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XIX .
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.
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Baddeley, p. 25. . : Baddeley, The Rugged Flanks of
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, (
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. : Lang D.M. Count Todtleben's Expedition to
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Baddeley, p. 19. -
.: Hurewitz J.C. (ed.). The Middle East and North Africa in
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Baddeley, pp. 38-39.
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. : Lang. Last Years, pp. 182185, 209; Alien, op.
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Baddeley, p. 20.
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Ibid., p. 21; Lang. Last Years, pp. 205-209.
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Malcolm John. History of Persia, Vol. II. London, 1829, p.
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*
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1775 . ,
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XVIIXIX . ( .

.., .-. .). ., 1958, . 200-208; ..




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. : . . I, . 168-169.
18
1649 . .
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. . XXVI, 20007.
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I .: Lang. Last Years, pp. 235


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//
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21
, .., . 29; Lang. Last Years, pp. 244254;
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. : Khachapuridze G. Guriis Ajankheba 1841 Tsels.
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, .., . 29.
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., ., Pakravan E. Abbas Mirza Prince Reformateur,
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29
, , ., . 32. . : Baddeley, pp. 71
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Lang. Modern History, p. 52. . : Algar, op. cit., pp. 79
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. ., 1856, 2- .
32
.: Hurewitz, pp. 193199.
33

.: . ( . .
. , .. .) . III, I, 1801-1839, . 57-59, 93101, 104116, 148149 ( : ).
34
1826-1829 .: Algar, op. cit., pp. 82-93; Baddeley,
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36
.: Monteith, op. cit., pp. 305316,
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. . VIII, . 14;
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419
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.,
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.: Kiernan Victor G. European Empires
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4

15

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1917 ., .
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. .. , 1816 1852. - , 1885, 12,
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3
10 [22] 1819.
.. // ,

1906, 12, .247. . : . ..


// , 1890, 2, . 309.
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Baddeley, pp. 94-95.
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7
, .., .35.
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. . . II, . 1, . 14.
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, . 25.
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. . : Baddeley, pp. 106107.


, . VI, . II, . 498.
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, . 25
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.., ., .
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19

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Baddeley, p. 123. . : , . 11619.
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Baddeley, p. 124. . : , . 153155.
23
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.: , . 3132; , . 121.
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, . 31.
27
. . VI, . II, . 79.
28
, . 3233.
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. . X, . 12.
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. . VI, . II, . 41 (. : Baddeley, pp. 137-138).
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. : , . 2930, 3334, 3539.
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. . X, . 19.
33
. : Whittock, p. 58.
34
. : Baddeley, p. 97.
35
Ibid.
36
Ibid.
37
, .., . 175177.
38
( ) .: Baddeley,
pp.
130-132.
20

39

Baddeley, p. 145. ,

423
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, . ,

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. //
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47
.. //
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.
,
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:
, , ,
. ( . , .
.)**
49
.: . ., . 4243;
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. . X, . 44.
51
Baddeley, pp. 147148. 18181824 .
.: . ., . 846; , . 155178.
52
Baddeley, p. 148.

53

,
.
,
.*** * . . .
** .
, .
.
. .
*** XIX .
, ,
()
(). . .

424


, , .
54
,
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: , . , 1925,
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: . . VI, . I. . 508516;
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56
Ibid., pp. 148-149.
57
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58
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59
. .: . . .
. . 1888 1904.
2 3 .
60
, , 18261827 //
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, ). // . 1872,
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, 8, . 1571 1583. ( .:
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. , . 216232; . . XI, . 79; 1420; 51-53.

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Trimingham, pp. 149-150; Al-Shaykh al-Sayyid Jamal al-Din al-GhaziGhumugi al-Daghistani, Al-Adab al-Mardiyya fi al-Ttariga alNaqshbandiyya (Petrovsk, 1323 . x./ 1905), p.77 ( :
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Lewis, p. 96. .: Friedmann


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., .: -.
// , 1859, 12, . 1, . 182-242;
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I, . 136156; . // , 1861,
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* , .
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427
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, . 312324; . 1843- //
. . VI, . 39-40.
20

* : ,
, - ,
. , ,
, -,
, , ,
-,
. , .

428

.: , ,
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21
., ., 21 [2
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Baddeley, p. 134.
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Atkin, op, cit., p. 165.
24
., ., 9 [21] 1831.
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26
: Abu-Munneh, pp. 12
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27
. , . 5.
28
Abu-Munneh, p. 15,
- (..
- )
, , .
29
Baddeley, p. 242.
30
.. . .
, 1877;

..

// , 1846, . 282
289.
31
Lewis, pp. 96100; Trimingham, . 240241.
32
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33
- : .
, . 5 6.
: . . X, . 20. .:
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34
. , . 6.
35
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. . X, . 28. (. 1314)
.
36
, . 8-9, 11-12; , 2, . 3334, 35-36.
37
., .: . . VI,
II, . 501, 507; , . 555558; [ ].
. - (18371865), , ,

1937, 10 (46), . 2325, :


II (/) ( : ).
38
, . 4142. . : , .., 35;
. , . 10; Baddeley. Rugged Flanks, Vol. II, p. 65.
39
, XVIIIXIX
. . ( . . . .. .)
., 1958, . 362368; Andre de Simon [
], Historical Survey of the Samur District 1839. . .
367.
40
Baddeley, Rugged Flanks, Vol. II, pp. 1218.
429
.
41

., .: . . X, . 245. .:
Trimingham, pp. 40-44.
42
. . XIV, . 194.
43
.: , .
199 201; . . XI, . 1-107, 127-145.
44
Baddeley, pp. 244245, , : . .
XI, . 108109. , ,
, :
, ,
, ibid, p. 245.
.:
. .
( . . . .) , 1953 ( ), . 1
7, 912. .:
, . 181.
45
. . XI, . 175182; . , 1846, . 1520.
46
.: , . 1213.
47
.: . . XI, . 127137.
1830 .: , . 6062, 6872.
48
. . VII, . 517-518.
49
, : .
. XI, . 158-159.


. ,
,
90- XVIII .
: Muhammad Tfhir al-Qardkhi. Banqat al-Suyuf
al-Daghistaniyya fi Ba'd al-Ghazawat al-Shamiliyya. .-., 1946, c. 9
28 ( : ); - .
//
. . VII, . 68 ( : -), .
-
1879 .
, 23 [4] , 2 [14], 9 [21] 1891; .
(-
) // ,
1890, 10, 1891, 3, 4, 5, 6; ,
. //
, 1915, 1, 2, 3; .,
430

.
// . . XV, . 327-450. . XIX, . 120220. . XX, . 142249; , .
, 1818 1850. // , 1842, 11, .
508515 ( : , );
- ( 1832
) // , 1843, 11, . 79108; [].
- ( ). //
, 1847. . II, . 2239; .
1831 //
, 1864, 2, ; .
// , 1869, 1, . 1-36, 2, .
401-443, 3, . 102-155, 4, . 658707; . .
- 1831 . // ,
1864, 12, . 698732 ( : , ); A.M.
Guerre des Russes dans le Daghestan, Nouveau Journal Asiatique,
1832, 9, pp. 466472 ( : Guerre); Eichwald, op. cit.,
vol. II, pp. 675740.

-, . (. 9).
Baddeley, p. 240.
4
, . 5556; . , . 1416;
, . 3132; , 3, . 51.
5
., , -
, : . . XII, . 62.
( )
()
.
6
. . XI, . 152.
7
.: . . XI, cc. 148-149.
8
.: . . XII, . 910; , . 412423.
9
, . 1314.
10
.: , . 62-65, 129-130; . . XI, . 153-158.
11
., ., , , . . . III, . I, . 519520.
12
, . 158161.
13
. . VII, . 515; , . 6667; , .
202213; , . 1213.
14
. . XI, . 181.
15
.: 2050 . XIX . //
,
, . . . II, . 264
268 ( : ); , . 7881, 8687;
, . 1316, 1923; , . 16.
16

431
3


., .: * . 7879, . . XII, . 46
49. ,
., .: . . XIII, . 154155.
17
. . XII, . 135. . : , . 262263,
- , 14 1832
., ,
.
1830 .

, ,
., ., , . 16.
18
, . 72-76; . . XII, . 17-24, 36-38.
19
, . 206211. VII,
(/).
20
, . 79-80; . . XII, . 61-63, 72.
21
, . 7377.
22
, , . 701.
23
.: . . VII, . 514515, 535
537; . . XII, . 1-17, 24-25, 38-59, 80-103.
24
. , . 60-62, 68-72; . . XI, . 150-152. .
XII, . 63-69.
25
. . . VII, . 514-515.
26
. , . 507511; : , .129138
213 219; . . XX, . 135-141; . XII, . 80-103.
27
. . XII, . 8-9, 17, 51. . XIII, . 174, 179, 187.
28
. . XII, . 43-59, . 4.
29
, . 3, 2728, 4243, 82.
30
. . XXIII, . 174, 179, 187.

. , ,
, . . .
XIV, . 177-178, 181, 188, 196, 198-199.
31
[ ],
. .: . .
VII, . IX.
32
, .
.: , . 224233;
. . XII, . 43-59.
33
, . 16.
34
. . VII, . 473; . VIII, . 527-528; , . 8894;
, . 17
35
. . XIII, .209.
36
. . VII, . 475, 519-520; . VIII, . 528-530;
,
.247-249; . . XIII, . 263-279, 286290; .
,
. 701-719; , . 17-18.

432

37

. . XIII, . 286.
, . 326, 295-300, 304.
39
, . 159-174, 177.
40
, . 269; . . XIII, . 210-236; , . 1838

19.
41
42
43
44
45

. . XIII, . 223.
, . 236-240.
. . XIV, . 116-197.
. . XIII, . 240-261.
. . VIII, . 533-534; . . XIII, . 290-296, 301-

304.
46

. . VIII, . 534555; , . 260270;


, . 9699; , . 19; . , . 721732.
47
. . XIII, . 309.
48
. . XIII, . 262, 322-327.
49
. . XIV, . 173.
50
. . VIII, . 535, 536-539;
, . 99-100;
.
. XIV, . 81-99.
51
, . 89.
52
, . 8687; , . 254257.
53
. . XIV, . 106.
54
. . VIII, . 538-540, 542-548; , . 258259; , . 19.
55
. . VIII, . 541-542, 669-671, 673, 675-677; . .
XIV,
. 116-129, 133.
56
, C.123.
57
, . 128.
58
, . 123.
59
. . VIII, . 341-342, 545, 548-551; . . XIV, .
133-153; , . 20.
60
. . VIII, . 542-543.
61
. . XIV, . 153.
62
, . 104106; . . XIV, . 154160.
,

: ,
, ,
,
, , . ,
, (. . XVI, . 428).
63
. . VIII, . 672-673; . . XV, . 549-560.
64
. . IX, . XXVII.
65
. . VIII, . 674-675, 340-341; , . 103-104;
, . 263269.
66
( ) : . . XV, . 512.
. ,
,
433
.

. ,

. , . XIII, . 261.
67
. . XIV, . 132.
68
, . 275276.
69
, . 259-261; . . XVI, . 438-454; , .
21-22.
.: . . VIII, . 541.
70

.: . . XVI, . 447451.
71
. . VIII, . 675; , . 270-273; . .
XV, . 454-457.
72
, . 456457.
.: , . 274277.
73
1831 . .: . . VIII, . 535536; , . 2425.
74
. . VIII, . 551-552; . . XVII, . 336-346.
75
. . VIII, . 553, 554-556, 961; , . 109-111,
114-117; , . 27-28, 32-36.
76
, . 107-108; . . XVII, . 358-379.
77
:
, , .
, . 365.

78

.:
, . 108-109, 111-113; . . XVIII, . 333-336, 338-341.
79
. . VIII, . 677-682; , . 269-270; .
. XVII, . 379-409; Baddeley. Rugged Flanks, Vol. I, pp. 110, 205, 211.
80
.: . . VIII, . 682-695; , . 279282;
, . 21-22.
81
. . XVII, . 381.
82
. . VIII, . 557-558; . . XVIII, . 337-338.
83
, . 343. , ,

(, ). .:
.
. VIII, . 695, 557-558.
84
. . XVIII, . 344.
85
, .345-347.
86
. . VIII, . 558; . . XVIII, . 341-342.
87
. . VIII, . 558-567, 695-696, 351; , .
282-284; - (
1832 ) // , 1843, 11, . 79108;
Baddeley. Rugged Flanks, Vol. II, pp. 24, 5960.
.:
, . II, . 97-98, 640.
434



1
, - .

: , . 3138; -, . 810;
. . XX, . 125134; , . 3839; ,
1875, 3, . 545 547; , 3, . 56-57; , 34, . 117119. 35, 123-125; .
1837 . ., 1851, . 57 (
: )] ..
1834 . ., 1848 ( :
. ).
2
, 34, . 117.

, 1829,
,
4
. . XI, . 34, 136.
5
, . 16.
6
, . 8788.
7
. . XVII, . 361.
8
, . 31. . : . . XX, . 131 132;
, 3, . 56.
9
-, . 8; , . 31.
10
. . VIII, . 569-574, 581-584; , . 39-40, 42-46;
, 34, . 118110; , . 3133; -, . 8.
11

-
-. - . . VIII, . 57.
12
. . XX, . 132-134.
13
, . 132.
14
, . 132133.
15
. , . 133134.
16
. . VIII, . 569-572.
17
, . 573574.
18
, . 575576.
19
, . 576. . : , . 36.
20
. . VIII, . 567-569, 584-585; , . 132-136;
, . 287289; . ; , 3,
. 5657; , 34, . 123124; , . 5; , .
3336; -, . 89.
21
., -, . 10.
,
, -
(, . 34) -
( , . 36).
435
.
22

. . VIII, . 567-569, 584-585.


, . 585586; , . 33, 36.
24
. . VIII, . 586-587, 587-588; , . 37.
25
. . VIII, . 585586.
.: . . VIII, . 695-699.
23

26

, . 581-584, 585-586, 587; , . 289-295.


. . VIII, . 588; , 35, . 125; ,
. 7; , . 38; -, . 9.
- .: , . 1 ,
649.
28
. . XVI, . 462.
29
, . 469470.
. , .
447451.
30
, . 458.
31
, . 458459.
. , . 457470.
32
, . 463.
33
-, . 8.


1
, . 42; -, . 1011; Blanch, p. 46;
. (18341836 .) //
. . XX, . 251 ( : ).
2
(. 21) ,
,
.
3
-, . 11.
4

.: Baddeley, pp. 279280. .:
, . 2527. . Blanch, pp. 7379. .:
-, . 11.
5

, .
Blanch, pp. 4748. 19 ;
. .:
Le Nord . //
, 1866, 40, . 15.
6
(XIII, 18): , ,

.
, .,
.
7
, . 38.
27

, . 35.
, ,
436

,
, .
.: , . 225; Gralewski Mateusz. Kaukaz. Wspomnienia s
Dwunastoletniej Niewoli. Lwow, 1877, pp. 464466 ( :
Gralewski).
9
,

. - . . VIII, . 589.
10
Baddeley, p. 289.
11
, . 1418.
12
Bodenstedt Friedrich. Die Volker der Kaukasus und Ihre
Freihats-Kampfe Gegen die Russen. Ein Beitrag zur Neusten Geschichte
des Orients. Frankfurt-am-Main, 1849, 2nd ed., p. 419 ( :
Bodenstedt); Mackie Milton J. Life of Schamyl and Narrative of the
Circassian War of Independence Against Russia. Boston, 1856, p. 193 (
: Mackie).
13
, . 1472.
.: , . 254255, Gralewski, pp.
464466.
14
, . 38.
15
Prawdin Michael. The Mongol Empire: Its Rise and Legacy.
London, 1940, pp. 50-51.
16
AKAK. T. VIII, c. 284, : . XIV. .
, . 254-257, : . . VIII, . 588-590.
17
, . 39. ,
,
. . . VIII, . 588590; , . 257.
, ,
:
, ?
18
Bodenstedt, p. 420.
19
. . VIII, . 589; . : , . 258;
, 1875, 3, . 550.

20

. . VIII, . 588-594; , . 329-349;


, 1875, 3, . 549-553.
21
, . 268.
22
,
[]

,
,
.

, . Anderson, p.
34.
23
.: . . VIII, . 353-354; , . 267.
24
, . 264279.
25
. . VIII, . XIII.
26
: ,
,

437
.

, , .
. (1843
) // , 1859, 3, , . 11,
. : Baddeley, p. 365, note. 1).
27
, ,
, .

, 1843 (. : Baddeley, p. 365).
:
,
, , ,
. . . IX, . 348
350. 1836 . .: , .
289. , 18351836 .,
.
.: , . 285.
28
, 1876, 2, . 378.
29
, . 379; 1876, 1, . 149, 2, . 378-379.
30
, .:
. . VIII, . 596-597, 601-602; , . 286-287; , .

50-51;
, 1876, 1, . 160;

, . 1483.
31

.:
, 1876, 2, . 378-380; , . 289.
32
.: . . VII, . IX. . VIII, . XV.
33
. . VIII, . 601-602.
34
, . 601; , . 5051.
35
.. 1839
// , 1850, 1, . 20 (
: ); .
( ) // -, 1934, 2
(36), . 70 ( : ; Bodenstedt, pp. 418419;
Mackie, pp. 193, 201.
36
.: , 1876, 1,
. 148; , . 6970.
37
, . 39.
38
, . 40; , . 270, 271.
39
1835-1836 . .: , . 45-52; . .
VIII, . 599609, 597; , . 360363; ,
1876, 1, . 146-157, 161-162.
40
. . VIII, . 596-597; . 601, 603-604, 358.
41
, . 264.
42
. . VIII, . 596-597.
43
, 1876, 1, . 147.
438

44

- .: ..
// , 1972,
. 86-87.
45
, . 273274; Mackie, p. 193.
46
, 1876, 1, . 148.
47
. . VIII, . 712.
48
- ,
: , . 292.
49
, 1876, 1, . 148.

50

(. 271), , ,

.
51
, . 255.
52
, . 279.
53
, . 5051.
54
. . VIII, . 601-602.
55
, . 595, 711-712.
56
Khoursch Baha-Eddin. Obrona Twierdzy Achulgo przez Imama
Szamila. Warsaw, 1939, p. 18 ( : Khoursch).
57
,
: . . VIII, . 606-607.

, . 280281.
.: . . VIII, . 603-604.
2
.
: , 1876, 2, . 378.
3
, .: . .
VIII, . 597-600; , . 139140.
4
.: . . VIII, . 606
607,
5
, . 275.
6
. .:
. . VIII, . 699-704, 707-711, 383-398. . : , . 273277, 280-281.
7
, . 351356, 359360; , . 290292.
, , -
. :
, . 167. -
: . 292.
8
, . 282.
439
.

, . 8081; , . 282.
, . 282284; . . VIII, . 712714;
, 1876, 1, . 158.
11
. . VIII, . 715-716.
12
, . 604606; , . 285286; ,
1876, 1, . 154-155.
13
. . VIII, . 607-609; , . 284289;
, 1876, 1, . 157-160.
14
, . 290.
. . : , 1876,
1, . 154157, 161-162.
15
. . VIII, . 602; , . 140142; , .
286; , . 5051.
16
. . VIII, . 602.
17
, . 90-91.
18
, . 149150, 151 152.
19
,
- , .:
, 1876, 2, . 378380.
20
, . 150151.
21
, . 166.
,
.
22
. . VIII, . 3-6.
23
. . IX, . XXIX.
24
Baddeley, p. 304.
25
. : .. .
, . 290. . : .. .
, 1906, 2, . 30 ( :
).
26
.: . . VIII, . 716722;
.: . . VIII, . 716
718; , . 153155. .: . . VIII, . 722
728; , . 155-156, 162-165; . . VIII, . 13-20, 30-37;
, 1876, 2, . 380381, 383387.
27

.
,
. 240
10

, 71 , 17 .
, . 156162; . . VIII, . 2030; ,
1876, 2, . 381383.
( 19 [31] 1837, : .
. VIII, . 2930), . ,

440

, .:
( ) //
. . II, . 203-207.
28
. . VIII, . 38.
29
Baddeley, p. 294.
30
Idid., pp. 294-295.
31
. . VIII, . 40. . : Baddeley, p. 295.
32
. : Baddeley, pp. 295296.
33
. . VIII, pp. 41-42.
34
Baddeley, p. 294.
35
. . VIII, . 4451; , . 957.
, ,
--
, ,
, ,
100 (Baddeley, p. 297).
36
.: . . VIII, . 51-54. . : Baddeley, pp. 297-298.
37
.: . . VIII, . 5863; , .
6570.
38
. . VIII, . 63. . : Baddeley, p. 301.
39
.: Baddeley, p. 301.
40
.: . . VIII, . 6567; , . 8185;
Baddeley, pp. 301302.
, ,
,
. . . .

. . 1839- . (
) // , 1888, 6, . 110 (
: ). . : - . .
// , 1869, 6, . 1056;
, 2, . 31.
41
. . VIII, . 7072.
.: , . 6771; . . VIII, . 617; , . 168
169; , 1876, 3, . 645649; , 2, . 31;
, . 9096; Bodenstedt, pp. 422430; Baddeley, pp. 302
304; Britain. Public Record Office, Foreign Office Archives
(. .
) ( :
PRO), FO/65/235, Milbank to Palmerston, St. Petersburg, 10 July, 23
August 1837, 9, 23,
.
42
, 12 [24] 1837, 45, . : . .
VIII, . 75.
43
. . VIII, . 618.
44
. . VIII, . 72, . : Baddeley, p. 304.
, ,
,
441
.

.
.
, , 10 [22] 1838, .
: . // , . 290
291. . : , . 96.
: (
20 ) 94 , 187 ;
28 , 158 ; 8 , 15
; 2728 33 , 134 ;
92 , 256 . ,
(17 ),
5 55 .
45
. . VIII, . 618.

46
47

. . VIII, 1. . : Baddeiey, p. 305.


. . VIII, 2. . : Baddeiey, pp. 305

306.
48

,
,
, ;

,
, ,
. . VIII, . 71 (. : Baddeiey, p. 303).
49
.: . . ., 1972, . 297 (
: ).
50
Bodenstedt, pp. 430434. . : Mackie, pp. 202206. .
- //
, . 100103, 649.
51

, .: , 2 . 19:3536.*
52
. . VIII, . 618.
53
, . 617-618.
54
, . 618.
55
12 [24] 1837, 732, . : . . VIII, . 77.
56
.: . . VIII, . 76-78, . . VIII, . 620621; , . 371372.
57
.: , 1876, 3, . 650651.
58
.: . . VIII, . 7980.
59
28 1837. .:
, . 80.
60
, . 8182; . : , 1876, 3, .
653
* . ,
. . .

442

654. 1
.

61

. . VIII, . 82.
, ,
.
, ,
. .: Baddeley, pp. 307
310.
62
. . VIII, . 83.
63
, . 8384; , 1876, 3, . 656.
64
. . VIII, . 84; , 1876, 3, . 656.
65
. . VIII, . 85; , 1876, 3, . 655
656.
66
.: ..
1837 . // , 1884,
8, . 377-398; Kundukh, 1936, 1 (25), . 14-16.
67
.: . . VIII, . 85-86.
68.
, . 86.
69
. . VIII, . 618.
,
. , . 412423.
70
.: . . VIII, . 83; , 1876, 3, . 654
655.

.: .
.. // . .
( . .) . I, M., 1872, . 164; . :
. ..
// , 1879, 34, . 707717.
.
. . , . 418421.
2
[ ].
1838 1842 //
. . II, . 5 ( : ).
1838 . .: , . 1-8; . . VIII, . 159161.

.: . . VIII, . 610-611, 612-617,


618-620, 621-622; . IX, . 204-209; , . 178; MRE, ,
Russie, Tiflis, Vol. I, ff. 1921, Ratti-Menton to the Foreign Minister,
Tiflis, 15/27, 24 September/16 October 1837, 35, 36; . . VIII,
. 103117; - .. 1837 . ,
1962 ( : -).
4
.: . . VIII, . 704-708, 710, 711.
5
, . 518525.
443
.
6

, 1838 .
. . . VIII, .
75-76. 1837 . .: . . VIII, . 622-625;
, . 172175; , . 376379.
7
. . VIII, . 164166.
.: . . IX, . 209-212.
8
.: . . IX, . 213217;
. . VIII, . 206-211; , . 10-11.
9
. . IX, . 217-218, 318-321.
,
.
10
: . . IX, . 315318; . .
VIII, . 211217. : , . 11.
11
.: . . VIII, . 219221.
12
Baddeley, p. 313.
1838 .: . . IX, . 212-213, 308-309, 312-314, 315;
, . 186187; , . 393397.
13
, . 5758. (Khoursh, p. 11),
1835 .,
.
14
Khoursh, p. 12.
15
-, . 111.
16
Khoursh, p. 25.

(1837-1839).
17
. : -, . 111 112.

18

, . 20. . : Baddeley, p. 313.


. . IX, . 321.
20
. . IX, . 3; , . 15.
. : . . IX, . 227239.
.: , . 197208; Baddeley, p. 343; Khoursh,
pp. 147-150.
21
. . IX, . 3; , . 1516; , . 2123.
22
. . IX, . XVIII-XIX.
23
.: , . 47; . . IX, . 2324.
24
. . IX, . 10; , . 2627.
: . . IX, . 326.
25
, . 27; . . IX, . 10.
26
.:
Khoursh, pp. 3131; , . 2728; . . IX, . 1012.
1839 . .: . . IX,
. 321-326.
27
. . IX, . 1314; , . 2931; Khoursh, pp. 26-27,
30-32; , . 102.
19

444

28

, . 22. .: ,
. 414-415, : , . 103104; Baddeley, p. 316.
29
:
. . IX, . 326-328; , . 194-196, 208-213; , .
415424; MRE, CPC, Russie, Tiflis, Vol. 1, ff. 31-36, Rivoire to the
Foreign Minister, Tiflis, 1/13 June, 25 June/11 July, 1/13 September
1839, 16, 21, 107; FO/65/255, Yeames to Palmerston, Odessa, 19
April, 16 July, 12 October 1839, 1 , 2 , 7; FO/78/366, f. 31, Brant to
Palmerston, Erzeroom, 22 April 1839, 8; , . 104126;
, . 2224; , . 45121; . . IX, . 24-83; ,
2, . 3233; Baddeley, . 317341; -, . 18; , . 60
71; Khoursh, pp. 42134; Bodenstedt, pp. 437 452.
30
, . 48-49; . . IX, . 24-25.
31
, . 5152; . . IX, . 2428.

32

, 16 000 . (Khoursh, p.
50) ,
2900 .
33
, . 22; , . 107; , . 57; . .
34
, . 22; , . 107; , . 57; . . IX, .
30. - - () Khoursh, p. 51. , . 22.
35
646 ,
. , (Khoursh, p. 62)
600 .
646 , .
36
, . 11
37
, . 23. . : , . 75.
25 31 (?)
.: , . 111 112. ,
, , ,
(
--),
8513 7672 .
, 5 6 (. 137139).
3600 , ,
,
. , . 8182; . . IX, . 4647.
38

(Khoursh, . 82),
30
, .
39
, . 84.
40
Baddeley, p. 326.
. , .
112.
41
Baddeley, pp. 323324.
445
.
42

, 6, . 140.
, . 2324. ,
. ,
43

,
.
,
, , ,
.
44
, . 118, 119-120, 113; , . 108.
45
, . 113, 118. . : , . 140141;
7; . . IX, . 12. XIV.
46
, . 112. ,
. .
. IX, . 74.
47
, . 7374.
48
, . 119.
49
. : , . 121 123.
50
.: , . 133; . . IX, . 74.
51
, . 7677.
52
1837 .
53
. . X, . 505.
54
.: , 7, 8, . 140143; .
. IX, XVII , XVII , . 12-14.
55
, . 123.
56
, . 6667.
57
. . IX, . 78.
58
, . 64; Khoursh, pp. 118119.
59
,

. , . 123.
60
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61
, ,
,
. Baddeley. Rugged Flanks, Vol. II, p. 32.
62
.: , . 8188; , . 120
121; Baddeley, pp. 341-342.
63
. . IX, . 333.
64
:
26 , 152 ; 4 35
; 140 506 ;
9 84 ; .
- 36 , 279 ;

11 94 ; 160 716
; 102 400 ;
156 512 ;
446

55 95 ;
3069.
( ) 3913. ,

.
65

. (. 29).

66

, . 25. , ,
, 4000 ,

,

, . . . IX, . 89.
.: , . 8589; , . 126131;
, . 2426; , . 126127; , 2, . 34.
67

. . IX, . 91; , . 425436.


, . 83. . : , . 191.
. 1840, 1841 1842- //
. . X, . 330 ( : , 18401842 . ). .
, . 40.
3
, 1840-1842. . X, . 276.
4
, . 272. . : Baddeley, p. 345.
5

1840 . . 1840
1842. . X, . 268-269.
6
, . 280291.
2

. 18401842. . X, . 271.
1840 ., , 6242 .
1000 . ,
.
8
, . 1513.
9
.: Baddeley. Rugged
Flanks, Vol. II, pp. 21, 78-79.
10
, . 285.
11
,
. ,
1840-1842. . X, . 272-273; , . 85, 92.
12
Baddeley. Rugged Flanks, Vol. II, p. 78.
13
AKAK. T. IX, c. 424-425, 428-433; , , 241, 246,
252-254, 264265; , . 274.
447
.
14

, 1840-1842. . X, . 272. . : , 2, .
34; , 1876, 6, . 354. .:
. . IX, . XXV, Vol. X, . !(1.
.: , 2, . 3132.
15
16

, . 285.

, 1840-1842. . X, . 272.
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17

East: the Crimea. London, 1936, pp. 6365 ( : Temperley);


Webster . The Foreign Policy of Palmerston, 18301841: Britain, the
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18
18391841 . .:
Ancel, pp. 112-120; Anderson, pp. 88109; Cattaoui, pp. 139217, 247273; Crabites, pp. 202250; Dodwell, pp. 154191; Enkiri, pp. 325-420;
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: Puryear); Sabry, pp. 441540; Temperley, pp. 87 153;
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19
PRO FO/78/366, f. 13, Brant to Palmerston, Erzeroom, 15
April 1841, 6. . : Letters from Persia, p. 46, Edward to George
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20
, 1840-1842. . , . 250.
21
, . 39. . : MRE, CPC, Russie, Tiflis, Vol. I, ff. 5355, Extrait d'une Lettre de M. le Consul de France a Tiflis, 2 September
1840. , -
, ,
.
. . : PRO,
448

FO/65/262, Bloomfield to Palmerston, St. Petersburg, 10 October


1840, 78, ,
10 000 . .
22
-
. , .
243245.
23
, , VI.
24

, 1840-1842. . X, . 400401, .
,
.
Rustum Asad Jibra'il. The Royal Archives of Egypt and the Disturbances
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25


. .: Benis Adam Georges (ed.), Une Mission Militaire
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.: Widerszal Ludwik, Sprawy Kaukazkie w Politice Europejskej
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26
, , -:
...
, , ,
...
, ,
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Anderson, p. 9. . : Gleason John Howes. The Genesis
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28
Gleason, p. 3.
29
.: Robinson G. David Urquhart: Some
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Oxford, 1920; . Some Account of David Urquhart. Oxford, 1921.
. : Gleason, pp. 153-157, 173-180, 190-204, 257-266, 274;
Temperley, pp. 407409.
30
Bell J. St. Journal of a Residence in Circassia during the Years
1837, 1838 and 1839. London, 1840. (
1841 .); Longworth J. Aug. A
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449
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31

, 1836 .
- .: . . VIII, . 768. ,

. .: .
. VIII IX, : , passim; . . II, . 422423;
, . 23; . . VIII, . 154158. . Gleason, pp. 179180, 191-204, 230-231, 245-246.
32
, 1840-1842. . X, . 251.
33
. . II, . 423 ( 2).
34
Anderson, . 97; Gleason, pp. 151, 228229, 261; Temperley,
pp. 93-96, 423; Verete M., Palmerston and the Levant Crisis, 1832,
Journal of Modern History, Vol. XXIV, 2 (June 1932), p. 149.
35
. 1840-1842. . X, . 229-266; , . 30-31; .
. IX, . 468-470, 480-490, 493-494.
36
MRE, , Russie, Tiflis, Vol. I, ff. 4952, 6065, de la
Chapelle to Guizot, Tiflis, 8/20 August, 5/17 September, 13/25 September
1840, 8/20 January 1841, 4, 5, 8, 1; PRO FO/65/260, Clanricard to
Palmerston, St. Petersburg, 1, 7, 20 April, 6, 26 May 1840, 31, 43, 45, 54,
69, FO/65/261, Bloomsfieid to Palmerston, St. Petersburg, 6, 20 June, 26 July,
1 August 1840, 7, 14, 26, FO/ 65/264, Yeames to Palmerston, Odessa, 29
March, 11, 22, 25 April, 9, 26 May, 4, 16, 20 June, 4, 13, 18, 25 July, 9, 14
August, 8 September 1840, 1-13, 17, 18, 22; FO/78/393 f. 15, Ponsonby to
Palmerston, Therapia, 29 April 1840, 92; FO/78/394, f. 36, Ponsonby to
Palmerston, Therapia, 13 May 1840, Separate and Secret, FO/78/397, f. 145,
Ponsonby to Palmerston, Therapia, 4 October 1840, 224.
37
, . 132.
38
, . 73; , 1840-1842. . X, . 273.
39
, . 274.
40
, . 85-86; , 1840-1842. . X, . 274-275; Kundukh,
1936, 2 (26), pp. 13-14.
41
, . 132.
42
, 1840-1842. . X, . 51, .
43
, . 255258.
44
, . 86; -, . 1820; , 18401842. . X, .
275.
45
, . 276; , . 274276.
46
Baddeley, p. 364.
47
, 1840-1842. . X, . 286.
48
Yisra'el Ber. Bithon Yisra'el Etmol, Hayom, Mahar. Tel Aviv,
5726
(1966), pp. 18, 264-265.

49

, . 243249; . . IX, . 248251; , 1840-

1842.
. X, . 287; , . 88.
450

50

. : . . IX, . XVII.

51

, . 252254.

52

, 26 . 34. .: . 1840

1842. . X, . 285-319, 344, : PRO, FO/65/264, Yeames to


Palmerston, Odessa, 18 July 1840, 12.
53
M. . , . . .
.,1901, . 4653.
,
. .: , 18401842. . X, . 302-308.
54
, . 3337. . : , . 267273.
55
. , ,
,
.
56
, 1840-1842. . X, . 308.
57
, . 289; , . 262.
58
, 1840-1842. . X, . 290-292; Baddeley, p. 350; , . 8890; , . 15131516. . : , . 301 303.
. , ,
. .: , 1840-1842. . X, . 292293; , . 192-193.
59
. . IX, . 338-342; , . 259-261, 273-274, 292-298,
265; , . 194; , 1876, 6, . 355357; , .
9095.
60
, ,
. .: , 18401842. . X, .
312-314; MRE, CPC, Russie, Tiflis, Vol. I, ff. 56-57, de la Chapelle to Guizot,
Tiflis, 20 October 1840, 6. .:
Baddeley. Rugged Flanks, Vol. I, p. 213.
61
, 1840-1842. . , . 314.

62

, 2, . 34; , . 37. .:
, 18401842. . X, . 318330.
: 92 117 15 99 .
63
, . 423424; , . 132.
64
, 18401842. . X, . 369.

.
65

: , . 371.
66
. . IX, . 346; Baddeley, p. 355. . : , 18401842. . XII, . 245-246.
451

1
2

, . 50.

, 1840-1841. . XI, . 209, 218.


, . 292. . : , 1840-1842. . XI, . 198
220; , . 96.
4
- . ., .: Baddeley.
Rugged Flanks, Vol. II, p. 18.
5
: , 18401842. . X,
. 366367. - .
, .: . - ( ).
, 1870, 11, 1, . 159182; ..
- //
. . XL, 1, . 5470;
-. . . III, . 749;
. - // . , 1934, 7, . 812.
- ,
, .. - //
3

. . III, , 1912, . 3
125. ,

.
.
6
: , 18401842.
. X, . 386.
7
., , ,
8 [20]
1841 ., . : , 18401842. . XII, . 253.
- ,
, , .: , . 234, 249250; Kundukh,
1936, 1 (25), . 13, 2 (26), . 14-19, 4 (28), . 22-23, 5 (29),
. 20-21.
8
- .: , 1840
1842. . X, . 366; , . 368; . :
, 1876, 6, . 93-98.
9
, ,
-,

. .:
Bodenstedt, p. 614.
452

10

-, 27 [8 ] 1841, .: ,
18401842. . XI, . 221.
- .: . . IX, . 342-344.
11
, 18 [2 ] 1841, .: , 1840
1842. . X, . 223.
12
, . 40.
.
.: , 18401842. . XI, . 228229 . XII,
.
269; , 1876, 6, . 358.
.: , 1840-1842. . XI, . 221-228; . . IX, . 344
345; , . 298303.
13
: , 18401842. . XII, . 236.

14

, . 239.
, . 220. . XI, . 187. . XII, . 246-247.
16
. . XII, . 246-247.
17
.. 1841 // , 1846, . 74
( : ); , 18401842. . XI, . 190-198, 232.
.: . . IX, . 345346; , . 298303.
(. 22) , ,
.
18
. . IX, . 266-268. . : PRO, FO/65/264, Yeames to
Palmerston, Odessa, 22 September 1840, 23.
19
, . 44.
20
1841 . .:
. . IX, . 268-278, 446, 433-436; , . 42-48, 52-53; ,
. 72-81; , 1840-1842. . XI, . 232-311. . XII, . 240241; ,
. 9096.
21
, 2, . 3536.
39 487 .
231 1185 ; 848 (70
778 ) .
22
, 1876, 6, . 358359.
23
.: , 1840-1842. . XII, . 2-5, 248-257.
24
, . 229233, 258260; , . 305306;
, . 199-202.
25
.: , 1840-1842. . XII, . 261-269; , . 324327.
26
, 1840-1842. . XII, . 288289.
.: , . 277-284; , . 309-311, 312-324,

(),
( : ).
(
, , ,
15

453
.

[18401842. . XII, . 314315, 327


330], .); , 1876, 6, . 359;
, 1840-1842. . XII, . 269-290; , . 98-99.
27
, 1840-1842. . XII, . 284.
28
. 1840-1842. . XII, . 291.
29
, . 293-294.
30
, . 53. .: . . IX, . 436
440; , 1840-1842. . XIII, . 335-349. . : , 3, .
18.
31
, 18401842. . XII, . 298.
.: , . 297-314; . . IX, . 346-348; , . 53-54;
, . 316320; , . 9899.
32
, 1840-1842. . XII, . 307-308.
33
. . IX, . 348.
34
9 (.: ,
1840-1842. . XII, . 332-341). 14
( . . XIII, . 350
354). .: . . XII, . 317326, 330
332. 15 , ,
. 88 34.
35
, 1840-1842. . XII, . 326.
36
, . 321.
37
.: , 18401842. . XII, . 327. . :
, 1876, 6, . 360,
; , 3, . 2526.


1

, . 47.
.: , passim;
1841, . : , 1840-1842. . XII, . 289-290; . .
IX, . 269-278, 345-350, 377-381, 391-392, 395-398, 433-434.
3
. . IX, . 266-268.
4
.: , . 5456.
5
., .: .
// . . XIX, . 299 ( :
).
2


1845 . ( .
.. -.) , 1911, 1, . 110
(..).
7
. . IX, . 355.
8
.: , 1876, 6, . 359360.
9
.: . . IX, . 351362, 363389;
, . 330331; , . 58; .

454

(1843 ) // , I
1859, 2, . 389390 ( : ); , . 100. I
, I
.
10
. . IX, . VII-VIII; , . 332-333; , . 59;
, 2, . 390392; , . 100102; -, I .
20-21; MRE, , Russie, Tiflis, Vol. 1, ff. 97-101, Monnot-I Arbilleux to
Guizot, Tiflis, 18/6 April, 13/1 May 1842, 4, 5. I
11
- , -I
. I
12
. . IX, . 391-392; , . 59.
13
. . IX, . 373-375, 382-384; , . 335; , .
59-60; , 2, . 392393; , . 103.
14
.: , . 212213; . . IX, . 362366.
.:
, . 333, 335-336.
15
.. // , 1881, 4, . 436 (
: }. .:
- // , 1856, IV, . 565-581;
, 4, . 310-311; . . IX, . XV-XVI.
16
, .338341, 342343; , . 61; ,
2, . 393-394.
17
, . 344; , . 63; , 2, . 394
395.

18

. . IX, . 384-385, 388-390; . : , . 6364; , 2, . 395-396; , . 103-105; MRE, ,


Russie, Tiflis; Vol. I, ff. 104104, Monnot-Arbillcux to Guizot, Tiflis, 11
July/June 1842, 7.
19
, . 105.
20
.: . . IX, . 390-395.
21
.
, , ,
, ,
, .
, . 377380.
22
, . 6571. . : Baddeley, pp. 356359. .
: . . IX, . 390-392, 440-444; , 3, . 15-17;
, 1876, 6, . 360361; , 2, . 396398; , . 105107; MRE, , Russie, Tiflis, Vol. 1, ff. 102-107,
la Chapelle to Guizot, 24/12 June, 11 July/29 June, 29/17 August 1842,
6, 7, 8 ; PRO, FO/65/282, Bloomfield to Aberdeen*,
St. Petersburg, 2 July 1842, 25, FO/65/ 286, Yeames to Aberdeen,
Odessa, 22 July 1842, 3; Leipziger
455
.

Allgemeine Zeitung, 10 August 1842 ( 222), p. 2358 (/,


), . 2618, von Gaertringen Arehive.
.:
//
, 1890, 3, . 346347.
, ,
, : ,
. .. 1858 .
. . III, . 424.
.
.
23

, I -
. , . 236.
24
. . IX, . 393-395.

25

, . 6768; , 3, . 17; []-[] .


// , 1869, 6, .
1051; , . 107.
26
. . IX, . 444-445, 278.

., .,:
.
//
, . 312 ( : . ).
2

, . 313--314.

, . 360361.
,
, 3, . 17.
5
, . 345347.
6
, . 362.
7
, . 352353.
8
, . 352.
.: , . 353356.
9
., .: . . IX, . 137, 350-351.
10
, . 352.
11
. . IX, . XXIV.
12
. 1844- // . . VII,
. 159 ( : , 1844).
13
. . 1843
. , 1872, 7, . 216 ( : );
, . 361363; . 1843- //
. . VI, . 16 ( : , 1843).
4

456

14
15

366.

, . 531 I; AKAK. . IX, . 744747.


, . 394401; , 1876, 6, . 365

16

.
. PRO, FO/78/564, Guarracino to Canning,
Batoom, 18
November, 16, Canning to Aberdeen,
Buyukdery, 9 December 1844, 275.
17
, . 222; MRE, CPC, Russie, Tiflis, Vol. I, f. 142,
Castillon to
Guizot, 2 July 1842, 16.
18
: . . IX, . 754756;
,
. 368-374, 378-391; , 1843, . 49-53; , . 216-217;
, . 112.
19
Buddeley, p. 364.
.: , 3, . 5154, , ,
1843, III, . 1416.
.:. 1843 //
, 39, . 811 ( : + ).
20
.
21
,
120 1520 (, . 116).
22
.: , . 460468; , 1843, . 55,
61, 63-65; , 3, . 1718, 2225; , . 217, 223, 235
236; , 3, . 26; , 1876, 6, . 366; ,
. 113-116; -, . 22-23; , 39, . 11-13; MRE, CPC,
Russie, Tiflis, Vol. I, ff. 155156, Castillon to Guizot, Akhti, 27
September 1843, 20.
23
AKAK. T. IX, c. 757-758, 767-774; , 3, . 18-22;
, 1843, . 56-57, 59-60; , . 219-223; , 3, . 2627;
, 1876, 6, . 366; Baddeley, p. 366; , . 116;
, 39, . 13.
, ,
. ,
.
24
, 1843, . 6669; , 3, . 2832; , .
233-235; , 1876, 6, . 366367; , 39, . 14;
MRE, CPC, Russie, Tiflis, Vol. I, ff. 5960, Castillon to Guizot, Khouba,
6 October 1843, 21. .
25
AKAK. T. IX, . 758; , . 460-468; , 1843, . 7081; , 3, . 3346; , . 236250; , 3, . 27
29; , 1876, 6, . 366367;

-
(. .. ) // . .
XVIII, . 356362; , . 117119; 457
.

, . 23-25; , 39, . 1416; MRE, CPC, Russie, Tiflis,


Vol. I, ff. 159-160, Castillon to Guizot,Tiflis, 29 October 1843, 22;
Bresslauer Zeitung, 9 September, 3 October 1843 ( 211, 231), c. 1648,
1888 ( ).
26

.: . . IX, . XXVII.
.: , 1843, . 112122; ,
4, . 328-334; , . 263; , 48, . 10-11.
28
. . IX, . 759-763; , 1843, . 84-95; ,
4, . 305322; , . 119120; -, . 25; ,
39, . 17. -
. - . . IX, . 758-759, 765-766, 775-776, 780
781; , 1843, . 102112; , 4, . 330331.
29
. . IX, . 763764; , 1843, . 9598;
, 4, . 322325; , . 250260; , 3, . 31
32; -, 1876, 6, . 367368; , . 120121;
, 39, . 17-18.
30
. . IX, . 765-766; , 1843, . 28-101; ,
4, . 325328, 334335; , . 260261; .
21- 1843 (
) // , 1869, 7, . 59; , . 121; ,
39, . 18-20, 40, . 10-11.
31
. . IX, . 879-881; , 1843, . 123-127; ,
4, . 336-337.
32
.: , 1843, V, . 1718
33
, . 432. .: . . IX, . XIX.
34
, . 430. . : , . 256.
35
. . IX, . 764-765, 766-777; , . 267; , 1843, .
127128; , 4, . 338345; , 1876, 6,
. 368-369.
36
, 1843, . 128130; , 4, . 345348;
, 1876, 6, . 369-370.
37
, 1843, . 130.
27

38

: 1) , ,
(), ,
, , , , , , -,
, (), , ; 2)
() ; 3)
, ; 4) ,
; 5) - .: , 1843,
. 424428, VIII , VIII ; : , . 423.
.: , 4, . 12-13.
39
. . IX, . 776-777; , 1843, . 130137;
, 5, . 314318; , . 437438; , 4, .
13-18;
458

., 1876, 6, . 370371; , . 121


122; , 48, . 12-14, 49, . 12-13.
40
, 1843, . 137. 2000 5
, , 4700 6 .
41
.: , 1843, IX, . 25
28. , (. 456
457),

. 445446. ,
, .
42
, . 447.
43
, . 449. ,
( ),
20 .
44
, . 450-451. . : . . IX, . 781783, 784-788; , 1843, . 137-138; , 5, . 318-330;
, . 267269; , . 439454; , 4, . 1821;
, 1876, 6, . 371372; , , 1876,
3, . 9394; , . 122; -, . 26-27; , 49, . 14;
MRE, CPC, Russie, Tiflis, Vol. I, ff. 161-166, Castillon to Guizot, 29/17
November, 6 December/14 November 1843? 23, 24.
45
,
- //
, 5, . 329. . : , . 454457.

46

Baddeley, p. 372. --,


, .: . . IX, . 787789;
. .
// , 1873, 6, . 835838 (
: )', , 1843, . 149150, 152156, 161 164;
, 5, . 333-339, 346-347, 349-353; , . 269-271, 281,
285-286, 289, 302-305; , 4, . 21-32; , 1876,
6, . 372373; , . 122-123, 124 125; MRE, CPC, Russie, Tiflis,
Vol. I, ff. 167-169, Castillon to Guizot, 11 December 1843, 25.
.
.: , . 364368; , 1843, . 150151;
, 5, . 131; , . 125126; , 49, . 15.
.: .
(1843 ). // . . I, . 215-235; . . IX,
. 792-797; , 1843, . 180198; , 5, . 349; .
// , 7 [19] 1853 ( 74), . 321323;
, . 470; , . 123124; , 49, . 15.
459
.
47

( 5, . 335),
, - ;
,
.
48
, . 817-827; , 1843, . 156-161, 164-170;
, 5, . 339-345; , . 123; , 49, . 1516; MR ,
Russie, Tiflis, Vol. I, f. 170, Castillon to Guizot, 14 Decemb 1843, 26.
49
AKAK. T. IX, c. XXIX.
50
, . 827-834, 838-839; AKAK. . IX, . 790-792, 793-79
, 1843, . 174; , 5, . 366371; , . 12 ,
49, . 16-17.
51
. . IX, . 795796; , 1843, . 174180;
4, . 371-376; , . 305-308, 311; , . 124, 12. , 49,
. 17-19; MRE, , Russie, Tiflis, Vol. I, ff. 171-178, Castillon to Guizot,
18? 28 December 1843, 5, 13 Januai 1844, 27, 28, 29, 30 ;
PRO, FO/65/294, Yeam< to Aberdeen, Odessa, 10, 20 December 1843, 1,
2, FO/65/291 Yeames to Rothesay, Odessa, January 1844, 1.
52
, . 125.

53

, 1843, . 206-207; , 49, . 19.


, 1843, . 139.
55
,
[ ]
, 3, . 19. ,
13 1843 .. ..
. , . 2021, , . 240.
56
, 1843, . 204-206.
57
. . IX, . 797-798, 805-808; , . 430-438;
1844, . 172-176.
54

, . 393394; , 1844, . 158 I, .

, . 157.
.: Baddeley, p. 379.
, 1844, . : Baddeley, p. 380.
, . 444.
, 1844, . 158159, . : Baddeley, pp. 379380.
.: . . IX, . 822, 851-822, 857.

375
3
4
5
6
7

460

-., . 1845 //

, 1859,

5,
, . 3 ( : ).
9
Baddeley, . 382. . : . . IX, . 748-749, 808-811,
816-818, 820-822; , 1844, . 157-169.
10
, . 159160, . : Baddeley, p. 380.
11
., .,: , . 19.
12
.: Pinson Marc. Russian Expulsion of Mountaineers from
the Caucasus, 18561866 and Its Historical Background. Demographic
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( , , 1970).
13
. 34. . : . . IX, . 841-844.

14

. . IX, . 883-886; , . 468-469.


.: . . IX, . 815816, 881
883; , . 231; , 1844, . 222-226.
16
, . 457460.
. - . . IX, . 811-815, 818-820, 822;
, . 453455; , 1844, . 176183; , . 126-128.
17
, . 457460.
18
. . IX, . 822-832; , 1844, . 183-198.
19
. . IX, . 841-844; , . 477; , 1844, . 240242, 246248. .: . . IX, . 834-841;
, . 477478; , 1844, . 198204, 242246; .
- : 5- 1844
. , 1846, . 2127.
20
. . IX, . 841-844; , 1844, . 248-250.
, ,
. . . IX, . 736 739.
21
, . 849, 852-853; , 1844, . 265-266.
22
. . IX, . 844-851, 853-857; , 1844, . 204-213, 252260; -, . 2829.
23
, .
., . . IX, . 849-851.
24
.: .
, 1897, 8, . 4 ( :
).
25
. . IX, . 857-865; , 1844, . 265-266.
: ,
, (, 8, . 5).
.: . . IX, . 874876, 886-888;
, 1844, . 267-269.
26
.: . . IX, . 871874;
, . 481-483 , 1844, . 339-360.
15

461
.

27

. . IX, . 886; , 1844, .284310; .


( ) .
, 6 [18], 8 [20] 1894.
28
, 10, . 6. . : , , 1876,
3, . 95. :
, , .:
-. . V, . 207.
29
., .: , 1876, 6, . 375,
1844 .
30
[ ] ;
;
. , 10, . 6
31
(
, 1855, 10, . 202212, )
1844 .: 1) ,
, ; 2) ; 3)
.
32
.. -, . 44.
:
, , !..
, *.
.: . . X, . XVII;
.. -
. ., 1858 ( : ); Waid Alexander.
Kurze Biographic der Fiirsten Michail Simeonowitsch Woronszow.
, 1863 ( : Wald].
33
.. . (
1846 1848 ) // , 1917, 2,
. 175 ( : ).
34
. . VI, . 231-250, 279-280; , . 2-7, 9-11,
16-17; [ ..] 1845 .
.. - // , 1906, 11, . 1319 (
: ).
35
. . X, . 362364; [ ..]
. . 1845 1854 .
. . V, . 7478 ( :
).

* , (1824 .)
, ,
. .: .. , 1957. . II, . 185. - . .

462

36

1845 .:
. . IX, . 876877; , . 492497; , . 236244: 254-268; . . VI, . 250-261, 270-277, 286, 396-419;
, 1906, 11, . 20-23; , . 11-14; , . 133-136.
37
1845 .
.
: . . X, . 364377, 380381, 385
391, 396-418; , . 245-246, 252-254; Austria, Haus-, Hoffund Staatsarchiv ( : HHSA), Toskana, 66/Varia Vorontsov
to Marechal Marmont, Tiflis, 10/22 December 1845; MRE, PC, Tiflis,
Vol. 2, ff. 45-54, Castillon to Guizot, Tiflis, 4/16 May, 8 August/27
July, 16/28 September 1845, 4, 5, 6, CPC, Turquie, Erzeroom, Vol.
2, ff. 137-138, 156-157, Clairambault to Guizot, Trebizonde, 20 July, 9
September 1845, 12, 16; PRO, FO/78/613, Brant to Aberdeen,
Erzeroom, 13 March, 12 June, 11 July, 1 October 1845, 4, 8, 11,
12, FO/60/117, .Abott to Aberdeen, Tabreez, 7 July, 6, 29 August, 5
September, 3 November 1845, 14, 16, 17, 18, 24, Abott to Sheil,
Tabreez, 14, 25 July 1845, 49, 51; FO/65/315, Yeames to
Aberdeen, Odessa, 21 March, 30 June, 26 September 1845, 2, 3, 4
( : Gammer M., Vorontsov's 1845
Expedition against Shamil: A British Report, Central Asian Survey,
Vol. IV, 4 [Autumn 1985], pp. 1333 ( : Gammer);
, ,
, , , 1984 . ( :
),
, , 27 /3 , ,
18/30 , 9, 12, [?] , ., 3/14 [sic!]
1845; .. . ( . . .
.). . I. .. . , 1913, . 137,
6061, 6366, 213 ( : ); [ .]
1845 . 25
1845 . .
( . . ). . 1,

., 1871, . 312316 ( : ); , 8, .
714; . (1845 .). (
) // . . II, . 117
141 ( : ); , . 7879;
[ ..]
. , 1890, 2, . 162
183 ( : );
. . XXXVI, , 189ff; . 256270;
1845 . , 1855, 4, .
II, ,
463
.

. 2744; , . 136150; -, . 2932;


Andrzejkowicz Michal Witowt. Skice Kaukazu. Warsaw, 1859, pp. 55180
( : Andrzejkowicz); Benckendoff Constantin. Souvenirs
Intimes d'une Campagne an Caucase Pendant I'Ete de 1845. Paris, 1858
( : Benckendorff); .
// , 1864, 7, . 189230 (
: ); -. . VI, . 92160, 208
215; [ ..] 1845 . .. //
. . III, . 251375 ( : );
, 2, . 171 177; , . 2531; ..
: 1845 // ,
1890, 6, . 249278 ( : ); , 1906, 11, . 134, 12, . 15-52, 1907, 1, . SI-64, 2, . 142, 3, . 128, 4,
. 1646; . // , 1846, .
410411; Baddeley, pp. 385410; , 1876, 6, . 376
380; , . 220248; , , 1876, 4, . 418
423.
38
bataille en
chimere (. ) , . 193.
39
.: , . 32; , 1876, 6, . 377.
40
, 1907, 4, . 44, 45. :
7940, 1218,
342 . , . VI, . 328.
41
, . 263.

42

, . 209, . : Baddeley, pp. 397398. . :


, 1907, 2, . 16; , . 124.
43
, . 42; . . VI, . 333.
44
, . 136.
45
Gammer, . 30. .: . . X, .
377 380, 381-385, 391-396; . . VI, . 431-467; , 1906,
12, . 38, 1907, 4, . 3234; , . 39; , . ISO-151.
.: . . VII, . 387419; , 1906, 12,
. 36-38, 1907, 4, . 32-34; , . 37-39; .
. 6- 1845 // , 1846, . 306
311.
46
.: . . VI, . 424427, 467476; , . 490492.
47
.: , . 262; Benckendorff, p. 36.
48
-. . VI, . 109.
49
. . X, . 867-868.
50
, . 35.
51
Benckendorff, p. 9; . . VI, . 289; , . 16;
Gammer, . 35.
52
. (. . VI, .
283
464

284, 281282) ( , 26 [7
] 1845, 2, . 163-165).
53
, . 7677; . . VI, . 283
284, 289 290; , 1906, 11, . 23-26; , 1936, 3 (27),
. 15; Gammer, p. 15.
54
, . 14191420.
55
, . : . . VI, . 281
282; , 26 [7 ] 1845, 2, . 163165.
56
, . 501502.
57
, . 137.
58
, . 138.
59
, . 139.
60
, . 36; Benckendorff, p. 90.
61
Idid. . : Gammer, p. 20.

62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75

, . 139-140.
, 1907, 1, . 37.
Gammer, p. 20.
Idid; , . 140.
, 1907, 1, . 40; 1907, 2, . 2.
, . 140-141.
, . 201; Benckendorff, p. 121.
Idid, . 118.
Idid, . 121.
, 1907, 2, . 2.
, . 202; Gammer, p. 23; , . 259.
, . 85.
Gammer, p. 20.
, 1907, 2, . 199.

. 1846 .
. . XIV, . 474-598. . XV, . 453-456, 481-505. . XVI, .
279-293 ( : 1846 ), MRE,
PC, Russie, Tiflis, Vol. II, ff. 7578, Castillon to Guizot, 14/2
February, 7/19 March 1846, 5, 6; Baddeley, p. 411-412.
2
AKAK. T. X, c. 421-422; 1846. T. XVI, c. 312-314.
3
Baddeley, p. 415.
4
. . Ill, ., 1910, . 350351. . :
, 1840-1842. . XI, . 188.
5
. . IX, . 147-152; , 1840-1842. . XI, . 188.
465
.
6
7

, . 189.

, . 220.
, 1843, . 48-49; . . Vil, . 442443.
9
MRE, , Russie, Tiflis, Vol. I, f. 139, Castillon to Guizot, 22
May 1843, 13; , 1843, . 48.
10
, 1843, . 49; . . VII, . 442443.
8

11

, 1906, 11, . 26.


, 1844, . 308.
13
. . VII, . 423426, 432437, 439440, 442
451, 454-455, 459461, 463465; ..
// . . III, . 125129. .
(Mackie, pp. 266271).
14
: . .
X, . 578586; , . 504510; MRE, CPC, Russie, Tiflis, Vol.
II, ff. 79-98, 103-11, Castillon to Guizot, 15/22 April, 2, 7, 10, 16, 20, 25
May, 8/20 September 1846; PRO, FO/65/321, Bloomfield to Aberdeen,
St. Petersburg, 23, 26 May 1846, 84, 87, FO/65/325 Yeames to
Aberdeen, Odessa, 10 June 1846, 1, FO/78/653 Brant to Aberdeen,
Erzeroom, 4 July 1841, 17; 1846. T. XVI, c. 312-351. T. XVII, c. 175186, 192-196, 209-214; .
1846 . //
. . IV, . 1937 ( : , };
, 2, . 177180; , 1936, 3 (27), . 16; Baddeley, pp.
411426; , . 152153; -, . 35-36.
15
1846. . XVI, . 336337. ,
:
. ,
21 ,
, . 313.
16
,
21 1846 ., .: , . 304.
17
,
1846,
.
18
Baddeley, pp. 416417.
19
Ibid, p. 421. .: 1846. . XVI, . 345; , , .
31-32.
20
1846. . XVI, . 341342 (. : Baddeley, p. 422).
21
Baddeley, p. 421.
22
1846. . XVI, . 343.
23
, . 346. , , ,
,
(. , . 30).
12

466


24

Baddeley, p. 424. .: 1846. . XVI, . 347-348;


. , . 30.
25
1846. . XVI, . 348.
26
Baddeley, p. 425.
27
1846. . XVII, . 184. ,
e, :
. XIX . ( .
.. .) , 1956, . 261-270, 300-305.
28
1846. . XVII, . 184-185.
29
. . XVI, . 321'.
30
. . XVII, . 180, . 183. . XVI, . 324.
31
Curtiss John Shelton. The Russian Army under Nicholas I, 1825
1855. Durham, N.C., 1965, p. 301.
32
, 2, . 175.
33
Baddeley, p. 417.
34
1846. T. XVII, c. 179.
35
AKAK. T. X, c. 418-419.
36
, . 528529; MRE, CPC, Russie, Tiflis, Vol. II, ff.
112-113, Castillon to Guizot, 30 September/12 October 1846, 17;
1846. T. XV, c. 456-458. T. XVII, c. 186-190.
37
,
, : 1846. . XVI, . 304.
3S
AKAK. T. X, . 432441; , . 529531;
, . 82; .. . . ..
. , 1871, 1, . 104-108; MRE, CPC,
Russie, Tiflis, Vol. II, ff. 115-118, Castillon to Guizot, 9, 18 November
1846, 19, 20; PRO, FO/60/139 Abott to Palmerston, Tabrecz, 3
April 1847, 9; 1846. T. XIV, c. 529-548; Kapaxu, c. 153-154; , . 3234.
39
, . 8082; ,
, 1 [13] 1846, 2, . 193-194; 1846. . XV, . 456478. . XVI, . 293-310; , 2, . 181-186; MRE, CPC, Russie,
Tiflis, Vol. II, ff. 99111, Castillon to Guizot, 23 June, 7 July, 8/20
September 1846, 14, 15, 16.
40
Baddeley, p. 426; 1846. T. XIV, c. 552-553.
41
.: AKAK. T. X, c. 441-444.

42

, , , 27
1846.

467

, 2, . 181, 171; ,
. : . . VI, . 379390 ( :
).
2
, . 79; , . 249.
3
. . X, . 311-333.
4
. . X, . 318-319; , 2, . 189,
193.
5
, 2, . 186187, 188189; .
1848 . . . IX,
. 447449 ( :
).
6
- .
// , 1847. . II, . 134
135; .. . 1847 .
// . . VI, . 479480
( : , 1847), , 2, . 197
198.
7
, , 1876, 4, . 424; , 1936, 3
(27), . 1617, 4 (28), . 1920.
.: HHSA, Russland III. 139/Konv. II, Calloredo to
Meternich, St. Petersburg, 8 February/27 January 1847, 5; Benningsen,
Un Temoignage Francais sur Chamil ct les Guerres de Caucase, Cahiers
du Monde Russe et Sovietique, Vol. VII, 4 (October-December 1965),

pp. 311322; .. (24


18444 1846). -, 1936, 5, .
105-123; 1846. . XIV, . 445-451.
8
, . 384. .: , 2, . 182.
9
.
10
, . 382.
11
.: . . X, . 468-469.
12
, . 519520, 521522, 525527;
, . 82. . : , . 486488.
13
, . 484485.
14
,
, -
// , 1847. . I, . 30-35.
15
, . 561563.
16
, . 385386;
. . II, passim; XIX
XX . . ( . .. .) .,
1969, . 910.
468

17

. . X, . 493-494; , , 1876, 12, .

480-487.
18

.: Rhinelander Lawrence Hamilton. The Incorporation of the


Caucasus into the Russian Empire: The Case of Georgia, 1801 1854.
( ,
, 1972.)
19
. . VI, . 427433, 481505;
, 2, . 175, 182.
20
, . 8082; , 2, .
193194; 1846. . XV, . 456-478.
21
. . X, . 471-474; , . 533; MRE, CPC, Russie,
Tiflis, Vol. II, ff. 121 133, Castillon to Guizot, 5, 16 January, 9
February, 6 March, 9 April 1847.
22
. . XI, . 349.
23
, 2, . 211.
24
. . X, . 471-474; . . IX, . 380-420;
, 2, . 214.

25

. . X, . 474.
, 3, . 331.
27
. . X, . 411412; , . 8990;
, 3, . 334335; ,
, , 2 [14] , ,
, 3 [15] 1848. 1
, .
28
., ., :
. . X, . 494. . XI, . 345-346.
29
, 3, . 335.
30
, , , 21
1849; , 3, . 344, 345, 348.
31
, . 349, 345.
32
, . 340, 344.
33
-. .
. , 1902, 2, . 4754
. 54 57 ( : -).
34
. . X, . 486499; , 3, . 353; .
1850 1851 . . . XII, .
348 358 ( : ).
35
. . X, . 499-501; , .358-366; -,
.54
36
-, . 54.
37
. . X, . 501-502; , . 366-377.
38
. . X, . 509-510; , . 407-412.
39
, . 1419.
40
. : , . 575.
469
26

.
41

1847 . .: . . X, . 471474;
, . 533534; //
, 1847. . I, . 109-112, 156-158, 180-182. 1, . 40-42, 5758; . . XI, . 357. 1848 . .:
. . X, . 470-471, 481-482; . . IX, . 406-407, 421443. . X, . 434-435, 444. . XI, . 433-441, 443-446, 449-460.

, 1, . 105.
. . X, . 442-443; , 1847, . 481-489; MRE,
, Russie, Tiflis, Vol. II, ff. 130133, Castillon to Guizot, 9 April
184, 6. ,
.
MRE, , Russie, Tiflis, Vol. II, ff. 152-159, Castillon to Guizot,
Paris, 22 September 1847.
3
, 3, . 340, 329.
4
, 2, . 207, 202.
5
, , ,

. , . 119200.
6
Baddeley, p. 429.
7
, 1847, . 499.
8
, . 483.
9
, . 513.
: . . X, . 450454; , . 8384;
, 2, . 207210; ..
(18471849). .
. IX, V, VII, . 45 ( : ,
); MRE, , Russie, Tiflis, Vol. II, ff. 137-140, Castillon to
Guizot, 18, 22 June, 17, 5 [sic!] July, 30, 31, 32, 33, ff. 146-147,
Lauxerrois to Guizot, 23 August, 3, ff. 152-159, Castillon to Guizot,
Paris, 22 September 1847; , 1847, . 512544
IVI; // ,
1847. . I, . 260261. . II, . 3940; , 3, . 328-334;
Baddeley, pp. 428-433; , . 158.
10
, 1847, . 515.
11
, . 520521.
12
.: , 1847, . 527
529; . : .. ,
1848 // ,
1849, III, . 4150.
2

470

13

, 3, . 330.
, 1847, . 521.
15
Baddeley, p. 432.
16
, 1847, . 534, 537.
17
Baddeley, . 433.
18
, 1847, . 543.
19
, 2, . 207. . ; . . X, .
14

453
454.
20
, . 83.
21
, 3, . 328.
22
, . 331332.
23
, . 333.
24
, 1847, . 541.
25
, . 549550; , . 84;
, 2, . 209-210.
26
: . . X,
. 454 468; , . 534545; , . 8488;
, 2, . 210212; , ,
IX, X, . 710, 11 12; ,
, , 20 ,
,
, 18/30 1847; //
, 1847. . II, . 49-51, 56-57, 9092; , 46, . 4662; , 1847, . 442666; , , 1876,
12, . 494; MRE, , Russie, Tiflis, Vol. II, ff. 148-151, 160-166,
Lauxerrois to Guizot, 30, 31 August, 8, 18 October 1847, 4, 5, 6, 7;
PRO, FO/78/751, Brant to Palmerston, Erzeroom, 18, 19 January
1848, 4, 5; Kapaxu, c. 158161; -, . 3637.
27
, 1847, . 551552.
28
, . 578.
29
, 46, . 47.
30
, , IX, . 7.
31
, 46, . 54.
32
, . 50. .:
. .V, ., 1911, . 203204.
33
, 1847, . 577.
34
, 46, . 51.
35
, . 8788; , 1847, . 607608;
, 4-6, . 50-51.

36

, 1847, . 607608; , . 160.


, . 652, 656.
38
, . 545555; ..
. 1848- .
. . . VII, . 482483 (
:
471
37

, 1848); MRE, , Russie, Tiflis, Vol. II, ff. 184185,


Lauxerrois to Guizot, 17 December 1847, 14, CPC, Turquie, Erzeroum,
Vol. Ill, ff. 106113/Barriere to Guizot, 26 April 1848, 7.
39
, 79, . 11.
40
, 1848, . 485, 487.
41
: . . X, .
474 480, 481, 482484; , . 570574; , .
90; , 3, . 339; ,
, , 2 1848; , 1848, . 481
536; ..
1848 . .
. I, ., 1869, . 5073 ( : ); .
. .
. . I. ., 1885, . 2544 ( : ); , 79, . 12-22; MRE, CPC, Russie, Tiflis, Vol. II, ff. 212, 217-218,
Lauxerrois to Guizot, 26 July, 2 November 1848, 28, 29; PRO,
FO/78/792, Brant to Palmerston, Erzeroom, 16 January 1849; Kapaxu, c.
161-162.
42
, 79, . 13.
43
, . 14; , . 57; , . 30; , 1848, .
498, 502-503, 504.
44
, . 33-34.
45
, . 33.34.
46
, 1848, . 509515; , 79, . 1314;
, . 36.
47
, 7-9, . 15.
48
, . 36.
49
, 1848, . 518.
50
, 79, . 15.
51
, 1848, . 518.

52

, 7-9, . 15.
.
54
, 3, . 340341, 344, 349; ..
. 1849- . .
. . VIII, . 252257 ( : ,
1849).
55
, 3, . 341.
,
// , 1849, .
252-253, 256-257.
56
: . . X, .
494495; , 3, . 353; , :
53

472

,
.
166;

..

1849 .
. . I, ., 1869, .
107125 ( : , 1849.
); , 1849, . 250
295; , . 6376; , , 1877, 2, . 565;
.. // -
, 6, , 1950, . 912; , . 169174; , . 3839.
57
, 1849, . 261.
58
, 1849, . 108.
17 57 .
59
, . 109110.
60
, 1849, . 268.
61
, 1849, . .
62
. . X, . 494-495.
63
, 1849, . 242.
64
.: , 1936, 3, . 17-18, 4, . 20.
65
, 2, . 210.
66
, , ,
18/30 1847.
67
, 1848, . 536.

68

. . X, . 479-480, 481; , 1848, . 536-538;


, 3, . 340.
69
.: , , 1876, 4, . 426427.
70
, 3, . 340; . . X, . 491-493.
71
, 3, . 341.
72
.
73
. . X, . 493, 495496; . . VI, . 23,
.
74
, 1849, . 241, 242.
75
, 1840-1842. . X, . 267.


1

. . X, . 468; , . 283; //
, 1847. . I, . 2728; , 1847, .
492504.
2

, . 496.
, ,

. .: , 2, . 185, 205.
473
.
3

-. 1850-

// . . VII, . 618 ( :
, 1850).
4
.:
( . . .
...) .;., 1936 ( :
). . I, . 67-69.
5
.: ..
( ).
. . VII, 54 .
6
, . 1481 1482.
7
.: . . I, . 6970.

, . 7075.
(. , . 7579), .
9
. . IX, . XXX.
10
, 1850, . 618619, -. . VI, .
4647; .. -
XIX .
. , 1934, . 115;
, , 1876, . 84-86, 1877, 2, . 545-549.
11
Baddeley, p. 384.
12
: . . IX, .
729732, 734741, 865-867; , . 478480;
. . I, . 8081; , . 232234; , 1844, . 310 339;
. . VI, . 262263, 266267.
13
: . . IX, . 730.
14
. . VI, . 262-263.
15
, . 1451.
16
. . X, . 347-348; . . I, . 81-83;
. . VI, . 267-270. . VII, . 394.
17
Baddeley, p. 384.
18
, . 14441445.
19
, , . 157.
20
, . 161.
21
, 1850, . 619; , , 1877, 2,
. 531.
22
, , . 168169.
23
: . .
X, . 352353, 445450; , , . 174216
VI; , 1847, . 504512; MRE, CPC, Russie,
Tiflis, Vol. II, f. 136, Castillon to Guizot, 6 June 1847, 29;
, , . 621; , , 1877, 2, .
531.

474

24
25

, , . 187188.
. : , , . 204.

26

, . 509.
, 1847, . 509510; , , . 211.
28
, .: ,
VI.
29
:
// , 1847. . II, . 40; ,
1847, . 552553; , , . 219245
XII.
1847 .
30
. . X, . 468.
31
, . 469470; , 1847, . 667682.
32
:
.. , 1
1815 //
. . XIX, . 371-427; . . X, . 490-493; , .
578; 1848 . ,
1860, 3, . 1342; , . 92;
, 3, . 340344; -.
. 1848- // . .
VI, . 683727 ( : , 1848),
( . 683), ,
,
.
7, . 3576,
. ,
. , 1012, . 1332;
. //
, 20 [1], 20 [2 ] 1851, 15, 18; ,
1848, . 542612; , , . 283299; , . 46
58; , . 162169; -, . 3738.
33
, 1848, . 550551.
34
, . 578.
(. 162), .
35
, 1848, . 703.
36
, 1848, . 558.
37
, 3, . 343.
38
, 1850, . 621.
39
, , . 294.
40
, 1848, . 609.
27

41
42

, . 556557.
, 1848, . 688.
475
.

43
44
45
46

, 1012, . 16, 17.


, 1848, . 694.
, 10-12, . 17; , . 53.
7. , . 57; , 1848, . 707, 719720, 722

723.
47

, 3, . 343344.
, . 52.
49
, 1848, . 702703.
.: , 1012, . 1920.
50

,
// . . X, . 491493.
,

- // , 1848, . 725727.
51
, , . 564.
52
, . 172.
53
, 3, . 341; , , .
292; , 1848, . 555, 559, 609; . . X, . 490-491;
, . 92; . . V. ., 1911,
. 204.
54
, , . 265.
55
.: . .
X, . 480-481; , . 566-570, 574-575, 583-585; , .
285, 288289, 290295, 296308; , , . 255
304 XIII.
56
: . . IX, . XXX-XXXI; .
(1847). //
, 1877, 5, . 3741; , , 1876: 12, .
500-501, 1877, 1, . 163-164.
57
, , . 307, 315316.
58
, . 308309; , , . 307324.
48

59

.:
, , . 325335. 16
59 .
60
1849 .
.: , , . 335364.
61
.: , . 594597; , . 314315, 317322;
, 1850, . 622724; .. //
, 1854, 11, . 1920 ( : 10 );
, , 1877, 3, . 85-87, 89-90.
62
.: , 1850, . 623624, 646647;
, . 104; , , 1877, 3, . 9.
63
.: , 1850, . 624
643. . : , , 1877, 3, . 94113, 126
135.
476

: , . 597
598; , 3, . 361; 10 , . 1923.
64
, . 598601; , 1850, . 643646.
65
.: . . X, . XXVIII. . XI, . X.


1

, 2, . 162. . : , . 50

51.
2

, , VII.
, 3, . 336.
4
.
5
, . 94.
6
., .: , 1850, . 641.
7
.: . . X, . 502505; , 3, .
353, 354; Wl Georges [ ]. Ombres du Passe. Souvenirs
d'un Officier du Caucase. Paris, 1899, pp. 47, 67, 7490 (
: Ombres du Passe)', Kapaxu, c. 175.
8
, . 388389.
3

1850 .
, . ,
, 1851 .
. . .:
. . X, . XXVII; , . 9698, 105106;
, 3, . 354, 362; -. . V, . 203204.
10
,

( , . 385).
.: ..
12 28 1850 . // ,
1884, 9, . 576588; , . 98, 100104, 105;
, 3, . 359360, 362365; , ,
1877, 6, . 507-516.
11
, . 374377. .:
, . 98.
12
, 3, . 360; , . 382387.
13
, 3, . 360361; ,
. 99; . . X, . 506-509; , . 387-407.
14
, . 387.
15
, :3, . 361; , . 404405.
16
, . 98.
477
.
17

, 4, . 442443; , .
105 106; , . 1450; Ombres du Passe, . 113
125; . 1851 //
. . XIX, . 16. . XXI, . 2829 ( :
); , . 1761^7.
18
, 4, . 442443; , . 421
424.
19
, . 424; [ ..] ..
. 1851 // , 1892, 2, . 263267.
20
-
.: , . 424427, 471473, II;
, 4, . 442443; . . XXI, . 23
24.

21

. : Ombres du
Passe, . 122-125.
22
, . 1450.
23
, . 105.
24
. . X, . 511-519, 523-524; . . XIX, . 1737. . XXI, . 2251; , . 415421, 428451;
..
, 1851 1853. // , 1897,
7, . 424426 ( : .
).
25
. . XXI, . 21.
26
, 3, . 364; , .
1450. , , .
, 19 1852 .
(. 1852 . .// . .
XIII, . 558 ( : ).
27
. . XI, . 433.
^ (
, . 433-439).
28
.: . . X, . 510-511; . . XVIII, .
132-144.
29
. . X, . 517-518; . . XVIII, . 144155; , . 177; -, . 4041.
30
, . 603604; , 4, . 443, 444,
446; , . 107; . . XVIII, . 155
179; . 1852 1853 .
// . . IX, . 478 ( : , 1852
1853); , , 1877, 6, . 554558, 1878, 2, .
540-563; , . 177178; -, . 41.
31
. . X, . 544-545; 10 , . 35, 39-40; , 18521853, 486-494.
32
, 4, . 456457.
33
. . XVIII, . 182183. .: , . 304305
478

- .:
, . 284, 303-304, 370, 398.

34

. . X, . 519-523, 524-530, 538-540;


, . 108110; , 4, . 447, 454; .
.. .. .. -,
18521856 . // , 1884, 9, . 589592;
, . 4647; . -.
. .. , 1851 1852 . //
, 1881, 3, . 655-680; , , 1877, 6, . 518519, 1878, 2, . 574-581; . . XVIII, . 184-188. .
XXI, . 43-44; . - ( ) //
, 1870, 11, . 159187; 10 , . 2832;
. -; , . 178179; ..
- //
. . XL, I, . 5470; . - // . . Ill, . 7
49; - . - // , , 1934, 7, . 812; HHSA, . X. 34/Konv. VIII Lebzelder (?) to Schwarzenberg, St.
Petersburg, 3 January 1852/22 December 1851, 2, PA. X. 34/Konv.
IX, ? to Buol-Schanenstein, St. Petersburg, 29/17 May ^ 1852, 7.
- .:
, . 100, 647. . :
, . 370372.
35
. , 6, . 318; ,
. 483 484 . 613616; . . XI, .
317; .. 1852 //
. . V, . 2325 ( : , ).
36
. . XVIII, . 183-184; , 1852-1853, .
478.
37
. . X, . 536; , 1852-1853, . 478-486;
, . 39; , . 180181.
38
.: . . X, .
525; . . XIX, . 3839. . XXI, . 4749;
, . 451469; . .
// , 1888, 10, . 5274.
39
, , . 20. . : , . 213.
40
. . X, . 530537; , . 605610;
, 4, . 448449; Ombres du Passe, . 132142; ,
, . 8142; , . 452612; ,
, 6, . 317332.
41
, , . 8.

42

, . 442454.
, . 491; , , . 53.
44
, . 478.
[] ,
,
43

479
.

.
*, . ,
. 524.
45
, . 533.
46
, . 550.
47
, . 587588.
48
, . 576, 578, 580, 579, 601.
49
. , ,
,
. , . 593594, 608.
50
, , . 132.
51
. . X, . 437-438, 540-544, 545; , . 611614, 615-619; , . , 111; ,
4, . 453, 458459; Ombres du Passe, . 127130, 142143, 160
164; , , . 144228; . ,
7, . 426-436.
52
, , . 166.
53
, . 204.
.: Baddeley. Rugged Flanks, Vol. I, pp.
8485.
54
, , . 172.
55
Ombres du Passe (. 127129) ,
,

.
56
, , . 192.
57
.: . . X, . 545547, 549-551;
, 4, . 460461; .
1852 1854 .
. . XVI, . 352404 ( : ); Ombres du

Passe, . 172181; , , . 229234;


.., .. -.
, . III, . 4142 ( :
, ).
58
, . 377.
59
, 4, . 461.
60
.: , . 358361.


1

. . VIII, . 543544; . . XIV, . 103.


- -
.: . . XIII, . 307.
.
480

: . .
X, . 525530, - --
( : -); , . 357359, -
( : , 1842); , . 381386,
( : ); , . 401
408, ( : , 1843); ,
. 412423, (?) ,
1842 ( : );
, . 492497, (
: ); , passim;
( ) //
. . II, 18 . ( : ); ..
'' // , 1975,
. 168171, 331 ( : ); , 1843, . 42
48; , 1844, . 215217; // ,
1859, 9, . 121164; ..
// -, 1937, 56 (63-64), . 77
104 ( : ); .
( ). , 1934, 2 (36), . 30
75 ( : ).
3
, . 619620; ..
.. //
, 1970, . 209 ( : , ).
4
.: , . 449, 502, 510, 532, 545, 558-559, 585, 588591, 601, 604, 621, 625, 652-653, 658, 667, 672.
5
, ,
. , . 1417.
6
.: , , . 209210.
7
.: , . 492, 527, 598, 610; , , . 214;
, , . 38, 4041.
8
, . 126; . ,
// . .
VI, . 4 ( ) 2 (
).
9
.: , . III.
10
, . 628.
11
, . 383.
12
, . 10.

13

,

; .
14
, . 11.
481
.
15

.: , . 499501.
16
(. 88), .
17
.: , . 11,
.
18
, . 1398, 1399, 1521 1522.
19
- .
20
, . 1474.
21
.
22
,
. .
23
(Osada Twiardzy Achulgo, p. 18),
30- ,
.
24
, . 1450.
25
. . XI, . 309.
26
, . 227228; , . 13981400,
1521; , . 175; , 1859, . 365; , . 416.
27
., .: , 10, . 46.
,
, ,
,
. , 1857. . 1, . 404.
28
, . 227228; , 10, . 4546.
29
, . 416.
30
.:
, . 227228; , . 1399, 1400; , .
111 112;
Baddeley, Rugged Flanks, Vol. II, p, 35; , 1847 , 548-549
, 1858, . 571; , 1859, . 365.
31
, . 14-15.

32

. . VI, . 448.
( )
.: . . VI, . 448.
33
, 1849, . 145.
34
., .: , . 341342; , . 383384;
, . 97-98.
35
, . 384; , . 810, 1213.
36
.:
, . 19.
37

, . ., .:
, . 415-416; , . 99100.
38
-, . 74.
39
, . 1398, 1399.
40
., .: , . 384; . . VI, . 409.
482

41

,
1840 .,
[]. .: , . 375379.
42
-, . 75.
43
, . 384.
44
. . , 1862,
2, . 373 ( : . }; , . 200201, 214,
234235, 285, 288; , , 1876, 4, . 445.
(,
1840-1842. . XI, . 188-189).
45
., .: . , . 368, 377378.
46
(. 100),
,
,
.
47
. , . 331, 370.
48
.
.
. . XXXII, . 11; . , . 374376.

49

, . 368, 377378. , ,
, ,
. .: , . 653.
, , .
50
., .: , . 14.
51
. , . 368.
52
., .: , . 498, 604, 626.
53
, . 498.
54

,
, ,
. .: 1852, . 438. . 7.
55
, . 169; . , . 369370.
56
., .: . // , 1860,
7, . 199216.
.
57
, . 14.
58
, . 169; , 1843, . 403.
59
, . 14591460.
60
, . 23; , . 169; , . 9294.
61
, . 494-495, 499-501, 531-532, 560, 601-602, 619620; , 1843, . 404; , . 117.
62
, 1843, . 404.
63
, . 169, : , . 575.
64
, . 169.
483
.
65

, . 14.
. , . 378380.

. . : , . 385.
67
, . 117.
68
. , . 344354; , . 619.
69
. , . 342344.
70
, . 338-339.
71
, . 384.
66

72

, . 384-385.
.. .
. .;., 1937, . 104 ( :
); , . 231238.
74
. , . 385.
75
, . 384; , . 169.
76
. , . 345349.
77
., .: , , . 216.
78
., .: // , 1859, 10,
. 142.
79
, . 1398.
80
., .: , 1843, . 403; , . 414.
73

, . 63.
40- -
.:
, , . 8788. ,
. . :
, . 70.
3
, . 1401, 14521453.
4
, , . 353. . : , . 243.
,
.
5
.: , . 601602.
6
,
.
, 1844, . 272. . : . . VI, . 404.
7
, . 404.
.: , . 16.
8
. (. 419).
9
.: , 1843, . 403.
2

484


10

, . 241, 243-244.
., , (. 419420).
. : , , . 169170; , . 589, 575
578;.602-603; , 1840-1842. . XII, . 220-223; , . 312-313.
12
, . 14101412, 1414, 1424.
13
, . 1402; , . 413; , . 8387.
14
, . 1402, 14051407. ,
, . . 1407.
15
, . 385; , . 130; , . 242243;
, 1847, . 502503.
16
// , 30
1853, 40, . 103105. ,
, .: , . 372374.
17
, 1847, . 502-503.
18
Wagner Friedrich. Schamyl als Feldherr, Sultan und Prophet und
der Kaukasus. Leipzig, 1854.
Blanche (p. 125).
.:
A.M. // , 1988,
5 (), . 34.
19
, . 241242.
20
.:
, 1843, . 407-408.
21
., .: , 4, . 447; , . 111.
22
., .: . . X, . 494-497; 1850-1851, . 350-351;
: , , . 244255; , ,
. 212213; , . 502503, 587.
23
.
1854 // . . I, . 240241, 246247; ,
1854, . 542; , , . 249255; , 1840-1842. . XI, .
354.
24
., .: , . 13; , . 501, 531532, 560, 601
602, 619620; . . VI, . 397.
25
.: 1846. . XVI, . 303;
1851. . XVIII, . 153; , 1847, . 663664, 668; ,
1848, . 483485; , 1849, . 302; . . XI, . 317.
26
, 18401842. . XII, . 243; ..
.. . (
11


20 50- XIX .) // , 1971, .
166167 ( : '. ). ,
485
.

, .:
, . 1456. ,

.
27
. . XI, . 315.
28
, . 13.
29
. . VI, . 405-406.
30
.: ,
, . 178.
31
, . 7071; , 1847, . 663664, 668;
, 1848, . 483485. . : , .
1396. (. 3233 )
,
.
32
.: , . 502503, 587, 631; ,
3, . 341, 4, . 457; , 1849, . 302; ,
. 1451.
33
, . 175176; -, . 34; , .
1417, 1472; , 3, . 331; , 1848, . 484
485. ,
, ,
- -
, . ,
1848 . .
34
, . 1417. . : , . 17.
35
, . 1448.
36
, 1852, . 142144.
37
, 1840-1842. . X, . 319-320. . XI, . 205-208; 1852, .
435. . 5.

38

, . 1448.
.: .
( ).
, 1913, 6, . 770774.
39
, 1857. . II, . 376377; , 1858, . 567568. ,
, , ,
(.
(18491856) // , 1882,
5, . 222224 ( : . ).
-
// , 1858, . 583.
40
, 1840-1842, . 207-208; 198-199, 206.
41
. . IX, . 881; , . 232.
486

42

, 1858, . 583.

.: , , . 168170.
44

.: , . 1467.
45
, . 1448.
46
Ombres du Passe,
p. 200; , 1844, . 304, 417; 1846. . XV, . 494; 1852, . 529-530;
, 1852, . 174175; , 1858, . 526.
47
., .: , 1858, . 265290.
48
. 1846. . XVI, . 292; . . XI, . 317; ,
. 620-621, 668.
49
.: . . VI, . 228229, 267;
, . 15001503. : ,
. 3841.
50
. : , . 15001503.
51
., .: . . IX, . 369-372; , 1840-1842. .
XII, . 265267. . : , . 15021503.
52
, . 14861487.
53
,
, (..).
43

.:
. . XIII, . 251, 253. . XVI, . 459-460, . 261.
2
.: . . IX, . 147-148; 1851. . XIX, . 34-35.
3
.: , . 236.
4

.: , . 251252; , 18401842. .
XI, . 188-189.
5
, . 50. ,
- . (, . 239).
6
1846 . .: . . IX, . 261
263, 410416; , . 215; , . 417.
7
- .: . . IX, . 890, 897
901; , . 445-448, 451, 473-475; , . 215-216.
8
, . 480481, 483.
9
- .: , . 245252;
.. //
. . III, . 125129; . , . 5154.
10
. . IX, . 892.
11
. . X, . 590.

487
.
12

, . 560.

.: , . 286-287, 290; 1851. . XIX, . 34-35; , 1936, 4 (28),
. 22-23.
14
, . 15221523. ,
.
, ,
( -). .
15
,
.
13

16

.: . . X, . 268279,
590-591, 593, 621-624; , . 589-590, 593-594, 620, 652, 653-654;
, . 316-317; 1851. . XIX, . 34-35; Lapinski. Die Borgovolker der
Kaukasus. Hamburg, 1863, Vol. II, passim; . , . 5463.
17
. . XII, . 872.
18
Ombres du Passe, p. 191.
19
, . 200-201, 214, 285, 288.
20
, . 236.
21
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pp. 524535 ( : Boratav), , . 272274; PRO,
FO/78/613, Brant to Aberdeen, Erezeroom, 6, 24 November 1845, 14, 15,
FO/78/653, Brant to Aberdeen, Erezeroom, 8 January 1846, 3, FO/78/602,
Canning to Aberdeen, Constantinople, 24 November 1845, 269, FO/
78/642, Wellesley to Palmerston, Buyukdery, 1, 7, 18 August 1846, 4,
16, 17, 23 and annexed consular reports, FO/78/643, Wellesley to Palmerston,
Constantinople, 19 October 1846, 91; MRE, CPC, Turquie, Erzeroum, Vol.
II, ff. 165, 176177, Gamier to Guizot, Erzeroum, 24 October, 15 December
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22
, . 270-274.
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Bruinessen Maarten Maartinus. Agha, Shaikh and State: On the Social and
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., , - : , . 180, -: -, .
72-73.
25
, . 118; -, . 4243.
26
.: 1851. . XIX, . 3435.
488

27

(: )
662 .

- -.

28

.: . . VIII, . 599-600.

29

-
.:
. , . 166167. . : .
, . 210, 214, 215, 216; 1846. . XVI, . 303; 1851. . XVIII, . 199.
30

. , . 208, 211212; , . 498,

565.
31

. , . 162164.

.
. (18321859 .) // , 1912, 1, . 6679.
33
, . 291292.
34
-, . 18.
35
, . 1486.
36
, . 1398.
37
50- . .:
, . 102109.
38
-, . 18.
39
, . 329330. .
,
, . .: .
. XII, . 1167-1168; , . 356-360.
40

,
, .: . . IX, . 832834. . XII, . 139
143; , 6, . 407; . //
, 1906, 9, , 810811; , . 364368,
470471; B.C. . 50-
1853 //
, 1903, 9, . 62, 10, . 43; .
1853 // , 1868,
1, . 7. ( : .), , 46, . 54, 79, . 8
10; . . XI, . 327329; . , . 309310, 317;
Ombres du Passe, pp. 99108; .. (- .).
// , 1896, 6, . 10461047; ..
// . . VIII, . 249, 252253, 265
268, 270, 272, 275; -
32

// . .
XVIII, . 353381; ,
489
.

passim; 1850-1851, . 372-373; 1852. . XVIII, . 199; ,


1847, . 502503; , , . 22223; , passim.
41
.: . . X, . 281289.
42
. . .
(18491859) //
, 1911, 10, . 249-261, 1912, 1, . 64-79, 6, . 218225; -, . 4142.
43
Baddeley. Rugged Flanks, Vol. I, p. 55; . . X, . 415.
44
. .. - //

. . III, . 195198; . //
. . Ill, passim; Tsvi Kasday.
Mamlakhot Ararat. Odessa, 5672 (1912), pp. 13, 26, 31-32, 78-79.
45
., .: Rabbi Ya'agov ben Yitshaq Yitshaqovich [Yitshaqi],
Dr. Sharbat ben Nissim Anisimov. Sefer Toldot Yehudey Dagestan haMada'im ha-Nimtsa'im be-Harey Qawaqaz'ad Henna. Jerusalem, 5654
(1894), p. 14. , ,
.: Mordekhay Altshuler. Yehudey Muzzah Qawqaz, lerusalem, 5750
(1990), pp. 61-70.
46
., .: , . 213; . 217 .. . 409.
// , 1847. . I, . 2728; ,
1847, . 493495 (
27 1847 . . : , . 144,
, , ,
.
47
.: . . , 5632 (1872),
. 102104, ,
. : . . VIII, . 610 611,
, . . : Ya'agov
ben ha-Rav Yitshaq Yitshaqi. Igrotu- Te'udot me-Arkhiyon ha-Rav.
Jerusalem, 5734 (1974), pp. 810.
48
, . 610611; , . 1521 1522.

49

. , 3-
-,
// , 14 (26) 1853, 85, .
368.
50
1852, . 494; ..
. // , 1882, 11, . 267, 258, 270.
51
-, . 16.
52
- (: )
, * ,
* , , ,
. . .

490

,

.
53

.: . , . 57.

, . 422.


,
.
.: , . 591592. 1850,
, , 1830.
3
.: . , . 38
39.
4
.: , . 226-230, 367.
5
., .: , . 108111.
2

, ,
.: , . 614615. ,
, ,
, .: , . 311313.
, , , ,
, .: PRO, FO/78/702, Brant to
Palmerston, Erzeroom, 10 March 1847, 31, FO/78/679, Holmes to
Wellesley, Batoum, 3 December 1846, 7. ,
, , .:
FO/60/133, ff. 6669, Abott to Palmerston, Tabreez, 22 July 1847, 2.
7
.: , Vol. I, pp. 234-235, 127-131, document
42, Letter from the Sultan to the Daghestanis and Circassians (/);
, . 57, 1011.
8
. , . 61.
9
, . 422. . : , . 1521.
10
, . 226; , . 614615.
11
, . 575578, 585587.
,
.
12
, . 226.
.
. , , .
13
, . 290.

491
.

, , , .
, ,
.
14
MRE, , Turquie, Erzeroum, Vol. Ill, ff. 3134, Wiett to Foreign
Minister, 16 November 1848, 3. . : , ff. 104107, Wiett to
Foreign Minister, 4 March 1850, 21; KA, Vol. I, pp. 131, 236 document 43,
Memorandum by Dagistani Hasan Efendi, 1269 [1852-1853].
15
4 1850 .

16

.: --, . 23; , . 1449,

1521.
17

.:
. . X, . 336-338; , . 370-372, 625; , . 286287; , 1843, . 48.
18
, . 1484.
19
, . 247-252; PRO, FO/60/133, ff. 60-69, Abott to
Palmerston, Tabreez, 22 July 1847, 27.
20

.: , . 306, 428429; , 1843, . 48; , . 417,
421.
21
, . 421.
22
PRO, FO/60/133, Abott to Palmerston, Tabreez, 22 July 1847,
27, ff. 67-68.
23
.: , . 1521.
24
. : , . 1399, : , . 151; ,
1847, . 548-549.
25
.: ..
// . . II, .
3136. . : --, . 1718; , . 483; , .
215216.
26
. .:
. . VI.
27
.: . . XIII, . 279280, 285. ,
,
.
28
PRO, FO/60/147, Stevens to Palmerston, Tabreez, 5 January 1849, 2,
ff. 56-57.
29
.: , ff. 6367.
30
, . 563, 569; PRO, FO/60/140, Stevens to Palmerston,
Tabreez, 5 March, 5 May 1848, 4, 15, PRO, FO/65/349, Bloomfield to
Palmerston, St. Petersburg, 9 May 1848, 137.
31
Adamiyat, op. cit., p. 234.
32
. , . 54.
33
, . 80.
492

34

.:
Lesure Michel. La France et le Caucase a 1'Epoque de Chamil a la Lumiere de
Depeches des Consuls Fran9ais. Cahiers du Monde Russe et Sovietique,
Vol. XIX, 12, JanuaryJune 1978, pp. 5 65 ( : Lesure).
. : , XIX . // . , 1938,
4 (52), . 17-21, 5 (53), . 13-17, 7 (55), . 4-8, 10 (58), . 26-28,
1939, 1 (61), . 21-24, 2 (62), . 18-21, 5 (65), . 8-11.
35
,
. 1837 . ,
. . . VIII, . 767-769.
36

, .: Widerszal, op. cit.; . : , . 529;
. . VII, . 451452; Ombres du Passe, . 174175.
37
-

.: Danziger Raphael. Abd al-Qadir and the
Algerians: Resistance to the French and Internal Consolidation. N. Y., 1977,
p. 56.


1

, . 367.
. . X, . 92-100.
3
Ombres du Passe, p. 189.
4
., .: . . X, . 547-549, 551-553; , .
620, 622-624, 625, 626; , . 337; , 1852-1853, . 503.
5
: , . 341
350, 353363, 423424, 429430; , . 114117;
, 4, . 465; .
//
, 1870, 12, . 21492154; Struve Gleb. An AngloRussian Medley: Woronzows, Pembrokes, Nikolays and Others.
Unpublished Letters and Historical Notes. California Slavic Studies, Vol.
5 (1970), pp. 120121; , . 5960; B.C.
. 50-
1853 // , 1903, 10, .
3161 ( : ); , . 130;
2

. -
1853 // .
493
.

. XI, . 499523 ( : ); , 1852


1853, . 503-521; , , 1878, 6, . 722-777; , .
181-182; -, . 45(-45; PRO, FO/78/955, Brant to Clarendon,
Erzeroum, 24 October 1853, 3, PRO, FO/78/940, Extract from Brant to
Redcliffe, Erzeroum, 10 November, appended to de Redcliffe to Clarendon,
Therapia, 24 November 1853, 356, FO/60/186, Stevens to Clarendon,
Tabreez, 24 September, 20 October 1853, 42, 45; HHSA PA XXXVII
107/Trapezunt, 24 March 1854, 225.
6
, . 508.
7
, 1852-1853, . 514.
8
, . 512.
9
, 9, . 5068, 10, . 2731, 36. . :
, , 1876, 4, . 433.
10
, . 2830. . : , 10, . 5960.
11
, 1852-1853, . 521.
12
, . 114117. . : , ,
1878, 6, . 727; , 4, .465; , . 337.
13
PRO, FO/78/955, Brant to Clarendon, Erzeroum, 17 October
1853, 3. . : FO/78/939, Redcliffe to Clarendon, Therapia, 25
October 1853, 313; , . 1444.
14
. . X, . 551-552; . : , Vol. I, cc. 132-133,
document 45, Draft of [Imperial] Letter to Shamil, 6 Muharram 1270 [9
October 1853]; Masayuki Yama'uchi. Sheikh Shamil and the Ottoman
Empire in the Period of the Crimean War Enlightened by the ATASE
Archives in Ankara. Orient (Tokyo), Vol. XXII (1986), pp. 146147,
document IV, Draft of a Letter to Shamil, October (?) 1853 (English
translation in idem, From Ottoman Archives, Central Asian Survey, Vol.
IV, 4 [1985], c. 9) ( : Yama'uchi); FO/78/955, Brant to de
Redcliffe, Erzeroom, 28 October 1853, 64,
, ,

. ,
, .: , . 1500.
15
, . 334-335, 337-338.
16
, . 368-386, 417-434; . . XI, . 618-619, 652.
17
. . X, . 551552; , . 652654; , .
397.
18
, . 421-244, 431-433.
19
.: , Vol. I, pp. 134-135, 239-240, document 46,
Abstract of Shamil's Letter to the Sultan, 22 JumadI al-Awwal 1270 [20
February 1854]; PRO FO/78/1026, Brant to Clarendon, Brant to Raglan,
Erzeroum, 8, 30 May 1854, 27, 2, FO/352/39/3, ff. 97-100, Williams
to de Redcliffe, Private, Camp near Kars, 7 October
494

1854, FO/78/1004, de Redcliffe to Clarendon, Therapia, 30


October 1854, 636, FO/78/1042, Williams to Hammond, 27
November 1854; MRE, CPC, Turquie, Trebizonde, Vol. I, ff. 217-219,
Poncharra to Walewski, Trebizonde, 2 June 1854; -, . 4748;
, . 1405, 1444, 1521.
.: Budak Mmtafa. 18531856 Kirim Harbi Baslarinda
Dogu Anadolu-Kafkas Cephesi ve Seyh Samil, KA, Vol. I, cc. 52-55 and
131-136, 236-241, document 43, 44, 42, Memorandum by Dagistani
Hasan Efendi 1263 [18521853], Memorandum, 4 Dhli al-Qa'da [9
August] and (Imperial) Decree, 8 Dhu al-Qa'da 1269 [13 August 1853],
Memorandum, 26 Sha'ban [24 May] and Imperial Decree, 27 Sha'ban 1270
[25 May 1854]. . : Sandwith. Hamphry. A Narrative of the Siege
of Kars and of the Six Months' Resistance by the Turkish Garrison under
General Williams to the Russian Army together with a Narrative of
Travels and Adventures in Armenia and Lazistan with Remarks on the
Present State of Turkey (London, 1856), p. 143.
20
AKAK. T. X, c. 549-551; Ombres du Passe, c. 187-189.
21
AKAK. T. X, c. 551-555; , . 629-630; , 18521853, . 496.
22
AKAK. T. X, . 555-557.
23
; , 4, . 467; O.K. .
( ) // , 19 [31] 1854, 6, . 21-23.

24

. . X, . 557560; , . 636644; .
1854 // .
. XI, . 525536 ( : , 1854).
25

1845 .
: . . X, . 560566. . XI, . 679682;
, . 633-636; , . 387-393, 403-410, 412-413, 418-419,
423-424, 429-432, 435-444, 394-396, 400-401; , . 9697, 100
102; . 1854
// . . I, . 237267; , 1854, . 537557;
, , 1878, 6, . 749 750; , . 1444;
, . 182186; -, . 4548; PRO FO/78/1207, Brant to
Clarendon, Erzeroom, 26 September 1854, 59, FO/60/196, Stevens to
Clarendon, Tabreez, 31 July [no ], 3 August 1854, 55.
: HHSA,
XXXVIII, 107/Trapezunt, 22 August 1854, 357, PA XXXVIII,
106/Odessa, 1 [13] August 1854, 817.
26
, 1854, . 544
.: , . 416417, 445446.
495
.
27

, 1850, . 635639, 644646.


.: . . X, . XXV.
28
.. .. //
, 1890, 1, . 8893 ( : );
, . 8586, 87, 8991.
29
.: . . X, . XXIX.
30
, ,
.
.: . . X, . 558559.
.: . ..
. , 1892, 4, . 514.
.: ..
, 18541856. // ,
1873, 10, . 599 ( : ).
31
, 1854, . 547-548.

32

PRO, FO/78/1207, Brant to Clarendon, Erzeroom, 26 September 1854,


54. . : , 1, . 9192; .
.. // , 1892, 4, . 510513;
. - ..
- // , 1892, 7, . 392393.
, ,
13 1855 .
. (.: , . 605.) ,

. .: //
. .
II, 1853, . 224-228; . . XI, . 950-962.
33
. .,
: The Eastern Question, pp. 47, 153157, 160, 202, 222 224, 364
366, 385, 443; ., . . . . ., 1955-1966, 2- ..
. IX, . 149, 337-425, 440-442, 449-453, 469-475, 491-496. . X, . 28-33, 289293, 521-526. . XII, . 294-297. . XVII, . 200-205. . XX, . 550. . XXX, .
335. . : Paul . Marx on Russians and Muslims. Central Asian
Survey, Vol. 6, 4, 1987, pp. 33-45.
34
-, . 48.
35
PRO, FO/78/1026, Brant to Clarendon and to Raglan, Erzeroum,
8 and 30 May 1854, 27 and 2. ,
, , ,
. , . 397.
36
.: Alien W.E.D. and
Muratoff Paul. Caucasian Battlefields: A History of the Wars on the Turco496

Caucasian Border, 18281921. Cambridge, 1953, pp. 57102 (


: Alien and Muratoff).
37
PRO, FO/78/1026, Brant to Raglan, Erzeroum, 30 May 1854,
2.
38
Alien and Muratoff, pp. 7380.
39
, . 423-424, 429-432; -, . 48-49; . . XI, .
355-356, 371-372; , 1854, . 569-570.
40
, 1854, . 570571. . : . . XI, . 6263, 135
138, 339340, 353356, 371372; , . 644651, 654663;

, . 397, 399401; O.K. (


) // , 5 , 27;
// , 26 1855, 47; , 1854, .
557571; . 1855 1856 //
. . XII, . 488508 ( : , 1855
1856); , , 1878, 6, . 762-763, 767-787.
41
, .: MRE, CPC, Russie,
Consulate Divers, Vol. 4, ff. 178186, Steyert to Walewski, Batoum, 22
November, 1, 4 December 1854, 2, 3, 4.
.: .. . ., 1856
(2- . , . ., 1857).
.: Merlieux Edouard. Les Princesses Russes Prisonnieres au Caucase.
Souvenirs d'une Fran9aise Captive de Chamyl. Paris, 1857 (2 ed. Paris,
1860). .:
. - . , 1858.
42

.: . -. //
, 1890, 9, . 111 112.
43
. . XI, . 6062; , 9 1855, 40,
. 190; , 21 1855, 48, . 390392; , 30 1855, 85, . 424 425; .
// , 1887,
4, . 409; Ombres du Passe, pp. 202 210; . 1855-1856, . 483-488;
, . 186-189; -, . 4950. . : .
. X, . 565, 566 568; , . 398-399, 445; . 1855-1856, . 480483. .: , . 414415, 454, 456460;
.. , 18551857 //
, 1882, 11, . 257, 272, 279-281 ( : ).
44
, . 1442; -, . 50. . :
, . 379-385.
45
.: Lesure, pp. 2938. .': . 497
.

// . , 1937, 5 (41), . 3940;


, . , 1934, 8-9, . 30-32.

46


.: Ashley E. The Life of Henry
John Temple, Vol. II. London, 1876, pp. 6162; Sell Herbert C.F. Lord
Palmerston. Vol. II. London, 1936, pp. 105149; Bourn Kenneth. The Foreign
Policy of Victorian England. Oxford, 1970, pp. 78, 321; Connel Brian. Regina
vs. Palmerston: The Correspondence between Queen Victoria and the Foreign
and Prime Minister, 1837 1865. London, 1962, p. 174.
.: Lesure, pp. 3841.
47
: Lesure,
. 4252. . : PRO, FO/78/1336, Stevens to de Redcliffe, Trebizonde, 1
October, 68 (copy), appended to de Redcliffe to Clarendon, Therapia, 9
October, 1854, 574, FO/ 78/986? Clarendon to de Redcliffe, 8 November
1854 (draft). .: HHSA,
XXXVIII 107/Trapezunt, 10 June 1854, 245; , . 334-335;
Yama'uchi, . 150-152.
48
., .: Lake Atwel. Kars and Our Captivity in Russia. London,
1856, p. 348 ( : Lake).
49
., .: PRO, FO/78/939, Brant to de Redcliffe, Erzeroum, 8
October, appended to de Redcliffe to Clarendon, Therapia, 22 October 1853,
311, FO/78/1026, Brant to Clarendon, Erzeroum, 8 May 1854, 27.
50
.: Lane-Poole Stanley. The Life of the Right
Honourable Stratford Canning, Viscount Stratford de Redcliffe, K.G., G.C.B.,
D.C.L., L.L.D., etc. London, 1888.
51
., .: HHSA, PA XII 50, Buyukdere, 19 June 1854,
50.
52
PRO, FO/78/1042, de Redcliffe to Williams, Private, Therapia,
23 September 1854 (copy).
53
.: Dictionary of Canadian Biography,
Vol. XI. Toronto, 1982, pp. 931-933.
54
PRO, FO/78/1042, de Redcliffe to Williams, Private, Therapia,
23 September 1854 (copy).
55
, Williams to Shamil, Turkish Camp near Kars, 12 October
1854, appended to Williams to Hammond, Erzeroom, 27 November 1854.
: -, . 4248. . : Williams
to de Redcliffe, Camp near Kars, 12 October 1854, 33 (copy), appended
to the same report, and FO/352/39/ 3, ff. 97100, Williams to de
Redcliffe, Private, Camp near Kars, 7 October 1854.
: Lake, pp. 340341.

498

56

PRO, FO/78/986, Clarendon to de Redcliffe, 13 November 1854,

699.
57

,
. .: PRO, FO/78/1243, Longworth to Clarendon,
Sokoom Kale, 6 October 1855. . : , . 625.
58
. : PRO, FO/78/1004, translation of Vizirial Letter to
Shamil, 15 October 1854, appended to de Redcliffe to Clarendon, Therapia,
30 October 1854, 636.
59
, . 1444.
60
Lake, op. cit.
61
AKAK.T. XI, c. 390-391.
62
, . 276.
63
. . XI, . 355-356, 371-372.
64
. 1855-1856, . 489.
65
24
1882 .,
. 55

, .
66
.: ..
// , 1874, 9, . 181 184;
- . 18281856 . //
, 1874, 11, . 535-543; . . VII, . VII-VIII. .
X, . XXVI. . XI, . IX.

, .: , , .;
. .. - //
, 1873, 12, . 25302540;
(). , 18541856 //
, 1874, 5, . 139151; , 1, . 86-101, 2, .
307323; . ..
// , 1892, 4, . 510525; .
- .. // , 1892, 7, . 392396; ..
. .. .. ( ). //
, 1874, 9, . 99114; .. .

.. . // , 1888, 10,
. 247248; .
( - .). // ,
1872, 11, . 544546.
67
, . 255.
68
.: , . 99100.
499
.
69

, . 255266.
.: .. . .. ,
. .. . .. . 18541864. //
, 1886, 6, . 563-592, 7, . 109-150.
71
, . 257258.
: ,
,
.
72
, . 268.
73
, . 259-260, 278.
70

.: . . XI, . 339-340, 618-620; ,


1854, . 526-536; . 1855-1856, . 494-501, 526-628.
2
. II
( )
// , 1897, 4, . 204205 ( :
).
3
.: . .. .
, : .. , 18731875. . I, ., 1947, . 5-72. . : . . X, . XXV.
4
, . 205209.
5
.: , , . 298
. 1. . : France, Ministere de la Guerre, Etat-Major de 1'Armee
de la Terre, Archives Historiques, Serie Memoires et Reconnaissances, Boite

1479, Note sur 1'Armee Russe en 1856, f. 52: Corps Detache, ou Armee
du Caucase; MRE, CPC, Russie, Consulate Divers, Vol. 5, ff. 2122, Finot
to Walewski, Tiflis, 28 July 1857, 6. . : . . XII, . 12751394; , , 1879, 2, . 703706.
6
,
.: , . 663664.
7
. . XI, . 6467; .
.. // , 1892, 4, . 518.
8
, . 6364.
9
.: ..
, 18151879. ., 18881891;
., -
, 18151876 . // ,
1881, 2, . 247318, 444; . (500

- .. .) //
, 1914. . VIII, . 934-942; . . X, . XIVXV. . : ..
// , 1888, 7, .
126142; . .. //
, 1885, 12, . 618644; .
(1859- ) //
. . IV, . 71, 73-75 ( : ,
1859).
10
5- 1856 . //
, 1890, , . 456.
11
. . XII, . 613-615; // , . 292-300.
12
. . XII, . 613-614, 625, 627-628; , . 210-212.
13
. . XII, . 615-629; Richer Alfred J. The Politics of Autocracy:
Letters of Alexander II to Prince A.I. Bariatinskii, 18571864. Paris, 1966, p.
101 ( : Rieber).
14
.: . . X, . XX-XXI, . XI, .
VII; , 10-12, . 14-15; , 1859, . 83.
15
. . XII, . 1028-1038; . 1857
// . . XV, . 340 ( : , 1857); MRE,
CPC, Russie, Consulate Divers, Vol. 5, ff. 910, Finot to Walewski, Tiflis, 19

January, 6/18 February 1857, 4, 8. 1856 . .: .


. XII, . 1027; , . 660663; . //
, 7 [19] 1856, 44, . 176-178; . 1855-1856, . 488-530.
16
. . XII, . 1039-1040; , 1857, . 335-346.
17
. . XII, . 1041-1044, 1047, 1049-1050, 1053-1055; ,
. 666; , 1857, . 347-384; , . 190-191.
18
.: . . X, . XVII-XVIII.
19
. . XII, . 1043-1050; . 1857. . I, . 383-409. . II,
. 223-262.
20


. .: . . XII, . 1050-1053;
. 1857. . II, . 273-338.
18571858 . .: . . XII, . 1071-1072; . 1857. . II, .
338-386.
21
. . XII, . 1058-1060; , 1857, . 384-393.
22
. . XII, . 1055-1057, 1060-1065; . 1858
// . . III, . 378 ( :
. 1858); Rieber, p. 110.
23
. . XII, . 1065-1069, 1072-1076, 1080; Rieber, pp. 114,
116; . 1858, . 380455; .
15- 18- 1858 //
501
.

, 1859, 7, , . 89112; MRE, ,


Russie, Consulate Divers, Vol.K(5, ff. 5253, 9596, Finot to Walewski,
Tiflis, 3/15 January, 17/29 March 1858, 12, 13.
, , .: Baddeley, Rugged
Flanks, Vol. I, pp. 8485.
24
AKAK. T. XII, , 1858, . 456-460; , . 191.
25
.: . . X, . XVII.
26
. . XII, . 10801081, 10851086; . 1858 // . .
IV, . 3950. 1858 . .: . .
XII, . 11011102, 11061107; , . 667; .
// , 1871, 4, . 398-412.
27
. . XII, . 1091-1094, 1096-1098, 1102-1110; Rieber, p.
123.

28

. . XII, . 1088-1090, 1094-1095, 1098-1101, 1110-1117;


Rieber, p. 121; . 1858, . 468512, 516591; .
- 1- 19-
1859 // , 1859, 8, , . 255
284; HHSA, XII 65. ? to von Ludolf, Trapezunt, 23 November 1858,
519 (copy) attached to von Ludolf to von Buol-Schlemerstein,
Constantinople, 1 December 1858, 913; MRE, CPC, Russie, Consulate
Divers, Vol. 5, ff. 132133, Finot to Walewski, Tiflis, 17 August 1858, 15;
, . 191.
29
AKAK. T. XII, c. 1119-1120; , 1859, . 90-91, 97-105.
30
AKAK. T. XII, c. 1120-1124, 1127-1132, 1134-1139;
. -
11 212 // , 25 1859, 31, . 157158; Rieber,
. 127128; // , 1859, 4,
, . 542558; .
// . . IV, . 5167; . 1- 1859/94
. ( ) // , 1 1894,
29, . 23; . 1859 .
// , 1866, 10,.. 297-333; , 1859, .
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PRO, FO/78/1435, O'Brian to Bulwer, Private, Constantinople, 4
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33
AKAK. T. XII, c. 1139-1140; , 1859, . 224-227.
34
AKAK. T. XII, c. 1143; , 1859, . 228-230.
502

35

. . XII, . 11321134; .
// , 1877, 5, . 188
204; , 1859, . 151-169, 199-203.
36
. . XII, . 1134, 1140-1143; , 1859, . 289307.

37

Baddeley, p. 464.
, 1858, . 496.
39
. . XII, . 10821088; Rieber, p. 120; .
// ,
1893, 2, . 347349; , 1858, . 460467.
40
. . XII, . 1090-1091, 1106-1107, 1116; Rieber, p. 121;
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, 1858, . 466.
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FO/78/1345, FO to Allinson, 21 January 1858, 59 (draft).
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The Times, 28 September 1859.
47
PRO, FO/78/1435, O'Brian to Bulwer, Private, Constantinople, 4
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1859: . . II, . 207.
48
, . 676; , 1859, . 401.
49
Rieber, p. 129.
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PRO, FO/78/1435, O'Brian to Bulwer, Private, Constantinople, 4
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. . XII, c. 11501180;
. . .
. // , 1880, 4, . 801812;
// . . CXLII, 566, . 177187;
. // , 1860, 2, . 37; . //
, 24 1859, . 454455; , 12, . 67
69; .-. . //
, 1859, 10, , . 475518;
38

, 1859, . 2352_88, 308436; .


// , 1877, 6, .
503
.

393414; . //
, 1906, 9, . 820851; .

(1859 1909) // , 1909, 11, . 223240, 1910, 1, . 1-16, 3, . 1-22, 4, . 51-66, 6, . 17-32, 9,
. SI-66; . .
- . , 1909;
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185191; - .. //
, 1896, 6, . 10451063 ( : );
.. 1859
1863 . // , 1880, 9, . 97108; U.K.
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.: , . 671672.
[11 1859]
.
53
, ,
, , ,
.
, 1859, . 337.
10 000 ,
. ; . : // , . 312, . 2;
, . 1057; .., . 282.
54
, ,
, .
Baddeley. Rugged Flanks, Vol. II, p. 49.

.: , . 298, 372375; :
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. . XII, . 1275-1394.
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,


, .
. ., .: , . 5
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504

. ( ) //
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., .: . -.
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.
2
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, . 1397.
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.. 1863 . //
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B.C. 1877 //
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. , 1880, 12, . 663 700;


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, , . 576; , . 270.
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509

.
.
. , .
3.

064134 (-) 07. 06. 95.


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