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Ailerons

Ailerons are used to roll or rotate the aircraft When the pilot moves the control stick to the right the right aileron moves up and the left aileron moves down This causes more lift on the left wing and less lift on the right wing. The difference in forces causes the aircraft to roll to the right When the pilot moves the control stick to the left the left aileron moves up and the right aileron moves down This causes more lift on the right wing and less lift on the left wing. The difference in forces causes the aircraft to roll to the left.

Elevator
Elevators are used to pitch the aircraft up or down causing it to climb or dive To climb, the pilot pulls the control stick back causing the elevators to deflected up This in turn causes the airflow to force the tail down and the nose up. To dive, the pilot pushes the control stick forward causing elevator to deflect down. This in turn causes the airflow to lift the tail up and nose down.

Rudder

The rudder turns the aircraft right or left On the vertical tail, the rudder moves from side to side, pushing the tail in a left or right direction. To turn right , the pilot steps on the right rudder pedals. This causes rudder tilt to the right . When rudder tilts to the right , more lift is created on the right, which pushes the vertical stabilizer to the left. This in turn causes the airplane nose turn right

Elevator

Rudder

Ailerons

Flaps

Rudder

Flaps:

Slats:

A movable control surface on the aircraft wing, used to change the amount of lift generated. Flaps deflect downward during take-off & landing to increase lift. Flaps retracted immediately after landing to decrease lift.

A movable control surface on the aircraft wing, also used to change the amount of lift generated. Slats enable the airplane to get off the ground quickly and to land more slowly.

Spoilers: Located on the upper wing which, when opened, decreases lift and increases drag. They reduce lift by disrupting the airflow over the top of the wing. They are used during the descend prior to landing and immediately after landing.
SPOILER