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Emphatic

Adjectives

Emphatic Adjectives “a massive building” roadtogrammar.com

“a massive building”

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Introduction

What is an emphatic adjective?

An adjective describes a noun:

A ripe apple. A big truck.

We can strengthen most adjectives by adding the word ‘very’:

A very ripe apple. A very big truck.

But there are some adjective that already mean ‘very’.

For example, ‘massive’ means ‘very big’.

It would sound strange to say ‘very massive’.

These adjectives that already carry the meaning ‘very’ are called emphatic adjectives. Sometimes they are called strong adjectives.

Rationale for Learning

Why is it good to learn emphatic adjectives

English is an expressive language. This means that a good English speaker does not necessarily use the simplest way to communicate an idea. It is better to have a wide range of vocabulary in order to express an idea in many different ways.

Rather than say ‘very big’, say ‘massive’. Rather than say ‘very good’, say ‘terrific’.

In this way, you can easily expand your vocabulary and become more expressive.

Learning emphatic adjectives is a terrific way to expand your vocabulary and sound more natural when speaking English.

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Technicalities

Some points to remember

1

Because emphatic adjectives already contain the meaning ‘very’, it is not considered

correct to use them with the word ‘very’. However, we can add further emphasis with the words

‘really’ and ‘absolutely’.

 

very terrifying

Incorrect:

Correct:

Correct:

really terrifying

absolutely terrifying

2

You may notice that some emphatic adjectives end in ‘-ed’ or ‘-ing’. Please not that they

are not verbs and do not demonstrate past, present or future time. If an adjective has an ‘-ed’

form, it also has an ‘-ing form’ and vice versa.

Example:

What a terrifying experience!

Example:

We were so terrified!

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Exercise 1

Choose the correct word:

1

Which word means very surprising?

15

Which word means very bad?

A| shocking

B| insane

C| fantastic

C| horrendous

A| hilarious

B| huge

2

Which word means very clean?

16

Which word means very good?

B| deserted

A| spotless

C| deafening

A| traumatic

B| terrific

C| terrible

3

Which word means very strange?

17

Which word means very bad, makes you sick?

B| dumbfounded

A| bizarre

C| spotless

A| remarkable

B| exuberant

C| disgusting

4

Which word means very good?

18

Which word means very good?

B| gorgeous

A| hilarious

C| great

B| outrageous

A| fantastic

C| perplexing

5

Which word means very crazy?

19

Which word means very cold?

B| hilarious

A| insane

C| fascinating

B| freezing

A| bustling

C| spotless

6

Which word means very excited, energetic?

20

Which word means very busy?

B| exuberant

A| immense

C| wonderful

A| deafening

B| ludicrous

C| bustling

7

Which word means very bad?

21

Which word means very old?

A| stupendous

B| horrific

C| hilarious

A| stupendous

B| superlative

C| ancient

8

Which word means very bad?

22

Which word means very confusing?

B| terrifying

A| horrible

C| exuberant

B| perplexing

A| repulsive

C| disgusting

9

Which word means very funny?

23

Which word means very good?

B| horrendous

A| gorgeous

C| hilarious

B| marvellous

A| bizarre

C| insane

 

Which word means very surprised, unable to

10

24

Which word means very good?

speak?

B| awesome

A| furious

C| gorgeous

A| tremendous

B| tranquil

C| dumbfounded

 

25

Which word means very good, unique?

 

Which word means very big?

11

B| outstanding

A| horrendous

C| sparkling

B| immense

A| bustling

C| stupendous

 

26

Which word means very big?

 

Which word means very scary?

12

B| astonishing

A| bizarre

C| massive

A| perplexing

B| terrifying

C| exhilarating

 

27

Which word means very good, impressive?

 

Which word means very silly?

13

A| stupendous

B| voracious

C| wretched

A| outstanding

B| ludicrous

C| sparkling

 

28

Which word means very good?

 

Which word means very tired?

14

A| exuberant

B| excellent

C| awful

B| exhausted

A| disgusted

C| shocked

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Exercise 2

Choose the correct word:

1

Which word means very hungry, eager?

15

Which word means very surprised?

A| magnificent

C| outstanding

B| voracious

A| tremendous

B| stunned

C| filthy

2

Which word means very tasty?

16

Which word means very bad, makes you sick?

B| dumbfounded

C| disgusting

A| delicious

B| voracious

A| repulsive

C| tedious

3

Which word means very good, impressive?

17

Which word means very angry?

C| magnificent

A| exuberant

B| repulsive

A| boiling

B| furious

C| repulsive

4

Which word means very quiet, peaceful?

18

Which word means very empty?

C| remarkable

A| incredible

B| tranquil

A| outstanding

B| deserted

C| repulsive

5

Which word means very surprised?

19

Which word means very bad?

C| exuberant

A| horrified

B| amazed

A| marvellous

B| terrible

C| terrific

6

Which word means very surprising, unusual?

20

Which word means very beautiful?

C| incredible

A| ludicrous

B| sparkling

A| delicious

B| bizarre

C| gorgeous

7

Which word means very hungry?

21

Which word means very pitiful?

B| delicious

C| starving

A| furious

A| outrageous

B| gorgeous

C| wretched

8

Which word means very good?

22

Which word means very hot?

A| wretched

B| immense

C| superb

A| tranquil

B| tedious

C| boiling

9

Which word means very interesting?

23

Which word means very surprising, wild?

C| fascinating

B| outrageous

A| furious

A| outrageous

B| starving

C| bustling

Which word means very big?

10

24

Which word means very good?

C| outrageous

A| freezing

B| huge

A| wonderful

B| robust

C| ludicrous

Which word means very loud?

11

25

Which word means very good?

B| disgusting

C| deafening

A| sparkling

B| exuberant

A| immense

C| sublime

Which word means very shiny?

12

26

Which word means very bad?

B| sparkling

A| wretched

C| tedious

B| awesome

A| awful

C| atypical

Which word means very unusual, good?

13

27

Which word means very dirty?

A| remarkable

C| voracious

B| repulsive

A| deserted

B| filthy

C| tranquil

 

Which word means very good?

14

28

Which word means very boring?

B| wretched

A| splendid

C| bustling

A| remarkable

B| tedious

C| tranquil

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Answer key Exercise 1

1

A

2 A

3 A

4 C

5 A

6 B

7 B

8 A

10 C

11 B

12 B

13 B

14 B

9 C

15 C

16

B

17 C

18 A

19 B

20 C

21 C

22 B

27 A

26 C

25 B

28 B

24 B

23 B

Exercise 2

 

1

B

2 A

3 C

4 B

5 B

6 C

7 C

8 C

13 A

14 A

11 C

10 B

12 B

9 C

15 B

16

A

17 B

18 B

19 B

20 C

21 C

22 C

24 A

23 A

26 A

25 C

28 B

27 B

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