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.. , .. , .. .;
. .. 2- ., .
: -, 2004

1. .
1.
.
1.1.01.
50
1

1
13
= 1,98 :1,1 + (0,592)
=
37
2

4
37
198 10 592 50 18 16
=

=
= 1;
100 11 1000 37 10 20
100
3

1
21
) 1 + 0,91 :1, 4 + 1 1,911 1 = 2, 66 :1, 4 + (0,711)
=
79
4

5
79
266 10 711 100 19 9

= = 1.
=
100 14 1000 79 10 10

) 3 1,52 :1,1 + 1 1,842 1

1.1.02.
(1) (1) 1 + 2 + 3 + ... + 11 (1 2 + 3 4 + ... + 9 10 + 11)
=
=
10
10
2 (2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + 10) 60
=
= 6;
=
10
10
(1) (1) 3 + 5 + 7 + 9 + ... + 27 (3 5 + 7 9 + ... + 23 25 + 27)
)
=
=
12
12
2 (5 + 9 + 13 + 17 + 21 + 25) 180
=
=
= 15.
12
12

1.1.03.
3
4

10
10
= 1, 44 :1, 2 + 0, 783 =
87
87

10

) 1 + 1, 44 1,75 :1, 2 + (9,1 8,317)


=1,2+0,09=1,29;
1

10

) 1 + 1, 21 1, 25 :1,1 + (9, 7 9, 416) = 1, 21:1,1 + 0, 284 =


71
71
4

= 1,1 + 0, 04 = 1,14 .
1.1.04.
)

3 + Q 3
P3 Q3
( P + Q )( P 2 PQ + Q 2 )
+ 2
=
+
2
2
P PQ + Q
P + PQ + Q
( P 2 PQ + Q 2 )
2

( P Q)( P 2 + PQ + Q 2 )
= ( P + Q) + ( P Q) = 2P = 2 (16 x 2 24 x + 9) =
( P 2 + PQ + Q 2 )
9
3
3

= 2 16 24 + 9 = 2 (9 18 + 9) = 0,
x = 0,75 = ;
4
4
16

P3 + Q3
P3 Q3
+
= ( P + Q) + ( P Q) = 2 P =
P 2 PQ + Q 2 P 2 + PQ + Q 2

25
5

= 2 (16 x 2 + 40 x + 25) = 2 16 + 40 + 25 =
16
4

= 2 (25 50 + 25) = 0,
2

= 1, 25 =

5
.
4

1.1.05.
)

3 5 x1 3 5 x2 3 5 x1 + 3 5 x2 6 5( x2 + x1 ) 6 5 (2)
+
=
=
=
=
x1 + x2 x2 + x1
x2 + x1
x2 + x1
2

=8, 1+2=2 ;
)

5 + 2 1 5 + 2 x2 10 + 2( x1 + x2 ) 10 + 2 20 50
+
=
=
=
= 2,5 ,
x1 + x2 x2 + x1
x2 + x1
20
20

1+2=20 .
1.1.06.
5 2u 5 + 4v 5v 2uv + 5u + 4uv 5(u + v) + 2 uv
+
=
=
=
u
v
uv
uv
2

u+v
1
5
+ 2 = 5
+ 2 = 5 + 2 = 4,5 ,
=5
uv
2
4

5
2
4
u+v= , uv= ;
5
5

5
3 + 5u 3 + 4v 3v + 5uv + 3u + 4uv 3(u + v)
+
=
=
+ 9 = 3 3 + 9 =
)
u
v
uv
uv
4

3
15
21
5
4
= + 9 = = 5, 25 , u+v= , uv= .
4
4
3
3

.
1.1.01.
)

vu 3 uv3 uv(u 2 v 2 ) uv(u v)(u + v)


=
=
= uv(u + v) =
vu
vu
vu

=(3) 6=18, u+v=6, uv=3 ;


)

vu 3 uv3
= uv(u + v) = (5) 2 = 10 .
v u

1.1.02.
u v
u 2 + v2
u 2 + v 2 + 2uv
(u + v)2
+ +4 =
+4=
+2=
+2=
v u
uv
uv
uv
25
25
3
=
+ 2 = + 2 = , u+v=5 uv=11;
11
11
11
u v
u 2 + v2
u 2 + v 2 + 2uv
(u + v) 2
) + + 12 =
+ 2 + 10 =
+ 10 =
+ 10 =
v u
uv
uv
uv
100
100
50
1
=
+ 10 =
+ 10 =
=3 ,
15
15
15
3

u+v=10 uv=15.

1.1.03.

4 3
48
5
u
v

u
v
(
uv
)
(
u

v
)
(
uv
)
4

)
=
=
=
= 25 = ,
2
2
12
12
(

)(
+
)
+
5
u
v
u
v
u
v
u v
5
5
12
4 3
u+v= , uv=
;
5
5
3 2

2 3

10

u 3v 2 u 2v3 (uv) 2 3
)
=
=
=
2
2
4
u+v
u v
3

10
9 = 10 = 5 , u+v= 4 uv= 10 .
4 12 6
3
3
3

1.1.04.
)

Q( x)
( x 2 3) 2 ( x 2 + 3) 2
P ( x) =
(x2 3)2 = (x2 + 3)2 (x2 3)2 =
P( x)
( x 2 3)2

= 2 6x2 = 12x2 = 1,08, =0,3


)

Q( x)
( x 4 4) 2
( x 2 2) 2 ( x 2 + 2) 2
P( x) = 4
( x 4 4 x 2 + 4) =

2
P ( x)
x 4x + 4
( x 2 2) 2

( x 2 2) 2 = ( x 2 + 2) 2 ( x 2 2)2 = 8 x 2 = 8 (0,7) 2 = 3,92 , =0,7.


1.1.05.
) P2(Q(x))Q2(P(x))=(P(Q(x))Q(P(x))(P(Q(x))+Q(P(x)))=

= 5Q( x) 1

= x +1 1

P( x) + 1
( x) + 1
5Q( x) 1 +
=
5
5

5 x
5x
x + 1 1 + = 0 2 x = 0 , =117,399;
5
5
6

P( x) + 1
6
6
= x x =0, =117,277.
5

) P6(Q(x))Q6(P(x))=(5Q(x)1)6

1.1.06.
) (1+3x+2x2)+(1+4x+2x2)+(1+5x+2x2)++(1+17+22)=152x2+
15 20
(3 + 4 + 5 + ... + 17)
20
= 2 =
= 5;
+(3+4+5++17)x+15, 1+2=
2 15
2 15
4

) (2+3+2)+(2+5+2)+(2+7+2)++(2+27+2)=
=132+(3+5+7++27)+132,

13 30
(3 + 5 + 7 + ... + 27)
30
= 2 = = 15.
1+2=
13
13
2

1.1.07.
2

4t 2
(t 2 + 1) 2 (t 4 + 2t 2 1) 2 (t 2 1) 4
=
=1;
) p=(7x23y2)2=

=
2 2
(1 t 2 ) 4
(1 t 2 ) 4
(1 t 2 ) 2
(1 t )
4

4t 2
(t 2 + 1) 2 (t 4 + 2t 2 1) 2 (t 2 1) 4
) p=(5x26y2)2=
=
=1.

=
2 2
(1 t 2 ) 2
(1 t 2 ) 4
(1 t 2 ) 4
(1 t )
1.1.08.
) =441222+94=(2232)2=
2t t 2 + 1
+

1 t 1 t

(t + 1) 2

1 t

( 2 +

2t t 2 + 1 t 2 + 2t + 1

1 t 1 t 1 t

)(
2

2 3 =
2

t 2 2t + 1

=
t 1

(t 1) 2
(1 + t )4 (t 1)4

= (t + 1)4 ;
=
(t 1) 4
t 1

) =2546022+364=(5262)2=
2t t 2 + 1
+

1 t 1 t

5 6

2t t 2 + 1 (t 1)2

1 t 1 t t 1

)(
2

5 + 6

(t + 1) 2
4

= (t + 1) .
1

1.1.09.
) =49242+92+42181=(73)2+6(73)1=
(1)2+6(1)1=6, 73=1;
) =81236+42+92+5=(92)2+(92)+5=32+3+5=17,
92=3.
1.1.10.
1

) 5uv+2(u2+v2)=2(u2+v2+2uv)+uv=2(u+v)2+uv=2 + =
5
5
=

2
23
1 =
= 0,92;
25
25

) 2uv+3(u2+v2)=3(u2+v2+2uv)4uv=3(u+v)24uv=
3

27

47

= 1,88.
=3 4 = + =
5 25 5 25
5
1.1.11.
4
4
2
2
2
2
) u v 4 = (u v )(u + v ) 4 = u 2 + v 2 4 = (u + v)2 2uv =
2
2
2
2

u v
(u v )
2
25
5
4
= 2 4 =
= 6, 25;
4
2
2
4
4
2
2
2
2
) u v 5 = (u v )(u + v ) 5 = u 2 + v 2 5(u + v)2 2uv 5 =
u 2 v2
(u 2 v 2 )
2
49 5 9
7
5
= 2 5 =
= .
16 2 16
4
4

1.1.12.

)
=

u v
u 2 + v2
(u + v) 2 2uv
(u + v)2
+ + 12 =
+ 12 =
+ 12 =
+ 10 =
v u
uv
uv
uv

(7) 2
5 17

+ 10 =

49 17
49 17 + 850
+ 10 =
;
85
85

u v
u 2 + v2
(u + v)2 2uv
(u + v) 2
+ +4 =
+4=
+4=
+2=
v u
uv
uv
uv

(6)2

+2 =

2 6

36 6
+2 =3 6+2 .
12

.
1.1.01.
) ()=3+62+12+19=(3+62+12+8)+11=(+2)3+11=

= 3 11 +11=11+11=0, =2 3 11 ;
) ()=3+92+27+29=(3+92+27+27)+2=(+3)3+2=

= 3 2

+2=2+2=0, =3 3 2 .

1.1.02.
) 12+7z=2(2x5y+z)(3x+2y5z)=243=83=5, 2+5+z=4 3x+2y
5z=3;
) 6x+5y+11z=2(4x+2y+3z)(2xy5z)=231=5, 2xy5z=1 4x+2y+3z=3.
1.1.03.

u+v
u+v
1
1
=
=
=
=
u 3 + v3 (u + v)(u 2 uv + v 2 ) u 2 uv + v 2 (u + v) 2 3uv
1
1
28
28
=
=
=
=
;
2
25
9
+
175
36
211
5
3
+
3
4 7
2
7
u+v
u+v
1
1
=
=
=
) 3 3 =
u +v
(u + v)(u 2 uv + v 2 ) u 2 uv + v 2 (u + v) 2 3uv
1
1
20
20
=
=
=
.
=
2
81
12
405
+
48
453
9
4
+
3 4 5
2
5

1.1.04.
u 3 v3
(u 3 v3 )
1
1
= 3 3 3 3 = 3 3 =
=
6
6
2
u v
(u v )(u + v ) u + v
(u + v)(u uv + v 2 )
1
1
1
1
=
=
= ;
=
40
(u + v)((u + v) 2 3uv) (4) ((4)2 3 2) (4) 10

u 3 v3
(u 3 v3 )
1
1
=
= 3 3 =
=
6
6
3
3
3
3
2
u v
(u v )(u + v ) u + v
(u + v)(u uv + v 2 )
1
1
1
1
=
=
=
= .
44
(u + v)((u + v) 2 3uv) (2) ((2) 2 3 (6)) (2) 22

1.1.05.

2
5 5

) u3+v3=(u+v)(u2uv+v2)=(u+v)((u+v)23uv)= 3 =
2 2
4
5 25

5 22

55

= 13,75;
= = =
2 4 4 2 4
4

2
3 3

) u3+v3=(u+v)(u2uv+v2)=(u+v)((u+v)23uv)= 3 =
2 2
4
2
3 3

3 9

21

3 30

45

= 11, 25.
= + 3 = + = =
2 2
4
4 2 4 4 2 4

1.1.C06.

) |uv|= (u v)2 = u 2 + v 2 2uv = (u + v)2 4uv =


5

= 4 =
2
2

25
17
17
2 =
=
;
4
4
2

) |uv|= (u v)2 = u 2 + v 2 2uv = (u + v)2 4uv =


3

41

41

= 4 =
+2 =
=
.
16
16
4
4
4
1.1.07.
) u4+v4=(u2+v2)22u2v2=((u+v)22uv)22(uv)2=
2

= 1 2 3 2 3 = 1 + 2 2 = 49 2 = 31 = 3 4 ;


9
9
9
3
3
3 3

4
4
2
2 2
2 2
2
2
) u +v =(u +v ) 2u v =((u+v) 2uv) 2(uv)2=
2

= 1 2 5 2 5 = 1 + 2 2 = 121 2 = 71 = 2,84 .

25
25
5
5
5 5

1.1.C08.
2

11 2 6

v
(
u

v
)(
u
+
uv
+
v
)
(
u
+
v
)

uv
6
6
)
=
=
=
=
2
2
(u v)(u + v)
u+v
11
(u v )

121
2
109 6
= 6
=
;
66
11

2
15 5 11


11
u 3 v3 (u v)(u 2 + uv + v 2 ) (u + v) 2 uv 11
=
=
=
) 2 2 =
15
u+v
(u v)(u + v)
u v
11
225
+5
280 11 56 11
= 11
=
=
.
15
165
33
11
3

1.1.09.
) (23)+(23)=232+232=3(2+2+2)+
+10=3(+)2+10=3121105=413;

) (5+2)+(5+2)=5+22+5+22=2(2+22)+14=
=2()2+14=281+14(12)=6.
1.1.10.
) (3+2)2+(3+2)2=(9+12+42)+(9+12+42)=9(+)+24+
+4(+)=9(5)+245+45(5)=25;
) (43)2+(43)2=(1624+92)+(1624+92)=16(+)48+
+9(+)=167489+997=247
1.1.11.
) (532)2+(532)2=(25302+94)+(25302+94)=25(+)
30(+)+9(3+3)=25(+)30(+)+9(+)((+)23)=
=25330(2)3+9(2)3(9+6)=555;
) (322)2+(322)2=(9122+44)+(9122+44)=9(+)
12(+)+4(3+3)=9(+)12(+)+4(+)((+)23)=
=941224+424(166)=260.
1.1.12.
) ()=52()+4()q(x)q2 (x)=(5p(x)q(x))(p(x)+q(x))=
5

5
6

= 2 +
6

145 2 5 71 2 29 2 5 71
+ + + + =
6
6
6 6 6 6 6
6
6 6

=(236)(+7)=(6)(+6)(+7), 1+2+3=6+(6)+(7)=7;
) ()=82()+7()q(x)q2 (x)=(8p(x)q(x))(p(x)+q(x))=
8

8
9

= 2 +
9

104 2 8 40 2 13 2 8 40
+ + + + =
9
9 9
9 9 9 9 9
9
9

=(216)(+3)=(4)(+4)(+3), 1+2+3=4+(4)+(3)=3.
D.
1.1.D01.
) ()=42 ()+3()q(x)q2(x)=(4p(x)q(x))(p(x)+q(x))=
4

4
5

= 2 +
5

108 2 4 17 2 27 2 4 17
+
+
+
+ =
5
5
5
5 5 5 5
5
5
5

=(225)(2)=(+5)(5)(2), 12 + 22 + 32 =25+25+4=54;
) ()=22()()q(x)q2 (x)=(2p(x)+q(x))(p(x)q(x))=
2
2
2
= 2 2 + 2 16 + 2 + 13 + 8 + 2 13 =

3 3

12

22

32 =1+1+49=51.

+ +
=( 1)(7)=(1)(+1)(7),
1.1.D02.
) ()=82 ()7()q(x)q2(x)=(8p(x)+q(x))(p(x)q(x))=
2
2
2
= 8 2 + 8 136 + 8 8 + 17 + 8 + 8 =
9

9
9
9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9 9
2
=( 16)(1)=(4)(+4)(1), 123=4(4)1=16;
) ()=32()2()q(x)q2(x)=(3p(x)+q(x))(p(x)q(x))=
2

= 3 2 + 3 39 + 3 25 + 13 + 3 + 25 =

4 4

=(216)(+3)=(4)(+4)(+3), 123=4(4)(3)=48.
8

1.1.D03.
) ()=122()11()q(x)q2 (x)=(12p(x)+q(x))(p(x)q(x))=
12

13

2 +

12
36 2 12 81 2 3 2 12 81
+
+ +
+ =
13
13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13

=(29)(+6)=(3)(+3)(+6),

12 22 32 =32(3)2(6)2=542=2916;
) ()=102 ()+9()q(x)q2(x)=(10p(x)q(x))(p(x)+q(x))=
10

11

2 +

10
410 2 10 14 2 41 2 10 14

+
+ + +
=
11
11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11 11

=(236)(5), 12 22 32 =62(6)252=(180)2=32400.
1.1.D04.
) 2()+(7)=+4, 2(7)+(7(7))=7+4,
2(7)+()=11, 3()=2(+4)(11)=33 ()=1;
) 3()+(8)=+5, 3(8)+(8(8))=(8)+5,

3(8)+()=13, 8()=3(+5)(13)=4+2, ()= +

1
.
4

1.1.D05.
) ()=2 ()9()q(x)10q2(x)=(p(x)+q(x))(p(x)10q(x))=
46

11

39
26 22 6 15 462 39 26 202 60 150

+ +

=
11 11 11 11 11 11
11 11 11
11 11

=(4231)(62916), 12 + 22 + 32 + 42 =
3

1 9

16

=(1+2)2212+(3+4) 2234= 2 + 2 =
4
4 6
6
=

9 1 9 16 53 16 415
+ + + =
+ =
;
16 2 4 3 16 3
48

) ()=2()+5()q(x)6q2(x)=(p(x)+6q(x))(p(x)q(x))=
23 2 12 34 122 30 78
+

+
7
7
7
7
7
7

23 2 12 34 2 2 5 13

+ +
+ =

7
7
7
7
7 7

=(526+16)(32+3), 12 + 22 + 32 + 42 =
6

16 1

=(1+2)2212+(3+4)2234= 2 +
5
5 3
3

36

32

196 19

2239

214

+ =
=9
.
2 = + + + 2 =
25 9
225
225
3 25 5 9
1.1.D06.
) ()=2()3()q(x)4q2 (x)=(p(x)4q(x))(p(x)+q(x))=
11 2 14 16 242 4 44 112 14 16 62 11
+ +
+
+
+ +
+ =
5
5
5
5 5 5
5
5
5 5 5
5

(72+2+12)(2+3+1), 1234=

5
12 1 12
=1 ;
=
7
1
7
7

=(12)(34)=

) ()=2()5()q(x)6q2(x)=(p(x)+q(x))(p(x)6q(x))=

= 13 2 13 + 33 + 6 + 2 13 13 + 33 + 6 36 12 =
7

=(22+5)(27+3), 1234=
5 3

15

=(12)(34)= = = 7,5.
2 1 2
1.1.D07.
) ()=2 ()7()q(x)8q2(x)=(p(x)+q(x))(p(x)8q(x))=
31

4
26 5 2 5 1 31 2 4 26 40 2 40 8


+
+ =
2 +
9
9
9
9 9 9
9
9
9
9
9
9

=(423)(2+42), 12 22 32 42 =(12)2 (34)2=


3

= (2) 2 = 4 = = 2, 25;
16
4
4
) ()=2()+7()q(x)8q2(x)=(p(x)+8q(x))(p(x)q(x))=
14

2 +

31
34 32 2 32 16 142 31 34 42 4 2
+
+
=

+
+
9
9
9
9
9 9
9
9
9
9 9

=(22+72)(22+34), 12 22 32 42 =(12)2(34)2=12(2)2=4.
1.1.D08.
) 9212+4212+84=(32)24(32)4=((32)2
4(32)+4)8=(322)288, (322)20 ;
) 42+12+9212183=(2+3)26(2+3)3=((2+3)26(2+3)+
+9)12=(2+33)21212, (2+33)20 .
1.1.D09.
) 22+92+10+2=()2+82+10+2=()2+10()+82+

+112=(+5)2+82+1127=(+5)2+8 +

11
25
25
30 30 ,
16
32
32

11

2
+ 0 (+5) 0 ;
16

) 24+6212+23=(2)2+22 12x+23=(2)212(2)+
2

+22223=(26)2+222239=(26)2+2 11 99 1 99 1 ,

11 0 (26)0 .
2

1.1.D10.
) 2+2=22+2+2=()2+2=1+2=1+2(+1)=22+2+1=
2

=2 + 1 + 1 1 , =1 + 1 0 ;

10

) 2+2=(+)22=42=42(2)=224+4=2(1)2+22, +=2
(1)20 .
1.1.D11.
) f(x)=40, 32+16b+8c+4d+2k+m=40, m=0 (
)
16+8b+4c+2d+k=20, k=0 ( ). 8a+4b+2c+d=10, d=0 ( ). 4a+2b+c=5 ( c=1
). 4a+2b=5c=4, 2a+b=2, b=0
a=1. , =1, b=0, c=1, d=0, k=0, m=0;
) f(2)=42, 32+16b+8c+4d+2k+m=42,
2(16a+8b+4c+2d+k)+m=221, m=0.
16a+8b+4c+2d+k=21, 2(8a+4b+2c+d)+k=210+1, k=1. 8a+4b+2c+d=10, d=0. 4+2b+c=5, 4a+2b+c=22+1,
c=1. 2a+b=2, b=0 =1. , =1, b=0, c=1, d=0, k=1, m=0
1.1.D12.
) f(3)=325, 243+81b+27c+9d+3k+m=325, 3(81a+27b+9c+
+3d+k)+m=3(108)+1, m=1. 81a+27b+9c+3d+k=108,
3(27a+9b+3c+d)+k=336, k=0. 27a+9b+3c+d=36,
3(9a+3b+c)+d=36=312, d=0. 9a+3b+c=12,
3(3a + b) + c =34, =0. 3a+b=4, b=1 =1. , =1,
b=1, c=0, d=0, k=0, m=1.
) f(3)=257, 243a+81b+27c+9d+3k+m=257, 3(81a+27b+9c+
+3d+k)+m=385+2, m=2. 81a+27b+9c+3d+k=85,
3(27a+9b+3c+d)+k=328+1, k=1. 27a+9b+3c+d=28,
3(9a+3b+c)+d=39+1, d=1. 9a+3b+c=9, b=c=0, a=1.
a=1, b=0, c=0, d=1, k=1, m=2.
2.
.
1.2.01.
2
2
3
2
3
2
2

1
1
10

=
=
=
=
= 6; = ;
)
1
2
3

10
1
2
1
3

1
1
1 3
1

1
10
2
2
2
6

6
2
2

2
2
7

)
=
=
=
=
=
= 3, = .
1
2
12

7
4
2
2
4
4
2
2

2
2
2
2

2
7
2

1.2.02.

a 2 9b 2
c 2 16d 2 (a 3b)(a + 3b)(c 4d )(c + 4d )
(a + 3b)(c + 4d )

=
=
.;
2
3b a
(c 4d )2 (3b a )
c 8cd + 16d
c 4d

2 25b 2
c 2 4d 2 (a 5b)(a + 5b) (c 2d )(c + 2d ) (a 5b)(c + 2d )

=
=
c 2d
(c 2d ) 2 (5b + a )
c 2 4cd + 4d 2 5b + a

11

1.2.03.
1
2

) f(4)=(24)1+341= +

3 1
1 1 1
= ; f(6)=(26)1+361= + = ;
4 4
4 2 4

f(f(4))=f(f(6))=f = 2 + 3 = + 12 = 12 ;
4
7
7
4
4
1
4

1
8

1
8

1
8

) f(8)=(48)1+81= + = ; f(4)=(4+4) 1+(4) 1=


1

1
1
= ;
4
8

25

f(f(8))=f(f(4))=f = 4 + = 8 = 7 .
8
33
33
8
8
1.2.04.
) (14)f(f())=(14)f()(12f())1=
(1 4 )
(1 4 ) (1 2 ) 1
(1 4 )
(1 4 )
= 1 2 =
=
= = 0,03;
=
2

2
1 4
1 2 (1 2 ) 1
1
1 2

) (110)f(f(x))=(110x)f(x)(15f(x))1=

(1 10 )
(1 10 ) (1 5 )1
(1 10 ) (1 10 )
= 1 5 =
=
= = 0,09.
=
5
1
5 5
1 10
1 5 (1 5 ) 1
1
1 5

1.2.05.
2
2
2
2
2 2
2 2
2
2

= 2
2
=
)
2
2
1
1
3
3+
3

1
3

+1
3 2 3+ 2

62 + 2 62 + 2
4
4
4
4
=
=
=
=
;
(3 2 1)(3 2 + 1) 9 4 1 9 (0,5) 4 1 9 16 1 143
2
2
2
2
2 2
2 2
2
2

+
=
+
= 2
+ 2
=
)
2
2
1
1

+1
1
1+

1 2 1+ 2

22 + 2 + 22 2
4 2
4 (0, 2) 2 4 25 100 25
= 4
=
=
=
=
.
2
2
( 1)( + 1)
1 (0, 2) 4 1 54 1 624 156

1.2.06.
1 2

1
= ;
1 2 5
+

1 2 1
= 51;
) 1
+ 2 1

1
1

=3;
12

2 1
= ;
+ 2 5

1
1
= =
= ;
1 3 3

5 10 = + 2 ;

1
1
) 3 = 41;
1
1

11
;
3

1 3

1
= ;
1 1 4


1
1

3 1
= ;
4

4 12 = ;

3
.
= =
=
1 11 11
3

.
1.2.01.
2 2 a 2 xy b 2 xy 25c 2 x3 2c 2 x xy (a b)(a + b) 25c 2 x3

=
=
bx
ay + by
10c 4 x 4
(a b) x 10 c 4 x 4 (a + b) y

)
=

50c 4 x5 y (a b)(a + b)
= 5;
10c 4 x5 y (a b)(a + b)

)
=

3c 2 x a 2 xy b 2 xy 4cx 4
3c 2 x xy (a b)(a + b) 4cx 4

=
=
3 5
ax bx
ay + by
6c x
x ( a b ) 6c 3 x 5 y ( a + b )

12c3 x6 y (a b)(a + b)
= 2.
6c3 x 6 y (a b)(a + b)

1.2.02.
2
x 2 b 2 x3 a 2 x + x 2 a 2
2

=
bx + ax ab x 1
x 2 + bx

x( x 1) ( x b)( x + b)( x 2 a 2 )( x + 1)
= ( x a);
( x b)( x + a)( x 1)( x + 1) x( x + b)

=
)
=

3x 2 6 x
x 2 b 2 x 3 a 2 x + 2 x 2 2a 2
2

=
x + bx ax ab x 4
x 2 bx
2

3x( x 2)( x b)( x + b)( x 2 a 2 )( x + 2)


= 3( x + a).
( x + b)( x a)( x 2)( x + 2) x( x b)

1.2.03.
2

4ab
3a
b 4ab
3a(4a + b) 4a + b

+
+

4 + =
=
2
2
a (4a + b)2 (4a + b)2 a
16a + 8ab + b 4a + b

)
=

4ab + 12a 2 + 3ab (4a + b) 2 a(12a + 7b) 12a + 7b


;

=
=
a
(4a + b)2
a2
a2
2

ab
a 2b
ab
a(5a + 2b)

5 + =
2
2
a (5a + 2b)2 (5a + 2b)2
25a + 20ab + 4b 5a + 2b

ab 5a 2 2ab (5a + 2b)2 a(b 5a)


b + 5a
5a + 2b

=
=
.
=
a
(5a + 2b)2
a2
a2
a

1.2.04.
2

1
1
2
1 4a + 1
1

+
+
+
+

=
2a(1 4a)
2a 8a 2 16a 2 4a 1 16a 2 1 + 4a 4a 1

13

4a + 1 8a + 16a 2 4a 4a + 1 2
1
(4a 1) 2
+


=
2a(1 4a) 4a(4a 1)(4a + 1)
4a(4a 1)(4a + 1) 4a 1

2 + 1 + 4a
1
4a + 1
1 4a
1
4a + 1

+
=
=
=
;
=
2a(1 4a ) 4a (4a 1) 4a (4a 1) 4a(1 4a) 4a
4a 1
2

1
1
2
1
1

4a + 5

+
+

=
2a(4a 5)
8a 2 10a 16a 2 20a 25 16a 2 25 + 20a 4a 5

20a + 25 40a + 16a 2 20a 4a + 5 2


1
(4a 5)2


=
2a(4a 5) 20a(4a 5)(4a + 5)
4a 5 (4a 5)(4a + 5) 4a 5
2

1
4a + 5
10 4a 5
5 4a
1
4a + 51

=
=
=
.
=
2a(4a 5) 20a(4a 5) 20a(4a 5) 20a(4a 5)
20a
4a 5

1.2.05.

) 3ab 1

ba 1 3a
ba 1
ba 1
1
+ 0,51 : 1
=
: 3ab +

3
3
3 3a + b

b 3a 9a 2 b 2
3a b 3a b

: + + 2 : 1
:
=
b 3a b 3a
3a 3a + b 3ab

9a2 + b2 + 6ab 3a b 3a (3a b)(3a + b)


3ab
(3a + b)
:

= 1;
2
: 3a 3a + b =
ab
ab
3
3
(3a b)
a
b
(3
)

5ab 1

9ba 1 5a
9ba 1 5ab 1 9ba 1
+
+ (0,5)1 : 1 +
=
:

5 9
5
5 5a 9b

5a 9b 5a 9b
9b 5a
: + 2 : 1 +
=
9b 5a 9b 5a
5a 5a 9b

25a 2 81b 2 25a 2 + 81b 2 90ab 5a + 9b


5a
:
: 5a 5a 9b =
45
ab
45
ab

(5a 9b)(5a + 9b) 45ab (5a 9b)


= 1.
=
45ab (5a 9b)2 (5a + 9b)

1.2.06.
1

) 1 = 51;

1
= 5;
1

2 2 2
2
=
3
3 2 2 2

2
2 22
25 2 2 2 23
2
= 2
=
= ;
2
2
3 2
75 2 2 2 73
2

1
1

)
14

= 21;

1
= 2;
1

= 5;

= 2;

= 5 ,

= 2 ,

1
+
2 + 3 2
2
=
2
2 2 + 3 2
+
2

3
2 + 3 2
4 2 + 3 2 7
2
= 2
= 2
= .
2
3
2 + 3
8 + 3 2 11
2

1.2.07.
4
133 161 + 5
1
7
) 3 +
9 0,51

3 2 1

4 3

1
= +
3

133 5 7 2
1
+
16
16 3 3

92
4 2

112
1
1 16 3
1 7 4 1 4
= +
= + = = 1;
3 92 4
3 7 3 3 3

3
160 91 + 4
1
7
) 4 +
4 + 0,1251

2 3 1

9 2

1
= +
4

160 4 7 2
1
+
9
9 2 2 =

4 + 8
9 3

36
1
1 9 4
1 9
= + = + = 2.
4 4 9
4 4

1.2.08.

2
2
2
2+
=

1
2
2

2 + 1
1

2
=
2 1
2

2 + 1
2

= (2 2 1) 2 (2 2 + 1) 2 = 8 2 =

=8(0,5)4=816=128;
) 2

2
5 2 5 + 2

2
2
2
2
5 1
5 + 1

2
=
1
5 2

2

1

5 + 2

(5 2 1)2 (5 2 + 1) 2
20 2

=
= 5 2 =
4
4
4

=5(0,5)4=516=80.
1.2.09.
3 + 4

3 4

+ 2
2
54 3 27 3
27 3 + 64 + 27 3 64
) 9 + 12 + 16 9 12 + 16 =
=
;
=
3
3

3 + 4
3 4
128
64
27 + 64 (27 64)

9 2 + 12 + 16 9 2 12 + 16
5 + 4
5 4
+
3
3
3
3
2
2
+
+
20 + 16 = 125 + 64 + 125 64 = 250 = 125 .
25
20
16
25

)
3
3
5 + 4
5 4
128
64
125 + 64 (125 64)

25 2 + 20 + 16 25 2 20 + 16

15

1.2.10.
2 2 + 7 x 7 y ( )( + ) ( ) 9( p + q)
:
=

=
2 q 2 + q + p 9q + 9 p ( p q)( p + q) + ( p + q) 7( )
( )( + 1) 9( p + q) 9( + 1)
=
;
=
( p + q)( p q + 1) 7( ) 7( p q + 1)

2 2 + + 9 x + 9 y ( + )( + 1) 4(q p) 4( 1)
:
=
=
.
2 q 2 q + p 4q 4 p ( p q)( p + q + 1) 9( + ) 9( p + q + 1)

1.2.11.
12
9 6b
a 36b 2 + 12ab + a 2
36b
+
+ 2
:
: + 2 + =
2
6b
ab(a + b)
a + ab a + b b + ab a

36b 2 + 12ab + a 2
6
6
= a + b = 3 = 2;
6
ab

16
64a b
8a b 2 + 16ab + 64a 2
b
) 2
+
2
:
: + 2 + =
b
ab(a b)
a ab a b b ab 8a

2
2
: b + 16ab + 64a = 8 = 8 = 2 2 .

8ab

1.2.12.

) 6m 5n +

a b

120mn 6m
5n
60mn

+
:
=
6m 5n 6m 5n 5n + 6m 36m 2 25n 2

36m 2 60mn + 25n 2 + 120mn 6m(6m + 5n) 5n(6m 5n) + 60mn


:
=
6 m 5n
36m 2 25n 2

(6m + 5n)2 (6m 5n)(6m + 5n)


(6m + 5n) 2 (6m 5n)(6m + 5n)

=
= 6m+5n=4;
2
2
(6m 5n) (36m + 60mn + 25n )
(6m 5n)(6m + 5n)2

160mn

5m

8n

) 5m + 8n
:
5m + 8n
5 m + 8n 8n 5m

80mn

=
25m 2 64n 2

25m 2 + 64n 2 + 80mn 160mn 5m(5m 8n) + 8n(5m + 8n) 80mn


:
=
5m + 8n
25m 2 64n 2

=
=

(5m 8n) 2 (5m 8n)(5m + 8n) (5m 8n)2 (5m 8n)(5m + 8n)
=
= 5m8n=3.
(5m + 8n)(25m 2 80mn + 64n 2 )
(5m + 8n)(5m 8n) 2

.
1.2.01.
3y
1
3y
3y

=
1 xyz + x 3z
3z yz + 1 xyz + x 3z
x
z+
x
1
y
yz + 1
y+
z
yz + 1
3y
3y
3y
3y
=

= 0;
xyz + x 3z yz + 1 xyz + x 3z xyz + x 3z xyz + x 3z

16

6y
2
3y
6y

=
2 xyz 2 x + z
z

yz
xyz
2
2x + z
x+
z
x+
2
y
yz 2
y
z
2 ( yz 2)
3y
6y
6y
6y

= 0.
=
xyz 2 x + z yz 2 xyz 2 x + z xyz 2 x + z xyz 2 x + z

1.2.02.
y

z z

x x

) + + + =
z y x z y x z y x z y x
=

( y 2 z 2 ) 2 ( z 2 x 2 ) 2 ( x 2 + y 2 ) 2 ( y 2 z 2 )( z 2 x 2 )( x 2 y 2 )
+
+

=
xy xz yz
z2 y2
x2 z 2
y2 x2

y 4 x2 2 x2 y 2 z 2 + z 4 x2 + z 4 y 2 2 x2 y 2 z 2 + x4 y 2 + x4 z 2 + 2 x2 y 2 z 2 + y 4 z 2

( xyz ) 2

( y 2 z 2 )( z 2 x 2 )( x 2 y 2 )
=
( xyz )2

y4x2 + y4z2 + z4 x2 + z4 y2 + x4 y2 + x4z2 2x2 y2z2 ( y4 x2 y4z2 + z4 y2 z4x2 + x4z2 x4 y2 )


=
(xyz)2

y 2 z 2 x2
2( y 4 z 2 + z 4 x 2 + x 4 y 2 ) 2 x 2 y 2 z 2
= 2 2 + 2 + 2 2;
2
( xyz )
y
z
x
y

z z

x x

) + + + =
z y x z y x z y x z y x
=

( y 2 z 2 ) 2 ( z 2 x 2 ) 2 ( x 2 y 2 ) 2 ( y 2 z 2 )( z 2 x 2 )( x 2 + y 2 )
+
+

=
z2 y2
x2 z 2
y2 x2
( xyz )2

x2 y 4 + x2 z 4 2 x2 y 2 z 2 + y 2 z 4 + y 2 x4 2z 2 x2 y 2 + z 2 x4 + z 2 y 4 2 x2 y 2 z 2

( xyz )2

y 4 z 2 y 4 x2 z 4 x2 z 4 y 2 + x4 z 2 x4 y 2 + 2 x2 y 2 z 2 )
=
( xyz )2

y2 z 2 z 2 x2
2 y 4 x2 + 2 z 4 x2 + 2 z 4 y 2 + 2 x4 y 2 8x2 y 2 z 2
= 2 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 8.
2 2 2
x y z
y
x
z
z

1.2.03.

( x + 2a)( x + 2b) ( x + 2b)( x 2c) ( x 2c)( x + 2a)


+
+
=
(c + a)(c + b)
(a b)(a + c)
(b + c)(b a)

( x + 2a)( x + 2b)(a b) + ( x + 2b)( x 2c)(c + b) ( x 2c)( x + 2a)(a + c)


=
(a + c)(a b)(b + c)

(a b)x2 + 2(a2 b2 )x + 4ab(a b) + (c + b)x2 + 2(b2 c2 )x 4bc(c + b) (a + c)x2

(a + c)(a b)(b + c)

17

2(a 2 c 2 ) x 4ac(a + c)
4(a 2b ab 2 bc 2 b 2c + a 2c + ac 2 )
= 2
= 4;
(a + c)(a b)(b + c)
a b ab 2 + a 2c abc + abc cb 2 + c 2 a c 2b

( x 5a)( x + 5b) ( x + 5b)( x 5c) ( x 5c)( x 5a)


+
+
=
(c a)(c + b)
(a + b)(a c)
(b + c)(b + a)

= ( x 5a)( x + 5b)(a + b) ( x + 5b)( x 5c)(b + c) + ( x 5c)( x 5a)(c a) =


(a + b)(c a )(c + b)

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
= x (a + b) + 5x(b a ) 25ab(a + b) x (b + c) 5x(b c ) + 25bc(b + c) + x (c a)
(a + b)(c a)(c + b)

5 x(c 2 a 2 ) 25ac(c a)

ac
bc
ab
= 25
+

=
(a + b)(c a)(c + b)
+
+
+

+
(
a
b
)(
c
b
)
(
a
b
)(
c
a
)
(
c
a
)(
c
b
)

25(ac 2 a 2c + bc 2 + b 2c a 2b ab 2 )
= 25 .
(ac 2 a 2c + abc a 2b + bc 2 abc + b 2c ab 2 )

1.2.04.
x 2 + y (3x + 11y )
= 5 , 2+3+112=5+102, 22+2=0,
xy + 2 y 2
x3 2 xy 2 3 x 2 y + 7 y 3 x3 2 x3 3 x3 + 7 x3
()2=0, =,
=
= 3;
x3 2 y 3
x3 2 x3
x 2 + y (7 x + 10 y )
= 3 , 2+7+102=3+62, 2+4+42=0,
)
xy + 2 y 2

(+2)2=0, =2,
x3 + 3xy 2 + 3x 2 y 3 y 3 ( + )3 4 3
3 4 3
=
=
= 1.
3
3
3
3
x + 13 y
x + 13
8 3 + 13 3

1.2.05.
) ()5=1, =1, = 1 , : (6)2(2+362)+12(6)3(161)

1 6
1 36
1

1
12
+
36 2 + 2 12 6
2 2
= 36 2 + 2
12(6 )

+
=

=
2
3
(6 )2 (6 )3
2 2 (6 ) 2 (6 )3
1
1

6
6

4
2
2
4
2
2
2
= 36 + 1 12(6 1) = (36 + 1)(6 1) 12 (6 1) =
(6 2 1) 2
(6 2 1)3
(6 2 1)3
6
4
2
2
3
216

108

+
18

1
(6

1)
=
=
=1;
(6 2 1)3
(6 2 1)3
1
) ()7=1, =1, = .

1 16
1 4
2 + 2 8 +

=
(4) ( +16 )=8(4) ( +4 )=
2
3
1
1

18

4
2
4
2
2
2
= 16 + 1 8 (4 + 1) = (16 + 1)(4 1) 8 (4 + 1) =
2
2
2
3
2
3

(4 1)

(4 1)

(4 1)

6
4
2
2
3
= 64 48 + 12 1 = (4 1) = 1.
2
3
2
3

(4 1)

(4 1)

1.2.06.

4 2 + 4 2
= 0,8 ; 42+42=3,222,41,62;
4 2 + 3 + 2 2
2

7,22+6,4+0,62=0; 362+32+32=0; 36 + 32 + 3 = 0 ;

= 16 148 = 16 2 37 ;
1,2

x
x y , , x > 0 ,
y

y 1,2

< 0 , ,

.
)

3 2 3 4 2
= 0, 6 ; 3(22+5+42)=5(32342);
2 2 + 5 + 4 2


8
x
; x y , , > 0 ,
=
y

21
1,2

21282=0; 21 = 8 ;

x
2
.
=2
y
21

1.2.07.

) 2+
3+

27
3
9
= + 2 3 + 2 = 22(16 3) = 13 22 ;

3

) 2+
3+

9
3
9
3

=16, + = 2 + 2 + 6 = 22 , + = 22 ;

16
4
16
4

= 9 ; + = 2 + 2 + 8 = 9 + 8 = 17 , + = 17 ;

64
4
16

= + 2 + 2 4 = 17(9 4) = 5 17 .

3

1.2.08.

1
7
1

+
=
2 + 7 + 6 2 6 2 + 37 + 6 2 2 + 6 2 + 7
6 + + + 6
7
=

=
( + 6 )( + )( + 6 ) 6 2 + 37 + 6 2

( + )(6 2 + 37 + 6 2 ( 2 + 7 + 6 2 )(6 + )
=
(6 2 + 37 + 6 2 )( 2 + 7 + 6 2 )(6 + )

63 + 372 + 62 + 62 + 372 + 62 63 422 362 2 72 63


= 7
= 7 0 = 0 ;

(62 + 37 + 62 )( + )(6 + )( + 6)

= 7

19

1
5
1
2
+ 2
=
2
2
+ 5 + 4
+ 4 2 + 5
4 + 17 + 4
4 + + + 4
5
5( + )
=

( + )(4 + )( + 4 ) 4 2 + 17 + 4 2 ( + )(4 2 + 17 + 4 2 )

5
=0.
4 2 + 17 + 4 2

1.2.09.
18 3 + 3 2

27 1

3 2 + 3 + 1 3 2 + 13

1 +
=

9 2 + 3 + 1
3 2 +

18 3 + 3 2 (3 2 + )(3 1) 3 2 + + (3 + 1) 2 3 2 13

27 3 1
3 2 +

18 3 + 3 2 9 3 + 3 2 + + 9 2 + 6 + 1 3 2 13

=
27 3 1
3 2 +

=
=

(9 2 + 3 + 1)
(9 2 6 + 1) 3 1

=
;
2
(3 + 1)
3 + 1
(3 1)(9 + 3 + 1)
14 3 + 7 2

7 2 + 7 + 1 7 2 + 11
2
1 +
=
7
2 + + 1
7 + 7

14 + 7 2 7 ( + 1)( 1) 7 2 + 7 + ( + 1)( + 1) 7 2 11

=
7 ( + 1)
( 1)( 2 + + 1)

=
=

(14 3 + 7 2 7 3 + 7 ) (7 2 + 7 + 2 + 2 + 1 7 2 11)

=
7 ( + 1)
( + 1)( 2 + + 1)

7 ( 2 + + 1) ( 1) 2
1
=
.
( 1)( 2 + + 1) 7 ( + 1) + 1

1.2.10.
) 16x2+9x2+3=(4x3x1)2+24+3=62+27=63.;
) 252+29=(5+1)2+1=25+1=26.
1.2.11.
3 6 2 40
( 2 6 40)
( + 4)( 10)
=
=
=
(| + 4 | +10) + 40 (| + 4 | +10) + 40 | + 4 | +10 + 40

x, x < 4

= x( x 10)
;
x + 10 , x 4

24 10
(16)(30) 240 480 40
40

=
20 = ;
d(20)d(20)=
24 + 10 + 2 16 + 10 2
36
24
6
3

) d(x)=

) d(x)=

20

3 + 2 56
( 7)( + 8)
=
(| + 8 | +7) + 56 | + 8 | +7( + 8)

d(14)d(14)=

14 (7) (22)
(14)(21)(6) 14
28

= 14 =
.
14 22 + 7 22 (14) 6 + 7 (6) 3
3

1.2.12.

) ()2=

= 3 ; ()2=3
1

+
= 3 ; +=9,
3
1

1 1 1
( 3 3 ) =
3 3

(1+1)(33)1(33)= +
=

( + ) 3 3
3 3 ( 3 3 ) = ()2(+)=39=27;

) ()3=

= 1 ; ()3=1;


= 1 ;=7,
7
1

(11)(44)1(44)= 1 1 1 1 ( 4 4 ) =
4
4

4 4

( )
4
( 4 4 ) = ()()3=7.

D.
1.2.D01.

) f(x)=

3
2
8
9
3 8 2 9 2
+
+

; f(x)=
= +2+4++3=2+3+7,
2 3 2 3
2
3

(; 2].
f(x) = x2 + 3x + 7 x (; 2], , min f(x) = f(2) = 5,
,
[5; +) 2.
3
2
27
1
+

.
3 1 3 1
3 27 2 1
+
= 2+3+9++1=2+4+10, x (; 3].
f(x)=
3
1

) f(x)=

f(x) = x2 + 4x + 10 x (; 3], , min f(x) = f(3)=7, , [7; )


5.
1.2.D02.


+ 2
2

) (2+2)1=
=

2 2
( )2
=
=
3
3
+
( + )( 2 + 2 )

( ) 2
1
1
=
= ;
( + )(( + )2 3 ) 4(16 + 3) 76



2
2

) (22)2=

3 3
= 2 2

( )4
=
( 3 )2
3

21

( ) 4
( ) 4
1
1
.
=
=
=
2
2 2
2
2
2
196
(( )( + + ))
(( )(( ) + 3 ))
(2 (4 + 3))

1.2.D03.

) 234=

7 + 7
, 234()3=7+7; 27=7+7; 7=7;
( ) 3

=,
) 24=

2 + 2 + 2 2 2 + 2 2 + 2 2 5
1
=
= =2 ;
2
2 3 + 4 2 2 3 2 + 4 2 2

5 + 5
; 24()1=5+5; 25=5+5; 5=5; =,
( ) 1

2 + 4 + 2 2 2 + 4 2 + 2 2 7
3
=
= =1 .
4
2 2 + 3 2 2 2 2 + 3 2 4

1.2.D04.
2

) 1+1=

26 26 26
; + =
; +1 = 0 ;
5
5
5

13
144
, =5 = , .. =5 =5.
=
5
25


5
1,2

3 2 2 4 2 75 2 10 2 4 2 61
=
=

94
4 2 2
100 2 5 2 2

3 2 2 4 2 3 2 10 2 100 2 107
22
11
=
=
=3 =3 ;
26
26
13
4 2 2
4 2 5 2 25 2
2

) 1+1=

5 5
; + = ; 2 5 +2=0;
2 2

53
, =2 = , =2 =2;
=


2
1,2

5 2 + 4 3 2 20 2 + 8 2 3 2 25
12
=
=
=1

13
13
2 2 + + 3 2
8 2 + 2 2 + 32

5 2 + 4 3 2 5 2 + 8 2 12 2
1
= 2
=
.
2
2
2
2
16
2 + + 3
2 + 2 + 12

1.2.D05.

) 151=4 ; 1 51 =4;


5 =4; =1; =,

3 2 + 4 + 2 2 3 2 + 4 2 + 2 2 9 3
1
= 2
= = =1 ;
6 2
2
2 + + 4 2
+ 2 + 42

22

) 1+41=5 , 1

2
2


+41 2 =5; +4 =5,
2

4 2 2
42 2 2
2 1

= 2
= = .
=1; =,
2
2
2
2
6 3
3 + + 2
3 + + 2

1.2.D06.

) f(x)=

2 + 10 + 61 ( + 5)2 + 36
36
=
= ( + 5) +
.
( + 5)
+5
+5

f(x)=, (+5)+

36
=,
( + 5)

(+5)2(+5)+36=0.
, 0, 24360, 2144, ||12. |f(x)| 12; ..
f(x) (; 12] [12; + ), ,
5.
2 4 + 29 ( 2)2 + 25
25
=
= ( 2) +
.
2
2
2
25
f(x)=, (2)+
=, (2)2(2)+25=0.
2

) f(x)=

, 0, 24250, 2100, ||10.


|f(x)| 10, .. f(x) (; 10] [10; +), , 7.
1.2.D07.

) 1+1=2, + = 2 ;

2 +
2 1
=
= ;
+ 2 +1=0, =1, =.
4 3 4 + 3 7



) 1+1=2; + = 2 ; 2 +1=0; =1, =,






5 + 3 5 + 3
=
= 8 .
3 4 3 4

1.2.D08.

) 1211=4; 21 = 4 ; + 4 21=0; =7 (





(;) ).
=7

+ 2
7 + 2
5
=
= ;
2 + 3 14 + 3 11

) 1401=3; 40 = 3 ; 3 40=0;




23


=5 ( (;) ).

=5

3
15 16
.
=
=
4 3 20 3 23

1.2.D09.

) 1241=2; 24 = 2 ; 2 24=0;

=6 ( (;) ). =6

+
6 +
7 1
=
=
= ;
3 4 18 4 14 2

) 1401=3; 40 = 3 ; 3 40=0;

=8 ( (;) ).

2
8 2
6
=8
=
=
.
2 3 16 3 13

1.2.D10.

) 1+121=7; + 7 +12=0; =3 =4.


=3 =4

3 + 2 9 + 2 7
3
=
= = 1
3
4
4

3 + 2 12 + 2 10
=
=
= 2;
4
5

) 1+61=5; + 5 +6=0; =2 =3.


+ 3
2 + 3
1
+ 3
3 + 3
=
=
=
= 0.
2 5 6 5
2 5 4 5
9
2 + + 5 2
1.2.D11. )
= . 2++52=24+42;
( 2 )2

=2 =3

2(1)(4+)+4252=0. , 0:
=(4+)24(1)(4252)=1622+82+21622+202+162
202=2 (4419)0

2 + + 5 2 19

; , 44
( 2 )2

4.
24

19
.
44

2 + + 4 2
= , 2++42=()2;
( )2

2(1)(2+)+242=0. , 0.
=2(2+1)242(4)(1)=2(42 + 1 + 4 42+16 +4a16) =
5
8

= y2(24a 15) 0 a , ,
1.
1.2.D12.
( + 2)3 ( 1) 2 8
1
( + 2)3 8 ( 1) 2 1
+

=
+
=

2
2

2
3 + 6 2 + 12 2 2
+
= 2+6+12+=2+7+12=(+3)(+4).
=

) f(x)=

f(x) [3;+).
f(x)f(3)=42, , 22.
( + 3)3 ( + 1)2 27
1
( + 3)3 27 ( + 1) 2 1

+
=

+2
+2

+2
3
2
2
+ 9 + 27 + 2
=

= 2+9+27=2+8+27. f(x)f(5)=92 (

+2

) f(x)=

f(x) [5;+ )). ,


48.
3.

.
1.3.01.
1
3
)
1
9

1
a4
) 1
a16

1
9
4
1
9

2 9
1

11 4 2 4

1 2
3
9
9
9
4
2
= =
= = =
=

16

1
1
=
= 4 = 2;
0, 25

6
1

1
1
a 6
=
=5.
= 4 =
a
,2
0
a

1.3.02.
19

1 1 1
+ +
2 10 30

19
30

30 30
= 5 19 = 51 = 0, 2;

1 1 1
+ +
2 8 56

9
14

14 14
1
= 5 9 = 51 = = 0, 2.

25

1.3.03.
9

( 3 )( + 3 )

= +3

+ 6 + 9 ( + 3 + 9 )

+3
15

1
+ 3 250
10

+2

1 2 100

3
+3

= 2

( 2 + 4 )

10 2

+3

3 25
1

10 + 3 250

2 + 4

2
2

2 25
21 2 50

10 2 10 2
=
.
1 20
19

1.3.04.

+ 8 ( 2 )( + 2 )
=

4
+2

( + 2 )( 2 )

+ 3 + 9

15 10 15 10
=
;
1 + 150
151

( + 2 )( 2 + 4 )

(
=
=

27 ( 3 )( + 3 )
=

9
3

( 3 )( + 3 + 9 )

19
9 70
19 9 70
14 +
5= +
2
2
14 5 5 14

)(

5 + 14 14 5 5 14
14 5 5 14

19 9 70 70 14 70 + 5 70 + 70 19
19
+
= +0 = ;
2
2
2
14 5 5 14

)(

)=
)

17
5 66
17 5 66 6 + 11 11 6 6 11
11 +
6=
+
=
2
2
11 6 6 11
11 6 6 11
17 5 66 66 + 6 66 11 66 + 66 17
17
= +
= +0 = .
2
2
2
11 6 6 11

1.3.05.

1
1

3 5 3+ 5

2 5
5 4 = 10;
4
1
1

2 3 2+ 3

3+ 5 3+ 5
5 + 45 =
2
5 1+ 9 =
32 5

( )

2+ 3 2+ 3
12 75 =
3

43

= 2 3 3 (2 5) = 18.
26

4 25 =

1.3.06.
4

1
) 1
4 + 9

16 2 81 2
16 2 81 2

= 1 =

4 9

16 2 81 2
1
4

4 +9
4
4 9
=

1 1 9
1
= = =2 ;
4 4
4
9
8

1
) 1
8 + 9

81 2
4

64 2 81 2

81 2
8

8 9

1
64 2 81 2 8

8 +9
8
8 9
=
=

8
= 1 =
9

64 2 81 2

9
1
=1 .
8
8

.
1.3.01.

+6 +5
+1

+ 6 1 + 4
1 +1

1 +1

)(

+1

+1

1 + 6 1 + 5

+5

= +5

)(

1 +1

1 + 5

1 + 1

)=

= + 5 1 5 = 1;
)

+6 +8
+4
2

( )
=

+6 2 +6
2 +4

+6 2 +8

2 +4

+2

)(

+6 +8
+4

+4

+4

)(

2+2

)(

2+4

2 +4

)=

= + 4 2 4 = 2.
1.3.02.

) 18 4 14 + 18 + 4 14 =
)

21 4 17 + 21 + 4 17 =

= 17 4 + 17 + 4 = 2 17.
1.3.03.
) 13 + 4 3 + 13 4 3 =

(2

14 2

17 4

3 +1 +

+
2

14 + 2

(2

3 1

17 + 4

= 14 2 + 14 + 2 = 2 14;
2

= 2 3 + 1 + 2 3 1 = 4 3;

27

(2

21 + 4 5 + 21 4 5 =

(2

5 +1 +

5 1

= 2 5 + 1 + 2 5 1 = 4 5.

1.3.04.

) 6 + 2 12,5 +
=

( 6 + 5 2 )( 2 + 2 ) + 6

2+ 2

) 5 + 8 4,5
=

6 14
2 7 + 14

5 10
2 5 10

(5 + 12 2 )( 2 2 ) 5
2( 2 1)

= 6+
=

1
2

8 9
2

3
2

5 2 2

2 1

( )=
2 (1 + 2 )

(
2(

14

))

1
= 1 = (491 )1 = 49;

3
3
5
4 + 1
: ( + ) 2 = 3 : 4 + 1 2 =

((

))

( 4 + 1) 2
3
2

( 4 + 1)

1
= 1 = (641 )1 = 64.

1.3.06.

) 1

1
6

1
2

1
3

1
6

2
2 1

3 + 1 3 1 3

=
= 1 1
1

6
4

=1 1 + 3 1 3 = 1 1 + 3 = 3 ;

) 1

28

1
10

3
3
1
1
10 5 + 2 = 1
1

10

2
5

1 +

=1

4
10

3
5

2
5

3
5

3
2

5 1 + 5

4
4

= 1 1 5 = 5 .

6 2
2+ 2

22 1 + 2

= 5 + 12 2

10 + 19 2 24 5 2

((

( 2 1)

) 2 +

5 10

= 6+5 2 +

2 1
: 2 1 =
: ( 3 ) 2 =

( 2 1)

7 2+ 2

2 1+ 2

1.3.05.

) 2

6 14

12 + 16 2 + 10 + 6 2

= 5+
2

2 25

22

5 2

)=
2 1)

2 1

= 11 2;

2 2

14
2

= 7 2.

1.3.07.

1 5

) 16(2,72,3)(3,3+2,9+2,5)=16
2,7
3

2
4
2

6 3
5

1
5
5

1 + +

= 1

= 5;
3,3
6

1 + 0,4
6 3,5
3,1
2,5
) 1 ( + )( 2,1+1,7)=16

3,5

(1

0,4

0,8

2,5

) = 1 (1+ ) (1
6

0,4

0,4

( ))
2

+ 0,4

( ) ) =

= 1 1 + 0,4

1,2

1.3.08.

15
+1 4

3
2 + +1

( 15)(2 + + 1) ( 3)( + 1 4)
( + 1 4)(2 + + 1)

= 2 + + 1 30 15 + 1 + 1 + 4 + 3 + 1 12 = 6( 2 + 1 7) = 6;
2 +1 8 + +1 4 +1
2 + 1 7)
12
( 4)(3 + 3) ( 12)( 3 + 1)

=
=
3 +1 3 + 3
( 3 + 1)(3 + 3)
= 3 12 + 3 4 3 3 + 12 3 + 12 = 2( + 4 3) = 2.
3 3 + 3+ 3+ 3
+ 4 3)

1.3.09.
1

) f(3+x)f(3x)= (3 + ) 6 (3 ) 6 (3 ) 6 (3 + ) 6 =

= (3 + ) 6 (6 (3 + )) 6 = f2(3+x);

2 3

(f(3+x)f(3x))3= (3 + ) 6 (3 ) 6 = (3 + )(3 ) = 9 2 =

=9 7 1 7 2 = 9 7 2 = 9 7 1 = 8 6 ;
) f(2+x)f(2x)= (2 +
= (2 +

1
) 4 (2

1
) 4

1
) 4 (4 (2 +

(2

1
) 4 (2 +

(2 ) 4 (4 (2 )) 4 =
2

1
1

= (2 + ) 4 (4 (2 + )) 4 = f2(2+x);

(f(2+x)f(2x))2=
1

= 4 2 1 7 2

1
) 4

1
)) 4

1
1

(2 + ) 2 (2 ) 2 = (2 + )(2 ) = 4 2 =

7 9
1
2
= 4 2 7 = 4 = = 2 .
4 4
4

29

1.3.10.

) f(6+x)f(6x)= 5 (6 + )3 (12 (6 + ))3 5 (6 )3 (12 (6 ))3 =


= 5 (6 + )3 (6 )3 5 (6 + )3 (6 )3 =
(f(6+x)f(6x))5=

(6 + )6 (6 )6

(6 + )3 (12 (6 + ))3

= f2(6+x);

= (6+x)6(6x)6=(36x2)6= 36

2
35 = 1;

) f(4+x)f(4x)= 3 (4 + ) 2 (8 (4 + ))2 3 (4 )2 (8 (4 )) 2 =
= 3 (4 + ) 2 (4 )2 3 (4 + ) 2 (4 ) 2 =
(f(4+x)f(4x))3=

(4 + )4 (4 ) 4

(4 + ) 2 (8 (4 + ))2

= f2(4+x);

) = (4+x) (4x) =(16x ) = 16 ( 15 )


3

2 4

2 4

= 1.

1.3.11.

) 11 4 7 11 + 4 7 = ( 7 2) 2 ( 7 + 2) 2 =
= 7 2 ( 7 + 2) = 4; (4)216=1616=0, ,
x2 16 = 0;
) 17 12 2 17 + 12 2 = (3 2 2) 2 (3 + 2 2)2 =
= 3 2 2 3 2 2 = 4 2; (4 2 )232=3232=0, , x2 32 = 0.
1.3.12.

0,5

3 2 +3 +2
1
1
4
+ 0,5
3 =

0,5
0,5
3 3 + 2 3 2
+ 2
3 2

)(

6 9 4
9 4

= 2 = 2 16 = 8;
=
4
3
9

0,5

2 3 2 3
1
1
9
0,5
2 =

0,5
0,5
2 2 + 3 2 3
+ 3
2 3

)(

4 9 6 4 9

= 3 = 3 81 = 27.
=
2
2 4 9

.
1.3.01.
82 7

)
=

161 72 5
7 1
94 5

30

7 +1
9+4 5

8+ 2 7
161 + 72 5
=

( 7 1)2
(9 4 5)

( 7 + 1)2
(9 + 4 5) 2

( 7 1)(9 + 4 5) ( 7 + 1)(9 4 5)
=
81 16 5

= 9 7 9 + 4 35 4 5 9 7 9 + 4 35 + 4 5 = 8 35 18 ;
)
=

12 2 11
17 12 2

11 1
3 2 2

12 + 2 11
17 + 12 2

11 + 1
3+ 2 2

( 11 1)2

(3 2 2) 2

( 11 + 1) 2
(3 + 2 2) 2

( 11 1)(3 + 2 2) ( 11 + 1)(3 2 2)
=
9 42

= 3 11 3 + 2 22 2 2 3 11 3 + 2 22 + 2 2 = 4 22 6.
1.3.02.
1

b
b
2ba a
2ab b

b

2a b = ( a b ) ( a b ) =
) 2b
1
1
2b a
2a b
a ab
b + ab

a
b
a b

2ab
2ab
2ab( a b )
= ab ;
=
2 ab ( b a )
1

+ b
+ b

+ b

10

10a b
)
1
1
a + ab
b + ab

10ab
10ab

10ab
= a+
10b
a+

a 10ab
+
b
a+
a
10a
+
b
a+

b
10ab( a + b )
b =
= ab .
10
ab ( b + a )
b
b

1.3.03.

) (3 )1 3 33 9 + 27 = (3 )1 2 ( 3) 9( 3) =
= (3 ) 1 ( 3)( 2 9) = (3 ) 1 ( 3)2 ( + 3) =
=

3
+ 3 = + 3 , >3;
3

) (4 ) 1 3 9 3 + 24 16 = (4 ) 1 ( 1)( 4) 2 =
= (4 ) 1 ( 4) 1 = 1 , >4.
1.3.04.

) 16 2 8 + 1 2 4 + 4 = (4 1)2 ( 2)2 = |41||2|=


=14(2)=13, x<2;
) 9 2 + 6 + 1 2 8 + 16 = (3 + 1) 2 ( 4)2 = |3+1||4|=
=13(4)=52, x<9.
1.3.05.

(3 )2 (2 ) 2 =|3||2|=3+(2+)=1; 2<x<4;

(4 ) 2 (3 ) 2 =|4||3|=4+(3+)=1; 2<x<7.

31

1
1
1
3 5

5
2
1
a 2 a 6 2x 2 2x 4 a 2 2x 2
1 2
1
32

4
2
1.3.06. )
5
1
= a 2 x = (125 4 ) =11;

2
2

a 2x

) , , !
1.3.07.

)
)

2 1 b ab 1 b

b 1

) + 4(2 + a )

2 2 b ab 2 b
b 2

) + 5(

ab 2 + a

a +2

a + 1 ab

)=

ab 2 + 4 ab =2;

)=

ab 1 + 5 ab =4.

a +1

a +1

1.3.08.
27 3
6
+
: 1 3 =

9
+

( 3)( + 3 + 9)

( 3)( + 3)

3
(3 )

3 3 6 + 6 + 9

:
=
+ 3
3
+3

( + 3) 2 ( 3)
( + 3) 2

= 3 ;

64
4
8
+
: 1
=
+ 4
4
16

= ( 4)( + 4 + 16) + 4 : 4 8 = + 8 + 16
( 4)( + 4)

+4
4
+4

(4 )

( + 4) 2 ( 4)
( + 4) 2

= 4 .

1.3.09.

) 8 6 : 1

4 ( 2)( + 2 + 4)
6

:
=

4
+2
+ 2 ( 2)( + 2)
+ 2

2 4 + 4 + 2 ( 2)2 ( + 2)

=
= 2;
=
+ 2
+2
2 ( + 2) ( 2)

+1 3
2 ( + 1)( + 1) 3
+
+
: 1 +
:
=
1
1 ( + 1)( 1)
1
1

+ 1 + 2 + 1 1 ( + 1) 2

=
= + 1.
=
1
+1
+1
1

32

1.3.10.

5
+5
+5
+5
:
5 =
1
1
(
5)
5
+

+ ( 5) + 5

+
5
+5

(5 ( x + 5)) 5 + 5 ( + 5 5) ( + 5 + 5)

5 =
+ 5( + 5 + 5)
+5

=(55)(5)5=2;
7
+ 7
7
7
:
7 =
1
1
(
7)
7

+
( + 7) 7

+7
7

(7 + 7) + 7 7 7 + 7( 7 + 7)
( 7 + 7) 7

7 = (+7)7=2.

1.3.11.
+8

)
=

+2

2 + 4 + 16
+2 +4

+8
+2

( 3 64)( 4) ( 3 64)( 4)
( + 2)( 8)( 4)

)
=

+ 27
+3

2 + 9 + 81
+3 +9

( 8)( 4)

= 0;

+ 27

+3

( 3 729)( 9) + ( 3 729)( 9)
( + 3)( 27)( 9)

( 3 64) ( 2)

( 3 729) ( 3)
( 27)( 9)

= 0.

1.3.12.
) (3 )1 3 5 2 + 3 + 9 = (3 )1 ( + 1)( 3)2 =

= (3 )1 (3 ) + 1 = + 1 , 1x<3;
) (1 )1 3 + 3 2 9 + 5 = (1 )1 ( 1)2 ( + 5) =
= (1 )1 (1 ) + 5 = + 5 , 5x<1.
D.
1.3.D01. )

18 81 + 18 81 =

81 9

81 + 9

= 81 9 81 9 = 18 , >165;
)

22 121 + 22 121 =

121 11

121 + 11

= 121 11 121 11 = 22 , >244.


1.3.D02. )

9
2

+ + +

+ ... +

( 8 1)
(1 + + + + ... + 7 )

33

( 1)(1 + + ... + ( )15 )


1 + + ... + ( )15
9 3

)
=

= 1 = 1,96 1 = 1, 4 1 = 0, 4;

3 + 3 + 4 + 4 + ... + 8

3 ( 6 1)
3 (1 + + + + 2 + ... + 5 )

( 1)(1 + + ( )2 + ... + ( )11 )


(1 + + ( ) 2 + ... + ( )11 )

1.3.D03. ) f(g(x))= 5

g ( x) 5
=
g ( x) 3

= 1 = 1,69 1 = 1,3 1 = 0,3.

5 3 x5
5
1 x5
=
5
5 3x

3
1 x5

2 x5 5 5
= x = x;
2

x5
53
5 3 f 5 ( x)
x 3 = 2 x = x = f(g(x)). f(g(2))=2;
=
g(f(x))=
x5
2
1 f 5 ( x)
1
x3
4 x5
4
5
g ( x) 4
3x5 5 5
) f(g(x))= 5
= 5 1 x 5
=5
= x = x;
3
g ( x) 1
4 x

1
1 x5
x4
4
4 f 5 ( x)
x 1 = 3x = x = f(g(x)). f(g(2))=2.
=
g(f(x))=
3
1 f 5 ( x) 1 x 4
x 1

1.3.D04. ) f(5x)+f(5+x)=

) f(4x)+f(4+x)=

( 1)2 3 ( 1) 2
3

(1 + ) 2 3 (1 ) 2
3

(1 )2 3 ( 1)2
3

(1 ) 2 3 (1 + ) 2
3

= 0.

7
+ 49 + 7

+ 49 + 49 + + 49 =
+
1.3.D05. )
7 + 49
+ 49
+ 49(7 + 49)
1+

+
=

49 + + 49

+ 49

( + 49 + 7)2
( + 49)(49 ( + 49))

49 49 14 + 49 + 98 +
+ 49

+9 9 +9 =
)
3+ +9
+9

9 + ( 9)

34

+9

( + 18 6 + 9)
+9

+ 49

14 + 49
+ 49

98 +

= 14;

( + 9 3) 2
+ 9(3 + + 9)( + 9 3)
+ 18
+9

6 + 9
+9

= 6.

= 0;

1.3.D06. ) ()=

5 + 5 2 2

1+

(1 + )(5 )
1+

= 5 5.

()5, ()=4 =1;


3

) ()=

6 + 2 2 3 2

3+

(3 + )(2 )
3+

= 2 2.

()2, ()=1 =1.


1.3.D07. ) ()= 0,5 +

25 0,5 0,5
25
= 0,5 +
= 0,5 +
+ 5 0,5
( 0,5 + 5)

(5 0,5 )(5 + 0,5 )


5
5
= 0,5 + 0,5 = > 0 ,

( x0,5 + 5)
5
x>0, ()=2 = ;
2

) ()= 0,5 +
+

36 0,5 0,5
36
= 0,5 +
= 0,5 +
0,5
+ 6
( 0,5 + 6)

(6 0,5 )(6 + 0,5 )


6
6
= 0,5 + 0,5 = > 0 ,

(6 + 0,5 )

x>0. ()=2 =3.


( 1)

1.3.D08. ) ()=

( 1)

1
( 1) 4

1
= 1 3( 1) 4

1
2

1
2

+ 3( 1)

1
( 1) 4

1
4

1
( 1) 4

) ()=

( + 2)

1
2

1
2

16

+ 4( + 2)

1
4

1
4

1
+ 3( + 2) 4

1
1

4 (( 1) 4

1
4

+ 3)

+ 3)

< 1 , (1)>0.
1

(( + 2)

1
4

( + 2)
1

3)(( 1)

81 337
3 4
= 1+ = 1+
=
;
256 256
4

3
4

, ()=2 ( 1) 4 = ,
( + 2)

( 1)

1
= 1 4( 1) 4
1

(( 1)

4)(( + 2)
1
1

4 (( + 2) 4

1
4

+ 4)

+ 4)

+ 3( + 2) 4 = 1 4( + 2) 4 + 3( + 2) 4 = 1 ( + 2) 4 < 1 , +2>0.
1

, ()=1 ( + 2) 4 = 2,
1.3.D09.

= 2 + 24 = 14.

3
3
3

+
+ ... +
=
17 + 14
+ 49 + + 52
20 + 17
= ( + 52 + 20) 3( 20 17) + 3( 17 14) + ... + 3( + 49 + 52) =
20 +17
17 +14
+ 49 52

= ( + 52 + 20) ( 17 20 + 14 17 + ... +

) ( + 52 + 20)

35

+ + 52 + 49) = ( + 52 + 20)( + 52 20) =

= ( + 52 + 20) = 72;

) ( + 51 + 23)

23 + 21

2
17 + 14

+ ... +

=
+ 49 + + 51
2

2( 21 23 2( 19 21
2( + 51 + 49
= ( + 51 + 23)
+
+ ... +
==

21

+
23

19

+
21
+ 51 49

( + 51 + 23) ( 21 23 + 19 21 + ... +
+ + 51 + 49) = ( + 51 + 23)( + 51 23) =

= ( + 51 + 23) = 74.
1.3.D10. )

2a

4b a
a:
+4 b =
2 8ab + 16b 2 +

2 a b
2a ab

ab

8a b

= (a 4b) 2 +
:
=| a 4b | + =
8
2 a b a (2 a b )
1
8

1
8

=|3,7818,48|+ =14,7+ =14,825;

5b a
a:
+5 b =
9 2 6ab + b 2 +

+
+
a
b
a
ab

ab 5a b

= (3a b)2 +
:
=| 3a b | =
5
a + b a + ab
=|3,34,62|

1
=1,320,2=1,12.
5

1.3.D11.
) + 6 9 6 9 = ( 9 + 3)2 ( 9 3)2 =

= 9 + 3 | 9 3 |= 9 + 3 (3 9) = 2 9 , 9<x<18
9 <3;

+ 8 16 8 16 = ( 16 + 4)2 ( 16 4) 2 =

= 16 + 4 | 16 4 |= 16 + 4 (4 16) = 2 16 ,
16 <4.
1.3.D12. ) f(4x)+f(4+x)= 2 + 2 + + 2 2 + +

16<x<32

2+ + 2
2+
+
+
2+ +
2+ 2
4 +
) f(1x)+f(1+x)=
4

36

2 2+

2 + 2+

2
= 0 2<x<2.
2
4+
4 4+
+
+
4+
4 + 4 +

+ 4 + + 4 + 4 + 4 = 0 3<x<1.

4+ 4

4+ + 4

4.

15
1.4.01. ) cos= , 0<< ; sin= 1 cos2 = 1 225 = 8 ,
2
17
289 17

tg=

sin 8
=
, ctg= 1 = 15 ;
cos 15
tg 8

12
144 5
=
, << ; sin= 1 cos 2 = 1
,
13 2
169 13
sin
5
1
12
= .
tg=
= , ctg=
tg
5
cos
12

) cos=

15 35
37
225 8
=
,
<<
; cos= 1 sin 2 = 1
,
17
2
2
289 17
sin
15
1
8
= ;
tg=
= , ctg=
tg
15
cos
8

1.4.02. ) sin=

12
27
25
144
5
,
<<
; cos= 1 sin 2 = 1
= ,
13
2
2
169
13
sin
12
1
5
= , ctg=
= .
tg=
tg
12
cos
5

) sin=

7
49
24
=
, 4 <<5 ; sin= 1 cos 2 = 1
,
25
625 25
sin 24
1
7
=
, ctg=
;
tg=
=
tg 24
cos 7

1.4.03. ) cos=

21
441
20
= ,
, 9<<10 ; sin= 1 cos 2 = 1
29
841
29
sin
20
1
21
.
tg=
= , ctg=
=
tg
20
cos
21

) cos=

1.4.04. ) tg

182 3
2 4
tg =tg
tg
<0;
9
9
7
7

46 136

4
tg
<0.
=tg tg
7
5
5
7

7 3
1
24
1.4.05. ) tg=
,
<<2 ; ctg=
,
=
24 2
tg
7

) tg

cos=

1
1
24
7
=
=
, sin=tgcos=
;
49
25
25
1 + tg 2
1+
576

37

35
1
12
1
1
12

, 0<< ; ctg=
, cos=
,
=
=
=
2
1225
tg 35
37
12
2
1 + tg
1+
144
35
.
sin=tgcos=
37

) tg=

1.4.06.

) cos

314
385
4

246
405
6
5
sin
=cos sin <0; ) cos
sin
=cos sin
<0.
5
8
5
5
8
5
8
8

.
1.4.01. ) ctg=2,

1
17
15
1
1
=
<<
; tg=
= , sin=
ctg 2
2
2
1 + ctg 2

1
1
2
; cos=ctgsin=
;
=
1+ 4
5
5

) ctg=4,

1
1
1
7
9
<<
; tg=
= , sin=
=
ctg
4
2
2
1 + ctg 2

1
1
4
; cos=ctgsin=
.
=
1 + 16
17
17
1
1.4.02. ) sincos= , 2 <<3 ,
4

sin>0 cos>0 (sin+cos)=


= (sin + cos )2 = 1 + 2sin cos = 1 +

1
=
2

3
;
2

1
5

) sincos= , 3 <<2 , sin<0 cos<0 (sin+cos)=


= (sin + cos )2 = 1 + 2sin cos = 1 +

2
7
.
=
5
5

3 13
15
,
<<
, cos<0, sin>0 cossin=
11
2
2
6
17
;
= (cos sin ) 2 = 1 2cos sin = 1 + =
11
11
1
7
5
) sincos= ,
<<
, cos<0, sin>0 cossin=
15
2
2

1.4.03. ) sincos=

= (cos sin )2 = 1 2cos sin = 1 +


1.4.04. )

2
17
=
.
15
15

sin3 35o cos3 35o sin2 35o + cos2 35o (sin35o cos35o )(1 + sin35o cos35o )

sin35o cos35o
tg35o + ctg35o
sin35o cos35o

1 cos 35o sin 35o


= 1 + sin 35o cos35o sin 35o cos35o = 1;
sin 2 35o + cos 2 35o

38

sin3 24o cos3 24o sin2 24o + cos2 24o (sin 24o cos24o )(1 + sin 24o cos24o )

sin 24o cos24o


tg 24o + ctg 24o
sin 24o cos24o

sin 24o cos 24o


= 1 + sin 24o cos 24o sin 24o cos 24o = 1.
sin 2 24o + cos 2 24o

ctg + 15 + tg 27
ctg + 15 + ctg (27 )
4
2
4

1.4.05. )
=
=
3
cos 2 (4) + sin 2 (10)
2
2
cos (2 4) + cos 10
2

5
9
ctg + + ctg
4 4
4 = 0 + 1 = 2;
=
1 1
2
2 5
+
cos + sin
4 4
3
6

ctg 21 + tg 15 ctg 21 + ctg (15 )


4
2
4

)
=
=
5
cos 2 (4) + sin 2 (2)
2
2
cos (3 4) + cos 2 +
2

7
5
ctg + ctg
4 4
4 = 0 + 1 = 2.
=
1 1
2
2
+
cos + sin
4 4
3
6

1.4.06.

2cos13o cos 43o cos56o 2cos13o cos 43o (cos13o cos43o sin13o sin 43o )
=
=
2sin58o cos13o sin 71o 2sin58o cos13o (sin13o cos58o + cos13o sin58o )

3
cos13o cos 43o + sin13o sin 43o cos30o
2
=
=
=
=
sin 58o cos13o sin13o cos58o sin 45o
2
2

3
2

3
;
2

2cos10o cos70o cos80o 2cos10o cos70o (cos10o cos70o sin10o sin 70o )
=
=
2sin 40o cos10o sin50o 2sin 40o cos10o (sin 40o cos10o + cos40o sin10o )

1
cos10o cos 70o + sin10o sin 70o cos 60o 2
=
= = 1.
=
sin 40o cos10o sin10o cos 40o sin 30o 1
2

1.4.07. )

sin 2 11o + sin 2 79o


sin 2 11o + cos 2 11o 1
=
= = 1;
o
o
2
2
cos 53 + cos 37
cos 2 53o + sin 2 53o 1

sin 2 8o + sin 2 82o


sin 2 8o + cos 2 8o
1
=
= = 1.
o
o
2
2
cos 51 + cos 39
sin 2 39o + cos 2 39o 1

1.4.08. ) cos14cos74<cos14cos60<cos60=

1
2

39

) cos10cos40<cos10cos30<cos30=

3
.
2

1.4.09. ) (sin237+cos238)(cos237+sin238)=cos76cos74<0,
sin237 + cos238 < cos237+sin238;
) sin26+cos29(sin29+cos26)=cos18cos12<0,
sin26 + +cos29<sin29+cos26.
21
3
3

cos 3
cos 3 + cos 3 +
4
4
4

1.4.10. )
=
=
= 1;
3
5
3

sin 3
sin 3 + cos 3 +
4
4
4

3
3
3

sin 2 +
sin 2 +
sin 2 +
4
4
4

=
=
=
)
21
3 16
3

cos 2 +
cos 2 + + +
cos + 2 +
4
4 2
4
4

2
3

sin 2 +
4

= 1.
=
3

sin 2 +
4

1 (sin cos )2 1 1 3
= = ;
2
2
2 8 8
(3sin + 3cos ) 2 9 8
4
=
= .
) sincos=
18
18
9

1.4.11. ) sincos=

1.4.12.
sin cos
1
1
1
+
=
, cossin=
= ;
tg + ctg
8
cos sin sin cos
1
1
= .
) sincos=
tg + ctg 9

) tg+ctg=

.
1.4.01. )

sin112o cos 7o cos14o cos 28o


= cos 7o cos14o cos 28o cos56o ;
2sin 56o

)
=

sin112o sin112o cos 7o sin112o cos 7o sin112o cos 7o cos14o


=
=
=
=
16sin 7o 16sin 7o cos 7o
8sin14o
4sin 28o

sin 256o
2sin128o cos128o 4sin 64o cos 64o cos128o
=
=
=
o
16sin16
16sin16o
16sin16o

8sin 32o cos32o cos 64o cos128o 16sin16o cos16o cos 32o cos 64o cos128o
=
=
16sin16o
16sin16o

= cos16o cos32o cos 64o cos128o.


1.4.C02. )

40

sin12o + sin10o 2sin11o cos1o tg11o


=
=
;
tg1o
sin12o sin10o 2sin1o cos11o

sin 32o + sin 22o 2sin 27o cos5o tg 27o


.
=
=
tg 5o
sin 32o sin 22o 2sin 5o cos 27o

1.4.03. )

cos17o cos 29o 2sin(6o )sin 23o sin 6o sin 23o


=
=
=
cos17o + cos 29o
2cos 6o cos 23o
cos 6o cos 23o

= tg 6o tg 23o > tg 23o sin 6o ;


)

cos 6o cos8o 2sin1o sin 7o


=
= tg1o tg 7o > tg 7o sin1o.
cos 6o + cos8o 2cos1o cos 7o

1.4.04.

cos(2 + ) cos(2 )
2sin 2 sin
tg 2tg =
tg 2tg =
cos(2 ) + cos(2 + )
2cos 2 cos

=tg2tgtg2tg=0;
)

cos( 2) cos( + 2)
2sin sin 2
+ tg tg 2 =
+ tg tg 2 =
cos( 2) + cos( + 2)
2cos cos 2

=tgtg2+tgtg2=0.
1.4.05. )

sin( + 2) sin( 2) tg tg 2 2sin 2 cos tg tg 2


+
=
+
=
sin( 2) + sin( + 2)
2sin cos 2
tg
tg

tg 2 tg tg 2
+
= 1;
tg
tg

sin(2 + ) + sin(2 ) tg tg 2
2sin 2 cos tg tg 2

=
tg
tg
sin(2 ) sin(2 + )
2sin cos 2
tg 2 tg 2 tg
+
= 1.
=
tg
tg

1.4.06.

) 3ctg2ctg2
3

3cos 2 + sin 2 sin 2 cos 2


= 3ctg2ctg2
sin 2 sin 2

ctg 2
ctg 2
1
1

1 + 2 = 3ctg 2 1 2 ctg 2 1 2 1 =
2
sin
sin
sin
sin

cos 2
cos 2
2
2
ctg 2
1 = 3ctg ctg +
2
2

sin
sin

= 3ctg 2

+ ctg 2 ctg 2 1 = 2ctg 2ctg 2 1;


) 2ctg23ctg2

2cos 2 2sin 2 sin 2 3cos 2


= 2ctg23ctg2
sin 2 sin 2

2ctg 2
3ctg 2
1
1

+2+
= 2ctg 2 1 2 + 2 3ctg 2 1 2 =
2
sin
sin 2
sin
sin

= 2ctg 2ctg 2 + 2 + 3ctg 2 ctg 2 = 2 + ctg 2ctg 2.


1.4.07.
)

sin 5 + sin 6 + sin 7


2sin 6 cos + sin 6
tg 6 + 1 =
tg 6 + 1 =
cos5 + cos 6 + cos 7
2cos cos 6 + cos 6

41

sin 6(2cos + 1)
tg 6 + 1 = tg 6 tg 6 + 1 = 1;
cos 6(2cos + 1)

sin 4 + sin 7 + sin10


2sin 7 cos3 + sin 7
tg 7 1 =
tg 7 1 =
cos 4 + cos 7 + cos10
2cos3 cos 7 + cos 7
sin 7(2cos3 + 1)
=
tg 7 1 = tg 7 tg 7 1 = 1.
cos 7(2cos3 + 1)

1.4.08.
sin( + )
(sin cos + cos sin )
= 1 cos cos +

tg + tg
sin cos + cos sin
cos cos = 1 cos cos + cos cos = 1;
sin( + )
(sin cos + cos sin )
) 2sinsin+
= 2 sin sin +

ctg + ctg
sin cos + cos sin
sin sin = 2 sin sin + sin sin = 2.

) 1coscos+

1.4.09.
1 sin
1 + sin (1 sin ) (1 + sin ) 2sin 2sin

=
=
=
=
1 + sin
1 sin
| cos |
cos
1 sin 2

= 2tg =

18
;
5

1 sin
1 + sin (1 sin ) (1 + sin ) 2sin 2sin

=
=
=
=
1 + sin
1 sin
| cos |
cos
1 sin 2

= 2tg =

18
;
5

1.4.10.
9ctg + 2tg + 6tg 3 + 3ctg 3 tg + 3tg 3

=
tg 3
3ctg + 2tg 3

2
3
+
1
1
ctg tg 3 tg + 3tg 3

= 3+

3 = 0;
=
3ctg + 2tg 3
tg 3
ctg tg 3 ctg tg 3
6ctg + tg + 2tg 3 + 3ctg 3 tg + 2tg 3

=
)
tg 3
3ctg + tg 3
3(ctg + 2tg 3) +

tg 3 + 3ctg
1
tg
1
ctg tg 3

2 = 2+

2 = 0.
3tg + tg 3
tg 3
ctg tg 3 ctg tg 3

2(3ctg + tg 3) +

=
1.4.11.

43
3
3
cos
cos
cos
4 12
12 4

12 4
=
=
=
)
41

3
cos
cos cos +
4
12
12 4
2 12 4

42

3
cos
12 4 = ctg 3 = ctg + =
=

3
12 4
12 4
sin
12 4

1
tg 1
1
11
12
4
12
=
=
= ;

1
13
tg + tg
1+
12
4
12
tg

35 12
12 3
12 3



cos
cos
cos
4
11
11
4
4

11
=
=
=
)
12 33
12
12 3

cos +
cos

cos
4
4
11
11 4
2 11
12 3

cos
4
12 3
12
11
= ctg
= ctg
+ =
=
11
4
12 3

11 4

sin
4
11
12
12

tg
tg 1
1
1
11
4
=
= 11
= .
12
12 23

1+
tg
+ tg
11
4
11

1.4.12.

8
8
8
8
17
2
2
+cos tg sin tg + cos tg 1 < 1, 08 ;
13
13
13
13

4
4
4
4
9
2
2
+cos tg
sin tg + cos tg 1 < 1, 04 .
11
11
11
11

) sin27 tg

) sin23 tg

D.
1.4.D01.
) sin6+cos6=(sin2+cos2)(sin4sin2cos2+cos4)=
=sin4sin2cos2+cos4=(sin2+cos2)23sin2cos2=
2

(cos + sin )2 1
1
=13 1
9 37
2
= ;

4 = 1 3
64 64
2

2
(cos + sin )2 1
6
6
2
2
) sin +cos =13sin cos =13
=
2

=13sin2cos2=13

4
1
25
83
=13 9 = 1 3
.
=
2
324
108

43

4sin x 3cos x
= 3; 4sinx3cosx=9sinx+6cosx;
3sin x + 2cos x
81
1
1 tg 2 x
56 5 28
9
25
=
=
= ;
, ctg2x=
9cosx=5sinx; tgx=
18 18 25 45
2tgx
5

5
4sin x + cos x
)
= 2; 4sinx+cosx=10sinx6cosx;
5sin x 3cos x
49
1
7
1 tg 2 x
13 3
13
36
7cosx=6sinx; tgx= , ctg2x=
=
=
= .
7
6
2tgx
36 7
84
3

1.4.D02. )

1.4.D03.

2 cos 2 x sin 2 x
= 2 ; 2cos2x2sinxcosx=2(cos2xsin2x)+4sin2x,
cos 2 x + 2sin 2 x

2sin2x+2sinxcosx=0; 1+ctgx=0; ctgx=1;


)

2 cos 2 x + sin 2 x
= 2 ; 2cos2x+2sinxcosx=2(cos2xsin2x)4sin2x,
cos 2 x 2sin 2 x

6sin2x+2sinxcosx=0; sin2x(6+2ctgx)=0; ctgx=3.


1.4.D04. ) sin 4

7
5
11
+ sin 4
+ sin 4
+ sin 4
=
12
12
12
12
2

+ 2sin 4
= 2 sin 4 + cos 4 = 2 sin 2 + cos 2
12
12
12
12
12
12

1
3
4sin 2 cos 2 = 2 sin 2 = 2 = 1 ;
12
12
6
4
4
4
4 5
4 9
4 3
+ cos
+ cos
=
) cos + cos
8
8
8
8

= 2sin 4

= 2 cos 4

+ sin 4 = 2 cos 2 + sin 2


8
8
8
8

4sin 2 cos 2

1
1
= 2 sin 2 = 2 = 1 .
8
4
2
2

1.4.D05.
1
4

) (cos(2x+)+cos(x+2))2=cos2(2x+)+cos2(x+2y)+2cos(2x+y)cos(x+2y)= ;
(sin(2x+y)sin(x+2y))2=sin2(2x+y)+sin2(x+2y)2sin(2x+y)sin(x+2y)=1,
1
+1=2+2(cos(2x+y)cos(x+2y)sin(2x+y)sin(x+2y))=
4
3
1
1
=2+2cos(3x+3y). cos3(x+y)= + 1 2 = ;
8
4
2

44

) (cos(x+3)+cos(3x+))2=cos2(x+3)+cos2(3x+y)+
+2cos(x+3y)cos(3x+y)=1;
1
9

(sin(x+3y)sin(3x+y))2=sin2(x+3)+sin2(3x+y)2sin(x+3y)sin(3x+y)= ,

1
9

10
=2+2(cos(x+3y)cos(3x+y)sin(x+3y)sin(3x+y))=
9
10
2
4
=2+2cos(4x+4y). cos4(x+y)= 9
= .
2
9

1+ =

1.4.D06.

2 = 22 = 4;
) sin=
1+ 4 5
2
1 + tg
2

1 tg 2
2 = 1 4 = 3.
cos=
1+ 4
5
2
1 + tg
2
2tg

sin4+5sin2cos2+4cos4=
4

3 4

= + 5 + 4 =
5
5 5
5

256 + 720 + 324 1300 52


2
=
=
=2 ;
625 25
25
54

2 = 4 = 4 ;
) sin=
1+ 4
5
2
1 + tg
2

1 tg 2
2 = 1 4 = 3 .
cos=
1+ 5
6
2
1 + tg
2
2tg

4sin4+sin2cos23cos4
4

3 4

= 4 + 3 =
5 5 5
5

1024 + 14 243 925 37


12
=
=
=1 .
625 25
25
54

1.4.D07.
) tg2+ctg2=(tg+ctg)22=92=7; tg4+ctg4=(tg2+ctg2)22=492=47;
tg6+ctg6=(tg2+ctg2)(tg4+ctg41)=7(471)=322;
) tg2+ctg2=(tgctg)2+2=9+2=11; tg4+ctg4=(tg2+ctg2)22=1212=119;
tg6+ctg6=(tg2+ctg2)(tg4+ctg41)=11(1191)=1298.
1.4.D08.
) 2sin7x=sin2x+sin12x; 2sin7x=2sin7xcos5x;

cos5x=1; 5x=2 k, k Z; x=

2
k , k Z; sin7x = 0; 7x = n, n Z;
5

tg70x=tg(28 k)=0, k Z; 70x = 10n tg70x = 0.

45

) 2sin6x=sinx+sin11x; 2sin6x=2sin6xcos5x;
cos5x=1; x=

2
k , k Z; tg120x=tg(48 k)=0, k Z sin6x = 0; 6x = n,
5

n Z; 120x = 20n; tg120x = 0.


1.4.D09.
) cos28x=cos2xcos14x; cos28x= 1 (cos16x+cos12x);
2

1
cos 8x= (2cos28x1+cos12x); cos12x=1; 12x=2 k, k Z;
2

x= k , k Z; tg24x=tg(4 k)=0, k Z;
6
1
1 1
) cos27x=cos5xcos9x= (cos14x+cos4x)=cos27x + cos4x;
2
2 2

cos4x=1; x= k, k Z;
2
2

tg8x=tg( 4k )=0, k Z.
1.4.D10. ) sin24x=sin3xsin5x=

1
1
(cos4xcos2x)= (12sin24xcos2x);
2
2

cos2x=1; 2x=2 k, x= k, k Z; tg4x=tg4 k=0, k Z;


) sin28x=sin4xsin12x=
=

1
(cos16xcos8x)=
2

1
(12sin28xcos8x), cos8x=1; x= k, k Z;
2
4

tg20x=tg5 k=0, k Z.
1.4.D11.
) (sin+sin)2=sin2+sin2+2sinsin =2;
(cos+cos)2=cos2+cos2+2coscos =1;
2+1=3=2+2(sinsin+coscos)=2+2cos( ),
cos( )=

3 2 1
= ;
2
2

) cos (+)=cos cos sin sin

(sin22sin sin +sin2)+(cos2+2cos cos +cos2)=(1)2+ 3

2+2cos(+)=4
cos(+)=1.
1.4.D12.
) (sincos)2=12sincos=

1
3
, sincos= ,
4
8

sin4+cos4=(sin2+cos2)22sin2cos2=12(sincos)2=1
1
9

) (sincos)2=12sincos= , sincos=

4
;
9

sin4+cos4=(sin2+cos2)22sin2cos2=12(sincos)2=1
46

9 23
= ;
32 32

32 49
= .
81 81

5.

.
1.5.01.

2 + 2
2

) f (2) f = (6)2 (6) 2 = 6

1+ 4
4

) f (1) f = 7 1 7 4 = 7

1.5.02.

= 63 =

= 7 3 =

1
;
216

1
.
343
2

7 22 + 5 22 7 22 5 22

=
2
2

) f2(x)g2(x)=
=

49 24 + 70 + 25 24 49 24 70 + 25 24 140

=
= 35;
4
4
4
2

3 52 4 52 3 52 + 4 52

=
2
2

) f2(x)g2(x)=
=

9 54 24 + 16 54 9 54 + 24 + 16 54 48

=
= 12.
4
4
4

1.5.03.
) 5f(3)+9f(2)+7f(1)+2f(0)=5(0,1)3+9(0,1)2+70,1+2=
=0,005+0,09+0,7+2=2,795;
) 6f(3)+9f(2)+4f(1)+4f(0)=6(0,1)3+9(0,1)2+4(0,1)+4=
=0,006+0,09+0,4+4=4,496.
1.5.04.
) 5f(3)+8f(2)+f(1)+2f(0)=5103+8102+101+2=
=0,005+0,08+0,1+2=2,185;
) 5f(3)+2f(2)+2f(1)+4f(0)=5103+2102+2101+4=
=0,005+0,02+0,2+4=4,225.
1.5.05.
1

) f 2 + g 5 (0, 2) = 6 2 + ( (0,1) 0,2 ) = 61 + 0,11 = + 10 = 10 ;



2
6
6
1

) f 3 + 2 g 4 (0, 25) = 33 + 2 ( (0, 2) 0,25 ) = 31 + 2 0, 21 =



3

1
1
= + 10 = 10 .
3
3

1.5.06.
) f(x)=5x0,22x=5x0,04x=(0,2)x, 0,2;
) f(x)=102x0,13x=100x(0,001)x=(0,1)x,
0,1. .

47

1.5.01. ) f(x)=72x 81
1

49

49

=49x = ,
;
9
9 9

49 7
= ;
9
3

f =
2

) f(x)=43x 64

( )

1.5.02. ) f(x)= 3 3

1
90,5 = 27 = 9 , 9;
3

1
f = 9 = 3;
2

) f(x)= 4 2

=64x = 8 , 8; f = 3 8 = 2.
3
8

1
160,25 = (32) = 16 , 16;
2

1
f = 4 16 = 2.
4

1.5.03. ) f(x)=

3x +1 + 3x + 2 3x +1 (1 + 3) 4 3
=
=
4 x + 2 4 x +1 4 x +1 (4 1) 3 4

3
3
; 9f(1)= 9
4
4

= 9

x +1

3
= ,
4

4
= 12;
3

4 x +1 + 4 x + 2 4 x (4 + 16) 4
4
=
= , ;
5
5 x + 2 5 x +1 5 x (25 5) 5
5
16f(1)= 16 = 20.
4

) f(x)=

3x +1 + 3 + 3 + 3x + 2 3x (3 + 27 + 9) 3
= x
= ,
5x + 2 + 14 5x
5 (25 + 14) 5
3
25
; 9f(2)= 9 = 25;
5
9

1.5.04. ) f(x)=

4 x +1 + 4 x + 2 + 4 + 3 4 x (4 + 16 + 64) 4
4
=
= ,
;
7
7 x + 2 + 35 7 x
7 x (49 + 35)
7
49
49
1
= 12 .
4f(2)= 4 =
16
4
4

) f(x)=

1.5.05. ) f(2x)8g2(x)=

5 5
52 + 52
52 + 52
8

8
8
8

52 2 + 52 2 1
= = ;
8
8 4
2

) f(2x)14g2(x)=

48

2 2
22 + 22
22 + 22
14

14
14
14

22 2 + 22
2 1
=
= .
14
14 7
2

1.5.06. ) g(2x)6g2(x)=

4 + 4
42 + 42
42 + 42
6

=
6
6
6

42 + 2 + 42
2
1
= = ;
6
6
3
2

7 + 7
7 2 + 7 2
7 2 + 7 2 7 2 + 2 + 7 2
2
2

= = 1.
=
2
2
2
2
2

1
2

1.5.07. ) 6 = 6; (6 ) 6(6 )1=0;


6

) g(2x)2g2(x)=

6=3+ 10 ( 6>0). (66)6=( 10 3)( 10 +3)=109=1;


) 4 +

1
= 4; (4)24(4)+1=0; 4=2 3
4

(44)4=( 3 2)( 3 +2)=34=1


(44)4=(2 3 )(2 3 )=(2+ 3 )( 3 2)=34=1. (44)4=1.
1
1
+2b=4 f(1)=2, 5+ b=2,
5
2
20

a=
+ 10b = 20
99b = 196

99
;
;
;

10a + b = 4
99a = 20
b = 1 97

99
1
1
) f(1)=1, +5b=1; f(1)=4, 3+ b=4,
3
5
65

b = 224
+ 15b = 3
224b = 65
;
;
.

15a + b = 20
224a = 303
a = 1 79

224

1.5.08. ) f(1)=4,

232 (23 ) 2

1.5.09. ) f(2)=
(232 ) 2

29 2 6
= 18
2

= (23 ) 2 = 26 = 64;

332 (33 )2 39 36 315


1
= 18 = 18 = 33 = .
(332 )2
27
3
3

) f(1)=

632 (63 )2

1.5.10. ) f(2)=
(632 )18

323 (32 )3

) f(6)=
(323 )16

6
16

2
17

69 66
=
2

38 36
=

2
3

6
16

2
17

= (316 )

= (617 )
6
16

2
17

= 62 = 36;

= 36 = 729.

49

1.5.11. ) f(44)=744=(74)11, g(33)=833=(83)11; h(22)=922=(92)11.


f(44)>g(33)>h(22);
) f(60)=560=(54)15; g(45)=745=(73)15; h(30)=330=(32)15,
f(60)>g(45)>f(30).
1.5.12. ) f(160)=5160=2580<2780=3240=g(240). f(160)<g(240);
) f(270)=5270=(125)90<(1024)90=4450=g(450). f(270)<g(450).
.
1

1.5.01. ) f g g (3) = 11 5 3 27 < 0;


2
5
1

) f g g (2) = 5 17 3 4 16 < 0.
5
3
14

14

14

5 3 12 3 3 3
1.5.02. ) 7 = 5 2 7 = 514 = 5;

25

34
)

64

6
7

13
= 43 2

6
7

7
= 4 6

6
7

= 4.

1.5.03. ) f2(17)+f2(17)=(317)2+(317)2=(317+317)22=(f(17)+f(17))22=a22;
) f2(24)+f2(24)=(724)2+(724)2=(724724)2+2=(f(24)f(24))2+2=a2+2.
x

1.5.04. ) 46 +36 =4

) 23 53 =2

+
3 2

+
6 2


3 2


6 2

+
2


3 2

+ 3

+
2


6 2

a
= 4ab + 3 ;
b

a
= 2ab 5 .
b

2 a + 4 2b
2a b + 4
2b (2a b + 4)
;
=

7
= 7;
7;
=

2 a 2 2b
2a b 2
2b (2 a b 2)
2
2ab+4=72ab+14; 82ab=10; 2ab=1 ;
8
a
b
b
a b
) 7 + 3 7 = 7 (7 + 3) = 2; 7ab+3=27ab+2; 7ab=1.
7 a + 7b
7b (7 a b + 1)
1.5.06. ) f(1)+f(2)+f(3)++f(n)+= 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + ... + 1 + ... =
6 62 63 64
6n
1
= 6 = 1;
1 5
1
6
) f(1)f(2)+f(3)++(1)n1f(n)+= 1 1 + 1 + ... + (1) n 1 + ... =
5 52 53
5n
1
1
5
=
= .
1 6
1
5

1.5.05. )

50

1.5.07. ) f(3)+f(6)+f(9)++f(3n)+=0,43+0,46+0,49++0,43n+=

0, 43
0, 064
8
=
=
;
1 0, 43 0,936 117

) f(2)+f(4)+f(6)++f(2n)+=0,32+0,34+0,36++0,32n+=
=

0,32
0, 09
9
=
= .
2
1

0,09
91
1 (0,3)

1.5.08. ) f(1)+f(3)+f(5)++f(2n1)+=0,3+0,33+0,35++0,32n1+=

0,3
0,3 30
=
= ;
1 0,32 0,91 91

) f(1)+f(4)+f(7)++f(3n2)+=0,2+0,24+0,27++0,23n2+=
=

0, 2
0, 2
25
.
=
=
1 0, 23 0,992 124

1.5.09. ) f(1)f(3)+f(5)++(1)n1f(2n+1)+=
1 1 1
1
= 3 + 5 + ... + (1)n 1 2 n 1 + ... =
3 3 3
3

1
1
3
3
= 3 = ;
1 10 10
1
9 9

) f(3)f(7)+f(11)++(1)n1f(4n+1)+=
1 1
1
1
= 7 + 11 + ... + (1) n 1 4 n 1 + ... =
8 2 2
2

1
8

1
2
= 8 = .
17
1
17

1
16 16

1.5.10. ) 5 2 5 2 5 2 ... 5 2 ... = (5)

3
47

4 7 4 7 ... 4 7 ... = (4)

3 3 3
3
+ + + ... + + ...
2 22 23
2n

3 3 3
3
+ + + ... + + ...
7 7 2 73
7n

3
7
1
1
(4) 7

3
2
1
1
(5) 2

3
7
6
47

3
2
1
52

= 53 = 125;

= 4 2 = 2.

(3x + 3 x )(3 y + 3 y ) (3 y 3 y )(3x 3 x )

=
16
16
2 (3x y + 3 y x ) 1 3x y + 3 ( x y ) 1
15
=
= f ( x y) = ;
=
16
2
4
2
2
(4 x + 4 x )(4 y + 4 y ) (4 x 4 x )(4 y 4 y )

=
) f(x)f(y)g(x)g(y)=
36
36
4 x + y + 4 x y + 4 y x + 4 x y 4 x + y + 4 x y + 4 y x 4 x y
=
=
36

1.5.11. ) f(x)f(y)g(x)g(y)=

4 x y + 4 y x 1 4 x y + 4 ( x y ) 1
=
= f ( x y ) = 3.
18
3
6
3
22 y 2 + 5

1.5.12. ) 3

11 y 2

2+

=3

5
11 y 2

1
2

1
2

= 9 311 y = 9 (35 )11 y = 9 (11 35 ) y > 9

51

15 x 2 11

5x

=2

8 y2 +3

) 3

4 y2

11
5x

2+

=3

1 x2
= 8 5 11 < 8; 3
2

3
4 y2

= 9 ( 27)
4

8 y2 +3

4 y2

1.5.D01. )

9 x2 4

y2

3 x2

>9, 2

22 y 2 + 5
11 y 2

=2

15 x 2 11

>2
4
3 x2

5 x2

, ;
1

1 x2
= 8 3
< 8;
16

9 x2 4

>2

3 x2

, .
D.
f (61) 661 661 361 3 360 3 (34 )15 3 (81)15
=
=
=
=
=
=
>1 ,
g (76) 476 2152 291 2 290 2 (26 )15 2 (64)15

f(61)>g(76);
)

f (33) 633 633 333 3 332 3 916


=
=
=
=
=
> 1 , f(33)>g(41).
g (41) 441 282 249 2 248 2 816

1.5.D02. ) (552)25+(552x)5x=255x105x+53x+255x105x+53x=
=15(5x+5x)+53x+53x=155+(5x+5x)(52x1+52x)=
=75+5(1+(5x+5x)22)=75+5(253)=185;
) (4+22x)22x+(4+22x)22x=162x+82x+23x+162x+82x+23x=
=24(2x+2x)+23x+23x=244+(2x+2x)(22x1+22x)=
=96+4((2x+2x)23)=96+4(163)=148.
2

x
x

3 2 x
3
3

25x + 2 + 1 8
2
x
5

3
5
5

1.5.D03. ) f(x)= 1

x
5

25 1

2x
x 3
x
x

1 3 3 2 3 1+ 8 3

5 5
5
5
54x

=
2x
3x
4x
x
3
3

3 3
4x
5 9 6 +
1

5

5
5
5

1
x
3 3
3


5 5
2x

x
3 x 3 2x

3
2 3

5 5
5
=
=
x
x
x
3 3 3
3

5 1 5
5

2

2
3 x
x
3 x
3 + 1 3 + 1

x
x 2
5
5
= 5
= 3 +5 .
=

x
x x
x
x

3 3 1 3 5 3
1
3

5 5 5

52

311 + 511 311 + 511


311 + 511 511 + 311

11 11 11 11 = 0;
11
11
11
11

5 3 5 3
5 3 3 5

f(11)f(11)=

x
2x

7
x 7

4
1

2
2
7 x


) f(x)= 1
x

4 x 1
2

2x
x 3
x
x

1 7 7 + 2 7 1+ 4 7



4x

2 2
2
2
2
=

=
x
x
x
x
2
2x

7 7
7
7 7
4x 7
2 9 6 +

3 1

2
2 2
2 2 2

x
2
7 x 7 2 x

7
7 x
2 3
+
1

x
x 2

2 2
2
= 2
= 2 +7 .
=

x
x
x
x
x
x
7 2 7

7 7 7

3
1

1 2
2 2 2

24 + 7 4 24 + 7 4
24 + 7 4 24 + 7 4
4 4 = 4 4 4 4 = 0.
4
4
2 7 2 7
7 2 2 7

f(4)f(4)=

t 9
5
1.5.D04. ) = t , f(x)=

14
t 3 t +9

( t 3)( t + 3) ( t + 3)(t 3 t + 9)
(t 3 t + 9)( t 3)
4

( t)

+ 27

t 3

( t)

9 =

5
6 t 9 = ( t + 3) 2 6 t 9 = t = .
14
4

f > f , < ,
<1;
5
9
14
5
9
2

( t 3)( t + 3) ( t 3)(t + 3 t + 9)
(t + 3 t + 9)( t + 3)

( t)

t 9

) = t , f(x)=
t 3 t +9
7

+ 27

t +3

( t)

9 =
x

2
+ 6 t 9 = ( t 3)2 + 6 t 9 = t = .
7
7

f > f , < , <1.


12
7
7
12
7
x

2 2

1.5.D05. ) = t , :
3

53

3x

f(x)= 3 2 (t 3 1) :
3x

2 3x (t 2 + t + 1)
x
3 2 ((

+ 5 22 =

t 1) 2 + ( t + 1)2 )

3 2 3 2 (t 1)(t 2 + t + 1)(2t + 2)
=
+ 5 2 2 = 3x (t 2 1) + 5 2 2 =
3x 2 (t 2 + t + 1)
2 x

= 3x 1 + 5 2 2 = 2 x 3x + 5 2 2. f(4)=1681+54=45;
3

3x

2 2
) = t , : f(x)= 5 2 (t 3 1) :
5
3x

2 5 x (t 2 + 1 + t )
x

5 2 (( t + 1) 2 + ( t 1)2 )
x

5 2 (t 1)(t 2 + t + 1) 5 2 2 (t + 1)
=
4 2 2 = 5 x (t 2 1) 4 2 2 =
2 5x (t 2 + t + 1)
2 x

= 5 x 1 4 2 2 = 2 x 5x 4 2 2. f(2)=42542=29.
5

x
x
x
x
x
x x x

x
3 2 5 2 3 2 + 5 2 5 4 3 4 3 4 + 5 4

34

1.5.D06. ) f(x)=

=
x
x
x
x
x
x 2
x

2
2
2
4
3 +5
3 3 + 5
5 4 34 5 4

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x x x
x

3 4 5 4 3 4 + 5 4 5 4 3 2 3 4 + 5 4 3 2 + 5 2
34 + 5 4

=
;
2
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

x
x
x

4
4
4
2
4
4
2
2
4
4
3 + 5 3 5
3 5 3 + 5 3 + 5 3 5

f(8)=

(32 + 52 )2
1156
289
;
=
=
26344
(3 + 52 )(32 52 ) 6586 16
8

x
x
x
x
x
x x x

x
9 2 2 2 9 2 + 2 2 2 4 9 4 2 4 9 4

94

) f(x)=

=
x
x
x
x
x
x 2
x

2 + 22
2
4
9
4
4
4
9 9 2
2 9 + 2

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x x x

94 24
9 4 2 4 9 4 + 2 4 9 2 + 2 2 2 4 9 2 2 4 9 4

=
;
x
x
x
x
x
x
x 2
x
x

x
x
x

4 9 4 + 2 4
2
4
4
2
2
4
4
9
2

9 2 9 2 9 + 2 9 + 2

54

4 22 =

(9 2) 2
49
7
7
=
.
=
=
11 6559
11 937
10307
(9 2)(9 + 2)

f(4)=

1.5.D07. ) f3(1)f3(2)+f3(3)++(1)n1f3(n)+=

=(0,1)3(0,1)6+(0,1)9++(1)n1(0,1)3n+=

(0,1)3
0,001
1
=
=
;
1 (0,1)3 1, 001 1001

) f2(1)+f2(2)+f2(3)++f2(n)+=(0,2)2+(0,2)4+(0,2)6++(0,2)2n+=
=

(0, 2)2
0,04 1
=
= .
1 (+0, 2)2 0,96 24

1.5.D08. ) f2(1)+f2(2)+f2(3)++f2(n)+=
2

1
1

1
4
1 1
1

16
=
= ;
= + + ... + + ... =
2
15
15
4 4
4
1
1
16
4
2

2n

) f3(1)f3(2)+f3(3)++(1)n1f3(n)+=

= + + ... + (1)n1
3 3 3
3

3n

1
1

1
3
= 3 = 27 = .
28
28
1

1
27
3

1.5.D09.
) 52x+52y+25x5y25y5x=(5x5y)2+25x+y+5x+y(5x5y)=9+2125+1253=634;
) 32x+32y+9x3y+9y3x=32x+32y+32x+y+3x+2y=32x+32y+32+x+32+y=
=32x+32y+9(3x+3y)=(3x+3y)223x+y+90=102232+90=19018=172.
2

1.5.D10. ) = t ,
7

f(x)= 5t 2 + 11t 8 +

5
t + 11
: 5t 4 +
=
t +1
t +1

5t 3 + 16t 2 + 4t + 3 t + 1 (t + 3)(5t 2 + t + 1)
5t 2 + t + 1 = (5t 2 + t + 1) = t + 3 =
t +1

49

= + 3 ; f(2)= + 3 = + 3 = 15 ;
4
4
7
2
5

t +4

31

) = t , f(x)= 2t 2 + t + 2 +
: 2t 7 +
=
t +4
t +4
2

(2t 2 + t + 3)(t + 4)
2
2
5
= t + 4 = + 4; f(1)= + 4 = 4 .
2
2
5
5
(2t + t + 3)

1.5.D11.

3228

11

2342

10

(3 )
=
(2 )
2 11

3 10

114
114

(9 )
=
(8 )
11

10

114
114

> 1 , 3228

11

> 2342

10

;
55

3230

2345

(3 )
=
(2 )

115

2 6

115

3 5

(9 )
=
(8 )
6

115

115

> 1 , 3230

1.5.D12. )

1
5
= 7
3 3

3
5

1. .

1
7 1
< 0,5 < 2 = 1 . ,
5
5
2

3
7

> 2345

1
7
= 5
5
5

)
5

< 5

1. .

5
7
5
> 1 > 1 . , 5 < 3 .
3
6.
.

1.6.01. ) 8log8

35

) = ( 5)
3

= 5; ) 6log6

53

) = ( 3)
5

= 3.

1.6.02. ) log636+log232=2+5=7; ) log525+ log327=2+3=5.


1.6.03. ) log2781+ log279=

4
2
4 2
log33+ log33= + =2;
3
3
3 3

) log168+ log1632= log16(832)= log16256=2.


1.6.04. ) log354 log32= log3

54
24
= log327=3; ) log224 log26= log2
=
2
6

= log24=2.

1.6.05. ) 5log3 5

) 4log7 3

log 4 7

log5 3

= 4log 4 7

log3 5

= 5log3 5log5 3 = 5

log 7 3

1
log3 5

= 51 = 5;

= (7)log7 3 = 3.

1.6.06.
) log999+ log9911= log99(911)=1; ) log123+ log124= log12(34)= log1212=1.

1.6.01.

log16 4 + log16 24 log16 6 = log16

4 24
= log16 16 = 1;
6

32 14
= log 4 64 = 3.
7
1
1
1
1.6.02. ) log16log381= log164= log44= ; ) log27log464= log273= .
2
2
3
1
1
1
1.6.03. ) log4
+ log5
+ log3 =322=7;
64
25
9
1
1
1
) log3 log4 + log2 =4+23=5.
81
16
8

56

log 4 32 + log 4 14 log 4 7 = log 4

1.6.04. ) log18126 log187= log18

126
= log1818=1;
7

120
= log1515=1.
8

) log15120 log158= log15

1.6.05. ) log2004tg45+ log 1 cos45= log20041+ log 1


2

1.6.06. )

1 1
= ;
2 2

3
1 1
=0+ = .
2 2
2

) log2003ctg45+ log 3 cos30= log20031+ log 3


log 7 5

=0+

+ 6log6 2 + 2log2 18 = 5 + 2 + 18 = 5;

) 9log9 2 + 8log8 6 + 5log5 41 = 2 + 6 + 41 = 7.


1.6.07.
) log381+ log416+ log636=4+2+2=8; ) log327 log264+ log525=36+2=1.
1
3

5
3

1
5

7
5

1.6.08. ) log3 3 (9 3) = log 3 ( 3)5 = ; ) log 4 2 (8 2) = log 2 ( 2)7 = .


1.6.09. ) 92 log3 5 = 34 2 log3 5 = 34 log3 25 =

) 43 log2 3 = 26 2 log2 3 =

26
2

1.6.10. ) 64log8 2
5
1

) 64log8 3
5
1.6.11. )

log5 8

81
6
=3 ;
25
25

64
1
=7 .
9
9
log5

= 82 log8 2 5 log5 8 = 8log8 4 5


log5

= 82 log8 3 5 log5 8 = 8log8 9 5

1
8

= 9

1
8

= 4

1
7
=3 ;
8
8

1
7
=8 .
8
8

2log5 25
22
22
3log 2 16
34
34
= log 2 =
= 2; ) log 9 = log 3 =
= 33 = 27.
log81 4
9
49
7
2
3
9
9
7
7
25log5 6 4log 4 32 = 52 log5 6 4log 4 32 = 36 32 = 2;

1.6.12. )
4

log5 8

log 2 9

34
log3 25

49log7 5 3log3 9 = 4 49log 49 25 3log3 9 = 4 25 9 = 4 16 = 2.

.
1.6.01. )

( 19 )

( 11 )

log19 49

+ 10

1.6.02. ) log

= log

sin

2
5

= 1 + log

log11 25

sin

+6

log 10 11

2
5

log 6 11

( 19 )

( 11)

log 19 7

log 11 5

+ 6log6 121 = 5 + 121 = 126;

+ 10log10 121 = 7 + 121 = 128.

3
2 3 cos + logsin 2 sin =
5
5

3
2

3 = log 2 sin 3 3 =
2cos sin
sin
5
5
5

sin

2
5

1
1
1
3 = 1 + log 2 3 = 1 +
= 1+ ;
2
3 sin 5
3
b
3log3 sin
5

57

2 3
3
7 =
2 49 cos + log sin 2 sin = log sin 2 sin

3
13
13

13
13

2
2
2
= 1 + log 2 7 = 1 +
= 1+ .
2
3 sin 13
3b
3log 7 sin
13

) log

2
sin
13

1.6.03. ) log 1 log 25 5 9 log5 3 = log 1


2

) log 1 log 27 3 16

1
log 5 4

1
= log 1 42 log 4 5 = 1 25 = 24.
3
3

1.6.04. ) 32log0,5

) 64

log 0,25 3 47

=4

45

1 2 log3 5
3
= 1 25 = 24;
2

= 32

3 log 1 3 47

log 1 45

=4

32

1
;
45

= 32 log32 5 =

log 1 47

=4

1.6.05. ) log3log9 27 3 9 = log3

log 4

1
47

1
.
47

1
=4;
81

1
=log464=3.
64
log3 12 + log 4 12
1
1
1.6.06. )
=
+
= log12 4 + log12 3 = log12 12 = 1;
log 3 12 log 4 12 log 4 12 log3 12
log 2 18 + log 9 18
1
1
)
=
+
= log18 9 + log18 2 = log18 18 = 1.
log 2 18 log 9 18 log 9 18 log 2 18

) log4log8 16 4 8 =log4

1.6.07. ) 9

) 4

log3 5 + 2 log 1 4

log 2 5 + 4 log 1 3
16

=4

log 2 5 + log 1 3
2

1.6.08. ) 25log16 2 + log5

) 49log81 3+ log7

1
6

= 32 log3 5 9
=4
1
7

= 25 4

log 2

2 log9

5
3

=4

+ log 25 7
1

+ log 49 6

1
4

= 25
log 4

25
9

1
9
=1 ;
16
16

25
7
=2 .
9
9

= 4 25 7 = 7 5;

+ log 49 6

= 49 4
= 49 4
= 49 4 49log49 6 = 7 6 = 6 7.
log 3 6 log 3 18
1.6.09. )

= log 32 6 log 3 18 log 3 2 =


log 6 3 log 2 3

=(1+log32)2(2+log32)log32=1;
)

log3 63 log 3 21 log 3 63

=
log 32 21 =
log 7 3 log 21 3
log 7 3

= log3 7 ( 2 + log 3 7 ) (1 + log3 7 ) = 2 log 3 7 + log 32 7 1 2 log 3 7 log32 7 =1.


2

1
6

1
6

1
6

1.6.10. ) log a 6 ab = log a ab = (1 + log a b) = (1 + 29) = 5;

) log a 3
58

a 1
a 1
1
= log a = (1 log a b) = (1 + 11) = 4.
3
b 3
b 3

1.6.11. ) 2 log 1
2

1
1
3log8 35 = log 1
log 2 35 = log 2 36 log 2 35 > 0 ,
6
36
2

1
2 log 1 > 3log8 35 ;
6
2

2 log 1
2

1
1
5log 32 26 = log 1
log 2 26 = log 2 25 log 2 26 < 0 ,
5
25
2

1
< 5log 32 26 .
5
2

2 log 1

1.6.12. ) 49 3
1

) 36 4

log 7 27 + 2 log 7 6

log6 16 + 4 log6 4 2

= 49log7 3+ log7 6 = 49log7 18 = 49log49 324 = 324;

= 36log6 2 + log6 2 = 36log6 4 = 36log36 16 = 16.

D.
1.6.D01. ) 2 log 2

32
5+ 6

+ log 2 (11 + 2 30) = 2 log 2

32
5+ 6

+ log 2 ( 5 + 6)2 =

= 2 log 2 32 2 log 2 ( 5 + 6) + 2 log 2 ( 5 + 6) = 10;


) 2 log3

9
7+ 6

+ log 3 (13 + 2 42) = 2log 3 9 2 log 3 ( 7 + 6) +

+ log3 ( 7 + 6)2 = 2 2 2 log3 ( 7 + 6) + 2 log3 ( 7 + 6) = 4.


2
6 log 7 2 +
log 7 320
log 7 26 + log 7 5
log5 7
1.6.D02. ) log70320=
=
=
=
log 7 70 log 7 7 + log 7 2 + log 7 5 1 + log 2 + 1
7
log 5 7
1
a = 6ab + 1 ;
=
1 a + ab + 1
1+ b +
a
6b +

2
6 log 5 2 +
log 5 576
log 5 26 + log 5 32
log3 5
) log30576=
=
=
=
log 5 30 log 5 5 + log 5 2 + log5 3 1 + log 2 + 1
5
log 3 5
2
6ab + 2
a
=
=
.
1 a + ab + 1
1+ b +
a
log 3 153 log 3 459

1.6.D03. )
=(log39+ log317)( log33+ log317)( log317+
log 51 3
log17 3
6b +

+log327)log317= 2 log32 3 + 3log3 17 + log 32 17 log32 17 3log3 17 = 2;


)

log 2 176 log 2 352


=(log216+log211)(log22+log211)

log 22 2
log11 2

59

(log211+log232)log211= 4 log 22 2 + 5log 2 11 + log 22 11 log 22 11 5log 2 11 = 4.

1.6.D04. ) 32 + log3 5 + 4

) 32 + log3 5 9

log 6 7

log 7 9

= (9 5 + 4)log49 81 = 49log49 81 = 81;

= (9 5 9)log36 49 = 36log36 49 = 49.

1.6.D05. ) 21 22 + log2 5 log5 3 3 log3 125 = (21 4 5) log5 3 3 log3 125 =


1

= log5 3 ( 3log3 5 ) = 1;
3

1
4

) 22 51+ log5 4 log 2 4 3 log3 16 = (22 5 4) log 2 3 4 log3 2 = 2.


log13 3

log11 13

log3 11

13log11 3 11log3 13 3log13 11 13 log13 11 11 log11 3 3 log3 13


1.6.D06. ) log 11 log 3 log 13 = log 11 log 3 log 13 =
13 3 11 13 3 11
13 3 11 13 3 11
1

3log13 11 13 log11 3 11log3 13


13

1
log11 3

1
log3 13

11

1
log13 11

= 1;
log19 5

log17 19

log5 17

19log17 5 17log5 19 5log19 17 19 log19 17 17 log17 5 5 log5 19


) log 17 log 5 log 19 = log 17 log 5 log 19 =
19 5 17 19 5 17
19 5 17 19 5 17
1

5 log19 17 19 log17 5 17 log5 19


19

1
log17 5

17

1
log5 19

1
log19 17

= 1.

1.6.D07. ) 6lg(42 3 )12lg( 3 1)=6lg(42 3 )6lg(42 3 )=0;

) 5lg(4+2 3 )10lg( 3 +1)=5lg(4+2 3 )5lg( 3 +1)2=5lg(4+2 3 )


5lg(4+2 3 )=0.
3
5
1
1
log 5 = log 3 log 5 = log35log53=1;
15
15
5
3
4
9
1
1
) (1log436)(1log936)= log 4 log9 = log 4 log9 = log49log94=1.
36
36
9
4
log 2 14 log 2 7

= (log22+log27)(log24+log27)(log27+log28)log27=
1.6.D09. )
log 28 2 log 56 2

1.6.D08. ) (1log315)(1log515)= log3

=log22log24+3log27+ log 22 7 log 22 7 3log27=log22log24=2;


)

log 3 6 log 3 2

= (log32+log33)(log32+log39)
log18 3 log 54 3

(log327+log32)log32=(1+log32)(log32+2)(log32+3)log32=3log32+
+ log32 2 +2 log32 2 3log32=2.
1.6.D10. )

60

log 6 42 log 7 42
(1 + log 6 7)(1 + log 7 6)
=
=
log 6 7 + log 7 6 + 2
log 6 7 + log 7 6 + 2

1 + log 7 6 log 6 7 + log 6 7 + log 7 6 2 + log 6 7 + log 7 6


=
= 1;
log 6 7 + log 7 6 + 2
2 + log 6 7 + log 7 6
log 3 24 log8 24
(1 + log 3 8)(1 + log8 3)
)
=
=
log 3 8 + log8 3 + 2
log 3 8 + log8 3 + 2
1 + log 3 8 log8 3 + log 3 8 log8 3 2 + log 3 8 + log8 3
=
=
= 1.
2 + log 3 8 + log8 3
2 + log 3 8 + log8 3

1.6.D11. )

1
1
1
+
+
=
1 + log 2 11 + log 2 13 1 + log11 2 + log11 13 1 + log13 2 + log13 11

1
1
1
+
+
=
log 2 (11 13 2) log11 (11 2 13) log13 (13 2 11)

=log2862+log28611+log28613=log286(21113)=1;
)
=

1
1
1
+
+
=
1 + log 3 5 + log 3 13 1 + log 5 3 + log 5 13 1 + log13 3 + log13 5

1
1
1
+
+
=
log3 (3 5 13) log 5 (5 3 13) log13 (13 3 5)

=log(3513)3+log(3513)5+log(3513)13=log(3513)(3513)=1.
1.6.D12. )

1
1
1
+
+
= log1022+log1023+log10217=
log 2 102 log 3 102 log17 102

=log102(2317)=log102102=1;
log32log173log217= log3 2 log 2 17 = log17 2 log 2 17 = 1 ,

log3 17
1
1
1
+
+
= log32log173log217=1;
log 2 102 log 3 102 log17 102
1
1
1
+
+
= log2313+log2317+log23111=log231(3711)=1;
)
log 3 231 log 7 231 log11 231
log 7
log73log117log311= log 7 3 11 = log 7 3 log3 7 = 1 ,
log11 3
1
1
1
+
+
= log73log117log311=1.
log 3 231 log 7 231 log11 231

2.
1.
.
2.1.01.
8

8
x 5
; = ;

14
x = 8

14
3
3

x 2
x 2
2 x 3 0
2 x 3 0
1
,
;
,
; = .
) |2x3|=4x;
3
1
x
x
x

x
2

3
=
4
2
3
4
2

x =
x =

2
2

5 x 8 0
) |5x8|=9x;
,
5 x 8 = 9 x

5 x 8 0
x
;
5 ,

5 x 8 = 9 x x = 2

61

2.1.02.
1
8
1
2
) (2+x) =(2+x)(55x4); (2+x)(2+x55x+4)=0; (2+x)(654x)=0; x=2 x= .
9

) (4+x)2=(4+x)(17x+2); (4+x)(4+x17x2)=0; (4+x)(216x)=0; x=4 x= ;

2.1.03. ) (x2+3x23)3=(4x3)3; x2+3x23=4x3; x2x20=0; x=4 x=5;


) (x2+8x+7)3=(2x1)3; x2+8x+7=2x1; x2+6x+8=0; x=2 x=4.
2
2 x + xy = 40
;
3 x y = 10

2.1.04. )

y = 3 x 10
;
2
2 x + x(3 x 10) = 40

y = 3 x 10
;
2
5 x 10 x 40 = 0

y = 3 x 10
x = 4
x = 2
;

;
2
=
2
y

=
x
x
2
8
0

y = 16
3x 2 + xy = 35
;
2 x y = 30

y = 2 x 30
;
2
3 x + x(2 x 30) = 35

x 2 y = 6

2.1.05. )

x + y = 2

x + y = 7
2

2
x y = 5

2
x = 2
;
y = 4

y = 2 x 30
x = 1
x = 7
;

.
2
=

32
y
x 6x 7 = 0
y = 16

x = 2
x = 2

;

y = 4
y = 4

2
x = 6 x = 6
x = 6
;

.
=
1
y
1
y
=

y = 1

x = 4
x + 2 y = 9 x 2 x = 12 x 2 x 12 = 0 x = 3
;
;
;

13 ;

2
x 2 y = 3 x + 2 y = 9 x + 2 y = 9
y = 3
y = 2
x 2 x 2 = 0 x = 1
x + 3 y = 4 x 2 x = 2
x = 2
; 2
;
;

.
) 2
1
2
=
1
y

x
y
3
2

y = 2
x 3 y = 2 y = ( x + 2)
3

2.1.06. )

1
1
2 5
2 5
x + x
x + x+
32
32
24
24

2.1.01. )
;
=
27
64
1 2 5
1 1 2 5
1 1 2 5
1 1 2 5
1
= x + x+ ;
x + x = x + x + ; x + x
3
32
32 4
24
24 3
96
96 4
96
96
1
1
32x2+5x1=24x2+5x+1; 8x2=2; x2= ; x= ;
4
2
3

1
2 1
x x
32
96

)
=
8

1
2 3
x x+
1
1
1 1
3
1
64
64

; x2 x = x2 x + ;
2
32
96 3
64
64
27
1
1
96x23x1=64x23x+1; 32x2=2; x2= ; x= .
16
4
25 x 2 + 2 x y = x 4 1 y = 2 x + 1
y = 2 x + 1
2.1.02. )
; 4
; 2 2
;
2
x 1 = 25 x 1 x ( x 25) = 0
2 x y = 1

62

x = 0
x = 5
x = 5


;

y
y
=
1
=
11
y = 9

2
4
16 x + 4 x y = x 2 y = 4 x + 2
y = 4 x + 2
; 2
; 2 2
;
4
4 x y = 2
16 x 2 = 2 x ( x 16) = 0
x = 0
x = 4
x = 4


.

y = 14
y = 2
y = 18

2
3
x + 3 y = 49

2.1.03. )

2
x = 25

3
y = 8

x 3 y = 1

x 2 3 y 3 = 6

x + 3 y = 12

x 2 = 9

x = 5
x = 5

;
y = 2
y = 2

x = 3 x = 3

.
y =1 y =1

y = 1

2.1.04. ) (h(x)+1)(h(x)+2)=0; h(x)=1 h(x)=2;


5x24x1=1 5x24x1=2; 5x24x=0 5x24x+1=0;

x(5x4)=0 5x24x+1=0; x=0 x=

4
( D < 0);
5

) (h(x)2)(h(x)1)=0; h(x)=2 h(x)=1;


5x23x+2=2 5x23x+2=1; 5x23x=0 5x23x+1=0;
x(5x3)=0 ( <0);

3
5

x=0 x= .

2.1.05. ) 2(x)=16p(x); p(x)(p(x)16)=0; p(x)=0 p(x)=16;

5x4=0 5x4=16; x=

4
x=4;
5

) 2(x)=17p(x); p(x)(p(x)+17)=0; p(x)=0 p(x)=17;


6x5=0 6x5=17; x=

5
x=2.
6

y = 0
y = 4

;
2
4
3

4 x + y = 0 64 y + y = 0 y (64 y + 1) = 0 x = 0
x = 1

4
1

y = 6
x + 6 y 2 = 0 x = 6 y 2
x = 6 y 2
y = 0
; 3 4
; 3 3
;

.
) 2
6 x + y = 0 6 y + y = 0 y (6 y + 1) = 0 x = 0
x = 1

x + 4 y 2 = 0

2.1.06. )

x = 4 y 2

x = 4 y 2

6 x + 12 = 5 x
6 x + 12 = 5 x

;
x 0, x 2
2 x 0

2.1.07. ) 6|x+2|=5|x|;
x = 12

x 0

x 2

12

12
x =
;
11 ; x=12 x=
11
2 x 0

9 x + 18 = 8 x
9 x + 18 = 8 x

;
x

2 x 0

) 9|x+2|=8|x|;

63

x = 18

x 0

x 2

18

18
x =
.
17 ; x=18 x=
17
2 x 0

xy 2 = 36
xy 2 = 36
2.1.08. ) 2
; x 48 ;
x y = 48 =
y 36
xy 2 = 75
2
xy = 75
;
45 ;
x
2
x y = 45 =
75
y

xy 2 = 36

12
y
x =
9

12

y x = 4
x =
;
;
9

y 3 = 27 y = 3

y 3 = 125
x = 3

3 ;
x
=

y
y = 5

2.1.09. ) (x211x+9)2=(2x+9)2; x211x+9=2x+9 x211x+9=2x9;


x213x=0 x29x+18=0; x=0 x=13 x=3 x=6;
) (x212x+10)4=(3x+10)4; x212x+10=3x+10 x212x+10=3x10;
x215x=0 x29x+20=0; x=0 x=15 x=4 x=5.
2.1.10. ) 144x4=(x3+35x)2; 12x2=x3+35x 12x2=x335x;
x(x212x+35)=0 x(x2+12x+35)=0; x=0 x=5 x=7 x=5 x=7;
) 169x4=(x3+40x)2; 13x2=x3+40x 13x2=x340x;
x(x213x+40)=0 x(x2+13x+40)=0; x=0 x=5 x=8.
2.1.11. )

x 25
x

x 25 = 6 x
25 x = 6 x
= 6 ; |x25|=6x;

;
x

25

x 25 0

25

x = 5
x =
; =5;
7

x 25
x 25

4x 7

x =

4 x 7 = 5 x
4 x 7 = 5 x
= 5 ; |4x7|=5x;

;
4 x 7 0
4 x 7 0

7
x = 7
9
7 ; =7.

x 4
7
4

2.1.12. ) (4x2+3x10)2=9x4; 4x2+3x10=3x2 4x2+3x10=3x2;

x2+3x10=0 7x2+3x10=0; x=5 x=2 x=1 x=


) (3x24x11)2=4x4; 3x24x12=2x2 3x24x12=2x2;

10
;
7
6
5

x24x12=0 5x24x12=0; x=2 x=6 x=2 x= .


.
2.1.01. )

( x 2 + 18 x + 45)2 (5 x 2 + 7 x 24) 2 ( x 2 + 20 x + 51) 2


+
=
;
5
5
5

(x+3)2(x+15)2+(x+3)2(5x8)2=(x+3)2(x+17)2;
(x+3)2(26x250x+289x234x289)=0; (x + 3)2(25x2 84x) = 0
x=3 x=0 x =
64

84
;
25

( x 2 + 25 x + 24) 2 (3x 2 7 x 10)2 ( x 2 + 27 x + 26) 2


+
=
;
3
3
3

(x+1)2(x+24)2+(x+1)2(3x10)2=(x+1)2(x+26)2;
(x+1)2(10x212x+676x252x676)=0
(x+1)2(9x264x)=0; x=1 x=0 x=

64
1
=7 .
9
9

2.1.02.
) (x2+5x+1)2+2x2+10x=1; (x2+5x)2+4(x2+5x)+1=1; (x2+5x)(x2+5x+4)=0;
x(x+5)(x+1)(x+4)=0; x=5 x=4 x=1 x=0;
) (x2+6x+1)2+3x2+18x=1; (x2+6x)2+5(x2+6x)+1=1; (x2+6x)(x2+6x+5)=0;
x(x+6)(x+1)(x+5)=0; x=6 x=5 x=1 x=0.

8 + y2
2
2
4
16 x + 3x y = x + 8 x =
2.1.03. )
;
;
3
2
3x y = 8
2
4
16 x + 8 = x + 8

8 + y2
x =
;
3

x 4 16 x 2 = 0

2
x = 4
x = 4
y = 3x 8
;

;
2 2
y
=
2
x
(
x
16)
0

=
y = 2

25 x 2 + 5 x y 2 = x 4 + 16 y 2 = 5 x 16
; 2
;
2
4
25 x + 16 = x + 16
5 x y = 16

2
2
x ( x 25) = 0
;
2
y = 5 x 16

x = 5
x = 5

.

y = 3
y = 3
x3
=1
( x 3) 4 ( y 5)5 = 1
x = y 2
x = 4
;
;
;
;
y 5
9
5
4
( y 5) = 1 y = 6
( x 3) ( y 5) = 1
4
5

=
(
x
3)
(
y
5)
1

y 1
4
5
=1
x = y + 4
x = 6
( x 5) ( y 1) = 1
)
; x5
;
;
.
9
5
4
( x 5) ( y 1) = 1 ( x 5) 4 ( y 1)5 = 1 ( y 1) = 1 y = 2

2.1.04. )

2
3
x + y = 5

2.1.05. )

2
2 x + 5 x = 2

2
2 x + 5 x + 2 = 0

3
3
2
3
2
5 x 2 y = 12 y = 5 x
y = 5 x
1

x = 2
x = 2

;

y =1
y = 3 19

4
2
3
2
2
x y = 2
3x + 11x = 8 3x + 11x + 8 = 0
;
;
;
)

3
3
2
3
2
11x + 3 y = 14 y = x 2
y = x 2
8

x = 3
x = 1

.

y = 1
y = 3 46

65

2
(3x y 11)( x 2) = 0

2.1.06. )

2
2
x + 2 y = 6

2
x 2 = 0
y = 3x 11
2
;
2
2
2
x + 2 y = 6
x + 2 y = 6

y = 3x 2 11
x = 2
x = 2
4
; ,
2
2
y = 1
y =1
18 x 131x + 236 = 0
x = 2
x = 2

.
y = 1
y =1

2
(2 x + y 3)( x 1) = 0

2
2
x 2 y = 1

2
x 1 = 0
y = 3 2 x
2
;
2
2
2
x 2 y = 1
x 2 y = 1

y = 3 2 x 2
x = 1
x = 1
x = 1
x = 1

,


.
2
4
2
y = 1
y =1
y =1
y = 1
8 x + 25 x 17 = 0

2.1.07. ) |x2+11x+28|=|x214|; x2+11x+28=x214


x2+11x+28=14x2; 11x=42 2x2+11x+14=0;

x=

42
11 3
42
7
x=
; x=
x=2 x= ;
11
4
11
2

) |x211x+24|=|x212|; x211x+24=12x2 x211x+24=x212;

3
11 5
3
3
x=
; x=3
x=4 x= .
11
4
2
11
x y = 1
y = x + 1
; 2 2
;
2
2
2
x + xy + y = 91 x + x + x + x + 2 x + 1 = 91
x = 5

;
y = 6

11x=36 2x211x+12=0; x=3


3
3
x y = 91
;
y x = 1

2.1.08. )

y = x + 1
x = 6
;
2
3x + 3x 90 = 0 y = 5
3
3
y x = 65 y x = 5
)
; 2
;
2
x y = 5
y + xy + x = 13

y = x + 5
;
2
2
2
x + 10 x + 25 + x + 5 x + x = 13

y = x + 5
x = 1
x = 4
;

.
2
3x + 15 x + 12 = 0 y = 4
y =1

2.1.09. ) h(h(x))=76; h(5x2x)=76; 5(5x2x)2(5x2x)76=0;

(5x2x)=4 (5x2x)=
x=1 x=

19
19
; 5x2x4=0 5x2x+ =0;
5
5

4
( <0);
5

) h(h(x))=33; h(4x2x)=33; 4(4x2x)2(4x2x)33=0;


(4x2x)=3 4x2x= 11 ; 4x2x3=0 4x2x+ 11 =0;
4

x=1 x=

3
( <0).
4

2.1.10. ) p(p(x2))=p(3x22)=3(3x22)2=14x; 9x2+14x8=0; x=2 x= 4 ;


9

3
) p(p(x )=p(2x 3)=2(2x 3)3=9x; 4x +9x9=0; x=3 x= .
4
2

66

2
2
5 x 24 = x + 2 x + 6
24 5 x = x + 2 x + 6

;
5 x 24 0
5 x 24 0
x 2 3x + 30 = 0
x 2 + 7 x 18 = 0

24
24
x
x
5
5

x = 9 x = 2
<0,
; x=9 x=2;
24
x 5
2
2
3x 19 = x x + 4
19 3x = x x + 4
) |3x19|=x2x+4;

;
3x 19 0
3x 19 0
x 2 + 2 x 15 = 0
x 2 4 x + 23 = 0

19
19
x
x
3
3

x = 5 x = 3
; x=5 x=3.
<0, 19
x 3

2.1.11. ) |5x24|=x2+2x+6;

2.1.12. ) 4|5x+8|25x2=80x+64;

2
20 x + 32 25 x 2 = 80 x + 64
20 x 32 25 x = 80 x + 64

;

5 x + 8 0
5 x 8 0
4
8

25 x 2 + 100 x + 96 = 0
x = 5 x = 5

;

8
x
x 8
5

8
4
12
8

x = 5 x = 5
x = 5 x = 5
12
8
4

; x=
x= x= ;

8
8
5
5
5
x
x

5
5

) 2|4x+9|16x2=72x+81;

2
8 x 18 16 x 2 = 72 x + 81
8 x + 18 16 x = 72 x + 81

;

4 x + 9 0
4 x + 9 0

16 x 2 + 64 x + 63 = 0
16 x 2 + 80 x + 99 = 0

9
9

x
x

9
7
9
11

x = 4 x = 4
x = 4 , x = 4
11
9
7

; x=
x= x= .

9
9
4
4
4
x
x

4
4

D.
2.1.D01. ) (8x25)17+(2x+5)34=0; ((2x+5)2)17=(258x)17;
(2x+5)2=258x; 4x2+28x=0; x=0 x=7;
) (12x49)25+(2x+7)50=0; ((2x+7)2)25=(4912x)25;

67

4x2+28x+49=4912x; x(4x+40)=0; x=0 x=10.


2.1.D02. ) |x2+5x14|=5xx2+14; |x2+5x14|=(x2+5x14); x2+5x140;
(x+7)(x2)0; 7x2; ) |x22x15|=2xx2+15; |x22x15|=(x22x15);
x22x150; (x5)(x+3) 0; 3x5.
2.1.D03. ) |x28x|=x28x+24;
2
2
x 2 8 x = x 2 8 x + 24
x + 8 x = x 8 x + 24
; 2
;
2
x 8 x 0
x 8 x 0
x 2 8 x + 12 = 0 x = 2 x = 6
0 = 24
; 2
;
; x=2 x=6;
2
x 8 x 0
x( x 8) 0
x 8 x 0
2
2
x + 10 x = x + 10 x + 18

) |x2+10x|=x2+10x+18;

2
2
x 10 x = x + 10 x + 18

2
x + 10 x 0

x + 10 x 0

x 2 + 10 x + 9 = 0 x = 1 x = 9
0 = 18
; 2
;
; x=9 x=1.
2
x + 10 x 0
x( x + 10) 0
x + 10 x 0

2.1.D04. ) |x2+3x28|=x2+3x28; x2+3x280; (x+7)(x4) 0; x7 x4;


x (; 7] [4; +);
) |x212x+32|=x212x+32; x212x+320; (x4)(x8) 0; x4 x8.
x (; 4] [8; +).
2.1.D05. ) (x2+8x+10)24x232x=37; (x2+8x)2+16(x2+8x)+63=0;
x2+8x=9 x2+8x=7; x2+8x+9=0 x2+8x+7=0; x=4 7 x=1 x=7;
) (x26x+4)22x2+12x=32; (x26x)2+6(x26x)16=0;
x26x=8 x26x=2; x26x+8=0 x26x2=0; x=2 x=4 x=3 11 .
2
( x + y ) 7( x + y ) = 8

2.1.D06. )

x + y = 8
x 2 y = 4

x + y = 1

( x 2 y ) + 8( x 2 y ) = 16
x + y = 8
x + y = 1 x = 4
x = 2

;

;

=
x
2
y
4
x
2
y
4
y
4

y =1
( x + y ) 2 + 4( x + y ) = 5

x + y = 1
x y = 3

x + y = 5

( x y ) + 6( x y ) = 9
x + y = 1
x + y = 5 x = 1
x = 4

;

.

y = 1
x y = 3
x y = 3 y = 2

| x | 3 | y |= 2 | x | + x = 10 x = 5 x = 5
x = 5
2.1.D07. )
;
;
;

;
3 | y |= 8 x | y |= 1 y = 1
y = 1
x + 3 | y |= 8
| x | +2 | y |= 9 | x | + x = 6
x = 3
x = 3
x = 3
;
;
;

.
x 2 | y |= 3 2 | y |= x + 3 | y |= 3 y = 3
y = 3

xy x y = 1
;
2
2
x + y = 10

2.1.D08. )

y =1
;
x = 3


68

( x 1)( y 1) = 0 x = 1
x = 1
y =1
;


2
2
x + y = 10
y = 3
y = 3
x = 3

2
x + y xy = 7 x + y xy = 7
( x + y ) 2( x + y ) = 1
;
;
;
2
2
2
x + y = 13
( x + y ) 2 xy = 13 x + y xy = 7
x + y = 1 x + y = 1 x = 2
x = 3
;
;

.

1 xy = 7 xy = 6 y = 3
y = 2

2.1.D09.
) (x2+4x+3)2+(x22x15)2=36(x+3)2; (x+3)2 (x+1)2+(x+3)2 (x5)2=36(x+3)2;
(x+3)2 ((x+1)2+(x5)236)=0; (x+3)2 (2x28x10)=0; x=3 x=5 x = 1;
) (x2+x20)2+(x2+8x+15)2=25(x+5)2; (x+5)2(x4)2+(x+5)2(x+3)2=25(x+5)2;
(x+5)2(2x22x)=0; x=5 x=0 x=1.
2.1.10. ) (x2+3x4)2+(x2+2x3)2=(x2+x2)2+(x21)2;
(x+4)2(x1)2+(x+3)2(x1)2=(x+2)2 (x1)2+(x+1)2(x1)2;

(x1)2((x+4)2+(x+3)2(x+2)2(x+1)2)=0; (x1)2(8x+20)=0, x=1 x=2


) (x2+4x+3)2+(x2+3x+2)2=(x21)2+(x2x2)2;
(x+3)2(x+1) 2+(x+2)2(x+1)2=(x1)2(x+1)2(x2)2(x+1)2;
(x+1)2((x+3)2+(x+2)2(x1)2(x2)2)=0; (x+1)2(16x+8)=0, x=1 x=
2.1.11. ) h(h(x)+1)=h(3x2+4x)=3(3x2+4x)2+4(3x2+4x)1=63;
3(3x2+4x)2+4(3x2+4x)64=0; 3x2+4x=4 3x2+4x=
3x2+4x+

1
;
2

1
.
2

16
; 3x2+4x4=0
3

16
2
=0; <0; x=2 x= ;
3
3

) h(h(x)+1)=h(3x2+8x)=3(3x2+8x)2+8(3x2+8x)1=50;

3(3x2+8x)2+8(3x2+8x)51=0; 3x2+8x=3 3x2+8x=

17
; 3x2+8x3=0
3

17
1
=0; <0; x=3 x= .
3
3
2
2
2
2
x + y 4 x + 6 y = 13
( x 2) + ( y + 3) = 0
2.1.D12. )
;
;
2
2
2
2
( x 2) 2( y + 3) = 2 x + y 1 ( x 2) 2( y + 3) = 2 x + y 1

3x2+8x+

x=2 y=3.
x = 2
;
y = 3

020=431; 0=0 .
2
2
x + y + 2 x + 4 y = 5

( x + 1) + ( y + 2) = x + 3 y + 7

2
2
( x + 1) + ( y + 2) = 0 x = 1
;
.
x + 3 y + 7 = 0
y = 2

2.
.
2

2.2.01. )

3
4
1
1
= 1 ; 3 + 4 + 1 = 0 ;
x
x2
x
x

1
1
1
= 1 = ; x=1 x=3;
3
x
x

69

2
2
7
= 5 + ; 5x2+7x2=0; 5x27x+20; x=1 x= .
x
5
x2
5
5
2.2.02. ) x2=(5+3x)2; x=5+3x x=53x; x= x= ;
2
4
1
1
2
2
) x =(27x) ; x=27x x=7x2; x= x= .
4
3

2.2.03.
1
1
x= ;
2
8
1
1
1
2
2
) 9x +x2=18; 18x 9x1=0; 18x +9x+1=0; x= x= .
6
3

) 10x1+x2=16; 16x2+10x1=0; 16x210x+1=0; x=

2.2.04. ) 16(x6)1+9(x6)2=0, (x6)26(x6)+9=0; x6=3; x=9;


) 14(x+7)1+4(x+7)2=0, (x+7)24(x+7)+4=0; x+7=2; x= 5.
1

1
( x + 7 y ) = 2

2.2.05. ) (5 x y )1 = 1 ;
3x 19 y = 4

x = 4
x + 7 y = 2
5 x y = 1

; 36 x = 9
; y =
.
5 x y = 1
4
3 x 19 y = 4 3 x 19 y = 4

3 19
= 4
4 4

x = 4
.
,
y = 1

4
1

1
1

y=
1
( x + 11y ) = 3 x + 11y = 3

x + 11y = 3

x = 4

1
) (3x + y ) = 1 ; 3x + y = 1 ; 3x + y = 1 ; x = 3 11y ;
.
3x = 1 y
y = 1
3x + 17 y = 5 16 y = 4
3x + 17 y = 5

x +8
2.2.06. ) f(x)=4(x+8)1, g ( x) =
; g(x)=f(x) ..
x + 11
x +8
, 4x+44=x2+16x+64,
4( x + 8) 1 =
x + 11

x2+12x+20=0, x1=2, x2=10 .. x=10;


) f(x)=9(x+11)1, g ( x) =
9( x + 11)1 =

x + 11
; f(x)=g(x)
x+9

x + 11
, 9x+99=x2+22x+121
x+9

x2+13x+22=0, x1=2, x2=11, .. x=2.


.
x 2 = y 2
x = y
1
y = 2

( x 2)( y + 2) = 1
; y 2
; y 2 ;
;
2.2.01. ) 2
2
x = 2
3x + 2 y = 20
2
2
2
4
3
x
+
2
y
=
20
y
=

70

x 1 = y 1
x = y
1
y = 1

( x 1)( y 1) = 1
:
;
.

1
0

y 1 ;
2
2
x = 1
2 x + 3 y = 5
2
2
2
5
5
2
x
3
y
5
y
+
=
=

3 2
7

x = 1
x + y = 7
x = 7

2.2.02. )
;
;
1;
7
4
5
+ = 14 = 14 y = 2
x y
y

3 2
1
1

x y = 11 = 3
x =
x

)
;
;
3 .
4 3 = 15 1 = 1 y = 1

x y
y
60
2.2.03. ) x2x=32 2
; (x2x)232(x2x)+60=0; (x2x)=2 (x2x)=30;
( x x)

x2x2=0 x2x30=0; x=1 x=2 x=5 x=6;


x = 6;
) x2x=14

24
; (x2x)214(x2x)+24=0; x2x=2 x2x=12;
x2 x

x2x2=0 x2x12=0; x=1 x=2 x=3 x=4,


x = 4.
2.2.04. )

8
= x ; x|2+x|=8;
| 2+ x |

2
2
2
x 2 x 8 = 0
x + 2 x 8 = 0 x + 2 x + 8 = 0

;

2 + x > 0
2 + x < 0
2 + x > 0
( x 2)( x + 4) = 0
x = 2 x = 4
; <0;
;

x
2
+
<
0

x < 2

x=4;
)

9
= x ; x|x+8|=9;
|8+ x |
x = 9
x < 8

2.2.05.

x =1

x 2 + 8 x + 9 = 0
x 2 + 8 x 9 = 0 x = 4 7

;

x + 8 > 0
x + 8 < 0
x > 8

; x=4 7 x= 9, x = 9.

1
2
=
;
| x 1 | 5 x

2 | x 1 |= 5 x
;

x 1 0, 5 x 0

2 x 2 = 5 x

x 1 > 0

x = 3
7
2 2 x = 5 x x = 7
;
; x= x=3;

<
1
x
3
x 1 < 0

x > 1

3 + x = 2 | x 2 |
1
2
=
;
;
| x 2 | 3 + x | x 2 | 0

3 + x = 2 x 4
3 + x = 4 2 x

;

x 2 > 0
x 2 < 0

71

x = 7
1
x =

3 ; x= x=7.

3
x > 2
x < 2

( x 4 y )( x + 1) 1 = 2

2.2.06. ) 1
;
x 4y = 4

( x 3 y )( x + 1) 1 = 2

;
) 1
x 3y = 5

1
1

7
1

( x + 1) x 4 y = 2 x + 1 =
x = 8
8
;
;
;

x 4 y = 1
x 4 y = 1 y = 9

32
4
4

x 3 y = 5
;

x +1 = 1

10

11

y = 30
.

x = 9

10

x 2 3 x 10 = 0
( x 2 3x 10)(3x y )1 = 0
2.2.07. )
; 3 x y 0
;
3x 2 y = 6
3 x 2 y = 6

x = 5

9;

y = 2

x = 3
x 2 + 5 x + 6 = 0 x = 2
( x 2 + 5 x + 6)(2 x y ) 1 = 0

; 2 x y 0
; y 2 x y 2 x ;
)
2 x 3 y = 8
2 x 3 y = 8

14
y = 4

y =

3
x
=

14 .

y = 3

2.2.08. )

4 | x + 2 |= 3 x 4 x + 8 = 3 x
1
4
=
;
;

| x + 2 | 3 x | x + 2 | 0
x + 2 > 0

11

4 x 8 = 3 x x = 1
11
x =
;

3 ; x=1 x= ;

x
x
+
2
<
0
>

2
3

x < 2
11

f(1) = 1, f = , ,
3 5
11 3
; .
3 5

(1; 1)
)

5 x = 4 | x 2 | 5 x = 4 x 8
5 x = 4 x + 8
1
4
=
;
;

;
| x 2 | 5 x | x 2 | 0
x 2 > 0
x 2 < 0

13

x = 1
13
x =
13
13 5
; x=
x=1; f =g = , f(1)=g(1)=1, ,
5

x
2
<
5
5

5 3

x > 2

13 5

; (1; 1).
5 3
72

2.2.09. )

5 x 1 4 7 3x 65 x 1 57 + 4 x = 14 x 1 + 1 3x
;
;
=
2 x 1 + 1 13 x 13 x 0

2
51
7 x 58 x + 51 = 0
; x = 1 x = ;

7
x 13

39 x 1 25 + 4 x = 21x 1 2 3 x
;

3 x 0
9

7 x 2 23 x + 18 = 0 x = 2 x =
9
;
7 ; x= x=2.

7
x 3
x 3

13x 1 4 x + 3
;
=
7 x 1 3 3 x

1 + x 7 2 x 3x 2 6 x 9 = 2 x 2 + 17 x 35 5 x 2 23 x + 26 = 0
;
;
;
=
x 5 3 x 9 x 5 0
x 5
13
x=
13
, (0;1);
5 ; x=2 x=
5

2.2.10. )

x = 2

x 5

2
2
2
13 2 x 6 + x
22
4 x + 18 x + 52 = x x + 30 3x 19 x 22 = 0
;
;
; x=
=
5 x
4 + 2 x 5 x 0, 4 + 2 x 0
3
x 5, x 2

x = 1, (4;5).
2.2.11. )

x 2 + 3x
x+8
;
= 2
x +8
x + 3x

2
x + 3 x = x 8
;

2
x + 8 0, x + 3 x 0

( x + 8)2 = ( x 2 +3 x)2
;

2
x + 8 0, x + 3 x 0

x 2 + 3 x = x + 8

2
x + 8 0, x + 3 x 0

2
2
x + 2 x 8 = 0
x + 4 x + 8 = 0

;

x 8, x 0, x 3
x 8, x 0, x 3

<0, x=4 x=2;


( x 2 3x) 2 = ( x + 5)2 x 2 3 x = x + 5

x 2 3x
x+5
; x + 5 0
; x + 5 0

)
= 2
x+5
x 3x 2
2
x 3x 0
x 3x 0
x 2 3x = x 5 x 2 4 x 5 = 0
x2 + 4x + 8 = 0

; x 5
x 8
;

x + 5 0

2
2
2
x 3x 0
x 3x 0
x 3x 0

<0, x=5 x=1, , x, 5; 1; 0; 3; 5.


6 x = 3 x + 5 x 2
2x
3x 1 ;
;

=
x+2
3x
x 0, x 2

3x2 5x + 2 = 0
2
; x=1 x= ;

3
x 0, x 2
2
2
2
2 x + 5 4 x + 1 8 x + 20 x = 4 x + 21x + 5 4 x x 5 = 0
5
;
;
; x=1 x= ,
)
=
x+5
4x
4
x
x

0,
5
x

0,
5

3
5
5 6
f(1) = g(1) = ; f = g = .
4
4
4 5

2.2.12. )

73

.
1 1
2 yx xy = 9

2.2.01. )
;
yx1 + 1 = 18

xy

1 1
yx + xy = 8

;
)
6 yx 1 1 = 20

xy

y
x = 9
;
1
=9
xy

y
x = 4
;
1
=4
xy

y = 9x

;
1
2 =9
9x

y = 4x

;
1
2 =4
4x

2 1
x =
81 ;

y = 9x

2 1
x =
16 ;

y = 4x

1
1

x =
x =

9
9;

y = 1
y =1

1
1

x =
x =

4
4.

y = 1
y = 1

2.2.02.

x + 2 y +

1
=2
2y + x
;
y( x + 2 y) = 3

x + 3y +

1
=2
3y + x
;
y (3 y + x) = 1

2
x = 5
( x + 2 y ) 2( x + 2 y ) + 1 = 0 x + 2 y = 1
;
;
;

+
=
y
x
y
(
2
)
3
y ( x + 2 y ) = 3
y = 3

2
x = 4
( x + 3 y ) 2( x + 3 y ) + 1 = 0 x + 3 y = 1
;
;
.

+
=

y
x
y
(
3
)
1
y ( x + 3 y ) = 1

y = 1

2
x 2 + 2 x = 6 | x | x 2 + 2 x = 6 x
1
6
x + 2 x = 6 x
= 2
;
;

;
| x | x + 2 x x 0, x 2
x > 0
x < 0, x 2
x = 4
x = 8

; x=4 x=8;

x > 0
x < 0

2.2.03. )

2
2
2
1
5
x 3x = 5 x
x 3x = 5 | x | x 3x = 5 x
= 2
;
;

;
| x | x 3x x 0, x 3
x < 0
x > 0, x 3
x = 8
x = 2

; x=8 x=2.

x
0
>

x < 0

2.2.04.
5
4
4
1
+ 21 = 2 ; 21|x|2+5|x|4=0; |x|= 1 |x|= ; x= ;
|x|
7
3
x
3
3
2
1
2
1
+ 20 = 2 ; 20|x|2+3|x|2=0; |x|= |x|= ; x= .
)
|x|
4
5
4
x

2.2.05.

1
1
=
; |x2+3x45|=|4x23x|0;
| x 2 + 3 x 45 | | 4 x 2 3 x |

2
2
2
2
x + 3x 45 = 4 x 3 x
x + 3x 45 = 3 x 4 x

;
2
2
4 x 3x 0
3x 4 x 0
2
3x 2 6 x + 45 = 0
5 x 45 = 0

;

x(3 x 4) 0
x(4 x 3) 0

, .. D < 0, , x=3 x=3;


74

1
1
; |x24x64|=|3x2+4x|0;
=
| x 2 4 x 64 | | 3x 2 + 4 x |
2
2
x 2 4 x 64 = 3x 2 + 4 x
x 4 x 64 = 3x 4 x ;
2
2
3x + 4 x 0
3x + 4 x 0
2 x 2 + 8 x + 64 = 0
4 x 2 64 = 0

;

x(3x + 4) 0
x(3x + 4) 0

2
<0, x = 16

; x=4.

x(3x + 4) 0
1
26

26

2
x + 2 y + 2 y + x = 5 ( x + 2 y ) ( x + 2 y ) + 1 = 0
5

2.2.06. )
;
;
3x 1 = 29
3x 1 = 29

2y + x 5
2y + x 5
5( x + 2 y ) 2 26( x + 2 y ) + 5 = 0

;
29
1

3 x = 5 + 2 y + x

x + 2y =
x + 2 y = 5

5

;

x
3
6
54
=

3 x =

18

x = 2
x = 5

;
3

y = 17
y = 2

10
1
17

2
x + 3 y + 3 y + x = 4 4( x + 3 y ) 17(3 y + x) + 4 = 0

)
;
;
63
1
4 x 1 = 63
4 x = 4 + 3 y + x

3y + x 4
79
1

x + 3y =
x = 16
x + 3y = 4
x = 4

4

;

.

y = 0
4 x = 16
y = 25
4 x = 79

16
4
x 2 y 2 = 3( x + y )
( x + y )( x y 3) = 0

2.2.07. ) 1
;
;
1
=
4 x 3 y = 7
4x 3y 7

x + y = 0
x y = 3
x = 1
x = 2

;

;

y = 5
4 x 3 y = 7
4 x 3 y = 7 y = 1
x 2 y 2 = 4( x + y )

) 1
;
1
5x 4 y = 9

( x + y )( x y 4) = 0
;

5 x 4 y = 9

x + y = 0
x y = 4
x = 1
x = 2

;

.

y
=
x

y
=
y
5
4
9
5
4
9
1

y = 5

75

2 xy + x = 3

;
2

x + 12 x + 11 = 0

y
y

2 xy + x = 3
2.2.08. )
;
11 y + x = 12
x y

x
= 1

y
2 xy = 2

x
2 x 2 = 32
y = 11
2 y 2 = 2
y = 1
y = 1

;


;

x ;
x
=

1
x =1
y =
2 xy = 32 x = y

11

11
x = 4
x = 4

4
4 ;

y = 11
y = 11

3xy + x = 4
;
)
7 y + x = 8
x y

3xy + x = 4

;
2

x + 8 x + 7 = 0

y
y

x
x
y = 7
x = y
= 1

; 2
y
27
3 y = 3
3xy = 3
3xy =

x = 3
x = 3
x = 7 y x = 1
x = 1

3
3 .

2
3x = 27 y = 1
y =1
y = 7
y = 7

2.2.09. ) f(g(x))+g(f(x))=

g ( x) 3
x 1 3 x 1 1 + 3 x
( f ( x)) 1 =

g ( x) 1
x 1 1 x 3 1 + x

x 1 (1 + 3x)( x 3) ( x 2 1) 2 x 2 8 x 2 2( x 2 4 x 1)
=
=
=
=0.
( x + 1)( x 3)
(1 + x)( x 3) (1 + x)( x 3)
x3

x24x1=0, x= 2 5 , x=2 5 ;
) f(g(x))+g(f(x))=

g ( x) + 1
x 1 + 1 x + 5 x 1
( f ( x))1 = 1

g ( x) + 5
x + 5 x + 1 5x 1

x + 5 ( x 2 1) ( x + 5)(5 x 1) 4( x 2 + 6 x 1)
=
=
= 0.
(5 x 1)( x + 1)
(5 x 1)( x + 1)
x +1

x2+6x1=0, x = 3 10 , x = 3 10 .
1

= x 2 ; x0 x3;
2.2.10. )
+
3
x x+3
x+3 x
1

x + 3 x
3x 3x 9

x( x + 3)
x( x + 3)

2 2 x( x + 3) x( x + 3) 2 2 2 2 2
2
x ;

= x ; x + x = x2 ;
3
9
3
9
3
3
3

2
3
4
x x = 0 , x= ( 0);
2
3
9
1

= x 2 ; x0 x1;
)
+
8
x x 1
x 1 x

76

x 1 x
4x 4x + 4

x( x 1)
x( x 1)

3 2
x( x 1) 3 2
3
3
3
x ; x(x1)+
= x ; x2 + x = x2 ;
4
8
4
4
8
8

3
2
9
x x = 0 , x= ( 0);
4
3
8
2 x =| x + 2 |
2x + 3 2x + 3
; (2x+3)(2x|x+2|)=0; 2x+3=0
;
=
| x+2|
2x
x 0

2.2.11. )

2 x = x + 2
2 x = x 2
3
3


; x= x=2;
x
x
2
0
2
0
+
>
+
<
2
2

3x 1 3 x 1
=
; (3x1)(3x|x+4|)=0;
)
| x+4|
3x

x=

3x =| x + 4 |
3 x = x + 4
3 x = x 4
1
; x=

3
x + 4 0, x 0
x + 4 > 0
x + 4 < 0

3x1=0
; x=

1
5
1
1
x=2. : g = 0 = f ; g(2) = f(2) = .
3
6
3
3
x2 2 x

x + 18

x2 2x

x + 18

2.2.12. )
= x 2 2 x ; x + 18 = x 2 2 x ;
x + 18
2
2
2
2
2
( x 2 x) = ( x + 18) x 2 x = x + 18
x 2 x = x 18
;

;

x + 18 0
x + 18 0
x + 18 0

x 2 3 x 18 = 0

x 18

x 2 x + 18 = 0
, <0,

x 18

( x 6)( x + 3) = 0
; x=6 x=3;

x 18
x2 + 4x

x + 10

x2 + 4 x
x + 10
x + 10
= 2
;
= 2
;
+
10
x
x
+ 4x
+
4
x
x

2
( x 2 + 4 x) 2 = ( x + 10) 2 x 2 + 4 x = x + 10
x + 4 x = x 10
;

;

x + 10 0
x 10
x 10

x 2 + 3x 10 = 0

x 10

x 2 x + 18 = 0
, <0,

x 18

( x + 5)( x 2) = 0
; x=2 x=5.

x 10

D.
2.2.D01.

1
x + y2 = 3
3 ;
;
2
4
x 2 2 y 4 = 2 x 2 y = 2

) y 2 + x

x = 3 y 2
;

2 2
4
(3 y ) 2 y = 2

77

x = 3 y 2
y 2 = 1 x = 2
x = 2
;
;

;
4
2
y = 1
y + 6 y 7 = 0 x = 2 y = 1

1
y2 x = 2
2 ;
;
4
2
2 y 4 x 2 = 1 2 y x = 1

) y 2 x

x = 3 y 2
x = 1
; 2
;
4
2
y + 6 y 7 = 0 y = 1
1
2.2.D02. ) 2
+6 =
| x 2x |

x = y 2 2
;
4
2
2
2 y ( y 2) = 1

x = 1
x = 1

.

y = 1
y =1
5
; 6|x22x|2|x22x|5=0;
( x 2 x)2
2

|x22x|=1 ( |x22x|>0); x22x=1 x22x=1;


x22x1=0 x22x+1=0; x=1 2 x=1;
)

1
4
+3 = 2
; 3|x2+2x|2+|x2+2x|4=0;
| x2 + 2 x |
( x + 2 x) 2

|x2+2x|=1 ( |x2+2x|>0); x2+2x=1 x2+2x=1;


x2+2x1=0 x2+2x+1=0; x=1 2 x=1.
2.2.D03. ) (3|x|)1(x2+3|x|7)=3|x|(x2+3|x|7)1;
(3 | x |) 2 = ( x 2 + 3 | x | 7)2 x 2 + 3 | x | 7 = 3 | x |
;

x 0
x 0
x 2 + 3 | x | 7 = 3 | x |
;

x 0

x 2 = 7
| x |= 1 | x |= 7

;

x 0
x 0

x= 7 x= 1;
) (2|x|)1(x2+2|x|21)=2|x|(x2+2|x|21)1;
2
2
2
2
(2 | x |) = ( x + 2 | x | 21) x + 2 | x | 21 = 2 | x |
;

x 0
x 0
2
2
| x |= 7
x + 2 | x | 21 = 2 | x | x = 21
;

x
x
0
0

x 0

| x |= 3

x= 21 x= 3.
( x y ) 2 + 4( x + y )2 = 5

2.2.D04. )
;
1
1
x 2 2 xy + 9 y 2 = 9

( x y ) 2 = 1

2
;
( x + y ) = 1
2
2
x 2 xy + 9 y = 9

( x y ) 2 = 1

y =1
y = 1
2

( x + y ) = 1 ;
x
0
=

x = 0
2
y = 1
y =1
;
x = 0

x+6y
78

( x y ) 2 = 1

2
;
( x + y ) = 1

2
2
( x y ) + 8 y = 9

( x + y ) 2 + 3( x + y ) 2 = 4

)
;
1
1
x 2 + 2 xy + 7 y 2 = 7

( x + y ) 2 = 1
( x + y ) 2 = 1

2
; ( x y ) 2 = 1 ;
( x y ) = 1

2
2
2
( x + y ) + 6 y = 7 y = 1

y =1
y = 1
x = 0

, x8y
.

y = 1
x = 0
x = 0
x 1

x2 1

x +1

15
2.2.D05. )
+ 14 2
=0;
x 25
x+5
x5
( x 1)2 ( x 5)2 + 14( x 2 1)( x 2 25) 15( x + 1) 2 ( x + 5) 2
=0;
( x + 5) 2 ( x 5) 2

(x26x+5)2+14(x426x2+25)15(x2+6x+5)2=0;
x4+36x2+2512x360x+10x2+14x4364x2+35015x4540x2375180x3
900x150x2=192x31008x2960x=0;
48x(4x2+21x+20)=0; x=0 x=4 x=
x 3

x2 9

x +3

5
;
4

)
14
+ 13 2
=0;
x 1
x +1
x 1
(x3)2(x1)2+13(x29)(x21)14(x+3)2 (x+1)2=0;
(x24x+3)2+13(x410x2+9)14(x2+4x+3)2=0;
x48x3+22x224x+9+13x4130x2+11714x4112x3308x2336x126=0;
120x3416x2360x=0; 8x(15x2+52x+45)=0; x=0 x=
2.2.D06. )

5
9
x= .
3
5

16
1
4
16
5 x 100
=

;
;
=
25 x
| x 2 20 x | 25 5 x | x 2 20 x |
2
2
400 x = 5 x ( x 20)
400 x = 5 x ( x 20)

;
x( x 20) > 0
x( x 20) < 0

400x=5(x20)|x||x20|;

2
x = 20 80
( x 20) 2 = 80
( x 20) = 80

;
; x=20+4 5 ;

x( x 20) < 0
x( x 20) > 0
x( x 20) > 0
25
2 x 20
) 2
;100x=2(x10)|x(x10)|;
=
4x
| x 10 x |
2
2
100 x = 2 x ( x 10)
100 x = 2 x ( x 10)

;

x( x 10) > 0
x( x 10) < 0

x = 10 50
( x 10)2 = 50
( x 10) 2 = 50

;
; x=10+5 2 .

x( x 10) > 0
x( x 10) < 0
x( x 10) > 0
x+5
1
7 x 10
+
=
2.2.D07. )
; x1>0, x>1, :
x( x 1) | x 1 |
2x

x + 5 + x (7 x 10)( x 1) 4 x + 10
7 x 2 17 x + 10
=
;
=
=0;
x( x 1)
2 x( x 1)
2 x( x 1)
2 x( x 1)

79

7x221x=0; 7x(x 3) = 0, .. x = 0 x = 3. x > 1, x = 3


x + 5 x 7 x 2 17 x + 10
10
7 x 2 17 x + 10
;
;
=
=
2 x( x 1)
2 x( x 1)
2 x( x 1)
x( x 1)

x<1,

17
17
.
7 x x = 0 , .. x = 0 x =
7
7

17
> 1 , , x = 3.
0 ...,
7
x+6
3
7x 9
; x2>0, x>2, :
+
=
)
3x
x( x 2) | x 2 |

x + 6 + 3x 7 x 2 23x + 18 12 x + 18 7 x 2 23x + 18
;
;
=
=
3x( x 2)
3( x 2) x
3x( x 2)
x( x 2)

7x 35x = 0, .. x = 0 x = 5. 0 ..., x = 5.
x < 2,

x + 6 3 x 7 x 2 23 x + 18 6 x + 18 7 x 2 23x + 18
;
;
=
=
3 x( x 2)
3x( x 2)
3x( x 2)
x( x 2)

7x2 17x = 0, .. x = 0 x =

17
17
. 0 ...,
> 2 , ,
7
7

x = 5.
2.2.D08. )

x2
3x
x2
x

+ 2
4 = 0 ;
1 + 3 2
1 = 0 ;
x+4
x+4 x 4
x 4

x2 x 4
x2 x 4
3 2
=0;
x+4
x 4
x2 x 4 = 0
2
;
x 4 3( x + 4)
( x + 4)( x 2 4) = 0

1 17
x =
;
2

x 2 3 x 16 = 0

1 17
x =
2

3 73
x =
2

x2
4x
x2
x

+ 2
5 = 0 ;
1+ 4 2
1 = 0 ;
x+3
x+3 x 3
x 3

4
1
2
( x 2 x 3)
=0;
+
3
x 3
x

x2 x 3 = 0
2
;
x 3 4( x + 3)
( x + 3)( x 2 3) = 0

1 13
x =
;
2

x 2 4 x 15 = 0

1 13
x =
;
2

x = 2 19

3
x+3
1
2
= 2
;
x + 8 x 20 x + 12 x + 20 x 4
3
x+3
1

=0;
( x + 10)( x 2) ( x + 2)( x + 10) ( x + 2)( x 2)

2.2.D09. )

3( x + 2) ( x + 3)( x 2) ( x + 10)
3x + 6 x 2 x + 6 x 10
=0;
=0;
( x + 10)( x + 2)( x 2)
( x + 10)( x + 2)( x 2)

80

( x 2 x 2)
( x 2)( x + 1)
= 0 ; x=1;
=0;
( x + 10)( x + 2)( x 2)
( x + 10)( x + 2)( x 2)
2
x 1
1
;

=
x 2 + 8 x 48 x 2 + 16 x + 48 x 2 16
2
x 1
1

=0;
( x + 12)( x 4) ( x + 12)( x + 4) ( x 4)( x + 4)

2( x + 4) ( x 1)( x 4) ( x + 12)
( x 2 6 x + 8)
=0;
=0;
( x + 12)( x + 4)( x 4)
( x + 12)( x + 4)( x 4)
( x 4)( x 2)
= 0 ; x=2.
( x + 12)( x + 4)( x 4)

2.2.D10. )

x 7 4 x5 + 3x 2 2 x 16
= 1 ; x74x5+3x22x16=x74x5+4x23x220;
x 7 4 x5 + 4 x 2 3x 22

x2x6=0; x=2 x=3; (2)74(2)5+4(2)23(2)22=0,


(3)74(3)5+4(3)233220, x=3;

x 7 9 x5 + 2 x 2 2 x 24
= 1 ; x79x5+2x22x24=x79x5+3x2+3x180;
x 7 9 x5 + 3x 2 + 3x 18

x2+5x+6=0; x=2 x=3; (2)79(2)5+3(2)2+3(2)180,


(3)79(3)5+3(3)2+3(3)18=0, x=2.
2.2.D11. )

2x
x2 4x + 5

=1;
x 2 3x + 5 x 2 2 x + 5

( x 2 4 x + 5)( x 2 2 x + 5) 2 x( x 2 3 x + 5) ( x 2 3x + 5)( x 2 2 x + 5)
=0;
( x 2 3x + 5)( x 2 2 x + 5)
x 4 6 x3 + 18 x 2 30 x + 25 2 x3 + 6 x 2 10 x x 4 + 5 x3 16 x 2 + 25 x 25
=0
( x 2 3x + 5)( x 2 2 x + 5)
3x3 + 8 x 2 15 x
=0;
( x 3x + 5)( x 2 2 x + 5)
2

x(3x28x+15)=0; x=0, .. D 0.
)

x2 + 2x + 5
3x

=1 ;
x2 + x + 5 x2 + 2 x + 5

( x 2 + 2 x + 5) 2 3x( x 2 + x + 5) ( x 2 + x + 5)( x 2 + 25 + 5)
=0;
( x 2 + x + 5)( x 2 + 2 x + 5)
( x 2 + 2 x + 5)( x 2 + 2 x + 5 x 2 x 5) 3x( x 2 + x + 5)
=0
( x 2 + x + 5)( x 2 + 2 x + 5)
x3 + 2 x 2 + 5 x 3x3 3x 2 15 x
=0;
( x 2 + x + 5)( x 2 + 2 x + 5)

x(2x2+x+10)=0; x=0, .. D 0.
2.2.D12. )

x 4 10 x3 + 25 x 2 81
2 x 5 + 61

= 0 ; (x25x+9)(x25x9)=0, x

5 61
2

81

5 61
5 61
5 + 61
,x
; x=
;
2
2
2
x 4 6 x3 + 9 x 2 64
3 41
)
= 0 ; (x23x+8)(x23x8)=0, x
2
2 x 3 + 41

x=

x=

3 41
3 41
3 + 41
,x
, x=
.
2
2
2

3.
.
2.3.01. )

x+7
x+7
= 1 ; x+7=3x+17; x=5;
=1;
3x + 17
3x + 17

x+2
x+2
= 1 ; x+2=5x22; x=4.
= 1 ;
5 x + 22
5 x + 22

2.3.02.

) 16 x 2 + 16 x + 29 = 5 ; 16x2+16x+29=25; 4x2+4x+1=0; x=

1
;
2

9 x 2 12 x + 85 = 9 ; 9x212x+85=81; 9x212x+4=0; (3x2)2=0; x=

2
.
3

2.3.03.

9 x 2 42 x 76 = 5 ; 9x242x76=125; 9x242x+49=0; (3x7)2=0; x=

4 x 2 36 x + 17 = 4 ; 4x236x+17=64; 4x236x+81=0; (2x9)2=0; x=

2.3.04. )

2 x 2 9 x + 8 = 2 ; 2x29x+8=8; x(2x9)=0; x=0 x=

7
;
3

9
.
2

9
;
2
9
5

) 3 5x2 + 9x + 64 = 4 ; 5x2+9x+64=64; 5x2+9x+64=0; x(5x+9)=0; x=0 x= .


2.3.05. ) 4 246 + 23x + 5 x 2 = 4 ; 246+23x+5x2=256;
5x2 + 23x 10 = 0; x = 5 x = 0,4;

) 4 102 52 x + 7 x 2 = 3 ; 10252x+7x2=81; 7x252x+21=0; x=7 x=


64 x 2 + 32 x + 85 = 3 ; 64x2+32x+85=81;
1
64x2+32x+4=0; 16x2+8x+1=0; x= ;
4

2.3.06. )

49 x 2 14 x + 257 = 4 ; 49x214x+257=256; 49x214x+1=0; x=

.
2.3.01. ) 3 7 x3 + 36 x 2 + 63x + 27 = 2 x + 3 ;
7x3+36x2+63x+27=8x3+36x2+54x+27; x39x=0; x=0 x = 3;

) 3 9 x3 36 x 2 + 53x 27 = 2 x 3 ;
9x336x2+53x27=8x336x2+54x27; x3x=0; x = 1 x = 0.
82

1
.
7

3
.
7

2.3.02. )

9 x + 1 =3x+1; 9x+1=27x3+27x2+9x+1; 27x2(x+1)=0; x=0 x = 1;

9 x 1 =3x1; 9x1=27x327x2+9x1; 27x2(x1)=0; x = 0 x=1.


1
2.3.03. ) 6 14 x + 9 x 2 =2x1; 614x+9x2=4x24x+1; 2x10; x ;
2

5x210x+5=0; 5(x1)2=0; x=1;


)

23 + 6 x + 6 x 2 =3x2; 23+6x+6x2=9x212x+4; 3x20; x

3x218x+27=0; 3(x3)2=0; x=3.


5 x + 1 = 7 x 9
5x + 1 = 7 x 9 ;
;
5 x + 1 0

2.3.04. )

4 x 7 = 3x 4
4 x 7 = 3x 4 ;
;
4 x 7 0

x = 5

1 ; x=5;

x 5

x = 3

; x=3.
7

x 4

6 x 2 3x 1 = 2 x 1 ;

2.3.05. )

6 x 2 5 x = 0
2
6 x 3x 1 = 2 x 1
;
;

1
2 x 1 0
x

2
;
3

x(6 x 5) = 0
5

; x= ;
1

7 x2 + x 2 = 7 x 2 ;

7 x 2 + x 2 = 7 x 2
;

7 x 2 0

x(7 x 6) = 0
2
6
7 x 6 x = 0
;
; x= .
2

7
7 x 2 0
x 7

(7 x 4) = 0
4
8
8+3x=0; x= x= ;
7
3
8 + 3x 0

2.3.06. ) (7x4) 8 + 3 x =0;

3x + 5 = 0
5
7
7+3x=0; x= x= .
3
3
7 + 3 x 0

) (3x+5) 7 + 3x =0;
2.3.07.

(x2+8x+15) 4 x 7 =0;

2
x + 8x + 15 = 0

4 x 7 0

4x7=0;

x = 3 = 5
7
7

x= ; x= ;
7

4
4
x

x = 1 x = 5
x 2 + 6 x + 5 = 0

9x2=0;

) (x +6x+5) 9 x 2 =0;
2
9 x 2 0
x 9

x=

2
2
; x= .
9
9
8 3x = 0
10+3x4x2=0;
2
10 + 3x 4 x 0

2.3.08. ) (83x) 10 + 3x 4 x 2 =0;

83

5
5
x =
x=2 x= ; x=2 x= ;
3

4
4
(5 + 4 x)(2 x) 0

7 x 4 = 0
27x9x2=0;
) (7x4) 2 7 x 9 x 2 =0;
2
2 7 x 9 x 0
4

2
2
x =
x= x=1; x= x=1.
7

9
9
(2 9 x)(1 + x) 0

2.3.09. )

4 x + 25 =4x5; 4x+25=16x240x+25; 4x50; x

16x244x=0; 4x(4x11)=0; x=
)

11
;
4

9 x + 16 =3x4; 9x+16=9x224x+16; 3x40; x

9x233x=0; 3x(3x11)=0; x=

5
;
4

4
;
3

11
.
3
4 x 2 x 5 = 0
2x+7=0;
2 x + 7 0

2.3.10. ) (4x2x5) 2 x + 7 =0;

x = 1

x 7

x=

5
4 x= 7 ; x=1, x= 5 x= 7 ;
2
4
2

2
4 x 7 x + 3 = 0
5x+6=0;
) (4x 7x+3) 5 x + 6 =0;
5 x + 6 0

6
5

6
5

x= ; x= , x=1 x=
2.3.11.

x = 1

x 6

3
4

3
.
4

(29x5x2) 9 5 x =0;

2
2 9 x 5 x = 0

9 5 x 0

x = 2, x = 5
9
9
x= ; x=2 x= ;

9
5
5
x

5
2

) (35x2x2) 8 9x =0; 3 5 x 2 x = 0 89x=0;


8 9 x 0
1

x = 3, x = 2
8
8
x= ; x=3 x= .

9
9
8
x

84

x=

95x=0;

x 2 13x 9 = 7 x 9 ;

2.3.12. )

x2 + 6 x = 0
2
x 13x 9 = 7 x 9
;
; x=6;

9
7 x 9 0
x
7

x 2 16 x 3 = 8 x 3
x 2 16 x 3 = 8 x 3 ;
;
8 x 3 0

.
6 x 3 +9 x 2 + 24 x + 22 =3x+4; 3x+40; x

2.3.01. )

6x3+9x2+24x+22=9x2+24x+16; 6x3=6; x=1;


5 x 3 +9 x 2 + 12 x 36 =3x+2; 3x+20; x

x2 + 8x = 0

; x=8.

3
x
8

4
;
3

2
;
3

5x3+9x2+12x36=9x2+12x+4; 5x340=0; x3=8; x=2.


2.3.02. ) (2x1) x 3 =2x1; (2x1)( x 3 1)=0;
2 x 1 = 0

x 3 0

x =
x 3 =1;
2 x3=1; x=4;
x 3

) (x2) x 1 =x2; (x2)( x 1 1)=0;


x 2 = 0

x 1 0

x = 2
x 1 1=0;
x=2; x=2.
x 1

3
3
3
2 x + 3 y = 1 x = 2 x = 8
;
;
;
3
y =1
2 x 3 3 y = 7 3 y = 1

2.3.03. )

3 3 x + 2 3 y = 3

3
3
3 x 2 y = 9

3 x = 1 x = 1
;
.
y = 3 y = 27

;
3

x = 6 y
x + y = 6 x = 6 y
;
;
;
2
x + y = 26
(6 y ) + y = 26 2 y 12 y + 10 = 0

2.3.04. )

y = 5
y = 1 x = 1
x = 25
x = 6 y
;

;

;

2
y
=
25
y =1
( y ) 6 y + 5 = 0 x = 1
x = 5
y = 3
x = 7 y
x + y = 7 x = 7 y
;
;
;
2
2
x + y = 25
(7 y ) + y = 25 ( y ) 7 y + 12 = 0 x = 4
y = 4 x = 16
x=9

;

.
y = 16
x = 3 y = 9
3 x 3 y = 3
3 x 3 y = 3

2.3.05. )
;
;
2
3
3 2
3 2
3
x + xy + y = 3 x 3 y + 3 3 xy = 3

85

3 x 3 y = 3
.

3 xy = 2

3 y = 1
3 y = 2 x = 8
x = 1

;

;
3
3
=

y
1

y = 8
x
2
x
1
=
=

3 x 3 y = 1

3 x 3 y = 1

)
3

x 2 + 3 xy + 3 y = 7

x3 y

3 x 3 y = 1

;
3

+ 3 3 xy = 7 xy = 2

3 x = 1
3 x = 2 x = 1
x = 8

,

.
3
3
=
y
8
y = 1
y = 2
y = 1
y 2
y
y
2
=1
5
+ 3 = 0
;

x
x
x

4
x
y
10
+
=

4 x + y = 10
2
400

x = 3 y x = 4
x = 121
y= x

;

;
y = 10
11 y = 10 y = 4
y = 900
3

121

x
y
+2
=5
3
x
2.3.06. ) y
;

4
x
+
y
=
10

y 3
=

;
x 2

4
x
+
y
=
10

x
y
+2
=9
4
x
) y
;

7
x
+
2
y
=
48

y 1
=

;
x 2

7
x
+
2
y
=
48

y 2
y
2
9
+ 4 = 0
;
x
x

7 x + 2 y = 48

256

x = 25
x = 36

.

4096
y = 9
y =

25

25 x 2 6 xy 5 y 2 = 5 x 2

2.3.07. )

y
=4

7
2
48
x
+
y
=

x + y = 5

y = x 5
y = x 5
;

2
2
2
25 x 6 x( x 5) 5( x + 5) = 5 x 2
26 x 20 x 125 = 5 x 2

y = x 5
y = x 5
x = 3
2
;
;

x 40 x 129 = 0 ;

2
2
26 x 20 x 125 = 25 x + 20 x + 4
y = 2
2
x

5
16 x 2 18 xy 17 y 2 = 4 x + 5 y = 4 x
;
;
)
2
2
x + y = 4
16 x 18 x(4 x) 17(4 + x) = 4 x + 5

y = 4 x
y
=

x = 9
2
;
2
x 24 x 297 = 0 ; y = 5 .
2
17 x 64 x 272 = 16 x 40 x + 25

5
x

86

5 x3 + 26 x 2 + 36 x + 25 =5+3x; 5+3x0;
5
5x3+26x2+36x+25=25+30x+9x2; x ;
3
5
2
3
2
2
5x +17x +6x=0; x(5x +17x+6)=0; x ; x=0 x= ;
3
5

2.3.08. )

2 x3 + 15 x 2 30 x + 9 =34x; 34x0; 2x3+15x230x+9=924x+16x2; x

2x3x26x=0; x(2x2x6)=0; x

3
;
4

3
3
; x=0 x= ;
4
2

7 x 4 + 24 x3 + 13x 2 + 20 x + 25 =2x+5; 2x+50


5
3
7x4+24x3+13x2+20x+25=4x2+20x+25; x ; x2(7x2+24x+9)=0, x=0 x= ;
2
7

2.3.09. )

7 x 4 + 19 x3 + 3x 2 + 12 x + 4 =3x+2; 3x+20
2
2
7x4+19x3+3x2+12x+4=9x2+12x+4; x ; x2(7x2+19x6)=0, x=0 x= .
3
7
x = 36
2 x + 9 y xy = 71 x = 36
x = 36

2.3.10. )
;
;
;
1 ;

2
2 x 9 y + xy = 73 9 y 6 y = 1 (3 y 1) = 0 y = 9

5 x + 4 y xy = 79

5 x 4 y + xy = 81

x = 16
;
4 y 4 y = 1

x = 16
;

2
(2 y 1) = 0

x = 16

1 .
y = 4

2.3.11.
4 3x 2 8 x 2 + 3 y + 3 = 7

2
4 y + 3 3 3x 8 x 2 = 1

y + 3 = 1

2
3x 8 x 3 = 0
;
3x 2 8 x 2 = 1 y + 3 = 1

x = 3
x =

3;

y = 2
y = 2

3x 2 10 x + 8 = 0 x = 2
x =
;

3.
y = 3
2 y 2 3 3x 2 10 x + 9 = 1 y 2 = 1
y = 3

2 3x 2 10 x + 9 + 3 y 2 = 5

2.3.12.
y x + 1 = 5
)
;
15 x y = 2 y 3

y = 25 + x 1

2
15 x y = (2 y 3) ;
2 y 3 0

x = y + 1 25

2
15 ( y + 1 25) y 4 y + 12 y 9 = 0 ;
2 y 3 0

x = y 24
2
4 y 10 y = 0 ;
2 y 3 0

86

x = 4
;

y = 10

87

2 y x + 3 = 1
)
;
6 x 2 y = 3 y 2

x = 2 y + 2
x = 2 y + 2

2
2
6

(2
y
+
2)

2
y
=
(3
y

2)
;
9 y 8 y = 0 ;

3 y 2 0
3 y 2 0

34

x = 9
.

y = 8

D.
2.3.D01. )

x+5 3 x4 = 3 ;

x+53 3 ( x + 5)2 ( x 4) + 3 3 ( x + 5)( x 4)3 x + 4 = 27 ;


( x + 5)( x 4)( 3 x 4 3 x + 5) = 6 ;

( x + 5)( x 4) = 2 ;

x +x20=8; x +x12=0; x=4 x=3;


)

x 3 3 x 10 = 1 ; x33 3 ( x 3) 2 ( x 10) + 3 3 ( x 10) 2 ( x 3) x + 10 = 1 ;

( x 10)( x 3)( 3 x 10 3 x 3) = 2 ;

( x 10)( x 3) = 2 ;

x 13x+30=8; x 13x+22=0; x=2 x=11.


2.3.D02. )

22 x 13 5 x + 2

x + 24 5

22 x 13 = 25 x 2 20 x + 4

;
5 x 2 0
x 1

22 x 13 = 5 x 2
=0;
;
x + 24 5

25 x 2 42 x + 17 = 0

;
x
5

x 1

16 x + 25 = 4 x + 7
;
=0;
x + 2 1
16x2 + 40x + 24 = 0
16 x + 25 = 16 x 2 + 56 x + 49

; x
;
4 x + 7 0
4
x 1

x 1

16 x + 25 4 x 7

x=

17
25

; x=

17
;
25

x + 2 1

2.3.D03. ) 5

3x 2 2 x + 5
5x2 2 x + 3
3
=2;
2
5x 2 x + 3
3x 2 2 x + 5

3x 2 2 x + 5
5x2 2 x + 3
+9 2
30 = 4
25 2
5x 2 x + 3
3x 2 x + 5
;
2
3x 2 x + 5 > 0
5 x 2 2 x + 3
3x 2 2 x + 5 2
3x 2 2 x + 5
25 2
34 2

+ 9 = 0
5x 2 x + 3
5x 2 x + 3

3x 2 2 x + 5
>0
2
5x 2 x + 3

88

x = 1

x
5

x 1

x = 1

x
4

x 1

x=

3
2

; x=

3
.
2

3x 2 2 x + 5
3x 2 2 x + 5 9
;
=1 2
=
2
5x 2 x + 3
5 x 2 x + 3 25

3x22x+5=5x22x+3 75x250x+125=45x218x+27;
2x22=0 30x232x+98=0; <0, x=1;
) 5

5 x 2 3x + 2
2 x 2 3x + 5
7
= 2 ;
2
2 x 3x + 5
5 x 2 3x + 2
2

5 x 2 3x + 2
5 x 2 3x + 2
+ 2
7 = 0
5
2
2 x 3x + 5
2 x 2 3x + 5

5 x 2 3x + 2
5 x 2 3x + 2
=1;
=1; 5x23x+2=2x23x+5; 3x2=3; x=1.
2
2 x 2 3x + 5
2 x 3x + 5

2.3.D04. ) 2
4

3x 2 x + 4
3x 2 x + 4
+4
1 = 0 ;
2
42 x + 17 x + 37
42 x 2 + 17 x + 37

3x 2 x + 4
1
3x 2 x + 4
1
;
;
=
=
2
2
16
2
42 x + 17 x + 37
42 x + 17 x + 37

48x216x+64=42x2+17x+37; 6x233x+27=0; 2x211x+9=0; x=1 x=


) 2
4

9
;
2

2 x 2 3x + 1
2 x 2 3x + 1
4
+
2 = 0 ;
3
17 x 2 + 22 x 64
17 x 2 + 22 x 64

2 x 2 3x + 1
1
2 x 2 3x + 1
1
= ;
= ;
2
17 x + 22 x 64 2 17 x 2 + 22 x 64 16
8
3

32x248x+16=17x2+22x64; 15x270x+80=0; 3x214x+16=0; x=2 x= .


2.3.D05.
x x + 12 y x = 28

(2 y + x )3 = 64

3
8 y y + 6 x y = 36 (2 y x ) = 8

x x + 27 y x = 36

( x + 3 y )3 = 64

27 y y + 9 x y = 28 ( x 3 y ) = 8
3

2 y + x = 4

2 y x = 2

x =1

3;
y=
2

x = 1

9;

y = 4

x = 9
x + 3 y = 4 x = 3
;
1 ; y = 1 .
x 3 y = 2 y =

9
3

5x + 3 xy + 4 y = 12 10 x + 6 xy + 8 y = 24
10 x + 6 xy + 8 y = 24
;
;
;
3x + 2 xy + 3 y = 8 9 x 6 xy 9 y = 24 x = y

2.3.D06. )

24 x = 24
12 x = 24
18 x + 6 | x |= 24
x = 1

x 0
x < 0
, ,
;

x
=
y

y =1
y = x
y = x

2 x 6 xy + 7 y = 9 4 x 12 xy + 14 y = 18
;
;
x 4 xy + 5 y = 6
3x + 12 xy 15 y = 18

4 x 12 xy + 14 y = 18
;

x = y

89

6 x = 18
30 x = 18
18 x 12 | x |= 18
x = 3

; x = y x = y
, ,
.

x
=
y

y = 3
x 0
x < 0

x > 0
x > 0
y > 0
x 2 + 5 x 6 = y y > 0

2.3.D07. )
; 2
;
2
2
2 ;
2
x
+
x

=
y
5
6
y + 5 y 6 + (5 x 6) = y
y + 5 y 6 = x
y 2 + 5 y 6 = x2 x2 + 5x 6 = y 2

x > 0
294
6

y > 0
49 x =
x=

5
5
;
;
;
12

49 y = 294 y = 6
x + y = 5

5
5
37 x 12 y = 30

x 0
x 0
y 0
y 0

; x2 y2 + 4x 7 = 0 ;
2
2
x
4
x
7
y
+

( x 2 + 4 x 7) + 4 y 7 = x 2 x + y = 14

4
14
30
14
(xy)(x+y)+4x7= (xy)+4x7=
x y7=0;
4
4
4
308
7

14

x = 4
44 x = 4
x + y =
;
;
.
4

30 x 14 y = 28 44 y = 308 y = 7

4
4
x2 + 4 x 7 = y

)
;
y 2 + 4 y 7 = x

| x 3 |= 3 y + 2

2.3.D08. )

| y + 2 |= 3 x 3

( x 3) = 3 y + 2

( y + 2) = 3 3 y + 2
y = 7
y + 2 = 0
y + 2 = 9 y = 2

;

;

x 3 = 0
x 3 = 9 x = 3
x = 12
( x 1) = 5 y 2

| x 1 |= 5 y 2

| y 2 |= 5 x 1

3 x 2 + 35 x 11 4 x + 1
5x + 1 x 1

2
3x + 35 x 11 = 4 x 1
;

5 x + 1 x + 1

90

4
( y + 2) = 729( y + 2)

( x 1) = 5 y 2

( y 2) = 5 5 y 2
y 2 = 0
y 2 = 25 y = 2

;

x 1 = 0
( x 1) = 25 x = 3

2.3.D09. )

( x 3) = 3 y + 2

4
6
( y 2) = 5 ( y 2)

y = 27
.

x = 26

= 0;

3x 2 + 35 x 11 = 16 x 2 8 x + 1

4 x 1 0, 5 x + 1 0, x + 1 0 ;

2
5 x + 1 ( x + 1)

13x 2 43x + 12 = 0

;
x
4

5 x + 1 ( x + 1) 2

x = 3 x = 13

1
4

; x= ;
x
4
13

5 x + 1 ( x + 1)2

2
4 x + 40 x 11 = 3x + 2
=0;
;
11x + 9 x 3
11x + 9 x + 3
2
3

3x + 2 0, x + 3 0, 11x + 9 0 x
x = 5 x = 5
3
3
2
2
; 2
;
; x= .
4 x + 40 x 11 = 9 x + 12 x + 4
2
5 x 28 x + 15 = 0
5

2
11x + 9 ( x + 3)
3

11x + 9 ( x + 3)

x
+
( x + 3)2
11
9

x + 4 y = 28
2.3.D10. )
; xy+4( y + x )=0; ( x + y )( x y + 4) = 0
y 4 x = 28

4 x 2 + 40 x 11 3x 2

x = y
x = y 4

;

y = 28 + 4 x
y = 28 + 4 x 16
x = y 4
x = y = 0

;

2
0 = 28 + 0
( y ) 4 y 12 = 0
x + 3 y = 37

y 3 x = 37

y = 6 x = 4
;
;

x = 2 y = 36

; (xy)+3( x + y )=0; ( x + y )( x y + 3) = 0

x = y 3
x = y
x = y 3 x = y = 0

;

;

y = 37 + 3 x
y = 37 + 3 x 0 = 37 + 0
y = 37 + 3 y 9
x = y 3

2
( y ) 3 y 28 = 0

y = 7 y = 49
;
.

x = 4 x = 16

x + 5 y + x 2 25 y 2 36 = 6

2
2
x 25 y 36 = 0

2
2
2
x + 5y = 6
( x 36) x 25 y 36 = 0

2.3.D11. )

x 2 36 = 0

6( x 5 y ) 36 = 0
x = 6 x = 6
;

;
;
y = 0
y = 0 y = 0
x + 5y = 6

2
2
x + 5 y + x 25 y 36 = 6
x 2 y + x 2 4 y 2 49 = 7

2
2
2
( x 49) x 4 y 49 = 0

x 2 4 y 2 49 = 0

x 2 y = 7

91

x 2 49 = 0

7( x + 2 y ) 36 = 0
x = 7 x = 7
;

;
.
y = 0

2
=

7
x
y
y = 0
y = 0
x 2 = 7

3x + 4 y + 4 3x + 4 y = 5

2.3.D12. )

x + 5 + y + 3 = 4

3x + 4 y = 1
;

x + 5 + y + 3 = 4

2
( 3 x + 4 y ) + 4( 3x + 4 y ) 5 = 0

x + 5 + y + 3 = 4

3x + 4 y = 1
3( x + 5) + 4( y + 3) = 28
;
;

x + 5 + y + 3 = 4 x + 5 + y + 3 = 4

x+5 = 4 y+3

x + 5 = 4 y + 3

10
y + 3 = 2
y+3 =
7

18
79

x+5 =
x = 49
7 x = 1
;

;
10 y = 1
y = 47
y +3 =

7
49

x+5 = 4 y+3

2
7 y + 3 24 y + 3 + 20 = 0

x + 5 = 2

y + 3 = 2

3x + 2 y + 7 3x + 2 y = 8

x + 1 + y + 2 = 2

3x + 2 y = 1
;

x + 1 + y + 2 = 2

2
( 3 x + 2 y ) + 7( 3x + 2 y ) 8 = 0

x + 1 + y + 2 = 2

3x + 2 y = 1
3( x + 1) + 2( y + 2) = 8
;
;

x + 1 + y + 2 = 2 x + 1 + y + 2 = 2
x +1 = 2 y + 2
x + 1 = 2 y + 2

2
y + 2 = 2
y+2 =
5

8
39

x +1 =
x = 25
5 x = 1
;

.
2 y = 2
y = 46
y+2 =

5
25

x + 1 = 2 y + 2
;

5 y + 2 12 y + 2 + 4 = 0

x + 1 = 0

y + 2 = 2

4.
.
2.4.01. ) (2cos x+1)(3sin x4)=0
1

cos x = 2 x = + 2k , k Z

; .. x = + 2k , k Z ;
,

3
3
sin x = 4 , .. | sin x | 1

) (2sin x+1)(4cos x+5)=0


1

sin x = 2 x = 3 + 2k , k Z
3
,
; .. x = + 2k , k Z

2 3

5
2 3

, .. | cos x | 1
cos x = 4

92

2.4.02. ) 4sin2x12sin x+5=0


5
2

t=sin x, 4t212t+5=0, t1 = , t2 =
x=

1
1
; .. |t|1, sin x = ,
2
2


+ 2k , k Z ;
2 3
1
2

3
2

) 4cos2x+4cos x3=0; t=cos x, 4t2+4t3=0, t1 = , t2 = ; .. |t|1,


cos x =

, x = + 2k , k Z .
2
3

2.4.03. ) 2sin2x=2cos2x+ 3 , 2(cos2xsin2x)= 3 ,


3

, 2 x = + 2k + , x = + k + , k Z ;
2
6
12
2

cos 2 x =

2 cos 2 x = 2 sin 2 x + 1 ,

2 ( cos 2 x sin 2 x ) = 1 ,

+ 2k , x = + k , k Z .
4
8
1
1
1
2.4.04. ) cos x sin( x) =
, sin 2 x =
2
2 2
2 2
1
3
3
sin 2 x =
, 2x =
+ 2k , k Z , x =
+ k , k Z ;
4 8
2 4
2
1

cos 2 x =

, 2x =

3 1
3
, sin 2 x =
,
4
2
4
3
3
3
sin 2 x =
, 2x =
+ 2k , k Z .
+ 2k , k Z , x =
4 6
2
2 3

) sin x cos( x) =

2.4.05.

) tg 2 x = 3tg( x) , tg x tg x + 3 = 0
x = k , k Z
tg x = 0
,
;

tg x = 3 x = 3 + m, m Z

tg x = 0 x = k , k Z
3tg 2 ( x) = tg x , tg x( 3tg x 1) = 0 .
.
,
tg x = 1 x = + m, m Z

3
6

2.4.A06. ) tg2x+3tg x+2=0, tg x=t, t2+3t+2=0, t1=1, t2=2


tg x = 1

x = + k , k Z
;
4
x = arctg(2) + m, m Z

,
..
tg x = 2

) tg2x3tg x4=0, tg x=t, t23t4=0, t1=1, t2=4

tg x = 1 x = + k , k Z
.
4
tg x = 4

x = arctg 4 + m, m Z

93

94

.
2.4.B01. ) 3sin2x5sin xcos x+2cos2x=0,
3sin2x3sin xcos x2sin xcos x+2cos2x=0,
3sin x(sin xcos x)2cos x(sin xcos x)=0,
(3sin x2cos x)(sin xcos x)=0,
2

2 x = arctg + k , k Z

3 sin x = 2 cos x tg x =
3
;
,
3,

sin x = cos x
tg x = 1 x = + m, m Z

) 2sin2x5sin xcos x7cos2x=0, .. cos x=0, :


2tg2x5tg x7=0, tg x=t, 2t25t7=0
2t2+2t7t7=0, 2t(t+1)7(t+1)=0, (2t7)(t+1)=0
7

7 x = arctg + k , k Z

2t 7 = 0 tg x =
2
.
2 ,
t + 1 = 0 ,

tg x = 1 x = + m, m Z

4
cos 4 x = 1
cos 4 x + 1

,
=0,
2.4.B02. )

sin x + 4 0
sin x +

4 x = + 2k , k Z x = + , k Z

4 2
,

x + 4 l , l Z
x + l , l Z

x = + k , k Z
4
sin 4 x 1 = 0
sin 4 x 1

=0,
)
,

cos x 8 0
cos x

4 x = 2 + 2k , k Z x = 8 + 2 , k Z

,
; x = + k , k Z .

8
x + l , l Z x + + l , l Z

8 2
8 2

2.4.B03. ) 3tg2x5tg x+2=0,


3tg2x3tg x2tg x+2=0, 3tg x(tg x1)2(tg x1)=0
(3tg x2)(tg x1)=0
2

2 x = arctg + k , k Z

3tg x 2 = 0 tg x =
3
3,
tg x 1 = 0 ,

tg x = 1 x = + l , l Z

4
3
.. ;
4

95

) 2tg2x3tg x+1=0, 2tg2x2tg xtg x+1=0


2tg x(tg x1)(tg x1)=0, (2tg x1)(tg x1)=0
1

1 x = arctg + k , k Z

2 tg x 1 = 0 tg x =
2
2,
tg x 1 = 0 ,

tg x = 1 x = + l , l Z

3
.
4

2.4.B04. ) 2(cos3xsin3x)=1,5(cos xsin x)


2(cos xsin x)(cos2x+cos xsin x+sin2x)=1,5(cos xsin x)

(cos xsin x)(2+sin 2x1,5)=0, (cos xsin x) sin 2 x + =0


2

cos x sin x = 0 tg x = 1
x = 4 + k , k Z

.
,
,
1
1
sin 2 x + = 0 sin 2 x =
3
+ 2m, m Z

2 2 x =
2 3

x = 4 + k , k Z
..
;
2 x = 3 + m, m Z

4 6

) 2(cos3x+sin3x)=2,5(cos x+sin x)
2(cos x+sin x)(cos2xsin xcos x+sin2x)=2,5(cos x+sin x)
(cos x+sin x)(2sin 2x2,5)=0
cos x + sin x = 0 tg x = 1

,
x = 3 + k , k Z
sin 2 x = 1

4 6
2

x = 4 + m, m Z
.

x = 3 + k , k Z

4 6
2.4.B05. ) tg x = tg ( x + ) 1 < x < 5 ;
2 3
x
2

x = 2 + 3 + k x = 3 + 2k

1
1
2
2
1

; x + k , k, l ; 1 < + 2k < 5 ; 1 < 2k < 4 .


x + k
3
3
3
2
2

x 1

1
+ l
x + l
3
2 3

2
2
2
2
2
, k = 0; 1; 2; x = ; x = + 2 = 2 ; x = + 4 = 4 .
3
3
3
3
3
x
) tg x = tg ( ) ; 3 < x < 6 ;
6 3

96

2 6k

x = 5 + 5

2 6k
2 6k
2
1

<6 ;
; 3< +
<6; 3 <
x + l
5
5
5
5
5
2

x 5 + 6m

17 6k 32
17
32
1
2
3
<
<
<k<
; 17 < 6k < 32 ;
, .. k = 3, 4, 5 ; x = 3 ; 4 ; 5 .
5
5
5
6
6
5
5
5

2.4.B06. ) 3tg (x ) = 1 ; 2 < x < 1 ;


7

13

x 7 = 6 + k x = 42 + k

;
;
tg (x ) = tg ( + k ) ;
7
6
x + k x 9 + k

7 2
14
13
13
29
, .. k = 2, 1, 0 ;
2 <
+ k < 1 ; 2
<k<
42
42
42
13
71
13
29
13
2 = ; k = 1 ; x =
1 =
k = 2 ; x =
; k =0; x=
.
42
42
42
42
42

) 3tg (x ) = 3 ; 1 < x < 2 ; tg (x ) = tg ( + k ) ;


5
3
3
2

x = + k ; x = + k , k Z;
5
3
15
2
13
28
k = 0; x = ;
k = 1; x = ;
k = 2; x =
.
15
15
15
x 1

x = 6 3 + k

;
x + l
2

x 1 1
+m
6 3 2

2.4.B07. ) 2 cos(2x ) + 2 = 0 ; 2 < x < 4 ; cos 2x =


;
3
2
3

13

x = 24 + n, n Z
3

2x = + 2k , k Z;
.
3
4
x = 5 + k, k Z

24
61 85 67 91
2 < x < 4 x =
;
;
;
;
24 24 24 24
1

) 2 cos(2x ) 1 = 0 ; 1 < x < 1 ; cos 2x = ;


4 2
4

+ n, n Z
x=

24
2x = + 2k , k Z;
.
4
3
x = 1 + k, k Z

24

1 < x < 1 x =

17
1
7 23
; ;
;
.
24
24 24 24

2.4.B08. ) (2sin x+1)(tg x3)=0


97

sin x = 2 , , tg

tg x = 3
1
x=3, I , sin x = III IV .
2

, x=arctg 3;
) (2cos x+1)(tg x4)=0
2cos x+1=0 II III , tg
x=4 I III . I
: tg x=4.
, x=arctg 4.
2.4.B09. ) (cos xsin x)2((cos xsin x)21)=0
cos x = sin x x =
cos x = 0

sin x = 0
x =

+ k
4
n
2

n
, + k ;
2 4

) (sin x+cos x)2((sin x+cos x)21)=0

sin x = cos x x = + k
4
sin x = 0

cos x = 0
x = 2

n
, + k .
2
4

2.4.B10. ) 510sin2x6sin x1=0 5sin2x+3sin x2=0


2

sin x = 5

sin x = 1

: (1)n arcsin + n, + 2k ;

cos x = 3

cos x = 1

: arcsin + 2n, + 2k .
3

2
5

) 6cos2x+8cos x+2=0 3cos2x+4cos x+1=0


(3cos x+1)(cos x+1)=0
1

x + 4 = n
x = 4 + n

4 x + = + k x = k

2 2
4

) sin x + cos 3x = 0
6
4

2.4.B11. ) sin x + cos 4 x + = 0


4
2

x + 6 = n

3x = + k

4 2

98

x =

x =

5
+ n
6
k
+
4 3

;
4

.
4

2.4.B12. ) 4cos4x=1213cos2x 4cos4x+13cos2x12=0


13 169 + 192
13 + 361 3
cos2x0 cos 2 x =
=
8
8
4

3
3
cos x =
x = arccos
+ n
: + n ;
2
2
6
cos 2 x =

) 4sin4x+11sin2x3=0
4sin4x+12sin2xsin2x3=0
(4sin2x1)(sin2x+3)=0
sin x =

1
2

: + n .

C.
2.4.C01. ) cos 4 13x sin 4 13x = cos 7 x ;
(cos 2 13 x sin 2 13x)(cos 2 13x + sin 2 13x ) = cos 7 x ;
cos 26 x = cos 7 x

26 x = 7 x + 2k , k Z
19 x = 2k , k Z
26 x = 7 x + 2n, n Z ; 33x = 2n, n Z ;

) cos 4 14 x sin 4 14 x = cos9 x ; cos 28 x = cos9 x ;

x =

x =

x =
28 x = 9 x + 2k , k Z
19 x = 2k , k Z

>
28 x = 9 x + 2n, n Z
37 x = 2n, k Z

x =
2.4.C02 ) sin 4 9 x cos 4 9 x = cos11x ;
sin 2 9 x cos 2 9 x = cos11x ; cos18 x = cos11x ;

2k
, kZ
19
;
2n
, nZ
33

2k
, kZ
19
.
2n
, nZ
37

2k +

, kZ
x =
18 x = 11x + (2k + 1), k Z
7
cos18 x = cos( + 11x)

.
18 x = 11x + (24 1), n Z
x = 2n , n Z

29
) sin 4 12 x cos 4 12 x = cos9 x ; cos 24 x = cos9 x ; cos 24 x = cos( + 9 x)
2k +

x = 15 , k Z
24 x = + 9 x + 2k , k Z

.

24 x = 9 x + (2n 1), n Z
x = 2n , n Z

33

2.4.C03. ) sin(3 x ) = cos( x ) ;


8
9

cos 3x = cos x
8
9

5
8 3 x = x 9 + 2k , k Z

5 3 x = x + + 2n, n Z
8
9

53 k

x = 288 + 2 , k Z

;
x = 37 n, n Z

144

99

2
6

2
6
) = cos(3x + ) ; cos( x + ) = cos(3x + )
3
5
2
3
5
k
6
7

x = 3x + 5 + 2k , k Z
x = 120 + 2 + 2k , k Z

.
6
7 x = 3x 6 + 2n, n Z
x = 71 + n, n Z
6

60
5

) sin( x

2.4.C04. ) 2 sin x + 3

cos x = 0

3
2
sin x =
x = 3 + 2n

cos x 0
x = + k

2
cos
x
=
0

) 2 cos x 3

3
cos x =
2

sin x 0

sin x = 0

2
3

: + 2n,

+ k ;
2

sin x = 0

x = 6 + 2n

x = k

: + 2n, k .

2.4.C05.
)

2
2 cos x 1

cos x =
=0
2 x = + 2n
tg x 1
4
tg x 1

2
2 sin x + 1
3
sin x =
=0
2 x = + 2n
tg x + 1
4
tg x 1

: + 2n ;

3
4

: + 2n .

2.4.C06.

sin( 4 x) = 0
;

cos( x ) = 0

4 x = k , k Z
x =
;

x = + m, m Z x =

6 2

) tg ( x)ctg ( x ) = 0 ;

+ k , k Z
4

2
+ m, m Z
3

x = .
3

x = 6 k , k Z
6 x = k , k Z

) tg ( x)ctg ( x ) = 0 ;
6
4
x = + l , l Z x = 3 + l , l Z

4 2
4

x = .
4

100

2.4.C07. ) 2 cos 2 x cos x 1 = 0


4
4

cos x 1 2 cos x + 1 = 0
4
4

cos x = 1 x = 2n
4

1
cos x = x = + 2k
4
3

4
2

5
: + 2n ,
+ 2k ;
4
4 3

) 2 sin 2 x + 3 sin x + 1 = 0
3
3

x =

x =

+ 2n
4
5
+ 2k
4 3

2 sin x + 1 sin x + 1 = 0
3
3

1
sin x =
3
2

sin x = 1
3

x =

x =

+ (1)n+1 + n
3
6

+ 2k
3 2

+ (1) n+1 + n; + 2k .
3
6
6

2.4.C08. ) 6 sin 2 2 x + sin 2 x 2 = 0

6 sin 2 2 x + 4 sin 2 x 3 sin 2 x 2 = 0


6
6


3 sin 2 x + 2 2 sin 2 x 1 = 0
6
6

2
n +1
sin 2 x = 2 x = (1) arcsin + n
6
3

6
3


1 2 x = (1)k + k
sin 2 x =

6
2 6
6
1
2 n
k
:
;
+ (1) n arcsin + ; (1)k +
12 2
3 2 12
12 2

) 10 cos 2 2 x + 3 cos 2 x 1 = 0
4
4

10 cos 2 2 x + 5 cos 2 x cos 2 x 1 = 0


4
4
4

2 cos 2 x + 1 5 cos 2 x 1 = 0
4
4

101

cos 2 x =
4
2



1
cos 2 x =
4 5

2 x 4 = 3 + 2n

2 x = arccos 1 + 2k

4
5


1
1
+ n; arccos + k .
8 3
8 2
5

2.4.C09.
) 4 sin 2 x cos 4 x =

2 sin 4 x cos 4 x = 1
1

cos 2 x
cos 2 x 0

x= +
8 x = + 2n
sin 8 x = 1

16 4
2

cos 2 x 0
2 x + k
x + k

2
4 2

) 4 cos 3x cos 6 x =

sin 12 x = 1
1

sin 3x
sin 3x 0

x=

12 x = + 2n

2
3x k
x

n
+
24 6
k
3

n
+
.
24 6

2.4.C10.
3
1
cos x sin x = cos 4 x
2
2

cos cos x sin sin x = cos 4 x cos x + = cos 4 x


6
6
6

3x
5x +
6 sin
6 =0
2 sin
2
2

3x 6

= 0 3x = 2n x = + n
sin
6
18 3
2

5 x + = 2k x = + 2 k
5x + 6

6
30 5

=0
sin
2

2
2
+ n; + k ;
:
18 3
30 5

) sin x cos x = 2 sin 5 x sin x cos cos x sin = sin 5 x


4
4

4x +
6x

4 cos
4 =0
sin x = sin 5 x 2 sin
4
2
2

102

3 cos x sin x = 2 cos 4 x

n
+
;
16 4

4 x + 4 = 2n

6 x = + 2k

n 5 k
+ ;
+
.
16 2 24 3

2.4.C11. ) ( x 2 7 x + 10 ) cos x = 0

cos x = 0
x = 2 + n
2

x 7 x + 10 = 0 x = 2, x = 5 .
cos x 0
cos x 0

: 5,

+ n ;
2

) ( x 2 6 x + 8 ) sin x = 0
sin x = 0
x = n
2

+
=
x
x
6
8
0

x = 2, x = 4

sin x 0
sin x 0

: 2, n.
sin x = 1
cos 4 x = 1

2.4.C12. ) sin x+2cos 4x=3

x=

x = + 2n
2

4 x = 2k x =

) cos x + 3 sin

+ 2n
2
k
2

+ 2n ;
2

cos x = 1
x

=4 x

4
sin 4 = 1

x = 2n
x = 2n

2
=
+

k
x = 2 + 8k
4 2

: 2 + 8k .
D.
2.4.D01. ) cos 6x sin 9x = cos x sin14x ; x [3, 4] ;
sin 9x cos 6x = sin14x cos x ;
1
1
[sin15 x + sin 3x] = [sin15x + sin13x] ;
2
2
3x = 13x + 2k , k Z
sin 3x = sin13x ;
3x = 13x + 2n, n Z

x = 5 , k Z

, ,
2n + 1

x = 16 , n Z

, [3; 4], 14.


) cos 4x sin 8x = cos x sin11x , x [ 2, 1] ;
103

1
1
[sin12x + sin 4x ] = [sin12x + sin10x] ; sin 4x = sin10x ;
2
2
k

x = 3 , k Z
4x = 10x + 2k , k Z
.
4x = 10x + 2n, n Z
x = 2n + 1 , n Z

14

[ 2, 1] 11 .
2.4.D02.
3x
x
sin 3 = 2 cos 2 x ; 4[cos x cos 2 x] 3 = 2 cos 2 x ;
2
2
2 cos 2 x 4 cos x + 3 = 0 ; 4 cos 2 x 4 cos x + 1 = 0 ;
1

cos x = ; x = + 2k ; x = ;
3
2
3
3x
x
) 8cos cos 3 = 6 cos 2 x ; 4[cos 2 x + cos x] 3 6 cos 2 x = 0 ;
2
2
2 cos 2 x 4 cos x + 3 = 0 ; 4 cos 2 x 4 cos x + 1 = 0 ;

) x = .
3

) 8sin

2.4.D03.
7 x
2x
) = tg ( +
);
4
5
4
5
7 x
2x
7 x
2x
x
cos( ) cos( +
) = sin( )sin( +
) ; cos(2 + ) = 0 ;
4
5
4
5
4
5
4
5
5
15
1
x
2 +
= + k , k Z ; x = + 5k = 7 + 5k , k Z;
2
2
5 2
7 x
35
7 x

sin( 4 5 ) 0 4 5 l , l Z
x 4 + 5l , l Z

;
;
.
cos( + 2x ) 0 + 2x + m, m Z x 5 + 5 m, m Z
4

4
5
5
2
4 2

) ctg (

.
1
2

x1 = 2 =

5
5
475
; x48 = + 47 5 =
;
2
2
2

5 475
+
x1 + x48
2 48 = 480 48 = 480 12 = 5760 .
S 48 =
48 = 2
2
2
4
3 3x
2 x
) ctg ( +
) = tg ( ) ;
5
4
5
2
3 3x
2 x
3 3x
2 x
cos( +
) cos( ) = sin( +
)sin( ) ;
5
4
5
2
5
4
5
2
x
1
x
x
cos( + ) = 0 ; +
= + k , k Z; = + k , k Z; x = 2 + 4k , k Z;
4
2
4
4 2

104

3 3x

3 3x
sin( 5 + 4 ) 0 5 + 4 l , l Z
;
;

cos( 2 x ) 0 2 x + m, m Z

5
5
2
2 2
3
x
3
4 4

4 l 5, l Z
x 5 + 3 l, l Z

;
.
x 1 + 2m, m Z x 1 + 2m, m Z

5
5

, , .
x1 = 2 ; x50 = 2 + 4 49 = 198 ;
S50 =

x1 + x50
2 + 198
50 =
50 = 5000 .
2
2

2.4.D04.
) 35cox 4 x + 12 cos 2 x = 35sin 2 x + 12sin 4 x ;
35(cos 4 x sin 2 x) = 12(sin 4 x cos 2 x) ;
35(1 sin 2 x 2sin 2 2 x ) = 12(2sin 2 x cos 2 x cos 2 x) ;
35(2sin 2 x 1)(sin 2 x + 1) = 12cos 2 x(2sin 2 x 1) ;
(12 cos 2 x + 35sin 2 x + 35)(2 sin 2 x 1) = 0 ;
12
35
35
(2sin 2 x 1)(
cos 2 x +
sin 2 x + ) = 0 ;
2
2
37
1369
12 + 35
1

2sin 2 x 1 = 0 ; sin 2 x = ; 2 x = + 2k , k Z;
2
2 3

x = + k , k - - .
4 6
12
35
35
12
35
; arcsin + 2 x = (1) n arcsin( ) + n ;
cos 2 x + sin 2 x =
37
37
37
37
37
35
12
(1) n arcsin( ) + n arcsin
37
37 , n Z II .
x=
2
) 9 cos 3x + 40 cos 4 x = 9sin 4 x 40sin 3x ;
9( cos3 x + sin 4 x) = 40(sin 3x + cos 4 x) .

+
+


+ cos
+ sin
)(cos
);
2
2
2
2
+
+


+ cos
sin
sin cos = (sin
)(cos
).
2
2
2
2
7x
7x
x
x
7x
7x
x
x
9(sin + cos )(cos sin ) = 40(sin + cos )(cos sin ) ;
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
7x
7x
7x

sin 2 + cos 2 = 0 sin( 4 + 2 ) = 0


;
;

cos x sin x = 0
sin( x ) = 0

2
2
4 2
sin + cos = (sin

105

2k

7x
4 + 2 = k , k Z x = 14 + 7 , k Z
;
.

x = + 2n, n Z
x = n, n Z

4 2
2

2.4.D05. ) sin 2 x + sin 2 5 x + sin 2 7 x + sin 2 11x = 2 ;


1 cos 2 x 1 cos10 x 1 cos14 x 1 cos 22 x
+
+
+
= 2;
2
2
2
2
4 cos 2 x cos10 x cos14 x cos 22 x = 4 ;
cos 2 x + cos 22 x + cos10 x + cos14 x = 0 ;
2 cos12 x cos10 x + 2 cos12 x cos 2 x = 0 ;
cos12 x(cos10 x + cos 2 x) = 0 ; cos12 x cos 6 x cos 4 x = 0 ;

12 x = 2 + k , k Z
x = 24 + 12 , k Z
cos12 x = 0

cos 6 x = 0 6 x = + n, n Z x = + n , k Z .

2
12 6
cos 4 x = 0

x = + l , l Z
4 x = + l , l Z

2
8 4

) cos 2 3x + cos 2 4 x + cos 2 9 x + cos 2 10 x = 2 ;


cos 6 x + 1 cos8 x + 1 cos18 x + 1 cos 20 x + 1
+
+
+
=2;
2
2
2
2
cos 6 x + cos 20 x + cos8 x + cos18 x = 0 ;
cos13 x cos 7 x + cos13x cos 5 x = 0 ; cos13x cos 6 x cos x = 0 ;
k

13 x = 2 + k , k Z x = 26 + 13 , k Z

6 x = + l , l Z ; x = + l , l Z .

12 6
2

x = + m, m Z
x = + m, m Z
2
2

2.4.D06. ) cos 4 5 x sin 4 5 x = sin x ; cos 2 5 x sin 2 5 x = sin x ;


cos10 x + 1 1 cos10 x

= sin x ; cos10 x sin x = 0 ;


2
2
sin x cos10 x = 0 .

2.4.D04.
11x
11x
9x
9x

9x
+ cos
)(cos + sin ) = 0 ; sin(11x + )sin( + ) = 0 ;
2
2
2
2
4
2 4
2k

11x
2 + 4 = k , k Z x = 22 + 11 , k Z
;
.

x = + 2n , n Z
9 x + = n, n Z

2 4
18
9

(sin

) sin 4 13x cos 4 13x = sin x ; (sin 2 13x cos 2 13x ) = sin x ;
cos 26 x = sin x ; cos 26 x + sin x = 0 ;
106

27
27
25
25
x + cos x)(cos x sin x) = 0 ;
2
2
2
2
27

25

sin( x + ) cos( x + ) = 0 ;
2
4
2
4
2k

27
x = 54 + 27 , k Z
2 x + 4 = k , k Z
;
.

25 x + = + n, n Z x = + 2n , n Z

2
50 25
4 2
(sin

2.4.D07. ) sin 2 8 x + sin 2 9 x = sin 2 17 x ;


1 cos16 x 1 cos18 x 1 cos34 x
; 1 cos16 x cos18 x + cos 34 x = 0 ;
+
=
2
2
2
1 2cos17 x cos x + 2cos 2 17 x 1 = 0 ; cos17 x(cos17 x cos x) = 0 ;

x =

cos17 x = 0
17 x = 2 + k , k Z ; x =
;
cos17 x = cos x

17 x = x + 2n, n Z
x =

k
+ , kZ
34 17
n
;
, nZ
8
n
, mZ
9

) cos 2 4 x + cos 2 9 x = cos 2 13x + 1 ;


cos8 x + 1 cos18 x + 1 cos 26 x + 1
+
=
+1 ;
2
2
2
cos8 x + cos18 x cos 26 x 1 = 0 ;

2cos13x cos5 x 2cos 2 13x + 1 1 = 0 ;


cos13x(cos 5 x cos13x) = 0 ;
k

x = 26 + 13 , k Z

n
13x = 2 + k , k Z
; x = , n Z
.

9
13x = 5 x + 2n, n Z
x = l , l Z

4
cos9 x sin 7 x
2.4.D08. )
= 3;
sin 9 x cos 7 x
(sin 8 x + cos8 x)( sin x cos x)
sin x + cos x
= 3;
=
(sin 8 x + cos8 x)(cos x sin x)
sin x cos x

3;

sin x + cos x = 3 sin x 3 cos x


sin x + 3 cos x = 3 sin x cos x


x k , k Z
sin( x ) 0
4
4

sin(8 x + ) 0
8 x + n, n Z
4
4

107


2cos x = 2cos x +
2cos x + cos = 0
6
3
12

x + k , k Z
x + k , k Z
4
4

n
n
, nZ
, nZ
x
x
8 32
8 32

x + 12 = 2 + l , l Z

x + k , k Z
x=
+ k , k Z.
4
12

n
, nZ
x
8 32

(sin 3x + cos3x )(cos 2 x + sin 2 x)


sin x cos5 x
= 3;
= 3;
(sin 3x + cos3x )(sin 2 x cos 2 x)
cos x sin 5 x

cos 2 x + sin 2 x = 3 sin 2 x 3 cos 2 x


cos 2 x 3 sin 2 x = 3 cos 2 x + sin 2 x


3x + l , l Z
sin 3x + 0
4
4

2 x n, n Z
sin 2 x 0
4

2cos 2 x + = 2cos 2 x
cos 2 x + + cos 2 x = 0
3
6
3
6

l
l

x , l Z
x , l Z

3 12
3 12

n
n
x + , n Z
x + , n Z
8
2
8 2

2cos 2 x + cos = 0
2 x + 12 = 2 + k , k Z
12
2

l
5 k
l

x , l Z
x=
, k Z.
+
x , l Z
3
12
24 2
3
12

n
n
x + , n Z
x + , n Z
8 2
8
2

2.4.D09.
3 tg 3x cos 7 x
)
=
;
3tg 7 x 1 cos3x
3 cos 3 x sin 3x = 3 sin 7 x cos 7 x ;

cos(3x + ) = cos(7 x + ) ; cos(3x + ) + cos(7 x + ) = 0 ;


6
3
6
3

108

x = 20 + 5
, k, n ;

x = 5 + n

24 2
k

sin 3x 0
x 9 , k Z

3ctg 3x 1 sin 9 x
=
)
ctg9 x 3
;
3 ctg 9 x sin 3x
sin9x 0
x + n , n Z

54 9

3 cos3x sin 3x = 3 sin 9 x cos9 x ; sin( 3 x) = sin(9 x ) ;


3
6

+
3 3x = 9 x 6 + 2n
x =
; 24 6
, l, n .

3x = 9 x + (2l + 1) x = + (2l + 1)

3
36
6
6

5 x + 4 = 2 + k

cos(5 x + ) cos(2 x + ) = 0 ;
;
4
12
2 x + = + n

12 2

x = 4 , k Z
4 x = k , k Z
tg4 x = 0
tg 4 x
2.4.D10. )

=0;
tg14 x
x n , n Z
tg14 x 0
14 x n, n Z

14
k
x=
, k 2n, k, n Z.
4
k

x = 6 + 3 , k Z
3x = 2 + k , k Z
ctg3x = 0
ctg 3x
)

=0
ctg 24 x
ctg24 x 0
24 x + n, n Z
x + n , n Z

2
48 24
k
x= +
, k Z.
6 3

sin(8x )
6 = 0 . x +k , k Z.
2.4.D11. )
1
3 3 2
cos( x )
3 3

n
: 8 x = n , x = +
, n Z.
48 8
6

cos(3x + )
3 = 0 . x k , x 3 + 9k .
)
x
9 3
sin( )
9 3
n

: 3x + = + n ; x = +
, n Z.
3 2
18 3
2
+ 13cos x = 13sin x ; x k ;
2.4.D12. )
sin x
13
13
2 + 13sin x cos x = 13sin 2 x ; 2 + sin 2 x = (1 cos 2 x) ;
2
2

109

13(sin 2 x cos 2 x) = 13 4 ; 13(cos 2 x sin 2 x) = 17

17
17
; cos(2 x + ) =
;
2 cos(2 x + ) =
4 13 2
4 13

17
arccos(
)

17

13
2 + k , k Z.
2 x + = arccos
+ 2k , k Z; x =
8
2
4
13 2
4

. x + k ;
) 49 cos x + 11sin x =
cos x
2
cos 2 x + 1 11
2
) + sin 2 x 4 = 0 ;
49cos x + 11sin x cos x 4 = 0 ; 49(
2
2
49
11
41
cos 2 x +
sin 2 x =
49 cos 2 x + 11sin 2 x = 41 ;

2522
2522
2522
49
41
cos(2 x arccos
)=
;
2522
2522
49
41
2 x arccos
) + 2k , k Z;
= arccos(
2522
2522
49
41
arccos
)
arccos(
2522
2522
x=
+ k , k Z.
2

5.
.
2.5.A01.
) 53 x =
) 23 x =

1
3

; 53 x =

;53 x = 5
1

1
3

53

1
4

; 23 x =

1
1
24

;23 x = 2

1
1
1
3x = x = . : x = .
3
9
9
1
4

3x =

1
1
1
x = . : x = .
4
12
12

2.5.A02.
2
2
1
1
; 3x + 3 x 1 = 3 ;3x + 3 x 1 = 33 x 2 + 3x 1 = 3 ;
27
3
3 1
x 2 + 3x + 2 = 0 ; D = 9 4 2 = 1 ; x =
; x1 = 2; x2 = 1.
2

) 3x

+ 3 x 1

: x1 = 2, x2 = 1.
2
1
; 4 x 8 x +12 = 43 x 2 8 x + 12 = 3 ;
64
8 2
x 2 8 x + 15 = 0 ; D = 64 4 15 = 4 ; x =
; x1 = 5, x2 = 3 . : x1 = 5, x2 = 3.
2

) 4 x

8 x +12

2.5.A03.
x 3 y
= 16
2
;
2 x + y = 5

)
110

x 3 y
= 24
2
;

2 x + y = 5

x 3 y = 4 2 2 x 6 y = 8
;
.

2 x + y = 5
2 x + y = 5

2 ,
7 y = 3
;

x = 4 + 3y

y = 7
19
3
. : x = , y = .

7
7
x = 19

x 3 y
=8
64
;
12
+
=2
x
y

2 x 6 y
=8
8
;

12
+
=2
x
y

2 x 6 y = 1
;

12 x + y = 2

2 x 6(2 12 x) = 1 2 x 12 + 72 x 1 = 0
;
;

y = 2 12 x
y = 2 12 x

13

74 x = 13
x =
;
;
74

y = 2 12 x y = 2 12 x

13
13
13

13
x=

x = 74
x = 74
13
4
x =

74
;
;
;
; : x = , y = .
74

78
78
4
74
37
y = 2 12 y = 2
y = 2
y =

37
37
37

2.5.A04.
) 42 x 3 4 x 4 = 0 .
4 x = t , : t 2 3t 4 = 0 ;
35
; t1 = 4, t2 = 1 ; 4 x = 4 x = 1 ;
2
4 x = 1 . : x = 1 .
D = 9 + 4 4 = 25 ; t =

) 22 x 14 2 x 32 = 0 . 2 x = t , :
14 18
; t1 = 2 ; t2 = 16 ;
2
2 x = 2 ; 2 x = 16 x = 4 . : x = 4.

t 2 14t 32 = 0 ; D = 142 + 4 32 = 182 ; t =

2.5.A05.
1 5 x y
= 25

) 5
;
2x y 1
=
2
32

5 y 5 x = 52
y 5x = 2
y = 2 + 5x
;
;
;
2x y
= 25 2 x y = 5 2 x (2 + 5 x) = 5
2

y = 2 + 5x
y = 2 + 5x y = 2 + 5 y = 7
;
;
;
. : x = 1, y = 7.

2 x 2 5 x + 5 = 0 3x = 3 x = 1
x = 1
1 2 x y
= 27 3 y 2 x = 33 y 2 x = 3

) 3
; 3x y
;
;
= 52 3x y = 2
5
3x y 1
=
5
25
y = 3 + 2x
y = 3 + 2x y = 5
. : x = 1, y = 5.
;
;

3 x 3 2 x = 2 x = 1
x = 1

2.5.A06. ) 44 x 17 = 64 ; 4 x 17 = 3 ; 4 x = 20 ; x = 5 . : x = 5
) 52 x 8 = 25 ; 52 x 8 = 52 ; 2 x 8 = 2 ; 2 x = 10 ; x = 5 . : x = 5
111

.
2.5.B01. ) 25 x 4 = 16 x + 3 ; 5 x 4 = 4 x + 12 ; x = 16 . : x = 16
) 35 x + 2 = 81x 1 ; 35 x + 2 = 34 x 4 ; 5 x + 2 = 4 x 4 ; x = 6 . : x = 6.
2
2
2.5.B02. ) 2000 x 9 = 1999 x 9 ; x 2 9 = 0 ; x = 3 ; : x = 3
2
2
) 2003x 36 = 2004 x 36 ; x 2 36 = 0 ; x = 6. ; : x = 6.
1

1
36
1
: x = 1 .
4

2.5.B03. ) ( ) x+1 = 6 ; 62 x 2 = 62 ; 2x 2 =

1
1
1
; 2x = 2 ; x = 1 .
2
2
4

1 x 1
) = 4 2 ; 26 x + 6 = 32 ; 26 x + 6 = 25 ; 26 x + 6 = 2 2 ;
64
5
7
7
7
6 x = 6 ; 6 x = ; x = . : x = .
2
2
12
12
2
1
2.5.B04. ) 4 x 8 x +12 =
; x 2 8 x + 12 = 3 ; x 2 8 x + 15 = 0 ; x1 = 3, x2 = 5
64
( . ) : x1 = 3, x2 = 5.

) (

1
; x 2 + 3x 2 = 4 ; x 2 + 3x + 2 = 0 ; x1 = 2, x2 = 1 .
81
: x1 = 2, x2 = 1.

) 3x

+3x 2

2.5.B05. ) 3 2 x + 3 2 x + 4 = 4 ; 3 2 x 23 2 x 24 = 4 ; 24 2 x 16 2 x = 4 ; 8 2 x = 4 ;
23 2 x = 4 ; 2 x + 3 = 2 2 ; x + 3 = 2 ; x = 1 .
: x = 1 .
) 3x +1 + 2 3x + 2 = 21 ; 3x 3 + 2 3x 32 = 21 ; 3 3x + 18 3x = 21 ; 21 3x = 21 ; 3x = 1 ;
x = 0 . : x = 0 .
2.5.B06. ) 24 x + 3 3 24 x 1 5 24 x +1 = 56 .
4 x 1 = t , :
2t + 4 3 2t 5 2t + 2 = 56 ; 2t 24 3 2t 5 2t 4 = 56 ;
16 2t 3 2t 20 2t = 56 ; 7 2t = 56 ; 2t = 23 ;
4 x 1 = 3 4 x = 4 x = 1 . : x = 1.
) 42 x +1 + 3 42 x 1 5 42 x = 64 .
2 x 1 = t , :
4t +1 + 3 4t 5 4t +1 = 64 ; 16 4t + 3 4t 20 4t = 64 ; 4t = 64 ;
4t = 64 ; t = 3 ; 2 x 1 = 3 2 x = 4 x = 2 . : x = 2.
2.5.B07. ) 3x

3 x

= 27 x

D = 9 + 4 2 9 = 81 ; x =
2

+5x

+3

; x 2 3x = 3x 2 9 ; 2 x 2 3x + 9 = 0 ; 2 x 2 + 3x 9 = 0 ;

3 9
3
3
; x1 = 3 , x2 = . : x1 = 3, x2 = .
2
4
2

+5x

+ 3)

+5x

+6

; x2 + 5x = 2 x2 + 6 ;
x 2 + 5 x 6 = 0 ; x 2 5 x + 6 = 0 ; x1 = 2, x2 = 3. : x1 = 2, x2 = 3.

) 4 x

= 16 x

; 4x

= 42( x

2.5.B08. ) 32 x 2 3x 3 = 0 .
112

; 4x

= 42 x

3x = t , : t 2 2t 3 = 0 ;
t = 3, t = 1 ; 3x = 3 x = 1;3x = 1 . : x = 1.
) 22 x 3 2 x 4 = 0 2 x = t , : t 2 3t 4 = 0 ;
t = 4, t = 1 ; 2 x = 4 x = 2 ; 2 x = 1 - . : x = 2.
1

2.5.B09. ) 351 x = 7 x ; 351 x = 5 x 7 x ; 351 x = 35 x ; 1 x = x ;


5
1
1
.
: x = .
2
2
x
) 633 x = 1 9 x ; 633 x = 7 x 9 x ; 633 x = 63x ; 3 x = x ;

7
3
3
2 x = 3; x = . : .
2
2
4 11x + y = 48 4t + y = 48
4(27 4 y ) + y = 48
2.5.B10. ) x
; x
; x
;
11 + 4 y = 27 11 + 4 y = 27 11 = 27 4 y
4(27 4 y ) + y = 48 ; 108 16 y + y = 48 ; 15 y = 60 ;
1 = 2 x; x =

y = 4 ; 11x = 27 4 4 ; 11x = 11 x = 1 . : x = 1, y = 4.
x
3 5 + y = 78

5 3 y = 16

x
3 5 + y = 78

x
5 = 16 + 3 y

3(16 + 3 y ) + y = 78
;
x
5 = 16 + 3 y

48 + 9 y + y = 78 ; 10 y = 30 ; y = 3 ; 5x = 16 + 3 3 ; x = 2 .
: x = 2, y = 3.
x
y
2 4 2 = 62

2.5.B11. )

x
y
3 2 + 4 2 = 70

2 x 70 + 3 2 x = 62

y
x
4 2 = 70 3 2

; 2x 8 + 3 2x = 0 ;

4 2 x = 8 ; 2 x = 2 ; x = 1 ; 4 2 y = 70 3 2 ; 2 y = 16 ; y = 4. : x = 1, y = 4.
x
y
3 + 3 3 = 54

x
x
3 + 4 3 81 = 54

x
y
x
y
4 3 3 3 = 81 4 3 81 = 3 3

; 5 3x = 135 ; 3x = 127 ; x = 3 ;

3 3 y = 4 3 y 81 ; 3 y = 9 ; y = 2 . : x = 3, y = 2.
x
y
4 + 3 4 = 28
; 41+ y + 3 4 y = 28 ; 4 4 y + 3 4 y = 28 ; 4 y = 4 ; y = 1 ;
x y = 1

2.5.B12. )

x = 1 + y x = 2 . : x = 2, y = 1.
3x 4 3 y = 69 3+ y
; 3 4 3 y = 69 ; 27 3 y 4 3 y = 69 ;
)
x y = 3

3 y = 3 ; y = 1 ; x = 3 + y x = 4 . : x = 4, y = 1.

.
2

3
6 x 18
= 2 2 ; 26 x 18 3 = 2 2 ;
2.5.C01. ) 0,125 43 x 9 =
; 2 2
8

113

5
7
1
x ; x = 21 ; x = 3 ; x = 6 .
2
2
2
x
3
x
17
3

2
) 0, 25 45 x 16 =
; 210 x 32 2 = 2 2 ; 10 x 34 = x ;
x = 34 ; x = 4 .

2
2
4

6 x 21 =

2.5.C02. ) 43 x
2
2

3 x2 + x

3x + x

+x

28 = 3 8

1
x2 + x
3

; 3 23 x

+x

+ 26 x

+2x

28 = 0 .

= t , t + 3t 28 = 0 ; t1 = 7, t2 = 4

3 x2 + x

= 4 ; 23 x + x = 22 ; 3x 2 + x 2 = 0 ; D = 1 + 24 = 25 ;
1 5
2
; x1 = 1 , x2 = .
x=
6
3

) 92 x

+2x

15 = 2 9

1
x + x
9 2
2

1
x2 + x
2

1
x2 + x
2

; 92 x

+x

+ 29

1
x2 + x
2

15 = 0 .

= t , t 2 + 2t 15 = 0 ; t1 = 5, t2 = 3 ;
1
x2 + x
2

= 32 x
1
2 x 2 + x 1 = 0 ; D = 1 + 8 = 9 ; x1 = 1, x2 = ;
2

5 ; 9

+x

= 31 ;

1
t

2.5.C03. ) 52 x + 52 x = 2 . 52 x = t > 0 ; t + = 2 ; t 2 2t + 1 = 0 ;
t1 = t2 = 1 ; 52 x = 50 ; 2 x = 0 ; x = 0 .
1
t

) 62 x + 62 x = 2 ; 62 x = t ; t + = 2 ; t 2 2t + 1 = 0 ; t = 1 ; x = 0 .
2.5.C04. ) 8x 1 6 8 x + 2 2 = 0 ; 8x-1-488-x+1-2=0; 8x-1=t>0; t-

48
-2=0;
t

t2-2t-48=0; t1=8, t2=-; 8x-1 8; 8x-1=81; x-1=1; x=2.


) 3x+5-63-x-4+3=0; 3x+5-183x-5+3=0; 3x+5=t>0; t-

18
+3=0; t2+3t-18=0;
t

t1=3, t2=-6; 3x+5 6; 3x+5=31; x+5=1; x=-4.


2.5.C05. ) 9x-24 3
32x33x-

24
3 3
8
3

x
32

x 3
2

x 3

=33-x; 32x-24 3 2

-33-x=0;

-33-x=0; 3x 0 ;

31,5x-3=0; 31,5x=t; t2-

8
3

t-3=0; D=

10 2
64
100
=(
);
+ 12(3 =
3
3
3

8 10
+
3 =3 3 , t = 4 5 =- 1 <0, t 3x; 31,5x=31,5 ; x=1.
t1= 3
2
2
2
3
3
3
x

) 16 -31
114

3x 5
2 2

3x

-x

4x

=2 ;2 -

31 2 2
4 2

-2-x=0;

5x

5x

31
961 + 128
33 2
t -1=0; D=
=(
) ;
32
32
4 2
4 2
31
33
5x
1
+
4
2
4
2 = 8 = 4 2 ; 2 2 = 22 2 ; x=1.
t1=
2
2
31

25x-

2 2 -1=0; 2 2 = t > 0 ; t2-

645 3 x = 3 168 + x ; 215-9x= 2 3

2.5.C06. )

31
13
13
x= ; x= .
3
3
31
279 5 x = 3 97 + x ; 3

27 15 x
2

14 + 2 x
3

=3

(8 + x )

; 15-9x=

4
4
8+ x
3
3

; 81-45x=28+4x; 49x=53; x=

53
.
49

2.5.C07.
)

1
4x
4 x + 24 4 x (4 x + 3)
= x
;
=0;
(4 x + 3)(4 x + 24)
4 + 3 4 + 24
x

42x+24x-24=0; 4x=t>0; t2+2t-24=0; t1=4, t2=-6;


4x 6; 4x=4, x=1.
)

1
3x
=
; 3x+18=32x+43x; 32x+33x-18=0; 3x=t>0;
3x + 4 3x + 18

t1=3, t2=-6; 3x 6; 3x=3, x=1.


2.5.C08.
x

a)

1 1
2 1 2
2
x
; 5 + 5 x = 0 ;

+5 =
5 5
25 5
25

255-x+5 5
1
5

t1= , t2=-

x
2

-2=0; 5

x
2

= t > 0 ; 25t2+5t-2=0; t2+

t 2
=0;
5 25

2
2
x
; 5 2 - ; 5 2 = 51 ; = 1 ; x=2.
5
5
2

4 1
1 -x 4 2 1
1
2 4
x
2

+ 6 = ; 6 + 6 - =0; 6 = t > 0 ; t + t = 0 ;
3 6
4
3
4
3 4
4 5
+
1
16
25
3
3
; t1= 3 3 = ; t2=- ; 6-x - ;
D= + 1 =
2
6
9
9
2
2

x
2

= 61 ;

x
= 1 ; x=2.
2

4 x 5 y = 20
2.5.C09. x y 1
;
16 5 = 16

5-y=

4 x 5 y = 20
;
2 x y 1
4 5 = 16

x 20
4 = 5 y
400 y
;
5 = 16 ;
2
5
20 5 y 1 = 16
52 y

16 1 -y -1
20
= ; 5 =5 ; y=1; 4x=
= 4 ; x=1. : x=1, y=1.
80 5
5

115

y 10
2 = 5 x
10
; 5x=5; x=1; 2y= ; y=1. : x=1, y=1.
2x
5

5
10

= 25
5 x 2

x
y
5 2 = 10
) x y 1
;
25 2 = 25

64
y
x
y
2 2 = 12 y 2 = 12
; 2
;
x + y = 6
x = 6 y

2.5.C10. a)

22y+122y-64=0; 2y=t; t2+12t-64=0; t1=4, t2=-16;


2y 16; 2y=4; y=2; x=6-2=4. : x=4,y=2.
35
x
y
3 3 = 78 y 3 y = 78 2y
; 3
; 3 -783y-243=0; 3y=t>0; t2-78t-243=0; t1=-3,
x + y = 5
x = 5 y

t2=81; 3y=81; y=4; x=5-4=1. : x=1, y=4.


2 x +1 3 y + 2 = 2 2 x +1 3x = 2 -x x
;
; 2 =3 ; x=0; y=-2.
y = x 2
x y = 2

2.5.C11. a)

: x = 0, y = 2.
x +3
y 3
x +3
x+2
3 2 = 3 3 2 = 3
;
;
y = x + 5
x y = 5

3x+2=2-x-2; x+2=0; x=-2; y=3. : x = 2, y = 3.


2.5.C12. ) 32x+1=27+533x+32x; 32x(3-1)-533x-27=0;
232x-533x-27=0; 3x=t>0; 2t2-53t-27=0; D=2809+827=(55)2;
t=

53 55
53 + 55
1
; t1=
=27, t2=- 3x; 3x=27;x=3.
4
4
2

) 52x+1=25+745x+252x; 352x-745x-25=0; 5x=t>0;


74 76
1
= 5x; t2=25; 5x=25; x=2.
6
3

D=5476+300=5776=(76)2; t1=
D.
2.5.D01 a) 121 13x
121 13

x 9

11(11 13
11 13x

) 169 8 x
13(13 8
13 8

-143 11

x 6

x2 6

-13 11x

-13 11
2

-8 13x

-8 13

-8 13

)=13(13 11
2

10
2

)=8(8 13
x2 7
2

= 11x

6
2

13

-11 13x

x 9

x2 9

);

; x2-10=0; x= 10 .

-13 8

x2 7

-11 13

10

-13 8 x

x 6

-143 13
x2 9

=64 13x

=0; 8

=169 11x

x 9

=0; 13x

x 6

x2 6
2

=169 11

x2 9

-13 11x
2

x 9

x2 9

x2 6

);

= 0 ; x -7=0; x= 7 .
2

2.5.D02. a) 81+ x 8 81- x = 56 ; 64 81+ x -8 81 x =56;


2
64
3t = 56 ; t2+7t-8=0; t1=1, t2=-8 8 x +1 ;
t

8 x

+1

=t >0;

8 x

+1

= 80 ; x2-1=0; x= 1 .

116

) 51+ x -5 51 x =20; 25 51+ x -5 51 x =20; 51 x =t>0.


2
2
25
5t = 20 ; t2+4t-5=0; t1=1, t2=-5 51 x ; 51 x =50; x2=1; x= 1.
t

x +3

2.5.D03. a) 252
5

2 x +3

+ 5 = 0 ; 54

=t>0; t -6t+5=0; t1=5, t2=1; 5

1
3
x+3= ; x1=-2 ; 52
4
4

) 9

x +3

6 52

x2

x1=3; 3

-4 3

x2

x2

x +3

2 x +3

x +3

x +3

6 52

+5 = 0 ;

=5 ; 2 x + 3 =1;
3
4

=5 ; x+3=0; x2=-3. : x1 = 2 , x2 = 3.

+3=0; 3

x2

=t>0; t2-4t+3=0; t1=3, t2=1; 3

x2

=31;

x 2 =1;

=3 ; x-2=0;x2=2. : x1 = 3, x2 = 2.

4 y 1
4 y 1
y +3
x 4 y 1 = 8 x 3 = 2
4 y 1 y + 3
2.4.D04. a) y + 3
; y +3
; x 3 =x 4 ;
;
=
3
4
= 16 4
x
=2
x

16y-4=3y+9; 13y=13; y=1; x4-1=8; x=2. : x = 2, y = 1.

3 y 11
3 11
y
3
11
x2 2 = 4
; x 2 2 = x y 3 ; y = y 3 ;

2
2
x y 3 = 4

3 y 11
= 16
x
) y 3
;
=4
x

3y-2y=-6+11; y=5; x2=4; x=2. : x = 2, y = 5.


x+2
x 2
2x4
x + 2 0,5 y
26 3x + 2 4,5 0,5 x = 3 x + 2
3
=3
2.5.D05. a) 9 26 3
;
;
y = 9 + x
y x = 9
|3-2+x;
32x-4-2630,5x-2,5-3-x+2=0
32x-4-

26

31,5x-3-1=0; 31,5x-3=t>0; t2-

26

t-1=0;

3 3
26
28
+
2
676 + 4 27 784 28
3
3
3
3 = 54 ; 0>t 31,5x-3;
D=
=
=
2
; t1=
2
27
27 3 3
23 3
27
1,5x-3
1,5x-3
1,5

3 3

3 3

;3

=3 ; 1,5x-3=1,5; x=3; y=12. : x = 3, y = 12.

x 1
x +1 0,5 y
= 4 x +1 42 x 2 + 63 40,5 x 2 = 4 x +1
16 + 63 4
;
;
y x = 6
y = 6 + x

43x-3+6341,5x-3-1=0; 43x+6341,5x-64=0; 41,5x=t>0; t2+63t-64=0;


t1=1, t2=-64 41,5x; 41,5x=40; x=0; y=6. : x = 0, y = 6.
2.5.D06. a) 25
25

49

3
x

5
+
7

3
x

3
x

+ 35

3
x

= 49

3
x

3
x

5
1 = 0 ;
7

1 + 5
5
, 0>t2
t1=
2
7

3
x

. 49

3
x

= t > 0 ; t2+t-1=0; D=1+4=5;

5
;
7

3
x

5 1
3
5 1
; = log 5
; x=
2
x
2
7

3
log 5
7

5 1
2

117

) 49 x 42 x = 3 36 x . 36 x ;
6

7 x 7 x
7 x
2
3 = 0 ; = t > 0 ; t -t-3=0; D=1+12;
6 6
6
3

1 + 13
1 + 13
1 + 13 6
7 x 7 x 1 + 13 3
t1=
, 0>t2 ; =
; = log 7
; x = 3log
.
6
6
2
2
2
x
2

6
2
3
2.5.D07. a) 24( x + 3) = 2 4( x + 4)( x + 2) ;
2
2
2
3
1
3
4( x + 3)2
2( x + 4)( x + 2)
2
+ 22
= ; 24( x + 3) + 22( x + 3) = 0 ;
2
2
2
2
3
3
2 1
2( x + 3)2
2( x + 3)2
2
= t > 0 ; t + t - =0; t1=1, t=- 2
; 22( x + 3) = 20 ;
2 2
2

2(x+3)2=0; x=3.

2
2
4
1
4
3 9( x + 3)( x +1) ; 34( x + 2) + 32( x + 2) = 0 ;
3
3
3
4
4
2 1
2( x + 2)2
= t > 0 ; t + t = 0 ; t1=1, t2= 3
;
3 3
3
2

) 34( x + 2) =
32( x + 2)

2(x+2)2=0; x+2=0; x=-2.


2.5.D08.
x

27 4

x +1

3

2

x2

3x

a)
8 9

lg 27 3 3
;
lg 9 2 2

2 x 2

= log9 27 = 1,5 ;

3
; x-2=1; x=3.
2

9 8

x +1

)
4 27

lg 64 3
;
lg16 2

2.5.D09. a) 4x-13 3

1
2

=3

x+

1
2

2 x 3x 3

3
; -x-3=1; x=-4.
2

-7 22 x 1 ; 22x+
1

7 2x
3x
2 = 3 (3x+13 );
2
3
1

x2
x2
4x
3x
9 2x
16
1
1
2 = 3 3x;
=
; 4 2 = 3 2 ; x-2 =0; x=2 .
2 16 9 3
2
3
2
2

) 9x-2 7
1 2x
3 =
39

1
2

=7
1

7 7

x+

1
2

4 32 x 1 ; 32x+

7x ; 9

3
2

=7

22 x 3 y = 17

2.5.D10. a)

y
2 x 3 2

= 1

22x=16; x=3; 3 2 = 8 + 1 ;
118

3
2

4 2x
2
3 = 7 (7x+ 7 x );
3
7

; x-

3
3
=0; x= .
2
2

22 x 22 x 2 2 x 1 = 17

3 2 = 2 x + 1

y
= 2 ; y=4. : x = 3, y = 4.
2

32 x 5 y = 16

y
3x 5 2

y
52

= 2

32 x 32 x 4 3x 4 = 16

5 2 = 2 + 3x

; 3x=3; x=1;

y
=1; y=2. : x = 1, y = 2.
2
2
2
2
1 2
2.5.D11. a) 9sin x + 72 = 3( )cos x 3 ; 32 sin x 34 cos x + 72 = 0 ;
3

= 2+3;

32 sin x 9 32 sin x + 72 = 0 ; 8 32 sin x = 72 ; 32 sin x = 32 ; sin2x=1;


sin x = 1

sin x = 1 ; x= + k , k Z.
2

2
2
1 2
sin 2 x
+ 12 = 4( )cos x 2 ; 22 sin x 24 cos x + 12 = 0 ;
) 4
2
22 sin

8 2sin

sin 2 x

+ 12 = 0 ; 2sin

= t > 0 ; t2-8t+12=0; t1=6, t2=2;

= 6 ; sin x=log26 , .. log26>1;

2sin x = 2 ; sin2x=1; x= + k , k .
2
7 x 2 7 x 5
= ; 9(7x-27-x)=5(7x+27-x);
2.5.D12. a) x
7 + 2 7 x 9
1
47x=(10+18) 7-x; 7x=7-x+1; 72x-1=1; 2x-1=0; x= .
2
1
5 x 2 5 x 3
x
-x
x
-x
x
) x
= ; 7(5 -25 )=3(5 +25 ); 45 =205-x; 52x-1=1; x= .
2
5 + 2 5 x 7
2

6.
.
2.6.A01 a) log5(x-3)=2; (x-3)=52; x-3=25; x=28. : x=28.
) log3(x+1)=4; x+1=34; x+1=81; x=80. : x=80.
2.6.A02 a) log4(3x-4)=log4(x+1); 3x-4=x+1; 2x=5; x=2,5. : x=2,5.
) log2(5x+4)=log2(x+5); 5x+4=x+5; 4x=1; x=

1
1
. : x= .
4
4

2.6.A03 a) log2(x2-2x+8)=4; x2-2x+8=16; x2-2x-8=0; x1=-2, x2=4.


: x1=-2, x2=4.
) log4(x2+2x+49)=3; x2+2x+49=43; x2+2x-15=0; x1=3, x2=-5.
: x1=3, x2=-5.
log3 ( x + y ) = 4 x + y = 81
;
.
x y = 85
x y = 85

2.6.A04. a)

(2) (1): 2y=-4, y=-2; x=81-y x=83. : x=83, y=-2.


log 2 ( x + y ) = 6
;
x y = 60

6
x + y = 2 x + y = 64
;
.

x y = 60 x y = 60

2y=4 y=2;
x=64-y x = 64 2 = 62 . : x=62,y=2.
119

log 6 (3x y ) = 2
;
log18 (6 x + y ) = 1

2.6.A05. a)

3x y = 36
.

6 x + y = 18

. : 9x=54; x=6; y=18-6x;


y=-18. : x=6,y=-18.
log 7 (2 x y ) = 2 2 x y = 49
;
;
log14 (7 x + y ) = 1 7 x + y = 14

: 9x=63; x=7; y=14-7x; y=14-77;


y=-35. : x=7,y=-35.
2.6.A06. a) log2(5x-73)-2=log23; log2(5x-73)-log24=log23; log2 5 x 73 =log23;
4

5 x 73
= 3 ; 5x-73=12; x=17. : x=17.
4

) log5(9x-124)-1=log54; log5(9x-124)-log55=log54; log5 9 x 124 =log54;


5

9x-124=20; 9x=144; x=16. : x=16.


.
2.6.B01. a) log7x2+log7x4+log7x5=log7x(x+33); log7x40-log7x(x+33)=0;
log7x 40 =0;
x + 33

40
= 1 x+33=40; x=7. : x=7.
x + 33

) log4x2+log4x4+log4x6=log4x(x+44); log4x48=log4x(x+44);
x+44=48; x=4. : x=4.
2.6.B02.
log x 3 y = 13 log 2 x = 13 + 3 y
;
a) 2

3log 2 x + y = 1 3(13 + 3 y ) + y = 1

39+9y+y=-1; 10y=-40; y=-4; log2x=13-12; log2x=1; x=2. : x=2,y=-4.


log 6 x 2 y = 3
;
2log 6 x + y = 1

log 6 x = 3 + 2 y
;

2(3 + 2 y ) + y = 1

6+4y+y=1; 5y=-5; y=-1; log6x=3-2; log6x=1; x=6. : x=6,y=-1.


log 2 x + log 2 y = 5 log 2 x y = 5 x y = 32
;
;
;
x 3 y = 20
x 3 y = 20 x = 20 + 3 y
20 28
; y1=8,
(3y-20)y=32; 3y2-20y-32=0; D=400+4332=282; y=
6
4
y2=- - ; xy=32 x=4.
3

2.5.B03. a)

: x=4,y=8.
log3 x + log3 y = 3 log3 x y = 3 x y = 27
;
;
;
x y = 6
x y = 6
x y = 6
6 12
; y1=9,
(y-6)y=27 y2-6y-27=0; D=36+427=122; y=
2

y2=-3 ; xy=27 x=3.


: x=3,y=9.
120

5log 1 x + 3log 2 y = 11

2
;
2.6.B04. a)
4log 1 x + log 2 y = 13

2
5log 1 x 39 12log 1 x = 11 ; 7 log 1
2

5log 1 x + 3(13 4log 1 x) = 11

2
2
;

log 2 y = 13 4log 1 x

2
x = 28 ; log 1 x = 4 ;

1
x=( )-4= x=16; log2y=-13+44; log2y=3 y=8. : x=16,y=8.
2
3log 1 x log5 y = 13 3log 1 x + 13 = log5 y

2
2
)
;
;
+
=

x
y
2log
3log
5
1
5

2log 1 x + 3(3log 1 x + 13) = 5

2
2
2
-4
2 log 1 x + 9 log 1 x + 39 = 5 ; 11log 1 x = 44 ; log 1 x = 4 , x=( 1 ) ;
2

x=2 =16; log5y=3(-4)+13; log5y=1 y=5. : x=16,y=5.


4

log 1 (8 x 3 y ) = 1 8 x 3 y = 5

5
;
;
log 2 (2 x + 3 y ) = 2 2 x + 3 y = 4
9
18
: 10x=9; x= ; 3y=4-2x; 3y=410
10
22
11
11
, y = . : x=0,9, y = .
3y =
10
15
15
log 1 (9 x + 2 y ) = 3 9 x + 2 y = 8
5

;
; 6x=5; x= ;
) 2
+
=
x
y
3
2
3
6

log3 (3x + 2 y ) = 1

2.6.B05. a)

15
5
1
; 2y=0,5; y=0,25. : x= ,y= .
6
6
4
2.6.B06. a) log 5 x 3 32 = 5 ; |5x-3|5=25; |5x-3|=2;

2y=3-3x; 2y=3-

5 x = 5 x = 1
5 x 3 = 2
1

1 . : x1= ,x2=1.
5 x 3 = 2 ;
5
5
1
x
x
=

) log|2x+13|27=3; |2x+13|3=33; |2x+13|=3;


2 x + 13 = 3
2 x = 10 x = 5
2 x + 13 = 3 ; 2 x = 16 x = 8 . : x1 = 5, x2 = 8.

2.6.B07. a) log6(x2-3x+32)=2; x2-3x+32=36; x2-3x-4=0; x1=4, x2=1.


: x1=4,x2=1.
) log3(x2+7x+37)=3; x2+7x+37=27; x2+7x+10=0; x1=-5, x2=-2.
: x1=-5, x2=-2.
2.6.B08. a) log (3x + 2 x 3) = x ; 3x+2x-3=3x; x=1,5.
1
: x=1,5.

121

) log 1 (73 x 5 x 7) = 3x ; 73x-5x-7=73x; -5x=7; x= 7 . : x= 7 .


5

2.6.B09. a) log3(x2+5x+5)=log3(x2-x+5); x2+5x+5=x2-x+5; 6x=0; x=0. : x=0.


) log7(x2-3x+3)=log7(x2+x+3); x2-3x+3=x2+x+3; -4x=0; x=0. : x=0.
2

2.6.B10. a) 2log2 (3 x ) = x + 24 ; 3x2+x-24=0; D=1+4324=172;

1 17
; x1=-3, x2=2 2 . : x1=-3, x2=2 2 .
3
3
6
2
) 5log5 (2 x ) = 13x 21 ; 2x2-13x+21=0; D=169-4221=1;
x= 13 1 ; x1=3, x2=3,5. : x1=3, x2=3,5.
4
5 x = 25 x = 5
2 5 x = 27
;
.
2.6.B11. a) log 1 | 2 5 x | =-3; |2-5x|=27;

2
5
x
27
5 x = 29 x = 29

x=

: x1=5, x2= 29 .
5

5 x = 15; x = 3
.
5 x = 23; x = 23

19 5 x = 4

) log 1 | 19 5 x |= 2 ; |19-5x|=4;
;
19 5 x = 4

23
.
5
2.6.B12. a) log 1 ( x 2 6 x + 22) = log 1 (6 x 5) ; x2-6x+22=6x-5;

: x1=3, x2=
5

x -12x+27=0; D=144-427=36; x=

12 6
; x1 = 3, x2=9. : x1=3,x2=9.
2

) log ( x 2 9 x + 52) = log (5 x + 4) ; x2-9x+52=5x+4;


1
1
3

x -14x+48=0; D=14 -448=4; x=

14 2
; x1 = 6, x2=8.
2

: x1=6,x2=8.

log 2 ( x + 1) = 64 2 y

2.6.C1. a)

+ log 2 ( x + 1) = 16

log 2 ( x + 1) = 26 + y

log2 ( x +1) = 26+ y

+ log 2 ( x + 1) = 16 2 y + 64 2 y = 16

2-y;
2-2y-162-y+64=0; (2-y-8)2=0; 2-y=8; -y=3; y=-3; log2(x+1)=23; x+1=28;
x+1=256; x=255. : x = 255, y = 3.
log3 ( x 2) = 25 5 y

y
log3 ( x 2) = 25 5

+ log3 ( x 2) = 10 5 y + 25 5 y = 10

5-2y-105-y+25=0; (5-y-5)2=0; -y=1; y=-1;


log3(x-2)=5; x-2=35; x=243+2=245. : x = 245, y = 1.
2.6.C02. a) log2,1 16 5x =log2,1(2x-5);
16 5 x =2x-5; 16-5x=4x2-20x+25; 4x2-15x+9=0;

122

; -

16 5 x 0
15 9
3
; x1=3, x2= .
;
D=225-169=9 ; x=
8
4
2 x 5 0
2

x 3 5
.

x 2 1

, x2 . : x=3.
) log1,4 18 + 11x =log1,4(2x-9);
18 + 11x =2x-9; 11x-18=4x2-36x+81; 4x2-47x+99=0;
47 25 11
18
D=2209-1699=252; x1=
= , x2=9; 11x-18 0; x ; 2x-9 0;
8
4
11
1
x 4 . , x1 .
2

: x=9.
2.6.C03. a) 3log82(3x+79)-14log8(3x+79)+16=0; log8(3x+79)=t; 3t2-14t+16=0;
D=196-1216=4; t1=

14 2
8
= 2 , t2= ;
3
6

log8(3x+79)=2; 3x+79=64; x=-5;


8

8
3

log8(3x+79)= ; 3x+79= 83 = 28, x=

256 79
, x = 59. : x = 5, x = 59.
3

) 3log82(5x+89)-16log8(5x+89)+20=0; log8(5x+89)=t; 3t2-16t+20=0;


D=256-240=16; t1=

16 4
10
= 2 , t2=
;
3
6

log8(5x+89)=2; 5x+89=64; 5x=-25; x=-5;


10

log8(5x+89)=

10
210 89
; 5x= 8 3 -89; x=
, x = 187. : x = 5, x = 187.
3
5

2.6.C04. a) lg(x+3)=-lg(2x+5); lg[(x+3)(2x+5)]=0; (x+3)(2x+5)=1;


2x2+11x+14=0; D=121 4214 = 9; x = 11 3 , x1=2, x2= 7 ;
2
4
x > 3
x + 3 > 0

5 , x2 . : x = 2.
2 x + 5 > 0 x >

) lg(x+8)=-lg(3x+22); (x+8)(3x+22)=1; 3x2+46x+175=0;


D=21162100=16; x1,2= 46 4 ; x1 = 7, x2 = 25 ; x+8>0; x>-8;
3x+22>0; x>-

6
3
22
. , x2 . : x=7.
3

2.6.C05.
a) 2log2x+log8x-log16x=

25
1
1
25
; 2log2x+ log2x- log2x=
;
3
3
4
3

24 + 1
25
log2x=
; log2x=4; x=16.
12
3
17
1
1
17
) 2log3x+log9x+log27x= ; 2log3x+ log3x+ log3x= ;
2
2
3
2

123

12 + 5
17
log3x= ; log3x=3; x=27.
6
2

2.6.C06.
1
6

a) log 1 (1 + 3x) = 6 7log7 4 ; log 1 (1 + 3x) = 6 4 ; 1+3x= ; x=


6

) log 1 (3 + 2 x) = 8 5log5 4 ; log 1 (3 + 2 x) = 8 4 = 4 ; (3+2x)=


2

2
2

5
.
18

1
11
; x=- .
4
8

x + 3 1 x 2
;
;
x + 3 > 0 x > 3

2.6.C07. a) ( x + 3)log x+3 ( x + 2) = 9 ;

(x+2)2=9; x+2=3; x=1, x=-5 . : x=1.


2

x + 2 1 x 1
;
;
x + 2 > 0 x > 2

) ( x + 2)log x+2 ( x +1) = 16 ;

(x + 1)2 = 16, x + 1 = 4, x1 = 3, x2 = 5 . : x = 3.
2.6.C08.
log5 x + log 2 y 4 = 13
log x + 4log 2 y = 13

a) log x 4 + log y = 1 ; 5
;
5
1
4log 5 x log 2 y = 1

17log5x=17; log5x=1; x=5; 4-log2y=1; log2y=3; y=8. : x = 5, y = 8.


log 2 x + log 6 y 3 = 7

log 2 x + 3log 6 y = 7
;
; 10log2x=40; log2x=4; x=16;
log 2 x3 + log 1 y = 11 3log 2 x log 6 y = 11

12-log6y=11; log6y=1; y=6. : x = 16, y = 6.


2.6.C09.

19
19
x+ > 0
x>
19
5
4
a) ln(x+ )=ln
;
;
4 ;

4
4x 5
x>0
>
0

4 x
19 5
x+ =
; 4x2+19x-5=0; D=361+80=212;
4 4x
19 + 21 1
19 21
1
x1=
x2=
= 5 . : x = .
=
8
4
8
4
14
14
x > 0
x>
14
5
14
3
;
;
) ln(x- )=ln ;
3 ; x>

3
3x 5
3
x
>
0
>
0

3 x
14 5
; 3x2-14x-5=0; D=196+60=162;
x =
3 3x
14 + 16
14 16
1
x1=
= - . : x=5.
= 5 , x2=
6
6
3

2.6.C10. a) log7(x+9)+log7(5x+17)=2; log7(x+9)(5x+17)=log749.


124

x > 9

x + 9 > 0
2
:
;
17 ; x>-3 ;
5
5 x + 17 > 0 x >

(x+9)(5x+17)=49; 5x2+62x+104=0; D=3844-2080=1764=422;


x1=

62 + 42
62 42
= 2 ; x2=
= 10, 4 - .
10
10

: x=-2.
) log3(x+4)+log3(5x+8)=2.
x > 4

x + 4 > 0
3
:
;
3 ; x>-1 ;
5
5 x + 8 > 0 x > 1

log3(x+4)(5x+8)=log39; 5x2+28x+32-9=0; 5x2+28x+23=0;


D=784-460=324=182; x1=

28 18
28 + 18
= 1 .
= 4,6 , x2 =
10
10

: x=-1.
log 3 3 x + log 3 3 y = 3 x > 0
;
; x+y=4; x=4-y; log 3 3 (4 y ) y = log 3 3 3 ;
log 2 ( x + y ) = 2
y > 0

2.6.C11. a)

y1 = 1
y = 3
2
.
x
3
=
1
x2 = 1

4y-y2=3; y2-4y+3=0;

: x1=3, y1=1; x2=1, y2=3.


log 4 2 x + log 4 2 y = 4 x > 0
;
; x+y=3; y=3-x; log 4 2 x(3 x) = log 4 2 2 ;
log 3 ( x + y ) = 1
y > 0

x = 2
x1 = 1
2
. : x1 = 1, y1 = 2; x2 = 2, y2 = 1.
y
=
2
1
y2 = 1

x2-3x+2=0;

2.6.C12. a) log3x+17(3x2+2)=log3x+17110.
3x + 17 > 0

: 3x + 17 1 ;
2
3 x + 2 > 0

17

x > 3
;

x 16

log3x+17(3x2+2)=log3x+17110; 3x2+2=110; 3x2-108=0; x2-36=0; x= 6;


x=-6 . : x=6.
) log3x+8(2x2+3)=log3x+835
3 x + 8 > 0

D: 3x + 8 1 ;
2
2 x + 3 > 0

x > 3
;

x 7

2x2+3=35; 2x2-32=0; x2-16=0; x= 4; x=-4 D. : x=4.


D
2.6.D01. a) log8log9log7x+6((7x+6)9+x2-x-56)=0; log9log7x+6((7x+6)9+x2-x-56)=1;
log7x+6((7x+6)9+x2-x-56)=9; (7x+6)9=(7x+6)9+x2-x-56;
125

x2-x-56=0; D=1+456=225; x=

1 15
; x1=8,
2

x2=-7 .
: x=8.
) log6log7log3x+14((3x+14)7+x27x30=0
log7log3x+14((3x+14)7+x27x30)=1
log3x+14((3x+14)7+x27x30)=7
x 2 7 x 30 = 0 x = 10, x = 3

1 3x + 14 > 0 1 3x + 14 > 0

: 3; 10.
2.6.D02. a) log2003(2x3+x2+4x-34)=log2003(2x3-x+2);
2x3+x2+4x-34=2x3-x+2; x2+5x-36=0; D=25+436=132; x=

5 13
8
; x1= = 4 ,
2
2

x2=-9 .
: x=4.
) log2002(2x3+x2-x-48)=log2002(2x3+3x-3); 2x3+x2-x-48=2x3+3x-3;
x2-4x-45=0; D=16+445=142; x=

4 14
; x1=9,
2

x2=-5 . : x=9.
2.6.D03. a) log ( x + 3)2 ( x3 9 x 2 10 x) = log x + 3 x3 10 x 2 x + 22 ;
log ( x + 3)2 ( x3 9 x 2 10 x) = 2 log ( x + 3)2

x3 10 x 2 x + 22 ;

x3-9x2-10x=x3-10x2-x+22; x2-9x-22=0; D=81+422=132; x=

9 13
; x1=11, x2=-2
2

. : x=11.
) log ( x + 6)2 ( x3 + 3x 2 4 x) = log x + 6 x3 + 2 x 2 7 x + 10 ;
log ( x + 6)2 ( x3 + 3x 2 4 x) = 2 log ( x + 6)2

x3 + 2 x 2 7 x + 10 ;

x3+3x2-4x=x3+2x2-7x+10; x2+3x-10=0; D=9+410=49;


x=

3 7
; x1=-5 . x2=2.
2

: x=2.
y2
=0
lg
x3
;
log ( x 2 + y 2 + 23) = 2
6

2.6.D04. a)

y2
=1

;
x3
x 2 + y 2 + 23 = 36

y = x 3 + 2
; x2+(x-1)2=13; x2+x2-2x+1=13; 2x2-2x-12=0;
2
2
x + ( x 1) + 23 = 36

x2-x-6=0; D=1+46=25; x=

1 5
; x1=3 2

, .. x-3 0, x2 = 2; y=x-1 y=-3. : x=-2,y=-3.


126

y +1
=0
lg

y +1
=1

) x 5

log ( x + y + 38) = 3
4
2

x 2 + y 2 + 38 = 64

y = x 6
;
2
2
x + ( x 6) = 26

x +x -12x+36=26; 2x -12x+10=0; x2-6x+5=0; D=36-45=16;


x=

; x5

64
; x1=5 , ..
2

x-5 0; x2=1; y=x-6 y=-5. : x=1, y=-5.


log 2 ( y x) = 4

2.6.D05. a)

2 3 = 486

y x = 4
;
x
4+ x
2 3 = 486

2x343x=486; 812x3x=486; 6x=6 x=1; y-x=4 y=5.


: x=1, y=5.
log 3 ( y x) = 2

3 4 = 768

y x = 3
;
x
(3 + x )
= 768
3 4

3x434x=768; 12x=12 x=1; y=3+x y=4.


: x=1, y=4.
2.6.D06. a) log3(2x+89)+log3(x+34)=3+log320;
log3(2x+89)(x+34)=log327+log320; log3(2x2+68x+89x+3026)=log3540;
157 69
;
4

2x2+157x+2486=0; D=(157)2-422486=(69)2; x=

x1 = 22, x2 = 56,5 .
: x=22.
) log5(2x+81)+log5(x+38)=2+log521;
log5(2x+81)(x+38)=log525+log521; log5(2x2+76x+81x+3078)=log5525;
2x2+157x+2553=0; D=(157)2242553=(65)2; x=

157 65
;
4

x1=55,5 , x2=23. : x=23.


2.6.D07. a) log3(5x+1)+log5x+13=
log32 (5 x + 1)

log3 3
17
17
; log3(5x+1)+
;
=
log3 (5 x + 1) 4
4

17
log3 (5 x + 1) + 1 = 0 .
4

log3(5x+1)=t, : t2D=(

17
t+1=0;
4

17 2
289
4, 25 3, 75
) -4=
-4=3,752; t=
; t1=0,25; t2=4;
4
16
2
1

log3(5x+1)=

4
1
; 5x+1= 3 4 ; 5x= 4 3 -1; x= 351 ; log3(5x+1)=4; 5x+1=81;
4

3 1
,x2=16.
5
log 4 4
10
10
) log4(3x+1)+log3x+14= ; log4(3x+1)+
;
=
log 4 (3x + 1) 3
3
1
5

5x=80; x=16; 5x+1>0; 5x>-1; x>- . : x1=

127

10
log4(3x+1)+1=0. log4(3x+1)=t,
3
10 8

10 2
100
64
8 2
2 10
-4=
=( ) ; t= 3 3 ; t1=3,
: t - t+1=0; D=( ) -41=
3
3
9
9
3
2
2 1 1
1
t2= = . log4(3x+1)=3; 3x=63; x=21. log4(3x+1)= ; 3x+1= 3 4 ;
3 2 3
3

log42(3x+1)-

3
4 1
4 1
. : x=21, x=
.
3
3
x
x
2.6.D08. a) log 7 (3 1) + log 7 (3 2) = log 7 (3x + 23) ;

3x= 3 4 -1; x=

log 7 (3x 1)(3x 2) = log 7 (3x + 23) ; 32x-23x-3x+2=3x+23;

32x-43x-21=0. 3x=t, : t2-4t-21=0;


D=16+421=102; t=

4 10
; t1=7,
2

t2=-3 . : x=log37.
) log 3 (2 x 1) + log 3 (2 x 3) = log 3 (2 x + 69) ;
log 3 (2 x 1)(2 x 3) = log 3 (2 x + 69) ; 22x-32x-2x+3=2x+69;

22x-52x-66=0. 2x=t, : t2-5t-66=0;


D=25+466=289; t=

5 17
; t1=6 ,
2

t2=11, 2x = 11, x = log211. : x=log211.

2
= log3 2 log32 x + log x 3 ;
3
log3 x 4
2
1
4
2
; log x 3 log x 3 =
;
log x 3 log x 3 = log3 2
3
5log x 3
5
3
log3 32 5

2.6.D09. a)

2
log
5

1
2
1
log x 2 3 log x 3 = 0 ; 3logx23+10logx3+3=0; D=100-36=64;
5
3
5
1

log x 3 = 3 ; x = 27 ;

x=33
log x 3 = 3
2
8
4
8 log 2 log5 x
log x 5 = 0 ;
) log x 5 + = log5 2 log8 x + log x 5 ; log x 5 + 5
3
9
log5 8
3
9
1
8 1
1
1
8
1
log x 5 +
=0
|logx5; log x 2 5 + log x 5 = 0 ;
3
9 3 log x 5
3
9
3

x = 125
.
x = 1
3
5

log 5 =
3logx25+8logx5-3=0; D = 64 + 36 = 100; x
3 ;

log x 5 = 3

2.6.D10. a) log8(x+6)2+log8(x+4)2=
128

2
;
log3 8

log8(x+6)2+log8(x+4)2=2log83; log8(x+6)2+log8(x+4)2=log89;
(x+6)2(x+4)2=9; ((x+6)(x+4))2=32; x2+4x+6x+24=-3 x2+10x+24=3;
x2+10x+27=0; D=100-427<0; ;
x2+10x+21=0; D=100-421=16; x=

10 4
; x1=7, x2=3.
2

: x1=7, x2=3.
) log7(x+4)2+log7(x+3)2=

2
; log7(x+4)2+log7(x+3)2=2log72;
log 2 7

((x+4)(x+3))2=22; (x+4)(x+3)=2 (x+4)(x+3)=-2; x2+3x+4x+12-2=0;


x2+7x+10=0; D=49-40=9; x=

7 3
; x1=-5, x2=-2; x2+3x+4x+12+2=0;
2

x2+7x+14=0; D=49-414<0; .
: x=-2, x=-5.
2.6.D11. a) log 2 (ln x3 2) + log 2 (ln x5 4) = 0 ;
3

log 2 ((ln x3 2)(ln x5 4)) = 0 ; (lnx3-2)(lnx5-4)=1; lnx3=3lnx;


3

lnx5=5lnx; (3lnx-2)(5lnx-4)=1; 15ln2x-12lnx-10lnx+8-1=0;


22 8
; lnx=1 x1=e;
30
2

7
7
ln x3 2 > 0 ln x > 3
7
15
x2= e , 5
,
, x2 = e15 lnx=
15
ln x 4 > 0 ln x > 4

15ln2x-22lnx+7=0; D=222-4157=82; lnx=

. : x=e.
) log 3 (ln x3 5) + log 3 (ln x5 9) = 0 ; log 3 ((3ln x 5)(5ln x 9)) = 0 ,
4

ln x3 5 > 0 ln x >
,
5
ln x 9 > 0 ln x >

5
9
3
, ln x > ; (3lnx-5)(5lnx-9)=1;
9
5
5

15ln2x-27lnx-25lnx+45=1; 15ln2x-52lnx+44=0;
D=522-41544=2704-2640=82;
lnx=

52 8
22
; lnx=2 x1=e2; lnx=
.
30
15

: x = e2.

1
log x y + 2 log y x = 2
2.6.D12. a) 2
;
5 x y = 4

1
2
log x y + 2 log x x 2 log x y = 0
;
2
5 x y = 4

log x x
1
2 log x y + 2 log y = 2
;
x

5 x y = 4

1
2
log x y 2 log x y + 2 = 0
;
2
5 x x = 4

129

(log x y 2)2 = 0
;

5 x y = 4

log x y 2 = 0
;

5 x y = 4

-x+5 x =4; x-5 x +4=0.

y = x 2
;

2
5 x x = 4

x =t, :

53
t -5t+4=0; D=25-44=9; t=
; t1=4, x=16, y=256;
2
2

t2=1, x=1, y=1 . : x=16, y=256.


5

log x y + log y x =
2 ; x > 0, y > 0, x, y 1
3 x y = 2

1
5

log x y + log y = 2
;
x

3 x = 2 + y

5
2
5
log x y log x y + 1 = 0
2
; logxy = t; t2 t + 1 = 0; t1 = 0,5, t2 = 2;

2
9 x = 4 + y + 2 y

y = x
log x y = 0,5 y = x
;
; y = x 2
;

2
y = x
log x y = 2

3 x y = 2
y = x

3 y y 2 = 0
;

y = x 2

x 3 x + 2 = 0

y = x

y = 1

y = x2 ;

x = 2

x = 1

y = x

3 y y = 2
;

y = x 2

3 x x = 2

x = 1

y =1
. : (4, 16).
y = 16

x = 4

3.
1.
.
3.1.A01. a) (1-4x)22(1-4x);
(1 4x)(1 4x 2) 0; (1 4x)(1 4x) 0; (1 4x)(1 + 4x) 0.

1
4

1
4

1
4

1
.
4

4
3

1
.
3

: x

) (1-3x)2 5(1-3x);
(1 3x)(1 3x 5) 0, (1 3x)(4 3x) 0; (1 3x)(4 + 3x) 0;

130

4
3

1
3

: x

2
2
2
x x 20 0 x x 20 0 x x 20 0
;
;
;
x < 0
x 4 < 4 x 2 x < 0
4 x 5
1 9
x2-x-200; x2-x-20=0; D=81l x=
; x1=5, x2=-4;
.
2
x < 0

3.1.A02. a)

-4

x + 3x 10 0
;
x + 1 < 1 x

: [ 4;0 ) .

x + 3x 10 0 x + 3x 10 0 5 x 2
;
;
;

2 x < 0
x < 0
x < 0
3 7
x2+3x-10=0; D=9+410=49; x=
; x1=-5, x2=2.
2
2

: [ 5;0 ) .

3.1.A03.
x 2 + 2 x 35 < 0
x 2 + 2 x 35 < 0
;
;

1
10 x 2
x
5

2 12
2
x +2x-35=0; D=4+435=144; x=
; x1=-7, x2=5.
2
35 2 x x 2 > 0
;

5 x + 1 1 5 x

1
5

7 < x < 5

;
1

x 5

: 7; .
5

x 2 2 x 24 < 0
2
2
24 + 2 x x > 0 x 2 x 24 < 0
;
;
;
)
1
2 x + 1 1 2 x 4 x 2
x

2
2 10
2
x -2x-24=0; D=4+424=100; x=
; x1=6, x2=-4.
2
4

1
2

4 < x < 6

1
x 2

: 4; .
2

3.1.A04. a) 3(x-5)(5x+4)<2(x-5)(3x+1);
3(x-5)(5x+4)-2(x-5)(3x+1)<0; (x-5)(15x+12-6x-2)<0; (x-5)(9x+10)<0;
1
9

-1 <x<5.
+

10
9

+
x
5

: 1 ;5 .
9
131

) 3(2x-3)(7x+4)<4(2x-3)(4x-3); 3(2x-3)(7x+4)-4(2x-3)(4x-3)<0;
(2x-3)(21x+12-16x+12)<0; (2x-3)(5x+24)<0.
+

24
5

1
2

7 x + 2 4 x
3x 2

;
3.1.A05. a) x 2 5 x 1 ;

2 x 2 + 5 x 1
2
4
4

: 4 ;1 .
5 2

2
3

3
7

x 3
.

x 3

2 3

: ; .
3 7

6 x + 3 2 x
8 x 3

;
1 ;
2 4 12 6 x 3(5 3 x) 1

) x 5 3x

x
;
8

6 x 15 + 9 x 1

x
8 ;

15 x 16

x 8
. :

x 16

15

3.1.A06. a) 3x2+4x-20; D=16+423=40; x=


2
3
+

x2=- +

4 40
2
40
; x1=- ,
36
6
3

40
.
36
-

2
1
- 1
3
9

3 16
8 ; 15 .

+
-

2
1
+ 1
3
9

) 2x2-3x-10; D=9+412=17; x=
+

3
4

17
4

3
+
4

17
4

2
3

1
9

2
3

1
9

: ; 1 + 1 ; + .

3 17
3
17
3
17
; x1= +
, x2=
.
4
4
4
4
4
x

3
4

: ;

17 3
17
; + .
+

4 4
4

3.1.B01. a) x(x+9)23x2; x(x+9)2-3x20; x((x+9)2-3x)0;


1 : x<0 (x+9)2-3x>0; x2+18x+81-3x>0; x2+15x+81>0;
D=225-481<0.
, (x+9)2-3x>0 2- , (x+9)2-3x<0, x>0 . x = 0. : x = 0.
132

) x(x+7)25x2; x(x+7)2-5x20; x((x+7)2-5x)0; x(x2+14x+49-5x)0;


x(x2+9x+49)0; x2+9x+49=0; D=81-449<0, ,
x2+9x+49>0 x0, x = 0. : x = 0.
3.1.B02. a) (3x-11)2(x+2)>3(3x-11)2 : (3x-11)2>0;
x+2>3; x>1.
x=

11
. x = 2.
3

: x = 2.
) (4x-17)2(x+1)>4(4x-17)2 : (4x-17)2>0;
x+1>4;x>3. x=

17
. 4

x = 4. : x = 4.
3.1.B03. a) (x2+2x-35)(x2-7x-8)<0; x2+2x-35=0;
D=4+435>0; x1=-7, x2=5; x2-7x-8=0; D=49+48>0;
x1=8, x2=-1; (x+7)(x-5)(x-8)(x+1)<0.
+
+
+
-7

-1

: (-7;-1) (5;8).
) (x2-4x-5)(x2-9x+18)<0; x2-4x-5=0; D=16+45=36;
46
; x1=5, x2=-1; x2-9x+18=0; D=81-418=9;
2
93
x=
; x1=6, x2=3; (x-5)(x+1)(x-6)(x-3)<0.
2

x=

+
x

-1
3
5
6
3.1.B04. a) 11<x2+5x+5<19;
2
2
x + 5 x + 5 < 19 x + 5 x 14 < 0
; 2
;
2
x + 5 x + 5 > 11 x + 5 x 6 > 0

-7

-6

: (-1;3) (5;6).

( x 2)( x + 7) < 0
.

( x + 6)( x 1) > 0

: (7;6) (1;2).

) -16<x +9x+2<-12;
x 2 + 9 x + 2 < 12 x 2 + 9 x + 14 < 0
; 2
;
2
x + 9 x + 2 > 16 x + 9 x + 18 > 0

-7

-6

-3

-2

( x + 2)( x + 7) < 0
.

( x + 3)( x + 6) > 0

: (-7;-6) (-3;-2).

2
5 x > x 2
x 5 x < 0
; 2
;
3.1.B05. a) 2
25 x < 16 25 x < 16
x( x 5) < 0 0 < x < 5

; 4
4.
2 16
x
<

5 < x < 5
25

133

4
5

4
5

2
7 x > x 2 x 7 x < 0
; 2 9
;
) 2
16 x < 9 x <
16

3
4

x( x 7) < 0

3 ;
3
4 < x < 4

0 < x < 7

3.
3
4 < x < 4

2
(1 + x) 16

2.6.B06. a)

: (0;

(1 + x)2 42 0

2
(2 x 7) < 9 (2 x 7) 9 < 0

(1 + x + 4)(1 + x 4) 0
;

(2 x 7 + 3)(2 x 7 3) < 0
-5

(2 + x) 2 9
;
)
2
(2 x + 1) < 25

: [3;5 ) .

( x 1)( x + 5) 0
;

(2 x 4)(2 x + 6) < 0

( x + 5)( x 3) 0
.

( x 2)( x 5) < 0

(2 + x) 2 32 0
;

2
2
(2 x + 1) 5 < 0

(2 + x 3)(2 + x + 3) 0
;

(2 x + 1 5)(2 x + 1 + 5) < 0
5

3
).
4

( x + 5)( x 3) 0
;

(2 x 4)(2 x 10) < 0

3
4

: 0; .
5

( x 1)( x + 5) 0
.

( x 2)( x + 3) < 0

: [1; 2).

1
5 x + 1 0
x
5

x > 0
x > 0
5 x + 1 > 1 4 x

3.1.B07. a) |5x+1|>1-4x;
;
;
.
x < 2
5 x + 1 < 0
x < 1

5
5 x 1 > 1 4 x

x < 2

: (; 2) (0; +).

7
x
6

6 x + 7 0

x > 0

x > 0

+
>

6
7
7
2
x
x

;
;
) |6x+7|>7-2x;
7.
x < 7 x <
6 x + 7 < 0


6
6 x 7 > 7 2 x
7
x <

2

: (; 7 ) (0; +).
2

134

3.1.B08. a) x(x-1)212(x-1); x(x-1)2-12(x-1)0; (x-1)(x(x-1)-12)0;


(x-1)(x2-x-12)0; x2-x-12=0; D=1+412=49; x=
x2=-3; (x-1)(x-4)(x+3)0.

1 7
; x1=4,
2

+
x

: [ 3;1] [ 4; + ) .
) x(x+3) 10(x+3); x(x+3) -10(x+3)0; (x+3)(x(x+3)-10)0;
(x+3)(x2+3x-10)0; (x+3)(x+5)(x-2)0.
-3

-5

-3

: [ 5; 3] [ 2; + ) .

1
1
1
1
6
x-2)3(x2+ x+4)3; 5x2+ x-2x2+ x+4; 4x26; x2 ;
3
3
3
3
4
6
6
6
6

x
. : ;
.
2
2
2
2

3.1.B09. a) (5x2+

1
1
2
2
2
4 x + x 2 3x + x + 4 ; x 6;
6
6
1

) 4 x 2 + x 2 3x 2 + x + 4 ;
6
6

6 x 6 . : [ 6;

6] .

)(

) (

3.1.10. ) x 5 2 4 x 5 + 2 + x 5 + 2 0 ;
4x2 5 + 2 x 5 8 x 5 4 + 5x2 + 2 2 x 5 + 4 0;
20x2 6 x 5 + 5x2 + 4 x 5 0; 25x2 2 x 5 0;

x 25 x 2 5 0 .

2 5
25

)(

: 0;

) (

2 5
.
25

) x 7 3 7 x 7 + 3 + x 7 + 3 0 ;
2

7x 7 + 3x 7 21x 7 9 + x 7 + 6 x 7 + 9 0;
56x2 12 x 7 0;

14x2 3x 7 0; x 14 x 3 7 0 .

135

3 7
14

3 7
0;
.3.1.11.
14

x 2 + 2( x 3) 2 13x + 20 x 2 + 2( x 2 6 x + 9) 13x + 20
; 2
;
2
2
2
2 x > 5 x ( x + 2)
5 x ( x + 2) 2 x < 0
2
2
2
2
x + 2 x 12 x + 18 + 13x 20 0 ; 3x + x 2 0
; 3x + x 2 0 ;
2
2
x (5( x + 2) 2) < 0
x (5 x + 10 2) < 0 x 2 (5 x + 8) < 0
1 3
1
2
3x2 + x 2 = 0; D = 1 + 4 2 = 9; x =
; x1 = ; x2 = ;
6
3
3

1
3
8
5

3
5

5x + 8 = 0; 5x = 8; x = ; x = 1 .

3
5

x + 2( x 1) 2 x + 7
2

2
2
x > 4 x ( x + 3)

2
2
4 x ( x + 3) x < 0

2
3x 2 x 5 0
;
2
x (4 x + 11) < 0

3x2 2x 5 = 0; D = 4 3 5 4 = 64; x =

28
2
; x1 = 1; x2 = 1 ;
6
3

2
3

4x + 11 < 0; 4x + 11 = 0; x =
+

x + 2( x 2 x + 1) + 2 x 7 0

3x 2 2 x 5 0
;
2
x (4 x + 12 1) < 0

: ; 1 .
5

11
3
x = 2 .
4
4
x

3
4

: ; 2 .
4

3.1.12. ) (5x2 + 0,7x 2,7)7 (x2 + 4x 2,7)7; 5x2 + 0,7x 2,7 x2 + 4x 2,7;
4x2 3,3x 0; x(4x 3,3) 0.

33
40

: (;0] 33 ; + .

40

) (3x2 + 0,7x 2,8)5 (x2 + 5x 2,8)5; 3x2 + 0,7x 2,8 x2 5x 2,8;


136

2x2 4,3x 0; x(2x 4,3) 0.

43
20

: 0;

43
.
20

.
3.1.01. ) 5(1 x) 4(1 x)2 < (1 x)3; (1 x)((1 x)2 + 4(1 x) 5) > 0;
(1 x)(1 x + 5)(1 x 1) > 0; x(x 1)(6 x) > 0; x(x 1)(x 6) < 0;

+
+
x
0
6
1
x (; 0) (1; 6)

) 3(2 x) 2(2 x)2 < (2 x)3; (2 x)((2 x)2 + 2(2 x) 3) > 0;


(2 x)(2 x + 3)(2 x 1) > 0; (2 x)(5 x)(1 x) > 0; (x 2)(x 5)(x 1) < 0.

x (; 1) (2; 5).
3.1.02. ) (x + 2) 11x 2; x 7x + 6 0;
2

(x2 6)(x2 1) 0; (x 6 )(x + 6 )(x 1)(x + 1) 0.


+

x [ 6 ; 1] [1;
) (x2 2)2 4x2 11; x4 8x2 + 15 0; (x2 5)(x2 3) 0;
( x 5)( x + 5)( x 3)( x + 3) = 0 .
+

3.1.03. ) |5x + 7|(5x + 4) 0;

7
5

6 ].

x [ 5; 3] [ 3; 5] .

+
x

4
5

7
5

4
5

x ; + .

7
3

4
3

) |3x + 7|(3x 4) 0; x ; + .

7
3

4
3

3.1.04. ) |4x 5| (4x 5)2, |4x 5| (4x 5)2 0; 0 |4x 5| 1;


1 4x 5 1; 1 x

3
3
. : 1; .
2
2

) |3x 1| (3x 1)2; (3x 1)2 |3x 1| 0, 0 |3x 1| 1;


1 3x 1 1; 0 x

2
. :
3

2
0; 3 .

137

t 2 16 t
0

;
3.1.05. ) 18
3
| t + 2 |> 1

t 2 + 6t 16 0

;
t > 1

t
3
<

8 t 2

t > 1 ;
t < 3

8.
t 2 28 t
0

;
)
9
3
| t + 3 |> 2

t 2 + 3t 28 0

;
t > 1

<

5
t

(t + 7)(t 4) 0

;
t > 1
t < 5

t
5
7
1
4
t 7
t 4 . .

9 x 3
3 + x 6

; 2 x 6 ;
| 2 x + 5 | 11
2 x 16

3.1.06. )

9 x 3

;
x 3
x 8

x [9; 8] {3}.

13 x 11
1 + x 12

)
; x 11
; x [13; 2] {11}.
|
2
x

9
|

13

x 2

3.1.07. ) (x2 8x + 48)2 (x2 8x 50)2 < 0;


98(2x2 16x 2) < 0; x2 8x 1 < 0; D = 64 + 4 = 68;
x=

8 2 17
= 4 17 ; 4 17 < x < 4 + 17 .
2

) (x2 6x + 52)2 (x2 6x 50)2 < 0; 102 (2x2 12x + 2) < 0;


x2 6x + 1 < 0; D = 36 4 = 32;
x=

64 2
= 3 2 2 ; 3 2 2 < x < 3+ 2 2 .
2

3.1.08. ) (x2 2x + 32)4 > (x2 2x 50)4;


(x2 2x + 32)2 (x2 2x 50)2 > 0; 82(2x2 4x 18) > 0; x2 2x 9 > 0;
x > 1 10
; x (; 1 10 ) (1 + 10 ; +).

x < 1 + 10

) (x2 10x + 30)4 > (x2 10x 56)4; (x2 10x + 30)2 (x2 10x 56)2 > 0;
86(2x2 20x 26) > 0; x2 10x 13 > 0; D = 100 + 52 = 4 38;
x=

138

10 2 38 x > 5 + 38
;
; x (; 5 38 ) (5 + 38 ; +).
2
x < 5 38

3.1.09. ) (0,3x2 + 0,5x 5)2 > (0,3x2 + 0,5x + 5)2;


10(0,6x2 + x) > 0; x2 +

10
2
x < 0; 1 < x < 0;
6
3

) (0,1x2 + 0,3x 5)2 > (0,1x2 + 0,3x + 5)2;


10(0,2x2 + 0,6x) > 0;
x2 + 3x < 0;
3 < x < 0.
3.1.10.
1

) x 2 + x 7 < x 2 + x + 7 ;
5
5
3
3

9
1 2 3
1 2 3

1 2 3
2
x + x 7 x + x + 7 < 0 ; 14 x + x < 0 ; x + x > 0 ;
5
5
5
5
3
3
3

x > 0
4

; x ; 1 (0; +) .
x < 1 4
5

5
1

) x 2 + x 4 < x 2 + x + 4 ; x 2 + x 4 x 2 + x + 4 < 0 ;
3
3
3
3
2
2
2
2

x > 0
4
4
1

8 x 2 + x < 0 ; x 2 + x > 0 ;
1 ; x ; 1 (0; +) .

3
3
3
x < 1

5
3

3.1.11. ) x 2 x +

D
5 7 5 7
5+ 7
=7; x=
;
.
<x<
4
6
6
6

6x2 10x + 3 < 0;

22

19 2 5
16
35 2 10

2 x x 1 < 0 ;
x x < 0 ;
3
3
3
3
3

17

) x 2 x + x 2 x < 0 .
5
5
5
5

39 2 16

2
2 x x 1 < 0 ; 10x 16x + 5 < 0; D = 256 200 = 56;
5
5

x=

16 56 8 14 8 14
8 + 14
;
.
=
<x<
20
10
10
10

1
2

3.1.12. ) x 2 x +

18 2 1
13
> x x ;
5
2
5

18 2 1
13
31
2 1
2 x2 x + 1 > 0 ;
x x+ x x > 0 ;
2
5
2
5
5

D = 1 8 < 0; x (; +).

1
3

) x 2 x +

18 2 1
13 2 1
18 2 1
13
> x x ; x x+ x x > 0 ;
3
5
3
5
5
3
5

139

31 2 2 x
4
+ 1 > 0 ; D = 8 < 0; x (; +).
2x
5
3
9

D.
3.1.D01. ) (x2 9x)2 + 4x2 36x 140 < 0;
(x2 9x)2 + 4(x2 9x) 140 < 0; (x2 9x + 14)(x2 9x 10) < 0;
+

10

x (1; 2) (7; 10).


) (x2 7x)2 + 18x2 126x + 72 < 0; (x2 7x)2 + 18(x2 7x) + 72 < 0;
(x2 7x + 12)(x2 7x + 6) < 0; (x 3)(x 4)(x 6)(x 1) < 0; x (1; 3) (4; 6).
+

3.1.D02.
) 6(4x + 3)(x2 x + 9) < 9(4x + 3)2 + (x2 x + 9)2;
(3(4x + 3) (x2 x + 9))2 > 0; x2 + 13x 0; x 0; x 13.
, x x = 0 x = 13;
x (; 0) (0; 13) (13; +).
) 6(4x + 1)(x2 + 9x + 3) < 9(4x + 1)2 + (x2 + 9x + 3)2;
[3(4x + 1) (x2 + 9x + 3)]2 > 0; x2 + 3x 0; x 0, x 3.
, x 0; 3.
x (; 0) (0; 3) (3; +).
3.1.D03.
) |x 2|(x2 6x 16) 6x2 24;
|x 2|(x2 6x 16) 6(x 2)(x + 2) 0;
I. x 2;
(x 2)(x2 6x 16 6x 12) 0; (x 2)(x2 12x 28) 0;
(x 2)(x 14)(x + 2) 0; x {2}[14; +).

14

II. x 2;
(x 2)(x2 6x 16 + 6(x + 2) 0; (x 2)(x2 4) 0;
(x 2)(x 2)(x + 2) 0; x (; 2]{2}.

+
x
2
2
: x (; 2] {2} [14; +).
) |x 5|(x2 7x 60) 7x2 175; |x 5|(x2 7x 60) 7(x 5)(x + 5) 0;
(x + 5)[|x 5|(x 12) 7(x 5)] 0; I. x 5; (x + 5)(x 5)(x 19) 0; x 19;

+
x
5
19
II. x 5;
(x + 5)[(x 5)((x 12) + 7) 0; (x + 5)(x 5)(x 5) 0; x 5.

+
x
5
5
: x (; 5] {5} [19; +).

140

2
2
2
x | x 25 | 9( x 25)
;
x( x 6) ( x 6)

3.1.D04. )

( x 2 25)( x 2 9) 0

x 5

;
I. x2 25 0;
x 5 ( x 1)( x 6) 0
+
+
+

x = 5;

3
5
3
II. x2 25 0; 5 x 5;

( x 2 25)(9 + x 2 ) 0
;

( x 6)( x 1) 0

x 2 25 0
x = 5. : x = 5.

( x 6)( x 1) 0

2
2
2
x | x + 49 | 16( x 49)
;
x( x 9) x 9

( x 7)( x + 7)( x 4)( x + 4) 0


; x = 7;
( x 9)( x 1) 0

I. x2 49 0;

( x 2 49)( x 2 + 16) 0
; x = 7. : x = 7.
( x 9)( x 1) 0

II. x2 49 0; 7 x 7;

3.1.D05. ) (3x 8)(x2 4x 2) |3x 8| |x2 4x 2|,



(3x 8)(x2 4x 2) 0;

( (

x x 2 6
3

)) ( x ( 2 + 6 )) 0 .

2 6

8
3

2+

x 2 6; [2 + 6; +] .
3

) (4x 9)(x2 5x 4) |4x 9| |x2 5x 4|;

(4x 9)(x2 5x 4) 0; x x
4
+

41

9
4

2
5 41 9 5 + 41

x
;
; + .

4 2
2

5+

41

5 41
5 + 41
x
0;
2
2

0 (4x 9)(x2 5x 4) 0; x

5 + 41
2

5 41

1 5 + 4
; 2
; + .

2
4
2

: x

3.1.D06. ) (x2 + 1,5x + 0,7)2 + (x2 + 4,2x + 0,862)2


141

(x2 + 2,5x + 0,76)2 + (x2 + 3,2x + 0,802)2;


(2x2 + 4x + 1,46)(x 0,06) (2x2 + 7,4x + 1,664)(x 0,06);
(x + 0,06)(3,4x + 0,204) 0; (x + 0,06)(x + 0,06) 0; x = 0,06.
) (x2 + 1,7x + 0,9)2 + (x2 + 3,8x + 0,585)2
(x2 + 2,7x + 0,75)2 + (x2 + 2,8x + 0,735)2;
(2x2 + 4,4x + 1,65)(x + 0,15) (2x2 + 6,6x + 1,32)(x + 0,15);
(x 0,15)(2,2(x 0,15)) 0; x = 0,15.
3.1.D07. ) f(x) = 14x2 + 13.
(x, f(x)),
OX x = |f(x)|,
OY y= |x|.
: x y;
|14x2 + 13| |x|; (14x2 + 13)2 x2;
(14x2 + 13)2 x2 0;
(14x2 + 13 x)(14x2 + 13 + x) 0;

(x + 1) x
+

13
13

(x 1) x + 0;
14
14

13

14

+
x

13
14

13 13

x 1; ;
14 14

1 .

) x = |13x2 + 12|; y = |x|;


|13x2 + 12| |x|, (13x2 + 12)2 x2;
(132 + 12)2 2 0; (132 + 12 )(132 + 12 + ) 0;
(13x2 + x 12)(13x2 x 12) 0;
12
12

( x + 1) x ( x 1) x + 0 ;
13
13

+
+

12
13

+
x

12
13

x 1;

12 12
;

13 13

1 .

3.1.D08.
) f(x) = x4 8|x|3 + 16x2 < 9;
I. x 0;
x4 8x3 + 16x2 < 9; x2(x 4)2 9 < 0; (x2 4x 3)(x2 4x + 3) < 0;
(x 2 + 7 )(x 2 7 )(x 8)(x 1) < 0;
+

2+ 7

x [0; 1) (3; 2 + 7 );
II. x 0;
x4 + 8x3 + 16x2 9 < 0; x2(x + 4)2 9 < 0; (x2 + 4x 3)(x2 + 4x + 3) < 0;
142

(x + 2 7 )(7 + 2 + 7 )(x + 1)(x + 3) < 0;

2 7

x (2 7 ; 3) (1; 0]. : x (2 7 ; 3) (1; 1) (3; 2 + 7 ).


) f(x) = x4 14|x|3 + 49x2 > 36;
I. x 0;
x2(x 7)2 36 > 0; (x2 7x 6)(x2 7x + 6) > 0;

(x 1)(x 6) x

7 + 73
7 73
x
> 0;
2
2

7+

73

7 + 73

; + ;

x (1; 6)

II. x 0;
x2(x + 7)2 36 > 0; (x2 + 7x 6)(x2 + 7x + 6) > 0;

7 73
7 + 73
x+
x +

(x + 6)(x + 1) > 0;

2
2

7 73
2

x ;

: ;

7 73
(6; 1) .
2

7 + 73

7 73
; + .
(6; 1) (1; 6)

2
2

3.1.D09. ) f(x) > 0 x, x = 3;


f(|x + 3| 17) > 0; f(3) = 0; |x + 3| 17 = 3; |x + 3| = 20;
x + 3 = 20
x + 3 = 20 ;

x = 17
x = 23 .

f(|x + 3| 17) > 0 x, x = 17 x = 23, ,


x (; 23) (23; 17) (17; +).
) f(x) < 0, x, x = 5;
f(|x 1| + 18) < 0; f(5) = 0; |x 1| + 18 = 5; |x 1| = 13;
. f(|x 1| + 18) > 0 x (; +).
3.1.D10. ) f(x) > 0 x, x = 7;
f(7) = 0; (x 6)f(x) 0; x 6 0; x 6.
x = 7 . : x (; 6] {7}.
143

) f(x) > 0 x, x = 9;
(x + 7)f(x) 0; f(9) = 0; x + 7 0; x 7.
x = 9 . : x (; 7] {9}.
3.1.D11.
) f(x) ; T = 9;
f(x) 18; f(x) = 9x x2; x [0; 9]; 9x x2 18; x2 9x + 18 0;
(x 6)(x 3) 0; x [3; 6] [0; 9].
, : x [3 + 9k; 6 + 9k], k Z.
) f(x) ; T = 11;
f(x) 18; f(x) = 11x x2; x [0; 11]; 11x x2 18; x2 11x + 18 0;
2 x 9 [0; 11]. , x [2 + 11k; 9 + 11k], k Z.
3.1.D12. ) f(|x 1| 1) < f(|5x + 2|); |x 1| 1 > |5x + 2|;
I. x 1 0; x 1; x 2 > |5x + 2|;
x 2 > 5x + 2; x < 1, , x 1.
II. x 1 0; x 1; 1 x 1 > |5x + 2|; x > |5x + 2|;
2

1) 5x + 2 0; x ; x > 5x + 2; x < = . , x ; .
5 3
5
6
3
2
1
1 2
2) 5x + 2 0; x ; x > 5x 2; x > . , x ; .
5
2
2 5
1
1

: x ; .
2 3

) f(|x 4| 4) > f(|3x + 5|).


f , f(m) > f(n), m < n
|x 4| 4 < |3x + 5|;
I. x 4 0; x 4; x 4 4 < |3x + 5|;

5
13
. , x 4;
3
2
5
2) 3x < 5; x < , I.
3

1) 3x > 5; x > ; x 8 < 3x + 5; x >

II. x 4; 4 x 4 < |3x + 5|;


2

1) 3x 5; x 1 ; x < 3x + 5; x > ; x ; 4 ;
3
4
4
5
3

5
2

2) 3x 5; x ; x < 3x 5; x < .
5 5
5

, x ; : x ; ; .
2 4
2

2.
3.2.01. ) x5(7 3x) 0; x 0; x(7 3x) 0; x(3x 7) 0;
x < 0
7

. : x (; 0) ; + .
7
x
3

3
3
) x (4 5x) 0; x(4 5x) 0; x 0; x(5x 4) 0;

144

x < 0
4

. : x (; 0) ; + .
x 4
5

3.2.02. ) f ( x) = ( x 2 4 x + 3)

1
3

f(x) x24x+3>0 .. (x1)(x3)>, x (, 1)(3, +);


1

) f ( x) = ( x 2 5 x + 6 ) 2
f(x) x25x+60 .. (x2)(x3)0, x (, 2][3, +).
6
13
3.2.03. ) x
;
x 3 2 x + 13 0
6
3
18

6
13
;
x

3x 18 + 12 x + 13 0

6
x 13

x > 0 ;

15 x 5

0 < x 13
1
6
x .

1
3
13
x

3
5
1
;
) x
x 5 x + 71 0
9
3
45

x 5

;
x > 0
5 x 75 + 15 x + 71 0

x 5

1
x > 0 ; x ;
5

1
x

5 .

x > 2 5
5 x 13
1 3

3.2.04. )
; x ; 2 2 ; + .
>0;
2x 5
2 5

x < 2 1

2
3x 17
2
)
< 0 ; 3 < x < 5 .
x+3
3
x 2 3x 18 < 0 3 < x < 6
3.2.05. )
;
x (0; 1).
1
0 < x < 1
x(1 x) < 0
8 < x < 9
2
x x 72 < 0
;
;
x
1
>0
x(3 x) < 0
x3

3.2.06. ) 4 >

) 2 >

8 < x < 9

. : x (8; 0) (3; 9).


x > 3
x < 0

1 4 p 1
1

;
> 0 ; p (; 0) ; + .
p
p
4

1
1
. p < 0, .. p > 0: > 0 .
p
p

p < 0:
1
2

1
2

2p < 1; p > , , p ; 0 .
145

.
3.2.01. )

4
1
+
> 12 , x 1;
1 x (1 x) 2

12(1 x)2 4(1 x) 1 < 0; 12t2 4t 1 = 0; D = 16 + 48 = 64;


48
1
1
1
1
1
1 1
1
= ; t2 = ; < 1 x < ; 1 < x < ; < x < 1 .
6
6
24
6
2
6
2
2 2
1
1

: x ; 1 1; 1 .
6
2
3
1
)
+
> 18 ; x 3; 18(3 x)2 3(3 x) 1 < 0;
3 x (3 x)2
39
1
1
18t2 3t 1 = 0; D = 9 + 72 = 81; t =
; t1 = ; t2 = ;
2 18
6
3
1
2
2
1
1
2
3 < x < 2 ; 2 < x < 3 . : x 2 ; 3 3; 3 .
6
3
3
6
6
3

t1 =

12 x + 15 + 1
3 <
>0
1
1
4 x + 5 4 x + 5
3.2.02. ) 3 <
<
;
;
;
1 4 x + 5 17
4 x + 5 17 1
>0
<
4 x + 5 17 4 x + 5

3x + 4
4 x + 5 > 0
;

x3 > 0
4 x + 5

5
x >
4

4
x <
3 x (; ) (3; +).

3
x > 3

x < 4

1
1
;
) 4 <
<
5 x + 6 21

1 21 5 x 6
1
5 x + 6 < 21 5 x + 6 < 0
;
;

1 > 4 1 + 20 x + 24 > 0
5 x + 6
5 x + 6

x > 3

x < 6

5

6.
x >
5

x < 4

146

x
3

5 x 15
5 x + 6 > 0
.

20 x + 25 > 0
5 x + 6

5
4

: x (; ) (3; +).
3.2.03. )

3 1
1
+
40; = t ; t2 + 3t 40 0; (t + 8)(t 5) 0;
x x2
x

t 5
t 8 ;

1
1
0< x
x 5
1 1
5
. : x ; 0 0; .

8 5
1 8 1 x < 0
x
8
4 1
1
) + 2 21; x 0; = t ; t2 + 4t 21 0; (t + 7)(t 3) 0;
x x
x
1
1

x 3
0 < x 3
t 3
1 1
;
. : x ; 0 0; .
t 7 ; 1
7 3
7 1 x < 0

x
7
2x 1
5 2 x 1 12 x + 20
4;x ;
3.2.04. ) f(x) =
0;
3x 5
3
3x 5
10 x 19
19
1
0; x
; g(x) =
4; x 1;
3x 5
10
( x 1)2
1
3
4(x 1 )2 1 0; (2x 2 + 1)(2x 2 1) 0; x ; x .
2
2
1 3 5 19
.
: x 1; ; ; ;
2 2 3 10
30

5 x 3 36 x + 27 x
1
5x 3
31
;
;
9;
)
9;
x 3
3
4x + 3
(
x
3) 2

4
8

x 3
3( x 3) 1
2
;
; x 3.
9(x 3) 1;
3( x 3) 1 x 10

3
30
3 8
10
: x ; ; ; 3;
.
31
4 3
3
5
6
5

3.2.05. ) 6(x 2)1


;
;
x5 x2 x5
6 x 30 5 x + 10
( x 20)
0;
0;
( x 2)( x 5)
( x 2)( x 5)

+
2

+
20

x (; 2) (5; 20];
SN = 1 + 6 + 7 + 8 + 9 + 10 + 11 + 12 + 13 + 14 + 15 + 16 + 17 + 18 + 19 + 20 =
=196.
147

) 4(x 1)1

3
4
3
4 x 16 3x + 3

;
;
0;
( x 1)( x 4)
x 4 x 1 x 4

x 13
5 + 13
0 ; x (; 1) (4; 13]; S = 5 + ... + 12 + 13 =
9 = 81.
( x 1)( x 4)
2
1
1
x + 5 + x 1 0
3.2.06. )
;
2
1

( x + 5)2 x + 5
x > 1

5 < x 2
1

0 ;
x + 5
1

2
x + 5

2x + 4
( x 1)( x + 5) 0

1 1 2 0

( x + 5) x + 5

x > 1

5 < x 2
.
x < 5

2 x + 9 0
x + 5

1
2

: x 5; 4 .
2

x 1

x > 3
( x + 1)( x 3) 0 x > 3
1
1

0
1
x
1

<

x + 1 x 3

1 < x < 1
1
;
;
;
)

5
1
4.
1
x + 1
1
0 < x + 1
1 < x

5
5
5
( x + 1) 2

x + 1 1

0
x +1 < 0
x < 1

x + 1
1

4
5

x 1; .
5

3.2.07.
3x 1
2 x + 5 1
)
;
1
1

( x 6)2

x6
3x 1 2 x 5
2x + 5 0
0

;
;
2x + 5

1 < x 6 < 1
( x 6) 2 1

x 6 0

x (6; 7], x = 7.

148

x 6

x < 5
2 ;

5 < x < 7

x 6

4x 1
3x + 4 < 1
)
;
1
<1
2
( x 3)

4 x 1 3x 4
<0

;
3x + 4

( x 3)2 > 1

4
3 < x < 5

;
x>4

x < 2

4
2
5
4
3
4
x ; 2 (4; 5), 1, 0, 1.
3

3.2.08.
1

1
;
6
(7 + x) 2 < 36

) 7 + x

1
1

;
) 4 + x 7
(4 + x)2 49

7 + x 6
0
7 < x 1

;
; x (7; 1).
7+x
6 < 7 + x < 6 13 < x < 1

4 + x 7
4+ x > 0

4+ x 7 ;

4 + x 7

x 3

x < 4
;

x 3

x 11

x (; 11] [3; +).


3.2.09.
)

3x 2
2 5 x 2 + 15 x 15 x 2 + 10 x 2 x 6
> 1
;
< 0;
x( x + 3)
5x
x+3

10 x 2 23x + 6
> 0 ; 10x2 23x + 6 = 0; D = 529 240 = 172;
x( x + 3)
x1 =

23 17 3
=
; x2 = 2;
20
10

0
3
0,3
x (; 3) (0; 0,3) (2; +).
)

5x 2
1 20 x 2 8 x x 3 4 x 2 12 x
16 x 2 19 x + 3
< 1
;
<0;
<0;
x( x + 3)
x( x + 3)
4x
x+3

x ( x 1)
19

13
3
16

< 0;
16x2 19x 3 = 0; x1,2 =
; x2 = ; x1 = 1;
x( x + 3)
32
16
+

3
16

3
; 1 .
16

x ( 3; 0 )

149

3.2.10.
4
1
+ (4 x)2 5 ;
= t ; t2 + 4t 5 0; 5 t 1;
4 x
4 x

21
x
21 5 x
5 x 21
1
5
5

4 x
21

; 4 x
; x4
; x < 4 ; x (; 3] ; + .

x > 4
x3 0
x3 0
1 1

4 x
x 4
4 x
x 3
3
1
+ (3 x) 2 < 10 ;
= t ; t2 + 3t 10 < 0; 5 < t < 2;
)
3 x
3 x

5
x <
2
2x 5
2x 5
1

3 x < 0
x 3 > 0 x > 3
3 x < 2

;
;
;
;

16
1 + 5 > 0 5 x + 15 + 1 > 0 5 x 16 > 0
>
x
3 x
x 3
3 x

x < 3

x ;

5 16

; + .
2 5

x2
3x 4 > 0

3.2.11. )
;
2
( x 7) > 0
4
( x + 11)
x > 2

x < 4
4

3
; x ; 11 11; (2; 7) (7; +).

x 7

x 11

x > 4

x < 3

4 ;

x 5

x 2 3

x4
4x + 3 > 0

;
)
2
( x 5) > 0
4
( x + 2 3)

x ; 2 3 2 3; (4; 5) (5; +).


4

x 2 2 x 8 27
27

0
x 4 x + 2
3.2.12. )
; 2 x+2
;
x 2 x 8 27 0
x + 2 27
x 4

x4

150

x 2 2 x 35
0

x+2
;
2
x 2 x 35 0

x4

( x 7)( x + 5)
0

x+2
;

( x 7)( x + 5) 0

x4

x (; 5] (4; 7].

x 2 3x 30
2

<0
x 7 < x + 4
; 2 x+4
;
)
x + 4 > 2
x 3x 30 > 0
x 7

x7

x2 3x 30 = 0; D = 9 + 120 = 129; x1,2 =

x2

3 129
;
2

+
x1 +

x
x (4; 7).

.
3.2.01. )

6t + 7
36t
(6t + 7) 2 36t 2
;
<0;
<
t
6t + 7
t (6t + 7)

(6t + 7 6t)(6t + 7 + 6t) t (6t + 7) < 0; 7t(12t + 7)(6t + 7) < 0;

7
6

7
12

t ; ; 0 .
6
12
)

4t + 5
16t
(4t + 5)2 16t 2
;
<0;
<
t (4t + 5)
t
4t + 5

(4t + 5 4t)(8t + 5) t (4t + 5) < 0; 5t(3t + 5)(4t + 5) < 0;

8
x2 2x

x+4

3.2.02. ) f(x) =

t ; ; 0 .
4
8
1

x+4
x+4
= 2

; g(x) = 2
x 2x
x 2x

x2 2x
;
x+4

151

x 0
2
2
2
x 4 ; x 2 x x + 4 ; x 2 x = t ; t 1 ; t 1 0 ; t 0; t2 1;

2
x+4
x+4
t
t
x 2x
x 2;
x2 2x
1 ; x2 2x + x + 4 0; x2 x + 4 0; x2 x + 4 > 0;
x+4
x2 2x
1 ; x2 2x x 4 0; x2 3x 4 0; x 4; x 1.
x+4

: x, 4, 1, 2, 4.
1

1
x2 5x
x+7
; g(x) = 2
;

x 5x
x+7

) f(x) =

x 0
x2 5x

x 7 ; x + 7 1 ;
x 5

x2 5x x + 7; x2 6x 7 0; x 7; x 1; x2 5x x 7; x2 4x + 7 > 0.
: x, 7, 1, 0, 5, 7.
3.2.03.
)

12 8
12t 8t + 40 3t 2 + 15t
0;
3;
t (t 5)
t 5 t

3t 2 19t 40
5
0 ; t(t 5)(t + )(t 8) 0; t 0, t 5; 3t2 19t 40 = 0;
t (t 5)
3

D = 361 + 480 = 292; t1 =


+

5
3

19 29
5
= ; t2 = 8;
6
3
+

t (; 5 ] (0; 5) [8; +).

3
9t 4t + 4 2t 2 + 2t
9
4
0;
)
2;
t (t 1)
t 1 t
1
t + (t 4)
2t 2 7t 4
2
0;
0;
t (t 1)
t (t 1)
+
+

0
1
1

2
1
t (; ] (0; 1) [4; +).
2

152

+
4

1
1
1

(1 + x)

2 ; x 1; 1 + x 2 ;
2
(1 + x) 2 4

(1 + x) 4

3.2.04. )

x +1 2
0

;
1+ x
2 x + 1 2

x 1
0

;
x +1
3 x 1

x 1

x < 1 ; x [3; 1) {1}.


3 x 1

1
(6 + x)
6;
(6 + x) 2 36

1
1

;
6 + x 6
6 x + 6 6

x+66
0

;
x+6

12 x 0

x 0

; x [12; 6) {0}.
x < 6
12 x 0

x 2 + 3x 28
< 5

;
x+7
| x + 7 |< 1

3.2.05. )

x2 + 8x + 7
<0

;
x+7
8 < x < 6

x 2 + 3x 28 + 5 x + 35
<0

x+7
1 < x + 7 < 1

( x + 3)( x + 1)
<0

;
x+7

8 < x + 7 < 6

x 2 11x + 38
<6

;
)
x7
| x 5 |< 5

x < 1

; x (8; 7) (7; 6).


x 7
8 < x < 6

( x 6)( x 5)
<6

;
x5

5 < x 5 < 5

x < 12

; x (0; 5) (5; 10).


x 5
0 < x < 10

3.2.06.
0 < x 4
5 x 2 4( x 2 + 4)
< 0 ( x 4)( x + 4)

2
< 0 x 4
x
(
x
4)
+

x( x + 4)
;
; x > 3
.
| 3 x + 2 |> 11
3x + 2 > 11

x < 13
x 2
3x + 2 < 11
3
3

1
: x (; 4 ) (3; 4].
3
0 < x 2
2

x
4

2
3x
0 x 2
3x 2 2 x 2 4

2
x 2 + 2 x
0 x( x + 2)

)
; x( x 2 + 2)
;
; x > 8
.
1
1
>
5
x
8
5

| 5 x + 4 |> 12

<
| 5 x + 4 | 12
5 x < 16

x < 3
5

4
5x
x 2 + 4 < x
)
;
1
1
<
| 3 x + 2 | 11

153

1
5

8
5

: x ; 3 ; 2 .
5
5

x+2

2
x +4

>

3.2.07. ) f(x) =

13 x 2 + 4 1 5 x 2 + 20 13x 26
>
>0;
;
;
5
x+2
5
x+2
13

5 x 2 13x 6
> 0 ; 5x2 + 20 13x 6 = 0; D = 169 + 120 = 289;
x+2
2

x + ( x 3)
13 17
2
5

x1 =
> 0;
= ; x2 = 3;
x+2
10
5

+
+
x
2
3
2

5
2
x (2; ) (3; +).
5
1

8 2
x2 8 8
x+3
<
;
x

0;
x

2
2
;
< ;

2
7
x+3 7
x 8

) f(x) =

7 x 2 56 8 x 24
7 x 2 8 x 80
<0;
<0;
x+3
x+3

7x2 8x 80 = 0;
D = 64 + 28 80 = 2304 = 482;

8 48
20
8 + 48
; x2 =
=
=4;
14
7
14
20
x (; 3) ( ; 2 2 ) ( 2 2 ; 2 2 ) ( 2 2 ; 4).
7
x1 =

2x + 5
> 1; x + 5 0; x 5;
x+5
x+5
x + 5 2x 5
>1;
>0;
2x + 5
2x + 5
x
5
5
< 0 ; < x < 0 . : x ; 0 .
2
2x + 5
2

3.2.08. ) f(x) =

1
3x 5
< 1; 2x 1 0; x ;
2
2x 1

) f(x) =

x > 4
x4
2x 1
2 x 1 3x + 5
<1;
<0;
>0;
, ,
x < 5
3x 5
3x 5
3x 5

154

1 5

x ; ; ( 4; + ) .
2 2 3

3.209. )

14 | x |
> 0;
4 | x | 1

14 x
1
> 0 ; < x < 14;
4x 1
4
14 + x
14 + x
1
II. x 0;
>0;
< 0 ; 14 < x < .
4 x 1
4x +1
4
1 1

: x 14; ; 14 .
4 4

3 | x | 19
< 0;
) f(x) =
| x | 4

I. x 0;

3x 19
19
<0; 4 < x <
;
x4
3
3x 19
3x + 19
<0;
II. x 0;
<0;x
x 4
x+4

I. x 0;

19

; 4 .
3

19

; 4 .
3

: x

3.2.10. ) (x 2 + 16(2 x)1)5 0;


x 2 4 x + 4 16
16

>0;
< 0 ; x2+
<0;
2 x
2 x

16

x2+

2 x

x 2 4 x 12
( x 6)( x + 2)
( x 6)( x + 2)
>0;
>0;
<0;
2 x
2 x
x2

x
2
2
6
x (; 2) (2; 6).
) (x 1 + 25(1 x)1)1 0; x 1 + 25 (1 x)1 > 0;
x1+

x 2 2 x + 1 25
x 2 2 x 24
25
( x 6)( x + 4)
>0.
> 0;
<0;
<0;
1 x
1 x
x 1
1 x

: x (4; 1) (6; +).

x 0
5x 1
5x 1
1
1
3.2.11. ) f(x) =
< g(x) = 1
;
< 1
; D:
;
| x +1 |
5x
5x | x + 1 |
x 1

I. x + 1 > 0; x > 1;
5x 1
1
5 x 2 5 x + 25 x 2 5 x + x + 1
20 x 2 9 x + 1
1+
<0;
<0;
<0;
5 x( x + 1)
5 x( x + 1)
x +1
5x

155

9 1
1
1
; x1 = ; x2 = ;
40
4
5
+
x
1

20x2 9x + 1 = 0; D = 81 80 = 1; x =
+

1
5

1 1
;
5 4

x (1; 0) ;

II. x < 1;
5x 1 1
5 x 2 + 5 x + 25 x 2 5 x x 1
30 x 2 x 1

>0;
>0;
>0;
x( x + 1)
x( x + 1)
x + 1 5x
1 11
1
1
; x1 = ; x2 = ; x (; 1)
30x2 x 1 = 0; D = 1 + 120 = 121; x =
60
6
5
1 1
: (; 1) (1; 0) ; .
5 4
3x 1
1
> 1
;
)
| x +1 |
3x
1+

I. x + 1 > 0; x > 1;
1 3x 1
3 x 2 + 3x x 1 9 x 2 + 3x
6 x2 5x + 1

<0;
>0;
< 0;
x( x + 1)
x( x + 1)
3x x + 1
5 1
1
1
; x1 = , x2 = ;
D = 25 24 = 1; x1,2 =
12
2
3
+
+

1
2

1
3

x 0;

1 1

; + .
3 2

II. x < 1;
1 3x
1 3 x 2 + 3x 3x + 9 x 2 x 1
12 x 2 x 1
> 1
;
< 0;
<0;
3x
3x( x + 1)
x( x + 1)
x +1

12x2 x 1 = 0; D = 1 + 48 = 49; x1,2 =

1 7
1
1
; x1 = , x2 = .
24
4
3

II.

: x 0;

1 1

; + .
3 2

3.2.12. ) x 4 + 16(4 x)1 0; x 4; x 4 +


x( x 8)
0 ; x 0; 8.
4 x

16 x 2 + 8 x + 16
16
0;
0;
4 x
4 x

: x, 0, 4, 8.

) (x1+9(1x)1)3
x1+9(1x)10
x 1 + 9(1 x) 1 = x 1

156

9
x 2 2 x + 1 9 x 2 2 x 8 ( x 4)( x + 2)
=
=
=
x 1
x 1
x 1
x 1

x4, 2, 1 .. x (, 2)(2, 1)(1, +).


D.
3.2.D01. )

x 6
1
1
1

| 6 x + 1 |1 ;
;
;
x 1 | x + 6 | | 6x + 1 |
| x+6|

|6x + 1| |x + 6|; |x + 6| 6x + 1 |x + 6|;


I. x 6; x 6 6x + 1 x + 6;
6 x + x 7 x 1
1
1 1

;
1 x 1, x , , x 1; ;

6 6
6

5 x 5
x 1

1 ;

6 x x 5 x 1
;
.
x 1
7 x 7

II. x 6; 6+ x 6x + 1 x 6;

: x 1; ; 1 .
6
6
)

x 5
1
1

;
1 ; |5x + 1| |x + 6|; |x + 5| 5x + 1 |x + 5|;
| x + 5 | | 5x + 1 | x

I. x 5;
x 1
5 x + 1 x + 5
1
1 1

;
1 x 1, x , , x 1; ;

5 5
5

5 x + 1 x 5 x 1

1 ;

II. x 5;
5 x + 1 x 5 x 1
;
.

5 x + 1 x + 5
x 1

: x 1; ; 1 .
5
5

3.2.D02.
) (x2+2x)2512|x2+2x|1, x0, x2
1) x2+2x>0 .. x (, 2)(0, +)
(x2+2x)3512
x2+2x8
x2+2x80
(x+4)(x2)0 .. x [4, 2]. x [4, 2)(0, 2];
2) x2+2x<0 .. x (2, 0)
(x2+2x)3512, x2+2x8, x2+2x80
(x+4)(x2)0, .. x (, 4][2, +). x .
, , x [4, 2)(0, 2];
) (x2+3x)264|x2+3x|1, x0, x3
1) x2+3x>0, .. x (, 3)(0, +)
(x2+3x)364, x2+3x4, x2+3x40
(x+4)(x1)0 .. x [4, 1]. x [4, 3)(0, 1];
2) x2+3x<0, .. x (3, 0)
(x2+3x)264(x2+3x)1, (x2+3x)364
x2+3x4, (x+4)(x1)0 ..

157

x (, 4][1, +), x .
, , x [4, 3)(0, 1]
3.2.D03. ) (|x + 6| 3|x + 2| + 14)5 0; |x + 6| 3|x + 2| + 14 > 0;
I. x 2; x + 6 3x 6 + 14 > 0; 2x < 14; x < 7; 2 x < 7;
1
2

II. 6 x 2; x + 6 + 3x + 6 + 14 > 0; 4x > 26; x > 6 , , x [6; 2];


III. x 6 + 3x + 6 + 14 > 0
2x > 14; x > 7, , x (7; 6]. : (7, 7).
) (|x + 4| 3|x + 3| + 9)3 0; |x + 4| 3|x + 3| + 9 > 0;
I. x 3; x + 4 3x 9 + 9 > 0; 2x < 4; x < 2. , 3 x < 2;
II. 4 x 3; x + 4 + 3x + 9 + 9 > 0; 4x > 22; x > 5,5. , 4 x 3;
III. x 4; x 4 + 3x + 9 + 9 > 0; 2x > 14; x > 7. , x (7; 4].
: (7; 2).
3.2.D04. ) (|x2 + 6x| 8|x|)3 0; |x2 + 6x| 8|x| > 0; 8|x| < |x2 + 6x|;
x 0

; x2 6x < 8x < x2 + 6x;


|x2 + 6x| < 8x < |x2 + 6x|; x2 + 6x 0;
x 6
x > 0

2
x + 14 x > 0 x < 14
;
.
2
x 2 x > 0 x > 2
x < 0

14
x < 14

,
x > 2

; x2 + 6x 0; 6 x 0; x2 + 6x < 8x < x2 6x;

2
x 2 x < 0 0 < x < 2
;
; . : x (; 14) (2; +).
2
x + 14 x < 0 14 < x < 0

) (|x2 4x| 9|x|)3 0; |x2 4x| > 9|x|; |x2 4x| < 9x < |x2 4x|;
x 4

I. x2 4x 0;
; x2 + 4x < 9x < x2 4x;
x 0
x > 0

x 2 + 5 x > 0 x < 5
;
. ,
2
x 13x > 0 x > 13
x < 0

x < 5
x > 13 ;

II. x2 4x 0; 0 x 4; x2 4x < 9x < 4x x2;


2
x 13x < 0 0 < x < 13
;
; .
2
x + 5 x < 0 5 < x < 0

: x (; 5) (13; +).
158

3
1

3.2.D05. ) | x + 1 |
;
x 2 3 | x + 1 | +2 x 1

| x + 1 | 3
2
x 3 | x + 1 | +2 x 1 ;
x 1

I. x > 1;
x 2
x 2
;
; , x (1; 2].
2
x

1 x 2

II. x < 1;
x 4
;
2
x + 3 x + 3 + 2 x + 1 0

x 4
x 4
;
; , x [4; 1).
2
x + 5 x + 4 0 4 x 1

: x [4; 1) (1; 2].

) | x 5 |

2
x 5 | x 5 | 10 x 25

| x 5 | 7
;
2
x 5 | x 5 | 10 x + 25 0

I. x 5 > 0; x > 5;
x 12
x 12
;
. 5 < x 10.
2
x 15 x + 50 0 5 x 10

II. x 5 < 0; x < 5;


x 2
x 2
;
; , x [0; 5). : x [0; 5) (5; 10].
2
x 5 x 0 0 x 5
2
2
x (3x 2)

3.2.D06. )

2
2
( x 1)(7 + x) ( x 1) (7 + x)

; x 0; x

2
; x 7; x 1;
3

x < 1
x (3x 2)
| 3x 2 |< x <| 3x 2 | 3x 2 < x < 2 3x
;
;
; x 4 .

3
3
x 4
( x 1) (7 + x) x 1 7 + x

1
x <

2
2

: x (; 7) (7; 4].
x 2 (4 x 3)2

( x + 2)(4 + x)

( x + 2) 2 (4 + x)

2
2
x 4 x (4 x 3)
| x | | 4 x 3 | x 3 4 x x 1
;
;
;
;
.

3
3

x
2

x 1
x 1
( x + 2) (4 + x) 2 x 2

, x (; 4) (4; 1].
3.2.D07. )

| 2x 9 | | 9x 2 |
0
| 8 x 3 | | 3x 8 |

159

9
2
3
8
x= ,x= ,x= ,x=
2
9
8
3

:
2

9 2x 2 + 9x
7( x + 1)
0;
0 , .. x1.
3 8 x 8 + 3x
5( x + 1)

I. x ,
9

x (, 1) 1, ;
9

11( x 1)
2 3 9 2x 9x + 2
II. x , ;
0;
0 , .. x (1, 1]
3

8
+
3

8
5( x + 1)
x
x
9
8

2 3

x , ;
9 8
9 2x 9x + 2

3 8

11( x 1)

III. x , ;
0;
0 , .. x1
11( x 1)
8 3 8 x 3 + 3x 8
3

x , 1 1, ;
8 3
9 2x 9x + 2

8 9

11( x 1)

IV. x , ;
0;
0, x (, 1) [1, + )
5( x + 1)
3 2 8 x 3 3x + 8
8 9

x , ;
3 2
9

2x 9 9x + 2

7( x + 1)

V. x , + ;
0;
0 , .. x1
5( x + 1)
2
8 x 3 3x + 8
9
2

x , + .
, I, II, III, IV, V : x (, 1)(1, 1)(1, +);
| 4 x 5 | | 5x 4 |
0 .
| 6x 7 | | 7x 6 |
4
5
6
7
x= ,x= ,x= ,x=
5
4
7
6

5 4 x + 5x 4

x +1

I. x , ;
0,
0 , .. x1
5 7 6x + 7x 6
x +1

x (, 1) 1, ;
5

9( x 1)
4 6 5 4 x 5x + 4
II. x , ;
0,
0 , x (1, 1]
x +1
5 7 7 6x + 7x 6

160

4 6

9( x 1)
6 7 5 4x 5x + 4
0,
0 , x1
III. x , ;
13( x 1)
7 6 7 6x 7 x + 6
6 7
x , 1 1, ;
7 6

x , ;
5 7

5 4 x 5x + 4

7 5

9( x 1)

IV. x , ;
0,
0, x (, 1) [1, + )
( x + 1)
6 4 6x 7 7x + 6
7 5

x , ;
6 4
5
4

V. x , + ;

4 x 5 5x + 4
( x + 1)
0,
0 , x1
6x 7 7x + 6
( x + 1)
5

x , + .
4

, x (, 1)(1, 1)(1, +).


| 7 x 22 | | 5 x 14 |
0 ; x 3; x 4;
( x 3)( x 4)
22
14
22
I. x
; x
x
;
7
5
7
7 x 22 5 x + 14
x4
22
;
0;
0; x > 3 x >
( x 3)( x 4)
( x 3)( x 4)
7
22
14
II. x
; x
;
7
5
36 12 x
22
14 14
22 22 7 x 5 x + 14
x
0;
; x ;
;
0;
III. x
( x 3)( x 4)
( x 3)( x 4)
7
5
5
7

3.2.D08. )

3 x
14
22
14 22
x
; x ;
0 ; x 4 < 0; x < 4
;
( x 3)( x 4)
5
7
5 7
22
14
14 22 7 x + 5 x 14
0;
IV. x
; x ; x ;
( x 3)( x 4)
7
5
5
8 2x
x4
14
0; x < 3. , x .
0;
( x 3)( x 4)
( x 3)( x 4)
5

: x (; 3) (3; 4) (4; +).


x 5
x 6 ;

36
24 3x 7 x + 5 x 24
12 2 x
; x
;
0;
0;
I. x
( x 5)( x 6)
( x 5)( x 6)
7
5
x6
24
0 ; x < 5. , x
.
( x 6)( x 5)
5

| 7 x 36 | | 5 x 24 |
0;
( x 5)( x 6)

161

II. x

36
24 24
36
60 12 x
12( x 5)
x
; x
;
;
0;
0;
( x 5)( x 6)
7
5
5
7 ( x 5)( x 6)

36
24
; x
;
7
5
36 7 x 36 5 x + 24
x6
36
IV. x
;
.
0;
0; x
( x 5)( x 6)
( x 5)( x 6)
7
7

III. x

: x (; 5) (5; 6) (6; +).


3.2.D09. )

5x 3
3
> 1
;
| x+3|
5| x|

I. x < 3;

5x 3
3 5 x 2 + 15 x + 3x + 9 + 25 x 2 15 x
;
<0;
> 1+
5 x( x + 3)
x+3
5x

30 x 2 + 3x + 9
< 0 ; 30x2 + 3x + 9 > 0; 3 < x < 0 I.
x( x + 3)

II. 3 < x< 0;

5x 3
3 5 x 2 + 15 x + 3x + 9 25 x 2 + 15 x
;
<0;
> 1+
x( x + 3)
x+3
5x

20 x 2 33x 9
> 0 ; 20x2 33x 9 = 0; D = 1089 + 720 = 1809;
x( x + 3)
33 3 201
33 3 201
x1,2 =
; , x
; 0 .

40
40

III. x > 0;

5x 3
3 25 x 2 15 x 5 x 2 15 x + 3 x + 9
20 x 2 27 x + 9
;
> 1
>0;
>0;
x( x + 3)
x( x + 3)
x+3
5x

20x2 27x+ 9 = 0; D = 729 720 = 9; x1,2 =

27 3
;
40

33 3 201 3 3

; 0 0; ; + .
5 4
40

, x 0; ; + . : x
5 4

2x 3
3
;
> 1
| x+5|
2| x|

I. x < 5;

2x 3
3 2 x 2 + 10 x + 3x + 15 + 4 x 2 6 x
6 x 2 + 7 x + 15
> 1+
;
<0;
<0;
2 x( x + 5)
2 x( x + 5)
x+5
2x

6x2 + 7x + 15 = 0; D = 49 360 = 311 < 0; , .


II. 5 < x < 0;

2x 3
3 2 x 2 + 10 x + 3x + 15 4 x 2 + 6 x
> 1+
;
<0;
2 x( x + 5)
x+5
2x

2 x 2 19 x 15
19 481
;
> 0 ; 2x2 19x 15 = 0; D = 361 + 120 = 481; x1,2 =
2 x( x + 5)
4
19 481
; 0 .

, x

162

III. x > 0;

2x 3
3 2 x 2 + 10 x 3 x + 15 4 x 2 + 6 x
> 1
;
<0;
2 x( x + 5)
2x
x+5

2 x 2 13x + 15
> 0 ; 2x2 13x + 15 = 0; D = 169 120 = 49;
2 x( x + 5)
x1,2 =

13 7
3
3
; x1 = 5, x2 = . , x 0; (5; +) .
4
2
2

19 481 3
; 0 0; (5; +) .
2
4

| x + 2 | x 21

5 | x | 5 | x + 2 | 3 x + 63 75 | x | 0

3.2.D10. ) 3
; 2
.
5
x 5 x + 4 > 0
( x 2 5 x + 4) 3 0

: x

: x2 5x + 4 > 0; x2 5x + 4 = 0;
D = 25 16 = 9; x1,2 =

53
; x1 = 4, x2 = 1; , x (; 1) (4; +).
2

:
I. x 2; 5x 10 3x + 63 + 75x 0; 67x 53; x
, x (; 2].

53
;
67

II. 2 x 0; 5x + 10 3x + 63 + 75x 0; 77x 73; x

73
,
77

73

, x 2; .
77

III. x 0; 5x + 10 3x + 63 75x 0; 73x 73; x 1.

73

, x ; (4; +) .
77

| x + 4 | x 9

5 | x | 2 | x + 4 | 5 x + 45 50 | x | 0

; 2
.
5
2
x 6 x + 5 > 0
( x 2 6 x + 5)1 0

: x2 6x + 5 > 0; x2 6x + 5 = 0;
D = 36 20 = 16; x1,2 =

64
; x1 = 5, x2 = 1; , x (; 1) (5; +).
2

:
37
; , x (; 4].
43
53
II. 4 x 0; 2x + 8 5x + 45 + 50x 0; 47x 53; x ,
47
, x 4; 53 .

47

I. x 4; 2x 8 5x + 45 + 50x 0; 43x 37; x

III. x 0; 2x + 8 5x + 45 50x 0; 53x 53; x 1.

163

, x ; 53 (5; +) .
47

| x + 1 | x 4

2 x 3 | x + 1 | 14 x + 8 0

3.2.D11. ) 2
; 2
.
3
( x 2 3 x + 2)1 0 x 3x + 2 > 0

: x2 3x + 2 > 0; x2 3x + 2 = 0;
D = 9 8 = 1; x1,2 =

3 1
; x1 = 2, x2 = 1; , x (; 1) (2; +).
2

:
5
, .
17
II. x 1; 3x + 3 14x + 8 0; 11x 11; x 1 ,

I. x 1; 3x 3 14x + 8 0; 17x 5; x
, x (2; +).
| x + 4 | x 9

5x

;
5
2
( x 2 5 x 12) 1 0

2 | x + 4 | 55 x + 45 0
;
2
x x 12 < 0

: x2 x 12 < 0; x2 x 12 = 0;
D = 1 + 48 = 49; x1,2 =

1 7
; x1 = 4, x2 = 3; , x (3; 4).
2

:
37
, .
57
II. x 4; 2x + 8 55x + 45 0; 53x 53; x 1 .

I. x 4; 2x 8 55x + 45 0; 57x 37; x


, x [1; 4).

2 | x + 4 | 3x + 2 < 0
3x 2
;
<0;
| x+4|
x 4
6
I. x < 4; 2x 8 3x + 2 < 0; 5x > 6; x > , .
5

3.2.D12. ) 2

II. x > 4; 2x + 8 3x + 2 < 0; x > 10.


: x (10; +).
) 6 +

6 | x + 7 | +2 x 1 > 0
2x 1
>0;
.
| x+7|
x 7

43
.
4
41
II. x > 7; 6x + 42 + 2x 1 > 0; 8x > 41; x > .
8
43 41

: x ; ; + .
4 8

I. x < 7; 6x 42 + 2x 1 > 0; 4x < 43; x <

3.
.

164

2 x + 5 < 3 ; 2x + 5 < 27; 2x < 22; x < 11. : x (; 11).


3
3

7 x 2 < 2 ; 7x 2 < 8; 7x < 10; x < 1 . : x ; 1 .


7
7

3.3.01. )

7 x + 12 > 2 ; 7x + 12 > 4; 7x > 8; x >

3.3.02. )

1
7

8
1
; x > 1 .
7
7

: x > 1 .
9 x + 4 > 3 ; 9x + 4 > 9; 9x > 5; x >

3.3.03. )

5
5
. : x > .
9
9

x + 2 5 ; x+ 2 125; x 127. : x 127.

x + 5 4 ; x + 5 64; x 69. : x 69.

8 x 2 + 43x + 7 < 2 ; 8x2 + 43x + 7 < 8; 8x2 + 43x + 15 < 0;


43 37
; x1 = 0,375; x2 = 5.
D = 432 4815 = 572; x =
16

3.3.04 )

: x (5; 0,375).
5 x 2 33 13x < 3 ; 5x2 33 13x < 27; 5x2 13x 6 < 0;
13 17
; x1 = 3; x2 = 0,4.
D = 169 + 456 = 172; x =
10

0,4

: (0,4; 3).

41x 28 9 x 2 ; 41x 28 9x2 8;


41 31
5
; x1 = 4; x2 = .
9x2 41x + 20 0; D = 412 4920 = 312; x =
18
9
+

3.3.05. )

5
9
3

: ; [ 4; + ) .
9
2

15 x 34 8 x 3 ; 15x 34 8x 27; 8x 15x 7 0;


15 1
7
; x1 = 1; x2 = .
D = 225 487 = 1; x =
16
8
+

7
8

7
8

: x (; 1] ; + .

2
2
. : x .
7
7
2
2
62 3 x 8 ; 62 3x 64; 3x 2; x . : x .
3
3

3.3.06. )

79 7 x 9 ; 79 7x 81; 7x 2; x

165

3x 2 + 8 x 47 2 ; 3x2 + 8x 47 4; 3x2 + 8x 51 0;
8 26
34
17
2
; x1 = = = 5 ; x2 = 3.
D = 64 + 3451 = 262; x =
6
6
3
3

+
+

3.3.01. )

2
3

: ; 5 [3; + ) .
3
2

3x 14 x + 51 6 ; 3x 14x + 51 36; 3x 14x + 15 0;


14 4
5
; x1 = 3; x2 = .
D = 196 4315 = 42; x =
6
3

+
+
2

5
3

: x ;

5
[3; +) .
3

3.3.02. ) 5 x 4x 1; 4x + 5 x 1 0; 4x 5 x + 1 0;

D = 2544 = 9;
+

53
;
8
+

x=

x = 1 x = 1;

1
1
x= .
4
16

1
16

x=

: ; 1 .
16

) 11 x 4x 6; 4x + 11 x 6 0; 4x 11 x + 6 0;
11 5
;
8
+

D = 121 446 = 52;


+

x=

9
16
3.3.03. )

x = 2 x = 4;

x
9

4 x + 5 > 5x + 4 ;

4 x + 5 0
D:
;
5 x + 4 0

x
4 x 5
4
4
;
x ;

5
x
4
5

5
4
5

4x + 5 > 5x + 4; x > 1; x < 1. : ; 1 .


)

166

: ; 4 .
16

5x + 4 > 9 x + 2 ;

x=

3
9
x= .
4
16

5 x + 4 0 5 x 4
D:
;
;
9 x + 2 0 9 x 2

x 5
2
x ;

2
9
x

5x + 4 > 9x + 2; 4x> 2; 4x < 2; x <

1
2 1
. : ; .
2
9 2

x + 7 1 x ;

3.3.04. )

x + 7 0 x 7 x 7
D:
;
;
x [ 7; 1] ;
1 x 0 x 1 x 1

x + 7 1 x; 2x 8; x 4. : [4; 1].
) x + 6 15 x ;
x + 6 0 x 6
x 6
;
;
x [ 6; 15] ;

15
x
0
x
15

x 15
1
x + 6 15 x; 2x 9 0; 2x 9; x 4 . : x [4,5; 15].
2

D:

3.3.05. )

27 ( x + 3)( x 2)2 ( x + 6)3 3 ;

27 (x + 3)(x 2)2(x + 6)3 27; (x + 3)(x 2)2(x + 6)3 0;


+
+

+
x
3
6
2
: [6; 3] {2}.
) 3 1 ( x + 4)( x 8) 2 ( x + 8)3 1 ;
1 (x + 4)(x 8)2(x + 8)3 1; (x + 4)(x 8)2(x + 8)3 0;
+
+

+
x
4
8
8
: [8; 4] {8}.
3 x 34
1
2 ; 2x 1 0; 2x 1; x ;
2 x 1
2
3x 34
3x + 34
3 x + 34 8(2 x + 1)
8 ;
8 0 ;
0;
2 x 1
2x +1
2x +1
3 x + 34 16 x 8
13 x + 26
0;
0 ; 13x + 26 = 0; 13x = 26; x = 2.
2x + 1
2x + 1
+

x
2
1

3.3.06. )

: x ; 2 .
2

3x 20
2 3 x 20
1 ;
1; 3x 2 0; 3x 2; x ;
3x 2
3 3 x 2
3 x 20
3 x 20 + 3x + 2
1 0 ;
0 ; 6x 18 = 0; 6x = 18; x = 3.
3x 2
3x 2

167

: ; 3 .
3

5 11x 3 x 2 1 ; 5 11x 3x2 1 0; 3x2 11x + 4 0;


11 13
1
3x2 + 11x 4 0; D = 121 + 344 = 132; x =
; x1 = 4; x2 = .
6
3
+
+

x
4
1
1

3
: 4; .
3

3.3.07. )

) 4 12 9 x 2 x 2 2 ;
12 9x 2x2 16; 2x2 9x 4 0;
2x2 + 9x + 4 0; D = 81 424 = 72; x =
+

9 7
1
; x1 = 4; x2 = .
4
2

1
2

: 4; .
2

3.3.08. ) 4 x 4 9 x 9 2 x 2 ; 4x4 9x 9 4x4; 9x 9; x 1.


: x 1.

9 x 4 8 x 6 3 x 2 ; 9x4 8x 6 9x4; 8x 6; x

6
3
; x .
8
4

3
4

: x .
3x 4 + 52 x 2 135 2 x 2 + 3 ; 3x4 + 52x2 135 4x4 + 6 2x2 + 9;
D
x4 + 40x2 144 0; x4 40x2 + 144 0;
= 400 144 = 162, x2 = 36 x2 = 4;
4

3.3.09. )

4 x2 36, x [6; 2] [2; 6]. : [6; 2] [2; 6].

) 8 x 4 + 53x 2 84 3x 2 + 4 ; 8x4 + 53x2 84 9x4 + 24x2 + 16;


x4 + 53x2 24x2 84 16 0; x4 + 29x2 100 0; x4 29x2 + 100 0;
D = 841 400 = 441; x2 = 4 x2 =25; 4 x2 25, x [5; 2] [2; 5].
: x [5; 2] [2; 5].
3.3.10. ) 3 64 + 3x < x 4 ; 64 + 3x < x3 3x24 3x42 43;
264 + 3x < x3 12x2 + 48x 64; x3 + 12x2 48x + 3x < 0; x3 12x2 + 45x > 0;
x(x2 12x + 45) = 0; x = 0 x2 12x + 45 = 0; D = 144 445 < 0.
+

0
168

: (0; +).

) 3 27 2 x < x + 3 ; 27 2x < x3 + 3x23 + 3x32 + 33;


27 2x < x3 + 9x2 + 27x + 27; x3 9x2 29x < 0; x3 + 9x2 + 29x > 0;
x(x2 + 9x + 29) > 0; x = 0 x2 + 9x + 29 = 0; D = 81 429 < 0.
+

3.3.11. ) 4 x 3 4 x 10 .

: (0; +).
x = t . 3t + 4t2 10 0; 4t2 3t 10 0;

4t2 3t 10 0; 4t2 3t 10 = 0; D = 9 + 4104 = 132; t =


t2 =
)

10
; x = 24 = 16. : [16; +).
8

x + 4 6 x 21 ; t2 + 4t 21 0; t = 16 + 421 = 102; t =

3 13
; t1 = 2;
8

t1 = 7 ; t2 = 3;
: [729; +).

x =t

4 10
;
2

x = 3 x = 36 = 729.

3x 2 17 x + 14 2 ;

3.3.12. )

14

; + ; 3x2 17x + 14 4;
3

17 13
2
2
2
2
3x 17x + 10 0; D = 17 4310 = 13 ; x =
; x1 = 5; x2 = .
6
3

: 3x2 17x + 14 0; x (; 1]

2
3

14

: ; 1 ; 5 .
3 3

4 x 2 + 23 x + 28 3 ; : 4x2 + 23x + 28 0; x (; 4] ; + ;
4

4x2 + 23x + 28 9; 4x2 + 23x + 19 0; D = 232 4419 = 152;


x=

23 15
38
19
3
; x1 = = = 4 ; x2 = 1.
8
8
4
4

4,75

7
4

: [4,75; 4] ; 1 .

.
3.3.01 )

x 2 5 < x2 7;

x 5 0
2

D:

2
x 7 0

2
x 5

2
x 7

x
5
7
x (; 7 ] [ 7 ; +); x2 5 < x4 14x2 + 49; x4 + 15x2 54 < 0;

169

x4 15x2 + 54 > 0; D = 225 454 = 32; x2 =

15 3
; x12 = 9 x = 3;
2

x22 = 6 x = 6 .

x (; 3) (3; +). : x (; 3) (3; +).


) x 2 + 15 < x 2 + 3 ; x2 + 15 > 0; x2 + 3 > 0; x2 + 15 < x4 + 23x2 + 9;
x2 + 15 < x4 + 6x2 + 9; x4 5x2 + 6 < 0; x4 + 5x2 6 > 0; D = 25 + 56 = 49;
x2 =

5 7
; x12 = 6 ; x22 = 1 x = 1.
2

+
+
x
1
1

: (; 1) (1; +).

3.3.02 ) 3x 18 x 3 3x 19 x + 20 ;
D = 3x2 19x + 20 0;
x=

19 11
4
1
; x1 = 5; x2 = = 1 .
6
3
3
+
+

x
5
1
3
1

, x ; 1 [5; +). 3x2 18x 3 3x2 19x + 20; x 23.


3

: x 23.

4 x 2 21x 4 4 x 2 25 x + 25 ; D: 4x2 25x + 25 0;


25 15
10 5
1
D = 252 4425 = 152; x =
; x1 = 5; x2 = = = 1 .
8
8 4
4
+
+

1,25

, x (; 1,25] [5; +). 4x2 21x 4 4x2 25x + 25;


4x 29; x

29
1
1
; x 7 . : x 7 .
4
4
4

3.3.03. ) 6 x 2 14 x 24 | 3x + 1 | ; 6x2 14x 24 (3x + 1)2;


6x2 14x 24 9x2 + 6x + 1; 3x2 20x 25 0; 3x2 + 20x + 25 0;
20 10
10
5
2
; x1 = 5; x2 = = = 1 .
6
6
3
3
+

D = 202 4325 = 102; x =


+

)
170

2
3

: 5; 1 .
3
2

7 x 29 x + 25 | x 4 | ; 7x 29x + 25 x 8x + 16;
2

8x2 21 + 9 0; 8x2 + 21x 9 0; D = 212 + 489 = 272; x =


x1 = 3; x2 = 0,375.
+

21 27
;
16

+
0,375

: [3; 0,375].

3.3.04.
3 x + 35
3 x + 35
3 x + 35
16 0 ;
16 ;
4;
5x 3
5x 3
5x 3
3 x + 35 16(5 x 3)
3 x + 35 80 x + 48
83 x + 83
0;
0;
0;
5x 3
5x 3
5x 3
3
5x 3 0; 5x 3; x ; 83x + 83 = 0; x = 1.
5

+
x
1
3
5
3
: ; 1 .
5

4 x + 33
4 x + 33
4 x + 33
1 0 ;
1;
1 ;
2x 3
2x 3
2x 3
6 x + 36
0 ; 2x 3 0; 2x 3; x 1,5; x + 6 = 0; x = 6.
2x 3

+
x
1,5
6

4 x + 33 2 x + 3
0;
2x 3

: (1,5; 6].

3.3.05. )

2 x + 77
77 5
2 x + 77

3 ; :
0 ; x ; ; + ;
2 2
2x + 5
2x + 5

2 x + 77
2 x + 77 9(2 x + 5)
2 x + 77 18 x 45
0;
0;
9 0 ;
2x + 5
2x + 5
2x + 5
16 x + 32
5
0 ; 2x + 5 0; 2x 5; x ; 16x + 32 = 0; x = 2;
2x + 5
2
1
77

x ; 2 [2; + ) . : x ; (2; +).


2
2

4 x + 91
4 x + 91
91 3

3 ; :
0 ; x ; ; + ;
4x + 3
4 4
4x + 3

4 x + 91
4 x + 91 9(4 x + 3)
4 x + 91 36 x 27
0;
0;
9 0 ;
4x + 3
4x + 3
4x + 3
32 x + 64
3
0 ; 4x+3 0; 4x 3; x ; 32x + 64 = 0; x = 2
4x + 3
4
3
91

x ; [2; + ) . : x ; [2; +) .
4
4

171

3.3.06.
2 x 2 15 x + 28 x 2 ;

2
x 4
2 x 15 x + 28 0 x (; 3,5] [4; +)
;

;
x
2

x 2 0

x [2; 3,5]
15 1
14
2
; x1 = 4; x2 = = 3 = 3,5 ;
D = 152 4228 = 1; x =
4
4
4
+
+

x
3,5
4

D:

2x2 15x + 28 x2 4x + 4; x2 11x + 24 0; D = 121 424 = 52;


x=

11 5
; x1 = 8; x2 = 3.
2
+
+

: [3; 3,5] [4; 8].

2 x 11x + 15 x 1 ;

2 x 2 11x + 15 0 x (; 2,5] [3; +)


x 3
D:
;

;

x
1
x 1 0

x [1; 2,5]

2x2 11x + 15 = 0; D = 121 4215 = 1;


x=

11 1
5
; x1 = 3; x2 = = 2,5 .
4
2
+
+

2,5

3
2

2x 11x + 15 x 2x + 1; x 9x + 14 0; D = 81 414 = 25;


x=

95
; x1 = 7; x2 = 2.
2

+
x

: [2; 2,5] [3; 7].

3x 2 5 x + 12 x + 3 ;
1

3x 2 5 x + 12 0 3 x 1
1
;
D:
3 3 x 1 ;
3
x + 3 0
x 3

3.3.07. )

3x2 + 5x 12 0; D = 25 + 4312 = 132; x =


x1 = 3; x2 =
+

8 4
1
= =1 .
6 3
3

5 13
;
6

x
1
3
3x2 5x + 12 x2 + 6x + 9; 4x2 11x + 3 0; 4x2 + 11x 3 0;
3

172

D = 121 + 443 = 132; x =


+

11 13
1
; x1 = 3; x2 = .
8
4
+
x

1
4

: x 3; .
4

x2 5x 4 x + 4 ;

2
x 5 x 4 0 4 x 1
;
4 x 1; x2 + 5x + 4 0;
x + 4 0
x 4
5 3
D = 25 44 = 12; x =
; x1 = ; x2 = 1;
2

D:

x
4
1
2
2
x 5x 4 x + 8x + 16; 2x 13x 20 0; 2x2 + 13x + 20 0;
13 3
10
5
; x1 = 4; x2 = = = 2,5 .
D = 169 4220 = 9; x =
4
4
2
+
+

x
2,5
4
2

: x [4; 2,5].
3.3.08.
) (x2 8x + 12) 2 x 2 + 11x 15 0;
D: 2x2 + 11x 15 0; 2x2 11x + 15 0; D = 121 4215 = 1;
x=

11 1
10 5
; x1 = 3; x2 = = = 2,5 ;
4
4 2

2,5
2

x [2,5; 3]; x 8x + 12 0; D = 64 412 = 42; x =


+

2
2

8 4
; x1 = 6; x2 = 2.
2

: x [2,5; 3].

) (x 7x + 6) 3x 4 x + 4 0;
D: 3x2 4x + 4 0; 3x2 + 4x 4 0; D = 16 + 434 = 82;
x=

4 8
2
; x1 = 2; x2 = ;
6
3
+
+

x 2;

2
3

2 2
75
; x 7x + 6 0; D = 49 46 = 25; x =
; x1 = 6; x2 = 1.

3
2

173

x [1; 6]. : .

3.3.09.

x+3
28 9 x 4 x 2 0 ;
x+4
2
28 9 x 4 x 0 x [4; 1,75]
;
(4; 1,75];
x + 4 0
x 4

D:

4x2 9x + 28 0; 4x2 + 9x 28 0; 4x2 + 9x 28 = 0; D = 81 + 4428 = 232;


9 23
; x1 = 4; x2 = 1,75;
8

x=

1,75

x+3
0;
x+4

(x + 3)(x + 4) 0; x (; 4) [3; +). : [3; 1,75].


)

x+4
35 19 x 2 x 2 0 ;
x+7
35 19 x 2 x 2 0 14 x 5
5

;
x 7; ;
2

x + 7 0
x 7

D:

2x2 19x 35 0; 2x2 + 19x + 35 0; 2x2 + 19x + 35 = 0;


D = 192 4235 = 92; x =

+
7

x+4
0;
x+7

5
2

19 9
5
; x1 = 7; x2 = ;
22
2
+

(x + 4)(x + 7) 0; x (; 7) [4; +). : 4; .


2

3x 4
0 (3x 4)(2 x 1) 0
4 3x
3x 4

3.3.10. )
;
;
+ 11
> 24 ; 2 x 1
2x 1
2x 1
2 x 1 0 2 x 1

1 1

x ; 1 ; +
2 3

x ; 1 1 1 ; + ;

2 3

x 1

174

1
2

1
3

3x 4
3x 4
= t 2 ;
= t ,
2x 1
2x 1

t2 + 11t 24 > 0; t2 11t + 24 < 0; t2 11t + 24 = 0; D = 121 424 = 52;


11 5
3x 4
; t1 = 8; t2 = 3;
=8;
2
2x 1
3x 4
3x 4 64(2 x 1)
1)
=0;
64 = 0 ;
2x 1
2x 1
t=

3x 4 128x + 64 = 0; 125x = 60; x = 0,48;


2)

3x 4
3x 4
3x 4 9(2 x 1)
= 3;
=0;
9 = 0 ;
2x 1
2x 1
2x 1
1
3

1
3

3x 4 18x + 9 = 0; 15x = 5; x = . , x ; 0, 48 .
1

: x ; 0, 48 .
3

2x 1
0
1 2x
2x 1

;
+5
> 6 ; D: 4 x + 1
4x + 1
4x +1
4 x + 1 0

1 1

x ; 4 2 ; +


x ; 1 1 ; + .

4 2
1

4
+
+

x
1
1

2x 1
2x 1
= t 2 ;
= t ,
4x + 1
4x + 1

t2 + 5t 6 > 0; t2 5t + 6 < 0; D = 25 46 = 1; t =

5 1
; t1 = 3; t2 = 2.
2

2x 1
2x 1
2x 1
2 x 1 9(4 x + 1)
=9;
9 = 0 ;
=0;
= 3;
4x + 1
4x +1
4x +1
4x + 1
10
5
2x 1 36x 9 = 0; 34x = 10; x = = ;
34
17
2x 1
2x 1
2x 1
2 x 1 4(4 x + 1)
=2;
t = 2;
= 4;
4 = 0 ;
=0;
4x + 1
4x + 1
4x + 1
4x + 1

t = 3;

2x 1 16x 4 = 0; 14x = 5; x =

5
5
5
; x ; .
14
17
14

175

5
5
; .
14
17

: x

3.3.11. ) 2 3x 11 < x 1 ;

D: 3x-11 0; 3x 11; x

11
2
; x 3 ; 4(3x 11) < x2 2x + 1;
3
3

12x 44 < x2 2x + 1; x2 + 14x 45 < 0; x2 14x + 45 > 0;


D = 196 4 45 = 16; x =
+

14 4
; x1 = 9; x2 = 5.
2

3
2

: 3 ; 5 (9; +).

) 2 6 x + 7 < x + 7 ;
7
6

1
6

D: 6x + 7 0; 6x 7; x ; x 1 ; 4(6x + 7) < x2 + 14x + 49;


24x + 28 x2 14x 49 < 0; 10x x2 21 < 0; x2 10x + 21 > 0;
x2 10x + 21 = 0; D = 100 4 21 = 42; x =
+

10 4
; x1 = 7; x2 = 3.
2

1
: x [ 1 ; 3) (7; +).
6

3.3.12.

4 x 2 15 x + 14 < 8 x 5 x 2 ;

D: 4x2 15x + 14 0; D = 225 4414 = 1; x =

15 1
7
; x1 = 2; x2 = ;
8
4

x
2
3
1
4
3

x ; 1 [ 2; + ) ; 4x2 15x + 14 < 8x 5x2; 9x2 23x + 14 < 0;


4

23 5
28 14
5
; x1 = = = 1 ; x2 = 1;
D = 232 4914 = 52; x =
18
18 9
9
+

5
1
9

x 1; 1 . :
9

1; 1 .
9

) 2 x 2 23x + 66 < 24 x 5 x 2 ;
D: 2x2 23x + 66 0; 2x2 23x + 66 = 0; D = 232 4266 = 1;
x=

176

23 1
22 11
; x1 = 6; x2 =
= = 5,5 ;
4
4
2

+
x

5,5

x (; 5,5] [6; +); 2x 23x + 66 < 24x 5x2; 7x2 47x + 66 < 0;
47 19
66 33
5
; x1 =
=
= 4 ; x2 = 2;
14
14 7
7
+

D = 472 4766 = 192; x =


+

x 2; 4 . :
7

5
7

2; 4 .
7

D.
3.3.D01.
) 5 x + 205 2 x + 32 > 3 ;
5 x + 205 0 x 41
;
x [32; +);
:
x + 32 0
x 32
5 x + 41 2 x + 32 > 3 ;

5 x + 41 > 3 + 2 x + 32 ;

5(x + 41) > 9 + 4x + 128 + 12 x + 32 ; x + (205 137) > 12 x + 32 ;


2
x + 136 x + 4624 > 144 x + 4608
;
x + 68 > 0

x + 68 > 12 x + 32 ;

x 2 8 x + 16 > 0
;

x + 68 > 0

2
( x 4) > 0
x (68; 4) (4; +).

x > 68

: x [32; 4) (4; +).


) 5 x + 115 2 x + 19 > 2 ;
x 19

x 19;
:
x 23

5 x + 23 2 x + 19 > 2 ;

5(x + 23) > 4 + 4(x + 19) + 8 x + 19 ; x + 115 80 > 8 x + 19 ; x + 35 > 8 x + 19 ;


2
x + 70 x + 1225 > 64( x + 19)
;

x + 35 > 0

x 2 + 70 x + 1225 64 x 1216 > 0


;

x > 35

2
x + 6 x + 9 > 0
;

x > 35

2
( x + 3) > 0
; x (35; 3) (3; +). : x [19; 3) (3; +).

x > 35

3.3.D02.

)(

x +1 x +1

x+6 x 0;

177

x 3

x 0
x + 1 x 2 2 x + 1 x > 1 2

x + 1 x 1 x > 1
x 3

2
x+6 x
x + 6 x

;
;
; x = 3.
x + 1 x 1 x 2 3x 0

0 x 3
x > 0
x+6 x

2
x > 0
x x 6 0

x 3
x 2

x+4x+2

)(

x + 20 x 0 ; x 4; x 20; x 4;

x + 4 x2 4x + 4

x + 4 x 2 x > 0

2
x + 20 x
x + 20 x
;
;
x + 4 x 2 x2 5x 0

x > 2
x + 20 x
2
x x 20 0

0 x 5

x 5
x 4

x 5
; x = 5.

x 0

x>2

4 x 5

3.3.D03.

x > 1
x +1 x 1
;
D:
;

0
4 x 0
4 x + 25 5

x +1 x +1

( x + 1)( x + 1 1) 0

x < 0
;
;
x + 1 x + 1 ( x + 1) x 0

4 x + 25 > 5 x > 0
4 x + 25 < 5

1 x 0

x < 0
1 x < 0
x 0
;
; x [1; 0) (0; +).

x > 0
x 1

x > 0

178

x 2
2x +1 2x 1
1
0;
; x ;
2
3x + 4 2
x 4

2 x + 1 4 x 2 + 4 x + 1

3x + 4 < 4
;

2
4 x + 2 x 0
x > 0

1
x 0
2
x < 0

;
x 0

1
x
2

x > 0

1
2 x < 0 ; x [ 1 ; 0) (0; +).

2
x > 0

3.3.D04.
) f(x)= 3 5 x + 23 6 x 1 ; x 6;
f(x) f(3) = 1 x 3.
) f(x)= 3 4 x + 13 22 x 4 ; x 22;
f(x) f(3) = 4 x 3.
3.3.D05.

x + 14 6 x + 5 + x + 30 10 x + 5 4 ;
x + 5 6 x + 5 + 9 + x + 5 10 x + 5 + 25 4 ;

I.

x+5 3 +

x+5 5 4 ;

x + 5 3 ; x + 5 9 ; x 4; 3 x + 5 + 5 x + 5 4;

2 x + 5 4; x + 5 4; x 1; 1 x 4;
II. 3 x + 5 5; 9 x + 5 25; 4 x 20;
3 + x + 5 + 5 x + 5 4; 4 x 20;
III. x + 5 5; x 20; 2 x + 5 12; x + 5 6; x 31.
: x [1; 31].
) x + 26 10 x + 1 + x + 50 14 x + 1 6 ;
x + 1 5 + x + 1 7 6 ; x 1;
I.

x + 1 5; x 24; 5 x + 1 + 7 x + 1 6; 2 x + 1 6;
x + 1 3; x + 1 9; x 8; 8 x 24;

II. 5 x + 1 7; 25 x + 1 49; 24 x 48;


x + 1 5 + 7 x + 1 6; 24 x 48;
III. x + 1 49; x 48;
2 x + 1 18; x + 1 9; x + 1 81; x 80; 48 x 80.
: x [8; 80].

3.3.D06. )

x+4
3x + 4
+
2
3x + 4
5x 3
2

x+4
3x + 4

0;
3
x
+
4
5 x 3

x+4
;
5x 3

x (; 4] ; +

x (; 4] ; + .

5
4
3

x ; ; +

3 5

179

3x + 4
2x 1
+
2
2x 1
3x 5

3x + 4
;
3x 5

4 1

x ; ; +
3 2
4 5

x ; ; + .

3
3
1
5

x ;
; +

2 3

3.3.D07. ) (3x + 4) 1 3x 3x + 4;

(3x + 4)( 1 3x 1) 0; : 1 3x 0; x
3x + 4 0

1 3x 1

;
x 4

3
1 3x 1

1
;
3

4
x
3

x 0
x
4 1

;
3 . : x ; 0; .

3 3
4

x
x 0

x 0

) (2x 3) 5 2x 2x 3;
D: 5 2x 0; x

5
; (2x 3)( 5 2x 1) 0;
2

3
x
x
2
2

5 2 x 1 2 x 4
;
;

x 3
x

2
2

5 2 x 1 x 2

x 2
3 5

. : x ; 2; .
x 3
2 2

3.3.D08. ) (2x + 3) 4 x 2 + x 3 < 3(2x + 3);

(2x + 3)( 4 x 2 + x 3 + 3) < 0;

3
x
4
3
3
4 x + x 3 0

; x 1 ; x < . : x ; .

2
2
2
x
3
0
+
<

x < 3

2
2

) (2x + 5) x 2 5 x + 6 < 2(2x + 5);


(2x + 5)( x 2 5 x + 6 + 2) < 0;
2 x + 5 < 0
;
2
x 5 x + 6 0

180

x < 2
5
5

x 3 ;x < . : x ; .

2
2

x 2

3.3.D09.
) 3x 19 x 4 2 x 17 ;
3 x 19 0

: x 4 0

2 x 17 0

17
.
2

3x 19 x 4 + 2 x 17 ; 3x 19 x 4 + 2x 17 + 2 x 4 2 x 17 ;

2 2 x 4 2 x 17 ; 1 (x 4)(2x 17); 2x2 25x + 67 0;


D = 625 867 = 89; x =

25 89 25 89
25 + 89
;
<x<
;
4
4
4

17 25 + 89
;
.
4
2

: x

x 1 0
19

5 x 18 x 1 4 x 19 ; : 5 x 18 0 ; x
.
4
4 x 19 0

5 x 18 x 1 + 4 x 19 ; 5x 18 5x 20 + 2 x 1 4 x 19 ;
1 (x 1)(4x 19); 4x2 23x + 18 0; D = 529 1618 = 241;
23 241
23 + 241
<x<
.
8
8
19 23 + 241
;
.
8
4

: x
3.3.D10.

x 2 + 5 x 14 + x 2 8 x + 7 2 x 2 7 3x ;

2x2 3x 7 + 2 x 2 + 5 x 14 x 2 8 x + 7 2x2 7 3x;


x 2 + 5 x 14 x 2 8 x + 7 0;
x 2 + 5 x 14 0 x 2

x 7 ;
D: x 2 8 x + 7 0 ;

x7
2 x 7 3 x 0
x 1

x 7
.

x 7

: x (; 7] [7; +).

x 2 + 8 x + 7 + x 2 4 x 12 2 x 2 + 4 x 5 ;

2x2 + 4x 5 + 2 x 2 + 3x + 7 x 2 4 x 12 2x2 + 4x 5;
2 x 2 + 8 x + 7 x 2 4 x 12 0;
x 2 + 8 x + 7 0

D:

2
x 4 x 12 0

;
181

x 1

x 7 x 6
;
. : x (; 7] [6; +).

x 7
x 6
x 2

3.3.D11. ) 2 + 7 + 9 x

7 + 9 x 0
x + 13
7 3 3

; :
; x ; ; + .
x
4
3
0

4x 3
9 4 4

9x + 7
(7 + 9 x) 2
; 7 + 9x
;
4x 3
(4 x 3)2
7 + 9x
7 + 9x
((4 x 3) 2 7 9 x) 0 ;
(16 x 2 + 9 24 x 7 9 x) 0 ;
(4 x 3)2
(4 x 3)2
7 + 9x

x + 13 + 8 x 6
;
4x 3

7 + 9x

7 1
[2; +) .
9 16

(7 + 9x)(16x2 33x + 2) 0; : x ;
1

x
x +1
5
) 2 + 1 + 5 x
;
;
1
2x 1

5x 1

5x 1

x + 1 + 4x 2
;
2x 1

(5 x 1)2
; (5x 1)[(2x 1)2 (5x 1)] 0;
(2 x 1) 2

(5x 1)[4x2 4x + 1 5x + 1] 0; (5x 1)[4x2 9x + 2] 0;

x
1
1
1
2
5
4
1 1
1 1
x ; [2; +). : x ; [2; +) .
5 4
5 4
2

3.3.D12.

4x 1
4x 1
1

; ... x ;
5x 1
8 x
4
8 x 5x + 1
2x 3
0 ; 4x 1
0;
4x 1
(5 x 1)(8 x)
(5 x 1)( x 8)

+
1/4
)

+
3/2

3x 5
3x 5

;
2x 3
3 x

3x 5

+
5/3

182

1 3
x ;
4 2

x 3 + 2x 3
0;
( x 3)(2 x 3)

3x 5

8 .

x2
0;
( x 3)(2 x 3)

+
2

5
x [ 2;3) .
3

4.
.
6x
2
<
;
7
2
6 x 3

21 7 n 7 7n
;
+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x
+
+
, n Z;
7 4
4
3
24
3

24
7x 1
) sin < ;
9 2
7 x 7

3 18n 3 18n

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x +
; +
, n Z.
9 6
6
7 14
7

3.4. 01. ) sin

5x
3

;
4
2
5x
2

4 8n 8 8n
+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x +
, n Z.
; +
4 3
3
5 15
5

15

3.4. 02. ) sin

6x
3

;
5
2
6x
4

5 5n 20 5n
+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x +
+
, n Z.
;
5 3
3
3 18
3

18
7x
1
3.4. 03. ) cos ;
5
2
7 x 2
4

10 10n 20 10n

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x
, n Z.
+
+
;
5 3
3
7
21
7

21

) sin

5x
3

;
4
2
5 x 5
7
2 8n 14 8n

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x +
, n Z.
;
4 6
6
5 15
5

3
2x 1
3.4. 04. ) cos > ;
9 2
2x

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x + 9n; + 9n , n Z.
9 3
3
2

7x
1
) cos > ;
5
2
7 x 2
2

10 10n 10 10n
;

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x
+
+
, n Z.
5 3
3
7
21
7

21
8x
3.4. 05. ) tg < 1 ;
5
8x

5 5n 5 5n
+ n; + n , n Z; x +
; +
, n Z.
5 2
4
8 32
8

16
6x
) tg < 1 ;
5

) cos

183

6x

5 5n 5 5n
+ n; + n , n Z; x +
; +
, n Z.
5 2
4
6
24
6

12
3.4. 06. ) tg 7 x 1 ;
3
7x
3

3n 9 3n
; +
n; + n , n Z; x
, n Z.
3
4
7

7 28
7x
) tg 1 ;
4
7x

4n 4n
; +
n; + n , n Z; x
, n Z.
4
4
7

7 7

3.4. 01. ) cos 2 x


2x

7
3
;

3 2

13

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x
+ n; + n , n Z.
3 6
6
4

12

4
3

3
2

4 5
5
13

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x + n;
+ n , n Z.
2x
3 6
6
12

) cos 2 x

3.4 02. ) tg 6 x +
;
4
3

5 n 7 n
+ n; + n , n Z; x + ; + , n Z.
4 2
6

24 6 72 6

) tg 5 x +
;
4
3

6x +

3 n 5 n
+ n; + n , n Z; x + ; + , n Z.
4 2
6
60 5

20 5

3.4. 03. ) tg 2 x + > 1 ;


4

n n
2 x + + n; + n , n Z; x ; + , n Z.
4 4
2

2 8 2
7

) tg 3x > 1 ;
3

n 17 n

25
+ n; + n , n Z; x + ;
+ , n Z.
3x
3 4
2
3 18
3

36

3.4. 04. ) ctg 2 x + <


;
4
3

n 3 n
2 x + + n; + n , n Z; x + ; + , n Z.
4 3
2

24 2 8
5x +

184

7 n n
8 x + n; + n , n Z; x
+ ; + , n Z.
3 4

96 8 6 8

3.4. 05. ) ctg 4 x 1 ;


4

) ctg 8 x < 1 ;
3

n n
n; + n , n Z; x + ; + , n Z.
4
4
16 4 8 4

3 1

;
) ctg 7 x +
4
3

4x

7x +

3 n 5 n
n; + n , n Z; x + ; + , n Z.
4
3
84 7
28 7

3.4.06. ) sin 5 x cos 5 x


; sin 10 x
;
6
6 4
3 2

10 x

7
2
8 n 3 n

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x + ; + , n Z.
3 3
3
30 5 10 5

5
5
2
5
2

; sin 6 x
;
cos 3 x
6
6
4
3
2

5
3

23 n 29 n
6 x + 2n; + 2n , n Z; x
+ ;
+ , n Z.
3 4
4
3 72
3

72

) sin 3x

7
7
3
7
3

2
; cos 10 x
;
sin 5 x
4
4
2
4
2

7 5
7

13 n 14 n

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x
10 x
+ ;
+ , n Z.
4 6
6
5 30
5
30

3.4.07. ) cos 2 5 x

7
7
2
14
2

2
; cos 6 x +
;
sin 3x +
+

3
3
2
3
2

14
7

53 2n 35 2n
+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x
, n Z.
6x +
;
+
+
3
4
3
72
3
4

72
5x
5x
5 1
3.4.08. ) 10sin2
+ 13sin
9 0; D = 169 + 360 = 232; sin x ;
9
9
9 2
5
5

3 18n 3 18n
, n Z.
x + 2n; + 2n , n Z; x +
; +
9
6
5
2
5
6

10
5x
5x
5x 1
) 2sin2
+ 5sin
3 0; D = 25 + 24 = 49; sin ;
2
2
2 2
5x
5
4n 4n

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x +
, n Z.
; +
2 6
6
5 3
5

15
7x
7x
7x
7x
3.4.09. ) 5cos
+ 9cos
2 0; 10cos2
+ 9cos
7 0;
2
4
4
4

) cos 2 3x +

185

5
7x 1 7x

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z;
;
3
4 2 4 3

4 8n 20 8n , n Z.
+
;
x +
7 21
7
21
8x
4x
4x
4x
D
5 0; cos2
+ 8cos
5 0;
= 16 + 20 = 36;
) 2cos + 8cos
3
3
3
3
4
4x 1
3n 5 3n
; x +
, n Z.
cos
; +
3 2
2 4
2
4

D = 81 + 280 = 361; cos

3.4.10. ) sin 3x +
;
4
2

3x +

3 5

2 2n 2n
; +
+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x
, n Z.
+
4 4
4
3
6
3

;
) sin 4 x
6
2

4x

7 n
+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x
+ ; + , n Z.
6 4
4
48 2
48 2

3.4.11. ) sin 5 x
5x

4
3
;
>
3
2

4
4

2n 8 2n
+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x +
, n Z.
; +
3 3
3
5 15
5

;
) sin 9 x + >
3
2

9x +

2n 5 2n
;
+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x
+
+
, n Z.
3 4
4
9 108
9

108

3.4.12. ) cos 2 x <


;
6
2

2x

7
7
35

17

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x
+ n;
+ n , n Z.
6 4
4
24
24

) cos 4 x + 5 < 3 ;
4
2

5 5
7
n

5 n
+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x + ; + , n Z.
4x +
4 6
6
48 2

48 2

3.4.01 ) 7 sin 3x +

4
<6;
9

4
6
6

3x +
arcsin + 2n; arcsin + 2n , n Z;
9
7
7

186

6
4
6
13

arcsin + 2n;
+ arcsin + 2n , n Z;
3x
27
7
9
7

6 2n 4 1
6 2n
13 1
arcsin +
+ arcsin +
;
x
, n Z.
7
3
27 3
7
3
27 3
7
6
7
6
6

< ; 2x +
arcsin + 2n; arcsin + 2n , n Z;
8
7
8
7
7

6
7 1
6
15 1

x
+ arcsin + n;
arcsin + n , n Z.
7
16 2
7
16 2

) sin 2 x +

3.4.02. ) cos 6 x + < ;


3
9

5
5
5

6 x + + arccos + 2n; arccos + 2n , n Z;


3
9
9

5 n 1
5 n
4 1
+ arcsin + ; arcsin + , n Z.
x
9 3
9 6
9 3
9 6

2

2


2 n 5 1
2 n
7 1
+ arccos + ; arccos + , n Z.
x
7 2 24 4
7 2
24 4

) cos 4 x + > ; 4 x + + arccos + 2n; arccos + 2n , n Z;


6
7
6
7
7

3.4.03. ) tg 5 x ; 5 x arctg + n; + n , n Z;
4
9
4
9
2

5 n 3 n
1
x arctg + ; + , n Z.
9 5 20 5
20 5
7 2

) tg 5 x + ;
4 5

7
2

2 n n

7 1
arctg + n; + n , n Z; x + arctg + ; + , n Z.
4
5
2
5 5
4 5

20 5
7 4

3.4.04. ) ctg 2 x ;
9 7

5x +

7
4
4 n 8 n
7 1

arcctg + n; + n , n Z; x + arcctg + ; + , n Z.
9
7
7 2 9 2

18 2

) ctg 6 x ;
3
8

2x


3
3 n 2 n
2 1

6 x arcctg + n; + n , n Z; x arcctg + ; + , n Z.
3
8
8 6 9 6
9 6

3.4.05. ) sin 5 x 3 cos 5 x 3 ; cos5x sin5x 0; cos 5 x + 0 ;


4

2
2

5x +

3 2n 2n

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x +
, n Z.
; +
4 2
2
5 20
5

20

187

) sin 4 x

7
7
7

0;
cos 4 x ; sin 4 x
4
4
4 4

4x [2n; + 2n] , n Z; x ; + , n Z.
2 4 2

3.4.06. ) sin 3x +
3x +

25
37 2n 25 2n
;
+
+
( + 2n; 2n ) , n Z; x
, n Z.
3
36
3
12
36

) sin 4 x
4x

2
2
2

<0;
< cos 4 x ; sin 4 x
3
3
3 4

11
n 11 n
+ , n Z.
( + 2n; 2n ) , n Z; x + ;
2
12
48 2 48

3.4.07. ) cos 5 x
5x

7
7
7

<0;
< cos 3x +
; sin 3 x +
3
3
3 4

4
4
4
2

>
;
< sin 5 x 1 ; sin 5 x
3
3
3 4
2

19
3

11 2n 7 2n
+ 2n;
+ 2n , n Z; x
+
; +
, n Z.
12 4
4
5 15
5

30
5

;
) cos 2 x + < sin 2 x + 1 ; sin 2 x + >
6
6
6 4
2

2x +

7
3

+ 2n;
+ 2n , n Z; x + n; + n , n Z.
6
12
12 4
4

3.4.08. ) 5cos 2 2 x + 2sin 2 x + 3 0 ;


7
7

5
5

5sin 2 2 x sin 2 x 4 0 ; D = 1 + 80 = 81;


7
7

5
4

sin 2 x 1; {1} ;
7
5

5x
4
4

2 x + arcsin + 2n; arcsin + 2n + 2n , n Z;


7
5
5
2

4
5 1
4
1
17

+ n , n Z.
x + arcsin + n; arcsin + n
5
14 2
5
7 2
28

) 3cos 2 4 x + + 4sin 4 x + 1 0 ;
7
7

4
4
D

3sin 2 4 x + 2sin 4 x + 1 0 ;
= 1 + 3 = 4;
7
7
4

4
1

sin 4 x + 1; {1} ;
7
3


4
1
1

+ arcsin + 2n; arcsin + 2n + 2n , n Z;


4x +
7
3
3
2

188

1 n 1
1 n n
11 1
x
+ arcsin + ; arcsin + + , n Z.
28
4
3
2
7
4
3 2 56 2

3.4.09. ) 5cos 2 4 x 2 cos 4 x 3 0 ;


7
7

3
3
3
3
3 n

= 2n; x = +
;
cos 4 x {1} 1; ; cos 4 x = 1 ; 4x
7
5
7
7
28 2

3
3
3
3
3

cos 4 x ; 4 x arccos + 2n; + arccos + 2n ;


7
5
7
5
5

3 n 5 1
3 n
5 1
x arccos + ;
+ arccos + .
14
4
5
2
14
4
5
2

n 5

: arccos + ;
+ arccos + + , n Z.
5 2 14 4
5 2 28 2
14 4

) 9 cos 2 2 x +

5
5
5
1

8cos 2 x + 1 0 ; cos 2 x + ; [1; + ) ;


4
4
4
9

= 2n, n Z; x = + n , n Z;
.. |cos| 1 cos 2 x + = 1 ; 2x +
4
4
8

5
1
5
1
1

arccos + 2n; + arccos + 2n , n Z;


cos 2 x ; 2 x +
4
9
4
9
9

1
1
1
1

x arccos + n; + arccos + n , n Z.
9
8 2
9
8 2

1
2

1
9

1
2

1
9

: x arccos + n; + arccos + n n

3.4.10. ) sin 2 x +

5
, n Z.
8

3
3
1

; : sin 2 x + 0 ;

4
4 42

3
2
3

sin 2 x + 0;
; 2 x + 2n; + 2n + 2n; + 2n , n Z;
4
4
4 2
4

x + n; + n n; + n , n Z.
4
8
8

3
5
5
3

; : sin 2 x + 0 ; sin 2 x + 0; ;
4
12
12 2

sin 2 x +
12

2x +

2n; + 2n + 2n; + 2n , n Z;
12
3
3

7
5

+ n , n Z.
x + n; + n + n;
24
24
24
8

3.4.11. )

sin 4 x + <
3

5
3

; : sin 4 x + 0 ;
3
4

189

5
3
2

2n; + 2n
+ 2n; + 2n , n Z;
sin 4 x + 0;
; 4x +
3
3
3 2
3

n n
n
5 n
x + ; + + ; + , n Z.
3 2 4 2
6 2
12 2

2
1
2
2

sin 5 x < 4 ; : sin 5 x 0 ; sin 5 x 0;


;
3
3
3 2
2

5x

2n; + 2n + 2n; + 2n , n Z;
3
4
4

2 2n 11 2n 17 2n 2n
+
+
, n Z.
;
; +
x +

5
60
5 60
5
3
5
15

3.4.12. ) cos 7 x sin 7 x


3
3
7x

1
2

; sin 7 x ;
3 4 2

7 7

2n 3 2n

; +

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x +
, n Z.
12 6
6
7 28
7
12

) cos 4 x + sin 4 x +
; sin 4 x +
;
3
3
2
3 4 2

4x +

5 4

7 n

+ 2n; + 2n , n Z; x
+ ; + , n Z.
12 3
3
48 2
16 2

D.

= 25 + 75 = 100;
3.4.D01. ) 25sin 2 9 x + 10sin 9 x + 3 0 ;
3
3
4

2
1 3

sin 9 x +
1; ;
3
5 5

9x +

1 ;

2
1
1

+ arcsin + 2n; arcsin + 2n


3
5
5

3
5

3
5

arcsin + 2n; arcsin + 2n , n Z;


1 2n 2 1
1 2n
5 1
arcsin +

;
x + arcsin +
5
9
27 9
5
9
27 9
3 2n 1
3 2n
2 1
, n Z.
; arcsin +
+ arcsin +
5
9 27 9
5
9
27 9

) 49sin 2 3x + 7sin x 6 0 ; D = 1225;


9
9

4
3 2

sin 3 x 1; ;
9
7 7

3x

190

1 ;

4
3
3

arcsin + 2n; arcsin + 2n


9
7
7

2
7

2
7

arcsin + 2n; arcsin + 2n , n Z;


3 2n 4 1
3 2n
5 1
; arcsin +
x + arcsin +

7
3 27 3
7
3
27 3
2 2n 13 1
2 2n
4 1
+ arcsin +
arcsin +
, n Z.
;
27
3
7
3
27
3
7
3

3.4.D02. ) 35cos 2 3x + 11cos 3x + 6 0 ; D = 121 + 840 = 312;


4
4

5 2 3
5
2
3

arccos + 2n; arccos + 2n


cos 3 x + ; ; 3 x +
4
7
5
4
7
5

3
5

2
7

arccos + 2n; arccos + 2n , n Z;


2 2n 5 1
3 2n
3 1

; arccos +
x + arccos +
4
2
7
3
12
3
5
3

3 2n 1
3 2n
5 1
+ arccos +
; arccos +
, n Z.
5
3
12 3
5
3
12 3

= 4 + 60 = 64;
) 15cos 2 8 x + + 4 cos 8 x + 4 0 ;
7
7
4

2 2

2
2

cos 8 x + ; ; 8 x + + arccos + 2n; arccos + 2n


7 3 5
7
3
5

2
5

2
3

arccos + 2n; arccos + 2n , n Z;


2 n
1
2 n
1
x + arccos + ; arccos +
3 4
56 8
5 4
7 8
2 n 3 1
2 n
1
+ arccos + ; arccos + , n Z.
56
8
5
4
28
8
3
4

2
3.4.D03. ) 18tg 2 x + + 27tg 2 x + 5 < 0 ; D = 729 + 369 = 332;
3
3

5 5 1
5
5
1

arctg + 2n; arctg + 2n


tg 2 x + ; ; 2 x +
3 3 6
3
3
6

5
1

3
6

5
5 1
1
5 1

x arctg + n; + arctg + n
3
6 2
6
6 2

arctg + 2n; + arctg + 2n , n Z;

- - 1 arctg 5 + n; - + 1 arctg 1 + n , n Z.
3 2

5
5
D

= 169 + 120 = 289;


) 24tg 2 x + 26tg 2 x 5 < 0 ;
8
8
4

191

5 5 1
5
5
1

tg 2 x ; ; 2 x arctg + 2n; arctg + 2n


8
4
6
8
4
6

5
4

1
6

arctg + 2n; + arctg + 2n , n Z;


5
5 1
1
5 1

x arctg + n; + arctg + n
16
2
4
16
2
6

5
13 1
1
13 1

arctg + n;
+ arctg + n , n Z.
4
16 2
6
16 2

3.4.D04. ) 35ctg 2 4 x

3
3
D

= 9 + 315 = 324;
+ 6ctg 4 x 9 > 0 ;
4
4
4

3
3 3

ctg 4 x ; ; + ;
4
5 7

4x

3
3
3


2n; arcctg + 2n arcctg + 2n; + 2n
4
7
5

3
7

3
5

+ 2n; + arcctg + 2n 2 arcctg + 2n; 2 + 2n , n Z;


3 n 7 1
3 n 7 n
3 n 3 1
arcctg + ; +
x + ; + arcctg +
16
2
16
4
7
2
16
4
5
2 16 2


3 n 11 1
3 n 11 n
7 n 7 1
+ ; + arcctg +
arcctg + ;
+ , n Z.
7 2 16 4
5 4 16
2
16 2 16 4

2
2

2
+ 7ctg 9 x 12 > 0 ; D = 49 + 48 49 = 49 ;
5
5

2
4 3

ctg 9 x ; ; + ;
5
7
7

) 49ctg 2 9 x

9x

2
3
4

n; arcctg + n arcctg + n; + n , n Z;
5
7
7

3 n 7 1
4 n 7 n
2 n 2 1
+ ; + arcctg +
arcctg + ; + , n Z.
x
45
9
45
9
7
9
45
9
7
9 45 9

3.4.D05. ) 7sin 6 x + + 1 < 4 ; < sin 6 x + < ;


7
9 7
9

7
3
5

arcsin + 2n; + arcsin + 2n


9
7
7

arcsin 5 + 2n;arcsin 3 + 2n , n Z;

7
7

3 n 8 1
5 n
8 1
x arcsin + ; + arcsin +
7 3
27 6
7 3
27 6
5 n 7 1
3 n
7 1
arcsin + ; + arcsin + , n Z.
7 3
54 6
7 3
54 6
6x +

192

) 9sin 7 x
7x

3 1 9
4
3 5

< ; < sin 7 x < ;


4 2 2
9
4 9

3
5
4

arcsin + 2n; + arcsin + 2n


4
9
9

4
9

5
9

arcsin + 2n;arcsin + 2n , n Z;
5 2n
1
4 2n
1
; + arcsin +
x arcsin +

9
7
28 7
9
7
28 7
4 2n 3 1
5 2n
3 1
arcsin +
; + arcsin +
, n Z.
9
7 28 7
9
7
28 7


5 3
cos 4 x + >
6 7
5 1 5

3.4.D06. ) 7 cos 4 x + > ;


;

6
2
2
5
2

cos 4 x + <
6
7

5
3
3

4x +
arccos + 2n;arccos + 2n
6
7
7

2
2

arccos + 2n; + arccos + 2n , n Z;


7
7

3 n 5 1
3 n
5 1
x arccos + ; + arccos +
7 2
24 4
7 2
24 4
2 n 1
2 n
1
arccos + ; + arccos + , n Z.
7 2 24 4
7 2
24 4

4 1
cos 2 x >
3 5
4

) 5cos 2 x + 1 > 2 ;
;

3
4
3

<

cos
2

3
5

4
1
1

arccos + 2n;arccos + 2n
2x
3
5
5

3
3

arccos + 2n; + arccos + 2n , n Z;


5
5

1
2 1
1
2 1

arccos + n; + arccos + n
x
3
2
5
3
2
5

3
7 1
3
7 1

arccos + n; + arccos + n , n Z.
5
6 2
5
6 2


4
tg 2 x +
9 5

1
7

3.4.D07. ) 5tg 2 x + ;
;

9 2 2

tg 2 x +
9
5

193

2x +


3
4

+ n;arctg + n arctg + n; + n , n Z;
9 2
5
5
2

3 n 1
4 n 7 n
11 n 1
x
+ ; arctg + + arctg + ; + , n Z.
2 18 2
5 2 18 2
5 2 36 2
36


4 4
tg 3x
3 3
4

3
5

) 3tg 3x ;
;

3 2 2
4
1

tg 3x
3
3

3x

4
1
4


+ n;arctg + n arctg + n; + n , n Z;
3 2
3
3
2

1 n 4 1
4 n 11 n
5 n 4 1
x + ; arctg + + arctg + ;
+ , n Z.
3 3 9 3
3 3 18
3
18 3 9 3

3.4.D08. ) 7ctg 2 x +
2x +

7
7 2 6

4 2 ; ctg 2 x + ; ;
5 7 7
5

7
6
3

arcctg + n;arcctg + n , n Z;
5
7
7

6 n 7 1
2
7 1

x + arcctg + ; + arcctg + n , n Z.
7 2
10 2
7

10 2

5 1

) 6ctg 3x + 2 3 ; ctg 3x ; ;
8 6 6
8

3x

7
1
5

arcctg + n; arcctg + n , n Z;
8
6
6

1 n 15 1
5 n
7 1
arcctg + , n Z.
x + arcctg + ;
24
3
6
3
24
3
6 3

3.4.D09.

5sin 7 x + < 2
8
5 1 2

; sin 7 x + ; ;
)
8 4 5

4sin 7 x + 5 1

7x +

5
1
2

arcsin + 2n;arcsin + 2n
8
4
5

2
5

1
4

arcsin + 2n; arcsin + 2n , n Z;


1 2n 5 1
2 2n
5 1
x + arcsin +
; + arcsin +

56
7
4
7
56
7
5
7

2 2n 3 1
1 2n
3 1
arcsin +
, n Z.
; arcsin +
5
7 56 7
4
7
56 7

194


1
sin 3 x + <
4 9

5
1

)
; 3x + arcsin + 2n;arcsin + 2n
4
6
9

sin 3 x + 5


4
6

1
9

5
6

arcsin + 2n; + arcsin + 2n , n Z;


5 2n 1
1 2n
1
; + arcsin +
x arcsin +

6
3
12 3
9
3
12 3

3 1
1 2n 13 1
5

;
arcsin +
+ arcsin + 2n , n Z.
9
3 12 3
6

12 3

9 cos 7 x + 4
7
3 4 4

3.4.D10. )
; cos 7 x + ; ;
7 5 9

5cos 7 x + 3 + 4 > 0

7x +

3
4
4

+ arccos + 2n; arccos + 2n


7
5
9

4
9

4
5

arccos + 2n; arccos + 2n , n Z;


4 2n 3 1
4 2n
10 1
+ arccos +
; arccos +
x

49
7
5
7
49
7
9
7

4 2n 4 1
4 2n
3 1
+ arccos +
; arccos +
, n Z.
9
7 49 7
5
7
49 7

4 5

cos 2 x +
7 9 ;

)
cos 2 x + 4 > 1


7
4
4
1
5

2x +
+ arccos + 2n; arccos + 2n
7
4
9

5
1

arccos + 2n; arccos + 2n , n Z;


9
4

1
2 1
5
11 1

x
+ arccos + n;
arccos + n
4
7 2
9
14 2

5
3 1
1
2 1

+ arccos + n; arccos + n , n Z.
9
14 2
4
7 2


7 2
tg 3x <
4 7
7
1
2

3.4.D11. )
; 3x arctg + n;arctg + n , n Z;
4
4
7

7
1

tg 3x
>

4
4

195

1 n 7 1
2 n
7 1
x
arctg + ; + arctg + , n Z.
4 3 12 3
7 3
12 3

7 3
tg 5 x <
5 7 ; 5 x 7 arctg 1 + n;arctg 3 + n , n Z;
)

5
3
7

tg 5 x 7 > 1


5
3
1 n 7 1
3 n
7 1
x
arctg + ; + arctg + , n Z.
3 5 25 5
7 5
25 5

ctg 7 x +
9

3.4.D12. )
ctg 7 x + 4

5
3
1
6

; 7x +

4
5
1

arcctg + n;arcctg + n , n Z;
9
3
6

5 n 4 1
1 n
4 1
x
+ arcctg + ;
+ arcctg + , n Z.
3 7
63 7
6 7
63 7

2 4

ctg 5 x +
5 3
2
4
4

)
; 5 x + arcctg + n;arcctg + n , n Z;
5
3
5

2
4

ctg 5 x +


5 5
4 n 2 1
4 n
2 1
x
+ arcctg + ;
+ arcctg + , n Z.
3 5
25 5
5 5
25 5

5.
.
3.5.01. ) 20052x17 2005x5; 2x 17 x 5; x 12. : (; 12].
) 20034x+39 2003x+6; 4x + 39 x + 6; 3x 33; x 11. : (; 11].
1

3.3.02. )
6
1

2x

1
>6;
6

3x

2x

1
1
> ; 2x < 1; x < . :
2
6

; .
2

) > 3 ; > ; 3x < 1; x < . : ; .


3
3

27
3
3

3.5.03. ) 8,677x+3 < 1; 7x + 3 < 0; x < . : ; .


7
7
1
7

1
7

) 8,627x+1 > 1; 7x + 1 > 0; x > . : ; + .


1

3.5.04. ) 45x+3 16; 5x + 3 2; x . : ; + .


5
5

) 33x8 9; 3x 8 2; x

10
. :
3

10

.
;
3

3.5.05. ) 5x+1 5x < 20; 5 1 < 20 5x; 5x > ; > ; x < 1. : (; 1).
5
5 5

196

24 x 1
; 3 > ; x < 1. : (; 1).
3
3x

) 3x+2 3x < 24; 9 1 <


23 x 1 16

5
3

; 23x1 16; 23x1 24; 3x 1 4; x ;

3.5.06. )

2
x x 12 < 0

x2 x 12 = 0; D = 1 + 48 = 49; x1 =

1+ 7
1 7
= 4 ; x2 =
= 3 ;
2
2

(x 4)(x + 3) < 0;
+

3 < x < 4. : 3; .
3

4 x +1
9
3

x + 4 x 5 < 0

; 34x+1 9; 4x + 1 2; x

1 2
; x + 4x 5 = 0;
4

x1 = 1; x2 = 5; (x 1)(x + 5) < 0;
+

5 < x < 1. : 5;

1
.
4

.
1

x 2 13 x + 39

3.5.01. )

1
2
2

; x 13x + 39 3; x 13x + 42 0;
7

x2 13 + 42 = 0; x1 = 6; x2 = 7.
+

+
6

: [6; 7].
1

x 2 x 16

1
2
2

; x x 16 4; x x 12 0; x1 = 3; x2 = 4.
2

3
: [3; 4].

3.5.02. )

( 5)

2x

( 8)

4x

4
3

2; 2 2

55 ; x

4 x

2; 6x 1; x

1
. :
6

; .
6

1
1

. : ; + .
5
5

197

5 x 3

3.5.03. ) 2 x
4
5

< 2 ; 2x 22(5x3) < 2; 29x+6 < 2; 9x + 6 < 1; x >

5
.
9

: ; + .
9

81

2x +3

) 3x

< 9 ; 3x 34(2x+3) < 32; x 8x 12 < 2; x > 2; : (2; +).

3x2 < 918

3.5.04. )

4 x + 3 24
21

: 6; .
4

4 x2 < 6412

; 4x + 3 24; x

; 4x 1 14; x

4 x 1 14
13
: ; 6 .
4

3.5.05. )

(5 5 )

21 x2
; 3 < 918; x2 < 36; 6 < x < 6.
4

2
13
; 4 x < 6412; x2 < 36; 6 < x < 6.
4

1
5 >0;

x4
x
1

5 5 >0
; x 4 > 0; x > 4; 5 5
1)
5
x 4 > 0

3x
2
> 1 ; x > ;
2
3
x
1

5 5 <0
; x 4 < 0; x < 4; 5 5
2)
5
x 4 < 0

x
1
> 0 ; 5 2 > 51;
5

1
2
<0; x< .
5
3

: ; (4; +) .
3
)

(6 6 )

36

x5

6 6

1)

<0;

36 < 0

x 5 > 0

6 6

2)

36 > 0

x 5 < 0
4
: ; 5 .
3

198

; x > 5; 6 2 < 62;


3

3
4
x<2; x< ;
2
3

; x < 5; 6 2 > 62; x >

4
.
3

1
1 2x
2;
0;
x
x
1

1 2 x 0 x
;
1)
2;
x > 0
x > 0

3.5.06. ) 2 x 4 ;

1 2 x 0 x
;
2.
x < 0
x < 0

2)

: 0; .
2
5

5
5 2x
2;
0;
x
x
5

5 2 x 0 x
;
1)
2;
x > 0
x > 0

) 5 x 25 ;

72x

3.5.07. )
2
1

35 x

)
4

5 2 x 0 x
;
2 . :
x < 0
x < 0

2)

1
5
; 7 2x 2; x . :
4
2

5
0; .
2

2 ; + .

1
1
1

; 3 5x 2; 5x 1; x . : ; .
5
16
5

x 3

x3
x 3 + 15 3x
1 5 x
>0;
3.5.08 ) < 64 ;
> 3 ;
5 x
5 x
4
2 x + 12 > 0 x < 5
;
;
5 x > 0
x < 6

2 x + 12 < 0 x > 5
;
.
x < 6
5 x < 0

2)

1)

: (; 5) (6; +).
x 1

1 3 x

)
3

> 27 ;

x 1
x 1 + 9 3x
2 x + 8
< 3 ;
<0;
<0;
3 x
3 x
3 x

2 x + 8 > 0 x < 3
;
;
3 x > 0
x > 4

2 x + 8 > 0 x > 3
;
.
3 x < 0
x < 4

2)

1)

: (3; 4).
3.5.09. ) 64

1
47 x 9
8x 3

7 x 9

6
1
6

; 7x 9 3; x . : ; + .
7
4
7

1
1
1

; 8x 3 2; x . : ; .
8
8
68 x 3

6
6
3x2
3x1
3.5.10. ) 2
+2
6; 1 + 2 3 x 2 ;
2
1
(3x2)
; 3x + 2 1; x 1. : [1; +).
2
2
6
3x2
+ 43x1 80; 1 + 4 3 x 2 ; 4(3x2) 1 ; 3x + 2 2;
) 4
2
16

) 36

;
4

;
6

199

x 4 . : ; .
3

2
1
3.5.11. ) 2
>
; 24 x 11x > 26 ; 4x2 11x > 6; 4x2 11x + 6 > 0;
64
11 5 3
11 + 5
2
4x 11x + 6 = 0; D = 121 446 = 25; x1 =
= 2.
= , x2 =
8
4
8
3

4 x 2 11x

3
4

: (;

3
) (2; +).
4

2
1
; 34 x 7 x < 33 ; 4x2 7x < 3; 4x2 7x + 3 < 0;
27
7 +1
7 1 3
2
= 1, x2 =
= .
4x 7x + 3 = 0; D = 49 443 = 1; x1 =
8
8
4

) 34 x

7 x

<

3
4

: ; 1 .
4
x 2 24
x 6

x 2 24
x 6

x 2 24
1
1 ;
;
x6
6
6 x 5
6 x 5
( x + 6)( x 5)
x 2 + x 30
0;
0 ; x 6
. ,
.
x6
x6
x > 6
x 6

1
3.5.12. )
6

1
6;
6

+
5

+
6

: [6; 5] (6; +).

x +11x + 49
1 2 x 9

)
5

5;

x 2 + 11x + 49
x 2 + 2 x 9 + 11x + 49
1 ;
0;
2x 9
2x 9

( x + 5)( x + 8)
x 2 + 13 x + 40
0;
0.
2x 9
2x 9
+

+
8

4,5

: (; 8] [5; 4,5).

.
3.5.01
25
x +3
x
3 2 3
9 ;
x2 + 2 x 3 < 0

200

25

x
x 2
25 3
;
; 2 x < 1. : [2; 1).
9

( x + 3)( x 1) < 0 3 < x < 1

11
x+2
x
4 5 4
64 ;
x2 + 2x 8 < 0

11

x
x 3
11 4
;
; 3 x < 2. : [3; 2).
64

( x + 4)( x 2) < 0 4 < x < 2

3.5.02. )4x+1 + 4x+1 + 22x1 > 68; 8


3

1 x
3
4 > 17 4; 4 x > 4 2 ; x > .
2
2

: ; + .
2

1
3

) 9x1 + 9x1 32x3 > 45; 2 32 x 2 32 x 2 > 5 32 ; 5 32x2 > 5 33;


2x 2 > 3; x >

5
5

. : ; + .
2
2

3.5.03. )4x+1 + 4x+1 + 22x+1 < 40; 2 22x+2 + 22x+1 < 5 23;
22x+1(4 + 1) < 5 23; 2x + 1 < 3; x < 1. : (; 1).
) 9x1 + 9x1 32x3 < 45; 2 32x2 32x3 < 5 32; 32x2(6 1) < 5 33;

2x 2 < 3; x <
3.5.04. )

5
. :
2

; .
2

1
1
2 2x 2x 1
2 x +1 1
0; x

; x 1; x
0;
x
x
(2 + 1)(2 2 )
(2 + 1)(2 2 x )
2 +1 2 2
x

1
1
2
0 ; 2x 0; (2; +); x (; 1] (1; +).
(2 x + 1)(2 x 2)
2
2x

1
15
16 2 x 15 2 x 15
1 16 2 x

; x 4;
0; x
0;
x
x
x
(2 + 1)(16 2 )
(2 + 1)(16 2 x )
2 + 1 16 2
1
2x
1

16
0 ; 2x ; 16 ; x [4; 4).
(2 x + 1)(2 x 16)
16

6x + 5
<0

3.5.05 ) x 6

4 x 34 2 x + 64 > 0

5
< x < 6
;
6
( x 5)( x 1) > 0

5
< x < 6

; 6

(2 x 32)(2 x 2) > 0

5
6 < x < 6

5
. : ; 1 (5; 6).
x>5

x < 1

1
5x 1
1
< x < 6
<0

<x<6
) x 6
; 5
; 5
;
4 x 9 2 x + 8 < 0 (4 x 8)(4 x 1) < 0 ( x 3 ) x < 0

3
1
< x < . :
5
2

5
6 < x < 6
;

0 < x < 3

1 3
; .
5 2

201

3.5.06. ) 34x2 82 32x1 + 81 0; (32x1 81)(32x1 1) 0;


(2x 1 4)(2x 1) 0; (2x 5)(2x 1) 0;
1

x 2 2
1 1

. : ; 2 ; + .

1
2 2

) 62x4 37 6x2 + 36 0; (6x2 36)(6x2 1) 0; (x 2 2)(x 2) 0;


2 x 4. : [2; 4].
3.5.07 )

16 x 256
( x 2)
0;
0;
( x + 7)( x + 3)
x + 10 x + 21
2

+
3

x (7; 3) [2; +).

x (; 7) (5; 2].

13x 169
( x 2)
0;
0;
) 2
( x + 7)( x + 5)
x + 12 x + 35
+

+
5

(256 4 x )(2 x 64)


(4 x)( x 6)
0;
0;
3.5.08. )
(3x 3)(10 x + 7)
( x 1)(10 x + 7)

1
x

x (; 1) [4; 6].

(36 6 )(3 243)


(2 x)( x 5)
0;
0;
(12 x 12)(20 x + 19)
( x 1)(20 x + 19)

x +1
1 x2

3.5.09. )
4

5
>

x 1
64 x + 2

x
x +1
4 2 x

>

3 x 3
4 x+2

x (1; 2] [5; +).


x + 1 3x 3
>
;
2 x x+2

4 x2 6 x + 8
x 2 + 3x + 2 + 3x 2 9 x + 6
>0;
>0;
( x + 2)(2 x)
( x + 2)(2 x)

4x2 6x + 8 = 0; D = 36 128 < 0; (x + 2)(x 2) < 0; 2 < x < 2;


: x (2; 2).
x 1

x4

1 x

2 x 8

1 x 2x 8
1 x4
<
;
) < 9 x + 4 ; 3 x 4 < 3 x + 4 ;
x4 x+4
3
2 x 2 16 x + 32 + x 2 + 3 x 4
3 x 2 13x + 28
> 0;
>0;
( x 4)( x + 4)
( x 4)( x + 4)

x > 4

.
3x2 13x + 28 = 0; D = 169 28 12 < 0;
x < 4
: (; 4) (4; +).
202

16
> 17; 22x 17 2x + 16 > 0; (2x 16)(2x 1) > 0;
2x
x > 4
. : (; 0) (4; +).
(x 4)x > 0;
x < 0
25
) 5x + x < 26; 52x 26 5x + 25 < 0; (5x 25)(5x 1) < 0; x(x 2) < 0;
5

3.5.10. ) 2x +

0 < x < 2. : (0; 2).


3.5.11. ) 4

D=

5
2

5 x 2,5 1
1
0 ; 22 x 5
+ 0;
2
8
8
4 2
5
3

= 4 2 4 2 = 2 x 2,5 = 22,5 2 2,5 = 20,5 ;


2

5 2 x 5 +

25 1 9
=
; 2 x 2, 5
32 2 32

(2x2,5 20,5)(2x2,5 22,5) 0; (x 2,5 + 0,5)(x 2,5 + 2,5) 0; x(x 2) 0;


x 0
x 2 . : (; 0] [2; +).

) 4

x 1, 5

3
2

3 2 x 3 +

1
3 x 1,5 1
9 8 1
0 ; 22 x 3
+ 0; D= = ;
2
8 8 8
4
4
2 2

3
1

2
2
2
2 = 2 1,5 = 21,5 2 1,5 = 20,5 ;
=
2

(2x1,5 21,5)(2x1,5 20,5) 0;

x 1,5 1,5 x 0
;
; 0 x 1. : [0; 1].

x 1,5 0,5 x 1

3.5.12 ) 16x 14 4x 32 0; (4x)2 14 4x 32 0;


4x [2; 16]; 4x 16; 4x 42; x 2. : (; 2].
) 9x + 2 3x 15 0; (3x + 5)(3x 3) 0; x 1. : [1; +).
D
3.5.D01.
0,5 x2 3 1
>
16
)
;
16
16 x 6 4 x + 8 0

0,5 x 2 3 > 1
;
x
x
(4 2)(4 4) 0

x2 > 4

x 1
;

x 2

x > 2

x < 2 x > 2
.
x 1 ;
x < 2

x 1

: (; 2) (2; +).
203

0,5 2 2
> 53
25

2
x 4 > 3

2x
x

9 11 3 + 18 0 3 11 3 + 18 0

2 > 1
;

3 9 3 2 0

)(

x (; 1) (1; +) x (; 1) (1; +)
;
. : [log32; 1) (1; 2].

x
2 3 9
x [log 3 2; 2]

3.5 DO2.
) -43+3+1-3+2<10-1-10; 3(-4+3-9)<10(0,1-1);
x

52+3<5+3

4 +1 +1 5
, 2 <5 ;
5
2

9
3
3 3
; > , x < 2. : (; 2).
>
10 100 10 10
1
) -3 2 +3+2+4-2+5>5+2-5+3; 2+3(-3+2-4)>5+3 1 ;
5
+1

> 1 ; +1>0; >-1. : (1; +).

3.5 DO3.
2

) 4-22(-2)- 8 3
22

( 3)

1 1

< 472 ; 22 1 < 472 ;


16 64

59
1
9

< 472 ; 22<864; 2<3+6; < 4 . : ; .


2
64
2

) 9 + 32( 1) + 27 3
32

( 2)

1 1
> 819 ; 32+32-2+32-4>819; 32 1 + + > 819 ;
9 81

91
> 819 ; 32>981; 2 > 2+4, >3. : (3; +).
81

3.5 DO4.
) 62

+6 > 6

+1

+6

; 62

7 + 6 > 0 ; 6

)(

6 6

1 > 0 ;

>1
>0
<1

; x > 1. : (1; +).

<0

) 22

+8 < 2

+3

+2

; 22

92

+ 8 < 0 ; 22

)(

8 2

1 < 0 ;

1 < 2 < 8 ; 0 < < 3 ; 0<<9. : (0; 9).


3.5. DO5.
) 8 3 6 + 2 < 8 ; 8(3x 1) 2x(3x 1) < 0; (3x 1)(8 2x) < 0;

x
0
3
: (; 0) (3; +).
) 3 2x 6x + 3x > 3; 3(2x 1) 3x(2x 1) > 0; (2x 1)(3 3x) > 0.

203

+
0

3.5. DO6. ) 0, 25 2 4

(4

)(

+1

: (0; 1).

< 2 ; 4 8 4 2 < 0 ; 42 2 4 8 < 0 ;

4 4 + 2 < 0 ; 4 < 4 ; -<1; >-1. : (1; +).

) 0,5 -32

+3

)(

>5; 0,52-50,5-24>0; 0,5 8 0,5 + 3 > 0 ;

0,5 -8>0; <3. : (; 3).


1
4
5 x +1 1 4 5 x 24
+1
;
0;
(5 x + 6)(5x +1 1)
5 + 6 5 1

3.5 DO7. )

5 x 25
1
0 ; 5 x 0; [25; +) ; x (; 1) [2; +).
(5 + 6)(5 x +1 1)
5
x

1
2
3 3x 1 2 3x 8
3x 9
+1
;
0; x
0;
x
x +1
(3 + 4)(3x +1 1)
3 + 4 3 1 (3 + 4)(3 1)
1
3x ;9 ; x (1; 2].
3

3.5 DO8. ) 4 15 2

4 0 ; 4 4

15 4 4 0 ;

1 1 1 1 1

4 + 4 4 0 ;

1
1
2 1
1
1
1 1 ; 2 ;
0 ; 0 < . : 0; .
2

4t 2 15t 4 0 ; D=225+64=172; t1 =

) 9 6 3
3

3 x [3; +) ;

3 0 ; 3

1
, t2 = 4 ;
4

1 1
6 3 3 0 ;
3

3 1 3 1
3 3 3 + 1 0 ;

3
3
2 3
3
1 1 ; 2 ;
0 ; 0 < . :
2

3
0; .
2

3.5 DO9. ) 2 3 + 4 < 2 + 4 3 ; 2 3 2 + 4 4 3 < 0 ;

) (

)(

3 2 4 2 4 < 0 ; 3 1 2 4 < 0 ;

+
x

(-, -2)(0, 2).

) ((

))

) 2 4 + 36 > 4 2 + 9 4 ; 4 2 9 4 2 9 > 0 ; (4x 4)(x 3)(x + 3) > 0;

+
3

3.5. D10. ) 16

1
2 2

+
3

+ 4 > 65 4

x
2 2 1

(-3, 1)(3, +).


; 42

2 2

t2

204

65
4
4

4225
3969 63
65
t+4 = 0 ; D =
16 =
= ; 4
4
16
16
4

2 2

x2 2

+4 > 0;

1
4
4

x2 2

16 > 0 ;

x 2 > 2 ; x 2 > 4; x > 6; t1,2

65 63

4 , t = 1 , t = 16 .
= 4
2
1
4
2

: (; 6 ) ( 6 ; +).
) 9
t2

2 1

2 1 1

+ 3 < 28 3

1
3
3

x 2 1

9 < 0 ;

: ( 5 ; 1] [1;
3.5. D11.
) 39
2

28
3
3

2 1

+3< 0; 3

x 2 1

=t ;

28 26
2

784
676 26
28
3 , t = 1 , t = 9;
t +3< 0; D =
12 =
= . t1,2 = 3
2
1
3
9
9
3
2
3

x 2 1

39

2 1

; 32

6 3 ; 39

9 39

x 2 1 < 2 ; 0 x2 1 < 4; 1 x2 < 5.

5 ).

6 3 39

6 3 ;

3 ; 9x2 2 2 9x2 2 1; x2
1

4
1
x2 ;
9
3

: ; ; ; + .
3 3 3 3

) 24

9 7 ; 7 24

1 42 5 4 ,

9 7 ; 2 24

16 ;

3
6
9
6 6 3
x2 , ,
, .

4
4
2 2 2
2

3.5. D12.

) 2 + 1

11
4

2 + 1 ;

11
3 12 + 11
0;
3;
4
4
1

2 0 ; 1 < 4 ; , 1 1 ;
2
2
4
1
> 4

11
2 0 ; 1 ;
3;
1 ; ,

4
4
x 0 x

I. 2-+11:

0<1;
II. 2-+11;

1
2

x > 4
x 0 .

: [ , 0] , 1 (4, +] .

) 2 + + 1
I. 2++11;

10
3

2 + + 1 ;
10
3;
3

3 9 + 10
0;
3

205

1
2 0.
3

> 3

.
x 1

-10.
1
2

, -1 .
10
3;
3

II. 2 + x + 1 1:

3 9 + 10
0;
3

1
+
x 0
2 0 ; 1 < 3 . , 0<3. : 1, 1 [ 0, 3)
x 1 ;

2
3

6.
.
3.6. 01.
) log3(x+28)3; x+2833; x-1. : [1; +).
) log6(x+34)2; x+3436; x2. : x2.
1

3.6. 02 ) log 1 ( + 23) 2 ; + 23 ; +2325; 2. : x2.


5
5

) log 1 ( + 24 ) 4 ; + 24 > ; +2416; 8.


2
2

3.6. 03.
) log 1 (1 3 ) 2 ; : 1-3>0; x <
2

: 1;

1
; (1-3)4; -33; -1.
3

1
.
3

) log 1 (14 ) 1 ; : 14->0; x < 14; 14-7; --7; 7. : [7; 14).


7

3.6. 04.
) log 6 2 + 14 1 ; 2+-146; 2+-200; 2+-20=0;

1 9
; 1=-5; 2=4; ( ; 5] [ 4; + ) .
2
: ( ; 5] [ 4; + ) .

D=1+420=81; =

) log5(2-3-5) 1; 2-3-55; 2-3-100; D=9+410=49; =

3 7
;
2

1=5, 2=-2; x (; 2] [5; +).


: x (; 2] [5; +)..
3.6. 05.
) log

1 (2 + 19)
140

log

1 (4 + 3)
140

2+194+3; -2-16; -2-16; x 8.


206

2 x + 19 > 0
3
; x> ;
4
3
0
+
>
x
4

; :

: [8; +).

) log133(3-4) log133(2+15);
3 4 > 0 3 > 4
:
;
;
2 + 15 > 0 2 x > 15

x > 3
4
> ;

3
x > 15

3-42+15; 19. :[19; +).


log 1 ( 3 + 28 ) 4

3.6. 06. )

4 1 < 3 2

3 + 28
16 ;

< 1

: 9

3 28
;
16

< 1

5 4 < + 4

2
3

; : 3+11>0; x > 3 ;

1
1

3 + 11
3 11
;
8;
8

4 < 8
< 2

15

5
9
3 27
16 ;

16 .
< 1
< 1

; 1 .
16

log 1 ( 3 + 11) 3

1
3

; : 3+28>0; x > 9 ;

1 88

3 10,875 3, 625
3
;
.
8 ;

< 2
< 2
< 2

: 3 ; 3,625 .
3
.
3.6. 01. ) log4(2++10)2;
2++1016;
2+-60;
D=1+46=25; =

2++10>0;
D=1-410<0;

1 5
; 1=-3; 2=2. : [-3; 2].
2

) log2(2+4+11)3; 2+4+118; 2+4+30; D=16-43=4;

4 2
; 1=-3, 2=-1. : [-3; -1].
2
> 0
3.6. 02. ) log4+log4(x-12)3; :
> 12 ;
12 > 0
=

log4((-12))3; 2-1264; 2-12-640; D=144+464=202;

12 20
; 1=-4, 2=16. : [16; +).
2
x > 0
) log3+log3(-24)4; :
; >24; log3((-24))4; 2-24-810;
x 24 > 0
=

D=242+481=302; =

24 30
; 1=27, 2=-6. : [27; +).
2

207

log 2 ( 3 + 4 ) 1 3 + 4 2 3 2
;
;
;
3.
24 3 0
3 24 8
8

3.6. 03. )
2

: ; 8 .
3
log 3 ( 5 1) 2
1 5 1 9 5 10 2
; : 5x 1 > 0; x > ;
;
;
.
5 5 25 5
25 5 0
5

: [2; 5].
> 64

log > 3
3.6. 04. ) log 24 > 9 ; 4
;
1 , :
log 4 < 3 0 < <

64

x > 9

log x > 2
;
). log32 > 4 ; 3
1 . :
log 3 x < 2 0 < x <

0; ( 9 + ) .
9

3.6. 05. ) log 1 ( 7 4 ) 1 ; : 7-4>0; x >


2

7-42; 76;

0;
( 64; + ) .
64

4
;
7

6
4 6
. : ; .
7
7 7

) log 1 ( 2 + 5 ) 2 ; : 2x + 5 > 0; x > 2,5;


2

2x + 5 16: x 5,5. : (2,5; 5,5].


3.6. 06. ) log

2
2

4+12; 41;
) log

3
3

( 4 x + 1) 2 ; : 4x + 1 > 0;

x>

1
;
4

1
1 1
. : ; .
4
4 4

( 5 + 2 ) 2 ; : 5x + 2 > 0;
2
5

1
5

5+23; 51; . : ;

x>

2
;
5

1
.
5

3.6. 07. ) log 1 ( 5 4 ) log 5 5 ; : 5x 4 > 0; x >


6

log 1 ( 5 4 ) 2 ; 5 4
6

). log 1 ( 4 + 1) log

log 1 ( 4 + 1) 2 ; 4+1
5

208

1
1
29
4 29
; 5 + 4 ;
. : ;

36
36
36
5 36

2 ; : 4x + 1 > 0; x >

4
;
5

1
;
4

1
24
6
; 4 ; . :
25
25
25

6
1
; .
4 25

3.6. 08.

2 + 8 12 > 0
;
4 + 9 > 0

) log 2 2 + 8 12 log 2 ( 4 x + 9 ) ; D()


5

112
112
112
; + 4 +
; +
; 4
4 +

2
2
2

9
>

2+8-12=0; D=64+412=112; =
D=16+421=102; =

8 112
; 2+8-124+9; 2+4-210;
2

4 10
; 1=-7, 2=3; (-; -7][3; ). : [3; ).
2

) log 4 2 + 10 + 18 log 4 ( 4 + 13) ;


11

11

2
+ 10 + 18 > 0
;
D():
4 + 13 > 0

28
28
28
; + 5 +
; +
; 5
5 +
2
2
2

> 3, 25

2+10+18=0; D=100-418=28; =
+

-5 -

10 28
;
2
-

28
2

-5 +

28
2

2+10+184+13; 2+6+50; D=36-45=16; =

6 4
;
2

1=-5, 2=-1. : [1; +).


3.6. 09.
) log9(-+83)>2; : x + 83 > 0; x < 83;
-+83>81; ->-2; <2. : (; 2).
) log2(-+11)>3; : x + 11 > 0; x < 11;
-+11>8; ->-3; <3.
: (; 3).
3.6. 10.
9 2
> 0 ( 9 2 )( + 2 ) > 0
9 2

;
;
< 0 ; +2
+2
2
2

9 2
9 2 2
7 3
<1;
<0;
< 0 ; (7-3)(+2)<0.
+2
+2
+2

) log 4

x (2; 4,5);

209

-2

) log 6

7
3

: ; 4,5 .
3

7 2
>0
7 2

0 ; : + 4
;
+4
4

( 7 2 )( + 4 ) > 0
;

x
-4
7/2
(-4; 3,5);
7 2
7 2
7 2 4
3 + 3
1
1 0 ;
0
0.
+4
+4
+4
+4

x
-4
1
: [1; 3,5).
3.6. 11.
) log19(2-16+65)0; D(): 2-16+65>0; D=162-465<0;
2-16+651; 2-16+640; (-8)20 =8.
: =8.
) log 1 x 2 + 14 + 50 0 ; 2+14+50>0; 2+14+501; 2+14+490;

18

(+7)20 =-7. : =-7.


3.6. 12.
) log6(+8)log8-(8-); log6(+8)1;
x + 8 > 0
8 < x < 8

; +86; -2. : x [2; 7) (7; 8).


8 x > 0 ;
8 x 1 x 7

) log4(+8)>log3-(3-); log4(+8)>1;
x + 8 > 0
8 < x < 3

D(x): 3 x > 0 ;
; +8>4; >4.
: x (4; 2) (2; 3).
3 x 1 x 2

.
1
1

;
3.6. 01. ) 1+
log 1 4 log + 8 4
1 + log 4 ( x 1) log 4 ( x + 8) 0

;
x 1 1
x + 8 1

210

4 x 4 x + 8

log 4 (4 x 4) log 4 ( x + 8) x 2

; x 7
;
x 2
x 7
4 x 4 > 0

x + 8 > 0

x 4

x 2 . : (1; 2) (2; 4].


x > 1

) 1+

1
1

;
log +1 3 log + 23 3

1 + log 3 ( x + 1) log 3 ( x + 23)

;
x +1 1
x + 23 1

log3 (3x + 3) log3 ( x + 23)

;
x 0
x 22

3x + 3 x + 23
x 0

;
x 22
3x + 3 > 0

x + 23 > 0

x 10

x 0 .
x > 1

: (1; 0) (0; 10].


3.6. 02. )
+

( x 1)( x + 5)
2 + 4 5
0;
0 ; x + 2 > 0; x > 2.
lg( + 2)
lg( x + 2)

+
x

x (2; 1) [1; +).

+ 20
0 ; x + 4 > 0, x > 4.
)
ln ( + 4 )
( x 4)( x + 5)
0;
ln( x + 4)
+

+
4

x (3; 4].

3.6. 03.
) log 1
3

+4
0;
9

D():

+4
> 0 ; (+4)(-9)>0; (; 4)(9; +);
9

+4
+4
+4 +9
1;
1 0 ;
0;
9
9
9
13
: x (; 4).
< 0 ; -9<0; <9.
9
+2
+2
) log 1
0 ; D():
>0; (+2)(+9)>0; (-; -9)(-2; +).

+
9
+9
2
+2
+2
+ 2 9
7
1;
1 0 ;
0;
0;
+9
+9
+9
+9

+9<0; <-9.

: (; 9).

2
1 . x > 0;
3.6.04. )
log 2 x + 1
2
2 log 2 2 x
1;
0;
log 2 2x
log 2 2 x

211

0 < log22x 2; 1 < 2x 4;


)

1
1
< x 2. : x ; 2 .
2
2

6
6
1 .
1 , x > 0;
log 3 x + 3
log 3 27x

log 3 27 x 6
0;
log 3 27 x

: x 0;

log 3 27 x < 0 27 x < 1


x < 27 .
;
;

log 3 27 x 6 27 x 27
x 27

1
[27; +) .
27

3.6. 05. ) log5(x+13)<log5(x+3)+log5(x-5).


x + 13 > 0

D(x): x + 3 > 0 x > 5;


x 5 > 0

x + 13 < x2 2x 15; x2 3x 28 > 0; (x 7)(x + 4) > 0;


+

+
x
4
5
7
x > 7. : x (7; +).
) log4(x + 7) < log4(1 x) + lod4(8 x).
x + 7 > 0 x > 7

1 x > 0 ; x < 1 ; 7 < x < 1;


8 x > 0 x < 8

log4(x + 7) < log4(1 x)(8 x); x + 7 < (1 x)(8 x);


8 9x + x2 x 7 > 0; x2 10x + 1 > 0; D = 100 4 = 96 = 16 6;
x > 5 + 2 6

10 4 6
x=
= 5 2 6 ; x < 5 2 6 ; 7 < x< 5 2 6 , 5 2 6 < 1 .
2

7 < x < 1

: x (7; 5 2 6 ).
3.6.06.
1
.
5
x 2 > 0 x > 2
1
log0,2(x 2) < log0,2 (4 x);
;
; 2 < x < 4;
5
4 x > 0 x < 4

) log0,2(x 2) log0,2(4 x) < log0,2

x 2 > (4 x); 5x 10 > 4 x; 6x > 14; x > 2 . : x 2 ; 4 .


5
3
3
) log0,5(x + 5) log0,5(3 x) > log0,5

1
1

. log 1 (x + 5) > log0,5 (3 x) ;


2
2

x + 5 > 0 x > 5
1
;
; 5 < x < 3; x + 5 > (3 x); 2x + 10 < 3 x;

2
3 x > 0 x < 3

212

3x < 7; x > 2 . : x 5; 2 .
3
3
3.6.07. )

lg 5 2 7 + 3
lg

) >2.

: 52-7+3>0; >0, 1. 52-7+3=0; D=49-453<0;


>1: lg(52-7+3)>2lg; 52-7+3>2; 42-7+3>0; D=49-48=1;
1,2 =

7 1
3
; 1=1, 2= .
8
4

+
x

3
4

: >1;
0<x<1: lg(5x27x+3)<2 lg; 527+3<2; 4x27x+3<0;

3
x ;
4

3
4

1 .

3
4

3.6. 07. )

: x ; 1 (1; +).

lg 8 2 11x + 4
lg

) < 2 . : 82-11+4>0; >0, 1.

D=121-128=-7<0: >0, 1;
>1: lg(82-11+4)<lg2; 72-11+4<0; D=121-112=9;
1,2 =

11 3
4
; x1 = 1, x2 = .
14
7

+
4
7

x < 1: 72-11+4>0;

+
4
7

: 0<<

( >1);
+
x

4
4

; : 0; .
7
7

213

1

3.6. 08. ) log8 1 + log 1 1 1 .

8
1
1 > 0
:
;
1 > 0
6

1
<1
;

< 6

> 1
1 < x < 6

.
< 0 ;
x < 0
< 6

1
1
1

8 (.. 8>1);
log8 1 + log 1 1 1 ;

6

8
1
6
1

1
8 4 1
4 x 2 21x 3
> 0 1 8
;
7 0 ;
0;

6
6
3
3x

42-21-30, D = 441 + 48 = 489,


1,2 =

21 489
.
8

+
21

489

+
21 +

489

21 489

8
, :
.
21 + 489
<6

: x ;

21 489 21 + 489
; 6 .

8
8

2

) log3 1 + log 1 1 1 .

2
1 > 0
:
;
1 > 0
4

2
<1
;

< 4

< 0
< 0

;
> 2 ;
2 < < 4
< 4

2
1
2

3 ; 1 2 3 3 ; 3 2 2 0 ;
log3 1 log3 1 1 ;

4
4

4
1
4
1
4 2 10
.
3 2 8 8 0 ; 3x2 8x 8 = 0; D = 64 + 96 = 160; x1,2 =
4
3

4 2 10
3

214

4 + 2 10
3


4 2 10
4 + 2 10
; 0
; 4 .

3
3

: x

4 2 10
4 + 2 10
; 0
; 4 .

3
3

: x

3.6. 09.
) log+1(112+8-3)>2.
log+1(112+8-3)> log+1(+1)2;
: +1>0; +11; 112+8-3>0;
D
= 16 + 33 = 49 ;
4
4 7
3
; x1 = 1, x2 = .
1,2 =
11
11
+

+
1

3
11

> 1

3
> .
0
11

( , 1) 3 ; +

11

: x + 1 > 1, 11x2 + 8x 3 > (x + 1)2; 10x2 + 6x 4 > 0;


5x2 + 3x 2 > 0; (5x 2)(x + 1) > 0; 5x 2 > 0; x >
) log+2(72+11-6)<2. : +2>0; +21;
72+11-6>0; D=121+168=289; 1,2 =

2
2
. : x > .
5
5

11 17
3
; x1 = , x2 = 2.
14
7

+
-2

3
7

> 2

x ; + .
1
7

( ; 2 ) 3 ; +

: x + 2 > 1,
7x2 + 11x 6 < (x + 2)2; 6x2 + 7x 10 < 0; D = 49 + 240 = 172;
x1,2 =

5
7 17
5

3 5
; x1 = , x2 = 2. x 2; . : x ; .
6
12
6

7 6

215

3.6. 10. ) log 1 7 log 1 7 log3 ( 15 ) > 0 .

log 1 7 log 1 7 =
4

1
log 7

1
4

log 7

1
3

1
1
4
log 7 log 7
log 7
3
4 =
3
>0;
1
1
1
1
log 7 log 7
log 7 log 7
4
3
4
3

log3(x 15) > 0; x 15 > 1; x > 16.


: x (16; +).

) log `1 6 log 1 6 log3 ( + 12 ) < 0 .

1
1
8
log 6
log 6
7
8
7

=
=
>0;
log 1 6 log 1 6 =
1
1
1
1
1
1
8
7
log 6 log 6
log 6 log 6
log 6
log 6
7
8
7
8
8
7

log 6

log3(x + 12) < 0; 0 < x + 12 < 1; 12 < x < 11.


: x (12; 11).
3.6. 11. ) (8-)(+4)log3(-1)0. : -1>0; x > 1.
1) log3(-1)0; -11; 2; (8-)(+4)0;
-

-4

8;
2) log3(-1)0; -11;

2; (8-)(+4) 0

+
-4

[-4; 8], : (1, 2].


: (1, 2][8; +)
) ( 5 )( + 8 ) log 1 ( 1) 0 . (5-)(+8)log5(-1)0;
5

: -1>0; >1. -11, .. 2; (5-)(+8)0;


-

+
-8

5; 0<-11, .. 1<2;
(5-)(+8)0; 1<2.
: (1; 2][5; +).
3.6. 12. )

3lg 8
>4.
lg 2

> 0
;
:
lg 2
lg=t2;

216

> 0
;

100

3t 8 4 ( t 2 )
t2

3t 8 4t + 8
t
t
>0;
>0;
<0;
t2
t2
t2

>0;

0
2
0<lgx<2; 1<x<100 (.. 10>1).

: (1; 100).

> 0
5lg 6
< 2 .
)
.
3
lg 3
10

lg=t;
5t 6
5t 6 2t + 6
3t
2 < 0;
<0;
<0;
t 3
t 3
t 3
+

+
t

0
3
0<lgx<3; 1 < x < 1000.
: (1; 1000).
D.
3.6. D01. ) log+36+log-13-660.
+ 3 > 0
+ 3 1

13 6 > 0
13 6 1

> 3
2

13
< j
6

14

6

log 6 ( 13 6 ) + log 6 ( + 3)
1
1
0;
+
0;
log 6 ( + 3) log 6 ( 13 6 )
log 6 ( + 3) log 6 ( 13 6 )

log6(-(+3)(13+6))=0; -(+3)(13+6)=1; 62+31+40=0;


1,2

31 312 24 40 31 1
;
=
=
12
12

log6(+3)=0;

+3=1; x = 2;

log(-13-6)=0;

-13-6=1; x =

8
3

7
3

+
2,5

32
8

1 = 12 = 3 2, 66
;

= 30 = 2,5
2
12

7
3

+
x

13

: x ; 2,5 ; .
3
3 6
217

3.6. D02. ) log9-(2-5+4)1. 9->1, .. <8:


2-5+4 9 x; x2 4x 5 0; (x 5)(x + 1) 0.
+

x (; 1] [5; 8); 0 < 9 x < 1, 8 < x < 9:


2
x 5 x + 4 9 x
;
2
x 5 x + 4 > 0

( x 5)( x + 1) 0

( x 1)( x 4) > 0

( 8 < x < 9).


: x (; 1] [5; 8).
) log3-(2+4+3)1.
3 x > 1
2
x + 4x + 3 3 x
2
;
x + 4x + 3 > 0
0 < 3 x < 1

x 2 + 4 x + 3 3 x

x < 2

x( x + 5) 0
( x + 1)( x + 3) > 0 ;

2 < x < 3

x( x + 5) 0

: x [5; 3) (1; 0] (2; 3).


lg cos 6
log x2 (9 8 x).
3.6.D03. ) 6
1 log x2 (9 8 x); log x2 x 2 log x2 (9 8 x);
x 2 > 1

x 2 9 8 x

2
0 < x < 1 ;

2
x 9 8x
9 8 x > 0

x 2 1 > 0

( x + 9)( x 1) 0

2
;
0 < x < 1
( x + 9)( x 1) 0

9
x <
8

: [ 9; 1).

lg cos 2
log x 2 (8 7 x). : x 0; x 1; x < 7 ; 1 log x2 (8 7 x);
) 4

218

x > 1
x > 1

x < 1
x
<

x2 > 1
x 1

2


2 x + 7 x 8 0
8 7 x x
x 8

x <
;
8
8 7 x > 0 ;
7
x <

7
2

0 < x < 1

1 < x < 1

2
1 < x < 1
8 7 x x x 2 + 7 x 8 0

8 x 1

x 0
x 0


x (; 8) (1; 8 )
7 .

x (1;0) (0;1)

: x (; 8) (1;0) (0;1) (1; 8 7 ).

3.6. D04. ) log 22 6 2 + 2 + 3log 0,5 6 2 + 2 > 2 .

( 6 + 2) 3log ( 6 + 2) + 2 > 0 ;
( log ( 6 + 2) 2 ) ( log ( 6 + 2) 1) > 0 ;
log 22

log 2 (6 x x 2 + 2) < 1
;

2
log 2 (6 x x + 2) > 2

6 x x2 + 2 < 2
;

2
6 x x + 2 > 4

x < 0
x2 6 x > 0

; x > 6
; 6x x2 + 2 > 0,
2
x 6 x + 2 < 0
x (3 7;3 + 7)

x2 6x 2 < 0, x (3 11 ; 3 + 11 ).;
x (3 11 ; 0) (3 7 ; 3+ 7 ) (6; 3 + 11 ).
: x (3 11 ; 0) (3 7 ; 3+ 7 ) (6; 3 + 11 ).
2
) log 0,5
( 3 2 + 4) 6 log2 ( 3 2 + 4 ) < 8 .

2
log 0,5
3 2 + 4 6 log 2 3 2 + 4 + 8 < 0 ;

( 3 + 4) 6 log ( 3 + 4) + 8 < 0 ;
( log (3 + 4) + 2 ) ( log (3 + 4) 4) < 0 ;
log 22

2 < log2(3x x2 + 4) < 4; 4 < 3x x2 + 4 < 16;


2
2
3x x + 4 > 4 x 3x < 0
; 2
;

2
3x x + 4 < 16 x 3x + 12 > 0

x2 3x + 12 > 0 x, D = 9 48 < 0.
x2 3x < 0, x(x 3) < 0, 0 < x < 3. : (0, 3).
3.6. D05. ) log 6 log 2

<0.
+4

219

<1 ; 1<
<2;
+4
+4
4 +
< 4
4 + < 0
4 + < 0

;
;

8 +
> 4 ; : (; 8).
8 + 2 > 0
4 + > 0

< 8
4 +

) log 1 log3
> 0 . 0 < log3
<1; 1<
<3;

+
2
2
+
2
+

6
0 < log 2


2 + 1 > 0
;

6 + 3 > 0
2 +

2
2 + < 0
;

2 + 6 > 0
2 +

3.6.D06. ) log3x logx3

x < 2

x > 2 . : x (; 3).

x < 3

3 x > 0
.
;
2 x 1

1
3
1 3
log3x
; log3x = t; t ;
log3 x 2
t 2

1
3
(t 2) t +
t 2 t 1
5 0 ;
2
0;
t
t
1

x <1
log3 x < 0
1
; 3
.
t ; 0 [2; +); 2

2
1

log3 x 2

x 9

1
;
3

1 [9; +).

1
8
8
) log2x logx2 . x > 0; x 1; log2x
; log2x = t;
log 2 x 3
3

: x

1 8
t ;
t 3

1
8
(t 3) t +
t 2 t 1
3 0 ; t ; 1 [0;3);
3
0;

3
t
t

log 2 x 3 ;

0 < log 2 x 3

0 < x 3 .
2

1 < x 8

: x 0; 3 (1; 8].
2

3.6.D07. ) log6x(x 15x + 54) > 1.


x 2 15 x + 54 > 6 x

x > 1

6
;

2
x 15 x + 54 < 6 x

0 < x < 1

6

220

x 2 21x + 54 > 0

x > 1

6
;

2
x 21x + 54 < 0

0 < x < 1

6

x < 3

x > 18

1
x >
;
6

3 < x < 18

1
0< x<

1
< x < 3
6
.
x > 18

1
6

: x ; 3 (18; +).

) log7x(x2 10x + 16) < 1.


x 2 10 x + 16 < 7 x x 2 17 x + 16 < 0

x > 1
x > 1


7
7
;
;

2
x 10 x + 16 > 7 x x 2 17 x + 16 > 0

0 < x < 1
0 < x < 1



7
7

1 < x < 16

x > 1

7

>
16 ;
x < 1

1
0 < x <
7

x2 10x + 16 > 0, x < 2 ,


x > 8

x (1; 2) 0; 1 (8; 16). : x 0; 1 (1; 2) (8; 16).

3.6.D08.
) ||log3x +2| 3| < 1.
1 < |log3x + 2| 3 < 1; 2 < |log3x + 2| < 4;
4 < log3 x + 2 < 4
| log3 x + 2 |< 4
; log3 x + 2 > 2
;

| log3 x + 2 |> 2
log
x
+
2
<

2
3

6 < log3 x < 2

;
log3 x > 0
log x < 4
3

0 < log3 x < 2


;

6 < log3 x < 4

1 < x < 9
1 1
1
. : x 6 ; (1; 9).
<x< 1
3 81
36
34

) ||log2x +1| 4| > 1.


| log 2 x + 1 | 4 > 1
;

| log 2 x + 1 | 4 < 1

log 2 x + 1 > 5
| log 2 x + 1 |> 5
;
;

log 2 x + 1 < 5
| log 2 x + 1 |< 3
3 < log 2 x + 1 < 3

log 2 x > 4

;
log 2 x < 6
4 < log 2 x < 2

x > 16

0 < x < 1 . : x 0; 1 1 ; 4 (16; +).

26
64 16

1 <x<4
16

3.6.D09. )

4
5
2
+
1 0 .

3 + log 4 x log 4 (4 x) 3 + log 4 x

41+ log4 x
52
5log4 x + 3
+

0;
3 + log 4 x (1 + log 4 x)(3 + log 4 x) log 4 x + 1

221

4 + 4 log 4 x + 10 5log 4 x 15
log 4 x 1
0;
0;
(1 + log 4 x)(3 + log 4 x)
(log 4 x + 1)(3 + log 4 x)

3 + log4x > 0; log4x > 3; x >

1
.
64

: log4x + 1 0; log4x 1; x
)

1
1 1 1

. : x ; ; + .
4
64 4 4

4
1
3
+
1 0 .

6 + log 2 x log 2 (2 x) + 2 6 + log 2 x

4
1
3
4 log 2 x + 12 + 3 6 log 2 x
+
1 0 ;
0;

6 + log 2 x log 2 x + 3 6 + log 2 x


(6 + log 2 x)(3 + log 2 x)
9 + 3log 2 x
0;
(6 + log 2 x)(3 + log 2 x)

6 + log 2 x > 0
;

3 + log 2 x 0

log 2 x > 6 x >


;
64 .

log 2 x 3 x 8

1 1 1

; ; + .
64 8 8

: x

3.6.D10.
) log3 log 1 log 1 x 0 . 0 < log 1 log 1 x 1 ;
3

log 1 log 1 x > 0 0 < log 1 x < 1 0 < x < 1


3

4
4
1
1
1

;
; x >
; <x 3 .

1
1
4
4
4
log 1 x
x

3
3
4

1
4

x 3
4

1
4

1
.
4
) log3 log 4 log 1 x 0 . 0 < log 4 log 1 x 1 ;

: x ;

0 < x <
log 4 log 1 x > 0 log 1 x > 1

2
;
;

0 < x <
log
log
x

1
0
<
log
x

4
4
1
1

2
2

1
x
16

: x ; .
16 2
3.6.D11.
) logx+2(x2 4x + 1) > log x 5 1 .
x 6

222

1
2
1 1
1
;
x< .
2
2 16

x2 4x + 1 > 0

x + 2 > 0

;
x 1
x5

>0
x6
x5

1
x 6

x > 2 + 3

x < 2 3

x > 2
; logx+2(x2 4x + 1) > 0;

x 1

x > 6
x < 5

x 2 4 x + 1 > 1

x + 2 > 1
;
2
x 4 x + 1 < 1
0 < x + 2 < 1

x 2 4 x > 0

x > 1
;
2
x 4 x < 0
2 < x < 1

x > 4

x < 0
x > 1
;

0 < x < 4

2 < x < 1

1 < x < 0
.
x > 4

: x (1; 0) (4; 5) (6; +).


) logx+5(x2 5x + 1) < log x + 7 1 .
x +5

x > 5
x 4

x + 5 > 0

5 + 21
2

x 5 x + 1 > 0 x >
2
;
;
: x + 5 1

21
x <

x+7 > 0
2

x + 6
>

5
x

x < 7

5

5+

21

x > 4
2
x 5 x < 0
;

5 < x < 4
x 2 5 x > 0

: x (5; 4) 0;

21

x > 4

0 < x < 5
5 < x < 4 ;

x > 5

x < 0

5 21 5 + 21
;

2 2

3.6.D12. ) log 1 (4 x 3) log 1 (36 x 2 ) < sin


3

logx+5(x2 5x + 1) < 0

x + 5 > 1
2
x 5 x + 1 < 1
;

0 < x + 5 < 1
x 2 5 x + 1 > 1

x > 5
x 4

5 + 21
x >
;

x < 5 21

0 < x < 5
5 < x < 4 .

5 .

9
.
2

223

log 1 (4 x 3) log 1 (36 x 2 ) < 1 ; log 1 (4 x 3) < log 1 (36 x 2 ) ;


3

3
3
3
3
1
3

4x 3 > (36 x2); 12x 9 > 36 x2; x2 + 12x 45 > 0; D = 144 + 4 45 = 182;
x1 = 15, x2 = 3;
3

4x 3 > 0
x >
;
. : x (3; 6).
4

2
36 x > 0 6 < x < 6

3
) log6(3x + 7) log6(25 x2) > sin . log6(3x + 7) log6(25 x2) > 1;
2
25 x 2
25 x 2
log6(3x + 7) > log6
; 3x + 7 >
; 25 x2 < 18x + 42;
6
6
1

3x + 7 > 0 x > 2
x > 1
1
; :
;
x2 + 18x + 17 > 0;
3 ; 2 < x < 5 .

2
17
<

x
3
25 x > 0 5 < x < 5

x < 15
x > 3 ,

17

1
3

: x (1; 5).
4.
1.
.

x 4 x3
+ 5x + 5 .
4 12
x2
4
f ( x) = x3 + 5 ; f (2) = 8 + 5 = 4 . : f(2) = 4.
4
4
4
3
x
x
) f ( x) = + 2 x 3 5 .
9 27
4
1
f ( x) = x3 + x 2 2 ; f (3) = 12 + 1 2 = 13 . : f(3) = 13.
9
9

4.1.01. ) f ( x) =

4.1.02. ) ,
2

S = ( x 2 4 x + 5)dx =
0

2
x3
8
14
2
2 x 2 + 5 x 0 = 8 + 10 =
, ,
0
3
3
3 0

y=x24x+5 OX;
) y=x2+2x+6 OX.
0

S = ( x 2 + 2 x + 6)dx =
1

x3
3

+ x2
1

0
1

1
22
0
+ 6 x 1 = + 1 + 6 =
.
3
3

4.1.03. ) f(x) = (3x2 x + 1)(x + 3).


: (3x2 x + 1)(x + 3) = 0 x = 3 3x2 x + 1 = 0,
D < 0, .
f(x) = (3x2 x + 1) + (x + 3)(6x 1); f(3) = 27 + 3 + 1 = 31. : 31.

224

) f(x) = (2x2 4x + 3)(x + 2).


x = 2

(2x2 4x + 3)(x + 2) = 0

2
2x 4x + 3 = 0

x = 2;

D < 0; f(x) = 2x2 4x + 3 + (x + 2)(4x 4)


f(2) = 8 + 8 + 3 = 19. : 19.

5x + 1
1 5x2
; y = f ( x) =
+ x + C .
4
4 2

5
3
79
(3; 5): 5 = 9 + C = .
8
8
4
5
x 79
.
: y = x 2 +
8
4 8
x2 4
3x 4
) f ( x) =
. y = f ( x) = x + C .
3
2 3
1 4
35
x2 4
35
(1; 4): 4 = + + C = . : y = x .
2 3
6
2 3
6
1 9 1 8 1
8
7
4.1.05. ) f ( x) = x x + . f(x) = x x ;
9
8
21

4.1.04. ) f ( x) =

f(0,7) = (0,7)8 (0,7)7 = (0,7)7(0,7 1) = 0,3 (0,7)7 < 0. : f(0,7) < 0.

) f ( x) =

1 10 1 9 1
x x + . f(x) = x9 x8;
10
9
19

f(0,9) = (0,9)9 (0,9)8 = (0,9)8(0,9 1) = 0,1 (0,9)8 < 0.


: f(0,9) < 0.
4.1.06. ) f(x) = 0,5x2 5x + 9. f(x) = x 5;
f(x) = 0 x = 5; f(5) = 12,5 25 + 9 = 3,5.
: (5; 3,5).
) f(x) = 2x2 + 4x + 3. f(x) = 4x + 4.
f(x) x = 1.
f(1) = 2 4 + 3 = 1.
: (1; 1).
.
4.1. 01. ) f ( ) =

8 + 4 3 7
.
4

f /()=-27+3; f /(1)=-2+1=-1 .
) f ( x) =

20 + 5 + 2 3
.
5

f /()=-419+4; f /(1)=-4+1=-3
1
2

4.1. 02. ) y=(x+3)2 y = x .


1
2

( x + 3) 2 = x ,
1
9
x 2 + 6 x + 9 + x = 0 , 2x2+13x+18=0, x1=2, x2 =
2
2

225

x2

S = ( x + 3) 2 dx + x dx =
9
9
2
4

x3
3

3x 2
9

9
2

9x 9 =
2

4 81 8 243
243
81
81 8 243 81
8 81
+
12 +
+ 18 = 5 + +
=5+ ;
4 16 3 8
4
2
18 3 8
2
3 16
1
2
) y=(x2) y = x
3

= +


( x 2) 2 =

1
1
4
x , x 2 4 x + 4 = x , 3x213x+12=0, x1=3, x2 =
3
3
3
1
43
3

4
3

S = x dx ( x 2 4 x + 4)dx =
3
2

x2
6

4
3

x3
3

3
3

8
64
32
16
3 8 1 4 2
3 + + 18 12 + = 3 + + 8 + =
27
81
9
3
2 81 27 9 3
3 8 8

8 23

.
= 3+ + + 2 = 3+ +
2 3 27 9 3
2 3 27

4.1. 03. ) f()=2(2-1)=23-2.


4 3
+ ;
2 3
1 1
11
(1, 2): 2 = + = .
2 3
6
4 3 11
: = + .
2 3 6

: = f ( ) =

) f()=2(2+1)= 23+2.

4
3
: = f ( ) = + + ;

2
3
1 1
1
(1, 3): 3 = + + = 2 .
2 3
6
4 3
1
: = + + 2 .
2 3
6

4.1. 04.
) f()=(3-2)2=93-122+4.

: = f ( ) =

9 4
4 3 + 2 2 + ;
4

(-2; -2): -2=36+32+8+=-78;


: =

9 4
4 3 + 2 2 78
4

) f()=(4-1)2=163-82+.

8
3

: = f ( ) = 4 4 3 +
226

+ 2x2 4 4x 4 =
4
3

2
+ ;
2

8 1
3 2

(-2; 1): 2 = 4 + + =
8
3

: = 4 4 3 +

23
.
6

2 23
.

2 6

4.1. 05.

) f()=-1. : = f ( ) =
=4

2
+ ;
2

42
4 + = 0 , C = 4;
2

1
2
4 = 2 2 8 . . , : -2.
2
2
) f()=2-3. : = f ( ) = 2 3 + ;

=-2 (-2)2-3(-2)+=0; =-10.


=2-3-10. , : 5.
4.1. 06. ) x(t) = t3 2t2 + 3t.
:
v(t)=x/(t)=3t2-4t+3; v(1)=3-4+3=2.
: v = 2.
) (t)=t3+2t2-3t.
:
v(t)=3t2+4t-3; v(2)=34+42-3=17.
: v = 17.
4.1. 07. ) f(x)=-2x3-12x2-23x-8.
(0; 0).
f /()=-62-24-23; f /(0)= 6 02 24 0 23 = tg 45 = 1 ;
02 + 4 0 + 4 = 0 0 = 2 ; 0=f(0)=f(-2)=16-48+46-8= 6;

(-2; 6) .
: (2; 6).
) f()=33+182+37-2. f /()=92+36+37;
(0; 0) : f /(0)= 9 02 + 36 0 + 37 = tg 45 = 1 ;
02 + 4 0 + 4 = 0 0 = 2 ;

0=f(0)=f(-2)=--24+72-74-2=-28.
(-2; -28) .
: (1; 28).
4.1. 08. ) f ( ) =

4 2
+ + 2 + 23 .
8
2

: (0; 0), 0=-2; 0=f(x0)=-2+2-4+23=19;


-0=f /(0)(-0) ;
f / ( ) =

3
+ + 2 ; f /(-2)=4-2+2=4.
2

-19=4(+2)=4+27 . : y = 4x + 27.
227

) f ( ) =

4 2
2 + 7 . (0, 0), 0=-3; 0=f(0)=-3-3+6+7=7;
27 3

(-0)=f /(0)(-0) ;
f / ( ) =

4 3 2
2 ; f/(-3)=4+2-2=4.
27
3

-7=4(+3)=4+19 .
: y = 4x + 19.
4.1. 09. ) f()=52+3-8.
f/()=10+3;
(0, 0) , : f/(0)=100+3=-170=-2.
0=f(0)=20-6-8=6; -0=f/(0)(-0) ;
-6=-17(+2)=-17-28 .
: y = 17x 28.
) f()=42+5-1.
f/()=8+5;
(0, 0) , : f/(0)=80+5=210=2;
0= f(0)=44+10-1=25; -0= f/(0)(-0) -25=21(-2);
=21-17 . : y = 21x 17.
4.1. 10. ) f()=3-62+7+4.
f/()=32-12+7;
(0, 0) , : f/(0)= 302 12 0 + 7 = 5 0 = 2 .
0= f(0)=8-24+14+4=2; -0= f/(0)(-0);
-2=-5(-2)=-5+12 .
: y = 5x + 12.
) f()=3+32+9-9.
f/()=32+6+9;
(0, 0) , : f/(0)= 02 + 6 0 + 9 = 6 0 = 1 ;
0= f(0)=-1+3-9-9=-16; (-0)= f/(0)(-0)+16=6(+1).
=6-10 . : y = 6x 10.
4.1. 11. ) f()=(6-3+1); f/()=(6-3+1)+(65-32)=76-43+1;
f(-1)=-1(1+1+1)=-3, , (-1; -3) ;
f/(-1)=7+4+1=12. (-0)= f/(0)(-0)+3=12(+1);
=12+9 . : y = 12x + 9.
) f()=4(6+-1)=10+5-4.
f/()=109+54-43;
f/(-1)=-10+5+4=-1; f(-1)=1-1-1=-1(-1; -1) ;
-0= f/(0)(-0) +1=-(+1); =--2 .
: y = x 2.
4.1.12.
) f()=(+3)4.
f/()=4(+3)3; f/(-2)=4;
f(-2)=1(-2; 1) ;
y 1 = 4(+2)=4+9 .
: y = 4x + 9.
228

) f()=(-3)5. f/()=5(-3)4;
f/(4)=5; f(4)=1(4; 1) ;
-1=5(-4)=5-19 . : y = 5x 19.
.
4.1. 01.
) f()=32+10-5;
: = f ( ) = 3 + 5 2 5 + ;
f() 3 : 32+10-5=3;
32+10-8=0=-4, =

2
.
3
2

(-4)3+5(-4)2-5(-4)+=3 + 5 5 + = 3 ;
3
3
3
22
.
27
22
: =3+52-5-33 3+52-5+ 3 .
27
) f()=32+2-2. = f ( ) = 3 + 2 2 + ;

=-33, = 3

1
3

f()=-132+2-1=0=-1 =+ . 1+1+2+=1=3;
1 1 2
13
13
. : =3+223 =3+22
.
+ + = 1 =
27 9 3
27
27
4.1. 02. ) f()=32+4+1. = f ( ) = 3 + 2 2 + + ;

3, ()=3, .
f(x).
= 1
;
= 1

f()=032+4+1=0
(1) = 3

1 + 2 1 + = 3
= 3
1 2 1

;
+ + = 3
= 3 4
=3
3
27
27 9 3

4
.
27
) f()=326+3. = f ( ) = 3 3 2 + 3 + ;

: =3+22++3 =3+22++ 3

/()=f(); f()=01,2=1.
(1)=-213+3+=-2=-3. : =3-32+3-3.
4.1. 03. ) (0, 0) . ()=2-7+11/()=2-7;
, /(0)=(0) 02 7 0 + 11 = 2 0 7 ;
02 9 0 + 18 = 0 D=81-72=9, 0 =

93
.
2

: 0=3 0=6.
229

) ()=2+5-4.
/()=2+5. 0 . (0)=/(0):
02 + 5 0 49 = 2 0 + 5 02 + 30 54 = 0 0=-9 0=6.
: x0 = 9, x0 = 6.
4.1. 04. ) f()=2+7+1.
( ) = f ( ) =

3 7 2
+
+ + ;
3
2

0 .
f/()=2+7: , f() f/(0),
(): f(0).
, f/(0)=f(0);
02 + 7 0 + 1 = 2 0 + 7 02 + 5 0 6 = 0 .
, 0=-6 0=1. : 6, 1.
) f()=2+9+1.
f/()=2+9;
0 , ,
f(), f/(0), : f(0). :
f(0)= f/(0)02+90+1=2x0 + 902+708=0.
0=-8 0=1. : 8, 1.
4.1. 05.
) f()=10-3.
= f ( ) = 5 2 3 + ;
() (), , , +1 .
2
5 3 + = 0

5 ( + 1) 3 ( + 1) + = 0
2

; :

2
5 2 3 + = 0

5 3 + = 0
;

2
2
5 ( 2 + 1) = 3
5 ( + 1) 3 = 0
1 3
4

5 2 3 + = 0
= =

5 5
5
;

2
1
= =
= 1
10
5

5
4
=52-3 . 5
4
4

(0, (0)), 0; . : 0; .
5
5

) f()=6+5. = f ( ) = 3 2 + 5 + ;
() (), , , +3 .
3 2 + 5 + = 0

3 ( + 3) + 5 + 15 + = 0

230

; .

= 3 2 5
2
49 35
14
14
3 + 5 + = 0

= ; =32+5.

42
7 ; = 3 +
9
3
3
3
3
3
2
3
15
0

+
+
=
=

(
)

18
3

14

(0, (0)), 0; .
3

: 0;

14
.
3

4.1. 06. ) f()=20+2.


= f ( ) = 10 2 + 2 +
b
2
1
=
= .
2
20
10
1 2
1
, = 6 ;
+ = 6 = 5,9 .
10
10
10

: min =

: 102+2-5,9.
) f()=6-2.
( ) = f ( ) = 3 2 2 + .
: min =
1

b 1
= .
2 3

, = 2 + = 2 = . : ()=32-2- .
3 3
3
3
3
4.1. 07. ) f()=2-10+32.
= f ( ) =

3
5 2 + 32 + .
3

f() , , () .
() [5; 0] 0, -5.
(0)==86 ( ) =

3
5 2 + 32 + 86 ;
3

125
722
722
125 160 + 86 =
. :
.
3
3
3
1
) f()=2+8+32. = f ( ) = 3 + 4 2 + 32 + .
3
min = (5) =

f() , max=(0)==85, .. .
min=(-6)=

63
+ 462 326 + 85 = 35. : 35.
3

4.1. 08. ) f()=52+20.


f /()=10.
0 . , , = f/(0) 0 f(0). :
5 x02 + 20 = 10 x0 x0 x0 = 2 . : =-20, =20.
) f()=22+32.

231

f/()=4.
0 ( ). ,
=f/(0) , 0 f(0) :
2 02 + 32 = 4 02 0 = 4 . : =-16, =16.
4.1. 09. ) ()=3-82+8+8.
/()=32-16+8.
(0)=/(0), 0 :
03 8 02 + 8 0 + 8 = 302 16 0 + 8 ; 0 ( 02 110 + 24 ) = 0 ;
0 = 0

0 = 8 . : 0; 8; 3.
0 = 3

) ()=3+112+29+29.
/()=32+22+29.
(0)=/(0), 0 . :
03 + 1102 + 29 0 + 29 = 302 + 22 0 + 29 ; 0 02 + 8 0 + 7 = 0 ;

0 = 0

0 = 1 . : 0; 1; 7.
0 = 7

16 3
12 2 + 14 + 1 .
3
f / ( ) = 16 2 24 + 14 . f/()
b
24 3

=
= (.. ).
2 32 4
3
f / = 9 18 + 14 = 5 .
4

4.1. 10. ) f ( ) =

, f/() tg 0. tg , , tg.
min=arctg(mintg)=arctg(minf/)=arctg5. : arctg5.
) f ( ) =

4 3
12 2 + 40 7 .
3

f/()=42-24+40

b 24
= = 3 (.. ).
2 8

f/(3)=36-72+40=4. arctg4. : arctg4.


4.1. 11.
) x(t)=3t2+4t+2. v(t)=x/(t)=6t+4; 6t+4=16t=2.
S=x(2)-x(0)=12+8+2-2=20. : 20.
) x(t)=4t2+7t+1. v(t)=x/(t)=8t+7. 8t+7=15t=1.
S= x(1)-x(0)=4+7+1-1=11. : 11.
4.1. 12. ) y=(x1,5)2+1,75 y'=2(x1,5)

x=2, y=f(x0)+f'(x0)(xx0)=x
232

S = ( x 2 3x + 4)dx xdx =

x3
3x 2
x2
2

+ 4x 0
=
3 0
2 0
2 0

8
8
= 6+8 2 = ;
3
3

) y=(x2,5)2+2,75=x25x+9
y'=2x5

x=3, y=f(x0)+f'(x0)(xx0)=x
3

S = ( x 2 5 x + 9)dx xdx =

x3
5x2
x2
3

+ 9x 0
=
3 0
2 0
2 0

45
9
= 9 + 27 = 9 .
2
2

D.
3
( x 1) , x 0
.
3
( x + 1) , x 0

4.1. D01. ) y=(|x|1)3, , y =

1,5
3

y=f(x0)+f'(x0)(xx0)= + x = x 1
8 4
2 4
y'=3(x1)2.
c 0.
4

x , 0 (1, 0).
3
3
2

3
2

1
3 3
3
3

S = ( x 1) dx x 1 dx + ( x 1) dx x 1 dx =
4 4
1
0
0 4

3
2

3
2

x4
3

= ( x 1) dx x 1 dx =
4
0
0 4

1
2

3
3 2
x 2 + x 02 =
8
0
1

1 1 27 3 27

+ =
;
64 4 32 2 64
( x 2)3 , x 0
3
( x + 2) , x 0

) y=(|x|2)3, , y =

x0, y'=3(x2)2.
x=3
y=1+3(x3)=3x7
c 0.
) ,
3

S = ( x 2)3 dx (3x 4)dx =

x4
4

1
27
53 15
3x 2
3
+ 7 x 0 = 4 + 21 = 17
=
.
4
2
4
4
2 0

233

4.1. D02. ) f()=(5-7)2.


f/()=10(5-7).

( ) = f ( ) =
7
f/ =
5

( 5 7 )3 + . ,
15

(15 ) .
7
, 0=. , ( ) =
15
5

f/() ():

( 5 7 )3
15

( 5 7 )2

= 10 ( 5 7 ) ( 5 7 )
10 = 0
15

7
7
= 5

. .
5

2
( 5 7) = 150 = 150 + 7
5

7 + 150 7 150
;
.
5
5

) f/()=(2-5)2.
f/()=4(2-5).

= f ( ) =
=

( 2 5 )3 + . ,
6

5
5
= f / = 0 .
2
2

( 2 5)3 .
6

( 2 5)

2 5 2

= 4 ( 2 5) ( 2 5)
4 = 0

5
= 2
=
. .
2

( 2 5)2 = 24 = 2 6 + 5

5+ 2 6 52 6
;
.
2
2

4.1. D03. ) f()=2+16+67.

( ) = f ( ) =

3
+ 8 2 + 67 x + .
3

f() , () . .
584
2
+ = 24 = 170 ;
3
3
125
2
= (5) =
+ 25 8 67 5 + 170 = 6 .
3
3

min = (8) =
max

: 6.
234

) f()=2+10+28.
( ) = f ( ) =

3
+ 5 2 + 28 + .
3

f() ()
.
125
125
+ 125 140 + = 15 =
;
3
3
8
125
= (2) = + 20 56 +
=3.
3
3

min = (5) =
max

: 3.
4.1. D04.
) =15.
15=252-15+9=f();
3
, .
5
3
f/()=50-15. = :
5
3
3
3
3
3
f = f / x ; f = 9 f / = 15 ;
5
5
5
5
5

252-30+9=0 =

=15. : y = 15x.
2
= f ( ) = 49 14 + 4
;
= 14

2 /
. f ()=98-14;
7
2
= :
7
2
2
2
2
2
f = f / ; f = 4 ; f / = 14 .
7
7
7
7
7

14=492-14+4 =

=14.
: y = 14x.
4.1. D05.
) f()=2-9+2.
, , ,
1 1.
f/()=2-9. f/()=1 =5. +18=-5 =-23.

232 529
; f/()=-1 =4.
=
2
2

+18=-+4=14.

: 98

142
= 98 .
2

529
.
2

235

) f()=2+5-1. f/()=2+5; f/()=1 =-2.


+7=+2 =-5.

52 25
.
=
2
2

f/()=-1 =-3. +7=--3=--10.


102
25
50.
= 50 . :
2
2

4.1. D06.

) f ( ) =

3
+ 2 + 4 3 .
3

f/()=2+2+4 .
f/()

b
= 1 ; f/(-1)=3.
2

2
3

1
3

-f(-1)=3(+1) = 3 + 2 ; f (1) = 6 .
: y = 3x

10
.
3

3
3 2 + 11 + 1 . f/()=2-6+11 .
3
b
f/() ( , ) = 3 ;
2

) f ( ) =

f/(3)=2. : -f(3)=2(-3); f(3)=16.


: =2+10.
4.1. D07.
) f()=2+5+1.

: 1 ( ) = f ( ) =

3 5 2
+
+ + ;
3
2

=+2 , 1.
, f(0)=1, 0 ; 02 + 5 0 = 0 0=0 0=-5;
0=0 1(0)=(0) =2.
0=5 1(5)=y(5)
:

125 125
5
+
5 + = 3 ; = 22 .
3
2
6

3 5 2
3 5 2
5
+
++2 ;
+
+ + 22 .
3
2
3
2
6

) f()=2-5+5.

: 1 ( ) = f ( ) =

3 5 2

+ 5 + ;
3
2

=5-3 , 5.
, f(0)=5, 0 ;
02 5 0 = 0 0=0 0=5.
0=0 1(0)=(0) =-3.
236

125 125
5

+ 25 + = 22 ; = 17
3
2
6
3 5 2
3 5 2
5
:

+ 5 3 ;

+ 5 + 17 .
3
2
3
2
6

0=5 1(5)=(5)

4.1. D08. ) f()=-5-2.


F()= f ( ) = 5 2 + ; -5-2 + C 3
2+5+(3-)=0 .

D=25-12+4=0=

13
13
. : F()=-2-5- .
4
4

) f() = 4-.
F()= f ( ) = 4

2
2
+ ; 4 + 7 .
2
2

2
4 + 7 .
2

2
D
7
= 4 + = 0 = 1. : F()= 4 1 .
4
2 2
2

4.1. D09. ) f()=3-8+9.


f/()=32-8 2:
-f(2)=f/(2)(-2); f(2)=1; f/(2)=4;
-1=4-8 =4-7.
: 3-8+9=4-7; 3-12+16=0;
(-2)(2+2-8)=0 =2; =-4; =2.
=-4 , f/(-4)4 . : (2; 1); (4; 23), .
) f()=3+5+6.
f/()=32+5. 1:
-f(1)=f/(1)(-1); f(1)=12; f/(1)=8; =8+4.
: 3+5+6=8+4
3-3+2=0; (-1)(2+-2)=0; (-1)2(+2)=0 =1, =-2.
=-2 , .. f/(-2) 8.
: (1; 12) ; (2; 12); .
4.1.D10. ) f()= -3-62+3.

f/()=-32-12 =

b
=-2. f/(-2)=12.
2

: - f(-2)=12(+2); f(-2)=-13;
=12+11 . : 12x + 11.
) f()= -3+32-5. f/()=-32+6 =
f(1)=-3 f/(1)=3; +3=3(-1)
=3-6 . : 3x 6.
4.1. D11.
) f ( ) =

8
=1.
29

4 2
26 .
3

237

F ( ) = f ( ) =

4 3
26 + .
9

, F() 2 =.
=

4 3
4
4
26 + 3 27 + = 0 . g(x) = x3 + 27 x = C .
9
9
9

2 , , g();
4
3

g(x) = x 2 + 27 .
4
9
9
x 2 + 27 = 0 ; x1 = , x2 = . C1 = g(x1) = 81; C2 = g(x2) = 81.
3
2
2
4 3
4 3
: x 26 x 81 ; x 26 x + 81 .
9
9
3 2
3
) f ( ) = 11 . F ( ) = f ( ) = 11 + .
4
4

F() 2 =.
=

3
x3
11 + ; g(x) =
+ 12 x = C . , 1
4
4

g();
3
4

3
4

g(x) = x 2 + 12 : x 2 + 12 = 0 ; x1 = 4, x2 = 4.
C1 = g(x1) = 32; C2 = g(x2) = 32. : F ( x) =

x3
x3
11x + 32 ;
11x 32 .
4
4

4.1. D12. ) f()=(+1)(-4)5.


F() . F() 7- . =4 5 f(). , 6 F(). F()
F()=b(-4)6(-).
F/()=b(-4)6+6b(-4)5(-)=(-4)5b(-4+6-6)=
=(-4)5(7b-b(6+4)).

f(), , b =

1
11
, = .
7
6

F(), , 4. :

11
.
6

) f()=(-2)(-3)7. F() 9- . 3 8, .. F()=b(-3)8(-).


F/()=b(-3)8+8b(-3)7(-)=(-3)7b(-3+8-8)=(-3)7(9b-b(8+3)).
, b =

1
15
15
, = F. . :
.
9
8
8

2.
.
4.2. 01. ) x=1, x=e, y =

238

4
3x

4
4
4
dx = ln x = ;
3
3
1 3x
1
5
) x=1, x=e, y =
2x
e

S=

5
5
5
dx = ln x = .
2
2
1 2x
1
e

S=

4.2.02.

) f ( ) =
f / ( ) =

5
.
4

5
.
42

: -f(-4)=f/(-4)(+4); f / (4) =

5
.
64

5
5
+ .
64
8
4
.
) f ( ) =
5
4
f / ( ) = 2 . : =f/(2)(-2)+f(2);
5
2
1
f (2) = ; f / (2) = .
5
5
1
4
: = + .
5
5
2
4.2. 03. ) f ( ) = 2 .
3
4
f / ( ) = 3 .
3
1
1
: =f/(2)(-2)+f(2); f (2) = ; f / (2) = .
6
6
1
1
: = + .
6
2
3
) f ( ) = 2 .
4
6
3
/
f ( ) = 3 = 3 .
4
2
1
=f/(-3)(+3)+f(-3); f (3) = ;
12
1
.
f / (3) =
18
1
1
: = .
18
4

: =

239

5 4 + 2 3 + 2 2 2 x 1
.
2
2 1
f(x) = x3 x2 + 2x + 2 2 ;
x x
2 2
2
f(x) = 3x 2x + 2 + 2 + 3 ;
x
x
2 2 949
949
f(3) = 3 9 + 6 + 2 + =
. :
.
9 27 27
27

4.2.04. ) f ( ) =

) f ( ) =

3 5 + 4 4 3 3 2 + 4 1
.
2

2 15 4 + 4 3 12 2 6 + 4 ) 2 ( 35 + 4 4 3 3 2 + 4 1)
( ) = (
=
4

9 6 + 2 5 4 4 4 2 + 2 9 5 + 2 4 4 3 4 + 2
=
=
;
4
3
9 + 2 + 4 + 4 + 2
f / ( 1) =
= 3 . : 3.
1
5
4.2. 05. ) f ( ) = 6 .

F(x)= f ( ) = 3 2 5ln + ;

F(1)=3+C=-2C=-5. : F(x)=32-5ln-5.
) f ( ) = 2 +

1
. F ( ) = f ( ) = 2 + ln + ;

F(1)=1+=-5=-6. : F(x)=x2+ln-6.

+ 7 2 + 6
1
7
2
= 3+ 2+ 4 .
4

3
3 3
1
7
2
F ( ) = f ( ) = 2 3 + ;
6 3 3
13
1 7 2
13
16
,
F (1) = + = =
6
6 3 3
6
3
1
7
2 16
1
7
2 16
F ( x) = 2 3 + . : F ( x) = 2 3 + .
3
3
6 x 3x 3x
6 x 3x 3x

4.2. 06. ) f ( ) =

4 + 52 + 1
4
1
1
= 3+ 2+ 4.
5
54
5
2 1
1
F ( ) = f ( ) = 2
+ ;
15 3
5
7
2
1
7
29
F (1) =
1 + =
=
.
15
5
15
15
15
2 1
1
29
: F ( ) = 2
+
. .
3
15 15
5

) f ( ) =

240

4.2.01. ) f ( x) =
F ( x) =

3
1

, + .
2
2x + 1

3
3
1
dx = ln x + + C
2x +1
2
2

.. F(0)=7,

3 1
ln + C = 7
2 2

3
2

1
2
3
1 3 1
3
F ( x) = ln x + ln + 7 = ln(2 x + 1) + 7
2
2 2 2
2

.. C = 7 ln

.
) f ( x) =

2
1

, +
3
3x + 1

2
2
1
= ln x + + C
3x + 1 3
3
2 1
.. F(0)=6, ln + C = 6
3 3
2 1
C = 6 ln ,
3 3
2
F ( x) = ln(3x + 1) + 6 , , 3
F ( x) =

.
7 + 2
7
= 2+ .
x

F ( ) = 2 + 7 ln + ;

4.2. 02. ) f ( ) =

F(8)=16+21ln2+=15=121ln2;
F(11)=22+7ln1117ln8=21+ 7 ln

11
11
. : 21 + 7ln .
8
8

3 + 8
.

F ( ) = 8 + 3ln + ; F(4)=32+6ln2+=7=256ln2;
7
7
F(7)=56+3ln7253ln4=31+ 3ln . : 31 + 3ln .
4
4

) f ( ) =

4.2 03. ) f ( ) =

7 2 + 4
.
2

4
F ( ) = 7 + ;

4
x

F(0,25)=1,7516+=17=31,25. : F ( ) = 7 + 31, 25 .

241

9 2 2
2
= 9 2 .
2

2
F ( ) = 9 + + .

2
2
F(0,5)=90,5+
+=5=13,5. : F()=9 + 13,5 .
0,5

) f ( ) =

9 2 + 1
1
2
= 9 + 2 . f / ( ) = 3 .
2

2 1
0 f / ( 0 ) = 3 = 0=2.
0 4

4.2. 04. ) f ( ) =

1
4

1
4

: = ( + 2) + f (2) ; f (2) = 9 .
: =

1
3
+9 .
4
4

4
7 2 + 2
2
= 7 + 2 . f / ( ) = 3 .
2

0 f / ( 0 ) = 4 = 1 0 = 4 .
03 16
1
1
1
3
= ( + 4 ) + f (4) ; f (4) = 7 . : = + 7 .
16
8
16
8

) f ( ) =

4.2. 05.

7 + 12
12
= 7+ .

12
/
f ( ) = 2 .

12
f / ( 0 ) = 2 = 3 0 = 2 , 0=2.
0

) f ( ) =

: =3(2)+f(2)=3+19 =3(+2)+f(2)=35.
: y = 3x 5.
) f ( ) =
f / ( ) =

5 9
9
= 5 .

9
.
2

f / ( 0 ) =

9
= 1 0=3 0=3.
02

=(+3)+f(3) =+11 =(3)+f(3) =1.


: y = x + 11; y = x 1.
4.2. 06.

) f ( ) =
242

2
1 .
2

f / ( ) =

2 ( 2) x2

( 2)

2 4

( 2)

= 1

4
.
( x 2)2

46

: = f / + f ; f / = 35 ; f =
;
3
3
3
3
3 3
= 35 +

) f ( ) =
f / ( ) =

245 46
+
= 35 + 97 . : =35+97.
3
3

2
+3.
3

2 ( 3) 2

( 3)

2 6

( 3)

10

= 1

10

9
.
( x 3) 2
10

10

: = f / + f ; f / = 80 ;
3
3
3
3
1
10
10 109
f = 36 ; y = (80) x +
= 80 x + 303 .
3
3 3
3

: y = 80x + 303.
4.2. 07. ) f ( ) =
f / ( ) =

5
+2 .
2 + 1

5 2 + 5 10 2

+1

5 2 + 5

+1

1
1
: = f + +
3
3
/

5
+5
1
1
/ 1
9
= 3,6 ; f = 0,5 .
f ; f =
100
3
3
3
81

: =3,6+1,7.
) f ( ) =
f / ( ) =

4
+3 .
2 + 4

4 2 + 16 8 2

+4

4 2 + 16

+4

.
2

: = f / + + f ; f / = 0,72 ; f = 2, 4 .
3
3
3
3
3
: =0,72+2,88.
4.2. 08.
4 1
+ 5 .
2
4 2
f / ( ) = 2 + 3 + 5 ;

) f ( ) =

f(1)=415=10; f/(1)=42+5=1. : =(+1)10; =11.


: y = x 11.
243

2 5
+ + 4 .
2
2 10
f / ( ) = 2 3 + 4 ; f(1)=11; f/(1)=8.

) f ( ) =

: =8(1)+11, .. =8+19.
: 8x + 19.
2 3
1
1
2
1
+ 5 = 2
+ 5 . f / ( ) = 3 + 2 + 5 ;
2
6 2
3
3 2
5
1
37
1 4
1 16
.
f = +1 = ; f / = + 7 =
2
3
2
6
2
3
3

4.2.09. ) f ( ) =

37
1 1
37
+6 .
+ . : =
3
2 6
3
2 + 3
1
1
1
1
) f ( ) =
5 =
+
5 . f / ( ) = 2 3 5 ;
3 2 2
6 2
3

9 5 31
1
1
f = 1 + + =
; f / = 3 + 27 5 = 19 ;
3
2
3
6

1 31

23

: = 19 + + . : = 19 + .
3 6
2

4.2.10. ) f ( ) =
f / ( ) = 4 +

1
;
2

4 2 5 1
1
= 4 5 .

1
f (2) = 8 5 + = 12,5 ;
2

f /(2)=4,25.

: =4,25(+2)12,5; =4,254. : = 4,25x 4.


2 2 4 3
3
= 2 4 .

3
1
1
/
f(3)=10+1=9
f ( ) = 2 + 2 ;
f / (3) = 2 + = 2 .
3
3

1
1
1
: = 2 ( + 3) 9 , .. = 2 2 . : y = 2 x 2 .
3
3
3
2 3 + 2 + 5 1
1
4.2.11. ) f ( ) =
= 22 + + 5 .

1
1 1 1
/1
/
f ( ) = 4 + 1 + 2 ; f = + + 5 2 = 4; f = 2 + 1 + 4 = 7 .

2 2 2
2

) f ( ) =

: = 7 + 4 = 7 + . : y = 7x + .
2
2
2

33 + 2 2 5 3
3
= 3 2 + 2 5 .

3
1 1 2
/
f ( ) = 6 + 2 + 2 ; f = + 5 9 = 13 ;

3 3 3

) f ( ) =

244

1
f / = 2 + 2 + 27 = 31 .
3

70

70

: = 31 13 = 31
. : y = 31x
.
3
3
3

4.2.12.
3
x

) x=e, y=3x, y =

y = 3 x y =
e

3
1 x

S = 3xdx dx =
1

) x=e, y=2x, y =

3x 2
3e 2 3
3e2 9
e
3 ln x 1 =
3 =
;
2 1
2 2
2

2
x

y = 2 x y =
2
1 x

3
x=1.
x

2
1.
x
e

S = 2 xdx dx = x 2 1 2 ln x 1 = e2 1 2 = e2 3 .
1

.
4.2.01. ) f ( ) =

12
1 .
2

24
1
1
. = .
9
9
3
1 24 1
1
1
/
/
f ( 0 ) = . 3 = 0 = 6 ; f (6) = 1 f (6) = ;
9 0 9
3
9
f / ( ) =

1
1 1
( 6) 1 = 2 .
9
3 9


,
. a, b , c
, : d =
d=

2 18
2

2 + 18
18

18
82

a b
. : (0; 2) (18; 0).
c

82
8
) f ( ) = 2 + 3 .

16
1
1
f / ( ) = 3 ; .
4
4

1
16 1
/
f ( 0 ) = 3 = 0 = 4 ; f(4)=3,5; f /(u)=0,25.
4
0 4

=0,25(+4)+3,5=0,25+4,5.
245

: 0; (18; 0). 2
: d =

9
18
18
18
2
=
. :
.
17
81
17
2
+ 18
4

4.2.02.
4
1 .
9 2 + 1
4 18
72
f / ( ) =
=
2
2
9 + 1
92 + 1

) f ( ) =

72
1
/ 1
f =1 ; f = + 3 = 6 .
4
3
3

( ) = 6 + 1 + 1 = 6 + 3 .
3

4
f ( ) = ( ) 2 1 = 6 + 3 ;
9 + 1

9 2 3

) = 6 + 3 9

3 + 54 3 + 27 2 + 6 + 3
=0;
9 +1
92 + 1
1
543+362+6=0 (92+6+1)=0 =0; = ;
3
1
f(0)=3 f = 1 .
3
2

6 8
6
) f ( ) = 2 + 1 . f / ( ) =
4 + 1
4 2 + 1

: (0; 3); ; 1 .
3

48

) ( 4
2

+1

1
1
f = 2 ; f / = 6 ;
2

2
1

( ) = 6 + 1 = 6 5 .
2

6
f ( ) = ( ) :1 2
= 6 5 ;
4 +1
4 2 + 1 + 24 3 + 20 2 + 6 + 4 5
=0;
4 2 + 1

243+242+6=0 (2+1)2=0.
246

1
1

1
; f(0)= 5; f = 2 . : (0; 5), ; 2 .
2
2
2

1
4.2.03. ) f ( ) = + 3 .

1
/
/
f ( ) = 2 ; f (1)=1 f(1)=2;

, =0, =

: ()=1+2=+1.

2
.
2

2
.
2
4
) f ( ) = 3 .

4
/
f ( ) = 2 ; f /(1)=4; f(1)=7.

: ()=4(1)7=411. :
:

11
17

11
17

1
.

1
1
1
f / ( ) = 2 ; f / = 9 ; f = 3 .

3
3

4.2. 04. ) f ( ) =

: = 9 + 3 = 9 6 . 3

1
2
2

(0; 6) ; 0 . : 6 = 2 .
2
3
3

: 2.
) f ( ) =
f / ( ) =

1
.

1
1
1
; f = 3 ; f / = 9 .
2
3
3

= 9 + 3 = 9 6 .
3

1
2
2

(0; 6) ; 0 . 6 = 2. : 2.
2
3
3

5
4.2.05. ) f ( x) = 2 , 5f(x)+4F(x)+17=0, x (0, +).
x
5
5
5
, F ( x) = 2 dx = + C , .. F(1)=0, + C = 0
x
1
x

=5
247

.. F ( x) =

5
5 .
x

,
25 20
5
+ 20 + 17 = 0 , 3x220x+25=0, x1=5, x2 = ;
3
x2 x
6
) f ( x) = 2 , x (, 0), 6f(x)5F(x)26=0
x
5
5
F ( x) = 2 dx = + C
x
x

6
6
dx = + C , .. F(1)=0,
x2
x
6
6+C=0 .. C=6 F ( x) = 6
x
F ( x) =

,
36 30
+ + 30 26 = 0 , 4x2+30x+36=0
x2 x
3
, x1=6, x2 = .
2
3
2
4.2.06. ) f ( ) =
.
g ( ) =
2
3
2

3 2
3
=

=1
2 3
2

3 = 2
= 2,5 ;
3 = 2 ; 2; 3
2 ( 3)
1
;
f / ( ) =
=
/

( 2) 2

( 2) 2

f (2,5)=4; f(2,5)=1.
: =4(2,5)1. : =411.
+3
+5
; g ( ) =
. :
+5
+3
+ 3 = + 5
2
+3 +5 +3

=
=
=
1

+ 3 = 5 = 4 ;

+5 +3 +5
3; 5

+ 5 ( + 3)
2
/
f /(4)=2; f(4)=1.
f ( ) =
=
2
( + 5)2

+
5
(
)

) f ( ) =

=2(+4)1. : =2+7.
4.2.07. ) f ( ) =

2 28
; =6.


248

7 2 = 28
2 28
= 2 .
= 6

f / ( ) =

2 2 2 + 28 2 + 28
28
=
= 1+ 2 .
2
2

=2: f / (2) = 1 + 7 = 8 ; f(2)=12.


: y = 8(x 2) 12; y = 8x 28.
=2: f(2) = 8; f(2) = 12.
: y = 8(x + 2) + 12; y = 8x + 28.
: y = 8x 28; y = 8x + 28.
) f ( ) =

2 48
48
=
; =2.


f / ( ) = 1 +

3 2 = 48
2 48
, x = 4;
= 2

48
.
2

=4: f /(4)=4; f(4)=8.


: =4(4)8. =424.
=4: f(4)=4; f(4)=8.
: =4(+4)+8 =4+24. : 4x + 24; 4x 24.
4.2.08.

) f ( ) =

6 16 4
.
5 + 105
2

, f() , .

4 2 16
6 16 4
. , .. D<0.
=
2 5 + 105 2 5 + 105

4(216)=4(4)(+4). :
+
+
x
-4
0
4
: (; 4] [4; +), [4; 4].
) f ( ) =

6 25 4
.
2 + 2 + 98

F() , f() F(). . , .. D<0. 6254=4(5)(+5)


+
-

x
-5
0
5
: F() (; 5] [5; +), [5; 5].

4.2.09.

) f ( ) =

3 2 + 7
7
= 3 + .

249

3 2
+ 7 ln + ;
2
3
75
3
75
F ( ) = F (5) 2 + 7 ln + =
+ 7 ln 5 + ; 2 = 7 ln + + 7 ln 5 .
2
2
2
2

F ( ) = f ( ) =

, =5 . , ..
(0; +) , . : x = 5.
) f ( ) =

52 + 4
4
= 5 + .

5 2
+ 4ln (0; +);
2
5
20
F ( ) = F (2) 2 + 4ln + =
+ 4ln 2 + .
2
2

: F ( ) = f ( ) =

, =2 . , .. (0; +) , .
: x = 5.
4.2.10.
) f ( ) =
f / ( ) =

16
.

16
; f(2)=8; f /(2)=4.
2

=4(+2)+8=4+16.
(0; 16) (4; 0). : S = 16 + 256 = 4 17 .
: 4 17 .
) f ( ) =
f / ( ) =

6
.

6
;
2

f(1)=6; f /(1)=6. =6(+1)+6=6+12.


(0; 12) (2; 0).
S = 4 + 144 = 2 37 . : 2 37 .
x
2

4.2.11. ) y = , y =

4
(2; 1).
x2
1

1 4
1
4 x2
x
4 x
S = 2 dx = 2 dx = + =
2
2 x
2 x
2
x 4 2
1
= 4 + (2 + 1) = 1, 25 . : 1,25;
4
x
3
1
) y = , y = 2 3;
9
x
3
3

3
3 x2
1 3 2 2
3 x
S = 2 dx = = 1 + + =
9
x
18
2 2 9 9
2 x

250

2
.
9

4.2.12.
4

) f ( ) = 3 .
f / ( ) = 3 +

4
2

2
2
f / = 12 ; f = 2 + 6 = 4 .
3
3

: = 12 + + 4 = 12 + 12 .
3

1
2

. (0; 12) (1;0). : S = 12 1 = 6 .


: 6.
) f ( ) = 4

2
2
1
1
. f / ( ) = 4 + 2 ; f / = 12 ; f = 2 4 = 2 .

2
2

= 12 2 = 12 8 .
2

1
2 8
2

. (0; 8) ; 0 . : S = 8 = .
2
3 3
3

8
.
3

D.
4.2. D01.

5 2 + 81
5
5
.
=
=
81
81
3

2
81
+ 81
+

10 4 15 4 1215 2 5 2 1215
/ ( ) =
.
=
6
4

) =

, /()

14
.
135

5 2 1215
14
;
=
135
4
14 4
5 2 1215 = 0

;
135
0

D=232; 12 = 135 ; 22 =

1215
< 0 , . 2=135. ,
14

= 135 = 3 15 = 3 15 .

: 3 15 , 3 15 .
251

9
9
9 2 + 576
.
=
=
64
64
3

2
64
+ 64
+

/ ( ) =

18 4 17 4 1728 2 9 2 1728
.
=
6
4

, /()

17
.
216

17 4
9 2 1728 = 0
9 2 1728
17
;
;
=

216

4
216

16 216
2
2
2
D=25 ; 1 = 276 ; 2 =
<0.
34

, 2=216, = 6 6 = 6 6 .
: 6 6 ; 6 6 .
4.2.D02. ) f ( ) =
f / ( ) =

1
.
6

1
. 0 .
62

: =f /(0)(0)+f(0);
=

1
1
1

1
.

6 0 6 0 6 02 30
6 02
1

; , =
;

2
24 02 3 0
4 2
12 2 + 8 0 + 1 = 0
12 02 + 8 0 + 1
.
=0 0
2
24 0
0 0
D
= 16 12 = 4 ;
4
4 2
1
1
0 =
; 0 = 0 = .
12
2
6
2
2
: = + =6+2.
3
3
2
2
: y = x + ; y = 6x + 2.
3
3
2
.
) f ( ) =
3
2
f / ( ) = 2 .
3

12x02 + 8x + 1 = 0;

0 .
: =f /(0)(0)+f(0);
252

2
2
2
2
4
+
+
= 2 +
.
3 0
302 3 0 30
30

1,5 02 4 0 + 2 = 0
2
4
.
+

2
30 3 0
0 0
D
2
= 4 3 = 1 0 = 2 0 = .
1,5 02 4 0 + 2 = 0 ;
4
3
1
2
3
: = + = + 2 .
2
6
3
1
2
3
: y = x + ; y = x + 2 .
6
3
2

(1; 0,5); 0,5 =

4.2.D03. ) f ( ) =

2 11 + 28 ( 4)( 7)
.
=
2
2

4 f()0, F() .
[4; 7] f()0, F()
[7; +) f()0, F().
, , [3; 7] F()
=4.
28
11 28
F ( ) = f ( ) = 1 + 2 dx = 11ln + .

, F(4)=1411ln47+=1=4+11ln4.
28
+ 4 + 11ln 4 .

10 24
2 10 + 24 ( 4 )( 6 )
) f ( ) =
=
= 1 + 2 .

2
2

: F ( ) = 11ln

4 f()0, F() .
[4; 6] f()0, F() .
[6; +) f()0, F() .
, , [1; 6] F()
=4.
F ( ) = f ( ) = 10ln

24
+ .

, F(4)=2410ln46+=2 =10ln4.
24
+ 10 ln 4 .

5 3
2
2
4.2.D04. ) f ( ) =
. f / ( ) =
.
= 5+
2
1
1
( 1)

: F ( ) = 10 ln

0 .
: =f /(0)(0)+f(0);
=

( 0 1)

2 0

( 0 1)

+5+

2
.
0 1

(3; 5);
253

5=

( 0 1)

2 0

( 0 1)

+5+

4 0 + 4 = 0
2 + 6 + 2 0 2
2
; 0
=0
x0 = 1 .
2
0 1
( 0 1)
0 1

1
2

: = + 5 1 = + 3,5 .
x
2
4 +1
7
7
= 4
. f / ( ) =
; 0 .
) f ( ) =
2
+2
+2
( + 2)

: y = + 3,5 .

: =f /(0)(0)+f(0);
=

( 0 + 2 )

7 0

( 0 + 2 )

+4

7
.
0 + 2

(2; 4).
4=

14

( 0 + 2)

7 0

( 0 + 2)

+4

14 70 70 14
14 0
7
;
= 0 x0 = 0.
=0;
2
2
0 + 2
( 0 + 2)
( 0 + 2 )
7
4

: = x

14
7
7
1
+ 4 . : y = x + .
16
2
4
2
8

4
. f / ( ) =
2 + 7
2 + 7

4.2.D05. ) f ( ) =

0 .
: =f /(0)(0)+f(0);
=

8 0 ( 0 ) + 4 02 + 28

2
0

+7

8 0 ( 5 0 ) + 4 02 + 28

02

+7

. (5; 0).

=0; 12 02 + 40 0 + 28 = 0 ;

12 02 + 10 0 + 7 = 0 0 = 1 , 0 =

7
;
3

0=1 : =

8 ( + 1) + 4 + 28
64

5
+ .
8 8

56
7
49
56
840
+
+ + 4 + 28
7
3
3
9
3
9 = 27 + 135 .
0 =
=
=
2
12544
3
224 224
49

+ 7
81
9

5
27 135
: = + =
.
+
8 8
224 224
6
3
) f ( ) = 2
. f / ( ) =
. 0 .
2
2
11
11

: =f (0)(0)+f(0);
254

6 0 ( 0 ) + 302 33

( 0 11)

. (1; 0);
6 0 ( 4 0 ) + 302 33

2
0

11

=0;

9 02 + 24 0 33 = 0 3 02 + 8 0 11 = 0
11
; 2
; 0=1 0 = .
2
3
0 11
0 11
6 ( 1) + 3 33
3
6
=
.
0=1: =
100
50
25
11 22
11 121

22 + +
33 22 + +
11
81
162
3 3
3 3

=
= +
.
0 = : =
2
22 22
3
22
11
121

11

81
9

: =0,60,24 =
4.2D06.

) f ( ) =

81
162
.
+
22
11

4 16 2 81
4
4
.
=
=
81
324
64 3
4 +
4 +
2
81
16 81
4
4

16 2 81
81
81
. F ( ) = +
+ .
= 1
16
16 2
16 2
81
1
(81; 81): 81 = 81 +
+ ; = .
16 81
16
81 1
: F ( ) = +
.
16 16
f ( ) =

7 49 2 36
36
7
7
= 1
.
=
=
3
2
36
252
49x
343

7 +
7 +
36
49 2 36
7
7
36
: F ( ) = +
+ .
49
36
1
.
+ =
(36; 36): 36 = 36 +
49 36
49
36
1
.
: F ( ) = +

49 49
16
16
4.2.D07. ) f ( ) =
. f / ( ) =
.
2
2
( 2)

) f ( ) =

255

0 .
f /(0)=tg135;

16

( 0 2 )

( 2 )2 = 16
0 = 6
= 1 0

.
0 = 2
0 2

0=6, =(6)+f(6)=(6)+4; =+10.


0=2, =(2)+f(2)=24 =6.
: y = x + 10; y = x 6.
) f ( ) =

9
9
. f / ( ) =
.
2
4
( 4)

0 . f /(0)=tg45.
9

( 0 4 )

2
0 = 7
( 4 ) = 9
=1 0

;
0 = 1
0 4

0=7 =7+f(7)=73 =10.


0=1 =1+f(1)=1+3 =+2.
: y = x 10; y = x + 2.
4.2.D08.
) f ( ) =

5
5
. f / ( ) = 2 . =4 4.

0 , f /(0)=4.

5
5.
= 4 0 =
2
02

: = 4 5 +

2
2

; 2 5 .
2

0 =

0 =

5
5
: = 4 + +
2
2

( 5 ) + (4 5 )
2

: = 4x + 4 5 ; y = 4x 4 5 ; S = 85 .
4
4
. f / ( ) = 2 .

=5 5.
0 , f /(0)=5
4
2
.
=5 =
2
5

256

5
f
= 4 4 5 .
2

5
; 2 5 .

S =

) f ( ) =

5
f
= 4 + 4 5 .
2

= 85 .

0 =

2
2

= 5
; 2 5 .
+ f
= 5 4 5 .
5
5

5
2
0 =
:
5
2

= 5 +
+
5

2
f
= 5 + 4 5 .
5

; 2 5 .

S =

16
26
.
+ 16 5 = 4
5
5

: y = 5x 4 5 ; y = 5x + 4 5 ; S = 4

26
.
5

4.2.D09.

) f ( ) =

4
4
. f / ( ) = 2 .

(0; f(0)): =f /(0)(0)+f(0);


=

4 ( 0 )
02

4 4 8 0
.
=
0
02

4 8 0
4 8 0
(1): 1 =
;
02
02

2
0 8 0 4 = 0
0 = 4 + 20

0
0
0 = 4 20

0 = 4 + 20 =
=

+1
9+4 5

+1
94 5

36 + 16 5

4 32 + 16 5
36 16 5

4 + 4
36 + 16 5

1 .

4 + 4
36 16 5

1 .

1 .

:
) f ( ) =

1 .

0 = 4 20 : =
=

4 32 16 5

1
9+4 5

1
94 5

2
2
; f / ( ) = 2

(0; f(0)):
=f /(0)(0)+f(0);
=

2 ( 0 )
02

2 2 + 4 0
.
=
0
02

257

1
3

, =

2 + 4 0
3.
02

2
6 + 4 0
+ 4 0 6 = 0 D
;
0
= 10 ; 0 = 2 10 .
2
4
0
0 0
2
1
.
=
0 = 2 + 10 ; f / ( 0 ) =
14 4 10 2 10 7
2
1
0 = 2 10 ; f / ( 0 ) =
.
=
14 + 4 10 2 10 + 7
1
1

1 =

2 10 7

2 10 + 7

4.2.D10.

) f ( ) =

3
3
3 . f / ( ) = 2 .

0 .
: =f /(0)(0)+f(0) =

3 ( 0 )
02

3
3.
0

, 12,
1
1
, 12, .
12
12
3
1 : f / ( 0 ) = 2 = 12 ;
0

2 : f / ( 0 ) =

3
1
;
=
02 12

3 : f / ( 0 ) =

3
= 12 0 = 0,5 ;
02

4 : f / ( 0 ) =

3
1
= 0 = 6 .
12
02

: =

1
1
2 ; = 4 ; y = 12x + 9; y = 12x 15.
12
12

1
2 . , 9,

1
1
1
, 9, . f / ( ) = 2 .
9
9

1
(0; f(0)) . 1 : f / ( 0 ) = 2 = 9 ;
0

) f ( ) =

2 : f / ( 0 ) =

1 1
= ;
02 9

3 : f / ( 0 ) =

1
1
= 9 0 = ;
3
02

258

= 9 + f = 9 + 3 + 1 = 9 + 4 ;
3

= 9 + + f = 9 3 5 = 9 8 ;
3

3
4 : f / ( 0 ) =

1
1
= 0 = 3 ;
9
02

1
1
1 1
1
1
( 3) + f (3) = + + 2 = 1 ;
9
9
3 3
9
3
1
1
1 1
1
2
= ( + 3) + f (3) = 2 = 2 .
9
9
3 3
9
3
1
1
1
2
: =9+4; =98; = 1 ; = 2 .
9
3
9
3
=

4.2.D11.

) f ( ) =

4
4
f / ( ) = 2 .

;
3

2
1
2 2
1
4
= f / (6)( 6) + = + + = + . 3
9
3 3
9
3
4

. 0; , . (12; 0).
3

. 6;

M
, M .
: M .
) f ( ) =

3
3
f / ( ) = 2

2;
2

3
3
= f (2) ( + 2 ) = 3 . . (4;
2
4
/

0) (0; 3). M , M
. : .
4
1 4.
x
4 4
4 4

S = ( x 3)2 dx = x 2 + 6 x 9 dx =
1 x
1 x

4.2.D12. ) y=(x3)2, y =

= 4 ln x

x3
64
1
+ 3x 2 9 x = 4 ln 4 + 48 36 + 3 + 9 =
3
3
3
1

=4ln421+12+6=8ln23

: 8ln23;
259

) y=(x6)2, y =

32
2 8.
x
8

8 32

( x 6) 3
8 43

S = ( x 6) 2 dx = 32 ln x
= 64 ln 2 =
3 2
3 3
2 x

= 64 ln 2

72
= 64 ln 2 24 .
3

: 64ln224.
3.
.
4.3.01. ) f ( ) = 12 5 3 .
6

5
6

F ( ) = 12 5 3 + = 10 5 3 + .
6

(3; 4): 4 = 10 35 9 + = 13 30 5 3 .
6

: F ( ) = 10 5 3 + 13 30 5 3 .
3

) f ( ) = 9 + 2 . F ( ) = 6 2 + 2 + .
(6; 2) 2 = 36 6 + 12 + = 14 36 6 .
3

: F ( ) = 6 2 + 2 14 36 6 .
4.3.02. ) f ( ) = 3 3 5 . f / ( ) =

1
3

(0; f(0)) ,
.
1
3

02

1
02 = 512 0 = 512 = 16 2 .
8

: x = 16 2 ; x = 16 2 .

) f ( ) = 5 5 3 . f / ( ) = 1 .
5

(0, f(0)) , tg .
1

04

1
4

= 04 = 1024 x0 4 1024 = 32 = 4 2 .

: x = 4 2 ; x = 4 2 .
4.3.03. ) f ( ) =

64 225

8 + 15
4
900
64 8 + 15
+ 960
( 64 225 ) 256 +

/
.
f ( ) =
=
2
2
8 + 15
8 + 15

(4; f(4)): =f /(4)(4)+f(4);


260

f / (4) =

256 2 + 450 + 960 1922


256 225
=1;
=
= 2 ; f (4) =
961
31
312

: =27.
) f ( ) =

81 121

9 + 11

9
(81 121)
2
.
9 + 11

81 9 + 11
/

f ( ) =

(4; f(4)): =f /(4)(4)+f(4);

(9 x )
f ( x) =

112

(9

)(

) =9

x 11 9 x + 11

x 11 .
9 x + 11
9 x + 11
9
9
9
; f (4) = ; f(4) = 7. : y = x 2 .
f ( x) =
4
4
2 x

4.3.04. ) f ( ) = 4 15 ; g ( ) = 5 21 .
4 15 = 5 21 ;
4

15
=
5

21

=
6

;
;

4 15 0
4 15 0
2
2
; f / (6) = ; f(6)=3.
f / ( ) =
3
4 15

(6; 3): =f /(6)(6)+f(6).


: =

2
1 .
3

) f ( ) = 4 + 1 ; g ( ) = 3 + 7 .
:
f / ( ) =

2
4 + 1

; f / (6) =

4 + 1 = 3 + 7
= 6

;
4 + 1 = 3 + 7
4 + 1 0
4 + 1 0

2
; f(6)=5;
5

(6; 5). =f /(6)(6)+f(6). : =

2
13
+ .
5
5

4
2 3
4.3.05. ) S = 9 xdx = 9 x 2 = 6 8 = 48 . : 48;
3 0
0
9

3 4

2
3

8
3

) S = 4 xdx = 4 x 2 = 8 =
0

4.3.06. ) f ( ) =

2
33

64
.
3

64
.
3

.
2

F ( ) = 3 + .
261

, 2 3 = 3 + 1 =2.
2

: F ( ) = 3 2 .
) f ( ) =

4
33

.
2

: F ( ) = 2 3 + .
2

+ 2 = 2 3 + 1 , =32=1.
2

: F ( ) = 2 3 + 1 .
.
4.3.01. ) f ( ) =

+2

+2.

+2
2 = 2 ;

f ( ) =

: ()=f /(4)(4) +f(4); f /(4)=

1
f(4)=5;
8

1
1
1
1
1
1
+ 5 = + 4 . : + 4 .
8
2
8
2
8
2
4

4
2 = +4 .
4 . f / ( ) =
) f ( ) =

2x x

: ()=f /(1)(1)+f(1); f / (1) =


: =

5
5
1
; f (1) = 7 ; = 9 .
2
2
2

5
1
9 .
2
2

4.3.02.
) f ( ) = 2 + 6 11 . f / ( ) = 2 +

3
6 11

=f /(2)(2)+f(2) f /(2)=5; f(2)=5.


()=55. : ()=55.
3
) f ( ) = 6 + 3 + 31 . f / ( ) = 6 +
.
2 3 + 31

: =f /(2)(+2)+f(2); f /(2)=6,3; f(2)=7.


()=6,3+12,67=6,3+5,6.
: 6,3+5,6.
5 + 6 2
.
2 1
3

2 +
( 2 1) 2 6 5 + 4

6
5

4.3.03. ) f(x) =

f / ( ) =
262

( 2 1)

f / (1) =

( 2 + 3)( 2 1) 2 + 4 = 3 ;
1

f (1) =

1 2
= 1.
1

: =f /(1)(1)+f(1).

: =34.

3 3
( 3 5)
13 6 3
13 6

/
. f ( ) =
) f ( ) =
2
3 5

3
5

(
)
f / (2) =

1( 3 3) 3 (1 6 )
1

13 6 3

= 9 ; f(2)=5.

: =f /(2)(2)+f(2). : ()=923.
1

4.3. 04. ) f ( ) = 2 2 6 2 1 . f / ( ) = 4

; f /(9)=35; f(9)=143.

: =f /(9)(9)+f(9). : ()=35172.
1

) f ( ) = 3 2 2 2 4 . f / ( ) = 6

f/(1)=61=7; f(1)=9
: =f /(1)(1)+f(1)
() = 7(x 1) 9. : () = 7x 2.
1

4.3.05. ) f ( ) =

3
2
5 5 4 . f / ( ) = 2 + 5 ; f /(1)=2; f(1)= 8 .
3
3

: =f /(1)(1)+f(1);
2
2
( ) = 2 10 . : ( ) = 2 10 .
3
3
1

) f ( ) =

4
5
5 7
1
5 2 + 5 . f / ( ) = 3 + 2 ; f / (1) = 1 + = ; f (1) = .
4
2
2 2
4

=f /(1)(1)+f(1)

7
13
7
13
. : ( ) = .
2
4
2
4
11
4.3.06. ) f ( ) = 2 +
. : F ( ) = 2 + 22 + .

( ) =

(4; 15): 15=8+44+= 67.


: F ( ) = 2 + 22 67 .
) f ( ) = 10

. F ( ) = 10 6 + .

(36; 11): 36036+ = 11 = 407.


: F ( ) = 10 x 6 + 407 .
1
5

4.3.07. ) f ( ) = 7 7 7 + 1
6

f / ( ) =

7 6
2
29
7 ; f / (1) = ; f (1) =
.
5
5
5

263

=f /(1)(1)+f(1);
( ) =

2
31
2
31
. : ( ) = .
5
5
5
5
1
2

5
2

) f ( ) = 5 5 5 + 1 . f / ( ) = 4

4
5

1
1
5
7
+ 5 + 1 = 6 ; f / (1) = 1 = .
2
2
2
2

f (1) =

: =f /(1)(+1)+f(1);
7
( ) = + 3 .
2
7
2

: ( ) = + 3 .

4.3.08. ) f ( ) =

f (1) =

12

6 + 24 + 5
3

(12 + 24 ) 3
/

. f ( ) =

1
2
3 3
3

6 2 + 24 + 5

1
( 6 24 + 5)
13
23
3
= 12 + = ; f(1)=13.
1
3
3

: =f /(1)(+1)+f(1);
=

23
2
23
23
16
20 ; y = ( x + 1) + 13 . : = + .
3
3
3
3
3

) f ( ) =

f (1) =

3 21 + 8
3

( 6 21) 3
. f / ( ) =

( 3

21 + 8

2
3 3

10
3 = 35 ;
1
3

15 +

f(1)= 10; =f /(1)(1)+f(1);


35
5
+ .
3
3
35
5
: ( ) = + .
3
3
( ) =

4.3.09. ) f ( ) = 2 0,5 6 3 +5 2 5 + 5 .
f / ( ) = 0,5 2

2
3

+ 11 5 ;

f(1) = 10; f(1) = 2 6 + 5 + 5 = 1 + 5 .


: =f /(1)(1)+f(1)
( ) = 10( 1) + 1 + 5 . : ( ) = 10 + 11 + 5 .
5

13

) f ( ) = 5 0,2 4 4 + 35 3 + 3 . f / ( ) = 0,8 5 4 + 16 3 ;
264

f / (1) = 1 5 + 16 = 12 ; f (1) = 5 4 + 3 + 8 = 4 + 3

=f /(1)(1)+f(1);
( ) = 12 8 + 3 . : ( ) = 12 8 + 3 .
4.3.10. ) f ( ) = 11 5 . f / ( ) =

5
2 11 5

5
2

; f / (2) = ; f(2)=1;

=f /(2)(2)+f(2);
5
5
( ) = + 6 . : ( ) = + 6 .
2
2
2
2
/
) f ( ) = 21 4 . f ( ) =
; f / (3) = ; f(3)=3.
3
21 4

=f /(3)(3)+f(3);
2
2
( ) = + 5 . : ( ) = + 5 .
3
3

4.3. 11. ) f ( ) = 6 9 17 . f / ( ) = 9 17
f / (2) = 1

9
2 9 17

18
= 10 ; f(2)=62= 4.
2

=f /(2)(2)+f(2); ()= 10+24.


: ()= 10+24.
) f ( ) = 5 + 3 11 . f / ( ) = 3 11 +
f / (4) = 1 +

3
2 3 11

12
= 7 ; f(4)=5+4=9.
2

=f /(4)(4)+f(4); ()=719.
: ()=719.
4.3.12. ) 5 x = 15 x x=0, x =
3
5

3
5
3

2 3 5 5 2
3 2 5 9
S = 15 x 5 x dx = 15 x 2 x 2 =
=
15
3
2
3
0
5 2 25

0
2
3 9 6 9
3
= 9 = = .
3
5 10 5 10 10
3
:
;
10
2
) 3x = 6 x x=0, x =
3
2
3

2 3 3 3
2 2 2 3 2
S = 6 x 3x dx = 6 x 2 x 2 = 6 =
3
2
3 3 3 2 3
0

0
4 2 8 6 2
2
= 2 = = .
: .
9 3 9 9 9
9

265

.
4.3.01. ) f ( ) = 21 5 8 + 33 .
(0; 4) ;
4 = 21 5 8 0 + 33 8 0 + 33 = 5 ;

80+33=250= 1.
f / ( ) =

5 8

2 8 + 33

20
8 + 33

; f / (1) =

20
= 4 .
5

: =f /(1)(+1)+f(1); ()= 48. : = 48.


) f ( ) = 31 5 6 + 7 . (0; 6) ;
6 = 31 5 6 0 + 7 6 0 + 7 = 5 ; 60+7=250=3;
f / ( ) =

5 6
2 6 + 7

15
6 + 7

; f / (3) =

15
.
5

: =f /(3)(3)+f(3); y(x) = 3x + 15. : y = 3x + 15.


4.3.02. ) f ( ) = + 1 9 + 46 .
(0; 0):
0 = 0 + 1 9 0 46 9 0 + 46 = 1 ; 0= 5;
f / ( ) = 1

9
2 9 + 46

; f / ( 5) = 3,5 .

: =f /(5)(+5)+f(5);
()= 3,522,5. : = 3,522,5.
) f ( ) = + 2 5 + 19 .
(0; 0):
0 = 0 + 2 5 0 + 19 50+19=4; 0= 3;
f / ( ) = 1

5
2 5 0 + 19

; f / (3) = 1

5
1
= .
4
4
1
4

3
4

=f /(3)(+3)+f(3); ( ) = 3 .
1
4

3
4

: ( ) = 3 .
4.3.C03.

) f ( ) = 3 2 4 + 8 . f / ( ) = 6

; f /(1)=4; f(1)=7.

(1; f(1)) =f /(1)(1)+f(1); ()=4+3.


() (0; 3),
3

; 0 . : (0; 3);
4

3
; 0 .
4

) f ( ) = 2 2 8 + 5 . f / ( ) = 4

; f /(4)=14; f(4)=21.

. (4; 21): =f /(4)(4)+f(4); ()=1435.


266

(0; 35), ; 0 .
2

: (0; 35); ; 0 .
2

4.3.04.
) f ( ) = 8 16 + 9 +

1
3

9 32 + 8

+2 .

f() F(). [8; 9] f()>0, F() . F(9)>F(8). : F(9) > F(8).


) f ( ) = 4 8 + 5 +

1
3

5 16 + 4

+5 .

f() F(). [4; 5] f()>0, F() . F(5)>F(4). : F(5) > F(4).


4.3.05.
) f ( ) = 10 3 3 10 .
9: 9 = 10 3 30 10 3010= 1;
0=3 ( ); f / ( ) =

1
3

( 3 10 )

; f /(3)= 1; f(3)= 9.

. (3; 9) =f /(3)(3)+f(3); ()= 6.


: = 6.
) f ( ) = 7 3 3 + 8 .
6: 6 = 7 3 30 + 8 30 + 8 = 1 ;
0= 3 . f / ( ) =

1
3

( 3 + 8 )

; f /(3)= 1; f(3)= 6.

=f /(3)(+3)+f(3); ()= 9.
: = 9.
3

4.3.06. ) f ( ) = ( 4 + 9 ) 4 + 9 = ( 4 + 9 ) 2 .
f / ( ) = 4

3
4 + 9 = 6 4 + 9 .
2

:
3

( 4 + 9) 2

= 6 ( 4 + 9) 2 ( 4 + 9) 2 ( 4 + 9 6) = 0 ;

= 4
4 + 9 = 0
.
4 + 9 = 6
= 3

4
9
3
: ; .
4
4

267

) f ( ) = ( 3 1) 3 1 = ( 3 1) 2 . f / ( ) = 3

1
1
3
9
( 3 1) 2 = ( 3 1) 2 .
2
2

:
3

( 3 1) 2

1
1
9
9
( 3 1) 2 ( 3 1) 2 3 1 = 0 .
2
2

3 1 = 0
= 3

.
3 1 = 9
= 11

6
1
11
:
.
3
6
3
, y'(3)=1
x

4.3.07. ) y = 2 3x y ' =

y=y(3)+y'(3)(x3)=6+(x3)=x+3
3

9 x2
2 3
S = ( x + 3)dx + ( x + 3) 2 3 x dx = + + 3x 2 3 x 2 =
2 2
3 0
0
3
0

9
2

9
2

= +

4
3

3 3 = 18 12 = 6 .

: 6;
) y = 3 2 x y ' =

3
2x

y '(2) =

3
y(2)=6
2

3
2

y=y(2)+y'(2)(x2)= 6 + ( x 2) =

3
x+3
2
2

3
0 3
2 3
3

S = x + 3 dx + x + 3 3 2 x dx = 3 + x 2 + 3 x 2 2 x 2 =
4
0 2
2 2

=3+3+68=4.
: 4.
4.3.08.
) x0 , f (x0) = g(x0).
3
3x0 + 16
f ( x) =

3
2 x0 + 19

3
3 x + 16

3 x0 + 16 = 2 x + 19
x0 = 3;
3 x0 + 16 > 0

, g ( x) =

3
2 x + 19

3
5

; f (3) = = g(3).

f: y(x) = f (3)(x 3) + f(3);


( x) =

3
41
x+ .
5
5

g: y(x) = g(3)(x 3) + g(3);


y ( x) =

268

3
66
3
41 3
66
; : x + ; x +
.
x+
5
5
5
5 5
5

) x0 , : f (x0) = g(x0);
5
5 x0 11

5
2 x0 + 1

f (4) = g(4) =

5 x0 11 = 2 x0 + 1
x0 = 4;
2 x + 1 > 0

5
; f(4) = 6; g(4) = 15.
3

5
2
3
3
5
25
g: y(x) = g(4)(x 4) + g(4); y ( x) = x + .
3
3
5
2
5
25
.
: y = x y = x +
3
3
3
3

f: y(x) = f (4) (x 4) + f(4); g(x) = x .

4.3.09.
) f ( x) = 3x 2 , y=87x .
x=1.

f(1)=1 f '( x) =

f '(1) =

2 3x 2
3
2

3
2

y=f(1)+f'(1)(x1)= 1 + ( x 1) =
: y =

3
1
x
2
2

3
1
x ;
2
2

) f ( x) = 9 8 x , y=5x4 .
x=1 .
f(1)=1 f '( x) =

8
2 9 8x

f '(1) =

4
= 4 .
1

y=14(x1)=4x+5.
: y=4x+5.
4.3.10.
) y= 4x+13; f ( x) = 5 4 4 x + 13 .
5

F(x) = (4 x + 13) 4 + C .
5

: 4x + 13 = (4 x + 13) 4 + C .
, (3) , 1 = 1 + C C = 0.
1

: 4x + 13 = (4x + 13) (4 x + 13) 4


1

(4x + 13) ( (4 x + 13) 4 1) = 0;


13

13
13

x = 4
x=
x=
13


4
4 ; : 3 .

1
4

4 x + 13 = 1
x = 3
(4 x + 13) 4 = 1

269

) g = 2x 7; f(x) = 3 2 x 7 .
3

F ( x) = (2 x 7) 2 + C .
3

: 2x7 = (2 x 7) 2 + C .
, 4 : 1 = 1 + C C = 0.
3

: 2x 7 = (2 x 7) 2 (2 x 7)( 2 x 7 1) = 0
7

2 x 7 = 0
7
x =

2 ; : 4 .
2
2 x 7 = 1
x = 4

4.3.11.

) y = 100 x 2 .
y( x) =

2x
2 100 x

x
100 x

; y(6) =

6 3
= ; y(6) = 8.
8 4

: g(x) = y(6)(x 6) + y(6);


3
9
3
25
.
x 8 = x
4
2
4
2
3
25
.
: g ( x) = x
4
2
g ( x) =

) y = 225 x 2 . y( x) =

x
225 x 2

; y(9) = 12, y(9) =

9 3
= .
12 4

: g(x) = y(9)(x 9) + y(9);


g ( x) =

9
27
3
75
3
75
. : g ( x) = x .
x
12 = x
12
4
4
4
4
4

4.3.12.

) f ( x) =
f (1) =

3
3
4 x + 7 . f ( x) =
4
2
3
3

4x + 7

4 =

3
4x + 7

= tg .
3

( ) ,

, .
3
6


; ; .
2 3 6
2
1
1

) f ( x) =
; f (1) =
= tg .
5 x 2 . f ( x) =
5
5x 2
3
6

, , .
6
3

: ; ; .
2 6 3

D.

270

4.3.D01. ) f(x) = x2 + (x 2)0,8. F ( x) =

x3 ( x 2)1,8
+
+C ;
3
1,8

f(x) F(x)
F(x) = 0 , .. F .
x = 6 ( ). : 6.
) f(x) = x8 + (x + 4)0,1. f(x) F(x)
F(x) = 0 1 , .. F .
x = 3 ( ). : 3.
4.3.D02. ) f(x) = x2 + 3x 2 .
f (x) = 2x +

3
2 3x 2

f (1) = 3,5 ( ).
:
1
2

tg + arctg3,5 = ctg(arctg3,5) =
= .
tg(arctg3,5)
7
2

(1; f(1)) = (1; 2).


2
7

2
7

2
7

2
7

2
7

: y = ( x 1) + 2 = x + 2 . : y = x + 2 .
) f(x) = x2 + 2 x + 11 . f(x) = 2x +
1
3

f (1) = 2 + =

1
2 x + 11

7
.
3

:
7
7
1
3

tg + arctg = ctg arctg = = .


3
2
3
3
7

(1; f(1)) = (1; 2).


3
7

3
7

: y = ( x + 1) + 2 = x +

11
3
11
. : x + .
7
7
7

4.3.D03. ) , y =x .
3

f(x) = (2 x + 3) 2 + 2 x 2 3 ; f ( x) = 3(2 x + 3) 2 + 4x.


1

x0 f (x0) = 3(2 x0 + 3) 2 + 4 x0 = 1
16 x02 + 10 x0 26 = 0
2

16 x0 8 x0 + 1 = 18 x0 + 27

x0 = 1; f(x0) = 0.
1
4
x
1
0

>
0
x >

: y = x 1. : y = x 1.
) , y = x, .
271

f ( x) = (2 x + 3) 2 + 2 x 2 + 7 ; f ( x) = 3(2 x + 3) 2 + 4 x
1

x0 f ( x0 ) = 3(2 x0 + 3) 2 + 4 x0 = 1
16 x02 10 x0 26 = 0
18 x0 + 27 = 16 x02 + 8 x0 + 1


. x0 = 1; f(x0) = 6.

1
4 x0 < 1
x0 <

y = 1(x + 1) + 6.
: y = x + 7.
4.3.D04. ) f ( x) = 5 4 x , y = x.
:
x = 1
5 4 x = x 2
x 2 + 4 x 5 = 0

5 4x = x

x = 5 x = 1.
x 0
x 0
x 0

2
; f(1) = 2.
f ( x) =
5 4x

(1; 1): y = f(1)(x 1) + 1 y = 2x + 3.


(0; 3) (1,5; 0).
1
2

S = 3 1,5 = 2, 25 .
: 2,25.
) f ( x) = 7 6 x , y = x. :
x = 1
x 2 = 7 6 x
x 2 + 6 x 7 = 0

7 6x = x

x = 7 x = 1;
x 0
x 0
x 0

3
; f (1) = 3.
f ( x) =
7 6x

(1; 1): y = f(1)(x 1) + 1 y = 3x + 4.


4

(0; 4) ; 0 .
3
1
2

4
3

S = 4 =

8
8
. : .
3
3
9

4.3.D05. ) f ( x) = (3x + 2) 4 3x + 2) = (3x + 2) 2 .

f (x) = 4,5 3(3x + 2)3,5 = 13,5(3x + 2)3,5.


F ( x) =

1
(3 x + 2)5,5 + C .
16,5

( ):
13,5(3x + 2)3,5 =
272

1
(3x+2)5,5 + C.
16,5

,
13,5(3x + 2)3,5 =

2
, C = 0.
3

(3x + 2)2

1
(3x+2)5,5; (3x + 2)3,5
13,5 = 0 ;
16,5
16,5

2
2
x =
x=
3
3x + 2 = 0

3


.
2 3 11
(3x + 2)2 = 222, 75 = 891
x
=

2 3 11

x= +
3
2
4

3
2
3 x + 2 0
2
3

2
3

: ; +

3 11
.
2

) f ( x) = (5 x 4) 2 5 x 4 = (5 x 4) 2,5
f (x) = 12,5(5x 4)1,5
F ( x) =

1
(5 x 4)3,5 + C .
17,5

( )
12,5(5x 4)1,5 =

1
(5x 4)3,5 + C.
17,5

4
, , C = 0.
5
4

x=
x =
2

(5
x

4)

5
.
(5 x 4)1,5
12,5 = 0
2
2
x = 5 0,35 + 4
17,5

(5 x 4) = (25 0,35)

5 x 4 0
5

4
4
: ; 5 0,35 + .
5
5

4.3.D06. ) f ( x) = 3 4 x + 3 .

(x0, f(x0)) : f ( x0 ) =
: y =
y=

4
3

(4 x0 + 3) 2

4
3

(4 x0 + 3) 2

( x x0 ) + 3 4 x0 + 3 ; y =

4
3

(4 x0 + 3)2

( x x0 ) + f ( x0 ) ;

4( x x0 ) + 3(4 x0 + 3)
3

(4 x0 + 3)2

15
; 6
4

,
0 = 15 4x0 + 12x0 + 9 x0 =

3
.
4

(0; y(0))
273

4 x0 + 12 x0 + 9

y (0) =

(4 x0 + 3)

8 x0 + 9
3

(4 x0 + 3)

5
3

36

. : 0;

) f ( x) = 3 3x 5 . (x0, f(x0)) f ( x0 ) =
: y =
y=

x + 2 x0 5
3

( x x0 )
3

(3x0 5)

+ 3 3x0 5 =

1
3

25

(0; y(0)).
10
5
25
. :
y (0) =
= 33
= 3
3
100
3 100
(3 x0 5) 2
2 x0 5

4.3.D07. ) y = 4 x x 2 y =

25
0; 3
.
3 100

x2
2

.
x2
2

1) x=0
x4
4

x3+4x+16=0
x3=4x16.
1 x=2.
, x=2, x=0.
0
0 x2
0
x2
S = 4 x x 2 dx = dx + 4 x x 2 dx =
2
2
2 2
2
0

= 2 + 4 ( x + 2) 2 dx = 2 + 4 t 2 dt = 2 + 4 1 u 2 du =
2

= 2 + 4 1 sin cos d = 2 + 4 cos d = 2 + 4


2

= 2 + + cos d = 2 +
0

) y = 6 x x 2 y =
6x x2 =

274

x2
3

(3x0 5) 2

5
3

(3x0 5) 2

x x0 + 3x0 5

2x0 5 x0 = .

2) 4 x x 2 =

5
.
36

25

. , ; 0 0 =
+
3
3

(3x0 5)2

4 x x 2 =

x2
3

1 + cos 2
d =
2

: 2+.

1) x=0
2) 6 x =

x3
x=3
9
3

3
3
x3
x2
S = 6 x x 2 dx = + 6 x x 2 dx =
3
0
9 0 0
3

= 3 + 9 ( x 3) 2 dx = 3 + 9 t 2 dt = 3 + 9 1 u 2 du =
3

= 3 + 9 1 sin 2 cos d = 3 + 9 cos d =

= 3 + 9

1 + cos 2
9 9 0
9
.
d = 3 +
+ cos 2d = 3 +
2
2 2
2

9
3 .
2

4.3.D08. ) f ( x) = 9 | x | 7 .

x 0, f(x) = f1(x) = 9 x 7 .
x 0, f(x) = f2(x) = 9 x 7 .
f(11) = f(11) = 18.
: (11; 18) (11; 18).
11:
y1 = f1(11)(x 11) 18; f1(x) =

9
2 x7

. ,

9
99 72
9
27
y1 = x +
= x+
.
4
4
4
4
4

11:

y2 = f2(11)(x + 11) 18; f2(x) =


, y2 =

9
2 x 7

9
27
x+
.
4
4

27

0;
.
4

22 24,75.
1
22 24, 75 = 272, 25 . : 272,25.
2
) f ( x) = 6 | x | 5 .
S=

x 0, f(x) = f1(x) = 6 x 5 .
x 0, f(x) = f2(x) = 6 x 5 .
f(21) = f(21) = 24. : (21; 24) (21; 24).
(21; 24): y1 = f1(21)(x 21) 24; f1(x) =

3
x5

. ,

3
63
3
33
.
y1 = x + 24 = x
4
4
4
4

275

(21; 24): y2 = f2(21)(x + 21) 24; f2(x) =

3
x 5

3
33
.
x
4
4

, y2 =

0;

33
.
4

42
1
2

S = 42

63
.
4

63
= 330, 75 . : 330,75.
4
3

4.3.D09. ) f ( x) = (6 x + 3) 2 8 x + 4 .
y = x. (x0,f(x0))
1

1
3

, f (x0) = 1 9(6 x0 + 3) 2 8 = 1 6x0 + 3 = 1 x0 = ;


1 23
f =
.
3 3
1
3

: y = x + +

23
= x + 8 . : y = x + 8.
3

) f ( x) = (6 x + 3) 2 + 10 x + 2 .
y = x. (x0; f(x0)) 1

, f (x0) = 1 9(6 x0 + 3) 2 + 10 = 1 6x0 + 3 = 1


1

19

x0 = ; f = .
3
3 3
1 19
= x + 6 . : y = x + 6.
3 3

: y = x +

4.3.D10.
) f ( x) = 2 x + 7 .
(x0; f(x0)) . :
y=

1
2 x0 + 7

( x x0 ) + 2 x0 + 7 ; y =

x x0 + 2 x0 + 7
2 x0 + 7

x + x0 + 7
2 x0 + 7

21
x0 = 2
7
+ x0 + 7 = 0
21

x0 = .
y = 0 . 2
7
2
2
2 x + 7 0
x
0
0
2
1
7
f =
. :
14
2

) f ( x) = 4 x + 5 .
(x0; f(x0)) .
276

1
14

:
y=

2
4 x0 + 5

( x x0 ) + 4 x0 + 5 ; y =

2 x 2 x0 + 4 x0 + 5
4 x0 + 5

2 x + 2 x0 + 5
4 x0 + 5

15

y = 0 :
4
5

x =
15
5
+ 2 x0 + 5 = 0 0 4
x0 = .

2
5
4
x
4 x + 5 0
0
0
4
2
5
f =
. :
10
4
3 + 2 3x + 7

4.3.D11. ) f ( x) =

2 3x + 7

3
2 3x + 7

2
10

+1

f(x) F(x), f(x) > 0, F(x)


(1), .. .
F(x) = 3x + 7 + x + C ; F(1) = 2 1 + C = 9 C = 8.
: F ( x) = 3x + 7 + x + 8 .
) f ( x) =

5 + 6 5x 4
2 5x 4

5
2 5x 4

+3.

f(x) F(x) f(x) > 0, F(x)


1, .. .
F ( x) = 3x + 5 x 4 + C . F(1) = 5.
3 + 1 + C = 5 C = 1 F(x) = 3x + 5 x 4 + 1 . : F ( x) = 3x + 5 x 4 + 1 .
4.3.D12.
) f ( x) = 3x + 13 4 x .
f(x) 0 x [1; 12] .. F(x) [1; 12].
f(x) 0 x [0; 1] .. F(x) [0; 1].
, F(x) 1.
F ( x) =

2
9

3x + 13 2 x 2 + C . F(1) =

: F ( x) =

2
9

128 128
=
2 + C C = 2.
9
9

3 x + 13 2 x 2 + 2 .

) f ( x) = 5 x + 6 2 x .
f(x) 0 x [2; 6], .. F(x) [2; 6];
f(x) 0 x [0; 2], .. F(x) [0; 2].
, F(x) 2.
F ( x) =

2
15

5x + 6

: F ( x) =

2
15

x 2 + C . F(2) =
5x + 6

128 128
=
4 + C C = 4.
15
15

x2 + 4 .

277

4.
.
4.4.01. ) 0.
f(x) = 12x 9tgx + 1;
3
3
9
.
= 0 cos 2 x = cos x =
4
2
cos 2 x

, x = + k , k . : + k , k .
6
6
f ( x) = 12

) 0.
6
3
3
= 0 cos 2 x = cos x =
.
2
4
cos 2 x

, x = + k , k . : + k , k .
6
6

f(x) = 8x 6tgx 1; f ( x) = 8

4.4.02. ) x0 , f(x0) = f(x0) 2sinx0 cosx0 = 2cosx0 + sinx0 sinx0 = 3cosx0 tgx0 = 3
x0 = arctg3 + k, k . : arctg3 + k, k .
) x0 c , f(x0) = f (x0)
5sinx0 cosx0 = 5cosx0 + sinx0;

4sinx0 = 6cosx0 tgx0 =

3
3
3
x0 = arctg + k , k . : arctg +k , k .
2
2
2

4.4.03. ) f(x) = 5cosx + 27x2 6x 1.


F(x) = 5sinx + 9x3 3x2 x + C.
F(0) = 0 C = 0.
: F(x) = 5sinx + 9x2 3x2 x.
) f(x) = 4cosx + 3x2 + 4x + 1.
F(x) = 4sinx + x3 + 2x2 + x + C.
F(0) = 0 C= 0.
: F(x) = 4sinx + x3 + 2x2 + x.
4.4.04. ) f(x) = 2x 5sinx + 1.
f (x) = 2 5cosx; f(0) = 1; f(0) = 3.
. (0; 1): y = 3(x 0) + 1 = 3x + 1.
: y = 3x + 1.
) f(x) = 5x 4sinx + 1. f(x) = 5 4cosx; f(0) = 1; f(0) = 1.
. (0; 1): y = 1(x 0) + 1 = x + 1.
: y = x + 1.
4.4.05. ) f(x) = 3sinx 2cosx.
F(x) = 3cosx 2sinx + C.
F(2) = 0: 3 + C = 0 C = 3; F(x) = 3cosx 2sinx + 3.
. (0; F(0));
F(0) = 3 0 + 3 = 0. : (0; 0).
) f(x) = 2sinx 3cosx. F(x) = 2cosx 3sinx + C.
F(2) = 0 2 + C = 0 C = 2; F(x) = 2cosx 3sinx + 2.
F(x) . (0; F(0));
F(0) = 2 0 + 2= 0. : (0; 0).

278

4.4.06. ) S = 4 sin xdx = 4 cos x 2 = 4 = 2 ;

2
3

3
0

) S = 2 cos xdx = 2 sin x = 1 .

.
4.4.01. ) f(x) = x2 4cos3x; F ( x) =

F(x) = F(x):
, C = 0. : F ( x) =
) f(x) = x4 + 2cos2x; F ( x) =

x3 4
sin 3x + C .
3 3

x3 4
x3 4
+ sin 3 x + C = + sin 3 x C .
3 3
3 3
x3 4
sin 3 x .
3 3

x5
+ sin 2 x + C .
5

F(x) = F(x):

x5
x5
sin 2 x + C = sin 2 x C . C = 0.
5
5

: F ( x) =

x5
+ sin 2 x .
5

4.4.02. ) f(x) = (10x2 57x + 54) sinx.


F(x) , F(x) = f(x) = 0;
f(x) = (10x2 57x + 54)sinx = 0;

x = k, k Z

sin x = 0
9
x = ;
2

2
10
57
54
0
x
x

+
=

6
x = .

: x =

9
6
, x = , x = k, k .
2
5

) f(x) = (20x2 + 4(x 9)sinx.


, F(x) = f(x) = 0;
f(x) = (20x2 + 41x 9)sinx = 0

x = k, k Z

sin

x
=
0

9
1
x = 9

; : x = , x = , x = k, k .

4
4
5
20
x
41
x
9
0
+

x = 1

4.4.03.
) f(x) = tg(2x 3).
F(x) arctg5 f(x) = F(x) = 5
: f(x) = tg(2x 3) = 5; 2x 3 = arctg5 + k;

279

x=

arctg 5 + 3 k
arctg 5 + 3 k
+
+
, k . :
, k .
2
2
2
2

) f(x) = tg(7x + 1).


F(x) arctg4 f(x) = F(x) = 4
:
f(x) = tg(7x+1) = 4; 7x + 1 = arctg4 + k x =
:

arctg 4 1 k
, k .
+
7
7

arctg 4 1 k
+
, k .
7
7

4.4.04. ) f(x) = 5xsin2x.

F(x) x0 =
1

1
1
, .. f .
4
4
5

tg = f = sin = ; = arctg + k , k . : = arctg .


2 4
4
4
4 4
) f(x) = 2xsin3x
F(x) x0 =
1

1
1
, .. f .
6
6

tg = f = sin = ; = arctg + k, k . : = arctg .


6
3 2
3
3
3

12
1
4.4.05. ) S = 2 cos 4 xdx = cos tdt = sin t

2
2
12

1
3 1
3
= 1
;
=
2
2 2 4
1

) S = 6 sin 3xdx = 2 sin tdt = 2 cos t 2 = 2 1 + = 1 .


2
2
2
3

3x
3x
1
3
cos + x + 1 = sin 3x + x + 1 . f ( x) = cos3x + 1 .
2
2
2
2
5
(0; f(0)): y = f (0)x + f(0); f (0) = ; f(0) = 1.
2
5
: y = x + 1 .
2
5x
5x
1
5
) f ( x) = sin cos + 3x 7 = sin 5 x + 3x 7 ; f ( x) = cos5 x + 3 .
2
2
2
2
11
(0; f(0)): y = f (0)x + f(0); f (0) = ; f(0) = 7.
2
11
: y = x 7 .
2
1
4.4.07. ) f(x) = 4x8 + 3x + tgx + 7. f ( x) = 32 x7 + 3 +
.
cos 2 x

4.4.06. ) f(x) = sin

(0; f(0)): y = f(0)x + f(0); f(0) = 4; f(0) = 7.


: y = 4x + 7.
280

) f(x) = 3x6 + 2x + tgx + 6. f ( x) = 18 x5 + 2 +

1
.
cos 2 x

(0; f(0)): y = f (0)x + f(0); f (0) = 3; f(0) = 6.


: y = 3x + 6.
4.4. 08. ) f ( x) = 2 x + 1 cos 2 2 x + sin 2 2 x 6 .
f ( x) =

1
2x + 1

+ 4sin2xcos2x+ 4sin2xcos2x.

. (0; f(0)): y = f (0)x + f(0), f (0) =

1
1

= 1 ; f(0) = 6.

: y = x 6.
) f ( x) = 6 x + 1 + 2cos 2 2 x 2sin 2 2 x 1 ;
f ( x) =

3
6x +1

8sin2xcos2x 8sin2xcos2x.

. (0; f(0)):
: y = 3x + 2.
y = f (0)x + f(0), f(0) = 3; f(0) = 2.
4.4.09.
) f(x) = 2sin3xcos3x 5(2x + 1)0,4 = sin6x 5(2x + 1)0,4;
f (x) = 6cos6x 4(2x + 1)0,6. . (0; f(0)): y = f (0)x +
f(0), f (0) = 2; f(0) = 5. : y = 2x 5.

) f(x) = 3sin4xcos4x 10(5x + 1)0,5 =

3
sin8x 10(5x + 1)0,5.
2

f(x) = 12cos8x 25(5x + 1)0,5.


. (0; f(0)): y = f (0)x + f(0), f (0) = 13; f(0) = 10.
: y = 13x 10.
4.4.10. ) f(x) = 3x2 + 2x + tg2x + 7. f (x) = 6x + 2 +

2
.
cos 2 2x

. (0; f(0)): y = f (0)x + f(0), f (0) = 4; f(0) = 7.


: y = 4x + 7.
) f(x) = 2x2 3x + tg5x 5. f(x) = 4x 3 +

5
.
cos 2 5x

. (0; f(0)): y = f (0)x + f(0), f (0) = 2; f(0) = 5.


: y = 2x 5.
4.4.11.
1
6

) f(x) = 1 + cos6x. F(x) = x + sin6x + C.

11

.
F = 2 . + sin 6 + C = 2 ; C =
6 6
6
6
6
1
6

: F(x) = x + sin6x +

11
.
6

) f(x) = 3 + sin2x. F(x) = 3x

1
cos2x + C.
2

281

F = 3 ;
cos + C = 3 ; C = .
2 2
2 2
2
1
9 1
cos2x .
2
2 2
x
x
5
4.4.12. ) f(x) = 5x + sin . F(x) = x 2 2cos + C .
2
2
2
5
x
F(0) = 0; 0 2 + C = 0 C = 2. : F(x) = x 2 2cos + 2 .
2
2
x
) f(x) = 2x + cos .
5
x
F(x) = x2 + 5sin + C.
5
x
F(0) = 0 + 0 + C = 0 C = 0. : F(x) = x2 + 5sin .
5

: F(x) = 3x

4.4.01. ) f(x) = 3ctg 4 x + + 5 x9 + 5 . f ( x) =


2

12
9
+ 5 x4 .

sin 2 4 x +
2

: (0; f(0)) = (0; 5).


. (0; 5):
y= f (0)x + 5; f (0) = 12. : y = 12x + 5.
3

) f(x) = ctg 3x + + 5 x8 3 . f ( x) =
2

sin 3x +
2

85 3
x .
5

: (0; f(0)) = (0; 3)


. (0; 3): y = f (0)x 3; f (0) = 3. : y = 3x 3.
4.4.02.
) f(x) = sinx 7cosx. F(x) = cosx 7sinx + C.
, F(4) = 0 cos4 7sin4 + C = 0 C = 1.
F(x) = cosx 7sinx + 1.
: cosx + 7sinx = 1;
1
50

cos x +

x arccos

x arccos

7
50
1
50
1
50

: 2arccos

sin x =

1
50

= arccos
= arccos
1
50

; cos x arccos

1
50
1

1
1
;
=
50
50

+ 2k , k Z

50

;
+ 2n, n Z

+ 2k , k , 2n, n ,

) f(x) = sinx 5cosx. F(x) = cosx 5sinx + C.


, F(4) = 0 cos(4) 5sin(4) + C = 0.
C = 1. F: cosx + 5sinx = 1;
282

cos x +

sin x =

; cos x arccos

1
1
;
=
26
26

26
26
26

x = 2arccos 26 + k , k Z ; : 2arccos 1 + k, k ; n, n .

26
x = n, n Z

4.4.03. ) f(x) = 10sin2x 5 3 sinx + 1.

= 1 .
4

3
f(x) = 10sin2x 5 3 sinx + 1 = 1; 10sin x sin x
= 0 ;
2

, F(x) = f(x) = tg

sin x = 0
x = k , k Z

.
:

k,
k

;
(1)

3 + n, n .
3
n
sin x =
x = (1) + n, n Z

3
2

) f(x) = 6sin2x 3 2 sinx 1.


3
= 1 :
4

2
f(x) = 6sin2x 3 2 sinx 1 = 1; 6sin x sin x
=0;
2

, F(x) = f(x) = tg

sin x = 0
x = k , k Z

.
:

k,
k

;
(1)

2
n
4 + n, n .
sin x =
x = (1) + n, n Z

4
2

4.4. 04. ) f(x) = 2 sinx + 5 cosx.


F(x) = 2cosx + 5sinx + C;
F(8) = 2cos8 + 5sin8 + C = C 2.
(0; 0) (8; C 2) 10. ,
C = 8

.
64 + (C 2)2 = 100
C = 4
: F(x) = 2cosx + 5sinx + 8; F(x) = 2cosx + 5sinx 4.
) f(x) = sinx cosx. F(x) = cosx sinx + C;
F(3) = cos3 sin3x + C = C + 1.
(0; 0) (3; C + 1) 5:
C = 3

.
9 + (C + 1)2 = 25
C = 5
: F(x) = cosx sinx + 3; F(x) = cosx sinx 5.
4.4.05. ) f(x) = 6tgx + 3; y = 6x 5.
(x0; f(x0)) . f (x0) =

6
= 6 .
cos 2 x0

cos x = 1

0
x0 = k, k .
cos2x0 = 1
cos x0 = 1

283

. (k; f(k)): y = f (k)(x k) + f(k); f(k) = 3


y = 6x + 6k + 3, k . : y = 6x + 6k + 3, k .
) f(x) = 4tgx + 1; y = 4x + 5. (x0; f(x0)) .
f ( x0 ) =

4
= 4.
cos 2 x0
cos x = 1

0
cos2x0 = 1
x0 = k, k .
cos
x
0 = 1

. (k; f(k)): y = f (k)(x k) + f(k); f(k) = 1


: y = 4x 4k + 1, k .
4.4.06. ) f(x) = 2cosx 11sinx. F(x) = 2sinx + 11cosx + C.
f (x) = 2sinx 11cosx.
F(x) = f (x); 2sinx + 11cosx + C = 2sinx + 11cosx.
C = 0. : F(x) = 2sinx + 11cosx.
) f(x) = 5cosx + 12sinx. F(x) = 5sinx 12cosx + C.
f (x) = 5sinx + 12cosx.
f (x) = F(x): 5sinx + 12cosx = 5sinx + 12cosx C;
C = 0. : F(x) = 5sinx 12cosx.
4.4.07. ) f(x) = 3cosx 4x; y = x 2;
f(x) = 3sinx 4.
f(x0) = 3sinx0 4 = 1, (x0; f(x0)) ;

+ 2k, k .
2

; 0 .
2

3sinx0 = 3 x0 =

. ; f : y = f x + + f ;
2
2
2
2
2
3

3


f = 1 ; f = 2 . y = x + 2 = x + . : y = x +
.
2
2
2
2
2

) f(x) = 2cosx 3x; y = x 1


f(x0) = 2sinx0 3 = 1, (x0; f(x0)) .
2sinx0 = 2 x0 =

+ 2k, k .
2

.
2

. ; f : y = f x + + f
2
2
2
2
2
3

f = 1 ; f =
. y = x + . : y = x + .
2
2 2

4.4.08. ) f(x) = 9x + sin2x.


f(x) (0; 0), ..
f(x) (f(x) = 9 + 2cos2x > 0).

284

. (x0; f(x0)):
y = (9 + 2cos2x0)(x x0) + (9x0 + sin2x0).
, y(0) = 0.
0 = 9x0 2x0cos2x0 + 9x0 + sin2x0. 2x0 = tg2x0.
x0 = 0.
y = 11x. : y = 11x.
) f(x) = 10x + sin6x.
f(x) (0; 0), ..
f(x) (f (x) = 10 + 6cos6x > 0).
. (x0; f(x0)):
y = (10 + 6cos6x0)(x x0) + (10x0 + sin6x0).
, y(0) = 0.
0 = 10x0 6x0cos6x0 + 10x0 + sin6x0
6x0 = tg6x0 x0 = 0.
y = 16x. : 16x.
cos 4 x
+C .
4
cos
1

F = 0
+C = 0 C =
4
4
4
cos 4 x 1
F ( x) =

4
4
cos 4 x
1
= ;
:
4
4
k
k
, k . : +
, k .
cos4x = 1; 4x = + 2k, k ; x = +
4 2
4 2
sin 5 x
) f(x) = cos5x. F(x) =
+C .
5

sin

2 + C = 0 cos + C = 0 C = 1 ;
F =
5
4
5
10
sin 5 x 1
sin 5 x 1

F ( x) =
. :
= sin5x = 1 5 x = + 2k ,
5
5
5
5
2
2k
2k
+
, k .
:
, k .
k x= +
10
5
10
5

4.4.09. ) f(x) = sin4x. F(x) =

4.4.10. ) f(x) = 5sinx 2sin3x.

F(x) = 5cosx +

2
cos3x + C.
3
2

, F = 0 C = 0. F(x) = 5cosx + cos3x = 0;


3
2
cos x = 0
2 8

cos x 5 + sin 2 x = 0 ; 2
x = + 2k , k
sin x = 13
3 3
2

: + 2k , k .
2

285

) f(x) = 4cosx + 3cos3x. F(x) = 4sinx + sin3x + C.


, F(0) = 0 C = 0; F(x) = 4sinx + sin3x.
: 4sinx + sin3x = 0; sinx(4 + 4cos2x 1) = 0; x = k, k .
: k, k .
4.4.11. ) f ( x) =

1 + 3sin 2 x
1
=
+3.
sin 2 x
sin 2 x

F(x) = ctgx + 3x + C.

F = : ctg + + C = ; C = + 1
4 4
4
2
4 4
: F(x) = ctgx + 3x

+ 1.
2

3 2cos 2 x
3
=
2 . F(x) = 3tgx 2x + C.
cos 2 x
cos 2 x

F = : 3tg 2 + C = ; C = 3
4
4
4
4
4
4

) f ( x) =

: F(x) = 3tgx 2x +

3.
4

4.4.12.

) y(x) = 2 sin x + .
3

y(x) = 2cos x + . x0 .
3

y(x0) = y(x0);

2sin x0 + = 2cos x0 + ; tg x0 + = 1 x0 + = + k, k ;
3
3
3
3 4

x0 = + k , k . : + k , k .
12
12

) y(x) = 6 cos x + . y(x) = 6sin x + .


6
6

x0 .
y(x0) = y(x0);

6cos x + = 6sin x + ; tg x + = 1 x + = + k, k ;
6
6
6
6
4

5
5
x = + k , k . : + k , k .
12
12

D.
4.4.D01.
) f(x) = sin12x 3; y = 12x 1. f(x) = 12cosx.
f(x0) = 12, (x0; f(x0)) .
12cosx0 = 12 cosx0 = 1 x0 = 2k, k
(x0; f(x0)): y = 12(x 2k) + f(2k), f(2k) = 3;

286

y = 12x 24k 3. (0; 24k 3)


1
1
1
3

2k + ; 0 . S = 2k + ( 24k + 3) = ;
4
2
4
8

3 3
24(k)2 2k + = ; 2k(12k 1) = 0, k k = 0.
8 8

y = 12x 3.
: y = 12x 3.
) f(x) = sin11x + 1; y = 11x + 7. f (x) = 11cosx.
f (x0) = 11, (x0; f(x0)) .
11cosx0 = 11 cosx0 = 1 x0 = 2k, k .
: y = 11(x 2k) + f(2k), f(2k) = 1;
y = 11x 22k + 1. (0; 22k + 1)
1
1
1
1

;
2k ; 0 . : S = 2k ( 22k 1) =
11
2
11
22

222k2 2k = 0; 2k(11k 1) = 0, k k = 0.
y = 11x + 1.
: y = 11x + 1.
4.4.D02. ) f(x) = sin6xcos4x
1
2

f(x) = (sin2x + sin10x); F(x) =

1
1
cos2x +
cos10x + C
4
20

F(x) x = k, k Z.
4=

1 1
7
1
1
7
+ + C , C = 3 . F ( x) = cos 2 x + cos10 x + 3 .
4 20
10
4
20
10

) f(x) = sinxcos3x.
1
2

1
8

f(x) = (sin4x + sin10x); F(x) = cos4x +

1
cos10x + C.
20

F(x) x = k, k Z.
2=

1 1
33
1
1
33
+ + C , C = 1 . F ( x) = cos 4 x + cos10 x + 1 .
8 20
40
8
20
40

4.4.D03.
) f(x) = 5x sin3x.
f (x) = 5 3cos3x 8
cos3x0 = 1 3x0 = + 2k, k ;

2k
+
, k , (x0; f(x0)) .
3
3
2k

: y = 8 x
+ f ( x0 ) ; f(x0) = 5x0 sin3x0;
3
3

x0 =

8 16k 5 10k
2k 5 10k
f +
+
+
. y = 8 x
= 8x 2k.
+
=
3
3
3
3
3
3
3
3

. (0; 2k),
k

+ ; 0 .
8 4

287

1 k
492 2
492
(1 + 2k )(1 + 2k ) =
.
;
+ ( + 2k ) =
2 8 4
16
16
16

k = 3

1 + 2k = 7
.
k = 4
: y = 8x 7 y = 8x + 7.
: y = 8x 7 8x + 7.
) f(x) = 6x sin2x. f (x) = 6 2cos2x. ,
f (x). cos2x0 = 1 x0 =

+ k, k ,
2

(x0; f(x0)) .

: y = 8 x k + 6 + k ; y = 8x 2k.
. (0; + 2k),
k

+ ; 0 .
8 4

S = + ( + 2k ) .
2 8 4
S =

2
k = 2
252 2
1 k 25
(1 + 2k ) + =
;
; (1 + 2k)2 = 25
;
2
16
16
8 4
k = 3

: y = 8x 5 y = 8x + 5.
: y = 8x 5 y = 8x + 5.
4.4.D04.
) f(x) = 5tg2x.
f ( x) =

10
.
cos 2 (2x)

f(x), (x0; f(x0)) .


cos2(2x0) = 1 2x0 = k, k ;
k
x0 = , k
2
k
: y = 10 x k + f k ; f = 5tgk = 0;
2
2


2
y = 10x 5k.
(0; 5k),
1
k

k
.
; 0 . S = 5 k

2
2

5k 2
= 5 k = 2.
4
: y = 10x + 10. y = 10x 10
: y = 10x + 10; y = 10x 10.

S = 5

288

) f(x) = 4tg3x; f ( x ) =

12
.
cos 2 ( 3 x )

f (x), (x0; f(x0)) .


cos2(3x0) = 1 3x0 = k, k x0 =

k
, k .
3

:
k

k
k
y = 12 x + f ; f = 4tgk = 0;
3
3

3
y = 12x 4k, k .
(0; 4k),
k
1
4k 2 .
k

; 0 . S = 4 k
=

2
3
6
3
4k 2
S = 6
= 6 k = 3.
6
: y = 12x 12 y = 12x + 12
: y = 12x 12 y = 12x + 12.
4.4.D05.

) f(x) = 9tg x .
f (x) =

11
9

x
11 cos 2
11

. f (x0) , (x0; f(x0))

.
x
x
= k , k .
cos 2 = 1
11
11
: y = 9 (x 11k) + f(11k);
11

f(11k) = 0 y = 9 x 9k.
11

. (0; 9k),
. (11k; 0).
: l = 202 k . :
L = 9k + 11k + 202 k = k ( 20 + 202 ) .
L = k ( 20 + 202 ) = 4 ( 20 + 202 ) . , k = 4.
:
9
9
y=
x 36 . : y =
x 36 .
11
11
) f(x) = 11tg

x
; f(x) =
9

11
.
x
9 cos 2
9

289

f (x0) , (x0; f(x0)) .


x
x
cos 2 0 = 1 0 = k , k x0 = 9k, k
9
9
11
: y = (x 9k) + f(9k);
9
11
f(9k) = 0 y = x 11k.
9

. (0; 11k) (9k; 0).


l = 202k .
:
L = 9k + 11k + 202k = k (20 + 202) .
L = k (20 + 202) = 3(20 + 202) .
, k = 3. : y =

11
x 33 .
9

4.4.D06.
) f1(x) = 8sinx; f2(x) = 4tgx

f1(x0) = f2(x0), 8sinx0

4sin x0
=0
cos x0

x 0 = k , k Z
sin x0 = 0

4sin x0 2
0
=

x0 = + 2n, n Z
cos x0 = 1
cos x0

3
2

.. x0 (0; ), x0 =
3

F(x) f1(x): F(x) = 8cosx + C.



F(x): y = f1(x0)(x x0) + F(x0); f1(x0) = 4 3 ;
4 3
+C 4 .
3
C
1

; 0 .
+
.
3 3 4 3

1
C

+
= 3+ ;

3
4
3
4 3

F(x0) = 4 + C. y = 4 3x

C=

3
8
3

y = 4 3x +

3
4 3
8
4 .
3
3

: y = 4 3x 3 12 .
) f1(x) = 10sinx; f2(x) = 5tgx
f1(x0) = f2(x0)
10sinx0 = 5tgx0
290

x 0 = k , k Z
sin x0 = 0

5sin x0 2 +
.
=0
2
1
cos x0
x0 =
+ 2n, n Z
cos x0 =

3
2

2
.. x0 (0; ), x0 =
3

F(x) f1(x): F(x) = 10cosx + C.


F(x) . (x0; F(x0)):
y = f1(x0)(x x0) + F(x0); f1(x0) = 5 3 ; F(x0) = 5 + C
y = 5 3x

10 3
+5+ .
3
2

; 0 .
.
3 5 3
3

2 1
C
1
C
5 3

= 3+ ;
3=
C=
20 ;
3
6
2
2
3 5 3
3
5 3

y = 5 3x

10 3
5 3
+5+
20 .
3
2

5 3
15 .
6
5 3
15 .
: y = 5 3x +
6
y = 5 3x +

4.4.D07.

) f(x) = sin 5 x + , g ( x) = cos 5 x + .


2
2

f(x0) = g(x0);

5cos 5 x0 + = 5sin 5 x0 + ; tg 5 x0 + = 1 ;
2
2
2

k
3
5 x0 + =
+
+ k , k ; x0 =
.
20 5
2 4

.
0;
4
20
2

: f(x):
4

y = f x + f ;
4
4
4

f =
; f
4
2

5x
5
y=

2 4 2

1
;
=
2
4
1
2

g(x)
291

y = g x + g ;
4
4

4
5
1

g =
; g =
;
2
2
4
4
5x
5
1
y=

+
;
2 4 2
2
9
: f(x)

20
9
5
1
9
9
9
9
y = f x + f ; f =
; f =
20
20
20
20
20
2
2




5x
9
1
y=
+
+
;
2 4 2
2
9
5
9
9
9
g(x): y = g x + g ; g =
;
20
2
20
20
20
1
5x
9
1
9
g =
; y=
+

.
2
2 4 2
2
20

) f(x) = sin 3x , g ( x) = cos 3x .


7
7

f(x0) = g(x0).

3cos 3 x0 = 3sin 3x0 ; tg 3x0 = 1 ; 3 x0 =


+ k , k ;
7
7
7
7
4

3 x0 =

3
k


+ + k ; x0 = + +
, k . .. x0 0; , x0 = + .
4 21 3
4 21
4 7
2

f(x): y = f ( x0 ) x

3
;
+ f ( x0 ) ; f ( x0 ) =
21
2

1
25
f ( x0 ) = sin 3
=
;
84
7
2

3
3
3
1
3
25
1
x+
+
+
x+
+
=
;
y =
2
4 2 21 2
2
2
28 2
2

g(x):

3
1

y = g ( x0 ) x + g ( x0 ) ; g ( x0 ) =
; g ( x0 ) =
.
4 21
2
2

3
3
1
x+

.
y =
2
4 2
2
3
25
1
3
3
1
x+
+
x+
: y =
; y=

.
2
28 2
2
2
4 2
2

4.4.D08.
) f(x) = 4 + 3cos4x; f(x) = 12sin4x.

292

3
3
3
: y = f x + + f .
2
2

2
3
3
f = 0 ; f = 4 + 3 = 7; y = 7 .
2
2

: 4 + 3 cos4x = 7; cos4x = 1 4x = 2k, k ;


x=

k
, k ;
2
k

; 4 .
2

k
f = 0 2

.
k

: ; 4 , .
2

) f(x) = 3 + 2cos8x; f(x) = 16sin8x


: y = f x + + f . f = 0 ; f = 5
2
2
2
2
2
y = 5 .
: 3 + 2cos8x = 5; cos8x = 1
8x = 2k, k , x =

k
k

. ; 5 .
4
4

k
f = 0 .
4
k

: ; 5 , k Z; .
4

4.4.D09.

) f(x) = 4 + 5sin
f(x) =

3x
.
2

15
3x
cos .
2
2
5

: y = f x + f .
3
3
3
5
5
f = 0 ; f = 9. y = 9 .
3
3
3x
3x
3x
: 4 + 5sin = 9, sin
=1
= + 2k ,
2
2
2 2
4k
4k

x= +
; 9 , k
, k . +
3
3
3
3

293

k
f +
= 0 ,
3 2

4k

; 9 , k ; .
. : +
3
3

) f(x) = 7 + 2sin2x.
f(x) =4cos2x.
5

: y = f x + f .
4
4
4
5
5
f = 0 ; f = 9; y = 9 .
4
4

: 7 + 2sin2x = 9; sin2x = 1;

+ 2k , k ;
2

x = + k , k ; : + k ; 9 , k ;
4
4

2x =

f + k = 0 ,
4

: + k ; 9 , k ; .
4

4.4.D10.
) f(x) = 3cosx 55 sin x .
F(x) = 3sinx + 55 cosx + C =
3

= 8 sin x +
8

55
3

cos x + C = 8sin x + arccos + C .

8
8

, 8 + C, 8 + C.
1. 8 + C = 1 = 7 F(x) = 3sinx + 55 cos x + C = 3sinx 55 cosx 7.
2. 8 + C = 1 C = 9 F(x) = 3sinx +

55 cos x + C = 3sinx 55 cosx + 9.

: F(x) = 3sinx 55 cosx 7; F(x) =3sinx 55 cosx + 9.


) f(x) = 3cosx 91sin x .
F(x) = 3sinx + 91 cosx + C =

3
91

3
sin x +
cos x + C = 10sin x + arccos + C .

10
10

10

= 10

, 10 + C, 10 + C.
1. 10 + C = 1 = 9 F(x) = 3sinx + 91 cos x 9.
2. 10 + C = 1 C = 11 F(x) = 3sinx +
: F(x) = 3sinx +
294

91 cos x + 11.

91 cos x 9; F(x) = 3sinx +

91 cos x + 11.

4.4.D11. ) f(x) = sin 15xsin30x.


1
1
cos15x cos45x;
2
2
1
1
F(x) = sin15 x sin 45 x + C .
30
90

f(x) =

, f(7) = 0 C = 0.
: 3sin15x = sin 45x. 3sin45x = 3(3sin15x 4 sin315x) sin15x = 0;
15x = k. k ; x =

k
k
, k . : x =
, k .
15
15

) f(x) = cos14xcos28x.
1
1
cos14x + cos42x;
2
2
1
1
F(x) = sin14 x sin 42 x + C .
28
84

f(x) =

, F(6) = 0 C = 0.
:

1
1
sin14x
sin 42x = 0.
28
84

3sin14x = 3sin14x 4 sin314x sin14x = 0;


14x = k. k ; x =

k
k
, k ; : x =
, k .
14
14

4.4.D12. ) f(x) = cos6xcos18x.


1
1
cos12x + cos24x.
2
2
1
1
sin12x +
sin24x + C.
F(x) =
24
48
, F 5 = 0 C = 0.
6

f(x) =

1
1
sin12 x + sin 24 x = 0 ; 2sin12x + 2sin12xcos12x = 0;
24
48
sin12 x = 0
;
2sin12x(cos12x + 1) = 0;
cos12 x = 1

, . .
sin12x = 0 12x = k, k ; x =

k
k
, k . : x =
, k .
12
12

) f(x) = sin2xsin6x.
1
1
cos4x cos8x.
2
2
sin 4 x sin 8 x
7
F(x) =

+ C . , F = 0 C = 0.
8
16
2
sin 4 x sin 8 x
+
= 0 ; 2sin4x 2sin4xcos4x = 0;
:
8
16

f(x) =

295

sin 4 x = 0
2sin4x(1 cos4x) = 0;
;
cos 4 x = 1

. sin4x = 0; 4x = k, k ; x =
:

k
, k .
4

k
, k .
4

5.
.
4.5.01. ) f(x) = 2ex4 x 10 x . M(4; y0).
10

y = f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0); f(x0) = 2e x0 4 1

2 x0
3
f(x0) = 2 4 20 = 22 y = ( x 4) 22
2
3
tg = k, k: y = kx + 6 tg = .
2

= 2 e0 1

10
5
3
=1 = ;
4
2
2

tg ?

3
2

: tg = .
) f(x) = 3ex9 4x + 15 x . M(9; y0).
f(x0) = tg (); f(x0) = 3e x 9 4 +

15
2 x

15
9
9
9
= tg = . : tg = .
6
2
2
2
4
2 3x+4
4.5.02. ) y(x). y(x) = 2x e ; x = . y(x) = 4x e3x+4 + 6x2e3x+4;
3
16 6 16 16
16
4
y = +
. :
.
=
3
9
3
3
3

f(9) = 3 4 +

3
5

) y(x) = 4x2e5x+3; x = .
3

24

20 9

12

12

. :
.
y(x) = 8x e5x+3 + 20x2e5x+3; y = +
=
5
25
5
5
5
x2
4.5.03. ) f(x) = 3x + 1 2e , . M (2; y0).
y = f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0); f(x) = 3 2ex2; f(x0) = 3 2 = 1;
296

f(x0) = 6 + 1 2 = 5 y = x 2 + 5 = x + 3. : y = x + 3.
) f(x) = 5x 1 + 2ex+2; . M (2; y0).
y = f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0); f(x) = 5 + 2ex+2; f(x0) = 5 + 2 = 7; f(x0) = 10 1 + 2 =
9 y = 7(x + 2) 9 = 7x + 5.
: y = 7x + 5.
4.5.04. ) f(x) || y
f(x) = 5x 8ex; y = 3x 16. . M (x0; y0) .
y = f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0), y || y
f(x0) = 3. f(x0) = 5 8e x0 = 3 x0 = 0.
: x0 = 0.
) f(x) = 3x + 7ex; y = 10x + 14; f(x) || y.
y = 10x + 14; f(x0) = 10; f(x0) = 3 + 7e x0 = 10 x0 = 0.
: x0 = 0.
4.5.05. ) f(x) = 7ex + 3 Oy . (0; 4).
(7ex + 3)dx = 7ex + 3x + C = y;
. M(0; 4) y 7 + C = 4 C = 3 y = 7ex + 3x 3.
: y = 7ex + 3x 3.
) f(x) = 2ex 3, Oy . (0; 3).
(2xx 3)dx = 2ex 3x + C = y; 2 + C = 3 C = 5 y = 2ex 3x 5.
: e = 2ex 3x 5.
ln 2

4.5.06. ) S = e x dx = e x
ln 3

ln 3

) S = e x dx = e x
ln 2

ln 3
ln 2

= 3

ln 2
ln 3

= 2

1 5
= ;
3 3

1 5
= .
2 2

.
4.5.01. ) f(x) = 3e

x +1
3

+ 2e 4 x + 4 + 3 , . M (1; y0).
x0 +1

y = f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0); f(x0) = e 3 + 8e4 x0 + 4 = 1 + 8 = 9 ;


f(x0) = 3 + 2 + 3 = 8 y: 9(x + 1) + 8 = 9x + 17.
: = 9x + 17.
) f ( x) = 2e

x +1
2

3e 2 x + 2 + 9 , . M(1; y0).
1
2

y = f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0); f(x0) = 2 e

x0 +1
2

3 2e 2 x0 + 2 = 1 6 = 5;

f(x0) = 2 3 + 9 = 8; y = 5(x + 1) + 8 = 5x + 3.
: y = 5x + 3.
4.5.02. ) f(x) = e5x(3x 14)4
. M(5; y0).
y= f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0); f(x0) = 1;
f(x0) = e5 x0 (3x0 14)4 + 12e5x(3x 14)3 = 1 + 12 = 11;
y = 11(x 5) + 1 = 11x 54. : y = 11x 54.
) f(x) = e2x(4x 7)4, . M(2; y0).
f(x0) = e2x(4x 7)4 + 16e2x(4x 7)3 = 1 + 16 = 15;
f(x0) = 1 y = 15(x 2) + 1 = 15x 29. : y = 15x 29.
297

4.5.03. ) f(x) = 11xln29 29xln11. f(x) Oy f(x) || Ox;


Ox: y = 0 f(x0) = 0;
f(x0) = 11x0 ln11 ln29 29 x0 ln11ln29 11x0 29 x0 = 0 x0 = 0.
: 0.
) f(x) = 19xln28 28xln19. f(x) || Ox f(x0) = 0;
f(x0) = ( 19 x0 28 x0 )ln19 ln28 = 0 x0 = 0. : 0.
4.5.04. ) f(x) = 14x 1, || y, y = xln14 20
. M(x0; y0)
y = f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0) . = y; f(x0) = 14x0ln14;

f(x0) = ln14x0 1 14 x0 =1f(x0)=ln14 14 x0 ln14 = ln14 x0 = 0 y0 = 0.


: y0 = 0.
) f(x) = 21x + 11, y = xln21 11, . M(x0, y0) ?
y || yf(x0)=ln21; f(x0)= 21x0 ln21 = ln21 x0 = 0 y0 = 12.
: y0 = 12.
4.5.05. ) f ( x) =

5 2e 2 x
, F(x) = f(x) y = 10 + 7cosx.
ex

2e x dx = 5ex 2ex + C = y, .. Oy x = 0
x
e

y = 10 + 7 cos0 = 17 5 2 + C = 17 C = 24 5ex 2ex + 24


: F(x) = 5ex 2ex + 24.
) f(x) =

9 + 8e 2 x
, y = 14 + 11cosx.
ex

(9ex + 8ex)dx = 9ex + 8ex + C = y


x = 0 y = 25;
(1) : 9 + 8 + = 25 = 26y =
= 9x + 8ex + 26. : y = 9x + 8ex + 26.
4.5.06.
) y ( x) =

(1)

3 36 x + 4 6 x +1 30 x ln 6
3 ln 36 36 x + 4 ln 6 6 x +1 30 ln 6
. y( x) =
=0;
6 ln 6
6 ln 6

6ln6 62x + 24ln6 6x 30ln6 = 0; 62x + 4 6x 5 = 0; 6x = t, t > 0; t2 + 4t 5= 0;


t = 1
x
t = 5 t = 1; 6 = 1 x = 0. : x = 0.

) y ( x) =

2 16 x + 4 x +1 80 x ln 4
2 ln16 16 x + ln 4 4 x +1 80 ln 4
. y( x) =
=0;
4 ln 4
4 ln 4

4ln4 42x + 4ln4 4x 80ln4 =0; 42x + 4x 20 = 0;


4x = 4
4x = 4 x = 1. : x = 1.
x
4 = 5

4.5.07. f(x) = 14e15x + 5, F(x) f(x) = . M(0;y0).

(14e

15 x

298

+ 5 dx =

14 15 x
e + 5x + C ;
15

f (x) = 210e15x;
14
3136
14
3136
+ = 210 =
y = e15 x + 5 x +
.
15
15
15
15
14
3136
.
: y = e15 x + 5 x +
15
15

x = 0 y = 210

) f(x) = 6e7x + 13; F(x) f (x) = . M(0;y0).

(6x7x + 13)dx =
f (x) = 42e7x;

6 7x
e + 13x = C;
7

6
288
6
288
+ C = 42 C =
y = e7x + 13x +
.
7
7
7
7
6
288
.
: y = e7x + 13x +
7
7

x = 0 y = 42

4.5.08.
ln 5

) S = 2e3 x dx =
ln 2

2 3ln 5 t
2 t
e dt = e
3 3ln 2
3

3 ln 5

=
3 ln 2

2 3 3
( 5 2 ) = 23 (125 8) =
3

2
= 117 = 78 ;
3
ln 7

) S = 3e2 x dx =
ln 3

3 2 ln 7 t
3 2 2
3
e dt = ( 7 3 ) = 40 = 60 .
2 2 ln 3
2
2

4.5.09.
) f(x) = 6x 36xln6 + 5. y x = 19; x0 ?
f (x0) = 0 y || Oy;
f (x0) = ln6 6 x0 36ln6 = 0;
6 x0 = 36 x0 = 2. : x0 = 2.
) f(x) = 18x 18xln18 + 29; x = 7; x0 ?
y || Oy f (x0) = 0;
f (x0) = ln18 18x0 18ln18 = 0 x0 = 1. : x0 = 1.
4.5.10.

) f ( x) =

26 x
28x 2; y || y = 2; x0 ?
ln 26

, f(x0) = 0; f(x0) = 26 x0 28 = 0; x0 = log26 28.


: x0 = log2628.
) f ( x) =

19 x
25x + 7; y || y = 7; x0 ?
ln19

f (x0) = 0; f(x0) = 19 x0 25; x0 = log19 25.


: x0 = log1925.
4.5.11.
) f(x) = cos3x + ex; . (0; 0) F(x); F(x) ?
x
(cos3x + e )dx =

sin 3 x x
+e +C = y ;
3

299

1 + C = 0 C = 1; y =

sin 3 x x
+ e 1 .
3

1
3

: y = sin3x + ex 1.
) f(x) = sin4x + ex; . (0; 0) F(x); F(x) ?
cos 4 x x
+e +C ;
4
1
3
cos 4 x x 3
1 +C=0C= ; y =
+e .
4
4
4
4
1
3
x
: y = cos4x + e .
4
4
x
(sin 4 x + e )dx =

4.5.12.
) f ( x) = 3x + x + 4 + 1 ; . M(0; y0).

y = f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0); f(x0) = 4; f ( x0 ) = 3x ln 3x0 +


1

1
2 x0 + 4

y = + ln 3 x + 4 .
4

1
4

: y = + ln 3 x + 4 .
) f ( x) = e x + 2 x + 1 + 1 ; . M(1; y0).
f(x0) = e + 2 2 + 1; f(x0) = e x0 +

1
x0 + 1

= e+

1
2

1
3
1
3

. : y = e +
.
x +1+
x +1+
2
2
2
2

y = e +

.
4.5.01.
) f(x)=2xln2+6x5
F(x)=2x+3x25x+C
F'(x)=f(x)=0=2xln2+6x5<0 [5; 0]
F(x) [5; 0] xmax=5 xmin=0.

F(5)F(0)=251+325+25=99+25= 99
: 99

1
.
32

1
.
32

) f(x)=5xln 5+4x6, F(x)=5x+2x26x+C


F'(x)=f(x)<0 x [2; 0].
F(x) [2; 0]
xmax=2 xmin=0.
F(2)F(0)=

1
1
1 + 8 + 12 = 19 +
= 19, 04
25
25

: 19,04.
300

= ln 3 +

1
;
4

301

) f(x) =

2 ln 5
6x 24;
5x

[1; 2].

2 ln 2 5
6 < 0 x; f(1) = 10ln5 18 max;
5x
2
2
248
ln5 36 min; max min = 10ln5 18
ln5 + 36 =
ln5 + 18.
f(2) =
25
25
25
248
:
ln 5 + 18 .
25

f(x) =

4.5.02.
) f ( x) =

9 82 x +1 145 72 x 8 92 x +1
.

+
2 ln 8
ln 72
2 ln 9

y Oy y || Ox f(x0) = 0;
f ( x0 ) =

9 82 x +1 ln 8 2 145 72 x ln 72 8 92 x +1 2 ln 9
+
=

2 ln 8
ln 72
2 ln 9

= 9 82x+1 145 72x + 8 92x+1 = 0;


72 82x 145 8x 9x + 72 92x = 0;
2x

8
8
8 9 8 8
72 145 + 72 = 0 ; = ; = x = 1; x = 1.
9
9
9 8 9 9

: x = 1; x = 1.
) f ( x) =

4 92 x +1 97 36 x 9 42 x +1
.

+
2 ln 9
ln 36
2ln 4

f (x0) = 0; f(x0) = 4 92x+1 97 36x + 9 42x+1 = 0;


36 92x 97 9x 4x + 36 42x = 0;
9 x 9
=
4
4
9
9
x = 1; x = 1.
36 97 + 36 = 0 ;
x
4
4
9
4

=
4
9
2x

: x = 1; x = 1.
4.5.03.
) f(x) = 3e8x 3e7x + 2,
. M(x0; 2).
3e8 x0 3e7 x0 + 2 = 2 ; 3e8 x0 3e7 x0 = 0 x0 = 0;
y = f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0);
f(x0) = 2; f(x0) = 24e8 x0 21e7 x0 = 24 21 = 3 ;
y = 3x + 2. : y = 3x + 2.
) f(x) = 4e6x 4e5x 3,
. M(x0; 3).
4e6 x0 4e5 x0 3 = 3 x0 = 0;
y = f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0); f(x0) = 24e6 x0 20e5 x0 = 4 ; y = 4x 3.
: y = 4x 3.
4.5.04. ) f(x) = (x2 8x + 16)ex + 2; y || Ox.
y || Ox f(x0) = 0;
302

f (x0) = (2x 8)ex + ex(x2 8x + 16) = 0;


x2 8x + 16 + 2x 8 = 0;
x0 = 2
; f(2) = 4e2 + 2; y = 4e2 + 2; f(4) = 2; y = 2.

x0 = 4

: y = 4e2 + 2; y = 2.
) f(x) = (x2 9x + 21)ex + 1, || Ox.
f (x) = 0; ex(x2 9x + 21 + 2x 9) = 0;
x = 4
4
3
x = 3 f(4) = e + 1 = y1; f(3) = 3e + 1 = y2

: y = e4 + 1; y = 3e3 + 1.
4.5.05.
) f(x) = ex 2 sinx 4x + 3; F(x) f(x) = . (0; y0).
f (x) = ex 2cosx 4; x = 0 f(x) = 1 2 4 = 5;
x
2
x
(e 2sin x 4 x + 3)dx = e + 2cosx 2x + 3x + C = y;
1 + 2 + C = 5 C = 8; y = ex + 2cosx 2x2 + 3x 8.
: y = ex + 2cosx 2x2 + 3x 8.
) f(x) = 2ex + 3sinx + 6x 1; F(x) f(x) = (0; y0).
f (x) = 2ex + 3cosx + 6; x = 0 y = 2 + 3 + 6 = 11;
x
2
x
(2e + 3sin x + 6 x 1)dx = 2e 3cosx + 3x x + C;
2 3 + C = 11 C = 12 y = 2ex 3cosx + 3x2 x + 12.
: y = 2ex 3cosx + 3x2 x + 12.
4.5.06.
) f(x) = 16x2x 35ex;
F(x) Ox = . A . B; A(0; 0); B(x1, 0); x1 ?
2x
x
2x
x
(1)
(16e 35e )dx = 8e 35e + C = y;
. (0; 0) (1) 8 35 + C = 0 C = 27;
y = 8e2x 35ex + 27;
. (x1; 0) (2) 8e2x 35ex + 27 = 0;

(2)

x = 0
27
27

x1 = ln . : ln
.
x = ln 27
8
8

) f(x) = 2e2x 29ex;


(0; 0); (x0; 0) F(x); x0 ?
2x
x
2x
x
(2e 29e )dx = e 29e + C = 0;
(0; 0): 1 29 + C = 0 C = 28 y = e2x 29ex + 28;
x = 0

x0 = ln28.
(x0; 0): e2 x0 29e x0 + 28 = 0 ;
x = ln 28
: ln28.
4.5.07.
) f(x) = 4x 4 2x 14xln2; y || y1; y1 = xln4; x0 ?
.. y || y1 f(x0) = ln4;
303

f (x0) = 4xln4 4ln2 2x 14ln2 = ln4 = 2ln2;


2 22x ln2 4ln2 2x 16ln2 = 0;
22x 2 2x 8 = 0; 2x = 4; x0 = 2. : x = 2.
) f(x) = 9x 14 3x 34xln3; y || y1; y1 = xln9; x0 ?
f (x0) = ln9;
f(x0) = ln9 9x 14ln3 3x 34ln3 = 2ln3;
2 33x 14 3x 36 = 0; 32x 7 3x 18 = 0;
3x = 9; x0 = 2. : x0 = 2.
4.5.08. ) f(x) = (5x + 2)e2x; g(x) = (17x 4)e2x;
1
2
y
( f ) || y ( g ) ; x0f = x0g;
y1 y2.
: f(x0) = g(x0);
f ( x0 ) = 5e2 x0 + 2e2 x0 (5x0 + 2)

5e 2 x + 10e 2 x x0 + 4e2 x 17e2 x 34e 2 x x0 + 8e 2 x = 0;


0

g( x0 ) = 17e2 x0 + 2e2 x0 (17 x0 4)

24e 2 x0 0=0; x0 = 0;

y = f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0);


f(x0) = g(x0) = 9; f(x0) = 2; g(x0) = 4; y1 = 9x + 2; y2 = 9x 4.
: y (f) = 9x + 2; y (g) = 9x 4.
) f(x) = (4x + 5)e3x;
g(x) = (22x 1)e3x; y (f) || y (g);
f(x0) = g(x0); y (f) y (g).
f(x0) = 3e3 x (4 x0 + 5) + 4 e3 x ;
0

g(x0) = 3e (22 x0 1) + 22e3 x ; 12 x0e3 x + 15e3 x +


3 x0

+4e

3 x0

22e

3 x0

+ 3e

3 x0

66 xe

3 x0

= 0;

54x0 e3x = 0 x = 0; f(x0) = g(x0) = 19; f(x0) = 5; g(x0) = 1;


y (f) = 19x + 5; y (g) = 19x 1. : y (f) = 19x + 5; y (g) = 19x 1.
4.5.09. ) f(x)=12x4xln4, x [0; 5].
F(x)=xx24x+C F'(x)=f(x)<0 [0; 5]
F(x) . xmax=0
F(xmax)=1+C=5 C=6.
: F(x)=xx24x+6;
) f(x)=14x3xln3 x [3; 0].
F(x)=x2x23x+C F'(x)=f(x) , .
1
1
+ C = 21
+C .
27
27
1
1
F(0)=1+C. xmin=3 21 + C = 3 C = 18
27
27
1
: x 2 x 2 3x + 18 .
27

F(3) F(0): F (3) = 3 18

4.5.10. ) f ( x) =
304

11 36 x 6 x +1
+
; y || y = 17x + 5.
2 ln 6
ln 6

f (x0) = 17;
f ( x0 ) =

11 2 ln 6 36 x 6 ln 6 6 x
+
= 17;
2 ln 6
ln 6

11 62x + 6 62x 17 = 0;
6x = 1 x0 = 0;
y = f (x0)(x x0) + f(x0);

11
12
23
23
+
=
; y = 17x +
.
2 ln 6 2 ln 6 2 ln 6
2 ln 6
23
: y = 17x +
.
2 ln 6
17 4 x 2 x +1
) f ( x) =
+
; y || y = 19x + 1.
2ln 2 ln 2
17 2 ln 2 22 x 2 2 x ln 2
f (x0) = 19; f ( x0 ) =
+
= 19 ;
2 ln 2
ln 2
f ( x0 ) =

17 22x + 2 2x 19 = 0; 2x = 1 x0 = 0;

17
4
21
21
+
=
; y = 19x +
.
2 ln 2 2ln 2 2 ln 2
2 ln 2
21
: y = 19x +
.
2 ln 2
f ( x0 ) =

4.5.11.
) x(t) = 3t + e9t + 38; V > 2; t ?
x(t) .
x(t) = 3 e9t > 2 e9t < 1 9 t < 0 t > 9.
: t = 9.
) x(t) = 5t + e7t + 41; V > 4; t ?
x(t) = 5 e7t > 4; e7t < 1 7 t < 0 t > 7.
: t = 7.
4.5.12.
) x(t) = t e4t + 41; V < 2; t ?
x(t) x(t) = 1 + e4t < 2 e4t < 1;
4 t < 0 t > 4. : t = 4.
) x(t) = 2t e1t + 38; V < 3; t ?
x(t) = 2 + e1t < 3 e1t < 1 1 t < 0 t > 1.
: t = 1.
D.
4.5.D01.
) f(x) = 16xln16 2 4x ln4; F(x) Oy = (0; 9); F(x) Ox = (x0; 0) ?
x
x
x
x
(16 ln16 2 4 ln 4)dx = 16 2 4 + C = y;
. (0; 9) 1 2 + C = 9 C = 8;
y = 16x 2 4x 8 = 0; 4x = 4 x = 1 . (1; 0).
: (1; 0).
) f(x) = 25xln25 5xln5; (0; 20).
F ( x) = (25x ln 25 5 x ln 5)dx = 25x 5x + C = y;
305

. (0; 20) y 1 1 + C = 20 C = 20;


y = 25x 5x 20;
. (x0; 0) y 25x 5x 20 = 0;
5x = 5 x = 1 (1; 0).
: (1; 0).
4.5.D02.
) f(x) = 4ex+4 3; (4; 1).
y = f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0);
f(x0) = 4e x0 + 4 = 4;
f(x0) = 1
y = 4(x + 4) + 1 = 4x + 17;
. O (0; 0) y = 4x + 17.
ABC
1
1
AC BC = AB CM ;
2
2
17
;
AC =
4
289
BC = 17 S =
;
8
S=

B(0; 17)
M?

17
A ; 0
4

C(0; 0)

17 17
17
;
AB = + (17)2 =
4
4

CM =

4
AC BC 289
=

= 17 ;
4 17 17
AB

CM = 17 .

: 17 .
) f(x) = 5ex+4 3; (4; 2).
f(x0) = 5ex+4 = 5; f(x0) = 2
y = 5(x + 4) + 2 = 5x + 22;
306

B(0; 22)
M

22
A
; 0
5

C(0; 0)

) CM =

AC BC
22
22 26
; AC =
; BC = 22; AB =
;
AB
5
5

22
5
22
22
=
;
5
22 26
26
22

CM =
:

26

4.5.D03.
) f(x) g(x) = (x0; y0) ;
f(x) = 7 18x+2;
g(x) = 6 21x+2. 7 18x+2 = 6 21x+2;
18

21

x+2

6 18
x0 + 2 = 1; x0 = 1;
=
7 21

y = f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0);


f (x0) = 7 ln18 18x+2 = 126ln18;
f(x0) = 126 y1 = 126ln18x + 126ln18 + 126;
g(x0) = 6ln21 21x+2 = 126ln21;
g(x0) = 126 y2 = 126ln21x + 126ln21 + 126;
S =

1
AH BC
2

C
B

. B (0; 126ln18 + 126); . C (0; 126ln21 + 126); BC = 126ln21 126ln18;


307

A(1; y0) AH = 1 S = 63(ln21 ln18).


: S = 63(ln21 ln18).
) f(x) = 8 21x1; g(x) = 7 24x1.
8 21x1 = 7 24x1 x = 2;
y = f (x0)(x x0) + f(x0);
f (x0) = 8 ln21 21x1 = 168ln21;
g(x0) = 7 ln24 24x1 = 168ln24;
f(x0) = 168; g(x0) = 168;

B
C

y1 = 168ln21x 336ln21 + 168; y2 = 168ln24x 336 ln24 + 168;


S ABC =

1
BC AH ; . A (2; y0) AH = 2;
2

. B (0; 168 336ln21);


. C (0; 168 336ln24); BC = 336ln24 336ln21 SABC = 336(ln24 ln21).
: S = 336(ln24 ln21).
4.5.D04. ) f(x) =

1
25x + 85x,
2

y y =

x
.
9 ln 5

, :
k1 =

1
f(x0) = 9ln5;
k2

f (x0) =

1
ln2525x + 8ln55x = 9ln5;
2

ln552x + 8ln55x 9ln5 = 0; 52x + 85x 9 = 0; 5x = 1;


1
17
17
+8=
y. = 9ln5x + .
2
2
2
17
: y = 9xln5 + .
2
7
x
x
.
) f(x) = 49 37x, y =
4 ln 7
2

x0 = 0 f(x0) =

. ) f(x0) = 4ln7;
f (x0) =
308

7
2ln749x 3ln77x = 4ln7; 772x 37x 4 = 0;
2

7x = 1 x0 = 0 f(x0) =

7
1
1
3=
y. = 4ln7x + .
2
2
2

1
.
2

: y = 4xln7 +

4.5 D05.
) f(x) = 75xln5 + 48xln8 + 3;
min F(x) = 6 [0;4]. max.
F(x) = (75xln5 + 48xln8 + 3)dx = 75x + 48x + 3x + C = y;
f(x)>0 x F(x) [0;4]
min F(x) . 0 7 + 4 + C = 6 C = 17;
max . 4;
y = 75x + 48x + 3x 17;
F(4) = 4375 + 16384 + 12 17 = 20754.
: 20754.
) f(x) = 52xln2 + 77xln7 + 5; [0;2]. min F(x) = 7. max.
f(x)>0 x min F(x) .0, max . 2.
F(x) = (52xln2 + 77xln7 + 5)dx = 52x + 77x + 5x + C;
F(0) = 5 + 7 + = 7 = 19; y(x) = 52x + 77x + 5x 19;
f(2) = 20 + 343 + 10 19 = 354.
: 354.
4.5.D06. ) f(x) = 7

ln 6
; [2;1] max F(x) = 7, min F(x) ?
6x

F(x) = (7 ln66x)dx = 7x + 6x + C;
F(x) = 7

ln 6
0;
6x

76x ln6 < 0, x f(x)<0 x F(x)


max . x = 2, min . x = 1
F(2) = 14 + 36 + C = 7 C = 57 y = 7x + 6x 57;
F(1) = 7 + 6 57 = 44 min F(x) = 44. : 44.
) f(x) = 5

ln 3
3x

; [3;2] max F(x) = 6, min F(x) ?


x

F(x) = (5 ln33 )dx = 5x + 3x + C;


. ): max . (3), min . (2)
y = 5x + 3x + C
F(3) = 15 + 27 + C = 6 C = 48 y = 5x + 3x 48,
F(2) = 10 + 9 48 = 29 min F(x) = 29.
: 29.
2
4.5.D07. ) f(x) = 2e x + 4 x ; . (0;2); . (4;2), SABC ?
y. = f(x0)(xx
0) + f(x0);
2
f (x) = 2e x + 4 x (2x + 4); f(0) = 24 = 8; f(4) = 42 = 8;
y1 = 8x + 2,
y2 = 8x 30
1

15

C ;0 , B ;0 , A ( 2; 14 )
4
4
309

7
7
4

4
1
1
7
SABC = h BC = 14 =
2
2
2

49
.
2

AB ;14 ; AC ;14 ; BC =

7
, h = 14
2

y1 = 8x + 2

C
A
y2 = 8x 26

: S =

49
.
2
2

) f(x) = 4e x + 3 x ; . (0;4); (3;4), SABC ?


2
f(x) = 4e x + 3 x (2x + 3);
f(0) = 12; f(3) = 12; f(3) = 4;
y1 = 12x + 4,
y2 = 12x 32;

y1 = 12x + 4

C
A
y2 = 12x 32

1
3

3
1
1
7 49
S ABC = h AC = 14 =
.
2
2
3 3
49
: S =
.
3

C ;0 , B ; 14 , A ;0 ; AC =

310

7
; h = 14.
3

4.5.D08. ) f(x) = 3(x + 8)2ex+10.


y. OY y. || OX
f(x0) = 0
f(x) = 6(x + 8)ex+10 + ex+103(x + 8)2 = 0;
6x + 48 + 3x2 + 48x + 192 = 0; 3x2 + 54x + 240 = 0; x2 + 18x + 80 = 0;
x = 10,
x = 8.

y. = f(x0)(xx0); y1 = f(10) = 12; y2 = f(8) = 0


y1 y2 12.
: 12.
) f(x) = 8(x + 3)2ex+5.
f (x0) = 0
f (x) = 16(x + 3)ex+5 + ex+58(x + 3)2 = 0;
16x + 48 + 8x2 + 48x + 72 = 0; 82 + 64x + 120 = 0; x2 + 8x + 15 = 0;
x = 3,
x = 5.

y1 = f(3) = 0, y2 = f(5) = 32
32. : 32.
4.5.D09. ) f(x) = 16x 4x+1 f(x) OX OY.
. 1 ( OX): y = 0 16x 4x+1 = 0;
x = 1 . 1 (1;0);
.2: x = 0 y = 1 4 = 3 . 2 (0;3).
y. = f (x0)(xx0) + f(x0);
f (x) = ln1616x ln44x+1; f(1) = 16ln16 16ln4 = 16ln4;
f (0) = ln16 4ln4 = 2ln4;
y.1 = 16ln4x 16ln4,
y.2 = 2ln4x 3.
. y1 y2: 16ln 4x l6ln4 + 2ln4x + 3 = 0;
18ln4x = 16ln4 3;
16 ln 4 3
.
18ln 4
16 ln 4 3
:
.
18ln 4

x=

) f(x) = 9x 3x+2; f(x) OX OY.


. 1 ( OX): 9x 3x+2 = 0;
x = 2 . 1 (2;0),
.2: x = 0, y = 1 9 = 8 . 2 (0;8).
y. = f (x0)(xx0) + f(x0);
f (x) = ln99x ln33x+2; f(2) = 81ln9 81ln3 = 81ln3;
f (0) = ln9 9ln3 = 7ln3;
y.1 = 81(ln3)x 162ln3,
y.2 = 7ln3x 8.
. y1 y2: 81(ln 3)x + 7(ln3)x =162ln3 8;
311

x=

162 ln 3 8 81ln 3 4
81ln 3 4
=
. :
.
88ln 3
44 ln 3
44 ln 3

4.5.D10. ) f(x) = 78x3, g(x) = 87x3.


78x3 = 87x3; x0 = 4 ; y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0);
f (x0) = 7ln88x3 = 56ln8, g(x0) = 8ln77x3 = 56ln7;
f(x0) = 56, g(x0) = 56;
y.1 = 56(ln8)x 224ln8 + 56, y.2 = 56(ln7)x 224ln7 + 56;

SABC =

1

2

B
C
A

.B (0;56 224ln8); .C (0;56 224ln7); BC = 224ln8 224ln7;


.A (4;56) AH = 4; SABC = 2224(ln8 ln7) = 448(ln8 ln7).
: 448(ln8 ln7).
) f(x) = 89x2, g(x) = 98x2.
89x2 = 98x2, x0 = 3 ; y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0);
f (x0) = 8ln99x2 = 72ln9, g(x0) = 9ln88 = 72ln8;
f(x0) = 72, g(x0) = 72;
y.1 = 72ln9x 216ln9 + 72, y.2 = 72ln8 216ln8 + 72;
SABC =

1
; .B (0;72 216ln9); .C (0;72 216ln8);
2

BC = 216ln9 216ln8; .A (3;y0) AH = 3;

B
C
A

SABC = 324(ln9 ln8).


: 324(ln9 ln8).
312

4.5.D11. ) f(x) = 5x 12e 9

+ 7 2 , M (3;10) F(x).

y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0);
F(x0) = f(3) = 5(3) 12e 9

+ 72

= 15 12 = 27;

.. . MF(x) F(3) = 10 y. = 27(x +3) + 10 = 27x 71.


: y = 27x 71.
2
) f(x) = 4x 15e 10 x + 75 , M (5;11) F(x).
y. (F(x))= F(x0)(xx0) + F(x0), x0 = 5;
F(x0) = f(x0) = 20 15 = 35,
F(x0) = 11
y. = 35(x +5) + 11 = 35x 164. : y = 35x 164.
4.5.D12. ) f(x) = e3x+4.
y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0); f(x0) = 3e 3x0 + 4 , f(x0) = e 3x0 + 4 ;

y. = 3e

3 x0 + 4

x 3x0 e

.. .O(0; 0) y. e
1

3 x0 + 4

3 x0 + 4

+e

3 x0 + 4

;
1
3

(1 3x0) = 0 x0 = ; f(x0) = e5.

: ; e5 .
3

) f(x) = e4x+7.
y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0); f(x0) = 4e 4 x0 + 7 , f(x0) = e 4 x0 + 7 ;

y. = 4e

4 x0 + 7

x 4x0 e

.. .O (0;0)y. e
1

4 x0 + 7

4 x0 + 7

+e

4 x0 + 7

(1 4x0) = 0 x0 =

1
; f(x0) = e8.
4

: ; e8 .
4

6.
.
4.6. 01. ) f(x) = x + 5 + 3ln(x + 2); y. || OX, x0 ?
3
= 0 x0 = 1.
x+2

: f(x0) = 0, f(x0) = 1 +
: x0 = 1.
) f(x) = x + 4 5ln(x + 5); y. || OY, x0 ?
: f(x0) = 0, f(x0) = 1

5
= 0 x0 = 0. : x0 = 0
x+5

4.6. A02. ) f(x) = log5(5x + 3). F(1) F(7).


F(x):
F(x) = f(x) = 0,

log5(5x + 3) = 0; 5x + 3 = 1; x =

3
5

2
3
,x> .
5
5

2
5

313

F(x) ; + F(7) < F(1).


5

: F(7) < F(1).


) f(x) = log9(4x 1). F (3) F(9).
F(x):
f(x) = log9(4x 1) = 0; 4x 1 = 1;
x=

1
1
. 4x 1 0; x > ;
2
4

1
4

1
2
1

F(x) ; + F(3) >F(9).


2

: F(3) > F(9).


4.6. 03. ) f(x) = ln(x 3) + 2, x0 = 4.
y. = f (x0)(xx0) + f(x0); f (x0) =

1
= 1 , f(x0) = 2 y. = x 2.
x3

: y = x 2.
) f(x) = ln(x + 6) 3, x0 = 5.
y. = f (x0)(xx0) + f(x0); f (x0) =

1
= 1 , f(x0) = 3 y. = x + 2.
x+6

: y = x + 2.
4.6. A04. ) f(x) = 1 x 3ln(x 1), x0 = 2.
y. = f (x0)(xx0) + f(x0);
f(x0) = 1

3
= 4 , f(x0) = 1 2 = 1 y. = 4x + 7. : y = 4x + 7.
x0 1

) f(x) = 1 x + 4ln(x + 3), x0 = 2.


y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0);
f(x0) = 1 +

4
= 3 , f(x0) = 1 + 2 = 1 y. = 3x + 7. : y = 3x + 7.
x0 + 3
5x2 4
4
+ ln x + 3 . y(x) = 5x +
2
5
5

=0;
4

5 x +
5

2
13 4 2
2
2 5 4 4
25x2 + 20x + 4 = 0 x = y = + ln 3 = + ln .
5
5 5 5
5
5 2 25 5
13 4 2
: + ln .
5 5 5
3x 2 4
4
) y(x) =
+ ln x + 2 .
2
3
3
4
y(x) = 3x +
=0;
3x + 4

4.6. 05. ) y(x) =

314

9x2 + 12x + 4 = 0, (3x + 2)2 = 0, x =


2

2
;
3

y = + ln .
3
3 3
3
4
3

4
3

2
3

: + ln .
4.6. A06. ) y(x) = x2 + 6 x + 6 + 4ln(x 2), x0 = 3.

y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0); f(x0) = 2x0 +

3
x0 + 6

4
= 6 + 1 + 4 = 11;
x0 2

f(x0) = 9 + 18 = 27 y. = 11x 6.
: = 11x 6.
) y(x) = 3x2 + 2 x 1 ln(x 1), x0 = 2.
y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0); f(x0) = 6x0 +

1
x0 1

1
= 12 + 1 1 = 12,;
x0 1

f(x0) = 12 + 2 = 10 y. = 12x + 14.


: y = 12x + 14.
.
4.6. 01.
) f(x) = (x 5)log4(33 4x), F(4) F(3) .
F(x) =f(x) < 0 [3;4] F(x) [3;4] F(3) > F(4)
F(4) F(3) < 0.
: F(4) F(3) < 0;
) f(x) = (x 3)log2(13 3x), F(2) F(5) .
f(x) = 0: x = 3, x = 4
f(x) < 0 x < 3, F(x) [5;2] F(5) > F(2) ;
F(2) F(5) < 0. : F(2) F(5) < 0.
2
, tg-?
5
4 x0 1
tg = f(x0) f(x0) = 4ln(5x0 + 3) +
5 = 13 tg = 13.
5 x0 + 3

4.6. 02. ) f(x) = (4x 1)ln(5x + 3), x0 =

: tg = 13.
4
, tg-?
3
5x 3
tg = f(x0) f(x0) = 5ln(3x + 5) +
3 = 29 tg = 29.
5 + 3x

) f(x) = (5x 3)ln(3x + 5), x0 =

: tg = 29.
4.6. 03. ) f(x) = 4x + 3 ln2log2(3x + 1), = arctg3, x0-?
tg = f(x0) = 3; f(x0) = 4

3
2
2
= 3 x = . : x = .
3x + 1
3
3

) f(x) = 3x 2 ln4log4(3x + 2), = arctg2, x0-?


tg = f(x0) = 2
315

f(x0) = 3

3
1
1
= 2 x = . : x = .
3 x0 + 2
3
3

4.6.04. ) f(x) = ln

( x 4)e3 x
; x = 5.
x +1

f(x) = ln(x 4) + lne3x ln(x + 1) = ln(x 4) + 3x ln(x + 1),


1
1
;
+ 3
x4
x +1
1 23
23
f(5) = 1 + 3 =
. :
.
6 6
6

f(x) =

) f(x) = ln

( x 1)e4 x
; x = 3.
x+4

f(x) = ln(x 1) + 4x ln(x + 4); f(x) =

1
1
61
61
; f (3) = . :
.
+4
14
14
x 1
x+4

4.6.B05. ) f(x) = x 3 + 5ln(3x 4), y.|| y = 14x 20.


, y. y f(x0) = 14,

f(x0) = 1 +
5

15
5
= 14 x0 = ;
3 x0 4
3

14

f = 3 = y.= 14x 28.


3
3
3
: y = 14x 28.
) f(x) = x 1 5ln(2x + 3), y.|| y = 11x 22.
f (x0) = 11, f(x0) = 1

10
= 11 x0 = 1;
2 x0 + 3

f(x0) = 1 1 = 0 y.= 11x 11.


: y = 11x 11.
4.6.B06. ) y(x) = 8x2 + ln(4x + 9) 3.
y(x) = 16x +

16
4
; y( x) = 16
=0;
4x + 9
(4 x + 9) 2

2
(4 x + 9) = 1
4x + 9 = 1 x = 2.

4 x + 9 > 0

x = 2 .
, x = 2 y(x).
y(2) = 29. : 29.
) y(x) = 2x2 + ln(2x + 9) 2
y(x) = 4x +
4

2
4
; y( x) = 4
; y(x) = 0;
2x + 9
(2 x + 9)2

(2 x + 9) 2 = 1
4
=0
2x + 9 = 1 x = 4.
2
(2 x + 9)
2 x + 9 > 0

x = 4 .
, x = 4 y(x).
y(4) = 30. : 30.
316

4.6.07. ) y(x)=ln((3x2)(4x)=ln(3x2+14x8);

y(x)=

1
1
1
1
(6 + 14); y(2)=
(6 2 + 14) = 2 = .
14 3 2 8
14 2 3 4 8
8
4

: 0,25
) y(x)=ln((3x4)(103x))=ln(42x9x240);
1
(18 + 42);
42 9 2 40
1
1
10
10
y(3)=
(18 3 + 42) =
30 = . :
42 3 9 27 40
117
39
39

y(x)=

4.6. B08. ) f(x) = (4x + 3)ln(x 4). F(4;4) F(4;9).


f(x) = F(x) = 0
+

+
x

3 4
5
4
F(x) (4; 5) F(4, 4) > F(4, 9). : F(4; 4) > F(4, 9).
) f(x) = (5x + 3)ln(x 1). F(1, 1) F(1, 3).
F(x) = f(x)
f(x) = 0

+
x
2

x > 1. F(x) (1, 2] F(1;1) > F(1;3). : F(1, 1) > F(1,3).


4.6. 09. ) f(x) = 8 3 3 4 + 3x 4ln( x), x0 = 1.
y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0); f(x) = 3 ( 4 + 3x )

2
3

4
;
x

f(x0) = 3 + 4 = 1; f(x0) = 8 3 = 11;


y. = x 10. : y = x 10;
) f(x) = 5 + 5 6 + 5x ln( x), x0 = 1.
f(x0) = ( 6 + 5 x0 )

4
5

1
= 1 + 1 = 2; f(x0) = 5 + 1 = 6;
x0

y. = 2x + 8. : y = 2x + 8.
4.6. B10. ) f(x) = 7x + ln(3x 2), x0 = 1.
y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0); f(x0) = 7 +

3
= 7 + 3 = 10 ;
3x 2

f(x0) = 7 y. = 10x 3.
: y = 10x 3.
) f(x) = 3x + ln(4x + 5), x0 = 1.
y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0); f(x0) = 3 +

4
= 3+ 4 = 7 ;
4 x0 + 5

f(x0) = 3 y. = 7x + 4.
: y = 7x + 4.
317

4.6. B11. ) f(x) = x3ln(3 x), x0 = 2.


x03
= 8 ; f(x0) = 0;
3 x0

y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0); f(x0) = 3x02ln(3 x0)

y. = 8(x 2) = 8x + 16. : y = 8x + 16.


) f(x) = x2ln(5 x), x0 = 4;
y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0); f(x0) = 2x0ln(5 x0)

x02
= 16 ; f(x0) = f(4) = 0;
5 x0

y. = 16(x 4) = 16x + 64.


: y = 16x + 64.
4.6. B12. ) y(x) =

2 x
21
29
, F(y(x)), F F .
log 4 ( 5 x 2 )
50
50

F(x):
F(x) = y(x) = 0;
y(x) =

2 x
=0;
log 4 (5 x 2)

x = 2.

f(x)

F(x)
3
2
2
5
5
2 30
21
29
; F(x) F >F .
5 50
50
50

21
29
>F .
50
50

: F
) f(x) =

1 x
3
7
, F F .
log 4 ( 7 x 5 )
4
9

F(x): F(x) = f(x);

f(x) =

1 x
=0;
log 4 (7 x 5)

f(x)
x

F(x)
1
6
5
7
7
3
7
3
7
5 6
3
7
< ; , F(x) ,
<
F >F .
7
7
4
9
4
9
4


9
3
7
: F >F .
4
9
.
4.6. 01. ) F(1) F(2), : F(x) = f(x) = (5x2 29x + 20)log6(7 x).
F(x):

318

f(x) = (5x2 29x + 20)log6(7 x) = 0; x = 5, x = 0.8, x = 6;


f(x)

0,8

x
7

7 x > 0, x < 7.
F(x) [0.8;5] F(1) > F(2).
: F(1) > F(2).
) f(x) = (2x2 11x 21)log3(10 x), F(2) F(4).
(2x2 11x 21)log3(10 x) = 0;
x = 9, x = 7, x = 1,5;

1,5

F(x)

f(x)

x
10

F(x)

10 x > 0, x < 10.


F(x) [1.5;7] F(2) > F(4).
: F(2) > F(4).
4.6.C02. ) f(x) = ln3log6x9(5x 9), x0 = 2, y. = kx + b, k-?
k = f(x0);
f(x) = ln3

ln(5 x 9)
;
ln(6 x 9)

5
6

ln(6 x 9) 5 x 9 ln(5 x 9) 6 x 9
f (x) = ln3
;
ln 2 (6 x 9)

f (2) = ln3 5ln 3

=5.
ln 3 ln 3

: 5.
) f(x) = ln5log7x16(6x 17), x0 = 3, k-?
k = f(x0);
f(x) = ln5

6
7

ln(7 x 16) 6 x 17 ln(6 x 17) 7 x 16


ln(6 x 17)
; f(x) = ln5
;
ln(7 x 16)
ln 2 (7 x 16)

6 ln 5
= 6 . : 6.
2
ln 5

f(3) = ln5

4.6.03. ) f(x) = ex 3, x0 = 3; g(x) = 4ln(x + 6), x0 = 5.


f (x0) = e x 3 = 1;
0

f(x0) = 1 y. = x 2; g(x0) =

4
= 4 ; g(x0) = 0 y. = 4x 20;
x+6

y = y, x 2 = 4x 20 x = 3,6. : x = 3,6.
319

) f(x) = ex 2, x0 = 2; g(x) = 11ln(x 9), x0 = 10.


f (x0) = e x 2 = 1;
0

f(x0) = 1 y. = x 1; g(x0) =

11
= 11 ; g(x0) = 0 y. = 11x 110;
x9

x 1 = 11x 110 x = 10,9.


: x =

109
.
10

4.6.C04. ) y(x) = (x 7)ln(x 3).


F(x) = y(x). max F(x).
x = 7,

y(x) = (x 7)ln(x 3) = 0;
x = 4

. max: x0 = 4

y(x) = ln(x 3) +

x7
3
; y(4) =
= 3.
x3
1

: 3.
) y(x) = (x + 3)ln(x + 5).
F(x) = y(x).
x = 3,

y(x) = (x + 3)ln(x + 5) = 0;
x = 4
. max: x0 = 4

y(x) = ln(x + 5) +

x+3
y(4) = 1.
x+5

: 1.
4.6.05. ) f(x) = 5 + 4x + 4ln2log2(6 x).
y. OY y. || OX
f(x0) = 0,
f (x0) = 4

4ln 2
4
= 4
=0;
(6 x) ln 2
6 x

x0 = 5.
y = 25

M(x; 25)

O(0; 0)

320

y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0);
f(x0) = 5 + 20 = 25 y. = 25;
MO = 25 2 ; MO = x 2 + 625 = 25 2 ;
x = 25,
. (25;25), . (25;25).
x = 25

x2 = 625

: (25; 25); (25; 25).


) f(x) = 5 + 6x + 6ln3log3(5 x).
f (x0) = 0, f(x0) = 6

6
= 0 ; x0 = 4.
5 x0

f(x0) = 5 + 24 = 29 y. = 29,
M(x; 29)

y = 29

O(0; 0)

MO = 29 2 = x 2 + 292 ;
x2 = 292
x = 29,
x = 29 . (29;29), . (29;29).

: (29; 29); (29; 29).


4.6.06. ) f(x) = 4x2 4x + 5 + ln10lg(2x + 3), x0 = 1.
y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0);
f (x0) = 8x 4 +

2
= 8 4 + 2 = 10; f(x0) = 4 + 4 + 5 = 13;
2x + 3

y. = 10x + 3;
3
;0 . : (0; 3);
10

. OX OY: . (0;3), .

; 0 .
10

) f(x) = 16x2 4x 3 + ln10lg(4x 3), x0 = 1.


f (x0) = 32x0 4 +

4
= 32 4 + 4 = 32; f(x0) = 16 4 3 = 9;
4x 3

y. = 32x 23;
23
23
;0 . : (0; 23); ;0 .
32
32

. OX OY: . (0;23), .
4.6.07. ) f(x) =

3x 2
; f(3) + f(5) = F(1).
4x

F(x) = f(x); f(3) + f(5) = F(1);

321

7
1
1
; f(5) = 2 =
;
12
50
2x
1 7 181
.
F(1) = + =
50 12 300
3
1
3
181
11
3 1
;C= ;
dx = x ln | x | +C ; F(1) = + C =
4
2
4
300
75
4 2x

f(3) =

3
4

ln | x | 11
.

2
75
3
ln | x | 11
: F(x) = x

.
4
2
75
5x 2
) f(x) =
; f(2) + f(3) = F(1), F(x)-?
6x
1
1
2
f(2) = ; f(3) = 2 =
;
27
3
3x
2 1 19
f(2) + f(3) = +
= F(1).
=
3 27 27
5
ln | x |
5
19
5 1
+ C ; F(1) = + C =
F(x) = x dx = x
;
6
3
6
27
6 3
7
5
ln | x | 7
5
ln | x | 7
C = ; F(x) = x

. : F(x) = x

.
54
6
3
54
6
3
54

F(x) = x

4.6.C08. ) f(x) = 9 x + ln(2x + 5), x0 = 2.


y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0);

f (x0) = 1 +

2
= 1 + 2 = 1;
2x + 5

f(x0) = 9 + 2 = 11;
y. = x + 13 = kx + b;
= 90; tg = k = 1;
B
x + 13

= 45 = 45. : 90; 45; 45.


) f(x) = 4 5x + 3ln(2x + 3), x0 = 1.
f (x0) = 1 +

6
= 5 + 6 = 1; f(x0) = 4 + 5 = 9;
2x + 3

y. = x + 10; tg
322

x + 10

y = x + 10; tg = 1;
= 45 = 45.
: 90; 45; 45.
4.6.C09. ) f(x) = 3 + ln(4x +21), (x0;3).
3 + ln(4x +21) = 3;
ln(4x + 21) = 0;
x0 = 5;
f (x0) =

4
= 4;
4 x + 21

y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0); y. = 4x + 23.


: y = 4x + 23.
) f(x) = 3 5ln(3x +4), (x0;3).
3 5ln(3x +4) = 3; ln(3x + 4) = 0; x0 = 1.;
f(x0) =

15
= 15;
3x0 + 4

y. = 15(x + 1) + 3 = 15x 12. : y = 15x 12.


4.6.C10. ) f(x) = ln(3x + 10) ln(7x + 22); y. OX = . ; . (x0;0).
ln

3x + 10
= 0;
7 x + 22

x0 = 3;
f (x0) =

3
7
=3 7 = 4;

3x + 10 7 x + 22

f(x0) = 0 y. = 4(x + 3) = 4x 12. : y = 4x 12.


) f(x) = ln(8x + 9) ln(2x + 3); . (x0;0).
f(x) = ln

8x + 9
= 0;
2x + 3

x = 1; f(x0) =

8
2

=8 2 = 6;
8 x0 + 9 2 x0 + 3

y. = 6(x + 1) +0 = 6x + 6. : y = 6x + 6.
7
2

4.6.C11. ) f(x) = 1 + ln(2 x 5) 2 , x0 = 2.

y. = f (x0)(xx0) + f(x0); f(x) = 1 + 7ln(|2x 5|); f(x0) = 1; f (x0) =

14
= 14;
2x 5

323

29

y. = 14x + 29, . OX OY: . (0;29), . ;0 .


14
29

: (0; 29); ;0 .
14
9
2

) f(x) = 7 + ln(3x + 5)2 , x0 = 2.


f (x0) =

27
= 27; f(x0) = 7;
3x + 5

y. = 27x 47;
47

47

. OX OY: . (0;47); . ;0 . : (0; 47); ;0 .


27
27
4.6.12.
) f(x) = 5

1
ln(4 x + 5) 2 , x0 = 1.
2

y. = f (x0)(xx0) + f(x0); f(x0) =

4
= 4 ; f(x0) = 5;
4x + 5

y. = 4x + 1;
1

. (0;1), . ;0 . OX OY.
4
: (0; 1); ;0 .
4
) f(x) = 3
f (x0) =

1
ln(2 x 1) 2 , x0 = 1.
2

2
= 2 ; f(x0) = 3;
2x 1

y. = 2x + 5;
5

. (0;5), . ;0 . OX OY. : (0; 5); ;0 .


2
2
D.
4.6.D01.

) f(x) = ln

5 x 12
, x0 = 3.
4 x 15

y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0);
f(x) = ln(5x 12) ln(4x 15);
5
4
1

=
; f(x0) = 0;
5 x 12 4 x 15
27
x 1
y. = ;
27 9
1

A (3;0), C 0; ;
9

f (x0) =

324

B
S
C
1
9

AB = 3; BC = .
1
2

1
2

1
9

SABC = AB BC = 3 =
) f(x) = ln

1
1
. : S = .
6
6

5x + 6
, x0 = 3.
2 x + 15

5
2
5 2 1

= = ;
5 x + 6 2 x + 15 21 21 7
3
1
x 3

f(x0) = 0 y. = ( x 3) = ; A 0; , C (3;0)
7
7
7 7

3
BC = 3; AB = .
7

f(x0) = [ln(5x + 6) ln(2x + 15)] =

A
1
1
3 9
9
SABC = AB BC = 3 =
. : S = .
14
2
2
7 14

4.6.D02. ) f(x) = ln81log3(3x 2) 1, g(x) = ln

1
log5 (5 4 x) + 2
125

x1
x2
k1 = k2, . . f(x) = g(x);
325

f(x) =

ln 81 3
12
3 (4) ln 5
12
=
; g(x) =
=
;
(3x 2) ln 3 3x 2
(5 4 x) ln 5 5 4 x

3x0 2 = 5 4x0 x0 = 1;
y.1 = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0) = 12x 13;
y.2 = g(x0)(xx0) + g(x0) = 12x 10;
(1) 12x y 13 = 0,
(2) 12x y 10 = 0,
P(y1;y2) =

| 13 + 10 |
122 + 12

. :

145

145

) f(x) = ln64log4(4x 7) 4, g(x) = ln

1
log 2 (7 3x) 3 .
16

f(x) = g(x), (1)


f(x) =

3ln 4 4
12
4 ln 2 (3)
12
=
; g(x) =
=
;
(4 x 7) ln 4 4 x 7
(7 3x) ln 2 7 3x

(1) 4x 7 = 7 3x x = 2;
y.1 = 12x 28: 12x y 28 = 0;
y.2 = 12x 27: 12x y 27 = 0;
P(y1;y2) =

| 28 + 27 |
2

12 + 1

1
145

. :

145

4.6.D03.

) F(x) = f(x) = (3x2 11x 42) log 3 (8 x) ,


5

F (4) F (5)

F (4) F (5)

.
F(x):
F(x) = f(x) = (3x2 11x 42) log 3 (8 x) = 0 ,
5

7
x = 7, x = 6, x = .
3
+

7
3

+
7

F(x)
8

, F(5) > F(4); F(4) < F(5)


F(4) F(5) < 0; F(4) F(5) < 0;
F (4) F (5)
F (4) F (5)
> 0 . :
>0.
F (4) F (5)
F (4) F (5)
F (2) F (5)
)
.
F (2) F (5)

F(x) = f(x) = (5x2 26x 24) log 2 (11 x) = 0 ,


7

( . )
x = 10, x = 6, x = 0.8.
326

0,8

10

f(x)

+
11

F(x)

, F(2) < F(5) F(5) > F(2)

F (2) F (5)
>0.
F (2) F (5)
F (2) F (5)
>0.
F (2) F (5)

4.6.D04.
) f(x) = 4ln(3x + 4) 1, g(x) = 3ln(4x + 5) 4.
y.f || y.g f(x1) = g(x2);
x1 = x2 = x0;

f(x0) =

12
12
; g(x0) =
;
3x0 + 4
4 x0 + 5

3x0 + 4 = 4x0 + 5 x0 = 1;
y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0);
f(x0) = 1; g(x0) = 4;
y. = 12x + 11;
y. = 12x + 8.
: y = 2x + 11; y = 12x + 8.
) f(x) = 3ln(2x + 3) 5, g(x) = 2ln(3x + 4) + 2.
f (x0) = g(x0);
6
,
2x + 3
6
g(x0) =
;
3x + 4

f (x0) =

2x0 + 3 = 3x0 + 4 x0 = 1;
f(x0) = 5,
g(x0) = 2;
y. = 6x + 1;
y. = 6x + 8.
: y = 6x + 1; y = 6x + 8.
4.6.D05.
) f(x) = 16x2 + 8x + ln10lg(4x + 3) 3, x0 =

1
2

y. = f(x0)(xx0) + f(x0)
f (x0) = 32x0 + 8 +

4
= 4
4 x0 + 3

f(x0) = 4 4 3 = 3
y. = 4x 5
, . (0;0), y = kx + b:
p=

|b|
1+ k

5
1 + 16

5
17

. ) f(x) = 25x2 + 5x + ln10lg(5x + 3) + 3.

327

2
5

x0 = ; y = f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0); f(x0) = 50x0 + 5 +

5
= 10;
5 x0 + 3

f(x0) = 4 2 + 3 = 5; y = 10x + 1, .. (0; 0);

(y; 0) =
1

101

|1|
1 + 100

1
101

4.6.D06.
) f(x) = 2ln5log5(5x + 1) 5ln2log2(2x + 1) + 4.
y = f (x0)(x x0) + f(x0); y || OX;
f (x0) =; 0

f (x0) =

10
10
= 0; x0 = 0;

5x + 1 2 x + 1

f(x0) = 4 y = 4;
M(t0; 4); O(0; 0);
t = 3

(M; 0) = t 2 + 16 = 5; 0
;
t0 = 3
: (3; 4); (3; 4).
) f(x) = 5ln6 log6(6x + 1) 6ln5 log5(5x + 1) + 6.
y || OX f(x0) = 0. y = f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0).

f (x0) =

30
30
= 0 x0 = 0. f(0) = 6 y = 6.

6x + 1 5x + 1

. M(t0; 6) . O(0; 0). (M; 0) = t 2 + 36 = 10;


t = 8


.
t = 8
: (8; 6); (8; 6).
4.6.D07.
) f(x) = ln4 log 5 x + 49 (25 7x).
x +1

x0 = 3; y = f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0) = kx + b;


k : f(x0);
f (x ) =

ln 4 ln(25 7 x)
ln 4 ln(25 7 x)
=
;
ln(5 x + 49) ln( x + 1)
5 x + 49
ln

x +1

f (x) = ln 4

328

7
5 x + 49
5 x + 49
ln(25 7 x) ln
ln

25 7 x
x +1
x +1

5 x + 49
ln

x +1


7
5 x + 49
1
5
ln(25 7 x)

ln

25 7 x
x +1
5 x + 49 x + 1 ;
= ln 4
2
5 x + 49
ln

x +1

7
44
7
44
2 ln 4 + ln 4
ln16 + ln 4
4
64
4
64

f (3) = ln 4
= ln 4
=
(ln16)2
4 ln 2 4
7
11
45
=
+
= .
2 4 64
64
45
: .
64
) f(x) = ln2 log 3 x + 20 (18 5x). x0 = 4; f(x0);
x+6

ln 2 ln(18 5 x )
f (x ) =
; f(x0) = ln2
ln(3x + 20) ln( x + 6)

5
1
3
(ln(3x + 20) ln( x + 6)) ln(18 5 x)

18

5
x
3
x
+
20
x
+
6

2 3 x + 20
ln

x+6

1
1
5

ln 2 ln 4 ln 2 ln 2 ln 2 5 +
2
8
8 1 1 39

f(4) =
= 5 =
;
4 8 32
ln 4 ln 4
2 ln 2 ln 2

39
.
32

4.6.D08.
) f(x) = 5x2 2x 4 + ln(6x + 7).
y = f(x0)(x x0) + f(x0). y || y = 6x + 16 f(x0) = 6

6 + f(x0) = 10x0 2 +

6
6
+ 6 = 0; 30x02 + 47x0 + 17 = 0, x ;
6 x0 + 7
7

.. x0 x0 = 1; f(x0) = 5 + 2 4 = 3;
y = 6x 3 = kx + b;
. O(0; 0) :

p=

161
1+ k

3
37

p=

3
1 + 36

3
37

) f(x) = 3x2 x + 3 + ln(4x 3), y = 9x + 24.

f(x) = 6x 1 +

4
;
4x 3

(x0; f(x0)) ,
329

f(x0) = 6x0 1 +

24 x02

4
= 9;
4 x0 3

18 x0 4 x0 + 3 36 x0 + 27 + 4
=0;
4 x0 3

24 x02

x0 = 1

x = 34
58 x0 + 34
= 0 0 24 ;
4 x0 3

x 3
0 4

.. x0 , x0 = 1;
: y = 9(x 1) + f(1); f(1) = 5; y = 9x 4;
l =
:

4
82

4
82

4.6.D09.

) f(x) = ln9 log3

3x 2
, y = 2x 3.
2x 1

f(x) = ln9(log3(3x 2) log3(2x 1));

2
ln9 3
2

=
ln3
ln3
ln3
3
x
2
2
x

6x 3 6x + 4
2
=2
;
=
(3x 2)(2 x 1) (3x 2)(2 x 1)
3

f (x) = ln9 3x 2 2x 1 =

f (x0) = 2, (x0; f(x0)) ;


2
= 2 (3x0 2)(2x0 1) = 1; 6x02 7x0 1 = 0;
(3x0 2)(2 x0 1)
x0 = 1

, x0 , x0 = 1
x0 = 1

arctg2

: y = 2(x 1) + f(1); f(1) = 0; y = 2x 2;


y = 2x 3 cos(arctg2) =
330

1
2

tg (arctg 2) + 1

1
5

. :

5 x + 11
, y = 6x + 5.
2x + 5
ln 49 5
2
3

f (x ) =
;

=2
ln 7 5 x + 11 2 x + 5
(5 x + 11)(2 x + 5)

) f(x) = ln49 log 7

f (x0) = 6, (x0; f(x0)) .


6
= 6 ; (5x0 + 11)(2x0 + 5) = 1; 10x02 + 47x0 + 54 = 0.
(5 x0 + 11)(2 x0 + 5)
x0 = 2

, x0 x0 = 2.
x0 = 27

10

: y = f (x0)(x + 2) + f(x0);
f (x0) = 6; f(x0) = 0; y = 6x + 12.
y = 6x + 5 y = 6x + 12 7cos(arctg6) =
7
tg 2 (arctg 6) + 1

7
37

7
36 + 1

7
37

4.6.D10. ) f(x) = ln 5log14 3 x

4x 7
.
4 x

ln 5

(ln(4 x 7) ln(4 x) =
ln14 3 x

4
1
3

ln(14 3x)
+
+ (ln(4 x 7) ln(4 x))
4
7
4
14
3x
x

= ln5
;
ln 2 (14 3x)
9
3
ln 5 + (ln 5 0)
5
5 = 12 . : 12 .
x = 3 f(3) = ln5
5
5
ln 2 5
2x 5
) f(x) = ln 5log 40 7 x
.
6 x
1
7
2
ln(40 7 x)
+
+ (ln(2 x 5) ln(6 x)
2x 5 6 x
4 7x

f (x) = ln 5
;
ln 2 (10 7 x)

f (x ) =

7
2
ln 5 + 1 + ln 5
14
5
5 14

=
x = 5: f(5) = ln 5
. :
.
5
5
ln 2 5

4.6.D11. ) f(x) = (x + 5)ln(7 x) g(x) = (x 2)ln(x + 4).


[2; 3] f(x) = F(x) > 0, F(x) F(3) > F(2);

331

[3; 4] g(x) = G(x) > 0, G(x) G(4)>G(3);


.. F(3) = G(3), G(4) > G(3) = F(3) > F(2).
: G(4) > F(2).
) f(x) = (x + 3)ln(4 x), g(x) = (x + 2)ln(x + 6).
[2; 3] f(x) = F(x) 0, F(x) F(3) > F(2);
[3; 4] g(x) = G(x) > 0, G(x) G(4)>G(3);
G(4) > G(3) = F(3) > F(2).
: G(4) > F(2).
4.6.D12 ) x0 = 3 .
, .. F(x0) = G(x0) = f(x0) = 3.
y = 3x + b y = 3x + c, |b c| = 9 +1 = 10 (
K(3; 9) T(3; 1)). :

l = |b c|cosarctg3 = 10cosarctg3 =

10
tg 2 (arctg 3) + 1

10
9 +1

= 10 .

: 10 .
) 2 ; , ..
F(2)=G(2) = f(2) = 2.
y = 2x + b y = 2x + c, |b c| = 20 ( K(2; 1)
T(2; 21)).

l = |b c|cosarctg2 = 20cosarctg2 =

20
2

2 +3

20
5

= 4 5 . : 4 5 .

5.
1.
.
5.1.01.
) f'(x)=12x240x+25=(4x5)2
R.
) f'(x)=33x246x+16=33x222x24x+16=(3x2)(11x8)=

= 33 x x
3
11

2 8

f(x) ;
3 11

f(x) ; ; + .
3

11

5.1.02. ) f(x) =

x3 11x 2
+
+ 24x + 15.
3
2

: f(x) = x2 + 11x + 24 = 0; x = 3, x = 8;
, .
: 3 8.
332

) f(x) =

x3 13x 2
+
14x + 13.
3
2

f(x) = x2 + 13x 14;


x = 1 x = 14;
f(x) , .
: 1 4.

5.1.03. ) f ( x) = ( x 2) x 2 + 5 x

10
40
20
3
2
= x + 3x x +
3
3
3

40 1
1
= (9 x 2 + 18 x 40) = (9 x 2 + 30 x 12 x 40) =
3 3
3
1
10
4

= (3x + 10)(3x 4) = 3 x + x
3
3
3

f '( x) = 3x 2 + 6 x

10 4
;
3 3

f(x)

10

f(x) ; ; + ;
3

16

) f ( x) = ( x + 1) x 2 + 4 x + = x3 + 5 x 2 + x +
3
3
3

16 1
1
= ( 9 x 2 + 30 x + 16 ) = ( 9 x 2 + 24 x + 6 x + 16 ) =
3 3
3
1
8
2

= (3x + 8)(3x + 2) = 3 x + x + .
3
3
3

f '( x) = 3x 2 + 10 x +

f(x) ;
3 3

f(x) ; ; + .
3

x3
7x2 + 63x + 4.
3
D
f(x) = x2 14x + 63 > 0, ..
= 7 63 < 0;
4

5.1.04. ) f(x) =

.. f(x) > 0 , f(x) (; +).


: (; +).
) f(x) =

x3
8x2 + 72x + 5
3

f(x) = x2 16x + 72 > 0, ..

D
= 64 72 < 0.
4

, f(x) (; +). : (; +).


5.1.05. ) f(x) =

26 3
x 169x + 4.
3

333

f(x) = 25x2 169 = (5x 13)(5x + 13).


13
13
0 , ,
5
5
13
13
. :
.
5
5
121 3
) f(x) =
x 64x + 5.
3

f(x) = 121x2 64 = (11x 8)(11x + 8);


8
8
, ,
11
11

.
:

8
8
.
11
11

5.1.06.
2
3

) f(x) = x3 x 2

2
.
3

f(x) = 2x2 2x = 2x(x 1) = 0;


2
3

2
3

f(0) = , f(1) = 1

2
= 1 ;
3

[0; 1] f() 0, .. f(x)


2
3

, 1. :
4
3

2
1.
3

1
3

) f(x) = x3 2 x 2 .

f(x) = 4x2 4x = 4x(x 1); [0; 1] f(x) , .. f (x) 0;


1
3

, f(0) = , f(1) = 1.
:

1
1.
3

.
5.1.01.
) y(x) = (x + 4)2(x 3)2.
y(x) = 2(x + 4)(x 3)2 + 2(x 3)(x + 4)2 = 2(x + 4)(x 3)(2x + 1) =

= 4(x + 4)(x 3)(x +

1
);
2

:
y(x)

y (x)

+
4

1
2

: y(x) 4; [3; +),


2
334

1
2

y(x) [; 4] ; 3 .
) y(x) = (x + 2)2(x + 7)2.
y(x) = 2(x + 2)(x + 7)2 + 2(x + 7)(x + 2)2 = 2(x + 2)(x + 7)(2x + 9) =
= 4(x + 2)(x + 7)(x + 4,5);
y(x)
y(x)

+
4,5

: y(x) [7; 4,5] [2; +),


y(x) (; 7] [4,5; 2].
5.1.02. ) y(x) = x3 3x2 9x 4
y(x) = 3x2 6x 9 = 3(x2 2x 3) = 3(x 3)(x + 1);

y(x)

y(x)

: y(x) (; 1] [3; +), [1; 3].


) y(x) = x3 + 7x2 5x + 2.

y(x) = 3x2 + 14x 5;

D
7 + 8 1
7 8
= 49 + 15 = 64; x1 =
= ; x2 =
= 5;
4
3
2
3

y(x) = 3 x ( x + 5) ;
3
y(x)
y(x)

+
5

1
3

: y(x) (; 5] ; + ;
3

.
3

1
5.1.03. ) y(x) = x3 36x + 17.
3

y(x) 5;

y(x) = x2 36 = (x 6)(x + 6);


y(x) 0 x [6; 6] y(x) [6; 6];
, [6; 2]. : [6; 2].
-4
[
]
-6
2
0
6
) y(x) = x3 147x + 20.
y(x) = 3x2 147 = 3(x2 49) = 3(x 7)(x + 7);
y(x) 0 [7; 7] y(x) [7; 7];
335

, [3; 7]; : [3; 7].


5.1.04. ) y(x) = 2x4 x3 2 23

y(x) = 8x3 3x2 = x2(8x + 3) = 8x2 x + ;


8
y(x)

y(x)

3
8

: y(x) ; ; y(x) ; + .
8

) y(x) = 7x4 + 4x3 19 .

y(x) = 28x3 + 12x2 = 4x2(7x + 3) = 28x2 x + .


7
y(x)
y(x)

: y(x) ; + ; y(x) ; .
7
7

5.1.05. ) y(x) = 27x (x + 2)3.


y(x) = 27 3(x + 2)2 = 3(3 x 2)(3 x + 2) = 3(x 1)(x + 5);
[5,5; 1,5] 2 : 5 1,
.
y(5) = 135 (5 + 2)3 = 108;
y(1) = 27 27 = 0;
y(5,5) = 148,5 + 42,875 = 105,625;
y(1,5) = 40,5 42,875 = 2,375;
: 0; (108).
) y(x) = 48x (x + 5)3.
y(x) = 48 3(x + 5)2 = 3(4 x 5)(4 + x + 5) = 3(x + 1)(x + 9);
1 9 y(x) , .. y(x) ;
y(1) = 48 64 = 112;
y(9) = 432 + 64 = 368;
y(0,5) = 24 91,125 = 115,125;
y(9,5) = 456 + 91,125 = 364,875;
: 112; (368).
5.1.06. ) f(x) = x3 + 12x2 + 12x + 8.
f(x) = 3x2 + 24x + 12 = 3(x2 + 8x + 4);
f(x) = 0 = 3(x2 + 8x + 4);
D
= 16 4 = 12; x1 = 4 + 2 3 ; x2 = 4 2 3 ;
4
f(x) 0 x 4 2 3; 4 + 2 3 ;

336

f(x) 0 x ; 4 2 3 x 4 + 2 3; + .
4 2 3 4 + 2 3 0 , ,
.
4 2 3 f(x) + , , .
4 + 2 3 f(x) +, , .
: 4 2 3 , 4 + 2 3 .
) f(x) = x3 6x2 27x + 5.
f(x) = 3x2 12x 27 = 3(x2 4x 9);
3(x2 4x 9) = 0;
D
= 4 + 9 = 13; x1 = 2 + 13 ; x2 = 2 13 ;
4
f(x) 0 x 2 13; 2 + 13 ;

f(x) 0 x ; 2 13 x 2 + 13; + ;
2 + 13 , .. f(x) ;
2 13 , .. f(x) + ;
2 + 13 , .. f(x) +.
5.1.07. ) f(x) = x2(2x 1) 8.
f(x) = 2x(2x 1) + x2 2 = 6x2 2x = (3x 1) 2x;

1
0
3

;
0 +, , ;

1
+, ,
3

.
: 0 ;

1
.
3

) f(x) = x2(2x 3) 1.
f(x) = 2x(2x 3) + 2x2 = 2x(3x 3) = 6x(x 1);
0 1 f 0 , , ;
. 0 f + , , ;
. 1 f +, , .
: 0 ; 1 .
5.1.08.
) f(x) = x3(1 8x).

f(x) = 3x2(1 8x) 8x3 = x2(3 24x 8x) = x2(3 32x)=32x2 x

3
;
32

337

+
0

3
32

3
f(x) 0 , ,
32

(, .. + );
. 0 f(x) , .
:

3
; .
32

) f(x) = x3(4x + 1).

f(x) = 3x2(4x + 1) + 4x3 = x2(12x + 3 + 4x) = x2(16x + 3)=16x2 x +


+

3
;
16

+
x

0
3
16
. 0 0, , ,
;
3
. 0 +
16
.
3
:
; .
16
5.1.09 ) f(x) = x3 + 7x2 17x 4.
17

f(x) = 3x2 + 14x 17 = 3(x 1) x + ;


3

17
3

(1) f(x) + .
f(1) = 13; , 13 (14).
: 14.
) f(x) = x3 + 6x2 15x 4.
f(x) = 3x2 + 12x 15 = 3(x2 + 4x 5) = 3(x 1)(x + 5);
. (1) f(x) + .
f(1) = 12. , 12 13.
: 13.
5.1.10.
) f(x) = (x 3)7(x 1)2.
f(x) = 7(x 3)6(x 1)2 + 2(x 3)7(x 1) =
= (x 3)6(x 1)(7x 7 + 2x 6) = (x 3)6(x 1)(9x 13) =
338

= 9(x 3)6(x 1) x

13
;
9

: 3; 1;

13
. . 3
9

.
13
.
9

1
: 1

13
.
9

) f(x) = (x + 5)5(x + 4)2.


f(x) = 5(x + 5)4(x + 4)2 + 2(x + 5)5(x + 4) =
= (x + 5)4(x + 4)(5x + 20 + 2x + 10) = (x + 5)4(x + 4)(7x + 30) =

= 7(x + 5)4(x + 4) x +

30
;
7
30
, . (5) (
7

: (5); (4)
5) .

30
.
7
30
: 4
.
7

. (4)

5.1.11.
) f(x) = 14x3 + 81x2 24x 2.
f(x) = 42x2 + 162x 24 = 6(7x2 + 27x 4);
f(x) = 6(7x2 + 27x 4) = 0;

D = 292; x1 =

1
27 + 29 1
27 29

= 4; f(x) = 42(x + 4) x ;
= ; x0 =
7
14
7
14

. (4) f(x) + .
1
f(x) + .
7
1
.
: 4 ;
7

) f(x) = 16x3 27x2 + 6x 5.

f(x) = 48x2 54x + 6 = 6(8x2 9x + 1) = 6(x 1)(8x 1) = 48(x 1) x ;


8
f(x)

1
8

. 0 + .
8
339

. 1 0 +
.
:

1
; 1 .
8

5.1.12. ) y(x) = x39 39x + 8,3.


y(x) = 39x38 39;
, y(x) 0 |x| 1.
, y(x) (; 1] [1; +).
|x| 1 y(x) 0 y(x) [1; 1].
: y(x) (; 1] [1; +) [1; 1].
) y(x) = x61 61x + 8. y(x) = 61x60 61.
, |x| 1 y(x) 0 y(x) (; 1] [1; +).
|x| 1 y(x) 0 y(x) [1; 1].
: y(x) (; 1] [1; +) [1; 1].
.
5.1.01.

) f(x) =

f(x) =

( x + 8)4 + ( x 6) 4
.
4

4
((x + 8)3 + (x 6)3) = (2x + 2)((x + 8)2 (x + 8)(x 6) + (x 6)2) =
4

= 2(x + 1)(x2 + 16x + 64 x2 2x + 48 + x2 12x + 36) = 2(x + 1)(x2 + 2x + 148);


D
= 1 148 < 0;
4

f(x) (x + 1).
x 1 f(x) 0 f(x) . x 1 f(x) 0 f(x) .
: [; 1]; [1; +].
) f(x) =

( x + 12) 4 + ( x + 14) 4
. f(x) =(x + 12)3 + (x + 4)3 =
4

= (2x + 16)(x2 + 24x + 144 x2 16x 48 + x2 + 8x + 16) =


= 2(x + 8)(x2 + 16x + 112); D < 0;
f(x) (x + 8).
x 8 f(x) 0 f(x) . x 8 f(x) 0 f(x) .
: (; 8]; [8; + ).
5.1.02. ) y(x) = (x + 8)2(x 4).
y(x) = 2(x + 8)(x 4) + (x + 8)2 = (x + 8)(3x) = 3x(x + 8);
(8); 0.
[8; 4].
f(8) = 0; f(0) = 256; f(4) = 0; : 256. : 256.
) y(x) = (x 7)2(x 10) [7; 10].
y(x) = 2(x 7)(x 10) + (x 7)2 = (x 7)(3x 27) = 3(x 7)(x 9);
: 7; : 9.
f(7) = 0; f(9) = 4; f(10) = 0; (4). : 4.
5.1.03.
340

1
3

) f(x) = x3 5x2 + 3.

f(x) = x2 10x = x(x 10);


f(x) 0 x [0; 10] f(x) [0; 10];
f(x) 0 x (; 0] [10; +) f(x) (; 0] [10; +);
f(0) = 3; f(10) =

1000
500 + 3 < 0;
3

.. f(x) [0; 10]


, 1 ( f(x)).
: f(x) (; 0] [10; +) [0; 10]; f(x)
(0; 10].
1
3

) f(x) = x3 3x2 + 1. f(x) = x2 6x = x(x 6);

f(x) 0 x [0; 6] f(x) [0; 6];


f(x) 0 x (; 0] x [6; +)f(x) (; 0] [6; +);
f(0) = 1; f(6) =

216
108 + 1 < 0;
3

.. [0; 6] f(x) ,
f(x).
: f(x) (; 0] [6; +) [0; 6]; [0; 6]
f(x) .
5.1.04.
) f(x) = 4x3 5x4 + 0,03.

f(x) = 12x2 20x3 = 4x2(3 5x) = 20x2 x ;


5

3
3

f(x) 0 x f(x) ; + ;
5
5

f(x) 0 x
+

3
3

f(x) ; .
5
5

+
0

3
5

, f ( x) = f
5
3
3
(.. .
).
5
5
3
3

: f(x) ; ; ; + ; x = .
5
5

x=

) f(x) = 5x3 3x4 0,05.

341

f(x) = 15x2 12x3 = 3x2(5 4x) = 12x2 x ;


4

f(x) 0 x

5
5

f(x) ; + ;
4
4

f(x) 0 x

5
5

f(x) ; .
4
4

5
,
4
5
5
f ( x) = f x = .
4
4

: f(x) ; ;
4

5
5

; + ; x = .
4
4

5.1.05.
) (x1, y1) , y1 = x1 + 3.
(x1; x1 + 3).
(x2, y2) , y2 = x2 1.
(x2; x2 1).
x1 = x2.
L(x) = (x + 2)2 + (x + 2)2 + (x 1 + 3)2 + (x + 3 + 3)2;
L(x) = 4x2 + 24x + ...;
A(x1; x1 + 3);
B(x1; x1 1);
M(2; 3);
f(x1) = AM2 + BM2 = (x1 + 2)2 + (x1 + 3 + 3)2 + (x1 + 2)2 + (x1 1 + 3)2 =
= 4x12 + 24x1 + 4 + 36 + 4 + 4;

x1 =

b
24
=
= 3 ;
2a
8

A(3; 0); B(3; 4);


: (3; 0); (3; 4).
) (x1, y1) (x2, y2).
y1 = x1 + 5; y2 = x2 3 x1 = x2;
(x1; x1 + 5) (x1; x1 3).
M(1; 2):
L(x) = (x + 1)2 + (x + 1)2 + (x + 5 + 2) + (x 3 + 2)2 = 4x2 + 16x + 52;
L(x) = 4x2 + 16x + ...
x0 =

342

b
= 2 .
25

b
= 2 .;
2a

x1 = 2;
, (2; 3) (2; 5).
: (2; 3) (2; 5).
5.1.06. ) f(x) = 2,5x4 + 4x3 + 1,7,

f(x) = 10x3 +12x2 = 2x2(5x + 6) = 10x2 x + ;


5

6
6

f(x) < 0, x (; 0) (0; ) f(x) ; ;


5
5

f(x) > 0, x [ ; +) f(x) ; + ;


5
5
6
6
f ( x) = f
5
5
6
x = .
5
6
6

: f(x) ; ; ; + ; x = .
5
5

) f(x) = 0,5x4 3x3 + 1,6.

f(x) = 2x3 9x2 = 2x2 x ;


2

9
x (; 0) (0; ) f(x) < 0 f(x)
2

x >

; .
2

9
9

f(x) > 0 f(x) ; + .


2
2

9
9
f ( x) = f
2
2
9
x = .
2

5.1.07.

343

1
2

) f(x) = 17 16 x x 4 .

f(x) = 16 2x3 = 2(x3 + 8);


x 2 f (x) 0 f(x) [2; +);
x 2 f (x) 0 f(x) (; 2];
, x = 2 f(x)
f(2) x = 2.
) f(x) = 3 + 32x x4.
f(x) = 32 4x3 = 4(x3 8);
x 2 f(x) 0 f(x) [2; +);
x 2 f(x) 0 f(x) (; 2];
, x = 2 f(x) < f(2)
x x = 2, .. x (; 2) (2; +).
5.1.08.
) y(x) = 2(x2 14x + 13)(x 13)2.
y(x) = 2(2x 14)(x 13)2 4(x 13)(x2 14x + 13) =
= 4(x 13)((x 7)(x 13) + x2 14x + 13) =
= 4(x 13)(x2 20x + 91 + x2 14x + 13) =
= 4(x 13)(2x2 34x + 104) = 8(x 13)(x2 17x + 52) = 8(x 13)2(x 4);
. 13 y(x) 0, ;
. 4 y(x) 0 + .

x
4
13
: 4 , .
) y(x) = 8(x2 15x + 14)(x 1)2 = 8(x 14)(x 1)3.
y(x) = 8(x 1)3 + 24(x 1)2(x 14) = 8(x 1)2(x 1 + 3x 42) =

= 8(x 1)2(4x 43) = 32(x 1)2 x

43
;
4

. 1 y(x) 0, ;
43
y(x) 0 +
4
43
. :
, .
4

5.1.09.
) f(x)=(21x22x3)2
f'(x)=2(21x22x3)(42x2)=2(21x29x+7x3)(42x2)=

=84(7x3)(3x+1) x
x1 =

3
1
1
1

= 84 7 3 x x + x = 0
7
3
21
21

1
3
1
1
x2 = x3 =
:
;
7
3
21
21

) f(x)=(15x28x+1)2
f'(x)=2(15x28x+1)(30x8)=2(15x25x3x+1)(30x8)=
344

= 20(3x 1)(5 x 1) x

4
1
1
4

= 900 x x x
15
3
5
15

1
1
4
x2 = x3 =
3
5
15
1
: .
5
x1 =

5.1.10.
) f(x) = 5x3 + 2x + 2 2 .
f(x) = 15x2 + 2 > 0 f(x) (; +);
f(1) < 0, f(1) > 0 .
) f(x) = 4x3 + 5x + 6 .
f(x) = 12x2 + 5 > 0 f(x) (; +);
f(1) < 0, f(1) > 0 .
5.1.11.
) f(x) = 3x3 + 3x2 8x 1.

f(x) = 9x2 + 6x 8 = 9 x x + ;
3
3
2 1
; f(x) .
3 3
8 4 1
28
19
20
29
1 1 1 8
2
f = + + 1 =
, f = + 1 =
.
1 =
1 =
9 3 3
9
9
9
9
3 9 3 3
3
29 19
;
.
2 9

) f(x) = 3x3 6x2 5x 1.

1 5

f (x) = 9x2 12x 5 = 9 x x + ; ; f(x)


3
3
6 6

1 4 72 48 73
25
1 3 1 5
f =
,
+ 1 =
+
=
=
72 6 72
72
72
6 216 6 6
125 300 300 72
547
5 3 125 25 25
f =
.
1 =
=
216
6
6
72
72
6
25
547
; .
72
72

5.1.12.
) x .
: V(x) = x(33 2x)2.
V(x) = (33 2x)2 4x(33 2x) = (33 2x)(33 2x 4x) =
= 3(33 x)(11 x) = 3(2x 11)(2x 33)
x = 5,5; V(x) + . ,
.
: 5,5.

345

) x .
: V(x) = x(39 2x)2.
V(x) = (39 2x)2 4x(39 2x) = (39 2x)(39 2x 4x) =
= 3(2x 39)(2x 13).
x = 6,5; V(x) + . ,
.
: 6,5.
D.
5.1.D01.
( x 1)3 x 4
3.
2
3
3
y(x) = 2x3(x 1)3 + x4(x 1)2 = x3(x 1)2(2(x 1) + x) =
2
2
7
4
7

= x3(x 1)2 x 2 = x3(x 1)2 x .


7
2
2

) y(x) =

:
+

+
0

+
x

4
7

: y(x) (; 0] ; + ;
7

y(x) 0;

4
.
7

( x 2 1)3 x 4
3
+ 1. y(x) = 2x3(x 2)3 + (x 2)2x4 =
2
2
3
7
8
2 3
2 3 7
=(x 2) x (2x 4 + x) = (x 2) x ( x 4) = (x 2)2x3(x ).
2
2
2
7

) y(x) =

+
0

8
7

+
x

: y(x) (; 0] ; + ; y(x) 0; .
7

7
5.2.D02.
) y(x) = x3 + 12x 15. y(x) = 3x2 + 12.
: (; +).
[2; 2]. (; 2] [2; +).
: 2 2. : 31 1.
: (; +).

346

1
4

31

) y(x) = x3 + 3x 4. y(x) = 3x2 + 3.


: (; +).
[1; 1].
(; 1] [1; +).
: 1 1.
: 2 6.
: (; +).
y

2
4
6

5.1.D03.
) y(x) = x3 + 3x2 + 20. y(x) = 3x2 + 6x = 3x(x + 2).
: (; +).
(;2] [0; +).
[2; 0].
: 2 0.
: 24 20.
: (; +).

347

y
24
20

2
3

) y(x) = x + 6x 4.
y(x) = 3x2 + 12x = 3x(x + 4).
: (; +).
(; 4] [0; +).
[4; 0].
: 0 4.
: 4 28.
: (; +).

y=8

4
4
1
7
5.1.D04. ) y(x) = x3 + 9 x . y(x) = x2 + 9.
3
3

: (; +).
[3; 3].
(; 3] [3; +).
348

: 3 3. : 20
: (; +).
15

2
3

20
1
3

1
2
15 .
3
3

1
3

2
3

) y(x) = x3 + 16 x + . y(x) = x2 + 16 = (4 x)(4 + x).


: (; +).
[4; 4]. (; 4] [4; +).
1
3

: 4 4. : 42 43 .
: (; +).
1
43
3

42

1
3

5.1.D05. ) y = x3 2x2 + 3x 5. y(x) = x2 4x + 3 = (x 1)(x 3).

: (; +).
(; 1] [3; +). [1; 3].
: 1 3.
349

: 3

2
5.
3

: (; +).

2
3

1
3

) y = x3 + 3x2 + 8x + 2. y(x) = x2 + 6x + 8 = (x + 2)(x + 4).


: (; +).
(; 4] [2; +).
: 2 4.
: 4

2
1
3 .
3
3

: (; +).

1
3
2
4
3
3

5.1.D06. ) y(x) = x3 12x 7. y(x) = 3x2 12 = 3(x 2)(x + 2).


: (; +).
(; 2] [2; +).
[2; 2].
: 2 2.
: 9 23.
: (; +).

350

y
9

23

) y(x) = x3 3x 7. y(x) = 3x2 3 = 3(x 1)(x + 1).


: (; +).
(; 1] [1; +).
[1; 1].
: 1 1. : 5 9.
: (; +).
y

5
9

5.1.D07. ) f(x) =

x4
4 x3
4
+ 4x 1,7. f(x) =
+ 4 = ( x3 5) ;
5
5
5

x 3 5 f(x) 0 f(x) 3 5; + ;

x 5 f(x) 0 f(x) ;
3

1+ 6 6

5 .

7 3 5; + , 1 + 6 6 > 3 7 ; f,

) ( 7) > 0 .

f 1+ 6 6 f

351

) f(x) =

x4
4 x3
4
21
+ 3x + 0,2. f(x) =
+ 3 = x3 ;
7
7
4
7

x 3

21

21
f(x) 0 f(x) 3 ; + ;
4
4

x 3

21
f(x) 0 f(x)
4

21
.
4

21

7, 25 1 + 7 7 3 ; + f

1 + 7 7 > 2 > 3 7, 25 f

) (

7, 25 f 1 + 7 7 > 0 .

5.1.D08. ) x0 [4; 2] x0 [5; 4)(2; 7]=M.


x, (x+4)(x2)>0
: +.
x (; 4)(2; +) M
) , x0 3, 1.
, (x0 + 1)(x0 3) > 0.
5.1.D09. ) A(x0, f(x0)).

: S =

1
4 f(x0) = 2(x04 4x0 + 55).
2

f(x) = 4x03 4 = 4(x03 1);


1 , .. f(x) +.
x0 = 1, A(1; 52). S = 2 52 = 104.
) A(x0, f(x0)).
: S =

1
6 f(x0) = 3(x04 + 32x0 + 49).
2

f(x) = 4x03 + 32 = 4(x03 + 8); (2) .


x0 = 2, A(2; 1).
S = 3 1 = 3.
5.1.D10. ) y(x) = x4 2x3 + 7x2 + 12.
y(x) = 4x3 6x2 + 14x = 2x(2x2 3x + 14). (; +).
x [0; +). x (; 0].
: 0. : 12. : [12; +).
y

12

352

) y(x) = x4 + 2x3 + 8x2 + 5. y(x) = 4x3 + 6x2 + 16x = 2x(x2 + 3x + 8).


(; +).
[0; +).
(; 0].
: 0.
: 5.
: [5; +).
y

5.1.D11. ) f(x) = (7x 5)3(3x + 2)4.


f(x) = 37(7x 5)2(3x + 2)4 + 43(7x 5)3(3x + 2)3 =
= (7x 5)2(3x + 2)3(321x + 314 + 421x 415) = (7x 5)2(3x + 2)3(147x 18);
2
49

;
3
6
2
49
.
,
3
6

49
5
2
6
7
3
) y(x) = (2x 1)5(5x + 7)6.
y(x)=((2x 1)5(5x + 7)6) = 30(5x + 7)5(2x 1)5 + 10(2x 1)4(5x + 7)6=
= 10(5x + 7)5(2x 1)4(6x 3 + 5x + 7) = 10(5x + 7)5(2x 1)4(11x + 4);
7
4
: ;
5
11
7
4
,
.
5
11

11

5
7

5.1.D12.

353

) y(x) = x3(x2 5) + 1.
y(x) = 3x2(x2 5) + = 3x4 15x2 + 2x4 =

)(

= 5x2(x2 3) = 5x2 ( x 3 + 3 .
(; +).
(; 3 ] [ 3 ; +).
3;

3 .

3 3.

: 6 3 + 1 6 3 + 1 .

y
1+ 6 3

1 6 3
) y(x) = 2x3(x2 6) + 1 = 2x5 12x3 + 1.
y(x) = 10x4 36x2 = 2x2(5x2 18) =

= 10x2 x

18
18
x +
.
5
5

: (; +).

: 1

1296 2
;
25 5

354

18

18
; + .

5
5

18

18
.
5

18

18
5

2.
.
2 x3 3x 2 + 1 1 3 1 1 3
= x + x
8 x3
4 4
8
3 2 3 4 3(2 x 2 1)
1
f '( x) = x x =
x=
4
8
8x4
2
1 3
3

+1 1+
2 1+ 1 2
1
1
2
2
2
2
f
=
=
xmax =
.
=
4
4
4
2

5.2.01. ) f ( x) =

1
2
+
;
4 8
7 x3 3x 2 + 9 7 3 1 9 3
) f ( x) =
= x + x
5 x3
5 5
5
3 2 27 4 3x 2 27 3( x 3)( x + 3)
f '( x) = x
x =
=
5
5
5x4
5x4
7 1 1 21 + 3 1 23
xmax=3 f (3) = + =
=
5 5 15
15
15
9 x2 + 7 x 3
5.2.02. ) f(x) =
. : x 0.
13x

23
.
15

f(x) ,
,
.
f(x) =

(18 x + 7)13x (9 x 2 + 7 x 3) 13
=
169 x 2

355

234 x 2 + 91x 167 x 2 91x + 39 9 x 2 + 3 3( x 2 + 1)


;
=
=
169 x 2
13x 2
13x 2

, x2 + 1 > 0 x 13x2 0 x, f(x) > 0 x f(x) > 0


x {0} (; 0) (0;+).
: (; 0) (0; +).
) ).
: x 0
7 x 2 + 13x 5
.
12 x
(14 x + 13) 12 x 12(7 x 2 + 13x 5) 14 x 2 + 13x 7 x 2 13x + 5 7 x 2 + 5
f ( x) =
=
;
=
144 x 2
12 x 2
12 x 2

f(x) =

f(x) > 0 x
: (; 0) (0; +).
5.2.03. ) f(x) =

4 x 2 + 16 x 3
. : x 0.
5x2

f(x)
3 3
a = ; ,
8 4

() ,
.

4 x 2 + 16 x 3 (8 x + 16) 5 x 2 10 x(4 x 2 + 16 x 3)
=

=
5x2
25 x 4

f(x) =

8 x 3 + 16 x 2 + 8 x3 32 x 2 + 6 x 16 x 2 + 6 x 2 x(8 x 3) 2(8 x 3)
=
;
=
=
5x4
5x4
5x4
5 x3
3
f(x) = 0 x1 = a.
8

f ( ):
3
f =
4

9
3
9
3
+ 16 3
4 + 16 3
12
52
3
16
4
64
8
; f =
.
=
=
9
9
5
8
15

5
5
16
64
3

.. , f
8
3

f , .. f(x) 0 a , ..
4
52
3
x = ;
12
8
12
3
x = .
f(x) =
5
4

: f(x) =

356

) f(x) =

2 x 2 + 18 x 3
. : x 0.
5x2

(4 x + 18) 5 x 2 10 x(2 x 2 + 18 x 3)
=
25 x 4
1

18 x x
4 x3 + 18 x 2 + 4 x3 36 x 2 + 6 x 18 x 2 + 6 x
3

=
=
;
=
5x4
5x4
5x4
1
x1 = 0 , x2 = .
3
1
1
4
2
2 + 18 3
2 + 18 3
73
1
2
9
3
9
3
f =
=5, f =
=
.
1
4
20
3
3
5
5
9
9
1
: f(x) = 5 x = ;
3
73
2
f(x) =
x = .
20
3

): f(x) =

5.2.04.
) : x {1; 8}.
y(x) x, y(x) = 0.

1 1

7
1 1
1
1

= 7
=
= 7 ( x 8) ( x 1)

x 8 x 1 x 1 x 8
( x 8)( x 1)

y(x) =

1
1
1
1
1
+
= 7



=
2
2
2
x 8 ( x 1) x 1 ( x 8 )2
(
x

1)
(
x

8)
(
x

1)(
x

8)

= 7

14 x
2x 9
1
1
1
2
1

+
= 7
;

= 7
( x 1)( x 8) x 1 x 8
( x 1)( x 8) ( x 1)( x 8) ( x 1) 2 ( x 8)2

y(x) = 0 x =

9
.
2

y(x):

9
2

x =

4
9
4
9
; y = . : .
7
2
7
2

) ):
: x {5; 8}.
357

y(x) =

3
.
( x 5)( x 8)

1 1
1
1 1
1

= 3
+

=
x 5 x 8 x 8 x 5
x 5 x 8

y(x) = 3

1
1
1
1

+

2
2
=
x 5 ( x 8) x 8 ( x 5)

= 3

13
6 x
2 x 13
3
1
3
3
1

;
=
+

=
( x 5)( x 8) x 8 x 5 ( x 5)( x 8) ( x 5)( x 8) ( x 5)2 ( x 8) 2

x1 =

13
.
3

:
+

13
3

x1 =

13
4
13 4
min; y = . : .
3
3
3 3

5.2.05.
) y(x) y(x):

2( x + 2)( x 5) (2 x 3)(2 x 3)
2x 3
=
=
( x + 2)2 ( x 5)2
( x + 2)( x 5)

y(x) =
=

2 x 2 6 x 20 4 x 2 + 12 x 9 2 x 2 + 6 x 29
=
;
( x + 2)2 ( x 5)2
( x + 2) 2 ( x 5) 2

y(x) 0 x, y(x) > 0.


x :

.
: y(x) (; 2), (2; 5), (5; +).
) : x 6.
y(x) =

2x + 5
.
( x + 6)( x + 1)

):
y(x) =

358

2( x + 6)( x 1) (2 x + 5)(2 x + 5) 2 x 2 + 10 x 12 4 x 2 20 x 25
=
=
( x + 6)2 ( x 1) 2
( x + 6) 2 ( x 1) 2

2 x 2 10 x 37
2 x 2 + 10 x + 37
=
;
2
2
( x + 6) ( x 1)
( x + 6)2 ( x 1) 2

D < 0 2x2 + 10x + 37 > 0 y(x) < 0 x

: (; 6), (6; 1), (1, +).


5.2.06. ) f(x) =

2 x 2 + 16 x + 5
.
6 x2

: x 0.
f(x) , , , max, min
:
(4 x + 16)(6 x 2 ) (2 x 2 + 16 x + 5) 12 x 4 x3 + 16 x 2 4 x3 32 x 2 10 x
=
=
36 x 4
6 x4
5

16 x x +
5
16 x 2 10 x
8

; f(x) = 0 x1 = 0 , , x2 = .
=
=
8
6 x4
6 x4

f(x) =

f(x):
+

x =

: x =

5
min.
8

5
.
8

) ):
: x 0.

14 x 2 22 + 9 (28 x 22) 4 x 2 (14 x 2 22 x + 9) 8 x


=
=
4x2
16 x 4

22 x x
28 x3 22 x 2 28 x3 + 44 x 2 18 x 22 x 2 18 x
11

=
; f(x) = 0;
=
=
4 x4
4x4
16 x 4
9
x1 = 0 , , x2 = .
11

f(x) =

+
0

: x =

9
11

x =

9
min.
11

9
.
11

359

5.2.01. ) f(x) =

3
x+2 5
3

. : x .
2
2x + 3
5

f(x) :
f(x) =

3 2
1
30 + 4 x 2 + 12 x + 9
4 x 2 + 12 x + 39
=
=
;
2
2
(2 x + 3) 5
5 (2 x + 3)
5 (2 x + 3) 2

6 36 394
; D < 0 f(x) < 0 x .
4

x
2

3
2 2

: f(x) ; ; + .
3 3

f(x) = 0 x1,2 =

4
5

) ). : x . f ( x) =

1
5x + 3 2

.
5x + 4
8

1
5x + 3 2
1 5
5

0
=
2
5
x
4
8
8
+
(5
x
4)
+

f(x) =

x (.. (5x + 4)2 > 0).

: f(x) ; ; + .
5 5

5.2.02.
) 5.2.01 ): : x 0.

2 x2 + 15x 8 (4 x + 15) x (2 x2 + 15x 8) 4x2 +15x 2x2 15x + 8 2x2 + 8


=
.
=
=
x
x2
x2
x2

f(x) =

f(x) > 0 x .
+
+

x
0
: f(x) (; 0) (0; +).
) 5.2.01 ): : x 0.

3x 2 + 8 x 15 (6 x + 8) x (3 x 2 + 8 x 15)
=
=

x
x2

f(x) =
=

6 x 2 + 8 x 3 x 2 8 x + 15 3 x 2 + 15
; D < 0 f(x) > 0 x .
=
x2
x2

360

: f(x) (; 0) (0; +).


5.2.03. ) 5.2. ): : x 0.
1
3
1
+tg25. f(x) = 25 +
= 25 + 3 = 0 ; f(x) = 0;
2
3
10 x
10 x
5x
1
3
125x = 1; x = .
5

f(x) = 25 x

+
x

: f(x) ; 1 (0; +)
5

; 0 .
5

) 5.2.01 ): : x 0.
f(x) = 16x

1
2
1
1
+ tg20. f(x) = 16 + 3 = 16 + 3 ; f(x) = 0 x = .
4
8x
4x
8x 2

1
4

+
x

: f(x) ; (0; +); f(x)


4

1
; 0 .
4

5.2.04. ) y(x) = x +

4
. : x 0; a = [4; 0,4].
x

E(y) y(x):
y(x) = 1

4
; y(x) = 0 x2 = 4 x1,2 = 2;
x2

x1 = 2 , .. a; x2 = 2;

+
+
2

x = 2 max; y(2) = 2 +

x
4
= 2 2 = 4.
2

y(x) a:

4
4
= 5; y(0,4) = 0,4 +
= 0,4 10 = 10,4;
0, 4
4
E(y) = [10,4; 4]. : E(y) = [10,4; 4].
y(4) = 4 +

361

) ): : x 0;
1
;
x
1
y(x) = 4 2 ;
x

y(x) = 4x +

1
2

y(x) = 0 x1,2 = ; x1 =

1
1
, .. a, x2 = ;
2
2

1
1 1
y = 4 +
= 2 2 = 4 ;
2
2 1
2

1
2

1
2

1
max.
2
1
y(x) : y(1) = 4 (1) +
= 5,
(1)2

y(0,2) =4 (0,2) +

x =

1
= 0,8 5 = 5,8,
0, 2

E(y) = [5,8; 4]. : E(y) = [5,8; 4].


5.2.05. ) 5.2.04 ): : x R;
f(x) =

7x
1

; a = 2; .
2
x2 + 1

f(x) =

7( x 2 + 1) 7 x(2 x) 7 x 2 + 7 14 x 2 7 x 2 + 7 7( x + 1)( x 1)
=
=
= 2
;
( x 2 + 1)2
( x 2 + 1) 2
( x + 1)2
( x 2 + 1) 2

f(x) = 0 =1
+

x1= 1 , x2 = 1 ;

7 (2)
14
7
7
= , f(2) =
= ,
f(1) =
5
2
2
(2)2 + 1

1
7
1
2 = 14 E ( y ) = 7 ; 14 .
f =
2 5
2 1 +1 5

4
14
7
7 14
.
: E ( y ) = ; , ..
5
2
2 5

) 5.2.04 ): : x R.
f(x) =

362

4( x 2 + 1) 4 x 2 x 4 x 2 + 4 8 x 2 4( x 2 1)
=
= 2
; f(x) = 0 =1;
( x 2 + 1)2
( x 2 + 1) 2
( x + 1) 2

x1 = 1, x2 = 1 , .. 5; ;
5

f(1) =

x = 1 min.

1
4
4
4(5)
20
10
1
5 = 20 = 10 .
=
2,
f(5)
=
=

,
f =
1
26
13
(1)2 + 1
(5)2 + 1
5
+ 1 26 13
25

E(y) = 2; 10 .

13

: E(y) = 2;
5.2.06. ) g(x) =

10
10
, ..
, 2.
13
3

20 + 2 x 3 9 x3
. : x 0.
4x

g(x) :
g(x) =
=

(2 3 9 3x 2 ) 4 x 4(20 + 2 x 3 9 x3 ) 2 3 9 x 3x3 + 20 2 x 3 9 + x3
=
=
16 x 2
4 x2

2 x3 + 20 x3 + 1 ( x 1)( x 2 + x + 1)
=
=
; g(x) = 0 x = 1.
4 x2
2 x2
2 x3
+

: (; 0) (0; 1) (1; +).


6 + 3x 5 14 x3
. ): : x 0.
6x

6 + 3x 5 14 x3 (35 14 3x 2 )6 x (6 + 3x 5 14 x3 )6
=
g(x) =
=
6x
36 x 2

) g ( x) =

3 5 14 x 3x3 + 6 3x 5 14 + x3 2 x3 + 6 x3 + 3 ( x 3 3)( x 2 + 3 3x + 3 3)
=
=
=
;
6x2
6 x2
3x 2
3x3

g(x) = 0 x = 3 3 .
+

+
0

: (; 0) (0;

3
3 ) ( 3 3 ; +).
1 x
5.2.07. ) y ( x) = 2
. 5.2.06 ): : x R;
4 x + 8 x + 13

2
2
1 x

(1 x)(8 x + 8) + 4 x + 8 x + 13 4 x + 8 x + 21
y(x) = 2
=
;
=
(4 x 2 + 8 x + 13) 2
(4 x 2 + 8 x + 13)2
4 x + 8 x + 13

y(x) = 0 4x2 + 8x + 21 = 0; D = 16 + 84 = 100;

363

4 10
3
7
x1 = , x2 = .
4
2
2

+
+
x
x1
x2

x1,2 =

3 7

: ; ; + ; .
2 2

2 2
x4
x4
=
.
4 x 2 + 12 x + 9 (2 x + 3) 2
3
): : x .
2
(2 x + 3)2 4(2 x + 3)( x 4) 2 x + 3 4 x + 16 19 2 x
=
=
;
y(x) =
(2 x + 3)3
(2 x + 3)2
(2 x + 3)4

) y ( x) =

y(x) = 0 x = 7,5.
+

1,5

7,5

: (1,5; 7,5] (; 1,5) [7,5; +).


1
5

5.2.08. ) f(x) = x 2 +

2x
2
2 ( x3 1)
2
. f(x) = 2 =
.
5x
5 5x
5 x2

x = 1. , .. f(x) +.
1
3

) f(x) = x 2

16
2
8 2 ( x3 8)
. f ( x) = x 2 =
.
3
3x
x 3
x2

x = 2. , .. f(x) +.
5.2.09. ) f(x) = 2x3

1
+ 4.
x

1 2 1

6 x2
x +

1 1 6x4
6
6

f(x) = 6x + 2 =
;
2
2
x
x
x
1
1
x = 4 x = 4 .
6
6
1
x = 4 , .. f(x) +,
6
1
x = 4 , .. f(x) + .
6
5
) f(x) = 2 x3 + 5.
x

5 2
5
6 x 2
x +

6
6
5

2
;
f(x) = 6 x 2 =
x
x2
2

= 4
364

5
5
x = 4
.
6
6

x=

5
. . . f(x) +,
6

5
, . . f(x) + .
6
1
1 (2 x 1)(2 x + 1)
5.2.10. ) y(x) = 4x + . y(x) = 4 2 =
.
x
x
x2
1
.
[0,2; 1]
2
1
f = 2 + 2 = 4, f(0,2) = 0,8 + 5 = 5,8. f(1) = 4 + 1 = 5
2
x=

: 5,8. : 4.
16
16 (3x 4)(3x + 4)
, [2; 0,5]. y = 9 2 =
.
x
x
x2
4
[2; 0,5] 1 .
3
4
f = 12 12 = 24, f(2) = 18 8 = 26, f(0,5) = 4,5 32 = 36,5.
3

) y = 9x +

: 24. : 36,5
5.2.11. ) f(x) = 7x

3,5
7
( x 5)3 + 1
+
7.
f

(x)
=
7
+
;
=
7
( x 5) 2
( x 5)3
( x 5)3

x = 4 , .
) f(x) = 5x +

2,5
5
( x + 3)3 1
=5
+ 3. f(x) = 5
;
2
3
( x + 3)
( x + 3)3
( x + 3)

x = 2 , .
5

6 x3
15
15 3(2 x3 5)
2

=
5.2.12. ) f(x) = 3x + . f(x) = 6x 2 =
.
x
x
x2
x2
2

5
, .
2

) f(x) = 2x2 +

12
12
( x3 + 3)
9. f(x) = 4x 2 = 4
.
x
x
x2

3 , .

.
5
2
+ + 12 . D(f) = R \ {0; 2};
x2 x
5
2 5 x 2 2 x 2 + 8 x 8 7 x 2 + 8 x 8
7 x2 8x + 8
f(x) =
=
< 0,

=
=

( x 2) 2 x 2
( x 2) 2 x 2
( x 2)2 x 2
x 2 ( x 2) 2

5.2.01. ) f(x) =

.. D f(x) (; 0), (0; 2) (2; + ).


) f(x) =

4
3
+ + 14 . D(f) = R \ {0; 3];
x3 x

365

f(x)

4
3
4 x 2 + 3x 2 18 x + 27
7 x 2 18 x + 27
2 =
=
<
2
2
2
( x 3)
x
x ( x 3)
( x 3)2 x 2

0,

..

;
f(x) (; 0), (0; 3) (3; +).
2 x 2 3x 1
. D(f) = R \ {0; 3};
x 2 3x

5.2.02. ) f(x) =
f ( x) =

(4 x 3)( x 2 3x) (2 x 3)(2 x 2 3 x 1)


=
( x 2 3x)2

4 x 3 15 x 2 + 9 x 4 x3 + 12 x 2 7 x 3 3 x 2 + 2 x 3
3x 2 2 x + 3
= 2
=
<0
2
2
2
2
( x 3x)
( x 3 x)
( x 3 x)2

(.. D < 0), , f(x) (; 0), (0; 3) (3; +).


) f(x) =
f ( x) =

3x 2 + 4 x 5
. D(f) = R \ {0; 1};
x2 x

(6 x + 4)( x 2 x) (2 x 1)(3 x 2 + 4 x 5) 6 x3 2 x 2 4 x 6 x3 5x2 + 14 x 3


=
=
( x 2 x)2
( x 2 x) 2

7 x 2 + 10 x 5
7 x 2 10 x + 5
=
<0
2
2
( x x)
( x 2 x) 2

(.. D < 0), , f(x) (; 0), (0; 1) (1; +).


5.2.03.
7
1 14 x3 56
3 . f(x) = 3 =
;
2
4 x
4 x3
x

x
4

) f(x) = +

f(x) < 0 x (0; 2 3 7 ] f(x) ( 0, 2 3 7 ];


f(x) (; 0) [ 2 3 7 ; +);
1
2

7
4

f(2) = + 3 < 0, f(0,3) =

0,3
7
+
3 > 0.
4 0, 09

f (; 0) .
5
1 10 x3 30

10
.
f

(x)
=

=
;
3 x3
x2
3x3

x
3

) f(x) = +

f(x) 0 x (; 0) x [ 3 30 ; +) f
; (3; 0,3) (; 0) f
. , .
5.2.04. ) y(x) =
1
5

y(x) =

x + 4 25
+
. D(y) = R \ {3};
5
x3

25
( x 3) 2 125 ( x 3 5 5)( x 3 + 5 5)
=
;
=
2
5( x 3) 2
( x 5)
5( x 3) 2

y(x) = 0 x = 3 5 5 .
+

35 5

366

3+5 5

y(x) (; 3 5 5 ] [3 + 5 5 ; +);
y(x) [3 5 5 ; 3) (3; 3 + 5 5 ].
) y(x) =

x 1 36
. D(f) = R \ {6}.
+
3
x6

1
36
( x 6) 2 (6 3)2 ( x 6 6 3)( x 6 + 6 3)
=
=
;
2
3 ( x 6)
3( x 6) 2
3( x 6)2

y(x) =

y(x) (; 6 6 3 ] [ 6 + 6 3 ; +);
y(x) [6 6 3 ; 6) (6; 6 + 6 3 ].
5.2.05. ) f(x) = 1 +

f(x) =
=

2x 5
. : x (; +)
x 2 2 x + 15

2( x 2 2 x + 15) (2 x 5)(2 x 2) 2 x 2 4 x + 30 4 x 2 + 14 x 10
=
=
( x 2 2 x + 15) 2
( x 2 2 x + 15) 2

2 x 2 + 10 x + 20
x 2 5 x 10
=

2
;
( x 2 2 x + 15) 2
( x 2 2 x + 15)2

5 65
;
2
5 65 5 + 65
;
f(x)
;
2
2

x2 5x 10 = 0; D = 25 + 40 65; x =

f(x) ;

5 65

2

2x 3
) f(x) = 4 + 2
. D(f) = R.
x 6 x + 15

f(x) =
=

5 + 65

; + .

2 x 2 12 x + 30 (2 x 3)(2 x 6) 2 x 2 12 x + 30 4 x 2 + 18 x 18
=
=
( x 2 6 x + 15)2
( x 2 6 x + 15) 2

2 x 2 + 6 x + 12
x 2 3x 6
= 2 2
; f(x) = 0 x2 3x 6 = 0;
2
2
( x 6 x + 15)
( x 6 x + 15)2

3 + 15
3 15
; x2 =
;
2
2
3 15 3 + 15
;
f(x)
;
2
2

D = 9 + 6 = 15; x1 =

f(x) ;

3 + 15

3 15
; + .

2
2

x3
, [11; 10].
x 17
2( x 3) x 17 x + 3
( x 3)
y(x) =
.

= 28
( x 17) ( x 17) 2
( x 17)3

5.2.06. ) y(x) =

367

[11; 10] ; x = 3;
y(11) =

1
, y(10) = 1, y(3) = 0.
4

: 1; : 0.
2

x 10
, [8; 11].
x 12
x 10 x 12 x + 10
x 10
y(x) = 2
;

= 4
x 12
( x 12)3
( x 12)3

) y(x) =

[8; 11] x = 10;


f(8) =

1
; f(11) = 1; f(10) = 0.
4

: 1; : 0.
5.2.07.
) y(x) =
y(x) =

( x 1)2
+ 14. D(y) = R \ {6};
x 2 36

2( x 1)( x 2 36) ( x 1) 2 (2 x) 2( x 1)( x 2 36 x 2 + x) 2( x 1)( x 36)


=
=
;
( x 2 36) 2
( x 2 36) 2
( x 2 36)2

y(x) = 0 x1 = 1, x2 = 36;

+
+
6

+
36

y(x) (; 6), (6; 1] [36;+) [1; 6) (6; 36].


) y(x) =
y(x) =

( x 4)2
8. D(y) = R \ {8}.
x 2 64

2( x 4)( x 2 64) ( x 4) 2 2 x 2( x 4)( x 2 64 x 2 + 4 x) 8( x 4)( x 16)


=
=
;
( x 2 64)2
( x 2 64)2
( x 2 64) 2

y(x) 0 x (; 8) (8; 4] [16; +) y(x)


(; 8), (8; 4] [16; +).
y(x) 0 x [4; 8) (8; 16] y(x) [4; 8) (8; 16].
5.2.08.
) f(x) =
f(x) =

x 2 3x + 16
. D(f) = R \ {0}.
x

(2 x 3) x x 2 + 3x 16 x 2 16
=
;
x2
x2

f(x) 0 x [4; 0) (0; 4] f(x) [4; 0) (0; 4].


f(1) = 14;
2

49 21

49
+ 11
+ 16
71
2
7 4
= 2
f =
=
;
7
7
14
2
71

: ; 14 .
14
368

x 2 x + 25
25
= x + 1 . D(f) = R \ {0}.
x
x
25 ( x 5)( x + 5)
;
f(x) = 1 2 =
x
x2

) f(x) =

f(x) 0 x [5; 0) (0; +5] f(x) [5; 0) (0; 5].


23
25
6 + 25 31
5 5
f = + 10 1 =
; f(3) = 3 + + 1 =
=
;
2
3
3
3
2 2
31 23

: ;
.
3 2
5.2.09.
36
) y(x) = x +
. y(x) = 1 36 = ( x 6 )( x + 6 ) ;
x
x2
x2
x0 , x0 +

36
= 12;
x0

x02 12 x0 + 36
x0 = 6. [1; 11].
x0

) y(x) = 49x +

100
100
. y(x) = 49 2 ;
x
x

x0 , 49x0

100
= 0;
x02

10
10
;x=
,
7
7
13
10
f = 140 ; 1 .
7
7

x0 =

13
7 ; 1 .

3 x3
1 .
2
x2
3
2

9 x 2 x 2 3x3 (2 x)
x 2 ( x 2 2)
6 x 2 3x 4
3

f(x) =
= 3
.
=
2
2
2
2 2
2 2
2 2
x
x
x
3

5.2.10. ) f(x) =

x = 2 .
x = 2 .
) f(x) =

5 x3
7 .
6 x2 9

x2 x2
5 3x2 (2x2 3) x3 (4x) 5 (6 x 4 9 x 2 4 x 4 ) 5 (2x4 9x2 ) 10
2
f(x) =
=
=
.
2
2
2
2
2
2
= 3
3
3
3
(2x2 3)2
x

(2
3)
(2
3)
(2
x

3)

369

x =
3

x =
5.2.11. ) f(x) =

2
2

x2
.
x + 5x 6
2

12

5x x
2 x( x 2 + 5 x 6) x 2 (2 x + 5)
5 x 2 12 x
5

f(x) =
=
=
.
( x 1) 2 ( x + 6) 2
( x 1) 2 ( x + 6) 2 ( x 1) 2 ( x + 6) 2

x = 0 .
x =
) f(x) =
f(x) =

12
.
5

7 x2
7 .
x + 2x 3
2

14 x( x 2 + 2 x 3) 7 x 2 (2 x + 2) 14 x 2 3 14 x
14 x ( x 3)
=
=
.
( x 1)2 ( x + 3) 2
( x 1) 2 ( x + 3) 2 ( x 1) 2 ( x + 3) 2

x = 0 .
x = 3 .
5.2.12. ) f(x) =

f(x) =

5 x 2 + x + 22
.
x2 5

(10 x + 1)( x 2 5) + 27(5 x 2 x 22) x 2 + 6 x 5


( x 1)( x 5)
=
;
=
2
2
2
2
( x 5)
( x 5)
( x 2 5)2

x = 1 x = 5 ;
9
2

f(1) = ; f(5) =
:
) f(x) =
f(x) =

49 1
47
; ( f (1) + f (5)) = .
10 2
10

47
.
10

3 x 2 + x 27
.
x2 8

(6 x + 1)( x 2 8) 2 x(3x 2 + x 27) x 2 + 6 x 8


( x 4)( x 2)
=
;
=
( x 2 8)2
( x 2 8) 2
( x 2 8) 2

x = 2 x = 4 ;
f (2) =

13
25 1
51
51
; f (4) =
; ( f (2) + f (4)) = . :
.
4
8 2
16
16

D.
5.2.D01. ) f(x) =

f(x) =
370

7 x 19
+3 .
12 x 2 + 17 x 5

7(12 x 2 + 17 x 5) (17 x 19)(24 x + 17)


=
(12 x 2 + 17 x 5)2

7( x 6) x +
84 x 2 + 24 19 x + 228
7 x 2 38 x 24
7

= 12
= 12
;
=
(12 x 2 + 17 x 5)2
(12 x 2 + 17 x 5) 2
(12 x 2 + 17 x 5) 2
4

8x 7
3 .
) f(x) = 2
3x + 11x 4

f(x) ; [6; +).


7

24 x 2 + 88 x 32 (8 x 7)(6 x + 11) 24 x 2 + 88 x 32 48 x 2 46 x + 77
=
=
1
1

x ( x + 4)
x ( x + 4)
3
3

5
3

x x +
(8 x 2 14 x 15)
24 x 2 + 42 x + 45
2
4

= 3
= 24
;
1
1
1

x ( x + 4)
x ( x + 4)
x ( x + 4)
3
3
3

3
5

f(x) (; 4), 4; ; + .
4

f(x) =

5.2.D02. ) y(x) =

( x 3) 3
( x 6)

69
. D(y) = R \ {6};
4

3( x 3)2 ( x 6) 2 2( x 6)( x 3)3


y(x) =
=
( x 6)4
3x 18 2 x + 6
( x 12)
= ( x 3)2
= ( x 3)2
;
( x 6)3
( x 6)3

y(x) (; 6) [12; +).


x = 12 ;
y (12) =

93 69
109
.

= 3 . :
36
62 4

) y(x) =

( x 1)3 69
. D(y) = R \ {7};

( x 7) 2 2

3( x 1)2 ( x 7)2 2( x 7)( x 1)3 ( x 1)2 (3 x 21 2 x + 2) ( x 1) 2 ( x 19)


=
=
;
( x 7) 4
( x 7)3
( x 7)3

+
+
+

y(x) =

19

y(x) (; 7) [19; +).


x = 19 ; f (19) =
5.2.D03. ) y(x) =

183 69

= 6 . : 6.
122 2

( x 15)2 23
. : R \ {12};
+
( x 12)3 81

371

y(x) =
=

2( x 15)( x 12)3 3( x 12)2 ( x 15) 2


=
( x 12)6

( x 15)( x 12)2 (2 x 24 3x + 45)


( x 15)( x 21)
=
;
( x 12)6
( x 12)4

y(x) (; 12), (12; 15] [21; +).


x = 21 ; y(21) =

62 23 1
1
+
= . : .
3
92 81 3

( x 9) 2 23
2( x 9)( x 8)3 3( x 8) 2 ( x 9) 2
. y(x) =
=
+
3
27
( x 8)
( x 8)6
2 x 16 3x + 27
( x 11)
= ( x 9)
= ( x 9)
;
4
( x 8)
( x 8) 4

) y(x) =

y(x) (; 8), (8; 9] [11; +).


22 23
+
= 1 . : 1.
33 27
4 4
4 ( x 2)( x + 2)
5.2.D04. ) y(x) = x + . y(x) = 1 2 =
;
x 7
x
x2

. x = 11, y(11) =

: x 0;
(; 2] [2; +); [2; 0) (0; 2];
2 2;
24
32
.
7
7
9 2
9 ( x 3)( x + 3)
;
) y(x) = x + + . y(x) = 1 2 =
x 7
x
x2

x 0;
(; 3] [3; +); [2; 0) (0; 2];
3 3;

40
44

.
7
7

3.
.
3

5.3.A01. ) f ( x) = 5 x +
3

x2 =

3
x=
5

6
x

+ 1 f '( x) = 5

3
3

9
25

9
;
25
3

) f ( x) = 3x +
3

x2 =

372

4
16
x=3
3
9

+ 9 f '( x) = 3

4
3

x2

x2

16
.
9

3x 2 4
3

x2

5x 2 3
3

x2

3
x

16

5.3.A02. ) y(x) =

5 . y(x) =

3
+
x2

( x)

=0;

3
9
64
79
9 64 128
; y =
x=
5 = 5 = ;
3
3
3
8
64
64 3
1 16
y(9) = 5 = 10 .
3 3
79
(10), .
3
5
4
5 8
5
25
=0; x = x=
;
) y(x) =
+ 2 . y(x) = 2 +
3
x
4
16
x
x
x
x=

( )

6
1 8
3
25 16 32
y = + 2 = ; y(25) = + 2 = .
16
5
5
5
5 5
5

3
,
5

6
.
5

5.3.A03. ) y(x) = 4x x + 12 x 1 .
2x

y(x) = 4 x

4 x 2 x + 6
x

6( x 1)
x

x = 1 , .. y(x) + .
8
x x + 8 x +1 .
3
4
4( x 1)
;
y(x) = 4 x
=
x
x

) y(x) =

x = 1 , .. y(x) + .
5.4.A04.
8

) f(x) = 5 x +
f(x) =

5
2 x

( x)

3
2

5x 8
2x x

8
< 0 0;
5

) f(x) = 10 x +
x<

. D(f) = (0; +);

8
5

13
x

8 . f(x) =

5
x

13
2x x

13
, x > 0 ... f(x)
10
3
5

5.3.A06. ) y(x) = x 3 x 2

f(x) 0; .
5
10 x 13
2x x

0 10x 13 < 0

13
0; .
10

27 3 2
x 11 .
2

373

x 9
3 5 3 2 27 2
9
x 3 = 3 x2 3 = 3
=0
5 3
2 3 x
x
x

y(x) =

x = 9, 9 (0;+).

: (0;+) .

3
9
3 5
9 2
x3
y(x) = x 3 x 2 3 x 2 + 4 . y(x) = 3 x 2 3 = 3 = 0 ;
5 3
2 3 x
5
2
x

x = 3 , 3 (0;+). : 3.
.
5.3.B01. ) g(x) = (x + 8) x + 8 39 x + 8 + 10 .
g(x) =

3
39
3x + 24 39 3 x 15
.
x +8
=
=
2
2 x +8
2 x +8
2 x+8

x > 5 g(x) > 0 g(x) [5; +);


8 < x < 5 g(x) < 0 g(x) [8; 5).
: [5;+), (8; 5].
) g(x) = (x 10) x 10 12 x 10 + 14 .
g(x) =

3
6
3x 30 21 3( x 14)
=
=
x 10
.
2
x 10
2 x 10
2 x 10

10 < x < 14 g(x) < 0 g(x) .


x > 14 g(x) > 0 g(x) .
: [14;+), (10;14].
5.3.B02. ) g(x) = 3
g ( x) =

15
2

( x 6 )5 35 ( x 6 )3 11 .

( x 6 )3

105
2

( x 6) =

15
2

( x 6 ) ( x 6 7) =

15
x 6( x 13) .
2

6 < x < 13 g(x) < 0 g(x) [6; 13].


x > 13 g(x) > 0 g(x) [13; +).
: [13;+); [6;13].
) g(x) = 3
g ( x) =

15
2

( x 12 )5 25 ( x 12 )3 + 19 .
( x 12 )3

75
2

( x 12 ) =

15
2

( x 12 ) ( x 12 5) =

15
x 12( x 17) ;
2

x > 17 g(x) > 0 g(x) [17; +).


12 < x < 17 g(x) < 0 g(x) [12; 17].
: [17;+); [12;17].
5.3.B03. ) g(x) =

( x + 14) 2
1

+ 5 ; D(y) = (5; +);

( x + 5) 2
1

2( x + 14)( x + 5) 2

g ( x) =

374

( x + 14)2
1

2( x + 5) 2

x+5

4( x + 14)( x + 5) ( x + 14)2
1

2( x + 5)( x + 5) 2

( x + 14)(4 x + 20 x 14)
1
( x + 5)( x + 5) 2

( x + 14)(3 x + 6)

1
( x + 5)( x + 5) 2

(5;+) x = 2.
: x = 2.
5.3.B04. ) g(x) = 7( x + 2)( x 4)

g(x) = 7( x 4)

1
3

1
3

+1 .

(2 x 14)
3x 12 x 2
.
7
=

= 7
4
4
4

3
3
3
3( x 4)
3( x 4)
3( x 4)

7( x + 2)

x = 7 . : 7.
) g(x) = 5( x 2)( x 8)
g(x) = 5( x 8)

1
3

1
3

+7 .

(2 x 22)
3x 24 x + 2
5
=

= 5
4
4
4
3( x 8) 3
3

3( x 8) 3
3(
x
8)

5( x 2)

x = 11 .
: 11.
5.3.B05. ) g(x) = 14(x + 1) ( x 11)

1
x +1

g ( x) = 14 ( x 11) 3
4

3( x 11) 3

1
3

7 .

(2 x 34)

3x 33 x 1
14
;
=

= 14
4
4

3( x 11) 3
3
3( x 11)

x = 17 .
: 17.
) g(x) = 11(x 4) ( x 8)

g(x) = 11 ( x 8 )

1
3

1
3

14 .

x4
3 x 24 x + 4 2 x 20
;
=
11

=
4
4
4

3
3
3
3( x 8)
3( x 8)
3( x 8)

x = 10 . : 10.
5.3.B06. ) g(x) = 15

x 11
x 24

2.

2 x 48 x + 11
1
x 24 ( x 11)( x 24) 2
x 37
2
g ( x) = 15
= 15 2 x 24
= 15
;
2
3
x
24

x 24
2 ( x 24 ) 2
1

x = 37 .
) g(x) = 11

x +1
x 23

375

1
x 23 ( x + 1)( x 23) 2
x 47
2 x 46 x 1
2
g ( x) = 11
= 11
;
= 11
3
2
3
x 23
2 ( x 23) 2
2 ( x 23) 2

x = 47 .
1

5.3.B07. ) g(x) = (20 x)(x 6) 3 + 6.


20 x

g ( x) = ( x 6 ) 3 +

x=

3( x 6)

2
3

3x + 18 + 20 x
3( x 6)

2
3

4 x + 38
3( x 6)

2
3

4 x 38
2

3( x 6) 3

19
.
2
1

) g(x) = (21 x)(x 18) 3 14.


1
3

g ( x) = ( x 18 ) +

21 x
2

3 ( x 18 ) 3

3 x + 54 + 21 x
2

3 ( x 18 ) 3

4 x + 75
2

3 ( x 18 ) 3

75
)
4
= 4
;
2
3 ( x 18 ) 3
(x

75
.
4
10
5.3.B08. ) g(x) = x x 6 x + 11 . g(x) = 5 x 6 = 0
3
6
36
x= x=
;
5
25
393
393
36 10 36 6 26
g = + 11 =
. :
.
25
25
25 3 25 5 25
3
9
) g(x) = 4 x x 9 x 4 . g(x) = 6 x 9 = 0 x = x = ;
2
4
9 3 81
27
43
43
9
g = 4 4 = 4 = . : .
4 2 4
4
4
4
4

x=

5.3.B09. ) g(x) = 2 x x + 6 x + 19 . g ( x) = 3 x + 6 = 0 x = 2 x = 4.
g(4) = 16 + 24 + 19 = 27.
: 27.
1
1
x=
4
16
8 1 3
1 3
15
15
1
g = + 2 = + 2 = 1 . : 1 .
16 4 16
8 16
16
16
16

) g(x) = 8 x x + 3 x 2 . g ( x) = 12 x + 3 = 0 x =

5.3.B10. ) g(x) = 7(x+14) 3 (x+11)


1
2

2 ( x + 11) 3 ( x + 14 ) 3

g ( x) = 7
1
4
3 ( x + 14 ) 3 3 ( x + 11) 3

376

1
3

+ 4.

7( x + 8)
= 7 2 x + 22 x 14 =
;
1
4
1
4
3

( x + 14 ) 3 ( x + 11) 3 3 ( x + 14 ) 3 ( x + 11) 3

x = 8.
: 8.
2

) g(x) = 10(x+12) 3 (x+2)

1
3

+ 9.

1
2

2 ( x + 2 ) 3 ( x + 12 ) 3

g ( x) = 10
1
4
3 ( x + 12 ) 3 3 ( x + 2 ) 3

x 8
= 10 2 x + 4 x 12 = 10
;
1
4
1
4
3
3

3 ( x + 2) 3
3 ( x + 2) 3
x
+
12
x
+
12
(
)
(
)

x = 8 .
: 8.
1

3
2

5.3.B11. ) f(x) = 6 3 4 x 3 (8 x 12 ) 3 . D( f ) = ; + ;

f(x) =

8
3

16 x 2

8
3

(8 x 2) 2

=8

(8 x 12) 2 3 16 x 2
3

16 x 2 3 (8 x 12) 2

; f(x) = 0 (8x 12)2 = 16x2

8 x 12 = 4 x
x = 3 D( f ),
8 x 12 = 4 x x = 1 D( f ).

. x = 3 f(x) x = 3 .
: 3.
1

) f(x) = 2(4 x) 3 3 8 x 9 . D(f) = (0; +);


f(x) =

8
3 3 16 x 2

8
3 3 (8 x 9) 2

3
8 3 (8 x 9) 2 16 x 2
;
3 3 16 x 2 3 (8 x 9)2

f(x) = 0 (8x 9)2 = 16x2;

x =
8 x 9 = 4 x
8 x 9 = 4 x
x =

9
3
. x = x =
4
4

9
,
4
3
.
4

f(x) ; . x =

9
8

f(x) , ,
x =

9
9 3
. : .
8
4 4

5.3.B12. ) f ( x) = x 2 2 x x 2 x + 1
1

f '( x) = 2 x 3 x 2 = 2( x 2) x + [4, 9] f'(x)>0,


2

x=9
f(9)=8129318+1=10
) f ( x) = 2 x 2 2 x x + 5 x
5

f '( x) = 2 x 3 x + 5 = 2( x 1) x +
2

377

[1, 4] f'(x)<0 x=4


f(x)=21616+20=10.
.
5.3.C01.
) y(x) = x + 2 2 4 x 5 .
y( x) =

1
2 x+2

4
4 x 5

4 x 5 + 8 x + 2
2 x + 2 4 x 5

>0

y(x) x.
...
x > 2
x > 2

4 x < 5
x < 4
5
4

x = ;
3
5
y =
4 2

x = 2; y(2) = 2 3
) y(x) = 3 5 x 4 x + 1 .
y( x) =

15
2 5x 4

1
2 x +1

> 0 y(x) x.

...
x 1
x + 1 0

5 x 4 0
x 5

. x = 1
y(1) = 3
4

. x = ; y = .
5
5 5
5.3.C02.
) y(x) = 4 x 3 3 4 x + 5 . y( x) =

2
4 x 3

...
4 x 3 0
;

4 x + 5 0

x 4
.

x 5

4
5

x = : y = 2 .
4 4
378

6
4x + 5

<0.

2
3
) y(x) = 3 x + 4 4 x 3 . y( x) =

<0;
2 x + 4
4x 3
3

x = : y = 3 2 .
4
4

...
x 4
x + 4 0

;
3.

4
x

x 4
3

13 .
x = : y =
4 4 2

x = 4 : y ( 4 ) = 13 .
5.3.C03.
) f(x) = 6 x 2 4 x + 49 .
6x2 4x + 49 > 0 , D=164 6 49 < 0.
f(x) =

12 x 4

2 6 x 2 4 x + 49

f(x) < 0 x <

6x 2

6 x 2 4 x + 49

1
1

f(x) ; ;
3
3

f(x) > 0 x > f(x) ; + .


3
3

) f(x) = 5 x 2 + 4 x + 41 .
...: (;+);
f(x) =

10 x + 4
2 5 x 2 + 4 x + 41

10( x + 0.4)
2 5 x 2 + 4 x + 41

x < 0.4 f(x) < 0 f(x) (;0.4];


x > 0.4 f(x) > 0 f(x) [0.4;+).
5.3.C04. ) f(x) = (1 9 x) 1 + 18 x .
f(x): 1 1 .
9

f ( x) =

9
1 + 18 x

18

9 1 + 18 x

81x
1 + 18 x

9 81x 9 162 x
1 + 18 x

243x

1 + 18 x

1 1
; ; : f(0) = 1;
18 9

x = 0 , 0
1
f = 0; f
9

1
= 0 . : 1 0.
18

) f(x) = (9 4 x) 9 + 8 x . f(x):

9
9
.
8
4

379

f ( x) = 4 9 + 8 x +

(9 4 x)4

9 + 8x

36 32 x + 36 16 x

9 + 8x

48 x

9 + 8x

9 9

x = 0 , 0 ; .
8 4
: f(0) = 27.
, .. 0.
: 27 0.
5.3.C05.
) f(x) = x 4 x + 1 . D(f) = [4; +);
f ( x) =

1
2 x4

1
2 x +1

x +1 x 4

2 x 4 x +1

> 0 D(f).

f(8) = 2 3 = 1.
f(5) = 1 6 . : 1 1 6 .
) f(x) = x 2 x + 4 . D(f) = [2; +);
f ( x) =

1
2 x2

1
2 x+4

x+4 x2

2 x2 x+4

> 0 D(f).

: f(6) = 2 10 .
f(3) = 1 7 . : 2 10 1 7 .
5.3.C06.
) f ( x) =

3
x2
1
2 x + (4 x 3) 2
2
6

3
4

f '( x) = x 2 + 4 x 3
x < 2
x < 2
x < 2
, 2
,
2
( x 2) = 4 x 3 x 8 x + 7 = 0 ( x 1)( x 7) = 0

f'(x)=0,

x=1 , .

, 1, f(x);
3

3
x2
1
) f ( x) = 5 x + (2 x + 5) 2
2
3

5
.
2

f '( x) = x 5 + 2 x + 5

x < 5
x < 5
x < 5
, 2
,
f'(x)=0
2
( x 5) = 2 x + 5 x 12 x + 120 = 0 ( x 10)( x 2) = 0
.. x=2 , .

380

, (2, 1) f(x).
5.3.C07.

) f(x) =2x 3 3 ( x 2) 2 2 . f(x) = 2 3

2
x2

f(x) = 0 3 x 2 = 1 x 2 = 1 x = 3;
x = 2 f(x) .
f(x)

f (x)

x = 2 ; x = 3 ;
f(2) = 2; f(3) = 1;

f (2)
=2;
f (1)

: 2.
) f(x) =4x 3 ( x + 3) + 1 . f(x) = 4 3
f(x) = 0

x+3
1
1
23
x+3 = ; x = 3 =
.
2
8
8

=4

x+3
3

x+3

1
2;

f(x) x = 3;
f(x)

23
8

x = 3 ;
23
.
8
f (3)
11
11
44
.

=
=
=
23 23 + 1 3 46 + 4 3 45
f
2
4
4
8
44
:
.
45
x=

5.3.C08. ) f ( x) = x 3 x 1 8 , [2, 65].


f '( x) = 3 x 1 +

3 3 ( x 1) 2

3x 3 + x
3 3 ( x 1)2

4x 3
3 3 ( x 1) 2

(2, 65] f'(x)>0


x=2, x=65,
.. fmin=f(2)=6
fmax=f(65)=252;
381

) f ( x) = 4 x 5 x 4 x [5, 36]

x
f '( x) = 5 x 4 +
5

4) 4
x
(
5

5x 4 + x
6x 4
=
=
4
5
5

x
(
)
( x 4) 4
5
4
5

[5, 36], f'(x)<0,


x=36, x=5.
.. fmin=f(36)=472=68
fmax=f(5)=45=1.
5.3.09. ) h(x) = 5x + 12 2 x 9 , D(h) = (; 2];
h( x) = 5

6
2 x

5 2 x

=5

2 x

6
5 ;

2 x
2 x
6
36
14
x=
; x = 2 h(x) .
2 x = 2 x =
5
25
25
h(x)

x
2

h(x) = 0
+

14
25

h(x) x ;

14
14
, h(x) x ;
25
25

: h(x) x ;

2 .

14
14
; h(x) x ;
25
25

) g(x) = 3x 2 x 1 + 1 . D(g) = [1; +);


g ( x) = 3

1
x 1

3 x 1 1
x 1

g(x) = 0 3 x 1 = 1 x 1 =
f(x)

1
10
x=
9
9
x

10
9

10

; + ; g(x)
9

: g(x)

5.3.C10. ) f(x) = 2x 12 x 2 + 1 . D(f) = [2; +);

f(x) = 2

6
x2

=2

x2 3
x2

=0

x2 = 3
x = 11;
f(x) 11 +
11 .
382

10
1; 9 .

2 .

) f(x) = 3x 6 x 6 + 5 . D(f) = [6; +);


f(x) = 3

3
x6

=3

x 6 1
x6

=0

x = 7.
f(x) . 7 +
7 .
5.3.C11. ) f(x) =(x 7) 5 + x + 2 . D(f) = [5; +);
f ( x) = 5 + x +

x7

2 5+ x

2 x + 10 + x 7
2 5+ x

=3

x +1

2 5+ x

f(x) 0 x = 1 +
1 .
) f(x) =(x + 1) 2 x 5 . D(f) = (; 2];
f ( x) = 2 x

x +1

2 2 x

4 2x x 1
2 2 x

= 3

x 1

2 2 x

x = 1 : f(x) +
x = 1 .
5.3.C12. ) f(x) = 14 x 5 5 x 101101 101 . f ( x) =
1 4

7 5 x4 = x . 7 = x 2
x=

10

7 3

7
x

1
5

x4

7 5 x4 x
x 5 x4

=0.

= x 0.3 .

, .

) f(x) = 10 x 7 7 x 141141 141 . f ( x) =

5
x

1
7

x6

5 1
x14

5
1
= 5
.
6
6

5
5 x14

x7

x7

14
15

x = , .
5

D.
5.3.D01. ) y(x) = 2 3x + 8 3 x 2 .
y( x) = 3 +

12
3x 2

= 3

3x 2 4
3x 2

=0;

3x 2 = 16 3x = 18 x = 6.
y(6) = 2 18 + 8 4 = 16. : 16.
) y(x) = 1 5x + 4 5 x 1 .
y( x) = 5 +

10
5x 1

= 5

5x 1 2
5x 1

=0;

5x 1 = 4 x = 1.
: y(1) = 1 5 + 4 2 = 4. : 4.
383

5.3.D02. ) y(x) =

1
7x +1 7x 1

7x +1 7x 1
7
7

+
7
2
7
x
+
1
2
7
x

1
49 x 2 1
=
y( x) =
=
2

2
2
14 x 2 49 x 1
7x +1 7x 1

7
> 0.
=
2 49 x 2 1 7 x + 1 7 x 1

x = 7: y(7) =
x = 5: y(5) =
1

) y(x) =

5x + 1 5x 1

1
50 48
1

6 34

5x + 1 5x 1
5
5

+
5
25 x 2 1
=
y( x) = 2 5 x + 1 2 5 x 21 =
2 5x + 1 5x 1 2
5x 1 5x 1

5
> 0.
=
2 25 x 2 1 5 x + 1 5 x 1

x = 4: y(4) =

21 19
1
x = 2: y(2) =
.
11 3

5.3.D03. ) f ( x) = 0,6 x + 4 x 17 .
f ( x) = 0, 6 +

2
4 x 17

> 0 , f(x) .

, f(x2) = f(8x 7)
.
x2 = 8x 7 x2 8x + 7 = 0;
x = 1; x = 7, x = 1 . , x = 7.
: 7.
) f ( x) = 1,1x + 6 x 7 .
f ( x) = 1,1 +

3
6x 7

> 0 f(x) .

f(x2) = f(7x + 8) x2 = 7x + 8 x2 7x 8 = 0;
x = 1 x = 8;
x = 1 .
384

: 8.
1
4
6
.
+

7 6x + 7 4x + 5
24
24
+
0
f ( x) =
(6 x + 7) 2 (4 x + 5) 2

5.3.D04. ) f ( x) =

6 x + 7 4 x + 5

6 x + 7 4 x 5

(6x + 7)2 (4x + 5)2

x 1

6 7
7 . : ; ; 1 .
5
6
6
x

1,
2,

1
1
4
) f ( x) = +

.
5 4x + 5 x + 4
4 x + 5 x + 4
4
4
+
0 (4x+5)2 (x + 4)2
f ( x) =

(4 x + 5) 2 ( x + 4)2
4 x + 5 x 4

x 3

. :
x 9 , x = 5

5
4

9 5
5 ; 4

1
5
; .
3
4

5.3.D05. ) y ( x) = x 2 + 6 x + 8 + 4 .
: x2 + 6x + 8 0; x (; 4] [2; +);
y( x) =

x+3
x2 + 6x + 8

y(x) < 0 x (; 4] y(x) (; 4);


y(x) > 0 x (2; +) g(x) (2; +).
x = 3 .
) y(x) = x 2 + 4 x 5 + 3 .
: x2 + 4x 5 0;
x (; 5] [1; +); y( x) =

x+2
x2 + 4x 5

y(x) (; 5); y(x) (1; +.)


.
5.3.D06. ) y ( x) = 3 2 x x 2 1 .
: x2 + 2x 3 0; x [3; 1];
y( x) =

x 1
3 2 x x2

; y(x) [3; 1]; y(x) [1; 1).

x = 1
: 1
.

385

1
1

1
1

) y ( x) = 2 x + 8 x 2 2 .
:x2 2x 8 0 x [2; 4].
y =

x +1
2 x + 8 x2

; y(x) (2; 1]; y(x) [1; 4).

x = 1
: 1
.
y

4
x

1
2
5.3.D07. ) y ( x) =

1
+ 1 x + 2 .
4

: (; 1);
y( x) =

1
1
1 x 2

=
;
4 2 1 x
4 1 x

y(x) x {; 3]; y(x) x [3; 1).


: x = 3.
3
4

1
4

: y(3) = + 4 = 3 .
) y ( x) =

x
+ 6 x +3 .
2

(; 6];
y( x) =

1
1
6 x 1

=
;
2 2 6 x
2 6 x

y(x) x (; 5]; y(x) x [5; 6).


: x = 5.

386

: y (5) =

5
1
+4=6 .
2
2

5.3.D08. ) y ( x) = (3 x) 3 + 2 x .
3

3 x
3x
3 2 x + 3 x
=
;
y( x) = 3 + 2 x +
=
2 3 + 2x
3 + 2x
3 + 2x

; + ;
2

y(x) x ; 0 ; y(x) x [0; +).


2
: x = 0.
: 3 3 .
) y ( x) = (1 4 x) 1 + 8 x .
1

4(1 4 x)
48 x
=
y( x) = 4 1 + 8 x +
;
1 + 8x
2 1 + 8x

: ; + ;
8

y(x) ; 0 ; y(x) [0; +).


8
x = 0.
: y = 1.
5.3.D09. ) y ( x) = 3 3 2 x 2 3 3x 5 + 2 .
(; +);
y( x) =

2
3

(2 x)

2
3

(3 x 5) 2

;
2 x = 3x 5

y(x) = 0 (3x 5)2 = (2x)2

2 x = 5 3x

x = 5
x=5
x = 1

(; 1) [5; +) y(x) ; (1; 5] .


5, 1.
: y (5) = 3 3 10 2 3 10 + 2 = 3 10 + 2 , y (1) = 5 3 2 + 2 .
) y = 5 3 3x 3 3 5 x 8 2 .
(; +);
y( x) =

5
3

(3x) 2

5
3

(5 x 8) 2

=5

(5 x 8)2 3 (3x) 2

(3x) 2 3 (5 x 8) 2

y(x) = 0 (5x 8)2 = (3x)2;


16x2 80x + 64 = 0; x = 1, x = 4;
y(x) x (; 1] x [4; + );
y(x) x [1; 4].
: 1 4.
387

: 5 3 3 + 3 3 3 2 = 8 3 3 2 5 3 12 3 3 12 2 = 2 3 12 2
5.3.D10. ) 7a 2 a = f (a) . f (a) = 7

1
a

=0

a=

1
1
a=
;
7
49

1
1 1 2
f = = .
7
49 7 7
1
1
:
; .
49
7

) a 8 a = f (a) .
f (a) = 1

4
a

=0

a = 4 a = 16;

f(16) = 16 8 4 = 16.
: 16; 16.

5.3.D11. ) y = 2 8 x = 4 2 x ; y = 3x; 0;

32
.
9

y = a .

a2
a
; .
32
3

a a2
1 a

= f (a) ; f (a) = ;
3 16
3 32
16
16 8 8
f(a) = 0 a = ; f (a) = = .
3
9 9 9
8
: .
9

) y = a .

388

() x01 =
: a
f (4) = 4

a2
; x02 = a.
8

a2
a
= f (a) ; f (a) = 1 = 0 a = 4;
4
8

16
=2.
8

: 2.
5.3.D12.
4
3

) f ( x) = 4 3x + 4 3x . D ( f ) = ; + ;
f ( x) =

6
3x + 4

3 = 3

(2 3x + 4)
3x + 4

x 0

4.
x > 3

f(x) 0 0 < 3x + 4 4
4

; 0 f(x) . [0; +) f(x) .


3
f(x) = f(0) 0, .. 0
.
4

: ; 0 ; [0; +); 0.
3
3
4

) f ( x) = 2 x 5 4 x 3 . D ( f ) = ; + ;
f ( x) = 2

10
4x 3

=2

( 4 x 3 5)
4x 3

f(x) 0 4x 3 25 x 7.
3

[7; +) f(x) . ; 7 f(x) .


4
f(x) = f(7) 7, .. . 7
.

389

: [7; +); ; 7 ; 7.
4

4.
.
5.4.01.
) f(x)=x2xcos x+sin x
f'(x)=2xcos x+xsin x+cos x=x(2+sin x)
f'(x)=0 x=0 (.. 2+sin x>0)
x=0, (0, 0) ;
) f(x)=x2xsin xcos x
f'(x)=2xxcos xsin x+sin x=x(2cos x)
f'(x)=0 x=0 (.. 2cos x>0)
x=0, (0, 1) .
5.4.02.
) f(x)=16xsin x+16cos x+10sin x+36x2+45x6
f'(x)=16xcos x+16sin
x16sin
x+10cos x+72x+45=16xcos
x+72x+45=2cos x(8x+5)+9(8x+5)=(2cos x+9)(8x+5)
5
5
.. 2cos x+9>0, x = ,
8
8

x+10cos
5
f
8

.
5
f = 0 ;
8

) f(x)=12xsin x+12cos x+27sin x+10x2+45x+3


f'(x)=12sin x+12xcos x12sin x+27cos x+20x+45=3cos x(4x+9)+5(4x+9)=
= (3cos x+5)(4x+9)
.. 3cos x+5>0, x =

9

4

9
, 0 .
4

5.4.03.
) f(x) = 19(sinx + xcosx) 19sinx 13cosx = cosx(19x 13) = 0;

cos x = 0 x = 2 + n, n Z

13
; .. x (0; ) x = . :
; .

2
19 2
19 x 13 = 0 x = 13

19

) f(x) = 20(sinx + xcosx) 20sinx 19cosx = cosx(20x 19) = 0;

cos x = 0 x = 2 + n, n Z

; .. x (0; ) x = .

2
20 x 19 = 0 x = 19

20

5.4.04.
) f(x)=7x+sin 3x
f'(x)=7+3cos 3x, .. 7+3cos x>0, ..

390

19
; .
20 2

f'(x)>0 x, ;
) f(x)=8xcos 5x
f'(x)=8+5sin 5x, .. 8+5sin 5x>0, ..
f'(x)>0, .
5.4.05.
) f(x)=4cos3x13x,
f'(x)=12sin3x13, f'(x)<0 x,
;
) f(x)=5sin 4x21x,
f'(x)=20cos4x21, f'(x)<0 x,
.
5.4.06.

) y(x) = 19x 9sinx + 15. y(x) = 19 9cosx = 0; cosx =

19
;
9

19 9cosx > 0. : x R.
) y(x) = 17x + sinx 20. y(x) = 17 + cosx = 0; cosx = 17;
17 + cosx < 0. : x R.
.
5.4.01.
2
5

5x
2 5
5x
5x
. y(x) = 7 sin = 7 sin = 0 ;
2
5 2
2
2
5x
5x
sin
= 7; 7 sin
> 0.
2
2

) y ( x) = 7 x + cos

: x R.
3
2

2x
3 2
2x
2x
. y(x) = 3 sin = 3 sin = 0 ;
3
2 3
3
3
2x
2x
sin
= 3; 3 sin
> 0.
3
3

) y ( x) = 3x + cos

: x R.
5.4.02.
) y(x) = 10x + 7cosx + 2sinx + 9.
y(x) = 10 7sinx + 2cosx > 0, .. |sinx| 1, |cosx| 1.
: x R.
) y(x) = 24x + 9cosx + 14sinx + 4.
y(x) = 24 9sinx + 14cosx > 0; .. |sinx| 1, |cosx| 1.
: x R.
5.4.03.
) g(x) = 9 13 5x4 4sinx < 0, .. x4 0, |sinx| 1.
: x R.
) g(x) = 15 55x4 14sinx < 0; .. x4 0, |sinx| 1.
: x R.
5.4.04.

391

) g(x) =

1
2 x

+ 15 + 14sin14x > 0; ..

1
2 x

> 0 , |sin14x| 1.

: x 0.
) g(x) =

3
x

+ 14 + 6sin5x > 0 ..

3
x

> 0 , |sin6x| 1

: x 0.
5.4.05.
) f(x)=cos2x+4x+5
f'(x)=2cos x(sin x)+4=4sin 2x
f'(x)>0 x, ;
) f(x)=sin2x+5x+4
f'(x)=2cos xsin x+5=5+sin2x
f'(x)>0 x, f(x) .
5.4.06.
) f(x)=7x2sin 3x+1, x [0, ]
f'(x)=76cos3x, .. f'(x)>0, ,
fmin=f(0)=1
fmax=f()=7+1;
) f(x)=8x+3cos 2x4, x [, 0]
f'(x)=86sin 2x, .. f'(x)>0, ,
fmin=f()=81
fmax=f(0)=1.
5.4.07.
7

) f(x)=11tg x4x, x , 0
15
f '( x) =

11
4
cos 2 x

.. cos2x1, f'(x)>0 , .. f(x)


+ k , + k , k Z
2
2

fmax=f(0)=0;

) f(x)=8x13tg x; x 0,
13

13
f '( x) = 8
, f'(x)<0
cos 2 x

2

.. f(x) + k ,

.. 0,

6
, + , fmax=f(0)=0.
13 2
2

5.4.08.

) f(x)=2cos x+x3, x ,
3 2
392

+ k , k Z
2

f'(x)=12sin x, x ,
3 2
f'(x)<0, .. .

.. f max = f = 1
3 3

f min = f = 3 ;
2 2

) f(x)=x2sin x+5, x 0,
6


f'(x)=12cos x, x 0, , f'(x)<0
6

.. .
fmax=f(0)=5


f min = f = + 4 .
6 6
5.4.09.
1
5

) f ( x) = 3x 2 + sin 5 x x cos 5 x
f'(x)=6x+cos5xcos5x+5xsin5x=x(6+5sin x)
f'(x)=0 x=0, .. x0, f'(x)0, x0 f(x)0, x=0 .
, (0, 0) ;
1
3

) f ( x) = 2 x 2 + cos 3x + x sin 3x
f'(x)=4xsin3x+sin3x+3xcos3x=x(4+3cos3x)
f'(x)=0 x=0, .. x0, f'(x)0, x0 f'(x)0, x=0 .

, 0, .
3

5.4.10.
) y(x) = 27x2 + 5cosx + 6 > 0; .. x2 0, |cosx| 1.
: x R.
) y(x) = 33x2 + 3cosx + 8 > 0; .. x2 0, |cosx| 1.
: x R.
5.4.11.
) y(x) = 2cos(2x 9) + 12 > 0; .. |cos| 1.
: x R.
) y(x) = 5cos(5x 13) 17 < 0; .. |cos| 1.
: x R.
5.4.12.
5

) f(x)=cos5x6x, x , 0
7
f'(x)=5sin5x6
393

.. f'(x)<0 , 0 , fmin=f(0)=1;
7

) f(x)=sin7x+8x, x 0,
9

f'(x)=7cos7x+8, .. f'(x)>0 0, , ,
9
fmin=f(0)=0.
.
5.4.01.
) f(x) = 5sin2x 14x. f(x) = 10cos2x 14 < 0;
f(x) R (, x = 0).
) f(x) = 2sin4x 9x. f(x) = 8cos4x 9 < 0;
f(x) R (, x = 0).
5.4.02.

) f(x) = cos5xcos8x =

1
(cos3x + cos13x);
2

cos3x = 1

;
cos13x = 1

x =

x =

2n
3
;
2k
13

[0; 3] x = 0, x = 2;
cos3x = 1
;

cos13x = 1

2k

x = 3 + 3
;

x = + 2n

13 13

[0; 3] x = , x = 3 (k = 1, n = 6) (k = 4, n = 19).
: fmax = f(0) = f(2) = 1, fmin = f() = f(3) = 1.
) f(x) = cos7xcos6x =

1
(cosx + cos13x);
2
x = 2n
cos = 1

;
2k ;
cos13x = 1 x =
13


[0; 5] x = 0, x = 2, x = 4,
x = + 2n
cos x = 1

;
2k ;
cos13 x = 1 x = +
13 13

[0; 5] x = , x = 3, x = 5.
: fmax = f(0) = f(2) = f(4) = 1, fmin = f() = f(3) = f(5) = 1.
5.4.03.
) f(x) = sin 2 x

394

12
6

+ 2 cos x
.
11
11

f (x) = 2 cos 2 x

12
6

sin x
= 0;
11
11

6
6

2sin 2 x + sin x 1 = 0 ; D = 1 + 8 = 9;
11
11


6
sin x = 1
11

;

6 1
sin x =
11 2

6 3
x 11 = 2 + 2k
;

x 6 = (1)k + k

4 6

5
21
85
41
27
; : x1 =
; x2 =
; x3 =
;
11
22
66
66
11

1 3
3
+ 2
=
2 2
2
1
3
3
f(x3) = 2 2
= 3
2 2
2

f(x1) = 0; f(x2) = 2

85

3
+ 3;
2
3
.
2
41

.
: max: f
+ 3 ; min: f
=
= 3
2
66 2
66

14
7

+ 2 cos x +
.
9
9

14
7
7
7

2
2sin x + = 0; 2sin x + + sin x + 1 = 0 ;
9
9
9
9

) f(x) = sin 2 x +
f(x) = 2cos 2 x +

2 20

13

25

37

D = 9; x ;
x1 =
; x2 =
; x3 =
;
9
18
18
18
9
1
2

f(x1) = 0; f(x2) = 2
f(x3) = 3

3
3
3
;
+2
= 3+
2
2
2

3
.
2

25

37

: fmax = f(x2) = f
; fmin = f(x3) = f
.
= 3+
= 3
2
2
18
18
5.4.04.
9
4

) f(x) = x 6sin
9
4

3x
+9 .
4

9
2

3x
= 0;
4

3x 1 3
4 8n
8 16
; .. x ;
.
= ; x = + 2n ; x =
cos
+
3
4 2 4
3
9
3
3
20
4 4 20 28 16
:
; ;
;
;
;
.
9
9
9
9
9
3

f(x) = cos

395

15
3x
15 15
3x
x 5sin 2 . f(x) = cos
= 0; cos 3 x = 1 ;
4
2
4 2
2
2
2
4

2 4 n

; .. x
;
x=
+

9
3
3 3

) f(x) =

: x = 2 ; x = 10 ; x = 14 ; x = 2 .
9
9
9
9
5.4.05.
3
8

3x
3 3
3x
3x
1
3 3 . f(x) = + sin
= 0 sin = ;
4
8 4
4
4
2
3
4k
k +1
k +1 2
+ k x = (1)
+
x = (1)
.
4
6
9
3

) f(x) = x cos

: k max; min
2
3

2x
2 4
2x
4 3 . f(x) = + sin
= 0;
3
3 3
3
2x
1 2x

3k
sin
= (1)k +1 + k ; x = (1)k +1 +
= ;
.
3
2 3
6
4
2

) f(x) = x 2cos

: k max; min.
5.4.06.
) f(x)=xsin x+cos x+2x2+2sin x+8x+7
f'(x)=sin x+xcos xsin x+4x+2cos x+8=(x+2)cos x+4x+8=0
x(cos x+4)=2(cos x+4) x=2.
: 2;
) f(x)=xcos xsin x+x2+3cos x+6x5
f'(x)=cos xxsin xcos x+2x3sin x+6=xsin x3sin x+2x+6=0
x(2sin x)=3(2sin x) x=3.
: 3.
5.4.07.
) f(x)=xcos xsin x2cos x1,5x2+6x+1
f'(x)=cos xxsin xcos x+2sin x3x+6=xsin x+2sin x3x+6=0
2(sin x+3)=x(sin x+3) x=2.
: 2;
) f(x)=xsin x+cos x3sin x+x26x1
f'(x)=sin x+xcos xsin x3cos x+2x6=xcos x3cos x+2x6=
=(x3)(cos x+2)=0
x=3
: 3.
5.4.08.
) f(x)=(x+12)2sin x+2xcos x2sin x+24cos x10
f'(x)=2(x+12)sin x+(x+12)2cos x+2cos x2xsin x2cos x24sin x=
=(x+12)2cos x=0
xextr =

x=0, x =
396

.
2

f(0)=14 f = + 12 2 10 > 14
2 2

: 14;
) f(x)=(x15)2cos x2sin x2cos x+30sin x+8
f'(x)=2(x15)cos x(x15)2sin x2sin x2xcos x+2sin x+30cos x=
=(x15)2sin x=0 x=0
. ), x=0,

.
2

f(0)=2252+8=231
2

f = + 15 (1) 30 + 8 < 231


2 2

: 231.
5.4.09.
) f(x)=x2xsin xcos x+4sin x8x+3
f'(x)=2xxcos xsin x+sin x+4cos x8=2(x4)cos x(x4)=
=(x4)(2cos x)
xextr=4 .
: 4;
) f(x)=sin xxcos x1,5x2+5cos x+15x2
f'(x)=cos x+xsin xcos x3x5sin x+15=xsin x5sin x3x+15=
=(x5)(sin x3)
xextr=5 .
: 5.
5.4.10.
) f(x)=sin xxcos xx2+3
f'(x)=cos xcos x+xsin x2x=x(sin x2)=0
xextr=0 f(0)=3 f(1)=sin 1cos 1+2<3
: 3;
) f(x)=cos x+xsin x+2x23
f'(x)sin x+sin x+xcos x+4x=x(cos x+4) xextr=0
f(0)=2 f(1)=cos 1+sin 11>2
: 2.
5.4.11.
) f(x) = 2sin5x 2 3 cos5x + 7.
3

f(x) = 10cos5x + 10 3 sin5x = 0; ;


.
6 5
tg5x =

1
3

; 5x =

+ 6n
+ n; x =
;
6
30

11
17
3
; x=
.
x=
6
5
30
30

.. x ;

) f(x) = 4 sin x 4 3 cos x + 1 .


3

397

4
3

x
3

f(x) = cos + 4

3
x
5

sin = 0; x ; 9 ;
3
3
2

x
3 x
x
x

; = + n ; x = + 3n ;
= 3 sin ; tg =
3
3
3
3
2
3
6
11
17
5

.. x ; 9 x =
; x=
.
2
2
2

cos

5.4.12.
) y(x)=xsin x+cos xx24sin x+8x5
y'(x)=xcos x+sin xsin x2x4cos x+8=xcos x2x4cos x+8=
=(cos x2)(x4)
y(x) x [4; +)
y(x) x (; 4];
) y(x)=2x2+8x7+sin x2cos xxcos x
y'(x)=4x+8+cos x+2sin x+xsin xcos x=4x+8+2sin x+xsin x=
=(sin x+4)(x+2)
x=2
y(x) x (; 2]
y(x) x [2; +).
D.
5.4.D01.

) f(x) = 1 7cos

3 3
21
3
3

. f(x) = 7sin 2 = 2 sin = 0;


x x
x
x
x

1
3
>
3
3 n 100 n < 300
= n ; x = ;
;
270 .
x
n 3 1
n 30

n 10
4
16
4
4
4
. f(x) = 2 sin
= 0;
= n ; x = ;
) f(x) = 5 4cos
x
n
x
x
x
1
4
n > 100 n < 400
2
1
.. x (10 ; 10 ]
;
360 .
n 40
4 1
n 10

5.4.D02.
20
7

19tg x 4, x ; 3
cos x
2

20 sin x
19
20 sin x + 19

=
y '( x) =
cos 2 x
cos 2 x
cos 2 x
7

; 3 , sin x>0, y(x) ,


2

) y ( x) =

398

) y ( x) =
y '( x) =

23
11

11tg x + 4, x
; 5
cos x
2

23 sin x 11
11

, x
; 5
cos 2 x
2

sin x>0, y'(x) , .


5.4.D03.
13
13cos x
7
+
7ctgx + 13. y(x) =
= 0;
sin x
sin 2 x sin 2 x
7
7
7
cosx = ; .. x (2; 0) : x = arccos ; x = 2k + arccos .
13
13
13
12cos x
3
12
+
3ctgx + 7. y(x) =
= 0;
) y(x) =
sin x
sin 2 x sin 2 x
1
1
cosx = ; x = arccos + 2k; .. x (2; 0)
4
4
1
1
: x = 2 + arccos ; x = arccos .
4
4

) y(x) =

5.4.D04.
1
6

) y ( x) = tg 19 x 19 x + 1, x (, 0)
y '( x) =

19
1

19 = 19
1
2
6 cos 2 19 x
6 cos 19 x

y'(x)=0 cos19 x =

1
6

x=

1
1
arccos
,
19
6

(, 0), , ;
1
8

) y ( x) = tg 11x 11x + 6, x (, 0)
y '( x) =

11
1

11 = 11
1
2
8 cos 2 11x
8 cos 11x

y'(x)=0, 8cos211x=1, ..
cos11x =

1
2 2

x=

1
1
arccos
,
11
2 2

(, 0), , .
5.4.D05.
) y(x) =

14
13
39
13
cos3 x cos 2 x +
. y(x) = 14cos2xsinx + sin2x = 0;
3
4
4
2

399

cosxsinx(13 14cosx) = 0; cosx = 0, n Z; x1 =

+ n; sinx = 0; x2 = n, n Z;
2

13
13
; x3 = arccos + 2n; y(x1) = 13;
14
14
14 13 39 67
; x2 = 2n, n Z;
y(x2) = + =
3 4 4
6
14 13 39 11
y(x2) = + = ; x2 = + 2n, n Z;
3 4 4
6
3
2

39 13091
14 13 13 13
.
y(x3) = 2 1 + =

4
3 14
4 14
1176

11

: ymax = y + n = 13; ymin = y( + 2n) = .


2
6

16
7
3
) y(x) = cos3 x cos 2 x + .
3
2
2

cosx =

y(x) = 16cos2x + sinx + 7sin2x = 0;


2sinxcosx(7 8cosx) = 0; sinx = 0; x = n, n Z;

+ n, n Z;
2
7
7
16 7 3 10
cosx = ; x = arccos + 2n, n Z; y(2n) = + = ;
8
8
3 2 2 3
16 7 3
22

7 3
y( + 2n) = + = ; y + n = + = 5 ;
3 2 2
3
2
2 2

cosx = 0; x =

3
2
3 617
16 7 7 7
7
; y(x) = 2 1 + =
.
2 192
8
3 8 2 8

22

: ymax = y + n = 5; ymin = y( + 2n) = .


3
2

cosx =

5.4.D06.

) y(x) =
y(x) =

21
21sin x + 29 91
sin x 7
+ .
2
2
4

21
7
2
21
cos x
cos x = 0 ;
2
2 21sin x + 29 2

21
2
cos x 1
= 0 ; cosx = 0; x = + n , n Z.

2
2
2 21sin x + 29
49
9
3
2
2
; sinx = = ;
= ; 21sinx + 29 =
21sin x + 29 7
2
42
14
21 + 29 91
7

21
y + 2n = 7
+ = ;
2
2
2
4
4

400

21
8 91 49
7

y + 2n = 7
+ =
14 = ;
2
2 4
4
4
2

3
sin x = ;
14
21 3
7 91
9 49 91
y ( x ) = 7 + = + = 4 .
2 14
2 4
4 2 4
7
3

: ymax = y + n = ; ymin = y (1) k +1 arcsin + k = 4 .


14
4

) y(x) =
y(x) =

15
15sin x + 17 55
sin x 5
+ .
2
2
4

15
5
2
15
cos x
cos x = 0;
2
2 15sin x + 17 2

2
cos x
=0;
5
15sin x + 17

25
cosx = 0; 15sinx + 17 =
;
2

x = + n, n Z.
2
9
3
sinx = = ;
30
10
3
x = (1)k+1arcsin + k, n Z;
10
55 85
5

15
y + 2n = 5 16 +
=
20 = ;
2
2
4
4
4

15
55 25
5

y + 2n = 5 +
=
5 = ;
2
4
4
4
2

3
15 3
5 55
9 25 55

y (1) k arcsin + k = 5 +
= + = 1 .
10
2
10
2
4
4 2
4

: ymax = y + n =

5
; ymin =
4

y (1) k arcsin + k = 1 .
10

5.4.D07.
) y(x) = 18 + 15x + 24(5 x)3 + 13sin(x 5).
y(x) = 13 72(5 x)2 + 13cos(x 5);
y(x) = 144(5 x) 13sin(x 5) = 0;
144(5 x) = 13sin(x 5);
.. 144(5 x) , 13sin(x 5)
, , x = 5.
y(5) = 13 + 13 = 26; : ymax = y(5) = 26.
) y(x) = 22 3x + 20(14 x)3 + 9sin(x 14).
y(x) = 3 60(14 x)2 + 9cos(x 14);

401

y(x) = 120(14 x) 9cos(x 14) = 0;


R , , x = 14
y(14) = 3 + 9 = 6; : ymax = y(14) = 6.
5.4.D08.
) y(x) = 18x3 + 7tgx 11x + 12. y = 54x2 +
.. x2 0,

7
11;
cos 2 x

7
7 min x = 0:
cos 2 x

y(0) = 11 + 7 = 4. : ymin = 4.
) y(x) = 5x3 + 18tgx + 7x 4. y(x) = 15x2 +

18
+ 7; .. 15x2 0;
cos 2 x

18
18 min x = 0: y(0) = 18 + 7 = 25.
cos 2 x

: ymin = 25.
5.4.D09.
) y(x) = 14x2 + 196x 5xcosx 35cosx + 5sinx + 4.
y(x) = 28x + 196 5cosx + 5xsinx + 35sinx + 5cosx = 0;
28x + 196 + 5sinx(x + 7) = 0;
(x + 7)(28 + 5sinx) = 0. : x = 7 .
) y(x) = 13x2 26x 5xcosx + 5cosx + 5sinx 1.
y(x) = 26x 26 5cosx + 5xsinx 5sinx + 5cosx = 0;
26(x 1) + 5sinx(x 1) = 0;
(x 1)(26 + 5sinx) = 0. : x = 1 .
5.4.D10.
) f(x)=3x+cos 6x3
f'(x)=36sin 6x=3(12sin 6x)
f'(x)=0, sin 6 x =

1
, f'(x) "+" "".
2

f'(x)=0 x =

,
36

, .. f'(x)
.
, x =

;
36

) f(x)=2x+cos 4x+2
f'(x)=24sin 4x=2(12sin 4x)
1
, ),
2

x =
, .
24

, x =
.
24

f'(x)=0 sin 4 x =

402

5.4.D11.
) f ( x) = 1 + 3 2 x sin 6 x

f '( x) = 3 2 6 cos x = 3 2 1 2 cos 6 x

f'(x)=0 cos 6 x =

1
2

, f'(x)=0

x=

,
24

, .
, x =

;
24

) f ( x) = 5 + 2 2 x sin 4 x
1

cos 4 x
f '( x) = 2 2 4 cos 4 x = 4
2

1
f'(x)=0 cos 4 x =
,
2

x = , ,
16

.
, x =

.
16

5.4.D12.

) g ( x) = 5
g '( x) =

11
cos 2 x 44 cos x 8 sin x 32 x
4

11
sin 2 x + 44 sin x 8 cos x 32 =
2

=11sin xcos x+44sin x8cos x32=(cos x+4)(11sin x8)=0


x = (41) n arcsin

8
+ n, n Z
11

n=1.
: arcsin

8
;
11

7
2

) g ( x) = 7 cos 2 x 63 cos x 2 sin x 9 x


g'(x)=7sin2x+63sin x2cos x9=14sin xcos x+63sin x2cos x9=
=(2cos x+9)(7sin x1)=0
1
x = (1)n arcsin + n, n Z n=1.
7
1
: arcsin .
7

5.

403

.
5.5.01.
) f(x) = 6x2ex + 12x ex 17xex 17ex + 11ex = ex(6x2 5x 6) = 0;

6x2 5x 6 = 0; D = 25 + 466 = 169 = 132; x =


: x =

5 132
.
12

3
2
;x= .
2
3

) f(x) = 8x2ex + 16xex 6xex + 3ex = ex(8x2 + 10x 3) = 0;


8x2 + 10x 3 = 0; D = 100 + 438 = 196 = 142; x =
3
2

: x = ; x =

10 142 10 14
=
.
16
16

1
.
4

5.5.02.
) f(x) = 7xex + 7ex 9ex = ex(7x 2) = 0;
2
;
7
2
f = (2 9)ex = 7e2/7; f(0) = 9e0 = 9;
7

x=

: fmin = f = 7e 7 ; fmax = f(0) = 9.


7
6
5

) f(x) = 5xex + 5ex 11ex = ex(6x 6) = 0; x = ;


6
f = 5e6/5; f(0) = 11e0 = 11.
5
6

: fmin = f = 5e6/5; fmax = f(0) = 11.


5
5.5.03.
) y(x) = x2ex + 2xex + xex + ex 131ex = ex(x2 + 3x 130) = 0.
x2 + 3x 130 = 0; D = 9 + 4130 = 529 = 232

x1 =

3 + 23
3 23
= 10, x2 =
= 13
2
2

+
13

10

: xmin = 10.
) y(x) = (x2 + 3x 39)ex.
y(x) = x2ex + 2xex + 3xex + 3ex 39ex = ex(x2 + 5x 36) = 0;
x2 + 5x 36 = 0;
D = 25 + 436 = 169 = 132
404

x1 =

5 + 13
5 13
= 4; x2 =
= 9
2
2
+

+
9

: xmax = 9.
5.5.04.
) y(x) = 8((2x 11)2 + 4)ex.
y(x) = 8(4x2ex 44xex + 125ex);
y(x) = 8(4x2ex+8xex44xex 44ex + 125ex) = 8ex(4x2 36x + 81) = 0;
4x2 36x + 81 = 0; (2x 9)2 = 0; y(x) = 8ex(2x 9) 0, x.
: x R.
) y(x) = 6((3x 5)2 + 9)ex.
y(x) = 6(9x2 30x + 25 + 9)ex;
y(x) = 6(9x2ex 30xex + 34ex);
y(x) = 6(9x2ex + 18xex 30xex 30ex + 34ex);
y(x) = 6(9x2 12x + 4)ex;
y(x) = 6ex(3x 2)2;
y(x) 0 x R.
: y(x) .
5.5.05.
1

) f(x) = 9x + 6x2 5, x ; 1 .
2
1

f(x) = 9xln9 + 12x > 0, x ; 1 ;


2
.. ,
x = 1;
f(1) = 10;
x =

1
;
2

f = 3 + 1,5 5 = 0,5.
2
.. , , 1 .
1
2

: min f ( x) = ; max f ( x) = 10 ; .
1
; 1
2

1
; 1
2

) f(x) = 8x + 3x2 8, x ; 1 . f(x) = 8xln8 + 6x > 0, x ; 1 ;


3
3
.. ,
x = 1;
f(1) = 3;
405

1
3

x = ;
1
2
1
f = 2 + 8 = 5 .
3
3
3

.. , , 1 .
2
3

: min f ( x) = 5 ; max f ( x) = 3 ; .
1
3 ; 1

1
3 ; 1

5.5.06.
) f(x)=3x+2x+2
f(x) , .. f'(x)=3xln3+2>0
f min = f (1) =

1
fmax=f(1)=7.
3

) f(x) = 2x + 5x + 1, x [3; 1].


f(x) = 2xln2 + 5 > 0.
.. ,
x = 1;
1
2

1
2

f(1) = 5 + 1 = 3 ;
x = 3;
1
8

7
8

f(3) = 15 + 1 = 13 .
7
8

1
2

: min f ( x) = 13 ; max f ( x) = 3 .
[ 3; 1]

[ 3; 1]

.
5.5.01.
) f(x) = ex + ex, x [ln4; ln2].
f(x) = ex ex = 0; e2x = 1; x = 0;
+

1
4

1
4
1
1
1
ln2
ln2
f(ln2) = e + e = 2 + + 2 . : fmax = 4 ; fmin = 2.
2
2
4

f(0) = 1 + 1 = 2; f(ln4) = eln4 + eln4 = + 4 = 4 ;

) f(x) = ex + ex, x [ln6; ln4]. f(x) = ex ex = 0; x = 0; f(0) = 2;


1
6

1
6

f(ln6) = eln6 + eln6 = + 6 = 6 ; f(ln4) = eln4 + eln4 = 4 +


1
6

: fmax = 6 ; fmin = 2.
5.5.02.
) f(x)=4x+4+242x+428xln 4+7

406

1
1
=4 .
4
4

f'(x)=4x+4ln4+242x+4ln228ln4=0
4x+4+122x+428=0
(2x+4)2+122x+428=0
(2x+4+14)(2x+42)=0
x=3.
: 3;
) f(x)=9x+3+163x+333xln98
f'(x)=9x+3ln9+163x+3ln333ln9=0
9x+3+83x+333=0
(3x+3)2+113x+333x+333=0
(3x+3+11)(3x+33)=0
x=2.
: 2.
5.5.03.
) f(x) = 76x+1 96x 33xln6.
f(x) = 76x+1ln6 96xln6 33ln6 = 0;
ln6(426x 96x 33) = 0;
6x(42 9) 33 = 0; 336x 33 = 0; 6x = 1; x = 0;
+

: x (; 0] ;
x [0; +) .
) f(x) = 113x+1 63x 81xln3.
f(x) = 113x+1ln3 63xln3 81ln3 = 0;
ln3(333x 63x 81) = 0;
3x27 81 = 0; 3x = 3; x = 1;

: x (; 1] ;
x [1; +) .
5.5.04.
) f(x)=5(x3)ex3+8
f'(x)=5ex35(x3)ex3=5ex3(x2)=0, x=2.
: 2;
) f(x)=4(x5)ex5
f'(x)=4ex5+4(x5)ex5=4(x4)ex5, x=4
: 4.
5.5.05.

) f(x) = 11 + 10x

10 x 5
.
ln10

407

f(x) = 10

10 x 5
ln10 = 0; 10 = 10x5; x 5 = 1; x = 6;
ln10

+
x

: x = 6 .
) f(x) = 17 + 3x
f(x) = 3

3x 5
.
ln 3

3x 5
ln3 = 0;
ln 3

3 = 3x5; x 5 = 1; x = 6;
+

: x = 6 .
5.5.06.

) f ( x) =
f(x) =

5x + 7
5 x 16 .
ln 5

5x + 7
ln5 5 = 0;
ln 5

5x+7 = 5; x + 7 = 1; x = 6;
+

: x = 6 .
) f ( x) =
f(x) =

11x 6
11x 6 .
ln11

11x 6
ln11 11 = 0;
ln11

11x6 = 11; x 6 = 1; x = 7;
+

: x = 7 .
5.5.07.
) f(x)=(4sin x4cos x+9)ex
f'(x)=ex(4sin x4cos x+9+4cos x+4sin x)=ex(8sin x+9)>0 x R
: f R;
) f(x)=(9sin x9cos x19)ex

408

f'(x)=(9sin x9cos x19+9cos x+9sin x)ex=(18sin x19)ex<0 x R


: f R.
5.5.08.
) f(x) = (2sinx + 2cosx 11)ex + 7.
f(x) = 2sinxex + 2cosxex + 2cosxex 2sinxex 11ex = 0;
(4cosx 11)ex = 0;
cosx =

11
;
4

.
f(x) < 0, x, .. 4cosx 11 < 0, x.
: x R.
) f(x) = (2sinx + 2cosx + 23)ex 12.
f(x) = 2sinxex + 2cosxex + 2cosxex 2sinxex + 23ex = 0;
(4cosx + 23)ex = 0;
cosx =

23
;
4

.
f(x) > 0, x.
: x R.
5.5.09.
) f(x)=(x3)2ex
f'(x)=(2x6+x26x+9)ex=(x24x+3)ex=(x3)(x1)ex x=1, x=3.
: (; 1], [3; +);
) f(x)=(x+2)2ex
f'(x)=(2x+4+x2+4x+4)ex=(x2+6x+8)ex=(x+2)(x+4)ex x=4, x=2.
: [4; 2].
5.5.10.
) f(x)=163x+6ln16316x+6ln3
f'(x)=163x+6ln3ln16316x+6ln16ln3=48ln3ln16(3x+516x+5)=0
3x+5=16x+5

3x + 5 = 3( x + 5)log3 16
x+5=(x+5)log316 x=5
f(5)=163ln16316ln3=48(ln16ln3)= 48 ln
: 48 ln

16
3

16
;
3

) f(x)=517x+9ln5175x+9ln17
f'(x)=517x+9ln17ln5175x+9ln17ln5=85ln17ln5(17x+85x+8)=0
17x+85x+8=0

5( x +8)log5 17 = 5 x +8
(x+8)(log5171)=0 x=8
f(8)=517ln5175ln17= 85 ln

5
17

409

: 85 ln

5
.
17

: , 5.5.B10 ) , ..
f , .
5.5.11.
) y(x) = 919x + 18xln19 + 7.
y(x) = 919xln19 + 18ln19 = 0;
19x = 2; x = log192;
+
x

log192

: x = log192 .
) y(x) = 723x 14xln23 12.
y(x) = 723xln23 14ln23 = 0;
723x = 14; x = log232;
+

log232

: x = log232 .
5.5.12.
) f(x) = e4x e4x + 4x 5; x [3; 5].
f(x) = 4e4x + 4e4x + 4 = 0; e4x = a, e4x =
4a +

1
;
a

4
+ 4 = 0 | a; 4a2 + 4a + 4 = 0; D = 16 444 < 0;
a

f(x) > 0.
.. ,
x = 5;
f(5) = e20 e20 + 20 5 = e20 e20 + 15.
x = 3;
f(3) = e12 e12 12 5 = e12 e12 17;
[3; 5].
: max f ( x) = e20 e20 + 5 ; min f ( x) = e12 e12 17 ,
[ 3;5]

[ 3;5]

[3; 5] .
) f(x) = e5x e5x + 2 + 1, x [1; 3].
f(x) = 5e5x + 5e5x + 2 > 0;
.. ,
x = 3; f(3) = e15 + 7 e15.
x = 1; f(1) = e5 e5 1, .
: min f ( x) = e5 e5 1 ; max f ( x) = e15 e15 + 7 ;
[ 1;3]

[ 1;3]

[-1; 3] .
410

.
5.5.01.
) f(x) = x e3x+2.
f(x) = 1 + e3x+2(3) = 0;

3e3x+2 = 1; e3x+2+ln3 = e0; x =


+

2 + ln 3
;
3

2 + ln 3
3

2 + ln 3

; + ;
3

: x

x ;

2 + ln 3
.
3

) f(x) = x + e5x+4. f(x) = 1 5e5x+4 = 0;


e5x+4+ln5 = e0; x =

4 + ln 5
;
5

4 + ln 5
5

4 + ln 5

; + ;
5

: x

x ;

4 + ln 5
.
5

5.5.02.
) f(x) = e34x + (4x + 3)e2.
f(x) = 4e34x + 4e2 = 0;

4e34x = 4e2; 3 4x = 2; x =

1
;
4

1
4

: x ; + ;
4

x ;

1
.
4

) f(x) = e23x + (3x 2)e3.


5
3

f(x) = 3e23x + 3e3 = 0; 2 3x = 3; x = ;


411

5
3

5
3

: x ; + ;

x ; .
3

5.5.03.

) y ( x) =
y(x) =

e3 x + 2 + 3 x + 3
.
x +1

(3e3 x + 2 + 3)( x + 1) (e3 x + 2 + 3x + 3)


= 0;
( x + 1) 2

3xe3x+2 + 3e3x+2 + 3x + 3 e3x+2 3x 3 = 0;


2
3

e3x+2(3x + 2) = 0; x = ;
+

2
3

y(x) < 0 x (; 1) 1; .
3

: (; 1) 1; .
3

) y ( x) =
y(x) =

e4 x + 3 3x 6
.
x+2

(4e 4 x + 3 3)( x + 2) (e 4 x + 3 3x 6)
= 0;
( x + 2) 2

4xe4x+3 + 8e4x+3 3x 6 e4x+3 + 3x + 6 = 0;


7
4

e4x+3(4x + 7) = 0; x = ;

7
4

y(x) < 0 x (; 2) 2; .
4
7

: (; 2) 2; .
4

5.5.04.

412

) f ( x) =

ex / 2
.
x 12
2

1 2 2
e ( x 12) e 2 2 x
f(x) = 2
= 0;
( x 2 12) 2
x
x
x
x
x2

x2 2
1
e 2 xe 2 6e 2 = 0 ; e 2 2 x 6 = 0 ; D = 4 + 4 6 = 16;
2
2
2

24
x1 =
= 2; x2 12 0; x 2 3 ; x 2 3 .
1
2+4
x2 =
= 6;
1

+
+
+
x
2
6
2 3
2 3

: x(; 2 3 )( 2 3 ;2][6; +);


x [2; 2 3 ) ( 2 3 ; 6].
ex / 3
.
x 27

) f ( x) =

1 3 2
e ( x 27) e 3 2 x
f(x) = 3
= 0;
( x 2 27) 2
x
x2

e 3 2 x 9 = 0 ;
3

1
D = 4 + 4 9 = 16;
3
2+4
x1 =
= 9; x2 27 0; x 3 3 .
2
3
24
x2 =
= 3;
2
3

3 3

3 3

+
9

: x (; 3 3 ]( 3 3 ;3][9; +);
x [3; 3 3 )( 3 3 ; 9].
5.5.05. ) f(x) = 3ex+9(cos(x ) + sin(x )).
f(x)=3ex+9(cos(x) sin(x ) + cos(x ) + sin(x )) = 6ex+9cosx = 0;
413

+ n, n Z. x = + 2n .
2
2

: x = + 2n .
2

cosx = 0; x =

) f(x) = 5ex2 cos x + sin x .


2
2

x2

f(x) = 5e (sinx cosx + cosx + sinx) = 0; sinx = 0;


x = n, n Z; x = + 2n . : x = + 2n.
5.5.06.

) f(x) = 5e2x cos x +

f(x)=5e

3
3

2 x
+ 5e sin x + .
2
2

2x

3
3
3
3

sin x + + cos x + cos x + sin x + =0;


2
2
2
2

sin x + = 0 ; x = + n , n Z.
2
2

x = + 2n .
2

: x = + 2n .
2

) f(x) = 5ex4(cos(x ) + 5ex4(sin(x )).


f(x) = 5ex4(cos(x ) sin(x ) sin(x + cos(x )) = 0;
sin(x ) = 0; x = n, n Z; x = 2n .
: x = 2n.
5.5.07.
) f(x) = 7e3x2(cos2x + sin2x).
f(x) = 7e3x2(3cos2x + 3sin2x + 2cos2x 2sin2x) = 0;
5cos2x = sin2x;
2x = arctg(5) + n, n Z;
n
.
2
arctg(5) n
:
+
.
2
2
1
2

x = arctg(5) +

) f(x) = 3e5x+2(cos3x + sin3x).


f(x) = 3e5x+2(5cos3x + 5sin3x 3sin3x + 3cos3x) = 0;
8cos3x = 2sin3x;
1
3

3x = arctg4 + n, n Z; x = arctg4 +
1
3

: arctg4 +
5.5.08.

414

n
.
3

n
.
3

2e8 x15
15
, : x
8
8 x 16
x2
8 x 15 16(8 x 15) 16
8 x 15
f '( x) = e

= 8 16e

2
2
(8 x 15)

(8 x 15)

) f ( x) =

15

, f'(x)0 x (, 2] \
f'(x)0 x [2, + ) .

5e9 x26
26
, x
9 x 26
9
9 x 26 9(9 x 26) 9
9 x 26 9( x 3)
f '( x) = 5e

= 45e

2
2
(9 x 26)
(9 x 26)

) f ( x) =

, f'(x)0 x [3, +)

f'(x)0 x ,

26 26
, 3
9 9

.. f(x) ,

26
26
, 3 , [3, +).
9
9

5.5.09.
ex
15
5 , x
15 + 14 x
14
15 + 14 x 14
14 x + 1 x
=
f '( x) = e x
e
2
+
+ 14 x) 2
15
14
15
(
)
(
x

) f ( x) =

f'(x)=0 x =

1
, "" "+",
14

, ;
ex
7
3 , x
7 20 x
20
7 20 x + 20 x
27 20 x x
f '( x) =
e =
e
(7 20 x)2
(7 20 x) 2

) f ( x) =

f'(x)=0 x =

27
, f'(x) "+" "", ,
20

.
5.5.10.
) f ( x) =

4e x + 5
4e x (5e x + 4) (4e x + 5) 5e x
. f(x) =
= 0;
x
5e + 4
(5e x + 4)2

20e2x + 16ex 20e2x 25ex = 9ex < 0.


: x R.
) f ( x) =

11e x + 6
11e x (6e x + 11) (11e x + 6) 6e x
. f(x) =
= 0;
x
(6e x + 11)2
6e + 11

66e2x + 121ex 66e2x 36ex = 85ex > 0.


415

: x R.
5.5.11.
) f(x) = (2x 1)e2x7 + e1.
f(x) = 2e2x7 2x2e2x7 2e2x7 = 0;
e2x7(4 4x) = 0; x = 1;

+
x

: x (; 1] ;
x [1; +) .
) f(x) = (3x 1) e3x5 + e4. f(x) = 3e3x5 + 3x3e3x5 3e3x5 = 0;
9xe3x5 = 0; x = 0;

: x (; 0] ;
x [0; +] .
5.5.12.
) f(x) = (4x2 5x)e5x2. f(x) = e5x2(20x2 + 25x + 8x 5) 0;
20x2 33x + 5 0;
33 689 33 + 689
;
.
40
40

33 689 33 + 689
;
.
40
40

) f(x) = (5x 4)2e4x5. f(x) = (10(5x 4) 4(5x 4)2)e4x5 0;


(5x 4)(10x + 8 5) 0; (5x + 4)(10x + 3) 0;

4
5

3
10

: x [0,8; 0,3]; : x ; ; + .
5
10
D.
5.5.D01.
1 3
x 4 x +5

1 3
x 4 x +5

2 3
x 8 x + 2

2 3
x 8 x + 2

. y(x) = (x2 4) 2 3
ln2 = 0;
) y(x) = 2 3
x = 2; .
) y(x) = 2 3
; y(x) = (2x2 8) 2 3
ln2 = 0
x = 2 .
5.5.D02.
416

) f(x) = 3 5 ( x + 3) 4 e x 1 .
4
5

f(x) = ( x + 3)
4
5

x+3

+5

1
5

5 ( x + 3)4 e x 1 = 0;

( x + 3)4 = 0 ;

4 + 5(x + 3) = 0; x = 3

4
.
5

x =3, , x =3 .
4
5

3 3 =

4
4
. : .
5
5

) f(x) = 7 2( x 3) 7 e x 5 . f(x) = e x 5 2( x 3) 7
6

1

12
( x 3) 7 = 0;

6
6
( x 3) 7 + ( x 3) 7 = 0 ; x 3 + = 0 ;
7
7
1
x = 2 .
7

x =3, , .
1
7

: 2 3 =

6
6
. : .
7
7

5.5.D03.
) f(x) = (x 6)12ex+5 4.
f(x) = ex+4((x 6)12+12(x 6)11) = 0;
(x 6)11(x 6 + 12) = 0;
+
+

x = 6.
: x = 6; x = 6 min; x = 6 max.
) f(x) = (x 4)8ex+3 5.
f(x) = ex+3((x 4)8 + 8(x 4)7) = 0;
(x 4)7((x 4) + 8) = 0;
+

x = 4.
: x = 4 min; x = 4 max.
5.5.D04.
) f(x) = (x 4)12e3x+2 5.
f(x) = e3x+2(3(x 4)12 + 12(x 4)11) 0;
417

(x 4)11(3x 4 + 4) 0;
+

x (; 0] [4; +) , x [0; 4] .
: : x (; 0] [4; +); : x [0; 4).
) f(x) = (x 10)10e5x6 + 1.
f(x) = e5x6(5(x 10)10 + 10(x 10)9) 0;
(x 10)9(x 10 + 2) 0;
+
+

x
10
8
x (; 8] [10; +) , x [8; 10] .
: : x (; 8] [10; +); : x [8; 10].
5.5.D05.
) f(x)=(x5)5(x10)10ex
f'(x)=5(x5)4(x10)10ex+10(x5)5(x10)9ex+ex(x5)5(x10)10=
=ex(x5)4(x10)9(5(x10)+10(x5)+(x5)(x10))=
=ex(x5)4(x10)9(15x100+x215x+50)=ex(x5)4(x10)9(x250)
f'(x) x=10, x = 50 .
;
) f(x)=(x10)10(x8)8ex
f'(x)=10(x10)9(x8)8ex+8(x8)7(x10)10ex+ex(x10)10(x8)8=
=(x10)9(x8)7ex(10(x8)+8(x10)+(x10)(x8))=
=(x10)9(x8)7ex(18x160+x218x+80)=(x10)9(x8)7ex(x280)
f'(x) x=8, x=10, x = 80 .
.
5.5.D06.
) y(x) = (x 3)ex 2. y(x) = ex(3 x + 1) = 0;

+
x
4
4 x = 0; x = 4.
: : x 4; : x 4
x = 4 ; f(4) = e4 2;
= R.
) y(x) = (x 5)ex 4.
y(x) = ex(5 x + 1) = 0;

6 x = 0; x = 6.
: = R; : x 6; : x 6;
418

x = 6 , f(6) = e6 4.
5.5.D07.
) y(x) = (x + 1)ex 2.
y(x) = ex(x + 2) = 0;
+

x + 2 = 0; x = -2.
: = R; : x 2; : x 2
x = 2 , f(2) = e2 2.
) y(x) = (x + 3)ex + 4.
y(x) = ex(x + 4) = 0;
+

x + 4 = 0; x = 4.
: = R; : x 4; : x 4
x = 4 , f(4) = e4 + 4.
5.5.D08.
) y(x) = (x2 + 4x + 5)ex 3.
y(x) = ex(2x + 4 x2 4x 5) 0;
x2 2x 1 0; (x + 1)2 0;
x = 1 y(x) .
= R.
; x = 1 .
: D(y) = (; ), x = 1 , , .
) y(x) = (x2 2x + 2)ex 1. y(x) = ex(2x 2 x2 + 2x 2) 0;
x2 4x + 4 0;
x = 2 2
y(x) , R, .
: D(y) = (; ), x = 2 , ,
.
5.5.D09.
2e 2 x
2e2 x (2 x 2 2 x)
x( x 1)
1

.
y

(x)
=
0;
0;
2
4
x
x
x4
+
+

x
1
0

) y(x) =

: x (0; 1] ; x (; 0) [1; +) ;
x = 1 , y(1) = 2e2 1;
R \ {0}.
) y(x) =

4e 2 x
4e 2 x (2 x 2 2 x)
x( x 1)
3 . y(x) =
0;
0;
2
x
x4
x4

419

: x (0; 1] ; x (; 0) [1; +) ;
= R \ {0};
x = 1 , y(1) = 4e2 3.
5.5.D10.
) f(x) = e3x+2 3x.
f(x) = 3e3x+2 3 0;
e3x+2 + 1 0 R.
f(x) = e3x+2 3x = e3

17 + 2

3 17 = f

( 17 ) ; , x =

17 .

: R; x = 17 .
) f(x) = e5x+3 + 4x.
f(x) R.
f(x) = e5x+3 + 4x = e5

5 +3

+4 5 = f

( 5 ) ; , x =

5.

: R, x = 5 .
5.5.D11.
) f(x) = e4x+5 4x3.
f(x) R.
f(x) = y4x+5 4x3 > e4ln2+5 4ln32 = f(ln2).
, x < ln2.
: R; x < ln2.
) f(x) = e2x+3 + 4x3.
f(x) R.
f(x) = e2x+3 + 4x3 < e2ln3+3 + 4ln33 = f(ln3).
, x < ln3.
: R; x < ln3.
5.5.D12.
) y(x) =

e 2 x + e 2 x
3.
2

R.
y(x) =

1
(2e2x 2e2x) = e2x e2x 0; e2x = e2x; 2x = 2x x = 0.
2

: : x 0; : x 0; x = 0 (min), f(0) = 2.
y(x) 2.

420

2
e4 x + e 4 x
) y(x) =
4 .
3

R.
1
3

y(x) = (4e4x 4e4x) = e4x e4x 0


: : x 0; : x 0; D(y) = (; +);

1
3

1
3

x = 0 , f(0) = 3 ; E ( f ) = 3 ; + .

1
3

6.
.
5.6.01.
1
3

1
9

5
2

) y ( x) = x3 5 x 2 + 25 x ln x x3 + x 2 25 x 2
1
1
y '( x) = ( x 2 10 x + 25) ln x + x 2 5 x + 25 x 2 + 5 x 25 =(x5)2lnx
3
3

y'(x)=0 x=1, x=5.


y'(x) "" "+" x=1, ;
4
3

4
9

) y ( x) = x3 6 x 2 + 9 x ln x x3 + 3x 2 9 x + 9
4
4
y '( x) = (4 x 2 12 x + 9) ln x + x 2 6 x + 9 x 2 + 6 x 9 =(2x3)2lnx
3
3
3
y'(x)=0 x = , 1.
2

421

y'(x) "" "+" x=1 .


5.6.02.
16

) y(x) = 13x 16lnx 7, 1; .


13
y(x) = 13

16
16
= 0; x > 0; 13x = 16; x = ;
x
3
+

16
3
16
16
1; y(x) , .. max y(x) = y(1); min y(x) = y .
13
3
y(1) = 13 16ln1 7 = 6;
16
16
16
y = 16 16 ln 7 = 9 16 ln .
13
13
13
16
16
: ymax = y(1) = 6; ymin = y = 9 16ln .
13
13
2

) y(x) = 5x 2lnx + 23, ; 1 .


5
y(x) = 5

2
2
= 0; x>0; x =
x
5
+

2
5
2
; 1 y(x) , .. max y(x) = y(1);
5
2
min y(x) = y .
5
2
2
2

y = 2 2ln + 13 = 15 2ln ; y(1) = 5 2ln1 + 13 = 18.
5
5
5
2

: ymax = y(1) = 18; ymin = y = 15 2ln .


5
5
5.6.03.
x2
27
12 x + 27 ln x + 15 . y(x) = x 12 +
= 0;
x
2
12 + 6
12 6
x2 12x + 27 = 0; D = 144 427 = 36; x1 =
= 9; x2 =
= 3;
2
2

) y ( x) =

+
3

: [3; 9] .
422

x2
18
19x + 18lnx 8. y(x) = x 19 + = 0;
2
x

) y(x) =

x2 19x + 18 = 0; x > 0; x1 = 1; x2 = 18;


+

+
1

18

: : (0; 1] [18; ].
5.6.04.
2
3

2
9

) y ( x) = x3 + 14 x 2 98 x ln x + x3 7 x 2 + 98 x 6 .
2
3

y(x) = 2x2lnx x3

1
1
1 2
+ 28xlnx + 14x2 98lnx 98x + x2 14x + 98 =
x
x
x 3

2x2lnx + 28xlnx 98lnx = lnx(2x2 + 28x 98) = 0;


ln x = 0
; x > 0;

2
2 x + 28 x 98 = 0

x = 1;
D = 282 4298 = 784 784 = 0; x =

28
= 7;
4

+
0

: x (0; 1]; x [1; +).


4 3
x + 12x2 48x 15.
3
4
y(x) = 12x2lnx + 4x2 48xlnx 24x + 48lnx + 48 3x2 + 24x 48 =
3

) y(x) = (4x3 24x2 + 48x)lnx

= (12x2 48x + 48)lnx = 0;

ln x = 0
; x > 0;
2
12 x 48 x + 48 = 0

x = 1; x = 2
+

x
1
2
0
: x [1; +);
x (0; 1].
5.6.05.
) y(x)=5x2lnx
2
, y(x) y'(x)0
x
2
5 1
2

.. 5 0, , x ( , 0 ) , +
2 x
x
5

y '( x) = 5

423

.. y(x) x (, 0) , + ;
5

) y(x)=4x3lnx
y '( x) = 4

3
, y(x)
x

y'(x)0 .. 4

3
3
0, 4
x
x

4 1
3
, x 0,
3 3
4

.. y(x) 0, .
4

5.6.06.
) y(x) = (18x2 89x)lnx 9x2 + 89x + 14.

y(x) = 18x2

1
1
+36lnx 89x 89lnx 18x + 89 = (36x 89) lnx = 0;
x
x

ln x = 0
36 x 89 = 0 ;

89
x = 1; x =
;
36
+

: xmin =

89
36

89
; xmax = 1.
36

) y(x) = (40x2 31x)lnx 20x2 + 31x + 13.


y(x) = 40x2

1
1
+ 80xlnx 31x 31lnx 40x + 31 = lnx(80x 31) = 0;
x
x

ln x = 0
80 x 31 = 0 ;

x = 1;
x=

31
;
80
+

31
80

: xmin = 1; xmax =

31
.
80

.
5.6.01.
) f(x) = x 5ln(x + 1), [0; 8].

424

f(x) = 1 5

1
= 0;
x +1

x + 1 = 5; x = 4;
+

x
4
f(4) = 4 5ln5;
f(0) = 0;
f(8) = 8 5ln9.
: fmin = f(4) = 4 5ln5;
fmax = f(0) = 0.
) f(x) = x 4ln(x + 3), [2; 6].

f(x) = 1

4
= 0; x + 3 = 4; x = 1;
x+3

f(1) = 1 4ln4;
f(2) = 2;
f(6) = 6 4ln9.
: fmin = f(1) = 1 4ln4; fmax = f(2) = 2.
5.6.02.
) f(x) = ln(x + 2) + ln(28 x).
f(x) =

1
1
= 0; D(f) = (2; 28);

x + 2 28 x

x + 2 = 28 x; 2x = 26; x = 13;
+
13

fmax = f(13) = ln(15) + ln(15) = 2ln15.


: 2ln15.
) f(x) = ln(x + 4) + ln(20 x).
f(x) =

1
1

= 0;
x + 4 20 x

x + 4 = 20 x; D(f)=(-4;20).
2x = 16; x = 8;
+
8

fmax = f(8) = ln12 + ln12 = 2ln12.


: 2ln12.
5.6.03.
) y(x)=4x2lnx+3xlnx2x23x+4, x>0
y'(x)=8xlnx+4x+3lnx+34x3=8xlnx+3lnx=lnx(8x+3)
425

3
8

x=1, x = , y(x) x>0.


y(1)=1;
) y(x)=2x2lnx+5xlnxx25x+7, x>0
y'(x)=4xlnx+2x+5lnx+52x5=lnx(4x+5)
y'(x)=0 x=1, x =

5
, y(x) x>0
4

x=1
y(1)=1.
5.6.04.
) y(x) = ln(x 5)
y(x) =

x
4.
3

1
1
= 0; x > 5;
x5 3

x 5 = 3; x = 8;
+
5

: x (5; 8]; x [8; +).


) y(x) = ln(x 3)
y(x) =

x
2.
4

1
1
= 0;
x3 4

x 3 = 4; x = 7;

x
3
7
: x (3; 7];
x [7; +)
5.6.05.
) f(x)=ln(x+2)+ln(x+3)1,5x3, x>2
f '( x) =

1
1
3 2( x + 2 + x + 3) 3( x + 2)( x + 3)
=
+
=
x+2 x+3 2
2( x + 2)( x + 3)

4 x + 10 3x 2 15 x 18
3x 2 + 11x + 8
(3x + 8)( x + 1)
=
=
2( x + 2)( x + 3)
2( x + 2)( x + 3)
2( x + 2)( x + 3)

, x>2 x=1;
) f(x)=ln(x3)+ln(x2)1,5x+10, x>2
f '( x) =

1
1
3 2( x 3 + x 2) 3( x 3)( x 2)
=
+
=
x3 x2 2
2( x 3)( x 2)

2 x 10 3x 2 + 15 x 18
3x 2 17 x + 28
(3x + 4)( x 7)
=
=
2( x 3)( x 2)
2( x 3)( x 2)
2( x 3)( x 2)

, x>2, x=7.
426

5.6.06.
19 11

) f(x)=ln(19x+2)+ln(1119x), x ,
2 19
f '( x) =

11 19 x 19 x 2
19
19

= 19
=
19 x + 2 11 19 x
(19 x + 2)(11 19 x)

38 x 9

(19 x + 2)(11 19 x)
9
x =
38

= 19

.. y'(x) "+" "", ;

9 16

) f(x)=ln(13x+9)+ln(1613x), x ,
13 13
f '( x) =

13x 16 + 13x + 9

13
13
(26 x 7)

= 13
= 13

13x + 9 16 13x
13
+
9
16

13
13
+
9
16

13
(
)(
)
(
)(
)
x
x
x
x

x =

7
26

.. f'(x) "+" "", .


5.6.07.
) f(x)=5+(x23)(ln(x23)
f'(x)=ln(x23)+1=ln(e(x23))
f'(x)=0 x 23 =

1
1
x = 23 +
e
e

, x=23+e ;
) f(x)=13+(x+22)ln(x+22)
f'(x)=ln(x+22)+1=ln(e(x+22))
f'(x)=0, x + 22 =

1
1
x = 22
e
e

1
e

, x = 22 .
5.6.08.
) y(x) = ln(x + 21) ln(x + 14) 9.

y(x) =

1
1

= 0;
x + 21 x + 14

x + 14 = x + 21;
;
y(x) < 0.
: x (14; +).
) y(x) = ln(x + 7) ln(x + 23) + 12.
y(x) =

1
1

= 0;
x + 7 x + 23

x + 7 = x + 23;
;

427

y(x) > 0
: x (7; +).
5.6.09.
) f(x)=ln(x8)21+21x+3, : x>8
f '( x) =

21
1

x9
+ 21 = 21
1 = 21

x 8
x 8
x 8

x=9, .
) f(x)=ln(x13)1313x+5, : x>13
f '( x) =

13
1

x 14
13 = 13
1 = 13

x 13
x 15
x 13

x=14, .
5.6.10.
) y(x) = ln(11x 10) ln(10x 11) + 11.
y(x) =

11
10
11

= 0; D(y)= ; +
11x 10 10 x 11
10

11(10x 11) 10(11x 10) = 0;


;
y(x) > 0;
11

; + .
10

: x

) y(x) = ln(9x 13) ln(13x 9) 2.


y(x) =

9
13

= 0;
9 x 13 13x 9
13

; + ;
9

9(13x 9) 13(9x 13) = 0; D ( y ) =


;
y(x) > 0.

13

; + .
9

: x
5.6.11.

) f(x) = x2 16x + 14lnx 3. f(x) = 2x 16 +


x2 8x + 7 = 0; x = 7; x = 1;
f(7) = 49 112 + 14ln7 3 = 66 + 14ln7;
f(1) = 1 16 3 = 18;
f(1) .
: 17. : 17.

14
= 0;
x

) f(x) = x2 13x + 11 lnx 8. f(x) = 2x 13 +


2x2 13x + 11 = 0; x1 = 1; x2 =
f(1) = 1 13 8 = 20;
428

11
;
2

11
= 0;
x

11
197
11
11 121 13 11
f =

+ 11ln 8 =
+ 11ln
2
4
2
2
4
2

f(1)
, 20 19.
: 19.
5.6.12.
1
) f(x) = 4x2 12ln(x + 0,5) + 2, ; 1 .
4
12
= 0;
f(x) = 8x
x + 0,5
8x2 + 4x 12 = 0; 2x2 + x 3 = 0;
3
D = 1 + 24 = 25; x1 = ; x2 = 1;
2
3
3
f(1) = 4 12 ln + 2 = 6 12 ln ;
2
2
1
1
1
1 1
f = 12ln + 2 = 2 12ln .
4
4
4
4 4
1

: fmax = f = 12ln ;
4
4 4
3
2

fmin = f(1) = 6 12 ln .
1

) f(x) = 7x2 21 ln(x + 0,5) 2, ; 1 .


4
f(x) = 14x

21
= 0;
x + 0,5
3
2

14x2 + 7x 21 = 0; 2x2 + x 3 = 0; x = ; x = 1;
3
2

3
2

f(1) = 7 21 ln 2 = 5 21 ln ;
1
9
1
1 7
f = 21ln 2 = 1 21ln ;
4
16
4
4 16
1

: fmax = f = 1 21ln ; fmin = f(1) = 5 21 ln .


16
4
2
4
.
5.6.01. ) f(x) = 2(x 3)ln(x 3) [3 + e2; 3 + e3].
f(x) = 2ln(x 3) + 2 = 0;
x 3 = e1;
x = 3 + e1;
f(3 + e1) = 2(e1)lne1 = 2e1;
f(3 + e2) = 4e2;
429

f(3 + e3) = 6 e3;


: fmax = f(3 + e3) = 6e3; fmin = f(3 + e1) = 2e1.
) f(x) = 3(x 3)ln(x 3) [3 e2; 3 e5].
f(x) = 3ln(x 3) + 3 = 0;
x = 3 + e1;
f(3 + e1) = 3e1;
f(3 + e2) = 6e2;
f(3 + e5) = 15e5; : fmax = f(3 + e5) = 15e5; fmin = f(3 + e1) = 3e1.
8
5

5.6.02. ) f(x) = (8x + 5)ln(8x + 5) + .

: x >

5
8

f(x) = 8ln(8x + 5) + 8 0;
ln(8x + 5) 1;
8x e1 5
1
8

5
8

x e1 .
1
8

: x e1

5
5
5 1
; x ; e1 .
8
8
8 8
5
6

) f(x) = (5x 6)ln(5x 6) .


f(x) = 5ln(5x 6) + 5 0;
6
1
6
; 5 x 6 e1 ; x e1 + .
5
5
5
1
6
6
6 1
: x e1 + ; x ; e1 + .
5
5
5
5 5

: x >

5.6.03. ) f(x) = 6ln(3x + 1) + ln(4 x). : x ; 4 ;


3

f(x) =

18
1
18 x 72 + 3x + 1
21x 71
0;
0;
+
0;
(3x + 1)( x 4)
(3x + 1)( x 4)
3x + 1 x 4

x
4
71
21
1 71
71
: x ; ; x ; 4 .
3 21
21

) f(x) = 5ln(2x 3) + 2ln(6 x).


3
2

: x ; 6 ; f(x) =

3
2

430

10
2
10 x 60 + 4 x 6
14 x 66
+
=
0;
;
2x 3 x 6
(2 x 3)( x 6)
(2 x 3)( x 6)

33
7

3 33
33
; x 7 ; 6 .
2
7

1
1
2
5.6.04. ) f(x) = x + ln(1 2x) + ln5. f(x) = +
0; : 1 2x > 0;
4
4 2x 1
2x 1 + 8
2x + 7
0;
0;
(2 x 1)
2x 1

: x ;

7
2

1
2

7 1

: x ; ; x ; .
2

2 2
3
5

3
5

) f(x) = x + ln(5 2x) ln8. f(x) = +

2
6 x 15 + 10
6x 5
=
0;
0;
2x 5
5(2 x 5)
2x 5

: 5 2x > 0;

5
6

5
2

: x ;

5
5 5
; x ; .
6
6 2

5.6.05. ) f(x) = 3x 40ln(3x + 20) + 8. : 3x + 20 > 0;

f(x) = 3

120
9 x + 60 120
3x 20
=
0;
0;
3x + 20
3x + 20
3x + 20

+
x

20
3

20

: x

20
20 20
; x ;
.
3
3 3

) f(x) = 11x 18ln(11x + 9) + 10. : 11x + 9 > 0;


f(x) = 11

18 11 11(11x + 9) 18 11
11x 9
=
0;
0;
11x + 9
11x + 9
11x + 9

9
11

: x

9
11

9
9 9
; x ; .
11
11 11

5.6.06. ) f(x) = 17x 8ln(17x + 4) 8. : 17x + 14 > 0;

f(x) = 17

8 17
17(17 x + 4) 8 17
17 x 4
0;
=
0;
17 x + 4
17 x + 4
17 x + 4

431

+
x

4
17

17

: x

4
4 4
; x ; .
17
17 17

) f(x) = 13x 6ln(13x + 3) 2; : 13x + 3 > 0;


f(x) = 13

6 13
13 x 3
0;
0;
13x + 3
13 x + 3

+
x

3
13

3
13

3 3

: x ; , x ; + .
13 13
13

5.6.07. ) f(x) = 9x2 75x + 50lnx + 8. : x > 0;


f(x) = 18x 75 +
5
6

x1 = ; x2 =

50
0; 18x2 75x + 50 0; D = 5625 3600 = 452;
x

10
;
3
+

5
6

: x 0;

10
3

5 10

; + ;

6 3

5 10
.
6 3

x ;

) f(x) = x2 25x + 33lnx 5. : x > 0;


f(x) = 2x 25 +

33
0;
x

2x2 25x + 33 0; D = 625 264 = 192; x1 =

: x 0;
3
2

3
; x2 = 11
2

3
[11; + ) ;
2

x ; 11 .
5.6.08. ) f(x) = x2 3x

f(x) = 2x 3

432

1
1
ln(2x + 1)5 + ln3. : 2x + 1 > 0; x > ;
2
2

5
4 x2 4 x 8
( x 2)( x + 1)
= 0;
=0;
=
2x +1
2x +1
2x + 1

+
1

1
2

: x 2 ; x ; 2 .
2
3
1
1
ln(2x 1)7 + ln7. : x > ; x > ;
2
2
3
2
21
4 x + 4 x 24
( x 3)( x + 2)
=
f(x) = 2x + 3
= 0;
=0;
2x 1
2x 1
2x 1

) f(x) = x2 + 3x

1
2

: x 3 ; x ; 3 .
2
5.6.09. ) f(x) = 5x ln
x>

1
. : 3x 1 > 0;
3x 1

1
;
3

f(x) = 5 +

3
8 15 x
= 0;
=
3x 1 3x 1
+

8
15

1
3

: x ; ; x .
15
3 15
1
9

) f(x) = x ln(3x + 2). : 3x + 2 > 0; x >


1
9

f(x) =
+

3
3x 25
=
= 0;
3 x + 2 9(3 x + 2)
+

2
;
3

25
3

: x

25
2 25
; x ;
.
3
3 3

4
20 x + 2
=
= 0;
f(x) = 5
6
6
4x +
4x +
5
5

5.6.10. ) f(x) = 5x ln 4 x + + ln4. : 4 x + > 0 ; x > ;


5
10
5

433

3
10

1
10

: x

1
1
3
; x ; .
10
10
10

2
x ln( x + 5) + ln 7 . : x > 5;
7
2
1
2x + 3
f ( x) =
=
= 0;
7 x + 5 7( x + 5)
+

+
x
5
3

2
3
3

: x ; x 5; .
2
2

) f ( x) =

x2
16x + 207 ln(x + 16) + 10.
2
207
= 0;
f(x) = x 16 +
x + 16
x 2 49
;
f ( x) =
x + 16

5.6.11. ) f(x) =

x2 = 49; x = 7 .

+
+

x
16
7
7
: x = 7 min; x = 7 max.
x2
288
17x + 288ln(x + 17) + 10. f(x) = x 17 +
;
x + 17
2
x 2 17 2 + 288 x 2 1
f ( x) =
=
=0;
x + 17
x + 17

) f(x) =

x2 = 1;
x = 1 .
+

17

: x = 1 max; x = 1 min.
5.6.12. ) f(x) = 20 x lnx7 + 1. f(x) =
10 x 7 x = 0 ; x (10 x 7) = 0 ;
7
x=
;
10
49
49
x=
. : x =
.
100
100

434

10

7
= 0; : x > 0;
x

) f(x) = 18 x lnx5 + 7. f(x) =


x=

5
= 0;
x

x 9 x 5 = 0 ;

5
25
25
; x=
. : x =
.
9
81
81

D.
5.6.D01. ) f(x)=2(x12)2ln(x12)28(x12)ln(x12)+(x12)2
f'(x)=4(x12)ln(x12)+2(x12)28ln(x12)28+2(x12)=4xln(x12)76ln(x
12)+4(x12)28=4xln(x12)76ln(x12)+4x76=(4x76)(ln(x12)+1)=0

x1=19, x2 = 12 +
2

1
e

: 19;

) f(x)=2(x10) ln(x10)24(x10)ln(x10)+(x10)2
f'(x)=4(x10)ln(x10)+2(x10)24ln(x10)24+2(x10)=
=4xln(x10)64ln(x10)+4x64=(4x64)(ln(x10)+1)=0
: 16.
x1=16 x2=10+e.
5.6.D02. ) f(x)=(x2)4ln(x2)5+7=5(x2)4ln(x2)+7
f'(x)=20(x2)3ln(x2)+5(x2)3=(x2)3(20ln(x2)+5)=0
1

( x 2)3 ln( x 2) + = 0
4

1
x1=2 x2 = 2 + 4
e

: 2; 2 +

1
4

) f(x)=(x9)10ln(x9)215=21(x9)10ln(x9)
f'(x)=210(x9)9ln(x9)+21(x9)9=21(x9)9(10ln(x9)+1)=0
1

( x 9)9 ln( x 9) + = 0
10

1
x1=9 x2 = 9 + 10
e

: 9, 9 + 10

5.6.D03. ) f(x) = 7 + 20ln2(3x + 2). : x >

2
;
3

1
3 = 0;
3x + 2
1
1
ln(3x + 2) = 0; 3x + 2 = 1; x = ; f = 7 = fmin.
3
3
: min f ( x) = 7 .

f(x) = 40ln(3x + 2)

; +
3

) f(x) = 3 + 7ln2(7x + 8). : x >

8
;
7

.. 7ln2(7x + 8) 0 fmin = 3. : min f ( x) = 3 .


8

; +
7

5.6.D04. ) f(x) = 8 9ln2(x + 9). : x > 9;


.. 9ln2(x + 9) 0 fmax = 8. : max f ( x) = 9 .
( 9; + )

) f(x) = 9 8ln2(x + 8).


435

.. 8ln2(x + 8) 0, max ln2(x + 8) = 0 fmax = 9.


1
3

1
9

5.6.D05. ) f(x) = x3 + 6 x 2 + 35 x ln x x3 + 3x 2 35 x 4 .
1
3

1
3

f(x) = (x2 + 12x + 35)lnx + x2 + 6x + 35 x2 + 6x 35 = 0;


(x + 7)(x + 5)lnx + 12x = 0;
.
, x1

3
.
4

x (0; x1] , x x1 .
1
3

1
9

9
2

) f(x) = x3 + 9 x 2 + 80 x ln x x3 + x 2 80 x + 8 .
x1 0,85 ( ) .
x (0; x1] , x x1 .
5.6.D06. ) y(x) = 2xln2(3x) 3.
: x > 0.
y(x) = 2ln23x + 12xln3x

1
0;
3x

ln23x + 2ln3x 0;
ln3x(ln3x + 2) 0;
ln 3 x 0
ln 3 x 2 ;

x 3

;
x 1 e2

: x 0;

1 2 1
1

1
e ; + ; x e2 ; .
3 3
3
3

1
8
1
2
x = e2 max; f e 2 = e2 4 3 = e2 3 ;
3
3
3
3

x=

1
1
min; f = 3 .
3
3

) y(x) =4xln24x 1.
: x > 0;
y(x) = 4ln24x + 8xln4x
ln 4 x 2
ln 4 x 0 ;

436

4
= 4ln24x + 8xln4x 0;
4x

1 2
e
4
;
1
4

: : x 0;

1 2 1
1

1
e ; + ; : x e2 ; ;
4 4
4
4

x=

1 2
1

e max; f e2 = e2 4 1
4
4

x=

1
1
min; f = 1 .
4
4

5.6.D07. ) y(x) = x2ln2x + 4. : x > 0;


y(x) = 2xln2x + x 0;
x(2ln2x + 1) 0;
2ln2x + 1 = 0;
1
2

x= e

1
2

.
1
2

: : x e
x=

1
2

; : x 0;

1
1 2
e ;
2

1
1 1 1
1 2
1
1
e min; f e 2 = e 1 + 4 = e1 + 4 .
2
4
2
8
2

) y(x) = 2x2ln4x 2. : x > 0;


y(x) = 4xln4x + 2x 0;
x(2ln4x + 1) 0;
2ln4x + 1 = 0;
1
4

x= e

1
2

.
1
4

: : x e

: x 0;

1
2

1
1 2
e ;
4

x=

1 2
e ;
4

1 1 1
1
1
f e 2 = e1 2 = e1 2 .
4
8
2
16

5.6.D08. ) y(x) = 2 x ln 4 x 4 . : x > 0;


y( x) =

ln 4 x

2 x ln 4 x + 2
1
=
0 ; ln 4 x 2 ; x e2 .
x
4
x
1
4

: x e2 ; x 0;
x=

1 2
e
;
4

1 2
1

1
e ; f e2 = e1 4 = 2e1 4 .
4
4

437

) y(x) = 2 x ln 2 x + 2 . : x > 0;
y( x) =

ln 2 x

ln2x 2; x

0;

1 2
e .
2

: : x

1 2
1
e ; : x 0; e2 ;
2
2

1 2
2 1
1

e ; f e2 = 2
e (2) + 2 = 2 2e1 + 2 .
2
2
2

3
11
5.6.D09. ) f(x) = x2 2x + ln(2x + 5)4.
2
6
5 5

D(f) = ; ; + ;
2 2

x=

f(x) = 3x 2 +

11 4(2 x + 5)3 2
44

= 3x 2 +
0;
4
6
3(2 x + 5)
(2 x + 5)

7
2

x + x +
18 x 2 + 33 x + 14
6
3

0;
0;
2x + 5
2x + 5

5
2

7
6

2
3

: : x ; ; + ;
2 6
3

5 7 2

: x ; ; .
2 6 3

3 2
4
) f(x) = x 4x + ln(3x + 5)2.
2
3
4 2(3x + 5) 2
8
f(x) = 3x 4 +
= 3x 4 +
0;
3 (3 x + 5) 2
(3x + 5)
8

x + ( x 1)
3x 2 + x 4
6

0;
0;
3x + 5
3x + 5

+
+

5
3

4
3
5

: : x ; [1; + ) ;
3 3

438

: x ; ; 1 .
3
3

5.6.D10.
5 2
51
1 1

x + 3 x ln(2 x 1) 2 . D ( f ) = ; ; + .
2
20
2
2

51 2(2 x 1) 2
51
5(5 x + 3)(2 x 1) 51
=
=
f ( x) = 5 x + 3
= 5x + 3
5(2 x 1)
20 (2 x 1)2
5(2 x 1)

) f ( x) =

50 x 2 + 5 x 66 (5 x + 6)(10 x 11)
6
11
=
=0. x = ; x =
.
5
10
10 x 5
10 x 5

+
+
x
6
1
11

5
2
10
6
1 11

: f(x) ; ; + ;
5
2 10

1 11

f(x) ; ; .
5 2 10

) f(x) =

1 2
x 3x 7ln(x 4)6.
2

D(f) = (; 4) (4; +).


f ( x) =

x 2 30 7 x ( x + 3)( x 10)
.
=
x4
x4

x = 3; x = 10.

+
10

: f(x) [3; 4) [10; +);


f(x) (; 3] (4; 10].

439

5.6.D11.
) f(x) = 5ln(3 + 4x2) 0,5x2.
1
f(x) = =a2 x = 0;
a
37
; x = 0;
2

40x 3x 4x3 = 0; 4x3 37x = 0; x =


x = 0 ;
x=

37
.
2

) f(x) = 8ln(1 + 3x2) x2. f(x) =

48 x
2x = 0;
1 + 3x 2

48x 2x 6x3 = 0; x(46 6x2) = 0; x = 0; x =


+

23
;
3

0
23
23
3
3
: x = 0 ;
23
x=
.
3
5.6.D12. ) y(x) = 4xln4x2 1.
: x 0;
4 x 8x
y(x) = 4ln4x2 +
= 4ln4x2 + 8 0; ln4x2 = 2;
4 x2
1 1

x = 2 e ;

x = 1 e1.

1
x = e1
2

+
x

1 1
e
2

x ; e1 e 1; + ;
2
2
1

x e 1;0 0; e1 .
2
2
1
1
x = e1 ; y e1 = 2e1(2) 1 = 4e1 1.
2
2
x=

440

1 1
1
e ; y e1 = 2e1(2) 1 = 4e1 1.
2
2

) y(x) = 3xln2x2 + 2. : x 0
y(x) = 3ln2x2 + 3x

4x
= 3ln2x2 + 6 = 0;
2x2

ln2x2 = 0
x2 =
+

1 2
e ;
2

e 1

+
x

e 1

e1
e1; + ;
x ;

2
2

x=
x=

2 1
2 1
e ;
e .
2
2

; f

e1

e1

1 3
1

ln 2
=
+2 =
2e
2e 2e 2

6
2 e

+2.

; f
ln 2
+2 .
=
+2 =
2
2e 2e 2
2e
2
6.
1.

x + 7 y = 2

.
6.1.D01. ) 3x + y = a

2
5
11
3
x
+
y
=
a
+
a

x = 2 7 y

;
6 20 y = a

2
10
24
y
a
3
a

=
+

6a

y = 20

;
x = 2 7 y

6a
2
10 6
= a + 3a

50 36 + 6a = 5a2 + 15a; 5a2 + 9a 14 = 0; D = 81 + 20 14 = 361 = (19)2;


9 19
1
1
; 1 = 1; 2 = 2,8; y1 = ; 1 = ; ;
10
4
4
11
27
1
27
11
y2 = ; 1 = ; : a1 = 1 = y = ; = 2, 8 = ; y = .
25
25
4
27
25
6a

y = 15
x = 3 8y
x + 8 y = 3

. 6 15 y = a
; x = 3 8y
;
) 2 x + y = a

2
2
5 x + 16 y = a + 6a 15 24 y = a + 6a 15 8 6 a = a 2 + 6a

5
a1,2 =

75 48 + 8a = 5a2 + 30a; 5a2 + 22a 27 = 0;


a1,2 =

D
= 121 + 27 5 = 256;
4

11 16
27
; a1 = 1; a2 = ;
5
5

441

1
3

1
3

19
152
77
; x2 = 3
;
=
25
25
25
1
27
77
19
: a = 1, y = = x ; a = , x = , y =
.
3
25
25
25
2
2
2
2
2
y + x 2ax 36 a y + ( x a) 36
.
;
6.1.D02. )

2
( x + 2) 36
x [ 8; 4]

y1 = ; x1 = ; y2 =

y2 + (x a)2 36 (a; 0) 6.
.. S = 36, , S = 18. ..
, .. x [8; 4], a = 4, a = 8.
: a = 4; a = 8.
y 2 + x 2 2ax 4 a 2

( x + 1) 25

2
2
y + ( x a) 4
;
x [ 6; 4]

y + (x a)2 4 (a; 0) 2, .. S=4,


, S = 2 , .. x [6; 4],
a = 6, a = 4.
: a = 6, a = 4.
6.1.D03. ) (x 6a)2 + (x 2a)2 = 128,
x2 8ax + 20a2 64 = 0;

D
= 16a2 20a2 + 64 = 64 4a2; x1,2= 4a 2 16 a 2 ;
4

x1,2 x = 12
a = 3, x1 = 12 2 7 , x2 = 12 + 2 7 .
: a = 3.
) (x 2a)2 + (x 4a)2 = 242.
x2 6ax + 10a2 121 = 0;

D
= 9a2 10a2 + 121 = 121 a2;
4

x1,2 = 3a 121 a 2 ;
x1,2 x = 3
a = 1, x1 = 3 120 , x2 = 3 + 120 . : a = 1.
6.1.D04. ) bx2 3x + 1 = 0. D = 9 4b.
: D > 0, 9 4b > 0, b <
2

3

9 4
2
2
(x1 x2) = (x1 + x2) 4x1x2 = 2 , ..
b b
9 4b 2
b = 8b 7 ;
9 4b

: (x1 + x2)2 = ; x1x2 = ;


6
6

b2 8b + 7 = 0; b1 = 7; b2 = 1.

b <
442

9
b = 1. : b = 1.
4

9
;
4

) bx2 + 3x + 5 = 0. D = 9 20b;
:
(x1 + x2)2 =

9
5
; x1x2 = ;
b
b2

(x1 x2)2 = (x1 + x2)2 4x1x2 =

9 20

;
b2 b

9 20b 2
b = 5b + 6 ;
9 20b

b2 5b 6 = 0; b1 = 6; b2 = 1; : b1 = 1; b2 = 6.
6.1.D05. ) x2 (14a 9)x + 49a2 63a + 20 = 0.
14a 9 1
;
2
13
13
: x2 = 7a 4 < 9; a < ; : a < .
7
7

D = 196a2 252a + 81 80 196a2 + 252a = 1; x1,2 =

) x2 (14a 3)x + 49a2 21a + 2 = 0.


D = 196a2 84a + 9 196a2 + 84a 8 = 1;
: x2 =

14a 3 + 1
= 7a 1 < 8;
2

7a < 7, a < 1. : a < 1.


6.1.D06.
) x2 (20a 3)x + 100a2 30a = 0.
D = 400a2 + 9 120a 400a2 + 120a = 9;
x2 20a 3 + 3
=
=6;
x1 20a 3 3

20a = 120a 36; 100a = 36; a = 0,36.


: a= 0,36.
) x2 (8a 7)x + 16a2 28a = 0.
D = 64a2 112a + 49 64a2 + 112a = 49;
x2 8a 7 + 7
=
= 10 ;
x1 8a 7 7

8a = 80a 140; 72a = 140; a =


: a =

35
.
18

35
.
18

6.1.D07.
a) 9(3x 1)a2 (21x 19)a + 2(x 1) = 0.
x(27a2 21a + 2) = 2 19a + 9a2;
27a2 21a + 2 = 0;
D = 441 216 = 225;
a1,2 =

21 15
1
2
; a1 = ; a2 = ;
54
9
3

9a2 19a + 2 = 0;
D = 361 72 = 289;

443

19 17
1
; a1 = ; a2 = 2;
18
9
1
: a = ;
9
2
a = ;
3
1
2
a , a .
9
3
a1,2 =

) 2(4x 1)a2 (14x 11)a + 5(x 1) = 0.


x(8a2 14a + 5) = 2a2 11a + 5;
8a2 14a + 5 = 0;
D
5
1
= 49 40 = 9; a1 = , a2 = ;
4
2
4

2a2 11a + 5 = 0; D = 121 40 = 81; a1 = 5, a2 =


: a =

1
;
2

1
;
2

5
;
4
1
5
a , a .
2
4

a=

6.1.D08.
) |4x + 9a + 5| = |10x + 8a 3|.
a
6

1) 4x + 9a + 5 = 10x + 8a 3; 6x = a + 8; x = +

4
;
3
1 17 a
.
7 14

2) 4x + 9a + 5 = 10x 8a + 3; 14x = 2 17a; x =

x = 5, 5.
1 a 4 1 17 a
+
=5;
2 6 3 7 14
a 17a 25

+
= 10 ;
6 14 21

22a + 25 = 210;
a=

185
;
22

: a =

185
.
22

) |10x + 7a 5| = |3x + 2a 1|.


1) 10x + 7a 5 = 3x + 2a 1;
7x = 4 5a;
x=

444

4 5a
;
7

2) 10x + 7a 5 = 1 2a 3x;
13x = 9a + 6;
9a + 6
;
13

x=

x = 7,
7.
1 9a + 6 4 5a
+

= 7 ;
2 13
7
63a + 42 + 52 65a
= 14 ;
91

128a = 1368;
a=

171
.
16

: a =

171
.
16

6.1.D09.
2
2
(2a 7 a ) x 25 y = 2a 9a 50
.
6 x 5 y + 3 = 0

5 y = 6 x + 3
;

2
2
x(2a 7 a ) 30 x 15 = 2a 9a 50

x(2a2 7a 30) = 2a2 9a 35;


2a2 7a 30 = 0;
5
2

D = 49 + 240 = 289; a1 = ; a2 = 6;
2a2 9a 35 = 0;

5
2

D = 81 + 280 = 361; a1 = ; a2 =
: a =

28
;
4

5
.
2

5
2

: a = .
)
(5a 2 27a ) x + 16 y = 5a 2 32a + 6
.

5 x 8 y 3 = 0

x(5a2 27a + 10) = 5a2 32a + 12;


5a2 27a + 10 = 0;
D = 729 200 = 529; a1 = 0,6; a2 = 5;
5a2 32a + 12 = 0;
D = 1024 240 = 784; a1 = 0,4; a2 = 6;
: a = 0,4 .
: a = 0,4.
445

6.1.D10. ) x2 + 3x + 7a 21 = 0 2 + 6 + 5 6 = 0.
D = 93 28a;
x1,2 =

3 93 28a
;
2

x2 + 6x + 5a 6 = 0;

D
=15 5a; x1,2 = 3 15 5a ;
4

1) 3 93 28a = 6

15 5a 2 ;

2 15 5a + 3 = 93 28a ;
3 15 5a = 6 2a ; 4a2 + 21a 99 = 0;
33
a1 = 3; a2 = .
4

2) 3 93 28a = 6 +

15 5a 2 ;

2 15 5a 3 = 93 28a ;
3 15 5a = 2a 6 ;
33
a1 = 3; a2 = .
4

3) 3 + 93 28a = 6 +

15 5a 2 ;

102 28a + 6 93 28a = (15 5a) 4;


6 93 28a = 42 + 8a ;
, .. a 3;

4) 3 + 93 28a = 6
3 + 93 28a =

15 5a 2 ;

15 5a 2 ;

.
: a1 =

33
; a2 = 3.
4

) x2 + 4x 3a + 7 = 0 x2 + 7x 5a + 15 = 0.
D
= 4 + 3a 7 = 3a 3;
4

x1,2 = 2 3a 3 ;
x2 + 7x 5a + 15 = 0;
D = 49 60 + 20a = 20a 11;
x1,2 =

7 20a 11
2
;

1) 4 2 3a 3 = 7 20a 11 .
3 + 20a 11 = 2 3a 3 ;

446

9 + 20a 11 + 6 20a 11 = 12a 12 ;


6 20a 11 = 8a 10 ;

, .. a

11
.
20

2) 4 2 3a 3 = 7 + 20a 11 .
9 = 12a 12 + 20a 11 + 4 3a 3 20a 11 ;

32 32a = 4 60a 2 93a + 33 = 12a 12 ;

4a2 35a + 31 = 0;

D = 1225 496 = 729; a =

35 27
31
; a1 = 1; a2 =
;
8
4

3) 4 + 2 3a 3 = 7 + 20a 11 .
9 + 12a 12 + 12 3a 3 = 20a 11 ;

12 3a 3 = 8a 8 ;

27a 27 = 4a2 8a + 4;
4a2 35a + 31 = 0;
.
4) 4 + 2 3a 3 = 7 20a 11 ;
, .. 0.
31
.
4
x + 5 y = 5
.
6.1.D11. )
2
2
( x + 8 y ) 12ax 96ay + 45a + 66a + 121 = 0

: a1 = 1, a2 =

x = 5y 5;
9y2 30y + 25 + 60ay + 60a 96ay + 45a2 + 66a + 121 = 0;
9y2 6y(5 + 6a) + 45a2 + 126a + 146 = 0;
(3y 5 6a)2 + 9a2 + 66a + 121 = 0;
9a2 + 66a + 181 = 0;

D
33
11
= 1089 1089 = 0; a =
= ;
4
9
3

11
.
3
x 2 y = 5
.
)
2
2
( x + 2 y ) 18ax 36ay + 85a + 20a + 25 = 0

: a =

x = 5 + 2 y
;

2
2
16 y + 40 y + 25 90a 36ay 36ay + 85a + 20a + 25 = 0

16y2 + 8y(5 9a) + 85a2 70a + 50 = 0;

D
D
= 4a 2 + 20a + 25 ;
=0;
4
4
5
5
. : a = .
4a2 + 20a + 25 = 0; a =
2
2

447

6.1.D12. ) x2 + 6x + a2 = x2 ax + 36.
x(6 + a) = 36 a2, .. a 6;
x = 6 a > a2;
a2 + a 6 < 0;
a (3; 2). : a (3; 2).
) x2 + 8x + 4a2 = x2 + 2ax + 64.
x(8 2a) = 64 4a2, .. a 4;
x = 8 + 2a a2;
a2 2a 8 0;
a (; 2] [4; +);
a 4 a (; 2] (4; +). : a (; 2] (4; +).
2.
7
7a
. : x 0, x 8;
=
x
x2 + 8x

6.2.D01. )

7x = 7ax2 + 56xa;
ax2 + 8xa x = 0;
1 8a
>0;
a
1
a 0; .
8
x=

: a 0; .
8
)

8
4a
.
=
x
x 2 + 3x

: x 0, x 3;
2x = ax2 + 3ax, .. x 0, a 0;
2 3a
>0;
a
2
a 0; .
3
x=

: a 0;
6.2.D02. )

2
.
3

2x
= 5a
x + 5a

10a
= x . : x 5a;
x + 5a

x(2 5a) = 25a2;

2
25a 2
x=
;
5
2 5a
10a(2 5a)
25a 2
=
;
2
2
2 5a
25a + 10a 25a

448

(2 5a)2 = (5a)2; a = 0,2;


: a = 0,2.
3x
= 2a
x + 2a
6a
= x . : x 2a;
x + 2a

3x = 2ax + 4a2;
x(3 2a) = 4a2;
a

3
;
2

x=

4a 2
;
3 2a

6a(3 2a)
4a 2
;
=
4a 2 + 6a 4a 2 3 2a
3
(2a)2 = (3 2a)2; a = = 0,75;
4

: a = 0,75.
6.2.D03.
6 1
= ax
x 6
7
1
= ax . : x 0, x a;
xa 6
6
7
;
=
x xa

6x 6a = 7x;
x = 6a;
6
1
= a (6a) ;
6a 6
1
= a 2 ; a = 1; : a = 1.
a
7
3
) = ax
x
7
8
3
= ax . : x 0, x 3a;
x + 3a
7
7
8
;
=
x x + 3a

7x + 21a = 8x;
x = 21a;
1
3
= a 21a ;
3a
7
1
= 9a 2 , .. a 0;
3a

449

1
3

27a3 = 1, a = ;
1
3

: a = .
6.2.D04. )

x 2 + x 12
<0.
x (a 4) x 4a
2

x2 + x 12 = 0;
x = 4, x = 3;
x2 (a 4)x 4a = 0;
D = a2 8x + 16 + 16a;
a 4 (a + 4)
; x1 = a, x2 = 4;
2
( x + 4)( x 3)
< 0 a < 4, x (a; 4) (4; 3);
( x + 4)( x a)

x1,2 =

: a < 4.
)

x2 5x 6
<0.
x (a 1) x a
2

x2 (a 1)x a = 0;
D = (a + 1)3, x1 = a, x2 = 1;

( x 6)( x + 1)
< 0 a < 1, x (a; 1) (1; 6);
( x a )( x + 1)

: a < 1.
6.2.D05. )

x 2 (a + 6) x + 6a
<0.
x 2 (a 3) x 3a

( x a )( x 6)
< 0 , a (3; 6) x (3; a) (a; 6);
( x a )( x + 3)

: a (3; 6).
)

x 2 (a 1) x a
<0.
x 2 (a 5) x 5a

:
( x a )( x + 1)
< 0 , a (5; 21) x (5; a) (a; 1);
( x a )( x + 5)

: a (5; 1).
6.2.D06. )

6
>a.
xa

6 ax + a 2
>0;
xa
ax a 2 a
<0;
xa

450

a = 0,

6
> 0 , x > 0;
x

a 0, a > 0, ..

a2 + 6
a2 + 6
> a , x ;
( a; + ) ;
a
a

: a = 0, x > 0;

a > 0, x a;

a2 + 6
a2 + 6
; a < 0, x ;
( a; + ) .
a
a

5
> 4a .
)
x 4a
4ax 16a 2 5
<0;
x 4a
5
a = 0: < 0 , x > 0;
x

a 0: a > 0, ..
a < 0, ..

16a 2 + 5
16a 2 + 5
> 4a , x 4a;
;
4a
4a

16a 2 + 5
16a 2 + 5
< 4a , x ;
( 4a; + ) ;
4a
4a

: a = 0, x > 0;

a > 0, x 4a;

16a 2 + 5
16a 2 + 5
; a < 0, x ;
( 4a; + ) .
4a
4a

6.2.D07.
3
1
> .
ax + a 5
15 ax a
>0;
(ax + a )5
ax + a 15
<0;
5(ax + a )

a = 0 .

15

a > 0, x 1; 1 +

15
.
a

a < 0, x 1 + ; 1 .
a

15

15

: a = 0 ; a < 0 x 1 + ; 1 ; a > 0 x 1; 1 + .
a
a

1
3
> .
ax a 4

451

4 3ax + 3a
> 0 ; : a 0, x 1;
(ax a )
3a + 4
x
3a < 0 ;
x 1
3a + 4
3a + 4
; 1 ;
a > 0, x 1;
; a< 0, x
3a

3a

: a = 0 ;

a > 0 x 1;

3a + 4
3a + 4
;
; a < 0 x
3a
3a

1 .

6.2.D08.
) g ( x) =

2x2 + 7 x + 7
>0.
12 x (9b 8) x + 12
2

12x2 (9b 8)x + 12 = 0;


D = 81b2 144b + 64 576 < 0;
81b2 144b 512 < 0;
D
= 5184 + 41472 = 46656;
4
72 216 72 + 216
16 32
b
;
; b ;
;
81
81
9 9
16 32
.. > 0, b ;
g(x) > 0.
9 9
16 32
: b ;
.
9 9
12 x 2 + 3 x + 5
) g ( x) = 2
>0.
2 x (10b 9) x + 2

.. > 0 , g(x) > 0 2x2 (10b 9)x + 2;


D = 100b2 180b + 81 16 < 0;
100b 180b + 65 < 0;
D
= 8100 6500 = 1600;
4
1

b ; 1,3 .
2

1 13
.
2 10

: b ;
6.2.D09.

1 2
x + y = 2a

.
)
5 + 12 = 1 3a
x y

452

1
x = m
;
2
=n
y

m + n = 2a
;

5m + 6n = 1 3a
n = 1 13a
;

m = 15a 1
1
x = 15a 1
;
2
= 1 13a
y

: a

x = 15a 1
1
1
; a ; a ;

2
15
13
y =
1 13a

1
1
, a .
15
13

1 1
x + y = 4a

)
.
4 + 5 = 1 a
x y
1
x = m
;
1
=n
y

m + n = 4a
;

4m + 5n = 1 a
n = 1 17a
;

m = 21a 1
1

x = 1 17a
1
1
; a
; a
.

1
17
21
y =
21a 1

1
1
: a
, a
.
17
21
( x a 4)( x 4a 16)
6.2.D10. )
0.
( x + a)(5 x + 2a)

: x1 = a + 4, x2 = 4a + 16;
x3 = a, x4 =

2a
.
5

,
.
a + 4 = 4a + 16 a = 4;
:

x2
0.
( x 4)(5 x 8)

453

8
5

x {0} ; 4 .
: a = 4.
)

( x a 1)( x 2a 2)
0.
( x + 2a)(3x + 2a)

: x1 = a + 1, x2 = 2a + 2, x3 = 2a, x4 =

2a
;
3

,
.
a + 1 = 2a + 2 a = 1;
:
2

x2
0.
( x 2)(3x 2)

x {0} ; 2 . : a = 1.
3
1
1
=
x 3y = a

4 .
x + 3y
x 2 y = 1 + a
x 3 y = a2 a

6.2.D11. )
y = 1
;

x = a 3

1
1
=

4 ;
a 33
a 3 + 3 = a 2 a

1
1
=

4;
a 6
a 2 2a = 0

a 6 = 4
; a = 2.

a = 0, a = 2

: a = 2.
4 x + y = 2a
1

( x 6 y ) =
) 1
1
10 .
7 x 2 y = 2a
x 4y = 6

4 x + y = 2a
;

x 4 y = 6
8a 6

x = 17
;

y = 2a + 24

17

454

8a 6 12a + 144
= 10
17
17
;

56a 42 4a + 48 = 2a
17
17

4
a

150
=

170

52a 90 = 34a
4a = 20
; a = 5.

18a = 90

: a = 5.
6.2.D12. )

x2 + 4 x + 9
=a.
x2 + 5x + 9

x2 ax2 + 4x 5ax + 9 9a = 0;
x2(1 a) + x(4 5a) + 9 9a = 0;
1) a = 1; x = 0; x = 0;
2) a 1;
D = 25a2 40a + 16 (9 9a)(1 a)4 =
25a2 40a + 16 36(1 a)2 0;
(5a 4)2 36(a 1)2;
11a2 32a + 20 0;
10
a ; 2 ;
11
10
: a ;
11

2 .

x2 2 x 1
=a.
x2 2x + 2

x2(1 a) 2x(1 a) 1 2a = 0;
a = 1 ;
D
=1 2a + a2 + (1 a)(2a + 1) 0;
4

a2 a + 2 0;
a2 + a 2 0;
a [2; 1], a = 1 , , a [2; 1).
: a [2; 1).
3.
6.3.D01. ) 5ax + 3a = 5 x + 3 .
3
x ;
5

25x2 + x(5a + 30) + 9 3a = 0;


D = 900 + 25a2 300a 900 + 300a = 0;
a = 0.
: a = 0.
455

3ax + 5a = 3x + 5 .
5
x ;
3

9x2 + x(30 3a) + 25 5a = 0;


D = 900 180a + 9a2 900 + 180a = 9a2 = 0;
a = 0 a = 0 .
: a = 0.
6.3.D02. ) ( x a + 4) x + 3a 2 0 . : x 2 3a;
x a 4
;

x 2 3a

a 4 2 3a;
a

3
;
2

a 4 2 + 3a = |a|;
4a 6 = a, .. a > 0;
a = 2; : a = 2.
) ( x 3a 2) x + 3a 5 0 .
x 5 3a
;

x 3a + 2

3a + 2 5 3a;
a

3
;
7

3a 2 5 + 3a = |a|;
6a 3 = a, .. a > 0;
a=

3
;
5

: a =

3
.
5

6.3.D03. ) 4a 2 x 2 | x 2a | .
4a2 x2 (x 2a)2; (x 2a)2 + ( 2a)( + 2a) 0;
(x 2a)(x + 2a + x 2a) 0;
2(x 2a) 0;
a = 0;
: a = 0.
) 3a 2 x 2 | x + a | .
3a2 x2 (x + a)2;
2x2 + 2ax 2a2 0;
x2 + ax a2 0;
D = a2 + 4a2 = 0 a = 0;
: a = 0.
456

6.3.D04.
) ( x + 4a) x 4a 32 = 0 .
x = 4a
;

x = 4a + 32

, ,
4a + 32 4a a 4.
: a 4.
) ( x + 3a) x 2a 25 = 0 .
x = 3a
;

x = 2a + 25

, ,
2a + 25 3a;
a 5;
: a 5.
6.3.D05. ) (ax2 (a2 + 1)x + a) x + 4 = 0.
1) a = 0; x x + 4 = 0 ;
2) a 0;
,
4, ..:
ax2 (a2 + 1)x + a = 0;
D = a4 + 2a2 + 1 4a2 = (a2 1)2;
x1,2 =

a 2 + 1 (a 2 1)
1
; x1 = a; x2 = ;
2a
a

a = 1 .
a 4;

1
1
4 ; a ; 0 ;
a
4
1

: a = 0; a = 1; a 4; a ; 0 .
4
) (ax2 (a2 + 12)x + 12a) x + 5 = 0.
1) a = 0; 12 x x + 5 ;
2) a 0;
, 5.
ax2 (a2 + 12)x + 12a = 0;
D = a4 + 24a2 + 144 48a2 = (a2 12)2;
x1 = a; x2 =

12
;
a

a = 2 3 .
12
a 5;
5 ;
a

457

12 + 5a
12
; a ; 0 ;
a
15
12

: a 5; a = 2 3 ; a ; 0 .
15
6.3.D06.
a
.
4
a
a2
x2 + 7x = x2 + x + ;
2
16

x2 + 7 x x =

a a2

x7 =
;
2 16

a 14;
x=

a2
0;
8(14 a)

a [0; 14);
a2
7 ;
8(14 a)
a 2 56a + 784
0;
14 a
(a 28)2
0;
14 a

a (14; +);
: a [0; 14) (14; +).
)

x2 + 8x = x +
a
2

a
.
2

x2 + 8x = x2 + x +

a2
;
4

a a2

x8 =
;
2 4

a 16;
x=

a2
0;
2(16 a)

a [0; 16);
a2
4 ;
16 a
a 2 4a + 64
0 ; a > 16;
16 a

: a [0; 16) (16; +).


458

6.3.D07. ) ( x + a 1) x 3a 0 .
x = 1 a

x = 3a ;
x 3a

, , 1 a < 3a; a >


: a >

1
.
4

1
.
4

) ( x a 4) x 4a 0 .
x = a + 4

x = 4a ;
x 4a

, , a + 4 < 4a a >
: a >

4
.
3

4
.
3

6.3.D08. ) ( x + a + 1) x 4a + 3 0 .
, , x + a + 1 = 0 x 3 +
4a x = a 1 3 + 4a a

2
.
5

2
.
5
2
: a < .
5

a =

) ( x + a + 2) x a 1 0 .
, , x + a + 2 = 0 x a + 1
3
2

x = a 2 a + 1 a .
a =

3
.
2

: a <

3
.
2

6.3.D09. ) ( x 14a 5) x 2 4a 2 0

x 14a + 5

x (2 | a |, 2 | a |)

, ,
14a+5=2|a|
.. a =

5
;
12

459

) ( x 6a 1) x 2 a 2 0
, :
x 6a + 1

x (, | a |] [| a |, + )

, :
6a+1=|a|
1
5

, a = .
6.3.D10. ) 7 x 2 + 2ax 5a 2 = x + a .
7x2 + 2ax 5a2 = x2 + 2ax + a2;
x a;
6x2 6a2 = 0;
x = a;
x = a
; a a a 0.

x a

a = 0, , , a > 0.
: a > 0.
) 5 x 2 + 6ax 27a 2 = x + 3a .
x 3a;
4x2 = 36a2;
x = 3a;
x = 3a
; 3a 3a a 0.

x 3a

a = 0, , , a > 0.
: a > 0.
6.3.D11. ) x 2 4ax 7a = 3 x .
x 3;
x2 4ax 7a = x2 + 9 6x;
x(6 4a) = 9 + 7a;
3
.
2
3
7a + 9
7a + 9
a , x =
. x =
< 3 .
2
6 4a
6 4a
9 3
9 3
a ;
: a ; .
19 2
19 2

a =

) x 2 5ax 7a = 2 x .
x 2;
x(4 5a) = 7a + 4;
a=

460

4
;
5

4
;
5
7a + 4
x=
>2;
4 5a
17a 4
<0;
5a 4
4 4
a ; .
17 5
a

: a ; .
17 5
6.3.D12.
) 25 x 2 = x a .
x a;
2x2 2ax + a2 25 = 0;
D
= a2 2a2 + 50 = 0
4
a = 5 2

.. y = 25 x 2 y = x + 5 2 ,
, a = 5 2 , a (5; 5].

x+5

: a = 5 2 , a (5; 5].
) 9 x 2 = x 2a .
x 2a.
2x2 4ax + 4a2 9 = 0;
D
= 4a2 8a2 + 18 = 18 4a2 = 0;
4
3
a=
2;
2
3
a=
2 .
2

461

.. y = 9 x 2 y = x + 3 2 ,
3 3
.
2 2

, a ;

: a =

3
3 3
2 ; a ; .
2
2 2

4. .
6.4.D01. ) cos42x 2(a + 2)cos22x (2a + 5) = 0.
D
= a2 + 4a + 4 + 2a + 5 = a2 + 6a + 9 = (a + 3)2;
4

cos22x = a + 2 (a + 3);
cos22x = 2a + 5;
0 2a + 5 1;
5 2a 4;
2,5 a 2;
cos22x = 1 ;
: a [2,5; 2].
) cos43x 2(a + 1)cos23x (2a + 3) = 0;
D
= a2 + 2a + 1 + 2a + 3 = (a + 2)2;
4

cos23x = a + 1 + a + 2;
0 2a + 3 1;
3 2a 2;
cos23x = 1 ;
3

: a ; 1 .
2

6.4.D02. ) (15sinx a 5)(15sinx + 2a 5) = 0.


a+5
;
15
a+5
1
1 ;
15

sin x =

15 a + 5 15;
20 a 10;
462

5 2a
;
15
5 2a
1
1;
15

sin x =

15 5 2a 15;
10 2a 20;
5 a 10;
: a [5; 10] 2 [0; 2].
) (11sinx 3a 5)(11sinx + 4a + 3) = 0.
sin x =

3a + 5
;
11

11 3a + 5 11;
16 3a 6;
16
a2;
3
3 4a
;
sin x =
11

11 3 + 4a 11;
14 4a 8;
7
a2;
2
7
: a ;
2

2 2 [0; 2].

6.4.D03.

tg 2 x + 7
=a.
3tgx + 1

tg2x 3atgx a + 7 = 0;
D = 9a2 + 4a 28 0;
D
= 4 + 252 = 256;
4
14

a ( ; 2] ; + ;
9

14

; + .
9

: a ( ; 2]
)

tg 2 x + 45
=a.
7tgx + 2

tg2x 7atgx + 45 2a = 0;
D = 49a2 + 8a 180 0;
D
= 16 + 8820;
4

463

90

a ( ; 2 ) ; + ;
49

90

; + .
49

: a ( ; 2 )

6.4.D04. ) 3cos2x (3a + 10)cosx + 10a = 0.


D = 9a2 + 60a + 100 120a = (3a 10)2;
3a + 10 + 3a 10
=a;
6
20
;
cos x =
3

cos x =

a > 1 a < 1;
: a (; 1) (1; +).
) 2cos2x (2a + 9)cosx + 9a = 0.
D = 4a2 + 36a + 81 72a = (2a 9)2;
cosx = a;
9
2

cosx = ;
a < 1 a > 1 .
: a (; 1) (1; +).
6.4.D05. ) 2sin2x = (a2 + 5a + 2)sinx.
sinx(a2 + 5a + 2 + 2sinx) = 0;
sinx = 0 x = k, k Z.
[0; 2] x = 0, x = , x = 2.
sin x =

(a 2 + 5a + 2)
.
2

, y = sinx [0; 2]
, 1 1.

a = 0
a 2 + 5a + 2
= 1 , a2 + 5a = 0
.
2
a = 5

a = 1
a 2 + 5a + 2
.
= 1 , a2 + 5a + 4 = 0
2
a = 4

: 0; 1; 4; 5.
) 20sin2x = (a2 + 13a + 20)sinx.
sinx(a2 + 13a + 20 + 20sinx) = 0;
sinx = 0 [0; 2] 3 .
sin x =

a 2 + 13a + 20
1
20

[0; 2]. , y = sinx [0; 2]


, 1 1.

464

a = 0
a 2 + 13a + 20
= 1 ,
.
20
a = 13

a 2 + 13a + 20
= 1 ,
20

a = 5
a = 8 .

: 0; 5; 8; 13.
6.4.D06. ) 4sin2(3x + 8) 49a2 + 84a + 40.
0 49a2 + 84a + 40 4;
49a2 + 84a + 36 0;
: a =

D
42
6
= 1764 1764 = 0; a = = ;
49
7
4

42
6
= .
49
7

) 8sin2(13x 2) 25a2 + 10a + 9.


25a2 + 10a + 9 8; 25a2 + 10a + 1 0; (5a + 1)2 0;
1
1
a = ; : a = .
5
5

7 cos(6 x + 7) + 32 = 20 + 10a a 2 = (a 5) 2 + 5 .

6.4.D07. )

.. 7 cos(6 x + 7) + 32 5 , (a 5)2 + 5 5 a = 5.
: a = 5.
) 10cos(5 x + 1) + 19 = 13 + 8a a 2 = (a 4)2 + 3 .
.. 10cos(5 x + 1) + 19 3 , 3 (a 4)2 3 a = 4.
: a = 4.
6.4.D08. ) x

5
8x
2
=0.
( x 10) a + 23a + 131 + cos
8
5

x =

5
(
8

0):
a2 + 23 + 130 < 0;
a (13; 10).
10
a2 + 23a + 132 0;
(a + 11)(a + 12) 0;

a 11
a 12 . : a (13; 12] [11; 10).

) x

2
11x
2
=0.
( x 4) a a 81 + 9cos
11
2

, x =

2
0
11

a2 a 90 < 0;
a (9; 10).
x = 4
a2 a 81 + 9 = a2 a 72 0;

465

(a 9)(a + 8) 0;
a 8
a 9 . : a (9; 8] [9; 10).

8x
+ 12a + 20 0 .
5
5
.. , x =
0
4

6.4.D09. ) (4 x 5) a 2 cos

a2 + 12a + 20 < 0;
a (10; 2).
: a (10; 2).

26 x
a 42 0 .
3
3
.. , x =
0
13

) (13x 3) a 2 cos

a2 a 42 < 0 a (6; 7).


: a (6; 7).
6.4.D10. ) cos24x + 2(8 + 5a)sin12x 110a + 65 = 0.
sin212x (8 + 5a)sin12x + 55a 33 = 0;
D = 64 + 80a + 25a2 220a + 132 = 25a2 140a + 196 = (5a 14)2;
sin12x = 11 ;
sin12x = 5a 3 [1; 1];
2 5a 4;
a [0,4; 0,8].
: a [0,4; 0,8].
) cos26x + 2(4 + 11a)sin13x 154a + 41 = 0.
2sin213x 2(4 + 11a)sin13x + 154a 42 = 0;

D
= 121a2 + 88a + 16 308a + 84 = 121a2 220a + 100 = (11a 10)2;
4

sin13x = 11a 3 [1; 1];


sin13x = 7 ;
2 11a 4;
2
4
.
a
11
11
2 4
: a ; .
11 11
19sin x + 17
6.4.D11. )
=a.
7sin x + 9

sinx(19 7a) = 9a 17; a =


sin x =

466

9a 17
;
19 7a

19
19
; a = ;
7
7

9a 17
19 7a 1
;

9a 17 1
19 7a

16a 36
7a 19 0
;

2a + 2 0
7a 19

9
a
4

19

;
a >
7

19

a 1;

: a 1; .
4

18sin x + 17
=a.
17sin x + 18

sinx(18 17a) = 18a 17;


18
18
; a
;
17
17
18a 17
[1; 1];
sin x =
18 17a
18

18a 17
a +1
a 1;

18 17a 1 17a 18 0
17

;
;
;

18a 17 1
35a 35 0 a ( ; 1] 18 ; +

18 17a
18 17a

17

a=

: a [1; 1].
6.4.D12.
2
2
24cos x + 11cos y = 10a 17

2
2
33cos x + 8cos y = 28a 59

2
57 cos y = 114a + 285
;

2
171cos x = 228a 513

4
2
cos x = a 3
;
3

cos 2 y = 2a + 5

5
0 a 3 1 9
; a .
3
4
2

0 2a + 5 1

, :
:

9
5
a .
4
2

2
2
21cos x + 11cos y = 9a 8

2
2
33cos x + 7 cos y = 45a 64

72cos 2 y = 216a + 360


;

2
216cos x = 432a 648
0 < 216a + 360 72
;

0 < 432a 648 216

467

5
4
3 a 3 3
5
; a .

3
2
3
a2
2
3 5
: a ; .
2 3

5.
6.5.D01. ) 52x + (5a2 + a + 4)5x (a + 2) = 0.
x1 x2 = a 2.
, , 0
x1 x2 = a 2 < 0; a > 2, a D > 0 . : a > 2.
) 81x + (4a2 + 3a + 4)9x 2a + 3 = 0.
x1 x2 = 2a + 3, , ,

0 x1x2 = 2a + 3 <0, a >


D > 0 .
: a >

3
.
2

6.5.D02. ) 49x (8a 1)7x + 16a2 4a 2 = 0.


D = 64a2 16a + 1 64a2 + 16a + 8 = 9;
7x = 4a 2; 7x = 4a + 1;
4a 2 0
;

4a + 1 > 0

a 2
;

a > 1

1 1
.
4 2

: a ;

) 36x (8a + 5)6x + 16a2 + 20a 14 = 0.


D = 64a2 + 80a + 25 64a2 80a + 56 = 81;
6x = 4a + 7; 6x = 4a 2;
4a + 7 > 0
;

4a 2 0

a > 4
;

a 1

7 1

: a ; .
4 2
6 x a 3 36 x a + 4

6.5.D03. )

x 2a 2

x a + 11 0
;

x 4a + 8 0

468

16 x 3a + 3

3
a
2

x [a 11; 4a 8];
4a 8 a + 11 = 3;
a = 0.
: a = 0.
2 x + 4 a + 2 4 x + a + 4

x a 3
9 x + 3a 1
3
x + 6 2a 0
;

x + 7a + 1 0

x [2a 6; 7a 1];
7a 1 2a + 6 = 1;
4
.
9
4
: a = .
9

9a = 4; a =

6.5.D04
) 9x (7a 1)3x + 12a2 a 6 0.
D = 49a2 14a + 1 48a2 + 4a + 24 = a2 10a + 25 = (a 5)2,
, , D = 0 a = 5.
: a = 5.
) 4x (5a 1)2x + 6a2 a 2 0.
D = 25a2 10a + 1 24a2 + 4a + 8 = a2 6a + 9 = (a 3)2,
, , D = 0 a = 3.
: a = 3.
6.5.D05. ) 64x 8x(85a2 + 84a3) + 89a5 = 0.
y = 8x. y2 y(85a2 + 84a3) + 89a5 = 0.
y = 85a 2

y = 8

4a 3

x = 5a 2

;
;
x = 4a 3

x1 5a 2
=
= 3 ; 7a = 7; a = 1;
x2 4a 3
x2 4a 3
3
=
= 3 ; 11a = 3; a = .
x1 5a 2
11

: a = 3; a =

3
.
11

) 49x 7x(73a+2 + 72a+4) + 75a+6 = 0.


7 x1 = 73a + 2 ; 7 x2 = 7 2 a + 4 ;
x1 3a + 2
14
=
= 4 ; 5a = 14; a = ;
x2 2a + 4
5
x2 2a + 4
=
= 4 ; 10a = 4; a = 0,4.
x1 3a + 2

: a = 2,8; a = 0,4.
469

6.5.D06. )

12 16 x + 11
=a.
2 13 16 x

16x(12 + 13a) = 2a 11;

12
12
, a ;
13
13
2a 11
x
16 =
0;
12 + 13a
12 11
a ; .
13 2
a=

12 11
; .
13 2

: a
)

3 15 x +1 + 8
=a.
3 10 15x

15x(45 + 10a) = 3a 8;
a = 4,5 ,
a 4,5;
3a 8
0;
45a + 10
9 8
a ; ;
2 3

15x =

9 8

: a ; .
2 3
6.5.D07.
2

) ( x 2 + 2 x 3) 6 x + 2 x 3 14a + a 2 + 44 = 0 .
x = 1 x = 3 , ,
0.
a2 14a + 45 < 0;
a (5; 9).
: a (5; 9).
2

) ( x 2 2 x 3) 5x 2 x 3 + a 2 + 4a 33 = 0 .
x = 3 x = 1 , ,
0.
a2 + 4a 32 < 0;
a (8; 4).
: a (8; 4).
6.5.D08.
3x + 2 y = 349 a2 +1 + 2114 a

x
y
49 a
3 2 = 3

+1

2114 a

2
x = 49a + 1
;
y = 1 14a

z = x + y = 49a 14a + 2 ,
470

amin = ab =

1
;
7

z(amin) = 1 2 + 2 = 1.
: a =

1
.
7

5x + 9 y = 5a2 + 25 + 914 10 a

5x 9 y = 5a

+ 25

914 10 a

x = a 2 + 25
;
y = 14 10a

z = x + y = a2 10a + 11 ,
amin = ab = 5. : a = 5.
6.5. D09. ) (4x 64)(2x 128)(8x 82a)(7x 72a+4) 0.
x1 = 3

x = x = 2a = 3
3
x = 7
: 2
; 3 1
;a= .
2
x4 = x2 = 2a + 4 = 7
x3 = 2a
x = 2a + 4
4
3
: a = , x1 = 3, x2 = 7.
2

) (7x 49)(5x 1)(2x 25a)(4x 45a2) 0.

x1 = 2

x = x = 5a = 2
2
2
x = 0
: 2
; 3 1
; a = . : a = , x1 = 2, x2 = 0.
5
5
x4 = x2 = 5a 2 = 0
x3 = 5a
x = 5a 2
4
2

6.5. D10. ) 449 x 70 x + 26 = cos14x 81a2 72a 13.


4 (. . 49x2 70x + 26 1).
4 (. . (81a2 + 72a + 13) 3.
:
(7 x 5) 2 = 0
4(7 x 5)2 +1 = 4

cos14x = 1

2
3 + cos14x (9a + 4) = 4

2
(9a + 4) = 0

a =

4
5
, x = . : a =
9
7

4
5
,x= .
9
7

) 1425 x 10 x + 2 = cos10x 36a2 60 12.


14 (. . 25x2 10x + 2 1),
14 (. . (36a2 + 60a + 12) 13
a =

6.5. D11. ) 3a 2 10a + 3 + 3x

+x

5
1
, x = . : a =
6
5
243a

5
1
,x= .
6
5

= 0.

471

0 = 0
3a 2 10a + 3 = 0
;
x2 + x
= 35 a
3

a = 3: x2 + x 6 = 0; x1 = 3, x2 = 2.
1 17
.
2
1
1 17
: a = 3, x = 2, x = 3, a = , x =
.
3
2
1
3

a = : x2 + x 4 = 0, D = 1 + 16 = 17; x3,4 =

) (2a2 5a + 2)2 + (2 x + 2 x 128a) 2 = 0.


0 0
2a 2 5a + 2 = 0
;
x2 + 2 x
= 27 a
2

a = 2: x 2 + 2x 8 = 0; x1 = 4; x2 = 2.
1 2
: x + 2x 6 = 0; x3,4 = 1 7 .
2
1
: a = 2 x = 2 x = 4; a =
x = 1 7 .
2
81x 2 98b +13 2 x 8b + 17
6.5.D12. ) x + 2
.
;
8b +15
2 x 8b + 11
36 6

a =

11
17

x 4b + ; 4b + ;
2
2

17

1 + k = 4b +
2 ;
1 k = 4b + 11

.. 1

3
2

2 = 8b + 14; b = .
3
2

: b = .
x 1
11b + 6
36 6

2 x 11b + 8
.
;
11b + 7
x +1
81
9

2 x 11b + 5

11b 5 11b

x
+ ;
+ 4 ;
2 2 2

.. 7
11b

7 + k = 2 + 4
;

7 k = 11b + 5

2 2

472

14 = 11b + 6

1
;
2

28 = 22b + 13;
b=

15
15
. : b =
.
22
22

6.
6.6.D01. ) log0,5(ax2 (a + 1)x + 6) = log0,5(3x2 (a + 1)x + 2a).
x2(a 3) = 2a 6;
.. a = 3 , a 2
: a = 3.
) log0,1(ax2 (a 4)x + 4) = log0,1(4x2 (a 4)x + a).
x2(a 4) = a 4;
.. a = 4 , a 2
: a = 4.
6.6.D02. ) 2 + log2(x 3a 4) log2(x 2a 21).
a: 4x 12a 16 x 2a 21; 5x 10a 5;
x 2a 1

x > 3a + 4 ;
x < 2a 21

3a + 4 < 2a 21;
a < 5 ;
2a 1 > 3a + 4;
a < 5;
.. a 5. : a 5.
) 1 + log3(x a + 2) log3(x 7a + 22).
a: 3x 3a + 6 x 7a + 22; 4x 4a + 16;
x 4 a
a 2 < 22 7a a < 3

;
.
x > a 2 ;
a < 3
x < 22 7a 4 a > a 2

.. a 3.
: a 3.
6.6.D03. ) (4x + 2a 3)(x 2a + 3)log4x = 0.

x1 = 1

: x2 = 2a 3 ;

1
3
x3 = a +

2
4

x > 0;
2a 3 > 0

1) a 3
;
2 + 4 0

a >

3
2 a>3;
3
2
2

473

2a 3 0

2) 1 3
;
2 + 4 > 0

a <

3
3
2
a< ;
3
2
2

.. 2 a = 1 x1 = x2 = 1,
x3 < 0
1
2

: a 2, a , a

3
.
2

) (7x + a + 2)(x a 2)log7x = 0.

x1 = 1

: x2 = a + 2 ;

a 2
x3 =

x > 0;
a + 2 > 0
a > 2
;
a > 2 ;

a 2

1)

a + 2 0
a < 2 ;
a 2 > 0

2)

.. 2 x2 = 1 x3 = 1
: a 2, a 1, a 9.
6.6.D04. ) alog42x (2a + 3)log4x + 6 0.
x > 0;
1) a = 0; 3log4x + 6 0, ;
2) a 0;
D = 4a2 + 12a + 9 24a = (2a 3)2 = 0
a =

3
3
. : a = .
2
2

) alog22x (3a 2)log2x 6 0.


1) a = 0; 2log2x 6 0, ;
2) a 0;
D = 9a2 + 4 12a + 24a = (3a + 2)2 = 0
2
3

a = .
2
3

: a = .
6.6.D05. ) (lg2x 4algx + 3a2)2 + (a2 a 6)2 = 0.
0 0
2
2
lg x 4a lg x + 3a = 0
;
2
a a 6 = 0

474

a = 3: lg2x 12lgx + 27 = 0; lgx = 3; lgx = 9.


a = 2: lg2x + 8lgx + 12 = 0; lgx = 6; lgx = 2
: a = 3, x = 1000; x = 109; a = 2, x =

1
1
; x = 6 ;
102
10

a .
) (lg2x + 3algx + 2a2)2 + (a2 2a 3) = 0.
0 0
2
2
lg x + 3a lg x + 2a = 0
;
2
a 2a 3 = 0

a = 3: lg2x + 9lgx + 18 = 0; lgx = 3; lgx = 6.


a = 1: lg2x 3lgx + 2 = 0; lgx = 2; lgx = 1.
: a = 1, x = 100; x = 10;
a = 3, x = 106; x = 103;
a .
6.6.D06.
) 4log7sinx + alog7sinx (a2 4a 5) = 0.
1) a = 4 .
2) a 4
log 7 sin x =

(a 5)(a + 1)
0 ( sinx (0; 1]
4+a

+
+
4

1
5
a (; 4) [1; 5]
: a (; 4] [1; 5].
) 6log4sinx + alog4sinx a2 + 7a 10 = 0.
1) a = 6 .
2) a 6
(a 2)(a 5)
log 4 sin x =
0 (.. sinx (0; 1])
6+a

+
6

+
2

a (; 6) [2; 5]
: a (; 6) [2; 5].
6.6.D07.
) (x 14)(x 26) a 2 24a log13 ( x 13) 25 0 .
x = 14 , x = 26 , ,
x = 14 0, x = 26 0.
2
a 24a log13 1 25 0
;
2
a 24a 25 < 0

475

a (1; 25)

a 5
a 5

: a [5; 25).
) (x 16)(x 30) a 2 15a log15 ( x 15) 16 0 .
x = 16 , x = 30 ,
x = 16 0, x = 30 0.
a 4
2

a 16 0
2
; a 4

a 15a 16 < 0
a (1; 16)

: a [4; 16).
6.6.D08.
)

13log12 (10 x 2 + 1) + 15
=a.
1 3log12 (10 x 2 + 1)

log12(10x2 + 1)(13 + 3a) = a 15;


13
;
3
13
2) a ;
3
a 15
log12(10x2 + 1) =
0 (.. 10x2 + 1 1);
3a + 13
13

a ; [15; + ) ;
3

1) a =

: a ;
)

13
[15; + ) .
3

9 log 7 ( x 2 + 1) + 4
=a.
13 7 log 7 ( x 2 + 1)

log7(x2 + 1)(9 + 7a) = 13a 4;


9
;
7
9
2) a ;
7
13a 4
2
log7(x + 1) =
0 (.. x2 + 1 1);
7a + 9
9 4

a ; ; + ;
7 13

1) a =

: a ; ; + .
7
13
476

6.6.D09. ) (x2 13x + 42)log3(10 + a2(x 6) 7a(x 6)2) 0.


x = 6 , x = 7 , ,
10 + a2(x 6) 7a(x 6)2 x = 6 0, x = 7 0
10 > 0
;
2
a 7 a + 10 0

a [2; 5];
x = 6 .
: a [2; 5].
) (x2 11x + 30)log12(88 + a2(x 5) 19a(x a)2) 0.
.. x = 5 x = 6 , ,
:
88 + a2(x 5) 19a(x 5)2 0 x = 6;
a2 19a + 88 0;
D = 9;
a [8; 11].
: a [8; 11].
6.6.D10. ) log42x (6a + 23)log4x + 9a2 + 69a + 132 = 0.
D = 36a2 + 529 + 276a 36a2 276a 528 = 1;
log4x = 3a + 11;
x1 = 43a+11;
log4x = 3a + 12;
x2 = 43a+12;
.. x1 x2 x = 40
3a +12
40 + k = 4
;

3a +11
40 k = 4

80 = 5 43a+11;
3a + 11 = 2;
a = 3.
: a = 3.
) log112x (10a + 23)log11x + 25a2 + 115a + 132 = 0.
D = 100a2 + 529 + 460a 100a2 460a 528;
log11x = 5a + 12;
x1 = 115a+12;
log11x = 5a + 11;
x2 = 115a+11;
.. x1 x2 x = 66
66 + k = 115a +12
;

5 a +11
66 k = 11

132= 115a+11 12;


5a + 11 = 1;
a = 2;
: a = 2.
477

6.6.D11. ) log3

3
= x 2 + (5b 1)2 .
14 x 2 + 3

1 log3(14x2 + 3) = x2 + (5b 1)2;

.. 0, 0 x = 0, b =
: b =
) log9

1
.
5

1
x = 0.
5

9
= x 2 + (13b 12) 2 .
10 x 2 + 9

1 log9(10x2 + 9) = x2 + (13b 12)2;


.. 0, 0 , x = 0,
b=

12
.
13

: b =

12
x = 0.
13

6.6.D12. ) (2x2 (a + 4)x + 2a) log 2

.. log 2

|x|
0.
2

|x|
0 x [2; 0) (0; 2] ,
2

2x2 (a + 4)x + 2a 2 2.
4 = a
a = 4.
2 + 2 = a + 4

:
: a = 4.

) (4x2 (a 12)x 3a) log 4


.. log 4

|x|
0.
3

|x|
0 x [3; 0) (0; 3] ,
3

4x2 (a 12)x 3a 3 3.
: 9 =

478

3a
a = 12. : a = 12.
4