Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 17

History of sindhi culture

1.Archeological discovries 2.Islam in sindh 3.Aryan influence on sindh culture 4.About sindhi language 5.Sindhi literature history sindhi poetry sindhi music 6.Sindhi sufi music (raag) shah jo raag the tdaditional 30 surs included shah jo risalo common instruments used in sindhi regional music

History of sindhi culture


The roots of Sindhi culture and
civilization go back to the distant past. Archaeological researches during 19th and 20th centuries showed the roots of social life, religion and culture of the people of the Sindh: their agricultural practices, traditional arts and crafts, customs and tradition and other parts of social life, going back to a ripe and mature Indus valley civilization of the third millennium B.C. Recent researches have traced the Indus valley civilization to even earlier ancestry.

Archeological discoveries
1. Archaeological
discoveries sometimes help to unfold the certain latent aspects of a specific culture. The excavations of have

unfolded the city of life civilization of a peoples with values a distinct identity ond culture

Therefore, the first definition of the Sindhi

culture emanates from that over the 7000 year old Indus Valley Civilization. This is the pre-Aryan period, about 3,000 years B.C., when the urban civilization in Sindh was at its peak.

RANIKOT FORT
is also a landmark of the Indus valley civilization. It is the world's largest fort, with walls extending to 20 km. It has been called a "second Wall of China", and it attracts many visitors.

ISLAM IN SINDH
From the beginning of Muslim rule of the Sindh in 713 CE, the
Muslim technocrats, bureaucrats, soldiers, traders, scientists, architects, teachers, theologians and Sufis travelled from the rest of the Muslim world to the Islamic Sultanate in Sindh, and settled there permanently. The majority of Sindhis converted to Islam by the Sufi mystics from Middle East and Central Asia. The Sindh became distinct in its identity and culture, and many contemporary writers in medieval age referred to Sindh and Hind as two different countries. The Sindhi culture flourished with a new stimulus from Islamic sources from Persia and Afghanistan. Many Baloch and Afghan tribes also settled in Sindh, adopting Sindhi culture.

THE ARYAN INFLUENCE ON SINDHI CULTURE


The Aryan impact on Sindhi culture was great
and the subsequent changes imprinted on the psyche of the Sindhi people should be judged in the light of the changes which they had undergone at the hands of the Aryans. The Aryans were nomadic, but, the peace-loving Moenjodaro civilization people had been enjoying for a long time the fruits of settled urban life with municipal community-based living. The Aryans were, thus, overawed. They adopted the Sindhi cultured way of life.

ABOUT SINDHI LANGUAGE


Sindhi language is an ancient language spoken
in Pakistan and many other parts of the world. It is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by approximately 4 Crore people in Pakistan, and 12 million people in India; it is the second most spoken language of Pakistan, mostly spoken in the Sindh province. It is a recognized official language in Pakistan, and also an official language in India. Government of Pakistan issues National Identity Cards to its citizens only in two languages; Sindhi and Urdu.

SINDHI LITERATURE

HISTORY
sindhi language is ancient and rich in to Sindhi literature is contained in the writings of Arab historians. It is established that Sindhi was the first Eastern language into the Quran, when it was translated in the eighth or literature. Its writers have contributed extensively in various forms of literature in both poetry and prose. Sindhi literature is very rich, and is one of the world's oldest literatures. The earliest reference ninth century A.D. There is evidence of Sindhi poets reciting their verses before the Muslim Caliphs in Baghdad. It is also recorded that treatises were written in Sindhi on astronomy, medicine and history during the eighth and ninth centuries.

SINDHI POETRY
Sindhi poetry is also prominent in Sindhi culture.
Poetry of Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai &. Sachal Sarmast is very famous amongst all of Pakistanis. Regional poets are Shaikh Ayaz, Ustaad Bhukhari, Ahmed Khan MAdhoosh, Adal Soomro, Ayaz Gull, Abdul Ghaffar Tabasum, Rukhsana Preet, and Waseem Soomro. Many Sindhi poets are doing their poetry work continuously.

SINDHI MUSIC
Music from Sindh province is
sung in Sindhi, and is generally performed in either the "Baits" or "Waee" styles. The Baits style is vocal music in Sanhoon (low voice) or Graham (high voice). Waee instrumental music is performed in a variety of ways using a string instrument. Waee, also known as Kafi, is found in the surrounding areas of Balochistan, Punjab, and Kutch.

SINDHI SUFI MUSIC


Shah jo raag
The traditional compilations of Shah Jo Risalo by Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai include 30 Surs (chapters) which are sung as raags. The oldest publications of Shah Jo Risalo contained some 36 Surs, but later most of the linguists discarded 6 Surs, as their language and content did not match with the Shah's style. Recently, Dr. Nabi Bakhsh Baloch, the most renowned linguist of Sindhi language has compiled and printed a new edition after 32 years of research in folk culture, language and history of Sindhi language.

THE TRADITIONAL 30 SURS INCLUDED IN SHAH JO RISALO ARE


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 bilawal Kalyaan Yaman Kalyaan Khanbhaat Suri Raag Samundi Sohni Sasui Aburi Maazuri Desi Kohyari Husaini Laila Chanesar Mumal Ranu Marvi Kaamod

CONT
17 18 19 20 Asaa 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Ghatu Sorath Kedaro Sarang Ripp Khahori Barwo Sindhi Ramkali Kapa'iti Purab Karayal Pirbhati Dahar 21

COMMON INSTRUMENTS USED BY IN SINDHI REGIONAL MUSIC


Ektara known as
Yaktaro in Sindhi

Tanpura known as Danburo in Sindhi

CONT..
Naghara

Dhol in duhul sindhi

Narrs Been in Sin

CONT..
Alghoza Flute
Bansuri

Pungi kno Alghoza Flute been in sindhi