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square

Design of square footing F2:


Ult. column load Self weight Overburden Total load Column breadth Column width Net upward pressure Max. B.M. /m width K = M/bd2fcu Diameter of bars = = = = = = = M= = = 85.5 43 0 128 400 200 11 kN kN kN kN mm mm 2 kN/m Safe bearing capacity Overburden height Area of footing reqd. Footing size Area of footing prvd. Footing thickness Max. cantilever proj. Z As required /m width Spacing of bars As provided/m width Dist. to critical section Shear force Shear stress = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 55 0.00 1.61 2.75 7.56 450 1.28 374 66 200 565 638 7 0.02

9 kNm 2 0.002 N/mm 12 mm

Punch shear Punch shear stress Allow.shear stress

= = =

61 kN 2 0.03 N/mm 2 0.33 N/mm

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square

kN/m m m2 m m2 mm m mm mm2 mm mm2

mm kN/m 2 N/mm

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rectangular

Design of rectangular footing F11:


Ult. column load Self weight Overburden Total load Net upward pressure Short span Width Column width Max. cantilever proj. Max. B.M. /m width K = M/bd2fcu Z As required /m width Diameter of bars Spacing of bars As provided/m width Punch shear Punch shear stress Allow.shear stress = = = = = = = = = = = = = 3.00 200 1.40 73 0.022 315 624 12 150 754 m mm m kNm N/mm2 mm mm2 mm mm mm2 = = = = = 936 64 0 1000 74 kN kN kN kN kN/m2 Safe bearing capacity Overburden height Area of footing reqd. Area of footing provided Footing thickness Long span Length Column breadth Max. cantilever proj. Max. B.M. /m width K = M/bd2fcu Z As required /m width Diameter of bars Number of bars/side As provided/m width Dist. to critical section Shear force Shear stress = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 55 0.00 12.53 12.60 400 4.20 500 1.85 127 0.036 327 1052 12 100 1131 688 86 0.26

799 kN 2 0.43 N/mm 2 0.45 N/mm

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rectangular

kN/m m m2 m2 mm Long span m mm m kNm

N/mm2 mm mm2 mm mm mm2 mm kN/m N/mm2

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axial+moment

Design of footing F2:


Ult. column load Ult. Moment Max. upward pressure Min. upward pressure Short span Width Column width Max. cantilever proj. Max. B.M. /m width K = M/bd fcu Z As required /m width Diameter of bars Spacing of bars As provided/m width Punch shear Punch shear stress Allow.shear stress
2

= = = =

405 kN 170 kNm


2 131 kN/m 2 7 kN/m

Safe bearing capacity Overburden height Allowable pressure Footing thickness Long span Length Column breadth Max. cantilever proj. Max. B.M. /m width
2

= = = =

100 0.30 133 350

= = = = = = = = = = = = =

2.10 300 0.90 53 0.022 268 535 12 150 754

m mm m kNm N/mm mm mm2 mm mm mm2

= = = = = = = = = = = = =

2.80 300 1.25 84 0.033 279 817 12 120 942 588 88 0.31

K = M/bd fcu Z As required /m width Diameter of bars Number of bars/side As provided/m width Dist. to critical section Shear force Shear stress

224 kN 2 0.17 N/mm 2 0.46 N/mm

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axial+moment

kN/m m

kN/m2 mm Long span m mm m kNm N/mm mm mm2 mm mm mm2


2

mm kN N/mm2

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combined

Design of combined footing CF4:


Left column load Right column load Self weight Overburden Total load Left column breadth width Right column breadth width Net upward pressure Short span Max. cantilever proj. Max. B.M. /m width = = 1.40 m 85 kNm = = = = = = = = = = 60 984 68 0 1112 200 200 400 400 87 kN kN kN kN mm mm mm mm 2 kN/m Safe bearing capacity Overburden height Spacing of columns C.G. of load from left Area of footing reqd. Length of footing Width of footing Footing thickness Area of footing provided = = = = = = = = = 100 0.00 1.98 1.87 7.67 4.00 3.00 450 12.00

Long span Max. cantilever proj. = Max. cant. moment /m = Max span moment/m = K = M/bd2fcu Z As required /m width Diameter of bars Spacing of bars As provided/m width Dist. to critical section Shear force Shear stress = = = = = = = = =

1.69 124 0 0.027 372 898 16 180 1117 784 78 0.20

K = M/bd2fcu Z As required /m width Diameter of bars Spacing of bars As provided/m width Punch shear Punch shear stress Allow.shear stress

= = = = = = = = =

2 0.020 N/mm 359 mm

642 12 150 754

mm2 mm mm 2 mm

774 kN 2 0.37 N/mm 2 0.37 N/mm

Design of combined footing CF2:


600
Footing is designed for eccentricity of loads

800 3.50

0.50

Left column load

Right column load Offset on left Spacing of columns Offset on right Left column breadth width Right column breadth width Length of footing Width of footing Footing thickness Area of footing provid.

= = = = = = = = = = = = A=

600 kN

800 0.50 3.50 1.00 200 200 200 200

kN m m m mm mm mm mm

Safe bearing capacity Overburden height

= = = = e=

100 0.00

C.G. of load from left C.G. of reaction Eccentricity of load Pressure at left edge P/A + P e/Z Pressure at right edge P/A - P e/Z Max. allow. ult. pressure Point of zero shear on footing from left edge

2.50 2.50 0.00

= = =

93 93 140

5.00 m 3.00 m 400 mm


2 15.00 m

= ######

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combined

Short span Max. cantilever proj.

Max. B.M. /m width

= =

1.40 m

Long span Max. cantilever proj.

91 kNm

Max. cant. moment /m Max span moment/m


2

= 0.90 57 = = ###### = ###### = ######

K = M/bd2fcu Z As required /m width Diameter of bars Spacing of bars As provided/m width Punch shear Punch shear stress Allow.shear stress

= = = = = = = = =

0.028 N/mm 315 mm


2 784 mm 12 mm

K = M/bd2fcu Z As required /m width Diameter of bars Spacing of bars As provided/m width Dist. to critical section Shear force Shear stress

150

754 mm

= ###### 12 = 100 = = 1131 = = = 664 69 0.20

662 kN 2 0.40 N/mm 2 0.39 N/mm

Design of combined footing F8:


Footing is designed for axial load and moment: Left column load

680 -510 1.50 = = = = = = = = =


680 kN

460 0 1.85

Left column moment Right column load Right column moment Offset on left Spacing of columns Offset on right Left column breadth width Case I Axial loads only: C.G. of load from left C.G. of footing Eccentricity of load Max. allow. ult. pressure

-510 kNm 460 kN 0 kNm 1.50 m 1.85 m 0.70 m 700 mm 300 mm

Safe bearing capacity Overburden height

= = = = = A= = =

100 0.30 4.05 2.90 450

Length of footing Width of footing Footing thickness Area of footing provid. Right column breadth width Pressure at left edge P/A + P e/Z Pressure at right edge P/A - P e/Z Point of zero shear on footing from left edge Pressure at left edge P/A + P e/Z Pressure at right edge P/A - P e/Z Point of zero shear on footing from left edge
Long span Max. cantilever proj.

11.75 300 300

= = e= =

2.25 2.03 -0.22 133

m m m 2 kN/m

= = =

65 129 2.71

Case II Axial loads and moments: C.G. of load from left C.G. of footing Eccentricity of load Max. allow. ult. pressure = = e= = 1.80 2.03 0.23 133 m m m kN/m2 = = = 130 65 2.08

Short span Max. cantilever proj.

Max. B.M. /m width

= =

1.30 m

109 kNm

Max. cant. moment /m Max span moment/m

= = =

1.15

88 -55

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combined

K = M/bd2fcu Z As required /m width Diameter of bars Spacing of bars As provided/m width Punch shear Punch shear stress Allow.shear stress

= = = = = = = = =

2 0.025 N/mm 363 mm 2 816 mm 12 mm

K = M/bd2fcu Z As required /m width Diameter of bars Spacing of bars As provided/m width Dist. to critical section Shear force Shear stress

= =

0.019 374 634


12 150

125

905 mm

= = = = = = =

754 650 84 0.22

328 kN 2 0.13 N/mm 2 0.37 N/mm

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combined

kN/m m m m m m m mm 2 m Long span m kNm kNm


2

N/mm2 mm mm2 mm mm 2 mm mm kN N/mm2

1.00

kN/m2
m

m m m

kN/m

kN/m 2 kN/m

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combined

Long span m

kNm kNm N/mm mm mm2 mm mm


2 2

mm kN N/mm2

0.70

kN/m2
m

m m mm m2 mm mm

kN/m2 kN/m2 m

kN/m

kN/m2 m
Long span m

kNm kNm

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combined

N/mm2 mm mm2 mm mm
2

mm kN N/mm2

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combined (2)

Design of combined footing F:


Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Column 4 Column size Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 Column 4 Safe bearing capacity Overburden height Self weight Overburden Total load Net upward pressure
y Load Column location kN xm ym 600 0.00 0.00 C2 400 0.00 2.00 700 3.00 0.00 500 3.00 2.00 bx by C1 mm mm 400 200 0.68 400 200 400 200 1.46 400 200 Length of footing Width of footing 2 = 100 kN/m Footing thickness = 0.90 m Area of footing required = 117 Area of footing provided = 375 = 2692 kN C.G.x 2 = 118.3 kN/m C.G.y

C4

C3

= = = = = = =

6.20 3.00 500 18.57 18.60 1.64 0.82

X Direction Max. B.M./m under column As required /m width Diameter of bars Spacing of bars As provided/m width Max span moment/m As required /m width Diameter of bars Spacing of bars As provided/m width Shear force at critical section Shear stress Allow.shear stress Max. Punch shear stress = = = = = 178 1180 16 150 1340 0 0 12 200 565 kNm 2 mm mm mm mm2 kNm mm2 mm mm 2 mm

= = = =

Y Direction Bottom Max. B.M./m under column As required /m width Diameter of bars Spacing of bars As provided/m width Top Max span moment/m As required /m width Diameter of bars Spacing of bars As provided/m width Shear force at critical section Shear stress Allow.shear stress Allow.punch shear stress

= = = = = = = = = =

27 275 12 200 565 43 275 12 200 565

= = = =

273 kN 2 0.21 N/mm 2 0.32 N/mm 0.14 N/mm


2

= = =

213 0.08 0.43 0.37

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combined (2)

m m mm m2 m2 m m Y Direction kNm 2 mm mm mm mm2 kNm mm2 mm mm 2 mm

0.32 1.46 0.68 1.74

114% 206%

206%

kN N/mm2 2 N/mm Shear OK 2 N/mm

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eccentric

Design of eccentric footing:


Load on conc. footing Load on ecc. footing Spacing of columns Edge of ecc. footing to centre of column Conc. footing length width Ecc. footing length width Reaction on eccentric footing = = = = = = = = = 137 kN 154 kN 6.40 m 0.15 1.35 1.35 1.45 1.45 m m m m m 154 6.40 137

0.58 169 Safe bearing capacity Reaction on concentric footing = = 122 100 122

169 kN

Design of strap beam STB1:


Width Depth K = M/bd2fcu Z Design shear Design concrete shear = = = = v= vc = 200 mm 500 mm
2 0.068 N/mm 404 mm 2 0.17 N/mm 2 0.56 N/mm

Max. B.M. Max. S.F. A's required As required As provided Diameter of stirrups Spacing of stirrups reqd.

M= V= = = = = =

79 15 0 526 603 8 200

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eccentric

kN/m2 kN

kNm kN mm2 mm2 mm2 mm mm

Page 16

strip-base

Design of base for footing F9:


Total column load Net upward pressure Max. B.M. /m width K = M/bd2fcu Z Diameter of bars Dist. to critical section Shear stress = = = = = = = = 149 kN 2 10 kN/m 5 0.003 232 12 kNm N/mm2 mm mm Area of footing provid. Max. cantilever proj. Footing thickness As required /m width Spacing of bars As provided/m width Shear force Allow.shear stress = = = = = = = = 15.00 1.00 300 58 150 754 5 0.48

488 mm 2 0.02 N/mm

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strip-base

m m mm mm2 mm 2 mm kN/m N/mm2

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