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Easy English
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Easy
English


-

-
-
2007

81.2
19

19

. .
Easy English. :
. . 5-. - C-.: , . 2007. - 416 .
ISBN 978-5-94860-044-4 ()
ISBN 978-5-352-02056-2 (-)
,
. ,
, .
.
.

ISBN 978-5-94860-044-4 ()
ISBN 978-5-352-02056-2 (-)

. ., 1996, 2007
, 2007
-, 2007

Just Letters and Sounds


...................
Dad, Help Mum
, .......................
Be or not to Be?
?........................
We Are Just Fine
........................
Who Are You?
? .........................................
After Honey with a Balloon
..
Kings and Mice
..............................
A Cottage in the Country
...............................
The Sun in the Sky
...............................
There Is a Dragon across the River
.................
The Simple Present
........................
Do You Have a Car?
?.....................
I Can Ride a Donkey
................
Take Me Home
....................
How Are You Doing?
?.............................
A Birthday Present
..........
At Work and at Leisure
...............
Next Door to Each Other
.........

... 5
. 14
. 20
. 28
. 36
. 49
. 63
. 74
. 90
102
118
132
144
154
165
176
189
199
3

The Bananas or Your Life!


!...................
With Best Wishes
...
Of Teachers and Followers
.
Horror at Night
- ..............
It Is Very Unimportant
..................
One Day
-
.....................
The Simple Past
.................
A Girl Two Miles High
....
Remember or Forget
...........
A City Called London
.....
Die Like a Briton
..............
Have You Ever Seen the Rain?
- ?
Giving Evidence
........................
The Important Witness
....................
If I Were a Bear
.........
Welcome Home
..........
Grammar Section
...............................
Key
...................

207
219
230
240
254
262
273
287
296
307
316
329
340
348
357
366
376
400

Lesson One

J u s t L e tte rs and S o u n d s________________________


26 - ,
. .

The E nglish A lphabet -


Aa [ei]
Bb [bi:]
Cc [si:]
Dd [di:]
[i:]
Ff [ef]

Gg [d3 i:]
Hh [e itj]
li [a i]
Jj [d3ei]
Kk [kei]
LI [el]

Mm [em]
Nn [en]
Oo [ou]
Pp [pi:]
Qq [k j u:]
Rr [a:]

Ss [es]
Yy [w a i]
Tt [ti:]
Zz [zed]
UU [ju:]
Vv [vi:]
Ww ['dAblju:]
Xx [eks]

,
.
R : [:] (
), star [sta:] (), door [do:] (). ,
, , ,
- -
: arm [curm] (), form [fo;rm ] (,
), turn [ta:rn] ().
. Why? ,
,
:
Spell your name. - .
Spell it, please. - , .
, , , Timothy,
, , Tim, :
Tim othy - [ti:] [a i] [em] [ou ] [ti:] [e itj] [ w ai]

W ord -
Spell - ,
(spelling) ,
. .
: ['lesta].
. Where is it?
:
How do you spell it? - ?
Spell this name for us. -
.
Tim spells the name. We write it down. :
[el] [i;] [a i] [si:] [i.] [es] [ti:] [i:] [a ] - Leicester.
, - ! There are nine
letters in Leicester. ,
.
,
- .
[el] [ou] [en] [di:] [ou] [e n ]........................................
[w a i] [ou] [cu] [k e i]......................................................
[em] [ei] [en] [si:] [e itj] [i:] [es] [ti.] [i:] [cu]...........
Notes -
(Ann, Tim), (Africa, Asia),
(England, Russia), (Bristol, York),
(Pendrift), (Oxford Street), (Trafalgar Square)
(Penny Lane) .

Your D ictionary


- -,
.
.
6

please -
. :
1. ,
- I.
: pi
pa, , ph, pi. pi: place
[pleis] (), plain [p le in ] ()...
. .
pleasant ['plezant] (), pleasure
['1] () .
2. please v, pleasant . ? -
- .
noun (): v - verb (); adjective (); adv - adverb ().
,
. ,

, .
, ,
.
help 1. v . 2. ; .
fast 1. , . 2. adv .
3.
.
boy [boi]
dog [dog] n

dad [daed] n
home [houm ] n

.
p i: plural ().
clothes [klou6z] n p i
scissors ['sizazj n p i

, , , ,
,
. : sing
singular ( ). , news
[nju=z] (. sing) , .
4. ,
- , .
do [du:] v
go [gou] v

help [help] v
play [p le i] v

5. ,
,
. , letter
. :
, .
There are twenty-six letters in the English alphabet. -
.
We write and get letters. - .
6. ,
.
, - .
(,
), look [luk].
- . - .
: look after
( -), ( ). look fo r .
-
, ,
, .
I look at my sister. - .
She looks fine. - .
I look after my sister. - .
She looks fo r her doll. - .

7.
,
.
, , , London ()
['U ndan], a Leicester () ['lests]
.
,
, .
man [maen]
help [help] v

sea [si:]
room [ru m ] n

,
,
.
alphabet ['aelfsbit]
England ['irjg la n d ]
English ['iQ g lif]
tom orrow [ta'm orou]
.

. ,
- .
[:].
fis t [ f i s t ]
lid [ li d]
pot [ p o t ]

feast [fi:st] ,
lead [li:d]
port [pO;t]

,
, ,
-. , :
so [sou] adv
few [fju :]
beak [bi:k] n

do [du:] v
sew [sou] v
break [b re ik ] v

The S ounds o f E nglish


Vowels -

[ae]
[ou]
[i:]
[i]
[e]
[0]
[:]
[u]
[u:]
[]
[a:]
[a]

cat (), carry (), rat ()


harm (), far (), class ()
he (o h ), meal (), tree ()
it (oho), sit (), ticket ()
best (), mend (), pen ()
coffee (), not (), rock ()
morning (), ball (), small ()
book (), foot (), put ()
blue (), move (), soon ()
cup (), mother (), some ()
third (), work (), learn ()
teacher (), Saturday ()
Diphthongs -
( )

[ei]
[a i]
[au]
[ou]
[01]
[ia ]
[ea]
[ua]

baby (), say (), train ()


ice (), lie (), my ()
cloud (), flower (), town ()
no (), only (), road ()
coin (), noise (), boy ()
ear (yxo), dear (), here ()
air (), bear (), there ()
poor (), sure ()
Consonants -

[b]
[p]

[d]
[t]
[k]

[g ]
[v]
10

back (), husband (), rib ()


past (), open ()
day (), dark (), window ()
take (), tree (), hot ()
king (), cold (), sick ()
get (), bag (), girl ()
very (), have (), never ()

[f]
[z]
[s]
[5]
[9]
[J]
[]
[tj]
[d3 ]
[h]
[1]
[m]
[n]
[]

[r]
[w ]
[j]

fifteen (), wife (), phrase ()


zero (), maze (), rose ()
so (), basket (), city ()
this (), together (), father ()
thin (), think (), nothing ()
ship (), fish (), Russian ()
leisure (), garage (), mirage ()
chair (), each (), much ()
judge (), age (), language ()
hat (), unhappy ()
like (), pull (), jast ()
make (), meet (), summer ()
never (), line (), round ()
song (), thing (), reading ()
red (), every (), marry ()
well (), woman (), what ()
yes (), onion (), Italian ()

Notes -
1.
.
grass [grcus]
carry ['kaeri] v

bitter []
winner ['w ina] n

2. ,
. ,
rub [] []. good
[gud] [d], dog
[dog] [g].

C onversation -
.
- hello [ha'lou].
,
, .
11

Hello, boys and girls. - , .


Hello, everybody. - , .
hello
, , .
Hello, Mum. - , .
Hello, Dad. - , .
Hello, Nick! Hello, Tim! - , ! , !
hello, - ,
.
Hello! - !
Hello. - .

D iscussion -
dad [daed] mum [ ]
.
,
: Mum, Dad.
: Mummy ['] (), Daddy ['daedi ] ().
father []
() m other [ ] ().

Exercises -
Exercise 1. .
Dog, girl, go, acorn, tree, and, spell, sit, dad, conversation,
well, he, what, take, egg, make, sorry, little, big, wife, question,
word.
Exercise 2. Spell these words. -
.
Father, money, which, quarter, seem, jam, gust, peck, next,
zebra, capital.
12

Exercise 3.
,
(ABC) .
The White Queen says, I know the ABC. I can read words
of one letter.
- , ,
. - ,
, (), do (), in (), and (), but ().
, ,
, .
London is a big city. It is very old. It lies on the River
Thames. The history of London goes back to Roman times.
London has a lot of sights. There are many parks in it. London
is the capital of England. The English Queen lives in London.
The Queens name is Elizabeth.
2-letter words:..................................................................
3-letter words:..................................................................
: Queen [kw i:n], Thames
[temz], Elizabeth [i'lizabaB], Roman ['rouman], sight [sait],
many ['meni], park [pcuk].
:
capital
date
name

;
; v
; v

park
Roman
sight

Phrases -
, :
Good bye. - .
! - !
See you later. - .
See you tomorrow. - .

; v .......
; .......
; v .......

Lesson Two

Dad, H elp M um

,
- -. We
say something in English. ,
. We can say, Hello!
-.
Dad, help Mum. - , .
Nick, go fast. - , .
Tim, spell your name. - , .

Gram m ar -
,
- , .

.
Go! - ()!
Run! - ()!

Help! - ()!
! - ()!

please:
. ,
, , , ,
.
Tim, help me, please. - , , .
Boys, help me. - , .
Mr Strong, help me. - , .
.
- -.
Say it in English, Tim. - -, .
Say it in Russian. - -.
14

P ronunciation -
.
- - rhyme [ aim],
(little boy)
(little dog): , !
A little boy.
[a 'litl'b o i]
has a dog.
[hi:'haeza'dog]
says, Run! [hi:'sez'rAn]

.
.
: !

One, one, one,


Little dog, run.
One [wAn] () run [] (),
.
, ,
. ,
, , .
? ,
, ,
acorn ['eiko:n] ().
, , (, ), we (), he (), she ().
[i:],
[mi:], [wi:], [hi:], [Ji:].
: go (), ().
, , [ou],
: [gou], [].
take, like, home ,
. : [teik],
[la ik], [houm].
,
, .
.
cat [kaet] -
cup [] -
but [bAt] -

him [h im ] - ,
lock [lo k ] -
bed [bed] -
15

,
[ei]: say [sei], take [teik], lake [leik], maze [meiz].
[]:
cat [kset], hat [haet], daddy ['daedi], battery ['baetari].
E [i:]: me
[mi:], these [5i:z], meter ['mi:ta], see [si:], delete [d i'li:t],
[]: pen [pen], letter ['leta],
nest [nest], yellow [jelou].
I [ai]: ice [ais],
nice [nais], ride [ra id ], drive [d ra iv],
[i]: big [b ig ], lid [lid ],
his [hiz], sitting [sitirj] [ou]: go [gou],
home [houm], tone [toun], alone [a'loun].
- []: dog [dog], lottery ['lo ta ri],
pot [pot], on [on].
U , [ju:]: use [ju:z], mule [m ju:l], refuse [ri'fju :z ].
- []: bus [bAs], Russian [' |],
cut [kAt], nut [nAt],
Y [w a i]
[ai]: by [bai], my [m ai], rhyme [raim ], dynamo ['dainamou].
[i]: hymn [him ], gym [d 3 im],
rhythm [ri6m ].
, .
, , ,
, [a]: father
['fa:6a] - ; collar ['kola] - ; m other [ ] ; famous ['feimas] - ; minus ['m ainas] -
; teacher ['ti:tja ] - ; neighbour ['neiba] - .
.
, .
button [bAtn] -
reason [ri:zn] -
16

season [si:zn] -
sudden fsAdn] -

Gram m ar -
, , -. We
want to speak, read and write in English.
. , , , .
, , do (), (), get ().
: like [la ik ] - ; see
[si:] - ; take [te ik ] - .
.
- : ,
, , , ... - -
.
I see a ball. - .
You see a ball. - .
sees a ball. - .
She sees a ball. - .
We see a ball. - .
You see a ball. - .
They see a ball. - .
: -
see he () she (),
,
-s. :
helps his mother. - .
She takes . - .

Question -
1. , , ...
: you [ju:] ().

, , , .
. The English are very polite.
17

2.
, - he, - she.
?
: It. ,
-. , ,
- - ,
, it!
I have . - .
It goes fast. - .
We see a train. - .
It goes fast. - .
Take this apple. - .
It is nice. - .
Tim has a dog. - .
It is big. - .

Phrases -

. :
I see Dad. - .
Dad sees Mum. - .
helps Mum. - .
I take a ball. - .
I like English. - .
We go home. - ,
We see Tim. - .
Hello, Tim. - , .
Tim, take this apple. - , .
Tim takes it. - .

Exercises -
Exercise 1. - ,
.
Ale, bat, dust, dyke, hide, hit, home, hut, kite, lake, mule,
me, poke, red, spike, tile.
18

Exercise 2. : , [ei], [].


,
.
a. , , black, lady, cake, hatter, hate, later, sad,
same, mad, baker, bank, pale, ham, lame, ladder, gate, marry,
snake, carry, fate, spanner.
b. Pot, rope, hope, nod, note, close, hotter, lobby, token,
spoken, pole, pond, zone, sorry.
Exercise 3. Say in English. - -.
, , , , , ,
, , , , .
Exercise 4. Say in Russian. - -.
, take, one, ball, alphabet, fast, train, get, we, lid, please,
you, spell.
Exercise 5.
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

I see (). () helps Dad.


I () my dog. It is ().
(), run fast! () home.
Tim lives in (). It is in ().
This city is ().
I see Tim and he () me.
Tim () his bag and he goes ().
He says, ( ). We say, ( ).

Lesson Three

To Be o r n o t to Be_____________________________


Pronunciation -
.
-
, , , .
-
. -
. , [i] [i:].
[i] it, sit, shilling, ticket, bitter, sitter, hit, did, lid
[i:] tree, he, meat, seed, lead, read, see, sea, deed, eat
,
:
- [i:].
: there are twenty-six letters in English.
, .
, ... she [Ji:]
() , cheese [tfi:z] ()
. , ,
, , , she
cheese. ,
?

. :
Say cheese! - cheese!
cheese [tjirz]. ,
.
. . Lets smile.
20

ch
sh
th

[tn
m
[ e]

ng
ck
ph

[i
[0]
[k]
[f]

children (), which ()


ship (), fish ()
thing (), both ()
this (), with (c)
song (), singing ()
stick (), stocking ()
phone (), elephant ()

, , .
, [s], []. G
] [g]. ,
, ,
:
[s] , i, : centre ['senta]
- ; city ['s iti] - ; cypress ['s a ip ris ] - .
[k]: carpet ['kcupit] ; coffee ['k o fi] - ; cut [kAt] - ; act [aekt] ; m usic ['m ju :zik] - .
G [], ,
, i, : geometry [d3 i'o m itri] - ; giant
[rd3 aiant] - ; gym [d3 im ] - .
[g]: get [g e t] ; g irl [gs:l] - ; give [g iv ] - .
, , ,
G [g]: garden ['gcudn] - ; good [gud]
- ; gun [gAn] - ; grow [grou] - ; big
[b ig ] - .
. . Lets talk
about Shakespeare. . Lets talk
about Hamlet.
: ? : be
or not to be?
21

.
, be ().

Gram m ar -
: - , - ...
: ,
, , ,
...
be: am [aem], are [cu], is [iz]. : , ...
,
.

The Present -
The Singular -
I am a teacher.
You are a boy.
Tim is English.
Jane is English.
A tree is high.

.
.
.
.
.

The Plural -
We are Russian.
You are Russian.
They are English.

.
.
.

.
be to,
: ,
?
.
Lets write a few English verbs. to
[],
.
, to [tu].

22

to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to
to

cook [ta'kuk] - ()
come [ts'kAm ] - ,
have [ta'haev] -
read [ta 'ri:d ] -
say [ta'sei] - ,
take [ta'te ik] -
want [ta'w o n t] -
eat [tu 'i:t] - ()
open [tu'oupan] -

Phrases -
,
. Lets make a few sentences.
I want to eat. - .
Dad wants to eat, too. - .
We help Mum to cook. - .
Tim comes to say hello. - .
I want to have new friends. - .
We like to read. - .
She wants to take her hat. - .
I want to open the window. - .

Gram m ar -
?
:
not [not],
. ,
:
go or not to ? - ? ( .)
eat or not to eat? - ? ( .)
say or not to say? - ?
( .)
have or not to have? - ? (
, .)

23

not
. , , ,
, old [ould] (, , );
young [jAo] (, , ); high [h a i] (
, , ) English
Russian.
N egation -
The Singular -
1 am not English.
1 am not young.
You are not English.
You are not old.
Tim is not Russian.
+He is not old.
Jane is not Russian.
She is not old.
The tree is not high.
It is not old.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

The Plural -
We are not young.
You are not old.
They are not high.

.
.
.

W ord -
how [hau] ().
.
How are you? - ()?
How are things? - ?
How .

.
24

I see how Mum cooks. I see how Dad helps her. She sees how he runs. We see how flowers grow.

, .
, .
, .
- , .

Phrases -
and ().
. And [and]
.
Bread and butter.
Tea and milk.
Sing and dance.
Come and see.
Wait and see.
Two and two.

['bredsnd'bAta]
['tb s n d 'm ilk ]
['sig9nd'da:ns]
I'kAm snd'si:]
f'w e ita n d'si:]
['tu :a n d'tu ;]

.
.
.
.
.
.

Translation -
and .
and .
I help Mum and Dad. - .
We see Tim and Ann. - .
is big and she is little. - , .
I like bread and butter. - .
Tim likes fish and chips. -
.

C onversation -
,
.
Tim:
Ann:
Tim:
Ann:

Hello, Ann.
Hello, Tim. How are you?
I am fine. And you?
I am fine.
25

fine [fa in ] (
, ). I am fine
,
, .
Tim:
Ann:
Tim:
Ann:

How is your sister?


She is all right.
And how are your cats and dogs?
They are OK.

, .
, ,
fine all right ['o rl'ra it] (
, ). OK [ou'kei]
: .
Tim: How are your Mum and Dad?
Ann: They are OK.

, That is all,
.
That is all. - () .
That is all for today. - .

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Read these words. - .
Lick, song, thing, photo, chip, eat, ship, gem, greet, luck,
gate, cement, log, face, king, goblin, nice, carry, city, phrase,
cycle, actor, meat, face, creed.
Exercise 2. Put in the missing words. -
( be).
1. Nick ... young.
2. I ... old.
3. Ann ... English.
26

4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

You ... Russian.


They ... little.
We ... fine.
Twoand two ... four.
How ... you? - I ... fine.
How ... Tim? - He ... OK.
How ...his mum? - She ... all right.

Exercise 3. Make these sentences negative using not. ,


not.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

They are Russian.


Ann is big.
Tim is Russian.
I am little.
One and one is four.
London is little.
We are English.
A tree is red.
They are young.
That is all.

Exercise 4. Translate into English. -


.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

Lesson Four

W e A re J u s t F ine

P ronunciation -
[].
.
[u] book, cook, foot, good, look, rook
[u:] boot, cool, doom, food, goose, loose, room, root
:
.
school [sku:l]
study ['stA di] v ,
answer ['cunsa]
question ['kw e stjn ]
master ['mcusta] ,
listen ['lis n ] v
great [g re it] ,
night [n a it] n
head [hed] n ;

C onversation -
It is morning. .
. Tim greets Sam on his way to school.
Tim: Hello, Sam.
Sam: Hello, Tim. How are you?
Tim: I am fine, thank you.
The English are polite. :
thank you (),
, , thanks [Gaerjks].
28

Tim:
Ann:
Tim:
Ann:

Hello, Ann. How are things?


OK, thanks. And how are you?
Just fine. See you later.
Bye!

, I am fine fine,
just [d3Ast].
:
, .

W ord -
-, -,
just.
Just fine! - ! : !
Just great! - ! : !
Just ,
.
Just
Just
Just
Just

look! - -, !
listen! - -, !
come and see! - -, !
wait and see! - , !

Grammar -
Just listen to me. : t
listen . . The letter t is mute.
to. : , ,
.
Tim comes to me. - .
We go to school. - .
to ,
, .
29

We listen to the teacher. - .


Tim listens to music. - .
Tim speaks to me. - .
to
to. .
to , :
.
Tim likes to () listen to () music. -
.
Misha goes to () England to () study. .

D iscussion -
(teachers),
(headmaster), (his friends parents),
hello .
Good morning. - .
Good afternoon. - .
Good evening. - .
- (dawn) .
- noon [nu:n]. , after it? after + noon, afternoon
['a ft 0'nu:n] ( , ). -
evening ['irvnigj.
-: in
the morning (), in the afternoon (), in the evening
(), in the daytime ( ).
- night [ ].
, -
:
Good night. - .

30

,
. says good morning to his school teacher.
. She is Mary Green.
. She is just Mary
to her relations and friends. ,
- she
is Mrs Green.
. says hello to
the headmaster. Headmaster ['hedm astaj
head () m aster ().
. is David Brown.

, - he is Mr Brown.
Notes -

. :
Mr, Mrs : ['m ista],
['m isiz]. :
Mr Brown ['m ista ] Mr Bliss ['m ista 'b lis ]
Mrs Green ['m isiz 'g ri:n ] Mrs Baker ['m isiz 'beika]

, .
- . is Baker. is Tim Baker.
His father is Andrew ['aendru:]. He is Mr Baker. He is Mr
Andrew Baker. Tims mother is Nancy ['naensi]. She is Mrs
Baker. She is Mrs Nancy Baker. They are Mr and Mrs Baker.

C onversation -
Tim:
Mrs Green:
Tim:
Mrs Green:
Tim:

Good morning, Mrs Green.


Good morning, Tim. How are you?
I am fine.
How are Mr and Mrs Baker?
They are OK, thank you.

31

Gram m ar -
, : ?
, , ? ?
:
strong [strorj]
clever f'kleva]
s tric t [s trik t]
busy ['b iz i]

young [jAg]
kind [k a in d ]
old [o uld]
free [fri:]

.
: I am strong ( ). I am
.
are is.
Am I strong? - ?
Are you clever? - ?
Is your headmaster strict? - ?
Is Mrs Green kind? - ?
. Now in the plural.
Are we young? - ?
Are you clever? - ?
Are they old? - ?

P ronunciation -
-, "
.
Is she strict? :
,
, -
.
J ?
Is she J strict?

32

J ?
J ?
Are you J busy? Are they J kind?

, Are you busy?


yes () ().
, : , , , ...
be.
Are you busy? - ?
Yes, I am. - , ().
Are they free? - ?
Yes, they are. - , ().

be not.
Is he busy? - ?
No, he is not. - , ( ).
Is she free? - ?
No, she is not. - , ( ).

Q uotation -

. Lets read a small passage from the Childrens Bible.
. The
passage is from The Revelation to John.
The Lord God says, I am the Alpha and the Omega. I
am the One who is and was and is coming. I am the AllPowerful.
I am John, and I am your brother in Christ. We are
together in Jesus.
Notes -
1.
, be
: I am the Alpha and the
Omega; I am the One who is... be
was [wos] ().

33

2. John [!] ,
.
Jesus Christ
f'd3 i:zas'kraist].
3. -
. :
. : .
: . - ,
, , . - .
, . .
4. th []
brother [] () together [t3'ge63] (
), , , thank [0aer)k] (),
[0].
5. be
- .
Let there be light! - !
Let there be lights in the sky. - .
Gods grace be with you. -
.

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Choose the correct answer. -
.
Question:
Answer.
Question:
Answer.
Question:
Answer.
Question:
Answer.
34

Are you English?


Yes, I am/No, I am not.
Are you clever?
Yes, I am/No, I am not.
Is your Mum kind?
Yes, she is/No, she is not.
Is Tim English?
Yes, he is/No, he is not.

Question:
Answer.
Question:
Answer.
Question:
Answer.
Question:
Answer.
Question:
Answer.

Is London in England?
Yes, it is/No, it is not.
Is Mrs Green a headmaster?
Yes, she is/No, she is not.
Are we in England?
Yes, we are/No, we are not.
Is Mr Brown a teacher?
Yes, he is/No, he is not.
Are Tim and Ann in Russia?
Yes, they are/No, they are not.

Exercise 2. Put in the missing forms of the verb be.


be.
1. I ... busy.
2. We ... young and clever.
3. She ... young and kind.
4. They ... English.
5.
Tim and Tom... boys.
6. Ann and Jane ... girls.
7. Mr Brown ... a headmaster.
8. Mrs Green ...a teacher.
9.Tim and Ann ... brother and sister.
10. Mr and Mrs Baker ... Tims dad and mum.
Exercise 3. Make these sentences negative. -
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Mr Baker is Russian.
Mrs Green is strict.
We are English.
Mr Brown is young.
Mr and Mrs Baker are in Russia.
is cat in English.
Like is in Russian.
They are free in the morning.
They are busy in the afternoon.
We are in England.

Lesson Five
Who Are You?
?
P ronunciation -

ph [f] ,
.
photograph ['fo u ts g ra f] -
physics ['fiz ik s ] -
telephone [te lifo u n ] -
prophet ['p ro fit] -
w ho.
.
who [hu:] -
whom [hu:m] -
whose [hu'.z] -
whole [houl] -

wreck [re k] write [ra it] wrist [ris t] wrong [rorj] -

ow , ,
() [].
how [hau] -
town [ta u n ] -

now [] -
cow [kau] - .

bowl () snow () [].


row [rau], , ,
row [ro u ] - . bow.
bow [bau] , ,
. bow [bou] - (,
), (,
). ,
, .
36

W ord -
prophet
, ,
th is [6is] (, , ).
, :
This is a door. - .
This is a window. - .
This is a table. - .
,
.
Mum, this is Tim. - , .
Tim, this is my mother. - , .
th is ,

, .
,
, .
.
this boy -
this man -
this jam -

this girl -
this woman -
this window -

Grammar -
, -
: ? -
what [w o t] ().
What is this? - ?
This is a floor. - .
This is a wall. - .
This is a clock. - .

37

who ()
, -
, , .
Who
Who
Who
Who

is this? - ?
is he? - ?
is she? - ?
are they? - ?

, ?
: , , , .
? , .
Who are you? - ?
I am Nick. I am Nick Bulkin. - . .
Who is this boy? - ?
This is Tim Baker, my English friend. - ,
.
What who ,
.
We eat what we have. - , .
knows what is what. - , .
I know what to do. - .
Lets wait and see who comes first. -
, .
: ,
. : who makes no mistakes,
makes nothing. : ,
, .
Notes -
.
know [] -
knee [ni:] -
38

knock [] -
knife [n a if] -

Q uotation -

: ,
: ?
The people asked, Who is this man?
The crowd answered, This man is Jesus. He is the prophet
from the town of Nazareth.
ask () answer ()
: the people asked ( ),
the crowd answered ( ).

: .
Who is this man? - ?
This man is Jesus. - .
is the prophet from the town of Nazareth. -
.

Reading -
? Who are you? - , ,
, . ? Who is he? Who
are they? - .
,
- : Who am I? ,
, !
,
. Remember what happened to Alice in Wonderland?
, ...

; , hair [],
, - .
Adas hair is long. - .
Alices hair is short. - .
What colour is your hair? - ?
39

W ho Am I?
?
Dear, dear! says Alice. Everything is so strange today! I
think that I am not the same. But if I am not the same, the
next question is, who am I?
I am sure that I am not Ada, she says, her hair is long
and my hair is not. And I am not Mabel. I know a lot and she
knows so little. Besides, she is she, and I am I, and... oh,
dear, it is so strange.
Words -
strange [ s t r e i n d 3 ] - ; same [seim] - ;
if [if] - ; next [nekst] - ; sure [Jug] -
; long [lor)] - ; a lot [a'lot] - ; besides
[ bi 's aidz ] - .
Notes -
1. everything ['e vri9 ig ] every
() thing (). , ,
. so [sou] (, )
, ,
little () w ell ().
Everything is so strange. - .
London is so big. - .
Her hair is so long. - .
She knows so little. - .
I know him so well. - .
2. that [Sat] () ,
.
I think that he is right. - , .
I know that she is wrong. - , .
She says that she is Ada. - , .
I am sure that he knows her. - , .

40

3.
to ,
: today [ta'dei] (), tom orrow [ts'morou] (
), tonight [ta'nait] ( ).
I am busy today. - .
Tim comes tomorrow. - .
It is hot tonight. - .

Translation -
-
. .
, ,
- - .
. : I have a dog.
: .
: .
-
, .
.
: It is hot tonight.
: .
: .
, , : I think that I am not
the same. , :
, .
. .
, , .
, .
, dear -
. Dear, dear!
, !
, , !

41

. Consult
your dictionary. , little
.
Little Alice knows little. - .

Q uestion -
I like jam ( ).
This is a door ( ), I have a dog
( ). jam ,
door dog - - ?
: - ,
. . - .

Grammar -
:
, , : I
see you. . ,
: You see him. : .
: sees her.
. . And so on.
, - :
, , ...
.
, ,
- you.
, :
I see you [ju:]. - .
You see him [him]. - .
sees her [:]. - .
She sees us [ a s ], - .
We see you [ju:]. - .
You see them []. - .
They see me [mi:]. - .
42

. .
Take a coin or a book. . Give it to him.
to,
.
: .
, :
I take a coin. I take it. - . .
I give it to you. - .
You give it to him. - .
gives it to her. - .
She gives it to us. - .
We give it to you. - .
You give it to them. - .
They give it back to me. - .
give () show [Jou] (
) : I show it to you. You show it
to him. And so on.

Reading -
- : ,
, ,
she it.
! , Who
is this, What is this?
-
.
child [tjaild] (, ), .
,
-s: coins (), trees (
), a child children ['tjildran] ().
:
Alice ['aelis] -
Unicorn ['ju:niko:n] -
Lion ['la is n ] -
Hare [hea] -
43

C hildren are M onsters

-
Unicom:
Hare:
Unicorn:
Alice:
Hare:
Unicorn:
Alice:

What is this?
This is a child!
Is it alive? Children are fabulous monsters!
No, they are not!
It can talk.
Talk, child.
I think that you are a fabulous monster!

(Lion joins them and stares at Alice.)


Lion:
Unicorn:
Lion:
Unicorn:
Lion:

What is this?
Well, what is it, really? Now, try to guess.
Are you an animal, or a vegetable, or a mineral?
It is a fabulous monster!
Then hand round the cake, Monster.

Words -
alive [a'laiv] - ; fabulous ['faebjulas] - ; mon
ster ['monsta] - ; talk [to:k] - ,
; join [d3 oin] - ; stare [stea] -
; really ['riali] - ; try [tra i] - ;
guess [ges] - ; animal ['aenirnal] - , ;
vegetable ['ved3 itabl] - ; mineral ['mineral] - ,
; then [] - ; cake [keik] -
; hand round ['haend'raund] - .
Notes -
, ,
(fabulous),
, ,
w ell now.
1. , well - ,
. , -:

44

I know him very well. - .


does everything well. - .
She sings very well. - .
Vegetables grow well this year. -
.
well , , , .
Well, talk to him. - , .
Well, she is not Mabel. - , .
Well, take some cake. - , .

2.
now.
- , .
Now I know this word. - .
Now we know what to do. - , .
Now lets have some tea. - .
Talk to her now! - !

Now ,
, , .
Now, try to guess. - , .
Now, have some tea. - , .
Now, listen to me. - , .
-
, :
Come on now! - , !
Stop it now! - , !
- , :
Now, now! - -!
Now, what a fabulous story! - !

45

Gram m ar -
,
.
- , ,
.
. - I see a dog.
. - I eat apple.
. - takes a coin.
.
. - I look at the dog.
. - We go to school.
. - goes Into the house.
:
listen.
. - I listen to music.
. - listens to me.
, , ,
, - .
. - I ride a bicycle.
. - presses a key.
. - We join them.

Phrases -
People can talk. - .
Try to guess who she is. - , .
Who is she really? - , ?
She talks to animals. - .
Coal is a mineral. - - .
What next? - ?

46

E xercises -
Exercise 1. Translate the words in brackets. -
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

What is this? - This is ().


Who is this? - This is ( ).
Who is this man? - He is Tims ().
Who is this woman? - This is Tims ().
Who are they? - They are
( ).
Who is this girl? - She is my ( ).
What is this? - This is ().
What is this? - This is ( ).
What is this? - This is ().
What is this? - This is ( ).

Exercise 2. Make sentences with so. -


, so ().
Example: Her hair is ( ).
Her hair is so long.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Tim is ( ).
This bag is ( ).
Mr Brown is ( ).
Her mum is ( ).
This girl is ( ).
Mrs Green is ( ).
This boy is ( ).
She is ( ).
This cake is ( ).
I am ( ) today.

Exercise 3. Translate the words in brackets into English. .


Example: Alice is sure that ( ).
Alice is sure that she is not Ada.

47

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

Tim is sure that ( ).


knows that ( ).
We know that ( ).
We know that ( ).
The Lion thinks that ( - ).
I know that ( ).
Ann is sure that ( ).
This boy is sure that ( ).
He thinks that ( ).
She says that ( ).
I know that ( ).
We are sure that ( - ).
We think that ( ).
She says that ( ).

Exercise 4. Translate the words in brackets. -


.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

I know ().
You like ().
We see ().
They listen to ().
He gives an apple to ().
She shows a photograph to ().
I give a coin to ().
Teachers teach ().

Exercise 5. Say what is correct and what is wrong. , .


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Two and two is four.


London is in Russia.
Tim is English.
A lion is a vegetable.
An apple is a mineral.
Lion is in Russian.
Mrs Green is a teacher.
is today in English.

Lesson Six

After Honey with a Balloon



P ronunciation -
I II [:],
sm all [smo:l] (,
) , .
all [:1] -
ball [bo:l] -
wall [w o:l] -
hall [ho:l] -

talk [to:k] -
call [ko:l] -
fall [fo:l] -
walk [wo:k] -


, .
This man is Dob. His wife is Mob.
Mob! calls Dob. Dob! calls Mob.

D iscussion -
: ?
:
? , , :
?
What is your name? - ?
My name is Tim. - .
How old are you? - ?
I am twelve. - .
Name , ,
: I am Tim Baker.

49

? ,
firs t name ['faist'neim ],
. surname ['sa:neim];
, , name. surname
fam ily name.
. We ask Tim to answer our
questions again.
What is your first name?
It is Tim.
What is your family name?
It is Baker.

,
[' ] - ; job
; bank [baerjk]


address [a'dres] - ; number
[d3ob] - ; clerk [klcuk] - .

I come from England. - .


I live in London. - .
London is my home town. - .
My family is small. - .
We are four. - .
My father is a clerk. - .
He has a job in a bank. - .
His name is Andrew Baker. - .
We live in Park Street. - -.
We live at number 6. - .
My address is number 6, Park Street. - : ()
6, -.
, -, ,
, ,
. : Tim is from England.
, home
town, , ,
, .

50

,
. Tim answers our question about his hobby.
What is your hobby? - ?
i collect coins. - .
Hobby ['hobi ] ,
; , .
collect like.
Tim collects coins. - .
Ann collects stickers. - .
His dad likes fishing. - .
His mum likes gardening. - .

Q uotation -
, . is twelve years
old. , : is twelve.
, ,
and.
one and a half [hcuf] -
seven and a half -
one hundred ['hAndrid] and one -
two hundred and two -
,
: .
, , ,
.
Queen: How old are you?
Alice: I am just seven and a half.
Queen: And I am just one hundred and one, five months
and a day.
Alice: Oh, really?

51

Grammar -
Well, now... , - ,
door, coin, boy, animal
(the indefinite
article).
-, ?
(),
one [wAn].
, ,
.
.
a
a
a
a

name -
street -
town -
country -

a job -
a bank -
a hobby -
a clerk -

,
, [].
,
- ,
.
an
an
an
an
an

army [an'cumi ] -
egg [an'eg] -
onion [an'Anjan] -
aunt [an'cunt] -
unkle ['1] -

: -
, . ,
, unit year ,
[j], .
a
a
a
a
52

unit [a 'ju :n it] - ,


union [s'jum jan] -
youth [a'ju:0] -
year [a'ja:] -

(old),
(red)... ? : old red
,
: .
It is an old town. - .
I want a red apple. - .
,

.
,
- , .
Mum, give me an apple. - , .
Dad, buy me a computer. - , .

: ,
, , ,
...
Seven days in a week ( ).
Sixty minutes in an hour ( ).
Twelve months in a year ( ).
One hundred pence in a pound ( ).
One hundred cents in a dollar ( ).
Three feet in a yard ( ).
, ,
, : , ,
, ,
.
Give me a red apple. - .
Give me a very red juicy apple. -
.

, .
53

a
a
a
a

week minute
year child -

weeks ()
- minutes ()
years ()
children ()

Q uestion -
: Coal is a mineral.
Coal ,
?
:
, , ,
. Coal
, .
.
.
salt [so:lt] -
water ['wots] -
glass [glcus] -
fire ['fais] -

tea [ti:] -
honey [] -
air [] -
sand [saend] -

Fire is hot. - .
Sugar is sweet. - .
Gold is yellow. - .
Children drink milk. - .
We have coffee for breakfast. - .
,
. .
.
Kindness heals. - .
People need freedom. - .
Ann believes in friendship. - .
We hate greed. - .
Knowledge is power. - - .
She studies history. - .
Tim likes swimming. - .
54

tea
.
, .
I drink tea. - .
I drink strong tea. - .
I drink hot strong tea. - .
I drink very hot strong tea with milk. -
.

Grammar -
,
-
. Winnie-the-Pooh gets honey with a
balloon. honey balloon
w ith. . Lets talk about
prepositions. to,
, , .
comes to the table. - .
We go to London. - .
They go to the sea. - .
fo r [fo:], , .
- . ,
- - .
Do it for me. - .
This balloon is for him. - .
goes for his gun. - .
They come for a day. - .
She leaves for a week. - .
I can stay for a year. - .
Wait for a while. - .
for. ,
.
55

Who is the balloon for? - ?


What is the balloon for? - ?
For how long are you here? -
?
w ith [w i6 ] ().
Come with me. - .
I see a bear with a balloon. - .
carries it with pride. - .
She walks with an umbrella. - .
The boy hits the balloon with his gun. -
.
after ['cufta] (, ).
I go home after school. - .
Come after 2 oclock. - .
goes after honey. - .
Bees fly after him. - .
into ['intu) - .
You go into a room. - .
A balloon floats into the sky. - .
jumps into the river. - .
Under [4 nda] -.
sits under a tree. - .
Put this box under the bed. -
.

Reading -
Winnie-thePooh ['wini5a'pu:].
. is just Pooh to his friends.
. C hristopher
56

['k ris ta fa ] is his first name. Robin ['ro b in ] is not his sur
name. It is his second name. - .
: .
- . Alan is the
writers name. Milne is his surname.
, .
Pooh visits his friend Christopher Robin.
boy.

A B alloon and Honey


Part I
Pooh:
Boy:
Pooh:
Boy:
Pooh:
Boy:
Pooh:
Boy:
Pooh:
Boy:
Pooh:
Boy:
Pooh:
Boy:
Pooh:
Boy:

Good morning, Christopher Robin.


Good morning, Pooh.
I need a balloon.
A balloon?
Yes.
What for?
To get honey.
You get honey with a balloon?
Yes.
Well, I have a green balloon and a blue balloon.
Well, if I go after honey with a green balloon, then the
bees will think that I am a little tree.
Really?
If I have a blue balloon, they will think it is a part of
the sky...
What if they see you under the balloon?
I will try to look like a little black cloud.
Then take this blue balloon. It looks like the sky.

W ords -
visit ['vizit] - , ( -); need [ni:d]
- ; bee [bi:] - ; part [pcut] - ; green
[gri:n] - ; blue [blu:] - ; black [blaek] - ;
cloud [ kl au d] - , ; sky [skai] - .
57

Notes -
1. w ill .
The bees will think that Pooh is a tree. - ,
.
will try to look like a little black cloud. -
.
The boy will shoot the balloon. -
.
2. get ,
. get
, , .
The bear wants to get to the honey. -
.
wants to get the honey. - .
We get milk from cows. - .
3. of : - , - -. of
- .
sees a part of the sky. - .
It is a balloon of his friend Christopher. -
.
One of the balloons is blue. - .

A B alloon and Honey


Part II
Winnie-the-Pooh goes to a very muddy place, and rolls and
rolls and rolls in the mud. . Now he is
black all over! Christopher Robin blows up the balloon.
. The balloon floats into the sky.
Pooh holds on to it. .
58

Boy:
Pooh:
Boy:
Pooh:
Boy:

Fine!
I look like a black cloud in a blue sky!
Well, you look like a bear under a balloon.
Not... Not like a little black cloud in a blue sky?
No...

Words -
mud [ n u d ] - ; muddy ['mAdi] - ; place [p leis] ; roll [roul] - , ; blow [blou] - ,
; float [flout] - , ; hold [hould] ().
P hrases -
He needs a balloon. - .
What if they see him? - ?
Is it really a bear? - ?
He sees a nice place. - .
rolls in the mud. - .
is black all over. - .
Blow up a balloon for him. - .
Hold on to the balloon. - .
This balloon is like the sky. - .
It floats into the sky. - .
It looks like a cloud. - .
We read a part of the story. - .
T ra n sla tio n -
:
.
,
,
.
What is your name? - ?
How old are you? - ?;
59

I need a balloon
: . -
: .
look like
.
Well, Pooh tries to look like a black cloud.
, .
. , ,
.

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Answer the questions. - .
.
[eid 3 ] .
date of birth ['deitav'ba:] ( )
.
Your
Your
Your
Your
Your
Your
Your
Your

name:.......................................................
surname:.................................................
a g e:..........................................................
date of birth:...........................................
country:....................................................
home tow n:.............................................
address:..................................................
telephone number:..................................

Exercise 2. Put the nouns in two groups. -


: , ,
, b .
Baker ['beika] - ; blower ['bloua] - ;
bone [boun] - ; bottle ['b o tl] - ; carpenter
['kcupinta] - ; cup [] - ; farmer ['fcuma] ; field [fid d ] - ; fish [ f ij] - ; flour ['flaua] ; goldsmith ['gouldsm iQ ] - ; grass [grcus] -

60

; hatred ['h e itrid ] - ; horse [ho:s] - ;


ink [ig k] - ; love [Iav] - ; meat [m i:t] ; orange ['orind 3 ] - ; paper ['peipa] - ;
petrol ['p e tra lj - ; piano ['pjaenou] - ; piece
[pi:s] - ; ring [rig ] - ; snow [snou] - ; soup
[su:p] - ; spoon [spu:n] - ; sugar ['Juga] - ;
sweater f'sweta] - ; tail [te il] - ; tiger ['ta ig a ] ; window ['w indou] - ; wood [w u d ] - ;
wool [w u l] - .
Exercise 3. Put in a (or an) where necessary. -
( an), .
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.

Children drink ... coffee with ... milk.


... cow eats ... grass in ... field.
... cat has ... long tail.
... dog likes ... meat and ... bones.
... snow is white and soft.
... fish swims in ... water.
I write ... letter on ... paper in ... ink.
... piano makes ... music.
He writes about ... love and ... hatred.
... orange grows on ... tree.
... car runs on ... petrol.
... sugar is nice in ... cup of ... tea.
We eat ... soup with ... spoon.
We cut ... bread with ... knife.
... horse is ... domestic anjmal.
... school has ... headmaster.
... tiger is ... wild animal.
He likes ... jam on ... piece of ... bread.

Exercise 4. Put in a (or an) where necessary. -


( an), .
2.

61

(
, , ).
, , ,
from ().
We make cheese from milk. - .
We make bread from flour. - .
- ,
- , , -
of.
Builders make walls of stone, brick or concrete. -
, .
They make panels of concrete. -
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

... goldsmith makes ... ring of ... gold or ... silver.


... mother makes ... sweater of ... wool.
. . . baker makes ... bread from ... flour.
... carpenter makes ... table of .. wood.
... farmer makes ... butter from ... milk.
... blower makes ... bottle of ... glass.

Lesson Seven

K in g s a n d M ice


P ro n u n c ia tio n -
-
: . . ...
-: A cat. A good cat...
- . -
.
. ('),
: .
A 'cat. A 'good 'cat. A 'very 'good 'big 'cat.
A 'boy. A 'little 'boy. A 'little 'English 'boy.
An 'apple. A 'big 'red 'apple. A 'big 'red 'juicy 'apple.
D iscu ssio n -
. Lets talk about
kings and mice. ? Why?
Well, because Great Britain is a kingdom. ,
- .

. Its official name is the United Kingdom of Great Britain
and Northern Ireland.
So, the English have a king? - , ?
No, they have a queen now. - , .
A king rules a kingdom. - .
is a ruler. - .
A king is a man. - - .
A queen is a woman. - - .
She is a woman ruler. - -.
63

What is the queens name? - ?


Her name is Elizabeth [i'lizabaB]. She is Elizabeth the
Second. - . - .
. There is one
ruler in England. , , .
There are many mice there.
- many f'meni]. many
.
a lo t (, , ),

- . A lo t
of.
Tim has a lot of books. - .
Ann drinks a lot of milk. - .
They eat a lot of vegetables. - .
gets a lot of money. - .
She knows a lot of words. - .
, ,
, .
, , ,
, , .
is as quiet as a mouse. - , .
There is neither man nor mouse there. - ,
.
- king, man, mouse ...
.

Gram m ar -
:
-s ( -es)
, ... And so on.
64

a king - kings ()
a queen - queens ()
an animal - animals ()
an apple - apples ()
, ,
. ,

, .
two (three, four) kings - (, )
five (six, seven) apples - (, )
-s [s].
cats [kaets] -
socks [soks] -
myths [m i0s] -

cups [kAps] -
cliffs [k lifs ] -

-s [z].
cars [kcuz] -
bees [bi:z] -
doors [do:z] -
shoes [Ju:z] -
cows [kauz] -

ribs [rib z ] -
gods [godz] -
walls [w o:lz] -
rooms [ru m z] -
sons [sAnz] -

-s, a -es. ,
, ,
[s] [z], - - . -es
[iz].
a
a
a
a

glass [glous] - glasses ['glcusiz] ()


bush [b u j] - bushes ['b u jiz ] ()
match [maetj] - matches [maetjiz] ()
badge [baed3 ] - badges ['baed3 iz] ()
65

-,
-ies.
a fly [fla i] - flies [fla iz ] ()
a body f'bodi] - bodies ['bodiz] ()
a city ['s iti] - cities ['s itiz ] ()
an army ['cumi] - armies [cumiz] ()
,
f ( fe), f v.
a
a
a
a

wolf [w u lf]
life [la if] knife [n a if]
wife [w a if]

- wolves [w u lv z ] ()
lives [la iv z ] ()
- knives [n a ivz] ()
- wives [w a ivz] ()

Reading -
,
. : daughter ['do:ta]
- ; collar ['kols] - ; furniture ['fa:nitja] ; novel ['n o v l] - ; watch [w o tf] -
; sharp [Jcup] - .
, furniture .

? a piece of furniture
pieces of furniture
.

Of R ulers and Insects


Kings are rulers. Queens are their wives. They have sons
and daughters. Girls like dresses. Boys drive cars and ride
horses.
Horses are animals. Cats have long tails. Dogs eat bones.
Flies are small insects. Birds live in trees.
66

Novels are books. Boots are heavy shoes. Watches are


small clocks. Rooms have windows. Tables are pieces of
furniture. Tables and chairs have legs. Dolls are toys. Coats
have collars. Roses are nice flowers. Stockings are long
socks. Cabbages are vegetables. Knives are sharp instruments.
Oranges look like tennis balls.

Grammar -
-,
, ,
. , .
man (), mouse (),
tooth (): ,
, ,
.
-
, .
man [maen] (, )
men [men] (, )
woman ['wuman] ()
women ['wimin] ()
child [tjaild] ()
children ['tjildran] ()
foot [fut] (, )
feet [fi:t] (, )
tooth [tu:0] ()
teeth [ti:0] ()
goose [gu:s] ()
geese [gi:s] ()
mouse [maus] ()
mice [m ais] ()

67

W ord -
man - ,
, ,
. , ,
.
Every man needs food. - .
is a good man. - .
is a man of action. - .
They want only men for this job. -
.
Be a man! - !
Man ,
gentleman (). ,
man, -s
: gentlemen ().
, , ,
.
a policeman - policemen ()
a sportsman - sportsmen ()
a postman - postmen ()
a boatman - boatmen ()
a fisherman - fishermen ()
a chairman - chairmen ()
an Englishman - Englishmen ()
an Irishman - Irishmen ()
woman,
, Englishwoman ();
Englishwomen ().
man and w ife .
- .
- , - .
man - .

68

D iscussion -
. Lets have a break.
: sandwiches
I'saenwid3 iz] - ; sweets [swi:ts] - ,
; biscuits ['biskits] - .

. Who are they? They are three little
ghosts. G host [goust] is in Russian.
? What are they doing? ,
. Post [poust]
;
post (), postman (
).
Butter ()
. buttered ['bAtsd] -
.
Three little ghosts
Are sitting on posts
Eating buttered toasts.
-ing? ,
, .
, -ed,
: asked [a:skt] - ; shaved [Jeivd] ; shivered ['fivad] - .
,
. .
.
Sam shaved seven shy sheep.
Seven shaved sheep shivered shyly.

, sheep [Ji:p]
.
.

69

? :
: a sheep ().
: sheep (), many
sheep ( ), seven sheep ( ).

Grammar -

, ,
, this (),
these [6i:z] ().
this king
this man

( )
( )

these kings ( )
these men ( )

This these ,
, here [] ().
Look at this table. - .
It is here in the room. - .
These chairs are here, too. - .
They are here in this room. - .
that ().
those [6ouz] ().
that post( )
that sheep ( )

those posts ( )
those sheep ( )

That those
, , there [] ().
Look at that post. - .
It is there in the field. - .
Look at those sheep. - .
They are in that field, too. - .
That balloon in the sky looks like a small cloud. -
.

70

Q uestion -
: glass
. ,
. We make bottles of glass.
glass ...
: . glass - ,
,
- (spectacles),
(window panes), (bulbs).
glass
- .
A bottle is made of glass. - .
Give me a glass of milk. - .

Exercises -
Exercise 1. -
. :
. :
. ,
... ,
:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

one [wAn]
two [tu:]
three [0ri.]
four [fo:]
five [faiv]

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

six [siks]
seven ['sevan]
eight [eit]
nine [nain]
ten [ten]

, man -
[], .
men [],
.

mow [mou] () meadow ['medou] ().

71

One man goes to mow, goes to mow a meadow.


One man, one man and his dog goes to mow a meadow.
Two men go to mow, go to mow a meadow.
Two men, one man and his dog go to mow a meadow.
Three men go to mow, go to mow a meadow.
Three men, two men, one man and his dog go to mow a
meadow...
. And so on.
Exercise 2. Translate into English. - .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

Exercise 3. Put the sentences in the plural. -


. ,
.
Example: A mouse is an animal.
Mice are animals.
A cat sees a mouse.
Cats see mice.
1. A king is a ruler.
2. A woman has a son and a daughter.
3. A girl likes a dress.
72

4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A

boy drives a car.


cow is an animal.
dog eats a bone.
fly is an insect.
bird lives in a tree.
novel is a book.
watch is a small clock.
room has a window.
doll is a toy.
coat has a collar.
rose is a nice flower.
stocking is a long sock.

Exercise 4. Put the sentences in the plural. -


.
Example: This boy is English.
These boys are English.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

This bottle is green.


This knife is sharp.
This policeman is strict.
This woman is a queen.
This thing is an instrument.
That apple is on a tree.
That horse is in a field.
That vegetable is a cabbage.
Look at that man.
That man is a teacher.

Lesson Eight

A C o tta g e in th e C o u n try


P ronunciation -
,
. . The first man had a
dog. firs t (), second () third ()
one, two three. th ird
:
-th .

, , five, fifth .
one [wAn]
two [tu:]
three [ 0 r i:]
four [fo:]
five [fa iv ]
six [siks]
seven ['sevan]
eight [eit]
nine [n a in ]
ten [ten]

1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
6th
7th
8th
9th
10th

first [fa:st] -
second ['sekand] -
third [9a:d] -
fourth [fo:0] -
fifth [ 9 ] -
sixth [siks0] -
seventh ['sevan0] -
eighth [eit0] -
ninth [n a in 9 ] -
tenth [ten0] -

? sixth, ?
: [k], [s], [0]. ,
: [ks], [0]. : [k] [s0], : [ks0].

, .
Six sick sheep.
['siks 'sik 'Ji:p]
The sixth sick sheep shivers shyly.
[ 'siks0 'sik 'Ji:p 'Jivaz 'jaili]
74

sheep ,
, ship (). shyly ()
: ['jailij.

D iscussion -
. .
city,
town.
, , ,
.
Blisland is a town. - - () .
London is a city. - - () .
Moscow is the biggest Russian city. - -
.

(cows), (horses) (dogs).
, -
. ? Why? ,
.
- village ['vilid3 ].
, , ,
the country [']. Country
.
Russia is a big country. - .
What country are you from? - ?
?
. ,
country the.
Mr Baker lives in a city. - .
His sister lives in a village. - .
She likes to live in the country. -
. : .
75


. This story is about three city boys.
. They go to the country.
. They go for a walk in the country.
Go ,
,
.
I go along the street. - .
They go to London. - .
This train goes to York. - .
It goes fast. - .
walk - .
, , .
Tim walks a lot. - .
never goes by bus, he walks to school. -
. , .
Never walk across the street if the light is red. -
, .
Lets go for a walk in the park. -
.

Reading -
, w alk ,
. ,

.
c ity () boy (),
city boy ( ). M ilk ()
bottle () a m ilk bottle ( ).
: a stone w all ( ), a brick
house ( ), a paper bag ( ),
London street ( ), country life (
, ).

76

A Cows Nest


Three city boys go for a walk in the country. They walk
along a path. They cross a field and see a farm. Some cows
are in a meadow near the farm. One of the boys sees a pile
of empty milk bottles. He yells to his friends, Come quick!
Here is a cows nest.
W ords -
path [pcuG] - ; cross [k ro s] - ,
; farm [fcum] - ; some [ saiti] - ; near
[nia] - , ; pile [p a il] - ; empty ['em p ti]
- ; yell [jel] - , ; quick [kw ik] ; nest [n e st] - .

Gram m ar -
(country path)
(farm).
. ... have [haev]
().
I have a flat. - .
We have a small family. - .
You have a house. - () .
They have a house in the country and a flat in the city. .
have.
, he (), she (), it ()
has [haez].
A farmer has a horse. - .
His wife has a cat. - .
A cat has four legs. It has a long tail. -
. .

77

Q uestion -
, : ,
- , , - it ().
A cat is a small animal. - .
It catches mice. - .
Many people keep it as a pet. -
.
,
(your pet),
, he she,
, .
: -
she. - ,
she. !

Grammar -
: ,
... ,
,
(, , ) : grandm other
['graendmASa] - ; grandfather ['graendfcuSa] ; niece [ni:s] - ; nephew ['nevju:] ; cousin ['] - .
:
- , ,
, ,
.
.
your [jo;]
her [ha:]
our [']
their []

78

your uncle [jo:r4r)kl] -


her aunt [hair'cunt] -
our uncles [auar'AQklz] -
their aunts [Sear'cunts] -

The Singular -
I have a sister. - .
It is my sister. - .
You have a brother. - .
It is your brother. - .
Tim has an aunt. - .
It is his aunt. - .
His aunt has a daughter. - .
It is her daughter. - .
A doll has a pretty face. - .
Look at its face. - .
The Plural -
We have two uncles. - .
They are our uncles. - .
You have two grandmothers. - .
They are your grandmothers. - .
They have three nieces. - .
I know their nieces. - .

D iscussion -
mums things, - dads
things. , ,
- () s.
, ,
, , .
a farmers dog -
Mr Bakers car -
Mrs Greens class -
this mans wife -
: farm ers, boys, girls,
students. -s ,
.

79

farmers fields -
boys shoes -
girls dolls -
students hostels -
- -
.
a
a
a
a

birds nest -
cats tail -
cows horn -
dogs paw -

.
,
of.
a leg of a chair -
a corner of the room -
the roof of a house -

Reading -
,
. . ,
, , , - ,
, , - Mr Smiths house, Mr
Smiths sons, Mr Smiths animals and fields.

A Farm in the C ountry


Part I
Farms are in the country. This farm is in the country, too.
This is the farmer. His name is Mr Smith. We see his house.
It is a cottage. A cottage has two floors. Most country people
in England live in cottages. Some people live in bungalows.

80

A bungalow is a house with only one floor.


The farmers sittingroom and diningroom are on the ground
floor. The kitchen is next to the diningroom. The bedrooms are
on the first floor. The bathroom is on the first floor, too. It is
next to the farmers bedroom.
City people live in flats.
Notes -
1.
the []. ,
, .
.
We see a farm. - .
The farm is big. - .
:
- , ,
. the:
, .
2. cottage ['kotid 3 ] -
, . -
- flo o r [flo:]. ,
, - ground flo o r - ,
, .
: firs t flo o r
, second flo o r - ... And so on.
Bungalow ['bAQgalou] -
, - .
3. In most English houses...
,
: , , - .
(upstairs),
, .

81

The sittingroom and the diningroom are on the ground floor.


- .
The kitchen is on the ground floor, too. -
.
The bedrooms are on the first floor. -
.
The bathroom is on the first floor, too. -
.
It is next to the bedrooms. - .
Is the hall on the first floor? - ?
No, it is not. It is on the ground floor. - .
.
4.
, fla t ()
fla t ().
,
;
flat. ,
, ,
- apartment [a'pcutmant].
,
, ,
fla t apartment,
, ,
.
a block o f flats.
My flat is in a quiet place. - .
has a flat in a suburb. - .
Tim and his family live in a block of flats. -
.

W ord -
people ['pi:pl ] .
,
. : , ...

82

. - people
.
They are city people. - .
Some people live in flats. -
.
A lot of people travel in summer. -
.
English people usually have tea for breakfast. -
.
?
man (, ).
woman, . person
['pa;sn],
man, woman, or child. To
. -
person , , , .
Every man wants to have a house. -
() .
This room is for two people. - ()
.

D iscussion -
,
, in into.
in ,
- ,
- , - .
The farmer is in his house. - .
The furniture is in the room. - .
The cows are in the field. - .

83

Smith lives in England. - .


lives in the country. - .
We see a balloon in the sky. - .
Look at the frogs in the pond. -
.
into ,
, - .
The farmer goes into his house. -
The cowherd takes the herd into the field. -
.
A balloon floats into the sky. - .
A frog jumps into the pond. - .

Reading -
A Farm in the C ountry


Part II
The farmer has a horse. He has some cows. The farmer
hires some men and women to help him on the farm. One of
the men takes care of the farmers cows. He is a cowherd. In
the morning he takes the cows out into the field. There are
fifteen cows in the herd. The farmer keeps the cows for milk.
He keeps some pigs, too.
Besides the cottage the farmer has a barn.
Cows and pigs are domestic animals. Is a dog a domestic
animal? Yes, it is. It is not a wild animal.
The farmers wife has a cat. The cat has enough food, but
it also hunts for mice. When it catches a mouse it brings it to
the farmers wife. The cat wants to show its mistress that it is
a useful animal and a good hunter.
The farmer has a family. He has a wife and two children.
They are boys. They are his sons.
84

We see a garden round the farm-house. We see some


appletrees in it. The farmer grows and sells apples. He grows
cabbages and carrots and potatoes in his garden, too.
The farmer goes about the country on horseback. One day
he rides his horse and passes a dog by the road.
Hello, says the dog.
Incredible! says the farmer. A talking dog!
Amazing! says the farmers horse.
W ords -
hire ['h aia] - ( ); fifteen ['fif'ti:n ] -
; barn [bcun] - ; pig [p ig ] - ; enough [i'nAf]
- ; food [fu:d] - ; also ['o:lsou] - ; when
[w en] - ; bring [b rig ] - ; mistress ['m is tris ] ; useful [rju :s fu l] - ; round [ra u n d ] - ;
sell [sei] - ; carrot ['kaerat] - ; potato
[p a 'te ito u ] - ; pass [ pcusj - ,
(); incredible [in 'k re d ib l] - ; talking ['to-kirj]
- ; amazing [a'm eizig ] - .
Notes -
1. cowherd ['kauha:d] ()
- cow () herd (). ,
,
- shepherd [Jepsd].
farm er (), hunter ()
rider () -.
, , , teacher (
), baker (), ruler (), carpenter (),
worker (), w riter ().
2. [] -
. take ,
, .
,
.

85

A cowherd looks after cows. -


.
A shepherd takes care of sheep. -
.
The farmer is a good rider. - .
: .
rides about the country on horseback. -
.
takes the cows out into the field. -
.
hunts on horseback. - .
sees a dog by the road. - .
His horse can talk. - .
His cat hunts for mice. - .
3.
keep [ki:p] - ,
.
Mr Smith keeps cows. - .
keeps his pigs in a pigsty. - ()
.
keeps grain in a barn. - .

, . An apple
day keeps the doctor away. ,
.

Translation -
.
incredible (
) amazing ()
. -
- ,
.
Incredible! - !
Amazing! - ! : !
86

Q uestion -
walk.
?
- , .
: , ,
, , -
, .
often comes to me. - .
Mum comes home at five oclock. -
.
A lot of children come to Tims birthday. -
.
- , , ,
.
Come
Come
Come
Come
Come
Come

here! - !
to ! - !
with ! - !
in! - !
this way! - !
and see us. - .

,
, .
Go there! - !
Go and see them. - , .
You go out of the house. - .
Tim goes to school. - .
Trains go between London and Paris. -
.

: Generations come and generations go, but the
world stays just the same.
, .
87

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Translate into English using have or has. , have has.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

Exercise 2. Translate the words in brackets into English. .


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

is () boy.
His father is () teacher.
() bus is red.
They like () life.
He gives his wife () ring.
The boy sees () bottle.
It is () bottle.
We eat an () pie.

Exercise 3. Put the sentences in the plural. -


.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
88

A dog is a domestic animal.


A potato is a vegetable.
A wife is a woman.
A wolf is a wild animal.
A room is a bedroom, a sittingroom or a diningroom.
An apple grows on a tree.
A farmer is a man who lives on a farm.
A teacher is a man or a woman.
A fly is an insect.
A dog hates a cat.

11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

A cat has a long tail.


A cowherd takes care of a cow.
He sells an apple.
A rider rides a horse.
A farmer grows a cabbage.

Exercise 4. Translate the words in brackets. -


.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

( ) is a history teacher.
( ) grows flowers and vegetables.
( ) catches mice and flies.
( ) take care of the cows.
( ) is in the fields.
I and ( ) live in Moscow.
( ) is seven years old.
( ) often come to see her.
( ) come to see us.
Is ( ) a baker?

Lesson Nine

T he S un in th e S ky


P ronunciation -
[i:]
[i]
[e]
[ae]

he, green, seed, street, three, week, meat, seat


him, hill, milk, middle, ship, spring, thing, winter
dress, let, leg, peg, second, ten, yes, head, bread
apple, cat, exam, daddy, hat, rabbit, sad, tram


the.
The farmer has a horse. - .
The farm is big. - .
The cat catches mice. - .
the [].
the floor of the room [6 ' : 6 ] -
the sun in the sky [Ss'sAninSs'skai] -
all the year ['oilSs'js:] -
[] [ i ].
the old man [5i'ould'maen] -
round the earth [raund5i'3:0] -
in the evening [in6i'i:vnig] -

Gram m ar -
the
that (, ).
: ,
- , ,
, .
90

The farmer has two sons. - (


) .
The sons help him on the farm. - (
) .
The cat catches mice. - ()
.
,
, , ...
,
, .

.
the: .
Alice sees a box. - .
The box is small. - () .
. ,
,
, -,
...
the
the
the
the
the

ceiling of the room -


middle of the hall -
other side of the street -
first turning on the right -
largest river in England -

,
. , ,
- , .
.
We see the roof of a house. - .
Tim wants to become the captain of a ship. -
.
91

D iscussion -
- -
, .
... We are following
her. , ,
, , .

D rink Me and Eat Me!

!
Alice goes into a long, low hall. In the middle of the hall she
sees a little table. -
, .
: - .
The table has three legs. The table is made of glass.
. .
, ,
.
Alice goes to the table and sees a little bottle. The bottle
has the words Drink Me on it.
, - .
, .
She takes the bottle and tastes it. The taste is very nice.
.
.
She has a strange feeling as if she is shutting up like a
telescope. - :
- ,
.
In a minute Alice is only ten inches high. ,
,
.
Then she sees a little glass box. The box is under the
table. She opens the box and finds a very small cake with the

92

words Eat Me ... -


. ,
.
,
, : ...

Gram m ar -

. ,
. , -
, , ,
.
.
The earth goes round the sun. -
.
The moon goes round the earth. -
.
Look at the sky. - .
We live in the north. - .
The sun rises in the east. - .
It sets in the west. - .
It is warm in the south. - .

Reading -

.
. Mr Bliss lives in a house on a hill.
. He wears a tophat.
. has
a pet, an animal with a very long neck. .
G irabbit ,
, giraffe () rabbit (). The
Girabbit can talk - just like Mr Smiths horse.

93

Mr B liss an d His Pet


Mr Bliss lives in a house. It is a white house with a red
roof. The house has high ceilings and a very high front door,
because Mr Bliss is a tall man and he wears a very high
tophat.
One day Mr Bliss looks out of the window early in the
morning.
It is a fine day! he says to the Girabbit.
Of course it is! says the Girabbit.
Mr Bliss keeps the Girabbit in the garden. The Girabbit lives
in a deep, deep hole in the ground. He is blind, so he never
knows if the sun is in the sky or not. All days are fine to him,
because his skin is of mackintosh. He knows very little about
the daytime. He usually goes to bed after breakfast and gets
up before supper...
W ords -
wear [w ea] - , ; early [': 1i ] - ; of course
[av'kcrs] - ; deep [di:p] - ; hole [houl] ; blind [b la in d ] - ; skin [sk in ] - , ;
mackintosh ['m aekintoj'] - ; daytime
['d e ita im ] - , ; supper ['] - .
Notes -
1.
. Mr Bliss
keeps him in the garden. Garden
,
, : .
, .
: ,
.
Where is the cat? - ? ( .)
She is in the garden. - . ( .)
Did you hear the bell? - ? (
.)
94

There is somebody at the door. - - . (


.)
It is the postman. - . (
, ).
2. high [hai] ()
, , , .
ta li [to:l].
Mr Bliss is a tall man. - .
wears a high hat. - .
His house has a high roof. - .
, ,
, : fro n t door
- , , , back door , .
3. - , - ,
:
, ...
,
not () ();
never (), nothing (), nobody ().

. . - I know
. - I know
. - I trust

I am never late.
nothing.
nobody.
nobody.

4. , , ,
, , .
if (),
.

never knows if the sun is in the sky. -


.
never knows if it is day or night. -
.
95

If
.
We ask him if he knows English. - (),
.
Mr Bliss asks the Girabbit if it is a fine day. -
, .
because
[bi'ko:z] ( , ).
goes to bed because he is tired. - ,
.
knows little about the sun because he is blind. -
, .
The rooms are high because the tenant is a tall man. , .

W ord -
Some [ ]
( ) (
).
, -.
,
some - something (-), somebody (-)
sometimes ().
Give me some apples. - .
Give me some milk. - .
Some people are blind. - .
I see something on the ground. - - .
trips over something. - - .
I see somebody in the garden. - - .
Somebody broke my cup. - - .
is late sometimes. - .

96

Q uestion -
, - the earth.

- the ground. : the Girabbit lives in a deep
hole in the ground. ?
: The earth, , -
, . It is the planet on which we live.
the Earth, ,
. , earth -
, .
ground ,
, , ,
... , ground
, , playground ( ).
The Sun warms the Earth. - .
Primitive people made their dwellings of earth. -
.
Here is a pile of earth. - .
It comes from that hole in the ground. -
.
A mole makes tunnels in the ground. -
.
The bear lies on the ground. - .
A cone falls to the ground. - .

D iscussion -
:
,
- .
Piglet, ,
. Roo
kangaroo ().

97

.
:
,
. . Pay attention
to the prepositions.
Pooh picks up a cone. - .
He makes a rhyme about it. - .
picks up a stick. - .
drops it into the water from the bridge. -
.
Pooh, Piglet and Roo drop sticks into the stream. - ,
Py .
They wait to see whose stick comes first. - ,
, .
They watch the stream. .
They call this game Poohsticks. -
.
, :
Poohsticks , ,
. . Thats right.
Tim likes basketball. - .
Tennis is a game for two. - - .
Football is a team game. - - .
The school has a ground for playing volleyball. -
.

.
.
Tim and Tom play chess. - .
Lets play Monopoly. - .
Tims favourite computer game is Mortal Combat. -
- .
98

Phrases -
,
as... as ( ... ).
The bridge is as broad as the road. -
, .
The stream is as deep as the lake. -
, .
This tree is as high as that post. -
, .

, .
The Girabbit is as big as an elephant. -
, .
Mr Bliss is as tall as a post. - ,
.
The Girabbit is as blind as a mole. - ,
.
The hole is as deep as a well. - ,
.
The water is as cold as ice. - , .

W ord -
look () see ()
watch.
: , ; -
.
Watch what he does. - , .
I watch how she cooks. - , .
We watch television. - .
Watch your step! - ! :
!
99

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Translate the Russian sentences into English.
- .
:
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

We meet a farmer. .
Mr Smith has a dog. .
Mr Smith lives in a house. .
The house has a roof. .
Mr Bliss has a strange animal. .
The animal lives in a hole. .
Mr Bliss wears a hat. .
Alice goes into a room. .
Alice sees a box. .
A balloon floats into the sky. .
Mr Navvy is a captain. .
They come to a bridge. .

Exercise 2. Translate the words in brackets. -


.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

The house has a very high () door.


One day Mr Bliss looks out of the ().
It is early in the ().
Mr Bliss says that it is () day.
Mr Bliss keeps his pet inthe ().
The animal lives in a deep () in the ground.
He never knows if the () is in the sky or not.
He knows very () about the daytime.
He usually goes to bed after ().
He gets up before ().

Exercise 3. Put in a or the. - the.


: alm ost ['orlmoust] ; wooden [wudn] - ; rail [re il] -
, ; lose [lu:z] - ; put [put] -
()', hurry ['] - , .
100

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

Pooh goes along ... path.


Then he comes to ... stream.
... stream is almost ... river.
He sees ... wooden bridge across ... stream.
... bridge is as broad as ... path.
... bridge has wooden rails.
... stream moves slowly under ... bridge.
Pooh picks up ... cone and looks at it.
He wants to make ... rhyme about ... cone.
He comes to ... bridge.
He trips over something and loses ... cone.
... cone falls into ... stream.
Pooh lies down and puts his head under ... rail.
He watches ... stream.
He sees ... cone floating down ... stream.
Then Piglet and Roo come to ... bridge.
They all drop sticks into ... water.
They drop ... sticks on one side of ... bridge.
They hurry to ... other side.
Whose stick comes first from under ... bridge?

Lesson Ten

10

T h e re Is a D ra g o n a c ro s s th e R iv e r____________


Pronunciation -
[tj]
[J]
[9]
[5]

church, chair, cherry, chimes, beach, teacher


ship, bush, negation, notion, sugar, Russian
thing, nothing, both, moth, thistle, thigh, third
that, mother, brother, with, they, them, bother

W ord -
let , .
let me, let us.
- , .
, , .
Let us lets [lets].
Let me introduce Mr Bliss. -
.
Let me know when he comes back. - ,
.
Let me think. - - .
Let him go. - .
Let them hurry up. - .
Lets wait. - .
Lets go back. - .
Lets stick together. - .
- -:
. The boy said, Lets look for dragons.
: . said,
Lets find a dragon and frighten him.

102

Reading -
,
frighten ['fraitn] () afraid [a'freid]
(). : -
-, am, are, is ()
was () .
Lets frighten the dragon. - .
What if he frightens us? - ?
Are you afraid? - ?
I am not afraid of dragons. - .
Are you afraid of bees? - ?
The bear is afraid of them. - .
Pooh was not afraid. - .

Looking fo r Dragons


Boy: Lets look for dragons.
Pooh: Yes, lets.
Boy: They live across the river.
Pooh: Yes, I know.
Boy: Look, there they are!
Pooh: Yes, those are dragons all right.
Boy: Look at their beaks! Real dragons!
Pooh: That is what they are!
Boy: Lets frighten the dragons.
Pooh: That is right.
Boy: I am not afraid. Shoo!
Pooh: Look, they are flying off.
Boy: Silly old dragons!
Pooh: I was not afraid.
Boy: No.
Pooh: I am never afraid if I am with you.
Boy. Lets always stick together.
Pooh-. Yes, lets.

103

Notes -
old - . s illy
.
,
. ,
, .
.
Silly old dragons! - !
Look, there they are! - , !
Those are dragons all right. - .
That is what they are! - !
Silly old bear! - !

G ram m ar -
beak (), ,
... Some geese live across the river.
, -
(there) - (across the river), (over
the sea)... , !
,
there is,
: , , , ,
... there is
, , .
There is a dragon across the river. -
. : .
There is an oak by the sea. - .
There is a gold chain on the oak. - .
, , , , is
are.
There are oaks by the sea. - .
There are chains on the oaks. - .
104

there is ,
. ,
.
There
There
There
There

is a table in the room. - () .


is a picture on the wall. - () .
are cows in the field. - .
are bears in this wood. - .

,
there is .
There is a hole in the ground. - .
There are apples on the tree. - .

Reading -

(key words): city (), street
(), house (), room ()... Town
. Lane [le in ]
, yard [jcud] .

The Key o f th e Kingdom


This is the key of the kingdom:
In that kingdom there is a city.
In that city there is a town.
In that town there is a street.
In that street there is a lane.
In that lane there is a yard.
In that yard there is a house.
In that house* there is a room.
In that room there is a bed.
On that bed there is a basket.
In that basket there are some flowers...

105

Notes -
1. ,
, ... ,
, , there is
there are?
: .
table, there is.
chairs, there are.
There is a table and four chairs in the room. -
.
There are four chairs, a table and a sofa. -
, .
2. - -,
-.
on the street, : .
Tim lives in Park Street. - -.
There is a monument in the square. -
.
The bakery is on Hill Street. - -.

Gram m ar -
, - -
? Is there anything wonderful in your
kingdom?
there is ( are).
Is there a giant in the kingdom? -
?
Are there witches in it? - ?
Are there miracles? - ?
Are there monsters? - ?
Are there knights? - ?
Is there magic? - ?

106


.
Is there a bakery in your street? -
?
Yes, there is. - , .
Are there other shops? - ?
Yes, there are. - , .
Is there a post-office? - ?
No, there is not. - .
Are there trees in the street? - ?
No, there are not. - .
,
.
, , .
There
There
There
There

is park here. - .
are no shops nearby. - .
is no time for lunch. - .
is no water in the bottle. - .

Reading -
. One day
Christopher Robin went to the zoo. What did he see at the
zoo? . Lets listen to his story.

The Zoo

There are lions, and roaring tigers, and big camels. There
are some buffaloes and bisons and a great bear. There is a
tiny hippopotamus. There are a few badgers, too. There are a
lot of goats and a Polar bear and different kinds of mice.

107

Christopher Robin pays a little attention to every animal. But


he likes the elephant most of all. The boy has some buns with
him. He gives the buns to the elephant.
Words -
roaring ['ro rirj] - , ; camel ['kaeml] -
; buffalo ['bAfalou] - ; bison [baisn] - ; great
[greit] - ; tiny ['taini] - ; hippopotamus
[,hipa'potamas] - ; badger [] - ;
goat [gout] - ; different ['difarant] - ,
; kind [kaind] - ; every ['evri] - ; bun
[] - .
Notes -
1.
some
. , some
- , ,
.
There are some buffaloes in the Zoo. -
.
There are some bears. - .
The boy had some buns. -
.
The boy pays some attention to every animal. -
.
gives some milk to the goat and the badger. -
.
some .
, m ilk.
?
: .
Some :
, - , -
. .

108

I like tea. - .
Give me some tea. - .
Milk is white. - .
Buy some milk. - .
2. some a few a little,
,
. ? A few [s 'fju :]
- .
We see a few men. - .
takes a few books. - .
There are a few mistakes in his paper. -
.
A little [a 'litl]
.
There is a little honey in the pot. -
.
pays a little attention to the giraffe and the tiger. -
.
: a little
g irl
g irl. little
. honey
, a little
. .
I take a little plate. - .
I pour a little milk in it. - .
3. Most . of,

. m ost o f all
.

109

Most people in Great Britain are English. -


- .
Most of them live in England. -
.
The English like tea most of all. -
.
The boy likes the elephant most of all. -
.

Reading -
.
The text below is from the International Childrens Bible.
there is.
war [wo:] () peace [pi:s]
().
. There are a lot of
verbs in this text. We know some of them. We know that love
is and hate is .
Here are some new verbs: die [d a i] - ; plant
[plcunt] - ; pull [p u l] - ; k ill [k il] - ;
heal [h i;l] - ; destroy [d is 'tro i] - ; build
[b ild ] - ; laugh [lcuf] - ; dance [dcms] ; throw [Qrou] - ; gather ['gae6a] -
; hug [hAg] - ; tear [tea] - ; sew [sou]
- .

There is a Tim e fo r E verything


There is a right time for everything.
Everything on earth has its
special season.
There is a time to be born
and a time to die.
There is a time to plant
and a time to pull up plants.
110

There is a time to kill


and a time to heal.
There is a time to destroy
and a time to build.
There is a time to cry
and a time to laugh.
There is a time to be sad
and a time to dance.
There is a time to throw away stones
and a time to gather them.
There is a time to hug
and a time not to hug.
There is a time to look for something
and a time to stop looking for it.
There is a time to keep things
and a time to throw things away.
There is a time to tear apart
and a time to sew together.
There is a time to be silent
and a time to speak.
There is a time to love
and a time to hate.
There is a time for war
and a time for peace.

Translation -

. ,
- up
. Pull - :
, , . A pull up
, ,
.
. tear () apart
, , .
sew , sew together :
.
111

drop ()
, , ,
. Throw ; away
() : .
, plant
, .
season ,
, .

: , .
,
(. 3, .1-8),
.


, .
, ; ,
.
, ; ,
;
, ; ,
;
, ;
, ;
, ; ,
;
, ; ,
;
, ; ,
.

Q uestion -
.
? How to learn them?
112

: ,
. , ,
, .

- . Good.
, .
. Great.
:
- . Well, let him write the words
if it helps him to learn them.

D iscussion -
:
.
, classroom ['klcusrum] -
class () room ().
, . ,
classroom class? , .
room - ,
.
There are twenty people in our class. -
.
There are fifteen desks in the classroom. -
.
There is a board on one of the walls of the room. - Ha
.
Where is room ten? - ?
:
director! , - headmaster
head teacher ( ).
bead - , , .
gym [d 3 im ] ,
gymnasium.
.
113

Hall , ,
, . ,
entrance hall,
school hall assembly hall.
-
, -
, . , -
bus. bus .
I go to school by bus. - .
I wait for a bus. - .
Here comes the bus! - () !
I get on the bus. - .
It goes fast. - .
I get off near my school. - .
bus train
() boat (),
- .
We
We
We
We

go by train. - .
get on the boat. - .
go fast. - .
get off in London. - .

Q uotation -

,
. These lines are from a poem of William Wordsworth.
Up! up! my friend, and quit your books;
Or surely youll grow double:
Up! up! my friend, and clear your looks;
Why all this toil and trouble?

114

Notes -
1. : ,
, ... ,

up. ,
,
.
Up! Stand up! - ! : !
Up! Get up! - ! : !
Out! Go out! - !
Out! Get out! - ! : !
Down! Go down! - ! : !
Down! Get down! - ! : !
2. quit [k w it]
: , .
quit , .
,
-.
I quit smoking. - .
I quit! - ! : !
3. Youll - you w ill,
w ill . Grow , .
, double [' ] .
,
.
Stop eating so much or youll grow fat. -
, .
Enough of swotting or youll grow double. -
, .

115

, , ,
, : (toil)
(trouble)?

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Put in is or are. - is are.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

There ... a lot of schools in our city.


My school ... in Oak Street.
There ... twenty rooms in the school.
Our classroom ... on the first floor.
There ... a board on the front wall.
There ... three windows.
There ... twenty-five children in our class.
There ... twenty-five desks in the room.
There ... a few pictures on the wall.
Most children ... good learners.

Exercise 2. Put is or are in the blanks. - is


are .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
116

There ..
There ..
There ..
There ..
... there
There ..
There ..
There ..
There ..
There ..
There ..
There ..
... there
There ..
There ..

three rooms in our flat.


a table in the kitchen.
four chairs round it.
a shelf on the wall above the table.
a stove in the kitchen?
some plates and dishes on the table.
sandwiches on one of the dishes.
meat, cheese and sausage on the plates
a few spoons and knives on the table.
some cups and a tea-pot.
a lot of sugar in the sugar-bowl.
a little salt in the salt-cellar.
saucers?
different kinds of jam in the jars.
everything for a good lunch.

Exercise 3. Make these sentences interrogative. -


.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

There is a gym in the school.


There is a playground.
There are grounds for sports.
There is a back door.
There is a diningroom.
There is a swimming-pool in the school.
There are flowers in every room.
There is a board in every room.
There are pictures in the rooms.
There are computers in the laboratories.

Lesson Eleven

11

T he S im p le P re se n t


P ro n u n cia tio n -
.
- .
.
- .
here. - .
Stay there. - .
Wake up. - .
-
, :
Read this. - .
Speak up. - .
Sit down. - .
Stand up. - .
Ask him. - .
Say yes. - .
Go on. - .
Wash up. - .
Come on. - .
Go slow. - .
Not now. - He .
Never mind. - He .
Please do. - , .
Hurry up. - .
Quite right. - .
Look out. - .
Yes, please. - , .
Well done. - .
118


. is
s. , it is
its [its], what is w hats [wots], where is
wheres [weaz].
Whats the news? - ?
Whats wrong? - - ? : ?
Wheres that? - ?
Wheres he? - ?
Whos that? - ()?
Which one? - ( )?
Where to? - ?
Where from? - ?
What for? - ? : ?
What next? - ?
Why not? - ( ) ?
How long? - ?
How much? - ?

D iscussion -
, . ,
. ,
Yes, please. ,
, , No, thank you.
A cup of tea for you? - ?
Yes, please. - , .
Some more salad? - ?
No, thank you. - , .
,
,
How much. , .
How much sugar for you? - ?
How much milk? - ?
119

, - many ['meni].
much? ,
.
many.
How many spoons are there on the table? -
?
Many people drink tea without sugar. -
.
Tim puts three spoonfuls of sugar into his tea. -
.
sugar (), m ilk (), - , , attention
() -
much.
Tim has too much sweet food. -
.
She pays too much attention to clothes. -
.
How much is this dress? - ?
How much money will you need? -
?
spoon spoonful. -
,
. : tablespoon (), dessertspoon
() teaspoon (). Spoonful ['spumful ] -
.
.
We eat soup with a spoon. - .
Put the spoons on the table. - .
Add two spoonfuls of salt. - .
You need five spoonfuls of flour for this recipe. -
.
120

Q uestion -
, , ,
much, many?
:
a lo t of, , ,
, .
eats a lot of vegetables. - .
She drinks a lot of coffee. - .
They have a lot of fun. - .
There is a lot of room here. - .
There are a lot of rooms in their house. -
.

C onversation -
, ,

- - .
- breakfast ['brekfast] (),
- exciting [ik'saitirj] (, ).

Som ething E xciting

-
Piglet: When you wake up in the morning, Pooh, what is the
first thing you say to yourself?
Pooh: Whats for breakfast?
Piglet: I say, Let something exciting happen today.
Pooh: It is the same thing.
Notes -
Same ( )
.
121

It is the same man I saw yesterday. -


, .
She is not the same. - , ().
They come back at the same time. -
.
It is just the same. - .
It is all the same to me. - .

Gram m ar -
, -
(exciting), (interesting),
(amazing). , , :
- , ...
, ,
,
(simple present).
,
. :
. ,
, he, she it, -s.

The Sim ple Present


The Singular -
I read and w rite. - .
You read and w rite. - .
reads and w rites. - .
She reads and w rites. - .
The Plural -
We read and w rite. - .
You read and w rite. - .
They read and write. - .

122

Notes -
1.
-, -ies.
study ['stA d i] - studies ['stAdiz]
carry ['kaeri] - carries ['kaeriz]
try [tr a i] - tries [tra iz ]
marry ['maeri] - marries ['maeriz]
Tim studies French. - .
He tries to speak it. - .
A ship carries a cargo. - .
2. -s [s]:
puts [p u ts] - , ; takes [teiks] - ; stops
[stops] - ; laughs [la:fs] - .
Ann sits down. - .
She breaks a cup. - .
She laughs at him. - .
3.
[z]: comes [ ] - ; brings [b rirjz ] , ; leaves [li:v z ] - , .
comes back late. - .
brings his friends. - .
4. -
-es, [iz]: catches
['kaetjiz] - ; watches ['w o tjiz ] - , ;
loses ['lu :ziz] - ; wishes ['w ijiz ] - .
Tim catches the ball. - .
He watches television. - .
He wishes to visit Russia. - .
123

Reading -
- ... ,
routines [ru'ti:nz].
,
, , ,
: upstairs
[Ap'steaz] - , ; downstairs [ da u n' ste az ] , .
: up ()
down () stairs (, ).
In English houses the bedrooms are upstairs. -
. :
.
The diningroom and the kitchen are downstairs. -
. : .
upstairs ,
. , ,
- , .
Mr Baker shaves, dresses and comes downstairs to have
breakfast. - ,
.

Routines


Part I
Tim gets up at eight oclock. His mother cooks breakfast for
Tim and his father. She puts the kettle on and makes a fresh
pot of tea in the kitchen. She takes a cup upstairs to her
husband. Mr Baker has a cup of tea while he is still in bed.
Mrs Baker switches on the heater so they have hot water
in the tap. Tim washes his face and hands with warm water.
Tims father says, Tim, you must use cold water!

124

Mr Baker takes a cool shower in the morning. After that he


rubs himself hard with a towel.
Words -
fresh [frej] - ; while [wai l] - ; still [stil] -
; heater ['hi:ta] - ; hot [hot] - ; tap
[tsep] - () ; warm [wo:m] - ; cool
[ku: 1] - ; shower ['Jaua] - ; rub [] - ,
(); hard [hcud] - , ; towel [1]
- .
Notes -
1. On sw itch [s w itj]
. on off, .
turn on ( off). put on
: . put on ,
, .
She switches on the heater. - .
I switch off the television. - .
You put the kettle on. - .
You put it on the stove. - .
puts on his coat. - .
2. m ust [mAst] () - :
.
-s. , ,
to. .
goes to see them. - .
must see them. - .
She tries to help. - .
She must help. - .
wants to take a shower. - .
must take a shower. - .
125

3.
. Kettle
['ketl ] - .

teapot [4i;pot] pot.
Mum puts the kettle on. - .
The kettle has a whistle. - .
When it boils it whistles. - , .
I rinse the teapot. - .
I make a fresh pot of tea. - .

Gram m ar -
. Do
() does [ckz], have ()
has [haez]; say ()
: says [sez].
does his homework. - .
has a lot of work. - .
says that he is busy. - , .

D iscussion -
The simple present - ,
. ,
, .
, . , I
, tom orrow (), next week (
), in a week ( ) . Yesterday (), last week (
) , , two days ago ( )
, -.
, ,
. :
,
, .

126

The sun rises in the east. - .


It sets in the west. - .
The earth is round. - .
It goes round the sun. - .
Two and two is four. - - .
There are three feet in a yard. - .
People like travelling. - .
-
, - .
- .
My aunt leaves tomorrow. - .
We set off early tomorrow morning. -
.

W ord -
do make. ,
- .
? do -
.
Mum does everything about the house. -
.
We do sums in mathematics. -
.
Do your homework. - .
What can I do for you? - ?
I have nothing to do. - .
Do what he tells you. - , .
Do it now. - .
make :
, - ,
, .
She makes paper flowers. - .
The factory makes cars. - .

127

:
. make. ,
made [meid], make,
.
Made in UK -
Made in Canada -
Made in USA -
,
,
,
, . ,
is made - .
We make butter from milk.
Butter is made from milk. - .
We make houses of brick.
Houses are made of brick. - .
We make spoons of steel.
Spoons are made of steel. - .

Reading -
R outines


Part II
For breakfast Tim usually has an omelette or a boiled egg.
Sometimes his mother gives him corn flakes with milk. His
father likes oatmeal. He says, Oatmeal is good for you.
Tim puts three spoonfuls of sugar into his tea. His father
never drinks tea with sugar. He says that sugar is sweet death.
He says to Tim, You must not have so much sweet food and
so many soft drinks. He has another cup of tea.

128

W ords -
omelette ['omlit] - , ; boiled [boild] - ;
corn flakes ['ko:nfleiks] - ; oatmeal ['outmi;l]
- ; another ['] - , .
Notes -
, , sweet
death, .
- w hite death.
so ft .
so ft drink
. ,
.

W ord -
good - ,
. .
:
, , , , , ,
, (), ()...
,
. .
Oatmeal is good for you. - .
It is good to wash with cold water. -
.

D iscussion -
, ,
- you. , you
. Fruit are good
fo r you , ,
.

129

:
you,
,
( ).
When you study English, you should use a dictionary. , .
they ().
: , : .
? . ,
, they.
I went there and they told me to wait. -
.

, ...
They say ( ).
They say there is a dragon across the river. - ,
.
They say he is a Marsian. - , .

E xercises -
Exercise 1.
: I get up at eight
oclock... My dad says, You eat too much sugar, ...
- ? ?
, . mummy - ,
daddy - , ... :
son () -
sonny ['sAni] (). ,
[].

130

Exercise 2. Choose the correct form. -


.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Tim go/goes to school six days a week.


He have/has a cup of tea for breakfast.
Some people go/goes to their work by bus.
Christopher Robin v isit/visits the Zoo.
Alice come/comes into the hall.
She see/sees a little table.
We w rite/w rites letters on paper in ink.
The teacher bring/brings some books.
You take/takes a coin and give/gives it to them.
They give/gives it back to me.

Exercise 3. Translate the verbs in brackets. -


.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Mum () the kettle on.


My sister () her with cooking.
Dad () and () a shower.
Mum () a cup of tea upstairs for him.
I () the heater so that we () hot water.
I () my face and hands with warm water.
Dad () at me and () the heater.
He never () his tea with sugar.
I () three spoonfuls in my cup.
After breakfast Mum () flowers in the garden.

12

Lesson Twelve
Do You Have a Car?
?

,
- . ,
, ,

?

P ronunciation -
Well, are we taking a driving test? ,
(driving), : ,
, d
[d].
[e]
red -
met -
bet -
dead -
net -
send -
pet -
letter -
setter -
head -
lead -
said -

[ae]
rat -
mad -
bat -
dad -
gnat -
sand -
pat -
latter -
matter -
had -
lad -
sad -

Make some phrases with the words.


, ,
. :

132

What is the matter, dad? - , ?


I met a mad gnat. - .
Pat it on the head. - .
This lad is so sad. - .
has a bat as a pet. -
.
pet ,
,
, . - ? Do
you have a pet?

G ram m ar -
? ?
?
,
do [du:]. do
,
.
Do you like ice-cream? - ?
Do you help your mum? - ?
Do they play football? - ?
- ,
. not () do.
Yes, they do. - , .
No, they do not. - , .
: do play - ,
. ,
- .
Do you speak French? - -?
Yes, I do. - , .
No, I do not. - , .

133

- - -
- do
does [dAz].
Does Tim learn French? - ?
Yes, he does. - , .
Does he know Spanish? - ?
No, he does not. - , .
,
.
They do not play football. - .
Tim does not know Spanish. - .
does, -s
.
She likes jam. Does she like fruit?
She eats oranges. Does she eat bananas?
He keeps dogs. He does not keep cats.

P ronunciation -
do ( does) yes
() ().
. , ,
.
'Do you 'go to J school?
'Does she 'grow J flowers?
'Do they 'keep J horses?

C onversation -
-
do, :
what [wot] - ; when [wen] - ; where [ w e s ] - ;
why [wai] - ; how [hau] - ; who [hu:] - , .
134

:
... ! Go ahead!
When do you get up? - ?
Does your mother make fresh tea every morning? -
?
Where does she cook breakfast? -
?
Why does she take a cup of tea upstairs? -
?
What do you have for breakfast? - ?
Do you have coffee for breakfast? -
?
Do you take a cold shower in the morning? -
?
How much sugar do you put into your tea? -
?
What does your father like for breakfast? -
?
How do you get to school? -
?
Do you walk? - ?
Who do you meet on your way to school? -
?
what
, , .
What cars do you like? - ?
What books does he read? - ?
What colour is your car? - ?

Reading -

? Where is the yellow car with red wheels?
: - . Here it is
in the story about Mr Bliss.
135

The Tall Gentlem an in a Green Tophat


After breakfast Mr Bliss puts on his green hat and goes out.
He says, I want to buy a car!
So he gets on his bicycle and rides down the hill to the
village. He walks into the shop and says, I want a car.
What colour? asks Mr Binks, the shopkeeper.
Bright yellow, says Mr Bliss.
That is five shillings, says Mr Binks.
And I want red wheels, says Mr Bliss.
That is sixpence more.
Very well, says Mr Bliss, only I left my purse at home.
Very well, then leave your bicycle here. When you bring
your money you can have it back.
It is a beautiful bicycle by the way. It is all silver. But the
bicycle does not have pedals. Why? Because Mr Bliss only
rides downhill!
Words -
buy [bai] - ; bicycle [' baisikl] - ; shop
keeper ['Jop,ki:p3] - ; wheel [wi:l] -
; beautiful ['bju:tiful] - ; pedal [ ' p e dl ] - .
Notes -
1. want
. , want
, .
I want some tea. - .
wants . - .
wants red wheels. - .
2. ,
. Lets repeat a few sentences from the text and
translate them.

136

He gets on his bicycle. - .


It is a beautiful bicycle by the way. - , ,
.
It is all silver. - .
When you bring the money you can have your bicycle back.
- , .
Very well! - ! : !
Why does his bicycle have no pedals? -
?
Because Mr Bliss rides only downhill. -
.

W ord -
leave [li:v ] ,
live [liv ] (). leave - ,
.
, - left.
, ,
, for.
puts on his hat and leaves the house. -
.
When does the train leave? - ?
She left early in the morning. - .
left for London. - .
They left for the seaside. - .
leave - , .
,
.
I am sorry... I left my exercise-book at home. - ...
.
Mr Bliss left his purse at home. -
.
left his bicycle in the shop. -
.

137

D iscussion -
Purse [pa:s] () :
. People have wallets. Shilling ['Jilir)] (
) . We are discussing English
money. 20 .
There were 20 shillings in a pound.
12 240 . There
were 240 in a pound. 100 .
Today there are 100 in a pound.
penny
['peni ] - .
, [pens].
pennies ['peniz].
This book costs five pounds ninety-nine pence. -
.
The cashier gave me a handful of pennies. -
.
,
. A car cannot cost just five shillings.
.
.
What colour is your bicycle and your new car? -
?
The bicycle is silver, the car is yellow. -
, .
What is your favourite colour? -
?
It is yellow. - .
, and.
, bright
[b ra it]. light
[la it]. dark [dak].

138

The picture is black and white. - -.


The dress is red and green. - -.
The rose is bright red. - -.
Your balloons are bright blue. - -.
Mine are light blue. - -.
I wear a dark blue suit. - - .

Q uestion -
He rides down the h ill,
downhill? ,
?
: . , . .
rides down the hill. - .
, , .
rides downhill. - .
, .
Downhill - , .
,
up, down in.
upstairs - ( )
downstairs - ( )
upstream -
downstream -
upward - ,
downward - , ,
inland -
-, on top () on the top (
, ).
It is on top of the hill. - .
It is on the top of the hill. - .

139

Reading -
Do Mice Like Cats?

?
Poor Alice sits down and begins to cry.
Stop this moment! she says to herself. Stop crying!
Soon there is a large pool round her.
In a minute her foot slips and... Splash! She is in salt water.
At first she thinks that it is the sea. Then she realizes that
she is in the pool of her own tears! Then she hears something
splashing in the pool near her.
Alice is afraid. Is it a walrus? Then she sees that it is only
a mouse.
She says, Excuse me, do you know the way out of this
pool?
The Mouse looks at Alice but it does not say anything.
Perhaps it does not speak English, Alice thinks. Perhaps
it is a French mouse.
So she begins again in French: Ou est ma chatte?
It means in English: Where is my cat?
Suddenly the Mouse leaps out of the water.
Oh, I am sorry! cries Alice hastily. You do not like cats.
W ords -
poor [] - ; begin [bi'gin] - ; large [la:d3 ]
- ; minute ['m init] - ; salt [so:lt] - ;
realize ['rialaiz] - , ; pool [pu:l] - ;
own [oun] - ; tear [tia] - ; splash [splaej]
- ; walrus ['wodras] - ; perhaps [pa'hseps] ; suddenly ['sAdanli] - , ; leap [li:p] ; hastily ['heistili] - .

Phrases -
Stop this moment! - !
Stop crying! - !
Splash! - !

140

Perhaps she is French. - , .


What does pool mean? - pool?
This word means . - .

C onversation -
- , ,
- ,
: Do you know the way? To : ?
, ? stranger
['streind 3 a], , ,
( , ,
). .
You: Excuse me. Show me the way to Green Street, please.
Boy: Well, I think... You should turn right... No, left... Oh, I
am sorry, I do not know really.
, .
, .
You:
:
You:
He:
You:
He:

Excuse me.
Yes?
Show me the way to Green Street, please.
Go along this street and then turn right.
Thank you.
You are welcome.

,
.
You:
He:
You:
He:

Excuse me, how do I get to Victoria Station?


Yes, take bus number ten. It goes as far as Victoria.
Thank you.
The bus stop is across the street.

: ,
as far as, : , .

141

,
-
. Is this the right way...
You: Excuse me, is this the right way to Trafalgar Square?
He: Yes. Go on along this street and then turn left.

Question -
Excuse me ,
, I am sorry,
. ?
: -
. -,
, Excuse me.
, :
. . .
, , - ,
- , , -
, , -
I am sorry. ,
, ,
.
I am terribly sorry! - !
Sorry! - !

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Answer the questions. - ,
.
Example: What colour are buses in London?
They are red.
1. What colour is grass?
2. What colour is the sky?
142

3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

What colour is the sun?


What colour is an apple?
What colour is snow?
What colour are clouds?
What colour are roses?
What colour is Mr Blisss new car?
What colour are the wheels of his new car?
What colour is the flag ofRussia?

Exercise 2. Choose the correct form. -


.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Do/does Alice begin to cry?


What
do/does
shethink at
first?
What
do/does
sherealize?
What
do/does
shehear?
Do/does walruses eat little girls?
Do/does mice like cats?
Do/does the mouse know the way out of the pool?
Why do/does Alice ask in French?

Exercise 3. Make questions. -


. ,
.
Example: Ann goes to school. (Tim)
Does Tim go to school?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Alice swims in the pool, (the Mouse)


Cats catch mice, (dogs)
Alice goes into the low hall, (her sister)
Cats do not like to swim, (a fish)
I wash my hands before lunch, (you)
People visit their friends, (animals)
Lions and tigers eat meat, (cows)
A bicycle has two wheels, (a car)
Tim plays football and tennis. (Ann)
He takes a shower in the morning, (his son)

13

Lesson Thirteen
1 Can Ride a Donkey

P ronunciation -

,
: ? :
J ? - Riding a J donkey?
,
. - in Russian and in English.
? - You?
? - All?
? - Them?
? - Him?
? - Five?
? - Yes?

? - Me?
? - Now?
? - These?
? - Those?
? - Here?
? - Really?

-
. :
Can he J drive? - ?
J Can he? - ?
J Really? - ?

W ord -
, .
. ,
. ,
. :
,
to.
144

I can swim. - .
You can play chess. - .
She can cook well. - .
They can ski. - .

- .
We can see and hear. - .
Birds can fly. - .
You can speak Russian. - -.
,
- .
Can you wait? - ?
I cannot forgive her. - .
You can take this money. - .
ride () ,
.
The S im p le P resent

The Singular

The Plural

I can ride a bicycle.


You can ride a bicycle.
He can ride a bicycle.

We can ride a bicycle.


You can ride a bicycle.
They can ride a bicycle.


.
not: cannot ['kaenot].
Can you help me? - ?
Yes, I can. - , .

145

Can he come now? - ?


No, he cannot. - , .
Can they stay for a day? - ?
No, they cannot. - , .

Q uotation -
(. 10, . 28)
: ,
.
Do not be afraid of people. They can only kill the body.
They cannot kill the soul.

D iscussion -

, , : ride
bicycle ( ), drive (
, ). -, drive ,
.
can drive. - .
drives fast. - .
drives to work and back home. -
.
I like driving. - .
,
. -
. can clim b [k la im j trees.

C onversation -
,
.
The World of Pooh. We know it in
translation as - , , .
146

A Cham pion o f C lim bing Trees


Roo:
Tigger:
Roo:
Tigger:
Roo:
Tigger:
Roo:
Tigger:
Roo:
Tigger:
Roo:
Tigger:
Roo:
Tigger:
Roo:
Tigger:
Roo:
Tigger:
Roo:
Tigger:

What can Tiggers do?


Oh, they can do everything.
Can they fly?
Yes, they can.
Can they fly as well as Owl?
Yes. Only they do not want to.
Why?
Well, they do not like it.
Well, can they jump as far as Kanga?
Yes. When they want to.
I love jumping. Lets see who can jump farthest, you
or me.
I can. But we have no time now for jumping.
I can swim. I love swimming. Can Tiggers swim?
Of course they can. Tiggers can do everything.
Can they climb trees better that Pooh?
Climbing trees is what they do best. Much better
than Pooh.
Can they climb this pinetree?
Of course they can! You can sit on my back and
watch me.
Oh, Tigger... It is great, Tigger!
Up we go! Now you see how Tiggers climb trees...
Of course it is not easy... And then you must come
down, of course. Backwards... And it is difficult...

(After a while Pooh and Piglet come along. They see


Roo and Tigger sitting on a branch of the pinetree.)
Piglet: Hello, Roo! What are you doing there?
Roo: We cannot get down, we cannot get down! It is such
fun! Tigger and I are living in a tree, like Owl!
Words -
owl [aul] - ; jump [!] - ; difficult f d i f i ka lt ]
- ; branch [brcuntj] - .
147

Notes -
1.
better ['beta] (), best [best] ( ,
), as ... as ( , ). Far [feu]
(, ) farthest ['foubist] (
, ) .
Tigger says that he can fly as well as Owl. -
, , .
Can he jump as far as Kanga? -
, ?
says that he can climb trees better than Pooh. -
, , .
does everything much better than other animals. -
, .
Climbing trees is what he does best. - no
- , .
Lets see who can jump farthest, Roo or Tigger. -
, , .
2. back [baek] ()
backwards ['baekwadz] ( , )
. Back horseback.
, .
Roo climbed the tree on Tiggers back. -
.
It is more difficult to climb backwards. -
.
rides on horseback. - .
When will they come back? - ?

W ord -
like ().
love [ I a v ] - . ?
: Like .

148

I like jam. - .
We like him. - .
Love .
.
.
Romeo loves Juliet. - .
It is my lady, , it is my love! - , ,
!
,
, love,
.
.
I love jumping! - !
Pooh loves honey. - .

D iscussion -
jum ping jum p,
, -ing. ,
, .
-, , swimming (
), drawing ().

. - ,
, .
likes driving. - .
I like walking. - .
They like climbing trees. - .
Stop talking! - !
( )
, .
- .

149

Jogging is Tims favourite sport. - -


.
Sailing Is for brave people. - -
.
She does not like dancing. - .
hates cooking. - ().
,
, -ing, - , .
Tim hates getting up early. -
.
( : .)
likes showing the way to strangers. -
.
(: .)

Q uestion -
-, , :
What are you doing there? ,
: What do you do there?

.
.
What are you doing there? - ?
We are living in a tree! - !
: in a tree, , ,
on a tree?
: On a tree - ,
, . ,
, - , ,
.
There are cones on the tree. - .
Squirrels live in trees. - .
150

Conversation -
- . Can you
...
(policeman),
.
/ie:
He:
We:
He:
We:
He:
We:
He:

Excuse me, can you show me the way to Tower Bridge?


Yes. It is that way to the right.
Can I get there by bus?
Certainly. Take number twenty.
Is it far if I walk?
No. It is just a ten minute walk from here.
Thank you.
You are welcome.

Notes -

This way , that way - .


certainly ['sa:tnli] - . ,
; ,
ten minute walk - .

Grammar -
, : . They flew off.
. They cannot come down.

: , , , ,
...
() up, down, in, off...
go () ,
- ,
.

goes
goes
goes
goes

away.- .
back. - . : .
on. - . : .
roundto see her. - .
151

He goes in. - .
She goes out. - .
A car goes by. - .
It goes along. - .
The sun goes up. - .
The moon goes down. - .

W ord -
too
, , .
Tim is English, Ann is English, too. - ,
.
I want to climb this tree, too. -
.
too
, .
The car is too bright. - .
It goes too fast. - .
It is too good to be true. - ,
.

E xercises -
Exercise 1. Answer the questions. - .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
152

Can you cook?


Can you speak Spanish?
Can your little sister read?
Can your mother make jam?
Can your father drive?
Can tigers fly?
Can an owl fly?
Can horses climb trees?
Can Mr Blisss pet see?
Can dogs talk?

Exercise 2. Make sentences using can and cannot. , can cannot,


but ().
/'
Example: l/play chess/play tennis.
I can play chess but I cannot play tennis.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

He/run one mile/run five miles.


Tims father/drive a car/drive a bus.
His mother/cook meat/cook fish.
Pooh/climb an appletree/climb a pinetree.
Old people/walk/run and jump.
The girl/dance/play the guitar.
Ann/ride a pony/ride a horse.
They/speak English/speak Spanish.
We/go there by train/go there by plane.
The teacher/come at four/come at five.
Mr Bliss/ride downhill/ride uphill.
I/ask questions/answer them.

Exercise 3. Make new sentences using too. -


, too .
Example: The milk is very hot, I cannot drink it.
, .
The m ilk is too hot to drink.
, .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

It is cold, we cannot go out.


This goose is very heavy, it cannot fly.
The river is deep, we cannot cross it.
The squirrel is quick, you cannot catch it.
The bag is heavy, you cannot lift it.
The tea is very sweet, I cannot drink it.
The tree is very high, I cannot climb it.
He is old, he cannot do this job.

Lesson Fourteen

14

Take Me H om e


P ronunciation -
[f]
[v]
[k]
[g ]

fat, fish, fall, wolf, roof, coffee, phone, laugh


vat, very, give, love, leave, village, wolves
kettle, kite, dark, pick, quick, sick, can, cone
gather, get, give, go, grow, ago, cargo, tiger

Gram m ar -
: school (),
hospital (), home ().
,
.
There are thousands of schools in Moscow. -
.
There are a lot of hospitals, churches and homes for
elderly people in London. - ,
.
:
goes to school. She is in hospital. They are at home.
: I am in bed.
in bed, in a bed, in the bed? :
, . I am
in bed , , , ,
, .
There is a bed in the room. - .
went to the bed. - () .
went to bed. - .
is still in bed. - .
154

.
- , ,
. ,
.
You go to school. - . (
, .)
You are at school. - . ( ,
.)
She works in a school. - .
comes home. - . (
, , ).
is at home. - . ( .)
Their aunt is in a nursing home. - .
They took her to hospital. - . (
, .)
She is in hospital. - . ( .)
There is a childrens hospital in our neighbourhood. -
.
Do you go to church? - ? (
, ?)
This church was built in the 17th century. -
17 .

. ...
by air -
by plane -
by land -

People travel <| ^


by
by
by
by

! raln noef
bus -
car -
sea -
boat -

155


( ).
is at work. - .
They are on holiday. - .
is here on business. - .
This book will be on sale in a week. -
.
- ,
.
At firs t she did not like him. .
fe ll in love with her at once.
. It is love at firs t sight. .
Now she is in love with him, too.
. is happy at last. - .

Reading -
A t School and at Home


Part I
Tims school is not far from their place. He gets there in
twenty minutes. He does not take a bus. He gets there on foot.
Tim likes walking.
Sometimes he does not get up in time. He oversleeps. He
is in a hurry. He says, Dad, give me a lift.
His father gives him a lift. He takes Tim to the school on
his way to the bank where he works. It takes only three
minutes to get there by car.
Hello! says Tim to Steve, one of his classmates. They
meet at the school gate. How are things?
Just fine, says Steve.
Classes begin at nine oclock. Tim is at school till three in
the afternoon.

156

Notes -
1. on foot ,
. :
. ? If he
oversleeps? ? ? , :
.
is in a hurry. - .
His father gives him a lift. - .
2. till () .
is at school till 3 oclock. - 3 .
They have classes from Monday till Saturday. -
.
I am busy from morning till night. -
.
Lets wait till he comes back. - (
), .

W ord -
take - .
, , - . , .
They take their toy guns and leave the house. -
.
A driver takes them and their things to the river. -
.
A boatman takes them across the river. -
.
Lets take this road. - .
Lets take some ice-cream at this shop. -
.
Lets also take this castle. - (
) .
157


, :
Let me take a picture of you. - , .
Now, take a picture of me. - .
, : ,
, ? - ,
, , . ,
.
Shall we take a taxi? - ?
We can take a bus. - .
The ride on the bus takes twenty minutes. -
.
It will take only five minutes by taxi. -
.
(shower)
(bath), - .
It is good to take a shower. - .
Id like to take a bath. - .
, ,
: Take it easy!
.

D iscussion -
There is a right time for everything -
.
.
: clock [klo k] - ,
, , ; watch [w o tj] -
.
It is six by that clock on the wall. -
.
It is seven by my watch. - .
158

, - .
Clocks and watches te ll the tim e. ,
, : What is the time? :
What tim e is it? , oclock.
It is two oclock. - .
It is nine oclock. - .
m inute ['m in it] ()
. :
, past (). -
, to ().
It is five (minutes) past two. - .
It is five (minutes) to ten. - .
, ,
when [wen] ().
When do you get up? - ?
When does he come back? - ?
When was that? - ?
? :
at ten oclock (sharp) - 10 ()
at about ten oclock - 10 , 10
at five (minutes) to ten - 10
at half past ten - 11-
at ten thirty - 10.30
at a quarter to eleven - 11
after ten oclock - 10
before ten oclock - 10
from nine till ten oclock - 9 10
by ten oclock - 10-
: past [pcust]
(, ) half [hcuf] () - [].
159

Reading -
A t School and at Home


Part II
Tim likes music and he likes television. He likes to look at
shop windows with electrical goods on his way back home.
Now in the afternoon he is not in a hurry and he has time to
stop and have a good look at the TVs and tape recorders.
Tim has a little cassette player that runs on batteries. He can
carry it with him and listen to music all the time while the
batteries are good. Tim takes his cassette player with him
when he jogs.
When he comes home he always turns on his tape recorder
and listens to a cassette. He has tea and does his homework
to the sound of music.
Mr Baker comes home at half past five. Sometimes he
returns later when he works extra hours.
In the evening they watch television. Today, there is a TV
in every English home. People watch television every day and
some people watch it from morning till night. Tims grandmother
is one of them. She is retired. She has a house of her own
but she often comes to stay with her son, Mr Baker, and his
family.
Notes -
? What does he see in the shop
window? - electrical
goods, : tape recorder
['teipri'ko:da] - ; cassette player [ka'set'pleia]
- ; VCR ['vi:si:'a:] (video cassette
recorder) - .
Television [4eli,vi3n] - ,
; , TV [ti:'vi:].

160

(opening
hours). - : Open from 9 am to 9 pm.
am ['ei'em]
. pm ['pi:'em ]
. ?
: .
. , :
9 9 .
.
Tim has time to have a good look at the goods. -
, .
His player runs on batteries. -
.
does his homework to the sound of music. -
.
His father works extra hours. -
.
His grandmother is retired. - .
She has a house of her own. - .
I watched this film on television. -
( ).
Most people have a colour TV. -
.

D iscussion -
,
slow (). ,
fast (, ).
This clock is slow. -
.
My watch is one minute slow.
-
.
That clock is fast. - .
Your watch is two minutes fast. -
.

161

: It is 5 oclock.
. It is tea-time.
- ,
, - , ,
. tea-tim e .
Many English people have tea at five oclock. -
.
Shall we have a break for tea? Lets have a cup of tea. ? .
,
. - , .
tasty ['te is ti],
taste ().
nice (, ).
The food is very nice. - .
Everything is nice. - .
, (breakfast),
(lunch) (supper), meal [m i:l].
, -
.
,
.
We have three meals a day. - .
The meal was very nice. - ( , )
. : .
Thank you for a nice meal. - .

Reading -
-
...
-
(Hatter) (March Hare).

162

It Is A lw ays Tea-time


The Hatter takes his watch out of his pocket. He shakes it
and then puts it to his ear.
What day of the month is it? he asks.
Alice thinks a little and says, The fourth.
The Hatter sighs. Two days slow, he says.
The March Hare takes the watch and looks at it gloomily.
Then he dips the watch into his cup of tea. He looks at it
again. It is still two days slow.
Alice looks over his shoulder at the watch.
What a funny watch! she says. It tells the day of the
month, and it does not tell the time!
Does your watch tell you what year it is? the Hatter asks.
Of course not.
It is always five oclock by my watch, says the Hatter.
Oh, is that the reason why so many cups are here on the
table?
Yes, that is it. It is always tea-time. We have no time to
wash the cups. We move round the table and take a new cup.
Words -
pocket [pokit] - ; shake [j'eik] - ; ear [is] yxo; month [] - ; sigh [sai] - ; gloomily
[ glu:m ili] - ; dip [dip] - , ; again
[a'gen] - ; shoulder ['jouldo] - ; funny [Lmi] , ; always [odweiz] - ; reason ['ri:zn]
- .
Notes -
" ,
, . If you have a meal in an English
home, try to be as polite as your hosts.
, , thank
you. The English often say thank you.

163

, ,
, thank you - ,
? - ,
, , ,
. :
Thank you for coming. - , .
Thank you for listening. - , .
Thank you and good-bye. - .

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Translate the words in brackets. -
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.

Tim gets ( ).
Sometimes his dad ( ).
() Tim to school ( ) to his work.
It () only three minutes to get there by car.
Tim says, ( )?
Tim likes to look at ().
TVs and tape recorders are ().
His cassette player ( ).
He has tea ( ).
People ( ) every day.
Tims grandmother ( ).
The Hatter takes his () out of his pocket.
He () it and then puts it to his (yxo).
His watch ( ).
The Hare () the watch into his cup oftea.
Thats the () why they have tea all the time.

Lesson Fifteen

15

H ow A re Y ou D o in g ?
?
P ronunciation -
ng [rj],
: sing [sir)] - ;
ring [rig ] - ; hang [haerj] - .
-ing
[}]: singing ['sirjir)] - ; ringing ['rirjig ] -
; hanging ['haerjirj] - .
ng ,
[rjg]: tangle ['taeggl] - ; single ['s irjg l]
- ; singular ['s irjg ju la ] - .
n k [rj]: lin k [lig k ] -
; tank [taerjk] - ; sink [sirjk] - .
C on ve rsa tio n -
,
, . In the morning we see
Tim talking to Mrs Green, his teacher.
Talking is a participle (), it means
in Russian. Tim and Mrs Green are greeting each
other. . Greeting
is another participle. It is in Russian.
Tim:
She:
Tim:
She:
Tim:

Good morning, Mrs Green.


Good morning, Tim. How are you doing?
Just fine.
How are your parents doing, Tim?
Not bad, thank you.
165

G ram m ar -
.
: We learn English.
You go to school. Tims father w orks in a bank. His mum
makes a fresh pot of tea. We listen to music.
,
, doing (), living (
), talking (). : .
What are you doing there? - ?
We are living in the pinetree! - !
Pooh and Roo are talking. - .
(simple present)
, - . We get up every
day ( ), we always brush teeth (
)...
:
every day [evri'dei] -
every week ['evri'wi:k] -
every weekend ['evri'wi:kend] - ()
usually ['ju ^ u a li] -
frequently ['frbkwantli] -
regularly ['regjutlali ] -
occasionally [a'kei39nli] -
always [:1weiz] -
as a rule [':1] -
often [ofn] -
sometimes ['sAmtaimz] -
never ['neva] -
? ,
,
. Lets read about that fabulous animal living in
the garden of Mr Bliss.
, .

166

Reading -
Mr B liss s Pet


The Girabbit lives in the garden in a very deep hole. He
has a very long neck and he often puts his head inside the
house. Mr Bliss feeds him every day. One day Mr Bliss goes
for a drive in his new car and forgets about his pet. While he
is away the Girabbit puts his head into the house and eats his
way through the diningroom and through the ceiling into the
bedroom upstairs. He finds a carpet and has it for lunch!
In fact, Mr Bliss keeps his Girabbit secretly because he
does not want to pay for a licence. If people have a pet, they
must also have a licence for keeping it. Occasionally strangers
come up the hill and then the Girabbit dives down his hole.
The Girabbit is blind, so he never knows if it is day or
night. As a rule, he does not sleep at night. He usually goes
to bed after breakfast and gets up before supper.
Words -
feed [fi:d] - ; forget [fg'get] - ; through
[9ru:] - ; find [faind] - ; in fact [in'faekt] ; secretly ['s i:k ritli ] - ; pay [pei] - ;
licence [laissn s] - ; dive [daiv] - .
Notes -
? What does he
eat? He eats a carpet! , : eats his
way through the ceiling. ,
,
. finds his
way ( , ).
way .
:
. It helped us to find our way in London.

167

,
. Mr Baker takes his son to school on his
way to work. , ,
, -
. There is a man with a barrow in his way.
Way . ,
. What is the best way of
catching dragons?
. What is the best way to make tea?
Way away [a'wei],
.
goes away. - .
She takes away the plates. - .
is away. - (). : .

Q uotation -
(. 1, . 4-7) (
simple present) .

Things Never Change


People live, and people die.
But the earth continues forever.
The sun rises, and the sun sets.
Then it hurries back to the place
where it rises again.
The wind blows to the south.
Then it blows to the north.
It blows from one direction and
then another.
Then it turns around and
repeats the same pattern,
going nowhere.
And the rivers flow to the sea.
But the sea never becomes full.
168

Notes -
continue [k s n 'tin ju :] () -
go on. forever
[fa'reva] , ,
. ? In what direction
does the wind blow? ? From what direction does it
blow? , :
it repeats the same pattern ['paetn].
. Lets
read the same passage in the Russian Bible.
, ,
.
, ,
, .
, , ,
, .
, ;
, , ,
.

Gram m ar -
, ,
,
doing () am, are
is. , What are you doing now?
?
Are you reading? - ?
Are you listening to me? - ?

(the present
continuous): , ,
. It is going on now.
, ,
What are you doing?
169

The Present C ontinuous


The Singular -
I am speaking to you. - .
You are listening to me. - .
He is w riting to her. - .
She is looking at him. - .
The wind is blowing. - .
The Plural -
We are talking. - .
You are sm iling. - .
They are leaving. - .
.
,
. -
, .
The sun rises in the east. - .
Look, the sun is rising from behind the hills. - ,
- .
wears a coat when it is cold. - ,
.
is wearing a coat because it is cold today. -
, .

( ):
right now - ()
at this moment -
this week -
today -

170

,
. ,
... . , ,
.
We are reading Treasure Island at school. - ()
.
I am writing a new book. - .
, ;
, ,
... ? What is Mr
Bliss doing? Mr Bliss is taking a ride in his new car.

Reading -
A Ride in th e C ountry


Mr Bliss gets into the car and starts off. Soon he asks
himself:
Where are you going, Mr Bliss?
I do not know, Mr Bliss, he answers himself.
Lets go and visit the Dorkinses and give them a surprise!
Very well! says Mr Bliss to himself. Very well!
So he turns sharp to the right at the next turning and there
in his way is Mr Day coming from his garden with a barrow
load of cabbages and Mr Bliss runs straight into him...
Notes -
1.
-s
, .
Lets visit the Dorkinses. - .
Lets give the Smiths a surprise. -
.
The Bakers are moving. - .
171

2.
: .
.
Mr Bliss started off. - .
Where did he turn? - ?
turned to the right. - .
turned sharp at that turning. -
.
drove fast. - .
saw Mr Day in his way. -
.
Did he have time to stop? -
?
No, he ran straight into Mr Day. - ,
.
What was Mr Day doing? - ?
was coming from his garden with a barrow. -
.
3. , barrow [] - , ,
- (load),
barrowload.
had a new barrow. - .
had a barrowload of cabbages. -
, .

W ord -

. - self. , , .
self [self]
selves [selvz]. ,
, f, , leaf
- leaves ().
, .
,
!
172

The Singular -
I do everything myself. - .
I talk to myself. - .
You do everything yourself. - .
You talk to yourself. - .
does everything him self. - .
talks to him self. - .
She does everything herself. - .
She talks to herself. - .
The Plural -
We do everything ourselves. - .
You do everything yourselves. - .
They do everything themselves. - .
- self
-.
Tim washes himself. - .
His father shaves himself. - .
Help yourself to the cakes. - .
You can hurt yourself. - .

self washes shaves.
( self).
. - comes back home.
. - changes.
. - They dress for the theatre.
, ,
. While the Bakers are changing and dressing
what are Pooh and Piglet doing?
173

C onversation -
Piglet:
Pooh:
Piglet:
Pooh:
Piglet:
Pooh:

Hello, Pooh! What are you doing?


I am hunting.
What are you hunting?
I am tracking something.
What are you tracking?
That is just what I am asking myself: What?

Translation -

.
Pooh is hunting. - .
is tracking something. - - .
- -ing.
, reading. ,
.
reading ,
,
.
Tim likes reading. - .
Reading is his favourite pastime. - -
.
Tim is reading a detective story. - ()
.
We see a boy reading a book. - ,
.
sits at the table reading his book. -
, .
is a reading person. - - .
often goes to the reading room. -
.
When reading he turns on the reading-lamp. - ,
.

174

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Put the sentences in the present continuous. ,
now ().
Example: The Bakers have lunch at one oclock.
They are having lunch now.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Mr Bliss rides to the village every day.


They visit their friends in the summer.
Tim listens to music when he comes home.
He does his homework after lunch.
The cat hunts for mice when night comes.
Mr Baker drives to work every morning.
Pooh eats honey for breakfast.
The sun rises early.
The Bakers watch television in the evening.
Mr Baker shaves regularly.

Exercise 2. Translate the sentences into English using the


present continuous. -
, .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

16

Lesson Sixteen
A Birthday Present

P ronunciation -

[] must, butter, bulb, cut, dust, hunt, run, mother


[ju:] mule, tulip, pupil, cute, mute, suit, new, few

Gram m ar -
,
-
. .
We are moving tomorrow. She is coming soon. -
They are leaving on Friday.
I am going to her birthday. -

.
.
- .
.

C onversation -
Tim:
Kate:
Tim:
Kate:
Tim:
Kate:
Tim:
Kate:
Tim:

Good morning, Kate.


Good morning.
Are you going to Dicks birthday?
Oh, is it today?
No, it is tomorrow. It is on the second.
Yes, now I remember. His birthday is on Tuesday.
Thats right. And today is Monday.
What are you going to give him?
I will give him a few cassettes.

Notes -
- ? present [p ri'z e n t]
, - .

176

give. present
['prezant], .
I am going to give him a box of chocolates. -
.
Can 1 give him a puppy? - , ?

Phrases -
: ,
, ... Dicks birthday is on
Tuesday, not on Monday.
, ,
. What day is it today?
,
: Sunday, Monday... ,
: , .
When in Rome, do as the Romans do. , -
: When in England, do as the English do.
, , .
, ,
.
:
on.
Mr Baker is leaving on Sunday ['sAndi]. -
.
Grandma is coming on Monday ['mAndi]. -
.
Dick is having his birthday party on Tuesday [4ju:zdi]. .
The Browns are moving on Wednesday ['w enzdi]. -
.
Mrs Green is flying to Russia on Thursday ['0a:zdi]. .
We are going to the country on Friday ['fra id i]. -
.
They are playing tennis on Saturday ['saetadi]. -
.

177

D iscussion -
weekdays
(). weekend, (end of the week), . at on.
They spend their weekends in the country. -
.
What do you usually do on weekends? -
?
What are you doing at the weekend? -
() ?
,
. .
. ,
.
Anns birthday is on the 1st of January ['d3 aenjuari].
Dicks birthday is on the 2nd of February ['fe bru a ri].
Kates birthday is on the 3rd of March [incut]-].
The fanners birthday is on the 4th of April ['e ip ril].
His wifes birthday is on the 5th of May [mei].
His sons birthday is on the 6th of June [d3 u:n].
Mr Bakers birthday is on the 7th of July [d3 u:'lai].
Mrs Bakers birthday is on the 8th of August ['o:gast].
Tims birthday is on the 9th of September [sap'temba].
Your birthday is on the 10th of October [ak'touba].
My birthday is on the 11th of November [nou'vemba].
Whose birthday is on the 12th of December [di'semba]?
.
? There are twelve months in a year.
? There are four weeks in a month.
? There are seven days in a week. ?
There are twenty-four hours in a day.
178

C onversation -
- , ,
,
: Hatter (), March Hare (
) Dormouse ().
.
, ?
, ?
, date (, ): What
date is it today? : What is the date today?

: did -
do, was (, , ) - be.
King:
Hatter:
Hare:
Dormouse:

When did you begin your tea?


On the fourteenth of March.
No, it was on the fifteenth.
No, it was on the sixteenth...

Phrases -
. Tim is
going to give Dick a few cassettes.
. Mr Bliss is going to visit the
Dorkinses. , :
- ,
be going to. be am, are, is.
.
I am going to write to him. - .
You are going to have lunch. - .
She is going to cry. - .
It is going to rain. - () .
? We are going to Dicks birthday.
We are going to wish Dick many happy returns of the day.
179

W ord -
, ,
. We must buy a present.
must . ,
: , , . :
, .
We must keep together. - .
must stay here. - .
You must not bring animals to school. -
.
You must not have too much sugar. -
.
Must , ,
. . Must
- .
, ,
.
The S im ple P resent

The Singular
I must buy a present.
You m ust buy a present.
He m ust buy a present.

The Plural
We m ust buy a present.
You m ust buy a present.
They must buy a present.

m ust ,
. not.
Must we go? - ?
Yes, you must. - , .
No, you must not. - , .
180

C onversation -

.
- , .
Kanga: Roo, dear, we must
go home.
Roo: Just one more jump!
Kanga: We really must be
going!
Roo: Must we?
Kanga: Now, jump into my
pocket.
Roo: Off we go!
Kanga: It is time to have lunch.
Roo: Is it?
Kanga: But first you must
have your medicine.
Roo: Oh, must I?

, ,
.
!

!
?
,
.
!
.
?

.
, ?

G ram m ar -
,
. She is splashing in a pool of her tears.
Suddenly she hears that something is splashing near her.
What is it? ? What can it be?
At first she thinks that it m ust be a walrus.
, ... ... , , ,
, . , m ust
, .
You must be hungry. - , , .
That must be Tim. - , , .
They must be English. - , , .
It must be late. - , .
181

D iscussion -
. We bought a present.
, - .
: Many happy returns of the day!
(
), :
!
Happy birthday to
you! , , !
, ? How old is he?
? When was he born? ?
,
in: in January ( ), in 1982 ( 1982 ), in the
21st century ( 21- ).
.

.
1066 - ten sixty-six ( )
1815 - eighteen fifteen ( )
1952 - nineteen fifty-two ( )
,
hundred ['hAndrid] ().
[]. 2000 : the year
two thousand ( ).
It happened in 410 (four hundred and ten). -
410 .
There was a rebellion in 1800 (eighteen hundred). -
1800 .
The war began in 1805 (eighteen five). -
1805 .
You will be fifteen in 2004 (the year two thousand and
four). - 2004 .

182

C onversation -
is s,
its it is, isnt is not, shes she is,
th a ts that is heres here is.

A t a B irthday Party


Tim: Hello, Dick. Happy
birthday to you!
Dick: Thanks for coming.
Tim : Heres something for you.
Just a few cassettes.
Dick: Great! I like this kind
of music.
Tim: It is my favourite singer.
Dick: Is your sister coming?
Tim : No, she must study for
the physics class
tomorrow.
Dick: Oh, thats a pity...
Tim: And wheres Kate?
Dick: She must be... Oh, yes,
shes standing near
the window. Over there.
Tim : Who is that girl with her?
Dick: Which one?
Tim : The one wearing a
blue dress.
Dick: Thats my sisters friend.
Tim: I see...
Dick: Are you going to dance?
Look, everyone is dancing.
Tim: A little later.
Dick: Well, what about a Coke?
Tim: Yes, lets have one.

, .
!
, .
.
!
.
.
?
,

.
...
?
, ... , ,
.
.
?
?
, .
.
...
?
, .
.
-?
, .

183

Notes -
learn [1:]
. , ,
. learned to walk when he was a year old.
. learned to
read at the age of four.
; he learns history
['h is ta ri] (), geography [d3 i'o g ra fi] (),
biology [bai'olad 3 i] ().
study ['stA d i] , -
- - , ,
, .
Tims uncle studies to be an economist. -
, .
studies economics at Oxford University. -
.
is studying for his exams. - ()
.
-
: mathematics [,mae9i'maetiks] (), physics
['fiz ik s ] (), econom ics [,i:k9'nom iks] ().
Mathematics maths [mae6s].
Mathematics is his favourite subject. -
.
She is a physics teacher. - .
We had a maths lesson. - .

W ord -
One , :
one man ( ), one apple ( ). One
,
. : everyone
['evriw An] - , ; someone ['sAmwAn] - -;
anyone [eniwAn] - , ; no one ['nouwAn]
- ; [ ] - , .
184

Everyone knows him. - .


Someone took my key. - - .
Anyone can do it. - .
There is no one in the street. - .
None of them knows you. - .
: one ,
.
, . One
book.
I like this book and I do not like that one. -
().
His car broke down so he bought a new one. -
, ().
Tim had a sandwich. Then he had another one. -
. .
That girl, the one dancing with Dick, is my sister. -
, , , .

Q uotation -
(. 11, . 23)
: , .
.
If anyone is not with me, he is against me.
Anyone who is not for me is really against me.

Phrases -
What about (
), .
What about
What about
What about
?
What about

a cup of tea? - ?
an apple? - ?
a game of chess? -
going to the cinema? - ,
?
185

R eading -
commandment [lo'mcundmant]
command (, ).
,
(. 20, . 3-18).

The Commandments

You must not have any other god except me.


You must not make for yourselves any idols.
You must not worship or serve any idol.
You must not use the name of the Lord your God
thoughtlessly.
You must not murder anyone.
You must not steal.
You must not tell lies about your neighbour in court.
You must not want to take your neighbours house.
You must not want to take anything that belongs to your
neighbour.

Words -
except [ik'sept] - , ; idol ['aidl] - ,
; worship ['w3:Jip] - , ; serve [sa:v]
- ; thoughtlessly ['0o:tlisli] - , ;
murder ['maida] - ; steal [stid] - ; lie [lai] , ; neighbour ['neiba] - ; court [kod] ; belong [bi'lorj] - .

Notes -
1.
-
,
. , must - ,
,
. : , ...

186

, must
do not: Do not make for yourselves
images. Do not use my name for evil purposes. Do not steal...
murder ,
; kill.
2.
, lord - ,
. Lord ,
, God (), ,
.

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Put the sentences in the simple present. .
Example: Tims mother is making tea. (every morning)
She makes tea every morning.
Tim is going to see his grandma, (often)
He often goes to see her.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

The boys are coming with us. (always)


Ann is taking her dog for a walk, (every morning)
Mrs Green is going to France, (every year)
Pooh and Piglet are hunting, (now and again)
The children are helping their mum. (often)
Mr Smith is riding on horseback, (usually)
Tim and Dick are playing football, (on weekends)
Nick is writing a letter to his aunt, (simetimes)
The Bakers are watching TV. (every evening)
The Hatter is washing teacups, (never)

Exercise 2. Name the dates. - .


5 January; 10 March; 7 October; 10 August; 2 February; 9
July; 1 May; 3 September; 11 April; 4 June; 6 December; 12
November.

187

Exercise 3. Make new sentences. -


.
Example: When are they setting off? ()
They are setting o ff at the weekend.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

When
When
When
When
When
When
When
When

is Kate leaving for Moscow? ()


is Tims grandma coming? ()
is Dick having his birthday party? ()
are the Browns moving? ()
is Mr Baker going to France? ()
are Tim and Dick playing tennis? ()
is Tim going to the theatre? ()
do people go to work? ( )

Exercise 4. Translate the sentences into English. -


, m ust
m ust not.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

.
.
.
12 .
.
.
.
.
.
.

Lesson Seventeen

17

At Work and at Leisure



P ronunciation -
[ei]
[ou]
[au]
[ai]

blame, paint, mistake, strange, rain, able


so, rose, hole, road, soul, grow, own, old
about, sound, brown, crown, now, flower
line, time, white, high, cry, find, silent, right

Gram m ar -

.
, , : love
(), want (), w ish (), see (), hear
(), understand (), remember ().
We see a gardener watering flowers. -
, .
We like her singing today. - ,
.
She hears that someone is splashing in the pool. -
, - .
I know the boy wearing a white shirt. - ,
.
Remember what I am saying. - ,
.
:
. Alice is talking to three gar
deners. What are they doing?
. They are painting white roses red. Why? They
will tell us why they are doing it. ,
.
189

Reading -
- . They are playing
cards. Seven, Five Two - ,
.
- -
colour.
I paint the wall white. - .
paints it black. - .

Funny G ardeners


Alice: How strange! The roses on that rosebush are white,
but those three gardeners are painting them red.
Two: Look out, Five! You are splashing paint all over me!
Five: It isnt my fault. Seven keeps pushing my elbow.
Seven: No. You stop blaming me!
Five: Keep silent! The Queen will soon cut off your head.
Two: What for?
Seven: That isnt your business.
Five: Yes, it is his business. I know the reason: its because
he gave the cook tulip bulbs instead of onions.
Alice: Tell me, please, why are you painting those roses?
Two: Well, you see, miss...The fact is, the Queen wanted
to have a red rosebush, and we planted a white one
by mistake. If she finds out, she will cut off our
heads. So we are doing our best before she...
Five: Look, the Queen is coming! We are lost!
Words -
ro s e b u s h [ 'r o u z b u j-] - ; fa u lt [fo:lt] - ; p u s h
[ p u j ] - ; e lb o w [ 'e lb o u ] - ; b la m e [ b l e im ] ; c o o k [ k u k ] - ; b u lb [1] - (
); in s te a d [ in 's t e d ] - ; fin d o u t [ 'f a i n d 'a u t ] , ().

190

Notes -
1. w ill .
-ed - .
If the Queen finds out, she will cut off their heads. -
, .
She wanted red roses. - .
They planted white ones. - .
2. -
, .
see .
Well, you see, miss... - , , ...
Well, the fact is... - , ...
Miss [m is] ,
. ,
, Miss Lovely, :
Miss Ann Rosy.
3. :
. says, We are doing our best.
do ones best .
They are doing their best. - .
I am doing my best. - .
did his best. - , .

Phrases -
Look out now! - , !
Keep silent! - ()!
It isnt my fault. - . : .
You stop blaming me! - !
It isnt your business. - ( ) .
We are lost. - .

191

W ord -
keep |ki:p] ,
, .
Smith keeps cows. - .
keeps grain in a barn. - .
Keep meat in a fridge. - .
Keep , ,
.
keep -ing.
Alice keeps crying. - .
keeps pushing me. - .
The TV keeps breaking. - .
: Open you mouth!
. , : Keep
it open. : Smile!
. ,
: Keep sm iling!

C onversation -

- Eeyore ['i:jo:],
-.
Pooh:
Piglet:
Pooh:
Piglet:
Pooh:
Piglet:
Pooh:
Piglet:
Pooh:
Piglet:
192

I am thinking about Eeyore...


What about Eeyore?
Well, poor Eeyore has nowhere to live.
No, he does not.
You have a house, Piglet, and I have a house...
And Christopher Robin has a house...
And even Rabbits friends and relations have houses.
Everyone except Eeyore has a house.
Lets build him one.
Thats a great idea!

Notes -
1.
- , ,
, : I am thinking.
What is he thinking about? - ?
is thinking about Eeyore. - .
is sitting on the fence and thinking about his friend. .
thinking? (
-) ,
- . ,
think.
I think that you are right. - , .
I think that we must paint the fence green. - ,
.
I think that we can solve this problem. - ,
.
think
, , .
Is he clever? - ?
Well, I do not think so. - He .
Are you coming with us? - ?
I do not think so. - , .

Q uestion -
? ?
: has nowhere ['nouwes] to live ,
. , , . Everyone
except him has a house. one
house.
He does not have a house. - .
Lets build him one. - .
193

W ord -
have (,
). ,
have got. They say have got instead of have.
: ,
do. ,
,
- :
Pooh: Have you got a balloon about you?
Boy: Well, I have got two of them.
,
have
do.
Do you have a balloon about you? -
?
I have two of them. - .
,
have. - ,
, , ,
... -: We
have a car. We have lunch at 1 oclock. We have soup for
lunch. The soup has a nice taste.
, have
.

Have a Snack and Have Some Fun


Tim has breakfast at eight in the morning. -
.
For breakfast he usually has a boiled egg, toast and butter
and a cup of tea. -
, ,
.
194

He has six or seven classes every day. - .


They have a break for tea at eleven oclock. -
.
has a cup of tea and some biscuits. -
.
has lunch at about one oclock. -
.
For lunch Tim has tomato soup, chicken or fish and chips.
- ,
.
Most English people have a cup of tea now and again
between breakfast, lunch and supper. -

, .
Tim is having a party tonight. - .
is having some guests. - .
His mum says, Have a snack. - :
.
Have some cheese sandwiches, she says. -
, - .
Have some more tea. - .
They have a lot of fun. - .

Grammar -
, have. You
can have a lot of things using have.
: ,
, .
- . Everybody drops a stick into the stream.
:
.
: () stick, your () stick, his
() stick, her () stick, our () sticks...
? Whose is this? .
195

- ,
, . ,
stick, ,
your.
Whose stick is it? ,
stick .
The Singular -
Its
Its
Its
Its

mine [main]. - .
yours [ j o : z ] . - .
his [ h i z ] . - .
hers [ h 9 : z ] , - .
The Plural -

These are ours [']. - .


These are yours [ j o : z ] . - .
These are theirs []. - .

C onversation -
Here It Comes!

!
Rabbit: Go!
Pooh: Now quick to the other
side of the bridge.
Piglet: Now whose stick will
come first?
Roo: I can see mine!
Piglet: Can you see yours?
Pooh: Mine? No.
Roo: I can see mine. No,
I cannot...
Pooh: Rabbit, my stick is
stuck.
Rabbit: They take longer than
you think.
196

!

.
,
?
!
?
? .
. ,
...
,
.
,
.

Pooh: I can see yours, Piglet.


Roo: Yes, its his! Its
Piglets!
Piglet: Mine is greyish.
Roo: Come on, stick!
Pooh: Look, its coming.
Piglet: Are you sure its mine?
Pooh: Yes, because its grey.
Piglet: Yes, mine is grey.
Pooh: A big grey one.
Here it comes! Oh, no...
Piglet: What?
Pooh: A very big grey...
It is Eeyore...

, .
, !
!
.
, !
, .
, ?
, .
, - .
.
. , ...
?
, ...
...

Notes -
1. I can see
. , ,
.
.
. Listen to the guide.
Now you can see the Houses of Parliament on your left. , , .
Now we are turning into Trafalgar Square and you can see
the National Gallery on your right. -
,
.
2. They take longer than you think.
they . take
(- ),
(- ), (- ). Longer
, .
?
:
, .
197

3.
; there is a play on
words: my stick is stuck ( ). Stuck (
) - stick, -
, stick. , :
.
stick [s tik ] , , .
stick [s tik ] v (stuck) 1. ; 2. .

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Fill in the blanks with one of the following
words. - :
best, because, blame, cut off, elbow, except, fault, great,
instead, keep, mine, mistake, nowhere, paint, reason, side.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.

Five is splashing ... all over Two.


Five says that it is not his ... .
He says that Seven keeps pushing his ... .
Seven tells him not to ... him.
Five wants Seven to ... silent.
He says that the Queen will soon ... Sevens head.
He knows the ... why the Queen is angry.
Seven gave the cook some tulip bulbs ... of onions.
They planted white roses by ... .
They are doing their ... before she finds out.
The donkey has ... to live.
Everyone ... him has a house.
Pooh has a ... idea.
They hurry up to the other ... of the bridge.
He says, I cannot see your stick. I can see ... .
He is sure that it is his stick ...it is grey.

Lesson Eighteen

18

Next Door to Each Other



P ronunciation -
[ia] ear, dear, near, hear, fear, real, here, mere
[ea] air, hair, pair, bear, tear, wear, care, mayor
tear [tea] ()
tear [tia] ().

Reading -
,
, ,
.

W hich Is the B etter Station?

?
Part I
Two London railway stations live next door to each other.
They are always quarrelling: which of them is better?
Station
Station
Station
Station
Station
Station
Station
Station
Station

1:
2:
1:
2:
1:
2:
1:
2:
1:

I have diesel-engines as well as steam-engines.


So do I.
And I have a cafeteria.
So do I!
Is it open on Sundays?
Yes, it is open on Sundays.
Really?
I have ten platforms and you have only seven.
I am two times as tall as you are. And your clock
is slow.

199

Notes -
1. - , ?
what ().
What cars do you like? - ?
I like sports cars. - .
I like the Jaguar. - .
,
which (, ).
which.
Which car do you like? - ( )
?
Which car is faster, the Jaguar or the Panther? -
, ?
Which station is older, which of them is better? -
, ?
2. , . Is
there a waitingroom? , ,
. Each of them has a waitingroom.
Each, , .
each other .
There is a platform on each side of the track. -
() .
Each platform has a number. -
.
The two stations are next door to each other. - ()
.
The stations dislike each other. -
.
The stations are jealous of each other. -
.
Each of them has a few platforms. -
.

200

3. ? It goes out from


platform two.
, .
I take bus (number) ten. - .
They are in room twenty. - .
You need platform five. - .
We read about it in lesson eleven. -
.
- firs t, fifth , tenth? : bus ten , - . Take the tenth
bus ,
, .
4. ,
. tw o tim es ( ).
I am two times as tall as you. - .
It is three times as big. - .

G ram m ar -

have to. have to ,
, , .
They have to go faster. - .
I have to hurry up. - .
must? ,
have to must,
. Must ,
, . I m ust hurry up
: .
have to ,
- .
.

201

, , . We are after
dragons.
. : ! We
must cross the river. ,
. The dragons destroyed the bridge.
, ,
.
We have to swim. - .
One of us cannot swim. - .
has to find a boat. - .
have to,
do, do not. ,
, do does.
Do we have to change trains? -
( )?
Yes, you do. - , .
No, you do not. - , .
Does he have to pay for the luggage? -
?
Yes, he does. - , .
No, he does not. - , .

Reading -
, ,
, : they go faster
( quicker).
: it is far behind. : both
clocks go very fast. , each, both
[bou0] ()
of.
Both trains are leaving. - .
Both of them are express trains. -
. : ().
202

Which Is the Better Station?

?
Part II
The clock of Station Two ticks as fast as it can. It ticks so
fast that soon the clock of Station One is far behind. And the
clock of Station One begins to hurry up, too. They both go
faster and faster. And now the trains have to go faster, too, so
as not to be late. Quicker and quicker go the clocks and
faster and faster go the trains. At last they have no time even
to set down their passengers.
So the trains have to go faster and the passengers in them
wave their umbrellas out of the windows.
Hey, stop! they cry.
No! say the engines. We cannot stop. We have to hurry
up or well be late. Look at the clock!
Now both clocks are going so fast that at one moment it
is morning and at the next moment it is evening again.
Notes -

: ! .
Both of them do not want to stay behind.
. The steam-engines do not want to be late.
The clock ticks as fast as it can. -
, .
The trains have to go faster so as not to be late. , .
They have no time even to set down their passengers. .
They have to hurry up or they will be late. -
, .
The clocks are going so fast that at one moment it is
morning and at the next moment it is evening again. -
, ,
.
203

Q uestion -
faster, quicker.
?
: fast quick - ,
, . Both of
them mean . ,
, ,
. Fast, ,
.
It is a fast car. - .
The train goes fast. - .
My watch is fast. - .
fast quick,
quickly. , quick
.
Come quick! - !
We had a quick meal. - .
does everything quickly. - .
is as quick as lightning. - , .
She is quick to learn. - . :
.

Reading -
,
: I must be going too slow! Must, ,
: , ,
.
- . . is the
head of the City of London. -
.
. The Queen has to interfere.
, Your Majesty [jo:'maed3 is ti],
.
204

Which Is the Better Station?

?
Part III
The sun is very surprised.
I must be going too slow! it thinks.
So it hurries up and now it rises and then sets almost at
once. The people all over London get up and in a minute they
have to go to bed, and then get up again.
Finally the Lord Mayor of London says to the Queen, Your
Majesty, I think we must go and give a medal to some
London station.
Why? asks the Queen.
Then these two stations will be so jealous that they will
stop quarrelling.
Thats a good idea! says the Queen.
And she gives a gold medal to one of the London railway
stations. Station One and Station Two are surprised and they
stop quarrelling.
They say, Why, we are better than that station!
They do not quarrel with each other any more. Station One
says to Station Two, Lets be friends.
Yes, lets! says Station Two.
They become friends and stop quarrelling. Their clocks
stop going too fast and their trains do not hurry any more.
Everyone is very pleased.
Notes -
London ,
: a London street
( ), London parks ( ), some
London station (- ).
.
The stations will be so jealous that they will stop quar
relling. - ,
.
205

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Make these sentences interrogative. -
.
Example: The clock goes faster.
Does it go faster?
The gardeners are painting the roses.
Are they painting the roses?
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

The clock begins to hurry up.


The clocks are ticking as quickly asthey can.
The trains have to go faster.
The trains have no time to setdown the passengers.
It is evening again.
The sun is surprised.
The Queen gives a medal to a London station.
The stations stop quarrelling.
They become friends.
Everyone is pleased.
The boy does everything quickly.
The girl is quick to learn.

Exercise 2. Translate the sentences using have to. , have to.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

.
.
, .
- .
.
.
.
.
, .
?

Lesson Nineteen

19

The Bananas or Your Life!


!
P ronunciation -
[u:]
[]
[a;]
[]

two, who, whose, lose, blue, true, crew, brew


us, bus, hundred, rush, but, butter, cup, nut
firm, first, shirt, third, burn, nurse, turn
about, ago, away, matter, passenger, umbrella

C onversation -
Kate:
Tim:
Kate:
Tim:
Kate:
Tim:
Kate:
Tim:
Kate:
Tim:
Kate:
Tim:
Kate:
Tim:

Hello, Tim.
Sorry, I am in a hurry. I have no time for a talk.
Whats the matter?
Well, I just... I have to meet my mum at six oclock.
Its ten to six by my watch.
Is it? Your watch must be fast.
Mine? No, it always tells the right time.
Then I must fly!
Why are you in such a hurry?
Mum is taking me to the theatre. It begins at six.
What are you going to see?
Well, its some play. Shakespeare, I think.
Oh, really? Do you like the theatre?
No, its my mum, she makes me go.

Notes -
1.
, -
, .
Its time to go. - .
I must be off. - .
I must fly! - !
207

2. make
, .
Dad makes me get up early. -
. : .
Mum makes me go to the theatre. -
. : .
Make them hurry up. - . :
, .
3. ... ? , play
- . ? :
- , , - -
game.
This theatre stages Shakespeares plays. -
.
There is a Shakespeare play tonight. -
() - .
Football is a team game. - - .
Chess is a board game. - - .
My favourite computer game is Dragons. -
- .
? game, ?
: - acting.
to play a part. player,
- actor.
What can you say of the performance? -
?
The play was funny. - .
The acting was wonderful. -
.
I liked the actor playing the main part. -
, .
The production is a great success on the whole. -
, .

208

4.
some
, , game,
, -.
There is some comedy at the Old Theatre tonight. -
() - .
Come to some day. - -.
Lets go there some other time. -
- .

W ord -
fa st
, , . firs t
,
. : best
, , , .
It was my first visit to the Pushkin Theatre. -
.
I remember the day when I first went to the theatre. -
, .
I think that he is the best actor in the company. -
, .
I liked him as Hamlet best. -
.
best,
, -
.
is my best friend. - .
It is one of the best places in the world. -
.
All for the best. - .
All the best! - !
I am doing my best. - , .
I wish you all the best. - .

209

Reading -
Tim likes football most of all. Mr Bliss likes bright colours.
The best thing for Pooh is a pot of honey.
? What do Tiggers like best?

W hat Do Tiggers Like?

?
Part I
Pooh:
Tigger:
Pooh:
Tigger:
Pooh:
Tigger:
Pooh:
Tigger:
Pooh:

Do Tiggers like honey?


They like everything.
Have some honey then.
Yum-yum... No, Tiggers do not like honey.
What do they like?
They like everything except honey.
Do they like acorns?
Yes! Acorns are what Tiggers like best.
Then lets visit Piglet.

Gram m ar -
(direct speech) -
- - ,
.
.

. - .
says, Tiggers eat acorns. - ;
.
They do not like honey, he says. -
, - .
.
- , ,
- .

210

Have some honey, says Pooh. - , .


Do not quarrel! said the Queen. - He , .
: .
- ,
.
Do you like acorns? Piglet asks. - ?
- .
Where are you going, Mr Bliss? he asks himself. -
, ? - .
,
.

Reading -
W hat Do Tiggers Like?

?
Part II
Piglet:
Pooh:
Piglet:
Pooh:
Piglet:
Tigger:
Pooh:
Tigger:
Pooh:
Tigger:
Pooh:
Piglet:
Tigger:
Pooh:

Hello, Pooh.
Hello, Piglet. This is Tigger.
Is it? So big!
Tiggers like acorns. Poor Tigger wants his breakfast.
Help yourself, Tigger.
Yum-yum... Ex....
What?
Excuse me... Tiggers do not like acorns.
But you said...
Yes, they like everything except honey and acorns.
Oh, I see!
What about thistles?
Thistles? Thistles are what Tiggers like most of all.
Then we must see Eeyore.

211

Grammar -
,
- .
(direct speech)
(indirect speech).

, say that ().
says, Tiggers eat acorns.
He says that Tiggers eat acorns. - , .
They do not like honey, he says.
He says that they do not like honey. - ,
.
, ,
te ll (, ).
Pooh tells Piglet that Tiggers like acorns. -
, .
tells Piglet that Tiggers do not eat honey. -
, .
,
- , tell.
Have some honey, says Pooh.
Pooh tells Tigger to have some honey. -
.
Do not eat thistles! he says.
Pooh tells Tigger not to eat thistles. -
.
.
do ( does),
if ().
ask ().
212

Do you have a balloon? says Pooh.


Pooh asks the boy if he has a balloon. -
, .
Are you going to Dicks birthday? asks Tim.
Tim asks Kate if she is going to Dicks birthday. -
, .
,
-
what () where ().
:
, ,
.
What do you do on Sundays? Tim asks.
Tim asks Kate what she does on Sundays. -
, .
Where are you going at the weekend? he asks.
He asks (her) where she is going at the weekend. -
(), .

Q uestion -
, ? :
, ,
.
, ,
.
:
, ,
.
"Take the car and leave your bicycle, says Mr Binks.
He tells Mr Bliss to take the car and leave the bicycle.
He says that Mr Bliss can take the car, but he must leave
his bicycle.
He gives Mr Bliss the car, but he wants him to leave the
bicycle in the shop.
He lets Mr Bliss take the car. But he keeps his bicycle.
213

Phrases -
, Help yourself.
,
. ,
, .
Help yourself to,
, .
, ,
.
Help yourself to the biscuits. - .
Pooh helps himself to the honey. - .
The Hatter helped himself to some more bread and butter.
- .

Help yourself ,
have take.
Have another cake. - .
Have some more chicken. - .
I took some salad. - .
I had another cup of tea. - .
.
? ,
... :
.
, : ,
. .
Have some honey, Pooh says.
Pooh gives him some honey. - .
Pooh offers him some honey. - .
Do Tiggers like acorns? Pooh asks.
Pooh wants to know if Tiggers like acorns. -
, . : ,
.
214

Reading -
:
...
.

A Chain o f A ccidents


Mr Day says, Help me to get up. Now I cannot walk.
Mr Bliss has to pick up Mr Day. He puts him and his
cabbages in the back of his car.
Then he goes on again and turns sharp to the left and runs
into Mrs Knight with her donkey and cart piled with bananas.
My cart! cries Mrs Knight. It is smashed!
Mr Bliss has to pile the bananas on top of the cabbages,
and Mrs Knight on top of Mr Day. He ties the donkey to the
back of the car.
Mr Day says, Can we go faster?
No, says Mr Bliss. The car is very full now and I cannot
make it go faster.
Soon they drive into the wood, because the road runs
through the middle of it. Of course the bears come out and
stand in the middle of the road. They wave their arms. Stop!
they cry to Mr Bliss.
The names of the bears are Archie, Teddy and Bruno.
Mr Bliss has to stop. He cannot get by. If he does not
stop, he will run over them!
I like bananas, says Teddy.
And I like cabbages, says Archie.
And I want a donkey! says Bruno.
And we all want a car, they all say together.
But you cannot have this car, it is mine, says Mr Bliss.
And you cannot have these cabbages - they are mine,
says Mr Day.
And you cannot have these bananas, or this donkey they are mine, says Mrs Knight.
Then we will eat you all up! say the bears.
215

W ord -
:
We w ill eat you up. up? ?
? , .
up , ,
- .
Everyone stands up. - .
Put the box this side up. -
.
drives up the hill. - .
Pooh looks up and sees Tigger. -
.
Mr Bliss picks up Mr Day. -
.
His bedroom is upstairs. - .
Tigger and Roo are up in the tree. -
.
, up
- .
Pooh comes up to the tree. - .
blows up a balloon. - .
up ,
.
The bears want to eat. - .
They eat up those who come to the wood. -
, .
Alice drinks the bottle. - .
She drinks up the bottle. - .
Binks buys bananas. - .
bought up all bananas in the village. -
.
216

Q uestion -
: ?
, Hello. , ,
Good morning.
: , .
Pooh says hello to Tigger. - .
Tim says good morning to Mrs Green. -
.
: , ,
.
: .
My cart! It is smashed, cries Mrs Knight.
Mrs Knight is angry because her cart is smashed. -
- , .

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Put in the missing prepositions. -
: at, by, for, in, into, of, on, to,
through, with.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

Tim meets his mother ... six oclock.


They go ... the theatre.
Tim can walk there or go ... bus.
It is ten minutes to six ... Kates watch.
Tim has no time ... a talk.
Tim does not go ... school ... Sundays.
They go ... a drive ... the country.
Mr Bliss gets ... his bicycle.
He turns ... the right and runs ... Mrs Knight.
He puts her ... the back ... his car.
Mrs Knights cart is piled ... bananas.
They drive ... the wood.
The road runs ... the middle ... the wood.
217

Exercise 2. Put the sentences in indirect speech. -


.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.

Help me to get up, Mr Day saysto Mr Bliss.


He says, Now I cannot walk.
Mr Bliss says, Put your cabbages in the car.
My cart is smashed, Mrs Knight says.
Mr Bliss says, We can tie the donkey to the car.
Can we go faster? Mr Day asks.
Mr Bliss says, The car is very full now.
He says, I cannot make it go faster.
Stop! the bears cry to Mr Bliss.
Mr Bliss says, I have to stop.
He says, If I do not stop, I will runover them!
I like bananas, says Teddy.
I like cabbages, says Archie.
I want a donkey! says Bruno.
And we want a car, they all say.
You cannot have my car, says Mr Bliss.
We will eat you all up! say the bears.

Exercise 3. Answer the questions. - .


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Why does Mr Bliss has topick up Mr Day?


Where does he put him and hiscabbages?
What happens at the next turning?
What is there in Mrs Knights cart?
Why do they drive into the wood?
Who comes out of the wood?
What do the bears do?
Why does Mr Bliss stop?

Lesson Twenty

20

With Best Wishes



P ronunciation -
ght [t].
[ai]: light - ; bright - ;
delight - ; fig h t - , ; night - ; right
- ; sight - ; tight - ; m ight - .
i [a i] Id
nd: child - ; m ild - ; w ild - ; behind
- ; find - ; kind - ; mind - ;
remind - .

D iscussion -
, - .
Lets write something.
. Lets find a pen-friend.
Pen - ? . ...
? You think that nobody writes letters with a
pen today. No, why, some people do. , .
, . Well, we
can use a typewriter. No? Do you need a computer to write
a letter? Lets use a computer.

. They put their address in the upper righthand corner of the sheet.
. We ask Tim to write a
letter to Russia. Let him first write his address.
: it is number 21.
: it is Park Street. - : it is
London. ,
: the United Kingdom (
), UK.
219

21 Park Street
London UK
April 12
Hello,
I am Tim Baker. I am thirteen. I live in London. My
address is 21 Park Street. My dad works in a bank. I have a
computer. My favourite computer game is Goblins. What is
your hobby? We have French at school. I learn Russian, too.
I know some Russian words. I have a sister. She is younger
than me.
With best wishes,
Tim.
hello ,
, . W ith
best wishes
.
dear (, ),
.

Dear Pen-friend,
Hello! My name is Tim Baker. I live in London. My school
is not far from our place. It takes just fifteen minutes when I
walk. The classes begin at 9 am and we have to be in our
formroom at 8.30. If Im late, my dad gives me a lift. There
are twenty children in my class.
I go jogging every day. I like music. My favourite group is
the Bugs. We play football at school. I am a forward. My
favourite food is fish. My father has a job in a bank. My
sister goes to a primary school. She is a quick learner. I learn
Russian. My dad says that in Russia people are strong because
they ski a lot and the cold climate is good for them. Do you
have bears in the woods? What do you do in your spare time?
Please write to me.
Best wishes,
Tim.

220

, : he
goes jogging. running? running
, ,
. jogs. , (forward)
.
,
, Bugs,
, , the Doors, the Anim als, the Deep
Purple... :
, (doors),
(deep purple) - (animals)
(bugs).
,
. ...
form room? , ,
.
homeroom, .
W ord -
. writes about himself. About [a'baut]
, .
I want to tell you about my school. -
.
Do you know anything about Londons history? -
- ?
,
,
. about,
, .
There are about seven million people in London. -
.
London was founded about two thousand years ago. .
Britain was a Roman colony for about four hundred years.
- .
221

D iscussion -
.
, ... Here is a pen, here
is some paper. Go ahead!
.
- Street,
: Ulitsa.

Flat 7
25 Parkovaya Ulitsa
Moscow, 110001
Russia
22 March 2006
Dear Tim,
Thank you for your letter. My name is Nikolai, Kolya for
short. It is Nick in English. I live in Moscow. It is the capital
of Russia. The population of Moscow is about nine million
people. It is an old city. It was founded about a thousand
years ago.
My father is a lecturer. He lectures in physics at Moscow
University. My mother is an English teacher.
We live in a suburb of Moscow. We have a flat in a big
block of flats. Its a residential area.
My father and most local people have jobs in other parts of
the city. I have English at school and I learn it with my mum
at home. Try to use your Russian when you write to me next
time! I play table tennis. After school I would like to work
with computers.
Write me a letter!
Yours sincerely,
Nick.
Words -
for short [fa'Jcct] - ; capital ['kaepitl] - ;
population [,popju'leijn] - ; lecturer ['lektjara] () ; suburb ['sAba:b] - ;
residential [,rezi'denjl] - ; sincerely [sin'sisli] - .
222

Phrases -

, ,
would like,
w ould [ w u d ] ().
would like to study computer science. -
.
would like to become a programmer. -
.
What would you like to do when you finish school? -
, ?

C onversation -
- - ...
? One of the sticks dropped by Pooh and his friends?
, -
? Wrong. . .
Pooh:
Eeyore:
Roo:
Eeyore:
Rabbit:
Eeyore:

Roo:
Eeyore:
Roo:
Pooh:

Look, it isnt a stick, its Eeyore!


Is that so?
Are you playing Poohsticks, too?
I am not.
What are you doing there?
Guess, Rabbit. Digging holes in the ground? Wrong.
Leaping from branch to branch of a young oaktree?
Wrong. Waiting for someone to help me out of the
water? Right.
Look, hes going round and round.
And why not?
I can swim, too!
I have an idea. Im not sure if its a good one...

Words -
guess [ ges] - ; dig [dig] - ; leap [li:p] , ; oaktree ['ouktri:] - .
223

Gram m ar -
,
-,
... ,
.

. ,
: ,
, .
. . - It is dark. It is night.
. . - It is cold. It is winter.
it
.
?
,
, ?
What are you doing there? - ?
Digging holes in the ground. - .
Leaping from branch to branch of a young oaktree. .
:
, , .
-.
.
(Am I) digging holes? - () ?
(Am I) leaping from branch to branch? - ()
?

it, ,
.
.

224

It often rains. - .
It is raining now. - .
It gets dark. - .
It is summer now. - .
It is August. - () .
It is hot. - .
It seems that it is getting even hotter. - ,
.
, .
:
they, -
.
They say, The winter is going to be cold.
They say that the winter is going to be cold.
,
you (, ), we (), people (), everyone (,
).
one (-, -).
You never know. - .
We cannot forget the past. - .
One must have a ticket before boarding a train. -
.
Notes -

, .
that.
I think (that) shes right. - , () .
says (that) hes hot. - , .
He's afraid (that) hes late. - , .
I hope (that) you are better. - , .
They say (that) hes leaving. - , () .

225

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Translate the words in brackets. -
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

London is () of Britain.
Tims () is 21 Park Street.
What is his () computer game?
He () some Russian words.
His () begin at 9 oclock.
He () football, he is ().
If he is late, his father ( ).
Tims favourite food is ().
Tims sister is a quick ().
He is Timothy, or Tim ( ).
The () of Moscow is () nine million.
Are there bears in Russian ()?
Nicks father lectures in ().
They live in () of Moscow.
They have a flat in a big ( ).
Nick learns English ( ) and ().
Rabbit tries () what Eeyore is doing.
Squirrels () from branch to branch.
The man () a hole in ().
He () a young ().

Exercise 2. Translate into English using would like. , would like.


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
226

.
.
.
.
.
() .
.
.
.
.

Exercise 3. Translate into English. -


.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

. .
.
.
. .
, .
.
, .
. .
.
.

Exercise 4. Translate the words in brackets. -


.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

We do not know () he is and () hedoes.


Alice does not know () to do and() to go.
Can you tell her () to get out of the hall?
Guess () Eeyore is doing in the stream.
Do you know () dragons live?
Alice stopped crying () she saw the Mouse.
Please, tell me () I must turn to the right.
I wonder () took my bicycle.
Ask Mr Bliss if he knows () to drive a car.
The Girabbit does not know () it is daytime.
I want to know () the train leaves.
The policeman can tell you () you can get there.
Tell me () I can park my car.
Tell me () this heater works.

Exercise 5. Make sentences of these words. -


.
Example: in/sun/the/is/sky/The
The sun is in the sky.

227

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

cold/is/winter/lt/in/usually/Russia/in
are/They/going/to/in/Moscow/June
a/has/red/Mr Bliss/a/with/house/roof
////*
drop/from/They/bridge/their/sticks/the
Mr Bliss/faster/Mr Day/to/tells/go
Tigger/if/likes^iey/he/honey/ask
Dick/give/his/presents/We/on/birthday

Exercise 6. Divide the text into sentences. Put in capital


letters and full stops. - .
.
These are capital letters: , , .
These are small letters: a, b, c.
A full stop stands at the end of a sentence.
He
: ,
(his party) ,
(from the sky out of the sky).
, ,
.
, : ,
. They say, Have a smooth
flight! -
. The English say, Have a
safe landing!

Meet the D orkinses


The Dorkinses are fat people one of them is especially fat
and they call him the Fat Dorkins or just Fattie he has curly
black hair he wears no coats because he splits them when he
tries to put them on he goes about in a white shirt it has
yellow spots and no sleeves the second fattest of them is
Albert his legs are very short the name of the third Dorkins is

228

Herbert the fourth is Egbert he wears a green jacket when Mr


Bliss comes they are having a picnic on the lawn in front of
their house they are sitting on little stools their lawn is very
nice and they have a nice carpet on the grass there is a
soup-tureen in the middle of the carpet Herbert discovers a
beetle in his soup Egbert sees another beetle on their lovely
carpet he wants to squash it with his spoon at this moment
Mr Bliss and his party fall from the sky onto the Dorkinses,
the soup, the beetle and the lovely carpet.
Words -
fat [faet] - ; especially [is'pejgli] - ; curly
['ko:li ] ; split [split] - ; spot [spot] , ; sleeve [sli:v] - ; leg [leg] - ;
jacket ['d3sekit] - ; lawn [lo:n] - , ; stool
[stu:l] - ; soup-tureen ['su:ptju'ri:n] - ;
discover [dis'kAva] - , ; beetle [bi:tl] - ;
lovely [Uvli] - , ; squash [s kwo j] -
, .

Lesson Twenty-One

21

Of Teachers and Followers



P ronunciation -
Read this rhyme. ,
, .
'Rub-a-dub-'dub,
Three 'men in a 'tub;
And 'who do you 'think they 'be?
The 'butcher, the 'baker,
The 'candlestick 'maker.
'Turn them 'over, 'knaves all 'three!
Rub-a-dub-dub - ,
. , --. []. Tub
,
: , .
tub bathtub.
Butcher ['butja] () :
[], [].
candlestick maker ( )
: ['kaendlstik'meika],
knave [neiv] (, ) .
: knife [naif] - ;
know [nou] - ; knight [nait] - ; knock [nok] ; knee [ni:] - .
,
,
,
.
!

230

Reading -
- ,
.
. Buckingham Palace [ ' bAki Qam' pael is ]
is the residence of the British sovereign.
. : it is the Queens home.
, , .
Wales [ w e i l z ] is part of Great Britain. It is in the southwest
of the country. Southwest means -.

The Secret o f th e Queens Cat


Every year there is a parade in London on the Queen's
birthday and Fog wants to see it very much. But every time
he comes to London the Queen says to the General, We
cannot have the parade today because it is foggy.
And the General orders, Cancel the parade!
Fog feels sad and he goes back to Wales where his home
is. He lives there in the mountains.
Now, at Buckingham Palace, under the Queens chair, lives
a cat, Smokey. She feels sorry for Fog and wants to help him.
Next year, just before the Queens birthday, she writes a letter
to Fog.

Under the Queens chair


The Palace
London
Tuesday
Dear Fog,
Please come to the Palace.
Yours sincerely,
Smokey.
Fog comes to London and they meet in the garden behind
the Palace.

231

Fog: I want so much to see the parade, but they cancel


it every time when I come to London.
Smokey: Tomorrow you must come just when the soldiers
are going on parade. When the General sees you,
he will say, Your Majesty, it is foggy. Shall I cancel
the parade?"
Fog: He always says that.
Smokey: Then, just as the Queen is going to say, Yes,
cancel the parade, you miaow.
Fog: All right. But how do I miaow?
Smokey: Like this, mia-aow.
Fog: All right.
The next morning when the General sees Fog he says, as
usual, Shall I cancel the parade, Your Majesty? I see a fog.
Really? says the Queen.
Yes, madam! says the General.
At this moment Fog says, Mia-oow.
The Queen hears him and says, Really, General, that is a
pussy-cat. You cannot tell fog from a pussy-cat! It miaows! Of
course you cannot cancel the parade!
So at last Fog sees the parade on the Queens birthday!
He feels happy and goes away to his home on the top of the
mountains in Wales. Then he writes to the Queen:

The Mountains
Wales
Friday
Dear Madam,
I feel very happy. It was fun to see the parade on your
birthday. Thank you very much.
Yours sincerely,
Fog.
Best wishes to Smokey.
The Queen cannot understand it. She looks under the
chair and asks, Can you explain it? But Smokey just purrs.
That is her secret.
232

Notes -
: they miaow [m i:'au] and
they purr [:].
-, : foggy
['fo g i] - ; rainy ['re in i] - .
W ill, , .
, ,
shall. te ll som ething from som ething
- -.
Shall I see the parade? - ?
Will the general cancel it? - ?
Will you explain it to me? - ?
Can you tell a rabbit from a' hare? -
?

W ord -
. She feels sorry for Fog.
feel , ().

. feel .
feels happy. - .
She feels glad. - .

.
Fog feels sad. - .
Smokey feels sorry for him. - .
Tim feels cold. - .
His father feels hot. - .
Tigger feels hungry. - .
Alice feels frightened. - .
She feels tired. - .
233

feel - , , .
,
, .
, feel
.
She feels if the water is warm. - ,
. : , .
Mr Bliss feels in his pocket for his purse. -
. :
.
, How are you feeling?
, , ,
- . ,
, ,
How are you? ,
, sm ell (, ).
feel felt.
The doctor felt my pulse. - .
Take this medicine and you will feel better. -
.

Translation -
, ,
say ().
.
:
, , , , , ...
.
say said [sedj.
Where? she said. - ? - .
There! he said. - ! - .
Cant you tell a cat from a dog? she said. -
? - .

234

W ord -
- must.
,
: -
, should.
: [Jud],
Should ,
m ust . should

- .
We should call a doctor. - .
should stay at home. - .
You should not worry. - .
should
. should not
, m ust not, ,
: , , .
Should we call a doctor? - ?
You should not smoke. - .

Q uotation -
should m ust,
, , ,
.
, should.
We should do all things that are right. -
, .
You should be a light to other people. -
.
When you pray, you should go into your room and close
the door. - ,
.

235

, ,
: ?
must should.
( 18:21-22).
Peter came to Jesus and asked, Lord, when my brother
sins against me, how many times must I forgive him? Should
I forgive him as many as seven times?
Jesus answered, I tell you, you must forgive him more
than seven times. You must forgive him even if he does
wrong to you seventy-seven times.
: !
, ?
?
: : ,
.

Gram m ar -

-.
Jesus is a teacher and a preacher. - -
.
Peter is one of his follow ers. - -
.
. ? ,
- . , ,
, ,
What do you do? ,
. There are a lot of jobs, occupations and professions.
-.
I
I
I
I
236

am a manager. - .
work for this company. - .
work in a shop. - .
have a job in an office. - .


-.
bake ()
build () I +
sing ()

baker ()
builder ()
singer ()

, : driver , manager - , m anufacturer -


, miner - , painter - , worker -
, w riter - .
, -
,
: listener - , reader - , dreamer , adm irer - .
, , . ,
, , , ,
: drinker - , , sleeper -
, smoker - , .
,

sleeper, smoker
, , doer.
.
Is the doer known? - , , ?
is a great sleeper. - . :
.
is a good walker. - ( ).
: .
.
farm () - farmer ()
garden () - gardener ()
hat () - hatter ()
237

,
, -er: cinema-goer -
, ; theatre-goer - ,
; baby-sitter - ,
.

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Choose the correct word. -
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

The parade is on/at the Queens birthday.


They cancel the parade except/because it is foggy.
Fog goes by/back/up to Wales.
His house/home is by/on the top of the mountains.
Smokey feels sorry for/after Fog.
She writes to him before/from the Queens birthday.
They meet before/behind the Queens Palace.
The General cannot tell fog for/from a cat.
Fog feels sleepy/happy when he sees the parade.
He goes along/away to Wales.
He writes a letter at/to the Queen.
The Queen looks on/up/under the chair.

Exercise 2. Sort out the jobs and occupations. -


:
, -,
, -or.
man ().
.
Teacher - ; milkman - ; producer -
, ; doctor - ; singer - ; policeman
- ; nurse - ; boatman - ;
housewife - ; sailor - ; manager -
; conductor - ; ; shopkeeper -
; pilot - ; postman - ; driver -
; physician - -; gardener - ; artist

238

- ; ferryman - ; worker - ; juror ; turner - ; baker - ;


musician - ; builder - ; admiral -
; customer - ; salesman - ;
physicist - ; director - , .
Exercise 3. Use a noun with - in new sentences. - .
Poor , ,
, .
Example: Nick swims well.
He is a good swimmer.
Ann cannot swim well.
She is a poor swimmer.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Tims sister dances well.


Dick plays football well.
Tims mother teaches well.
Kate cannot run well.
Binks keeps his shop well.
Bisset writes well.
Alice sings well.
The general commands well.
The mayor speaks well.
I cannot drive well.

Exercise 4. Translate into English using should. -


, should.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
7.
8.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.

Lesson Twenty-Two

22

Horror at Night_____
-
Pronunciation -

. Fist [fist] () feast [fi:st] () -
. ,
, .
dip [dip] - deep [di:p]
pit [pit] - peat [pi:t]
dill [dil] - deal [di:l]
rid [rid] - read [ri:d]
sit [sit] - seat [si:t]
lip [lip] - leap [li:p]
pot [pot] - port [po:t] god [god] - gaud [go:d]
cot [kot] - court [ko:t] wad [wod] - ward [wo:d]
cut [kAt] - cart [ka:t] gutter ['gAta] - garter [gcuta]
luck [Uk] - lark [louk]
buck [] - bark [bcuk]

Gram m ar -
. .
Shall we need a time machine? ,
, w ill. shall w ill. ,
, - in a m inute ( ), tom orrow
(), next year ( )...
,
, .

.
The Queen will soon cut off your head. -
.
She will cut off our heads. - .
240

,
, , ... -
-
going to.
We are going to travel into the future. -
.
Alice is going to taste the nice drink. -
.
Pooh and Piglet are going to catch a Heffalump. -
.
:
not.
We are not going to invite him. -
.
The farmer is not going to keep ducks. -
.

Gram m ar -
,
go to school...
, .
,
shall, w ill.

The Sim ple Future


______ The Singular -
I shall fly to the Moon. - .
You w ill fly to the Moon. - .
w ill fly to the Moon. - .
She w ill fly to the Moon. - .
It w ill fly to the Moon. - .

241

The Plural -
We shall fly to the Moon. - .
You w ill fly to the Moon. - .
They w ill fly to the Moon. - .
,
shall w ill .
Shall we begin? - ? : ?
Will you fly to the Moon? - ?
, ,
.
Will they come with us? - ?
Yes, they will. - , .
No, they will not. - , .
, shall,
w ill, w ill.
shall.
II: ill [ail],
youll [ju:l], hell [hi:l], well [wi:l], theyll [6eil].

C onversation -
Kate:
Tim:
Kate:
Tim:
Kate:
Tim:
Kate:
Tim:
Kate:
Tim:
Kate:
242

Will you go to Dicks birthday?


I will.
Will your sister go?
No, she has to study for her history lesson.
What are you going to give Dick?
I think, Ill give him some cassettes. And you?
Dick likes sweets. Ill buy him a box of chocolates.
Ill call for you and well go together.
Thatll be fine. What time will you call?
Ill come round at six oclock.
All right. Ill be ready by that time.

Notes -
1. call - , .
, : he will call fo r her.
come round . drop
in - , -.
2. Chocolate ['tjo k lit]
. ? : A chocolate bar.
sweets.
sweet ().
- - candies ['kaendiz].
3. . They
are going to Dicks birthday tom orrow.
, .
in . next
: next day ( ).
You will get there only the day after tomorrow. -
.
will join you in three days. -
.
They will be away for a while. -
.
They will be back in a little while. -
.
They will move in a couple of days. -
.
I will finish this job in a day or two. -
.
will learn to drive soon. -
.
will take us for a drive some time. -
-.
This book will help you in the future. -
.
Ill call next week. - .
Ill drop in one of these days. - .
243

Reading -
, ,
- . ?What
will happen when the Heffalump comes? What willhe do?
What will you do? Will you not be afraid?

A Trap fo r the Terrible H effalum p


Piglet:
Pooh:
Piglet:
Pooh:
Piglet:
Pooh:
Piglet:
Pooh:
Piglet:
Pooh:
Piglet:
Pooh:
Piglet:
Pooh:
Piglet:
Pooh:
Piglet:
Pooh:
Piglet:
Pooh:

Piglet:

244

What will happen when the Heffalump comes?


Perhaps, he will not notice you, Piglet.
Why?
Because you are a very small animal.
But he will notice you, Pooh.
Yes, he
will notice me. And he will say, Ho-hol
W-what
w-will you say?
I shall not say anything. I shall just hum to myself,
as if I am waiting for something.
Then perhaps he will say Ho-ho again?
He will. He will say it again and I shall go on hum
ming. That will upset him.
W-why?
Because when he says his Ho-ho two times and I
only hum, he will suddenly find...
W-what?
He will find that I... am not.
You are not... what?
Well, I can keep humming all the time, but he cannot
say his Ho-ho all the time!
But he can say something else.
Well, he will say, It is my trap for Poohs and
Piglets!
And w-what w-will you say?
And I shall say, No, it is my trap for Heffalumps!
And I am waiting for the Heffalump to come and fall
in! That will upset him completely!
Pooh, you are so clever!

Words -
trap [traep] - , ; happen [' ] -
, ; notice [' nouti s] - ; hum [ i u m ] (); upset [Ap'set] - ,
; fin d [fai nd] - ; else
[els] - ; fall in ['fo:l'in] - , ; com pletely

[ksm'pli:tli] - , .

D iscussion -
- . It is a very small animal.
small, little? ,
little , . Small -
. ,
. , a little man - ,
, ; a small man -
, , .
little sm all .
I know him a little. - .
puts a little milk in his tea. -
.

sm all. ,
, , , small.
I need a small size. - .
I need this jacket in a smaller size. -
.
The rooms are small. - .
Give me a small salad. - .
Time ()
.
Pooh hums all the time. - .
will call two times. - .

245

Grammar -

som ething anything.


:
some [ s a i t i ] any ['eni].
has some cows. - .
Does he have any pigs? - ?
Someone lives there. - - .
Does anyone live here? - - ?
will say something. - - .
will not say anything. - .

Q uestion -
w : wwhat, w-well, w -will...
: , , ,
-, -, -, -... ,
... .

Q uotation -
(. 7, . 7-8) :
, ; , ; ,
...
receive (), seek (),
knock (), find ().
Ask, and you will receive; seek, and you will find; knock,
and the door will be opened to you. For everyone who asks
will receive, and anyone who seeks will find, and the door will
be opened to him who knocks.
, "
receive get seek
look for. , anyone -

246

, .
: , , . :
I do not see anyone here. - .
For anyone who seeks will find. - , ,
.
Anyone can do it. - .
: , .
:
The door will open. - .
It will be opened. - . : .

Grammar -
,
. ,
,
.
Do you want to know your future, Mr Bliss? -
, ?
We will tell you about it. - .
You will turn to the right at the next turning and you will
run straight into Mr Day coming from his garden with a
barrow-load of cabbages. You will... No, you must...
, ,
. ,
? ,
?
must, w ill .
- have
to. must -
, .

247

Mr Bliss has to pick up Mr Day. -


.
Mr Bliss will have to pick him up. -
.
will have to collect Mr Days cabbages. -
.
will have to put them in the back of his car. -
.
?
.
!
w ill,
to be able ( , ).
, .
Are you able to get up? - ?
is not able to walk. - .
After the accident Mr Day will not be able to walk. -
.
The car will be heavy and it will not be able to go fast. .
Will they be able to escape from the bears? -
?
Mr Bliss will be able to get home safely after his adventures.
-
.

D iscussion -
-
, ... ,
. , ,
, , on.
Whats on? - ( )?
What is on at the Star? - ?
What is on at the Pushkin Theatre tonight? -
?
248

on.
- , is
. on .
on - ,
channel. .
'What is 'on on 'Channel Two? -
?

C onversation -
Mum: Whats on tonight?
Tim: Theres a horror film
at seven thirty.
Mum: What channel?
Tim: Its on Channel Two.
Dad: Youd better read
a book than watch TV.
Tim: Books are boring.
Dad: Books make you think.
Tim: Do they?
Dad: Instead of sitting here
youd better do some
exercise.
Tim: I go jogging.
Dad: Jogging? Do you call it
exercise?
Mum: Television brings news
from around the world.
Dad: And those commercials!
Just awful!
Tim: Well, lets turn it off.
Dad: Well... No, wait.
Television helps me
to relax after work.

?

.
?
.
,
.
.
.
?
,
,
.
.
?
?

.
!
!
, .
... , .

.

Words -
channel ['tja e n l] -

; boring ['b o : r ir j] [r i'la e k s ] - , .

; relax

249

Notes -
1. Tonight . night
- ,
.
, : at
night - , .
2. commercial [ ' : ]
, :
( ), .
adver
tisem ent [sd'vsitisrnant],
: ad [aed],
I want to put an ad in your paper. -
.
Two ads published at once will be cheaper. -
, , .
3. news [nju:z] (, ),
s, - ,
.
What is the news? - ?
The news tonight is read by a new announcer. -
() .
No news is good news. - -
.

Phrases -
had better ().
had , , d,
: Id better, youd better.
Wed better take a bus. - .
Hed better stay at home. - .
Theyd better take a taxi. - .
250

Reading -
- .
,
, .
(. 8, . 1-3) ,
:
: ...

The Frogs

Let my people go to worship me. If you refuse, then I will


punish Egypt with frogs. The Nile river will be filled with frogs.
They will come from the river and enter your palace. They will
be in your bedroom and your bed. The frogs will enter the
houses of your officers and your people. They will enter your
ovens and your baking pans. The frogs will jump up all over
you, your people and your officers.
Words -
re fu s e [ r i 'f j u : z ] - ; p u n is h [' ] -
; f ill [ f i l ] , fille d [ f i l d ] ;
e n te r ['e n t a j - , ; o ffic e r [ o fis a ] -
, ; o v e n [ ' ] b a k in g p a n ['b e ik ir),p a e n ] -

( )-,

Notes -
1.
frog .
- .
.
.
, , ,
, , ; ,
, .
251

, ? :
toad. , , -
, , -
, .
2.
:
:
Moses ['mouziz] - ; Egypt ['i:d3 ipt] - .
:
the Nile [nail] - ; the Thames [temz] - ; the
M ississippi [,misi'sipi] - .

Reading -

: People who set traps for others get caught themselves.
, .
: If a man digs a pit, he will fall into
it. , . -
-, ...

H orror in the Pit


Piglet gets up very early. He leaves his house and goes all
the way to the pit. He looks down right at the moment when
Pooh is trying to get the honey-pot off his head. The pot does
not want to get off. Pooh makes a loud, roaring, sad noise.
Help! cries Piglet. Help! A Heffalump, a Horrible Heffalump!
He runs away. He is running as hard as he can, still crying
out, A Horrible Heffalump! Help!
He stops crying only when he gets to Christopher Robins
house.
What is the matter, Piglet? asks Christopher Robin, who
is just getting up.
There is a Heffalump in the pit, says Piglet. He has a
pot on his head!

252

Where?
Up there, says Piglet waving his paw.
What does it look like?
Like... Looks like... It has a very big head. A great head,
like... like a huge pot.
Christopher Robin puts on his shoes. They go to the pit to
look at the Horrible Heffalump.
Can you hear it? asks Piglet when they get near.
I can hear something, says Christopher Robin.
It is Pooh. He is bumping his head against a tree-root.
There! said Piglet. Horrible!
Suddenly Christopher Robin begins to laugh. He laughs
and he laughs. Crash! The Heffalumps head goes against the
tree-root. Smash! goes the pot. Poohs head comes out of it...
Piglet sees how foolish he is. He runs straight off home
and goes to bed with a headache. And Christopher Robin and
Pooh go home to have breakfast together.

E xercises -
Exercise 1. Put the verbs in brackets in the simple future.
- ,
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

They (dig) a deep pit in the ground.


When the Heffalump comes he (not notice) Piglet.
He (notice) Pooh and he (try) to frighten him.
What Pooh (do)?
He (hum) to himself.
The Heffalump (find) that Pooh is not afraid.
The Heffalump (fall) into the pit.
Piglet (get up) very early.
He (leave) his house and go to the pit.
What he (see)?
Where Piglet (run)?
When he (stop) crying?
Piglet (go) to bed with a headache.
The boy and Pooh (have) breakfast together.

Lesson Twenty-Three

23

It Is Very Unimportant____________________

P ronunciation -
.
[:] born, horn, port, lord, morning, short, report
[ou] bark, barn, cart, dark, dart, shark, smart, tart
[a;] her, term, bird, dirty, shirt, sir, skirt, turn, learn

Q uestion -
? What is it? Does
the name of the lesson sound strange?
? unim portant

- ...
- .
King: What do you know
about this business?
Alice: Nothing.
King: Nothing whatever?
Alice: Nothing whatever.
King: That is very
important.
Rabbit: Unimportant, your
majesty.
King: Unimportant,
of course, I mean.


?
.
- ?
.

.
,
.
, ,
.

- im portant, unim portant,


(adjectives): big
(), sm all (), strange ()...
254

Grammar -


.
I like hot tea. I like when my tea is hot.
He is a funny man. His jokes are funny.
, ,
.
. - There is hot water in the cup.
. - There is hot tea in the cup.
. - Buy some hot pies.
. They are fat.
fa t , -.
than ().
Albert is fatter than Herbert. - .
A lion is stronger than a wolf. - , .
You are taller than me. - .
Is she older than you? - ?

-est. ,
.
.
Who is the fattest of the Dorkinses? -
?
Fattie is the fattest in the family. - -
.
is the fattest man in the village. -
.
Albert is the second fattest of them. - -
.
255

Hot, strong, tall, fat - .



, - -est.
, , -, -ow, -, -1.
happy () - happier - the happiest
narrow () - narrower - the narrowest
tender () - tenderer - the tenderest
simple () - simpler - the simplest

. ,
- ,
. -
i.
big - bigger - the biggest
fat - fatter - the fattest
dry - drier - the driest
funny - funnier - the funniest
silly - sillier - the silliest
, . ,
better best,
good.
good () - better - the best
bad () - worse - the worst
far () - farther - the farthest

bad . :
. - Im not well. : Im unwell.
. - is a poor swimmer.
. - I have a bad headache.
- . - Smoking is a bad habit.

256

Reading -
- , , ...
If Rabbit
Was bigger
And fatter
And stronger,
Or bigger
Than Tigger;
If Tigger
Was smaller,
Then Tiggers
Bad habit
Of bouncing at Rabbit
Would matter
No longer,
If Rabbit
Was taller.

()
,
,
,
,
;

,



,

.

Notes -
1. - : If Tigger was sm aller (
).
little small.
Tim has a little sister. - .
She is smaller than Tim. - .
She is the smallest in their family. -
.
2.
get ( ).
It gets warmer. - . : .
It gets darker. - . : .
The wind is getting stronger. - .

257

W ord -
matter ['maeta]
. : . ,

. Matter .
Does it matter? - ?
It does not matter to me what she does. -
, .
It does not matter any longer. -
.
Whats the matter with you? - ?

Grammar -
, ,
- unim portant ().
, ,
, :

more (), most
().
important - more important - the most important
amazing - more amazing - the most amazing

Q uotation -
(. 19)
easy ().
,
high () low ()
I tell you that it is easier for a camel to go through the eye
of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God.
- ,
, .

258

Many who have the highest place in life now will have the
lowest place in the future. And many who have the lowest
place now will have the highest place in the future. - ,
,
. ,
,
.
im portant.
Life is more important than food. And the body is more
important than clothes. - .
.

Reading -
,
- . Mr Bliss was stopped in the
woods by three bears. : We shall eat you up!
, , ... ,
. They are teasing.

A Hold-Up

Of course the bears are only teasing. But they roll their
yellow eyes, and growl, and look so fierce that Mr Bliss is
frightened (and so are Mr Day and Mrs Knight). So they give
the bears the cabbages and the bananas.
Archie and Teddy pile them on the donkey and take them
away to their house in the wood. Bruno stays and talks to Mr
Bliss. In fact he is watching Mr Bliss and Mr Bliss cannot
drive away.
When Archie and Teddy come back they say, Now we
want a ride in your car!
But I am going to see the Dorkinses, says Mr Bliss, and
you do not know them.
Never mind, say the bears, we can know them.

259

And everyone gets into the car and there is such a squash
that Mrs Knight has to sit in front by Mr Bliss and he is so
squeezed that he can hardly steer.
They start off again. The road runs uphill and down on the
other side. They come out of the wood to the top of the hill
and begin to go down.
Mr Bliss is so squeezed by Mrs Knight that he cannot put
on the brakes. Soon they begin to whizz and the donkey, who
is tied behind the car, is flying in the air. Faster and faster
they run, and then they crash into the wall of the Dorkinses
garden. They all shoot out of the car head first and fly over
the wall. All except the donkey, who turns a somersault into
the car...
,
,
.
Words -
tease [ti:z] - ; roll [roul] - ; grow l [ g r a u l ] ; fierce [fias] - ; watch [wotj] - ,
; squash [s kwoj ] - ; squeeze [skwi:z] -
, ; hardly ['hcudli] - ; steer [stia] -
; brakes [br ei ks ] - ; whizz [wiz] - (
)-, crash [kraej] - ; shoot [Ju:t] (out) -
(); somersault ['sAmaso:lt] - ( ), .

Notes -
1.
by ,
-: by the river ( ), by the road ( ).
by
: by ( ), by plane (
, ), by sea ().
by ,
: by ,
, , -
.

260

Mrs Knight sits in front by Mr Bliss. -


, .
Mr Bliss is so squeezed by her that he cannot put on the
brakes. - ,
.
The book about Mr Bliss is written by Tolkien. -
.

C onversation -
. is doing a crossword
puzzle. Mount ()
mountain. .
Tim:
Dad:
Tim :
Dad:
Tim :
Dad:
Tim:
Dad:

Hey, Dad, help me with this puzzle.


All right. What's the problem?
What is the largest island in the world?
That is childs play. Its Greenland.
And whats the highest mountain?
Its Mount Everest. It is about 30,000 feet high.
Oh, Dad, you are so clever!
Certainly I am!

E xercises -
Exercise 1. Give the appropriate form of the adjectives. .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

A bear is (strong) than a fox.


A lake is (small) than a sea.
Which is (big), Moscow or London?
Everest is (high) mountain in the world.
It was (happy) day in his life.
Who is (young), Tim or his sister?
Who is (old) in your family?
A Jaguar is (expensive) than a Ford .
Tim says that books are (boring) than TV.
Russia is much (large) than Britain.

Lesson Twenty-Four

24

One Day
-
Pronunciation -
.
- ,
. :
They 'need us.
Ill 'phone you.
Some 'berries.
She 'helps me.
Its 'summer.
Come 'nearer.
Lets 'read it.
Dont 'do it.
How 'many?

Lets 'help them.


Be'lieve me.
We 'eat them.
She 'has to.
Its 'warmer.
Just 'listen.
Its 'boring.
Its 'silly.
A 'lot of.

D iscussion -
, ,
, .
?
as... as ( ... ).
.
.
Dick is as tall as Tim. - , .
: .
is as old as Kate. - , .
: , .
A dog is as strong as a wolf. - ,
. : .

262

:
, - ,
- - .
, .
,
. , , :

, ,
: , .
,
, as. ,
,
, :
as 'brave as a 'lion - ,
as 'hot as 'fire - ,
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as
as

blind as a mole - ,
brittle as glass - ,
cold as ice - ,
cunning as a fox - ,
fat as a pig - ,
hard as a stone - ,
heavy as lead - ,
hungry as a hunter - ,
light as a feather - ,
pale as death - ,
quick as lightning - ,
round as a ball - ,
sharp as a razor - ,
silly as a sheep - ,
smooth as glass - ,
soft as butter - ,
strong as a horse - ,
stupid as a donkey - ,
sweet as honey - ,
tall as a steeple - ,
ugly as a scarecrow - ,
white as snow - ,

263

Grammar -


, , - once upon
time. , - one day.
Once upon a time ... - -...
One day Mr Bliss... - ...
, ? ? ?
, , ,
- ,
- .
:
,
-ed. , asked (), looked
(). ,
-d: lived (), liked ().
, : asked
, , ,
, .
,
: Once upon a time, a very long time
ago (about last Friday) Winnie-the-Pooh lived in a forest.
- ( ), -
. liked to sit in front of the fire and listen to a
story. . liked
stories about himself most of all.
. listened attentively.
...

- -ed,

(regular).
264

The Sim ple Past

________ ________
The Singular -
I lived there last year. - .
You lived there, too. - .
lived there a year ago. - .
She lived there, too. - .
The Plural -
We lived in London. - .
You lived in London. - .
They lived in London. - .

D iscussion -

, .
One day Mr Bliss looked out of the window early in the
morning. Is it going to be a fine day? he asked the Girabbit
(who lived in a deep hole in his garden).
Of course it is! answered the Girabbit.
Mr Bliss wanted to have a car. He travelled all the way to
the village to buy one. He walked into the shop and said, I
want a car!
, say :

: say [sei], said [sed].
,
. went shopping, but he left his purse at home.

(irregular verbs) - ,
. Went -
(, ), le ft -
leave (, ).
265

Grammar -

be : was
were. , was [ w o z ] ,
, were [w3:] .

he
s^e I

was (, , )

it

were ()

Mr Bliss lived in a house. It was a white house with a red


roof. The rooms and the doors were very high, because Mr
Bliss wore such high hats.
He : wore [ w o : ] -
wear (, ).
,
, were wore.

Reading -
"
was (, ) had (, ).
There was a little girl, and she had a little curl
Right in the middle of her forehead.
When she was good, she was very, very good,
But when she was bad, she was horrid.
Words -
curl [:1] - ; forehead ['forid] - ; horrid ['horid] .

266

Grammar -


.
buy [bai] () - bought [bo:t]
come [] () - came [keim]
do [du:] () - did [did]
get [get] () - got [got]
give [giv] () - gave [geiv]
go [gou] () - went [went]
have [haev] () - had [haed]
make [meik] () - made [meid]
put [put] () - put [put]
run [] () - ran [raen]
say [sei] () - said [sed]
see [si;] () - saw [so:]
sit [sit] () - sat [saet]
take [teik] () - took [tuk]

Reading -
.
,
: ,
? - .
- , .

The C reation

In the beginning God created the sky and the earth. The
earth was empty and had no form. Darkness covered the
ocean, and Gods Spirit was moving over the water.
Then God said, Let there be light! And there was light. God
saw that the light was good. So he divided the light from the
darkness. God named the light day and the darkness night.
Evening passed, and morning came. This was the first day...

267

Then God said, Let there be lights in the sky to separate


day from night. These lights will be used for signs, seasons,
days and years. They will be in the sky to give light to the
earth. And it happened.
So God made the two large lights. He made the brighter
light to rule the day. He made the smaller light to rule the
night. He also made the stars.
God put all these in the sky to shine on the earth. They
are to rule over the day and over the night. He put them there
to separate the light from the darkness. God saw that all
these things were good.
Words -
create [kri'eit] - ; form [fo:m] - ; darkness
['dct'knis] - , ; cover [ ' ] - ; ocean
[ 'o u jn ] - ; divide [ di'vaid] - , ; name
[neim] - , ; separate [s ep a re it ] ; sign [ sa in] - , ; shine [Jain] - ,
.

Notes -
1. Signs () , ,
- ,
. (the two large lights),
the brighter lig ht ( ) - , the
sm aller lig ht ( ) - .
2. light ,
,
. lig ht -
,
, .
Let there be light! - !
They will be in the sky to give light to the earth. -
, .
Light travels very fast. - .
268

, lig ht - ,
,
, ... .
light ,
- lights. lig h t lights
- -,
, , .
Let there be lights in the sky. - .
Turn on a light. - . : .
Turn off the light. - .
Turn the light down. - .
The lights are on. - . : .
Traffic-lights lights - ,
: They stop
at traffic lights. ,
, , : They
drive against the light. They drive on red.
, ... Thats right, smoking
is a bad habit. ? ,
- , -
, - light. lig ht
, -,
- lighter ().
lig ht (). ,
lit.
Never cross the street when the light is red. -
, .
Give me a light, please. - , , .
3.
, : They w ill
be used... , :
... ,
. Was m oving
-
: , .
269

R eading -
,
.
? ,
, ,
, ,

.
Said a foolish householder of Wales,
An odour of coal-gas prevails.
She then struck a light,
And later that night
They collected her in seven pails.
(foolish householder)
, odour ['ouda] ()
smell, prevail [p ri'v e ii] (, )
there is.
strike ()
struck. - ?
, , -,
: she struck a match. ?
, , ,
, , , .

-
. A foolish householder
of Wales said...
: ,
Wales, prevails pails.
, light night.
:
. Dont play with matches. -
; .

270

, was
.
, ...
There was a young man of Kings Bay;
Making fire-works one summer day,
He dropped his cigar
In the gunpowder jar...
There was a young man of Kings Bay.
Words -
f ir e -w o rk s ['fa i9 W 0 :k s ] gunpow der

[g A n p a u d a ]

; c i g a r [ s i ' g c u ] - ;
- () ; j a r [ d 3cu] -

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Put the verbs in the simple past. -
. -
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

Mr Bliss (open) the window and (look) out.


He (walk) into the shop and (ask) for a car.
He (start) off and (turn) to the right.
He (ask) himself where he (be) going.
He (decide) to visit the Dorkinses.
He (knock) down Mr Day and (smash) his barrow.
What (happen) at the next turning?
He (smash) Mrs Knights cart and (roll) her over.
He (pile) the bananas in the back of his car.
The bears (wave) their arms and (stop) the car.
Teddy (like) bananas and Archie (like) cabbages.
They (roll) their eyes and (growl).
They (look) so fierce that they (frighten) Mr Bliss.
Bruno (watch) Mr Bliss and his party.

271

Exercise 2. Put the verbs in the simple past. -


. -
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Mr Bliss (wear) high hats. He (have) a lot of them.


He (keep) his pet in the garden behind the house.
The Girabbit (make) a deep hole in the ground.
He (go) to bed after breakfast.
He (knows) very little about the daytime.
Mr Bliss (put) on his green hat and (go) out.
He (leave) the house and (ride) to the village.
Mr Binks (tell) him to leave his bicycle in the shop.
He (give) him the car taking his bicycle.
Mr Bliss (run) into Mr Day smashing his barrow.

Lesson Twenty-Five

25

The Simple Past



P ronunciation -
, :
-ed, .
-,
-d.
agree [a'gri:] - agreed [agri:d] ()
like [laik] - liked [laikt] ()
move [mu:v] - moved [mu:vd] (, )
,
.
[t] [d], -ed [id].
want [wont] () - wanted ['wontid] ()
wait [weit] () - waited ['weitid] ()
load [loud] () - loaded ['loudid] ()

, [d].
call [ko:l] () - called [ko:ld] ()
turn [ta:n] () - turned [ta.nd] ()
tie [tai] () - tied [taid] ()
,
[t].
lock [lok] () - locked [lokt] ()
watch [wot]'] () - watched [wotjt] ()
wish [wij] () - wished [wijt] ()

273

Notes -
-ed
.
, ,
.
rob [rob] () - robbed [robd] ()
clap [klaep] () - clapped [klaept] ()
rot [rot] () - rotted ['rotid] ()

D iscussion -

. , - ,
, , ,
,
: be, have, get, go... -
.
.
, .
The Present
I can swim.
You come home.
He goes to school.
She has a dog.
We do exercises.
You make mistakes.
I get there by bus.
They take a taxi.
We give him a present.
She tells me to wait.

The Past
I could swim.
You came home.
He went to school.
She had a dog.
We did exercises.
You made mistakes.
I got there by bus.
They took a taxi.
We gave him a present.
She told me to wait.

?
,
,
. There is a list of irregular verbs in most courses
274

and dictionaries.
. ,
. Why?
- .
. ,
give write.
give [giv] v (gave; given) .
w rite [rait] v (wrote; written) .
, ,
. -
: gave () wrote ().
gave wrote ,
: ?
. Look in your dictionary.
wrote
[rout], : past write.
() w rite. ,
- ,
. , given w ritten,
.

Reading -
,
; we want to relax -
. ,
, ,
: All work and no
joy made Jack a dull boy.
. ?
,
:
,
, - ,
, - .
275

There was a kind pastor of Kew,


Who kept a large cat in a pew;
There he taught it each week
A new letter of Greek,
But it never got further than Mu.
Words -
p a s to r ['pcusta] - ()-, p e w [pju:] -
; G re e k [gri.k] - ();
fu r th e r [ : ] - .

Notes -
, pew ( ),
, .
, mu [m ju:] - 12-
.
- coal-gas, odour, gunpowder,
prevail... Let them go in at one ear and go out at the other.
,
, , get .

Grammar -
:
, , . - , ,
... ?

, ,
.
-
. . Compare
the following statements.
He told his friends many times about visiting Moscow.
He told me that he was going to go to Moscow again.

276

Many tim es ,
,
:
. - .
to ld :
, .
Mr Bliss rode his bicycle every day. -
.
That day he rode to the village to buy a car. -
, .
, , ? ,
,
.

. do, , ,
- did.
Did he like Moscow? - ?
Did you go to Russia with him? -
?
Did they tell you anything about Russia before you went
there? - - ,
?
: did he, you they, ,
, .
, ,
. did
. ,
, not.
Did you see him? - ?
Yes, I did. - , .
No, I did not. - , .
277

D iscussion -
,
, .
:
. When did it happen? -
.
We saw her the day before yesterday. -
.
came back yesterday. - .
bought a new car three days ago. -
.
visited Russia last year. -
.
One day planting roses in her garden she found an old
Roman coin. - -, ,
.
In old times Britain was a Roman province. -
.
In 1066 the Normans under William the Conqueror invaded
England. - 1066
.
, :
, .
['bi:'si:] -
before C hrist ( ). ,
, AD ['ei:'di:] - Anno
Domini, .
, AD .
The Celts came to Britain about 1000 . -
1000 ..
The Romans first came to Britain in 54 . -
54 ..
The Romans left the British Isles about AD 410. -
410 ..

278

R eading -
: . Lets play that you
are Sherlock Holmes. , ,
- ,
, .
?
.
? Who is the best at putting questions?
A police sergeant is. .
W ho, W here and W hen?

, ?
Part I
Boffin: I will ask you a few
questions, if you
do not mind.
Bliss: You are welcome.
Boffin: Did the robbers come
out of the wood?
Bliss: Yes, they did, but
I did not call them
robbers actually...
Boffin: How many were they?
Bliss: Three. They waved
their arms...
Boffin: Really! Did they have
guns or knives?
Bliss: Well, in fact...
Boffin: When did they
stop you?
Bliss: I think it was... I did
not have a watch...
Boffin: I see! They robbed
you of your watch.


,
.
.

?
, , ,
-,
...
?
.
...
!
?
, -...

?
, ...
...
!
.

279

Notes -
1. .
? Arms - arm ().
arms [cumz] (),
.
, .
2. , : Do not
steal. steal ()
, .
rob (, ) -
, . rob
robber ().
Someone stole his car. - - .
Village boys stole apples from his garden. -
.
Some robbers broke into his house. - -
.
They robbed his house. - .
They robbed him. - .
was robbed. - . : .
They robbed him of his money and his watch. -
( ) .

Reading -
-, -
-, : ,
...
.
It is he who always comes first. -
.
It was Mr Bliss who ran into Mrs Knight. -
.
280

Who, W here and W hen?


, ?
Part II
Bliss: Well, they only wanted
our bananas and...
Boffin: I am putting it down.
A watch was stolen...
What else?
Bliss: Mrs Knights bananas.
Boffin: How many?
Bliss: All of them!
Boffin: What else did they take?
Bliss: They took Mr Days
cabbages.
Boffin: I am sure they were
in masks. And they
did not introduce
themselves, did they?
Bliss: They had no masks.
And their names were
Archie, Teddy and
Bruno.
Boffin: Bruno? A nickname!
Bliss: I did not...
Boffin: And who of them
smashed Mrs Knights
cart?
Bliss: Well, to tell the truth, it
was I who smashed it.

-,
...
.
...
?
.
?
!
?

.
,
.
,
?
.

,
.
? !
...


?
, ,
.

,
: , ,
,
- ,
...
281

Q uestion -
, ...

?
? , The bears stopped
him. , ? did
, ?
: , ,
the bears, did.
.
Who stopped him? - ?
Who robbed them? - ?
did.
who . who
whom [hu:m].
Who did the bears stop? - ?
Who did the bears rob? - ?

Grammar -
? .
: ,
- . ,

, ?
What were the Dorkinses doing? - ?
They were sitting on little stools on their carpet. -
.
They were eating soup out of little bowls. -
.
One of them was looking at a beetle on the carpet. -
.
The beetle was crawling. - .

282

.
- ,
am, are, is was were.
I am eating. - I was eating.
He is laughing. - He was laughing.
You are sleeping. - You were sleeping.
now
(), , ,
. at
that moment ( ), at that tim e ( ).

Q uotation -
One day, when Christopher Robin and Winnie-the-Pooh
and Piglet were all talking together, Christopher Robin said, I
saw a Heffalump yesterday.
What was it doing? asked Piglet.
It was just lumping along, said Christopher Robin.
Once I saw one, said Piglet. At least I think I did. Only
perhaps it was not a Heffalump.
Words -
lump [1] - , ; once [wAns] ; at least [at'lbst] - .
Notes -
, did .
A:
:
A:
:
A:

I saw a lion. - .
Did you? - ?
Yes, I did! - , !
You did not! - !
At least I think I did. - ,
, .

283

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Put the sentences in the simple past. -
.
Example: The police officer asks a few questions.
The police officer asked a few questions.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.

Mr Baker works in a bank.


A criminal runs into the bank with a gun.
Mr Baker hears a shot and turns on the alarm.
The criminal shoots into the air.
He wants to frighten the clerks and clients.
He does not kill anyone with his gun.
The criminal has a mask on his face.
He takes some money and runs away.
The clerks do not try to stop him.
If they try to stop him, he can start shooting.
They let him escape with the money.
The man on duty at the police station hears the alarm.
The police send a special squad to the bank.
The police officers ask the clerks about the criminal.
Mr Baker does his best to remember every detail.
He remembers that the man has a ring on his finger.
He tells the police that the man has short legs.
The numbers of the stolen banknotes are registered.
The police are sure to catch him.
Mr Baker tells everyone at home about the robbery.

W ords -
criminal ['k rim in l] - ; alarm [a'lcum] -
; shoot [ju :t] - ; client ['k la te n t] - ; escape
[is'ke ip ] - ; on duty [o n 'd ju :ti] - ;
send [send] - ; squad [skw od] - , ;
finger ['firja] - ; stolen ['stouten] - ; banknote
[baer)knout] - ; registered ['red 3 istad] -
, .

284

Exercise 2. Put the sentences in the simple past negative.


-
.
Example: turns to the right.
He did not turn to the right.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

He keeps his money in a bank.


We read the story to the end.
They drop stones into the river.
He jumps into the stream.
He runs over a passer-by.
The police find the money.
She wears a mask at the party.
Tim gives Dick a bicycle.
Tigger comes down the tree.
You eat up all the bananas.
The bears wave their arms.
The police question the clients.
They pile the fruit on the donkey.
I leave my books at home.
The car goes fast.

Exercise 3. Answer the questions. - .


,
what, when ., .
did .
Example: What did Tolkien write?
He w rote novels and fairy-tales.
Did you watch TV yesterday?
Yes, I did. : No, I did not.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Where did the bears stop Mr Bliss?


Did the bears take his purse?
What did they take?
What did Egbert see on the carpet?
Did he squash the beetle?

285

6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

What were the Dorkinses eating?


What were they sitting on?
What did they put on the grass?
How did Mr Bliss come into the garden?
Did Mr Baker see the robber?
What did the criminal have in his hand?
What did Mr Baker do when he heard the shot?
Where did the criminal shoot?
Why did the robber shoot?
Did he kill anyone?
What did the criminal have on his face?
What did the robber take?
Did the clerks try to stop him?
What could happen if they tried to stop him?

Exercise 4. Translate the verbs in brackets into English


putting them in the simple past. -
,
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

The clerks () the robber escape.


The policeman on duty () the alarm.
The police () a special squad.
They () the clerks about the criminal.
Mr Baker () to remember every detail.
He () that the robber had a ring.
He () that the man had short legs.
The police () the robber soon.
Mr Baker () them about the robbery.
At first they ( ) him.

Lesson Twenty-Six

26

A G irl Tw o M ile s H ig h

P ronunciation -
access () .
[], - .
[s],
. : ['askses].
: accident ['aeksidant] () , ; accelerate [sk'selareit] , ; accent ['aeksant] -
, ; accept [ak'sept] - .

C onversation -
-
- ... burst
, - , .
Piglet fell down and the balloon burst. - ,
.
If Fattie eats more, he will burst. -
, .
- ; , -
: , ,
. burst
. burst into.
burst the balloon. - .
Herbert is so fat that he bursts his coats. -
, .
She burst into tears. - .

287

Piglet:
Eeyore:
Piglet:
Eeyore:
Piglet:
Eeyore:
Piglet:
Eeyore:
Piglet:
Eeyore:
Piglet:
Eeyore:

Piglet:
Eeyore:
Piglet:
Eeyore:

Many happy returns of the day!


Do you mean me?
Yes, and I brought you a balloon.
Did you say a balloon? One of those big coloured
things that you blow up?
Yes, but I am afraid... I am very sorry, but when I
was running along to bring it to you, I fell down.
Dear, dear! You ran too fast, I think. You did not
hurt youself, Little Piglet?
No, but I... I burst the balloon!
My balloon? My birthday balloon?
Yes. Here it is.
Is this it? My present?
Yes.
Thank you, Piglet. Excuse my asking but what
colour was this balloon when it... when it was a
balloon?
It was red.
My favourite colour... How big was it?
About as big as me.
My favourite size...

Notes -
1.
Dear (me)! ()!
,
- , .
: --! : !
Dear ?
:
, God (). , -
- .
My God! - ! : !
God bless me! - !
God damn it! - !

288

, , :
You must not use the name of the Lord your God thoughtlessly.
:
, , .
- ,
Dear! Dear me!
2.
, burst
? hurt, hurt?
.
, , .
, You hurt yourself -
, .
, ,
.
. , New shoes
often hurt often () ,
,
: .

Gram m ar -
, ,
, :
?
How big was it? - ?
About as big as Piglet. - , .
-
, , , ?
, long ()
wide (): .
The stick is half a metre long. - .
The road leading to the village is ten kilometres long. , , .

289

The bridge over the stream is three metres wide. -


- .
The road is four and a half yards wide. -
- .
, ,
tall ().
Mr Bliss is one metre seventy tall. -
- .
That mast is ten metres tall. -
.
,
high ().
- .
St Isaacs in St Petersburg is 102 metres high. -
. - 102 .
The highest peak in the world is Everest; it is 8,848 metres
high. - - ,
8848 .
, ,
tall.
, high.
.
She wears high heels to look taller. -
, ().
Look at that tall pole. Its top is so high! -
. !
, ,
old ().
How old is Alice? - ?
She is seven years old. - .
She is older than her sister. - .

290

Reading -
- ,
-
.
high.

A Telescope Called A lice



What a curious feeling! said Alice, I must be shutting up
like a telescope.
And so it was indeed; she was now only ten inches high.

Rule Forty-tw o

The King called out Silence! and read out from his book,
Rule Forty-two. All persons more than a mile high must leave
the court.
Everybody looked at Alice.
I am not a mile high, said Alice.
You are, said the King.
Nearly two miles high, added the Queen.
Notes -
1.
:
, .
! ,
, ,
: ,
, .

, .

(inches), (feet), (yards) (miles),
, ...
291

There
There
There
a mile. -

are twelve inches in a foot. - 12 .


are three feet in a yard. - 3 .
are one thousand seven hundred and sixty yards in
1760 .

-
? How much is it in the decimal system?
An inch is about 25 millimetres.
A foot is about 30 centimetres.
A yard is about 90 centimetres.
A mile is about 1,609 metres.
2.
, ,
, , ,
.
Park Street is a mile longer than Hill Street. - -
, -.
It is half a metre wider. - .
That pine is ten metres higher than this oak. -
10 , .
The oak is about two metres thicker than the pine. -
, .
Kate is a month younger than Tim. -
.
is a month older. - .
Mr Baker is much older than they are. -
.
- - -
- , as... as (... ).
tw ice () .
Mr Brown is twice as old as Mrs (. -
.
Eeyore is ten times as big as Piglet. -
.
292

Reading -
How did it all begin?
, .
?

The Earth

The Earth is the planet on which we live. It is the third


planet outward from the sun. It lies between Venus and Mars.
The Earth has a satellite, the Moon. The Earth moves at an
average speed of 18.5 miles a second and it makes a
complete circuit in a solar year.
We can only guess about the origin of the Earth. One of
the theories is that a big group of meteorites condensed. Most
scientists believe that the age of the Earth is over 5,000
million years.
There was a time when there were dinosaurs everywhere
on earth. The biggest of them weighed about 78 tonnes - as
much as 20 adult elephants. They were 23 metres long and
12 metres high.
Most of these huge creatures ate plants. Their diet was
half a tonne of food a day. But their brain was only as big as
a nut.
Smaller creatures could run as fast as a racehorse. Dinosaurs
disappeared about 64 million years ago.
Words -
satellite ['saetalait] - ; average ['aevarid3 ] - ;
circuit ['sa:kit] - (t -)', origin ['o rid jin ]
- ; theory ['Oiari] - ; meteorite ['mi.-tjarait]
- ; condense [kan'dens] - (); dinosaur
['dainaso:] - ; weigh [wei] - ; tonne [U n ] ; adult [a'dAlt] - ; huge [hju:d3 ] - ;
diet ['daiat] - , ; brain [brein] - ; nut [nAt]
- ; racehorse [feisho-.s] - ; disappear
[disa'pia] - .
293

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Answer the questions. - .
, I think
about (, ).
long, wide, tall, high, old
deep ().
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

How
old are you?
How
old is yourtown?
How
wide is theriverin your town?
How
deep is it?
How high is the biggest building in your town?
How long is the main street?
How wide is it?
How long is the bridge acrossthe
river?
How high is the TV tower?
How old is Moscow?
How deep is the Black Sea?
How tall is your father?

Exercise 2. Make sentences using as... as. -


as... as.
, .
Example: Tim/old/Ann.
Tim is as old as Ann.
Tim is older than Ann.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

294

Lions/strong/tigers.
A donkey/stupid/a mule.
London/large/Paris.
The son/tall/his father.
Cars/fast/trains.
Mice/small/nuts.
She/nice/her mother.
An apple/big/an orange.
The Volga/deep/the Neva.

Exercise 3. Put in the missing words. -


.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

The Earth is ... on which we live.


The Moon is the ... of the Earth.
What is the ... speed of the Earth?
It makes a ... circuit in a solar year.
We can only guess about ... of the Earth.
Perhaps a big group of meteorites ... .
The ... of the Earth is probably 5,000 million years.
There were dinosaurs ... on earth.
Their diet was half a tonne of ... a day.
Did they eat meat? No, they ate ... .
Dinosaurs were ... creatures.
The biggest of them weighed as much as twenty ... .
But their ... was only as big as a nut.
Dinosaurs ... about 64 million years ago.

Lesson Twenty-Seven

27

R em em ber o r F o rg e t

Pronunciation -
-ssion -tion [Jn]: m ission
['mijn] - , ; relation [ri'leiJn] -
; ignition [ig'nijn] - , .
-sion []: decision [di'si 3 n]
- ; collision ['] - ; illusion [:]
- , .

C onversation -
Tim: Hello, Kate! How was
your trip to Moscow?
Kate: It was wonderful. I
enjoyed it very much.
Tim: How long did you stay
there?
Kate: Just a week.
Tim: Great! Did you see
the Kremlin?
Kate: Yes, it is a fantastic
sight!
Tim: What else did you see?
Kate: I visited some museums
and churches.
Tim: Did you do any shopping?
Kate: Of course. I bought a set
of wooden dolls for
my mum.
Tim: Did you watch Russian
television?
296

, !
?
.
.

?
.
!
?
,
!
?

.
- ?
.

.

?

Kate: Yes. But I did not


understand a word.
That was fun!
Tim: Did you like Russian
food?
Kate: Yes. By the way,
do you want to see
my photos?
Tim: Certainly.

.
.
!

?
. ,

?
.

Words -
tr ip [ t r i p ] - , ; c h u rc h [ t j a i t f ] - ;
s e t [s e t ] - , ; u n d e rs ta n d [^ n d a 's ta e n d ] -
; p h o to [ 'f o u t o u ] - .

Notes -
1. enjoy [in'd3 oi] (
)
, .
She enjoys travelling. - .
She enjoyed her trip. - .
She enjoyed her stay in Moscow. -
.
She enjoyed herself in Moscow. -
.
2. sight [sait] ,
. ,
.
It was a beautiful sight. - . :
.
There are a lot of sights in Moscow. -
.
The Kremlin is the biggest sight. - -
.
297

3.
(
), ,
go shopping, do shopping.
Shall we go shopping? - ?
Lets go shopping. - .
Where do you do your shopping? - ?
She does her shopping at the same supermarket. -
.

D iscussion -
, - ,
.
.
Pooh said, I will catch a Heffalump.
How will you do it? asked Piglet.
I shall do it by means of a trap. But it must be a cunning
trap. So you will have to help me, Piglet...
,
: Pooh said that he...
he?
, w ill shall would.
Pooh says that he w ill catch a Heffalump. - ,
.
Pooh said that he would catch a Heffalump. -
, .
:
Piglet asked him how he would do it. - ,
.
Pooh answered that he would catch the Heffalump by
means of a trap. - ,
.

298

It had to be a cunning trap. -


.
So Piglet would have to help him. -
.

must - had to.

m ust .
have to. ,
m ust .
: m ust have to
: had to
: w ill have to
: w ould have to

Reading -
.
. ,
shall, w ill would (time
machine), .
,
, ,
...
The Traveller in time says, "Are you ready? Shall we start?
Now I am going to press this lever, and the machine will go
off. It will vanish, it will pass into the future.

. -. This way of travelling in time
was devised by William Hilton-Young and we will read about
it in the short story which follows.
What shall we need for this trip? We will take a camera
['] () for taking pictures. We will take a
tape-recorder ['teipri'koida] (). We will need a
notebook ['noutbuk] ().

299

Shall we learn shorthand? Yes, we will. What does short


hand mean? Shorthand ['Jorthaend] is . If we
learn shorthand, we will be able to write our notes quicker.

The Choice

Before William went into the future he bought a camera


and a tape-recorder and learnt shorthand. That night when all
was ready, we made coffee and had some brandy to his
health.
Good-bye, I said. Do not stay there too long.
I will not, he answered.
I watched him carefully. He flickered and... hardly a second
passed before he was back. He seemed not a day older.
Well, I said, I expected you would be away several
years.
Well, said he, lets have some coffee.
I poured it out, hardly able to contain my impatience. As I
gave him his cup, I said again, Well?
Well, the thing is, I cannot remember.
You cannot remember? Not a thing?
He thought for a moment and answered sadly, Not a
thing.
But your notes, your camera? The tape-recorder?
The notebook was empty, the indicator of the camera
showed that no pictures had been taken, the tape was not
even loaded into the recorder.
Why? I exclaimed. How did i f happen? You do not
remember anything at all?
I can remember only one thing.
What was that?
They showed me everything and gave me the choice
whether I wanted to remember it or hot after I got back.
And you chose not to? What extraordinary things did they
show you? Why did you choose to forget?
I can only wonder myself, he said.
I could not help wondering either.

300

W ords -
brandy ['braendi] - ; health [hel0] - ; carefully
[ksafuli] - ; flicker ['flika] - ; expect
[iks'pekt] - ; several ['sevaral] - ; able
[eibl] - , ( -)', contain
[kan'tein] - , ; impatience [im peijans]
- ; indicator ['indikeita] - ()', load
[loud] - , ; exclaim [iks'kleim] ; whether ['weSa] - ; extraordinary [iks'trotdnri]
- , ; wonder ['w,\nda] -
; either ['ai6a] - ( ).
Notes -
1. pour [:] .
out , , ,
. , - ,
to.
poured some coffee into every cup. -
.
poured it out. - .
They drank some brandy to Williams health. -
.
2. - ... ,
, seem [si:m ] ().
,
.
It seemed to me that he would be away for several years.
- , .
It seems it is getting cold. - , .
He seems (to be) busy. - , .
It seems that he is busy. - , .
seemed much older. - , , .
When he returned he seemed not a day older. -
, , , .

301

3. thing.
, - .
- ,
.
How are things? - ?
Well, the thing is that when William came back he did not
remember a thing. - , ,
, .
Not a thing? - ?
Thing . Something
['sAmGir)] (-, -)
, anything [reni0ig] (-)
, nothing ['nA0i)] (, ) .
I wanted him to tell me something about the future. -
, - .
Did he remember anything? - - ?
William could not remember anything. -
.
William remembered nothing at all. -
.
4. : learn
study, learn [1:],
. learn
- learnt [ls:n t] learned [1:1]. study
['stA di] ,
- , .
Most Russian children learn English at school. -
.
I am learning my lessons. - .
We learnt about William and his trip in the text. -
.
They study languages, history, physics, biology at the
university. - , ,
, .
302

5.
-
, - ,
help.
I could not help laughing. - .
: .
I could not help myself. -
.
I could not help it. - .
cannot help asking why? -
: ?
We could not help wondering either. -
.

Phrases -
How long did he stay there? - ?
I watched him carefully. -
.
Hardly a second passed before he was back. - He
, .
I was hardly able to contain my impatience. -
.
His story contained a lot of interesting information. -
.
This bottle contains a litre. - .
The thing is, he could not remember anything. -
, .
There is not a word of truth in his story. -
() .
thought for a moment. - .
The indicator of the camera showed that no pictures had
been taken. - ,
.
The tape was not even loaded into the recorder. -
.
They asked him whether he wanted to remember it or not.
- , .
chose to forget. - .
303

Reading -
:
, (when little),
... fell in casually ['kae3 ju 8 li] (,
). grow
: he grew old ( ), he grew stout (
). , .
After becoming fat he passed all his life in the kettle.
There was an old man, who when little
Fell casually into a kettle;
But, growing too stout
He could never get out,
So he passed all his life in that kettle.

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Put the sentences in indirect speech. -
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Pooh said, Ill dig a pit.


He said, It will be a cunning trap.
Piglet said, Well put a pot of honey into it.
He thought, The Heffalump will smell the honey.
Pooh said, Well see a lot of Heffalumps in our trap.
Piglet said, Ill bring some string.
He said, Well lead them home with the string.
Pooh said, Ill just whistle and they will follow me.

Exercise 2. Examine the words. - .


,
- .
( ), .
Camera, coffee, brandy, container, patient, moment, note,
indicator, second, examine, lion, tiger, banana, mile, orange,
mission, collision, fantastic.

304


.
Tape-recorder, shorthand, extraordinary, notebook, black
board, pencil-sharpener, tin-opener, supermarket, sky-scraper,
bedroom, forget-me-not, swimming-pool, livingroom, tophat,
airmail, bookcase, handful.
Exercise 3. Answer the questions. - .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

What did William buy before going into the future?


Why did he learn shorthand?
What do we do with a camera?
What can we record with a tape-recorder?
What do you record with your tape-recorder?
What did they do before Williams take-off?
How long did William travel in the future?
How did he look when he got back?
What were his first words when he got back?
What could he say about the future?
Were there any notes in his notebook?
What was the only thing William could remember?
Do you have a camera? Can you take pictures?
Can you load a new film into your camera yourself?
What do you load into a cassette recorder?

Exercise 4. Put the sentences in the past. -


.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

says it will be a nice day.


He says he will ride to the village.
He thinks he will buy a car.
Mr Binks says it will be 5 shillings.
The red wheels will be 6 pence more.
He says Mr Bliss will have to leave his bicycle.
Mr Bliss says he will visit the Dorkinses.
The bears say they will eat them up.
He sees that he will have to give them his car.
He
is sure that Boffin will punish thebears.

305

Exercise 5. Retell the Choice. -


- , :
, , I,
we he, they.
,
.
, .
? : the man
W illiam s friend.
say: he
said, they said... .
-
.
I said, I expected you would be away several years.
Williams friend expected that William would be away several
years. : He expected that William would come back only
in a few years. : He thought that he would not see William
for many years.
Lets have some
coffee? : . , : wanted
some coffee. : asked fo r a cup of coffee.
,
.
I was hardly able to contain my impatience and asked
again, Well?
He wanted to hear Williams story very much so he told
him to begin his story.

Lesson Twenty-Eight

28

A City Called London



Pronunciation -
,
[i:], [ ] : breakfast ; bread - ; dead - ; death - ;
deaf - ; meant - ; read - .
- ,
[]: ate [et] - ; said [sed] - ; any ['e n i]
- , ; anyone ['eniwAn] - -; many
['m eni] - , .

D iscussion -

- .
. ? .
- ,
: ,
, , , ,
. , .
: They began to whizz and the donkey
was dragged flying through the air.
, : was dragged - .
- the illfated householder of Wales. : -
, ,
, , .
-, .
:

307

She then struck a light,


And later that night
Was collected in seventeen pails.
, .
... : seventeen
seven, .
she was collected they
collected her,
.
: dragged, collected -
, , ... , , , .
.

Gram m ar -
:
-ed. ,
-
.
: collected - , painted
.
: called , - .
The Romans called one of their settlements Londinium. .
Today it is a big city called London. -
, .
.
composed -
counted -
crashed -
divided -
invented -

308

founded -
frightened -
printed -
used -
watered -

, - ,
. ,
:
,
, , ...
,
?
,
Russian, printed.
What postcards do you collect? -
?
I collect Russian cards. - .
I collect cards printed before 1917. -
, 1917 .
:
,
.
made -
brought -
known -
written -

bought -
cut -
left -
taken -

Q uestion -
?
: -
, Past participle.
:
. ,
be: , : been.
:
- ,
. ,
w rite - w ritten.
w rite [ra it] v (wrote; written) .

309

w ritten ,
: written [ritn ] p.p. write. : p.p.
- past participle ( )
write. write, ?
: - . ,
, . Its
elementary, Watson.

. .
bought . - .
The car bought by him is yellow. - ,
, .
Jack b u ilt a house. - .
Look at the house built by Jack. - ,
.
They caught a dragon. - .
The dragon caught in the woods is actually a goose. , , .

.
Base Form

Simple Past

Past Participle

do ()
drink ()
eat ()
go ()
grow ()
swim ()

did
drank
ate
went
grew
swam

done
drunk
eaten
gone
grown
swum

,

. Mr Bliss cannot put on the brakes.
Why? .
-
, . by ,
( ) .
310

Mr Bliss was so squeezed by Mrs Knight that he could not


put on the brakes. -
, .
This is the house built by Jack. - ,
.
Where are the tarts stolen by the Knave? - ,
?

Reading -
, ,
, .
. came like a bolt from the blue.
. gave the Dorkinses a real
surprise. .
balloon - ,
.

O ut o f the Blue


Mr Bliss fell face downwards on the beetle. Mr Day knocked
Albert over and stood on his head. Teddy sat on Herbert. Mrs
Knight knocked down Egbert. Archie landed on the souptureen splashing the soup all over himself.
So Mr Bliss gave the Dorkinses a real surprise!
They were very angry and Albert said to Mr Bliss, Next
time you come go to the front door and ring the bell! Do not
throw people out of a balloon onto our picnic!
We did not come in a balloon, said Mr Bliss. I brought
my friends in a car, and we left it at the gate.
Thank goodness, said Egbert. We would not like to have
your car on our lovely carpet. I think, he added, that one of
your friends is sitting on a beetle.
Then Mrs Knight jumped to her feet with a shriek, crying,
O my bananas - all my bones are broken!
She did not want to sit down because she was afraid of
beetles. But Mr Bliss showed her the beetle squashed on his
forehead.
311

Notes -
1. knock (, ,
) over down.
: , ( ). ,
, knock down.
I knocked at the door. - .
A car knocked down a man. - .
We were knocked out by the news. -
.
2. on onto
in into: to, ,
- .
A beetle crawled onto the carpet. - .
Now it is on the carpet. - .
3. my bananas!
.
- -,
.

Phrases -
fell face downwards. - .
landed on the carpet. - .
Next time you come ring the bell. -
, .
Thank goodness. - .
She jumped to her feet with a shriek. -
.
All her bones are broken. - .
splashed the soup all over himself. -
.
Do not throw people out of a balloon. - He
.
312

Reading -
Make Sure Its a K itty

,
There was a young man from the city,
Who saw what he thought was a kitty.
To make sure of that
He gave it a pat.
They buried his clothes - what a pity!

C ould You Hush th a t Russian Lady?

He ?
There was a young lady of Russia,
Who screamed so that no one could hush her;
Her screams were extreme,
No one heard such a scream
As was screamed by that lady of Russia.
,
. ,
(diner) (waiter).
Diner: Waiter! There is a fly in my soup.
Waiter: It is all right. Look, there is a spider in it, too.
Diner: Waiter! There is a fly in my soup.
Waiter: Do not worry, madam. It is dead.
Diner: Waiter! There is a centipede in my salad!
Waiter: I see. That will be 60 pence extra for the meat.
Words -
kitty ['kiti] - ; bury [beri] - , ;
scream [skri:m] - ; hush [1] - ,
; extreme [iks'tri:m] - ; spider
[' spa ida] - ; centipede ['sentipi:d] - ; extra
[' ekst ra] - .
313

W ord -
as
, as... as ( ... ).
Tim is as tall as Kate. - , .
She is as old as him. - , .
as
: ,
.
as ,
, .
knocked down Fattie as he fell onto the carpet. -
, . :
, .
As they came nearer they saw a dragon. -
, .
as because
, .
She did not sit down as she was afraid of beetles. -
, .
The waiter asked for sixty pence extra for the meat as
there was a fly in the diners soup. -
,
.
We did not have to knock as the door was open. -
, .
The Dorkinses were very angry as they could not go on
with their lunch. - ,
.
The visit of Mr Bliss was a real surprise as he had come
from the sky. -
, .

314

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Translate into Russian. -
. , ,
, , ,
, .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

Most children like books/written by Tolkien.


This is the cart/smashed by Mr Bliss.
English people eat oranges/grown in Spain.
They sell fruit/imported from Greece and Israel.
Tim collects coins/minted before 1950.
Name any novel/written by Dickens.
Letters/sent by air-mail/go faster.
Do you know the language/spoken here?
Do you know the subjects/taught at English schools?
The police found a car/stolen by a thief.
The King had tea with tarts/baked by the Queen.
Alice ate the cake/found in the box.
He did not remember the things/shown to him.
The car/found by the police/belongs to Mr Brown.
The hunters/frightened by the dragon/ran away.

Words -
im p o rt [im 'po:t] - , ; m in t [m in t] ()-, a ir-m a il ['eameil] - ; b e lo n g
[bi'lor)] - .

To Die Like a Briton



P ronunciation -
, .
t: castle ['kcusl] - ; listen
['lis n ] - ; th istle ['Qisl] - ; w histle ['w is l]
- ; w restle ['resl] - .
w : w rite
[ a it] - ; wreck [rek] - ; wren [ren] ()', w rist [ris t] - .
b m: lamb [laem] ; thum b [0 ] - (); dumb [! ]
- ; tom b [tu:m ] - ; clim b [k la im ] - ,
.

D iscussion -
- -
... , -
, ,
,
.
Briton ['b ritn ]
, (English), (Scottish)
(Welsh).
There was a young man who was bitten
By twenty-two cats and a kitten.
Cried he, It is clear
My end is quite near.
No matter! Ill die like a Briton!
316

- bite ().
: b it () bitten ().
Who bit the young man? - ?
The cats did. - .
The cats bit him. - .
, cats ()
- , .
bite :
. bite
(the active voice).

, . We are surprised. .
We are shocked. We ask:
Who was he bitten by? - ?
was bitten by twenty-two cats! -
!
The young man was also bitten by a kitten. -
.
bite
: was bitten. -
(the passive voice). ?
, ,
: ,
.

Gram m ar -
,
- be -
... bitten
(, ).
, , : I am
bitten, you are bitten... ,
, ...
: , ...
317

, ,
- invite ().
.

The Passive Voice


The Simple Present -
I am invited. - .
You are invited. - .
is invited. - .
She is invited. - .
We are invited. - .
They are invited. - .
,
,
was were. .
I ' was invited to Tims birthday. -
.
Kate and Dick were invited, too. -
.
Were you invited? - ?
Yes, we were. - .
Was Jack invited? - ?
No, he was not. - .
w ill ( shall),
be.
We shall be invited. - . :
.
Everyone will be invited. - . :
.
New houses will be built and old houses will be pulled
down. - , (
) .
318

Q uotation -
,
(. 9, . 22),
.
The Son of Man must suffer many things. He will be
rejected by the older Jewish leaders, the leading priests, and
the teachers of the law. The Son of Man willbe killed. But
after three days he will be raised from death.
suffer [rSAfa] , ,
, . Jewish
[rd3 u:iJ] ,
, - . leading
;
leading priests
.
,
.
The Son of Man will be rejected by the Jewish leaders. .
will be killed. - .
will be raised from death. - .

Grammar -
:
, , .
, ,
, , .
Football is played all over the world. -
.
The first plane was invented in the United States. -
() .
319

The new opera will be performed for the first time on


Saturday night. -
.
- :
,
? by,
.
The telephone was invented by Alexander Bell. -
.
Letters are delivered by postmen. -
.
The robber will be interrogated by Sergeant Boffin. -
.

Q uestion -
,
?
: ,

. ,
.
People use English everywhere. -
.
English is used everywhere. -
. : .
, English
.
,
.
It often rains here. It is raining now. Light goes fast. We
get up in the morning. We go to school. They stay at home.
She often smiles. They are doing fine.
320

Reading -
(. 27, . 33-40)
.
- C rucifixion ().
crucify ().
.
Jesus was killed on a cross. - .
The soldiers threw lots to decide who would get his clothes.
- , ,
.
What was the charge against him? -
?
What did the sign read? - ?
People shook their heads. - .

The C rucifixion

They all came to the place called Golgotha... At Golgotha,


the soldiers gave Jesus wine to drink. This wine was mixed
with gall. He tasted the wine but refused to drink it. The
soldiers nailed Jesus to a cross. They threw lots to decide
who would get his clothes...
They put a sign above Jesus head with the charge against
him written on it. The sign read: This is Jesus, the King of
the Jews. Two robbers were nailed to crosses beside Jesus,
one on the right and the other on the left. People walked by
and insulted Jesus. They shook their heads, saying, You said
you could destroy the Temple and build it again in three days.
So save yourself!
W ords -
soldier ['sould3 a] - ; wine [wain] - ; mix [miks] ; gall [go:l] - ; nail [neil] - (
); charge [tjad 3 ] - ; insult [insAlt] -
; temple ['tempi] - ; save [seiv] - .
321

Reading -
The S tory o f London

There were some small settlements all along the River
Thames before the Roman invasion. But most historians say
that London was founded by the Romans. Britain remained a
Roman colony for over 400 years. During that time the Romans
built a lot of fortifications. Some big roads were built to link
London with other Roman settlements.
In AD 61 there was a big rebellion against Roman rule. It
was headed by Queen Boudicca. London and some other
settlements were razed to the ground by the rebels. They
were defeated and Boudicca poisoned herself. She did not
want to be captured by the Romans.
London was rebuilt and in the 2nd century a wall was
erected to protect the inhabitants. A few centuries later London
became the fifth largest city in Europe.
Words -
settlement ['setlmant] - ; remain [ri'mein] -
, ; during ['djuarig] - , ; link
[lirjk] - ; erect [i'rekt] - ; poison ['poizn]
- ; capture [kaeptja] - , ( ).
Notes -
1.

-tion.
fo rtification () - fo rtify ['fo:tifai ] ();
protection () - protect [pra'tekt] ().
-sion,
invasion [in'vei 3 n] (
), invade [in'veid] (
, ). : decide [di'said]
() decision [di'si 3 n]
().
322

inhabitant [in'haebitant] (
) - inhabit [in'haebit] ().
-ant assistant (
) - assist [a'sist] ().
2.
: rebel [ri'bel] - , a rebel ['rebl],
, , ,
. rebellion
[ri'beljan] , , .
defeat [di'fi:t]
, ,
- .
Queen Boudicca and her subjects rebelled against Roman
rule. -
.
The rebels were defeated in a desperate battle. -
.
They suffered a defeat at the hands of the Romans. -
.
The battle ended in a crushing defeat of the rebels.
.
3. find [faind] (),
found [faund].
found [faund] ().
The Romans found a good place for the new settlement. .
They founded London not far from the mouth of the Thames.
- .
When was London founded? -
?
The exact date of the foundation is not known. -
.
323

4.
re-
. - -.
London was razed to the ground, but the Romans rebuilt it.
- ,
.
The building was remodelled in the 20th century. -
20- .

W ord -
may [mei] .
.
, ,
, .
.
May he come with us? - ?
You may go. - .
Only the goalkeeper may handle the ball. -
.
Other players may not handle it. -
( ) .
may
. may
m ight [mait].
may come later. - , .
We may see him tomorrow. - ,
.
may be tired. - , .
I knew that she might come at any time. - ,
.
may .
May you live a happy life. -
.
324

Reading -
may ,
, , . Translate
this text using a dictionary. ,
, -
.
.

. , goal [goul]
- , - .
object - .

W ho May Handle the Ball?

?
Football is played with a round leather ball. It is played on
a field which is usually 260 yards long and 100 yards wide.
There are two goals which are opposite each other.
Football is played by twenty-two players. There are two
teams, or sides, and there are eleven players in each team.
One of them is the goalkeeper. He defends the goal of his
team. There are some forwards, full-backs and half-backs in a
team. The forwards attack and their object is to put the ball
into the goal of the rival team. Forwards score goals.
The backs help the goalkeeper to defend their goal from
the attacks of their rivals. Sometimes they join the forwards
and become attackers.
The ball is advanced by kicking or heading. Most players
may not handle the ball. Only the goalkeeper may do it when he is in his own penalty area.
A game lasts 90 minutes. It is divided into two halves of 45
minutes each. The game is started from the centre. A coin is
tossed by the referee and the winner begins the game. Or the
winner chooses which goal to take and defend. The goals are
changed at half-time. The game is restarted from the centre
after each goal.
325

Q uotation -
(. 6, . 9-10)
: , .
... -, ,
may .
This, then, is how you should pray:
Our Father in heaven:
May your holy name be honoured;
may your Kingdom come;
may your will be done on earth
as it is in heaven...
Notes -
1. Heaven ['hevn] - ,
, . holy ['houli]
. , kingdom ['kigdamj -
,
.
: w ill - ;
w ill.
2.
. ,
.
May your holy name be honoured. -
.
May your will be done on earth. -
.
This text must be learnt by heart. -
.
The following words should be copied and translated. .
Some exercises can be done orally. -
.
326

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Put the sentences in the passive voice. .
Example: They nailed him to a cross.
He was nailed to a cross.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

They took Jesus to the place called Golgotha.


They gave him some wine to drink.
They mixed the wine with gall.
They crucified Jesus at Golgotha.
They threw lots to decide who would take his clothes.
They put a sign above his head.
They wrote the charge on the sign.
They nailed two robbers beside Jesus.
They insulted him.
Could they rebuild the temple in three days?

Exercise 2. Put the verbs in brackets in the simple past


using the passive voice. -
,
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.

Jesus (take) to the governors palace.


A robber (free) and Jesus (sentence) to death.
A crown (make) of thorns for Jesus.
The crown (put) on his head.
Peter said that Jesus (not know) to him.
It (decide) by the priests that Jesus had to die.
Jesus (betray) by Judas.
Thirty coins (give) to Judas by the priests.
After Judas death the coins (use) to buy a field.
Strangers (bury) in that field.
That field (call) the Field of Blood.
The body of Jesus (take) down from the cross.
It (put) in a new tomb.
Three days later Jesus (raise) to life.
327

Exercise 3. Translate the sentences into English using the


passive voice. - ,
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

.
.
.
.
.
.
, .
.
.
.

Exercise 4. Answer the questions. - .


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

What is football played with?


How many players are there in a football team?
Whatdoes a goalkeeper do?
Whatis the object of the forwards?
Whatis the object of the backs?
Who do
the backshelp?
How is the ball advanced?
Who of the players may handle the ball?
How long does a game last?
What is done after each goal?

Have You Ever Seen the Rain?


- ?
P ronunciation -
au , , [:]: caught
[ko:t] - ; taught [to:t] - .
:
bought [bo:t] - ; fought [fo:t] - ,
( ); thought [0o:t] - .

: - ,
- , , ...

C onversation -
- : - -
... They go along a path in the forest
thinking about Heffalumps and then Pooh says...
Pooh: Piglet, I have decided
something.
Piglet: What have you decided?
Pooh: I have decided to catch
a Heffalump.
Piglet: How?

, -
.
?

.
?

, :
? : . Catching
a Heffalump is a dangerous thing. What if the Heffalump
catches you instead?
, :
have decided? ?
329

Grammar -
, , .
, , ,
... , . ,

(the present perfect tense).
have
- ,
. , I have decided
, , ,
: .

buy ()
- .

The Present Perfect



The Singular -
I have bought a book. - .
You have bought a map. - .
has bought . - .
She has bought a ruler. - .
The Plural -
We have bought some paper. - .
You have bought a dictionary. - .
They have bought nothing. - .
What about it? Has it bought anything? -
? , , (it) - .
it, he she, have has. So, it
has bought something. ? But what has it
bought?

330

have .
Have you bought anything? - - ?
Has he bought the book which he wanted? -
, ?
Have you seen the things which he bought? -
, ?
have ( has)
.
Have you painted the fence? - ?
Yes, I have. - , .
No, I have not. - , .
Has he locked the door? - ?
Yes, he has. - , .
No, he has not. - , .
,
have ( has) .
What have you given him? - ?
Where have you taken them? - ?
Why have they come back? - ?
Which book has he chosen? - ?
Who has removed my things? - ?
, present perfect
,
, .
.
has brought some new books, here they are. -
, .
I have baked a cake, help yourselves. - ,
.
I have done the exercises, have a look at them. -
, .

331

C onversation -
: - ,
: , ...
, , : !

W here Is Your Tail?


?
Pooh: What has happened
to your tail?
Eeyore: What has happened
to it?
Pooh: It isnt there!
Eeyore: Are you sure?
Pooh: Of course I am.
Eeyore: Lets have a look...
Pooh: Yes, look for yourself.
Eeyore: It seems you are right.
Pooh. Of course I am right.
You must have left it
somewhere.
Eeyore: Someone must
have taken it.


?

?
( )!
?
, .
- ...
, .
, .
, .
, ,
-.
, -
.

Notes -
, must,
,
, .
Someone must have taken his tail. - -, ,
.
must have lost it. - , .
must have left it somewhere. - ,
-.
The bears must have eaten all the bananas. - ,
, .

332

G ram m ar -
(present perfect)
, .
, ,
, ,
(simple past).
: yesterday, ago
last .
The Present Perfect

The Simple Past

He has just come back.


.

He came back a minute ago.


.

He has lost his wallet.


.

He lost it yesterday.
.

She has left.


.

She left last year.


.

,
. have
ve, a have not havent. ,
- , ,
fo r ages. break -
, - .
Tim: Hello, Ann. Have you had lunch?
Ann: Yes, I have.
Tim: I wonder where Dick is. I have not seen him for ages.
Ann: I saw him during the break, just an hour ago.
Tim: What was he doing?
Ann: Well, he was just... doing nothing.
Tim: By the way, do you remember Kates telephone number?
Ann: Why, dont you have it in your notebook?
Tim: It seems... I must have left it at home. Have you seen it?
Ann: No, I havent. Look in your bag.

333

W ord -
, ,
,
. already [od'redi] yet [jet].
- . , already
, a yet - .
Have you had tea yet? - ?
No, I have not. - .
I havent finished my soup yet. -
() .
Everyone has already left. - .

Reading -
, , , ,
-
, .
! , , (herald).

The Trial o f the C entury


King: Jury, what is your
verdict?
Herald: Not yet! We have not
listened to the
witnesses yet.
King: Call the first
witness!
Herald: First witness!
This is the Hatter.
Hatter: I am sorry, your
majesty, I have not
finished my tea yet...

334

,
?
!

.

!
!
.
,
,
...

W ord -
(another couple of words),
:
ever (-) never ().
Ever .
have .
Have you ever seen her? - - ?
Has she ever seen you? - - ?
Never ,
not, do not, is not
. Never have .
I have never smoked. - .
has never been late. - .
She has never cried. - .
, -
fo r since. fo r , ,
- , ...
She has lived in Moscow for many years. -
.
They have had this car for only a month. -
.
We have not seen each other for two years. -
.
Since , , ,
- , ...
- .
I have not seen her since last Friday. -
.
We have not heard of him since he moved. -
, .

335

C onversation -
A ll th e Places Ive V isited

,
Tim: Have you ever been to
Canada?
Kate: No. 1 have been to
France, Russia... 1 have
never been across
the ocean. Have you?
Tim: Yes, 1 have been to
the USA.
Kate: Did you like it there?
Tim: Yes. Have you ever
travelled by boat?
Kate: No, 1 have not.
Tim: When did you go
to Russia?
Kate: Last month.
Tim: My dad is in
Canada now.
Kate: Really? What is he
doing there?
Tim: He is looking for a
good job.
Kate: Why, he has a job
here in England.
Tim: Well, he says that the
climate in Canada
is much better.
Kate: How long has he been
in Canada?
Tim: About two weeks.
He left on the tenth.
Kate: When is he coming
back?
Tim: In a week.

336

-
?
.
, ...

. ?
, .
?
. -
?
.

?
.

.
?
?

.
,
.
, ,

.
()
?
.
.

?
.

Notes -
1. travel (, )
.
We travelled to London by boat. -
.
They travelled to New York by plane. - .
Where did the Bakers travel last? -
?
How did you travel? - ?
We travelled by train and then changed to a bus. -
, .
2. Where have you been? :
, ? in your
life ( ). to ,
, .
Have you been to England? - ?
has been to France a few times. -
.
, ,
, in: ? ,
in .
, , a in
, .
Mr Baker has been to Canada many times. -
.
has left for Canada again. - .
left on the tenth. - ().
has been in Canada for two weeks now. -
() .
is staying in a hotel. - .
will be back soon. - .

337

Reading -
,
. Why? ,
. Australia [o :s'tre ilja ] is a big country.
People (and crocodiles) speak English there. Sydney ['s id n i]
is the biggest Australian city. It is in Russian.

Hide Me in a Suitcase


Lets travel to Australia and visit the zoo in Sydney. Look
at the kangaroos! Just listen to those two crocodiles behind
the fence. They are having a chat looking at us. Do they want
to eat us up? No. The thing is that they have never left the
zoo. Listen, one of them is saying, I hope they will make
suitcases from my hide when I die.
Why? the other crocodile asks.
Its my best wish to travel all over the world.
Words -
kangaroo [,kser)g9'ru:] - ; chat [tjaet] - (
) ; hope [houp] - ; suitcase ['sju:tkeis]
- ; hide [haid] - .

E xercises -
Exercise 1. Put the verbs in the present perfect. -
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
338

Pooh goes to the forest.


They dig a deep pit.
He puts a pot of honey into the pit.
She helps her mum to cook lunch.
The driver turns to the right.
The car smashes a cart.
The secretary writes a few letters.
The man finishes his breakfast.
Tims mum makes a pot of tea.
The gardeners paint the roses red.

Exercise 2. Translate into English using the present perfect.


- ,
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

?
.
.
.
?
.
?
.
- ?
.
.
.

Exercise 3. Fill in the gaps with since or for. -


since for.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

She hasnt written to us ... last year.


I havent heard from her ... a year.
They havent come to see me ... a long time.
He has been in London ... June.
You haven't had time for a holiday ... many months.
We have had no rebellions ... centuries.
She has been ill ... a week.
We havent done anything ... a month.
It hasnt rained here ... 1995.
Nobody has called ... you left.

G iv in g E vid e n ce


P ronunciation -

[]. blood
. : m other - ; brother ; son - ; among - ; another - ,
; some - ; enough [i'nAf] - ;
southern ['] - ; blood [b k d ] - .

Reading -
. ? Has anyone
killed someone? - -? Has anyone stolen
something? - - ? : ?
Who is who?
: (king), (queen) (knave)
- (playing cards), :
They are hearts [hcuts] (). They are of one suit ().
The other suits are diamonds (), clubs () and
spades (). .
We are going to see a whole pack of cards in the court.
. He is the judge.
. He is the accused. accuse [a 'k jirz ]
, of. The Knave is
accused of stealing the tarts.
- accusation [,aekju:fz e ijn ] ().

. Jury ['d 3 u a ri] ,
ju ror [^].
- w itness ['w itn is j.
: he gives evidence ['evidans].
340

The Trial o f the C entury


Part I
Herald:
Alice:
Herald:
Alice:

The trial is beginning. Come on.


What trial is it?
Come now and you will see.
The King and Queen of Hearts are sitting on their
throne. There is a great crowd in the hall. There are
little birds and animals and there is a whole pack of
cards. Who is the accused?
Herald: The Knave is. There he is standing in front of the
King and the Queen.
Alice: Oh, he is in chains! I have never been in a court
before. I have only read about it in books. Who is the
judge?
Herald: The King is! Look, he is wearing his crown over the wig.
Alice: And those must be the jurors. The trial has not
begun yet, and they are writing busily!
Herald: They are writing down their names.
Alice: Why?
Herald: Theyre afraid to forget them before the end of the trial.
Alice: Stupid things!
Herald: Silence in the Court!
King: Herald, read the accusation!
Herald: The Queen of Hearts made some tarts. One summer
day the accused, the Knave of Hearts, stole those
tarts. He took them away!
Then... Look, one page is missing.
! , :
, , ,
, ,
. , ?
- ! ,
. . The Hatter is being
questioned.
341

The Trial o f the C entury


Part II
King:
Hatter:
King:
Hatter:
King:
Hatter:
Hare:
Hatter:
Hare:
Hatter:
King:
Hatter:
King:
Hatter:
King:
Queen:

Take off your hat.


It isnt mine.
Stolen! Jurors, write that down!
I make hats and sell them. I am a hatter.
Give your evidence. And tell the truth, or I will have
you executed on the spot.
I am a poor man, your majesty. I just began my
tea... about a week ago. Only the March Hare said...
I did not say anything!
You did!
I did not.
Well, then it was the Dormouse who said...After that
I cut some more bread and butter...
But what did the Dormouse say?
I do not remember.
You must remember, or I will have youexecuted!
I am a poor man, your majesty...
You are a poor speaker. You may go.
Officer, and just cut his head off outside.

Notes -
1.
,
.
:
- give your verdict ['v9:dikt].
() g u ilty ['g ilti] () not
g u ilty ( ). ,
- he reads the sentence ['sentans]. If the jury decides
that the accused is not guilty, the judge sets him free.
, ,
,
. has told the jury a few times to give their verdict.
342

2. - execute
['e ksikju :t] ().
: be executed ( ). ,
-, , .
,
:
I will execute you on the spot! - !
I will cut off your head. - .
I w ill have you executed,
.
,
, , , .
.
has his car repaired once in two years. -
.
had it repaired a month ago. -
.
3. :
,
, : I
am a poor man. : You are a poor
speaker. . It is a play on words.
. Look up poor. Its meanings are ,
, , , , ...
poor - , ,
- , , .
?
,
, :
- , .
- .
343

Gram m ar -
(present perfect)
,
: - ,
, .
already yet, ever never, since for,
.
They have arrived now. - . (
.)
I have not seen him today. - .
( ).
She has come twice this week. -
. ( .)
has been to France a few times th is year. -
. (
.)
Brown has been abroad many times in his life. -
. (
, .)
I have not seen her recently. -
. ( .)
ju st
.
We have ju st had lunch. - .
has ju st left. - .
The train has ju st arrived. - .
, ,
(simple past).
I saw him a m inute ago. - .
lived in Rome in 1991. - 1991 .
phoned on Tuesday. - .
344

C onversation -
It Rem inds Me o f Som ething

-
Pooh: Oh, you have a new bell-rope.
Owl: A nice thing.
Pooh: It reminds me of something. I think that I have seen
it somewhere else. How long have you had it?
Owl: Well, just a couple of hours.
Pooh: It reminds me of something but I cannot say what?
Where did you get it?
Owl: I just found it in the forest. It was hanging over a
bush. I thought that somebody lived there, so I pulled
it to ring the bell. Nobody answered. Then I rang it
again and it came off. It seemed that nobody wanted
it, so I took it home, and...
Pooh: Owl, you made a mistake.
Owl: Why?
Pooh: Someone really wanted it.
Owl: Who?
Pooh: My friend Eeyore. He liked it very much.
Owl: Liked it?
Pooh: He was attached to it. It was his tail!
Words -
bell-rope ['belroup] - ;
find [faind] - ; hang [haeg] - ; come off
['kAin'of] - , ; attach [a'taetf] -
( ).
Notes -

of: remind
of something - -; accuse of something
- -; consist of som ething -
-.
345

Phrases -
, -
- ,
, how long ( ).
, - , ,
, .
How long have you had it? - ?
How long have you been here? - ?
How long has he had this car? - ()
?
How long has she learned English? - ()
?
How long , ,
, .
How long did he stay there? - ?
How long will it take? - ?

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Answer the questions using since or for. , since for.
Example: How long have you been in London? (two days).
I have been in London fo r two days.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
346

Howlong has she worked at Tims school? (January)


Howlong have you known the Bakers? (a month)
Howlong has Tim been away? (Saturday)
Howlong have they looked for it? (three hours)
Howlong have you had this toy? (last birthday)
Howlong have they kept cows? (four years)
Howlong has she lived in the village? (a few months)
Howlong has he worked here? (two and a half years)
Howlong has the trial lasted? (a few hours)
Howlong has he used this bicycle? (1998)

Exercise 2. Translate into English using the present perfect.


- ,
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

.
- ?
?
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
- ?
- ?

T he Im p o rta n t W itn e ss


Discussion -
,
- ,
, :
Who
Who
How
Was
Was
Was

did it? - ?
stole the tarts? - ?
did the trial end? - ?
the Knave acquitted? - ?
he found guilty? - ?
he executed? - ?

: ? Is the
judge severe? ? Is he fair?
? Is he impartial? ,
. The King seems to be a lenient judge.
judge .
: The
King judges severely (), fairly (), impartially
(), leniently ().
sentence ()
.
The judge pronounced the sentence. -
.
The prisoner was sentenced to death. -
.
The accused was sentenced to a year in prison. -
.

348

Reading -
The Trial o f the C entury


Part III
King: Jury, consider your verdict!
Herald: Not yet, not yet. Your majesty must listen to the next
witness.
King: Well, if I must, I must. Call the next witness!
Herald: Alice!
Alice: Here!
King: What do you know about this business?
Alice: Nothing.
King: Nothing at all?
Alice: Nothing at all.
King: That is very important. Jury, write it down!
Herald: Unimportant, your majesty. Your majesty means
unimportant...
King: Unimportant, of course. Jury, give your verdict!
Herald: Not yet, your majesty. This paper has just been found.
Queen: What is in it?
Herald: I have not opened it yet. But it seems to me that it
is a letter...
King: What letter?
Herald: A letter written by the prisoner to... someone.
Notes -

. , ,
They have found this paper ( ).
- ,
: The paper is found ( ).
: This paper has been
found ( ).
.

349

The Trial o f the C entury


Part IV
King: Who is the letter
directed to?
Herald: It is not directed at all. There is nothing written on
the outside...
Queen: Then what is inside?
Herald: Let me see... It is not a letter after all. It is a set of
verses.
King: Are they in the Knaves handwriting?
Herald: No, they are not.
King: He has imitated someones handwriting!
Knave: Your majesty, I did not write it. And they cannot
prove that I did.
King: Why?
Knave: There is
no name at the end of
it.
King: You did not sign it! The worse for you. You have
meant some mischief. An honest man should sign
his letters.
Queen: That proves his guilt.
King: Let the jury give their...
Queen: No, no, sentence first - verdict after!
Alice: Nonsense! The verdict comes first.
Queen: Hold your tongue!
Alice: I will not!
Queen: Cut off her head!
Words -
direct [di'rekt] - , ; outside ['aut'said]
- ; inside [in'said] - ; set [set] - ,
; verse [va:s] - ; handwriting ['haendraitir)]
- ; imitate ['imiteit] - ; prove [pru:v] ; sign [sain] - ; mischief ['mistfif] , ; honest ['onist] - ; guilt [gilt] - ;
tongue [Ur)] - .
350

D iscussion -
- ...
!
.
If I must, I must. - , .
An honest man should sign his letters. -
.
Nonsense! - ! : !
Hold your tongue! - !
...

, : Sentence first! ,
, , ,
.
, :
Important witness examined today. -
.
Important evidence found. - .
Sentence first! demands her majesty. -
! - .
The worse fo r you

, ... .
The sooner the better. - , .
The quicker you drive the sooner we get there. -
, .
The more money people get the more they spend. -
, .
The worse for you. - .
The better for her. - .
351

C onversation -
Present perfect
,
.
, .

Put E verything in Its Place


Tim:
Mum:
Tim:
Mum:
Tim:
Mum:
Tim:
Mum:
Tim:
Mum:
Tim:
Mum:
Tim:
Mum:
Tim:
Mum:
Tim:
Mum:
Tim:
Mum:
Tim:
Mum:
Tim:
Mum:
Tim:

352

Have you seen my new cassette, Mum?


Which cassette? You have tens of them.
The cassette I bought two days ago.
Have you looked everywhere?
Yes, I have!
It must be on the shelf where you keep all your
cassettes...
I looked. It isnt there!
Now, look among these things... You must tidy up
your room.
I tidied it up just a couple of days ago.
It was a couple of months ago!
You have moved it somewhere.
I have not touched anything in your room.
Then, where can it be?
I think you have given it to one of your friends.
I have not. I listened to it a few days ago...
Remember, you went to that school party the day
before yesterday.
Yes. And what?
I think you took it and left it there.
No, I brought it back... Oh, here it is!
Where did you find it? Where was it?
It was in the player. I forgot to take it out.
Now hurry up not to be late for school.
Thats all right.
You have not had your breakfast yet.
Never mind. I can do without it.

W ords -
shelf [Jelf] - ; among ['] - , ; tidy up
['taidi'Ap] - (); move [mu:v] -
; touch [UtJ] - , ; take out [teik'aut]
- ; without [wi6'aut] - .

Notes -
1. ten ,
. ten
,
.
They have read tens of Tolkiens books. -
.
I paid hundreds of pounds. - .
had the nine of clubs. - .
Take the number five (bus). - ().
2. . , ,
, among. - ,
, between.
Look among the books. - .
Look between the sofa and the table. -
.
3. ,
... : some
any.
looks everywhere. - .
It must be somewhere. - -.
cannot find it anywhere. - .
Have you seen it anywhere? - -?
Look elsewhere. - -.

353

4.
, ,
-, w ithout.
I can do without it. - .
I can do without your help. -
.
I can do without your advice. -
.
-
- - - .
We cannot do without a dictionary. -
.
cannot do without her help. -
.

Q uestion -
-
. .
Tim lives in London. - . (
, .)
has lived there all his life. - ( )
.
Tim is in York now; he is living in a hotel. -
; . (
, .)
When he went to York he lived in a hotel. -
, . ( .)
When Kate came to his place, Tim was watching TV. , .
( , .)
is going to Canada soon. - .
( .)
will go and live in Canada for a time. -
. ( .)

354

E xercises -
Exercise 1. Put the verbs in brackets in the present perfect
or simple past. -
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

They crossed the river and (catch) a dragon.


Mr Bliss turned to the right and (run) into Mr Day.
Piglet (plant) some acorns yesterday.
He (plant) hundreds of them this week.
One day Pooh (go) to see Rabbit.
He said, I (not see) Rabbit for a long time.
Pooh (come) to live in the forest last Friday.
Rabbit (live) in the forest all his life.
Ann (live) in London since she was one year old.
In old times judges often (sentence) criminals to death.

Exercise 2. Make sentences in the simple past or present


perfect adding since, fo r or ago. -

, since, fo r ago ,
.
Example: They/move/Park Street/ten years.
They moved to Park Street ten years ago.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

The King/come/five minutes.


Mr Baker/work/this bank/five years.
Tim/not play/tennis/last Sunday.
Dinosaurs/vanish/60 million years.
Tim/not see/Dick/a long time.
Bliss/not use/his bicycle/he left it at Binkss shop.
They/move/London/two months.
They/live/London/1990.
The Knave/write/his letter/a day.
He/not speak/English/he moved to France.
He/not eat/anyting/a few days.
She/not write/me/May.

355

Exercise 3. Change the sentences using must. -


, must.

.
Example: has gone deaf. - .
m ust have gone deaf.
- , , .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

The Knave has stolen the tarts.


The Hatter and the March Hare have eaten them all.
He has imitated someones handwriting.
He has directed the letter to the Queen.
The Knave has meant some mischief.
She has moved her sons cassettes.
Tim has taken the cassette to a school party.
He has left the cassette in the recorder.
Mr Bliss has lost his wallet.
He has gone mad.

If I W ere a B ear


Pronunciation -
s [J]:
sure [Jua] - ; surely ['Juali] - ; insure
[in'Jua] - ; insurance [in'Juarans] -
; sugar [Juga] - .
s [],
: leisure [] - ; pleasure ['1] -
; measure [ ' ] - ; casual ['kae3 ju a l] , ; visual ['v i 3 ju a l] - ,
.

Gram m ar -
: , ! What
will be, will be! ,
: , ?
If I found a treasure, I would be very rich. -
, .
I would to Australia and other distant countries. -
.
, ,
, .
If I were a bear, I would have a fur-coat. -
, .
If I were a bear, I would not mind the frost. -
, .

357

if . Why?
-
- . .
If you see Dick, tell him to phone me. -
, , .
If you go shopping, buy me an ice-cream. -
, .
If it rains tomorrow, I will take an umbrella. -
, .
,
, w ill.
. if
.
,
.
If you come J I will show you my coins. -
, .
If he buys a car J he will sell his bicycle. -
, .
If they go across the river J they will see a dragon. , .
,
, w ill have to w ill be able to.
If it rains tomorrow, I will have to take my umbrella. -
, .
If she comes, she will be able to see my coins. -
, .
-
would (). , ,
-
. -
: , .
358

,
: , ,
. -
: If I came, if I saw, if I conquered.
will would.
If she came, I would show her my collection. -
, .
If I could, I would travel all over the world. -
, .
be
were. ,
was, .
If I were ( was) a bear, I would have a fur-coat. -
, .
If I were you, I would learn English instead of German. .

Q uotation -
(. 21, . 21-22) ,
, ,
.
: ,
...
I tell you the truth. If you have faith and do not doubt, you
will be able to do what I did to this tree. And you will be able
to do more. You will be able to say to this mountain, Go,
mountain, fall into the sea. And if you have faith, it will
happen. If you believe, you will get anything you ask for in
prayer.
Words -
tr u th [ t r u 9 ] - ; fa ith [feiQ] - ; d o u b t [d a ut ] ; p ra y e r [] - .

359

Reading -
C hristopher Robins Dreams


If I were a bear, I would not mind if it froze or snowed. I
would have a coat like his! I would have fur boots and a big
fur cap. I would have brown fur mittens on my big brown paws.
I would sleep all the winter in a big fur bed...
If I were emperors, if I were kings, I would have a lot of
wonderful things.
If we went across the river, we would see a real dragon!
Words -
mind [ m a i n d ] - , - ;
freeze [fri:z] (froze; frozen) - ; cap [k a e p ] - ;
mitten f'mitn] - ; paw [p o :] - ; emperor [' ]
-

Notes -
emperors, kings - ?
? ,
- - . ,
: -
, , :
, !
:
, -...
, place (),
If I were ( ).
What would you do if you were in my place? -
, ?
If I were a king, I could do anything.
, .

360

W ord -
wish () ,
. , ,
, , . wish
,
were.
I wish I had a car. - .
You wish he liked you. - ,
.
I wish I were you. - .
The boy wishes he were a bear. He wishes it were not so
hot. - . ,
.

: - , ,
, ! would.
I wish he would come to see my coins. - ,
.
We wish it would snow and we could play snow-balls. , ,
.
She wishes it would stop raining. - ,
.
They wish we would join them. - ,
.
,
.
I wish I could swim. - .
I wish I knew English. - .
I wish it were warmer. - .
I wish she would turn off her TV! -
!

361

wish -
.
I wish you all the best. - .
I wish you many happy returns of the day. -
.
We wish him a Merry Christmas. -
.
They wished us a Happy New Year. -
.

Reading -
,
.
, ... ,
, !

A Door in the Wall


Alice opened a little door. It led into a small passage, not
larger than a rat-hole. She knelt down and looked along the
passage into a lovely garden.
It is the loveliest garden I have ever seen! she said.
She longed to get out of that dark hall, and walk among
those beds of bright flowers and those cool fountains. But she
could not even put her head through the door!
And even if my head went through, my shoulders would
not, she said to herself. Oh, how I wish I could shut up like
a telescope! I think I could, if I only knew how to begin.
Words -

lead [li:d] (led) - ; passage [rpaesid3] - , ;


rat-hole ['raethoul] - ; kneel [ni:l] (knelt) ; long [log] - ; bed [bed] ; fountain [' f au nt i n] - .

362

Notes -
1. , -
, through [0ru:] ().
She looked through the little door. -
.
She wished to get through, but the door was too little. -
, .
Her head would not go through. - .
2. : hall , ...
-, through?
, through - . .

, - about, up, down, on, off, in...
, - .
Come in. - .
Go on. - .
Fall in. - .

Stand up. - .
Sit down. - .
Get through. - .

in
, . .
in a house -
on a roof -
by the sea -

at home -
off the table -
over a fence -

She goes through the hole -


through ? . , -,

" ... , ,
, , . ,
, through -
... ,

. Wed better look for the proof of the pudding
in the eating and call a spade a spade.

363

Translation -

passage - , ,
, , , ...
, :
,
. ,
, ,
, , , ,
... - beds of
bright flowers. , ,
, .
.
?
spade, ,
,
- shovel. :
queen of spades,
. spades
- . .

Reading -
: .
,
, :
, ,
, ...
I often wish I were a King,
And then I could do anything.
If only I were King of Spain,
Id take my hat off in the rain.
If only I were King of France,
I wouldnt brush my hair for aunts.
I think, if I were King of Greece,
Id push things off the mantelpiece.
364

If I were King of Norroway,


Id ask an elephant to stay.
If I were King of anything,
Id tell the soldiers, Im the King!

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Translate the words in brackets. -
.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

If
If
If
If
If
If
If
If
If
If

he comes, I ( ).
it snows, he ( ).
he finds a treasure, he ( ).
we are late, mum ( ).
he buys a car, he ( ).
you take this bus, you ( ).
you leave, ( ).
he loses the key, he ( ).
they do not catch the dragon, he ( ).
you come later, you ( ).

Exercise 2. Translate these sentences using wish. -


, wish.
would could.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

, .
.
, .
.
-.
, .
.
.
.
!

Welcome Home

Pronunciation -
, al
[cu]: calm
; half [h c u f ] - ; palm [p c u m ]
['s c u m a n ] - ; calf [ k a :f] - ;
- .

[ :],
[k c u m ] -

- ; salmon
almond ['c u m a n d ]

u , ,
[ a ]: but - ; cut - ; gun - ; must ; sum - ; sun - ; supper - ;
tunnel - .
, : put [put] -
, ; push [puj] - ; pull [pul] - ;
pudding ['pudir)] - .
- , ,
... Not quite clear?
: The proof of the pudding is in the eating.
, , .
: .

Conversation -
Mother: Ann, have some more
salad.
Ann: No, thank you.
Mother: Have another helping of
the pudding.
Ann: No, thank you,
Ive had enough.

366

,
.
, .
()
.
, ,
.

Question -

-, ? : ,
, have
enough (): I have had enough.

Reading -
- -
... ,
, : I have decided to catch a
Heffalump!

would. would
, . would
will. would
if.
should : ,
.

A Trap fo r the Heffalump


Pooh said that they had to catch a Heffalump. He was
going to do it by means of a trap. And he said that it would
be a cunning trap. He wanted Piglet to help him.
You will have to help me, Piglet, said Pooh.
I will, said Piglet feeling very happy.
Poohs first idea was that they should dig a very deep pit.
The Heffalump would come along and fall into the pit, and...
Why? asked Piglet.
Why what?
Why would he fall in?
Well, he would walk along humming a little song and
looking up at the sky, and he would not see the pit, and then
he would take another step and fall down!
Now I see, said Piglet, that it is really a cunning trap.
The question is where should we dig the pit? said Pooh.

367

Conversation -


.
Pooh: Now where should we dig the pit?
Piglet: The best place would be somewhere near the Hef
falump. Just a foot in front of him.
Pooh: But then he would see us digging it.
Piglet: No, he would be looking at the sky.
Pooh: What if he looks down? Suppose you want to catch
me. What would you do?
Piglet: Well, I would make a trap and put a pot of honey in
the trap. You would smell it, and go after it, and...
Pooh: And I would go in after it, and I would get to the pot,
and I would lick the honey...
Piglet: And then I would catch you.
Pooh: Now, what do Heffalumps like most of all?
Piglet: I think acorns.
Pooh: I think they like honey best.
Piglet: Well, all right, honey then. I will dig the pit, and you
go and bring the honey.
Words -
s te p [ step] - ; fo o t [fut] - ; s u p p o s e [sa'pouz] ; s m e ll [smel] - , (); lic k [lik]
- .

Phrases -
wish would
like. - want.
: , - ,
. - :
I want you to help me. - , .
The teacher wants us to read this text. - ,
.
368

,
. ,
.
I want you to translate this text. - ,
.
Do you want me to turn off the television? - ,
?
wants her to stop crying. - ,
.
She wants us to speak louder. - ,
.
Pooh wanted Piglet to help him with digging the pit. -
, .

Reading -

. is on his way home. Is he driving in his car? No,
he is walking and running. He has lost his car.

The Return of Mr Bliss


Part I
Mr Bliss ran all night without knowing where he was
running, he jumped over hedges, he fell into ditches... When
morning came he was dead tired. He looked around. He was
on the top of a hill. He thought that he was miles and miles
away, but he saw his own village and he could see his own
house in the distance.
There is a flag flying from my chimney! he said to
himself.
He staggered downhill, over fields and fences. He went to
Mr Binkss shop, but no one was up yet. Mr Bliss wheeled out
his bicycle from the shed and started home.
Of course he meant to come back later with his wallet and
pay. But Mr Binks could not know it! He was peeping through
his bedroom window. He began to dress in a hurry and in a
great rage, long before he usually got up.
369

Words -
h e d g e [ h e d 3 ] - , ; d itc h [ d i t j ] - ;
d is ta n c e [ d is t a n s ] - ; fly [ f l a i ] - ;
c h im n e y [t jimni ] - (); s ta g g e r ['s ta e g a ] -
; w h e e l [ w i : l ] - ; s h e d [J e d ] - ; p e e p
[p i:p ] - , ; ra g e [r e id 3 ] - .

Notes -
1. ... ? Without
knowing... ? w ithout ()
-ing, ,
, .
ran without knowing where he was going. - ,
, .
She sat without moving. - , .
left without saying a word or looking back. - ,
.
They act without thinking. - , .
That goes without saying. - .
2. , ... ?
Dead means , doesnt it? Yes, it does. Ho dead
tired, ,
. ,
.
saw a house in the distance. - .
A flag flew on the roof. - .
staggered downhill. - , .
No one was up yet. - .
was up long before he usually got up. -
, .
wheeled out his bicycle from the shed. -
.
meant to come back later with his wallet and pay. -
.

370

3.
-
, ...
fall ().
fell in. - . : ( ).
fell into a ditch. - .
fell over a stone. - , .
They ran away falling over one another. - ,
.
Some of them fell flat on the spot. -
.
,
fell.
fall ,
.
fell from a tree. - .
fell to the ground. - .
fell out of the window. - .
fell off the platform. - .
fell under a train. - .
fell over the railing. - .
fell downstairs. - .
fell on his back. - .
fell full length. - ( ).
fell asleep. - .
fell ill. - .
fell for her. - .
fell in love with her. - .
They fell out. - .
fell in battle. - .
The holiday falls on a Monday this year. -
.
dropped a cup and it fell to pieces. -
.
A lot of cattle fell because of the drought. -
- .
The farmer fell into a rage. - .

371

The Return of Mr Bliss


Part II
All right, my lad, said Mr Binks, I will go straight to
Sergeant Boffin at the police station, and he will teach you to
steal my cars! You will spend your summer holidays in prison!
The three bears, and Mrs Knight, and Mr Day, and the
Dorkinses came to the village, too - nine of them in Mr Blisss
car. They saw that a row was beginning. Binks was shouting
that Mr Bliss was a thief and Seargent Boffin should arrest
him and send him to prison. Mr Binks saw the car and
shouted even louder, He should be in prison! Look at my nice
car, now bent and full of bears and strange folk.
G-r-r-r, said one of the bears and Mr Binks stepped back
and fell into a ditch.
Mr Bliss owed money to everyone. Mr Day wanted a new
barrow, Mrs Knight wanted a new cart, the Dorkinses wanted
a new soup-tureen, Mr Binks wanted his money...
Poor Mr Bliss knew nothing of all this. He was having new
troubles! When he got
to his house, he looked up athis
chimney and saw the
Girabbits head sticking out ofthe
chimney. The Girabbit was munching one of his carpets. That
was why he looked like
a flag from far away...
When the crowd from the village came to Mr Blisss house,
they all shouted: Mr Bliss!
Mr Bliss darted indoors and turned all the keys.
I want my money! shouted Mr Binks. No answer.
He wants his money! they all shouted in chorus.
No answer.
Arrest him, said Archie to Sergeant Boffin.
I will! said Boffin.
Ha! ha! I see you, said the Girabbit at that second
sticking his head out of the chimney.
He heard them, not saw them, but they did not know that.
They looked up and saw him, and that was enough. They
were astonished. In fact most of them fell flat on the spot.
Then they got up and ran. They fell over one another in their
hurry running as quickly as they could.
372

Words -
la d [ls e d ] - ; s e rg e a n t [ 's c i ^ a n t ] - ; p o lic e
[ p a 'li. s ] - ; s ta tio n [ s t e i j n ] - ();
s p e n d [s p e n d ] - ()] ro w [ r a u ] -

, ;

th ie f [ 0 i : f ] - ; a rre s t [ o 'r e s t ] - ;
; fo lk [ f o u k ] - , ; o w e [o u ] , ; tr o u b le [] - ;
s tic k o u t [ 's t i k 'a u t ] - ; m u n c h [rn A n tJ ] - ,
; d a rt [d c u t] - , ; c h o ru s [ k o r a s ] xop; a s to n is h [ a s 't o n i j] - .
bent [b e n t] -

Notes -
1.
in out, door (),
, indoor ['indo:] (,
, ) outdoor ['autdo:]
(, ).
indoor games - ()
indoor installation -
indoor life -
outdoor games -
outdoor dress -
outdoor aerial -
-s
indoors [rin'do:z] ( ,
, ) outdoors ['aut'do:z] (, ,
, , ).
stayed indoors for a week as he was ill. -
, .
Badminton is usually played indoors. -
.
darted indoors and turned the key. -
( ).
It is cold outdoors. - .
The farmer spends most of his time outdoors. -
.
373

2.
:
.
: !
: I will go straight to the police station!
: () ,
! -
: will teach you to steal my cars!
;
:
turned all the keys.
, ,
: they all shout in chorus.
, - they run and fall flat.
- everyone falls on the spot.

Exercises -
Exercise 1. Translate these sentences using should. , should.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
() , .
.

Exercise 2. Put the sentences in direct speech. -


.
Example: Tim said that he wanted a new cassette.
Tim said, I want a new cassette.
Tim told Ann to bring him an ice-cream.
Tim said, Ann, bring me an ice-cream.
374

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Pooh said that he would catch a Heffalump in a trap.


Pooh said that Piglet would have to help him.
Pooh said that his idea was to dig a deep pit.
Piglet asked why the Heffalump would fall into the pit.
Piglet said that Poohs trap was really cunning.
Piglet told Pooh to dig the pit in front of the Heffalump.
Pooh asked Piglet what he would do to catch him.
Piglet said that he would put a pot of honey into the pit.
Pooh asked Piglet what Heffalumps liked best.
Piglet told Pooh to go and bring the honey.

Exercise 3. Put in the missing words. -


.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.

He ran .... knowing where he was running.


He ran jumping ... hedges, falling ... ditches.
He saw his house ... the distance from the top ... a hill.
He went ... the shop, but no one was ... yet.
He wheeled out his bicycle ... the shed.
He meant to come back later ... his wallet.
Mr Binks was peeping ... his bedroom window.
He shouted that Mr Bliss should be sent ... prison.
He was ... a hurry and ... a great rage.
The bear growled and he stepped ... and fell ... a ditch.
Mr Bliss looked ... the roof ... his house.
He saw his pets head sticking ... the chimney.
They were so astonished that they fell flat ... the spot.
Then they got ... and ran as quickly as they could.
And that is the end ... the story.

The Sentence

,
, (subject) (predicate).
(noun)
(pronoun).
(verb) .
Subject
We
Trees
The sun
1
They
The man
He
They
She

Predicate
know.
grow.
shines.
can wait.
are invited.
worked.
is working.
have returned.
will come.

Translation
.
.
.
.
.
.
() .
.
.



.
, Cold It is cold (
) I am cold ( ).
, Cold ,
, Is it cold? (?)
Are you cold? ( ?)
,
(affirmative), (negative),
statement ().

376

,
, :
, ,
.

do,
does,
did. not.
will not.
Subject

Predicate

Translation

You
You

know.
do not know.

.
.

The girl
She

cries.
does not cry.

.
.

The boy
He

phoned.
did not phone.

.
.

They
They

will stay.
will not stay.

.
.

,
, . :
. - does not know
anything about it. : He knows nothing about it.
. - never comes on
time.
(question)
, do, does
did, .
.
Do you know? - ?
Does he know? - ?
Did they know? - ?

377

be () .
Are you ready? - ?
Is she English? - ?
Was he invited? - ?
yes .
Are you coming with us? - ?
Yes, we are. - , ().
No, we are not. - , ( ).
Do you speak English? - -?
Yes, I do. - , ().
No, I do not. - , ( ).
Will they call for us? - ?
Yes, they will. - , ().
No, they will not. - , ( ).
Has he left? - ?
Yes, he has. - , ().
No, he has not. - , ( ).
Can she drive? - ()?
Yes, she can. - , .
No, she cannot. - , .
-
.
Arent you
Dont you
Hasnt he
Wont she

coming? - ?
like tea? - ?
left yet? - ?
come? - ?


. .
378

What did you do? - ?


Where did you go? - ?
When did you leave? - ?
Who did you visit? - ?
How did you get there? - ?
Why did you go there? - ?
What bus did you take? - ?
How long did it take to get there? -
, ?
(imperative)
, - you ().
Go! - !
Come on! - ! : !
Stop it! - !
Be careful. - .
Sit down, please. - , .
-
you.
Dont open the window! - He !
Dont stand up! - He !
Never tell lies. - .

, ,
,
it,
.
It
It
It
It
It
It
It

was hot in the room. - .


got dark. - .
often rains here. - .
is cold today. - .
has never rained here. - .
is going to rain. - () .
will stop raining soon. - .
379

you () they (),


.
You should not play with matches. - He
.
They say we are going to have a new English teacher. , .
There is , , ,
.
. There are,
There was There were.
There is a picture on the wall. - .
There are cups on the table. - () .
There was a dog in the park. - .
There were dogs there. - .
There will be no rain. - .
There has been no rain for a month. -
() .
There is
:
Is there a bakery near here? -
?
Are there roses in the garden? - ?
Were there many guests at the party? -
?
Has there been much rain this year? -
?

,
, and,
.
The bus stopped and we got off. - ,
.
380

We wanted to get off, but the


bus did not stop.
, .
The bus stopped,
we got off,
other people got
, , .


. ,
, that,
which, because, as.
I know that he is in his seventh year at school. - ,
.
We did not know which road we had to take. -
, .
We stayed at home because it was raining. -
, .
She could not go out as the door was locked. -
, .
if
.
If we go slow, we shall be late. -
, .
If you came in winter, we could go skiing. -
, .
Ill stay if you want. - , .

Parts of Speech


Nouns ()
,
, .
(plural)
(singular) -s ( -es).
381

-
on.-

The Singular
boy ()
girl ()
lake ()
watch ()

The Plural
boys ()
girls ()
lakes ()
watches ()

, boy (masculine),
girl (feminine), lake (neuter),
,

.
The boy is little. - .
The girl is little. - .
The lake is little. - .
.
(countable nouns)
, : , ,
, .

, .
A cat is an animal. - - .
Cats are animals. - - .

. ,
, , sand (), water (),
air ().
,
: history (), Russian ( ), safety
().
She drinks tea. - .
We learn history. - .
Knowledge is power. - - .
382


, ,
. , a brick, , -
; brick -
. :
We lit a fire. - .
Fire is hot. - .
We saw a light. - .
Light goes very fast. - .
(proper nouns)
. .
: Tim, Alice, Andrew Baker.
: Spot, Snowball, Mutsy.
: Great Britain, London, Oxford Street, Trafalgar
Square, Penny Lane, the (River) Thames.
, ,
(possessive case).
- , .
,
s.
s, .
The Possessive Case
Tims [timz] parents
Kates [keits] book
Thomass ['tomasiz] father
Bakers [beikaz] car
the Bakers ['beikaz] house
a girls [ga:lz] dress
a girls [gadz] school
a mans [maenz] suit
mens [menz] clothes
a childs [tjaildz] toy
childrens ['tjildranz] books
a cows [kauz] tail

Translation












383

,
,
: todays newspaper -
; yesterdays performance -
; peoples needs - ; the companys
office - .

.
The Singular
man [maen]
woman ['wumanj
foot [fut]
tooth [tu:0]
goose [gu:s]
mouse [maus]
child [tjaild]
ox [oks]

The Plural
men [men] ()
women ['wimin] ()
feet [fi:t] ()
teeth [ti:0] ()
geese [gi:s] ()
mice [mais] ()
children ['tjildran] ()
oxen [oksn] ()



a
a
a
a

deer ()
sheep ()
salmon ()
trout ()

deer ()
sheep ()
salmon ()
trout ()


(subject) (object).
The article ()

.
,
.
384

A dog is an animal. - - .
An apple grows on a tree. - .
the

, .
,
, .
:
, - () .
: ,
.
We came to a river. - .
The water in the river was brown. -
.
Verbs ()
,
. , must ()
, () could.
play ()
: play, plays, played, playing.
Play
, he, she it, plays.
The S im ple Present

The Singular
1 play. - .
You play. - .
plays. - .
She plays. - .
It plays. - .

The Plural
We play. - .
You play. - .
They play. - .

385

Play to .
Play
.
Show me how to play tennis. - ,
.
Did you play yesterday? - ?
They did not play. - .
Will they play tomorrow? - ?
They will not play. - .
said they would not play the following day. -
, .
Played - ,
.
, , , .
Played
(past participle),

.
: played -
, - .
They played chess. - .
Two games were played. - .
played
. invite
() ,
.
The Present Perfect -
I have invited you. - .
You have invited him. - .
has invited her. - .
She has invited us. - .
We have invited them. - .
They have invited me. - .
386

played
.
invite ().

The Passive Voice


The Simple Present -
I am invited. - .
You are invited. - .
is invited. - .
She is invited. - .
We are invited. - .
They are invited. - .
The Simple Past -
I was invited. - .
You were invited. - .
He was invited. - .
She was invited. - .
We were invited. - .
They were invited. - .
The Simple Future -
I will be invited. - .
You will be invited. - .
He will be invited. - .
She will be invited. - .
We will be invited. - .
They will be invited. - .
The Present Perfect -
I have been invited. - .
You have been invited. - .
He has been invited. - .
She has been invited. - .
We have been invited. - .
They have been invited. - .
387

Playing - (present
participle),
. - playing
.
We saw two men playing tennis. -
, ( ) .
came in playing his flute. - ,
.
playing
.
, ,
, ,
.
.

The Present C ontinuous


I am playing. - .
You are playing. - .
is playing. - .
She is playing. - .
We are playing. - .
They are playing. -
,
(simple).
(simple present)
, ,
, .
We go to school. - .
His dad teaches history. - .
They do not like cars. - .
The earth goes round the sun. -
.

388

(simple past) -
,
.
It happened a year ago. - .
She smiled when she saw him. - ,
.
(simple future)
will.
, I we, shall.
.
Tom will phone tomorrow. - .
We will ( shall) wait for his call. -
.
The Modal Verbs ( )
,
.
,
.
must [im st ] ()
, .
Must , .
, must not, .
I must be off. - .
We must pay him. - .
must remember it. - .
They must hurry up. - .
You must not forget it. - .
She must not see him. - .
Must ,
.

389

He must be cold. - , , .
She must have left. - , , .
,
, have to.
We had to wait. - .
He will have to wait. - .
has had to change the design a few times. -
.
have
,
.
You have to wait because she is out. -
, .
We ran out of petrol so we had to walk all the way home.
- ,
..
They will have to tell us the truth after all. -
.
should [Jud] ,
, must.
, . should ,
.
You should wait. - .
They should hurry up. - .
You should not quarrel. - He .
should
.
They should have waited. - .
should not have left so early. -
.

390

can [ ] : ,
, ( -).
could [k u d ].
, , ,
- .
Can you swim? - ?
The child cannot speak. - .
I can speak English. - -.
She can drive. - .
could not forgive her. - .
, , . Could
.
Can you help me? - , .
Could you wait? - ?
You can take my car. - .
You cannot stop here. - .

be able (to).
I will be able to stay. - .
He will be able to see her. - .
They have been able to see each other a few times. .
May () ,
. might [m ait].
May I see the principal? - ?
may stay. - .
All players except the goalkeeper may not handle the ball.
- , ,
.
said we might stay if we wanted. - ,
, .

391

may .
I may see her in the afternoon. - , ,
.
might like to meet you. - ,
.
be
,
.
is to speak on television tomorrow. -
. :
.
We are to meet them at six oclock. -
. :
.

Direct and Indirect Speech


,
, ,
. .
said, I know her. asked, Is she in? Phone me, she said. Dont forget! he said. -

: .
: ?
, - .
He ! - .


, ,
.
said that he knew her. - , .
asked if she was in. - , .
She told him to phone. - .
told her not to forget. - ,
.
392

C ontractions



.
, , be
have.
:
arent [cunt] = are not
cant [kcunt] = cannot
couldnt [kudnt] = could not
didnt [didnt] = did not
doesnt [dAznt] = does not
dont [dount] = do not
hasnt [haeznt] = has not
havent [haevnt] = have not
hed [hi:d] = he would he had
hell [hi:l] = he will
hes [hi;z] = he is he has
Id [aid] = I would I had
Ill [ail] = I shall I will
Im [a im ] = I am
isnt [iznt] = is not
itll [ it l] = it will
its [its] = it is it has
Ive [a iv] = I have
lets [lets] = let us
maynt [meint] = may not
mightnt [maitnt] = might not
mustnt [mAsnt] = must not
shant [Jcunt] = shall not
shed [Ji:d] = she would she had
shes [Ji:z] = she is she has
shouldnt [Judnt] = should not
thatll [6aetl] = that will
thats [6aets] = that is
theres [5eaz] = there is there has
theyd [6eid] = they would they had
393

theyll [6eil] = they will


theyre [] = they are
theyve [6 e iv ] = they have
wasnt ['woznt] = was not
wed [wi:d] = we would we had
well [wi:l] = we shall we will
were [wia] = we are
weve [wi:v] = we have
whats [wots] = what is
wholl [hu:l] = who will
whos [hu:z] = who is who has
wont [wount] = will not
youd [ju :d ] = you would you had
youll [ju:l] = you will
youre [jua] = you are
youve [ju:v] = you have

Irregular Verbs

be
beat
become
begin
bite
blow
break
bring
build
buy
catch
choose
come
cost
cut
dig
do
394

2-
was, were
beat
became
began
bit
blew
broke
brought
built
bought
caught
chose
came
cost
cut
dug
did

3-
been
beaten
become
begun
bitten
blown
broken
brought
built
bought
caught
chosen
come
cost
cut
dug
done

draw
dream
drink
eat
fall
feed
feel
fight
find
fly
forget
freeze
get
give
go
grow
have
hear
hide
hit
hold
keep
know
lay
lead
learn
leave
let
lie
light
lose
make
mean
meet
pay
put
read
ride
ring

drew
dreamt
drank
ate
fell
fed
felt
fought
found
flew
forgot
froze
got
gave
went
grew
had
heard
hid
hit
held
kept
knew
laid
led
learnt
left
let
lay
lit
lost
made
meant
met
paid
put
read
rode
rang

drawn
dreamt
drunk
eaten
fallen
fed
felt
fought
found
flown
forgotten
frozen
got
given
gone
grown
had
heard
hidden
hit
held
kept
known
laid
led
learnt
left
let
lain
lit
lost
made
meant
met
paid
put
read
ridden
rung

395

rise
run
say
see
sell
send
shoot
show
sing
sit
sleep
speak
spend
stand
steal
stick
strike
swim
take
teach
tell
think
throw
wake
wear
win
write

rose
ran
said
saw
sold
sent
shot
showed
sang
sat
slept
spoke
spent
stood
stole
stuck
struck
swam
took
taught
told
thought
threw
woke
wore
won
wrote

risen
run
said
seen
sold
sent
shot
shown
sung
sat
slept
spoken
spent
stood
stolen
stuck
struck
swum
taken
taught
told
thought
thrown
woken
worn
won
written

()

Prepositions

,
.
The sun is above the sea. - .
The bank is across the street. - .
You are at school. - .
I am at home. - .
He is at the station. - .
396

The dog is behind the fence. - .


The house is beside the river. - .
It is between two roads. - .
The field is beyond the hill. - .
The town is by the sea. - () .
The boy is in the flat. - .
His mum is in the kitchen. - .
It is warm inside the house. - .
We are in front of the house. - .
We are near the house. - .
The boat sank o ff the coast. - .
The cat is on the roof. - .
The shop is on that corner. - .
What is opposite the park? - ?
What is there round the town? - ?
The bakery is round the corner. - .
The wires are over the street. - .
The church is over the river. - .
The dog is under the tree. - .

.
We walk about the city. - .
Go across the square. - .
swam across the river. - .
Cars drive along the street. - .
They walk along the river. - .
We passed by a church. - .
Drive down the hill. - .
left fo r London. - .
She made for the door. - .
came from London. - .
We went into the house. - .
jumped into the river. - .
jumped off the roof. - .
fell on his back. - .
climbed onto the roof. - .
Go out of the house. - .
397

He jumps over the fence. - .


goes to school. - .
Come to the door. - .
I walk towards the sea. - .
We drive through the town. - .
We drive under a bridge. - .
They drive up the hill. - .

.
It is about 5 oclock. - 5 .
Come after 5 oclock. - 5 .
was tired after the trip. - .
She arrived at 5 oclock. - 9 .
appeared at midnight. - .
is free at the weekend. - .
It is dark at night. - .
Come before lunch. - .
He will be back by Friday. - .
It snowed during the night. - .
lived here fo r a week. - .
They left fo r a week. - .
They are open from 1 to 2. - 1 2.
phoned in the morning. - .
was born in 1952. - 1952 .
will be back in an hour. - .
She left on Monday. - .
She left on the 21st. - 21- ().
Stay over the weekend. - .
I have lived here since May. - .
They are leaving tili June. - .
,
,
.
,
.
398

English

the door of the house


by the house
from the house
out of the house
from behind the house
for the house
round the house



()

to go to the house
to go about the house

to
to
to
to
to

look at the house


put on the table
pay for the house
drop into the river
swim across the river

written by the teacher


written with a pen
written in ink
to talk to the teacher
to keep under the table
to put above the table
to put in front of the house
to stand behind the house
to live over the river

to spread on the table


to keep in the house
to talk about the teacher

Lesson 1
: London, York, Manchester.
Ex. 1. acorn, and, big, conversation, dad, dog, egg, girl,
go, he, little, make, question, sit, sorry, spell, take, tree, well,
what, wife, word.
Ex. 3. 2-letter words: is, it, on, of, to, in. 3-letter words: big,
old, the, has, lot, are.
capital ; n , date ; v
. name n ; v , park n ; v
() . Roman ; , sight
, () ; v , .
Lesson 2
Ex. 2. a. [ei ]: , , lady, cake, hate, later, same,
baker, pale, lame, gate, snake, fate, [ae]: black, hatter, sad,
mad, bank, ham, ladder, marry, carry, spanner, b. [ou]: rope,
hope, note, close, token, spoken, pole, zone, [o]: pot, nod,
hotter, lobby, pond, sorry.
Ex. 3. cup, port, dog, go, hello, see, little, it, run, help, take.
Ex. 4. , , , , , , ,
, , , , , .
Ex. 5. 1. Mum; she. 2. like; little. 3. Dog; Go. 4. London;
England. 5. big. 6. sees. 7. takes, home. 8. Good-bye; See
you tomorrow.
Lesson 3
Ex. 2. 1. is. 2. am. 3. is. 4. are. 5. are. 6. are. 7. is. 8. are,
am. 9. is, is. 10. is, is.
Ex. 3. 1. They are not Russian. 2. Ann is not big. 3. Tim
is not Russian. 4. I am not little. 5. One and one is not four.
6. London is not little. 7. We are not English. 8. A tree is not
red. 9. They are not young. 10. That is not all.
Ex. 4. 1. I am a boy. 2. I am big. 3. I am Russian. 4. I like
Mum and Dad. 5. I like to read. 6. I help Mum. 7. I eat bread
and butter. 8. I am all right ( fine).
400

Lesson 4
Ex. 2. 1. am. 2. are. 3. is. 4. are. 5. are. 6. are. 7. is. 8.
is. 9. are. 10. are.
Ex. 3. 1. Mr Baker is not Russian. 2. Mrs Green is not
strict. 3. We are not English. 4. Mr Brown is not young. 5. Mr
and Mrs Baker are not in Russia. 6. is not cat in
English. 7. Like is not in Russian. 8. They are not free
in the morning. 9. They are not busy in the afternoon. 10. We
are not in England.
Lesson 5
Ex. 1. 1. This is a door. 2. This is Mr Baker. 3. He is Tims
dad. 4. She is Tims mum. 5. They are Mr and Mrs Baker. 6.
She is my English friend. 7. This is a vegetable. 8. This is
bread and butter. 9. This is coal. 10. This is a fabulous
monster.
Ex. 2. 1. so clever. 2. so big. 3. so strict. 4. so kind. 5. so
strange. 6. so young. 7. so strong. 8. so little. 9. so nice.
10. so busy.
Ex. 3. 1. his mum cooks well. 2. Mrs Green is kind. 3. Tim
is English. 4. London is big. 5. Alice is a monster. 6. she grows
vegetables. 7. she is right. 8. he is very clever. 9. they are fine
( all right). 10. she likes to sing. 11. jam is nice. 12. two and
two is four. 13. they are wrong. 14. she likes apples.
Ex. 4. 1. him. 2. her. 3. them. 4. us. 5. me. 6. him. 7. you.
8. us.
Ex. 5. 1. right. 2. wrong. 3. right. 4. wrong. 5. wrong. 6.
right. 7. right. 8. wrong.
Lesson 6
Ex. 2. a. baker; blower; bone; bottle; carpenter; cup; farmer;
field; fish; goldsmith; horse; orange; piano; piece; ring; spoon;
sweater; tail; tiger; window, b. flour; grass; hatred; ink; love;
meat; paper; petrol; snow; soup; sugar; wood; wool.
Ex. 3. 1.
-. 2. a,
a. 3. a, a. 4. a,
-. 5. -. 6. a, -. 7.
a,
- . 8. a, -. 9.
- . 10. an, a. 11. a, -. 12. - , a,
13.
- , a. 14.- , a. 15. a, a. 16. a, a. 17. a, a. 18. - , a, -.
Ex. 4. 1. a, a, - , -. 2. a, a, -. 3. a, - , -. 4. a, a, - . 5. a,
- , - . 6. a, a,
401

Lesson 7
Ex. 2. 1. letters and words. 2. knives and spoons. 3. tables
and chairs. 4. doors and windows. 5. socks and shoes. 6.
rooms and walls. 7. cats and mice. 8. horses and sheep. 9.
boys and girls. 10. brothers and sisters. 11. sons and daughters.
12. teachers and children.
Ex. 3. 1. Kings are rulers. 2. Women have sons and
daughters. 3. Girls like dresses. 4. Boys drive cars. 5. Cows
are animals. 6. Dogs eat bones. 7. Flies are insects. 8. Birds
live in trees. 9. Novels are books. 10. Watches are small
clocks. 11. Rooms have windows. 12. Dolls are toys. 13.
Coats have collars. 14. Roses are nice flowers. 15. Stockings
are long socks.
Ex. 4. 1. These bottles are green. 2. These knives are
sharp. 3. These policemen are strict. 4. These women are
queens. 5. These things are instruments. 6. Those apples are
on trees. 7. Those horses are in fields. 8. Those vegetables
are cabbages. 9. Look at those men. 10. Those men are
teachers.
Lesson 8
Ex. 1. 1. I have a friend in England. 2. You have a father
and a mother. 3. He has a house in the country. 4. She has
a red dress. 5. We have a flat in this city. 6. You have horses
and sheep. 7. They have a garden with appletrees. 8. This
farmer has a talking dog.
Ex. 2. 1. He is a city boy. 2. His father is a school teacher.
3. A London bus is red. 4. They like country life. 5. He gives
his wife a gold ring. 6. The boy sees a milk bottle. 7. It is a
glass bottle. 8. We eat an apple-pie.
Ex. 3. 1. Dogs are domestic animals. 2. Potatoes are
vegetables. 3. Wives are women. 4. Wolves are wild animals.
5. Rooms are bedrooms, sittingrooms or diningrooms. 6. Apples
grow on trees. 7. Farmers are men who live on farms. 8.
Teachers are men or women. 9. Flies are insects. 10. Dogs
hate cats. 11. Cats have long tails. 12. Cowherds take care of
cows. 13. They sell apples. 14. Riders ride horses. 15. Farmers
grow cabbages.
402

Ex. 4. 1. My uncle. 2. His wife. 3. Her cat. 4. Their sons.


5. Their farm. 6. my dad and mum. 7. My sister. 8. Her
friends. 9. Our cousins. 10. your father.
Lesson 9
Ex. 1. 1. The farmer is old. 2. The dog is black. 3. The
house is white. 4. The roof is red. 5. The animal is blind. 6.
The hole is very deep. 7. The hat is high. 8. The room is low.
9. The box is small. 10. The balloon is blue. 11. He is the
captain of a ship. 12. The bridge is broad.
Ex. 2. 1. front. 2. window. 3. morning. 4. fine. 5. garden. 6.
hole. 7. sun. 8. little. 9. breakfast. 10. supper.
Ex. 3. 1. a. 2. a. 3. The, a. 4. a, the. 5. The, the. 6. The.
7. The,
the. 8. a. 9. a, the. 10. the. 11. the.12. The, the. 13.
the. 14. the. 15. the, the. 16. the. 17. the. 18. the, the. 19.
the. 20. the.
Lesson 10
Ex. 1. 1. are. 2. is. 3. are. 4. is. 5. is. 6. are. 7. are. 8. are.
9. are. 10. are.
Ex. 2. 1. are. 2. is. 3. are. 4. is. 5. Is. 6. are. 7. are. 8. is.
9. are.10. are. 11. is. 12. is. 13. Are. 14. are. 15. is.
Ex. 3. 1. Is there a gym in the school? 2. Is there a
playground? 3. Are there grounds for sports? 4. Is there a
back door? 5. Is there a diningroom? 6. Is there a swimmingpool in the school? 7. Are there flowers in every room? 8. Is
there a board in every room? 9. Are there pictures in the
rooms? 10. Are there computers in the laboratories?
Lesson 11
Ex. 2. 1. goes. 2. has. 3. go. 4. visits. 5. comes. 6. sees.
7. write. 8. brings. 9. take, give. 10. give.
Ex. 3. 1. puts. 2. helps. 3. gets up, takes. 4. takes. 5.
switch on, have. 6. wash. 7. laughs, switches off. 8. drinks. 9.
put. 10. plants.
Lesson 12
Ex. 1. 1. It is green. 2. It is blue. 3. It is yellow. 4. It is
green, red or yellow. 5. It is white. 6. They are black. 7. They
are bright red, yellow or white. 8. It is yellow. 9. They are red.
10. It is white, blue and red.
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Ex. 2. 1. does. 2. does. 3. does. 4. does. 5. do. 6. do. 7.


does. 8. does.
Ex. 3. 1. Does the Mouse swim in the pool? 2. Do dogs
catch mice? 3. Does her sister go into the low hall? 4. Does
a fish like to swim? 5. Do you wash your hands before lunch?
6. Do animals visit their friends? 7. Do cows eat meat? 8.
Does a car have two wheels? 9. Does Ann play football and
tennis? 10. Does his son take a shower in the morning?
Lesson 13
Ex. 2. 1. He can run one mile but he cannot run five miles.
2. Tims father can drive a car but he cannot drive a bus. 3.
His mother can cook meat but she cannot cook fish. 4. Pooh
can climb an appletree but he cannot climb a pinetree. 5. Old
people can walk but they cannot run and jump. 6. The girl can
dance but she cannot play the guitar. 7. Ann can ride a pony
but she cannot ride a horse. 8. They can speak English but
they cannot speak Spanish. 9. We can go there by train but
we cannot go there by plane. 10. The teacher can come at
four but he cannot come at five. 11. Mr Bliss can ride downhill
but he cannot ride uphill. 12. I can ask questions but I cannot
answer them.
Ex. 3. 1. It is too cold to go out. 2. This goose is too
heavy to fly. 3. The river is too deep to cross. 4. The squirrel
is too quick to catch. 5. The bag is too heavy to lift. 6. The
tea is too sweet to drink. 7. The tree is too high to climb. 8.
He is too old to do this job.
Lesson 14
Ex. 1. 1. Tim gets to school by bus or on foot. 2. Sometimes
his dad gives him a lift. 3. He takes Tim to school on his way
to his work. 4. It takes only three minutes to get there by car.
5. Tim says, How are things? 6. Tim likes to look at shop
windows. 7. TVs and tape-recorders are electrical goods. 8.
His cassette player runs on batteries. 9. He has tea to the
sound of music. 10. People watch television every day. 11.
Tims grandmother is retired. 12. The Hatter takes his watch

404

out of his pocket. 13. He shakes it and then puts it to his ear.
14. His watch is two days slow. 15. The Hare dips the watch
into his cup of tea. 16. Thats the reason why they have tea
all the time.
Lesson 15
Ex. 1. 1. He is riding to the village now. 2. They are
visiting their friends now. 3. He is listening to music now. 4.
He is doing his homework now. 5. It is hunting for mice now.
6 . He is driving to work now. 7. He is eating honey now. 8. It
is rising now. 9. They are watching it now. 10. He is shaving
now.
Ex. 2. 1. I am writing a book. 2. You are listening to the
teacher. 3. He is watching TV. 4. She is cooking lunch. 5. We
are helping her. 6. You are dancing and singing. 7. They are
smiling and laughing. 8. People are walking along the street.
9. A man is driving (in) a new car. 10. We are watching him.
Lesson 16
Ex. 1. 1. They always come with us. 2. She takes it for a
walk every morning. 3. She goes to France every year. 4.
They hunt now and again. 5. They often help her. 6. He
usually rides on horseback. 7. They play football on weekends.
8. He writes a letter to her sometimes. 9. They watch TV
every evening. 10. He never washes them.
Ex. 2. the fifth of January; the tenth of March; the seventh
of October; the tenth of August; the second of February; the
ninth of July; the first of May; the third of September; the
eleventh of April; the fourth of June; the sixth of December;
the twelfth of November.
Ex. 3. 1. She is leaving for Moscow on Monday. 2. She is
coming on Tuesday. 3. He is having his birthday party on
Wednesday. 4. They are moving on Thursday. 5. He is going
to France on Friday. 6. They are playing tennis on Saturday.
7. He is going to the theatre on Sunday. 8. They go to work
on weekdays.
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Ex. 4. 1. He must come back tomorrow. 2. She must do it


by 3 oclock. 3. You must take a taxi. 4. Tim must go there on
the 12th of March. 5. They must wait. 6. We must find the
puppy. 7. She must study for the exam. 8. You must write to
him. 9. They must not take my things. 10. You must not laugh
at him.
Lesson 17
Ex. 1. 1. paint. 2. fault. 3. elbow. 4. blame. 5. keep. 6. cut
off. 7. reason. 8. instead. 9. mistake. 10. best. 11. nowhere.
12. except. 13. great. 14. side. 15. mine. 16. because.
Lesson 18
Ex. 1. 1. Does the clock begin to hurry up? 2. Are the
clocks ticking as quickly as they can? 3. Do the trains have
to go faster? 4. Do the trains have time to set down the
passengers? 5. Is it evening again? 6. Is the sun very surprised?
7. Does the Queen give a medal to a London station? 8. Do
the stations stop quarrelling? 9. Do they become friends? 10.
Is everyone pleased? 11. Does the boy do everything quickly?
12. Is the girl quick to learn?
Ex. 2. 1. The trains have to go faster. 2. We have to hurry
up. 3. You have to take a taxi so as not to be late. 4. He has
to do something. 5. We have to get there on foot. 6. He has
to wait. 7. We have to take an umbrella. 8. They have to plant
new roses. 9. He has a dog, he has to feed it. 10. Do you
have to go?
Lesson 19
Ex. 1. 1. at. 2. to. 3. by. 4. by. 5. for. 6. to, on. 7. for, in.
8. on. 9. to, into. 10. in, of. 11. with. 12. into. 13. through, of.
Ex. 2. 1. Mr Day tells Mr Bliss to help him to get up. 2. He
says that now he cannot walk. 3. Mr Bliss tells him to put his
cabbages in the car. 4. Mrs Knight says that her cart is
smashed. 5. Mr Bliss says that they can tie the donkey to the
car. 6. Mr Day asks if they can go faster. 7. Mr Bliss says that
the car is very full now. 8. He says that he cannot make it go
faster. 9. The bears cry to Mr Bliss to stop. 10. Mr Bliss says

406

that he has to stop. 11. He says that if he does not stop he


will run over them. 12. Teddy says that he likes bananas. 13.
Archie says that he likes cabbages. 14. Bruno says that he
wants a donkey. 15. They all say that they want a car. 16. Mr
Bliss says that they cannot have his car. 17. The bears say
that they will eat them all up.
Ex. 3. 1. Mr Bliss has to pick up Mr Day because he
cannot walk. 2. He puts him and his cabbages in the back of
his car. 3. At the next turning Mr Bliss runs into Mrs Knight.
4. There are bananas in Mrs Knights cart. 5. They drive into
the wood because the road runs through the middle of it. 6.
The bears come out. 7. The bears wave their arms and tell
Mr Bliss to stop. 8. If he does not stop, he will run over them.
Lesson 20
Ex. 1. 1. the capital. 2. address. 3. favourite. 4. knows. 5.
classes. 6. plays, a forward. 7. gives him a lift. 8. fish. 9.
learner. 10. for short. 11. population, about. 12. woods. 13.
physics. 14. a suburb. 15. block of flats. 16. at school, at
home. 17. to guess. 18. leap. 19. digs, the ground. 20. plants,
oaktree.
Ex. 2. 1. We would like to visit England. 2. They would like
to buy a new car. 3. He would like to play football. 4. She
would like to have a penfriend. 5. My mum would like to go
for a walk in the park. 6. The girl would like to have a
beautiful dress. 7. The boys would like to catch a dragon. 8.
Their grandmother would like to live inthe country.
9. She
would like to growroses. 10. People would like to live in
peace.
Ex. 3. 1. It is winter. It is the 21st of February. 2. It is
Monday today. 3. It is eight oclock in the evening. 4. It is
dark. We must turn on the light. 5. It is good (that) we are at
home. 6. It is light in the flat. 7. I think (that) it is time to go
to bed. 8. It is morning. It is time to get up. 9. It is cold in the
street ( outside). 10. We have to put on a coat.
Ex. 4. 1. who, what. 2. what, where. 3. how. 4. what. 5.
where. 6. when. 7. where. 8. who. 9. how. 10. when. 11.
when. 12. how. 13.where. 14. how.

407

Ex. 5. 1. It is usually cold in winter in Russia. 2. They are


going to Moscow in June. 3. Mr Bliss has a house with a red
roof. 4. The Hatter has a cup of tea. 5. They drop their sticks
from the bridge. 6. Mr Day tells Mr Bliss to go faster. 7. They
ask Tigger if he likes honey. 8. We give Dick presents on his
birthday.
Ex. 6. The Dorkinses are fat people. One of them is
especially fat and they call him the Fat Dorkins or just Fattie.
He has curly black hair. He wears no coats because he
splits them when he tries to put them on. He goes about in
a white shirt. It has yellow spots and no sleeves. The
second fattest of them is Albert. His legs are very short. The
name of the third Dorkins is Herbert. The fourth is Egbert.
He wears a green jacket. When Mr Bliss comes they are
having a picnic on the lawn in front of their house. They are
sitting on little stools. Their lawn is very nice and they have
a nice carpet on the grass. There is a soup-tureen in the
middle of the carpet. Herbert discovers a beetle in his soup.
Egbert sees another beetle on their lovely carpet. He wants
to squash it with his spoon. At this moment Mr Bliss and his
party fall from the sky onto the Dorkinses, the soup, the
beetle and the lovely carpet.

Lesson 21
Ex. 1. 1. on. 2. because. 3. back. 4. home, on. 5. for. 6.
before. 7. behind. 8. from. 9. happy. 10. away. 11. to. 12.
under.
Ex. 2. a. teacher, producer, singer, manager, shopkeeper,
driver, gardener, worker, turner, baker, builder, customer; b.
doctor, sailor, conductor, juror, director; c. milkman, policeman,
boatman, postman, ferryman, salesman; d. nurse, housewife,
pilot, physician, artist, musician, admiral, physicist.
Ex. 3. 1. She is a good dancer. 2. He is a good footballer
( football player). 3. She is a good teacher. 4. She is a
poor runner. 5. He is a good shopkeeper. 6. He is a good
writer. 7. She is a good singer. 8. He is a good commander.
9. He is a good speaker. 10. I am a poor driver.

408

Ex. 4. 1. You should help them. 2. We should go back. 3.


They should not interfere. 4. She should wait. 5. He should
write a letter to his father. 7. You should not be late. 8. I
should tell him about it.
Lesson 22
Ex. 1. 1. They will dig a deep pit in the ground. 2. When
the Heffalump comes he will not notice Piglet. 3. He will notice
Pooh and he will try to frighten him. 4. What will Pooh do?
5. He will hum to himself. 6. The Heffalump will find that Pooh
is not afraid. 7. The Heffalump will fall into the pit. 8. Piglet will
get up very early. 9. He will leave his house and go to the pit.
10. What will he see? 11. Where will Piglet run? 12. When will
he stop crying? 13. Piglet will go to bed with a headache. 14.
The boy and Pooh will have breakfast together.
Lesson 23
Ex. 1. 1. A bear is stronger than a fox. 2. A lake is smaller
than a sea. 3. Which is bigger, Moscow or London? 4.
Everest is the highest mountain in the world. 5. It was the
happiest day in his life. 6. Who isyounger, Tim or his sister?
7. Who is the oldest in your family? 8. A Jaguar is more
expensive than a Ford. 9. Tim says that books are more
boring than TV. 10. Russia is much larger than Britain.
Lesson 24
Ex. 1. 1. opened, looked out. 2. walked, asked. 3. started
off, turned. 4. asked, was going. 5. decided. 6. knocked down,
smashed. 7. happened. 8. smashed, rolled. 9. piled. 10. waved,
stopped. 11. liked, liked. 12. rolled, growled. 13. looked,
frightened. 14. watched.
Ex. 2. 1. wore; had. 2. kept. 3. made. 4. went. 5. knew. 6.
put, went. 7. left, rode. 8. told. 9. gave. 10. ran.
Lesson 25
Ex. 1. 1. worked. 2. ran. 3. heard, turned on.
wanted. 6. did not kill. 7. had. 8. took, ran away. 9.
10. tried, could. 11. let. 12. heard. 13. sent. 14.
did. 16. remembered, had. 17. told, had. 18. were
19. were sure. 20. told.

4. shot. 5.
did not try.
asked. 15.
registered.

409

Ex. 2. 1. He did not keep his money in a bank. 2. We did


not read the story to the end. 3. They did not drop stones into
the river. 4. He did not jump into the stream. 5. He did not run
over a passer-by. 6. The police did not find the money. 7. She
did not wear a mask at the party. 8. Tim did not give Dick a
bicycle. 9. Tigger did not come down the tree. 10. You did not
eat up all the bananas. 11. The bears did not wave their
arms. 12. The police did not question the clients. 13. They did
not pile the fruit on the donkey. 14. I did not leave my books
at home. 15. The car did not go fast.
Ex. 3. 1. They stopped Mr Bliss in the wood. 2. No, they
did not. 3. They took the bananas and cabbages. 4. He saw
a beetle on the carpet. 5. No, he did not. 6. They were eating
soup. 7. They were sitting on little stools. 8. They put a nice
carpet on the grass. 9. He fell from the sky. 10. Yes, he did.
11. He had a gun in his hand. 12. He turned on the alarm. 13.
He shot into the air. 14. He wanted to frighten the clerks and
clients. 15. No, he did not. 16. He had a mask on his face.
17. He took some money. 18. No, they did not. 19. He could
kill someone if they tried to stop him.
Ex. 4. 1. let. 2. heard. 3. sent. 4. asked. 5. tried. 6.
remembered. 7. said. 8. caught. 9. told. 10. did not believe.
Lesson 26
Ex. 2. a. 1. Lions are as strong as tigers. 2. A donkey is
as stupid as a mule. 3. London is as large as Paris. 4. The
son is as tall as his father. 5. Cars are as fast as trains. 6.
Mice are as small as nuts. 7. She is as nice as her mother.
8. An apple is as big as an orange. 9. The Volga is as deep
as the Neva. b. 1. stronger. 2. more stupid. 3. larger. 4. taller.
5. faster. 6. smaller. 7. nicer. 8. bigger. 9. deeper.
Ex. 3. 1. the planet. 2. satellite. 3. average. 4. complete. 5.
the origin. 6. condensed. 7. age. 8. everywhere. 9. food. 10.
plants. 11. huge. 12. elephants. 13. brain. 14. disappeared.
Lesson 27
Ex. 1. 1. Pooh said that he would dig a pit. 2. He said that
it would be a cunning trap. 3. Piglet said that they would put

410

a pot of honey into it. 4. He thought that the Heffalump would


smell the honey. 5. Pooh said that they would see a lot of
Heffalumps in their trap. 6. Piglet said that he would bring
some string. 7. He said that they would lead them home with
the string. 8. Pooh said that he would just whistle and they
would follow him.
Ex. 2. , , , , ,
, , , , , , , ,
, , , , .
Ex. 3. 1. William bought a camera and a tape-recorder. 2. He
leamt shorthand to take quick notes. 3. We take pictures with a
camera. 4. We can record music, someones voice and other
sounds with a tape-recorder. 5. I record music and English lessons
with my tape-recorder. 6. They made coffee and had some brandy
to Williams health. 7. William travelled just a second in the future.
8. He did not look a day older when he got back. 9. His first
words when he got back were about having some coffee. 10.
He could not say anything about the future. 11. There were no
notes in his notebook. 12. The people of the future showed
him everything and gave him the choice whether to remember
it or forget. 13. Yes, I do. : No, I do not. Yes, I can take
pictures. : No, I cannot. 14. Yes, I can load a new film into
my camera myself. : No, I cannot. 15. We load a cassette
into a cassette recorder.
Ex. 4. 1. He said it would be a nice day. 2. He said he
would ride to the village. 3. He thought he would buy a car.
4. Mr Binks said it would be 5 shillings. 5. The red wheels
would be 6 pence more. 6. He said Mr Bliss would have to
leave his bicycle. 7. Mr Bliss said he would visit the Dorkinses.
8. The bears said they would eat them up. 9. He saw that he
would have to give them his car. 10. He was sure that Boffin
would punish the bears.
Lesson 28
Ex. 1. 1. ,
. 2. , . 3.
, . 4.
, .

411

5. , 1950 . 6.
, . 7.
, , . 8.
, ? 9. ,
? 10.
, . 11.
, . 12.
, . 13. () ,
. 14. , ,
. 15. ,
, .
Lesson 29
Ex. 1. 1. Jesus was taken to the place called Golgotha. 2.
He was given some wine to drink. 3. The wine was mixed
with gall. 4. Jesus was crucified at Golgotha. 5. Lots were
thrown to decide who would take his clothes. 6. A sign was
put above his head. 7. The charge was written on the sign. 8.
Two robbers were nailed beside Jesus. 9. He was insulted.
10. Could the temple be rebuilt in three days?
Ex. 2. 1. was taken. 2. was freed, was sentenced. 3. was
made. 4. was put. 5. was not known. 6. was decided. 7. was
betrayed. 8. were given. 9. were used. 10. were buried. 11.
was called. 12. was taken. 13. was put. 14. was raised.
Ex. 3. 1. London was founded by the Romans. 2. A lot of
fortifications were built. 3. Some big roads were built. 4. The
rebellion was headed by Queen Boudicca. 5. Some cities
were razed to the ground. 6. The rebels were defeated. 7.
Boudicca was not captured, she poisoned herself. 8. London
was rebuilt. 9. A wall was erected round the city. 10. London
was made the capital.
Ex. 4. 1. Football is played with a round leather ball. 2. There
are eleven players in a football team. 3. A goalkeeper defends
the goal of his team. 4. Their object is to put the ball into the
goal of the rival team. 5. Their object is to defend their goal
from the attacks of their rivals. 6. The backs help their goalkeeper.
7. The ball is advanced by kicking or heading. 8. Only the
goalkeeper may handle the ball. 9. A game lasts 90 minutes. 10.
After each goal the game is restarted from the centre.
412

Lesson 30
Ex. 1. 1. Pooh has gone to the forest. 2. They have dug
a deep pit. 3. He has put a pot of honey into the pit. 4, She
has helped her mum to cook lunch. 5. The driver has turned
to the right. 6. The car has smashed a cart. 7. The secretary
has written a few letters. 8. The man has finished his breakfast.
9. Tims mum has made a pot of tea. 10. The gardeners have
painted the roses red.
Ex. 2. 1. Have you done your homework? 2. He has lived
in London all his life. 3. He has never been to Russia. 4.
They have not caught the dragon yet. 5. Have you taken
Ann to school? 6. They have just come back ( returned)
from France. 7. Have you got ( received) my letter? 8.
We have done all the exercises. 9. Have you ever seen a
crocodile? 10. She has not left yet. 11. We have not had
English since last week. 12. We have not seen our teacher
for two weeks.
Ex. 3. 1. since. 2. for. 3. for. 4. since. 5. for. 6. for. 7. for.
8. for. 9. since. 10. since.
Lesson 31
Ex. 1. 1. She has worked at Tims school since January. 2.
I have known the Bakers for a month. 3. Tim has been away
since Saturday. 4. They have looked for it for three hours. 5.
I have had this toy since last birthday. 6. They have kept
cows for four years. 7. She has lived in the village for a few
months. 8. He has worked here for two and a half years. 9.
The trial has lasted for a few hours. 10. He has used this
bicycle since 1998.
Ex. 2. 1. I have never been to Australia. 2. Have you ever
seen a dragon? 3. Have they come back from Canada? 4. He
has painted the fence white. 5. We have read this book a few
times. 6. They have had tea ten times today. 7. We have had
five sunny days this year. 8. We have had no rain this year.
9. I have never driven a car. 10. He has taken my bicycle. 11.
Have you ever played cards? 12. Have you ever given evidence
in a court?

413

Lesson 32
Ex. 1. 1. caught. 2. ran. 3. planted. 4. has planted. 5. went.
6. have not seen. 7. came. 8. has lived. 9. has lived. 10.
sentenced.
Ex. 2. 1. The King came five minutes ago. 2. Mr Baker has
worked in this bank for five years. 3. Tim has not played
tennis since last Sunday. 4. Dinosaurs vanished 60 million
years ago. 5. Tim has not seen Dick for a long time. 6. Bliss
has not used his bicycle since he left it at Binkss shop. 7.
They moved to London two months ago. 8. They have lived in
London since 1990. 9. The Knave wrote his letter a day ago.
10. He has not spoken English since he moved to France. 11.
He has not eaten anything for a few days. 12. She has not
written to me since May.
Ex. 3. 1. He must have stolen the tarts. 2. They must have
eaten them all. 3. He must have imitated someones handwriting.
4. He must have directed the letter to the Queen. 5. The
Knave must have meant some mischief. 6. She must have
moved her sons cassettes. 7. Tim must have taken the
cassette to a school party. 8. He must have left the cassette
in the recorder. 9. Mr Bliss must have lost his wallet. 10. He
must have gone mad.
Lesson 33
Ex. 1. 1. I will show him my computer. 2. he will put on
a cap and a coat. 3. he will buy a palace. 4. mum will be
angry. 5. he will sell his bicycle. 6. you will get to the park. 7.
close the windows and lock the door. 8. he will not be able to
open the door. 9. he will catch them. 10. you will be able to
see her.
Ex. 2. 1. 1 wish it were summer. 2. Alice wishes she could
get out of the dark hall. 3. Tim wishes he had a lot of coins.
4. The boy wishes he were a king. 5. She wishes she could
speak French. 6. We wish it would snow. 7. I wish I could fly
to the Moon. 8. He wishes he could drive. 9. Piglet wishes he
were stronger and braver. 10. I wish he would turn off his
radio!

414

Lesson 34
Ex. 1. 1. They should dig a deeper pit. 2. Tim should not
eat many sweets. 3. Alice should grow taller. 4. We should get
up earlier. 5. You should turn (to the) right. 6.
Youshouldnot
drive so fast. 7. They should listen to the teacher. 8. He
should feed his pet every day. 9. You should not take off your
cap when it snows. 10. You should do the following exercise.
Ex. 2. 1. Pooh said, I will catch a Heffalump in a trap. 2.
Pooh said, Piglet, you will have to help me. 3. Pooh said,
My idea is to dig a deep pit. 4. Piglet asked, Why will the
Heffalump fall into the pit? 5. Piglet said, Your trap is really
cunning. 6. Piglet said, Pooh, dig the pit in front of the
Heffalump. 7. Pooh asked, Piglet, what would you do to
catch me? 8. Piglet said, I would put a pot of honey into the
pit. 9. Pooh asked, What do Heffalumps like best? 10.
Piglet said, Pooh, go and bring the honey.
Ex. 3. 1. without. 2. over, into. 3. in, of. 4. to, up. 5. from.
6. with. 7. through. 8. to. 9. in, in. 10. back, into. 11. (up) at,
of. 12. out of. 13. on. 14. up. 15. of.


Easy English


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