Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 60

http://www.7daynewsjournal.

com

twGJ(11)? trSwf(48)

2002 rwf 7 wGif pwifxkwfa0onf

1374 ckESpf? jymokdvjynhfausmf 12 &uf ? Mumoyaw;? (azazmf0g&D 7 ? 2013)

om;zGm;rD;,yf
q&m0efwpfOD;tm;
ukocGifhvdkifpif
ig;ESpfydwf
vlemaoqkH;cJhonhf
rSm;,Gif;ukorIaMumihf
rD'D,mrsm;wGif azmfjycH&NyD;
ukocGihfvkdifpif
ydwfodrf;cH&aom
'kwd,ajrmufq&m0efjzpf

azazmf0g&D 4&uf nae 5 em&Dausmw


f iG f &efuek w
f idk ;f a'oBuD; vIid Nf rKd Ue,f(4)&yfuu
G f ckid [
f v
kH o
D pfawm0if;qdyu
f rf; qDwrJG sm; wifaqmifxm;onfh oabFmESppf ;D rD;avmif
uRrf;aepOf
"mwfykH-a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

txl;pD;yGm;a&;ZkefrS rxl;awmhwJU

ajr,mjyem
tpk;d &opfutaumiftxnfazmfaeaomxm;0,f?oDv0g?
ausmufjzL txl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef pDru
H ed ;f wkt
Yd euf yxrqH;k wnf
aqmufNyD;pD;&ef &nfrSef;aeaom oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;
Zkerf mS vnf; tjcm;pDru
H ed ;f rsm;enf;wl ajr,mjyem tenf;
i,f&Sdaeonf/
pm(28)okdY

wefz;kd enf;tdr&f mpDruH ed ;f tajccHvwl ef;pm;rsm;vdtk yfcsuEf iS fh wpfxyfwnf;rus


'*Hkqdyfurf;NrKdUe,f taumiftxnfazmfaeaom wefz;dk
enf;tdr&f mpDru
H ed ;f wGif wdu
k cf ef;aygif; wpfaomif;udk;axmif
ausmf yg0ifNyD; wdkufcef;wpfcef;\ wefzdk;rSm usyf 185 odef;
rS ode;f 200Mum; a&mif;csrnfqo
dk nht
f wGuf tajccHvw
l ef;
pm;wkdY\ vkdtyfcsufESihf wpfxyfwnf;rus[k okH;oyfMu
onf/
pm(5)okdY

tpkd;&ESihf autkdiftkd ppfajyNidrf;a&;tjreftaumiftxnfazmf&ef oabmwl


at;jrausmf
&efukef?azazmf0g&D-4
ppfyGJrsm; ESpfvausmfMumt&Sdef
jrihfjzpfyGm;NyD;aemuf jyefvnf
awGUqHkaqG;aEG;rItaejzihf w
kwfEkdifiH a&TvDNrdKUwGif azazmf
0g&D 4 &ufu ckepfem&Dausmf
Mum aqG;aEG;cJhonf/
aqG;aEG;yGJwGif cdkifrmaom
ppfajyNidrf;a&;udk tvsiftjref
taumiftxnfazmf&ef? y#dyu
jzpfymG ;onfh ae&mrsm; avhvm
apmihfMunfhpdppfonfh pepfay:
aygufa&; qufvufaqG;aEG;
oGm;&efESihf azazmf0g&Dvrukef
rD EkdifiHa&;aqG;aEG;yGJ jyKvkyfEkdif

"mwfykH-MPC

Special Report

autkdifat'kwd,ppfOD;csKyf AkdvfcsKyf*GefarmfESihf 0efBuD;OD;atmifrif;wkdYukdaqG;aEG;yGJwGifawGU&pOf

&ef oabmwlcMhJ uaMumif; aqG;


aEG;yGt
J Ny;D ESpzf ufy;l wGaJ Munm
csufjzifh owif;xkwfjyefonf/
tpdk;&bufrS jynfaxmif
pk0efBuD; OD;atmifrif; OD;aqmif
aom Nidrf;csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;a&;
tzGJUESihf ucsifvGwfajrmufa&;
tzGJUrS OD;qrfvGwf*rf OD;aqmif

NyD; autkdifat 'kwd,ppfOD;pD;


csKyf AkdvfcsKyf*Gefarmf yg0ifaom
tzGJUwkdYonf wkwftpdk;&\
Mum;0ifun
l rD jI zihf azazmf0g&D 4
&ufwiG fa&TvND rKd Uusi;f cse;f [kw
d ,f
eHeuf 9 em&DrpS wifum nae
4 em&Dausmftxd awGUqHkaqG;
pm(12)okdY
aEG;cJhMuonf/

0wf&nfatmif
&efukef? Zefe0g&D-30
ajrmufOuvmyNrdKUe,ftwGif;
&Sd yk*vduaq;kHwpfckrS om;
zGm;rD;,yfq&m0efwpfOD;tm;
vlem\ udk,f0efapmifha&Smuf
pOf? arG;zGm;csed fEiS hf arG;zGm;NyD;csdef
rSm;,Gif;rIrsm;aMumifh aq;0g;
ukocGihfvkdifpif ig;ESpfydwfodrf;
vkdufaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiH aq;
aumifpDu xkwfjyefonf/
2010 jynfhESpfuwnf;u
xdk rSm;,Gif;rIaMu mifh arG;uif;p
uav;i,f w pf O D ; arG ; zG m ;NyD ;
wpfywftwGif; aoqkH;oGm;cJh
NyD;aemuf vlem&Sifbufu wkdif
wef;rIrsm; jyKvkyfcJh&m jrefrm
EkdifiH aq;aumifpDrS pkHprf;ppf
aq;rIrsm; aqmif&GufcJhNyD; ,ck
vtwGif; aq;0g;ukocGifhvkdif
pif ydwfodrf;ta&;,lvkdufjcif;
jzpfonf/
]]Oya'aMumif;t& q&m
0efwpfa,mufukdta&;,lw,f/
bmaMumifh ta&;,lw,fqw
kd m
udk trsm;jynfoludk xkwfjyef
ydkifcGifh r&Sdygbl;}}[k aq;aumif
pDOu| a'gufwmrsKd;jrifhu rD'D
,mrsm;\ ar;jref;rIukd jyefvnf
ajzMum;onf/
pm(12)okdY

Home

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

xl;ukrPDvufatmuf&Sd vkyfief;tm;vkH; ,ckESpftwGif; trsm;ydkifajymif;rnf


at;olpH? atmifcdkif
&efukef? Zefe0g&D 30
xl;ukrPDatmuf&Sd tjrwf
tpGef;&&Sdaeaom vkyfief;rsm;
tm;vHk;udk 2013 ckESpftwGif;
trsm;ydkifvkyfief;tjzpf ajymif;
vJomG ;rnfjzpfaMumif; xl;xa&;
'if;ukrPDrS'gdkufwmwpfOD;
jzpfol OD;&Jrif;OD;uajymonf/
rMumao;rD &ufydkif; t
wGif;u xl;ukrPDtkyfpkydkif tm
&Spdrf;vef;zGUHNzdK;rIbPf (AGD
Bank) udk trsm;ydkifbPftjzpf
ajymif;vJrnf[k aMunmNyD;
aemuf tjcm;tjrwftpGef;&&Sd
aeonfh vkyif ef;rsm;udyk g trsm;
ydkiftjzpfjyKvkyfrnf[k OD;&Jrif;
OD;uajymMum;jcif;jzpfonf/
]]AGDbPftjyifxl;ukrP
D
tkyfpkatmufrSm&SdwJh tusKd;
tjrwf&&SdaewJh vkyfief;awG
tm;vHk;udk trsm;ydkiftjzpf
'DESpfxJrSm awmfawmfrsm;rsm;
ajymif;zdYk &Syd gw,f/ b,fvyk if ef;
awGqdkwmudkawmh vkyfief;ydkif;
oabmobm0t& rajymEkdif
ao;ygbl;}} [k if;u ajymonf/
jrefrmEkid if w
H iG f tcsr;f om
qHk;pm&if;0if OD;awZydkifqkdif

aom xl;ukrPDtkyfpkatmuf
ausmufprd ;f ausmufrsuf vkyf
ief;? c&D;oGm;vkyfief;? rkdbdkif;
zkef;vkyfief;? uRef;opfvkyfief;?
avmifpmqDvkyfief;wdkYudk vkyf
udkifvsuf&Sdonf/
,if ; od k Y emrnf a usmf
ukrP
D tkypf Bk uD;wpfcrk S if;ydik f
vkyif ef;rsm;udk wpfO;D wnf;ykid rf S
trsm;ydik t
f jzpfoYkd ajymif;vJay;
jcif;tay: yGifhvif;jrifomrI&Sd
&ef vkdtyfaMumif; jrefrmEkdifiH
ig;vkyfief;tzGJUcsKyfrS 'kOu|
OD;ESif;OD;u ajymonf/
]]yGifhvif;vmwJh aps;uGuf
pD;yGm;a&;rSm wkd;csJUw,fvdkYyJ
ajym&rSmaygh/ aiGpm &if;oabm
t&qkd&if aiGac:wJh oabmyg
yJ/ 'gayrJh trsm;ydkif ukrPDudk
b,fvdktcsKd;tpm;eJY vkyfrvJ
qdkwm yGifhvif;jrifomrI&SdzdkY t
a&;BuD;w,f/ Public Offering
vdaYk c:wJh &S,,
f m0ifr,fo
h al wG
tay: xifomjrifomrI&adS tmif
vkyfzdkYvdkw,f/ rpfqlbD&SDwdkYvdk
urmhtqihfrD ukrPDBuD;awG
jzpfzdkYqdk&ifawmh 'DvdkyJ &S,f,m
awGac:Ny;D trsm;ydik v
f yk &f rSmyJ}}
[k if;uajymonf/

tar&duef Peace Corps tzJGU


tultnDay;&ef a&SUajy;vma&muf
xGef;ckdif
&efukef? Zefe0g&D-30
tar&duef tajcpdkuftultnDay;a&;tzJGUwpfzGJUjzpfonfh
Peace Corps onf jref r mEkdifiHwGif tultnDay;a&;vkyf
ief;rsm;vkyfa qmif & ef vma&muf a qG ; aEG ; vsuf & S d aMumif;
jrefrmNird ;f csr;f a&;azmfaqmifrIA[dkXme (MPC)rS owif;&&Sd
onf/
,if;tzJGUvma&mufjcif;onf NyD;cJhonfh Ekd0ifbmvu
jrefrmEkdifiHodkY vma&mufvnfywfcJhaom tar&dueforw
tdb
k m;rm;\ c&D;pOftwGi;f aqG;aEG;cJah om tultnD ay;a&;
vkyfief;pOfrsm;teufrSwpfckjzpfaMumif; od&onf/
]]'Dbufu bmawGvv
dk q
J w
kd mtay: rlwnfNy;D tultnD
ay;rSmaygh}} [k MPCrS typftcwf&yfpJa&; TefMum;a&;rSL;
a'gufwmrif;aZmfOD;uajymonf/
tqkyd g tzJUG \ Director Carrie jzpfol Hessler-Radelet
ESihf if;\tzJUG onf tultnDay;a&;vkyif ef;rsm;twGuf ouf
qkdif&m0efBuD;Xmersm;ESifh aejynfawmfwGif awGUqkHaqG;aEG;
vsu&f adS Mumif; owif;&&So
d nf/ 1961 ckEpS rf S pwifzUGJ pnf;cJah om
0g&Siw
f ef'pD t
D ajcpdu
k f tqkyd gtzJUG tpnf;onf zHUG NzKd ;a&;vkyf
ief;rsm;twGuf zHUG NzKd ;qJEidk if rH sm;wGif tultnDay;a&;vkyif ef;
rsm;aqmif&u
G af eaom apwemh0efxrf;tzJUG tpnf;jzpfonf/
Peace Corp\ tifwmeufpmrsufESmwGif &efukefESifh
rEav;NrdKUrsm; wm0efxrf;aqmif&eftwGuf ausmif;q&m
rsm; tygt0if 0efxrf;rsm;ac:,lrnf[kvnf; aMunmxm;
onf/

Home

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

tdk;tdrfESihf ukrPDwpfck\ vIdifom,m&Sd pDrHudef;e,fajrwGif vltpktzGJUvkduf 0g;wJrsm;jzihf ajrae&m0if,l


&efrsdK;Ekdif? atmifckdif
&efukef?
azazmf0g&D-4
vdIifom,mNrdKUe,f trSwf(5)
&yfuGuf yDrdk;eif;vrf;&Sd pDrHudef;
e,fajrtwGi;f vltpktzGUJ vdu
k f
usL;ausmf a e&m,l x m;rI r sm;
tm; ,cktcsdefxd ajz&Sif;ay;
Ekdifjcif;r&Sdao;aMumif; owif;
&&Sdonf/
tdk;tdrfzGHUNzdK;a&;XmeESihf p
wm;vdkufukrPDwdkY yl;aygif;
wefzdk;enf;tdrf&m azmfaqmif
rnfh 18 {ucefY us,f0ef;aom
pDrHudef;ajrae&mudk Zefe0g&D
31 &uf nykdif;rS pwifum teD;
ywf 0 ef ; usif r S vl r sm;ES i h f t
aqmifvkdif;cef;iSm;aeolrsm;u
0g;wJrsm; aqmufvkyfum 0if
a&muf ae&m,lcJhMujcif; jzpf
onf/
]]vuf&SdrSm Oya'eJYvkyf&if
jynfoal wGxrd ,f/ 'gaMumihf nd
EIdif;ajz&Sif;rIeJYyJ vkyfoGm;rSmyg}}
[k vdIifom,mNrdKUe,f tkyfcsKyf
a&;rSL;uajymonf/
wJx;dk aeolrsm;udk ar;jref;
&mwGif rnfolu ponfukd rod
&SMd ubJ ajruGu&f rnf[k owif;

pnfyif0efxrf;ukd vkdufkdufaeonhf ajrOD;olrsm;

Mum;ojzihf tcsif;csif; vufwdkY


um vma&mufae&mOD;Mujcif;
jzpfonf[k qkdMuonf/
xdkpDrHudef;e,fajrtwGif;
odkY 0ifa&mufae&m,lolrsm;t
wGuf tqkyd gvlrsm;pwifa&muf
&Sdvmonfh Zefe0g&D 31 &uf n
u0g;rsm;ukd um;oHk;pD;jzihf vm
a&mufcsxm;ay;rIrsm; &SdcJhNyD;?
aemufuG,fwGif tm;ay;tm;
ajrm ufjyKaeolrsm;&SEd idk af Mumif;
NrdKUe,f tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;u ajym

Mum;onf/
]]aep&mr&SdvkdY 0ifaqmuf
wmyg/ wJaqmufzYdk 0g;zd;k awmif
ta<u;eJY,lxm;&w,f}}[k pDrH
udef;e,fajrtwGif; 0ifa&muf
ae&mOD;xm;ol trsdK;orD;wpf
OD;uajymonf/
NyD;cJhonfhESpfrS pwifum
wefzdk;enf;tdrf&m pDrHudef;udk
aqmif&u
G af ejcif;jzpfNy;D ,ckuhJ
okdY 0ifa&mufaexkdifrIrsm;ukd O
ya't& aqmif&GufoGm;rnf

"mwfykH-EPA

jzpfaMumif; pwm;vkdufukrPD
\ wm0efcHwpfOD;uqkdonf/
]]uRefrwkdYu todrf;cH&wJh
vlawGr[kwyf gbl;/ vkid ;f cef;t
aqmifawGrSm iSm;ae&wm aps;
Bu;D vdYk ajrae&m tvum;&r,f
qkdvdkY a&mufvmNyD; OD;xm;wm}}
[k 0g;wJae&m OD;xm;onfh t
rsdK;orD;wpfOD;uajymonf/
,if;okYd usL;ausmaf e&m,l
xm;rIrsm;rS usef&Sdaeonfrsm;
ukd z,f&Sm;ay;&ef tdk;tdrfzGHUNzdK;

tpdk;&wGif EdkifiHwumodkY jyefqyf&rnhfa<u;


uefa':vm oef;udk;axmifausmf&Sd
atmifol&? jynfodrf;? xGef;cdkif
&efukef? azazmf0g&D-4
0efBuD;Xmersm;u pDrHudef;rsm; taumiftxnfazmf&ef
Edik if w
H umrS acs;,lcahJ om acs;aiGrsm;xJrS urmb
h Pf? tm&S
zHGUNzKd;a&;bPfESihf EdkifiHwumodkY jyefqyf&ef ta<u;aiG pkpk
aygif; tar&duefa':vm oef;udk;axmifausmf usef&Sdao;
aMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
xdak <u;NrrD sm;teuf 1988 ckEpS rf wdik rf D urmb
h Pf? tm
&SzUGH NzK;d a&;bPfEiS fh yJ&pfuvyfwrYkd S acs;,lxm;aom aiGrsm;
xJrSjyefqyf&ef tar&duefa':vm oef;ajcmufaxmifeD;
yg;&SNd y;D 1988 aemufyikd ;f acs;,lxm; aom aiGrsm;xJrS ta<u;
tar &duefa':vm oef; oH;k axmifausmf use&f adS o;aMumif;
b@ma&;ESifh tcGe0f efBu;D Xme jynf axmifp0k efBu;D OD;0if;&Sed f
pm(12)okdY
u ajymonf/
a&;OD;pD;XmerS wm0ef&Sdolu
tcsdefay;cJhaomfvnf; z,f&Sm;
jcif;r&SdcJhay/ xkdYaMumihf z,f&Sm;
&Sif;vif;rIjyKvkyf&mwGif vHkNcHK
a&;wm0ef,lxm;aom &Jrsm;
a&SUyif &Sif;vif;olrsm;ukd 0if
a&muf a e&m,l x m;ol r sm;u
kdufESufrIrsm; jyKvkyfcJhMuonf/
azazmf0g&D 1 &ufu wJ
aqmufolrsm;ESihf wJjyefzsuf
onfh ukrPD0efxrf;ESihf Xme
qkdif&mtzGJUtpnf;rsm;Mum; t

jyeftvSefjyemrsm; jzpfyGm;
cJhonfhaemufrSp usL;ausmf
0ifa&muf wJxkd;olrsm;udk zsuf
odrf;jcif;rvkyfawmhaMumif; od
&onf/
vuf&SdtcsdefwGif 18 {u
cefY us,f0ef;aom pDrHudef;ajr
ae&mwGif 0ifa&mufae&m,l
xm;onhf tuGufaygif; 2000
ausm&f NdS y;D if;ae&mrsm; rdom;
pkvkduf aexkdifolrsm;yif &Sdae
onf/

Home

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

tao;pm;? tvwfpm; pD;yGm;a&; vkyfief;rsm;twGuf acs;aiGa':vm wpfbDvD,Hvdk


atmifol&

ESpfusyfcGJaus;&GmrD;vif;a&;ESifh ywfouf
q&mawmfwpfyg;ESifh &Gmol? &Gmom; 11OD;udkw&m;pGJ
Nidrf;csrf;

&efukef? azazmf0g&D -1
ausmufyef;awmif;NrKdUe,f ESpfusyfcJGaus;&Gm rD;vif;
a&;ESiyfh wfoufNy;D bke;f BuD;wpfyg;tygt0if 11OD;wdu
Yk kd
udk,fxdvufa&muf usL;vGefrIyk'fr 352? 0w&m;aESmihf
,SufrI 353wdkYjzihf jrif;NcHcdkif vQyfppfHk;rS ausmuf
yef;awmif;&Jpcef;wGif trIziG x
hf m;aMumif; rEav;wdik ;f
a'oBu;D vTwaf wmfud,
k pf m;vS,Of ;D 0if;jrihu
f ajymonf/
]] tpkd;&ykdif rD;BuKd;oG,fwef;&mrS0ifa&mufaESmihf
,SufrIeJU bkef;BuD;wpfyg;? vlq,fhwpf OD;udkw&m;pGJxm;
ygw,f}}[kwkid ;f a'oBu;D vTwaf wmfu,
dk pf m;vS,Of ;D 0if;
jrifhuajymonf/
Zefe0g&Dv (29)&ufwGif ESpfusyfcGJaus;&Gmwpf&Gm
vk;H rD;vif;a&;twGuv
f yk af qmifaeaom 0efxrf;rsm;udk
odrfawmfajrmufausmif;q&mawmf OD;aumovESifh
&Gmom;tcsKUd u wm;jrpfaomaMumihf rEav;wkid ;f &JcsKy?f
rEav;wkid ;f vQypf pfEiS phf ufrv
I ufr0I efBu;D ?jrif;NcH?ausmuf
yef;awmif;? anmifOD; ponfwkdUrS &JwyfzGJU0ifrsm; vm
a&mufajz&Sif;ay;&onftxd jyoemjzpfyGm;cJhaMumif;
4if;u ajymonf/ ]]wpfzufurD;rvif;bl;/ wpfzufu
rD;vif;w,f? rD;rvif;wmukd vif;atmifvyk af y;&rSmyg}}
[k rEav;wkdif;vQyfppfESifh pufrIvufrI0efBuD; a'guf
wmjrifhMuL u aNymonf/
2000jynfEh pS u
f ukeo
f ,
G af &;Gecf sKyaf [mif;Akv
d f
BuD;rif;vSatmif (,ckuG,fvGef)u x&efpazmfrmwpf
vk;H udEk pS fusycf &JG mG odraf wmfaNrmufausmif;q&mawmfxH
vSL'gef;cJah Mumif;owif;&&do
S nf/xkad us;&GmwGit
f rd af jc
800ausmf&SdNyD; q&mawmfOD;aumovu tqkdyg x&rf
pazmfrmESit
hf rd af jc145tdru
f dkvQypf pfr;D ay;xm;aMumif;
q&mawmf ESifh a'ocHrsm;u ajymonf/
]]tvSL&Sifu bk&m;eJY &GmtwGufqdkNyD; vSLcJhwm yg/
bkef;BuD;u olYudkvSLw,fyJajymaew,f/ usefwJhtdrf
awGvnf; rD;vif;csifwmaygh}} [k ESpfusyfcJG&Gm a'ocH
wpfOD;u ajymonf/
uset
f rd (f 600)ausmu
f dk vQypf pfr;D vif;a&;twGuf
tpk;d &tpDtpOfjzifhx&rfpazmfrmwpfv;Hk a&muf&adS eNy;D
,cifq&mawmfo,
G w
f ef;xm;aom"mwftm;vdik ;f xHrS
BuKd;oG,fwef;&m q&mawmfu vufrcHay/ xkdYaMumifh
q&mawmf pDpOfaom x&rfpazmfrmjzifhrD;&aeolrsm;ESihf
q&mawmfuwpfzuf?tpk;d &rD;oG,w
f ef;a&;aqmif&u
G f
aeaomaus;&GmrD;vif;a&;aumfrwDrS wm0ef&Sdolrsm;
rD;r&aomolrsm;uwpfzuf Zefe0g&D 29 &ufwiG f pum;
rsm;cJhMuonf/
]]OD;Zif;u rD;rcsdwfckdif;bl; r[kwfygbl;/ OD;Zif;
'Dr;D &atmifvkyx
f m;wke;f uyku
d q
f aH wmfawmfuek yf gw,f?
olwkdUu twif;BuD;udk oG,fzkdUvkyfaewm}}[k ESpfusyfcGJ
aus;&Gmajrmuf ausmif;q&mawmfOD;aumovu
rdeMYf um;onf/tqdyk gjzpf pOfwiG f aus;&Gmol aus;&Gmom;
tm;vH;k ryg0ifcahJ Mumif;rD;vif;a&;tzJUG rSajymMum;onf/
aus;&GmwGifrD;r&onfh tdrfajcrsm;aomaMumifh
bke;f Bu;D ausmif;ykid fx&rfpazmfrmtjyiftpd;k &vQypf pfr;D
oG,fwef;&jcif;jzpfaMumif; aus;&GmrD;vif;a&;aumf
rwD0if OD;armifnKduvnf;ajymonf/
,cktcgvQypf pfr;D r&onfhaus;&Gmom;rsm;twGuf
vkid ;f topfo,
G w
f ef;rD;vif; atmifjyKvyk af y;rnfjzpf
aMumif; 0efBuD;a'gufwmjrifhMuL uqkdonf/
xdkYtjyif ,cif&SdcJhaomtrItwGuf q&mawmf
OD;aumovtm; bk&m;aiGtvGo
J ;Hk pm;vkyrf yI 'k rf (406)?
wefaqmif;rsm;tm; zsuq
f ;D rIy'k rf (427)jzifh azazmf0g&D
26 &ufwiG f aejynfawmf A[kw
d &m;k;H trI&ifqidk &f rnf
jzpfaMumif;owif;&&Sdonf/

&efukef?
Zefe0g&D-30
jref r mEk d i f i H & S d tao;pm;? t
vwfpm; pD;yGm;a&; vkyfief;rsm;
wG i f trS e f w u,f vd k t yf a e
onf h acs;aiG a Mu;yrmPrS m
tar&duefa':vm oef;wpf
axmifcefY (a':vmwpfbv
D ,
D H)
&SdaMumif; urmhbPftkyfpk0if
jzpf a om tjynf j ynf q k d i f & m
b@ma&;aumfydka&;&Sif; (IFC)
u Zefe0g&D 29 &ufwGif jrefrm
Ekid if t
H wGuf xkwjf yefaom tpD
&ifcHpm azmfjyxm;onf/
txl;ojzifh jrefrmEkdifiH

vlOD;a&pkpkaygif;\ okH;ykHESpfykH
aexdkifvsuf&Sdaom aus;vuf
a'owGif vdktyfcsuf ydkrdkBuD;
rm;NyD; vuf&SdwGif vnfywfae
aom acs;aiGyrmPrSm tar&d
uefa':vm 283 oef;cefYom
&SdaMumif; tqkdyg tpD&ifcHu
qdkonf/
xd k Y t jyif jref r mEk d i f i H \
bPfvkyfief;u@wGif pD;yGm;
a&;t& pdefac:rIESifh tcuft
cJ rsm;pGm&Sad eqJjzpfaMumif; tpD
&ifcHpmwGif azmjfyxm;onf/
yk*vdubPfrsm;\ &if;
ESD;jrKyfESHrI xnfh0ifaiGrSm EkdifiH
jcm;bPfrsm;ESifh EIdif;,SOfygu

tvG e f e nf ; yg;aejcif ; onf


t"dupdeaf c:rIjzpfaMumif; jrefrm
a&SUaqmifbPfrS 'kwd,tkyf
csKyfrI 'gdkufwmOD;ausmfpdk;rif;
uajymonf/
xkdYtjyif tjynfjynfqkdif
&m b@ma&;aumf y d k a &;&S i f ;
u
d bPfwpfcEk iS hf
(IFC) u yk*v
aygif;um jrefmEkdifiH&Sd tao;
pm; tvwfpm; pD;yGm;a&;vkyf
ief;ESihf 0ifaiGenf;aom rdom;pk
rsm;twGuf aiGacs;&ef pDpOfae
aMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
OD;odef;pdef tpdk;&wufvm
Ny;D jrefrmusyaf iGEiS hf tar&duef
a':vm vJvS,fEIef;usqif;cJh

rMumrDvykdif;umvrsm;wGif aeYpOfxkwfowif;pmrsm; jrefrmEkdifiHwGif jrifawGU&awmhrnfjzpfonf

jcif;ESihf &moDOwk azmufjyefjcif;


wkdYaMumifh jrefrmEkdifiH&Sd awmif
olrsm;ESifh tao;pm; tvwf
pm; pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm;rSm pD;
yGm;a&;usqif;cJhonf/
jrefrmEkdifiH&Sd awmifol
v,form;tm; aiGxw
k af cs;&ef
twGuf jrefrmtpkd;&ESifh wkwf
tpd;k &wdMYk um; oabmwlnx
D m;
NyD; rMumcif wkwfEkdifiHrSynm
&Sirf sm; jrefrmEkid if o
H Ykd vma&muf
avhvmrnfjzpfaMumif; wkwf
EkdifiH pD;yGm;a&;ESifh ul;oef;
a&mif;0,fa&;0efBu;D Xme'kw,
d
0efBuD;uajymonf/

"mwfykH-a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

jrefrmhrD'D,mvGwfvyfcGihf 18 qihf wdk;wuf


tm;rmef
&efukef?Zefe0g&D-30
e,fpnf;rjcm;owif;axmuf
rsm;tzGJU (RSF)u 2012 ckESpf
twGuf owfrw
S x
f w
k jf yefvu
kd f
aom ur m h r D ' D , mvG w f v yf
cGihfTef;udef;wGif jrefrmEkdifiHu
,cifxuf tqihf 18 qifh wkd;
wufvmNyD; 179 EkdifiHwGif t
qifh 151 csdwfcJhonf/
2011 ckEpS t
f wGuf tqihf
xkwjf yefcsuw
f iG f jrefrmEkid if u
H

179 EkdifiHwGif tqihf 169 &SdcJh


aomaMumifh 2012 ckESpfrSm ,
cifESpfuxuf 18 qifh wkd;vm
jcif;jzpfonf/
jrefrmEkid if w
H iG f ESpif g;q,f
eD ; yg; yH k E S d y f p mtm;vH k ; ud k pm
aypdppfa&;odkY wifjyNyD;rS xkwf
a0cGi&fh cJ&h mrS 2012 ckEpS f Mo*kwf
20 wGif tpkd;&u yHkESdyfpmrsm;
udk BudKwifpdppf jzwfawmuf
jcif; vkyfief;pOfrsm;udk pwif
zsuf o d r f ; ay;cJ h o nf / umv

&S n f y d w f x m;cJ h a om 0uf b f


qk d u f r sm;pG m uk d v nf ; jyef z G i h f
ay;cJhonf/
]]jrefrmEkdifiH tpdk;&axmif
awGxrJ mS zrf;qD;xm;wJh *sme,f
vpfawG? tifwmeufay:wuf
a&;wJholawG r&Sdawmhygbl;}}[k
e,fpnf;rjcm;owif;axmuf
rsm;tzGJUrS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u
owif;axmufrsm;tm; ajym
onf/
urmhrD'D,mvGwfvyfcGifh

Tef;udef;tqihf owfrSwfcsuf
wGif wkwEf idk if rH mS 173? AD,uf
erfEkdifiHrSm 172 &Sd jrefrmEkdifiH
u wkwfESihf AD,uferfwdkYxuf
rD'D,mvGwfvyfrIwGif tqihf
ykdjrihfonf/
Te;f ude;f wGif rD',
D mvGwf
vyfcGihftenf;qHk; EkdifiHrsm;rSm
tD & D x &D , m; tqih f 179?
ajrmufudk&D;,m; 178? wmhcf
rifepwef 177? qD;&D;,m; 176
wkdYjzihf &yfwnfaeonf/

pkHprf;ar;jref;rIrsm; &Sdaomfvnff; tD;,lrS tyfxnftrSm r&ao;


jynfodrf;
&efukef? azazmf0g&D -2
tD;,l txnfcsKyfvkyfief;&Sif
rsm;u jynfwGif;pufkHrsm;udk
pkpH rf;avhvmaeaomfvnf;tyf
xnf t rS m ay;jcif ; r&S d a o;
aMumif; jrefrmEkdifiHtxnfcsKyf
vkyif ef;&Sirf sm;toif;rS owif;
&&Sdonf/
txl ; tcG e f o uf o mcG i f h
(GSP)r&ao;onfhtwGuf tD;

,lEkdifiHrsm;onf jrefrmEkdifiHudk
tyfxnftrSmay;&efavhvm
apmif h p m;aejcif ; jzpf a Mumif ;
tqkdyg toif;OuXOD;jrifhpkd;
u&Sif;jyonf/
]]buyer awGu
G owif;pkpH rf;
wmqufoG,fwmawGrsm;vm
w,f/ vkyif ef;pwifzUdk awmh GSP
ucH a ew,f } } [k OD ; jrif h p k d ; u
qkdonf/
rlvu tD;,lrS csKyfxnf

trSmrsm; azazmf0g&Dv 0ef;usif


wGifpwif&&SdEkdifonf[k cefYrSef;
xm;aomfvnf; Oa&myor*
Ek d i f i H r sm;u zG H U NzKd ; rI t m;enf ;
aom Ekid if rH sm;okaYd y;onfh tcGef
oufomcGifhrSm tcsdefumv r
aocsmjcif;? tvkyform;qEjy
rIrsm;ESihf rNird o
f ufrrI sm;aMumifh
vuf&Sd tcsdefxd trSmr&ao;
jcif ; jzpf a Mumif ; vI d i f o m,m
pufrIZkef(1) rS txnfcsKyfvkyf

ief;&SifwpfOD;u &Sif;jyonf/
vuf & S d j ref r mEk d i f i H w G i f
&if; ESD;jrKyfESHxm;onfh txnf
csKyfpufkHaygif; 205 ck&SdNyD;vkyf
ief ; trsm;pk r S m *syef a tmf ' g
udkom t"duxm;ae&onf/
2011 ESifh2012 ckESpfwGif csKyf
xnftrSmrsm;\ 90 &mckdifEIef;
rSm *syefEkdifiHrSomjzpfaMumif;
txnfcsKyv
f yk if ef;&Sirf sm;uqkd
onf/

Home

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

{&m0wD EkdifiHwumpmayyJGawmfodkY ausmif;om;vli,frsm; vma&mufavhvmrIenf;


&Jaemif
&efukef? azazmf0g&D-3
jrefrmEkid if w
H iG f yxrqk;H tBudrf
pwifusi;f yaom {&m0wDEidk if H
wum pmayyJGawmfodkY ausmif;
om;vli,frsm; vma&mufavh
vmrIenf;aMumif; tqkdygyJGodkY
wufa&mufaom jrefrmpma&;
q&mrsm;uajymonf/
azazmf0g&D 1 &ufrS 3&uf
txd tif;vsm;vdy[
f w
dk ,fwiG f
usif;yaom tqkdyg yJGawmfodkY
vma&mufrIrSm wpf&ufv Qif
vlOD;a&wpfaxmifyif rjynfh
aMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
yJGawmftBudK owif;xkwf
jyefrt
I m;enf;jcif;? usi;f yaom
ae&modkYoGm;vm&ef cufcJjcif;?
yJGpDpOfolESifh yg0ifaqmif&Guf
olrsm;twGuf yxrqkH;tawGU
tBuHKjzpfjcif;aMumifh pDpOfrI ydik ;f
tm;enf;jcif;? Ekid if w
H um pmay
yJGawmfusif;yonfh ,Ofaus;rI
ESifh "avhwdkYrSm jrefrmy&dowf
rsm;tMum; tavhtx r&Sdjcif;
wkdYaMumifh vma&mufavhvmrI

enf;jcif;jzpfonf[k pDpOfaqmif
&GufrIwGif yg0ifcJhaom jrefrm
pma&;q&mtcsKdUu ajymonf/
]]wcsKUd odwo
hJ al wGuvnf;
Ekid if jH cm; pma&;q&mawGeYJjrefrm
pma&;q&mawGu olwkdYtcsif;
csif; t*FvdyfvdkyJ ajymMur,f
xifNyD; odyfrvmMubl;/ jrefrm
pma&;q&mawG jrefrmvdkajym
r,fh tpDtpOfawGvnf; trsm;
BuD;ygygw,f}}[k pma&;q&m
rif;cku
d pf ;kd pefuajymonf/
{&m0wD Ekid if w
H um pmay
yJGawmfwGif jrefrmEkdifiHrS xif
&S m ;aom pma&;q&m uAsm
q&m? umwGef;q&m 80 ausmf
ESifh EkdifiHwumrS pmayynm&Sif
20 ausmf ar;cGef;rsm; tjyeft
vSefar;jcif;wdkYjzifh EkdifiHwum
pmayESifh jrefrmpmay ,Ofaus;
rIwkdYtm; zvS,fcJhMuonf/
pmayyJ G a wmf w G if a'guf
wmoefjY rifOh ;D u uREyfk w
f EYkd idk if H &Sd
a&S;a[mif;taqmufttkHrsm;
\ tem*wftvm;tvm? urm
ausmf Wild Swans pmtkyfukd

pmayyGJawmfwGifa&mif;csaeonfh t*Fvdyfbmomjzifha&;om;xkwfa0xm;aom pmtkyfrsm;

a&;om;ol pma&;q&mr *secf se;f


u olr rnfuJhokdY pma&;q&m
jzpfvmykH? pma&;q&mr qk'oQ
u jynf y a&muf o D a ygbk & if
[ T h e K i n g ( T h i ba w ) i n

wdkYtm; a[majymaqG;
aEG;cJhMuNyD; tjcm;pma&;q&m
rsm;uvnf; if;wkyYd g0ifonfh t
cef;u@toD;oD;wGif a[m
ajymcJhMuonf/

Exile]

azazmf0g&D 2 &uf yJGawmf


'kwd,aeYwGif a':atmifqef;
pkMunf? *sefcsef;? urmausmfpm
ayynm&Sif Apfu&rfqwfof?
0DvD,H'&rf;yJvJwdkYu if;wkdYt
BudKufqkH;jzpfaom uAsm? pum;
ajyrsm;taMumif; ajymqdkaqG;
aEG;cJhMuonf/
tqkdyg yJGwGif a':atmif
qef;pkMunfu jrefrmEkdifiH\

"mwfykH-ausmfZifoef;

pmay,Ofaus;rIESifh ywfouf
yGiv
hf if;jrifomrI&adS om vlt
Y
zJUG tpnf;qDoYkd avQmufvrS ;f ae
aom jrefrmEkdifiHwGif pmaypd
ppfa&; y,fzsufNyD;aemufydkif;
vlwkdif;u pmayudk ydkrdka&;om;
xk w f a 0vmMuonf [ k ajym
onf/
]]pmayaygif;pkHeJY tjcm;t
awG;tac: aygif;pkt
H jyif urm

rSm jzpfysufaewmudk ydkNyD;jrif


awGUvmEkid zf Ykd 'Dvykd aGJ wmfrsK;d vkyf
wm aumif;ygw,f}} [k &efukef
wuodkvf pmMunfhwkdufESifh ok
awoerSL;tjzpf aqmif&GufcJh
ol q&mOD;aomfaumif;u ajym
onf/
]]'D v d k usif ; yay;wmud k
wu,fauseyfygw,f/ 'gayrJh
vm&wJ h a e&mu tqif r ajy
bl;/ wupDiSm;pD;vm&w,f/
oGm;a&; vma&;vG,fulwJh ae
&mrSm usif;yay;&if 'Dxuft
rsm;BuD ; yd k p nf E k d i f w ,f } }[k yJ G
awmfodkYvma&mufavhvmol
'kwd,ESpf wuodkvfausmif;
om;wpfOD;u ajymonf/
tqkdyg yJGawmfwGif EkdifiH
wumESihf jrefrmpmtkyrf sm;tm;
txl ; avQmh a ps;jzif h a&mif ; cs
ay;jcif;? jrefrmhkd;&m kyfao;t
ujzifh azsmfajzjcif;? trSwfw&
ypnf;rsm; a&mif;csay;jcif;ESifh
a':vmwpf a xmif q k c sD ; jr i f h
rnfh t*Fvdyf? jrefrmpmpDpmukH;
NydKifyJGudkvnf; jyKvkyfcJhonf/

wefz;kd enf;tdr&f mpDruH ed ;f tajccHvwl ef;pm;rsm;vdtk yfcsuEf iS fh wpfxyfwnf;rus


wpfcef;vQif usyf185 odef;rS odef; 200 Mum; &Sdrnf[kqdk
jynford ;f ? atmifo&l ? xGe;f cdik f
&efukef? azazmf0g&D-4
EdkifiHawmftpdk;&u OD;aqmif
taumiftxnfazmfaeonhf
wefzdk;enf;tdrf&mrsm;jzpfaom
{&m0PfESihf &wemtdrf&mpDrH
udef;wdkYrSm tajccHvlwef;pm;
rsm;vdktyfcsuftajctaeESihf
wpfxyfwnf;rusaMumif; uRr;f
usifolrsm;u oHk;oyfonf/
'*Hkqdyfurf;NrKdUe,f t
aumiftxnfazmfaeaom t
qdyk gpDru
H ed ;f wGif wdu
k cf ef;aygif;
wpfaomif;udk;axmifausmf yg
0ifNyD; wdkufcef;wpfcef;\ wef
zd;k rSm usyf 185 ode;f rS ode;f 200
Mum; a&mif;csrnfjzpfaMumif;
orwHk;0efBuD; (3) jynfaxmif
pk0efBuD; OD;pdk;odef;u ajymMum;
onf/
]]'DpDrHudef;jzpfvmwm pif
umylu t&if0efBu;D csKyaf [mif;

rpwm*dak csmufawmifu 'gav;


vkyfzdkY tBuHjyKw,f/ uReaf wmf
vnf; pifumyluo
kd mG ;Ny;D avhvm
w,f}}[k OD;pdk;odef;uqdkonf/
tajccHvlwef;pm;rsm;t
wGuf arQmfvifhcsufwpfcktjzpf
wefzdk;enf;tdrf&mrsm;udk EdkifiH
awmfu OD;aqmiftaumift
xnfazmfay;rIudk BuKdqdkcJhaomf
vnf; wdkufcef;wpfcef;\ aps;
EIef;yrmPrSm omrefvlrsm;
0,f,lEdkifjcif;ESihf uif;a0;ae
aMumif; r@KdiftdrfNcHajrtusKd;
aqmif ukrP
D refae*si;f 'gdu
k f
wm OD;oef;OD;uqdkonf/
]]wefzdk;enf;tdrf&mav;
arQmfrdjyefawmhvnf; a&Tjynf
awmfarQmfwkdif;a0;qdkovdk jzpf
oGm;NyD}} [k tdrf&Sifr trsKd;orD;
wpfOD;u tdrfaps;EIef;rsm;Mum;
NyD; pdwfuspum;qkdonf/
]]"mwfavSum;rygwJh wdu
k f

cef;u aps;taygqHk;yJ/ "mwf


avSum;eJYqdk wefzdk;enf;rjzpf
Edik af wmhb;l }}[kNrKUd jywnfaqmuf
a&;ynm&Sifa'gufwmausmv
f wf
uqdkonf/
,ck pDru
H ed ;f tdr&f mrsm;rSm
18 xyfjriho
f nhftaqmufttkH
jzpfNy;D jyKjyifxed ;f odr;f a&; p&dwf
Bu;D rm;ojzihf wefz;kd enf;tdr&f m
rjzpfEikd af Mumif; {'ifaqmufvyk f
a&;ukrPDrS Ou| OD;cspfcdkifu
vnf; axmufjyajymqdkonf/

]]pifumylu vlwpfOD;&JU
0ifaiGeJY 'DuvlawG&JU 0ifaiGudk
,SOfMunhfoihfw,f}} [k Three
Friend aqmufvkyfa&; ukrPD
rS taxG a xG r ef a e*sm ud k u d k
av;u qdkonf/
wefzkd;enf;acgif;pOfwyf
NyD; tdrf&mwdkufcef;rsm;udk usyf
ode;f 100 txuf ra&mif;oihf
aMumif; tdrfNcHajrtusKd;aqmif

7 Day News *sme,fwGif wm0efxrf;aqmif&ef tcGifhta&;


rsm;uvnf; ajymqdkMuonf/
vuf&Sd a&mif;csrnfh usyfodef;
180? odef; 200 aps;EIef;rsm;rSm
&ef ukeNf rKUd wGi;f wdu
k cf ef;rsm;aps;
yif jzpfaeonf/
yk*v
u
d rS wnfaqmufae
aom wef z d k ; enf ; td r f & mrsm;
teuf ,kZeO,smOfNrKdUawmf
3 vTmudk usyfodef; 50 0ef;usif?
vIdifom,mNrKdUe,f usefppfom;
tdrf&mwGif odef; 60 0ef;usif
&SdaMumif; tusKd;aqmifrsm;u
&Sif;jyonf/
xdkYtjyif ,ck pDrHudef;rSm
&efukefNrKdUwGif;ESihf a0;uGmo
jzihf o,f,lydkYaqmifa&;? quf
oG , f a &; tajccH v d k t yf c suf
rsm;jzpfonfh a&aumif;a&oefY
&&Sda&;? vQyfppfrD; rSefrSef&&Sda&;
wdkYrSm t"dupdefac:csufjzpfae
aMumif; uRrf;usifolrsm;u oHk;
oyfaeMuonf/

OD;Ekdifarmifwkd;u ajymonf/
rGefjynfe,foHjzLZ&yfNrKdU
wGif ,if;jywkduftm;jyefvnf
zGiv
hf pS Ef idk &f eftwGu*f syefacwf
tokH;taqmifrsm;? "mwfykH? t
axmuf t xm;rS w f w rf ; rsm;
ud0k ,f,rl nfjzpfNy;D vSL'gef;aom

ypnf;rsm;ukdvnf; vufcHrnf
jzpfonf/
]]ppf&JUtedXmk u
H dk jycsiv
f kdY
orkid ;f taxmuftxm;taeeJY
jyorSmyg}} [k OD;Ekdifarmifwkd;u
ajymonf/
,ck t cg jywk d u f w nf

2/ Layout Designer
Adobe Indesign, Adobe

(5)OD;(usm;^r)

Photoshop, Adobe
Acrobat, Adobe Illustrator, Newspaper Layout
Design udk aumif;rGefpGmem;vnfwwfuRrf;&rnfjzpf

NyD; 'DZdkif;tjrif&Sd&rnf/ aeY? n ra&G; wm0efxrf;aqmif


Ekdif&rnf/

3/ bmomjyef
(5)OD;(usm;^r)
t*FvdyfbmomrS jrefrmbmomodkY? jrefrmbmomrS
t*FvdyfbmomodkY uRrf;usifpGmjyefqdkEdkifol? pmta&;
tom;aumif;rGefol? rD'D,mvkyfief;udk pdwfyg0ifpm;NyD;
EdkifiHwuma&;&mrsm; txl;pdwf0ifpm;olrsm; avQmuf
xm;Edkifygonf/

rSwfcsuf - trSwfpOf(1)-(2) avQmufxm;olrsm;onf touf 30atmufjzpf&rnf/

oHjzLZ&yfwGif aorif;wref&xm;vrf;jywkduf jyefvnfzGihfEkdif&ef pDpOf


ckdifckdifpkd;? &Jaemif
&efukef? azazmf0g&D -4
aorif;wref&xm;vrf;jywku
d f
tm;jyefvnfzGifhvSpfEkdif&ef rGef
trsK;d om;ykid f wvrGeu
f rk P
u
D
*syefacwfypnf;rsm;udk pwifpk
aqmif;aeNy[
D k ,if;ukrP
OD uX

1/ owif;t,f'Dwm
(usm;^r)
owif;ESihf aqmif;yg;rsm;\ t&nftaoG;udk aumif;pGm
tuJjzwfEdkifNyD; uRrf;usifpGmwnf;jzwfEdkifol? jynfwGif;?
jynfya&;&mrsm; txl;ESHYpyfol? pmta&;tom; aumif;
rGefol? t*Fvdyfbmompum; uRrf;usifwwfajrmufol?
owif;rD',
D mvkyif ef;wGio
f m &moufyef vkyu
f ikd v
f o
kd l
rsm;avQmufxm;Edik o
f nf/ tawGUtBuK&H o
dS rl sm;udk OD;pm;
ay;rnfjzpfNy;D ,ck&mxl;twGuf ,kMH unfr&I adS om tawGU
tBuKHenf;olrsm;vnf; avQmufxm;Edkifygonf/

aqmuf&ef pnfyifom,mxHciG hf
jyKrdefYwifxm;NyD; cGifhjyKrdefY&&Sdyg
utjrefq;Hk aqmufvyk o
f mG ;rnf
jzpf&m Ny;D pD;rnh&f ufudk rltwdt
usrajymEkid af o;[ktqkyd gukrP
D
wm0ef&o
dS x
l rH S owif;&&So
d nf/
pm(30)okdY

avQmufxm;vdkolrsm; udk,fa&;&mZ0ifESihf "mwfyHk (1)yHk?


rSwfyHkwifrdwL? tvkyform; rSwfyHkwifrdwL? ynmt&nft
csi;f ? vkyif ef;tawGUtBuKH taxmuftxm;rdwL wdEYk iS t
fh wl
(14.2.13) &ufaeY aemufq;kH xm; atmufygvdypf modYk vm
a&mufavQmufxm;Edkifygonf/
Diamond Centre (G-12) ajrnDxyf?

wdkuf(B)? trSwf(497)?
jynfvrf;? (8)&yfuGuf? urm&GwfNrdKUe,f? &efukefNrdKU/

Home

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

yifv,fa&rsufESmjyifylaEG;rIaMumihf tcsdeftcgr[kwf rdk;&Gm


rdk;nKd? atmifopfvGif
&efukef? Zefe0g&D -30
&efukefNrKdUtygt0if jynfe,f
ESihf wdkif;a'oBuD;tcsKdU Zefe
0g&D 30 &ufu tcsdeftcgr
[kwf rdk;&GmoGef;cJhjcif;rSm uyvD
yif v ,f j yif E S i h f b*F v m;yif
v,fatmf&Sd yifv,fa&rsufESm
jyif ylaEG;vmrIwdkYaMumifhjzpf
aMumif; rdk;av0oESihf ZvaA'
TefMum;rI OD;pD;XmerS 'kwd,
TefMum;a&;rSL; OD;cspfausmfu
ajymonf/
xdkodkY yifv,fa&rsufESm
jyif ylaEG;vmjcif;aMumifh b*F
vm;yifv,fatmfEiS fh uyvyD if

v,fjyifwdkYwGif yHkrSefr[kwf
aom a&aiGUysHrIrsm;rS a&aiGU
rsm;onf awmifbufrS ajrmuf
bufodkY a&GUvsm;um wdrfrsm;
jzpfay:NyD; rdk;&GmoGef;jcif;jzpf
aMumif ; OD ; cspf a usmf u ajym
onf/
]]aejynfawmfrSm rd;k &Gmwm
vrf;rawGawmif a&ausmw
f ,f}}
[k tpk;d &0efxrf;wpfO;D u ajym
onf/
&efukef? yJcl;? rauG;? {&m0
wD? weoFm&Dwdkif;a'oBuD;wdkY
wGif vmrnhf av;&uftwGif;
tcsdeftcgr[kwf rdk;rsm;quf
vuf &GmoGe;f Edik af Mumif; rd;k ^Zv

u owif;xkwfjyefonf/
,if;uJhodkY tcsdeftcgr
[kwf rdk;&GmoGef;rIrsm;aMumifh
jynfe,fEiS w
fh ikd ;f a'oBu;D toD;
oD;&Sd pdkufysKd;NyD; &dwfodrf;rnhf
oD;ESHrsm; ysufpD;EdkifNyD; pdkufysKd;
&efvsmxm;aom oD;ESHrsm;t
wGufrl vdktyfaom a&tvHk
tavmuf &&SdEdkifaMumif;? {&m
0wDwdkif;a'oBuD; twGif;&Sd
qm;uGif;rsm;twGif; a&0if
a&mufEdkifNyD; qm;tiefavsmh
usEdkifum aps;uGufudk xdcdkuf
EdkifaMumif; rdk;^ZvXmerS 'kwd
, TefMum;a&;rSL;u today;
ajymMum;onf/

&efukefNrdKUtygt0if jynfe,fESifh wdkif;a'oBuD;tcsdKUwGif Zefe0g&D 30 &ufu


tcsdeftcgr[kwf rdk;&GmoGef;cJhNyD; aejynfawmf tqdkygrdk;aMumifh vrf;rtcsdKUyif a&ausmfcJhonf/

xdkodkY tcsdeftcgr[kwf rdk;


&GmoGef;NyD;ygu jrLESif;rsm; jyef
vnf usqif;EdkifNyD; aqmif;&m
oD taiGUtoufukd jyefvnf&&Sd

EdkifaMumif; OD;cspfausmfu ajym


onf/ &ufaygif; 92 &uftwGi;f
rd k ; xyf r H & G m oG e f ; Ed k i f N yD ; avzd
tm;enf;&yf0ef; rjzpfay:bJ

"mwfykH-ausmfZifoef;

vmrnhf azazmf0g&Dva&mufrS
om avzdtm;enf;&yf0ef;wpf
ck jzpfay:EdkifaMumif; aejynf
awmf rd;k ^Zvu cefrY eS ;f xm;onf/

Nidrf;csrf;a&;vrf;avQmuftzJGUwGifyg0ifcJhonhf jyifopfEdkifiHom;tm; oHHk;odkY vJTay;


atmifcdkif
&efukef?
Zefe0g&D -30
ppfyJGrsm; &yfqdkif;&ef ucsif
jynfe,f vdik Zf modYk vrf;avSsmuf
olrsm;ESihftwl yg0ifcJhonhf
jyifopfEdkifiHom; wpfOD;tm;
jyifopfoHHk;odkY jyefvnf vJT
ajymif;ay;vdkufNyDjzpfaMumif;
Edik if aH wmf orw ajyma&;qdck iG hf

&Sdol OD;&JxG#fu ajymonf/


]]&efuek f v0u uwpfqihf
oHHk;udk vJTvdkufNyD/ jynfESif'Pf
vnf;ray;ygbl;/ Black List
vnf; ray;ygbl;}} [k OD;&Jx#G u
f
ajymMum;onf/
vrf;avQmuforl sm;xJwiG f
EdkifiHjcm;om;wpfOD; yg0ifae
onfqdk ac:,lppfaq;&m
,if;EdkifiHjcm;om;rSm dk;dk;c&D;

oGm;ADZm (Tourist Visa)ESihf


vma&mufjcif;jzpfonft
h wGuf
&ef u k e f N rKd U od k Y j yef a c:vmum
oHHk;odkY vJTajymif;ay;&jcif; jzpf
aMumif; OD;&JxG#fu qufvuf
ajymMum;onf/
if;udk awmifilta&muf
wGif oufqikd &f mu &efuek Nf rKUd odYk
jyefvnf ac:aqmifvmNyD;
aemufqufwGJ ta&;,lrt
I ydik ;f

udkrl rod&ao;aMumif; jyifopf


oH;kH ajymcGi&hf yk*K v
d u
f twnf
jyK ajymMum;onf/
vrf ; avQmuf a eol r sm;
tzJGUrS udkZifudkudku oufqkdif
&mu ac:oGm;jcif;cH&onhf t
qdkyg EdkifiHjcm;om;ESihf ywfouf
,ckuJhodkY rSwfcsufjyKonf/
]]emrnfurpwm c&pwdk
zmyg/ dk;dk;wdk;&pf wpfa,muf

ygyJ/ uRJyJGuae vdkufvmwm/


Nidrf;csrf;a&;udk tm;ay;w,f/
pdwf0ifpm;w,fqdkNyD; vdkufvm
wmyg/ 'DaeY reufu awmifil
tarhtdrf[dkw,frSm v0ueJY &J
awGvmac:oGm;wm}}[kqo
kd nf/
ucsifppfyJGrsm; &yfqdkif;
Nidrf;csrf;a&;tjref&&Sd&ef qE
xkwfazmfvrf;avSsmufolrsm;
tzJGUwGif oHCmawmfrsm;ESihf

trsKd;orD;rsm;tygt0if tzJGU
0if 30 ausmfyg0ifum Zefe0g&D
v 21 &ufrSpwif &efukefNrKdU
rS xGufcGmvmcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
,if;tzJUG onf azazmf0g&D2&uf
nykid ;f wGif wyfuek ;f NrKd Ue,fteD;
aZ,smoD&dNrdKUe,f anmifMo
aus;&GmokaYd &muf&adS eNy[
D k xyfrH
owif;&&Sdonf/

Home

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

OD;qef;qifh vTwfawmfOu|wm0efom xrf;aqmifapvdkaMumif; {&m0wDa'ocHrsm; qEjyK


rif;[def;ausmf? xGef;cdkif
&efukef?
Zefe0g&D -28
omoema&;0efBuD;Xme jynf
axmifpk0efBuD;tjzpf cefYtyf
&ef vsmxm;cH&aom OD;qef;qihf
tm; rlvwm0efjzpfonhf {&m
0wDwdkif;a'oBuD; vTwfawmf
Ou|tjzpfom qufvufcefY
xm;ay;&ef jynforl sm;\ qEjyK
vuf r S w f r sm;ud k aumuf c H c J h
onf/ xdo
k aYkd umufc&H mwGif ESpf
&uftwGi;f vufrw
S f 8000 cefY
&&Sad eNyjD zpfaMumif; tqdyk g udp
udk OD;pD;aqmif&Gufaeol vlYt
cGifhta&; apmihfMunhfumuG,f
a&; uGe&f ufrS udx
k eG ;f xGe;f OD;u
ajymonf/
]]raeYu pNyD; qEjyKvuf
rSwfaumufcHaewm 'DaeYtxd
vufrSwf 8000 ausmfavmuf
&aeNyD/ qufNyD; vmzdYv
k nf; &Sdyg
ao;w,f/ wkdif;wpfwdkif;vHk;
twdkif;twmeJY aqmif&Gufae
ygw,f/ &orQvufrSwfawGudk
orwHk;udk zuf(pf) eJY ydkYaeyg
w,f}} [k udkxGef;xGef;OD;u qdk
onf/

,ck aumuf c H x m;aom


vufrSwfrsm;rSm aiGaqmifNrKdU
e,fcJG? iykawmNrKdUe,f? 'g;u
wdkufe,f? ykodrfNrKdUay:&Sd &yf
uGufrsm;? usHKaysmf? ausmif;ukef;
NrKdUe,frsm;&Sd jynfolrsm;u pk
aygif ; vuf r S w f a &;xd k ; wif j y
jcif; jzpfNy;D wdik ;f twGi;f &Sd tjcm;
NrKdUe,frsm;uvnf; qEjyKvuf
rS w f r sm; quf v uf a y;yd k Y a e
aMumif; if;u ajymonf/
OD;qef;qihfonf {&m0wD
wdkif;a'oBuD;twGif;&Sd jynfol
rsm;\ tusKd;pD;yGm;udk umuG,f
ay;Edik o
f jl zpfNy;D jyemwpf&yf
jzpfymG ;vmvQif jynforl sm; buf
rS o m &yf w nf o l j zpf jynf
axmifp0k efBu;D tjzpf ajymif;a&TU
cefYtyfjcif;rjyK&ef qEjyK&jcif;
jzpfaMumif; {&m0wDwdkif; a'o
Bu;D \a'ocHtcsKUd u ajymonf/

]]uRefawmfwdkY vTwfawmf
[m Ou|BuD;&JU OD;aqmifrIeJY 2
ESpftwGif; awmfawmfudk c&D;
aygufaeNyD; jynfolvlxk&JU t
usK;d udk wwfprG ;f orQxrf;aqmif
Ed k i f c J h y gw,f / ol r &S d a wmh & if
uRefawmfwdkY wdkif;vTwfawmft

wG u f qH k ; I H ; rI a wG j zpf v mNyD ;
vTwfawmftm;enf;oGm;Edkifyg
w,f}} [k wkdif;a'oBuD;vTwf
awmf ud,
k pf m;vS,w
f pfO;D jzpfol
OD;xdefvif;u ajymonf/
wdkif;a'oBuD;vTwfawmf
OD;qef;qihfuvnf; ,ck udp
&yfonf rdru
d a&G;cs,x
f m;onhf
udpr [kwb
f J jynforl sm;\ qE

oabmxm;twdkif;om aqmif
&GufrnfjzpfaMumif;? rdrdtm;
jynfolvlxku a&G;aumufwif
ajrm ufxm;ojzihf jynforl sm;u
vTwaf wmfOu|tjzpfom quf
vufwnf&adS pvdv
k QifvTwaf wmf
Ou|tjzpfom wnf&EdS ikd af tmif
aqmif&u
G rf nfjzpfaMumif; ajym
Mum;onf/

vufoD;qkyfcefY&Sd rdk;oD;rsm;a<uusrIaMumifh bm;tHNrKdUwpfzufurf; &GmESpf&Gm&Sdaetdfrfrsm;ysufpD;


atmifopfvGif
&efukef?
azazmf0g&D-3
avjyif;rkefwdkif; wdkufcwfNyD;
vufoD;qkyfcefY&Sdaom rdk;oD;
rsm; a<uusysufpD;cJh&NyD; &dwf
odr;f umeD; v,fajr{ursm;pGm
ysufpD;qHk;IH;cJh&aMumif; bm;tH
rdk;ZvrS owif;&&Sdonf/
Zefe0g&D 31 &uf eHeufyikd ;f
u tcsed t
f cgr[kwf &Gmaom rd;k
aMumifh bm;tHNrKdUwpfzufurf;
aumhrSL;oD;aus;&GmwGif aetdrf
tvHk;av;q,fcefYESihf aus;&Gm
rlvwef;ausmif; NyKdusysufpD;cJh
&NyD; *dk0aus;&GmwGifvnf; &GmOD;
bkef;BuD;ausmif;ay:odkY &mbm

yifrsm; vJNyKd&mrS ysufpD;rIrsm;


&SdcJhonf/ xdkYjyif &dwfodrf;cgeD;
pyg;cif;rsm;ay:odkY rdk;oD;rsm;
a<uusjcif ; aMumif h tqd k y g
a'owpf0dkuf&Sd v,fajr{u
rsm;pGm ysufpD;cJh&aMumif;od&
onf/
]]em&D0ufavmufyJ Mum
vdkufygw,f/ usvmwJh rdk;oD;
awGu vufoD;qkyfavmufudk
BuD;wm/ pyg;awGu &dwo
f rd ;f cg
eD;qdak wmh ESajrmzdYk aumif;w,f
Asm}} [k aumhrSL;oD;aus;&GmrS
a'ocHwpfOD;u ajymonf/
ysufpD;qHk;IH;rIpm&if;rsm;
ESihf u,fq,fa&;vkyfief;rsm;
rnfodkYvkyfaqmifrnf qdkonf

udk jynfe,f0efBuD;csKyfESihf aqG;


aEG ; n d E I d i f ; aeqJ j zpf o nh f t
wGuf owif;xkwfjyefEdkifjcif;
r&Sdao;aMumif; bm;tHNrKdUe,f
tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;Hk;rS taMumif;
jyefonf/
xl;jcm;aom &moDOwkjzpf
pOftaejzihf bm;tHNrKdUwGif rdk;
oD;rsm; a<uusonftxd av
jyif; wdkufcwfaecsdefwGif ,if;
NrKUd ESihf av;q,fhig;rdkifcefYom
uGma0;aom armfvNrKdifNrKdUwGif
qD;ESi;f rsm;xlxyfpmG usqif;ae
aomaMumifh wpfcsdefwnf;wGif
qefYusifbuf &moDOwkjzpfpOf
jzpfaeNyD; rdk;av0o Xmetae
jzihf jynfwGif;&moDOwk xl;jcm;

rItajctaeudk apmihfMunhfae
aMumif; rdk;Zv vufaxmuf
TefMum;a&;rSL; OD;ausmfvGif&D
u ajymonf/
rdk;oD;rsm; a<uusonf t
xd rdk;&Gmjcif;onf avxkpkdxkdif;
q tvGefjrihfrm;jcif;aMumifh
jzpfonf/
]]awmif w k w f y if v ,f
bufu 0ifvmwJh avylawGeJY
tdEd,bufu 0ifvmwJh av
at;awG awGUqHNk y;D avxk rNird f
rouf j zpf w muae tck v d k
&moDOwk jzpfpOfrsKd; BuHKawGUcJh
&wmyg}} [k if;u qufvuf
ajymonf/

Home

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

2013 azazmf0g&D6rS12&ufxd
rdk;av0oESihf ZvaA'cefYrSef;csuf
b*Fvm;yifv,fatmf tajctae
b*Fvm;yifv,fatmfeJY awmifwkwfyifv,fjyifrSm
rkefwdkif;jzpfEdkifajcr&Sdao;yg/ b*Fvm;yifv,fatmfta&SU
awmifydkif;wGif avxkrNidrfroufjzpfEdkifNyD; wdrftoifh
twifh jzpfxGef;Edkifygw,f/ uyvDyifv,fjyifwdkYwGif
wdrftenf;i,f jzpfxGef;EdkifNyD; usefa'orsm;wGif trsm;
tm;jzifh om,mEdkifygw,f/
jrefrmhyifv,fjyiftajctae
&cdkif? rGef-weoFm&D urf;dk;wef;ESifhurf;vGefyifv,f
jyifwdkYwGif vdIif;tenf;i,fom &SdEdkifNyD; vdIif;tjrifh 1 ay
cefY &SdEdkifygw,f/ jrpf0uRef;ay:? urf;dk;wef;eJU urf;vGef
a'orsm;wGif vdIif;toifhtwifh &SdEdkifNyD; vdIif;tjrifh 2 ayrS
3 ay cefY&SdEdkifygw,f/
rdk;&GmoGef;EdkifrIcefUrSef;csuf
&Srf;jynfe,f? yJcl;wdkif;? &efukefwdkif;? {&m0wDwdkif;?
u&ifjynfe,f? rGejf ynfe,feYJ weoFm&Dwikd ;f wdUk wGif (1)&uf
cefY? ucsifjynfe,fwGif (2)&ufcefY ae&muGufusm; rdk;xpf
csKef;&GmEdkif/ &Gm&ef 50 &mcdkifEIef;&Sd/ usefwpfjynfvHk;wGif
om,myghr,f/
rdk;wdrfawmifrsm; jzpfay:EdkifrItajctae
rd;k wdraf wmifjzpf&ef tvm;tvm &Sr;f jynfe,fwiG f 30
&mckdifEIef;cefY? weoFm&Dwdkif;awmifydkif;wGif 20 &mcdkifEIef;
&SdEdkif/ usefa'orsm;wGif tvm;tvmr&SdEdkifyg/
ntylcsdefrsm;
jrefrmEdkifiHtxufydkif;a'orsm;qDodkY ta&SUajrmuf
avat;rsm;wdk;0ifrIrsm;pGm avsmhenf;oGm;EdkifNyD; wpfjynf
vH k ; wG i f tat;aygh E d k i f y gw,f / ntyl c sd e f r sm;taeeJ Y
csif;jynfe,feJU &Srf;jynfe,fwdkUwGif 9 'D*&D pifwD*&dwf ?
ucsifjynfe,f? ppfudkif;wdkif;txufydkif;? u,m;jynfe,f?
aejynfawmfwdkif;? rEav;wdkif;? ppfudkif;wdkif;atmufydkif;?
&cdkifjynfe,f 11-15 'D*&D pifwD*&dwf? u&ifjynfe,f
eJY&efukefwdkif;wdkUrSm 16-19 'D*&DpifwD*&dwfeJY {&m0wD
wdik ;f ? rGejf ynfe,feYJ weoFm&Dwikd ;f wdrYk mS 20 'D*&Dpifw*D &dwf
&SdEdkifygw,f/
aeYtyltcsdefrsm;
wpfjynfvHk;wGif aeYtylcsdefrsm; jzpfNrJxuf ydkrdkjrifh
wufaeEdkif/ txl;ojzifh {&m0wDwdk if;? &efukefw dkif;?
&Srf;jynfe,fta&SUydkif;? u&ifjynfe,feJY rGefjynfe,fwdkU
wGif aeYtyl&edS rf sm; odoo
d mom jrifw
h ufEikd /f usew
f pfjynf
vHk;wGif aeYtylcsdefrsm; tenf;i,f jrifhwufEdkif/
jrLusqif;EdkifrItajctae
&cdkifjynfe,f? csif;jynfe,f? ucsifjynfe,f? &Srf;jynf
e,f? u,m;jynfe,f? u&ifjynfe,f? rGefjynfe,f? &efukef
wdkif;wdkYrSm eHeufydkif; tcsdefcgrsm;rSm jrLrsm; qufvuf
usqif;Edkifygw,f/
awmifwkwfyifv,fjyiftajctae
awmifwkwyf ifv,fjyiftwGi;f wGif avxkrNird rf ouf
a'gufwmxGef;vGif
jzpfvmEdkifygw,f/

"mwfykH-a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

,kHMunftyfESHjcif;uwdpmcsKyfrsm;u w&m;kH;rsm; t"duoufaojzpfonf

&efukefqifajczkH; w&m;kH;rsm;wGif NrD&Sif? NrDpm; trIrsm;jym;


oG,foG,fvif;? tdrGefausmf
&efukef? Zefe0g&D-30
&efuek f e,ferd w
d t
f wGi;f tajc
cHvlwef;pm;rsm;trsm;pkonf
qifajczkH;NrdKUe,frsm;&Sd w&m;kH;
rsm;wGif NrD&SifESifh NrDpm;wdkYMum;
,kMH unftyfEaHS zmufzsurf ?I vdrf
vnfrIwdkYjzifh w&m;pJGqdkrIrsm;
ydkrsm;vmaMumif; ,if;NrdKUe,f
rsm;&Sd a&SUaersm;xHrS pkpH rf;od&&dS
onf/
w&m;r0if aiGwkd;acs;ol
rsm;ESifh aiGacs;olrsm;tMum;
jzpfay:aeaom ,kHMunftyfESH
azmufzsufrIESifh vdrfvnfrIrsm;
rSm vIid o
f m,m? '*kNH rKd Uopfajrmuf
ydkif;? a&T j ynf o mtp&S d o nf h
qifajczkH;NrdKUe,frsm;&Sd w&m;kH;
rsm; aeYpOfajz&Si;f ae&Ny;D w&m;
pJGqkdrIay: rlwnf wpfESpfrS
ckepfESpftxd axmif'Pfus

Ekid u
f m trsm;pkrmS nEd idI ;f ajz&Si;f
tqif a jyoG m ;MuaMumif ;
,if;NrdKUe,f&Sd a&SUaersm;u qdk
onf/

aiGwdk;acs;olrsm;u t
vGwpf mcsKy?f ,kMH unftyfEpHS mcsKy?f
aiGacs;aiGiSm; pmcsKyftygt0if
Avmpmtkyrf sm;ay:wGif aiGacs;
olrsm;tm; 0efcu
H wdvufrw
S f
xk;d apNy;D aiGacs;iSm;jcif;jzpfonf
[k wmarGNrKd Ue,f ausmufajrmif;
rSaiGwkd;acs;olwpfOD;u ajym
onf/
aiGw;kd acs;olrsm;u aiG&vdk
pJGqdkonfh w&m;rrI&SdNyD; ,kH
Munf t yf E S H a zmuf z suf r I E S i f h
vdrfvnfrIwdkYjzifh pJGqdkrIydkrsm;
aeNyD; w&m;kH; oufaockdif
cdkifrmrm jyEkdifonfhbufu Ekdif
onf[k a&SUaeOD;cifaZmf (r&rf;

ukef;)uajymonf/
]]w&m;rrIu w&m;&if
qkdif&if tedrfhqkH; wpfESpfausmf
2ESpfMumawmh aiG&SifawGu
w&m;rrIpJGzdkYwGefYMuw,f/ 'g
aMumifh vdrfvnfrIwdkY? ,kHMunf
tyfESHazmufzsufrIwdkYeJY pJGwm
rsm;w,f}} [k a&SUaewpfOD;u
ajymonf/
t&if;jyefvnf rqyfEkdif
ao;ojzifhtwd;k rsm;aeYpOfay;acs
&aom rl;wd;k ? rwfw;kd rsm;? twd;k
t&if; ESpfckaygif;udk wpfvwm
&ufaygif;jzifh pm;NyD;&&Sdaom
aiGyrmPudkaeYpOfay;acs&aom
aeYjyefwdk;? 12 &uf tjywfay;
acs&aom 12 &ufjywfw;dk ponfh
acs;aiG ykpH rH sm;jzifh 20 &mckid Ef eI ;f ?
10 &mcdkifEIef; twdk;rsm;jzifh
xkwaf cs;Muavh&o
dS nf/ wd;k &if;
aygif ; rsm;vmum aiG a cs;ol
rsm; jyefrqyfEkdif &yfuGufkH;rS
wpfqifh w&m;kH;odkY wkdifMum;
onf[k vIdifom,mNrdKUe,frS
aiGwdk;acs;pm;olwpfOD;u ajym
Mum;onf/
]]tckqdk&if twkd;ay;pm;
vd k Y jyemwuf & if ajz&S i f ;
ray;&bl;qdNk y;D txufu trdeYf
xkwfxm;w,f/ jyemjzpf&if
w&m;k;H udyk J vTw&f w,f}}[k &yf
uGuftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;wpfOD;u
ajymonf/
&yfuGuftwGif;&Sd tzJGUt
pnf;rsm;rS twdk;EIef;oufom
pGmjzifh tao;pm;acs;aiGrsm;

acs;ay;aeaomfvnf; qif;&J
EGrf;yg;olrsm; vufxJ wdkufdkuf
ra&mufbJ eD;pyf&m aqGrsKd;rsm;
om acs;,laeMuNyD; aiGwdk;acs;
pm;ol tcsKdUuvnf; pm&Guft
vGwf? pmcsKyftvGwfay:wGif
aiGacs;oludk vufrSwfxdk;ckdif;
um rwefwq twdk;EIef;jzifh
wGufcsufNyD; jyefqyfcdkif;onf
[k vIdifom,mNrdKUe,frS w&m;
&ifqkdifaeaom aiGacs;olwpf
OD;u ajymonf/

vkdifpifrJh aiGwdk;acs;ol
rsm;tm; ta&;,lEkdifonfh Oy
a'oyk'fr 57 t& aiG'Pfjzpf
ap? ig;ESpfxuf rydkaom axmif
'Pfjzpfap? 'PfESpf&yfvkH;jzpf
ap csrSwfEkdifonf[k 2012 Mo
*kwfv 17 &ufwGifusif;yaom
vTwfawmftpnf;ta0; aqG;
aEG;cJhNyD;aemuf aiGwdk;acs;ol
rsm;rSm ,kMH unftyfEHS pmcsKyrf sm;?
tvGwfpmcsKyfrsm;jzifhom aiG
acs;rIrsm; jyKvyk v
f mNy;D jyefrqyf
Ekid af om aiGacs;olrsm;tm; w&m;
kH;rsm;wGif ,kHMunftyfESHrIudk
azmufzsufonhf ykHpHESifh aiG&Sif
rsm;u oufaotckdiftrm jy
um w&m;pJGrIjyKvkyfvmonf
[k vIid o
f m,mw&m;k;H rS a&SUae
wpfOD;u ajymonf/
]]aiGacs;olawGuvnf; aiG
&vdkrI wpfckwnf;eJY tvG,fw
ul vufrSwfxkd;wm a&SmifMuOf
oifhw,f}} [k if;u ajymMum;
onf/

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

awGvnf;&Sdw,f}}[k vIdifom
,mNrdKUe,f tkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;Hk;rS
wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;uqkdonf/
vIdifom,mNrdKUe,fwGif t
aqmifrsm; aygrsm;vmNyD; tajc
cHvlwef;pm; xlxyfvmjcif; t
usdK;qufwpfckrSm aiGwdk;acs;
aom vkyif ef;rsm; wGiu
f s,v
f m
jcif;jzpfonf/
,cktcg tcef;cray;Ekdif
ygu usyfwpf&mvQif ESpfq,f?
oHk;q,f twdk;EIef;jzifh vcudk
pdkufay;xm;jcif;rsm;yif &Sdvm
onf/

ausmwpfcif;pmta&;...
atmifckdif?&efrsdK;Ekdif

wJwef;vsm;&Snaf y: wufvu
kd o
f nfEiS fh 0g;Murf;cif;rsm;u wuRu
D RD
jrnfoGm;\/ wpfaycGJomom 0g;Murf;cif;xm;onfh vloGm;vrf;
ab;wpfzufwpfcsufwGif ESpfa,muftdyfzsm ESpfcsyfpmom&Sdaom
tcef;i,fav;rsm;jzihf taqmifvkdif;cef;i,frsm;ukd twef;vkduf
zGJUpnf;xm;onf/
wpfcef;ESihfwpfcef;u cGJjcm;um&Hxm;onfh usdK;wdk;usJwJ 0g;
x&Hrsm;Mum;rS wpfzufcef;rS toufIoHukdyif Mum;Edkifonf/
vdIifom,mNrdKUe,f tqihf jrifh (5)&yfuGuf&Sd taqmifwpfckudk
jrifawGU&jcif;jzpfonf/
wef;vsm;wpfcw
k iG f tcef;
i,fav;rsm;zGJU iSm;&rf;avh&Sd
aom tqkdyg taqmifrsm;udk
vIdifom,mNrdKUe,fwGif &mESihfcsD
jrifawGUEkdifonf/ xkd zsmESpfcsyf
pm tcef;i,fav;rsm;u &ef
ukefqifajczHk;&yfuGufrsm;&Sd t
ajccHvlwef;pm;wpf&yftwGuf
em;cdk&m rdom;pk&dyfNrHKrsm;yif
jzpfonf/ xdkae&mrsm;u &ef
ukefNrdKUawmfBuD;wGif ausmwpf
cif;pm&zkdY vufvkyfvufpm;t
ajccHvw
l ef;pm;rsm;twGuf rnf
rQcufcJonfukd jyoaeonfh
jrifuGif;rsm;jzpfonf/
]]td r f o mavmuf t cef ;
av;awGudk wpfvudk usyfESpf
aomif;?okH;aomif;ay;NyD; ae&
w,f}}[k vdIifom,mNrdKUe,f&Sd
taqmif w pf c k w G i f aexk d i f
aom touf 30 t&G,f trsdK;
orD;wpfOD;uajymonf/
rdom;pkausmwpfcif;pm
ae&mudk iSm;&rf;&mwGif tdrfv
cukd vqef; 5 &ufxuf rausmf
vGefbJay;&ef? tdrf&Sifpdwft
aESmifht,Sufjzpfatmif rjyK
vkyf&ef? av;OD;xufydkrae&ef
ponf h pnf ; urf ; csuf r sm;ud k

vdkufem&onf/
wcsdKUtaqmifrsm;rSm u
av;ygvQif vufrcH/ pnf;urf;
csufwpfckudk azmufzsufygu
csufcsif; ESifxkwfcH&rnfjzpf
onf/ vukef tdrfvcray;
Ekid yf gu zsmESpcf sypf m toku
d t
f
NrHKav; aysmufuG,foGm;rnf
jzpfonf/
xkdYaMumihf olwdkY\ aeYpOf
tylu rajyvnfonfhMum;rS
tdrv
f cpkapmif;a&; (odrYk [kw)f
ausmwpfcif;pm aysmufroGm;
a&;jzpfonf/
]]0wfz?Ydk pm;zku
Yd kd pdwrf ul;&J
bl;/ ausmcsp&mae&mu ta&;
BuD;w,f/ wpfaxmif&&if ig;
&mudk aezdkYpkw,f/ ig;&mudkpm;
w,f}}[k touf 19 ESpft&G,f
tdrfaxmif&Sif rcsdK (trnfvTJ)
u vctwGuf pkaiGxnfhxm;
aom EkdYrIefYbl;udk vIyfjy&if;qdk
onf/ rcsKd uo
hJ Ydk taqmifae vl
wef;pm;rsm;rSm e,frS &efukefodkY
vma&muf txnfcsKyfpufHk?
aqmufvkyfa&;vkyfief;? aps;Hk?
yGJHkrsm;ESihf BuHK&musyef;tvkyf
rsm; vkyfukdifaeMuolrsm;jzpf
onf/

pm(30)okdY
xkdtcef;usOf;av;u xrif;pm;cef;vnf;jzpf? em;aecef;vnf;jzpf? tdyfcef;vnf;jzpfonf

tcef;coufomNy;D vay;
ay;acsEkdifjcif;wkdYaMumifh usyf
usyfwnf;wnf; qlqlnHnH&Sd
aomfvnf; vIdifom,mNrdKUe,f
&Sd tqdkyg taqmifrsm;ukd a&G;
cs,fcJhjcif;jzpfonf[k ajymMu
onf/
]]uRefrwdkY vifr,m;&,f?
tarESpfa,muf&,f? 'DvdkyJ rQ
wNyD; tdyf&wmaygh}}[k rcsdKu
t0wfyHkatmufrS a0gceJ xysH
oGm;aom jcifrsm;ukd vufjzifh
&rf;&if;u ajymonf/
xkt
Yd jyif vIid o
f m,monf
{&m0wDwkdif;rS &efukefwkdif;odkY
0if a yguf j zpf N yD ; 2008 ck E S p f
aemufykdif;wGif em*pfrkefwkdif;
'Pfoifh a'orsm;rS vma&muf
tajccsaexk d i f r I r sm;jym;vm
jcif;aMumihfvnf; vIdifom,m
wGif xkduJhodkY taqmifrsm; ydk
rsm;jym;vmjcif;jzpfonf/
wpf&ufvQif ysrf;rQ 2000
usyfcefYom&Sdaom 0ifaiGtae
txm;aMumihf olwt
Ykd aejzihf xkd
tcef;usOf;av;rsm;ukdom a&G;
cs,fp&mr&Sd aexkdif&jcif;jzpf
onf/
]]ESpfayrD;acsmif;u [kd

buftcef;wpf0uf? uRefawmf
wdkYu wpf0uf,lxm;wm/ wpf
acsmif;pm,lzdkY ydkufqHrwwfEdkif
bl;}}[k rcsdK\cifyGef; ukdrsdK;u
olwkdYtcuftcJudk ajymonf/
vQyfppfrD;u n 10 em&D
txdom ay;ojzihf aeYpOfBuHK
awG U ae&aom tcuf t cJ u d k
vnf; ]]tvkyfu rD;ydwfcsdefrS
jyefvmwmqdkawmh za,mif;
wkid x
f eG ;f Ny;D xrif;pm;&w,f}} [k
if;uqufvufajymjyonf/
xkdYtjyif tcsdKUtaqmif
rsm;wGif a&pD;a&vmraumif;
rGefojzihf a&0yfNyD; teHYtouf
qdk;rsm;xGufjcif;? vlOD;a&ESihf
tdrfomta&twGuf rrQwrI
rsm; BuHKawGUae&onf/ ouf
qkdif&mu tqkdyg taqmifrsm;
uk d ppf a q;ynmay;jcif ; rsm;
jyKvkyfay;aomfvnf; NrdKUe,f
pnfyifwGif w&m;0ifrSwfyHkwif
jcif; jyKvyk rf xm;aom ,ckuo
hJ Ykd
taqmifrsm;&Sdaejcif;aMumifh
t cuftcJBuKH awGUae&aMumif;
od& onf/
]]tcef ; av;cef ; uk d td r f
omwpfvHk; aqmufckdif;w,f/
raqmuf&if zsufckdif;w,f/ t

"mwfykH-ausmfZifoef;

aqmifqw
dk m rSwyf w
kH if&w,f/
tck r S w f y H k r wif w J h taqmif

0uftpyfqjD yef

'Dwpfywfawmh 0ufom;udk cyfpyfpyfcsux


f m;ygw,f/
omrefcsufaeusyHkpHrsKd;r[kwfbJ 0ufaygifom;udk t
wHk;ao;ao;av;awGwHk;NyD; csufxm;wmyg/
MuufoGefjzLeDeJY c&rf;csOfoD;udk qDowfNyD;rS 0uf
aygifom;twHk;av;awGudkxnfhNyD; cgwdkif;0ufom;
[if;csuo
f vdyk J csurf mS yg/ 0ufom;csuaf ewke;f rSm yDeH
ikwfoD;pdrf;udk axmif;xm;ygr,f/ c&rf;csOfoD;av;
awG vdyNf y;D 0ufom;av; El;tdomG ;Nyq
D &kd if ckeuaxmif;
xm;wJh ikwfoD;pdrf;udk tkyfvdkufyg/
ttDajy tpyfcsufav;rdkY ydkarT;oGm;atmif Muuf
oGefNrdwfav; xnfhtkyfvdkufyg/

10

Life

vli,frsm;
,Ofaus;rItajccHNrJapzkdY

owif;tzGJU

uGeyf sLwmrsm; tpDt&D xnfx


h m;aom &efuek Nf rKd Uv,f &yfuu
G w
f pfck
&Sd 15 ay? ay 20 tcef;xJwGif t,kw tew qJqkdoHrsm;jzifh zkH;
vTrf;aeonf/ tkyfpkzGJUupm;&aom uGefysLwm*drf;wGif wpfzufESifh
wpfzuf tNyKd it
f qkid f qJqadk eMuolrsm;rSm tjzL? tpdr;f 0wfqifxm;
aom q,fausmfouft&G,f ausmif;om;rsm;jzpfaeonf/
uGeyf sLwmESifh wDA*D rd ;f qdik f odrf;Edkifa&;onf if;wdkYaexkdif
rsm;&Sd eH&rH sm;wGif qJqakd tmf[pf &m ywf0ef;usif? rdbtkyfxdef;
upm;jcif;rjyK&ef? wdwfqdwf olrsm;ESihf ausmif;q&m? q&mr
NidrfoufpGm upm;&ef owday; rsm;\ tcef;u@u ta&;BuD;
pmrsm; uyfxm;jcif;jzihf vli,f? vmaMumif; rD;armif;xdk;jyae
vl&,
G rf sm;\ trltusiu
fh kd *dr;f onf/
acwfESifhtwl ajymif;vJ
qdik rf sm;u jyefvnfxed ;f uGyaf e
&onf/
vmaom vlaerIb0rsm;aMumifh
,aeYvil ,frsm; vdrm ,Of uav;vli,frsm;onf ajrjyif
aus;rI&Sdaeap&efESihf dk;&m,Of upm;uG i f ; rsm;rS uG e f y sLwm?
aus;rI tpOftvmrsm; xdef; wDAD*drf;qkdifrsm;okdY a&muf

&SdaeMuonf/ q,fausmfouf
t&G,f vli,frsm; tkyfpkzGJU*drf;
upm;&mwG i f atmf [ pf q J q k d
oHrsm; qlnaH ejcif;u tavht
xwpfckjzpfvmNyD; i,f&G,fol
rsm;taejzifh kdif;pkdif; Murf;wrf;
aom oGifjyifvuPmrsm; jy
ovmjcif; jzpfonf/
,aeY v l i ,f ? aemif 0 ,f
vl B uD ; jzpf v mrnf h ol r sm;t
wGuf vdrm,Ofaus;rI &Sdaeap
&efESifh kd;&m,Ofaus;rI tpOft
vmrsm;ukd xdef;odrf;Edkifap&ef
if;wkdYaexkdif&m ywf0ef;usif?
rdbtkyfxdef;olrsm;ESifh pmoif
cef;rsm;\ tcef;u@u ta&;

BuD;ygonf/
]]t&ifuxuf urmrSm
rD',
D mawG t&rf;zGUH NzKd ;vmw,f/
rD'D,mawG zGHUNzdK;vmwJhxJrSm
kyf&Sif? AD'D,kdawG? *drf;awGrSm
vnf; tMurf;zufwm? a'gojzpf
wmawGygvmw,f/ Ekid if w
H um
eJY eD;pyfvmawmh olrsm;qDu
0wfy?Hk pm;yk?H ajymqkyd aHk wGudktwk
ck;d vmMuw,f/rdbawGuvnf;
pD ; yG m ;a&;yJ v k H ; yef ; aeawmh
om;orD;tay:rSm tcsdefay;
Ekdirf I &Sm;yg;vmw,f}}[k armfv
NrKd iw
f uov
kd rf S 'kw,
d ygarmu
csKyf a'gufwmatmifjrwfausmf
pdefuajymonf/

"mwfykH-xufykdifNzdK;(Z0e)

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

NrdKUjy,Ofaus;rI tajymif;
tvJEiS hftajccHynmoifausmif;
rsm;\ pmoifcef;,Ofaus;rI
tajymif;tvJu uav;vli,f
rsm;\ tawG;tac:? cH,lcsuf?
oabmxm;tjrifEiS hf ,Ofaus;
rIrsm;tay: oufa&mufrI&Sdae
NyDjzpfonf/
]]t&ifacwfu tbkd;? t
bGm;? OD;av;? ta':awGeYJ rdom;
pktBuD;BuD; aygif;aewmrsm;
w,f/ tJh'Dawmh uav;wpf
a,muf&JU ywf0ef;usifrSm 'Dvkd
vlBuD;olrawG&JU qkdqkH;rrIawG
&cJhw,f/ tckNrdKUjy,Ofaus;rI
ykHpHu uav;eJY rdbeJYaewm
rsm;oGm;w,f/ tajccH,Ofaus;
rIav;awGudk tajccHrmS uwnf;
uoifc&hJ rSmyg/rlvwef;?tv,f
wef; tqifhavmufrSm zdzdpD;pD;
roif a wmh 'gawG u txuf
wef;wkdY wuodkvfxd ygvmwm
aygh}}[k a'gufwmatmifjrwf
ausmfpdefuqkdonf/
q&m? q&mrrsm;ESifh oif
kd;pmtkyfrsm;rSwpfqifh ausmif;
om;vli,frsm; tawG;tac:?
&ifhusufrI? taumif; tqkd;? t
aMumif;tusKd; a0zefokH;oyf
qifjcifr?I pdwu
f ;l PfueG jYf rK;rI
ponfh todynmrsm; jzpfay:
vmap&ef pmoifcef;rsm;\ t
cef;u@u toufwrQ ta&;
BuD;aeonf/

]]jynfolUeDwdu roif
awmhb l; / tJh 'g vk dt yfw ,f /

uav;awGu ywf0ef;usif&JU
vTrf;rkd;rIukd cH&wmxuf vlawG
&JU "avhpkdufukd rlvwef;rSm
oifMum;ay;EkdifzkdY ta&;BuD;
w,f/ 'gaMumifh rlvwef;u
wnf;uvdrm ,Ofaus;rI&adS tmif
oifay;xm;oifhw,f/ uav;
awG ,Ofaus;rI enf;vmwmu
q&m? q&mrawGaMumifh r[kwf
ayr,fh ynma&;pepfaMumifh
vk d Y a wmh xif w ,f / pmar;yG J
atmif&ifNyD;NyD qkdwJh pdwf"mwf
awG 0ifaeMuw,f}}[k rlvwef;
ausmif ; om;wpf O D ; \zcif u
ajymonf/
tajccHynmausmif;rsm;
wG i f ausmif ; om;vl i ,f r sm;
tm; bmom&yfqkdif&m oifcef;
pmrsm; oifMum;aeovkd vdrm
,Ofaus;rItwGuf jynfolUeDwd
bmom&yfukd wkd;jrifhoifMum;
ay;&ef ausmif;om;rdbrsm;u
qE&Sdaeonf/
]]pmoif c sd e f e J Y q d k oif d k ;
Tef;wrf;awGu rrQbl;jzpfae
w,f/ ausmif;om;awG pOf;pm;
awG;ac:zdkYtwGuf tcsdefay;zdkY
a&S;rIEdkifbl;jzpfaew,f/ oif
dk;NyD;jywfzdkYudkyJ OD;pm;ay;ae&
w,f/ uav;awG pOf;pm;awG;
ac:wwfr,f?jyemudkajz&Si;f
wwfr,f? uav;awGtcsi;f csi;f
yl;aygif;wkdifyifNyD; vkyfwwf
r,f?
wpfzufokdY

11

Life

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

wpfzufrStquf
,HkMunfrIawG &Sdvmr,hf oif
Mum;rIeYJ oif;kd Ny;D oGm;&if t&rf;
aumif;w,f/tJv
h rkd [kw&f ifoif
omoifaew,f/ausmif;om;awG
twGuf xda&mufrmS r[kwb
f ;l }}
[k tajccHynmOD;pD;XmerS Tef
Mum;a&;rSL;tjzpf tNidrf;pm;,l
xm;olu ajymonf/
]]uRefawmfwkdY jrefrmEkdifiH
rSm jzpfaewmu oifdk;awG t
rsm;BuD; jzpfaew,f/ tJh'gukd
vykid ;f rmwdumeJY Ny;D atmif oif
ae&w,f / q&mawG t aeeJ Y
vnf; olwkdYukd vma&mufBuD;
MuyfwJh tzGJUawGukd oifkd;awG
NyD;aMumif; tmrcHzkdYvkdw,f/ tJh
'Dawmh q&mawGu ausmif;om;
awG pOf;pm;awG;ac:zkdYtwGuf
tcsdefay;zdkY a&S;rIEkdifbl; jzpf
aew,f/ oif;dk NyD;jywfzu
Ydk ydk J OD;
pm;ay;ae&w,f/ uav;awG
pOf;pm;awG;ac:wwfr,f? jy
emuk d ajz&S i f ; wwf r ,f ?
uav;awG tcsif;csif; yl;aygif;
wk d i f y if N yD ; vk y f w wf r ,f ? ,k H
MunfrIawG&Sdvmr,f? tJh'DvkdeJY
oifkd;NyD;oGm;&if t&rf;aumif;
w,f/ tJhvdkr[kwf&if oifwm
oifaew,f? ausmif;om;awG
twGuf xda&mufrmS r[kwb
f ;l }}
[k tajccHynmOD;pD;XmerS Tef
Mum;a&;rSL;tjzpf tNidrf;pm;,l
xm;olu ajymonf/
vuf&dS jzpfwnfaerIwpfck
rS m aus;vuf E S i f h Nrd K Ujya'o
t csdKU&Sd q&m? q&mrrsm;xuf
ausmif;om;vli,frsm;u rD'D
,mrsm;? uG e f y sLwm? tk d i f w D
ypnf;rsm;ESifh ykdrkdxdawGUcGifh &&Sd
aeMujcif; jzpfonf/touft
&G,fBuD;&ifhaeNyDjzpfaom q&m?
q&mrrsm;onf acwfpepfESifh
tvS r f ; uG m rI B uD ; rm;aeovk d
t jcm;q&m? q&mrrsm;onf
vnf; ausmif;vkyfief;wm0ef
rsm;? oifkd;oifcef;pmrsm;ESifh
tcsdefukefqkH;aeMu&onf/
xkdYjyif kyfoHvkdif;rsm;\
Ek d i f i H j cm;Zmwf v rf ; wG J r sm;u
ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm;ukd
ododomom vTrf;rkd;rI &SdaeNyD;
q&m? q&mrrsm;\ ajymqk d
qkH;roGefoifrsm;ukd emcHvkdrI
avsmh u svmaMumif ; q&m?
q&mrtcsKdUu qkdonf/
]]ckacwfu wDADawG? tif
wmeuf a wG v nf ; Munf h M u
awmh jrifvG,f? wwfvG,fvm
Muw,f/ q&m? q&mrawG&JU
ajymqkdqkH;rrIxuf vGwfvGwf
vyfvyf awG;ac:aeMuw,f/
q&mrwkdYuawmh jynfolUeDwd
ykdif;ukd oifzkdYvnf; tcsdefr&yg
bl;/ pmar;yGJawGuvnf; tjrJ

ppf a e&awmh vd r m a&;jcm;&S d


atmif oifzkdY tmkHrpkdufEkdifMu
bl;/ ckqkd uav;awGMum;xJrSm
ukd&D;,m;,Ofaus;rIawG ykdNyD;
vTrf;rkd;vmwm awGU&w,f}}[k
ZD;ukef;NrdKUe,frS tv,fwef;jy
q&mrwpfOD;u ajymonf/
jrefrmEkdifiH&Sd tajccHynm
oifkd;Tef;wrf;rsm;onf acwf
ESifhtnD jyKjyifajymif;vJrIwGif
tm;enf;rI&SdaeNyD; pmoifcef;
wGif; uav;i,frsm;\ tod
ynmpGrf;&nfESifh oabmxm;
tjrifrsm; zGHUNzdK;vmatmif avh
usiyhf sK;d axmifay;Ekid &f ef vdt
k yf
aeaMumif; ynm&Sifrsm;u
axmufjyaeMuonf/
]ynma&;pepf jzpfwnfrI
t& ausmif;om;? ausmif;ol
rsm;onf tod Pf y nm zG H U
NzdK;&efESifh vdrm,Ofaus;rI &Sd
vmap&ef ynmoifMum;jcif;
xuf tvGwfusufrSwf pm
ar;yGJ&v'faumif;rGef&ef OD;pm;
ay;vmMuonf/ xkdYaMumifh vl
i,f v l & G , f r sm;onf pmoif
ausmif;ESifh usL&Sifrsm;wGif
tcsdefrsm;ukd tokH;jyKae&NyD;
jyify pmayzwfrI EI iS hf A[kow
k
&SmazG rItwGuf tcsed t
f ok;H jyKrI
odod omom avsmhusaecJhNyD
jzpf onf/
]]ausmif;om;awG tm;vkH;
kdif;w,fvkdYawmh ajymvkdYr&yg
bl;/wu,fvkdY dkif;ae&ifvnf;
olwkdY aexkdifBuD;jyif;wJh ywf0ef;
usief v
YJ nf; qkid yf gw,f/ ausmif;
oifkd;Tef;wrf;xJrSm ,Ofaus;
vdrmzkdYawmh t"durygygbl;/
'gayrJh q&mawGu vkt
d yfwm&Sd
&if qkH;rMuygw,f}}[k vIid o
f m
,mNrKdUe,frStxufwef;jyq&mr
wpfOD;u ajymonf/
uav;vli,frsm; vdrm
,Of a us;rI E S i f h tod Pf & if h
oef v map&ef ywf 0 ef ; usif
aumif;rsm; zefwD;ay;a&;ESifh
pmoif c ef ; rsm;wG i f oif M um;
oif,lrI enf;pepfESifh oifkd;
Tefwrf;qkdif&m jyKjyifajymif;
vJa&;twGuf tpDtpOfrsm; vkd
tyfaeNyD jzpfonf/
wpfcsed w
f iG f vltzGUJ tpnf;
ESihf vkyif ef;cGib
f 0okYd 0ifa&muf
Murnfh vli,frsm;twGuf t
jyeftvSefem;vnfrI? rQa0okH;pGJ
rIqidk &f m pHEeI ;f rsm; zGUH NzKd ;wk;d wuf
vmap&ef wGef;tm;ay; aqmif
&GufoGm;&ef ynm&SifwpfOD;u
axmufjytMuHjyKonf/
]]q&mawGeJY rdbtkyfxdef;
ol a wG u b,f v k d t a&;BuD ;
vnf;qkdawmh rQa0&r,fqkdwJh
pHEIef;av;wpfck uav;awGrSm

bmukd wefzkd;xm;&rvJ

"r

ud,
k &fh UJ aeYpOfq;kH jzwfcsuaf wG[m ud,
k u
hf kd b,fvv
kd jl zpfvmrvJqw
kd mudk yHak zmfaewm yJ/ zefw;D aewmyJ/
qHk;jzwfcsufawG[m tkwfcsyfeJYwlw,f/ tJ'D tkwfcsyfuav;awGudk wpfcsyf csif;pDNyD; aqmufoGm;wJh tcgrSm
tdrfwpftdrfjzpfvmovdkyJ tJ'D qHk;jzwfcsufawG pkaygif;vdkufwJhtcgrSm vlwpfa,mufjzpfvmw,f/
rSefuefwJh qHk;jzwfcsufudkcswJhtcgrSm vGwfvyfwJhol? wm0efodwJhol jzpfvmw,f/
wu,f vGwv
f yfwhJ vlom;wpfa,muf? wu,fvyl o
D wJh vlom;wpfa,muf? wu,f vljzpf&usK;d eyfwhJ
vlom;wpf a,muf? ud,
k b
fh 0udk ud,
k f wu,fausauseyfeyfaewJh vlom;wpfa,muf jzpfvmzd?Yk wu,fjrihf
jrwfwhJ vlom;wpfa,mufjzpfvmzdq
Yk &dk if tcsed w
f ikd ;f ? tcsed w
f ikd ;f rSm csaewJh qH;k jzwfcsuaf wGukd MunhNf y;D awmh
udk,Of D;wnfxm;wJh OD;wnfcsuf udk taxmuftulay;r,hf qHk; jzwfcsufrsKd;udck s&r,f/ ud,
k f jzpfvm&r,fvYkd
rSe;f xm;wJh vlom;wpfa,muf jzpfvmzdt
Yk a&;udk xdcu
kd o
f mG ;apr,hf qH;k jzwfcsurf sK;d udk csr,fq&kd if owrd &S&d m
usr,f/ opmr&Sd&musr,f/
ypnf;Opm&zdkY roifhawmfwJh qHk;jzwfcsufawGudk csaer,fqdk&if owdr&SdwJhvlvdkY qdk&r,f/ aemuf
wpfenf;tm;jzihfqdk&ifvnf; udk,fhb0udk tjrpfuae wl;NzKdaewJholvdkY qdk&r,f/
wcsKUd u wpfa,mufew
YJ pfa,muf &efjzpf&w
J m? xd;k &Jwm? usw
d &f w
J m? ypf&w
J m? cwf&w
J m? cEmuk,
d f
rSm emoGm;rS aoG;xGufoH,dkjzpfoGm;rSmudk raMumufwm? tJ'Dvdk rdkufrJwmudkyJ owd&SdwmvdkY t"dym,f
aumufrSm;wwfw,f/ trSefawmh owdqdkwm twGif;pdwf"mwf&JU t&nftaoG;wpfrsKd;jzpfw,f/
q&mawmf OD;aZmwdu (r[mNrKdifawm&)

t,f'DwmhxH ay;pm

w&m;rQwrIrsm; &Sdapcsifygonf
uRerf wko
Yd nf rdrad exkid &f m t &yfa'orsm;ESifhtvGeaf 0;uGm aom
wdk;csJUNrdKUe,frsm;\ tpGeftzsm; awm&Gmrsm; wm0efxrf;aqmif
aeaom ausmif;q&mrrsm;jzpfMuygonf/ uRerf wdu
Yk o
hJ Ykd rda0;? za0;
ae&mrsm; wm0efxrf;aqmifae&olrsm;\ t"duvkt
d yfcsurf mS
rdrad exkid &f m t&yfa'orsm;odYk jyefvnfajymif;a&TUG vkMd ujcif;om
jzpfygonf/ odt
Yk wGuf b0wl q&m?q&mr trsm;pkonf tajymif;
ta&TUtwGu?f &mxl;wk;d rsm;twGuf enf;vrf;rsKd ;pHjk zihf BudK;pm;Mu
ygonf/
wGif rormolrsm;? vmbfpm;olrsm;? yGJpm;rsm; ay:ayguf
vmygonf/ ajymif;a&TUvkdaom t&yfa'orsm;t& aps;EIef;rSm
ig;odef;rS odef; 20? 30 txdyif &SdMuygonf/ ausmif;q&mrsm;\
vpm aiGrmS aiGaMu;jzihf rnforYkd S r,SOEf idk yf gacs/ ausmaxmuf
aemufcHr&Sdol uRefrwdkYuJhokdY b0wl q&m?q&mrrsm;taejzihf
awm&GmwGif raexkid v
f adk wmhygu yrmPaiGaMu;udk ray;Ekid f
vkdvQif tvkyfxGufHkrS wpfyg; rnfonfhenf;vrf;&Sdygoenf;/
uRefrwdkYonf awm&GmwGif taetpm; qif;&JpGmjzihf 'ku
rsKd ;pHck u
H m csrw
S x
f m;aom pnf;rsO;f ESit
fh nD vkyo
f ufrsm; pkaqmif;
tajymif;ta&TUrsm;wifcJhrdygonf/ tBudrfBudrfwifcJhaomf
vnf; ajymif;a&TUcGihfr&aomtcg OD;pD;XmerS wm0ef&Sdolrsm;xH
0ifa&muf ar;jref;pHpk rf;rdygonf/ xkt
d cg uRerf wdaYk vQmufaom
NrKd Ue,fonf vpfvyfr&Sad omaMumif[
h
l vnf;aumif;? toem; cH
pmrwifaomaMumif[
h
l vnf;aumif;? rdbrsm;tm; apmihaf &Smuf
&ef[al om taMumif;jycsuo
f nf d;k pif;vSaom taMumif;jy csu?f

zGHUNzdK;zkdY wkdufwGef;rIawG vkdtyf


w,f/ 'DtajccH&oGm;&if uav;
awGrSm olwkdYoufwl&G,fwlawG
tcsi;f csi;f qufo,
G zf ?Ydk twkt
YH
vSnfh? ndEIdif;&if; rQwrIpHukd
wjznf;jznf; wnfaqmufoGm;
zkdYyJ/ 'gawG tBudrfBudrfvkyfrS
olwkdY toufawG BuD;vmwmeJY
twl rQa0rIukd odem;vnfvm
rSmyg}}[k &efuek w
f uov
kd ?f pdwf
ynmXmerS ygarmua'gufwm
eDvmjzKu qkdonf/
aevif;xGef;? at;olpH?
&Jaemif?ZGJPf

vdrfnmaomtaMumif;jycsufjzpfonf[lvnf;aumif;qkd
avQmufvTmtm; y,fcscJh&ygonf[k ajz&Sif;csufay;cJhygonf/
bGJUr&ao;aom vkyfoufenf;aom todq&mrrsm; olwkdY
NrdKUe,frsm;twGif;okdY jyefvnfa&muf&SdoGm;jcif;udkrl ae&mvpf
vyfaomaMumifh[kqkdygonf/
uRerf wdu
Yk o
hJ Ykd b0wlq&m?q&mrrsm;onf tajymif;ta&TU
tawGUtBuHKr&Sad omaMumifjh zpfap? yGpJ m;rsm;ESifh tquftoG,f
r&SdaomaMumifhjzpfap? tajymif;ta&TUavQmufvTmwGif OD;pm;
ay;NrdKUe,frsm; ta&;rSm;jcif;? toem;cHpmwif&jcif;taMumif;
rsm;ukd rodjcif;rsm;aMumihf wpfESpfaemufus&jcif;rsm;rSm tvGef
epfemvSonf[k xifygonf/ xkaYd Mumifh OD;pD;Xm eonf rdr&d yf&mG odYk
jyefvnfa&muf&Sd&ef tajymif;ta&TUavQmufxm;olrsm;\ OD;pm;
ay; NrKd Ue,frS toem;cHpmrsm;tm; t"durpOf;pm;bJ xko
d rl sm;ae
xkdif&m NrdKUe,fESihf teD;pyfqHk; pnfyifNrdKUopfNrdKUe,frsm; tm; vkyf
oufjzihf OD;pm;ay;pdppf w&m;rQwpGm csrw
S x
f m;aom pnf;rsO;f
pnf;urf;csurf sm;ESit
fh nD wdwu
d sus rSerf eS u
f efuef ae&mcsxm;
ay;yg&ef awmif;qkdtyfygonf/ xda&mufatmifjrifaom oif
Mum;rIwpfcjk zpfap&ef 0efxrf;rsm;\ pdwcf pH m;rIonf rsm;pGmta&;
BuD;ygonf/ onfukd OD;pD;Xmetaejzihf pmemaxmufxm;pGm
jzihfrSeu
f efpmG pdppfay;yg&ef awmif;qdt
k yfygonf/ vmbfpm;rI? rorm
rIrsm;ukv
d nf; ajz&Si;f ay;yg&ef 7Day News ay;pmu@rS wpf
qifh awmif;qdktyfygonf/
auoD

12

Home

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

rsufESmzkH;rS

tpkd;&ESihf autkdiftkd ppfajyNidrf;a&;


tjreftaumiftxnfazmf&efoabmwl

aqG ; aEG ; yG J w G i f yg0if c J h
aom autdkifat'kwd,ppfOD;
pD;csKyfAdkvfcsKyf*Gefarmfu ]]t
awmf t oif h auseyf t m;&yg
w,f/ a&SUqufr,fhaqG;aEG;yGJ
awGtwGuf tpjyKEdkifw,fvdkY
ajymEkid yf gw,f}} [k 7Day News
\ quf o G , f a r;jref ; csuf u d k
tGev
f ikd ;f rSwpfqifah jzMum;onf/
y#dyu\ t"dujyem
jzpfaeaom ESpzf ufwyfrsm;a&m
axG;aejcif;ESifh wyfrsm;eD;uyf
aeonfhtwGuf wyfrsm;ae&m
csxm;a&;ESifhywfouf aqG;
aEG;cJhjcif;&Sd? r&Sd ar;jref;&m ,ck
aqG;aEG;yGw
J iG f wyfupd r ygao;
bJ rlt&aqG;aEG;a&;ESifh tajz
&Sm&ef? ppft&Sed af vQm&h ef t"du
aqG;aEG;jzpfcJhaMumif; AdkvfcsKyf
*Gefarmfu ajzMum;onf/
]]vlx&k UJ pdw"f mwfvNHk cKH a&;

&zdYk BuKd ;pm;&OD;rSmjzpfygw,f}} [k


AdkvfcsKyf*Gefarmfu 7Day News
udk ajzMum;onf/
aqG;aEG;yGw
J iG f yg0ifcahJ om
jrefrmNird ;f csr;f a&;pifwmrS wm
0ef&Sdol OD;vSarmifa&Tu aqG;
aEG;yGJESifhywfoufNyD; ]]awmf
awmfav;tm;wufrdw,f/ t
vm;tvmaumif;wJh aqG;aEG;yGJ
wpfckvdkY ajymvdkY&ygw,f/ y#d
yuawG 'DavmufjzpfNyD;&mu
ae aqG;aEG;&mrSm wpfzufew
YJ pf
zuf tjypfrwifbJeJY Nidrf;csrf;
a&;&atmif b,fvv
kd yk rf vJqkd
wmud k OD ; wnf a qG ; aEG ; cJ h M u
w,f/ arQmv
f ifch sut
f rsm;BuD;&
cJhw,f}} [k ajymMum;onf/
,ck aqG;aEG;yGJ\ xl;jcm;rI
rSm wkwt
f pk;d &rS Mum;aeouf
aotjzpf aqmif&Gufay;jcif;
ESihf wwd,tzGJUtpnf;rsm;jzpf

rsufESmzkH;rS

om;zGm;rD;,yfq&m0efwpfOD;tm; ukocGifhvdkifpif ig;ESpfydwf


tqdkyg jzpfpOftm; epfem
olbufrS vGefcJhonfh wpfESpf
ausmfu pme,fZif;&Sif;vif;yJG
rsm; jyKvkyf *sme,frsm;wGif
azmf j yEk d i f & ef Bud K ;pm;cJ h a omf
vnf; pmaypdppfa&;rl0g'rsm;
aMumifh *sme,fwpfapmifwGif
om azmfjycJhonf/

xkdq&m0eftm; vkdifpif
ydwfodrf;xm;onfh taMumif;
tm; jynf x J a &; 0ef B uD ; Xme?
wkdif;OD;pD;rSL;kH;ponfh oufqkdif
&m tzJGUtpnf; tm;vkH;xHodkY
taMumif ; Mum;xm;NyD ; jzpf
onfhtwGuf aemufxyfajym
Mum;&ef r&Sad Mumif; aq;aumif
pDOu|u qufvufajymonf/
vkdifpifydwfodrf;cH&onfh

om;zGm;rD;,yf q&m0eftrsKd;
orD ; onf vl e mjzpf o l t m;
ud k , f 0 ef a pmih f a &S m uf p Of cef Y
rS e f ; arG ; zG m ;&uf wG u f c suf & m
wGif rSm;,Gif;jcif;? cJGpdwfarG;zGm;
&ef qkH;jzwfcsufrSm;,Gif;jcif;? cJG
pdwfjcif; rjyKcif vlemtm;vkH
avmufaom &Si;f jyjcif; r&Sjd cif;
ESihf cJpG w
d af rG;zGm;Ny;D aemuf uav;
EkaerSef;odNyD; vkHavmufaom
ukkorIrsm; vkyfaqmifcJhaomf
vnf; vlem&SifESifh qufq&H m
wGif vkt
d yfcsurf sm; &Sad ejcif;rsm;
&SdaMumif; ppfaq;awGU&Sd&onf
[k jrefrmEkdifiH aq;aumifpD\
xkwfjyefcsufwGif yg&Sdonf/
]]'DjzpfpOfu bmaMumihjf zpf
w,fqkdwmawmh aocsmrodyg

pm(3)rS

tpdk;&wGif EdkifiHwumodkY jyefqyf&rnhfa<u; uefa':vm oef;udk;axmifausmf&Sd


1988 ckEpS f aemufyikd ;f wGif
urmb
h Pf? tm&SzUGH NzK;d a&;bPf
ESihf yJ&pfuvyfwdkYrS acs;aiGr&
awmhojzihf wkw?f tdE,
d ? xdik ;f ?
rav;&Sm;? qmAD;,m;ESihf *syef
Edik if w
H rYkd S acs;,lc&hJ Ny;D wkwEf ikd f
iHudk ay;&ef tar&duefa':vm
oHk;bDvD,Hausmf usef&SdaMumif;
0efBuD;OD;0if;&Sdefu ajymonf/

]]tkyfcsKyfrI nHhzsif;wJh
twG u f oH k ; xm;wJ h t ay:rS m
atmif j rif o ih f o avmuf r
atmifjrifbl;/ oHk;xm;wJh bwf
*sufudkjyefMunhf&if 'Dxuf wdk;
wufoihfw,f}} [k jrefrmEdkifiH
ig;vkyif ef;tzJUG csKyf Ou| OD;ESi;f
OD;u oHk;oyfonf/

,ckuJhodkY ta<u;tcsKdU
wpf0uf jyefqyfEdkifcJhonhft
wGuf jrefrmEdkifiHu acs;aiGwpf

csKdU xyfrH&&Sdvmrnfjzpfonf/
]]'Dvdk&&Sdr,hf oef;aygif;
rsm;pG m aom &ef y H k a iG a wG u d k
urmEh ikd if rH sm;tv,frmS wm0ef
odwJh? *kPfodum&SdwJh EdkifiHwpf
cktjzpf &yfwnfEdkifzdkY? wdkif;jynf
pD;yGm;a&; zHGUNzKd;zdkYtwGuf qif;&J
EGrf;yg;rI avQmhcszdkY? ta&;BuD;wJh
pmoifausmif;awG? aq;HkawG?
vrf;wHwm;awGaqmufzdkY? vQyf
ppf"mwftm;awG xkwfvkyfzdkYeJY
a&aumif;a&oefYawG &&SdEdkifzdkY
toHk;jyKEdkifrSmjzpfygw,f}} vdkY
orwOD;odef;pdefu azazmf0g&D
v 1 &ufwiG af &'D,rkd w
S pfqihft
rsm;jynfoludkajymaom rdefY cGef;
xnhfoGif;ajymMum;cJhonf/

usef & S d a eaom a<u;NrD
rsm;ESihf ywfouf pD;yGm;a&;
ynm&SifwpfOD;jzpfaom a'guf

aom u&iftrsKd ;om;tpnf;t


H;k (autife,
f )l rS Ou| Akv
d cf sKyf
BuD;apmrlwl;ap;zdk;? &Srf;jynf
jyefvnfxlaxmifa&;aumifpD
(RCSS/SSA)rS AdkvfrSL;csKyfpdkif;
vl; polwkdYu oufaotjzpf
aqG;aEG;yGJwGif yg0ifcJhMujcif;
jzpfonf/
aqG;aEG;yGJwGif qufoG,f
a&;vrf;aMumif; xm;&Sda&;? ESpf
zuf ppfa&;wif;rmrIrsm; avQmh
csEkdifa&;? qufvufjyKvkyfrnfh
aqG;aEG;yGJrsm;wGif avhvmol
rsm;ESihf oufaorsm;tjzpf yg
0ifrnfh tzGJUtpnf;rsm; zdwf
ac:a&;wkdYukd aqG;aEG;cJhMuNyD;
aemuf w pf B ud r f a qG ; aEG ; yG J u d k
autkdifattaeESihf nDGwf
aom wkdif;&if;om;zuf'&,f
aumifpD (UNFC)ESihf ndEIdif;NyD;
aemuf azazmf 0 g&D v ruk e f r D
usif;yEkdifa&;ESihf EkdifiHa&;aqG;
aEG;yGJrsm; qufvufusif;yoGm;
&ef oabmwlncD ahJ Mumif; yl;wGJ
xkwfjyefonfh aMunmcsufwGif
azmfjyxm;onf/

azazmf0g&D 1 &ufaeYpGJjzifh
autdkiftdkbufrSaMunmcsuf
wpfapmifxkwfjyefcJh&m jrefrmh
wyfrawmftaeESifh xkd;ppfrsm;
qifETJjcif;udk &yfqkdif;ygu au
tkdifatuvnf; jyemjzpf
yGm;Edkifrnfhppfa&;vIyf&Sm;rIrsm;
ukdjyKvkyfrnfr[kwfbJ autkdif
tdktaeESihf EkdifiHa&;jyem
rsm;udk aqG;aEG;jcif;jzifh tajz
&SmEkdifrnf[k ,HkMunfaMumif;
aMunmcsuf w G i f azmf j yxm;
onf/ aemufwpfaeYrmS yiftpd;k &
bufrS aMunmcsufwpfapmif
xk w f j yef & mwG i f v nf ; jynf
axmifpNk ird ;f csr;f a&; azmfaqmif
a&;vkyfief; aumfrwDESihf au
tdkiftdk? autkdifatESihf aqG;
aEG;yGJrsm; pwifEdkif&ef ndEIdif;
aqmif&Gufvsuf&SdNyD; typft
cwf & yf p J x m;aom vuf e uf
udkiftzGJUtpnf;rsm; tygt0if
tjcm;aom tzGJUtpnf;rsm;u
awGUqHkaqG;aEG;a&; aqmif&Guf
Ekdif&ef ulnDaerIrsm;ukd todt
rSwjf yKaMumif; ajymMum;cJo
h nf/

bl;/ ae&mwkdif;rSmawmhjzpfae
w,f/ tJ'DtwGuf vlemawG
bufukdvnf; repfematmif?
'DvkdjyemawGjzpfvm&if t
aMumif;Mum;wkdifwef;EkdifwJhae
&mrsK;d awG vkt
d yfwt
hJ jyif q&m
0efawGbufukdvnf; w&m;w
aygifjzpfvm&if ulnDajz&Sif;
ay;r,ht
f zGUJ tpnf;awGeJY buf
rQatmifvkyfzkdYvkdw,fvkdYxif
w,f}}[ktrsKd;om;vTwfawmf
ukd,fpm;vS,fvnf;jzpf taxG
axGa&m*gukq&m0efvnf;jzpf
onfh a'gufwmjrwfPpkd;u
ajymonf/

2009 ck E S p f t wG i f ; u
vnf; yk*vdu aq;kHwpfckwGif
aoG;vGefwkyfauG;a&m*gESifh tl
twufa&mifa&m*g rSm;,Gif;
ukorIaMumifh trsKd;orD;i,f
wpfOD; aoqkH;oGm;cJhonfh t

wGuf xdkukocJhonfh txl;uk


q&m0eftm; vkdifpifydwfodrf;
ta&;,lcJhonfh jzpfpOfwpfck
jzpf y G m ;cJ h z l ; NyD ; xk d j zpf p Of N yD ;
aemuf tvm;wl jyemrsm;
rMumcP ay:aygufvmNyD; t
a&;,lwkdifMum;rIrsm;vnf; &Sd
vmonf/
jyemjzpfymG ;rS ta&;,l
jcif;jzifh ESpfOD;ESpfzuf jyem
ykdrkdBuD;xGm;vmaponhftwGuf
q&m0efrsm;uvnf; q&m0ef
usih f 0 wf t m; vk d u f e m&ef E S i h f
vlembufwGifvnf; tajct
aewpfckwGif jzpfvmEkdifonhf
aemufqufwGJtajctaersm;
tm; od&Sdonhftodynmrsm;
us,fus,fjyefYjyefYaqmif&Guf
&ef vk d t yf a eNyD j zpf a Mumif ;
a'gufwmjrwfPpkd;u quf
vufajymonf/

wm aZmfOD;u ]]usefaewJh t
a<u;awGudk uRefawmfwdkY qyf
Edik rf mS yg/ qyfEikd zf t
Ykd wGuv
f nf;
uRefawmfwdkYEdkifiH&JU tvm;t
vmaumif;awG trsm;BuD;&Sdae
w,f}} [k oHk;oyfonf/
,ck a y;&ef usef & S d a om
ta<u;rsm;xJrS urmhbPft
a<u;twGuf twdk;EIef; 0 'or
75 &mcdik Ef eI ;f jzihf ESpf 40 jyefqyf
&rnfjzpfNy;D tm&SzUGH NzK;d a&;bPf
udk ay;&ef&Sdaom aiGtm; 1 &m
cdkifEIef;twdk;EIef;jzihf 24 ESpf jyef
qyf&rnfjzpfum yJ&pfuvyfoYkd
ay;&ef&Sdta<u;tm; 15 ESpft
wGif; jyefqyf&rnfjzpfonf/
xdt
k a<u;rsm;tm; wpfEpS f
vQif tar&duefa':vm oef;
300 cefY jyefvnfay;qyf&ef
tMurf;zsif pDpOfxm;aMumif;
b@mtcGe0f efBuD; OD;0if;&Sed u
f
ajymonf/
NyD;cJhonhf Zefe0g&Dv 27

&ufu *syefEdkifiHtultnDjzihf
ur m h b Pf o d k Y ay;&ef & S d a om
tar&duefa':vm 892 'or
994 oef;rS oef; 430 qyfcJhNyD;
tm&SzHGUNzKd;a&;bPfacs;,lxm;
aom tar&duefa':vm 697
'or 133 oef;rS 511 'or
529 oef; jyefqyfcJhum yJ&pf
uvyfodkY ay;&ef&Sdaom tar&d
uefa':vm 10 'or 327 bD
vD,HrS 50 &mckdifEIef;udk yJ&pf
uvyfu avsmfypfay;cJhonf/
t&yfom;tpdk;&wufvm
NyD ; aemuf a<u;NrD a vsmf a y;cJ h
onfrsm;ESihf ywfouf EdkifiH
awmf orwu ,ckvt
kd a&;Bu;D
onft
h csed w
f iG rf w
d af qGaumif;
jzpfaMumif; jyocJah om aemfa0;
Edik if EH iS *hf syefEikd if t
H ygt0ify&J pf
uvyf0ifEikd if rH sm;\tultnD
rsm;udv
k nf; todtrSwjf yK rSwf
wrf;wif&rnfjzpfaMumif; ajym
Mum;cJhonf/

xk d o d k Y xk w f j yef N yD ; ES p f & uf t
MumwGif a&TvDNrdKU awGUqHkaqG;
aEG;EkdifcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
vGefcJhaom av;vtMum
2012ckEpS f pufwifbm 30 &uf
u tpk;d &ESifh autkid t
f w
kd Ykd a&TvD
NrKd UrSmyif awGUqHak qG;aEG;cJNh y;D xkd
awGUqHkyGJwGif EkdifiHa&;t& aqG;
aEG;&ef tpkd;&bufrS oabmwl
nDNy;D Zefe0g&DwiG f jyefvnfawGU
qHk&ef urf;vSrf;cJhaomfvnf; 'D
Zifbmvqef;rSpum autkdif
tkdXmecsKyf&Sd&m vkdifZmteD; v
*sm;,efa'owGif wkdufyGJrsm;
jyif;xefcJhonf/ zm;uefYa'o
wGifvnf; wdkufyGJrsm; jyefvnf
jzpfymG ;cJu
h m ESpv
f ausmt
f wGi;f
wkdufyGJtBudrfa& trsm;qHk;ESihf
twif ; rmqH k ; tajctaeod k Y
a&muf&SdcJhojzifh awGUqkHEdkifcJh
jcif;r&Sday/ tpkd;&bufrS av

aMumif;ypfulrIrsm;udk wpfv
eD;yg;Mum toHk;jyKcJhNyD; EkdifiHw
umESifh ukvor*rS avaMumif;
toHk;jyKjcif;&yfwefY&ef zdtm;
ay;awmif;qdkrIrsm;aMumihf wpf
vtMumwGif &dum yd&Yk eftwGuf
om toHk;jyKcJhonf/ vkdifZmt
eD;jzpfyGm;aom wkdufyGJrsm;wGif
wk w f E k d i f i H b uf j crf ; od k Y w d k i f
atmif vuf e uf B uD ; rsm; us
a&mufrI&SdcJhonf/
xkdokdY y#dyursm;BuD;xGm;
vmNy;D aemuf wkwEf idk if t
H pk;d &
\ Mum;0ifndEIdif;ay;rIjzihf a&T
vDNrdKUwGif xyfrHawGUqHkEkdifjcif;
jzpfonf/ y#dyursm; ajyvnf
ap&ef aqG;aEG;ndEdIif;rIrsm; t
BudrfBudrfjyKvkyfum EkdifiHa&;t
& aqG;aEG;tajz&Sm&ef vkdtyf
aMumif; EkdifiHa&;avhvmapmifh
Munhfolrsm;u oHk;oyfonf/

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

rEav;aq;kHBuD;
ta&;ay:XmeodkY
a&muf&Sdvmonfh vlemrsm;tm;
tcrJhaq;ukoay;

uifqmjyem

BuD;xGm;vm
0wf&nfatmif
jrefrmEkdifiHonf urmay:wGif
uifqma&m*g tjzpftrsm;qkH;
Ekid if H 10 Ekid if w
H iG f eHygwf2 ae&m
&Sad eaMumif; urmu
h se;f rma&;
tzGJU\ rMumao;rDu xkwfjyef
cJhaom tpD&ifcHpmwGif yg&SdcJh
onf/
urmheHygwf(2)tjzpf tm
qD,Ha'owGif;EkdifiHrsm;wGif
uifqmjzpfyGm;rItrsm;qkH;qkd
onfh*kP&f yfrsm;&&Sx
d m;aom jref
rmEkdifiHwGifaexkdifMuolrsm;rSm
uifqma&m*gESihfywfoufonfh
A[kokwESifh *kjyKqifjcifrIt
jyif oufqidk &f mXmeqkid &f mrsm;
rS wm;qD;ta&;,lrIrsm;vnf;
pkd;&drfzG,f&m enf;yg;aeao;
aMumif;ynm&Sifrsm;u axmuf
jyaNymqkdaeMuonf/
vlem 40 cefYaeYpOfuko
onfh aq;cef;wpfckwGif vlem
av;OD;wGif wpfOD;rSm uifqm

armifwm

"mwfykH-a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

a&m*g&SifjzpfaeNyD; xkdvlOD;a&
onf vGefcJhonfh ESpf 20cefUESifh
pmvQif vGepf mG rsm;jym;vmonfh
vlOD;a&jzpfaMumif; a'gufwm
cifarmifvGif(Fame)u 4if;\
tawGUtBuKHukdajymonf/
]]tck ema&;jzpfwJh tdrfESpf
vkH;pvkH;u uifqma&m*geJU qkH;
wJhvlBuD;yJ/ t&ifu wkdU&GmawG
rSmao&ifvlBuD;a&m*gaMumifh
yJ /tckEpS yf idk ;f rSmawmhtrsm;qk;H
aoMuwm uifqmaMumifhyJ/
vli,fawGa&m vlBuD;awGa&m
jzpfvkdufaovkdufMuwm/a&m
*g &Srd eS ;f odwmeJU rMumbl; vykid ;f

yJcHw,f}}[k &efukefwkdif; a'o


Bu;D ausmufwef;NrKUd e,frSawmif
olwpfOD;uvnf; uifqma&m
*gaMumifh aoqkH;rIrsm;tay:
ajymonf/
urmay:wGif ESpfpOfvlOD;
a& 10 oef;cefUuifqma&m*g
rsm;jzifh aoqkH;aeNyD; jrefrmEkdif
iHwiG pf m&if;twdtusr&Sad omf
vnf; uifa&m*gjzpfymG ;aoqkH ;
rIrsm;rSm wjznf;jznf;odomrsm;
jym;vmaMumif;od&onf/
uifqma&m*gonf aeYpOf
rjzpfraepm;aomufaeonfh
tpm;taomufaMumihft"du

jzpfymG ;jcif;jzpfonf/jrefrmEkid if H
wGiu
f ifqma&m*gjzpfymG ;rI rsm;
jym;&jcif ; rS m uif q mjzpf a p
onfh tqdyftawmuf"mwfy
pnf;rsm;yg0ifonfhtpm;tpm
rsm;aeYpOfpm;okH;aejcif;aMumihf
jzpfaMumif;od&onf/

]]rD;ckd;xGufaewJh tuif
awG? tcsO&f nfawGupdk m;aeMu
wm uifqmrjzpfjzpfatmif
xkdifpm;aeMuovkdyJ/ tJ'gawG
aMumifhjzpfrSef;vnf;rodMubl;
eJw
Y w
l ,f}}[k a'gufwmcifarmif
vGifuajymonf/
pm(14)okdY

ESvHk;a&m*gjzpfyGm;rI 80 &mckdifEIef;ukd BudKwifumuG,fEkdif


dkcsufpwm?azazmf0g&D-1
tar&duefEidk if w
H iG f ESv;kH a&m*g
onf eHygwfwpf vlowform;
jzpfaomfvnf; ESvHk;a&m*gjzpf
yGm;rI 80 &mckdifEIef;ukd BudKwif
umuG , f E k d i f a Mumif ; tar&d
uefEkdifiH Mayo aq;HkrS ESvHk;
txl;ukq&m0efBu;D rsm;u ajym
onf/
ES v H k ; a&m*gjzpf y G m ;Ek d i f r I
tE&m,fukd avQmhcsEkdifaom

enf;vrf;rsm;pGm&SdaMumif; ,if;
aq;HkrS a'gufwma*:*ef*kd
*ef u ajymMum;onf / uk d , f
vufvIyf&Sm;rIenf;aom b0
aexkid rf yI pkH rH mS aq;vdyaf omuf
jcif;uJhodkYyif ESvHk;twGuf tE
&m,frsm;NyD; aeYpOf 10 rdepfcefY
vIyfvIyf&Sm;&Sm; vkyfay;ygu ES
vHk;a&m*gjzpfyGm;Ekdifajcudk 50
&mckdifEIef;txd avQmhcsay;Ekdif
onf[k if;uajymMum;onf/

Hk;wGif vkyfukdifolrsm;t
aejzihf tD;ar;vfykdYrnfhtpm; t
em;oGm; pum;ajymjcif;? zkef;
ajymaepOf tdrftwGif; vSnhf
ywfvrf;avQmufjcif;rsm; vkyf
aqmifEidk af Mumif; a'gufwm*dk
*efu tBuHjyKonf/
tar&duefEkdifiHom;rsm;
rSm rdrdukd,fukd vdrfnm tdyf
pufrIrsm;aeaMumif;? okdYaomf
,if;tjyKtrlrmS aemufyidk ;f wGif

ES vHk;ukd 'kuay;EkdifaMumif; if;


u qufvufajymonf/
]]tdyaf &;00tdyzf Ykd vkyd gw,f/
'gayrJh ZdrfcHzdkYawmh r[kwfyg
bl;}}[k a'gufwm*k*d efuquf
Ref: UPI
vufajymonf/

rEav;? azazmf0g&D-2
rEav;aq;kBH u;D ta&;ay: vlemvufcu
H o
k Xme(ERC)odYk
a&muf&Sdvmaom vlemrsm;tm; Zefe0g&D 21 &ufrS pwif
um tcrJah q;0g;ukoay;aeaMumif; rEav;jynfoaYl q;kH
BuD;rS aq;kHtkyfBuD; a'gufwmarmif0if;uajymonf/
xdcu
kd 'f Pf&m &&Sv
d molrsm;? cJpG w
d &f rnfv
h el mrsm;tm;
tcrJah q;0g;ukoay;aeovdk aq;0g;ESihf ywfoufonfrsm;?
"mwfrSwfdkufjcif;? ECG (ESvkH;)dkufjcif;? RBS(qD;csKdazmuf
ay;jcif;)rsm;udyk g tcrJah qmif&u
G af y;jcif;jzpfaMumif;rEav;
jynfolYaq;kHBuD; aq;ukorI qufqHa&;rS OD;rif;vGifu
ajymonf/
tcrJah q;0g;ukoay; jcif;udk vmrnfh rwfvuket
f xd
aqmif&u
G af y;rnfjzpfNy;D rEav;aq;kBH uD;twGuf aq;0g;
0,f,ljznfhwif;&ef okH;vpmtwGuf usyfodef;wpfaxmif
&&Sx
d m;aMumif;ESihf a>rudu
k v
f el mtwGuf yxrtqifh tcrJh
aq;xd;k ay;jcif;wku
Yd ykd g prf;oyfumvtjzpf vkyaf qmifaeNy;D
aemufydkif;wGif xkdodkYjzpfyGm;olrsm;twGuf tvkH;pkH tcrJh
aq;0g;ukoay;Ekid &f ef BudK;pm;vkyaf qmifaeaMumif; a'guf
wmarmif0if;uajymonf/
Ny;D cJo
h nfhrEav;wkid ;f a'oBu;D vTwaf wmfyxrtBurd f
yOrykHrSeftpnf;ta0;wGif rEav;wkdif;a'oBuD;twGif;
&Sd ckwif 200ESifhtxuf jynfolaq;kHBuD;rsm;tm; jynfol
vlxu
k se;f rma&;twGufwpfvvQiu
f syo
f ed ;f 500bwf*suf
csxm;ay;&ef aqG;aEG;tNyD; ,ckuJhodkY tcrJhaq;0g;uko
ay;jcif;rsm; vkyfaqmifjcif;jzpfaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
rEav;jynfoUl aq;kBH u;D enf;wl rEav;wkid ;f twGi;f &Sd
tjcm;aq;kBH u;D rsm;wGiv
f nf; &&So
d nfh bwf*suEf iS hf aq;0g;
0,f,l jznfhwif;EkdifrIay:rlwnf tcrJhaq;0g;ukoay;
jcif;udk udk,fydkiftpDtpOfjzifh vkyfaqmif&ef pDpOfaeMu
aMumif; rEav;wkid ;f a'oBu;D tpk;d &tzJUG rS owif;&&So
d nf/

14

Health

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

pm(13)rS

uifqma&m*gtcsdKU ppfaq;Munfh&efrvdk[kqdk
e,l;*smpD?azazmf0g&D-1
uifqma&m*g &Sd?r&Sdukd acwfrDpufrsm;jzihf ppfaq;Munhf
&m om;tdrfuifqm? tlrBuD;uifqmESihf &ifom;uifqm
wkdYudk txda&mufqHk; ppfaq;Ekdifaomfvnf; tjcm;uifqm
trsdK;tpm; &SpfrsdK;udk ppfaq;rMunhfoifhaMumif; tar&d
uefaq;ynmuRrf;usifolrsm;u ajymMum;onf/
a&m*gvuPmjyojcif;r&Sdygu qD;tdwf? tqkwf?
cHwiG ;f ? rrsKd ;Otdr?f qD;usw
d ?f yefu&d,? ta&jym;ESifh uyfy,f
tdwfuifqmjzpf?rjzpfudk rppfaq;oihfaMumif; tar&duef
EkdifiHwGif xkwfjyefaom pm;oHk;olrsm;twGuf tpD&ifcHpm
azmfjyxm;onf/
vltrsm;pkrSm ]tHI;r&Sdygbl;}[laom pdwfxm;jzihf ppf
aq;MuNyD; ,if;okdY ppfaq;jcif;rS jzpfvmEkdifonfh tE&m,f
ukd avQmhwGufaeMuaMumif; Lonsumer Reports Health
Ratings Center \ xkwfjyefcsufwGif azmfjyonf/
om;tdraf cgif;uifqmppfaq;rItm; ,if;tpD&ifcpH m
wGif tjrihfqHk;trSwfay;xm;NyD; touf 21 ESihf 65 ESpfMum;
vli,f? vlvwftrsdK;orD;rsm; ppfaq;Munfhoifhonf[k
qkdxm;onf/ touf 21ESpfatmuf trsdK;orD;i,frsm;t
aejzihfrppfaq;oih[
f k tBujH yKxm;onf/ tlrBu;D uifqmukd
touf 50ESifh 75 ESpMf um; t"du ppfaq;oihaf Mumif; azmfjy
xm;onf/ &ifom;uifqmtwGuv
f nf; touf 50 ESifh 74
ESpfMum; trsdK;orD;rsm; t"duppfaq;oihfonf[k tpD&if
cHpmwGif qkx
d m;Ny;D tjcm;t&G,f trsKd ;orD;rsm; ppfaq;vkyd g
u ppfaq;jcif;\tusKd ;? tjypfrsm;udk q&m0efrsm;ESifh wkid yf if
oihfonf[k tpD&ifcHpmwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
Ref: UPI

uifqmjyem BuD;xGm;vm
aps;twGif;rsm;jym;vGef;
aeonfh tE&m,f&adS om tpm;
taomuf? aq;0g;rsm;tm;xde;f
csKyfrI avsmhenf;aeonfh t
wGuf pm;okH;olrsm;wGifxkduJhokdY
a&m*grsm;jzpf y G m ;aeonf [ k
jrefrmEkdifiHtpm;taomufESifh
aq;0g;uGyu
f aJ &;Xmeukd tjypf
wifa0zefrrI sm;vnf; &Sad eonf/
]]vlawGu jrefrmEkdifiHu
FDA ukd tar&dum;uFDA vkdY
xifaeMuw,f/tar&dum;u
FDA vkdtaemufuyHhykd;rIawG?
buf*sufawGeJYvkyfykdifcGifhawG
jznfhpnf;ay;r,fqkd&if 'Dxuf
awmhykdaumif;atmif vkyfEkdif
rSmayhg}}[ktpm;taomufESifh
aq;0g;uGyfuJa&;Xme tpm;
taomufrS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;
uajymonf/
FDAtaejzifXh mewGiw
f m
0efxrf;aqmifaeonfh0efxrf;
100cefo
Y nf oef;60ausmaf om
vlxt
k wGut
f E&m,fuif;onfh
tpm;taomufrsm;tjzpf t
vk;H pkpH pfaq;&ef rjzpfEidk b
f J vuf
&SdykHrSefjyKvkyfEkdifonfh twkdif;
twmudo
k mqufvufvyk u
f idk f
aeNyD;twkdif;twmwpfcktxd
vnf;atmifjrifaeum uifqm

a&m*gjzpfyGm;rI avsmhenf;ap
&eftwGuf tpm;taomufrsm;
tm;oD;oefYxdef;csKyfrItwGuf
aqmif&Guf&ef tpDtpOfr&Sd
aMumif; txufygyk*K v
d u
f ajym
onf/
xkaYd Mumift
h E&m,f&adS om
tpm;taomufrsm;xde;f csKy&f m
wGifxda&mufrIESifhta&;,lrI
tm;enf;aeonft
h ay:rnfoUdk
t&Sdefjrifhaqmif&Guf&eftpDt
pOf &Sd ?r&Sd qkdonfhtqkdukd ,ck
usi;f yaeonfv
h w
T af wmftpnf;
ta0;wGif xyfrHar;cGef;wif
xm;aMumif;jynfolYvTwfawmf
ukd,fpm;vS,f a'gufwmoef;
0if;uajymonf/
]]oufqkdif&muawmh r
vkyfbl;r[kwfbl;/ t&ifu
wnf ; uvk y f a ewmyJ v k d Y a jym
w,f/ 'gayrJh xda&mufrIrSr&Sd
wm/ tJ'gukd t&SdefjrifhNyD;vkyf&
rSmyg/ tckawmh xda&mufwt
hJ
a&; ,lrIawGtm;enf;awmh vl
awG tm;vkH;rSm tE&,fjzpfae
wmudk Munhaf e&w,f}}[k a'guf
wmoef;0if;uajymonf/
,cifusif;yNyD;pD;cJhonfh
vT w f a wmf t pnf ; ta0;wG i f
xkd ar;cGef;rsKd;ar;jref;ajzMum;cJh
aomfvnf;,cktcsdeftxd xd
a&mufaomaqmif&GufrI r&Sd
onft
h wGuf xyfrHar;cGef; ar;
jref;jcif;jzpfaMumif;od&onf/
jrefrmEkid if w
H iG fuifqma&m
*gjzpfyGm;rI rnfrQtE&m,f&SdNyD
jzpfaMumif;ESifh rnfonfhpm;
aomufukefrsm;wGif tE&m,f
jzpfaponfh tqdyftawmuf
rsm;yg0ifaeaMumif;? vlxktm;
yGifhyGifhvif;vif;w&m;0ifxkwf
jyefowday;jcif;rsm;vnf; aqmif
&Guo
f ifah eNyjD zpfaMumif; a'guf
wmcifarmifviG u
f if;\tjrif
ukdajymonf/
]]'gqkduse;f rma&;0efBu;D Xm
ewpfckwnf;ukdvnf; vkyfvkdUr
&bl;/National awarenessjzpf
atmif v k y f N yD ; aqmif & G u f r S &
awmhr,f/aowJhvlawGvnf;
renf;awmhbl;/ 'gukd'Dtwkdif;

qufxm;&if jrefrm[m urmrSm


uifqmtjzpftrsm;qkH;eJU t
aotaysmuftrsm;qk;H Ekid if NH zpf
oGm;vdrfhr,f}}[k a'gufwm
cifarmifvGifu ajymonf/
tylykdif;EkdifiHjzpfonfht
wGuf aea&mifjcnfEiS fh ykrd x
dk ad wGU
rIrsm;jym;aomfvnf; aea&mif
jcnfatmufwGif tyl'Pfum
uG,fonfh tumrsm;tokH;rjyK
jcif ;aMumifh jzpfymG ;onfh uifqm
a&m*grsm;onfjzpfyGm;avh&SdNyD;
&mckdifEIef; enf;aomfvnf; BuKd
wifumuG,frI enf;onfht
wGuf jrefrmEkdifiHonftjcm;
aomEkdifiHrsm;xuf ykdrkdjzpfyGm;rI
rsm;aMumif;od&onf/

tonf;uifqmuJhokdU
a&m*gykd;aMumifh jzpfyGm;onfh
uif q ma&m*grsm;wG i f v nf ;
jrefrmEkdifiHonf tjcm;aom
EdkifiHrsm;xufrsm;jym;aMumif;
a'gufwmcifarmifvGifuajym
onf/ txufygtajctae 2
ckxufuifqma&m*gykdrkdjzpfap
onft
h qdyt
f awmufrsm;yg0if
aomtpm;tpm pm;okH;rIwGif
vnf; jrefrmEkdifiHonf tjcm;
aomEkdifiHrsm;xuf rsm;jym;ae
jyefonf/ xkdtaMumif;rsm;
aMumifh jrefrmEkid if o
H nf uifqm
a&m*gjzpfyGm;rItrsm;qkH;EkdifiH
pm&if;wGifyg0ifcJhonf/
tqkwfuifqm? &ifom;
uif q m? trsKd ; orD ; vd i f t *F g
wpf0kdufwGifjzpfyGm;onfh uif
qma&m*grsm;? tpmtdrt
f v
l rf;
aMumif;qkdif&m uifqma&m*g
rsm;ESihftonf;uifqmrsm;onf
jynfwiG ;f wGit
f jzpfrsm;aeonfh
uifqma&m*grsm;jzpfNyD;xkda&m
*grsm;onf rsm;aomtm;jzifh
tpm;taomufwiG yf g0ifaom
tqdyt
f awmufrsm;aMumifjh zpf
yGm;jcif;jzpfonf/
aiGjrefjrefay:atmif ykd;
owfaq;okH;xm;NyD; aps;uGuf
okdUjrefjrefykdUvkduf&onfhtpm;
tpmrsm;rS"mwkt<uif;tusef
rsm;aMumif h v nf ; aumif ; ? t
a&mifvSBuKdufonfh tdrf&Sifr
rsm;twGuf ykdrkdtokH;jyKxm;
onfh ta&mifwif"mwkypnf;
rsm;aMumifhvnf;aumif; ? wl;
atmifuifxm;onft
h pm;tpm

trsKd;rsKd;? wm&SnfcHatmif xnfh


oGif;xm;aom "mwkypn;f rsm;
yg0ifonfh tpm;tpmrsm; aeYpOf
pm;okH;aom qD? ikwfponfwkdY
wGif yg0ifaeonfh tqdyft
awmufjzpfapaom rIdqdyfrsm;
aMumifv
h nf;aumif;? tylcsed jf yif;
jyif;eJaY Mumfxm;wJh tmvl;aMumf
rS xGuf&Sdvmonfh tqdyfrsm;
aMumifv
h nf;aumif;ponfph onfh
aeYpOfpm;aeMuonfhtpm;t
pmrsm;rS tm[m&rsm;tjyif t
qdyfrsm;yg cEmukd,ftwGif;
wjznf;jznf;pkNH yKv
H monfhaemuf
qufwGJa&m*gvnf;jzpfonf/
aps;uGuftwGif;tpm;t
aomufrsm;wGif tE&m,fjzpf
apaomt&mrsm;rsm;jym;pGmyg
0ifaeonfhtajctaeonf jy
oemwpfckr[kwfbJ rnfonfh
EkdifiHwGifrS 100&mckdifESKef; tE
&,fuif;aomtpm;taomuf
jzpfatmif rxde;f csKyEf idk af Mumif;
tqkyd gwm0ef&o
dS u
l qufvuf
ajymonf/

aeYpOf pm;aomufaom
tqdyfrsm;rS cEmukd,ftwGif;
Mum&SnfpGmpkrdjcif;aMumifhjzpf
yGm;onhf uifqma&m*gum
uG,f&eftwGuftmPmykdift
zGJU tpnf;omru wpfa,muf
csif;pDuvnf;rdrdusef;rma&;
twGuf tedrfhqkH;tm;jzifh uif
qmjzpfaponft
h pm;t aomuf
rsm;rxnfhrdap&efwkdufwGef;vkd
aMumif; a'gufwmcif armifviG f
u ajymonf/
jrefrmEkdifiHwGif ul;pufrI
r[kwfonfha&m*grsm;aMumifh
aoqkH;rIESifhywfoufNyD; usef;
rma&;0efBuD;Xmersm;ESifh vlxk
twGi;f qifjcifoifo
h nftaM
h umif;
t&mrsm;tm; rMumcP xnfh
oG i f ; a&;om;rI r sm;&S d a eaomf
vnf; ,cktcsdefxd ta&mifqkd;
xm;aomtpm;tpmrsm;? ykd;
owfaq;MuiG ;f usef tpm;tpm
rsm;? e,fpyfrS 0ifa&mufvm
onfh uav;BuKu
d t
f pyfacsmif;
rsm;? rD;ckd;wvlvl tuifrsm;rSm
awGUaepm;aejrJjzpfNyD; uifqm
a&m*gonfvnf; Mum;&zefrsm;
vmonfh a&m*gjzpfvmaMumif;
wmarGNrKdUe,frS wuokdvf yg
armuwpfO;D u ajymonf/

Vol.11,
Vol.10,
No.48
No.13
February
June 16,72011
, 2013

pm;okH;qDtcsKdUwGif qDrcJaponfh "mwktrIefYrsm; a&maESma&mif;csae


nDnDaZmf
rEav;? azazmf0g&D -2
rEav;NrKd UwGif a&mif;csaeaom
pm;okH;qDtcsKdUwGifrcJaponfh
"mwktrIew
Yf pfrsK;d a&maESmxnfh
oGi;f a&mif;csjcif;rsK;d &Sad eaMumif;
qDvyk if ef;&Sif tcsKUd xHrS owif;
&&Sdonf/
qDvyk if ef;twGuf ok;H pG&J ef
r[kwfbJ za,mif;vkyfief;vkyf
ukdif&mwGif okH;pGJonfh "mwkt
rIefYwpfrsKd;udk okH;pGJaeonf[k

,lq&aMumif;? if;"mwktrIefY
onf wk w f E k d i f i H b uf r S 0if
a&mufjcif;jzpfaMumif;? ppfaq;
ay;&eftwGuv
f nf; rEav;NrKUd
awmfpnfyifESifh w&m;r0ifukef
ypnf;rsm;udk ppfaq;ta&;,l
aeaom rkdbkdif;tzGJUrsm;okdYoGm;
a&muf w k d i f M um;xm;NyD ; jzpf
aMumif; rEav;wkdif;a'oMuD;
qDukefonfrsm;ESifh qDvkyfief;
&Sifrsm;toif;rS twGif;a&;rI;
OD;xGef;xGef;u ajymonf/

]]tJ't
D rIeaYf wGu za,mif;
udk t&nfazsmfwJhae&mrSmokH;
wm? za,mif;t&nfukd vkH;0r
cJapawmhbl;/ tE&m,fawmf
awmfrsm;ygw,f}} [k rEav;NrKYdrS
qDpufvyk if ef;&Siw
f pfO;D uaNym
onf/
,cifu ajryJqDeHY&ap&ef
"mwkaq;rsm;jzifh jyKvkyfxm;
aomteHYrsm; xnhfoGif;avh&Sd
Ny;D ,cktcg qDrcJap&eftwGuf
"mwktrIefYrsm; xnhfoGif;vm

jcif;jzpfonf/ wkwfEkdifiHbuf
rSvnf; pm;ok;H qDrsm; 0ifa&muf
aeNyD; ,if;qDrsm;uvnf;vkH;0
rcJaMumif;? pm;ok;H qDtwGuf ykrd dk
tE&m,frsm;vmaMumif;qDvyk f
ief;&SiftcsKdUu okH;oyfonf/

rcJ a ponf h trI e f Y x nh f
xm;onfhpm;okH;qD tcsKdUonf
ajryJqDoefY[k a&;xkd;xm;um
aps;EIef;rSmrl ajryJqDppfppfaps;
ESKef;xuf rsm;pGmaps;oufom
aMumif;? yJqDppfppfaps;rSmusyf

rHk&GmNrKdUe,f&Sd v,f,mvkyfom;trsm;pk tjcm;vkyfief;rsm; ajymif;a&TUvkyfudkifvm


rsKd;rif;OD;
rHk&Gm? azazmf0g&D-1
rHk&GmNrKdUe,ftwGif;&Sd v,f,m
vkyfom;trsm;pkrSm jynfwGif;
aqmuf v k y f a &;vk y f i ef ; rsm;?
pufrIvufrIvkyfief;rsm;wGif
ajymif;a&TUvkyfudkifolrsm;vm
aMumif; rHk&Gma'ocH v,f,m
vkyfom;rsm;\ ajymMum;csuf
t& od&Sd&onf/
]]vGefcJhwJh q,fESpfavmuf
wkef;u jynfyEdkifiHawG xGuf
NyD; tvkyfvkyfvdkY v,f,mvkyf
om;awG avsmhoGm;w,f/ tck
aemufydkif; jynfwGif;aqmuf
vkyaf &;vkyif ef;awG? pufrv
I uf
rI vkyfief;awGu 0ifaiGydk&vdkY
v,f , mvk y f o m;tjzpf vk y f
udik o
f l enf;vmw,f/ &Sw
d hJ v,f
,mvkyfom;awGuvnf; t&if
vdk aeYpm;eJY vkyw
f mxuf tjywf
pdkufpepfwdkYvdk uefxdkuf o
abmeJYvkyfudkifol ydkenf;w,f/
&SdwJh v,f,mvkyfom;awGu
vnf; t&ifvdkaeYpm;eJY vkyfwm
xuf tjywfpdkufpepfwdkYvdk uef
xdkufoabmeJY vkyftm;c,l
vmMuw,f}} [k rH&k mG NrKUd e,f rif;
&Gmaus;&Gma'ocH v,f,mvkyf
om;wpfOD;u ajymonf/
rHk&GmNrKdU yk*vdu aqmuf
vkyfa&;vkyfief;wGif 0ifa&muf

"mwfykH-rsdK;rif;OD;

vkyfudkifaeaom v,f,mvkyf
om;wpfOD;uvnf; ]]awmifol
vkyfief;qdkwm EGm;eJY zufkef;&
wm/ awmifolvkyfief;u &moD
uzsuf? aps;uGufuzsuf? yJGpm;
uzsuef YJ tckaemufyikd ;f ta<u;
odyw
f ifwm/ awmifov
l yk o
f m;
vkyw
f m ESpaf ygif; ESpq
f ,fausmf
NyD/ wpf&ufudk vkyftm;ctae
eJY a,musfm;av; ESpfaxmifhig;
&m? rdef;uav; wpfaxmifhig;
&m 'gawmif yHkrSefrvkyf&bl;/
aqmufvkyfa&;vkyfief;rSmu
tedrfhqHk; usyfoHk;axmifhig;&m
uae usyf ajcmufaxmiftxd
uRrf;usifrItay: rlwnfNyD;&

w,f}} [k qdkonf/
rHk&GmNrKdUe,ftwGif; v,f
,mvkyfom;rsm; wpfESpfxuf
wpfESpf&Sm;yg;vmjcif;aMumifh
teD;ywf0ef;usif NrKdUe,frsm;
&Sd aus;&Gmrsm;rS v,f,mvkyf
om;rsm; iS m ;&rf ; vk y f u d k i f &
onftxd jzpfay:vmaMumif;
rHk&GmNrKdUe,f orEmaus;&Gma'
ocH MuufoeG pf u
kd af wmiforl sm;
ajymjycsuft& od&onf/

&moDOwk'Pf aps;uGuf
taetxm;ESihf pdkufysKd;p&dwf
jrihfwufvmrIrsm;aMumifh pdkuf
ysKd;a&; vkyfudkifaom awmifol
tcsKdU tjcm;pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;

rsm; ajymif;vJvkyfudkifvmonhf
aemufydkif; v,f,mvkyfom;
trsm;pkrSmvnf; tjcm;aom
vkyfief;rsm;wGif ajymif;a&TU vkyf
udkifol ydkrdkrsm;jym;vmjcif;jzpf
aMumif; od&onf/
2000 jynhfESpfaemufydkif;
jynfyEdkifiHrsm;okdY oGm;a&muf
vkyu
f ikd o
f rl sm;aMumifh v,f,m
vkyfom; tcufBuHKawGUcJh&NyD;
2010 aemufydkif;wGif jynfwGif;
aqmufvkyfa&;ESihf pufrIvuf
rIvkyfief;rsm;odkY ajymif;a&TUvkyf
udkifol ydkrdkrsm;jym;vmaMumif;
a'ocHawmiforl sm; ajymjycsuf
rsm;t& od&onf/

3400 xufrenf;Ekid af Mumif;?qD


vkyfief;&SifwpfOD;u ajymonf/
tr&yl&NrKdUrS touf 35
ESpft&G,f trsKd;orD;wpfOD;u
]]ajryJqD tppfaps;u ukd,feJY
tvSrf;uGmawmh oifh&myJ 0,f
pm;ae&w,f/ a&m*gjzpfawmhrS
jzpfawmha&muf&myJ }} [k ajym
onf/
]]pm;wJo
h al wGuv
dk nf; a&G;
cs,fpm;okH;apcsifygw,f/ rcJ
wkdif;yJqDeHY&wkdif; yJqDr[kwf

wm odapcsifw,f/ vkyfwJhol
awGukdvnf; oHo&mygr,fht
vkyfawGrvkyfapcsifbl;/ usifh
0wfav;eJYtnD vkyfapcsifyg
w,f}} [k qDtoif;twGif;a&;
rSL;u ajymonf/
vuf&SdwGif ,if;"mwkrIefY
ok;H pGx
J m;onf[k,lq&onfhpm;
okH;qDwHqdyfrsKd;pkHrSm aps;uGuf
twGif;okdY us,fjyefYpGm a&muf&Sd
aeNyjD zpfNy;D (50)usyo
f m;yg wpf
bl;vQifusy1f 500 0ef;usi&f o
dS nf/

jynfBuD;r*Fvmukefwif,mOfpcef;
pDrHudef;twGuf v,fodrf;cH&olrsm;
ydkvQHajrrsm; jyefvnfawmif;cH
nDnDaZmf
rEav;? Zefe0g&D -30
rE a v;Nrd K U? pG , f a wmf apwD
awmfteD; jynfBuD;r*Fvmukef
wif ,mOf&yfem;pcef; pDrHudef;
aqmufvkyfNyD;pD;NyDjzpf ydkvQH
ajr{u 50 cefYudk EdkifiHawmf
orwxH wifjyawmif;cHxm;
aMumif; pDrHudef;twGuf v,f
ajr todrf;cHcJh&onhf ewfa&
uefaus;&GmrS awmifol 42 OD;
xHrS owif;&&Sdonf/
1997 ckESpfcefYu v,fajr
pkpkaygif; 105 {uudk pDrHudef;
twGuf odrf;qnf;cHcJh&NyD; xdk
pOfu v,fajrwpf{uvQif ay
40? ay 60) wpfuGufEIef;ay;
rnfqdkaomfvnf; ,aeYtcsdef
xd r&ao;[kqdkonf/
ukew
f if ,mOf&yfem;pcef;
twGuf v,fajr{u 62 'or
8 {u oHk;pJGcJhonf[k od&ojzihf
toHk;rjyKbJ usef&Sdonfh ydkvQH
ajr{u 50 0ef;usifudk rdrdwdkY
awmifol 42 OD;twGuf jyefay;
apvdkojzihf wifjy&jcif; jzpf
aMumif; ,if;awmifolrsm;u

qkdonf/

]]ab;uyf v suf u uk e f
pnf'dkifpDrHudef;twGuf todrf;
cH & wJ h awmif o l a wG u sawmh
avsmaf Mu;awG&w,fvMYkd um;yg
w,f/ uRefawmfwdkYusawmh epf
emaMu;vnf; ray;? ae&mt
pm;vnf; jyefr&? bmrSvnf;
vkyfray;ygbl;/ 'gaMumifh ydkwJh
ajrae&mav; jyefawmif;wm
yg}} [k awmifol OD;aomif;xGef;
u ajymonf/

jynfBuD;r*Fvmukefwif
,mOf & yf e m;pcef ; opf o nf
62 'or 08 {u us,f0ef;NyD;
ukew
f if*w
d cf ef;aygif; 289 cef;
yg0ifonf/

NrdKUwGif;&Sd ukefwifum;
*dwfrsm;udkvnf; ,if;ukefwif
,mOf&yfem;pcef;topfodkY az
azmf0g&Dv 15 &uf aemufqHk;
xm; a&TUajymif;&ef NrKdUawmf0ef
u tod a y;xm;aomf v nf ;
tcef; wefzdk;rsm; jrifhrm;aerI
aMumifh ukefwif *dwfydkif&Sifrsm;
rajymif ; a&T U Muao;aMumif ;
owif;&&Sdonf/

&efukef-Nrdwf yk*vdu txl;tjrefa&,mOf jyefvnfajy;qGJrnf


&efrsdK;Ekdif? rdk;ndK
&efukef?
Zefe0g&D-30
oHk;ESpfMum &yfem;xm;aom &ef
ukef-Nrdwf a&aMumif;c&D;pOf
tm; yk*vduykdif a&,mOfvkdif;
wpfcu
k azazmf0g&Dvyxrywf
twGi;f jyefvnfajy;qGo
J mG ;rnf
jzpfaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/

a&rdkif 340 uGma0;aom


tqk d y g c&D ; pOf u d k For tune
Express a&,mOfvdkif;rS c&D;
onf 350 pD;eif;Ekid af om txl;
tjrefa&,mOf z(727)jzihf az
azmf0g&D 2 &ufrS pwifajy;qGJ
rnfjzpfaMumif; ,if;a&,mOf
vkdif;ydkif&Sif OD;ausmufpdrf;u
ajymonf/


&efukef-Nrdwf c&D;pOfrSm
12 em&DcefY Mumjrifrh nfjzpfonfh
twGuf c&D;onf wpfOD;vQif
vufrSwfc av;aomif;usyf
owfrSwfxm;NyD; Adkvfwaxmif
qdyfurf;rS av;&ufvQif wpf
Budrfajy;qGJay;rnfjzpfaMumif;
od&onf/
,cifu jrefrmEkid if aH wmif

ydkif;&Sd NrdKUrsm;okdY jrefrmhMu,fig;


yGifhoabFmvkdif;rS ajy;qGJay;cJh
aomfvnf; ,if;oabFmvkdif;
ukd jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;OD;ykdifukrPD
vDrdwufrS vufvTJ,lcsdefrSpNyD;
ajy;qGjJ cif;rjyKawmhonfrmS oH;k
ESpaf usmMf umjrifch NhJ yjD zpfaMumif;
jynfwGif;a&aMumif; ykdYaqmif
a&;rS 'kwd,taxGaxGrefae

*sm OD;av;oGifuajymonf/
vuf & S d w G i f jref r mEd k i f i H
awmif y k d i f ; Nrd K Ursm;ok d Y av
aMumif;c&D;jzihfom t"duoGm;
a&mufMuNy;D jrefrmhavaMumif;?
tJyk*H? tJuarmZ avaMumif;
vdik ;f rsm;u aeYpOfyso
H ef;ay;ae
um av,mOfvufrw
S cf rSm usyf
wpfoed ;f 0ef;usifukeu
f saMumif;

a'ocHrsm;xHrS od&onf/
]]Nrw
d u
f ae &efuek f vm&if
um;vrf ; uqk d ; w,f / wpf
a,mufudk usyf 18000 us
w,f/ xm;0,frSmwpfntdyf&
w,f}}[k NrdwfNrdKUa'ocH ukdvS
armifu ajymMum;onf/

16

Regional

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

ref;pnfyiftBuHay;tzJGU zJGUpnf;
pdkif;omatmif
rEav;? azazmf0g&D-2
rEav;NrKUd awmf pnfyifom,m
a&;aumfrwD tBuHay;tzJGUudk
NrKdUrdNrKdUz 10 OD;jzihf zJGUpnf;cJh
aMumif ; Zef e 0g&D 31 &uf u
rEav;wdkif;a'oBuD; 0efBuD;
csKyfOD;&Jjrihfu ajymonf/
,if ; tBuH a y;tzJ G U tm;
rEav;&Sd NrKdUe,f ajcmufNrKdUe,f
&Sd bmoma&;? vlrIa&;toif;
tzJGUrsm;wGif yg0ifaqmif&Guf
aeolrsm;ESihf pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;
&Sifrsm;jzihf zJGUpnf;vdkufjcif;jzpf
aMumif; od&onf/
]]uRefawmfwdkYtzJGUu NrKdU
aevlxkeJY tpOfxdawGUNyD; NrKdU
vlxk&JU toH? NrKdUvlxk&JU cHpm;
csufawGudk NrKdUawmf0efeJY NrKdU
awmfpnfyifaumfrwDwdkYu t
oday;wifjyNyD; NrKdUvlxk tusKd;
twGuf aqmif&Guf&rSmyg}} [k
tBuHay;tzJGUwGif yg0ifonhf
r[matmifajrNrKdUe,frS pD;yGm;
a&;vkyfief;&Sif OD;ausmf0if;u
ajymonf/

aejynfawmfe,fajrtwGif;
w&m;r0ifqdkifu,fjzihf
jypfrIusL;vGefolrsm; zrf;rd

"mwfykH-rsdK;rif;OD;

vufyHawmif;awmifaMu;eD pDrHudef; Nidrf;csrf;pGm qExkwfazmfcJhonfh oydwfpcef;rsm;rS oHCmawmfrsm;ESifh a'ocHjynfolrsm;tm;


NzKd ciG ;f ESrd ef if;jcif; ESpv
f jynft
h xdr;f trSwt
f jzpf ArmEkid if v
H ;Hk qkid &f m ausmif; om;rsm;or*tzJUG ausmif;om;? ausmif;olrsm;? qm;vif;
BuD;NrdKUe,f? wkHaus;&Gm? a&TavSaus;&GmESifh teD;ywf0ef;usiaf us;&Gma'ocHjynfolrsm;OD;aqmif a'ocH 300 ausmfwdkYonf Zefe0g&D
29 &uf aeYv,fydkif;u Nidrf;csrf;pGmqExkwfazmfcJhaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/

urmvSnhfc&D;oGm;rsm; ajrmufOD;odkYoGm;&ef cGifhjyKcsufawmif;ae&qJ


jrwfpkrGef
&efukef? azazmf0g&D-2
&cdkifjynfe,f ajrmufOD;NrKdUodkY
urmvSnfhc&D;onfrsm; w&m;
0ifoGm;a&mufvnfywfcGifh r&Sd
ao;bJ cGifhjyKrdefY awmif;&ef vdk
tyf a eqJ j zpf a Mumif ; jref r m
EdkifiH {nhfvrf;Tefrsm;toif;rS
owif;&&Sdonf/
]]od y f z G i f h a y;wJ h taet

xm; r[kwaf o;bl;/ [dw


k ,fu
wm0efcEH ikd w
f ,fq&kd if cGijhf yKred Yf
twGuf 0efBuD;Xmeudk tqifh
qifh wifjyzdkYvdkwJhtaMumif;
odyfrMumao;cifu vkyfwJh 0ef
BuD;eJY awGUqHkyJGrSm ajymygw,f/
iyvDuawmh &w,f/ ajrmufO;D
bufu r&ao;bl;}} [k jrefrm
EdkifiH {nhfvrf;Tefrsm;toif;
jyefMum;a&; wm0efcH OD;xGef;

jrwfu ajymonf/
xdkYjyif ,ckESpf yGifhvif;&m
oDwGif iyvDodkY urmvSnfh c&D;
onfvma&mufvnfywfrIEIef;
rSm rESpfuESifh,SOfvQif 30 &m
cdkifEIef;cefY usqif;oGm;aMumif;
iyvDurf;ajc[dkw,fZkef Ou|
u ajymonf/

2012 ES p f v ,f y d k i f ; rS
pwifjzpfyGm;cJhonhf &ckdifjynf

e,fwGif; vlrsKd;a&; y#dyursm;


ESifh rMumao;rDu jzpfymG ;cJo
h nhf
av,mOf r awmf w qrI ? armf
awmf,mOfrawmfwqrIrsm;u
vnf; {nhfonfvma&mufEIef;
udk usqif;aponhf tcsufrsm;
jzpfaMumif; txufygyk*Kdvfu
ajymonf/

]][dkw,ftcef;cawGu
vnf; jrihfvmw,f/ NyD;awmh 'D

ESpfrSm urmhpD;yGm;a&;uvnf;
usw,f / azazmf 0 g&D t wG u f
vnf; bGwfcfuif &xm;wmu
enf;aew,f}} [k iyvDurf;ajc
[dkw,fZkef Ou| OD;ausmfpGm
armifarmifu ajymonf/
iyvDurf;ajcodkY ,ckESpfrS
pwifvma&mufvnfywfonhf
EdkifiHjcm; c&D;oGm;rsm;rSm y#d
yujzpfyGm;cJhpOfu nrxGuf&

oef;xl;
aejynfawmf? azazmf0g&D-1
aejynfawmfaumifpDe,fajr
twGi;f w&m;r0ifqikd u
f ,fjzihf
usL;vGefonhf vk,ufrI&SpfrI\
w&m;cHrsm;tm; zrf;qD;&rdxm;
NyjD zpfaMumif; aejynfawmf ,mOf
pnf;urf;xde;f odr;f a&; BuD;Muyf
rI aumfrwD0ifwpfOD;u ajym
Mum;onf/

&mZ0wf usL;vGefolrsm;
onf w&m;r0ifqdkufu,frsm;
jzihf tjcm;qdkifu,f toHk;jyKol
rsm;xHrS ydkufqHtdwfESihf qJGBuKd;
rsm; vk,ljzwfajy;jcif;rsm; jyK
vkyfcJhaMumif; od&onf/
vk , uf r I & S p f r I w G i f NyD ; cJ h
onhf 2012 ckESpfu ckepfrIESihf
,ckESpf Zefe0g&Dvu wpfrIjzpf
onf/
aejynf a wmf e,f a jrt
wGif; w&m;r0if qdkifu,frsm;
tjyif w&m;r0if armf a wmf
,mOfrsm;udkyg toHk;jyKvsuf&Sd
onhftwGuf ppfaq;a&;tzJGU
rsm;u ,mOftm;vHk;udk ppfaq;
vsuf&SdNyD; jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;
Xmersm;ESifh jynfaxmifpt
k qihf
H;k rsm;udv
k nf; BuKw
d if taMumif;
Mum;xm;NyD;jzpfaMumif; owif;
&&Sdonf/
trdefYxkwfcJhonhf oHwJGNrKdUodkY
oG m ;a&muf v nf y wf r I avsmh
enf;oGm;aMumif; a'ocH udk
ausmfpdk;xGef;u ajymonf/

17

Regional

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

'kX0wDjrpfa&udk oefYpif rEav;NrdKUwGif a&ay;a0Ekdif&ef BuKdwifavhvmrIjyKvkyfae


armifwm
rEav;? azazmf0g&D -1
'kX0wDjrpfa&udkoefYpif rE
av;NrKUd tm; a&ay;a0Ekid &f ef t
BuKdavhvmrIjyKvkyfaeaMumif;
rEav;pnfyifa&ESifh a&oefY
XmerSowif;&&Sdonf/
vGecf o
hJ nfEh pS v
f cefrY pS w if
rav;&Sm;? *syefukrPDrsm;rS
uGif;qif;avhvmaejcif;NzpfNyD;
jzpfEkdifajcukefusp&dwfay:rI

wnf qufvufaqmif&Guf
&ef pDpOfxm;aMumif; 'kX0wDNrpf
a&udkoefYpif rEav;NrKdUt
wGufa&ay;a0Ekdif&eftwGuf
a&oefYpifpufkH? ykdufvkdif;pepf
rsm;? a&wGe;f pufrsm;vkt
d yfrnf
jzpfNyD; ukefusp&dwfrsm;jym;rnf
jzpfum wkid ;f a'oBu;D tpk;d &tzGUJ
rSwpfqifhacs;aiGrsm;jzifhaqmif
&G u f & ef p D p Of x m;aMumif ; rE
av;pnfyifa&ESiahf &oefXY merS

wm0ef&Sdolu ajymonf/
vuf&SdrEav;NrKdU a&ay;
a0rIpepfwiG f NrKUd \ajrmufbuf
ykdif;NrKdUe,frsm;jzpfaom atmif
ajrompH ? csrf ; at;ompH ES i f h
ratmifajrNrKdUe,frsm;ukdom
a&ykdufvkdif;pepfjzifh a&ay;a0
EkdifNyD; NrKdUopfykdif;awmifbuf
jcrf;NrKdUe,frsm;jzpfaom csrf;Nr
ompnf E S i f h j ynf B uD ; wH c G e f N rKd U
e,fwUdk rSmyku
d v
f idk ;f pepfrS a&r&Sd

yJ uk,
d yf idk w
f ;l a&wGi;f rsm;udo
k m
t"dutm;xm;ok;H pGaJ e&onf/
ukd,fykdifa&wGif;rwl;Ekdif
olrsm;rSm eD;pyf&mtdrfESifh ref;
pnfyifrS wl;ay;xm;onfha&
wGif;rsm;ukdom rSSDckdokH;pGJae&NyD;
aEG&moDa&xGufenf;csdefwGif
a&rvkHavmufbJ tcufcJrsm;
pGmBuKHawGUae&aMumif;csrf;jr
ompnfESifh jynfBuD;wHcGefNrKdUcH
rsm;uajymonf/

ykdufvkdif;pepfjzifh jzefYa0
ay;onfha&rvkHavmuf a&
wGif;rsm;wl;azmfokH;pGJaeMu&m
rEav;NrKdUwGif a&wGif;aygif;
(21070 ) wGif;&SdaMumif; rE
av;pnfyif pm&if;Z,m;rsm;
t&od&Sd&onf/
ykdufvkdif;pepfjzifh a&jzefY
a0ay;aom ok;H cGNrKUd e,ftwGuf
aeYpOfa&*gvef(35) oef;ausmf
jzefYjzL;ay;Ekdif&efvkdtyfvsuf&Sd

awmifolrsm;twGuf wkd;jrifhacs;aiGrsm;tm; tacsmiform;rsm; vdrfvnf&,lrnfukdpkd;&drf[k 0efBuD;OD;jrihfvdIifqkd


0if;ausmf0if;
aejynfawmf?Zefe0g&D-26
awmifolv,form;rsm;tm;
pkdufysdK;p&dwfacs;aiGtjzpf pyg;
oD;ESHwpf{u usyfwpfodef;? BuH
oD;ESHwpf{u usyfwpfodef;ESihf
&moD oD ; ES H wpf { u usyf E S p f
aomif; xkwfay;rnfhtay: t
acsmiform;rsm;u enf;vrf;rsKd ;
pHkjzihf vdrfvnf&,lMurnfht
a&; pdk;&drfylyefrdaMumif; v,f
,mpkdufysdK;a&;ESihf qnfajrmif;
0efBu;D Xme? jynfaxmifp0k efBuD;
uajymMum;onf/
0efBu;D OD;jrifv
h iId u
f 'uP
d
oD&dNrdKUe,f tqihfjrifhv,fajr
wm3000azmfxw
k af &;vkyif ef;
cGif awmifolv,form;rsm;
ESihfawGUqHkpOftxufygtwkdif;
ajymMum;cJhaMumif; owif;&&Sd

onf/
]]tacsmif o rm;awG u
awmifolawGudk aiGxkwfay;
r,fhtcsdefrSm avmif;upm;0kdif;
trsdK;rsdK;vkyfMur,f/ ESpfvHk;xD?
oHk;vHk;xDawG a&mif;r,fqkd&if
pkdufysdK;p&dwfaiG tv[jzpf
ukefrSm pdk;&drfw,f/ avmif;u
pm;rIawG yaysmufatmif? aus;
&GmawGrmS vH;k 0tjrpfjywf atmif
vkyfEkdifrS v,form;awG&JUt
&if;tESD;awG raysmufrSm/ tJ'g
ukd a'orSm wm0ef&SdwJh tkyfcsKyf
a&;rSL;awG? jynfolY&JawGeJY wm
0efodjynfolawGyl;aygif;Muyf
rwfzkdY vkdtyfygw,f}}[k 0efBuD;
u ajymMum;cJhonf/
xkdYtjyif rormolrsm;rS
avmif;upm;ESihf wGJzuf
awmifolrsm;tm; rl;,pfaq;

"mwfykH-oef;xl;

0g;? t&ufaopmrsm;yg a&mif;


csvmygu awmifolrsm; epfem
EkdifaMumif;? Xmetaejzihf acs;
aiGrsm; csay;&mwGifawmifol
rsm; vufwGif;okdY tjynfht0
&&Sdap&ef aqmif&Gufrnfjzpf
aMumif;? jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;

OD;jrifv
h idI u
f ajymMum;cJah Mumif;
owif;&&Sdonf/
,cktcsdefwGif awmifol
v,form;rsm;udk pdkufysdK;acs;
aiG xkwaf y;Ekid af &;twGuf pdu
k f
{u pm&if;Z,m; rSefuefa&;
ESihf v,f,majrvkyfykdifcGihft

axmuftxm;rsm;&&Sad &;twGuf
wkdif;a'oBuD;? jynfe,ftpkd;&
rsm;ESihf oufqkdif&m ajrpm&if;
OD;pD;XmewkdYrS uGif;qif;pm&if;
aumuf,ljcif;rsm;udktcsdefESihf
wpfajy;nDaqmif&GufaMumif;
owif;&&Sdonf/

pufrIvkyfief;&Sifrsm; rjzpfrae a&qkd;oefYpifpGefYxkwf&ef ref;pnfyifTefMum;


nDnDaZmf? armifwm
rEav;?
azazmf0g&D -2
puf&kHxkwfa&qkd;rsm;aMumif h
ywf0efusifnpfnrf;NyD;NrKdU\
om,mvSya&; xdckdufrIr&Sdap
&eftwGuf rEav;pufrZI ek w
f iG f
vnfywfvkyfukdifaeaom puf
kHrsm;taejzifh rjzpfraea&qkd;
oeYpf ifpeG x
Yf w
k &f ef rEav;pnf
yifu Zefe0g&D 30 &ufwiG f xyfrH
nTefMum;xm;aMumif; owif;
&&Sdonf/
puf&kHrsm;taejzifh a&qkd;
oefYpifpGefYxkwf&ef 2012 ckESpf
twGi;f uok;H Budraf c:,lawGq
Y Hk
ajymMum;NyD; NrKdUawmf0efu
pufrIZkefvkyfief;&Sifrsm;tm;
ukd,fykdifa&qkd;oefYpifpepfjzifh
pGex
Yf w
k
f jzpfap? ref;pnfyifEiS hf
yl;aygif;jzpfappGex
Yf w
k &f efEiS hf
rvkyfaqmifygu ta&;,l
aqmif&GufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif;
ref;pnfyifrS od&onf/
pufrZI ek af &qk;d rsm;ESihf teHY
qkd;rsm;aMumifh ywf0ef;usifa&

xk? avxk? ajrxkukd npfnrf;rI


jzpfay:apaMumif;? awmifo
reftif;ESifh ywf0ef;usifukdnpf
nrf;apjcif;? a*[pepfudkxd
cku
d af pjcif;rsm;&Sad Mumif;?awmif
tif;ajrmuftif;a'oudk jzwf
pGefYxkwfaoma&qkd;rsm;rSm
'kX0wDjrpfrSwpfqifh {&m0wD
jrpftwGif;pD;0ifNyD;jrpfa&oefY
&Si;f rIuydk g xdcu
dk rf &I adS paMumif;
rE a v;NrKd U awmf 0 ef O D ; atmif
armif;u pufrIZkefvkyfief;&Sif
rsm;tm; ajymonf/
uk,
d yf idk af &qk;d oefpY ifpuf
k H r wnf a qmuf E k d i f o l r sm;t
wGuf ref;pnfyifrS a&qkd;oefY
pufkHwnfaqmuf&ef pDpOfae
NyD; pufkHwpfckcsif;pDtaejzifh
pGefYxkwfonfha&qkd;*gvef yrm
P tay:rl w nf tcG e f a y;
aqmifum a&qkd;pGefYxkwfrnf
jzpfaMumif; od&onf/

ref;pnfyif e,fedrdwft
wG i f ; a&qk d ; pG e f Y x k w f a om
t&uf? om;a&? oMum;? oMum;
vkH;? puL? "mwfcJ? qyfjym? EkdY

csufESifh qkd;aq;pufkHponf
jzifh pufkH 90 ausmf&SdNyD; vwf
wavm A[d k a &qk d ; oef Y p if r I
pepf raqmif&TufEkdifrD ukd,fykdif
tpDtpOfjzifh a&qkd; oefYpifpGefY
xkwf&ef ref;pnfyifrS TefMum;
xm;jcif;jzpfaMumif; owif;&&Sd
onf/
A[kda&qkd;oefYpifrIpepf
vkyfief;udk jyKvkyf&ef vwfw
avm taejzifh jrefrmESifh xkdif;
yl;aygif;aqmif&u
T o
f nfh ukrP
D
wpfck vma&mufavhvmaeNyD;
pd w f y g0if p m;ol r sm;twG u f
rMumrD wif'gac:,lrnfjzpf

aMumif; rEav;NrKd Uawmf pnfyif


om,ma&;aumfrwDrS OD;xGef;

Munfuajymonf/

&m vuf&SdwGif rEav;pnfyifrS


ysrf;rQ(22) oef;rS (24) oef;
txdomay;a0EkdifNyD; xyfwkd;
ay;a0Ekdif&eftwGuf {&m0wD
jrpfa&udk oefYpif aeYpOfa&
*gvef(10) oef;jzefYa0ay;Ekdif
rnfha&wGef;pufkHukd {&m0wD
jrpfurf;wGiu
f syo
f ed ;f (45000)
ausmf tukefuscHwnfaqmuf
NyD;pD;NyDjzpfaMumif;ref;pnfyifrS
od&onf/

rEav;NrKdU a&okH;pGJrI t
wGuf pufa&wGif;rsm;rS xGuf
&Sad omajratmufa&ukdomt"d
u tm;xm;ae&aMumif; tcsdef
MumonfESifhtrQ a&xGufEIef;
enf;Ny;D a&o,HZmwavsmeh nf;
vmojzifha&&SnfwGifajray:
a&jzpfaomjrpfa&ukdoefYpifNyD;
tokH;jyKEkdif&efpDpOfaeaMumif;
rEav;NrKdUpnfyifrS pkHprf;od&Sd&
onf/

18

Regional

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

&Srf;ESifh u,m;ygwD tzJGUtpnf;rsm;\


EkdifiHa&;bkHoabmwlnDcsuf orwxHwifjyrnf
&efrsKd;Ekdif
&efukef?
Zefe0g&D-30
&Sr;f jynfe,f? u,m;jynfe,fwYkd
rS vufeufuikd f tzJUG tpnf;rsm;
ESihf Ekid if aH &;ygwDrsm;\ Ekid if aH &;
bk H o abmwl n D c suf u d k Ek d i f i H
awmf orwxH wifjyrnfjzpf
aMumif; &Srf;trsKd;om; 'Drkdua&
pDtzJGUcsKyf ajyma&;qdkcGifh&Sdol

OD;pdkif;vdwfu ajymonf/
orwxH wifjyEkdif&eft
wGuf rwfv yxrywfwGif &Srf;
jynfe,f? vmId;NrdKUe,f &Srf;
jynfe,fESifh u,m;jynfe,ft
wGif;&Sd vufeufudkif tzJGUt
pnf;rsm;? EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm; yg
0ifaom nDvmcHusif;yoGm;
rnfjzpfaMumif; if;u qko
d nf/
nDvmcHwGif jynfe,fESpfck

twGif;&Sd wkdif;&if;om; a'ocH


rsm;\ vdktyfcsufrsm;udk aqG;
aEG;rnfjzpfNyD; wufa&mufvm
aom tzJGUtpnf;rsm;\ jrefrm
EkdifiHa&;ay:xm;&Sdaom bkH
EkdifiHa&;oabmxm; wpfck&&Sd
atmif aqG;aEG;rnfjzpfonf/
vuf&SdtcsdefwGif nDvm
cHusif;yEkdifa&;twGuf jzpf
ajrmufa&;aumfrwDwGif vuf

pmrsufESm(42)rS

EkdifiHwum c&D;oGm;jrifhwifa&;yJGrsm;wGif jrefrmrsufESmyef;yGifhvm


jrefrmEkdifiH\ c&D;oGm;ESpf
tjzpf owfrw
S cf zhJ ;l onfh 1996
ck E S p f x uf 2011-2012 c&D ;
oGm;&moDrSm tatmifjrifqkH;
jzpfcJhonf/

jrefrmEkdifiH c&D;oGm;vkyf
ief;aps;uGuf jrifhwifa&;aumf
rwDOu| OD;NzKd ;a0&mZmu ]]c&D;
oGm;vkyfief;u OD;pm;ay;u@
rSm ygw,f/ jrefrmEkdifiHrSm jzpf
ay:aewJh tajctaeuvnf;

taumif;bufudk OD;wnfae
w,f/ EkdifiHa&;? pD;yGm;a&;jyKjyif
ajymif;vJrIawGu c&D;oGm;vkyf
ief;udk wkd;wufapzdkYtwGuf aph
aqmfay;aewJh tcsuaf wGy}J } [k
ajymonf/
if;yJGwGif txl;jcm;qkH;t
jzpf jrefrmEkid if rH S ud,
k pf m;vS,rf sm;
tm; EkdifiHwum udk,fpm;vS,f
rsm;u xl;jcm;aom qufqaH &;?
aEG;aEG;ysLiSmrIrsm;yif &Sad eonf

[k tawGUtBuHK&Sdaom jrefrm
udk,fpm;vS,frsm;u qkdonf/

2012 ckESpf Zefe0g&Dv
rS 'DZifbmvtxd &efukef t
jynfjynfqkdif&m avqdyfrS 0if
a&mufvmaom EkdifiHjcm;om;
c&D;onf ta&twGufrSm ig;
odef;cJGausmf&SdaMumif; [kdw,f
ESifh c&D;oGm;vma&;vkyfief; 0ef
BuD;Xme\ pm&if;rsm;t& od&Sd
&onf/

euf u d k i f tzJ G U tpnf ; rsm;jzpf


aom &Sr;f jynfw;dk wufa&; ygwD
ESifh u,ef;jynfopfygwDwkdY
yg0ifNyD; &Srf;trsKd;om;'Drkdua&
pDtzJGUcsKyf? &Srf;jynf udk;uefY'Drdk
u&ufwpfygwD tif;trsKd;om;
zHGUNzdK;wkd;wufa&;ygwD? u,ef;
trsK;d om;ygwD? ud;k uef'Y rD u
kd &uf
wpfnDnGwfa&;ygwD? "Ekwkdif;
&if;om;vlrsK;d rsm; zHUG NzKd ;wk;d wuf
a&;ygwDESifh ]0}trsKd;om;pnf;
vkH;nDnGwfa&;ygwDwkdYjzifh zJGU
pnf;xm;onf/
&Sr;f jynfe,ftwGi;f &Sd Ekid if H
a&;ygwDrsm;? vufeufuikd f tzJUG
tpnf;rsm;? t&yfbuftzJGUt
pnf;rsm; yg0ifaomnDvmcHwpf
&yfudk 2012 ckESpf Ekd0ifbmv
wGif &efukefNrdKU okH;&ufMum
usif;ycJhonf/

'DcsKyfynma&;uGef&uf rJaqmuf&Sd
ausmif; 9 ausmif;odkY
usyfodef; 100 ausmf vSL'gef;
ZJGPf
&efukef? Zefe0g&D-30
trsK;d om;'Dru
kd a&pDtzJUG csKyf ynma&;uGe&f ufu rJaqmuf
&Sd ausmif; 9 ausmif;odYk ynma&; taxmuftyHt
h aeESihf t
vSL aiGusyo
f ed ;f 100 ausmu
f kd Zefe0g&D 27 &ufu vSL'gef;cJh
aMumif; ynma&;uGef&uf A[dktvkyftrIaqmif a'gufwm
odef;vGifu ajymonf/
ynma&; uGe&f uf\ e,f pyfa'o&Sda&GUvsm;ausmif;rsm;
twGuf vSL'gef;oGm;rnfh tpDtpOf\ yxrqkH;vSL'gef;jcif;
jzpfNy;D &efuek Nf rKd U jynfo&Yl ifjyifwiG f 'DZifbmvukeyf ikd ;f u jyK
vkycf ahJ om &efyaHk iG&mS azGa&; *DwyJaG wmfr&S &Sad om tvSLaiG
rsm;jzifh vSL'gef;jcif;jzpfaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
vSL'gef;cJhaom rJaqmufrS ausmif; 9 ausmif;rSm rdbrJh
uav;ausmif;ESpfausmif;ESifh rJaqmuf&Sdjrefrma&TUajymif;
tvkyform;rsm;\ om;orD;rsm;udk ynmoifMum;ay;ae
aom ausmif; 7 ausmif;jzpfNyD; tvSLaiGpkpkaygif; usyf 126
odef;vSL'gef;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/

pmrsufESm(32)rS

rdb? om;orD;ajr;ESihf jrpf


xdaYk Mumifh ynma&;twGuf ukef
usp&dwf rsm;vmonf/ ynm
a&;? use;f rma&; 0efaqmifc wm

0efBuD;vmaomtcg rdom;pk
wkdif;? tdrfaxmifwkdif;u om;
orD;rsm;rsm; arG;zGm;&ef 0efav;
vmMuawmhonf/
trSefpifppf rdom;pkwpfck
rSm rsdK;qufOD;a& tcsdK;tqnD
rQzdkY ta&;BuD;ovdk EkdifiHwpfck
twGufvnf; rsdK;quftcsdK;t
q nDGwfrQw&ef ta&;BuD;
onf/
vltkd? vlBuD;? vlvwf? vl
i,f? uav; olt
Y csKd ;tqESio
fh l
&Sdoifhoavmuf &Sd&rnf/ 'grS
vnf ; uav;ol i ,f a pmih f
a&Smufa&;? oufBuD;&G,ftkd jyK
pkapmihfa&Smufa&;wm0efwkdYudk
tvkyfvkyfEkdifol? 0ifaiGzefwD;
Ekid o
f w
l u
Ydk wm0efausausvyk f
Ekid rf nf/ bufrQ&rnf/ bufrrQ
vQif jyemjzpfEkdifonf/
a&SUu rsdK;qufwpfckudk
aemufrsdK;qufwpfcku apmifh
a&Smuf&rnfrSmvnf; vlY,Of
aus;rI\ wm0efwpf&yf jzpf
onf/ a&SUrsdK;quf\wm0efudk
aemufrsdK;qufu wm0ef,l&ef
twGufvnf; 0efxkyf0efydk;
vnf; rjzpfapoifh/ aemufrsdK;
quftwGuf a&SUrsdK;qufrSm
vnf; wm0efrBuD;av;oihf/
udponf rdom;pkwkdif;? EkdifiH
wkdif; avhvmoHk;oyfoifhaom
t&mjzpfvrd rhf nf/ rsm;vGe;f vQif
vnf; raumif;? enf;vGef;vQif
vnf; raumif;/ tcsdK;nDvQif
rQwvQifaumif;\/
vuf & S d t aetxm;t&

jrefrmjynftwGuf rdom;pkwpf
ckrSm tMuifwkdYvifr,m; ZeD;
armifEw
HS pfpt
kH wGuf ysr;f rQtm;
jzihf om;orD;oHk;OD;rQawmh arG;
zGm;oifhonf[k xifjrifrdonf/
onfhxufvnf; rrsm;oihf/
onfx
h ufvnf; renf;oif/h rsm;
vGef;vQifvnf; vlaerIb0 jy
emawG&EdS idk o
f nf/ enf;vGe;f
vQifvnf; vlaerIb0jyem
awG&SdvmEkdifonf/
vltkd? vlBuD;ESihf vli,f? u
av;rsm;u obm0ab;oihf
onft
h cgrsKd ;? uyfa&m*gawGjzpf
MuonfhtcsdefrsdK;rSm 'PfrcHEkdif
Mu/ tcsufudkvnf; xnfh
oGi;f pOf;pm;&rnf/ rsKd ;qufopf
twGuf touftE&m,fudk r
wdr;f om rapmif;om rjzpfoif/h
vlt?kd vlBuD;jyemESifh vli,f?
uav;jyemonf cufcJeuf
eJonf/ a&SUvlEiS fh aemufv?l a&SU
rsdK;qufESihf aemufrsdK;quf csdef
qvQif jrefrmEkdifiHtwGuf ysrf;
rQtm;jzifh rdom;pkwpfpk oHk;
a,mufEIef;? rdom;pkwpfpkcsif;
qkyd gvQif om;orD;OD;a& tenf;
qH;k ESpaf ,mufrS av;a,muft
xd arG;zGm;apcsifonf/
odkYqdkvQif tcsdKUaom rd
om;pkrsm;u vuf&SdpD;yGm;a&;?
ynma&;? usef;rma&; tajct
aersm;aMumifh cufcyJ ifyef;vGe;f
aeonfrSmvnf; aocsmonf/
rdb? om;orD;? ajr;? jrpf t
csdK;nDnDjzifh ajyajyvnfvnf
jzifh a&SUodkYcsDwufEkdifygap/ /

19

Opportunity

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

jynfwGif;ukrPDrsm; tvkyfac:,lrI wdk;jrihfvm


at;jrwfol
&efukef? azazmf0g&D-2
jynfyrSvma&muf &if;ESD;jrKyfESH
onhf ukrP
rD sm;xuf jynfwiG ;f
ukrPDrsm; vkyfief;wdk;csJU t
vkyfac:qdkrI ydkrsm;vmaMumif;
jynfwGif;tvkyftudkif&SmazG
a&;at*sifpDtcsKdUxHrS owif;
&&Sdonf/
jynfwGif;ukrPDtrsm;pk
rSm vkyfief;wdk;csJU vkyfudkifvm
ouJhodkY tdrfwGif;vkyfief;rsm;
onfvnf; ukrPDvkyfief;yHkpH
ajymif;vJvkyfudkifvmouJhodkY
tdrw
f iG ;f vkyif ef;rsm;onfvnf;
ukrPDvkyfief;yHkpH ajymif;vJ
vkyfudkifvmMuojzihf tvkyf
ac:qdkrIrsm;vmaMumif; od&
onf/ odkYaomf tvkyftudkif
tcGifhtvrf;rsm; wdk;vmaomf
vnf; 0efxrf;vdktyfcsufrsm;
&Sjd cif;aMumihf 0efxrf;&SmazG&m
tcuftcJ&adS Mumif; od& onf/
t&ifwkef;uawmh b,f
vkyif ef;twGuf vkyrf mS rdYk ta&;

"mwfykH-oD[

EkdifiHom;vkyfief;&Sifydkif ukrPDkH;cef;wpfck

ay:taeeJ Y ac:wm&S d w ,f /
tck BuKdNyD;awmh tpDtpOfqJGNyD;
ac:wm&Sdvmw,f/ vkyfief; t
opfawGawmfawmfrsm;rsm; wdk;
vmw,f/ 0efxrf;&zdkY &Sm;vm
w,f}} [k Market Care jynf
wGif; tvkyftudkif &SmazGa&;
at*sifpDrSrefae*sif;'gdkufwm
OD;atmifjrihfu ajymonf/
]]vkyfief;wkd;csJUwmu 0ef
xrf ; awG xG u f o G m ;wm&,f /

t"duawmh vkyif ef;topfay:


vmawmh &SdNyD;om;0efxrf; xyf
wdk;ac:vmwm}} [k ukrPD ref
ae*si;f 'gdu
k w
f m wifO;D u ajym
onf/tvkyaf vQmufMuonhfvl
i,frsm;bufrSvnf; jynfwGif;
ukrP
rD sm;rS tvkyo
f if0efxrf;
tjzpf ac:,l&mwGif vkycf vpm
aiG usyf 40000 rS 60000 txd
ay;ac:qdrk t
I ay:pdw0f ifpm;
rItm;enf;aMumif; od&onf/

0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
VOiP Telecom Assistant
Male or Female (3) Posts
Infinity Innovation Co., Ltd.
Bul(C-1), Room (010), High Way
Complex, Nar Nat Taw Road,
Kamayut Township, Yangon.
Ph - 01-515006,

Elegent Myanmar Tours Co., Ltd.

09-421174707

1/ Assistant Manager (1)OD;


2/ Operation Assistant (2) OD;
3/ Reservation and Ticketing (2) OD;
4/ Office Staff (2) OD;
trSwf (20)? taqmufttkH (E) ?
ykvJvrf;? A[ef;NrKdUe,f/
zkef; - 09-421107472
--------------------------------Fusion Myanmar twGuf
0efxrf;rsm;tvkd&Sdonf

--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
1/ ,mOfarmif; (ta&mif;um;) usm;
(2) OD;
2/ taxGaxGypnf;xdef; r (2) OD;

1. Operatioon Manager (F/M)


2 Posts
2. Marketing Executive (F/M)
2 Posts
3. Sale Supervisor (F/M) 2 Posts

trSwf (459^bD)? wuodkvf&dyfom


vrf;opf? A[ef;NrKdUe,f/
09-499255355
--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
Adler trsKd;orD;taqmif
taqmif0efxrf; r (3) OD;
trSwf 18-bD? tcef; 102? (yxrxyf)?
56 vrf;wdk? ykZGefawmifNrKdUe,f/
09-73157480? 01-295052
---------------------------------

uGmvmvrfyl? Zefe0g&D-30
rav;&Sm;ukefpHkqkdifykdif&Sifwpf
OD;u if;\jrefrmtvkyform;
wpfOD;onf NyD;cJhonfh pufwif
bmvwGif q,fvm,ef vuf
um;aps;Bu;D teD;wGif taMumif;
jycsuf wpfpw
kH &mr&Sb
d J oH;k vcefY
zrf;qD;xdef;odrf;cHcJh&aMumif;
ajymMum;vdkufonf/
tqdkyg jrefrmvkyfom;rSm
26ESpft&G,f&Sd oef;aX;0if;[k
ac:oljzpfNyD; if;tm; &Ju puf
wifbm28&ufwiG f ac:,lomG ;cJh
aMumif;? if;onf ywfpfydkYESihft
vkyfvkyfudkifcGihf Work Permit
rjyoEkdif *sif*sef;&Jpcef;wGif
xde;f odr;f cHc&hJ aMumif; qko
d nf/
xkaYd emuf tvky&f iS u
f &Jpcef;okYd
oGm;a&mufum w&m;0ifvkyf
om;jzpfaMumif; taxmuft

0 ef x rf ; t vdk &Sd o nf

Free Classified
0efxrf;tvdk&Sdonf
1/ Digital (aumuf^ajzmihf^nyf)
uRrf;usif r (5) OD;
2/ acgif;avQmf r (5) OD;
3/ vufonf;tvSyHkazmf uRrf;usif r
(5) OD; zkef; - 09-73027293
--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf

]]ausmif;qif;awGtaeeJu
Y
oifwef;awGwufvmNyD; vuf
rSwaf wG&awmh olwYkd awmif;qdk
rIu rudkufnDbl;/ omrefav;?
ig;? ajcmufaomif;avmuf vm
ay;&if rvkycf siMf uawmhb;l / v
pmwpfoed ;f uawmh 'gawmh&wJh
ol&rSmaygh/ tawGUtBuKH &adS tmif
awmh vkyfoihfw,f}} [k Market Care rS OD;atmifjrihu
f ajym
Mum;onf/

jrefrmvkyfom;wpfOD; rav;&Sm;wGif
jypfrIrxif&Sm;bJ oHk;vcefY
xdef;odrf;cH&aMumif; tvkyf&SifajymMum;

Apple Production Co., Ltd.

trSwf (972^c)? oHokrmvrf;? (5)


&yfuGuf? awmifOuvmyNrKdUe,f/
(ESpfywftwGif;)
--------------------------------0efxrf;tvdk&Sdonf
tiffwmeufqdkif0efxrf; usm; (2) OD;
awmifOuvmteD;aeol OD;pm;ay;
rnf/
Zarni Internet qdkif
trSwf (55^bD)? oHokrmvrf;? (7)
&yfuGuf? awmifOuvmyNrKdUe,f/
--------------------------------0efxrf;tjreftvdk&Sdonf
(topfzGihfrnhf udk,fydkifausmif;ESihf
abmf'gaqmifwGif cefYxm;&ef)
1/ txufwef;ausmif;tkyf (usm;^r)
2/ tv,fwef;^txufwef; bmom
&yfoif q&m^rrsm;
3/ taqmif r S L ; (usm;^r) study
guide rsm;

4/ uGefysLwmuRrf;usif Staff
5/ ,mOfarmif;
20.2.2013 aemufq;kH avQmuf&ef
105 (B) ? &wemNrKid v
f rf;? &wemNrKid f
vH;k csi;f tdr&f m? pH&yd Nf ird ?f urm&Gw/f
zke;f -512421? 09-5118254?
09-5118253
--------------------------------0efxrf;tvdk&Sdonf/
Beauty Saloon twGuf avQmf? nyf?
aumuf? ajzmifh? vufonf;? ajconf;
yHkazmf? spa twGuf uRrf;usif trsKd;
orD;tvdk&Sdonf/ vpmaumif;ay;
rnf/ ae?xdkifp&dwf pDpOfay;rnf/
zkef; - 09-5003858? 09-5066622
--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
P.S.A Co., Ltd.
1. Project Engineer (B.E Civil) 1
Nos (Male)
2. Site Engineer (A.G.T.I/B.Tech/
B.E Civil) 3 Nos (Male)
3. Accountance (B.Com/L.C.C.I
Level III) 1 Nos (Female)
4. Auto CAD 2D/3D ESihf B.E(Civil)
1 Nos (Female)

cefYrSef;ajc pm&if;

a&;qJGEdkifol
wdkuf 11? (yxrxyf^nm)? oD&dNrKdif
blwmteD;? A[dkvrf;? 13 &yfuGuf?
vIdifNrKdUe,f/ zkef; - 09-8568111?
09-49716060? 09-73148115
--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
Frenzo Living Mall (Furniture
Showroom)

1/ Internal Audit r r (1) OD;


2/ Driver (um;BuD;? um;av; armif;
Edkif&rnf) usm; (1) OD;
3/ Sale & Marketing r (7) OD;
4/ taxGaxG0efxrf; usm; (2) OD;

zkef; - 399428? 384043? 246531


----------------------------------

4. Sales Girl F (4) Posts


5. Purchaser F (2) Posts

Executive/Level Driver M (1) P

6. Store Keeper M/F (3) Posts

No. 60(C), Pyay Road, Hlaing.

miles), Mayangone Township,


Yangon. 01-664026, 656970

--------------------------------0efxrf;tvkd&Sdonf
1. Sales & Marketing Manager
M/F (1) Post
2. Sales Executive M/F (3) Posts
3. Chief Auditor F (1) Post

7. Driver M (3) Posts

trSwf (164)? Adkvf&JGvrf;? vom/


zkef; - 389523? 384730
-------------------------------0efxrf;tvdk&Sdonf
1/ Pharmacist r (3) OD;
2/ Pharmacy Sales (aq;0g;t
a&mif;) r (5) OD;
3/ Medical Imaging Technologist
(Radiographer) r (2) OD;
4/ Office Staff r (2) OD;
5/ Receptionist r (5) OD;
6/ Nurse-Aid (ol e mjyKtul ) r
(10) OD;
uefawmfuav;txl;ukaq;cef;
trSwf 86? a':odef;wifvrf;? uef
awmfuav; (87-88) vrf;Mum;? r*F
vmawmifGefYNrKdUe,f? &efukefNrKdU/

Ref: malaysia-chronicle

tcrJhaMumfjimu@

0efxrf;tvdk&Sdonf
Sale Man usm; (5) OD;
,mOfarmif; usm; (3) OD;
trSwf (42)? a&To&zD&dyfrGef? bk&ifh
aemifvrf;rBuD;? urm&GwfNrKdUe,f/
--------------------------------0efxrf;tvdk&Sdonf
ta&mif;0efxrf; r (1) OD;
r*Fvmaps;txnfta&mif; tawGU
tBuHK&Sdol
zke;f - 09-73078905? 09-5186286
--------------------------------0efxrf;tvdk&Sdonf

No. 15(A-5), Pyay Road, A1 (9

xm;rsm; jyocJhaomfvnf; &Ju


w&m;Hk;odkY vTJajymif;ay;cJhNyD;
aemuf Work Permit pnf;urf;
rsm; csdK;azmufrIjzihf axmif'Pf
uscHcJh&aMumif; qkdonf/
tvkyf&Sif ckduifrfcRef;u
oef;aX;0if;onf w&m;Hk;t
csKyfwGif oHk;vcefY uscHcJh&NyD;
aemuf if;ESifhtwl ygoGm;cJh
aom &if;*pf 100 ESihf [ef;zkef;
wkdYrSmvnf; jyefr&cJhaMumif;
ajymonf/ rpwmcku
d if;onf
rdrd\jrefrmvkyfom;ESihf ywf
ouf &JcsKyx
f H trIudk jyefvnf
ppfaq;ay;&ef wkid Mf um;pma&;ydYk
oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; ajymMum;cJh
onf/

Ph - 01-655751~53

--------------------------------0efxrf;tvdk&Sdonf
1. Operation Manager M/F
(2) Posts
2. Customer Service Manager
M/F (2) Posts
3. Senior Accoutant M/F 2 Posts
4. Accountant M/F 2 Posts
SA-2, Aung Zaya Complex,
Corner of Ahlone and Kan
Nar Street, Ahlone Township,
Yangon. 01-214148, 214150

--------------------------------0efxrf;tvdk&Sdonf
rsKd;jrefrm ukrPDvDrdwuf
1/ Marketing uRrf;usif usm; (2)
OD;? r (4) OD;

2/ vufaxmuf Marketing uRrf;


usif usm; (2) OD;? v (4) OD;
wdkuf(1)? tcef; (4-A) ? O,smOfvrf;?
ausmufajrmif;/
zke;f - 09-43052517? 09-73046599
--------------------------------0efxrf;tvdk&Sdonf
Manager M/F (1) Post
Room 302, 3th Floor, Building
(B), Pyinnyawadi Avenue,
Yankin Township, Yangon.
Ph : 546306, 550476

--------------------------------trsKd;orD;0efxrf;tvdk&Sdonf
acgif;avQmfpufqJGuRrf;usif r (3) OD;
vufonf;ajconf;yef;csDuRrf;usif
r (2) OD;
zkef;-09-49585404? 01-580387
--------------------------------,mOfarmif; (3) OD;tvdk&Sdonf
(Hk;um;ESihf tdrfum;armif;&ef)
q&mpHvrf;? A[ef;/
zkef;-01-541225? 01-553779
--------------------------------0efxrf;tvdk&Sdonf/
1. Accountant (LCCI-III) r (5) OD;
2. Marketing ^ta&mif; usm;^r
(5)OD;
3. Computer Operator usm;^r
(5) OD;
4. Office Staff usm;^r (5) OD;
5. Sale Driver usm; (5) OD;
6. Sale Promoter usm;^r (5) OD;
zkef; - 243819
---------------------------------

topfzGifhvSpfvdkufonfh tcrJhtvkyfac:aMumfjimu@wGif xnfhoGif;vdkygu 7Day News *sme,fwdkufodkY uGefysLwmpmdkufNyD; (1.5"x 2") xufrBuD;aomt&G,ftpm;jzifhvma&mufay;ydkYEdkifygonf/
trSefwu,f0efxrf;ac:,lvdkolrsm;om ,cku@udktokH;jyK&ef arwm&yfcHtyfygonf/

20

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

jrefrmtdrfaxmifpkrsm; 0ifaiG&mckdifEIef;t& ynma&;p&dwf EkdifiHwumxuf oHk;qausmf oHk;pGJae


aevif;xGef;
&efukef?Zefe0g&D-31
jrefrmEkid if &H dS tdraf xmifprk sm;\
ynma&;qkid &f m toH;k p&dwrf sm;
onf 0ifaiG&mckdifEIef;t& EkdifiH
wum&Sd ysrf;rQEIef;rsm;\ oHk;q
ausmf ykdrkdjrihfrm;aeaMumif; jref
rmEkdifiH bufpHkvTrf;NcHKEkdifaom
ynma&;u@ avhvmoHk;oyf
a&;pmwrf; (CESR)wGif azmfjy
xm;onf/
a'owGif;EkdifiHrsm;rS tdrf
axmifprk sm;taejzihf if;wdYk 0if
aiG\ 20 &mcdkifEIef;cefYukd ynm
a&;toHk;p&dwftwGuf toHk;
jyKae&csed w
f iG f jrefrmtdraf xmif
pkrsm;onf rdrw
d 0Ykd ifaiG\ 70 &m
ckdifEIef;udk ynma&;toHk;p&dwf

twGuf toHk;jyKae&jcif;jzpf
onf/
tdrfeD;csif;EkdifiHwpfckjzpf
aom vmtkdEkdifiHwGif tdrf
axmifpkrsm;\ ynma&;toHk;
p&dwfrSm 2008 ckESpfwGif 21 &m
ckid Ef eI ;f &Sad eNy;D urmb
h Pf\ Ekid f
iHtoD;oD;tay: avhvmcsuf
rsm;t& tdrfaxmifpkrsm;rS us
cHaom ynma&;toHk;p&dwfrSm
ysrf;rQtm;jzihf if;wdkY0ifaiG\
18 'or 5&mckid Ef eI ;f &Sad eonf/
2010jynhfESpf jrefrmEkdifiH
tdrfaxmifpk pm;0wfaea&;t
ajctaebuf p H k a vh v mrI p pf
wrf; (IHLCS)t& ynma&;qkdif
&m toHk;p&dwfpkpkaygif;\ 70
&mckdifEIef;rSm tdrfaxmifpkrsm;rS

ukefusaom toHk;p&dwfjzpfNyD;
tpdk;&\ ynma&;toHk;p&dwf
rSm 25 &mckdifEIef;om&Sdaeonf/
jrefrmtdrfaxmifpkrsm;t
aejzihf ynma&;qkdif&m toHk;p
&dwfwGif ausmif;oHk;pma&;ud&d
,m ukefusp&dwfrSm tjrihfrm;
qHk;jzpfaeum usL&Sifpmoifp
&dwf? ausmif;vc? ausmif;oHk;
yHkESdyfpmtkyfp&dwfrsm;vnf; jrihf
rm;aeaMumif; txufygpm
wrf;wGif oHk;oyfxm;onf/
ynma&;qkdif&m ukefus
p&dwfrsm;jym;jcif;ESihf pD;yGm;a&;
usyfwnf;jcif;rsm;onf ynm
oif,rl u
I kd t[eft
Y wm;jzpfae
NyD; ausmif;rxm;Ekdifaom u
av;rdom;pk trsm;pk\ t

oCFef;uRef;NrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd bkef;awmfBuD;oif ynma&;ausmif;wpfck\ pmoifcef;jrifuGif;

aMumif;&if;rSm ynma&;ukefus
p&dwfESihfaomfvnf;aumif;? rd
om;pkpD;yGm;a&;ESihfaomfvnf;
aumif; qufpyfaeaMumif;od&
onf/
jref r mEk d i f i H \ ynma&;
u@ toHk;p&dwftwGuf *sD'DyD
(EkdifiHwpfEdkifiH\ ESpfpOfxkwf
ukefESihf 0efaqmifrI pkpkaygif;
wefz;kd )rS cGaJ 0csxm;rI &mckid Ef eI ;f
rSm 2011-2012 b@ma&;ESpf
wGif 0 'or 8 &mckid Ef eI ;f jzihf tm
qD,EH idk if rH sm;teuf tenf;qH;k
jzpfcJhNyD; 2012-2013 b@m
a&;ESpfwGif 1 'or 7 &mcdkifEIef;
jzihf 'kwd,tenf;qHk;ae&modkY
wufvmaMumif; tqkyd gpmwrf;
t& od&onf/

"mwfykH-a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

bkef;awmfBuD;oifynma&;ESihf &yf&GmtajcjyKynma&;twGuf NAdwdefESihf MopaMw;vs ulnDrnf


aevif;xGef;
&efukef?
Zefe0g&D-31
NAw
d ed Ef idk if EH iS fh MopaMw;vsEidk if H
tjynf j ynf q k d i f & m zG H U Nzd K ;wd k ;
wufa&;at*sifpD (UK Aid ESihf
Australian Aid)wkdYonf jynf
wGif;&Sd tqif;&JqHk;ESihf a0;vH
acgifzsm;aom a'orsm;&Sd bkef;
awmfBu;D oifynma&;ESifh &yf&mG
tajcjyKynma&;vkyfief;rsm;
twG u f tar&d u ef a ':vm
22 oef; axmufyHhulnDrnfjzpf
onf/
jref r mEk d i f i H t wG i f ; &S d t
qif;&JqHk;uav;i,f ESpfodef;
ausmf\ rlvwef;ynma&;t
wGuf jrefrmhynma&;tusdK;wl
yl;aygif;tzGJUtpnf;rSwpfqihf
ulnDaxmufyHhoGm;rnfjzpfNyD;
axmifpkESpf &nfrSef;csufjzpf
aom uav;i,frsm;tm;vHk;

rl vwef;ynma&; qHk;cef;wdkif
atmif oifMum;Ekdif&ef &nf&G,f
yHhydk;jcif;jzpfaMumif; if;tzGJUt
pnf;ESpfcku owif;xkwfjyef
xm;onf/
NAdwdefESihf MopaMw;vst
zGUJ tpnf;ESpcf \
k tBuD;tuJEpS f
OD; jrefrmEkdifiHodkY Zefe0g&D 29rS
31 &ufwiG f vma&mufonfh c&D;
pOfrS ynma&;qkdif&m axmufyhH
ulnrD u
I kdyxrqH;k tBurd f aqmif
&Guf&ef oabmwlvkdufjcif;jzpf
onf/
MopaMw;vsEkdifiH tjynf
jynfqidk &f m zGUH NzKd ;wd;k wufrI at
*sifpD\ TefMum;a&;rSL;csKyf rp
wm Peter Baxter u ]]jrefrm
EkdifiHudk twlwuG vma&muf
vnfywfjcif;u MopaMw;vs
EkdifiHeJY NAdwdefEkdifiHMum; yl;aygif;
aqmif&GufrItwGuf uwdu
0wfwpfcjk zpfygw,f/ tjcm;Ekid f

iHu tvSL&SifawGeJYtwl jrefrm


Ekid if t
H wGi;f pwifaewJh xl;jcm;
wJhajymif;vJrIawGukd axmufyHh
oGm;rSmjzpfygw,f}}[k qkdonf/
NAdwdefESihf MopaMw;vsEkdif
iHonf 2011-2015ckESpfrsm;
twGi;f jrefrmEkid if zH UHG NzKd ;wd;k wuf
a&;twGuf a':vm oef; 500
ausmf axmufyHhoGm;rnfjzpfNyD;
uav;i,frsm;\rlvwef;ynm
a&;tjyif v,form;rsm; 0ifaiG
wdk;wufa&;? trsdK;orD;ESihf rdef;
ri,frsm;\ usef;rma&;apmihf
a&SmufrI jrifhwifa&;? wkdif;&if;
om;vlrsdK;pkrsm;\ Nidrf;csrf;a&;
ESihfzGHUNzdK;wdk;wufa&; vkyfief;
rsm; us,fjyefYvmapa&;? pD;yGm;
a&;ulnDaxmufyHha&;? wm0ef
,lrI&Sdaom &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrIukd jrifh
wifa&;? vTwfawmfvkyfief;rsm;
ukd tm;jznhfaqmif&Gufa&;ESihf
w&m;Oya'pkd;rdk;a&;wkdYtwGuf

ulnDyHhydk;oGm;rnfjzpfonf/

MopaMw;vsynmawmfoifqktwGuf
jrefrmausmif;om;ESpfq wdk;jrihfac:,lrnf
aevif;xGef;
&efukef?azazmf0g&D-2
MopaMw;vstpdk;& ynmawmfoifqktwGuf ,ckESpfwGif
jrefrmausmif;om; 40OD;xd wk;d jri ahf c:,lomG ;rnfjzpfNy;D bGUJ
BudKESifh yg&*lbGJUoifwef;wufa&mufrnfh ausmif;om;rsm;
vnf; avQmufxm;EkdifaMumif; owif;xkwfjyefxm;onf/
yxrtBudrfwGif r[mbGJUoifwef;wufa&mufrnfh
jrefrmausmif;om; 10OD;ESifh 'kwd,tBudrfwGif 21 OD; a&G;
cs,fcJh&mrS ,ckESpfwGif jrefrmausmif;om;ESpfqxd wkd;jrifh
ac:,lrnfjzpfNyD; bGJUBudKoifwef;ESifh yg&*lbGJUoifwef;t
wGuf tuefYtowfjzifh a&G;cs,foGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&
onf/
ynma&;? usef;rma&;? pkdufysKd;a&;? tpma&pmzlvkHa&;
ESihf pDrt
H yk cf sKyaf &;qkid &f m bmom&yfe,fy,frsm;tm; OD;pm;
ay;oGm;rnfjzpfNy;D usm;?rnDrQa&;? vltcGit
hf a&;? obm0
ab;pDrHrI? zGHUNzdK;a&;? Oya'? jynfolUa&;&mrl0g'ESifh EkdifiHw
umqufqHa&;ynmbmom&yfrsm; oif,lavhvmrnfh
ausmif;om;rsm;ukd xnfhoGif;pOf;pm;oGm;rnfjzpfonf/
MopaMw;vs EkdifiHwumzGHUNzdK;wkd;wufa&;at*sifpD
(AusAID)\ axmufyHhulnDrIjzifh ynmoif,lcGifh&&SdcJhaom
jrefrmausmif;om;rsm;\ t&nftcsif;rSm txifBuD;av;
pm;zG,&f jdS cif;aMumifh ynmoifqak y;tyfaom ta&twGuf
ukd wkd;jrifhay;tyfaejcif;jzpfaMumif; MopaMw;vsoHHk;\
owif;xkwfjyefcsufwGif azmfjyxm;onf/
jrefrmEkdifiH\ tem*wfpdefac:rIrsm;twGuf acgif;
aqmifrpI rG ;f &nf&o
dS rl sm;? t&nftcsi;f &So
d rl sm;ukd ynmoif
,l&ef tcGit
hf vrf;rsm; ay;tyfomG ;rnfjzpfNy;D edru
hf saeaom
tajccHynma&;ESifh usef;rma&;0efaqmifrI jrifhwif&ef?
qif;&Jaeaom aus;vufa'o vlaerIjrifhwif&ef? y#dyu
ESifh obm0ab;oufa&mufaeaom jynfolrsm;\ vkdtyf
csuu
f dk axmufy&hH ef? pDrt
H yk cf sKyrf I t&nftaoG;jrifrh m;vm
ap&efESifh jyKjyifajymif;vJa&;ukd taxmuftyHhjzpfap&ef
&nf&,
G af Mumif; owif;xkwjf yefcsuw
f iG f azmfjyxm;onf/
2014 ckEpS w
f iG f oGm;a&mufynmoif,&l rnfh MopaMw;
vs tpk;d &ynmoifqktcGit
hf vrf;twGuf{Nyv
D ukeaf emuf
qkH; avQmufxm;&rnfjzpfNyD; http://www.ausaid.gov.au/
f vufrsm;ukdMunhf I
australia-awardswGiftao;pdwftcsut
avhvmEkdifonf/

22

Education

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

rdcifbmomtm;enf;vmaom tifwmae&Sife,fausmif;rsm;rS jrefrmuav;rsm;


&Jaemif? ZGJPf

yk*vdu tifwmae&Sife,f ausmif;trsm;pkwGif oifMum;aeaom jrefrmausmif;om;rsm;onf rdrdudk,fydkif pmay? ,Ofaus;rIwGif


tm;enf;rIrsm; &SdaeaMumif; ausmif;om;rdbrsm;ESihf ynm&SiftcsKdUu oHk;oyfonf/

tifwmae&Sife,fausmif; rsm;wufaomaMumifh ausmif;om;rsm;taejzihf EdkifiHwum pH csdefrD ynma&;oifMum;&onf
[laom tm;omcsu&f adS omfvnf; jrefrmpmayydik ;f tm;enf;oGm;Edik o
f nf/ xdaYk Mumifhwwfoad omynm&Sirf sm;xHrStBu
H Pfrsm;
&,lNy;D rdcifbm om&yfukd roifrae& jy|mef;um rnfonht
f wdik ;f twmtxd oifMum;&rnf[al om tajccHr&l o
dS ihaf Mumif; Edik if H
wum ynma&;twdkifyifcH OD;atmif ausmfqef;u ajymonf/
t*Fvdyfpmudk t"du bm
ompum;tjzpf Ed k i f i H w um
tqihfrD oifdk;Tef;wrf;rsm;
jzihf oifMum;ay;aomfvnf; jref
rmpm oifMum;rIrmS t&eftjzpf
oifMum;ay;jcif;? ausmif;om;
ausmif;olrsm;\ pdwf0ifpm;rI
enf;jcif;? ausmif;om;rdbtcsKUd
uvnf ; rd c if b mompum;
ruRrf;usifrItay: em;vnfrI
vJGrSm;pGm *kPf,lrIrsm; &Sdaejcif;
wdkYaMumifh tifwmae&Sife,f
ausmif;rsm;&Sd ausmif;om;rsm;
\ jrefrmpmaywwfajrmufrI
ESihf ,Ofaus;rItwGuf pdk;&drf&
onf[k ynm&Sifrsm;u oHk;oyf
onf/
]]uRef r wd k Y u uBuD ; a&;
ESpaf csmif;iifukd ]ul}? ]rl} udk b,f
vdkaygif;rvJar;&if olu Mu

vdkY aygif;w,f}} [k a':Ormu


tifwmae&Sife,fausmif;wGif
wufaeaom olr\ om;i,ft
aMumif;udk ajymonf/ olr\
uav;rSm ausmif;wGif jrefrmpm
udk t&eftjzpfomoif&onf/
t*Fvdyfvdk zwf&onfudkom
tm;oefNy;D jrefrmvdq
k v
kd Qif BuK;d
pm;rzwfcsi/f t*Fvyd u
f mwGe;f
um;rsm;Munh f v Qif em;vnf
onf/ jrefrmpmESihfywfouf
td r f w G i f tNid r f ; pm;ausmif ;
q&mrBuD; ac: oifay;ae&
onf[k qdkonf/
tjcm;ausmif ; om;rd b
wpfO;D uvnf; ]]oDwif;uRwu
f kd
a&;cdik ;f wm owif;<uwfvYkd a&;
w,f}} [k olr\uav; jrefrm
pmtm;enf;rIudk ajymjyonf/
td r f w G i f a exd k i f o nf h t

csdefrSty ausmif;ESifhoufqdkif
onhf ausmif;wGif;ausmif;jyif
tcsed rf sm;wGif t*Fvyd pf um; udk
om t"duxm; ajymqdo
k ;kH pJG
MuaomaMumifh t*Fvyd pf muRr;f
usifrI&Sdaomfvnf; jrefrmpmudk
rl jyefvnftcsed af y; oifMum;&
jcif;rsm;&SdaMumif; ausmif;om;
rdbwpfOD;u ajymonf/
]]q&mpmoGm;oifay;ae
wJh tifwmae&Sief ,fausmif;u
ausmif;om;wpfa,mufqdk olY
emrnfol jrefrmvdk ra&;wwf
bl;}} [k tqdkyg ausmif;olrsm;
wGif jrefrmpmoifMum;ay;ae
NyD; jrefrmpmuxduwpfOD;jzpf
ol q&marmif o mcsKd u ajym
onf/
jref r mpmES i h f jref r mh , Of
aus;rItwGuf ynma&;0efBuD;

Xme\ oifdk;twdkif; oifMum;


ay;jcif;? taxGaxGA[kokw
rsm; oifMum;ay;jcif;? ,Ofaus;
rI t wG u f jyZmwf r sm;ujcif ; ?
txdr;f trSwaf eYrsm;wGif tcrf;
tem;rsm; jyKvkyfay;jcif;wkdYjzihf
oif M um;ay;vsuf & S d o nf [ k
tifwmae&Sief ,fausmif;rsm;rS
wm0ef&SdoltcsKdUu ajymonf/
tqdyk g ausmif;rsm;\ &nf
&G,fcsufrSm wufa&mufonhf
ausmif ; om;rsm; Ed k i f i H w um
wuodkvfrsm;odkY 0ifcGifh&a&;
twGufyifjzpfonf/ NAdwdefoif
d;k ? tar&duefeT ;f wrf;rsm;jzihf
oifMum;ay;ae bmom&yf
tm;vH;k rSmt*Fvyd fbmompum;
ESihfoifMum;&\/ jrefrmpm bm
om&yfudkrl ausmif;om;rsm;t
aejzihf t&ef (Minor) tjzpfom

oif&\/
]]tifwmae&Sief ,fausmif;
awGu ausmif;om;awGu jynf
wGif; pmar;yJGajzwm r[kwfwJh
twGuf jynfwGif;eJYrqdkifygbl;/
Ed k i f i H w um wu o d k v f a wG & J U
owfrSwfcsufyJvdkw,f/ jrefrm
pmayeJY ,Ofaus;rIudk odzdkYu rd
om;pkawG&JU owfrSwfcsufyJvdk
w,f/ jrefrmpmayeJY ,Ofaus;rI
udk odzdkYu rdom;pkawGeJYyJ ouf
qkdifygw,f}} [k ygarmua'guf
wm atmifxGef;oufu ajym
onf/
vGefcJhaom ESpfaygif; 900
ausmf ? taemf & xmrif ; vuf
xufrSp jrefrmpma&;om;rI
ay:aygufvmonf[k orkdif;
ynm&Sif a'gufwmoef;xGe;f u
ajymcJhonf/ xdkacwfu jrefrm
vlrsKd;wdkY\ pmay? "avhESihf ,Of
aus;rIwdkYtaMumif;udk xdkolwdkY
a&;om;cJhMuaom ausmufpm?
aypmrsm;rSwpfqihf avhvmMu
&onf/ tqihfqifhajymif;vJrI
udk od&Sd&onf/ ordkif;udkvnf;

od&Sd&onf/
]]jref r mvl r sKd ; jref r mvd k
ra&;wwf? rajymwwf&if bm
jzpfrvJ pOf;pm;om Munhfay
awmh}} [k q&marmifomcsKdu
ajymonf/
,aeYacwf ynma&;wGif
jrefrmausmif;om;? ausmif;ol
rsm;taejzihf bmompum;ydkif;
udkom tcsdefay;avhvmaeMu
jrefrmpmayESihf ,Ofaus;rI
wGif tm;enf;vmonf[k jref
rmpma&;q&mrsm;u oHk;oyf
xm;onf/
tifwmae&Sief ,f ausmif;
wufaom ausmif;om;rsm;rSm
wpfaeYv;kH t*Fvyd pf um;udo
k m
ajymaeMu&NyD; tdrfwGif rdb
rsm;uyg t*Fvdyfvdk ajymaeyg
u jrefrmpum;ajym&ef tcsdef
r&SdaomaMumifh rdrdwdkYtdrfwGif
jrefrmvdkom ajymjzpfonf[k
pifumylEidk if rH S jyefvmaom rlv
wef; ausmif;om;wpfOD;\ rdb
wpfOD;uajymonf/
pm(30)okdY

Vol.11,
Vol.9, No.47
No.29 January
October 31
7, 2010
, 2013

ADZmuwfjzifh aiGay;acsonfh 0efaqmifrI


,kZeukdukd
&efukef? azazmf0g&D-2
tar&duef\ tDvufx&Gefepf
enf;ynmukrPDjzpfaom Visa
Inc. \ ADZmuwf toHk;jyK aiG
ay;acsjcif;udk jyKvyk Ef idk rf nfh 0ef
aqmifrIudk jrefrmta&SUwkdif;
bPf (MOB) u pwifvkdufNyD
jzpfaMumif; owif;&&dSonf/
xk d 0 ef a qmif r I r S m MOB
bPfESifh csdwfqufxm;aom
pm;aomufqkdifrsm;? ta&mif;
qkdifrsm;? ukefwkdufrsm;ESifh aps;
0,f p if w mrsm;wG i f jyKvk y f
onfh ta&mif;t0,f udpr sm;
tqdyk g ADZmuwfrsm;udk toH;k jyK
ol urm vSnfhc&D;oGm;rsm;onf
ATM tvkdtavsmuf aiGxkwf
pufrsm;wGif aiGom;xkwf,l&ef
rvkdbJ POS (Point of Sale)

[lonfh tDvufx&Gefepf puf


rsm;xm;&dSonfh rnfonfhae&m
wGifrqkd BudKufESpfouf&m ukef
ypnf;0,f,lEkdifonfhpepf jzpf
onf/
Visa Inc. \ ADZmuwfrsm;

MOBbPf

ES i f h uar m ZbPf ? CB bPf


wkdY\ ATM pufrsm;wGif aiGom;
xkwf,lEkdifonfh 0efaqmifrIudk
NyD;cJhonfh 2012 'DZifbmvt
wGif;u yxrqHk;pwifcJhonf/
,ck jref r mta&S U wk d i f ;

pwif jrefrmtdwfpfy&ufpf 0ufbfqdkuftm;

bPfESifh xkdukrPDwkdY yl;aygif;


xm;onfh 0efaqmifrIrSm ATM
pufrsm;wGif ADZmuwfrsm;udk
xnfhum aiGxkwf,lEdkifonfh
pepf r[kwfbJ POS pufrsm;&dS
aom aps;0,fae&mrsm;wGif t
qdyk g uwfrsm;jzifh aiGay;acsjcif;
udk jyKvkyfEkdifonfh 0efaqmifrI
jzpfonf[k ,if;bPf\ refae
*sif;'gkdufwm a':MunfMunf
oef;u ajymonf/
MOB bPfonf tar&d
uef u k r P D u if ; wk d Y E S i f h yl ;
aygif;aqmif&GufrItwGuf a&G;
cs,fxm;aom jynfwGif;\ yk*
vdubPf oHk;bPfwGif yg0if
aom bPfvkyfief;wpfckjzpfNyD;
tjcm;bPfEpS b
f PfrmS uarmZ
ESifh pDbDbPfwkdY jzpfMuonf/

rdkbdkif;uGef&ufwGif rdwfqufzG,f&Sdaom enf;ynmypnf;opfrsm;


qefz&efppudk? azazmf0g&D-2
pydefEdkifiH bmpDvdkemNrKdUwGif azazmf0g&D 24 rS 28 &uftxd usif;y
rnhf Mobile World Congress yJGBuD; eD;uyfvmonfESihftrQ
,if;yJGwGif xkwfazmfjyornhf ypnf;opfrsm;taMumif; owif;
aygufMum;rIrsm;vnf; rsm;jym;vmonf/

qrfaqmif;ukrPDu ,if;jyyJGwGif Galaxy Tab 3 tm;
pwifrdwfqufoGm;zG,f&Sdonf/ rsufESmjyiftus,f 7 vufr? 7
'or 7 vufrrS oifyek ;f uGeyf sLwmrsm;xuf t&G,t
f pm;Bu;D Ny;D
8 vufrjzpfEdkifonf[k cefYrSef;Muonf/ aps;EIef;rSmrl *l;*Jvf
Nexus 7 udk ,SOfNyKdifEdkif&ef a':vm 200 0ef;usifom
owfrSwfxm;Edkifonf/
HTC uk r P D u vnf ; ,if ; jyyJ G w G i f if ; \ aemuf
qHk;xkwf prwfzkef;udk xkwfazmfjyzG,f&Sdonf/ ukrPD
ESpyf wfvnfyw
GJ iG f ukrP
pD t
D ;D tdkyDwmcsL;u ]M7} [k a<u;
aMumfxm;aom AD'D,kdrsm;? "mwfyHkrsm;rSm 0ufbfay:
wGif yHsUESHYaeonf/ HTC M7 rSm rsufESmjyiftus,f
5 vuf r ES i h f Android 4.2 pepf y g0if u m yH k & d y f
t&nftaoG;tjrihfqHk;uifr&m yg0ifEdkifaMumif;
ESihf Qualcomm Snapdragon Pro pepfyg0if
EdkifaMumif; oHk;oyfMuonf/
awmifudk&D;,m;rS LG ESihf *l;*JvfwdkY yl;aygif;
xkwfvkyfaom Google Nexus 4 prwfzkef;
rsm;udkvnf; rdkbkdif;jyyGJwGif pwifa&mif;cszG,f
&Sdonf/ Nexus 4 tm; 8GB, 16 GB rSwf
Pfrsm;jzihf a&mif;cszG,f&Sdonf/
Ref: Gigaom

tvJAif;rD'D,m w&m;pJG

oef;aX;? at;olpH
&efukef? Zefe0g&D -30
tvJAif; rD'D,m*kyfu jrefrm
tdwfpfy&ufpfa'gheufcftm; tD
vufx&Geef pfqufo,
G af qmif
&Guaf &;yk'rf jzihf w&m;pJq
G v
kd u
kd f
aMumif; &efukefwdkif;a'oBuD;
&JwyfzUGJ rS wm0ef&o
dS w
l pfO;D xHrS
owif;&&Sdonf/
Zefe0g&D 15 &uf rGef;vJG 2
em&Dcefu
Y Eleven Media Group
\ 0ufbfqdkuftm; www.myanmarExpress.net 0ufbf
qku
d u
f vdrn
f mtykycf sowif;
vTifhaom ]] Eleven tm; DDOS
jzihf wdkufrnf}} [k azmfjyxm;
jcif;ESifh Eleven 0ufbq
f u
kd t
f m;
,if;aeYaeYv,f 2 em&DwiG f wpf
Budrf? Zefe0g&D 16 &ufaeYv,f
ES p f e m&D c J G w G i f wpf B ud r f p D 0if
a&mufMunhfIjcif; rjyKEdkif&ef
aESmih,
f u
S zf suq
f ;D cJo
h jzihf Myanmar Express 0ufbfqdkuf
ESihf aESmihf,Sufoltay: pHkprf;
azmfxw
k t
f a&;,lay;yg&ef wm
arG&Jpcef;odkY Eleven Media
Group \ 'gdkufwm OD;aZmf&J
aemifu w&m;vdkjyKvkyf wdkif
wef;cJhjcif;jzpfaMumif; owif;
&&Sdonf/
wmarG&Jpcef;u tDvuf
x&Gefepf qufoG,faqmif&Guf
a&;yk'fr 34(u)jzihf trIzGifh t

a&;,lxm;aMumif; &Jpcef;wGif
trIzGifh wdkifwef;ol OD;aZmf&J
aemifu ajymonf/
]]uRefawmfwdkY 0ufbfqdkuf
udk wdkufcdkufr,fvdkY Myanmar
Express u vIHUaqmfwJhowif;
awG wifw,f/ a'gufwmqdwf
zGm;rSm toa&zsufwJh ta&;
tom;awG u d k xyf w if w ,f /
uReaf wmfwYkd 0ufbq
f u
kd f twku
d f
cdkufcH&rSmudk olwdkYu BuKdodae
w,f/ 'g[m wdkufcdkufwJhtzJGU
awGxJrSm olwdkYygw,fqdkwm
azmfjyaew,f/ 'D Myanmar
Express udk b,fol BuK;d udi
k af e
w,fqw
kd mawmh rodb;l / &JawG
u azmfxkwfay;&rSmyg}} [k OD;
aZmf&Jaemifu ajymonf/
uJo
h Ykd 0ufbq
f u
kd f wdu
k f
cdkufjcif;cH&onhftwGuf aeYpOf
owif;rsm; 0ifa&mufzwfIae
Muonhf pmzwfy&dowfrsm; t
oHk;jyKr&jcif;? *kPfodumydkif;t
& epfemqH;k I;H rIrsm;jzpfay:onhf
twGuf &Jpcef;wGif w&m;pJGqdk
&jcif;jzpfaMumif; OD;aZmf&aJ emif
u ajymonf/

tGefvdkif;ay:rS bavmh
wpfcktm; ,if;odkY w&m;pJGqdk
jcif;ESihf ywfouf tDvufx
&G e f e pf quf o G , f a qmif & G u f
a&;yk'frjzihf axmif'PfESpf&Snf
pmrsufESm(24)odkY

24

Technology
Microsoft Office 2013 udk
e,l;a,muf? azazmf0g&D-2
rd k u f u d k a qmh z f u k r P D o nf
Office 2013 ESihf Office 365
pepfrsm;udk Zefe0g&Dv 29 &ufrS
w&m;0if p wif a &mif ; csaeNyD
jzpf&m toHk;jyKvdkolrsm;tae
jzihf office.com 0ufbfqkdufESihf
tjcm;vufvt
D a&mif;qdik rf sm;
wGifyg 0,f,l&&SdEdkifNyDjzpfonf/
toHk;jyKolrsm;taejzihf yHk
rSeftwdkif; pm;yJGwifuGefysLwm
rsm;twGuf Office 2013 pepf
udk 0,f,lEdkifovdk yxrqHk;t
Budrftjzpf ukrPDodkY rdrd\ t

w&m;0ifpwifa&mif;cs

rnfpm&if;ay;oGi;f 0,f,o
l nhf
pepfjzihv
f nf; 0,f,El ikd af Mumif;
od&onf/ trnfpm&if; ay;
oGif;0,f,ljcif;pepf uGefysL
wmaygif;rsm;pGmtwGuf 0,f,l
vQif p&dwpf u oufomrnfjzpf
onf/
xdkYtjyif Office 365 pepf
tm; tifwmeuf csw
d q
f ufxm;
aom uGefysLwmrsm;twGuf
oHk;pJG&vG,fulapNyD; Cloud p
epfjzihf tjynhft0 csdwfquf
xm;onf/
Office 2013 tdrfESihf

ausmif;om;oHk;pepftm; uef
a':vm 140 jzihf a&mif;csonf/
tdrfESihf pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;oHk;
twGuf uefa':vm 220?
Office 2013 Pro twGufqdkyg
u uefa':vm 400 jzihf a&mif;
csoGm;rnfjzpfonf/ rdkufudk
aqmhzf\ aemufqHk;xkwf OS
rSm wdkYxdrsufESmjyifpepfrsm;udk
aumif;pGmtoHk;csxm;NyD; i Pad
ESihf *l;*Jvf\ Android pepfoHk;
enf;ynmrsm;udk aumif;pGm
wefjyefxm;aMumif; oHk;oyfMu
onf/
Ref: PC world
pmrsufESm(23)rS

jrefrmtdwfpfy&ufpf 0ufbfqdkuftm; tvJAif;rD'D,m w&m;pJG


uscHcJh&zl;ol pma&;q&m Zmwf
Tef;a&;q&m aZmfoufaxG;u
]] Myanmar Express qkdufu
wifwJh owif;awGu tajct
jrpfvnf;r&Sdbl;/ ckdifrmrIvnf;
r&Sdwmudkawmh vufcHygw,f/

'gayrJh tDvufx&Gefepf yk'fr


34(u) uawmh 'Dru
kd a&pDacwf
rSm ql;ajimihfcvkwfjzpfaewJh
Oya'yg/ aiG'PfeJY axmif'Pf
qdv
k nf; vydik ;f avmufyJ jzpfap
csifygw,f/ ckawmh 15 ESpfqdkNyD;
jy|mef;xm;wm t&if etztpd;k
&&JU tifwmeufoHk;wJholwdkif;
udk aMumufvefo
Y mG ;atmif vkyf
xm;wJh vky&f yfyg}} [k ajymonf/
Zefe0g&D 29 &ufu jynfoYl
vT w f a wmf t pnf ; ta0;
oCFe;f uRe;f rJqEe,frS jynfoYl
vTwaf wmf ud,
k pf m;vS,f OD;ode;f
GefYu 2004 ckESpfwGif jy|mef;
cJhonhf tDvufx&Gefepf quf
oG,faqmif&Gufa&; Oya'udk
k y f o d r f ; onh f Oya'Murf ; ud k
wifoiG ;f cJ&h mwGif acwfpepfEiS fh
avsmf n D a tmif jyif q if o ih f
aMumif;? ,if;Oya't& &mZ
0wfaMumif;? jypfrIaMumif;t&
w&m;pJGqdkEdkifNyD; ,cif tpdk;&
vufxufu tD;ar;vfvdyfpm
wpfc&k dS jkH zihf ,if;yk'rf jzihf w&m;
pJG cH&Ny;D axmif'Pf 15 ESpt
f xd
usc&H Edik af jc&Sad e&m ,if;Oya'
udk jyifqifoihfaMumif; pojzihf
tcsufrsm;yg0ifonf/ ,if;t
qdkudk qufoG,fa&;ESihf owif;
tcsut
f vufenf;ynm 0efBu;D
Xme 'k0efBuD; OD;aomif;wifu
vnf; jypfrIESihf jypf'Pfrsm;udk
jyifqifjy|mef;oihfaMumif; jyef
vnfajymMum;xm;onf/
wmarG&pJ cef;wGif Zefe0g&D
28 &ufu trIzGifhxm;NyD; trI
zGifhNyD; oHk;&uftwGif; wpfpHkwpf
&m w&m;pJGqdkxm;aomfvnf;
a'gufwmqdwfzGm;\ Eleven
Media Group tm; toa&
zsuo
f nhf ta&;tom;rsm;ay:
wpfpHkwpf&m ta&;,laqmif
&Gu&f efurdk l vwfwavm qdik ;f iHh
xm;aMumif; OD;aZmf&Jaemifu
ajymonf/

25

Article

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

uAsmNrdKU
]csu
D sK;d }rSm uReaf wmfwq
Ykd rD mS e,f
NrKd Uav;awGvkd aus;vufaemuf
cHtm;aumif;aom NrdKUwpfNrdKU
jzpfvrd rhf nfxifonf/ taMumif;
rl csD u sKd ; od k Y vm&mvrf ; wpf
avQmufum;vrf;ab;wGif &Gm
pkav;awGudk rjywfoavmuf
awGUcJ&h aomaMumifh jzpfygonf/
odYEk Sifhwkdif uRefawmfwdkY &GmawG
ESifhawmh rwlyg/ jrefrm&GmawG
rSm opfyiftyk t
f yk Mf um;rSm uyg
Ek;d uyfum wJpak v;awGomrsm;
onf / ol w d k Y & G m awG u m; opf
BuD;0g;BuD;yif odyfrawGU/ tm;
vk;H tkww
f u
kd af v;awG jzpfonf/
aemuf r S topf a qmuf x m;
aom &GmopfawG jzpfavrnf
vm; awG;rdonf/
raeYnurS tifwmeufwGif
&S m Munf h & m csD u sKd ; taMumif ;
udkydkod&onf/ trSefpifppf csD
usKd;rSm auGUcsDcdkif? okef;usD &Spf
wkid Ef iS chf si,
f ef;aus;vufa'o
ok;H ckEiS hf usK[
d aG wmifay: a'o
wdkYudk pkpnf;xm;aom e,fNrdKU
BuD;wpfNrdKU jzpfavonfaum/
odkYwap jrefrmEkdifiHrS e,fNrdKU
awGvdk IyfIyfaxG;axG;? royf
r&yfawmh um;r[kwf/ ayusif;
wdkY eefusif;wdkYESifh tNydKifoyf&yf
om;em;aom Nrd K UBuD ; wpf N rd K U
jzpf o nf / aus;vuf a 'o\
at;csrf;NidrfqdwfrI taiGUt
ouf&SdaeqJ jzpfonfhwkdif t
xdkuftavsmuf pnfum;aom
NrdKUwpfNrdKUvnf; jzpfygonf/
xd k Y x uf csD u sKd ; rS m ouf
wrf;&SnfMumvSNyDjzpfaom,Of
aus;rINrdKUawmfBuD;vnf; jzpf
onf/ at'D 621 ckESpf wefrif;
qufacwfu wnfxm;cJhonf
[k trSwftom;&Sd&m NrdKUouf
ESpfaygif; 1400 cefY&SdaeNyD jzpf
onf/

wkwfpmayorkdif;wGif
ausmf M um; xif & S m ;vS a om
axmif,Grfrif;vdk? vDydkifvdk?
okrlvdk? aygifusef;vdk acwft
qufquf pmayu0drsm; csDusKd;
odkYa&mufzl;um csDusKd;bJGUuAsm
awG renf;raema&;cJhMuonf/
rif;qif;wkdif; uAsmq&mrsm;\
aysmfarGU&m ]uAsmNrdKU} [lyif
wifpm;cH&aom NrdKUjzpfonf/
uAsmNrdKUu uRefawmfwdkY
udk b,fykHBudKavrnfenf;/
zHGUNzdK;a&;Zkef
yxrqkH;tawGUu uAsm
rqefvyS g/ reufyikd ;f tpDtpOf
u csDusKd;[kdif;wuf(csf)zHGUNzdK;a&;
Zkefudk avhvmMu&rnfjzpf&m
]tefa0qef;ousK;d }txnfcsKyf
pufkHudk t&ifqkH;vkdufjyonf/
cef;rxJ 0ifvkdufonfESifh armf

wmoH ]wa*smif;a*smif;}u BudK


ESio
hf nf/ awmifEiS chf s&D v
dS rd rfh nf
cefYrSef;&aom tyfcsKyfpufrsm;/
pufcw
Hk idk ;f wGif acgif;razmfwrf;
tvkyfvkyfaeMuaom tvkyf
or rd e f ; uav;rsm;ud k v nf ;
awGU&onf/ uAsmtawG;jzifh
ai;&D&DaevdkY r&aom tvkyf
orav;awG jzpfygvdrfhrnf/ ol
wdkY udkifwG,f&aom tvkyfESifh
olwdkYusifvnf&aom pnf;ywf
vrf;u uAsmrIudk cGifhjyKvdrfh
rnfrxif/
taemuf w k d i f ; zH G U Nzd K ;NyD ;
EkdifiHrsm;\ pHESifh MunfhvQifrl
odkYaom txnfcsKyf pufkHav;
rsm;rSm ]acR;puf}Hk (Sweatshop)
awGom jzpfygvdrrhf nf/ wu,f
awmh wkwfjynfBuD; zHGUNzdK;a&;
avSum;xpfay: wufvmEkid cf hJ
onfrmS olww
Ykd pfawG\ vkyt
f m;
jzifh tpjyKcJh&onf[k qdkEkdifyg
vdrfhrnf/ EkdifiHjcm; &if;ESD;jrKyfESH
olawG? wkwfjynfBuD;udk pdwf
0ifpm;MuonfrSmvnf; olwdkY
wpfawG\ aps;csKad om vkyt
f m;
aMumifh jzpfEkdifygonf/ ajym&
vQif zH G U Nzd K ;wk d ; wuf v maom
wkwjf ynfBu;D \ aus;Zl;&Sirf sm;
[k qdk&ygvdrfhrnf/
tqkdyg aus;Zl;&Sifrsm;udk
wkwt
f pd;k &u b,fvakd us;Zl;
wkHYjyefay;ygoenf;/ olwdkY &&Sd
aom vkyfc? olwkdY\ vkyfief;cGif
tajctaeESifh olwkdYvlaerI
tqifu
h kdxJx0J if0if odciG &hf vQif
rl taemufrS pGypf aGJ om ]acR;puf
kH}[kwf? r[kwf tuJjzwfEkdifyg
vd r f h r nf / ,ck v k d yef ; cif ; ud k
jrif;pD;jzwf&ovdkrsKd;ESifhawmh
bmrSrnfrnf&& rod bmo
abmxm;rS ray;wwfyg/ olwdkY
rsufESmav;awG vef;vef;qef;
qef; r&SdvSonfudkawmh owd
jyKrdonf/
uHtm;avsmfpGm txnf
csKyf pufkHydkif&SifESifhawmh awGU
cGifh&cJhonf/ olu *syefvlrsKd;/
wkwfjynf a&mufaeonfrSm
tES p f o k H ; q,f & S d a eNyD [ k qd k
onf/ wkwftrsKd;orD;ESifhyif
tdrfaxmifusNyD; om;orD;rsm;
&Sdonf[k od&onf/ tESpfokH;
q,fqkdawmh ,Ofaus;rI awmf
vS e f a &;ud k od r D v k d u f o l j zpf
aumif; jzpfvdrfhrnf/ olYrsufESm
um; cyfNidrfNidrf? cyfat;at;/
at;wdat;puf[lyif qkdEkdif
onf/ b0\ txktaxmif;
t vSnfhtajymif;rsm;aMumifh
cHpm;rI aoG;at;oGm;onfyh rHk sK;d /
]]&Se[
f ikd ;f vdk eefusi;f vdk NrKd U
BuD;awGrSm r[kwfbJ tckvdk NrdKU
av;rSm bmpdwful;eJY vmtajc
cswmygvJ}}
jrefrmtzJGU acgif;aqmif

OD;udkudkvIdifu pkHprf;awmh puf


kHydkif&Sif *syefBuD;u toHwdrf
wdrfjzifh ajzonf/
]]b,fae&mrSm b,fpufHk
aqmuf&r,fqdkwm tpdk;&u
TefMum;wmyg}}
]]aMomf 'Dvdkukd;}} uRefawmhf
twGufawmh awG;p&mawG t
awmf&oGm;onf/

a,muf x uf ryk d / pwif c gp


vkyfief;opf jzpfrnfxifonf/
oJ&Sef;ESifh 0l&SD;
aemuf c&D;wpfawmufrSm
auGUcsDcdkif oGef;&SefNrdKUe,fpk&Sd
oJ&Sefwd&pmefarG;jrLa&; pcef;
jzpfonf/ NrdKUjyudk cGm aus;

vufpyf qifajczkH;odkY

*Ev&mZf c&D;onf (11)


ausmf0if;

NrdKY jyrS aus;vufodkh (7? Edk0ifbm 2012)


wkwfaps;uGufBuD;udk a&mif;
vdt
k m;ESihf 0,fvt
kd m;u armif;
ESifoavm (odrYk [kw)f ay:vpD
ESihf armif;aeoavm/
onfrSmyif uRefawmfwdkY
ESit
hf wl vku
d yf gvmaom csu
D sK;d
NrKd Uawmf0ef rpausmif;&Sicf siu
f
0if&Sif;onf/
]]csDusKd;u txl;OD;pm;ay;
zHGUNzdK;a&;ZkefrdkY aemufydkif; EkdifiH
jcm;&if;ESD;jrKyfESHrIawGudk csDusKd;
rSm 0ifvmzdkY EkdifiHawmfu tBuH
jyKwmyg}}
uReaf wmf *syefBuD;\ rsuf
ESmudk zswfceJ Munfhvkdufonf/
olYrsufESmrSm rNyHK;r&D? ai;&D&D/
txnfcsKyfpufkHrS tjyef
a&muf o G m ;onf u m; vD c sef ;
pufypnf;pufkH/ ypfpwifwkd;
oH ]w'kdif;'dkif;} atmufwGif t
qkdif;vkdufcJG tvkyfvkyfaeMu
aom tvkyform;awGudk awGU
&onf/ pufrIacwfOD;\ oauF
w ]pnf;ywfvrf;}udu
k m; awGU
ae&qJyif/ pnf;ywfvrf;aysmuf
tvkyf w
Hk pfcu
k v
kd nf; vku
d yf yYkd g
ao;onf/ uGeyf sLwm tpdwt
f
ydkif;rsm; xkwfvkyfonfh pufkHqdk
vm;yif/ odkYwap 0efxrf;rsm;
rsm; rawGU&/ av;? ig;? q,f

oGm;&aom c&D;/ v,fuiG ;f us,f


Bu;D awG pm;usuaf jrawGukd jzwf
oGm;&onf/ &Gmpkav;awGudk
vnf; awGU&onf/
oJ&SefrSm ukrPDydkif arG;jrL
a&;pcef;qdkaomfvnf; &Gmav;
wpf&mG vdyk ifjzpfaeygNy/D [d;k ..t
a0;awm&dyfawmif&dyfawGMum;
rS vSyoyf&yfaom &Gmuav;
wpf & G m yif / &G m qd k a omf v nf ;
v,form;tdraf v;rsm;rSm bef
*vdkqefqef vSvSyyav;rsm;
jzpf awmifpcef;NrKd Uav;ESiyhf if
wlao;awmhonf/
pcef;t0if a&tkdifav;udk
jzwf uReaf wmfwu
Ykd m;av;u
pcef;xJodkY 0ifvmonf/ xdka&
tkdifav;wGif ydk;owfaq;cwf
xm;onf[k od&onf/ pcef;xJ
odYk 0ifvmorQ um;wkid ;f ? vlwidk ;f
a&tkdifav;udk jzwf&pNrJ jzpf
onf/ pcef;wGif;rS wd&pmefawG
a&m*gydk; rul;puf&atmif vkyf
xm;aom tpD t rH j zpf o nf /
uRefawmfwdkYqDrS MuufNcHrsm;t
0if 0 wG i f xk H ; jzL;xm;onf u d k
owd&rd NyHK;&ao;onf/
pcef;wm0efcu
H uReaf wmf
wdt
Yk zJUG udk vSnv
hf n
S jf yoonf/
0efcH&vQif wd&pmefawGudk pm

a&;ol pdwrf 0ifpm;yg/ uReaf wmfh


ab;wGif uyfygvmaom usef;
,Dudkom odvdkorQ ar;jref;pkH
prf;&onf/
]]'DukrPDudk b,folydkif
wmvJAs}}
]]&Gmom;awG ydkifwmaygh}}
xkH;pHtwkdif; olu oGuf
oGuv
f ufvuf tajzay;onf/
aemuf ...,l0Hh<um;pGmjzifh/
]]aMomf . 'gjzif h bk H t zJ G U
oabmrsKd;aygh}}
]]Ekd; ..Ekd;..Ekd;}}

'D w pf c gvnf ; cyf o G u f


oGuf? odkYaomf rsufESmuawmh
cyfysufysuf/ okdYwdkifatmif cyf
wif;wif;yif qufajymonf/
]]wkwjf ynfrmS bkt
H zJUG awG
zsufodrf;cJhwm MumygNyD/ 'DaeY
bkHtzJGUwpfckrS r&Sdawmhygbl;}}
]]'gjzifh t&if;tES;D b,fvkd
pkMuvJ}}
]]&Gmom;awG&UJ t&if;tES;D
eJY rwnfwmaygh/ jynfe,ftpdk;
&u ulnDwmvnf; &Sdw,f}}
]]'Dpcef;u xGufwJh xGuf
ukefawGudka&m b,fvdka&mif;
vJ}}
]]jynfe,ftpkd;&uyJ wm
0ef,laps;uGufwifygw,f}}
]]&Gmom;awGtwGuf cHpm;
cGifhua&m}}

]]vpmay;w,fav/ NyD;
awmh usef;rma&;? ynma&;?
EkdifiHawmfuyJ wm0ef,lw,f}}
,aeY wkwjf ynf\ w&m;
0iftikd 'f t
D v
kd *kd s]D qd&k ,
S v
f pfaps;
uGuf}qdkonfudk q0g;rdvdkufyg
onf/ aps;uGufawmh aps;uGuf
yif/ okdYwap bkHtzJGU taiGUt
ouf ruif;wwfao;/
pcef;wGif; tvkyform;t
csKdUudk awGU&aomfvnf; pum;
ajymcGifhromcJhyg/ &Gmom;awG
udkawmh wpfa,mufrSrawGU/
olwdkY\ oD&da*[m [kqdkaom
wdkufvSvSav;awGudkawmh jrif
cJh&onf/
aeYv,fpmudk arG;jrLa&;
pcef;ESihf reD;ra0;&Sd ]0l&SD;} [dk
w,frSmyJ pDpOfxm;onf/ 0l&SD;

rSm Resort Hotel trsKd;tpm;


jzpfonf/ EdkifiHjcm; c&D;oGm;rsm;
twGuf &nf&G,faqmufvkyf
xm;[ef w l y gonf / tpm;t
aomufaumif;onf/ 0efaqmif
rItqihfjrihfonf/ Icif; txl;
vSonf/
txl;ojzihf uRefawmfwdkY
aeY v ,f p mpm;&m yxrxyf
Murf;jyifus,fBuD;rSm vSyaom
yef ; csD u m;csyf B uD ; wpf c k x J
a&mufaeovm; atmufarh&
onf/ pdrn
hf Kjd ymrIid ;f aom awmif
wef;BuD;rsm; 0dkif;&Hvsuf&Sdaom
a&uefom/ a&ueftv,fjzwf
azmufxm;onhf arwmaygif;
ul ; wH w m;jzLjzL/ xd k Y a emuf
awmifwef;jymESihf uefompdrf;
udk ul;csnfjzwfcsnf tkyfzJGUysH
oef ; aeMuaom aw;qd k i S u f
av;rsm;/ wu,fhudk wkwfdk;
&myef;csu
D m;vSvaS v;xJ0if Ny;D
aeYv,fpmpm;&ovdkyif/
uRefawmfhrSm oJ&Sef;wGif
wkwfwdkY\ b0 wpfpdwfwpf
a'oudk vSpcf eJ jrifvu
kd &f ovdk
&SdNyD; 0l&SD;wGifrl wkwfwdkY\ tEk
ynmcHpm;rIudk weihfwydk;BuD;
xd a wG U vd k u f & ovd k &S d a wmh
onf/
pHjy&Gm
aeYv,fpmpm;NyD;onfESihf
uRefawmfwdkYtzJGUudk vdkufydkYyg
onf / ,ef ; cRef r S m pH j yaus;
&Gmjzpfonf/ &Gmt0ifrkcfOD;u
yif uRefawmfwdkYqDrS bkef;BuD;
ausmif; t0if0vdk cefYxnfvS
onf/ rkcfOD;teD; {&mrqdkif;
bkwfBuD;ay:wGifvnf; &Gm\
tay:pD;tjrif ajryHBk uD;wpfcsyf
udk ususeepdkufxlxm;onf/
&Gmt0if EdkifvGef uw&m
vrf;rBuD;rSm ]&Gm} qdkom tcif;
tusif;ESihf bmrSrqdkifavmuf
atmif cefYnm;oyf&yfvSonf/
&G m v,f vrf ; rwpf a vQmuf
b,frSmMunhfMunhf yHkpHusus
wdkuftdrfav;awGcsnf;/ uyfrdk;
uyfum wJomomrqdkESihf ysOf
axmifoGyfrdk;yifr&Sd/ tm;vHk;
uGefu&pfwdkufawGcsnf; jzpfae
onf/

&Gmom;awGudkawmh [dk
wpfp?k 'Dwpfpk awGU&onf/ uRef
awmfwdkYtzJGUudk cyfvSrf;vSrf;rS
uGufMunhfuGufMunhf vkyfae
Muonf/ pum;oGm;ajymMunhf
awmh acgif;om wGifwGifcgjy
onf/ t*Fvdyfpum; wu,f
rwwf o nf v m;? rwwf c sif
a,mifaqmifMuonfvm;rod/
rwwfEkdif? EdkifiHwumoHk;bm
ompum; vuf[efajc[efudk
om oHk;&onf/
pmrsufESm(40)odkY

26

Article

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

ppfawmh tJh'gonf wm0efjzpf\/ wm0efqdkonfrSmay;rS


,l&onfh wm0efcsnf; oufouf&Sdonfr[kwf/ ray;bJ
vnf;,ltyfonfh wm0ef&dSavonf/ rdrda&muf&dSaeaom t&yf
a'oESihf rdrx
d rf;aqmifaeaom tvkyw
f Ykd ray;aomfvnf; rdrb
d m
omzefwD;,ltyfonfh wm0efqdkonfrSm &dSav\/ rdrdbmomzef
wD;,lonhf xdkwm0efonf rdrda&muf&dSaeaomt&yfa'oESifh rdrd
xrf;aqmifaeaom tvkyfwdkYtay:xm;&dSonfh rdrd\arwmapw
emwdkY jrpfzsm;cHavonf/

pif

odkYwdkif tcsdKUu xdkwm0ef


udk ayghqMuonf/ wcsdKUu arh
avsmhMuonf/ tcsdKUurl wm
0ef &dSonf[kyif xifMuyHkr&Mu
ajymayghaygh? vkyfayghayghawGu
rsm;vSonf/

'guvnf; udk,fhwm0ef
udk,fzef wD;,l&onf qdkjcif ;
xuf trdefYay; trdefYcHb0wGif
om usiv
f nfc&hJ csed af wG? q,fpk
ESpfrsm;pGmESifhcsDum Mumanmif;
vmcJo
h jzifh rdrd bmom zefw;D ,l
&onfh wm0efpdwf"mwfajcmuf
cef;oGm;cJhMujcif;vnf; jzpfyHk&
avonf/
rnfoq
Ykd akd p xdo
k aYkd om wm
0efrrhJ aI Mumifh vlt
Y oufawG t
a[moduH qH;k &I;H cJ&h jcif;rsm;? jref
rmhordik ;f xJrmS a[mwpfcak [m
wpfck axmufjyvdkYrukef qdko
vdk &dScJh&zl;onf/ tao;qHk;rS
onf tBuD ; qH k ; xd &d S c J h o nf /
terw*/ tjcm;tjcm;aom
ynma&;? pD;yGm;a&;? ponfjzifh
wm0efrJhrIaMumifh epfemqHk;&IH;cJh
Mu&onfrsm;vnf; tyHktyif&dS
avao;\/
xm;awmh/
,ck ajymvdkonfu wm
0efrJhrIaMumifh jzpfay:vmcJh&
onfh armfawmf,mOfrawmfw
qjzpfrIawG onfESpfawGxJrSm
&efuek v
f Nkd rKd UBu;D ay:rSma&m e,f
ta0;ajy; vrf;rawGay:awG
rSma&m trsm;tjym; Mum;cJh&
onf/ owif;qd;k awGcsn;f rdYkpdwf
csrf;ajrUzG,f&mr&dS/ jzpfvdkufNyD
qdk 'ifESifhtifESifh/
wu,fawmh &efuek x
f rJ mS
jzpfjzpf? ta0;ajy;vrf;rSm jzpf
jzpf uw&mvrf;tpyfrS ajc<u
vsuf um;ay:odw
Yk ufvu
kd rf Nd y;D
NyD qdkuwnf;u udk,fhb0udk,f
rydkifawmhaMumif; owdESifh ae
wwfolwdkif;odonf/ udk,fhb0
wpfckvHk;udk um;q&mwdkYvuf
xJ 0yifruGufbJ vHk;vHk;vsm;
vsm;xnfv
h u
kd Mf u&jcif;om jzpf
onf/ wpfenf;qdk&vQif udk,fh
udk,fudk,fpDrHcefYcGJydkifcGifh wpfck
vH k ; ud k um;q&mwd k Y x H tyf E S H
vdkuf&ovdkomjzpfawmh\/
&efukefa&TNrdKUawmfBuD;rSm
jzifh ae&mxdkifcif;rStp um;q
&mudkudkwdkY oabm/ 'Dem;ae qdk
ae/ [dkem;oGm; qdkoGm;/ txl;
um;qd k a omf v nf ; rxl ; um;
jzpfoGm;awmhvnf; aevdkuf/

vlrusyfao;vdkY 'DrSwfwdkifrSm
wpfntdyfr,f qdkawmhvnf;
tdyfaygh/ bmwwfEdkifwmvdkuf
vdkY/ udk,fhrSmu ajymcGifhr&dScJhwm
MumcJah ygh/ ajymMunfah v/ wcsKd U
trSt
D wG,&f w
Sd v
hJ ikd ;f BuD;awGu
tHkeJY usif;eJY? oHwkwfvnf;ygo
wJh/ qdkawmh.. ]] wdwfwdwfae
aocJ }} ESifhyJ aecJhMu/ ta&cGHxl
cJhNyD;onfhjrefrmjynfolawGyJy?
aysmaf ysmyf g;yg; &,f&,farmarm
ESifhvnf; arhypfvdkufEdkifcJhMu/
odkYwdkifvnf; ]] a&SUrSm [dk
aumif txdkifcsNyD; wHjrufpnf;
odr;f aew,f 0du
k yf pfvu
kd af wmh
q&ma&U }} qdkonfhtoHMum;
vdkuf&NyD;NyD qdkvQifawmh um;
ay:rSm wdyad omawG? oHAak '
awG aomaomnHawmhonf/
onfvdkESifh naeapmif; ajcmuf
em&DcGJ ckepfem&Dqdk vlIyfIyf &ef
ukefNrdKUwGif; vrf;awGay:rSm
vdkif;um;BuD;awGu olwdkYudk,f
ydik v
f ikd pf if,x
l m;onfh vrf;awG
vdk xifwdkif;BuJMuonf/ vrf;
ay:rS vl u d k v nf ; *k p d k u f &
aumif;rSe;f rod/ vrf;wpfaMum
wnf ; um;i,f a wG u d k v nf ;
nmwm&aumif;rSef;rod/ um;
ay:rSmygvmolawGuawmh olY
vufckyfxJua&yJ/
olaY &SU avumrSeaf y:wGif
txift&Sm;a&;xm;onfh pm
wef;udkawmh olaumif;aumif;
jrifyHk&onf/
]] oifhom;orD; ZeD; rdom;
pkrsm;u ab;tE&m,fuif;&Si;f
pGmjzifh oifjyefvmrnfhtcsdefudk
apmifharQmfaeMuonf}} wJh/
onfpmwef;u odNy;D om;/
taMumif;r[kwf/ jzpfvmNyDqdk
awmhvnf; cyfokwfokwfqif;
Ny;D xGuaf jy;vdu
k f ykH / pdwu
f ap
pm;NyD;om; toifh&dSwwfMu\/
pdkufvuPmuyif
wm0ef,lpdwfae&m atmuf
wef;uspdwfu ajcpHk0if&yfNyD;
om;&dES iS ahf Mumif; jyqdv
k u
kd jf cif;
yifjzpfonf/ &mcdkifEIef;jzifh ajym
vQif xif&mpGwv
f yk v
f mNy;D xGuf
ajy;olu 80 &mcdkifEIef;ausmf&dS
onf/ xdkodkY udk,fhwm0efudk,f
,l&Jonfh owdr&dSvQif e*dku
wnf;u qifjcifwdkif;xGmpdwf
&dSMuzdkYaumif;onf/ odkYaomf
ESpfckvHk; r&dS/
ud,
k w
f ikd f jrifawGUcJ&h onf
r[kwfonfhwdkif tonf;ESvHk;

ray;aomfvnf; ,ltyfonhft&m
oif;&D

xJ? em;xJwGif ,aeYxufwdkifpGJ


aeonfh &efukefNrdKUay:rS ,mOf
rawmfwqjzpfrI wpfck&dSonf/
tcsif;csif; ]zdkuf} um om
auwt0dkif;udk twdkif;tqr
&dSonfht&dSefjzifh xifwdkif;BuJNyD;
ywfvmonfh rDeDbwfpfum;u
wpfzuf ,mOfaMumay:wGif olY
bmomol at;at;aq;aq;
armif;vmonfh wupDum;udk
,mOfaMumudkausmfvsuf rsuf

&ovd k cg;cg;oD;oD ; jzpfa erd


onf/
wu,fawmhvnf; xdkodkY
aom jzpf&yfqdk;wdkif;rSm pnf;
urf;rJrh EI iS hf wm0ef,pl w
d u
f if;rJh
rIawGaMumifo
h m jzpfay:cJ&h jcif;
jzpfavonf/
ta0;ajy;vrf;rawGay:
rS m vnf ; onf E S p f a wG x J r S m
,mOfrawmfwqjzpfrIawGydkvdkY
yifrsm;vmonf/ txl;ojzifh

wu,fawmh &efukefxJrSmjzpfjzpf? ta0;


ajy;vrf;rSm jzpfjzpf uw&mvrf;tpyfrS
ajc<uvsuf um;ay:odkY wufvdkufrdNyD;NyD
qdkuwnf;u udk,fhb0udk,f rydkifawmh
aMumif; owdESifhaewwfolwdkif;odonf/
udk,fhb0wpfckvHk;udk um;q&mwdkYvufxJ
0yifruGufbJ vHk;vHk;vsm;vsm; xnfhvdkuf
Mu&jcif;om jzpf onf/ wpfenf;qdk&vQif
udk,fhudk,fudk,f pDrHcefYcGJydkifcGifh wpfckvHk;
udkum;q&mwdx
Yk H tyfEHSvdu
k &f ovdo
k mjzpf
awmh\/
ESmcsif;qdkifrS 0ifwdkufojzifh
wupDay:rS ,mOfarmif;a&m
um;ay:wGif ygvmonfh c&D;
onf oH;k OD;yg ae&mwGiyf if yGcJ si;f
NyD;Mu&onf qdkonfhtcg rDeD
bwfpfarmif;ol rnfodkYcHpm;&
rnf rodaomfvnf; Mum;&ol
&ifxw
J iG jf zifh taMumif;rJh ouf
ouf jzpf&avw,f[k eifhae
atmif cHpm;&onf/ ,ckxuf
wdkifvnf; Murf;ae&rf;qJ xdk
bwfpfum;awGudkjrifvQif vl
owfwJh ,E&m;wpfckudk jrif

&efukef-rEav; tjrefvrf;r
BuD;ay:rSmjzpfonf/
aemuf0ifonfh um;opf
awGuvnf; tif*sifyg0gawG
aumif;? vrf;uvnf; acsmo
jzifh xifwdkif;Murf;Muonfht
cg jzpfvdkufNyDqdk ydk;pdk;yufpuf/
wu,fwrf;rSmawmhvnf; tJh
onf tjref v rf ; qd k o nf u
vnf; tjrefvrf;yDyDoo ppf
ppfjrpfjrpf r[kww
f mvm;vnf;
rod/ tjrefvrf; t*FgESifhrnD
ao;onfh rnfumrw tjref

vrf;[kvnf; ajymoHMum;&&JU/
oYdkaomf vrf;u uGefu&dvrf;
acsmqdkonfhtcg onfvdkvrf;
rsdK; rBuHKzl;Muao;onfh um;
q&mwdu
Yk owduv
kd w
T
f armif;
Muonfhtcg a[mjzpfjyefa[m
jzpfjyefqdkovdk rMumcP/ a&SU
u jzpfomG ;wm rMumao;vnf;
aemufvlu rqifjcifMu/
pm&if;Z,m;t&qdk xdkt
jrefvrf;rBuD;ay:rSmwGif yif
2009 rS 2012 txd 3 ESpfwm
umvtwGif; ,mOfrawmfw
qrIaygif; 354 Budrf jzpfyGm;cJh
um aoqH;k ol 186 OD;? 'Pf&m&
ol 566 OD;&dScJhonf/ xdktjzpf
tysuf 354 Budrf\ jzpf&jcif;
taMumif;&if;rsm;udk pl;prf;onfh
tcg ,mOf a rmif ; \ aygh q rI
aMumifhjzpf&jcif;u 258 Budrf
jzpfaMumif; awGU&avonf/
&efuek -f rEav; tjrefvrf;
rBuD;rS vGJvsuf jrefrmjynfwGif;
vrf;awGqdkonfu 4 vrf;oGm;
r[kwfonfursm;onf/ rsuf
ESmcsif;qdkif 2 vrf;oGm;yif cyf
usOf;usOf;/ vrf;acsmonfh &ef
uke-f jynfvrf;onfyif yGwu
f m
oDumESifh tawmfusOf;onf/
wkwf armfawmfqdkifu,fawG
aps;aygaygESifh acwfxvmcJh
onfrSm MumNyDjzpf vrf;ay:
rS m ol w d k Y a wG u vnf ; I y f I y f
axG;axG;&dSvSonf/ NyD; olwdkY
av;awGu vrf;pnf;urf;&,f
bm&,fESifh av;av;yifyifr&dS
wwf/ wcsdKUuqdk jzpfumrSjzpf/
xDrxif/ onfvdkvrf;rsdK;ay:
rSmarmif;&onfh um;q&mawmh
b,fvdkaernfrod/ um;ay:
wGifygvmonfh c&D;onf udk,f
ujzifh onf;wxdwfxdwf tlw
,m;,m; &dSvS\/

rMumao;cif &ufydkif;xJ
rSm jynf-awmifuw
k f vrf;ay:rS
,mOf r awmf w q owif ; qd k ;
wpfck ylylavmavm Mum;vdkuf
&ao;onf / &cd k i f d k ; ray:rS
awmifukwfbufodkY qif;vm
onfh c&D;onf 40 ausmfudk
wifaqmifvmaom c&D;onf
wif avtdwfbwfpfum;BuD;
wpfp;D aywpf&mausmef ufonfh
acsmuf B uD ; xJ o d k Y xd k ; usoG m ;
onfwJh/ eHeuftapm 3 em&D
0ef;usif nOfhtarSmifydef;ydef;
aqmif;'Pfat;at;BuD;xJrSm
atmfoH nnf;oH idk,dkoH ulMu
yg u,fMuyg atmf[pftult
nDawmif;cHoHawG &cdkifdk;rBuD;
ay:rSm tylrD;awG avmifaecJh
avowJh/
um,uH&SifawG rnfrQcH
pm;Mu&rnfrod/ Mum;&olyif
&ifxrJ mS eifo
h nf/ awmifuw
k rf S
u,fq,fa&;awG tavmw
BuD;a&mufvmMuayrifh ae&m
wGifyif c&D;onf 14 OD;touf
qHk;IH;um 33 OD; 'Pf&m&onf
wJ/h rsupf w
d pfrw
Sd f vQyw
f pfjyuf
qd k o nf h wpf ' *F a v; twG i f ;
owdvufvGwfjzpfcJh&onfh t
jzpf/ ae&mwGiyf if uG,v
f eG o
f mG ;
cJh&onfh um;armif;ol 'dkifbm
omvQif b,folYtjypfvJ? vrf;
tjypfvm;? um;tjypfvm;? rdrd
udk,fwdkif\ tjypfayyJvm; od
Edkifayawmhrnf/ bmyJjzpfjzpf
jyem wpf & yf j zpf N yD ; umrS
b,fot
Yl jypfv&J mS &onfxuf
vlUtoufaygif; 40 udkwm0ef
,lo,faqmifvmcJhonfh rdrd
\ tvkyftay:wGif tapmu
wnf;uyif arwmESifh apwem
t&if;cHaom wm0ef,l vdkpdwf
uomvQifyd
k y"meusrnfxif
onf/
2011 ckESpfxJwkef;u rGef
jynfe,f usdKufxdkNrdKUteD;wGif
jzpfyGm;cJhonfh ,Ofrawmfwq
jzpfrIwpfcktaMumif;uvnf;
arhypfEdkifp&mr&dScJh/
bk&m;zl;,mOf wpfpif;ESifh
ta0;ajy;,Of v d k i f ; rS tjref
,mOfBuD;wpfpD; wdkufrIjzpfcJh&m
tjref,mOfay:wGifygvmonfh
c&D;onfawGu ab;roD &efr
c&dSMuaomfvnf; bk&m;zl;um;
ay:wGifygvmonfh c&D;onf 7
OD; aoqHk;cJh&vsuf 18 OD;'Pf
&m&oGm;cJhMu&onf/
xdkodkY vlYtoufawG yuf
yuf p uf puf jzpf yG m ;cJ h &onf h
,mOfwdkufrIwGif ta0;ajy;rSef
vHt
k jref,mOfvikd ;f rS wm0ef&o
Sd l
rsm;u if;wdEYk iS jhf zpfymG ;cJ&h aom
xdt
k jzpftysut
f ay: rsuEf mS vTJ
cJypf vspfvsLIcJhMuonfwJh/
owif;wpfyk'fwGif zwf&onf/
pmrsufESm(35)odkY

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

ausmif;okH;pmtkyf kdufESdyfjzefY jzL;jcif;vkyfief; yk*vdu vkyfukdifcGifhjyKrnf


aevif;xGef;
&efukef? azazmf0g&D -2
tajccHynma&;ausmif;rsm;t
wGuf ausmif;okH;pmtkyf&kdufESdyf
jcif;jzefYjzL;jcif;vkyfief;rsm;ukd
vmrnfh ynmoifESpfrSpwif
yk*vduokdY vkyfukdifcGifhjyK&ef pD
pOfaeaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
ausmif;okH;pmtkyfrsm;\
t&nftaoG;jrSifhwif&efESifh y
nma&;0efxrf;rsm;\ vkyftm;
rsm;rxdckdufap&ef ausmif;okH;
pmtkyf&kdufESdyfjcif;ESifhjzefYjzL;
jcif;udk yk*vduokdYaps;NyKdifpepf
jzifh vkyfukdifcGifhjyK&ef pDpOfae
jcif;jzpfaMumif; ynma&;0efMu;D
XmerS tqifhjrifht&m&SdwpfOD;
u ajymonf/
vuf&SdtcsdefwGif ausmif;
okH;pmtkyfrsm;twGuf ykHESdyfa&;
ESifh pmtkyfxkwfa0a&;vkyfief;
(PPE) rS ESpfpOfwm0ef,l&kdufESdyf
&aompmtkyfrSm oef;aygif; 40
ausmf&SdaeNyD; tcsdefrDkdufESdyf&
jcif;jzefYa0&jcif;wkdUaMumifh vkyf
ief; yrmPwm0ef BuD;rm;ae
aMumif;od&onf/
]]ynma&;0ef B uD ; Xmeu

0ef x rf ; awG & J U vk y f t m;awG


xkwv
f yk Nf y;D ok;H ae&w,f/ q&m
q&mrawG&JUoufqkdif&mynm
a&;wm0efeJY oifMum;a&;wm
0efawGudk z,fcGmNyD; vkyfae&
w,f/ausmif;okH;pmtkyfawG&JU
t&nftaoG;vnf;aumif;ap
csifw,f/ aemufNyD;qGJaqmifrI
&Sw
d t
hJ a&miftaoG;pkv
H ifwhJ yk f
ykHawGayhg/'grS uav;u pmrS
pdwf0ifpm;rI&Sdr,f/ vuf&Sdvkyf
aewJh puLeJU &kyfykHawGu tm;
enf ; aew,f / uav;wpf
a,mufu pmtkyfwpftkyfudkif
&if wpfEpS rf cHb;l / pmtkyt
f &nf
taoG;jrifv
h mzkUd vkyif ef;aqmif
&GufrIukd ynma&;0efxrf;awG
vkyfwmxuf yk*vduvkyfief;
&Siaf wGukd aps;NyKid pf epfeYJ ac:Ny;D
awmh Xmeurltwkdif;vkyfr,f
qkd&if ykdNyD;xda&mufrSmyg}}[k
txufygyk*Kdvfuajymonf/
ausmif;okH;pmtkyfrsm;t
&nftaoG; jrifhwifjcif;ESifh
yk*v
u
d okYd vkyu
f idk cf iG jhf yKjcif;wkYd
aMumifh aps;ESKef;tajymif;tvJ
jzpfay:EkdifNyD; trsm;wwfEkdif
rnfh aps;EIe;f jzifh &&SEd idk &f efaqmif

"mwfykH-a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

&Guo
f Gm;rnfjzpfaMumif; od&
onf/
]]aps;ESKef;uawmh trsm;
BuD;wkd;zkdY awmhr&Sdygbl;/t&nf
taoG;jrifhvmwJhtwGuft&if
xufenf;enf;jrifhoGm;rSmaygh/
rdbawGwwfEkdifr,fhaps;EIef;yg
yJ/ yk*vduvkyfw,fqkdayr,fh
vnf; tjrwfawGtrsm;BuD;wif
vkdYr&ygbl;/bmvkdYvJqkdawmh
tNyKd iaf wG&w
dS myJav/ ynma&;
u wm0ef&SdwJholawGuvnf;
xdef;rSmaygh}} [k tqkdygtqifh
jrifht&m&Sdu qkdonf/
ausmif ; ok H ; pmtk y f r sm;
onf ynma&;0efBuD;Xme\ rl
ykdifjzpfaomfvnf; jyifywGifyk*

vdu ykHESdyfwkduftcsKdUu w&m;


r0ifykHESdyfa&mif;csjcif;rsm;&Sd
aeNyD; pmvkH;aygif;? t"dym,f?
tcsut
f vufEiS hf ude;f *P mef;
rsm; trSm;t,Gi;f ESiv
fh t
dk yfcsuf
rsm;&SdaeaMumif;od&onf/
jrefrmEkdifiH&Sdrdom;pkrsm;
onf 4if;wkdY 0ifaiG\ 70 &mckdif
EIef;ukd ynma&;qkdif&m tokH;
p&dwftwGuf tokH;jyKae&NyD;
ausmif; ok;H pma&;ud&,
d mukeu
f s
p&dwrf mS tjrifrh m;qk;H jzpfaeum
usL&Sifoifp&dwf? ausmif;vc?
ausmif;okH;ykHESdyfpmtkyfp&dwf
rsm;vnf ; jrif h r m;aeaMumif ;
ynma&;qkdif&mppfwrf;wpfck
wGifazmfjyxm;onf/

tusOf;axmifrsm;wGif usef&Sdaeonfh EkdifiHa&;tusOf;om;rsm;udp rMumrD ajz&Sif;rnf[kqkd


atmifol&? jynfodrf;?
xGef;ckdif
&efukef?
azazmf0g&D -4
tusOf;axmifrsm;twGif; usef
&Sdaeonfh EkdifiHa&;tusOf;om;
rsm;udprMumrDajz&Sif;oGm;rnf
jzpfaMumif; orwk;H 0efBuD;Xme
(3)rS jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;pkd;
odef; u ajymMum;vkdufonf/
jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;onf
vufuseftusOf;om;rsm;udp
ESifh ywfoufNyD; ajymqkd&mwGif
]]Ekid if aH &;tusO;f om;}}[k ok;H EIe;f
oGm;cJhNyD; 4if;wkdUta&;twGuf
tpkd;&bufrS oufqkdifolrsm;?
t&yfbufvlYtzGJUtpnf;rsm;?
EkdifiHa&;ygwDrsm; ndEIdif;NyD;
pm&if;aumuf,loGm;rnfjzpf
aMumif;vnf;ajymcJhonf/
]]uRefawmfwkdU ndEIdif;NyD;
awmh wu,fhEkdifiHa&;tusOf;
om;b,fEaS ,mufusev
f JtcsKyf
xJrSm? b,folawGvJ? wu,f
vm;? wu,fqkd&if vkdif;wm;
r,f? b,fESpfa,mufusefvJ t
a,muf20vm;?100vm;?aemuf
vmrajymeJY? 'DvkdrsKd;[mav;
wpfcpk vkyaf eNy/D }} [k jynfaxmif
pk0efBuD;OD;pkd;odef;onf aejynf
awmfwGif azazmf0g&D 3&ufu
jyKvkyfaom 0efBuD;Xmersm;ESifh

rD'D,mrsm;awGUqkHyGJwGif ajym
Mum;vkdufonf/
vufusefEkdifiHa&;tusOf;
om;rsm;twGuf jynfaxmifpk
0efBuD;wpfOD;u ukdifwG,fajz
&Si;f rIrsm; jyKvyk o
f mG ;rnf[ak Nym
qkdcsuftay:EkdifiHa&;tusOf;
om;a[mif;rsm;ESihf 4if;wkUd vGwf
ajrmufa&;aqmif&Gufolrsm;u
BuKdqkdvkdufMuonf/
jynfwGif;Nidrf;csrf;a&;ESifh
trsKd;om;jyefvnfoifhjrwfa&;
vkyfaqmif&mwGif EkdifiHa&;ESifh
ywfoufNyD; zrf;qD;cH&olrsm;
vGwfajrmufa&;rSm ta&;BuD;
onfhudpjzpfaMumif; EkdifiHa&;
tusOf;om;a[mif; OD;aZmf
oufaxG;u ajymonf/ vlod
rsm;aomEkdifiHa&;tusOf;om;
a[mif;rsm;rSm jyefvnfvGwf
ajrmufvmcJhaomfvnf; vlrod
olrodzrf;qD;cHcJh&olrsm;rSm t
usOf;axmifrsm;twGif; usef&Sd
aeqJ j zpf a Mumif ; 4if ; uqk d
onf/
wpf c sd e f u w&m;Oya'r
@Kdif,dk,Gif;rIaMumifh rw&m;
zrf;qD;cHcJh&oltrsm;tjym;&SdcJh
aomaMumifh EkdifiHa&;tusOf;
om;rsm;tm;tBudrBf udrcf v
JG w
T f
ay;jcif;xuf taxGaxGvwf
Nidrf;csrf;omcGifhay;&efta&;

BuD;aMumif; EkdifiHa&;tusOf;
om;rsm;a[mif;tzGJUcsKyfrS ukd
pkd;rkd;xGef;uajymonf/
vufusefEkdifiHa&;tusOf;
om;rsm;vGwfajrmufa&;tjyif
aemif w G i f E k d i f i H a &;vS K yf & S m ;rI
rsm;aMumifh zrf;qD;cH&rnho
f rl sm;
ta&;udrk nfuo
hJ Ydk ukid w
f ,
G af jz
&Sif;rnfqkdonfrSmvnf;xnhf
oG i f ; pOf ; pm;&rnf h t a&;BuD ;
onfhtcsufwpfckjzpfaMumif;
88rsKd;qufausmif;om;tzGJUrS

ukd*sifrDu aNymonf/
EkdifiHa&;tusOf;om;rsm;
ta&;ESihfywfoufNyD; vIyf&Sm;
&mwG i f v l o d r sm;onf h t zG J Y t
pnf;jzpfonfh xkdif;EkdifiH tajc
pdu
k Ef idk if aH &;tusO;f om;rsm;ul
nD a pmif h a &S m uf a &;toif ;
jrefrmEkdifiH (AAPP)u tusOf;
axmifrsm;twGif;EkdifiHa&;t
usO;f om;rsm; 222 a,mufusef
&SdaeqJjzpfaMumif; 2013 Zefe
0g&D 8 &ufwGif xkwfjyefcJhonf/

wkdif;&if;om;a&;&m0efBuD;rsm;
tjcm;0efBuD;rsm;ESihf wef;wlcHpm;cGihf&rnfh
Oya'wpf&yf jy|mef;Ekdifawmhrnf[kqkd
rif;[def;ausmf
&efukef?azazmf0g&D-4
jynfe,fEiS fh wkid ;f a'oBuD; tpd;k
&tzGUJ rsm;rS wkid ;f &if;om;a&;&m
0efBuD;rsm;tm; tjcm;0efBuD;
rsm;ES i h f w ef ; wl taqmif t
a,mif? cHpm;cGihfrsm; &&Sdaprnfh
Oya'wpf&yfudk vTwfawmfESpf
&yfvHk;\ oabmwlnDcsufjzifh
rMumrD twnf j yKjy|mef ; Ek d i f
awmhrnfjzpfaMumif; vTwaf wmf
ukd,fpm;vS,ftcsdKUu ajym
onf/
]]'DOya'u wkdif;&if;om;
a&;&m0efBuD;awGeJY jynfe,f?
wkdif;tpkd;&tzGJU 0efBuD;awG&JU cH
pm;cGifh twlw&l &Sad prSmyg/ tck
vTwfawmfESpf&yfvHk;u oabm
wlvkdufNyDqkdawmh rMumcifrSm
Oya'twnfjzpfvmawmhrSm
aygh}}[k trsdK;om;vTwfawmf
ukd,fpm;vS,f a':cif0dkif;Munf
uajymonf/
wkdif;a'oBuD; (odkYr[kwf)
jynfe,ftqihf yk*dKvfrsm;\ csD;
jrifhaiG? p&dwfESihf taqmift
a,mifrsm;qdkif&m Oya'udk jyif
qifonfh Oya'Murf;ukd trsdK;
om;vT w f a wmf \ twnf j yK
csuftwkdif; azazmf0g&D 1 &uf
wGif jynfov
Yl w
T af wmfrS twnf
jyKvkdufjcif;jzpfonf/
Ekid if aH wmfat;csr;f om,m
a&;ESifh zGUH NzKd ;a&;aumifprD S xkwf
jyefonfh wkdif;a'oBuD; (odkYr
[kwf) jynfe,ftqihf yk*dKvf
rsm;\ csD;jrifhaiG? p&dwfESihf t
aqmifta,mifrsm;qdkif&m Oy
a'\ rlvjy|mef;csufrsm;t&

wkdif;&if;om;a&;&m0efBuD;rsm;
\ csD ; jr i f h a iG E S i h f taqmif t
a,mifrsm;ukd tjcm;0efBuD;rsm;
xuf tqifhedrfh jy|mef;xm;
ojzihf a'gufwmat;armif t
ygt0if vT w f a wmf u k d , f p m;
vS,f 23 OD;\ avQmufxm;csuf
aMumifh tqkyd gjy|mef;csuo
f nf
tajccHOya'ESihf nDGwfrIr&Sd
aMumif; tajccHOya'cHkHk;rS qHk;
jzwfcsufcscJhonf/
if;qHk;jzwfcsufudk tajc
cH txufygOya'ukd jyifqif
onfh Oya'tm; jy|mef;Ekdif&ef
twGuf trsdK;om;vTwfawmf
wGif pwifaqG;aEG;cJhaMumif;
vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,frsm;u
ajymonf/
]]orwBuD;eJY uRefawmfwkdY
wkdif;&if;om;a&;&m0efBuD;awG
awGUtNy;D rSm taqmifta,mif
awG wkd;jrihfay;cJhygw,f/ pD;p
&mum;awG? aep&mtdrfawG&cJh
ygw,f/ vpmuawmh rwk;d ao;
ygbl ; / 'D O ya'jy|mef ; NyD ; &if
awmh vpmyg wdk;ay;avmufyg
w,f}}[k ucsifjynfe,frS Arm
wkdif;&if;om;a&;&m0efBuD;u
ajymonf/
vTwaf wmfEpS &f yfrS twnf
jyKvkdufaom jyifqifonfh Oy
a't& wkdif;&if;om;a&;&m0ef
BuD;rsm;onf tjcm;0efBuD;rsm;
wef;wl vpmcHpm;cGihf&&Sdrnf
jzpfNyD; tpkd;&aetdrf? vHkNcHKa&;
tapmifhta&Smuf? ukd,fa&;t
&m&S d ? armf a wmf , mOf E S p f p D ; p
onfh taqmifta,mifrsm;ukd
cHpm;cGihf&&Sdrnfjzpfonf/

av,mOfqif;oufrItrsm;qHk; av,mOfuGif;rsm;wGif avaMumif;vrf;Tefud&d,mrsm; pwifwyfqif


cefYxuf
&efukef?
azazmf0g&D-1
av,mOfqif;oufrI Budrfa&
rsm;vmaom av,mOfuiG ;f rsm;
wGif avaMumif;vrf;Tefud&d
,mpufrsm; pwifwyfqifaeNyD
jzpf a Mumif ; avaMumif ; T e f
Mum;rIOD;pD;Xme TefMum;a&;rSL;
csKyf OD;wifEdkifxGef;u ajym
onf/
tqdkyg avaMumif; vrf;
Tefpufud&d,monf ajrjyif
wGif wyfqifxm;NyD; a0[ifrS
av,mOfESihf csdwfqufum rnf

onhfOD;wnfcsufodkY oGm;&rnf?
rnfonhftuGma0;wGif &Sdae
onfponfwdkYudk owif;ay;ydkY
onhf ud&d,mjzpfonf/
,ck b@mESpt
f wGi;f yk*-H
anmifOD;? [J[dk;? oHwJG? wmcsD
vd w f ? jrpf B uD ; em;ponh f av
,mOfuGif;rsm;wGif tqdkyg puf
ud&d,mrsm; tNyD;wyfqifoGm;
rnfjzpfNyD; &efukef(vSnf;ul;)
ESifh xm;0,f&dS pufrsm;udk topf
vJvS,fwyfqifoGm;rnf[k OD;
wifEdkifxGef;u ajymonf/
Edik if jH cm;om;trsm;qH;k 0if
xGuf jynfwGif;avaMumif;

vdkif;rsm; qif;oufrIBudrfa&
jrihrf m;aom uGi;f rsm;wGif OD;pm;
ay;wyfqifoGm;&ef&SdaMumif;
TefMum;a&;rSL;csKyfu qdkonf/

jrefrmEdkifiHwGif vuf&Sd
toHk;jyKaeaom av,mOfuGif;
(32) uGif;teuf ,if;pufud&d
,m wyfqifxm;aom uGif;rSm
ajcmufuGif;om&Sdonf/
avaMumif;vrf;Tefpuf
ud&,
d m wyfqifjcif;jzihf a0[if
av,mOfyso
H ef;&mwGif tqif
ajyNyD; jrLESif;xlxyfaom &moD
OwkESihf rdk;&Gmaom &moDOwkwdkY
wGif ydkrdk tqifajyaMumif; av

,mOfrSL;rsm;u oHk;oyfonf/
avaMumif;TefMum;rI OD;
pD;Xmeu avaMumif;vrf;Tef
pufud&d,mrsm;udk ,cifu Edkif
iH a wmf \ tul t nD j zih f wyf
qifaeNy;D ,cktcg *syeftjynf
jynfqdkif&m yl;aygif;aqmif&Guf
a&;at*sifpD (JICA) \ tult
nDjzihf wyfqifrnfjzpfonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif pkpkaygif;
av,mOf u G i f ; (69) uG i f ; &S d
onht
f euf (35) uGi;f om toH;k
jyKaeNyD; aeYpOf jynfwGif;av
aMumif;vdkif; ckepfvdkif;rS ysHoef;
ajy;qJGvsuf&Sdonf/

28

Current Affairs

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

txl;pD;yGm;a&;ZkefrS rxl;awmhwJU

ajr,mjyem
cifyGef;uG,fvGefNyD; oHk;vMumaomtcg
a':at;rmqDodkY owif;qdk;wpfck xyf
a&mufvmonf/ Zefe0g&D 31 &uf nae
ydkif;u touf 41 ESpft&G,f a':at;rm
wkt
Yd rd o
f Ydk &J? rD;owfwyfzUJG 0ifrsm;ESifh &Gmvl
BuD;rsm;vm 0g;x&HwGif pmwpf&Gufuyf
oGm;ygonf/
pmxJ oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;
a&;Zkef{&d,mtwGif; tcGihft
rdefYr&bJ aexkdifjcif;jzpfaom
aMumifh ESpfywftwGif; tdrfudk
z,f&Sm;a&TUajymif;ay;&ef NrdKU
e,ftkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;u vufrSwf
xdk; trdefYxkwfxm;jcif;jzpf
onf/ trdefYremcHygu Oya'
t& &ufoHk;q,f tcsKyfusrnf
jzpfaMumif;vnf; yg&Sd\/

xkdaeYu oefvsifNrdKUe,f
zvrff;&Gmopf (at;jroDwm&yf
uGuf) ESihfuyfvsuf pDrHudef;ajr
wGif aexkid Mf uaom a':at;rm
wkYd rdom;pkomru tvGr;f qGwf
&Gma[mif;ESifh oDv0g? zvrf;?
u&uf paomaus;&Gmrsm;teD;

"mwfykH-xufykdifNzdK;(Z0e)

tm;rmef

pDrHudef;ajrtwGif;aexkdif a&TUajymif;ay;&eftrdefYpm

&Sd aetdrfrsm;pGmwGif xkdpm&Guf


rsm; uyfcJhygonf/

]]trsm;u zsufqkdawmh
zsufHkyJ/ aMumufvkdYom tdrfudk
zsu&f rSm? b,fomG ;ae&rSe;f rod
bl;}} [k aomursm;pGmjzihf a':
at;rmu zGihf[onf/ oDv0g
qdyfurf;wGif tvkyfMurf;vkyf
aomcifyeG ;f uG,v
f eG t
f Ny;D oH;k v
tMum olwdkY\ &dyfNrHKudkz,f&Sm;
&rnfqjdk cif;u BuKd wifarQmv
f ifh
xm;cJhaomfvnf; om;wpfOD;?
orD;wpfO;D \rdcif rkq;dk rwpfO;D
twGuf aEGacgifacgif rd;k BudK;ypf
oHuJhokdY xdwfvefYzG,f/

&efukefNrdKUxJrS um;jzihf
oGm;vQif wpfem&D0ef;usifjzifh

a&mufEidk af om oefvsiNf rKd Ue,f


oDv0gqdyfurf;a&SU us,fjyefY
vSaom ajruGufvyfBuD;wGif
Ekid if w
H umtqihf oDv0gtxl;
pD;yGm;a&;Zkef azmfxkwf&ef tpdk;
&u BudK;yrf;aeonf/ tpkd;&
opfu taumiftxnfazmfae
aom xm;0,f? oDv0g? ausmuf
jzL txl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef pDrHudef;
wkt
Yd euf yxrqH;k wnfaqmuf
NyD;pD;&ef &nfrSef;aeaom oDv
0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;ZkefrSmvnf;
tjcm;pDrHudef;rsm;enf;wl ajr
,mjyem tenf;i,f &Sdae
ygonf/
uyvyD ifv,ftxGuf &ef
ukejf rpf0wGif wnfaqmufxm;

oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkefwnfaqmufrnfh ajruGufvyfwpfpdwfwpfykdif;udk oDv0gqdyfurf;aemufcHjzihf awGU&pOf

aom oDv0gqdyfurf;teD; ajr


tus,f 2400 [ufwmay:
wGif uefa':vm 12 'or 6
bDvD,H (a':vmoef; 12600
ausmf)tukeftuscH *syefESihf
jrefrmwdkY yl;aygif;taumift
xnfazmfrnfh txl;pD;yGm;a&;
ZkefrSm rMumcif tajccH t
aqmufttHkrsm; pwifaqmuf
vkyaf wmhrnfjzpfonf/ okaYd omf
xdkpDrHudef; owfrSwf{&d,mt
wGi;f tvGr;f qGwfaus;&Gma[mif;
&Sd aetdrfrsm;? zvrf;&Gmopf? oD
v0g&Gmopf (vuf&Sdtrnf a&T
jynfom,m&yfuu
G )f u&uf&mG
(oDwmNrdKif&yfuGuf)paom &Gm
rsm;teD;&Sd vlaetdrfrsm; yg0if

aeonf/ xkaYd Mumihf oufqidk &f m


u pDrHudef;{&d,mtwGif; ae
xkdifolrsm; 14 &uftwGif; z,f
&Sm;ckdif;aejcif;jzpfonf/
oDv0g? ausmufjzLESifh xm;
0,f txl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkeftae
txm;wdkYrSmrwl/ xm;0,fa&
eufqyd u
f rf;ESifh txl;pD;yGm;a&;
Zkef wnfaqmufrnfhae&mrSm
&G m rsm; &S d a eaomaMumif h xk d
&Gmrsm;udk a&TUajymif;&jcif;jzpf
NyD; oDv0grSm ,cifuwnf;u
a&TUajymif;xm;aom &GmxJrSa'
ocHtcsKd Uu pDru
H ed ;f e,fajrwGif
jyefaexdkifMujcif;jzpfaMumif;
trsdK;om; pDrHudef;ESihf pD;yGm;
a&;zGHUNzdK;wkd;wufrI 0efBuD;Xm

e 'kwd,0efBuD; OD;qufatmif
u ajymonf/ ausmufjzLtxl;
pD;yGm;a&;ZkefrSmrl vlaexkdif
jcif;r&Sdaom ajrvGwf wnf
aqmufjcif;jzpfaMumif; if;u
qufajymonf/

,cif tpdk;&vufxuf
vGefcJhaom 16ESpfausmfu puf
rIpDrHudef;rsm; aqmif&Guf&ef[k
qku
d m tvGr;f qGwaf us;&Gmtm;
a&TUajymif;apcJhonf/ tdrfwpf
tdrftwGuf tpm;xkd;aep&m
tjzpf oefvsifNrdKUe,f atmif
csrf;omuGufopf ay 40 _ 60
ajrwpfuGufESihf a&TUajymif;
p&dwf 5000usyf?
pm(29)okdY

29

Current Affairs

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

pm(28)rS
avsmfaMu;tjzpf v,fwpf{u
vQif oD;ES&H v
dS Qif ESpaf omif;usyf
ay;cJhonf/ odkYaomf &GmwGifr
aebJ v,fxw
J iG af eol? tdryf idk f
qkdifaMumif;ESifh rdom;pktcsuf
tvuf rjynfhpHkoltcsdKUrSmrl t
pm;xdk;ajruGufr&cJh[k a'ocH
rsm;u ajymonf/

tpdk;&u aqmif&Gufrnf
qdkaom pDrHudef;rsm; ay:rvm
&GmcHrsm;u rlvv,fajrrsm;
udk oufqkdif&m XmetoD;oD;
wGif oD;pm;ctjzpf v,fwpf{
u pyg;ckepfwif; jyefay; q,f
pkESpf wpfckausmfMum v,fjyef
pkdufEkdifcJhonf/ ay:rvmaom
pDru
H ed ;f rsm;wGif v,fjyefvyk o
f l
rsm;vmaomaMumifh a&TUajymif;
xm;aom tvG r f ; qG w f & G m rS m
,cktcg ,cifuo
hJ Ykd tdraf xmif
pkrsm;pGmjzihf pnfum;aeonf/
okdYaomf ,cktBudrfwGifawmh
xkd&GmwpfckvHk; pDrHudef;A[dk
wGif&Sdae aetdrfrsm; ESpfywf
twGif;ajymif;&ef oufqkdif&m
u trdefYxkwfxm;onf/

]]'DpDrHudef;BuD; vkyfwJht
wGuf wdkYom;pOf ajr;quf b0
awG&if;NyD; ay;qyfvkduf&wm/
tckusawmh bmrS tusdK;cH
pm;cGihf ray;bJeJY ajymif;&rSmqkd

awmh 'kuonfawGjzpfaewm/
wdkYrSm bmrSr&Sdawmhbl;/ igwdkY
u dk[if*smvnf;r[kwf? b*Fg
vDvnf; r[kwfbJeJY 'kuonf
jzpfaeNy}D } [k a&TUajymif;&eftrdeYf
aMumifh touf 66 ESpft&G,f
tvGr;f qGwaf us;&Gmom;BuD; OD;
jrvdIifu nnf;wGm;onf/
OD;jrvdIifESihf a'ocHrsm;t
qdkt& ,cktcg tvGrf;qGwf
aus;&GmtkyfpkwGif tdrfajc 700
0ef;usif &Sdaeonf[kqkdonf/
okdYaomf xkd&GmtkyfcsKyfa&;rSL;
OD;xdev
f if;url tdraf jc 421 vH;k
om&SdaMumif; ajym\/
zvrf;ESihf oDv0gaus;&Gm
wkdYrSmvnf; tvGrf;qGwfuJhodkY
vGefcJhaom 16 ESpf0ef;usifu
pufrIZkefpDrHudef;aMumihf ,ck
wnf&Sd&m &GmopfokdY a&TUajymif;
cJhMu&onf/ tvGrf;qGwfESihf r
wlnDonfu a&TUajymif;p&dwf
ESihf tpm;xdk;ajruGuf ay 40_
60 wpfuGufpD ay;aomfvnf;
v,fajrrsm;twGuf avsmaf Mu;
r&cJhyg/
zvrf;&GmZmwd a':at;rm
wdYk rdom;pkrmS &Gmopf ay 40_
60 ajrwpfuGuf tpm;&onf/
rdom;pkpD;yGm;a&; rajyvnf
ajruGuf\wpf0uf ay 20_ 60
udk ig;aomif;usyjf zihf a&mif;cJNh y;D
usefajrwpfjcrf;udk vGefcJhaom

2 ESpfu wpfodef;cGJjzifh a&mif;


um aep&mr&Sad wmhaomaMumihf
&Gmjyif ajruGufvyfwGif tdrf
aqmufaejcif; jzpfonf/ cifyeG ;f
uG,fvGefpOf pufHkrSay;aom
ukPmaMu; usyo
f ed ;f ESpq
f ,f
&aomfvnf; txl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef
owif;aMumifh ajraps;kwfw
&ufBuD;ukef ,cktdrfzsufyg
u ajr0,f&ef olYaiGjzifh 10 ay
ywfvnfavmufyif r0,fEkdif/
]]NyD;cJhwJh wpfESpfuyJ ajr
wpfuGuf ay(40_60) ESpfodef;?
ESpfodef;cGJyJ&Sdwm/ tck ajrwpf
uGuf ode;f 200? 300 tcsKd Uvrf;
ab;ajrawGqdk usyfodef; 600
avmuf&Sdw,f}}[k zvrf;&GmrS
a':cifpdefuvnf; pDrHudef;o
wif;aMumihf NrdKUay:rS vm0,f
olrsm; wpfEpS t
f wGi;f ajraps;
BuD;oGm;yHkukd ajymonf/
]]pmvmuyfwJhnu tdyf
vkdYawmif raysmfbl;}} [k yxr
ESpfausmif;olESihf ajcmufwef;
ausmif;om;rdcif a':at;rmu
qkdonf/ olruJhokdY &GmjyifpDrH
udef;ajrtwGif; aejcif;aMumifh
a&TUajymif;&rnfhtdrf zvrf;&Gm
wGif 191 tdrf&SdaMumif; zvrf;
&GmtkyfcsKyfa&;rSL; OD;jrihfolu
ajymonf/

oDv0g&GmwGifvnf; t
uGucf say;xm;onfh &GmjyifwiG f

td r f a qmuf a eaom aetd r f


162 tdrf zsufodrf;ay;&rnf
jzpf a Mumif ; oD v 0g tk y f c sKyf
a&;rSL; OD;at;vGifu qkdonf/
tvGr;f qGw&f mG a[mif;wGif 421
td r f ? u&uf w G i f 55 td r f & S d
aomaMumihf txufygav;&Gm
rSmyif pDru
H ed ;f ajrwGiaf e usL;
ausmfjzpfoGm;NyD;?tdrfz,fay;&
rnfh rdom;pk 829 ck&Sdonf/ t
jcm;&Gmrsm;vnf; useaf o;onf/
zvrf; &GmopfEiS fh oDv0g &Gmopf
wkdYrSm pDrHudef; e,fajrtwGif;
&Sdaomfvnf; vGefcJhaom 16 ESpf
rS &Gma[mif;rS ,ckae&mokdY t
pm;xk;d ajruGuaf y;um &Gmwnf
xm;jcif;jzpf ,cktBudrfwGif
&GmxJrS aetdrrf sm; a&TUajymif;&ef
rvdkay/
a&aMumif;wuodkvf? a&TU
ajymif;cJNh y;D &Gmopfrsm;? bke;f awmf
BuD;ausmif;tcsKd UESihf puft
Hk csKd U
rSm Zkefe,fedrdwftwGif;&Sdaomf
vnf; a&TUajymif;p&mrvdk/
xdak 'owGif &Gma[mif;ae
&mESifh &Gmjyif ajruGufvyfrsm;
wGifaeaomaMumifh usL;ausmf
tjzpfowfrSwfcH&onfha'ocH
rsm;rSm &Gmopfajymif;a&TUpOf ajr
uGufr&aomaMumifh? tpm;xdk;
&aom ajruGuu
f akd &mif;Ny;D ajr
vGwfwGif oGm;aeaomaMumifh?
&GmxJwiG f tpm;xd;k ay;aom ajr

&Sdaomfvnf; &Gmjyif pDrHudef;


ajr tdrfxyfaqmufaeaom
aMumif?h tdraf xmifuswpft;dk
wpftdrfxlaxmifaomaMumihf
&GmjyifprD u
H ed ;f ajrwGiftdraf qmuf
aeMujcif;jzpfygonf/ tjcm;
aus;&GmrS vmaeaom rdom;pk
tcsdKUvnf; a&TUajymif;&rnfh pm
&if;wGiyf gaMumif; OD;at;vGifu
ajymonf/
tpm;xdk;ajruGufay;um
a&TUajymif;ay;xm;aom a'o
cH r sm;u pD r H u d e f ; e,f a jrwG i f
jyefaeaomaMumifh if;wdkYtm;
z,f & S m ;ck d i f ; jcif ; rS m tpk d ; &t
wG u f Oya't& rrS m ;aomf
vnf; qif;&Jaom v,form;
rsm; t&rf;'kurrsm;atmif pOf;
pm;pDpOfay;vQif tqifajyEkdif
aMumif; tpkd;&tzGJUrS wm0ef
&SdolwpfOD;u tBuHjyKonf/
]]Oya't& vkyfay;p&mr
vdkbl;/ 'gayrJh vlrIa&;t& vkyf
ay;oifw
h ,f/ vkyaf y;oihw
f ,f
qkdNyD;awmh olwkdYu rwefwq
awmif;rSm pkd;&drfw,f/ rwefw
qawmif;&if vkyfief;a&SUquf
roGm;EkdifbJeJY pDrHudef;MuefYMum
oGm;Ekdifw,f}} [k if;uquf
ajym\/

jynfaxmifpkvTwfawmf
v,f,majrESihf tjcm;ajrrsm;
odrf;qnf;cH&rI pHkprf;a&;aumf

r&Sif tzGUJ 0if jynfoUl vTwaf wmf


udk,fpm;vS,f OD;ckdifarmif&nf
uvnf; ]]jynfolawGbufu
Oya'eJYrnDwm &Sdaumif;&SdEkdif
w,f/Oya'eJYrnDwidk ;f tukev
f ;kH
udk vufvGwfpy,f vkyfvkdYr&
bl;/ pnf;urf;eJY rnDwkdif; odrf;
usKH;tjypfay;? ta&;,l&rSm
r[kwfbl;/ 'gu wu,fhrIcif;
awG usL;vGefaewmr[kwfbl;}}
[kqdkonf/
wGif a'ocHv,form;
rsm;bufu axmufjyvmonf
u vGefcJhaom 16 ESpfausmfu
pDru
H ed ;f rsm;aMumihf &Gmrsm;ajymif;
a&TUpOf xkdufwefaomepfem
aMu;r&cJ[
h q
k v
kd monf/ tpd;k &
twGufvnf; axmufjy&ef&Sd
onfu ,ciftpdk;&vufxuf
wGif wpfaoG;? wpfoH? wpfrdefY
ypfpvufcwfvkyfcJhaom pDrH
ude;f rsm;pGm&SdonfhtxJ oDv0g
pDrHudef;twGuf v,form;rsm;
udk tpm;xdk;ajrESihf a&TUajymif;
p&dwaf y;xm;aom pDru
H ed ;f jzpf
NyD; ,ciftpdk;&vkyfcJhorQ udp
wkid ;f udkjyefvnfajz&Si;f ae&ygu
wkdif;jynfzGHUNzdK;a&;twGuf pDrH
udef;rsm; a&SUquf&rnfr[kwf
[k tpd;k &tzGUJ rS wm0ef&o
dS w
l pf
OD;uqkdjyefonf/

tcsyfykd(D)okdY

30

Current Affairs
pm(22)rS

rdcifbmom tm;enf;vmaom tifwmae&Sife,fausmif;rS jrefrmuav;rsm;


]]uav;awG&JU tm;enf;
csufwpfcku jrefrmvdkajymr,f
qdk&if bmomjyefNyD; ajymaeo
vdkyJ/ wpfrsKd;BuD;jzpfaew,f/
Armpm awmfawmfnHhw,f}} [k
tifwmae&Sife,f ausmif;wpf
ckrS ausmif;om;rdbwpfOD;u
ajymonf/

ausmif;om; rdbrsm;\
pd w f a eoabmxm;ES i h f ywf
ouf jrefrmpmq&m *kPfxl;
OD;odef;Edkifu ]]wcsKdUrdbawGu
udk,hfuav; jrefrmpum; a&
a&vnfvnfrajymwwfwmudk
*kPf,laewwfMuw,f/ tJ'D
udpu rSm;,Gif;rIwpfckyJ/ tJ'D
vdkom qufoGm;&if trsKd;om;
a&;pdwf"mwfawG oN*K[fvdkuf
&Edkifw,f}} [k ajymonf/
xdkYjyif a':atmifqef;pk
Munfuvnf; jrefrmpmayESihf
,Ofaus;rItay: ]]udk,fh&JU bm
ompum;udk udk,hf&JU om;orD;
awG rarhatmif BuKd;pm;Muyg
vdkY uRefrwdkufwGef;csifygw,f/
udk,hf&JU,Ofaus;rIudk udk,f *kPf
,lEdkif&r,f}} [k NyD;cJhonhfESpf
puf w if b mvtwG i f ; oG m ;
a&mufcJhaom tar&duefc&D;
pOf jrefrmrdom;pkrsm;ESihf awGU
qHkpOf ajymMum;cJhonf/

1920 ckESpfrsm; jrefrm


pmayESihf ,Ofaus;rIwdkY arS;rSdef
cJh&aom tcsdefumvrsm;wGif
tpd&k ausmif;rsm;yif jrefrmpm
udk aumif;pGm roifvdk? jrefrm
Asnf; 33 vHk;rS 6 vHk;udk Ekwfy,f
&ef BuHpnfcMhJ uzl;onhf tjzpft
ysuf&Sdonf[k q&mwuodkvf
wifcu a&;om;cJhzl;onf/
zGUH NzK;d wd;k wufrI jrifawGUae
&aom jrefrmEdkifiHwGif EdkifiH
wumynma&;pepf yd k r d k w G i f
us,fvmNyD; tifwmae&Sife,f
ausmif;rsm; ydkrdkrsm;jym;vmEdkif
jref r mpmay? ,Of a us;rI
twGuf pdk;&drfrIrsm; &Sdaeaomf
vnf; udk,fydkifpmay? ,Ofaus;
rIjzihf udk,fcHtm;aumif;atmif
aqmif&u
G x
f m;oiho
f nf[kynm
&Sifrsm;u tBuHjyKonf/
jrefrmpmayonf jrefrm
vl r sKd ; wd k Y t wG u f ,Of a us;rI
tarGtESpfyifjzpfonf/ EdkifiH
wpfck\ ,Ofaus;rI tqihft
wef;udk tuJjzwf&m pmay
onf t"duusaom t&myif
jzpfonf/ ]]pmayjrihrf S vlrsK;d wifh
rnf}} [k Tef;qdkrIonf rdrdEdkifiH
ESihf vlrsKd;twGuf trsKd;om;pm
ay\ av;eufrIudk azmfjyvsuf
&Sdonf/

pm(9)rS

ar;jref;csufrsm;t& vdIifom
,m taqmifae vlwef;pm;t
rsm;pkrSm {&m0wDwkdif;rSjzpfNyD;
tvkyftukdif tcGihftvrf;rsm;
aumif;rGefygu arG;&yfZmwdodkY
jyefum tajccsvkdaMumif; if;
wdkYu ajymqkdMuonf/
]]wpfcgwavus&if aep
&mr&SdvdkY jyef&ifaumif;rvm;
awG;w,f/ 'gayrJh [kdrSmu t
vkyftukdifr&SdbJ bmvkyfpm;r
vJ}} [k a':ESif;&Du olr\Zm
wdzsmyHkNrdKUe,fodkY jyefvkdaom
qEudk ajymonf/
]]aep&mr&S?d tvkyv
f ufrhJ ?
ynmvnf;rwwfMuawmh vrf;
ab;a&mufoGm;wJh rdef;uav;
awGawmif&Sdw,f}} [k orD;ysdK
ESpfa,muf\rdcif a':ESif;&Du
ajymonf/

vuf&SdtcsdefwGifrl olr
rS m tl r awmif h z d k Y x uf rd o m;
pktwGuf ausmcsEkdifa&; wpf
ae&mNrJzkdYtwGufom ylyefae
&onf / tcef ; c ES p f a omif ;
ausmftwGuf aeYpOf kef;uef
ae&qJ/

ausmwpfcif;pmta&;...
xko
d YdkvH;k vnfcsmvnf usif
vnfae&aom taqmifae vl
wef ; pm;rsm;wG i f trsd K ;orD ;
i,frsm; yg0ifaom rdom;pkrsm;
rSm ykdtaetxdkifusyfwnf;
rIukd BuHKawGUMu&onf/
]]'Davmuf tcef;av;qkd
awmh orD;ysdKvnf;&dSw,f/ z
ata&m? armifa&m 'DrSmyJtdyf?
tJ'aD wmh uk,
d t
fh odawmif vm
vnfzkdY rac:&Jbl;}} [k orD;ESpf
a,mufrcd if a':ESi;f &Du &if zGifh
onf/taqmiftcef;iSm;&rf;
aexkid o
f rl sm;wGif tqifrajyrI
rsm; &SdouJhodkY taqmifykdif&Sif
rsm;rSvnf; owdxm;&onfh t
csufrsm;&Sdonf/

vIdifom,mNrdKUe,f&Sd t
aqmifydkif&SifwpfOD;u ]]vlt
rsm;pkNyD;aewmav? aumif;wJh
ol&Sdovdk qkd;wJholvnf; ygEkdif
w,f/ 'gaMumihf pnf;urf;awG
xkwfxm;wm}}[kqdkonf/
7Day News \ uGif;qif;
pm(5)rS

aorif;wref&xm;vrf;jywkduf jyefzGihfEkdif&ef pDpOfae


oHjzLZ&yfNrKUd wGif r[mrdwpf pfocFsKid ;f ESihf aorif;wrefr;D &xm;
vrf;jywkdufrsm;onftxifu&ae&mrsm;jzpfaomfvnf;jyKjyifxdef;
odr;f rIenf;onft
h wGuf od&o
dS El iS hf pdw0f ifpm;oltvGeef nf;[k oHjzL
Z&yf a'ocHwpfO;D uajymonf/ tqkyd gjywku
d af e&modYk*syefvrl sK;d rsm;
ESihf Oa&mybufrS {nfo
h nftrsm;qk;H oGm;a&muf avhvmonf[ck &D;
oGm;vrf;TefwpfOD;jzpfol udkatmifxGef;vif;uajymonf/
]]tckurD;&xm;pufacgif;Bu;D wpfc&k ,f?r[mrdwf ppfocFsKid ;f &,f
ukyd cJ &D;oGm;[efvjJT yae&wm}}[kuadk tmifxeG ;f vif;u Ekid if jH cm;c&D;
oGm;{nfhonfrsm; avhvm&rIESifh ywfoufajym onf/
'kw,
d urmppftwGi;f 1944-45ckEpS w
f iG foHjzLZ&yfrSxkid ;f -jrefrm
e,fpyfb&k m;ok;H qloYdk rkid (f 70)a0;onfrh ;D &xm;vrf;udw
k pfq,fo
h ;Hk
vMum azmufvkyf&mwGif a'ocHESifh acR;wyfom;aygif;&Spfaomif;
ESpfaxmifausmf aoqkH;cJhonf/

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

31

Article

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

rm,maumhzfpuD;&JU tpnf;ta0;eJY a'gufwmoef;xGef;&JUpawmh


armifomcsKd
(wpf)
uRefawmfwdkY cyfi,fi,f
bmomjyef pmtk y f r sm;ud k t
irf;r& zwfMupOfwkef;u awmf
awmf u av; tzwf t I rsm;
onhf pmtkyfrsm;rSm k&SESihf w
kwfu pmtkyfrsm; jzpfcJhonfudk
jyefajymif;trSw&f rdygonf/ qdk
&S,fvpfwdkY uGefjrLepfwdkYudk vl
i,fwdkY pdwf0ifpm;Mu&m 1960?
1970? 1980 q,fpkESpfumv
rsm;jzpf&m xd0k g'rsm; tm;aumif;
armif;oef&iS o
f efco
hJ nhf k&ES iS fh
wkww
f u
Ykd kd pdw0f ifpm;&mu xdk
EdkifiHxGuf pmayvuf&mrsm;udk
tzwftIrsm;cJhMuyHk&ygonf/
k&pS ma&;q&muAsmq&m
rsm;xJ vD,kdawmfpwdGKif;? ru
Zifa*:uD? wl&a*nuf? qdkZif
epfZif? tefweG cf suaf umhz?f yGwf
&Suif? eDudkvdkifMoxa&mhpuD?
*dk*dk;vf? rpfac;Idvdkaumhzf? a'gh
pwdk,ufpuD;? rm,maumhzf
puD;? ,ufwl&Sifudk? abm&pfyg
pwmnuf ponfponfponf
wdkYonfum; jrefrmpmzwf y&d
owfESihf txl;udk &if;ESD;uRrf;
0ifonhf pma&;q&m? uAsmq
&mrsm;jzpfygonf/
onftxJrmS rm,maumhzf
puD;u uReaf wmfw\
Ykd tonf;
pJjG zpfygonf/ emrnftjynft
h pHk
u Avm'Drm rm,maumhzpf uD;
(Vladimir Mayakorsky) / 19
Zlvdkif 1893 arG;um 14 {NyD
1930 udk,fhudk,fudk,f ao
ewfjzihf ypfowfNyD; b0udk t
qH;k owfco
hJ l emrnfausmf uAsm
q&m pma&;q&m/ olYvuf&m
]]A cloud in Trousers }} udk
q&m armifomEdk;u bmom
jyefay;cJhojzihf ]]abmif;bD0wf
rdk;wdrf}} qdkonhf uAsmudk uRef
awmfwdkY zwfcGifh&cJhMuygonf/
rm,maumhzfpuD;u o
a&mfwwfonhf Ofuav;&Sdol
jzpf&m olYuAsmwcsKdUu &dwdwd
axhawhawh/ qdkAD,ufacwf
k&SvlYtzJGUtpnf;u uGefjrLepf
ygwD\ vufatmufu vlYtzJGU
tpnf;jzpf&m xHk;pHtwdkif; bm
rS tvkyfrjzpfaom tpnf;t
a0;awGESihf eyef;vHk;ae&onhf
vl Y t zJ G U tpnf ; jzpf y gonf /
awmfMumae [dkem;u tpnf;
ta0;ac:vdkuf? awmfMumae
onfem;u tpnf;ta0;ac:
vdkuf/ 'gudk pufqkyf&GH&Sm atmh

ESvHk;emonfxifyg&JU/ rm,m
aumhzpf uD;u uAsmwpfy'k f a&;
ygonf/
vlawG vlawG? awmifudk
oGm;oloGm;? ajrmufudkoGm;ol
oGm;? ta&SUodYk taemufoYkd oGm;
aeol a wG u vnf ; wpf y H k w pf
acgif;? b,fuo
kd mG ;aeMuwmvJ
ar;vdkufawmh aoaocsmcsm
jyefajzzdkYyif tcsdefr&Mu/ cyf
okwfokwfvrf;avQmuf&if; ajz
oG m ;Muwmu tpnf ; ta0;
oG m ;rvd k Y w J h ? wpf a ,muf u
reufcif; tpnf;ta0;wpfck
&Sd&mujyefvmNyD; aeYv,fcif;
rSm aemuftpnf;ta0;wpfck?
naecif;rSm aemuftpnf;t
a0;wpfck xyf&Sdaeao;vdkYwJh/
vlwcsKdUudkvSrf;Munhfawmh xl;
xl;qef;qef; vlwpfjcrf;yJhBuD;
awG j zpf v d k Y ae&S m owJ h / ar;
Munhfawmh xdkvlwpfjcrf;BuD;
rsm;u tpnf;ta0;wpfck oGm;
wufMurvdw
Yk /hJ aemufxyf wpf
jcrf;u b,fa&mufaeovJar;
awmh wjcm;tpnf;ta0;wpfck
&Sd&mudk cJGydkYxm;&avowJh/
aMomf... uAsmq&m rm
,maumhzfpuD; olYuAsmudk t
qH;k owfvu
kd yf u
kH k&ES ikd if rH mS t
pnf;ta0;wpfck tjrefvkyfay;
Muprf;ygwJh/ aemifb,fawmhrS
tpnf;ta0;rvkyfawmhygbl;
qdkwJh tpnf;ta0;wJh/ uRef
awmf w d k Y zwf & if ; NyH K ;cJ h M u&yH k
rsm;/
(ESpf)
ordkif;ynm&yfe,fy,f
aevdk vvdkxif&Sm;onhf q&m
BuD ; wpf a ,muf &S d y gonf /
a'gufwmoef;xGef;/
1941 wGif &efukef,leDAm
pD w D r S Oypmwef ; atmif j rif /
1946 wGif ta&;ay:aumvdyf
rS 0dZmbJGU&/ 1947 wGif 0dZm
*kPfxl;bJGU&/ 1952 wGif Oya'
bJGU&/ 1956 wGif vef'efwu
odkvfrS yg&*lbJGU&/ 1990 wGif
vef'efwuodkvfrS pmay yg&*l
bJGU&/
ordkif;q&mtjzpf tcsdef
ydkif;enf;jyq&muav;b0rS
onf ygarmu t xd wm0ef
xrf ; aqmif c J h H k r Qru 1983
wGif wdkusKdEdkifiHjcm;bmomoif
wuodkvfwGif {nhfygarmu/
1987 wGif ajrmuftDvDEdGKufpf
wuodkvf ta&SUawmiftm&S
avhvma&;wGif {nhfygarmu/

1988 wGiftar&duef ajrmuf


tDvED KGd upf Ef iS fh *syefr&D *DS ef wu
odkvfrsm;wGif ordkif;{nhfonf
ygarmuponf ponfjzihf wm
0efxrf;aqmifoGm;cJhHkrQru jyK
pka&;om;oGm;onhf pmawGu
trsm;tjym;/ uRefawmhtdrfu
pmtkyfpifay:yifvQif q&m
BuD;\ pmtkyfav;q,feD;yg; &Sd
aeygonf/

q&mBuD;ESihf ywfouf
uRefawmfhpdwfxJ ESvHk;om;xJ
Niad ewmuav;wpfc&k ydS gonf/

wJh/ tcrf;tem;xJu y&dowf


tm;vHk; q&mBuD;udk av;pm;
cspfcifpdwfjzifh oabmusoGm;
um vuf c k y f r sm; wajzmif ;
ajzmif;wD;vsuf tm;ay;vdkuf
MuonfrSm nHrpJ/
b,ftcsed rf mS jyefajymajym?
b,folYudk jyefajymajym? b,f
ae&mrSm jyefajymjym onft
aMumif;udk Mum;olwikd ;f u acgif;
wqwfqwfndwfum q&mBu;D
udk MunfnKo
d mG ;MuNrjJ zpfygonf/
olwpfyg;&JUtcsed u
f kd wefz;kd xm;

ay;vdkufjcif;jzihf oGufvufjref
qefoGm;aom tcrf;tem;udk
Munhu
f m vlwikd ;f u q&mBu;D udk
om"kac:Muygonf/
usufoa&&Sdum acwfESihf
avsmn
f aD om b0aexdik rf I [ef
yef (Life Style) qdo
k nfrmS 'grsK;d
udk ac:w,f xifyg&JU/
(oHk;)
pifay: ae&m,lum vl
aygif;rsm;pGm\ tcsdefudk jzKef;
wD;ypfaeaom vlwdkY&Sdwwfyg
onf/

cyf okwo
f w
k v
f rf;avQmuf&if; ajzoGm;Muwmu tpnf;ta0;
oGm;rvdkYwJh? wpfa,mufu reufcif; tpnf;ta0;wpfck&Sd&m
u jyefvmNyD; aeYv,fcif;rSm aemuftpnf;ta0;wpfck? nae
cif;rSm aemuftpnf;ta0;wpfck xyf&Sdaeao;vdkYwJh/ vlwcsKdU
udkvSrf;Munhfawmh xl;xl;qef;qef; vlwpfjcrf;yJhBuD;awGjzpf
vdkY ae&SmowJh/ ar;Munhfawmh xdkvlwpfjcrf;BuD;rsm;u tpnf;
ta0;wpfck oGm;wufMurvdkYwJh/ aemufxyfwpfjcrf;u b,f
a&mufaeovJar;awmh wjcm;tpnf;ta0;wpfck&Sd&mudk cJGydkY
xm;&avowJh/
pmwrf;zwfyJGwpfck q&mBuD;
udk obmywdrdefYcGef;ajymay;zdkY
zdwfMum;vdkufaomtcg q&m
BuD;u wdkufyHkawGbmawGESihf
oyfoyf&yf&yf0wfpm;umpum;
ajymcGu&f &dS mqDoYdk avQmufvm
ygonf/ NyD;awmh obmywd rdefY
cGef;ajymygonf/ ESpfvHk;wnf;/
r*FvmygwdkY pum;ajymcGihf&vdkY
aus;Zl;wifygw,fvYkd bmrSryg/
pawmh .... wJh/
twdkqHk;aom obmywd
rdefYcGef;/ [kwfygonf/ pawmh

wwfvdkufwm... wJh/
[k w f y gonf / vl B uD ; vl
aumif;wdkYum; udk,fhtcsdefudk
ukd,ftusKd;&Sd&Sd toHk;cswwf
ouJhodkY olwpfyg;\ tcsdefudk
vnf; taMumif;rJhoufouf
t&nfr& tzwfr& jzKe;f wD;ypf
zdkYudk tm;emwwfMuygonf/
aemuf w G i f quf u sif ; y
rnhf tcrf;tem;urS wu,hf
tcrf ; tem;jzpf & m ol Y t ae
ESihf bmwpfcGef;rS tydkajymum
tcsed rf jzKe;f vdb
k J pawmh [k cGihf


abmvHk;yJGtzGifh rdefYcGef;
uav; csD;jrihfckdif;&m ESpfem&D
avmuf a jymaeojzih f arS m if
oGm;aomaMumifh abmvHk;yJGudk
aemuf w pf a eY o d k Y a&T U vd k u f &
aom tjzpf &Scd zhJ ;l ygonf/ a[m
ajymyJG tzGihftrSmpum;av;
ajymckdif;&m wpfem&DESihfvnf;
r qif;? ESpfem&DESihfvnf; rqif;
ojzihf ]&yfygawmhq&m} [lonhf
pm&Guftwdkuav;udk a&cGuf
ESihftwl wufay;NyD; awmif;yef
cJh&aom tjzpf &SdcJhzl;ygonf/

pma&;q&mESpfOD; a[mrnhfyJG
a'ocH ig;a,mufavmufu
rdwfqufpum;? tzGifhpum;?
aus;Zl;wifpum; pm&if;&Sif;
wrf; pum;awG wufajymae
onhftjzpf &SdcJhzl;ygonf/ t
pnf ; ta0; cef ; rBuD ; xJ ig;
rdepfajymvQif&rnhf taMumif;
t&mudk ESpef m&Davmuf ajymae
ojzihf em;axmifo&l m*Pef;wdYk
\ em&Daygif;rsm;pGmudk jzKef;wD;
ypfaeonhftjzpfvnf; &SdcJhzl;yg
onf/
k&u
S Asmq&m rm,maumhzf
puD;u taMumif;rJh tcsdefjzKef;
onhf tpnf;ta0;rsm;udk &GH&Sm
pufqyk u
f m b,fawmhrStpnf;
ta0;rvkyfawmhygbl;qdkonhf
tpnf;ta0;vkyf&avrwJh/
tck... Munhf/
q&mBuD; a'gufwmoef;
xGef;u obmywdtzGifhtrSm
pum;ajymcJhyHk/ pawmh wJh/ uRef
awmfolYvdk ajymwwfcsifvdkuf
wm/ vlawGudkvnf; olYvdk ajym
aphcsifvdkufwm/ p awmh...
qdw
k hJ pum;uav; ESpv
f ;kH wnf;
eJY udk,hfEIwfudk udk,fb&dwfzrf;
EdkifvdkufwJhtwGuf wpfa,muf
csif;qDu ydkxGufvmwJhtcsdef
awG[m b,favmufwefzdk;&Sd
vdu
k af vrvJ/ tcsed u
f kd vk,uf
um kef;uefaeMu&wJholawG
twGuf b,favmuftvkyjf zpf
vdkufavrvJ/
pawmh ... qdkwJh b0
aeenf;[efyefeJYtwl olwpf
yg;tcsd e f a wG u d k tEk M urf ; pD ;
xm;rdwJh tvkyfrsKd;awG rvkyfrd
&avatmif tckqkd tck pvdu
k f
Mu&atmifvm;/
/

32

Opinion

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

haom 2011 ckESpf 'DZif


vGef cJbmvrS
m uRefr\ rdcif

t,f'DwmcsKyf aomif;pkNidrf;

trIaqmift,f'Dwm tm;rmef? Nidrf;Nidrf;Ekdif

pmrsufESmzGJUpnf;rIESifh apmpnfolrdk;
'DZdkif;t,f'Dwm


owif;t,f'Dwm at;jrausmf? oD[?
aevif;atmif? ar0if;rGef

bmomjyef &Jrif;? ausmfrsKd;OD;

pmjyift,f'Dwm csrf;Nidrf;

owif;axmufcsKyf atmifol&

'k-owif;axmufcsKyf aevif;xGef;? jynfodrf;?


AdkvfAdkvf0if;
tBuD;wef;owif;axmuf


tdjzLrGef? tdjzLvGif? odrfhodrfhpdk;?


,kZeudkudk? 0wf&nfatmif?
Oumudkudk? jrwfpkrGef? at;olpH?
oef;aX;? oef;xl;


owif;axmufrsm;


at;jrwfol? cdkifxGef;?
atmifcdkif? &efrsdK;Edkif?
rdk;ndK? rif;[def;ausmf?
MuLMuL[ef? cdkifcsdKEG,f

ti,fwef;owif;axmuf cefYxuf? ckdifckdifpdk;? aqGrGef?


&Jaemif? atmifopfvGif? ZJGPf
"mwfyHkowif;axmuf a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)
xufydkifNzdK;(Z0e)? ausmfZifoef;

rEav;owif;axmuf pdkif;omatmif? nDnDaZmf?


armifwm

e,fowif;axmuf rsdK;rif;OD;? apm&efEkdif?
qef;GefY(a&eHacsmif;)?
armifuH

'DZdkifem

vufaxmuf'DZdkifem

uGefysLwmpmpD

cspfAkdvfAkdvf? &Sdef;&Sdef;xdkuf
EG,frGefNzdK;
pef;pef;? aZmf0if;atmif?
,OfrsKd;ydkif


okyfazmf

jyifyqufoG,fa&;

vkd*dk'DZdkif;

b@ma&;

pkd;aomfwm
oufydkifa|;
ausmufqnf
uvsmatmif? oJodrfhodrfhNzdK;?
NzdK;olZmatmif

aMumfjimwm0efcH
xkwfa0ol
yHkESdyfpuf
zvif
apmifa&
a&mif;aps;

rdk;yy? vif;vif;OD;? ESif;a0a0


OD;rsdK;vdIifatmif
ok0Pod*yHkESdyfwdkuf

Sunn Colour Separation

35000
450 usyf

- Diamond Centre (G-12)


ajrnDxyf? wdkuf (B)? trSwf(497)? jynfvrf;? (8)&yfuGuf?
urm&GwfNrdKYe,f? &efukefNrdKY/
zkef;- 512887? 513515~519? 09 73224541/
zufpf - 513519
7Day News *sme,fwkduf

Website : www.7daynewsjournal.com
E-mail : editor@7daynewsjournal.com

Hotline : 0973032006

touf 92 ESprf mS qH;k yg;cJo


h nf/
tarqHk;csdefwGif tarhrSm
om;orD;ajcmufa,muf? ajr;
q,fa,mufEiS fh jrpfwpfa,muf
&Sdonf/ taryif touf 90
ausmfNyDjzpf toufESpfq,f
rSm tdrfaxmifjyKcJhaom tarh
om;? orD;awGu toufajcmuf
q,fausmf? ckepfq,f &SdMuav
NyD/ om;ti,fqHk;yif touf
ig;q,feD;yg;&SdacsNyD/
tarhom;? orD;awGxJrSm
tdrfaxmifusol oHk;a,muf?
tdrfaxmifrusaom tysdKBuD;?
vlysdKBuD;awGu oHk;a,muf?
om;orD;awGxJrSm pD;yGm;a&;t
awmftwef tqifajyolvnf;
&Sd\/ rajyolvnf;&Sd\/ trsm;
tm;jzihf yifpifpm;awGjzpfukef
MuNyD/ &&Sdaom yifpifvpmjzihf
rdciftwGuf usef;rma&;p&dwf?
tm[m&p&dwfpuwkdYudk rjznfh
qnf;Ekdifawmh/
touf 88 ESpft&G,frSm
taravjzwfa0'emcHpm;&csed f
tpmrpm;Ekdifawmh/ ESmacgif;
yku
d rf S tpmtm[m&udk av;em
&DwpfBudrfjcm; xnhfay;&onf/
aemufydkif;rSm ESpfem&DwpfBudrf
xnfah y;&onf/ tnpftaMu;
ok w f o if o ef Y & S i f ; ud p r sm;t
wGufvnf; avQmf&? zGyf&? oefY
pif&ESihf tvkyfwm0efawGu
vnf; rsm;vSonf/ tm;vHk;ajr;
rav;awG vkyfMuonf/ tar
\ aemufqHk;tcsdefrsm;rSmqkd
vQif taru MuuftdyfMuufEkd;
jzpfvm nOD;*sLwDwpfpk? n
aESmif;*sLwDwpfpkcGJ *sLwDcs
apmihfa&Smuf&onf/
okdYyif oufBuD;&G,ftkd
udk jyKpk&onfrSm vG,fvSonf
r[kwf/ wm0efBuD;onf/
odkYaomf tar uHaumif;
onf[k xifygonf/ tarhrSm
om;orD;rsm;rsm;? ajr;rsm;rsm;&Sd
wm0efukd,fpD cGJa0,lojzifh
tqifajy\/ rNidKrjiifapmihf
a&Smufay;Ekdif\/
wkwfjynfrSm EkdifiHay:v
pDt& vlOD;a&xdef;csKyfa&; pDrH
udef;aMumifh tdrfaxmifzuf
wpfpHkvQif om;orD;wpfOD;om
arG;zGm;&rnf[k owfrSwfcsuf
&Scd o
hJ nfrmS MumcJNh y/D wkwjf ynf
pD;yGm;a&; wdk;wufrIESihftwl
wpfOD;wnf;aom om;orD; w
kwfawG tvkyfrsm;NyD; rdtdkztdk
rsm;udk oGm;rMunfhEkdif? rMunhf
Mu? rapmihfa&SmufMujzpfvm
rdtdkztdkwkdYudk rMunfhI rapmihf
a&Smufol om;orD;rsm;udk w
&m;pGrJ nf[yk if uefo
Y wfvu
dk &f
onf[kqkdonf/
wpfOD;wpfa,mufwnf;

aom om;orD;[lonfuvnf;
i,fpOfuyif rdbuvnf; tvdk
vku
d f tBuKd uaf qmifcMhJ uonf/
olwpfOD;wnf; tcGihfta&;rSef
orQ&cJhMu rQa0pm;&onfudk
rodwwf/ wm0efcaJG 0&onfudk
em;rvnf/ Mumavaomf tw
BuD;vm\/ tm;vHk;udkrqkdvkd/

enf;ojzihf rdtdkztdkudk jyKpkvkyf


auR;&onfudk wm0efr,lEkdif
onfh owif;rsdK;vnf; &Sdae\/
jrefrmjynfrmS omoemh0ef
xrf; &[ef;awmfrsm;ESihf oDv
&Sifrsm;uvnf; tdrfaxmifrjyK?
dk;dk;vlawGuvnf; ynmwwf
vmonfEiS t
fh rQ tdraf xmifv;kH

rdb? om;orD;

ajr;ESihf jrpf
r,faiGO

trsm;tm;jzihfum; xkdodkYjzpf
oGm;wwfMuonfursm;\/ odkY
jzihf wkwfoufBuD;&G,ftkdrsm;
txD;useb
f 0 &ifqikd af e&onf
[kq\
dk / rnfrQyifyef;qif;&JMu
avrnfenf;/
*syefEkdifiHrSmawmh uav;
arG;zGm;EIef;avsmhusvmonf/
vli,fawGu tdraf xmifrjyKbJ
aeol vlysdKBuD;? tysdKBuD;awG
vnf; rsm;vmonf[kqdk\/
tdrfaxmifjyKaomfvnf; om;
orD;udk wpfa,mufp? ESpf
a,mufpom ,lMuonf/ wkdif;
jynf\pD;yGm;a&; zlvHkrIESifhtwl
use;f rma&;0efaqmifru
I vnf;
jrihfwufaumif;rGefvmojzihf
vlawGu toufydk&SnfvmMu
onf/ xkdtcg tvkyfvkyfEkdifol
vli,fO;D a&u enf;vmNy;D ouf
BuD;&G,ftkd jyKpkapmihfa&Smufa&;
onfvnf; wkdif;jynf\ 0efxkyf
0efy;kd wpfck jzpfvmonf[k Mum;
od&jyefonf/
txufygtajctaerSm
pD;yGm;a&;wdk;wufNyD; EdkifiHrsm;rS
vlaerIb0jyem/ jrefrmjynf
um; qif;&JaomEkdifiHjzpfonf/
csrf;omjcif;aMumihf jyem&Sd
ovkd qif;&Jjcif;rSmvnf; jy
em&Sdonf/ om;orD;rsm; 0ifaiG

0rjyKjcif;bJaejcif;? tdrfaxmif
jyKaomfvnf; om;orD;rsm;rsm;
r,lMujcif;rsm; &Sdvmonf/ t
qdk;qHk;u NrdKUjyynmwwfrdom;
pkrsm;jzpfonf/ om;orD;OD;a&
wpfa,mufrQESihf auseyfa&mifh
&JvmMuonf/ vHk;0r,lolrsm;
yif &Sv
d m\/ acwfuvnf; om;
orD;OD;a&udk uefYowfEkdifaom
enf;vrf;rsm; enf;vrf;pHk&Sdvm
onfr[kwfvm;/ tvGefqif;&J
aom rdom;pkrsm;rSmom om;o
rD;enf;atmif uefYowfenf;r
&/ rod&Sdom rsm;rsm;arG;Mu?
,lMuawmhonf/
urmhvlOD;a&um; oef;
ajcmufaxmifausmfaeNyD/ vlOD;
a&wpf[kefxdk; tuefYtowf
r&Sd wdk;aeonfh wkdif;jynfawG
vnf;&S\
d / Oyrm-b*Fvm;a'h&?fS
b*Fvm;a'h&v
fS dk Ekid if t
H us,t
f
0ef;ESihf EIdif;,SOfvQif vlOD;a&
wdk;vGef;rsm;vGef;onfuvnf;
aemufqufwGJ tusdK;qufawG
&SEd idk o
f nf/ uk,
d 0fh efu,
kd f rxrf;
EkdifvQif [dkwkd;onfwdk;? [kd0if
onf0if jzpfukefrnf/
,cktcg jrefrmjynfonf
vlOD;a& oef; 60 cefYom &Sdao;
onf/ udk,fhwkdif;ukd,fjynf t
ajctaeESihf ukd,fwGufqvQif

pD;yGm;a&;omaumif;rGev
f Qif vl
OD;a&jyemu odyfrBuD;ao;
[k ,lqonf/ vlaexlxyfrsm;
jym;aom tdrfeD;csif;wkdif;jynf
rsm;ESihf EIdif;,SOfvQif vlOD;a&wdk;
jcif;udk txku
d t
f avsmuf vuf
cHEkdifao;onf/ vGwfvyfa&;r
&rDu vlOD;a& 14 oef;0ef;usif
rQom &Sdojzihf tdrfeD;csif; wkdif;
jynfrsm;ESihf EIdif;,SOf EkdifiHudk
umuG,fEkdifaom trsdK;aumif;
om;orD;awG rsm;rsm;arG;zGm;Mu
&ef AkdvfcsKyfatmifqef; wkduf
wGef;zl;onf/
,cktcg rdom;pkwpfckrSm
om;orD;OD;a& rnfa&GUrnfrQ&
,l arG;zGm;oihfoenf;qkdonfh
acgif;pOfonf pOf;pm;awG;awm
csed q
f pDraH qmif&u
G &f rnfrmS
urmhEkdifiHwkdif;\ wm0efwpfck
jzpfvmaeNy/D acgif;pOfukd pOf;
pm;vQif EkdifiHwpfckcsif;tvkduf
rdrw
d rYkd mS e*drk v
l &So
d nfv
h Ol ;D a&?
EkdifiHtus,ft0ef;? tdrfeD;csif;
wkdif;jynfrsm;\ vlOD;a&tcsdK;
tpm;? pkdufysdK;Ekdifaom ajr,m
yrmP? ,Ofaus;rI? ynma&;?
use;f rma&;0efaqmifrrI sm; rnf
a&GUrnfrQ&&SEd idk o
f nfh tcsurf sm;
pGmtay: tzufzufu csdefq
Mu&rnf[k xifrdonf/

vuf&Sd jrefrmjynf\
pD;yGm;a&;t&rl uav;wpf
a,mufukd vlvm;ajrmufatmif
wm0ef,&l onfuykd if cufcyJ if
yef;vSonf[k nnf;wGm;vmol
awG ydkrsm;vmonf/
uRefrwdkY i,fpOfu [if;
&Guf[if;oD;a&mif;csaom aps;
onftrsdK;orD;wpfa,muf rD;
zGm;&ef &efukefrSmqkdvQif oHk;bD;
um;com vkdtyfonf/ arG;zGm;
csdefeD;NyDqkdrS oHk;bD;um;wpfpD;
Xm; A[dktrsdK;orD;aq;HkodkY
oGm;vQif tcrJah rG;zGm;Ekid o
f nf/
,ckacwfrmS awmh tcrJq
h adk omf
vnf; vlem&Sifu aq;zkd;? aoG;
ppfc ponfwdkYtwGuf tenf;
qH;k awmh wm0ef,&l onf/ aus;
vufrSmrl ,cifuvpmaiGESihf
vHkavmufMuojzihf om;zGm;q
&mrrsm;u *kpkduf tcrJharG;
zGm;ay;Muonf/ aemufykdif;rSm
rl txdkuftavsmuf uefawmh
aiGqkdwmrsdK;&Sdvmonf/
uav;wpfa,muf arG;Ny;D
zGm;NyD; t&G,fa&muf ynm
oifMurnfqkdMuygawmh/ xkdt
cg om;orD;rsm; ynmwwfa&;
vnf; tvm;wlyif/ rdbrsm;t
wGuf cufcJvmonf/ pmoif
ausmif;rsm;rS ynmukd wwf
atmifroifMuawmhojzihf usL
&Sif? BuD;Muyfol (*dkuf)pepfay:
vmonf/ jyifyabmf'gausmif;
pepfay:vmonf/
pmrsufESm(18)odkY

Vol.11,
Vol.9, No.48
No.29 February
October 77, 2010
, 2013

[Hom0wDavqdyfpDrHudef; &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrItwGuf
jynfyrS emrnfBuD;ukrPDrsm; pdwf0ifpm;
tdjzLvGif
&efukef? azazmf0g&D-2
[Hom0wD tjynfjynfqkdif&m
avqdyf wnfaqmufa&;pDrH
ude;f udk emrnfBu;D jynfyukrP
D
rsm; &if;ESD;jrKyfESH&ef pdwf0ifpm;
aeaMumif; avaMumif;ydaYk qmif
a&; TefMum;rIOD;pD;Xme Tef
Mum;a&;rSL;csKyf OD;wifEkdifxGef;
u ajymMum;vkdufonf/
*smreDEkdifiH&Sd jrL;epfav
qdyf? pifumylcsef*Davqdyf? jyif
opfEkdifiH AifpDavqdyf? awmif
ud&k ;D ,m;Ekid if H tifcRe;f avqdy?f
*syefEidk if H [eD'g avqdyrf sm; udk
wm0ef,laqmif&Gufaeonfh

uk r P D B uD ; rsm;u [H o m0wD
avqdyf wnfaqmufa&;udk yg
0ifvkyfudkif&ef tBudKt&nft
csif; ppfavQmufvTmrsm; wifjy
xm;aMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
[H o m0wD a vqd y f pD r H
udef;twGuf avQmufvTmrsm;
ac:,l&mwGif ,ckuJhodkY emrnf
BuD; jynfyukrPDrsm; yg0ifvm
jrefrmEkdifiHtaejzifh tvGef
uH a umif ; onf [ k OD ; wif E k d i f
xGef;u qkdonf/
]]'Dvdk tcGifhta&;rsKd; &zdkY
qdkwm tajctaersKd;pkHeJY qkdif
ygw,f/ EkdifiHa&; tajctaeeJY
vnf;qkid w
f ,f/uReaf wmfwpYkd Ny;D

ac:wJt
h csed rf mS Ekid if &H UJ taet
xm;t& &if;ESD;jrKyfESHcsifwJhol
awG t&rf;rsm;w,f}} [kif;u
qufvufajymMum;onf/
[Hom0wD avqdyf wnf
aqmuf a &;twG u f tBud K t
&nftcsif;ppf (P.Q ) avQmuf
vTmrsm; ac:,l&mwGif ukrPD
30 uavQmufxm;cJhNyD; tBudK
t&nf t csif ; ppf atmif j rif
onfhukrPD ckepfckwGifvnf;
xdk uJo
h Ykd ukrP
BD u;D rsm; yg0ifae
jcif;jzpfonf/
tBud K t&nf t csif ; ppf
atmifjrifxm;onfh ukrP
rD sm;
twGuf wif'gavQmufvTmrsm;

udk,ckv8&ufwiG fpwifa&mif;
csay;rnfjzpfNyD; {NyD 25 &uf
wGif ukrPDrsm;u tmrcHaMu;
a':vmig;oef ; rS q,f o ef ;
cefYESifhtwl wif'gavQmufvTm
rsm; jyefvnfwifoGif;&rnfjzpf
onf/
wif'gac:,lonfh pnf;
urf;wGif ukrPDtpktzJGUrsm;
jzifhaqmif&Gufonfh Consortium vkyi
f ef;rsm; jzpf&rnf[
l
omyg&SdNyD; jrefrmvkyfief;&Sifyg
0ifonfhukrP
w
D pfcv
k nf;tBuKd
t&nftcsi;f ppf atmifjrifxm;
onfh pm&if;wGif yg0ifaMumif;
od&onf/ pmrsufESm(34)odkY

*syefEkdifiHokdY qefwefcsdef
5000 ykdYrnf
jynfodrf;
&efukef?Zefe0g&D-30
*syefEkdifiHokdY jrefrmhqef wifydkY
a&mif ; cs&ef wef c sd e f 5000
wif'gatmifjrifNyD;jzpfaMumif;
jrefrmhv,f,mpD;yGm;a&; aumfydk
a&;&Sif;rS owif;&&Sdonf/
]]*syefu rpfql&DukrPDeJY
csdwfqufNyD; azazmf0g&DeJY rwf
vavmufrSm ydkYzkdY&Sdw,f/ aps;
EIef;uawmh tao;pdwfrod&
ao;bl;}}[k ,if;aumfyakd &;&Si;f
rS 'gdkufwm a'gufwmpdk;xGef;
uqkdonf/
*syefEkdifiHodkY wif'gpepf
jzifhqefwifydkY&ef 2012 'DZif

bmvv,fykdif;u *syefEkdifiHrS
pkdufysdK;a&;? opfawmESihf a&
vkyfief;0efBuD;XmerS TefMum;
a&;rSL;ESihf jrefrmEkdifiHqefpyg;
toif;csKyf Ou|wkdY aqG;aEG;
cJhonf/ jrefrmEkdifiHrS qif;oG,f
vwfESihf arSmfbD-2 trsdK;tpm;
qefrsm; wifydkYvdkNyD; *syefEkdif
iHbufrS t&nftaoG;ykdif;ESihf
ywfouf "mwkaA'aq;rsm;
ES i h f rd I a &m*guif ; &ef vd k t yf
aMumif; awmif;qkdxm;onf/
*syefEkdifiHtaejzihf ,cif
u jrefrmhqefukd pm;oHk;&ef 0,f
,ljcif;r&SdbJ rpfqlbD&SDukrPD
u tjcm;EkdifiHrsm;okdY wifydkY&ef

"mwfyHk - a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

om 0,f,rl rI sm; &Scd o


hJ nf/ *syef
EkdifiHonf jynfyrS ESpfpOfqef
wefcsed f 660000 udk wif'gac:
,l jynfwGif;okdY wifoGif;ae&
onf/
awmif u k d & D ; ,m;Ek d i f i H u
vnf; jrefrmhvHk;wD;qefwefcsdef

70000 udk ESpfpOfwifoGif;&ef


2013 Zefe0g&D 17 &ufwGif jref
rmhv,f,mpD;yGm;a&; aumfykd
a&;&Sif;ESihf aqG;aEG;cJhMuonf/
awmifukd&D;,m;EkdifiHuvnf;
ES p f p Of jynf y rS qef w ef c sd e f
390000 wifoGif;ae&onf/

jynfwGif;aiGvJEIef;
,lepf
0,f a&mif;
1 a':vm (tar&duef) 855
862
1 tufzftD;pD
855
862
1 a':vm (pifumyl)
688
700
1 ,ldk (Oa&myor*)
1160 1175
1 bwf (xdkif;)
29
29
1 ,Grf (wkwf)
137.47 137.47

usyf
usyf
usyf
usyf
usyf
usyf

2013 azazmf0g&D 2 &uf aygufaps;EIef;jzpfonf/

1 a':vm
0.6371
1 a':vm
0.7331
1 a':vm
92.75
1 a':vm
6.2273
1 a':vm
53.155
1 a':vm
1.2402
1 a':vm 1094.79
1 a':vm
3.105
1 a':vm
29.78
1 a':vm 9700.00
1 a':vm 20805.00
1 a':vm
40.60
1 a':vm
7.7559
1 a':vm
0.9608
1 a':vm
1.1829
1 a':vm
0.9961
1 a':vm
29.8575
1 a':vm
3.6726

ypnf;
,lepf

a&T
1 atmifp
a&eHpdrf;
pnf
aiG
1 atmifp
aMu;eD
aygif
obm0"mwfaiGU mmbtu

aygif
,ldk
,ef;
,Grf
lyD;
a':vm
0rf
&if;*pf
bwf
lyD;,m;
a'gif
yDqdk
a':vm
a':vm
a':vm
a':vm
lb,f
'g&rf

(NAdwdef)
(Oa&myor*)
(*syef)
(wkwf)
(tdEd,)
(pifumyl)
(udk&D;,m;)
(rav;&Sm;)
(xdkif;)
(tif'dkeD;&Sm;)
(AD,uferf)
(zdvpfydkif)
(a[mifaumif)
(MopaMw;vs)
(e,l;ZDvef)
(uae'g)
(k&Sm;)
(UAE)

aps;EIef;
(uefa':vm)
1667.40
116.62
31.79
377.55
3.30

2013 azazmf0g&D 2 &uf urmhaygufaps;EIef;jzpfonf/

34

Business

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

c&D;oGm;vkyfief;t&Sdefjrifhvmonfh yk*HanmifOD;&SdajruGufrsm; &efukefajraps; xuf0ufcefY&Sdvm


Nidrf;csrf;
&efukef?
azazmf0g&D -2
yk*HanmifOD;wGif ESpfaygif;(20)
twG i f ; ur m vS n f h c &D ; oG m ;
rsm;pHcsdefwif 0ifa&mufvmNyD;
pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;u ajr
uGufvkduf0,faejcif;aMumifh
&ef u k e f N rKd U ajraps;\xuf
0ufcefY&SdvmaMumif; owif;
&&Sdonf/
ajrwpfuu
G v
f Qifusyo
f ed ;f
aygif ; wpf a omif ; ausmf t xd
0,f,lrIrsm;&SdaeaMumif; yk*H

anmif O D ; td r f N cH a jrtusKd ;
aqmifrsm;u ajymonf/
]]yk * H N rKd U opf r S m ay 150
ywfvnfukdodef; 12000ay;
oGm;w,ftckykH*HanmifOD;rSm
ajruG u f a wG awmf a wmf u d k
t0,fvu
dk af ew,f}}[k a'ocH
tdrNf caH jrtusK;d aqmif udak rmif
aumif;u aNymonf/
&efuek Nf rKUd &Sd A[ef;NrKUd e,f ?
Adv
k w
f axmifNrKd Ue,ftp&So
d nfh
tcsuftcsmusaomae&mrsm;
wGif ay 150 0ef;usif;ywfvnf
ajruGuf wpfuu
G v
f Qiu
f syo
f ed ;f

ES p f a omif ; ausmf 0ef ; usif & S d


aMumif; r@KdiftdrfNcHajrtusKd;
aqmifrS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;u
ajymonf/
yk * H N rKd U opf & S d pnf o l p m;
aomufqkdifab;&Sd ay 60_80
usyfodef; 6500 wefajruGuf
wpfuGufudk pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;
&Siw
f pfO;D u 0,f,Nl y;D usyo
f ed ;f
18000 jzifh jyefvnfa&mif;cs
cJhaMumif;4if;uqufvufajym
onf/
,Ofaus;rItarGtESprf sm;
&Sd&m yk*HanmifOD;a'owGif c&D;

oGm;rsm;aeYpOf 1000 0ef;usif


vma&muf a eaomaMumif h
pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&SifBuD;rsm;u
yk*Ha'ookdY vkyfief;rsm;vm
a&mufvkyfukdifvsuf&SdaMumif;
a'ocHrsm;uqkdonf/
yk*HanmifOD; {&m0wDjrpf
ab;wpfavQmuf&dS ajruGurf sm;
rSm a&mif;&efr&SdawmhbJ 0,f,l
vko
d o
l m&Sad eaMumif; yk*aH nmif
OD ; td r f N cH a jrtusKd ; aqmif
a':tkef;cifuajymonf/
]]jrpfurf;ab;rSm [kdw,f
ig;vkH;yJ&Sdw,f/jrpfurf;ab;[kd

w,fawG?pm;aomufqkdifawG
u ykdNyD;{nfhonfvmw,f}}[k
yk*H[dkw,frS wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;
uajymonf/
anmifO;D NrKUd jrpfurf;ab; &Sd
dk t
f eD;
The Beach pm;aomufqi

&SdajruGufwpfuGufvQifusyf
odef; 8000 txd&Sdonf/
yk*HNrKdUopf&Sd tcsuftcsm
usaomae&mrsm;wGif usyo
f ed ;f
10000 0ef;usif&SdaMumif; ukd
armifaumif;u ajymonf/

[dkw,ftcsdKU\ tcef;BudKwifrSm,lrI pepfrsm;aMumihf


c&D;oGm;vkyfief;i,frsm; tcufawGU
cdkifcsdK
&efukef?Zefe0g&D-30
[kdw,ftcsdKU\ tcef;BudKwif
rSm,lrI pepfrsm;? BudKwifaiGay;
acsrI pepfrsm; ajymif;vJjcif;
aMumihf c&D;oGm;vkyfief;&Sift
csdKUESihf [dkw,ftcsdKUMum; rajy
vnfrIrsm; jzpfay:aeonf[k
owif;&&Sdonf/
[kdw,ftcsdKU\ ukd,fykdifrl
0g'rsm;aMumifh wkid ;f &if;om;ykid f
ti,fpm;c&D;oGm;vkyfief;&Sif
trsm;pkrSm tHI;ay:rnfhtajc
taeESihf &ifqkdifae&aMumif;
vkyfief;&SiftcsdKUxHrS owif;&
&Sdonf/
]][dw
k ,ftcef; bGwcf u
f if
(BudKwifrmS ,lr)I wif&if Deposit (BudKwifay;acsjcif;)ukd csuf
csif; 'grSr[kwf&if &uftenf;
i,ftwGif; ay;acsrS tcef;ay;
w,f/ usew
f ahJ iGuv
kd nf; tjref
qHk;ay;acs&w,f/ a&SUvawG
twGuf BudKwifbGwfcfuifukd
vnf; vufrcHbl;}}[k Nature
Dream Travels & Tours
Co., Ltd rS refae*sif;'gdkufwm
a':pHy,fatmifu ajymonf/
if;uyif qufvuf [kd
w,frsm;\ uk,
kd yf idk rf 0l g'rsm;rSm
tmqD,HEkdifiHrsm;&Sd [dkw,fESihf
c&D;oGm;vkyif ef;rsm; csKyq
f adk om
pmcsKyfygrl0g'rsm;ESihf EdIif;,SOf
ygu vGefpGmuGJvGJaeonf[kqdk
onf/
c&D;oGm;vkyif ef;&Sirf sm; ,
ck&ifqkdifae&aom tajctae
rSm &uf 60? &uf 90? 45 &uf
tvdk bGwfcfuifzsufodrf;rIt
wGuf Cancellation Fees
aumufcHjcif;? bGwfcfuifwif
&mwGif tcef;wkd;wifyguvuf
cHNyD; tcef;avQmhygu Cancel
awmif;jcif;? vmrnfh c&D;oGm;
&moDtwGuf pmcsKyrf sm; awmif;
cHr&jcif;wdkY jzpfay:aeonf

[k if;wkdYxHrS od&onf/
]][kw
d ,fawGbufubGwcf f
uifwif&if tcef;ray;Ekdifwm
&Sdovdk Canellation eJY ywf
ouf&if trSm;rcHEkdifawmhbl;/
tcef;ukd vkdcsifwJholu&Sdw,f/
olwu
Ykd bGwcf u
f ifvyk Nf y;D rvm
jzpfb;l / tJ'v
D q
dk dk [kw
d ,fawGt
aeeJY wtm;epfemw,f/ tck
jzpfaewJhjyemrSm ESpfzufp
vHk;u ukd,hftwGufukd,fMunfh
MuvkdYyJ}}[k awmifBuD; [dkw,f
ZkefrS twGif;a&;rSL; OD;atmif
ausmfrdk;u ajymonf/
if;uyif qufvuf c&D;
oGm;vkyif ef;rsm;ESifh [dw
k ,frsm;
pmcsKyfcsKyf&mwGif em;vnfrI,l
NyD; csKyq
f &dk ef vkt
d yfaMumif;? 0ef
BuD;Xmetaejzihfvnf; rQwpGm
qHk;jzwfay;rnf[k arQmfvihf
aMumif;qdkonf/
]][kdw,fawG&JU rl0g'awG
u wpfckeJYwpfck rwlnDMubl;/
vkyif ef;wpfcw
k nf;u vltcsi;f
csi;f pdw&f n
S zf v
Ydk w
kd ,f/ wpfzuf
eJw
Y pfzuf rQwzdv
Yk nf; vkw
d ,f/
tckq&dk if {nfo
h nfu t&ifEpS f
uxuf 55 &mckdifEIef; ykdvm
w,f}}[k jrefrmEkdifiHc&D;oGm;
vkyif ef;&Sirf sm;toif;rS twGi;f
a&;rSL; OD;wifxGef;atmifu
ajymonf/
[k d w ,f E S i h f c &D ; oG m ;vm
a&;vkyfief;0efBuD;Xme jynf
axmifpk0efBuD;OD;aX;atmifu
[dkw,frsm;taejzihf tusdK;
pD;yGm;wpfckwnf;udkom rMunfh
apvkdaMumif;? txl;ojzifh 0ef
aqmifrIESihf &,lonfh tcef;c
rsm; oifhwifhrQw&efvkdtyf
aMumif; Zefe0g&D 22 &ufu t
vHjybk&m;vrf;&Sd ,kZe*g;'if;
[kdw,f [kdw,fvkyfief;&Sif
rsm;ESifh awGUqH&k mwGif ajymMum;
cJhonf/

pmrsufESm(33)rS

[Hom0wDavqdyfpDrHudef; &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrItwGuf
jynfyrS emrnfBuD;ukrPDrsm; pdwf0ifpm;
[Hom0wD tjynfjynfqidk f
&m avqdyfudk jrefrmEkdifiH\
t"du avqdyfBuD;tjzpf &nf
&G,fxm;NyD; vuf&SdwpfESpfvQif
c&D;onf okH;oef;0ifxGufae

onfh &efuek af vqdyx


f uf ud;k q
ydrk u
kd s,0f ef;onfh ajrae&may:
wGif wnfaqmufoGm;rnf jzpf
onf/

35

Commodity Watch

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

pD;yGm;ul;oef;rS tiSm;,mOfrsm; t&pfuspepfjzihf a&mif;rnf


at;jrwfol
&efukef? Zefe0g&D-30
pD;yGm;ul;oef; tiSm;,mOfvkyf
ief; zsufodrf;&ef tiSm;,mOft
pD;a& 200 ausmftm; t&pfus
pepfjzihf a&mif;csay;oGm;rnf
jzpf a Mumif ; pD ; yG m ;a&;ES i h f u l ;
oef;a&mif;0,fa&;0efBuD;Xme
rS t&m&SdwpfOD;uajymonf/
pD;yGm;ul;oef;0efBuD;Xme
&Sd 0efxrf;rdom;pkrsm; oufom
acsmifcsda&;tjzpf 1995 ckESpfrS
p Credic tiSm;,mOfrsm;
tm; iSm;&rf;vkyfukdifcGihfay;cJh
onf/ okdYaomf NyD;cJhonfh 2009
ckEpS rf pS 0efxrf;oufomtjzpf
arG;jrLa&;ESihf pkdufysdK;a&;vkyf
ief;rsm;omcGifhjyKonfhtwGuf
vuf&adS rmif;aeaom ,mOfarmif;
rsm;tm; a&mif;csay;&ef pDpOf
jcif;jzpfonf/
]]aps;EIef;owfrSwfwJhtcg
rSmvnf; um;toif;u vlawG
vnf;ygr,f/ wcsKdU tjynfhr
acsEkdifwJholukd t&pfus yHkpHeJY
a&mif;csay;zkdY&Sdygw,f/ a&mif;

vd&Yk wJah iGuv


dk nf; Ekid if aH wmfukd
b@maiGtjzpf oGif;ay;rSmyg}}
[k txufygyk*dKvfu ajym
onf/
pD;yGm;ul;oef; tiSm;,mOf
tpD;a& 235 pD;&SNd y;D ,mOfarmif;
200 ausmf armif;ESifvsuf&Sd&m
,cka&mif;csay;rnfh tpDtpOf
wG i f vuf & S d t rnf a yguf j zif h
armif;ESifaeaom ,mOfarmif;
rsm;ukd a&mif;csrnfjzpfonf/
tqdkyg Credic ,mOfrsm;tm;
umvaygufaps;jzihf owfrSwf
toufomqHk;aps;EIef;jzifh
a&mif;csrnfjzpfaMumif; owif;
&&Sdonf/
tqkdygum;rsm;rSm vuf&Sd
aps;uGufwGif ]]vlemrnfayguf
CNG tkd;yg um;awGqkd&if odef;
150 ywfvnfy&J w
dS ,f/ tu,f
vlemrnfayguf CNG ryg&if
usyfodef; 85? 100 avmufyJ&
r,f}} [k [Hom0wD um;yGJpm;
wef;rS tawGUtMuHK tESpf 20
ausmf&Sd yGJpm;OD;pdk;vGifu ajym
Mum;onf/

Samsung
Price

Model

Price

Galaxy Y
Galaxy GIO
Galaxy Ace
Galaxy Ace Plus
Galaxy Ace 2
Galaxy S Advance
Galaxy S2
Galaxy S3
Galaxy Note II
Galaxy Tab 7.1

93,000
123,500
150,000
185,000
220,000
268,000
352,000
445,000
530,000
285,000

iPhone 5 (64 GB)


iPhone 5 (32 GB)
iPhone 4S (64 GB)
iPhone 4S (32 GB)
iPhone 4S (16 GB)

850,000
740,000
605,000
585,000
554,000

YANGON MOBILE qdi


k rf S

aps;EIe;f rsm;jzpf

onf/

Sony
Model

Price

Xperia X8
Xperia Acrs
Xperia Go

110,000
238,000
186,000

Huawei
Model

Price

C 8800
C 8812
C 8810
T 8600
U 8818 D
C 8825 D
U 8836 D
U 8825 D
U 8950 D
Ascend P1

87,000
108,000
97,000
76,000
110,000
125,000
169,000
116,000
162,000
270,000

azazmf0g&D (2)&uf aps;EIef;rsm;jzpfNyD; aps;EIef;tajymif;tvJ&SdEdkifonf/

tDvufx&Gefepfypnf;rsm;aps;EIef;
trsKd;tpm;
Toshiba (LCD)

aps;EIef;(usyf)
215,000
230,000

Sony (LCD)

35BX

240,000

Sony (LED)

32EX33

290,000

DVK75

18,000

DVD-SR81220XDM2

25,000

HDMI

25,000

Samsung

RA20F17

155,000

Samsung

RT2ASHMG

220,000

190W

220,000

NR.BT224

220,000

Samsung

WA85V3

135,000

Samsung

WT8J

160,000

Chigo

1.0HP

180,000

Mitsubishi

1.0HP

230,000

Samsung

1.0HP

175,000

EVD(Sony)

ray;aomfvnf; ,ltyfonhft&m

armf',f
32SC4S

Panasonic(LCD)

pmrsufESm(26)rS

TV

32BX10T

EVD (AEK)

rsm;pGmtwGufu awG;&Jp&m
r&dS/
xdktaMumif;udk ,mOfwpf
pD;vHk;udk OD;aqmifarmif;ESifvm
onfh ,mOfarmif;ESio
f u
l &ifEiS hf
trQ od z d k Y v d k o nf / touf
aygif ; b0aygif ; rsm;pG m onf
olYvufckyftwGif;rSm&dSaMumif;
&ifxJOD;aESmufxJrSmpGJaezdkYvdk
onf/ c&D;pOftprSonf c&D;
pOftqH;k xd Bu;D rm;aom wm0ef
BuD;wpf&yfudk xrf;aqmifvm
aMumif; owdNrJzdkYvdkonf/ xdk
wm0efudk OD;xdyfyefqifvdkpdwf
vnf; &dSzdkYvdkavrnf/
rdrad &muf&aSd eaom t&yf
a'oESihfrdrdxrf;aqmifaeaom
tvk y f w d k Y ray;aomf v nf ;
rdrdbmom zefwD;,ltyfonfh
wm0efqdkonfrSm &dStyfonf/
xdkwm0efonf arwmw&m;?
apwemw&m; jrpfzsm;cHav
onf/

tu,fpifppfwGifawmh
,mOfarmif;onfh ae&mwGio
f m
r[kwf OD;wnf&m&nfrSef;csuf
wpf c k c k o d k Y OD ; wnf c sD w uf
avQmufvSrf;Muonfh vrf;c&D;
wGifvnf; OD;aqmifOD;&GufjyKol
onfomru yg0ifoltoD;oD;
wdkYuyg rdrdudk ESif;tyfvmonfh
wm0efr[kwfonfhwdkif c&D;pOf
wpfckvHk;tay: oefY&Sif;aom
arwmapwemwdkYom tajc
cHvsuf rdrdudk,fwdkif zefqif;,l
tyfonfh wm0ef wpf&yfudk OD;
vnfrokef xrf;&GuEf ikd Mf uygap
ukef....[k/
/

iPhone

Model

I-MAX

xdkowif;rsdK;udkzwf&onfh
tcg [kwfrS[kwfygav&JUvm;
r,HkMunfEdkif/ arwmw&m;? ap
wemw&m;awG ajcmufcef;ukef
MuNyDvm;/ wm0ef,lwwfrI qdk
onfukd odro
S Md uygawmh&UJ vm;
pdwfxJrSm eihfeifhcg;cg; cHpm;&
onf/
bmyJjzpfjzpf ,mOfrawmf
wqjzpfrIwpfckjzpfvmvQif xdk
armfawmf,Ofuakd rmif;ESio
f nfh
,Ofarmif;wGifawmh t"duwm
0eft&dSqHk;jzpfonf/

eD;eD;em;em; tdEd,EdkifiH
wGif 2006ckEpS rf S 2009 ckEpS t
f
wGif; ,mOfrawmfwqjzpfrI
aygif; 1911224 rIjzpfyGm;cJh
vsuf vlaygif; 362713 OD; t
oufqHk;IH;cJh&onf/

xdkjzpfpOfrsm;udk qef;ppf
onfhtcg ,mOfarmif;ol\ r
qifjcif rSm;,Gi;f rIaMumifh jzpfymG ;
&jcif;u 78 'or 5 &mcdkifEIef;
&dSavonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHESifh tdEd, ESpf
EdkifiH\ ,mOfrawmfwqjzpfrI
EIef;rsm;udk Munfh&Iavhvmonfh
tcg ,mOfarmif;\ tqifjcifrhJ
rI? rSm;,Gif;rIrsm;uom jyem
\ t"du&if;jrpfjzpfavonf/
pifppfrl armfawmf,Ofwpf
pD;ay:wGif pD;eif;vdkufygvmMu
onfh c&D;onfawGqdkonfu
,Ofarmif;ol wpfO;D wnf;\ t
ay:wGifom rdrdwdkY\ touf
cEmESihf b0rsm;udyk t
kH yfxm;Mu
&olawG jzpfonf/ ,mOfarmif;
wpfcsufwdrf;vQif b0aygif;

pm;aomufukefaps;EIef;rsm;

[ef;qufaps;EIef;rsm;

Hitachi
Panasonic

DVD

a&cJaowm

Washing
Aircon

txufygaps;EIef;rsm;rSm azazmf0g&D (2) &ufwGif r[mAEKvyef;NcHvrf;&Sd


Capital ESifh OK jrefrmqdkifwdkYrS aumuf,lxm;jcif;jzpfonf/

tdrfaqmufypnf;rsm;aps;EIef;
trsKd;trnf

a&wGufykH aps;EIef;

wpftdwf
4800
wpftdwf
4600
wpftdwf
4200
wpftdwf
4500
wpfvkH;
88
wpfvkH;
80
wpfvkH;
90
wpfvkH;
215
wpfusif; 11000
wpfusif;
6500
wpfusif; 40000
1 ay 500-550
1 ay
650
1 ay
850
1 ay
800
1 ay
900
1 ayEIef;
450
1 ayEIef;
455
1 ayEIef;
460
1 ay
300
1 ayEIef;
310
wpftdwf
1100

bdvyfajr (,dk;',m; qifwHqdyf)


bdvyfajr (,dk;',m; INSee)
bdvyfajr (jrif;acgif;wHqdyf)
bdvyfajr (ausmufql;wHqdyf)
tkwf (ukef;tkwf-yxrwef;pm;)
tkwf (ukef;tkwf-'kwd,wef;pm;)
tkwf (8 ayguftkwf) (txkdifaps;)
tkwf (10 ayguftkwf)(txkdifaps;)
oJ (tMurf;)
oJ (tEk)
ausmuf
umvmpwD;trkd;jym; 4 angle(0.3mm)
umvmpwD;trdk;jym; 4 angle(0.312mm)
umvmpwD;trdk;jym; 4 angle(0.36mm)
umvmpwD;trkd;jym; 4 angle(0.346mm)
umvmpwD;trdk;jym; 4 angle(0.4mm)
Posco Mu,fpdrf; (6/7/8 ay)
Posco Mu,fpdrf; (9/10 ay)
Posco Mu,fpdrf; (11/12 ay)
dk;dk;oGyfrdk;jym;(ae&Sife,f 9/10 ay)
dk;dk;oGyfrdk;jym;(ae&Sife,f 11/12 ay)
xkH;(8 ydmtdwf)

txufygaps;EIef;rsm;rSm azazmf0g&D(2)&ufwGif aumuf,lxm;aom aps;EIef;


rsm;jzpfNyD; ajymif;vJrItenf;i,f&SdEdkifonf/

trsKd;tpm;

a&wGufykH

aps;EIef;(usyf)

wpfjynf
wpfjynf
wpfjynf
wpfydm
wpfydm
wpfydm
wpfxkyf
wpfydm
wpfydm
wpfydm
wpfydm
wpfydm
wpfbl;
wpfbl;
wpfvkH;
wpfydm
wpfydm
wpfydm
wpfydm
wpfydm
1 aowm
1 xkyf
1 ydm

800-1700
1000-1300
600-800
3600
1500
4100
100
500-800
1300-2500
1100-1200
1300
800
500-750
600-700
90-110
1300
5000
8000
7000
5000
6000
300
5000

qef(ay:qef;arT;)
qef(awmifysH)
qef(ZD,m)
qD(yJqD&S,f)
qD(pm;tkef;qD)
qD(&efukefyJqD)
qm;(tkdiftdk'if;)
MuufoGefeD
MuufoGefjzL
oMum;
refusnf;rSnfh(taphvGwf)
tmvl;
EdkYqD
EdkYpdrf;
MuufO^bJO
ukvm;yJjcrf;
Muufom;(arG;jrLa&;)
Muufom;(Arm)
0ufom;
trJom;
c&rf;csOfoD; (xdkif0rfoD;)
a*:zDxkyf
ikwfoD;(tyk)

ig;? ykpGefaps;EIef;rsm;
trsKd;trnf

a&wGufykH

aps;EIef;(usyf)

ig;jrpfcsif;
ig;Muif;
ig;oavmuf
ig;z,f
ykpGefabmhcsdwf
ykpGefajymifwkyfBuD;
wDvm;AD;,m;

1 ydm
1 ydm
1 ydm
1 ydm
1 ydm
1 ydm
1 ydm

1300-2300
2400-3500
3500-3600
2000-2700
3000-4000
12000-26000
1600-2000

azazmf0g&D(2)&ufu MunhfjrifwdkifA[kdpHjyig;aps;BuD;rS aumuf,lxm;aom


vufum;aps;EIef;rsm;jzpfonf/

yk*vdupufokH;qDaps;EIef;rsm;
aeYpGJ

"mwfqD 'DZ,f

Octane

Premier

1 Litre

1 Litre

1 Litre

1 Litre

Jan(27)

815

860

870

880

Jan(28)

815

860

870

880

Jan(29)

815

860

870

880

Jan(30)

815

860

870

880

Jan(31)

815

860

870

880

Feb(1)

815

860

870

880

Feb(2)

816

860

870

880

yk*vdupufokH;qDqdkifrsm;rS
tenf;i,f &SdEdkifonf/

aps;EIef;rsm;jzpfygonf/

aps;EIef;ajymif;vJrI

Note Book
Dell
Intel Core i5 2.5 GHz, 4GB DDR3, 500GB HDD, HD, 15.6"

498,000

Intel Core i3 2.2 GHz, 2GB DDR3, 500GB HDD, HD, 15.6"

395,000

Intel Core i5 2.3 GHz, 6GB DDR3, 640GB HDD, HD, 15.6"

854,000

Intel Core i7 2.7 GHz, 4GB DDR3, 500GB HDD, HD, 14"

699,000

HP
Intel Core i5 2.5 GHz, 8GB DDR3, 750GB HDD, HD, 15.6"

605,000

IntelCore i5 2.4GHz,6GB DDR3,500GB HDD,1GB VGA,14.5" 720,000


Intel Core i5 2.5 GHz, 8GB DDR3, 750GB HDD, HD, 14"

678,000

Intel Core i7 2.4 GHz, 8GB DDR3, 1TB HDD, 15.6"

996,000

Asus
Intel Core i5 1.6 GHz, 4GB DDR3, 128GB SSD, 13.3"
Intel Bridge i7 2.4 GHz, 8GB DDR3, 1TB HDD, 15.6"

839,000
1,047,000

Intel Core i3 2.4 GHz, 4GB DDR3, 500GB HDD, 14"

523,000

Intel Core i7 2.4 GHz, 4GB DDR3, 500GB HDD, 14"

858,000

36

News Analysis

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

wkwfEdkifiHESihf
ausmufrD;aoG;oHk;pJGrI
Photo - AFP

Munfae0if;rif;
'gwGefNrKdUwGif aexdkifolrsm;u
if;wdkYNrKdUtm; wkwfEdkifiH\
ausmufrD;aoG;NrKdUawmf[k ac:
a0:MuNy;D ,if;odaYk c:qdjk cif;rSm
rxl;qef;vSyg/ NrKUd e,fjyifywGif
ausmufrD;aoG;wl;azmfa&; BuD;
rm;aom pifBuD;rsm;ESihf txyf
jrihftaqmufttHkrsm;u vSy
aom Icif;udk trm&GwfBuD;rsm;
ozG,fxif[yfaeaponf/
ausmufrD;aoG;wGif;wpfck
wGif bl'dkZmpufBuD;rsm; tvkyf
Iyfaeonf/ pufBuD;rsm;u
ausmufrD;aoG;yHkBuD;tm; apmifh
qdik ;f aeaom um;rsm;teD; wGe;f
ydkYaeonf/ ywf0ef;usif avxk
rSmtvGen
f pfnrf;aeNy;D ausmuf
rD;aoG;rIerf sm;aMumifh rnf;arSmif
aeonf/
,if;vkyfief;rSm npfywf
aya&aom vkyfief;jzpfaomf
vnf; wkwfEkdifiH\ pD;yGm;a&;
wpf[kefxdk; jrihfwufrI twGuf
avmifpmjzpfNyD; q,fESpfwm
umvtwGi;f ausmufrD;aoG;
oH;k pJrG I oH;k q jrihw
f ufvmcJo
h nf/
avmavmq,fwiG f wkwEf ikd if H
\ ausmufrD;aoG;oHk;pJGrIonf
tjcm;urmEh ikd if t
H m;vH;k pkaygif;
oHk;pJGrI yrmPcefY&Sdonf/ ,if;

aMumifhyif ab*sif;tygt0if
wkwfEdkifiH NrKdUBuD;trsm;tjym;
tm; tE&m,f&adS om rD;cd;k xkBu;D
rsm; zHk;vTrf;apcJhonf/
NrKUd awmfab*si;f rS vltrsm;
tjym;u ,ckvtwGi;f ab*si;f
wGifjzpfay:onhf avxknpf
nrf;rIrSm if;wdkYrSwfrdorQxJ
wGif tqdk;&Gm;qHk; tajctae
[k ajymMum;Muonf/ avxk
npfnrf;rIrSm urmhusef;rma&;
tzJUG BuD; (WHO) u use;f rma&;
twGuf tE&m,f&Sdonf[k
owf r S w f x m;aomEI e f ; xuf
rsm;pGmjrihfrm;aecJhojzihf aq;
Hrk sm;wGif toufv
I rf;aMumif;
qdkif&m a&m*g a0'emcHpm;
ae&olrsm;? uav;i,frsm;?
oufBuD;&G,ftdkrsm;ESihf jynfh
vQHaeonf/
yDuif;wuodkvf&Sd jynfolY
usef;rma&;ausmif;ESihf ta&SU
tm&S Greenpeace tzJGUwdkY yl;
aygif;jyKvyk cf ahJ om rMumao;rD
u xkwfjyefcJhonhf pmwrf;wpf
apmifwGif NyD;cJhonhfESpftwGif;
wkwNf rKUd Bu;D av;NrKUd wGif avxk
npfnrf;rIaMumihf tenf;qH;k vl
aygif; 8000 rSmt&G,frwdkifrD
ao qHk;cJhonf[k cefYrSef;xm;yg
onf/
ausmufr;D aoG;onf wkwf
pGrf;tifvdktyfcsuf\ oHk;yHk

ESpfyHkudk yHhydk;ay;NyD; EdkifiHwpf0ef;


&Sd oef;aygif;rsm;pGmaom armf
awmfum;rsm;ESihftwl EdkifiH\
avxknpfnrf;rI t"du vuf
onfw&m;cHjzpfonf/ Ekid if phH rG ;f
tifvdktyfcsufudk jznhfqnf;
ay;aomfvnf; avxknpfnrf;
rI rD;cdk;rIdif;rsm;aMumifh vltrsm;
tjym;u Edik if pH ;D yGm;wd;k wufa&;
vkyfief;vkyf[efrsm;tay: ar;
cGef; xkwfrIrsm; jzpfay:vmap
onf/
BuD;rm;aom pufrv
I yk if ef;
BuD;rsm;tay: wkwfEdkifiHu
rSDcdkaerIudk avQmhcsoGm;a&; w
pdkufrwfrwfvkyfaqmifoGm;&
rnfjzpfaMumif; tpdk;&pGrf;tif
ay:vpDokawoDa[mif;vnf;
jzpf? obm0t&if;tjrpfrsm;
umuG,fa&;aumifpD 0g&ifht
BuHay;vnf;jzpfol rpwm ,ef
ykuif;u ajymygonf/ ]]uRef
awmfw&Ykd UJ vkyef nf;vky[
f efawG
udk ajymif;vJ&ygr,f/ ausmufr;D
aoG;aMumifhjzpfwJh avxk npf
nrf;rIu t&rf;udk qd;k &Gm;vmyg
Ny}D } [k if;u ajymMum;&if; ]]bm
rSjzpfrvmbl;qd&k ifawmh NrKUd BuD;
awGrSm vlxkatmfoHawG quf
vufBuD;xGm;vmrSmyJ}} [k if;
u qufvufajymygonf/
]]tpdk;&u ausmufrD;aoG;
oHk;pJGrIudk uefYowfoihfNyD; ydkNyD;

oef&Y iS ;f pifMu,fNy;D xda&mufwhJ


pGrf;tifenf;ynmawG wdk;wuf
atmif vkyfzdkY vdktyfygw,f}}
ab*sif;NrKdUawmfwGif tm
Pmydik rf sm;u avxknpfnrf;rI
udk avQmhcs&ef pufkH 103 Hkudk
ydwfypfvdkufNyD; tpdk;&Hk;oHk;
armfawmf,mOf 30 &mcdik Ef eI ;f udk
vrf;rsm;ay:rS z,f&Sm;cJhonf/
aetdrfjywif;aygufrsm;udk ydwf
xm;&ef jynfolrsm;udk owd
ay;xm;NyD; rvdktyfbJtdrf
tjyifrxGuf&ef? tdrfxJ om
aexdkifMu&efvnf; oufqdkif
&mu owday;csufrsm; xkwf
jyefxm;onf/ cJGpdwfcef;oHk;
rsufESmzHk;rsm;? avoefYpifay;
aom pufrsm; a&mif;ravmuf
jzpfum tcsKdUae&mrsm;wGif
ypnf;yifjywfvyfoGm;onf/
a&&SnfpGrf;tiftwGufrl
wkwfEdkifiHu a&tm;vQyfppf
vkyfief;rsm;ESihf tjcm;jyefvnf
jynhfNzKd;NrJpGrf;tifvkyfief;rsm;
wGif tBuD;tus,f&if;ESD;jrKyfESH
aeygonf/ tpdrf;a&mifenf;
ynmrsm;wGifvnf; urmhacgif;
aqmif[k IjrifcH&ygonf/ odkY
aomfvnf; pGrf;tifvdktyfcsuf
rSm wpfESpfNyD;wpfESpf qufvuf
jrihw
f ufvmcJ&h m ausmufr;D aoG;
oHk;pJGrIrSmvnf; wpfESpfxuf
wpfESpf ydkrdk rsm;jym;vmcJhonf/

,ck&ufydkif;twGif;rSmyif
EdkifiHydkifqif[Gmowif;Xmeu
wifjyonho
f wif;wGif ,cktcg
tmPmydkifrsm;onf pGrf;tif
oHk;pJGrI txl;ojzihf ausmufrD;
aoG;oH;k pJrG I xde;f csKyaf &;twGuf
ypfrSwfwpfck xm;&SdvdkufNyD[k
azmfjyygonf/
odkYaomf pGrf;tifoHk;pJGrI
avQmhcsa&; uefYowfrnhf rnf
onhfBuKd;yrf;rIrqdk a'ocH
(jynfe,f) tpdk;&rsm;u vdkvm;
Murnfr[kwfay/ if;wdkYu
vnf; pD;yGm;a&;zHGUNzKd;wdk;wufrI
tay: xdcdkufrnfudk pdk;&drfyg
onf/
NrKdUBuD;rsm;&Sd jynfolrsm;u
rl if;wdkY\ b0aexkdifrI t&nf
taoG;wdk;wuf&ef tmPmydkif
rsm;taejzihf ,if;udpudk wif;
wif;usyfusyf udkifwG,f ta&;
,l a &;ud k vd k v m;Muonf /
odkYaomf 'gwGefNrKdUausmufrD;
aoG ; wl ; azmf a &;puf H k B uD ; t
eD;tem;wGifrl NrKdUBuD;om;rsm;
ESifh uJjG ym;jcm;em;aom arQmv
f ifh
csufrsm;&Sdaejyefygonf/
rpwm Zl,0l rfrmS wpfouf
vH;k v,f,mvkyu
f ikd v
f mol jzpf
ygonf/ touf 56 ESpft&G,f
v,form;BuD;u wpfcsdefu
olydkifqdkifxm;orQrSm odk;av;?
ig;aumifom&Sdonfudk rSwfrd

aeao;onf/ olESihfolY&Gmom;
awG tm;vHk;&THUtkwfrsm;jzihf
aqmufvkyfxm;aom aetdrf
rsm;wGif aexdkifcJh&onfudk rSwf
rd aeao;onf/
odkYaomf ,cktcgwGif rp
wmZlwpfa,muf t0wfavQmf
pufwpfvHk;ESihf wDADwpfvHk;
ydkifqdkifaeNyDjzpfNyD; BuD;rm;aom
tdrf rufrsm; olYrSm&Sdonf/
]]ighrmS ydu
k q
f &H &dS if um;0,f
r,f? tqihfjrihfwdkufcef;? a&cJ
aowm? uGefysLwmawG0,f
r,f}} [k rpwmZlu ajymygonf/
v,form;BuD;Zlu a&SUquf
olYb0 wdk;wufzdkYyJ&Sdonf[k
arQmfvihfonf/ ,if;rSm wkwf
EdkifiHacgif;aqmifrsm;twGuf
pdefac:rIyifjzpfonf/ rpwm
ZluJhodkYaom vlrsm;\ pdwful;
,Oftdyfrufrsm;udk wm&Snf
xdef;odrf;Edkifaom pD;yGm;a&;
zHGUNzKd;wdk;wufrIjzihf xdef;nday;
a&;jzpfonf/
avmavmq,fwiG rf l Edik if H
pG r f ; tif v d k t yf c suf t wG u f
ausmufrD;aoG;tay: rDScdktm;
xm;ae&rIESihf ,if;ESihftwl jzpf
ay:vmonhf avxknpfnrf;
rIrSm avsmhyg;vmrnhf t&dyft
a,mif rawGU&ao;ay/
Ref: "China's coal
conundrum as smog worsen"

37

International

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

wl&uD&Sd tar&duefoHHk; taocHAHk;cGJwkdufcdkufrI aewdk;ESihf tar&duef Iwfcs

Photo - AFP

azazmf0g&D 1 &ufu vHNk cKH a&;ESpOf ;D aoqH;k Ny;D tjcm;vlaygif;rsm;pGm 'Pf&m&&Scd ahJ om AH;k uGrJ I
jzpfay:NyD; wl&uDEdkifiH tefum&mNrdKU tar&duefoHHk;teD;rwfwwf&yfMunfhaeolrsm;

qD;&D;,m;jyem ajz&Sif;a&;
vHkNcHKa&;aumifpD qHk;jzwfcsuf ta&;yg
jrL;epf?azazmf0g&D-2
22 v MumjrihfvmcJhNyDjzpfaom
qD;&D;,m;jynfwGif;ppf tqHk;
owfEkdifa&;twGuf ukvor*
vHkNcHKa&;aumifpD\ qHk;jzwf
csufwpf&yf rjzpfraevkdtyf
aMumif; qD;&D;,m;EdkifiHqkdif&m
ukvor*ESihf tm&yftzGJUcsKyf
txl;ukd,fpm;vS,fu ajym
Mum;onf/
qD;&D;,m;Ekid if o
H m;rsm;ESifh
a'owGi;f tiftm;BuD;Ekid if rH sm;
rSm qD;&D;,m;EkdifiH\ tajct
aeukd if;wdkYbmom ajymif;vJ
EkdifpGrf;&SdyHk ray:bJ xkdYtwGuf
,if;wm0efrSm us,fjyefYaom
Ekid if w
H umtodik ;f t0kid ;f u ajz
&Sif;&rnfhudpjzpfvmaMumif;
txl;udk,fpm;vS,f rpwm
vuf'gb&m[DrDu ajymMum;
onf/ us,fjyefYaom EkdifiHw
umtodkif;t0dkif;rSm vHkNcHKa&;

aumifpDyifjzpfonf[k if;u
qufvufajymonf/
]]'Djyemudk Nidrf;csrf;pGm
ajz&Si;f Ekid af &; taotcsm Te;f
qkad zmfjyxm;wJh vHNk cKH a&;aumif
pD&JU qHk;jzwfcsufwpf&yf uRef
awmfwdkY vkdtyfygw,f}}[k rp
wmb&m[DrDu ajymygonf/
,if ; ud p E S i h f y wf o uf
ukvor*vHkNcHKa&;aumifpD t
NrJwrf;tzGJU0if ig;EkdifiHrS oHt
rwfBuD;rsm;ESifh awGUqHktoday;
cJhaMumif; rpwmb&m[DrDu
jrL;epfNrdKUwGif usif;yonfh vHkNcHK
a&;uGefz&ifh ajymMum; onf/
k&Sm;EkdifiHonf if;\
aemufqHk; tm&yfrdwfaqGESifh
r[mrdwfqD;&D;,m;tay: ydwf
qdkYwm;qD;rIrsm;csrSwfa&; ukv
or*\qH;k jzwfcsuu
f dk axmuf
cH&ef jiif;qefcJhaomaMumifh
a0zefcHcJh&onf/
Ref: Ria Novosti

[l*dkcsm;Aufpf uifqma&m*gukorI
aemufwpfqifh wufoGm;NyD[k 'korwajymMum;
um&muwfpf?azazmf0g&D-2
AifeZD v
JG m;orw [l*ckd sm;Aufpf
onf cGJpdwfrItvGef ukorIt
qihu
f dk cH,Nl y;D ukorIaemufwpf
qifhudk cH,laeNyDjzpfaMumif; Aif
eDZGJvm; 'korw eDudkvyfpfrm'l
dkuajymMum;onf/
]]uHaumif;axmufrpGmyJ
cGJpdwfrItvGef ukorItykdif; NyD;
qHk;oGm;ygNyD/ tckqkd&if orw
[m aemufwpfqifh ukorIcH,l
aeNyD; wjznf;jznf; jyefaumif;
vmygNyD}}[k 'korwtm; ukd;
um; AifeDZGJvm;rD'D,mu
azmfjyonf/
orw[l*dkcsm;Aufpf (58
ESpf)onf wpfESpftwGif; uif
qma&m*gtwGuf cGJpdwfrIav;

BudrfESihf uDrdkaq;oGif;ukorI
av;Budrf cH,lcJh&onf/ ,ck
aemufqHk; cGJpdwfukorIukd 'DZif
bm v 11 &ufwGif usL;bm;Ekdif
iH vkyfaqmifum uifqmwpf
SL;rsm; z,f&Sm;cJhonf/
if;\ orwoufwrf;
opftwGuf Zefe0g&D 11 &ufu
usrf;opmusdefqkd&ef pDpOfxm;
cJhaomfvnf; usef;rma&;tajc
taeaMumifh tcrf;tem;okdY r
wufa&mufEidk cf ahJ y/ AifeZD v
JG m;
w&m;H;k csKyu
f vnf; rpwmcsm;
Aufpf\ aq;ukorIrsm; NyD;qHk;
onftxd usrf;opmusdefqdkrI
tm; a&TUqkdif;xm;&ef qHk;jzwfcJh
onf/
Ref: Ria Novosti

tefum&m?
azazmf0g&D-2
wl&uDEkdifiH tefum&mNrdKU&Sd t
ar&duefoHHk;wGif taocHAHk;cGJ
orm;wpf O D ; 0if a &muf w k d u f
ckdufcJhjcif;udk tar&duefESifh ae
wd;k tzGUJ u Iwcf sajymMum;vdu
k f
onf/ ,if;wdkufcdkufrIwGif wl&
uDvHkNcHKa&;wpfOD; aoqHk;NyD; t
jcm;vloHk;OD;rSm xdcdkuf'Pf&m
&&SdcJhonf/

tefum&mNrKd U txufwef;
pm;&yfuGuf&Sd vHkNcHKa&;wdk;jrifh
xm;aom oH H k ; t0if 0 wk d u f
cdkufrIrSm rGwfqvifurm&Sd oH
Hk;rsm; wkdufckdufcH&rIrsm;wGif
aemufqHk;jzpfay:onfh wkduf
cku
d rf jI zpfNy;D tar&duef\ urm
wpf0ef; oHHk;trIxrf; 70000
twGuf tE&m,fudk xif&Sm;
vmaponf/
,if;AHk;cGJrIudk tdrfjzLawmf

u jyif;jyif;xefxef IwfcsNyD;
,if;rSm tMurf;zufvkyf&yf[k
ajymqkNd y;D rnfonht
f zGUJ \ vuf
csufrSef; rodao;aMumif;ajym
onf/
wl&uD0efBuD;csKyf &Dbuf
aw&pftm'kd*efurl AHk;cGJolrSm
jynfolYvGwfajrmufa&; awmf
vSefa&;wyfzGJU (DHKP-C)tzGJU
0ifjzpfaMumif; ajymMum;onf/
,if;tzGUJ rSm 1970 ausmEf pS rf sm;

uyif xif&Sm;ausmfMum;olrsm;
tay: taocHwkdufcdkufrIrsm;
vkyaf qmifcahJ omtzGUJ jzpfonf/
aewdk;tzGJU twGif;a&;rSL;
csKyf tef'g;pfazmh&yfrwfqefu
vnf; r[mrdwfEkdifiHwpfEkdifiH
\ e,fy,fwiG f tjcm;r[mrdwf
wpfEdkifiH\ oHHk;e,fajrwkduf
ck d u f r I t m; jyif ; xef p G m I w f c s
aMumif; ajymMum;onf/
Ref: AFP

38

Knowledge

7DAY

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

BOOK
R E V I E W

azazmf0g&D 6 &ufrS 12 &uftxd

ARIES

rd&moDzGm; (rwf21-{NyD20)

Taurus

Nyd&moDzGm; ({NyD21-ar21)

Gemini

arxkef&moDzGm; (ar 22-ZGef 21)

tvGefowd&Sd&rnfhumvjzpfonf/ pdwfyifyef;rnf/ jyemrsm;rnf/ &eftaESmihft,Sufrsm;wwf


onf/ aiGukefrsm;rnf/ olwpfyg;aMumifh rdrdtBuHysufrnf/ tdrfwGif;a&;? vlrIa&;wGif tnhH&Sdaom
umvjzpfonf/ tmrcHjcif;? wm0ef,ljcif;a&Smifyg/ vlaygif;rSm;? qHk;jzwfcsuf rSm;wwfonf/ pdwf
taESmifht,Sufjzpfwwfonf/ arwma&;uHaumif;onf/

ausmufpmudk cJzsufESihfzsufr& (ajrrIefvGif)


&mpkESpfwpfckwGif rsKd;qufav;quf &Sdonf[k
ynm&Sirf sm;u qdMk uonf/ a,bk,stMurf;tm;
jzifh rsK;d qufwpfqufukd ESpaf ygif;ESpq
f ,f? tpdwf
0ef;usif[k owfrw
S af vh&MdS uonf/ Oyrm jrefrm
Edik if w
H iG f 1960 0ef;usif ESprf sm;udk jzwfoef;cJah om
rsK;d quf? 88 'Dru
kd a&pDta&;awmfyu
kH mvudk jzwf
oef;cJhaom rsKd;quf? xdkYaemuf ESpfaygif;ESpfq,f
eD;yg; MumjrihNf y;D aomtcg 2007 pufwifbm a&T0g
a&mif oHCmhvIyf&Sm;rIBuD;udk jzwfoef;cJhaom rsKd;
quf[l a,bk,s owfrSwfEdkifygonf/ ,ckpm
tkyrf mS aemufq;kH rsK;d qufjzpfaom 2007 pufwif
bm oHCmhvIyf&Sm;rIudk aemufcHxm; xdk umv
u vli,ftcsKUd \ b0udk zJUG wnfa&;om;xm;onhf
vHk;csif;0wKjzpfonf/ pmtkyfwGif xdkacwfumv
vli,fwpfpk\ aeYpOform;dk;us jzwfoef;rIrsm;
jzihaf yghayghyg;yg;a&;xm;Ny;D wjznf;jznf; av;euf
onhf taMumif;t&mqD OD;wnfac:aqmifomG ;yg
rnf/ &efuek Nf rKUd ae wuov
kd af usmif;om;? ausmif;
olvli,fwpfodkuf\ aeYpOfb0jzwfoef;rIxJrS
rxifrSwfbJ EdkifiHa&;tod yGifhvif;vmaponhf
pufo;kH qDaps;tqrwefjrihw
f ufrIrS2007oHCmh
vIyf&Sm;rIBuD; BuHKawGU&jcif;? ayhgayghae ayghaygh
pm;b0rS Ekid if aH &; tod Ek;d Mum;vmumxdv
k yI &f mS ;
rIBuD;xJ yg0ifjzwfoef;cJhNyD; axmifusonftxd
BuHKawGUcJhaom ausmif;om; vli,fwpfOD;\ b0
tcsKd;tauGUudk azmfusL;a&;om;xm;onf/
,ck0wK\ xl;jcm;csurf mS Zmwfaumifjzpfol
onf rnfonhrf ed ;f uav;ESirfh Q w&m;0ifywfouf
qufE,
T jf cif;r&Sb
d J 0wKukd ed*;kH xdt
k wdik ;f yif t
qH;k owfxm;jcif;jzpfonf/ 0wKyg taMumif;t&m
rsm;ESifh jzpf&yfrsm;udk ab;rS&yfMunho
f w
l pfO;D yrm
oG,0f u
kd
f a&;om;xm;onf/ ayghyg;oGuv
f ufpmG
zwfIEdkifrnhf pmtkyfjzpfNyD; igwkdYpmayu wefzdk;
2000 usyfjzihf jzefYcsdonf/

c&D;oGm;aqmif;yg;rsm; (armifrJ)
vlxkowif;pm? *sme,frsm;wGif 1950 ESpfrsm;
twGi;f azmfjycJah om pma&;olarmifr\
J c&D;oGm;
aqmif;yg;pkpnf;rI pmtkyfjzpfonf/
pmtkyfwGif pkpkaygif;aqmif;yg; (37) yk'f
yg0ifNyD; tm;vHk;vdkvdkrSm jrefrmjynftESHY xuf
atmuf0ef;usifoGm;vmcJhaom c&D;oGm;tawGU
tBuHKrsm;udk a&;om;xm;jcif;jzpfonf/ pma&;
olarmifrJonf xdkpOftcgu vlolta&muft
ayguf enf;ao;aom csi;f jynfe,f &Gmuav;rsm;?
ucsifjynfe,f tpGeftzsm;&Sd aus;&Gmrsm;? em*
a'oESihf jrefrmjynfe,fpyfa'orsm;odkYyg oGm;
a&mufcJhNyD; if;jrifawGUBuHKcJh&aom ,if;a'o
rsm;\ vlrIa&;? usef;rma&;? ynma&;? pD;yGm;a&;
tawG;tjrifrsm;udk vHk;aphywfaph a&;om;xm;
&m c&D;oGm;aqmif;yg;zwfvdkolrsm;twGuf csif
jcif;ajyaprnhfpmtkyfjzpfonf/
pmtkyt
f rSmwGif ]]q&marmifr\
J pmtkyt
f
a&twGuf enf;aomfvnf; c&D;oGm;pmay a&;
om;&m wHcGefxlcJhygonf/ ae&m&cJhygonf/
&Sifdkao? vldkaojzpfco
hJ nf/ b0wpfavQmufv;kH
owif;orm;taejzihf touf&Sif\/ owif;&eHY
twGuf b,folYtul tnDrQryg vG,ftdwfwpf
vH;k vG,u
f m qif;&Jyifyef;pGm c&D;oGm;\/ oGm;&if;
vm&if;vlx\
k jzpfysurf ?I vIy&f mS ;rI? tjrifrawmf
rI? csKdU,Gif;rIrsm;udk penf;em\/ vlxk\ kyf0wK
rsm;omru pdwfcHpm;rIrsm;udk pmem\/ odkYjzpf
OD;aESmufjzihf owif;ra&;bJ wpfcgwpf&H ESvHk;
om;jzihfyg Munfh\/
xdkYaMumifh q&m armifrJ\ c&D;oGm;aqmif;
yg;rsm;udk pma&;q&mBuD; armifxifu tuf
aq; oabmygonf[k oH;k oyfc\
hJ }} [k azmfjyyg&Sd
onf/
pmtkyu
f kdoHviG Nf ird ;f csr;f pmtkyw
f u
kd u
f wef
zdk; 2500 usyfjzihf jzefYcsdonf/

]*l;*Jvf}qkdwJh a0g[m&jzpfay:vmykHudk od&JUvm;


Google [laom tifwmeuf&SmazGa&; tif*sifac: 0ufbfqkdufBuD;\trnfudk odolr&Sm;aomf

vnf; ,if;pum;vHk;udk rnfodkY &SmawGU xl;xl;qef;qef;trnfay;cJhyHkudkrl odolenf;vSonf/


pwef;zkdY'f wuokdvfrS ynm&Sifa';Apfckdvm\pmwpfck 1997 wGif *l;*Jvfwnfaxmifol v,f&D
ayhcsfESihf qm*sDb&if;wdkYonf if;wdkY\ Search Engine udk trnfay;&ef pwifpOf;pm;cJhaMumif;
qkdonf/ v,f&DayhcsfESihf qm*sDwkdYonf a'wmtcsuftvufajrmufjrm;pGmudk tTef;jyKvkyfum
&SmazGay;Ekid af om if;wd\
Yk &SmazGa&;tif*sit
f wGuf qufE,
T af omtrnfukd pOf;pm;Mu&mrS pwef;
zd'Yk w
f uov
dk af usmif;om;wpfO;D jzpfol a&Smiftef'gqifu toHxu
G t
f m;jzihf googolplex [k t
rnfay;&m v,f&u
D xyfwakd tmif googol [k ac:a0:cJh onf/ ,if;pum;vH;k ESpcf pk vH;k rSm Bu;D rm;
aom ude;f *Pef;yrmPrsm;udk &nfeT ;f jcif;jzpfonf/ xkaYd emuf a&Smifonf uGeyf sLwmwGif 'drk ed ;f
trnfopfay;&eftwGuf pmvH;k du
k x
f nf&h mwGif pmvH;k aygif;rSm;du
k u
f m googol tpm; google
[k dkufxnfhrdonf/ wGif v,f&Dayhcsfvnf; xkdtrnfukd oabmus&mrS if;wdkY0ufbfqkdufudk
google.com [k trnfay;vdu
k af wmhonf/ rSww
f rf;t& google.com trnfukd 1997 pufwif
Ref: google
bm 15&ufwGif trnfrlykdifcGihfrSwfyHkwifonf/

zefw;D rIopfrsm;ESifh atmifjrifro


I pfrsm; &&Srd nf/ aiGaMu;uHaumif;rnf/ t&yfa0;rS a&muf&adS eonhf
{nhfonfrsm;ESihf tcsdefukefaernhfumv jzpfonf/ udk,fhudpxuf rdom;pkudptwGuf tcsdefydkay;
ae&rnf/ rdom;pkwiG f tvkyo
f pf? pD;yGm;opfrsm; aqmif&u
G af tmifjrifrnf/ ae&mxdik cf if;udp pum;
ajymqdkrIrsm; tqifajyrnf/ aiG0ifrnf/ jyefxGufrnf/

tqifajyjcif;ESihf wdk;wufjcif;bufodkY OD;wnfvmonf/ &nfrSef;xm;onfrsm; atmifjrifrnf/


aiGaMu;uHaumif;rnf/ tvkyfopfrsm;? ukefypnf;opfrsm; jzefYcsd tqifajyrnf/ rdrdudpr[kwfbJ
olwpfyg;twGuf aqmif&Guf&if; pdwfIyfaxG;&jcif;rsm; jzpfwwfonf/ umvtwefMum ta<u;
xm;? ab;csxm;onhf udprsm;udk tcsdefydkay;NyD; pm&if;Z,m; IyfaxG;ae&rnf/

Cancer

u&u#f&moDzGm; (ZGef 22-Zlvkdif 22)

tvGefowd&Sd&rnf/ taESmihft,Sufrsm; 0ef;&Haeonf/ BuKdwifwGufqxm;jcif;r&Sdonhf jyem


rsm; wpfcNk y;D wpfck ajz&Si;f &rnf/ pum;qd;k rsm; ajym&rnf/ [efaqmif<um;0golrsm;? aysm&f iT rf I vGeu
f J
olrsm;\ taESmihft,Sufudk BuHK&wwfonf/ ckduf&ef jzpfonfrsm; 0ifa&mufajz&Sif;jcif;a&Smifyg/
udk,hfudpr[kwfbJ ygrd? ajymrdu ajz&Sif;rqHk;jzpfrnf/

LEO

od[f&moDzGm; (Zlvkdif23-Mo*kwf23)

vIyf&Sm;wdk;wufaom umvjzpfonf/ xl;jcm;aom tajymif;tvJ&Sdrnf/ vlrsKd;uJG tusKd;ay;rnf/


tBuHopf? &nf&,
G cf suo
f pfrsm; vufawGUaqmif&u
G af tmifjrifrnf/ rdom;pkwiG ;f Nc?H um;? tcef;udp
pum;ajymqdrk I BuHKrnf/ cg;ydu
k Ef u
dI cf &H wwfonf/ tvkyaf e&m? qufq&H aom ywf0ef;usiw
f iG f rlv
yHkpHESihf rwljcm;em;aomolrsm;ESihf qufqH&rnf/

Virgo

uef&moDzGm; (Mo*kwf24-pufwifbm22)

rSef;xm;onfrsm; wvJGwacsmfjzpfNyD; tqifajyrnf/ pum;rwnfolrsm; awGa0'dG[jzpfwwfolrsm;


ESihf yl;wJGvkyfae& xifoavmuf c&D;ra&mufwpfckxuf ydkaom vkyfief;rsm;udk OD;aqmifvkyfudkif
Edkifrnf/ ysKd&G,folrsm; pef;yGifhrnf/ pkaygif;vkyfaom vkyfief; tusKd;ay;onf/ tmrcHjcif;? wm0ef,l
jcif;rsm; wwftm;orQavQmhyg/

LIbra

wl&moDzmG ; (pufwifbm23-atmufwb
dk m23)

tvH;k pHak tmifjrifjcif; ? wd;k wufjcif;rsm;&Srd nf/ csr;f ajrUzG,o


f wif;pum;rsm;? aysm&f iT rf rI sm; zH;k vTr;f ae
aom umvjzpfonf/ pkaygif;vkyfief;tusKd;ay;rnf/ vkyfief;r&Sdol vkyfief;& &Sdolwdk;wufrnf/
kwfw&uf ay:vmonhf tcGifhta&;tay: pepfwus,l wdk;wufrIrsm; zefwD;Edkifrnf/ vlcspf
vlcifaygrnf/

Scorpio

NAdpm&moDzGm; (atmufwkdbm24-Ekd0ifbm22)

&if;ESD;aomolrsm;ESihf pum;rsm;&wwfonf/ MuefYMumaeaom &ydkifcGifhrsm; vuf0,fjyefvnf&Edkif


aom taetxm;&Sdygonf/ OD;wnfcsuf? cH,lcsufrwlaom olrsm;ESihf yl;aygif;NyD; aqmif&Guf&rnf/
umvtwefMum a0;uGmaeaom olrsm;ESihf jyefvnfqHkpnf;rnf/ vGefcJhaomESpfu &oihfonfrsm;
,ckumvrSjyefvnf&&Sdrnf/

Sagittarus "Ek&moDzGm; (Ekd0ifbm23-'DZifbm21)

tvHk;pHkaumif;jcif;bufodkY OD;wnfrnf/ aiGaMu;udp? vkyfief;udprsm; aqmif&GuftusKd;ay;rnf/


pdwu
f ;l &nfreS ;f csurf sm;ESifh tvkypf ;D yGm;udpr sm;udk vufawGUaygif;pyf xl;jcm;pGm atmifjrifatmif
aqmif&GufEdkifonhf umvjzpfonf/ c&D;udp tqifajyrnf/ tenf;i,f taESmihft,Suf&Sdrnf/
vlrsKd;uJG tusKd;ay;rnf/

Capricorn rum&&moDzGm; ('DZifbm22-Zefe0g&D20)


tvkyftBuHtpnfatmifjrifrnf/ aiGaMu;uHaumif;rnf/ pD;yGm;wdk;wufrnf/ vl,Hkxm; r&yg/
olwpfyg;aMumifh rdrdwGif pdwfIyfaxG;p&mrsm; jzpfay:wwfonf/ rlvvkyfaeonhf vrf;aMumif;rS
aoGznfNyD;vkyfyg/ qE&Sdonhfudptm; EIwfrSzGifhrajymbJ vQKdU0Sufvkyfyg/ &efrsm;aernf/ &nfrSef;
xm;oavmuf tqifajyjcif;? wdk;wufjcif;rsm; BuHKrnf/

Aquarius

ukr&f moDzmG ; (Zefe0g&D21-azazmf0g&D18)

rawmfwqxd&rS I txl;*kpu
kd yf g/ ud,
k w
f ikd w
f iG v
f nf;aumif;? rdom;pkwiG v
f nf;aumif;? tBuD;tuJ
wGifvnf;aumif;? usef;rma&;nHhrnf/ aiGvmacs;ol ay:rnf/ acs;iSm;rdu qHk;rnf/ teD;uyf t&if
ajymol\ pum;udk ,Hkpm;rdaomaMumifh qHk;jzwfcsufrSm;,Gif;wwfonf/ tvdk&Sd&m atmifjrifrnf/
aESmihf,Sufvmoltm; z,f&Sm;Edkifonf/

Pisces

rdef&moDzGm; (azazmf0g&D19-rwf20)

ta&;BuD;aom qHk;jzwfcsufrsm; csrSwf&rnf/ aumif;aomtajymif;tvJrsm;jzpfrnf/ kwfw&uf


wpfqpfcsKd;tvSnhftajymif;rsm; jzpfay:rnf/ rjzpfrae vkyftqHk;wGif atmifjrifrnf/ ae&mxdkif
cif;udp tajymif;tvJ&Sdrnf/ rxifrSwfbJ tdrfjyif&rnf/ rarQmfvifhbJ tvkyfopfpwif&rnf/
pdwful;rxm;bJ c&D;oGm;&udef; BuHKrnf/

39

Puzzle&Classified

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

Free Classified
cktdrf
tqifhjrifhcef;qD;vdkufumESifhul
&Sif trsKd;rsKd;csKyfvkyfjcif;vkyfief;/
wku
d -f A, G-5, Pearl Condo, urm
at;bk & m;vrf ; ES i f h q &mpH v rf ;
axmifh/ zkef;- 09-73037776
09-73204374
*syefbmomoifwef;(tcrJh)
*syefbmompum;tm; tajccHrS
p pepfwus avhvmoifMum;vkd
olrsm;twGuf/
zkef;-09-421024861
NY-925
Before Valentine's Day Promotion. (February 1st to 28th). All
Rings are 20% discount.

tcrJ h a Mumf j imu@

& More. Ph: 09-450039844

vdktyfvQifqufoG,f&ef
jrefrmhdk;&m vuf&ufuef;ESihf t
xnf'DZkdif; enf;ynmjrihfwif&ef
&ufuef;jyKvkyfrnfh toif;? tzGJU
tpnf;vkyif ef;rsm;twGuf vdt
k yf
vQif/ zkef;-09-402603323
wdkufa&mif;rnf
jrif;NcHNrdKU? AkdvfcsKyfvrf;? jrefrmEkdifiH
om;rsm;bPfESihf rsufESmcsif;qkdif
ESpfxyfwdkuf/
zkef;-09-2212295
a&mif;rnf
txuf j ref r mjynf ? opf a rT ; NcH
a&mif;rnf/ zkef;-09-73158991
oifwef;

Ph: 09-5176934

Basic Computer Course, Adobe

oifwef;
uGefysLwmtdrfwdkif&ma&muf t
wwfoif ndEdIif;aps;jzihf oifMum;
ay;ygonf/
zkef;-09-401546231

Photoshop Course, Website

English Classes
Business Communicative, Basic
& General English, One to One,
Special Class & Home.
Ph: 09-400494397

tdrfta&mufykdYay;onf
qefrIefYEkEk aps;EIef;csdKcsdK ta&muf
ykdYay;rnf/
zkef;-09-73009992
0,fvkdonf
Secondhand Apple iPhone 5/4S/
4/3GS/3G, iPad 4/Mini/3/2/1,
Macbook Pro, Laptops Note
Books, Net Books, Ultra Books

Designing Course.
Ph: 09-5150288

oifwef;
ykdvQHaeaom tqDrsm;ukd tcsdefwdk
twGif; avQmhcsvkdolrsm;twGuf
tqDcstuoifwef;/
zkef;-09-8611064
0efaqmifrI
uGeyf sLwm tdrt
f a&mufjyKjyifa&;?
FRIENDS Computer Center.

zkef;- 73070972
0,fvdkonf
ay(40_60)? FMI City ? vIdifom
,m/ zkef;-09-421007195
wkwfpmtajccHoifwef;
wkwfpm tajccHoifwef;(a&;?
zwf?ajym)? tdrfwdkif&ma&mufoif
Mum;ay;onf/ uav;rsm;ESihf t

rsd K ;orD ; rsm; oD ; oef Y o if w ef ; &S d


onf/ zkef;-09-421156070
vkH;csif;wdkufa&mif;rnf
trSw(f 610)? tifMuif;vrf;? 34 &yf
uGuf? ajrmuf'*kHNrdKUe,f? &efukef/
zkef;-09 5020192
a&mif;rnf
arNrdKU? oHk;axmifaus;&Gm? vm;Id;
vrf ; rBuD ; rS ES p f N cH a usmf (tjref
a&mif;rnf)/
zkef;-05-5042621
oifwef;
pudwfpD;oifwef;? Model oif
wef;? Dancer oifwef;? DJ oif
wef; tjrefpm&if;ay;oGi;f Ekid yf gNy/D
zkef;-09-5417658
q&mrif;ok`E(ref;wuodkvf)
tqifhjrifhvuPmESihf euwfaA
'ifynm&Sif? oifwef;ay;jcif;? Zm
wmtrsdK;rsdK;zGJUay;jcif;/
zkef;-09-73234624
tdrfNcHajra&mif;rnf
awmif'*Hk? 25 &yfuGuf? a&TESif;qD
(6)vrf;? ay(20_60)? ysOfaxmif
oGyfrdk;tdrfyg? a&? rD;pHk? *&efajr?
ndEIdif;aps;- usyfodef; 250
zkef;-09-448003585
Global Tech

rdwL qkid o
f ;kH ? H;k oH;k ? vkyif ef;oH;k rsm;
twGuf pufud&d,mrsdK;pHkukd aps;
EIef;oufompGmjzihf a&mif;cswyf
qifay;onf/
zkef;-09-450064013
a&mif;rnf
wmarG N rd K Ue,f t wG i f ; vk d i f ; zk e f ;
a&mif;&ef&Sdonf/ Internet csdwf

quf&onf/ Fax zGifh&onf/


a&mif;aps;- usyf 5 odef;
zkef;-09-5417658
q&m&efEkdif (Dragon King)
uGezf ;l ? Aef'?kd xku
d u
f sd ud,
k v
f ykH nm
txl ; oif w ef ; ausmif ; / td r f t
a&mufoifMum;ay;onf/
zkef;-09-5016623
oifwef;

tion or Modeling 3D Home

uGu?f jynfaxmifp&k yd rf eG ?f ay(60_


60)? *&ef? ESpfxyfwkduf? ukd,fykdif
rDwm? taqmufttkHtydk(tvkyf
vkyfcef;yg)/
usyfodef;-3500(ndEdIif;)
zkef;-09-5065454
tdrfta&mufoifMum;ay;onf
Grade 1 to 9 bmompHkESihf t*F
vdyf? ocsFmoD;oefY aEG&moDoifdk;
ukef oifMum;ay;onf/ usufpm
rsm;twGuf Guide jyKvkyfonf/
zkef;-09-420003869

Design or Architecture Fruity

For Buy & Sale

Photoshop CS5, Illustrator CS5,


Video Editing, 2D/3D Anima-

Loop Studio (Music).

iPhone 5, 4GS, 4G & 3GS. New

Ph: 09-8617245

iPad 1, iPad 2, iPad & etc. Sam-

PENGUIN

sung Note II, Note I, S2, S3 &

Electro Mechanical, tJ,m;uGef;?

etc. HTC, Sony Ericsson, Sony

a&cJaowm? t0wfavQmfpuf jyK


jyifa&mif;0,fonf/
zkef;- 521221
a&mif;rnf
pD;yGm;a&;ESihf vkyfief;vkyf&ef ae
&maumif;? um;yguifyg&Sdonf/
MunfhjrifwkdifNrdKUe,f? urf;em;vrf;
rBuD;ay:? ay(27_25)? ESpfxyf
wdkufvHk;csif;? tcef;(3)cef;yg/
zkef;-09-73232889
oifMum;ay;rnf
t*Fvyd pf mtajccH tm;enf;olrsm;
twGuf t"du&nf&G,f Gram-

Xperia & Hawei.

mar, Vocabulary, Speaking,


Listening & Writing wkdYudk tdrft
a&muf tajccHrpS oifay;onf/
zkef;-09-73630662
ykdif&Sifudk,fwkdifa&mif;rnf
oCFe;f uRe;f NrKd Ue,f? BuD;yGm;a&;&yf

ay;onf/
zkef;-09-49304091
San Thit
Refrigerator, Air-Con, Washing
Machine & Electrical Wiring,
Service.
Ph: 09-421087913

a&mif;rnf
toHk;rjyK&ao;aom topfpuf
puf y&dabm*rsm;udk qkdifjzKwf
aps;jzihfa&mif;rnf/
zkef;-09-401536180
pmoif0kdif;
tar&duefrS t*FvdyfpmbGJU& bm
omjyefpma&;q&m oifMum;aom
o'gESihf a&;? zwf? bmomjyef pm
oif0kdif;/ zkef;-09-73158991
oifwef;

Ph: 09-448003125

IELTS (Basic, 7.5 & Above),

a&mif;rnf
vIdifNrdKUe,f? (13)&yfuGuf? 5 vrf;?
trSwf(5)? oD&dNrdKifvrf;rBuD;/
(qdkaps;- usyfodef; 300)
zkef;-09-43022964
a':pkd;pkd;atmif
9? 10 wef; bmompHk Guide tdrf
ta&mufoifonf/
zkef;-09-73219577

Special IGCSE. (q&m Solomon

Weeding Annocer
(Myanmar & Chinese)jzihf r*Fvm

tcrf;tem;rsm; vufcaH qmif&u


G f
ay;onf/ zkef;-09-5176934
ocsFmoD;oefY
Primary I to VI ESihf tajccHynm
5? 6? 7? 8? 9 wef; ausmif;om;rsm;
tm; ocsmF bmomudk tdrv
f u
kd o
f if

+ 3 Experts)

zkef;-09-5417781
Ever Stand

udk&D;,m;pmoif0kdif;rS EPS-TPOIK
pmar;yGt
J wGuf oD;oef(Y 7)a,muf
0kdif;rsm;/ zkef;-09-43107402
a&mif;rnf
a&mfbmNcH(14){u? yifysdK(3000)?
bm;tHNrKd Ue,f? oGm;^vma&;vG,/f
zkef;-09-5004473
a&mif;rnf
rdk;pyg;? aEGpyg; pdkufysdK;Ekdifaom
v,fajr{u (100 rS 300){ucefY
wpfqufpyfwnf; wku
d Bf uD;NrKd Ue,f
wGif wnf&Sdonf/
zkef;-09-423661937

40

Article

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

pmrsufESm(25)rS

*Ev&mZf c&D;onf (11)


uifr&mxkwfjyNyD; "mwfyHkdkuf
[efvkyfjyawmh awmfawmfrsm;
rsm;u NyKH ;NyKH ;BuD; acgif;ndwf M u
onf/ "mwfykH u
kd zf Ykdawmh 0goem
ygMu[efwlyg&JU/
uReaf wmfww
Ykd pfawG &Gmom;
awG &Gmom;awGEiS fh pkaygif;"mwf
yHkdkufMuonf/ tukefvHk; tNyHK;
awG wa0a0/ tem;BuD;BuD; c
armufBuD;apmif;xm;onhf &Gm
om;BuD;wpfOD;qdkvQif tm;yg;
w&BuD;NyHK;vdkY../ xdkpOfckdufrSm
yif toHp;l pl; wpfoMH um;vdu
k &f
&m vSnhfMunhfawmh uRefawmf
wdkYESihftwl ygvmol NrKdUay:rS
wm0efcHwpfa,muf/ olu c
armufESihf &Gmom;BuD;udk rsuf
aMumwif;wif;ESihf MunhfNyD; cyf
aigufaigufajymaeonf/ bm
awGajymaerSef;awmhrod/ &Gm
om;BuD;rSm rsufpdysuf rsufESm
ysufESihf/ olYcarmufBuD;udk ysm
ysmovJ cRwf&Smonf/ olYrsuf
ES m wG i f apmapmu tNyH K ;ud k
rawGU&awmh/
xdkonfaemufwGifawmh
&Gmom;tm;vHk;avmufyif uRef
awmfwdkYem;rS cGmoGm;Muonf/
cyfvSrf;vSrf;rSom rsufESmtdktdk
ESihf ai;aeMuawmhonf/ uRef
awmfwdkYudk,fwdkifrSmvnf; apm
apmu pdwfvufayghyg;rIawG
aysmufjcif;rvS aysmufukef&
awmhonf/
&G m wm0ef c H r sm;uawmh
wpf&GmvHk;tESHY vdkufjyaeMuyg
onf/ 'gu aq;ay;cef;.. 'gu
pmoifausmif;... 'gu ukefpHk
qdkif...pojzihf/ tm;vHk; oyf
oyf&yf&yf xnfxnf0g0gyif/
odkYaomf aq;ay;cef;wGif aq;
0efxrf;r&S/d pmoifausmif;wGif
ausmif;om;rawGU/ ukefpHkqdkif
rSmvnf; aps;\ taiGUtouf
r&/ cyfvSrf;vSrf;wdkufwpfvHk;
wGifawmh vloHk;a,muf xrif;
xdkifpm;aeonfudk awGU&onf/
ajym&vQif aus;vufawm&Gm
wG i f vrf ; avQmuf & onf E S i h f
rwl/ jycef;wpfckxJ vnfywf
MunhfIae&ovdk&Sdonf/ &GmESihf
wlaom yHk&dyfqdk jrufcif;pyf
pyfwGif tpmaumufaeaom
Muuf o m;tk y f r wpf p k u d k o m
jrif&onf/
pHjy&Gmav;rSm ]pHjy}trnf
cHxkdufatmif NyD;jynfpHkonf[k
qk d E k d i f y gvd r f h r nf / wpf c k y J v d k
onf/ aus;vuf0dnmOf.../
wHjrufpnf;pk
aemufxyfa&mufcJhonfh
&GmtrnfrSm ]vDcsef}aus;&Gm/
wHjrufpnf;awGvkyfaom&GmrkdY

pma&;oluawmh ]wHjrufpnf;
pk } [l yJ jref r mrI j yKrS w f x m;
vdkufonf/ wkwfjynf\ em
rnfausmf ]]&Gmwpf&Gm? xkwfukef
wpfck}}ay:vpDukd vufawGUt
aumiftxnfazmfaeaom &Gm
uav;yif/ 'D&Gm\ t"duxkwf
ukefu wHjrufpnf;/ &Gm&Sd tdrf
wdik ;f onfyif tvkyf jkH zpfonf/
wcsdKUtdrfawGu wHjrufpnf;qH
vkyf/ wcsdKUu wHjrufpnf;dk;
vkyf/ wcsdKUu tNyD;owfwyf
qif/ wHjrufpnf;wpfacsmif;\
tpd w f t yk d i f ; rsm;ud k tqk d i f ;
vdkuf cGJvkyfMuonf/ 'gaMumihf
]wHjrufpnf;pk}/
wHjrufpnf;pkrSm ],ef;cRef}
vdk pHjy&Gmr[kw/f wu,fb
h 0xJ
u &Gmjzpfonf/ &Gmv,fvrf;r
BuD;rSm ajzmihfwef;onfhwkdif Ekdif
vGefuw&mawmhr[kwf/ *sif;
ausmuf c if ; xm;aom ajreD
vrf;av;omjzpfonf/ vlae
tdrfajcrsm;rSmvnf; ]wdkuf}[k
qkdEdkifonfhwkdif ajreDjzihf o&Gwf
udik x
f m;onfh cyfMurf;Murf;/ qkd
MuygpkdY ]awmwdkuf}/ cyfarSmif
arSmif? wkdufcef;rsm;xJwGif w
ukyfukyftvkyfvkyfaeMuaom
vlawGukdvnf; renf;raem
awGU&onf/ aus;vuf0dnmOf
tjynfhjzifh touf0ifaeaom
&Gmuav;/

onf&Gmav;rSmyif &
awmif&h cJ tcGit
fh a&;wpfcEk iS fh
BuHK&onf/ &Gmom;wpfOD;ESifh p
um;pjrnfajymcGihf&jcif;.../
pma&;olrSm wkwfjynf
a&mufuwnf;u pdwfESpfckESihf
BuHKae&onf/ pma&;q&mpdwf
ES i h f {nf h o nf p d w f . ../ pm
a&;q&mpdwfu pyfpkcsifonf/
vlawGESihf pum;ajymMunhfcsif
onf/ {nhfonfpdwfu tm;em
wwfonf/ tdr&f iS rf suEf mS Munfh
avh&Sdonf/ rsm;aomtm;jzifh
awmh pma&;q&mpdwfukd csdK;ESdrf
xm;cJ h y gonf / wH j ruf p nf ; pk
a&mufawmh wpfrsdK;/ pma&;ol
rSm &GmjyifwiG f aq;vdyzf mG ae&pf
&GmxJt0ifaemufusonf/
pma&;ol t d r f w pf t d r f x J 0if
vdkufawmh NrdKUu ygvmaom w
kwfrdwfaqGawG wpfa,mufrS
ryg/ a&SUa&mufESifhNyD/ pma&;ol
ESihf&Gmom;awGom/ onfrSmyif
pma&;q&mpdwfu Ekd;xvm&m
t*Fvdyfpum;ajymEkdifavmuf
rnfhvludk &Smrdonf/
a[m..awGUygNy/D ky&f nfoefY
oefY vli,fav;wpfa,muf../
ol a wmh j zih f ajymEk d i f a vmuf
&JU.../

]]t*Fvdyfpum; ajymEkdifyg
ovm;}}
]]enf;enf;yg;yg; &ygw,f}}
pdwfxJu vTwfaysmfoGm;
onf/
]]om;u b,frSm t*Fvdyf
pmoifcJhwmvJ/ &GmrSmyJvm;}}
]]csDusdK;rSmyg/ uRefawmfu
txufwef;atmifNy;D ygNy/D tck
wuov
kd rf wufEidk af o;cif &Gm
jyef tvkyfvkyfaewmyg}}
uRefawmf tBuD;tus,f
aysmo
f mG ;onf/ aysmv
f eG ;f vkYd bm
upvdYk bmar;&rnfyifrod/ vl
i,fav;uawmh olYtvkyfudk
om tmHkpkdufvkyfaeonf/ ol
vkyfaeonfu wHjrufpnf;qH
wyfonfhtvkyf/

]]'Dtvkyfu 0ifaiGawmf
awmfaumif;vm;}}
]]wHjrufpnf;wpfacsmif;udk
,Grf 20 &ygw,f/ wpfaeukef
vky&f if tacsmif;wpf&mavmuf
NyD;w,f}}

]]'D0ifaiGeJY pm;avmuf
vm;}}
]]tif; ..avmufygw,f/
'g ayrJh pm;avmufykH /J tdr&f v
dS l

ukef tvkyfvkyf&ifawmh acsmif


vnfrSmaygh}}
]]'DwjH rufpnf;awGukd b,f
oGm;a&mif;vJ}}

]]NrdKUrSm a&mif;r,fxif
w,f/ uReaf wmf aocsmrodb;l /
aus;&GmtkyfcsKyfa&;tzGJUu wm
0ef,la&mif;ay;wm}}
]]tJ'D a&mif;&aiGxu
J om;
wkdYukd tjrwfa0pk cGJay;wmrsdK;&Sd
vm;}}
vli,fav;u vkyfvufp
tvkyfukd &yfvdkufonf/ rsuf
arSmifBuHKUNyD; acgif;&rf;jyonf/

]][ifhtif; ray;ygbl;/
uRefawmfwkdYu vkyfcyJ&wm/
tif;...'gayrJh rusef;rm&if
awmh tcrJhaq;ukay;ygw,f}}
&Gmwpf&GmvHk;udk pufHkwpf
ckvdk pkpnf;xm;onfh oabm[k
em;vnf&onf/ uRefawmfu
xkduav;\ tem*wfpdwful;
ukd odcsifaeonf/
]]om; 'Dtvkyu
f dk wpfouf
vHk;vkyfrSmvm;}}
zswfceJ armhMunhfonf/
tm;yg;w& NyH K ;jyonf / rsuf
vHk;awG ta&mifwvufvuf

abmvkH;r*Fvmaqmif
trsKd ;om;ESpOf ;D onf olwYdk olaX;\ r*FvmaqmiftaMumif;
aqG;aEG;aeMuonf/ wpfOD;u ]]'gwu,fhukd &,fp&mBuD;
jzpfaew,f/ olaX;u touf 90? csrf;vnf;csrf;omw,f/
ol,rl ,frh ed ;f uav; u touf 25 ESpyf J &Sad o;w,f}}[k ajym
vkdufonf/
usefwpfOD;u ]]tJ'Dvdk r*FvmaqmifrsdK;ukd abmvHk;r*F
vmaqmifvdkY ac:w,fuG}} [kqdk&m ]]bmjzpfvdkY tJ'Dvdk ac:
wmvJ}}[k yxrvlu ar;jref;&m 'kwd,vlu ]]aMomf...
trsdK;orD;bufu tbkd;BuD; puefr,fhtcsdefukd apmihfae&
rSmavuGm}}[k qdkvdkufygawmhonf/

eHygwfajymyg
ukrPDrS trsdK;om;wpfOD;onf if;wkdYukrPDtwGuf rSm,l
xm;aom ypn;f a&muf? ra&mufukd tjcm;ukrP
w
D pfct
k m;
zke;f quf vSr;f ar;onf/ wpfzufu zke;f vufcaH jzMum;ol
rde;f uav;u csKd jraom toHav;jzifh ]][kwu
f yhJ g&Si/f tpfuYdk
&JU eHygwfav;wpfcsuf ajymyg}} [kqdk&m trsdK;om;uvnf;
rd;k r&G 0rf;omt,fvjJ zihf if;\[ef;zke;f eHygwfuakd jymav
&m zkef;xJu rdef;uav;u ]]r[kwfbl;&Sifh? &SifwkdYypnf;rSm
xm;wJh abmufcsmeHygwfudk ar;aewmyg}} [k jyefajymyg
onf/
awmuf q J ? tm;&S d t m;uk e f
acgif;&rf;jyonf/
uRefawmfhrSm wkwfjynf

BuD ; \ tem*wf u k d vS r f ; jrif


vdkuf&ovdk &Sdawmhonf/
(qufvufazmfjyygrnf)

Vol.11,
Vol.9, No.48
No.29 February
October 77, 2010
, 2013

rkwr yifv,fauGUukd Ramsar tzGUJ todtrSwjf yKa&wdraf 'otjzpf obm0xdef;odrf;a&;


e,fajrrsm;udk
owfrSwf&ef ajr{&d,mtus,ft0ef; owfrSwfa&;tzGJUzGJU
vkdtyfovdk
xyfrHwnfaxmifoGm;rnf
tdjzLrGef

aejynfawmf?
azazmf0g&D-2
jrefrmEkdifiHwGif Ramsar Site
tzGJU\ todtrSwfjyK 'kwd,
ajrmufa&wdrfa'o (Ramsar
Site )tjzpf owfrSwf&ef vsm
xm;aom rkwr yifv,fauGU\
e,fajr{&d,m tus,ft0ef;
owf r S w f & ef e,f a jr{&d , m
owfrSwfa&;tzGJUudk aejynf
awmfywf 0ef;usix
f ed ;f odr;f a&;
ES i h f opf a wma&;&m 0ef B uD ;
XmeHk;wGif ,aeY zGJUpnf;vkduf
aMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/

,if;tzGJUtpnf;wGif t
&yfbufvlYtzGJUtpnf;rsm;? Ekdif
iHwum vlrIa&; tzGJUtpnf;
rsm;? ,if ; e,f a jrES i f h ouf

qkdifaom jynfe,ftpkd;&udk,f
pm; vS,frsm;ESihf 0efBuD;Xmersm;
ESihf zGJUpnf;rnfjzpfaMumif; 0ef;
usif om;iSufXmerS TefMum;
a&;rSL; OD;0if;EkdifaZmfu ajym
Mum;onf/
rkwr yifv,fauGU Ramsar Site owfrSwfonfh {&d,m
xJwGif &efukefwkdif;a'oBuD;
ESihf yJcl;wkdif;a'oBuD;? rGefjynf
e,fwdkY&Sd NrdKUe,faygif; ukd;NrdKU
e,fwdkYyg0ifNyD; ,ckvuf&SdwGif
,if;a'owdkY qm;vkyfuGuf
rsm;? v,fuGif;rsm;? ykpGefuef?
ig;uefrsm; vkyfukdifMuonf/

,if;a'oudk a*[pepf
xdef;odrf;a&;twGuf Ramsar
Site tjzpf owfrSwf&ef vsm
xm;aomfvnf; pku
d yf sKd ;a&;? arG;

jrLa&;ESihf tjcm;pD;yGm;a&;vkyf
ief;rsm; rlvtwkid ;f vkyu
f idk cf iG fh
&rnfjzpfaMumif; Ramsar Site
{&d,mowfrSwfvdkufjcif;onf
obm0xdef;odrf;a&;e,fajr
owfrSwfjcif;ESifh rwlnDaom
aMumifh em;vnfrIrvGJrSm;ap
jcif;aMumihf 0ef;usifom;iSuf
XmerS txufygyk*dKvfuajym
onf/
,if;a'oonf ywf0ef;
usifxdef;odrf;a&;ESihf opfawm
a&;&m0efBuD;Xme vufatmuf
&Sd ajrtoHk;csjcif;ESihf oufqkdif
rIr&SdaomaMumihf Ramsar Site
ajr{&d,mowfrSwf&ef tcuf
tcJrsm;&Sdaeonf[k urmha&
wdraf 'oESifh rkwr yifv,fauGU
Ramsar Site owf r S w f a &;

tvkyfHkaqG;aEG;yGJrSod&onf/
urmay:wGif taumifa&
240 ESifh 400tMum; usef&Sdae
aom rsKd;okOf;vkeD;yg;tE&m,f
usa&mufaeaom a&aysmf a&
anmifhEIwf0dkif;iSufrsKd;pdwf wpf
rsKd;udk jrefrmEdkifiH\ 'kwd,
ajrmuf Ramsar Site tjzpfowf
rSwfrnfh rkwryifv,fauGUa'
oESifh &cdkifjynfe,fwdkYwGif ig;
q,f&mcdkifEIef;awGU&Sd&aMumif;
ywf0ef;usifxdef;odrf;a&;ESifh
opfawma&;&m0efBuD;XmerS OD;
at;jrifharmifu urmha&wdrf
a'otxd r f; trS w fa eY y GJ w Gi f
ajymMum;cJhonf/
]]'Dvdk&Sm;yg;pm&if;0ifiSuf
awG usa&mufusufpm;wmudk
jynfow
l pf&yfv;Hk a&m? txl;o

jzifh tJ'Da'ou a'ocHjynfol


awG us,fus,fjyefYjyefYod&SdNyD;
0dik ;f 0ef;xde;f odr;f apmifah &SmufzYkd
vdktyfygw,f/ 'gaMumifh EdkifiH
rSm&SdwJh xl;jcm;wJha&wdrfa'o
awGukd Ramsar Site tjzpf owf
rSwfzdkYwdk;jrifhaqmif&GufoGm;
zdkY vdkygw,f}} [k ajymMum;cJh
onf/
,ck Ramsar Site tjzpf
owfrw
S rf nfrh w
k r yifv,f auGU
a&anmifhEIwf0dkif; iSufrsdK;
pdwu
f kd ,ckEpS w
f iG f taumifa&
ESpaf omif;ausmf awGU&Scd ahJ Mumif;?
,if;a'oonf Ramsar Site t
jzpf owfrw
S cf surf sm;ESiu
hf u
kd n
f D
aomae&mjzpfaMumif; BANCA
Ou| a'gufwmxifvSu ajym
Mum;onf/

yJcl;kd;rwGif qifxdef;odrf;a&; obm0e,fajrwpfck owfrSwf


ckdifckdifpdk;
&efukef? azazmf0g&D-1
awmqif d k i f; rsm; w&m;r0if
owfjzwfjcif;ESifh vlESifhqif y#d
yujzpfyGm;rI avsmhenf;ap&ef
yJcl;dk;rwGif qifxdef;odrf;a&;
obm0e,fajrwpfck owfrSwf
vkdufaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/

obm0 ywf0ef;usifESifh
ZD0rsKd;pkH rsKd;uJGrsm; umuG,f&ef
yJcl;wkdif; a'oBuD;? yJcl;dk;r&Sd
ajrmufZmr&D qifxdef;odrf;a&;
obm0e,fajrudk NyD;cJhaomESpf
'DZifbmvqef;u pwifowf
rSwfcJhNyD; ,if;obm0e,fajr
onf tus,ft0ef; 242938
'or 48 {uESihf 379 'or 59
pwk&ef;rkdif&SdaMumif; opfawm
OD;pD;Xme? obm00ef;usifESifh
om;iSufwd&pmef xdrf;odrf;a&;
Xme TefMum;a&;rSL; OD;0if;Ekdif
aomfu ajymMum;onf/

tqkdyg obm0e,fajr
wGif qifaumifa& wkd;yGm;vm
ap&ef? awmifqifdkif;ESifh awm
kdif;wd&pmefrsm; usufpm;&m
a'orsm;tm; xde;f odr;f umuG,f
&efESifh tm&SqifESifhywfouf
onfh odyHqkdif&m avhvmjcif;
ESifh okawoevkyfief;rsm;udk
vkyfaqmif&ef &nf&G,faMumif;
if;u qufvufajymonf/
]]qifrsK;d pdwf ow0gawG eJY
ywfouf&if OD;pm;ay;xde;f odr;f
wJh EkdifiHwpfEkdifiH jzpfw,f/

ae&m usOf;ajrmif;&Sm;yg;vm
jcif;ESifh awmqifdkif;rsm;udk
w&m;r0if owf j zwf j cif ; wk d Y
onfvnf; qifxdef;odrf;a&;
vkyfief;rsm;twGuf t"dupdef
ac:rI j zpf a Mumif ; OD ; 0if ; Ek d i f
aomfu ajymonf/

2012 Mo*k w f r S 2013
Zefe0g&Dvqef;txd {&m0wD

&efukef?
azazmf0g&D-2
obm0awmrsm;ESifh awmdkif;
wd&pmefrsm;\ a*[pepfrsm;
xde;f odr;f umuG,f apmifah &Smuf
&ef vdktyfonfh ae&mrsm;udk
obm0xdef;odrf;a&; e,fajr
tjzpf xyfrHwnfaxmifoGm;
rnf[k opfawmOD;pD;XmerS o
wif;&&Sdonf/
opfawmOD;pD;XmerS 2012
ckESpf 'DZifbmvwGif obm0
xdef;odrf;a&;e,fajrtjzpf yJcl;
wkid ;f a'oBuD;? yJc;l d;k r&Sd ajrmuf
Zmr&D qifxdef;odrf;a&; obm
0e,fajrudk xyfro
H wfrw
S v
f u
dk f
NyD; ,if;e,fajrwGif qif? usm;?
opf? tif;usm;? ajymif? pkdif? 0uf
0H? awmqdwfwdkYudk t"duum
uG,foGm;rnf[k opfawmOD;pD;
Xme obm00ef;usifESifh om;
iSufwd&pmefxdef;a&;XmerS OD;
0if;Ekdifaomfu ajymonf/

jrefrmEkdifiHwGif ,cift
qdkjyK owfrSwfxm;onfh obm
0 xdef;odef;a&;e,fajr ckepf
ck&SdNyD; ,ckxyfwkd;rnfh ajrmuf
Zmr&D obm0xd e f ; od r f ; a&;
e,fajrwnfaxmifNyD;ygu pkpk
aygif; EkdifiH{&d,m\ 6 &mcdkif
EIef;ausmf&Sdvmrnfjzpfonf/
trsKd;om; opfawmu@
yifr pDru
H ed ;f udk 2001 ckEpS w
f iG f
a&;qJcG NhJ y;D Ekid if \
H 10 &mcdik Ef eI ;f
udk obm0e,fajrtjzpf aqmif
&Guf&ef &nfrSef;csuf xm;&SdcJh
jcif;jzpfonf/

vuf&SdumvwGif wnf
axmifNyD; obm0xde;f odr;f a&;
e,fajr 35 ckESifh tqkdjyK obm
0xdef;odrf;a&; e,fajr 8 ck&Sd
aMumif; od&onf/

"mwfykH-Ayudamyanmartravel.com

NrdKUa[0efqifpcef;twGif;&Sd qifrsm;ukd awGU&pOf

b,fvykd J xde;f odr;f ? jy|mef;xm;


wJ h Oya'awG u d k wd w d u sus
vkdufemzdkY vkdw,f}}[k xl;azmif
a';&Sif;rS obm0ywf0ef;usif
xdef;odrf;a&; ynm&SifOD;odef;
atmifu ajymonf/
jrefrmEkdifiHwGif obm0
awmrsm;tm; ajrtok H ; csrI
ajymif;vJjcif;aMumifh pm;usuf

cdkifckdifpdk;

wkdif;a'oBuD;twGif; qifav;
aumif OD;uif;jywf aoqkH;rI
jzpfyGm;cJhNyD; Zefe0g&D 28 &uf
wGif yJcl;wkdif;? ausmufwHwm;
NrdKUe,f bkdif;'g;BudK;0kdif;trSwf
(109) wGif awmqifdkif;wpf
aumiftm; ypfcwfrIjzpfyGm;cJh
onf/ odkYaomf ywf0ef;usif
xdef;odrf;a&;ESifh opfawma&;

&m0efBuD;Xme taejzifh 2012


ckESpftwGif; qifESifh ywfouf
onfh ta&;,lrIokH;rIom &SdcJh
aMumif; ,if;XmerS od&onf/
jrefrmEkdifiHwGif qifxdef;
odrf;onfh ab;rJhawmrsm;rSm
ppfudkif;wkdif;a'oBuD;twGif;
tavmif;awmfuy trsKd;
om;O,smOf? &cdkifjynfe,fwGif

&ckdifdk;r qifab;rJhawm? rE
av; wkdif;a'oBuD;wGif a&TO
a'gif;awmdkif; wd&pmef ab;rJh
awm? ucsijf ynfe,f [l;aumif;
csKid 0hf rS ;f awmdik ;f wd&pmef ab;
rJhawmrsm;jzpfNyD; ,ckajrmuf
Zmr&D qifxed ;f odr;f a&; obm0
e,fajr tygt0if ig;ck&Sdvm
rnfjzpfonf/

Vol.11,
Vol.9, No.48
No.29 February
October 77, 2010
, 2013

EkdifiHwum c&D;oGm;jrifhwifa&;yJGrsm;wGif jrefrmrsufESmyef;yGifhvm


cdkifcsKd
&efukef?
Zefe0g&D-1
tdEd,EkdifiHwGif Zefe0g&Dvukef
ydik ;f u usi;f ycJah om Ekid if w
H um
c&D;oGm;aps;uGufjrifhwifa&;
wGif tdr&f iS Ef idk if x
H uf {nfo
h nf
tjzpf wuf a &muf v maom
jrefrmEkdifiHrS udk,fpm;vS,frsm;
udkom EkdifiHwum c&D;oGm;vkyf
ief;&Sifrsm; pdwf0ifwpm; pkNyHK
ar;jref;aeonfukd awGU&onf/
xdkyJGudk tdEd,EkdifiH *l[Gm
[wDjynfe,f(Guwahati) Zef
e0g&D 18 &ufrS 20 &uftxd
usif;ycJhonf/ yJGodkY EkdifiHaygif;
(26)EkdifiHrS udk,fpm;vS,f (70)

ausmf wufa&mufcJhMuonf/
]]orwtdkbm;rm; jrefrm
EkdifiHudk vmNyD;uwnf;u uRef
awmfwdkY EkdifiHuvlawG jrefrm
EkdifiHudk t&rf;oGm;vnfcsifMu
w,f/ jrefrmvlrsKd;? "avh? t
usifhpkdufeJY jyKjyifajymif;vJae
wmawGukdjrifcsiMf uw,f/tdE,
d
Ekid if rH mS u rGeb
f idk ;f ? a'vDeYJ *g,m
avmufyJpdw0f ifpm;p&m &Sw
d ,f/
tifwmeufu Munf&h wmawmh
jrefrmEkid if u
H awmfawmfvw
S ,f/
uRefawmfuawmh tdEd,EkdifiH
xuf jrefrmEkdifiHudk ydkpdwf0if
pm;w,f}} [k tar&duefEkdifiH
ud,
k pf m;jyKvm a&mufonfh uk,
d f
pm;vS,f Mr.David Lyons u

ajymonf/
xdyk w
GJ iG f jrefrmEkid if \
H tdrf
eD;csif;EkdifiHrsm;jzpfaom vmtkd?
uar m 'D ; ,m;ES i f h vuf & S d w G i f
c&D;oGm;vkyfief; atmifjrifrI
&&Sdaeaom xkdif;EkdifiHxufyif
jrefrmudk ,fpm;vS,frsm;tm;
0dik ;f 0ef;ar;jref;aeonfukd awGU
jrif&onf/
]]'DyJGudk wufa&mufvmwJh
EkdifiHaygif; 26 EkdifiHu Tour
Operator awGu jrefrmEkdifiH&JU
c&D;pOfawG? jrefrmEkdifiH&JU c&D;
oGm; vkyfief;taMumif; EkdifiH
csi;f tvku
d f vma&mufvnfywf
vkw
d hJc&D;pOfawG/ 'gawGukdt&rf;
pdw0f ifwpm;eJY ar;jref;pkpH rf;Mu

w,f}} [k jrefrmc&D;oGm;ukrP
D
wpfckjzpfaom World Ques
Tourism International ukrP
D
\ refae*si;f 'gdu
k w
f m OD;armif
armifu ajymonf/
uarm'D;,m;ud,
k pf m;vS,f
wpfO;D jzpfonfhrpwm Kim Chan
Lekha u ]]jrefrmEki
d if u
H t&if
eJY vk;H 0rwlb;l / t&rf;wkd;wuf
vmw,f/ uReaf wmfwu
Ykd jrefrm
EkdifiHudk urmch &D;oGm;csipf &m t
aumif;qk;H xJuwpfct
k jzpf owf
rSwfxm;w,f/ 'gwifrubl;
jrefrmrSm pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;awG
&if;ESD;jrKyfESHzdkYvnf; t&rf;pdwf
0ifpm;w,f}} [k ajymonf/
,cifu *smreDtp&Sdonfh

Oa&myEkdifiHrsm; xdkuJhodkYyJGrsm;
usi;f y&mwGif jrefrmEkid if q
H v
kd Qif
xkid ;f Ekid if ?H tdE,
d Ekid if w
H EYkd iS hf e,f
edrdwfjcif; xdpyfaeaom EkdifiH
jzpfaMumif; &Si;f jyonfw
h idk f rod
olrsm;&Sad Mumif; odaYk omf ,ckyGJ
jrefrmEkid if q
H o
dk nfrmS rnfonhf
ae&mwGi&f adS Mumif;ESihf Ekid if \
H t
ajctae rnfo&Ykd adS Mumif;udyk if
&Sif;jyae&ef rvdkawmhaMumif;
OD;armifarmifu ajymonf/
]]uRefawmf jrifawGU&wm
awmh jref r mEk d i f i H o m; wpf
a,muftay: EkdifiHwumu
qufqaH &; ajymif;vJvmw,f/
jyKjyifajymif;vJaewJh uRefawmf
wdkY EkdifiH&JUtaMumif; pdwf0if

wpm; ar;Muw,f/ vmr,fh t


em*wfrmS jrefrmEkid if &H UJ c&D;oGm;
vkyfief;u tckxuf ydkrdkatmif
jrifrSm aocsmw,f}} [k EkdifiHw
umyJGrsm;odkY tBudrfaygif;rsm;
pGm wufa&mufz;l onfh OD;armif
armifu qufvufo;Hk oyfajym
Mum;onf/

blwefEkdifiHom; rpwm
Tshetem Norbu u if ; wk d Y
EkdifiHom;rsm;taejzifh jrefrm
Ekid if o
H Ykd oGm;a&mufvnfywf&ef
,cifu pdw0f ifpm;rI r&Sad Mumif;?
odkYaomf ,cktcgwGif jrefrm
EkdifiHc&D;pOfudk xnfhoGif;a&;qJG
xm;onfaMumif; ajymonf/
pmrsufESm(18)odkY

tif;av;&Sdpm;aomufqdkifESihf aetdrfrsm; jynfwGif;? jynfy{nhfonfrsm;tm; tcef;zJGU iSm;&rf;


atmifol&
&efukef?
Zefe0g&D -30
tif;av;a'o&Sd pm;aomuf
qkdifrsm;ESihf vlaetdrftcsKdUwGif
tcef;rsm; zJGUpnf; EdkifiHjcm;
om;{nhfonfrsm;ESihf jynfwGif;
c&D;oGm;rsm; wnf;cdkaexdkif&ef
twGuf iSm;&rf;vmaMumif; o
wif;&&Sdonf/
tif;av;ueftwGi;f &Sd aiG
0ifawmifpm;aomufqikd w
f iG ft
cef;ajcmufcef;ESihf a&Ttif;om;
rdom;pkydkif tdrfBuD;wpfvHk;wGif
tcef; 10 cef;zJGU tcef;iSm;
vmMuaMumif; tif;av;Zkef c&D;
oGm;vkyif ef;&Sirf sm;toif; Ou|
OD;aZmfaX;atmifu ajymMum;

onf/
]]tckyu
J Reaf wmfomG ;Munhf
NyD; jyefvmwm/ tcef;awGu
aumif ; w,f / Ed k i f i H j cm;om;
xm;vdkY&w,f/ eHeufpmvnf;
auR;w,f}} [k xdktcef;rsm;udk
Zefe0g&Dv 30 &uf eHeufu oGm;
a&mufMunhf cI ahJ om OD;aZmfaX;
atmifu ajymonf/
{nfhonfrsm;vma&mufrI
jrifw
h ufcsed w
f iG f tcef;r&onfh
aersm; bkef;awmfBuD;ausmif;
rsm;ESifhaetdrfrsm;wGif wnf;cdk
rnfhtpm; ,ckuJhodkY tcef;zGJU
vufcHay;onfhtwGuf aus;Zl;
wif&rnfjzpfaMumif; GIC [dk
w,frS wm0ef&Sdol wpfOD;u
ajymonf/

tif;av;uefodkY vma&mufvnfywfaom urmvSnfhc&D;oGm;rsm;udk awGU&pOf

odkYaomf [dkw,fESifh c&D;


oGm;vma&;0efBuD;Xmeurl [dk

w,fvikd pf if&o
dS rl sm;udo
k m Edik if H
jcm;om;rsm;udk wnf;cdck iG jhf yKxm;

"mwfyHk - a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

cJo
h nf/
tqdyk g pm;aomufqikd Ef iS fh

tdrw
f iG zf iG x
hf m;aom tcef;rsm;
\ tcef;caps;EIef;rSm usyf oHk;
aomif;cJrG S av;aomif;ausmx
f d
&SdaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
jrefrmEkdifiHodkY Ekid if jH cm;om;
0ifa&mufrI jrifhwufvmcJhNyD;
aemuf &efukef? rEav;? tif;
av;ESifh yk*aH 'owdw
Yk iG f [dw
k ,f
tcef;rsm; rvHkavmufojzihf
tcef;caps;EIe;f rsm;rSmaps;wuf
vmonf/
NyD;cJhonfhESpfwGif &efukef
avqdy0f ifaygufrS Edik if jH cm;om;
c&D ; onf ig;od e f ; ig;aomif ;
ausmf 0ifa&mufcJhNyD; 2011 ck
ESpfESihf EIdif;,SOfygu ESpfodef;cefY
ydkrdk0ifa&mufvmcJhaMumif; o
wif;&&Sdonf/

43

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

Cartoon

44

Asia

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

e,fajrusL;ausmfrIrsm;udk ckcH&ef jyifqifxm;&rnf[k *syef0efBuD;csKyf ajymMum;


wkdusdK?azazmf0g&D-2
*syef0efBuD;csKyf &SifZkdtmab;
onf wkwfESihf e,fajrykdifeuf
rsm; tjiif;yGm;rI jyif;xefae
aom uRe;f rsm;teD;&Sd tdu
k eD m0g
a'ookdY oGm;a&mufcJhpOf *syef
onf usL;ausmfapmfum;rIrsm;
ukd ckcH&ef jyifqifxm;&rnfjzpf
aMumif; ajymMum;vdkufonf/
0efBuD;csKy\
f ,ckrw
S cf suf
rsm;onf rMumao;rDu q,f
pkESpfwpfcktwGif; *syeftpdk;
&u umuG,fa&;toHk;p&dwf
wdk;jrihf&ef twnfjyKNyD;aemuf
yk d i f ; ta&S U wk w f y if v ,f t
wG i f ; tjiif ; yG m ;uRef ; rsm;ud k

umuG , f & ef &S i f ; vif ; pG m &nf


&G,fazmfjyvkdufjcif;vnf;jzpf
onf / tk d u D e m0guRef ; rBuD ;
ay:&Sd em[m *syefavwyf t
ajcpkdufpcef;wGif wyfom; 700
cefYtm; rdefYcGef;ajymMum;&m
]]uRefawmfwkdY wkdif;jynfudk 0ef;
&HaewJh vHkNcHKa&;tajctaeu
ykdwkd;NyD; wif;rmvmaeygw,f/
usL;ausmf a pmf u m;rI a wG [ m
uRef a wmf w k d Y wk d i f ; jynf & J U t
csKyftjcmtmPmukda&m uRef
awmfwkdY&JU e,fajr? avxkeJY yif
v,f j yif r S m yg quf v uf j zpf
ay:vmaeygw,f}}[k &SifZkdtm
ab;u wkwfEkdifiHudk xif&Sm;

vl\trSm;t,Gif;rsm;aMumihf rD;I;rD;yef;rsm;
wifaqmifonfh ukefum; rD;avmifaygufuGJum
wHwm;usdK;cJh&[k wkwftmPmykdifrsm; twnfjyK
usefusdK;?azazmf0g&D-2
azazmf0g&D1&ufu wkwfEkdifiHtv,fykdif;
[Deefjynfe,fwGif vl 26 OD; aoqHk;apcJhaom
rD;I;rD;yef;rsm; wifaqmifvmonfh ukefum;
wpfp;D rD;avmifaygufuNJG y;D wHwm;usKd ;cJ&h onfh
jzpfpOfrSm vl\trSm;t,Gif;rsm;aMumifh jzpf&
jcif;omjzpfaMumif; wkwftmPmydkifrsm;u
twnfjyKajymMum;vdkufonf/
,aeYjzpfpOfudk pHkprf;ppfaq;cJhaom tzGJU
rS xkwfjyefcsufwGif rawmfwqrIyg0if ywf
oufcJhaom oHo,&Sdolrsm;udk zrf;qD;xdef;
odr;f vdu
k af Mumif; azmfjyxm;onf/ tqkyd grD;I;
rD;yef;rsm;ESiafh ygufuaJG pwwfaom ypn;f rsm;
wifaqmifvmonfh x&yfum;onf ta&SUydik ;f
usef;pkjynfe,f vsef,ef*ef;NrdKUESihf a[mf*dkYpfNrdKU
wdt
Yk Mum; qufo,
G x
f m;aom ta0;ajy;vrf;
ray:wGif aygufuGJcJhjcif;jzpfonf/ pHkprf;a&;
tzGUJ u jzpfpOfwiG f aygufuaJG paomypn;f rsm;
udk vHkNcHKpdwfcs&rI&Sdatmif wifaqmifvmjcif;
rsdK;r&SdaMumif; qkdxm;onf/
Ref: Xinhua
wkwfEdkifiHtv,fydkif; [Deefcdkif Sanmenxia NrdKUteD; &Dcsef;
wHwm;NydKuscJh&mae&mwGif u,fq,fa&;vkyfief;rsm; aqmif
&Guaf eMuonfukd azazmf0g&D 1 &ufu awGU&pOf/ wHwm;Bu;D \
rDwm 80 &Snfaomtydkif;rSm NydKusoGm;NyD; armfawmf,mOf 6 pD;
udk tysuftpD;rsm;Mum;wGif awGU&SdcJhonf/
Photo - AFP

pGmTe;f qku
d m ajymMum;cJo
h nf/
wk w f o abF m rsm;onf
if;wkdYbufu 'dkiftkd,kuRef;pk
rsm;[kac:NyD; *syefbufu qif
umul u Ref ; rsm;[k ac:onf h
uRef ; rsm;teD ; wG i f NyD ; cJ h a om
ESpf pufwifbmu yk*vdu ykdif
xkduRef;tcsdKUudk EkdifiHykdift jzpf
*syefrS 0,f,lvkdufNyD;aemuf
rMumcPqk d o vk d ,if ; teD ;
wpf0kduf uif;vSnfhaecJhonf/
wkwfav,mOfrsm;onfvnf;
xk d u Ref ; rsm;ay:rS avxk u d k
jzwfoef;um ysHoef;cJhMuNyD; *s
yefbufu ,if;tjyKtrlrsm;ukd
&efprItjzpf IjrifcJhonf/ *syef

tpdk;&onf qifumuluRef;pk
rsm;udk tdkuDem0ge,fedrdwfxJ
rS wpfpdwfwpfydkif;tjzpf rSwf
,lxm;onf/
*syef u rf ; ajcapmih f w yf
onf rMumao;rDuyif vmrnfh
oHk;ESpftwGif; urf;ajcapmihf
oabmFBuD; 10 pD;? ukefwif&
[wf,mOfESpfpD;ESihf wyfzGJU0if
600 ygaom urf;ajcapmihfwyf
zGJUopfudk ta&SUwkwfyifv,f
tm; apmihfMuyfoGm;Ekdif&ef zGJU
pnf ; oG m ;rnf [ k aMunmcJ h
onf/
Ref: AFP

Photo - Getty Images

xkdif;EkdifiH&Sd pD;u&ufbl;rsm;
usef;rma&;owday;pmwef;
tBuD;qHk;uyfxm;onfhpHcsdef &&Sdawmhrnf
befaumuf?azazmf0g&D-2
xdkif;usef;rma&;0efBuD; y&m'pf
qifom0efema&mifu Ekid if w
H iG ;f
a&mif;csaom pD;u&ufbl;
rsm;wGif aq;vdyaf omufjcif;\
qkd;usdK;rsm;udk rlvu aMumuf
vefzY ,
G &f myHrk sm;ESifh bl;\t&G,f
wGif 55 &mckdifEIef;cefY ae&m,l
azmfjycJh&mrS 85 &mcdkifEIef;txd
ae&m,l a zmf j yawmh r nf j zpf
aMumif; ajymMum;vkdufonf/
xkdokdY 0efBuD;u ajymMum;vkduf
jcif;jzihf xdkif;&Sd pD;u&ufbl;rsm;
onf urmwGif owday;pmwef;
tBuD;qH;k uyfxm;onfh pHcsed u
f kd
&&S d a wmh r nf [ k owif ; wG i f
azmfjyonf/ 0efBu;D y&m'pfonf
trsKd ;om;aq;&GuBf uD;xde;f csKyf
a&;bkwftzGJUESihf tpnf;ta0;
jyKvkyfNyD;aemuf xkdokdY aq;vdyf
bl;rsm; wGif owday;pmwef;rsm;
\ t&G,ftpm;wdk;jrifh&ef aMu
nmcJhjcif;jzpfonf/
pD;u&ufb;l rsm;wGif toH;k
jyKrnfh owday;pmrsm; aq;
vdyfaomufjcif;\ okyfazmfyHk
rsm;? uifqm? ESvHk;a&m*g? av
jzwfjcif;? yg;pyfuifqm? vdif
pGr;f &nfcsKd UwJrh ?I tqkwu
f ifqm?

toufIusyfrI ponfha&m*g
rsm;udk tao;pdwfokyfazmf
xm;onfh yHkrsm;jzihf uyfxm;
rnfjzpfum yHktrsdK;tpm;aygif;
10 rsdK;txd &Sdrnf[kqdkonf/
,ckaMunmcsufukd awmf
0ifjyefwrf;jzifh xkwfjyefaMu
nmNyD; &ufaygif; 180 twGif;
Oya'topf touf 0 if r nf
jzpfonf/ urmhEkdifiHrsm;wGif
aq;vdyfbl;rsm; owday;pm
rsm; uyfxm;&mwGif MopaMw;
vsrS m bl ; rsm;\ 82 'or 5
&mckdifEIef;udkvnf;aumif;? oD&d
vuFmrSm 80 &mckdiEf Ie;f udv
k nf;
aumif ; ? uae'g? bl E k d i f ; wk d Y
wGif 75 &mckdifEIef;jzihf vnf;
aumif; Oya't& ruyfrae&
uyfxm;ay;Mu&onf/ ta&SU
awmiftm&SwGifrl xkdif;? rav;
&Sm;? pifumylESihf blEkdif;wdkYwGif
om ,if;okdY owday;csufyHkrsm;
uyfxm;avh&Sdonf/ xkdif;EkdifiH
onf 2005 ckEpS rf pS urmay:
wGif aq;vdyb
f ;l rsm; ab;xGuf
qkd;usdK;yHkrsm; uyfxm;rIwGif
urmph wkwa jrmuf Ekid if jH zpfvm
cJhonf/
Ref: The Nation/Asiaone

45

International

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

uefEdkifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;opf
ygvufpwdkif;orwESihf awGUqHkrnf
&mrmvm? azazmf0g&D-4
rMumao;rDu tar&duefEdkifiH
jcm;a&;0efBuD;tjzpf usr;f opm
used q
f ckd ahJ om rpwm*Reu
f ,f&D
onf ygvufpwdkif;orw rm
rGwt
f bwfpt
f m; azazmf0g&D 3
&ufu zke;f ac:qd
k Nird ;f csr;f a&;
vkyfief;rsm;twGuf rdrdwdkY awGU
qHkaqG;aEG;oihfaMumif; ajym
Mum;onf/
acgif ; aqmif E S p f O D ; onf
Nidrf;csrf;a&;tpDtpOfudk quf
vufxed ;f odr;f Edik af &; taMumif;
t&mrsm; ajymqdkaqG;aEG;&ef
tpnf;ta0;yJGrsm; jyKvkyf&ef
vdktyfaMumif; aqG;aEG;cJhMu
onf[k rpwmtbwfp\
f ajym
cGifh&yk*dKvfu ygvufpwdkif;Edkif
iHyikd o
f wif;Xme 0gzmtm; ajym
Mum;onf/
tar&dueforwbm;&uf
tdkbm;rm;onf Nidrf;csrf;a&;
tpD t pOf u d k *k w pd k u f & S d N yD ;
,if;twGuf BuK;d yrf;tm;xkwrf I
rsm;udk axmufcHaMumif;ESihf yg
vufpwdkif;wdkY\ vuf&Sd aiGa&;
aMu;a&; tusyf t wnf ; ud k

vnf; tar&dueftpdk;&u o
wdjyKrdaMumif; rpwmu,f&D
u orwtbwfpftm; xyfrH
ajymMum;onf[k 0gzmowif;
u qdkonf/
,if;rSm orwtdkbm;rm;
tpd k ; &opf E S i h f ygvuf p wd k i f ;
tpdk;&wdkYMum; yxrqHk;tBudrf
tqihfjrihft&m&SdBuD;rsm; quf
oG,frIjzpfonf/ *Refu,f&DrSm
txuf v T w f a wmf Ed k i f i H j cm;
qufqHa&;aumfrwD tBuD;t
uJtjzpf rpwmtbwfpftm;
Burd zf efrsm;pGm awGUqkcH zhJ ;l onf/
NyD ; cJ h o nh f &uf o w y wf
u EkdifiHjcm;a&;0efBuD;tjzpf
twnfjyKa&;twGuf txuf
vTwfawmfu ppfaq;ar;jref;rI
rsm; jyKvkyf&m 2 ESpfMum &yf
wefYaecJhaom tpa&;ESihf yg
vufpwdkif;wdkYMum; wdkufdkuf
Nid r f ; csrf ; a&; aqG ; aEG ; yJ G r sm;
jyefvnfpwif&ef tqdkjyKcsuf
topf u d k xyf r H w if j yrnf [ k
if;ut&dyft>ruf ajymMum;
cJhonf/
Ref: AFP

pydef0efBuD;csKyf EkwfxGufay;&ef
twkduftcHrsm; awmif;qdk
ruf'&pf?azazmf0g&D-4
pydefEkdifiHwGif jcpm;rIjyem
jzpfay:aecsdefrSmyif pydefEkdif
iH \ twk d u f t cH qk d & S , f v pf
ygwDacgif;aqmifu 0efBuD;csKyf
rm&D,mEkd&m[GdKif;tm; &mxl;
rS EkwfxGuf&ef awmif;qkdvdkuf
onf/
]]pydefEkdifiH &ifqkdifae&wJh
cufcw
J hJ tajctaeudk rajz&Si;f
EkdifwmaMumifh rpwm&m[dGKif;
taeeJY tpk;d &tBuD;tuJ ae&m
ukd pGefYvTwfoihfygw,f}}[k rp
wmyD&uflb,fumbmu o
wif;axmufrsm;tm; ajymMum;
onf/
trsm;jynfol vSL'gef;aiG
rsm;tm; rpwm&m[dGKif;ESihf t
jcm; ygwDxdyfwef;acgif;aqmif
rsm;tm; vQdKU0Sufay;acsxm;
onfqadk om aiGpm&if;v,f*sm
rsm;udk A[dkESihf vuf0J,drf;o
wif;pm t,fvfayhpfu yHkESdyf
azmfjycJhonf/
rp w m&m[d G K if ; u ,if ;
v,f*smpm&if;rsm;rSm twkrsm;
jzpfaMumif;ESihf aiGaMu;wpfpHk
wpf&m vufcH&&SdcJhonfqdkjcif;
tay: cg;cg;oD;oD; jiif;qef

xm;onf/
]]tckvdk odrfarGUwJhtcsdef
tcgrsdK;rSm 0efBuD;csKyf[m EkdifiH
ukd OD;raqmifEkdifbl;}}[k rpwm
l b ,f u mbmu ajymMum;
onf/
]]tpk;d &acgif;aqmiftjzpf
(rpwm&m[dGKif;)quf&Sdaewm
[m EkdifiHa&;tusyftwnf;udk
ajz&Sif;zkdY&m taxmuftulr
jzpfygbl;}}[kvnf; twkduftcH
acgif;aqmifu qufvufajym
onf/
tusihfysufjcpm;rIjy
emrS m tvk y f & &S d & ef k e f ; uef
ae&onf h oef ; aygif ; rsm;pG m
aom pyd e f E k d i f i H o m;rsm;tm;
a'goxGufapcJhonf/ tvkyf
vufrJhEIef;rSmvnf; pydefEkdifiH
'Drkdua&pDpepf jyefvnfusifh
oHk;csdef 1975 ckESpfaemufykdif;
tjrihfqHk;tjzpf 26 &mcdkifEIef;
xd a&muf & S d a eonf / jcpm;rI
owif ; rsm; xG u f a y:vmNyD ;
aemufykdif; vl&maygif;rsm;pGm
onf rp w m&m[G d K if ; \ ay:
jyLvmygwD;kH csKyaf &SUwGif aeYpOf
a'g owBuD; qEjyaeMuonf/
Ref: AFP

csuforwEkdifiH orw

rDavmhpfZDref
&Jrif;
rpwmrDavmhpfZDrefonf csuf
orwEkdifiH orwtjzpf 2013
ckEpS w
f iG f a&G;cs,cf &H onf/ csuf
EkdifiHorkdif;wGif yxrqHk; wkduf
dkufa&G;aumufwifajrmufcH&
aom orwvnf;jzpfNyD; 1998
rS 2002 ckESpftxd 0efBuD;csKyf
tjzpfwm0efxrf;aqmifco
hJ nf/
1990 ckESpfrsm;twGif; csuf
qk&d ,
S 'f rD u
kd &ufwpfygwD acgif;
aqmiftjzpf wm0ef,lcJhNyD;
ygwDtm; EdkifiHwGif t"dutif
tm;BuD;ygwDjzpf vmapcJo
h nf/
1996 rS 1998 ckESpfrsm;wGif
vnf; atmufvTwfawmfOu|
tjzpf wm0ef,lcJhonf/
ZDrefukd ukdvif;NrdKUwGif
arG;zGm;cJNh y;D if; 2 ESpo
f m;t&G,f
wGif rdbrsm; tdrfaxmifa&;NydK
uGcJ ahJ omaMumihf ausmif;q&mr
rdcifjzpfo\
l apmihaf &SmufrjI zihf
BuD;jyif;vmcJhonf/ txuf
wef;ausmif;ukd arG;&yfajrrSmyif
oif,lNyD;aemuf y&yf(*f)NrdKU pD;

yGm;a&;wuodkvfokdY qufvuf
wufa&mufonf/ 1969 ckESpf
wGif bGJU&&SdcJhonf/
1968 ckESpfwGif csufukdp
vdak A;uD;,m; uGejf rLepfygwDoYdk
0ifa&mufcJhaomfvnf; 1970
jynfhESpfwGif 0gaqmpmcsKyft
zGJUu csufukdpvdkaA;uD;,m;
EkdifiHtm; usL;ausmfrIukd o
abmrwlEidk af omaMumihf ygwDrS
xkwfy,fcH&onf/ ,if;udpESihf
twl tvkyfrSvnf; xkwfy,f
cHcJh&ojzihf 1971 rS 1984 ckESpf
txd tm;upm;tzGJUtpnf;
wpfckwGif 0ifa&mufvkyfukdifcJh
&onf / 1984 ck E S p f w G i f
Agrodat [laom ukrPD
xyf r H 0 if a &muf v k y f u k d i f c J h
aomfvnf; 1989 ckESpfwGif if;
a&;om;aom aqmif;yg;wpf
yk'faMumihf tvkyfrS xyfrHxkwf
y,fcH&onf/ 1989 ckESpfwGif
csufudkpvdkAufkyfoHwGif EkdifiHh
pD;yGm;a&;tajctaeudk yspfyspf

ESpfESpf a0zefcJhonf/ okdYaomf


pl;&Saom tjrifrsm;aMumifhyif
1989 ckESpf uwDygawmfvSef
a&;wGif xif&Sm;vmcJhonf/
,if;aemuf rpwmZDref
onf csufqkd&S,f'Drkdu&ufwpf
ygwD (CSSD)okdY 0ifa&mufcJhNyD;
jynfolYvTwfawmf z,f'&,fnD
vmcHtzGUJ 0iftjzpf a&G;aumuf
wifajrmufcHcJh&onf/ 1993 ck
ESpfwGif ,if;ygwDOu|tjzpf
a&G;cs,cf &H onf/ aemufyikd ;f ESpf
rsm;wGif CSSD ygwDtm; tif
tm;BuD;ygwDjzpfvmatmif rp
wmZDrefu BudK;yrf;cJhNyD; 1996
ckESpf a&G;aumufyGJ NydKifbuf
Am;uvufuavmhpf\ t&yf
buf 'Dru
kd &ufwpfygwD (ODS)
tm; vlrsm;pktaejzihf tpkd;&zGJU
jcif;rS wm;qD;EkdifcJhonf/ ,if;
ESit
fh wl rpwmZDrefrmS atmuf
vTwfawmfOu|&mxl;ukd &,l
EkdifcJhonf/
1998 ckESpf a&G;aumufyGJ

wGif CSSD ygwD atmufycJG cH NhJ y;D


rpwmrDavmhpfZDrefvnf; EkdifiH
\0efBuD;csKyf jzpfvmcJhonf/
2001 wGif ygwDOu|tjzpfrS
tem;,lcHcJh&NyD; 2003 ckESpf
orwa&G;aumufyGJwGifvnf;
0ifa&mufr,SOfNydKifEkdifcJhay/
2009 ckESpfwGif ygwDtopf
wpf&yf zGJUpnf;cJhaomfvnf;
2010 a&G;aumufyGJwGif rnf
onfhtrwfae&mwGifrS tEkdifr
&&SdcJh/ okdYaomf 2012 ckESpf wkduf
dkuforw a&G;aumufwif
ajrmufcsdef rpwmrDavmhpfZD
refonf yxrtausmh? 'kwd,
tausmh ESpfausmh,SOfNydKifNyD;
csufEkdifiH\orw jzpfvmcJh
onf/
rp w mZD r ef o nf td r f
axmifESpfqufuscJhNyD; yxr
tdrfaxmifESihf om;wpfOD;? 'kwd
,tdrfaxmifESihf orD;wpfOD;
xGef;um;xm;onf/
Ref: Wikipedia

aemufausmzHk; rS

aemufausmzHk; rS

ygupwefausmif;olav; rmvmvm OD;acgif;cGJpdwfukorI cH,lNyD;aemuf jyefaumif;vm

jyifopfppfav,mOfrsm;
rmvDajrmufykdif;
olykefpcef;rsm;tm; AHk;BuJ

OD ; acgif ; cG H x J wk d u f a weD , rf
owKjym; cGJpdwfxnfhay;aom
ukoay;rIEiS fhem;twGi;f tDvuf
x&Gefepf em;Mum;tmHkcHud&d
,mwpfck xnfhay;jcif;wdkYudk
cH , l c J h o nf / ,if ; cG J p d w f r I r S m
atmifjrifpGmNyD;qHk;cJhaMumif;
aq;Hkwm0ef&Sdolu qkdonf/
rmvmvmonf NyD;cJhonfh
2012 atmufwb
dk m 9 &ufwiG f
ausmif;rS bwfpfum;ESihftjyef

aoewf o rm;rsm;\ acsmif ;


ajrmif;ypfcwfjcif;cHcJh&NyD; ol
r\jzpfpOftay: EkdifiHwum
u ukPmoufcJh&onf/ xkd
tcsdefrSp olrudk NAdwdefEkdifiH
wG i f aq;uk o rI c H , l a pcJ h N yD ;
2012 wG i f ol r \trnf r S m
vnf; urmwpf0ef;ausmfMum;
cJhonf/ rmvmvmonf 11 ESpf
t&G , f r S p bD b D p D \ tl & 'l
bmomtpD t pOf w G i f wmvD

befwkdY vufatmuf aexkdif&


aom b0taMumif;ESihf ygup
wefred ;f uav;rsm;\ ynmoif
Mum;cGihf&a&; vIHYaqmfrIrsm; jyK
vkyfcJholjzpfonf/ olr\ pGefY
pm;vkyfaqmifrIrsm;aMumifh uk
vtzGJUBuD;uvnf; Ekd0ifbmv
aemufqHk;&ufudk rmvmvmaeY
tjzpf *k P f j yKowf r S w f a y;cJ h
onf/

rwnf r Nid r f j zpf a tmif ? tm;


enf;oGm;atmif vkyfvkdwJh tp
a&;&JUtcef;u@ ay:xGuv
f m
ygw,f}}[k xnhfoGif;ajymMum;
oGm;onf/
odkYaomf tpa&;ppfbuf
onf vuf&Sd BuHKawGUae&aom
Ncdrf;ajcmufrIrsm;ESihf &efpusL;
ausmfrIrsm;udk &ifqkdifEkdifpGrf;&Sd
onf[k orwtmqwfu tD
&eftrsdK;om;vHkNcHKa&;aumifpD
tBuD;tuJ qmtpf*smvDvED iS fh
awGUqHk&mwGif ajymMum;onf/

NrdKUi,frsm;rS xGufajy;vmaom
olykefrsm; ckdatmif;&m tuf
'g'ufpt
f zD *dk g awmifwef;a'o
odkY 0ifa&muf&mNrdKUjzpfonf/ ol
ykefrsm;onf ,if;awmifwef;
a'orS m yif rMumao;rD ES p f
rsm;twGif; qm[m&a'owGif
zrf;qD;cJhaom jyifopfEkdifiHom;
rsm;tm; csKyfaESmifxm;onf[k
jyif o pf t pk d ; &u ajymMum;
onf/
xkdYtjyif jyifopfESihf csmh'f
wyfzGJUrsm;onf uD',fNrdKUteD;
wpf0kdufwGif tefqm'kdif; ppf
aoG;<ursm;ESifh ypfcwfwu
dk cf u
dk f
cJhMuaMumif; rmvDppfbufu
ajymMum;onf/ xdkYaMumifh jyif
opfo,f,lykdYaqmifa&; av
,mOf r sm;onf *gtk d N rd K UrS t
xl ; wyf z G J U rsm;ud k uD ' ,f N rd K U
avqdyfodkY ykdYaqmiftiftm;
jznfhwif;aeaMumif; od&onf/

Ref: BBC

Ref: Reuters

Ref: AFP

aemufausmzHk; rS

tpa&;u qD;&D;,m;udk rwnfrNidrfjzpfatmif vkyfaqmifae[k orwtmqwf ajymMum;


vuf b EG e f E k d i f i H o k d Y oG m ;rnf h
vufeufwif,mOfwef;udk ypf
rS w f x m; wk d u f c k d u f c J h j cif ; jzpf
onf[k ajymMum;Muonf/ tp
a&;umuG,af &;0efBu;D uvnf;
if;wdkufckdufrIudk if;wkdYvkyf
aqmifjcif;jzpfonf[k t&dyft
>rufajymMum;onf/
azazmf0g&D 2 &ufu *smr
eDEidk if w
H iG f jyKvyk af om vHNk cKH a&;
uGefz&ifhwpf&yf tpa&;um
uG,af &;0efBu;D tD[w
G b
f m&uf
u tqkyd g wdu
k cf u
dk rf rI mS tpa&;
Ekid if u
H ajymonft
h wkid ;f vkyaf om

oufaojzpfonf[k qdkonf/
]]vufbEGefEkdifiHxJudk t
qihfjrifhvufeufpepfawG ay;
oGif;oifhw,fvkdY uRefawmfwkdY
rxifygbl;}}[k if;uajymonf/
qD;&D;,m;orw bm&Sm;
t,fvftmqwfu azazmf0g&D
2 &ufwGif ajymMum;&m ]]tJ'D
wdkufcdkufrIawGuae tpa&;
&J U Zmwd k y f &S i f ; &S i f ; BuD ; ay:
vmygw,f / Ek d i f i H j cm;&ef o l
tiftm;pkawG? qD;&D;,m;ajr
ay:u vQdKU0SuftzGJUawGeJY yl;
aygif ; NyD ; qD ; &D ; ,m;Ek d i f i H u d k

46

Interview

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

Oa&myudk vdktyfygw,f
tD;,lrS NAdwdef xGufoifh? rxGufoihf
NAdwdef0efBuD;csKyfa[mif; wdkeDbvJESihf aqG;aEG;jcif;
ausmfrsdK;
,cktcg NAdwdef[m Oa&my
or*xJ tem*wfumvrSm
qufaervm;? raebl;vm;qkd
wmudk jynfolYoabmqEt&
qHk;jzwfr,fh jynfolYqEcH,lyGJ
0efBuD;csKyfa';Apfuifr&Gef;u
usif;yoGm;zkdY &nf&G,faeyg
w,f/ uifr&Gef;t&if avbm
ygwD 0efBuD;csKyfa[mif;wpfOD;
jzpfwJh wdkeDbvJuawmh tD;,l
uNAw
d ed frxGuw
f maumif;w,f
vdkY jrifoljzpfygw,f/ if;u
tD;,lu NAdwdefxGufwm b,f
avmuftE&m,fBuD;aMumif;eJY
Oa&mytzGJU0ifjzpf&vdkY &&SdwJh
tusdK;aus;Zl;awGudk vspfvsL
rIoihfaMumif; ajymxm;yg
w,f/ 'ghaMumihf if;eJY*smrefp
ykdif;*Jvf rD'D,mwdkY&JU awGUqHkrI
ukd jyefvnfazmfjyay;vkdufyg
w,f/ ar;jref;oluawmh pydkif;
*JvfrS c&pfpwdkzma&Smif&mref
jzpfygw,f/
rpwmbvJcifAsm 0efBuD;csKyf
a';Apfuifr&Gef;[m Oa&my
or*xrJ mS aewm NAw
d ed t
f wGuf
ykdaumif;wJh tajctaeawG &
Ekid v
f rd rhf ,fvYdk ,HMk unfNy;D 2017
(jynfolYqEcH,lyGJ)twGuf jyif
qifaeygw,f/ Oa&myeJY *smref
t"dywd tef*svmrmu,fbuf
u b,fvkdavQmhayghay;csuf
awG vkyfoifhygovJ/
'gukd avQmhay;csufawGt
jzpf uRefawmf rjrifEkdifygbl;/
a';Apfuifr&Gef;&JUrdefYcGef;rSm
uRefawmf vHk;0oabmwlwJht
csuyf gw,f/ Oa&my[m tvGef
BuD;rm;wJh NydKifqdkifpdefac:rIwpf
ckudk &&SdaeNyD; 'g[m uRefawmf
tygt0if tqufqufu NAd
wdef0efBuD;csKyfawG zefwD;cJhwJh

udpwpfck jzpfygw,f/ t"dywd


tef*svmrmu,fu 'Dar;cGef;
awGeJY ywfoufvkdY r[mrdwf
wpfO;D jzpfvmrSmyg/ uifr&Ge;f &JU
rdecYf eG ;f rSm jyemjzpfaewmu
Oa&myeJY ywfoufwmr[kwf
bl;/ Oa&myeJY NAdwdefwkdY&JU quf
qHa&;eJY ywfoufwmjzpfyg
w,f/ uReaf wmfwYkd tckxu
G cf sif
xGufr,fqkdwJh a&G;cs,frIeJY qE
cH,lyGJusif;ya&;udk tm;oefae
wJh tcsuef YJ ywfoufvYdk ajym&if
uRefawmhfrSm tcuftcJawGt
rsm;BuD; &Sdygw,f/ uRefawmfwkdY
ajymaeMuwmu NAdwdef[m O
a&myor*uae xGufrvm;?
rxGufbl;vm;qdkwmukd jzpfae
w,f/ 'gu Oa&myjyKjyifajymif;
vJa&;awG vkyfrvm;? rvkyfbl;
vm;qkdwJh ar;cGef;uae awmf
awmfav; uGmjcm;oGm;aeyg
w,f/
Oa&myor*xJrSm aeae&wm
[m NAdwdeftwGuf odyftqif
ajywJh taetxm;r[kwfbl;/
uifr&Gef;[m tcsdefwkdif;yJ O
a&myudk pdwrf auseyfc&hJ if tzGUJ
uxGufr,fvkdY Ncdrf;ajcmufEkdif
wmyJav/
[kwyf gw,f/ 'gayrJh Oa&m
yuae NAdwdefxGufoGm;&if odyf
qdk;oGm;r,fvdkY uRefawmf ,Hko
vdk cifAsm;vnf; ,Hkw,fqkd&if
'g[m ukd,hfukd,fukd,f ysufpD;
apwJh Ncdrf;ajcmufrIwpf&yf jzpf
oGm;ygvdrfhr,f/ tcsdKUaom t
ajctaeawGrSm cifAsm;ukd qefY
usifaewJh tzGJU0ifEkdifiHwpfckyJ
&Sdaew,fqkdygawmh/ cifAsm;u
vnf; vlawGukd tE&m,f,lap
NyD; uJ...oGm;Mu? xGufMur,f
ajymw,fqkdygawmh/ 'DudprSm
t"duar;cGef;u 'g[m EkdifiH
aygif; 27 EkdifiH&JU OD;wnf&meJY
qkid v
f m;? wpfEidk if x
H u
J usef 26

EkdifiHudk qefYusifaevm;qkdwJh
ar;cGef;ygyJ/ NAdwdefrSm&SdwJh uRef
awmfwkdY[m 'DOa&mytopfukd
zefwD;yHkazmf&mrSm ta&;ygwJh
tcef;uae yg0ifoihfygw,f/
,ldkZkeftusyftwnf;twGif;
'DaqG;aEG;rIawGrSm jzpfaewm
uawmh cifAsm;wkid ;f jynfrmS a&m?
uRefawmfhwkdif;jynftwGufyg
odyfta&;BuD;aewmyg/ uRef
awmfwYdk 'DxrJ mS tjynft
h 0yg0if
oifhw,f/ uRefawmfwkdY[m
udk,hf&JUtajccHuswJh tzGJU0ift
aetxm;ukd xdckdufaprIr&SdbJ
vkyfoihfygw,f/ jzpfEkdifajc&Sd
wmuawmh a';Apfuifr&Gef;
[m wcsdKUaom jyKjyifajymif;vJ
rIawGuv
dk yk zf Ydk wGe;f tm;ay;oGm;
ygvdrrhf ,f/ oabmwlnrD w
I csKd U
&csif&r,f/ &csifrSvnf; &yg
r,f/ 'gawGu Oa&myeJY aqG;
aEG;&mrSm uRefawmfh tawGUt
BuHKt& tHhMop&mawG r[kwfyg
bl;/ tJ'guyJ cifAsm;udk tzGJUxJ
uxGufzkdY a&G;cs,fp&mwpfckyJ&Sd
w,fvkdY xm;cJhvdkYvm;/ 'g[m NAd
wdeftwGuf raumif;ygbl;/
Oa&my[m b,fvw
kd jYHk yefoihyf g
ovJ/
Oa&my[m jyKjyifajymif;vJ
a&;awGudk olYtm;aumif;csuf
awGay:uaeyJ ukid w
f ,
G w
f jYHk yef
oGm;oifhw,fvkdY uRefawmf xif
ygw,f/ uifr&Gef;[m jyKjyif
ajymif;vJa&;twGuf vdktyf
aMumif;ajymwJt
h cg tJ'u
D pd r mS
ol[m axmufcHrIawG trsm;
BuD;&rSmyg/ ,ldkZkeftusyft
wnf;[m enf;vrf;rsdK;pHkeJYyJ jyK
jyifajymif;vJa&;vkt
d yfaMumif;
jycJhw,f/ cifAsm;taeeJY tDw
vDrmS yifpifupd t
aMumif;ajym
onfjzpfap? pydefrSm vkyfom;?
aps;uGuftaMumif; ajymonf
jzpfap 'gawGu b,fjzpfpOfrSm

rqkd jzpfoihfwJh tajymif;tvJ


awGyg/ 'gaMumihf usefOa&my
wpfwkdufvHk;[m 'Dudpukd ukdif
wG,fr,fvkdY uRefawmf ajym&Jyg
w,f/ 'gayrJh 'Dtcsufav;uyJ
uRefawmfwdkYukd ajymMuygpdkYqkd
&if tydkxyfaqG;aEG;EkdifwJh tif
tm;ay;r,f rxifygbl;/ usKyf
wdkY vkdcsifwmray;&if xGufr,f
qkdwJh zdtm;ay;wmrsdK;aygh/ 'Dvkd
qifajcwufrIrsdK;udkawmh odyf
*kwpdkufeJY ajym&ygvdrfhr,f/
bmaMumifhvJqkdawmh Oa&my
[m 'DudprSm oabmxm;uGJvGJ
rSmrdkYyg/
tckcsdefxdatmifyJ Oa&my,leD
,HeJY ywfoufvkdY NAdwdefrSm jiif;
cHkrIawG qufjzpfaeygw,f/ rm
u,feJY wjcm; Oa&myacgif;
aqmifawGuawmh olw&Ykd UJ wkid ;f
jynfawGrSm 'DvkdyHkpHrsdK;awG rp
wif&ao;ygbl;/
[kwfygw,f/ jiif;cHkwm
awGuawmh qufjzpfaerSmyg/
EkdifiHa&;acgif;aqmifawG &Sd&Sd?
r&Sd&Sd vlawGuawmh ajymaeyg
w,f/ wkwf[m Oa&myor*
wpfckvHk;&JU vlOD;a&xuf oHk;q
ykdBuD;rm;NyD; urmhtBuD;qHk;pD;
yGm;a&;tiftm;BuD;EkdifiHtjzpf
vmawmhrSmyg/ NAdwed [
f mvnf;
'DaeYacwfrSm tm;&Sdcsifw,fqkd
&if Oa&myudk vdktyfygw,f/
21 &mpkxJ Oa&mytwGuf t
ajccHtaMumif;&if;u ,cif&Sd
cJhzl;wmxuf ykdtiftm;BuD;rm;
a&;jzpfygw,f/ 'g[m Nidrf;csrf;
a&;twGuf r[kwfawmhbJ tif
tm;yg0gtwGuf jzpfygw,f/
uRefawmfwkdYrSm Oa&myr&Sd&if
uRefawmfwdkY rwdkufEkdifygbl;/
uRefawmfwdkY ykdtm;enf;oGm;
r,f/ MoZmvTrf;rdk;rI enf;oGm;
ygvdrfhr,f/ 'g[m uRefawmfwdkY
trsd K ;om; tusd K ;pD ; yG m ;ud k

axmufyHhay;aewJh trsm;eJY pk
aygif;tiftm;jzpfygw,f/ uk,
d fh
wkdif;jynftwGufeJY Oa&myukd
tpm;xkd;vkdufzdkY r[kwfygbl;/
Oa&my[m twdwfwkef;u olY
[mol wpfckwnf;tjzpfa&m
rSwf,lxm;cJhzl;vm;/
tckusrS olY[mol wpfck
wnf;tjzpf pkpnf;eD;pyfvm
NyDvkdY uRefawmf xifygw,f/
Oa&mytwGuf jyemu odyf
ukddk;&Sif;vGef;vSygw,f/ *vdk
b,fvkdufaZ;&Sif;? vlOD;a&
zGHUNzdK;rI taetxm;eJY enf;
ynmwkdY&JU taMumif;w&m;
awGaMumihfyJ zGHUNzdK;NyD; EkdifiH
tm;vHk;[m jywfom;pGm ajymif;
vJ&ygawmhr,f/ Oa&my[m
NydKifqkdifEdkifrI&Sd&Sd tajctae
rSm quf&Sdcsifaeao;&if if;
&J U vl r I r d k ' ,f y H k p H u k d ajymif ;
vJ&ygr,f/ 'gu ukd,fhvlrIrkd
',f&JU wefzdk;awGudk vTihfypfzkdY
qkdvdkwmr[kwfygbl;/ 'gayrJh
'gu qkdvkdwmuawmh uRef
awmfwYdk ywf0ef;usiu
f urmu
awmh ajymif;vJaeNyD/ uRefawmf
wkdYvnf; vdkufajymif;&r,fvkdY
qkdvkdwmyg/ tckudpu Oa&my
[m vH;k 0uGjJ ym;jcm;em;wJh pD;yGm;
a&;eJY yx0DEkdifiHa&; tajct
aeopfxJrSm quf&Sdaew,fqkd
wm odem;vnfa&; jzpfygw,f/
'gu vuf0J-vuf,mjyem?
tk d i f ' D , k d a vmf * sD j yem r
[kwyf gbl;/ 'gu urmBuD; b,f
avmuf j ref j ref e J Y r sm;rsm;
ajymif;aeNyD; uRefawmfwkdYu
xyfwlusatmif b,fvkdvdkuf
EkdifrvJqkdwmukd em;vnfa&;
jzpfygw,f/
'Dvdk qifajcjyrIrsdK;uawmh tD;
,luae NAdwdefxGufa&;udpudk
ydkxl;qef;oGm;apw,faemf/

uRefawmfwdkY ukd,fykdift
aetxm;eJY r&EkdifwmrsdK;ukd O
a&myuae &Ekdifygw,f/ uRef
awmfwaYkd &m *smreDa&m[m tif
tm;odyfrBuD;ygbl;/ wpfcsdefrSm
tiftm;BuD;EkdifiHjzpfvmr,hf
tif'dkeD;&Sm;[m *smreD&JUt&G,f
tpm; oHk;qavmufukd tom
av;&Sdw,f/ 'g[m ,aeYacwf
xJ uRefawmfwkdY aexkdifae&wJh
urmyg/ b&mZD;? k&Sm;eJY tdEd,
rygao;ygbl;/ Oa&myu uRef
awmfwkdYudk tv,ftvwft
qihf EkdifiHwpfckudk ydkBuD;rm;wJh
tcef;u@uae upm;Ekdif
atmif pGrf;&nfay;aewmyg/
NAdwdefudk Oa&myuaexGufzkdY
kww
f &uf zdtm;ay;vmMuwm
b,fuvmwmygvJ/
&Sdw,fvdkYawmh rxifyg
bl;/ 'gayrJh odyfNyD;tm;aumif;
vGe;f ? toHus,v
f eG ;f wJh vlenf;
pktyk pf w
k pfpak wmh &Sad eygw,f/
tajccHtm;jzihfawmh 'g[m t
rsdK;om;a&;0g'yHkpHa[mif;aygh/
'gaMumihfyJ ,lautif'DyefY'ifh
ygwD&Sdaewm/ olwkdYygwDeJYtwl
oabmxm;? tjrifta[mif;
BuD;awG o,f,lvmaewmaygh/
'grsdK;u Oa&mywpfckvHk;rSm &Sd
aewJh vIyf&Sm;rIawGeJY tar&d
uefrSm&SdaewJh wD;ygwDwdkYvdkrsdK;
twlwlygyJ/ 'gayrJh tqHk;rSm
awmh tJ'gawGu wkdif;jynf&JU
rl0g'ukd rjy|mef;Ekdifygbl;/
NAdwdefrSm Oa&myudk vkdvm;wJh
olawG[m tD;,ltzGJU0iftjzpf
qufaezdkY pdwftm;xufoefpGm
eJYa&m jiif;cHkcJhw,f xifygo
vm;/
uRefawmfwkdYqDrSm tBuD;
rm;qHk; yHkjyifjzpfaewmuawmh
NAdwdefrSm Oa&myvkdvm;wJh ol
awG[m toHus,fus,f rajym
Mubl;qdkwmyJ/ uRefawmfwdkY
ajymaeygw,f/
Oa&myor*uae xGufa&;
udp jynfoq
Yl Ec,
H yl JG usi;f yMu
wJhtcg bmjzpfvmr,fvdkY vl
BuD;rif;taeeJY awG;xifxm;yg
ovJ/
uRefawmf ,Hkwmuawmh
tqHk;owfrSm tD;,lxJaezkdY
axmufcw
H hJ trsm;pk&rdS ,fvYdk ,Hk
ygw,f/ cifAsm;odwJhtwkdif;yJ
qEcH,lyGJawG[m 'Drkdua&pD
pdwfqE&JU rcefYrSef;Ekdifavmuf
wJh ud&d,mawGukd emrnfqkd;eJY
ausmfMum;wmygyJ/ 'gaMumihf
rBuHK&rcsif;awmh tmHkcHEdkifrSm
r[kwfygbl;/ tpkd;&awG vkyf
oifhwmuvnf; tkyfcsKyfa&;
ydkif;yJav/
Ref: SPIEGEL Interview
with Tony Blair, 29 Jan, 2013.

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

jrefrmEkdifiHtaeeJY aoG;Zmwfum;[m ordkif;wpfcktjzpfeJY usefcJhr,fxifygw,f


aoG;Zmwfum;kduful;ol *syef'gdkufwm ukd*sDcsdEkdYESihf awGUqHkjcif;

at;olpH

"mwfykH-a*sarmifarmif(tr&yl&)

*sme,fausmfrrav;&JU ]aoG;} 0wKudk jrefrm-*syefcspfMunfa&;taeeJY *syef'gdkufwm Khoji Chino u 1998 ckESpfuae 2003 ckESpftxd dkuful;cJhygw,f/
'DZmwfum;udk jrefrmEkdifiHrSm &if;ESD;jrKyfESHvkyfudkifaewJh*syefukrPD 99ckeJY jrefrmEkdifiHuae 'kwd,urmppftwGif;u *syefudkjyefoGm;cJUwJh *syefppfjyef 1150OD;
wkdY ulnDaxmufyHhcJhwJUaiGaMu;awGeJY dkuful;cJhwmjzpfygw,f/ 'gdkufwmcsdEdkY[m olYEkdifiHrSm wDAD'&mrmZmwfvrf; 140ausmfdkuful;xm;jyD; olYtouf 59
ESpfupvdkY tck 82 ESpftxd 24 ESpfvHk;vkH;udk aoG;kyf&SifZmwfum;dkuful;rIxJrSm ESpfjrKyfcJholjzpfygw,f/ aoG;kyf&Sif[m 'kwd,urmppfumvudkaemufcHxm;jyD;
udkvdkeDacwfudk ZmwftdrfzGJYxm;vdkY EkdifiHwumkyf&SifyGJawmfawG txl;ojzifh Oa&mybufukyf&SifyGJawmfawGrSm jyozdkYMudK;pm;cJYayr,fU ratmifjrifcJhbl;vdkY
'gdkufwmcsdEdkYu qkdygw,f/ jrefrmEkdifiH&JU jynfwGif;a&;aMumifh dkufjyD; q,fESpfausmfMumatmif HkrwifEkdifcJhwJh aoG;Zmwfum;MuD;[m Zefe0g&D 30 &ufrSm
vTwfawmfu obifaqmifrSm vTwfawmfqdkif&mwm0ef&SdolawGudk jyocJhwJhtqifhxda&mufvmygjyD/ 2013 ckESpfxJrSmawmh aoG;kyf&SifZmwfum;udk jrefrmEkdifiHrSm
HkwifzdkY MudK;pm;oGm;r,fqkdwJU'gdkufwmcsdEdkYeJY q,fpkESpfausmfodrf;xm;cJh&wJhaoG;Zmwfum;taMumif; awGUqHkar;jref;cJhygw,f/

cGihfjyKcsufrawmif;bJ xkwfvTifhaeonfh
wDADvkdif;rsm;ukd befeDNzKd; uefYuGuf
MuLMuL[ef

&efukef? azazmf0g&D -2
aw;qkd befeND zK;d \ ]cspw
f ,f[w
k }f ADp'D u
D m&mtkad uwGiyf g
0ifaom oDcsif;rsm;tm; if;cGifhjyKcsufr&SdbJ wDADvkdif;rsm;
jyoaejcif;ukd wm;jrpfay;Ekdif&ef jrefrmEkdifiH*Dwtpnf;
tkH;okdY pmwifxm;aMumif;owif;&&Sdonf/ pm(49)okdY

aoG;0wKudk bmaMumifh kyf&Sif


dkufzdkY pDpOfcJhwmygvJ/
1990 rSm *syefrSm&SdwJh jref
rmoHHk;ydkifajrudk rpwmtdkEdk
a'&mu 0,fw,f/ tJ't
D wGuf
trSwfw&taeeJY jrefrmjynf
taMumif;kyf&Sifdkufcsifw,f
qdkNyD; uRefawmfhvufaxmuf
'gdkufwmqD a&mufvmw,f/
tJ'Dtcsdef uRefawmfhvufxJrSm
&Sw
d hJ*sme,fausmrf rav;&JU aoG;
0w K bmomjyef u d k ay;vdkuf
w,f/'gayrJhurf;vSr;f cJw
h hrp
J wm
tdEk akd '&mu qufrvkyjf zpfb;l /
Ak'b
momtaMumif;udk bmom
jyefpmayjyKpkwJh toif;wpfck
uaeuReaf wmfu
h q
kd ufNy;D axmuf
pm(49)okdY
yhHw,f/

48

Entertainment

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

tdEd,wGif vHkNcHKNyD; aysmf&TifaeaMumif; &S&Gwfcef;u ygupwef0efBuD;tm; wkHYjyef


a'vD? Zefe0g&D-30
ygupwef0efBuD;wpfOD;u tdEd
,ky&f iS o
f kyaf qmif &S&w
G cf ef;
tm; tpdk;&taejzihf vHkNcHKa&;
pDpOfay;oifhonf[k ajymMum;
cJhaomfvnf; &S&Gwfcef;u if;
onf tdEd,EkdifiHwGif vHkNcHKpdwf
csr&I NdS y;D aysm&f iT af eaMumif; ajym
Mum;vkdufonf/
rif;om;cef;onf tdEd,&Sd
Outlook r*Zif;u yHkESdyfonfh
Outlook Turning Points pm
apmifwGif EkdifiHwGif; rGwfq
vifwpfa,mufjzpf&jcif;ESihf
ywfouf if;\ cHpm;rIukd
aqmif;yg;a&;om;cJhonf/
xkdaqmif;yg; r*Zif;wGif
yg0ifcNhJ y;D aemuf ygupwef jynf
xJa&;0efBu;D &DrefrmvpfutdE,
d
tmPmykdifrsm;onf &S&Gwfcef;
twGuf vHkNcHKa&; pDpOfxm;ay;
oihfaMumif; ajymMum;cJhjcif;jzpf
onf/

odkYaomf tdEd,EkdifiHbuf
url 0efBuD;rmvpf\ pum;udk
y,fcscJhNyD; ygupwefEkdifiHom;
rsm;\ vHkNcHKa&;udkom *kpkduf
&ef tBuHjyKcJhonf/

&S&w
G cf ef;u if;aqmif;yg;
ESihf ywfouf ]]'Daqmif;yg;u
tdEd,rGwfqvif kyf&Sifpwm;
wpfOD;taeeJY tjrifusOf;wJhol
awG&JU tESdrfcH&wmudk a&;xm;

wmyg/ 'gayrJh uHraumif;pGmbJ


ajymif;jyefjzpfNyD; tESdrfcHcJh&yg
w,f}}[k &Sif;jyonf/
Ref: BBC

aw;oH&SifpdefvGifuG,fvGefjcif;
ESpf 30 jynfh *DwyJGusif;yrnf
MuLMuL[ef
&efukef?
Zefe0g&D-30
aw;oH&Sif OD;pdefvGif uG,fvGef
jcif; ESpf (30)jynfh trSwfw&
]]udkpdefvGif(odkY) a0[ifxJrSm
aeawmhr,f}} *DwyJu
G kd azazmf0g
&D 24 &ufwGif trsKd;om;ZmwfkH
usif ; yrnf j zpf a Mumif ; yJ G p D
pOfol OD;yD;ay:u ajymonf/
yav;bG d K if ; oef ; Ek d i f ? uH h
aumfawmrsKd;atmif? cifarmif
xl;? ApfwmcifnKd ? yDwm bode;f ?
wifatmifr;kd ? cspaf umif;? aZmfyikd ?f
NzKd ;BuD;? *a&[rf? LvGe;f 0g? Pf
vif;atmif? qkeo
f if;yg&f? eDecD if
aZmf? ,kZe? OD;pdefvGif\ om;
jynhfNzdK;armif ponfwdkY yg0if
Ny;D ,if;trSwfw&yGJwGif OD;pdef
vGif\ oDcsif;rsm;udkom oDqdk
azsmfrnfjzpfaMumif; od&onf/

jrefrmhavaMumif;rS av
,mOfrSL;wpfOD;jzpfol OD;pdefvGif
onf1970ckEpS fausmw
f iG f ]]rrke;f
aveJY iyvD}} kyf&SifZmwf0ifoD
csif;jzpfaom ]]rdk;ay:rSm aecsif
w,f}} oDcsi;f jzifh atmifjrifcNhJ y;D
touf 18ESpft&G,frSp *Dw
tEkynmudk vkyu
f ikd cf u
hJ m 34ESpf
wGif av,mOfrawmfwqrIjzihf
uG,fvGefcJhonf/
]]wpfcgrS rvkyfzl;bl;/ tpf
udkuvnf; EkdifiHjcm;rSm tae
rsm;w,f/ tckjyefvmwm enf;
enf; MumaeNyD/ vkyfcsifwJhol
uvnf ; &S d a ew,f / taz&J U
oDcsi;f awGukd y&dowf&ifxjJ yef
a&mufapcsifw,f/ tazhudk od
cJhwJholawGuvnf; yJGav;vkyf
zdkY wkdufwGef;MuwmeJY vkyfjzpf
wmyg}} [k OD;pdefvGif\ om;jzpf
ol jynfhNzdK;armifu ajymonf/

49

Entertainment

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

pm(47)rS

aoG;Zmwfum;kduful;ol *syef'gdkufwm ukd*sDcsdEkdYESihf awGUqHkjcif;


tJ't
D axmuftyHeh YJ ky&f iS q
f uf
dkufzdkY uRefawmf jrefrmEkdifiHukd
yxrqHk;a&mufvmw,f/ tJ'D
tcsdefrSm tHhMowmu jrefrmEkdif
iHrSm pmtkyfxJutwkdif; jrif;
vS n f ; awG &S d a o;w,f / av
,mOfuGif;uvnf; wu,fhudk
ao;ao;av;/ *syefu t&rf;
wdk;wufoGm;awmh aysmufqHk;
oGm;wmawG trsm;Bu;D yJ/ jrefrm
uawmh rwkd;wufao;ayr,fh
,Ofaus;rIav;awG trsm;BuD;
&S d a o;w,f / 'gaMumif h uRef
awmf ZmwfTef;jyefa&;w,f/
2ESpfMumw,f/
jyefMum;a&;0efBuD;Xmeuae
Zmwfvrf;cGihfjyKcsuf&,l&wm
cufcJrI&SdcJhvm;/
1994 ckESpfrSm Zmwfvrf;
cGifhjyKcsuf&w,f/ *sme,fausmf
rrav;&JU aoG;0wKudk tajccH
NyD ; Zmwf T e f ; jyef a &;xm;wJ h
twGuf 'Dtay:rSmbmrSajymif;
vJrxm;bl;/ cPcPawmh
oGm;awGUNyD; pum;ajym&w,f/
av;ESpaf vmufawmhMumw,f/
aoG;dkufzdkY aiGa&;aMu;a&; t
cuftcJawG trsm;BuD; BuHKcJh&
w,faemf/ aiGr&vdkY qufrdkuf
bJ &yfvu
kd &f wm ESpcf so
D mG ;w,f
r[kwfvm;/
1994 'DZifbmrSm cGifhjyK
csu&f Nyq
D adk wmh aiGa&;aMu;a&;
ydkif;twGuf trsm;BuD;xyfNyD;
pkaqmif;&ygw,f/ 'D Zmwfum;
du
k u
f ;l jzpfzYkd aiGaMu;taxmuf
tyHhay;r,fh *syefukrPDawG
rpfqlbD&SDwdkY? 0gudkwdkYvdk ukrPD
BuD;awGqDu axmufyHhaMu;eJY
pcJhw,f/ ydkufqHpk&wJh 2ESpf
avmuftwGif;rSm ZmwfTef;
awGvnf;jyifw,f/ 1998 Zefe
0g&D r S m &ef u k e f b l w mBuD ; rS m
&xm;pif;vHk;iSm;NyD; yxrqHk;
dkufuGif;dkuf jzpfcJhw,f/ wpf
um;vH;k pm ukeu
f sp&dwt
f m;vH;k
aygif; *syef,ef;oef; 3600ukef
uscJhw,f/ tpdk;&bufuvnf;
trsm;BuD;taxmuftyHhay;cJh

ygw,f / yxrd k u f u l ; a&;u


awmh dkufae&if;eJY aiGa&;aMu;
a&; jywf v yf o G m ;vd k Y ES p f v eJ Y
dkufNyD; *syefjyefoGm;&w,f/ aiG
axmuf y H h a y;wJ h o l a wG wpf
a,mufNyD;wpfa,muf qHk;yg;
oGm;w,f/
a&G;cs,fvdkufwJh jrefrmokyf
aqmifawGeJY rpwmcsdEdkYwdkY dkuf
uGif;ay:rSm tqifajyMu&JU
vm;/
'Du jrefrmvlrsKd;rdwfaqG
udkcifarmifpdk;&JUtultnDeJY 'g
dkufwmOD;wif,k? OD;vSrsKd;? OD;
atmifviG w
f u
Ykd tBuaH y;tae
eJYyg0ifMuygw,f/ 'gdkufwm
OD;vSrsKd;uawmh tpdk;&ydkif;udk
wm0ef,lay;w,f/ OD;jrifhpdk;u
d k u f u G i f ; wm0ef , l w ,f / OD ;
atmifviG u
f rif;om;? rif;orD;
awGa&G;cs,fwm/ okyfaqmif
rIydkif;? pum;ajymyHkqdkyHk tm;vHk;
wm0ef,lay;ygw,f/
jrefrmtEkynm&Sif'gdkufwm
awG&JU tBuHay;rIeJY rpwmcsdEkdY
&JU tEkynmudk b,fvakd ygif;pyf
NyD; zefwD;dkuful;ygovJ/
bmompum;csi;f om rwl
wmyg/ &nf&G,fcsufcsif;u wl
nDMuygw,f/ uRefawmfh&JU zef
wD ; csif r I u d k jref r m'gd k u f w m
BuD;awGu em;vnfMuygw,f/
uRefawmfhtouft&G,feJY tJ'D
tcsed u
f srS jrefrmpum;oifzu
Ydk
b,fvdkrSrjzpfEkdifbl;qdkawmh
pum;jyefcek pfa,mufeYJ tm;vH;k
u tppt&m&m yH h y d k ; ay;yg
w,f/ 'kwd,ydkif;dkuful;a&;udk
2003 ckESpf rwfv jyefpw,f/
uRefawmftay:pD;uae [,f
&D a umf y wmeJ Y d k u f w J h tcef ;
awG? ppftwGi;f u vufeufawG
qkdvnf; tpdk;&u yHhydk;ulnDay;
cJhygw,f/
tJ'w
D ek ;f u okyaf qmifawGukd
q,fEpS af usmMf umcsed rf mS rpwm
csEd Ykd jyefq&kH awmh b,fvakd evJ/
udkausmfolwifr[kwfyg
bl;/ rsKd;oEmxGef;wdkY? cifpdk;ydkif

10

Top

Movies
in America

wd k Y ? rif ; armf u G e f ; wd k Y q d k v nf ;
q,fESpfausmfcsdefwGif;rSm 0vm
Muw,f/ olwu
Ykd av;awGvnf;
BuD ; aeMuNyD / tBuH a y;xJ u
awmh OD;vSrsKd;eJY OD;jrifhpdk;wdkY qHk;
oGm;NyD/ uRefawmfh *syeftzGJU
bufrmS qdk toHyikd ;f u rpwmEkd
bltu
kd m qH;k oGm;Ny/D udak usmo
f Yl
taMumif;udk trsKd;rsKd;Mum;yg
w,f/ 'DaeY ema&;ulnrD t
I oif;
qDomG ;awmh ykpH aH wmh enf;enf;
ajymif;ayr,fh cHpm;csufawmh
rajymif;bl;/ olYtvkyfudk awmf
HkwefHkvl rvkyfEkdifbl;/ olYudk
awG U &wm t&rf ; av;pm;yg
w,f/
aoG;dkufzdkY yHhydk;ay;wJh ukrPD
awG utrsm;Bu;D qdak wmh tusK;d
tjrwfydkifqkdifrIukd b,fvdko
abmwlnDxm;ygvJ/

axmufyhHay;wJholawG
tm;vHk;u vSLwJhoabmrdkY 'D
ay:rSm bmrSajymp&mr&Sd ygbl;/
'Dyk &f iS u
f uReaf wmhf ky&f iS u
f Ref
awmfhtydkifyg/ xnfh0ifwJhol
awG u vnf ; tusKd ; tjrwf
taeeJYxnhfwm r[kwfygbl;/
Zmwf u m;jzpf a jrmuf a tmif
tm;vHk;0dkif;vSLMuwmyg/
'DZmwfum;udk Munhfr,fh jrefrm
eJY *syefy&dowfawGudk b,fvdk
owif;pum;rsK;d yg;csiyf govJ/
ckaemufydkif; *syefrSm ppf
qkw
d mudk odwo
hJ &l mS ;oGm;Ny/D jref
rmEkdifiHtaeeJY 'DZmwfum;[m
orkdif;wpfcktjzpfeJY usefcJhr,f
xifygw,f/ *syefrSm ppfrjzpf
wmMumvSNyDqdkawmh ppft
aMumif; em;rvnfwJholawG
awmif touf 50 avmuf&Sd
aeNyDqkdawmh *syefawG ppft
aMumif; odoGm;MurSmyg/ 'Dum;
u jrefrmjynftaMumif; xJxJ
0if0ifrodwJh EkdifiHjcm;om;awG
twGufawmh em;rvnfEkdifrSm
udk enf;enf;pdwfylw,f/
jrefrmbufuawmh EkdifiHa&;t
ajctaeaMumifh HkrwifEkdifcJh
ayr,fh *syefEkdifiHrSma&m bmvdkY

,ckwpfywftwGif;
tar&duefwGif0ifaiGtaumif;qHk;
kyf&Sifum;rsm;

..................................................................................................................................................

pOf Zmwfum;trnf
jzefYcsdonfhukrPD

pkpkaygif;0ifaiG
(uefa':vm)

jyoonfh
&ufowywfaygif;

..................................................................................................................................................
Paramount Pictures
19691000
1
1/ Hansel and Gretel:
Witch Hunters
2/ Mama
Universal Pictures
48875600
2
3/ Zero Dark Thirty
Sony Pictures
69804000
6
4/ Silver Linings Playbook The Weinstein Company 68908700
11
5/ Parker
Film District
7008220
1
6/ Django Unchained
The Weinstein Company 146237000
5
7/ Movie 43
Relativity Media
4805880
1
8/ Gangster Squad
Warner Bros. Pictures
39725100
3
9/ Les Miserables
Universal Pictures
137546000
5
10/ Broken City
20th Century Fox
15289500
2

HkrwifcJhwmygvJ/
tar&d u ef p D ; yG m ;a&;t
ajcaeaMumifhyg/ *syefjynfqkd
wmu tar&duefudkausmfNyD;
vkyfvdkYr&wJhtydkif;awG&Sdw,f/
jrefrmjynfudk olwdkYu umv
twefMum ydwfqkdYxm;wmawG
vnf; ygygw,f/ aemufydkif;rSm
udkausmfolYudpawGaMumifh Hk
wifvdkYr&cJhwmawG &SdcJhygw,f/
ydwq
f rYdk aI wG odyrf wif;usyv
f m
ao;cif &efukefeJY rEav;rSm yGJ
awmfvkyfNyD; wpfBudrfpD jyocJh
ao;w,faemf/

kyf&SifwpfckvHk; NyD;oGm;
awmh jrefrmjynfudkvnf; jy&
r,fqkdNyD; cspfMunfa&;toif;
u ydu
k q
f x
H w
k af y;vdYk uReaf wmf
yGJawmftaeeJY vmjyjzpfw,f/
tJ'Daemufydkif; orwkyf&SifHk
ydkif&Sif udkaZmfrif;eJY Zmwfum;
a&mif;csa&;udp aqG;aEG;jzpf
w,f/ 'gayrJh bmrStaMumif;
rjyef c J h b l ; / uRef a wmf h r S m aiG
aMu;tcuftcJ&SdvdkY 'DbufrSm
vmjyzdkY tqifrajybl;/ ydkifqkdif
rIu uRefawmfydkifayr,fh rlydkif
cGifhudkawmh uRefawmf r&xm;
bl ; / uk r P D a wG t rsm;BuD ;
axmuf y H h x m;awmh rl y k d i f c G i h f
ud k uRef a wmf tuk e f r &bl ; /
wpfum;vHk;&JU rlydkifcGihfudk vkyf
ief;&SifawG ppfjyefawG trsm;
BuD;ygwJh jrefrm-*syefcspfMunf
a&;toif;uom ydkifqdkifyg
w,f/
tck EkdifiHa&;tajctaeawG
ajymif;vJvmawmh *syefrSm Hk
wifzdkY rBudK;pm;Munfhbl;vm;/
*syefrmS u Hrk jynh&f if jzwf
cscH&rSmqdkawmh uRefawmfu
tukefpdkufxkwf ukefuscH&rSm
av/ uRefawmfh tdrfawG? ajr
awG y g tuk e f u k e f r S m / (&,f
vsuf ) 'gayrJ h jref r m&J U t
ajymif;tvJudk *syefuvnf;
pdwf0ifpm;awmh aoG;udk *syef
u kyf&SifHkawGuvnf; urf;
vSrf;aumif; urf;vSrf;vmEkdif
ygw,f/
rpwmcsdEkdY&JU aoG;Zmwfum;udk
vTwaf wmfu vlBu;D awGu b,f

pkHwJGoDqdkrI OD;pm;ay;rnfh wifZmarmfazsmfajzyJG


at;olpH
&efukef? Zefe0g&D-31
wifZmarmf\ aw;oDcsif;azsmf
ajzyJGudk ,ckESpfwGif pkHwJGoDqdk
azsmfajzrIrsm;jzifh OD;pm;ay;wif
qufoGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; wif
Zmarmfu ajymonf/
wifZmarmfonf azazmf
0g&D 9 &ufwGif jyKvkyfrnfh if;
\ azsmaf jzyJt
G wGuf NAw
d ed Ef idk if H rS
jrefrmEkid if o
H Ydk Zefe0g&D 2&ufwiG f
a&muf&Sdvmjcif;jzpfonf/
]]t ckavmavmq,f yJGt
wGuf oDcsi;f awGukd reufr;dk vif;
uae rdk;csKyfxd Plus Three wD;
0dik ;f eJY oDcsi;f wku
d af e&w,f}} [k
wifZmarmfuajymonf/
wifZmarmf\ azsmfajzyJG
udk azazmf0g&Dv 9 &uf (pae
aeY)nae 6 em&DwiG f &efuek Nf rKd U
trsKd;om;ZmwfkH usif;yrnf
jzpfNyD; yg0ifrnfh tqdkawmfpm

&if; tao;pdwu
f kd xkwjf yefrnf
r[kwfbJ azsmf ajzyJGaeYa&muf
rSom y&dowfudk today;vkd
aMumif; yJGpDpOfol udkyD;ay:u
ajymonf/
]]jzLjzLuawmh avmavm
q,f rwifZmeJYwkdifyifNyD; ESpf
yk'af vmuf a&G;xm;w,f/qdak e
usocD si;f tjyif rqkzd ;l wJh oDcsi;f
av;awGvnf;ygEkdifw,f}}[k
wifZmarmfEiS w
hf zGJ ufazsmaf jzrnfh
jzLjzLausmfodef;u ajymonf/
vuf&SdwGif oDcsif;wkdufaeMu
onfh tqdkawmfrsm;wGif xGef;
td`EmAdkESifh RZmenfwdkY yg0if
aMumif; od&onf/
wif Z marmf \ wpf u d k , f
awmfazsmfajzyJGudk 2011 ckESpfrS
p wpfESpfwpfBudrf jyKvkyfcJhNyD;
2012 ESpq
f ef;ydik ;f u trsK;d orD;
tqdak wmf ckepfO;D jzifh Colourful
azsmaf jzyJG usi;f ycJhonf/

pm(47)rS

cGihfjyKcsufrawmif;bJ xkwfvTifhaeonfh wDADvkdif;rsm;ukd befeDNzKd; uefYuGuf


]]uRefawmfeJUtEkynm&SifawGukd todtrSwfjyKapcsifw,f?
rvTiahf pcsiv
f Ydk r[kwb
f ;l / uReaf wmfwYdk ADp'D u
D t
dk uket
f uscNH y;D ku
d f
w,f/ ,lokH;r,fqkd uRefawmfeJUwkdufkdufqufoG,fNyD;today;ap
csifw,f/tcaMu;aiGukd pdwfr0ifpm;ygbl;}} [k befeDNzKd;uajym
onf/
wDADcsefe,fwpfckwnf;r[kwfbJ befeDNzKd;\ ADpD'Dudk jyoae
aomjynfwiG ;f &Sw
d AD cD seef ,ftm;vk;H udk &nf&,
G jf cif;jzpfaMumif;4if;u
ajymonf/ befeND zK;d u ]cspw
f ,f[w
k }f ADp'D u
D rdk yl idk x
f w
k v
f yk x
f m;jcif;
jzpfNyD; 'DZifbm 9 &ufwGif bkdbkdtifwmwdef;refYujzefYcsDcJhjcif; jzpf
onf/wDAcD seef ,frsm;wGiv
f iT jhf cif;ukd wm;jrpfay;&ef *Dwtpnf;tk;H
taejzifh aqmif&u
G af y;oGm;rnfjzpfaMumif; aw;a&;jrifrh ;dk atmifu
ajymonf/
vdkwHkYjyefMuygovJ/

vlBuD;awGu EkdifiHjcm;
om;wpfa,muf dkufw,fvdkY
rxif&bl;vdkY ajymwJhtay: t
&rf;aysmfygw,f/ 'Davmufxd
BuD;BuD;us,fus,f jzpfr,fvdkY
rarQmf v if h c J h b l ; / trsKd ; om;
vTwaf wmf OD;cifatmifjrifu
h kd jy

csifw,fvdkY *syefudkvmwkef;u
cspfMunfa&;toif; xrif;pm;
yGJrSm toif;&JUOu|taeeJY cGifh
awmif;cJw
h myg/ tJ'u
D ae vTwf
awmfrSm jyjzpfwJhtxd jzpfoGm;
cJhwmyg/
[kwfuJh/
aus;Zl;wifygw,f/

Movie Review
Escape From Planet Earth
bufbf[laom N*dK[fay:wGif tmumo,mOfrSL; paumhcsfrSm
tjyma&mifN*Kd [o
f m;rsm;twGuf ol&aJ umif;jzpfonf/ pGepYf eG Yf
pm;pm; u,fq,fa&;vkyfief;rsm; 0goemygol paumhcsf\nD
jzpfol *,f&rD mS rl pmtkyBf uD;orm;jzpfNy;D Basa tmumo,mOf
pcef;udk xde;f csKyo
f jl zpfonf/ wpfBudrw
f iG f Basa odyyH nm&Sif
wpfOD;jzpfol vDemu if;wdkYN*dK[ftwGuf tE&m,fusa&muf
aeaMumif;ajymonfukd paumhcsfu *krpdkufbJ c&D;ESifoGm;cJh
onf/ if;wdNYk *Kd [t
f m; u,fwif&ef *,f&D wdYk wm0efjzpfvmNy;D
tpfudkawmfpaumhcsf? ZeD;ESihf om;wkdYtjyif if;wkdYN*dK[fudkyg
u,fwif&ef jyifqif&awmhonf/
tmumoodyH? pdwful;,OfoHk;zufjrifumwGef;um;ukd
Car Brunker u du
k u
f ;l xm;Ny;D Jane Lynch, Craig Robinson,
Sofia Vergara wdu
Yk toHjzihfokyaf qmifxm;onf/ The Weinstein Company u azazmf0g&D14&ufwi
G f jzefcY srd nfjzpfonf/

Vol.11,
Vol.9, No.48
No.29 February
October 77, 2010
, 2013

abmvkH;orm;rsm; pdwfBuD;r0if&ef OD;aZmfaZmfowday;


AdkvfAdkvf0if;
&efukef? azazmf0g&D-1
qkaMu;pm;pepfoUkd ajymif;vJNy;D
aemuf cHpm;cGiv
hf pmrsm; wd;k jrifh
vmaomfvnf; EdkifiHhvufa&G;
piftoif;wGif atmifjrifrI r&
&Sad o;onft
h wGuf abmvH;k o
rm;rsm;taejzifh rdrdudk,fudk
txifBuD;pdwfrsm; 0ifrae&ef
jrefrmEdkifiH abmvHk;tzGJUcsKyf
Ou| OD;aZmfaZmfu owday;
ajymMum;cJhonf/
]]udk,fhudk,fudk,f txifr
BuD;ygeJY/ udk,fb,frS ra&muf
ao;bl;qdkwm acgif;xJxnfh
xm;zdkYvdkw,f/ pdwfawmhrqdk;eJY
trSeftwdkif;ajymwm/ b0if
vnf;rjrifeh /YJ &wJv
h pmeJY b0udk
wefzdk; rwdkif;ygeJY/ wdkif;csif&if
rif;wdkYudk xdkif;vd*fu iSm;vm;?
pifumylvd*fu iSm;vm;? AD,uf
erfvd*fu iSm;vm;? b,furS
vmriSm;ao;bl;/ vufa&G;pif
toif; ratmifjrifvdkY olrsm;
wef;wltqifhr&SdvdkU b,furS

rac:wmaygh/ 'gaMumifh t
aumif;qHk;jzpfatmif BudK;pm;
Muyg}}[k azazmf0g&Dv 1 &ufu
tzGJUcsKyfHk;cef;rwGif jyKvkyfcJh
onfU zdvpfyikd t
f oif;ESihfajcprf;
rnfh yPmrjrefrmhvufa&G;pif
upm;orm;rsm;ESihf awGUqHkyGJ
wGif OD;aZmfaZmfuajymonf/
jrefrmhabmvHk;tm;upm;
atmif j rif r I & &S d & ef q k d o nf h
&nf&G,fcsufjzifh 2009 ckESpfrS
pwifum qkaMu;pm;pepfodkY
ajymif;vJco
hJ nfh aemufyikd ;f wGif
jref r mabmvH k ; toif ; onf
oufwrf;tvdkuf EdkifiHwum
NydKifyGJtcsdKUwGif atmifjrifrIt
csKd U &&Scd ahJ omfvnf; vufa&G;pif
toif;rSmrl tIH;&v'frsm;om
BuHKawGUcJh&onf/
a'owGif; tqifhjrifhqHk;
NydKifyGJjzpfonfh qlZluD;zvm;
ESpBf urd q
f uf(2010?2012)wGif
tkypf k tqifrh q
S ufwu
kd f xGucf hJ
&NyD; vufa&G;pif upm;orm;
rsm;taejzifv
h nf; Edik if t
H oif;

twGuf ay;qyfvdkpdwf enf;yg;


vmaMumif; avhvmolrsm;ESifh
y&dowfrsm;uvnf; a0zefvm
cJhonf/
]]ud k , f h u d k , f u d k , f ya&mf
zuf & S i f e ,f u pm;orm; yD o
w,fvdkY ,lq&if? udk,f,lxm;
wJhvpmeJY xdkufwefw,fvdkY ,l
q&if igwdkYrSmwifcJhwJh ta<u;
awGudk y&dowfawGtm;vHk;t
wG u f jyef a y;qyf & r,f q d k w J h
pdwfarG;xm;&r,f/ udk,fhudk,f
udk,f wefzdk;&SdwJh EdkifiHom;wpf
a,muftaeeJU jy&rSm vufa&G;
pifyGJyJ}}[k OD;aZmfaZmfu ajym
onf/
vmrnf h rwf v twG i f ;
&efukefNrdKUwGif vufcHusif;y
rnfh AFC Challenge Cup
ajcppfyGJtBudK ajcprf;yGJtjzpf
jref r mtoif ; onf zd v pf y d k i f
toif ; ES i f h azazmf 0 g&D v 6
&ufwGif ok0PuGif; ,SOfNydKif
upm;&rnfjzpfonf/ jrefrmt
oif;onf NyD;cJhonfh qlZluD;z

&wemykHtoif;tuswHqdyftwGuf xkdif;tcsKd&nf
AdkvfAdkvf0if;
&efukef? azaz:0g&D-2
jrefrmae&Sife,fvd*fNydKifyGJ0if
&wemyHkabmvHk;toif;onf
xdkif;EdkifiH Osotpa ukrPDrS
xkwv
f yk o
f nfh M-150 tm;jznfh
tcsdK&nfESifh tm;upm;0wfpHk
ay:wGif aMumfjimcGifh(tus&if
bwfpyGeq
f m)tm; wpfEpS v
f Qif
uefa':vm ESpfodef;wefzdk;jzifh
ig;ESpfoufwrf; pmcsKyfcsKyfqdk
cJhaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
xdkif;EdkifiH Osotpa ukrPD
rS xkwfvkyfaom M-150 tcsdK
&nfonf &wemyHkabmvHk;
toif; twGuf oufwrf;ig;ESpf
tm;upm;0wfpHkay:wGif aMumf
jimcGifh(&ifbwfpyGefqm) ay;
tyf&ef oabmwlnDxm;NyD;
aiG aMu;wefzdk;udkrl tajctae
ay:rlwnf ajymif;vJoGm;&ef
tpDtpOf&dSaMumif; &wemyHkt
oif;ydkif&Sif a'gufwmpdkif;qrf
xGef;u ajymonf/
]]avmavmq,f yxr
wpfEpS t
f wGuf a':vmESpo
f ed ;f
oabmwlxm;wmaygh/ aemuf
ESpaf wG ta&mif;t0,f aumif;
&if olYudk oHk;odef;awmif;&if
awmif;rSmaygh/ pyGefqmaps;
EIef;uawm h yHkaorxm;ygbl;
oufwrf;uawmh ig;ESpft

"mwfyHk - AdkvfAdkvf0if;

vm;NydKifyGJ tkyfpkaemufqHk;yGJ
pOfwiG f zdvpfyikd t
f oif;ESihf awGU
qHkcJhzl;NyD; ordkif;wpfavQmuf
yxrqH;k tBurd t
f jzpf I;H edrchf NhJ y;D
NydKifyGJrSvnf; xGufcJh&onf/
AFC Challenge Cup
ajcppfyw
JG iG f jrefrmtoif;onf
*ltrf? wkwf(wdkifay)? tdEd,

M-150 ESifhpmcsKyfcsKyf

"mwfyHk - AdkvfAdkvf0if;

Murf;zsif; oabmwlxm;w,f}}
[k azazmf0g&Dv 2 &ufu yghcf
dGKif&,f[dkw,f usif;ycJhonfh
tqdkyg tcrf;tem;wGif a'guf
wmpdkif;qrfxGef;u ajymonf/
2009 ckESpfrS pwifusif;y
cJhonfU jrefrmae&Sife,fvd*f
NydKifyGJ0if uvyftoif;rsm;t
euf jynfyukrPDwpfckrS tm;
upm;0wfpHk tus&ifbwfpyGef
qm &&Sdjcif;rSm &wemyHktoif;

onf yxrqH k ; toif ; jzpf


aMumif; od&onf/
ukefusp&dwfESifh EIdif;,SOf
ygu pyGefqm&&SdonfU aiGaMu;
rSm enf;yg;aomfvnf; EdkifiH
wum trSwfwHqdyfrsm;tae
jzifh jrefrmabmvHk;toif;rsm;
udk pwifpyGefqmay;jcif;t
wGuf 0rf;om *kPf,lygaMumif;
&wemyHktoif;ydkif&Sifu qdk
onf/

jref r m ae&S i f e ,f v d * f
2009? 2010? 2 ESpq
f ufcseyf ,
D H
&wemyHktoif;onf wpfESpf
vQif toH;k p&dwf usyo
f ed ;f aygif;
wpfaomif;0ef;usif toHk;jyK
vsu&f NdS y;D ,ckEpS f abmvH;k &moD
twGufvnf; jynfyupm;o
rm;rsm;ESifh jynfwGif;vufa&G;
piftqifh upm;orm;rsm;tm;
xyfrjH znfw
h if;um jyifqifxm;
onfh toif;jzpfonf/

toif;rsm;ESifh wpftkyfpkwnf;
usa&mufvsuf&SdNyD; rnfonfh
toif;udkrS txifrao;&ef?
upm;orm;rsm;taejzifh uGif;
wGif;? uGif;jyif pnf;urf;&Sd&Sd ae
xdkif&efvnf; tzGJUcsKyfOu|u
owday;cJhonf/ vufa&G;pif
toif;rsm; yg0if,OS Nf yKd i&f onfh

tqdkygNydKifyGJ\ 2012 ajcppf


yGJpOfrsm;udk &efukefNrdKU vufcH
usi;f ycJzh ;l Ny;D jrefrmtoif;onf
tkyfpkatmufqHk;taetxm;
jzifh ajcppfyGJrSxGuf cJh&onf/
]]Ou|u EdkifiHtwGuf?
y&dowfawGtwGuf uRefawmf
wd k Y t wG u f aumif ; apcsif v d k Y
ajymcJhwmyg/ uRefawmfwdkYu
vnf; BudK;pm;oGm;r,fvdkY ajym
csiyf gw,f}}[k jrefrmae&Sief ,f
vd*fwGif uvyf toif;ajymif;
a&TUaMu; usyfodef;wpfaxmif
ausmfjzifh pHcsdefwifcJhonfh vuf
a&G;pifaemufwef; upm;orm;
aZmfrif;xGef;u ajymonf/
rdrdwdkYtaejzifh ajymjyyHhydk;
ay;&efom wwfEdkifrnfjzpfNyD;
upm;orm;rsm;taejzifh rdrdwdkY
tod? cH,lcsuf? pdwf"mwf? t
awG;tac:rsm;jzifhom udk,f
wdkifarmif;ESif BudK;pm;&rnfjzpf
aMumif ; OD ; aZmf a Zmf u quf
vufajymMum;cJhonf/

jrefrmtoif;yJGpOfrsm;udk
tcrJhkyfoHvkdif;rsm;rSom
MunfhIcGifh&vdk
AdkvfAdkvf0if;
&efukef? azazm0g&D-4
jref r mabmvH k ; y&d o wf r sm;
taejzifh vufa&G;piftoif;
\ yGJpOfrsm;udk tcrJhkyfoHvdkif;
rsm;rS tm;ay;Munf h I v d k M u
aMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
jrefrmtoif;onf 2013
ck E S p f t wG u f yxrqH k ; Ed k i f i H
wum ajcprf;yGt
J jzpf azazmf0g
&Dv 6 &ufwiG f zdvpfyikd t
f oif;
ESihf ok0PuiG ;f ,SONf yKd iu
f pm;
rnfjzpfNyD; tqdkyg yGJpOfudk Sky
Net kyo
f v
H ikd ;f rS wdu
k f u
kd x
f w
k f
vTifhrnf jzpfonf/
]]vufa&G;pif toif;yGJpOf
udk tm;ay;csif&if t&ifvdktdrf
uae tm;ay;vdkY r&awmhbl;
aygh/ Skynet &SdwJh vufzuf&nf
qdik f ajy;&awmhrmS aygh/ y&dowf
awGtwGuf tcuftcJjzpfap
ygw,f }}[k vrf;rawmfNrdKUe,f
wGif aexdkifol udkatmifaX;u
ajymonf/
vuf&Sd jrefrmhvufa&G;pif
abmvHk;toif;\ ajcpGrf;ydkif;
taetxm;onf v nf ; y&d
owf t Bud K uf pG J r uf z G , f r&S d

ao;onfhtjyif tIH;&v'frsm;
om rsm;aeonf/ if;tajct
aewGif jrefrmtoif;\ yGJpOf
rsm;tm; tcay;kyfoHvdkif;rS
xkwv
f iT jhf yojcif;onf y&dowf
rsm;\ pd w f 0 if p m;rI t m; jyef
vnfjrifhwuf&ef qGJaqmif&m
wGif tcuftcJ jzpfaprnfjzpf
aMumif; avhvmolrsm;ESifh y&d
owf r sm;uvnf ; oH k ; oyf M u
onf/
vufa&G;piftoif;onf
Edik if w
H um NyKd iyf rJG sm;wGif atmif
jrif r I r&&S d a o;onf h t wG u f
jynfwiG ;f jyKvyk o
f nhf yGpJ Ofrsm;
vnf ; uG i f ; twG i f ; od k Y vm
a&muftm;ay;onfh y&dowf
rsm;avsmhus vsuf&SdaeaMumif;
prf;acsmif;NrdKUe,fwGif aexdkif
onf h jref r mtoif ; y&d o wf
udkbdkbdku qdkonf/
,cifu jynfwiG ;f jyKvyk f
cJhonfU jrefrmtoif;\ EdkifiH
wumNyKd iyf rJG sm;? ajcprf;yGrJ sm;udk
tcrJhkyfoHvdkif;rsm;jzpfonfh
MRTV, MRTV-4 ESifh Channel
7 kyo
f v
H ikd ;f rsm;rS xkwv
f iT jhf yo
cJhonf/

51

Sports

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

&wemykHenf;jy 2013 wGif toif;ESifh yxrqkH;vrf;cGJaomenf;jyjzpfEdkif


AdkvfAdkvf0if;
&efukef? Zefe0g&D-30
jrefrmae&Sife,fvd*fNydKifyGJ0if
cseyf ,
D aH [mif; &wemyHt
k oif;
onf 2013 abmvHk;&moD t
pydkif;wGif &v'frsm; qdk;&Gm;rI
aMumifh toif;enf;jycsKyfjzpf
ol abm&pfbuf*suftm; pm
csKyfzsufodrf;&ef pDpOfvsuf&SdNyD;
if ; \ae&mwG i f 0g&if h u pm;
orm; atmifausmrf ;kd tm; upm;
orm;ESihf enf;jytjzpf ,m,DcefY
tyfwm0efay;cJah Mumif; owif;
&&Sdonf/
]]&wemyHktoif;twGuf
jynfy enf;jyopfwpfOD;udk t
jrefqHk;cefYtyfEdkifzdkU pDpOfaeyg
w,f / enf ; jyopf ra&muf r D
umvtxd 0g&ifhupm;orm;
wpfOD;jzpfwJh atmifausmfrdk;u
toif;udk upm;orm;^enf;jy
tjzpfeJY ,m,Dwm0ef,loGm;
rSmyg }}[k toif;wm0ef&Sd wpf
OD;u Zefe0g&Dv 30 &ufwGif
ajymonf/


,ckESpf abmvHk;&moDt
wG u f jyif q if r I r sm;pG m jyKvk y f
xm;aom csefyD,Ha[mif; &w
emyHktoif;onfh jrefrmvd*fyGJ
pOf(4)tNyD;wGif &rSwfav;rSwf
&&S d x m;um trS w f a y;Z,m;
tqifh(8) ae&m &yfwnfae
onf/ [Hom0wDtoif;udk t
Edkif&&SdcJhNyD; &cdkif,lEdkufwuft
oif;ESifh oa&usum aqmuf
orf;jrefrm? ZGJuyiftoif;wdkY
tm; IH;edrfhcJhjcif; jzpfonf/

toif;\ vufaxmuf

y&dowfrsm;aMumifh
aZ,sma&TajrESihf
aejynfawmftoif;
'PfdkufcH&
AkdvfAdkvf0if;
&efukef?Zefe0g&D-30
tdrfuGif;yGJpOfrsm;wGif y&dowf
rsm;u uGi;f twGi;f odYk t&m0wK
rsm;jzihf ypfaygufrIaMumifh aZ
,sma&TGajrtoif;ESihf aejynf
awmftoif;wkt
Yd m; abmvH;k t
zGJUcsKyfpnf;urf;xdef;odrf;a&;
aumfrwDu 'PfaiGusyif g;ode;f
pD jypf'PfcsrSwfvkdufaMumif;
owif;&&Sdonf/
jrefrmae&Sife,fvd*fyGJpOf
(4) tjzpf Zefe0g&D 26 &ufu
rHk&GmuGif;wGif ,SOfNydKifupm;
cJ h o nf h aZ,sma&T a jrES i h f &ef
ukef ,lEkdufwuftoif;wkdY yGJ
pOfwGif yGJcsdeftwGif; aZ,sma&T
ajry&dowfrsm;onf NydKifyGJ,SOf
NydKifaeonfh uGif;twGif;odkY t
&m0wKrsm;jzihf ypfaygufcJhonfh
twGuf NydKifyGJukd ESpfBudrf&yfem;
cJh&onf/

tqdkyg&ufyif aejynf
awmf(aygif;avmif;uGif;) wGif
usif;ycJhonfh aejynfawmfESihf
[Hom0wD toif;wkdY yGJpOfwGif
vnf; aejynfawmftoif; y&d

owfrsm;onf uGif;twGif;odkY
t&m0wKrsm;jzihf ypfaygufcJh
onf/

tqkdyg jzpfpOfrsm; t
wGuf jrefrmEkdifiH abmvHk;t
zGJUcsKyf pnf;urf;xdef;odrf;a&;
aumfrwDonf aZ,sma&TajrESifh
aejynf a wmf toif ; wd k Y t m;
'PfaMu;aiGusyfig;odef;pD ay;
aqmif&efESihf aemifwGif usif;y
jyKvkyfrnfh tdrfuGif;yGJpOfrsm;
,ckxufydkrdk vHkNcHKa&;tav;
ay;aqmif&Guf&ef owday;cJh
aMumif; tzGUJ csKyu
f o wif;xkwf
jyefcJhonf/
Zefe0g&D 30 &ufu jyKvkyf
cJhaom pnf;urf;xdef;odrf;a&;
aumfrwDtpnf;ta0;wGif ae
jynfawmf-[Hom0wDtoif;yGJ
csdeftwGif; uGif;twGif;odkY 0if
a&mufapm'uwufcJhonfh [H
om0wDtkyfcsKyfol OD;xGef;xGef;
vif;tm; teD;uyfq;kH NyKd iyf w
JG iG f
uGif;twGif;odkY 0ifa&mufBuD;
MuyfcGihfrjyK&efESihf 'PfaMu;aiG
usyo
f ;kH ode;f ay;aqmif&efvnf;
jypf'PfcsrSwfcJhonf/

enf;jy OD;aZmfav;atmifonf
pnf;urf;xdef;odrf;a&;aumfr
wD\ ta&;,lrIcHxm;&NyD; *dk;
enf;jy OD;atmifausmfxl;onf
vnf; toif;rSwpfv tem;
ay;xm;onft
h wGuf 0g&ift
h m;
upm;orm; wpf O D ; tm; ,ck
uJhodkY wm0efay;tyfjcif;jzpf
aMumif; &wemyHt
k oif; wm0ef
&Sdolu qdkonf/
]]enf;jyopfra&mufrcsi;f
udkatmifausmfrdk;u upm;o

rm;eJY enf;jytjzpf wm0ef,lae


rSmyg? enf;jyabm&pfbuf*suf
udk toif;u pmcsKyfcsKyfqdkxm;
wm wpfESpfyg? oleJY pmcsKyfzsuf
odrf;zdkYtwGuf ndEIdif;aeqJyg}}
[k if;u qufvufajymMum;
onf/
2009?2010 jrefrmae&Sif
e,f v d * f 2 ES p f q uf csef y D , H
a[mif; &wemyHktoif;onf
,ckESpf abmvHk;&moDwGif t
oif;atmifjrifrItwGuf jynf

wGif;vufa&G;pif tqifhupm;
orm;rsm;? b&mZD;? cdkat;&Sm;?
MopaMw;vsEdkifiHwdkYrS upm;o
rm;rsm;udv
k nf; ac:,ltm;jznfh
xm;onf/
,ckESpf abmvkH;&moDtp
wGifrS qm;AD;,m;enf;jy abm
&pf buf*suftm; enf;jycsKyf
tjzpf cefYtyfcJhjcif;jzpfNyD; yJGpOf
av;yJG upm;NyD;csdefwGif &v'f
rsm; qkd;&Gm;rIaMumifh toif;ESifh
vrf;cJG&ef pDpOfjcif; jzpfonf/

52

Sports

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

EkdifoGm;wmrsdK; jzpfvmygvdrfh
r,f/
11? azazmf0g&D? wevmF/
tifwm-csDa,Akd
(eHeuf 2;15 em&D)
yausmh&v'f (2-0)
tifwmwkdY tdrfuGif; t
rSwf&EkdifwJhyGJ jzpfygw,f/ 'D
aemufykdif; oa&yGJawG rsm;vm
aeayr,fh tifwm uyfEkdifajc&Sd
aeygw,f/ *dk;enf;ygr,f/
vmvD*g
10? azazmf0g&D? we*FaEG/
&D;&Jvf-qDADvm
(eHeuf 3;30 em&D)
yausmh&v'f (0-1)
&D;&JvfwdkY tdrfuGif;EkdifyGJ
awG qufwu
dk v
f adk eygw,f/ qD
ADvmeJaY wGUwdik ;f &D;&Jvf tdru
f iG ;f
rSwfwrf;aumif;ygw,f/ tdrf
&Sif &D;&Jvb
f ufu ESp*f ;kd avmuf
eJY aeoifhw,f/ tjyeftvSef
oGif;*dk;awGeJY &D;&Jvf Ekdifr,f/

ref,l-tJAmwef? vmZD,kd-emykdvDeJY &D;&Jvf-qDADvm

bmpDvkdem-*Dwmaz;
(nae 5;30 em&D)
yausmh&v'f (4-1)
bmumwkdY tdrfuGif;EkdifyGJ
&Ekid af jc&Sw
d yhJ yJG g/ aemufq;kH xdyf
wdkufawGUqHkrI ig;BudrfrSm bm
um av;BudrfEkdif? *Dwmaz; wpf
Budro
f m Ekid x
f m;wmyg/ bmum
rxifrSwfbJ *dk;rsm;EkdifNyD; ESpf
*dk;tomavmuf&r,fhyGJyg/

yGJaumif;awG Munhf&r,hf Oa&myvd*fyGJpOfrsm;


udkat;jrwf
'Dwpfywf&JU Oa&myvd*fyGJpOf
awGxJrSmawmh y&D;rD;,m;vd*f
rSm Z,m;xdyfu ref,lwdkY owd
xm;upm;&r,fh tJAmwefeJYyGJ?
vef ' ef t oif ; awG jzpf w J h
cs,fvfqD;? pyg;wkdY&JU tdrfuGif;
yGaJ wGukd apmihMf unhMf u&ygr,f/
tD w vD p D ; &D ; atyG J a wG x J r S m
awmh Z,m;rSm 'kw,
d eJY wwd,
ae&mawGuae &yfwnfaewJh
vmZD,-kd emykv
d yD u
JG pdw0f ifpm;
p&m jzpfvmrSmyg/ pydefyGJawG
rSmawmh xdyfqHk;bmumwkdY t
rSwfjzwfxm;w,f qkdayr,hf
&D;&Jv-f qD ADvmyG?J ta0;uGi;f rSm
A,fvDumEkdeJY &ifqkdif&r,fh
tufovufwDudkyGJawGu pdwf
0ifpm;p&mjzpfvmrSmyg/
y&D;rD;,m;vd*f
9? azazmf0g&D? pae/
pyg;-e,l;umq,f
(n 7;15 em&D)
yausmh&v'f (1-2)
pyg;wdkY tdrfuGif;tm;om
csufeJY zdupm;zdkY rsm;ygw,f/ e
,l;umq,f Ekid af jcenf;NyD; pyg;
wkdYuyJ *dk;tenf;eJY uyfEkdifoGm;
ygvdrfhr,f/ oa&jzpfEkdifajc
enf;ygw,f/
cs,fvfqD;-0D*ef

(n 9;30 em&D)
yausmh&v'f (1-2)
aemufq;kH awGUqHrk I ig;Burd f
rSm cs,fvfqD;yJ Ekdifxm;wmjzpf
NyD; wpfBudrfawmh oa&usxm;
w,f/ cs,fvfqD; tdrfuGif;EkdifyGJ
rsm;aewJhtwGuf 0D*efwdkY oa&
&&ifawmif auseyf&rSmyg/
cs,fvfqD;uyJ ESpf*dk;avmuf
&oGm;r,fhyGJjzpfygw,f/
qef;'g;vef;-tmqife,f
(n 9;30 em&D)
yausmh&v'f (0-0)
qef;'g;vef;[m tmqif
e,ftwGuf cufcJwJh toif;
wpfoif; jzpfaeygw,f/ vd*f
&JU aemufykdif;yGJawGrSm tmqif
e,fwdkY ajcrrSefovdk jzpfae
wmaMumihf 'Dta0;uGif;yGJrSm
oa&uszkdY rsm;aeygw,f/ tm
qife,f tvGefqHk; wpf*dk;t
omeJo
Y m uyfEidk zf Ykd &Sad eygw,f/
10? azazmf0g&D? we*FaEG/
ref,l-tJAmwef
(n 10;30 em&D)
yausmh&v'f (0-1)
ref,lwdkY tdrfuGif;EdkifyGJ&zkdY
awmfawmfBudK;pm;&ygr,f/ tJ
AmwefwkdY 'D&moD ta0;uGif;
ajcpGrf;aumif;rGefNyD; oa&yGJ
awGrsm;aewmaMumihf ref,l
owdxm;&r,f/ ref,l uyfEkdif

zkdYyJ &Sdygw,f/
pD;&D;at
9? azazmf0g&D? pae/
*sLAifwyf-zDtkd&ifwD;em;
(n 11;30 em&D)
yausmh&v'f (0-0)
yxrtausmh w k e f ; uvk d
*sLADwkdY rxifrSwfbJ oa&rus
zdkY BudK;pm;oGm;&ygr,f/ *sLAD
tdrfuGif;rSwfwrf;aumif;&Sdae
NyD; ta0;uGif;nHhwJh zDtdk&ifwD;
em;ukd EkdifzkdYrsm;aeygw,f/ *dk;
enf;r,fhyGJjzpfygw,f/
10? azazmf0g&D? we*FaEG/
vmZD,kd-emykdvD
(eHeuf 2;15 em&D)

yausmh&v'f (0-3)
yxrtausmh emykdvDtdrf
uGif;rSm vmZD,dkwkdY *dk;jywfIH;
xm;wm arhvdkYr&ygbl;/ vmZD
,dk 'Daemufykdif; HI;yGJwcsdKU BuHK

vmayr,hf pD;&D;at&JU tdru


f iG ;f
Ekid yf JG trsm;qH;k toif;tjzpf &yf
wnfaeqJjzpfygw,f/ tdrf&Sif
wku
Yd yJ ESp*f ;dk avmuf (odrYk [kw)f
tjyeftvSefoGif;*dk;awGeJY uyf

A,fvDumEkdtufovufwDudkruf'&pf
(eHeuf 2;30 em&D)
yausmh&v'f (3-4)
tuf o vuf w D u k d w d k Y
aMumufp&mrvdkwJhyGJygyJ/ Z
,m;rSm uyfvkdufaewJh &D;&Jvf
udk trSwfjzwfEkdifzkdY tufo
vufwDudk tdrfuGif;rSm tEkdif
uefoGm;rSmyg/ awGUqHkxm;rI
yHkpHawGt& ESpfzufoGif;*dk; rsm;
EkdifNyD; {nfhonf tufovuf
wDudkyJ uyfEkdifrSmyg/

w,fdkqufqem toif;ESihf jrefrmvd*f oHk;oif; ajcprf;rnf


AdkvfAdkvf0if;
&efukef? Zefe0g&D -30
xdkif;y&D;rD;,m;vd*fxdyfwef;
uvyf w,fq
kd ufqemtoif;
onf azazmf0g&Dv 'kwd,ywf
twGif; jrefrmae&Sife,fvd*f
uvyftoif;oHk;oif;ESihf &ef
ukefESihf rEav;NrKdUrsm;wGif ajc
prf;yJGrsm; ,SOfNyKdifupm;rnfjzpf
aMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
w,fdkqufqem toif;
onf azazmf0g&Dv 12? 14? 16

&ufrsm;wGif &wemyHk? {&m0wD


,lEu
kd w
f uf? &efuek ,
f El u
kd w
f uf
toif;rsm;ESifh ajcprf;yJrG sm; ,SOf
NyKdifupm;rnfjzpfonf/ yxr
yJGpOfjzpfonhf &wemyHktoif;
ESihf ajcprf;yJGtm; rEav;NrKdU?
Axl;uGif;wGif ,SOfNyKdifupm;
rnfjzpfNyD; usefyJGpOfESpfyJGtm;
&efuek Nf rKUd ? ok0PuiG ;f wGiu
f si;f
yrnfjzpfonf/
tqdkyg xdkif;y&D;rD;,m;u

vyfonf NyD;cJhonhfESpfuvnf;
jrefrmEdkifiHodkY ajcprf;yJGrsm; vm
a&mufupm;zl;cJhonf/ w,fdk
qufqemtoif;onf 2012
xdkif;y&D;rD;,m;vd*fwGif tqihf
(3) &&Scd o
hJ nfh toif;jzpfNy;D vm
rnhf rwfv 2 &ufwGif pwif
rnhf 2013 xdkif;y&D;rD;,m;vd*f
NyKdifyJGrwdkifrD jrefrmEdkifiHokdY ajc
prf;yJGrsm; vma&mufupm;jcif;
jzpfaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/


xd k i f ; y&D ; rD ; ,m;uvyf
w,fdkqufqemtoif;ydkif&Sif
bdk,efrmumrSm jrefrmvlrsKd;
wpfO;D jzpfNyD; ,ck ajcprf;c&D;pOf
odYk if;ud,
k w
f ikd v
f u
kd yf gvmrnf
jzpfaMumif; od&onf/ tqdk
yg ajcprf;yJGrsm;\ uGif;0ifaMu;
rsm;rSm txl;wef; usyf 1000
ESihf dk;dk;wef; usyf 500 owf
rS w f x m;aMumif ; owif ; &&S d
onf/

53

International

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

udkifdkNrdKU qEjyrIrsm;twGif; bmvlpudkeDtrI


vlwpfOD;aoqHk;NyD;
qkdif;iHhxm;&ef awmif;qkdrI
30 ausmf 'Pf&m&
xyfrHy,fcscH&

jyifopforw
rmvDEkdifiHodkY
a&muf&Sd
bmrmukd?azazmf0g&D-2
jyifopfOD;aqmifaom wyfzGJU
rsm;u rmvDEkdifiHajrmufykdif;
tpvmrfrpfoyl ek rf sm;\ aemuf
qHk; trmcHe,fajrwGif vHkNcHKrI
&&S&d ef vkyaf qmifaepOftwGi;f
jyifopforw z&efqGma[mf
vef'Donf rmvDEkdifiHokdY a&muf
&Sdvmonf/
jyifopforwu rmvDEkdif
iH w G i f Mum;0if u d k i f w G , f & ef
vGefcJhaom &ufowoHk;ywfu
qHk;jzwfcJhNyD; jynfwGif;vnf;
us,fus,fjyefYjyefY axmufcHrI
&&SdcJhonf/ jyifopforwonf
jyifopf\ ukdvdkeDa[mif;EkdifiHrS
tpGef;a&muftpvmrfrpfrsm;
udk wGef;vSefcJhaom jyifopfwyf
zGJUrsm;tm; tm;ay;&efESihf ,if;

Photo - AFP

wkdYae&mwGif tmz&duwyfzGJU
rsm;ESihf tvsiftjreftpm;xkd;
a&; wGef;tm;ay;&ef rmvDEkdifiH
odkY a&muf&Sdvmjcif;jzpfonf/
]]wyf z G J U 0if a wG t wG u f
uRefawmfwkdYtm;vHk;u axmuf
cH a Mumif ; ? tm;ay;aMumif ; eJ Y
*kPf,l0rf;ajrmufaMumif; ajym

Mum;zkdY&m uRefawmf rmvDEkdifiH


udk oGm;wmyg}}[k rpwma[mf
vef'u
D yxrwpf&ufwiG f ajym
Mum;onf/
rmvDEkdifiHtv,fykdif; qm
Am&DNrKd UodYk jyifopforw a&muf
&SdvmpOf rmvDEkdifiH ,m,Dor
w 'D,GefvGef'gx&mtdk&Du BudK

qdkcJhonf/ acgif;aqmifESpfOD;
onf NrdKUawmfbmrmukdwGif aeY
v,fpmpm;&if; aqG;aEG;rIrsm;
jyKvkyfMurnfjzpfum ordkif;0if
wifbGwfukNrdKU&Sd wyfzGJU0ifrsm;
xH o d k Y v nf ; oG m ;a&muf v nf
ywfrnfjzpfonf/
Ref: France 24

'Hk;usnfrsm;xm;&Sd&m qD;&D;,m;taqmufttHkrsm;ukd
tpa&; wkdufcdkufcJhaMumif; tar&dueft&m&Sd ajymMum;
0g&Sifwef?
azazmf0g&D-2
qD;&D;,m;EkdifiH 'rwfpuyfpfNrdKU
qifajczHk; ppfbufpcef;&Sd ajr
jyifrS a0[ifypf'Hk;usnfrsm;ukd
tpa&;u ,ck&ufowywft
wGif; avaMumif;rS wkdufcdkufcJh
aMumif;ESihf tqkdyg 'Hk;usnfrsm;
[pfZfbkdvmtkyfpkodkY vTJajymif;
ay;rnfudk tpa&;u pkd;&drfcJh
aMumif; tar&dueft&m&Sdwpf
OD ; u azazmf 0 g&D 1 &uf w G i f

ajymMum;onf/
Zef e 0g&D 30 &uf av
aMumif;wku
d cf u
dk rf w
I iG f tpa&;
ppfav,mOfrsm;onf vufb
EGefe,fpyfteD; vufeufo,f
,mOfwef;ESihf 'rwfpuyfpfNrdKU
jyify ppfpcef;wpfckudk ypfrSwf
xm;cJhzG,f&SdaMumif; apmapm
yk d i f ; owif ; rsm;u cef Y r S e f ; cJ h
onf/
odkYaomf tar&dueft&m
&S d u wpf a e&mwnf ; wG i f o m

wku
d cf u
dk rf I vkyaf qmifcahJ Mumif;
ajymMum;onf/
]]tJ'g[m 'rwfpuyfpfNrdKU
qifajczHk;a'orSmyg}}[k trnf
razmfaom t&m&Su
d attufzf
yDowif;Xmetm; ajymonf/
tp a &;av,mOf r sm;u
,mOfrsm;ay:wGif wifxm;aom
ajrjyifrS a0[ifypf'Hk;usnfrsm;
uk d ypf r S w f x m;cJ h a Mumif ; ES i h f
,if;wkrYd mS k&mS ;Ekid if v
H yk f SA-17
av,mOf y pf 'H k ; usnf r sm;jzpf

onf[k ,HkMunf&aMumif; uef


t&m&Sdu qufvufajymonf/
qD ; &D ; ,m;tpk d ; &u tp
a&;onf ppfbufoak woepif
wmwpfcktm; 0ifa&mufwkduf
cd k u f c J h a Mumif ; pG y f p G J N yD ; ,if ;
udptay: vufwkHYjyefrnf[k
Ncdrf;ajcmufxm;onf/ tpa&;
EkdifiHurl ,if;udpukd a&iHkEIwf
ydwfaeonf/
Ref: AFP

ukdifdk?azazmf0g&D-2
tD*spfEkdifiH ukdifkdNrdKU orweef;
awmf jyifywGif jzpfay:cJhonfh
uefYuGufqEjyrIrsm; vlwpf
OD;aoqHk;NyD; 32 OD; xdcdkuf'Pf
&m &&SdcJhonf/
t"dukPf;&Jrsm;ESihf jzpf
ay:onfh wku
d cf u
dk rf rI sm;wGif t
ouf 23 ESpft&G,f qEjyolrSm
&ifbwf 'Pf&mrsm;&&SdcJhNyD;
,if ; 'Pf & mrsm;aMumih f aq;
Hw
k iG f aoqH;k oGm;aMumif; vlem
wif,mOftzGJU 'kwd,tBuD;t
uJ tmruft,fvftefqm&Du
ajymMum;onf/ tjcm;vl 32
OD; ukdvnf; 'Pf&mtrsdK;rsdK;jzihf
aq;HkodkY ykdYaqmifcJh&aMumif;
if;uqufvufajymonf/
ukdifdkNrdKU t,fvftDwD[m
'D;,m; orweef;awmf jyify
wGif jzpfay:cJhaom kef;&if;qef
cwfrIrsm;twGif; uefYuGufqE
jyol 'gZif a ygif ; rsm;pG m 'Pf
&m&&SdcJhonf[k tapmykdif;o
wif;rsm;u qkdonf/
qEjyolaygif; 50 cefYu &J
wyfzUJG rsm; wm;qD;xm;aom ae
&mrsm;wGif ausmufcJrsm;? "mwf
qDyv
k if;AH;k rsm;jzihf ypfazmufNy;D
orwHk;0if;NcHjyify rD;SL; rD;
yef ; rsm; ypf a zmuf N yD ; aemuf
kef;&if;qefcwf tMurf;zufrI
rsm; pwifcJhonf/

t"dukPf; &JwyfzGJUu
vnf; rsu&f nf,Akd ;kH rsm;? rD;owf
um; a&zsef;jcif;rsm;jzihf wkHYjyef
cJhonf/ usnfqeftppfrsm;jzihf
ypfcwfcJh qEjyolwpfOD; if;
wdkYrsufpda&SUrSmyif aoqHk;oGm;
onf[k rsufjrifoufaoESpf
OD;u dkufwmowif;Xmetm;
ajymMum;onf/
Ref: Ria Novosti/Reuters

rDvef?azazmf0g&D-2
Midiaset rD'D,mvkyfief;tkyfpk

\ toHxkwfvTGihfrIqkdif&m t
cG i h f t a&;rsm;uk d 0,f , l r I E S i h f
ywfoufaom tcGefvdrfvnf
rIudk qkdif;iHhxm;&ef tDwvD0ef
BuD;csKyfa[mif; qDAD,dkbmvlp
ukdeD\ a&SUaersm;u awmif;qkd
rIukd rDvefNrdKUw&m;Hk;wpfHk;u
y,fcsvdkufaMumif; od&onf/
,if;trIudk azazmf0g&D 24-25
&uf a&G;aumufyGJNyD;qHk;csdeft
xd qkdif;iHhxm;&ef if;\a&SUae
rsm; u awmif;qdck jhJ cif;jzpfonf/
,if;qHk;jzwfcsufaMumifh
0efBuD;csKyfa[mif;ESihf if;\ t
v,ftvwfESifh nm,drf;ygwD
xHrS tmcHaom wkHYjyefcsufwpf
&yf xGufay:vmcJhonf/ ,if;
rSm ausmrf aumif;Mum;raumif;
qHk;jzwfrI[k if;wkdYu ajymMum;
Muonf/
]]'Dvdk &,fp&maumif;wJh
udpawGrSm ykdufqHawG jzKef;wD;
aewm jrifawGU&wm[m uRef
awmfhESvHk;om;ukd emusifapyg
w,f}}[k w&m;Hk;qHk;jzwfcsuf
udk &nfTef;&if; rpwmbmvl
pudkeDu owif;pm&Sif;vif;yGJ
wpf&yfwGif ajymMum;onf/
touf 76 ES p f t &G , f
rD'D,m;ola|;BuD;u NyD;cJhonfh
atmuf w k d b mvu if ; tm;
axmifav;ESpf csrw
S cf ahJ omtrI
tay:t,lc0H ifaejcif;jzpfonf/
xkt
Yd jyifbmvlpudek o
D nft&G,f
ra&muf a o;ol rd e f ; uav;
wpfO;D ESifh aysmyf g;rIaMumifv
h nf;
w&m;&ifqkdifae&onf/ tcGef
vdrfvnfrI ppfaq;Mum;emjcif;
ukd azazmf0g&D 8 &ufwGif quf
vufppfaq;rnfjzpfonf/
Ref: Reuters

54

International

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

uarm'D;,m;bk&if Ekddk'GefoD[mEk kyfuvmyfudk tcrf;tem;jzifh rD;oN*K[f tmz*eforwESihf ygupweforw NAdwdef0efBuD;csKyf


zEGrf;yif?azazmf0g&D-4
a';Apfuifr&Gef;ESihf tmz*efNidrf;csrf;a&; aqG;aEG;
uarm'D;,m;tpd;k &onf rMum
ao;rD u uH a wmf u k e f o G m ;cJ h
aom bk&ifEdk 'kd eG o
f [
D mEk\ kyf
uvmyfudk (azazmf0g&D 4 &uf)
wevF m aeY w G i f rD ; oN* K [f c J h
onf / wpf y wf M um usif ; ycJ h
onfh bk&iftm; aemufqHk;aeY
psmyetcrf ; tem; jyif o pf
0efBuD;csKyf ,ef;ruftDdk;vf?
*syefrif;om; tuD&SDEkdESihf tm
qD , H E k d i f i H acgif ; aqmif r sm;
wufa&mufMurnfjzpfonf/
]]'D a eY [ m bk & if B uD ; uk d
aemuf q H k ; *g&0jyKwJ h a eY y gyJ /
wpfwdkif;jynfvHk;u bk&if h t
wGuf EIwfqufpum;ajymMu
&r,fhaeYyg/ ol[m uarm'D;
,m;&JU ol&aJ umif;bk&ifwpfyg;
jzpfygw,f}}[k bk&ifoD[mEk\
uk d , f a &;twG i f ; 0ef qD q k d 0 g

azazmf0g&D 3 &ufu
zEGrf;yifNrdKUawmf&Sd
awmf0ifeef;awmf
a&SU ewf&GmpH
bk&ifBuD; Edkdk'Gef
oD[mEk\ kyfyHkrsm;
udkifaqmifum
zl;ajrmf qkawmif;
aeonfh
uarm'D;,m;
jynfolrsm;
Photo - AFP

okdrDudkuajymonf/ bk&ifoD
[mEkonf EkdifiHwGif ESpfaygif;
ajcmuf q ,f e D ; yg; jy,k * f w pf
cktjzpf&SdcJhNyD; oufawmf 89
ES p f t &G , f w G i f ab*sif ; Nrd K U
2012 atmufwdkbmvu uH
awmfukefcJhonf/ bk&if\kyf

uvmyf u d k zEG r f ; yif N rd K Uawmf


wGif trsm;jynfol *g&0jyKEkdif
&eftwGuf eef;awmf oHk;v
Mum xm;&S d c J h N yD ; rS Ek d i f i H a wmf
tcrf;tem;jzihf oN*K[fcJhjcif;
jzpfonf/
bk&ifh yk u
f vmyfawmftm;

oN*K[fNyD;aemuf <uif;usef&pf
onfh jymrsm;udk rJacgifjrpf? wef
vDqufjrpfEiS hf wefvb
D ufquf
jrpfrsm; a&arQmoGm;rnfjzpfNy;D
tcsKd Uukrd l eef;awmfwiG f awmf0if
rdom;pkyidk t
f jzpf xde;f odr;f jyo
oGm;rnfjzpfonf/ Ref: AFP

vef'ef? azazmf0g&D-4
tmz*eforw [mrpfumZkdif;
ESiygup
fh
weforwtqpfzt
f vD
Zm'g&DwdkYonf vef'ef NAdwdef
0efBuD;csKyf a';Apfuifr&Gef;ESihf
tmz*efNidrf;csrf;a&;udp awGU
qHkaqG;aEG;oGm;rnfjzpfonf/
vef'efteD;&Sd uifr&Gef;\
csufum aus;vuftyef;ajz
pcef; awGUqHkrnfh ,if;xdyfoD;
aqG;aEG;yJGwGif tmz*efESihfyg
upwef yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G af &;
jrifhwif&ef aqG;aEG;rnfjzpfNyD;
vmrnhfESpfwGif EdkifiHwumwyf
zJUG rsm; tmz*efrS qkwcf mG oGm;yg
u jynfwiG ;f ppfwpf&yf rjzpfymG ;
a&; wm;qD;&efvnf; aqG;aEG;
Murnfjzpfonf/ NAdwdoQtpdk;&
\ ajymcGifh&yk*KdvfwpfOD;u ]]'D

vlxkjrifuGif;wGifaysmufaeaom zD',fuufpxdk
usLbm;a&G;aumufyJGwGif rJay;
[mAm;em;? azazmf0g&D-4
&mxl ; rS m tem;,l o G m ;NyD j zpf
aom usL;bm;acgif;aqmif zD
',fuufpxdo
k nf azazmf0g&D 3
&ufu usL;bm;taxGaxGa&G;
aumufyw
GJ iG f rJay;cJNh y;D if;tm;
vma&muf a wG U qH k o l r sm;? o
wif;axmufrsm;ESihf wpfem&D
ausmf pum;pjrnf a jymqd k c J h
onf / ,if ; rS m 2010 jynh f
ES p f a emuf y d k i f ; rp w m uuf
pxdk yxrqH;k tBudrf vlxak &SU
arS m uf o k d Y xG u f v mjcif ; jzpf
onf/
rp w muuf p xd k o nf
2006 ckESpfu emrusef;jzpfNyD;
aemuf 2008 ckESpfwGif if;\
nDjzpfol &m[l;vfuufpxdk
tm; tmPmvJTajymif; ay;NyD;
csd e f aemuf y d k i f ; usif ; yonh f
taxG a xG a&G ; aumuf y J G o H k ;
BudrfvHk;vHk; aetdrfrSom rJay;cJh
onf/
qGwfqGwfjzLaeaom yg;

odik ;f arG;ESifh cg;tenf;i,fuidk ;f


aeaom rpwm uufpxdk (86
ES p f ) onf tjyma&mif t us
uGufESihf ayghyg;aom tay:*sm
uif0wfqifxm;Ny;D aeYv,fyikd ;f
wGif rJxnhfcJhyHkudk EdkifiHawmf kyf
oHu jyocJhonf/
rp w muuf p xd k o nf
usL;bm; pD;yGm;a&;jyKjyifajymif;
vJrI? vufwiftar&duEdkifiH
rsm; aygif;pnf;a&;? AifeDZJGvm;
orw [l*ckd sm;Aufpt
f aMumif;
ESihf tjcm;taMumif;t&mrsm;
ajymqdkcJhonf[k owif;aMu
nmolu ajymMum;onf/
a&G ; aumuf y J G w G i f vl t
rsm;u aomif;aomif;jzjz yg
0ifMujcif;udv
k nf; rpwm uuf
pxd k u toHwdk;nif;pGmjzihf
cs;D usL;pum; ajymMum;onf/
]]jynfolawGu wu,fudk
awmf v S e f a &; pd w f " mwf & S d M u
ygayw,f/ olwYkd wu,fyJ ud,
k f
usKd;pGefY tepfemcHcJhMuw,f/

oHk;yGifhqdkifaqG;aEG;rI[m wmvD
befawGtwGuf &Sif;vif;jywf
om;wJh today;rIwpf&yfjzpfyg
w,f/ tcktcsdefu tmz*efrSm
vl w d k i f ; twG u f Nid r f ; csrf ; a&;
jzpfpOfrSm yg0ifzdkY tcsdef jzpfyg
w,f}} [k ajymonf/
NAdwdef0efBuD;csKyf a';Apf
uifr&Gef;onf csufum tyef;
ajzpcef ; {nh f o nf a wmf
orwESpfOD;tm; npmpm;yJGjzihf
wnfcif; {nhcf H cJNh y;D tao;pdwf
aqG;aEG;rIrsm; jyKvkyfcJhonf/
NAd w d e f o nf tmz*ef e p
wefwGif wyfzJGU0if 9000 cefY
usef &S daeNyD; 2014 ck ES pfw Gi f
qkwfcGm&ef jyifqifxm;onf/
Ref: AFP

aemufausmzHk; rS

trsdK;orD;rsm;tm;t"rjyKolrsm;
udk ao'PfpD&ifEkdifaom Oya'
tdEd,jy|mef;&ef pDpOf

Photo - AFP

usL;bm;NrdKUawmf [mAm;em;wGif rJHkwpfck rJay;NyD;aemuf rD'D,mESifh pum;ajymaeaom orwa[mif; zD',fuufpxdkudk awGU&pOf

'gudk igwdkY oufaojyzdkY rvdk


bl;/ ordkif;u oufaojyvdrhf
r,f/ ESpfaygif; 50 ydwfqdkY wm;

qD;rIawG vkyfxm;wmawmif
igwd k Y t avQmh r ay;cJ h b l ; }} [k
usL;bm;awmf v S e f a &; acgif ;

aqmifu ajymMum;onf/
Ref: Reuters

wpfoufwpfuRef; jypf'Pft
xduscHap&ef jy|mef;xm;onf/
tpkd;&tzGJUonf Oya'opfwGif
trsdK;orD;rsm;tm; apmfum;rI
trsd K ;tpm;rsm;wG i f acsmif ;
Munfhjcif;? aemufa,mifcHvkduf
jcif; ponfhtjyKtrlrsm;ukdyg
xnfo
h iG ;f oGm;rnf[k od&onf/
td E d , Ek d i f i H w G i f vuf & S d
Oya'rsm;t& ao'PfcsrSwf
jcif;rsm;r&SdbJ t"rrIusL;vGef
rIrsm;tay: jypf'PfrSmvnf;
axmif'PfckepfESpfrS 10 ESpf
txdom csrSwfEkdifao;onf/
tdEd,onf ESpfrsm;pGmtwGif;
&Sm;yg;ao'PfcsrSwfrItjzpf
2008 rGrfbkdif;wdkufckdufrIwGif
yg0ifcJhaom aoewform;wpf
OD ; ud k o m rMumao;rD u ao
'Pfay;cJh&m ,if;rSm wkdif;jynf
\ &SpEf pS w
f mumvtwGi;f yx
rqHk; ao'Pfay;rI jzpfcJhonf/
Ref: AFP

MopaMw;vstmPm& avbmygwD a&G;aumufyJG IH;edrfh&ef tvm;tvm&Sdae[k ppfwrf;rsm;wGif azmfjy


qpf'eD?
azazmf0g&D-4
MopaMw;vs\ vuf&t
dS mPm&
avbmygwDonf ,ckESpft
wGif; usif;yrnhf a&G;aumufyGJ
rsm;wGif tBuD;tus,fIH;edrfh&ef
OD;wnfaeaMumif; vlxo
k abm
xm;ppfwrf;rsm;u azmfjyonf/
vmrnhf pufwifbm 14
&uf w G i f a&G ; aumuf y J G r sm;

usif;yoGm;rnf[k 0efBuD;csKyf
*sLvD,m a*;vmh'fu rMumrD
u aMunmcJhNyD;aemuf yxr
qHk;tBudrf aumuf,laom
vlxkoabmxm;ppfwrf;rsm;
t& avbmygwDrmS twdu
k t
f cH
uG e f q maA;wpf y gwD a emuf
wGif a&muf&Sdaeonfudk awGU&
onf/

onf M opaMw;vsef ;

owif;pmu aumuf,lcJhaom
ppfwrf;wGif avbmygwDrSm
axmufcHrI 32 &mcdkifEIef;om
&SdNyD; twdkuftcH uGefqmaA;
wpfygwDrSm NyD;cJhonhf oHk;ywf
twGif; 48 &mcdkifEIef;txd
&&Sdvmonf/
t"d u ygwD B uD ; ES p f c k
atmufajcwGif ygwDi,frsm;\
GefYaygif;tzJGUrSm vlxkaxmuf

cHrI 56 &mcdkifEIef;rS 44 &mcdkif


EIef;txd a&muf&Sdaeonf/
onfrSm vlaygif; 1163 OD;
udktajccHum ppfwrf;aumuf
,lxm;jcif;jzpfonf/
qpf ' aea';vD ; w,f v D
*&yfowif;pmu aumuf,lcJh
aom ppfwrf;wpf&yfwGifvnf;
avbm ygwDrmS ygwDi,frsm;\
GefYaygif;tzJGUrSm axmufcHrI

56 &mcdkifEIef; &&Sdaeonf/
MopaMw;vs\ yxrqHk;
trsKd;orD;0efBuD;csKyfjzpfol a*;
vmh'fonf tpOftvmudk csKd;
zsuu
f m vmrnhf pufwifbmv
wGif a&G;aumufyJGrsm;udk aqm
vsif p G m usif ; yoG m ;rnf [ k
rMumrDu xkwfjyefaMujimcJh
onf/
uifbm&mNrKdUwGif usif;y

cJhaom avbmygwD trwf


avmif;rsm;ESihf awGUqHkyGJ olr
u tvkyftudkiftcGifhtvrf;
rsm; zefwD;a&;onf OD;pm;ay;
vkyf&rnhft&mjzpfNyD; rJqE
&Sifrsm;onf ,if;owif;pum;
udk Mum;vdkaeaMumif; ajymMum;
cJhonf/
Ref: AFP

55

INTERVIEW

NEWS ANALYSIS

CAMBODIA

Oa&myudk vdktyfygw,f

wkwfEdkifiHESihf
ausmufrD;aoG;oHk;pJGrI

uarm'D;,m;bk&if Ekddk'GefoD[mEk
kyfuvmyfudk tcrf;tem;jzifh
rD;oN*K[f

tD;,lrS NAdwdef xGufoifh? rxGufoihf


NAdwdef0efBuD;csKyfa[mif; wdkeDbvJESihf aqG;aEG;jcif;

pmrsufESm(46)odkY

pmrsufESm(36)odkY

pmrsufESm(54)odkY

Vol.9, No.29 October 7, 2010

Vol.11, No.48 FEBUARY 7 , 2013

trsdK;orD;rsm;tm; t"rjyKolrsm;udk
ao'PfpD&ifEkdifaom Oya'
tdEd,jy|mef;&ef pDpOf

tpa&;u qD;&D;,m;udk
rwnfrNidrfjzpfatmif
vkyfaqmifae[k
orwtmqwf ajymMum;
jrL;epf?azazmf0g&D-4
tmPmwnfNrJ&ef BudK;pm;kef;
uefae&aom qD;&D;,m;orw
bm&Sm;t,fvt
f mqwfu tp
a&;EdkifiHonf rdrdwdkYEkdifiHtm; r
wnfrNird jf zpfatmif vkyaf qmif
aeonf[k ajymMum;vdu
k o
f nf/
NyD;cJhonfh &ufowywft
wGif; tpa&;u qD;&D;,m;EkdifiH
tm; avaMumif;rS wkdufcdkufcJh
NyD ; aemuf rp w mtmqwf u
yxrqHk; wkHYjyefajymMum;jcif;
jzpfonf/
qD;&D;,m;kyfoHuvnf;
Zefe0g&D 28 &ufwGif *srf&m,m
a'o tpa&;*sufav,mOf
rsm;u qD;&D;,m;ppfbuf ok
awoepifwmtm; wkdufckduf
aeonf [ k q k d a om yH k & d y f r sm;
xkwfvTihfjyocJhonf/
tar&dueft&m&Srd sm;url
,if;avaMumif;wkdufckdufrIrSm
pmrsufESm(45)odkY

e,l;a'vD?azazmf0g&D-4
tdEd,orw y&efewfbfrlum
*sD;onf trsdK;orD;rsm;tm; t
"rjyKolrsm;ukd tcsdKUaom trI
rsm;wGif ao'Pftxd ay;Ekdif
onfh Oya'opfwpf&yfukd vTwf
awmfudk twnfjyKay;ydkYvdkuf
aMumif; od&onf/ orwonf
tqdkyg t"rrIOya'opfudk t
pdk;&tzGJU0if 0efBuD;rsm;u trsdK;
orD;rsm;twGuf vHkNcHKa&;wdk;
jrifhay;Ekdif&ef tajymif;tvJ
rsm; jyKvkyfoihfaMumif; ajym
Mum;NyD; ESpf&uftMumwGif ay;
ykdYcJhjcif;jzpfonf/

Photo - EPA

azazmf0g&D 3 &ufu qD;&D;,m;\ tBu;D qH;k NrKd UawmfrS taqmufttHw


k pfcak &SU ajy;vTm;aeMuolrsm;/ wuf<uvIy&f mS ;olrsm;u tpd;k &wyfzUJG
rsm;onf olyek rf sm;&Sad eaom ta&SUydik ;f tefqm&Dt&yfukd AH;k BuJwu
kd cf u
kd cf &hJ m uav;i,f 5 OD;tygt0if vl 11 OD;cefY aoqH;k cJah Mumif; ajym
Mum;onf/

ygupwefausmif;olav; rmvmvm OD;acgif;cGJpdwfukorI cH,lNyD;aemuf jyefaumif;vm


vef'ef?azazmf0g&D-4
rdef;uav;i,fav;rsm; ynm
oifMum;cGifh&a&; vIHYaqmfcJhrI
jzihf wmvDbefrsm;\ aoewf
jzihf ypfcwfcHcJh&aom ygup
wefausmif;olav; rmvmvm
,lqGwfZkdifonf olr\OD;acgif;
udk cGJpdwfukorIatmifjrifpGm
cH,lNyD;aemuf usef;rma&;jyef

vnf a umif ; rG e f v maMumif ;


NAd w d o Qq&m0ef r sm;u ajym
Mum;onf/
NAdwdeftv,fykdif; bmrif
*rfNrKd U&Sd uGi;f t,fvZd bufaq;
HkwGif aq;ukorIcH,lcJhaom
touf 15 ESpft&G,f ausmif;
olav; rmvmvmonf olr\
pmrsufESm(45)odkY

Photo - AFP

tdE,
d orwH;k rS wm0ef&dS
olwpfOD;uvnf; ]]orw[m
trsdK;orD;awGtay: usL;vGef
wJhjypfrIawGeJY ywfoufvkdY Oy
a'ay;ydcYk NhJ y;D jzpfygw,f/ 'gayrJh
ygvDrefrSm aqG;aEG;NyD;rSom O
ya'[m pwifoufa&mufvm
ygvdrfhr,f}}[k ajymonf/
,ckOya'opfwGif tkyfpk
vdkuf t"rrI? &JwyfzGJU0if (okdYr
[kwf) vlyk*dKvfwpfOD;u usL;
vGefaom jypfrIrsm;ukd tedrfhqHk;
jypf'Pf 10 ESprf S tESpf 20 txd
csrSwfEkdifNyD; t,lcH0ifcGihfr&SdbJ
pmrsufESm(54)odkY

jyifopfppfav,mOfrsm; rmvDajrmufykdif;
olykefpcef;rsm;tm; AHk;BuJ
yg&D^bmrmukd?azazmf0g&D-4
jyifopforw z&efqGma[mf
vef'Donf rmvDEkdifiHodkY oGm;
a&mufvnfywfNy;D u,fwif&iS f
tjzpf csD;ajrmufcH&um aemuf
wpf&ufrSmyif jyifopfppfav
,mOfrsm;onf EkdifiHajrmufzsm;
&Sd tpvmrfrpf ppfaoG;<uol
ykepf cef;rsm;tm; AH;k BuJwu
dk cf u
kd f
MuaMumif; od&onf/
,if;wkdufckdufrIrsm;wGif
jyif o pf av,mOf r sm;onf
t,fv*f s;D &D;,m;Ekid if t
H eD; wuf
qmvpfNrdKU0ef;usif&Sd t,fvf

ukdif'gtquftEG,f olykefrsm;
\ avhusiahf &;pcef;rsm;ESifh puf
ypnf;rsm;xm;&Sd&m pcef;rsm;udk
ypfrSwfxm;cJhaMumif; yg&DNrdKU
rS jyifopfppfbuf ajyma&;qkd
cGihf&Sdolu ajymMum;onf/
]]'g[m ta&;BuD;wJhwkduf
cku
d rf aI wG jzpfygw,f}}[k rpwm
oD,m&Dbwf[wfu dkufwm
owif;XmeodkY ajymMum;onf/
wufqmvpfNrdKUrSm rmvD
ajrmufykdif;NrdKUawmf uD',frS
125 rdkifuGma0;NyD; NrdKUBuD;?
pmrsufESm(45)odkY

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

EkdifiHjcm; &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrI cGifhjyKrnfh ykHpHrsm;udk &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrIaumfr&Sif owfrSwfxkwfjyef


xGef;ckdif? at;olpH
&efukef? azazmf0g&D-4
pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief; trsKd;tpm;
239 rsKd;wGif EkdifiHjcm;&if;ESD;jrKyf
ESHrI cGifhjyKrnfh ykHpHrsm;udk jrefrm
EkdifiH &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrI aumfr&Sif
(MIC)u Zefe0g&D 31 &ufaeYpJG
jzifh trdefYaMumfjimpm xkwfjyef
owfrSwfvkdufonf/
EkdifiHjcm; &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrIrsm;
ESifhywfoufNyD; vkyfief;trsKd;
tpm; 21 rsKd;udk vkyfudkifcGifhjyK
&ef cGifhrjyKonfh pD;yGm;a&;vkyf
ief;tjzpfvnf;aumif;? 42 rsKd;
udk EkdifiHom;ESifh zufpyfpepfjzifh
om aqmif&u
G cf iG jhf yKonfh pD;yGm;
a&;vkyif ef;tjzpfvnf;aumif;?
176 rsKd;udk oD;jcm;jy|mef;xm;

onfh tajctaewpf&yf&yfjzifh
aqmif&u
G cf iG jhf yKonfh pD;yGm;a&;
vkyif ef; trsK;d tpm;tjzpfvnf;
aumif ; cJ G j cm;owf r S w f x m;
onf/
cGirhf jyKonfh pD;yGm;a&; vkyf
ief;trsKd;tpm; pm&if;wGif um
uG,af &;qkid &f m vufeufc,
J rf;
rD;ausmufrsm; ypnf;xkwfvkyf
jcif;ESifh ,if;ESifhywfoufonfh
0efaqmifrv
I yk if ef;rsm;? ausmuf
pdrf;? ausmufrsuf&wem &SmazG
jcif;? prf;oyfwkdif;wmjcif;ESifh
xkwfvkyfjcif;vkyfief;? ykHESdyfESifh
toHviT rhf 'D ,
D mvkyif ef;udk yl;wJG
vkyfudkifjcif;? jrefrm tygt0if
wkdif;&if;om; bmomjzifh xkwf
a0aom tcsdefrSefxkwfpme,f

Zif; ykHESdyfjzefYcsdjcif;rsm; tygt


0if vkyif ef;trsK;d tpm;21rsK;d udk
xkwfjyefxm;onf/
ykHESdyfESifh toHvTifhrD'D,m
vkyfief;? pme,fZif; ykHEdSyfjzefYcsd
jcif;rsm;udk EkdifiHjcm;om; &if;ESD;
jrKyfESHrIudk cGifhrjyKjcif;rSm EkdifiH
jcm;om;ykdif rD'D,mrsm; vTrf;
rd k ; oG m ;rnf u d k umuG , f x m;
jcif ; jzpf a Mumif ; jyef M um;a&;
0efBuD;Xme 'kwd,0efBuD; OD;&J
xG#fu ajymonf/
]]Oa&myor*EkdifiHrsm;rSm
vnf; 'grsKd; usifhokH;ygw,f/
tcsKUd Ekid if aH wGrmS vk;H 0yl;wJv
G yk f
udkifcGifh rjyKbl;/ tcsKdUEkdifiHrsm;
uawmh tpdk;&u cGifhjyKrS vkyf
ief;udk 0,fvdkY&ygw,f}} [k if;

u ajymonf/
EkdifiHom;ESifh zufpyfpepf
jzifhom aqmif&GufcGifhjyKonfh
pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;rsm; pm&if;
wGif c&D;oGm;vkyfief;? NrdKUopf
azmfxkwf wnfaxmifjcif;vkyf
ief;? "mwfowK tBuD;pm;wl;
azmfxkwfvkyfjcif; vkyfief;tyg
t0if vkyfief;trsKd;tpm; 42
rsKd; yg0ifonf/
MIC \ ,cktrdefY aMumf
jimpmESifhtwl trsKd;om; pDrH
udef;ESifh pD;yGm;a&;zHGUNzdK;wkd;wuf
rI 0efBuD;Xmeuvnf; EkdifiHjcm;
&if;ESD;jrKyfESHrI enf;Oya'rsm;udk
wpf&ufwnf; xkwfjyefcJhojzifh
jynfwGif;odkY 0ifa&muf&ef wm
plaeaom EkdifiHjcm;rS &if;ESD;jrKyf

jcifaq;acGrD;aMumihf vlOD;a& 300 ausmf tdk;tdrfrJhjzpf


oef;aX;
&efukef?azazmf0g&D-4
ntcsdef rD;ysufaepOf jcifaq;
acGxeG ;f &mu pwifavmifuRr;f
aomrD;aMumifhtdraf jc 24 vH;k qH;k
H;I um tdraf xmifpw
k pf&mausmf
rS vlOD;a&okH;&mausmf rD;ab;
oihfcJhaMumif;owif;&&Sdonf/
vIdifom,mNrdKUe,f trSwf
5 &yfuGuf jr&dyfndK 6 vrf;&Sd ae
tdrw
f pftrd w
f iG f n 9 em&Dausmf
tcsdef rD;ysufaepOf jcifaq;acG
xGef;&mrS teD;&Sd puLyHk;ESihf vHk
csnEf pS x
f nfwu
Ydk kd rD;pGaJ vmifNy;D
tjcm;td r f r sm;od k Y rD ; ul ; puf
avmifuRrf;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/
]]&yfuGufuvlawGu 0kdif;
Nidrf;ayr,fh olwkdYvnf; b,fvkd
rS r Ek d i f b l ; / rD ; owf u m;awG

a&muf v mwJ h t csd e f r S m vnf ;


vrf;uusOf;awmh rD;avmifae
wJhtem;txd 0ifvdkYr&bl;jzpf
aew,f/ 'DMum;xJ rD;owfum;
wpfpD;uvnf; um;bD;uRHae
ao;w,f}} [k jr&dyfndK 6 vrf;
wGif aexdkifol OD;[efodef;u
ajymonf/
xkdodkY rD;avmifuRrf;aom
aMumihf yk*v
u
d vkid ;f cef; 6 ckEiS fh
tdrf 18 vHk; rD;avmifuRrf;cH&
aomaMumihf tdrfaxmifpk 110
rS vlO;D a& 373OD; rD;ab;oihcf &H
um trSwf(5)&yfuGuf oD&daZ
,s "r m H k w G i f ,m,D r D ; ab;
u,fq,fa&;pcef; zGiv
fh pS x
f m;
NyD; tuf&Sifwkdif;azmifa';&Sif;
ES i h f tvS L &S i f r sm;u td r f o H k ;
ypnf;? t0wftxnfESihf pm;p

&mrsm; vma&mufv SL 'gef; ae


aMumif; awGU&onf/
rD;avmifomG ;aom trSwf
(5)&yfuu
G o
f nf ysOaf xmifoyG f
rdk;wef;vsm;&Snfrsm;? tkwfnyf
ysOaf xmifwef;vsm;rsm;jzifw
h nf
aqmufxm;um vufvyk v
f uf
pm; tvkyform;rsm;tm; vc
jzihf iSm;&rf;xm;&SdaomaMumihf

rD;ab;oifhvlOD;a&ESihf qHk;HI;rI
wefz;kd rSm ykrd rkd sm;Ekid af Mumif; tdrf
wef;vsm;wpfvHk; avmifuRrf;cH
&aom OD;atmifaZmfat;uajym
onf/
]]rD;pavmifwJhtdrfu tdrf
&SifawGudk pcef;rSmac:NyD; ppf
aq;aewke;f rdYk ayghqrD;vdyYk J ajym
&ygOD;r,f}}[k if;uajymonf/

a[mifaumifpD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sif 150 ausmf &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrItwGufvma&mufavhvmrnf


aevif;xGef;
&efukef? azazmf0g&D -4
a[mifaumifpD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;
&Sif 150 ausmo
f nf vmrnfrh wf
vwGijf refrmEkid if o
H Udk vma&muf
txnf c sKyf v k y f i ef ; ? bPf
vkyfief;? 0efaqmifrIvkyfief;?
pufrIvkyfief;ESihf axmufyHhykdY
aqmifprD cH efcY rJG v
I yk if ef;rsm;wGif
&if;ES;D jrK yEf &HS ef avhvmoGm;rnf
jzpfaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
a[mif a umif u k e f o G , f
a&;zGHUNzdK;rIXme(HKTDC)u OD;
aqmifvma&mufpD;yGm;a&;
vkyfief;&Sifrsm;onf jynfwGif;
&S d p D ; yG m ;a&;vk y f i ef ; &S i f r sm;?

jynfaxmifpkorwjrefrmEkdifiH
ukefonfrsm;ESifh pufrIvufrI
vk y f i ef ; &S i f r sm;toif ; csKyf ?
tpkd;&Xmeqkdif&mwm0ef&Sdol
rsm;ES i h f awG U qk H a qG ; aEG ; oG m ;
rnf j zpf a Mumif ; HK TDC \
a'owGi;f 'gku
d w
f mrp Loretta
Wan u ajymonf/
]]jrefrmEkdifiHrSm tajymif;
tvJawGtrsm;BuD;jzpfaewm
udkvnf;awGU&ygw,f/'Dtcsdef
rSma[mifaumifpD;yGm;a&;vkyf
ief;awGtaeeJY tvm;tvm
aumif;awGtrsm;BuD;&SdaewJh
jrefrmEdkifiHrSmvma&muf&if;ESSD;

jrK yEf v
HS yk u
f idk zf t
Ydk aumif;qk;H t
csdefaumif;vkdU jrifygw,f}} [k
olr u ajymonf/
a[mifaumifuek o
f ,
G af &;zGUH
NzK;d rIXme (HKTDC) onf a[mif
aumifpD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;&Sifrsm;
jrefrmEkdifiHwGif &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrI
vma&mufjyKvkyf&ef qufoG,f
aqmif&u
G af eovkjd refrmpD;yGm;
a&;vkyif ef;&Sirf sm;ukv
d nf;a[mif
aumif&Sd pD;yGm;a&;qkdif&mjyyGJ
rsm;wGif yg0ifEkid if w
H um aps;
uGuo
f Ydk csUJ xGiEf idk &f ef yHyh ;dk aqmif
&Gufaeonf/
a[mifaumif&if;ESD;jrKyfESH

ol r sm; pD ; yG m ;a&;vk y f u k d i f & ef


yJcl; ?ysOf;ryif(axmufMuefY)ESifh
oDv0gwd k Y r S wpf a e&mcsxm;
ay;&ef tqkdjyKxm;NyD; pufkHrsm;
wnfaxmifvnfywfoGm;&ef
pDpOfaeaMumif;vnf; txufyg
trsKd;orD;u qkdonf/
HK TDC OD ; aqmif a om
a[mifaumif&if;ES;D jrK yEf o
HS l 70
onf txnfcsKyfvkyfief;udk OD;
pm;ay; vkyfukdif&ef ,cifESpf?
Zlvkdifvu jrefrmEkdifiHokdY vm
a&mufcJhNyD; jynfwGif;pD;yGm;a&;
vkyfief;&Sifrsm;? Xmeqkdif&m wm
0ef&Sdolrsm;ESihf awGUqkHcJhonf/

ESrH rI sm; rMumrD0ifa&mufvmEkid f


aomaMumifh jynfwGif;&Sd pD;yGm;
a&;vkyfief;rsm;taejzifh pdef
ac:rIrsm; rMumrD &ifqkdif&vm
EkdifaMumif; pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;
&Sifrsm;u ajymonf/
]]tvkyfudk enf;enf;vkyf
Ny;D tjrwfrsm;rsm; ,lcsiw
f hJ jynf
wGif;vkyfief;&SifawGuawmh xd
awmhrSmyJ}} [k awmf0ifaqmuf
vkyfa&; ukrPD\ tBuD;tuJ
OD;udkudkaxG;u ajymonf/

oD;jcm;jy|mef;xm;onfh
tajctae wpf & yf & yf j zif h
aqmif&u
G cf iG jhf yKonfh pD;yGm;a&;
vkyfief;trsKd;tpm;rsm; pm&if;
wGif vkyfief;trsKd;tpm; 176
rsKd ; xk w f j yef x m;onf / ,if ;

vkyfief;rsm;udk vkyfudkifvdkygu
vkdtyfcsuftjzpf owfqkdif&m
0efBuD;Xme\ oabmxm;rSwf
csufjzifh aqmif&GufcGifhjyKonfh
vkyfief;? tjcm;cGifhjyKcsufjzifh
aqmif&GufcGifhjyKonfh vkyfief;?
ywf0ef;usifxdcdkufrI qef;ppf
csuf &,l&ef vdktyfonfh vkyf
ief;[k u@tvdu
k f trsK;d tpm;
rsm; cJGjcm;azmfjyxm;onf/
jrefrmbmomrS ty EkdifiH
jcm;bmomjzifh xkwfa0onfh
tcsd e f r S e f owif ; pmrsm;ES i f h
TVChannel rsm;udkrl oufqkdif
&m jynfaxmifpk0efBuD;Xme\
oabmxm;rSwfcsufjzifh cGifhjyK
onfh vkyfief;trsKd;tpm;wGif
xnfhoGif;xm;onf/

csif;jynfe,fwGif wm0efxrf;aqmif&ef
csif;vufaxmufq&m0ef 18 OD;a&G;cs,fcefYtyf
0wf&nfatmif
&efukef? azazmf0g&D -4
csif ; jynf e ,f t wG i f ; wm0ef
xrf;aqmifEkdif&ef csif;wkdif;&if;
om; vufaxmufq&m0ef 18 OD;
udk a&G;cs,cf eft
Y yfvu
dk af Mumif;
jynfaxmifpk&mxl;0eftzGJUu
xkwfjyefonf/
csif;jynfe,f&Sd aq;kHrsm;
wGif q&m0efvkdtyfcsuf&Sdaomf
vnf; a'ocHq&m0efvufrSwf
&&Sdxm;olvli,frsm; pmar;yGJ
rsm; tBudrfBudrf ajzqkdaomf
vnf ; a&G ; cs,f c H & jcif ; r&S d
usef;rma&;tcufBuKHae&jcif;
ESifh ywfoufonfh vTwfawmf
twGif; ar;jref;rItm; jyefvnf
xkwjf yefaMunmcJjh cif;jzpfonf/
]]EIwfajzppfwJhtcgrSm a0;
vHwJhjynfe,fa'oawGu ajz
qko
d al wGukd twwfEidk q
f ;Hk ouf
SmpGmppfaq;a&G;cs,yf gw,f/}}
[k usef;rma&;0efBuD;Xme jynf
axmifpk0efxrf;a'gufwmaz
oufcif u trsK;d om;vTwaf wmf
ukd,fpm;vS,fwpfOD;\ar;cGef;
tm; jyefvnfajzMum;cJhonf/
,cifESpfu vufaxmuf
q&m0ef 500 OD;ac:,lcNhJ y;D ,ck
ESpw
f iG f3qwk;d jri
hf vufaxmuf
q&m0ef 1500 OD;ac:qdkcJh&m
vl 3000 ausmfavQmufxm;cJh
NyD; 1900 tm; EIwfajzppfaq;
a&G;cs,fcJhaMumif; od&onf/

xk d a 'orsm;wG i f oG m ;

a&mufwm0efxrf;aqmifonfh
q&m0ef r sm;tm; bJ G U vG e f a jz
aomtcg ta&G;cHEkdif&ef tmr
cH c suf a y;jcif ; ? wm0ef x rf ;
aqmifNyD; 2 ESpfjynfhonfhtcg
awmif ; cH o nf h ae&mrsm;ok d Y
jyefvnfcsxm;ayjcif;? vpmESpf
qay;jcif; ponfhtpDtrHrsm;
vnf; aqmif&Gufaeonf/
]] od&oavmufuawmh
csif;jynfe,frSm vGefcJhwJh 2 ESpf
twGif; q&m0ef&Spfa,mufcefY
xm;wm/ tckav;a,mufyw
J m
0efxrf;aqmifEidk w
f ,f/ 'Dv&dk m
oDOwkqkd;&Gm;vGef;wJhae&mrSm
wjcm;ae&muvmwm0efxrf;
aqmifEidk w
f mudyk J aus;Zl;wif&
rSmyg/ tJ'aD wmhb,ftMumBuD;
aeEkdifrSmvJ/ tckvkd ukd,fhjynf
e,fu olawGudkyJ jyefvkyfEkdif
wmuawmh wu,fudkaus;Zl;
wifp&mygh}} [k csif;trsKd;om;
ygwDOuXOD;Zk;d Zrfu ajymonf/

vuf&SdwGif csif;wkdif;&if;
om; vufaxmufq&m0ef t
rsKd;om; 9 OD;ESifh trsKd;orD; 9
OD; t&mxrf;avmif; tajccH
oifwef;wufa&mufvsuf&SdNyD;
vmrnf h r wf v 22 &uf w G i f
oif w ef ; qif ; NyD ; onf h t cg p
wifumwm0efxrf;aqmifrnf
jzpfaMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
csif;jynfe,fwGif cefYrSef;
vlOD;a& ajcmufodef;ausmf ae
xdkifvsuf&Sdonf/

tcsyfykd

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

qDwifoabFm rD;avmifrIaMumifh vl 4 OD; aoqHk;


rdk;ndK
&efukef?azazmf0g&D-4
azazmf0g&D 4 &uf nae 5 em&DausmfwGif
&efukefwkdif;a'oBuD; vIdifNrdKUe,f (4)&yf
uGuf ckdif[HkvDopfawm0if;qdyfurf; qD
wGJrsm;wifaqmifxm;onfh oabFmESpfpD;
rD;avmifuRrf;um vla v;OD; aoqH k ; cJ h
aMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
jrefrmhpD;yGm;a&;OD;ykdifvDrdwufykdif
jr0wD X mecG J r S atmif o k c {&mpuf o H k ;
qDwifoabFmu pwif avmifuRrf;cJh
jcif;jzpfaMumif; tcif;jzpfyGm;&mae&m&Sd

&Jt&m&SdwpfOD;uajymonf/
bk&ifah emifvrf;ray: jr0wDpufo;kH
qDa&mif;0,fa&;0if; taemufbufqdyf
urf ; wG i f urf ; uyf x m;onf h qD w if
oabFmay: qDjznfhwif;pOf rD;avmif
uRrf;cJhjcif;jzpfonf/ avmifuRrf;csdef 1
em&DtwGif; qDwifoabFmESihf wGJoabFm
ESppf ;D rD;avmifuRr;f cJNh y;D vlav;OD; aoqH;k
um ajcmufOD; 'Pf&m&&SdcJhaMumif; jrefrm
EkdifiH rD;owfOD;pD;XmerS 'kwd,TefMum;
a&;rSL;u ajymonf/
]]ysupf ;D qH;k H;I rIwefz;kd udk nEd iId ;f aeqJ

yg}}[k if;uajymonf/ ykdYaqmifa&;0ef


BuD;XmerS vIdifjrpftwGif; vma&mufNidrf;
owfonfh rD;owfa&,mOfEpS pf ;D rSm tcsed f
rDNidrf;owfEkdifcJhjcif; r&SdaMumif; if;u
ajymonf/
qDwifoabFmESpfpD;wGif wpfpD;u
urf;ezl;twkid ;f arsmygqufvufavmif
uRrf;cJhNyD; ,if;rD;avmifrIaMumifh &efukef
wkdif;a'oBuD;rS rD;owfum; pkpkaygif; 50
pD;cefEY iS fh rD;owftiftm; 500 cefrY S rD;Nird ;f
owfcJh&aMumif; rD;owfOD;pD;XmerS Tef
Mum;a&;rSL; OD;oif;aX;a&Tu ajymonf/

EdkifiHtwGif;aexdkifoltm;vHk;udk oef;acgifpm&if;wGif
xnhfoGif;aumuf,lrnfjzpfaomfvnf; EdkifiHom;udpESihfrqdkif[kqdk
tdjzLrGef
&efukef? Zefe0g&D-28
jynfv;kH uRwv
f Ol ;D a& oef;acgif
pm&if;aumuf,l&mwGif jrefrm
EdkifiH aexdkifaom wdkif;&if;
om;vlrsK;d rsm;tjyif tjcm;vlrsK;d
rsm;udkyg xnfhoGif;aumuf,l
rnfjzpfaomfvnf; EdkifiHom;
tjzpf owfrSwfjcif;ESihf rqdkif
aMumif; vl0ifrIBuD;Muyfa&;ESihf
jynf o l Y t if t m;0ef B uD ; Xme
jynfaxmifpk0efBuD; OD;cif&Du
ajymMum;onf/

tjcm;vlrsK;d rsm;udk oD;oefY


pm&if;oGi;f xm;rnfjzpfaMumif;?
EdkifiHom;jzpfjcif;? rjzpfjcif;udk
jynfaxmifpktpdk;&u qHk;jzwf
vdrrhf nfjzpfaMumif;? ukvor*
vlOD;a&&efyHkaiGtzJGUESihf 0efBuD;
XmewdkY yl;aygif;aqG;aEG;yJGwGif
0efBuD;ESihf oef;acgifpm&if;udk
t"duwm0ef,l aumufcaH om
vl0ifrIBuD;Muyfa&;rSL;wm0efcH
wpfOD;u ajymonf/
,if;aqG;aEG;yJGwGif &ckdif
jynfe,f&Sd b*FgvDvlrsKd;rsm;ESihf

ywfouf ,if;vlrsK;d rsm;onf


dk[if*smrsm;[k ajymqdkaeMu
aomfvnf; rdrdwdkYEdkifiHwGif ae
xdkifaom wdkif;&if;om;vlrsKd;
pm&if;wGif ryg0ifaMumif;? Edik if H
om;jzpfciG u
hf kd jynfaxmifpt
k pd;k
&uom qH;k jzwfrnfjzpfaMumif;
0efBuD;u ajymMum;cJhonf/
]]oef;acgifpm&if; aumuf
,laewJh umvtwGif;rSm &Sdae
wJhvlawGtm;vHk;udk aumufrSm
yg/ EdkifiHom;jzpfjcif;? rjzpfjcif;
u oef;acgifpm&if;aumuf,l

jcif;eJY rqdkifygbl;/ tJ'gudk em;


vnfrIrvJGapcsifygbl;}} [k 0ef
BuD;u ajymMum;onf/
jynf v H k ; uRwf o ef ; acgif
pm&if ; aumuf , l & ef t wG u f
prf;oyfumvtcsdef 35 v vdk
tyfrnfjzpfonf/ oef;acgifpm
&if; aumuf,lrIudk ukvor*
vlO;D a&&efyakH iGtzJUG ESifh yl;aygif;
aumuf,lrnfjzpfNyD; aumufcH
rnhfumvtwGif; tar&duef
a':vm 58 'or 5 oef; ukef
usrnfjzpfonf/

ig;zrf;oabmFrsm; yifv,fjyifBuD;MuyfapmifhMunfha&;pepf rjzpfraewyfqif&rnf tpdk;&opfvufxuf


oef;aX;
&efukef? azazmf0g&D -1
yifv,fjyifwGif ig;zrf;xG u f
aom oabmFrsm;tm;BuD;Muyf
apmifhMunhfa&;pepf( VMS)wyf
qifjcif;r&Sdygu ig;zrf;vkdifpif
xkwfray;bJ ta&;,loGm;rnf
jzpfaMumif; ig;vkyif ef;OD;pD;Xme
jynfyykdYukeft&nftaoG;ppf
aq;a&;Xme TefMum;a&;rI;OD;
xGef;xGef;0if; u ajymonf/
ADtrftufpf pepfqkdonf
rSm urf;ajcwGifuGefjyLwmpepf
jzifh txkdifpufwpfckxm;NyD;yif

v,fjyif&Sdig;zrf;oabFmrsm;
pufwpfcw
k yfqifumrnfonfh
ig;zrf;uGuw
f iG t
f qkyd goabFm
rsm;ig;zrf;qD;aeonfukd N*Kd[f
wk r S w pf q if h BuD ; Muyf a pmif h
Munhfjcif;jzpfonf/
]]olwkdYvkyfief;&SifawGu
awmh yku
d q
f u
H ek rf mS qkad wmh jiif;
wmaygh? tpd;k &ykid ;f uawmhrwyf
rjzpfwyf&r,fav?ADtrftuf pf
pepfrwyfbl;qkd&ifawmh tuf
&S i f w pf c k v mrS m ayh g ? vk d i f p if
xkwrf ay;awmhwmtxd aemuf
ykdif;vkyfrSm}} [k TefMum;a&;rI;

OD;xGef;xGef;0if;u ajymonf/
&efuek ?f Nrw
d ?f aumhaomif;?
ppfawGwkdUwGif jrefrmhyifv,f
jyif ig;zrf;vkdifpifr&SdbJ ig;ckd;
zrf;aomoabmFrsm;tm; apmifh
Munhfavhvm&eftwGuf tqkd
ygpepftm;rjzpfraewyfqif&
rnf[k4if;uajymonf/
]]oabmF a wG u d k apmif h
Munf h k H o uf o uf q k d & if a wmh
oabFmykdif&SifawG taeeJY ykduf
qHukefkHoufoufrkdY rwyfcsif
bl;}} [k vkyfief;&SifwpfOD;u
ajymonf/

Oya'csKd;azmufonhf 0efxrf;
wpfaomif;cGJausmf ta&;,l
oef;xl;
aejynfawmf? azazmf0g&D-4
tpd;k &opfvufxufwiG f Oya'
csK;d azmufonhf 0efxrf; 16000
ausmfudk ta&;,lcJhaMumif; o
wif;&&Sdonf/
jynfaxmifpktpdk;&tzJGU
Hk;rS trsKd;om;vTwfawmf? jynf
olw\
Ykd wdik Mf um;pmESifh toem;
cHpmqdkif&m aumfrwDOu|
OD;atmifNidrf;u tpdk;&opf
pwif w m0ef , l o nh f t csd e f r S
,cktcsdeftxd pmjzifhowday;
jcif; 4333 OD;? ESpfwdk;vpm&yf
qdik ;f 816 OD;? &mxl;&yfqikd ;f 185
OD;? vpmavQmch s 2566 OD;? &mxl;
tqihaf vQmh 898 OD;? vpmrSay;
avsmh 80 OD;? wm0efrS ,m,D&yf
qdkif; 134 OD;? &mxl;rSxkwfy,f
1738 OD;? 0efxrf;tjzpfrS xkwf
y,f 4973 OD; ponfjzihf toD;
oD;&Scd ahJ Mumif; azmfjyxm;onf/
if;tjyif jynfxJa&;0ef
BuD;XmerS jyif;xefpGm Iwfcs 87
OD;? &JtcsKyw
f iG f axmif'Pf 380

&efukefwGif wpfywftwGif;
tiftm;tenf;&Sd ajrivsif ESpfBudrfvIyf
rdk;ndK? atmifopfvGif
&efukef? azazmf0g&D-5
&efukefNrdKUwGif wpfywftwGif;
tif t m;enf ; i,f & S d o nf h ajr
ivsiEf pS Bf urd f vIycf wfcahJ Mumif;
aejynfawmfrdk;av0oESifh Zv
aA'TeMf um;rIO;D pD;Xmeu xkwf
jyefonf/
2012 ckEpS f Ek0d ifbmv 11
&ufu vIyfcwfcJhaom oydwf
usif;ajrivsif\ aemufquf
wJG ajrivsifrsm;jzpfEkdifaMumif;
aejynfawmf rkd;^Zvajr ivsif
XmecJGrS 'kwd,TefMum;a&;rSL;
u ajymonf/
txyfjrifw
h u
dk w
f m trsm;
qkH; wnf&Sd&m pD;yGm;a&;NrdKUawmf
&efukef Zefe0g&D 30 &uf n 8
em&Dausmu
f tiftm; 3 'or 7
&pfcsfwm pau;tqifh&Sd ivsif
vIyfcwfrIaMumifh &efukefNrdKUae
jynf o l t rsm;pk od & S d c H p m;cJ h &
onf/

,if;ivsifvIyfcwftNyD;
ESp&f uftMum azazmf0g&D 2 &uf
aeYv,f 1 em&DwGif urmat;
ajrivsifpcef;\ awmifta&SU
awmifbuf 42 rkdiftuGm tif
tm;&pfcsfpwmpau; 3 'or
4 tqifh &Sd ajrivsifwpfck vIyf
cwfomG ;cJah omfvnf; &efuek Nf rKd U
ae jynfoltrsm;pkod&Sd rcHpm;
vkduf&ay/
]]jywfa&GUtao;av;awG
uae jzpfaewmyg/ 'gawGu
ajrivsit
f ao;av;awGyg}} [k
jrefrmEkdifiH ajrivsifaumfrwD
rS OD;pdk;ol&xGef;u ajymonf/
txuf y g ajrivsif r sm;
rvIyfcwfrDu &efukefNrdKU\ t
eD;pyfqkH;wkdufBuD; NrdKUe,fwGif
tiftm;&pfcsw
f mpau; 3 'or
5 tqifh&Sd ajrivsifwpfck Zefe
0g&D 20 &ufu vIycf wfcahJ Mumif;
aejynfawmf ajrivsifXmerS
xkwfjyefonf/

xkdif;EkdifiH&Sd taxmuftxm;rJh
jrefrmuav;i,frsm;twGuf owfrSwfNyD;
aexkdifcGihfADZmaMu; avQmhayghjyifqif&ef tcsdef,l&rnf
at;jrwfol
&efukef?azazmf0g&D-4
xkdif;EkdifiHwGif;&Sd taxmuft
xm;rJh jrefrmuav;i,frsm;t
wGuf aexkdifcGihfADZmaMu;tm;
owf r S w f E I e f ; r[k w f b J bwf
500 EIe;f jzihf avQmah yghowfrw
S f
rnfqkdygu tcsdef,l&rnfjzpf
aMumif; tvkyform;TefMum;
rIO;D pD;XmerS TeMf um;a&;rSL;csKyf
OD;rsdK;atmifuajymonf/
]]olwdkYtpkd;&0efBuD;tzGJU
wifNy;D rSq&dk if 6 vMumrS &r,f/
'gayrJh ADZmaMu;u bwf 500 eJY
owfrw
S af y;r,f/ csucf si;f vkyf
r,fq&dk ifawmh bwf 1900 ay;
&r,f}}[k OD;rsdK;atmifuajym
onf/
xkid ;f Ekid if w
H iG ;f &Sd taxmuf
txm;xkwfay;&ef usef&Sdae
onfh jrefrmvkyfom;rsm; tyg
t0if uav;i,frsm;ukd ,ckv

15 &ufwGif pwif EkdifiHul;


vufrSwfrsm; xkwfay;rnfjzpf
onf/ odkYaomf if;pDrHcsuft
wGif; touf 15 ESpfatmuf u
av;rsm;twGuf aexdik cf iG Afh ZD m
aMu;tm; xkdif;bwfaiG 1900
owfrSwfxm;jcif;jzpfonf/
xkt
Yd jyif ,ckxw
k af y;rnfh
,m,D E k d i f i H u l ; taxmuf t
xm; xkwfay;&m ywfpydkYouf
wrf; 6 ESpftjzpf owfrSwfxm;
NyD; uav;i,frsm;\ ywfpfydkYpm
tkyt
f m; tjyma&miftjzpf owf
rSwfxm;onf/ xkdif;EkdifiHwGif;
taxmuftxm;rJh jzpfaeonfh
jrefrmuav;i,f ysrf;rQtm;
jzihf ESpfodef;cefY&Sdum taxmuf
txm;&&SdNyD;ygu usef;rma&;
apmihaf &SmufciG t
fh ygt0if xkid ;f
EkdifiH&dS pmoifausmif;rsm;wGif
ynmoifMum;Ekid rf nfjzpfonf/

OD;? &JrIxrf;oufavQmh 689 OD;?


r,lrae& tNidrf;pm;yifpif 20
OD;? ajymif;a&TUjypf'Pf 52 OD;? &J
pnf;urf;wpfOD;jzihf pkpkaygif;
16952 OD;udk ta&;,lcJhjcif;
jzpfonf/ xdkYtjyif rrSefruef
wdkifMum;rIESihfywfouf odyH
ESihf enf;ynm0efBuD;XmerS ykwf
jywf0efxrf;wpfO;D tm; touf
BuD; vkyif ef;wm0efukd auseyf

zG,f&m xrf;aqmifEdkifjcif; r&Sd


onht
f wGuf wm0efrS &yfqikd ;f cJh
aMumif;vnf; azmfjyyg&Sdonf/
,aeY usif;yaom trsKd;
om;vTwaf wmf q|rykrH eS t
f pnf;
ta0; 13 &ufajrmufaeYwGif
OD;atmifNidrf;u txufyg tpD
&ifcHpmtm; zwfMum;cJhjcif;
jzpfonf/

tcsyfykd

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

ucsifjynfe,fokdY vlom;csif;pmemrI tultnDay;rnfh EkdifiHwumtzGJUtpnf;rsm;tm; EkdifiHawmforwcGihfjyK


tultnDtaxmuftyHhvkyfief;rsm; vkyfaqmifoGm;rnf[k
ukvtxl;udk,fpm;vS,fajym
atmifol&
jrpfBuD;em;?azazmf0g&D-5
EkdifiHawmforwu EkdifiHwum
tzGUJ tpnf;rsm;tm; wku
d yf rJG sm;
jzpfyGm;aeaom ucsifjynfe,f
twGif; vlom;csif;pmemaom
taxmuftyHhrsm; cGihfjyKvkduf
NyDjzpf&m ulnDrIvkyfief;rsm;vkyf
aqmif a wmh r nf j zpf a Mumif ;
ukvor*taxGaxGtwGif;
a&;rSL;csKyf txl;tBuHay;u
ajymMum;onf/
xkduJhodkY yHhykd;&eftwGuf
tBuHay;ukd,fpm;vS,f rpwm
erfbD;,m;ESihf orwHk;jynf
axmifpk0efBuD; OD;pdk;odef;? vl
0ifrBI uD;Muyfa&;ESifh jynfot
Yl if

tm;0efBuD;Xme jynfaxmifpk
0efBuD; OD;cif&DwdkYonf jrpfBuD;
em;ES i h f 0k d i f ; armf N rd K UteD ; &S d
'kuonfpcef;rsm;okdY azazmf
0g&D 5 &ufwiG f oGm;a&mufMunhf
IcJhonf/
]],ltifeftaeeJY aomf
vnf;aumif;? wjcm;aom vlrI
zlvHka&;taxmuftyHhay;ae
wJt
h zGUJ awGeaYJ omfvnf;aumif;
a'ocH ' k u o nf p cef ; awG e J Y
vufwGJNyD; ulnDrIvkyfief;awG
vk y f a qmif oG m ;ygr,f } }[k
ucsifjynfe,fodkY yxrqHk;
tBudrf vma&mufaom rpwm
erfbD;,m;uajymonf/
EdkifiHawmforwu EdkifiH

'kuonfpcef;rS uav;i,fwpfOD;tm; ayGUcsDxm;onfh rpwmerfbD;,m;

wum tzGJUtpnf;rsm;tm;
ucsijf ynfe,foYkd vlom;csi;f pm
emaxmufxm;aom tultnD

"mwfyHk - atmifol&

rsm; cGifhjyKvdkufNyDjzpfNyD; tul


tnDay;rnfh tzGJUtpnf;rsm;
vHkNcHKa&;udk tpdk;&ESifh autdkif

tdk ESpfzufpvHk;u wm0ef,l


ay;&rnf[k orwu ajymMum;
aMumif; orwHk;0efBuD; OD;pdk;
odef;uajymMum;onf/
xkt
Yd jyif azazmf0g&D 4 &uf
u ]]ucsifvGwfajrmufa&;tzGJU
(KIO)eJY jrefrmtpdk;&wkdY Nidrf;
csrf;a&;aqG;aEG;vmwm[m ykd
Ny;D wnfNird w
f hJ at;csr;f wJt
h ajc
taewpfcak y: a&mufomG ;vdrhf
r,fvkdY ,HkMunfarQmfvifhyg
w,f}} [kvnf; rpwmerfbD;
,m;u ajymonf/
,ckuJhokdY ucsifjynfe,f
jrpfBuD;em;NrdKUodkY vma&mufavh
vmaom rpwmerfbD;,m;\
c&D;pOfESihfywfoufNyD; ucsif
jynfe,f Nidrf;csrf;a&;tusdK;
awmfaqmiftzGJUOu| OD;,Gyf
aZmfacgifu ]]'gyGihfvif;jrif

omrIudkjywJh tajccHaumif;
wpfckvdkY owfrSwfygw,f/ ,Hk
MunfrI ykdwnfaqmufvkdY&wm
aygh}}[k oHk;oyfajymMum;onf/
rpwmerfbD;,m;ESihf 0ef
BuD;OD;pdk;odef;wkdYtzGJUonf jrpf
BuD;em;NrdKUteD;&Sd *sefrkdifaumif;
ES p f j cif ; c&pf , mef ' k u o nf p
cef;? pDwmyl&yfuGuf&Sd qGwfidkif
awmif'kuonfpcef; 0dkif;armf
NrdKUteD;&Sd om*&bkef;awmfBuD;
ausmif;wGif;&Sd'kuonfpcef;
ESifh rdik ;f em;ESpjf cif;c&pf,mef 'ku
onfpcef;rsm;odYk oGm;a&mufNyD;
pcef;wm0ef&Sdolrsm;ESihf awGUqHk
ar;jref;cJhonf/
ucsijf ynfe,fwiG f ppfajy;
'kuonf wpfodef;0ef;usif&Sd
onf/

{&m0wDjrpfaumfr&Sif zGJUpnf;&ef trsdK;om;vTwfawmf twnfjyK oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef wm0ef,lwnfaqmufrnfh


u&pfjrpfBuD;wpfpif; taumif trsm;ykdifukrPDopf xlaxmif&ef trsm;ykdifukrPDrsm;udk zdwfac:
oef;xl;
txnfazmfzkdY pDpOfaewJhtcsdef
aejynfawmf?azazmf0g&D-5
{&m0wDjrpfaumfr&Sifudk ynm
&Sifrsm;? wm0ef&Sdolrsm;jzifh zGJU
pnf;oGm;&ef ,aeYusif;yaom
trsd K ;om;vT w f a wmf w G i f t
wnfjyKqHk;jzwfcJhonf/
jrefrmEkdifiH\ trsdK;om;
jrpfBuD;{&m0wD xm0&&Sifoef
apa&;twG u f ]{&m0wD j rpf
aumfr&Sif} zGJUpnf;aqmif&Guf
oGm;&eftqdkudk trsdK;om;vTwf
awmfwGif vTwfawmfukd,fpm;
vS,f OD;rsdK;jrihfu ,aeY tqdk
wifoGif;cJhonf/ tqdkudk vTwf
awmfukd,fpm;vS,f ajcmufOD;
u axmuf c H a qG ; aEG ; NyD ; yk d Y
aqmif a &;0ef B uD ; Xme 'k 0 ef
BuD;OD;[efpdefu jyefvnfaqG;
aEG;&mwGifvnf; aumfr&SifzGJU
&ef axmufcHcJhum 0efBuD;Xme
taejzihf vdktyfonfrsm;yg0if
ul n D a qmif & G u f a y;rnf j zpf
aMumif; aqG;aEG;oGm;onf/
]]tdrfeD;csif;EkdifiHwpfckrSm
rdkif 7000 avmuf&SnfwJh uGef

rSm uReaf wmfwEYdk idk if u


H &SNd y;D om;
1350 rdkif&SnfwJh obm0{&m
0wDjrpfBuD;udk xm0&&SifoefzkdY
rapmifha&Smufoifhbl;vm;}}[k
trsdK;om;vTwfawmfukd,fpm;
vS,f OD;wifjruvnf; axmuf
cHaqG;aEG;onf/
{&m0wDjrpfurf;teD;wGif
aexkdifol trsdK;om;vTwfawmf
ukd,fpm;vS,f OD;cufxdefeefu
vnf; ]],aeY EkdifiHolEdkifiHom;
tm;vHk; od&Sdxm;oifhwmu {
&m0wDjrpfBuD;udk xdef;odrf;Ekdif
a&;rSm ykdYaqmifa&;0efBuD;Xme
wGio
f m wm0ef&o
dS nf r[kwb
f J
tm;vH k ; rS m yg wm0ef & S d a eyg
w,f}}[k ajymqkdaqG;aEG;onf/
tqku
d dk rJcq
JG ;kH jzwf&mwGif
vTwfawmfukd,fpm;vS,f 196
OD;&Sd&mwGif 170 OD;u axmuf
cHNyD; uefYuGufrJ 13 rJ? Mum;ae
rJ 7 rJ? rJray;ol 6 OD; &Sdaom
aMumihf tqkdukd twnfjyKEkdifcJh
jcif;jzpfonf/

2012 twGif; rSwfyHkwifonfh tiSm;,mOfpD;a& 2011 xuf oHk;qrsm;


at;jrwfol
&efukef?azazmf0g&D-4
&efukefNrdKUwGif NyD;cJhonfhESpft
wGif; vkyfief;vkyfukdifcGihfjyKcJh
aom wupt
D pD;a&onf 2011
ckESpfESihf EIdif;,SOfygu oHk;qjrihf
wufcJhaMumif; ykdYaqmifa&;pDrH
ude;f OD;pD;XmerS owif;&&So
d nf/
&efukefNrdKUwGif; vkyfief;
vkyfukdifcGifhjyKcJhaom wupDt
pD ; a&onf 2012 ck E S p f r S p
,ckESpf Zefe0g&D 9 &uftxd
tpD;a&wpfaomif;ausmf&SdcJhNyD;

2011 ckESpftwGif; vkyfief;vkyf


ukdifcGihf wupDtpD;a& 3000
ausmf xkwaf y;cJo
h nf/ xkt
Yd jyif
&efukefNrdKUtwGif; ,ckESpf Zefe
0g&D 9 &ufxd tiSm;,mOftjzpf
vkyu
f idk cf iG jfh yKcNhJ y;D pkpak ygif; tpD;
a& oHk;aomif;eD;yg;cefY &Sdonf/
]]tckxdawmh wupDtpD;
a&awG uefYowfzdkYawmh bmrS
ajymxm;wmr&Sad o;ygbl;/quf
NyD;ay;aewkef;yJ}}[k ukef;vrf;
ykdYaqmifTefMum;rI OD;pD;Xme
wm0ef&SdolwpfOD;uajymonf/

tm;rmef
&efukef?azazmf0g&D-5
oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;ZkefwGif
tajccH t aqmuf t tH k r sm;
wnfaqmuf&efESihf ZkeftwGif;
vkyfief;rsm; vkyfukdif&ef trsm;
ykid u
f rk P
w
D pfck wnfaxmif&ef
twGuf jynfwGif;&Sd trsm;ykdif
uk r P D r sm;ud k zd w f a c:xm;
aMumif; owif;&&Sdonf/
]]ouf w rf ; &S d trsm;yk d i f
ukrPD 9 ck&Sdw,f/ 9 ckvHk;udk
zdwfac:xm;w,f/ olwdkYtm;
vH k ; qD u vk y f y gr,f q k d w J h t
aMumif;jyefcsufawmh r&ao;
bl;/ aemufwpfBurd jf yefNy;D quf
oG,faew,f}}[k trsdK;om;pDrH
udef;ESihf pD;yGm;a&;zGHUNzdK;wdk;wuf
rI 0efBuD;Xme 'kwd,0efBuD; OD;
qufatmifuajymonf/ 2012

ESpfukefykdif;txd jynfwGif; t
pk&S,f,m0if 50 OD;ESihf txuf
&Sdaom trsm;ykdifukrPD 12 ck&Sd
&mwGif 3 ckrSm oufwrf;rwdk;
awmh wnf & S d a eqJ u k r P D
9 ckukd oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;
ZkeftwGuf tajccHtaqmuf
ttH k r sm; wnf a qmuf a &;
(Developer)vkyfief;rsm; vkyf
udkifrnfhtrsm;ykdifukrPDwGif
tpk&,
S ,
f m yg0ifvyk u
f ikd Mf u&ef
zdwfac:xm;jcif;jzpfonf/
odkYaomf txufyg trsm;
ykid u
f rk P
D 9 ckwiG f bPfrsm;ryg
0ifaMumif;vnf; OD;qufatmif
uajymonf/
xkdYtjyif ,ckavmavm
q,f w G i f r S trsm;yk d i f u k r P D
wnfaxmifcGihf&aom ukrPD
rsm;ukv
d nf; zdwaf c:&ef&NdS y;D t

Murf;zsi;f trsm;ykid u
f rk P
D 12 ck
0ef;usifjzihf ukrPDopfudk ,ck
&ufydkif;twGif; zGJUpnf;rnf[k
if;uqufvufajymonf/
trsm;ydkifukrPDopfwGif
&if;ESD;jrKyfESH yg0ifvkyfukdif&ef
Zef e 0g&D v u zd w f a c:jcif ; cH
xm;&NyD ; if ; wk d Y u vnf ; 0if
a&mufvkyfukdifrnf[k Zefe0g&D
vaemufq;kH ywfwiG f taMumif;
jyefxm;aMumif; trsm;ykdifukr
PDwpfckjzpfaom jrefrmhv,f
,mpD ; yG m ;a&;aumf y k d a &;&S i f ;
(MAPCO)rS 'gdkufwmOD;&Jrif;
atmifuvnf;ajymonf/
topfzGJUpnf;rnfh trsm;
ykdifukrPDrSm ZkefzGHUNzdK;rIvkyfief;
rsm;tjyif Zkefpwifvnfywfyg
u ZkefBuD;Muyfa&;vkyfief;rsm;
(Operator)wGiv
f nf; yg0ifvyk f

ukdif&rnfjzpfonf/ jrefrm-*s
yeftpdk;&csif; yl;aygif;aqmif
&GufrIjzihf oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;
a&;Zkefudk wnfaxmifrnfjzpf
NyD; rpfqlbpf&SD? qlrDwdkrkd? rmkbD
eDaumfykda&;&Sif;wdkYuvnf; yg
0ifvkyfukdifrnfjzpfonf/
jrefrmEkid if rH S 51 &mcdik Ef eI ;f ?
*syefEkdifiHrS 49 &mcdkifEIef; &if;ESD;
jrKyfESHrnfh tqkdygpDrHudef;udk ,
ckvwGif obm0ywf0ef;usif
qkdif&m BudKwifpHkprf;axmuf
vS r f ; tpD & if c H p m (EIA) pwif
aqmif&Gufrnfjzpfonf/ ,ck
ESpf pufwifbmwGif tajccHt
aqmufttHkrsm; pwifaqmuf
vk y f N yD ; 2015 wG i f Zk e f p wif
vnfywf&ef tpkd;&u &nf&G,f
xm;onf/

&efukef? rEav;ESifh [Hom0wDavqdyfwnfaqmufa&;vkyfief;rsm; ZlvkdifwGifpwifrnf


tdjzLvGif ? cefYxuf
&efukef?
azazmf0g&D -2
&efukef? rEav;ESifh [Hom0wD
avqdyfwnfaqmufa&;vkyf
ief;rsm;tm;vkH;udk vmrnfhZl
vkdifvwGif pwifaqmif&Guf&ef
vsmxm;aMumif; avqdyfykdY
aqmifa&; TefMum;a&;rI;OD;pD;
XmerS owif;&&Sdonf/
avqdyfrsm;udk tqifhjrifh
jcif; ESifh wnfaqmufa&;vkyf
ief;rsm;ukdyk*vduESifhyl;aygif;
aqmif&Gufrnfjzpf&m wif'g
ac:,ljcif;ukd ,ckv 8 &ufrSp
wifrnfjzpf{NyDvwGif wif'g

rsm;aemufq;Hk ay;oGi;f &rnfjzpf


onf/
,if;avqdyf 3 ckteuf
[Hom0wDavqdyo
f nf topf
aqmufvyk jf cif;jzpfNyD; &efukef
avqdyt
f m; c&D;onf0ifa&muf
rIrsm;jym;vmonfhtwGuf t
qifhjrifhwif wnfaqmufjcif;
jzpfonf/ okdYaomf rEav;av
qdyo
f nf ukepf nfrsm;pD;qif;&ef
twGuf t"du&nf&G,ft
qifhjrifhwif wnfaqmufjcif;
jzpfonf/
wif ' ga&G ; cs,f j cif ; ud k
vnf; *syefEidk if rH S tBuaH y;tzGUJ
ESifhtwla&G;cs,frnfjzpfNyD;wif

'gatmifjrifolrsm;ESifh vkyf
aqmif&rnfh vkyfief;pOftqifh
qifhukd Zlvkdifv rwkdifrD NyD;pD;
atmif aqmif&GufoGm;rnf[k
tqkyd gXmerS nTeMf um;a&;rI;csKyf
OD;wifEkdifxGef;u ajymMum;
onf/
vuf&Sd [Hom0wDESifh rE
av;avqdyfrsm;twGuftBuKd
t&nftcsif;ppf(ukrPD\aiG
aMu;wwfEkdifrIESifh vkyfEkdifpGrf;)
atmifjrifNyD;onfh ukrPD 7 ckpD
&SdaMumif; od&Sd&onf/
[Hom0wDwGif jrefrmukr
PDwpfzGJUomyg0ifaomfvnf;
rEav;twGuftBuKdt&nft

csif ; ppf atmif j rif N yD ; onf h


ukrPDrsm;wGif at;&Sm;a0g?
a&ToHvGif? xl;? a&Gawmif? FMI
ponfh jrefrmukrPDrsm;onf
vnf; ConsertiumtzGJUrsm;t
jzpf yg0ifaMumif; avaMumif;ykUd
aqmifa&;nTeMf um;rIO;D pD;Xme rS
od&Sd&onf/
xk d a vqd y f c k t jyif j ynf
wGi;f &Sad vqdyrf sm;udyk g yk*v
u
d
ESit
hf usK;d wl yl;aygif;aqmif&u
G f
NyD;vkyfaqmifoGm;&ef&SdaMumif;
avaMumif ; yk d Y a qmif a &;nT e f
Mum;rIOD;pD;Xmeu owif;&&Sd
onf/

tcsyfykd

Vol.11, No.48 February 7 , 2013

r*Fvmaps;wGif e,ft0,f ododomomus


oG,foG,fvif;? tdrGefausmf
&efukef? azazmf0g&D -4
e,fNrKUd rsm;okYd t0wftxnfrsm;
t"d u a&mif ; csvsuf & S d o nf h
r*F v maps;wG i f od o d o mom
a&miftm;usaeonfrSm ESpfv
ausm&f adS eNyjD zpfaMumif; txnf
qkdifykdif&Sifrsm;u ajymMum;
onf/
r*Fvmaps;rS jrefrmEkdifiH
tESo
YH Ydk t0wftxnfrsm;a&mif;
csvsuf&SdNyD; {&m0wDwkdif;? &ckdif
jynfe,f? weomF&Dwkdif; tp&dS
onfh jrefrmEkid if aH tmufyidk ;f a'
orsm;rS vma&muf0,f,lMu
onf[k od&onf/
]]ESpfvavmuf&SdNyD/ odod
omomudk a&mif;tm;usaewm
t&ifq,fhig;odef;zkd;0,fwJhvl
awGu tckig;odef;zkd;avmufyJ
0,fawmhw,f}} [k trsKd;om;
0wf tusE iS hf *si;f abmif;bDrsm;
a&mif;csaeaom txnfqkdif
ykdif&Sifu ajymonf/
e,fa'orsm;wGif pDymG ;a&;
tajctaet&yf&yfrsm;aMumifh
ta&mif;t0,fenf;yg;aeonf
rSm 4 vcefY &SdaeNyD; a&mif;tm;
3 qcefY avsmhusum ,cifwpf
vtwGif;a&mif;&aom t0wf
txnfrsm; ,ck 3 vMumatmif
a&mif;ae&aMumif; r*Fvmaps;rS
t0wftxnfrsm;0,f,al &mif;
csaeaom &ckdifjynfe,fppfawG
NrKdU&Sd pwkd;qkdifykdif&SifwpfOD;u

ajymonf/
]] a&mif;tm;u at;w,f
odyrf a&mif;&bl;? 0,fr,fv
h u
l dk
r&Sdwm xkdifae&w,f}} [k ,if;
pwkd;qkdifykdif&Sifu ajymonf/
r*Fvmaps;wGif ajrnDxyf
yxrxyf? 'kwd,xyfwGif qkdif
cef;aygif; 2000 eD;yg;&SNd yD; EkdifiH
jcm;jzpf t0wftxnftrsKd;rsKd;?
jynfwGif;jzpft0wftxnfrsKd;
rsKd; rSm ,la&mif;csvsuf&Sdonhf
e,fNrKdUrsm;rS 0,f,lol OD;a&
avsmhusvmum tcsKdU {&m0wD
jrpf0uRe;f ay:a'orsm;rSm 0,f
,lrIr&Sdawmh ,ckESpfqef;ykdif;
wGi;f aps;wpfaps;vk;H a&mif;tm;
xkd;usoGm;onf[k qkdifykdif&Sif
wpfOD;u ajymonf/
]] ta&mif;t0,fuawmh
a&cJ y J ? vuf v D y J a&mif ; ae&
w,f/ e,fazmufonfawG 90
&mcdkifEIef;avmufusw,f}} [k
if;u qufvufajymonf/
2010 u aps;rD;avmifNyD;
qkdifcef;rsm;ydwfvkduf& 0,f
vufrsm; odompGmavsmhusae
jcif;? &ckdify#dyu jzpfNyD;aemuf
&ckid rf S 0,f,o
l el nf;yg;jcif;? em
*pfrkefwkdif;wkdufNyD; {&m0wDa'
orsm;rS 0,f,lolrsm; avsmhus
aejcif ; ? pD ; yG m ;a&; tusyf t
wnf;aMumifh tcsKdUa'orsm;rS
vma&muf 0,f,rl I enf;yg;vm
um ,ckvykdif;wGif &efukefNrKdU
twGif;rS vufvD0,f,lolrsm;

udk oma&mif;csae&NyD; wpfaeY


vQif usyaf v;ig;aomif;cefo
Y m
a&mif;csae&onf[k trsKd;om;
0wftxnfa&mif;csaeol wpf
OD;u ajymonf/
]] 'Daps;u t"due,fawG
twGufyJav? e,fuvlawGr
0,fawmh ta&mif;xkdif;w,f}}
[k e,fa'orsm;udk trsm;qkH;
a&mif;csaeaom trsK;d orD;0wf
tusq
idk &f iS w
f pfO;D u ajymMum;
onf/

"mwfykH-ausmfZifoef;

aemfa0;tultnDjzifh NrdKUaygif; 100 ausmfwGif NrdKUtvkduf rdk;av0ocefYrSef;csuf xkwfjyefrnf


atmifopfvGif
&efukef? azazmf0g&D-3
aemfa0;trsKd;om; rdk;av0o
Xme\ enf;ynmqkdif&m tul
tnDjzifh NrdKUaygif; 100 ausmf
wGif NrdKUtvkduf rdk;av0ocefY
rSef;csufrsm; xkwfjyefay;Ekdif
awmhrnfjzpfaMumif; rd;k av0o
ESihf ZvaA' 'kw,
d TeMf um;a&;
rSL; OD;cspfausmfu ajymonf/
,ck E S p f rwf v wG i f aemf
a0;trsKd;om; rdk;av0oXmerS
ynm&Sifrsm; vma&mufrnfjzpf
NyD; jrefrmEkdifiH\ &moDOwkqkdif
&m tcsuftvufrsm;ESifh if;
wdkYrS enf;ynmqkdif&m tult
nDay;rnfh (Diana Saftware)
[k ac:qkdaom enf;ynmjrifh
aqmhzf0J tokH;jyK tqifajy?

rajy vma&mufprf;oyfrnfjzpf
onf / tqif a jyygu rwf v
rS pwifum rdk;av0oqkdif&m
owif;tcsut
f vufrsm; xkwf
jyef a y;oG m ;rnf j zpf a Mumif ;
owif;&&Sdonf/
Zefe0g&D 31 &ufu wkduf
cwfaom avjyif;rkefwkdif;'Pf
&ifqkdifcJh&onfh bm;tHNrdKU wpf
zufurf; aemifusefaus;&GmrS
a'ocH awmifolwpfOD;u ]]rdk;
av0o owif;awGukd wdwu
d s
usocd siyf gw,f/ tcku bm;tH
NrdKUeJY teD;wpf0dkufvdkY aMunm
awmh uRefawmfwdkYrSm jyifqif
csdef r&vkdufygbl;}} [k qkdonf/
jrefrmEkdifiH rdk;av0oESifh
ZvaA'OD;pD;Xmeudk 1937 ckESpf
{NyD 1 &ufwiG f pwifwnfaxmif

cJhNyD; wpfEkdifiHvkH; twkdif;twm


jzpfom rdk;av0o cefYrSef;csuf
owif ; rsm; xk w f j yef E k d i f c J h & m
rS 1970 jynfhESpfwGif &efukefNrdKU
ESifh rEav;NrdKU teD;wpf0dkuf[l
vnf;aumif;? 2006 ckEpS w
f iG f
&efuek ?f rEav;? aejynfawmf
teD;wpf0u
kd [
f
l vnf;aumif;?
owif;xkwfjyefEkdifcJhNyd; 2008
ckESpfwGif jynfe,fESifhwkdif; NrdKU
BuD;(14) NrdKUtwGuf rdk;av0o
owif;tcsuftvufrsm; cefY
rSef;xkwfjyefEkdifcJhonf/
,cifu rd;k av0o owif;
tcsuftvufrsm; xkwfjyef&m
wGif 24 em&D (wpf&uf)twGuf
om Bud K wif x k w f j yef E k d i f c J h N yD ;
,ckESpfrSpwifum NrdKUe,fcsif;
tvkduf okH;&ufBudKwif xkwf

jyefay;Ekdif&ef pDpOfoGm;rnfjzpf
aMumif; od&onf/

]][d k t &if u xk w f j yef c J h
wmawGuawmh enf;enf;a,
bk,sqefwmaygh/ tckuawmh
ydkNyD;wdusaocsmwJh owif;t
csuftvufawG xkwfjyefay;
EkdifrSmyg}} [k OD;cspfausmfu qkd
onf/ jrefrmEkid if o
H nf &moDOwk
qk d i f & m rk d ; av0o owif ; t
csut
f vufrsm; xkwjf yefay;ydrYk I
aESmifhaES;jcif;aMumifh 2008 ck
ESpf arvu em*pfuJhodkYaom
tzsupf rG ;f tm; BuD;rm;onfh rkef
wkdif;rsKd;udk BudKwifjyifqifcsdef
r&bJ &ifqkdifcJh&um vlOD;a&
aomif;ESifhcsD aoqkH;cJh&aom
obm0 ab;tE&m,frsKd; &if
qkdifcJh&zl;onf/

vk y f a &;awG p r,f qk d a yr,f h


2013 rSmyJ ZkefxJu ajruGuf
awGukd pNy;D a&mif;vk&Yd aeNy/D &if;
ES;D jrK yEf o
HS al wGu t"duOa&my
u 'DrSmvkyfcsifvkdY awmfawmf
BuD;udk urf;vSrf;aeNyD/ Zkefajr
a&mif;vkdufNyD;&if olwdkYpufHk
aqmufaygh/ tajccHtaqmuf
ttHkvnf; aqmufr,f/ olwkdY
(ajr0,fxm;aom jynfy&if;ESD;
jrKyfESHol) pufHkvnf; wpfNydKif
eufwnf;aqmufr,f/ olwkdY
pufHkNyD;wJhtcsdefeJY txl;pD;yGm;
a&;Zkef tajccHtaqmufttHk
awG NyD;wJhtcsdef wpfNydKifeuf
wnf;vkv
d jkd zpfrmS aygh/ tJ'aD wmh
2015 rSef;ygw,f/ 2015 rSm
pufakH wG awmfawmfrsm;rsm; t
NydKiftdkif;ay:vmNyD; vkyfief;p
EkdifrSmyg}}[k OD;qufatmifu pD
rHudef;taMumif; &Sif;jyonf/
oDv0gtxl;pD;yGm;a&;Zkef
rSm edrfhusaeaom jrefrmhpD;yGm;
a&;twGuf ta&;ygonf/ pD;
yGm;a&;NrdKUawmf &efukefNrdKUteD;
wnfaqmufrnfh pDru
H ed ;f u NrKd U
ay:ESihf qifajczHk;rsm;&Sd tvkyf
vufrJhEIef; avsmhusatmif ul
nDEkdifonf/

]]'DpDrHudef;u EkdifiHhpD;yGm;

a&;zGHUNzdK;zdkYtwGuf ta&;BuD;yg
w,f/ pD;yGm;a&;OD;armhvdkzkdY wpf
ckaumif;? ESpfckaumif; vkyf&
wmvnf;&Sdw,f/ 'DpDrHudef;rSm
vm&if;ES;D jrK yEf rHS ,fh Edik if jH cm;&if;
ES;D jrK yEf rHS aI wGuae wpfEidk if v
H ;kH
aqmif&Gufr,fh pDrHudef;awGt
wGuf tBuHPfaumif;awG &
Ekid w
f ,f}} [k jrefrmzGUH NzKd ;rIt&if;
tjrpfpifwm 'gdkufwmwpfOD;
jzpf a om a'guf w maZmf O D ; u
ajymonf/ xkdZkefwGif EkdifiHw
um ukrPDrsm; vma&mufvkyf
udkif&ef tcGefavQmhcsay;xm;
rnfjzpfNy;D if;wdv
Yk ma&mufvyk f
ukid jf cif;jzihf tvkyt
f ukid ?f enf;
ynmESihf tawGUtBuHKrsm;pGm &
rnf[kvnf; qufajymonf/
okaYd omfa':at;rmESifhOD;jr
vIdifwdkYuJhodkY a'ocHrsm;twGuf
pD;yGm;a&;ZkefrSm ay:vmrnfh
tvkyftudkifrsm;ukd rarQmfvifh
&J/,ciftpd;k &vufxufoDv0g
wGif pufrIZkefrsm; aqmufrnf
ajymNy;D ta&twGuftenf;i,f
om aqmufaom pufHkwkdYwGif
atmufajc0efxrf;rSmyif &Spf
wef;atmifNyD;olrsm; ac:aom
aMumihf a'ocHtcsdKU pufHkvHkNcHK
a&;ESifh oefY &Si;f a&;om&onf[k

OD;jrvdIifuqkd\/
]]ae&mxkdifcif;&&if awmf
ygNyD}} [k a':at;rmu olYqE
ukdzGihf[onf/
OD;jrvIdifESihf tvGrf;qGwf
aus;&Gmom;rsm;uvnf; ajymif;
a&TU&rnft
h xJ ryg0ifaom &GmrS
bkef;awmfBuD;ausmif;teD; ajr
ay:wGif tuGufcsay;apvdkMu
onf/ oD;pm;cay; vkyfae
aom v,frsm;twGuv
f nf; t
usdK;cHpm;cGihfwpfpHkwpf&mjyef
ay;&ef olwkdYarQmfvifhaeonf/
pDrHudef;rsm;aMumihf jynf
olrsm;repfem&ef aqmif&Guf
ay;&rnfjzpfovdk jynfolrsm;
uvnf; tcGihfta&; ykdawmif;
onfrsdK; rjzpf&efvdkaMumif; pD;
yGm;a&;ESihfzGHUNzdK;a&;ynm&Sif t
csdKUutBuHjyKonf/
tpdk;&opfvufxuf pDrH
udef;rsm; aqmif&Guf&mwGif ,
ciftpdk;&vufxufu csef&pfcJh
aom jyemrsm;pGmaMumifh a&SU
rqufEkdifbJ jyefajz&Sif;ae&
onfursm;onf/
]]avmavmq,f BuHKawGU
ae&wJh jyemu toGiful;
ajymif;a&;umvrSmrdv
Yk Ykd ,Ofyg;
rIr&SdwJhtwGuf ndEIdif;aqmif

&Guw
f m tm;enf;aewmaMumifh
yg/ 'gudak jz&Si;f zkYd Cooperation
(yl;aygif;aqmif&Gufjcif;)tm;
enf;wm ndEdIif;aqmif&Gufwm
tm;enf;wmaMumifh uGm[csuf
jzpfaewmyg/ nEd idI ;f aqmif&u
G f
zkdYtwGufvnf; Capacity (vkyf
EkdifpGrf;) awG r&SdMuwJhtwGuf
jyemawG BuHKaewmyg/ nd&
rJhvlawG&JU t&nftaoG;eJY t
&nftcsi;f uvnf; tm;enf;ae
wJhtydkif;&Sdw,f/ 'gawGtm;vkH;
tcsed ,
f l ajz&Si;f &if&ygw,f}}[k
a'gufwmaZmfO;D u oH;k oyfonf/
,cif tpkd;&vufxufu
pepfa[mif;udkyif pepfopfjzihf
tpm;xdk;EkdifNyDjzpfaomaMumifh
,ckjyemrSmtm;vkH;twGuf
&v'faumif; xGufatmifrajz
&Sif;Edkifaomjyemr[kwf/
]]wpfzufeJYwpfzuf ndMu
r,f/ xdef;nday;r,f/ Oya'pkd;
rdk;a&;[m ta&;BuD;ayr,fh vl
awG vkyfvkdYr&wJhtxd tuefY
towfrjzpfatmif nday;zkdYvdk
w,f/ ndEdIif;aqmif&GufwJht
ykdif;rSm yGihfvif;jrifomrIu t
vGet
f a&;Bu;D w,f}}[k jyem
rsm; ajz&Sif;Ekdifrnfhenf;vrf;ukd
a'gufwmaZmfO;D u tBuHjyKav
onf/

pm(29)rS

txl;pD;yGm;a&;ZkefrS rxl;awmhwJU ajr,mjyem


oDv0g txl;pD;yGm;a&;ZkefrSm
jrefrm-*syef qufqaH &;\ t"d
u tpdwftydkif;jzpf\/ txl;
pD;yGm;a&;ZkefwGif jrefrm? *syef
ukrPDrsm;tjyif Oa&myESihf t
ar&duefrS ukrPDrsm;? wkwf?
pifumyl paomEkdifiHpHkrS ukrPD
rsm; vma&muf&if;ESD;jrKyfESHrnf
jzpfNyD; tvkyftukdif tcGifht
vrf; odef;ESihfcsD azmfxkwfEkdif
rnfh pDrHudef;jzpfaMumif; 'k0ef
Bu;D OD;qufatmifu ajymonf/

]]jrefrmEdkifiHrSm BuD;rm;
wJh tvm;tvm&Sdw,fvdkY uRef
awmfcHpm;&ygw,f/ uRefawmf
wdkY&JU &nf&G,fcsufu yk*vdueJY
tpdk;& yl;aygif;aqmif&GufrI zGHU
NzKd ;wd;k wufatmif axmufyahH y;
zdkYjzpfygw,f}} [k *syef'kwd,
0efBuD;csKyfvnf;jzpf? b@ma&;
0efBuD;vnf;jzpfaom rpwm
umdt
k mqdu
k oDv0gZkeu
f kdavh
vmNy;D pOfu ajymcJo
h nf/ jrefrm
Edik if w
H iG f a':vmoef; 260 ausmf
&if;ESD;jrKyfESHxm;aom*syefwdkY
rSm xdkpDrHudef;wGif &if;ESD;jrKyfESHrI
rsm; xyfrHwdk;jrifhawmhrnfjzpf
onf/ xl;jcm;rIrSmoDv0g pDrH
udef;rpwifrD obm0ywf0ef;

usiq
f idk &f m BuKd wifppkH rf;axmuf
vSrf;tpD&ifcHpm (EIA) udk*syef
wdkYu if;wdkY\rltwdkif; rjzpfr
ae aqmif&Gufcdkif;xm;onf/
xdkZkefwGif enf;ynmjrifh
aom pufrIvkyfief;rsm;? tvkyf
orm;rsm;pGm tvkyaf y;Ekid af om
vkyfom;tajcjyK vkyfief;rsm; ydk
rdkvma&mufapvdkaMumif; OD;
qufatmifu qkdonf/
pDru
H ed ;f raqmif&u
G rf D EIA
twGuf ,ckvtwGif; pwif
aqmif&GufrnfjzpfNyD; vmrnfh
pufwifbmvwGif tajccH t
aqmufttHkrsm;udk pwifwnf
aqmufrnfjzpfonf/ tajccH
taqmufttHrk sm;wnfaqmuf
&eftwGuf jrefrmEkdifiHbufrS
trsm;ykdif ukrPDwpfck wnf
axmif&ef pDpOfaeNyD; *syefbuf
rS *syeftpkd;&tjyif ukrPDBuD;
oHk;ckjzpfaom rDqlbD&SD? qlrDwkd
rdk? rmkbDeDwkdYu yg0ifrnfjzpf
onf/ xkdukrPDwkdYu tajccH
taqmufttHk wnfaqmuf
rIvkyfief;tjyif ZkeftwGif; if;
wdkYpufkHrsm;udkyg wnfaqmuf
vkyfukdifMurnf jzpfonf/
]]pufwifbmrSm aqmuf

Оценить