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U S IN GT H E dB CONVERSION

CHART
The accompa.nyingchart allows dB ratios to be easily computed To find the ntio, simply divide the larger of the two giyen num.
using the ratio of two voltagesor powe$. The formulas fbr dB bers by the smaller using a calculator, slide rule, or longhand
ratios ate: division. If the top number in the ratio is the larger, the result is
E1 read as +dB, and if the bottom is the larger, the result is -dB.
For two given voltages:dB = 20 Loglg -=:-.
El2 EXAMPLE 1: Find the dB ratio of 10,000 uV and 250 uV.
For two given powers: dB = l0 togfO soLUTION: Ratio = 10-000. Divide smaller number into
4-. 250
r2 larger - 40. Find 40 on chart and locate number
on bottom grid for voltage ratio. Result is 32 dB.
The chart eliminates Log calculations by simply finding the Since the largel number is on top, result is
ratio of the two given numben (either voltagesor powen) on +32 dB.
the lower scale of the graph and referring to the left numbers if
the ratio is for powen or the right if the ratio is for voltages. SXAI{-it p 2: Find the dB ratio of .69 l{afts and 2.6 Watts.
SOLUTION: Ratio - Divide smaller number into lar.
+.
ger number - 3.8. Find 3.8 on chart and locate
number on bottom gfid for power ratio. Result is
5.8. Since the larger.number is on the bottom,
result is -5.8.
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