Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 911

Tower 6

[ Build 1300]

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

Build 1200 :
1.2.1

1.2.2

3.1.3

3.2.2

6.1

8.5.5

8.6.5

8.10

8.11.1

9.2

9.3.4

9.3.11

9.4.1.1

9.4.1.2

9.4.3

9.4.5

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158


1. ................................................................................................. 1
1.1

...........................1

1.2

..........................................................................9

1.2.1

.......................................................... 10

1.2.2

................................................................................. 18

1.3

- ................................................................... 24

1.4

............................................................................. 26

1.5

................................... 26

2. .................................................................... 28
2.1

......................................................................... 28

2.2

............................................ 30

2.3

................................................................................ 33

2.4

...................................................................... 35

2.4.1

......................................................... 37

2.4.2

..................................................... 37

2.4.3

............................................................................. 37

2.4.4

........................................................................ 38

2.5

..................................................................................... 47

2.5.1

......................................................................... 50

2.5.2

............................................... 50

2.5.3

........................... 52

2.5.4

........................................................ 53

2.5.5

(OSNAP - )............................... 55

2.5.6

....................................................................... 58

2.6

......................................................... 59

2.6.1

......................................... 60

2.6.2

...................................................................... 61

2.6.3

..................................................................................... 64

2.6.4

........................... 65

2.6.5

............................................................................................. 66

2.7

............................................ 67

2.7.1

. ............................................................................................ 67

2.7.2

. ................................................................................. 68

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

2.7.3

. .................................................................................... 68

2.7.4

. . ......................................................................................... 69

2.7.5

. ........................................................................................... 69

2.7.6


........................................................................................ 70

2.8

.................................................................. 70

2.9

............................... 77

2.9.1

.............................................................................................. 77

2.9.2

......................................................................................... 77

2.9.3

() ............................................................. 78

2.9.4

................................................................................................ 81

2.9.5

............................................................................................. 81

2.9.6

........................................................................................ 82

2.9.7

................................................................................................ 82

2.9.8

............................................................................................ 83

2.9.9

.......................................................................................... 83

2.9.10

3D .............................................................................................. 84

2.9.11

3D ........................................................................................... 85

2.9.12

3D ........................................................................................ 85

2.9.13

(./ .) .................................................. 86

2.9.14

..................................................................................... 86

2.9.15

....................................................................................... 87

2.10

........................................................................................ 88

2.10.1

() .......................... 88

2.10.2

() .......................................... 100

2.11

( ) ............................ 104

2.11.1

() ....................................................... 105

2.11.2

....................................................................... 108

2.11.3

............................................. 110

2.11.4

() ......................... 110

2.11.5

() ................................................ 112

2.11.6

() ..................................... 114

2.11.7

() ........................... 115

2.12

( ).......................... 117

2.12.1

() ......................................................... 118

2.12.2

() ......................................... 119

2.12.3

.......................................................................... 121

2.12.4

..................................................... 122

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

2.12.5

........................................................................ 123

2.12.6

................................................... 128

2.12.7

............................................................................ 128

2.13

3D ( 3D ) ....................................... 129

2.13.1

()................................. 130

2.13.2

(Render) ...................................... 131

2.13.3

() ..................................................................... 132

2.13.4

( ) ...................................... 134

2.13.5

........................ 136

2.13.6

2D ( 2D )...................... 137

2.13.7

2D ...................................................................... 138

2.14

2D
( 2D )............................................................................... 139

2.14.1

.................................................................................. 139

2.14.2

.................................................................. 142

2.14.3

................................................ 145

2.14.4

(Ctrl+W)............................................................................ 146

2.14.5

() ..................................... 147

2.14.6

............................................................. 147

2.14.7

...................................................... 148

2.14.8

............................................. 149

3. ...................................................................................... 153
3.1

................................................................................... 153

3.1.1

/........................................................................................ 157

3.1.2

........................................................................................... 163

3.1.3

.............................................................................. 163

3.1.4

................................................................................................. 173

3.1.5

........................................................................ 220

3.1.6

................................................................................ 226

3.1.7

............................................... 227

3.1.8

....................................... 232

3.1.9

. ................................................................................... 235

3.1.10

.................................................................................. 238

3.1.11

. ......................................................................................... 241

3.1.12

............................................................................. 248

3.1.12.1

............................................................................................. 251

3.1.12.2

.............................................................................................. 253

3.1.12.3

............................................................................................... 253

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

3.1.12.4

.......................................................................................... 253

3.1.12.5

.............................................................. 255

3.1.12.6

. .......................................................................... 255

3.1.13

............................................................................. 258

3.1.13.1

() .......................................... 264

3.1.13.2

......................................................... 266

3.2

........................................................................................ 278

3.2.1

............................................................. 280

3.2.2

......................................................... 283

3.2.3

........................................................................ 292

3.2.3.1

..................... 299

3.2.4

.............................................................................. 307

3.2.5

............................................................................... 312

3.2.6

............................................................................ 313

3.2.7

. ...................................................................... 314

3.2.8

........................................................... 315

3.2.9

............................................................................. 316

3.2.10

............................................................................ 319

3.2.11

.................................................................................... 332

3.2.12

........................................................................................ 334

3.2.12.1

... 339

3.2.12.2

................................................................. 340

3.2.13

.............................................................................. 342

3.2.14

............................................................................. 343

3.3

................. 347

3.3.1

............................................................................... 347

3.3.2


( ...) .............................................................................. 350

3.3.3

........................ 354

3.3.4

................................................................................. 356

3.3.5

.................................................................... 363

3.3.6

............................................................................. 370

3.3.7

...................................... 376

3.4

,
................................................................................... 377

3.4.1

........................................................................... 378

3.4.1.1

................................................................................ 382

3.4.1.2

................................................................................. 383

3.4.1.3

.................................................. 384

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

3.4.1.4

........................................................................... 384

3.4.1.5

................................................................. 385

3.4.1.6

................................................. 387

3.4.2

layer- ............................................................... 387

3.4.3

......................................................... 388

3.4.4

.................................................................................... 388

3.4.5

.............................................................................. 390

3.4.6

.......................................................................... 393

3.4.6.1

.................................................................................. 393

3.4.6.2

.......................................................... 396

3.5

,
( ) ........................................................ 400

3.5.1

.......................................................................................... 400

3.5.2

............................................................................... 409

3.5.3

........................................................................... 424

3.5.4

................................................................................ 428

3.6

....................................................... 431

3.6.1

()................................................ 431

3.6.2

() ................................................. 432

3.6.3

() ................................... 433

3.6.4

( ) ...... 434

3.6.5

............................................................................................... 435

3.6.6

AutoCAD-a (DXF )..................................... 437

3.6.7

DXF (DXF )..................................... 440

3.6.8

............................................................................... 440

3.6.9

................................................................. 441

3.7

................................................ 441

4. .................................. 442
4.1

.......................................................................... 442

4.2

.......................................... 443

4.3

................................ 446

4.4

............. 447

4.5

...................... 448

4.5.1

............................................................................... 448

4.5.2

.................................................................................. 451

4.5.3

.................................................................................. 452

4.6


( ) ............................................................. 452
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

4.7

........................................................................ 454

5. ............................................................................. 455
6. .......................................................................... 460
6.1

............................................................................................ 460

6.2

.......................................... 468

6.3

...................................................................... 469

6.4

.......................................................................... 469

6.5

................................................................. 470

6.6

() ............................................. 471

7. ................................................................................... 477
7.1

............................................. 477

7.2

.......................................... 481

7.3

............................................................................. 483

7.3.1

I ................................................................................. 484

7.3.2

II ................................................................................ 484

7.3.3

............................................ 485

7.3.4

........................................................................... 486

7.3.4.1

EUROCODE ...................................................................................... 490

7.3.4.2

()................................................................... 494

7.3.4.3

(SIA) ............................................................. 496

7.3.4.4

.................................................. 500

8. .................................................... 503
8.1

............................................. 503

8.2

..................................................... 508

8.2.1

SRSS .................................................................... 509

8.2.2

............................................................................. 511

8.2.3

............................................................................ 512

8.3

........................................................ 515

8.4

............................................................................... 518

8.5

- .................................................................. 519

8.5.1

() ......................................................... 532

8.5.2

() .......................................... 534

8.5.3

.......................................................... 541

8.5.4

................................................................. 544

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

........... 547

8.5.5

8.6

........................................................................... 548

8.6.1

......................................................................... 549

8.6.2

................................................................... 557

8.6.3

........................................................ 560

8.6.4

() ..................... 564

8.6.5

.................. 567

8.7

() ........................................ 568

8.8

............................................................ 570

8.9

................................................................................. 573

8.10

...................................................... 577

8.11

........................................................................................ 581

8.11.1

............................................................................. 581

8.11.2

........................................................................... 583

8.12

......................................................................... 585

8.13

.............................................................. 593

8.14

.......................................................... 594

8.15

..................................................................................... 596

8.16

............ 600

8.17

........................................ 610

8.18

() ...... 621

8.19

...................................... 622

8.20

........................................................................... 622

8.21

................................................ 625

8.21.1

................................................................ 626

8.21.2

...................................................... 633

8.21.3

( ) ...................................... 634

8.21.4

....................................................... 652

8.21.5

............................................... 655

8.21.6

............................................... 669

8.21.7

............................................................... 681

8.21.8

.................................................. 682

8.21.9

................................................... 685

8.21.10

........................ 686

8.21.11

...... 692

8.21.12

.................................................... 693

8.21.13

...................................................... 694

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

8.21.14

RTF ..................................................................................... 695

8.21.15

................................... 696

8.21.16

........................................... 696

8.21.17

..................................................................... 696

8.21.18

clipboard ..................................................................... 698

8.21.19

clipboard ............................................... 699

8.21.20

Bitmap AutoCAD .DXF ............................................. 699

8.21.21

*.txt ................. 702

8.21.22

...................................................... 702

9. ........................................... 704
9.1

( ) .................. 704

9.2

.................................. 706

9.3

.............................................................. 713

9.3.1

.................................................................................... 713

9.3.1.1

- ............................................................. 714

9.3.1.2

- .............................................................. 717

9.3.2

...................................................................... 719

9.3.3

.................................... 720

9.3.4

.............................................................................. 732

9.3.5

.. 743

9.3.6

................................................ 745

9.3.7

............................................................. 747

9.3.8

ArmCAD .................................................. 751

9.3.9

....................................................................... 753

9.3.10

..................................................................... 756

9.3.11

........................................................ 761

9.4

............................................................ 774

9.4.1

.................................................................................. 775

9.4.1.1

- ............................................................. 776

9.4.1.2

- .............................................................. 782

9.4.2

...................................................................... 791

9.4.3

.................................... 792

9.4.4

............................................................................. 794

9.4.5

............................................................. 820

9.4.6

ArmCAD .................................................. 824

9.4.7

....................................................................... 828

9.4.8

..................................................................... 829

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

9.4.9

............................................. 830

9.5

.......................................... 833

9.6

............................................................................... 846

10. .......................................... 850


10.1

.......................................... 851

10.2

.................................................................... 852

10.3

..................................................................... 854

10.4

............................................................................. 857

10.5

.................................................................... 860

10.6

........................................................................ 860

10.7

............................................................................................. 862

10.8

................................................................ 864

10.9

...................................... 865

11. ............................ 867


11.1

......................................... 868

11.2

.................................................................... 872

11.3

............................................................................. 877

11.4

.................................................................... 883

11.5

................................................................ 894

11.6

............................................................................................. 896

11.7

................................................................ 897

11.8

..................................... 899

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

1.
1.1

Tower 6
:
Windows 2000, Windows XP Windows Vista.


. ,

( ).

50
.
,
.

.

Windows , .. .
(
) .. swap file - .. .
, Windows
(swap file)
.
.
, , ,
.
,
1 G .

.


, ,
.
.. ,
,

swap file-. ,
, Windows-
swap file () .

swap file-.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

2
Windows- 2000
Start Settings => Control Panel.

, System,
System Properties.

Advanced, ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

Performance options....

,
Change....

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

.
Set,
OK , System.
Windows XP
Start Setting X Control Panel X System.

Advanced, ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

Settings.

,
Change....

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

.
Set,
OK , System.
, Window-
2
. Windows XP 2
3 .
Windows XP- .
:
Start : Programs X Accessories X Command Prompt.
:
bootcfg /copy /d "Windows XP - 3GB" /id 1

1, Windows XP - 3GB.
:
bootcfg /raw /3gb /id 2
Windows XP - 3GB
3 .

bootcfg
, :

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

7
Boot Loader Settings
-------------------timeout: 30
default: multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINNT
Boot Entries
-----------Boot entry ID: 1
Friendly Name: "Microsoft Windows XP Professional"
Path:
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINNT
OS Load Options: /fastdetect
Boot entry ID: 2
Friendly Name: "Windows XP - 3GB"
Path:
multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINNT
OS Load Options: /3gb
Windows , command prompt-a :
Exit
(boot) Windows- .
Windows XP - 3GB Tower 3 .
.
Help WindosXP.


Windows . ,
,
16- 32-
.

Start
Settings X Control Panel.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

Display,
Display Properties.

Settings .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

, Colors High
Color (16 bit) True Color (32 bit).

,
Windows .

1.2


- (hardlock).
,
(, , ),
.
-

. -
, ,
.
.
, Power User
Administrator Windows 2000,
Windows Vista . ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

10
:
Windows- USB ,
USB
Tower-
. , -, ,
Windows-.
USB .
Tower, USB
.

1.2.1

- \Tower6\Setup.exe,

, , . ,
:

,

.
,
(LPT), USB .
,

LPT
USB
, ,
USB ( ).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

11

USB

, OK,
.
,
. .

, ,
OK.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

12

Next.


.
. ..
Next,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

13


. ,
Next.

edit box- ,
. ,
.

(. 8.21.3).
edit box-
, .
Next.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

14

.
, edit box-

edit box-,
.
Next.
,

,

:
Tower.$dis -

Tower.$vis

Tower.$mtr


, ,

Tower.$prf

Tower.$dim01 -


.
X X .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

15
Tower.$sk

Tower.$vet

Tower.$po

Tower.$ks -

Tower.$har -

Tower.$gig -

Tower.$mtz -

Tower.$net -

Tower.$pec -

EUROCODE

Tower.$pl -

Tower.$ppz -

Tower.$tb -

Tower.$utl -

Tower.$bmd -


EUROCODE

Tower.$acc -

C:\Documents and Settings\


\Application Data\Radimpex\Tower6.
,
, ,

.
,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

16



.
,
.
.
.


9, , .

. .


,


.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

17


Next,
.. .
.

, .
hardlock ,
.

hardlock ,

Next

. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

18

Back,
.

1.2.2

,
: TCP/IP, NETBIOS
IPX. . ,
,
, ,
. ,
() HASP License Manager,
hardlock-.
hardlock-
,
.
hardlock- .
Windows

,

. ,
, hardlock HASP
License Manager. , , Registry
,

-
, -
\Tower6\Setup.exe,
(. 1.2.1). USB hardlock- .
, , .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

19


HASP .
HASP License Manager-a
,
HASP License Manager. -
\Hasp\LMSETUP.EXE.

Next, :

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

20

- Application (nhsrvw32.exe)
HASP License Manager Windows-.
- Service (nhsrvice.exe)
Windows-.

HASP

License

Manager

HASP License Manager-a Windows-


Application (nhsrvw32.exe)
Next, (
) HASP License Manager-a.

Next,
Startup Folder
Windows- ( Login-a). , HASP License Manager
: Start X Programs X HASP License Manager X
HASP License Manager.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

21

Next,
HASP License Manager-a.
HASP License Manager-a Windows-
HASP License Manager-a
() Login .
..
.
HASP License Manager-
HASP License Manager
Taskbar-:


HASP License Manager
HASP
License Manager-a.

Exit, HASP License Manager-a .


,
hardlock-
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

22
, ,
,
.

,
,
, Setup.exe. ,
-,
, .
,
, C:\ Tower 6 Server \.

, Next.

.

,
. ,
. ,
,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

23
. ,
, .

,
.
,
. ,

.
.
, Next.

,
, Next.


, ,
Next, . ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

24


, .

1.3

, Start
Settings X Control Panel.

, Add/Remove
Programs, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

25

, Tower6,
Change/Remove.
, Tower6 Server,
, : Tower6 Client.
,
.

Yes, -
- .

OK, Tower6
, Windows .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

26

1.4

hardlock-
LPT .. USB
. Start :
Programs X Radimpex X Tower6.
: Programs X Radimpex X Tower6 Client.
, ,
Tower.

1.5

Tower
.
, ,
.
:

: .

. . ,
, .
, .
,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

27
3D
.
:

Z .
.
: ,
.
.
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

28

2.
2.1

,
:

..


, .
.
()
.


.

-





. ,
.
:
. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

29
. .
I- II- .
.
.
- : Copyright Radimpex

.
- . ,
,
.
- .
() .

:
3D c
3D
2D 2D

-

3D -

3D
..
Z .
, ,
, .
F4 .

F4

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

30

.

F4

, ,
.


-
.

2.2

,
, .

.
.. .
.

2D
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

31

2D


.



. Window: 2D ,
3D , ,
. ,
X 3D

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

32

3D ,

. ,
, .
, ,
.

. ,
,
default
.
..
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

33

2.3

3D . 3D ,
,
. ,
2D
.

- .

,
[Z=0,00], ,
Y
, 2D
.


2D

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

34

2D .
,
2D .


2D 2D
2D ,

,
2D .

[0.00] 2D

Z=0.00.
, 2D

),

, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

35


OSNAP (
2.5.4).

2D ,

, , 2D , ,

, (. 2.14).

2.4


.
- ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

36



.
, ,
.
, -

,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

37

2.4.1


.
ENTER
.
.
Esc,
.
ENTER, .. .

2.4.2

(),
. -
.
- , .
,
/ .
<-> . (/.///<>/):
,
. ,
() , .
, ,
( /).

( )

,
, Enter, ..
.
<>.
- ,
Esc, .

2.4.3

.
.
, .
:
- (. , . , .
, . ., . ),
-

(, ),
- (. ),
- ,
- (Osnap).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

38
- 2D
3D
,
- .

2.4.4


.
, , ,
.
.


(Edit box-)
(List box-)

(Check box-)
(Radio button-)


..
.
. : .
, ,
.
(Edit box-)

. .
Edit box- ,
. Edit box-

.

edit box-

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

39
, Edit box
, Edit box-, ,
,
.

Edit box-
, ..
. edit box-, ,
.
(List box-)

-
. .
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

40

List box


List box
,
,
(
) .
.. . .. .

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

41

List box-,
.. .


.. .
Edit-box-. -
Edit box-.
.

.
.
(Check box-)

, .. .
Check box-
. ,
.. . ,
, a 9,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

42

check box
check box-.

.. .



(Radio button-i)

, . -
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

43

,

( )

, ,
.

- , ,
. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

44
, , +,
.

+,
, + -.
+.
, ,
,
, .

,

-, ,
+. ..

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

45
,
.

,
,
.

11

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

46
, ,
scroll .

scroll

.

,
.


- ,
.

Ctrl (. 2.7).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

47

2.5

,
.. . ,
,
.
: ,
OSNAP
. ,

OSNAP , , ,
.
,
,
. 2D
, , - ,
.
.
3D
,
. ,
,
,
3D .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

48

3D
3D ,
OSNAP .
,
. ,
.

3D ,
, ,
(X,Y,Z). 3D
,
.

OSNAP
3D (. 2.13.5).
, , (
3D ), OSNAP
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

49

,
Y ( )


3D 2D ,

. ,
,

2D . ,
, , ,
.
, ,

2D 3D ,
.
,
,
,
.
2D

,
- - .
,
.. ,
,
.. .
2D ,
X Y , Z
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

50
2D . 2D
.
X Y ,
Z . ,
2D .

2.5.1


. 2D ,
. ,

. , ,
.

2.5.2


2D ,
.
,


.
,
.
.

:

radio button
. ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

51

.



.
45
: 0, 45, 90, 135, 180, 225, 270 315.
, ,


.

33 50
, .
2D .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

52
, .
.




,
.

. ,
,
.
, F8.

2.5.3


2D .

.
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

53

,
.

2.5.4


. , ,
, , -
.
(
) (
). ,
.


2D
X ..Y ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

54
. ,
..

,
:
. <7.56, 24.14>:_
,
.
, , : ,
, OSNAP-.
,
.

:

,
,
.

( 0,0,0). X, Y Z se
.

,
(0,0) 2D ,
X-. ,
2D . ,
, <. ,
. :
5.0<60, :
X=5*Cos(60)=2,5
Y=5*Sin(60)=4,33

.
@,
.
2D X=2, Y=1,
@2.5,-3.0,
.
X=2+2.5=4.5
Y=1-3=-2.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

55


, @.
2D X=4,0 Y=2,0, : @1.41<45,
:
X=4,0+1.41* Cos(45 )=5,0
Y=2.0+1,41* Sin(45 )=3,0.

2.5.5

(OSNAP )

,
.
.
Osnap ..
.. .


.
Osnap
F3.
OSNAP .

OSNAP ,
.
( ),
X, ,
.

,
OSNAP

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

56
OSNAP ,
, ,

OSNAP
. OSNAP
, . ,

OSNAP ,
. ,
.

, OSNAP
, ..
. , ,
,
OSNAP .
Osnap , ,
. OSNAP

Osnap.

OSNAP

.
OSNAP :

-
. ,
. ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

57

, ,
.
,
.


, .


,
.


,
( ) .

.. ,
.


.

.

.. .
,
. ,
.. .
Tower 6 OSNAP
. OSNAP
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

58

,
OSNAP
. , ,
.
:
Osnap ,
Osnap ,
.
:
,
. ,
- OSNAP ,
.

2.5.6

,
,
. . ,
:
<1> . (/<>/):


.
<.> (////<>):
,

. ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

59

(. 3.4.1).
,
2.8.

2.6


. ,
,
. ,
. ,
.. .
<-> . ( / . / / / <> / ):
.

.. . , ,

. ,
, ,
.
< >, ,

Enter . ,
Tower 6
.
,
- .
<-> . ( / <.> / / / / ):

2D 3D . , 2D

. ,
3D , 2D
- 2D
- .
, ,


.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

60

0,00 ,
,
[Z=0,00] DRAG mod.

2.6.1


, ,
.
<-> (/<>/):
,
. ,
, ,
,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

61
, , .
, :
:
,
,
:
, ,
DRAG mod-
.
, ,
,
<-> (//<>/):
- ,
. ,
.. -
.
,
.
<-> (///<>/):

,
. ,
,
.

.
,
.. ,
Enter (
),
.

2.6.2


. .
,
.

<-> . (/.///<>/):
. .
<-> (//):
.
,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

62


.
,
. ,
:
<-> ():
, DRAG-mod-
, .
, .

1 2 ,

, .,
.
( )
. ,

.
<-> ():

.

<-> ():
, DRAG-mod- ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

63

( 1) ( 2),

.
. ,
.
,
.
<-> ():
<-> ():
, drag mod-
,
,
.
<-> ():

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

64

1 2 ,
3 .
:
, ,
, 3D
. ,
,
2D ,
.
, ,
.

2.6.3

, ,
,
.
<-> . (/.///<>/):
,
, ():
<-> ():_
<-> ():_
, DRAG-mod- ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

65

1 , 2
:
,
,
, 2D .
:
,
,
. , ..
,
.

2.6.4

,
,
.
<-> . (/.///<>/):
, , , ,
,
. ,
.
<0 .> - (////<>/):
, 2.8
.
,
.. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

66

,
. ,
,
,
.
-
,
.

2.6.5

,
, .
.
<0 .> (//////<>):
.
,
.. .
:
. ,

.
:
,

.

,
( 20 )

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

67

2.7

..
. -
.
ZUM .. .
, ZUM
.
ZUM zoom-a .
,
.. .
.. ZUM-

.
,
.
. , . . ,
Ctrl. ,
, .
CTRL + = Z / CTRL + = Z
/ CTRL + = Z
, Ctrl,
,
. ,
. .
Zum- ,
,
. .

2.7.1

.
.
,
.

,
:
:_
:_
. ..
. Ctrl
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

68

2.7.2

.
Zum-
.

, Ctrl
.

2.7.3

.

. ,

. ,
.

,



. ,

Enter
.
.
, .
, ,
,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

69

2.7.4

. .

.
.

,
. .
, ,
, , . ,
..
Enter
.

2.7.5

.
, .
,
, , , ,
, .

, Ctrl
.
:
. .
.. , ,
.
..
. , Zum- 3D ,
, 3D ,
. . .
, zum-.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

70

2.7.6

,
- ,

.

.

2.8

, ,
,
. ,
. ,
, .
,

<0 .> (//////<>):


, select-box- (
)
. ,
,
, ,
,

<3 .> (//////<>):


, 2D 3D
.

2D ( ).
, ,
, -
.
3D ,
, .
, , ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

71

( )

( ),
,
, 2D
.

.. .
,
, .
, ,
.
,
, ,
,
.

,
. ,
, ,
2D 3D . 3D

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

72
, , ,
2D
2D .

- ,

. ,
,
.

,

,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

73
, (select box)
.
, select box-
, ,
.
:

.

,
. ,
, :
:
:
, DRAG-mod-
, .
, ,
. ,
,
, (crossing)
,
.

, ,

,
(crossing),

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

74

, ,
:
(/.///<>):
,
2.6, , , ,
.
,
. , ,
.

,
. ,
.
:
:
,
.


- .

,


-

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

75
2D 3D . 3D ,
2D .
:

, ,
. ..
-, .

, .
, ,
. , ,
, ,
,
..
. , .
- ,
,
.

, .
,
..
. ,
(
) .


.
, : , ,
, . ,

.

,
. , ,
,
.

.


.
. , ,
,
.


.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

76
-
-
. - ..
, .
.
<3 .> (/////<>):

, ,
- . -

, ,
. -, ,
..

-
. , Shift,
-.
:
,
. , ,

.

,
1 2.
,
,
(. 2.9.15),
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

77
:
,
,
. ,

. ,
. , ,
, (. 2.10).

2.9


. ,
, .
, ,
.
, 2.8,
, .

2.9.1

,
.

, ,
:
<0 .> - (//////<>):
, Enter
. ,
.

2.9.2


, . ,


.

:
:
,
:
() <1>:

1, . ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

78
,
.

.
,

.
(<>):

.

2.9.3

()


.

,
.

(<>/):

,
.
, .

,
.. .
(|||) <1>:
,
X , , ,
.
, .
:
.. ,
,
X .
, .
, .
:

. DRAG mod-

. ,
.
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

79

, ,


(...) <1>:
:
,
.
,
Y ,
Y .

.


1 2
( =2,
=4)


1 2
( =2,
=4)


,

.
(<>/):
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

80

(
=12,
=360)

(
=12,
=360)

,
,
.
,
,
.
. :
, ,
,
.

.
, , .

.
:
, ,
. , , , 3 ,
, 4
:
, , ..
.
<360>:
,
.
, DRAG mod-

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

81
:


. ,
,
.

3D .

2.9.4

,
, ..
:
:
:
, :
(<>/):
,
, ,
.. .

2.9.5

, ,
, , .
:
:
(
) ,
. ,
DRAG mod-,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

82
,
.
(< >/):
, (),
. ,
.
:
,
, ,
. , 3D
,
. ,

.

3D .

2.9.6

,

.

, , ,
.. .
:
:

2.9.7

-
.

,
.
<0 .> (//////<>):
- ,
,
. ,

. , ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

83
( ),
select-box- ( ).
(<>):
.. select-box-
.
,

.
, ,
, .
.

2.9.8


. ,

.

,
:
<0 .> - (//////<>):

,
. ,
select-box :
(<>):
,
.
, () .


.

2.9.9

,
,
,

,
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

84
<0 .> - ( / / / / / /
<>):
, , ,

.

.
:
:

2.9.10 3D

,
.

2D ,

(<>/):


,
.
(X) <1>:
(Y) <1>:
(Z) <1>:

X, Y, Z
. ,
.
(X) :
(Y) :
(Z) :
,
. ,
.
:

,
. , ,

. ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

85
. ,

.
:
:

.

2.9.11 3D
,

. , ,

.
:
():
():

, - .

,
.
(<>/):

2.9.12 3D
.
,
.
, 3D

.
:
:
,
.
:
(<>/):

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

86

2.9.13 (./.)
,
.
,
.
..
.
., ..
..
Ctrl Z

..
Ctrl Y

, Zum-
. .

2.9.14
,

. , ,

. ,

. :
, , ..
,
:
<0 .> - (//////
<>):
.
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

87

2.9.15


. , ,
.
(//<>):
,
(. 2.5.6).

<0 .> (////<>):


,
.

,
:
, ,
,

. ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

88

2.10

,
,
. , ,
, ,
, ,
.
, ,
.
, , -
. ,
.
,
, ,
.

2.10.1
()
,
, dijalog box,
.

dijalog box-
, dijalog box ,
. ,
.
dijalog box, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

89

dijalog box-


.
, ..
.
, , .

,

(Radio button-),

.
().
, ,
. ..
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

90
- ,
() .

, .


,
. ,
, .

.
,
.
.

. -
.
.
.

-
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

91

- .

. ,
< >.

- check box-
,
.
.

- check box- ,
.
.

- check box- ,
.
45 .

- check box- ,
.
45 .

, ,
, ,
,
. - ,
: {1}.

,
. ,
.

. - check box- ,
,
.

- check box- ,
, .. .

. -
.

.

- check box- ,
.
45 .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

92

- check box- ,
.
45 .

.
~

, .


,
. ,
,
.

.
,
.

.

.
.
.

.

.

.
, l l.

, ,
, ,
,

.
-
,

: {1}.

. - check box- ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

93

. -
.

.

.
~

,
.

, ,
,
. - ,
(1).

. - check box- ,
,
.

. -
.

.

.
~

,
.

.

, ,
. ,
, .

.
~

. ,
2D ,
,
.

.
,
.. .
p, m.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

94
.
~

,
.

, ,
.
P=, M=.

.
~


, .


.
, ,

to= ,
dt=.

.
~


.
.
to= , dt2= i dt3=.

. a
~

,
.

,
. u=,
=.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

95

check box-
.

. check box- ,
,
. check box
.

- check box- ,
.

. - check box- ,
,
. check box
.


.
P=.

.

.
.



. : *-n.

.

- check box- , 2D
, ,
.

- check box- , 2D
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

96

- check box- , 2D
, ,
.

. - check box- , 2D
, ,
.

- check box- , 2D
, ,
.

2D

.

- 2D

.

. - 2D

.

.

- 2D

.

. 2D

.

.

. check box-
, .


.

,
.


2D ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

97

- check box-a
: ,
. (layer),
check box-
.

. .
~

.

.

.
check box- ,
.
,
.

... check box-,


.

check box-,
. check box
.

/
dijalog boks-
,
.. .


,
. ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

98
edit box- ,
. ,
, ,
.

, dijalog box-
- .

-

, ,
,
, . ,
,
.
.

. ,
,
.

-
.

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

99

dijalog box-


. ,
.


. , ,
, , .

.

,

(
), .. .
: , , . ,
, . , . , . ,
, , , . ,
. , , , ,
, , , .
, layer-, ..
layer-.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

100

,
, .
,
.
.
.
,
( , . . )
.
,
.
.

2.10.2 ()
, ,

. ,
( , ,
, ..). ,
,
.
,
.
<0 .> - (//////<>):
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

101
,
.
<>:
, ,
.
, Enter, ,
,
: . ,
,
. , ,

. , ,
,
.



, dijalog box
, .

Dijalog box

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

102
dijalog box
.

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

103


.

,

,
, dijalog box
.

, ,
, , , , . ,
, ,
.
- ,
.. , edit box-
.
Enter, Tab.
,
.
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

104



.
.. .
check box-
,
,
.

2.11 (
)
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

105
, ,
,
Z . - 2D

.

2.11.1 ()
,
. dijalog box
.

dijalog box-
dijalog box- ,
, . list box-
, dijalog box-a
.
(. 3.4.1).
,
.
( ), ( Z)
( h). ,
, ,
..
- . 9 ,
, .. ..
.

,
Z .
, edit box- :
Enter.
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

106
Z . edit box-
5.5 Enter,
5.5.
Z
. .. list box-
.
, ,
.
, , edit box-
@. edit box-
@5.5,
5.5 .
Z .
, .
*. edit box- 4*3.5,
, Z :
3.5 7.0 10.5 14.
Z .
, ,
,
.
10 , edit box- @3*2.2,
,
: 12.2 14.4 i 16.6.
, Z
Z .
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

107
( / <>):

,
.
Z .
,

.
, ,
.



. , list box- ,
.
,
,

,
.


list box-. h
. ,
, ,
. , h

( 0.00).

Z,
. ,
,
, .

,
(: , 5, 4, ..).

.

dijalog box-
. ,
:
CTRL+ = .
CTRL+ = .
CTRL+ = .
= .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

108
dijalog box-
,
-
.
, ,
. ,
.
, .


, dijalog
box .
, , dijalog box-,
Z (.
3.4.1). 2D
. , , .. Z .
:
,
,
. ,
, ,
. , .
Z=0,00
. Z
3m, Z=3,00,
Z=3,00.

2.11.2

. ( ),
. ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

109

9 ,
.
.

2D : 2 [6.00]
2D
.. 2D ,
:
-

Home -
End
-

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

110

2.11.3
, X, Y Z
,
Z
.


2D ,
Z=3 : 2,4,6 ,
: X=2; Y=4; Z=3+6=9.
: @1,2,3 ,
Z=3 X=4; Y=5 ,
: X=4+1=5;
Y=5+2=7; Z=3+3=6.

2.11.4
()
,
. , ,
,

.


.

, , ,
. dijalog box
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

111

dijalog box-a
default- *.twp,
, Tower .
,
, .
" " (.
3.6.5).
.
Tower-,
Planet-
(Planet , ..
). ,
Planet (*.plw)
*.plw.
,
dijalog box .

dijalog box-

,
,
, .
.
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

112
. ,

. , ,
,

.

.. .
0. ,
,
.
. , ,
-
.
0. , , ,
, .

.
default-, 0.
,
- .
,
,
.

2.11.5 ()

.

.
, , ..
.
,
- .
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

113
,
.
.
, ,
, , .
dijalog box .

dijalog box-
..
. ( )
( Z).
,
. 9 ,
.. ..
.
,
. -
.
, ,
. ,
, - Shift Ctrl.
Ctrl - ,
, .
, -.
Shift
Ctrl,
,
.
.. .
,
, .
, ..
.. , .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

114

2.11.6 ()
2
.

( ).

/
,
,
.
/
,
,
.

, .

,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

115
,
.

.

2.11.7
()
, , ,
, .
, ,
.. .
,
, .

,
() .. .
, .. ,
,
.
..
, ,
.. .

.. ,
.. ,
, .
,
.
.. ,
.. ,

.
, ,
..
.
,
, .
,
,
- : , , .
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

116


,
,

- . ,
,
-
. -
, ,
, ,
.

,
. ,
, .

()

, ,

. , -

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

117
,
.
,
.
,
.

- . ,
, ,

.
,
,
,
(. 3.3.6),
,
. ,
,
,
.

2.12


()

,
,
.
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

118

2.12.1 ()

. ,
.
(/.///):
2.6
.
( )
, .
,

.
_n _n K_n _n -

- ,
X (
)
- ,
Y (
)
- ,

X, Y ( )
- ,
( )

n -
, ,
. , ,
.

. ,

2D 3D . ,
,
,

.
,
(,
)
. ,
. ,
..
, 2D .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

119


, .

2.12.2 ()


. :
<0 .> - ( / / / /
/ / <> / / ):
,
. , ,
. ,
.
: _1

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

120
_1 - /
. ,
.
, , . ,

, .

.
:



,
(_n, _n, K_n, _n).
,
.

(, , ).


. ,
,
.
, ,
.
,
.
( ,
, ,...)
. ,
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

121

2.12.3

.
, 2D
.

2D : _2
2D

,
.
,
. ,
, , ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

122

Home
End

2.12.4

. X ,
Y ( Z ), Z
.

.


.
X
,
..
. ,
( 45),
X X
. Y
Z , Z
.
2D , X
, Y ,
,
2D .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

123

X


,
, , Z
2D , ..
.

2.12.5
,
, 2D
.

2D

X ,
Y .. Z .
,
, ,
X .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

124


, X , Z
.
2D ,
Z ..
.
, 2D
, ,
. , 2D ,
, .. 0 - 2.
2D ,
, ,
, . ,
,
. ,
,
, .. Z
( , ).
( 0 2)
,
, ,
, .
, 2,
X

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

125

X
: 2 +4
:
, ,
(: 0 - 2). ,
,
0 - 2, ,
.


2 4


-2 0

, ,
( 0 2).
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

126



2D
:
-2
+4.
( -2 0
2 +4), ,

X
.
( 0 +2).
X

(2r). ,
X (2r)
.

,

.
, X
( : 2r),
( 0 2). ,
,
X .
, ,
.

,
(
). ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

127

.
0 2
, .
.
2D ,
Z .
,
.
2D
(. 2.14.1).
, <>,
2D
.

.

, ,
,


,
. ,
. (. 3.1.12)
. ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

128

nr dH

2.12.6

.. ,
,
.

2D . ,
.

: , , ,
, .

. :
, , .

(. 2.9), ,
.

2.12.7
,
,
. .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

129

,
. ,
,
:

, ,
.
,

. , ,
.
,
. ,
.

2.13

3D ( 3D )

3D ,
, .

3D
..
. ,
.
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

130
,
. ,
( ),
..
.

2.13.1 ()

,
. , 3D
,
.


,
.

. 3D ,
.

, , ,
,
.
.

, , ,
,
.
.
,
, , ,

, .
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

131

,
, , ,

.
.
,
. , ,
Ctrl.
, 3D ,
.

, , ,
, Y .

.

, , ,
, X .

.
,
, , ,
X
Y , .
,
, , ,
Z .
.
Enter,
,

, Default.
3D ,
.
Esc
.

2.13.2 (Render)
Render,
.. .
9 ,
.
:

, .
Render ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

132
.
, .

render-

Render
.
Render -

,
(. 3.3.4).
Render, Render Render -
,
.

2.13.3 ()
..
3D .
,
.



3D



3D


.

.
-



.
W.



.
S.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

133



.
X.



.
Z.



.
A.



.
Q.



.
P.



.
O.



.
K.



.
I.


(
1,
15). + - ,
.. .
*, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

134

2.13.4 ( )

, ,
.

dijalog box-
,
. () ,
.
, .
.
,
check box- Render. check box
,
.

check box- Render


3D
(,
), ,
. ,
. , ,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

135
edit box- , ,
:
dx =
-
3D
xm=
3D
d=

,
-
3D

m=
3D
d=

.
,
, . ,
,
. ,
DRAG mod-,
. ,
. ,
, .
,
, .
,
, ,
. ,
DRAG mod-,
.

. Full Drag
,
3D .
- ,
,
. ,
:
CTRL+ =
CTRL+ =
CTRL+ =
=

.
.
.
.

, 3D
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

136

2.13.5

,
,
.. .
-

( Y-)

( Y-)

( X -)

( X -)

( Z -)

( Z -)

, ..
. 9
.


.. ,
, ,
. ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

137

2.13.6 2D (
2D )
2D ..
.. .
9 ,
,
2D
.

2D
3D

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

138
2D
, ..
.

2.13.7 2D
2D
.. .. .
9 ,
, 3D
2D .

3D

,
2D , . , ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

139

2.14


2D
( 2D )

, 2D
. ,

,
.
, 2D .

2D

2.14.1

.
<0 .> (<>):

,
,
.
<0 .> - (< >):

. ,
. ,
\. ,
,
.. ,
.

.. , .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

140


,
.
<>:
,
.
, Esc.
, .
,
2D . , ,
, Enter,
,
: .
, . ,
, ,
.
, , , 2D
, .. ,
. 2D
,
.


, ,
. , (. 3.1.10),
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

141


2D
, ,
, ,
2D
(. 2.12.5). , 2D ,
.


, ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

142

2.14.2
Tower .
/ ,
2D .
,
,
. , , ,

. ,
,
.
.
, :


,
, .
- ,
. ,
.

.



.
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

143


,
.
.

9



+.

.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

144


,
,
.

, ,

,
, .
2D
.

2D
, ,
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

145

2.14.3

2D
.. .
2D ,
f.



, ,
2D .

2D ,
1

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

146

2.14.4 (Ctrl+W)

2 (
).
Ctrl W,
:


.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

147


,
2 , -
.
.
.
,
. ,
, ,
- .

2.14.5 ()

2.11.6.
.

2.14.6
2D - ,

(: ,
2D ).
, ,
. -
,
. , ,
, , Y ,
,

. ,
.
: , , , ,
, .. .
9, ,
.. 2D .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

148
2 ,
, : (Front), (Right)
(Top). ,
.


. ,
.
( ),
.


, .

2.14.7
2D , -
,
, -
. ,

.
,
.
,
. ,
X Y ,
, X Y
.

( ),
,

. ,
3.1.12.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

149

2.14.8
, , .

-

( ).
.
(: ),
..
2D (: ).
2D
.
2
Top (
).

.

dijalog box-

(. 2.11.5).
, 2D ,
. -
,
.
,
.
: , , ,
. ,
,
.

, ,
,

. ,
.
, - ,
2D .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

150
2D
,
(
).
9 ,
2D
.

Off

On

,
, 2D ,
[4,25], [0,00],

[4,25].
, ,
,
,
2D .
, 2D


.
,
(, ..),
OSNAP .
(, ..),

(. 3.5.1).

,
, -
,
. , ,
,

.
,

2D ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

151
. , OSNAP
.


[6,00],
OSNAP
[3,00]
,

(. 2.11.7). ,
.. ,
,
. ,
, , ,

. 2D ,
,
, ,
.
3.3.6 .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

152

[0.00] ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

153

3.
3.1

( )
.
,
..: , ,
, ..
- ,
,
.

, 2.6. ,
,
.
(. 2.5)
,
, ()
,
. ,
(, ..) ,
,
. , ,

,
.
,

. , ,
,
, ..
.
.

,
, ,
, . ,
() ,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

154

,
,
e.

.
.

,
, ,
. ,

.
,
.

.


, ,
,
. ,
10-20 ,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

155

.


, dialog box-,
.

.
,
- .
,
.
1 n,
.

-

.
,
, ,
..
.
,
<->,
.

.

(
<->), .
1 n,
dialog box-.
( .).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

156
.

.
, ,
. dialog box- ,
.
list box- .

list box- .
list box-a ,
dialog box
.



.. .
, ,
. check
box - . check box
,
default ,
,
(,
). ,
.
, ,

-
. ,
,
, .

,
.
.

,

.. .

.
,
, -
,
.
,
(
), .
..
.

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

157
:

.
:
..
,
.
, ..
:
,
, ,
. , ,
.


.
.
,

, .

3.1.1

/
,
.. .

. , :

<-> . (/.///<>/) :_
,
, .. .
2.6,
. , ,
,
.
, .

dialog box
.. .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

158

dijalog box-a
(d), (e),
. ,
. .
, d [m] , e [m]

, ,
.

.

e [m]
,
Tower
ArmCAD. ,

, ,
ArmCAD

.
deafult- ,

.


(e=d/2)
, e,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

159

.


(e1=d1/2; e2=d2/2)


(e1=e2=d1/2)

e
,
Z ,
.

X Y , Z
.
,
,
2D ,
. 2D
.. .
Z ..
.

,
,
.
, ,
, .
edit box-:
Et Em m -

, ..
,
. ,

.

,
(
),
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

160

dijalog box-
, ,
. ,
, ,
: E [kN/m2], , [kN/m3], t [1/C], Em
[kN/m2] m.
. ,
,
.

,

,

, . ,
,
. ,

.

. ,
.
.

,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

161
, .
, ,

.
(,
, , ) .

dialog box-,
, (
), .

,
edit box-
,

edit box-.

, .
,
. ,
.
radio button-a :
. ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

162

..
,
(E=E1=E2; =1=2). ,
( ), ..
.
,
,
.

,
edit box- E2, G ,
E ( E=E1 =1)
.
E

E2
G

1 (E1)
1 (1)
2 (E2 E1)

1 X

2, :
2*E1=1*E2
, 1
.. .
, ,

, E=E1=E2 =1=2,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

163

, G,
, .
.

3.1.2


.

:

(/.///<>):

. ,
. .
,
, , .
,
. ,
,
. ,
.
,
, , .. ,
,
. ,
- ,
.. .
,
, ,
.

.

3.1.3



, .
,
, . ,
,
.

( / . / . / / <> / / ):

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

164
,
,
.




,
.
.
, ,
, .
- ,
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

165





, ,
.

.


1 ,
3 1
, 2
. ,
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

166
M1
M2
M3
N1
T2
T3

1
2
3
1
2
3

,
.

1
.

/, . /
,
.

.

.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

167

,


,
.
. ,
,
,
.


Radio button
. radio
button
, ,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

168
.
radio button
.

,

.





. :
- ,

-
-

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

169

, ,

.
.




,

. ,
, ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

170

,
2D , .
,

. -
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

171
:
-
() ,
1 (1).
- ,

1 (1).
, -

:
, -



, .
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

172
<0 .> ( / /
/ / / / <>):
,
.
,

.




, .

,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

173
:

.. . ,
,
, , .

, ,
,
.
,
, . ,
, 2D ,
,
. 3D ,
, 2D ,

.
<0 .> - (///<>):
,
.

3.1.4

,

:

<-> . (/.///<>/):
, ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

174

dijalog box-a
:
- (E, , , t)
- (A1, A2, A3, I1, I2, I3)

.
.


, : Em m
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

175


, ,
1 , 2
1 , 3
, 1
2.


,
1,
, ,
,
.

,
. ,
()
..., 3.3.2..
:
A1 - ,
1 ( )
A2 - ,
2 (
2)
A3 - ,
3 (
3)
I1 - , 1
( )
I2 - , 2
( 2)
I3 - , 3
( 3)

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

176

,
. ,
,

.
/
:

() - -
.
() - -
( ).
(/) -
.
(/)
, ()
() - .
-
,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

177

.
.


check box-a ,

( ), () . ,
(
), ,

. ,
.

- OFF

- ON

, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

178


.
.

,

check
.

box

,
.
, .

dijalog box-a

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

179
,
,

.
, ,

, -
(. 3.1.7).

. ,

.
(, -, I-, ,
, , , , I- )
.
,
, ,
edit box-.

T-
, ,
, ,
+. .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

180


, ,
+ -, (
- , ..
). (I ., IPE
., ...), ,
. , ,
I .,
.

I ()

,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

181

I ()

.





(. 3.1.7).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

182


.
.

dijalog box-a
,
, : Tower.

.

edit box-
.
,

.
- .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

183



,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

184

, dijalog box-a

,
. , ,
.
, .

. ,
, dijalog box-a
.
(
),
scroll , .
, .
, : A1, A2, A3, I1, I2 I3
. L HOPL
, 1 2
1 2 (
, .. tan ).
, ,
dijalog box-a
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

185




( check box-a
).
.
,



.
, ,

, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

186

,
.

,
, .
,

.
, dijalog box
,
.


,

check box: , ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

187

,


, ,
.
,
,
. ,
.


.

edit box-
. , dijalog
box-a, ,
dijalog box-a .

b/d=20/40
,
,
2 3 . 3
(
3) 2 (
2),
.
, (
).
, check box-a (

9), (
2 ).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

188
,
. ,
dijalog box-a
.

, 3,
2, , check box-a ,
. , dijalog boxa, ( ,
).
.

, [ L
,
. - ,
[ L , dijalog box-a
.

[ ,

default-
,
. -
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

189

[
edit box- a=
, [ .


,
, 3 2
.

L .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

190

L ,

, , L
.

,
.
, , ,
(
).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

191
, , ,
, edit box- ,
. edit box- ,
.



,
,
3 2.
,
,
. ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

192

-
.
, edit box- e=
, :
, ,
e
, ,
e
- , ,
e

- , ,
e

.
b/d=20/40 d=16,
edit box- e= (e=8),
.

e=8

, dijalog box-a,

, .
, , ..

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

193

e=0


.

, default ,
.
edit box- e=, .

,
default

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

194



, ,
,
( ),
. ,
,
, .


,


(
).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

195

Edit box

. check box
.

90,


, ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

196

,
3 2

,
.



(
),
, dijalog box ,
.


edit box- A1, A2, A3, I1, I2 I3,
.
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

197
*, ,
, .

*

,
() .

.

2
,

.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

198


.
(, T, I-, , , , , ,
I-). ,
,
. ..

dijalog box-a

, , edit box-, ,
.
3D , ,
,
.
.


..

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

199

. ,
,
,
, ,
, .


, S E,
.
dL,
,
.

.




, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

200

,

.
,
dL
.
,
0, .. 1.
, dL
()
, .

,

,
.
?, dL. ,


.
, ,
edit box-
.
, 3D .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

201

1
, ,
edit box-
, .

d=100 ,


. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

202

,

, ,
,
.
.
3 2 ,
,

. , ..


.



,

, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

203

,
10
, 3 2
.


3
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

204



.
180
, 1 3.


edit box- =
1 ,
2.

, .
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

205



,
, ,
3D .


.
.


, ,
.
, ,
.
, edit box-, (
,
). , (
),
. ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

206



,
,
,
,
.
,
, ,
.




-
- , ,
..
.
,
.
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

207

,
(. 2.9.15).

1 2,

..

(
3.1.6).

, ,
-
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

208

,
,
. ,
, ..
.
,
, ,

. , ,
,
.

. ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

209
,
,
. 3D ,
..
.
1 ,

,

.
,
,
.




, ...,
3 .

3,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

210
, 3D ,
180. ,
,
, .

(/)
,
.



..
.

M3
, ,
,
.

,
, M3 (. 3.1.5).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

211



,

.
()
(),

. , ,
.

e=8
d=16 cm
I1 ,
(1E-009),
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

212

* ,

,
.
,
.


.
.

,

check box ,

,

.

,

.
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

213
, ,

.
check box ,
,
,
.
,
.
, , ,
.. .
, ,
,
,
.
,
. .
.

, 1 2, 1
, 2
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

214

.
1 ,
, 2,
.
, ,
.. ( Cen.Lin).
(Set-a) 2 ,
, 1,
. ,
. , - ,
.
Set-a 2, ,
..
, .

( Set-a 2) (,
).


:
b= br + 20 d = 0.2 + 20 x 0.2 =4.2 m
b= br + 0.25 lo = br + 0.25 x ( 0.75 x 5 ) = 0.2 + 0.25 x 0.75 x 5 = 1.1375m
,
, Tower ,
.
( 2)
,
b . .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

215

2
Ny. ,
1.125,
,
.

Ny

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

216

My

2
,
:
M= Ms + M2 + N2 x 0.3 = -34.68 250.23 + (-418.59 ) x 0.3 = 410.87 kNm
1 (
) : -345.18 kNm.
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

217
(
) :
:
( 200 )
200x2x2 =
:
:
2x2x0.8x0.2x25 =

5x0.2x2x25x1 =
:

800
16
50
866

Tower
( ) :

Ny My
( ) 5 ( ),
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

218
Tower-a .
:
MP
M1
N2
M2

-250.23
-151.13
-345.18
-418.59

NP
431.59

N1
-8.74

:
M = MP + M1 + M2 + N2 x 0.3 = ( -151.13 ) + ( -345.18 ) + ( - 250.23 ) + ( -418.59 ) x 0.3 =
-872.117
,
, ..
.
866,
: ( 872.117 866 ) /866 = 0.00706 , .. 0.7%.
, Tower
, ( 0.7% )

.

,
, .


.
b/d=40/40 ,
.
b/d=80/40 ,
( e=80/2-40/2=20 ). ,
N1=10 ,
, M3 = 10 x 0.2 = 2.0 .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

219

M3
,
,
,
.
.



b/d=20/40 ,
, (
e=10 ). ,
:
M3 = q x l2 / 8 = -8 x 102 / 8 = 100 .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

220
,
,
.

M3
,

. ,
,
.

. , ,
.

3.1.5

,
, ,
,
.
, dijalog box, :
<0 .> (//<>):
, dijalog box-
, select box
. ,
, dijalog box-,
.
,
, .
(.
2.8).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

221
, ,
..

.

,
.. . ,
.. ,
. :
M1 - 1
M2 - 2
M3 - 3
N1 - 1
T2 - 2
T3 - 3
3D , ,
,
, - . 2D
.
, .

, ,
M2 M3 . ,
2D
, .
, ,
2D ,
.

, 2D
.
,

.
,
, .
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

222


, ,
, ,

- ,
- ,
.
,
- ,
.

,
M3 T2
,
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

223
dijalog box- ,
. .
,
,
.


, 3
( X ),
M3
.


,
M3


,
M3


,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

224

, ,
,
,
,
.
, .
- , ,
(. 2.9.15),
, .
,
.
-
.

1 2,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

225
,

.
Tower
- , .
,
.

,
,
, .
,
.

(
) (
). .


,

- ,

:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

226

:

, ,
/. ,
,
.

3.1.6

3.1.4,
- -
, , ..
.
,
,
. .
<0 .> e
(Sve//////<>):

..
. ,
,
.
(<:/):

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

227
,
,
. ,
.
,
.

3.1.7

Tower 6
. .
,

, .
.

( ),
( ).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

228

,


.
,
,
:



,
.



, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

229

,

.
<0 .> (<>):
.



.
- ,
,

.



.

.
( ),

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

230
.
.


,
.
, ,
.

. ,
,
. ,
.

.


1, 2, 3
4, ,
.

. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

231

.


,


,
.
radio button
.

Radio button
,
. ,
- :



.
.
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

232
,
, .

.

3.1.8



, ,

. ,
:

:
, :
():

.

:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

233




. , ,

,

.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

234




, .


.



.

.
,
- .

,
.

.

1 2, 2.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

235
... ( 2 / <>):
1 3,
2
.
... ( 3 / <>):
1 3

. ,
.
, ,
.
.

3 .
,

.

3.1.9

.

.
.. .


.
<-> . (/.///<>/):

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

236
, ,
.


list box-,

.
R1 - 1
..
1.
R2 - 2
..
2.
R3 - 3
..
3.
..
.
9, .
9.
, edit
box-, list box-a: K,R1, K,R2 K,R3.

. default-
(1E+10), . ,
, ,
9 list box-. ,
edit box .

(. 3.1.1).
,
. , K,R3
.
. ,
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

237

K,R3=,stv./ s,stv
,stv. - ()
s,stv - ()
,stv=200 /2, s,stv=0,02 ,
: K,R3=200/0.02=10000 /3.
KR1 KR2,
1, .. 2,
,
3.
,

.
-.
Tower

.



+/NL+
NL-


. .



:
,
.
( , , ..),
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

238

3.1.10
.
,
:
<-> . . (/.///<>/):
( ),
,
.



(. 2.11.7),
. ,
( ) ,
(
). , ,
.
, ,
. ,
. , ,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

239


list box-,
, .. ,
.
R1 - 1
.. 1.
R2 - 2
.. 2.
R3 - 3
.. 3.
M1 - 1 ..

1.
..
.. .
, edit box-,
list box-a: K,R1, K,R2, K,R3 K,M1.

. default-
(1E+10), .

(. 3.1.4),
... .
, , default
.
,
. , ,
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

240
, (
default- K,R2), ,
:
K,R2=,stv./ s,stv
, , edit box-
b= ..
.
, . ,
,
.

,
,
.
Tower

.



+/NL+
NL-


. .



Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

241

,

,
,
.
edit box- d=,
, edit box- .
, ,
, .
,
,
.

3.1.11 .
.
,

:
<_> . (//<>/):
, . ,
, .. ,
, .
(.
2.5.6.).
<0 .> (////<>):
,
.
(. 2.8). ,
.

. ,
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

242

,

,
, ,
.



(. 2.11.7),
. ,
( ) ,
(
). , ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

243


list box-,
, .. ,
.
R1 - 1
.. 1.
R2 - 2
.. 2.
R3 - 3
.. 3.
M1 - 1 ..

1.
M2 - 2 ..

2.
M3 - 3 ..

3.
..
.. . ,
edit box-,
list box-a: K,R1, K,R2, K,R3, K,M1, K,M2 K,M3.

. default-
(1E+10), .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

244
Tower

.
,
.



+/NL+
NL-

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

245

. 3

(NL+)
..
, ,
, 3D .



, ,
:

( XY)

( YZ)

( XZ)

3D

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

246
2D

, 2D
, .

, ,
.

3D ,

,
. ,
.. .



,
, 2D .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

247
2D ,
.
, 2D .

2D ,
, .


.

,
.

.

.


, .


, .

,
,
.
:
Tower ,
. ,

,
....

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

248

,

,
,
.
,
, ,
. ,
,
.
,
.

3.1.12

. ,
, ,
.
.
: . , .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

249


, .

.


:
- ..
, .
-
.

- , ,
.

,
,
.
.
, . ,
.
- , ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

250

2D
(.
2.14.1 2.14.7),
2D
.. .
,
,
. ,
, ,
,
, .

2D -
,
,
.
, ,

.
, , X
Y , Z
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

251

2D ,
, ..
. ,
.

,
, .

. ,
OSNAP ,
.
,
default-,
. (. 3.1.12.6).

3.1.12.1

. X ,
, .
,
, .
:
.:

. ,
.
(hmax=3.0000) <3.0000>:

.
default ,
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

252
,
,
.
<0 .> . ( / / / / /
/ <>):
(.
2.8). ,
, ,
. ,
,
,
.




, . ,
.

,
, -

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

253

3.1.12.2


. ,
,
.

3.1.12.3


,
.
:
,
,
(. 2.6.2).
:
:

. ,
.
,
.
(hmax=3.0000) <3.0000>:

.
default ,
.
,
.
,
, ,
.

3.1.12.4


,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

254

,

:
( 1), ,
( 2)
():
,
.. . ,
. ,
,
1 2.
,
( 3).
():
,
.


.
(<180.0>):
.
180, , ,
.
.
:
,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

255

3.1.12.5


- .
,
, .. .
<0 .> - :
.. .
,
. , , ,
, .
<0 .> . ( / / / / /
/ <>):
, , ,
, .
,
, , .

3.1.12.6

.,
- ,
. ,
, .
<0 .> - :
, ,
,
.

dijalog box-

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

256

, , . ,
,
.
, .
edit box-,
, .

(r =)
. (h =)
(R =) .
, ,
,
- .
.

,
, .
.
nr ..

nh ..

check box-a 3D
,
,
.

, check box-a

. , ,
, check box .
,
check box-a ,
. ,

, ,

. ,
.

.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

257

dijalog box-a
(r =),
(h =). ,
.

dijalog box-a
, ,
, .
dL .
(m).
nr ..
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

258

dijalog box-a

(R1= R2=) (h=).

. .
:

. Default
.
:
,
(. 2.12.5).

3.1.13
, ,
.
.

.
. ,
,
. ,
.

, ,
, ,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

259

1:

2:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

260

3:
, ,

.
.

1:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

261

2:

3:
,

,
, ..
. , , ,
, ,
, .
, - ,
.
, .
,
. ,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

262
,
. 3,
,
, 2 3,
2.
,
, ,
. ,
1 1,
2 2, 3,
3. , 1
I , 2
, ,
3 2, , -
,
.

..
. ,
,
. ,
. ,
- ,
,

.
,
,
. ,
, . ,
,
, ,
( ).
, , ,
.
, ..
. , ,
,
.
, ,
.
,
, 2 /.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

263

, ,
.
.
I :

M1 = q1 * l2 / 8 = (- 3) * 82 / 8 = -24

II :

M2 = (q2 - q1) * l2 / 8 + M1 = [- 5 ( -3)] * 82 / 8 + (-24) = -40

III :

M3 = (q3 q2) * l2 / 8 + M2 = [- 7 ( -5)] * 82 / 8 + (-40) = -56

.

(. 3.2.1), ,
.
,
, b/d=20/40.
, , ,
, g = 0,2 * 0,4 *
25 = 2 /.
I :

M1 = g1 * l2 / 8 = (- 2) * 82 / 8 = -16

II :

M2 = (g2 - g1) * l2 / 8 + M1 = [- 2 ( -2)] * 82 / 8 + (-16) = -16

III :

M3 = (g3 g2) * l2 / 8 + M2 = [- 2 ( -2)] * 82 / 8 + (-16) = -16

, , .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

264

3.1.13.1

()

,
, .


, ,
( N) (
).
.
,
, .

,
. check box
( 9),

. Check box
default- , ,
, , ,
. check box ,
..
() .
, ,
, ,
.

,
, .
.

. ,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

265
,
.
list box-a,
. ,
. ,
, ( ), ,
. , ,
, ,
.


,
, .

, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

266

3.1.13.2


,
,
.
.

<0 .> ( / / / /
/ / <>):
, ,
.

dijalog box-a


. ,
, .
, , .

,
, .
, .
- ,
..
, ()
, ,
. ,
,
.
, ,
,
.

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

267

, .

1,
, ,
1, .


check box ,
II 1.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

268

2,
1
, .

2,

, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

269

3, 2
3, ,
,
2.
, .
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

270

, ,
2 3.
,
3

, ,


, ,

3.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

271



. 1, ,
I ,
.

1,
I
, , 1,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

272


check box ,
II 1.

2,
1

2,
(. 3.3.1), 1
, . . 2
1.
, .
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

273

, ,
1 2.
, 2

, ,


, ,
I II .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

274

2,
, .
2,
, I .

2,

, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

275

3, 2
,
,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

276

, ,
2 3.
, 3

, ,


, ,
II III .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

277

3,
, .
3,
, 2,
.

3,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

278

3.2

,
, .
,
. , ,
.

(, , ..),
.
, , ,
.
,
,
.
,
(,
, , ..), ,
, .

,
,

, ..

. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

279

,

.
,
, ,
.

,
,
, .
,
, , ,
,
, , .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

280
:
,

, .
:
F9
, .
F10
, .
F11
, .
Alt,
, , ..
.

F12

, default
.

3.2.1

,
, :


,
( N), ( ) 9
( g),
.

.
g 9.
9 ,
.
, :g =
* d , g = * A1 , A1
. -
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

281
, ,
9.

, , ,
.

. , check box

( 9)
, .
,
. g,
,
.
, ,
. check
box ,
-bo, .. () .
, .
(
,

), :

,
, ,
.
i
. ,
, ,
, .
()
lista .
.
, ,
, (
) ,
. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

282

,

,
.. .
- ,
,
.
, ,
, 0.
.

,
,
,
,

.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

283

.


-



.

3.2.2

II- ,

, II- .

. ,
I- ,
, ..
,
. ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

284


list box- ,
. ,
,
. list box- ,
, list box
.

list box ,

.
, , ,


.
i

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

285

, ,
, (
, ,
).
, ,
,
.

, , ,
.



, list box
,
.
, list box-a,
.

, ,
,
, ,
. ,
, ,
.
list box-, , 3
, ,
. (),
, 9.
9, ,
, . , ,
, ,
. ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

286
(
.. ).
A. () .
, 9,

. ,
,
, 10-
.
list box- ,
.

, ,
31 16
,
, ,
. , ,
, , ..
, ,
, . , ,
, , , ,
, .
,
.
, ,
,
.
,
,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

287



,
9, ,
.

,
, ,
9. ,
, .
,
( ,
), .
(,
) , .. ,

. ,
,
. De- ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

288

,

,
, ,
, ,
,
.

,
(12)
, ,
.
,
.
.
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

289
.
,
,
.



, (
) .

.
.

. ,
. ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

290




OK

.






,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

291

,
,

,
, ,
. (Koeficient). ,
default-, ,
1.0, , ,
,
. - 0,
, , ,
, .
,
,
list box ,
. ,
,
, ,
.
, ..
.
, list box-
,
.

,
,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

292

3.2.3


. ,
,
, .

. (/.///<>):
,
. , 2D
, -. ,
,
.
,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

293

-



.
, ,
.
- , edit box-a T, ,
edit box-a q, .



check box-a 2D ,
, 3D ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

294

,

, 3D ,
, .




, T,
edit box-, q, .

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

295

edit box-, q,


,
. ,
default- Z , ,
,
.

dijalog box-a


.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

296


.
,

X, Y i Z,
.

, ..
2D ,
. , X i Y
, Z
.


. ,
X, Y i Z,
.

.
,
.
,
,
.
:
:
,
edit box- X=, Y= i Z=
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

297
,
.

,

, ..: , , .

.

-
.



,
. ,
.
: , ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

298


.


,
, .
, . . , .. .
2D 3D , ,
3D ,
, .
,
3D .
, ,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

299

3D .

3D .
,
.

3D ,
. ,
(. 3.5.1),
3D , (.
3.5.2), .
,
. ,
, , .
2D ,
.
, ,
2D ,
.
:
,
, ,
.

3.2.3.1
,
.
.
,

, ..: , , .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

300




-

.
,
-
.



, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

301
, , ,
, .


, ,
.

, .
,
, .
,
.
:

: , .
g=.
Z .

Z .

: , .
s=.
Z ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

302

: , .
p=.
.

Z .

: , , .
, , , .
h=,
Z =,
.
,
.

, h=,
Z ,
, .
,
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

303

- OFF

- ON

: , , .
h= Z
=,
=
.
,
, . ,
,
, .

, h=, Z
, ,
.
, .

Rankine .

, : , ,
.
, - ,
,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

304
,
, .
,
, (w=),
(=)
. ,
,
,
( , .
.


. , ,
, ,
.
, ,
.
.



. , ..
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

305
,
.
, ,
, ,
,
.



,

.


,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

306
,

: i x () .

, ,

0 o
180,
. x ()
,
,

x().

,
,
.

0,
180.

i
y ().
, ,

0 o
90,
. y ()
,
,
.

: h
i y (h). h
Z ,
y(h)
.
,

. ,
,
,
.

,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

307


,
, (.
3.1.12.6).

3.2.4


. ,
,
, .. .

. . (/.///<>):
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

308
, ,
,

.
,
,
, .

,

, ,
, , ,
, ,
.

. ,
, .


.
, (p1=)
(p2=), .
,
, edit box- p1= ,
edit box- p2=.


. ,
default- Z , ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

309



,
.
.

. .

, 2D ,
. ,
X, Y i Z,
.
,
, X . Y
X, , ,
2D , Z
2D .
, , X
, Y
.
.

. ,
X, Y i Z,
.

. ,
,
.
,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

310
:
:
,
, u edit box- X=, Y= i Z=
.




,
.


.
, 2D , ..
2D
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

311

2D ,
2D
,
2D .
,
.

3D ,
, 2D
.
2D , ,
,
.


2D


2D

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

312
:
, , ,
.

3.2.5


,
,
, .. .

(//<>):
, ..
,
.



,
, ,
.

3D ,
, 2D
.
2D , ,
, ,
.

. ,
.

2D .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

313

2D .

2D .


2D .

2D .
:
, , ,
.

3.2.6

,
.
.
<0.> ( / / / / /
/ <>):

, .. . ,
, .




, , ..
. :

u1
u2
u3
1
2
3

1
2
3
1
2
3

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

314
,

, .. .
,
, .. , ,
, ,
.

3D , ,
, .. ,
2D
, , .. , ,
, 2D ,
,
, .
,
2D .
,
2D .
, ,
, 2D
.
:
, , .

3.2.7


, .. . ,
,
,
.. .
. (/.///<>:
,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

315


, ..

to-

..

dt-


(
)

.. ,
t, , .. ,
.
:

. , ,
. .. ,

.. (. 3.3.5).

3.2.8

. ,
.
:
<0.> . ( / / / /
/ / <>):
,
. , ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

316




, ,
.

to- ..

dt2-
2

dt3-
3

, ,

t, , ,
, ,
.
:
, ,
, . , ,
. ..
, ,
- (. 3.3.5).

3.2.9




.
.
.
(
)
- .
:

<0 .> ( / / / / /
/ <> ):
,
( )
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

317

,
:


,
,
.
, .
,

.




.
(5 ) .
( I),
, ( II).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

318

II
, II
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

319

N1 II

3 II


.
, ,
.
.

3.2.10
,
,
.
(/.///<>:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

320
,

.



,
, .
edit box- L=,
.
, ,
, ,
.
: ,
. .

2.4.4.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

321
,
.

:
P-

X1 -


1, .

Y1 -


3, , .

, , .
,
.
,
(. :3.1.4.).
,
... (. 3.3.2)

, .. , ..
.
default- Z
. edit box-a X=, Y= i Z=
,
edit box-,
. ,

, .
:
:
, edit box-a X=, Y= i
Z= . , edit
box-a ,
. , ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

322
.

,

,
. ,
:
p-

X1 -


, 1 ,
.

Y1 -


, 3 ,
.

X2 -


, 1 ,
.

Y2 -


, 3 ,
.

,
, ,
. , default-
Z ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

323
.

,

,
.
, :
q-

X1 - ,
, 1 ,
.
Y1 - ,
, 3 ,
.
X2 - ,
, 1 ,
.
Y2 - ,
, 3 ,
.

.

,
. , ,
,
. ,
1,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

324



,
,
3D
.

,
,
.



,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

325

, ,
. ,

.
, ,

.

, .
,
,
.

x ,
.
,
. ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

326


, ,

, ,
.
,
:
( / / / / /
/ <>):

,
.
,
,
. :
(<>):
,
.
, ,
, . ..
,
.
,
. ,
2D
.

,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

327



edit box- ,
( ,
.. ),
.

:


:
,
,
. ,
- ,
. ,
, ,
.
:
, - ,
, ,
, (. 3.3.5).
, ,
.

, ,
, .
, ,
. ,
,
, .
, .
,
, ,
, , .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

328
, ,
.
,
, ,
. ,
, ,
.
, , ,
,
, ,
.

, ,
.
.
,
.


,

,
.

, , .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

329

,

Mz= -43.94 KNm

,

Mz= 31.4 KNm
,
. ,
,
, ,

. ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

330


,
.
, ..
. , ,
, ,
,
, .
L= 1 m,
30 m, 30
.
.



, 30 + 1 =
31. ,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

331

,

, 30 + 3 =
33. .

,

, 30 + 30 =
60. ,
.
, ,
, ,
.

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

332
, , ,
,
, .
.

3.2.11
,
, .

,


,
, .
, . ,
, . , ,
, .. .
,
,
. ,
, :
<0 .> (<>):
,
.
:
, OSNAP
,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

333


M3,

- ,
,
, , .
<0 .> (<>):
,
.


R3,

, .. ,
, ,
(. 3.3.5).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

334
, -
, - ,
, ,
.
, ,
.
,
,
.

3.2.12
, ,
: , .
.
,
,
.
, - ,

.
,
.
, ,
.
. . (/.///<>):

,
. ,
,
,
, .. .

, (.
3.1.4). , 1
, 2 1,
, 3
, 1 i 2.
,
" ... (. 3.3.2).
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

335



, ,
, .
2,
, .
, ,
,
,
, .


,
S i E,
. dL,
,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

336
1. e2
1, 2.
,
, . ,
.

i
.

, ,

,
,
.

,
,
.

, ,
,
edit box-: dL=.

, edit box- dL=
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

337
( 0.1, ,
10 ,
9 ) .
,
,
:

,
:

,
, .
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

338
,

.
N=,
, e3,p= e3,k=
3.
e3,p = 3
.

.
, ,
,

.
edit box- , ,
.
=

ln=

Es=

As=

, ,
,
. 3.2.11.2,
.
,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

339

,

, default- ,
,
, .
:
,
1 ,
.
.
, ,
. ,
3,
, .
,
.

3.2.12.1

,
, ,
. ,
( ),
.
:
<0 .> (//<>/):
, ,
, .
, ,
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

340

,
,

,
|>.

,
,
. ,
||.

,
,

. ,
.
, , , ,
, select box
,
.
, ,
.
, (.
3.1.5.), ,
, .

3.2.12.2


.
, :
<0 .> (/<krAl>):
,
, ,
.


, (,
). ,
,
,
.
, ,
, , .
,
.
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

341




. ,
,
.

:

:
N,x
N
,x
l,x

,
. ,
,
.

:
le
ln
Es
As
N
-

,


,



Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

342
,le le
,
le,
.

:
Ne
N
le

.

,


,le le
,

,
,
,
.
,
,
, .
, ,
,
.
,
.

3.2.13

.

.
<0 .> (//////<>):
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

343

,
.
.
,
.

3.2.14

,
.
(, , ,
..),

.

.



,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

344



,

.
<0 .> ( / / / / /
/ <>):

,
.
<0 .> (//////<>):
,
,
.
X .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

345



,

.
, ,

.



,
,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

346
, ,
.. .
,

. ,
, ,
.



.
.
, .
, , ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

347
,
. ,
,
,
.
,
.
:
Tower , -
.
. .
,
, -
.

3.3

3.3.1


,
Korekcija,
.
,
.

<0 .> ( / / / / /
/ <>):
, ,
.
,
.
: , , ,
.. ,
, .
, , ,
,
. ,
, - .
.
, .
.
, , .
,
, , ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

348


.
, , ,
. ,
, , ,
, .


, , edit box- .
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

349
, ,
,
,
. ,
.
,
, .
,
.

,

, ,
, , .
,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

350
,
. ,
: , i (. 3.4).
layer, ,
, :
, layer, , ..
,
.
, ,
, ,
. ,
, ,
(. 2.12.2). ,
, -
,
.

3.3.2


( ...)

default-
,
..., ,
. , .
<0 .> ... ( / / / / /
/<>):
,
: , ,
. ,
,
2.


1 i 2,

... ( 2/<>):
1 ,
,
,
,
2. 3 ,
.
,
1 i 3,
2, .
... ( 3/<>):
, , 1 i 3.
,
. , .
, ,
, .

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

351

1 i 2 ,
X-Z.
,
1 i 2 Y-Z,
3 ,
, . ,
, 3
, .

1, 3 ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

352

1, 3 ,

1, 3 ,
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

353

1, 3 ,
,
, 2, .. 3,
, 1,
.
, 1 ,
,
.


. , , ,
, ,
.
, ,
, . ,

, ,
(
, 1 i 2).
:
, ,
,
. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

354

3.3.3



,
...
.
.

<0 .> ... ( / / / / /


/ <>):
,
3.
... ( 3 / / <>):
, ,
.
3 ,
.
2, 1,
.
(, 3)
.
3 .


3
() ,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

355



. ,
3 .
.
3,
3.
... ( 2-3 / <>):
2-3 ,
2 3.
,
1 3.
... ( 1-3 / <>):
, - , ..
.

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

356

... ,
2 ,
3

3.3.4


, ..
.
, , ,
3D .
,
(. ..) ,
.

3D , ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

357
.
< > / ( //<>):

, , ,
, .


,
,
, .
( )
. ,
.
.


,

. ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

358

color box-a,

, ,
,
.



,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

359


.
.
,
.




,
, .

.

, edit box- ,
, .
, ,
- .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

360

-
.
, ,
, , ,
, . ,
Default, .

, .

,
, ,
.


,
,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

361
,
, , check box,
.

Check box-,

,
..
.
, ,
.

,
: 2, i 4

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

362

, .. -
,
. ,
, :
<0 .> ( / / / / /
/ <>):
,
(. 3.3.1). ,

" ",
.
2


2D .
,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

363

3.3.5

,
,
. ,
,
, , ,
. -
,
, , . -
.
, .


, .. ,
, (, ).
, ,
. ,

, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

364

,
, ,
,
.
,
,
. ,
, .
,
:

/ -

, ..
, , .

, ..
.


, ..
, ,
. ,
,
.
,
, . ,
,
.
,
,

. ,
.
,
. ,

,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

365

, ,
.
. -

, ..
.

, .. .

. -

, .. .

, .. .

,
. ,
, ,
, . ,
, ,
.


,
, .. .
: , ,
, .
,
3D.
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

366

,

.
,
, .
, ,
, .
,
, .

,
, .
,
. , ..
( ),
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

367
,
. ,
.
, , ,
,
. ,
,
, :
. -

. -

,
.

,
.

(),

().

. -

,
.. .

. -

.
, ,

. ,
,
.

,
.. .
,

.

,
. , ,
,
.

. ,

, ,
. ,
,
, .
,
, . ,
,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

368

,
, .
, ,
,
. ,

(), .

,

.

(//).
,

.

,
.


, ,
, ,
. , ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

369
, ,
.



, ,
,
. , ,
.
, , ,
,
.


,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

370
:

. ,
, ,
. ,

, .. .

3.3.6

, ,
, ,
. ,
, ,
, . , ,
,
, .
, ,
, .

edit box-
. ,
,
. ,
, .. . ,
, , 0.5 m,
=0.5.
,
, ..
, , .. ,
( 0,
, , ..
).
, ,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

371

, ,
.

, ,
, , .. ,
.

, ,

, , .. ,
. ,
, , . ,
, :
- ,
, .. .
- , ,
,
. , ,
, .. .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

372

- , , -

( ,
).

, ,
. ,
, ,
, .
, , .
, :
- ,
, . ,
, ,
.
- .
,
.
- ,
, 3D
, .. 3D . ,
,
. , ,
, , , .
,
, - .


. ,
,
, .
, ,
, .
2D

2D
,
.

, , ,

2D

3D
,
.

, ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

373

,
.
,

, ,
,
. ,
,

.

,
,
. ,

,
.

, 2D ,
2D, za 3D ,
, ,
, , ,
. , , 2D
, , ,

2D .
,
,
. ,
.
, ,
. ,
, , . ,
, ,
.
.
, , -
, . ,
, , .
,
, . ,
.

,
,
. ,
, , .
- (<>):
,
, .
, ,
.
, .
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

374

, , ,
.

, ,

, , .
,
. ,
,
.

,
, , ,
, .
, ,
(. 2.11.7), ,

.
, , ,
(. 2.14.8), 2D
, .

,
,
.
: 2D i
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

375

, , ,
, ,
. ,
,
.
,
, .
, ,
,
, .
, ..
.
,
, .
, ,
, . ,
,
.

,
,
.
.
:

. ,
,
,

. ,
, .
. , ,

:
, (
), ,
. ,
, .
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

376

3.3.7


( ) .


.



.
.
,
.
<0 .> ( / <>):
.
:
:

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

377

3.4

,
, ,
. ,
. , ,
, . ,
, 2D , ,
. , ,
,
(. 3.1.12).
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

378
, ,
, . ,
,
2D ,
.

2D
,
,

.

3.4.1

2.5
. OSNAP (.
2.5.5). ,
- ,
,
.
,
.
, , ,
,
,
.
,
, ( 0,0,0,
.
( / / / / /
/ <>/ ):

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

379
, ,
. .
, ,
.

,
.

.
.

2D , , . ,
.
,

. , 2D , (
- ), X Y ,
, -
. .

X Y ,
2D ,
, 2D , - ,

X Y ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

380

2D ,
,
X .

2D ,
,
Y .
Z
, 2D . ,
, ,
, X
Z .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

381

X 2D , ,
.
, ,
, ,

.
,
2D , , ,
, ,
.
Y 2D
- ,
.

Y ,
2D , ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

382
, ,

. ,
, ,

.

3.4.1.1
, ,
, ,
, . ,
, . ,
,
.
, 0 n, X,
Y (
). 0,
( 0,0).
, .
,
3.4.1.5
,
:
OSNAP
. X Y-
.
,
,
.

, .. X Y
( Y )
( X ). : 5.5, ,
, Y- , ,
5.5 . , X-
, 5.5
.
.
,
.
,
, .
:
(<>):
select-box-,
, . ,
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

383
, ,
@.
: @5.5, , Y-,
, 5,5, .
X-, , 5.5
.
. , ,
, , .
* . : 4*3.5,
, .. ,
: 3.5, 7.0, 10.5 i 14.
.
, ,
,
. , 10
, @3*2.2,
,
: 12.2, 14.4 i 16.6.

3.4.1.2
, ,
. , ,
( X Y).
, select box-a,
:
<0 .> (<>):

, , .
, , .
,
. select box ,
,
,
:
:_
, ,
, . ,
, ,
. ,
, , :
<0 .> (<>): 2
2 ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

384

3.4.1.3
,
,
. ,

, ,
.
,
:
(<>):_

( )
, . ,
, , ,
,
:
<6.74>:


,
. ,
, ,
.

3.4.1.4
,
. ,
, ,
.
, ,
, :
(<>):_
,
, select-box .
.
,
(n ).
(<>):_

( , , ..)

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

385

3.4.1.5
,
:
(/< >):

. :
n: 1
n , 1
.
Enter,
.
.

:



Y
Z - YOZ .

YOZ
.
Y ,
YOZ .
Z ,
YOZ
X .
XOZ XOY YOZ .

. .
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

386

YOZ
XOZ


.
XOY ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

387

XOY
check box

. check box ,
.

3.4.1.6

.


.
, ,
.
2D .

3.4.2

layer-

,
.
layer-a .

dijalog box-a layer-a

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

388
layer ()
, . layer-,
, layer-
, .
layer-a ,
, .
, ,
, layer-,
. , ,
layer-a, .
,
.
,
layer- ,
. ,
layer- (. 3.5.1).
,
, , layer-
, .. .
layer- , .

3.4.3


,
,
.

2.6,
. , layer-.
,
.
:
, ,
. ,
. ,
2D 3D ,
.

3.4.4



.
:

. ( <2 mm>/ <0>/ <>//<>):_


.
, .. ,
.
. ,
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

389
:_

. , DRAG ,
.
Enter,
, layer- (
,
layer),
.
, ,
, ,
.
.
, ,
.
. ( <2 mm>/ <0>/ <>//<>):_

, .

,
.


,
. , ,
Windows-a.
edit box-: i

. ,
.
,
3.5.2,
. , .
: B , I i _ ,
: bold, italic underline .
, ,
. ,
, .
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

390



. :
<0>:
(
,
). , ,
,
, . ,
.
:

.


.
.
, .
, .
, ,
. ,
, .
, :
(< >//):_
(
0,
).
, ,
,
( ).
( / /<>):_
,
,
.

3.4.5

, Tower
, -
, .

,
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

391
(//<>/):
,
. ,
, .
<0 .> (////<>:
2.5.
, ,
.
( / /
/ / ):
, , ,
, : , ,
(
).
default-, ,
,
: , , .
,
, ,
. DRAG ,
.. , .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

392

,

,
, .. .
, DRAG , ,
, , ..
. ,
.
( / / /
/ ):
, DRAG ,

. ,
. ,
.
, ,
, .
(<0> / / / /
/ ):
(
) ,
:
:_
, ,
.
:_

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

393
, , ,
,
.
:
, ,
(. 3.5.1).

3.4.6

(/, / )
- .
. ,
,
.
.
, .

. Z, Y X . ,
, ,
Z ,

Y ,
X .
, ,
,
.
.
.

3.4.6.1

,
:
<0 .> - ( / / / /
/ <> / / ):
,
.
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

394




.

.
,
.

. 0 , ,

.

.

,

. (*n), .

, .

.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

395




.
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

396




, ,
.
<0 .> - ( / / / /
/ <> / / ):
,
. , ,
(
, .).

.

3.4.6.2

.
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

397


. , Z
Z . :
.
/ ,
.

:
- /

- /



.
. ,
- 101
3 . .,
104. ,
.
.,
/ .

:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

398




,
,
.
,
( ),
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

399
,
.

,
.
:

,
.
- .
,
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

400

.

3.5

,

( )

, ,
.
, .

3.5.1

,
, ,
, ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

401


,
(. 2.4.4).
,
.
, ,
.
,
, , Tower
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

402


, ,
. ,
, ,
.

edit box- .
, ,
.

,
,
.
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

403

- .
, ,
, ,
. ,
, , ,
.
,
. , ,
, ,
. ,
,
.
,
,
.
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

404
, Tower.$dis.

.
Tower
.
,
*.
, ,
,
, , .


, ,
, ,
.

,


,


, ,
. , , ,
.

.
, ,

. , - ,
- , .
, ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

405

, .
,
, .
,
.

,
pixel-,
edit box-.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

406

Edti box
, pixel-,
edit box.

Edti box

, ,
, , .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

407



, ..
, . ,
pixel-, .
, ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

408


.

check box .
.
,
. ,
.
, , ,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

409

, .
, ,
. ,
,
( ).
, , ,
.

3.5.2

,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

410


- ,
(. 2.4.4.).
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

411
, ,
. ,
: , .
, ft (stope),
kN. ,
. , ,
.
, ,
, (m, Kn, Celsius),

. ,
.

,

,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

412


,
, .
, .
m [cm, mm],
,
. cm [mm],
,
.
,
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

413



. ,
, .
, .
, .
,
.
, ,
.

, , ,
, .
, ,
,
. ,
, .
, , ,
.
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

414
3

3-
: ,
. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

415


, ,
,
, .
,
. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

416
ArmCAD


ArmCAD.

ArmCAD (. 9.3.8 9.4.6).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

417

( *.twp),
( *.twp_d).

.

,
- , .
,
,
.



.

.
:




. 10 .
.
. 10 ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

418
.
, .
,
.
, .
,
.
,
:


.

.
,
(, ).
.

.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

419

.
,
,
, .


,
, .
,
1:1. , ,
1 m. ,

. , ,
- . ,
.
, i , ,
,
.. ,
, ( ,
, ..).
,
edit box-a, ,
edit box- .
,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

420
,
, ,
.
,
, combo box,
(. 3.5.3),
. , ,
.


,
,
(), 3D ,
3D , ,
. ,
, ,
default .
check box-a ,
3D ,
,
. , check box ,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

421

- OFF

- ON

, ,
, .


,
(, ..),
.
,
, . ,
,
.
, check box-a .
,
.
,
. -,
, check box .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

422

,
:

,


3D 3D

. ,

- .


.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

423

.
7.1.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

424

,
. ,
.

3.5.3

.
:




,
. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

425



.

.



, ,
()
().

,
.
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

426
, ,
:


, ,
()
().

,



( ).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

427


,
/ .

,
.
, ,
.


, ,
, , ,
( )
, .. , combo box
.
,
.
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

428

,
.
,
.

3.5.4


,

. ,
.



. ,
. ,
, .
,
.

Tab
: .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

429

Ctrl+S



.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

430

Ctrl Shift. ,
.

,
Ctrl. ,
.


.
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

431

3.6

(), ,
. , ,
, , ,
. ,
,
-. ,
, -
: , , .
,
, ,
, .
, , ()
.
, ,
. ,
:
*.TWP -

()
,
. .

*TWP_M -
. .

*TWP_0 - ,
.
*TWP_D - ,
. .

3.6.1

()

, -
, ,
. ,
, ,
, - .
, ,
.

,
,
, . ,
, - ,
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

432
-

, ,

,
( *.TWP_O ).
,
,
.

, .. .


, ,
.
,
,
-. ,
- , ,
,
,
.

3.6.2

()

,
. ,
, , ,
, ,
. :


, :,
, Tower
(*.twp), . Tower
, :
, Tower
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

433
, ,
, , , ,
, , ,
(. 3.6.8). , ,
, ,
, ,
.
,
.
.

, - ,
, Tower Planet,
,
:, , : *.twr ili *.plw.
, ,
, , ..
.
,
, ,
.

, , ,
. . *.twp
ili .
, ,
, ,
,
, 1E-04,
1E-07. , ,
, ,
.
:
, . ,

.
, .

3.6.3

()

, ,
, ,
. ,
, , ,
, ,
, 3.6.1.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

434
:
,
, -
.

3.6.4


( )

,
,
.
,
.
,
.

edit box- ,
.
, ,
, ..
.
, ,
*.twp_o, . ,
*.twp.
,
:

Yes, ,
, , ..
, No
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

435

3.6.5

,
. ,
,
(. 2.11.4).


, , .
, ,
,
. ,
,
. ,

, .
(. /<0, 0, 0>):
, ,
, . ,
, ,
.
,
.
, . ,
. , ,

.
. ( /<0, 0, 0>):
, ,
, , ,
, ,
. ,
. (. 2.5.4).
, , ,
,
, , .. . ,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

436
, , ..
, .
,
, ,
, X
.
X (< X >):
, ,
X , X
.

, ,
,
, X i Y .
XOY (< XOY >):
, , ,
XOY , XOY .
, ,
,
.




(. 2.11.4), .
,
- . ,

, , -

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

437
. , AutoCAD-
.

3.6.6

AutoCAD-a (DXF )

Tower,
, AutoCAD
( ). ,
. DXF
,
, .
, ,
DXF :
,
(Layer-),
, .. Tower

, AutoCAD-
Tower (
X ).
AutoCAD-
, DXF,
(0,0,0),
Tower-.
DXF
, AutoCAD- ,
.
,
, (, ..).
DXF , ,
,
.

DXF
,
*.DXF. DXF
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

438

layer-a, ..
layera-a
, , layer , .
, layer- .
layer- DXF , - ,
layer- , .
, ,
, ,
layera-a.


.
, - ,
layer-a: , , ,
, , layer 1, layer 2, layer 3 Layer 4.
, layer-a, , .
layer-a,
. ,

, DXF (, ,
..).
layer-
. ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

439



, layer-. ,
, , ,
.
OK ,
DXF . ,
layer-.
DXF - Tower- ,
.
,

. ,
.

DXF

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

440

3.6.7

DXF (DXF )

DXF
. -
(. AutoCAD).
:

DXF
, .
Windows
, .

.
,
. .
PLATE, BEAM, .
AREASUPPORT, LINEARSUPPORT POINTSUPPORT.
,
PLATEMESH AREASUPPORTMESH,
.

3.6.8

,
, *.twp,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

441
, edit box-
, , ,
. ,
. ,
, 1E-04,
,
, .

3.6.9


Alt i F4.
, ,
, (*.twp),
,
3.6.1.

3.7

,
,
, .
,
. .
,
,
, , .
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

442

4.

4.1

. ,

. ,
.
:
-
-
- ().


.
, ..
. ,
, .
,
.
-
..
.
.
, ,
. , - :
,
..
. ,
..
.
,
.

, .
(
).
, ,

( ).
,
.
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

443
,
. ,
.

4.2


,

( .. ). ,

.

,
..
(. 3.3.5).
,
, ,
.


.
, ,

.

,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

444
.
,
.
.
edit box-, .
edit box-,
,
.
Default edit box-
. ,
,
(300000). , 300000
.
.. . ,
300000
.
Default .

1
, ,
, default-. 1
( )
default .. .
, ,

. , ,
300000 , - 250000
. ,
.
..
, check box-a
,
.
,
, ,
.
,
- .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

445
.
,
.

, ,
.


,
.
,

.
.
,

.
,
0.5 - 1.0 .
, 50000
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

446

4.3

, ,
.. ,
.
.

, ,
(. 3.3.6).
, : 2D
, 3D .
.
3D ,
.

, ,
.

3D

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

447
,
.
, 3D ,
.

: 18.00m

.
2D .

2D ,
.
:
,
,
. , ,
. 10 20
.

4.4

,
, , .

. ,
.
,
:
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

448


,
180, .


( ),
,
(
).
,

.

4.5

,
, ,
.
,
, .

4.5.1

,
. ,
, , ,
. ,
,
, ,
. ,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

449
,
.

.
.
, ,
.
:


.
.

:

,

.
(/.//<>):

(. 2.6). ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

450

,
, (
- ),
.
:
, .

,
.
..
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

451
:
.
.
,
,
.
.

4.5.2


,
.
, ,
,
, .
(/.//<>/ <1>):
<1>,
() .
, , ,
. 1-5 ..
.
,
. ,
. ,
, (
).

1
,
, .
,
, ()
.
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

452

, ,
, , .

:
,
, .
, .
,
,
. ,
,

. , ,
. ,
,
.

4.5.3

,
,
() (.
4.4). , .
(<>):
select box- .
,
. ,
, .
(<>):
, DRAG mod-
,
.
, ,
.

4.6


( )


,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

453



edit box- :, ,
,

.
( ),
. , ,

. ,
..
.
,
defult- .
- , ,
,
I- .
, , II-
,
.

II- . ,
,

(. 6.1). ,
.
, ,
.
, , ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

454

, ,
. ,

.
- I- ,
.
- , ,
, ,
, .
, ,
,
.
- ,
. ,
, .

,
.
.. .
- II-

.
:
,
,
,
.
,
.

4.7


, ,

.

. ., ,
..
.
2.. .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

455

5.
,

.





II- ,

II-
,
,
.
,
. ,
.


X ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

456



, list
box-
.
.. 9. 9
.

,

list box-, .
: N,cr = N, + N,,

, .
,
.. . 9
,
.. .
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

457

(
..
I-, .. II ).

, ,
,

,
..
.
, .

-a, edit box-a


, ,
.

,
, , ,
,
.

..
. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

458
,

.


,
. .




.
,
.
,
,
.
, ,
..
. ,

N,cr,
. :

= l0/l = /l (EI/N,cr)1/2
N,cr = N,. + N,.
:
lo lEI N,cr N,. N,


du`ina izvijanja grede




Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

459
-



,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

460

6.
6.1


.
.
,

.
, (,
,
).
, ,

.
,

.
, ,
, ,
.

,
.
, ,
,
, ..

(. 3.3.5). ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

461
, ,
,
.
,
,
, ( 4.6) .
, .

.
, , ,
. ,

.
,
. ,
b/d=40/40 , 10 .
, ,
, . ,
50% ,
. ,
,
.

- OFF

- ON

,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

462



. .
,
.

(: 100% , 100%
50% ).
, -
.
X, Y Z

. , Z
, ;
X Y ,
.
,
128 ( ).

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

463



:
-

-
.
.
Tower 5

-
( )
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

464


0.00
, (,
) . .

().

(
)
.
-

-

. 1.00 0.001,
1.0 ,
0,001 1000 .

- .

-

. 1.0 0.001,
1.0 ,
0,001 2 3,
1000 .
-
.



. 1.0 0.001,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

465
-



. 1.0
0.001.

-

. 1.0 0.001,
.

-
.



. ( )
(n) (d).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

466



,
, .

,

.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

467


:
,
, .
, . ,
,
. ,
, ,
,
,
. ,
, .
,
.

:
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

468

6.2

, ,
.
,
.




, ,
, .

1.1,
.
,
, - ,
, ,
. ,
.


. ,
, , ,
- .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

469

6.3


, .
, .


.
..
.
, ,
, .

6.4

..
.
, 3D
.


,
.. .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

470

6.5

,
AVI
.



. ( ),
, (. 3.5.2).
,

AVI , ,
Tower, Windows
Media Player.

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

471

6.6

()

,
.
,
.



, ,
.
<0 .> (/////<>):
,
,
.

, , ,
.
, ,
( ).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

472

dijalog box-a
(.
2.11.1). , ,
, ,
.

,
.
,
, Z
, ,
.
. ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

473
,
.



, deafult-
, .
,

. ,
,

.
,
,
.
,
. ,
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

474


.
(
),
.
.

, (
)

,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

475



,
.
(
) .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

476




.
0, .

.
0, .

.

, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

477

7.
7.1
, ,
, . ,
..
. ,
,
, ,
( ). ,
, -, ,
.
,
, , .
, , ,
, ,
.
, ,
RAM .
1.1 .
Tower (). ,

Tower 5. in-core ,
. In-core ,
. ,
. out-of-core . Out-of-core ,
,
() ,
.
, in-core , -
, .

, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

478



,
, .
40000 ,
40000 .

.

. :

-


()

-
, ,
,
.
,
,
- . ,
.
(Windows)
. ()
Windows. ,
( , )

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

479

.

,
- .
, ,
, ,
.

,
.
, ,
,
, ..

(. 3.3.5). ,
,
.


, ,
,
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

480


.

.
, .
, ,
.

,
.
,
(*.TWP_O),
.
:
,
, .
, .
, ,
. ,
, ,
,
,
. ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

481

7.2

, ,
.
,
.




, ,
, .

1.1,
.
,
, - ,
, ,
. ,
.
:
1.

,
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

482

(X, Y, Z, X, Y Z).

;
X

.
.
2.
, ,
,
.
,
.

, , 5-6
.
90 .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

483

(Y),
(Z) (Y)

.

7.3

,
, ,
.


,
, .
I II .
()
. ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

484

7.3.1

I
,
.

7.3.2

II

II . ,
I , ,
,
. , ,
II .
- , II
,
, . , , ,
, ,
, .
II ,
.
, ,


(. 4.6), ,
.

.
, ,
. ,
II .
,
II .
, II
, II
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

485

7.3.3

-
(, ),
:




.
II ,
I , ,
II .
.
,
.
.
:
-

-
, , .


,
. 0.05 ,
() 20 ( 5%
). .

-
(
,
, ,
).
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

486
-
(
, ,
, ).
.

7.3.4


.
.
,
,

. ,
,
. , ,
.

.
,
, , ,
..
.

.
, ,

. ,
, ,
. ,
, ,
. ,

.
,
.
, , , -
. -, ,
,
.

,
,
, .
, ,
(. 6). ,
,
, ,
.
.
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

487


, n
, n

.
,
, .

- CQC
SRSS.
CQC
(Complete Quadratic Combination)
SRSS (Square Root of the Sum
of the Squares).
:

F=

f
n

nm m

f n n

nm =

nm

CQC :

8 2 (1 + r )r 3 / 2
(1 r 2 ) 2 + 4 2 r (1 + r ) 2

r = n / m 1.0,

- .

= 0 , nm

1.0
SRSS .

F=

2
n

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

488

check box-a
,
.
,
,
.
,
, .
, ,
,
.


(EUROCODE, , SIA262, )

.
.

(SIA)


, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

489



6. .
,
. , ,
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

490

7.3.4.1 EUROCODE
EUROCOD-,
,
. ,
.

EuroCod-
, ,
, , .., ,
.
Eurocode 8 EN 1998-1 :

,
Se(T)

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

491
T

ag

TB

Tc

TD


1.0 5%

:
.

(TB,TC,TD)

Eurocode 8 EN 1998-1 : 1 2
,,, .
.
.
Eurocode 8 EN 1998-1 , ..:
A


5 ;
, ,

;
,
;
( )
5-
20- , .


Eurocode 8 EN 1998-1 , ..:
I
II
III
IV


, ..: , ,
.. ( = 1.4)

, .. , , ...
( = 1.2)

( = 1.0)
, ..
.. ( = 0.8)

:
.

,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

492
Eurocode 8 EN 1998-1 :

,
q ;
, 0.2

..
:

q = q0 x kD x kR x kW 1.5
:
q0
kD
kR
kW

(q0) :
-

=> q0=5.0
=> q0=5.0
, => q0=5.0
, => q0=4.5
=> q0=5.0
=> q0=4.0
=> q0=3.5
=> q0=2.0

(kD)
:
kD = 1,00 DC H
kD = 0,75 DC M
kD = 0,50 DC L
(kR)
:
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

493
kR = 1,00
kR = 0,80

(kW) :
kW = 1,00

kW = 1 / (2,5 - 0,5 a0) 1 ,


(a0 e

)
ag/g
ag/g
. , (Ks)
.
:
.
0.2, .

( 1 2)
S, Tb(S), Tc(S) Td(S)
(,,,,),
.
4-
.
, ,

.

- .
(CQC)
CQC
. 0, CQC SRSS
.


,
(
). ,
kx, ky kz,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

494

7.3.4.2 ()

.


()
, ,
K1 K,
.
, ,
. Sik
, k, i-
, :
Sik=K1 x Soik
K1 -

Soik -

i-
,
.

K1 :


.

,

, :
-
-
-
-
-

K1
K1=1.00

K1=0.22
K1=0.25
K1=0.22
K1=0.35
K1=0.25
K1=0.35

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

495

, , ,
,
.

K1=0.12

i-
:
Soik = A x i x ik x K x Gk
A :
VII => A = 0.10
VIII => A = 0.20
IX
=> A = 0.40
(i) i-
,
:
I II :
Ti <=0,1 sec =>
0,1 sec < Ti < 0,4 sec =>
Ti >= 0,4 sec =>

i = 1+15Ti
i = 2,5
i = 2,5(0,4/ Ti)0,5

III :
Ti <= 0,1 sec =>
0,1 sec < Ti < 0,8 sec =>
Ti >= 0,8 sec =>

i = 1 + 15 Ti
i = 2,5
i = 2,5(0,8/ Ti)0,5

Ti - i- .
, i 0.8
(ik)
:

: Xi(Xk) Xi(Xj) i-
k j, Qj j.
K :

1. (, ,
, .).
,
0.25 .
2. ,
.
3. , .. 1 2,
.

K
K=1.50
K=1.30
K=1.00

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

496
(CQC)
CQC
. 0, CQC SRSS
.

, ,
,
: Kx, Ky Kz, .
Kx X
Ky - Y
Kz - Z
, , ,
,
.

7.3.4.3 (SIA)

, .
, .


(SIA)
:
S = Ck x Sk(T) x G
, ,
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

497
,
.
Ck Ck = 0.65 / K,
K .


I
K = 2.5
K = 2.0
K = 1.7
K = 1.2

1
2
3
4
5
6
7


II
K = 2.0
K = 1.7
K = 1.4
K = 1.1
K = 2.5
K = 2.2
K = 1.0


III
K = 1.4
K = 1.3
K = 1.2
K = 1.0
K = 1.5
K = 1.4
K = 1.0

II

III

-

-
-

-

-

-

-

-

-
-

-
-


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

/
/ ,


- (, )

,
.

-

1
2
3a
3b

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

498


-
-


Sk(T)
.

:

Si = S x (Gi x Hi) / (Gi x Hi)


:
Si
Gi
Hi

- i-
- i-
- i-

edit box- Zd=


( default-
).
, .

, ,
(
). ,
() ( 0
X ), T
,
.
, ,
T,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

499

T

,
T. ,

, ,
,
( ).
,
.
,
T. .
.
,
,

. , , , ,
.
, , ,
,
, .
, ,
, .
, ,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

500


, , ,
. . ,

. , ,
.
, .

7.3.4.4

,
.
, .
.

,

, ,
,
: Kx, Ky Kz, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

501
Kx X
Ky - Y
Kz - Z
,
- .



,
.
.
, ,
. check box-a
.. check box-a
,
.
, .
( m/s2)
,
( T (s).
.. ,
. ,

, .
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

502



edit box- K=, ,
.
,
, ..
(CQC)
CQC
. 0, CQC SRSS
.
, , ,
,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

503

8.

8.1



.
, ,
... .. ,
,
.
2D . 2D ,

(, , ),
.
, .
.
,
. ,
(Mx , M3 ..)

.
,
.


:
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

504
. , , Mx,
- .



, ,
.

.
,
.
, 3D ,
3D .
..
( 9), ,
, .

,
3D
3D
2D
3D (. 2.13.7).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

505

2D

3D
Tower
3D .

3D,

, ( 3.5.2 ).

3D

, ,
(. 2.10.2).

: , , ,
..

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

506

,

,
,
(. 2.10.1).

5 ,

2. ,
. ,
. , ,
(. 2.11).
, ,
,
. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

507

, :
, , , , (.
2.12). ,
.
2D 3D ,
,
.

(. 2.9).
, ,
. ,
(
, ..).
.. . ,
(. 3.4).
,
,
.
,
(. 5
6). , ,
.
,
, .
, ,
,
(. 3.1.13.2).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

508

8.2

,
,
.
. , ,

.

, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

509
.
list box-a ,
.
,
.
, ,
.

8.2.1

SRSS

, SRSS
. SRSS ,
:

SRSS

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

510

SRSS .
,
. SRSS
,
.


SRSS
SRSS :

E=

Ei2

:
E ;
k ;
i .
SRSS ,

, . ,
SRSS
,
. , ,
.
SRSS



.
.


. , SRSS
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

511

SRSS

8.2.2

, ,
.
, .



, 3.2.2,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

512
,
II
.

8.2.3

,
,
.
,

.
9. 9 ,
, , .

,


,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

513






.
1,
1, 1, 2 3,
1-3. /
.
.
,

:

.
. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

514

,


.
.. ,
,
:.

, ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

515
,
.
, check box-a
, ,

.
,
,
. ,
(?),
.

,
,
.

8.3

,
, ..
.
( 9),
, , 3D ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

516

3D

,
2D . ,
2D , , 3D
(. 2.13.7).

2D ,

3D
, ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

517



,

. ,
, ,

.

AVI
.



. (

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

518
),
(. 3.5.2).
.

AVI , ,
Tower,
Media Player Windows.

.

8.4


, .
.


,
. ,
.
:
-
.
- , ,
,
.
- ,
.
, , -
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

519

8.5

-
,
, 2D
.


, .


, .


.


, ,
. Tower,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

520
,
.


( ), ,
( ).
.


. :

Mx My Mxy Nx Ny Nxy Tz,x -

Tz,y -

X
Y

X
Y

Z (
Z X )
Z (
Z Y )

X Y , Z
.
, -
,
2D
. , 2D ,
, ,
2D ,
. 2D
.. .
, Z ..
.
,
(, , ), X ,
Y .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

521



, ,
(
Z ).

1, 2, , u, 1, 2, , u, , , -

1,
2,
Nxy Mxy

1,
2,




,
,
.
1 , 2
,
:

, ,
, :

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

522

,
.
,
.

1 X
:

.
(
):

,

.

X Y Z X Y Z u1 -

X
Y
Z
X
Y
Z
X
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

523

u2 u3 r1 r2 r3 -

Y
Z
X
Y
Z


.. .


,
, ,
.
.
..:
() ,
().
.
.

()
() ,
,
. ,
.. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

524

()
2D ,
.
() , , ,
, .
.

()
2D
.
,
. ,
,
.
. ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

525
,

.

, ,
.



, X X
.

,
,
.. , .
.
, ,
,
: Max + Max -,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

526

,
,

edit box- ,
, ,
.
, 2 (
) do 20 ( ). 7 .
, ,
.
.
edit box-a,
. ,
.
,
(,
, , ..). ,
.
,
..
. ,
. ,

.
(. 2.10.2),
, ,
, .

.
, ,
,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

527
,
. ,
.

,

,
, ,
.
.



, ,
,
. , ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

528
Mx,s ,
X
Nx,s ,
X
Nx,s ,
X
Mx,n ,
X
Nx,n ,
X
Tx,n ,
X
My,s ,
Y
Ny,s ,
Y
Ny,s ,
Y
My,n ,
Y
Ny,n ,
Y
Ty,n ,
Y
My,n ,
Z
Nz,s ,
Z
Nz,s ,
Z
Mz,n ,
Z
Nz,n ,
Z
Tz,n ,
Z


.
,
, ,
.
(),
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

529

, ,
,
.

,
,
. ,
,
.
,
.
,
,
.
d,
.

, ,
, .
2D ,
, (, , , ..).
, .
. ,
,
, .


, ,
.
,
2D ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

530
,
, .


,
. ,
, ,
,
, .
,
.
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

531
,
.
,
( , ,) ,
, .

.
1, .. 2,
, ,
.

.
,
.
,
.


, .
.
,
.
, , .
,
. ,
.

(. 3.1.3). ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

532

8.5.1

()
, ,

. ,
.
.

<0 .> ( / / / / /
/ >>):
,
. ,
,
.

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

533



( ,
),
.
, ,
.

,
(
).

(
edit box- ).
edit box-, Enter Tab,
.

,
list box-.
list box-, ,
.
, ,
.
- .
( list box- )
. ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

534
,
() .
20
.
,
, ,
. , ,
,
.

( ,
, ..). ,
.
,
.
,
.

8.5.2

()

, ,

.

- ,
. , ,
. ,
,
. , ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

535
:
:

Ms Mn Mns Ns Nn -

Nns -
Ts -

Tn -

:
s, n, ns, u, s, n, ns, u, -

(
)

( )
(
)
( )
(
)

( )
(
)
( )

X Y Z X Y Z u1 u2 u3 r1 r2 r3 -

X
Y
Z
X
Y
Z
X
Y
Z
X
Y
Z


, :

, -

, .. ,

.
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

536

,

- . ,
.
(/<>:
,
, .

(/<>):
, ,
. ..
,
(, ..).
,

.
(-) <0>:
, -,
: Nn, Ns Nns.

.

,
, default 0,
.


: Ms

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

537

.

-. 0,
, ,
, .

Nn -
N=, ,
.. .
, ,
.

M=.

. ,
Nn,

.


,
, .
.
(//< >):
,
. ,
, b=
. ., Spreg M
T

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

538
,
.

Ms b=2.0


,
.
. ,
.
, ,

, .

Ns

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

539

. ,
Ns,
.
M=

Nn, .

Nn,
, -
,
. ,
, ,
.

Ns, ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

540
,
,
,
.

Nns ,


. , , Nns
( ),
.
,

.

,
, ,
.
.
,
, .

. , ,
, ..
:
, 3D ,
.. . ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

541

8.5.3



.
,
, .

<0 .> - ( / / / / /
/ <> / ):
, ,
.



,
.
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

542
,
. :
M1 M2 M12 3,1 -

1
2

3 (
3 1)
3,2 - 3 (
3 2)
N1 1
N2 2
N12 -

.
,
, .

M1
,
:
1 ( / ):
,
1, - . ,
1, .
1:
2 2 90.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

543
, 1
, .
<0>:
, ,
:
:
,
, .

1
.
,
,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

544

8.5.4


,
,
:


:
( /
<>):

:



check box
.
.

. . , ,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

545
.
2 ,
OSNAP.
2 .
:
a (/<>):

.
. ,

.

wr

, 3- ,
,
:
(/<>):

, . ,
,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

546

wr,
3-
,
.
P1 P2.
P2
P1
B

C1

C2

T1
X

T2

A
, .
(C1 C2), ( T1 T2)
.
, , .

(C1 C2). T1
T2. :
X= A B
X


,
A

B

T1 T2
C1 C2

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

547
,
.
,
, :
( /
/ <>):

, .
, ,
.

8.5.5




, ,

:

( / <>):

2 , .
,

.
,

.

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

548
,

.

, ,
:
<0 .> - ( / / / <>):


.

8.6


,
. ,
.

, 2

.


, ,
, .
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

549


( )
.
( ),
( ).

8.6.1


. ,

.
,
.
.
8.21.
, ,
,
.
<0 .> (/ //<>):
. ,
, , ,
. ,
. ,
, .
,
, ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

550

,

,
.



, check box-
, , , ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

551
:
:

N1 T2 T3 M1 M2 M3 -

1
2
3
1
2
3

u1 u2 u3 r1 r2 r3 X Y Z X Y Z -

1
2
3
1
2
3
X
Y
Z
X
Y
Z

:
,max - .

.
, - .

.
,0 .

, .
,2 2
,3 3
,23
:
,max/ = N1/A1 M2/W2 M3/W3
,0 = N1/A1
,2 = T2/A2
,3 = T3/A3
,23 = (,22 + ,32)1/2
,

,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

552

.

..


,
. ,
, ,
.
.
,
check box-a ,
. check box ,
,
. ,
,
. ,
, edit box
. ,
. ,
5 , ,
5.
,
.

,

check box-a , ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

553


,
.
check box-a ,
.. .


, . ,

.
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

554

,
, . ,
,
.



:
K

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

555
I

,
Ctrl :
Ctrl+ K

Ctrl+ L

Ctrl+ J -
Ctrl+ I -

Home ,
.
,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

556



,
,
.

I 260,

,
.

(. 4.6).

.

, .
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

557


8.21.
,
, .
-
,
.

8.6.2

, ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

558
.


.


,
.
, check
box- radio button-, ..
.
, , ,
N,, M2D T2D .
N, -


N1,
, .

.

M2D -

,
2D
. ,
(M2 M3),

2D .

T2D -

,
2D
. ,
(T2 T3),
,
2D .

,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

559

M3
,
. ,
,
. ,
(. 2.8).
<0 .> ( / / / / /
/ <>):
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

560
, -
. ,
(. 2.10.2).
.

8.6.3


,
.
, . ,
, ,
.
<0 .> , (<>):
,
. ,
.
,

.
:

.




. ,
,
. default-,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

561
edit box-:
3 i 2 .


2.
edit box-a
.


2
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

562




, edit box- .
, ,
.
,
, .



check box ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

563




, edit box ,
.
(. 8.6.1).

, .



8.21.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

564

8.6.4


()

,
,
. :
<0 .> ( / / / / /
/ <>):
,
. ,

<0 .> ( / / / / /
/ <> / <>):
,
,
.




.

( ). ,
,

.

, : Max + Max
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

565

.



,
,

.


N1
,
, ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

566



2D ,
.

. ,
, - .

.

.
.

.
(. 2.10.2), ,
.
-
,
,
..

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

567

,
20 kN

8.6.5


, ,

.

<0 .> - ( / /
/ / / / <>):

,
, :
( / / <>):

.
, ,
.
<1>:

, ,
.

,
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

568

, ,
,

.

.

8.7

()
,
.
. ,
.

, ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

569
.


.




.
. :
,
s,
R1 R2 -

( 3
)
( 3
)
1
2


, . ,

( 3). ,


.. .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

570


2D .
, , 2D
.
,

.. .

8.8


,
.

8.6,
.
. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

571
:

R1 R2 R3 M1 , -

1
2
3
1

s, -
( 2 )

(
),
R2 b=.
, = R2/b
, ,
.
,
, ,
.
, ,
.
.


.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

572

,

,
( ).

, ..


30 kN/m2

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

573

8.9


,
.


, ,
.



, , ,

. check box- ..
. :

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

574

R1 R2 R3 M1 M2 M3 r1 -

r2 r3 m1 -

1
2
3
1
2
3

1

2

3

1

, ,

.. .
,
.
,
,
, ,
.
.




,
,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

575


/
/ ,
radio buttons . radio
buttons . ,
,
.


R3

,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

576


.
.
,
,
. , ,
(-) ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

577

8.10

,
,
2D , . ,
,
2D .

2D .


. , .
, .
(/<>):
,
, . ,
2D

. .




. :
( )
N
Tx
Tz
Mt
Mx
My

- 2

- x 2

- y 2

- 2
- x 2
- y 2

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

578
( )
MT-

N-

..
2D (
).
..
2D .
..
2D .
..
2D .
..
2D .


N
Tx
Tz
Mt
Mx
My

- 2

- x 2

- y 2

- 2
- x 2
- y 2

2 (, ,
...), x , y
.

2

2D ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

579
/ -


..
2D .

, ,
2D . ,
.

/ -
..
2D .

, ,
2D . ,
.
-


()
() 2D .

,
.

, , 2D ,

.



, ,
.
, X ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

580

, ,

,

. Nn, .

, ,
.
, ,
Nns.
, ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

581
,
.
( , check box
),
. ,
,
.
:


(CQC ).

8.11



.
(/) (/).

, .

8.11.1

.
<0 .> ( / / / / / /
<>):
, 2D , ,
,
.
,

.
,
(
). ,
.
,
.
<-> ( / . / / / <> / ):

.
,
, ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

582
.
:
(< >):
.
. .
.
,
.
<-> ( / . / / / <> / <1>):
,
.

.

,
.
<-> ( / . / / / <> / / /
):
2D
.
,
, ,
. ,
2D .
2D ,
- ,
.

, ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

583


,
, . ,
.

8.11.2

.
,
(3), ,
.

M3
, :
( / <>)

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

584

:




. :
N1
T2
T3
M1
M2
M3

1
2
3
1
2
3

2
2D
(. 8.10).
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

585

8.12


,

.

<0 .> - ( / / <K>):


, ,
.
.
<1 .> - ( / /
/ / <K>):
,
.

3

(
) ( ),
, .

:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

586



,
.



.

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

587

:

X [m]

Pz [kN]

,
, + .
Z .

,
.



:
X1 [m] -

X2 [m] -

P1 [kN/m] -
P2 [kN/m] -
,
, + .
Z .
, , .
, P1,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

588
P2. , ,

P1.

,

,
.


, /
.
.
( )
..
, + .




.
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

589






. ,

.



,
.
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

590

,
. ,


.
.
.

-
-

, ( )
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

591


, ,

. ?
.

, .

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

592


, .



:
.

( ).
:
-->.

( ).
:
<--.
,
,
.

( , )
.
K ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

593

8.13


.
, ,
.


edit box-, , ..
, .
, ,
,
:
-


, . .


,
.

, ,
.
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

594
, 1000
edit box- ,
.
,

.
edit box- ..
.
0, ,

.
-


, ,
.
, edit box-
,
.
edit box- ..

( 0, ).


. ,
,
.
,
.

8.14

.
F5, ,
Alt F5 . ,
, F6
. , F6
, Alt F6
. F7 ,
, ,
, .
, ,
. Ctrl
F6 ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

595



, ,
, ,

. , ,
F5, F7.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

596

8.15



.
:

<0 .> - ( / / / / / /
<> ):

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

597
-



:


d [m]/ ,

[N/m3]

P [m2]

V [m3]

m [T]

,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

598


.
.


, .

. :


/ ,

[N/m3]

L [m]
/
V [m3]
/
m [T]
/
,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

599



.
:

[N/m3]
V [m3]
m [T]

,
(
(

) (

).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

),

600

8.16


,

.
,
,

.
<0 .> ( / / / / /
/ <>):

(, ..),
. ,
, ,
. ,
, .
.. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

601

-



. -

.




(). :

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

602
.
, .
,
.
.

-
-


,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

603
,
, .
.
. .
,
,
.


,
.


,
..
. ,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

604


, .
,
.

-a

. , edit box- n,
,
+, - ,
. ,
,
. ,
. ,
,
.
,

.
,
,
.
( n).
,
(
).
. .
.

.
.

, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

605


,
.
- ,

, .

edit box- ,
.
-a
- .

-

, ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

606


,
,
, .
TXT
TXT
TXT txt
, a .

-a

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

607

,
.
<0 .> ( / / / / /
/ <>):

.

,
.

, :

/
+ dx ,
dx.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

608



, check
box
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

609




,
.



/ ,
,
.
,
. ,
, ,
.
,
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

610

8.17


.
,
.
,
,
:



. ,

,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

611


.



, , ,
. . ,

,
.
- ,
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

612




,
.. .


.




.


.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

613





. ,
:

,
,
.
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

614

,
, .


.

.


,
,
.:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

615
<0 .> - ( / / / / / /
<>):
,
.

.



,
( ) .

:
<0 .> - ( / / / / /
/ <>):
,

.
,

,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

616

,

.
, .
,
. ,
,
.
,
,
, .
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

617



. - ,
.
.

, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

618






. :
,
.

,
.
.
.
- ,
(*) , ,
.
,
.
, .

- ,
. .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

619


.


.

.

,

.

.
,
, .



, ,
, .
, . ,
-
, ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

620


.
,
. , ,
().
,

.
() .

.
1 ( ) :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

2 ( ) :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

3 ( ) :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.


.

- .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

621



,

. ,
. ,
,
. - ,
.
,
.
.

8.18


()

,
, .
-
. , , ,

.
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

622

8.19


,
,
.

check box-a ,
. , check box-a
(check box
...).

8.20


.
<> - / ( / <> / ):

.


radio button: 2D
3D ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

623


-
, . ,
,

.
,

.




.

.
radio button
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

624

, ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

625



,
.
.

8.21

,
, ,
.
Tower- *.TWP_D,
. ,
.
,

. ,

.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

626


,
,
. , ,
.

8.21.1

, .
,
.

,
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

627
Default
,
, ,

,
default ,
.
,
.

default
,


. ,
default .
,

.. . edit box-
,
. , edit box-
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

628

Default
3 2
,
1. ,
,
.
, ,
,
.


, ,

.
,
:
default .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

629



clpboard (
).
.



,
, : , ,

.
,

, ,
. chack box-a
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

630



check box-a: ,
.
.. . default-,
check box-

. .
,
. ,
,
. ,
,
.
,
. ,
,
. , edit box- X Y


.
. default
5%, ,
, , .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

631
,
, Tower
.

Check box ,

, ,
.
, .
,
.
defualt ,
,
.

,
,
.

F2.
,
.
, ,
. ,

, .
,
.
. , ,
.
, ,
.
, . ,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

632
, ,
- .
, .
, .

,
,
.
.

,
,

. ,

.
,
Shift F2.

2D ,


Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

633

8.21.2
,

.

,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

634

8.21.3 ( )

.
.


- .
.
,
. ,
, ,
edit box- .
,
.

Edit box-

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

635

: .
, ,

.


color box
.

color box,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

636

.


, edit
box-a. , , .
,
. ,
,

. , ,
.

edit box- , ,
futer- ( ) .
, 8 .
, ..
, edit box- , .
, edit box- 0.

header, footer
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

637


header footer
- : -

header

- : -

header

- : -

footer

- : -

footer

,
,
.
:
#p
#n
#t
#d


# .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

638


.


Default
.
.
, edit
box- , .
( ), ,
.

,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

639
WordPad.
,
.



.
clipboard
clipboard
clipboard,

..








Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

640
,




,
.
, ,
.
,
.. .
, ,
,
.

.


,
, metafiles-a.
, ,
. ,
, scrooll ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

641

,
,


, , .


,
. :
#p #n #t #d -

.

.
.

#
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

642

, . ,
default , .
.



, ,
.
.


,
, Del
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

643


,
.

.
, ,
.


,

.. .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

644



, ,
.
.




.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

645


,
.
, edit box-
, .

Edit box-

,
.
. , ,
edit box .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

646


,
.

, ,
.


,
. ,
,
: , - ,
- , , .. check box-a
, .
check box ,
:
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

647
, . ,
,
.
.

, ,

,
.
, ,
.


,
. .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

648

.




.
,
...



:
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

649
:

.
, ..


.
: , ..

, .
, , .


,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

650

. : , : _4, ...
, , .

.
, .

edit box- ,
, .
, .

, ,
. .
, ,
- .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

651
,

. ,
, .

. ,
, , .
, ,

. ,
. ,
,

.
()

.
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

652



Tower.$har.
,
.
,
.
, *
.

8.21.4
,
. ,
- .
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

653
.. :
-

,
.
,
: , , ,
.
,
,
. ,
, ,
. ,
, ,
.
,
.
.
:



, :

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

654


.
,

.




,
. - ,
, :


(
, ).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

655
,
. - ,
:

.

.
,
.

8.21.5
,
,

.
.


- ,
,
, . ,
.
,
. ,
, , .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

656

,
,
.
. ,
,
.

a ,
,
.


,
(. 3.6.8.).
. ,
.
,
3D 2D,
. ,
2D, ,
.
, X, .

.
,
(. 3.5.2). ,
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

657

,
, .



.
- check box
.
.
check box , ,
.
,
(. 2.11.1).
.

.

: . ,
,
(. 3.1.3).

,
. , ,
.
5000 , ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

658

,
, , .
,
,
.

. ,
,
, ,
, . .
.
,
,
.
, check box ,

.
-
.
,
.
.
. ,
~.
,
,
. ,

,
.
,
.
3D -

,
radio button :

radio button,

Render -

radio button,



() . ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

659

,

.



() . ,

. ,

, ,
.



(.
2.14.3). ,

,

. -
.



, ,
,
,
..

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

660
,

.

.

.

,

.
,


.



,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

661

,


,
, .




. ,

.
,
. , ,
,
.

.

.
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

662



.
,



.

(. ).
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

663
,

:
F9, F10 F11 (. 3.2).
,
.
.

,
,

.


,
, ,
, (. 6.6).
,
( Edit).

,
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

664


,

.
, , (.
6.6). ,
( ).
,

. ,
,. .

,
, .




(). :

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

665
.


,
.
,
()
.
.


,
(
).
. .
() .
-a
. ,
,
.
, ..

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

666

-a

,
() (.
8.16).
-a
.
,

. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

667

-a

- ,
.

.
,
..
.

-
..

.
, ,
,
-.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

668

,


,
,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

669

,

. ,
.

,
.

, ( )

. ,
, (
X ) .

8.21.6
..
,
, .


,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

670


,
. ,
, .
,
scroll ,
.

Scrooll

. ..
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

671
.
.

,
( ).
. ,
, ,
.



,
.
,
, .
.


, Shift
Ctrl. Ctrl -
,
. ,
-. Shift
Ctrl, ,


. ,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

672

, ,
.
.




Del. ,
,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

673




,
,
, .



default
. (. 8.21.1). ,
default ,
.
,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

674



, ,
.



, ,
.. . ,
,
, ,
.
,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

675

,

, .


,
.
,
.
,
.
,
drag-. ,
, .
,
.
, , - ,
, . ,
,
.
, ,
. ,
.

.
, ,
.


, :

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

676





. , -
, ,
: .
radio button ,
, ,
radio button ,
.
,
.
TXT
, ,
(, ,
..)
.
:
-

- ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

677



- ,

:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

678




.
,
Word clip-board .

Word

,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

679


,
.




,
( , .).

.
, ,
. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

680


AutoCAD (DXF)
DXF,

, .


DXF
.
Windows ,
.

ACU,
.
.dxf,
layer. layer
CONSTRUCTION, FENET, LEGEND,
layer RESULTS.
klipboard

clipboard,
,
klipbord.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

681
TXT

TXT .


.

*.txt.
( ),
, .. Excel.

8.21.7
, ,
.
. ,
, ,
edit box- .

Edit box-
..

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

682
,
.
.
- ,
, ,

-
.
- ,

-
. .
-
( , , ,
.),
.
.
.

. ,
.
Enter, edit box-a.

edit box-a, Tab.

, ,
.
- , - ,
.

8.21.8
,
, .
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

683


, ,
.
PgUp PgDn,
.
,
.
,
.
,
, scroll , .

Scroll

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

684

. ,
.
,
.



,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

685
,
.

. ,
Ctrl
(. 2.7).



. . . ,
undo buffer
.
,
.
,
.

8.21.9
,
,
.
,
.
. .
, ,
. ,
. ,
. ,
,
.
.
,
.. . ,
.
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

686

,

,

,

,
.
,
, (
) , - .
, ,
.
,
.
, ,
.. .

8.21.10


.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

687

,
. ,
, ,
.


, .

. ,
, , .

. ,
.



, .
,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

688
.
.




. , .
, ,
. ,
.


.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

689
, ,
.
.
,
. ,
.
, ,
,
.
, , edit
box-
,
. ,
.


.
.

. ,
, ,

().
( ,
, ..).
.
:
1. - ,
.
2. ,
, .
3. -
Shift .
4. ,
Shift ,

5. .
,
- ,

.
Del .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

690

..
,
. , - ,
.

,
.
,
.
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

691
,
, , .
,
(), ,
(). ,
,


, ,
. ,
,

.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

692

8.21.11

,
.
:



, .
,
, *.twp_d,
,
.

, :

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

693

. , .

.
:

- a

-
,

,
.

8.21.12

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

694

8.21.13

, .


Print range ,
. All
, ,
Pages , edit box-
,
.
edit box- Number of copies ,
check box-a Print to file ,
, , .
OK, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

695

8.21.14 RTF
RTF,
(*.twd ) *.rtf , Windows
tekst Word.
.

RTF
edit box- : *.rtf ,
,
. , RTF
,
. ,
RTF .
OK ,
.
Word, - ,
.

,

PDF ,
.
:

,
().
Tower-.
Word-
Tower-.
Tower- Word-.
:
, Tower-
, Word- -
,
RTF . , Word, ,
. Tower
. , RTF
, Word,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

696

8.21.15

. ,
- , ,
.

,
, ,
,
.

8.21.16
, - ,
,
. Ctrl D
.


,
.

, ( )
.

8.21.17
,
, .
,
, (. 3.5.2).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

697


,
,
, ,
. ,
. ,
.
, ,
,
, .
..
, ,
, , ..
, .

,.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

698

8.21.18 clipboard

, clipboard -
.
clipboard,
. ,
,
Ctrl F2. ,
,
.
clipboard .

.




.

,
.
. , Word
, clipboard
.
clipboard ,
.
, ,
clipboard
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

699

8.21.19 clipboard
clipboard
.
clipboard
clipboard,
.
Ctrl,
Shift F2.
clipboard
clipboard .

8.21.20 Bitmap AutoCAD .DXF


Bitmap AutoCAD .DXF
, ,
DXF .
,
,
.
,
:

.DXF

radio button BMP DXF .
, .
Windows
.
,
AutoCAD .DXF
X
,
.
radio button:
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

700

Radio button

radio button DXF,
ACU,
.


DXF
.dxf,
.
CONSTRUCTION, FENET,
LEGEND, RESULTS.
DXF ,
.

,
DXF .
radio button BMP,
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

701




. ,
,
. .

( )

, .bmp.
, ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

702

8.21.21
*.txt

*.txt.
( )
,
Excel.
*.txt

.

.



.
, *.txt
.
,

. ,
*.txt .

8.21.22
..
. ,
,
. ,
.
.
, .. .

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

703


, ,

.
default ,
.

. ,

.

.
,
()
,
- .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

704

9.


,
.
(, ),
(, ). ,
,
, (. 3.1.1.).
,
, ,
,
.
:
,

. , , ,
,
. -
.
:
,
(, , ) ,
,
.

9.1


( )

,
.
, X ,
.


,
. ,
, .

- , .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

705

,
. , ,
.
,
, .
( .),
. ,

.

.

,

.
fck rd ( rd
).
,
.
.,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

706

,
fyk.

9.2

,
,
. ,
. , ,
..
,
.
, , ,

.


, .

,
,
, ,
. ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

707

,
: 1.6xI+1.8xII
,

. ,
,
9 .. ,
.

,


,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

708

., X
, ,

. :



(
).
.. list box-u
.
,
, default- ,
,
.
, ,
,
.



,
, ,
( default-
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

709
,
default- ).


,
,
.



.
,
,
, (
- ,
).
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

710



(

),

. ,

, . -
,
.
,
, ,
. ,
, , ,
.

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

711


(. 3.2.2).
,
.





, TXT .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

712

,
, .
,


.
, ,
,
,
.

,
, .
:


. ,
,
,
.
,
. , ,
. ,
,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

713

9.3


, .. ,
.
(, )
X X .
, : ,
.


X X
,
.

9.3.1

,
, ..
, ,
, ..
.
,
.
( - ), (
- ).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

714

9.3.1.1 -
, .


,
.
,
.
, ,
.,
.
,
. , ,
, , , ,
. , , , ,
2D .

.
.
,
, , ,
.
Mxy ,

Mxy.
EuroCod- 2.
Mx My ,
, Mxy,
.
,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

715

My Mx,
,
. ,
, , Mx My
, Mx My
1, .. 2.
.
Mx


X
My

Y
Mxy
Mdx
X ,
Mdy
Y ,
Mdx
X ,
Mdy
Y ,
,
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

716
. ,
.
,
.
, , ,
- , -
, ..
.

- ,

,


,
.
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

717

,
.

9.3.1.2 -
.
<0 .> - ( / / / / /
/ < >):
.
, .




, :
. .

check box-a ,
.
deafult-
.

. ,
,
.

.


,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

718


.
,

.

,
, .
:
Default :
- default-

- Mxy default-

- . .
default-
-
default-
- Registry
, default-
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

719

9.3.2

,
.
<0 .> - ( / / / / /
/ < >):
,
. , , ,
, , .


,
. , ,
, . ,
,
. ,
.
, .

. ,

. ,
,
.
:
, , ,
,
,
. ,
,
.
. , ,
. ,
, , -
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

720

9.3.3

,
2
. ,

.


.


.

- - ..
,

( ).
. .,
(
. 1 . 2),
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

721
( .). default-,

, 1 X , 2
Y . -
(.
9.3.4).
.,

, . ,
,
.


( ).
,
. ,
,
.


. 1,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

722


. 1,
,
. .

, Empty .




,
. , , ,
.
,
..
( .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

723
1: 3.86 cm2/m, 2: 6.68 cm2/m,
: 6.68 cm2/m).
,
,
. ,
.


,
,

,
, 1,
2.
,
:
,
.

. , ,
,
.
<0 .> . ( / / / / /
/ < >):


( , ..). ,
, . ,
, , .
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

724



, ,
, .
- 8/20
(Aa=2.50 cm2),
, :

,
, 8/20,
8/10 (Aa=5.00 cm2), ,
10/10 (Aa=7.90 cm2),
Tower 6
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

725



.
( ),
( ).
.

,

20 .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

726

[cm2/m] ,
. ,
, ,
.


Q
,
.
, %f,
.
, ,
, ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

727


,

,
, .


:


. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

728


, . ,
,
.

, ,
,
.
, ,
, .



, ,

.
,
.

-
.

,
. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

729

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

730





, ,

.
, ,

.
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

731


2,
,
..
. ,
,
.
,

, ,
.

defult

,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

732

,
. , ,

,
.
:
,
. ,
,
.
, .
.
.

9.3.4

.
,
default .
, ,
default , ,
, , .
.
, .
, .
<_> . ( / . / / / <> /
/ / ):

.

. ,
, ,
.
,
. .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

733

. ,
. ,
, .
, , ,

. ,
,
.
, ,

. , default-,
(
, )
. ,

, .
. 1 - <0>:
, .
0.
1 ,
2.
. 2 - <90>:
,
.



,
.
. ,
,
. . 1: 1, . 2:
2 .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

734
. 1: . 2:, ,
: 1, e1, 2, e2 n .
1 e1 2 e2 n-

1
1
2
2

,


,
. ,
,
, .
,
.


,
.
,
: Tower.$net.

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

735

edit box- ,
.
,
.

.


, ,
.

, .
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

736



,
,
,
.


,
- ,
.
, 9.3.6.
,
, ,
. ,

, ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

737

.

,


..
.
.



,

. ,
,
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

738


default
,
default . ,
,
.
, ,
,
,
.
, ,
,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

739
, ,
. , ,

.
.


, ,
,
. ,
Y ,
X . ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

740
,
,
, ,
,
. ,
.
:
,
.
.

. ,
, , ..
,
. ,

.

,
, .
<-> . ( / . / / /
<> / / / ):

, ..
() .

.
,
.
:
, , ..

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

741


,
,
.

,
,
. -
.


(. A1) (. A2)
(
1) ( e1).
( 2)
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

742

19/15 5219
,
.

,
,

..

,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

743

,
2719,

5219

9.3.5

, ,
, , ,
.

, .
< .> ( / / / /
/ / <>):
.



,
. ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

744

.
2 x Lo x,
. ,
Lo,
.

. ,
, .
, ,
, - .
:
- , -
, ,
. ,
, , ..
.
- , ,
, ..
.
0 90.
-
.
,
.

, , 2 -
1.



,
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

745

.
,
,
(),
. ,
, ,
.

9.3.6

,
, .

, ,
.




- ,
.

,
. , ,
(, , ,
..) .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

746

,

,
X X . , -
.
, ,
.
,

(/).
,
.

, -
,
.
:
, ,
.

.
,
, , .
, .
<0 .> (<>):
, ,
. ,
.
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

747
:
,

.
.

9.3.7


.. , ..
.
,
. , ,
.
- (/<>//):
,

.


, TXT
.

. ,
.
, , OSNAP

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

748


OSNAP
,
. , .
<0 .> ( / / / / / /
<>):
, ,
.
, ,
, ,
, .
,
, ,
.
,
,

. ,
, -
.

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

749


,

.



,
. ,
,
.
, .
, :
1, 2,
1, 2. -
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

750
, , - ,
.


,
.
, ,
.



,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

751

9.3.8

ArmCAD


ArmCAD
Tower. ArmCAD
Tower ,
. , ,
ArmCAD.
2D ,
.
ArmCAD .


edit box- : ,

,

. ,
default *.pa3, *.pa4
.
edit box- : ,
ArmCAD .

, . :

, ..
, layer,
A3_OP. ,
AutoCAD- ,
,
Explode AutoCAD-. ,
default ,
.


layer, A3_DZ.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

752


layer, A3_GZ.

check box- ,
, ,
. ,
.
, , , ,
AutoCAD-, o
.
,
,

.
, edit box- a=
.
,
.
ArmCAD 2005 (. 3.5.2).
edit box- a0= ( defalt-
1.5 ), ,
.
,
, . ,
,
.
,
.
, ,

,
, . ,
, , ,
20 %
. ,
,
, .
, ..
.
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

753
,

.
:
ArmCAD 2000 (*.pa3)
ArmCAD 2005 (*.pa4),
(. 3.5.2).
ArmCAD 2005,
da=

9.3.9


. ,
X X ,
.
<0 .> - ( / / / / /
/ <>):
.
, .

-a, edit box-


.
xs -


box-a, .
,

..
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

754
,
edit box
.

Edit box

,
.
, .
,
, .
(/<>//):

.

box -
. ,
- ..
T=0 T=. -
. ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

755

T= 1,
, ,
. ,
,
.


a=0.15 mm
..
, .

. ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

756
,
,
.

9.3.10

, ,
. , ..
.
, X X ,

.
(///<>):
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

757

1 2,

..
.
():


. , ,
( 2.5.6). ,
,
.

-
. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

758

T=0,
,
.. .
(///<>):


.
box ,
.

,
T=0,
T=.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

759

T=,
-
, ,
. ,
.
(// /<>):

( 9.4.5).
, ,
.
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

760


,

.
:
,
, ,
,
.
.

X 8/10, Y 8/20

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

761

.

, ,
.

9.3.11
,
.

,
.
- EUROCODE (EN 1992) PBAB 87.
X
.
:
<0 .> - (///<>):

( )
. 2
(
).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

762



. ,

. ,
, ,
:



.

. , ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

763

.
, ,
.


. radio-button
:


.


.

,
.
, PBAB 87
=0.5%, EUROCODE
.
, :
.
,
.

.
.
,
. - EUROCODE - 2.0, PBAB 87 - 0.5.

(hs).

,
. check box
, ,
check box ,
.

.
- PBAB 87.

:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

764

d s = 1.13 b d
-
ds
b d -
1,5
,
1.5. b/d=40/80
d=1.5*b=60.
,

.
- EUROCODE.


(PBAB 87,
b/d=40/50)



(PBAB 87, b/d=40/50)


EUROCODE.


. ..
,
. ,
.
EUROCODE.

/.
,
.
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

765
:
( )

, ,
.
, ,
. ,

.
( )

(
).

.
, (EUROCODE)
- (PBAB
87). ,
.
( )


.
.
, (EUROCODE)
-
(PBAB 87).



.

,
. ,

.
PBAB 87 ,

-

1.0xOkp

Okp :

0.6xOkp

0.3xOkp

radio button . i
. , radio button

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

766

() ,
. ,
2- , : .
,


.
,
Lh []. ,
.

,


.

,
,
.

.

.
, check box
.
check box ,
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

767

,
.


;

!!! -
.

,
check box
check box ,
.
:


.
;

,
.


;

!!! -
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

768

,
check box

.
. , ,
,
.
, ,
.
EUROCODE

:

vEd vRd,max

:

vEd vRd,cs
vEd
vRd,max

- ;

-
;

vRd,cs

-
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

769

vEd =

VEd
ui d

- -
.

EUROCODE , 2hs
.

hs

:

v Rd ,c = C Rd ,c k (100 f ck )1 / 3 + k1 cp (vmin + k1 cp )

vEd > vRd , c

. :

v Rd ,cs = 0 . 75 v Rd ,c + 1 . 5

d Asw f ywd ,ef


sin
sr
u1 d

PBAB
:

Tmax
Okp hs

Tmax

Okp
hs


;
b d,

d s = 1.13 b d

1,5 .

40%.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

770

2
1 a
3

Tmax.

2
1 a < 2 b
3

.
:

Tmax

> 2 b .

1 2 :
1 = 1.3 a ;

2 = 0.45a

500/600.

1.0 GA 240/360, 1.3 RA 400/500 1.4 MA

Aak

45 90

Aak =

T
0.75 Tmax
= 1.35 max
v / 1.8
v

,
, ,
TXT .
, ,

, .

,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

771


.
<0 .> - (///<>):

.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

772

,
TXT .

.
:
<0 .> - ( / / / / / /
<>):


.
<0 .> - (///<>):



:



,
,
.


:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

773



.

. ,

2 3 , 3
(
3) 2 (
2),
.
OK,
.

.
,

. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

774

,

,
.
,



, .

9.4


.

. ,

,
: , , , ,
, , , .

(. 3.1.7).
.

X X . ,
: ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

775


X X

9.4.1

,
..
, ,
, ..
.
, .

( - ), (
- ).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

776

9.4.1.1 -
.



. ,

. ,
.
,
,
- ,
, .

: ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

777
,
.
,

.

,
, .


.
,
.
.
8 / 20
,
:

8 / 20(m = 2) => (0.82 / 4) (100 / 20) = 2.513cm2


,
(m=2).
,
1 . ,
8 / 20 :

8 / 20(m = 2) => (0.82 / 4) (100 / 20) 2 = 5.027cm2


,
(m=1)
, 2
.

.

:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

778
( 1 - )

( 2 -
)

T2u =
160.00
T3u = -160.00
M3u = -400.00

T2u =
160.00
T3u = -160.00
M3u = -400.00

b/a = -3.500/3.266
Aa1 =
10.23 2
Aa2 =
26.96 2
Aa3 =
0.00 2
Aa4 =
0.00 2
Aa,uz =
7.17 2/m (m=2)
[ Aa,uz = 10/10(m=2) = 7.85
2/m]

b/a = -3.500/3.266
Aa1 =
10.23 2
Aa2 =
26.96 2
Aa3 =
0.00 2
Aa4 =
0.00 2
Aa,uz = 14.34 2/m (m=1)
[ Aa,uz = 10/10(m=2) = 15.71
2/m]

,
10 / 10
. (m=2)
.


M/z ,
.
. ,
,
.


.
0.75 x hs ( hs ).

(. 9.4.1.2).

,
. , ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

779
. , .

,
( ) (
) . ,




. , ,
, ,
.

, ,
.
, (

). ,
.
,
(
0.85).

()
.
. , ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

780


-

:


.
.
-,
.
- -
.

.
(default)
, .. -
. ,

. edit box-
, gr =.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

781

, -

, -
.

.
,
. ,
.
, -
.
, ,
.

,
, ,
, ,
.

. ,
,

.
-
,

.
1. II-
II- ,
, ,
II- .
,
. , ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

782
,
II- .
, .

.
.
2. II- +

. , ,
, .
..
, .
,
, -
.
3. I- +
I- . ,
,
,
. ,
. ,

- .
,
, -
.
,
. ,
.

9.4.1.2 -
.
<0 sel> ( / / / / /
/ <>):

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

783


..
,
. ,
. ,
,
.

: ,

(
, , ),
. ,
, , ,
,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

784
.
.

, ,
, ,
.





,
, , edit
box-a,
. default- 10%
, , .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

785

,
,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

786

,

.


(M2, M3, N1)
(T2, T3, M1),
:
. .
(Aa1=Aa2 Aa3=Aa4).
,
Aa3/Aa1, .
. ,
, (M3 M2),
.. Aa1 Aa2 (:
3 (Aa1,Aa2)) Aa3 Aa4 (:
2 (Aa3/Aa4)). ,

check box-, ..
. (
9),
,
,
.
.
, ,

.
1.00.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

787
.

.
, .
, default-
X 3 (Aa1,Aa2), ,

. ,
, Aa1
, .



.
: , , ,
,
: Aa3 Aa4.
, ,
.
, ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

788

,
, ..

. , ,
: Aa1 Aa2. ,

, .
,
(Aa1, Aa2, Aa3, Aa4),
: Aa,uk.
:
2:
3:
4:
5:

Aa1=Aa2=2/4Aa,uk;
Aa1=Aa2=2/6Aa,uk;
Aa1=Aa2=3/6Aa,uk;
Aa1=Aa2=3/8Aa,uk;

Aa3=Aa4=0
Aa3=Aa4=1/6Aa,uk
Aa3=Aa4=0
Aa3=Aa4=1/8Aa,uk


,
. ,
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

789
default- .
, edit box- .
3 . 2
.
1, .

, ,
(..
). ,
.
( )
,
.


S (Start) E (End),
, .
S ,
,
, .
E.
,
. ,
, .
1 .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

790


.

.
. 0.00 ,
. -
. 0.75.
:
, ,
,
( ). , ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

791

9.4.2

,
.
<0 .> - ( / / / / / /
<>):
,
. , , ,
, ,
.


, ,
,
,
.
,
. , ,
,
. , ,

. , .
, .

.
,

. ,
, .
:
,
, , ..

.

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

792

9.4.3


.
,
. ,
,
( 2 ).
, ,
.
.
.


( )
,
,
, , ,
,
, . ,
(),

. ,
:
<0 .> (/ /< >):

:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

793



,
, .
Aa2Aa1Aa2/Aa1Aa3Aa4Aa3/Aa4Au,uz-

Aa-

Aa2
Aa1
Aa2 Aa1
Aa3
Aa4
Aa3 Aa4

(
).
,
: 5,00 2/
: 8/10 .
(Aa1+Aa2+Aa3+Aa4)

,

.
,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

794

Aa2/Aa1
, ..
,
Aa1.
, .

,
.
.
, ..

.

9.4.4

Radimpex-a ,
,
(
),
.
,
.
<0 .> - ( / /
/ /<>)
,
, ,
. ,

. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

795


.
,
: x= Aa=.



x=
, Aa= -
(2 ), .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

796
( Aa2), ( Aa1),
,
: . ,
,
,
Ctrl .
(Aa2/Aa1,
Aa3/Aa4, Aa,),
, .


, ,
, .
Aa2/Aa1.


, .
,
,
Ctrl
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

797




,
( , check box Aa2/Aa1
Aa3/Aa4).

=16
edit box =,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

798

Edit box ,

, ..
,
. default-
, ,
.
.
, , edit box- n=,
, .
Enter Tab
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

799

, ,
,
,
, .
, ,
.
Aa1 Aa2. edit-box- n=
Enter Tab.
edit box e=,
, ,
.

2
3
Aa3/Aa4,

: Aa3 Aa4, , ,
: Aa3 Aa4. ,
Aa1, Aa2.

, , Aa2,
, , Aa1,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

800


, ,
, ,
. ,



,
,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

801
, ,
=.

,


,
.
, , ,
,
, ,
default-.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

802

,
,
, . edit box-
n= =, ,
, .
,
,
Aa1, check box Aa3/Aa4 .

Aa,
,
.

Aa,

Aa, .
edit box- =, e= m=,
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

803

Edit box- ,
edit box- a0= ,
.
, .

Edit box
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

804

,
, ,
, .. .
( )
(Aa1, Aa2, Aa3 ili Aa4),
.
.


, , ,
,

. ,

. , ,
, .
- ,
, , , ,
.

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

805



.

, ,
( ,
,
).
, , ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

806

:
-

,
..

( ,
)

,
..

( ,
)

, ..

,
..

(
)
,
,
(

)
,
(
,
)

, , ,
: PgUp, PgDn, Home End, ,
,
(
).

: 1/2.
, - .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

807


, ,
, ,
. ,
, ,
.


,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

808
:
, ,
. , , , ,
Aa1/Aa2, Aa3/Aa4 Aa,
, .
,
, ,
, ,
, .
,
. ,
, .

,

,

, , ,
,
,
. ,
.
, ,
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

809

,



. ,
,
Aa=",
.



,
, (edit box- = n=).
Aa2= ,
edit box- = ( )
n= ( ), ,
(
). ,
,
. ,
,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

810
, edit box- = n=,
,
edit box-.
, n=, ,
, ,
, , ,
.
,
.
edit box- e=.
, ,
, .
, =.
,
.
,
. ,
. check box-a
, . check box
, Aa2=
, ,
. ,
.
(, ,
,
),

. ,
.
,
.

, .. check box Aa,
.
.



,
: = ( ), e= (
) m= ( ).
, ,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

811
,
.
, ,
.

,
, -
,
. ( ),
, ..
.

,

. , -
, . ,
, ,
Del.
, .

, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

812




, .

, .. ,
..
.

,
.
.
.
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

813



,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

814




,
.
,
.

.

130 ,

,

,
, .
, , ..
, -

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

815
,
, .

,

,
, .
,
,
.
,
, .. , .
,
,
.

,
,
.
- ,
,
.

,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

816
,
.



, ,
(
,
). , ,
.
, ,
,
, .

,

check box ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

817



. ,
,
.
, ,
check box .


,


, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

818
,
. , , ,
.

.



,
, .. ,
.


,
, ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

819


.


() .
:
<0 .> (<>)
.
,
:
<1 .> ( / / / / /
/ <>):
, .
.
-
.

.
( ).
,
.
, (
):
<0 .> (<>):

:
<1 .> - ( / / / / /
/ <>):

, ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

820

9.4.5

Tower
.
:
( / <> / /
/ ):
,
,
. ,
, .
, :

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

821

:
- ,

- ,
- ,
- , ,


,

.

.
,
. , ,
:
( / <> / / /
):
,
.

. ,
.
.
<0 .> ( / / / / /
/ <>):
,
.
, ,
,

.
,

. ,
, .
<0 .> ( / / / / / /
<>):
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

822
, , , ,
.
,
, ,
,
. , ,
,
.
,

.




, . ,
,
.
.
,
(
(

), (

).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

823




. ,
. ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

824

9.4.6

ArmCAD


.
, ArmCAD
. ,
(), , ,
, ,
. ,
ArmCAD , .
ArmCAD ()


, 2D
().
, ..
, 2D
.

ArmCAD () -


, 2D
.
, .. ,
2D .

:
- 2D ,
,
,
2D .
.

- ,
( ),
, - .
- , ,
ArmCAD (), ,
,
ArmCAD (), .
ArmCAD ()
ArmCAD () 2D
,
:
<0 .> - (/<>):

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

825
( ),
,
. , ,
.

,

edit box- : ,
,

. , ,
, default
*.pa3, .
edit box- ,
ArmCAD 2000 .
check box-a
, .. ,
layer, A3_OP.
,
. ,
, .
,
, .
, ..
.
,
:
- ,
, ,
, ,
.
- , ,
,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

826
- .
ArmCAD- , ,
() .

, .. .
, ,
, ,
ArmCAD- .
- ,
, , 12 ,
ArmCAD- , ,
( ).
- , ,
.
,
.
-
.
,
. ,
.
ArmCAD 2000.
, (. 3.5.2),
ArmCAD 2005,
. .

- .
T , I ,
, I .
, ,
,
, . , T
.
, .
- 3 . ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

827
ArmCAD ()
ArmCAD ()
2D .
:
< .> ( / / / / / /
<> / ):
,
, 2D ,
.
.
.


,

, . ,
check box ,
, , ,
, . ,
, .
edit box d= ,
.
,
.
,
:
- ,
, .

- , .
, - .
,
, 45.
, .
- ,

.
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

828

- ,
. , ..
. ,
,
-
.
- ,

ArmCAD ().
-
, , .
ArmCAD 2000.
, (. 3.5.2),
ArmCAD 2005,
d=.
. 3 .

9.4.7


.
, X X ,
.
<0 .> - ( / / / / /
/ <> / ):
, .
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

829

- ,
.
, .
, .

9.4.8

,
, ,
. , ,
X X ,
.
<0 .> (/<>):

..
.
():


. , ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

830
box- ,

3.
, ,
3 2.
,
.

T=,
,
..

.

9.4.9

,
X X ,
.
<0 .> ( / / / <>):

. ,

. ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

831

-a

,
.

T=
,
,
.
,
.
.
( / <> / / / ):
,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

832

-a

,
.
, .
, ,

.


a=0.15 mm

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

833

9.5

,
.
,
,
. ,
,
. ,
, .. ,
X X .
.
X X
,
( / / / <>):
- .
:

1 2

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

834



, ..
: Nx, Ny Nxy,
,
, ,
,
,
, - .

, ,
(b/d) (Ab).


[
,
,
,
(Aa1 Aa2), ,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

835
(Aa).
(Aa),
.

, edit box- a1=, a2= a3=,
,
.

Edti box-


,
(M, T, N)
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

836

M N, - T.
M N ,
,
, T
Nns.
(
).
- >0 N>0, >0 N<0,
<0 N>0, <0 N<0
.
(CQC SRSS)

, CQC ( )
SRSS.

/

, ,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

837


, .
, .


, .
,
, , ,
.

,

,


- . Mu
Nu Nn, Tu -
Nns.
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

838


defalt defalt
. (Aa1 Aa2)
, (Aa) (Aa)
,
.



, ,
.

.



edit box-
.
Aa1
Aa2
Aa
Aa

-
-
-
-

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

839
L/ -

edit box- ,
, L - .

.

, ,

.



(Aa1, Aa2, Aav),
.
, .
ON


(
),
(Aa1 Aa2), check box
, edit box- Aa1/Aa=
Aa2/Aa= .
default- , , ,
, , ,
1.00.

(Aav) ,
. ,
,
,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

840

,
. ,
,
, .

,
.
,
.
OFF


check box ,
edit box-
.
Aa1/Aa Aa2/Aa Aa/Aa -

Aa1

Aa2


Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

841
- 1.00.


: , .

.


, .


. check box
, Aa1
Aa2, ,
. check box
, .
!
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

842
,
.
. ,
( L/,
),
, ,
edit box- e=.

, ,
, , .

, 3, ,
L/10. , 16
e=3 6
: 30/(3+1.6)=6.52 ,
12 (,
).
,
.
, edit box- n=
0 .

, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

843



,
. ,
,
.

.
, ,
,
.


, ,
.

( )

( ) (
).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

844



, ,
.

,



- .
<0 .> ( / / / <>):_

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

845

,


.


, .
<0 .> - ( / / / / / /
<>):

,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

846


,
.

9.6

, X
,
.
, ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

847

. ,
(
edit box- ).

b/d=20/40
,
( ).


,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

848

,

,
X X X .
, , ,
, .
,
,
.
,
.

,

, ,
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

849

,
, edit box-
.
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

850

10.

,
,
.
X .
, : ,
.


X
:

,

. ,
,
. ,
, X ,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

851

10.1


. ,
X ,
.


,
.
, .

- , .

,
. , ,
.
,
, . edit box- :,
.
(
),
.
v,
. edit box- M0
=, M1 = M2 =,
vec=.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

852

10.2


..
list box- ,
. N,
, ,

. 9 ..
,
.
Tower
.
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

853



, ,

, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

854

10.3

,
.
,
. ,
:
stv = N/Ax + My/Wy + Mz/Wz
stv = Ty(z) /Ay(z)
u = (,stv2 + 3,stv2)1/2
,
..
,
. ,
,
. , ,
, ,
. 1.00,
> 1.00, < 1.00.
, > 1.00,
,
.



, select
box-a, ,

.
<0 .> (<>):

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

855
,
.



list box- ,
. N,
,
.
..
..
.
.
,
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

856
.
,
.

, , .
, ,
CH. ,
,
.
.
, ,
,
.

. :
<0 .> - (/ <>):
:
<0 .> - ( // / / /
/<>):
.
,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

857
,
,
.
, ,

.

10.4

,
.
, .
<0 .> - ( / / / / /
/ < >):
,
,
.



( ,
), . -
.
. ( )
, edit box- z y
Z, .. Y ( L ,
, .. ).
1. ,
.
( ),

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

858
.

, .
( )
,
z-z y-y ,
,
,
edit box-.
(
)
, defalt-
. ,
0.
(
)

.
, ,
.
(
)
,
.
(
)
,
.
(
)
.
( )
,
.
.

,
.
( )

.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

859


default- ..
edit box- :
.

edit box- :,
.

edit box- :,


default- ..
edit box- :
.

, ,
edit box- : Ar.

edit box- :,
.

.
, C1, C2, C3, i
M.LT .
,
.

.

.

.
.
, ,

. ,
.

. ,

.
.

, ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

860
,

. ,

. ,

.

10.5

,
.
<0 .> - ( / / / / /
/<>):

. ,

.


.
,
, .

10.6

, ,
, .. .
,
.
1.00. > 1.00,
< 1.00. ,
:
<0 .> - (< >):
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

861


,

() .

.
scroll ,
PgUp, PgDn, , ,
. ,

,
.
,
,

.
,
. ,
.
,


.
,
(
, .)
,
.

,
, ,
. ,
. , ,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

862
,

. .
.
.

, ,
. ,
,
,
,
. , ,
. ,
.
.

.
,

.
.



.
,
, ,
, ,
.

10.7


,
.
, .
<0 .> - ( / / / / / /
<>):

. ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

863



, ,
.



,
. , ,
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

864

.



,
,
.

10.8


.
:
<0 .> , (<K>):
,
, :
:
, :

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

865

10.9

.

. (-
EUROCODE).

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

866
, ,
,
,
.
-


() .

- ,
,
C1, C2, C3 M.LT.

.

:
<0 .> (<K>):
.
,
.

.
.


.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

867

11.


: ,
,
, , .

X . ,
: ,
.


:
:

,

. ,

.
, :
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

868

11.1

,
.
, : ,
box .

box-a

,
dialog -a. edit box- ,
.
(
), ,
. , box ,
.
EUROCODE
EUROCODE
. ,
DIN.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

869



,
.
-. -
). ,
. (
,
.
.

.
.

,


. check box ,


1.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

870


check box ,
, .
.
,
, .
. ,

,
:

.
.



, ,
.
, ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

871



,
. radio
button :
, . ,
, ,
,
.
.

.
.
. , . -
,
.



. ,


. ,
.
, ,
. ,
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

872

11.2

DIN
, box
.

-a

list box- ,
. N
, ,
Ko
Kd. Ko Kd
.
Ko
.

Ko = 1.00
Ko = 1.15 +
Ko = 1.50 + +
Kd
Kd = 1.00
Kd = 0.90
3

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

873
-
, ,
.
- ( Ko
Kd), ,
0.
Tower
.
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

874
, ,

, .
EUROCODE

:

EUROCODE
list box ,
. N
. .
.

: .
,
.
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

875




m,
(
).

. ,
, ,
, .

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

876




,
.
list box ,
.
N ,
,
. 9

. ,
.
- check box,
.

check
box.

Kmod,
(
).
,

.
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

877


, ,
( 9
).
. .,
.
,

, .

11.3

DIN

. ,
:
<0 .> ( / / / / /
/ <>):
,
,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

878

-a
-
( ,
,
),
. .
( )
, edit box- 3 2,
3, .. 2 .
1, .
,
,
. ,
,

, .. . ,

-.
/ (
)
t

.(
)
combo box-
,
.:
- ( Lk) . Lk = 120
- ( Lk) . Lk = 150
- . Lk = 175

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

879
( )
. combo box-
:
:
-
-
:
-
-
:
- I
- II
- III ( , )
.. ,
,
. 18%
15%.
18% .. 15% ,
Kf.
()
0.85 1.00
.


,
,
,

0.85

0.90

0.90

1.00

0.90

0.95

0.95

1.00

1.00

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

880

:
( ),

.
( ):

.

,
,

K
1.00
2.50
3.00
3.00
4.50

K
.

(
)
,

(
)

(I )
:
- ,
- ,
- .
, (I )
, K.

, 130a R1 < 150 a (
),
, , 150a R1 < 200 a,

.

.

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

881

.
.
,
, ,
.
:
,
, :
Ko - ,
Kd - ,
Ki -
,
Kf - ,
K -

K
.

EUROCODE
,
.
:
<0 .> ( / / / / /
/ <>):
.

,
.



, ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

882
(.
).

radio button :
-


, .
,
,
.

-
.

:
-

[].

3-
:
-

1
20 60%
2 -
20
85%
3
2

.
, . 3 .
2, 3,
2 . 1,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

883


. ,
, ,
,
. ,
,
.
/
.
.

.
1.
.
,


2, .

.
.


.
check box.

11.4

,
,
<0 .> - ( / / / / /
/<>):

. ,
.

,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

884
. ,
,
.
- DIN

:

m3

M3
'

W3 m

dop

m2

M2
'

W2 m

dop

t n

Z
'
t dop ..
Aneto

c n

N
'
c dop
A

= 1 .5

'
m dop

Mt
'
;

W p dop

m3 + m2 c n
+ '
1 .00
m' dop
c dop

m3 + m 2 t n
+ '
1.00
m' dop
t dop
:

+ m 2 m dop
'

m3

:
'
m + t dop
,
( )
:
:
Z
M
M
'
'
'
m3 = k m W33 m dop , m2 = W22 m dop t n = k n Aneto t dop ..
:
N
=
Z .. n k n A .
M3 ,
m3 = k m W3 n = k n Aneto

c n

=kn

N
'
c dop ;
A


, , :
:

m3

M3
'

W3 m

dop

m2

M2
'

W2 m

dop

:
Z
M
m3 = k m W33 , n = k n Aneto ..

t n

Z
'
t dop ..
Aneto

= k n

c n

N
'
c dop ;
A

N;
A

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

885
:

=km
m3

M3 ,
W3

Z
A neto

..

=kn

N;
A


:
2


1
+
2.66

dop

< 0
1

c
+

dop
c

> 0
1

2
t 1
1
+
+
1.25
dop
t dop 1.33

dop

dop

:
- ,
- 4.0
, (
),
- K (
),
- =R/h 2
10 , > 10,
( ).
,
!!!!. ,
:
- , > max ( ),
- =R/h 2 (<2),
- I ( )
,
- ( ) .
EN 1995-11:2004
:
-

1
20 60%
2 -
20
85%
3
2

kmod
:

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

886

./.

0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.1

0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.1

0.5
0.55
0.65
0.7
0.9

m
:

, m = 1.3
, - m = 1.25
m = 1.0
m = 1.0

fm,d , ft,0,d , ft,90,d , fc,0,d , fc,90,d , fv,d


fm,k , ft,0,k , ft,90,k , fc,0,k , fc,90,k , fv,k
kmod
() m.

f x.d = f x.k

kmod

:
a) (N = 0) , :

km

m , 3, d
f m , 3, d

m , 3, d
f m , 3, d

+ km

m , 2 ,d
f m , 2 ,d

m , 2,d
f m , 2,d

1 +

100
t

1 +

100

:
t
km
km
fm,3,d fm,2,d
m,3,d i m,2,d

- %
-
= 1.00
-
- (M/W)

km = 0.70,

b) (N > 0) , :

t , 0 ,d
f t , 0 ,d

+ km

m , 3, d
f m , 3, d

m , 2 ,d
f m , 2 ,d

1 +

100

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

887

t , 0 ,d
f t , 0,d

m , 3, d

+ km

f m , 3, d

m , 2 ,d
f m , 2 ,d

1 +

100

:
t
km

- %
- km = 0.70,
km = 1.00
- ,
fm,d ( fm,d )
- (M/W), JUS
( )
- (N/Aneto)

fm,3,d , fm,2,d , ft,0,d


m,3,d , m,2,d
t,0,d

c)

3 =

L3
i3

2 =

L2
i2

L3 L2 - , i3 i2 -

c ,crit ,3

2 E0,05
=
32

c ,crit , 2

f c , 0 ,k

rel .3 =

rel .2 =

c ,crit ,3

2 E0, 05
=
22
f c , 0 ,k

c ,crit , 2

rel,3 0.3 rel,2 0.3, :


2

c , 0 ,d

f
c , 0 ,d

+ k m m ,3,d + m , 2,d 1 + t

f m , 3, d
f m , 2,d 100

c , 0 ,d

f
c , 0 ,d

m , 3, d
m , 2 ,d
t
+
+

+
1
k

100
f
f

m , 3, d
m , 2,d

c , 0 ,d
k c , 2 f c , 0 ,d

c , 0 ,d
k c , 3 f c , 0 ,d

+ km
+

m , 3, d
f m , 3, d

m , 3, d
f m , 3, d

+ km

m , 2 ,d
f m , 2 ,d

m , 2 ,d
f m , 2 ,d

1 +

100
t

1 +

100

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

888

k c ,3 =

k c,2 =

k 3 + k 32 2rel ,3

1
k 2 + k 22 2rel , 2

k 3 = 0.5 1 + c (rel .3 0.3) + 2rel .3

k 2 = 0.5 1 + c ( rel .2 0.3) + 2rel .2

- (
c = 0.20, - c = 0.10)

d)

2 ,d

Q2
Aneto

= 1.5

3, d

= 1.5

Q3
Aneto

2,d + 3,d 1 + tol


2

f v ,d

:
Q3 Q2
Aneto

-
- ( )

e)
:

tor , 3, d

Mt
Wp3

tor , 2 , d

Mt
Wp 2

tor , 3, d

fv, d

tor , 2 , d

fv,d

1 + tol

1 + tol

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

889

2,d + tor,3,d 1 + tol

f v, d

3,d + tor , 2,d 1 + tol

f v ,d

f)
, :

f m, , d =

f m, d
2

f
f m, d
1+
tan + m, d tan 2

f
1.50 f
v, d

c,90, d

f m , , d =

f m, d
2

f m, d
f m, d

1+
tan +
tan 2
0.75 f
f

v, d

t ,90, d

,
- .

uticaji od pritiskuju e
+ k m m ,3, 0,d + m , 2,d (1 + tol )
ili zateua sile
f m ,d
f m , 2,d

uticaji od pritiskuju e m ,3, 0,d


+
+ k m m , 2,d (1 + tol )
ili zateua sile
f m ,d
f m , 2,d

uticaji od pritiskuju e
+ k m m ,3, ,d + m , 2,d (1 + tol )
ili zateua sile
f m , ,d
f m , 2,d

m , 2,d
uticaji od pritiskuju e m ,3, , d
+
+ km
(1 + tol )
ili zateua sile
f m , , d
f m, 2,d
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

890

g)

uticaji od pritiskujue
+ k m m ,3,d + m , 2,d (1 + tol )
ili zateua sile
f m ,d k r
f m , 2 ,d
i

uticaji od pritiskujue m ,3,d


+
+ k m m , 2,d (1 + tol )
ili zateua sile
f m ,d k r
f m , 2 ,d

3 ( )
:

m , 3, d = k l
k1 = 1

M3
W3

k 2 = 0.35

k 3 = 0 .6
2

k4 = 0
3

h
h
h
h
h
kl = k1 + k 2 + k3 + k 4 = 1 + 0.35 + 0.6
r
r
r
r
r

kr - :

rin
240
kr = 1
t

rin
r
< 240
kr = 0.76 + 0.001 in
t
t


,
:

t ,3,90,d
V
k dis 0
V

1 + tol

0 .2

f t ,90,d

kdis -
1.4

t ,3,90,d = k p

M3
W3

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

891
V0 - 0.01
V - , V=2/3 Vb
Vb - (

)

k 6 = 0.25

h
h
k p = k6 = 0.25
r
r
h)
:

uticaji od pritiskujue
+ k m m ,3,0,d + m , 2,d (1 + tol )
ili zateua sile
f m ,d k r
f m , 2 ,d

uticaji od pritiskujue m ,3, 0,d


+
+ k m m , 2,d (1 + tol )
ili zateua sile
f m ,d k r
f m , 2 ,d

uticaji od pritiskujue
+ k m m ,3, ,d + m , 2,d (1 + tol )
ili zateua sile
f m , ,d k r
f m , 2 ,d

uticaji od pritiskujue m ,3, ,d


+
+ k m m , 2,d (1 + tol )
ili zateua sile
f m , ,d k r
f m , 2 ,d

( )
:

m,3, 0, d = kl (1 + 4tg 2 )

6M 3
bh 2

m,3, , d = kl (1 + 4tg 2 )

5M 3
bh 2

kr - .
Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

892

rin
240
kr = 1
t

rin
r
< 240
kr = 0.76 + 0.001 in
t
t

, :

f m, ,d =

f m,d
f m,d
f c ,90,d

sin 2 + cos 2

f m , ,d =

f m ,d
f m,d
sin 2 + cos 2
f t ,90,d

kl :
2

h
h
h
kl = k1 + k2 + k3 + k4
r
r
r
2
k1 = 1 + 1.4tg + 5.4tg
k 2 = 0.35 8tg

k 3 = 0.6 + 8.3tg 7.8tg 2


k 4 = 6tg 2

,
:

t ,3,90,d
V
k dis 0
V

1 + tol

0 .2

f t ,90,d

kdis -
1.4
V0 - 0.01
V
- , V=2/3 Vb

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

893
Vb - (

)

t ,3,90,d = k p

M3
W3

h
h
k p = k5 + k 6 + k 7
r
r
k5 = 0.2tg

k6 = 0.25 1.5tg + 2.6tg 2


k7 = 2.1tg 4tg 2
i)

.
:

m , 3, d
kkrit f m, d

1 + tol

f m ,k

rel ,m =

m ,crit

m ,crit =

M 3,crit E0, 05 I 2G0, 05 I tor


=
W3
ef W3

rel,m kkrit

rel,m 0.75
0.75 < rel,m 1.40
1.40 < rel,m

E0,05
G0,05
Itor

- 5% E
- 5%
-

ef

kkrit = 1
kkrit = 1.56 - 0.75 rel,m
kkrit = 1/rel,m2

- 2

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

894

11.5

, ,
, .. .

, ,

. , ,
1.00,
> 1.00,
< 1.00. , > 1.00,
, ,
.
,
:
<0 .> - (<>/ .. ):

.

-a

-a ,
, ,
(), .
-a
.
scroll , PgUp,
PgDn, , ,
. ,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

895
, ,
. ,
,
-
.

. ,
.
, ,
,
, ,
-, , .
,
,
, .

, ,
, ,
, . , ,

,
.
. ,

-
.
,
, ,
. ,

, ,
, ,
.
, .
, .
, ,
.
.

.
,

.
.



.
,
,
, ,
.
..., ,
,

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

896
, ,
, .

... ( )
:

DIN.

11.6


,
. ,
, .
<0 .> - (//////<>):

. ,

.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

897

-a

, ,
.
,
.
,
.

11.7

,
, ,

, ,
. - ,

. ,
.
<0 .> , (<>):
,
, .
:
-a,
.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

898

-a

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

899

11.8

.

.


, ,
,
,
.
.
,
,
.

2 .

() .

.

:
<0 .> (<K>):

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158

900
.
,
.

.
.


.

Copyright (c) Radimpex * http://www.radimpex.rs * e-mail: info@radimpex.rs * Tel. 011 3809-158