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2013 PSLE English

sgpsleenglish.blogspot.com

Miss Raja

Reading Comprehension
Read through and dissect the passage by answering the questions along the right margin. Once you have fully understood the passage, you may attempt the questions that follow. Much of the information we have today about chimpanzees comes from the groundbreaking, long-term research of the great conservationist, Jane Goodall. 1) In the context of the passage, what does 'groundbreaking' mean? a) noun the act or ceremony of breaking ground for a new construction project. b) adjective of or pertaining to such a ceremony Jane Goodall was born in London, England, on c) adjective originating or pioneering a new April 3, 1934. On her second birthday, her father endeavour, field of enquiry gave her a toy chimpanzee named Jubilee. Jubilee ( ) was named after a baby chimp in the London Zoo, 2) Use your thesaurus to find a synonym for the and seemed to foretell the course Janes life would term 'long-term'. take. To this day, Jubilee sits in a chair in Janes London home. From an early age, Jane was ________________________ fascinated by animals and animal stories. By the age of 10, she was talking about going to Africa to 3)A 'conservationist' is someone who live among the animals there. At the time, in the ________________________ early 1940s, this was a radical idea because women did not go to Africa by themselves. ________________________ As a young woman, Jane finished school in London, attended secretarial school, and then worked for a documentary filmmaker for a while. When a school friend invited her to visit Kenya, she worked as a waitress until she had earned the fare to travel there by boat. She was 23 years old. Once in Kenya, she met Dr. Louis Leakey, a famous paleontologist and anthropologist. He was impressed with her thorough knowledge of Africa and its wildlife, and hired her to assist him and his wife on a fossil-hunting expedition to Olduvai Gorge. Dr. Leakey soon realized that Jane was the perfect person to complete a study he had been planning for some time. She expressed her interest in the idea of studying animals by living in the wild with them, rather than studying dead animals through paleontology. Dr. Leakey and Jane began planning a study of a group of chimpanzees who were living on the 4) Use your thesaurus to find a synonym for the word 'radical'. ________________________ 5) 'A documentary film-maker' is someone who ________________________ ________________________ 6) In the context of the passage, what is the correct meaning for 'fare' ? a) noun - the price of conveyance or passage in a bus, train, airplane, or other vehicle. b) noun - a person or persons who pay to be conveyed in a vehicle; paying passenger. c) noun - a person who hires a public vehicle and its driver. d) noun - food; diet as in hearty fare. e) something offered to the public, for entertainment, enjoyment, consumption, as in literary fare.

2013 PSLE English

sgpsleenglish.blogspot.com

Miss Raja

shores of Lake Tanganyika in Kenya. At first, the British authorities would not approve their plan. At the time, they thought it was too dangerous for a woman to live in the wilds of Africa alone. But Janes mother, Vanne, agreed to join her so that she would not be alone. Finally, the authorities gave Jane the clearance she needed in order to go to Africa and begin her study In July of 1960, Jane and her mother arrived at Gombe National Park in what was then called Tanganyika and is now called Tanzania. Jane faced many challenges as she began her work. The chimpanzees did not accept her right away, and it took months for them to get used to her presence in their territory. But she was very patient and remained focused on her goal. Little by little, she was able to enter their world. At first, she was able to watch the chimpanzees only from a great distance, using binoculars. As time passed, she was able to move her observation point closer to them while still using camouflage. Eventually, she was able to sit among them, touching, patting, and even feeding them. It was an amazing accomplishment for Jane, and a breakthrough in the study of animals in the wild. Jane named all of the chimpanzees that she studied, stating in her journals that she felt they each had a unique personality.

( 7) 'Paleontologists' and 'anthropologists' are examples of ________________________ 8) Use your thesaurus to find a synonym for the word 'thorough'. ________________________ 9) Use your thesaurus to find a synonym for the word 'expedition'. ________________________ 10) Who does ' authorities' refer to? ________________________ 11) In the context of the passage, what is the correct meaning for ' clearance'?

a) the act of removing. b) the distance between two objects; an amount of clear space as in 'The bridge allowed a clearance of 37 feet at mean high water.' c) a formal authorization permitting access to classified information, documents, etc. d) Also called clearance sale. the disposal of merchandise at reduced prices to make room for One of the first significant observations that Jane new goods as in 'He bought the coat for half price made during the study was that chimpanzees make at a clearance.' and use tools, much like humans do, to help them e) a clear space; a clearing as in 'The house stood get food. It was previously thought that humans in a clearance among the trees.' alone used tools. Also thanks to Janes research, we now know that chimps eat meat as well as ( ) plants and fruits. In many ways, she has helped us 12) Use your thesaurus to find a synonym for the to see how chimpanzees and humans are similar. word 'territory'. In doing so, she has made us more sympathetic toward these creatures, while helping us to better ________________________ understand ourselves. 13) Which of the following has the closest The study started by Jane Goodall in 1960 is now meaning to 'little by little'? the longest field study of any animal species in a) Slowly their natural habitat. Research continues to this b) Very small

2013 PSLE English

sgpsleenglish.blogspot.com c) Gradually d) Eventually

Miss Raja

day in Gombe and is conducted by a team of trained Tanzanians. Janes life has included much more than just her study of the chimps in Tanzania. She pursued a graduate degree while still conducting her study, receiving her Ph.D. from Cambridge University in 1965. In 1984, she received the J. Paul Getty Wildlife Conservation Prize for "helping millions of people understand the importance of wildlife conservation to life on this planet." She has been married twice: first to a photographer and then to the director of National Parks. She has one son. Dr. Jane Goodall is now the worlds most renowned authority on chimpanzees, having studied their behavior for nearly 40 years. She has published many scientific articles, has written two books, and has won numerous awards for her groundbreaking work. The Jane Goodall Institute for Wildlife Research, Education, and Conservation was founded in 1977 in California but moved to the Washington, D.C., area in 1998. Its goal is to take the actions necessary to improve the environment for all living things.

14) Use your thesaurus to find a synonym for the word 'breakthough'. ________________________ 15) Use your thesaurus to find a synonym for the word 'unique'. ________________________ 16)Use your thesaurus to find a synonym for the word 'significant'. ________________________ 17) Use your thesaurus to find a synonym for the word 'reknown'. ________________________

18) In the context of the passage, what is the Dr. Goodall now travels extensively, giving correct meaning for 'extensively'? lectures, visiting zoos and chimp sanctuaries, and a) of great degree; wide; broad as in an extensive talking to young people involved in environmental area. education. She is truly a great conservationist and b) covering or extending over a great area: as in an amazing human being. extensive travels. c) far-reaching; comprehensive; thorough as in "Jane Goodall" by Milada Broukal, from What A Life! extensive knowledge. Stories of Amazing People. Copyright 2000 by Addison d) lengthy as in an extensive journey. Wesley Longman, Inc. A Pearson Company. e) great in amount, number, or degree: as in an extensive fortune or extensive influence. ( )

Answer the following questions.