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http://www.sumkino.com/wsn/course


axel@wl.unn.ru
http://www.wl.unn.ru


(WSN)
WSN


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, (MEMS, RFID)

ad hoc .

, .

More than half a billion nodes will ship for wireless sensor
applications in 2010 for an end user market worth more than $7
billion.
- On World

By 2008, there could be 100 million wireless sensors in use, up


from about 200,000 today, market-research company Harbor
Research says. The worldwide market for wireless sensors, it says,
will grow from $100 million this year to more than $1 billion by 2009.
-InformationWeek Magazine

The oil and gas industry will spend $200 million on wireless
sensing networks (WSN) over the next three years.
- On World

WSN

WSN
,
,
,

,

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WSN

WSN
Great Duck Island

* Alan Mainwaring, Joseph Polastre, Robert Szewczyk, David Culler, John Anderson, Wireless
Sensor Networks for Habitat Monitoring

WSN
Great Duck Island

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9 , 32


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* Alan Mainwaring, Joseph Polastre, Robert Szewczyk, David Culler, John Anderson, Wireless
Sensor Networks for Habitat Monitoring

WSN
Storm Petrel Monitoring

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Intel Research, Berkeley

WSN
Storm Petrel Monitoring

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WSN
Storm Petrel Monitoring

Mica Weather Board

* Alan Mainwaring, Joseph Polastre, Robert Szewczyk, David Culler, John Anderson, Wireless
Sensor Networks for Habitat Monitoring

WSN
Storm Petrel Monitoring

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Low-power
Small form-factor
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.


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WSN
Storm Petrel Monitoring


Atmel AVR w/ 512kB Flash

916MHz 40kbps RFM Radio


GreatBatch - 1 Ah

WSN
Storm Petrel Monitoring

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WSN
Storm Petrel Monitoring

WSN
Storm Petrel Monitoring

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Duty-cycle radio, processor and sensor
BMAC: A duty-cycled MAC layer
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WSN
Storm Petrel Monitoring

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.
.


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WSN
Storm Petrel Monitoring

.
(raw 0) ,

26 sensors reported 0 RH readings


.
7 , 6
.

22 , . 2
, 2
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WSN
Storm Petrel Monitoring

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WSN
Storm Petrel Monitoring

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0.5

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-10 60 .

WSN
Storm Petrel Monitoring

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TinyDB:
TinySQL: .

WSN
Wide-area WSN: CASA Project
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( ):
>1300
70%
70%
12 .

CASA: Center for Adaptive Sensing of the Atmosphere, Jim Kurose et. al.

WSN
Wide-area WSN: CASA Project
CASA: Collaborative Adaptive Sensing of the Atmosphere

:
3-




.

.

WSN

,
:
, .

WSN
BP Shipboard Project
BP Petroleum

WSN
GazProm Project

:
.

> 500
> 200 ~ 5 2
> 1 year

ISM

WSN
RFID Sensors


ID
:

WSN




WSN

WSN

WSN
MicaZ Platform
: Atmel ATmega128L
7.3728
128 -
4 SRAM
2 UARTs
SPI
I2

: ChipCon CC2420
-: 512
51-pin
10- I/O
21 I/O

LEDs
JTAG
AA

WSN
TelosB Platform
: MSP430 F1611
8
48 -
10 RAM
UART
SPI
12- ADC/DAC
DMA

: ChipCon CC2420
-: 1024
16-pin
LEDs
JTAG
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AA

WSN
Prometheus

TelosB

,
( )
Source: Perpetual Environmentally
Powered Sensor Networks
To appear, IPSN/SPOTS, April 2005

Duty Cycle

Light Required

1%

5 hrs/ 1 mo

10 %

5 hrs/ 4 days

100 %

10 hrs/ 1 day

WSN
Intel Mote 2

320/416/520 PXA271 XScale

32 -
32
Mini-USB
I-Mote2
(31+21 pin)
Radio: ChipCon CC2420

AAA

WSN
Cyclops Imager
Agilent Imager
CMOS, (128128)
(46 /100 ).


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.




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(<10$)

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Challenges


802.15.4
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TinyOS.
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TinyOS.
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Guest Speakers
Guest Speaker:
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Guest Speaker: ..-. .


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10-15 .
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TinyOS Tmote Sky.
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Mote-PC, Mote-to-Mote, .

http://www.sumkino.com/wsn/course


Wireless Sensor Networks for Habitat Monitoring, A. Mainwaring, J.
Polastre, R. Szewcyk, D. Culler, and J. Anderson, WSNA 2002. .
A Survey on Sensor Networks lan F. Akyildiz, WellJan Su, Yogesh
Sankarasubramaniam, Erdal Cayirci .
Sensor Networks Evolution, Opportunities, and Challenges CHONG AND
KUMAR
Connecting the Physical World with Pervasive Networks Deborah Estrin,
David Culler and Kris Pister, Gaurav Sukhatme
Sensor Networks for Emergency Response: Challenges and
Opportunities, K. Lorincz, D. Malan, T. Fulford-Jones, A. Nawoj, A. Clavel, V.
Shnayder, M. Welsh and S. Moulton, IEEE Pervasive Computing, 2004.