You are on page 1of 11

Chemistry Project on Determination of Contents of Cold Drinks

http://projects.icbse.com/chemistry-281

Chemistry, C++, Physics, Maths, Biology, Social Science Home Biology C++ Chemistry IP Maths Physics Social Science

Home > Chemistry > Chemistry Project on Determination of Contents of Cold Drinks

Chemistry Project on Determination of Contents of Cold Drinks


Determination of Contents of Cold Drinks
*Chemistry Project* -Determination Of The Contents Of-Cold DrinksProject Prepared by Kanishk Singh XII A Session: 2009 2010 Apeejay School, NOIDA Board Roll No. 5709594 *Certificate* This is hereby to investigate about completed solely, School, NOIDA, COLD DRINKS. certify that the original and genuine investigation work has been carried out to the subject matter and the related data collection and investigation has been sincerely and satisfactorily by KANISHK SINGH of CLASS XII A, Apeejay regarding his project titled DETERMINARION OF THE CONTENTS OF

Teachers Signature

1 of 11

12/01/2013 11:31 AM

Chemistry Project on Determination of Contents of Cold Drinks

http://projects.icbse.com/chemistry-281

*Acknowledgement* It would be my utmost pleasure to express my sincere thanks to my chemistry teacher Dr. S.K. Jain in providing a helping hand in this project. His valuable guidance, support and supervision all through this project are responsible for attaining its present form. I would also like to thank my parents as they encouraged me to put forward my project. *Contents* 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Introduction Theory Aim Apparatus Chemicals Required Detection of pH Test for Carbon Dioxide

VIII. Test for Glucose 1. 2. 3. 4. Test for Phosphate Test for Alcohol Test for Sucrose Result

XIII. Precautions XIV. Conclusion 1. Bibliography *Introduction* The era of cold drinks began in 1952 but the industrialization in India marked its beginning with launching of Limca and Goldspot by parley group of companies. Since, the beginning of cold drinks was highly profitable and luring, many multinational companies launched their brands in India like Pepsi and Coke. Now days, it is observed in general that majority of people viewed Sprite, Fanta and Limca to give feeling of lightness, while Pepsi and Thumps Up to activate pulse and brain. *Theory* Cold drinks of different brands are composed of alcohol, carbohydrates, carbon dioxide, phosphate ions etc. These soft drinks give feeling of warmth, lightness and have a tangy taste which is liked by everyone. Carbon dioxide is responsible for the formation of froth on shaking the bottle.

2 of 11

12/01/2013 11:31 AM

Chemistry Project on Determination of Contents of Cold Drinks

http://projects.icbse.com/chemistry-281

The carbon dioxide gas is dissolved in water to form carbonic acid which is also responsible for the tangy taste. Carbohydrates are the naturally occurring organic compounds and are major source of energy to our body. General formula of carbohydrates is CX (H2O)Y. On the basis of their molecule size carbohydrates are classified as:Monosaccharide, Disaccharides and Polysaccharides. Glucose is a monosaccharide with formula C6H12O6 .It occurs in Free State in the ripen grapes in bones and also in many sweet fruits. It is also present in human blood to the extent of about 0.1%. Sucrose is one of the most useful disaccharides in our daily life. It is widely distributed in nature in juices, seeds and also in flowers of many plants. The main source of sucrose is sugar cane juice which contain 15-20 % sucrose and sugar beet which has about 10-17 % sucrose. The molecular formula of sucrose is C12H22O11. It is produced by a mixture of glucose and fructose. It is non-reducing in nature whereas glucose is reducing. Cold drinks are a bit acidic in nature and their acidity can be measured by finding their pH value. The pH values also depend upon the acidic contents such as citric acid and phosphoric acid. *Aim* Comparitive Study and Qualitative Analysis of different brands of Cold Drinks available in market. *Apparatus* Test Tubes Test Tube Holder Test Tube Stand Stop Watch Beaker Bunsen Burner pH Paper Tripod Stand China Dish Wire Gauge Water Bath *Chemicals Required* Iodine Solution Potassium Iodide Sodium Hydroxide Lime Water Fehlings A & B Solution Concentrated Nitric Acid
3 of 11

12/01/2013 11:31 AM

Chemistry Project on Determination of Contents of Cold Drinks

http://projects.icbse.com/chemistry-281

Benedict Solution Ammonium Molybdate *Detection Of pH* Experiment Small samples of cold drinks of different brands were taken in a test tube and put on the pH paper. The change in colour of pH paper was noticed and was compared with standard pH scale. Observation Sr. No. 1 2 3 5 Inference Soft Drinks are generally acidic because of the presence of citric acid and phosphoric acid. pH values of cold drinks of different brand are different due to the variation in amount of acidic content. *Test For Carbon Dioxide* Experiment As soon as the bottles were opened, one by one the samples were passed through lime water. The lime water turned milky. Observation Sr. No. Name Of The Drink Time Taken (sec) 1 2 3 4 Inference All the soft drinks contain dissolved carbon dioxide in water. The carbon dioxide (CO2) dissolves in water to form carbonic acid, which is responsible for its tangy taste. Chemical Reaction Ca(OH)2 (s) + CO2 (g) CaCO3 (s) + H2O(l) *Test For Glucose* Experiment Glucose is a reducing sugar acid. Its presence is detected by the following test:1.Benedicts Reagent Test Small samples of cold drinks of different brands were taken in a test tube and a few drops of Benedicts Coca Cola Sprite Limca Fanta 28 20 38 36 CO2 IS PRESENT CO2 IS PRESENT CO2 IS PRESENT CO2 IS PRESENT Conclusion Name Of The Drink Colour Change Coca Cola Pinkish Sprite Dark Orange Limca Light Orange Fanta Orange pH Value 23 3 4 34

4 of 11

12/01/2013 11:31 AM

Chemistry Project on Determination of Contents of Cold Drinks

http://projects.icbse.com/chemistry-281

reagent were added. The test tube was heated for few seconds. Formation of reddish color confirmed the presence of glucose in cold drinks. Observation Sr. No. 1 2 3 4 Name Of The Drink Observation Coca Cola Reddish Colour Precipitate Sprite Reddish Colour Precipitate Limca Reddish Colour Precipitate Fanta Reddish Colour Precipitate Conclusion Glucose is Present Glucose is Present Glucose is Present Glucose is Present

Inference All the samples gave positive test for glucose with Benedicts reagent. Hence all the drinks contain glucose. 2. Fehlings Solution Test Small samples of cold drinks of different brands were taken in a test tube and a few drops of Fehlings A solution and Fehlings B solution was added in equal amount. The test tube was heated in water bath for 10 minutes. Appearance of brown precipitate confirmed the presence of glucose in cold drinks. Observation Sr. No. 1 2 3 4 Inference All samples gave positive test for glucose with Fehlings (A & B) solutions. Hence all the cold drinks contain glucose. *Test For Phosphate* Experiment Small samples of each brand of cold drinks were taken in separate test tubes and Ammonium Molybdate followed by concentrated Nitric Acid (HNO3) was added to it. The solution was heated. Appearance of canary-yellow precipitate confirmed the presence of phosphate ions in cold drinks. Observation Sr. No. 1 2 3 4 Inference Name Of The Drink Observation Coca Cola Canary Yellow Precipitate Sprite Canary Yellow Precipitate Limca Canary Yellow Precipitate Fanta Canary Yellow Precipitate Conclusion Phosphate is Present Phosphate is Present Phosphate is Present Phosphate is Present Name Of The Drink Observation Coca Cola Reddish Brown Precipitate Sprite Reddish Brown Precipitate Limca Reddish Brown Precipitate Fanta Reddish Brown Precipitate Conclusion Glucose is Present Glucose is Present Glucose is Present Glucose is Present

5 of 11

12/01/2013 11:31 AM

Chemistry Project on Determination of Contents of Cold Drinks

http://projects.icbse.com/chemistry-281

All the soft drinks samples gave positive test for phosphate ions. Hence all the cold drinks contain phosphate. *Test For Alcohol* Experiment Small samples of each brand of cold drinks were taken in separate test tubes and Iodine followed by Potassium Iodide and Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) solution was added to each test tube. Then the test tubes were heated in hot water bath for 30 minutes. Appearance of yellow coloured precipitate confirmed the presence of alcohol in cold drinks. Observation Sr. No. 1 2 3 4 Inference All the cold drinks samples gave positive test for alcohol. Hence all the cold drinks contain alcohol. Chemical Reaction CH3CH2OH + 4I2 + 6NaOH CHI3 + HCOONa + 5NaI + 5H2O *Test for Sucrose* Experiment 5 ml samples of each brand of cold drinks were taken in separate china dishes and were heated very strongly until changes occur. Black coloured residue left confirmed the presence of sucrose in cold drinks. Observation Sr. No. 1 2 3 4 Inference All the brands of cold drinks contain sucrose. But amount of sucrose varies in each brand of drink. Fanta contains highest amount of sucrose. *Result* After conducting several tests, it was concluded that the different brands of cold drinks namely: 1. Coca Cola 2. Sprite 3. Limca 4. Fanta All contains glucose, alcohol, sucrose, phosphate and carbon dioxide. All cold drinks are acidic in nature. On comparing the pH value of different brands Coca Cola is the most acidic and Limca is least acidic of all the four Name Of The Drink Observation Coca Cola Black Residue Sprite Black Residue Limca Black Residue Fanta Black Residue Conclusion Sucrose is Present Sucrose is Present Sucrose is Present Sucrose is Present Name Of The Drink Observation Coca Cola Yellow Precipitate Sprite Yellow Precipitate Limca Yellow Precipitate Fanta Yellow Precipitate Conclusion Alcohol is Present Alcohol is Present Alcohol is Present Alcohol is Present

6 of 11

12/01/2013 11:31 AM

Chemistry Project on Determination of Contents of Cold Drinks

http://projects.icbse.com/chemistry-281

brands taken. Among the four samples of cold drinks taken, Sprite has the maximum amount of dissolved carbon dioxide and Fanta has the minimum amount of dissolved carbon dioxide. *Precautions* Some of the precautions which need to be taken care of are 1. Concentrated solutions should be handled with immense care. 2. Hands should be washed thoroughly after performing each experiment. 3. If possible, one should wear hand gloves to prevent from any possible damage. 4. If chemicals come into contact with your skin or eyes, flush immediately with copious amounts of water. 5. Never leave burners unattended. Turn them off whenever you leave your workstation. 6. Never point a test tube or any vessel that you are heating at yourself or your neighbour. *Conclusion* DIS-ADVANTAGES OF COLD DRINKS 1. Soft drinks are little more harmful than sugar solution. As they contain sugar in large amount which cause problems in diabetes patients. 2. Soft drinks can cause weight gain as they interfere with the bodys natural ability to suppress hunger feeling. 3. Soft drinks have ability to dissolve the calcium so they are also harmful for our bones. 4. Soft drinks contain phosphoric acid which has a pH of 2.8. So they can dissolve a nail in about 4 days. 5. For transportation of soft drinks syrup the commercial truck must use the hazardous matter place cards reserved for highly consive material. 6. Soft drinks have also ability to remove blood so they are very harmful to our body. USES OF COLD DRINKS 1. Cold drinks can be used as toilet cleaners. 2. They can remove rust spots from chrome car humpers. 3. They clean corrosion from car battery terminals. 4. Soft drinks are used as an excellent detergent to remove

7 of 11

12/01/2013 11:31 AM

Chemistry Project on Determination of Contents of Cold Drinks

http://projects.icbse.com/chemistry-281

grease from clothes. 5. They can loose a rusted bolt. *Bibliography* Following books and websites were a source for my project . Comprehensive Chemistry Lab Manual - Dr. N. K. Verma www. Google.com www.Wikipedia.com www. Icbse.com www. Unoregon.edu
Heavy Metals - Water Test
www.andalyze.com Test for Lead & Other Metals Fast Field testing in under 30 seconds

Related: C++ Project on Library Management

Show your appreciation


Giftcardsindia.in/Amex-Gift-Cards Great performers deserve rewarding experiences with the Gift ofChoice!

I lost 3 kgs in 4 weeks


www.weightloss-kit.com No dieting, No starvation Learn more about my ideal food plan

Jobs in IT
niitpgpit.com PGPIT offers 5.5 Month IT Training with Job Exposure & Paid Internship

//********************************************************** //

PROJECT BOOK LIBRARY //***...

C++ Project on Quiz Contest


Quiz Contest /*===================================================================...

C++ Project on Periodic Table


Periodic Table #include #include #include #include #include #include #inclu...

Chemistry Project on Preparation of Potash Alum


PREPARATION OF POTASH ALUM FROM SCRAP ALUMINUM Chemistry Project Name of Institute: Sindhi Hig...

Comments (2) Trackbacks (0) Leave a comment Trackback 1. LOVELY October 6th, 2010 at 12:28 | #1 Reply | Quote thank u thank uthank u so much for this. it just saved my life. 2. nageshwari October 11th, 2010 at 13:14 | #2 Reply | Quote your project is very good

8 of 11

12/01/2013 11:31 AM

Chemistry Project on Determination of Contents of Cold Drinks

http://projects.icbse.com/chemistry-281

1. No trackbacks yet. Name (required) E-Mail (will not be published) (required) Website

Subscribe to comments feed

Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. Chemistry Project to Measure the Amount of Acetic Acid in Vinegar Chemistry Project on Preparation of Potash Alum

Project Work
Chemistry Project To Study the Setting of Cement C++ Project on Diabetes Detection C++ Project on CD Cafe C++ Project on Shuffle Game Biology Project to Study Bio-Insecticides And Pesticides

Archives
July 2010 March 2010 July 2009 May 2009 April 2009 March 2009

Tags
Banking C++ Project File C++ Project File Structure CBSE Disaster Management Project CBSE Maths Project CBSE Maths Project on Probability CBSE Maths Project Topics CD Cafe Disaster Management

9 of 11

12/01/2013 11:31 AM

Chemistry Project on Determination of Contents of Cold Drinks

http://projects.icbse.com/chemistry-281

Project
CBSE Maths Project Class IX CBSE Science Projects Class IX CBSE Social Science Projects CCE Projects

Top Contributors
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Abhisek De Abhyodaya siddhartha Garima Bhardwaj Saurabh Swathi

10 of 11

12/01/2013 11:31 AM

Chemistry Project on Determination of Contents of Cold Drinks

http://projects.icbse.com/chemistry-281

Top Copyright 2010 School Projects

11 of 11

12/01/2013 11:31 AM