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Energy Vector: The case of oil


Robin Singhal JNU, New Delhi

Oil Transportation

Share of different modes of transport in crude oil and petroleum products transportation in India
60 50
in percentage

48.4 44.5

40 30 21.6 20 10 0 Road Rail 2009-10 Coastal 2010-11 Pipelines 15.7 15.3 18.1 14.6 21.7

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60

Share of different modes of transport in petroleum products transportation in India

50
in percentage

40 29.1 22.3 21.4 20 24.5 20.8 28.3 25.8

30

27.8

10

0 Road Rail 2009-10 Coastal 2010-11 Pipelines

Company-wise share in pipeline infrastructure (Length and Capacity) in India (As on 1st March 2011)
60.0 51.0 50.0 41.0
in percentage

40.0 30.0 20.0 13.6 10.0 0.0 IOCL BPCL HPCL GAIL OIL ONGC 8.9 13.1 14.0 8.0 2.0 8.8 5.5

24.6

2.3

% share in total length

% share in total capacity

Planning a pipeline project

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Steps involved in planning a pipeline project


To identify few feasible alternative pipelines routes. Developing alternatives. To pay adequate attention to all the important factors while selecting the best pipeline route. a database for all the feasible

Several factors affect a pipeline project. These can be broadly classified as Technical factors Socio-economic factors Environmental factors

Technical Factors
1. Length of the pipeline 2. Operability 3. Maintainability 4. Approachability 5. Constructability

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Socio -economic impact of the project Keeping provision for compensation, employment, rehabilitation etc. Burden on existing infrastructure (for instance movement of heavy vehicles).

Environmental impact assessment of the project Potential effects during construction Normal operation of pumping stations and pipelines Failures in pumping stations and installed pipelines

Demand/Supply Analysis

Technical Analysis

Financial and economic analysis

Impact Assessment

Market analysis

Technical Analysis

Environmental Impact Analysis

Socio-economic Impact Assessment

Financial Analysis

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THANK YOU