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Modelarea supratensiunilor n reeaua de cablu de distribuie 10 kV la


scurtcircuite monofazate la pamint cu arc.
V.A. Bosneaga, V.M. Postolati, V.M. Suslov, A.N. Klinduhov
Institutul de Energetic al Academiei de tiine a Moldovei, compania Dnestrenergo
Rezumat. Este elaborat modelul pentru calcularea si investigarea supratensiunilor n
reeaua de distribuie prin cablu de 10 kV n prezena arcului monofazat
intermitent. Au fost determinate nivelurile de supratensiuni n reeaua de distribuie
pentru scurt-circuit monofazat i n cazul scurtcircuitului n bobina de tensiune nalta
a transformatorului de distribuie 10/0, 4 kV. S-a demonstrat, c valorile maxime a
supratensiunelor sunt determinate n mare masura de functionarea aparatelor de
limitare a supratensiunelor, i nu sunt direct legate de prezena reactorului de
stingere a arcului electric, care contribuie esential la limitarea curentului de scurtcircuit n locul defectului i numai netezeste oscilaiile de frecven nalt.
Cuvinte cheie: model, reteaua de cablu, scurtcircuit monofazat, arcul intermitent,
supratensiunile, scurtcircuit n bobinaj.

Modeling of over voltages in 10 kV cable distribution network at singlephase faults to ground with arc.
V.A.Bosneaga, V.M. Postolati, V.M. Suslov, A.N. Klinduhov
Power Engineering Institute of Moldova Academy of Sciences, com. Dnestrenergo
Abstract. The model was developed for the study of surge in the cable distribution
network 10 kV in the presence of intermittent arc. Surge analysis was performed at

2
the occurring of single-phase to earth short-circuit. Surges levels in the distribution
network were determined for single-phase short circuit to earth, as well as at the
occurrence of distribution transformer 10/0, 4 kV HV winding internal short-circuit.
It was shown, that the maximum surge values are mainly determined by the
functioning of surge arresters, and are not directly related to the presence of arc
elimination reactor, which mainly acts as the current limiter in the place of shortcircuit and only smooths high-frequency oscillations.
Keywords: model, cable network, single-phase short-circuits, intermittent arc, transformer
winding internal short-circuits.
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