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N a m e

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PI!It

D a t e

C l a s s

PER C ENT COMP O SITION AND

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CHEMICAL FORMULAS

.

Sect i on R evg ew

Par t 0 Pr ob l e m s

S olve t h e f a llowin g pro b lem s in the spa c e p r ovided. S haw your work .

1

4. W h at i s th e pe r c e n t

a

. C r , 0 3

c o mp osi t i o n

o f eac h o f th e [ oi l o wing'

H g S

c .

Obj e ct i ve s

$

Ca l cu lat e t h e pe r c e n t b y m as s o f al l e l e me n t

i n a compo und

 

I n t e r p r et an e m p i r i c a l for m u l a

Co m pa re a nd c on t ra s t emp i ri c a l

an d m olec u l a r f o rm u l a s

 

1

V

o cabu l a r y

p e r cent c ompos it i on

I I I empir i c a l

f o rm u l a

5

Key E q u at i o n

 

mass o f e l e m e nt

% m a ss of e l e me n t

= m ass of co m pou n d

X 1 00 %

16.

0. Mn, P~O T

. D e t e rmine

c

omp o. ition

th e e mpiric al for m u la of the compound

o f 2 9 . 1 % Na . 4 0. 5% S. a nd 30 . 4% O.

d

.

Ca r N O "h

wit h th e p e r cen t

H o w m a n y kil og r ams of i ron ca n b e r ec o vere d

o r e Fe 2 0 3 ?

from 639 ki l og r a ms

of the

Part A Completion

1 0 . 3 P ERCE N T COMPOS i TIO N AND CH E MIC A L F ORMU L AS

Us e t h is c o m p l e t io n

u

e xercise t o c h e ck you r kl l o w ledg e o f t h e te rm s and you r

in I " ~se'c t i on . E a c h blank c an b e

n d e r s ta n din g of t h e co n ce pt s in t r od uc ed

] com p l eted wit h CL te r m. s ho r t phr ase ,

or n umb e r .

'"

:g.

Th e

.L

o

f a com p oun d

i s t he perc e n t by m ass o f e a c h

1 .

_

1 . i s am p l e

o f a co mpound

ana l y zed in a c h e m i s t ry

lab o r atory

co n s i s ts

of 5 . 34 g

of c ar bon, 0 . 4 2 g of h y dr o ge n, compos i t i o n of t h i s c omp o und?

a n d 47 . 0 8 g of c h lo r i n e . What i s th e perce n t

2

. F in d t he perc e n t

co m po s i t i o n

of a c o m p o un d

1

8 . 35 g o f the compo u nd

con t ain s

5 . 7 4 g of tin ,

co n tai n i ng

t i n and c h l o r i ne

i f

~

~

]

~

~

~

I

~

.sa

j -

e

l e m e nt i l l a co mpoun d.

T h e p e r c e n t

b y m a ss o f an e l e me n t

i n a

c

o mpound

i s t h e n u m b e r

o f g rar n s

of t h e e l e m e n t

pe r

g

o

f th e com pou nd ,

m u l ti p l i e d

by 1 0 0 % . To c alc u la t e

t h e p e r ce n t

b y

m a ss o f o n e l eme n t in a known compo un d.

d i vide t h e m a ss

of the

el

em e n t

i n o ne m o le b y t h e

3

A

l n ) _ 4

o rm u l a rep r e se nt s

f

a n d m ul t i ply b y 10 0 % .

t he l owe s t

5

ra t i o o f t h e

2

.

3.

If 3 . 907 g o f c a rb o n comb i nes

compo un d,

w h at i s t h e p erc e n t

co mple t e l y c o m po s iti o n

w i th 0 . 87 4 g of h yd r ogen o f t h is c om p o u n d ?

to f o rm a

3

.

 

4

. F ror n t he f o rmu la f o r c u l c i u r n ace t ate,

Ca( C , H 3 0 , )"

ca l c u l a t e

the mass of

 

ca rbon

th a t c a n be obta in e d

f r o r n 65 . 3 g 01" t h e co m pou n d .

4

.

 

5

. H o w

ma n y gr ams o f aluminum

are i n 25. 0 g o f alum i nu m

o x i d e ( A1 2 0 ~) ?

5.

6 .

6

7 . D et e rmin e

. How

ma n y g r a m s o f ir on a re i n 2 1 . 6 g of i r o n ( I J l ) ox i d e ( F eoOs) ?

th e em p iri ca l f orm u l a o f e a c h of t he f ol lowin g c o mpoun d s

p e rcen t compositi o n :

a . 7 . 8% c arbo n a nd 92. 2% c hlorine

f r om the

~

e lement s in a c ompound .

lt c a n b e c a l c ul ate d

fr o m a c ompound 's

b . 10. 0 % C , 0 . 3 0 % H , 8 9 . 1 % C !

g

~

p er c ent compo s i tio n. Th e

6 _

f o r m u J a of a co m p o un d i s ei t he r

 

@

 

t h e sam e a s i t s e mpi r i cal

f o r mu l a,

o r i t is some wh o l e- number

 

mult i p l e

o f i t.

Chap t e r 70 Che mi c alQ u ant i ti es 2 4 5

S e ctio n R e vi e w 1 0.3

Part A Completion

L percent composi tion

2. 100

3 . m olar mass

4 . e mp i r i c al

5 . who le - numb e r

6 . molecu l ar

Part D Ques t ions a n d Prob l e ms

,

14 .

d.

a.

b.

c .

104 g Cr

152 g Cr 2 0

48 z O

- 0

X - , - 00 - 68." , , % 01

_

1 .

I I

0 "

3 X 100 = 31 . 6% °

152 g Cr Z 0 3 110 g M n

28

---"'-0

284 g M n 2 P 20 7

4 g M n2P2 0 , 62 ap

X 100 = 3 8 . 7 % M n

X 100 = 2 1 . 8% P

1 1 2 z O

b

28 4 g Mn 2 P :P7

X 100 = 3 9 . 4% 0

2 01 a H g

b

233 g HgS

3 2 . 1 as

X

100 = 86.3% Ha

b

~ T

233 g hg

S X 100 = 1 3 . 8% S

4

0 . 1 g C a

264 g C a ( N 0 3 ) 2

' ) '

X 100 = " , '± .J % C a

, -

28

a N

b

X 1 00 = 17.1 %N

1 64 g Ca(N 0

3

)

2

164

96 gO

g C a (N O a }2

X 100 = 58 . 5% °

_ T,X::

1

. 00 mo l N a

_ " - ""

'

)

15 . 29 . l2 A : \l a

x

= 1 . ~ 7 mal N a

,

'" 1 . 27 mol N a / l . 27

2 3 . 0 ~ a = 1 x 2 = 2

(v 1 . 00 m o l S

40

. 5 ~

/ ,

')~

A

,J~.O ~ 1 . 2 7 m ol S/1.27 = 1 X

3

gD

0 . 4 a U X

1

. 00 ma l O

a A' '' ' )

16 . 0 g - ' - /

_

.

= 1 . 2 1 mo l S

2 = 2

_ = 1 . 90 m o l °

1 . 90 mo l 0 / 1 . 2 7 = 1 . 5 x

2 = 3

Empiric a l formula = N a z S 2 0 3

H i . m ol a r m ass F e Z 0 3 =

vf ,

2 rno i F e x ,

5 5 .8 g F e

1 IT ~e

. / + 3 ~ O ",

v 16 . 0 gO

~ ~O

1 1.y>11 ,

= 1 12 g Fe + 4 8 g ° = 160 g F e 2 03

%

Fe =

a p o

0 - v

g Fe 2 0 3

11 2 g

X 100 = ---

160 g

X 1 0 0

 

= 7 0 . 0 % Fe

 

70

.0 l eg F e

= 447 k g F e

63

9 ~

x 100 . kg - Fez CJ3

S e ct ion 10. 3

 

5

. 34 a C

 

1

. P e r cen t

C =

b

d

x 100 = 1 0. 1 % C

 

52 . 84 g cp

0 . 4 2 aH

 

P e rcen t

H =

0

d x 100 = 0 . 79 % H

52 . 84 g cp

47 . 08 a CI

Pe r cent

Cl = .

b

d X 100 = 89.1 % Cl

 

5

2 . 84 g c p

2. M ass of Cl

= tota l mass of c ompou nd

- mass of Sn

= co m pound

18.3 5

g of

- 5 . 74 g S n

= 12 . 6 1

g C l

e

5 . 74 a S n

Pe r cent

or Sn =

0

d X 1 00

= 31 . 3 % S n

P

e r cent

of C I =

= 68.7% Cl

1 8 . 35 g c p

1

2 . 61 a Cl

18

0

. 35 g c p

d X 1 00

 

3 . 9 0 7

a C

3.

Percent

C =

0

d x 100 = 81 . 7 % C

 

4

. 7 81

g cp

 

Percent

H =

0.

8 74 g H d x 100 = 18 . 3% H

 

4 . 78 1 g cp

 
 

~ 48 . 0

IT C

4

. Perc e n t C =

= 30 . 4% C

b

1 58 . 1 g Ca( C 2 H 3 0 2 ) 2

X 100

Mass C = 30 . 4% C x 65.3 g = 1 9 . 8 g

5 . 1 3 . 2 g A l

6 . 15.11 g Fe

7. a. Get!

b. C HCI 3