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Use of English: key word transformations

Exercise + key

For questions 1-50, complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given. Use between two and five words, including the word given. 1. The only person who didnt dance was Mary.

except Everyone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mary. 2. People think he escaped in a helicopter.

thought . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . he escaped in a helicopter. 3. put 4. He extinguished the fire with a blanket. He . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . with a blanket. Some people have said that judges are not strict enough.

been . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . that judges are not strict enough. 5. that 6. Ill lend you some money as long as you pay me back tomorrow. Ill lend you some money . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . you pay me back tomorrow. You mustnt take photos in the museum.

allowed You . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . photos in the museum. 7. Their boat sank but they were able to swim to the shore.

managed Their boat sank but they . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . to the shore. 8. I cant sleep with the lights on.

unless I cant sleep . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . off. 9. of 10. Owing to Ruths illness, the trip was put off. The trip was put off . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Ruths illness. People believed that he was married to Ann Chester.

believed He . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . married to Ann Chester. 11. ago 12. When was the last time you had a dental check? How long . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a dental check? Can you take care of the children while Im out?

after Can . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . the children while Im out?

13. was 14. if

The teacher chose the topic for the debate. The topic for the debate . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . the teacher. A business that exists online today cannot survive unless it accepts credit cards. A business that exists online today cannot survive . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . credit cards.

15. run 16. too 17. able 18. was 19. said 20.

Theres no shampoo left. We . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . shampoo. He was so tired that he couldnt drive any longer. He was . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . any longer. She learned to speak French when she was ten. She . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . speak French since she was ten. Some people felt that the punishment was too strict. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . that the punishment was too strict. People say this judge is very strict! This judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . very strict! I get to work in only twenty minutes.

takes It . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . to get to work. 21. be 22. of 23. to 24. that 25. be People felt the punishment was appropriate. The punishment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . appropriate. He is against the use of animals in experiments. He . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . on animals. The police think the burglar escaped on a motorbike. The burglar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . on a motorbike. He was very happy; he couldnt stop smiling. He was . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . not stop smiling. Many people suppose him to be an expert. He . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . an expert.

26.

I suggest ordering a pizza.

order Lets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . we? 27. to 28. had 29. only 30. is 31. such 32. as 33. Some sources claim that the terrorist is living abroad. The terrorist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . abroad. I think you should walk the dog. You . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . the dog. There wasnt much money left in my bank account. There . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . money left in my bank account. It is expected that the strike will begin tomorrow. The strike . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . tomorrow. The concert was more successful than I had expected. I hadnt expected . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a success. Ill tell you my secret, but only if you dont tell anyone else. Ill tell you my secret . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . dont tell anyone else. I cant decide what to cook for dinner.

mind I cant . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . about what to cook for dinner. 34. such 35. The meal was so delicious! It . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . meal! It is thought that he stole over a million pounds.

stolen He . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . over a million pounds. 36. be Residents are going to organize a campaign to reduce street noise. A campaign to reduce street noise . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . by residents. 37. It 38. if People have said money is the root of all evil. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . money is the root of all evil. Paul did not visit the Smiths because he didnt know where they lived. Paul would have visited the Smiths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . where they lived.

39. too 40.

I am not strong enough to climb that steep path without a walking stick. That path is . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . to climb without a climbing stick. It's really important that you pay the bill today.

remember You must . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . the bill today. 41. You can't bring food into this room.

supposed You . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . food into this room. 42. is 43. It is expected that the strike will begin tomorrow. The strike . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . tomorrow. Aaron has changed his mind about buying a new bike because he doesnt have enough money.

cant Aaron . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . buy a new bike so hes changed his mind. 44. Excuse me, sir, could you take a photo of us?

mind Excuse me, sir, would you . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . a photo of us? 45. case 46. I might not be in later, so take your keys with you. Take your keys with you . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . in later. The motor will only start if you press this button.

unless The motor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . you press this button. 47. only 48. Can you get some more coffee because there isnt much left? Can you get some more coffee because there . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . left? How much did you lend Rachel yesterday?

from How much did Rachel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . yesterday? 49. The government has produced some surprising figures on crime.

come The government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . some surprising figures on crime. 50. if Today many businesses find it next to impossible to make a sale unless they accept credit cards. Today many businesses find it next to impossible to make a sale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . accept credit cards.

KEY: 1. danced except 2. It is thought (that) 3. put the fire out / put out the fire 4. It has been said 5. provided that 6. are not allowed to take 7. managed to swim 8. unless the lights are 9. because of 10. was believed to be 11. ago did you have 12. you look after 13. was chosen by 14. if it does not accept 15. have run out of 16. too tired to drive 17. has been able to 18. It was felt 19. is said to be 20. takes me only twenty minutes 21. was felt to be 22. disapproves of experiments / does not approve of experiments 23. is thought to have escaped 24. so happy that he could 25. is supposed to be 26. order a pizza, shall 27. is claimed to be living 28. had better walk 29. was only little / was only a little / was only a bit of / was only a small amount of 30. is expected to begin 31. the concert to be such 32. as long as you 33. make up my mind 34. was such a delicious 35. is thought to have stolen 36. is going to be organized 37. It has been said that 38. if he had known 39. too steep for me 40. remember to pay 41. are not supposed to bring 42. is expected to begin 43. cant afford to 44. mind taking 45. in case I am not 46. will not start unless 47. is only little / is only a little 48. borrow from you 49. has come up with 50. if they do not