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28, 6, 2007

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30


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40



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51


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59



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69


. . , . . , . .

82



B. . , . . , . .

91




101

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111

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XII " "

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122

, " "
2007 ., 28

124
126

Contents
Vol. 2 8 , N o . 6, 2007

TO 35-TH ANNIVERSARY OF PSYCHOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF RAS


AND 80-TH ANNIVERSARY OF B.F. LOMOV
The main tendencies in the development of psychological studies
in Psychological Institute of RAS
5

A. L. Zhuravlev
System organization of psyche: problems and search of solutions

19

V. A. Barabanshikov
PERSONALYTY PSYCHOLOGY
Psychological distress in persons with different cognitive styles

30

M. A. Padun, E. A. Zagryazhskaya
COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY
Notions of teract in population of Russia different regions
N. V. Tarabrina, O. A. Vorona, J. V. Bykhovetc

40

Time course of the warning effect in the detection task


51

V. I. Belopolsky, A. V. Belopolsky
CROSS-CULTURAL AND ETHNIC PSYCHOLOGY
Ethno-cultural identity and psychic states self-regulation
(by the example of Russians and Tatars)

59

A. O. Prokhorov, I .G. Larionova


DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
Dynamics of woman's personal characteristics during pregnancy as a factor
of mental health of mother and baby

69

O. A. Sokolova, E. A. Sergienko
DIFFERENTIAL PSYCHOLOGY
Men' and women' differences in pain perception
G. A. Adashinskaya, E. E. Maizerov, S. N. Enikolopov

82

CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY
Anxiety as a concomitant factor in children with attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome
V. M. Astapov, . V. Drobysheva, V. V. Viktorova

91

DISCUSSIONS
From studies of subject's world understanding to psychological analysis
of self-understanding existence
V. V. Znakov

101

SCIENTIFIC LIFE
International scientific and practical conference "Coping behavior psychology"
T. L. Krukova, E. V. Kuftyak, S. A. Hazova

111

All-Russian scientific and practical conference "Man and World: social behavior
of person in the changing world"
N. I. Leonov

115

XII symposium "Psychological problems of meaning of life and acme"


G. A. Vaizer

118

CELEBRATING JUBILEES
Era Aleksandrovna Golubeva

122

Chronicle

124

Index of articles published in 'Psychological Journal" in 2007 y., vol. 28

126

, 2007, 28, 6, . 5-18


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THE MAIN TENDENCIES IN THE DEVELOPMENT


OF PSYCHOLOGICAL STUDIES
IN PSYCHOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF RAS
A. L. Z h u r a v l e v
Corresponding Member ofRAE, head of Psychological Institute of RAS
The article is based on the report made at the jubilee conference devoted to 35-th anniversary of Psychological
Institute of R A S and 80-th anniversary of B . F . Lomov on January 3 1 , 2007. The overall results of PI of R A S
departments' scientific activity are summed up, their estimation is given and perspectives of domestic psycho
logical science development are laid down.
Key words: tendencies in the development, object and method of psychological research, interdisciplinarity: in
ternal psychological, external psychological, out of psychological, paradigmatic development, system, subject,
psychosocial approaches, psychology of morality, dynamic analysis, positive psychology.

28

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28. .. - //
/ .
.. . .: , 2002. . 220-269.
29. .
//
. . 2005. 3. . 84-99.
30. .

//
. .: , 2007. . 109-119.
31. . . .: , 1980.
32. . : , -

28

2007

33.
34.
35.
36.

37.

. .: ,
2001.
., - . . .:
, 2002.
..
: . . ... . . . ., 2004.
..
//
. .: , 2005. . 193-215.
.. -

// . .: ,
2007.
Colder A.J., Young A.W., RowlandD., PerrettD.I. Com
puter-enhanced emotion in facial expressions // Proceed

ings of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences, 1997:


B. 264, P. 919-925.
38. Lahlou S., Nosulenko V., Samoylenko E. Un cadre methodologique pour le design des environnements augmentes. Informations sur les Sciences Sociales. 2002.
V. 41. 4 . P. 471-530.
39. Nosulenko V., Barabanshikov V., Brushlinsky A.. Rabardel P. Man-technology interaction: some of the Rus
sian approaches // Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Sci
ence. 2005. V. 6. 5. P. 359-383.
40. Nosulenko V., Samoylenko E. Observation and Evalua
tion. Detailed Description of Protocols and Methods //
Ambient Agoras: Dynamic Information Clouds in a Hy
brid World. Ivrea: 1ST. 2003. P. 161-202.

SYSTEM ORGANIZATION OF PSYCHE:


PROBLEMS AND SEARCH OF SOLUTIONS
V. A. B a r a b a n s h i k o v
Corresponding Member ofRAE. head of psyche system studies laboratory, Psychological Institute of PAS, Moscow
Theoretical and methodological grounds and essence of psyche system studies laboratory of Psychological In
stitute of PAS works are considered. Variety of psychic phenomena system organization concrete forms and
types of its determination are revealed.
Key words: systemity principle in psychology, multi-systemity, system determination, unity of theory, experi
ment and practice, self-organization, production, subject, object-situation, event, self-consciousness, commu
nication, activity, communicative competence, perception, psychophysics.

28

29

2007

, 2007, 28, 6, . 30-39


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; PmG - ; PvB - ;
PvG - ; PsB - ; PsG - .


,
. -,

, ,
, .

"
" ""
( = -0.34, < 0.01) .
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,

. ,


. ,


, ,
,
,
, , .



- .

,


, . ,
,
.
,

. , ,
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,
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, .

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, , ), ,
,
.



.


, ..
. .

28

2007


. ,
-

.
,


.

1. ., ., ., .
. : "", 2003.
2. ..
, : . ...
. . . ., 2003.
3. .., .. -

// . . 2004. 5. . 5-25.
4. ., . .
: "", 2007.
5.
/ . .. . : "",
2003.
6. .., JI..
. ., 1996.
7. .. :
/ . .. .
.: . 2002.
8. .. .
. .: " ", 2002.
9. ..

// .
- / . . . , 1986.
10. Calamari ., Pini .. PuleggioA. Field Dependence and
verbalized strategies on portable Rod-and-Frame Test
performance in depressed outpatients and normal controls
//Perceptual & Motor Skill. 91. 2000. P. 1121-1229.
11. Costa P.., Somerfield M.R., McCrae R.R. Personality
and coping: A reconceptualization // Handbook of cop
ing: Theory, research, applications / Eds. M. Zeidner,
N.S. Endler. N.Y.: Wiley. 1996. P. 44-61.

12. Eysenck M.W. Anxiety and Cognition: A Unified Theo


ry. Hove: Psychology Press, 1997.
13. Gardner R. Cognitive control: A study of individual
consistencies in cognitive behavior // Psychological Is
sues. 1959. 4 . P. 22-30.
14. Joseph S.A., Brewin C.R., Yule W., Williams R. Causal
attribution and psychiatric symptoms in survivors of the
Herald of Free Enterprise disaster // Brit. J. Psychiatry.
159. 1991. P. 542-546.
15. Kingsland R.C., Greene L.R. Psychological differentia
tion and clinical depression // Cognitive Therapy and
Research. 1984. V. 8.
16. Korchin S.J. Field Dependence, Personality Theory, and
Clinical Research // Field Dependence in Psychological
Theory, Research, and Application / Eds. M. Bertini,
L. Pizzamiglio, S. Wapner. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1986.
17. Kwon P., Lemon K. Attributional style and defense
mechanisms: A synthesis of cognitive and psychodynamic factors in depression // J. of Clinical Psychology.
56. 2000. P. 723-735.
18. Lazarus R.S. Theory-based stress measurement // Psy
chological Inquiry. 1. 1990. P. 3-13.
19. MacGillivray R.G., Baron P. The Influence of Cognitive
Processing Style on Cognitive Distortion // Clinical De
pression. Social behavior and resonality. 1994. 22 (2).
P. 145-156.
20. Mazure ., Maciejewski P.K. A model of risk for major
depression: Effects of life stress and cognitive style vary
with age // Depression and Anxiety. 17. 2003. P. 26-33.
21. Parkes K.R. Field dependence and the differentiation of
affective states // British J. of Psychiatry. 139. 1981.
P. 52-58.
22. Riskind J.H., Williams N.L., Gessner T. et al. The loom
ing maladaptive style: Anxiety, danger, and schematic
processing // J. of Personality and Social Psychology.
79. 2000. P. 837-852.
23. Seligman M. Depression and learned helplessness // The
Psychology of depression: Contemporary theory and re
search / Eds. R.J. Friedman and M M . Katz. WinstonWiley, 1974.
24. Weiner B. An attributional theory of motivation and
emotion. N.Y.: Springer-Verlag, 1986.

PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS
IN PERSONS WITH DIFFERENT COGNITIVE STYLES
M. A. P a d u n * , E. A. Z a g r y a z h s k a y a * *
*PhD, research assistant, laboratory of posttraumatic stress. Psychological Institute ofRAS, Moscow
**Senior laboratory assistant, department of general psychology, MSU after M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow
Differences in psychological distress characteristics of different poles cognitive styles representatives are studied.
It is established that field dependent and "analytical" individuals suffer from phobic anxiety greater then field in
dependent and "synthetic" ones. Nonadaptive cognitive style - combination of field dependence and narrow
equivalence range - is revealed. Distress intensity in different cognitive styles groups is correlated with attributive
styles, stress copping strategies, basic convictions and defense mechanisms. The results of the study confirm the
necessity of taking cognitive styles into consideration in psychocorrection and psychotherapeutic work.
Key words: cognitive styles, attributive styles, basic convictions, stress copping strategies, psychological distress.

28

39

2007

, 2007, 28, 6. . 40-50


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28

2007

45

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2007

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33. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and sta
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34. BeckA.T. Clinical, experimental and theoretical aspects.
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4

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NOTIONS OF TERACT IN POPULATION OF RUSSIA DIFFERENT REGIONS


N. V. Tarabrina*, O. A. Vorona**, J. V. B y k h o v e t c * * *
*PhD, head of posttraumatic stress laboratory, Psychological Institute ofRAS, Moscow
**PhD, assistant professor, Transbaikal State Humanitarian and Pedagogical University, Chita
***Senior research assistant, of posttraumatic stress laboratory, Psychological Institute ofRAS, Moscow
The article is devoted to empirical study of teract notions in population (indirect victims of terrorist acts) of
different regions of RF: Moscow, Chechen Republic and Transbaikalia. It was assumed that information drawn
from mass media about terrorist acts intensity effect is different according to its frequency in the given region
and the degree of closeness to event epicenter, and these have an influence on forming notions of teracts. The
results of the study (by means of associations form) showed that semantic space of "terrorist act" image con
tained emotional-negative definitions: "fear", "death", "explosion", "pain", "murder", "disaster", "blood",
"tears", "victims'. Comparative analysis of data allowed singling out in notions invariant components different
for each of regional groups.
Key words: terrorist act, mass media effect, traumatisation, invariant components of notions.

28

2007

, 2007, 28, 6, . 51-58


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// . 1989. . 3. 1.
. 48-55.
2. Alegria J. Sequential effects of foreperiod duration:
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S. Dornic. L.: Academic Press, 1975.
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al reaction processes // Acta Psychologica. 1979. V. 43.
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Attention and Performance X / Eds. H. Bouma,
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TIME COURSE OF THE WARNING EFFECT IN THE DETECTION TASK


V. I. Belopolsky*, A. V. B e l o p o l s k y * *
* PhD, head of editorial and publishing department. Psychological Institute ofRAS, Moscow
** PhD, research assistant, Vrij University, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Factors affected time dynamics of warning signal effect in the detection task were studied. Independent variables
were modality, spatial and temporal properties of warning signal as well as variability of the foreperiods (perma
nent, alternating, mixed) and validity of reaction stimulus. The results show general trend in reducing RT with
increasing foreperiod up to 1.5 s, although most prominent events occur at the range 100-350 ms. The data are
considered as support for two attentional components of warning effect, namely, alertness and orienting.
Key words: warning signal, reaction time, foreperiod, attention.

28

2007

, 2007, 28, 6, . 59-68



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28

67

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// . 2001. 4. . 135-146.
37. Ekman P., Friesen W.V. The repertoire of nonverbal be
haviour: Categories, origins, usage, and coding // Semiotica. 1. 1969. P. 49-98.
38. Elfenbein H.A., Ambady N.. Mandal M.K. et al. CrossCultural Pattern in Emotion Recognition: Highlighting
Design and Analytical Technigues // Emotion. 2 (1).
2002. P. 75-84.
39. Lehman D.R., Chiu C, SchallerM. Psychology and cul
ture // Annual Review of Psychology. V. 55. 2004.
P. 689-714.
40. Mesguita ., Frijda N. Cultural variations in emotions:
A review // Psychological Bulletin. V. 112. 1992.
P. 179-204.
41. Roseman IJ., Dhawan N., Rettek S.L. et al. Cultural dif
ferences and cross-cultural similarities in appraisals and
emotional responses // Journ. of Cross-Cultural Psychol
ogy. V. 26. 1995. P. 23-48.
42. Scherer K., Matsumoto D., Wallbott H., Kudoh T. Emo
tional experience in cultural context: A comparison be
tween Europe, Japan and the USA // Facets of emotion:
Recent research / Ed. K. Scherer. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. 1988. P. 5-30.
2007

5*

ETHNO-CULTURAL IDENTITY
AND PSYCHIC STATES SELF-REGULATION
(BY THE EXAMPLE OF RUSSIANS AND TATARS)
A. O. Prokhorov*, I. G. L a r i o n o v a * *
*Sc.D. (psychology), head of general psychology chair, Kazan State University, Kazan;
**PhD, head of general and social psychology chair, Nizhnekamck branch of Moscow
Humanities and Economics Institute, Nizhnekamck
The results of psychic's states peculiarities and their self-regulation study of Tatarstan population with different
ethnocultural identity are presented. It is shown that Russians and Tatrs as representatives of big social groups
are characterized by differences in the frequency of psychic states actualization, It is revealed that ethnoses' dis
positions, customs and traditions through such ethnocultural factors as ethnic self-consciousness, religious be
longing, etc. affected the specificity of the applied means and methods of psychic states self-regulation.
Key words: psychic states, self-regulation, ethnocultural identity.

28

2007

, 2007, 28, 6, . 69-81


^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^



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80

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10. ..
- :
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- ". ., 1996. . 3 1 34.
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.: "", 2001. . 28-29.
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. .: , 1998.
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. .: , 2004.
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- //
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. .: , 1992.
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(
) //
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.
: - //
-
. :
-, 2002. . 42^15.
27. .. .
. .: , 2002.
28. ..
. : "
", 2001.
29. DeCasper AJ., Fifer W.P. Of human bonding: New
borns prefer their mothers voices. // Sciens. 1980.
V. 208. P. 1174-1176.
30. Chamberlain D. What is Early Parenting? //
www.birthpsychology.com.
31. Gardner JM., Lennon E.M., Karmel B.Z. Evaluation of
spontaneous and elicited motor performance in high-risk
infants from birth to 4 months. N.Y., 2000.
32. Glynn L.M., Wadhwa P.D., Sandman A. The Influence
of Corticotropin Releasing Hormone on Human Feta
Development and Parturition // APPPAH Journ. 2000
V. 14 (3^1). P. 243-256.
33. Hattunen M., Niskanen P. Prenatal loss of father an<
psychiatric disorders // The Nature-Nurture Debate. The
Essencial Readings. N.Y.: S.J. Geci and W.M. Williams,
1999.
34. McEwen B.C., Schmeck H.M. The Hostage brain. N.Y.:
The Rockfeller University Press, 1994.
35. Robinson G.W., Garner DM., Douglas J.C. Psycholog
ical adaptation to pregnancy in childless women more
than 35-years of age // Amer. Journ. obstet. gynec. 1987
V. 158. 2. P. 328-333.
36. Verny T. Pre- and Perinatal Psychology: an Introduction
N.Y.: Hum. Scien. Press, 1987.

:
. ,
" ".
1.
?

28

2007


2.
?
3. - ?

5. - ,

? ^?.

4 . ?

DYNAMICS OF WOMAN'S PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS


DURING PREGNANCY AS A FACTOR OF MENTAL HEALTH
OF MOTHER AND BABY
O. A. Sokolova*, E. A. S e r g i e n k o * *
* PhD, psychologist of Family Planning and Reproduction Centre ofSWAD, Moscow
** Sc.D. (psychology), head of psychology of development laboratory of Psychological Institute ofRAS, Moscow
The results of analysis of woman mental health parameters' consecutive changes from the beginning of her
pregnancy up to the end are presented. It was determined that critical period for system of values and attitudes
changing, new meanings formation of mother-to-be is the second trimester of the pregnancy which is concurred
with the beginning of baby active movements sensation. The longitudinal study data of correspondence of pe
culiarities of psychic states regulations during the pregnancy and tension regulation and development of babies
after birth reveal new possibilities of mother-to-be personal development and the importance of prenatal period
in human's psychic formation.
Key words: mental health, pregnancy, prenatal development, psychic sates.

28

81

2007

, 2007, 28, 6, . 82-90


.


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28

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.
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4.

.
5.
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-

.

1. .., ..
// .
. 2000. 12. . 21-27.
2. ., ..
- . .:
. -. .
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: . . ... . .
. ., 2003.
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90

5. /
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/ . .. , .. , .. . .:
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13. .. . .: ,
2002.
14. ., . ,
, ,

// .
2000. 2. . 5-49.
15. Averbuch ., Katzper . Gender and the placebo anal
gesic effect in acute pain // Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. 2001
V. 70(3). P. 287-291.

16. Buchbaum M.S., Davis G.S., Coppola R. et al. Opiate


pharmacology and individual differences. Somatosenso
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cardiorespiratory parameters // Gastrointestinal. Endos
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18. GearR.W., Gordon N.C., Heller PH. etal. Gender differ
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19. Gordon N.C., Gear R.W., Heller P.H. et al. Enhance
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20. Keefe FJ., Lefebvre J.C., EgertJR. et al. The relation
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Gender differences in pain perception and patterns of ce
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An epidemiologic comparison of pain complaints //
Pain. 1988. V. 32. P. 33-40.

MEN' AND WOMEN' DIFFERENCES IN PAIN PERCEPTION


G..A. A d a s h i n s k a y a * , E. E. M a i z e r o v * * , S. N. E n i k o l o p o v * * *
* PhD, assistant professor of general psychology chair, psychological and social department, Russian State Medical
University, senior research assistant of Reflexotherapy Institute, Federal Scientific, Clinical, and Experimental Center
of Traditional Methods of Diagnosis and Treatment, Ministry of Public Health of Russian Federation, Moscow
** M.D., head of Reflexotherapy Institute, Federal Scientific, Clinical, and Experimental Center of Traditional Methods
of Diagnosis and Treatment, Ministry of Public Health of Russian Federation, Moscow
*** PhD, head of clinical psychology department, scientific center of mental health of RAMS, assistant professor
of neuro - and pathopsychology chair, Faculty of Psychology, Moscow State University after M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow
Patients' with neurogenetic, somatogenic and psychogenic pain syndromes appraisals of pain sensations per
ception and emotional-affective attitudes to pain are studied. Reliable differences between men and women in
appraisal of pain sensations intensity (strength), their description and degree of evidence of emotional-affective
attitudes to pain are obtained. It is shown that the given differences become apparent in the number of charac
terizing pain sensations and emotional attitude to pain descriptors: women use more definitions for pain in com
parison with men regardless of the pain syndrome form. It is determined that regardless of sex patients with
psychogenic pain syndrome for pain sensations and emotional-affective attitude to pain description choose
more descriptors in caparison with other patients.
Key words: sex, gender differences; neurogenetic, somatogenic, psychogenic pain syndrome; pain perception,
emotional-affective attitude, semantics, intraception.

28

2007

. 2007, 28, 6, . 91-100


^ = = = = ^ = = = = = = = =



2 0 0 7 . . . *, . . * * , . . ***
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e-mail: drobysheva@psychol.ras.ru
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28

2007


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/
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, 2000.

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Journ. Developm. and Psychopathology. 1993. V. 5.
P. 3 1 ^ 9 .

28

2007

7*

100

46. Jensen P., Martin D., Cantwell D. Comorbidity in


ADHD: Implications for research, practice and DSMV // Joum. of the Amer. Academy of Child and Adoles
cent Psychiatry. 1997. V. 36. P. 1065-1079.
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Psychol. 1988. V. L P . 57-68.

ANXIETY AS A CONCOMITANT FACTOR IN CHILDREN


WITH ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY SYNDROME
V. M. Astapov*, . V. D r o b y s h e v a * * , V. V. Viktorova***
*PhD (psychology), professor, head of Practical Psychology chair Moscow Institute for Open
Education, Moscow
**PhD, senior assistant, Psychological Institute ofRAS, Moscow
*** Postgraduate student of Practical Psychology chair Moscow Institute for Open Education, Moscow
From the position of functional approach anxiety is considered as a co-disorder that is a cause of maladjusted
behavior of children with attention deficit and hyperactivity syndrome. It is shown that feeling anxiety and ori
entation of attention in search of threat at the moment of significant activity fulfillment have an influence on
its realization successfulness. Anxiety disorganizing effect on activity and behavior is connected with the fact
that determining anxiety direction activity is characterized by unequal concentration of attention on interpreted
as threatening environmental elements.
Key words: anxiety, uneasiness, attention deficit and hyperactivity syndrome, searching function.

28

2007

, 2007, 28, 6, . 101-110


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2007

21. . . "-".
-, 11
2001 . : - -
, 2002.
22. Cook-Greuter SR. Rare Forms of Self-Understanding in
Mature Adults // Transcendence and Mature Thought in
Adulthood. The Further Reaches of Adult Develop
ment/ Eds. M.E. Miller, S.R. Cook-Greuter. L.: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers, Inc. 1994. P. 119-143.
23. Gadamer H.-G. On the Problem of Self-Understand
ing // Philosophical Hermeneutics / Translated and edit
ed by D.E. Linge. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: Uni
versity of California Press, 1977. P. 44-58.
24. Gerber LA. Transformations in self-understanding in
surgeons whose treatment efforts were not successful //
American Joum. of Psychotherapy. 1990. V. XLIV.
L P . 75-84.

25. Gergen KJ. If persons are texts // Hermeneutics and


psychological theory. L.: New Brunswick, 1988. P. 2851.
26. Grimes DA., Creinin M. Induced Abortion: An Over
view for Internists // Annals of Internal Medicine. 2004.
V. 140. 8. P. 620-627.
27. Kintch W., van Dijk . Toward a model of text com
prehension and production // Psychological review.
1978. V. 85. 5. P. 363-394.
28. Modi D. Factors Influencing Women's Attitudes To
wards Abortion at the University of Pennsylvania // Per
spectives in Psychology: The Undergraduate Psycholo
gy Joum. of the University of Pennsylvania. 2002. V. 5.
P. 42-49.
29. Thorndyke P.W. Cognitive structures in comprehension
and memory of narrative discourse // Cognitive psychol
ogy. 1977. V. 9. 1. P. 77-110.

FROM STUDIES OF SUBJECT'S WORLD UNDERSTANDING


TO PSYCHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF SELF-UNDERSTANDING EXISTENCE
V. V. Z n a k o v
Sc.D. (psychology), professor, leading research assistance, Psychological Institute of PAS, Moscow
The results of psychology of subject and psychology of human existence problem domains comparison are pre
sented. Psychological analysis of cognitive and existential components of psyche from the standpoint of psy
chology of human existence is carried out, its object is described. Gnoseological and ontological aspects of un
derstanding problem are analyzed. The tendency of psychological studies change-over - from studying of un
derstanding of facts, events, situations by individual subject to analysis of understanding as a way of group
subject's existence is considered. The question on necessity of psychological and not just philosophical study
of described by M. Heidegger self-understanding existence is posed. It is shown that existence doesn't include
understanding but is based on it: without understanding as joining to sense and values there is no full value hu
man existence.
Key words: psychology of subject, psychology of human existence, understanding, self-understanding, self-un
derstanding being.

28

2007

, 2007, 28, 6, . 111-114


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