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NANO - ROBOTICS

CONTENTS:-

Introduction Few words about Nanorobotics Design & Control of Nanorobotics Applications of Nanorobotics Benefits & Limitations of Nanorobotics Future of Nanorobotics Conclusion

Introduction

VAISHALI GAIKWAD

Introduction :-Robot :Robot is a machine which does the particular work .It is the combination of mechanical & electronics engineering. Robots are of two types:-1. Robot which does the predetermined work, 2. Robot which uses the intelligence.

Contd
Nano :What is Nano?? Basically Nano means (10-9) . For example 10-9 th part of 1meter.. In simple words, If there is a circuit which is having area of 1meter. In Nano - technology, the size is reduced by 109 times. So the 1meter area circuit can be implemented in a very small part. The size of the hardware can be reduced. And we can get more size for technology improvement.

Definition of nanotechnology :A basic definition:- Nanotechnology is the engineering of functional systems at the molecular scale. This covers both current work and concepts that are more advanced. - In its original sense, 'nanotechnology' refers to the projected ability to construct items from the bottom up, using techniques and tools being developed today to make complete, high performance products.

Definition of Nano-robotics : Nanorobotics is the technology of creating machines or robots at or close to the microscopic scale of a nanometres (10-9 metres). More specifically, nanorobotics refers to the still largely hypothetical nanotechnology engineering discipline of designing and building nanorobots.

Few Words About Nanorobotics :-


Research in Nanorobotics began in the late 1980s.Around this time, K.Eric Drexler published his research on nanoystems. From there research developed along with two paths:1. Design and simulation of robot with nanoscale diamentions. 2.Manipulation or assembly of nanoscale components with microscopic instruments Nanorobot are nano machine embedded in our body performing their duties as disciplined soldiers

Contd.
According to current theories, nanorobots will possess at least two-way communication. A network of special stationary nanorobots might be strategically positioned throughout the body, logging each active nanorobot as it passes, then reporting those results, allowing an interface to keep track of all of the devices in the body. Simulation is an essential tool for exploring alternatives in the organization, configuration, motion planning, and control of nanodevices exploring the human body. Basically, we may observe two distinct kind of nanorobot utilization. One is nanorobots for the surgery intervention, and the other is nanorobot to monitor patients body. Design and fabrication of robots with overall dimensions at or below the mm range and made of nm-scale components.

Control And Design of Nanorobots

NAMITA TEKALE

Nanorobot Design :-1. For

Molecular Manipulation nanorobot uses actuators. 2. Nanorobot navigation Uses plane surfaces (three fins total) - Propulsion by bidirectional propellers :Two simultaneously counter-rotating screw drives. - navigational acoustic sensors.

nanorobot design

Nanorobot IC Layout:-CMOS:It enable high performance to production of nanodevices

FI-CMOS with wireless communication is a feasible way to interface with nanorobots i.e., tracking, operation, diagnosis.

Sensing Methodology :-Decision planning

Medical target delivery

Motion: random, chemical, thermochemical Behaviour activation

Control mechanism of Nanorobotics :-Types of control mechanism

Internal control mechanisms

External control mechanisms

Active control

Passive control

Internal control mechanisms :-Nanorobots for Cardiology Blood Pressure Monitoring / Drug Delivery

Such control activation parameters could be used for biomedical applications

External control mechanisms :- There are three main considerations scientists need to focus on : when looking at nanorobots moving through the body navigation . How the nanorobot will move through blood vessels. Researchers are actively looking at using MRI as an external control mechanism
Some scientists plan to control and power nanorobots using MRI devices like this one

APPLICATIONS.

ASHWINI TAYDE

Applications Of Nanorobotics:-1. In Medical Area - Tumors - Arteriosclerosis - Kidney Stones - Burn and wound debriding - Blood clots - Diabetes 2. In Space-ship

Tumors :--

DRILLERS, PEEPERS, STRINGERS ENGAGE IN A DELICATE SURGICAL OPERATION TO REMOVE A CANCER TUMOUR

Arteriosclerosis:- This is caused by fatty deposits on the walls of arteries. The device should be able to remove these deposits from the artery walls

Kidney stones
Nanorobots might carry small ultrasonic signal generators to deliver frequencies directly to kidney stones.

Burn and wound debriding :- The nanorobots can also be used to clean wounds and burns.

Blood clots:- By using a nanorobot in the body to break up such clots into smaller pieces before they have a chance to break free and move on their own.

Nanorobots for Diabetes:-patients must take small blood samples many times a day to control glucose levels.

Such procedures are uncomfortable and extremely inconvenient

In Space-ship :- Nanorobots could improve the performance of spaceships, spacesuits and equipment used to explore planets and moons. Protecting the astronauts by including layers of bio-nano robots in their spacesuits. The outer layer of bio-nano robots would respond to damages to the spacesuit, for example to seal up punctures. An inner layer of bio-nano robots could respond if the astronaut was in trouble, for example by providing drugs in a medical emergency.

Benefits & Limitations

BALASAHEB VETAL

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Speed up of Medical Treatment. Faster and More Precise Diagnosis. Verification of Progress and Treatment. Minimum Side Effects. Nano-structuring is expected to bring about lighter, stronger 40 and programmable materials. 30 Non-degradation of Treatment Agents.
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Benefits of Nanorobotics:-100 90

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In medical field we will have microscopic robots floating in our blood streams fighting against cancer cells, AIDS HIV virus, genetic disorders or even ageing.

Some of the novel inventions like airplanes, space crafts and other transport made from lightweight material are possible 40 with nano-techniques.
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Computers billions of times faster and with massive memory 20 but with minuscule storage devices.
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Limitations of Nanorobotics:-100

Nano particles will penetrate living cells and accumulate in animal organs, 90 and can perhaps enter the food chain.
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There is no regulatory body dedicated to check this potent and powerful invasion.

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Their impact on environment is unknown e.g. Nanotubes of carbon use gallium & arsenic and minute traces of gallium arsenide in the body could 40 prove toxic.
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Changes in the proteins due to the presence of nano particles in the blood stream could trigger dangerous effects like blood clotting.

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Limitations of Nanorobotics :-A whole new class of toxins or the environmental problems may be created due to nanotechnology. Reaction of humans and existing environment to these nanoparticles and nanobots and their acceptance is not known.

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Future Of Nanorobotics .

PALAVI ZOPE

Future :1. In Industry and Manufacturing 2. In supercomputer 3. In Brain Augmentation 4. To Improve Healthcare

In Industry and Manufacturing :- To replace heavy machinery with nano-devices. To replace employees with many nano-robots. To replace petroleum with whale oil. To change view of industry in their possible capabilities, their new ideas, their research trend ,also mentality of the industrial man.

In supercomputer :-It is also called Nanocomputer. Nano-tubes & Nano-wires. It includes, 1)Billistic Sensor Disc 2)Spintronics 3)Smart Dust Using a Nano-computer along with nanite placed inside human body

Nano computer :-Nano Computer in future by using nanotubes & nanowires

In Brain Augmentation:- To replace dead cells with new cells. Brain surgery will easy and simple.

To Improve Healthcare :-To detection & treatment of cancer. We will use the cancer vaccine.

To detection of diabetics & treatment:To detect human sugar level in blood stream.

To Protect Blood Brain Barrier :--

Conclusion :- From these types of inventions, it will be useful for man to cure many diseases & to lead a fantastic life. The same technique is used in various treatments like cancer, breaking kidney stones, brain surgery, heart surgery .With in ten year several advancement technologies. However, finally we wish all the best for all scientists, who are going to implement the nano-robots in future. One day will be come thousands of microscopic robots in human surroundings.

ANY QUESTIONS