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As per IBR, Boiler means any closed vessel exceeding 22.75 liters in capacity and which is used expressively for generating steam under pressure and includes any mounting or other fitting attached to such vessel which is wholly or partly under pressure when the steam is shut off.

Boiler Specification:

Purpose Saturation Temperature water and steam

Heat sensible, latent and superheat

Effect of Pressure Purpose of evaporator, super heater, reheater and attemperator

Source of Heat:
Fuel Combustion and role of oxygen

Burner Excess air

Source of Heat:
Flue gas and heat transfer Draught Soot Blower Economizer and air pre-heater

Chimney and exit temperature

Level gauge glass Safety Valve Feed check valve Steam stop valve Pressure gauge

Vent valve Blow down valve Drain valve Manhole & HandHole Explosion Door Fusible Plug

Common steam header Parallel operation Steam trap water hammer

Steam Drum Super Heaters Bank Tubes

Mud / Water drum Goose Neck Formation Water Wall

Sectional view of a twin drum natural circulation Boiler Type BHEL # VU