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C c [si] .... H h [eit ] .... L l [el] .... Q q [kju:]...
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Me,tree,three,he,people,the
Ship,it,ticket,this,king,shilling
Bed,pen,egg,yes,men,well
Man,that,am,and,Paris,can
Past,dark,arm,are,car,hard
Not,lot,wash,song,from,rock,coffee
All,small,ball,or,forty,morning
Put,full,look,good,foot,book
Who,move,noon,blue,do,too
Up,cup,much,sun,some,but
Thursday,her,burn,third,thirteen,worth,work
A,the,under,father,address,servant,Saturday
Spain,say,baby,train,plate,table,waiter
Poland,no,smoke,those,motor,only,hotel
Five,nine,ice,eye,my,side
How,count,flower,cloud,hour,now
Boy,noise,boil,voice
Dear,clear,beer,really,ear
Where,there,their,chair,hair,care
Four,door,your,more,floor
Sure,poor
Pen,put
Bag,box
Ten,put
Desk,heard
Come,back
Go,bag
Mouth,him
Name,near
English,coming
Look,letter
Face,knife
Five,knives
Three,mouth
These,they
Six,face
Nose,his

S
Z
r
h
C
G
w
J

She,fish
Pleasure,measure
Right,rub
Hat,head
Touch,teacher
J,j,John
Window,what
You,yes

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dark -ness darkness; -n
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1. The Noun
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2. The Adjective
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3. The Numerals
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4. The Pronoun
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- 2
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- this,these
- that,those
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- some,any,no,every
5. The Verb
, , , ,
-




Indefinite, Continuous, Perfect





:
beat, begin, bind, bite, blow, break, bring, build, buy, catch, choose, do, drink, drive,
eat, fall, feel, find, fly, forget, get, give, hear, hide, keep, know, lead, leave, lose,
make, meet, pay, ride, run, say, see, sell, send, sing, sink, sit, speak, spend, stand,
steal, strive, swim, take, teach, tear, tell, think, throw, understand, wear.

tense

present

past

future

number,
person

mood

voice

indicative

singular

plural

imperative


finite forms of the verb

active

subjunctive

passive

aspect

indefinite

(
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continuous

perfect


verbals:
infinitive,
participle,
gerund

Indefinite

Present

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Perfect

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.
11.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland, to be rich
in historic places, to go sightseeing, to be established, to be noted for, to
be famous for..., to be the home town of..., monument, church, tower, to
be built by (in), to be the birthplace of, to be the seat of, to be founded in,
exhibition, the Royal Family, the Beatles, Westminster Abbey, the Tower
of London, the Houses of Parliament, Stratford-on-Avon, Cambridge and
Oxford Universities, the British Museum, Madam Tussaud`s Museum of
wax models;
skyscraper, the White House, the Capitol, the business centre, Wall
Street, Broadway, Fifth Avenue, the Statue of Liberty, Manhattan, UN
building, Hollywood, New York, Chicago, Boston, Los Angeles,
Yellowstone National Park, Mississippi, Great Lakes
12.
to play an important part, to be popular with, football, tennis, racing,
basketball, volleyball, golf, cricket, rugby, badminton, skiing, figure
skating, boxing, wind-surfing, hockey, swimming, to be fond of, fan,
chamionship, to take place, to win (lose) the game, public sports
facilities, to gain international popularity, to participate in, to go in for,
stadium, swimming pool, to win medals, Olimpic games, live
broadcasting of
13.
to be (fall) ill with smth, to get well, to examine, to feel one`s pulse, to
diagnose, to have a headache, to complain of, tablets, drops, mixture, to
feel poorly, a sick-list, the tongue is furred, remedy for, to cure, to lose
weight (appetite), to take one`s temperature, to prescribe medicine, to
have a running nose, to catch cold, the flu, to have a sore throat, quinsy,
measles, scarlet fever, pneumonia, to be running a temperature
9.
education system, free educational facilities, private, state school, to be
responsible for, tuition fee, general education, comprehensive school, to
run parallel to, boarding school, General Certificate of Education, higher
education, professional training, full-time student, part-time student,

Bachelor`s degree in Arts or Science, Master of..., research in, to take


exams, to receive a grant, to be famous for
10.
science, research laboratory, to develop, to design, scientist, exact
sciences, natural sciences, to obtain data, to come to a conclusion,
research institute, to result in, to make scientific career, to make
experiments, to gain experience, to test, research centre, to be known as,
technological developments, nuclear power, space flight, new
opportunities, advanced technologies, to invent, to create the basis for,
scientific activities, discovery, to carry on investigations, to improve
one`s life
11. , ,
mass media, to invite, community, to be widespread, to watch TV,
entertainment, to focus on, daily, event, to contain, detailed news
comment, arts and literary review, professional advertising, brief news
reports, quality and popular papers, to put emphasis on, to reflect smb`s
opinion, evening paper, weeklies, the Times, the Guardian, the
Daily Telegraph, the Financial Times, Sunday paper, editor, to
broadcast programs, movie star, soap opera, cartoon, talk show,
documentary, to interview, wide range of subjects, commercial, to
provide information, newcast, weather forecast, traffic report, stock
market information, desription of sport events
12.
to be famous all over the world, writer, poet, playwrite, to be true to
life, tragedy, comedy, play, poem, to represent, to describe, well-known,
Romantic Era, historical novel, detective story, science-fiction literature,
to publish, pocket book, masterpiece, to be addressed to, to deal with, the
great themes of love, friendship, to be full of harmony, to praise, to win
recognition of, to create a world of, to provide the standards for
13. , , , , ,

to be world-famous, art gallery, painting, modern sculpture, fine and


applied arts, miniature, to be named after, to attract tourists, to be to ones
taste, to enjoy, composer, opera, symphony, concert, performance, to be
popular with the public, to be on, to be a success, to be a failure, to book

seats, to be at ones best, all-star cast, to have a long run, leading role, to
go to the movies, feature film, newsreel, cartoons, documentary film,
screened version, interpretation of the role, to be a great master of
psychological analysis, to be coloured with humour, to penetrate deeply
into the inner world of the character, to touch upon important social
problems, to be a regular theatre-goer, balley dancer

1.
to occupy a territory, to be situated, to be washed by, to stretch from...
to..., island, mountain, plain, Great Lakes, to be connected by, gulf, the
Appolachian Mountains, the Cordilleras, the Rocky Mountains, the
Niagara Falls, the Mississippi, the Missouri, state, the District of
Columbia, to be crowded with, beach, huge areas of, noisy cities, desert,
oil fields, to be rich in, valley, canyan
2.
parliamentary republic, government, legislative, executive, judicial
branch, presidents administration, Supreme Court, political parties (the
Democratic, the Republican), to elect for a 4-year term, the Congress (the
Senate, the House of Representatives), to be composed of... members,
committees of the Congress, the Constitution
3.
heavy snow, highland regions, lowland regions, mountain, the prairie,
valley, lake, waterfall, forest, rich resources, chageable, national park, to
be famous for, vegetables and fruit production, wild nature, canyan, to be
rich in, shower
4.
to be of Anglo-Saxon stock, to be of negro origin, immigrant, to
increase, urban percentage, metropolitan area, migration,to move
from...to..., to concentrate, village, suburb, to be located, job, highly
populated city, the average density of population, per square mile, male,
female, the present-day Americans, to be born, to be assimilated into the
American way of life, minority, majority, the Orientals, the aboriginal
Indians, small Mexican minorities, to predict, the current trend towards,
the birth rate, to be at the age of, forecast, the nonwhites

5.
to discover, to be founded in, to adopt the Constitution, to start a new
life, the Mayflower ship, to set up a colony, the New World, the War of
Independence, to form states, to defeat, to fight for, the Confederate
Army of the South, the Civil War between the North and the South
6. ,
,

the Republican party, the Democratic party, elephant, donkey,
government, to be based on, outsider, to distinguish between, to support
policies, professional politician, to run the election machine, to choose a
president, view, to consist of, the public mood, voter, to serve interests of
the John Birch Society, the extreme right organization, nationwide,
Ku-Klux-Klan, secret society, white sheets and hoods, to terrorize, trade
union, American Federation of Labor, Congress of Industrial
Organizations, the Coalition of Labor Union Women
7. -
coal, oil, iron, copper, gold, uranium, to form basis of modern industry,
rich farmland, corn, wheat, dairy and animal farms, wide open spaces,
huge ranches, cotton, oil field, beach, forest, mountain, vegetables, fruit,
nuts, to be grown, fish, to be rich in, canyan, to be washed by, heavy
machinery and shipbuilding industries, to produce metal goods from cars
and air engines to pins and buttons, electronics
8.
the Armed Forces, to defend, to attack, NATO, to fight against, nuclear
weapons, weapons of mass destruction, guided missiles, intercontinental
missiles, Star Wars, National Ballistic Defense System, Theatre, smart
weapons, advanced developments, the Army, the Air Force, the Navy,
personnel, to be responsible for, according to the military doctrine, the
Secretary of Defense, the commander-in-chief, the National Security
Council, CIA, Joint Chiefs of Staff, Department of Defense
9.
to pay attention to, public school, private school, elementary,
secondary education, subject, to teach, at the age of, to continue

education at, to enter a college, university, to find job, computer skills, to


finish, to graduate from, higher education, business, humanities, social
sciences, natural sciences, to complete a course of study, Bachelor of Arts
or Science degree
10.
science, research laboratory, to develop, to design, scientist, exact
sciences, natural sciences, to obtain data, to come to a conclusion,
research institute, to result in, to make scientific career, to make
experiments, to gain experience, to test, research centre, to be known as,
technological development, nuclear power, space flight, new
opportunities, advanced technologies, to invent, to create the basis for,
scientific activities, discovery, to carry on investigations, to improve
ones life
11. , ,
to publish newspapers and journals, news commentaries, daily, weekly,
page, commercial advertising, to influence, content, reporter, local news,
international events, New York Times, Washington Post, Wall
Street Journal, Inernational Herald Tribune, mass media, to broadcast,
radio network, radio-station, public opinion, to fill up time, soap opera,
TV air time, movies, commercial, entertainment, ABC, CBS, MBS, NBS,
Voice of America, ABS International, Radio Free Europe, Radio Liberty
12.
talented, to be famous all over the world, writer, poet, playwright, to be
true to life, tragedy, comedy, play, to represent, poem, to describe, wellknown, historical novel, detective story, science-fiction literature, to
publish, pocket book, masterpiece, to be addressed to, to deal with, the
great themes of love and friendship, to be full of harmony, to praise, to
win recognition of, to create a world of, to provide the standards for
13. , , , , ,
,
to be world famous, art gallery, painting, modern sculpture, fine and
applied arts, to be named after, to attract tourists, to one`s taste, to enjoy,
composer, opera, symphony, concert, performance, to be popular with the
public, to be a success, to be a failure, to book seats, to be at one`s best,
all-star cast, to have a long run, leading role, to go to the movies, feature

film, newsreel, cartoons, documentary film, screened version of, to win a


prize, interpretation of the role, to be a great master of psychological
analysis, to be coloured with humor, to penetrate deeply into the inner
world of the character, to touch upon important social problems, to be a
regular theatre-goer, ballet dancer, Negro songs, folk music, clip

to occupy, the island of Ireland, to contain, the capital, to be due to,


colonial policy, hard struggle, the Irish people, Dublin, Belfast,
independent, to achieve peace, the Emerald Isle, green, beautiful, the
Shannon, the population, urban areas, to be closely integrated with,
agriculture, textiles, shipbuilding, the Protestants, the Catholics,
discrimination,cultural traditions

to be situated, to be uninhabited, to be thinly populated, severe natural


conditions, to be a federation of... provinces and... territories, to have
strong ties to..., to gain full independence, official languages, to keep the
customs of, ethnic groups, the Indians, Eskimos, Toronto, Monreal,
Ottawa, natural resourses, wheat

continent, to be between, to be situated, federation of states, Canberra,


constitutional monarhy, developed country, modern enterprises,
productive farms and mines, busy cities, the world`s leading producer,
wool, minerals, farm goods, income from, high standard of living

island country, to belong to, to be situated, the North Island, the South
Island, Wellington, Auckland, the official language, native people, Maori,
in addition to, constitutional monarhy, governor general, to be
discovered by Europeans, one of the highest standard of living in the
world, to depend on, agriculture, manufacturing, service industries, trade

meals, to have breakfast (lunch,dinner, supper), 5 o`clock tea, cereal,


bacon and aggs, sausages, cheese, toast, marmalade, juice, instant coffee,
roll, porrige, cornflakes, steak, bread and butter, potatoes, pudding, salad,

soup, to drop in, cafe, Fast Food restaurant, ordinary restaurant, to have a
bite, to be on the menu, to cook, to boil, to fry, to stew, to bake, sweet,
sour, spicy, tender, fresh, tasty, meat, fish, vegetables, fruit, grocery,
spices, dairy, bakery, drinks, side dish, quick meal, sandwich bar, pub,
take-away meals, waiter, regular customer, to be beyong one`s means, to
be short of, favourite, hamburger, McDonald`s
3.
money, pound, shilling, penny, dollar, quarter, dime, nickel, bill, coin,
in circulation, the monetary system, change, to issue, to lend, to borrow,
tip, bank, inter-bank payments, to issue on a jubilee occasion,
numismatist`s collection, to give change for a one pound note
8.
January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September,
October, November, December
9.
telephone, to drop the coin in the slot, to dial, to hold the line, postal
services, post office, to mail a letter, package, stamp, envelope, registered
letter, ordinary letter, to fill in a form, money order, receipt, personal
correspondence, address, date, transportations, highway, freeway, traffic
lights, traffic, speed, taxi, train, bus, car
10.
weather, to change, fine, cold, warm, hot, mild, wind, to blow, it rains,
it snows, thunderstorm, lightning, to be frozen, to melt, air, fresh, fog,
temperature, above (below) zero, nasty, weather forecast for, shower, to
be covered with, grass, leaves, flowers, to be in blossom, to come into
leaf, snowfall, Indian summer, changeable
14.
to finish school, the beginning of independent life, to choose a
profession, to follow smbs advice, to become, favourite subject, to solve
a problem, self-education, responsibility, to succeed in, to develop ones
intellect and skills, to follow smbs footsteps, to work hard at, to earn
ones living, to be engaged in, to run ones own company, to do smth
professionally, according to smbs taste and character, to review a case,

judge, lawyer, solicitor, legal system, to represent a client, to make will,


to specialize in
16.
marriage, to get married, housewife, to look after, to take care of,
career, dual-earning family, rising prices, salary, to survive, single-parent
family, to divorce, teenager, teenaged mother, single, poverty, to head,
reconstituted family, unmarried couple, to live on ones own, to stay in
contact with, to retire, genration, to be in trouble, family photos
-
solicitor, barrister, judge, jury, magistrate, coroner, clerk of the court,
legal system, law, lawyer, to make will, client, to present a case in the
court, to represent a client, to defend, to prosecute, to specialize in, wig
and gown, Queens Counsel, evidence, criminal case, civil case, to be
guilty, to be innocent, capital punishment, violent death, higher (lower)
courts, petty crime, matrimonial matter, to divorce, to recover debts, to
advise on, the Magistrates Court, Inns of Court, trial by jury, the
sentence
-
the court system, state courts, federal courts, to fall under the
jurisdiction of, to resolve a case, to sue, district courts, courts of appeals,
the Supreme Court, to review a case, to decide a case, judge, generalist,
litigation, lower (higher) courts, court of last resort, opinions, to sentence
smb to, capital punishment, civil case, criminal case, fine, to be innocent,
to be guilty

TO BE
PRESENT PAST SIMPLE
I
II
III

..
I am (was)

..
we are (were)
you are (were)

he
she
it

is (was)

:
He is a doctor.
They were students last year.

they are (were)

.

.

.
1. .
She... a teacher.
a) am
b) is
: is
c) are
d) was

2. .
He...at home.
a) was
b) were
: was
c) is
d) are

3. .
We...engineers.
a) am
b) is
: are
c) are
d) were

4. .
You...in the park.
a) am
b) was
: were
c) were
d) is

5. .
I...a lawyer.
a) am
b) is
c) are
d) was

6. .
You... a writer.
a) am
b) is
: are
c) are
d) were

: am

7. .
He...in hospital.
a) am
b) is
: is
c) are
d) were

8. .
We... at sea.
a) was
b) were
: were
c) are
d) am

9. .
She...my friend.
a) am
b) is
: is
c)are
d) was

10. .
You...ill.
a) is
b) are
: were
c) was
d) were


: Simple,
Progressive, Perfect.
(Present), (Past) (Future) .
.
SIMPLE

:
1. ,
.
She gets up at seven oclock.
.
They lived in the country.
.
2. .
He likes apples.
Yesterday I saw you in the park.
.
3. .
London is the capital of Great Britain.
-

-
.

4. - .
He takes his bag, puts on his coat and goes

to work.

,
.

5. ,
.
I leave for London tomorrow.

.
The train starts in five minutes.


.

The Present Simple Tense


1. .

: , (
to ,
,
-s -es ), .
I work

we work

you work
he (she, it) works

they work

I work at this office.


.
She works at this office.
.

2. .
: does (
) do ( ),
,
to.
do I speak English ?
do we speak English ?
do you speak English ?
does he (she) speak English ?
do they speak English ?
Do you like coffee ?
Does she live here ?

?
?

3. .
: , do does (
),
not, to,
.

do not - dont, does not - doesnt
I dont live here

we dont live here


you dont live here
he (she) doesnt live here
they dont live here
I dont work here.
She doesnt speak English.
.

.
1. .
She...sweets.
a) like
: likes
study
b) likes

.
-

2. .
They... at school.
a) study
:
b) studies

3. .
We... football.
a) play
: play
b) plays

4. ?
... they play football?
a) do
: do
b) does

5. ?
... she read a book?
a) do
: does
b) does

6. ?
... you go to the institute?
a) do
: do
b) does

7. ?
.
...you like cheese ?
ground.
a) do
: do
dont
b) does

8.
We...go to the sports
a) dont

b) doesnt

9. .
They... play tennis.
newspapers.
a) dont
: dont
doesnt
b) doesnt

10. .
She ...read
a) dont
b) doesnt

The Past Simple Tense


:
1. .
:
, ,

.
to + . -ed
to work
I worked
you worked
he(she, it) worked

we worked
they worked

to write (wrote, written)


I wrote
we wrote
you wrote

he (she) wrote

they wrote

He played football yesterday.


We wrote a dictation last Monday.
-

.
2. .
: did (
), ,
to
to work
Did I work?
Did we work?
Did you work?
Did he (she) work?
Did they work?
to go (went, gone)
Did I go?
Did you go?
Did he (she) go?
Did he live here last year?
?
Did you go to Moscow last summer?
?

Did we go?
Did they go?

3. .
: , did
, not,
to,
. :
did not - didn`t
I didn`t go

we didn`t go
you didn`t go
he (she) didn`t go
they didn`t go
She didn`t live here last year.
.


Infinitive
to be
to begin
to break
to bring
to build
to buy
to catch

Past Simple
was, were
began
broke
brought
built
bought
caught

Participle I
been
begun
broken
brought
built
bought
caught

,
()

to come
to cut
to do
to drink
to eat
to fall
to feel
to find
to forget
to get
to give
to go
to have
to hear
to keep
to know
to learn
to leave
to let
to lose
to make
to meet
to put
to read
to run
to say
to see
to send
to show
to sit
to sleep
to speak
to stand
to take
to tell

to think
to write

came
ome

cut
cut

did
done

drank
drunk

ate
eaten
,
fell
fallen

felt
felt

found
found

forgot
forgotten

got
got
,
gave
given

went
gone
,
had
had

heard
heard

kept
kept
,
knew
known

learnt, learned
learnt, learned (),
left
left
,
let
let

lost
lost

made
made

met
met

put
put

read
read

ran
run

said
said
,
saw
seen

sent
sent
,
showed
shown

sat
sat

slept
slept

spoke
spoken

stood
stood

took
taken

told
told
,
thought
wrote

thought
written

.
.
1. .
He... this work yesterday.
a) do
b) does
: did
c) did
2. .
We... at this institute.
a) study

b) studied
c) studies

: studied

3. .
She... a letter yesterday.
a) write
b) writes
: wrote
c) wrote
4. ?
... you read this book?
a) did
b) do
: did
c) does
5. ?
... they play football?
a) do
b) did
: did
c) does
6. ?
... he translate this text?
a) did
b) do
: did
c) does
7. .
We... not study at this school.
a) do
b) does
: did
c) did
8. .
They... not read this book.
a) do
b) does
: did
) did
9. .
I... not go to Moscow.
a) do
b) does
: did
) did
10. ?
... you like the film?
a) do
b) does
: did
) did

The Future Simple Tense


:
1. .
: , shall (
) will (
),
to, .
I shall go

we shall go
you will go

he (she) will go

they will go

I shall go to Moscow tomorrow.


They will play football in the evening.
.

2. .
: shall will (
), ,
to,
.
shall I go?

shall we go?
will you go?

will he (she) go?


Shall we read this text?
Will you come here tomorrow?

will they go?


?
?

3. .
: , shall will,
not,
to, .

shall not - shalln`t (shant)
will not - willn`t (won`t)
I shalln`t read

we shalln`t read
you willn`t read

he (she) willn`t read


I shalln`t do this work.
He willn`t go there.

they willn`t read


.
.

.
.
1. .
They... help me.
a) do

b) does
c) shall
d) will

: will

2. .
We ... go there on Monday.
a) do
b) does
c) shall
: shall
d) will
3. .
You... read it later.
a) do
b) does
c) shall
: will
d) will
4. ?
... you come tomorrow?
a) do
b) does
c) shall
: will
d) will
5. ?
... you do this work?
a) do
b) does
c) shall
: will
d) will
6. ?
... he translate the text?
a) do
b) does
c) shall
: will
d) will
7. .
We... not do this.
a) do
b) does
c) shall
: shall
d) will
8. -.
He... not speak English.
a) do
b) does

c) shall
d) will

: will

9. .
They... not go there.
a) do
b) does
c) shall
: will
d) will
10. .
I... not take this book.
a) do
b) does
c) shall
: shall
d) will
PROGRESSIVE

:
1. ,
- .
He was working in the garden for the whole day.

.
2. ,
-
.
Listen! Somebody is singing.
! -
.
Yesterday at 5 o`clock I was reading a book.
5
.
3. ,
.
When he entered the classroom the pupils

, were writing a dictation.
.

:
: to be (
, )
-ing.
:
Present

to be + IV ( + ing)
Past

Future

am

is

are

was

were

shall be

will be

1. .
: , (to be + IV
-ing), .
I am reading a book for an hour already.

.
He was reading newspapers for the whole

.
morning yesterday.
They will be working in the garden for a week.


.
2. .
:

Present

__________________
Progressive: to be - . - . - .
.
IV
Past
am

is

are

was

Is he reading a book now?


?
Were they working in the garden
5
at 5 o`clock yesterday?

were


?

____________________________
shall
Future Prog.:
- be - . - .
.
will
IV

Will you be waiting for me till 8 o`clock?


8 ?
Shall we be writing the dictation till dinner

time?

3. .
,
. not
() .
I am not reading a book now.

.
He was not reading newspapers when I came.

,
.
They willnt be working in the garden for a week.


.

.
1. .
2.
Shewriting a dictation now.
.
a) am
We shall writing a dictation
b) is
: is
at five oclock.
c) are
a) be
d) be
b) am
: be
c) is
d) are
3.
4.
?
?
...they writing a dictation
at 5 oclock?
Will you writing a dictation at
a) be
five oclock tomorrow?
b) was
: were
a) be
c) were
b) am
: be
d) am
c) is
d) are
5. ?
5 .
you writing a dictation now?
at 5 oclock
e) be
f) am
: are
was
g) is
h) are

6.
Iwriting a dictation
yesterday.
a) be
b) was
c) were

d) are
.
1.
i)
j)
k)
l)

5 .
They will be not writing a dictation at 5 oclock tomorrow.
They will not be writing a dictation at 5 oclock tomorrow.
They shall not be writing a dictation at 5 oclock tomorrow.
They are not writing a dictation at 5 oclock tomorrow.
: b)

1.
m)
n)
o)
p)

.
He is not writing a dictation now.
He is writing not a dictation now.
He was not writing a dictation now.
He will not be writing a dictation now.
: a)

1.
q)
r)
s)
t)

5 .
I was writing not a dictation at 5 oclock yesterday.
I was not writing a dictation at 5 oclock yesterday.
I were not writing a dictation at 5 oclock yesterday.
I am not writing a dictation at 5 oclock yesterday.
: b)
PERFECT SIMPLE
:
, ,
. :
1.
I have already read the book, you may ,

take it.
.
2. .
I have never been to Paris.

.

3. , .
Perfect,
Simple (Indefinite).
When the farther came home the children
,

had already done their homework.
.
:
: have (
, ) .
:

have

III

Present

Past

Future

a)
have
has
had
shall have
will have
b)
c) .
: , (have + III
), .
I have already written a dictation.
.
They had written a dictation by 5
5

oclock yesterday.
.
He will have written a dictation by
5

5 oclock tomorrow.
.
2. .
:

Present
________________________
Perfect: to have .
. .
Past
III
have
has

had

Have you already written a dictation?


?
Has he already written a dictation?
Had they written a dictation by 5
5
oclock yesterday?


?

?

____________________________
shall
Future Perfect:
- have .
. .
will
III
Shall we have written a dictation by
5
5 oclock tomorrow?
Will you have written a dictation by
5

5 oclock tomorrow?

3. .
,
. not
() .
I have not written a letter yet.
.
He had not yet written a letter
,
when I came.
You will not have written a letter
5 .
by 5 oclock.

.
a) .

Healready done this work.
a) have

2.
5 .
Theydone this work

by 5 oclock
b) has
c) had
had
d) will have

: has

3.
5 ?
.
work by 5
Wedone this work and now we are
free.
e) have
f) has
: have
will
g) had
h) will have
5. 5 ?
we have done this work by 5 oclock?
i) shall
j) will
: shall
k) do
l) are
.

yesterday.
a) have

b) has
c) had
d) will have
4.
you have done this
oclock?
a) shall
b) will
c) are
d) is

1.
.
m) They did not have done this work by 5 oclock
yesterday.
n) They had not done this work by 5 oclock yesterday.
o) They have not done this work by 5 oclock yesterday.
p) They did have not done this work by 5 oclock
yesterday.
: b)
q) .
1. She has done not this work yet.
2. She has not done this work yet.
3. She had not done this work yet.
4. She not done this work yet.
: b)
r) 5 ?
1. Shall you have done this work by 5
oclock?
2. Will you have done this work by 5
oclock?
3. Will have you done this work by 5
oclock?
4. Shall have you done this work by 5
oclock?
: b)
4. 5 ?
a) Shall he have done this work by 5 oclock?
b) Will he has done this work by 5 oclock?
c) Will has he done this work by 5 oclock?
d) Will he have done this work by 5 oclock?
: d)
5. 5 .
a) I did not have done this work by 5 oclock yesterday.
b) I have not done this work by 5 oclock yesterday.
c) I had not done this work by 5 oclock yesterday.
d) I did not do this work by 5 oclock yesterday.
: c)

( )
.
yesterday.

My sister was in the cinema


(Past Simple)

?
are swimming
.
Present
.
the house.
.
office. (Present
.
(Present Simple)
?
tomorrow? (Future
? play? Usually
, now they are
.
ground. (Present

Where are the boys? They


in the river. (Presen Simple,
Progressive)
I always help mother about
(Present Simple)
My sister works at this
Simple)
Nick doesnt like apples.
Will you go to work
Simple)
Where do the children
they play in the yard but
playing on the sports
Simple, Present Simple,

Present Prog! - .
singing. (Present
?
Progressive)
.
to read news the translation
.
Monday. (Future
8
breakfast at 8 oclock
.
Simple)
.
lately. (Present Perfect
?
evenings? (Present
?
the morning? (Pre-

Ressive)
Listen! Somebody is
Progressive)
Is it raining? (Present
My brother doesnt like
papers. (Present Simple)
He will have finished
of the article by
Perfect Simple)
Peter usually has
in the morning. (Present
I havent seen them
Simple)
What do you do in the
Simple)
Do you have coffee in

.
He always
.
(Present Progressive,
theatre for
.
(Present Perfect
.
country in winter.
- ,
something but
.
anything. (Past Progressive,
-.
French. (Present
!
ages! (Present
? .
going? I am hurrying

sent Simple)
The baby is sleeping.
sleeps at this time.
Present Simple)
We havent been at the
some months already.
Simple)
We shallnt go to the
(Future Simple)
He was speaking to us
we didnt hear
Past Simple)
Kate doesnt speak
Simple)
I havent seen you for
Perfect Simple)
Where are you
to work. (Present

Progressive, Present
,
him up but he is
.
Perfect Simple, Present
? .
looking for him.

Progressive)
I have already rung
not in. (Present
Simple)
Where is Boris? I am
(Present Simple,

Present Progressive)
such an interesting
.
(Present Perfect Simple)

time we were taking
.
(Past Progressive)
6
doing at 6 oclock

I have never read


novel before.
Yesterday at this
our English exam.
What will you be

?
Progressive)
? ,
finished your work?
.
it now. (Present

tomorrow? (Future
Have you already
Not yet. I am doing
Perfect Simple,

Present Progressive)
, TV when you rang
.
Progressive, Past Simple)
.
playing with a ball.

I was watching
me up. (Past
The kitten is
(Present

Progressive)
.
raining and the sun is

It has stopped
shining brightly.

(Present Perfect
Simple, Present
Progressive)
, , old teacher before
.
Germany. (Past Perfect

He had visited his


he left for
Simple, Past

Simple)
, .
they had already had

When I came
supper. (Past

Simple, Past Perfect


, home all the family
.
supper. (Past Simple,

Simple )
When Tom came
was having
Past

Progressive)
.
cooked the dinner by

I shall have
that time.

( Future Perfect Simple)


.
home. (Present
.
dinner yet. ( Present

He has just gone


Perfect Simple)
We havent had
Perfect Simple)

.
preparing for her exam

She will be
all day long.

( Future Progressive)
,
out it had stopped
.
Simple, Past Perfect
- .
on the sofa speaking

When she went


raining. (Past
Simple)
She was sitting
something.

(Past Progressive)
?
shown your new picture to

Have you
your friends?

(Present Perfect

moved to a new flat and
.
her place. (Present

Simple)
My aunt has
she invites us to
Perfect Simple,

Present Simple)
, .
the cinema when it

He was going to
began raining.

( Past Progressive,
, .
back before it grew dark.

Past Simple)
They had come
(Past Perfect

Simple, Past Simple)


?
film? (Present Perfect
,
after we had got to the
.
Simple, Past Perfect

Have you seen this


Simple)
It began snowing
station. (Past
Simple)



. .
-
- .

-
, -
, .
_____________________________________________________________________
_______________
he draws well ( )
he is drawing in the next room ( )
he has already drawn the picture ( )
I (ll) know
-------------------------------------------that
he drew well in his childhood ( )

he was drawing all day long ( )
( ), he had drawn the picture by Monday (
)

------------------------------------------------------he will draw a new picture ( )


he will draw all day long ( )
he will have drawn the picture by Monday (
)
__________________________________________________________________
________________
-
( Past Simple),
-
.
1.
,
Past Simple Past Progressive.
2.
, Past Perfect
Simple.
3.
, ..
,
Future-in the-Past ( ).
should (
) would
( ).
to.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------he drew well ( )
he was drawing in the next room (
)
- I knew
----------------------------------------------------

that
he had drawn the picture by Monday (
)
,
-----------------------------------------------------
he would draw a new picture (
)
he would be drawing all day long (
)
he would have drawn the picture by Monday (

)

, .
I did not remember what they had
told me.
, .
He said he had done everything.
, I hoped you would never
go there.
.
, .
He decided we would be afraid
of him.
,
She hoped the work would not
be too
.
hard.
, .
He said he did not know you.
,
Tom said he had never
seen you before.
.
, .
I did not know they had
already done
everything.
, .
The boy said he did not have
money.
,
The mother said the
children had already
.
come from school and were
playing in the
yard.
, .
He did not know that
everybody was
waiting for him.
, . We were sure everything
would be OK.
, , - He said he would write home
after he had
.
found some job.
, , He knew they would
not be at home when
.
we came.
, .
She says she will come
home late.
, .
Tom knew he would miss
the train.
, - They were sure they
would come back
.
by Monday.
,
He decided he would
never do such things.
.

,
He said he would be
working in the garden
.
all day long.
, ,
I knew he would
come if he had time.
.
, ,
We knew he would
come after he had
.
finished his work.
,
She said it was the best film
she had ever
, - .
seen.


-
.
, , .
, ,
, .
I write a letter.

( )
A letter is written by me.

( )
:
to be III

Simple
Present A letter is written
Past
A letter was written
oclock yestrday
Future
A letter will be written
Present
Past
Future

Present
Past
Future

Progressive
A letter is being written now
A letter was being written at 5

Perfect Simple
A letter has already been written
A letter had been written by 5 oclock yesterday
A letter will have been written by 5 oclock tomorrow


Present

Simple
Is a letter written?

Progressive
Present Is a letter being written now?

Past
Was a letter written?
oclock yesterday?
Future
Will a letter be written?
Present
Past
Future

Past

Was a letter being written at 5

Future

Perfect Simple
Has a letter been already written ?
Had a letter been written by 5 oclock yesterday?
Will a letter have been written by 5 oclock

tomorrow?

.
1. .
.
a) The question is discussed now.
tomorrow.
b) The question is being discussed now.
tomorrow.
c) The question has been discussed now.
tomorrow.
d) The question discusses now.
tomorrow.
: b)

2.
a) The question will be discussed
b) The question shall be discussed
c) The question will being discussed
d) The question will discussed
: a)

3. .
4.
.
a) The question is already discussed.
a) The question was being discussed
for a long time.
b) The question was already discussed.
b) The question was discussed for a long
time.
c) The question has already been discussed. c) The question is being discussed for a
long time.
d) The question will be discussed.
d) The question is discussed for a long
time.
: c)
: a)

.
The book is written by my friend.

We are told something interesting
every day.
- .
.
The baby is given juice every
morning.
.
His drawings were shown to
everybody.
.
Workers are wanted at this
plant.
.
This rule is always forgotten.

.
This bread is bought in our
shop.
?
When is dinner had in your
family?

This question is always asked
in such cases.
.
Have our test papers been
already checked up?
?
.
This book has been read
with interest.
.
Your luggage will be
brought into your room.
.
You will be met at the
station.
.
The doctor has been
already sent for.
.
He will be operated on in a
week.
.
This film is much spoken
about.
.
The telegram has just been
received.
.
He was being listened to
with great attention.
.
The TV set is being
repaired now.
.
The article had been
translated by Monday.
?
Have all the sweets been
eaten already?
.
He was asked to fetch the
text-book.
.
This film will be soon
shown on TV.
.
A new school is being
built in our street.
.
Everything has been told
to her.

He is always invited to
my sisters birthday
.
party.
?
Will the work have been
finished by the evening?
.
The rule is followed by
a number of examples.
.
The kitten was found
under the bed.

?
Have you already been
invited to the party?
, -
When the letter was being
read somebody
.
knocked at the door.
.
You are being waited for.
, . When he came home
the dinner was still
being cooked.

CAN, MAY, MUST
, ,
- .
.
-s

:
to like
He likes to speak English.
.
can
He can_ speak English well.

-.

. ,
, ,
to .
:
to like
He likes to play tennis.
.
can
He can _ play tennis.
.

.
:
to like
Do you like to swim?
?
can
Can you swim?
?
not
.
:

to like
I do not like to swim.
can
I cannot (cant) swim.

.
.

CAN -
-
.
Tom can do this work well.

.
Past Simple Tense can could.
Tom couldnt read last year.

.
Future Simple Tense can .
can Future Simple to be
able to.
TO BE ABLE TO - -
. can to be able to
, - ,

.
Simple. Future Simple can to be able to ,
can .
I can do this work but now I am not able

,
to do it because I have no time.

,

.
Tomorrow I will be able to help you.

.
MAY
-
.
May I smoke here?

?
You may take my book.

.
Past Simple may might. may (might)
.
She may (might) come here soon.
, ,
.
may Future Simple.

to allow (, ) to
be allowed ( )

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
, ,

6.
7. ,
8. 4
9. , Present
Simple (Indefinite)
10. , - Past
Simple (Indefinite)
11. , Future
Simple (Indefinite)
12. , - Present
Continuous
13. , Past
Continuous
14. , - Future Continuous
15. , - Present
Perfect
16. , - Past
Perfect
17. , Future
Perfect
18. , - Present Perfect Continuous
19. , - Past Perfect Continuous
20. , - Future Perfect Continuous
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28. -
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.

38.
39.
40.
41.

.
( 3- ,
)

1.

. Windows :
Personal

HELEN

NAME ADDRESS PHONE


:
:

: MARITAL STATUS
:
:

EDUCATION
19xx - 19xx [ / ]
[ / ]
[ / ]
[ ,
]

EXPERIENCE COMPANY

20xx - 20xx [ / ]
[ / ]
[ ]

DESCRIBE YOUR DUTIES

[ ,
]

LANGUAGES
[ ]

AIM

[ ]

2.
.
- Curriculum vita - CV .
( 6-8
)
.
.
,
, .
CV ,
.
Objective: Senior position in engineering management
HIGHLIGHTS OF QUALIFICATIONS
- Business oriented; able to understand and execute broad
corporate policy.
- Strength in analyzing and improving engineering and
administrative methods.
- Effective in facilitating communication between management and
project team.
- Proven ability to manage both large and small groups and
maintain productivity.
- Successful in negotiating favorable design and construction
contracts.


.
:
MS. Lori Rots Vice-president of Johnston Corporation
Austin, Texas
555655
Dear MS Roots:
Thank you for your time and attention during my interview
-
,
555655
- !
,
.

3.
1.
- The lesson begins at 8. - She gave the child a cake.
- My son is a doctor.

- The Minsk Underground is new.


2.
- The lesson begins at 8.
- She gave the child a cake. - My son is a doctor.
- The Minsk Underground is new.
3.
- The lesson begins at 8.
- She gave the child a cake.
- My son is a doctor.- The Minsk Underground is new.
4.
- The lesson begins at 8.
- She gave the child a cake.
- My son is a doctor.
- The Minsk Underground is new. 5. , , .
- The lesson begins at 8.
- She gave the child a cake.
- My son is a doctor.
- The student made some mistakes in the test. 6.
-
-
-
- 7.
-
-
-
- 8. -
- good - better
- the best
-
9. -
- good

- better - the best


-
10. -
- good
- better
- the best -
11.
-
-
- -
12. -
- three - the second
-
-
13. -
- three
- the second -
-
14. - ,
,
- , , ,
- , ,
- 15. -
-I
- me - my
- mine
16.
- 1
-I
- me
- my - mine
17.

- myself - one another


- this
- who
18.
- myself - one another
- this
- who
19. -
- myself
- one another - this
- who
20.
- myself
- one another
- this - who
21.
- myself
- one another
- this
- who 22.

- some
- what - one another
- this

23.
- some
- what - one another
- this
24.
- some -

- what
- one another
- this
25. -
-I- me
- my
- mine
26.
- 2
-I
- me
- my
- mine 27.
-
-
- -,
- 28.
-
-
- -
29. Present Simple ,
- I do. - I am going.
- We did.
- She will do.
30. Past Simple,
- I do.
- I am going.
- We did. - She will do.
31. Future Simple,
- I do.
- I am going.
- We did.
- She will do. 32. Present Continuous,
- I do.

- I am going. - We did.
- She will do.
33. Past Continuous,
- I do.
- I was going. - We did.
- She will do.
34. Future Continuous,
- I do.
- I will be going. - We did.
- She will do.
35. Present Perfect,
- I have made. - I am going.
- We did.
- She will do.
36. Past Perfect,
- I had made. - I am going.
- We did.
- She will do.
37. Future Perfect,
- I will have made. - I am going.
- We did.
- She will do.
38. Present Continuous,
- I have made.
- I am going. - We did.
- She will do.
39. Past Continuous,
- I have made.
- I was going. - We did.
- She will do.
40. Future Continuous,
- I have made.
- I will be going.- We did.

- She will do.


41. Present Simple,
- I have made.
- I have been going.
- They are written. - She will do.
42.

- I have made.
- I have been going.
- They were written.
- -

Past

Continuous,

43.

- I have made.
- I have been going.
- They were written.
- -

Future

Continuous,

44.

- I have made.
- I have been written. - They were written.
-

Present

Perfect,

45. Future Perfect Continuous,


- I have made.
- I have been going.
- They were written.
- 46. Present Perfect Continuous,
- I have made.
- I have been going. - We did.
- She will do.
47. Past Perfect Continuous,
- I have made.
- I had been going. - We did.
- She will do.
48. Future Perfect Continuous,
- I have made.
- I will have been going. - We did.
- She will do.

49.
- ""

(-),
-

- , by
- 50.
- can
- may
- must
- 51. -


- - Past Simple, Past Continuous
- Past Perfect, Past Perfect Continuous
- Future-in-the-Past
52. -

,
-
- Past Simple, Past Continuous - Past Perfect, Past Perfect Continuous
- Future-in-the-Past
53. -

,
-
- Past Simple, Past Continuous
- Past Perfect, Past Perfect Continuous - Future-in-the-Past
54. -
,
,
-
- Past Simple, Past Continuous
- Past Perfect, Past Perfect Continuous
- Future-in-the-Past 55.
-
- I, II
-
- -

56. -
- to being written
- to have written
- to have been writing - swimming
57. - I
- to being written
- to have written
- to have been written
- swimming 58. - II
- to being written
- to have written
- to have been written
- 59. -
- to being written
- to have written
- to have been written
- swimming is my sport 60. -
- asked
- to being written
- to have written
- to have been written 61. - I
- being asked -
- to have written
- to have been writing
62. - II
- asked - to be writing
- to have written
- to have been writing
63. -
- to write
- writing - to have written
- to have been writing
64. - Simple

- to write - to be writing
- to have written
- to have been writing
65. - Continuous
- to write
- to be writing - to have written
- to have been writing
66. - Perfect
- to write
- to be writing
- to have written - to have been writing
67. - Perfect Continuous
- to write
- to be writing
- to have written
- to have been writing 68. - Simple
- to write
- to be writing
- to be written - to have been writing
69. - Continuous
- to write
- to be writing
- to have written
- 70. - Perfect Continuous
- to write
- to be written
- to have written
- 71. - Perfect
- to write
- to be written
- to have been written -

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