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GSM/GPRS/EDGE.

, 2013


...................................................................................................................................................... 4
1 ............................................................................................................................................. 6
2 .................................................................................................................... 9
3 ..................................................................................................................................12
3.1 ......................................................................................................................12
3.2 ................................................................................................................13
3.3 . ..........................................................................................................................13
4 ....................................................................................................14
4.1 . ................................14
4.2 . ..................................................................................18
4.3 . .............................................20
5
. .....................................................................................................................................................27
5.1 . .............................................................................27
5.2 . ...............................................................................27
5.3 ........................................................28
6 .............................29
6.1 . .............................................................................29
6.2 . .......................................................................................................29
6.3 . ....................................................30
6.4 . .................................30
6.5
. ...........................................................................................................................................31
6.6 . .......................................................31
6.7 . ............................................................32
7 ................................................................................................................36
7.1 . ..............................................................36
8 ...........................................................................................................................37
8.1 . ...............................................................................37
9 ........................................................................................................38
1. , /
GSM ...................................................................................42
2. ...................................................................46

3. .........................................................................48
4.
............................................................................................51
5. , . .......................53
6. ............................................................54
7. .........................................54


,
. 53732-2009
. [1],
.
,
113 27.09.2007 [2], ,
,
.
, , -
(
) ( 5%).

. ,
()

().
, ,
,
, ,
,
.
, ,

.

.
,
()

,
,
, .
,
()
.

.

:

GSM/EDGE (Global System for Mobile Communications/
Enhanced Data Rates for GSM Evolution),
,
;



, ;
;
,
,
, ;
,

;

.

,
.

:
, ,
;


,
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.

1

[3]:
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,

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;
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-
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- ,
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- -
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- ,
( ),

, % .

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, ,
.
- ,
- ,

, % .
-
Channel Request RACH,
; Alerting,
()
,
.
-

,
% .
, PDP (Packet Data Protocol
). PDP
("Activate PDP context
Request"). PDP , 150
PDP ("Activate PDP context
Accept"),
[9].
,
.
- ,
- ,

,
%
- -
:
"Activate PDP context Request"
"Activate PDP context Accept",

- /
.
-
.

-
.

2
:

ACMA


(Australian Communications and Media Authority)

ARCEP


(L'Autorit de rgulation des communications lectroniques
et des postes)

GSM (Broadcast Common Control


Channel)

BER

(Bit error rate BER)

BS

(Base Station)

BSC

(Base Station Controller)

CDR

(Call Drop Rate)

CI

(Cell Identity)

CSG

(Customer Service Guarantee)

CunSR

(Call unsuccessful rate)

dBm

dB, 1mW.

DTX

(Discontinuous Transmission)

EDGE

GSM (Enhanced
Data rates for GSM Evolution)

ETSI

(European
Telecommunications Standards Institute)

FER

(Frame Erasure Rate)

FH

(frequency hopping)

FTP

(file transmission protocol)

GERAN

EDGE (GSM EDGE Radio Access Network)

GPRS

(General Packet Radio Service)

GPS

(Global Positioning System)

GSM

(Global System for Mobile Communications)

HLR

(Home Location Register)

IDA

(Infocomm
Development Authority of Singapore)

IP

(Internet Protocol)

ISDN

(Integrated Services Digital Network)

LAC

(Location Area Code)

MCC

(Mobile Country Code)

MMS

(Multimedia Messages Service)

MNC

(Mobile Network Code)

MOC

( Mobile Originated Call)

MOS

(Mean Opinion Score)

MS

(Mobile station)

MSC

(Mobile Switching Center)

MTC

(Mobile Terminating Call)

OFCOM

(Office
of Communications)

PESQ

(Perceptual Evaluation of Speech


Quality)

PDP

(Packet Data Protocol)

RACH

(Random Access Channel)

SLA

(Service Level Agreement)

SMS

(Short Messages Service)

STQ

(Speech and multimedia Transmission


Quality)

SQI

(Speech Quality Index)

TRAI

(Telecom Regulatory
Authority of India)

QoS

(Quality of Service)

WAP

(Wireless Application Protocol)

WGS

( World Geodetic System)

3GPP

(3rd Generation Partnership


Project)

3
3.1
,
:
:
1.1 (..
) ;
1.2 /
;
1.3 /
;
1.4 /
;
1.5
, ;
1.6
.
1.7 ;

:
2.1
,

;
2.2 ;
2.3 ;
2.4 ;
2.5 ;
2.6 ;
2.7 ;
2.8 -;
2.9
;
2.10 ;
..

3.2

:
-

-
;

-
, ;

-
.

3.3 .
, :
- (-);
- (-);
- ( -).
(, , ,
, )

,
.

4 .
4.1
.
GSM (Global System for Mobile telecommunications ) 1991
. 1993 36 GSM 22 , 25
GSM. 1994 .
GSM 1,3 .
29% GSM.
GSM 2- .

(Study Group, SG),
- -.
- SG 12
( ),
- SG 8 ( , , ,
).
, ,
- M.1079-2 [10].
IMT-2000 /
QoS. /
,
IMT-2000.
,

(European Telecommunications Standards
Institute, ETSI). QoS
(Speech and
multimedia Transmission Quality, STQ). STQ, ,
QoS GSM/3G.
STQ
:

(Telecommunications and Internet converged Services and Protocols for Advanced Networking,
TISPAN), (3rd Generation Partnership
Project, 3GPP). 3GPP 1998 .

,
GSM.
ETSI


.

C 1997
ARCEP1 (L'Autorit de rgulation des communications lectroniques et des postes)

.

[11]. ARCEP
, ,
.

,
(
2 5 ) .

, ( ,
).
( )
,
. -
,
(, )
.
400 000
, .
;
, .
2/3 1/3 - .
GPS.
: 20%
, 30% , 50% .
, ,
, .

http://www.arcep.fr

7 (3 3
). , .
. .
6 (3 3 ).
- 10 .
, ARCEP
2G 3G ( ).
: SMS , MMS, WAP, FTP,
.
ARCEP,
[11].

(ACMA2 Australian Communications and Media Authority) 2002 CSG


(Customer Service Guarantee
). CSG

,
.
, , ,
QoS .

2000 , (TRAI3 - Telecom


Regulatory Authority of India) QoS
, .
2009 [12]. 2005 TRAI
QoS 121 23 .

(IDA4 - Infocomm Development


Authority of Singapore) QoS
.
[13]. -
IDA QoS ,
2

http://www.acma.gov.au
http://www.trai.gov.in/
4
http://www.ida.gov.sg
3

(IDA)
QoS
. , QoS ,
.
, ( , -, , ).
IDA
.
.

,
(Office of
Communications - OFCOM5)
QoS [14].
ETSI [15] QoS
, [16]. , 27 2005
OFCOM ,
QoS [16] .
QoS [12], [13] [16] 1.

http://www.ofcom.org.uk/

1. QoS

,



-95

>95%
:
: -95
: -100
: -87.5

(CDR)


(CunSR)

,




-71
, -85

R
CDR 100% ,
N
R -


, N

.
Q
CunSR 100% Q N



, N -


.


>85%
:
: -75
: -73,7

CDR < 5%
CDR <3%
CDR < 5%

CunSR <5%

: 5 ,

4.2 .

[17] 2.

2.


(

, ,
SMS)



;
;
,
;

;

;
;
;

/;
(
) -
;
(
) -

;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
SMS;
SMS;
SMS;
(
)
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
(
);

[17], [18]

[17], [19]

[17], [8]

[17], [20],
[9]

4.3 .

, 3.
,
( 1).
3.

,

-95
,

-71 , -85

[8]

[8]

(CDR)

R
100% ,
N
R -

, N -
.

[8]


(CunSR)

Q
100% Q -
N

, N -
.

[8]


(RX_Qual_DL)
4

[21]

CDR

CunSR


(SQI) 15,
(MOS)
3

(SQI) 15,
(MOS)
3

[19], [22]

[19], [22]

[8], [23]

-
SS . , [24]:

SS. MS. IF FF BL

SS . - , []

MS. - , [] [25] .
IF - , []

FF - () , [].
BL - , [].
4
[24].
(downlink),
().

4.
[24]


(DL). RXLEV = 95
: , 95%

(DL). RXLEV = 71
: , 95%

,
(CDR)

R
100% , R -
N
, N -
.
CDR

[26], (call drop) :


;
;

(timing
advance);
;
( )
(1 2 5;
(
).
(CunSR)
Q
100% Q -
N
, N -
. , 40
,
, ,
.
CunSR

,
(network busy).

GSM RXQUAL,
6 (Frame Erasure Rate
- FER) (Bit error rate BER)
[21], 5:

5. RXQUAL BER FER.

BER

FER

RXQUAL

(%)

(%)

x<0.2

x4.5

0.2 x0.4

4.5 x 8.5

0.4 x0.8

8.5 x12.5

0.8 x1.6

12.5 x16.5

1.6 x3.2

16.5 x20.5

3.2 x6.4

20.5 x24.5

6.4 x12.8

24.5 x

12.8 x

24.5 x

, 6, RXQUAL
.
6.
(FH-frequency hopping) .
RXQUAL

0-3

0-3

4-5

: ,
,
.

67

:
,
.

6 -7

,
SQI (Speech Quality Index) [19], [22], [27].
: (BER),
(FER), ,
(DTX - Discontinuous Transmission) .

,
.
RXQUAL, BER .
1 SQI RXQUAL
EFR (enhanced full rate)
, [28]. 1
, SQI , RXQUAL , ,
,
.

1. SQI RXQUAL
1 , 0 /,
;
2 , 48 /,
;
3 , 12 /,
;
4 , 3 /,
.
SQI MOS (Mean Opinion Score) PESQ
[22]. 7 SQI, MOS
.

7. SQI MOS

SQI

MOS

20 30
15 - 19
10 - 14
5 -9
<5

4.0-5.0
3.0-3.9
2.0-2.9
1.0-1.9
<1

.
.1 .
,
40 ,
.

, 8.
,
( 1).
8.

G
PDPunSR 100% ,
P
G -

, P


:
Activate PDP Context Request
Activate PDP Context Accept

[9]

[9]

,
/

[20]


, /

[20]

G
100% , G -
P
, P -
.
PDPunSR

,
PDP (Packet Data Protocol ).
PDP
("Activate PDP context Request"). PDP
, 150
PDP ("Activate PDP context Accept"),

[9]. ,
.
.
-
:
"Activate PDP context Request" "Activate PDP
context Accept",
.

, 150
, .
.
(
) (file transmission
protocol - FTP) .
,
1 1.5 (,
). FTP-
.
,


[20].

5
.
5.1 .
:
, [23], [29] [12], [13], [16].

(.5.2 )
:
- ,
,
;
- ,
, ,
.


.

5.2 .


.

().
.


9 [3].

9. 7
7

- 95%-
2.


5%

10%

20%

0,01

39600

9900

2500

0,015

26200

6500

1600

0,02

19600

4900

1200

0,025

15600

3900

1000

0,03

12900

3200

800

0,035

11000

2700

700

0,04

9600

2400

600

0,05

7500

1900

500


10%. , 5%
1900.
20%. ,
5% 500.
,
10%.
, 5%
1400.

5.3 .

,
,
[30];
,
,
,
(
) "".
(, )
[30];
[31].

6.1 .

,
,
.
,
.
.
( )
ETSI [8] ,
:
10 17 , 18 22
12 20 .

6.2 .
/
:
- 90% , 1
[32] ( 4);
- 80% , 1 ;
- 60% , 2 ;
- 50% , 3 ;
- 10% .
. /

:
- , 90% , 6
[33] ( 5);
- , 80% , 1;
- , 60% , 2;
- , 50% , 3 4;
- 10% .

6.3 .

(),
ISDN
.

.
,

[20].
IP ( ).

( MOC - Mobile Originated Call),
( MTC - Mobile Terminating Call).
.
,
30 ,
[34]

[34]:
10 - ;
120 .
3 8.

6.4
.


, (.
6.2), (. 6.1.).
,
.

6.5
.
,
:

- , ,
, , ,
, ;
- ,
( );
;
;
( ,
, );
(

,
);
, :
;
; .

6.6 .
[35]
, ,
.

, .
,
, ,
. , ,
ISDN ip- .
:
, .
,
( ,
, );
;

(MCC, MNC, CI, LAC) (IMEI, IMSI),


;
,
;
(, , ).
.
[35]
, , (
ASCII, Microsoft Excel ..). GSM,
, 1,
, ,
. ,
( , , ,
..).

2:

2.

6.7 .
ETSI [35]
()

().
,
(, ).
, .
,
( QoS )
. (
) ; ,
,
;
3.

3. [35]
(1) :
(1n).

(2) : .
(3) : .
(4) : .

(5) : .
(6) :
.
(7) GPS:
(8) .

(1):
ETSI, 3GPP;
(, USB-);
;
,
(, ..);
,
;
.


.

(2):
.
.
,
. .
, ,
. , ,
.

, [36].
,
, .

(3), (4) (5):



, ,
.
(7):
ETSI [35] GPS NAVSTAR
. GPS-
GPS (DGPS).
WGS-84.
NAVSTAR
.

, ,
, ,
,
(MS) ( (BS), (BSC),
(MSC)) , 9.
3 ,
[27], [38], [39] [40].

7
7.1 .
, ,
,
[17], [8], [20], [9], [22], [23],
[11], [12], [13], [16], [41], [42].

, .


GSM 6 7.

8
8.1 .
,
,
III [43].
, ,
,
, .

9
[1] , 53732-2009 . , 2009.
[2] , 113 " -
", 2007.
[3] , 45.254-2002 " .
", 2002.
[4] , "
2005 . ", 2005.
[5] , 45.004-2000 " .
", 2000.
[6] , 9001, " . .", 2001.
[7] , 9000, " . ", 2008.
[8] ETSI, EG 202 057-3 " , : QoS,
, ; 3: QoS
", (Speech Processing, Transmission and Quality Aspects (STQ); User
related QoS parameter definitions and measurements; Part 3: QoS parameters specific to Public
Land Mobile Networks (PLMN)), 2005.
[9] ETSI, TS 102 250-2," , : QoS
GSM 3G ; 2:
", (Speech Processing, Transmission and Quality Aspects (STQ); QoS aspects for
popular services in GSM and 3G networks; Part 2: Definition of Quality of Service parameters and
their computation), 2006.
[10] -, " IMT-2000"
(Performance and quality of service requirements for International Mobile Telecommunications2000 (IMT-2000) access networks), 2003.
[11] ARCEP, " (2G 3G) " (La
qualit des services de voix et de donnes des rseaux mobiles (2G et 3G) en France
mtropolitaine), 2010.
[12] TRAI, "
" (The standards of quality of service of basic telephone service
(wireline) and cellular mobile telephone service regulations), 2009.

[13] IDA, " 2G" (2G Public Cellular Mobile


Telephone Service QoS Standards).
[14] OFCOM, " " (Statement on
providing Quality of Service information to consumers), 2004.
[15] ETSI, EG 201 769 " , : QoS,
; ", (Speech Processing,
Transmission & Quality Aspects (STQ);QoS parameter definitions and measurements;Parameters
for voice telephony service required under the ONP Voice Telephony Directive 98/10/EC), 2000.
[16] OFCOM, " " (Consultation on quality parameters), 2004.
[17] -, E.802, "
QoS", 2007.
[18] ETSI, EG 202 057-1 " , : QoS,
, ; 1: ", (Speech Processing,
Transmission and Quality Aspects (STQ);User related QoS parameter definitions and
measurements;Part 1: General), 2005.
[19] ETSI, EG 202 057-2 " , : QoS,
, ; 2: , ,
, SMS", (Speech Processing, Transmission and Quality Aspects
(STQ);User related QoS parameter definitions and measurements;Part 2: Voice telephony, Group 3
fax,modem data services and SMS), 2005.
[20] ETSI, EG 202 057-4 " , : QoS,
, ; 4: ", (Speech
Processing, Transmission and Quality Aspects (STQ); User related QoS parameter definitions and
measurements; Part 4: Internet access), 2005.
[21] ETSI, EN 300 911, " ( 2+); "
(Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Radio subsystem link control), 1997.
[22] , P.862. " :
", (Perceptual
evaluation of speech quality (PESQ): An objective method for end-to-end speech quality assessment
of narrow-band telephone networks and speech codecs), 2001.
[23] , E.771 "
" (Network grade of service parameters and target values
for circuit-switched land mobile services), 1993.
[24] R. Pattuelli V. Zingarelli, "
" (Precision of the Estimation of area coverage by planning tools in
cellular systems),
(IEEE Personal communications), . 7, 3, pp. 50-53, 2000.

[25] ETSI, GSM 05.05. " ( 2+); " (Digital


cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Radio transmission and reception), 1997.
[26] M. Ali, A. Shehzad A. Akram, GSM (Radio Access
Network Audit & Optimization in GSM),
(International Journal of Engineering & Technology), . 10, 1, pp. 75-79, 2010.
[27] Ascom, " TEMS Investigation" (TEMS Investigation. Users manual).
[28] Ericsson, TEMS Investigation (TEMS Investigation GSM Users
Manual), 2004.
[29] , E.431 "
" (Service quality assessment for connection set-up and release delays), 1992.
[30] .50.2.006-94 . .
[31] , 45.151-2000
GSM
.
[32] , 50597-93 " .
, ".
[33] 1 05 14 367/1 -
", 2011.
[34] ETSI, TS 102 250-5 " , : QoS
GSM 3G ; 5:
", (Speech Processing, Transmission and Quality Aspects (STQ); QoS aspects for popular
services in GSM and 3G networks; Part 5: Definition of typical measurement profiles), 2005.
[35] ETSI, TS 102 250-4 " , : QoS
GSM 3G ; 4: ",
(Speech Processing, Transmission and Quality Aspects (STQ); QoS aspects for popular services in
GSM and 3G networks; Part 4: Requirements for Quality of Service measurement equipment).
[36] ETSI, TS 100 910: "Digital cellular telecommunications system (Phase 2+); Radio transmission and
reception (3GPP TS 05.05)".
[37] , , 1995.
[38] Agilent Technologies, " GSM
E7475A" (E7475A GSM Drive-Test System, Technical Specifications).
[39] Marconi Instruments Ltd., "
GSM 2966A" (Operating Manual Supplement. Radio Test Set 2966A for GSM Manual
part no. 46882-165V).

[40] Wavetek, STABILOCK 4032" (Operating


Instructions STABILOCK 4032 Communication Test Set).
[41] C. SARRAF L. KHAZAN, " GPRS"
(Measuring QoS for GPRS Mobile Networks), 4
(4th WSEAS International Conference on
Telecommunications and Informatics), Wisconsin, USA, 2005.
[42] Pakistan Telecommunication Authority, GPRS/EDGE
(GPRS/EDGE Network Key Performance Indicators), 2009.
[43] 50.2.014-94, . .

.

1. , /
GSM .


ARFCN BCCH

/
GSM 450:

259 ... 293


GSM 850:
128 ... 251
P-GSM 900:
1 ... 124
E-GSM 900:
0 ... 124,
975 ... 1023
GSM 1800:
512 ... 885
GSM 1900:
512 ... 810
ARFCN TCH

Attach Time

. ARFCN BCCH

0 ... 60000

BER Actual (%)

0 ... 26
%



(FH)
( Attach
Request Attach Complete).
,
(DTX)

BSIC

00 ... 77

(BSIC)

C Value

0 ... 63

GSM RxLev
C1

127 ... 127

C2

127 ... 127

Cell Id

0 ... 65535

1.

C2.

Cell Name

CGI

Channel Mode

.
MCC, (MNC), (LAC)
(CI). MCC
MNC LAC CI.
: , ,
.

Channel RxLev (dBm)

120 ... 10

Channel Type

. : TCH/F
+ FACCH/F and SACCH/M, BCCH, PDCH.

Ciphering Algorithm

Downlink Signalling
Counter Current

0 ... 45

(A5/1, A5/2, GEA/1, ..). . 3GPP


43.020.

(Downlink Signalling Counter - DSC).

Downlink Signalling
Counter Max

0 ... 45

DTX Rate DL
0 ... 100
%

FER Actual (%)

0 ... 100


(Downlink Signalling Counter - DSC)

(DTX)
. :
number of blocks not sent
-------------------------------------------------------------------- 100
total number of blocks

DTX: TCH (
SID) SACCH.
,
(DTX)

%
FER Full (%)
0 ... 100
%

FER Sub (%)

0 ... 100
%

Frequency Band

Frequency Band For


TCH
Hopping

Hopping List

HSN

0 ... 63

Ignore Cell Barred

0, 2


Fullset. :
number of erased blocks
----------------------------------------------------------------- 100
total number of blocks


.

Subset.
-, ..850, 1800,
900E, 900R.
, .. 850,
1800, 900E, 900R.
(FH)
(YES/NO).

. , 1, 10, 19, 28.

(HSN - Hopping Sequence Number).
(cell barred)
0:
2:

LAC

0 ... 65535

(LAC)

MAIO

0 ... 63

MCC

000 ... 999

,
(MAIO-Mobile
Allocation Index Offset).
.

MNC

000 ... 999

Mode

1 ... 7

1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
6:

7:
MS Power Control
Level

0 ... 31

,
. .

MS Tx Power (dBm)

GSM 850:

.
.

5 ... 39
GSM 900:
5 ... 39
GSM 1800:
0 ... 36
GSM 1900:
0 ... 33

Neighbor ARFCN
Neighbor BSIC (Num)
Neighbor C1

. ARFCN BCCH
00 ... 77
127 ... 127

.

1

Neighbor C2

127 ... 127

2 .

Neighbor Cell Id

0 ... 65535

Neighbor LAC

0 ... 65535

Neighbor RxLev (dBm)

120 ... 10

Number Of Hopping
Frequencies
PESQ Echo
Attenuation
PESQ Echo Correlation
PESQ Echo Delay

0 ... 64

(FH)

0 ... 100

AQM:

0 ... 5
0 ... 1000

AQM:
AQM:

PESQ Echo Power

0 ... 100

AQM:

PESQ Score DL

1 ... 5
MOS-PESQ

PESQ Score UL

1 ... 5
MOS-PESQ

PESQ Sentence DL

0 ... 3

AQM: PESQ
, .
AQM: PESQ
, .
AQM: PESQ
.
0: 0 + 1
1: 2 + 3
2: 4 + 5
3: 6 + 7

PESQ Sentence UL
PESQ Volume

0 ... 3
100 ... 20

AQM: PESQ
. , PESQ Sentence DL
AQM:

Radio Link Timeout


Current

0 ... 64

(Radio
Link Timeout)
.

Radio Link Timeout


Max

4, 8, ..., 64


(Radio Link Timeout)
.

RxLev Full (dBm)

120 ... 10

FullSet

RxLev Sub (dBm)

120 ... 10

SubSet

RxQual Full

0 ... 7

FullSet

RxQual Full (%)

0 ... 26

RxQual Full.

%
RxQual Sub

0 ... 7

SubSet

RxQual Sub (%)

0 ... 26

RxQual Sub.

%
Timeslot

0 ... 7

Training Sequence
Code

0 ... 7

.
.

/
GSM
:
C31

127 ... 127

C32

127 ... 127

C31 GPRS.

C32 GPRS

Cell EGPRS Support

: Yes/No

EDGE

Cell GPRS Support

: Yes/No

GPRS

GAN GERAN Cell Id

0 ... 65535

GAN GSM Coverage


Indicator

0 ... 3

GERAN
GERAN
0:
1:
2: GERAN
3: GERAN ,

Neighbor C31

127 ... 127

C31 GPRS

2.
1. N.
N , .
(. 6.6 ).
2. - Po .

, .
, %, :

Po

Q
100% ,
N

(2.1)

Q - .
Q ,
.
(. 6.6 ).
3. - Pp

,
.
, %, :

Pp

R
100% ,
N

(2.2)

R -
.
R ,

(. 6.6 ).
4. , - R .
, ,

, .
%, :

N
N

100% ,

(2.3)

N - ,
, .
(. 6.6
).
5. ,
- Qco .
,

,
.
%, :

N
100% ,
N

(2.4)

N - ,
, .
(. 6.6

).
6.
2

1,96 (p 1) p
2

(2.5)

1,96 (p 1) p
,

n
p

(2.6)

p ,

- , -
( ), .

7.

PDPunSR . , %, :
PDPunSR

G
100% ,
P

(2.7)

G -
, P -
.
(. 6.6

).

3.

.

/,

915 - 980/870

TEMS Investigation

925
TEMS Pocket

5 33

-102 -47

1785-1920/1690-

TEMS Automatic

1805
890 - 915/935
960

Adgilent Tecnology /

+5 +33

-104 -47

1710-1785/18051885

Marconi

115 +13

-135 +50

Stubilock

-122 +13

-120 +50

0.1 3000/0.1
3000
0.4 1000/ 0.4 1000

890 - 915/ 935


960
Net Monitor8

+5 +33

-104 -47

1710-1785/18051885

, ,
. Marconi, Stubilock
, ,
.

Net monitor ( ) , .

Marconi Instruments

Stabilock

, , ,
.
TEMS Investigation, Adgilent Technology
,
.
,
ETSI [21].
GSM,
, 1.

TEMS Investigation

TEMS Pocket

Adgilent Technology

4.

, [32]:
- 1 - 10000 /
, (, ..)
, 5 ;
- 1 - 10000 /,
1;
- 1 - 10000, 3000 /
, (, ..)
, 5 ;
- 1 - 10000, 3000 /,
1.
, :
- 2 - 3000, 500 /
, (,
..) , 5 ;
- 2 - 3000, 500 /,
2.
, :
- 3 - 500 /
, (,
..) , 5 ;
- 3 - 500 /
;
- 3 - 500 /,
3 3;
, :
- 1 -

10000/;
- 1 -
10000
/;

3000 /;

, :
- 2 -

3000 /; 500
/;
, :
- 3 - , 2.

5. , .

1 [33] , ,
, .
2000-6000
.
2 ,
- .
1100-2000
.
3 , .
4 ,
( ) .
,
.
5 , ,
,
( , , .).
6 .

6.

85%

95%

70%

80%

,

(CDR)

5%

2%

(CunSR)

5%

3%

8%

4%

9%

4%

9%

4%

10 .

5 .

7.

,

,

6%

4%

1 .

0.6 .

80 /

120 /

20 /

40 /

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