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10

. 10-11
. .. , .: , 2001 .

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I. ............................ 4
1.
............................................................................. 4
1. , , () ......................................... 4
2. ................................................. 14

2. ................................................. 21
3. ..................................................................................... 21
4. .
...................................................... 30
5. . ........................................... 39
6. .................................................................................... 49
7. .
....................................................................................... 56

3.
.............................................................................................. 70

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8. , ................................................................ 70
9. ................................. 75
10. .............................. 81
11.
.................................................................................................. 88

II. ....................... 100


4. ................................................................................... 100

12. .................................................................................. 100


13. ................................................................................ 104
14.
.......................................................................................... 108
15. ............................................................. 113
16. .................................................................. 117
17. ............................................. 122

5. ................ 125
18. ........................................................................ 125
19. ................................................................. 132
20. ......................................................................... 140
21. ................................................................ 142

6.
...................................................... 145
22. () ................................................ 145
23. , ........................... 154
24. ................ 163
25. .......................................... 180

1.
1.

1. , , ()
1.

= ;
180 4

36 = 36
= ;
180 5

180 = 180
= ;
180

= ;
) 60 = 60
180 3

6
=
;
72 = 72
180 16

3
=
;
270 = 270
180
2

) 45 = 45

2
;
=
180
3
31

;
310 = 310
=
180 18

360 = 360
= 2 ;
180

5
=
;
) 150 = 150
180
6

6
;
216 = 216
=
180
5

= .
90 = 90
180 2

) 120 = 120

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2.

180
=
= 60;
3
3

= 90;
2
5
= 25;
36

) = 30;
6
3
= 108;
5
= 180;

2
= 72;
5

3
= 135;
4

= 20;
9
5
= 225;
)
4
3
= 270;
2
7

= 105.
12

3.

1
+ sin 2 = ;
2
4 2

) 6 sin 2 cos 0 + tg 2 = 4;
6
3

) sin 0 + cos

+ 2 cos + ctg 2 = 2,5;


6
6

) 3tg sin 2 + cos 2 = 3.


4
3
6

) 3 sin

4.
| sin | 1, | cos | 1,
) sin = 0,5 1; cos = 3 > 1 ; tg = 2,5 ;
; ;
3
> 1; cos = 2,2 < 1; tg = 0,31;
2

) sin =

;
) sin = 1,3 > 1; cos =

10
< 1; tg = 5,2;
4

, ; ;
) sin =

7
> 1; cos = 2,5 > 1; tg = 7,5;
9

; .
5.
: sin 2 + cos 2 = 1 .

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2

7
24
+ = 1 , ;
25

25

) 0,4 2 + 0,7 2 = 0,65 1 , ;


2

+ 3 = 6 + 3 = 9 = 1 , ;
)
3
3
9 9 9

2 1
+
= 1 , .
)
5 5

6.
: tg ctg = 1
3 5
5 3

) = 1 , ;
)

( 3 2) ( 3 + 2) = 1 1 , ;

5
= 1 1 , ;
12

) 2,4
)

5 2 5

= 1 , .
2
5

7.
3
; cos = 1 sin 2 = 0,6;
2
cos 3
sin 4
= ;
tg =
= ; ctg =
cos 3
sin 4
10

;
) ; ; sin = 1 cos 2 =
4
2

) ;

sin
15
cos
3
15
=
=
=
; ctg =
;
cos
3
sin
3
15

tg =

) 0; ; cos = 1 sin 2 =

7
;
3

sin
14
cos
7
14
=
=
=
; ctg =
;
cos
7
sin
2
14
8
3

) ;2 ; sin = 1 cos2 = ;
2
17

cos
15
sin
8
tg =
= .
= ; ctg =
cos
15
sin
8
tg =

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8.

)(

) cos 2 cos 4 + sin 4 = cos2 cos2 + sin 2 cos2 sin 2 =


2

= cos cos + sin = sin ;

(sin cos )(cos + sin + cos ) = sin cos ,


1 2 cos 2
=
cos + sin
cos + sin

cos + sin 0, .. + n, n z;

) sin 2 + tg 2 sin 2 ctg = sin 2


)

sin 2 t 1
cos 4 t

+ tg 2 t =

cos
= tg;
cos sin

sin 2 t 1 + sin 2 t cos 2 t


cos 4 t

cos 2 t
cos 2 t

= 1.

9.

4
4

cos
cos
sin
sin
3 = 1;
15
15
15
15
)
=
2
cos 0,3 sin 0,2 + sin 0,3 cos 0,2
sin
2
cos

2
5
tg

3
12
= tg = 1;
)
2
5
4
tg
1 + tg
3
12

3
+ tg
tg
10
20 = tg = 1;
)

3
4
1 tg tg
10
20

5
5
cos sin cos
sin
sin
18
9
9
18
6 = 1.
=
)
5
7
5
7 cos 2
sin
cos
cos
sin
12
12
12
12
tg

10.

3
5

) ; , cos = 1 sin 2 = ;

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; , sin = 1 cos 2 =

12
;
13

24
119
; cos 2 = cos 2 sin 2 =
;
25
169
16
sin ( ) = sin cos cos sin =
;
65
33
cos( + ) = cos cos sin sin = ;
65
3

) ;2 , sin = 1 cos 2 = 0,8;


2

sin 2 = 2 sin cos =

3
15
cos = 1 sin 2 = ;
,
17
2
sin 2 = 2 sin cos = 0,96;
161
cos 2 = cos 2 sin 2 =
;
289
84
sin ( ) = sin cos cos sin =
;
85
77
cos( + ) = cos cos sin sin = .
85

11.
)

2 sin cos sin ( ) sin ( + )


= tg ( + );
=
cos( ) 2 sin sin cos( + )

cos
1 cos + cos 2
2 cos 2 cos
= ctg;
=
=
sin
sin 2 sin
2 sin cos sin

2 cos 2 cos +
4
sin
=
= tg;
)
cos

2 sin + 2 sin
4

) ctg 2 (1 cos 2 ) + cos 2 = ctg 2 2 sin 2 + cos 2 = 3 cos 2 .


12.

7
5

= sin = sin ; cos = cos 2 = cos ;


8
8
8
3
3

tg 0,6 = tg 0,4 = tg
; ctg ( 1,2 ) = ctg ;
5
5

4
5
= cos ;
) tg
= tg ; sin = sin
5
5
9
18
9

) sin

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cos 1,8 = cos 0,2; ctg 0,9 = ctg ( 0,1 ) = ctg 0,1.

13.

2
4
7
1
cos
tg
ctg
= 4 3 ( 1) = 2 3;
6
3
3
4
2
3

) cos 2 ( ) tg ( + ) tg + sin (2 ) cos + =


2

) 8 sin

= cos2 + sin sin = 1;

3
5
7
= 10ctg sin cos = 5;
) 10ctg sin cos
4
4
4
4
4
4

sin 2 ( t )
sin 2 t
cos(2 t ) =
cos t = 1.
1 cos t
3
1 + sin + t
2

14.
7

2
sin
= 2 sin cos =
;
12
12
4
3
2

11
7
7
) cos
;
cos = 2 sin sin
= sin
24
8
6
24
24

) sin

11
7
+ sin
= 2 sin cos = 2 cos ;
18
18
2
9
9

5
3
.
) cos + cos = 2 cos cos = 2 cos
8
8
8
4
8

) sin

15.

) ;

3
3

; cos < 0, sin > 0;


,
2
2 2 4
2
2

1 + cos
26

5 26

=
=
=
; sin = 1 cos 2
;
2
2
26
2
2
26

sin

2 = 5;
tg =

2
cos
2
cos



) ; , , ; cos < 0, cos > 0, sin > 0;
2 4 2
2
2
2

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1 + cos
10

4
; cos =
=
;
5
2
2
10

sin
3 10

2
2 = 3.
=
sin = 1 cos
; tg =

2
2
10
2
cos
2
cos = 1 sin 2 =

;2 , , ; cos < 0, sin > 0;


2
4
2
2
2

1 + cos
7 2
1 cos
2

=
=
; sin =
=
;
2
2
10
2
2
10

sin

2 = 2 10 = 1 .
tg =

10 7 2
7
2 cos
2
3
3
) ; , , ;
2 2 4
2
cos

15

cos < 0, cos < 0, sin > 0, cos = 1 sin 2 = ,


17
2
2


4 17

1 + cos
1
17
=
=
=
=
; sin = 1 cos 2
;
2
2
17
2
2
17
17

sin

2 = 4.
tg =

2
cos
2
cos

16.
) = 0,19 ();
sin 0,1889; cos 0,9820; tg 0,1923; ctg 5,200;

) = 1,37 ();
sin 0, 9799; cos 0,199 4; tg 4, 9131; ctg 0,2035;

) = 0,9 ();
sin 0,7833; cos 0,6216; tg 1,2602; ctg 0,7936;

) = 1,2 ();

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sin 0,9320; cos 0,3624; tg 2,5722; ctg 0,388.

17.

) 17 0,2967 ();
4324 0,7575 ();
8336 1,4591 ();
7112 1,2601 ();

) 0,384 () 226;
0,48 () 27307;
1,11 () 63554;
1,48 () 844752.

) l = R = 2 1 = 2 ();

) l =

18.

) l = R = 0,1 ();

3
6 = 4,5 ();
4
9
) l =
6 = 9 ().
10

19.
) S =

R 2
= 1 (2);
2

) S =

R 2
= 0,05 (2);
2

R 2 3
=
(2);
2
2
5 2 15
3 =
) S =
(2).
6
2

) S =

20.
) l=2R=R, =2 ();
) P=2R+l - , .. l,
l=R, 3l=P.
, 3R=2R+R, =1 ().
10

21.

) 3 sin 2 + 2 cos(3 ) = 3 sin

3
2
2 cos
=
;
4
4
2

5 3
5 3
) sin 2 + 3tg = sin 2 + 3tg =
3
2
3
2

4
4
9

= sin 2 3ctg = ;
3
4
4

) 4 cos 3 + ctg + = 4 sin + ctg = 3;


6
12
6
4

) cos + tg 2 2 + = cos + ctg 2 2 =

= cos

3
ctg 2 =
.
6
3
6

22.

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)

1 + tg cos + sin
=
tg = tg;
1 + ctg sin + cos
3

;2 , sin < 0
2

5
12
sin = 1 cos 2 = 1 = ;
13
13
5 12
5
tg = :
= ;
13 13
12
5
1+
sin + cos tg + 1
4 = 9;
=
=
)
sin cos tg 1 5
1
4
cos + ctg cos (1 + sin )
=
= 1 + sin ;
)
ctg
cos

1 + sin =

3 2 2
;
3

sin < 0 sin = 1 cos 2 =

2 2
;
3

) sin 2 cos 2 = sin 2 cos 2 = cos2 sin 2 = 0,5.


11

23.

) 0; :

sin 1+ tg 2 = sin

1
cos2

sin
sin2
1
;
=
=
cos
cos
cos 1 + tg 2

= tg =

) 0; :

1 + cos
1 cos

=
1 cos
1 + cos

(1 + cos )(1 + cos )


1 cos 2

(1 cos )(1 cos ) = 2 cos = 2ctg;


1 cos 2

sin

) 0; :

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1 sin 2 cos
cos
=
=
;
sin
sin
1 cos 2

= tg =

sin 2 + tg 2 sin 2 = sin 2 1 + tg 2 =


1

ctg

cos 1 + ctg 2


, 0; .
2
cos 2 + ctg 2 cos 2
1

24.

2 4
tg + tg tg tg
+
= 1 tg tg + 1 + tg tg = 2;
)
tg ( + ) tg ( )

) sin + = cos + = cos ;

2
4
4

cos( ) cos cos sin sin


=
= ctg tg.
)
cos sin
cos sin

) tg = ctg = ctg + ;

12

25.

) sin 2 t + 2 sin t cos t cos 2 t

) = (2 sin t cos t (cos t sin t )) =


2

= sin 2 2t 2 sin 2t cos 2t + cos 2 2t = 1 sin 4t ;


2 sin 3(sin 2 1)
cos 2 sin cos 5
= tg 3;
=
)
sin 5 2 cos 3 sin 2 cos 3(sin 2 1)

1 4 sin 2 t cos 2 t

1 sin 2 2t cos 2 2t
=
= cos 2t ;
cos 2t
cos 2t

cos 2 t sin 2 t
2 sin 2 cos + 2 sin 2
sin + 2 sin 2 + sin 3
)
= tg 2;
=
cos + 2 cos 2 + cos 3 2 cos 2 cos + 2 cos 2

26.
t
t
t
sin 2
1 tg 2
2
2
2

=
) cos t =
;
t
t
t
t
cos 2 + sin 2
cos2
1 + tg 2
2
2
2
2

2
2 sin
cos
2tg

2
2
2 ;

=
) sin = 2 sin cos =

2
2
2
2
2
+ sin
cos
cos
1 + tg
2
2
2
2
cos 2

t
2

cos 2

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27.

1
1 1 1
cos
= sin = = ;
12
12 2
6 2 2 4
2

2 sin cos

2
7
6
9 =1;
sin : cos
=
) sin
2
18
9
18
cos
9

) sin

) sin 2

cos

cos 2
8
8

11
cos
12
12 =
5
sin
12

2
1 + cos
1 cos
4
4 = 2 = 1 ;

2
2
2

5
2 sin sin
2
12 = 2 sin = 2 ;
5
2
sin
12

13

2.
28.
)

)
P

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29.
:
2 2
; (1;0) ;
) (0;1) ;
;

3 1 1 3
; (0;1) ;
)
; ; ;

1 3
; (1;0) ;
) (0;1) ; ;

2 2 1
3
)
;
; (0;1) .
;
;

2 2

2 2 2

2 2

30.

;2 IV ;
2

) 0; I ;

3
; III ;
2

; III ;
2

;2 IV ;
2

;3 II ;
2

14

;2 IV ;
2

) ; II ;


;0 IV ;
2

; II ;
2

;2 IV ;
2

3
; III .
2

31.
3

9
3
cos tg 2,3 = sin cos tg 0,3 < 0;
7
8
7
8
) sin 1 cos 3 ctg 5 = sin 1 ( cos( 3))(ctg (2 5)) =

) sin

= sin 1 cos( 3) ctg (2 5) > 0;

7
2
tg 2,9 = sin 0,3 cos
tg ( 2,9 ) < 0;
9
9

) sin 8 > 0, .. 2,5 < 8 < 3; cos 0,7 > 0, ..


> 0,7 > 0;
2
5
tg 6,4 > 0, .. 2 < 6,4 <
; , sin 8 cos 0,7 tg 6,4 > 0 .
2

) sin 1,3 cos

StudyPort.ru
32.
) sin 4 = 0; cos 4 = 1; sin ( ) = 0; cos( ) = 1;

5
5
11
11
= 1; cos
= 0; sin
= 1; cos
= 0;
2
2
2
2
) sin = 0; cos = 1; sin (2 ) = 0; cos(2 ) = 1;

) sin

= sin = 1; cos
= cos = 0;
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
= 1; cos = 0.
sin = sin
2
2
2

) sin

33.
3

+ x = sin x.
2

) y = cos

, , ..
2.

15

) y = sin ( + x ) = sin x
).

) y = cos x = sin x

).
) y = tg( x + ) = tgx
,
y=tgx, .. .

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34.
1
2

) P (x ; y ), y = 0,5, x > 0

) x = , y > 0

0,5

16

1
2

) x =

3
,
2

y>0

) y =

2
,
2

x>0

3
2

2
2

35.
)

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)

36.
) y = sin x + 2; D( y ) = R ;

.. sin x [ 1;1], E ( y ) = [1;3]

17

) y = 1 + tgx;
.. y=tgx

+ n ,
2

D (y ) = R \ + n n Z ; E (y ) = R
2

) y = cos x 1;

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D( y ) = R ; .. cos x [ 1;1] , E ( y ) = [ 2;0]

) y = 3 + sin x ;

D( y ) = R ; .. sin x [1;1] , E (y ) = [2;4]


y

y = 3 + sin x

4
3
2
0

3
2

37.
) y = 2 sin x;
D (y ) = R; .. sin x [1;1] , E (y ) = [2;2]
18

3
2

1
2

) y = cos x;
1 1
D (y ) = R; .. cos x [1;1], E (y ) = ;
2 2

StudyPort.ru
) y = 0,5 tgx;

.. y=tgx

+ n,n z;
2

D (y ) = R \ + n n Z ; E (y ) = R
2

3
2
D (y ) = R; .. sin x [1;1] , E (y ) = [1,5;1,5]

) y = sin x;

19

38.
) y = sin x ;
:

(n;0), n Z ; (0;0);

) y = 1 + cos x;
:

( + 2n;0), n Z ; (0;2);

) y = cos x;
:

StudyPort.ru

+ n;0 , n Z ; (0;1);
2

) y = sin x 1;

+ n;0 , n Z ; (0;1);
2

39.
) y = x 2 3x;
O: (0;0) (3;0);
OY: (0;0);
) y = sin x 1,5;
OX ;
OY: (0;-1,5);
) y = 2,5 + cos x;
OX ;
OY: (0;3,5);
) y =

1
+ 1;
x

OX: (-1;0);
OY .
20

2.
3.
40.
1
2

1
x

5
2

) f (x ) = x + ; f ( 1) = 2; f = ; f (10) = 10,1;

) f (x ) = 3 cos x ; f = 0; f (0) =

3 2
3 2
; f () =
;
2
2

) f (x ) = 5 x x 2 ; f (0 ) = 0; f (1) = 2; f (2) = 6 ;

4

5 3
= .
12 2

) f (x ) = 2 sin 2 x; f = 3; f (0) = 2; f
41.
) f (x ) = x 2 + 2 x;

) f (x ) = tg 2x;
f (a ) = tg 2a;

StudyPort.ru
f (x 0 ) = x 02 + 2 x 0 ;

f (b 1) = tg (2b 2 );

f (t + 1) = t 2 + 4t + 3;

1
+ 1;
x
1
f (x 0 ) =
+ 1; x 0 0;
x0

x
3

) f (x ) = 2 cos ;

) f (x ) =

f (a + 2 ) =

z
f (z ) = 2 cos ;
3

h
f (h + ) = 2 cos + .
3 3

a+3
;
a+2

42.
,
,
:
) ) :
) ) .
43.
) D( f ) = R \ x : x 2 + 4 x + 3 = 0 = R \ {1;3};

) D( f ) = x : x 2 9 0 = ( ;3]U [3;+ );

) D( f ) = R \ x : x + 2 x 8 = 0 = R \ { 4;2};

) D( f ) = x : 36 x 0 = [ 6;6].
2

21

44.

) D( f ) = R \ {0}; ) D( f ) = R \ + n n Z ;
) D( f ) = R \ {n n Z }; ) D( f ) = R \ {0}.

45.
) y = 2cos (x-

); D(y) = R; E(y) = [-2; 2];


3

4
; D(y) = R \{x: x-3=0} = R\{3};
x 3
4
0;
E(y) =R \ {2}, ..
x 3
3
) y =
1; D(y) = R \ {x: x+1=0} = R\{-1};
x +1
3
0;
E(y) = R \ {-1}, ..
x +1

) y = 3+ 0,5 sin (x+ ); D(y) = R;


4

5 7
E(y) = ; , .. sin (x + ) [-1; 1].
4
2 2

) = 2 +

StudyPort.ru
46.
) D(f) = [-5; 6];
) D(f) = [-6; 4]; E(f) = [-2; 2];
) D(f) = [-6; 1,5) U (1,5; 6]; E(f) = [-3; 3);
) D(f) = [-4; 3]; E(f) = (-1; 4].

47.
) D(f) = [-2; 4]; E(f) = [-3; 3];

) D(f) = [-5; 3]; E(f) = [2; 6];


22

48.
) =

1
1
+ 2 =

x
x

OY.
=

1
1
=

x2
x

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2 OX.

) y = cos x 3 = cos x 3
OY.
y = cos(x +

) y = cos x
4
4

OX.

23

) = 4-x2 = -x2 4
OY.
= - (x-2)2 = -x2 2
OX.

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) y = sin x + 2 y = sin x 2
OY.

y = sin (x + ) = sin x
3

OX.

24

49.
a)

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)

25

50.
a)

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)

51.
x, x 0;

) f(x) =
f(-2) = 2; f = ; f(0) = 0; f(5) = 5.
3
x, x < 0.
3
2
) f(x) = x 1,
1 x,

26

x 1; f(-2) = 3; f(-1) = 0; f(0) = -1; f(4) = 15.


x < 1.

1


1
sin x, x > 0;
f =1; f = ; f(0)=0; f = .
2
cos x 1, x 0. 2
3
6 2
1, x > 0;

) f(x)= 0, x = 0; f(-1,7)=-1; f(- 2 )=-1; f(0) = 0; f(3,8) = 1.


1, x < 0.

) f(x)=

52.
)
MBN ~ ABC

x
, ..
n

S ABC
x2
bh x 2 bx 2
= 2 ; S MNB = 2 =
;
S MNB n
2 h
2h
S MNC = S ABC S MNB =

bh
x2
(1 2 ),
2
h

x [0;h] .

StudyPort.ru
xR 2
;
2
) P( ) = 2r +l = r ( + 2);

) S(x) =

) |AC| =|BD| = a 2 ;

a 2 S ACD 2a 2 a 2
=
=
;
;
|D| =
2 x S MND 4 x 2 2 x 2

.. S MND = x 2 ;
S MABCN = S ABCD S MND =a 2 x 2 , x[0;

a 2
].
2

53.
) y =

3x 2

2
3 x 2 0;
D( y ) =[ ;2)U(2;+ );
; D(y): 2
2
0
;

x
x
3
x x 2

) y =

x 2 3x 4
16 x 2

x 2 3 x 4 0;
D( y ) :
D ( y ) = (;4) U (4;1] U (4;+);
2
16 x 0;

) y=

3
3
x+2
x + 2 0;
D ( y ) = [2; ) U ( ;+).
; D( y ) :
2
2
3 2x
3 2 x 0;

27

) y =

4 x2
; D ( y ) :4 x 0; D( y ) = [ 2;0,5) U (0,5;2].
1 2x
1 2 x 0;

54.
) y=1+sin2x; D(y)=R; E(y)=[1;2];
) y =

x 1
1
; D( y ) = R / {0}; E ( y ) = R / {1}, .. 0.
x
x

) y = x 2 + 4 ; D(y) = R; E(y)= [2;+);


) y=1,5-0,5cos2x; D(y)=R; E(y)= [1;1,5).
55.
)

StudyPort.ru
)

28

56.
a)

StudyPort.ru
)

29

4. .

StudyPort.ru
57.
) f(x)=3x2-x4; f(-x)=3(-x)2-(-x)4 = f(x);
x
2

x
2

) f(x) = x5 sin ; f ( x) = x5 ( sin ) = f ( x);

) f ( x) = x 2 cos x; f ( x) = ( x 2 ) cos( x) = x 2 cos x = f ( x);

) f ( x) = 4 x 6 x 2 ; f ( x) = 4( x)6 ( x) 2 = 4 x6 x 2 = f ( x).
f(x) ( ) ) ) )) D(f)=R.
58.
) f ( x) =

cos 5 x + 1
;
x

D(f) = R/{0} (0;0);


f(-x)=

cos( 5 x ) + 1 cos 5 x + 1
=
= f ( x );
x
x

) f ( x) =

sin 2 x

;
x2 1
D(f)=R/{ 1} (0;0);
sin 2 ( x) sin 2 x
f ( x) =
=
= f ( x );
( x)2 1 x 2 1

30

2 sin

) f ( x) =

x3

x
2;

D(f)=R/{0} (0;0);
x
x
2 sin( ) 2 sin
2
2
=
= f ( x);
f ( x) =
x3
( x )3

) f(x)=

cos x3

;
4 x2
D(f)=R/{ 2} (0;0);
cos( x3 ) cos x3
f ( x) =
=
= f ( x).
4 ( x)2 4 x 2

59.
) f(x)= x3sin x2; f(-x)= -x3 sin(-x)2 = -f(x);
) f(x)=x2(2x-x3); f(-x) = x2(-2x+x3)= -f(x);
) f(x)=x5cos3x; f(-x)=-x5cos(-3x)=-f(x);
)f(x)=x(5-x2); f(-x)=-x(5-(-x)2)=-f(x).
f(x) ( ) ) ) )) D(f)=R.

StudyPort.ru
60.

) f ( x) =

x4 + 1
2 x3

D(f)=R/{0} (0;0);
f ( x) =

( x)4 + 1
2 x3

x4 + 1
2 x3

= f ( x );

cos x3

) f(x)=

;
x(25 x 2 )
D(f)=R/{0; 5} (0;0);
cos( x3 )
f ( x) =
= f ( x);
x (25 x 2 )

) f ( x) =
) f(x)=

3x
6

x +2

; D ( f ) = R; f ( x) =

3 x
6

( x) + 2

3x
6

x +2

= f ( x );

x 2 sin x

;
x2 9
D(f)=R/{ 3} (0;0);

31

f ( x) =

( x ) 2 sin( x )
2

( x) 9

x 2 sin x
x2 9

= f ( x).

, f(x) ( ) ) ) ))
.
61.
1) f-:
a)

StudyPort.ru
2)
f :
a)

32

62.
x
2

) f ( x + T ) = f ( x + 4) = sin( + 2) = sin

x
= f ( x );
2

)=2tg(3x+ )=2 tg3x= f(x);


3

) f(x+T)=f(x+ ) = 3 cos(4 x + 2) = 3 cos 4 x = f ( x);


2
x
x
) f(x+T)= f ( x + 3) = ctg ( + ) = ctg .
3
3

) f(x+T)=f(x+

, f(x).
63.
f(x) ( ) ) ) ))
(sin , cos , tg , ctg ),
. f(x)
.
64.

StudyPort.ru
) y1 =

x
1
sin ;
2
4

y=sin x 2 ,
y1(x)
2
= 8;
1/ 4
3x

2
) y1 = 3tg ; T =
;
=
2
3/ 2 3
2
) y1=4 cos 2x; T =
= ;
2

x
) y1 = 5tg ; T =
= 3.
1/ 3
3
T=

65.
) y = sin x cos x =

sin 2 x
2
; T=
= ;
2
2

) y=sin x sin 4x - cos x cos 4x=-cos 5x; T =


) y= sin2x-cos2x=-cos 2x; T =

2 2
= ;
5 5

2
= ;
2

) y=sin 3x cos x + cos 3x sin x=sin 4x; T =

2
= ;
4
2

y(x).
33

66.
)

StudyPort.ru
)

67.
) y= sin 2x; T =

x
3

) y = cos ; T =

34

2
= ;
2

2
= 6 ;
1/ 3

x
2

) y= tg ; T =

= 2 ;
1/ 2

) y=sin 1,5x; T =

2 4
= ;
1,5 3

StudyPort.ru
().

68.
) , .. f ( x + t ) = f ( x)
x D( f ) ;
) ; ) ; ) .

69.
) y=sin x + ctg x - x; D(y) =R \ { n,n z };
y(-x)= -sin x - ctgx + x = -y(x) ;
) y =

x
sin x cos x

(-)=-

2x
sin 2 x

2 x
sin 2 x

; D()=R\ n,n z ;

= y ( x) ;

) =4+tg2x+xsinx; D()=R\ + k,k z

(-)=(-)4+tg2(-)+(-)sin(-)=() ;
) y =

tgx ctgx
n

; D()=R\ ,n z ;
x
2

35

(-)=

tg + ctgx
= y (x ) .
x

70.
) y =

sin x

x3 1
D()=R\ {1} ,

() ;
x + sin x
; D()=R\ {0} ;
x sin x
x sin x
(-)=
=() ;
x + sin x

) y =

1 x2
; D(): 1 x 0 D()=[-1;1)
1 x
1 x 0

) y =

, . () .

StudyPort.ru
) y =

x + tgx

; D()=R\ 0; + n \ n z .
2
x cos x

y ( x) =

x tgx
x + tgx
=() .
=
x cos x x cos x

71.

) ,

,

.

36

) ,

(0;0),

.

72.
) h(x)=f(x)g2(x), f - g - ;
h(-x)=f(-x)g2(x)= f(x)g2(x)=h(x).
.. h(x) ;
) h(x)=f(x)=g(x), f g ,
h(-x)=f(-x)-g(x)=f(x)-g(x)=h(x),
.. h(x) ;
) h(x)= f(x)+g(x), f g ;
h(-x)=f(-x)+g(-x)=-(f(x)+g(x))=-h(x).
.. h(x) ;
) h(x)=f(x)g(x), f g ;
h(-x)=f(-x)g(-x)=(-f(x)(-g(x))=f(x)g(x)=h(x),
.. h(x) .

StudyPort.ru
73.
1 cos 2 x
2
=.
;T=
2
2
k

). y=tgxctgx=1, D()=R\ ,k Z ;
2

). y = sin 2 x =

, T =

;
2

) y=sin4x-cos4x=sin2x-cos2x=-cos2x; T =

) y = sin

2
=;
2

x
x
2
+ cos = 1 + sin x ; T =
= 2 ;
2
2
1

().
37

74.
a)

StudyPort.ru
)

75.
, =f(x) , . ()=(),
1=f(x)+b:
38

1()=a(())+b=()+b=f()+b=1(). D(1)=D().
1() .
76.
) =2-3; =1 (D()):
(+2)=(3)=61=(2).
.. =2 ();
). y=cosx; = (D()):
(+2)=cos(+2)=- cos2-1=cos()=y().
.. =2 - ();
) =3+5 , .. =2
()
) = , .. =2
().
5. . .

StudyPort.ru
77.
) x [ 7;5] [1;5] ;

x [ 5; 1] [5 ; 7] ;
max1=5; ymax1 =5; max2=5; ymax2 =3; min1=1; min1=3;
) x [ 6;4] [ 2;4] ;
x [ 4;2] [4;5] ;

max1=4; ymax1 =3; max2=4; ymax2 =5; min1=2; min1=2;


) x [ 3;3] ;
x [ ; 3] [3; + ) ;

max1=3; ymax1 =2; min=3; min=2;


) [-4;-2][0;2] [4;6] ;
[-6;-4][-2;0] [2;4] ;
max1=2; ymax1 =3; max2=2; ymax2 =3; min1=4; min1=2; min2=0;
min2=0; min3=4; min3=2;
78.
)

39

StudyPort.ru
)

79.
)

40

StudyPort.ru
)

41

80.
)

StudyPort.ru
)

42

81.
2>x1, y(x2)-y(x1)= kx2+b-kx1-b=k(x2-x1).
a) k>0, y(x2)-y(x1)>0, .. R;
) k>0, y(x2)-y(x1)<0, . R.
(.. x1, 2 R).
82.
) y=-2+6-8=1-(-3)2.
, max=3, ymax=1.
(-; 3], ;
[3;+), .
) =(+2)4+1.
, ymin=1 x min=-2.
(-;-2],
[-2;+) .
) =2-4=(-2)2-4.
, xmin =2; min=-4
(-;2] ;
[2;+) .
) =(-3)4;
, ymin=0; min=3
(-;0] ;
[0;+) .

StudyPort.ru
83.

) y =

3
; D()=R\ {2} ;
x2

1<x2<2: (2)-(1)=

3( x1 x 2 )
< 0 , .. (-;2)
( x 2 2)( x1 2)

; (2;+) .
y=

3
D(), ,
x2

;
). =-(+3)5; D()=R;
1<x2: (-x1-3)5<(-2-3)5, ..
(1)<(2) R. ,
;
) y =

1
; D()=R\ { 3}
x+3

x1; 2R: x1<x2<-3,

43

y ( x 2 ) y ( x1 ) =

x 2 + x1
< 0 (-; -3).
( x1 + 3)( x 2 + 3)

, (-3; +), .. y =

x+3

D(), ;
) =(-4)3; D()=R;
x1<x2 : (1-4)3<(x2<4)3;
(1)<(2), .. R
.
84.
) =3sinx-1.

, , + 2n; + 2n , nZ
2
2

+ 2n; + 2n nZ ;
2
2

StudyPort.ru
x min =

+ 2n ; min=-4, nZ; x max = + 2k ; =2, kZ;


2
2

)=-2cosx+1;
[-+2n; 2n] nZ;
[2n; +2n] nZ;
min=2n, min=-1; =+2n; =3, nZ
) =2cos+1,
[-+2n; 2n] nZ;
[2n; +2n]; nZ;
min=+2n; min=-1; =2n; =3, nZ;
) =0,5sinx-1,5;

+ 2n, + 2n nZ;
2
2

+ 2n; + 2n ; nZ;
2
2

min= + 2n ; min=-2; = + 2n ; =-1, nZ;


2
2

85.

) =1+tg; D()=R/ + n / n z
44

min
) =sinx+1; D()=R;

+ n; + n , nZ;
2
2

+ 2n; + 2n nZ;
2
2

+ 2n; + 2n nZ;
2
2

+ 2n ; y min = 0 ; x max = + 2n ; =2; nZ;


2
2

) =-tgx; D(y)=R/ + 2n / n z ;
2

x min =

+ n; + n ; nZ;
2
2

min ;
) =cosx-1; D()=R;
(2n; +2n]; nZ;
[+2n; 2+2n]; nZ;
min=+2n; min=-1; =2+2n; =0, nZ;
86.

StudyPort.ru
a) .. 0 <

2 3
2
3
,
> cos
<
< , cos
9
7
9
7

y=cos x [0; ];

5 7 3
5
7
<
<
<
> sin
, sin
,
2 7
9
2
7
8
3
.. =sin ; ;
2 2

) ..

6 9 3
6
9
<
<
<
> tg
, tg
, ..
2 5
7
2
5
7
3
=tg ; ,
2 2

) ..

3 4
3
4
<
<
< , sin
> sin
,
2 8
9
2
8
9

.. =sinx ; .
2 2

) ..

45

87.

< 1,3 < 3,2 < 3,8 <


2
2
3
=sin ; sin 3,8<sin3,2<sin1,3;
2 2

) 0<0,9<1,3<1,9< y=cosx [0; ] os 1,9<cos1,3<cos0,9;


< 0,3 < 0,5 < 1,4 <
tg
)
; tg(2
2
2 2
0,3)<tg0,5<tg1,4;

< 1,2 < 0,8 < 1,2 < =sinx


2
2

;
sin (-1,2) < sin 0,8 < sin 1,2.
2 2

88.
1

StudyPort.ru
) y =

( x 2) 2

x1 < x2 < 2,

+ 1 ; D (y) = R \{2}.
1

( x1 2)

<

( x2 2) 2

(-;2);

, (2;+);
max min .
) y = 4 x x 2 ;

( x 2) 2 + 4, x 0;
4 x x 2 , x 0;
y=
y

2
2
4 x x , x < 0;
( x 2) + 4, x < 0;

.. x(0;-2][0;2];
x[-2;0][2;+);
xmax = 2; ymax = 4; xmax = -2; ymax = 4;
xmin = 0; ymin = 0.
) y =

1
( x + 1) 3

2 ; D (y) = R / {-1}.

x1 < x2 < -1,

1
( x1 + 1)

>

1
( x 2 + 1) 3

, ..

(-;-1);
, (-1;+);
max min .
46

( x 1) 2 1, x 0;
2
( x + 1) 1, x < 0;

) y = x2 - 2x; y =

.. x[-1;0][1; +);
x(-;-1][0;1];
xmin = 1; ymin = -1; xmin = -1; ymin = -1; xmax = 0; ymax = 0.

StudyPort.ru

47

89.

) y = cos( x ); D (y) = R;

( x + ) max = 2n; x max = + 2n; y max = 1; n Z .


4
4
3

( x + ) min = + 2n; x min =


+ 2n; y min = 1; n Z .
4
4
3

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z ;
4
4

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z .
4
4

) y = 1 sin( x ); D (y) = R;

3
5

x min =
+ 2n; ymin = 0; n Z ; x max = + 2n; ymax = 2; nZ.
6
6
5

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z ;
6
6

StudyPort.ru
5

11

+ 2n , n Z .
+ 2n;
6
6

) y = sin( x + ); D (y) = R;

+ 2n; y min = 1; n Z . x max = + 2n; ymax = 1; nZ.


3
3

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z ;

3
3

x min =

+ 2n , n Z .
+ 2n;
3
3

) y = 2 + cos( x ); x min =

2
+ 2n; y min = 1; n Z .
3

+ 2n; ymax = 3; nZ.


3
4

+ 2n , n Z ;
+ 2n;
3
3

x max =

46

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z .
3
3


90.

25
7
4
3
5
5
; sin
; cos( ) = cos( );
= cos
= cos
9
10
9
9
3
9
3 4 5 7
.. 0 <
<
<
<
<
10
9
9
9
25
5
4
4
y = cos x [0;] cos
.
< cos( ) < cos
< sin
9
9
9
9
5
15
2
3
) ctg ( ) = tg
; ctg
= tg ( );
7
8
7
8

7
3 2 3
.. <
<
<
<
<
2
16
8
7
8
2
7
3
2
3

y = tg x ( ; ) , tg ( ) < tg ( ) < tg
;
< tg
2 2
7
8
16
8
7
15
5
3
tg ( ) < ctg
.
< tg ( ) < tg
16
8
7
8
12
2
6
2
; tg
;
) ctg
= ctg
= ctg
5
5
5
5
3 2 7 9
0<
<
<
<
< y = ctg x (0;),
10
5 15 10
9
7
12
6
tg
< ctg
< tg
< tg .
10
15
5
5
13

17

) cos
= sin( ); sin
= sin ;
24
24
6
6

5
5

<
<
< <
< y = sin x ; ,
2
12
24 6 24 2
2 2

) cos

StudyPort.ru
sin(

5
13
17
5
) < cos
.
< sin
< sin
12
24
6
24

91.
) f(x) = x4 + 3x;
x1, x2 [0;+) x1< x2, x14 + 3x1 < x 24 + 3x 2 ;
f(x1) < f(x2), .. .
) f(x) = - x3 - 2x;
x1, x2 R x1< x2, x13 2 x1 > 2 x 2 x 23 ;
47

f(x1) > f(x2), .. .


) f(x) = x6 0.5;
x1, x2 (-;0] x1< x2, (+ x 2 ) 6 0.5 < ( + x1 ) 6 0.5;
f(x1) > f(x2), .. .
) f(x) = x5 + 1.5x;
x1, x2 R x1< x2, x15 + 1.5 x1 < x 25 + 1.5 x 2 ;
f (x1) < f(x2), .. .
92.
) f , f(x0) = f(-x0), , x0
, (-x0) .
) f [a;b] f(x) , ..
x1, x2 [a;b], x1< x2: f (x1) > f(x2). ,
-x1 -x2 x1, x2 [-b;-a], x1>x2 f (x1)<f(x2), .. f (x) [-b;-a].
) f , f(x0) = -f(-x0), ,
x0 , (-x0) .
) f [a;b] f(x), ..
x1, x2 [a;b], x1< x2 f (x1) < f(x2).
-x1 -x2 [-b;-a], x2 < x1: f (-x1) < f(-x2), .. [-b;-a]
.

StudyPort.ru
6.

93.
) D(f) = [-8;5]; E(f) = [-2;5]; f(x) = 0, x = 1; f(0) = 2.5;
f(x) > 0 [-8;1); f(x) < 0 (1;5];
f(x) [-8;-5][-1;3]; f(x) [-5;-1][3;5].
xmin = -5; ymin = 1; xmin = 3; ymin = -2;
xmax = -1; ymax = 3.
f(5) = 0, f(-8) = 5.
) D(f) = R \ {-2}; E(f) = R \ {2};
f(x) = 0, x = 0; f(0) = 0;
f(x) > 0 [-;-2)(0; +); f(x) < 0 (-2;0);
f(x) (-;-2)(-2;+);
y = 2 ;
x = -2 .
) D(f) = [-6;6]; E(f) = [-2;2];
f(-x)= -f(x), ;
f(x) = 0, x = 0;4; f(0) = 0;

48

f(x) > 0 (-4;0)(4;6]; f(x) < 0 [-6;-4)(0;4);


f(x) [-6;-2][2;6]; f(x) [-2;2].
xmin = 2; ymin = -2; xmax = -2; ymax = 2.
f(-6) = -2, f(6) = 2.
) D(f) = [-5;7]; E(f) = [-3;3];
f(x) = 0, x = 5;-4;1; f(0) = 1;
f(x) > 0 [-5;-4)(-1;1)(5;7]; f(x) < 0 (-4;1)(1;5);
f(x) [-5;-3][0;3]; f(x) [-3;0][3;7].
xmin = -3; ymin = -2; xmin = 3; ymin = -3;
xmax = 0; ymax = 1.
f(7) = 3, f(-2) = -1.
94.
)

StudyPort.ru
)

49

StudyPort.ru
95.

) f(x) = 5 2x;
D(f) = R; E(f) = R;

5
; f(0) = 5;
2
5
f(x) > 0 x (-; );
2
5
f(x) < 0 x ( ;+);
2

f(x) = 0, x =

R. max min .
) f(x) = 3 2x x2 = 4 (x + 1)2;
D(f) = R; E(f) = (-;4];
f(x) = 0, x = -3; x = 1; f(0) = 3;
f(x) > 0 (-3;1);
f(x) < 0 (-;3)(1; +);
f(x) (-; -1].
f(x) [-1; +);
xmax = -1;
ymax = 4.
) f(x) = 3x - 2;
50

D(f) = R; E(f) = R;
2
; f(0) = -2;
3
2
f(x) < 0 x (-; );
3
2
f(x) > 0 x ( ;+);
3

f(x) = 0, x =

R.
max min .
) f(x) = x2 3x +2 = -0.25 + (x D(f) = R; E(f) = [-

3 2
);
2

1
;+);
4

f(x) = 0, x = 1; x = 2; f(0) = 2;
f(x) > 0 (-;1)(2; +);
f(x) < 0 (1;2);

StudyPort.ru
3
3
]; f(x) [ ;+).
2
2
3
1
xmin = ; ymin = .
2
4

f(x) (-; +

96.

) f(x) =

1
2;
x

D(f) = R / {0}; E(f) = R / {-2};


f(x) = 0, x = 0 x = 5;
f(x) < 0 x (-;0)(

1
;
2

+);
f(x) > 0 x (0;

1
);
2

f(x) (-;0)(0; +);


y = -2 x = 0 . max min .
) f(x) = - (x3)4;
D(f) = R; E(f) = R;
f(x) = 0, x = 0 x = 5; f(0) = -81;
f(x) < 0 D(f) / {3};
f(x) [3; +);
f(x) (-;3];
51

xmax = 3; ymax = 0.
) f(x) =

1
;
x+2

D(f) = R / {-2}; E(f) = R / {0};


f(x) 0; f(0) =

1
;
2

f(x) < 0 x (-;-2);


f(x) > 0 x (-2; +);
y = 0 x = -2 .
max min .
) f(x) = x3-1;
D(f) = R; E(f) = R;
f(x) = 0 x =1; f(0) = -1;
f(x) < 0 x (-;1);
f(x) > 0 x (1; +);
f(x) R;
max min .

StudyPort.ru
97.

) f(x) = x 3 ;
D(f) = [3; +); E(f) = [0; +);
f(x) = 0 x =3; f(0)
;
f(x) > 0 x (3; +);
f(x) D(f);

) f(x) = 4xx2 = 4-(x-2)2;


D(f) = R; E(f) = (-;4];
f(x) = 0, x = 0 x = 4;
f(x) < 0 x (-;0)(4; +);
f(x) > 0 x (0;4);
f(x) [2; +);
f(x) (-;2];
xmax = 2;
ymax = 4.
) f(x) = x + 1 ;
52

D(f) = [-1; +); E(f) = R+;


f(x) = 0 x = -1; f(0) = 1;
f(x) > 0 x (-1; +);
f(x) D(f);
max min .
) f(x) = 4-x2;
D(f) = R; E(f) = (-;4];
f(-x) = f(x) ;
f(x) = 0, x = 2; f(0) = 4;
f(x) < 0 x (-;-2)(2; +);
f(x) > 0 x (-2;2);
f(x) (-;0];
f(x) [0; +);
xmax = 0.
ymax = 4;
98.
) f(x) = x4+4x2 = (x2+2) 2-4;
D(f) = R; E(f) =R+;
f(-x) = f(x) ;
f(x) = 0, x =0;
f(x) > 0 R / {0};
f(x) R-;
f(x) R+;
xmin = 0.
ymin = -4;
) f(x) = 1 x + 4 ;
D(f) = [-4; +); E(f) = (-;1];

StudyPort.ru
f(x) = 0, x = -3; f(0) = -1;
f(x) < 0 x (-3; +);
f(x) > 0 x [-4;-3);
f(x) [-4; +);
xmax = -4.
ymax = 1;
) f(x) = x3+x;
D(f) = R; E(f) = R;
f(x) = 0 x =0;
f(x) < 0 x (-;0);
53

f(x) > 0 x (0; +);


f(x) R;
max min .
) f(x) = x 2 2 ;
D(f) = [2; +); E(f) = [-2;+);
f(x) = 0, x = 6;
f(x) < 0 x [2;6);
f(x) > 0 x (6; +);
f(x) D(f);
xmin = 2;
ymin = 2.
99.
) f(x) = x2- 2 x +1 =
= ( x ) 2 2 x + 1 = (1 + x ) 2 ;

StudyPort.ru
f(x) (-;-1][0;1];
f(x) [-1;0](1; +);
xmin = 1;
ymin = 0;
xmax = 0;
ymax = 1.
) f(x) = 1 +

2
;
x 1

D(f) = R / {1}; E(f) = R / {1};


f(x) = 0, x = -1; f(0) = -1
f(x) < 0 x (-1;1);
f(x) > 0 x (-;-1)(1; +);
y = 1 x = 1 .
max min .
f(x) D(f).

54

D(f) = R; E(f) =R+;


f(-x) = f(x) ;
f(x) = 0, x 1; f(0) = 1
f(x) > 0
x (-;-1)(-1;1);(1; +);

1
2

) f(x) = x x 2 = 0.25 ( x ) 2 ;
D(f) = R;
E(f) = (-;

1
];
4

f(-x) = f(x) ;
f(x) = 0, x 1; x =0;
f(x) > 0 x (-1;1);
f(x) < 0 x (-;-1)(1; +);
1
2

1
2

1
2

1
2

f(x) [ ;0] [ ;+] ; f(x) [0; ] (; ] ;


xmin = 0;ymin = 0;
1
1
; ymax = .
2
4
1
) f(x) = 2 + ;
x

xmax =

StudyPort.ru
D(f) = R / {0}; E(f) = R / {-2};
1
;
2
1
f(x) < 0 x ( ;0);
2

f(x) = 0, x =

f(x) > 0

x (-;

1
)(0; +);
2

y = 2 x = 0 .
max min .
f(x) D(f).
7. .
.
100.
18
2

28
= tg
= sin ;
;
sin
5
5
3
3

15
8
2
ctg ( ) = ctg ;
) = cos ;
) cos(
8
8
5
5

) tg

55

14
15
= tg ;
) = sin ; tg
5
5
8
8

20
35
) cos
= cos ;
= ctg .
ctg
7
7
9
9

) sin(

101.
) D(f) = R; E(f) = [-4;2];

) D(f) = R / { n / n Z }; E(f) = R;
3

) D(f) = R / { + 2n / n Z }; E(f) = R;
1 3
2 2

) D(f) = R; E(f) = [ ; ].
102.
) f(x) = -sin 3x;
n
,n Z ;
3
2n 2n
f(x) < 0 x (
; +
), n Z ;
3 3
3
2n 2n
f(x) > 0 x ( +
;
), n Z ;
3
3
3
2x
) f(x) = tg
;
3
3n
f(x) = 0, x =
,n Z ;
2
3 3n 3n
f(x) < 0 x (
;
), n Z ;
+
4
2
2
3n 3 3n
;
), n Z ;
f(x) > 0 x (
+
2 4
2
x
) f(x) = cos ;
2
f(x) = 0, x =+2n, nZ;
f(x) > 0 x (-+4n; +4n), nZ;
f(x) < 0 x (+4n; 3+4n), nZ;
) f(x) = ctg 2x;
n
f(x) = 0, x = + , n Z ;
4 2

f(x) = 0, x =

StudyPort.ru

56


4
n
f(x) > 0 x ( ;
2

f(x) < 0 x ( +

n n
; + ), n Z ;
2 2 2
n
+ ), n Z .
4 2

103.
) f(x) = 4cos3x;
2n 2n
;
], n Z ;
f(x) [ +

3
3
3
2n 2n
; +
], n Z .
f(x) [
3 3
3
2n
xmin = +
; ymin = -4; nZ;
3
3
2n
xmax =
; ymax = 4; nZ.
3
x
) f(x) = 0.5tg ; f(x) R \ {4n, nZ};
4

StudyPort.ru
max min .
) f(x) = 2tg

x
; f(x) R \ { + 2n, nZ};
2

max min .
) f(x) =0.2sin4x;

n n
; + ], n Z ;
2 8 2
k 3 k
f(x) [ + ; + ], k Z .
8 2 8
2
n
xmin = +
; ymin = -0.2; nZ;
8 2
n
xmax = +
; ymax = 0.2; nZ.
8
2

f(x) [ +

104.
) f(x) = 0.5 cos

x
;
3
1 1
2 2

D(f) = R; E(f) = [ ; ];
f(-x) = f(x) ;
: = 6;
57

f(x) = 0, x =
f(0) =

3
+ 3n, n Z ;
2

1
;
2

3
3
+ 6n;
+ 6n), n Z ;
2
2
3
9
f(x) < 0 ( + 6n;
+ 6n), n Z ;
2
2

f(x) > 0 (

f(x) [-3+6n; 6n], nZ;


f(x) [6n; 3+6n], nZ.
xmin = 3+6n, nZ; ymin =
xmax = 6n, nZ; ymax =

1
;
2

1
.
2

StudyPort.ru
) f(x) = -2 sin2x;
D(f) = R; E(f) = [-2;2];
f(-x) = -f(x) ;
= ;
k
,k Z ;
f(x) = 0, x =
2

f(0) =0;

+ k ; k ), k Z ;
2

f(x) < 0 (k ; + k ), k Z ;
2

3
f(x) [ + k ;
+ k ], k Z ;
4
4

f(x) [ + k ; + k ], k Z .
4
4

f(x) > 0 (

58


+ k , k Z ;
4
ymin = -2;
3
xmax =
+ k , k Z ;
4
ymax = 2.

xmin =

) f(x) = -1.5 cos3x;

StudyPort.ru
3 3
2 2

D(f) = R; E(f) = [ ; ];

f(-x) = f(x) ;

2
3
n
3
f(x) = 0, x = + , n Z ; f (0) = ;
6 3
2
2
2
f(x) > 0 + n; + n , n Z ;
6
3
2 3

= ;

2n 2n
; +
], n Z ;
3 3
3
2n 2n
;
f(x) [ +
], k Z .
3
3
3
2n
xmax = +
,n Z ;
3
3
3
ymax = .
2
2n
xmin =
,n Z ;
3
3
ymin = ;
2

f(x) [

59

) f(x) = 3 sin

x
;
2

D(f) = R; E(f) = [-3;3];


f(-x) = -f(x) ;
= 4;
f(x) = 0, x = 2k, kZ;
f(x) > 0 (4k; 2+4k), kZ;
f(x) < 0 (-2+4k; 4k), kZ;
f(x) [-+4n; +4n], nZ;
f(x) [+4k; 3+4k], kZ;
xmax =+4n, nZ; ymax = 3;
xmin =+4n, nZ; ymin = -3.

StudyPort.ru
105.
1
tg2 x ;
2
n
D(f) = R / { + , n Z }; E(f) = R;
4 2

) f(x) =

f(-x) = -f(x) ;
60

,
2

;
f(x) = 0, x =

n
,n Z ;
2

f(0) =0;


+ n , n Z ;
4 2

f(x) < 0 x + k ; + k , k Z
4 2 4 2

f(x) > 0 x n;

D(f);
max min .

StudyPort.ru
) f(x) = 3 cos

3x
;
2

D(f) = R; E(f) = [-3;3];


f(-x) = f(x) ;
4
;
=

3
2n
f(x) = 0, x = +
,n Z ;
3
3

f(0) = -3;

f(x) > 0 x +

4n
4n
; +
, n Z ;
3
3

4 4
+
k; +
k , k Z ;
3 3
3 3
4k 2 4k
2 4n 4n
f(x) x ; +
, k Z ; f(x) x +
, k Z .
;
3
3 3
3 3
3

f(x) < 0 x

61

2 4
+ k, k Z ; ymax = 3;
3 3
4
n, n Z ; ymin = -3.
xmin =
3

xmax =

) f(x) = 2ctg

x
;
3

D(f) = R / {3n, nZ}; E(f) = R;


f(-x) = -f(x) ;
=3;
3
+ 3n, n Z ;
f(x) = 0, x =

StudyPort.ru
2

f(x) < 0 x 3k ;

+ 3k , k Z ;
2

+ 3n ; 3n , n Z ;
2

f(x) > 0 x

D(f);
max min .

) f(x) =

4x
5
5 5
; D(f) = R; E(f) = [ ; ];
sin
2
3
2 2

f(-x) = -f(x) ; =
62

3
;
2

3n
,n Z ;
4
3
3
f(0) = 0; f(x) > 0 (0; ) ; f(x) < 0 ( ;0) ;
4
4
3 9
3 3
f(x) [ ; ] ; f(x) [ ; ] .
8 8
8 8
3
5
3
5
xmax =
; ymax = ; xmin =
; ymin = .
8
2
8
2

f(x) = 0, x =

StudyPort.ru
106.

) x(t) =
x(

7
3
1
cos 4t ; A = (); = 4 (/); = ();
2
2
2

1
) = 1.75().
12

) x(t) = 5 cos(3t +

1
) ; A = 5(); = 3 (/); = ();
6
3

9
5
x ( ) = ().
2
2

) x(t) = 1.5 cos 6t ; A = 1.5(); = 6 (/); =

1
();
3

4
3
x ( ) = ().
3
2

t
1
1
) x(t) = cos( + ) ; A = (); =
(/); = 4();
2
2 3
2
2
1
x(8) = ().
4

107.
1
4

) I(t) = sin 50t ; A =

1
1
(A); = 50 (/); =
().
4
25

63

2
1
().
=
10
1
1
1
) I(t) = sin 10t ; A = (A); = 10 (/); = ().
2
2
5
1
) I(t) = 3 sin 30t ; A = 3(A); = 30 (/); =
().
15

) I(t) = 5 sin 20t ; A = 5(A); = 20 (/); =

108.
) U(t) = 220 cos t ; A = 220(); = 60 (/); =

1
().
30

1
().
15
1
) A = 360(); = 20 (/); =
().
10
2
) A = 180(); = 45 (/); =
().
45

)A = 110(); = 30 (/); =

StudyPort.ru
109.
) cos (-12.5) = cos (4 - 12.5);
cos 9 = cos (7 - 2); cos 4 = cos (2 - 4);
0 < 4 - 12.5 < 7 - 2 < 2 - 4 < 9 - 2 < ,
cos 9 < cos 4 < cos 7 < cos(-12.5),
.. y = cosx [0;]
) tg(-8) = tg(3 - 8);
tg 4 = tg (4 - ); tg 16 = tg (16 - 5);

< 16 - 5 < 4 - < 1.3 < 3 - 8 < ;


2
2


2 2

tg 16 < tg 4 < tg 1.3 < tg(-8), .. y = tgx ( ; ) .


) sin 6.7 = sin(6.7 - 2); sin 10.5 = sin(3 - 10.5);
sin(-7) = sin(2 -7); sin 20.5 = sin(7 - 20.5);

;
< 3 - 10.5 < 2 - 7 < 6.7 - 2 < 7 - 20.5 <
2

sin 10.5 < sin(-7) < sin 6.7 < sin 20.5,

2 2

.. y = sinx ( ; ) .
) ctg(-9) = ctg(4-9); ctg15 = ctg(15-3);
< 3.5 < 4 - 9 < 5 < 15 - 3 < 2,
ctg15 < ctg5 < ctg(-9) < ctg3.5, .. y = ctgx (;2).
64

110.

+ 2n, n Z .
2

x
x
3
) D(y): sin 2 cos 2 0; x [ + 2n;
+ 2n], n Z .
2
2
2
2
) D(y): cosx 1, .. x 2n, nZ.

) D(y):tgx + ctgx 0; sin2x > 0; x (n; + n), n Z .


2

) D(y): sin x 1, .. x

111.
) y = sin x 3 cos x = 2 sin( x
) y =

3
2

1 + tg x

); E(y) = [-2;2].
3

= 3 cos 2 x; cos x 0; E(y) = (0;3].

) y = 1 cos 4 x ; E(y) = [0; 2 ].


2

StudyPort.ru
) y =

1 + ctg 2 x

= 2 sin 2 x; sin x 0; E(y) = (0;2].

112.

) ; D(f) = R; E(f) = [-2;2];


4
=2;

f(x) = 0, x = + 2n, n Z ; f(0) = 2 ;


4
3

xmax = + 2n , n Z ; ymax =2; xmin =


+ 2k , k Z ; ymin =-2.
4
4

) f(x) = 2 cos( x +

) f(x) =

1
1 1
sin( x) ; D(f) = R; E(f) = [ ; ];
2
3
2 2

=2;
65


3
+ n, n Z ; f(0) =
;
3
4

5
1
1
xmax = + 2n, n Z ; ymax = ; xmin =
+ 2k , k Z ; ymin = .
2
2
6
6

f(x) = 0, x =

) ; D(f) = R / {
+ n, n Z }; E(f) = R;
4
4
f(-x) = -f(x) ;
=;

f(x) = 0, x = + n, n Z ;
4
f(0) = -1;
D(f);
max min .

) f(x) = tg ( x

StudyPort.ru

) f(x) = 1.5 cos( x) ;


6

3 3
2 2

D(f) = R; E(f) = [ ; ];
=2;

f(x) = 0, x = + n, n Z ;
3

f(0) =
66

3 3
;
4


+ 2n, n Z ; ymax =1.5;
6
5
xmin =
+ 2n, n Z ; ymin = -1.5.
6

xmax =

113.
) f(x) = sin(2 x

2
);
3

StudyPort.ru
D(f) = R; E(f) = [-1;1];
= ;
n
f(x) = 0, x = + , n Z ;
3

3
f(0) =
;
2
5
xmax =
+ n, n Z ; ymax = 1;
12

xmin = + n, n Z ; ymin = -1.


12

x
2

) f(x) = tg ( +

);
4

67

) 0 ; x + 2n, n Z ; E(f) = R;
4
4
= 2;

f(x) = 0, x = + 2k , k Z ; f(0) = 1;
2
D(f);
x
2

D(f) : sin( +

) ; D(f) = R; E(f) = [- 4;4];


3
= 6;

f(x) = 0, x = + 3k , k Z ; f(0) = 2;
2
xmax = + 6n, n Z ; ymax = 4;
xmin = 2 + 6k , k Z ; ymin = - 4.
x
3

) f(x) = 4 cos( +

StudyPort.ru
3
3 x) ;
4
n
3
D(f) : cos( 3x) 0 ; x
,n Z ;
+
4
12 3

) f(x) = tg (

E(f) = R;

;
3
n
f(x) = 0, x = + , n Z ; f(0) = -1;
4 3
68

D(f);
max min .

114.
2
(); = 5 (/); I = 15 sin 5t;
5
2
) = 90(); =
(); = 25 (/); U = 90 sin 25t;
25
6
5
5
) = 12(); = (); =
(/); I = 12 sin
t;
5
3
3
4
5
5
) = 100(); = (); =
(/); U = 100 sin
t.
5
2
2

) = 15(); =

StudyPort.ru

69

3
.
8. , .
116.
) y=x7 R, , x7 =3 ;
) y=

3
(-;1), E(y) = R \ {1},
x 1

3
= -5 ;
x 1

) y=x6 (-;0], E(y) = R+,


, x6 = 4 ;

5
(-2;+),
x+2
5

= 2 .
x+2

) y=

StudyPort.ru
117.
) (x-3) 3 = 4 R,
.. y = (x-3) 3 .


; ],
2 2
.. y = 2sinx .
) (x+2) 4 = 5 [-2;+),
.. y = (x+2) 4 .
1
) 0.5 cos x = [0;],
4
.. y = 0.5cosx .
118.
1

2
) sin t = ;
t= ;
;
) sin t =
2
2
4

) 2sinx = 1.5 [

70

t= ;
6

3
;
2

) sin t =

t= ;
3

) sin t = 1;

2
;
3

) cos t =

t=

;
2

119.
1
2

) cos t = ;

t=

3
;
2

t=

;
6

StudyPort.ru
) cos t =

2
;
2

t=

3
;
4

) cos t = 0;

t=

;
2

71

120.
) tgt = 1;

t= ;
4

) tgt = 3 ;

t=

;
3

;
6

) ctgt = 1;

t=

3
;
4

) ctgt = 3 ;

t=

StudyPort.ru
121.
) arcsin 0 = 0;

) arcsin(

3
)= ;
2
3

;
2

) arcsin(

2
)= .
2
4

) arcsin 1 =
122.

1
2

) arccos( ) =
) arccos(

72

2
;
3

) arccos(

)= ;
2
4

3
5
)=
; ) arccos1 = 0.
2
6

123.
) arctg (

1
3

)=

;
6

) arctg (1) = ;

) arctg 0 = 0;

) arctg 3 =

.
3

124.
) D(arcsinx) = [-1;1];

2
D(arcsinx).
3

.
) D(arccosx) = [-1;1]; arccos 5 ,
.. 5 D(arccosx).
) D(arcsinx) = [-1;1]; arcsin 1.5 .
) D(arccosx) = [-1;1]; arccos

2
.
3

125.
) arccos .
) arcsin (3 20) .

StudyPort.ru
) arccos ( 3) .

) arcsin

2
.
7

126.

) arcsin 0 + arccos 0 =
) arcsin(

;
2

) arcsin(

2
1
) + arccos = ;
2
2 12

3
3
3

) + arccos
= ; ) arcsin(1) + arccos
= .
2
2
2
2
3

127.
1
2

1
2

) arccos( ) + arcsin =
) arccos(

;
2

) arccos(

2
5
) arcsin( 1) =
;
2
4

3
2
3
3

arcsin
= .
) + arcsin(
) = ; ) arccos
2
2
2
2
2
12

128.
) arctg1 arctg 3 =

( )

;
12

;
2
1

) arctg
+ arctg 3 = .
2
3

) arctg1 arctg (1) =

) arctg 3 + arctg0 = ;

73

129.

1
1
3
3
= ; arcsin( ) < arctg
;
2
6
2
2
6
2
1
2
1

; arctg( 1) = ; arccos( ) > arctg(1);


).. arccos( ) =
2
3
4
2

).. arctg 3 = ; arcsin1 = ; arcsin1 > arctg 3 ;


3
2

).. arcsin( ) = ; arctg

).. arccos(

3
5
3
1
1
)=
; arcsin = ; arccos(
) > arcsin .
2
6
2
2 6
2

130.
) arcsin 0.3010 0.3057;
arctg 2.3 1.1607;
) arcsin 0.7801 0.8948;
arccos 0.8771 0.5010;

) arccos 0.6081 0.9171;


artg 0.3541 0.3403;
) arctg 10 1.4711;
arcsin 0.4303 0.4448.

131.

StudyPort.ru

3
) 2arcsin
+ arctg (-1) + arccos

) 3arcsin

1
+ 4arccos
2

2
2
=;
2
3

2 - arcctg (- 3 ) = 8 ;
2
3

3
) arctg (- 3 ) + arccos
+ arcsin 1 = ;

) arcsin (-1) -

3
1
arccos
+ arctg
2
2

3 = - 3 .
3
2

132.
) arcsin x1 = 1 arcsin x2 = 2 , sin 1 = x1, sin 2 = x2.

.. ; y = sin x , sin 1 < sin 2 ,


2 2
, arcsin x1 < arcsin x2;
) arccos x1 = 1 , arccos x2 = 2 , .. y = cos x
[0; ], arccos x1 > arccos x2.

74

133.
).. acrtg x1 = 1 ; arctg x2 = 2 , tg 1 = x1 tg 2 = x2.

; , arctg x1 < arctg x2;
2 2

.. y = tg x

).. arcctg x1 = 1 ; arcctg x2 = 2 , ctg 1 = x1 ctg 2 = x2,


.. y = ctg x (0; ), arcctg x1 > acctg x2.
134.

< 0,9 < 1, arcsin (-0,3) < arcsin


< arcsin 0,9;
6
6

) . 1< -0,7<-0,5< <1, arcsin (-0,7) < arcsin (-0,5) < arcsin ;
8
8

) . 1 < -0,3<

) . 1< -0,8<-0,2<0,4<1, arccos 0,4<arccos (-0,2)<arccos (-0,8);


) . 1<-0,6<

< 0,9 < 1, arccos 0,9 < arccos


< arccos (-0,6).
5
5

StudyPort.ru
135.
) . 5 < 0,7 < 100 y = arctg x R,
arctg (-5) < arctg 0,7 < arctg 100;
) . 5 < 1,2 < y = arcctg x R,
arcctg < arcctg 1,2 < arcctg (-5);
) . 95 < 3,4 < 17 y = arctg x R,
arctg (-95) < arctg 3,4 < arctg 17;
) . 7 < -2,5 < 1,4 y = arcctg x R,
arcctg 1,4 < arcctg (-2,5) < arcctg (-7).

9. .
136.
2

; x = + 2n , n Z;
4
2
2
1
) cos x = ; x =
+ 2n , n Z;
3
2

) cos x =

; x = + 2n , n Z;
6
2
) cos x = -1; x = + 2n , n Z.

) cos x =

75

137.
) 2cos x +
cos x = -

3 = 0;

3
;
2

2 cos x 1 = 0;

cos x =

5
+ 2n , n Z;
6
) 2cos x + 2 = 0;

x=

2
;
cos x = 2
3
x=
+ 2n , n Z;
4

x=

1
;
2

x = (-1)n + n , n Z;
6
1
) sin x = - ;
2
n+1
x = (-1)
+ n , n Z;
6

+ 2n , n Z;
4

) 2cos x -1 = 0;
cos x =
x=

138.

) sin x =

2
;
2

1
;
2

+ 2n , n Z.
3

) sin x = x = (-1)n+1

3
;
2

+ n , n Z;
3

StudyPort.ru
139.
) 2 sin x + 1 = 0;

2
;
2

x = (-1)n+1 + n , n Z;
4

sin x = -

) 2sin x 1 = 0;
1
;
2

x = (-1)n + n , n Z;
6

sin x =

140.

) tg x = x=
76

1
3

+ k , k Z;
6

) sin x = -1;
x=-

+ 2n , n Z.
2

) 2sin x +

3 = 0;

3
;
2

x = (-1)n+1 + n , n Z;
3
) 2sin x + 2 = 0;

sin x = -

2
;
2

x = (-1)n+1 + n , n Z.
4

sin x = -

) ctg x =
x=

3;

+ k , k Z;
6

) tg x = 1;

) tg x = 0;

x = + k , k Z;
4

x = k , k Z.

141.
) tg x +

3 = 0;

tg x = -

) ctg x + 1 = 0;

3;

x = + k , k Z;
3

ctg x = -1;

3 tg x 1 = 0;

tg x =
x=

3
;
3

x=

+ k , k Z;
4

3 ctg x 1 = 0;

ctg x =

+ k , k Z;
6

x=

3
;
3

+ k , k Z.
3

142.

StudyPort.ru
) sin 2x =
2x = (-1)k

2
;
2

+ k , k Z;
4

k
+
, k Z;
8 2
x
1
) sin
= ;
4
2
2

+ k , k Z;
x = 4 (1) k
3

x = (-1)k

x = (1) k

8
+ 4k , k Z;
3

x
1
=- ;
3
2
2

+ 2k , k Z;
x = 3
3

) cos

x = 2 + 6k , k Z;

) cos 4x = 0;
x=

+ k , k Z;
4 2

x=

k
+
, k Z.
8 4

143.
) sin x = -0,6;
x = (-1)k+1arcsin 0,6 + k , k Z;
) ctg x =2,5;
x = arcctg 0,4 + k , k Z;
) cos x = 0,3;
x = arccos 0,3 +2 k , k Z;
) tg x = -3,5;
x = -arctg (3,5) + k , k Z.
77

144.
x
3

) sin =
-

2
;
2

x
= (1) k + k , k Z;
4
3

x = (1)k +1

3
+ 3k , k Z;
4

) cos (-2x) = cos 2x = x=

) tg (-4x) =
tg 4x = -

3
n
x=- +
, n Z;
24 4
x
2

3
;
2

) ctg = 1;

3
;
2

5
+ n , n Z;
12

x
= - + k , k Z;
2
4

x = - + 2k , k Z.
2

145.

StudyPort.ru
x
2

) 2cos =

3;


x = + 4n , n Z;
3 3
x = 4n,

2
+ 4n, n z;
x =
3

x
3 tg + = 3;
3 3
1
x
tg + =
;
3
3
3

x = 3 n , n Z;

) 2sin 3x = - 2 ;

k
x=
, k Z;
+ ( 1) k +1 +
12
12 3

x
2

) sin + 1 = 0;
x=-

2
+ 4k , k Z.
3

146.

x
=
3 4

) cos 2 x = -1;

) 2sin

- 2x = + 2k , k Z;
6
7
x=
+ k , k Z;
12

x
= (-1)k + k , k Z;
4 3
3
4
4
x=
+ (-1)k
+ 4k , k Z;
3
3

78

3;

x
= -1;
4 2

3x =
4

) tg

) 2cos

x
= arctg 1 + n , n Z;
2 4

x = + 2n , n Z;

2;

= + 2n , n Z;
4
4
2n
x=
, n Z.
+
12 12
3
3x

147.
) sin 3x cos x cos 3x sin x =

3
;
2

3
;
2

n
x = (-1)n
+
, n Z;
6
2

sin 2x =

) sin 2x cos 2x = -

1
;
4

) sin2
cos

x
x
- cos2 = 1;
4
4

x
= -1;
2

x = 2 + 4n , n Z;
) sin

x
x
cos - cos sin =
;
3
5
3
5
2

StudyPort.ru
sin 4x = -

1
;
2

x = (-1)n

5
n
+
, n Z;
24
4

x
3 5
3
x=
+ (-1)k
5

sin - =

2
;
2

3
+ 3n , n Z.
4

148.

9
: 2cos 2x = -1, .. ;-1 ;
3
2

9
x
9
x=
: sin + = 1, .. ;1 ;
2
2 4
2

) x =

) : 2cos 2x = -1;
x=


+ n , n Z.
6 3

+ n;1 , n Z;
6 3

3
x
: sin + = -1; = - + 4n , n Z,
2
4
2

.. + 4n;1 , n Z;
2

..

79

) : 2cos 2x = 1; x =


+ k , k Z,
6 6

+ k ;1 , k Z;
6
6

..
x
2

: sin +

= 1; x = + 4n , n Z,
2
4

+ 4n;1 , n Z;
2

..
) :

2cos 2x = 0; x =

5 k
, k Z,
+
12 2
5 k
+
;0 , k Z;
2
12

..
:

StudyPort.ru
x
2

sin +

= 0; x = - + 2k , k Z,
4
2

+ 2k ;0 , k Z.
2

..

149.

2 x = ; x = + n , n Z;
3
2
6 6

) x =
;
3

2
4
) x =
; 0; ; ;
;
3
3
3
2
) x = ;
3

2
) x = ; 0; .
3
3
3

2) sin 2x + = -1; x = + k , k Z;
4
8

1) cos

80

5
3 5
3
3
; ) - ;
; ) - ; ) - .
8
8
8
8
8

150.
(0; ) y=ctg x . , (0; )
ctg t = a : arctg a ..
ctg t ,
: t = arctg a + n , n Z.

10.
151.

1
= ;
2
6
5
1
t2 =
; sin t > ,
6
2
5
t ; , t [0; ];
6 6

) t1 = arcsin

) t1 = -

2
; t2 = - ;
3
3

3
;
2
2
t ; , t [- ;0];
3
3

sin t

StudyPort.ru
) t1 =

3
; t2 =
;
4
4

sin t >

2
3
; t ; ,
2
4 4

t [0; ];

1
5
=; t2=- ;
2
6
6
1
5
sint<- ; t ; ,
2
6 6
t [- ;0 ].

) t1=- +arcsin

81

152.
) t1 = cos t >


; t2 = ; t ; ;
4
4
2 2
2

; t ; ,
2
4 4


; t2 = ; t ; ;
3
3
2 2
1

cos t > ; t ; ,
2
3 3

) t1 = -

2
4
3
; t2 =
; t ; ;
3
3
2 2
1
2 4
cos t < - ; t ; ,
2
3 3

) t1 =

) t1 =

5
7
3
; t2 =
; t ; .
6
6
2 2

StudyPort.ru
cos t < -

3
5 7
; t ; ,
2
6 6

153.


; ; ;
3
2 2

tg t > - 3 ; t ;
3 2

) t1 = -

82

) t1 =

1
; tg t <
;
6
3


2 6


; ;
2 2

t ;


3
; tg t >
;
6
3


t ; ; ;
2 2
6 2

) t =

; tg t < -1;
4


t ; ; .
2 4
2 2

) t = -

StudyPort.ru
154.
2

3
; x2 =
; sin x
;
4
4
2
3

x + 2k ; + 2k , k Z;
4
4

) x1 =

2
; x2 = - ; sin x<;
3
3
2

+ 2k ; + 2k , k Z;
x
3
3

) x1=

83


5
1
; x2 =
; sin x ;
6
2
6
5

x + 2k ; + 2k , k Z;
6
6

) x1 =

3
; x2= - ; sinx < ;
4
4
2

x + 2n; + 2n , n Z.
4
4

) x1= -

1
x
Px2

Px1

155.

StudyPort.ru
) x1 = -

2
2
2
1
2

; x2 =
; cos x ; x
+ 2k ;
+ 2k , k Z;
2
3
3
3
3

) x1 =

7
2

; x2 =
; cos x <
; x + 2n; + 2n , n Z;
4
4
4
4
2

) x1 = -

) x1 =

; x2 = ; cos x
; x + 2n; + 2n , n Z;
6
6
6
2
6

5
5
2
3
3

; x2 =
; cos x < ; x + 2n; + 2n , n Z.
4
4
4
4
2

156.
) x = arctg

3 =

; tg x 3 ; x + k ; + k , k Z;
3
3
2

= - ; tg x > - 1 ; x + k ; + k , k Z;
) x = arctg

= ; tg x
; x + k ; + k , k Z;
2
3
6
3
6

) x = arctg (-1) = - ; tg x < -1 x + k ; + k , k Z.


4
4
2

) x = arctg

84

157.
) 2cos x 1 0; cos x

1
;
2

+ 2 n ; x2 =
+ 2 n , n Z,
3
3

x + 2n; + 2n , n Z;
3
3

x1 = -

) 2sin x +

2 0; sin x

2
;
2

+ 2 n ; x2 =
+ 2 n , n Z,
4
4
5

x + 2n; + 2n , n Z;
4
4

x1 = -

) 2cos x -

3 0; cos x

3
;
2

StudyPort.ru
11

+ 2 n ; x2 =
+ 2 n , n Z,
6
6
11

+ 2n , n Z;
x + 2n;
6
6

x1 =

3
;
3

x = - + n ; x + n; + n , n Z.
2
6
6

) 3tg x +

3 0; tg x

158.

1
7

+ 2k ; + 2k , k Z;
; 2x
2
6
6

+ k ; + k , k Z;
x
12
12

) sin 2x <

3 x
x

>
; + 2k ; + 2k , k Z;
6
3
2 3 6

x + 6k ; + 6k , k Z;
2
2

) cos

) sin

3 x 2
x

+ 2k ; + 2k , k Z;
<;
3
2
2 2 3

85

2
4

+ 4k ;
+ 4k , k Z;
3
3

+ k ; + k , k Z;
4
2

) tg 5x > 1; 5x

k k
+
; +
, k Z.
20 5 10 5

x
159.

) 2cos 2x + 1; cos 2x +

1
;
2

x n; + n , n Z;
3

;
3 tg 3x + < 1; tg 3x + <
6
6
3

2 n n
+
; , n Z;
x
3 3
9

StudyPort.ru
x
x
2 sin + 1; sin +
2 4
2 4
x [4n; + 4n] , n Z;

) 2cos 4x >

2
;
2

;
3 ; cos 4x >
6
2

n n
; +
, n Z.
2 12 2

x
160.

1
1

- cos x sin
; sin x
;
6
6
2
2
6

x + 2k ; + 2k , k Z;
3

) sin x cos

2
2

cos x + cos
sin x < ; sin + x < ;
4
4
2
2
4

x + 2k ; + 2k , k Z;
2

) sin

) 4sin 2x cos 2x 2 ; sin 4x


86

2
;
2

k 3

x + ; + , k Z;
16 2 16 2

3
3

cos x sin x sin


<; cos x + < ;
8
8
8
2
2

25
17

+ 2k ;
+ 2k , k Z.
x
24
24

) cos

161.

) ctg x 2 ; x n; + n , n Z;

;
3 ctg 2 x > 1; ctg 2x < 4
3
4

11 n 5 n
+
; +
x
, n Z;
2 8
2
24

StudyPort.ru
) ctg 3x

3
n n
; x + ; + , n Z;
3
9 3 3 3

3
x
x
+ > - 3 ; ctg <
;
6
2
6
2
3

x + 2n; + 2n , n Z.
3

) 3ctg

162.
x
x
2
2; sin
;
3
4
4
2
2

x 4 arcsin + 8n;4 4 arcsin + 8n , n Z;


3
3

) 3sin

) 4cos

x
x
3
< -3; cos
<- ;
3
3
4
3
4

3
4

x 3 arccos + 6n;6 3 arccos + 6n , n Z;

3
) 5tg 2x 3; tg 2x ;
5
3 n
n 1
x + ; arctg + , n Z;
5 2
4 2 2

87

1
2
1
sin 4x < - ; sin 4x < - ;
2
5
5
2
7

arcsin
arcsin

n
n

5+
5+
, n Z.
;
x +
4
4
2
4
2

163.
) sin x ;

7
x ; ;

6 6 x ; 7 ;

6 6

x ; 3 ;

2 2

3
x
) cos
>
;
2
2


x ; ;

3 3 x ;0 ;

x ;0;
2

1
2

StudyPort.ru


x ; ;

4 2 x ; ;

4 4

x ; ;

2 4

) tg x -1;

) sin 2x <

2
;
2

5
; ;

x
8 8 x 0; .
8
x [0; ];

11.
.
164.
) 2sin2 x + sin x 1 = 0; t = sin x; 2t2 + t 1 = 0;

t = 1;
x = 2 + 2n, n z;
1
t = ;
x = (1) k + n, n z;
2

) 3sin2 x 5sin x 2 = 0; t = sin x; 3t2 5t 2 =0;


1
1

k +1
t = 3 ; x = (1) arcsin 3 + k , k z;
t = 2;
;

88

1
3

x = (-1)k+1arcsin + k , k z;
) 2sin2 x sin x 1 = 0; t = sin x; 2t2 t 1 = 0;

n +1
1

x = (1) 6 + n, n z;
t
=

2
t = 1;
x = + 2n, n z;

) 4sin2 x + 11sin x 3 = 0; t = sin x; 4t2 + 11t 3 = 0;


1
1

n
t = 4 ; x = (1) arcsin 4 + n, n z;
t = 3;
;

1
x = (-1)narcsin + n , n z.
4

165.
) 6cos2 x + cos x 1 = 0; t = cos x; 6t2 + t 1 = 0;

StudyPort.ru
2
1

x = 3 + 2n, n z;
t = 2 ;

1
x = arccos 1 + 2n, n z;
t = ;

3
3

) 2sin2 x + 3cos x = 0; 2cos2 x 3cos x 2 = 0; t = cos x;


2t2 3t 2 = 0;
2
1

t = 2 ; x = 3 + 2n, n z;
;
t = 2;

2
x=
+ 2n , n z;
3

) 4cos2 x 8cos x + 3 = 0; t = cos x; 4t2 8t + 3 = 0;

t = 2 ;
x = + 2n, n z;

3
;
t = 3 ;

x = + 2n , n z;
3

) 5sin2 x + 6cos x 6 = 0; 5cos2 x 6cos x + 1 = 0; t = cos x;


1
1

t = 5 ; x = arccos 5 + 2n, n z;
t = 1;
x = 2n, n z.

89

166.
) 2cos2x + sinx + 1 = 0; 2sin2x sinx 3 = 0; t = sinx;
2t2 t 3 = 0; t = 1; t = 1,5
1) sinx = 1; x =

+ 2n, n Z;
2

2) sinx = 1,5 .

+ 2n / n Z .
2

) cos2x + 3sinx = 3; sin2x 3sinx + 2= 0; t = sinx;


t2 3t + 2 = 0; t = 1, t = 2;
1) sinx = 1; x =

+ 2k, k Z;
2

2) sinx = 2 .

: + 2k / k Z .

) 4cosx = 4 sin2x; cos2x 4cosx + 3 = 0; t = cosx;


t2 4t + 3 = 0; t = 1, t = 3;
1) cosx = 1, x = 2k, k Z;
2) cosx = 3 .
: {2n/n Z}.
) 8sin2x + cosx + 1 = 0; 8cos2x cosx 9 = 0; t = cosx;

StudyPort.ru
9
8

8t2 t 9 = 0; t = 1, t = ;

1) cosx = 1, x = + 2n, n Z;
2) cosx =

9
;
8

: { + 2n/n Z}.
167.
1
3

) 3tg2x + tgx 1 = 0; tgx = t; 3t2 2t 1 = 0; t = 1, t = ;

+ k, k Z;
4
1
1
2) tgx = ; x = arctg + n, n Z;
3
3

1
: { + n/n Z; arctg + n/n Z}.
4
3

1) tgx = 1; x =

) tgx 2ctgx + 1 = 0; tg2x + tgx 2 = 0; tgx 0; tgx = t;


90

t2 + t 2 = 0; t = 2, t = 1;
1) tgx = 2, x = arctg(2) + n, n Z;
2) tgx = 1, x =

+ k, k Z.
4

: { arctg(2) + n/n Z;

+ k/k Z}.
4

168.
) 2cos2x +

3
= 0;
3 cosx = 0; 2cosx cos x +

cosx = 0 cosx =
1) cosx = 0, x =

3
;
2

+ k, k Z;
2

5
3
,x=
+ 2k, k Z;
2
6
5

+ 2k / k Z .
: + k / k Z ;
6
2

2) cosx =

StudyPort.ru
) 4cos2x 3 = 0; cos2x =
cosx =

3
;
4

3
3
cosx =
;
2
2

1) cosx =

3
5
,x=
+ 2n, n Z;
2
6

, x = + 2k, k Z;
2
6

: x = + n, n Z.
6

: + n / n Z .
6

2) cosx =

) 3 tg2x 3tgx = 0; 3 tgx(tgx 3 ) = 0; tgx = 0 tgx = 3 ;


1) tgx = 0, x = k, k Z;

+ k, k Z;
3

: {k/k Z; + k/k Z}.


3

2) tgx = 3 , x =

91

1
1
1
; sinx = sinx = ;
4
2
2
1
n+1
+ n, n Z;
1) sinx = , x = (1)
2
6
1

2) sinx = , x = (1)n + n, n Z;
2
6

: x = + n, n Z;
6

: { + n/n Z}.
6

) 4sin2x 1 = 0; sin2x =

169.
) 3sin2x + sinxcosx = 2cos2x; 3tg2x + tgx 2 = 0; tgx = t;
3t2 + t 2 = 0; t = 1; t =

2
;
3

+ n, n Z;
4
2
2
2) t = , x = arctg + n, n Z;
3
3
2

: + n / n Z ; arctg + n / n Z .
4
3

1) tgx = 1, x =

StudyPort.ru
) 2cos2x 3sinxcosx + sin2x = 0;
tg2x 3tgx + 2 = 0; tgx = t;
t2 3t + 2 = 0; t = 1, t = 2;
1) tgx = 1, x =

+ n, n Z;
4

2) tgx = 2, x = arctg2 + n, n Z;
: {

+ n/n Z; arctg2+ n/n Z}.


4

) 9sinxcosx 7cos2x = 2sin2x;


2tg2x 9tgx + 7 = 0; tgx = t;
2t2 9t + 7 = 0; t = 3,5; t = 1;
1) tgx = 3,5, x = arctg

7
+ n, n Z;
2

+ n, n Z;
4
7

: arctg + n / n Z ;
+ n / n Z .
2
4

2) tgx = 1, x =

92

) 2sin2x sinxcosx = cos2x; 2tg2x tgx 1 = 0; tgx = t;


2t2 t 1 = 0; t = 1, t =

1
;
2

+ k, k Z;
4
1
1
2) tgx = , x = arctg + n, n Z;
2
2

1) tgx = 1, x =

1
2

: + k / k Z ; arctg + n / n Z .

170.
) 4sin2x sin2x = 3;
sin2x 2sinxcosx 3cos2x=0;
tg2x 2tgx 3 = 0;
1) tgx = 1, x =

+ n, n Z;
4

StudyPort.ru
2) tgx = 3, x = arctg3+ k, k Z;

+ n / n Z ; arctg3 + k / k Z .
4

) cos2x = 2cosx 1; 1 + cos2x 2cosx = 0;


cosx(cosx 1) = 0; cosx = 0 cosx = 1;
1) cosx = 0, x =

+ k, k Z;
2

2) cosx = 1, x = 2n, n Z.

: + k / k Z ; 2n / n Z .

) sin2x cosx = 0; 2sinxcosx cosx = 0;


1
) = 0;
2
1
cosx = 0 sinx = ;
2

1) cosx = 0, x = + n, n Z;
2
1

2) sinx = , x = (1)k + k, k Z.
2
6

: + n / n Z ; 2n / n Z .
2

2cosx(sinx

93

) sin2x 4cos2x = 1; 2sinxcosx + 4cos2x cos2x sin2x = 0;


tg2x 2tgx 3 = 0;
).

+ n / n Z ; (-1)k + k / k Z .
6
4

171.
) 2sin2x = 3 sin2x; 2sin2x 2 3 sinxcosx = 0;
2tgx(tgx 3 ) = 0; tgx = 0 tgx = 3 ;
1) tgx = 0, x = n, n Z;

+ n, n Z;
3

: {n/n Z;
+ n/n Z}.
3

2) tgx = 3 , x =

3 tg2x 2tgx 3 = 0, tgx = t;


1
, t= 3;
3 t2 2t 3 = 0, t =
3
1

1) tgx =
, x = + k, k Z;
6
3

2) tgx = 3 , x =
+ k, k Z;
3

+ k / k Z .
: + k / k Z ;
3
6

3 tgx 3 ctgx = 2;

StudyPort.ru
) sinx + 3 cosx = 0; tgx = 3 ; x =

+ k, k Z;
3

+ k / k Z .
3

) tgx = 3ctgx; tg2x = 3; tgx = 3 tgx = 3 ;

+ n, n Z;
3

: + n / n Z .
3

x=

172.
) sin2x + 2cos2x = 1; 2sinxcosx + 2cos2x 2sin2x = cos2x + sin2x;
3tg2x 2tgx 1 = 0;
94

1
3

1
3

1) tgx = , x = arctg( )+ n, n Z;
2) tgx = 1, x =

+ k, k Z;
4

1
3

: arctg + n / n Z ;

+ k / k Z .
4

x
x
x 1
) sin4 cos4 = ; sin 2 cos 2
4
4 2
4
x
1
4
cos = ; x =
+ 4k;
2
2
3
4
: {
+ 4k/k Z}.
3

x 2 x
+ cos 2
sin
4
4

x 1
= ;
4 2

) 3sin2x + cos2x = 2cos2x; sin2x 6sinxcosx + cos2x = 0;


tg2x 6tgx + 1 = 0;
tgx = 3 2 2 tgx = 3 + 2 2 ;
1) tgx = 3 2 2 , x = arctg(3 2 2 ) + n, n Z;
2) tgx = 3 + 2 2 , x = arctg(3 + 2 2 ) + k, k Z;
: {arctg(3 2 2 ) + n/n Z; arctg(3 + 2 2 ) + k/k Z}.

StudyPort.ru
x
x
x
; 2sin (2sin 1) = 0;
2
2
2
x
x
sin = 0 sin = 1;
2
2
x
x
1) sin = 0, = n, x = 2n, n Z;
2
2
x
x
2) sin = 1, = + 2k, x = + 4k, k Z;
2
2 2

) 1 cosx = 2sin

: {2n/n Z; + 4k/k Z}.


173.
) sin4x + sin22x = 0; 2sin2xcos2x + sin22x = 0;
tg2x(2 + tg2x) = 0; tg2x = 0 tg2x = 2;
1) tg2x = 0; x =

n, n Z;
2

arctg2 + k, k Z;
2
2
1

: n / n Z ; arctg2 + k / k Z .
2
2
2

2) tg2x = 2, 2x = arctg(2) + k, x =

95

3
8
8
= 1 ; 5tgx + 8 = 3, tg x ; tgx = 1, tgx ;
5tgx + 8
5
5

tgx = 1, x =
: {

+ n, n Z;
4

+ n/n Z}.
4

5
1

= 2 ; 6sinx + 8 = 5; sinx = , x = (1)k+1 + k, k Z;


2
6
3 sin x + 4
k+1
: {(1)
+ k/k Z}.
6

x
2

x
2

) 1 sin2x = cos sin ; 1 sin2x = 1 sinx ;

1
1
2sinx( cosx) = 0; sinx = 0 cosx = ;
2
2

1) sinx = 0, x = k, k Z;

StudyPort.ru
1

, x = + 2k, k Z;
2
3

: {k/k Z; + 2k/k Z}.


3

2) cosx =

174.
) cos5x cos3x = 0; sinxsin4x = 0; sinx = 0 sin4x = 0;
1) sinx = 0, x = n, n Z;
2) sin4x = 0, 4x = k, x =
: {

k, k Z;
4

k/k Z}.
4

) sin7x sinx = cos4x; 2cos4x(sin3x


cos4x = 0 sin3x =

1
) = 0;
2

1
;
2


+ k, k Z;
8 4

1
2) sin3x = , x = (1)k + k, k Z;
2
18 3

: + k / k Z ; (1) k + k / k Z .
18 3
8 4

1) cos4x = 0, x =

96

)sin5x sinx = 0; 2sin2xcos3x = 0; sin2x = 0 cos3x = 0;

k, k Z;
2


2) cos3x = 0, 3x = + k, x = + k, k Z;
2
6 3

: k / k Z ;
+ k / k Z.
6 3
2

1) sin2x = 0, 2x = n, x =

) cos3x + cosx = 4cos2x; 2cos2x(cosx 2) = 0; cos2x = 0;


2x =
175.

+ k, x = + k, k Z; : + k / k Z .
2
4 2
4 2

x + y = ,

x = y,

)
cos x cos y = 1; cos x cos( x ) = 1;
cosx cos( x) = 1; 2cosx = 1; cosx =

; x = + 2n, n Z;
2
3

StudyPort.ru

y = + 3 2n =

y = 2n =
3

4
2n, n Z ;
3
2
2n, n Z ;
3

4
2

+ 2n;
2n ; + 2n;
2n / n Z .
3
3
3
3

x y = ,
)
2
cos 2 x + sin 2 y = 2;

os2(

x = + y,

cos 2 + y + sin 2 y = 2;

+y) + sin2y = 2; 2sin2y = 2; sin2y = 1;


2

siny = 1 siny = 1;

+ 2n, n Z y = + 2k, k Z;
2
2

y = + 2n, n Z, x = + 2n + = 2n, n Z;
2
2
2

y = + 2k, k Z, x = + 2k + = + 2k, k Z;
2
2
2

: {(2n; + 2n); ( + 2k; + 2k)/n,k Z}.


2
2

y=

97

x + y = ,

y = x,

)
sin x + sin y = 1; sin x + sin( x ) = 1;
sinx + sin( x) = 1; 2sinx = 1; sinx =

1
;
2

+ n, n Z;
6

y = (1)n + n = (1)n+1 (n 1), n Z;, n Z;


6
6
n
n+1
: {(1) + n; (1)
(n 1)/n Z}.
6
6

y = 2 x,
x + y = ,
)
2

sin 2 x sin 2 y = 2; sin 2 x sin 2 x = 1;

x = (1)n

x) = 1; sin2x cos2x = 1; cos2x =1;


2


2x = + 2n; x = + n, n Z; y = n = n, n Z; n Z;
2
2 2

: { + n; n/n Z}.
2

sin2x sin2(

StudyPort.ru
176.

sin x cos y = 0,
sin x = cos y
2
2
2
2
+
=
x
y
sin
sin
2
;

sin x + sin x = 2;

2sin2x = 2; sin2x = 1; sinx = 1, x = + 2n, n Z,


2

sinx = 1, x = + 2k, k Z,
2

sinx = 1, cosy = 1, y = 2k, k Z;


sinx = 1, cosy = 1, x = + 2n, n Z;

+ 2n; 2k); ( + 2k; + 2n)/n,k Z}.


2
2

x + y = , y = x,

4
4
)
1

1
tgxtgy = ; tgxtg x = ;
6

4
6

: {(

98


1
tgx tg( x) = ; tgx
4
6

tgx
1
4
= ;

6
1 tg tgx
4
tg

6tg2x 5tgx + 1 = 0; tgx = t; 6t2 5t + 1 = 0; t =

1
1
t = ;
3
2

1
1

1
arctg n, n Z;
3
3
4
3
1
1

1
2) t = , arctg + k, k Z y = arctg k, k Z;
2
2
4
2

: arctg + n, arctg n ;
3
4
3

1) t = , arctg + n, n Z y =

1
1

arctg + k , arctg k / n, k Z .
2
4
2

sin x + cos y = 1, sin x + cos y = 1,


) 2

2
sin x cos y = 1; (sin x + cos y )(sin x cos y ) = 1;

sin x + cos y = 1,
sin x cos y = 1;

StudyPort.ru

+ 2k, k Z;
2

2cosy = 0, cosy = 0, y = + n, n Z;
2

: + 2k ; + n; / n, k Z .
2

x y = 6 ,
x = y + ,
)

6
sin x cos y = 1 ; 2 sin x cos y = 1;

2sin(y + )cosy = 1; 2(sinycos + cosysin )cosy = 1;


6
6
6
1
2
2
2
siny = 0;
3 sinycosy + cos y = cos y + sin y; ctgy =
3

y = + k, k Z y = n, n Z;
3

x = + +k = +k, k Z x = +n, n Z.
6 3
2
6

: + k ; + k ; ; + n; n; / n, k Z .
3
6

2sinx = 2, sinx = 1, x =

99

II.
4.
12.
177.
) a = 15 ,
b = 20 , :
1) P = 2((a + a) + b) 2(a + b) = 2a = 20,11 = 0,22 ,
S = (a + a)b ab = ab = 0,1120 = 2,2 2;
2) P = 2(a + (b + b)) 2(a + b) = 2b = 20,2 = 0,4 ,
S = a(b + b) ab = ab = 150,2 = 3 2;
) S = (2 + 0,2)2 22 = 0,84 2 2,6 2,
S = (2 + R)2 22 = (4R + (R)2) = 4R + (R)2;
S = (2 + 0,1)2 22 = 0,41 2 1,29 2,
S = (2 + h)2 22 = 2h + h2;

StudyPort.ru
178.

) f(x0 + x) f(x0) =

1
;
19

) f(x0 + x) f(x0) = 2,32;

) f(x0 + x) f(x0) = 0,03;

) f(x0 + x) f(x0) = 0,205.

179.

) x = x x0 =

3 2
;

=
4
3 12

22 1
2
+ cos
= ;
3
4
3 12

f(x0 + x) f(x0) = f(x0) = cos2


) x = x x0 = 2,6 2,5 = 0,1;
2
f(x0 + x) f(x0) = f(x0) = ;
5
) x = x x0 =


=
;
3 4 12

f(x0 + x) f(x0) = f(x0) = tg

tg = 3 1 ;
3
4

1
1
) x = x x0 = ; f(x0 + x) f(x0) = f(x0) = .
8
10
180.
) f = f(x0 + x) f(x0) 1 3(x0 + x)2 1 + 3x02 = 6x0x 3(x)2;
) f(x0 + x) f(x0) = a(x0 + x) + b ax0 b = ax;
100

) f(x0 + x) f(x0) = 2(x0 + x)2 ax02 = 4x0x + 2(x)2;


) f(x0 + x) f(x0) =

x
.
x0 ( x0 + x )

181.
:
S (3) S (0)
S (5) S (3)

= 50
= 65
;
) V =
;
t
t

S (5,25) S (3,25)
S (8) S (0)

= 65
= 57,5
) V =
; ) V =
;
t
t

) V =

182.
) x = x(2,5) x(2) = 3,75
OX;
V =

x
3,75
=
= 7,5 ;
t 2,5 2

) x = x(8) x(7) = 3
OX;

StudyPort.ru
V =

x
= 3 ;
t

) x = x(5) x(4) = 3 + 125 52 3 124 + 42 = 3


OX;
V =

x
=3;
t

) x = x(8) x(6) = 3 + 128 82 3 126 + 62 = 4


OX;
V =

x
= 2 .
t

183.
) tg =

y y0
,
x x0

y = y0 + tg(x x0);
.(x0,y0) .(x,y,) .
y = 3 + tg(x 1);
tg = 1, x = 0: y = 3 + 1 = 4;
tg = 2, x = 0: y = 3 2 = 1;

101

) tg =
y=3+

1
, x = 3:
2

1
(3 1) = 3 + 1 = 4;
2

tg = 3, x = 0: y = 3 + 3 = 6;

StudyPort.ru
) tg = 3, x = 0: y = 3 3 = 0;
tg = 2, x = 0: y = 3 + 2 = 5;

102

) tg =

1
, x = 3: y = 3 1 = 2;
2

tg = 2, x = 0: y = 3 + 2 = 5;

184.
) k = tg =

y2 y1
f ( x2 ) f ( x1 ) 1
=
= > 0 ;
x2 x1
x2 x1
2

StudyPort.ru
) k =

f ( x2 ) f ( x1 )
3
= < 0 ;
x2 x1
2

) k =

f ( x2 ) f ( x1 ) 3
= > 0 ;
x2 x1
2

) k =

f ( x2 ) f ( x1 )
1
= < 0 ;
x2 x1
2

185.
S(x) = S(x + x) S(x) = 12xx + 6(x)2 = 6x(2x + x).
186.
) f = f(x0 + x) f(x0) =
= x03 3x02x 3x0(x)2 (x)3 + 3x0 + 3x + x03 3x0 =
= 3x02x 3x0(x)2 (x)3 + 3x;
f
= 3(1 x02) 3x0x (x)2;
x
1

) f(x0 + x) f(x0) =
=

( x0 + x ) 1

2 x0x (x ) 2
(( x0 + x) 2 1)( x02 1)

1
x02

2 x0x + (x ) 2
f
=
;
x
(( x0 + x )2 1)( x02 1)

103

) f(x0 + x) f(x0) = 3x02x + 3x0(x)2 + (x)3 2x =


= x(3x02 2) + 3x0(x)2 + (x)3;
f
= 3x02 2 + 3x0x + (x)2;
x

) f(x0 + x) f(x0) =
=

x02 + 1 ( x0 + x ) 2 1
(( x0 + x)

+ 1)( x02

+ 1)

2 x0x + (x) 2

(( x0 + x) 2 + 1)( x02 + 1)

2 x0 + x
f
=
.
x
(( x0 + x ) 2 + 1)( x02 + 1)

187.
) x(t0 + t) x(t0) = V0(t0 + t)

g
g
(t0 + t)2 V0t0 + t02 =
2
2

g
(t)2;
2
x(t + t ) x (t 0 )
g
= V0 gt 0 t ;
: V = 0
t
2

= V0t gt0t

StudyPort.ru
) x(t0 + t) x(t0) = a(t0 + t) + b at0 b = at;

at
= a ;
t
g
g
g
) x(t0 + t) x(t0) = (t0 + t)2 t02 = gt0t + (t)2;
2
2
2
g
gt0t + (t ) 2
g
2
= gt0 + t ;
: V =
t
2

: V =

) x(t0 + t) x(t0) = a(t0 + t) b at0 + b = at;


: V =

at
=a.
t

13.
188.
) f(x) = x2 2x 3
x0 = 0; k = 1 ; .x0 = 3; k = 2 .

104

) f(x) =

x2
+ 1
2

x0 = 2;k=1 ; .x0 = 1; k=2 .

StudyPort.ru
189.
k ; OX:
) k(x1) < 0, (x1) ;
k(x4) > 0, (x4) ;
. x2 x3 ;
) k(x1), k(x2), k(x3), k(x4) > 0;
(x1), (x2), (x3), (x4) ;
) k(x1) < 0, (x1) ;
k(x3), k(x4) > 0; (x3), (x4) ;
. x2 ;
) k(x1), k(x2), k(x3), k(x4) < 0;
(x1), (x2), (x3), (x4) .
105

190.
[a;b], [c,d]; [b;c], [d;e];
k(b) = 0, k(x2) < 0, k(c) = 0, k(x3) > 0, k(d) = 0, k(x1) > 0, k(x4) < 0.
191.
) f = f(x0 + x) f(x0) = 2(x0 + x)2 2x02 = 4x0x + 2(x)2 =
= 2x(2x0 + x);
2 x ( 2 x 0 + x )
f
= 2(2x0 + x);
=
x
x
f
x0 = 1,
= 2(2 + x);
x
f
x = 0,5,
= 2(2 + 0,5) = 5;
x
f
x = 0,1,
= 2(2 + 0,1) = 4,2;
x
f
x = 0,01,
= 2(2 + 0,01) = 4,02;
x

StudyPort.ru
) f = f(x0 + x) f(x0) = (x0 + x)2 x02 = 2x0x + (x)2 =
= x(2x0 + x);
f
= 2x0 + x;
x

f
f 5
= 2 + x; x = 0,5,
= ;
x
x 2
f
f
x = 0,1,
= 2,1; x = 0,01,
= 2,01;
x
x

x0 = 1,

192.
f
f
8x0 x0; x0 = 2,
16 x0;
x
x
f
x0 = 1,
8 x0;
x
f
f
)
3x02 x0; x0 = 1,
3 x0;
x
x
f
x0 = 21,
1323 x0;
x
f
f
)
3x0 x0; x0 = 4,
12 x0;
x
x
f
x0 = 1,
3 x0;
x

106

f
2x0 x0;
x
f
x0 = 1,
2 x0;
x
f
x0 = 2,
4 x0;
x

193.
) f(x) = (x3) = 3x2; f(x0) = 3x02;
f(2) = 34 = 12, f(1,5) = 32,25 = 6,75;
) f(x) = (4 2x) = 2; f(x0) = 2; f(0,5) = f(3) = 2;
) f(x) = (3x 2) = 3; f(x0) = 3; f(5) = f(2) = 3;
) f(x) = (x2) = 2x; f(x0) = 2x0; f(2,5) = 22,5 = 5, f(1) = 2(1) = 2;
194.
)

f
f ( x0 + x) f ( x0 ) ( x0 x) 2 3( x0 + x ) x02 + 3 x0
=
=
=
x
x
x

StudyPort.ru
2 x0x + ( x) 2 3x
= 2 x0 + x 3 ;
x
f
2x0 3 x0, .. f(x0) = 2x0 3;
x

f(1) = 2 3 = 5; f(2) = 22 3 = 1;
)

f
2( x0 + x ) 2 2 x03 6 x02x + 6 x0 (x ) 2 + (x )3
=
=
=
x
x
x

= 6 x02 + 6 x0 x + ( x ) 2 ;
f
6x02 x0, .. f(x0) = 6x02; f(0) = 0; f(1) = 6;
x
x
1 1
1
1
f
=
=
)
=
;
x x x0 + x x0
x( x0 + x) x0
x0 ( x0 + x)
1
1
f
1
2 x0, .. f(x0) = 2 ; f(2) = ; f(1) = 1;
x
4
x0
x0

2 x0 x (x) 2
f
4 ( x0 + x )2 4 + x02
=
=
= 2 x 0 x ;
x
x
x

f
2x0 x0, .. f(x0) = 2x0;
x

f(3) = 23 = 6; f(0) = 0;
107

195.
k=

f ( x0 + x) f ( x0 ) ( x0 + x ) 2 x02
=
= 2x0 + x;
x
x

, k=2x0 . (x0;x02) , :
x02 = 2x0x0 + b = x02 2x02 = x02;
y =2x0x0 x02 y = x2b
x0;
) x0 = 1; y = 2x 1;
) x0 = 3; y = 23x 32 = 6x 9;
2
) x0 = 2; y = 22x 22 = 4x 4;
) x0 = 0; y = 20x 0 = 0;
196.
) V(t) =

(t0 + t )2 + 8(t0 + t ) + t02 8t0


= 2t0 t + 8 ;
t

:
V 2t0 + 8 t0;
V(t0) = 2t0 + 8; V(6) = 4;

3(t0 + t )3 + 2 3t03 2
= 9t02 + 9t0t + 3(t ) 2 ;
t

StudyPort.ru
) V(t) =

V 9t02 t0;
V(t0) = 9t02 ; V(2) = 36;

) V(t) =

t0
2

V(t0) =

x(t0 + t ) x(t0 ) (t0 + t ) 2 t02 2t0 + t


;
=
=
t
4t
4

t0;

t0
; V(4) = 2;
2

) V(t) =

x(t0 + t ) x(t0 ) 5(t0 + t ) 3 5t0 + 3


=
=5;
t
t

V = V = 5 t0.

14.

197.
) . x1, x2, x3;
) . x1 x3; . x2 ;
) . x1, x2; . x3 ;
) . x1, x2, x3;
108

198.
x 1, x 1,
2
1 x , x > 1;

) f(x) =

. x = 1.

x < 0,
4,
2
4 x , x 0;

) f(x) =

StudyPort.ru
2 x, x 1,
2 x 1, x > 0;

) f(x) =

x + 2, x < 1,

x 1;
x ,

) f(x) = 1

x = 1.

109

199.
) f(x) = x3 4x = x(x 2)(x + 2);
f(x) (; +);
) f(x) =

x
;
x 1

f1(x) = x (0; +), [2;+);


f2(x) = x 1 (;+), [2;+).
f2(x) = 0 x = 1 [2;+), ,
f(x) =

f1 ( x)
[2;+);
f 2 ( x)

) f(x) = x2 + 2x 1,
f1(x) = x2 = xx R,
, [10;20]; f2(x) = 2x 1
R, , [10;20], , f(x) = f1(x) + f2(x)
[10;20];
) f(x) = 5x x ;
f1(x) = 5x R, R+;
f2(x) = x R+, , f(x) = f1(x) f2(x)
R+.

StudyPort.ru
200.
) f(x) = x2 3x +4 = f1(x) + f2(x),
f1(x) = x2, f2(x) = 4 3x ;
x0, f1(x) = x20 f2(x) = 4 3x4, f(x)4;
x2, f1(x)4 f2(x) 2, f(x)2;
) f(x) =

x
2

x +1

= f1 ( x) f 2 ( x ) , f1(x) = x, f2(x) =

x R;

1
2

x +1

1
1
, f(x) ;
2
2
1
4
x4, f1(x)4 f2(x) , f(x) ;
17
17
x
) f(x) = 4 , x R;
2

x1, f1(x)1 f2(x)

x 2, f(x)5; x0, f(x)4;


) f(x) = 4x

x
x2
= f1 ( x) f 2 ( x ) , f1(x) = x, f2(x) = 4
4
4

x R;
110

x 1, f1(x) 1 f2(x)4,25, f(x) 4,25;


x4, f1(x)4 f2(x)3, f(x)12;
201.
) 3f(x)g(x) 31(2) = 6;
)

f ( x) g ( x) 1 (2)

= 3 ;
f ( x) + g ( x)
1 2

) 4f(x) g(x) 41 (2) = 6;


) (3 g(x))f(x) (3 (2))1 = 5.
202.
)

f ( x)

( g ( x )) 2

3
( 0,5) 2

= 12 ;

) (f(x) g(x)2 (3 (0,5))2 = 12,25;


) (f(x))2 + 2g(x) 32 + 2(0,5) = 8;
)

( g ( x )) 2
(0,5) 2

= 0,25 .
f ( x) 2
32

StudyPort.ru
203.

) f(x) =

x 2 + 3x + 3
;
x3

f1(x) = x2 + 3x + 2 x4
f2(x) = x 3 x4

f1(x)42 + 34 + 2 = 30;
f2(x)4 3 = 1;

x4

f(x) =

) f(x) =

x 3 3x
x 2 2x + 7

f1 ( x )
30

= 30 ;
f 2 ( x)
1

x 1
x 1

f1(x) = x3 3x (1)3 3(1) = 2;


f2(x) = x2 2x + 7 (1)2 2(1) + 7 = 10;

x 1

f(x) =

) f(x) =

5 2x
;
2+ x

2 1
f1 ( x )

= ;
10 5
f 2 ( x)

x 2
x 2

f1(x) = 5 2x 5 22 = 1;
f2(x) = 2 + x 2 + 2 = 4;

x 2

f(x) =

f1 ( x )
1
;
f 2 ( x)
4

111

) f(x) =

x 2 9 x 2 9 ( x 3)( x + 3)
;
=
= x 3,
( x + 3)
x+3
x+3

.. f(x)=

x2 9
g(x)=x3 , x=3;
x+3

x 1 g(x) = x 3 1 3 = 4.

204.
H , h
, A , a
.
:
|A a| 0,01 ; |4A 4a| 40,01 ; |H h| 0,04 ;
, 0,04 .
205.
, 204. :
|H h| 0,03 ; |3A 3a| 30,01 ; |A a| 0,01 ;
0,01 .

StudyPort.ru
206.
K , k
, R , r
. :
K = 2R, k = 2r ; |K k| = |2R 2r| 0,06 ;
|R r|

0,03
|R r| 0,01 .

0,01 .
207.
) xa CC, .. f1 = C x;
f(x) A xa ,
xa Cf(x)CA;
) f(x)A xa , g(x)B xa ,
g(x) B xa f(x) g(x)A B xa;
) (f(x))2 (g(x))2 = (f(x) g(x))(f(x) + g(x));
xa
f(x) g(x) A B f(x) + g(x)A + B,
xa (f(x) g(x))(f(x) + g(x))(A B)(A + B) = A2 B2;
) (f(x))n = f(x)(f(x))n-1 = ... = 1
f ( x ) f ( x) ... f ( x) ;
44424443
n

xa f(x)a , xa
112

(f(x))n = 1
f ( x ) f ( x) ... f ( x) = 1
A 4
A2
...
A = An, n Z;
43
44424443
n

15.
208.
) f(x) = (x2 + x3) = 2x + 3x2;
) f(x) = (

1
x
1
+ 5x 2) = 2 + 5 = 2 + 5;
x
x
x

) f(x) = (x2 + 3x 1) = 2x + 3;

1
) f(x) = (x + x ) = (x ) + x 2

= 3x2 + 1 .

2 x

209.
) f(x) = (x3)(4 + 2x x2) + x3(4 + 2x x2) =
= 3x2(4 + 2x x2) + x3(2 2x) = 5x4 + 8x3 + 12x2;
) f(x) = ( x )(2x2 x) + x (2x2 x) =
3
1
=
(2x2 x) + x (4x 1) = 5x x
x;
2
2 x
) f(x) = (x2)(3x + x3) +x2(3x + x3) =
= 2x(3x + x3) + x2(3 + 3x2) = 9x2 + 5x4;
) f(x) = (2x 3)(1 x3) + (2x 3)(1 x3) =
= 2(1 x3) 3x2(2x 3) = 8x3 + 9x2 + 2.

StudyPort.ru
210.
) y(x) =
=

(3 5 x )2

2(3 5 x ) + 5(1 + 2 x )
(3 5 x )

) y(x) =
=

(1 + 2 x )(3 5 x) (1 + 2 x)(3 5 x)

11
(3 5 x ) 2

( x 2 )(2 x 1) x 2 (2 x 1)
(2 x 1) 2

2 x(2 x 1) x 2 2
(2 x 1)

) y(x) =

2 x ( x 1)
(2 x 1) 2

(3 x 2)(5 x + 8) (3 x 2)(5 x + 8)
(5 x + 8) 2

113

3(5 x + 8) 5(3 x 2)
(5 x + 8)

34
(5 x + 8) 2

(3 4 x) x 2 (3 4 x )( x 2 )

) y(x) =

( x 2 )2

4 x 2 2 x(3 4 x )

4 x2 6 x
x3

211.
) y(x) = (x8) 3(x4) x + 5 = 8x7 12x3 1;

1
+

2
x

1
3

( x ) =

) y(x) = ( x) 4
1

1
1
1 8
1
+ 8 x 3 + x 2 = + 3 +
;
3
2
3 x
2 x

) y(x) = (x7) 4(x5) + 2x 1 = 7x6 20x4 + 2;

StudyPort.ru
) y(x) =

1 2 1
1
9
x + 3 3 + 1 = 2 x 3 3x 4 = x 4 .
2
2
x
x

( )

212.
) f(x) = (x2) 3x = 2x 3;
1
2

f = 4;
f(2) = 1;

) f(x) = x 4
f(0,01) = 1
f(4) = 1

( x ) = 1
2
0,01

2
= 0;
2
1
x

1
x

; f

( 2 ) = 32 ;

( )

2
1
= 1 + 3 = 4;

3
(3 x)(2 + x) (3 x)(2 + x)

) f(x) =
114

= 19;

) f(x) = x =1 +
f

(2 + x)

5
(2 + x) 2

f(3) = 5; f(0) =

5
.
4

213.
) f(x) = 2(x2) x = 4x 1;
4x 1 = 0;
x = 0,25;
f(x) = 0 x = 0,25;
) f(x) =

2 3
(x ) + (x2) + 12 = 2x2 + 2x;
3

2x2 + 2x = 0;
x(1 x) = 0;
x = 0 x = 1;
f(x) = 0 x = 0; 1;
1
3

) f(x) = (x3) 1,5(x2) 4x = x2 3x 4;


x2 3x 4 = 0;
x = 1 x = 4;
f(x) = 0 x = 1; x =4;
) f(x) = 2x 5(x2) = 2 10x;
2 10x = 0; x = 0,2;
f(x) = 0 x = 0,2.

StudyPort.ru
214.
) f(x) = 4x 3(x2) = 4 6x;
f(x) < 0: 4 6x < 0;
x>

2
;
3

) f(x) = (x3) + 1,5(x2) = 3x2 + 3x = 3x(x +1);


f(x) < 0: 3x(x + 1) < 0; x (1; 0);
) f(x) = (x2) 5x = 2x 5;
f(x) <0: 2x 5 < 0; x (; 2,5);
1
3

) f(x) = 4x (x3) = 4 x2 = (2 x)(2 + x);


f(x) < 0: (2 x)(2 + x) < 0;
x (; 2) (2; +).
215.
) f(x) =

( x 3 3 x )(1 + 4 x 5 ) ( x 3 3 x )(1 + 4 x 5 )
(1 + 4 x 5 ) 2

115

(3 x 2 3)(1 + 4 x 5 ) ( x 3 3x ) 20 x 4

8 x 7 + 48 x 5 + 3 x 2 3

(1 + 4 x 5 ) 2
(1 + 4 x 5 ) 2

) f(x) = + x 2 2 x + + x 2 2 x =
x

1
3

=
= 2 + 2 x 2 x + + x 2
x
2 x
x

6
x

6
x

+ 4x +
+ 4x +

) f(x) =
=

3
x x
3
2x x

2x x

3
2x x

x x
=
2

5x x
;
2

(5 2 x 6 )(1 x 3 ) (5 2 x 6 )(1 x 3 )
(1 x 3 ) 2

12 x 5 (1 x 3 ) + 3 x 2 (5 2 x 6 )

12 x 5 + 6 x 8 + 15 x 2

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(1 x 3 ) 2

(1 x 3 ) 2

) f(x)=( x )(3x5 x)+ x (3x5 x) =


=

2 x

(3x5 x) + x (15x4 1) =

3
x (11x4 1).
2

216.

1
3

) f(x) = (x5) 3 (x3) + 5x = 5x4 10x2 + 5 = 5(x 1)2(x + 1)2;


f(x) = 0: 5(x 1)2(x + 1)2 = 0; x = 1 x = 1;
) f(x) = 2(x4) (x8) = 8x3 8x7 = 8x3(1 x2)(1 + x2) =
= 8x3(1 x)(1 + x)(1 + x2);
x = 1 x = 0 x = 1;
) f(x) = (x4) + 4x = 4x3 + 4 = 4(x + 1)(x2 x + 1);
f(x) = 0: 4(x + 1)(x2 x + 1) = 0; x = 1;
) f(x) = (x4) 12(x2) = 4x3 24x = 4x(x2 6) = 4x(x 6 )(x + 6 );
f(x) = 0: 4x(x 6 )(x + 6 )= 0; x = 6 x = 6 ;
217.
) f(x) = (x3) 6(x2) 63x = 3x2 12x 63 = 3(x2 4x 21);
f(x) < 0: x2 4x 21 < 0; (x + 3)(x 7) < 0; x (3; 7);
) f(x) = 3x 5(x2) + (x3) = 3 10x + 3x2;
116

1
3

1
3

f(x) < 0: 3 10x + 3x2 < 0; 3(x )(x 3) < 0; x ( ; 3);


) f(x) =

2 3
(x ) 8x = 2x2 8 = 2(x 2)(x + 2);
3

f(x) < 0: (x 2)(x + 2) < 0;


x (2; 2);
1
3

) f(x) = 3(x2) 9x (x3) = 6x 9 x2;


f(x) < 0: 6x 9 x2 < 0; x2 6x + 9 > 0;
x (; 3) (3; +).
218.
) g(x) = x2 + 3x + 10; g(x) = (x2) + 3x + 10 = 2x + 3;
) f(x) = 4x4 0,4x + 2; f(x) = (4x4) 0,4x + 2 = 16x3 0,4;
) h(x) = 4x2 2x; h(x) = 4(x2) 2x = 8x 2;
) (x) = 3x3

1
1
1
x + 1,5; (x) = 3(x3) x + 1,5 = 9x2 .
2
2
2

StudyPort.ru
219.

) . , f1(x) =
f1(x) =

, f2(x) =

1
1
f2(x) = .
x
x

. x0 = 0, ,
x
x2
. , (x) = f1(x) + f2(x)
1 1
= = 0 , 0, . x0R.
x x
) (x) = f1(x) + f2(x) . x0
f1(x) . x0, f2(x)
. (x0) = a, f1(x0) = b.
f2(x0) = (x0) f1(x0) = a b, .. f2(x)
. x0, , .. (x)
x0.
2

16.
220.
) h(x) = cos3x;

) h(x) = sin 2x ;
3

117


, g(y) = siny;
3

)h(x) = cos 3x + ;
4

y= f(x) = 3x + ; g(y) = cosy.


4

y= f(x) = 3x, g(y) = cosy;


) h(x) = tg
y = f(x) =

y= f(x) = 2x

x
;
2

x
; g(y) = tgy;
2

221.
) h(x) = (3 5x)5;

) h(x) = cos x ;
5

y = f(x) = 3 5x; g(y) = y ;

y = f(x) = cosx; g(y) =

) h(x) = (2x + 1)7;

) h(x) = tg

y = f(x) = 2x + 1; g(y) = y7;

y = f(x) =

y;

1
;
x

1
; g(y) = tgy.
x

222.

StudyPort.ru
) y = 9 x 2 ;

y 0: 9 x2 0;
(x 3)(x + 3) 0; 3 x 3;

) y = 0,25 x 2 ;
y 0: 0,25 x2 0;
(x 0,5)(x + 0,5) 0;
0,5 x 0,5;

) y =

;
x 2 7 x + 12
y > 0: x2 7x + 12 > 0;
(x 3)(x 4) > 0;
x < 3;
x > 4;

;
4x + 5 x 2
y > 0: 4x + 5 x2 > 0;
(x + 1)(x 5) < 0;
1 < x < 5.
) y =

223.
) y = cos x ;

y 0: cosx 0;

118

+ 2n x + 2n, n Z;
2
2

) y =

sin x
6

y 0: sin x 0;
6

x + k, k Z;
6

: + 2n; + 2n / n Z .
2
2

) y = sin x ;

) y = tg2x;

2x + n, n Z;
2

x + n, n Z;
4 2

y 0: sinx 0;
2k x + 2k, k Z.

224.
) f(x) = ((2x 7)8) = 8(2x 7)8-1(2x 7) = 16(2x 7)7;

1
= 3(5x + 1)-3-1(5x + 1) = 15
) f(x) =
;
3
(5 x + 1) 4
(5 x + 1)
) f(x) = ((9x + 5)4) = 4(9x + 5)4-1(9x + 5) = 36(9x + 5)3;

30
1

= 5(6x 1)5-1(6x 1) =
.
) f(x) =
5
(6 x 1) 6
(6 x 1)

StudyPort.ru
225.

9
91

x
x
x
9

;
) f(x) = 3
= 9 3
3 =
10

2
2
2

2 3
2

8
81

1
1

1
) f(x) = x 7 (1 2 x )4 = 8 x 7 x 7
4
4

4(1 2x)4-1(1 2x) = 2 x 7 + 8(1 2x)3;


4

) f(x) = ((4 1,5x)10) = 10(4 1,5x)10-1(4 1,5x) = 15(4 1,5x)9;


) f(x) = ((5x 2)13 (4x + 7)-6) = 13(5x 2)13-1(5x 2) +
24
+ 6(4x + 7)-6-1(4x + 7) = 65(5x 2)12 +
.
( 4 x + 7) 7
226.
) y = 1 2 cos x ;
y 0: 1 2cosx 0; cosx

1
;
2
119

1
1
+ 2n x 2 arccos + 2n;
2
2
5

+ 2n x
+ 2n, n Z;
3
3
4
) y =
1 ;
x2
4
y 0: 2 1 0;
x
x 2 4 0, ( x 2)( x + 2) 0, 2 x 2,
x [2; 0) (0; 2];

x 0;
x 0;
x 0;

arccos

) y = sin x 0,5 ;
y 0: sinx 0,5 0; sinx 0,5;
5

+ 2k x
+ 2k, k Z;
6
6
1
+1 ;
) y =
x
1
x +1
+ 1 0;
y 0:
0;
x
x
x 1;
x( x + 1) 0;

x 0; x (; 1] (0; +).
x 0;
x 0.

227.
) h(x) = f(g(x)) = 3 2x2;
) h(x) = g(p(x)) = sin2x;
) h(x) = g(f(x)) = (3 2x)2;
)h(x) = p(f(x)) = sin(3 2x).
228.
1
) h(x) = f(g(x)) =
;
cos x 1
cosx 1 0;
x 2k, k Z;
D(h) = R\{2k/k Z};
1
;
) h(x) = f(p(x)) =
x 1

StudyPort.ru

120

x 0,
x 0;
D(h) = [0; 1) [1; +);

x 1 0, x 1;
) h(x) = p(f(x)) = cos x ;
cosx 0;

+ 2n x + 2n, n Z ;
2
2

D(h) = + 2n; + 2n / n Z ;
2
2

1
;
) h(x) = p(f(x)) =
x 1
x 1 > 0; x > 1;
D(h) = (1; +).
229.

StudyPort.ru
) f(x) =

1
1
x, g(x) = 2x; f(g(x)) = (2x) = x;
2
2

) f(x) = x2; g(x) = x , x 0. f(g(x)) = ( x )2 = x;


1
2
) f(x) = x ; g(x) = 3x + 2; f(g(x)) = x 2 + 1 1 = |x| = x
3
3
x 0.

230.
) f(x)=17(x3 2x2 +3)17-1(x3 2x2 + 3) = 17(x3 2x2 + 3)16(3x2 4x) =
= 17x(x3 2x2 + 3)16(3x 4);
1
1 1
4 1
4
) f(x) = 1 x 4 + 2
= 1 x 2 1 x =

x +3 2

= (x2 + 3)-2(x2 + 3) =
) f(x) =

1
4x 2 + 5
2

1
1
2

2x3
1 x4

) (4 x

) (

2x
( x + 3) 2

+5 =

4x
4x 2 + 5

1
1
) f(x) = 5(3 x3)5-1(3 x3) + (2 x 7) 2 (2 x 7) =
2
1
.
= 15x2(3 x3)4 +
2x 7

121

17.
231.
) y(x) = 2cosx;

) y(x) =

) y(x) = 0,5cosx;

) y(x) =

232.
) y(x) = 3sinx;

1
cosx;
2

3
cosx.
2

) y(x) = 1 2sinx;
3
) y(x) = 2cosx sinx.
2

) y(x) = sinx;
233.
) y(x) =

3
2

cos x
1

) y(x) = sinx

1
cos 2 x

StudyPort.ru
) y(x) =

2 cos x

) y(x) =

cos 2 x

cosx.

234.

1
1
(cos(2x )) = (sin2x)2 = sin2x;
2
2
f(x) = f() = 0;
2
) f(x) = x + (tgx) = 1 +
;
cos 2 2 x
2
f(0) = f() = 1 + = 3;
1

x
x
x
x

1
)f(x) = 3 sin = 3 cos = 3 sin = sin ;
3
3
3

3
3 2
) f(x) =

f(0) = 0; f() = sin

;
=
3
2

x
x
x

1
) f(x) = 2 cos = 2 sin = sin ;
2
2
2

f(0) = 0; f() = sin = 1.


2

122

235.
1
1
x + (cosx) = sinx;
2
2
1
f(x) = 0: sinx = 0;
2

x = (1)k + k, k Z;
6
1
) f(x) = x (tgx) = 1
;
cos 2 x
1
f(x) = 0: 1
= 0;
cos 2 x
cosx = 1 cosx = 1;
x = + 2n, n Z x = 2k, k Z;
) f(x) = 2(sinx) 1 = 2cosx;
f(x) = 0: cosx = 0;

x = + n, n Z;
2
) f(x) = x (cosx) = 1 + sinx;
f(x) = 0: 1 + sinx = 0;

x = + n, n Z.
2
) f(x) =

StudyPort.ru
236.
) f(x) = 3x2sin2x + 2x3cos2x;
2
)f(x) = 4x3 +
;
cos 2 2 x
(cos 3 x) x cos 3 x x 3 x sin 3x cos 3x
=
) f(x) =
;
x2
x2
x sin x x(sin x) sin x x cos x
=
.
) f(x) =
sin 2 x
sin 2 x

237.
) f(x) = 2sinx(sinx) = 2sinxcosx = sin2x;
1
1
4(cos 2 x sin 2 x) 4 cos 2 x
;
) f(x) =

=
=
cos 2 x sin 2 x
(2 cos x sin x) 2
sin 2 2 x
) f(x) = 2cosx(cosx) = 2cosxsinx = sin2x;
) f(x) = (sin2x + cos2x) = 0.
123

238.
) f(x) = (cos2xsinx + sin2xcosx) = 3cos3x;

) f(x) = cos 2

1
x
x
x
sin 2 = sin ;
4
4
2
2

) f(x) = (sin5xsin3x + cos5xsin3x) = 2sin2x;


) f(x) = (sin3xcos3x) = 3cos6x.
239.
) f(x) = 2(sin2x) 2 x = 2sin2x 2 ;
f(x) = 0: 2sin2x 2 = 0;
2


+ k; x = (1)k + k, k Z; f(x) > 0: sin2x >
;
4
8 2
2
3
3

+ 2n < 2x <
+ 2n; + n < x <
+ n, n Z;
4
4
8
8
) f(x) = 2x + (cos(4x )) = 2 (cos4x) = 2 + 4sin4x;
f(x) = 0: 2 + 4sin4x = 0;


+ k, k Z;
4x = (1)k+1 + k; x = (1)k+1
6
24 4
1
f(x) > 0: sin4x > ;
2
7
7


+ 2n;
+ n<x<
+ n, n Z;
+ 2n < 4x <
6
6
24 2
24 2
) f(x) = (cos2x) = 2sin2x; f(x) = 0: 2sin2x = 0;

2x = n; x = n, n Z; f(x) > 0: 2sin2x > 0;


2

+ 2k < 2x < 2k; + k < x < k, k Z;


2
) f(x) = (sin2x) 3 x = 2cos2x 3 ; f(x) = 0: 2cos2x 3 = 0;
2x = (1)k

StudyPort.ru
3

+ 2k; x = + k, k Z; f(x) > 0: cos2x >


;
6
12
2

+ 2n < 2x < + 2n; + n < x < + n, n Z.


6
6
12
12
2x =

240.
) f(x) = x + cosx + 5;
) f(x) = 20 sinx;
124

) f(x) = sin2x + 1;
) f(x) = 2 3cosx.

5.

18.
241.
) f(x) = x4 x + 1;
f(x) = 4x3 1, D(f) = R R,
. x1 = 0 x2 = 1.
x 1;
x + 1,
) f(x) = 2
x x, x > 1.
f(x1 = 0) = 20 1 = 1 . x1 = 0 , ,
.
f(x2 + x)2 x > 0 x0;
f(x2 + x)2 x < 0 x0,
. x2 = 1 .
1 x 2 ,
x < 0;
) f(x) =
5 2 x, x 0.

StudyPort.ru
f(x) = 2(1) = 2 . x2 = 1.
f(x1 + x)5 x > 0 x0;
f(x1 + x)1 x < 0 x0,
, f(x) . x1 = 0 .
) f(x) = 2x x2 + x3;
f(x) = 2 2x + 3x2 , D(f) = R x R,
. x1 = 0 x2 = 1.

242.
) f(x) = x3 2x2;
f(x) = 3x2 4x, D(f) = R f(x) x R;
x 3 + 27
;
) f(x) =
3x + x 2
D(f) = (; 3) (3; 0) (0; +);
.. x (; 3), x (3; 0), x (0; +);
) f(x) = 2x4 3x2 + 4;
f(x) = 8x3 6x, D(f) = R f(x) x R;
x 2 5x + 6
;
) f(x) =
x3 8
D(f) = (; 2) (2; +); .. x (; 2), x (2; +).
125

243.
) f(x) = 1,4 10x2 x3 [0, 1] f(0) = 1,4 > 0,
f(1) = 9,6 < 0 f(x) [0; 1] ;
f(0,2) = 0,992 > 0, f(0,4) = 0,264 < 0 x0 [0,2; 0,4],
x0 0,3 0,1;
) f(x) = 1 + 2x2 100x4 [0, 1] f(0) = 1 > 0,
f(1) = 97 < 0 f(x) [0; 1] ;
f(0,3) = 0,37 > 0, f(0,5) = 4,75 < 0 x0 [0,3; 0,5],
x0 0,4 0,1;
) f(x) = x3 5x + 3 [0, 1] f(0) = 3 > 0,
f(1) = 1 < 0 f(x) [0; 1] ;
f(0,6) = 0,216 > 0, f(0,8) = 0,488 < 0 x0 [0,6; 0,8],
x0 0,7 0,1;
) f(x) = x4 + 2x 0,5 [0, 1] f(0) = 0,5 < 0,
f(1) = 2,5 > 0 f(x) [0; 1] ;
f(0,2) = 0,0984 < 0, f(0,4) = 0,3256 > 0 x0 [0,2; 0,4],
x0 0,3 0,1.

StudyPort.ru
244.
) x2 5x + 4 > 0;
(x 4)(x 1) > 0;

: (; 1) (4; +).
x+3
) 2
0;
x + 4x 5
x+3
0;
( x + 5)( x 1)

+
3

: (5; 3] (1; +).


) x2 3x 4 0;
(x + 1)(x 4) 0;

+
1
: [1; 4].
126

+
4

x2 7x + 6
<0;
x2
( x 1)( x 6)
<0;
x2

+
1

: (; 1) (2; 6).
245.
)

( x 2)( x 4)
x 2 + 2x 3

0;

( x 2)( x 4)
0;
( x 1)( x + 3)

StudyPort.ru
3

: (; 3) (1; 2] [4; +).


8
<1;
) 2
x 6x + 8
x 2 6x
>0;
x 2 6x + 8
x ( x 6)
>0;
( x 2)( x 4)

+
0

21

: (; 0) (2; 4) (6; +).


2x 2 + 5x
) 2
1;
x + 5x + 4
( x 2)( x + 2)
0;
( x + 1)( x + 4)

2
1
2
4
: (; 4) [2; 1) [2; +).

+
x

127

x 2 2x 3
<0;
( x + 3)( x 4)

( x + 1)( x 3)
< 0;
( x + 3)( x 4)

+
x

: (3; 1) (3; 4).


246.
) f(x) = x

4
;
x3

4
0;
x 3
( x + 1)( x 4)
0;
x 3

StudyPort.ru

D(f) = [1; 3) [4; +).


) f(x) =
3
2

x 4

+1 ;

x 4

+1 0 ;

( x 1)( x + 1)
0;
( x 2)( x + 2)

+
2

+
1

D(f) = (; 2) [1; 1] (2; +).


) f(x) =

x 2 + 7 x + 12
;
x

x 2 + 7 x + 12
0;
x
128

+
2

( x + 3)( x + 4)
0;
x

+
4

D(f) = [4; 3] (0; +).


8
;
) f(x) = 1 2
x 1
8
1 2
0;
x 1
( x 3)( x + 3)
0;
( x 1)( x + 1)

+
3

+
1

+
3

D(f) = (; 3] (1; 1) [3; +).

StudyPort.ru
247.

x < 4,
4 x,
) f(x) =
2
( x m) , x 4;
, f(x) R m,
x = 4; . x = 4:
f(4 x) = f(4 + x) x0 x > 0;
f(4 x) = x, f(4 + x) = (4 + x m)2 x0;
(4 m)2 = 0, m = 4;
x 2 3x

.
x2 m
f(x) -,
R, D(f)=R; x2m0 x,
m< 0;
3 x 2 + m, x 0,
) f(x) =
x + 2,
x > 0;
.x = 0:
f(0 x) = f(0 + x) x0 x > 0;
f(0 x) = 3(x2) + m, f(0 + x) = 2 + x x0;
30 + m = 2 + 0, m = 2;
) f(x) =

129

5 x

) f(x) =

x4 + m

, D(f) = R, x4+m 0 x, .. m > 0.

248.
) x4 10x2 + 9 0;
(x2 9)(x2 + 1) 0;
(x 3)(x + 3)(x 1)(x + 1) 0;

+
3

+
x

x [3; 1] [1; 3];


) x4 8 7x2;
(x2 8)(x2 + 1) 0;
(x 2 2 )(x + 2 2 )(x2 + 1) 0;

StudyPort.ru
2

2 2

x [; 2 2 ] [2 2 ; +);
) x4 5x2 + 6 > 0;
(x2 2)(x2 3) > 0;
(x 2 )(x + 2 )(x 3 )(x + 3 ) > 0;

1 2

x (; 3 ) ( 2 ; 2 ) ( 3 ; +);
) 5x2 4 > x4;
(x2 1)(x2 4) < 0;
(x 1)(x + 1)(x 2)(x + 2) < 0;

+
+

1
2
x (2; 1) (1; 2).

249.
) (x2 1)(x + 4)(x3 8) 0;
(x 1)(x + 1)(x + 4)(x 2)(x2 + 2x + 4) 0;

130

+
2

x [4; 1] [1; 2];


x 2 4 (x 3) < 0;

x 2 4 > 0; ( x 2)( x + 2) > 0;

x 3 < 0;
x 3 < 0;

x (; 2) (2; 3);
) x2(3 x)(x + 2) > 0;
x2(x 3)(x + 2) < 0;

+
x

2
0
x (2; 0) (0; 3);

StudyPort.ru
)

( x 2) 3 ( x + 5)
( x + 3) 2

0;

x (; 5] [2; +);
250.
) f(x) = 9 x x 2 ;
9x x2 0;
x(x 9) 0;

+
0

+
9

D(f) = [0; 9].


) f(x) = x 2
x2

8
0;
x

8
;
x

( x 2)( x 2 + 2 x + 4)
0;
x

131

D(f) = (; 0) [2; +).


) f(x) = 16 x x 3 ;
16x x3 0;
x(x 4)(x + 4) 0;

+
4

+
x

D(f) = (; 4] [0; 4].


) f(x) = 1
1

27

27
x3

0;

StudyPort.ru
x3

( x 3)( x 2 + 3 x + 9)
x3

0;

D(f) = (; 0) [3; +).

19.
251.
1) :
) . B . D;
) . B, . C . D;
) . A, . C . E;
) . A, . C . E;
2) :
) . A . E;
) . E;
) . B . F;
) . D;
3) :
) . C;
) . A;
) . D ;
) . B . F.
132

252.
1) :
) x = b x = d;
) k = b k = d;
) x = a, x = b x = d;
) x = b x = d.
2) :
) x = c; ) x = a x = e;
) x = e; ) x = c.
3) :
) x = e; ) x = c;
) x = c; ) x = a x = e.
253.
1
3

) f(x) = (x2) = 2x;

) f(x) = (x3) x = x2 1;

tg = f(3) = 2(3) = 6;
) f(x) = (x3) = 3x2;
tg = f(1) = 3(1)2 = 3;

tg = f(2) = 22 1 = 3;
) f(x) = (x2) + 2x = 2x + 2;
tg = f(1) = 2(1 + 1) = 4.

StudyPort.ru
254.

) f(x) = 2(cosx) = 2sinx;

tg = f = 2sin

= 2;
2

) f(x) = 1 + (sinx) = cosx;


tg = f() = cos = 1;

255.
1
x

) f(x) = 3 =
y =

3
x2

) f(x) = (tgx) =

tg = f() =

cos 2 x

cos 2

= 1;

) f(x) = (cosx) = sinx;


tg = f() =sin() = 0.

3
3
+ ( x x0 ) 2
x
x0
0

3
x0:
x
3
x0 = 1: y =
3(x + 1) = 3x 6;
1
3
x0 = 1: y = 3(x 1) = 3x + 6;
1

f(x) =

133

) f(x) = 2x (x2) = 2 2x;


y = 2x0 x02 + 2(1 x0)(x x0)
x0:
x0 = 0: y = 2(1 0)(x 0) = 2x;
x0 = 2: y = 22 22 + 2(1 2)(x 2) = 2x + 4;
) f(x) = (x2) + 1 = 2x;
y = 1 + x02 + 2x0(x x0)
x0:
x0 = 0: y = 1 + 0 + 20(x 0) = 1;
x0 = 1: y = 1 + 1 + 21(x 1) = 2x;
) f(x) = (x3) 1 = 3x2;
y = x03 1 + 3x02(x x0)
x0:
x0 = 1: y = (1)3 1 + 3(x + 1) = 3x + 1;
x0 = 2: y = 23 1 + 322(x 2) = 12x 7.
256.
) f(x) = 3(sinx) = 3cosx;
y = 3sinx0 + 3cosx0(x x0)
x0:

StudyPort.ru
x0 =

: y = 3sin + 3cos (x ) = 3;
2
2
2
2

x0 = : y = 3sin + 3cos(x ) = 3x + 3;
1

) f(x) = (tgx) =
y = tg(x0) +

cos 2 x

1
cos 2 x0

(x x0)

x0:
x0 =

:
4

(x ) = 1 + 2(x ) = 2x + 1 ;

4
4
2
cos 2
4

x0 = :
3
1

4
y = tg +
(x ) = 3 + 4(x ) = 4x + 3
;

3
3
3
3
cos 2
3

y = tg

+
4

) f(x) = 1 + (cosx) = sinx;


134

y = 1 + cosx0 sinx0(x x0)


x0:
x0 = 0: y = 1 + cos0 sin0(x 0) = 2;
x0 =

: y = 1 + cos sin (x ) = x + + 1;
2
2
2
2
2

) f(x) = 2(sinx) = 2cosx;


y = 2sinx0 2cosx0(x x0)
x0:
x0 =

: y = 2sin( ) 2cos( )(x + ) = 2;


2
2
2
2

x0 = : y = 2sin 2cos(x ) = 2x 2.
257.
(x0; f(x0)) OX,
f(x0) = 0
) f(x) = 3x2 6x + 3;
f(x) = 0: 3x2 6x + 3 = 0;
x = 1; f(1) = 1 3 + 3 = 1;
. A(1; 1) f(x) = x3 3x2 + 3x
OX;
) f(x) = 2x3 + 16;
f(x) = 0: 2x3 + 16 = 0;
2(x + 2)(x2 2x + 4) = 0;

StudyPort.ru
x = 2: f(2) =

1
(2)4 162 = 24;
2

. B(2; 24) f(x) =

1 4
x + 16x
2

OX;
) f(x) = 12x3 12x;
f(x) = 0: 12x(x 1)(x + 1) = 0;
x = 0, x = 1, x = 1: f(1) = f(1) = 1; f(0) = 2;
. A(1; 1), . B(1; 1), . C(0; 2)
f(x) = 3x4 6x2 + 2 OX;
) f(x) = 3x2 3;
f(x) = 0: 3(x 1)(x + 1) = 0;
x = 1, x = 1: f(1) = (1)3 3(1) + 1 = 3,
f(1) = 1 31 + 1 = 1;
. A(1; 3), . B(1; 1) f(x) = x3 3x + 1
OX.
135

258.
) f(x) = 2sinx + 1;
f(x) = 0: sinx =
x = (1)k

1
;
2

+ k, k Z;
6

5
+ 2n, n Z; x2 =
+ 2k, k Z;
6
6


f + 2n = 2 cos + 2n + + 2n =
6

6
6

x1 =

+ 2n , n Z;
6
5

5
5
+ 2n = 2 cos
f
+ 2k +
+ 2k =
6
6

6
5
= 3+
+ 2k , k Z;
6

. + 2n; 3 + + 2n , n Z
6
6

5
5

+ 2k , k Z
. + 2k ; 3 +
6
6

= 3+

StudyPort.ru
f(x) = 2cosx + x
OX;
) f(x) = 2cos2x + 3 ;
f(x) = 0: cosx =

3
;
2

5
7
+ 2n, 2x =
+ 2k,
6
6
5
7
x=
+ n, n Z x =
+ k, k Z;
12
12
5

3
1
3

+ n ;
+ n = + 3
+ 2n + 3
f
+ n = sin
12
6
12
2
12

1
7

+ k = + 3
+ k ;
f
+ k = sin
+ 2k + 3
2
12

12

12

12

2x =

5
+ n;
12

.
136

1
5

+ 3
+ n , n Z
2
12

7
1
7

+ k ; + 3
+ k , k Z
12
2
12

f(x) = sin2x + 3 x
OX;

) f(x) = sin x ; f(x) = 0: sin x = 0;

x = + n, n Z;
3

f + n = cos + n = cos n , n Z;
3
3
3

n = 2k, k Z, cosn = 1,
n = 2k + 1, k Z, cosn = 1;

+ 2k ; 1 . + 2k ; 1 (k Z)
3

StudyPort.ru

f(x) = cos x

OX;

) f(x) = 2 2cosx; f(x) = 0: cosx =

2
;
2

+ 2n, x = + 2k, n, k Z;
4
4

f + 2n = 2 + 2n 2 sin + 2n =
4

x=


= 2 1 + 2 2 n ;
4

f + 2k = 2 + 2k 2 sin + 2k =
4
4
4


= 2 1 + 2 2 k ;
4


+ 2n; 2 1 + 2 2 n , n Z
4
4


+ 2k ; 2 1 + 2 2 k , k Z
4

137

f(x) = 2 x 2sinx
OX.
259.
) f(x) = 3x x3;
f(x) = 0: 3x x3 = 0;
x = 3 ; x = 0; x = 3 ;
f(x) = 3 3x2;
f( 3 ) = 3 3( 3 )2 = 6, tg1 = 6, 1 = + arctg(6) ,
. ( 3 ; 0) f(x) = 3x x3
OX;
f(0) = 3, tg2 = 3, 2 = arctg3 , . (0; 0)
f(x) = 3x x3 OX;
f( 3 ) = 3 3( 3 )2 = 6, tg3 = 6, 3 = + arctg(6) ,
. ( 3 ; 0) f(x) = 3x x3
OX;

StudyPort.ru

;
4

= 0; x = + n, n Z,
4
4

) f(x) = sin x +

f(x) = 0: sin x +

f(x) = cos x +

1, n = 2k ;

; f + n = cosn =
4
4

1, n = 2k + 1; k Z ;

f(x) = sin x +

OX .

;
+ 2k ; 0
+ 2k ; 0 , .
4
4
4

) f(x) = x2 3x + 2;
f(x) = 0: x2 3x + 2 = 0; x = 1; x = 2;

f(x) = 2x 3; f(1) = 1, tg1 = 1 1 =

3
,
4

. (1;0) f(x) = x2 3x + 2 OX;


f(2) = 1, tg2 = 1 2 = 45 , . (2;0)
f(x) = x2 3x + 2 OX;
) f(x) = cosx;
f(x) = 0: cosx = 0;
138


+ 2n,
2

x = + 2k,
2

x=

+ 2n = 1, tg1 = 1 1 = 45 ,
2

f(x) = sinx; f

+ 2n; 0 f(x) = cosx OX;


2

,
+ 2k = 1, tg2 = 1 2 =
4
2

+ 2k ; 0 f(x) = cosx OX.


2

.
260.
)

StudyPort.ru
, f(x)
. (x0; f(x0)) OX, ,
OY, :

; tg = tg = ctg =
;
2
f ( x0 )
2

1
1
1
f(x) =
, f(0) = 1; f(x) =
, tg =
= 1;
x 1
f (0)
( x 1) 2

, . (0; 1)
4

139

1
OY;
x 1
1
1
1

) f(x) = tg x ; f(0) = tg = ;
2
2 4
2
4
1
1
1
f(x) =
, tg =
= 1,

f (0)
2

cos 2 x
4

3
1
, . (0; )
=
4
2
1

f(x) = tg x OY;
2
4

f(x) =

) f(x) =

1
1
1
(x 1)2; f(0) = ; f(x) = x 1, tg =
= 1;
2
2
f (0)

1
, . (0; )
4
2
1
2
f(x) = (x 1) OY;
2
1

) f(x) = sin 2 + ; f(0) = sin = ;


6 2
6

StudyPort.ru

f(x) = 2cos 2x +

=
, tg =
f (0)
6

2 cos
6

1
5
= =
, .

6 6
3

(0; ) f(x) = sin 2 + OY.


6
2

= + arctg

20.
261.
) f(2,016) f(2) + (2,016 2)f(2);
f(x) = 4x3 + 2, f(2) = 48 + 2 = 34;
f(2) = 16 + 22 = 20,
f(2,016) 20 + 0,01634 = 20,544;
f(0,97) f(1) + (0,97 1)f(1);
140

f(1) = 1 + 2 = 3, f(1) = 4 + 2 = 6;
f(0,97) 3 0,036 = 2,82;
) f(x) = 5x4 2;
f(1,995) f(2) + (1,995 2) f(2); f(2) = 25 22 = 28;
f(2) = 516 22 = 76;
f(1,995) 28 0,00576 = 27,62;
f(0,96) f(1) + (0,96 1)f(1);
f(1) = 0,
f(1) = 5 2 = 3;
f(0,96) 0,043 = 0,12;
f(3,02) f(3) + (3,02 3)f(3);
) f(x) = 3x2 1;
f(3) = 33 3 = 24;
f(3) = 332 1 = 26;
f(3,02) 24 + 0,0226 = 24,52;
f(0,92) f(1) + (0,92 1)f(1);
f(1) = 0, f(1) = 3 1 = 2;
f(0,92) = 0,082 = 0,16;
) f(x) = 2x + 3;
f(5,04) f(5) + (5,04 5)f(5);
f(5) = 25 + 3 = 13;
f(5) = 52 + 35 = 40;
f(5,04) 40 + 0,0413 = 40,52;
f(1,98) f(2) + (1,98 2)f(2);
f(2) = 22 + 3 = 7;
f(2) = 22 + 32 = 10;
f(1,98) 10 0,027 = 9,86.

StudyPort.ru
262.
) 1,002100 = (1 + 0,002)100 1 + 1000,002 = 1,2;
) 0,9956 = (1 0,005)6 1 60,005 = 0,97;
) 1,003200 = (1 + 0,003)200 1 + 2000,003 = 1,6;
) 0,99820 = (1 0,002)20 1 200,002 = 0,96.

263.
1
0,004 = 1,002 ;
2
1

25,012 = 5 1,0048 51 + 0,00048 = 5 + 0,0012 = 5,0012 ;


2

) 1,004 = 1 + 0,004 1 +
)
)
)

1
0,003 = 0,9985 ;
2
1

4,0016 = 2 1,0004 21 + 0,0004 = 2 + 0,0004 = 2,0004 ;


2

0,997 = 1 0,003 1

141

264.
) tg44 = tg(45 1) tg45
) cos61 cos

=1
0,9651 ;
2
180 cos 45
90


1
0,4849 ;
+
sin =
3 180
3 2 360

1
3
+
0,5151 ;
cos = +
6 180
6 2 360
1

) ctg47 ctg
= 1
0,9302 .
4 90
45
2
sin
4

) sin31 sin

265.

3 1

+ 0,04 cos 0,04 sin =


0,04 = 0,8460 ;
6
6
2
2
6

) cos

3 1

0,02 sin 0,02 cos =


0,02 0,8560 ;
3
3
2
2
3

) sin

StudyPort.ru

1
3

+ 0,03 sin + 0,03 cos = + 0,03


0,5264 ;
6
6 2
2
6

) sin

+ 0,05 tg + 0,05
= 1 + 2 0,05 = 1,01 .

4
4

cos 2
4

) tg

266.
)
)
)

= (1 + 0,003)-20 1 200,003 = 0,94;

1,003 20
1
0,996 40
1
2,0016

= (1 0,004)-40 1 + 400,004 = 1,16;


1
8

1
8

= (2 + 0,0016)-3 = (1 + 0,0008)-3 (1 30,0008) =

1
= 0,0003 = 0,1247;
8
1
-5

0,994 5

= (1 0,005) 1 + 50,006 = 1,03.

21.
142

267.
1
3

) : v(t) = x(t) = (t3) + 2(t2) + 5t = t2 + 4t + 5 (/);


) v(2) = 22 + 42 + 5 = 9 (/);
) : v = 0: t2 + 4t +5 = 0; t = 5 .
268.
v(t) = x(t) = 3t2 8t (/);
v(5) = 352 85 = 35 (/);
a(t) = v(t) = 6t 8 (/2);
a(5) = 65 8 = 22 (/2).
269.
(t) = (t) = 6t 4 (/);
(4) = 64 4 = 20 (/).
270.
(t) = (t) = 4 0,6t (/);
(2) = 4 20,6 = 2,8 (/).

StudyPort.ru
271.
v(t) = x(t) = 6t2 + 1 (/);
a(t) = v(t) = 12t (/2);

1
.;
12
1
) a = 2 (/2): 12t = 2, t = .
6

) a = 1 (/2): 12t = 1, t =

272.
1 2
t + 6t (/);
2

v(t) = x(t) =

a(t) = v(t) = t + 6 (/2);


) a = 0: 6 t = 0, t = 6 .;
) v(6) =

1 2
6 + 66 = 18 (/).
2

273.
v(t) =x(t) =

1
2 t
1

a(t) = v(t) =

4 t

a(t) = 2v3(t) .
143

274.
: v(t) = x(t) = 6t2 2t;
a(t) = v(t) = 12t 2;
F(t) = ma(t);
F(2) = m(122 2) = 22 .
275.
: v(t) = x(t) = 2t + 1 (/);
a(t) = v(t) = 2 (/2);
) F = ma = 20,02 = 0,04 ();
) E(t) =
E(2) =

m 2
v (t),
2

2
(22 + 1)20,012 = 0,025 ().
2

276.
(l) = m(l) = 6l + 5 (/).
) (10) = 610 + 5 = 65 (/),
) (20) = 620 + 5 = 125 (/).

StudyPort.ru
277.
v1(t) = x1(t) = 8t,
v2(t) = x2(t) = 3t2;
v1(t) > v2(t): 8t > 3t2;

8
3

8
3

3t t < 0; 0 < t < .

8
3

t 0;
.
278.

r
r r
v = v1 v 2 ;
r2
v
=v12 + v22 2v1v2cos60;

v1 = 5 /,
v2(t) = S(t) = 4t + 1 (/) = 3600(4t + 1) (/);
v = 5 2 + 3600 2 (4t + 1) 2 2 5 3600(4t + 1)

=
2

.

= 3600 2 16t 2 + (3600 2 8 + 18000 4)t + 25 + 3600 2 + 18000


144

6.

22. ()
279.
) f(x)=3-

1
x;
2

D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=-

1
<0 , x D(f) R;
2

) f(x)=-x2+2x3;
D(f)=R;
E(f)= (;2] ;
f(x)=2(1-x);
f(x)<0: 2(1-x)<0, x>1;
f(x)>0: 2(1-x)>0, x<1;
x (;1]
x [1;+ ) ;
) f(x)=4x5;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=4>0 x D(f) R;
) f(x)=5x23x+1;
D(f)=R;

StudyPort.ru
81

;+ ;
100

E(f)=

f(x)=10x3;
f(x)<0: 10(x-0,3)<0; x<0,3;
f(x)>0: 10(x-0,3)>0; x>0,3;
, x [0,3;+ )
x (;0,3] .
280.
) f(x)=146

2
+1;
x

D(f)=R/ {0};
1 ;
E(f)=R/ {}
f(x)=

2
x2

f(x)>0, x D(f);
, R/ {0};
) f(x)=x2(x-3);
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=3x2-6x=3x(x-2);

+
0

+
x

f(x)<0, x (0;2), f(x)>0, x (- ;0) U (2;+ ).


, x [0;2]; ,
x (- ;0] U [2;+ ).

StudyPort.ru
x3
;
x
D(f)=R/ {0}
E(f)=R/ {}
1 ;
3

) f(x)=

f(x)=

x2

; f(x)>0, x D(f).

R/ {0}.
) f(x)=x3-27x;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=3x2-27=3(x-3)(x+3);

+
-3

+
3

f(x)<0 (-3;3), f(x)>0 (- ;-3) U (3;+ ).


[-3;3], (- ;-3]
[3;+ ).
281.
) f(x)=12x+3x2-2x3;
D(f)=R; E(f)=R;
147

f(x)=12+6x-6x2=-6(x2-x-2)=-6(x-2)(x+1);
+

-1

f(x)<0 (- ;-1) U (2;+ ); f(x)>0 (-1;2).


[- ;-1] [2;+ ),
[-1;2].
) f(x)=4-x4;
D(f)=R; E(f)=(- ;4];
f(x)=-4x3;

+
0

f(x)<0 (0;+ ),
f(x)>0 (- ;0).
[0;+ ), (- ;0].
) f(x)=x(x2-12);
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=3x2-12=3(x2-4)=3(x-2)(x+2);

StudyPort.ru

-2

f(x)<0 (-2;2);
f(x)>0 (- ;-2) U (2;+ ).
[-2;2], (- ;-2]
[2;+ ).
) f(x)=

x2
D(f)=R/ {0};
6

f(x)=-

x3

E(f)=R+;

+
0

f(x)>0 (- ;0), f(x)<0 (0;+ ).


[- ;0), (0;+ ).
282.
)
148

StudyPort.ru
)

149

283.
) f(x)=x3+3x2-9x+1;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=3x2+6x-9=3(x+3)(x-1);

+
-3

+
x

f(x)<0 (-3;1), f(x)>0 (- ;-3) U (1;+ ).


[-3;1],
(- ;-3] U [1;+ ).

StudyPort.ru
) f(x)=4x3-1,5x4;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=12x2-6x3=6x2(2-x);
+

+
0

f(x)<0 (2;+ ); f(x)>0 (- ;0) U (0;2).


[2;+ ), (- ;2].

150

) f(x)=2+9x+3x2-x3;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=9+6x-3x2=-3(x2-2x-3)=-3(x-3)(x+1);

1
3
f(x)<0 (- ;-1) U (3;+ );
f(x)>0 (-1;3).
[- ;-1] U [3;+ ),
(-1;3];

StudyPort.ru
) f(x)=x4-2x2;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=4x3-4x=4x(x-1)(x+1);

f(x)<0 (- ;-1) U (0;1); f(x)>0 (-1;0) U (1;+ ).


[- ;-1] U [0;1],
[-1;0] U [1;+ );
f(-x)=f(x) ;
f(x)=0, x2(x- 2 )(x+ 2 )=0, x= 2 , x=0;

151

284.
) f(x)=2-

4
;
0,5 x 1

D(f)=R\ {2};
E(f)=R/ {2};
f(x)=

4
(0,5 x 1) 2

f(x)>0 D(f);
(- ;2) U (2;+ );
f(x)=0

4
=2, x=6;
0,5 x 1

StudyPort.ru
x + 1, x 3,
x 5, x > 3;

) f(x)=|x-3|-2=
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
1, x 3,
1, x > 3;

f(x)=

, (3;-2) f(x) ;
(- ;3];
[3;+ ); f(x)=0 x=1,5.
152

) f(x)=8x2-x4;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=16x-4x3=-4x(x-2)(x+2);

StudyPort.ru
f(x)<0 (-2;0) U (2;+ ), f(x)>0 (- ;-2) U (0;2).
[-2;0] U [2;+ ),
(- ;-2] U [0;2]; f(-x)=f(x) ;
f(x)=0 x2(2 2 -x)(2 2 +x)=0, x=0, x= 2 2 .

1
1 , x > 1, x < 0,
1
) f(x)= 1 = x
x
1 1,0 < x 1;
x
D(f)=R/ {0};

E(f)=R+;

153

1
2 , x > 1, x < 0,
f(x)= x
1 ,0 < x < 1;
x 2

, (1;0) f(x) ;
(0;1],
[1;+ ) U (- ;0).

StudyPort.ru
285.
) f(x)=3x+cos2x;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=3-2sin2x;
3-2sin2x 1 x D(f), .. f(x)>0
x R R;
) g(x)=-

x3
-x;
3

D(g)=R;
E(g)=R;
g(x)=-x2-1<0 x D(g), .. R;
) f(x)=x7+2x5+3;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=7x6+10x4 0 x D(f), R;
) g(x)=-4x+sin3x;
D(g)=R;
E(g)=R;
g(x)=-4x+3cos3x;
-4+3cos3x -1 x D(g), g(x)<0
x R, .. R.
154

286.
) f(x)=x3-27x+2;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=3x2-27=3(x-3)(x+3)
(- ;3] U [3;+ ), [-3;3];
f(-1)=28>0, f(1)=-24<0,
f(x) [-1;1]
x0 [-1;1]: f(x0)=0;
f(4)=-42<0, f(6)=56>0,
f(x) [4;6]
x0 [4;6]: f(x0)=0.
) f(x)=x4-4x-9;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=4x3-4=4(x-1)(x2+x+1) [1;+ ],
(- ;1];
f(-2)=15>0, f(0)=-9<0,
f(x) [-2;0]
x0 [-2;0]: f(x0)=0;
f(2)=-1<0, f(3)=60>0,
f(x) [2;3]
x0 [2;3]: f(x0)=0;
) f(x)=x4+6x2-8;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=4x3+12x=4x(x2+3) (- ;0],
[0;+ );
f(-2)=32>0, f(-1)=-1<0,
f(x) [-2;-1]
x0 [-2;-1]: f(x0)=0;
f(1)=-1<0, f(2)=32>0,
f(x) [1;2]
x0 [1;2]: f(x0)=0;
) f(x)=-1+3x2-x3;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=6x-3x2=-3x(x-2) [0;2], (- ;0] U [2;+ );
f(-2)=19>0, f(0)=-1<0,
f(x) [-2;0]
x0 [-2;0]: f(x0)=0;
f(2)=3>0, f(3)=-1<0,
f(x) [2;3]
x0 [2;3]: f(x0)=0;

StudyPort.ru
23. ,
287.
: x2, x=0, x3 x4 (f(x2)=f(0)=f(x3)=0, f(x4)
D(f)).
x2, x4, x5, x6, x7 (f(x7)=0; f(x2), f(x4)
f(x6) , D(f)).
155

288.
) f(x)=4-2x+7x2;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=-2+14x;
D (f)=R;
f(x)=0:

x=

1
;
7

) f(x)=1+cos2x;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=-2sin2x;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=0: sin2x=0, x=

n
, n Z;
2

) f(x)=x-2sinx;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=1-2cosx;
D(f)=R;

StudyPort.ru
f(x)=0: cosx=

) f(x)=4x-

1
, x= + 2k , k Z;
2
3

x3
;
3

D(f)=R;
f(x)=4-x2;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=0: 4-x2=0, x= 2;

289.
: : x2 x4: f(x2)=f(x4)=0; : x1
x3: f(x1)=f(x3)=0.
: : x1 x3: f(x1) f(x3)=0; : x2 x4: f(x2)=0, f(x4) .
290.
) f(x)=5+12x-x3;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=12-3x2=-3(x-2)(x+2);
D(f)=R;

+
-2

156

+
2

x= 2, x=-2 , x=2
.
) f(x)=9+8x2-x4;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=16x-4x3=-3x(x-2)(x+2);
D(f)=R;

0
2
x= 2;0, x=-2 x=2 ,
x=0 .
) f(x)=2x3+3x2-4;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=6x2+6x=6x(x+1);
D(f)=R;

StudyPort.ru
x
0
x=-1;0, x=-1 , x=0 .
1
) f(x)= x4-x2;
2
D(f)=R;
f(x)=2x3-2x=2x(x-1)(x+1);
D(f)=R;
-1

+
0

x= 1;0, x= 1 ,
x=0 .
291.
) f(x)= x ;
D(f)=[0;+ );
E(f)=R+;
f(x)=-

1
2 x

D(f)=(0;+ ).
.. f(x) 0, f(x) .
157

) f(x)=tgx;

D(f)=R\ + k
2

k Z ;

E(f)=R;
f(x)=

cos 2 x

D(f)=D(f).
.. f(x) 0, f(x) .
) f(x)=3x-7;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=3>0 x R,
D(f)=R.
.. f(x)>0 x R, f(x) .
) f(x)=3x5+2x;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=15x4+2>0 x R,
D(f)=R.
.. f(x)>0, f(x) .
292.
) f(x)=sin2x-cosx;
D(f)=R;

StudyPort.ru

1
2

f(x)=2sinx cosx+sinx=2sinx cos x + ,


D(f)=R;
f(x)=0 x= k , k Z x=

2
+ 2n , n Z
3

.
2
2
x=
+ 2n x=+ 2n , n Z ,
3

x= k , k Z .
8

) f(x)=2x+
D(f)=R/ {0};
f(x)=2-

16

x2

x3
D(f)=R/ {0};

158

f(x) x=2,
.. f(2)=0;
) f(x)=10cosx+sin2x-6x;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=-10sinx+2cos2x-6,
D(f)=R;
f(x)=0: f(x)=2(1-2sin2x)-10sinx-6=0; 2sin2x+5sinx+2=0.

1
x=(-1)k+1 + k , k Z.
sinx=- ;
2

: x=(-1)k+1 + k , k Z.
6
) f(x)=x3-4x+8;
D(f)=R; E(f)=R;

2 3
2 3
x+
f(x)=3x2-4=3 x
;

3
3

StudyPort.ru
f(x)=0 x=

2 3
2 3
. : x=
.
3
3

293.
) f(x)=(x-2)3;
D(f)=R; E(f)=R;
f(x)=3(x-2)2, D(f)=R;

f(x)=0 x=2 ;

x 2, x 1,

1 < x < 1,
) f(x)= x,
2 x, x 1;

D(f)=R;

1,

f(x)= 1,

1,

x < 1,
1 < x < 1,
x > 1;

.. x=-1 x=1 f(x) , x= 1


f(x);
x 3
+ ;
3 x
D(f)=R/ {0};

) f(x)=

159

1
3

f(x)=

x2
D(f)=R/ {0};
1 3
f(x)=0: 2 =0,
x= 3 ;
3 x
x + 6, x < 2,

) f(x)= x 2 ,
2 x 2, D ( f ) = R;
6 x, x > 2;

x < 2,
1,

f(x)= 2 x, 2 < x < 2,


1, x > 2;

f(x)=0, x=0 - .
.. x=-2 x=2 f(x) , x= 2 .
294.
)

StudyPort.ru
)

)
160

StudyPort.ru
295.

) f(x)=

1 4 2
x -8x ;
2

D(f)=R;
E(f)=[-32;+ );
f(x)=2x3-16x=2x(x-2 2 )(x+2 2 );
D(f)=R;

-2 2

+
0

2 2

(- ;-2 2 ] U [0;2 2 ];
[-2 2 ;0] U [2 2 ;+ ).
x=-2 2 x=2 2 - , x=0 ;
f(0)=0; f(x)=f(-x) ;
f(x)=0:

1 2
x (x-4)(x+4)=0, x=0, x= 4 -
2

x;
161

) f(x)=
D(f)=R;

3x
1 + x2

3 3

3(1 x )(1 + x )

E(f)= ; ;
2 2

StudyPort.ru
f(x)=

(1 + x 2 ) 2

D(f)=R;

-1

(- ;-1] U [1;+ ),
[-1;1]. =-1 ;
x=1 f(x);
f(x)=-f(-x) ;
(0;0) ;

162

1
6

) f(x)=2x- x3;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=-

1
(x-2)(x+2);
2

D(f)=R;

+
-2

(- ;-2] U [2;+ ),
[-2;2]. =-2 ;
x=2 .
1
6

f(x)=0: - x(x-2 3 )(x+2 3 )=0;

StudyPort.ru
x=0, x= 2 3 - x;

x2 2x + 2
;
x 1
D(f)=R\ {}
1 ;

) f(x)=

E(f)=R/(-2;2);
f(x)=

2( x 1)( x 1) ( x 2 2 x + 2)
( x 1)

x 2 2x
( x 1)

x ( x 2)
( x 1) 2

D(f)=D(f);

163

+
0

+
x

(- ;0] U [2;+ ),
[0;1) U (1;2]. x=0 ;
f(0)=-2.

StudyPort.ru
24.

296.
) f(x)=x2-2x+8;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=[7;+ );
f(x) .
x2-2x+8=0 ;
f(0)=8;
f(x)=2(x-1),
D(f)=R;
x
f(x)

164

(- ;1)

1
7
min

(1;+ )

) f(x)=

2x 2
2
+x+ ;
3
3

D(f)=R;

E(f)= ;

25
;
24

f(x) - ;
2x 2
2
+ x + =0;
3
3
2
f(0)= ;
3
4
3
4x
f(x)=
+1= x ;
3
4
3

D(f)=R;
3
4

;
4

;+
4

StudyPort.ru
x

f(x)

1
24

max

) f(x)=-x2+5x+4;
D(f)=R;

E(f)= ;

41
;
4

f(x) - .
-x2+5x+4=0;
x=

5 41
5 + 41
; x=
; f(0)=4;
2
2

f(x)=-2x+5=-2(x-2,5);
D(f)=R;
165

(- ;2,5)

x
f(x)

) f(x)=

2,5
10,25
max

(2,5;+ )

x2
x 1
+
+ ;
4 16 4

D(f)=R;
63

;+ ;
256

E(f)=

StudyPort.ru
f(x) - .

x2
x 1
+
+ =0 ;
4 16 4
1
f(0)= ;
4
1
x 1 1
f(x)= +
= x + .
8
2 16 2

x
f(x)

;
8

1
8

63
256

min

166

;+
8

297.
) f(x)=-x3+3x-2;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x) .
(x-1)(x2+x-2)=0; x=1, x=-2;
f(x)=-3x2+3 =-3(x-1)(x+1);
x
f(x)
f(x)

(- ;-1)
-

-1
0
-4
min

f(0)=-2;
(-1;1)
+

1
0
0
max

(1;+ )
-

StudyPort.ru
) f(x)=x4-2x2-3;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=[-4;+ );
f(-x)=f(x) .
(x2-3)(x2+1)=0, x= 3 ; f(0)=-3;
f(x)=4x3-4x=4x(x-1)(x+1);
x
f(x)
f(x)

(- ;1 )
-

-1
0
-4
min

(-1;0)
+

0
0
-3
max

(0;1)
-

1
0
-4
min

(1;+ )
+

167

) f(x)=x3+3x+2;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;

f(x) .
f(0)=0; f(x)=3x2+3 =3(x2+1)>0 R;

StudyPort.ru
) f(x)=3x2-x3;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x) ;
x2(3-x)=0; x=0, x=3;
f(x)=6x-3x2=3x(2-x);
x
f(x)
f(x)

168

(- ;0)
-

0
0
0
min

(0;2)
+

2
0
4
max

(2;+ )
-

298.
) f(x)=1+1,5x-3x2-2,5x3;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=1,5-6x-7,5x2;
D(f)=R=D(f);
f(x)=0 : -1,5(5x2+4x-1)=0;

x=-1,

x=0,2;

+
-1

0,2

(- ;-1] U [0,2;+ ), [-1;0,2].


) f(x)=

x5 x3
-6x+1;

5
3

D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=x4-x2-6;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=0 : (x2-3)(x2+2)=0;

StudyPort.ru
x= 3 ;

-1

(- ;- 3 ] U [ 3 ;+ ), [ 3; 3 ].
) f(x)=

x4
+8x-5;
4

D(f)=R;
f(x)=x3+8;
D(f)=R=D(f);
f(x)=0 : (x+2)(x2-2x+4)=0;

x=-2;
+

(- ;-2] [-2;+ ).
) f(x)=x3-6x2-15x-2;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=3x2-12x-15;
D(f)=R=D(f);
169

f(x)=0 : 3(x-5)(x+1)=0; x=-1, x=5;

x
5
(- ;-1] U [5;+ ) [-1;5].
1

299.
) f(x)=2x-cosx;
) f(x)=x5+4x;
) f(x)=sinx+

3x
;
2

) f(x)=2x3+x-5;

D(f)=R;
D(f)=R;

f(x)=2+sinx>0
f(x)=5x4+4>0;

D(f)=R;

f(x)=cosx+

D(f)=R;

f(x)=6x2+1>0.

3
>0;
2

300.
) f(x)=

1 2 1 5
x- x;
2
5

D(f)=R; E(f)=R;
f(x) ;

StudyPort.ru
f(x)=0 :

1 2
x (2,5-x3)=0;
5

x=0,

x= 3 2,5 1,4;

f(x)=x-x4=x(x-1)(1+x+x2),
D(f)=R=D(f);
x
f(x)
f(x)

(- ;0)
-

0
0
0

(0;1)
+

) f(x)=4x2-x4;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=(- ;4];
f(-x)=f(x) ;
f(x)=0 : x2(2-x)(2+x)=0, x=0,
f(x)=8x-4x3 =4x( 2 -x)( 2 +x),
D(f)=R;
170

1
0

3
10

x= 2;

(1;+ )
-

(- ; 2 ) - 2 (- 2 ;0)
f(x)
+
0
f(x)
4
max

1
5

(0;

0
0
min

2)

0
-4
max

( 2 ;+ )
-

1
3

) f(x)= x5-1 x3;


D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(-x)=-f(x) ;

StudyPort.ru
f(x)=0 :

1 3 2 20
x x =0;
5
3

x=0,

x=

20
;
3

f(x)=x4-4x2=x2(x-2)(x+2),
D(f)=R=D(f);

x
(- ;2 ) -2
f(x) +
0
f(x)
64
15

max

(-2;0)
-

0
0
0

(0;2)
-

(2+ )
+

2
0
-

64
15

min

171

) f(x)=5x3-3x5;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(-x)=-f(x) ;

5
3

f(x)=0 : -3x3 x 2 =0;

x=0,

5
1,3;
3

x=

f(x)=15x2-15x4=15x2(1-x)(1+x),
D(f)=R=D(f);
x
f(x)
f(x)

(- ;1 )
-

-1
0
-2
min

(-1;0)
+

0
0
0

(0;1)
+

1
0
2
max

(1+ )

StudyPort.ru
301.
) f(x)=x2 1 + x ;
E(f)=R+;
D(f)=[-1;+ );
f(x) ;
f(x)=0 x=-1;0;

5 x x +
5
,
f(x)=2x 1 + x +
=
=
2 1+ x
2 1+ x
2 1+ x
D(f)=(-1;+ );
x2

1;
5

f(x)
f(x)

5x2 + 4 x

4
5

4
;0
5

(0;+ )

0
0

16 5
125

max
172

min

) f(x)=

6( x 1)
x2 + 3

D(f)=R;
E(f)=[-3;1];
f(x) ;
f(x)=0, x=1;
f(0)=-2;
f(x)=

6( x 2 + 3) 6( x 1)2 x

6( x + 1)( x 3)

StudyPort.ru
( x 2 + 3) 2

( x 2 + 3) 2

D(f)=R;
x
f(x)
f(x)

(- ;-1)
-

-1
0
-3
min

(-1;3)
+

3
0
1
max

(3;+ )
-

) f(x)=x 2 x ;
D(f)=(- ;2];
E(f)=(- ;1];
f(x) ;
f(x)=0, x=0;2;
f(x)= 2 x -

x
2 2x

2( 2 x) x
2 2x

D(f)=(- ;2);
173

;
3

f(x)

4
3

4
;2
3

4 2
1,1
3 3

f(x)

max

StudyPort.ru
) f(x)=

2x

1 x2
D(f)=R/ { 1} ;

E(f)=R;
f(-x)=-f(x) ;
f(x)=0, x=0;
f(x)=

2(1 x 2 ) + 2 x 2 x
(1 x 2 ) 2

2x 2 + 2

(1 x 2 ) 2

D(f)=(- ;-1) U (-1;1) U (1;+ );


f(x)>0, x D(f) D(f);

174

302.
) f(x)=sin2x+sinx;
D(f)=R;
1

E(f)= ;2 ;
4
f(-x)=-f(x) ;

+2 k , k Z,
2
f(x+2 )=sin(x+2 )+sin2(x+2 )=sinx+sin2x x D(f)
T=2 ;
1

f(x)=2sinxcosx+cosx =2cosx sin x + ;


2

D(f)=R;
1
f(x)=0: cosx=0, sinx=- ;
2

x= + k , k Z, x=(-1)n+1 + n , n Z;
2
6

f(x)=0 : sin(sinx+1)=0, x= k , k Z x=-

StudyPort.ru
x

+ 2n
+ 2n;
6

f(x)
f(x)

- + 2n
2
0
0

5
+ 2n
6

+ 2n; + 2n

2
6

1
4

min

f(x)
f(x)

+ 2n; + 2n
6
2

max
x

- + 2n; + 2n
6
2

f(x)
f(x)

172

+ 2n
2
0
2
max

+ 2n
6
0
1
4
min

+ 2n; + 2n
2

) f(x)=

2x
1 + x2

D(f)=R;
f(-x)=-f(x) ;
f(x)=0, x=0;

StudyPort.ru
f(x)=

2(1 + x 2 ) + 2 x 2 x
2 2

(1 + x )

2(1 x )(1 + x )
(1 + x 2 ) 2

D(f)=R;
;

) f(x)=cos2x-cosx;
D(f)=R;
1
4

E(f)= ;2 ;
f(-x)=f(x) ;

f(x)=0 : cosx(cosx-1)=0,
x= + k , k Z x=2 k , k Z,
2

f(0)=0;
f(x+2 )=cos2(x+2 )-cos(x+2 )=cos2xcosx=f(x)
T=2 ;
f(x)=0: sinx=0,

cosx=

x= k , k Z,

x=

1
;
2

+ 2k , k Z;
3

173

- + 2n; - + 2n
2
3

f(x)
-

f(x)

2n

f(x)

f(x)

+ 2n
3
0
1
4
min

+ 2n
2n;
3

- + 2n;2n
3

max

+ 2n; + 2n
3

x
f(x)
f(x)

+ 2n

0
2
max

+ 2n
3
0
1
4
min
3

+ 2n;
+ 2n
2

StudyPort.ru
x
;
x 1
D(f)=R/ {1} ;
E(f)R/ {1} ;

) f(x)=

f(x)= ;
f(x)=0, x=0;
f(x)=

x 1+ x
( x 1) 2

D(f)=R/ {1} ;
174

=-

1
( x 1) 2

f(x)<0 x D(f),
f(x) (- ;1) U (1;+ );
y=1 f(x);
x=1 .

303.
) f(x)=tgx-x;

StudyPort.ru

D(f)=R\ + k
f(x)=

cos 2 x

k Z ;

-1;

D(f)=D(f)=R\ + n n Z ;
f(x)>0:

1
cos 2 x

>1.


, 0; f(x)>0,


.. f(x) 0; ;

1
) f(x)= x ;
x
D(f)=(0;+ )=R+;
1
1
+
f(x)=
,
2 x x2
D(f)=(0;+ )=D(f);

f(x)>0, f(x) (0;+ ).


.. [1;+ ) (0;+ ), f(x) [1;+ );
175

) f(x)=x-sinx;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=1-cosx,
D(f)=R=D(f);
f(x) 0, f(x) (0;+ );

) f(x)=x+ -cosx;
2

D(f)=R;
f(x)=1+sinx,
D(f)=R;

; , f(x)
2 2

f(x)>0, x


2 ; 2 ;

304.
f(x)=4x3-3x2-36x-10;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=12x2-6x-36=12(x+1,5)(x-2);

StudyPort.ru
(- ;-1,5)
+

x
f(x)
f(x)

-1,5
0
23,75
max

(-1,5;2)
-

2
0
-62
min

(2;+ )
+

(- ;-1,5) f(x) - 23,75


x0 (- ;-1,5): f(x0)=0;
(-1,5;2)
f(x) 23,15 62
x1 (-1,5;2): f(x1)=0;
(2;+ )
f(x) 62 + -
x2 (2;+ ): f(x2)=0.
, 4x3-3x2-36x-10=0 3 .
) f(x)=

x4
x2
x3
+ 3x ;
4
2

D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=x3-3x2-x+3=x2(x-3)(x-3)=(x-3)(x-1)(x+1);
x
f(x)
f(x)

(- ;-1)
-

-1
0
-2,25
min

(-1;1)
+

1
0
1,75
max

, f(x) 4 .
176

(1;3)
-

3
(3;+ )
0
+
-2,25
min

) f(x)=x4-4x3-9;
D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=x3-12x2=x2(x-3);
x
f(x)
f(x)

(- ;0)
-

0
0
-9

(0;3)
-

3
0
-36
min

(3;+ )
+

(- ;0)
f(x) - -9
x0 (- ;0): f(x1)=0;
(0;3)
f(x) -9 36 f(x) ;
(3;+ )
f(x) 36 + -
x2 (3;+ ): f(x2)=0.
, x4-4x3-9=0 2 R.
x3
-1;
3

StudyPort.ru
) f(x)=x2-

D(f)=R;
E(f)=R;
f(x)=2x-x2=x(2-x);
x
f(x)
f(x)

(- ;0)
-

0
0
-1

(0;2)
+

2
0

(2;+ )
-

1
3

min

max

(- ;0)
f(x) - -1
x0 (- ;0): f(x0)=0;
(0;2)

f(x) -1

1

3

x1 (0;2): f(x1)=0;
(2;+ )

f(x)

1
- -
3

x2 (2;+ ): f(x2)=0.
, x2-

x3
-1=0 3 R.
3

177

25.
305.
) f(x)=x4-8x2-9;
f(x)=4x3-16x=4x(x-2)(x+2);
D(f)=R;
f(x)=0, x=0; 2;
f(-1)=-16,
f(0)=-9,
f(1)=-16.
max f(x)=f(0)=-9, min f(x)=f(1)=f(-1)=-16;
[ 1;1]

[ 1;1]

f(2)=25;
f(3)=0;
max f(x)=f(3)=0, min f(x)=f(2)=-25;
[ 0;3]

[ 0;3]

x +4
;
x
D(f)=R\ {0} ;

) f(x)=

StudyPort.ru
f(x)=0, x= 2;
f(-4)=-5,
f(-2)=-4;
f(-1)=-5;
max f(x)=f(-2)=-4, min f(x)=f(-4)=f(-1)=-5;
[ 4;1]

f(1)=5,

[ 4;1]

f(2)=4,

f(3)=

13
;
3

max f(x)=f(1)=5, min f(x)=f(2)=4;


[1;3]

[1;3]

) f(x)=3x5-5x3;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=15x4-15x2=15x2(x-1)(x+1);
D(f)=R;
f(x)=0 x=0; 1;
f(0)=0,
f(1)=-2,
f(2)=56;
max f(x)=f(2)=56, min f(x)=f(1)=-2;
[ 0; 2]

[ 0; 2]

f(3)=594;
max f(x)=f(3)=594, min f(x)=f(2)=56;
[ 2;3]

x
;
x +1
D(f)=R\ { 1} ;

) f(x)=

178

[ 2;3]

f(x)=

x +1 x

(x + 1)
D(f)=R\ { 1} ;

f(-3)=1,5,

(x + 1)2

f(-2)=2;

max f(x)=f(-2)=2, min f(x)=f(-3)=[ 3; 2]

[ 3; 2]

3
;
2

5
6

f(1)=0,5,

f(5)= ;

max f(x)=f(5)=

1
5
, min f(x)=f(1)= .
2
6 [1;5]

[1;5]

306.
) f(x)=x3+3x2-9x;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=3x2+6x-9=3(x+3)(x-1);
D(f)=R;
f(x)=0, x=-3; 1;
f(-4)=20,
f(-3)=27,
f(0)=0;
max f(x)=f(-3)=27, min f(x)=f(0)=0;

StudyPort.ru
[ 4;0]

[ 4;0]

f(3)=27,
f(4)=76;
max f(x)=f(4)=76, min f(x)=f(3)=27;
[3; 4]

[3;4]

max f(x)= min f(x);

[ 4;0]

[3; 4]

) f(x)=x4-2x2+4;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=4x3-4x=4x(x-1)(x+1);
D(f)=R;
f(x)=0, x=0; 1;
1
2

1
2

f =f =3

9
(f(x) ),
16

f(0)=4;

9
1
1
max f(x)=f(0)=4, min f(x)=f = f =3 ;
16
1
1
1
1

2
2
;
;
2 2

2 2

f(2)=12,
f(3)=67;
max f(x)=f(3)=67, min f(x)=f(2)=12;
[ 2;3]

[ 2;3]

max f(x)< min f(x);

1 1
2 ; 2

[ 2;3]

179

307.
2 3
t.
3
D(s)=[0;+ );

s(t)=12t2-

v(t)=s(t)=24t-2t2=-2t(t-12),
D(s)=[0;+ );
v(t)=24t-4t=4(6-t),
D(v)=[0;+ );
v(t)=0, t=6 (c);
v(4)=64(/); v(6=72(/);
v(10)=40(/);
max v(t)=v(6)=72(/) , t=6c.
[ 4;10]

308.
f(x)=21x+2x2-

x3
;
3

D(f)=R;
f(x)=21+4x-x2,
D(f)=R;
f(x)=4-2x=2(2-x),
D(f)=R;
f(x)=0, x=2;
f(-2)=9,
f(2)=25,
f(5)=16;
max f(x)=f(2)=25, min f(x)=f(2)=9;

StudyPort.ru
[ 2;5]

[ 2;5]

309.
1
6

v(t)= t3-12t=-2t(t-12);
1 2
1
t -12= (t-2 6 )(t+2 6 ),
2
2
D(a)=[0;+ );
a(t)=t,
D(a)=[0;+ );

3
=-3;
a(10)=38 2 ;

a(t)=v(t)=

min a(t)=a(10)=38 2 .

[10;50]

310.
) f(x)=2sinx+cos2x;
f(x)=2cosx-2sin2x=2cosx(1-2sinx),
D(f)=R;
180

+ n , n Z x=(-1)k + k , k Z;
2
6
3 5
[0;2 ]; f(x)=0, x= ; ; ; ;
2 2 6 6
3

5 3
3
f(0)=1, f = , f =1, f = , f =-3;
6 2
2
6 2
2
5
3
max f(x)=f =f
min f(x)=f =-3;
=1,5;

[
0
;
2
]
[ 0;2 ]
6
6

2

f(x)=0, x=

) f(x)=1,5x2+
D(f)=R\ {0};
f(x)=3x-

81
x

81
;
x

=3x 1

3
27
3 9

=3x 1 1 + + 2 ;
3
x
x x
x

D(f)=R\ {0};
f(x)=0, x=3;
f(1)=82,5;
f(3)=40,5,
f(4)=44,25;
max f(x)=f(1)=82,5;
min f(x)=f(3)=40,5;

StudyPort.ru
[1; 4]

[1;4]

) f(x)=2sinx+sin2x;
f(x)=2cosx+2cos2x=2cosx+2(2cos2x-1)=4cos2x+2cosx-2;
D(f)=R;
f(x)=0: 2cos2x+cosx-1=0;

cosx=-1,

cosx=

1
;
2

+ 2n , n Z;
3

3
0; : f(x)=0 x= ; ;
2
3

x= + 2n , n Z,

f(0)=1,

x=

3

f = 3 +
,
3

f( )=0,

3
=-2;
2

3

3
, min f(x)=f =-2;
max f(x)=f = 3 +

3
3
3
2

2
[ 0; ]
[ 0; ]
2

1
) f(x)=x+
;
x+2
D(f)=R\ {2};

181

f(x)=1-

(x + 2)
D(f)=R\ {2};

(x + 1)(x + 3) ;
(x + 2)2

f(x)=0 x=-1;-3;
f(-5)=-

16
,
3

f(-3)=-4,

max f(x)=f(-3)=-4,

f(-2,5)=-4,5;
min f(x)=f(-5)=-

[ 5;2,5]

[ 5;2,5]

16
.
3

311.
x, 24-x.
f(x)=x2+(24-x)2. min f(x):
[ 0; 24]

f(x)=2x-2(24-x)=4(x-12),
D(f)=[0;24];
f(x)=0, x=12;
f(0)=576=f(24),
f(12)=288;
min f(x)=f(12)=288;

StudyPort.ru
[ 0; 24]

x=12, 24-12=12.

312.
y, 4-y.
g(y)=y(4-y). max g(y):
[ 0; 4]

g(y)=4-y-y=2(2-y),
D(y)=[0;4];
g(y)=0, y=2;
g(0)=g(4)=0, g(2)=4;
max g(y)=g(2)=4.
[ 0; 4]

.. y=2 4-y=2.
313.
x (),
(24-x) .
, x, s(x)=x(24-x) (2),
x (0;24). max g():
[ 0; 24]

s(x)=24-2x=2(12-x),
D(s)=[0;24].
s(0)=s(24)=0, s(12)=144;
182

max s(x)=s(12)=144.

[ 0; 24]

, 12 ,
24-12=12 .
: 12.
314.
, 2 ,
54-3. h(x)=3x 2x(18-x).
max h(x):
[ 0;18]

h(x)=216x-18x2=18x(12-x);
h(x)=0, x=0;12;
h(0)=h(18)=0,
h(12)=5184;
max h(x)=h(12)=5184.
[ 0;18]

, 12, 212=24, 54-3


12=18.
: 12; 24; 18.
315.

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t,

16
.
t

16
, D(f)=(0;+ ).
t

f(t)=t2+

f(t)
(0;+ ).
f(t)=2t-

2 256
t

2(t 4 256)
t

2(t 4)(t + 4)(t 2 + 16)


t3

(0;+ ): f(t)<0, t (0;4), f(t)=0 t=4


f(t), t=4 .
, 4,

16
=4.
4

: 4 4.
316.
(),

64
().

()=2 x +
D(P)=(0;+ ).

64
,
x

183

min P(x).
[ 0; + )

P(x)=2-

128
x2

2( x 8)( x + 8)
x2

(0;+ ): P(x)<0, x (0;8); P(x)=0, x=8 P(x)>0,


x (8;+ ). =8 P(x) (0;+ ),
P(x) x=8.
8 ().
: 8 () 8 ().
317.
S=S.+S... S.=x2,
;
S..=4xh, h .
V=13,5 () V=x2 h, h=
S(x)=x2+4x

13,5

=x2+

V
x

13,5
x2

(). ,

54
(2). min S(x) R+:
x

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S(x)=2x-

x2

54
x2

2( x 3 27)
x2

2( x 3)( x 2 + 3 x + 9)
x2

S(x)<0 (0;3); S(x)=0 x=3;


S(x)>0 (3;+ )
=3 S(x) (0;+ ).
=3 (), h=

13,5
32

=1,5 ().

: 331,5 () .
318.

|ED|=x.
BO
x

BO =

184

AO
AD

;
2

AB AO

, AO =

1
AC =30 ();
2

BO = 50 2 30 2 =40 ();
AD =

AO x
BO

30x
2 30 x
, DG = AC 2 AD =60=60-1,5x;
40
40

SDEFG= ED DG =x(60-1,5x), x (0;30). max S(x):


[ 0;30)

S(x)=60-3x=3(20-x);
S(x)<0, x (20;30), S(x)=0, x=20, S(x)>0, x (0;20).
.. (0;30) S(x) =20.
:
D = FG =20 (), D = F =60-

60 20
=30 ().
40

: 20 (), 30 ().
319.

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2

D =, 0<<2r. (2r)2=x2+ D ,
D = 4r 2 x 2 ;

SABCD=S(x)=x 4r 2 x 2 .
max S(x):
( 0;22)

S(x)=

4r 2 x 2 -

2x2
2

2 4r x

4r 2 2 x 2
4r 2 x 2

2( 2 r x )( 2 r + x )

S(x)>0, x (0; 2 r ),
S(x)=0, x= 2 r ,
x ( 2 r ;2r).
, max S(x)=S( 2 r )=2r2.

4r 2 x 2

S(x)<0 ,

( 0;2 r )

.. r=20 (), x=20 2 ().


: 20 2 , 20 2 .

185

320.

,
:
t=

BO
8

OP
10

|BO|= 9 2 x 2 = 81 + x 2 , |OP|=15-x, c A;
81 + x 2 15 x
, x [0;15].
+
8
10
min t(x):

t(x)=

[ 0;15]

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t(x)=

8 81 + x
x

t(x)=0:
t(0)=

81 + x

1
;
10

=0,8; x2=0,64(81+x2);

9 3 21
=2,625;
+
=
8 10 8

t(12)=

x=12;

15 3
=2,175;
+
8 10

t(15)=

min t(x)=t(12)=2,175.

[ 0;15]

: 3 () .
321.

, :
9 + x2 5 x
, x [0;5];
+
4
5
min t(x)

t(x)=

[ 0;5]

186

306
;
8

t(x)=

x
4 9 + x2
x

t(x)=0:

9 + x2

t(0)=1,75;

1
5

- ;
=0,8;

t(4)=1,45;

x2=0,64(9+x2),
t(5)=

x=4 ();

34
;
4

min t(x)=t(4)=1,45.
[ 0;5]

: 4 .
322.
,
: S(x)=x+x2, x R.
min S(x):
R

S(x)=1+2x;
S(x)=0, =-0,5;
(- ;-0,5) S(x)<0 (- ;0,5],
(0,5;+ ) S(x)>0 [-0,5;+ ),
=-0,5 - S(x) R;
min S(x)=S(-0,5)=-0,25.

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(;+ )

: -0,5.

323.
,
.
2 2 S(x)=

S(x)=

1
x c 2 x 2 , x (0;c).
2

(c 2 x)(c + 2 x)
x2
c 2 2x 2
1
=
=
;
x c2 x2 2
2
2
2
2
2 c2 - x2
2 c x
2 c x

S(x=0), x=

c
2

S(x)>0, x 0;

c
,
2

S(x)=0, x=

187


; c ;
2
c

S(x)<0, x

c c2
=
max S(x)=S
;
( 0; c )
2 4
c

c
c
=
c 2
, ...
2
2

324.
319.
max S(x)=S( 2 r )=2r2, r . ..
( 0;2 r )

( )=

4r 2- 2 r

2 r ,

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2r .

325.

|AB|=|BC|=x, BAO = ABO = .


x=2rcos , cos =
|AC|=2xsin =2x 1
|BD|=xcos =
SABC(x)=
188

x2
4r 2

x
;
2r

x2
;
2r

x3
1 x3
x2
1
|AC| |BD|=
1 2 = 2 4r 2 x 2 , x (0;2r).
2
2 r
4r
4r

max S(x):
( 0;2 r )

S(x)=
=

3x 2
4r 2

4r 2 x 2

x 2 ( 3r -x)( 3r + x)
r 2 4r 2 x 2

x4
4r 4 4 r 2 x 2

x 2 (3r 2 x 2 )
r 2 4r 2 x 2

S(x)=0, x= 3r (0;2r);
S(x)>0, x (0;
max S(x)=S( 3r )=

( 0;2 r )

3r ), S(x)<0, x ( 3r ;2r);
2 3r 2
.
4

, |AB|=|BC|= 3r |AC|= 3r , ..
, ...

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189