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Chem Unit 5 Bond Energy Activity

Name

HR

There is energy involved in chemical changes. It is this energy that you may have referred to as chemical energy in previous courses. This activity will teach you why some of those changes are exothermic and others are endothermic. First take a look at the following chart: Bond HH OH CH CO NH O Cl C Cl OI Energy (kJ/mol) 436 464 413 360 393 205 330 201 351 945 C=O O=O C-F II Cl Cl FF Bond CC C=C Energy (kJ/mol) 347 607 839 805 498 488 151 243 153

Notice that the energy has the unit of kJ/mol At this point, that doesnt mean much to you, but you can understand that the higher the number the more energy is involved. Using the chart: 1. Would it take more energy to break H H or C H ? Explain.
2. Would you get more energy by forming C O or O H? Explain 3. Compare C-C and C=C and

4. Using the chart, what is the relationship between energy and single vs double vs triple

bonds?

Part 1: Modeling the Reactions

In this activity there are several roles: Reaction Coordinators: These students will create the reactants out of models and put them into a bin. They will go to the Bond Breakers to have atoms pulled apart and to the Bond Formers so they can have them put together to make the products. Bond Breakers: These students pull apart the models. Every time they pull apart a pair of atoms they will need to give a blue card that has the appropriate amount of energy printed on it (use the chart above.) Bond Formers: These students put models together. Every time they put a pair of atoms together they will need to give a green card that has the appropriate amount of energy printed on it (use the chart above.) Reaction 1: 2 H2 + O2 2 H2O

Reaction 2: C2H4 + 3 O2 2 CO2 + 2 H2O

Reaction 3: 2 CH3OH + 3 O2 2 CO2 + 4 H2O

Reaction 4: C + O2 CO2

Reaction 5:

CH4 + 2 O2 CO2 + 2 H2O

Reaction 6: `CCl4 + 2 F2 CF4 + 2 Cl2

Reaction 7: OCl2 + I2 OI2 + Cl2

Part 2: Calculating Overall Energy Changes


1. Add up all the Bond Energy cards that are blue this is the total energy involved in

breaking the bonds: _________


2. Add up all the Bond Energy cards that are green this is the total energy involved in

breaking the bonds: _________


3. Are the amounts the same? Which is greater? 4. All of these reactions are exothermic, which process (breaking or forming bonds) must

give off energy? How do you know?

5. What would happen if a reaction was endothermic?

6. The amount of energy involved in Reaction 1 should have been 486 kJ/mol. Since it is

exothermic (gives off energy), would it be more appropriate to put this amount of energy on the left side of the reaction or the right side? Explain. 486 kJ/mol (?) + 2 H2 + O2 2 H2O + 486 kJ/mol (?)

7. If a reaction is endothermic, should the energy be written on the left or right side of the

reaction? Why?

ON YOUR OWN For the following reactions, use the bond energy chart to calculate the energy required to break all the bonds and the energy that will be release in forming the new bonds. Then decide if the reaction will be endo or exothermic. Add the energy to the appropriate side. Reaction A: _?_ kJ/mol + H2 + CO H2O + C + _?_ kJ/mol

Reaction B: _?_ kJ/mol + N2 + 3 H2 2 NH3 + _?_ kJ/mol

Reaction C: _?_ kJ/mol + 2 C + 2 H2 C2H4 + _?_ kJ/mol

Reaction D: _?_ kJ/mol + C3H8 + 5 O2 3 CO2 + 4 H2O + _?_ kJ/mol

Reaction E: Inside of you the following reactions is taking place:

_?_ kJ/mol + C6H12O6 + 6 O2 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + _?_ kJ/mol

This reaction describes what your body does with glucose to get energy. Why does it make sense that it is exothermic?

Besides glucose, what is the other reactant & where do you get it? What are the products and how does your body release them?

Reaction F: The following reaction describes the photosynthesis reaction happening inside a plant: _?_ kJ/mol + 6 CO2 + 6 H2O C6H12O6 + 6 O2
+

_?_ kJ/mol

This describes a reaction that happens inside a plant it is making a larger compound (synthesis) and the process is endothermic. Look at the reactants, where does the plant get these from? Where does the plant get the energy to do this reaction? Look at the Reactions E & F (what happens inside of you and the reaction inside a plant.) What do you notice about them?