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..

--

2013

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373.167.1:51
22.1721
444
20

..
20 . 3 : / .. . /: , 2013. 202 . . ( ).

ISBN 978-5-222-21132-8

3 , .

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,
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ISBN 978-5-222-21132-8

373.167.1:51
22.1721

.., 2013
, , 2013

- www.phoenixbooks.ru


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3. ,
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,

, .
.
.

(11- )
.
911 . ( ).

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

1.

1.
,
, .
P (x)
Pn(x) > 0 Pn(x) < 0, n
>0
Qm (x)

Pn (x)
< 0, Pn(x) Qm(x) Qm (x)

n m, . . Pn(x) = a0 + a1x + +
+ anxn; Qm(x) = b0 + b1x + + bmxm, ().
: .
- ,
x,
, (
), ,
, .
. f(x) ( ).

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

1.

,
. ,

. ,
.
,
.
, ,
.
,
.
, .

:
1.

4x2 7x 1
1.
2x x2 5

.
1
:
4x2 7x 1
4x2 7x 1 2x + x2 + 5

0,
0.
2x x2 5
2x x2 5
5x2 9x + 4
5x2 9x + 4
0, 2
0.
2
2x x 5
x 2x + 5
, x2 2x + 5 > 0 x R,
D < 0 a = 1 > 0,
5x2 9x + 4 0.

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. 3

,
9 1
D = 81 80 = 1 > 0, x1, 2 =
, x1 = 0,8; x2 = 1.
10
x 0,8; x 1.
+

0,8

+
1

: (; 0,8] [1; +).


2. (x 3)2 (x + 2)4 (x + 4)5 (x 7)

0.
x2 (x 5)3
.
: x1 = 3; x2 = 2; x3 = 4; x4 = 7.
: x5 = 0; x6 = 5.
: x2 = 2 x5 = 0.

+
4

+
3

+
7

, . , 2 0
.
,
[4; 0) (0; 3] (5; 7].
x =
7 .
: x = 7.

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1.

3.

x6 + 4x4 x2 4
0.
x3 27

.
, x6 + 4x4 x2 4 = x4(x2 + 4) (x2 + 4) =
= (x4 1)(x2 + 4) = (x2 1)(x2 + 1)(x2 + 4) =
= (x 1)(x + 1)(x2 + 1)(x2 + 4)
x3 27 = (x 3)(x2 + 3x +
9),
(x 1)(x + 1)(x2 + 1)(x2 + 4)

(1)
0.
(x 3)(x2 + 3x + 9)
x2 + 1 > 0, x2 + 4 > 0 x2 + 3x + 9 > 0
x R, (1)
(x 1)(x + 1)

0.
(2)
x 3
(2) , : x1 = 1; x2 = 1; x3 = 3.

+
1

+
3

: (; 1] [1; 3).
4.
x
x
>
.
x2 + 6x + 8 x2 + 7x + 10
.
x2 + 6x + 8 = (x + 2)(x + 4)
x2 + 7x + 10 = (x + 2)(x + 5),

x
x
>
,
(x + 2)(x + 4) (x + 2)(x + 5)

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. 3

x 1
1

> 0,
x +2 x +4 x +5
x
x
x +5x 4
> 0.

> 0,
(x + 2)(x + 4)(x + 5)
x + 2 (x + 4)(x + 5)
: x1 = 0, x2 = 2, x3 = 4, x4 = 5.
+

: (; 5) (4; 2) (0; +).


5.
1
1
1

.
x2 + 4x + 5 x2 + 4x + 6 3
.
x2 + 4x + 5 = y, x2 + 4x + 6 = y + 1.

3(y + 1) 3y y(y + 1)
1
1
1
0,

,
3y(y + 1)
y y +1 3

3 y2 y
y2 + y 3
0,
0.
3y(y + 1)
y(y + 1)

(1)

, x2 + 4x + 5 > 0 x R,
D < 0 a = 1 > 0, . . y > 0 y + 1 > 0.
(1)
2
y + y 3 0. ,
D = 1 + 12 = 13 > 0, y1, 2 =
y

1 13
,
2

1 + 13
1 13
y
.
2
2

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1.

,
y > 0,
x2 + 4x + 5

1 13
, 2x2 + 8x + 10 1 +
2

13,

2x2 + 8x + 11 13 0;

D
= 16 2 11 13 = 2 13 6 > 0;
4
x1, 2 =

4 2 13 6
,
2

4 + 2 13 6

4 2 13 6

x ;
; + .

2
2

4 2 13 6

: ;

4 + 2 13 6

; + .

6.
(x + 1)(x + 2)(x + 3)(x + 4) < 360.
.

, 4- .

((x + 1)(x + 4))((x + 2)(x + 3)) < 360,

(x2 + 5x + 4)(x2 + 5x + 6) < 360.
(1)
2
x + 5x + 5 = y, (1)

(y 1)(y + 1) < 360, y2 < 361,



(y 19)(y + 19) < 0.
(2)

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10

. 3

, (2)

(x2 + 5x 14)(x2 + 5x + 24) < 0.
(3)
2
x + 5x + 24 > 0 x R, D < 0
a = 1 > 0, x2 + 5x 14 < 0,
(3). ,
(x + 7)(x 2) < 0.
+

x (7; 2).

: (7; 2).
7.
(x + 5)4 13(x + 5)2x2 + 36x4 > 0.
.
,
25(x + 5)2x2.

(x + 5)4 + 12(x + 5)2x2 + 36x4 > 25(x + 5)2x2,
((x + 5)2 + 6x2)2 > 25(x + 5)2x2,
((x + 5)2 + 6x2 5(x + 5)x)((x + 5)2 + 6x2 +
+ 5(x + 5)x) > 0,
(2x2 15x + 25)(12x2 + 35x + 25) > 0.
5

2x2 15x + 25 = 2(x 5) x


2

5
5

12x2 + 35x + 25 = 12 x + x + , 4
3

5
5
5

2(x 5) x 12 x + x + > 0,
2
4
3

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

1.

11

5
5
5

(x 5) x x + x + > 0.
2
4
3

, :
5
5
5
x1 = 5; x2 = ; x3 = ; x4 = .
2
4
3
+

5
3

5
4

5
2

+
5

5 5
: ; ; (5; +).
3

4 2
8.
(1 + 20132)x2 + 2(x 2013)(1 + 2013x) + 1 < 0.
.

x2 + 20132x2 + 1 + 2(x 2013)(1 + 2013x) < 0,
(20132x2 + 22013x + 1) + 2(x 2013)(1 + 2013x) +
+ x2 22013x < 0,
(2013x + 1)2 + 2(x 2013)(1 + 2013x) + x2
22013x < 0,
(2013x + 1)2 + 2(2013x + 1)(x 2013) +
+ (x 2013)2 20132 < 0,
((2013x + 1) + (x 2013))2 20132 < 0,
(2014x 2012)2 20132 < 0.

,
(2014x 4025)(2014x + 1) < 0.
, :

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202

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.......... 146
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84108 1/32. 2.
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