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Chapter 3

Problem 3.1

3.1 (a) For the hoow shaft and loading shown, determine ihe mximum shsarng stress. (A) Determine the diameter of a solid sha for which the mximum shearing stress in the loading shown ts the same as in part a. C,

J T (a)
1%

/ s o o fcif

^ i 6 o o 7t-;

rt

les/

ib)

* - -

Te T

TTC**

c c

3 -

Problem 3.2

3.2 (a) Determine the torque that can be applied ta a &od haft of 3 6-in. ouler diameter withoul exceeding an aliowabie shearing stress of ] O ks, (t) Sove part a, assunting tliat the solid shaft is replaced by a hollow shaft of (lie same mass and of 3.6- in. irmer diameter.

Fur

etua\$

wftSScj " i C*"<S-S .se^"! io* We

mus

e e?i/^

Problem 3.3

3.3 Determine the torque T that causes a mximum shearing stress of 80 MPam i he steel cylindrica! shaft shown.

22 m m

I 3 3 8 .

- | (O.O22.') (80(OM
:

Probtem 3.4

3.4 For the cylindrica! shaft shown, determine Ihe mximum shearing stress caused by a torque of magnitude T = 1.5 kN m.

- 2 2

mm

Je, nc
1

MPo.

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

O 2 0 0 6 T b e M c G r a w - I I i l l C o m p a r i k s , J n c . A l l rigbis r e s e r v d . N o p a n o f i h i s M a n u a l m a y be d i s p l a y e d , reproduced I y o u a i c a ^ u d e n l u s i tfus M a i m a ] , yuii ir I E , I ^ i l w i l h m i permission

ordislributed i n any form c r by nny m e a n s . w i l h o u t the prior w r i t l e n p s m i i s s o n o f the publisher, or U5cd b e y o n d I h e l i m h c d disIribUTicn ro teachere and educalocs periimUed by M c G r a w - H i l ! for Iheii individua] course prepaiatioii

Problem 3.5

3.5 ( L ) For the 60-mrn-di ame ta wilid cylinder and loading shown, determine the mximum shearing stress <) Determine the inner diameter of the holiow cylinder, of 80-mm outer diametor, for which the mximum stress is the same as in part a.

60

mn

Cal SoVd s U f f : Te

c = d -^(o.o&a)

r 0.030 m

7TC"7.
T =

* JO'

b l'<

111

(6)

c.

4, - 2 c ,

C?-ff

Problem 3.6

3.4 (a) Determine the torque that can be appJied loa sod shaft of 20-mm dametei without esi^eding an aliowable shearing stress of 80 MPa. () Solve part a, assuming that the solid shaft has been replaced by a holiow shaft of the same cross-sectona! rea and with an inner diameter equal lo half of its own outer diameter.

a i r

6. OID

A - TTCC^-C, )
1

= -r[c-({c f2
z

=j ir c

tic -

o. O 1 b H7o

for

T h e M c G r a w - I I l l Cotupanies, Jnc A I I n ^ h i * r e s e i v c d . N o p a n o f tliis M a n u a l ma> hp dispfaycd. reproduced

nr ilisirjhured in any f r m or b y any meara, w i t l i u c HIK firicr w r t i e n p c m r i s s i o n of the p u b l i s h e i , ui v s t t l huyond [he limiied d t r i b u d o j i (o teadiers nnd
MLCTT;IW-HIJI

hcii indivjdu.aJ ctujise piepraiHin H yon aro a studcnl u s i n g this M a n u a l , \<m :ire usmg ii w i i l i c u i pefmis&iou.

3.7 The solid splndle/iShas a diameter d, = 1.5 in. and is made of a steel with an allowable shearingstress o" 12 ksi, whilcsIeeveC/ismadeofabrasswithanaliowable shearing stress of 7 ksi Determine the largest lorque T that can be applied at A.

SoiiJ s p ^ e <r '

= (1 2 i n i

A8 '.

c-

^ 4 = k^-^

~ -

7 S

Xe ~ 5 ^
7

-^

-^T""

C, 3 u.

C -t=
A

1.5"-0.35" = \.ZS

'<*.

J"

l ' ^ ' * - ' - ^ ) - ' U / 7 * m'

Problem 3.8

3.8 The sold spindle AS is made of a steel with an allowable shearing stress of 12 ksi, and sleeve CD is made of a brass with an allowable shearing stress of 7 ksi Determine (a) the largest torque T that can be applied at A i f the allowable shearing stress is not lo be exceeded in sleeve CD, (b) the corresponding required valu of the diameter d, of spindle ^.

lili

Coi

Sicev/e. C D : C, - C - t
a

C^s-Jj^t =
-

<^.Q^

/-5*

/.i -0,25- -

/.XT i .

8 in.

0E5in.

/y L m^t/

I d

lea
3in.

~ ; :

19.

a/3

V: -;+
v

T
C

19.a 13

^ -.w
r

O"

2T TTC

Problem 3.9

3.9 Knowiiigtbateachoflheshas^fl, BC, and CD consistof solid circular roda, determine (aj the shaft in which the mximum shearing stress occurs, (6) the magnitude of that stress

J U I X I Ih - \.

SV^ft A 8 :
, 100 II)
I;I ,

T * gao A . ,

1 2

in.

ITs i TT&-

P
;L = y.H in.
fi

51

c * i

o.s

n.

ir 7 3 psi'

(os)

Ahjwe^: (al SU-H 8 C Problem 3.10

nio :i>. ni.

(fe) S . 15 ks

3.1U Knowing thai a 0.40-in.-diameter hole has been drilled through each of the shafts AB, BC, oiid CD, determine (a) the shaft in which he mximum shearing stress oceurs. (A) the magnitude of that stress

HcJe ~

2 JOO11 -

u,
1.2

S0]>iu

in.

C*, - -fe d i = O.M m.

d --0S in. At

i-***.

o. oay.?^

8 4 38 p ; Ci^^jia-i-)
S

Tc^^

Cl>oo)(o.s)

Ansuer*: Col S U - H - A B

^.49

Problem 3.11

3.11 The torques shown are exerted on pulleys.4, B, and C. Knowing ihat both shaft s are solid, determine the mximum shearing stress in (a) shaft AB, (b) shaft BC.

4lX) , \ m

"

Tic*

irCo.oioV

" ^

^ - 2 . 7 MP*.

Problem 3.12

3,12 The shaftsof ihepullcyassembly shown arelo beredesigned. Knowing that the aliowible shearing stress in each shaft is 6 0 MPa, determine the smallest allowable diameter of (J) shaft AB, (b) shaft BC,
O X m

1200 V m

= Te
S -

4 0 0 N tn

30

TT^tO'O*)

l-i*? y / o " * M
4
=

IG./9
~ 3z,y*<to,

(w

u 'Y

e c :

t3/

so

ir t o */o )
e

- 3 = 3 . 0 . 1 0 x i?

FROPRIETARY MATERIAL

> 2 0 U i T h e M i * i * - H i ] l Cornpanies, I n c . A t l rights reserved. N o p a n of ihis M a n u a l m a y b e displayed, rerprudin^d

o r d i s t r i b u i c d i n a n y f o r m o r by atiy m t a n s , w i t h o u l the prior w n H e u p e i i i i i s s K i r n i r l i e p"hli5her. or used beyond i h c litnilcd disiribution to leathers and n l u c a i n r s perrr.Hteri by M c G i n w - H i l l for i h e i r individual ecurse preparation. i r y o u a r e a s t u d e n t u i t i g Uns M a n u a l , y u u a r e iising withoul p e r m i s i n

Problem 3.13

3.13 Under normal operating conditions, the electric motor exerts a torque ot'2,8 kN m on shaft AB Knowing that each siiaft is solid, determine rhe mximum shearing stress in f0 shaftAff, (A) shaft C, (c)shaft CD

- (i.Sl:N

ni

Vi

.'

.'

i r /

^
B

"

TIC* "

.IX. _ ( ^ U t s v i o " ' ) _ ~T ( o . o a s r "

"

TTC

3,

T ( o . O i . * ) *

L t o

"

Tic*

"

"ir

= 73. J MR*.

Problem 3.14

3.14 In order to reduce the total raasso'the a&sefiiblyofWob 3 13, anew designis being considered in which the diameter of shaft BC will be smaller. Determine the smallest diameter of shaft BCTor which the mximum vaJue of the sitearing stress in the assemhly will not be increased.

-Jlie ^

HA^IOH

Tb probJe<* 3.'3

-Pot- -/-retire.

T"*"" M I M I ; H

A B j 8C_, <*-*t C-E>. The -ft^es't >sl

Tac ~

"Ec
J

_.

z r nc
1

C =

TT ( 8 1 . 3 * / )

Problem 3.15

3.15 The solid shaft shown is formed of a brass for which the allowable shearing stress 55 MPa. Neglecting the erYect of stress concentrations, determine smallest diamelers rf^ and d^ for which the allowable shearing stress is not oceeded..

Vi

Problem 3.16

3.16 SolveProb. 3.15 assuming that the direction of T . is reversed.

t

3,15 The solid shaft shown s formed of a brass for wliich the allowable shearing stress 55 MPa. Neglecting the effect of sircas concentrations, determine smallest diameters d^ and d for which the allowable shearing stress is not exceeded..
K

= -100 N n i

N o t e TKA.4 H e

^iVeJeVo

of*"Te.

teav\

/ I T

=
C

'o i*i
-1

T T T S

f HOFR1KTARV MATERIAL.

2 0 0 S T h e M t G t a w - l l i l l C o m p a n i c s , Inc. A l l rights r e s e i v u !

N o p a n o f i h ! M a n u a l m a y be d i s p l a y e d , reproduced

01 distributad in any f o m i o by aliy meaus, wilhinil Ule prior writtrai p e r m i i o n o f the p u b l i s h e i , or used b e y o n d t l i e l i m i l e d distnbution to t t a c i s r s and e d u c a t o r s p e r m i i t c < ) b y M c G i a w - H i l l for ihcir individual c o u r s e n r e u a r a l m . H y i i u . i r e e sradent using Ihis M u t u a l , yon ate ueitig it v.]thou( pormission.

Problem 3.17

Aunn n liiui

3.17 Shaft AB is made of e steel with an allowable shearing stress of 90 MPa and shaft BC is made of an atuminum with an allowable shearing stress of 60 MPa. Knowing that the diameter of shaft BC is O mm and neglecting the eftect of stress concentrations, determine (o) the largest torque T that can be applied al A i f the allowable stress is not to be exceeded in shaft BC, ( i ) the corresponding required diameter of shaft AB.

feo

S M 4 - & C T - ^ = ' 0 MPo. = dan So

^oyio^Pa
~

C^iof ~ "TC*

AS***

o.ct~>n

T = |-

{so

*fo*

Yo.ozs'f

N472W* ^ . ^

1.473 kU-v*

Problem 3.18

3.18 Shaft AB has a 30-mm diameter and is made of a steel with an allowable shearing stress of 90 MPa, whiie shaft BC ha* a 50-mm diameter and is made o f aa aluminum alloy with an allowable sliearing stress of 60 MPa. Neglecting the eflect of stress concentrations, determine the largest torque T that can be applied at A

S U f AB*-

c = *f - ( * o l 8

Q.O\S\*>

fa

W Yo.os)
c

v3

m i

W-M

T *

T i

477

P R O P R I E T A R Y M A T R l A L . ' M f t T h e M c C m w - H i l l C o m p a i i i e s , I n c A l l n M s l e s c r v e d . N o part o f Flus M a n u a l niay b e d i s p l a y e d , r e p r o d u c

K

o" dislnliuied in ,nny farm ot by a n y means, w i t h o u l llic i i i i n r w r n K r i permissiou of the publislitr, ur useri boyond the t i t u i t d d i s i i i b u i i i n 'o ccachcrs and cduCMQis p;rniitted by McCiraiv H i l l lr rhcii individual c o u t s i ptepaialiim II >ou ate a j t i n k r i t u ; n Ihis M a n u a l , y o u ate u i i n g t wilrioutnerTnission

Problem 3.19

3,19 Tbe allowable shearing stress is 100 MPa tu the 36-mm-diamcter steel rod AB and 60 MPa in the 40-mm-diameter rod BC Neglecting the effect of stress concentrations, determine the largest torque that can be appedat^.

Te

Btass

Tn<-

cJJIoKStJjb

" f o ^ u i'a "fi*

S^lUt-r-

of T

f t R

T . ftc

Problem 3.20

3,20 Tlse allowable shearing stress ts 10 MPa n the Steel rod AB and 60 MPa in the brass rod BC. Knowing that a torque of magnitude T = 900 N m is applied at A and neglecting the eftect of stress concentrations, determine the required diameter of (a) rod AB, (&) rod. BC.

Te
S ^ K H A B : ^ l o o MPa. ) O

c VO*

IT
rV

Brass

cna - 2c = 35". S M~

PROPR1ETARY MATERIAL

O 2 0 I 1 6 T h e M c i n i w - H i H C o r o p a n i c s , Inc. A l l rights reserved. N o part o f l h i s M a n u a l m u y b e d i s p l a v c d , reprodueed I f y o u are a i l u d e n L iiMng hhs M a n u a l . >ou are using it wtthout permission.

o r d i s i r i b u i c d i n a i i y f o m i o r b y any m t a n s , w i i h o u l the prior w r i i i s n p e n n i s i o n o f t h e p u b l i s h c r , or used beynnd i h e l i m i l c d distribntion lo lenchers a n d eiTutaEir^ purmided by M c G r n w - H i l l for their individual course preparation

Problem 3.21

3.21 Two solid sieei shafts are connected by the gears shown. A lorque of magnitude T= 900 H m is applied to shaft^. knowing that the allowable shearing stress is 50 MPa and considering only stresses due to twisting, determine the required diameter of (a) shaft AB, ib) shaft CD.

2-i f)

-r*

- Te _

2 T

/yT.

W s U f r CD :

r f

= So MP*

4 - #C - t*. O
C

Problem 3.22

3.22 Shaft is made from a 66-mm-diameter rot and is connected to tlie 4S-mmdiameter shaft AB as shown. Considering only stiesses due to twisting and knowing that the allowable shearing stress is 60 MPa for each shaft, determine ihe largest torque Tthatcanbe applied.

240

ma

T e . 7 T c
a

-(SO^lO^O.O^zf
^ 18 6

3387 I I M

N-

Problem 3.23

3.23 A torque of magnitude r ~ 8 kip in. is applied ai D as shown. Knowing that the diameter of shaft of shaft AB is 2.25 in. and that the diameter of shaft CD is 1.75 in., determine the mximum shearing stress in (<i) shaft AB, (b) shaft CD.

1 x.

T e

TTC

-1

_ T,

>

T C *

TT ( 0 . 3 7 S - V

7_6o IS,

Problem 3.24

3.24 AtorqueofrmgnitudeJ-Skip-in.isapphedatjQasshown. Knowingthat the allowable shearing stress is 7.5 ksi in each shaft, determine the required diameter of (a) s h a f t s , (b) shaft CD.

' to -

S (.p Ih

i: c

7"
T 7TC
3

ib)

SL-f> CD :

PROPRIETARV MATERIAL

ZO'J T h e U c G r a w - H i l l C o m p a n i e s , I n c . A l l riglus i ^ r v e d

N o p a n o f , h i s M a n u a l n i s be d i s o l a y c i , rsprorluced

B r d i s i r i b u i c d i n any foijn or by any m c a n s , u i t l i o i i U l i e n n n r w n t i e n p e r m i s s i o n o f the publisheE, 01 used lieyund i t e l i m i i c d d i s i r i b m i o t i l o Icachers a n d edutalois ricniiiLled by M c G r a w - H i l fot ieir individual course prepa.atinn l l ' y m i are a s m d c n ! u s m g Ihis M a n u a l , y o u are U S , T I I m t b o u i permission.
B

Problem 3.25

3.25 Under normal operating conditions a motor exerts a torque of magnitude T = 150 N m at P. The shafts are made of a steel for which Ihe allowable shearing stress is 75 MPa. Knowing that for the gears r = 200 mm and r 75 mm, determine the required diameter of (a) shaft CDE, (A) shaft FH.
F D a

T - r T
'D

so y-

IS

' FS

loa

>
C I

5 o :

_ T_. SV^-ft C D E :

JLL

/ I T

Problem 3.26

3.26 Under normal operating conditions a motor exerts a torque of magnitude T at F The shafts are made of a steel for which the allowable shearing stress is 85 MPa and have diameter s d = 22 mm and d^ = 20 mm. Knowing tilat r = ISOmmandry - 100 mm, determine ihe largest allowable valu of T .
F CDS n y

S U P t t>7:

c- U/U*-

I C 3

Problem 3.27

3.17 The two solid shafts are connected by gears as shown and are made of a steel for which the allowable shearing stress is 8500 psi. Knowing that a torque of magnitude T = 5 kip - in. is applied at C and that tlie assembly is in equibrium, > determine the required diameter of (o) shaft BC, (b) shaft EF.
c

2.a i!
ZT

J
3 ir

Tic
cs-s)

* IT
0.7?-g.'r,.

Y:

c -

2T

yqX3, M

0, C I 6 3 m. <^
F

= 2C

1 - 2 3 3 ".

Problem 3.28

The two solid shafts are connected by gears as shown and are made of a steel for which the allowable shearing stress is 7000 psi. Knowing the dameters ofthe two shafts are, respectively,/ = 1.6 in. andd = 1.25 in. determine the largest torque T that can be applied at C.
e K c

4 in.

SbPf 8CL :
2.5 in.
=

e ( L

= I.C in. 1 ^
a

c = i<J = a s . 3 Itfp.In

5 (7. oKo.8I

\3

ir

'F

PRQPRIfcTAKY

MATKKIAL

O 2 0 0 The McGmu-.HiJl Coiripanici, Inc. A l l i i g l i i * r e ^ r v t l

N o p a r t ^ f t f i i * Manual m a y be d i ^ i l j y ^ T ^ r K k K ^ i i Icach?ajid

o r d i s t r b u i t d in any form or by *ny means, MIIIJIMJ i h r p r i o r writTcn pcrTimsiDn o f ihe publterjer, or u^ed heynrif! ihf h m i i c d d s u j b u t i o n

eilu calor s pcnjiiiierj by M e G r a w - H i H for ibsir individual coui.se preparo hon. I F y o u are a srudem j s i n g this M u t u a l , y o n are u:,m;; ir wiihout p c m r i s s i j n

Problem 3.29

3.29 (a) For a given allowable stress, determine the ralio Tiw of the mximum allowable torque Fand Lhc wcight per unir length w for ihe holiow shal shown. (b) Denoting by(7*/w) the valu oftbis ralio computed for a solid shatt ofthe saine radius L\. cxprcss the racio Vw for the holiow smil intermsui"(7Yiv)., 'V*";0

(T/w1

_
CS

5 \

( n 0

S )

Problem 3.30

3.30 While the exact distribution ofthe shearing stresses iii a holiow cylinder shaft is a shown in Fig. (1), an approxirmite valu may heobtained br by assujning the stresses to be unilbrmly distrihuted over the rea A ofthe cross section, as shown in Fig. (2), and the ti rurthera.iuming that all the ekmaitary sliearing Corees al a distance trom O eqmil lo the mean r a d i ^ r = '/i(c + c) of the cross section. This approximate valu is r = Ti'A', where 7"is the applied torque. Determine i he ratio T /T ofthe true valu of the mximum sliearing stress and ils approximate valu t for vales of c>/c rcspectivcly equal to 1.00, 0.95, 0.75, 0.50, and 0.
m t 0 MM :

2 T c,

O H

A ir, Ci-f
C.) l +

l.o 1.0
t.oZS

0.75

0*5"

0.0

Problem 3.31

3.31 For ihe aluminum shaft shown (G=27GPa), determine (o) the torque T what causes an angle of twist of 4 . (A) the angle of Iwist caused by the same torque T in a solid cylindrica! shaft of tiie same length and cross sectional rea.
C

((%)

(f

Tt_

T
12

199. 5 3 ?

mm

t.zs

N-w

c
J
-

= X

*lo"

i . /

1 0 . 4 0

Problem 3.32

3.32(0) For the solid steel shaft shown (G = 112^ 10* psi), determine the angle of twist at/J (fr) Solve pan (<r), assuming that the steel shaft is holiow with a 1.2-jn ouier diameter und aO.S-in -inner diameter.

L ~* C f. - 72
7 ' 2 l,p.m = 2 DOC / t - o

(Rooo'j(7^_
2fcip in. (l|.-2/o j(a2^3575)
c

C 3 .

1 . ^ 7 / W O

r * J

<V 1 ^

0.6

C, =

0.4

( I L ? v l o

1 ( 0 . l t ^ 3 6 3 )

7S.7&2
<p r 4 . 5 1

PBOFRIETARY MATERIAL

C 2 0 0 o Tlie M r t i r a - ' . H i I l C u m p n m p s , I n c

All righu

recn-tl

N o p a n of i h i s M a m i i l m i y b e d i s p l i y e d , r t p u . d u B a l

o distribuied i n any fbim o i b y any m e a r a , w h h o u i the prior wticten p c f m i i o n o f L h c p u h i i . h n , nr ustal be>ond i h e h m n e d d i s i r i b u l i o n tc icachers and e i l u t a t u r . peimiiieil by M c f i r n w - H i t l b r t h e i r individun! c o u r s c prepara i M I . I f y o u a r e a m d c n i u s i n g Ihis M a n u a l , y o n a i e u s m g ii withuul p e i m i s s i o n .

Problem 3.33

3.33 Determine the largest allowable diameter of a 10--long steel rod (G= 11.2 10* psi) i f the rod is to be twisled through 30 without exceedng a shearing stress of 12 ksi.

L ~ 10 -pf

- 13o in.

f * So' =

- 0.%%<>0 r^

Problem 3.34

3.4 Theshipat/ hasjust suuted to drill foroil on theoceanfloorat adepth o f 1500 m. Knowing that the top of the 200-mm-diameter steel drill pipe (G = 77.2 GPa) rotatcs through two complete revolutons befare the drill bit at B starts to oprate, determine the mximum shearing stress caused in the pipe by torsin.

_ TL
\.-r, isoo m

l l i c -y di = loa G-fc. ^ o. loo <~

= 77.2

77. 2 o* P x <

PROFRIETAlY M A T E R I A L

Una M a n w i l m a v be displaced, rcpruLCi!

<?r dislnbuiCL m iny form or by any meatis, WILLI LFIC prior w r i r i c n pe rmissiori of llic publi^liii, u r u s e d br-yond h e l i m i l c d distrihuLimi lo (cachers a n d educators permiltcd Ijy M r i i r a w - f r l i l l for ihcir individua! u i u i s e p i ^ j ^ r - i i b u . f y o u a*c a smdcn* using t!us M a n u a l , y o u are using it wiihout p c r m i i s i t m .

Problem 3.35
J.JS The torques shown^e exerted on pulleys A, B, and C Knowing that hoth shafts are sobd and made or'brass (C - 3> GPa), determine the angle of twist between (a)AmB,(b)AmdC

S 5 = S ^ / o * &

TL _
GJ (.3*1 I M (7?- S ^ . /O*'') v J O. \SH-77Z

=-

Problem 3.36
3.M The electric motor exerts a 500 N m wrtjue on the aluminum shaft ABCD when it isrotating al a constant speed Knowing that G = 27 GPa and that the torques exerted on pulleys and C are as shown, determine the angle twist between {a} B and C, (6) S and D Zoo w*.

B t

XOO

N-t^

1-2 ^

- ^ C * 3C7. 7*i >*'' i

e ,

TL

' " C ^ ^ O ^ C ^ S . ! . ! ^

y/O* )

Problem 3.37
3.37 The aluminum rod AS (G = 2"? GPa) is hended to the brass roJ BD (G = 3 o GPa). Knowing that ponion CD ofthe brass rod is holiow and has an inner diameter of40 mm determine the angle of twist at A

Kv AB:
T ? O

G - 2 7*10* Vr,_
K J - C =

L
^ d

O.HOQ
O. 0

^
/ S r*i

i, =.yx>\

-i ;J50 i n m

"L
^ " & J

r ^ - " ( 2 7 y / ' o ' ' (14<f. 2<? x o )

_

7I.7SWO

fJ

400 m m

~ Vt CD C, = ^ J , ^ 0 . 0 2 0 y~ C -

-3 IS. 137*/o = 0.030

- .02'

Problem 3.38
3.38 Solve Prob. 3.37, assuming that portion BD is a solid O-mm-diameierrod of length 625 mm. 3.37 The aluminum rod AB (G - 27 GPa) is bonded to the brass rod BD (G - 39 GPa). Knowing that portion CD ofthe brass rod is holiow and has an inner diameter of 40 mm determine ihe angle of twist ar A.
T ,
T

3 6 n m

V
8fKl N . n i

KoJ A8:
T

G - Z7v lo' p
W-M c

aj

L * o.^oo^
* o.ib M

*^

= goo

* al

*1

TL
G J i&ivlct-

j(o.c?5
X1.5723*1 vio-* )
-

30. 29.^ / o-5

Problem 3.39
240 mm

3.39 Two solid shafts are connected by gears as shown. Knowing that G = 77.2 GPa for each shaft, determine the angle through which end A rotateswhen T = 1200 N-m.
A

COJCIJA

OV\

f&V'j o es , C
T

^e.^rt B

J 1
10

1^,=

3oO M-w

C = l ~ [ V
c

O.OSO^ |. 27234*10

=-

l ( . O S o V ( T 7 1 2 * lo

^ Hl-

_ TL_ _
~
OA

(3100)0-2)
11

&S

21234x1o- )

a-n^

"a AB :

o^
M

Twisf

,'v.

si^l

= i el - O . 0 |
*

i . * . u,
J J

G = ll.Zxlo"

po.

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

Ihe hmited distribulion to leacbers and

educalors pennitred by M c U r a w - H i t i for their individual coursc preparalion. I f y m i are a student using Ibis M a n u a l , yon re u s m g il ivilbout p e r m i s s i o n .

Problem 3.40
240

uim

3.40 SolveProb, 3.39, assumingthat the diameter of each shat is 54 mm, 3,39 Two solid shafls are connected by gears as shown. Knowing that O GPa for each shaft, determine the angie through which K M rotateswhen T, N m.

!i

'"i

l -

-T'

"

T
I un

*
-

^ o ( | 2 o ' ) ^ 3&OD 3
t ,

U~r

T^.-s- i" sU^+ C D ;

c ={d * O.QH

L 1.2

Q- * 11.2 x/o* F

GJ

(v7.Zy/o''}CS34-75Wo' )
,

TL &J"

(\2ooXl-Q (77.Wo' Xg3 f.7 f

1 t e

WO~^)

PKOPWETARY MATERIAL.

O 2 0 0 S T h e M c G i a w - H i l l C m i i i u n i e s . I n c . A l l rigliis

reserved.

N o part o f t h i s M a n u a l m a y br displaycd, repraduced

01 di!tcLtHited m n i v liifiTi nr by .iriy m t F i n , w i i h y u l the prior w n l t e n pcnni&sion f tlit niihlishet. i r n s d b e y o n d i h e limiled distribu!un In te:i<:rH:i3 a n d r d u f a i o r s pciijiiiicd by M c G r a w - H i l ) fot ilieu milivi J m t t o u t u s p j c p m n i i o n . )t y o n are a studinl using Ihis M j n u n l , J i m are using U n i i h o u l xrrr.issuj".

Problem 3.41

3.41 A coder F, used to record in digital form the rotation of aliara, is connected to the shaft by mean 3 ofthe gear Erain shown, which consista of four gears and three solid steel shafts each of diameter d. Two of the gears have a radius r and ihe other two a radius nr. If the rotation ofthe coder F is preventd, determine in terms ot"7^ /, G,./, and w the angle through which end A rotates.

n
L

fe

WGvJ

0 Problem 3.42 3,42 For the gearrraindescribedmProb. 3.41, ^ end ,4 rotates when T = 5 Ib in., 1 = 2.4 i n , = 1/16 b., 0 = 11.2 x 10*psi, and

J.J A coder F, used to record in digital form the rotation of shaft A, is connected S e f i 5oA/f"i*on "to P#0B'M to the shaft bymeans ofthe g e a r t r ^ s h o ^ p, solid steel shafts eaci of diameter d Two ofthe gears nave a radios r and the other 3.H 1 T W clei/eJ'op W ^ T (ft two a radius w. Ifthe rotation ofthe coder Fisprevented, determine in tetras of T, G<\0A\QV\ 4*^ <f (tyi IG,J, and the angle through which end A rotates

Problem 3.43

3.43 Two shafts, each of 7/8 in. diameler are cormected by the gears shown Knowing that G = 11.2 * I O psi and that the sliaft at F is fixed, deteraine the angle through which end A rotates when a i .2 kip in. torque is applied at A
6

L = 13 i.

c = <sf ^ ^ i*, j G- - II. 2 y /o-ps (I6oo)(ui

TL
7 F

Ta
3 1 lAlS , V

TL

&

A,

< ^ g? p

4-

cp

A/B

^ g ^ ^ ^ o " ' t p

^ 5.77'

P l t O P R I E T A R Y M A T E R I A L . 2 0 0 6 T h e M c G r a w - H i l l C o m p a n i c s . I n c . A l l r i g h i s r c j c r v c d . N o p e n o f ihis M a n u a l m a y be displayed, reproducid Di d i l n b u l e i l in luy imn or tiy any n i c a n i , %vtl.limil lhi? prnir w n l l e n perm5SH"i n f (Jia puhlisher, <ir useii h e y n m l Itte l i m i i e d dislribulion lo lefichers and educaiors pcrrnitied b y M c G r a w - I I i l l for i h t i r individual course preparalion, I f y o u a t e a s i u d e n i using i h i s M a n u a l , y o u a r e u s i n e il wilhout pemiission.

Problem 3.44

3.44 Salve Prob. 3.43, assumingthat arter a design change the radiusof gearflis in. and the radius of gear is 4.5 in. 3.43 Two shafts, each of 7/8 in. diameter are connected by the gears shown. Knowing that G = 11.2 * 10' psi and that the shaft at Fh fixed, determine the angle through which end A relates when a 1.2 kip in. torque is applied at A

*6

-3

F W O f H I E r A R Y M A T E R I A L . 2 0 0 6 T h M c G r a w - l l i l l C o m p a m e s , I n c . A I I righis i c s c r v c d . N o p a n o f Ihis M a n u a l m a y be dibpliiyeil, reprnituceil o r d i s t r i b i d e d i n any form or by a n y rocans. wiihout ihe prior uTitten peranissiori ol"ihe piihliNher, ai used beyond the limiLed diaULbucicri lo tc-adicrs and cducators permitiedby M c ( j i a i v - H i l l Un dien individual course preparation. I f y o u a r c a i t u d e n i u s i r g vhs M a n u a l , y o u are usirig i i w i t h o u l permission

Problem 3.45

The design specificatioris ofa 6-ft-long solid circular transmission shaftrequire that the angle of twist ofthe shaft nol exceed 0.5 when a torque of 60 kip in. is applied. Determine the required diameter of the shaft, knowing that the shaft is made ofa steel with an allowable shearing stress of 12.5 ksi and a modulus of rigidity o f l 1.2 * 10* psi.

- 12.5

Wo'p*;

& - II. 2 * io p

J - \ c

Problem 3.46

- * The design specifications of a 1 2-m-long solid transinission shaft require that the angle of twist ofthe shaft not exceed 4" when a torque of 750 N m is applied. Determine the required diameter oflhe shaft, knowing that the shaft is made ofa steel with an illowabie shearing stress of 90 MPa and a modulus oFrigidity of 77.2 GPa.

Use j ^ e ^ / J e

TTC^x/on
3

^H4*lo

* fl/ 3S. / * M

/ \$ . 0 * / C f t a ? \$.'0C ^

rROFRIE'l'AKV MATERIAL

Thf M c O u w - I K l l C a m p a r u e s , [nc

A l l rightl rcserve.l

No part o f l h i s M a n u a l inay be n l l n t e y i l , c o p i o d u c a l

ur d i s t r i b u i d in any fcinn *T by any means, u'iilioul i t e prior w n u e n pe n n i s s u j * <l l l i e p u b l i s h e r , o used I c y o n d ibe l i m i l c d distribulum l> icachcrs and educatum p e r m i i r c d by M c G r a w - H i l l r"nr I h c i r individual coui.ie preparacin. I f y o u a r e a s i u r i e n t tising ibis M a n u a l , y o n me, usiiig i t u l t h o u l penninsum

Problem 3.47

3.47 The design ofthe gcar-and-shaft system shown requires that steel shafts of the same diameterbe used fot both^j? and CD. It is fiirtlier required ihat r_ 9 ksi and that the angle <p through which end D of shaft CD rotates not exceed 2 Knowing that G 11.2 * 10* psi, determine the required diameter of the shafts.
n 3

5 V\ P'
1.6 i n .

T i -

lilil*

3..T ir?

v a *

io )
s

L-

l.f

* S in.

SU-H C D
9 : o/e.

Tp_i:

i l l >

G-T
-3

GJ

- f Ge

Use +te i&^e**

VtJuc

- I. 0 6 7

M.

05-

PROPR1ETRY M A T E R I A L

ZOlIfi I he M c t i r a w - H i l l C u m p a i u e s . Ira:

All

righn

rcurveri

N o purl i i r i h i s Manual mny b e d i s p l i i y e d . r e p r o d u c e d

or d i s d i b u t e d i n a n y f c m i or b y any m o a i t , w i i h o u l the prior wriltcn penmission o f i h e publisher, or used beyond the limited disttiuutioii toieauriers. and educators perrnitted by M c G r s w - H i l l for Iheir i n d i v i d u a l cot r s e p reparal ion I f y o u are a srudent using ihis M a n u a l , y o u are u s i n g it wiihmit permission.

Problem 3.48

J.48 inthegear-and-shaftsysternshown the diameter of shafts are <i, ' - in. and d = 1 5 in Knowing that G = 11 2 - 10 psi, determine the angle through which end D of shaft CT; rotates.
e

CD

- 3

GJ

Cu.a*

O - ? o & )

Twi-t

sUff

C D :

L ^

2 ft

- 24

m.

5 (0.75)^

O.H^7cl

<ft>- 3 . 0 7 '

TROPRIETARY MAl KklAI, educaUirs i i c n m t i a r

S ) 2 D 0 l * T h L M c G r a w - I J U ] Compante?. I n c . A l l [ighLs r e s e i v H

N o pan p f 'hit Manual miy

be di&playtil, rcpriuhiced!

or rJjsrntrtitcd i r n y form o r by any m ? a j j s , vvrumE i h u p n w writtcn p e r m i s i n o f t h e p u t l t h c r , or u s e d beyuml ihe I i mi red d i j i n b m i o i i to teachers and M c G r a w - H i l l foj ihcir individual C D U I S i i e p a j a i n m I f ytm are n srudeitf usr.g this M a n u a l , you a i c u s i n ^ ii wiiriouEperrnissiori

Problem 3.49

3.49 The solid cylindrica] rod BC is attached to the rigid lever AB and to ihe fixed support at C, The vertical forc P applied at A causes a smalldisplacement A at poinl A. Show that the corresponding mximum shearing stress in the rad is

where d is the diametrr ofthe rod and G's modulus ofrigidiiy.

T. .
3

A = o, sr-cp

M. J

PR0PMETARYMATKK1AL

S 2006 T h e M c G m w - H i l l C o m p a n i e s , [nc

A l l righls reserved. N o part o Lilis M a n u a l inay be displayed, reprodueed i h i s M m n s l , y o n nieiiiinp, i( wichcut p e r m i s i i o n .

ordisrrituced in any form o r b y a n ; means, witliout llie priur w n l e n permisaion o f t h e publishcr, o r u s e d beyOnd the l i m i l e d distribu ion to L e a d l e s a n d e d u t a l o r s p s r m i i l e d b y M c G r a * - H i ) l for their individual c a u r s c preparation. I f y c u J r e a - L m l s n t mmg

3.50and3.31 The solid cylbidrcal rod BC of length 24 in is atuched to the rigid lever AB of length a = Ib in. and to the support at C. Design specications require that the displacement ofv not exceed 1 in. when a 100-lb forc P is applied at A For the material indicated determine the required diameter ofthe rod. 3.50 Steel: r = 12 ksi, =U.2
m

* 10*psi

I5<?.<?

A-

T T ( 11.

) ( o .

3 _

2(0 71" C/.2&(?0^

- fif. 7Jtf / / O

i'

C - O . 4S9X.il-

Problem 3.51

3.S0 and 3.51 The solid cylindricalrodfCoflength /. = 24 in. is atlached to the rigid lever AB of length = 16 in. and io the support at C. Design spacificalions retimre tliBt the displacement of-4 not exceed 1 in when a 100-lb forc P is applied at A For the material indicated dirtermine the required diameter ofthe rod. 3.S1 Aluminum: ^ " k s i . G = 3.9 * 10* psi.

T -

PCL <p = (10o ) ( l W 3 . ^ 3 3 3 = J 5 ? . 7 - ^ /

^ TT<q>

- 3

7T ( <7J>o )

3 I M

O - W V ,'ry

Problem 3.52

3.S2 A torque of magnitude T= 35 kip - in is applied at end A ofthe composite shaft shown. Knowing that the modulus ofrigidityis 11.2 * lO'psiforthesteeland 3.9 x 10 psi for the alurmnurn, determine (a) the mximum shearing stress in the steel core, () the mximum shearing stress in the aluminum jacket, (c) the angle of twist atA
S

cciSfidl

" *

e ^ r e .

A l u m i n u m jackat

T otr<| ije c<^v-t"i J by

ot~w i \j in j L,'. ^

' "
i

j~ ~

7" <W>LJ

3 5 "

'

28. l o v/c^

2-1: O ^o*

lo'

8.3*/*

f* J .
7

' = "8^3 les.'

1 > M I

rl

<J J
A

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

2 0 0 5 T h i M c G r a w - H i l l C o n i p a n i e s , [nc. A l l iiglils r e s e i v e d . N o part r i h i s Miinunl muy be displnyed

reproduced

or d i s t r b u i c d in any form or by any rncans. wirhoui [he prior writtcn p e r m i s s i o n o f ihe p u b l i s h e r , oc used b e y o n t tris l i i u i l e d dislribuljon lo e s c l t e i s anri e d u c t o r s pernutled tiy M c j r a w - H i l l lor ( h e i r i n d i v i d u u l cnurse p r e p i i n l i o n l yon Eire n s l u d e m using Ihis M a n u a l , y o u are using 1 wiEhoui permissicn,

Problem 3.53

3.53 The composite shatt shown is lo be (wisted by applyig a torque T at end A. Knowing fhat the modulus of rigidity is 112* 10'psi for (he steel and 3.9 * lO^psi for the aluminum, determine the largest angle through which end A can be rotated if the foliowing allowable stresses are not be exceeded = 8500 psi and T^,.^ 6500psi

tfat

X^i

n
2|m. i

Steel

cure

"

II.Zx/O* X I . / a s )

P R O P R I E T A R V MATfcRIAL.

C 2C06 T h e M c G r a i v - H i l l C o i i i i w r w s . I n c

A l l righls reserved

N . i p.in o f iftij M a n u a l m a y lie di > pin ye d. r e p r o d u c i d

or distitbultif in iny form or t>y a n y means, %nllit)iii Ihe prior writtcn p c m i i s s i c i i o f t h e publishcr, or used beyunil Ihe limiled distribu ion lo t a d i s r s jind c d u ; s t o r s pemil Med by tvU('rrnv-Hdl for their individual LSIIIESU prepararon l y o u are a LIIKIEIH n i i n g I h i j M i t t u a l . y o n j e f u s m | / II withour permissiou

Problem 3.54
2 m"

, 'H _ _ _\

3.54 The composite shaft shown consisis ofa 5-inm-thick hrassjacket ( G = 3 9 GPa.) hended to a 40-mm-diameter sieel core (G_j = 77.2 GPa). Knowing that the shaft is subjected to a 600 N ni torque, determine (a) the mximum sliearing stress in the brass jackel, (b) the mximum shearing stress in the steel core, (c) the angle of twist of B relative to A.
l M

Jiras; jfickel

L ^Z
Core fe* 1

Sfesi
s

mra

Steel core

^ ( O . O ^ ) ^

257.3^

- 1

(3MO )(J42.Wo- j

14. U S 3

T_K,P W ^ e

T = X +T_ T

^,J*,

<5_J_)-f
17.89*/ W O hu/*.

, _

= /7.^vo'

"

4 S

" MP-

r?.C

P _

r . ^ 2 7 . C MP_. - *
5 h

P B O P l t l E T A R Y M A T E R I A L , O 2006 T h e M c G r a w - H i l j C o i u p a H i e s i . M I n ^ M s reserved cduc_tor_ pEnuitled b y M c G i a v . - H i l l f j r ilicir m J i v i i l i i s ! course preparation- lyov

N o p _ r T o f i h i s M a n u a l m a y be dispJayed, l e p m d u c c d

u r j f i s i i i h u i a l in noy o n n o r b y a n y m c a n s . w i t h o u l ihe p r i o r wrjttcn permissiou o f ihe publisher. 01 n_cd l i c / n n r i iriR Jimited di_irihmion i& leacbers a n d are a studeni u s m g i h i M a n u a l , y o u are u . m g ii wiihuur permission

Problem 3.55

3.55 For the composiie shaft ofProb. 3.54, the allowable shearing stress in the brass jacket is 20MPa and 45 MPa in the steel core. Determine (a) the largest torque which caribe _pp!ied tothe shaft, {fo the corresponding anglr of twist of.fi relative t o ^ . 3.54 The composite shaft shown con3sts of a 5-mm-thick brass jacket ((?(_, ^39 GPal botided to a 40-mm-duimeter steel core ifl^ ~ 77.2 GPa). Knowing that the sliafl is subjected to a 600 N m torque, determine (a) the mximum shearing stress mthe brass jacket, (h) the mximum shearing stress in tile steel core, (c) the angle of mist ot' relative to A.

10

mm 1 mm

^Steel

core

SVei

C_ve ' L

/o'
2.S\,%% -*)" rv/

iT Q ^<J O

s
5

c ^ f -i o

sPz e J e

Ot (fe.)

/UfU^-Ue 4 - ^ _ PJj/**Mz

T = 17+7;

* Ss7.g

-^

~XM*W

A/M

PROPKIETAKV MATERIAL.

J0C& T h e M c O i a w H i I L C u m p o n c s , J r t . A l l n g h l s r e s e i v e J

No ruin o f lilis Manual m a y be i h . p ' n y e f . r e p ' o d u t c d

or d i w r i b u i d in any fciiui ui ty nny mefin_, w i c h u i i h pj-jor a u l l e n p_i u n c i n or h c p u b l i s h e t , o r x i . c d Lieytmit Lhc I i m i i c d distrib<ni LO L__UII-rr-i :sn<i etLicaiurs percmi'ed by M c G r a w - H i l i fd' ilieir individual c o i i r s c prcparacio-i, f you ai t a .itireni u^ing (his M a r u a L y o n J I T : u s i n g ii wtthovt p-nnissiOiii.

Problem 3.56

3.5* Two solid stccl thafts (G = 77.2 GPa) are connected to a coupling disk R and to fixed supports at A and C. For the loading shown, determine (t) the reaclion at each support, (A) Ihe mximum shearing stress in shaft AB, (c) the mximum shearing stress in shaft BC.

U-H- A B

I-PI

_T ^ L B -

T; 6

f._c_"?v/o" r c J .
t

fr\$t.Si7vl*)(H.US7*to~ )

Uo5i5*lo*

M-^

P H O P I U E T A R Y M A T E R I A L . O J O M H i t M i : ( . i r i w - H i l l G s i r i | M n i c s , Inc. A1I rigliis i s s c r v e d N c p j ' i n i H U M i m i n l m a v be dtsplayed, r e p r o d u c i d nr l i \ i r b i i i f d in BTJV form o r b y a n y means, w i t h o u l [he prici wiiLierirnirnnsaHir] o ihe p u b i s h e r , or used beyond I h e lin^iietJ di.Ltirtuiion fu teachers and educaiors pennilted liy Mc(riK-iHil! i b r i h e i r i n d i v i d u a l c o u r i e p r e p a r a r o n . I f y o n r e a suidum s i n ; tfiis M a n u a l , y o u are using it w i l h o u t p e u m ^ u m

Problem 3.57

3.S7 SolveProb 3.56, assiiming that shaftAS isrepiaeed by a holiow shaft ofthe same outer diameter and of 25-mm inner diameter. 3.56 Two solid steel shafts (O - 77.2 <JPa) are connected lo a coupling disk B and to fixed supports at.4 and C For the loading shown, determine (a) the reaction at cae support, ()the mximum shearing stress in shaft AB, (c) the mximum shearing ach stress irt shaft BC.

el

.1L

A 2

6 J,

77.a.*lO*X5'?5-.a'ySMO '')

SUf
T

se
= T
T i c "
8 t

Le
J

o. a o * j
( O - O C i ) * "

c = i i =
2CJ*K7|y

? ^
T

o-o^^

o"'

tn

S-

i"

44 ^ -

O. ASO

"

f.H * J D

2*2.

-/o?

+ GS.^lV>/o' ef,
J

A / - *

s / i r ^ ' n ^ s4r-es 11 *
s

Hit O Q U I E T A R Y M A T E R I A L ,

O 2 0 0 6 l l m M c O r n w - H i l I C o r r - p a n t s , Inc. A l ) r i g h i s r e ^ r v e d .

(

!lv vn n-, a ^udem

Problem 3.58

3.5S AtatTmewhen rotation is prevented at the lowerendof each shaft a 80-N m torque is applied to end A of shaft AB, Knowing that G * 77.2 GPa forbth shafts deterniine (a) Ihe mximum shearing stress in shaft CD, (A) the angle of rotation at A.

Let

~- fo^?ue *ftJ;tJ

*3 A - SO fJ*^

T^a " fW^ve * sta+f ,413

T -T,- Fr
A

= o

- - 0 A- T ^

( T

- T ^

Gea/

C D

G- J i

G J

& J

TC -

TT('0.Oc>75')

T G - C f

7 (77.^r/M{O.O^)'' 1

II."7
4>
A

*ld*r*J
o.C3

PKOFRJETARV MATERIAL

e 2 0 0 T h e M c G r a w - H i l l C o m p a n i c s , I n c . A l l rights r e s c r v i d . N o part a f Ihis M a i m a ] nmy lie d ^ p l a v a ) , reproduced I f y o u a i e a sludeiil using U m M a n u a l , y o n are using i i withoui pcnmissiori.

or di&tributed i n any form o r b y a n y iiieans, wilriuuL x prior w n l l e n p e r m i s t i n o f Ihe p u h h s h e r . or used beyond i h e limited disrtibtuicn 10 lea^beis a n d cducalors p e r m i t c d by M c G r a n - I I i l l for [heir indi d u a l c o u r s c preparation.

Problem 3.59

3.39 Solve Prob 3.S8, assuming that the 80-N m torque is applied to end C of shaft CD 3.SB Al a time when rotation is prevented at thelower end of each shaft, a 80-N mtorqueis applied toend-4 ofshaft-t. Knowing that G = 77.2 GPa forboth shafts, determine (d) the mximum shearing stress in shaft CD, (_b) the angle of rotation ttt A.

5*0 W

7*B

I M lif*f A 8

Ann-fes. of +w,-s*

<ft -

J k L

03* ( ^
+

- *

2 -

f ) T - ( ( f r ^ ) r

3~e

'1
IT C - ~ T (0.0075)' T

()

Ardite

>\$ r j T l i ' t f i

P K O P R I E T A R Y MATERIAL.

<O20Oij T!t M c C i E a w - H i i l I ^ m n i m a s , ]nr A ti n g h r s reserved. N o ^art o f tiiis M J N U I I I muy be d i s p l u y c d , r e p r o d u c i d

s h

or d i s i i i b u l e d m iny liirrr, or by nny m e a n M'iihout ihe prior w i t e r i p e m s s i c u - t i i : a r v i b s h e r , o u d b c y o n d (he Jimitcd disluljutiou tu [eachers ind educaiors pcmniitcd by M c G t a w - H i l l fi>r i l ^ i r m d i vidual coursc prcparailon. lyaa a r e a Btudeiil u i i n g IEIH M.inu<d, y o n are using it w i i h o u i p c m i j s s i o i i

Problem 3.60

3.60 A solid shaft and a holiow shaft are made of the same materia! and are ofthe same weight and length Denoting by n the ratio e,/c,, show that the ralio TJ'!\ofthe torque ", in the solid shaft to the torque T^inthe holiow shaft is(a)v'I -rr/(l +/ ) if the mximum shearing stress is the same in each shaft, (>) (1 - n)/(l + /r ) jf the angle of twist is the same for each shafi
3 1

=0

"

J ;

TIL

TLk
f- r

I -

Problem 3.61

3.61 A torque T is applied as shown to a solid tapered shaft AB. Show by integration that the angle of twist a M is 9 =

G-sT
J =
L

Gf J y
1

irGc*
TI S e * \

yi
y* " _ J _ , _L

irGc*

y
2 L

2 X C - - - ] 3T.lf 7 7 77 yv.j

.
"

7 T L
TTC-C*

Problem 3.62

S.62 Ai)ftnnularpate of UiitkJiess and modulus of jigidilv G is used to eonnecT sha.ti.AB nfradiusr, to tubeCJof inner radiusr,. Knowing llial a torque T is applied to end A of shaft AB nnrt that end D of tuce CD is fixed, (n) determine the magnitude and (ocation of iht mximum shearing slress in the unnular plaie, (>) show ihat llve angle through which end B of llic shaft rotates with respect to end C ofthe tube is

Use. o. -Pvet L o d
por-Tloio or fie

r t C a V y

- T

= o

(0

i.
K''
4

--

T A

x .

7-fGt/o r

p ^ _

; r r f G

p* T
1

2~flG

t
r,

.,
r ,
1

T
TGt 'TT

T G-t

PROPRlfcTAKV MATEHJAL. edjuautt

2 0 0 6 T h e M c G i a w - H i l t Ujmpariics

I n c . A l l rights

rcscrved

N o p n r i o t i h i s M a n u a l tnay be rJisplaycd, reproduced

or d i s t r i b u i d in any f o m i o by j n y means, widiour ihe prior wriTten penmsMiin o H b e publigtwr, or used b ^ a n d l i c hmiied d i s n i b u i i c n lo icacticrs ajid p r n r i l i c d by M c O r a w - l I i l l tor Men

i(iiJmnl

coiirsc

r=parJ.Lion I f y i n a i e a [udem. using.

9 M a n u a l , y j u 1 1

t e u s m ^ it w n h u i pe rmiistOn.

Problem 3.63

3.63 An annular brass piale (G ~ 39 GPa), uf hickness = 6 mm, is iised to connect the brass shaft AB, oflength , = 50 mm and radius r, = 30 mm. lo the brass tube CD, oflength L - 125 mm, inner radius r = 75 mm, and thickness I = 3 mm Knowing that a 2.8 kN m torque T is applied to end A of shaft Af and that end D of tube CD is fixed, determine (a) the mximum shearing stress in the sliafl-plalc-lube system, (b) the angle through which end A rotates. (Hint Use the formula derived in Prob. 3.62 to solve part b.)
2

Shoff AS

Te.

ZT
7TC
3

TTV, *

y o"

-fe

"

*****

= -

W ^ W f t 2Z.5 M f * .
-

5 h * N - t o

C, -

r\ =

O . O T S * ^

r + - 0.015*0.003 =

= o.o?g *

AE .-3

. p

S U f + CD

-3

Problem 3.64 4.5 Ir. -4-500 p

Using an allowable shearing stress of 4.5 ksi, design a solid steel shafl lo transmit 12 hp at speed of (a) 1200 rpm, (A) 2400 rpm
3 6 4

p.- a h

- (m(,oo) -

iaoo T
r _ Tc

c - V ^ r

2. IT f

2TT

(lo)

Problem 3.65

3.65 Using an allowable shearing stress of50MPa. designa solid steel shaft to transmit 15 kW at afrequencyof (o) 30 Hz, (*)0H.

?u 5o MPc -- So y o"

p-- is- kW - j\r*7o W -

*- '

-I

'

T7C3

form or by a n y m e a n ; . wiUiauL I I (ino, grieten p e m i s s i c u o f ihe publishor, u . used teyond ihe limitad dshil,uLii,i, to leac-bcs and e d u c a l m s p c n m l i e . l by M c G r a w - H U l for their individual c o u i s e preparalmp.. lfyou are a sudan us.ng Ibis M u m u l , you are using i> wnhoi! p e m n r o o n . i
K

P R O P R 1 E T A R V M A T E R I A L . E 2 0 0 6 T h e M c G w v - I lili C c m p a n . B . Inc. A l l n bls r e s c r v c d . N o par o f lilis M a m a l miiy b e d i s p l a v t d or disLtibulcd ir, any

Problem 3.66

3.66 Determine the mximum shearing stress in a solid shaft of I2-mm diameter as it transmit 2 5 kW at afrequencyof (a) 25 Hz, ( i ) 50 Hz.

ISoo

Problem 3.67

3.67 Detcnnme the maximimisr^ing stress in a solidshaflof 1.5-n diameter as it transmit 75 hp at a speed of (J) 750 rpm, (A) 1500 rpm.

F S O P R J E T A R Y M A T K K I A L . 2 ( K l o " T l i e M c G i a w - H i l l C c m p a n i e s , I n c . A l l rights r t s c r v e d . N o p a r t o f ihis M a n u a l m a y be displayed, rcprodnced or d i s u t i t t e d in any forai o by any means, w i i h o u i the prior w r i t i c n p c r m i s M o f Ihe p u b s h c r . or i H c d b c y o n d ihe limitcd diitribulion to t e a c h c t i and cducalors p e r m i t t c d b y M c G r a w - H i l l dr iheir individuo] coiirsp preparad un. I f y o n :rre i nludeTil u s i i ^ llns M a n u a l , yini :ire nsin^ l w i t h o u l p e r m i s i n .

Problem 3 68

^' ^" ' * diameters are respectivery equal to 2.25 in and I 75 in. Knowing that the shaft iransmits 240 ip while rotating al ! 800 rpm, determine (a) ihe mximum shearing stress, ib) the ancle of twist of the shafl (G = 11 2 > 10 psi).
S

6S

v e

s h a f t

s 6

ft

1 0 1 1 8

a r , d i t s 0 l l t e r

m<

m n e r

GFt

= 73 , n .

- i

- .'. US

....

C ,-

- .0.875 i * .

( a i

M_->- r v w - i

s l i e i . ' ' ' n ^

s - f ^ e ^ s .

(u

-i

________

- 65.%Q * /o

/wf

C - ,'i'iO P

PfOblem 3 69

U
-C -k

HO
too -

^ ^ ^ ^" ^^ f ^' P ' ' ^ l o r i g . and its outer and inner diameters are 400 mm and 200 mm, respectively The shaft is made ofa Steel for which = 60 MPa and G = 77.2 GPa. Knowing thar the mximum specd of rotation ofthe shaft is 160 rpm, determine (a) the mximum power ihat can be transmined bv one shaft to it : propeller, (?>) ihe corresponding angle of twist ofthe
1

n e o

l w o h o

o w

v e s

s e s t o

shaft.

O. 2 ' J O

c, -

= / o o *

O . I H

J - \ (.C-i - C " J '

t

f (0.20o'*- O. I 0 o " 1 -

3 5 6 5 x / o " rt)*
3

77. v / o

* ;

z.

a v / o"

FROPRIETARY MATERIAL

l l i c M i i i n n v - H i l l l u m pirales. Inc

A l l rig!"! r e K r " c J .

No p a n o f thi M a n u a l iriay lie displaycd. itpriirlirceit using (tas M a n u a l , y u u a r u LI-.>II >i 11 w i i h o m p r n n i s i o n .

disiribuied in any fono o r b y a n y meatis. w i i h o u l the p n o r w r i i l c n (jeuiiissiiin i i r i J i - i i i i M i s i i m , or used bcvciid tli_- limitcd di j n i b u n o i i Le t t h c i ' u i d edutature pijNiuiiEd h y Mk-ljravw-Hill tbr iheir individual e c u r s : preparatian. I f y o u are a smtni

Problem 3.70

3.70 While a steel shaft of the cross section shown rotates at 120 rpm, a stroboscopic measutement indicates that the angle of twist is 2 in a 12 ft length. Using G = 11.2 * 10 psi, determine the powei bdng transmitted.
a 6

in. ~

J ( J

3
0

I.S r.

C, -

% t

- .

no..

T-

T ~

77^

21.031

*o

-iK

Problem 3.71

3.71 Determine the required thiokness ofthe 5p-mm tubular shaft of Example 3.07, if it is to transmit the same power wliile rotating at a frequeney of 30 Hz.

G-i ve.*-,

f - SO rf-_ P

T =

Tc

_ _

Tc-

- c

4
-rr-r

(lt30.5'2Ko.OA5'

*v-i h

' 2 . 6 < f

r'HOPWKTAKVMATKRIAI.

2IH)> 1 he M u f t r a w - H i l ! C'nmpnnies, I n c

A l ] n g h t s ressrved

N o p s r t o f i l i i s M a n u a l m a y b : displaytrf. r e p r o d u c i d

or disiributed in any form or by any uteans, ^ i l h o m i h e prior w r i l t s u perrriissioii o f Ihe p u b l i s h e i , 0 u*ed lieyoud llie l i m l r d ili^lribuiion lo lerchers a n d 1 educators p c r m i i t c d b M c G r a w - H i l ] for their individual coursc preparation. y I f y o u are a studeni u s i n g ibis M a n u a l , y o n are using i l w i i h o u l p e n n i s s i o n .

Problem 3.72

3.'2 The design of a machine element calis for a 40 mm-outer-diameter shafl lo transmit 45 kW (a) I f ihe speed of rotation is 720 rprn, dwermine the mximum shearing stress in shaft a. (b) I f the slsat of rotation can be in-reased 50% to 1080 rpm, determine the largest inner diameter of shaft h for which the mximum shearing stress will be the same in each shaft. 770 P T -

(Q1
(a)

f~ -

\h)

7.T

L = 4 7._"MP_

T"

45

^Tc
TT _

^ - m * y ^ l < f - ? * }
C, T IS.ZOy.IO y 15.30 WK.

, 3 . 3 2 3

C , ~

IS.ZO*lO

4.-

2c, * S o . '

Problem 3.73

iji A steel pipe of 72-mm ouier diameter is tobe used lo transmit a torque of2500 N ra without exceeding an allowable shearing stress of 55 MPa. A series of 72-rnmouter-diameter pipes is available for use Knowing that the wall thickness of the available pipes vares from 4 mmto 10 mmin 2-mm increments, -hoose the lighiest pipe that can he used.

(2 iirn

Z Tcg.

^ -rrt: '

G37.S7x/o~

^S. 2.6" iv,M Ust 3 =

PROPRItTARY MATERIAL.

O 2 0 0 ( i " l " l i e . M r G r a w - [ [ i [ l C o m p a n i e s , liiu. A l l righis r e s e r v e ! Ng :ioi[ nfhrlj? M a n u a l inay be disriluyed. rrprodticed I f y o i i ate a sludeul usini; ihis M a n u a l , y o n are usinj; ir v.ilhrmt p i r m i s s i o n

or di&irjburci m arty firm or by any mc^ns, wittioiii ilic r m s uicitisn pcnru&sinfl o Un: p ^ l i s r ^ f , o r n c d f c c y e n t i il"n= l i i m i r d d i i i i b i n i o i i to t e n a i s nnd I t i c a t o r s ptrmiited by N c G i a . Y Hill (or ilicir individual c o i m e |]!cp.iniiton.

Probtem 3 . 7 4

* A 2,5-m-lorig sod steel slwft is to transmit 10kWatafrequoncyof25Hz Determine the required diameter of the shaft, knowing that G = 77.2 GPa, that the allowable shearing stress is 30 MPa, and that the angle of twist must not exceed 4
D

_ [ 0 _ *

IO

7T (

* l

_ _

lUe.

+ U

-PIV*J-

v^oe

C-

11.70*7

^.f^w
s o f i d s t e e l s h a f t o f

Problem 3 7 5 '

' - " * 8 22-mm diameter is to transmit 12 kW. Determine the minimiimfiequencyat which [he shaft can rotate, knowing that G = 77.2 GPa, tliat tlie allowable shearing stress is 30 MPa, and that the angle of twist must not exceed 3.5.
3 75 A 1 5 m Ioi,

I_ - 1 . 5 m

C ^

J = I I ^

0.0.1n

| 2 kV/ =

II*/o* I V

cp^

"

G l . 0 S 7 * / 0

r*aj ~

G=

'ILUDI*

Pa.

-T.-lOv/o'p^

Stress T-= -r J
?

ye^u>iV-e.^w-rvt
^ C ^ -

~ "^^3
-

^ - ( S O x I o ' X O - O M ^

Z?>177_

N ' W

-(.

yf\~TL

2TL

T = QX.72Z

PROPRIE TAR Y MATERIAL

2 0 0 6 T h e M c G r a u - H i l l C o m p a n i c s . I n c . A l l righrs
, L

reserved.

N o part o f ihis M a n u a l m a y he d i s p l a y e d . r e p r o d u c i d
1

o r d i s r n b u l e d in any o r m or hy nny m e a o s , u.'ilhiini Ihe jiritir varillen penm M<m u T l I i e puiitislier. 0 used lieyortd Ihe hriiled disUrbulion lu Lcaclier. . JWE 1 educalois pennitled b y M c G r a w - H i l l for Bis ir i n d i v i d u a l c o u r s c preparation. [ f y o u are a s t u d c n i u s i n g lilis M a n u a l , y o u ae u s i n g i l wilhout permissiem. r

Problem 3.76

3.76 The two solid shafts and gears shown are used to iransmit 16 hp fiom the motor mA operating at a speedof 1260 rpm, to a machine too 1 at D. Knowing that each shaft has a diameter of 1 in., determine trie mximum shearing stress (a) in shaft AB, in shaft CD.

(/>}

( C 0

Sh^T

AS :

f^Ukp-

(,)(o)=

}OSS>lO

n-^/se

T' ( o - i n

ib) ShcP-f CD
Y^TAB ' f O o > . 3 0 TTC 333.37 *fQ JU->t*
%

. 7 9 te.'

Problem 3.77

3.77 The nvo 3olid sliafls and gears shown are used to transmit 16 hp frurn the motor at A operating at a speed of 1260 rpm, to a machine tool at D. Knowing that the mximum allowable shearing stress is 8 ksi, determine the reqgired diameter (o) of shaft

AB.(b)cr&?CD
(A) S U ^ f AS '. "P^ l& dp
;

6VOOV

y?o

A c
S

2 "

X'
T

ef. - 'c - 0 . 7 ^ ,'h,

B

ib) S U f f C D

c=

IT (S * (o* )

problem 3.78

* A steel shaft must transmit 150 kWatspeedof 360 rpm. Knowing that G = 77.2 GPa, design a solid shaft so that the mximum stress will not exceed 50 MPa and the angle of twist in a2.5-mlength must not exceed 3 .
o

So kVJ -- 150*10* W

? = ~f

Q Hz

Usi

^c^e^

vJue. ^

c
7 9 A
2

3 7 .

O O * * ,

o l -

2c '74.0

Problem 3 79

- - - 8 steel shaft of 30-mm diameter roales at afrequencyof 30 Hz Determinethe mximum powerthat the shaft can transmit, knowing that G * 77 2 GPa, that tlie allowable shearing su ess is 50 MVn, and that Ihi: angle of twist must not exceed 7 5"

3 o n

Tfrc/.

"y

Tr(77.**l0 X.36*l'*)
1

Tc

c
T w i s l

"

* (p = 7 . *
w

a-^A
GJ"

v - e ^ . V e w ^ f

1 3 0

70

v /o" *

6 * 77.? vlo*" Pe

T*

?Gc p *
V

TTf>C l ^ . a W O ' ^ O i S ^ v . e y / ?

803.GO

NJ-^

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

2 0 0 6 T h e M u t m i w - H t l ] C o m p a n i t s , I n c . A I J r i g h u r e s e r v a ! . rSiTpiii ot this M a n u a l m a y be d i s p l a y e d , rupnirluced Jf y o u ar* siudenr using ihis M a n u a l , y e i are using it w i i h o m p c m i i i s i o r j

or d i i u b u t E i i in any form or by any rjicans, wjihouT tht prior w i i n e n p e n n i s s i o n a f i n e pubJisher, ot used beyond [he limired distribulicji lo [cachera and e d u t W r s pcrrrtitled by M c f i r a w - H i l l for rheir individual coursc p r e p a r i r i o i .

Problem 3.80

i - d i a m e t e r steel shaft oflength 4 ft wili be used to transmit 60 hp between a motor and a pump Knowing that G = 11 2 * 10* psi, determine the loweat speed of rotation at which the stress does not exceed 8500 psi and the angle of twist does not exceed 2
3

S<>

& * l
Sirtes

.lT.

L"C"
1,

H f t H 8 \. p^<

feo '~ -

1^ -

296

y/d

4>-/s

ra^'Vevifit

~T T C ^

G I
i-

-rr&c*
4^

P -

Problem 3.81

5-ft-long solid steel shaft of 0.875-in. diameler is to transmil 18 hp. Determine the mnimum speed at which ttie shaft can rotate, knowing that G = 11.2 10 psi, that the allowable shearing stress is 4.5 ksi, and that the angle of twist mus not exceed 3.5.
s

-r

&Tj

Gc^fp

ir Q / . 2 W o ' X a 4 3 7 5 V f c ) . o g 7 w o - )
< i

P H O P R I &T A R Y M A T E R I A L .

2 0 T h e M c G r a w - I I i l l C o m p a n i e s , luc. A l l nglits l e s c r m l

N n nirt o f this M a n t i ! m a y bedisptayeri, reproduced

ordistributed m any f u m i i liy any nuHrv^ I M (henil I h e prior w r i i c n permission o f ihe p u b l s h e i , or used beyond the l u m i a E di-,',nhi ilion lo renchers and c d u c a i r s pcrniuicd. b y M c G r a w - H i l l for h e i r individual c o u i s e fjit-pfaiiLin II yi>n TP I smdcnt u s i n g this M a n u a l y o u J t e u s i n g i l '^iUicul p e t n i i ? i n

Problem

3.82

3.82 A I5-n>long tubular steel shaft of 38-rnm outer diameter t/, istobe madeof a steel for which v = 65 MPa and = 77.2 GPa Knowing that the angle of twist must not exceed 4 when the shaft s subjected to a torque of 600 N m, determine the largest inner diameter d which can he specifed in the design.
a o

L - \.Sv* di = 38 mu

C = ^ d
a

- l<=t*M - O, Otf

h,

i i r a i-^ e-v

T L

2 T L

Ti C 7 7 . 2 y O ) (69, 8 3 * / O '

C, = Kl.HHS y / o
Use i w J i e ^

3 ,

t-, - 12. WS
& C, C i
(

/.Ju*

U.6fi*r

Problem

3.83

3.83 A 1.5-m-Iong tubular steel shaft of 38-mm outer diameter d and 30-mm inner diameter d is to transmit 100fcWbetween a turbine and a generator. Determine the mnimumftequencyat which the shaft can roate, knowing that C 77.2 GPa, that the allowable shearig stress is 60 MPa, and that the angle of twist must not exceed 3 .
2 o

1-5"

\$ - S 2 . y

\o-

d = 33 mra

7/*

fi^W*

fe

Ci

0.019

T L
I >#l3"f

^ T t p
L

(77. Z v l

X / Z 5". f S W o ~ * )

3Q x , o'* )

\.s
-fot^i/e i fAji- S ^.c^Jcr NAX-Pje T -

3 3 7 . 35" N - " - .

Hi*liUki

eJ^osTeJaie.

3 3 7 . 35"

7WvS^;fW

P " 1 0 0 fcW - 100*10*

f-StV^T

27? T

271

(337.35-)

3.S4 The stepped shaft shown rotates at 450 jpm. Knowing that r 0.5 in, determine that mximum poiver that can be transmirted without exceeding an allowable shearing stress of7500 psi.

d - S 3 =
Fe*-

t> ~ in.

J " T t

!--'> He
S.^ujef

r.
=1

0.5

Fro^ F , 3.32.
4

.rlee. ~ " (0(1-33)

T = -P HSO

* - 7.5 Hz

Problem 3.85

3.85 The stepped shaft shown rotates at 450 rpm. Knowing that r = 0.2 in., determine that mximum power that can be transmitted without excectling an allowable shearing stress of 7500 psi.

i\a

i. F Fa. 3.31 K \.S5 vrc 1^.76 v / O

3 3

I _ 0.2 _
Fo>" s A . ^ e / '
3

i'W

T -

7TC <
2* "

7 .)^7SOo') T
CZXl-S*}

7.."h

J

N,> inri ofthis M a n u a l imy

be dis|>layiii. reproducid
1

or d i s t r i b u i d ni a n y Ibrm or by any m c a n j . witliout i b ? p n o i wirUmi n e r m i s s i c n c f the ]>iibl'3ler. or used beyoitil Lliu tiniired disirifcuoit (o t c j c b e i ; aiui ff y o u d j c a ^UH ?FI usitig dn \ t a n u d . y o u L LLMUR it .v^fioiil oertntsaLoii

Problem 3.86
<3Q r ; u n

3.8< iiowing thal the stepped shaft shown must transmit 45 kW speed of 2100 rpm, determine the mnimum radius r of the fiilet if an allowable shearing stress of 50 MPa is not to be exceeded.

-loo
3

P - 45 y l o W

ir

D \r

GO

F, = 1
( O . / T

F/^'- 3 . 3 ^ 5".]
M

= o.

17

o . n

1(3oi -

Problem 3.87

3.87 The stepped shaft shown must transmit 45 kW Knowing that the aliowable shearing stress in the shaft is 40 MPa and that the radius of the fillet is r = 6 mm, determine the smallest permissible speed ofthe shaft

30

D _ d "

O 3a

- 2

30 mJ

T C

2* f =

"

W 1(1.26")

4S kv/ = 45"* I C ^ a ir T 2.TI ( l g . 3 ^ v o )

3

4-2.6 Wi

42.6 M

PKUPHJKI'ARy MATERIAL.

3 2 0 0 6 T h e M c G r a w - H N I C o m p a n f c s , [ n c . A l 1 righls reserved. N o par o f l h i M a n u a l may lie tlispiaverf, rrproriuced

o r d i s t r b u l c d I any form oi"by a n y nieaiis, M'ithmit Ifiu prior wrilLen p e r m i s i n o l Ihe pubhsher. or used bcvorid Ihe limited disEribuIion to tcachers and P cducaiors pcnmtilcd by M c G r a w - H l for iheir individual course preparation. I f y o u are a s r u d e u l using ilu>, Momia], yon tire using t w i i h o u ! p c n i i i s s i o n .

Problem 3.88

3.88 A torque of magnitude T = 200 ib in. is applied to the stepped shaft shown, which has a M I quarter-circular fillet. Knowing that D = 1 in , determine the mximum shearing stress in the shaft when (a) d = 0.8 in.. (fr) d= 0.9 in.

"j

"

O.-3

Fr^

F,^. 3.32.

K = |.3I

jFull truarter-cirtular flirt extHncis l u e d g e o f l a r g s r shaft

" ^ c T

ir(o.H")

trivio
7 ^ z /

p s

F^p**

F7^, .3,32.
o.4S" > > V 2.01 ksi

c . l j r

Problem 3.89

3.89 ln the stepped shaft shown, which has a fbll quarter-circular fillet, D = 1 25 in. and /= 1 in. Knowing that the speed ofthe shaft is 2400 rpm and that the allowable ahearing stress is 75O psi, determine the mximum power that can be iransmitted by the

s at h f.

D - e)l =

O . 15"

in.

. ~
F u l ! (juarter-cireular dilu P I P I K I I t o e r i g e &f l a r g a r s l i n f t

2T

. K . 3 1 1
4 r ^ ZlDp iAp
M

"

4 0 r-/z

41. S hp

Problem 3.90

3.90 In the stepped shaft shown, which hasafuil quarter-circular fillet, the allowable shearing stress is 80 MPa. Knowing that> = 30 mm, determine the largest allowable torque that can be applied to the shaft is (a) d = 26 mm, (A) d = 24 mm.

r= {n-J)
l

0-OT4B

F u l ] q u a r t e r - c i r c u l a r fillet ralends t u erige o f larger shaft

2K
203

"
M-K.

01)0-38)

0*

^ *

KlH-,

2i

- o. tas"

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

2 0 0 6 T h e M c G r a w - H i t l Contpanies, I n c . A l l lighls reserved. N o p a n o f l h i s M a n u a l itiay be displayed, r c n m i l i i o t d I f y o u a r e n sfudent using this M a n u a l , y o u are using j( wjdjoLil p c r m i s s i o n .

or distribuicd i n any form c r b y a n y means, whhouL ihe prior "wriuen p e n n i s s i o n o f t h e publifher, a r i s e d b e y o n d ihe 3 i miied d i s t r i b u ion lo t e a t h c r s and edticalors p e m n i r e d by M c G r n w - H i l t for Ihpjr individual course p r e p a r a c i n

Problem 3 91

- -- ' sUd shaft is made of a mild steel that is assumed to be elastopiastic with ty = 20 ksi. Determine the mximum shearing stress and the radius of ihe elastic core causad by lile applicaiion o a torque of magnitude (a) 30 kip in., (A) 40 fcip n.

i n

a n i e t e r

rJ

(b>

T =

40

k . t
r

>

pAr-f/c

r T , ( i - ^

Problem 3.92

3.9Z A 38-mm-diameter solid shaft is nade ofa mild steel thal is assumed to he clastaplayic with r = 145 MPa. Determine the mximum shearing stisss and the radius oflheelasc corecauscd by the applicaiion of a torque ofma^tude (a) 1.2 kN-ni, (A) I.K kN m.
y

C = <k '

O.0\<\

T/

?5o

* />'

Pa

tal

j.2 x lo

tJ-*

<

ejWfe

^> * c * | ^

^o

o. W W C

( a ^ I ^ H V O . H )

= O.O.ISZ

p ~=/5",sWM*
r

Problem 3.93

3.93 It is observed that a straightened paper clip can be twisted through severa! revolucin by tlie applicaiion of a torque of appr o:\irnate1 y 60 rriN m Knowing thai the diameter of thewirein the paper clip u 0.9 mm, detrjame the approximate valu ofthe yietd stress of the steel.

r =34KlPL
r

Probfem 3.94

3.94 A 1,25-in -diameter solid rod is made of an elastopiastic material wnh r, = 5 ksi Knowing that the elastic core ofthe rod is of diameter I i n , determine the magnitude ofthe torque applied to the rod. ?f - O v/o
5

p-s.'

- %d

O.S

in.

Problem 3.95

3.95 The solid circular shaft shown is made of a steel that is assumed to he elastopiastic wrth ty= 145 MPa. Determine that magnitude T ofthe applied torque when the plstic zoneis (a) 16 mm deep, (b) 24 mm deep.

; =

3 2 TIWO

i - r

'

<ff) t p

14

in*,

0.0/4 ^

- c - t

= O. OZX-O.OlL

O.Oi

(.W) t * 2t
p

O-Ctc*^

fo-*

C~

tf

-0.021-O.OL>i

* O.Og^

PROPBIETARY MATERIAL

0 2 ( 1 0 6 T h e M c t i r a w - H i l l C u i i | i s i > i e s , JJIC. A U righls l e s c r v d . N o p a n o f i h i t M a n u a l n i a y b c d i s p l a y c d ,

reproducid

or d i ^ i n h u i c j nt ity o i r j o by a n y m e a r a , w i t h o u l the prior w n r i : n p e n n i s s i m o f t h e publishcr, oc used b e y o n d ihe Junjird d i s i n b m i o n lo la^lier^ jjml t d u c a l o i permilied bv M c G r i w - H i l l for ihcir individua) e o u r s c prcpnraltori Jl y o n are slmlen! u . m MUS M a n u a l , yon a n UHUg t w i l h o u t p c r m i s i o n .

Problem 3.96
T

3.96 For the shaft and loading of problem 3.95, assuming that G = 77.2 GPa determine the angle of twisi in a 1.5-m length ofthe shaft. 3.95 I he solid circular shaft shown is made of a steel that is astumed to be elastopiastic with r , * 145 MPa. Detennine that magnitude f o f the applied torque when the plstic zone is (a) 16 mm deep, (b) 24 mm deep. 3 2 v , = o.ozz
M

l45~*/o P<*
c

G - 11.2*

lo*

P*.

US r*

9KM

/o. 0 3
0. 25a

d> - - i ! L -

8B.QjL*io

4? =

Problem 3.97

3.97 The shaft;!/? is made ofa material that is elastopiastic with r = 90 MPa and G 30 GPa For the loading shown, determine (a) the radius ofthe elastic core ofthe sha, (6) the angle of twist at end B
7

12 m m

fa\ c = 1 2

- 0.012.

= 00 N m

x. = r ^ c

PROPHIK. I'ARY M A T E R I A L . o r d i j i r i b u i f d in

any

foiii

by any m e a n s , withaue i h e prior

vrizic prriris&i'ju o f ie

p u b r ^ l i c i , t i m ^ e d b ? y o n d rtic l i n i t o d disinbiition

eltrrjuors pcrmjiicd bv M c G r a w - H i l l for tfieii indi vidual CLIUF^I- pT^pnraiion. I f you are a s i u d e n l using this M a n u a l , v o u are \ising i Vrithom p e r m i s s i o n .

Problem 3.98

A0.754n.-diametersohdcinajlarshaiUsm to be elastopiastic with ry 20 ksi and G = 11.2 * 10* psi. For a 4-ft length of the sha, determine the mximum shearing stress and the angle of twist caused by a 18001b- in, torque.

Tf - ^

= J c

- J (t>.Z7s)Xao*kf) -

A - .

, J t

( j _

Problem 3.99

A solid circular rod is made of a material that is assumed to be elastopiastic Denoting by t and respectiveiy, the torque and the angie of twist at theonset ofyield, determine the angle of twist s. the torque is increased lo (o) T = l.IT, (b) T- I.25T, (c) T= 132: >
r

PROPKIETARY MATERIAL.

2 0 0 T b c M t G r a w - I I i l l C o m p a m e s , i n c . A l l righls t c s c r v c d . N o p a f l o f t h i s

M a n u a l m a y be displaycd, reproduced

o distribuled in any forai fu by a n y m c a n s . w i h o u t the prior w n t t e n p e r m i s i n o r i b e pnbhf.hnr, n r u s e i l beyuruT LIIE limited iti^iribiiiiun in leuchers mil cducatorspermirled by M c f j n i w - H i l l Tai iheir individua] ismise pieparaLion. I f y o u a r c a studcnl using thi& M a n u a l , y o u are using it withoul p e r m i s t i n .

Problem 3 100

3.100 A 1.25-in. diameter solid circular sha is made ofa material that is assumed to be elastopiastic with ry = 18 ksi and G = 11 2 * 10 psi. For an 8-ft length of tlu: shaft, determine [he mximum shearing stress and the ainJe of twist caused by a 7.5 kip in. torque.
6

i. = R

T = 7 . S k.>-*

-=-(*lo

Jh-i

r 3>

= _

(/ i

- *#S

^ i

P R O P K I K l'ARY M A T E R I A L .

Ihen individual

COUH

picpaialmn

[1 y o n are a s r u d f n l using rlus M a n u a l , y 3 u are using ic willurii permissign

Problem 3 101
/ J
T

'

^ holiow shaft shown is made of steel which is assumed to be elastopIasticwithr =145MPaandG = 77.2 GPa. Deteimine the magnitude Tof the torque and the conesponding angle of twist (a) at the onse ofyield, ib) when the plstic zone s 10 mm deep.
e

x

= lfC e*"
c

' O

) " f(^- S>''-3.0/^)

>

1.23.40 x l o

- 6

O", 030"

(k)

t~

0*010

rn

^ - - q - t

0 03O
r

~ O.f

O.OZQ

G/V

' (77.2>7o^Ia7oT

J,

= ^

(0.020'-

o.

o<3S ) ? zis.<vs
,(

*IQ~

1 1

K,'

T^-^,/e;

CAV"!

e*/ y jxVsfVc

p^r^ie^

3
y
i><

T- n. 7.3]

krJ - rn - *

Problem 3 102

A g \

ForlheshaftofProb.3.101,determirt(a)theangleoft^ sh ft S becomes ftilly plstic, (b) the corresponding magnitude r o f l h e torque. Sketch the T-<f> curve fot the sha
ft rst

1 0 2

3.101 The holiow shaft shown is made of steel which is assumed to be elastopiastic with r = 145 MPa and G = 77.2 GPa. Determine the magnitude To the torque and the corresponding angle of twist (a) at the onsel of yield. (h) when the plstic zone is 10 mm deep
T

A&*

- ^ - fVoUe-, s . i o i

g> - Lt-*-

= 7.31

ktJ-v^

17-

43. O /.-SI

7.&I

7.6t

T leN-v*

3.103 A steel rod is machitted to the shape shown ta form a tapcrcd solid sha to which torques of magnitude 7"= 75 kip in. are applied. Assuming the steel to be elastopiastic with " - 21 ksi and G = 11.2 x 10 psi, determine (o) the radius ofthe elastic core in ponion AB of the shaft, (/>) the length of portion CD which remains fully elastic.
6 r

3T

^ = 3.70

P R 0 F R 1 E T A H V M A T E R I A L 2 0 0 5 T h s M c G r a w - H i l l C o m p a n i e s , I n c . A l l righls reserved. N o p a n o f i h i s M a n u a l m a y be displayed. r e p r o d u c i d i>[ d t i i b u e d I D any form or ty any m e a n s , w i t h o u l ihe prior w r i n e n p e r m i s s i o n ul i h e pubhshcr, iir u s t d beyond ilie liunted disiiibulior, [o teachers and d u c a i o r s pcrmitlcd by M c G r a w - H i l i for I h e u individual cuurse p i e p a a t i o n . I f y o n a r c a studem using this M a n u a l , y o u are using i withoul perm i s i i o n .

X04 I f the torques applied to the tapered shaft of Prob. 3,103 are sbwly increased, determine (a) the magnitude 7'ofthe largest torques which can be appliud to the shaft, {b} the length of he ponion CD which remaba fiilly elastic 3.103 A steel rod is macliined to the shape shown to form a tapered solid sliaft T which torques of magnitude T= 75 kip in. are applied. Assurning the steel to be O clasmpiasticwith r , - 2 1 ksi and G = 11.2 * 10" psi, determine (ni the radius ofthe elastic core in ponion Affcf the shaft, (!>) the length of ponion CD which remains ^Uy el&sic

Xf.

pocin

AB

C -

2.5 11.

Hillo*) ()

tg.ctozv

lo*

. / H

T=

25".9 kp-in

l o
1.15 5 o.

t.So 1.5o

~ 1. 3 7 5 " g o I . -xs

_ ~

^ 5

= I?. H

S ir?.

i.f>o

O 2006'1 lie M c t i n w Hill C u m p a ni i>. I n c . A l l r i g h i s reserved. N o p a r o f ihis M a n u a l may tu. ilisplayetl, r e p r o d u c i d

1

nr distiibutcd in any o r m o r by any nieans, wirlioul Ihe prior w r i r i s n p e r m i s s i c i m f (lio pitt>lr.hrr, or used b c y o n d i h c limiled disiribulion lo ieachei : and cducalois p e i u i i l l c d h y M t i r a w - H i l l lor their individual c o u r s c p r e p a r a r a n . I f y a u a r e a. sLUdcntuEing lilis M a n u a l , yini u r e i i s i n g il wirhout permission.

Problem 3.105

3.105 Consirlering the partialry plstic shaft of Fig. 3.38o, derive Eo (3 32) by recaUing that the integral in Eq, (3.26) representmg the second moment about the r axis of the rea under the x-p curve.

The

S-J-CSS

is H<J" sUow

DV

-, -He

r , -

ig

T a r l

^ )
3 ^r"
0

/r

P R O P R I E T A B Y M A T E R I A L . O 2 0 0 6 T h e M e G r a w - H i l l C o m p a n i e s , I n t . A l l lights nraerveil. No p a n o f rhs M a n u a l m a y be d i s p l a y d , rcproduced ai distiibuled i n any i i i n n u r by any mciins, w i r t o u r the p r i o r w m i c n p c r m i s s i o n o f t h e publishcr, o r u s e d beyoiid [he limitad dislribitiion to teachers and educators permiited by M c G i a w - H i l l for Iheir individual n i ! prepara (ion. l f y o n are a s u i d o using this M a n u a l , y o u a r e using i l witriaui p e r m i s i n

Problem 3.106

3.106 A solid brass rod of 1 2-in. diameter is subjected to a torque which causes a mximum shearing stress of 13.5 ksi in the rod. Using the v-y diagram shown for the brass used, determine {a) the magnitude ofthe torque, (b) the angle of twist in a24-m length ofthe rod.

Fro*

s"fi~ei^i - sf^/W* ^iaj^r-av*,

yi+x^

0.003

w k f e

\#\-eqr*-fi

s 311/6* l y

X = ^

Z^Z

efe

I =

Az 2 = 0.W ,vt

r o 0.0CO7S"

- T ksi 2 0 3..I

W l 0 1. 4.3 0 437.

as 0.75 1. 0

0.0OI s 0.00225 O.0D1 13-f

1

13.5

\z.s

Zu/zV
a..sr
3

vio"

b ;

00

Y ^ = LJ

Problem 3.107

3.107 A solid brass rod of 0.8-in. diameter and 30-in. length is twisted through an angle of 10 sing the r-y^iagramshownforthe brassused, determine (a) tho magnm.de ofthe torque anned to the rod, (A) the mximum shearing stress in the

(OO

cp lo" * J7W.S3*o =
iri.

- i

Y-aJ

L - 30 i*.

n 001

0.002

0.003
y

O.OO33

Wtt

z o

0. 0 O . 2 3 3

zV,

fe;

w
i

o. l.7"
17.e

o
O.

0.2S 0.5 J.7S1

8S

2
7X.S0

1 39. H-S. -

X T * T l c J X *

3 . X ^ *s/

^(0.^00^(3.29;

Problem 3.108

3.108 A solid aluminum rod of 40-mm diameler is subjcetcd to a torque which produces in the rod a mximum shearing strain of 0.008. Using ihe r - f diagram shown for the aluminum alloy used, determine (_a) the magnitude ofthe torque applied to the rod, () the angle of wisi m a 750-inm k-ngth of ihe rod

ISO

0.7SQ

0.002

0 001

OM

ooos

o oto
y

z 0
0.25
0 . 5

0
3 . 0

4-

2.0

0.75"

\\

G t - 7

Z 5 S . 8

w ^ t

6. O%o

PROPRlETARY

MATERIAL.

2 0 0 0 T i n M c t i r a w H i l I C n m p a n i c i , Inc. A l l righl reserved. N o p a i t u ! ]m M a m m l may be hphrye.

rcproduced

o disli ibuletl m a n y l o n r o r b y nriy m c a n s . U'iihDUL Ihe prior w r l i t e n p c n i n - u n n ni" ihe puohshcr, o r u s e d beyond I h e limitad disti IUIMIII In lenchers nnd educatofs perniilted l y M c G r a w - H i f l fur i l i t i r i o d i v i d u n l conree p r e p a r a c i n . I f y o u are a Eiudecil using IIIIK Mjinnnl yon are using iL withoul p e r m i s t i n .
t

Problem 3.109

3.109 The curve shown inFig. P3 108 can be appruximatcd by the rclalion r=27.8 - 10* y - 1.390 ^ I0
L

Using this relation and liqs. (3 2) and (3.26), solve problem 3.108. 3.108 A solid aluminum rod of 40-mm diameter is subjected to a torque which produces in the rod a mximum shearing strain of 0 008 Using ihe r-y diagram shown for the aluminum alloy used, determine (a) the magnitude of the torque applied to the rod, (b) the angle of twist in a 750-mm length of the rod

C.OOJ

0 004

0.006

0D8

0.010

[_

7S"0

Kt

9-

'

PROFRIfTAWV MATERIAL.

20K T h e M c G r a w - H i l l C o m p a n i d , I r , ; .

A l l righls r c s e r v c d . N o p a n o f i h i s M a n u a l m a y h e d i s p b y e d

reproduced

or distiibuled in any f o n r i o r by any rticans. wilhout Ihe p r i o r w n t t e n p e r m i s i n m n i l l i e p i i b l i s h e i , o r u s e d beyoud the limited distribulion (o l e a c h e r s a n d e d u c a i o r i permiired by M c r a w - H i l t for U L E individual c c u i s e u r e p a r a t i n . I f y o n are a s t u d c t f u s i n g this M a n u a l , y o u are u s i n g i w i l b o t n p e r m i s s i o n .

Problem 3.110

3.110 The solid circular shaft AB is made of a steel that is assumed to be elastopiastic wilh r = 145 MPa and G =77.2 GPa. The torque Tisincreaaed umil the radius of the elastic core s mm. Determine the mximum residual shearing stress ir the shaft after the torque T is removed.
r

A t t.nJ oT oattifl^ I . 7 5 f 7 *'<O

s

W-m

T W ^ U e

cdange
cXa^^e

fi/j^i'n^
clvvi

M ^ U I A V I ^

- /. 7^47 * / o
~ ~ ~ J T - "

l^w

ST"risa

(JPI

/ a *Jitfej

/Vt

f> -

O. 0O> *

At

- ^ . OS w

.^H-*^'^ v lt>-^

T*; - r '
A+

/> =c>

-r,
T'KJ

= u

A t |0 = ?. >0b i*
At ^ =

H-

31.21 HP*.

7C.Z MP^

-46.5

HPa

Problem 3.111

3.111 The solid circular drill rod AB is made of a sleel that is assumed to be elastopiastic with r = 22 ksi and G = 11.2x i o psi. Knowingthat a torque 7 = 75 kip in. is applied to the rod and then removed, determine the mximum residual shearing stress in the rod.
6 T

J 2L1

SOLUTION

L-

SS-Ft - Mo M .

0.7274*1 In.

Uni'i.J n i ^ * AT At p-c p = ^

T - 75"
^7.e^
ksc

-w

i s . t s . /es;

At
X *
r

lis,"

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL

2 0 0 6 H e M c G r a w - H i l l Compariies, I n c . A l l righls reserven. N o p a n nf I h i s M a n u a l m a y be diiplayed,

reproduced

o r d i s t r i b u r e d i n a n y forra o r b y any m c a n s , w i i h o u l the prior v / r i n e n p c m i i s s ion o f t h e publisher, or used b e y n n d the m i i e d d i s t r i b u t i o n lo leachers a n d educatois peiiiiilled ny M c ( i r a w - H i l l for ieir uKlividual toui.se prepaialmn J f y i s u a r e JI shidenL using Ihis M n n u a l . yoti are u?ing it withoul pcirniasion.

Problem 3.112

5.112 InProb.3.111,deerminetherjenranentangleo^ 3.U1 The solid circular drill rod Af is made or' a steel that is assumed to be elastopiastic with r ~22 ksi and G = 11.2 * 10 psi Knowing that a torque 1 "= 75 kip in. is applied to the rod and then removed, determine the mximum residual shearing stress in the rod.
y

h">*-v

He

sofA'tem

f P & e L E M

3 .

I M

C - |.

fc*..

J -

3-ZS7Z

iv, *

O.ZHSZj

- O - 737r"9w.

(f

(p^j

<p ~ U l S f i f T - 0 . 8 6 3 ^ 7 - O . Z f l - S

^--I4-CZ.'

PHOPRIETARY MATERTAL

> 2 0 0 6 T f c c M c G r a w - H i l l C o m p a n i es. Inc. A l l rights reserved. N o p a n o f ihis Manual m a y b e d i s p l a y e d , e o i o d u c e d

or dislribuled in a n y form o by any meaiis. * i d i o u l llit piicir wrillun p e n u i s s i o n ni'thi: piiMi-Jier, nr ii^eil b e y n i d Ihe linnled distribucin to r c a h c r s and r d u c a i o r s p c r m i i i c d b y M c G i a w - I l i l l fbr their iiKliuidual t o a r s e preparation. If >ou are a s r u d t n t using ihis M a n u a l , y o u a i e using it witliimt [ O i n n i m

Problem 3,113

3.113 The holiow shaft AB is made of a mild steel that is assumed ta be elastoplas[icwithr .= l8ksandC = 11.2 * If/psi. The magnitude 7ofthe torque is slowly increascd until ihe plstic zone first reaches the imer gurftce; the torque is then removed. Determine (o) the mximum residual shearing stress, (fc) the permanent angle of twist.
1

c, - o.75" IH.
J =

c'i.-n.

y f -

Ml
H

|(C/'-C;)^(I.2"-O.75'')= 3 . s v n
= 1 3 r l 8

;n

las..

"'V

5 1

'

-rjw

(XTSXI-Z*

lo*)

G-J

(n.*wo )r;3.337q)
c

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

2 0 0 6 T h e M c i r i w - H i l l C o m p a n i e s , Inc

A l l righls reserved. N o par o f Ihis M a n u a l m a y he riisplayed, r e p r o d u c i d I f y o u a r e i snideni osing ilus M a m i n i . y a i i are using it w i i h o u l p e r m i s t i n .

or d i s t r i b u i d in any form or by a n y mearis, withoul Ehe prior wrircen p e r m i s s i o i ol'ihi? piiblisher. or used b e y o n d ihe iLmiicddistributioii lo leachers a n d educalors p e m i i i s i hy M c t j i a w - H i l l I b r t h e i r individual c o u r j e preparalion

Problem 3.114

3.114 The solid sha shown is made of a steel that is assumed to be elastopiastic with - = 145 MPa and G = 77.2 GPa The torque is increased in magnitude until the shaft has been twisted through 6; the torque is ihen removed. Determine (a) the magnitude and location nrthe maxinmm residual shearing stress. (&) the permanent angle of twist.
Y

-V

tf

p.jeXl04-7JWo" ">
l

O-,

O . 0OIS7SX
= O -

c
J

0 %

r\\$0Jny

e&aft

T ' ~

<V - m

(77.^o X/f2.7 t)/o- )

< t l ?

33.5

MP.

M ^ 5 M.(j^ K,%doeJ

1 3 3 . Mpa.

o+"^c,- J6^>^>

Problem 3 115

lnProb. 3.110, determine the pemianent&ngleoftwistofiheshaft. 3.110 The solid circular shaft AB is made of a steel that is assumed to be elastopiastic with v ~ 14SMPaandG =77 2GPa. The torque Tisincreaaedunt.il the radius ofthe elastic core >s6 mm. Determine the mximum residual shearing stress in the shaft after the torque T is removed.
r

FravfU

seJj+Jo* + ? R o f t L E M M I O

C= a ^ l S ^ j

lt4.8 tvlo-" w,

<

w ve re - .

L=600wMt,

O4 O .0

7^ =

N * /O S

4,

Ptx

(3 ? 77. 2 * / O

PROrRirTARY MATERIAL.
t

G 2 0 O f i ' l re M ^ i n w - H i l ] C o m p a n i e s , I n c . A | ] n g h s r e s e i v c d

N n r irt o f t h i s M u i u i l m a y be d i s ^ ! a y c J rEpniriuced
h

or disTnbmtd m anv form a< b; u i y mean 5, wiihouJ the p u o i w n i r e n p e n n i s s i o n oi the publishcr, w w d beyond ibr rimir-d distribution t& icachers and educalors pttmittod h y M ^ - r a w - H i l l Cor ihcir i n d i v i d u a l CQUTOC picparahoij. 11 y - u jrt; i siirdeni using ihis M a n u a l , y o u are using ii v-rlricmi permissiof.

Problem 3.116

3.J lt A torque T applied to a solid rod made of an elastopiastic material is increased untit the rod is fully plstic and then removed (a) Show that the distribution of residual shearing stresses is a represented in the figure (b) Determine the magnitude ofthe torque due to the stresses acting on the ponion of t e rod located within a di ee of radius a,. h l

(a)
4 T " T W

locdi^^

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TTC '

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3

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Problem 3 117

3.117 AfteTthero/>BhaftafPrDb 3.113 hasbeenloadedandunloadedasdescribed in that problem, a torque T, of sense oppoaite to the original torque T is applied to t e h shaft. Assuming no change in the valu of r , determine the magnitude /', of t '^ torque T required to initiatc yield in this second loading and compare it with the <: T of ihe torque T that caused the sha to yield in the original loading.
1 r t

'de

3.113 The ipflWshafl AB is made ofa mild steel that is assumed to b elastopiastic e with r, = 18 ksi and G = 11.2 * 10' psi. The magnitude T ofthe torque is slowly increased until the plstic zone first reaehes the inner surface, the lorqueis then removed Determine (a) the mximum residual shearing stress, (>) the permanent angle of twist.

Fro^+I,*

SolrfVo-

o f FQO&LG^

3.113

C^-O.TSln.j

n,

1^ - 43. iKp-m

AKY MATERIAL.

1

N o p a r t o f tliis M:mnnl miy b c d b p l a y e d ,

reproduced

o r d i s i r i b v i a i i r any fojui r Iny a n y merjr.5, ttichou ihe prior wrteri p e m i i s s i ' j n o i e pibSisher, or usc* beyond the limiled disti ibiiiinn lu leFiehcrs a n d e d u c a r a p e r m i d c d b y M ; G r a w - H ] foi their mdivicJLi.il --CHUS preparaiton. [f -ire a studcul usm^ i h i s M n n i R ' , y o u are using H wjrhrjut pemiisM'm

Problem 3.118

3.118 Afterthe solid sha ofProb 3 1 i 4 has been loaded and unloaded as described in ihat problem, a torque T , of sense opposite to the original torque T is applied to the shaft. Assuming no change in the valu of \$ , determine the anule of twist \$ for which yield is initiatsd in this second loading and compare it with the angle tpr which the shaft started to yield iu the original loading.
r ror

3.114 The solid shaft shown is made ofa steel that is assumed tobe elastopiastic with z,= 145 MPa and G = 77 2 GPa. The torque is increased in magnitude until the shaft has been twisted tlirougli 6 ; the torque is then removed. Determine (a) the magnitude and bestin ofthe mximum residual shearing stress, () the permanent angle of twist.
o

16 mm

~- HS"

>o

? x

= \&Z'MV'*lo

Tie

resJo*J \$OG.Jr>\

ST^SS

af

f> - C

is

\$\$~S

HPa.

prnodc*?

io Me op^osi'fe. s e ^ s e ^ r e v e r s e s ! yieJJin^ is

~He

s^tan^-e

iVi stress

-h>

i s

777

W-rn

<fl *

S. /O'

CG

0>.OlC)<.77.2*to<)

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. or ' i i s i r i b m c d in

2 T i i e M c G u ^ - H i l l C u i n ^ u i i c s , I n c . \\[

E

any form

otic publishcr,

t

t t l t i t a l i i S p t r i n i l l c d by M^Criav.'-HiJI fnr Ihe ir iniltvuluiil u n i r s e prepiiriiinn.

IT" yci n r e a '.Emit ni usiri^ tn-, M:miiat y o n ire using H wiitioui permissiori-

Problem 3.119

3.119 Knowing that T= 7 idp in. and ihal G = 5.6 * 10 psi, determine for each ofthe cold-roiled yellow brass bare shown the mximum shearing stress and the angle of twist of end i?.

1.4 in.

COL)

CL= 2
' flJl~V

I * .

b =

2.

.h.
J

Uo

16 in.

7 y io

<p =

oo<t

7 v yo*

- 51 \t les,'
t

(7vio-s)(iO - T L _ " c u .b G (o.32'X?.sxi.'ti (s;>o )

5 3

PHOPHIETAJtV MATERIAL.

2006 T h e M c G r a w - I I i l l C o m p a n i e s ,

I n c , A l ] righls reserved.

NQ par

o f tliis M a n u a l m a y he liispluyed, r s p r o d u c e d

n i disliilialed ni any fiinn nr by a n y m e n s , w i l h m i t l h e prior w r i i r e n p e m i i s s i o n o f l h e publisher, or used beyond Ihe Hmiled d i l r i b u l i o n to teacliers and educarais pennirted by M c G r a w - H i ] l f o r t h e i r individua] ecurse prepaialinn. I t y i n j are a slutlenl tising I h i s M^niijil, y o u are using j l w i i h o u l p e r m i s s i o n

120 Using r = 7 5 Icsi and knowing that t-5.6 * 10'psi, determine for each at the cold-rolied yellow brass bars shown the largest torque T that can be applied and the corresponding angle of twist at end B.

1.4 in.

16 m.

T * 13.4*

k;,W

IS.8S

* lO~

r<J

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL

remoduced

I f y o u ate a smdenl using Ihis M a n u a l , y o n are using ii w i i h o u l permission.

Problem 3.121

3.1Z1 Knowing tlial the magnitude of the torque T i s 200 N mand that 0= 21 GPa, delermine for each ofthe aluminum bars shown that mximum shearing stress and the angle of twist at end B.
c

T-

200 N-rv, L--a. po^

G=Zl*to*

T-

_
x

T
3

{ 2 O Q ) ( Q . ^ O )

"C ab G- " -i

(o.t3)(o.O'fSXo.O5) (57>

! )

1*
mu.

Problem 3.122

3.122 Using i * = 70 MPa and G = 27 GPa, determine for each ofthe aluminum bars shown the largest torque T that can be applied and the corresponding angle of twist at end ti.

(O

G L - f S "

~>M

t 3.1

'5"

% ^
0 , - 0 . ^ 7 ^

3.0
C =0.2C3
A

F r o ^ -t

TAie

T-

c,ab 7^
T

T2_

TL-

(7.'7
g

- f f Y c ?

loo)
1

"

^ i w W W c n ' i o ' T '

"

' '

' ^

" -

- ' "

3.123 Each ofthe three steel bars shown is subjected to a torque of magnitude T= 275 N m. Knowing that the allowable shearing stress is 50 MPa, determine the required dimensin b for each bar.

1 7 5J-v^

SOvlQ*

?.

F W M TkiU
T

3. I T
3 f

.c, - O.ZoS

73.%*

lO'

vn
ITC*

1
a.

J5"_l3^
T

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL

1 2 0 0 6 l"he M c i r a w - H i l l C o m p a n i c ! . Inc

A I I r i g h l s reserved. N o part o f Ihis M a n u a l m a y t i c . Lsp];i>ed, reproduce*!

o r d i s l r i b u t c d in a n y farol or by any means, w i i h o u l the prior w i i l l e u p c i u i i s s u i n tifUm publisher. o r u s e d beyond Ihe l i m i l e d d l s l i i b u l i o u lo H a c h i s and educalms p m i i i l l e d by M::( ira^v-t*ii11 for i h c i r i n d i v i d u a l Cursc prcpaniuon. If yon s r c 3 studcnt using thJs fvfai nial, v i m ir u s i n ^ ir W I L I O U I p c r m i s s i o n

Problem 3.124
T

3.124 Each ofthe three aluminum bars shown is to be twisted through an angle of 2 . Knowing that t> = 30 mm , t = 50 MPa, and G = 27 GPa, determine the shortest allowable length of each bar.
a A

& = Z7"/o*' Pa_

b ^ So H M - O.03& ^

f^o~- TMe

3.1

L-

382

^.^

Divide,

fe. &Av.V.e

Tj f U ^ s X

-r.

JOOS T h e M c G r a w - H i l l C o r a p a i i i e s , I . A l ] ngliis reserved. N o part o f l l . ,

M a n u a l rmiy be d b p l a v e d

reproducid

by any mean-., wrthour i h s prior m i n e n p e r m i s s i o n o f Ihe publisher, o r used beyond ihe l i m i e d d i s t r i b u a n to teachers a n d I f y o n are a student using Ihis M a m m l , y o n are using i[ y/ilhoul penn>nission.

aliic.ikire p e m n t i e d b y M c G r a w - l l i l l For their individual a n i r s E p r e p a r a d o n

Problem 3.125

3.125 Each ofthe three steel bars shown is subjected to a torque of magnitude J T = 5 kip in. Knowing that the allowable shearing stress is 3 ksi, determine the required dimensin b for each bar.

T-

5* lo* J b - m

1' - 8*.O* p; .o C ^
L

O.zos

fe

2T

c -

2~T

b = 2c*-1.47 1 in.
T r
3

b--

A > jo

PROriUETARY MATERIAL.

K HOOi T h e M c G r a w - l l i l ] C o i n p a n i c s , Inc. A l l ,

I g

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H rlistnbiued 10 any f o r m o i by any means. WLUIOHI UIM prior w r i h e t i permission o f ihe publisher. 01 usctl lieyond the l i m i e d distribMion to teaclitas iiml educaiors p e i i m u a l l.y M c i r a w - H i l l for Jhcir individual t o a r s e pieparation. li y j are a s.udcnr using Ihis M a n u a l , y
O J

Problem 3.126

3.126 Each of the three aluminiim bars shown s to be twisled lirough an angle ofl.25" Knowing that = 1.5 in., j,= 7.5 ksi, and (7 = 3.9 * l O ^ i , determine the shortest allowable length of each bar.
-3

TL
T

C S-.ff _

Q . 7 5 X 3 . 7 * . Q ) f a | . 8 l 7 *'Q~

L- 2.57

,n.

(g./fc^'Xl.5^(S. vtd )Ul.3l7x fo^) (a.SI'-iCy.S'xLo )

e : 3

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

2 0 0 6 T h e M t G r o w - H i ] ] C o m p a n i e s , I n c . A l ] righls reserved. N n pari u l t h i s M a n u a l m a y be d i s p l a c e d

repioduced

or d i s i n h i n e d n any i b r m or by any means, w i i h o u l Ihe prior wriilmi n e r n i i s s i o n o f i h e publisher. or used beyond the himiml ri.strrbtition lo rcachcrs and educalors pemutled by M c G r a w H i l l for their individual course p r e p a t a i i o n . I f y o n a i s a siurieni using this M a n u a l , v u are using it wilhmrL p e r m i s i n
C

Problem 3.127

3.127 Shafts A and B are made of the same material and nave the same crosssectiona! rea, but A has a circular cross section and B has a square cross section. Determine the ralio of the mximum torques T and T that van be saely applied to A and B, respectvely.
A s

SOLTIOfV

/yf'

&atttj-e

st*cf"[o*i Su

"rTT

Ci^&c. S j<^:
?

'A 7^i

i 3.1
s ( R

C, - O.Jl>8

r ^
8

c b r

lo
Fo^+/t* S.-A*

C a

> y
3

o-

a+r^sjea

ta *

H L

I.3S&

Problem 3.128

3.128 Shas.- and B are made ofthe same material and have the same length and cross-sectional rea, but A has a circular croas section and 8 has a square cross section Determine the ratio ofthe Eiaximum vales ofthe angles 4>A 4^ through which shals A and B, respectvely, can be twisted. SOUJTIGN

of

syiM^t . s e s i n

B.

T
C.ob'-

= 0-208 b G

b -2^
3

Lt

b&

0.G7G ^
C a

=',&6?V?
te

#1

Problem 3.129

3.129 Determine the largest allowable square cross section of a steel shaft of length 6 m if the mximum shearing stress is not to exceed 120 MPa when the shaft is twisted through one complete revolution. Use G = 77.2 GPa.
4

Gm

- [% o * lo BJL ^
, _ TL

G- = 7?. 7. * /o

01

Cp = w

2lT rtw

*v ^

pe/- a. S^H./>^

C^J5S

secTioM

"T" =

(O. | <% X.77.2 * i

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL.

O 2 0 0 6 T h e M G r a w - H i l l C o m p a n i e s , I c e , A l l rights r i s e n - e d . N o part o f t h i s M a m a ] m a y b c d k p l . i y e d , refi ro hice d

or disrnbured in any forra o r b y any means, wilhout ihe prior written p e r m i s s i o n o f [he publisher, or used b e y o n d the irnited distribution to tcachers and educalors pennilled by M c C i i a w - H i l l for their individuar K i u r S E n i e p a r a l i i i n . I f v u u iie j i s u d e n l tisrn^. ihis .Manual, vou are using it wilhout p e r m i s s i o n .

Problem 3.130

3.130 A 1.25-nt-long steel angle has an L127 * 76 * 6.4 cross seclion. From AppendixC wetind that the thictoiessof the section is r> mm and that its rea is 1252 mm . Knowing Ihai i", = 60 MPa and that O = 77.2 GPa, and ignoring the eflect of Stress concentration, determine (a) the largest torque T that can be applied, (b) the corresponding angle of twist.
:

rvifo O.
Jb

O . I^SI * J

6.4

c,a

1 5 7 .

k U - v - \

ib)

<p =

c.ab'G^ ( O . O f X l 7 . . ? * 7 > * )

Problem 3.131

3.131 A 3000 Ib in. torque is applied to a -ft-long steel angle with an j > 4 y 4 x ~ cross seclion. From Appendix C we lind that the thickiiess ofthe seclion is j in. and that its rea is 2.86 in . Knowing ihat G - I I 2 * 10 psi,
? s

L4 X 4 X f
l

determine (if the mximum shearing stress along linea-d, (b) the angle of Iwist. A = 2.86
i b
| M

r ->

= 0.37S" ^

^ ^ f o

7 . Z 7

(ai

c, a b

o . siso X?.

7 y a ? r )*

r a

k * i

P R O P R I E T A K Y M A T E R I \L

2 0 0 0 T h e M c C r a w - H l l C o n i f i a i u r a , li\c.

A l l riglus r w c r v c J . N o part o f t l u s M a n u a l m n y te J i s p f a y c d , p r o d u ^ e d
r

or diiifibutcd in a n y fomi j r b y any meau-v, wiihorr I\K p r i o r w r i t l e n p c r m i s s i o n a f i l i e jinMirJitr, tir iiacd b e y o n d (he l i m i t d distribu i< n to t&irhcri end c d u c a i i f l . pprmirlrd b y M c G r a w - J l ] for ihcir individual cnuiku preparo'ion [ f y o u are a i l u d e ni u s i n g this M u n n n l , y o n are usrg ii v / i l h a u l p e r m i t un

Problem 3.132

3.132 An 8-ft-long steel member with a W8 * 31 cross section is subjected to a 5-kip in. torque. The properties of the rolled-steel section are given in Appendix C Knowing that (7 = 11.2* 10 psi, determine (a) the mximum shearing stress along line a-a, (b) the mximum shearing stress along line b-b, (c) the angle of twist. (Hinr. consider the web and ilanges separately and obtain a relation between the torques exerted on the web and a flange, respectvely, by expressing that the rcsulting anglcs of twist are equal.)
6

SOLUTION

ws

x 51

- 13.32

vjherz kfp = C Q b"*

Z

fi. j a r

^ i * ^ L C2yo.2iiaj+o.r3 T
P

, A , , - r, - ( y ^ v ^

557

A . .

(a)

22 2/

^ _
^"Qab
1

,
~

551
(0.31^X7,13X0.2^5
)

= ^
= SS.S
K7O*

".>Z

Problem 3.133

W250 x 58

3.133 A 3-m-long steel member has a W250 * 58 cross section. Knowing that O = 77.2 GPa and that the allowable shearing stress is 35 MPa, determine (a) the largest torque T that can be applied, (b) the corresponding angle of twist. Refer to Appendix C for the dimensions of the cross section and neglect the eflect of stress concentrations (See hint of Prob 3.132) SOL m ION

Welo : \*
X T 1 .J 3

a = 353 -(2)03.5) = 225" ^

j fc>^ 3 miH

0 . -

T ~C

- W

' znzzA

- Xw

7" 9
S

A/-wi

Problem 3.134

3.134 AS kip -fttorque is applied toa holiow aluminum shaft having the cross section shown. Neglecting theeffeclof stress concentrations, determine the shearing stress at points a and b.

0_-

h * Ls. sXs.ns)

zo. tas

_ r

_
b t
r

A+ foi^i

--S"0 in.

Problem 3.135
10 m m

3.135 A 5 kN m torque is applied to a holiow shaft having t i cross section shown. Neglecting the eflect of stress concentrations, dctenmnetbe shearing stress at points a and b.

I15V
125 m m

&*

b b - C S ^ X l l S ) ' 7.^35--/^
7. i3 S'fo"
l e 3

w w t

'

- 31.5"w/o' Pa

e d u c a i o r s p c m i i l l d b y M c G r a w - l l i l l for tfieir individual o u r i c p i s p a r a t i o n . I f y o u a i e a s i u d c n l using Lhis, M a n u n l . y o u a r c u j w g ii w i i h o u l permission.

Problem 3.136

3.136 A SOlrip ' in. tonjuc is applied w a holiow sneft having the cross section shown. Neglecting the eect of stress concentrations, determine the shearing stress at points a and b.

<

0 2II

X
t
i.

= O.

2 *

n.

- 0 2 in

~ -

i
"1
0.3 in.

A"f pow-f b,

t - 0.3 -v -5t>

z-

Problem 3.137

3.137 A 750 N rr torque is applied lo a holiow shaft h.*viiig the cross section shown and a uniform 6-rrjm wall thi ,ckness. Neglecting the eect of stress concentiations, determine the shearing stress at points a and b.

A,60 mm

- 7 3 3 / *J>~ rvi
t* " O. O O *

fc

bAh.

<X a-^

b.

7SO

-2006 The McCtoiw-Hill Comp^nitE, Inc

1

A J I n.^his reserved,

p a i i u f ihis M a n u a l m a y bs i ^ h i y e d , r e p r o d u c i d

fcurn C*T b> an) uvearj?, vviihouttlic p n o i w n i i i n p e r m i s s i c n of ihe j)iil>lsher. or u?cd b e y o n J 'he Jimiied d i ? i n b u i i o n lo leauhii-'.nrid IJ'yoit are a s i u d m t usuig ih ra M a n u a l , yrju a i s usiriji j w n l i c u l permission.

cducaior/g pcfiiiiiit.i by M c G r a i v - I h l ] for Lhdr nirividual c o u i s e preparad on

Problem 3.138
"O i rj i

3.138 A holiow member having the cross section sliown is formed from slieet metal of2-mtn thkkness. KJiowing that the shearing stress must not exceed 3 MPa, determine the largest torque that can be applied to the member

4
4b

1 iijuj 0 t

. JoH ^ = = O. 002
tv,

7o f vio*- m

Problem 3.139

3.139 and 3.14B A holiow member having the cross section shown is to be formed fromsheet metal of 0.06-in. thickness. Knowing that a 1250 Ib in torque will be applied to the member, determine the smallest dimensin t ihal can be used if the shearing stress is not to exceed 750 psi

T
2in.

2n.

2in.

1
3rn.-

0.06 T

t ' l S O f s , ^

T*

Jk>i*

ZtCh T

7.0i

(Z)(0.0

)(7St> )

d = L735~iV

Problem 3.140

3.139 and 3.140 A holiow member having ibe OS section shown is to be formed from sheet metal of0.06-in. thkkness. Knowing that a 1250 Ib - in. torque wiil be applied to the member, determine the smallest dimensin t/that can be used if the shearing stress s not to exceed 750 psi.

2 m.

d
Artfev bovnjte by ceo4^ s) + 7ST>
-3

in

CL* SWKX.H-

1.^4 c ~ \7, miC - 4 . 6 d

in.

*\

a
5 . T "

2r

2.1* -

Problem 3.141

3.141 A holiow cylmdrical shaft was designed with the cross section shown in Fig. (/) to withstand a mximum torque T . De&ctivc fabrication, however, resulted n a slight eccentrcity e between the inner and outer cylindrica! surfaces of the shaft as showninFig. (2) (a)Expressthemaximurn torque 7" which can besafely applied to rlie defective shal in terms of T , e, and /. (b) Calclate ihe percent decrcasein the allowable torque for vales ofthe rattos fequal toO.l, 0.5, andO 9.
0

Le.t

- C , ~ C , be-W* - r W U ^ s f C0

we n

T
^
:

T"
(X

21

_
"E-T
_

. _
e

ata _

Tt

Te
t

X(i-f)

o.i 0.5" 0.4

lolo?-

Problem 3.142

3.142 Acooling tube having the cross section shown is formed from a sheet of stainless steel of 3-mm thickness. The radii c, " 150 mm and c = 100 mm are measuredto the center line ofthe sheet metal. Knowing that a torque of magnitude 7*= 3 kN- mis applied to the tube, deteiroine (a) the mximum shearing stress in the tube, (A)themagnitijdeofthetorquecarriedbytheoutercircularshell. Neglectthe dimensin of the small opening where the outer and inner shells are connected.

~ 3^.27 *lcT M " t T 0.00% m 3* \\$

2

Problem 3.143

3.143 A cooling tube having the cross section shown is bnned fiom a sheet ofstainless steel of thickness t. Theradiic, andcjaremeasuredtothecenterline ofthe sheet metal. Knowing that a torque T is applied to the tube, determine in terms of T, c, , c , and / the mximum shearing stress in the tube.
2

A v e t e ^ n d ed by c - e ^ e ^ - ^ e

3
T ata ztr

t(c^-c*)

P R O P R I E T A R V M A T E R I A L . 2 W } ( T h e M c G i a w - H d l C o m p a n i c s , hic.

A l l uglits e s e i v e d . N o p a r l t i f tlns ManuuJ ma> [* disployed.

reproduced

or distributed tn any form or by any m c a n s , w i i h o u l the prior wrjiteri p e r m i s i n of ihe publisher, or u s e d beyond Ihe limitad dis tribu lion tc teachers aiid eduentors permiried by M e G m w - H i l l for tbeir i n d i \ idunl coiirse preparo (ion. I f y o n are a i l u d e n ! using ihis M a n u a l , y o u are using t w i i h o u l p e r m i s s i o n .

Problem 3.144

3.144 bqual torques are applieil lo thin-walled tubes of the same length L , same thickness i. and saine radius c. One of the tubes has been slit lengthwise as shown Determine (a) the ralio r.% of tlie mximum shearing stresses in Ihe tubes, (b) the ratio <p '(> ofthe anglas of twist ofthe shals.
b a

ib)

A^ets.

oweleA

ty

ce^+e^Ji'^e *

(X~

TTC"

X
9**

TL

TL

r -- X .
2
_

;7~

IT C
3 r

< __H 8
C ab G 3

airct'G-

3c
-su

*_2iJ; XCVfr
2-idtG-

(t T

w f s

+ ^

TL

PROfRIETARV MAI'UHML

0 0 6 T ( K M c f i r a w - H i l l C a m p a n t e s . I n c . A I I n ^ i i s r e s e r v e J . N o jniri o r r h i s M a n u J l taay Uc i l i s p h y c d . H p i o d u c e d

o ui*nibiirc<i i n a n y forni o by any n ^ j i n s . H'ilhouMFic prti w i i i p n p i r m i s s i o n of Me j j u h l i s h T o r u s e d beyoiH ilie l i m i i c d distnbutior) ui l e a r h f rs and c d u c a l o i s pemiitled b y M c G i a w - I i i l t for Ule ir i n d i v i d u a l c o u r s c p r e p a i a t u n . 1 y o u aro a sPdct UHIHI; ihis M a n u a l , y o u a r c using i l w i i h o u l p e m i i s s n m 1

Problem 3.145

3.145 Ahollawcylindrical shaft of length i . mean rarfius c and unifbnn thickness is subjected to torques of magnitude T. Consider, on the one hond, Ihe vales ofthe average shearing stress r and the angle of twist <> r>btained from the elastic Lorsion formulas developcd in Secs. 3.4 and 3.5 and, on the olhcr hand, the corresponding vales obtained from tileformulasdevdopedinScc 3 13 for thin-walkd holl w shafts. (o) Show that the relaiive error introducid by using tiie thin-wall-sha formulas ralhcr ihan the elastic torsin formula'! is the same for r and a and that the relative error > is positive and proportonal to tiie square uf the ratio t/c . (b) Compare the percent error corresuondtng to values ofthe ralio tic equul 0.1. D.2 and 0.4.
m a i T e m a

Lfii

C = Dtrfev- red tus

2

~ C -* ^
w

C, = i l n f fWeJiS

CP, =

. J L

Area-

koJi-L^eJ

tiy

c^e^' T

1 1

"~

TL

oS 1 4cp. "Z7fC G3

T L

0. i

0-?

o.t

0.0OZ5
a?s7
1%

o.of 4^

Problem 3.146

3.146 The aluminum rod fC(;G= 3 9 * 10 pji)isbondedto the brass %nAB(G = 5 6 x lO psi). Knowing that each ion is solid and has a diameter of 0.5 in., determine the angle of twist (a) at B, [b) at C.
f

8OTU

peM*ko*5

C - \4

OAS"t

rt,
AjuKlUtllfL

rtj

t s o o ) C48l

OTIli-in.

- O. ?>3vJ -

7. 7

Problem 3.147

3.147 ln the bevel-gear system shown, r = 18.43. Knowing that the allowable shearing stress is 8 ksi in each shaft and that the systemismequilibrium, determine the aigest torque tliat can be applied at A.
T

5h.f* A-0.625 in.

r - - 2 ks.'

c = 4 = CUTI*

ShH 8 ?
Tu

r > S s,'

c = -N 0 . 3 0 5 ^

V 2G l i t e M c ' j n ^ - H i l ] C o m p a n i c * , Inc. A ] l r i g h l s r e d ved. by any mcaris

U*m\ or

VJUIUI

N.i p.in

f i h u M a n u a l may be disjiJii^iil, p r o d u c e d

ihe p u o i w i i t t e n iiL'nrmsion o f t h e ptrblisher, or u&cd b t v u m J thu limitad diSEribution to Wachtrs and

educators p e m u t r e i by M c G i a w - H i l l Tur iheir individual o u r s e p r e p a r a r o n . l f you ai;; i Minien' using rhis M a n u a l , v o u are U S I U K it wilhout pemnission.

Problem 3.148

3.148 A torque T s applied to the 20-mnvdiametvT steel rod AB. Assuming that the steel is elastopiastic with O = 77.2 GPa and T = |45 NfPa, determine (fl) lije torque T when the angle of twist atA is 25, (b) (he corresponding diame|er ofjhp elastic core ofthe shaf
r

C -

di

-- O.oio ^

L - l.S

0*77*10*

4>i

* ^

= | c

^ - f (o.oo) O<fS*7o') s

2*7.77 W - M

CC r ^ T ^ I - l p ^
t) r T & = 0.6

f (2*7-77 ) [ i - f A S f - r t f ) ]
3

T;MS
(0.&H7S7}(o,oic>)

f>

- 0.GH137

PKOPR1ETAHY MATERIAL.

JOOt T h e M c G n w - H i l ! C o m p a n i e s , I n c . A l l [ighls i r a c r v e i l . No p a r o f Ihis M a n u a l m a y be d i s p l a y e d , reproduced

m d i s t n b u t e d in any fuim nr by any means, w i i h o m i h c p r i o r w r i t i e n p e r m i s s i o n of i h e publisher, o r u s e d b e y o n d ihe limited distribu ion l e I c a c h c i s and c d u c a i c r s p e r m i t l c d b y M c - G r a w - H i i l for Uien individua] cnur^e prepflnition. I f y o n a r e a acuden! using ihis M a n u a l , y o u ate using il wiLhoul permission.

Problem 3.149

3.149 The shaft-disk-bell arrangement shown is used to transmit ^ hp from poim A lo poinl D. {) Using an allowable shearing siress of9500 psi, determino [he required speed of shan .45. (b) Solvepart a, assuming that the diameters of shafts AB and CD are respeciively 0.75 in. and 0.6^5 in. SOL; TI ON

C
es

T =
8

(al

Aj>o*J>A

-h^jts

t j f

^ - ' T

A M J

T at
Cj

Ji-

P r

2TT"T

2.T (/?. 73}

FROPRIETARY MATERIAL,

200<S T l i e M c G r a w - H i l l C < i r n p n n i . Inc

A l ] righls reserved

El c u p e n rus si 011 a f i l i e [uihlc^her, wr used b e y o n d the luuitcd d i i t r i b u t i n Lo teadiei<. j n d

c r J u c a i m permicred by M c G r a w - H i I l foi Uicir iTulividunF muirse p r e p a r a r a n . I f you are a i l u d e n ! U I tlus M a n u a l , y m nre using ir w i i h o u l permjfSLon

Problem 3.150
Aluminum

3.150 The allowable stress is 50 MPa in the brass rod AB and 25 MPa in the aluminum rodC. Knowing that a torque of magnitude T= 1250 N m is applied at A, determine the required diameter (a) of sodAB, (b) of rod BC.

c 3

- 1 1

TT ( . 2 5 " ^ / O )
C = i^y ~ 31.C<1

f c

Problem 3.151
Aluminum

3.151 The sohroBC has a diameter of 30 mm and is made ofan aluminum for which the allowable sliearing stress is 25 MPa. Rod .45 is holiow and has an outer diameter of25 mm'. it is made of a brass for which ihe allowable shearing stress is 50 MPa. Determine (a) the largest inner diameter of rod .-IB for which the factor of safety is the same for ene* rod, (>) the largest torque that can be applied at A

1*-35

C="H

O. O l

M/M*'
t

r p J AS

C sr - ^ J , r

tat ~ SO to* OS") = O.O^S* ~i

T >
r -

=
?

1 3 3 . S U W-K,

^ i

c,

ir

e>
-3

= 7.57

PKOfKU.ViAHV MATERIAL

O 300o T h e M c G r a w - I I i l l C o m p i n i t i . I n t

A l l nglits tasarvial

N o par o tais Manual m a y be d i i p l a y t d , reproduced

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Problem 3.152

3.152 The steel jacket CD has been attached to the 40-mm-diameter steel shaAE by means uf ngid flanges wetded to the jacket and to the rod. The outer diameter of the jacket is 80 iiunand itswall thickness is 4 rara. I f 500 N m torques are applied as shown, determine the mximum shearing stress in the jacket SOI.UTION

C, -

- t - O.^^c-O-OOV 0 - 0 3 6 * n

i 2 i j ( l T h e M c G r a w - l l i l ] C o m p o n e s , Inc A l l r i g h reserved. No irari n i i i s M a n u a l m a y be d i s p l a j e i l , reproduced l i you are a sludeiil U M H R i h i s M a n u a l y o u ate u s i u < ^ u r u i u l p e r m i t a n . L

forro or by any mcaiis, widiuuL ihe prior w r i l t e n permissiou of Ihe piihhsher. a r u i e d b e y o n d (lie h m u e d disnibutioii lo l e a c l i e i i a m l

educslors p c n m r i e d by M ^ l i r a w - h i l l l o r l h c i r individual cour.se prepurnrion

Problem 3.153

3.153 Knowing thal the interna! diameter of the holiow sha shown \sd= 0.9 in., determine the majdmum shearing stress caused by a torque of magnitude T= 9 kip in.

1.6

in.

Problem 3.154

Knowing that d = 1 2 in., determine the torque T that causes a mximum shearing stress of 7.5 ksi i the holiow shaft showa.

0.8

Problem 3.155

3.155 Two shafts are made ofthe same material The cross section of shafts is a square of side b and that of shaft B is circle of diameter b. Knowing that the shafts re subjected to the same torque, determine the ratio t /% ofthe mximum shearing stresses oceurring in the shafts.

A.

-t a

' "

<T O,

-n-c l o o S w

TT

16

PROPRIETARV MATERIAL.

2 0 0 6 T h e M c G r a w - H i t l C o m p a u i c s , I n c . A l l rights reserved. N o p a n o f t h i s M a n u a l my be displayed, repraduced

or distriuuEed m ariy foirn ai tiy any uteanc, wiidimL ihe p n o r w n i i e n p e r n u s s i o n o f l h e publisher, or used b e y o n d Ihe limired distribucin to leachers and e d u c t o r s p^rmined by M c G r a w - H i L l for i h c r individual cour&e preparation. I f y o u are a stndem using iliis M a i u u ! , y o u are usung it wiihLHir p e m i i s s i o n .

Problem 3.156

3.156 The long, holiow. tapered shaft AB lias a uniform thickness i. Denoting by G the inodulus ofrigidity, show that the angle of twist al end A is
A
T = L C

-< +

c=

y*

-^(c,-^^

i -i.

>-

TL

tc ,c)
B

P RO PRIETA RY MATERIAL. S 2 0 H ] The Mctiiaw-HLli Comanles, Inc. A ngliw resuma! Nop.irt orthis Manual maybc displaced, reproduced N or (lismbiited many Torra or by any meaos. .IriOut. the prior wricien pentiission of ihe publisher, or used btyond the Imiiied disLi-ilmlHiri L Icathcrs ind o cducalors permilted by McOiaw-Hil] for dieir individual course prepnralicn. If you ir a stuicnt using Ihis Manual, yon are using 1 without permission.

Problem 3.157

3.157 The torques shown are eserted on pulleys A and B. Knowing that the steel shatts are sol/ -Jid that G = 77.2 GPa, determine the angle of twist between (a) A and S, (b) A and C.

1^7 x|0 r V

PROFRIETARY MATERIAL

20(16 T h e M e G r e w - H i l l C a m p a t i i c s , I n c . A l l r , h t s . v a !
E

N o p a n o f ihis M a n u a l m a y be displayarf, reproduced

or disrribured in a n y form or b j ' a h y means. w i l l i o m ihu prior m i n e n p e r m i i s i o n o f [he publisher, or used beyonil ihe l i m i l c d d i s r n i r a o n lo teacliera and HtuciUors permilted by M c G r a i v - H i l l for rheir individual course p r e p a r a n , . I ( y o u are a shidcnt using Ihis M a n u a l , y o u are using it w i i h o u l p e r m i s s i o n

PKOBLEM 3.C1 ajv-Klement n

Eiemonl t

3.C1 Sha A J consista of n homogeneous cylindrical elementa, which can be solid or holiow. Its end A is fixed, while its end B is free, and it is subjected to the loading shown. The length of element i is denoted by L, its outer diameter by OD, its inner diameter by iD, ils modulus of rigidity by G and the torque applied to its right end by T the magnitude T of this torque being assumed to be positive i f T, is observed as counterclockwise from end B and negative otherwise. {Note that ID, = i f the element is solid.) (a) Write a com puter program Ihat can be used to determine the mximum shearing stress in each element, the angle of twist of each element, and the angle of twist of the entire shaft. (b) Use ihis program to solve Probs. 3.3, 3.37, and 3.157. 3.151.
(1

SOLUTION

Upo*)?*T*0

Ta/Z^o - T

0 =

&* fW/_

Angla p f Twist degrees)

11.9575 1.3841 23.0259 1.8323 for e n t i r e shaft = 3.2164 3.37 Mximum S t r e s s (MPa)

Jingle o f T w i s t Idegrees)

1.0000 87.3278 4.11B1 2.0000 56.5684 1.0392 3.00OD 70.5179 0.8S33 Angle o f t w i s t f o r e n t i r e s n a f t 6.0206 * Problem Element 3.157 Mximum s t r e s s (MPa)

Angle o f T w i s t (degrees)

1.0000 56.5884 2.5199 2.0000 36.6264 0.B864 Angle o f t w i s t f o r e n t i r e shaft 3.4063

PROBLEM 3.C2

3.C2 The assembly shown consisls of n cylindrical shafts, which can be solid or holiow, connected by gears and supported by brackets (not shown). End A, of the first shaft is free and is subjected to a torque T , while end fl of the last shaft is fixed. The length of shaft Afi is dennted by its outer diameter by OD, its inner diameter by ID and its modulus of rigidity by G,. (Note that 1D = 0 if the element is solid.) The radius of gear A s denoted by a and the radius of gear B by A,, (a) Write a computer program ttiat can be used to determine the mximum shearing stress in each shaft, the angle of twist of each shaft. and the angle through which end A, rotates, (b) Use this program to solve Probs. 3.42, 3.43, and 3.44.
0

SOLUTION

Problem 3 . 4 2 Shaft No. Max s t r e s s ) Ifcsi) 104.31 52.15 26.06 Angle o f Twist (degrees) 40.979 20.490 10.245 = 53.785

Angle through which A l r o t a t e s Problem 3.43

Max S t r e s s Angle o f Twist Usi) (degrees) 9-29 1.493 2 12.16 i.7o Angle t h r o u g h which A l r o t a t e s = 3 . 7 6 9
1 7

S h a f t No.

Problem 3.44 S h a f t No. 1 2 Max S t r e s s ) (ksi 9.12 6.B4 Angle o f Twist (degrees) 1.493 0.960

Angle t h r o u g h which A l r o t a t e s = 2 . 2 1 3

3.C3 Shaft AB consists of n homogeneous eylindrical elements, which can he solid or holiow. Both of lis ends are fixed, and it is subjectcd lo Ihr loading shown. The length of element / is denoted by L, ils outer diameler by OD ils inner diameter by D its modulus OI rigidity by G , aiid the torque applied to its right end by T the magnitude 7', of this torque being assumed to be positive i f T, is observed as counlercluckwise from end fi and negative otherwise. Nole that ID, = 0 if the element is solid and also that 7, = 0. Write a computer program that can be used to determine the reaclions at A anri II, the mximum shearing stress in each element, and the angle of twist of each elem o n i Tica the ( W - I - u r r . '"^ ' " l " P-rtk T fh\ /l=>=^:..^ . 1 ~: shearing stress in the shaft of Example 3.05.
;

SOLUTIQN

C^fi^'j'^rz

THf Afir)

ZFBCT!\$/->

ftT

frPOHOnHT

7?>F ^

< t

>
S2

O;

CNW

T =)
3

-frr/ )[oD

-DQ

T= 7+ T

P#U

TU/6J

(^&MPuT:

tS>^

fi<j&

TV- Uf-nT

/^f?

7~t>7L sivtP-

ftT

7 b-

S-Re*.

7= Z 77) t 7

TA = TB =

- 0 . 2 9 5 kN*m - 3 . 1 0 5 kN*m A n g l e o f Twist (degrees) -0.267 -.267

-51.733 -38.267

lb*ft lb*ft

PROBLEM 3.C4

3.C4 The homogeneous, solid cylindrica! shaft AB has a length L, a diameter ti, a modulus of rigidity G, and a yield strength T . It is subjected to a torque T ihat is gradually increased from zero until the angle of twist of the shaft has reached a mximum valu tfi , and then decreased back to zero. (o) Write a computer program that, for cauri of Ifi vales of (f>, equally spaced o ver a rai:ge extending from 0 lo a valu 3 limes as large as Ihe angle of Iwist at the onset of yield, can be used to determine [he mximum valu T of the torque, the radius of the elastic core, the mximum shearing stress, the permanent twist, anri the residual shearing stress boi at the surface of the shaft and at the interface of the elastic core and the plstic regin, (h) Use Ihis program to ohtain approximate answers to Prabs. 3.111, 3.112, 3.1 I4.
Y n

SOLUTION X.

' V i /
J

3 -

EQ.fr)

%J
P

7^- -mu r f?--f

'

AL

CONTINUED

PROBLEM 3.C4 -CONTINUE Interplate between vales at tho vales of T or ^ LToblsm 3.111 and 3.112 PHIM deg 0.000 7 -378 15-756 23 .635 31.513 39.391 47 .259 55.147 63.025 70.904 78.782 86.660 94.538 102.416 110.294 118.173 TM tip*ir.. 0 .000 11.943 35.829 47.772 59.715 68.101 72.366 74.761 76.207 77.132 77.751 78.181 7B.488 78.714 78.833 RY in. 1.200 1.200 1.200 1.200 1.200 1.200 1.000 0.857 0.750 0.667 0.600 0.545 0.500 0.462 0.429 0.400 TAUM ksi 0 .000 4 .400 B.800 13.200 17.600 22.000 22.000 22.000 22.000 22.000 22.000 22.000 22.000 22.000 22.000 22.000 PHTP deg 0 .000 0 .000 0 .000 0 .000 0 .000 0.000 2.346 7.411 13.710 20.634 27.902 35.372 42.967 50.642 58.371 66.138 TAUR1 0.000 0.000 0 .000 0.000 0.000 0 .000 1.092 2.957 4.786 6.402 7.792 8.980 9.999 10.878 11.643 12 .313 TATJR2 ksi 0.000 0 .000 0.000 0 .000 0.000 -3.090 -4.661 -5.543 -6.076 -6.417 -6.645 -6.803 -6.916 -6.999 -7.062 indicated

23.ase

o.ooo

Piobleni PHIM deg 0 000 0 807 1 614 2.421 3 228 4 036 4 843 5 650 6 457 7 264 B 071 8 878 9 685 10 492 11 300 12 107

3.114 TM 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 L 1 000 187 373 560 746 933 064 131 168 191 205 215 221 226 230 232 RY mu 16 16 16 16 16 16 13 11 10 6 8 7 6 6 5 5 000 000 000 000 000 000 333 429 000 889 000 273 667 154 714 333 TAUM MPa 0.000 29.000 58.000 87.000 116.000 145.000 145 .000 145.000 145.000 145.000 145.000 145.000 145.000 145.000 145.000 145.000 PHIP deg 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.240 0.759 1.405 2.114 2.859 3.624 4.402 5.188 5.980 6.77 TAUH1 MPa 0.000 0.000 0.000 O.OOO 0,000 0.000 7.198 19.486 31.542 42.197 51.354 59.184 65.901 71.699 76.739 81.152 TATJR2 MPa 0.000 O.00Q O.OOO 0.000 0.000 0.000 -20.363 -30.719 -36.533 -40.046 -42.292 -43.794 -44.B37 -45.533 -46.132 -46.543

o.ooo

V K O f ' W E T A R Y M A T E R I A L , > i C O l l i e M i l i r a w - H i l I C o n p a n i n , i r ; . .MI ngfcrs l e - . e m s l

No par o f ihis M a n u a l

mij'liciiiiniiyed.reprciiifci

o r d i s l i i l u t e d i i i any l i i r a i o r b v a n y m c a n s , w i i h o u l Ilic prior w i . l I e r i p B T i T i i s s i o n f ihe publisher, or used beymid the limitcd disrnbution to icacljers j n . l e d u i i o i s p c r m i t w d by M C Q I W - H I I I l".ir ilieir individual course preparatkm. Tf yira :ie n srudeni j s i r . g ihis M a n u a l , y o n a n using wirhour p e r m i i o n .

PROBLEM J.C5

3.C5 The exact expression is given in Prob. 3.64 for the angle of twist of Ihe solid tapered shaft AB when a torque T is applied as shown. Derive an approximate expression for ihe angle of twist by replacing the tapered sha by n cylindrical shafts of equal length and of radius r, = (n + i - \}(c/n), where i - 1, 2, . .. , n. Using for 7", L, G. and c vales of your choice, deiennine ihe percentag'* error in the approximate expression when (a)n = 4,(b)n = 8. (c)n = 20,(d)n = 100. SOLUTION 7

x -

TL

COEPFICIEKT Of

TL/Gc*4

E x a c t c o e f f i c i e n t f r o m P r o b . 3.64 i s 0.18569 Number o f e l e m e n t a l d i s k s = n n 4 8 20 100 approximate 0.17959 0.18410 0.13542 0.13567 exact 0.1856B 0.18568 0.1B569 0.13569 percent error

-0.85311 -0.13810 - 0 .00554

-3.2ei85

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL
1

O 20116

J'hr M c G r t i w - H i l l C o m p a n i e i , I n c .

A H rights re.'eiv'ed

N o p j i n o chis M a n u a l m a y b d i s p l a y t d , r e p i n j u c c d riuinbiriion lo i c a c i c r ! and

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l f y i . u i are n studenr using Ihis M a n u a l , you are u s i n il *vilhi)n p e r m i s i n

PROBLEM 3.C6

3.C6 A torque T is applied as shown to the long, holiow, tapered shaft AB of uniform thickness /. The exact expression for the angle of twist of Ihe shaft can be obiained from the expression given in Prob 3.153. Derive an approximate expression for the angle of twist by replacing Ihe tapered sha by n cylindiical rings of equal length and of radius r, = (n + i - \){c/n), where i = 1,2,... ,n, Using for T, L, G, c and t vales of your choice, determine the percentage error in the approximate expression when (a) n 4,{h)n = 8, {c)n = 20, (rf) i = 100. SOLUTION

fea

C<

-o

.*

{fian} r

(27T - ) r; V
r

TTT

/->n

ro

si

4

percent

error

B 20 10D