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Advance Placement World History Chapter 29 The Collapse of the Old Order

1. Stalin's First Five-Year Plan stressed a. increases in electricity and heavy industries. b. production of consumer goods for export. c. acquiring colonies to protect the Soviet economy. d. decentralized control and economic incentives. e. participation in the European Union. 2. The Soviet Union paid for the First Five-Year Plan by a. using revenue from the colonies. b. borrowing heavily from Western nations. c. creating a new middle class. d. seizing neighboring territories. e. squeezing the peasants. 3. The better-off peasants, or kulaks, reacted to collectivization by a. refusing to recognize the collectives. b. burning their crops and killing their livestock. c. attacking the poorest peasants. d. acquiring more land and becoming more prosperous. e. acquiring visas to the United States and Israel. 4. Stalin's main tool for implementing terror was the a. KGB. b. NVKD. c. People's Commissar. d. SovNarKom. e. NEP. 5. How did the Nazi takeover of Germany affect Stalin's second Five-Year Plan? a. It did not change his plan. b. Stalin intended to produce arms but decided to produce consumer goods instead. c. It provided Stalin with a new trading partner who also was a militarist. d. The Nazis demanded that Stalin cancel his second FiveYear Plan. e. Stalin intended to produce consumer goods but decided to produce arms instead. .6. At the height of the Stalinist terror of the 1930s a. millions of Jews were slaughtered in gas chambers. b. Moscow was burnt to the ground as part of Stalin's "scorched earth" policy. c. the USSR joined forces with Germany to invade Poland. d. Stalin was killed in a Kremlin coup. e. millions of ordinary Soviet citizens were sent to gulags, often for no reason. 7. The purges were initiated after which of the following? a. the collapse of the trans-Siberian railway. b. the murder of Sergei Kirov c. the Cheka head was replaced by Lavrenty Beria d. the politburo discovered a plot by the Mensheviks to assassinate Stalin. e. None of these 8. The Purges were a series of trials based on the opportunity to do all of the following except: a. Stalin's desire to remove old supporters of Lenin from the Party. b. the plan to remove Red Army officers suspected of treason. c. extend industrialization's pace into a third 5 year plan. d. prepare the population for a dictatorship of the proletariat e. spread the terror to the lower levels of the population. 9. Despite the Stalinist terror, Soviet women a. found themselves in more repressed roles. b. were expected to work only in farm collectives. c. entered jobs and careers previously closed to them. d. found their roles in society unchanged. e. gained equality with men. 10. One of the most outspoken feminists of the Bolshevik Party was a. Irina Krupskaia b. Anna Akhmatova c. Alexandra Kollontai d. Rosa Luxemburg e. Tatiana Romanova 11. The stock market crash of 1929 turned into a. the deepest, most widespread depression in history. b. an economic boon to the "common man," as he was now able to afford stock. c. a minor depression followed by an economic recovery. d. a "limited" depression in some countries, but not most Western countries. e. a depression for the United States only. 12. The Smoot-Hawley tariff was a. a tax on raw materials for industrialization. b. a means to supply the USSR with machines for the Lend-Lease program. c. an economic embargo imposed by the European Allies against German imports in retaliation for suspension of reparations payments.

Advance Placement World History Chapter 29 The Collapse of the Old Order
d. a protective tariff on imported goods applied by the United States to stimulate the domestic economy. e. a plan to tax participants in the League of Nations to pay for rebuilding the European economy. 13. Which two countries were hard hit by the Depression? a. England and Japan b. Japan and Germany c. France and Germany d. England and France e. Canada and Venezuela 14. Franklin D. Roosevelt's economic recovery plan was: a. New Deal b. Square Deal c. New Frontier d. Fair Deal e. Trickle Down Economics 15. While the Depression's effects on non-industrialized countries were uneven, those hardest hit were a. those that had lately undergone independence movements. b. those under colonial mandate. c. those that depended on the export of raw goods. d. those, like India, with "infant" industrialization. e. those that did not have many railroads. 16. China's response to the Depression was a. one of the worst in the non-industrialized world b. very little, as their problems were more political. c. to start a revolution for modernization. d. to make an alliance with Japan for raw materials in exchange for imported finished goods. e. negligible, as their economy was growing under the auspices of Communism. 17. The South African economy boomed during the Depression because a. it was based on agriculture, not industry. b. it was not part of the world economy. c. the Depression made gold more valuable. d. it was exploited as a colony. e. of the abundant supply of slave labor. 18. Italy's fasci di combattimento initially comprised mainly a. radical politicians and hired thugs. b. conservative politicians and the military. c. disgruntled workers and socialists. d. unemployed veterans and violent youths. e. pardoned prisoners. 19. Which of the following was not one of the actions taken by Benito Mussolini? a. He put Fascists in government jobs. b. He liberalized education. c. He gave employers control over employees. d. He crushed all other political parties. e. He allowed freedom of the press. 20. The slogan repeated in fascist Italy was a. "Il Duce (the leader) is always right." b. "One Italy, one God, one leader." c. "Italy for the Italians." d. "In your heart, you know he's right." e. "A Commitment to Excellence." 21. What did Adolf Hitler write while in jail in the 1920s? a. The Protocols of the Elders of Zion b. All Quiet on the Western Front c. Mein Kampf d. The Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man e. Das Boot 22. Hitler's "master race" reserved intense hatred for a. Italians. b. Russians. c. French. d. Scandinavians. e. Jews. 23. Hitler's goal included all of the following except a. the repeal of the Treaty of Versailles. b. to take over all German-speaking territory. c. to expand into Poland. d. to eliminate the Jews from Europe. e. to divide the Western world from the Eastern by a tripartite pact with Japan. 24. Hitler's popularity came in large part from the German people's belief that a. he was a religious, as well as a political, leader. b. the German Communist Party should rule Europe. c. economic well-being outweighed a loss of liberty. d. he was literally the second coming of Jesus Christ. e. All of these

Advance Placement World History Chapter 29 The Collapse of the Old Order
25. What were the reasons for the politics of "appeasement"? a. Fear of war b. Fear of communism c. Lack of familiarity with fascist tactics d. Belief that one's word was as good as a contract, according to Neville Chamberlain e. All of these 26. In 1935, Mussolini took advantage of the weakness of the Western democracies and a. invaded Ethiopia. b. launched a bombing campaign against France. c. ended diplomatic relations with Britain. d. sent military aid to Germany. e. annexed Sicily. 27. Hitler's first invasion with newly rearmed Germany was a. Czechoslovakia b. Poland c. Austria. d. Belgium. e. Finland. 28. Hitler signed a "secret pact" with which world leader in 1939? a. Japan b. Italy. c. USSR d. Spain e. Yugoslavia 29. Many Japanese nationalists thought that the answer to the Depression was to a. once again close Japan to Western influence. b. have Japanese colonies. c. better support Japanese agriculture. d. make prayers and sacrifices to their ancestors. e. All of these 30. The excuse used by Japan to provoke the Manchurian Incident in 1931 was a. a riot by the Chinese against Japanese presence. b. a war on drugs against China's opium trade. c. an explosion on a railway track. d. that the Chinese were allying with Russia, and Japan wanted to prevent a recurrence of the Russo-Japanese War in 1905. e. that China threatened Japanese imperial holdings in Korea. 31. Mao Zedong's variety of communism was a radical departure from the traditional ideology because it a. emphasized the urban proletariat. b. involved no land distribution. c. relied on the peasantry. d. was the same as Stalin's brand of communism. e. only accepted individuals under twelve years old so they could be properly indoctrinated. 32. The purge of the Chinese Communist Party began in 1927 by a. Sun Yat-sen b. Chairman Mao c. Chiang-kai Shek d. Emperor Hirohito e. Josef Stalin 33. Which of the following was not among Mao Zedong's policies toward women? a. He encouraged women to organize. b. He put women in leadership positions. c. He banned arranged marriage. d. He banned footbinding. e. He allowed divorce. 34. Mao Zedong's 1934 escape from the Guomindang to Shaanxi was called the a. Miracle of Mao. b. Long March. c. Trek to the Mountain. d. March of Madness. e. Night of Terror. 35.. Eventually, Japanese leaders realized that the war with China a. was too popular at home to make peace. b. was a drain on Japanese resources. c. was morally repugnant. d. was self-defeating as they were ethnically similar people. e. would be over in a short period of time if they could hold on. 36. At Nanjing, the Japanese troops raped a. 200 Chinese women. b. 800 Chinese women. c. 1,700 Chinese women.

Advance Placement World History Chapter 29 The Collapse of the Old Order
d. e. 15,000 Chinese women. 20,000 Chinese women. 42.. Hitler's resumption of offensive tactics in 1940 focused on which area? a. Scandanavia and Belgium b. France c. North Africa d. Hungary e. Poland 43. Per his earlier writings in Mein Kampf, Hitler's plan for Russia was a. to enslave the Slavic people and create "living space" to the East. b. complete genocide of all Bolsheviks. c. to work in cooperation with Stalin to execute all Jews. d. to take over the fertile agricultural lands of western Russia. e. to install Catholicism in place of the Russian Orthodox Church. 44. One of the fiercest battles on the Eastern front between USSR and Germany was at a. Lvov b. Stalingrad c. Moscow d. Riga e. Odessa. 45. The German army was routed from North Africa by which army? a. British b. Moroccan. c. Egyptian d. Arabic e. Italian. 46. The prime motivation for the Japanese invasion of Southeast Asia was a. its abundant oil and rubber production. b. the opportunity to defeat Western powers. c. to keep the Japanese people satisfied. d. to keep the United States from entering the war. e. to avenge the execution of Japanese sailors in 1938. 47. On December 7, 1941, a. the Yalta Conference took place and set in motion the \ plans for the Axis defeat. b. Japanese planes bombed the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor.

37. Why was Chiang Kai-shek so focused on building up the Chinese military after escaping to Sichuan? a. He knew that war with Japan was going to be very drawn out. b. He had already lost significant troops in Beijing. c. He needed troops to rebuild the infrastructure after he had destroyed the dikes of the Yellow River. d. He was preparing for a future battle with Mao's army. e. He planned to form an alliance with Russia and knew it would require a troop commitment. 38. The German Blitzkrieg meant, literally, a. death from above. b. no surrender. c. total war. d. lightning war. e. secret war. 39. In the early years of World War II, the Soviet Union invaded which of the following countries? a. Germany and Japan b. Germany and Italy c. Poland and the Baltic States d. France and China e. Greece and Turkey 40. Why was the winter of 1939-40 termed a period of "phony war?" a. The revelation of the Soviet-German pact over Poland was revealed. b. Britain and France declared war on Germany but took no action. c. The perception was that there was no real war without US involvement. d. The Soviet Union did not actively fight, but let winter kill off most of their enemies. e. none of these. 41. The Battle of Britain was conducted primarily by a. air attacks. b. submarines. c. naval warships. d. ground force invasion on the beaches at Hastings. e. detonating a magneto-electric pulse on London to wipe out all electric power.

Advance Placement World History Chapter 29 The Collapse of the Old Order
c. Japan surrender to the U.S. to end World War II. d. the Soviet Union invaded north China. e. the U.S. army invaded the home islands of Japan. 48. The key to victory in the Pacific Ocean was a. holding the Philippine Islands. b. aircraft carriers. c. the base at Pearl Harbor. d. the atomic bomb. e. short supply lines. 49. The start of the final Allied push to end the war in Europe began on June 6, 1944, known as a. The Big One b. D-Day c. Operation Caprica d. The Norman Invasion e. Battle of the Bulge 50. The final defeat of Japan took longer than victory over Germany in large part because a. of fanatical Japanese resistance. b. the Japanese had captured so much more territory. c. the United States had concentrated its efforts on Germany. d. the Allies were unsure of whether to use the atomic bomb. e. ice floes surrounded the islands of Japan.