Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 34

2

:
;
,
: ,


, ,

..2
..4
5
1. 5
1.1. , . 5
1.2. ..8
1.3. ....11
1.4. - ..14
1.5. ....15
1.6. ..20
1.7. ...20
1.8. 23
2. 24
2.1. . 24
2.2. .25
2.3. .28
2.4. 29
2.5. 33
34
35

4

: CMA CGM KALAMATA.,
: , 2917 TEU
:SXXH
: 1991 .,,
: ,
:
: 37134 . .
: 15000 . .
: 242,81 .
: 32,20 .
: 19,0 .
: Sulzer 7RTA84.
: 33250 ..
: 21,0 .
:
: Holla, 7,425 .
: Holla, 7,425 .
: Holla,7,425 .
: MITSUBUSHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES 2Ram, 4cylinder, DFT-170 .
: Kocks 1906/CEH5512/17.

: TOKYO KEIKI TMC-1
: TOKIMEC, PR 7000.
: - ATLAS, DOLOG
():
1)S-band radar - Atlas 8600 ARPA
2)x-band radar Decca Bridge Master
: Krupp 481
: TOKIMEC, PR 700
-: JRC JHS-32A(2 .)
SATCOM-B: JRC JUE 75A.
SATCOM-C: . JRC JUE 32A

: 2 . 28 .
:
-2 . 16 ,
-2 . 12
-1 . 6 .
: GRAVITY LE65 1.
: 14 .


.
,
, .
,
.

,
,
,
. ,
, ,
, , ,
- , ,
.

,
, .
1.
,
, ,
(Admiralty Catalogue of Charts and
Publications). 8- : 7 ,
,
.
:
,
;
, ;
,
, 7 ,
,
. :
.
, ( ) ;
, 3- : ) ,
; ) , ; )
(.. 2- );
;
,
;
.
,
( Vancouver) (Shanghai) :

6
1.1. -

, 1:

1-

10,000,000
10,000,000

Feb 1985

Aug 2003

10,000,000

Sept 1987

Aug 2003

3,500,000

May 1982

July 2003

3,500,000

May 1982

July 2003

Hawaiian Islands to Minami


3,500,000
Tori Shima

July 1983

Nov 2003

3,500,000
3,500,000

Mar 1980
Mar 1980

Feb 2003
Feb 2003

1,500,000

May 1987

1,500,000

Aug 1985

Mar 1992

10,000
6,000

Feb 2001

Feb 2001

July 2003

June 2005


North Pacific Ocean North
4050
Eastern Part
Bering Sea
North Pacific Ocean North
4053
Western Part
San Francisco and Vancou4806
ver Island to Mendocino
Fracture zone
Hawaiian Islands to the
4805
Aleutian Trench
4521
4510
4509

Easern Portion of Japan

Western Portion of Japan


Southern Japan and adjacent
2347
Seas
2412
East China Sea

Vancouver Harbour Eastern Portion/Partie Cenrale
4964
Second Narrows
4963
4962
4956
4960
4951
80
4950
4947
4945
3237
1199

Vancouver Harbour Cen- 10,000


tral Portion/Partie Quest
Approaches to/Approaches a
25,000
Vancouver Harbour
Thesis Island to/a Nanaimo
40,000
Roberts Bank
20,000
Juan de Fuca Strait to/a Strait
of Georgia
80,000
Rosario Strait
50,000
Juan de Fuca Strait Eastern
Portion/Partie Est
80,000
Juan de Fuca Strait
110,000
Approaches to/Approaches a
Juan de Fuca Strait
Anami-o Shima to Kagoshima Wan
Ningbo Gang to Changjiang
Kou

Sep 2001
July 2003
Feb 2003
Mar 1995
Feb 2003

Mar 2005
Mar 2005
May 2005
Feb 2003
May 2005

Feb 2003

300,000

Aug.1972

Feb 2003

500,000

Jan 1984

Feb 1987

300,000
60,000

Nov 1984

June 1998

7
Luhyadao Anchorage
Outer
Approaches
to
130,000
Dec 1980
Shanghai
Inner
Approaches
to
1603
60,000
July 1982
Shanghai


5127(2)
February
20,000,000
Feb 2005

5097
North Pacific
26,500,000
June 1914

North Pacific Ocean EastB 6967
17,500,000
Dec 1936
ern Sheet
1602

B 6964

North West Pacific Ocean

5377

12,500,000

Sept 1944

, 1: 1-

Magnetic Variation,2005 and
Annul rates of Change
20,000,000
May 2005
North Pacific Ocean

Jul 2006
Jul 2006

Aug 1979
May 1978

:
1.2. -

25
British Columbia Pilot,Vol. I (12th 2004)
8
Pacific Coasts of Central America and United States Pilot (10th 2004)
62
Pacific Islands Pilot, Vol. II (11th 2006)
42A
Japan Pilot,Vol IV(7th 1979)
32
China Sea Pilot,Vol. III (5 th 2004)

List of Lights Vol G:Western side of Atlantic Ocean and East Pacific Ocean from
80
Cabo Orange to Point Barrow,and Hawaiian Islands
79
List of Lights Vol F: Bay of Bengal and Pacific Ocean,north of the Equator

281(2) Volume 1Part 2, Maritime Radio Stations: The Americas,Far East and Oceania
Volume 2Radio Navigational Aids, Electronic Position Fixing Systems and Radio
282
Time Signals
Volume 3Part 1, Maritime Safety Information Services: Oceania,the Americas,
283(2)
and the Far East
284
Volume 4List of Meteorological Observation Stations
285
Volume 5Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS)
Volume 6Part 4, Pilot Services, Vessel Traffic Services and Port Operations: Asia
286(4)
and Australia

8
Volume 6 Part 5, Pilot Services, Vessel Traffic Services and Port Operations:Americas and Antarctica

350(3) Admiralty Distance Tables, Pacific Ocean
286(5)

1.2.

.
.

() .
.
,
.
2-
. (
), ,
.

.
, . . ,
.
:
,
.

,
, .

() .

. ,
,
, .
(, ,
. .) .
, ,
, .
( 2- ,
).
-
. ,
.


.

9
,
, ,
.
,
,
.

,
, ,
, ,

, .
, .
,
.
,
, .
, ,

.

, , .
, , 15 %
, , , . .
(New Edition),
.
,
( ),
.

.
,
.
,

.
. ,
,
.
,
, , ( 2-
), .

,
.
-
,
, 400 .
.
( ) -
.

10
518
, ,
, , .

(), .419(XI), .
16 NAVAREA,
, , .
1.2.
1.2.- NAVTEX/

NAVAREA region

NAVAREA XII (United States)


North Pacific(East of 180)
National Geospatial-Inteligence
Agency(NGA)

Weather Bulletin

Navigational
Warnings

Astoria [W] (U.S. Coast


Guard)
4610'N 12349'W
TELEPHONE: +3 415
6692047
FAX: +1 415 6692096
TELEX: +230 172343
AAB CG ALDA
MMSI: 003669910
NAVTEX [X] Cabo de la
Nao (38 43 'N 0 09' E)

01-30

01-30

05-30

05-30

13-30

09-30

17-30

13-30

Moji [H] (JCG MRCC)


TELEPHONE; +81 93
282583
FAX: +81 93 2825583
3844'N 911 'W
FAX: +351 217 786756
MMSI: 004310701
E-mail: kitakyitotsuunyo@kaiho.mlit.gc.jp
NAVTEX [H]

00-17

00-17

05-10

05-10

09-10

09-10

13-10

13-10

17-10

17-10

21-10

21-10

[H] Tofino 5220'N


13032'E

Attn: PVMM (Mail Stop D-44)


4600 S Rangamore Rd, Bethesda,
MD 20816-5003, USA
Telephone +1 3012273147
Fax: +1 3102273731
Telex: +230 898334 NGA USA
Easylink: MBS 62664950
Telegram: NGA NAVSAFETY
BETHSEDA MD
E-mail: navsafety@nga.mil

NAVAREA XI (Japan)
West Pacific (South of 45N)
Director, Notice to Mariners Division. Hydrografic and Oceanografic Department
Japan Coast Guard
3-1, Tsukiji 5-Chome Chuo-ku
Tokyo 104-0045 Japan

17-30
21-30

11
Telephone: +81 3 35413817
Fax: +81 35427174
E-mail: tuho@jodc.go.jp

Naha [G] (JCG MRCC)


Telephone: +81 98
9487645
FAX: +81 98 9487645
E-mail: tsushin11@kaiho.mlit.gc.jp
MMSI 004311101

01-00

01-00

05-00

05-00

09-00

09-00

13-00

13-00

17-00

17-00

21-00

21-00

1.3.
,

, .

,
.
,
,
.
. - .
,
.
, .
, ,
. ,
. NW.
10 .

46 .
. -
- , - - -, - .
. E NE.
,

.
:
, 38 .
,
.
, .
. 1215 .
. -
.
:
.

( 38 . .).

12

. (
38 . .). ,
, .
,
, ,
.
, , , .

, .
, -
.
. ,
. ,
,
.
,
.
- ,
.
, ,
-
.
,
.

, , :
1.3. -

, /c

NW,W S
5075 %

NW

,
60 %;NE
E(
)

,

95%

68

11

10
4
6

N,
NW
N(
)
7085 %

13


46

13


78


200320


1723

,
2%
5 7

4 5

85280

;
61165



78

65 150

14

22

;
12 17
1023

10

19
5 12
46
;
(
9

1719 )

, %
,

8392
5 8 ,
4070 %

,
3233

1,023 1,025
,/3

,
,

70 80

34,535,5

14 ,
7595 %;
56
2025%
34,035,0

1,022 -1,026

1,023 1,024

5 6 ,
50 70%

,..
,

1,5


2 3

1520,


,

6575

3060,
-


3
.

1020,
-
,

14

1.4. -
4 :
, ,
- , .

. Juan de
Fuca, .Victoria
.
, ,
. .
. ,
.
.
. .
. NAVAREA II,
.
.
. .
.
, .
.

. .
,
.
. .
.
- .
, .
. ,
. NP 285.
. . NAVAREA
II NAVAREA I,
,

,
.
. Pacific Ocean Region Inmarsat system.

15

-
. ,
, .
600650 .
. ,
, .
.
.
, , N
.
, .
.
, . .

. ,
. ,
, , , .
. .
1 .
- .
,
.
. .
.
NAVAREA II. .

. , -
. ,
.
. 1500
. .
, . .
, .
, .
.
. .
.
,
,
. , .
.
.
. .
.
NAVAREA II. .

.

16

1.5.
(Port of Vancouver)
. .
. 29
3 ,6 , 5 ,2
, 2 .
.
Load Line zone . 18,3 .
.
Point Atkinson Light Grey Point (4916.0'N 12316.0'W), False Creek.
Strait of Georgia Point Atkinson
Point Grey, Burrard Inlet First Narrows
(4919.0'N 12308.5'W).
. First Narrows Light
- First Narrows ,
304 - 306 . First Narrows 15
, 305 .
. 20 C, 3C. 8 .

. 100,
. - 52.4,
. .
..
350GT, Canadian general information, re Pacific Coast Pilotage.
.
.
., Vancouver
shipyards.
. .
, 100
.
HFO MGO
500 .
.
. .
14.6-62 .
,
Second Narrows.
. ,
.
. NOR
. :Cargo Declaration,Crew
List,Crew Effects Declaration,Dangeruos Goods Manifest,General Declaration,Health Declaration,Marine Declaration of Health,Money Declaration,Passanger List,Ship Store Declaration,Vacsination List.General Declaration.

17

Vancouver

Vancouver

(Vanterm)

(Westshore Terminals)
F

Burrard
Inlet
No 3
Jetty

Causeway
6

7
5

No 1
Jetty

BC Ferries Terminal
Roberts Bank

2
1

Canada
United States of America

1.1- Vanterm

(Shanghai)
. ,
. ,
. Baoshan,
Zhanghuabang, Jungonglu, Waigaoqiao, Gongqing, Gaoyang, Zhujiamen, Minshen, Xinhua,
Fuxing, Kaiping, Dongchang and Yangshan. 1202
. 537 , 21,7
TEU,55 10,5 , .
Load Line zone .
, : .
- . - 98 , -
, 500 . - Tongsha, Jiangya
Yawosha, 6 7 . ,
32.4 , - 250 . 101 Maozhu
Harbour. - 84,7 , 250 .
-
.
. .
48 24 .
Shanghai Port Pilot Station. 3103.12'N 12208.10'E.
. Chang Jiang Kou 10-14 ,
- . The Luhua
. The Changjiang River
Wusongkou Liuhekou 10-14 , . The

18
Yawosha anchorage .
Wusongkou 9-16 , .
Vessel Traffic Service. 1 ,
, .
reporting points, , .
. 4.2 , 2.1 .
3,5 .
. .
15 .
. SE NW. 1100 .
.
.
.
. . 9
10000 .
. , ,
. .
. Shanghai International 27 ,
.
.
, .
.

Shanghai
Zhanghuabang
Huangpu River

No 1

No 7
No 3

No 5

No 4

No 6
Dry
Dock

No 2

701
301

401

501

601

703

reek
ao C
Yunz

Container Yard

Changjiang River

F
Main Raw
Material Dock
Auxiliary Raw
Material Dock

Sand Prevention
Embankment

(Baoshan)

Water Granulated Slag


Dock for River Transport

Shanghai

Heavy Piece Goods Wharf

19

Steel
Product
Wharf
Slag Yard

Maintenance
Wharf

Baoshan Steel Complex

Shanghai

Baoshan

Shanghai

Racons
Dong
siadu

n
Lo
g
uB
ridg

No 8

No 7

Na
ng

Shanghai
Airport

Waigaoqiao
Harbour

1.2

No 6

No 5
Changxing
Island

Channel
Beigang

e 48
m

Shanghai

en
Jiam
l
Zhu Termina
l
Coa
g g ou
Don
Port
Tank
hi Oil al
ing S
Qi N ge Termin
Stora

Yan
gp

CHINA

Yangtze
River
No 9

el

Ri
ve
r

No 10

Gao
q
Port iao

Ch
an
n

Na
np

pu

Dinghai
Port

rf
ha
W

Hu
an
g

an
g

e4
4m

Sancha
Ca
Po ngf Port
rt an
g

u
Yo

uB
rid
g

Baoshan
Container
Terminal

al
nk
Xi rt
Po

Lupu
Bridge

Ba
Po ilia
rt njin

Shanghai
Passenger
Terminal

20
1.6.
, ,
, .
,
.
, , ,
.

,
-72
VIII -95.
.
,
() ().
, Vanterm
, NW First Narrows,

Strait of Georgia Rozario Strait. Juan de Fuca
WNtW .
30 N, 180 W. Nansei
Shoto .
,
.
.
11,1 .
.

.
, , ,
. - ,
5
.
,

.
,
.
.
, .
- ,
, .
.
1.7.

Admiralty Ocean Passages For the World.
, ,
.

21
,
,
, ,
.
,
,
,
. Juan
de fuca Strait 30 00,0' N; 180 00,0' W. 30 00,0' N; 180 00,0' W
30 00,0' N; 13213,6' E.(Nansei Shoto)
,
. .
,
, :

cos S sin 1 sin 2 cos 1 cos 2 cos 2 1 ,

(1.1)

1, 1 2, 2 .
Juan de Fuca Strait (1 = 48 30,9' N,
1 = 125 00,0' W) 30 00,0' N, 180 00,0' W
:

1.7.1
/

, .

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

48 30,9' N
48 12,6' N
46 55,8' N
44 39,8' N
41 15,3' N
36 25,9' N
30 00,0' N

125 00,0' W
130 00,0' W
140 00,0' W
150 00,0' W
160 00,0' W
170 00,0' W
180 00,0' W

265
263
256
249
241
235

200,2
411,7
439,5
483,9
549,1
632,6

Juan de Fuca Strait 30 00,0' N; 180 00,0' W


S1 = 2717 .
Juan de Fuca Strait ( 1 = 30 00,0' N,
1 = 180 00,0' W) Nansei Shoto (2 = 3000,0' N, 2 = 132 13,6' E)
:
/

, .

1
2
3
4
5

30 00,0' N
31 32,4' N
32 16,5' N
32 12,7' N
31 21,5' N

180 00,0' W
170 00,0' E
160 00,0' E
150 00,0' E
140 00,0' E

283
278
272
267

523,6
511,3
507,9
511,6

22
6

3000,0' N

132 13,6' E

261

409,2

S2 = 2463,6 .

.
S = S1 + S2 = 2717 + 2463,6 = 5191,6 .
, ,
,
1 = 48 30,9' N,1 = 125 00,0' W 2=3000,0' N,2 =
132 13,6' E. :

S 2 1 sec K ,

(1.2)

(2 1) () ,
K , :

tg K

2 1
D2 D1

(1.3)

(2 1)' () ,
D2 D1 () .
:
e
2

1 e sin
,
D 7915,704468 lg tg
4 2 1 e sin

(1.4)

.
:
1.7.2
2
48 30,9' N
1
3000,0' N
18 30,9' S
' 1110,9' S
tg K
K
K
S,

2
1

'

125 00,0' W
132 13,6' E
102 46,4' W
6166,4' W
4,27
76,8 SW
256,8
4872,9

D2
D1

3320,67
1876,86

1443,81

: 1- K , 2- .
, , ,
, :
S = S S = 4872,9 5191,6 = -318,7 ().

(1.5)

23
,
,

.

1.8.

.
. ,
,
-.
6 ,
.
. ,
. , ( . .
) .
0,5, .
, SOLAS-74,
,
. 3 (,
),
.
.
, .

24
,
,
,
.

, .
.

. ,
,
.

3 ,
.
. 0,2 ,
0,2.
.
,
,
.
.

2.

2.1.

, ,
.
,
.

. ,
,
.
:
1. .
2. .
3. ,
.
4. ,
.

25
5. ,

:
6.
2,1 e 4,7 ,
(2.1)
( = 20 ).
7. ,
.
8. , , ,
, (
, . .).
9. ,
.
10.
.
11. ,
, .
12. ,
.
13.
2.2.
,
,
.
,
, .

, ,
, .
,
.

:
2.1. ,

0
1

348

S,
,
V,
D,

UTC
, ,
14.02,
49 17,3' N 12305,6' W
12.00
14.02,
0,6
14
0 2
49 17,97' N 12325,78' W 330 0,5 Burnaby shoal Lt
12.02

26

S,
,
V,
D,

UTC
, ,
5
14.02,
1,9
21
0 7
49 18,97' N 12308,31' W 220 0,17
12.07
2
14.02,
2,5
21
0 7
4919,24' N 12312,12' W 282 2,5
12.14

302

276

266

2,6

21

0 7

14.02,
49 19,04' N 123 16,14' W 012 0,8
12.21

234

2,5

21

0 8

210

2,0

21

0 5

192

7,3

21

0 20

14.02,
49 17,29' N 123 19,23' W 143 2,7
12.29
14.02,
49 18,87' N 12320,73' W 087 3,6
12.34
14.02,
49 08,71' N 123 23,12' W 098 7,5
12.54

181

6,0

21

0 17

131

17,4

21

0 49

10 122

9,4

21

0 26

11 117

3,2

21

12 151

5,1

13 192

14.02,
49 02,75' N 123 23,24' W 079 9,5
13.12

Prospect Pt
Pt Atkinson

Pt Atkinson
Pt Grey
Pt Grey
Garry Pt
Aero RC on
Westham Island

14.02,
48 21,56' N 123 03,38' W 174 4,3
14.02
14.02,
48 46,33' N 122 51,21' W 167 1,7
14.29

Eagle Pt on Matia
Island

0 9

14.02,
48 44,88' N 122 46,95' W 024 2,8
14.38

Pt Migley on
Lummi Island

21

0 14

Lawrense Pt on
Orcas Island

2,1

21

0 6

14 206

2,4

21

0 6

15 175

6,5

21

0 18

16 194

2,3

21

0 6

14.02,
48 40,41' N 122 23,27' W
14.53
14.02,
48 38,33' N 122 43,91' W
14.59
14.02,
48 36,14' N 122 45,50' W
15.06
14.02,
48 24,64' N 12244,58' W
15.24
14.02,
48 26,93' N 122 45,44' W
15.31

17 215

3,5

21 0 10

18 238

2,4

21

0 58

278

28,1

21

1 20

293

34,0

21

1 37

19
20

14.02,
15.41
14.02,
16.39
14.02,
17.59
14.02,
19.36

223

1,5

East Pt

293 0,5

North Peapod Isle

273 1,6

Deer Pt on Orcas
Island

236 0,9

Bird Rocks

254 1,8

Cape St Mary on
Lopez Island

4824,49' N 122 48,47' W 348 0,8

Point Colville on
Lopez Island

48 13,54' N 123 14,37' W 116 6,1

Dungeness Spit

4817,46' N 123 56,09' W 007 5,3

Sheringham Pt

4830,50' N 124 43,33' W 178 7,6

Cape Flattery

27

21

S,
,
V,


UTC
, ,

21

0 31

14.02,
48 30,90' N 12500,0' W
29.08

265 200,2 21

9 31

263

21

19 37

24 256 439,8 21

20 56

25 249 484,2 21

23 03

26 241 549,1 21

26 09

27 235 632,9 21

30 08

28 283 523,6 21

24 55

29 278 511,5 21

24 11

30 272 508,3 21

24 08

31 267 511,8 21

24 22

32 261 409,3 21

19 29

33 274

21

4 39

34 280 413,7 21

19 42

15.02,
05.40
16.02,
01.17
16.02,
22.14
17.02,
21.17
18.02,
23.26
21.02,
05.37
22.02,
06.31
23.02,
06.52
24.02,
07.04
25.02,
07.27
26.01,
02.56
26.02,
07.36
27.02,
03.18
27.02,
03.26
27.02,
03.37
27.02,
04.10
27.02,
04.36
27.02,
05.22
27.02,
06.03
27.02,
06.30
27.02,
06.33

22
23

272

11,0

412,0

98

35 283

2,8

21

0 8

36 270

2,7

14

0 11

37 304

7,6

14

0 32

38 305

6,1

14

0 25

39 281

10,8

14

0 46

40 293

9,6

14

0 41

41 299

6,2

14

0 26

42 245

0,8

14

0 3

D,

126 13,7

48 12,67' N 13000,0' W

46 55,8' N 140 00,0' W

44 39,8' N 15000,0' W

41 15,3' N 16000,0' W

36 26,0' N 17000,0' W

30 00,0' N 18000,0' W

31 32,4' N

17000,0' E

32 16,5' N

16000,0' E

32 12,7' N

15000,0' E

31 21,6' N

14000,0' E

30 00,0' N

13213,6' E

30 07,6' N

13020,7' E

31 05,5' N

12224,7' E

31 06,16' N 12221,57' E

31 06,14' N 12218,39' E

31 10,39' N 12211,07' E

31 13,83' N 12205,26' E

31 15,98' N 12152, 91' E

31 19,67' N 12152,41' E

31 22,64' N 12136,13' E

31 22,30' N 12135,29' E

Cape Flattery
-

037 8,5

Kuro Saki

28
8 , .
20 19
21 .

2.3.
,
.

- .
()

. ,
,
() .

:
2.2.
,
,

14.02 06.15 07.23


15.02 05.49 07.00
16.02 05.36 06.44
17.02 05.18 06.22
18.02 05.55 06.54
19.02 05.26 06.21
21.02 05.59 06.28
22.02 05.39 06.34
23.02 05.20 05.49
24.02 06.00 06.54
25.02 05.39 06.32
26.02 06.11 22.46

,
,


114,1 17.42
104,9 17.39
096,8 17.33
087,7 17.23
078,9 18.08
073,6 17.48
087,6 18.27
099,2 18.09
109,2 17.50
114,3 18.33
113,2 18.15
106,7 17.49

,
,
,
,

250,8 18.54
10.21
7
, 02.29
256,6 18.48
11.10
8
, 03.15
268,0 18.39 12.22 10 , 04.03
279,0 18.25
13.40 11 , 04.27
286,6 19.05
15.51 12 , 05.36
288,6 18.42
16.47 13 , 05.37
275,6 19.22
18.32 14 , 06.44
267,2 19.03
19.16 15 , 06.57
258,4 18.45
20.00 16 , 07.07
251,5 19.27
19.27 17 , 08.16
249,0 19.08
22.19 18 , 08.27
253,3 18.41
22.46 19 , 08.38

, :
;
;
, ;
, ;
, ;
;

29

2.4.
, .
(Tides) (Sea Level)
,
( ).
- -

(. 1). ,
, , - .
.
,
, .
. ,
, .
2 . , ,
, - .

(.2). ,
() .
,
() .
, . 14,6 .
: , (24 50
) ; ,
; -
, .
- 18 (.
), 11-12 ( ). - 7-8 ( ) 13
( ).

. 1 .

30

. 2 .
" ".
. "" : "
", "
" " ". ""
: ", "
" ".
"" :
- ;
-
;
-, .
" "
.
- -
- ,
.
-
1-5 ( ) 0,1-8 ( ). ,
. ( -
) , .
.
,
, (Minimum Sea Level),
(Maximum Sea Level). ,
,
() Mean Sea Level. ,
, .
,, (Rated Sea Level).

, ,
(Range of the Tide),
.

31
.
. ,
, ;
.
() ()
. :
( ); ;
; ; ( ) .
,
.
, ,
- .
(Admiralty Tide Tables) 25, 26 27 2008 .
.

2.3. -
25 2008
T
H
T
03.15 3,30
10.37
26 2008
T
H
T
03.38 3,20
10.56
27 2008
T
H
T
03.59 3,10
11.18

H
0,70

T
15.20

H
3,30

T
22.35

H
0,70

H
0,80

T
15.43

H
3,11

T
22.46

H
0.70

H
0,90

T
16.04

H
2,80

T
23.08

H
0,80

32

2.1 - 25,26 27 2008 .

:
T ( );
T ( );
H
H .
, ,
. . 2.1.
2.5.


(. 2.2). 14 13.00 UTC.

33

-
.

, - Admiralty
Ocean Passages For the World. ,
, -, - .
,
- .
GPS,

34


1. .., .., . ., . - 2- ., . - .:
, 1986. - 360 .
2. . ., . - 2- ., . . - . :
, 1989 - 230 .
3. . . . - 4- ., . . - .: , - 1982. 392 .
4. : . / . . , . . , .
. ; . . . . - .: ,1986. - 539 .
5.
(-98). - .: , 1998. - 100 .

35
6. . ., . ., . . . -
. - .: , 1980 254 .
7. . // . - 1996 - 5.c.46
8. . ?
//. 1996 - 2.
9. / ../
, -1990.-71.
10. ./ .., ../ -1990.-340.
11. / ..,
../ -1983.-79.
12. ./ ../ -1986.-73.
13. ./../ -1990.62.
14. ./../ -1989.-420.
15. ./.., ../
-1986-71.
16. ./
-1981-12.
17. . /../
-1982-91.
18. ./../ -1986-82.

Оценить