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Getting Started with Windows 7

Windows XP
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7

Migrating
from
Windows
XP , , Windows 7
Windows 7 is Windows
best experienced
on a new PC
with theXPlatest
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if your computer
meets
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XP.
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minimum specications, you can install Windows 7 on a PC running Windows XP. Windows 7 must be
. Windows 7 custom installed
(alsoknown
as a clean
installation)
over
Windows XP
. Before beginning
the installation,


,


youll
need to.
copy your
les and
settings
to an external
drive. After
WindowsWindows
7 has been
installed you will

7,

.
need to re-install all of your programs using the original installation media and then copy over the les
and settings
you
backed up
your external

toWindows
7 drive. Because Windows 7 requires a custom installation, we
strongly recommend that you get help with this process from your local computer service provider.
, Windows Vista, Windows 7.
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7 Upgrade

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PC can run
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7. But if youre
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not
,

Vista, or are just not sure if your system is ready to run Windows 7, theres an easy way to check. Just use
.
,
Advisor.
,


the Windows
7 Upgrade
Youll
get a report
telling
you if
your PC can
run Windows
7 and if
there
.
are any known compatibility issues with your programs or hardware, like printers or scanners. If theres a
. Windows 7 .
http://windows.microsoft.com/upgradeadvisor.
x, youll get suggestions for next steps. For example, it will let you know if you need

an updated driver

for your printer and show you where to get it.


Note: To learn more about the Windows Upgrade Advisor, visit http://windows.microsoft.com/upgradeadvisor

Windows

16

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17

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Windows
,
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Windows
Compatibility
Center

, . You
may want
to know
if your
devices
and software
will workwith
computer,
you have
all

Windows
Vista,

Windows
your

and
that

the latest updates so your stuff works the way its supposed to. First introduced with Windows Vista, the
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where you
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ing
devices
applications
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double-check
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your new purchases
work
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too. The Compatibility Center is updated frequently so you can nd the most current software and drivers
Windows
to.
make things
run perfectly. You can even share feedback with Microsoft to help improve the Compathttp://www.microsoft.com/windows/compatibility.

ibility Center or get help from the Windows community.

Note: To learn more about the Windows Compatibility Center, visit http://www.microsoft.com/windows/compatibility.

Windows

Getting Started with Windows 7


Windows7

Windows Easy Transfer

Windows Easy Transfer helps you move les, folders, program settings, and system settings from your
Windows
old PC to your new one. With the newest version of Windows Easy Transfer, you can leave the transfer
Windows , ,
unattended. If Windows encounters a le or setting that it cant transfer, it will complete the rest of the
. .
migration
and then
you any
items that failed
to transfer
and give
the option to
try again.
-
show

you
,

, .
Windows Easy Transfer also works well if youre adding a second PC. With the new Windows Easy Transfer

Windows

le explorer,
you can
see les
on other
PCs
and choose
the ones
you want
to copy to
your
new PC. If
, ,
youre not sure
you
want to transfer,
youcan
use the
Selective Restore
feature
to save all the

what

.

,
new
,

les and settings on your old PC to removable media. You can then choose the les and settings
you

want to transfer. Everything else remains safely stored in your Windows Easy Transfer archive, in case you
Windows , .
want to access it later.
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Youll need the
same
of Windows
Transfer
on all PCs
to transfer
les, folders, program

version

.Easy


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7

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settings, and system settings. For PCs running Windows 7, Windows Easy Transfer automatically copies
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the latest
version of
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other PCs
running
Windows
7 after
youve connected
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Windows
XP,Windows
Easy

Windows 7
If youre running
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or Windows
XP, however,
will need
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Windows 7 version of Windows Easy Transfer on your PC from the installation media in Windows 7 before
you can begin transferring data.

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Windows 7 for You: Simplies Everyday Tasks


Simple to Navigate

Windows Taskbar

Windows7.

The taskbar is one of the most familiar aspects of Windows. When you open les and programs, their
icons show up on the taskbar so you can switch between them. Previous versions of Windows, however,


automatically
decide
whereon
the taskbar
to place
each item, Windows.
and the locations
sometimes
change
with

new sessions.

, . Windows
In Windows
the taskbar
puts
what you want to do at your ngertips. You decide where each program

7,

.
goes so you know precisely where to click. When you install a new program, its icon is temporarily placed
Windows 7 . at the
bottom of
the Start
menu
so you
can
drag it to
the taskbar
convenient
access
in the future.

.
for

You can pin frequently used programs to


,
the taskbar or even pin a specic document
to a program.
For example,
if you
are work.

ing

on a large document over the course


of
. ,
a week, you might want to pin your word
,
processing
program
to the taskbar
the


and

document to that program. That way, youll



.
always have a fast way to launch the docu .
ment and continue working.

Youll see
live taskbarthumb


nails of each open window
so
. youcan
keep track
of theles

Peek

andAero
programs
youre
using
and

select them more easily. Rest


, your cursor
on.
the thumbnail,

and Aero Peek brings the full size


window into focus. You can also
close a window directly from the
thumbnail preview window.

,
.

28

28

29

29

,
. When you have a large number of windows open for
a program,
the open
windows for
that
program
are
:


Weve
.enhanced this list view by
displayed
as a list.

adding
the ability
to peek
at a
highlighted
window
or

even close a window directly from the list.


. ,
use

taskbar

Programs
the new
to provide
more infor,
mation in more intuitive ways. For example, you can see
, .
progress bars on a taskbar icon, so that you can stay
aware of progress without keeping the window visible.

.

Windows Taskbar Shortcuts

+T +t

Brings
focus
to the rst
item in
the taskbar.
Press

again to
cycle through
each.
item.

19
+#+
(19)


If a program
in the 1919
slot
is running,
the
,
keystroke
will
launch it.If .
it is running
one

with
window,
the
same keystroke
will switch
to that


,
.

,
window.
If it
is running
with multiple
windows,

the keystroke will cycle between each thumbnail
.
of the
open windows
for that
program.

AeroAero
Peek.
(.

Peek will help you nd the right window. (Note:


ALT
+
WinKey
+
19

ALT+WinKey+# will open the corresponding


.)
programs Jump List)

SHIft +

icon
+ Launches a new instance of a program
SHIFT
+ click
on taskbar

Middle mouse button +


SHIft + ctrL +
click
on taskbar
icon

SHIFT
+ CTRL
+ + Launches
a new.
instance of a program in

click on taskbar icon


elevated security mode
ctrL +

Middle mouse button +


click on taskbar thumbnail

Closesthe
window
.

group

CTRL
+ click on a taskbar

Restores
the last
active .
window in the group.
Continued clicking will continue restoring the
successive windows in the group

Drag up from a taskbar icon

Opens Jump List

Windows7.

Tasks
Windows 7 for You: Simpli
es Everyday
Simple to Navigate


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30

30

31

31



Windows Desktop
Enhancements
. -
One
of the
many bene
ts of Windows
is the ability
to work,
with large
of documents
and

numbers

?
programs at the same time. But have you ever had to wade through a dozen open windows to get to the

Windows
7



right
document?
Or had to
minimize
a number
of windows to
view a gadget
on your
desktop? Or
do you
. , , Aero Peek.
often line up two windows so that you can easily compare their contents?
, .
desktop

With
enhancements
in Windows
7, working
with
multiple
windows
on your
desktop
is easier
than
(ALt + tAB), . ever. For instance, you can use Aero Peek to get a quick look at your desktop. Simply hover your cursor
.
over the far-right side of the taskbar and all your open windows will become transparent. You can also
peek at a specic window to see exactly where it is by either using the live thumbnail previews or by using
Windows Flip (ALT + TAB) to quickly cycle through running windows. Pausing on a thumbnail will bring
the highlighted window into full size view.

,
.

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Windows7.

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32

32

33

33


Windows

Explorer, , .

Windows 7 .

As you use your
PC more
and more,
you may
nd the number
les you have to
manage
getting
,

of

larger.
,
Windows


.
Explorer
in Windows
7 give
you a central
place to view
and
organize,
all the
les on
your
PC.

The new layout of Windows Explorer reduces clutter and makes better use of space, while an improved
, , , , .
navigation pane helps you nd and organize your leseven when those les are on other PCs in your
, home network. In addition, its now simpler than ever to sort your les according to how you want to see
. , ,
them with
newarrangement
such as
by author,
subject, date.
created, le
type, storage
location,

,
options

.
or any other tag or property.
The new Windows Explorer also shows you rich le previews so you can peek at the contents of any
le. Youll appreciate the
quick access to your favorite
locations, new buttons that
make it simpler to perform
common tasks, and the ability to sort les according to
your own criteria. Additionally, Windows Explorer always
displays the parent folder
your le is in so its easier to
know where you are.


.

New Explorer Shortcut


ALT + P
ALt + P

Show/Hide preview pane


Windows7.


Windows 7 :
, Windows 7,
. Windows Search Aero Desktop
.

Libraries

, ,

If you store
a large number
of
les in different
le folders
or
on several
PCs or
devices, you.
might nd

it hard to nd the exact le youre looking for or manage all your les efciently. Libraries canhelp.
At ,
most.
fundamental
level,
Libraries
area way
their

,
,

to view
les with common
characteristicseven
if
,

those les are located in different places.


The
.
of 7Libraries
is to make
it easier
to view,
purpose
Windows

,
,
organize,
manage,
and
search for leswithout
,

.
the hassle of organizing the les into specic
folders. Windows 7 automatically creates Librar

pictures,
,
ies for items
such as documents,
music,

and videos.
. ,
thing


The great
about Libraries
is that
they
, make the actual location of your les irrelevant.
, Whether
les are
locatedSearch,
in different
folders on

Windows

or
your PC, on
a different
drive,
even a different
, PC in your home network that Windows Search
,
indexed,
Libraries help you consolidate all
has

.
those les and their locations so you can browse

Windows7
.

and search across them as if they were in one


location.


.

34
34

35
35

, - .
You can even arrange and view the les in your Libraries by some of its metadata. For example the
, You
can and
even
arrange
view
the
les
in your
by the
some
of itstaken
metadata.
example
the
Month
Day
views
in the
Library
group
together
photos
on theFor
same
date. And
,

and

Pictures

Libraries

the

.
Month
and
Day
views inathe
Library
group
photos
taken onthe
theshorter
same date.
And
the
Videos
Library
features
wayPictures
to arrange
les bytogether
length sothe
you
can separate
clips from
Videos
Library features
to arrange
the les
by length soyou
can separate the
shorter
clips from
the
longer
movies.

Windowsa way
Search

the longer movies.


Libraries
are
automatically
by Windows

indexed

.Search so viewing and searching is fast. And because its
Libraries
are to
automatically
indexed
by Windows
Search multiple
so viewing
andofsearching
fast.
And because
its
easier to get
all your items,
you wont
end up keeping
copies
the sameisle
in different
folders.
easier to get to all your items, you wont end up keeping multiple copies of the same le in different folders.


,

.



, . ,
, ,
, ,
,
.

.
,
.



Windows7.


Windows 7 for You: Simplies Everyday Tasks
Easier to Find Things



, - Improved
Search
Relevance
. Windows 7 ,
When .
searching for
something,
you probably
want to
nd it quickly without spending
a lot
of effort


wading through extraneous items. Windows 7 makes search results more relevant and easier to under , , ,
The search
engine uses an improved algorithm to determine relevance and rank results. Within
stand.

.
your search results, words from the search query appear highlighted within snippets of le content, le
names, le paths, and tags so you can easily see why they were included in your results.


.

Its also
simpler
to specify
where
you want,
to search,
it is in a,
speci
c folder on
a hard

whether

disk
.
,

drive or in a Library. Searches initiated from the Start menu look at all the data in your Libraries, while
.
searches conducted from Windows Explorer look within the particular folder or Library that youre

, ,
already browsing.
, .



.
,
In addition,
the Query
Builder featurefound
in the Search
box in Windows
Explorerhelps
you

search smarter by presenting dynamic lter suggestions that help you narrow your results. The
, .
Query Builder uses the properties and metadata of your documents to help you rene your search
results. For example, you can rene a search in your Documents Library by date modied or document type you are looking for. The Search box also shows you a list of your recent searches in case


you want to run


themagain.

. , , -.

Windows 7 .
Federated
Search
Windows 7 ,
Most

people
. dont store all their les and content in one place. Instead, their information is scattered across
multiple PCs,
external.hard
disk drives,
servers,
and Web sites.
With .
Federated Search in
.


Windows
7 -
Windows 7, you can extend your search beyond your PCand even beyond your Librariesto nd

what you need. Just add a search connector to your favorite locations to Windows 7, and you can
search them as well.
Note: For more information, please see the Windows 7 for IT Professionals section of this document.

36
36

37
37

Easy to Browse the Web

,,.
InternetExplorer7
As people spend more time online, their demands on the browser have increased. Since Microsoft
,-,
,.
delivered Internet Explorer 7, millions of people around the world have taken advantage of its tabbed
InternetExplorer8,
browsing, the built-in search box, and other features to improve their Web browsing experience. Internet
.
Explorer 8 takes these features a step further to help meet your browsing expectations.


Internet explorer 8
.
, . ,

. Internet explorer 8 ,

. , Internet explorer 8,
, Bing, Wikipedia,
Amazon.com, -
the New York times, Yahoo!, eBay, Oneriot,
eSPN, Photobucket tinyPic. ,

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Internet explorer 8
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Internet explorer 8
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Web Slices
E-mail, weather, sports scores, stock

Windows7.

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quotes, or auction item statusthere are

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Web
sites Slices
we visit multiple times during

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theE-mail,
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Web
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Internet
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38

and services.

39

38

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39

39


Smart
Address Bar

Internet
explorer
the
,

Web


If
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know 7,
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The Find dialog box in Internet Explorer 7 helps you locate specic content on a Web page, but it can
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that it doesnt hide any of the content on the page. This toolbar is also linked to the Internet Explorer 8
Search box, so you can rst nd a specic Web page and then nd the desired text on the page.

Windows7.

Easy
to Connect PCs and Manage Devices

More than half of all U.S. households have more than one PC. If you live in one of those households,

you may have experienced trouble setting up a network or found that the PCs in your home dont work
together
as
well as they
could. Even
when
your PCs
are successfully
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sharing

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content
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and ,
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makes
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After
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with
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can
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PCs that you
join the
homegroup.
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what you
want
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can
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HomeGroup,
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specify


keep
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things
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what
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HomeGroup private
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PCs that are
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Policy Improvements
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and IT professionals can use Group Policy to stop employees from joining a homegroup. (See Group
Policy Improvements in the IT Professionals section for more information.)


.

, , ,
Windows 7.

Windows7.

WindowsConnectNow

Windows
Connect
Now
. Windows connect Now Windows 7,
The rst step
sharing information
between PCs
is to connect them
to a network. Windows Connect

in

Now is
a feature of
Windows
that makes
it fast and
easy to
set up
your
home
or of
ce network
and

connect

Windows
7

.
Windows
connect
Now

additional PCs.
, In the past,its
been
difcult
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network
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all you have
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.

up

Now,

.
router that has the Compatible with Windows 7 logo and click Connect. Windows Connect Now walks



,
security

you through
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Within minutes

Windows
7

you will have a highly secure wireless network setup to protect your family and personal information.
WPS.

to

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When it comes time
add
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new network, you dont even have to remember the
network security key. Windows 7 automatically detects your network and prompts you to use the Wi-Fi
Protected Setup push button on your router. The router then applies your network and security settings
to any additional PCs you are connecting.

WindowsConnectNow

42
42

43
43


. Windows 7 .


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Windows 7 for You: Simplies Everyday Tasks


Windows7.
Easy to Connect PCs
and Manage Devices

Device Stage
DeviceStage
Do
you have a lot of digital devices like phones, music players, or digital cameras? Device Stage helps

,
status
,

you
manage all
of your devices
more
efciently by
showing
you the
of each
and displaying
the
? Device Stage , common things you can do with them in a single familiar window. When you connect portable devices
such
as digital
cameras and
cell phones
your PC, youll
see a photo,
realistic image
right
on
the taskbar.

to


launch

.
From
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device

Stage
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for the device with a right-click of your


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For
.
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media between Windows 7 and cell phones7
or
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phone or

even see how much remaining storage


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available
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camera. ,
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Each Device Stage window has the same
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If a desktop
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PC maker
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content

Device
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Device
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stage, youll see your PC in the Device Stage screen. Just double-click a PC icon in the Devices and Print-
, Device Stage.
ers folder, and you can use Device Stage to help manage it.

Monitor
Support


LCD
monitors are
becoming more
popular because
of their
slim size, crisp
text, and ,
superior graphics
-



ts
-

capabilities.
However,
you might not
be getting all.
the bene
from your LCD
monitor that you
could.
.

Windows
7

,
Windows 7 improves support for monitorsespecially LCD displaysto help you get the most out of . them.
can
adjust the size
of text, optimize
its clarity,.
and color-calibrate
your monitor. ,
And if you have
You
,


.
a laptop,
you
can moreeasily
take advantage
of external displays.

44

44

45

45

Improved
Support
for External
Displays
Improved Support for External Displays

display

at
If
you have a laptop,
you may
want
to connect
it to an external
to watch
a movie
home or

Windows
7

,
If you have a laptop, you may want to connect it to an external display to watch a movie at home
or
give
a presentation
at work. Windows
7 makes
it easier
to connect
to external
displays
because
all of the

give a presentation at work. Windows 7 makes it easier to connect to external displays because all of the
common
display-related
features
are
gathered
one place,
under Display in
Control
Panel. You
can use
.

Winkey
+ P in


common display-related features are gathered in one place, under Display in Control Panel. You can use
.
the Windows key + P shortcut to toggle between your laptop screen and an external display.
the Windows key + P shortcut to toggle between your laptop screen and an external display.


.

New Projection Shortcut


New
Projection
Shortcut
+P
++PP

Shows projection options


Shows
options
projection

Display Color Calibration


Display Color Calibration

Ever notice that colors vary on different devices, monitors, or when printed? Display Color Calibration

Ever notice that


colors
vary on different devices, monitors, or when printed? Display Color Calibration
in Windows 7 helps you adjust your display to be as close as possible to the computer industry (sRGB)
,
you

in Windows
7 helps
adjust your ,
display to be
as close as possible
to the
computer
industry
(sRGB)
standard
color
representation
so that
colors
will appear
the same
on different
screens.
It guides you
?

Windows
7

standard color representation so that colors will appear the same on different screens. It guides you

srGB,
controls,

through
a simple
series of
adjustments using
your displays
front-panel
on-screen
controls,
and
through a simple
series
of adjustments
using your
displays
front-panel
controls,
on-screen
controls, and
.

easy-to-use visual calibration targets.

,
targets.

easy-to-use
visual calibration
.

High DPI Support


High DPI Support

Microsoft research shows that only half of the people who use Windows have their displays set to the
Microsoft research
shows that,
only half of the
use Windows
have their displays
to the

people
who

Windowsset
native resolution, with many people decreasing the resolution of their displays because they cant read
native

resolution, with many people decreasing the resolution of their displays because they cant ,
read
the
small textof
the higher
resolution.
Unfortunately,
doing
this can make
text and parts
the user


.
,
-of

the small text of the
higher resolution.
Unfortunately, doing this can make text and parts of the user

you
interface
appear fuzzy,
and it prevents
from
interface
appear
fuzzy, and it prevents
you
from

,

viewing digital photos or high-denition video at

viewing digital photos or high-denition video at


full.
delity.
If you
have
the right hardware
and

full

delity.
If
you
have
the
right
hardware


Windows and
7
display
drivers, Windows
7 will automatically
display drivers,
Windows 7
will automatically

select the optimal display resolution for your

select the
optimal
display
resolution
for
your
monitor.
if you
want ,
to, you can make
your
And

monitor. And
if you
want%.
to, you can make your

125 %

text
more readable
by 150
choosing to display it at
text more readable by choosing to display it at
125 percent or 150 percent of its normal size.
125 percent or 150 percent of its normal size.



.

Windows7.


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47

Windows Live Messenger


Windows Live Messenger makes it effortless to connect to your favorite people or groups, chat via IM,
video or voice, play games, share photos and monitor whats new with your circle of friends. The latest
release of Messenger doesnt just feature a brand new look and feelits also designed so that you can

WindowsLiveMessenger
personalize nearly everything. For instance, you can change your prole picture, background scene, and
Windows
Live Messenger

status messages
whenever
you like,
create
a
Windows
Live
Messenger

,
dynamic Live
avatar,
and record
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video. Youto connect to your favorite people or groups, chat via IM,
Windows
Messenger
makes
it effortless

can
even
designate
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signature
sound
,

and
-monitor whats new with your circle of friends. The latest
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a
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.
Windows Live Movie Maker
Are you looking for a better way to share and show off your videos and snapshots? Windows Live
Movie Maker makes it fast and easy to make great-looking movies and slideshows from your videos and
photos. Its simple to import standard or high denition video and photos, and have AutoMovie add
animations,

music,

and

a title in minutes.
Then Maker
Windows
Live Movie
justyou
burnlooking
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a way to share
WindowsLive
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DVD*
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Movie
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movies and
slideshows from
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Windows
to
YouTube
to
share.

.
photos. Its simple to import standard or high denition video and photos, and have AutoMovie add

animations, music, and
a title,
in minutes.
Then

just

burn your movie to a


.
DVD* or upload it directly
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available
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WindowsLive

Windows 7 for You: Simplies Everyday Tasks


Easy to Windows7.
Communicate and Share

Windows Live Photo Gallery


WindowsLive
After you import photos to your PC running Windows 7, use Windows Live Photo Gallery to edit, organize,
and publish them
to the Web. You
even tag photos
in Photo
Gallery
so that you
can easily nd
them
,

can

Windows
7,
,


later.

Windows
Live.

Windows Live Photo Gallery not only incorporates a revolutionary face-detection technology that
. Windows Live helps make
people-tagging
simple,

but it
also offers
photo-stitching,
a
,

feature that lets you build panoramic


,
views from
a collection
of photos. With

Windows
Live.
Photo Gallery,
you can

WindowsLive
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publish to Windows
and

other popularWindows
photo-sharing

Live services,

and you can


order prints
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thousands of print services partners


aroundthe
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.
WindowsLive
Windows Live Photo Gallery

WindowsLive
Windows
Live
Writer

Windows
Live Windows Live -

, Blogger, WordPress, typePad, LiveJournal community Server.


Windows Live Writer, a blogging program, gives you the tools you need to blog on Windows Live Spaces
, Windows.
in addition
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popular
blogging
services
such
as Blogger,
WordPress,
TypePad,
and

Windows
Live


.
LiveJournal,

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Community Server. Now you can create, preview, and publish content within a familiar interface based
Windows Live Microsoft Word,
on Windows. Windows Live Writer isnt just for hardcore bloggers. Its also a great storytelling tool thats
. ,
for anyone to
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creating
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blogentries
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easy

Youtube.
Microsoft Word, but with features that are specic to blogging. You can also arrange and edit images
within a blog entry and add videos from YouTube.

WindowsLive
Windows
Live Family
Safety

Windows
Live -. . .
Windows Live Family Safety can help you protect your children when theyre online. For more details,
please see the Parental Controls section of this document.

WindowsLive
Windows Live Toolbar
Windows Live

Windows
.

Windows Live,
LiveToolbar
gives you
at-a-glance
summaries
and access
to the people
and information
you
Windows Live Windows Live, ,
care about. Plus, you get quick access to other Windows Live services, such as Windows Live Mail and
.
Windows Live Calendar, so you can easily share stuff you nd on the Web.
. Windows Live . Windows Live Wave 3 Reviewers Guide.
Note: For additional information on Windows Live, please see the Windows Live Wave 3 Reviewers Guide.

48

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Windows Windows
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expresses
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.
In Windows 7, the Windows Experience Index has been updated to reect advances in processor, graphics, and hard disk technology. Maximum scores should generally be the same or higher for a computer
system
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all
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idle

.
for the processor, automatic dimming of the display, and more power-efcient playback for DVDs. Weve

Battery
and Windows
Notications
. Life

also
made battery
life noti
cations more prominent and accurate, so you know exactly how much power


youve used and how much battery time you have left.
. Windows 7
,

.
Idle
Processing
When
your PC is
idle, it uses
less power.
Windows 7 reduces background activities and supports the trig

ger-starting
of
system services,
so your PCs
processor
can be in
an idle
state for,
longer periods
of time.



. Windows 7


. , Windows 7
Adaptive
Display
Brightness
. , 30
The
display
on a typical
mobile
PC consumes
battery power
than any other
of
the PC.
Windows


,
more
,

part

. reduces display brightness if you are inactive for a period time, much like cell phones
7 60
automatically
do today. Windows 7 also adapts to your activity intelligently. For example, if the screen dims after 30
seconds and you immediately move the mouse to brighten the display, Windows 7 will wait 60 seconds
before dimming the display again.

:.

Windows7.

DVD-
Windows 7 DVD- . Windows
,
.

.
? Windows Vista
.
, Windows 7, . ,
, .
, , :
, .
- , ,
.

, : , ethernet. Windows 7 , , (
, ). - .

Windows 7
, , , ,
, . .
, .

52

53

64-
, , , 64- , . , 64- , 32- .
( 4 ),
. ,
, , 64-
. Windows 7 64- .

DirectX 11: DirectCompute


, Microsoft DirectX 11, DirectCompute ,
Windows 7. , ,
, . , Windows 7 .
DirectCompute ,
.
DirectCompute, ,
DirectX 11. (. DirectX: Direct3D 11 .)

Windows7.
Windows 7 for You: Works
the Way You Want

More
Secure

More
Secure

Whether your hard disk drive contains irreplaceable family photos or the nancial data critical to your business,
,
the information on your PC is valuable. Viruses, spyware and other unwanted software, root kits, and phishing
,.
scams,,,
pose a constant risk today. In Windows Vista, we created multiple layers of defense to help protect you
().WindowsVista
against
online and ofine threats. Windows 7 builds on this foundation of security with new and improved
.
features. In addition, weve created new ways to protect your data and help safeguard against loss, theft, or
,Windows7.
accidental
erasure due to hardware failures. Windows 7 even provides new ways to securely store data and
,,
-.Windows7
les on
removable USB storage devices making them less risky for transporting and sharing data.
,
,.

User Account Control




The User Account Control (UAC) feature we introduced in Windows Vista has been successful at reducing
, Windows Vista,
the incidence
of malware
infection, with
Vista customers
experiencing
percent
fewer malware

Windows

Windows
XP 60

Windows
60 %.
SP2.

, of

infections
than users of
XP with
However,
weve heard
your
call for better control
how . Windows 7 often a UAC prompt launches a notication window. In Windows 7, you wont see as many prompts
,
because fewer operating
system
programs
and tasks
require
elevation.
And if you
administrative

,
have


.
privileges,
you
can adjust what

you are prompted for. In order

to help ensure
your
security,
the

in
UAC .
control panel runs
a high
integrity process. Any change to

the level of the UAC will prompt
.
for conrmation.


,
.

54

54

55

55

Parental Controls

If youre a parent, Windows 7 Parental Controls can give you greater peace of mind and condence in
your ability
to manage what
your kids
can do on
PC. You can
specify
which
PC games
your
children

Windows
7 the

,
can play and which programs they can use. You can even specify the times when your child is allowedto
.
use the,
PC.

.
Windows
Live Family Safety
is a free
that works
with Windows
7 and gives
you tools to
manage

Windows
Livedownload

Windows
7,

.
,

and monitor what your children do on the Web. For example, Web ltering and contact management
help
-
you manage who your chil dren can
talk
to on Windows
,

Windows
Live
Live Hotmail, Messenger and
Hotmail, Windows Live Messenger
Spaces. When you customize
Windows Live.
settings for
of your
the

each

children, youll even get an


,
activity report that informs
,
you how your
children have


-
been using the PC
and what
.
Web sites they have visited.
And
with the ability
to view

reports or modify settings


, remotely, you can keep tabs
.
on your kids no matter where
you are.


,
.

Windows 7 for You: Works the Way You Want


More Secure
Windows7.

Internet Explorer Security


InternetExplorer
The Web can be a dangerous place, with sites that attempt to download malicious code, trick you
into divulging
personal
information,
or track
your actions
your knowledge
or consent.
Internet

without

.
Explorer 8 improves your defense against security and privacy threats, and includes the ability to help Internet
explorer 8 , identify
malicious sites
and block
the download
of malicious
software. .

SmartScreen
SmartScreen
Filter

Internet explorer 8 ,

Microsoft
SmartScreen
Microsoft
SmartScreen
lter in Internet Explorer 8 boosts the anti-phishing protection found in Inter Internet explorer 7: - , net Explorer
7 by more
closely
examining
the entire
Web
address
and comparing
it to a
continually

SmartScreen



,checks

centrally

updated
reputation
database.
If SmartScreen
is active,
the browser
with the
hosted

,service

.site
isnt

,
reputation
on the
Web to help
ensure that the
a known
phishing or
malware
hosting
,
site. It also noties
you
if youve navigated to a site that is known to distribute malicious software or has

.
attempted to download les that others have reported as unsafe.

SmartScreen
.

56

56

57

57

Cross-Site Scripting Filter


Cross-Site
Scripting
Filter
You
could do
everything
right with respect to securitysuch as always installing the latest security
updatesyet
remain vulnerable
some types
of security threats.
For example,
You could do still
everything
right with to
respect
to securitysuch
as always
installing cross-site
the latest scripting
security
attacks
are
a
leading
threat
against
Web
sites
and
can
be
used
to
steal
cookies
or
other
data,
deface

updatesyet
still remain vulnerable
to some types of security threats. For example, cross-site scripting
pages,
or
launch
exotic
attacks.
not
a browser
vulnerability
in
attacks
are
acredentials,
leading threat
againstmore
Web
sites and
can Cross-scripting
be
to stealis cookies
or other
data,
deface
steal
,

used

(,

itself,
but
Internet
Explorer
8launch
includes
a Cross-Site
Scripting
lter that
runs
silently
in the
background

),

pages,
steal
credentials,
or
more
exotic attacks.
Cross-scripting
is-
not
a browser
vulnerability to
in

.
,

help
detect
type-1 cross-site
scriptinga attacks.
If an
attack is
detected,
thesilently
lter sanitizes
the script to
itself,
but Internet
8 includes
Cross-Site
Scripting
lter
that
runs
in the background
to
,
Explorer

cookie
,

prevent
it
from
doing
harm.
help
detect
type-1
cross-site
scripting
an attack
is detected,
the .
lter sanitizes
the
script
to
,

attacks.
If

doing

prevent
it from
harm. , Internet explorer 8
,

, Domain
Name
Highlighting
1. , .
Domain
Name
Highlighting
Phishing sites
frequently
use part of a legitimate domain name in a Web address to trick people into

thinking
on a trusted,
familiar
site. Internet
8 highlights
the domain
portion
Phishing they
sitesare
frequently
use part
of aWeb
legitimate
domainExplorer
name in
a Web address
to trickname
people
into

of
the
Web
address
in
the
Address
bar
in
bold
text,
making
it
easier
for
you
to
tell
which
site
youre
on ,
thinking they are on a trusted, familiar Web site. Internet Explorer 8 highlights the domain name portion

-.

Internet
and
helping
you identify
phishing
sites
other
deceptive
sites.
ofexplorer
the
Web8 address
in the
Address
barand
in
bold
text,
making
it easier,
for you to
tell which
site youre on

.
and
helping
youidentify
phishing
sites and other
deceptive
sites.


.

InPrivate
, : ,

. InPrivate Internet explorer 8 ,
, , , cookie
.

InPrivate

Windows7.

InPrivate Filtering

InPrivate
You probably
that the
sites you visit
can track
your
activity, but
you may
not be fully
aware
,
know
,
Web

of

the degree to which additional Web sites and content providers can track you as well. Most Web sites
. - .
today are mosaics of content that come from many different sites. As a result, the sites you visit often pull
,
in content from
third-party
sites,
which
can
track your
activity
even though
youre
not aware
of it. There

are many security risks inherent in this modelyou can be exposed to potentially malicious content
from
, -.
every third-party site that is referenced.
InPrivate Internet explorer 8
InPrivate
Filtering in
Internet Explorer 8 isdesigned

to protect
your privacy
by helping
prevent
infor

.
mation about the Web sites that you visit from
automatically
being shared
with
other sites.
It works

,a
by observing
the Web
sites you visit
and building

.
table of the unique calls for third-party content
or
InPrivate
objects that are
for each unique
domain.

observed

,
When InPrivate Filtering is active, it blocks third
10. based on the default threshold of 10
party content
unique such observances.

InPrivate

.


-, , , Data Execution Prevention
. ,

.

Some Internet-based
threatssuch
as
a virus disguised
as
a pictureexploit
certain
types of
memory- ,
related vulnerabilities. Data Execution Prevention helps prevent code that resides in memory space
.
marked as nonexecutable from running. This security feature works silently in the background, helping to

and

protect against
viruses
malware
being installed on your PC without your knowledge.
- - ?
Tab
Internet
explorer
8

Isolation
and
Crash
Recovery ,
( , .). Have
you
ever been
in the middle of lling
out
a long
form on a(
Web
site when the browser crashed, forc

).
ing you to start over? In Internet Explorer 8, if a tab does crash, it is automatically restored and reloaded,
and any information you may have already entered on the page (such as writing an e-mail or lling out
a form) is restored. Similarly, if the entire browser crashes or closes unexpectedly, Internet Explorer 8
restores the entire session (including all tabs).

58

58

59

59

Windows
Windows
Filtering Platform
Windows, Windows 7, The Windows Filtering Platform (WFP) architecture in Windows 7 helps software companies create
, , rewalls,
software,
and other
types
of applications
services that
work with Windows.
For
antivirus
Windows.
,

WfPand

Windows,
of
example,
third-party developers
canuse
the WFP to
create a product
that selectively
turns parts
the
, Windows.
Windows Firewall on or off, which allows you to choose which software rewall you want to use and have
, it coexist
with
Windows
Firewall. Windows
As a result,

7. youll have a wide range of choices for security software, yet


know that they will work with your PC running Windows 7.

BitLocker
BitLocker


Each
year, hundreds
of
thousands of PCs
,
are
retired, lost,
or stolen. .
BitLocker,
which

was
introduced
in Windows
Vista, gives
rstBitLocker,

Windows
Vista,

you a way to encrypt your hard disk


drive

to
better protect
data in case
your laptop
is

stolen
or
lost.
In Windows
7, weve
improved7

.
Windows

BitLocker in many ways. For instance, you can


. , now
right-click
drive to
enable BitLocker

a BitLocker
protection.
addition,
you no.
longer
need
In


disk

to,
repartition
your hard
drive, because
:
BitLocker
creates
thenecesBitLockerautomatically

sary
hidden
boot partition.
also
easier
to

Its
.

recover your data with Data Recovery Agent



(DRA)
support for
all protected volumes.

BitLocker
.

Note:
For more information
on this feature,
please
.

seethe
Windows
7 for IT Professionals
of 7

. section
Windows
- .
this
document.

BitLocker
To Go
BitLockerToGo

There
numerous
ways
you can
lose
your
data without
losing
your PC, especially
if you use USB-USB
are

.
,

ash
drives
and other personal
storage
devices. For
example, you
might want
to take
your household

budget to a meeting with your nancial advisor or transport some



work
to a PC in
your home
using a removable
storagetodevice.

. BitLocker
Go
,

BitLocker
To Go extends
support for BitLocker
drive
encryption
BitLockerstorage

USB-

to
USB removable
devices,
such as ash memory
drives
, - and
hard
disk drives,
helping protect
those
portable
.
the
data
on
if theyre
lost
or

devices
stolen.
When
you
use BitLocker
to Go,
BitLocker
to
Go

your data will be protected with a password, helping to ensure


. , that
only
authorized
people
can access
it. In to
addition,
you can


BitLocker
Go


using

view
the information
on a device
BitLockerWindows
To Go withXPa
PC
Windows
Vista.
running Windows XP or Windows Vista.
Note:
For more information
on this feature,
please
see
.


the.
Windows
7 for
IT Professionals
section of this document.

Windows
7 -
.

BitLockerToGo
.

Windows7.


,
.
,
. Windows 7 .
,
.
, . ,
,

,
DVD-.
Windows 7 :
,
.
,
.





, ,
.
, . Windows XP, .
Windows 7 , .
, , ,
. , , .

60

60

61

61

Compatible
With You
Windows,

.Windows7
A cluttered
Windows desktop is like a cluttered deskit can make it harder to focus on the task at hand.
.,

When you
start using Windows 7, youll immediately notice its clean and uncluttered appearance. For
.
.,
example, the Notication Area in the lower-right corner displays only four icons by default. New icons dont
,
appear .,,
automatically when you install programs. Instead, you control what gets placed where, so your
desktop.Windows7
stays clean and reects your personal preferences. Of course, you may want to change the desktop
.
and add or delete gadgets and desktop themes. With Windows 7, youll nd more options than ever.

Aero
Windows 7 , . , . ,
.

16 ( 8,
Windows Vista). Windows 7
,
.
.
. .




Windows

Windows7
.

Windows7.

, ?
Aero Windows 7
.

.

, Windows Vista, Windows 7:


.
, , , .

.

62
62
62

63
63
63


Windows 7 , , Aero Glass, .
, Internet explorer rSS
, .
, ,
, .
, -
.
Windows 7 .
, . ,
, .
? , Windows 7. , ,
, , , Windows . - .

Windows XP Mode
WindowsXP
Do you want all the benets of the latest PCs but still need to run older business and productivity programs?

,
Windows 7 will run many Windows XP programs with no problem. But for those programs that require
- ? Windows 7
a PC running
Windows XP, small
and medium-sized
business
customers
can
use Windows
XP Mode.*
,

Windows
XP.
,

Windows

Windows
XP,
that

Windows XP*.
XP Mode
is a virtual
Windows
XP environment
works
on Windows
7 using
a virtualization
Windows XP Windows XP, Windows 7 technology, such as Windows Virtual PC. Once installed, you can set up Windows XP Mode with just a few
, Windows Virtual Pc. ,
clicks and
install your
programs

Windows
XP

Windows
within
the virtual
XP
environment. Youll be able to
Windows XP. open
your programs
right
from

your

7 desktop
Windows and
7
Windows
access printers and other USB
USB-,
devices just
you always
do.
.
like

Windows
XP

To use Windows
XP Mode,
your

PC will need to support proces.
sor-based virtualization.

WindowsXP
,WindowsXP.

* Windows XP ( )
Windows XP ( Windows 7 Windows 7 ) , Windows Virtual PC. Windows XP Windows Virtual PC
: www.microsoft.com/windows/xpmode.

Windows7.

Windows 7
Windows XP - ,
Windows 7 . , .

, Windows XP
Windows 7 . Windows 7
Windows XP, .
USB-
Windows XP - USB-, Windows 7. Windows XP - .
USB- , .
USB-,
Windows XP ( ), (
). , .
.

USB-
WindowsXP.

64

64

65

65

Better
Troubleshooting
and
Problem
Solving



We
created Windows 7 to help give you a trouble-free computing experience. But if problems do arise,
Windows7.
,,
Windows
7 noties you in more intelligent ways and makes resolution easier and faster. When something
.-Windows7,
in Windows 7 needs your attention, youll have one place to go, with troubleshooters that help solve
,,
many
common problems.
,.

Action Center

In previous versions,
es you thatsomething
needs attention
on your
PC by using pop-ups

Windows
Windowsnoti

or other messages. These messages are helpful if the problem requires immediate attention, but they can
, , ,
be very distracting
if the problem isnt urgent.

.
Windows
not only
helps
you
Windows
7 7

solve more
problems,
but it also
.
helps you solve them on your
, schedule. The
ActionCenter,
own


a new,
integrated
Control Panel
, experience, is the central place

for all tasks
notications
.
and

,
associated
with keeping
your
PC running safely and smoothly.
It makes
it easier for
you to x

problems yourself
by providing
a
.
new streamlined way to address

noti


cations
and manage
PC

,
,
issues, including
con
guring the


.

User Account
Control. 10 Windows,
Youll see
fewer
notications
on your desktop
because
the Action



,
Windows,
10

Windows, features,
Center consolidates
alerts from
existing Windows
,
Security
Center,
,Problem

including
Reports
and Solutions,
Windows
, , .
Defender,
Windows
Update,
Diagnostics,Network
Protection,

,
Access

and
,
Control.
,When
Backup
and.
Restore,
Recovery,
User Account

7needs

Windows
your attention,
youll
see a new
icon in the
notica tion area.
nd
out
more, click
icon to launch
a menu,
that gives
.
To

the

you

options
to x the
issue immediately
or go
to
the Action Center

.
for more details. If you dont have time to address the issue immedi
ately, the information you need will be waiting for you the next time

you visit the Action Center.


.

Windows7.

Windows
, , , ,
.
Windows, Windows 7, , . ,
,
,
,
.

, ,
.

,
.
.
Windows 7
Windows
.

. Windows 7 , ,
, .
Windows 7 ,
. , , .
, .
. Windows 7 - .

66

66

67

67

Windows 7

Aero

Aero.

-
Internet explorer.


DirectAccess


DirectAccess.


-.

ethernet,
.

Windows,
.

DVD-
Windows Media


DVD- Windows Media.

,
Windows.


Internet explorer.


Windows Media



Windows Media.


Windows Media


Windows Media .

Windows7.


,
, .
, ,
. Windows Vista ,
, , , .
Windows 7 , .
,
(,
), .
. . Windows 7 -
.

68

69

Windows 7 .



, . , ,
.
.


,-:DVD-,
,-.Windows7,,,
.,
.

Media the Way You Want It

Windows Media Center

Windows7.
Windows 7 for You: Makes
New Things Possible

Media
the
Way You Want It

With a streamlined user interface and support for new content types and digital TV, Windows Media

Center
in Windows
7 makes
viewing TV, movies, and other media content on your PC easier than ever.
Windows
Media
Center
WindowsMediaCenter
The new Electronic Program Guide (EPG) in Windows Media Center brings together both broadcast and

With a streamlined user interface and support for new content types and digital TV, Windows Media
Windows
Media
center
Windows

Internet TV
so you
can nd
all your7favorite
programs
in one place. , Center in
Windows
makes viewingTV,
movies, and
media content
on your
PC easier
ever.
7

other

, than

(EPG)
.

Windows
The
new Electronic
Program Guide
in Windows
Media
Center brings
together
both broadcast
and Media
Internet
TV
center -, ,
Internet TV so you can nd all your favorite programs in one place.
Windows
.
7 pulls the growing amount of media content on the Internet into the Windows Media Center
experience.TVYou can choose from a variety of online TV shows and movies, all organized and viewInternet
-
able with a consistent look
Windows
Windows77pulls
the
growing amount of media content on the Internet into the Windows Media Center
and feel.
With a
broadband

experience. You can choose from a variety of online TV shows and movies, all organized and view

connection, Windows
Media
able with
a consistent
look

Windows
Center is populated autoMedia
center.
and feel.
With
a broadband
matically with Internet
TV

connection, Windows Media

channels and content, which


Center
is populated auto,

are conveniently organized

matically with Internet TV


in the familiar
.
program

channels and content, which

guide for easy discovery.


are conveniently

organized
Windows
Note: Internet access is required.
Media
center

in
the familiar program
Free Internet TV content varies by
guide for easy
geography.
Somediscovery.
content may
-,
require
additional
fees.
Note: Internet accessis
required.


Free Internet TV
content varies

,
by

-
geography.
content may

Some
.
require additional fees.

.

Digital TV
.
. - .
.
Turn your PC into a digital video recorder by adding a broadcast TV tuner, which you can nd at many

popular
retail electronics stores. Windows 7 Media Center includes support for a wide range of TV
Digital TV

standards
to meet the

Turn your PC into a digital video recorder by adding a broadcast TV tuner, which you can nd at many
needs of television
viewers

, - popular retail electronics stores. Windows 7 Media Center includes support for a wide range of TV

,the

TV . Windows Media center


around
world. Digital
meet the
standards
Windows 7to
in Windows 7 works in more

-needs of
television
viewers
than
20 global
markets,
,

around the world. Digital TV

with certied
support for
in Windows
works in more

.7

the United States ATSC


than
Windows
7

20 global
markets,
and QAM
cable
standards,

20

with certied support for


,

Japans
ISDBstandards
the United
StatesATSC

(ISDB-T and ISDB-S), Euro


and
QAM cable
standards,
peanAtSc
DVB QAM,
TV standards

Japans ISDB standards

(ISDB-t
(DVB-T,
DVB-S),ISDB
and Pay
TV
ISDB-S), Euro(ISDB-T
ISDB-S),and

standards.

(DVB-t,
DVB-S)
pean DVB
DVBtVTV
standards
Pay tV.
(DVB-T, DVB-S), and Pay TV
standards.

70 71
.

70 71

70

71


Windows Media center, ( , ). ,
, .

Sharing TV around the Home

Windows Media center Windows 7 ,

Windows
If you have
multiple
PCs running Windows
Media
Center in your homegroup,
you can
access recorded
Windows
7,

.
TV Librariesin addition to your music, photos, and videoson those different PCs. You can also copy
a TV show
to your laptop
to enjoy on the go.
Windows Media
Center
in Windows
7 makes sure that all
unprotectedWindows
WindowsMedia
TV recordings
can be 7

center Windows


discovered, played, and copied by any PC running Windows 7 in your homegroup.
. , turbo Scroll
Enhanced
UI
. , . - ,
Through its enhanced user interface (UI), Windows 7 Media Center makes TV as personal as your PC. Its
? - . Windows
easy to setMedia
up, andcenter
fast to
nd the media you
want. For
the new Turbo Scroll
feature,
you can
,
example,
with

quickly move
through,
a large
Library or
TV guide by
pressing and holding
the right
arrow button.
When turbo Scroll, .
viewing a recorded TV show, you can quickly jump to a specic spot in a show by clicking the Seek bar.
Watching a live show
and want to see what
else is playing? A mini
guide can be viewed
on top of your show.
And because Windows
Media

Center

is

touch-enabled, with a
touch-enabled monitor
you can use your nger
to navigate the start
menu, program guide,
and photo galleriesor
even slide your nger
across

the

program

-,
,,
.

guide screen to turbo.


scroll through
listings. Windows 7, -,
.
Note: Some product features of Windows 7, such as the ability to watch and
record live TV, may require advanced or additional hardware.

Windows Media Player


Windows7.

Windows Media Player in Windows 7 plays more media and delivers a richer media experience
than


earlier versions. Whether you want to listen to your favorite songs while youre working or watch
a DVD

in full-screen mode, playback starts quickly and remains consistent. Windows 7 can also play more
types of media than ever before, so you can play more of your content without having to switch players
WindowsMedia

or download additional software.


Windows Media Windows 7
, . ,
Listen to
and,
View More

Media
DVD-, . Windows 7
Are you
tired of having
use different
media
players to
listen to,
transfer,
and manage
different
,
to-
,
view,

formats?

media
Windows
7 supports more
media
formats,
making it easier.
for you to manage and
play your media from one placeand to synchronize your media with a broad range of devices. In

most cases, if your device doesnt support the le type youre synchronizing or streaming, Windows will
, ,
that
content into a
format that?
the deviceyou
selected
will play.
convert

Windows
7
,

For example, lets say you want to sync a movie you captured with your Flip Video camera
from
your
. ,
PC
running Windows 7 to
a portable
media player
that does
not natively
Video movies. ,

,support
Flip

If the portable
device features
Compatible .
with Windows 7 logo, the le will automatically be

media

a
converted during
the sync
to a format
your portable device
can play. flip Video ,
,

Windows 7, , Windows 7 features built-in playback support for many common media formats, including WMV,
flip Video.
MPEG-4,
iTunes
non-digital rights
content
(including audioand
video
podcasts),
WMA,
Windows
7, most

managed

.
FlipVideo les, most DivX and XviD les, and most AVI les. Windows 7 also supports playback of
most
Windows

MOV7
les that are produced
by digital
cameras
and camcorders.
Windows 7 Home
Premium,

WMV,
WMA,
MPeG-4,

itunes,

Professional, Enterprise, and Ultimate editions will also play video from popular high-denition digital
( - ), flipVideo,
camcorders

DivX (AVCHD).
XviD, AVI-. , Windows 7 MOV, .
Windows
7
Now Playing
Mode, , (AVcHD).
Enjoying your favorite media on your PC has never been simpler. Windows Media Player includes a

new lightweight
playback mode. The compact size changes

youre

depending
on whether
playing a
song or video, and
, . Windows
the UI is streamlined for playback, with pause, skip, and
Media Player volume controlspresented
in an
uncluttered
interface
that
.

ts comfortably into a window on your desktop. Now Play), ing Mode is particularly useful when you have many windows
, ,
open because
it makes
it easy to control
your playback
expe

rience without overtaking your screen.


. , :
, .

72

72

73

73

Improved Content Filtering

In
Windows 7, content
that cannot
be played, such as Apples Lossless .M4A or H.263 MPEG-4 content,
will no
longer 7appear
in the music
or video
library view
so you dont (,
get distracted
by les
that wont
Windows
,

Apple
Lossless
.M4A H.263
MPeG-4),

work. But if you need to get them for some reason, these les will still be listed in the Other Media library . ,
in
Windows
Media Player. Windows Media.

Better Access to your Media


With
Windows 7,
you always
have quick access to media and how its played. For instance, Libraries


(described
earlier)
it
easy to
browse
and access
photos, music,
and videos
on other PCs and
Windows
7 make



.
,

(
)

,
devices on your home network. The content of Jump Lists in Windows Media Player on the Start menu
. and Windows Taskbar changes based on what you play, helping you quickly get to the media you use
Windows Media ,
the
most. Then, as
youre playing
you can
rest the mouse pointer
on the Windows
Media
Player

music,

.

Windows
Media

,
taskbar thumbnail to access playback controls or to just see the title of the song thats playing.
.

WindowsMedia
.

WindowsMedia

.

Windows7.

Media Streaming

As
you acquire
more PCs and devices, youll have more physical places to store your music, photos,
Media
Streaming

and
video.
But what if all
your music is on
a laptop, yet you
want to play
it on your main
PC
with the

As you acquire
more PCs ,
and devices,
youll have
more physical
places
to
store
your
music,
photos,

great speakers? Now, with Media Streaming, you can.


,

is

and video.
But what
if all your music
on a laptop,
yet you want
to play it on
your main PC
with the
When
you
join
a
homegroup
or
set
up
media
streaming
from
within
Windows
Media
Player,
the
music,

.
great speakers? Now, with Media Streaming, you can.
pictures,
and videos you want
to access will
be

When
you join a homegroup
or
set up media
streaming from within Windows Media Player, the music,

immediately available on other PCs and devices


pictures,
videos you want
to access
will
be

and

Windows
Media,
that are part of your homegroup, and, if you

immediately available on other PCs and devices


can even
be shared
with PCs
thatare
choose,

that are part


of your homegroup,
and,
if you

not part of your homegroup. The new media


choose,
can even
shared with PCsthat
are

,
be
,
sharing experience in Windows 7 is easier than

not part of your homegroup. The new media


ever to set
upand ,
you can add new PCs,

sharing
experience
in Windows 7 is
easier than

Windows
7,

media servers, and playback devices at any


ever toset
upand
you
can add
new PCs,
,

time. Windows 7 also makes it simpler to nd


,


media servers,
and
playback devices
at any
the settings you want
to change7 and
under.
Windows
to
time. ,
Windows 7 also
makes
it simpler
to nd

,
stand your choices. And of course, you can
settings
you want
to change
and to underthe

.
, ,

always restrict access to media you dont wish

,
stand your choices. And of course, you can
to share. .


always restrict access to media you dont wish



to
share.
Play
To

.


Do
Playyou
To have media on your PC that you want to play on your home entertainment system? More

and
more
consumer
electronics
devices have,
the capability
to connect
networks
or to the Internet.

to


Do you
have media
on
your PC
that you
want to play
on your
home entertainment
system? More

However, the user interfaces on those devices can be inconsistent or difcult to use, especially if you
and
more
consumer
.

to
electronics
devices have the capability
to connect
networks or
to the
Internet.
have a large
collection
of digitalmedia.

However, the user interfaces on those devices can be inconsistent or difcult to use, especially if you
.
Windows
7 helps
you use
your home
audio-video system and other networked media devices to play
have a large
collection
of digital
media.
Windows
7


music, watch
videos, and
display photosfrom
Windows 7 helps
you use
your home audio-video
system
and other networked
devices to play

,

media
.
your PC.
music, watch
videos, and
display ,
photos from


Using
your
PC
as
a
controller,
you
can
stream

your PC.

digital media
directly to a
supported
device on
Using yourPC
as a controller,
you can
stream

,
your home network such as a Compatible with

digital media directly to a supported device


on
Windows 7 Digital
Media
PC

Windows
7, Receiver,
another

your home network such as a Compatible with


Windows
7
Windows
Media
running Windows
7, or an Extender
for Windows
Windows
7 Digital
Media Receiver,
PC
center,

another
Media Center, such as an Xbox 360 video game

Xbox
360
.
running Windows 7, or an Extender for Windows
and entertainment system console.
Media Center, such as an Xbox 360 video game
and entertainment system console.




.

74

74

75

74

75
75

, ,
, ,
For
example, say .
youre sitting
on your
couch,
using your laptop
to read7 e-mail
or
surf the
Web,
and

Windows
,

Windows

,With


you
d like to
listen to some music,
butMedia,
your laptop
speakers
dont
sound good
enough.
Windows
7,
,

you can open Windows Media Player, right-click the song, album, or playlist youd like to hear, select Play
. , To,
and youll see
a list
of supported
devices,
and PCs on which
you can
play your music.
In most
cases,
if


. detect that
your
media receiver
cannot play
the
le format
for your media, Windows
7 will automatically
and translate the le into a format that your media receiver can play.




.

Windows 7 DLNA 1.5,


. Windows 7
Windows 7,
DLNA 1.5.

Windows7.

Remote Media Streaming

If youre like
most people,
your home
PC is the central place where you store and enjoy your photo,


music, and video collections. But you probably
also often,
take your laptop
to other
locations such
as
. , , .
hotels, airports, or coffee shops.
Windows 7 ,
Windows 7 offers
Remote
Media Streaming,
allows you
to access
your home-based
digital media

which


Windows 7,

Windows
7
Libraries over the Internet from another PC running Windows 7 outside the home. Just associate two
or
more

(,

PCs running Windows 7 with your online ID provider credentials (such as your Windows Live e-mail
Windows Live) .
address and
password)
and
allow Internet access
to your
media. Windows
Media Player
displays and
Windows
Media

.
plays the media Libraries from

remote PCs
the same
way it does
for thoseon
a home network.

,You

can even stream content from

any other
PC in your.
homegroup
.
that has enabled Remote Media

, Streaming.

Note: Corporate
networks
often block

home.
media streaming, so accessing
media libraries from other PCs over the
Internet may not be possible.


,
Windows7
.



Windows7.

76

76

77

77

Outstanding Sound
Whether youre playing music, watching a video, or listening to voicemail through your PC, you want
a 
high-quality sound experience. With improved sound management features in Windows 7, youll get

great
sound
for
both
entertainment
communications.
For instance,
Windows
7 automatically
routes

,
and


,
soundssuch
as music,
calls,
and Windows
soundsto
the right
devices. The
new HDMI feature
means
,

.

Windows
7


.
,
you
can stream
mono,
stereo,
or multichannel,
high-de
nition audio
and
video using
a single HDMI
Windows 7 , .
cable.
Windows
automatically
detects the
capabilities
of the device
andadjusts the
sound settings for
the

HDMI

-,

right
format
and number of
speakers. HDMI.

.

Gaming
For many people, gaming is a favorite pastime. Windows 7 includes new features and technology that

improve gaming. Windows 7 includes six basic games: FreeCell, Hearts, Minesweeper, Purble Place, Soli . Windows 7 taire,
and
Spider Solitaire.

, . Windows 7 :
, , , Purble Place, .
Home Premium, Professional, Enterprise, and Ultimate editions also include ve additional premium games:

,
,


Chess
Titans,
Mahjong Titans,
and three ,
new online multiplayer
gamesInternet
Backgammon,
Internet
: chess titans, Mahjong titans Checkers,
Internet Spades.. - -.
and
-,

():
-,-,-,ChessTitans.

Windows7.

Games Explorer

Windows 7. Windows
Games
Explorer,
is the center
for gaming
on Windows
7. Just type
games
in the Windows.
Search box, and Search

,

youll see all your games organized in one central location. Games Explorer provides information
about
,
games, such as game play statistics, ratings, and
,
requirements.
In addition,
you can
nd new games

or more information about your favorite games


, from online Game Providers right from Games
. ,
the Game Update
feature
within
Explorer.
With

Games Explorer, you can request to be notied


.
whenever there are updates for your games. And
as mentioned in the Parental Controls section of
this guide, you can even specify which PC games
your children can play.

.


,
.

78
78

79
79


.

,
.

64-
, ,
. ,
32- .
64- , . Windows 7
64- , .
DirectX: Direct3D 11
Direct3D 11, DirectX,
. DirectX 11
, ,
, . Direct3D 11 , DirectX 10.
(. DirectX 11: Directcompute .)

Windows7.

Work
Anywhere
,

,.Windows7
We live
in a mobile world, taking our laptops and devices with us as we move between home, work, and
,.

other
places. With Windows 7, you can easily get online and stay online as you move from place to place.
,-
,Windows7,
Whether youre switching from one network to another, attempting to access the Internet from a device,
.
or taking advantage of mobile broadband, Windows 7 helps keep you connected.



? Windows 7 .

,
.
.
,
.



.


Windows 7 ,
.
Wi-fi,
, .

.


Windows 7 ,
. ,
, . , ,
. ,
, .


.

80

80

81
81

DirectAccess
DirectAccess

Windows 7 . DirectAccess
With Windows 7, working from locations other than your ofce becomes even simpler. With DirectAc VPN-.
cess,
can more
connect to your
network
over any Internet
connectionwithout
you

securely

corporate







,whenever

having
to use VPN
technology. Its
easy to
connect to
corporate
resources
you have
an Inter- . -, .
net connection and, in most cases, it will seem as if you are connecting from your desktop computer at
DirectAccess - work.
canalso
still access public
Web sites
without
going
through your work
network. When
you use.
, You

DirectAccess,
your IT department
canadminister
your PC.
whenever
connected
to the Internet, so
you.
.


its
Windows
7 -

can easily stay up-to-date with company policies.


Note: For more information on this feature, please see the Windows 7 for IT Professionals section of this document.

VPN
Reconnect
DirectAccess ,
VPN

- VPN-. VPN-
You
may still
need
to use a 7.
VPN
if your
company
cant start usingVPN-
DirectAccess right away.
In Windows
7, ,
Windows
,

VPN whenever
Windows 7 VPNs
are
easier to use than
before. In the
past, when using
a VPN
connection,
you had to redial
, VPN-
you lost your Internet connection. VPN Reconnect in Windows 7 keeps you connected by automatically
.
reestablishing a VPN connection any time you temporarily lose your Internet connection.
. . Windows 7 - .
Note: For more information on this feature, please see the Windows 7 for IT Professionals section of this document.

Of
ine Access to Network Sources

youre

When
out of the
ofce
and dont
have an Internet
connection,
Ofine
Files provides
a great
way

. to continue to work with documents and les that are stored on your corporate network. For example,
, , ,
while
traveling
on a long
ight, you
can
work on a copy
of a le thats cached
on your
and any


PC,

you

.
changes
make will automatically
be synchronized with the server the next time you connect to the
corporate
network.

Windows 7, - ,
,
. Windows 7
:
,
.
.
. Windows 7 - .



.

Windows7.

XPS Documents
XPS

XML Paper Specication (XPS) documents are xed-format documents that you can share and archive
XPS ,
a high-quality,
efcient format.
XPS documents can
be opened without
having
the original
in



.

XPS program

in which
the document
created,
you can easily
share
your
work.
You
can preview
XPS docu

, was

so,

XPS

ments within the Windows Explorer or Microsoft Ofce Outlook messaging and collaboration client Microsoft Office Outlook.
preview panes.
Windows 7 XPS XPS- (Microsoft).
With Windows
7, XPS-
its easy to create
XPS documents
using
the Microsoft
XPS Document Writer.
Available

from any program that you can print from, just select the XPS Document Writer rather than a physical
. Office 2007 XPS printer from the print dialogue and follow the prompts to create your document. Ofce 2007 users
XPS Office 2007.
can also use the Save as XPS function from the Save As menu to create XPS documents from Ofce
XPS.
2007 applications.

,
XPS. Windows 7 also provides a richer viewing experience with the XPS Viewer. The improved experience
,
features
a more
streamlined
user
interface,
easier
ways to navigate
through
the document,
and,
relevancy

XPS even


ranked
XPS searches.
You can
display
pages as
thumbnails XPS
to get
an interactive
view ,of
several
Windows, , pages at once, which is great for visually searching through long documents. Finally, you can use the XPS
XPS, .
Viewer to digitally sign XPS documents and, if your company uses Windows Rights Management Services,
control who can open an XPS
document and what they can
do with it.

XPS
.

XPS-
,.

82

82

83

83



.Windows7,
,
,.,
,
.

WindowsTouch
,
. ,

. . -
, , .
. Windows 7
, Windows.


.
( : Microsoft Surface Collage,
Microsoft Touch Pack Windows 7.)


.

Windows7.

Windows 7 . , ,
, .
Windows Media center.
, . , , , , - .
, ,
, .
Windows 7 , API ,
.
. Windows 7, -
, .

Windows

/





(
)

/


/









(
CTRL+)


/


,













,




(

)




,
,


,


//
/







84

85

Tablet PC Enhancements

Windows 7 improves the Tablet PC with greater accuracy and speed for handwriting recognition, support for
handwritten
math expressions,
custom
dictionaries
for
handwriting recognition,
more.

Windowspersonalized
7

and

, ,


.
Improved
Handwriting
Recognition

re-designed so that handwriting is converted to


The Tablet PC
writing surface
has been completely

with
the

,
text automatically
as you
write.
When combined
new editing
gestures and smart
correction

(correcting one character will automatically update the rest of the word to match it) youll experience new
( exibility
and efciency
during


)In
handwriting input.
fact, youll

notice much better handwriting , -


recognition
accuracy
and speed
.


for
all supported
languages

including
Chinese
Simplied,
, .
Japanese,
Chinese
Traditional,

,
and Korean.
.

Handwritten Math Expressions


If you work with
math expressions,
youll be especially
pleased with
how-
you can use handwriting
recog- ,

Windows
nition to enter those expressions in Windows 7. The Math Input Panel is a new accessory that recognizes 7.
, :
handwritten math expressions, provides a rich correction experience, and inserts math expressions into

target programs.
.

Keyboard

Text Prediction for
Touch
Windows 7
When using the Touch keyboard in Windows 7, text prediction helps you enter text more efciently. Just
. , .
type a few letters
and youll
be offered
a list of words
that
match. Based
on the
words you use
frequently

and the
corrections
that you make,
Windows 7
will become even
better at
predicting what
you type
over
, , time. The redesigned keyboard also offers better support for using your ngers with features like the glow
, - -.
feedback (that shows you the key you tapped), automatic larger size when used with touch vs. a pen, and

Web keys to make


entering Web addresses even easier.
,
,

. ,
Custom
Dictionaries
.
If you need specialized vocabularies, youll nd it easier to create and install custom dictionaries that will

improve handwriting
recognition.
For instance, if youre a doctor, you can add medical terminology.
12 , Windows Vista, Windows 7

,
, ,
Support
for Additional
Languages , (), , , , , (), , () .

Vista



.support for
In addition to Windows
the 12 languages
supported
by Windows
Vista, Windows
7 adds
handwriting
Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Finnish, Portuguese (Portugal), Polish, Russian, Romanian, Catalan, Serbian
.
Windows Vista
and



12 :

Latin, Croatian,
Serbian-Cyrillic,
Czech. Text
Prediction
with
pen input has
been
expanded
from(),
(), , , , , , (),
Windows Vista
too.
(

), .
Note: Windows Vista supports handwriting recognition for Tablet PCs in 12 languages: English (U.S.), English (U.K.), German,
French, Spanish, Italian, Dutch, Portuguese (Brazil), Chinese Simplied, Chinese Traditional, Japanese, and Korean.

Accessibility
Windows 7 enhances the accessibility options that are so important to people with

Windows7.


special needs.

From more personalized speech recognition to a new on-screen layout, Windows 7 is more accessible
to everyone.


Speech
Windows 7 , .


Windows

.
In Windows
7, weve improved
the7accuracy
of
Windows
Speech Recognition
so that you can dictate to
your PC in many common programs and tell it what to do. For instance, you can easily dictate an e-mail

by speaking the recipients name and the content of the message.


Windows 7 Windows,
. ,
Magnier , .

Use Magnier whenever you need to magnify the entire screen or parts of it. Its particularly helpful for

people who are visually impaired or have difculty seeing the screen, but it can be used anytime you
. want to
see an object
bettereven
a small
notebook PC.
You can use
full-screen mode


when
,using

,
,
,

.
to magnify the entire desktop or lens-mode to magnify only a portion of the screen. In Windows 7, ,
Magnier works with DirectX content and supports the use of a pen, touch, and keyboard shortcuts in
. Windows 7 DirectX
full-screen
magnication.

, .

On-Screen
Keyboard
Windows 7
The on-screen keyboard in Windows 7 has a new look, and now includes personalized word and next ,
word
prediction based
on
the
same
technology
used for
the Tablet PC.
If youre unable
to use a standard

.
keyboard,
this feature
can dramatically
improve how fast you enter words.

.

New Accessibility Shortcuts


Zoom in
++
+++

Zoom out

+-

86

86

87

87

Windows 7
-
,

.,
,
,
.
,-,

.
Windows7
.

,
.
Windows7.,
WindowsVista,,
Windows7
,,
WindowsVista.
,Windows7.

Windows 7
-


,
Windows 7 , . , SharePoint Team Services , . DirectAccess
, ,
VPN-. BranchCache Windows 7,
, .




Windows 7 Windows Vista
. , Windows 7, BitLocker - BitLocker To
Go. BitLocker BitLocker To Go ,
. ,
, AppLocker ,
, - .



, Windows 7
, Windows Vista.
, , ,
.
Windows PowerShell 2.0 .
, Windows 7

.


Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack
Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack (MDOP), , . Windows 7 MDOP
. ( MDOP
Microsoft Software Assurance.)

Windows 7 -.


,

Windows 7
, .
, , ,
. ,
, ,

.


Windows7,.
MicrosoftDesktopOptimizationPack,
,
.

Windows7-.

Windows7-.
,
Windows 7 for IT Pros: Make People Productive Anywhere
,

Remove Barriers to Information


Search and Federated Search



Windows7 7,
search
is better
integrated with
enterprise infrastructures
to help people
more
easily nd
InWindows

they

the information
need. They
can search in
more
places more easilyincluding
remote data
sources
, , -
and within encrypted lesand IT professionals can publish important search locations through Group
. ,
In addition,
Windows
7 search
signicantly
reduces the impact
of indexing
in Microsoft
Policy.
Windows
7


e-mail
,

Microsoft
Server exchange.
Exchange
Server when
Cached
Exchangeexchange
mode is disabled.

in Windows
Windows 77
Search results
are
,
relevant and
simpler toundermore

stand,
and workers
can easily
narrow
,

down or expand the locations being


. , searched.
In addition,
Federated


Search
provides
out-of-the-box
.

-support for searching beyond the



users PC. Developers
and IT profes,
-

,

sionals alike
can con
gure document


repositories,
Web
applications,
Windows 7, and proprietary
data stores
to be

searched
from
Windows
7, with.

out writing and deploying client


,
code.
ability
enables people
to

This

search these
remote indexes
easily as they search their local lesall from within the same familiar
Windows.
Windows interface.
OpenSearch 1.1, ,
Federated Search supports the public OpenSearch 1.1 standard, so with a few minor updates, Web
, - rSS- developers
can
take advantage
of existing
in
RSS lists
to quickly
return results
to Windows

Windows
7. investments

. this

days

for

7. In most cases,
represents
a few
work
a Web OpenSearch,
developer. After
a server
has been made
Windows 7 ,
capable of responding to OpenSearch requests, a simple data-driven install le (called an Open Search
( Open Search Description). Open Search Descriptor -Description
File)
is used
to integrate the
into Windows
Explorer in
7. These
Open
,

search
,results

Windows
rSS-.
Office
SharePoint
Server

,
Search2007
Descriptors
can be
placed on
Web sites
so that people
can
install them in
a manner similar
to Windows 7.
subscribing to an RSS feed today. Ofce SharePoint Server 2007 and many third-party products already
support Federated Search, so companies can immediately begin taking advantage of this feature in
Windows 7.

92

92

93

93


http

3.
OSDX-

1.


OpenSearch

2.
OSDX-

RSS


OpenSearch1.1.

Enterprise
Search Scopes



Making
it easy
to discover and
search
intranet sites
can
help
organizations
maximize
their return on
these
. Windows 7 -
investments. With Windows 7, you can deploy up to ve pre-dened links or search scopes through
,
Group
Policy on worker
PCs to direct
them to the
right data
sources
and help
them
more easily
what

nd

Enterprise
Search
Scopes
.

they need. Enterprise Search Scopes appear on the Start menu and at the bottom of the search resultsin
it

.
Making
easy
to discover
and search
sitesofcan
organizations
maximize their return on these
Windows
Explorer
in the Search
Againintranet
In section
thehelp
search
box.
investments. With Windows 7, you can deploy up to ve pre-dened links or search scopes through

Group Policy on worker PCs to direct them to the right data sources and help them more easily nd what
they need. Enterprise Search Scopes appear on the Start menu and at the bottom of the search results in
Windows Explorer in the Search Again In section of the search box.

.

Windows7-.

Windows7-.
,
,


,
-,
.
.
Windows7
,.Windows7
,-,
.

DirectAccess
,

, , -. .
DirectAccess , . DirectAccess

, VPN-.
IPv6, DirectAccess . ,
.
, .
, DirectAccess , IPsec. - DirectAccess , , , ,
-. , - Windows 7
, -
, . ( , -
DirectAccess . -, .) DirectAccess , , .

94

95

DirectAccess Windows 7 .
By default, Windows 7 does not deploy DirectAccess automatically. If you choose to enable DirectAccess,
DirectAccess, Windows 7
you
will need7 to.
deploy Windows
7 Enterprise
Edition
or Windows
7 Ultimate
on worker
PCs. You
Windows

Edition

Windows
willDirectAccess
also need todeploy
Windows Server
Server 2008
2008 r2.
R2 DirectAccess Server on the edge of your network.
.

please

.
Windows
this

.
Note:
For more
information on this
feature,
see the Windows
7 for You
section7 of
document.

/
DNS-


DirectAccess


DirectAccess

DirectAccess
IPv6IPsec.


VPN
Reconnect
VPN

While
organizations
can
use DirectAccess
as their
only way to
connect remotely,
some may
still need
many

touse
VPN technology.
VPN ,
Reconnect (also
described
in Windows
7 for You) keep
workers productive
and

DirectAccess,
,
-

VPN-.

VPN
(

Windows
7

connected. By using Internet Key Exchange version 2 (IKEv2) technology to provide consistent VPN connec- . Ikev2,
tivity,
it automatically reestablishes
a VPN when
users temporarily lose
their Internet
connections.
VPN-,

,

RemoteApp and Desktop Connections

Many companies want to host client applications centrally because of concerns over security, continual

RemoteApp

cost pressures, and the need to support remote workers. For many years, Microsoft Terminal Services
, RemoteApp network software technology met this need. In previous versions of Windows, however,
, .
the
experience
Services-hosted
applications
was noticeably
different
than that
of
user

for
Terminal

remoteApp

Windows

,
client-hosted applications. With RemoteApp and Desktop Connections, you can enable a better remote
, .
experience while keeping costs in check and maintaining security and control.
remoteApp

and

.
Now,
its easier
for workers
to connect
to remote applications
remote desktop
sessions from
any PC
Windows

where
they


running
7, no
matter
are. Once connected,
they
can launch sessions
from
the Start

Windows
7,

menu, just as they do for local applications. Even better, each application launches, looks, and feels
as if
, .
its
running
locally,
and
new programs
appear automatically
the Start,
menu
they
become available.
,

,
on

as


And
with the
addition of support
for
audio recording,
multimedia
playback,
and more,
the experience
will .
beremarkably
running
programs locally
on your PC. ,
similar
to,

.
Note: Although the names are similar, RemoteApp and Desktop Connections
should not be confused with Remote Desktop.
.


RemoteApp

,
RemoteApp
and
Desktop Connections
provides
a way
for users
to more intuitively
access
centrally
hosted desktops and
programs
. RemoteApp
that
run on a server, under Terminal Services, as typically deployed and managed by a companys IT department. Remote Desktop
,

-
.
is typically
used
to access one PC running
Windows
from another.
Windows .

Windows7-.

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,



, . Windows 7
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. , ,
,
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, ,
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96

97

BranchCache
For branch ofces, network bandwidth limitations and latency in application response times can negatively affect productivity. We introduced Background Intelligent Transfer Service in Windows XP and the

BranchCache
Distributed
File System Replication service in Windows Server 2008 to help resolve these issues. Branch

Cache
in Windows
7 and Windows
Server 2008
R2 is the
next step
for improving
worker
productivity
in . branch ofces and giving them an experience more like working in the main ofce. By caching content
(BItS) Windows XP
from
leServer
and Web
servers
in the Branchcache
branch location,
workers 7can
more quickly
access
informaremote
Windows
2008.

Windows
Windows
Server
2008the
r2



tion
they
need.
, .
BranchCache
can operate
in one
of two modes:
-
,
.
Branchcache

architecture,
. Windows 7 client computers cache
Distributed
Cache.
Using a
peer-to-peer
of les and send
directly to
other Windows:
7 client computers
as necessary.
copies

.them

Windows 7

is

Improving
performance
as easy
as enabling BranchCache
on
your Windows
7 client
and
Windows 7. , Branchcache
Windows Server 2008 R2 PCs. Distributed Cache is especially benecial for branch ofces that
Windows 7 Windows Server 2008 r2.
do not have
a local

server.
, .
Hosted

-:

Cache. Using
a client/server
architecture, Windows
7 client
computers cache
content
to
Windows 7 Windows Server 2008 r2 .
a computer on the local network running Windows Server 2008 R2, known as the Hosted Cache.
. , ,
Other clients
that need
the
same content retrieve
it directly
from the
Hosted Cache
which offers

,

. availability

,
a

more reliable
than Distributed
Cache.
Hosted
Cache does
not require
dedicated
, .
machine, making it ideal for branch ofces with server hardware already installed. Hosted Cache
, , ISA- ,
can
be
congured on
a branch le server,
domain controller,
ISA server and more,


read-only

Server core.
while the Hosted Cache computer can run the Server Core.

4.





1.



.

2.

Windows7-.

Windows7-.
,
,

Branchcache , ,
HttP(S) SMB, ,
. , , Microsoft Office SharePoint 2007,
Internet explorer, copyfile . , Windows Media HttP,
Branchcache . , Branchcache
( SSL IPsec), , .
Branchcache, Windows Server 2008 r2
, - , .


Windows 7 ,
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. Windows 7 ,
.
, Windows 7 .
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.

98

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Windows 7 -.




- , . Windows 7
Windows Vista,
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. Windows Vista ,
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.
MDOP.


Windows7,
BitLocker
BitLockerToGo,USB-
-.,
,:BitLocker,
,
,.,BitLocker
.

Windows7-.
Windows 7 for IT Pros:

Windows7-.

Manage
Risk Through
Enhanced
Security and Control

Protect Data on PCs and Devices


Easier Deployment and Management of BitLocker


BitLocker

In Windows 7, we enhanced core BitLocker functionality in many ways. One improvement is the ability
Windows 7 BitLocker . , to right-click
drive to enable
BitLocker
protection.
With Windows
if you
deploy BitLocker

a BitLocker


Vista,
.
Windows
Vista after

BitLockersystem
is

the operating
installed, you
may have to
repartition
the hard
disk drive
on each workers
PC to
, , BitLocker, create the second, hidden boot partition required by BitLocker. Windows 7 creates that second partition
. Windows 7 ,
automatically
upon
installation,
which makesBitLocker.
deploying BitLocker much easier.

Based
on
your
requests,

weve
also
added
Data Recovery
Agent
(DRA)
support for
all protected
volumes.

Windows
Vista

BitLocker

In Windows Vista, you have to maintain a unique recovery key for each BitLocker-encrypted volume. With
. (DrA)
DRA support,
dictate that BitLocker
all BitLocker-protected
volumes (operating
system, xed data,
and the
,
you
can

(
,

DrA, DRA,
so
key

new removable
volumes) are encrypted
with an
appropriate
you get
a single
with which
to
BitLocker

volume.
.
recover data
on any BitLocker-encrypted
. . Windows 7 .
Note: For more information on this feature, please see the Windows 7 for You section of this document.

Managing BitLocker To Go
BitLockerToGo
Misplaced USB-
USB drives often
go

unreportedor even
unnoticed.
Yet

,

prohibiting

.

the use of USB storage


USB-devices
is often impractical.
Employ

ees have valid business


reasons
to
.

store data on removable USB stor USB-:


age devicesfrom
sharing large


les with
a trusted
partner to taking



,
work
home. .

BitLocker to Go With BitLocker To Go, you get more


, control
over how
storage
devices
can be
used and

removable

.

-

the
strength
of protection
required.
Now you can
require
data
protection for writing to any removable storage device while
,
still allowing unprotected
storage
devices
to be used
a read


in .

, You

only mode.
can also
use Group
Policy to
require
strong
passwords or a smart card for protected removable storage
-.
devices. ,
Additionally,
BitLocker
To Go provides
congurable

BitLocker
to Go

Windows
read-only support
for
removable
devices
on
older versions
of
, Windows 7
Windows, so that users running Windows 7 can share BitLocker BitLocker protected
les with people
who are
stillrunning
Windows
Vista


Windows
Vista
Windows
XP.
and Windows
XP.
.


. Windows 7 .
Note: For more information on this feature, please see the Windows 7 for You
section of this document.

BitLockerToGo

100 101

100 101

Protect Workers and Infrastructure

People who run unauthorized software often experience a higher incidence of malware infections and
generate
more help desk calls. We understand how difcult it can be for IT departments to make sure that
,,
user PCs
are running only approved, licensed software. With Windows 7, youll get even greater control
.-
,,over which applications can run on PCs.
.Windows7,.

AppLocker
AppLocker

Windows 7 AppLocker In
Windows
7, weve enhanced
application
control
policies
with AppLocker,
a exible and
easily
adminis

,

-

tered mechanism with which you can specify exactly what is allowed to run on user PCs. As a result, youll
, .
be able to standardize applications for better
AppLocker
security and operations.
,

AppLocker
provides
simple, powerful,
,
rule-based structures for specifying which appli ,
cations
can
run, so youget
the
exibility
you

,
need in determining which users can run which
.
applications, installation programs, and scripts.
, AppLocker AppLocker
also introduces
publisher
rules that
,

,

are based on an applications digital signature,


,
which makes it possible to build rules that
. AppLocker
survive
application
updates.
For example,
you
,

,
.

could
create
a rule to
allow
all versions
greater
Acrobat reader 9.0,
than 9.0 of the program Acrobat Reader to run

if its
signed by
the
software
publisher

Adobe.

Adobe.

Acrobat

In this way, when Adobe updates Acrobat, you


,
can safely deploy the application update with .
out having to build another rule for the new

version
of Acrobat.

, , With the Audit Only Enforcement Mode


setting,
you can
determine
whichAppLocker
applica.

tions are used in an organization and test


,
rules before deploying them. When the
. AppLocker
policy for
a rule collection
is set

AppLocker

to Audit Only, rules for that rule collection



are not enforced. However, before applica .
tions are deployed, you can import rules
into AppLocker and test them using the
Audit Only enforcement mode.

AppLocker.

Windows7-.

Windows7-.

Windows Vista

Windows Vista
Windows7
WindowsVistaWindows.
Windows7,Windows,
,
,.
Windows7CommonCriteria,
EvaluationAssuranceLevel4FIPS140-2.


, ,
(, ),
. Windows 7 ,
, .
, ,
.

Windows.

102 103
102 103

-
,
- .
-, Windows Vista, Windows 7 - . , -, -
, . , Windows7 PKINIT (RFC 5349),
- , -
Windows .


Windows 7 , Windows Vista,
.
, , , ,
, .


Windows Vista ,
, .
, Windows 7,

. ,
, .
.
. Windows 7 .

DNS
DNS , ,
, , - . 30 , . DNS (DNSSEC) , . Windows 7 DNSSEC
RFC 4033, 4034 4035, .

Windows7-.

Windows7-.

Windows Vista

104 105

Windows 7 -.



, , .
, , . Windows 7
, Windows Vista
, ,
. , Windows
PowerShell 2.0, Windows, , , ,
. Windows 7 ,
. , ,
MDOP.

Windows7-.


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,,
.
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.
,
.
,
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. .
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(DISM) Windows 7 , Windows. DISM , , Windows Vista,
(Intlcfg.exe), PeImg (PkgMgr.exe).


Windows 7
. , . ( ) ,
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, BIOS. , .
, .


.

.
,
. , ,
. (
Windows Server 2008,
.)

106 107


(USMT)
, ,
. Windows 7 USMT
( ),
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. Windows 7
XML- , . , USMT Windows 7
, . ,
.
Windows ,
Windows 7
.
. Windows . Windows 7
.


(WIM-),
. Windows 7
WIM- (VHD).
VHD- Windows
7 , WIM-.
DISM VHD- Windows
. VHD-, WIM-, Windows 7.
Windows 7,
. VHD,
(VDI), . 100 , VDI,
, , .
VHD , , , .
Windows 7, Windows,
VHD-. , , VHD WIM.
VHD-
.
. VHD . .

Windows7-.

InternetExplorer8
Internet explorer 8 . ,
,
, Microsoft Active Directory, Windows Server Update
Services Microsoft System center configuration Manager. , Internet explorer 8
. Internet
explorer 8 Windows, , , .
Internet explorer -
.
, - ,
.
, Application compatibility toolkit (Act) ,
.
-
. Internet explorer 8
Internet explorer 7.

108 109

Keep PCs Running Smoothly


One of the best ways to minimize desktop support costs is to maintain a stable, secure desktop
conguration, but this can be a challenge. Windows 7 builds on enhancements in Windows Vista to help
IT
organizations more effectively manage desktop and mobile PCs. Features such as Windows PowerShell
,-.Windows72.0, enhanced Group Policy, and the Windows Troubleshooting Platform help IT professionals balance
,WindowsVista,-
the
need to keep people productive with the continual pressures they face to reduce costs, maintain
.,
WindowsPowerShell2.0,Windows,
compliance,
and improve operational efciency.
-,
,
.

Automation Improvements
Windows PowerShell and its graphical scripting editor help you easily automate repetitive tasks so you



can be more consistent and productive. Some of the new automation capabilities in Windows 7 include
Windows PowerShell the
following:

, .

Windows

:
Windows PowerShell
2.0. Built7 into
Windows
7, Windows PowerShell 2.0 is a powerful,
Windows
PowerShell
Windows
PowerShell
2.0
complete
scripting2.0.
language
that
supports branching,
looping,
functions, debugging, exception
, Windows 7, , , , ,
handling, and internationalization. It delivers a growing set of cmdlets that you use to manage
. ,
both PCs
and servers
running
Windows.

Windows.


Windows
PowerShell
2.0 isa
Windows PowerShell
IntegratedWindows
Scripting PowerShell.
Environment.
Windows
PowerShell
power-

ful command and scripting engine, but its also accessible to the novice scripter. The Windows
Windows PowerShell Windows PowerShell,
PowerShell
Integrated
Scripting
Environment
makes Windows
PowerShell
easier to use,

Windows even
PowerShell.
providing a graphical environment to write, debug, and execute Windows PowerShell scripts.

WindowsPowerShell

Windows7-.

PowerShell. Windows PowerShell WS Management (WS-MAN).


: ,
,
,
.
. Windows 7 Windows PowerShell, .Net.
, .
PowerShell. PowerShell
,
. , ( ), , . -
,
.
. ,
, , Windows 7.
.
. Windows PowerShell ,
, , ,
. Windows PowerShell ,
.


, ,
, . , , DirectAccess,
. , Windows 7 ,
. , BitLocker to Go,
AppLocker. , ,
.

110 111


.
Windows, ,
. Windows 7
, . .
.
, . , . ,
( )
, . ,
. , WMI.
Internet Explorer 8
Internet Explorer 8 1300 ,
. 100
, , ,
, ,
InPrivate. , InPrivate, InPrivate. Internet
Explorer, SmartScreen, URI- , .
Internet Explorer 8 .
Internet Explorer , ,
Internet Explorer 8. ,

.

Windows 7 ,
. .
, .
URL-
, , IP-. - ,
(SaaS), . Windows 7
URL-.
, .

Windows7-.

Troubleshooting and Support



Windows 7 provides richer built-in troubleshooting capabilities so consumers can resolve more technical
Troubleshooting
and
Support
on their
own. If a
call
to the
help
desk is unavoidable,
Windows
7 gives
you the
tools you need
to issues
Windows
7

Troubleshooting
and
Support

.capabilities

can

,
Windows
provides
richer built-in
troubleshooting
so consumers
resolve more
technical
resolve the7
issue
quickly.
built-in
capabilities
so consumers can resolve more technical
Windows
Windows77provides
richer

troubleshooting

.
issues on their own. If a call to the help desk is unavoidable, Windows 7 gives you the tools you need to
issues on their own. If a call to the help desk is unavoidable, Windows 7 gives you the tools you need to
Problem
Steps
Recorder
resolve the
issue quickly.


resolve the issue quickly.

Steps


The Problem
Recorder
can aid you in
troubleshooting
Problem
Steps
Recorder

application
failuresRecorder
by helping users reproduce and record their
Problem
Steps

, The Problemwith
Steps
Recorder
can aid
you
in troubleshooting
experiences
application
failures.
The
Problem
Steps Recorder
.

you

The Problem Steps


Recorder can aid
in troubleshooting
application
failures
byahelping
reproduce
andaccompanytheir

,
record

records
each
step as
screenusers
image,
along with
application
failures
by helping
users reproduce
and record
their

experiences
application
failures. The
Problem
Steps
Recordera
ing
logs andwith
software
conguration
data,
and then
produces

experiences
with
application
failures. The.
Problem Steps Recorder
records eachle
step
a screen
along
with
accompanycompressed
thatascan
be sentimage,
to support
staff
to troubleshoot
records each step as a screen image, along with accompanying problem.
logs and software conguration data, and then produces a
the
ing logs and software conguration data, and then produces a
compressed le that can be sent to support staff to troubleshoot
compressed le that can be sent to support staff to troubleshoot
the problem.
the problem.


.



.

Windows (Windows RE)


Windows Vista -
Windows re ( , ).
Windows 7 Windows re ,
.

112 113
Windows.

112 113
112 113
112 113

Windows
Windows 7 ,
Windows PowerShell. Windows
.
 Windows. Windows
Windows PowerShell . - ,
. ,
- , .
CAB-.
 Windows. Windows , -
. ,

PowerShell. : , ,
CAB- .
Windows Windows 7.

.
Windows , , , , . Windows 7 , ,
. -
, .
Windows 7, ,
. ,
, .

Windows Vista
, ,
. .
Windows 7 Windows (WMI), ,
, PowerShell, System Center Configuration Manager, System
Center Operations Manager, . , ,
.

Windows7-.


,
.VDI
,()
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(
),
.
MicrosoftWindowsServer2008R2Hyper-VWindows7
,,
.,

,.


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, , , VoIP, . .

VDI,
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, (VDI), .
100 , VDI,
, , . VHD
, , , .

114 115

Windows 7 -.

Microsoft Desktop
Optimization Pack
Windows, Microsoft
Desktop Optimization Pack (MDOP) Software Assurance.
- , MDOP,
,
Windows 7. MDOP
.

Windows7-.
Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack
Windows
7 for IT Pros:

Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack

MicrosoftApplicationVirtualization
Microsoft Application Virtualization

Windows Application
virtualization
turns cprograms
on
Windows
into
centrally
managed virtual
services
that

,
based

.or portable computer worldwide.


can be
delivered to any
physical
or virtual
desktop

With application
virtualization,
you

can deploy
new applications
days


in


instead
of months, without
worrying

.
about whether the application will play

work with other
programs. Asa result,


,
respond

you can
to your organizations

needs, whether its automating business


.
processes or
increasing
user productiv

(
ity. At
the same
time,
your people
can

run applications locally without install),


ing themincluding
multiple versions

.
of the same applicationyet also be



able
to
access
them
when
using
another
,

PC.
,
.
Youll
get more exible

,deployment

models
and simpler
and faster
appli . , Windows,
cation migrations, while reducing the
.
need for regression testing and the time spent on support issues. In addition, application virtualization
also makes it easier to upgrade to future versions of Windows because all user applications are available
as soon as they logon for the rst time.

116 117
116 117

MicrosoftAssetInventoryService
-,
, Windows
. Microsoft Asset Inventory
Service ,
- . Asset Inventory
Service ,
, , - .
Microsoft
Asset

Inventory
Service
, .
To remain
compliant
optimize
IT budgets,
organizations
must
effectively manage
their softwareAssetand
Inventory
Service


asset inventory, and the rst step toward upgrading to a new version of Windows is to get an accurate
:
inventory
of all their,
applications. The
Microsoft
Asset Inventory Service
provides advanced software

.
inventory scanning capabilities, with a robust database of software titles that translates application data
into useful, IT-friendly information for
on-demand access. The Asset Inventory Service is an easily administered
hosted service that you can access
from virtually anywhere in the world,
which makes it easy for IT professionals to send reports to anyone
in the organization. The service also
supports remote workers, telecommuters, and branch ofce scenarios.
With the Asset Inventory Service,
you can quickly and easily identify
installed applications that contradict
corporate policies. Its rich categorization and intelligence features can be
used in a broad variety of waysfrom
forecasting organizational needs to
identifying individual computers for
recovery and troubleshooting.


AssetInventoryService

Windows7-.
Windows 7 for IT Pros:
Microsoft
Desktop
Optimization
Pack Pack
Microsoft
Desktop
Optimization

Windows 7 for IT Pros:
Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack

Microsoft Advanced Group Policy Management



With Microsoft Advanced Group Policy Management (AGPM), IT professionals can take control of user

Microsoft Advanced Group Policy Management

PCs through
effective
change management,
versioning,
and rollbacksall
based
on Group Policy
Objects

(AGPM)
-With
Microsoft
Advanced
Group
Policy
Management
(AGPM),
IT
professionals
can
take
control
of
user (GPOs)
and
a robust, role-based
administration and
delegation model.
Not
only can Advanced
Group

PCs
through
effectivehelp
change
versioning,
and rollbacksall
based
Group
Policy
Objects
,

Policy
Management
youmanagement,
takeadvantage
of the
power
of Group Policy
inonthe
current
version
of
(GPOs)

AGPM

and
a
robust,
role-based
administration
and
delegation
model.
Not
only
can
Advanced
Group
Windows
running
on user
PCs, but it will
also help you
to more fully
take
advantage
of the new
Group

Windows,

Policy
Management
help
youtake
the
power of Group Policy
in the current
version
of
Policy enhancements
in Windows

,
7. advantage
of

on user PCs, but it will also help you to more fully take advantage of the new Group
Windows
Windowsrunning
7.
With Advanced Group Policy Manageenhancements
in Windows
7.
Policy



ment, you can reduce the possibility of

With
Group
Policy ManageerrorsAdvanced
and
better
respond
requests


to

you
can
reduce
the
possibility
of
ment,

to implement new or modied policies.


.

errors
and better
respond
to requests
It can even
help bridge
organizational
, to
implement
new or modipolicies
ed policies.
gaps,
such as departmental
that

It
can
even
help
bridge
organizational
,

may prevent desktop administrators

policies
gaps,
such
as departmental
that
from managing
PCs using Group
Policy
,
may
desktop
administrators
when prevent
server
Group
Policy
Objects
are

from
managing
PCs
using
Group
Policy

.
managed by server administrators.
when server Group Policy Objects are
managed by server administrators.

AGPM

.

AGPM.

118 119
118 119
118 119

MicrosoftDiagnosticsandRecoveryToolset
Microsoft
Diagnostics and Recovery Toolset

and
Diagnostics
and
recovery
in
-

The
Diagnostics
Recovery
Toolset
aids toolset
IT professionals
quickly diagnosing
critical
infrastructure
, problems
you
can reduce
support costs
and keep
people productive.
provides advanced
diagnos- . so

,
It

tic
tools that can
restore unbootable
clean
,
PCs,

computers infected with malicious software,


. Diagnostics and recovery
and
help recover
lost data.
The Diagnostics
and
toolset

Recovery
Toolset
complements
the capabilities

Windows,

Windows 7

provided by the new Windows Troubleshoot . ,


ing
PlatformDiagnostics
in Windowsand
7, which
is designed
recovery
toolset
to
resolve
common issues.
For instance,
you

can use the Diagnostics and Recovery Toolset


to,
diagnose
and handle
severe issues,such as

repairing
unbootable

or locked-out
systems,

,
recovering users PCs without wiping and reload ,
.
ing the
operating
system image,
recovering
data,

diagnosing
system issues,
and removing malware
,

.
from infected PCs while they are safely disconnected from the network.

MicrosoftSystemCenterDesktopErrorMonitoring
Microsoft
System Center Desktop Error Monitoring

Microsoft System center Desktop error Monitoring -


Microsoft
System
Center Desktop
Error Monitoring
helps IT
professionals
proactively address
problems


,
with
applications
and system
components
that may
cause
user PCs
to crash or.
stop respondingeven

if the user never reports the issue. It provides a
. scalable,
low-cost, enterprise-ready
solution
for

,

error-reporting

granular
and
alerting.
Through

its agentless crash-monitoring technology, which
, can
be
rapidly deployed
the enterprise

, across

with
a single
GPO, this tool
can.
help identify the
impact, probable cause, and means of resolution
for all failures.

DesktopErrorMonitoring
.


DesktopErrorMonitoring.

Windows7-.
Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack

MicrosoftEnterpriseDesktopVirtualization
Microsoft enterprise Desktop Virtualization (MeD-V)
Windows
. , MeD-V
Windows ,
. MeD-V Virtual Pc
, ,
.
, . MeD-V . Windows XP
Windows 2000 Virtual Pc,
. MeD-V
,
, .
MeD-V Microsoft Virtual Pc, .
, , , .
, , .
MeD-V,
,
.

120 121

Windows 7 Logo

- , . Windows 7 Logo
, ,
Windows 7 ( 32-, 64- ).
,
, Windows 7. .

.

Windows 7, 64-
.

,
,
.


Windows 7.

.

Windows 7 Logo

Windows 7
Windows 7
Windows 7. ,
, Windows 7.
Windows 7 , Windows 7 .
Windows 7
Windows 7 .

Windows 7
, Windows 7
Windows 7 .
,
. Windows 7 Windows 7
. Windows Anytime Upgrade,
Windows 7, .
Windows 7 Windows7
.

Windows 7
,
Windows 7. , .

Windows 7 Windows 7.
Windows 7 , ,
. , Windows 7, :
Windows 7. Windows 7, 64- .

122 123

Windows 7, ,
.

Windows7
32- ( 86) 64- (x64) 1
.
1 ( 32- ) 2 ( 64- ).
16 ( 32- ) 20 ( 64-
).
, Microsoft DirectX 9, WDDM 1.0
.
, Windows 7 ,
Windows 7. -
http://windows.microsoft.com/upgradeadvisor.


( ).

.
Windows Media center -
.
Windows touch .

Windows 7.
DVD- - .
BitLocker (tPM) 1.2.
BitLocker to Go USB- -.

 .
 Windows XP :
 1 ;
 15 ;
, ,
IntelVT AMD-V.

.
.
http://windows.microsoft.com/systemrequirements/.

124 125


Windows 7, , , .
, .



, ,
Windows 7.
Windows 7
http://www.microsoft.com/windows/windows-7/
Windows
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/Windows7/Keyboard-shortcuts

http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows7/What-accessibility-features-does-Windows-offer
Windows
http://windows.microsoft.com/en-US/windows7/help

http://windows.microsoft.com/en-us/windows7/Security-checklist-for-Windows-7
Windows Live
http://www.windowslive.com/Desktop
Internet Explorer 8
http://www.microsoft.com/windows/internet-explorer/

-
Springboard Series TechNet -
Windows, . ,
Windows .
, http://www.microsoft.com/springboard. - Springboard
Series TechNet , , , , .
Windows 7 -,
http://www.talkingaboutwindows.com.


Windows Hardware Developer Central (WHDC) , . -
http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/default.mspx.
Windows Ecosystem Readiness Program . -
http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/win7/default.mspx.
Windows Logo . -
http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/winlogo/default.mspx.


Windows 7, Windows Developer
Center
http://msdn.microsoft.com/windows.
Windows 7 ,
. Channel9
. Windows
7, Windows 7.
Windows 7 Windows.

126 127


, , ,
.


Windows Search

Windows Media ^



^

Device Stage

,
^
Bluetooth

,









Windows
( )*
Aero Glass

Aero
Windows touch

Windows Media center ^

DVD- ^

^
,
chess titans -
, ,
Windows
Windows SideShow
( )
Windows XP:
Windows 7 Windows XP

128 129




remote Desktop Host


(
)

Windows
( )*

BitLocker BitLocker to Go
AppLocker
DirectAccess
Branchcache



(VDI)**

^ N KN.
* Windows .
** Windows 7 VDI,
Windows 7 .
. Windows ( ) .

Windows 7 Windows Vista


1 (SP1) Windows XP 3 (SP3).

Windows XP

Windows Vista

Windows 7

Windows

Windows Anytime Upgrade

Windows connect Now (WcN)

Device Stage


Windows + P

144

readyBoost

DVD-

SP3

SP1

Windows 7 .

Windows 7 .

130 131

Windows XP

Windows Vista

Windows 7

Windows Media center

Windows Media

DirectAccess

VPN

Windows touch
( )


( , )



Windows
BitLocker
BitLocker to Go



Aero

Windows XP

Windows

SP3

SP1

Windows 7 .

Windows 7 -. : ,

DirectAccess

VPN

Windows XP

Windows Vista

Windows 7


remoteApp

Branchcache

SP3

SP1

Windows 7 -.


BitLocker

BitLocker to Go

DNS


AppLocker

Windows Vista

Windows 7 -.

Windows Vista

Windows

Windows

Windows PowerShell

132 133


Windows 7 ,
.
. , , Windows , ,
.


+t

.
.

+ 19

19 , .
, .
,
. Aero Peek.
(. ALT + WinKey + 19
.)

SHIft +
.
+

SHIft + ctrL +

ctrL +

. .

Snap ( )
+
SHIft +

.
.

Peek
+

( )

+P

ALt + P

++
+

.
.
.
.

Appendix


Appendix
D


Installation
Options for
Upgrading
PC to 7Windows 7

Your
Windows
.

c:

Windows XP/Windows
Vista /
32-
64-

Windows 7. ,
. ,

.

Windows 7, ,
.

, Windows XP (, Windows 95 Windows 2000),


Windows 7 .
/ ( ), Windows 7,
: Windows Media , Windows Media Center.
.
, Windows Vista Windows 7
(, Windows Vista Windows 7).

134 135
134 135


64- 80

82, 133

64- 9, 16, 54, 80, 122, 123, 124

82, 133

AppLocker 13, 22, 91, 102, 111, 130, 133

52, 131

BitLocker 13, 15, 20, 60, 91, 100, 101, 111, 124, 125, 130, 132, 133

73, 78, 96, 115, 125

BitLocker To Go 13, 15, 20, 60, 91, 100, 101, 130, 132, 133

9, 13, 27, 43, 55, 57, 58, 59, 60, 66, 89, 95, 96, 99, 100,
102, 103, 104, 111, 112, 126, 127, 133, 134

BranchCache 13, 22, 91, 98, 99, 130, 133


Device Stage 45, 128, 131
DirectAccess 13, 15, 22, 68, 82, 91, 95, 96, 111, 130, 132, 133
DirectX 54, 80, 87, 124
DirectX: Direct3D 11 54, 80
DirectX: DirectCompute 54, 80
Internet Explorer 31, 38, 40, 57, 64, 68, 99, 109, 112
Internet Explorer 8 7, 15, 21, 27, 38, 39, 40, 57, 58, 59, 109, 112, 126
MDOP 91, 100, 106, 116
Microsoft Application Virtualization 14, 117
Microsoft Asset Inventory Service 14, 118
Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack (MDOP) 14, 91, 92, 100, 116
Microsoft Diagnostics and Recovery Toolset 14, 120
Microsoft Enterprise Desktop Virtualization 14, 121
Microsoft System Center Desktop Error Monitoring 14, 120

95
21, 35, 36, 37, 72, 74, 77, 131
50, 131
- 10, 13, 96
91, 115, 133
20, 75, 76, 128, 132
69, 114, 132
61, 114, 132
51
58
63, 132
Internet Explorer 8, 109
62, 64, 132
9, 27, 45, 51, 52, 54, 80, 115, 124, 125

ReadyBoost 51, 131

1
 4, 15, 42, 193, 97, 100, 101, 104, 106, 109,
110, 111, 112, 114, 119, 130, 133

UAC 104

Windows 2
 1, 67, 68, 106, 110, 114, 120, 132, 133, 138

USB- 64, 65

53, 132

Windows 7 10, 11

197, 133

Windows 7 10, 12, 14, 73

1
 1, 12, 14, 15, 20, 41, 42, 68, 72, 75, 77, 124, 128,
129, 131

Windows 7 10, 13, 96


Windows 7 10, 13, 96, 130
Windows 7 10, 11, 14, 123
Windows 7 10, 12
Windows Anytime Upgrade 14, 123, 131
Windows Connect Now 43, 131
Windows Live Messenger 48
Windows Media Center 1
 2, 14, 15, 21, 27, 71, 72, 76, 85, 124, 129,
132, 135

126
95, 132
114, 133
22, 108, 115, 133
, 51, 131
100
78, 79, 80
59

Windows Touch 84, 124, 129, 133

Windows 51, 52

Windows Vista 8, 16, 17, 18, 19, 50, 51, 52, 53, 55, 60, 62, 63, 69,
86, 89, 91, 100, 101, 103, 104, 106, 107, 110, 113,
131, 132, 133, 135

40
53, 132

- 12, 15, 21, 70, 71


(QoS) URL- 112
Windows Live 48
55, 66, 104, 132, 133
38
16, 27, 29, 31, 36, 37, 67, 74, 85, 96, 131
102, 133
81, 132
21, 23, 45, 46, 48, 56, 72, 84, 114, 129, 131
12, 28, 34, 40, 129

Windows Media 1
 4, 27, 31, 68, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77,
99, 115, 128, 132, 135
7, 9, 37, 38, 58, 64, 68, 104
InPrivate 58
- 38, 68
(VAN) 81, 133
1
 2, 14, 15, 21, 27, 31, 32, 45, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 73,
82, 87, 91, 92, 96, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 12, 115,
116, 117, 119, 121, 127, 130, 134
14, 91, 100, 104, 106, 107, 108, 109, 112, 114,
117, 121, 127

21, 38


107, 108, 133

103, 133

86

13, 22, 44, 130, 133

DNS 104, 133

27, 79, 132

Windows Live 49

52, 131

73

7
 , 9, 12, 18, 20, 27, 41, 42, 47, 48, 49, 62, 70, 75, 83,
97, 101, 112

Windows XP 12, 15, 21, 27, 64, 65, 125, 129, 132

72

1
 2, 15, 61, 66, 128,
130, 132

65

87, 115, 133

13, 15

66

15, 20, 27, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 45, 74, 85, 128, 131, 134

27, 49, 56, 79, 132

40

86

Windows Live 49

Windows Live 49, 56

97, 108, 115, 133

86

97, 133


107, 133

VPN 82, 96, 132, 133


28, 39, 65, 72, 83, 95
12, 81, 129, 132
9, 84, 86, 87, 124, 133
Windows 60, 132
86
- 95, 104
65

RemoteApp 96, 133
7, 13, 21, 22, 27, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 51, 91, 92, 93, 131
12, 15, 20, 21, 75, 128, 129
Windows Live 47, 49

12, 124
Windows 7 16, 17, 124
7, 9, 11, 17, 23, 107, 109, 121, 122, 127
87, 126, 134
87, 126, 133, 134
21, 31, 74, 128, 131
128, 131
Windows (Windows RE) 114

22, 23, 113, 133
108, 133
Windows 16, 19, 131

59


119

21, 39

51

27, 34, 35, 37, 83, 85, 93, 131

Aero 20, 62, 132

Windows 7 Logo 122

77, 132

99, 133

115, 133

136 137

114, 133
51
104, 133
41, 131
9, 39, 112
6
 6, 67, 69, 91, 106, 111, 113, 114, 118, 132
7
 , 8, 9, 12, 18, 20, 21, 23, 27, 28, 41, 42, 44, 45, 46,
51, 53, 55, 60, 68, 73, 74, 75, 76, 78, 81, 84, 92, 100,
101, 111, 122, 123
22, 37, 93, 131, 133
SmartScreen 57, 112
58
InPrivate 59
74
Aero 62, 63, 129, 132
Windows Live 49
66, 67, 128, 132
Windows 18, 23
21, 71
38, 40, 46, 48, 51, 52, 62, 63, 64, 75, 83, 129
87
87, 133
Windows 7 23, 43, 44, 73, 76, 122, 123
DVD- 53, 131


, ,

. ,
,
.
.

, .

. ,
, ,
-
,
(, , ,
) .

, ,
, . -
, , , , .
, , ,
, , , ,
, ,
,
, , , ,
, , ,
.
(Microsoft Corp.), 2009. .
Microsoft, Active Directory, Aero, AppLocker, BitLocker, BitLocker To Go, BranchCache,
DirectX, Hyper-V, Internet Explorer, Outlook, PowerShell, ReadyBoost, SharePoint,
SmartScreen, SuperFetch, Terminal Services RemoteApp, Windows, Windows Live,
Windows Media, Windows Server, Windows Vista Xbox 360
.
.

138 139