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2010
PROCESS
PROCESS ENGINEERING
INTERNATIONAL,
LLC EXCELLENCE
IN APPLIED
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING

PROCESS ENGINEERING
INTERNATIONAL, LLC
PHONE: +1 (865) 220 8722
WEB: www.ProcessEngrintl.com

PROCESS ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL, LLC

-
.
:










,














( )






/
,

PROCESS ENGINEERING
INTERNATIONAL, LLC
: +7(495) 6707481
WEB: www.ProcessEngrintl.com

C O N T E N T S

UPSTREAM
..................................................................................2

...............4

:
...........................7

2010 PROCESS.........................12
W. Weiss, L, Brandvold

............................15
. .
.........21
Cardenas, C. Chung, P. Filatov
................23
.......34
:
.......................................................39

P. D. Lund


.........................41
. . , . . , . .

....................................46


....................................................51
:
.......................53

COOPERATIVE RESEARCH NAVIES:
FREDYN...............................55
J. Koning
?................56
H. Bogaert
:
...................................58
J. de Jong
SAFETUG:
3 .........59
R. Grin
SAFETRANS ........60
DOWNSTREAM

. . , . .

.............61

C. A. Cabrera
................................................65
D. K. Tuli, M. P. Singh, M. K. Upreti
..........................................68
P. Nair, A. Bozzano, T. Kaines


............................................................. 72
T. Nejat Vezirolu, Smer ahin
21 : .......................................................... 76
M. K. Joshi
............ 87

J. M. Andersen, K. J. Aspray, J. Gregor



................................................................. 91
...................................................................... 95

UPSTREAM
KALEIDOSCOPE....................................................................................2
Events
National Data Repositories conference in Delhi......................4
Production
Stripper Well Consortium Aids
Americas Small Producers...........................................................7
Technologies
2010 ANOTHER RECORD YEAR.........................................................12
W. Weiss, L, Brandvold
Sodium Chloride Issues
In Oilfield Applications.................................................................15
S.G. Babin
THE PG GENERATSIAS NEW GENERATION RIGS................................21
Cardenas, C. Chung, P. Filatov
Kingfisher Field: FieldDevelopment Plan ..................................23
A perfect preparation for a safe
and perfect welding work ..........................................................34
IT and the business common mistakes..........................................................................39
P. D. Lund
Importance of innovations
and new energy technologies
for the grand challenges in energy and climate.....................41
A.E. Vorobiev, E.V, Chekushina, G.G. Moldabaeva
The main ways of forming aquatic deposits
of gas hydrates..............................................................................46
Production water
Cost Effective Recovery
of Low-TDS Frac Flowback Water for Re-use.............................51
Marcellus Water Management Project
to Test Use for Mine Drainage Water..........................................53
Deepwater technologies
COOPERATIVE RESEARCH NAVIES:
DEVELOPS NEW FREDYN SOFTWARE...................................................55
J. Koning
IS KARGO SECURING IN NEED OF SHORING UP?.................................56
H. Bogaert
NEW TESTS ADVANCE SLOSHING KNOWLEDGE...................................58
J. de Jong
SAFETUG:
A UNIQUE 3 MILLION JIP CONCLUDES................................................59
R. Grin
SAFETRANS CELEBRATES 10TH ANNIVERSARY....................................60
DOWNSTREAM
Technologies
V.V. Eskin, B.L. Orlov
HIGHTEMOERATURE PROCESSESS VIZUALISATION
IN REFINERIES AND PETROCHEMICALS...............................................61
Alternative energy
C. A. Cabrera
TRENDS IN REFINING..........................................................................65
D. K. Tuli, M. P. Singh, M. K. Upreti
Biofuels from Microalgae...........................................................68
P. Nair, A. Bozzano, T. Kaines
PRODUCTION OF RENEWABLE DIESEL
AND RENEWABLE JET
FROM BIO-DERIVED FEEDSTOCKS......................................................72
T. Nejat Vezirolu, Smer ahin
21st Centurys energy: Hydrogen energy system......................76
M. K. Joshi
Refining The Challenge For Green Technologies....................................87
Optimization
J. M. Andersen, K. J. Aspray, J. Gregor
LOWER COSTS OF PRODUCTION
FOR ETHJYLENE & PROPYLENE VIA MTO..............................................91
NEW TECHNOLOGIES..........................................................................95

CD-




2010 PROCESS
PROCESS ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL,
LLC Excellence in Applied Chemical Engineering

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION ON CD-DISC


COLOR VERSION E OF THE MAGAZINE
Importance of innovations
and new energy technologies
for the grand challenges in energy and climate
2010 ANOTHER RECORD YEAR
PROCESS ENGINEERING INTERNATIONAL,
LLC Excellence in Applied Chemical ngineering

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700 South Illinois Ave.
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Oak Ridge, TN 37830
Phone: (865) 2208722
Fax: (865) 2208729
www.ProcessEngr.com
info@processengr.com



/: (495) 6707481
borisova.ogt@mail.ru
8 2011

UPSTREAM

W. Weiss, L. Brandvold, Correlations Company

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8 2011

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UPSTREAM

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1. Ralston, P.R.and Persinski, L.J.: U.S. Patent 3,367,416, Inhibiting Salt


Deposition, February 6, 1968.
2. van Dorp, Q. T., Slijkhuis, M., Zitha, P.L.J.: Salt Precipitation in Gas
Reservoirs, SPE 122140-MS 2009, 8th European Formation Damage
Conference, 2729 May 2009, Scheveningen, The Netherlands.
3. Frigo, D.M., Jackson, L.A., Doran, S.M., and Trompert, R.A.: Chemical Inhibition
of Halite Scaling in Topsides Equipment, Paper SPE 60191, presented at the 2nd
International Symposium on Oilfield Scale, Aberdeen, UK, 2627 January 2000.
4. Guan, Hua, Keatch, Richard, Benson, Charles, and Grainger, Neil, Mechanistic
Study of Chemicals Providing Improved Halite Inhibition, SPE 114058,2008 SPE
International Oilfield Scale Conference,Aberdeen, UK, 2008.
5. Earl, S.L. and Nahm, J.J., Use of chemical salt precipitation inhibitors to
maintain supersaturated salt muds for drilling salt formations, SPE 10097, 58th
Annual Fall Technical Conference and Exhibition of the Society of Petroleum
Engineers of AIME, San Antonio, TX, 1981.
6. Ebeltoft, H, Yousif, M., Soergard, E., Hydrate Control During
Deepwater Drilling: Overview and New Drilling-Fluids Formulations

20

. 12. ,
,
SPE 68207-PA, Journal SPE Drilling & Completion Volume 16, Number,
March 2001.
7. Boone, D. and Ralston, P.: U.S. Patent 3.367.416, Stabilized Drilling Mud,
Dec. 1, 1970.
8. Kirk, J.W. and Dobbs, J.B.: A Protocol to Inhibit the Formation of Natrium
Chloride Salt Blocks, Paper SPE 74662, presented at the SPE Oilfield Scale
Symposium, Aberdeen, UK, 3031 January 2002.
9. Kleinitz, W., Koehler, M. and Dietzsch, G., The Precipitation of salt in gas
producing wells, SPE 68953, European Formation Damage Conference, The
Hague, The Netherlands, 2122 May, 2001
10. OLI STREAM ANALYZER 2.0, www.olisystems.com.
11. Ebeltoft, H., Yousif, M., Srgrd, E.: Hydrate Control During Deepwater
Drilling: Overview and New Drilling-Fluids Formulations, SPE 68207-PA,
SPE Journal Drilling & Completion, Volume 16, Number 1, March 2001,
Pages1926.
12.Yousuf, M.H. and Young, D.B.: A Simple Correlation To Predict the Hydrate
Point Suppression, SPE/AIDC 25705, presented at the SPE/IADC Drilling
Conference, Amsterdam, 2325 February, 1993.
13. www.netl.doe.gov/KMD/cds/Disk33/maurer.pdf
William W. (Bill) Weiss (.. ), Correlations Company
(Socorro, NM). - Weiss , , ,
.
, , ,
. - Weiss
30 . 1985 2003 .
Field Petroleum Engineer and Head of the Reservoir Evaluation and
Advanced Technologies Group PRRC (New Mexico Tech)
9 NM Oil and Gas Commission. 1985 . - Weis Texas
Pacific Oil & Gas and Sun Oil Company -
. - Weiss 100
United Nations. - Weiss Western State College (Colorado)
1965 . Society of Petroleum Engineers, Roswell Geological
Society, Albuquerque Petroleum Association Socorro Rotary Club.
- Weiss : Bweiss@Correlations.com.
Lynn A. Brandvold (.. ), - Correlations
Company. 40 - Brandvold
New Mexico Bureau of Geology and Mine.
- Brandvold , New Mexico Tech. - Brandvold
New Mexico Water Quality Control Commission
33 Interstate Oil Compact Commission 16 .
- Brandvold ,
, .
8 2011

UPSTREAM

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8 2011

21

UPSTREAM
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;

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2011 .
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8 2011

UPSTREAM

R. Cardenas, C. Chung, P. Filatov, Venkata Gorripati



, 29/2 --
60 (1 = 0,3048 ),
,
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4070

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45

10

, %
( . )

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7500

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,
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, .

8 2011

70
200
200
2000

26
165

15
200
40
1100

53
10
134
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23

UPSTREAM

200

250

180
200

140
120

150

100
80

100

60
40

50

, . . /

160

20
0

0
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

60

65

70

. 1.
-

--
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29/2

20

. 2.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

adsent

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sh, co
lst

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sst, sh
sh

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sh

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

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. 3.

24

salt, anh, sh, lst


lst
sst, sh

sst, sh
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, .

8 2011

UPSTREAM

.

,
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.

,

, :
;

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factor
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.

. 5.

8 2011

25

UPSTREAM

4.

, API
,
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()

()

32
0,4
783
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6
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. 6.

, .3/.

900
800
700
600

Pb

500
400
300
200

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100
0
0

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

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. 7.

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783

1,435 0,443

8 2011

UPSTREAM

=
62,428 /3;

, /

bo
1.6
1.4
1.2

Pb

Pb

0.8

0.6
0.4
0.2
0
0

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

. 8. b

10
9
8
7
6

Pb

4
3
2

Pb

0
0

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

5000

, /2

. 9.
. 6.


,
/3

50,43

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,
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:

8 2011

783

, ,
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VLP,

27

UPSTREAM

8.

23

18

180210

50110

150270* ( 210)

10160* ( 48)

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@
, /2

9. , RCA, MDT, SCAL


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,

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336

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/2

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3
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2720

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. . 8 , RCA, SCAL,
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;
kh ( 40000 .);

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28

,
kh ( 1000 .).

. RCA, MDT, SCAL
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,
,
,
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:

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.
. , , . 10. ,
-

8 2011

UPSTREAM

, /2
0

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

0
1000

2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
7000
8000
9000

. 10.
12. PVT

, /2/

, /2/

PVT

0,35

0,308

0,320,36

0,330,37

14

P50 = 18%

12

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10

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,
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(. 12).
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,


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10

15

20

25

30

35

40

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. 11.

. ,
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,
:
, ,
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50
18 % 23 %,

8 2011

, ,

RCA
,
STOIIP, ,
RCA
, ;
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, ,
,
;
50 22 % 29

UPSTREAM

13.


153210 (169)*
48076597 (5309,3)*
0,320,52 (0,42)*
49,6109,2 (71,6)*
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1,211,24 (1,224)*
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0,13*
6944


/
230245 (238)*
63276740 (6547)8
0,760,92 (0,81)*
183,9211,6 (194,2)*
0,180,27 (0,23)*
0,710,82 (0,765)*
1,421,45 (1,435)*
25525 (230)*
71,07*
7975

854,84035,7
1990,8

26676084
4091,9

12852968
2050

30725134
4070



,
, 106 3
,
,
,
,

,
, ///2
,
STOIIP
STOIIP,
STOIIP,
STOIIP
90 / 10 STOIIP,
50 STOIIP,

80

P50 = 22%

70

60

P10

50

P90

.

. . 13 14

,

(..
, ). ,

,

.
.


(
arithmetic average AA),
(geometric average GA)
(harmonic average - HA).

:
1 n
AA =
Yi ,
n i
=1
n

GA = y1 y2... yn ,

40
30
20
10

10

15

20

25

30

35

, %

. 12.
14.

KF-3
KF-4
KF-5

13,8
9,1
19,9
14,3

,
GA
HA

2,5
15,3
5,5
7,7

0,3
0,5
0,6
0,5

9,4
1,9
16,4
9,2

,
GA
HA

4,5
0,4
4,3
3,1

2,8
0,2
0,5
1,1

15.

KF-1
KF-2
KF-3
KF-4
KF-5

30

i =1

HA =

1676
345
502
866
1777
1033

,
GA
HA

277
22
74
108
332
163

3
1
2
1
3
2

,
GA

HA

1780
150
594
545
1938
1002

129
5
124
61
429
149

1
0
1
1
29
6

1
Yi

. 14 15.
,
(,
),
,

.
,

, .
.

, ,

.
;
8 2011

UPSTREAM

MDT
MDT

, .
. 17
, ,
MDT.
. 18
,
MDT.
.

MDT
:

10000

1000

10
1
0.1

0.01
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

, %
KF-3

KF-4

KF-5

. 13.

10000
1000
100
10
1
0.1
0.01
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

, %
KF-1

KF-2

KF-3

KF-4

KF-5

. 14.
16.

163
8

k/k

149
3,1

0,92
0,39

17. ,

,
/2/

,
/2/

, /

,
F/

6947
7978

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0,31

0,47
0,49

120000
180000

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=
/.

100

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.


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.

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,
.
, ,
,

.
. 16

,
k/k .

8 2011

=
.

18. ,
MDT


( )
AA,
GA,
,

19
559

9
336

3
102

31

UPSTREAM

19. PVT-,

,
/2

3191
3915


, 3/
B
,

325,1
783

1,224
1,435

2,944
0,443

20. ,

KF1
KF3
KF4
KF5
KF6
KF7
KF8

KF1
KF2
KF3
KF4
KF5
KF6
KF7
KF8

( )
,
GA,
,

11,85
27,07
13,18
43,23
16,16
14,72
8
19
939,48
563,36
606,42
524,48
413,10
457,05
399,04
568,15
559

, ,
PVT
(2,944 0,433
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5,70
9,83
8,67
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6
9
546,28
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380,35
356,52
263,85
290,62
211,67
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3
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21.

,
/2/

,
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,
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,
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/

KF1
KF3
KF4
KF5
KF6
KF7
KF8

6948
6947
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ODT
6946
ODT
6946
6947
ODT
ODT
7975
7977
7978
7979
7977
7980
7978

0,35
0,35
0,35
0,35
0,35
0,35
0,35
0,35
0,3076
0,3076
0,3076
0,3076
0,3076
0,3076
0,3076
0,3076
0,3076

50,4
50,4
50,4
50,4
50,4
50,4
50,4
50,4
44,3
44,3
44,3
44,3
44,3
44,3
44,3
44,3
44,3

0,47
0,47

0,47
0,47
0,47

0,49
0,49
0,49
0,49
0,49
0,49
0,49

67,68
67,68

67,68
67,68
67,68

70,56
70,56
70,56
70,56
70,56
70,56
70,56

120000
120000

120000
120000
120000

180000
180000
180000
180000
180000
180000
180000

32

KF1
KF2
KF3
KF4
KF5
KF6
KF7
KF8

8 2011

UPSTREAM
22.

,
F/

KF1
KF3
KF4
KF5
KF6
KF7
KF8

0,0167
0,0167
0,0167
0,0167
0,0167
0,0167
0,0167
0,0167
0,0169
0,0169
0,0169
0,0169
0,0169
0,0169
0,0169
0,0169
0,0169

KF1
KF2
KF3
KF4
KF5
KF6
KF7
KF8

, pi
.




(. 24).
2
2
:
7,08 10-3kh
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0,42

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4,93

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272,22

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5580,00

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1
2

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///2

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Pi

Pi
, /2

KF1

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3191

6820

6825

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3191

6820

6718

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6700

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3191

6820

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3915

7950

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7465

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.

1:
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PI
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8 2011

400 , , re
,

.
: Green Oil Group
33

UPSTREAM


.
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UPSTREAM

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UPSTREAM

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Protem GmbH
An Hambiegel 27
D-76706 Dettenhein-Liedolsheim, Germany
Fax: 49 7247 9393-33
Email: n.reicher@protem-gmbh.de
Website: www.protem-gmbh.de
8 2011

UPSTREAM

,

, ,
, , , -
, - , , , , , .

.
,
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(research and development
R&D) -
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, - - , - , , , - , , .
, -
- , , , D. Holland, ,
.
- Holland & Davis.
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8 2011

39

UPSTREAM
.
, .
,
( , ).
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,
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(Chief Information Officer CIO) -
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,
(National Aeronautics
and Space Administration NASA),
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/ , , ,

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, . .
. . - : Digital Energy Journal

, - Dr. Dutch Holland (. )
-, ( Engineering Organizational
Change Systems Engineering Approach to Business Readiness).
- - Holland Holland & Davis LLC (www.hdinc.com).
.

40

8 2011

UPSTREAM

P. D. Lund, Aalto University, School of Science ( Helsinki University of Technology)


,
,
.
,


100 . 2050 .

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.


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,
; 80 %
.
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(36 %), .
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5060 % 2050 .,


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41

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10


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50 ,

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8 2011

1. International Energy Agency. Energy technology


perspectives 2010. Scenarios
and strategies to 2050. OECD/IEA; 2010. Paris,
France.
2. International Energy Agency. World energy
outlook 2010. Paris: OECD/IEA; 2010.
3. Pacala S, Socolow R. Stabilization wedges: solving
the climate Problem for the next 50 years with
current technologies. Science 2004; 305:968-972.
4. Shell International BV. Shell energy scenarios to
2050, The Netherlands, www.shell.com/scenarios;
2008.
5. European Renewable Energy Council. REthinking 2050. A 100% renewable energy vision for
the European Union, http://www.erec.org; April
2010.
6. P.D. Lund: Boosting new renewable technologies
towards grid parity - economical and policy aspects.
Renewable Energy 36, 2776-2784 (2011).
7. P.D. Lund. Exploring past energy changes and
their possible implications to pace of penetration of
new energy options. Energy 35, 647656 (2010).
8. P.D. Lund: Fast market penetration of energy
technologies in retrospect with application to clean
energy futures. Applied Energy 87, 35753583
(2010).
9. Peter Lund. Market penetration rates of new
energy technologies. Energy Policy, 34, 3317-3326
(2006).
10. Kati Miettunen, Minna Toivola, Ghufran Hashmi,
Jyri Salpakari, Imran Asghar,Peter Lund: A carbon
gel catalyst layer for the roll-to-roll production of
dye solar cells. Carbon, 49, 528-532 (2010).
11. B. Zhu, H. Qin, R. Raza, Q.H. Liu, L. Fan,
J .Patakangas, P. Lund, A single-component
fuel cell reactor, International Journal of
Hydrogen Energy (2011). In press. doi:10.1016/j.
ijhydene.2011.04.082
12. Peter D. Lund: Importance of integrated
strategies and innovations for commercial
breakthrough of fuel cells. Int.J.of Hydrogen
Energy, Vol 35, Issue 7, 2602-2605 (2010).
13. P.D.Lund. Effectiveness of policy measures in
transforming the energy system. Energy Policy 35,
627-639(2007)
14. P.D. Lund: Effects of energy policies on industry
expansion in renewable energy. Renewable Energy
34 5364 (2009).

Dr. Peter Lund (. ), ,



Aalto University. - Lund 30 ,

. 1990- , R &
D- Finnish Funding Agency
for Technology and Innovation (Tekes). - Lund


10 . 2002
2006 . - Lund European Commission . 19962000 .
- S&T
. 20042005 .
Baltic Sea Region
Cooperation. - Lund European Academies Science Advisory
Council, European Platform of Universities in
Energy Research Swedish Engineering Academy.
, , .
- Lund
.
Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and
Environment and Editor of International Journal of
Energy Research (Wiley). - Lund
: peter.lund@aalto.fi.

45

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8 2011

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.

. 1. . : ALL Consulting.

8 2011

51

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lifecycle),
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NETL).
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,

. -,
;

. -, ,
:
;
,
, .
: U.S. Department of Energy
Skip Pratt
Skip.Pratt@netl.doe.gov
Tel. 304 2854396

8 2011

UPSTREAM

. Carnegie Mellon Universiy, NETL,


. 2009 .
( 2012 .
)
(acid mine drainage AMD)
, ,
.

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, . , 2009 .
. 2009 .
,
, 710 ,
2010 . 821 .

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. ) .

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,
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, , .

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,
.
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solids TDS) 70 000 250 000 /,
. ,

8 2011

. 1. McKeesport .

. ,
-
,
.
(publically owned treatment
works POTW) . ,
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, , POTW (. 1). ,
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53

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.
, ( )

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. CONSOL Energy, Hedin Environment, Veolia Water
Solutions and Technologies, Universal Well Services, Inc.,
PA Brine Treatment Inc., NETL.
. ,

.

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. AMD

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.
AMD ,

.
- , . (vidic@pitt.edu
412-6241307) , NETL
(chandra.nautiyal@netl.doe.gov 281-49424880).
: U. S. Department of Energy

Dr. Radislav Vidic


vidic@pitt.edu
Tel. 412 6241307
Ch. Nautiyal, NETL
chandra.naytiyal@netl.doe.gov
Tel. 281 49424880
8 2011

UPSTREAM

2010 . Cooperative Research Navies (CRN) 20- . Report


CRN
FREDYN


50

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.
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CRN ,
,
www.
crnav.org.

8 2011

55

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QinetiQ FREDYN10

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,
,
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.


FREDYN
. DSTO Melbourne
. 3. ,
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. FREDYN - Sydney
, CRN. . , . FREDYN - Kormora,
Fortran 77, Sydney . Fortran 90.

2008 . FREDYN
2500 .
FREDYN ,
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,
. -
. CRN bkb .
Phoenix FREDYN. FREDYN
FREDYN10 -
+ +.
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J. Koning

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, - 56

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- J. Koning : j.koning@marin.nl

57

UPSTREAM

H. Bogaert

2010 . MARIN
MarkIII, . Report
MARIN,

.
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.
.
MARIN .
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Services (HSS) MARIN
, Sloshel
Gaztransport & Technigaz (GTT), Bureau Veritas Shell.
Ecole Centrale
Marceille, American Bureau of Shipping, Chevron, Lloyd's
Register, Det Norske Veritas ClassNK. Sloshel
,
, Bureau Veritas , .
, MARIN 2007 .,
Report 2009 .

, ,
NO96. 2009 . 1:6.
MARIN GTT
,

8 2011

UPSTREAM
.
,
.

Sloshel 2010 .

MarkIII
. 142 . , , ,
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.

Sloshel,
,
MARIN.

- H. Bogaert
: h.bogaert@marin.nl

Stephen Colins,
Shell.
" LNG




".

J. de Jong

SAFETUG , ,
, . SAFETUG , Report

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ITS).
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.

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59

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8 2011

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8 2011

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August Kranti Marg, New Delhi-110 016
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71

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Andrea Bozzano, , UOP LLC

Tom Kalnes, , UOP LLC

PLATTS: GLOBAL ENERGY AWARDS 2011


Platts, , ,
Global Energy Awards 2011,
. - 12 2011 .
Platts Global Energy Awards
. .
.

Tesco, . , Platts Strategic Media Platts Global
Energy Awards. ,
.
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Platts Petrochemical and Blendstock Innovation Award (
),
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), :
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,
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www.GlobalEnergyAwards.com.
Kathleen Tanzy
212-904-2860 Kathleen_tanzy@platts.com
Evgenia Shipova
Senior Account Manager The PBN Company
+7 495 775 0077 .: +7 985 111 2783 www.pbnco.com

8 2011

75

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T. Nejat Vezirolu, Clean Energy Research Institute,


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86


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18. Vezirolu T.N, Takahashi PK, editors. Hydrogen energy progress VII (3 vols.). Proceedings of the 8th WHEC. Oxford: Pergamon Press; 1990.
19. Vezirolu T.N, Derive C, Pottier J, editors. Hydrogen energy progress IX (3 vols.).
Proceedings of the 9th WHEC. Coral Gables, FL: International Association for Hydrogen
Energy; 1992.
20. Block DL, Veziroglu TN, editors. Hydrogen energy progress X (3 vols.). Proceedings of the 10th WHEC. Coral Gables, FL: International Association for Hydrogen
Energy; 1994.
21. Vezirolu T.N, Winter C-J, Baselt JP, Kreysa G, editors. Hydrogen energy progress
XI (3 vols.). Proceedings of the 11th WHEC. Coral Gables, FL: International Association
for Hydrogen Energy; 1996.
22. Bolcich JC, Vezirolu T.N, editors. Hydrogen energy progress XII (3 vols.). Proceedings of the 12th WHEC. Coral Gables, FL: International Association for Hydrogen
Energy; 1998.
23. Bockris John OM, Vezirolu T.N, Smith Debbi. Solar hydrogen energy: the power
to save the earth. London: Optima; 1991.
24. Vezirolu T.N, Frano Barbir. Hydrogen energy technologies. UNIDO, A1400 Vienna,
Austria; 1998.
25. Vezirolu T.N, Barbir F. Hydrogen energy system: a permanent solution to the global
energy-environmental problems. In: 35th IUPAC congress proceedings, Istanbul, Turkey,
1315 August 1995.
26. Fulkerson W, Judkins RJ, Sanghvi MK. Energy from fossil fuels. Sci Am
1990;263(3):12935.
27. Vezirolu T.N, Gurkan I, Padki MM. Remediation of greenhouse problem through
replacement of fossil fuels by hydrogen. Int J Hydrogen Energy 1989; 14(4).

T. Nejat Vezirolu
E-mail: veziroglu@miami.edu
Tel./fax: +90 312 212 43 04.
Smer ahin
E-mail: sumer@gazi.edu.tr

8 2011

DOWNSTREAM

M. K. Joshi, Engineers India Limited



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M. K. Joshi (

),

, Engineering India Limited

Petroleum Federation of India


PHD House, Third Floor, 4/2, Siri
Institutional Area,
August Kranti Marg, New Delhi-110 016
Tel.:+91-11-2653 7069
Fax:+91-11-2696 4840
E-mail:petrofed@petrofed.org
Website:www.petrofed.org

8 2011

DOWNSTREAM

J. M. Andersen, K. J. Aspray, J. Gregor, UOP LLC,

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.
: Petrofed

James M. Andersen, (Olefins/


Detergents) UOP LLC, USA

Keith J. Aspray,- (Petrochemicals) UOP


LLC, USA

Joseph Gregor, (MTO/OCP) UOP


LLC, USA

Petroleum Federation
of India
PHD House, Third Floor, 4/2,
Siri Institutional Area,
August Kranti Marg,
New Delhi-110 016
Tel.:+91-11-2653 7069
Fax:+91-11-2696 4840
E-mail:petrofed@petrofed.org
Website:www.petrofed.org
8 2011




16-1 - ,
.
148 (1 = 0,3048 ).
Hoang Long Joint Operating
Company (JOC)

PetroVietnam (41 %), Soco International (28,5 %), PTT Exploration


and Production (28,5 %)

OPECO Vietnam (2 %).

55000 / .

40 000 / .
2003 . TGT-1X. 2008 .
11 300 / .
H1 H4,
. ,
,
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.
FPSO TGT 1 SuezMax
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2011 .
: www.offshore-technology.com
:

B. Beaubouef

E&P- Macondo.
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Energy

Ltd
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. Shell . ,
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ExxonMobil Corp.
,
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: www.offshore-mag.com

8 2011

:
Na
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Iranian

Offshore

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Co
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. Zirakchianzade

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40000 /, .

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: www.offshore-mag.com
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Ophir

Energy
Kora-1 ( /
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-1 14591 Maersk Deliverer.
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(
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while

drilling

- FEWD

) () (
) ,
.
,
. Rocksource , FEWD-.
,
.
: www.offshore-mag.com
Afren:
Afren
.
( C1-01;
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3D-
.
: www.offshore-mag.com
:

Afren
(35 %) Eni.
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95

325 . 2011 .

Marianas.
, -,
,
. Afren
,
.
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: JDZ
JDZ

( Afren 4,41 %).


Total. 2011 .


.
3D-
(ocean bottom cable OBC).
/ ( OML 115).
.
Afren
2011 .
2011 - 2012 .,
2012 .
OML
115
Afren
100 % 40 % .

.

.
( ) 60
.
: www.offshore-mag.com
:
FPSO
Keppel FPSO Aseng,
Noble Energy. ,
,
,
Aseng Produc
tion Co. SBM Offshore

Compania Nacional de Petroleo de Guinea Ecuatorial (GEPetrol).


FPSO Aseng 80 000 /
1,7 .
Keppel
, ,
, . 2000 . Keppel SBM
13 FPSO/
FSO- .
FPSO,
: www.offshore-mag.com

-
1979 .

. 77-14588 07.02.03

.
.
.
.
.
.

: . , . , . ,

. , . ,

. , .
, 109 029, ,
. , 29/1
(495) 670-7481
e-mail: art@ogt.su
www.ogt.su



, Bayards
Valhall, BP .
Bayards Aluminium Constructies B.V.

About the cover



, Bayards
Valhall, BP .
Bayards Aluminium Constructies B.V.

2011 .
,


.

.

.

28.07.2011. 6090/8. . . . . 12. 2000 . .


. 140010, , , 10, -, 403

1820 2011
, , 75


SPE


,
,


z b2b
, ,
,
z , SPE,
, - ,
(- ), (, , Chevron Canada
Limited), (- , Shell Exploration and Production Services)
www.arcticoilgas.com/ru
z
,
, !
:
, : .: +7 (495) 937 6861, . 136. E-mail: natalia.sitnikova@reedexpo.ru
:
, : .: +44 (0) 20 8910 7194. E-mail: nataliya.yatsenko@reedexpo.co.uk
www.arcticoilgas.ru

TOTAL

Ene
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gi
s
t
i
c
s

.
Phi
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i
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a
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Chi
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fI
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or
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,Tot
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