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(sadhi)

-a,
-i,
-u,
-,

-
-
-
-

+
a-

i-

u-

e-

ai-

o-

au-

ya
va
ra

y
v
r
ay
-a -*
y
- -*
av
-a -*
v*
- -

vi
ri
ayi
-a i-*
yi
- ivi
-a i-*
vi*
- i-

v
r
ay
-a -*
y*
- v
-a -*
v*
- -

o
yu

ru
ayu
-a u-*
yu
- u-*
avu
-a u-*
vu*
- u-

o
y

r
ay
-a -*
y
- -*
av
-a -*
v*
- -

ar
y
v

ay
-a -*
y
- -*
av
-a -*
v*
- -

ai
ye
ve
re
aye
-a e-*
ye
- e-*
ave
-a e-*
ve*
- e-

ai
yai
vai
rai
ayai
-a ai-*
yai
- ai-*
avai
-a ai-*
vai*
- ai-

au
yo
vo
ro
ayo
-a o-*
yo
- o-*
avo
-a o-*
vo*
- o-

au
yau
vau
rau
ayau
-a au-*
yau
- au-*
avau
-a au-*
vau*
- au-

-e

-e -

-ai

ya
- a-*

-o

-o -

-au

va*
- a-

. a- -1

+
k-

kh-

g-

gh-

b
m
d
n

c-

ch-

j-

jh-

==

==

gj

gjh

==

==

jh

==

==

bj

bdh

cc

cch

jj

jjh

h-

h-

d
n
b
m
j

==
==
==
==

==
==
==
==

==

gh

==

bh

gn

b
m
d

-k

ga g

==

==

gg

ggh

==

==

gh

-p

ba b

==

==

bg

bgh

-t

da d

==

==

dg

dgh

==

==

==

==

==

==

==

==

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==

==

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==

==

==

==

==

==

==

==

==

==

== c ch

jh

==

-
==

nn
-n
==
n
= k
-m
= (k)
k
2
-(i) ra r
(kk)
-a -o -a - ==
- - a- - - ==
ka- -

a
a
a
a
nna
na
=
=

kh
(kh)
kh
(kkh)
==
==
kh-

g gh c ch j jh h h
(g) (gh) () (c) (ch) (j) (jh) () () (h) () (h) ()
rg

rgh

ch

rj

rjh

rh

og
g
g-

ogh
gh
gh-

ac
c
c-

ach
ch
ch-

oj
j
j-

ojh
jh
jh-

ah
h
h-

oh
h
h-

: . , ; =
.-. ; , ., n,
, , . n ;
; (..) , , ; * .

1
2

etc., (, , ).
, ( , , e); s.

- 1 -

(.)3
.

+
t-

th-

d-

dh-

ngn
n
n
n
bn
mn
dn
nn

p-

ph-

b-

bh-

==

==

gb

gbh

==

==

bh

==

==

bb

bbh

==

==

db

dbh

==

==

==

==

==

==

==

==

==

==

==

==

==

==

==

mgm
m
m
m
bm

dm
nm

y-

r-

l-

v-

k
kch
t
tch
p
pch
c
cch

-k

==

==

gd

gdh

==

==

dh

-p

==

==

bd

bdh

-t

==

==

dd

ddh

==

==

==

==

==

==

==

-n

st sth ==

-m

t th d dh n p ph b bh m y
l v
r

(nt) (nth) (nd) (ndh) (nn) (mp) (mph) (mb) (mbh) (mm) (yy)
(ll) (vv)
p

-(i)

st

rd

rdh

rn

-a

ast asth od

odh

on

ap

st sth

dh

dh

sth

th

ph

s-

gr

gl

gv

by

br

bl

bv

dy

dr

ll

dv

==

==

== ==

==

==

== == ==

==

==

==

== ==

==

==

== == ==

==

==

==

==

ll
ll

==

rbh

rm

ry

rl

rv

aph

ob

obh

om

oy

or

ol

ov

ph

bh

ph

bh

ch

== ==

hgh
ggh
h
h
bh
bbh
dh
ddh

gy

rb

(pp) (pph)

== ==
== ==
== ==

== == ==

s h

() () (ss)

rh

a a as
oh
a a ass
== == == h

. #it .

Tafel der euphonischen Lautvernderungen im Satze. Leitfaden fur den Elementarcursus des Sanskrit mit
Uebungsstucken und zwei Glossaren by Georg Buhler, Wien, 1883. . .
(F. Max Mller. A Sanskrit Grammar for Beginners: in Devangar and Roman letters throughout. Second edition. Oxford:
Longmans, 1870, . 20).

- 2 -


1) , 2) . . . , .
. . . (1883 .) (1988 .) 2-, . (1927 .)
(1885 ., 1882 .) . ,
: 171 . . , 232 . 157 . , (1880 1888 .).
, , .
,
1923 . 03.12.2007, 28.02.2013.
. , bd bj (-p+j-) m
(-m+-). -+- .
kkh ; -(i) +kh-, . kk .
. (, ),
. , . i
, i, , , .
, . , , , -a+k- a+k. e -e -; , .
. . 1883 . + - ay , -a
-* . . 1923 . . , , .
. 1883 . 1923 . - etc.,
. , . . g , .
id.. -a+k- = id. , ibidem, . ? , , (=). , , , . 1 ., 2., 20 . ,
.
. , -+a-. .
. 1883 .
, 1923 . , . . 2013 .
, . a , , , a,
e, ai, au.
. 1923 . -n+ , , -n+ (16 .): c, ch, j, jh, , , h, , h, , st, sth, ll, ll, ch.
. 1883 . -m+k- (k), . 1923 . k, .
, , -
. . : (k), (kh), (g),
(gh), (), (c), (ch), (j), (jh), (), (), (h), (), (h), (nt), (nth), (nd), (ndh), (nn), (mp), (mph),
(mb), (mbh), (mm), (yy), (ll), (vv), (kk), (kk); (pp), (pph) (), (), (ss).
34 .
: -m+y yy, . . 2 ( ll,
vv) , .
. : -m+h- =
. . ( 8 ) h , , m+h. , +.
- 3 -

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