Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 5

, 2012, 444, 4, .

385389

532.529.6:534.12



2012 . B. B. , . .
.. 31.10.2011 .
09.12.2011 .


, , [13]. 


. 
,

, 
. 

1:2.


[46].

. 


[7]
[8].
[9]

.

. 



[10].

[8, 9] 

. ,



.

( )
. ..
,



r ( , , t ) =
m

= a 0 ( 1 + a ( t ) + P n ( ) ( 1 ( t ) cos m + 2 ( t ) sin m ) ),
(1)
m

= cos, P n () n, m 
, n = 2, 3, , m = 0, 1, , n.
(r, , t) Q, 
, 

(2)
= 0,
= vn .

n
(2)
:
 1 r
1 r

2   
   =
2
r r r sin2
m
= a 0 ( a + P n ( ) ( 1 cos m + 2 sin m ) ).
(3)

a 1, 2 (2).



K=

2
=

2

=0

v dS =
n

2
r ( , , t )r ( , , t ) d.

(4)

= 1

(1) (4), 

a 1, 2 . 
,
, 
a 1, 2
, .. , 

385

386

2
p0 = p +  
a0
U1 = 0.
,

a 1, 2:

a0,
1000

100

3p a 0 2
2
U 2 = 4a 0 3 1 + 
 a +

2
2
(n 1)(n + 1)(n + 2) 2 2
+ N ( 1 + 2 ) ,
2

10

(8)

U 3 = 4a 0 2 ( n + 1 )
1

10
n

. 1.
a0 n.

( a, 1, 2).

:
2 N 2 ( 21 + 22 )
5 a
 +
K = 4a 0  + 
2

2
2
2
5 2 3
+ 4a 0 N  a ( 1 + 2 ) +
2

(5)

4 ( n + 3 ) mn ( 2n + 1 )
+  a ( 1 1 + 2 2 ),

4
( 1 + m0 ) ( n + m )!
2
N = 
 ,
2 ( n + 1 ) ( 2n + 1 ) ( n m )
m0 = 1 m = 0, m0 = 0 m 0.

V
S , 

U = ( S S0 ) + p ( V V0 ) +
p 0 V 0 V 0 1
+ 
1 ,
 
(6)
1 V
0 
.
(6)
,
. ,
pV = const.
V S ,

U = U 1 + U 2 + U 3 + O 4 ( a, 1, 2 ),
2

U 1 = 4a 0 [ 2 + ( p p 0 )a 0 ]a.

(7)

3p a 0
2
2
2
N 3 1 + 
 a ( 1 + 2 ).

(9)


a n, m 
(., , [14, 15])
2
2 3 1 3p a 0
a = 
+  ,
3
2
a 0
(10)
2
2 ( n 1 ) ( n + 1 ) ( n + 2 )
= 3 .
2
a 0
,

a2, a =

= 2:1.
a
2(n 1)(n + 1)(n + 2) + 1
2
0 =  1, a* = . (11)
a*
3
p
a* 1.4 . 
m 
. . 1 
(11) 

a0 n a = 2:1, =

6
2
= 73 /, p = 10 / , = 1.4.
1 
n 10.
= t, x = a,
y1, 2 = N1, 2 3

a = 2:1

L = U
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
L = 1 ( x + y 1 + y 2 4x y 1 y 2 ) + 3x
 ( y 1 + y 2 ) +
2
2
mn ( 2n + 1 )
+ n + 3  x ( y 1 y 1 + y 2 y 2 )

4
2

4 ( n + 1 )x ( y 1 + y 2 ).

444

(12)
4

2012



(12) 
[7].

, 
:
H = H0 + F1 ,
2
2
2
2
2
1 2
H 0 =  ( u + v 1 + v 2 + 4x + y 1 + y 2 ),
2

(13)

2
2
3
mn ( 2n + 1)
F 1 =  x ( v 1 + v 2 ) n + 3 

2
4
2

u ( y 1 v 1 + y 2 v 2 ) + 4 ( n + 1 )x ( y 1 + y 2 ).

(14)

, [11]
,

, [7]. 
2:1
.


H0:
x ( t ) = X cos 2t + U
 sin 2t,
2
(15)

u ( t ) = U cos 2t 2X sin 2t,


v 1, 2 ( t ) = V 1, 2 cos t Y 1, 2 sin t.


, .. 
x, y, u1, v1, u2, v2 (15)
(14)
4n + mn ( 2n + 1 ) 1
F 1 = 
8
2

( X ( Y 1 + Y 2 V 1 V 2 ) + U ( Y 1 V 1 + Y 2 V 2 ) ).

(16)

U
z1 =  + 2 iX, z2 = V1 +
2
+ iY2, z3 = V2 + iY2 
=H
0 + F ,
H
0 = i ( 2z z 1 + z z 2 + z z 3 ),
H
1
2
3

(17)

4n + nm ( 2n
+ 1 ) 1 ) 2
F = (
16
2

444

it
z 2 = iz 2 z 2 = Z 2 e

(19)

it
z 3 = iz 3
z3 = Z3 e
(18)
2
( 4n + nm ( 2n + 1 ) 1 ) 2 2
Z 1 =  ( Z 2 + Z 3 ),
16

(20)
( 4n + nm ( 2n
+ 1 ) 1 ) 2 Z
Z = 
2
1 ( Z 2 + Z 3 ).
8
4n + nm ( 2n
+ 1 ) 1 t 
t = 

3
(20) 
[11, 12],
. 
W = 2Z1 Z 1 + Z2 Z 2 + Z3 Z 3 , 
n, m Z2 Z 2 +
+ Z3 Z 3 =
2
+  = E,
2
2
( 4n + nm ( 2n + 1 ) 1 ) 3
=  ( W ).
32
E 0 (20)
.
(0) = 0, y1(0) = y01,
y2(0) = y02, u(0) = 0, v1(0) = v2(0) = 0 =
2

01 + y 02 1, 
= y
2
x0
[11],
0
,
:
X ( t ) = x 0 th t 1 ln 32
 +
T 2

t 3 32
+ th   ln  1 ,
T 2

2
2
t 1
Y 1 ( t ) + Y 2 ( t ) = 2x 0 sech   ln 32
 +

T 2

(21)

t 1 32
+ sech   ln  ,
T 2

( z 1 ( z 2 + z 3 ) z 1 ( z 2 + z 3 ) ).
(18)
0 , F
, H
0 , F } = 0, 
{ H

=H
0 + F 
H
(17)
2it
z 1 = 2iz 1
z1 = Z1 e

y 1, 2 ( t ) = Y 1, 2 cos t + V 1, 2 sin t,

387

2012

4 ln 32
 + O ( ) .
T = 

( 4n + nm ( 2n + 1 ) 1 )x 0
. 2 
n = 7, m = 0, x0 = 0.007, y0 = 0.0013

388

a
0.01
0

0.15

20

40

60

80

100

120

140

0.12
0.09
0.06

[8],
n = 2.

2n + 1 
,
, 
. , ,
, . , 
n, m = n 
. (21), 
n, m n, 0 n = 7 

Tm
4n 
1
 = 
.
4n + nm ( 2n + 1 ) 1
T0

0.03
0

20

40

60

80

100

120

140
t, c

. 2. 

n = 7, m = 0.

, 

y(t)
, a(t) = x(t), (t) =  , x(t), y(t)
N
(21). ,
.
(21) T 144,
T 142. 
,

(11). 
T
T0
1.0

(22)

T
m m n = 7
T0
. 3. ,

m, , 
m.

. 
, ,
2

y 1max + y 2max 2xmax. , 



A0 = xmax, A =
m

max ( P n ( ) )
2
2
y 1max + y 2max 
 , , 
N
m = 0:
=

A 2 ( n + 1 ) ( 2n + 1 )A 0 ,

m = 0.

(23)

A
A0
30
25

0.8

20

0.6

15
0.4
10
0.2
5
0

7
m

. 3.
m n = 7.

10
n + 0.1m

. 4. 

n m.

444

2012

A
 n m
A0
. 4. , 

, 
n. 
.




n, m 2:1. 

. 

,
n = 2, m = 0, 
m = 0. , 

.
n, m 
m
m = n. ,

n, m = n.
n
, 
.
.. .. 
.




444

2012

389

( 2.1.2/3604)
, 110100535.

1. Brenner M.P., Lohse D., Dupont T.F. // Phys. Rev. Lett.
1995. V. 75. 5. . 954957.
2. Wu C.C., Roberts P.H. // Phys. Lett. A. 1998. V. 250.
P. 131136.
3. Hao Y., Prosperetti A. // Phys. Fluids. 1999. V. 11. 6.
. 13091317.
4. Williams J.E. // J. Fluid Mech. 1991. V. 224. P. 507
529.
5. LonguetHiggins M.S. // J. Fluid Mech. 1989. V. 201.
P. 525565.
6. LonguetHiggins M.S. // J. Fluid Mech. 1991. V. 224.
P. 531549.
7. .. .
.: ; , 1997. 320 .
8. .., .. // . . . 2009.
2. . 102115.
9. .., .. // . 2011. . 437.
3. . 331335.
10. .., .., .., 
.. // . . . 2005. 5. . 4752.
11. .., .. // . . . 2009.
8. . 1526.
12. .. . .:
, 2009. 520 .
13. .. // . . . 2006. 5. . 1828.
14. Lamb . Hydrodynamics. Cambridge: Cambridge
Univ. Press, 1933.
15. Strasberg M. // J. Acoust. Soc. Amer. 1956. V. 28. P. 20
26.

Оценить