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Corporate Intranet Solutions

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If you have an apple and I have an apple and we exchange these apples then you and I will still each have one apple. But if you have an idea and I have an idea and we exchange th ese ideas, then each of us will have two ideas.

-- George Bernard Shaw

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Corporate Intranet Solutions

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Corporate Intranet Solutions

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Corporate Intranet Solutions

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¢me¡„ ¢X¢øÊ¢hEne

®lXqÉ¡V H¾V¡lfË¡CS L¢ÇfE¢Vw Hl ¢cL T¥L flmJ Hl BNl fËgne¡m H¢Xnel ¢X¢øÊ¢hEne…h¡wm¡cn ®hn Se¢fËu z Bjl¡ HMeJ ¢me¡„ j¡e ®lXqÉ¡VL h¤¢T z ®pC p¤¢hd¡V¥L¥ L¡S m¡¢Nu Bjl¡ ®lXqÉ¡V Hhw Hl ®Xl¡Ci¢Vip "®gc¡l¡ " Le¢gN¡lnel jdÉ p£j¡hÜ b¡Lh¡ z pÔÉ¡LJuÉ¡l ®Oo¡ ¢qph c§eÑ¡j b¡LmJ B¢j hÉ¢J²Nai¡h AeÉl Le¢gN¡lne g¡Cm ®mM¡l pju ®lXqÉ¡VL fË¡d¡eÉ ®cCz C¾V¡leV ®nu¡¢lw Hl SeÉ L¡eÑ¡m 2.0.^ kbø, k¢cJ j¡ØLl¢Xw g£Q¡l L¡eÑ¡m i¡pÑe 1.3^ ®bLC luRz ah ®f¢¾Vu¡j j¡el ¢f¢pl SeÉ ®lXqÉ¡V 5.1 (L¡eÑ¡m i¡pÑe eu) ¢X¢øÊ¢hEneC Bfe¡l ph L¡S Ll ®ch z ah ph¢cL ®bL ¢hhQe¡ Ll B¢j ¢me¡„ L¡eÑ¡m 2.4.^ i¡pÑel Jfl k¡h e¡ z Bl ¢me¡„ L¡eÑ¡m 2.4.^ j¡e qµR ®lXqÉ¡V 7.1 ®bL 9.^ fkÑ¿¹ ¢hØa«a z B¢j ®Qø¡ Llh¡ Bfe¡clL ®lXqÉ¡V 5.^ ®bL 9.^ fkÑ¿¹ fËu¡Se£u ph Le¢gN¡lne g¡Cm ®c¢Mu ¢ca z Bfe¡cl p¤¢hd¡bÑ HC ®mM¡l SeÉ ®lXqÉ¡V 7.2 (¢me¡„ L¡eÑ¡m 2.4.7-10) ®L ®VøhX ¢qph dl ¢eu¢R z

C¾pVmne

B¢j dl ¢e¢µR, Bfe¡l¡ ®lXqÉ¡V ¢me¡„ ¢eu ¢LR¤V¡ e¡s¡Q¡s¡ LlRe z ah Bfe¡l ®NVJu p¡iÑ¡ll Af¢Vj¡CSne Hhw f¡lglj¾p ¢VE¢ew Hl SeÉ ¢LR¤ My¤¢V e¡¢V abÉ a¥m dl¢R z ea¥e hÉq¡lL¡l£cl SeÉ C¾pVmne V¡Cf -p¡iÑ¡l (H„ ECä¡ R¡s¡) ®hR ¢em ®j¡V¡j¤¢V 1.3 ¢NN¡h¡CVl jdÉ qu k¡h zah L¡øj C¾pVmne ea¥e hÉhq¡l£cl L¡R ¢LR¤V¡ pjpÉ¡ LlmJ H¢V ¢eSl ja¡ Ll f¡¢VÑne i¡N Llh e¡z hÉhq¡lL¡l£cl fËQ¥l L¡S Ll¡l p¤k¡N cu HC L¡øj C¾pVmne z ah, p¡hd¡e! AeÉ¡eÉ Af¡l¢Vw ¢pøjl p¡b X¥um h¤V Afne b¡Lm L¡øj C¾pVmne hÉhq¡l Llhe, a¡ e¡ qm AeÉ¡eÉ C¾pVmne V¡Cf…m¡ Bfe¡l q¡XÑ XÊ¡Ci ®L ea¥e Ll gljÉ¡V Ll ®ch z ah HLcj ea¥e hÉhq¡lL¡l£cl SeÉ H„ ECä¡ R¡s¡ h¡L£ ph¢LR¤ C¾pVm Ll ¢em fl£r¡ ¢el£r¡ Ll¡ pqS qu k¡h z c¤ ¢NN¡h¡CVl q¡XÑXÊ¡CiL ¢h¢iæ f¡¢VÑne i¡N Ll¡l HLV¡ N¡CXm¡Ce ¢eQ ®cu¡ ®Nmz

/ = 300 MB /boot = 50 MB

/var = 500 MB /home = 150 MB

/usr =

900 MB

swap = lÉ¡jl pj¡e Abh¡ a¡l ¢à…Z Øfp

Bl ¢me¡„ g¡Cm ¢pøj ¢qph EXT3 j S¡eÑ¡¢mw g¡Cm ¢pøj®L LÊÉ¡nf˦g ¢qph dl¡ qu z L¡le H¢V ¢Xú ®L¡e ¢LR¤ ®mM¡l BN VÊ¡eS¡Lne mN ®~al£ Ll hm g¡Cm ¢pøjl C¾V¢NË¢V b¡LR na i¡N z Bl

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®lXqÉ¡V 7.2®a HC EXT3 qµR ¢XgÒV g¡Cm ¢pøj z Hl p‰ ¢me¡„ ®m¡X¡l ¢qph ¢mm¡l p¡b b¡LR NË¡h z BC¢XC XÊ¡Ci Hm¢hœ ®j¡X L¡S Ll¡l SeÉ ¢mm¡l SeÉ ¢pmƒ Ll¦e ""CES ¢m¢eu¡l ®j¡X'' z

Le¢gN¡lne g¡Cml hÉhq¡l

¢me¡„l phQu hs p¤¢hd¡ qµR Hl ®V„V Le¢gN¡lne g¡Cml fË¡u ph…m¡C /etc X¡Clƒl£a b¡L z p¡¢iÑp…m¡l ¢h¢iæ Le¢gN¡lne g¡Cm Ha¡ ®hn£ Lj¾VX h¡ ¢hnÔoe Ll¡ b¡L k¡ XL¥j¾Vne g¡Cm ¢qph i¡hm r¢a ®eC z Bl Lj¾VX Awn (k¡ ®pC ®Xje¢V f¡pÑ Ll e¡ ) QjvL¡l QjvL¡l ®k ph Ec¡qlZ ®cu¡ b¡L a¡l j¡e…m¡ Bfe¡l p¤¢hd¡e¤k¡u£ f¡ÒV ¢cu Lj¾V ¢Qq²V¡ j¤R ¢cm a¡ ea¥e Le¢gN¡lne ¢eu ®eh z Bfe¡l p¤¢hd¡bÑ B¢j f¤l¡ Le¢gN¡lne g¡Cm (k¡ ¢XgÒV C¾pVmnel p¡b Bp) e¡ R¡¢fu öd¤j¡œ clL¡l£ Awn ¢eu Bm¡Qe¡ Llh¡ z L¡Sl p¤¢hd¡l SeÉ clL¡l£ g¡Cm…L Bjl¡ h¡ô Hhw Bä¡lm¡Ce Ll ¢Øœ²ÃV g¡Cm ®bL Bm¡c¡ Ll ®gmh¡ z Ec¡qlZ ül¦f, ¢f¢f¢f-Ae- X¡u¡m¡l g¡Cm¢VL f¤l¡ f¡b pq HC /etc/ppp/scripts/ppp-on-dialer i¡®h cM¡h¡ z Bl ¢Øœ²ÃVl ¢iall LeV¾VL p¡d¡lZi¡h cM¡e¡ qh z Lep¡m Lj¡äl SeÉ Bjl¡ f¡Eä ¢Qq² hÉhq¡l Llh¡ z Ec¡qle ül¦f, ¢eQl g¡Cm¢VL H¢„¢LEVhm h¡e¡e¡l SeÉ Lem HL¢V Lj¡ä hÉhq¡l Ll¡ quR z

# chmod +x /etc/rc.d/rc.firewall

Bl¢fHj h¡ ®lXqÉ¡V fÉ¡LS jÉ¡eS¡l ¢h¢iæ AÉ¡¢fÔLne C¾pVm¡l ¢qph Ha¡ ®h¢n Se¢fËu ®k AeÉ¡eÉ ¢X¢øÊ¢hEne…m¡J HL p¡f¡VÑ Ll z k¢cJ AeL ®pC AÉ¡¢fÔLnel h¡Ce¡l£ ®~al£ Lla L¾f¡Cm Ll¡l pju HLC ¢pøj hÉ¡hq¡l Lla Q¡Che -ah Bj¡cl HC ®NVJu ®j¢nel SeÉ HC Bl¢fHj kbø z

H¢XVl

®k ®L¡e "®hu¡l ®h¡e " CE¢e„ h¡ ¢me¡„ ¢X¢øÊ¢hEnel p¡b H¢XVl ¢qph Qm Bp " ¢i BC " z ah ea¥e ¢X¢øÊ¢hEnel p¡b "¢iBCHj ", ¢i BC Cjf˦iX Hl Lem AÉ¡l¡ L£ pq Bl¡ AeL f¢lhaÑe e¤ae hÉhq¡lL¡l£cl AeL p¤¢hd¡ ¢cuR z HpLf L£ qµR Hl Lj¡ä ®j¡X z Hl flhaÑ£ Lj¡ä…m¡l SeÉ ¢eQl Q£Vn£V ®cM¤e z

Corporate Intranet Solutions ®lXqÉ¡V 7.2®a HC EXT3 q − µR ¢XgÒV g¡Cm ¢p − øj z

¢iBC Hl ¢hLÒf ¢qph Xpl "He¢p" (elVe Lj¡ä¡l) Hl ¢me¡„ i¡pÑel Hj¢p " ¢jXe¡CV Lj¡ä¡l" Aa¥me£u z ea¥e hÉhq¡lL¡l£cl SeÉ HC "Hj¢p" qµR Bn£Ñh¡c ül©f z

®ej p¡iÑ¡l (¢XHeHp)

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C¾V¡leV/C¾VÊ¡eVl fË¢aV¡ pwNl j¤m j¿» qµR BC¢f z ah HC BC¢f je l¡M¡l T¡jm¡ ®bL ®lq¡C ®cu HC ®ej p¡¢iÑp z HC ®ej p¡iÑ¡l Bfe¡l f¢l¢Qa AÉ¡XÊpL BC¢fa f¢lhaÑe Ll ®cu z Bfe¡l hÉhq¡lL¡l£cl öd¤j¡œ Juh ¢i¢šL p¡¢iÑp ¢cm ®NVJu ®j¢ne ea¥e Ll ®ej p¡iÑ¡l Q¡m¤ Ll¡l clL¡l ®eC z aMe ®NVJu ®j¢nel /etc/resolv.conf g¡Cm BCHp¢fl ¢XHeHp p¡iÑ¡l…m¡l e¡j ¢cu ¢ca qh z

Ec¡qlZ ®cM¤e-

/etc/resolv.conf

domain your.isp.domain.net nameserver 10.25.1.1 nameserver 10.25.1.2

ah Hg¢V¢f, ®VmeV h¡ AeÉ¡eÉ p¡¢iÑpl SeÉ HLV¡ ®ejp¡iÑ¡l b¡Lm j¾c qu e¡ z HM¡e p¡iÑ¡l ¢qph AeÉ ®L¡e ¢f¢p l¡M¢R e¡ hm H j¤ý"g¤m ®hÔ¡e" AblV¢Vi ¢XHeHp Le¢gN¡l Ll¡l clL¡l ®eC z Hl f¢lhaÑ HLV¡ "LÉ¡¢nw Ae¢m" ¢XHeHp p¡iÑ¡l (k¡ fË¢aV¡ ®ej m¤LBf je l¡Mh - gm flhaÑ£ ph ®L¡ul£l SeÉ Bh¡l l¦V p¡iÑ¡l e¡ ®ku ®m¡L¡m LÉ¡n ®bL ¢cu ®ch) Q¡m¡h¡ k¡ X¡u¡m Bf h¡ d£l N¢al ¢mwLl SeÉ ¢hnoi¡h ®~al£ z Hl p¡b BCHp¢fl ¢XHeHp p¡iÑ¡l…L glJu¡XÑ¡l ¢qph hÉhq¡l Llm ®ej m¤LBfl pju k¡h Bl¡ Lj z Bl ®pSeÉC, Bjl¡ BCHp¢fl ¢XHeHp p¡iÑ¡l…m¡l ¢hn¡m LÉ¡nl p¤¢hd¡ ¢ea HC "LÉ¡¢nw Ae¢m" ®ej p¡iÑ¡lL Bl l¦V p¡iÑ¡l m¤LBf Lla ®ch e¡ z

Le¢gN¡lne g¡Cm pj§q

mÉ¡e Hhw BC¢f AÉ¡XÊ¢pw Øœ²£j - ®eVJu¡LÑ Le¢gN¡lne

¡u¡m Bf pwk¡NL mÉ¡e h¡ X¡u¡m Ce p¡¢iÑpl jdÉ ®nu¡l Lla qm HLV¡ mÉ¡e L¡XÑ kbø z ¢lumVLl ¢QfpV pð¢ma ¢pšlLj h¡ BlLV¥ i¡m j¡el j¡Cœ²¡eV mÉ¡e L¡XÑ pØa¡l jdÉ ®hn i¡m L¡S Ll z hËXhÉ¡ä pwNl SeÉ Bjl¡ Bl¡ HL¢V ®eVJu¡LÑ L¡XÑ hÉhq¡l Llh¡ z hËXhÉ¡ä A¢gp ®fÊr¡fV Hc¤V¡ Cb¡leV L¡XÑ k¡ ¢me¡eth0 Hhw eth1 ¢qph f¢l¢Qa qh z ¢me¡„ C¾pVm qu k¡h¡l fl ea¥e Ll HC Cb¡leV L¡XÑ m¡Nm Bfe¡L Bh¡l ea¥e Ll "kudzu " Q¡m¡a qh z ea¥e ®eVJu¡LÑ L¡XÑ…m¡ M¤S ®fm ®eVJu¡LÑ Le¢gN¡l Ll¡l ®V„V ®hpX je¤ "netconfig" Qm Bph z ah flhaÑ£a ®k ®L¡e pj®u HC ®eVJu¡LÑ Le¢gN¡lne ®je¤ ®cMa Q¡Cm " ®eVLe¢gN" Lj¡ä hÉhq¡l Lla qh z Bj¡cl L¡Sl p¤¢hd¡l SeÉ X¡u¡m Bf Hhw hËXhÉ¡ä pwNl pju eth0 ®L A¢gpl mÉ¡el q¡h/p¤CQ pwk¡N ®ch z ®prœ hËXhÉ¡ä pwNl pju eth1 hÉhq¡l Llh¡ z k¡l¡ "®eVLe¢gN" Lj¡ä Q¡¢mu ®eVJu¡LÑ Le¢gN¡l Lla f¡le¢e a¡cl SeÉ ¢eQl g¡Cm…m¡ BfXV Lla qh z X¡u¡NË¡j…m¡ ®cM¤e - AÉ¡ ¢fLQ¡l ®fC¾Vp b¡ESä Ju¡XÑp z

Corporate Intranet Solutions C¾V¡l − eV/C¾VÊ¡ − e − Vl f Ë ¢aV¡ pw − k¡

/etc/hosts (Le¢gN¡lne g¡Cm)

Corporate Intranet Solutions C¾V¡l − eV/C¾VÊ¡ − e − Vl f Ë ¢aV¡ pw − k¡

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127.0.0.1 gateway.testserv.com gateway localhost.localdomain localhost 192.168.0.1 gateway.testserv.com gateway

/etc/sysconfig/network (Le¢gN¡lne g¡Cm)

NETWORKING=yes

FORWARD_IPV4=true

HOSTNAME=gateway.testserv.com

GATEWAY=

GATEWAYDEV=eth1 h¡ X¡u¡m-Bfl SeÉ ppp0 ®cu¡ k¡u z

/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 (A¢gpl mÉ¡e pwk¡NL¡l£ Cb¡leV L¡XÑ)

DEVICE=eth0

ONBOOT=yes BOOTPROTO=static

IPADDR=192.168.0.1

NETMASK=255.255.255.0

NETWORK=192.168.0.0

BROADCAST=192.168.0.255

/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1 (öd¤j¡œ hËXhÉ¡äl ®fËr¡f®V -®Lhm ®j¡Xj )

DEVICE=eth1

BOOTPROTO=dhcp

ONBOOT=yes

/etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth1 (HV¡J hËXhÉ¡ä - ah, H¢XHpHm ®j¡Xjl SeÉ)

DEVICE=eth1

BOOTPROTO=dhcp

ONBOOT=no

¢XHCQ¢p¢f p¡¢iÑp (X¡Ce¡¢jL ®q¡ø Le¢gN¡lne fËV¡Lm)

Hl HL¢V

j¡œ Le¢gN¡lne g¡Cm z Hl Afne X¡Cl¢ƒi…m¡ ®cM¤e z f¡¢el ja pqS, a¡C eu ¢L?

m¡ Ll ®cM¤e, BC¢f ®l”®L c¤ i¡N i¡N Ll¢R z

/etc/dhcpd.conf

default-lease-time 600; max-lease-time 7200; option subnet-mask 255.255.255.0; option broadcast-address 192.168.0.255; option routers 192.168.0.1; option domain-name-servers 192.168.0.1; option domain-name "testserv.com";

subnet 192.168.0.0 netmask 255.255.255.0 { range 192.168.0.10 192.168.0.99; range 192.168.0.104 192.168.0.200;

g¡Cm¢V e¡ b¡Lm ®~a¢l Ll ¢ce z

# touch /var/lib/dhcp/dhcpd.leases

HC g¡CmV¡ HM¡e f¤l¡ e¡ a¥m ¢cu ¢XHCQ¢p¢f ®XjeL ®m¡L¡m ®eVJu¡®LÑ X¡Cl¢ƒi eth0 Y¥¢Lu ¢cu¢Rz H¢V öd¤j¡œ ®m¡L¡m ®eVJu¡LÑl ¢luØV öeh z

L¡S Ll¡l SeÉ ø¡VÑ

/etc/rc.d/init.d/dhcpd

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start() { # Start daemons. echo -n "Starting dhcpd: " daemon /usr/sbin/dhcpd eth0 RETVAL=$? echo [ $RETVAL -eq 0 ] && touch /var/lock/subsys/dhcpd return $RETVAL

X¡u¡m BEV (®V¢mg¡e m¡Ce)

HC Le¢gN¡lne BCHp¢fl p¡b X¡u¡m BEV ¢qph ®V¢mg¡e pwk¡N ®ch¡l pju "X¡¢hÔE¢iX¡u¡m" AeLl fR¾c qmJ Bjl¡ f¤l¡e¡ ¢me¡„ ¢X¢øÊ¢hEneL f¡n L¡V¡h¡ e¡ z Bl ®pSeÉC "QÉ¡V"HMeJ AeLl Se¢fËu z BCHp¢fa X¡u¡m Ll¡l SeÉ Bjl¡ ®pC f¤l¡"¢f¢f¢p-Ae" ¢Øœ²ÃV hÉhq¡l Llh¡ k¡ "¢f¢f¢p-Ae- X¡u¡m¡l" ®L hÉhq¡l Llh z pwk¡N ¢h¢µRæ Ll¡l SeÉ "¢f¢f¢p-Ag" ¢ûÃV hÉhq¡l LlmC Qmh z haÑj¡e BCHp¢fl ph X¡u¡m-Ce AÉ¡„p p¡iÑ¡l…"fÉ¡f" - f¡pJu¡XÑ Abe¢VLne fËV¡Lm hÉhq¡l Ll hm HC ¢Øœ²ÃV…m¡ ®pi¡h ®~al£ Ll¡ z

/etc/ppp/options (Le¢gN¡lne g¡Cm)

H¢XHpHm hÉhq¡lL¡l£cl SeÉ HC g¡CmV¡ f¤l¡f¤¢l M¡¢m b¡Lh z

/etc/ppp/scripts/ppp-on (Le¢gN¡lne g¡Cm)

#!/bin/sh #

TELEPHONE=01019xxx

#

BC Hp ¢f ®V¢mg¡e e¡ð¡l - Ec¡qle ül¦f, cu¡ ®Nm

ACCOUNT=username Abh¡ user@domain.net # BC Hp ¢f AÉ¡L¡E¾V e¡ð¡l

PASSWORD=password

# f¡pJu¡XÑ

LOCAL_IP=0.0.0.0

#

X¡Ce¡¢jL BC¢fl SeÉ HC Le¢gN¡lne

REMOTE_IP=0.0.0.0

NETMASK=255.255.255.0

# ¢f¢f¢f Ae X¡u¡m¡l ¢Çœ²ÃVL HM¡e ®bL Lm Ll¡ qµR z

export TELEPHONE ACCOUNT PASSWORD DIALER_SCRIPT=/etc/ppp/ppp-on-dialer exec /usr/sbin/pppd debug /dev/ttySx 38400 \ $LOCAL_IP:$REMOTE_IP \ connect $DIALER_SCRIPT

/etc/ppp/scripts/ppp-on-dialer ("fÉ¡f" - f¡pJu¡XÑ Abe¢VLne fËV¡Lml SeÉ CONNECT '' hÉhq¡l Ll¡ qµR )

#!/bin/sh exec /usr/sbin/chat -v

\

TIMEOUT

3

\

ABORT

'\nBUSY\r'

\

ABORT

'\nNO ANSWER\r'

\

ABORT

'\nRINGING\r\n\r\nRINGING\r'

\

''

\rAT

\

'OK-+++\c-OK'

ATH0

\

TIMEOUT

30

\

OK

ATDT$TELEPHONE

\

CONNECT

''

\

/etc/ppp/scripts/ppp-off ( ¢f¢f¢f pwk¡N hå Ll¡l SeÉ ¢Çœ²ÃV )

#!/bin/sh if [ "$1" = "" ]; then

Corporate Intranet Solutions

 

DEVICE=ppp0

else

 

DEVICE=$1

fi if [ -r /var/run/$DEVICE.pid ]; then kill -INT `cat /var/run/$DEVICE.pid` if [ ! "$?" = "0" ]; then rm -f /var/run/$DEVICE.pid echo "ERROR: Removed stale pid file" exit 1

fi

echo "PPP link to $DEVICE terminated." exit 0

fi echo "ERROR: PPP link is not active on $DEVICE" exit 1

/etc/ppp/pap-secrets Hhw /etc/ppp/chap-secrets

username * “password” ""

*

*

* # BCHp¢fl CES¡l ®ej Hhw f¡pJu¡XÑ (H¢XHpHm hÉhq¡lL¡l£l SeÉ)

* # X¡u¡m-Ce hÉhq¡lL¡l£cl SeÉ pl¡p¢l f¡pJu¡XÑ g¡Cm hÉhq¡l Ll¡ qh z

X¡u¡m BEV (H¢XHpHm)

H¢XHpHm ®j¡Xj Cb¡leV L¡ll j¡dÉj pwk¡N fËc¡e LlmJ H¢V Bpm HLV¡ ¢f¢f¢f pwk¡N z L Bjl¡ hm¢R ¢f¢f¢f Ji¡l Cb¡leV z ah p¡d¡lZ mÉ¡e Cb¡leVl SeÉ l¡EV¡l Hj¢VCE (jÉ¡¢„j¡j VÊ¡¾pg¡l CE¢eV) 1500 Ll¡ qmJ ¢f¢f¢p Ji¡l Cb¡leV Hl jdÉ 8 h¡CV fËV¡Lm HeLÉ¡fp¤mne Ll¡l SeÉ ¢eu ®eu z gm ¢f¢f¢f C¾V¡lgpl Hj¢VCE Hp c¡s¡u 1492 h¡CV z Bl ®p SeÉ HC C¾V¡lgpL j¡ú¡l¢Xw Llm hÉhq¡lL¡l£l ¢f¢pl HjHpHpL 1452 h¡ Hl ¢eQ e¡j¡a qh z ah, hÉhq¡lL¡l£cl fË¢a¢V ECä¡S ¢f¢pl ®l¢S¢øÊ ®OV Hj¢VCE f¡ÒV¡e¡l ®Qu ®NVJu ®j¢ne ¡Çf HjHpHp Afne hÉhq¡l Ll Hl ®pNj¾V p¡CS ®L ®R¡V Ll ®gmh¡ z

®X¢iX Hg. ØLml ®mM¡ ®l¡¢lw ®f‰¤Ce (rp-pppoe) qµR Bj¡l ®cM¡ phQu ®p¡S¡ (øÉ¡hm ®a¡ hV) ¢me¡„ ¢f¢f¢fJC LÓ¡u¾V z HV¡ L¡e¡Ñm i¡pÑe 2.0 Hhw 2.2 ®a CES¡l ®j¡X LÓ¡u¾V ¢qph hÉhq¡l qmJ 2.8 i¡pÑe ®bL H¢V L¡e¡Ñm ®j¡X Qm z ®lXqÉ¡V ¢X¢øÊ¢hEnel p¡b HC (rp-pppoe) LÓ¡u¾V Qm BpmJ ""Bl¢fHjg¡Cä'' p¡CV ®bL ea¥e i¡pÑel C¾pVm¡lV¡ L¡S Llh Bl¡ i¡m¡z

#rpm -Uvh /home/shantunu/rp-pppoe-3.3.5*.rpm

HC LÓ¡u¾V

AÉ¡¢fÔLne C¾pVm qu ®Nm (adsl-setup) e¡jl HL¢V C¾V¡lAÉ¡L¢Vi ¢úÃV (pppoe.conf)

g¡CmL Bfe¡l ¢eSl ja¡ Ll ¢mM ¢chz ah, ph dlel T¡jm¡ Hs¡e¡l SeÉ Bjl¡ pl¡p¢l

(pppoc.conf) g¡CmL H¢XV Llh¡ z

/ete/ppp/pppoe.conf

# ®kC L¡XÑ¢V H¢XHpHm ®j¡Xjl p¡b m¡N¡e¡ BR z

ETH='eth1'

# H¢XHpHm ¡i¡CX¡l Hl CES¡l ®ej z AeL ¡i¡CX¡ll¡ @ Hl ¢Qq²l fl ®bL jCe ®ej Q¡e USER='user@yourdslprovider.net'

DEMAND=no

#DEMAND=300

DNSTYPE=SPECIFY USEPEERDNS=no # Bfe¡l ¢XHeHp p¡iÑ¡l AÉ¡XÊp

DNS1=200.xxx.xxx.xxx

DNS2=200.xxx.xxx.xxx

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DEFAULTROUTE=yes

CONNECT_TIMEOUT=30

CONNECT_POLL=2

PING="." CF_BASE=`basename $CONFIG` PIDFILE="/var/run/$CF_BASE-adsl.pid" SYNCHRONOUS=no BC ¢f j¡ú¡l¢Xw Hl SeÉ Bjl¡ LÓ¡Çf HjHpHp Afne hÉhq¡l Llh¡ z CLAMPMSS=1452 Abh¡ 1412

#

LCP_INTERVAL=60

LCP_FAILURE=15

PPPOE_TIMEOUT=80

# Bjl¡ Bl.¢p g¡Cm ®bL g¡u¡lJu¡m Q¡m¡h¡-HM¡e eu z FIREWALL=NONE

2.4 L¡eÑ¡m ®bL HC fÔ¡¢Ne¢V hÉhq¡l Ll¡ k¡u # LINUX_PLUGIN=/etc/ppp/plugins/rp-pppoe.so LINUX_PLUGIN= PPPOE_EXTRA="" PPPD_EXTRA=""

#

QÉ¡f pe¡J²LlZ fËV¡Lm hÉhq¡l Ll¡l SeÉ (etc/ppp/pap-secpet) Hhw (etc/ppp/chap-secpet) H CES¡l ®ej Hhw f¡pJu¡ÑX ¢mM ¢ce z s¡u¡m-BEV (®V¢mg¡e) ¢ÖH²ÃVV¡ ®cM§ez Le¢gN¡lne g¡Cm ®~al£ Ll¡ ®no z HMe X¡u¡m Ll¦e (adsl-start ) ¢cu z

# adsl-start

Hl pÇf¢LÑa phdlel ®jpS ®cM¡l SeÉ BlL¢V VÑ¡¢je¡m ECä¡ M¤m¤e z

# tail –f /var/log/messages

g¡u¡lJu¡m/BC¢f j¡ú¡l¢Xw/ C¾V¡leV nu¡¢lw

®lXqÉ¡V 7|^ i¡pÑel SeÉ Bjl¡ BC¢f®Vhmp

¢cu ®R¡VÊ HLV¡ ¢ØH²ÃV mMh¡ HM¡e z ah BNC hm

l¡M¢R-HV¡ HLcj p¡d¡le j¡el g¡u¡lJu¡m z i¢hoÉa Hl SeÉ Bm¡c¡ Lm¡j mM¡l Lb¡ lCmz

/etc/rc.d/rc.firewall (Le¢gN¡lne g¡Cm)

#!/bin/sh

# BNl ph l¦m gÓÉ¡n Ll ¢cu m¤fhÉ¡L AÉ¡p Hhw X¡u¡m-Ce hÉhq¡lL¡l£cl SeÉ l¦m ®pV

iptables -F

iptables -A INPUT

-i lo -j ACCEPT

iptables -A OUTPUT -o lo -j ACCEPT

iptables -A INPUT iptables -A INPUT

-i ppp1 -j ACCEPT -i ppp2 -j ACCEPT

# glJu¡¢XÑw Lla hm¡ q

iptables -A FORWARD -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT

iptables -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -p ICMP

# ph¢LR¤ mN Ll¦e

-j ACCEPT

# iptables -A INPUT

-j LOG --log-prefix "FIREWALL:INPUT "

# iptables -A FORWARD -j LOG --log-prefix "FIREWALL:FORWARD"

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# iptables -A OUTPUT -j LOG --log-prefix "FIREWALL:OUTPUT "

# HC qµR pC jÉ¡¢SL m¡Ce k¡ f¤l¡ ®eVJu¡LÑL j¡ú¡lX Llh

iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 192.168.0.0/24 –o ppp0 -j MASQUERADE

# h¡¢L ph ¢LR¤ ®gm ¢ce

iptables -P INPUT

DROP

iptables -P FORWARD DROP

iptables -P OUTPUT DROP

# X¡Ce¡¢jL BC¢f, ¢V¢p¢f H„¢fÔ¢pV LeSne Hhw l¡EV¡l ®i¢l¢gLnel SeÉ

echo 2 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_dynaddr echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_ecn echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_syncookies

for f in /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/*/rp_filter; do echo 1 > $f done

# BC¢f glJu¡XÑ AÉ¡¢ƒiV Ll ¢ce

echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

g¡CmV¡L H¢„¢LEVhm Ll ®cJu¡l SeÉ Lem HC Lj¡ä¢V ¢ce

# chmod +x /etc/rc.d/rc.firewall

Bl, k¡cl SeÉ ®eVJu¡LÑl ¢el¡fš¡ ¢hhQÉ eu - a¡cl SeÉ HC ¢ae m¡Cel j¡ØL¡l¢Xw ¢Øœ²ÃV z

#!/bin/sh

# HM¡e HLV¥ ¢hnÔoe Ll ®mM¡ quR -

iptables --table nat --append POSTROUTING --out-interface ppp0 -j MASQUERADE iptables --append FORWARD --in-interface eth0 -j ACCEPT echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

H R¡s¡ Bf¢e k¢c BNl L¡eÑ¡m…m¡l SeÉ BC¢fQCepÚ h¡ cl SeÉ ¢eQl ¢Øœ²ÃV z (öd¤j¡œ j¡ú¡l¢Xw Hl SeÉ )

BC¢fHgHX¢hÔEHj hÉhq¡l Lla Q¡e -

/etc/rc.d/rc.firewall (BC¢f®QCep hÉhq¡lL¡l£cl SeÉ)

ipchains -P forward DENY ipchains -A forward -i pppo -s 192.168.0.0/24 -j MASQ echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

/etc/rc.d/rc.firewall (BC¢fHgX¢hÔEH¢XHj hÉhq¡lL¡l£cl SeÉ)

/sbin/ipfwadm -F -p deny /sbin/ipfwadm -F -a m -W pppo -S 192.168.0.0/24 -D 0.0.0.0/0 echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_forward

Bl Bf¢e k¢c fË¢ah¡l ea¥e Ll h¤V Ll¡l pju HC ¢Øœ²ÃVV¡ puw¢H²u i¡h ®m¡X Lla Q¡Cm HL C¢eV ¢Øœ²ÃV ¢qph /etc/rc.d/init.d/ X¡Clƒl£a l¡Ma qh z ah phQu pqS qµR HC g¡Cml e¡j¢V /etc/rc.d/rc.local Hl jdÉ ¢mM ®cJu¡z

/etc/rc.d/rc.local

#!/bin/sh

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# ifconfig eth1 mtu 1500 /etc/rc.d/rc.firewall

X¡u¡m Ce AÉ¡„p (®j¡Xj)

Bfe¡l¡ k¡l¡ Lj-1 ®f¡VÑ ¢cu ®j¡Xj Hl j¡dÉj BCHp¢fa X¡u¡m-BEV mNCe LlRe a¡cl SeÉJ h¡L£ c¤V¡ ®j¡Xj hÉhq¡l®k¡NÉ luR z ah p¡d¡lZ N¡CX m¡Ce ¢qph Bf¢e ¢eQl RLV¡ ®cMa f¡lez ¢me¡„ X¡u¡m-Ce Hl SeÉ hÉhq²a ""HjN¢V'' e¡jl AÉ¡¢fÔLne¢V /etc/inittab g¡Cml j¡d¡j Q¡m¤ Ll¡ k¡u z Bl HC "HjN¢V'' Bfe¡l X¡u¡m Ce AÉ¡pl SeÉ phQu hÉhq²a ®Xje z

/etc/inittab (HC m¡Ce c¤®V¡ ¢mM ¢ce)

S0:2345:respawn:/sbin/mgetty -D ttyS0 S1:2345:respawn:/sbin/mgetty -D ttyS1

¢p¢lu¡m ®f¡VÑ

pgVJu¡l ®f¡VÑ

/etc/inittab g¡Cm ¢h¢iæ ®f¡VÑl hÉhq¡lk¡NÉ Le¢gN¡lne

COM 1

TtyS0

S0:2345:respawn:/sbin/mgetty -D ttyS0

COM 2

TtyS1

S1:2345:respawn:/sbin/mgetty -D ttyS1

COM 3

TtyS2

S2:2345:respawn:/sbin/mgetty -D ttyS2

COM 4

TtyS3

S3:2345:respawn:/sbin/mgetty -D ttyS3

a¡l "D" p¤CQ¢V HjN¢VL n¤d¤j¡œ X¡V¡l SeÉ hÉhq¡l Lla hmh- gÉ¡„l SeÉ eu z HC HjN¢V p¡d¡lea p¡i¡Ñll ¢cLl ¢f¢f¢f ®XjeL puw¢H²u i¡h Q¡m¤ Ll e¡ z Hl SeÉ ¢eQl m¡CeV¥L¥ ¢mM ¢ce z

/etc/mgetty+sendfax/login.config g¡Cm -

/etc/mgetty+sendfax/login.config

/AutoPPP/

-

- /usr/sbin/pppd auth -chap +pap login debug

ea¥e HLV¡ g¡Cm ®~al£ Ll¦e /etc/ppp/options.server j

#touch /etc/ppp/options.server

¢mM ¢ce ¢eQl Afne…m¡ z HM¡e Bfe¡l p¡i¡Ñll AÉ¡pV¡ ¢mM ¢ce HjHp-¢XHeHp Awnx

/etc/ppp/options.server

-detach require-pap refuse-chap asyncmap 0 modem crtscts lock login proxyarp netmask 255.255.255.0 ms-dns 192.168.0.1

Bfe¡cl ¢eÕQuC je BR ®L¡e ®L¡e Lj ®f¡VÑ…m¡ X¡u¡m Ce ¢qph fÔÉ¡e Ll¢Rmez pC ®f¡VÑ…L dl /etc/ppp/options.ttyS1 Hhw /etc/ppp/options.ttyS2 g¡Cml ®ial p¡iÑ¡l BC¢fx LÓ¡u¾V BC¢f ¢qph ¢mM ®gm¤e z k¡l¡ hËXhÉ¡ä hÉhq¡l LlRe a¡cl SeÉ üi¡haC Lj- 1 h¡ etc/ppp/options.ttySO J X¡u¡m Ce ¢qph hÉhq¡l Ll¡ k¡h z

/etc/ppp/options.ttyS1

ms-dns 192.168.0.1

192.168.0.1:192.168.0.100

/etc/ppp/options.ttyS2

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ms-dns 192.168.0.1

192.168.0.1:192.168.0.101

®j¢ne ¢lh¤V e¡ LlC ¢eQl Lj¡ä¢V ¢mM¤e- H„V¡le¡m ®j¡Xj…m¡l "V¡l¢je¡m ®lX£" HmC¢X SÆm EWh z

#/sbin/telinit 9

HMe Bfe¡l ®j¡Xj…m¡ X¡u¡m Ce p¡¢iÑp ®cJu¡l SeÉ ®~al£ z

Juh fË¢„/ú¥CX LÉ¡n ®Xje

®lX qÉ¡Vl ¢àa£u ¢p¢X ®bL ú¥CX (ØVÉ¡hm) Bl¢fHjV¡ C¾pVm Lla qh z BN ®bL C¾pVm Ll¡ b¡Lm HC flha£Ñ c¤V¡ d¡f clL¡l ®eC z

# rpm –q squid # mount /mnt/cdrom # rpm –Uvh /mnt/cdrom/Redhat/RPMS/squid-2.3.STA*.rpm

ú¥CXl HLV¡C Le¢gN¡lne g¡Cm k¡ /etc/squid.conf j f¢l¢Qa z Bj¡cl fË¢„L AeÉ

Cb¡leV L¡XÑl (®kV¡ BCHp¢fl p¡b pwk¤š² b¡Lh) j¡dÉj k¡a hÉhq¡l e¡ Ll¡ k¡u a¡l SeÉ HL

  • 192.168.0.1 BC¢fa h¡Cä Llz Hlp‰ HLV¡ pqS ®f¡VÑ e¡ð¡l ¢mM ¢ce z Hl fl Qm k¡e

HÉ¡„p LVÊ¡m VÉ¡N z “http-access deny

all’’ l¦m pVl BN Y¥¢Lu ¢ce

mÉ¡eAÉ¡„p

jl ea¥e l¦mpV z ®NVJu ®j¢nel ¢LR¤V¡ lÉ¡j Hhw q¡X ÑXÊ¡Cil LÉ¡n X¡Clƒl£l S¡uN¡ ¢LR¤V¡

h¡¢su ¢ce ú¥CX Le¢gN¡lne z

/etc/squid.conf

http_port 192.168.0.1:8000 # . . . http_access allow localhost http_access deny all acl lanaccess src 192.168.0.0/255.255.255.0 http_access allow lanaccess # Bfe¡l BCHp¢fl fË¢„ AÉ¡XÊp ¢mM ¢ce HM¡e

cache_peer proxy.yourisp.net parent 3128 3130 # ¢ce e¡ h¡¢su ¢LR¤ lÉ¡j ú¥CXl SeÉ cache_mem 16 MB # 300 ®jN¡h¡CV ¢cu ¢ce LÉ¡n X¡Clƒ¢ll SeÉ cache_dir ufs /var/spool/squid 300 16 256

Hlfl ú¥CXL a¡l LÉ¡n X¡Clƒl£ C¢e¢nu¡m¡CS Llh¡l SeÉ ¢eQl Lj¡ä¢V ¢ce z Hlfl Q¡m¤ Ll¦e ú¥CX z

# squid –Z # service squid start

Bfe¡l mÉ¡e h¡ X¡u¡m Ce hÉhq¡lL¡l£cl hË¡ES¡l fË¢„l ®q¡øl S¡uN¡u

  • 192.168.0.1 Hhw ®f¡VÑl S¡uN¡u "8000" ¢mM ¢ce z

®NVJu ®j¢nel BC¢f

VÊ¡¾pf¡l¾V fË¢„

hÉhq¡lL¡l£cl ph ¢f¢pa ®ku hÊ¡ES¡l …a fË¢„ ®p¢Vw ®mM¡ ®hn T¡jm¡l L¡S qa f¡l z Bl ®p L¡le Bf¢e ¡¾pf¡l¾V fË¢„ ¢qph ú¥CXl HCQ¢V¢V¢f H„m¡lne ®j¡Xl p¤¢hd¡ ¢ea f¡le z ú¥CXl Le¢gN¡lne g¡Cm M¤m¤e z ¢eQl m¡Ce…m¡l p¡je "#" ¢Qq² j¤R (BeLj¾V) ¢ce z

/etc/squid.conf

httpd_accel_host virtual httpd_accel_port 80 httpd_accel_with_proxy on

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httpd_accel_uses_host_header on

Hh¡l , Bfe¡l mÉ¡el pLm hÊ¡ES¡l kMe Juh AÉ¡pl SeÉ ®f¡VÑ "80" ®a ¢luø f¡W¡h - aMe BC¢fVhmp Hl L¡S qh a¡L fË¢„l ®f¡VÑ AbÑ¡v ®f¡VÑ 8000 H f¡¢Wu ®cu¡ z HC m¡CeV¡ Y¥¢Lu ¢ce /etc/r.cd/rc.firewall g¡Cmz

# iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -i eth0 -p tcp --dport 80 -j REDIRECT --to- port 8000

h¤TaC f¡lRe "etho" qµR Bfe¡l ®NVJu ®j¢nel mÉ¡el p¡b pwk¡NL¡l£ C¾V¡lgpV¡ z

¢XHeHp - ®ej p¡iÑ¡l (h¡Cä -9) h¡CäL BN ®bL C¾pVm Ll¡ e¡ b¡Lm Hl SeÉ c¤V¡ Bl¢fHj (j¤m h¡Cä Hhw LÉ¡¢pw-Ae¢m) C¾pVm Ll ¢eez

# mount /mnt/cdrom # rpm -Uvh /mnt/cdrom/RedHat/RPMS/bind-9*.rpm # rpm -Uvh /mnt/cdrom/RedHat/RPMS/caching-nameserver-*.rpm

h¡Cäl j¤m Le¢gN¡lne g¡Cm "Afne" Awn "glJu¡XÑ¡l" ¢qph A¡fe¡l BCHp¢fl ¢XHeHp p¡iÑ¡l…m¡l e¡j ®mM¤e z HM¡e ®m¡L¡m ®q¡øL m¤LBf Ll¡e¡l SeÉ c¤V¡ ®S¡e g¡Cm ¢mMh¡ z

/etc/named.conf

// $FreeBSD: named-cache.conf,v 2.6 2004/08/12 12:30:23 shantunu Exp $

controls { inet 127.0.0.1 allow { localhost; } keys { rndckey; };

};

include "/etc/rndc.key";

acl clients {

192.168.0.0/24;

};

::1;

options { directory "/var/named/"; forward only;

forwarders { 202.x.x.x; 202.x.x.x; }; //BCHp¢fl ¢XHeHp p¡iÑ¡ll AÉ¡p qh version "never give out your version";

listen-on

{ any; };

allow-recursion { clients; };

};

zone "0.0.127.in-addr.arpa" { type master; file "0.0.127.in-addr.arpa.zone";

};

zone

"localhost" { type master; file "localhost.zone";

};

/var/named/localhost.zone (®m¡L¡m®q¡ø ®S¡e g¡Cm)

; $FreeBSD: localhost.zone,v 2.6 2004/08/12 12:42:53 shantunu Exp $

$TTL 86400

Corporate Intranet Solutions

@

IN

SOA

@

root.localhost (

 

1

; serial

28800

; refresh

 

7200

; retry

 

604800

; expire

86400

; ttl

)

@

IN

NS

localhost.

@

IN

A

127.0.0.1

/var/named/0.0.127.in-addr.arpa.zone (®m¡L¡m®q¡ø ¢li¡pÑ ®S¡e g¡Cm)

; $FreeBSD: 0.0.127.in-addr.arpa.zone,v 2.6 2004/08/12 12:35:43 shantunu Exp $

$TTL 86400

 

@

IN

SOA

localhost.

root.localhost (

 

1

; serial

28800

; refresh

7200

; retry

604800

; expire

86400

; ttk

)

@

IN

NS

localhost.

 

1

IN

PTR

localhost.

/etc/nsswitch.conf (¢XHeHp Hl Awn e¡ qmJ HC g¡Cm¢V M¤m fl£r¡ Ll¦e)

hosts:

files dns

networks: files protocols: files nisplus

p¡¢iÑp puw¢œ²u i¡h Q¡m¤LlZ Hhw ¢Øœ²ÃV X¡Ee®m¡X

üi¡haC Bf¢e Q¡Che ®NVJu ®j¢ne ¢hno ¢hno p¡¢iÑp…m¡ öl¦ ®bL Q¡m¤ Lla z "®eV¢pp¢i" Lj¡ä¢V Q¡m¤ LlmC p¡¢iÑp ø¡VÑ-Bf ®je¤ Qm Bph z # netsysv Bfe¡l fR¾cl p¡¢iÑp…m¡ ®Øfph¡l ¢cu ¢pmƒ Ll ¢ee z p¡d¡leax h¡Cä, jCm, BC¢pVhmp, ú¥CX, Hhw Bl¡ clL¡l£ p¡¢iÑp…m¡ ¢pøj h¤Vl pju Q¡m¤ Lla Q¡Che ph¡C z

k¢cJ HM¡e hÉha ph ¢Øœ²ÃV…m¡ ¢me¡„ XL¥j¾Vne Ec¡qlZ ¢qph BR a®h, k¡l¡ HC g¡Cm…L¢f Ll ®fø Lla Q¡Che - a¡cl SeÉ HC f¤l¡ XL¥j¾VV¡C ®cu¡ luR Juh z AÉ¡œ²¡hÉ¡V ¢lX¡l ®bL ®V„V ¢pmLne V¥mp¢V hÉhq¡l Ll L¢f Lla f¡le HC ¢Øœ²ÃV…m¡ z

www.angelfire.com/mac2/nextstep/upload/netmasq.pdf

a¡lfl | | |

AeL L¡V¡L¥¢V Ll no fkÑ¿¹ "AÉ¡ø¡¢lú" Hl X¡u¡m fÔÉ¡e Hhw l¡E¢Vw LeV„V Bfm¡X Ll ¢cm¡j Ešl¡l LllV ®qXL¡u¡VÑ¡l Hl ¢me¡„ h„ z ¢h¢V¢V¢h ®V¢mg¡e ®eVJu¡LÑl AÉ¡„¢p¢h¢m¢V ®ch¡l SeÉ Q¡lV¡ "C-Ju¡e" C¾V¡lgp m¡N¡e¡ quR ¢X¢Su¡j Ju¡Cô L¡XÑ ¢f¢pBC pÔVz HC HLC L¡SV¡ BN ¢fHp¢VHe Hl ®Lhm fÔÉ¡¾V ®bL ®V¢mg¡e m¡Ce ¢eu QÉ¡em hÉ¡wL m¡¢Nu Ll¡ qa¡ z fËbj fl£r¡j§mL Lm ®VÊp Ll¡l SeÉ ®eVJu¡LÑ fÔ¡NCe Llm¡j ®pÀ¡j BC¢f-g¡eV¡L z Q¡l pwMÉ¡l q©¢cl e¡ð¡l X¡u¡m LlaC ¢aeV¡ ¢lw Hl flC "gm¡-¢j" g£Q¡l Q¡m¤ qu ®Nm z Bj¡l A¢gp ®bL Jl A¢gpl ¢lw…öea fm¡jz Lm ®VÊ¢pw mN ®cMa f¡¢µRm¡j Hl BCHH„ (C¾V¡l AÉ¡ø¡¢lú H„Q”) fËV¡Lm ¢j¢Xu¡ NVJu ¢cu Qm ®Nm Jcl ®h¡ØVel ¢me¡„ h„z LmV¡l øÉ¡V¡p X¡Ci¡VÑX b¡L¡a ¢V-Ju¡e m¡Ce ¢cu hl qu ®Nm ®il¡CSe ®eVJu¡LÑ z LllV f¢m¢p Ae¤k¡u£ HC ®V¡m h¡Cf¡p Hl fup¡V¡ …ea qh

Corporate Intranet Solutions

Bj¡L z ah, LllV ¢i¢fHe Hl Efl Q¡f Lj¡e¡l SeÉ iupf¡mpÚ Hl CEHp-48 ®øVl ®NVJu hÉhq¡ll hÉ¡f¡l fËØa¡h ®cu¡ quR jÉ¡eSj¾VL z

"jÉ¡p f¡CL [jÉ¡p¡Q¥pVÚp V¡eÑ f¡CL]

®bL Bh¡l BC-e¡Ce¢V [C¾V¡l®øV]

dlm¡j HMe" – q©¢c Jl

®pmel qÉ¡äp-¢é

L¡l m¡CV¡l fÔ¡NCe Lla Lla Ešl ¢cm

" d®l¡, Bl Bs¡C O¾V¡ m¡Nh

jÉ¡eqÉ¡V¡e ®f±R¡a z H¢cL HgHj ®øne úÉ¡e LlaC ¢ØfÐw¢gôl HLV¡ ®øne dl¢R z Jje Ce ®QCe N¡e¢V ¢cu¢Rm ¢LR¤rZ BNz f¤le¡ ¢cel Lb¡ je fsR öd¤ z" z Jl Lb¡l j¡T h¡Ns¡ ¢ca je Q¡C¢Rm e¡ Blz eø¡mS¡l Aam q¡¢lu k¡Ju¡ ®bL ¢eSL BVL¡a CµR¡ qm¡ e¡z N¡eV¡ ®L ®NuR- a¡ S¡e¡l CµR¡ qmJ Jl hLhL¡¢e b¡j¡m¡j e¡ Bl z

abÉp¤œ Hhw flhaÑ£ fs¡n¡e¡

www.tldp.org/LDP/solrhe/Securing-Optimizing-Linux-RH-Edition-v1.3/

www-106.ibm.com/developerworks/

www.tldp.org/guides.html

www.redhat.com/docs/manuals/linux/RHL-7.2-Manual/custom-guide/