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Classifying Substances

By: RB Flores Teacher: Mrs.Rini Due Date: Monday, January 17, 2011

Question:
Which similarities and differences among substances can be used to organize, or classify, matter into different types?

Answer:
Similarities and differences among substances can be used to classify matter is colour, taste, texture and shape.

Hypothesis:
I predict our observations can help us classify the substances.

Materials:
Substance Samples: chalk, nails, salt, drink mix, water, flour, sand magnifier test tube paper magnet beaker

Procedure:
Step1: Observe the substance on paper with a magnifying glass. Record observations Step2: Check if the substance is magnetic. Record observations Step3: Place a teaspoon of the substance in the test tube. Step4: Add water to fill half of the test tube. Step5: Turn the test tube around a few times. Step6: Observe the substance. Record observations Step7: Repeat steps 1-6 with the remaining substances.

Analysis:

Sample

Observations

Observations mixed with water -looks like milk -some of the flour stayed at the bottom -opaque

Flour

-white -powder -smells sweet -feels soft -not magnetic -not magnetic -granular -white -feels like crystals -rocky -rough -blue -granular -brown, black, gray, orange -feels rough -smells sweet -feels powdery -orange -magnetic -made of metal

Salt

-salt hasnt fully dissolved -can see particles in water -translucent

Chalk

-chalk didnt dissolve -water turned blue - opaque -sand didnt dissolve -opaque -looks like mud -translucent -drink mix was fully dissolved

Sand

Drink Mix

Nails

-nails fell to bottom -water stayed the same

The flowchart was hard to do because we didnt know what properties we would use to sort the substances in.