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=Z[^meeZZe-DZolZgb

Kro onn HEOXAPHXHTI


(naxxanrt-cana]nrt)?


OZmeyb omf Ze-oZ\Zjb^`






Hsarentcrno Hman
Kasant 2006/1427

2

Hepenen c apacxoro xstxa nayunt corpynnx orena
omecrnenno mtcnn n ncnamoneennx Hncrnryra nc-
ropnn
nm. B. Mapxann AH PT
Atramon Pamnnt Kamnnonnu.
Ornercrnennt sa ntnycx nepnt samecrnrent
my]rnx Tarapcrana, npecearent naxy]on Bannynna
xaspar rxy.






Hpano na nepensanne +ro xnnrn (n apacxom opnrnnane) npn-
nanexnr nmomy mycyntmannny, onaxo, anrop ne npeocran-
nxer npana nnocnrt n nee xaxne-nno nsmenennx.







Honncano x neuarn 22.05.2007/05.05.1428
uopmar 60X90 1/16
Heuart o]cernax. Heuarntx nncron 18,75
3axas N 8 Tnpax 200.
Hsarentcrno Hman. Kasant, yn. K.Hactpn, 27.

Hsarentcrno Hman, 2006/1427
3
3ra xnnra apeconana ncem rem, xro nmer
ncrnny, n n uacrnocrn rem, xro onroe npe-
mx xnn no rtme naxxanrcxo neonornn,
xro tn omanyr xpacnntmn nosynramn
+ro cexrt.

<h bfy :eeZoZ Fbehklb\h]h, Fbehk_j^gh]h
Ij_^bkeh\b_ dh \lhjhfm ba^Zgbx
AZq_f \u jZaju\Z_l_ gZ qZklb
(fmkmevfZgkdmx mffm)?
Xnana Annaxy, snammemy, pacxptnammemy ncrnny,
cnntnememy onaarenm nnacrn! Ho Ero mnnocrn mt rnopnm
naroe. Fnarocnonenne n mnp Hocnenemy npopoxy, nocnannomy
c paocrno necrtm n xauecrne cneroua nx mnpon, Myxammay,
a onaroerentcrnyer n npnnercrnyer Annax ero, ncm ero ce-
mtm n cnonnxnnxon. anee.
3ra xnnra ntsnana ontmo axnorax yxe o roro, xax
tna nsana n nepnt pas, n xoneuno xe y unrarene nosnnx
nnonne saxonnt n saxonomepnt nonpoc: uro xe nocnyxnno
npnunno nanncannx +ro xnnrn? Xnana Annaxy, n nocnenee
npemx namernnact renennnx cnnxennx mycyntmancxnx masxa-
on, mycyntmane na +rom nyrn conepmamr nce ontme nosnrnn-
ntx maron n axe cosamr cnennantnte mycyntmancxne nenr-
pt. Kpome +roro mycyntmancxne yuente uepes cnon xnnrn raxxe
neyr nponarany mycyntmancxoro enncrna, n uacrnocrn xouer-
cx ormernrt xnnry oxropa Mycra]t am-Baxarara Hcnam nnx
masaxn (Hcnam es masxaon)
1
, xnnry yuenoro Xacana ar-
Typan Hnnann mycnnm, nxcry cynnnxn ya nx mnrnxn ( my-
cyntmannn, ne cynnnr n ne mnnr), raxxe xouercx ormernrt no-
snnnm yuenoro Axmaa an-Xannnn, npnstnammero xo nceome-
my oennennm mycyntman, npnuem on cunraer, uro +ro ecr-
nnrentno nosmoxno, nocxontxy nce pasnornacnx cpen mycynt-

1
Hocnenee nsanne +ro xnnrn tno rpnnanartm, +ror ]axr n nepnym
ouepet cnnerentcrnyer o rom, uro mycyntman ouent nonnyer rema enncrna.
4
man cnoxrcx nnmt x nropocrenenntm nonpocam npana n ne xa-
camrcx ocnon mycyntmancxo pennrnn.
a, ecrnnrentno, mycyntmancxax ncropnx snaer mno-
xecrno npnmepon opococecxoro cymecrnonannx pasnnuntx
mycyntmancxnx reuenn n pamxax onoro rocyapcrna. Hanpn-
mep, mnnrt nexoropoe npemx npannnn n Ernnre, sanoxnnn ocno-
nt ynnnepcnrera an-Asxap, xoropt nosnee es xpononponn-
rnx nepemen n pyxn cynnnron. H xouercx ormernrt, uro mnnrt
no npemx cnoero npannennx ne npnnyxann cynnnron nsmennrt
cnon yexennx. Taxxe xouercx ncnomnnrt nanrcxoe rocy-
apcrno n Mapoxxo, ero npannrenn tnn nsnecrnt xax pycramn-
t, nx npannenne tno ouent cnpanennntm n ronepanrntm,
onn ne npnrecnxnn nn nanron, nn cynnnron, nn mnnron. Bce
+rn reuennx npn nnx xnnn ouent pyxno n nenn xnxa no
enntm snamenem
2
.
puamnm npnmepom ronepanrnocrn cnyxnr noneenne
nmama Hypynna ac-Cannmn, xoropt, nocemax pernont
xarnxna (Oman), re npoxnnann nnemena Fany Ay Iann, oy-
uan nx ponomy nx nnx xanannrcxomy
3
masxay, n ro npemx
xax cam tn nanrom. A net +ro tn uenonex, onaanmn
orpomno nnacrtm n oxasanmn ocront ornop Fpnrancxo
nmnepnn, xora ra xorena sannaert Apanncxnm nonyocrpo-
nom
4
. pyro npnmep opococecxnx n ronepanrntx ornome-

2
Cm. Axap an-anmmarn ap-pycramnnna Hn ac-Carnpa n Hcnam nnx ma-
saxn ox. Mycra]t am-Baxararn, c. 163 - 170, nsanne 13, a raxxe coun-
nennx mapoxxancxnx ncropnxon n no+ron.
3
Hosnee n pesyntrare naxxanrcxnx naeron xnrenn +roro pernona no
crpaxom cmeprn tnn ntnyxent npnnxrt naxxanrcxym neonornm. Ho-
ponee o +rom yer paccxasano nosxe.
4
3ror yuent n moxaxe xnn n uertpnanarom nexe no xnxpe (xonen 19
cemnecxrte rot 20 nn.), ero xnsnt tna xoporxa, no necmorpx na +ro An-
nax onaroerentcrnonan ee apaxarom. On ocrannn nocne cex orpomnoe na-
yuno-xyntrypnoe nacnene n nnec cno nxna n pasnnrne raxnx nayx, xax nc-
ropnx, xanc, ]nxx, nnreparypa. Bcm xnsnt on npnstnan mycyntman oen-
nnrtcx no enntm snamenem n nen xnxa npornn xononnsaropon n +ro
npn rom, uro on tn cnen. Fnorpa]nn raxnx nme, xax on, cneyer nsyuart
orentno.
5
nn sanrt n ma]nrnrt Hemena, xoropte nexamn xnnyr ox
o ox pyr c pyrom, enxr xne n xpon. B uem xe rora npone-
ma, sauem nyxna annax xnnra?
Hponema nnmt n ono cexre, noxnnnmecx ornocn-
rentno neanno n nocrannnme cnoe nentm nnecenne pasopa
mexy mycyntmanamn. Hmenno no+romy ee npecrannrenn onn-
nxmr npecrannrene roro nnn nnoro mycyntmancxoro reuennx n
nenepnn, onee roro, onn ncm mycyntmancxym ymmy oxnnnn
sanymnmn xstunnxamn. Ecnn xro-nno ns mycyntman ntcry-
naer npornn nnx, ro onn ryr xe oxnnxmr ero nenepntm. 3ro
cexra naxxanron, xoropax npnsnaer rontxo meu n entrn:
Baxxanrt oxnnnn, uro uertpe mycyntmancxnx masxa-
a ne ornocxrcx x cynnnsmy, nocxontxy npnepxnnamrcx ama-
pnrcxnx
5
yexenn n, xnnxxct cy]nxmn, xxot onponepramr
oxecrnennte arpnyrt. Onn noome orpnnamr nonxrne cyn-
nnsma n npenaramr nont repmnn cana]nsm
6
.
Baxxanrt oxnnnn mnnron-sanron n mnnron-
xar]apnron sanymnmn n nenepntmn.

5
Amapnrt nocneonarenn Ay an-Xacana Ay Myct an-Amrapn (ym.
941r.). Ero nepy npnnanexnr mnoxecrno xnnr, cpen xoroptx An-Hana
ran ycyn a-nxna, Maxanar an-ncnamnx, An-Hmmar, Pncanar ]n nc-
rnxcan an-xay ]n an-xanam. B cnonx xnnrax on onponepraer myrasnnnr-
cxym neonornm n oxastnaer ncrnnnocrt cynnnrcxo. Amapnrcxnx yex-
enn n namn nn npnepxnnaercx ontmnncrno mycyntman-cynnnron, ocno-
no +rnx yexennx xnnxmrcx cnona an-Amrapn: Hamn cnona n nama penn-
rnx +ro cneonanne Kopany, cynne Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), mnennxm cnonnxnn-
xon, ranrnnon n nmamon-xanconeon. Mt epxnmcx +roro nyrn n nyrn,
yxasannoro nmamom Axmaom nn Xananom, n orcrpanxemcx or rex, xro ne
cneyer +rnm nyrem. Boncrnny, +ro npanent nmam, ycramn xoroporo Annax
pacxptn ncrnny n nnsnepr sanyxenne. B nrore nonyuaercx, uro naxxanrt
orpnnamr npnnanexnocrt nmama Axmaa x cynnnram, n ne satnare, uro
amapnrcxo axtt npnepxnnamrcx na ceronxmnn ent mannxnrt n ma-
]nrnrt.
6
Cm. rnany Axn cynna axn a-anxn rnna an-naxxanx (Cynnnrt n rna-
sax naxxanron sanymee reuenne).
6
Baxxanrt oxnnnn nanron sanymnmn n sanpernnn
conepmart monnrnt sa nanrcxnmn nmamamn
7
.
Baxxanrt oxnnnn sanymnmn nnxenne Fpartx-
mycyntmane
8
.
Baxxanrt oxnnnn sanymnmn nnxenne xamarar
a-arna na ar-rannr n sanpernnn nm ecrnonart na reppnro-
pnn Mexxn n Mennt
9
.
Baxxanrt no mepe nosmoxnocrn sannmamr nocrt nma-
mon n sanantx crpanax n nnocxr pasop n mycyntmancxym ym-
my, re t onn nn tnn, npnnocxr mycyntmanam rope n pasop
10
.
Baxxanrt onopounnn mycyntmancxnx yuentx, nnecmnx
orpomnt nxna n nospoxenne Hcnama, necmorpx na ro uro +rn
yuente yxe noxnnynn ce mnp
11
. B uacrnocrn nx xpnrnxa sarpo-
nyna Hn xapnpa ar-Taapn, xanconea ar-Tnpmnsn
12
, nmama
an-Iasann, anropa xnnrn Hxx rynym a-nn
13
, Hypyrnna ac-
Cannmn, Cana Kyra, nmama an-Xomenn, am-Barpann n py-
rnx.
Baxxanrt n cnonx xnnrax onnnxmr mycyntman n nene-
pnn n nnocxr pasop n mycyntmancxym ymmy.
Baxxanrt ncxaxamr xnnrn mycyntmancxnx yuentx, a
sarem ncnontsymr nx n cnonx rnycntx nenxx
14
.

7
Cm. ]erny mexa Hn Fasa, nsannym or nmenn xomnrera xpynnemnx yue-
ntx no nomepom 2/717 or 8.03.1407r. (11.11.1986r.).
8
Cm. An-Baxxanx na an-xapaxar an-ncnamnx (Baxxanrt n mycyntman-
cxne nnxennx).
9
Cm. counnennx nx yuenoro Xamya nn Iaynnt An-Kayny an-annr ]n
ar-arxsnp mnn xamara ar-rannr; +ro nnxenne cunraercx sanpemenntm n
naxxanrcxnx crpanax.
10
Cm. Mnn acap an-naxmnx nnnn nar ac-cana]nx (Harynte nocnecr-
nnx cana]nrcxnx nononneenn).
11
Cm. An-Xanas an-]nxpn rnna an-naxxanx (Hnrennexryantnte myrxn
naxxanron).
12
Cm. Ka]a xraramanm an-xamannx mara an-rynxma (Kax ornocxrcx xa-
mannrt x yuentm).
13
Cm. xnnrn Cennma an-Xnnxnn, n xoroptx on xpnrnxyer nsnecrnoro xom-
menraropa Kopana Carna Xanna, Xacana an-Fanny n pyrnx yuentx.
14
Cm. Kas an-xamannx ranx anmmar an-apara (Xamannrcxax noxt n a-
pec uertpex nmamon).
7
Baxxanrt, urot npnrn x nnacrn, pasnxsann reppop na
reppnropnn Apanncxoro nonyocrpona, oxnnnn osnonenntm
nponnrne xponn mycyntman, na camom xe ene nce +ro conepma-
noct rontxo pan naxnnt, nx roro, urot sannaert nx semnx-
mn n nmymecrnom
15
.
Ecnn t nx nen nmenn xort xaxym-ro nennocrt mt t
nx npnnxnn, no eno n rom, uro nx neanexn pasym nspan nem
anrponomop]nocrn ora (ramnx), onee roro, onn oxnnnn
osnonenntm nponnrne xponn rex, xro npnepxnnaercx mnennx
o rom, uro semnx npamaercx noxpyr connna.
Ha npaxrnxe cxnatnaercx raxoe omymenne, uro nx
enncrnenno nentm xnnxercx ynnuroxenne Hcnama noome. H
n +rom ner nnuero crpannoro, net yxe nocne cmeprn Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.) onn nocneonann sa Mycanamo n crann nepoorcrynnn-
xamn. Oparno n nono Hcnama nx cmor nepnyrt rontxo meu Xa-
nna nn Banna n pyrnx cnonnxnnxon Hpopoxa (c.r.c.). Ho
ncnomnnre, xax onn nepnynnct n Hcnam onn nepnynnct rontxo
nocne roro, xax ynnn 3aa nn Xarraa n pyrnx cnonnxnn-
xon, snanmnx nansycrt nect Kopan, uem nanecnn Hcnamy ceptes-
nym pany.
Hcrnna n mypocrt nsnecrna rontxo onomy Annaxy, no
no npomecrnnn nexon +ra pana nnont nauana nsneprartcx rnoem.
Baxxanrt nnont nepnynnct. a, renept onn ne cneymr sa nxe-
npopoxom, onaxo onn nontsymrcx remn xe camtmn craptmn
meroamn n nnont nponnnamr xpont mycyntman
16
. Tenept naxxa-
nrt, naen mycyntmancxne nnamn, ntramrcx paspymnrt Hcnam
nsnyrpn, ouepnnrt ero n rnasax pyrnx nme. Hx nont nosynr
- Fopta c mornnonoxnonnnuecrnom, on aer nm nosmoxnocrt
oxnnrt nenepntmn ncex mycyntman, xnnymnx na semne.
Hmenno no+romy x cuen cnoe oxsannocrmt pasxcnnrt
cyrt +ro cexrt n nnecrn cno nxna n ncxopenenne +roro rno-

15
Cm. An-Baxxanxry ac-ca]]axyn (Kponoxante naxxanrt).
16
Hecmorpx na nce norepn mycyntmanam yanoct samennrt pacnpocrpanenne
+roro nnxennx, xora ernnercxn nama Myxammarann xax npecrannrent
Ocmancxo nmnepnn n 1814r. conepmnn noxo na semnn, saxnauennte naxxa-
nramn, a n 1818r. ocnoonn or nnx nect Hex.
8
nnxa c uncroro rena Hcnama. B cnoe paore x nontsonancx rpy-
amn n nexnnxmn
17
mnornx yuentx, npecrannrene pasnnuntx
reuenn, nnraramn ns naxxanrcxnx xnnr n nexnn, ntcxastna-
nnxmn pyxononrene xpncrnancxoro mnpa, xoropte ne orpnna-
mr
18
nonesnocrt naxxanrcxo cexrt n ocrnxennn nx nene.
a, x snam, uro ornomenne naxxanron xo mne yer cranonnrt-
cx xyxe n xyxe, no necmorpx na +ro nnmy +ry xnnry n naexe
na mnnocrt Annaxa, noncrnne, On ne norynr exnnx rex, xro
rnopnr naroe.
Ij_^bkeh\b_ d i_j\hfm ba^Zgbx
Xnana Annaxy, mnp n narocnonenne Ero nspannomy no-
cnannnxy, anee.
Haunnax c ne Mycanamt an-Kassaa n Haxart nn
Iamnpa an-Xann]n n name ymme npemx or npemenn noxnnxmrcx
pasnnunte epernuecxne reuennx n cexrt. Bor n n namem nexe ns
sement Hexa ntpoc por carant, xoropt npoxnnncx n nnxe-
nnn naxxansma, xoropoe nnnort o namnx ne ceer pasop
cpen mycyntman, onnnxx ennooxnnxon n xstuecrne n npo-
nnnax nx xpont, necmorpx na ro uro onn saxnnxmr: Ham Ioc-
not Annax.
Mt n +ro xnnre xornm pacxptrt nepe nsopom unrarenx
cyrt +roro anrnncnamcxoro nnxennx, cnyxamero opyxnem ny-
een n xpncrnan n nx opte npornn Hcnama. Baxxanrt onn-
nxmr mycyntman n nenepnn n meronuno crapamrcx ynnuroxart
cnonx npornnnnxon, mt xe ocrannxem xoneunte ntnot na cy
unrarenx, nycrt on cam ornernr cee, xoro cneyer ncxopennrt.
Fontmnncrno namnx crare no +ro remarnxe pasmemeno n Hn-
repnere.
Mexy nnmn n namn nponcxonnn oxecrouennte nc-
xyccnn, onaxo n nrore, nnx namn ocronte ornert n onot,
onn tnn ntnyxent npnxptrt ony ns cnonx crpannuex n Hn-
repnere. B name paore nam nomorann yuente npecrannrenn

17
3ra xnnra xnnxercx nsrnxom mycyntman na +rnx xapnxnron.
18
B cnoe paore x ocnontnancx rontxo na ocronepntx ntcxastnannxx n
xnnrax, a raxxe na npnsnannxx camnx naxxanron.
9
pasnnuntx masxaon, ananmne nam nonesnte ]ernt, n nam
yanoct pacxptrt cyrt +ro cexrt. Ho+romy mt cunraem cnoe
oxsannocrtm pacxptrne +ro ncrnnt nx mnpoxoro xpyra un-
rarene
19
.
xoneuno xe ntrancx sanepmnrt +ry xnnry xax moxno
tcrpee, no no npemx paort ntxnnxnnct nce nonte n nonte
nemn, xoropte tno npocro neoxonmo ocnernrt. nacrontxo
tn nornomen +ro paoro, uro orptnancx or nee rontxo rora,
xora cntman npnstn na yrpennmm monnrny.
H nor nacrynnn momenr, xora x nce-raxn pemnn ocrano-
nnrtcx n nsart ro, uro yxe tno rorono. Onaxo cnom paory x
na +rom ne sanepmam, a namepenamct n anee nsanart crartn n
xnnrn o +rom nnxennn, nnocxmem pasop n mycyntmancxym
ymmy. Ho+romy oxnare nontx marepnanon, net, xax nsnecr-
no, oxt naunnaercx c nepno xannn.
3ect x xouy oparnrt name nnnmanne na ono ouent
naxnoe ocroxrentcrno, nama xnnra xpnrnxyer rex, xro ]ana-
rnuno npnepxnnaercx naxxanrcxnx ne n nponarannpyer
nx, n nncxontxo ne sarparnnaer rex mycyntman, xoropte xnnyr n
Mexxe n Menne, ncnonnxx npenncannx cnoe pennrnn, n ne
cneymr nnxaxnm reuennxm.

19
Hosnee naxxanrt orxptnn nont car, no ero yxe xonrponnponann nx
ornercrnennte nnna, xoropte nemenenno yanxnn re nonpoct n comnennx
omecrnennocrn, na xoropte y nnx ne tno ornera. Hanpnmep, mt nnuno
saann nm nonpoc ornocnrentno xommenrapnx x axte ar-Taxann, re on nt-
cxastnaer nem o necocroxrentnocrn mnponosspennx nm noontx, n onn
mrnonenno yannnn +ror nonpoc. Ha ceronxmnn ent naxxanrt onnnxmr
n nenepnn ne rontxo nanron, mnnron, no n nce uertpe mycyntmancxnx mas-
xaa, n xauecrne onoa cnoe nosnnnn onn ncnontsymr ]ernt Hn Fasa n
an-Iycemnna o xxot necocroxrentnocrn amapnrcxo axtt, nocxontxy ra
nenepno rpaxryer oxecrnennte arpnyrt. B nrore nonyuaercx, uro ceuac n
mnpe enncrnenntmn mycyntmanamn xnnxmrcx rontxo naxxanrt.
10
<\_^_gb_
Dlh lZdb_ oZjb^`blu?
Ecrt mnoxecrno xancon, n xoroptx coomaercx o noxn-
nennn epernuecxo cexrt, xoropax yer ncrpenxrt ennoox-
nnxon, ocrannxx nenpenmtmn xstunnxon. Hexoropte ntrannct
rpaxronart +rn xanct n ronopnnn, uro +ro nce xnrenn an-
Haxapnana, ntcrynnnmne npornn Iann. xe na ocnone anannsa
npnmen x ntnoy, uro +rn xanct ne ornocxrcx nn x ono ns
cropon nonnrnuecxoro xon]nnxra, cpen xoroptx tnn ynaxa-
emte caxat. Hrax, +ro ne ornocnrcx nn x xnrenxm an-
Haxapnana, nn x nocxy Iamn, nn x nocxy Myrannn. Houemy?
a noromy, uro n +rnx nocxax nese tnn ynaxaemte caxat,
nouemy xe Hpopox (c.r.c.) ntennn caxaon n ocrannn es nnn-
mannx pasnnunte cexrt?
B ro xe npemx x samernn, uro ntmeynomxnyrte noxnte
peun pacnpocrpanxmr npecrannrenn nono, naxxanrcxo cex-
rt, nmenno onn nnont n nnont rpenoxar xocrn ynaxaemtx cno-
nnxnnxon.
Hnxe mt npnnonm nexoropte ns ynomxnyrtx xancon:
Fnnxe x Cynomy nm noxnnrcx rpynna nme c fh-
ehqgufb am[Zfb, rnyntmn nexmn, ijhbaghkysbo emqrb_
j_qb, onaxo onn yyr noxnart Hcnam rax xe tcrpo, xax no-
xnaer crpena rernny nyxa, bo \_jZ g_ ih^gbf_lky \ur_ ]hj-
eZ. Ecnn nt nx ncrpernre, ro nenpemenno yere, ror, xro yter
nx, nonyunr narpay or Annaxa n Cynt ent (nepean an-
Fyxapn).
Or Ay Carna an-Xypn nepeaercx, uro Hpopox (c.r.c.)
cxasan: Ha nocroxe noxnxrcx nmn, xoropte yyr unrart Ko-
pan, onaxo on ne npecrynaer rpannn nx ropna. 3rn nmn yyr
noxnart pennrnm, rax xe xax noxnaer crpena rernny nyxa, no-
cne uero onn ne nepnyrcx n pennrnm, noxa crpena ne nepnercx
oparno x rernne. V Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) cnpocnnn: Kaxont xe or-
nnunrentnte xauecrna +rnx nme? on ornernn: Hx ornnunem
11
yer pnrte ronont (nepean an-Fyxapn)
20
. V Mycnnma cxasa-
no: Onn orenxrcx or nme.
Onaxt Iann (p.A.r.) ornpannn Hpopoxy (c.r.c.) sonoro,
n Hpopox (c.r.c.) pasennn ero mexy Apararo an-Axpary nn
Xancy an-Xansann an-Myxamnrn, Iyxno nn Fap an-
uasapn, 3aom ar-Tan, onnm ns npecrannrene nnemenn Fa-
ny Haxan, Iantxamo nn Iynacara an-Iamnpn n onnm ns
npecrannrene nnemenn Fany Knnx. Vsnan o ero nocrynxe, an-
capt n myxaxnpt paccepnnnct n cxasann: Houemy on pasaer
sonoro rnanam nexncxnx nnemen, a ne nam? Hpopox (c.r.c.),
oxcnxx, cxasan: xenam, urot onn crann nnxe x nam.
uepes nexoropoe npemx x Hpopoxy (c.r.c.) npnmen uenonex c sa-
nncrnnntmn rnasamn, necrxmnmn mexamn, ntcrynammnm
nom, rycro opoo, nocrpnxennt nantco n cxasan: O My-
xamma, noocx Fora, n Hpopox (c.r.c.) ornernn: Kro xe no-
onrcx Annaxa, ecnn x ocnymamct ero? On onepnn mne xnrene
3emnn, neyxenn nt ne onepxere mne?. Kro-ro ns cnonnxnn-
xon nonpocnn paspemennx ero ynrt, nosmoxno, +ro tn Xann
nn Bann, no Hpopox (c.r.c.) sanpernn ynnart +roro uenonexa.
Kora on ymen, Hpopox (c.r.c.) cxasan: Hs poa +roro uenonexa
noxnnrcx rpynna nme, dhlhju_ [m^ml qblZlv DhjZg, h^gZdh
hg g_ \uc^_l ^Zevr_ bo ]hjeZ, +rn nmn yyr noxnart pe-
nnrnm rax xe, xax crpena noxnaer rernny nyxa. 3rn nmn y-
yr ynnart mycyntman n ocrannxrt n noxoe xstunnxon. Ecnn x
oxnny o rex npemen, ro nenpemenno yy cpaxartcx c nnmn n
ynnart rax xe, xax tnn ynrt ranrt, n pyrom pnnaxre
camynrt. Hepean an-Fyxapn n pyrne.
Or Hn Iymapa (p.A.r.) nepeaercx, uro on cntman, xax
Hpopox (c.r.c.), nonepnynmnct nnnom na nocrox, cxasan: Cmyra
npner orrya, re noxnnrcx por carant. Hepean Mannx, an-
Fyxapn, Mycnnm, Axma n pyrne. B pnnaxre or Axmaa cxasa-
no: Onn ntyr c nocroxa.

20
Xanct c noxoxnmn ntpaxennxmn ecrt y an-Hacan, Hn Maxn, Ay a-
ya n Axmaa.
12
Hs moe ymmt ntyr nmn c ypntmn exnnxmn, onn
yyr unrart Kopan, onaxo on ne nonnmercx ntme nx ropna.
sn cxasan: Hpopox (c.r.c.) cxasan: Bt yere cunrart, uro
namn exnnx nycrxx n cpannennn c nx exnnxmn, onaxo onn y-
yr ynnart mycyntman. Ho+romy ecnn onn noxnxrcx, ro ynna-
re nx, ecnn onn noxnxrcx nnont, ynnare nx, ecnn onn noxnxrcx
nnont, ynnare nx. Kax npexpacnt re, xro nx ynnaer n norna-
er or nx pyx. Kaxt pas, xora yer ntpacrart +ror por, An-
nax yer ero opyart. 3rn cnona Hpopox (c.r.c.) nonropnn
onee nanarn pas, a x croxn n cnyman. Hepean Axma.
Taxont nanonee naxnte xanct no +romy nonoy, uacrt
+rnx xancon ocronepna, a uacrt ner. Vuente nx +ro epern-
uecxo cexrt n ncem ee npecrannrene npnymann repmnn xa-
napnx (xapnxnrt)
21
.

21
Tepmnn xapnxnrt noxnnncx no npemena Iann (p.A.r.), n nm nmenonann
ncex, xro ntcrynnn npornn nero nnn npornn ero crannennnxon. Hanpnmep, n
Tapnx an-ymam na an-mynmx ar-Taapn r. 3, c. 127, n rnane Ero nnctma x
Mannxy nn an-Xapncy an-Amrapn cxasano: . nasnaunn Myxammaa nn
Ay Faxpa cnonm namecrnnxom n Ernnre, no npornn nero noccrann xapnxn-
rt, n annom cnyuae no xapnxnramn nmemrcx n nny croponnnxn Mya-
nnn. B pyrom nnctme Iann nastnaer xapnxnramn croponnnxon Iycmana n
Hemene. Kora on n xauecrne cnoero namecrnnxa n Hemene nocrannn Iya-
ynny nn an-Iaaca, a noenauantnnxom Carna nn Hampana, xnrenn He-
mena noccrann npornn nnx. Ho +romy nonoy Iann nnmer: B cnoem nnctme
nt ronopnre o noccrannn xapnxnron. Ay an-Xan, Bapx naxx an-
anxra r. 2, c. 4. 3rnm xe repmnnom Iann nmenyer xnrene an-Haxpanana,
eseprnponanmnx ns ero nocxa. Hosnee xe repmnn xapnxnrt cran oo-
snauart nce epernuecxne rpynnt n cexrt, ntmemne ns nona Hcnama. Ha +ror
xe repmnn yxastnamr n xanct Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), n xoroptx cxasano: <uc-
^ml n orenxrcx or nme, <uc^ml c nocroxa, Hs moe ymmt \uc^_l
rpynna, xoropax yer rnopnrt sno. Onaxo n ro xe npemx +ror repmnn mo-
xer oosnauart n ntxo na nyrn Annaxa, nanpnmep, n Kopane cxasano: ?keb
dlh ihdb^Z_l k\hc ^hf, gZijZ\eyykv d :eeZom b ?]h ihkeZggbdm, b _keb _]h
[\ imlb] ihklb]g_l kf_jlv, lh \hagZ]jZ`^_gb_ _]h - aZ :eeZohf. :eeZo -
ijhsZxsbc, fbehk_j^guc (4:100), ?keb [u hgb `_eZeb \uklmiblv \ ih-
oh^, lh ijb]hlh\beb [u \h_ggh_ kgZjy`_gb_ (9:46), b _keb hgb ihijhkyl
m l_[y ^ha\he_gby \uklmiblv \ ihoh^, hl\_qZc. <u gbdh]^Z g_ \uklmibl_
kh fghc \ ihoh^ b gbdh]^Z g_ klZg_l_ kjZ`Zlvky \f_kl_ kh fghc ijhlb\
\jZ]Z (9:83). Mt xe n anno xnnre no repmnnom xanapnx (xapnxn-
13
H ecnn ocnonntm xpnrepnem +ro cexrt cunrart nx
opty c ennooxnnxamn, xoroptx onn onnnxmr n xstuecrne,
ro cranonnrcx xcno, uro x nonxrnm xapnxnr moxno ornecrn
aspaxnron, ca]pnron, nexnron n ncex nm noontx. H ouent
neuantno, uro nexoropte yuente ornocxr x nnm re nonnrnuec-
xne cnnt, na cropone xoroptx tnn cnonnxnnxn n xoropte
ntcrynann npornn Iann. A uro xacaercx xnrene an-Haxapnana,
ro nnuro ne cnnerentcrnyer o rom, uro ynomxnyrte xanct or-
nocxrcx x nnm. Tontxo n onom ns xancon nocne cnon o rom, uro
+rn nmn xnnxmrcx epernxamn, cxasano: Cpen nnx yer ue-
nonex c remntm nnerom xoxn na pyxax, ero ytmr n an-
Haxapnane, Iann nennr orpynrt emy pyxy n yer epxart ee
no npemx npononen
22
.
Cneyer ormernrt, uro xanc c +rnm oannennem coep-
xnr n cee cneymmne comnnrentnte momenrt:
Xanc n +rom napnanre npnnonrcx or 3n ac-Canx or
Ay Carna an-Xypn n ero nepean rontxo as-3yxpn, npnuem on
cctnancx na Ay Canamy. Ha camom xe ene nn onn ns yuenn-
xon Ay Canamt, nn Myxamma nn Hpaxnm ar-Tanmn, nn an-
Acna nn Ianx, nn Myxamma nn Iamp ne nepeamr ero n ra-
xo ]opme. Haoopor, onn nonecrnymr, uro Ay Canama n Iara
nn cap, npnx x Ay Carny an-Xypn, cnpocnnn y nero o xa-
pypnrax n on ornernn: ne cntman o xapypnrax, onaxo cnt-
man, xax Hpopox (c.r.c.) cxasan: Hs +ro ymmt nter. n ne
ynomxnyn oannenne o uenonexe c uepntmn pyxamn.
3ro oannenne ne ynomnnamr n pyrne yuennxn Ay
Carna an-Xypn, n uacrnocrn ocronepnte xanct na +ry remy
nepeamrcx or Ay am-Barca xanpa nn 3aa, Iapaxmana
nn Ay Harnma, Ay ac-Cttxa an-Haxn, sna an-uaxnpa,
Maraa nn Cnpnna n Ay Hapt, no nn onn ns nnx ne npn-
nonr ynomxnyroro oannennx.

rt) yem nmert n nny rontxo naxxanron-epernxon, a nx npnnanexnocrt x
epecn mt, no none Annaxa, oxaxem nnxe.
22
cno, uro nocnenne cnona oannent n xanc, mt nn n xoem cnyuae ne
npnmem ror ]axr, uro xxot nonennrent npanonepntx Iann rnymnncx na
rpynamn, orpyax nm pasnnunte oprant.
14
uro xacaercx nmama Iann, ro ocronepnte xanct or ne-
ro raxxe nepeamrcx es ynomxnyroro oannennx.
Or camoro 3n ac-Cann nepeamrcx pnnaxrt +roro xan-
ca, raxxe es oannennx, xpome roro, es oannennx +ror xa-
nc nepeamr raxne cnonnxnnxn, xax Anac nn Mannx, Ia-
ynna nn Iymap, Iaynna nn Macry, Ay Faxpara, Ay 3app
an-In]apn, Pa]nr nn Iymap an-In]apn, Caxn nn Xann], Ay
Amama an-Faxnn, Iaynna nn Iamp nn an-Iac, Iamnp nn Ba-
cnnx.
uro xe xacaercx pnnaxra, nepeanaemoro or xanpa nn
Iaynnt, ro n onom ns snenten nenouxn nocne nero cronr
Mycnnm nn Maxxn, xoropt tn nsnecren rem, uro cam nty-
mtnan xanct, n ncxaxan cymecrnymmne xanct, a cneona-
rentno, +ror pnnaxr raxxe xnnxercx neocronepntm
23
.
Hamn cnona nornepxaer ror ]axr, uro Iann x xnrenxm
an-Haxapnana ornocnncx nyume, uem x cnonm npornnnnxam n
Bame, n nepe cnoe cmeprtm on cxasan: Hocne moe cmeprn
ne ynnare xapnxnron (noncrannen)
24
, ecnn t n ero cnonax
peut mna o nacroxmnx xapnxnrax-epernxax, ro nonyunnoct t,
uro Iann nonenenaer orxasartcx or oxsarentnoro ecrnnx, a
nmenno ncrpenennx epernxon.
Ha camom ene nmam Iann cpaxancx c xnrenxmn an-
Haxapnana ne ns-sa roro, uro onn tnn xapnxnramn, a ns-sa
roro, uro noccrann npornn nero. B pnnaxre an-Faxaxn, nepean-
nom or Ay Bannx, para Hn Canamt, cxasano: Hexro cnpocnn
y Iann: Kax mt ysnaem cnonx mynon n ror ent, xora yem
noenart c xstunnxamn? Iann cnpocnn: Houemy c xstunnxa-
mn? Myxunna ornernn: C nnnemepamn? Iann ornernn: Hn-
nemept nnmt nspexa ncnomnnamr Annaxa. Myxunna cnpocnn:
Kro xe rora namn npornnnnxn?, Iann ornernn: Onn no-
ncrannt, no+romy mt n nomem c nnmn
25
.

23
Cm. ncceprannm marncrpa Hactpa ac-Canrn, n xoropo on anannsnpyer
xanct o xapnxnrax.
24
Hn Ay an-Xan. Bapx naxx an-anxra. T. 5. C. 78.
25
Pnnaxr or Hn Ay Bat n ero copnnxe no nomepom 37942.
15
Hrax, mt c namn ntxcnnnn, uro xnrenn an-Haxapnana ne
xnnxmrcx remn, xro ynomxnyr n xancax Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) O xom
xe rora ner peut n +rnx xancax? urot narn orner na +ror
nonpoc, nam cneyer npoanannsnponart nce xanct o xapnxn-
rax n ntennrt nce xauecrna, xoroptmn nx onnctnaer Hpopox
(c.r.c.).
:gZeba oZ^bkh\ h oZjb^`blZo
Camtmn rnanntmn xauecrnamn xapnxnron, ynomxnyrt-
mn n +rnx xancax xnnxmrcx:
1. Ihy\ylky \ ihke_^g__ \j_fy (nnxe x Cynomy nm
n.n.). Cneonarentno, no ncreuennn rpnnanarn nexon mt nn-
xax ne moxem yrnepxart, uro n xancax peut mna o xnrenxx
an-Haxapnana. Ecnn xe mt npncmorpnmcx x nepnoy ncropnn
nnsxomy x nam, ro ynnnm, uro ecrnnrentno noxnnnact cexra,
xoropax oxnnxer mycyntman xstunnxamn n saxnnxer o rom, uro
nx camnx moxno ynnart, a nx nmymecrno npncnannart. Hpe-
crannrenn +ro cexrt nastnamr mycyntmancxnx yuentx myra-
nramn n cunramr npantmn rontxo camnx cex. Mt ronopnm o
cexre naxxanron, xoropte c ocotm pnennem xanct o xapn-
xnrax ornocxr x xnrenxm an-Haxapnana.
2. WlZ k_dlZ \uc^_l lh]^Z, dh]^Z ex^b jZa^_eylky gZ
jZaebqgu_ ]jmiiu. a, mt cornacnt c rem, uro, xora xnrenn
an-Haxapnana ntcrynnnn npornn Iann, cpen mycyntman yxe
tn pasop, peut ner o npornnocroxnnn mexy Iann n Myann-
e. Ho samertre, uro n xance peut ner ne o pasope mexy my-
cyntmanamn, a o pasope mexy nmtmn noome. uro xe xacaer-
cx naxxanron, ro onn ecrnnrentno noxnnnnct nmenno rora,
xora na name nnanere napnn pasop mexy ncemn nmtmn.
Bcnomnnre mnponte nont, ncnomnnre xononnsannm mycynt-
mancxnx crpan, semnn xoroptx nyen n xpncrnane noennnn
mexy coo. He xaxercx nn nam crpanntm n ror ]axr, uro nax-
xanrt ncrpeuamr n mrtxn nmte npnstnt x oennennm
mycyntmancxoro mnpa. Hanpnmep, onn camn saxnnxmr, uro ne
16
npnnxnn npnstn Xacana an-Fannt x cnnxennm mycyntmancxnx
masxaon
26
.
3. Hgb \uc^ml k \hklhdZ. He ntstnaer comnennx, uro n
xance no nocroxom nmeercx n nny Hex. B xance or Hn
Iymapa xcno cxasano, uro Hpopox (c.r.c.) cxasan: O Annax, na-
rocnonn nam Bam n Hemen. Cnonnxnnxn cxasann: H nam
Hex. Hpopox (c.r.c.) cxasan: O Annax, narocnonn nam Bam
n Hemen. Cnonnxnnxn nnont cxasann: H nam Hex. Tora
Hpopox (c.r.c.) ornernn: B Hexe norpxcennx n cmyrt, nmen-
no orrya nosnnxner por carant
27
; nponsnecx +rn cnona, Hpo-
pox (c.r.c.) yxasan na nocrox, nornepxax, uro peut ner o
Hexe. H na camom ene naxxanrcxax cexra saponnact n
Hexe, onee roro, onn npnsnann nme nepecenxrtcx n
Hex, xorx ceronx n orpnnamr +ror ]axr
28
.
4. Hgb [m^ml qblZlv DhjZg, h^gZdh hg g_ ih^gbf_lky
\ur_ bo ]hjeZ. Btcrynnenne xnrene an-Haxapnana tno nt-
snano xenannem conmcrn npenncannx Kopana, nocxontxy onn
tnn yexent, uro uenonex ne nmeer npano npenounrart cnon
ntnot, ecnn ecrt cnxmennt rexcr no +romy nonoy. Onn sna-
nn, uro Kopanom ycranonnent naxasannx sa noponcrno, noccra-
nne n npoune napymennx saxona. Kax nnnre, Kopan ne rontxo
nonxncx ntme ropna xnrene an-Haxapanana, no, onee roro,
onn xenann npernopnrt sanert Kopana n xnsnt. uro xe xacaercx
naxxanron, ro onn ntmr xpoxonnont cnest n cnxmennemnx
meuerxx, no n ro xe npemx xnenemyr na mycyntman n nontsymr-
cx nx cnonx nene nmymecrnom, npnnanexamnm ncem mycynt-
manam. Fonee nopono mt noronopnm o +rom nnxe.
5. Hgb l\hjyl aeh. uro xe xacaercx xnrene an-
Haxapnana, ro ontmnncrno nx nornno, uro xe xacaercx oc-
rantntx, ro nsnecrno, uro onn ornnuannct cnoe npanenocrtm,
anann nmxm narne nacrannennx n crapannct yepxnnart or

26
Cm. An-Baxxanx na an-xapaxar an-ncnamnx.
27
V an-Fyxapn, ar-Tnpmnsn n Axmaa.
28
Hamn cnona nornepxamr cnnerentcrna mexa Cynemana nn Iayn-
naxxaa, para ocnonarenx naxxanrcxoro nnxennx, a raxxe cnnerentcrna
Hn Famapa, xoropte mt npnneem nnxe.
17
ypnoro. Onaxt, cnonnxnnxn cnpocnnn y Hpopoxa (c.r.c.):
Kaxo nn xnxaa camt nyumn? On ornernn: Cnono nc-
rnnt, cxasannoe n nnno npannrenm-rnpany
29
. Fonee roro, mno-
rne xnrenn an-Haxapnana nornnn, nacrannxx npannrene-
rnpanon
30
. uro xe xacaercx naxxanron, ro onn craparentno o-
nnnxmr mycyntman n nenepnn n oxnnxmr nx oromemnmn or
Hcnama. Bcnomnnre ]erny Hn Fasa o rom, uro connne npamaer-
cx noxpyr semnn. Tax nor, mycyntmannn, ne npnnxnmn +ry ]er-
ny, xnnxercx nenepntm, ero xpont n nmymecrno cranonxrcx os-
nonenntmn. Kpome roro, naxxanrcxne xnnrn nonnt pasnnuno
xnenert n apec mnornx nsnecrntx mycyntmancxnx yuentx.
6. Hgb [m^ml m[b\Zlv fmkmevfZg b sZ^blv yauqgb-
dh\. Kax nsnecrno, xnrenn an-Haxapnana noenann npornn xstu-
nnxon, n uacrnocrn onn ns nnx tn noenauantnnx Iymapa nn
an-Xaraa Xypxyc nn 3axnp ac-Carn, ocnoonnmn an-Axnas.
Hosnee xnrenn an-Haxapnana orxasannct yuacrnonart n nonax
mexy mycyntmanamn, nocxontxy eme ne ycnenn npnnecrn npn-
cxry xann]y. uro xe xacaercx naxxanron, ro nx ncropnx nonna
cnyuaen nponnrnx xponn npocrtx mycyntman, rpaexa nx nmy-
mecrna n nnenennx nx xen. Onn n camn npnsnamr +ro. Hcropnx
ne snaer raxnx npemen, xora naxxanrt noenann npornn nparon
Hcnama.
7. Bo hlebqb_f [m^_l [jblv_ ]heh\u, cornacno pnnaxry
Axmaa. Hn Xaxap yrnepxaer, uro y npornnnnxon Iann ra-
xoro xauecrna ne tno
31
. uro xe xacaercx naxxanron, ro conpe-
mennte yuente, n n uacrnocrn mexxancxn ma]nrnrcxn my]-
rn mex Axma 3ann axnxn
32
, yrnepxamr, uro mex My-

29
Hepean Axma, nce nepearunxn naexnte nmn.
30
Hanpnmep, Ay Fnnxnt n ero par Iypna nn Ay Anx, a cmnnocrnnnrcx
na nnm Annax.
31
Hn Xaxap uarx an-Fapn 13/537, nomep 7123.
32
3ro nsnecrnt yuent Axma 3ann axnxn, on tn nacrannnxom mnornx
nsnecrntx yuentx. Ero nepy npnnanexar raxne xnnrn xax Ac-Cnpa an-
naannx na an-acap an-myxammanx, An-uyryxar an-ncnamnx ara mytn
]yryxar an-naannx, An-uarx an-mynn ]n cnpar xyna]a ap-pamnnn,
xpome roro, y nero ecrt xommenrapnn x Ac-Camapxannx, An-Hsxapy ]n
ar-ranxn, Ant]nx Hn Mannx. Taxxe ero nepy npnnanexar counnennx
18
xamma nn Iaynnaxxa nonenenan ncem, xro ncrynaer n pxt
ero nnxennx, pnrt ronont, urot y nnx orpacrann nonte no-
noct, ne nosnanmne xstuecrna. Hsnecrno, uro onaxt xenmn-
na nocrannna ero n esntxonoe nonoxenne, ona cxasana emy:
Tt nonenenaemt xenmnnam pnrt ronont nantco, a net no-
noct yxpamenne xenmnnt. Tora ree cneyer nenert myx-
unnam pnrt opot, xoropte raxxe xnnxmrcx nx yxpamennem.
H Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa ne cmor ornernrt e
33
. My]rn
3ye ac-cen Iapaxman an-Axa ronopnn: Her neoxon-
mocrn nncart onponepxennx o cexre naxxanron, ocrarouno xa-
nca Hpopoxa (c.r.c.): Hx ornnunem yer pnrte ronont, +ror
nrar npaxrnxyercx rontxo n nx cexre
34
.
Hrax, mt ntxcnnnn, uro n xancax peut ner nmenno o
pennrnosno epecn, a ne o nonnrnuecxom npornnocroxnnn mex-
y Iann n ero npornnnnxamn. Hmenno no+romy, mon oporne
partx, x nsxncx sa nanncanne +ro xnnrn. B ne x nopono oc-
ranannnnamct na ornnunrentntx xauecrnax naxxanron n npn-
noxy onot o rom, uro ynomxnyrte xanct ontme ncero no-
xoxr x nnm. Kpome +roro, n +ro xnnre x npnnoxy mnoxecrno
ocronepntx onoon n ncropnuecxnx ]axron. H, noncrnny, nce
nacrannenne rontxo or Annaxa.
=eZ\Z i_j\Zy
AgZdhfkl\h k \ZooZ[bafhf
Cexra naxxanron-xamannron cunraer, uro ona camax co-
nepmennax, na camom ene ona camax conepmennax n sanyxe-
nnn, n +ro rnane nt onapyxnre, xax rouno x +ro cexre noxo-

no anrepe, rpaxrar o ocrannxmmem monnrny, counnenne no apacxo crn-
nncrnxe, rpaxrar o ncmnnne, rpaxrar o cananarax Hpopoxy (c.r.c.), rpaxrar no
apacxo rpammarnxe, A-ypap ac-cynnnx ]n ap-pa ranx an-naxxanx,
unrna an-naxxanx n Xynacar an-xanam ]n ymapa an-er an-xapam.
Kpome ynomxnyrtx, y nero ecrt eme mnoxecrno nonesntx xnnr. B annom
counnennn mt npnnonm ouent mnoro nnrar ns ero xnnr. Vmep n 1304r.
(1886r.).
33
Axma nn 3ann axnxn. unrna an-naxxanx. C. 19.
34
Tam xe.
19
xr xauecrna, ynomxnyrte Hpopoxom (c.r.c.) n xancax: Onn
ntyr n nocnenee npemx, Onn ntyr rora, xora mexy
nmtmn yer napnrt pasop, Hx ornnunem yer pnrte ro-
nont. Hrax, mt naunnaem snaxomnrt nac c +ro cexro.
AgZdhfkl\h k \ZooZ[bafhf
Baxxanrt noxnnnnct n Hexe, poonauantnnxom +ro
cexrt xnnxercx mex Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa. Bnemne
nnxenne noxnnnoct c nentm ncnpannennx napymenn mycynt-
mancxoro nepoyexennx n npana, optt c xstuecrnom n nos-
nennunnannem mornn. Hecomnenno, nenn naroponte, ocoen-
no ecnn yunrtnart, uro, no cnonam naxxanron, n re npemena
xnrenn Hexa nepnynnct n nopy xstuecrna
35
, ocrannnn mapn-
ar
36
n sanxnnct pasoem
37
. Her comnennx n rom, uro n semnxx
Hexa ncera noxnnxnnct nxenpopoxn, nepoorcrynnnxn, epe-
rnxn n xapnxnrt
38
. Xnrenn +roro pernona xnnxmrcx ouent xe-
croxnmn n rpytmn nmtmn, no+romy urot coxpanxrt n +rom
pernone nopxox, ncera nyxen tn cnntnt n rposnt npann-
rent.
a, naxxanrcxoe nnxenne nponosrnacnno nosynrn Hc-
npannenne n Fopta c xstuecrnom, no+romy n camom nauane
nmn nocnpnnxnn ero c paocrtm, onaxo nepnte xe marn +roro
nnxennx ntsnann cnntnoe pasouaponanne. Baxxanrt oxnn-
nn osnonenno xpont mycyntman-ennooxnnxon, onee roro,
paspemnnn ynnart axe ere n Hexe
39
. B cxopom npemenn

35
Iycman nn Famap an-Xanann an-Hexn, ym. 1288r. (1871r.). Iynnan
an-max ]n rapnx an-Hax .r., co cnncxom nacenenntx nynxron or mexa
Myxammaa Iapasaxa Xamst, myappnca n cnxmennom an-Xapame, 1/182.
36
Tam xe, 1/231.
37
Tam xe, 2/114.
38
Epernuecxne apacxne nnemena nexrnron, aspaxnron n ca]apnron, nce
poom ns Hexa.
39
Iynnan an-max., 1/60-61, nnxe ocranonnmcx na +rom noponee. Hm-
o spanomtcnxmn uenonex nonnmaer, uro ne nce xnrenn Hexa tnn
nepoorcrynnnxamn, cpen nnx tno mnoro xanannrcxnx yuentx n npane-
nnxon.
20
+ro nnxenne nponnxno n n pyrne mycyntmancxne pernont
40
,
re ano mycyntmanam nosmoxnocrt nxycnrt ncm ropeut paso-
uaponannx or rex, xro oxornrcx na mycyntman, ynnax nx, rpax,
pasonnuax
41
n npenxrcrnyx xaxnxm n conepmennn nanomnn-
uecrna
42
. B mycyntmancxnx semnxx nnxora ne rnopnnoct nnuero
noonoro, na raxoe ne tnn cnocont axe cexrt aspaxnron,
ca]apnron n npounx nepoorcrynnnxon. Kpome roro, naxxanrt
pasnepnynn reppop npornn rex yuentx
43
, xoropte ntcrynann c
xpnrnxo nx yexenn n ecrnn. Hoonax reppopncrnuec-
xax nonnrnxa n nanaenne na na cnxmenntx an-Xapama
44
ntny-
nnn Ocmancxne nnacrn n Xnxase n Myxammaa Iann namy n
Ernnre npnnxrt cnnonte mept, n pesyntrare xoroptx nepnoe
naxxanrcxoe rocyapcrno tno ynnuroxeno.
Hsyuenne ncropnn +roro nnxennx aer nosmoxnocrt
cenart ntno o rom, uro ero poonauantnnxamn crann nexoro-
pte nenexecrnennte maxnpt, ono nosnnxno n nocnenee npe-
mx, xora mycyntmane ocnann, npecrannrenn +roro nnxennx
noenann npornn mycyntman, nocxontxy nocunrann nx xstunnxa-
mn
45
, n ocrannnn n noxoe nacroxmnx xstunnxon
46
. Bex Cyne-

40
Fonee nopono o +rom yer paccxasano n pasene o ncropnn naxxans-
ma.
41
Hoponee n pasene Kponoxante naxxanrt.
42
Hoponee n pasene Heonymenne nme o cnxmennoro an-Xapama.
43
Cpen nnx tnn mex Cyneman nn Iaynnaxxa an-Hexn n mex
Axma nn 3ann axnxn.
44
Hmemrcx n nny meuert an-Xapam n Mexxe n meuert npopoxa (c.r.c.) n Me-
nne. n.n.
45
Bex Iycman an-Hexn n cnoe xnnre Iynnan an-max., 1/90, onn-
ctnax mycyntmancxne semnn, yxastnaer: .nce mycyntmancxne semnn no-
xpyr an-Xapamon, n Hemene, Omane, Hxca n Hexe ceuac xnnxmrcx xstuec-
xnmn. B nnx nt ne naere axe mycyntman, xoropte conepmamr noxasnte
ena nnn manentxn mnpx. Hs cnon anropa cneyer, uro nce mycyntmane +ro-
ro pernona conepmann ontmo mnpx. B +ro xe xnnre on, cctnaxct na rpax-
rar mexa Iapaxmana nn Xacana (2/23), onnctnax xstuecrno mycyntman
nocne nosnpamennx mexa Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa ns Facpt, yxast-
naer: Xnrenn ncex nacenenntx nynxron n +rnx pernonax nauann noxnonxrt-
cx nonam, mornnam, xnnnam, epentxm, xamnxm, n +ro npoonxanoct o
nenanaroro nexa (1688-1785rr.). a, mt moxem nonepnrt, uro xnrenn He-
21
man nn Iaynnaxxa an-Hexn, xpnrnxyx cnoero para My-
xammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa n cnoe xnnre ac-Canarnx an-
nnxxnx ]n ap-pa ranx an-naxxanx yxastnaer, uro naxxanrt
ynnann ncex, xro orxastnancx nepecennrtcx n Hex
47
, n ror
Hex, o xoropom Hpopox (c.r.c.) cxasan: Orrya npnyr no-
rpxcennx n cmyrt, orrya noxnnrcx por carant.
Ho cyrn, ena naxxanrt
48
xpnrnxymr mycyntman ns-sa
pasnornacn no nropocrenenntx nonpocax, ne nmemmnx nnxaxo-
ro ornomennx x ocnonam Hcnama. Tontxo ns-sa pacxoxenn no
nropocrenenntx nonpocax onn oxnnxmr mycyntman nenepnt-
mn. 3rn nmn cneymr sa yuennem Hn Tamnn n ero nocneo-
narene n npnepxnnamrcx yxnantno rpaxronxn Kopana n
cynnt, nonnocrtm orpnnax nontrxn pannonantnoro nonnmannx
cnxmenntx rexcron. Ha camom xe ene nx nen ouent axe ne-
cocroxrentnt n ne ntepxnnamr axe maneme xpnrnxn. Bax-
xanrcxne yuente ne moryr npornnocroxrt onoam, npnneen-

Hexa oromnn or pennrnn, no uro xacaercx mexxannen n mennnen, ro +roro
onycrnrt nenosmoxno. Bnyxn Mycanamt cnnmxom npeynennunnamr mac-
mrat pacnpocrpanennx xstuecrna.
46
Boxn naxxansma n camn +ro npnsnamr, n nacrannennxx nx apmnn,
nonncanntx cornxmn cayncxnx yuentx, cxasano: Becroe: nocne roro,
xax namn semnn tnn oennent, nama apmnx nn pasy ne noenana pan pac-
npocrpanennx ennooxnx nnn nx roro, urot nomout ynnxenntm mycynt-
manam, xnnymnm no cocecrny c namn. Enncrnennt pas +ro cnyunnoct,
xora mt noenann npornn enpeen na cropone Hopannn. Ha camom ene yua-
crne cayncxo apmnn n +ro none tno nacrontxo nesnaunrentntm, uro
ner cmtcna ynomnnart o +rom. Ho ontme ncero ynnnxer ro, uro +rn yue-
nte oxnnxmr xnxaom noennte onepannn cayncxo apmnn npornn my-
cyntman Mexxn, Mennt, Tan]a n pyrnx ropoon.
47
Bex Iapaxman nn Xacan nn Iaynnaxxa cpannnnaer mexa My-
xammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa c Hpopoxom, a Hn Carya c ancapamn, npn-
cxrnynmnmn Hpopoxy (Iynnan an-max., 2/24). Hnxe mt npnneem
npnmept, xax nexoropte ns naxxanrcxnx yuentx nastnann cnonx nocneo-
narene myxaxnpamn n ancapamn.
48
Vnnnxer, uro n namn nn naxxanrt crapamrcx ncrannnponartcx or cno-
ero nmenn, xoroptm eme nuepa rax ropnnnct. Pasne onn ne nomnxr, uro nx
nsnecrnt mex Cyneman nn Camxan (ym. 1349r. (1930r.)) nasnan ony ns
cnonx xnnr An-Xanxry ac-cynnnx na ar-ryx]ar an-naxxanx an-naxnx
(an-Manap, Ernner 1342r. (1923r.))?.
22
ntm mycyntmancxnmn yuentmn. Bt ncera cntmnre or nnx o-
nn n re xe cnona, onn cnat n rpaxronxe Kopana n croponxrcx
nmo ncxyccnn, nent xoropo noncx ncrnnt, nocxontxy sna-
mr necocroxrentnocrt cnoe neonornn.
K\b^_l_evkl\Z \ ihevam g_\_`_kl\Z \ZooZ[blh\
Hsnecrno, uro naxxanrcxne yuente ouent nenexecrnen-
nt, a nx paccyxennx nonepxnocrnt, +ro nornepxamr nce, xro
xort nemnoro omancx c npecrannrenxmn +ro cexrt. Hanpn-
mep, mex Hpaxnm an-Mancyp nepeaer, uro Myxamma nn
Iaynnaxxa sanpeman cnonm nocneonarenxm unrart xnnrn
no ]nxxy, ra]cnpy n xancy
49
, nmecro +roro on nosnonnn nm
rpaxronart axrt Kopana no cnoemy xenannm n nonnmannm.
Kaxt ns nnx cam rpaxryer Kopan, axe n rom cnyuae, ecnn
ronxom ne snaer ero
50
.
Bex Myxamma Cannm an-Knnann
51
, paccxastnan o rom,
xax onn ns naxxanrcxnx my]rnen, a nmenno Iaynna nn Xa-
na], npnexan n amacx n nonpocnn y nero xnnry no apacxomy
cnnraxcncy n mop]onornn, a raxxe nonpocnn npntrt na ero
nexnnn co cnymarenxmn nauantntx xypcon, nsyuammnmn Karp
an-naa n an-Haa ]n ac-cap], rouno rax xe nocrynnn n xa-
sn mex Iaynna Maparn. Kommenrnpyx +rn na cnyuax, mex
an-Knnann nnmer: Ecnn raxon yponent my]rnx n xasnx, ro uro
xe moryr snart pyrne naxxanrcxne yuente? - n oannn:
ncrpeuancx co mnornmn naxxanrcxnmn yuentmn, n n pesyntrare
+rnx ncrpeu npnmen x ntnoy, uro onn nenexecrnennt n anexn
or snann.
He ynnnxrect, oporne unrarenn, +ro ecrnnrentno
rax, net axe ocnonarent +roro nnxennx tn nenexecrnenntm
uenonexom. Ero par n cnoe xnnre Ac-Canarnx an-nnxxnx ]n
ap-pa ranx an-naxxanx no +romy nonoy nnmer: Annax n

49
Onn o cnx nop conmamr +ror sanper, nx yuente sanpemamr unrart ne
rontxo xnnrn nanron, no n xnnrn Cena Kyra n Ay an-Arnx an-Mayyn.
50
An-Mancypn. Ar-Tax an-xamnr nnnycyn. C. 52. axnxn. A-ypap
ac-cynnnx. C. 142 143.
51
An-Knnann. An-Ha]xa as-saxnx. C. 7.
23
xauecrne ncntrannx nmxm nocnan roro, xro, npnuncnxx cex x
nocneonarenxm Kopana n cynnt, no cyrn ena, tn anex or nx
nayx. Kora ero npocnnn ntcrynnrt nepe yuentmn, on orxast-
nancx n npnnyxan nme cneonart sa cnonm mnennem. Ecnn
xe xro-nno ne cornamancx c nnm, ro on oxnnxn +roro uenone-
xa nenepntm. B +rom uenonexe ne tno nn ennoro xauecrna ns
rex, uro npncymn myxraxnam. Fonee roro, n nem ne tno axe
ecxro uacrn neoxonmtx nx +roro snann, no necmorpx na
+ro on nosnonxn cee xpnuart rpomue pyrnx nenex
52
.
A ncem, xro comnenaercx ornocnrentno nx nenexecrna,
mt npenaraem nornyxe osnaxomnrtcx c nx nexmn n nonepx-
nocrntmn ntnoamn, nocmorpnre na ]erny o rom, uro connne
npamaercx noxpyr semnn, nsrnxnnre na crnnt, xoroptm onn nn-
myr cnon cnate xnnrn n ]ernt, nocnymare nexnnn nx yue-
ntx.
3amnrnnxn naxxansma n camn npnsnamr cnoe nenexecr-
no n saxnnxmr, uro Hex cam no cee tn pernonom nenex.
Myxamma Xamn an-uaxn, pasxcnxx npnunnt nopaxennx Hn
Temnn n Hn Kama an-xansn, a raxxe noey Myxammaa
nn Iaynnaxxaa nnmer: Ho cneam mexynncnama
53
Hn
Temnn, ero yuennxa Hn an-Kanma nocneonan mexynncnam
Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa, no npemena xoroporo nexn-
cxoe omecrno yxe tno rorono npnnxrt ero yuenne. B ornnune
or Ernnra, re npononeonann Hn Tamnx n Hn an-Kanm,
Hex tn nenexecrnenntm pernonom, nacenenntm n ocnonnom
eynnamn. Ernner xe npecrannxn coo rocyapcrno c npann-
renem, namecrnnxamn, apmne, noenauantnnxamn, yuentmn sa-

52
Cyneman nn Iaynnaxxa. Ac-Canarnx an-nnxxnx.. C. 25.
53
Ouent ynnnxer ror ]axr, uro onn ncnontsymr +ror repmnn, net ontmnn-
crno mycyntman ne npnsnamr nx yuentmn. Knnrn +rnx nme ne npenoamr
nn n nncrnryrax, nn n ynnnepcnrerax, n ornnune or xnnr pyrnx mycyntman-
cxnx yuentx, nnecmnx orpomnt nxna n pasnnrne Hcnama. Conpemennte
naxxanrt cnnmxom uacro ncnontsymr repmnn mexynncnam, npnnnctnax
ero axe Myxammay nn Iaynnaxxay, xax yro on npensomen cnonx
yunrene. (Cm. Macanx as-sanxm ]n ap-pa ranx man xasna ranx am-mex
an-nmam, c. 8).
24
neennxmn, cy]ncxnmn raxnxmn, xasnxmn, yuentmn n myap-
pncamn, nocneonarenxmn pasnnuntx masxaon
54
. Kax nnnre,
onn camn npnsnamr cnoe nenexecrno, yuente n nocneonarenn
+roro nnxennx axe n namn nn anexn or conpemenntx ne
n ncrnnt. Knnrn pyrnx mycyntmancxnx yuentx nnxora ne
xpanxrcx n nx omax, axe ecnn n xpanxrcx, ro rontxo n ncxa-
xennom nne, noepxnnammem naxxanrcxym neonornm
55
.
Eme ono npnunno tcrporo pacnpocrpanennx naxxa-
nsma tno ncnontsonanne noenno cnnt nxnx nnemen pas-
onnxon, xoroptx onn npenparnnn n rax nastnaemoe nocxo
ranxna. nx +rnx nme ne cymecrnonano nnxaxnx npnnnn-
non, sanperno xponn n sanpernoro nmymecrna. Hn Famap, pac-
cxastnax o xnsnn Carya nn Iaynrasnsa, yuennxa mexa
Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa
56
, nnmer: On pasocnan cnonx
neponmnxon no nce nycrtne, urot onn copann nx nero
nocxo co ncero nonyocrpona
57
. Bo rnane +roro nocxa npeno-
nrent naxxanron ntcrynnn na nony npornn mycyntman, no
npexe an nm nacrannenne: Fytre repnennnt n cpaxennxx,
net noea ocraercx rontxo repnennntm. B Kopane Annax
cxasan: : [\hbgu], dhlhju_ \ lhl ^_gv h[jZlylky kibghc d
g_\_jguf, djhf_ l_o, dlh jZa\hjZqb\Z_lky ^ey [hy beb ^ey
\hkkh_^bg_gby k [^jm]bf] hljy^hf, gZ\e_dml gZ k_[y ]g_\ :e-
eZoZ, b ijbklZgbs_f bf [m^_l ]__ggZ [h]g_ggZy]. Kd\_j_g lZ-
dhc m^_e' (8:16)
58
. 3ror axr tn nncnocnan n ornomennn ne-
nepntx, no, xax nnnre, naxxanrt rpaxrymr ero n ornomennn
mycyntman. uro xe xacaercx cront tcrporo pacnpocrpanennx
naxxansma n namn nn, ro npnunno +roro xnnxmrcx entrn.
Fnaroapx uepnomy sonory nm yanoct xynnrt conecrt mnornx
nme, xpome roro, uepnoe sonoro oneruaer nm ocryn x cpe-

54
An-uaxn. Acap a-arna an-naxxanx, ns. n 1354r. (1935r.). C. 22.
55
Cm. ox. Maxamma Iay an-Xart, Ac-Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnap
an-rapanx an-xanc, - ap an-Mnrpax C . 156-157.
56
Hn Famap yxastnaer, uro on tn yuennxom Hn Iaynnaxxaa (Iynnan
an-max., 1/167).
57
Tam xe, 1/168.
58
Tam xe, 1/169-170.
25
crnam maccono nn]opmannn: raseram, pano n renennennm
59
.
Kpome roro, naxxanrt nontsymrcx n rem, uro xnnxmrcx xosxe-
namn nyx camtx ontmnx mycyntmancxnx cnxrtnt. Hpocrtm
nenexam onn crapamrcx noxasart cnon cnest npn urennn Kopa-
na, na camom xe ene on ne nonnmaercx y nnx ntme ropna. A
naxxanrcxax nnacrt n Cayoncxo Apannn ocnonana na orne n
meue
60
.
<ZooZ[blh\ bf_gmxl oZrZ\blZfb, aZobjblZfb
61
,
fmrZ[[boblZfb
62
b fm^`ZkkbfblZfb
63

Xamannramn nmenonann reuennx, xoropte ornocnnn cex
x nocneonarenxmn nmama Axmaa, n uacrnocrn xamannramn
cunramr xapamnron, apaxapnron, cannmnron, conpemenntx
naxxanron, conpemenntx xamnron, n pyrne cexrt myxac-
cnmnron.
Hcropnx napeuennx +rnx cexr xamannramn raxona: O-
naxt npecrannrenn +ro cexrt nocernnn nexnnm an-Xacana
an-Facpn n nonxnn nonpoc o ntxntme. Hocne ncxyccnn c
nnmn on cxasan: 3rn nmn npecrannxmr coo nnmt nepx-
nmm, ne sanonnennym uacrt xynmnna c noo (xama an-

59
Kax nsnecrno, nce apacxne cnyrnnxonte xanant npnnanexar naxxanram,
rax xe mnpoxo onn ncnontsymr n neuart. A xro ntraercx oxasart nm nporn-
noecrnne, romy onn oxnnxmr nony.
60
Hpnmepon romy nennxoe mnoxecrno, ocrarouno osnaxomnrtcx c oxnaa-
mn o conmennn npan uenonexa ns xnnrn Hpana uenonexa n Koponencrne
Cayoncxax Apannx. B +ro crpane nexoropte ns nocneonarene masxaon
axe nonepramrcx ntrxam. B +ro xe xnnre paccxastnaercx o rom, xaxnm
ncntrannxm noneprcx mex Myxamma nn Ianxnn an-Mannxn. Baxxanr-
cxoe omecrno Cayoncxo apannn nacrontxo rorannrapno, uro ma]nrnr ne
nmeer nosmoxnocrn npouecrt xynyr n yrpenne monnrne. Mt sect axe ne
ntraemcx anannsnponart ncrnnnocrt nnn noxnocrt nx ne, a rontxo xenaem
noxasart nx ornomenne x npecrannrenxm pyrnx masxaon.
61
Or cnona saxnp (nnemnn), peut ner o nnemnem, yxnantnom oxc-
nennn Kopana n xancon. n.n.
62
Or cnona ramnx (ynoonenne), peut ner o ynoonennn Bcentm-
nero uenonexy, ro ecrt Ero anrponomop]nsannx. n.n.
63
Or cnona raxcnm (npnnnctnanne rena, renecnocrn), peut ner o rom,
uro nocneonarenn +rnx cexr npnnnctnamr Bcentmnemy nannune rena. n.n.
26
xanxa)
64
, c +roro momenra nx n crann nastnart xamannramn.
uro xacaercx repmnna myxaccnmnrt, ro nm onn tnn oo-
snauent no ro npnunne, uro npnnnctnann Annaxy renecnocrt,
a pas y Hero ecrt reno, ro ono onxno trt uem-ro sanonneno
(maxmy). Hrax, xamannrt +ro cexra, xoropax oromna or npnn-
nnna aconmrnsannn/ounmennx (ransnx) Annaxa
65
.
Bex Myxamma 3axn an-Kaycapn no +romy nonoy cxa-
san: Hocneonarenn ncrnnt nastnann +rnx nme nmenamn,
xoropte pacxptnann nx cyrt. Onn nasnann nx mymanxnramn,
nocxontxy re ynoonxnn Annaxa uenonexy n pyrnm cosannxm.
Hx nasnann myxaccnmnramn, nocxontxy onn npnnncann Anna-
xy xauecrna, npncymne renam. Hx nasnann xamannramn, no-
cxontxy onn tnn cxnonnt x nycrtm eccmtcnenntm peuam.
3rnx nme nentsx axe ornecrn x orentnomy masxay, net
onn anexn or Annaxa n Ero nocnannnxa.
66

Xamannrt npnsnamr rontxo yxnantnym rpaxronxy Ko-
pana n cynnt, sa uro tnn nasnant saxnpnramn. Hnrepecno, uro
Hn Temnx ne tn npornn roro, uro ero n ero yuennxon nast-
nann mymanxnramn, n uacrnocrn on nnmer: Tepmnn myma-
nx ne nopnnaercx nn n Kopane, nn n cynne, nn n ntcxastnann-
xx cnonnxnnxon
67
.
Fonee roro, on axe ne npornnnrcx repmnny myxac-
cnm n yxastnaer: Hn onn ns cana]on ne ntcrynan c xpnrnxo
repmnna myxaccnm n myxaccnmnron n nenom
68
.
Hnxe mt eme nepnemcx x +ro remarnxe n npnneem o-
not n nontsy roro, uro naxxanrt sacnyxnnamr +rnx n eme o-
nee rpomxnx nasnann. uro xe xacaercx, repmnna cana]t, xo-

64
Bepoxrno, sect nmeercx n nny uro-ro npoe pyccxoro ntpaxennx tpxa
or ynnxa. n.n.
65
Myxamma Ay 3axpa n cnoe xnnre Hn Tamnx. C. 139 141, mex
Mancyp Myxamma Iynac n xnnre Hn Tamnx ne cana]nr. C. 46 247.
66
V Myxammaa an-Kaycapn Ac-Cana]nx ana axn ac-cynna na an-nmamnx
C. 99.
67
Hn Tamnx Ar-Tacnc ]n pa ycyc ar-raxnc, 1/109.
68
Hn Tamnx Ar-Tacnc ]n pa ycyc ar-raxnc, 1/100.
27
ropt onn npnnnctnamr cee, ro mt xenaem ntcxasart cney-
mmee:
AZ[em`^_gb_ hlghkbl_evgh ke_^h\Zgby
aZ kZeZnZfb
Xamannrt saxnnxmr, uro n nonnmannn Kopana n cynnt
neoxonmo cneonart npnmepy cana]on, nonnmanne cnxmen-
ntx rexcron cana]amn, no nx mnennm, xnnxercx oxsarentntm,
onaxo raxax nosnnnx coepxnr ne omnxn.
Bo-nepntx, cana]t pasennnnct no mnennxx npn nonn-
mannn Kopana n cynnt, a cneonarentno, y nnx ne tno ennoro
masxaa, enno mxont, o cymecrnonannn xoropo saxnnxmr
+rn nmn. H nnxe mt npnneem npnmept roro, xax cana]t nt-
cxastnann pasnnunte mnennx n ne rontxo no nonpocam npana,
no axe no nonpocam yexennx (axtt)
69
.
Tex xe naxxanron, npnstnammnx cneonart mnennm ca-
na]on, mt nnnm orpnnammnmn mxont uertpex nmamon n sa-
xnnxmmnmn o neoxonmocrn cneonart nx mnennm nnn mne-
nnm onoro ns yuentx, xnnmnx n nepnte rpn nexa Hcnama, na-
snannte nexamn cana]on.
Bo-nroptx, nn n onom axre Kopana, nn n onom xance
Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) ne cxasano o rom, uro nam cneyer orxasartcx or
ntnoon cnoero pasyma n nocneonart sa mnennem cana]on, rem

69
Bex ac-Caxxa] naunnax c 216 crpannnt npnnonr mnoxecrno npnmepon.
H n uacrnocrn ronopnr, uro nmam Axma n an-Xa]ns an-Kapancn pasomnnct
no mnennxx no nonoy cosannx Kopana n n xoneunom nrore npenparnnnct no
nparon. anee on yxastnaer, uro an-Fyxapn, Mycnnm, Hn Kynnx, Ay Cayp,
ay nn Iann n pyrne, rax xe xax an-Xa]ns an-Kapancn, yrnepxann, uro
Kopan +ro cosanne. Hocne +roro mex ac-Caxxa] saaer nonpoc: 3a xaxnm
ns +rnx mnenn mt onxnt cneonart? Kaxoro ns nnx onxnt npnpepxn-
nartcx? - a anee cam xe orneuaer: Mt onxnt ocrannrt nce +rn mnennx n
oparnrtcx x Kopany n cynne, anannsnpyx nx rexcrt c rouxn spennx xstxa n
pasyma. Tora mt nocrnrnem ncrnny n nomem, xro ns cana]on tn npan, a
xro omnancx, no+romy mt onxnt npnrn x cnoemy mnennm, a ne cneonart
sa mnennem cana]on. anee on npnnonr npnmept, xax cana]t pasomnnct
no mnennxx no nonpocam: nnen nn Hpopox (c.r.c.) Annaxa no npemx nosnece-
nnx, nnen nn Cynt ent, nnen nn nect, moxno nn ntcrynart npornn
nmama n npounm.
28
onee, ecnn xro-nno ns nac ocrnr crenenn nonnmannx cnxmen-
ntx rexcron, crenenn myxraxna. Fonee roro, rexcrt Kopana n
cynnt npnstnamr nac x nenocpecrnennomy nonnmannm oxe-
crnenntx saxonon. Cnona Annaxa O re, xoropte yneponann.
opament n x nepntm, n nocnennm noxonennxm mycyntman n
nmemr cnny nnnort o Cynoro nx.
B pyrom mecre Kopana Annax eme onee xcno saxnnxer:
: _keb [u hgb [jZgvr_] khh[sbeb wlh ihkeZggbdm b ij_^\h-
^bl_eyf [fmkebfh\] l_f [ueh [u \_^hfh (4:83); xax nnnm,
axr uerxo n xcno saxnnxer o myxraxnax, cnocontx nonnmart
cnxmennte rexcrt, n nmoe npemx n n nmom mecre. B +rom axre
ne cxasano o rom, uro na nepnoe nonnmanne Kopana cnocont
rontxo myxraxnt ns uncna cana]on. Honox nror, mt moxem
cxasart, uro nn n Kopane, nn n xance, ner raxoro mapnarcxoro
onoa, xax mnenne cana]on. Fonee nepntm yer saxnnenne o
rom, uro npocromy mycyntmannny, ne ocrnrmemy crenenn
nepnoro nonnmannx cnxmenntx rexcron, neoxonmo cneonart
sa mnennem myxraxna, nesanncnmo or roro xnnxercx nn on ca-
na]om nnn xana]om, a raxxe sa ennornacntm mnenne +rnx
myxraxnon, nce ocrantnoe xnnxercx nnmt nycrtmn cnonamn.
Eme n onom axre Kopana cxasano: Ecnn xe y nac rxxa
o uem-nnyt, ro nosnarare ee pemenne na Annaxa n Hocnannn-
xa (4:59), xax nnnre, axr ne nonenenaer cneonart sa cana]amn.
Ho +romy nonoy n copnnxe xancon an-Fyxapn (1/204) n
pyrnx copnnxax npnnonrcx pnnaxr or Ay xyxa]t:
cnpocnn y Iann: Ecrt nn y nac xaxax-nno xnnra? on ornernn:
'V nac ner nnuero, xpome Kopana n nonnmannx, aponannoro
mycyntmannny..
Kax nnnre, sect roxe ner ynomnnannx cana]on, a uro
xacaercx nonnmannx, aponannoro mycyntmannny, ro +rn cno-
na pacnpocrpanxmrcx na ncex mycyntman, re t n xora t onn
nn xnnn. Ecnn xro-nno cnocoen nonnmart cnxmennte rexcrt,
ro nnxro ne nnpane npnnyxart ero cneonart sa mnennem cana-
29
]on. Mt cunraem, uro nmn, npnstnammne cneonart sa mnenn-
em cana]on, omnamrcx
70
.
B onom ns xancon Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) cxasano: Mox ymma
noona oxm, ree ne nsnecrno, xaxax xannx npnnecer opo,
nepnax nnn nocnenxx
71
.
Xa]ns Hn an-xansn n a]r myax ar-ramnx, c.
111, cxasan: Hmamy Axmay saann nonpoc n on ornernn. Tora
cnpamnnammn cxasan: Mnenne Hn Myapaxa ornnuaercx or
namero, Axma ornernn: 'Hn Myapax ne cnycrnncx c ne-
ec.
Hrax, xax saxnnxer mex ac-Caxxa], mnenne cana]on ne
moxer trt oxsarentntm mapnarcxnm onoom.
Bepa o neoxonmocrn cnenoro cneonannx sa mnennem
cana]on xnnxercx nonntm orpnnannem pasyma. Hpnnepxennt
+ro nen saxnnxmr: Cana]t norpynnnct sa nac, onn ymann
n paccyxann, mt xe oxsant cneonart sa nx ymosaxnmuennx-
mn, nocxontxy onn necomnenno npant. uro xe xacaercx Kopa-
na, ro on ntcrynaer c ocyxennem noontx ne: <hbklbgm,
Fu aZklZeb k\hbo hlph\ ijb\_j`_gpZfb lZdhc-lh \_ju, b fu
ke_^m_f ih bo klhiZf (43:23). Croponnnxn cana]nsma noxoxn
na rex, xoro xpnrnxyer +ror axr, onn orxasannct or ncnontsona-
nnx onoon pasyma n nonnmannn cnxmenntx rexcron, mt xe
cunraem, uro onn sanyxamrcx.

70
Hponaranncrt cana]nsma saxnnxmr: Heoxonmo nonnmart Kopan n
cynny rax, xax nx nonnmann cana]t. B ro xe npemx onn ns ]anaron cana-
]nsma n cnoe xnnre An-Hnca] ]n axxam an-nrrnxx], C. 35, an-Maxraa
an-ncnamnx, Amman, yxastnaer: Mt ne oxsant cneonart sa utnm-nno
mnennem, axe ecnn +ro Hn Macry nnn xro-nno pyro. Mt oxsant cne-
onart rexcry npopouecxnx xancon. 3rn nmn orpactnamr ntcxastnannx
cnonnxnnxon, xora re ne coornercrnymr nx neonornn. 3rn nmn npnnoxr
xanct, o ocronepnocrn xoroptx moxno paccyxart, n oxrcx npnnonrt
axrt Kopana, ocronepnocrt xoroptx nenosmoxno noneprnyrt comnennm.
71
Hpnnonrcx y Axmaa, 3/130; ar-Tnpmnsn, 5/152, nomep 2869, on cxasan,
uro +ror xanc xacan-rapn, cen xa]ns Axma an-Iamapn n uarx an-
naxxa, 2/335, anrop an-uarx yxastnaer: 3ror xanc xacan, on npnno-
nrcx pasnnuntmn nyrxmn n moxer ocrnrnyrt crenenn caxnx. Cm. an-
uarx, 7/6, on coornercrnyer remarnxe pyrnx xancon na +ry remy.
30
oporo unrarent, ntme nt nosnaxomnnnct c nnxennem
naxxansma, renept cneyer ysnart ero ocnonarenx Myxammaa
nn Iaynnaxxaa.
FmoZffZ^ [bg =Z[^me\ZooZ[
Ocnonononoxnnx naxxansma Myxamma nn Iaynnax-
xa nn Cyneman nn Iann ar-Tamnmn
72
ponncx n epenne an-
Iyxna n Hexe n 1115r.
73
(1703r.) n ymep n 1206r. (1791r.). Ho
cnonam Hn Famapa, mex Iaynnaxxa ntpoc n omecrne, re
x romy npemenn yxe cnntno pacnpocrpannnoct xstuecrno
74
, no-
xnonenne epentxm, xamnxm, mornnam, crponrentcrno mansoneen,
noxnonenne xnnnam, xeprnonpnnomenne pan nx onontcrna.
Hauantnoe opasonanne mex nonyunn y cnoero orna, xoropt
tn xasnem
75
, y nero xe on nsyuan n xanannrcxoe npano. 3arem
necxontxo pas esnn n Mexxy, re yunncx y mexa Myxammaa
nn Cyneman an-Kypn, mexa Myxamaa Xaxra ac-Cnnn
76
n
pyrnx, a nosnee yexan n Facpy, orxya ero, no cnonam Hn Fa-
mapa, npornann
77
.
Bexy ne yanoct sanepmnrt cnoe opasonanne, no-
cxontxy nce ero nacrannnxn nnenn n nem sauarxn esoxnx,
]anarnuno nenanncrn x mycyntmancxnm yuentm-nmamam n
crpemnenne x neorpannuenno cnooe n ]ernax. ecrnnrent-
no, +ro nnno n n cnonax n enax mexa, n uacrnocrn on nnmer:
Fontmnncrno xnrene namero pernona n uacrnocrn n Xnxasa
n nenom ne nepymr n nocxpemenne
78
. On orxptro saxnnxer o
rom, uro xnrenn Hexa n Xnxasa (a cneonarentno Mexxn n
Mennt) xnnxmrcx xstunnxamn. He ynnnrentno, uro +ror ue-

72
Cornacno cnonam ero nocneonarene, on ntxoen ns nnemenn Tamnm.
73
uro coornercrnyer 1703r., no no cnonam axnxna, on ponncx n 1111r.
(1699r.).
74
Mt ne cunraem, uro xnrenn Hexa tnn xstunnxamn, naxxanrt xe sa-
xnnxmr, uro nx nnemx tno xstuecxnm.
75
Hn Famap, 1/6.
76
Iycman nn Famap. Iynnan an-max.. 1/26.
77
Hn Famap. Iynnan an-max.. 1/8; an-Xart. Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-
xasnpa. 60.
78
Hnunte nnctma, nnctmo 34, c. 235.
31
nonex oxnnn osnonenntm nponnrne xponn mycyntman. Ho
npnunne noono espaccyno cmenocrn yunrent Myxammaa
nn Iaynnaxxaa cxasan: Annax nneer +roro uenonexa n sa-
nyxenne, a uepes nero nneer n sanyxenne n pyrnx necua-
crntx paon
79
. H ecrnnrentno, onn oxasannct npant. Hep-
ntm, xro nanncan xpnrnxy n apec ero yexenn, tn ero po-
no oren. Bnnmo, on xopomo nsyunn ncropnm Mycanamt, Ca-
xax, Tanxn an-Acan n nm noontx. Ho nosnpamennn ns Fac-
pt oren sanpernn
80
emy pacnpocrpanxrt cnon epernuecxne nen,
a nocne cmeprn orna, ero nepntm npornnnnxom cran pono par
mex Cyneman nn Iaynnaxxa, nanncanmn ne xpnrnuec-
xne xnnrn.
a, mex ntpoc n Hexe, re napnno nenexecrno, nos-
nee emy ne yanoct crart yuentm, nosmoxno, nmenno no+romy
on pemnn noome ne npoonxart cnoe opasonanne
81
. Bex o-
naan xapaxrepom ynrapx n noccranan npornn ncex omenpnnx-
rtx nennocre, xpnrnxonan nce, uro nnen n mycyntmancxnx

79
xamnnt Ctxn as-3axann. An-uaxp ac-catx. Hs. n Ernnre n 1323r.
(1905r.). C. 16.
80
Ha +ro namexaer Hn Famap n Iynnan an-max. 1/8: Bex Myxam-
ma nn Iaynnaxxa nepnyncx n epennm Xapnmana n npoonxnn cnoe
oyuenne y orna, nopnnax nenexecrno, nra n xstuecrno cnoero napoa. On
tn nacrontxo ynpxm, uro mexy nnm n ornom khklhyeky kljh]bc jZa]h\hj.
Kpome roro, on ns-sa cnonx nosspenn xon]nnxronan c mecrntm nacenennem.
Hocne cmeprn orna n 1153r. (1740r.) on pasnepnyn orxptrym nponarany
cnonx ne. Mt ne nepnm, uro nonoxenne Hexa tno nmenno raxnm, xa-
xnm ero npecrannn Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa. Ero oren tn xasnem-
xanannrom, mycyntmannnom n npexpacno snan omecrno, n xoropom xnn.
Houemy xe on n nepnym ouepet ne ntcrynnn c xpnrnxo ynomxnyrtx xnne-
nn? Moxer trt, on tn nnoxnm xasnem? Hs +roro mt moxem cenart nt-
no o rom, uro ea ne n orne, a n ctne, xoropt tn ]anarnxom, paspeman-
mnm ynnart mycyntman. Kax mex Myxamma nosnonnn cee monuart, nnx
sanyxenne cnoero napoa, neyxenn nonnnonenne ponrenxm moxer trt
npentme optt c xstuecrnom n nra? Ftna nn y nero rapanrnx, uro on
nepexnner orna, urot ncnpannrt sanyxennx cnoero omecrna?
81
oxrop Myxamma an-Macrapn n xnnre An-Kayamn] an-xannx ]n xy]pn
annxr ac-Carynx npnsnaercx: Bex nnxora ne tn xpynntm yuentm-
myxraxnom, no necmorpx na +ro ornnuancx cnoe axrnnnocrtm.
32
crpanax. a, nosmoxno, n nexoroptx nemax on tn npan, onaxo
n ocnonnom ncera omnancx. H camtm ontmnm sanyxennem
mexa tno onnnenne mycyntman n xstuecrne, nmenno no+ro-
my on oxnnn paspemenno nx xpont n nmymecrno. Kax nnnre,
ero nen ne cnntno ornnuannct or ne xapnxnron.
<ha\jZs_gb_ ba ;Zkju
Kax yrnepxaer Hn Famap, mex tn nsrnan ns Facpt.
Hocne +roro on nsxnnn xenanne noexart n Bam, no n nyrn uyrt
ne ymep or xaxt
82
. Hocne +roro Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa
nanpannncx n epennm Xapnmana, re mexy nnm n ee xnrenxmn
ncntxnyna oxecrouennax ncxyccnx, nocne xoropo oren sanpe-
rnn emy pacnpocrpanxrt cnon nen. On nocnymancx orna n n re-
uenne nyx ner nnnort o cmeprn orna n 1153r. (1740r.), nnxoro
ne nocnxman n cnon nen. Hocne ero cmeprn on ocmenen n nauan
nponarany, y nero noxnnnnct croponnnxn onaxo, xnrenn e-
pennn Xapnmana, neonontnte ecrnnxmn Myxammaa nn
Iaynnaxxaa, pemnnn ynrt ero. H on tn ntnyxen exart
n ponym epennm an-Iyxna
83
.
I_j\uc ^h]h\hj
Hocne roro xax mexa nsrnann ns Xapamnna on nepnyncx
n ponym epennm n saxnmunn oronop c namecrnnxom Iycma-
nom nn Xamom nn Myrammapom, xoropomy nooeman: Ecnn
rt oxaxemt mne noepxxy, ro yemt npannrt ncem Hex-
om
84
. Iycman xennn ero na cnoe nnemxnnnne an-xanxape
nnr Iaynna nn Myrammap, n mex, naroapx ero, cxasan:
naemct, uro Annax noapnr ree Hex n ncex ero xnre-
ne
85
. 3rn cnona ouent xcno amr npecrannenne o rom, xro nx
cxasan. B rnasax mexa, ocnoonrenx apaon or xstuecrna, my-
cyntmane tnn paamn, xoroptx moxno apnrt nmecre c semnx-

82
Hn Famap. Iynnan an-max.. 1/8.
83
Xycen nn Ianam. Tapnx Hex.
84
Tam xe.
85
3rn cnona nepeaer onn ns xpynnemnx naxxanrcxnx mexon Iaynna
unnnnnn Tapnx Hex, c. 36, raxxe cm. Hn Famap, Iynnan an-
max., 1/9.
33
mn. Ho ncxope no annennem cocennx namecrnnxon, xnrene
Xapnmana, yuentx Facpt n noenauantnnxa Cynemana nn My-
xammaa nn Iapnp an-Xamnn namecrnnx an-Iyxnt tn nt-
nyxen nsrnart Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa, cexnmero no-
xpyr cex cmyry n necranntnocrt.
A moxer trt, Hn Myrammap pacxycnn Hn Iaynnax-
xaa n nonxn, uro ror npnstnaer x yncrny esnnnntx mycynt-
man.
>h]h\hj k B[g KZ]m^hf
Hoxnnyn an-Iyxny, mex n 1158r. (1745r.) nanpannncx x
+mnpy a-aprnn
86
Myxammay nn Caryy, onn oronopnnnct o
rom, uro nonnrnuecxax nnacrt yer n pyxax Hn Carya, a pe-
nnrnosnax n pyxax Hn Iaynnaxxaa, xpome +roro oronop co-
epxan rpn ycnonnx:
Hepnoe, mex ne nmeer npana npexnnxrt nperensnn
Hn Caryy ornocnrentno nanoron, xoropte on yer conpart
c xnrene a-aprnn n pyrnx nonnacrntx pernonon nnn pern-
onon, xoropte oxaxyrcx no ero nnacrtm n yymem. Hensnecr-
no, npnnxn nn mex +ro ycnonne, no, no cnonam Hn Famapa,
(naexnt nepearunx
87
) npnnxn. 3ror nocrynox Hn Famap
onpantnaer rem, uro mex xoren ouncrnrt cex or pasnnuntx
noopon, ne npnsnanntx mapnarom.
Bropoe, nnacrt no nacnecrny ocraercx erxm Myxam-
maa nn Carya. To ecrt mex, ero noromxn, nocneonarenn n
yuennxn, onxnt tnn orpannunrtcx rontxo crarycom yuentx,
mexon, my]rnen n pyrnx pennrnosntx exrene
88
.

86
Heontmax epennx n onnne Xann], nenoanexy or +p-Pnxa.
87
Haexnt rontxo y naxxanron.
88
An-Macrapn nnmer: 3ror oronop ouent noxox na ror, xoropt saxnmun-
nn n uerneprom nexe nmneparop Koncranrnn n xpncrnancxne yxonnte nne-
pt. B pesyntrare +roro oronopa cnercxax nnacrt oxasanact n pyxax nmnepa-
ropa, a yxonnax n pyxax nant. Cornacno oronopy, Koncranrnn npeocra-
nnn ncem xpncrnanam samnry, a raxxe nosmoxnocrt cnyxnrt n apmnn nx
samnrt nnrepecon nmnepnn. Tor xe ncrounnx, uro n cneymme cctnxe.
34
Tperte, mex oxsyercx ocranartcx npnnepxennem cemtn
Carya n nn n xoem cnyuae ne nosrnannxrt pennrnosnym npona-
rany n pyro cemte
89
.
Hn Cary co cnoe cropont oeman mexy ennrtcx c
nnm rpo]exmn, saxnauenntmn no npemx naeron
90
.
GZqZeh \hcg ijhlb\ fmkmevfZg
Bex Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa nnuno sannmancx
]opmnponannem noenntx orpxon
91
. Onn ns naxxanrcxnx nc-
ropnxon, paccxastnax o rom, xax mex Myxamma n nepnt pas
narocnonnn cnon nocxa na noxo npornn mycyntman, nnmer:
3arem mex oxnnn xnxa n npnsnan x nemy cnonx nonnon;
re, necmorpx na ro uro eme tnn ne npnntxmnmn x noennomy
eny, nounnnnmnct nenennm mexa, ntcrynnnn n noxo. Onn
nanann na nexoropte ns eynncxnx nnemen n c rpo]exmn, xn-
ntmn n sopontmn nepnynnct omo
92
. Hpn urennn noontx
+nnsoon nosnnxamr nonpoct: B uem tna nnna rex eynnon?
Ho xaxomy npany nx nmymecrno tno saxnaueno n xauecrne rpo-
]een?
H[yaZl_evghklv ob^`ju
Hn Iaynnaxxa oxsan ncex, xro yneponan n ero yue-
nne, nepecenxrtcx x nemy n Hex. 3ro tna xnnax nra, no-
cxontxy o nero x +romy npnemy npneran rontxo Ha]nr nn an-
Aspax. Hepntm, xro ocynn +ry nra, tn pono par Hn
Iaynnaxxaa, Cyneman, xoropt n cnoe xnnre Ac-Canarnx
an-nnxxnx ]n ap-pa ranx an-naxxanx npnnen xommenrapn
xanca Her nepecenennx nocne nsxrnx Mexxn
93
. Ocnontnaxct
na +rom xance, on npnsnan ncex ocranartcx n Menne, a nepece-

89
oxrop Myxamma Iaynna an-Macrapn n xnnre an-Kayamn] an-xannx
]n xy]p a-annx ac-Carynx, on onontno nornuno anannsnpyer n onponep-
raer ycnonnx +roro oronopa, cm. na ero care n Hnrepnere.
90
Hn Famap. Iynnan an-max.. 1/12.
91
Tam xe, 1/91.
92
Tem xe, r. 1, c. 14-15.
93
Ac-Canarnx an-nnxxnx.. C. 123.
35
nenne ns nee nasnan pacnyrcrnom
94
. Hn Famap no nonoy +ro
xnxpt paccxastnaer: Te, xro nepecennncx n a-aprnx x My-
xammay nn Iaynnaxxay, xnnn n ouent rxxentx ycnonnxx n
nyxe. Ho nouam onn tnn ntnyxent sapaartnart cee na
xnsnt, a nem nocemart ero nexnnn
95
. anee on nnmer: Bex
ncxuecxn crapancx nomorart nepecenennam, nnarnn sa nnx onrn
n anan nm entrn na pasnnunte nyxt
96
.
;h]h[hyag_gghklv b gZ[h`ghklv r_coZ
Hnxe mt ynomxnem nexoropte ns exnn +roro uenonexa
n ero nocneonarene, xoropte no nee xnnxmrcx exnnxmn, ne-
ymnmn n A, a coxpannr nac Annax. a n n nenom cneyer or-
mernrt, uro ncropnx naxxansma nonna npnmepon nx non npo-
rnn mycyntman n Hpopoxa (c.r.c.)
1. Bex Axma 3ann axnxn nnmer: Myxamma nn
Iaynnaxxa sanpeman nponsnocnrt narocnonenne n apec
Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), ocoo crpornm +ror sanper tn nx noun naxa-
nyne nxrnnnt n npemenn nocne nponsnecennx npnstna na mo-
nnrny c mnnapera. Moxno cxasart, uro nponsnecenne cananaron
Hpopoxy (c.r.c.) axe pesano cnyx mexa. Bcex, xro conepman
ntmeynomxnyroe, on ouent cnntno naxastnan, nnnort o cmep-
rn. Cpen ero croponnnxon tn onn cneno myassnn c ouent
xpacnntm ronocom, xoropomy on raxxe sanpernn nponsnocnrt
cananar, onaxo ror ne nocnymancx ero n nonpocnn narocnone-
nnx Hpopoxy (c.r.c.) nocne npnstna na monnrny. 3a +ror nocry-
nox cneno myassnn tn ynr, a Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa,
xommenrnpyx ero yncrno, cxasan: axe npenmoexa co-
nepmaer mentmn rpex, uem ror, xro npocnr narocnonennx
Hpopoxy (c.r.c.). Cnonm nocneonarenxm on oxcnxn cnon no-

94
Tam xe, c. 124, a raxxe cneymmax sa ne.
95
Iynnan an-max. 1/31.
96
Tam xe, 1/15, crpanno, uro nexoropte ns conpemenntx nocneonarene
naxxansma crapamrcx cxptrt +rn ]axrt.
36
crynxn rem, uro crapaercx coxpannrt uncrt ranxn. Hocmorpn-
re, xaxne yxacnte ena rnopnn +ror uenonex
97
.
2. Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa co cnonmn nocxamn na-
nan na ponym epennm an-Iyxna n npaxrnuecxn cpannxn ee c
semne. B uacrnocrn n nxrnnny on nopnancx n meuert +roro ce-
nennx, nnennn +mnpa Iycmana nn Xama nn Myrammapa n
oxnnn ero xstunnxom. B onom ns crnxornopenn no +romy
nonoy cxasano: a orcoxner npanax pyxa roro, xro ynn my-
cyntmannna, ror sacnyxnnaer naxasannx, npenncannoro sa
npenamepennoe yncrno. 3arem on ntpesan ncex myxunn
+ro epennn, paspymnn oma, cxer epentx, cpynn nantmt,
nnennn xenmnn, saxnarnn cxor, a nocne +roro sanpernn orcrpan-
nart epennm sanono n oxnnn, uro na +ry epennm nanann
nonunma capanun n cenn ee nmecre co ncemn xnrenxmn
98
.
3. Bo npemx pasnnuntx copann on sauacrym, ne ronopx
o +rom, ntrancx ntart cex sa npopoxa, nanpnmep, on mor cxa-
sart: nsrnxnyn na oronop npn Xyenn n ynnen ro-ro n
ro-ro. Touno raxxe nocrynann n ero nocneonarenn, uro ouent
paonano mexa
99
. Ho+romy neynnnrentno, uro nexoropte nm-
n paccxastnamr o rom, xax on ntrancx ntart cex sa nonoro
npopoxa, xorx ncnyx o +rom ne saxnnxn
100
.
?]h gZ^_`ghklv
Hcropnx naxxansma Iycman nn Famap an-Hexn n
cnoe xnnre Iynnan an-max ]n rapnx Hex
101
yxastnaer:

97
Axma nn 3ann a-axnxn. A-ypap ac-cynnnx ]n ap-pa ranx an-
naxxanx. C. 142.
98
B cnoe crarte mt nopono ocranannnnaemcx na xancax no reme Oxn-
nenne osnonenntm xpononponnrnx n meuerxx, a raxxe npnnonm ntcxast-
nannx camoro Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa.
99
axnxn. A-ypap ac-cynnnx.. C. 144.
100
Tam xe.
101
Bex Iycman nn Famap (1210 1290rr. (1795 1873rr.)) cunraercx o-
nnm ns camtx rnanntx ncropnxon naxxansma, xnnrn xoroporo ouent xnanxr.
B cnoe xnnre Iynnan an-max on ocranannnnaercx na camtx naxntx
momenrax n pasnnrnn naxxanrcxoro nnxennx, nponsomemnx n 1158
1268rr. (1745 1851rr.). pyrnm nsnecrntm ncropnxom naxxansma xnnxercx
mex Xycen nn Iannam, anrop xnnr Panar an-a]xap na an-a]xam nnmyp-
37
Kora myxaxnpt
102
(nepecenennt) nepecennnnct x mexy, on
crapancx nm nomorart, onnaunnan nx onrn n oecneunnan ncem,
n uem onn nyxannct. Kpome +roro on pasanan noapxn ncem
npecrannrenxm nnemen, npnesxanmnm x nemy. Hanpnmep, no-
cne saxnara +p-Pnxa emy ocranoct copox rtcxu myxamman-
en
103
n nce +rn entrn on norparnn na cnonx nocneonarene
104
.
Hpn +rom cneyer yunrtnart, uro xnrenn +p-Pnxa tnn my-
cyntmanamn-xanannramn, n no xaxomy npany mex mor ox-
nnrt nx nmymecrno rpo]exmn? Pasne +rn nmn ne tnn mycynt-
manamn? A, moxer, onn oponontno orann +rn entrn emy?
Moxer, onn ne snann cnon Her oxecrna, xpome Annaxa? A,
moxer trt, +rn cnxmennte cnona ne cnyxnnn rapanrne nx ne-
npnxocnonennocrn? anee Hn Famap yxastnaer: On ne npnxa-
cancx nn x onomy npxemy n nn x onomy nnapy ns ro nxro
uacrn rpo]een, xoropax ocrananact emy. Ho nonoy nxro uac-
rn rpo]een xouercx ormernrt, uro rpo]exmn oxnnxercx rontxo
nmymecrno xstunnxon, uro xe xacaercx nmymecrna mycyntma-
nnna, ro ono nn n xoem cnyuae ne moxer trt oxnneno rpo]e-
xmn. anee Hn Famap nnmer: Bce rpo]enoe n saxxrnoe
nmymecrno on cpasy xe pasanan nmxm n tn ouent mep. Ha-
npnmep, on mor pasennrt nce rpo]en mexy nymx nnn rpemx
nonnamn. Bect saxxr n nce rpo]en xnrene a-aprnn nocryna-
nn n ero pyxn n on pacnopxxancx nmn no cnoemy ycmopennm
105
.
Pasne noneenne mexa ne noxoxe na noneenne aramana pas-
onnxon, xoropt nocne xaxoro naera ennr narpanennte n
noponannte nennocrn?

ra xan an-nmam n Knra an-rasanar na an-]yryxar ap-paannx, raxxe on
cunraercx ]axnxom n no+rom. Ero ncropnx npnsnaercx onee ocronepno,
uem ncropnx Hn Famapa, nocxontxy tna nanncana pantme. B xnnrax +rnx
nme ouent mnoro pasnornacn, sa ncxnmuennem necxontxnx pexnx conna-
enn.
102
Hepecennnnct rya, orxya ntpoc por carant.
103
Monera.
104
Iynnan an-max.. 1/15.
105
Iynnan an-max.. 1/15.
38
Fonee roro, Hn Iaynnaxxa n ero nocneonarenn c or-
pomntm xenannem nnennnn xenmnn n ere. Hmenno n nopy
noxnnennx n pasnnrnx naxxansma n Hexe nauano pacnnerart
noxnmenne ere n paoropronnx.
G_dhlhju_ ba ihklmidh\ r_coZ
On sanpeman cnonm nocneonarenxm unrart xnnrn no
]nxxy, ra]cnpy, xancy n nenen cxnrart nx, on xpnrnxonan ra-
xne xstxonte nayxn, xax cnnraxcnc, n oxnnn nx nra
106
.
On nosnonxn cnonm nocneonarenxm xommenrnponart Ko-
pan cornacno cnoemy nonnmannm n xenannm, axe ne anannsn-
pyx axrt c rouxn spennx npannn xstxa n nornxn. On ronopnn:
Conepmare nxrnxa n cynre cornacno cnoemy nonnmannm,
axe ne sarnxtnare n +rn xnnrn, net onn coepxar n ncrnny,
n noxt
107
.
Hpnnnmax nme n cnom pennrnm n ycntman or nnx na
cnnerentcrna, on ronopnn: Hpnsna, uro pantme rt tn ne-
nepntm, npnsna, uro rnon ponrenn ymepnn nenepntmn, npn-
sna, uro ror-ro n ror-ro tnn nenepntmn (npn +rom on nastnan
nmena nsnecrntx mycyntmancxnx yuentx). Ecnn uenonex npn-
snanan nce +ro, ro ero npnnnmann n nonym pennrnm, ecnn ner, ro
ynnann. Fonee roro, mex oxnnn, uro nor yxe n reuenne ce-
mncor ner mycyntmancxax ymma naxonrcx n cocroxnnn nene-
pnx
108
.
Bcex, xro ne cneonan sa ero yuennem, on nastnan nenep-
ntmn, xstunnxamn n oxnnxn osnonenntm nx xpont n nmyme-
crno, necmorpx na ro uro +rn nmn sauacrym tnn camtmn npa-
nenemnmn nmtmn. Bcex cnonx nocneonarene on npnsnanan
nepymmnmn, necmorpx na ro uro onn tnn nacroxmnmn pacnyr-
nnxamn. On n ero nocneonarenn oxnnnn nne saxona (nra)
nomenne uanmt, necmorpx na ro uro +ro xnnxercx npopouecxo

106
3ro ona ns npnunn orcranocrn naxxanron n +rnx snannxx.
107
Hmenno naroapx +romy aconmrnomy nxrnxay ero nocneonarenn n
oxnnnn osnonenno xpont mycyntman-ennooxnnxon.
108
Axma 3ann axnxn. Xynacar an-xanam ]n axn ymapa an-ana an-
Xapam. 2/227. Hs. n Cramyne n 1986r.
39
cynno, a cama uanma npnsnaercx xopono apaon. Hmenno no-
+romy conpemennte naxxanrt no npemx monnrnt nocroxnno
nonpannxmr cnon xpacnte nnarxn, cnnerentcrnymmne o rom,
xax onn n cnoe npemx nponnnann xpont mycyntman.
?]h m[_`^_gby
Kro snaxom c counnennxmn mexa n ero nocneonarene,
ror snaer, uro nx yexennx nmemr nxrt cneymmnx ocoenno-
cre.
1. Hpnnnctnanne Annaxy renecnocrn, xauecrn, npncymnx
cosannxm, a raxxe mecronaxoxennx. Annax xe npentme ncero
+roro.
2. Hpnstn x opte c mornnonoxnonnnxamn, sanper na
ranaccynt
109
uepes Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) n nocemenne ero mornnt.
3. Onnnenne mycyntman n nenepnn n oxnnenne nx
xstunnxamn.
4. Oxnnenne osnonenntm xpononponnrnx n rpaexa
ncex npornnnnxon nnxennx.
5. Kora nnxenne nosnnxno, mex npnstnan nepece-
nxrtcx x nemy
110
.
?]h hlghr_gb_ d Ijhjhdm (k.].k.)
B cnonx peuax on sauacrym crapancx npnnnsnrt Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.) n no+romy nastnan ero nocnannem, ro ecrt nmen n nny,
uro Hpopox (c.r.c.) nnmt nepean oxecrnennoe nncanne mnpy,
cex xe on nastnan cnacnrenem ranxna. Hmenno no+romy nexo-
ropte ns ero nocneonarene ne crecnxxct ronopnnn: Mox nan-
xa nyume Myxammaa, nocxontxy ona npnnocnr nontsy, x yn-
nam em sme nnn Myxamma yxe ymep n ontme or nero ner
nnxaxo nontst, on nnmt nocnanen, xoropt yxonr, nepean
coomenne
111
. o cnx nop nocneonarenn mexa sanpemamr
nastnart Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) nam rocnonn. H +ror ]axr ouent

109
Hcnontsonanne npopoxa (c.r.c.) n xauecrne cpecrna, npnnnxammero x
Annaxy. n.n.
110
Conpemennte naxxanrt craparentno orpnnamr +ror ]axr.
111
Axma nn 3ann axnxn. a-ypap ac-cynnnx ]n ap-pa ranx an-
naxxanx. C. 145.
40
ynnnxer, nocxontxy Hpopox (c.r.c.) n cnoem xance cxasan:
rocnonn ncex noromxon Aama, no n +rom nx menx ner nnxaxo
ropocrn
112
.
Hlghr_gb_ ihke_^h\Zl_e_c B[g =Z[^me\ZooZ[Z
d k\h_fm \h`^x
Hocneonarenn Iaynnt nn Iaynnaxxaa ornocxrcx
x nemy xax x nennxomy cnxromy, Hn Famap n uacrnocrn yno-
rpenxer ]pasy a ocnxrnr Annax ero ymy
113
. Onn nosnocxr
ero o yponnx npopoxa n cunramr, uro nce nponsomemee c
Hpopoxom (c.r.c.), nponsomno n c nnm roxe. Hanpnmep, onn
cpannnnamr noxymenne na Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa c no-
rone Cypaxn nn Mannxa sa Hpopoxom (c.r.c.), cpannnnamr
ercrno Hn Iaynnaxxaa ns Xapnmana c nepecenennem Hpo-
poxa (c.r.c.) n Menny
114
. Ero nont npornn mycyntman cunra-
mrcx xnxaom, naern noxoamn, noet nastnamrcx ]y-
ryxar, noannte mycyntmanamn, a nenounnenne emy cunra-
ercx nepoorcrynnnuecrnom. Bcex, xro naunnan nmecre c nnm, on
nastnan ancapamn, a ncex, xro nepecennncx x nemy nosnee, -
myxaxnpamn. Ecnn xro-nno ns ero nontx cnonnxnnxon xor-
a-ro conepman xax, ro on ronopnn emy: Conepmn xax sano-
no, net ror xax rt conepmnn, xora tn xstunnxom, no+romy

112
Hepeann Mycnnm n Ay ay or Ay Xypapt, Axma n ar-Tnpmnsn,
+ror xanc npnsnann xopomnm (xacan) Hn Maxa, Hn xapnp, Hn Map-
anaxn, nce onn nepeann ero or Ay Carna an-Xypn, xpome roro, Axma n
Ay rnx nepeann ero or Hn Iaaca n cocroxnnn map]yr (ornecennt x
Hpopoxy (c.r.c.)). Ero npnnonr Hn Kacnp, xora xommenrnpyer 145 axr cy-
pt an-Arpa] (Hperpat), n yxastnaer: Her comnennx n rom, uro Myxam-
ma (c.r.c.) xnnxercx rocnonnom aconmrno ncex noromxon Aama, n nepntx,
n nocnennx. To xe camoe on nnmer, xommenrnpyx 60 n 67 axrt cypt an-
uypxan (Pasnnuenne), 27 axr cypt an-Ianxayr (Hayx), 23 axr cypt Ca-
a. Fonee roro, ncx mycyntmancxax ymma npnsnaer ero rocnonnom ncero ue-
noneuecrna.
113
Iynnan an-max.. 2/20 n 134.
114
Cm. Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa, raxnaryxy ac-cana]nx, na arnaryxy
an-ncnaxnx na cana an-rynama ranxxn, ns. n KCA, pacnpocrpanxercx
ecnnarno.
41
on ne cnnmaer c rex oxsarentnocrt nanomnnuecrna
115
. Fonee
roro, Hn Iaynnaxxa, saxnmunn oronop c Hn Caryom, na-
uan nncart nnctma noxxm apacxnx nnemen c npnstnom npn-
nxrt nonym pennrnm, rem camtm on ntrancx nopaxart Hpopo-
xy (c.r.c.), nncanmemy nnctma npannrenxm pasnnuntx rocy-
apcrn. Ho +romy nonoy Hn Famap nnmer: 3arem mex na-
npannn nnctma npannrenxm ropoon, nnemen n yuentm, n +rnx
nnctmax on npnstnan nx nocneonart ncrnne. Hexoropte ns nnx
npnnxnn ero npnstn, pyrne xe nnmt nocmexnnct na nnm, no-
cunran ero nenexo
116
. Hocne +rnx cnon Hn Famap ecrnn-
rentno cpannnnaer ero c Hpopoxom (c.r.c.)
?]h h[jZah\Zgb_
Cntma peun naxxanron o ononnenuecxom yuennn My-
xammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa, moxno noymart, uro on ocrannn
nocne cex orpomnoe nayunoe n xyntrypnoe nacnene, uro ero
xnnrn sanonnxmr nonxn nnnorex. He satnare, uro ero
xnsnt tna ouent npoonxnrentno, nourn nex. Ha camom xe
ene nac nocrnrner pasouaponanne, xora nt ysnaere, uro mex
ne nanncan nn ono xnnrn, npnrono nx nsyuennx n yuentx
saneennxx. Ero xnnrn moxno nasnart rontxo pommpamn
117
n
ne onee roro. Ho axe +rn pommpt nonnt omnox n cnatx,
ntymanntx xancon n onoon. Camo nsnecrno pommpo
xnnxercx Knra ar-ranxn (Knnra ennooxnx), npourx ee,
nt raxxe moxere yenrtcx n nenexecrne n sanyxennn nex-
ncxoro anropa.





115
Myxamma uaxnx nn Iaynxaap an-xann. An-Hycyc an-ncnamnx
]n ap-pa ranx masxa an-naxxanx. Hs. n Ernnre n 1922r. C. 7 8; Ar-
Taxnnx an-naxxanx ]n xnmar man. C. 99.
116
Iynnan an-max.. 1/14.
117
Fontmnncrno naxxanrcxnx xnnr npecrannxmr ns cex pommpt, urot
cenart nx ronme, onn crapamrcx nsanart nx n mnnnarmpnom pasmepe.
42
<ukdZau\Zgby mq_guo h g_f
Hama cxpomnax xnnra ne moxer nxnmunrt n cex ntcxa-
stnannx ncex yuentx
118
, no+romy mt npnnonm nnmt ntcxast-
nannx nexoroptx.
Pono par Cyneman cxasan emy: Myxamma, cxontxo
cronnon Hcnama ree nsnecrno? On ornernn: Hxrt. Cyneman
cxasan: Tt npnyman mecro cronn: xro ne cneyer sa roo
ror ne mycyntmannn
119
.
An-Amnp ac-Canrann, anrop Cyyn ac-canam, nanncan o
nem crnxornopenne: On n cnoem rpaxrare oxnnn ncex xnre-
ne 3emnn nenepntmn. B oxasarentcrno cnoe npanort on npn-

118
Ecnn nt xenaere nosnaxomnrtcx c xpnrnxamn naxxansma, ro coneryem
nam npouecrt xnnry Myxammaa an-Kacnpn Ac-Cana]nx ana axn ac-cynna
na an-nmamnx, n +ro xnnre on c 364 no 389 crp. nepeuncnxer mnorne rpyt,
nanncannte n xauecrne onponepxennx ne +roro nnxennx, npnuem na +rnx
crpannnax ynomnnamrcx rontxo nasnannx xnnr n nmena anropon. Taxxe cm.
ar-Taxnn An-unpxa an naxxanx ]n xnmar man? (Komy cnyxnr cexra
naxxanron?), c. 64-100, na +rnx crpannnax npnneent nmena yuentx n nn-
rart ns nx xnnr. anee cm: mex Myxamma an-Kypn am-Ba]nrn, xoropt
n cnoe xnnre nocxnanxer rpaxrar Cynemana nn Iaynnaxxaa; Iaynna
nn Iaynart] am-Ba]nrn, Taxpn ca] an-xnxa nnmyarn an-
nxrnxa; Ia]n]yrnn an-Xanann, Ac-Canarnx na ap-pyry n nanarn
pommpa, xoropte coxparnn Myxamma nn Famnp xasn; Hn Ia]annx an-
Xanann, Taxaxym an-myxannnnn n mann nara raxn a-nn; Iara
an-Maxxn, Ac-Capnm an-xnnn ]n rnnax an-nexn; Hcmann ar-Tamnmn
an-Mannxn ar-Tynycn, Cannx an-Kannam ar-Tynycn, Hn Iannyn an-Hxnn,
Mycra]a an-Mncpn an-Fynaxn, an-Mampnx an-Mannxn an-xasanpn, Mycra-
]a an-Xamamn an-Mncpn, Canama an-Iasamn, Xacan am-Barn an-Xanann,
Myxamma Xycnan Maxnm], Iara an-Kacam a-nmamxn, Iaynrasns an-
Kypamn an-Mannxn, Iaynmyxcnn an-Amnxpn an-Xanann, Axma ac-
Cnpxnnn an-Haxmann, Xann an-Faran, Axma nn Iann an-Kaann
an-Facpn, an-Xa]ns Myxamma Xacan an-Xana]n, Myxamma Iaraynna ap-
Pymn, Hpaxnm ap-Pann an-Inpaxn, Inca ac-Canrann an-Hemenn, Xamynna
a-axnnn an-Xana]n an-Xnnn, Iaypaxman Kyrn, Myxamma Xan an-
Myxnxx xasn Fapmann, Hcmann ar-Tamnmn ar-Tynycn, Iaynnaxxa am-
Barpann, Rcy] an-Haxann an-unnacrtnn, Iann 3anynrannn ac-Cyann,
Myxamma Annapmax an-Kammnpn, Myxamma Axma Xamn ac-Cyann,
Hn Iannn am-Bamn, Myxamma Iapaxman ac-Canxarn an-Xnnn n py-
rne.
119
Axma 3ann axnxn. A-ypap ac-cynnnx.. C. 137.
43
nonr mnoxecrno ymecrntx n neymecrntx onoon, on nooen
nayxy, nocreperammemy cnom otuy. Knxnyct Annaxom cxa-
sano ouent rouno.
Mexxancxn xanannrcxn my]rn mex Myxamma nn
Iaynna an-Hexn an-Xanann (ym. 1295r. (1878r.)) n cnoe
xnnre Ac-Cyxy an-nannx ranx apanx an-xanannx, paccxa-
stnax o orne Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa, nnmer: On xn-
nxercx ornom roro Myxammaa, xoropt pacnpocrpannn no mnpy
cnoe yuenne, onaxo ne cneyer oroxecrnnxrt orna c ctnom.
Myxamma ne ntcrynnn co cnonm yuennem o rex nop, noxa ne
ymep ero oren. Hexoropte yuente mne paccxastnann, uro mex
Iaynnaxxa tn cepnr na cnoero ctna sa ro, uro on orxasan-
cx nsyuart ]nxx, xax +ro enann nce ero npexn n pystx. Cnonm
connemennnxam n npounm nmxm on ronopnn: Hpnstn Myxam-
maa xnnxercx snom, onaxo nce nponcxonr rontxo no none An-
naxa. O ero ornomennn x Hn Temnn n Hn an-Kanmy oren
cxasan: On ornocnrcx x cnonam +rnx nonx xax x cnxmenntm
rexcram n axe ne xommenrnpyer nx. Fonee roro, on nanaaer na
nme. Ero pary Cynemany, nanncanmemy xnnry uacn an-
xnra ]n ap-pa ranx Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa, yanoct
cnacrnct or rnenn. Tora oren cxasan: Ecnn xro-nno pacxpt-
nan cyrt ero ne, ro on ntrancx ynrt +roro uenonexa, ecnn emy
+ro ne yananoct, ro on sactnan xoro-nno, xro enan +ro rano.
On cunran osnonenntm nponnrne xponn nmoro, xro ntcrynan
npornn nero. Bsrnxnnre na +rn cnona. Pasne mor trt yuentm
uenonex, orxasanmncx or nsyuennx ]nxxa n rax cnntno pasrne-
nanmn cnoero npanenoro orna?
Bex Myxammaamnn nn Iannn an-Xana]n n xnnre
Pa an-myxrap ranx ypp an-myxrap, 4/262, n rnane o necnpa-
nennnocrn, paccxastnax o naxxanrax, nnmer: 3rn nmn no-
xnnnnct n Hexe, saxnarnnn oe Cnxrtnn, oxnnxnn cex
xanannramn, no mycyntmanamn cunrann rontxo cex, nce oc-
rantnte nx nnx tnn xstunnxamn.
pyro yuent xamnn Ctxn as-3axann n An-uaxp
ac-cat nnmer: Baxxanrt +ro cexra, ocnonononoxnnxom
xoropo xnnxercx Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa. Bnepnte on
44
ntcrynnn co cnonmn nexmn n 1143r. (1730r.), a xora emy nc-
nonnnnoct nxrtecxr ner, ntcrynnn c orxptro arnranne n
nontsy cnoe cexrt. Pacnpocrpanenne cnonx ]antmnntx ne
on nauan c Hexa. Ero noepxan Myxamma nn Cary, +mnp
a-aprnn, nocrenenno +ra cmyra pacnpocrpannnact no mnornx
apacxnx semnxx n oxnarnna ncm apacxym nycrtnm. Cnonm no-
cneonarenxm on ronopnn: npnstnam nac rontxo x ennoo-
xnm, orxasy or xstuecrna n noxnonennm onomy Annaxy. H
nce onn mnn sa nnm, raxnm opasom, nocrenenno on onnaenan
nce nontmn n nontmn reppnropnxmn
120
.
Iaynna nn am-Bapn] Xycen nama n xnnre Ctx
an-xaap ]n xanapnx an-xapn ac-cann ramap (Hpannnte ne-
crn o xapnxnrax nenanaroro nexa) nnmer: 3ra naxxanr-
cxax nra noxnnnact n 1143r. (1730r.) n Hexe, nosnee n
1218r. (1803r.) onn saxnarnnn Mexxy. Xapnxnramn xe onn t-
nn nasnant ne ns-sa roro, uro saxnarnnn Mexxy, a ns-sa roro, uro
nx yuenne camo no cee xnnxercx nra.
Kpome ntmenepeuncnenntx yuentx, c xpnrnxo Hn
Iaynnaxxaa n ero yuennx ntcrynann npecrannrenn ncex ue-
rtpex masxaon.
Onnm ns nepntx, xro ntcrynnn c ocyxennem ecrnn
Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa, tn ero tnmn nacrannnx
mex Myxamma nn Cyneman an-Kypn, anrop nsnecrnoro
ma]nrnrcxoro xommenrapnx Xanamn mapx Hpn Xaxap ranx
marn. B uacrnocrn on cxasan Hn Iaynnaxxay: Hpnepxn
cno npeonocnt xstx n ne npen mycyntmanam, - onaxo, on
ne nocneonan +romy conery, n ne npnepxan ne rontxo xstx, no
n pyxn.
Xanannrom, ntcrynnnmnm npornn nero, tn ero pono
par mex Cyneman, xnnrn xoroporo mt ynomxnynn ntme.

120
xamnn Ctxn as-3axann. An-uaxp ac-catx ]n ap-pa ranx mynxnpn
ar-ranaccynt, na an-xapamar, na an-xanapnx. C. 16. Hs. n Ernnre n 1323r.
(1905r.).
45
B uncne xanannrcxnx yuentx Bama tnn Ann am-Barn
n mex Iaynxyymn an-Hanmcn, eme ontme ero npornnnn-
xon tno cpen conpemennnxon.
<ukdZau\Zgby h _j_lbq_kdhc gZijZ\e_gghklb _]h mq_gby
O epernuecxo nanpannennocrn yuennx Myxammaa nn
Iaynnaxxaa ntcxastnannct Hn Iannn an-Xana]n n Pa
an-myxrap ranx ypp an-myxrap n rnane O necnpanennnocrn
n mex ac-Cann an-Mncpn n cnonx cyxommenrapnxx x ra]cnpy
xananan. Onn oa ormeuann, uro mex oxnnxer nenep-
ntmn rex, xro nponsnocnr cnona Her oxecrna, xpome Annaxa,
a Myxamma nocnannnx Annaxa.
AZ[em`^_gby ex^_c hlghkbl_evgh _]h mq_gby
Kax nsnecrno, ero yuenne saponnoct n Hexe, na pon-
ne nenexecrna, n nocrenenno pacnpocrpannnoct no nnsnexa-
mnm pernonam. Te, xro xnn nanexe on Hexa, cntmann, uro
noxnnnoct nonoe yuenne, xoropoe npenparnno nenex n paso-
nnxon n nonnon ranxna, opmmnxcx c mornnonoxnonnnuecrnom.
Ho +ro npnunne mnorne npocronmnnt, n axe nexoropte
yuente, omanynnct, rax xe xax onn omanynnct n ornomennn
Ararmpxa. 3rn nmn noymann, uro annoe yuenne necer Hcna-
my ononnenne n cnny.
B uacrnocrn mex ac-Canrann, anrop xnnrn Cyyn ac-
canam, nanncan: Hpnnercrnne Hexy n rem, xro ero nacenxer,
x nx npnnercrnym, necmorpx na ro uro npnnercrnne nsanexa ne
npnnocnr nnxaxo nontst. Kora xe on nonxn cyrt +roro nn-
xennx, ro nanncan cneymmne crpoxn: pacxaxncx n cnonx
cnonax ornocnrentno Hexa, o menx omnn ncrnnnte necrn.
yman, uro n Hexe opo, n naexncx, uro on nacrannr my-
cyntman na ncrnnnt nyrt. omncx, net npenonoxenne ne
cnocono necrn ncrnnntm nyrem
121
.

121
Baxxanrt crapamrcx samnrnrtcx or noontx ntcxastnann yuentx,
onnnxx nx n xnenere n nenocneonarentnocrn. Hx cocroxnne noono cocro-
xnnm yronammero, nennxmmerocx sa conomnnxy. Ha camom xe ene y nnx ner
nnxaxnx onoon nx onpanannx cnonx exnn n cnoero yuennx, no+romy
npncnymnnarect x cnonam ncrnnntx yuentx.
46
Kpome nero nx yuenne nneno n sanyxenne cena My-
xammaa Pamna Pny, peaxropa xypnana An-Manap, nann-
canmero xnnry An-Baxxanx na an-xnxas
122
. Hpnunno raxo
nmnn x naxxansmy, tna nenanncrt x nnacrnn ampa]non
123

n xenanne nx cneprnyrt, +ror ]axr cneyer yuecrt
124
.
FmkmevfZgkdb_ mq_gu_ ijbau\Zxl
FmoZffZ^Z [bg =Z[^me\ZooZ[Z \_jgmlvky d bklbg_
Ceronx naxxansm pasennncx na necxontxo reuenn n
npecrannrenn nexoroptx ns nnx ocmennnamrcx yrnepxart,
uro rnant apacxnx nnemen n pernonon ncnontsonann +roro ue-
nonexa n cnonx xoptcrntx nenxx, xora xe on nonxn +ro n ynn-
en, uro ero yuenne npnneno x pesne n rpaexy mycyntman, na-
cnnnm na xenmnnamn, ro nocnemnn noxaxrtcx. Bce +ro nox-
nte onpanannx, c momenra sapoxennx nnxennx n nnnort o
cmeprn Hn Iaynnaxxaa nce naxxanrcxne nocxa oxsarent-
no narocnonnxnnct camnm mexom. uro xe xacaercx ero camo-
orcrpanennx or en nnxe x xonny xnsnn, ro naxxanrcxn nc-

122
B cnoem xypnane An-Manap on uacro ntcrynan n nx samnry, onee roro,
on axe onponepran nsnecrnx o rom, uro onn ycrponnn pesnm nennnntx my-
cyntman n Tan]e, xora xe naxxanrt camn npnsnann +ror ]axr, Myxamma
Pamn Pna na 88 c. cnoe xnnrn An-Baxxanmn na-xnxas nanncan: a-
xe ecnn onn n conepmnnn noonym omnxy, ro rouno raxym xe conepmnnn
n nyumne nmn caxat, ynnmne mycyntman no npnxasy Xanna nn an-
Banna. Mt raxoro onpanannx or mexa Myxammaa Pamna Pnt npn-
nxrt ne moxem, pasne moxno cpannnnart yncrno no omnxe c npename-
penntm yncrnom? Myxamma Pamn Pna nnan n sanyxenne ornocn-
rentno naxxansma rontxo noromy, uro ouent cnntno nenannen rocyapcrno
ampa]non n, nastnax nx rnpanamn, xenan cnepxennx nx pexnma. Bcxope on
ysnan, uro naxxanrt saxnmunnn c anrnnuanamn oronop n oemann oxasart
nm nomomt n saxnare Apanncxoro nonyocrpona, nmenno no+romy na 111 c.
on nnmer: Mt ymaem, uro nesanncnmocrn Apanncxoro nonyocrpona mox-
no tno t ocrnut n pyrnmn nyrxmn.
123
B uacrnocrn onn ns ampa]non, a nmenno nx namecrnnx n Mexxe, nosno-
nnn anrnnuannny Hopency nocernrt Xnxas, no ecnn t mex Pamn Pna
snan ncm npany o naxxanrax, ro on nonxn t, uro nx nocrynxn tnn eme
onee yxacntmn.
124
Cm. ero rpyt, nanncannte nocne roro, xax on nosnaxomnncx c naxxans-
mom nnxe n ysnan ero cyrt, n uacrnocrn xnnry An-Xamannx na an-xnxas.
47
ropnx mex Iycman an-Hexn nnmer: Kora Annax orxptn
emy +p-Pnx, xora Hcnam pacnpocrpannncx n pernone, xora o-
porn crann esonacntmn, mex oromen or en n onepnn pyxo-
nocrno Iaynrasnsy, npeocrannn emy n mycyntman n nx xas-
ny. On cran yenxrt ontmee nnnmanne orocnyxennm n camo-
opasonannm. Gh g_kfhljy gZ wlh =Z[^me]Zaba gbdh]^Z g_
ijbgbfZe j_r_gby [_a _]h mqZklby
125
. Kax nnnre, cnona
naxxanron camn cnnerentcrnymr o nx exnnxx. Taxxe opa-
rnre nnnmanne eme na onn ]axr: on nnmer o nsxrnn +p-Pnxa n
cnxstnaer c +rnm pacnpocrpanenne Hcnama. Hsnecrno, uro n ro
npemx Mexxa n Menna eme ne npnnanexann naxxanram, no-
nyuaercx, uro rora o nnx Hcnam eme ne omen. Kaxt snaer,
uro noromxn Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa nocxr rnryn An
am-mex (Cemtx mexa) n onn nnnort o namnx ne ocra-
mrcx nentmn noxnonnrenxmn naxxanrcxoro nnxennx
126
.
Ha +rom mt sanepmaem nsnoxenne norpa]nn mexa
Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa n opamaemcx x xopnxm ero
neonornn, xoropax tna sanoxena Hn Temne n Hn an-
Kanmom.
B[g L_cfby Ze-OZjZgb
Ero nonnoe nmx mex Axma nn Iaynxannm nn
Temnx. On npnxonrcx nnyxom nsnecrnomy xanannrcxomy ]a-
xnxy an-Maxy nn Temnn. O ponncx n 661r. (1262r.) n Xa-
pane, na ocrpone Hn Iamp, pacnonoxennom mexy Tnrpom n
En]parom
127
, n onontno opasonanno cemte. B 667r. (1268r.)
ero oren, onacaxct monrontcxoro namecrnnx, nepecenxercx n
amacx.
Eme n monoocrn Hn Temnx ornnuancx npexpacno na-
mxrtm n cmtmnenocrtm, sa uro tn npnsnan mnornmn yuentmn.
An-Xa]ns Hn Xaxap, onnctnax norpa]nm +roro uenonexa,
nnmer: On nocxonn na mnnap n naunnan ronopnrt xax nsne-

125
Iynnan an-max.. 1/15.
126
3ro eme ono cnnerentcrno sanyxennx nocneonarene +roro nnxe-
nnx. Pasne xora-nno n Hcname snanne nepeananoct no nacnecrny?
127
Bnnmo, nmeercx n nny Mexypeute. n.n.
48
crnemne my]accnpt, npnnox annte ns xnnr no ]nxxy, xan-
cy, cctnaxct na Kopan, cynny n xstxonte nayxn. Ftno raxoe
omymenne, uro on unraer +ro nce npxmo ns xnnrn. Bcxope on
cran ouent nonynxpen, no n nrore +ro npnneno nnmt x camonm-
onannm n camoonontcrny. On noyman, uro npensomen ncex, n
cran ne saymtnaxct orneuart na sameuannx n xpynntx, n men-
xnx yuentx. V xaxoro mycyntmancxoro yuenoro on namen
omnxy, onee roro, on saxnnn, uro cam Iymap n nanarn cemn
cnyuaxx npornnopeunn Kopany.
128

Ho cyrn ena, Hn Temnm moxno nasnart ocnonono-
noxnnxom xamannsma. Hmam ac-Cyxn nanncan o nem cneym-
mne crpoxn: 3rn nmn ntramrcx sanonnnrt cnom nycrory (an-
xamy), onn tcrpo pacnpocrpanxmrcx na nocroxe n na sanae.
Onn yrnepxamr, uro y cotrn ner nauana, ono ne nmeer or-
nomennx x Annaxy
129
.
Mnorne ns yuentx, tnmnx conpemennnxamn Hn Te-
mnn, ornepnynnct or nero. Cpen nnx tnn ar-Tax an-uasapn,
nsnecrnt xax an-uapxax, Hn an-Fypxan, an-xanan an-
uasnnnn, an-Kaman as-3amnaxann, Myxamma nn an-Xapnpn an-
Ancapn, an-Iana an-Kynynn n pyrne. Hn Temnx ne npnnnman
nx nacrannennx, a nce ontme n ontme pasxnran cmyry.
Xancone an-xa]ns an-]axnx Bannynn an-Inpaxn n
cnoe xnnre An-Axnna an-maptx ranx an-acnna an-maxxnx
nnmer o Hn Tamnn cneymmee: V nero ontme snann, uem
paccyxa, On onee uem n mecrnecxrn cnyuaxx ntcrynnn
npornn ennornacnoro mnennx yuentx (nxmar). Mnorne npo-
crte nmn, omanynmnct, nocneonann sa +rnm uenonexom, n
cnxsn c +rnm mnorne yuente ns uncna ero conpemennnxon no-
cnemnnn nanncart onponepxenne n pacxptrt re nra, xoropte
on conepman. B uacrnocrn nmam an-xa]ns Taxnmnn Iann nn
Iaynxa]n ac-Cyxn n cnoe xnnre A-yppary an-myta
yxasan: Hn Temnx ntcrynnn c nononneennxmn n onacrn

128
Hn Xaxap. A-ypap an-xamnna. 1/144.
129
Ac-Cyxn. Taaxar am-ma]nrnx an-xypa. 10/176; ac-Ca]n (ym. 764r.
(1362r.)). An-Ba]n n an-na]nxr. 21/262.
49
axtt n napymnn omenpnnxrte nopmt n xanont Hcnama.
Bnauane on ntrancx noxasart, uro cneyer sa Kopanom n cyn-
no, npnstnaer x ncrnne, onaxo norom on nauan nsmtmnxrt
pasnnunte nra, xoropte tnn nce yxacnee n yxacnee. On na-
pymnn nxmar n saxnnn o renecnocrn Annaxa, o rom, uro On
nyxaercx n Cnonx xe uacrxx n uro c Hnm co npemenem roxe
nponcxoxr nsmenennx. anee on nepeuncnxer ocrantnte sa-
nyxennx Hn Temnn, n uncno xoroptx nxonr mnenne o ns-
neunocrn mnpa. B cnonx rpyax sanyxennx Hn Temnn nepe-
uncnxmr an-xa]ns Ay Carn an-Ianan, mex an-xa]ns an-
Inpaxn, ncropnx an-xa]ns Bamcynn nn Tynyn n pyrne,
cneyx nx npnmepy. Hnxe mt roxe pemnnn nx nepeuncnnrt.
<hijhku, ih dhlhjuf B[g L_cfby
\uklmibe ijhlb\ h[s_]h fg_gby fmkmevfZg
Hnora Hn Temnx npornnopeunn nxmary, a nnora
mnennm, npnnxromy masxaom. Hanpnmep, on saxnnn, uro xnxrna
pasnoom ne npecrannxer coo pasno, a conepmnnmn ee
onxen rontxo ncxynnrt cnom nenepnym xnxrny. Ha camom xe
ene nn onn ns mycyntmancxnx yuentx n +rom nonpoce nnxora
ne ntcxastnan mnennx o ncxynnennn. Taxxe on saxnnn, uro
pasno, annt n cocroxnnn mencrpyann nnn nocne nononoro
axra, ne ecrnnrenen
130
. On an paspemenne conepmart rana]
no npemx mencrpyann. B nexoroptx ns cnonx rpyon on saxnnx-
er, uro Annax no cnonm pasmepam panen Tpony, ne ontme n ne
mentme nero. B pyrnx xnnrax on saxnnxer, uro snanne Annaxa
orpannueno n ne moxer pacnpocrpanxrtcx na ecxoneunoe, a
nmenno na naroencrnne onrarene Pax. On xe saxnnn, uro
npopoxn ne tnn sacrpaxonant or ontmnx rpexon n uro naxa-
sanne n Ay ne yer neuntm. Taxxe on yrnepxan, uro rexcrt
Topt n Enanrennx ne tnn ncxaxent, a tnn ncxaxent nnmt
nx xommenrapnn. npomy npomennx y Annaxa ne rontxo sa +rn
xnnrn, no n yexennx +roro uenonexa.

130
Bymarect, cxontxo npenmoexnn conepmamr cana]nrt, nontsyxct
ero ]ernamn, a coxpannr nac Annax or +roro.
50
Hoonte mnennx ouent ynnnxmr, nocxontxy xnno npo-
rnnopeuar ncrnne. Hpnneem ncero na neontmnx npnmepa,
nepnt yer cnxsan c rana]om no npemx mencrpyannn, a nropo
c ncxaxennxmn Topt n Enanrennx. Kax moxno cneonart sa yue-
ntm, xoropt xnno npornnopeunr Kopany, n n uacrnocrn cnonam
Annaxa: =hj_ l_f, dhlhju_ i_j_ibku\Zxl IbkZgb_, [bkdZ-
`Zy] kh[kl\_ggufb jmdZfb, Z ihlhf ml\_j`^Zxl. "Wlh hl
:eeZoZ" (2:79)? Hocne roro, xax tnn nncnocnant +rn oxecr-
nennte cnona, npnxonr nexn sanymn Hn Temnx n saxn-
nxer: Her, Topa n Enanrenne ne tnn ncxaxent. Kax moxno
cneonart sa uenonexom, xoropt xnno npornnopeunr cynne
131
n
nxmary? Bce yuente ennornacnt n rom, uro xenmnna no npe-
mx xaxa ne rontxo ne oxsana, no n ne onxna conepmart ra-
na], nocxontxy rana] +ro monnrna. Kax nocne +roro moxno
yrnepxart, uro xenmnne no npemx mencrpyannn paspemeno co-
nepmart rana]?
Hsnecrna ncropnx o rom, xax cnymarenn axe onaxt
nonnn Hn Temnm npxmo n meuern. Ay an-Xacan Iann a-
nmamxn nepeaer or cnoero orna: Mt cnenn n meuern n
cnymann Hn Temnm, on unran npononet. Kora on omen o
axron o Tpone, ro cxasan: Annax pasmecrnncx na Tpone rax xe,

131
Ap-Panr nn Xan npnnonr coornercrnymmn xanc n r.2. C. 178, no-
mep 440, rnana uro enart xenmnne n cocroxnnn mencrpyannn no npemx xa-
xa, y an-Fyxapn n rnane Mencrpyannn, 1/428, y Mycnnma npnnonrcx
xanc nomep 1328, re paccxastnaercx o xaxe Iamn: Kora x npntna n
Mexxy, y menx nauannct mecxunte, x ne cmorna cenart rana] n ne cmorna
erart mexy Ca]o n Mapno. Kora x noxanonanact npopoxy (c.r.c.), on
cxasan: Hoxa ne sanepmarcx mecxunte, ena nce, uro enamr ocrantnte
nanomnnxn, xpome rana]a; y an-Fyxapn npnneen pnnaxr: Xenmnna, y xo-
ropo tnn mecxunte, onxna nocnonnnrt nce, xpome rana]a. Iara nepeaer
or xanpa, xora y Iamn no npemx xaxa naunnannct mecxunte, ona ena-
na nce, uro nonoxeno, no nosepxnnanact or rana]a n monnrnt. Hoonte
pnnaxrt ecrt n copnnxax Axmaa, ar-Tnpmnsn, an-Hacan, Ay aya, Hn
Maxn n pyrnx xanconeon.
51
xax x na +rom cryne - rora nce nmn napocnnnct na nero,
cramnnn co cryna n nauann nrt xynaxamn n oyntm.
132

Hmam as-3axan xora-ro roxe tn nopaxen ymom n sna-
nnxmn Hn Temnn n n monoocrn axe tn ero yuennxom. Tor-
a-ro on n nanncan cnom neuantno nsnecrnym xnnry An-
Iynm. Kora xe on ysnan ncrnny n yenncx n ntcoxomepnn
Hn Temnn, ro n cnoe xnnre Faxn sarn an-rnnm na ar-rana
nanncan: B xoneunom nrore, nce xnrenn Ernnra n Bama crann
npesnpart ero, nenannert, onnnxrt no nxn n nenepnn. K raxo-
my neuantnomy nrory ero npnnenn ntcoxomepne, crpemnenne x
nnacrn, rmecnanne n nenanncrt x nennxnm yuentm. a coxpannr
nac Annax or +roro
133
.

132
3ry ncropnm npnnonr Hn Farryra na 95 c. cnonx sanncox nyremecrnen-
nnxa. Conpemennte xamannrt ntramrcx onponeprnyrt noonte pnnaxrt n
nastnamr nx arryrcxo noxtm, no +ro eme pas cnnerentcrnyer n nontsy nx
nenexecrna. Bet nsnecrno, uro Hn Temnx tn nocaxen n rmptmy. A sa
uro? Koneuno xe sa noonte ntcxastnannx. Ho ]axra ero saxnmuennx onn
yxe orpnnart ne cmoryr. Pasne onn cmoryr orpnnart, uro Hn Temnx ntcxa-
stnan mtcnn o rom, uro Annax nepennraercx, cnycxaercx, nmeer nanpanne-
nne n mecro, cnnr na Tpone n np.? Hoonte nen Hn Tamnn ynomxnyrt
n raxnx xnnrax, xax Mnnxax ac-cynna, 1/264 n 2/26, an-Myna]axa,
2/504, Maxmyr an-]arana, 5/527, xommenrapn x xancy o nncxoxennn,
c. 151. Fonee roro, Hn Temnx npnepxnnancx rex xe yexenn, uro n ]a-
paon unprayn, conpemennnx Myct (r.c.), n yrnepxan, uro Annax n nee. A
xax nsnecrno, on tn nepntm, xro cxasan: H OZfZg' <ha^\b]gb ^ey f_gy
[Zrgx. ;ulv fh`_l, y ih^gbfmkv ^h iml_c - iml_c d g_[_kZf - b \hag_kmkv
d [h]m Fmku (40:36). Heyxenn nocne +roro, naxxanrt ocmenxrcx cxasart,
uro ]apaon tn na ncrnnnom nyrn n yneponan n mnccnm Myct (r.c.)? H xo-
neuno xe es comnennx, xpuamnm npnmepom oxecrnennoro nocceannx na
Tpone moxer trt rontxo nocceanne Hn Temnn. Ecnn t naxxanrt nnn-
marentno unrann axrt Kopana, ro snann t, uro Tpon oemner neeca n
semnm, n Kopane cxasano: ?]h ljhg h[t_fe_l g_[_kZ b a_fex (2:255). Xo-
rnm noxcnnrt, uro c rouxn spennx apacxoro cnnraxcnca Tpon +ro ]arnn
(ncnonnnrent ecrnnx), neeca +ro ma]ryn (ror, na xoro opameno e-
crnne), a semnx - +ro marry] (npnnxsannt) n ornomennn neec. Ho+ro-
my ne cnemnre onnnxrt no nxn nyremecrnennnxa Hn Farryry, rem onee
uro rouno raxo xe pnnaxr npnnonr an-xa]ns Hn Xaxap an-Iacxanxnn n
xnnre A-ypap an-xamnna, 1/154.
133
Hmam as-3axan orxasancx or rex yexenn, xoropte npnopen, yyun
yuennxom Hn Temnn. O +rom on nnmer n cnoe xnnre Cnxp arnxm an-
52
Hn Temnx, pan roro urot oxasart npanory cnoero
yuennx, sauacrym ncnontsonan onontno crpannte merot:
A. Btymtnanne necymecrnymmnx nxmaron cana]on,
xxot nornepxammnx ero nen. Taxo ono uacro ncnontsy-
ercx n ero xnnrax. Hanpnmep, xommenrnpyx axrt o oxecrnen-
ntx arpnyrax, on yrnepxaer: Cpen cnonnxnnxon Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.) nnxora ne tno pasnornacn no nonoy oxcnennx
cmtcna xopannuecxnx axron, paccxastnammnx o oxecrnenntx
arpnyrax. osnaxomnncx c ontmnm uncnom rpaxronox cno-
nnxnnxon n xancon, npouen oxono cornn pasnnuntx ra]cnpon
n nnre ne onapyxnn, uro xro-nno ns nnx xommenrnponan ax-
rt o oxecrnenntx arpnyrax n xaxom-nno pyrom snauennn,
xpome yxnantnoro
134
. Bsrnxnnre, xax ynopno +ror uenonex nt-
raercx nnymnrt ro, uero na camom ene ner. Hocmorpnm, uro
nnmer ar-Taapn, ra]cnp xoroporo Hn Temnx ouent cnntno
xnannr n ronopnr, uro on ne coepxnr nra: Kommenraropt
pasomnnct no mnennxx no +romy nonpocy. Hexoropte ns nnx
cxasann, uro no Tponom nmeercx n nny oxecrnennoe sna-
nne. Hpn +rom ar-Taapn cctnaercx na Carna nn xyapa,
nepeanmero +ro mnenne or Hn Iaaca. Hpnuem raxnx mnenn
nt moxere ncrpernrt orpomnoe mnoxecrno, nanpnmep, n xnnre
An-Acma na ac-ct]ar nmama an-Faxaxn
135
.
Touno raxo xe nxmar on ntyman, ntraxct oxasart,
uro Annax sannmaer ntcoxoe nonoxenne ]nsnuecxn n uro mec-
ronaxoxenne Annaxa nmeer cnon rpannnt, no +romy nonoy on

nyanx. 3ra xnnra tna nanncana nm yxe n xonne xnsnn, n ne on orxast-
naercx or yxnantnoro nonnmannx Kopana n npneraer x ero rpaxronxe (rannn
n ra]nn) n saxnnxer o rom, uro y Annaxa ner nnxaxnx rpannn. O +rom pac-
cxastnaer Hn Xnan (6/97 98), onnctnax norpa]nm as-3axan. Hsnecr-
no, uro on n cnoem nacrannennn An-Hactxa as-saxanx oparnncx n x cno-
emy yunrenm Hn Temnn c npnstnom noxaxrtcx. B nauane cnoero nyrn nmam
as-3axan nomen nenepntm nyrem, no+romy, nsyuax ero xnnrn, cneyer trt
ouent nnnmarentntm, nocxontxy n xonne xnsnn on noxaxncx n orxasancx or
ncex nenepntx yexenn.
134
Hn Temnx. Ta]cnp cypar an-Hyp. C. 178 179.
135
Fonee nopono o +rom nt moxere npouecrt n xnnre Myxammaa an-
Kacnpn Ac-Cana]nx ana axn ac-cynna na an-nmamnx. C. 473 476.
53
n xnnre An-Xamannx an-xypa
136
nnmer: .nn n Kopane, nn n
xancax, nn n ntcxastnannxx caxaon, ranrnnon, yuentx ner
mnenn o rom, uro Annax ne naxonrcx n nee; +ro xnnax noxt,
n Hn Temnx npexpacno snan o +rom n yuente onponeprnn ero
nen. Annax no +romy nonoy n Kopane ronopnr: B dm^Z [u \u
gb ih\_jgmebkv, h[jZlbl_kv d :eeZom (2:115), n xance Hpopox
(c.r.c.) cxasan: Ecnn nt monnrect, ro ne nnmre nepe coo,
noncrnne, no npemx monnrnt nepe namn Annax
137
, n pyrom
xance cxasano: Pa nanonee nnsox x Annaxy no npemx sem-
noro noxnona
138
. Annax ne moxer trt orpannuen npocrpancr-
nom, rem onee neecamn, no +romy nonoy moxno npnnecrn
ouent mnoro ntcxastnann cnonnxnnxon n ranrnnon, onaxo
annax xnnra nmeer nemnoro pyrym remarnxy. urot xomnen-
cnponart +ror neocrarox, mt xornm npnnecrn ntcxastnanne
Bnxaynna nn xaxana an-Xanan am-Ba]nrn
139
, xoro-
pt tn conpemennnxom Hn Temnn: Cpen +rnx nme
(ncenocana]nron) ecrt re, xro xnenemer na ancapon n myxa-
xnpon, npnnnctnax nm pasnnunte necymecrnymmne ntcxast-
nannx. 3rnm nmxm ne yacrcx oxasart cnom npannnocrt, a-
xe ecnn onn norparxr na +ro eno nce orarcrno, nmemmeecx na
semne. 3rn nmn xenamr yonnernopnrt cnon nnacrnte amn-
nnn, n Kopane cxasano: B lu m\b^brv, qlh _klv b ^jm]b_, dh-
lhju_ ohlyl [ulv \_jgufb b \Zf, b k\h_fm gZjh^m 4:91. 3rn
nmn npneramr x nnnemepnm n ncenoacxernsmy, n nrore nx
yuenne npecrannxer coo nosonouennt nanos nnn ntunmen-
noe orxoxee mecro. Onn xpanxr cnoe sepntmxo, n naexe na
ro, uro ono npenparnrcx n xemuyxnny
140
.
F. Oxnnenne neocronepntmn ncex xancon, npornno-
peuamnx yuennm. Hn Temnx n ero nocneonarenn oxnnxmr

136
Onnnanart rpaxrar ns xnnrn Ap-Pacann an-xypa, Hn Temnx. C.
429 432.
137
Hepeann an-Fyxapn, Mycnnm, Ay ay n Hn Maxa.
138
Hepeann Mycnnm, an-Hacan, Ay ay n Axma.
139
Vm. n 733r. (1332r.).
140
Hn xaxan. An-Xaxanx an-xannx ]n ap-pa ranx Hn Temnx ]nma
aypaaxy ]n an-]arana an-xamannx. C. 32.
54
neocronepntmn nce xanct, npornnopeuamne nx yuennm, n npn
+rom axe ne yrpyxamr cex nx anannsom. Ho nx mnennm, ne
onn onxnt cneonart xancam, a xanct onxnt npnepxn-
nartcx nx mnennx. Hmenno no+romy nmam as-3axan, opamaxct
x Hn Temnn, cxasan: Or rex ne cnacnnct axe xanct oonx
ocronepnemnx copnnxon, axe cpen nnx rt namen cnate,
uacrt ns nnx rt ornepr, a uacrt rpaxryemt no-cnoemy
141
.
B. Fpant n apec cnonx onnonenron. Hn Temnx n ero
nocneonarenn ne rnymannct nnuem, nnora axe no xaxo-nno
nycrxxono npnunne oxnnxnn roro nnn nnoro mycyntmannna
xstunnxom
142
. On cam paccxastnaer o cnoem ornomennn x yna-
xaemtm yuentm: cxasan emy: C camoro nauana mycyntmane
pasomnnct no nonpocy pacnyrnnxon, onn ns crapnen cxasan:
Her, +ro nenepno, nepntm pasnornacnem tno pasnornacne n
xaname. anee Hn Temnx npoonxaer: Vcntman +rn cnona,
x ouent paccepnncx n cxasan: 'Tt omncx, +ro noxt n ona npo-
rnnopeunr nxmary. V rex ner nn nocnnrannx, nn crenenn, rt
ne conmaemt npannn npnnnunx npn pasronope co mno, n rnon
ornert omnount
143
. Bor raxnm opasom cex neer xamannr-
cxn nmam, on onnnxer no nxn n nenocnnrannocrn crapnxa, no-
cmenmero cnopnrt c nnm. B xnnre An-uaxnx an-myxassn Hn
Temnx (c. 152) paccxastnaercx o rom, xax onaxt Hn Te-
mnx an ]erny, a pyro ]axnx an ]erny, npornnopeuamym ero
]erne, ysnan o +rom, Hn Temnx cxasan emy: Taxoe mor cxa-
sart rontxo ocen, croxmn n cnoem crone. Camte xymne ns
ntpaxenn on ntnpan nx nmama an-uaxpa ap-Pasn n nmama
an-Iasann, nastnan nx nnncxnmn n rpeuecxnmn ntnnxramn.
Kora xe ncnomnnann Hn an-Myraxxapa an-Xannn, ro on ost-
nan ero Hn an-Mynaxacom
144
(cm. An-Ba]n n an-na]nxr

141
An-Hactxa as-saxanx, a raxxe y an-Kaycapn n Taxmnnxr ac-ca] ac-
caxtn. C. 192.
142
Taxnmnn an-Xycnn. a]r myax man maaxa na ramappaa. C. 41.
143
An-Xa]ns Hn Iaynxan. An-Iyxy a-yppnx ]n manaxn Hn Te-
mnx. 235.
144
Hmeercx n nny nrpa cnon Hn an-Myraxxap (Ctn ounmennoro),
Hn an-Mynaxac (nrx ocxnepnennoro). n.n.
55
ac-Can, 7/18-19). Kax nnnre, nmam, onn ns ocnonononoxnn-
xon xamannsma, tn cxnepnocnonom, na xstxe xoroporo nocro-
xnno tnn nnmt pyrarentcrna n npoxnxrnx, rouno raxnm xe ny-
rem nyr n ero nocneonarenn.
oannxx x ntmecxasannomy, xouercx oparnrt nnnma-
nne unrarenx n na ror ]axr, uro Hn Temnm ne pas npnstnann
x noxaxnnm, no on xaxt pas napyman cnon oemannx. Ero
caxann n rmptmy, sanpernnn nsanart ]ernt. A n nocnenn pas
on tn nocaxen n rmptmy na ocnonannn ]ernt cpasy uertpex
xasnen
145
, onn ns yuennxon Hn Temnn Hn Baxnp an-Kyryn
n Iymn ar-ranapnx paccxastnaer o rom, uro Hn Temnm o-
xnnnn sanymnm n ntnecnn pemenne o neoxonmocrn npeo-
creperart nme or ero yuennx. Kora Hn Temnx nauan npo-
noneonart cnon noxnte nen ornocnrentno oxecrnenno
cymnocrn n arpnyron, Hn Kanayn nsan coornercrnymmee
pacnopxxenne, noxpennennoe rocyapcrnenno neuartm. B
+rom pacnopxxennn ronopnnoct: Bo nmx Annaxa Mnnocrnnoro,
Mnnocepnoro. Her Emy noonx, xax cxasano n Kopane: G_l
gbq_]h ih^h[gh]h ?fm, Hg keurZsbc, \b^ysbc. Xnana Annaxy,
nacrannnmemy nac na nyrt Kopana n cynnt, nsannnmemy or
comnenn. cnnerentcrnym, uro ner oxecrna, xpome Annaxa,
onn On, ner y nero coronapnma, x orpnnam nannune y Annaxa
neocrarxon n Ero orpannuennocrt npocrpancrnom, net n Ko-
pane cxasano: Hg k \Zfb, ]^_ [u \u gb [ueb. cnnerentcr-
nym, uro nam rocnonn Myxamma Ero pa n nocnannnx, ns-
panmn n yxasanmn nyrt cnacennx nx rex, xro cnocoen pas-
mtmnxrt o oxecrnenntx snamennxx n nosepxnnaercx or mtc-
ne ornocnrentno oxecrnenno cymnocrn. Mnp n narocnone-
nne emy, a raxxe ncem ero cnonnxnnxam, nnecmnm cno nxna n
pacnpocrpanenne nept n opty c noxtm n nra. anee. Bonc-
rnny, npannntnax axta, ocnont Hcnama n nept, sanoxennte
masxaamn, xnnxmrcx enncrnenno nepntm nyrem, neymnm x
cnacennm, a xro orxnonxercx or ynomxnyroro nyrn, ror sacny-

145
Ba]nrnrcxn, mannxnrcxn, xana]nrcxn n xanannrcxn; urot ysnart
nx nmena cm. pasen Vuente-cynnnrt orneuamr Hn Temnn.
56
xnnaer myunrentnoro naxasannx. Hmenno no+romy mt oxsant
ncnonnxrt +rn saxont n saornrtcx o coxpannocrn axtt, nso-
nnpyx rex, xro orenxercx or nac. B nocnenne rot Hn Te-
mnx ronopnr n nnmer o oxecrnenntx arpnyrax n cymnocrn,
onaxo, n cnonx rpyax on nsnoxnn mepsxne nen, orneprnyrte
mycyntmancxnm orocnonnem. On saronopnn o rom, o uem mon-
uann axe cnonnxnnxn n ranrnnt. On ntcrynnn npornn en-
nornacnoro mnennx mycyntmancxnx yuentx. Ero noxnte nen
pacnpocrpannnnct no mycyntmancxnm crpanam n nnenn n sa-
nyxenne npocrtx mycyntman. Ero yuenne npornnopeunr nyrn
mycyntmancxnx ]axnxon, a cnonm ]ernam on aer nasnannx, or-
cyrcrnymmne n oxecrnennom nncannn
146
- n rax anee.
Bnnmo, cana]nrt ne opamamr nnnmannx na ror ]axr,
uro Hn Temnx nsnnmne yrnynncx n xanam n ]anca]a, nmenno
no+romy on ntcxasan nen o rom, uro Annax ne xnnxercx cosa-
renem ncero cymero. On nnmer: .nocne ntmecxasannoro nt-
stnamr ynnnenne ]ernt o nenepnn rex, xro onponepraer ]axr
cymecrnonannx rontxo Annaxa n nnuero, xpome Hero.
147

Hmenno no+romy neynnnrentno, uro Hn Temnx ymep n rmpt-
me.
Hn Temnx ymep 22 syntxara 728r. (28.09.1328r.), no-
cne nero ero eno npoonxnnn yuennxn Hn an-Kanm n Hn
Kacnp.
Hocne ntmensnoxennoro y nac nosnnxamr nonpoct: no-
uemy xe naxxanrt cront cnntno nosnennunnamr +roro uenone-
xa? Pasne nm ne nsnecrnt momenrt ero norpa]nn? Pasne nm ne
nsnecrnt ero nen? Pasne onn ne snamr, xax ornocnnnct x nemy
yuente, tnmne ero conpemennnxamn? Pasne nocne +roro ero
moxno nastnart mexynncnam? Bce nx yuenne xnnxercx nox-
ntm n uyxtm Hcnamy, neyxenn Hcnam n reuenne cemncor ner
cymecrnonan es nennxnx yuentx? Boncrnny, y Annaxa ner nn-

146
An-Maxanar ac-cynnnx. C. 33 36.
147
Cm. Hax maparn an-nxmar ranx xamnm maparn an-nxmar, c. 167,
Hn Xasm; pasen Vax]ary mara Hn Temnx ns xnnrn Ac-Cana]nx
mapxana samannx myapaxa, na masxa ncnamn, c. 158, oxrop Myxamma
Carn an-Fyrt.
57
xaxnx neocrarxon, n ner cnnt n morymecrna nn y xoro, xpome
xax y nennxoro Annaxa.
B[g Ze-DZcbf, khqm\kl\mxsbc B[ebkm
Xamannrcxne nen nnenn n sanyxenne mnornx npocrtx
mycyntman. Hocneonarenn mexynncnama n ero yuennxa Bam-
cynna cctnamrcx na cnona cnonx nacrannnxon axe uame, uem
na Kopan n xanct. Bnnmo, nx nnx oa +rn uenonexa xnnxmrcx
xnntmn onoamn Annaxa. Hrax, mt nepexonm x nonecrnona-
nnm o xnsnn Bamcynna.
Ero nonnoe nmx Myxamma nn Ay Faxp as-3aprn, no
onee nsnecren xax Hn an-Kanm an-xansn nnn Hn 3a]nn,
xax coomaer o +rom Hn Paxa. On ponncx n 691r. (1292r.),
a ymep n 751r. (1351r.). 3ror uenonex ncm xnsnt conponoxan
cnoero yunrenx, n axe cnen c nnm nmecre n rmptme, nnnort o
ero cmeprn, no nocne cmeprn xauecrno nx pyxt nsmennnoct.
Hpnnonrcx pnnaxr o rom, xax Hn Temnx nepe cmeprtm ynn-
en con o cee n cnoem yuennxe. Hn an-Kanm cnpocnn y nero:
Kaxoe mecro x samy, Hn Temnx ornernn: Ouent ntcoxoe,
axe ntme nexoroptx nsnecrntx yuentx, rt nourn cpannxncx c
namn, no noxa sannmaemt crenent, pannym crenenn Hn Xyse-
mt
148
.
Mt ne conpaemcx xommenrnponart +ror pnnaxr, a nnmt
npncrynaem x paccxasy o uenonexe, xoropt rax xe xax n ero na-
crannnx tn nocaxen n rmptmy no pemennm mycyntmancxnx
yuentx, no cana]nrt necmorpx na +ro ne crecnxxct cctnamrcx
na nero.
B ono ns cnonx xnnr, a nmenno Ac-Canarnx an-
mypcana ranx an-xaxmnx na an-myrarrtnx Hn an-Kanm nn-
mer o rom, uro A ne xnnxercx neuntm, nocxontxy +ro npornno-
peunr npnnnnny oxecrnenno mnnocrn. On cunraer, uro n xo-
neunom nrore nce onrarenn Aa noxnnyr cnoe onrannme n on
ncuesner. Ecnn cneonart ero nornxe, ro n Hnnc, n Ay xaxn,
n Va nn Xana], n unprayn, n Xaman, n Kapyn noxnnyr A n

148
Myxamma an-Myctnn. Myxracap ac-canarnx an-mypacna nn Hn an-
Kanm an-xansn. C. 6.
58
oxaxyrcx n Pam nmecre c npopoxamn, npanennxamn n myuenn-
xamn. B xauecrne ncrynnennx x +romy ]parmenry on nnmer: B
xnsnn uenonexa nponcxonr mnoxecrno ncntrann, onaxo onn
xora-nno sanepmamrcx, sauacrym uenonex tnaer ynnxen, no
n xoneunom nrore ynnxenne cmenxercx npnsnannem. 3ayma-
rect, nanontmne nara n nacnaxennx nocrnramrcx rontxo no-
cne rxruamnx ncntrann n myuenn. Ho+romy nanontmemy
nacnaxennm onxno npemecrnonart nanontmee ncntra-
nne
149
. Mt npnnxnn t ero cnona, ecnn t peut mna o xnxae
n +rom mnpe, no, x coxanennm, on nnmer o myxax Aa. Ero norn-
xa raxona: ecnn npomemn nanontmee ncntranne nonyuaer
nanontmym narpay, ro Hnnc, nonyunnmn cnntnemee ns
naxasann Aa, onxen nonyunrt n ntcouamee ns nacnaxe-
nn Pax. Hocne +roro on naunnaer ncxart npnunny, xoropax mo-
xer ntnecrn ns Aa xstunnxon, n naxonr. B uacrnocrn on yxa-
stnaer, uro n nx cepnax ecrt neontmax uacrnuxa nept, net
Annax n Kopane cxasan: ?keb lu kijhkbrv m gbo. Dlh kha^Ze
g_[_kZ b a_fex, hgb hl\_lyl. :eeZo, a n onom ns xancon
Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) cxasano: Btnenre ns Aa xaxoro, n utem
cepne ecrt xorx t neontmax uacrnuxa nept
150
. Cornacno ero
nornxe, n nrore nce onxnt noxnnyrt A n nonacrt n Pa. anee
on nnmer: A tn pasoxxen xstuecrnom n necnpanennnoc-
rtm, no+romy nnuro ne memaer npnnnnny mnnocrn n cnpanenn-
nocrn ntnecrn uenonexa ns Aa, nocne roro xax on nonyunn o-
cronoe naxasanne
151
. Honyuaercx cnpanennnocrt Annaxa mo-
xer noccoennnrt n Pam Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) n Vax nn Xana]a.
anee on nnmer: A tn pasoxxen oxecrnenntm rnenom,
rouno rax xe on moxer trt n norymen rora, xora Ero rnen
npoer
152
. anee on npoonxaer n rom xe yxe n npnnonr
axrt Kopana, xoropte na camom ene onponepramr ero nen. Ta-
xoe omymenne, xax yro on couyncrnyer carane n ero nocneo-
narenxm, n xenaer ntnecrn nx ns Aa n nono oxecrnenno mn-

149
Myxracap ac-canarnx. C. 220.
150
Tam xe. C. 221.
151
Tam xe.
152
Tam xe. C. 223.
59
nocrn. Ero onot onontno cnat n rnynt, nocxontxy ner nn
ennoro cnxmennoro rexcra, xoropt mor t nanpxmym nx no-
rnepnrt. nx roro urot oxasart ero nen npnneenntmn ax-
ramn, cneyer ouent cnntno norpynrtcx n narn xorx t ora-
nennym rpaxronxy, no npn +rom cneyer yunrtnart, uro on cam
sanpeman rpaxronart axrt n xanct n npnstnan nonnmart nx n
yxnantnom cmtcne. Ha camom ene axrt Kopana onponepramr
ero reopnm o pennocrn Aa, nanpnmep Annax cxasan: L_f `_,
dlh hkemrZ_lky :eeZoZ b ?]h IhkeZggbdZ, m]hlh\Zg Z^kdbc
h]hgv, ]^_ hgb ij_[m^ml \_qgh (72:23), a antme eme onee
crporo: <hbklbgm, :eeZo g_ gZf_j_g ijhsZlv beb \_klb ijy-
fuf iml_f l_o, dhlhju_ g_ m\_jh\Zeb b ]j_rbeb, jZa\_ qlh
\\_^_l Hg bo \ Z^, \ dhlhjhf hgb ij_[m^ml \_qgh. B wlh ^ey
:eeZoZ kh\k_f e_]dh (4:168169), n anee: M]hlh\Zgh bf \_q-
gh_ gZdZaZgb_ (5:37), G_ gZclb bf ba g_]h bkoh^Z (4:121),
Bf g_ hl\jZlblv _]h (gZdZaZgb_. i.i.) (11:8), B g_ [m^_l
hg lZf gb `blv, gb mfbjZlv (87:13), Gh g_ kiZkmlky hgb hl
Z^kdh]h ieZf_gb (2:167), n mnoxecrno pyrnx xaron, cnne-
rentcrnymmnx n nontsy neunoro npetnannx nenepntx n Ay.
Kax eme moxno nonxrt +rn axrt? Kpome Kopana, n nontsy neu-
nocrn Aa cnnerentcrnymr n xanct Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), n uacr-
nocrn n onom ns nnx cxasano: B Cynt ent npnneyr
cmeprt x ctpary n cxaxyr: O, onrarenn Pax n onrarenn Pax
ncnyramrcx roro, uro nx xorxr pasnyunrt c nx onrentm. 3arem
cxaxyr: O, onrarenn Aa, n onrarenn Aa opaymrcx ro-
my, uro nx xorxr pasnyunrt c nx onrentm. 3arem cxaxyr: 3na-
ere nn nt, xro +ro?, n re n pyrne ornerxr: a, +ro cmeprt;
sarem ee (cmeprt. n.n.) sapexyr n cxaxyr: 'O onrarenn oenx
onrene, nt neuno npeyere ram, re naxonrect n nnxora ne
ympere
153
. Ha +ro xe yxastnamr cnona Hpopoxa (c.r.c.): Onn
neuno npeyyr ram, re naxoxrcx, n nnxora ne ympyr nnn
Onn neuno npeyyr n acxom orne. Kax nnnre, +rn xanct
ne nyxamrcx nn n xaxo rpaxronxe, xaxt pasymnt my-

153
Hepean Hn Maxa, c noxoxnm cmtcnom on npncyrcrnyer y an-Fyxapn,
ar-Tnpmnsn, Axmaa n a-apnmn.
60
cyntmannn, nsyuammn axrt n xanct nenpensxro, cnocoen
nosnart +ry ncrnny. H ynnnxer ro, uro o cnx nop naxoxrcx
nmn, noonte naxxanram, nsnpammne nsrnxt Hn Temnn
n ero yuennxa Hn an-Kanma.
Ihq_fm `_ fgh]b_ h[fZgmebkv keh\Zfb B[g Ze-DZcbfZ?
Hmn omanynnct cnonamn Hn an-Kanma no nym npn-
unnam.
Hpnunna nepnax axrnnnax nponaranncrcxax exrent-
nocrt co cropont nocneonarene xamannsma. Onn enno n
nomno nxnatnamr cnon cpecrna n +ry nponarany, nsamr
xnnrn, neuaramr crartn, nocroxnno ynomnnamr ero nmx n cnonx
npononexx. Baxxanrt nacrontxo cnntno paoramr n +ro o-
nacrn, uro monote nmn, nonanmne no nx nnnxnne, uame
ncnomnnamr Hn Temnm n Hn an-Kanma, uem Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.) Ha annt momenr cnona naxxanron nocnpnnnmamrcx
xax onxnoe, no ecnn t nmn snann cyrt nx yexenn, ro e-
xann t or nnx xax or npoxaxenntx.
Hpnunna nropax Hn an-Kanm tn ouent xnrptm ue-
nonexom, nnaen npnemamn nornxn n ]nnoco]nn, ymen non-
part neoxonmte cnona. Hpexe uem npenoxnrt nonym nem,
on enan ocnonarentnoe nneenne, ouent ncxycno ncnontsonan
axrt n xanct, sauacrym, urot oxasart cnom npanory, npnno-
nn ntymannte xanct. Fonee roro, on npnnonn axrt, nporn-
nopeuamne ero yuennm, no ntanan nx sa onot n nontsy cnonx
ne, no+romy nerpamornt n nennnmarentnt moxer noy-
mart, uro ero mtcnn crpont, a onot nepnt. Koneuno xe,
npnmepom xnrpocrn nx Hn an-Kanma cnyxnn cam carana. B
onom ns crnxornopenn cxasano: He nmeer snauennx, xaxnm
tn yuent. Ecnn on sanynncx, ro nmecre c nnm sanynnnct
n ero nocneonarenn.
Pan cnpanennnocrn cronr ormernrt, uro ne nce conpe-
mennte naxxanrt npnsnamr nem o rnennocrn Aa, n onpana-
nne cnoero mexa onn yrnepxamr, uro on conepmnn nxrnxa
n omncx, onaxo necmorpx na +ro sacnyxnnaer narpat sa cno
nxrnxa. Ho nosnnxaer nonpoc: a xaxoe on nmen npano enart
61
nxrnxa n ro npemx, xora ecrt xcnte cnxmennte rexcrt? H
nouemy naxxanrt onycxamr noont nxrnxa, no ocyxa-
mr nxrnxa n rex cnyuaxx, xora ner cnxmennoro rexcra, oco-
enno ecnn +ror nxrnxa npornnopeunr nx nexm?
B xonne mt xornm nnont ormernrt, uro mnorne yuente, n
n uacrnocrn xanannrt (nocxontxy +rn noe otuno npnuncnx-
mrcx x nnm), ntcrynnnn c onponepxennem ne Hn Temnn n
Hn an-Kanma n oxnnnn nx epernxamn.
:e-:e[Zgb oZrZ\blkdbc oZ^bkh\_^
Baxxanrt cunramr, uro na semne ne tno ocrontx
xanconeon o roro, xax noxnnncx mex Hactp an-Anann. B
uacrnocrn Hn Fas nastnaer ero camtm opasonanntm xanco-
neom na semne, n n nenom onn nce nastnamr ero myxanc an-
racp (xanconeom nexa). uro xe xacaercx nacroxmnx xan-
coneon, ro onn nastnamr nx am-mex an-myranaxn (npo-
rnnopeunnt mex). Mt xe npenaraem ntxcnnrt, xaxoe ns
+rnx nposnnm ecrnnrentno xnnxercx nepntm? anee mt con-
paemcx npeocrannrt nnnmannm opororo unrarenx ocronepnte
onot n yxasart na omnxn an-Anann, ynomxnyrte n xnnre
Tanaxyar an-Anann an-yatxar ]nma yxara nxxy ]n racxnx
an-axanc ya rarn]nxa mnn axra ya an-ranarar
154
, npnnane-
xame nepy mex Xacana nn Iann ac-Caxxa]a am-Ba]nrn,
npnuem mt conpaemcx npnnecrn nnmt neontmym uacrt ono-
on ns nepno uacrn ynomxnyro xnnrn.
1. An-Anann onnnxer nmamon xanconeon n nenexe-
crne, no npn +rom cam onycxaer omnxn.
An-Anann ne ornnuaercx opnrnnantnocrtm n rax xe xax
ocrantnte xamannrt ne rnymaercx uecrtm mycyntmancxnx yue-
ntx, nmamon-xanconeon, axe ecnn rex yxe ner n xnntx. B
cnoe xnnre Ac-Cnncnna a-arn]a (4/198) on ostnaer ac-
Cymrt xpnxynom n nnmer: Vnnnrentno, xax ac-Cymrt noo-

154
Hsana n nsarentcrne ap an-nmam an-nanann n Ammane, Hopannx. B
nepno uacrn mex ac-Caxa] ynomnnaer rpncra npornnopeunntx momenron n
omnox an-Anann, no nropo uacrn on npnnonr 652 omnxn, c rperte uac-
rtm xnnrn x eme ne ycnen osnaxomnrtcx.
62
me ne nocrecnxncx nanncart +ry xnnry. (3/479). Touno rax xe
on ostnaer nmama as-3axan (4/442), an-xa]nsa Hn an-xansn
(Ac-Cnncnna ac-caxnxa, 1/193), Hn Xnana (Ac-Cnncnna
a-arn]a, 3/267), an-xa]nsa Hn Xaxapa (Ac-Cnncnna a-
arn]a, 3/266), no npn +rom on cam onycxaer omnxn n npo-
rnnopeunx. Hanpnmep:
an-Anann xpnrnxyer ac-Cymrt, an-Manann, nmama Ia-
ynny nn ac-Cttxa an-Iamapn sa ro, uro onn npnnenn xanc:
Pacnpocrpanx npnnercrnne, xopmn nyxammnxcx, noepxn-
na pocrnennte cnxsn, ntcranna nout, xora nmn cnxr
noemt n Pa c mnpom. Ho +romy nonoy n Ac-Cnncnna a-
arn]a (3/492) on ormeuaer: 3ror xanc nmeer cnaym nenou-
xy. A-apxyrnn npnnonr ero or Ay Mamynt, or Ay Xy-
papt, or nero xe +ror xanc nepean n Karaa, onaxo on nens-
necrnt n orneprnyrt; na +ro xe crpannne on nnmer: Bnn-
manne: ac-Cymrt n an-Manann sanyrannct n cnonax +roro xan-
ca, o +rom x yxe ronopnn, xommenrnpyx xanc nomep 517, n
rouno raxym xe omnxy conepmnn an-Iamapn.
Ho +romy nonoy mex ac-Caxxa] nnmer: Haoopor, +ro
rt sanyrancx, rt onycrnn eme ontmym omnxy n npornnope-
une, nocxontxy n pyro cnoe xnnre, Hpna an-rannn, 3/238 rt
nasnan ocronepntm +ror xe xanc, c +ro xe nenouxo nepe-
arunxon, n uacrnocrn rt nnmemt: 3ror xanc npnnen Axma
(2/259), an-Xaxnm. or Karat or Ay Mamynt. Henouxa +ro-
ro xanca ocronepna, a nce nepearunxn, xpome Ay Mamynt
coornercrnymr ycnonnxm oonx mexon. uro xe xacaercx Ay
Mamynt ro on naexnt uenonex. Xaxnm cxasan, uro +ror xa-
nc ocronepen n rouno raxoro xe mnennx npnepxnnancx as-
3axan
155
.
2. An-Anann onnnxer yuentx-xanconeon n rom, uro
onn sannmamrcx npnnncxamn xancon n pasnnunte copnnxn, no
na camom ene +rn xanct ram npncyrcrnymr, nanpnmep: n Ac-

155
urot ysnart, xaxnmn cnonamn an-Anaann nonocnr nennxnx yuentx, o-
parnrect x xnnre Kamyc maranm an-Anann, npnnanexame nepy ac-
Caxxa]a.
63
Caxnxa, 1/760, xanc nomep 468, ns. 4-e, no nonoy xanca :
Ecnn xro-nno ns nac n nxrnnny sapeman n meuern, ro nycrt
nepecxer na pyroe mecro, - on nnmer: Ar-Tnpmnsn yxasan,
uro +ror xanc xacan caxnx, an-Xaxnm ormernn, uro on caxnx na
ycnonnxx Mycnnma, n c nnm cornacnncx as-3axan. a, onn rax
cxasann, no Hn Hcxax, npncyrcrnymmn n +ro nenouxe, tn
ntymmnxom, a onn ynomnnamr ero no ncex napnanrax xan-
ca. Ac-Caxxa] no +romy nonoy orneuaer: Bsrnxnnre, on xo-
uer cxasart, uro ar-Tnpmnsn n as-3axan sanyrannct, na camom
xe ene +ro on sanyrancx. Hn Hcxax ne ynomnnaercx no ncex
napnanrax xanca, ero nmx npnnonrcx nnmt n copnnxe nmama
Axmaa, 2/135
156
. 3aymarect na +rnm.
3. An-Anann npnnnctnaer nexoropte xanct n nexoro-
pte copnnxn, no na camom ene oxastnaercx, uro nx ram ner.
3ror npnem on npnmenxer ouent uacro, ocoenno n cnonx
xnnrax Caxnx an-xamnr ya snxaryxy n arn] an-xamnr
na snxaryxy, n nce, xro cctnaercx na +rn xnnrn, raxxe onyc-
xamr omnxn. Kpome roro, n xnnre Ct]ar ac-cana, nsanne 6,
c. 170, o xance Bannx nn Xyxpa pacnonoxenne pyx no npemx
ramaxxya on nnmer: 3arem on nonxn nanen, n x ynnen, xax
on menennr nm n opamaercx c montamn x Annaxy
157
(npnno-
nrcx y Ay aya). Bex ac-Caxxa] no +romy nonoy nnmer:
3ro nenepno, n +ror xanc npnnonrcx ne y Ay aya, a y py-
rnx.
4. Cnaax ocneomnennocrt an-Anann o copnnxax xa-
ncon.
An-Anann onnnxer mycyntmancxnx yuentx n nenexe-
crne n ntcmennaer nx sa +ro, cex xe on ornocnr x snamennre-
mnm xanconeam, xpome roro, on onnnxer yuentx n nennnma-

156
Bor, uro ram cxasano: Ham paccxasan rxy, nam paccxasan mo oren or
Myxammaa nn Hcxaxa, fg_ jZkkdZaZe Ha]nr, cnyra Iaynnt nn Iymapa
or Iaynnt nn Iymapa, xoropt cntman, xax Hocnannnx Annaxa cxasan:
'Ecnn xro-nno ns nac sacnyn n meuern n nxrnnny, ro nycrt nepecxer na py-
roe mecro.
157
Bex ac-Caxxa] ynomnnaer nce omnxn, cnxsannte c +rnm xancom, n
cnoe xnnre Taxsnp an-ra an-ayyax mnn raxpnx an-ncar ]n ac-cana.
64
rentnocrn, xorx +ra xapaxrepncrnxa ontme noxonr emy ca-
momy, npnneem npnmept: n xance or Hn Macrya cxasano:
Kopan tn nncnocnan na cemn napeunxx, xaxt ns ero axron
nmeer xnnoe n cxptroe snauenne, n y xaxoro ns nnx ecrt cno
unrarent. An-Anann no nonoy +roro xanca n xnnre Mnm-
xar an-macanx cxasan: Hmnre +ror xanc n Bapx ac-cynna,
uro xe xacaercx An-Innm n uaann an-Kypan, ro ram x ero
ne namen. Bex ac-Caxxa] emy orneuaer: Ecnn t rt nnnma-
rentno nsyuan xnnrn, ro onapyxnn t +ror xanc n xnnre An-
Innm, n rnane An-Xycyma ]n an-Kypan, n Bapx ac-cynna,
1/262. 3ror xanc npnnonrcx Hn Xnanom, Ay rne, ar-
Taxann, an-Fassapom, an-Xacamn, xoropt ornocnr ero x an-
Fassapy, Ay rne n ar-Taapann n An-Ancar. Onn ns napn-
anron +roro xanca nmeer ocronepntx nepearunxon.
5. An-Anann ncxaxaer cnona yuentx n ncnontsyer nx n
cnonx nenxx
158
.
Hocxontxy +ro onnnenne xnnxercx ouent ceptesntm, mt
xornm npnnecrn necxontxo npnmepon. Bex ac-Caxxa] n cnoe
xnnre anannsnpyer mnorne nnrart an-Anann, na ananns xaxo
nnrart on sarpaunnaer nenym crpannny. Hrax, npnmept.
An-Anann saxoren oxnnrt neocronepntm onn ns
xancon, npornnopeuamnx ero yexennxm, n c +ro nentm uac-
rnuno npnnen norpa]nm onoro ns nepearunxon, onaxo npn-
nen on ee n ncxaxennom nne. Peut ner o Ianse nn Xane. B
cnoe xnnre Hpna an-rannn (2/243) on nnmer: 3ror xanc or-
necen x Hpopoxy (c.r.c.), onaxo cunraercx pexnm nnn axe or-
neprnyrtm. Hecmorpx na ro uro nepearunx +roro xanca Ians
nn Xan n cunraercx naexntm uenonexom, Hn Ian cxasan
o nem: On nepean xanct, xoropte nosnee tnn orneprny-
rt. ymam, uro +ror xanc raxxe ornocnrcx x nx uncny.

158
Bex ac-Caxxa] yxastnaer: Hoonoe ornomenne an-Anann x nayuntm
npnemam nonnocrtm nnmaer ero anropnrera n xpyrax yuentx-xanconeon.
Taxne nocrynxn ne onycxamrcx axe n sanano, cnercxo nayxe n y nocro-
xoneon. Ho+romy mt saxnnxem, uro cnona an-Anann noome ne nmemr nn-
xaxo nennocrn.
65
Bex ac-Caxxa] orneuaer: Her, +ror xanc x raxontm
ne ornocnrcx, n Hn Ian ne ronopnn +rnx cnon, rt omncx npn
nnrnponannn, na camom ene Hn Ian n An-Kamnn (5/1993)
cxasan: Or Xnmama nn Iypnt nepeamr nexoropte orneprny-
rte xanct, no nce ocrantnte xanct, nepeannte nm, cunra-
mrcx npannntmn. Orxya rt nsxn cnom nnrary? Tem onee
uro +ror xanc Xan or Xnmama nn Iypnt ne nepeanan.
npenaram cnoemy uecrnomy unrarenm camomy nnuno art onen-
xy +romy uenonexy.
B cnoe xnnre Taxsnp ac-caxn mnn nrrnxas an-xyyp
macaxn, c. 34
159
, an-Anann cctnaercx na Hn Xaxapa an-
Xacamn, no yanxer cpenmm uacrt nnrart, nocxontxy ona ne
orneuaer ero nnrepecam. On orxptnaer ne cxoxn n naunnaer
npnnonrt cnona Hn Xaxapa, sarem, nocne nnrart nnont cra-
nnr ne cxoxn n nnmer xonen, uem nnonr unrarenx n sa-
nyxenne. Hrax, nor ero cnona na crp. 34: B ma]nrnrcxom
masxae +ro cunraercx ontmnm rpexom. uaxnx Hn Xaxap an-
Xacamn n As-3anaxnp ran nxrnpa] an-xaanp (1/120) yxa-
stnaer: Tpertnm, uerneprtm, nxrtm, mecrtm, cetmtm, noct-
mtm n enxnocrtm ns ontmnx rpexon cunraercx npenpamenne
mornn n meuern n pasxnranne na nnmn orne, raxxe cunraercx
ontmnm rpexom npenpamenne mornn n nonon, conepmenne no-
xpyr nnx rana]a n monnrna n nx cropony. anee Hn Xaxap
npnnonr necxontxo xancon n npoonxaer: ((Bnnmanne: nexo-
ropte ns ma]nrnron nocunrann mecrt ntmenepeuncnenntx no-
crynxon ontmnmn rpexamn, mne xaxercx, onn ncxonnn ns xa-
ncon, nepeuncnenntx mno ntme (ykgh, qlh wlb oZ^bku ^_c-
kl\bl_evgh aZij_sZxl bkihevah\Zgb_ fh]be \ dZq_kl\_
f_q_l_c)
160
, nocxontxy n xance npoxnxrt nmn, conepmnnmne
+ro c mornnamn npopoxon. uro xe xacaercx rex, xro conepmaer
+ro c mornnamn npanennxon, ro onn nasnant xymnmn ns co-
sann nnnort o Cynoro nx. 3rn cnona cnyxar nx nac npe-

159
Hsanne uerneproe.
160
An-Anann ntennn +ry uacrt ]past xnpntm mpn]rom, nnnmo on, xe-
nan noxasart npocrtm n nenexecrnenntm nmxm, uro xxot Hn Xaxap
ncnontsonan cnono xcno.
66
ynpexennem, xax cxasano n onom ns pnnaxron: Ocrepera-
rect exnn, conepmenntx nmn. To ecrt mycyntmancxo ymme
cneyer ocreperartcx +rnx nocrynxon, n npornnnom cnyuae ona
yer npoxnxra rax xe, xax tnn npoxnxrt re, o xom ner peut n
xance. (Hcnontsonanne mornn n xauecrne meuere nopasyme-
naer no coo conepmenne monnrn n nx cropony n pxom c nn-
mn, na +ro yxastnamr cnona n monnrna n nx cropony. 3ror xa-
nc ornocnrcx x mornnam npopoxon n npanennxon, xax cxasano
o +rom n pnnaxre: ((Ecnn ram noxonrcx npanennx))
161
). Hamn
yuente cxasann, uro sanpemaercx conepmart monnrnt y mornn
npopoxon n npanennxon, _keb hgb kh\_jrZxlky \ gZ^_`^_ gZ
[eZ]hkeh\_gb_ beb ij_ke_^mxl k\h_c p_evx ihqblZgb_,
mq_gu_ ihklZ\beb ^\Z mkeh\by.) n rax anee, na +rom sa-
nepmamrcx cnona Hn Xaxapa
162
.
B pyro xnnre, an-Anann ntraercx oxnnrt cnatm
xanc, cornacno xoropomy, Hpopox (c.r.c.) paspemnn xenmnnam
yxpamart cex sonortmn nenouxamn. B nenouxe nepearunxon
+roro xanca an-Anann onapyxnn Myxammaa nn Inmapara,
n saxnnn, uro xxot Ay Xarnm cxasan o +rom uenonexe: On
ne cnnen n +rom, cm. xnnry Xnsnt an-Anann n ero nacne-
ne., u. 1, c. 207. Ha camom xe ene Ay Xarnm ap-Pasn n
An-xapx na ar-rarnn, 8/45, cxasan: ?]h oZ^bku ohjhrb_,
no on ne cnnen n +rom, xax nnnre, on onycrnn ]pasy Ero xa-
nct xopomne.
6. B ono xnnre an-Anann moxer oxnnrt xanc o-
cronepntm, a n pyro ror xe camt xanc orneprnyrtm n
ouent crpanntm.
An-Anann n xnnre Myxracan an-rynm
163
(c. 98) no 38
nomepom npnnonr xanc or Karat nn an-Hyrmana, xoropt
cntman, xax Hpopox (c.r.c.) cxasan: Kora Annax ocnoonncx
or cosannx, ro nosneccx (ncraya) na Tpon. anee, xapaxrepnsyx
nepearunxon xanca, on nnmer: Ero npnnoxr naexnte nepe-

161
3rn cnona on ncxnmunn ns nnrart Hn Xaxapa.
162
As-3anaxnp. Hn Xaxap an-Xacamn. 1/148.
163
Hsanne nepnoe.
67
arunxn, n n uacrnocrn Ay Faxp an-Xnnan n cnoe xnnre 'Ac-
Cynna
164
. Bex ac-Caxxa] no +romy nonoy nnmer: ne
snam, nouemy rex nasnann Xanconeom Bama, Xa]nsom
nexa n npemen, ne snam, nouemy rnon nocneonarenn ronopxr,
uro ree ner noontx n uro oo ncem +rom moxno axe
xnxcrtcx, crox mexy maxamom n yrnom Kaat
165
. Ecnn t an-
Anann npnnen ncm nenouxy +roro xanca ns xnnrn an-Xnnana,
ro cpasy xe crano t xcno, uro +ror xanc ntymannt n or-
neprnyrt n nn n xoem cnyuae ne ocronepnt, urot yenrt n
+rom namero unrarenx, mt npnnonm nenouxy nepearunxon.
Hrax, an-Xnnan cxasan: Ham paccxasan Axma nn an-Xycen
ap-Pnxxn, paccxasan Hpaxnm nn an-Mynsnp an-Xnsamn, pac-
cxasan Myxamma nn uannx, mne paccxasan oren, or Carna
nn an-Xapnca, or Iana nn Xannna, xoropt cxasan: O-
naxt, xora x cnen n meuern, xo mne noomen Karaa nn an-
Hyrman n nauan paccxastnart: cntman, xax Hpopox (c.r.c.)
cxasan: 'Kora Annax ocnoonncx or cosannx, ro nosneccx na
Tpon nonynexa, sanoxnn ony nory na pyrym, no cxasan, uro
+ro ne nx uenonexa. Bex ac-Caxxa] orneuaer: Hmo pa-
symnt uenonex nonnmaer, uro +ro xnenera n apec Annaxa n
Ero Hpopoxa (c.r.c.). Oparnrect x An-Acma na ac-ct]ar c.
355 356 nmama an-Faxaxn, xommenrnpyx +ror xanc, on rono-
pnr, uro on ouent crpannt n orneprnyrt. Hmam as-3axan n
cnoe xnnre Mnsan an-nrrnan (3/365) ormeuaer, uro +ror xa-
nc ornocnrcx x uncny orneprnyrtx xancon uannxa. H xouercx
ormernrt, uro cam an-Anann n cnonx xnnrax nastnaer xanct
uannxa neocronepntmn n cnatmn
166
. Kax nocne +roro moxno
yrnepxart, uro annt xanc xnnxercx ocronepntm n coor-
nercrnyer ncem ycnonnxm an-Fyxapn? Fonee roro, +ro saxnnenne
cnnerentcrnyer n nontsy roro, uro ero anrop nectma nennnma-

164
B cyxommenrapnxx on raxxe yxastnaer: 3ror xanc ynomnnaer Hn an-
Kanm n cnoe xnnre An-xymm an-ncnamnx (c. 34) n yrnepxaer, uro ne-
nouxa xanca xopomax n coornercrnyer ycnonnxm an-Fyxapn.
165
3rn ]past n noonte nm nt moxere npouecrt n xnnre Xaxr an-
anann.
166
Cm. Ac-Caxnxa, 4/509, 4/627, 4/656 n p.
68
renen n npornnopeunr camomy cee, nocxontxy n cnoe xe xnnre
Cnncnna a-arn]a, 2/177, xanc 775, on nastnaer ero ornepr-
nyrtm n ouent crpanntm. Mt ne comnenaemcx, uro +ror xanc
nmeer nyecxym xstuecxym ocnony, xoropym Annax onponep-
raer n Cnoe Cnxmenno xnnre: <hbklbgm, Fu khl\hjbeb g_-
[_kZ b a_fex b \k_, qlh f_`^m gbfb, aZ r_klv ^g_c, b Fu gb-
qmlv g_ mklZeb (50:38), +ror axr oxastnaer, uro an-Anann
cnnmxom nerxomtcnenno ornocnrcx x anannsy xancon, ocoen-
no +ro xacaercx xnnr no axte. Ha camom xe ene n xnnrax no
axte ocronepnocrn xancon cneyer yenxrt ocooe nnnma-
nne, raxxe neoxonmo cnenrt, urot onn ne npornnopeunnn
onee naexntm xopannuecxnm rexcram.
7. An-Anann npornnopeunr cee, nocxnanxx onpeenen-
ntx nnunocre n ono xnnre n xpnrnxyx nx xe n pyro.
B Caxnx ar-raprn na ar-rapxn, c. 36, on, nocxnanxx
mexa Xanpaxmana an-Arsamn, nnmer: K nsannm +ro xnn-
rn menx noronxnyn ror ]axr, uro ona conponoxanact xommen-
rapnem nsnecrnoro mexa Xanpaxmana an-Arsamn, na +ro
xe crpannne on npoonxaer: Eme onee noopnno menx, uro
mex Xanpaxman an-Arsamn, nponepnnmn +ry xnnry, cxa-
san. 3rn cnona, cxasannte n apec xanconea mexa Xan-
paxmana an-Arsamn, an-Anann onponepraer n xnnre Aa sn-
]a], c. 8: B cnoe xnnre an-Ancapn ncnontsyer annte ns
xnnr Xanpaxmana an-Arsamn, onoro ns nennuamnx nparon
cynnt, xanconeon n nocneonarene ranxna. +ro yxastnaer
na ro, uro on rpyc n nayunom n nnreparypnom nnane.. 3ay-
marect na +rnmn cnonamn.
8. An-Anann, rax xe xax n ocrantnte xamannrt-
ncenocana]nrt, cna n apacxom xstxe.
Hpnneem npnmept.
B ac-Caxnxa (4/88) on nnmer: Byxyy an-axs nx
as-sannm (Heoxonmo nsxrtcx sa pyxn c rnpanom). 3ro
ontmax omnxa, cneyer nncart Byxyy an-axs ranx x as-
sannm (Heoxonmo yepxart pyxy rnpana), net nepnt
napnanr nopasymenaer no coo nomomt rnpany. Bnnmo, an-
69
Anann sanyrancx, unrax nexoropte xanct, re nepearunxn
ynorpennn +ro ntpaxenne omnouno.
B cnoem Ac-Caxnx 2/254 o onom ns xancon on nn-
mer: Monnrna rponx ne npnmercx: myxunnt conepmnnmero
norpeantnym monnrny (xanasa) n ne ranns. Kommenrnpyx
nocnenee cnono n xance, on nnmer: Tax nanncano, no x ne
namen n apacxom xstxe raxoro cnona. Bex ac-Caxxa] orne-
uaer: ecrnnrentno, n apacxom xstxe ner raxoro cnona, na
camom ene n +rom xance ynorpenxercx rnaron mmap (nene-
no), n nrore xanc npnoperaer cmtcn: myxunna, conepmnn-
mn norpeantnym monnrny (xanasa), emy ne tno neneno ee
conepmart. Fenxra ne cmor npouecrt +roro cnona, necmorpx na
ro, uro ono ncrpernnoct emy n Ar-Taprn na ar-rapxn, c. 195,
nomep 484, no, x coxanennm, nam onnonenr nennnmarenen.
9. Hexoropte ns omnox an-Anann n xanconeennn
B ac-Caxnxa (1/812) n nocnene crpouxe, xapaxrepn-
syx xanc, on nnmer: 3ro ocronepnax nenouxa, nce nepearun-
xn +roro xanca naexnte nmn, ncrpeuammnecx n nenouxax
nepearunxon Mycnnma. Bex ac-Caxxa] emy orneuaer: B
+ro nenouxe ecrt Caxn nn Iycman an-Faxann, ero ner n ne-
nouxax nepearunxon Mycnnma, mt ero ram ne onapyxnnn. Kax
moxno nastnart raxym nenouxy ocronepno? 3ro eme onn
ono n nontsy roro, uro an-Anann sanyrancx, on ne cmor ornn-
unrt an-Faxann or Caxna nn Iycmana an-Kann, xoropt e-
crnnrentno npncyrcrnyer n nenouxax Mycnnma.
anee, n Ac-Caxnxa (1/175) n nxro crpouxe cnnsy, on
nnmer: Hn 3a +ro Myxamma nn 3a nn Iaynna nn
Iymap nn an-Xarra, xoropt npnsnaercx naexntm nepear-
unxom. Bex ac-Caxxa] orneuaer: 3ro nenepno, Hn 3a
+ro Iapaxman nn 3a, xoropt cunraercx ouent cnatm ne-
pearunxom.
anee n Ac-Caxnxa (3/399) na nepno crpouxe on nn-
mer: Hn Iapsa nensnecrnt uenonex. Bex ac-Caxxa]
orneuaer: Her, naoopor, on naexnt nepearunx, an-Xa]ns n
Ar-Taxpn ynomnnaer ero no nomepom 2917.
70
anee n Ac-Caxnxa (3/191), xapaxrepnsyx xanc, on
nnmer: Bce ero nepearunxn, xpome Iaaa nn Cannma, na-
exnte nmn, onn npncyrcrnymr n mecrn copnnxax, uro xe
xacaercx Iaaa, ro x ne namen ero norpa]nn. Bex ac-
Caxxa] emy orneuaer: Fnorpa]nx Iaaa nsnaraercx n Ta-
pnx an-Fyxapn (6/38), an-xapx na ar-rarnn (6/80), Ac-
Cnxar Hn Xnan (7/159). He nopa nn ree npocnyrtcx?
anee an-Anann n Ac-Caxnxa 2/99 100, o xance
Hyumn sanrpax nepymmero +ro ]nnnxn nnmer: Ero npn-
nenn Hn Xnan n an-Faxaxn.; sarem na c. 100 npoonxaer:
Bnnmanne: an-Mynsnpn n Ar-Taprn (2/94) n an-Xart ar-
Tnpnsn n An-Mnmxar (1998) ornocxr +ror xanc x Ay ay-
y, n x ne snam, orxya onn +ro nsxnn. Bex ac-Caxxa] orneua-
er: ne snam, o uem on ronopnr, no +ror xanc ecrnnrentno
npnnonrcx y Ay aya no nomepom 2345. Iope rem, xro nt-
raercx nosnecrn cex ntme xa]nson.
10. An-Anann nenexecrnenen n ornomennn npannn xa-
paxrepncrnxn nepearunxon xancon - rnnm an-xapx na ar-
rarnn.
Bex Maxmy Carn Mamyx no nneennn x cnoe xnnre
An-Hax ac-caxnx nnma nrrapaa ranxxn mnn xanc an-
macanx nnmer: Iamp nn Ianxama nn Baxxac an-Hxcn: an-
Anann (1/214) nnmer o nem: Hecmorpx na ro uro ar-Tnpmnsn
cunraer Iampa naexntm, ero npnsnamr nensnecrntm nepear-
unxom. Hoonoe nocxrarentcrno na nmamon ne onycrnmo, o
raxnx nmxx an-Fyxapn ronopnn: ' nonyunn or rex ontme
nontst, uem rt or menx. Xanct, nepeannte Iampom, cunra-
nn ocronepntmn n ar-Tnpmnsn, n Hn Xnan, n Hn Xysema,
as-3axan. Bsrnxnnre na +roro an-Anann, xoropt ne snaxom c
rnranramn, a xenaer cex noxasart yuentm.
xypa nn Kynx an-Haxn an-Ky]n:
An-Anann nnmer o nem (1/97): Hnxro, xpome Ay Hc-
xaxa ac-Canrn, ne nepeanan or nero xanct. Bex Maxmy
orneuaer emy: Her, or nero xanct nepeanann n pyrne nmn.
An-Xa]ns n Ar-Taxsn (2/78) nnmer: Or nero nepeanann
Rnyc nn Ay Hcxax, Iactm nn Ay an-Haxy, +rn xanct
71
npnnoxrcx n copnnxe Axmaa. Hpnunno omnox an-Anann
cnyxnr ro, uro on ncera onnpancx nnmt na ony xnnry An-
Mnsan, cm. 1/397.
Bex Carn nn Mapyx an-Kanyn n orner na nponsne-
ennx an-Anann nanncan xnnry An-Hmam ap-Panr maxanary-
xy na mycnayxy, n ne on, ronopx o nenexecrne an-Anann,
ormeuaer, uro on ne snan o nmame ap-Panre, n npnnonr eme
nxrtecxr npnmepon n xauecrne onoa ornocnrentno nenexecr-
na +roro uenonexa, n uacrnocrn on nnmer: .nnora ero nene-
xecrno npoxnnxercx n necxontxnx onacrxx xanconeennx. On
ne snaxom c nepearunxamn, ynomxnyrtmn n copnnxax nyx
nsnecrnemnx nmamon, ne snaer o cymecrnonannn mnornx xan-
con, cpen xoroptx ouent mnoro xancon ns copnnxon an-
Fyxapn n Mycnnma, ns rpyon xoroptx on xxot cocrannn cop-
nnxn nspanntx xancon, ne ronopx yxe o xancax ns menee ns-
necrntx copnnxon. Hnxe mt npnneem nexoropte npnmept.
B cnoe xnnre A-arn]a (4/200) on nnmer: Cyne-
man nn Bapxann. B +rom snene nenn x ne namen nnxoro, xro
nocnn t nmx Cyneman nn Bapxann nnn Bapaxnn. Honnoe
nmx +roro Cynemana Cyneman nn Iapaxman nn Inca
nn Mamyn nn nnr Bapxann, xanconet nnora npnnoxr
ero nmx n ynomxnyrom coxpamennom napnanre. Fnorpa]nx +roro
uenonexa nsnoxena n Pnxan an-Fyxapn y an-Knnxasn, 1/314,
Ar-Tapnx an-xanp, 4/24, An-xapx na ar-rarnn, 4/29, Hn
Ay Xarnma, Innan an-xanc.; xpome nepeuncnenntx, mex
an-Kanyn npnnonr eme nanart ncrounnxon, re ynomnnaer-
cx +ror uenonex. Wlhl i_j_^Zlqbd h^bg ba ba\_klguo i_j_-
^Zlqbdh\ Ze-;moZjb b _s_ q_luj_o bfZfh\.
Iaynarnx nn Iaynna nn Ay uapna:
An-Anann n A-arn]a (1/213) nnmer: On ne nsnec-
ren, ero norpa]nn x ne onapyxnn. Ha camom ene +ro ne rax,
Iaynarnx ynomnnaercx no mnornx nsnecrntx xnnrax, nanpn-
mep: ar-Tapnx an-xanp (6/71) an-Fyxapn, Ar-Tapnx Hn
Myrnn, An-xapx na ra-rarnn (6/27) Hn Ay Xarnm, anee
y mexa an-Kanyn npnnoxrcx eme ecxrt ncrounnxon c no-
rpa]ne +roro uenonexa, an-Xa]ns n Taxpn ar-raxpn (c. 331)
72
nnmer: Haexnt nepearunx, ]axnx, o ero naexnocrn yno-
mnnamr Hn Myrnn, rxy nn Cy]txn n a-apxyrnn.
Carn nn Amnar:
B Hpna an-rannn (3/121) an-Anann nnmer: ne na-
men ero norpa]nn, na camom ene norpa]nx +roro uenonexa
coepxnrcx n raxnx xnnrax, xax Pnxan an-Fyxapn, Pnxan
Mycnnm, Ar-Tapnx an-xanp, Tapnx Hn Myrnn n, xpome
nnx, eme n mecrnanarn ncrounnxax.
Xena Hn Iymapa:
An-Anann n Ac-Caxnx (4/269) yxastnaer: Bce nepe-
arunxn +roro xanca naexnte nmn, xpome xent Hn Iyma-
pa, xoropym x ne snam, na camom ene xena Hn Iymapa xnnx-
ercx ouent nsnecrno xenmnno, ee nmx Ca]nx nnr Ay Iy-
a ac-Caxa]nx. Xanct or nee npnnoxr nmamt Mycnnm n an-
Fyxapn
167
, a ee norpa]nx ynomnnaercx n rpnnanarn ncrounn-
xax.
Taxon an-Anann, onn ns xpynnemnx ncenocana]nr-
cxnx myxancon. 3ect mt npnnenn nnmt neontmym ronnxy
ns orneron n xpnrnxn yuentx n apec an-Anann, ecnn mecro n
remarnxa xnnrn nosnonxnn t nam nxnmunrt ontmee, ro mt
raxxe npnnenn t nnrart ns xnnr mexa Iaynnt an-Xapnpn,
a raxxe pyrnx yuentx, cenanmnx ananns rpyon an-Anann.
<hckdh [jZlv_\ (>`Zcr Ze-bo\Zg)
<hagbdgh\_gb_
Hocne roro xax mex Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa sa-
xnmunn oronop c Hn Caryom, nm tnn cosant nocenennx
nx myxaxnpon, xoropte on nasnan an-xnxap, camtm nsne-

167
3ra xenmnna cunraercx ono ns nsnecrnemnx ranrnnox, xnrentnnn
Mennt. Xanct, nepeannte em, coepxarcx n copnnxax Mycnnma, Mann-
xa, Axmaa, a-apnmn, an-Hacan, Ay aya, Hn Maxn. uncno ee pnnax-
ron panno 32, npnuem onn ouent naxnte n n ocnonnom xacamrcx nonpocon,
cnxsanntx c xenmnnamn. Kax uenonex, cunrammn cex yuentm-
xanconeom, moxer ne snart raxnx rnranron?
73
crntm ns +rnx nocenenn tno Xnxap an-aprannx
168
; +rn ce-
nennx npnnnmann nce nonte n nonte rpynnt nepecenennen.
Hepntm c ocyxennem noonoro nepecenennx ntcrynnn po-
no par Myxammaa, Cyneman nn Iaynnaxxa, nm tna
nanncana xnnra Ac-Canarnx an-nnxxnx ]n ap-pan ranx an-
naxxanx, n ne on xommenrnpyer xanc Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) Her
xnxpt, nocne nsxrnx Mexxn
169
. Cyneman nn Iaynnaxxa
crporo ocynn npnstn x nepecenennm n saxnnn o neoxonmocrn
ocranartcx n Menne
170
.
Ho cyrn ena, ynomxnyrte nocenennx tnn noenntmn
narepxmn, re roronnnact cnntnax perynxpnax apmnx
171
. Hpnstn
x nepecenennm mor npecneonart rontxo raxne nenn, no n re
npemena xnrenn nonyocrpona o +rom axe ne noospenann.
3rn noennte narepx nmenn crporym ncnnnnnny, nce no-
crynammne n oxsarentnom nopxxe onxnt tnn nocrpnutcx
nantco
172
. Feynnam, nocrynnnmnm n narepx, Myxamma nn
Iaynnaxxa unran nexnnn, n xoroptx oyuan romy, xax cney-
er mycyntman oxnnxrt xstunnxamn, net rora ne cocrannr
nnxaxoro rpya nx ynrt. Hn Famap no +romy nonoy nnmer:
Kora myxaxnpt nepecennnnct n a-aprnm, ro xnsnt nx t-
na onontno rpyno, xnnn onn n nyxe, no nouam sannmannct
pemecnom, a nem nocemann nexnnn Myxammaa nn Iaynnax-
xaa
173
. uncnennocrt nocxa mexa pocna n npexe ncero +ro

168
An-Xart. Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa. C. 191 192. anee yer
cxasano, uro nmenno c xnxap nauancx pacxon naxxansma.
169
Ac-Canarnx an-nnxxnx.. C. 123.
170
Ac-Canarnx an-nnxxnx.. C. 124 125.
171
Hnxe mt paccxaxem o ]nnancnponannn n cnaxennn +roro nocxa opy-
xnem, xoropoe ocymecrnnxn unnnnnn onn nx xpncrnancxnx npenonrene
naxxansma.
172
Hn]opmannm o +rom npnnoxr mnorne naexnte anropt, cpen xoroptx
mex axnxn (n unrna an-naxxanx, c. 19), mex an-Manramn, xoropt,
xpnrnxyx yncrno mycyntman, orxasanmnxcx crpnutcx, nanncan crnxorno-
penne, n xoropom opamaercx x Myxammay nn Iaynnaxxay: Pasne cpe-
n xancon moero ea (nmeercx n nny Hpopox Myxamma (c.r.c.). n.n.)
ecrt raxne, xoropte nonenenamr crpnut ronony nantco?
173
Iynnan an-max.. 1/13.
74
nponcxonno ns-sa roro, uro mex mepo nosnarpaxan nonnon,
ntnnaunnan nx onrn. Hn Famap no +romy nonoy nnmer: Ko-
ra myxaxnpt nepecennnnct, mex ntnnaunnan nx onrn n
oecneunnan nx ncem neoxonmtm
174
.
Hpn nsyuennn nepnoa sapoxennx n pasnnrnx naxxanr-
cxoro nnxennx noxnnxmrcx nonpoct:
- Bo-nepntx, nsnecrno, uro mex Myxamma ne tn o-
rar, orxya xe y nero pannct entrn, urot coepxart cnonx
conar?
- Bo-nroptx, npnnynrentnax monnnsannx
175
, noennte
narepx, rpennponxn, crpnxxa nonoc, nce +ro tno nontm nx
apacxoro omecrna rex npemen, pasne Myxamma nn Iayn-
naxxa mor oymartcx o ncero +roro cam? Ecrt nexoropte
]axrt, xoropte yxastnamr na ro, uro ncem +rnm pyxononnn
pnrancxne o]nnept. Hexoropte ns nnx axe tnn ynrt no
npemx oentx ecrnn, xax, nanpnmep, xannran Bexcnnp
176
.
pyrne xe, xax unnnnnn n nxcon, tnn nsnecrnt xax ncxyc-
nte nonxonont.
3ro nocxo yuacrnonano n pasnnuntx onepannxx, ero
uncnennocrt ynennunnanoct, n, naxonen, ono crano nsnecrntm
xax nocxo parten xa an-nxnan. Taxoe nmx emy npnyman
mex Iaynna nn Iaynart] (ym. 1339r. (1920r.)), onn ns
noromxon Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa, on npnxonrcx eom
no marepn xoponm uacany
177
.


174
Iynnan an-max.. 1/15. Vnnnrentno, uro ceronx nexoropte ns nax-
xanron crapamrcx yranrt n axe orpnnamr +rn ]axrt.
175
Btme mt paccxasann o rom, xax +ro nponcxonno, n uacrnocrn Hn Famap
nnmer: Hn Cary ornpannn cnonx neponmnxon, xoropte npnstnann ey-
nnon noenart na ero cropone, (Iynnan an-max., 1/168).
176
On tn ynr no npemx cpaxennx an-xnpa n 1915r.
177
Hpaxnm an-uapnc. Amxapy anmmar a-arna xnnana xapnan. C. 44
45. Cmemntm xnnxercx ror ]axr, uro uncno naxxanrcxnx nmamon panno
onnnanarn, nce onn eynnt ns Hexa, mecrt ns nnx noromxn Myxamma-
a nn Iaynnaxxaa. Hnxro ns yuentx mycyntmancxo ymmt nnxora ne
nosrnannxn +ro nnxenne.
75
I_j\u_ \h_ggu_ hi_jZpbb
Hepnt naer tn conepmen nanonee ontrntmn non-
namn +roro nocxa. Onaxo ynnnxer ror ]axr, uro onn nce no-
naann c nepnmon. Hn Famap no +romy nonoy nnmer: 3a-
rem mex Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa nenen ntcrynnrt na
xnxa, n onn nounnnnnct emy. Hepnoe nocxo cocroxno ncero
ns cemn uenonex, onn cenn na nepnmon, a xora re nomuannct,
ro ncannxn nonaann c nnx, nocxontxy nepnmt ne tnn nx
nnx npnntuntmn xnnorntmn. Hecmorpx na +ro onn nnont oce-
nann nepnmon, conepmnnn noxo na nexoropte ns eynncxnx
nnemen n, saxnarnn rpo]en, nepnynnct xnntmn n sopont-
mn
178
. Bor sect-ro n noxnnxmrcx nonpoct o ncannxax, no-
naIanmnx c nepnmon, nx xoroptx +ror nn rpancnopra tn
nenpnntuntm. Hsnecrno, uro n re npemena n Hexe nmo pe-
enox ymen esnrt na nepnme. Kaxnm opasom nspocnte nmn
mornn c nnx nonaart? Bet +ro ontmo nosop nx myxunnt,
ocoenno ecnn on nonn. Pasne apat-eynnt mornn nosnonnrt
cee ynacrt c nepnma?
Ijh^he`_gb_ aZ\h_\Zgbc
Bo npemx oentx ecrnn nocxo parten nauano nc-
nontsonart nonym crparernm, conart cranonnnnct pxamn n
mnn n araxy, uro xe xacaercx xonnnnt, ro ona ntnonnxna pont
noxpennennx, raxax crparernx tna ouent noxoxa na nocxa
nnsamnn. Onn ncnontsonann +ry crparernm npn nanaennn na
an-xaxpa n 1920r., no npemx nrn c cnnamn Kynera n npn sa-
xnare Xannx
179
.
B pesyntrare naeron n rpaexa naxxanrcxoe nocxo
ncero sa nxrnanart ner cmorno sannaert orpomntmn reppnro-
pnxmn Apanncxoro nonyocrpona. Henexecrnennte eynnt ne
mornn npornnocroxrt raxomy cnntnomy nocxy n tnn ntnyx-
ent ncrynart n ero pxt, nocrenenno uncnennocrt +ro apmnn
ocrnrna cra nanarn rtcxu uenonex. Cnon nont onn nastna-

178
Hn Famap. Iynnan an-max.. T.1. C. 14 15.
179
nxcon. Apat nycrtnn. C. 461.
76
nn xnxaom
180
, naern - rasanaramn, noet ]yryxaramn, no-
rnmnx onononuan maxnamn, a cnonx nparon ns uncna my-
cyntman nenepntmn.
L_jjhj gZ ZjZ[kdhc a_fe_
3rn necmernte nonunma nocpecrnom reppopa ycranan-
nnnann naxxanrcxym nnacrt. Onn tnn noxoxn na nocxa My-
canamt, ynnuroxanmne mycyntmancxne oasnct n ynnanmne
cnonnxnnxon Hpopoxa (c.r.c.). Pasnnna mexy nepntmn n no-
cnennmn tna nnmt n rom, uro naxxanrcxne nocxa ecrno-
nann no uerxnm pyxonocrnom xpncrnancxnx o]nnepon
181
. un-
nnnnn n cnoe xnnre Aparyna raman ]n an-xasnpa an-
rapanx (Copox ner na Apanncxom nonyocrpone) nnmer:
Kora mt pasouaponannct n an-Xycene, ro pemnnn ncnontso-
nart nocxo parten, nosrnannxemoe Xannom nn Hma,
uacanom a-annmem, Cynranom nn Faxaom. 3ro nocxo
onxno tno ycrponrt pesnm n Tan]e n nanecrn crpax na nce
ocente n xouente apacxne nnemena Xnxasa
182
. anee on
onnctnaer meponpnxrnx, ycrpoennte nm nx roro, urot no-
unnnrt cee Iaynny nn an-Xycena Hopancxoro: .y \_-
e_e =Z[^me]Zabam k g_[hevrbf hljy^hf ba \hckdZ [jZlv-
_\ gZiZklv gZ =Z[^meem [bg Ze-Omk_cgZ kh klhjhgu Ze-
Fbeo b m[blv _]h. B ro xe npemx mt nenenn Hn Iynany noc-
crart npornn Iaynnt nn an-Xycena nnyrpn Hopannn.
.Hocxontxy namn nocxa nmenn nonemee opyxne, nm yanoct
ynnuroxnrt necxontxo rtcxu nnemen, nacenxnmnx an-Fanxa, an-
Xymrar, nnemena Fany Caxpa n pyrnx, no npemx +ro onepannn
tno ynnuroxeno mnoro xenmnn n ere
183
.



180
Hn Famap. Iynnan an-max.. 1/14.
181
Ero eme nastnamr crparernuecxnm pyxonocrnom, no nnora nm npnxon-
noct ocymecrnnxrt n rexnnuecxoe pyxonocrno roxe.
182
Cm. y Hactpa ac-Carna, Tapnx an Cary, c. 359.
183
Hactp ac-Carn. Tapnx.. C. 501, 502; Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa
an-rapanx an-xanc. C. 234, 235.
77
Ba\jZs_gb_ kmggu b h[uqZ_\
V apacxnx nnemen tnn cnon saxont noennoro npemenn.
B uacrnocrn nnxro, nnxora, nn no xaxnm npenorom ne nmen
npana ynnart xenmnn, nacnnonart nx, rpanrt nx nmymecrno,
+ro cunranoct nnsocrtm n nonocrtm. axe n rom cnyuae, ecnn
nonepxennoe nnemx exano c nonx ox, noenrent nnxora ne
npnunnxn npea xenmnnam n erxm, onn ne nxonnn n nonxrne
nont n npornnnnxa. Bocxo parten napymnno +rn otuan,
nonnt ne pas cnxstnann xenmnn nx roro, urot noxn naxxa-
nsma
184
onopounnn nx uecrt. nxcon
185
, nnocnecrnnn ycrpo-
nnmn pacxon nocxa parten, nnmer: 3rn ]anarnxn ns
nocxa parten sa xoporxoe npemx crann rposo ncex cnonx
nparon n pyse, sa rot, xora nx snesa cnxna, n pesyntrare
yxacntx snoecrn nm yanoct ynpasnnrt nce otuan, xoro-
pte tnn nennt nx xaxoro nacroxmero apaa
186
. To, uro onn
tnn ]anarnxamn, ro ecrt uepesntuano pennrnosntmn nmt-
mn, nn n xoem cnyuae ne cnyxnr onpanannem nx nocrynxam,
nxcon n cam coomaer o rom, uro onn esxanocrno ynnann
xenmnn n ere: Bo npemx +rnx naeron nonnt ns nocxa
parten nacrontxo xecroxo ynnann xenmnn n ere, uro nx
nocrynxam ner nnxaxoro onpanannx
187
.
Kpome roro, cornacno apacxnm otuaxm, tno sanpeme-
no ynnart nnenntx, no nocxo parten napymnno n +ror sa-
nper roxe. nxcon no +romy nonoy nnmer: B 1920 30rr.
nocxo parten tno na nepmnne cnoero morymecrna, rora-
ro onn, orneprnyn nce oxecrnennte n uenoneuecxne saxont,

184
Kopont Iaynrasns nnuno nsnacnnonan onee uertpexcor nnennnn, cpen
xoroptx tna n xena ynroro nm ctna uacana a-annma.
185
>bdkhg jh^beky b [ue \kdhjfe_g \ ie_f_gb =ZgaZ, ihwlhfm b kqblZe
k_[y ]Zgablhf. K\hbo ^_l_c hg gZa\Ze KZ]m^hf b AZojhc, gh BkeZf g_
ijbgye. G_kfhljy gZ wlh \h`^b \ZooZ[bafZ gbdh]^Z gbq_]h g_ ij_^-
ijbgbfZeb ^h lh]h, dZd ihemqZl hl g_]h bgkljmdpbb. <ZooZ[blu kZfb
i_j_\_eb _]h dgb]m gZ ZjZ[kdbc yaud, b ihwlhfm fu k_cqZk bf__f \ha-
fh`ghklv kkueZlvky gZ g__.
186
nxcon. Iapa ac-caxpa. C. 151.
187
Tam xe. C. 462.
78
crann rnopnrt exnnx, or ynomnnannx xoroptx crtner xpont.
Onn ynnann ncex, n rex, xro cancx, n rex, xro ne cancx
188
.
H[fZg jZkdjul
Hn Iaynnaxxa n ero noromxn nocroxnno npnstnann
nocxa parten x none, oemann nm Pa n sanpemann py-
xnrt c nenepntmn, onaxo na ene nnora nx uacrn npncoen-
nxnn x uacrxm namecrnnxa. Ho uepes nexoropoe npemx noena-
uantnnxn crann sameuart, uro n ecrnnrentnocrn crparernuec-
xnmn pyxononrenxmn +roro nocxa tnn anrnncxne o]nnept,
rora-ro onn n nonxnn, uro tnn omanyrt, uro nx ncnontsymr
n xauecrne opynx anrnncxnx nnacre
189
.
Ocosnan +ry ncrnny, n 1926r. npenonrenn nocxa pa-
rten copann noennt coner, xoropt nonyunn nastnanne
Coner n Aprannx. Ha +rom conere npncyrcrnonann uacan nn
a-annm, Hn Xacnan, Hn Faxa n pyrne. B pesyntrare
conera onn ntcrynnnn c cemtm rpeonannxmn, cpen xoroptx
tno rpeonanne na sanper ncnontsonannx rene]onon n anromo-
nne n mycyntmancxnx crpanax, rpeonanne npnnxrt mnnron
an-Hxca n naxxansm nnn xe ncex xasnnrt. Onaxo +ro eme ne
tno nnxom xpnsnca, on nacran n 1927r., xora nocxa part-
en orxasannct npnsnart ctna Carya xoponem Xnxasa, Hex-
a n ncex npnnerammnx reppnropn.
Hocxontxy nocxo parten npecrannxno coo rposnym
cnny, nnacrn nomnn na ycrynxn n axe namnn nxrnanart yue-
ntx, nsanmnx ]ernt cornacno rpeonannxm, npnnxrtm na nt-
meynomxnyrom copannn. Hocne nrnt ac-Canx 29/3/1929r.
nocxo parten ycrponno noopyxennoe noccranne npornn
noxe naxxansma. Boccranne nosrnannnn Cynran nn Xamns
an-Iarn, uacan nn Cynran a-annm an-Martpn
190
. Bce no-

188
Tam xe. C. 464.
189
nxcon .Iapa ac-caxpa. C. 470.
190
On tn onnm ns rpnnanarn xomannpon, nananmnx nmecre c Iaynra-
snsom na +p-Pnx no nropo pas. Iaynrasns ouent onepxn emy n nasnaunn
ero cnonm conernnxom. Ha ero conecrn nexnr cmeprt mnornx nennnntx my-
cyntman Apanncxoro nonyocrpona n Hpaxa. On xe ocann Menny n epxan
ee n noxae o rex nop, noxa ee xnrenn ne cannct. Fonee roro, on ncm cnom
79
romxn Iaynnt nn Iaynnaxxaa oxnnnn nx xapnxnramn
n ann paspemenne ynnuroxnrt, no xax +ro cenart? Bet nonax
apmnx caynron eme ne cospena.
Bor rora-ro na nomomt x nnm npnmnn uacrn pnrancxo
perynxpno apmnn, onn oxasann n nasemnym, n nosymnym no-
epxxy. Fpnrannx ncemn cnnamn crapanact ynnuroxnrt rex, xro
nontrancx orxptrt ee rany. Bocxo parten tno oxpyxeno,
n n noxanom xontne na nero opymnncx mxnan ornx
191
pnran-
cxnx xoponencxnx nosymntx cnn. Kpome roro, Fpnrannx nauana
n nasemnym noennym onepannm
192
. B nrore Hn Xamn n pyrne
npenonrenn nocxa parten, n rom uncne ctn uacana an-
annma, tnn ynnuroxent, a camo nocxo tno ntnyxeno
cartcx.
Dhg_p \hckdZ [jZlv_\
8/1/1930r. uacan a-annm cancx npecrannrenm Fpn-
rannn nxcony, cranxa xoroporo tna n Kynere. o Kynera
ero conponoxan c+p C.C. Fepnr, pnrancxn noenauantnnx n
Facpe. Ero nnmnnn meua, uro cnmnonnsnponano sanepmenne
npemen nocxa parten. A-annma ocrannnn n +p-Pnx, re
on n ymep n 1932r. n rmptme xoponx Iaynrasnsa. Hnrepecno,
uro a-annm, cymecrnonanne xoroporo pnrannt orpnnamr, no
npemx caun cxasan nxcony: O Ay Cary, x nopyuam ree sa-
ory o moe cemte (no npemx caun nmecre c nnm tna ero xe-
na, rpoe parten, noe manentxnx ere n eme nanart cemt
pocrnennnxon). uro xe xacaercx nocxa parten, ro n nem
tna nponeena uncrxa n nce neyronte pyxononrenn tnn
ynnuroxent. Ha +rom sanepmnnact ncropnx nepnoro naxxanr-
cxoro nocxa, cosannoro Hn Iaynnaxxaom n ero ctnontx-
mn, nocxa, nounnnnmero cee ontmym uacrt Xnxasa. Ho

xnsnt tn meuom, sanecenntm na nnemenem an-Iaxman, ns xoroporo npo-
ncxonna ero mart.
191
urot npecrannrt cee momt nocxa parten, ocrarouno ysnart, uro
uncnennocrt nepnmon n +rom nocxe cocrannxna cro rtcxu.
192
nxcon. Iapa ac-caxpa. C. 469.
80
emy na cmeny npnmno nonoe, onee cnntnoe nocxo, roronoe
ynnart axe nanomnnxon.
<hckdh >`hgZ Nbebiib
Anrnnuane npnanann ontmoe snauenne sapoxamme-
mycx naxxansmy, onn saornnnct o nem, nocxontxy snann, uro
+ro nnxenne nosnonnr nm ne rontxo noenrt Hcnam, no sanxrt
mycyntman mexoycono nono. C nentm pasnnrnx +roro
nnxennx onn nocroxnno noctnann n pernon cnonx arenron,
nmenno +rn nmn n nonaQann c nepnmon no npemx nepnoro no-
xoa. Onnm ns nnx tn Bexcnnp, nornmn no npemx nrnt
naxxanron c pamnnramn. Cneymmnm tn xon unnnnnn, o
nem mt n noronopnm n +rom pasene.
Dlh lZdhc Nbebiib?
3ro nonxonnnx Iappn xon Canr unnnnnn, ponncx 3
anpenx 1885r. na ocrpone Henon
193
. B 1891r. ero oren nepees-
xaer n Bennxopnrannm. B 1907r. xon oxonunn Kempnx-
cxn ynnnepcnrer, sarem nsyuan ncropnm n nnncxoe npano,
ntyunn ]pannyscxn, nemenxn, nnncxn, nepcncxn n
apacxn xstxn. 3arem nepnyncx na nocrox, re tn arenrom
pnrancxnx nnacre, rax xe xax Kermnep, Hopenc, Maxmaxon,
Koxc, Macent, Kneron, Ienton, Hecon n pyrne.
B 1908r. xon unnnnnn nonyuaer nasnauenne n Hnnm n
xauecrne arenra pnrancxo pasnexn, no ncxope nonyuaer no-
ntmenne n n 1914r. yxe cranonnrcx samecrnrenem ryepnaropa
Hanaopa, sarem ero nepenoxr na onxnocrt rnant ynpanne-
nnx nasopa sa neuartm n Henxae. C nauanom Hepno mnpo-
no nont Fpnrannx ycnnnnaer cnom xononnantnym nonnrnxy n
crapaercx oropart reppnropnn Ocmancxo nmnepnn na Fnnx-
nem nocroxe, n n uacrnocrn Hpax. B 1914r. Fpnrancxn ]nor no
xomanonannem c+pa Fepcn Koxca ntcanncx n Facpe, n cocrane
xomannoro cocrana +rnx pnrancxnx uacre tn n unnnnnn.
uepes ro on tn nasnauen nomomnnxom ryepnaropa no +xono-
mnuecxnm nonpocam n nauan ntnycx rasert An-Anxar an-

193
Ceuac Bpn-Hanxa.
81
acpnx. B ro xe npemx on nyremecrnyer no mry Hpaxa, conpa-
er nn]opmannm n ncrpeuaercx c nxconom, xoropt x romy
npemenn yxe onroe npemx naxonncx n pernone n tn snaxom c
cnryanne.
17 max 1916r. pnrancxne nocxa saxnarnnn Fara n
unnnnnn tn nasnauen nroptm nomomnnxom ryepnaropa,
xpome roro, nmecre co cnxmennnxom Mapn an-Knpmann onn na-
uann ntnycx rasert An-Iapa.
GZklmie_gb_ gZ :jZ\bckdbc ihemhkljh\
B 1915r. no npemx nrnt naxxanron c pamnnramn, xo-
roptx anrnnuane cunrann croponnnxamn Ocmancxo nmnepnn,
npn an-xnpa tn ynr xannran Bexcnnp. Fnaroapx apann-
cxo cmyre anrnnuanam yanoct ornneut nnnmanne Ocmancxo
nmnepnn n saxnarnrt Facpy
194
. Onaxo nocne cmeprn ynomxny-
roro naxxanrcxoro nonxonona, nx apmnx nyxanact n nonom
crparere, n, ecrecrnenno nm mor crart rontxo mncrep unnnnnn.
17 oxrxpx 1917r. on, yxe oert n apacxym oexy, npntn n
Mnna an-Iaxnp, uro naxonrcx n an-Hxca, urot orrya nanpa-
nnrtcx n +p-Pnx, re on onxen tn ncrpernrtcx c xynercxnm
xoncyntranrom pnrancxo xopont no nonnrnuecxnm nonpocam
Iamnntronom
195
. Ho no nensnecrntm npnunnam ero mapmpyr
nsmennncx, on nocernn mr Apanncxoro nonyocrpona, sarem na-
npannncx na cenep, nocne uero, npoexan Xnxas, opancx o
Ernnra, a orrya nnont npntn n Facpy. Bnnmo, on npnxnt-
nan nonte rpannnt yymero naxxanrcxoro rocyapcrna.
Bo npemx nyremecrnnx on paspaoran nnan, xoropt
npecrannn Koxcy, n n cxopom npemenn c nontmn sanacamn e-
ner n opyxnx nanpannncx n Apanncxn nonyocrpon, re n nyc-
rtne a-axna ncrpernncx c noxxmn naxxansma.
Hepe xonom unnnnnn croxno rpn saaun:
no-nepntx, cop nn]opmannn o Apanncxom nonyocrpo-
ne nx pnrancxo pasnexn;

194
27 noxpx 1916r.
195
Bo npemx +ro noesxn unnnnnn nepean naxxanram +xnnnanenr cra rt-
cxu peanon n oeman nocranxn nonemero opyxnx n nnxamee npemx.
82
no-nroptx, nocnnranne nonoro noxonennx naxxanron,
xoropte, npnxptnaxct apacxnmn oexamn, yyr npononrt
nonnrnxy, ntronym pnrancxo xopone;
n-rpertnx, ycrpanenne Ocmancxoro nnnxnnx na Apann-
cxom nonyocrpone, xoropoe ocymecrnnxnoct nocpecrnom pamn-
nron na cenepo-nocroxe n xamnmnron n Xnxase.
uro xacaercx nyx nepntx nene, ro on ouent yauno nx
ntnonnnn
196
, n nocnnran mnoxecrno naxxanron, yrontx anr-
nnuanam. uro xacaercx rperte saaun, ro x momenry npntrnx
unnnnnn naxxanrcxnm nocxam npnmnoct ororn x Fypae, a
nocxam pamnnron x an-Kactmy, no+romy tna neoxonmocrt
n ycxopennn oentx ecrnn. unnnnnn oronopnncx c naxxa-
nramn, uro onn npoonxar nacrynnenne cpasy xe nocne roro,
xax nocrynnr nonoe noxpennenne, xpome +roro, pnrannt ox-
sannct nocrannrt entrn, opyxne n noenntx xoncyntranron
197
.
B nepno naprnn opyxnx naxxanram tno nocranneno nxrt rt-
cxu nnnronox n cro xmnxon c oenpnnacamn. xon unnnnnn ne
ocmennncx nnuno yuacrnonart n camtx nepntx nonax, nocxont-
xy oxncx yuacrn xannrana Bexcnnpa, n cnxsn c +rnm on nanm-

196
Xouercx oannrt, uro, nyremecrnyx no Apanncxomy nonyocrpony, un-
nnnnn conpan nonnemym nn]opmannx o +rom pernone. B nenom nm tno
nepeano oxono 7000 pncynxon, xoropte coepxann axe nsopaxennx npe-
crannrene apanncxo ]nopt n ]aynt. Kpome roro, on xopomo nccneonan
Hemen n Oman, nocernn Caa n Xapamayr, uro nnocnecrnnn nosnonnno
pnrannam nerxo saxnarnrt n +rn semnn roxe. Ero noxoxennx onncant n
xnnre Ap-Pyr an-xann, a raxxe n crarte, onynnxonanno n nrantxncxom
xypnane Am-Bapx an-xanc n 1937r. co cctnxo na Hactpa an-uapaxa
Knxm an-rnmap ac-Carynx, npacar rapnxnx nnnranxxar ac-Carynx an-
pnrannx, ac-Ca]a nn namp na ar-ransnr, Honon, c. 103, raxxe y nxcona
Iapa ac-caxpa, c. 334.
197
M+xep nxcon. An-Kyner na xaparyxa, nepeno na apacxn xa-
cnma an-Myapaxa. On coomaer, uro no rnane pnrancxo mnccnn croxn un-
nnnnn, ero nomomnnxamn n ocymecrnnennn pnrancxo crparernn tnn non-
xonnnx Iamnntron n nonxonnnx Kannnn, oa arenrt pnrancxo pasnexn n
Hpaxe. Onn nesnn c coo cynyxn, nanrte entramn. Baxxanram tno
nocranneno cro rtcxu peanon, a xpome +roro xaxt ro pnrancxax xopona
ntenxna eme no mecrtecxr rtcxu peanon, cm. y oxropa Myxammaa an-
Xarta Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa an-rapanx.
83
an sa cpaxennxmn c amnn n anan naxxanrcxnm noenauant-
nnxam neoxonmte xoncyntrannn
198
.
nx oecneuennx ycnemnocrn cnoe nonnrnxn ynpanne-
nnx naxxanrcxnm rocyapcrnom, xon unnnnnn npnmennn no-
nte, o cnx nop ne ncnontsonannte merot. B uacrnocrn on
oxnnn, uro npnnxn Hcnam, xorx na camom ene +roro ne ce-
nan. B cnoe xnnre on nastnaer cex xonom unnnnnn, a ne
Iaynno. nxcon no +romy xe nonoy nnmer: Apat nast-
nann ero Iaynno Xnnn
199
. Kpome roro, unnnnnn noxynan
noxe apacxnx nnemen, naroapx noxynam emy yanoct no-
nyunrt nomomt nexoroptx pamnnron no npemx mrypma nx e-
penent n cronnnt. Fnaroapx noxyny no npemx nrnt ap-Pana
c ontmo nerxocrtm tnn saxnauent epennn Faa Hacnn n
am-Barna, a nx xnrenn, conepmanmne yrpennmm monnrny n
meuern, tnn ncrpenent naxxanramn, nmymecrno pasrpane-
no, xent n ern nnenent. Hoxynnennte naxxanrcxne arenrt
nomornn nocxy norn n xaan Bammap n Iyxa, re nauancx
xponant reppop npornn mnpntx xnrene n tno ynro mnoxe-
crno mnpntx xpecrtxn
200
. B nrore naxxanram orxptncx nyrt na
Xann, xoropt raxxe tn nsxr naroapx npearentcrny, ero
saxnarnnn 29 Ca]apa 1340r. (2 noxpx 1922r.)
201
.
uro xe xacaercx ampa]nron n Xnxase, ro pemenne npe-
noart nm ypox tno npnnxro nocne roro, xax onn, necmorpx na
yrpost n nontrxn noxyna, orxasannct nonncart nsnecrnte
]panxo-pnrancxo-cnonncrcxne oronopt Caxnca Fexo 1916r.
n Fent]opa 1917r. Canax an-Iaxa no +romy nonoy nnmer:
Hecornacne am-Bapn]a Xycena c nnanamn Fpnrannn, xacam-
mnmncx cosannx enpecxoro rocyapcrna n Hanecrnne, crann
rnanno npnunno pasnaa ero ornomenn c pnrancxo xopo-

198
Xapn Xamma. Iaynna unnnnnn. C. 215.
199
nxcon. Iapa ac-caxpa. C. 336.
200
Hactp ac-Carn. Tapnx An Cary, manmypar nrrnxa mar an-xasnpa
an-rapanx, .r. C. 78.
201
Tam xe. C. 87.
84
no
202
. Anrnnuane ornernnn am-Bapn]y Xyceny naxxanr-
cxnm nacrynnennem n Xnxase, onee roro, onn onnnct nsa-
nnx coornercrnymmnx ]ern ne rontxo co cropont naxxanron,
no n nexoroptx yuentx, xnnmnx n pernonax, xononnsnponan-
ntx nmn. Kpome roro, pnrancxne mnnont npnnenn n cocroxnne
neronocrn noennte camonert, npnnanexanmne am-Bapn]y,
xoropte on ncnontsonan no npemx nont npornn naxxanron.
unnnnnn nepexnrpnn am-Bapn]a, npenoxnn emy cnon no-
cpennuecxne ycnyrn n none npornn naxxanron, n nrore emy
yanoct nonyunrt nn]opmannm o pacnonoxennn uacre am-
Bapn]a. Emy yanoct yenrt rnany naxxanron n xne, uro
ero nocxo npenocxonr nocxo am-Bapn]a n uro ontmnncrno
eynnon xenamr tcrpemero xonna oentx ecrnn. un-
nnnnn no +romy nonoy nnmer: Hocne roro xax mt norepxnn
ncxuecxym naexy na noepxxy co cropont Xycena, pemnnn
ncnontsonart nocxo parten, nosrnannxemoe Xannom nn
Hma, uacanom a-annmem n Cynranom nn Faxaom. Onn
ycrponnn noxasarentnym pesnm n Tan]e, xoropax onxna tna
ncennrt crpax n cepna eme ne noxopenntx eynnon n oner-
unrt sanoenanne ocrantntx ropoon Xnxasa. Hocne roro xax
Xycen orxasancx npoart Hanecrnny enpexm, anrnncxne nnac-
rn pemnnn nmo neno nnmnrt ero npecrona n nnnxnnx, a +ro
rpeonano snaunrentnoro xpononponnrnx. Xycen orxasancx
npnnxrt namn rpeonannx n nacroxn na rom, uro xenaer rontxo
oennennx ncex apacxnx sement no cnoe nnacrtm
203
.

202
oxrop Canax an-Iaxxa. xasnpa an-rapa ]n an-racp an-xanc. Hn-
crnryr nccneonann apacxo ncropnn n xyntrypt, Kanp, 1960r. C. 41. Her
comnennx n rom, uro am-Bapn] Xycen raxxe cnyxnn opynem xpncrnan n
nyeen. B uacrnocrn, xora Maxmaxon, npecrannrent pnrancxnx nnacre n
Kanpe, npenoxnn emy noenart npornn Ocmancxo nmnepnn n oennnrt
apacxne semnn on ntpasnn cnoe nonnoe cornacne. Ho xora ero ctny n omen
na apacxne semnn, n Hanecrnne npenoxnnn nocrox Hopannn, on orxasancx
npoonxart nnnomarnuecxne cnxsn c pnrannamn n ycrponn noopyxennoe
noccranne 9 Barana 1335r. (1916r.). Fpnrancxne nnacrn ncnontsonann npo-
rnn nero cnoe nonoe opyxne, naxxanrcxym apmnm, n nrore n 1924r. on tn
nsrnan ns Xnxasa.
203
Hactp ac-Carn. Tapnx An Cary. C. 359.
85
Haunnax c 1926r. n reuenne mnornx ner unnnnnn tn
ocotm conernnxom naxxanrcxnx nnacre n nnec orpomnt
nxna n ycranonnenne cnxsn mexy naxxanramn n cnonncramn.
Hmenno uepes unnnnnn Xanm n Hsman, noxn enpeen, nepea-
nann nsxrxn noxxm naxxanron, a re n snax naroapnocrn no-
mornn nm onnaert Hanecrnno
204
. Fonee roro, n 1945r. unnnn-
nn nororonnn ncrpeuy mexy noxxmn naxxansma n npecra-
nnrenxmn enpecxoro npannrentcrna Hpnexom n annom en
Iypnonom. Hmenno no+romy naxxanrcxne nnacrn oxasann no-
epxxy mnponomy cnonnsmy n pasmepe ecxrn rtcxu xyne-
xon
205
.
Dhg_p
Hocne roro xax naxxanrcxne nocxa tnn ntrecnent ns
an-Fpnmn, nx cnxst c anrnnuanamn coxpannnact
206
. B 1955r. na-
unnaercx nepno amepnxancxoro npncyrcrnnx n pernone. B mae
+roro xe roa pano Cayoncxo Apannn oxnnno, uro npann-
rentcrno nsrnano unnnnnn sa npeent rocyapcrna (emy tno
npeocranneno npano sapart c coo nce cnoe nmymecrno)
207
.
unnnnnn noxnnyn reppnropnm Cayoncxo Apannn, re nponen
rpert nexa, rano ynpannxx rocyapcrnom. On nepeexan n Fepyr
n cran yrpoxart naxxanram rem, uro conpaercx pacxptrt nce

204
Fonee nopono n rnane o nomomn naxxanron n cosannn cnonncrcxoro
rocyapcrna n Hanecrnne.
205
Hpn Menaxnme Fernne Hpnex sanxn nocr mnnncrpa +xonomnxn, ecrt ]oro-
rpa]nn, re sacnxra ero ncrpeua c xoponem Iaynrasnsom. Cm. unnnnnn
Tapnx Hax, Hactp ac-Carn Tapnx An Cary, Xapn Xamma Armn-
ar an-ncrnrmap n ar-Taxnn An-unpxa an-naxxanx ]n xnmar man?, c.
213.
206
Anrnnuane nsrnann nocxa naxxanron ns an-Fpnmn, a re, xxot onen-
mnct, n 1955r. orosnann cnoero nocna ns Honona, nocne uero nocontcrno
Cayoncxo Apannn nycronano o 1963r. n tno orxptro nnont n snax na-
roapnocrn sa nomomt Bennxopnrannn n noannennn noccrannx n Hemene.
207
unnnnnn n 1954r. n namnnrroncxom xypnane Am-Byyn an-xapnxnx
(Bnemnne ena) xpnrnxonan cayncxne nnacrn sa nx nenpannntnoe pacno-
pxxenne rocyapcrnenno xasno, sa ro, uro onn, nsrnan anrnnuan, crann pa-
orart c amepnxannamn, n ynomxnyn, uro co cmeprtm xoponx Iaynrasnsa
ero mnccnx n pernone sanepmnnact.
86
nx rante oronopt c Hspannem, xacammnecx npoaxn Hanec-
rnnt. Ero nepy npnnanexar xnnrn Aam rapanx, Aparyna
raman ]n xasnpar an-rapa n Tapnx Hax na rapnx mex
Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa
208
.
B xonne xouercx onecrn o cneennx unrarenx, uro mex
unnnnnn npnxonrcx ornom nsnecrnomy, ntcoxonocrannennomy
pnrancxomy nnnomary Iaponty Knmy unnnnnn, xoropt o-
nonpemenno cnyxnn pyccxo pasnexe KIF, a xora n 1936r. ero
pacxptnn, exan n CCCP. Herep Par n cnoe xnnre Oxora na
mnnonon nopono nsnaraer norpa]nm +roro uenonexa. Ero
oren xon unnnnnn raxxe tn onnnen n rom, uro ononpe-
menno paoran na pnrancxym n amepnxancxym pasnexn.
Taxon tn xon unnnnnn, nosrnannnmn naxxanrcxoe
nnxenne, nnxe mt eme ne pas yem ynomnnart o nem
209
.
=eZ\Z \lhjZy
=_h]jZnby \ZooZ[bafZ b
^bkdj_^blZpby BkeZfZ
Haunnax co npemen 3y an-Xyacapa, Mycanamt, Ca-
xax, Haxara nr Iamnpa, nnnort o ne Iaynnt nn Ia-
ynnaxxaa n Hn Fasa, noromxa Hn Iaynnaxxaa, paspe-
mnnmero ynnart mycyntman no npemx monnrnt, Hex xnnxer-
cx ponno e, ntnaammnx na ronont mycyntman. Ho +romy
nonoy n onom ns xancon Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) cxasano: Onn nt-
yr c nocroxa.
Hnonept naxxansma n camn saxnnxmr o rom, uro no npe-
mena Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa xnrenn Hexa orcrynnnn
or Hcnama, n uacrnocrn nsnecrnt naxxanrcxn yuent mex
Iaynart] nnmer: Onn orxasannct or ranxna n pennrnn n

208
Hepeno Iymapa a-npann, Fepyr, .r.
209
B xnnre Knxm an-rnmap ac-Carynx npacar ar-rapnxnx nnnranxxar ac-
Carynx an-pnrannx, npnnanexame nepy npo]eccopa Hactpa an-uapaxa,
nenax rnana An-Mynx an-pnrann rap an-myrayyax ]n an-xasnpar an-
rapanx co c. 94 n o xonna xnnrn nocnxmena exrentnocrn xona unnnn-
nn.
87
crann opamartcx sa nomomtm x npanennxam, nonam n cara-
nnncxnm ncryxanam
210
. B Iynnan an-max raxxe ronopnrcx
o rom, uro xnrenn Hexa yxe ne npnsnanann nonropnoro noc-
xpemennx n ne snann pennrnosntx ocnon
211
. Fonee roro, cam
mex Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa, saxnmuax oronop c Hn
Caryom n 1157r. (1744r.), cxasan emy: Pasne rt ne nnnmt, uro
Hex norpxs n xstuecrne n sanyxennn?
212
B +ro rnane mt,
rax xe xax n n npetyme, xenaem npnnecrn npnmept roro,
xax naxxanrt crapamrcx ncxasnrt ncrnnt n nsnparnrt nexoro-
pte reorpa]nuecxne nonxrnx.
Kihj \hdjm] oZ^bkZ Hllm^Z ihy\ylky ihljyk_gby
b kfmlu.
Baxxanrt, xoneuno xe, orpnnamr, uro n xance, nepe-
annom an-Fyxapn, Axmaom n ar-Tepmnsn, peut ner o Hexe,
xoropt xnnxercx nx Kaao. B +rom xance cxasano: O Annax,
narocnonn nam Bam n Hemen. Cnonnxnnxn cxasann: H nam
Hex. Hpopox (c.r.c.) cxasan: O Annax, narocnonn nam Bam
n Hemen. Cnonnxnnxn nnont cxasann: H nam Hex. Tora
Hpopox (c.r.c.) ornernn: B Hexe norpxcennx n cmyrt, nmen-
no orrya nosnnxner por carant
213
. Onaxo +ror ]axr orpnnart
ouent cnoxno, n nx roro urot oxasart npornnnoe, cneyer
npnnoxnrt ouent mnoxecrno ycnnn n norn oxontntmn nyrx-

210
Maxmyrar ap-pacann na ac-cann an-naxnx. T. 3. C. 381 382. a, mt
npnsnaem, uro Hex xnnxercx ponno cmyrt, onaxo ne nepnm n ro, uro nce
xnrenn Hexa tnn nepoorcrynnnxamn, ecrt mnoro coomenn o rom, xax
naxxanrt ynnann mycyntman Hexa no npemx monnrnt, ro ecrt xora re
omannct co cnonm Iocnoom, a +ro cnnerentcrnyer n nontsy roro, uro n
Hexe tnn nacroxmne mycyntmane.
211
Iynnan an-max. T. 1. C. 2. B xommenrapnxx, na cneymme crpannne
Hn Famap paccxastnaer o pacnpocrpanennn xstuecrna n Hexe.
212
Tam xe. T. 1. C. 24, c yrounennxmn Iapaxmana nn Iaynart]a, nsa-
nne nropoe, Fepyr, 1974, n nsannn +p-Pnxa noxoxax ]pasa ncrpeuaercx n
r.1, c. 12.
213
B coornercrnymme rnane y Mycnnma npnnonrcx mnoxecrno xancon, n
xoroptx paccxastnaercx, xax Hpopox (c.r.c.), nonepnynmnct na nocrox n yxa-
stnax pyxo, cxasan: Cmyra npner orrya, re ntpacrer por carant.
88
mn. Fonee roro, naxxanrt n camn npnsnamr, uro no Hexom
ne moxer nmertcx n nny nnxaxo pyro pernon. Hrax, namn
onot raxont.
1. Ecnn mt ronopnm o Hexe, ro nmeercx n nny xon-
xpernt pernon, pacnonoxennt nocrounee Xnxasa. Ecnn rt
ronopnmt cnoemy ctny: Hosonn cnom mart ns xomnart, ro on,
xoneuno xe, ne craner snart ee ns xomnart cocenero oma.
Touno rax xe n Hex ne moxer trt pacnonoxen n pyrom pe-
rnone.
2. B xance Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) ouent xcno ynomnnaercx
Hex, n xcno, uro on pacnonoxen na reppnropnn Apanncxoro
nonyocrpona. Hpopox (c.r.c.), n ynomxnyrom xance, cxasan: H
nam Hex, ro ecrt ne xstuecxn, a mycyntmancxn. Kax nsne-
crno, Hpax n ro npemx eme npnnanexan nepcam n nomen n co-
cran mycyntmancxoro rocyapcrna rontxo npn Iymape, no+romy
no Hexom nmeercx n nny rontxo Hex Apanncxoro nony-
ocrpona.
3. Baxxanrt saxnnxmr, uro Hpopox (c.r.c.) n cnonx xan-
cax ronopnr o Hpaxe, cnom nosnnnm onn oxastnamr rem, uro
an-xaman, Ca]nn n pyrne xpynnte cpaxennx mexy mycynt-
manamn nponsomnn nmenno n Hpaxe. Ho +ro npenonoxenne
omnouno, xax nsnecrno, nn Iann, nn Iama, nn as-3yap, nn
Iamp nn an-Iac, nn Myannx ne tnn ypoxennamn Hpaxa, onn
nce tnn ypoxennamn Xnxasa. A npncmorpnrect x noxxm xa-
pnxnron: Ha]nr nn an-Aspax, Haxa nn Iamnp an-Xana]nx
onn oa tnn ntxonamn ns Hexa. Houemy mt onxnt o-
nnnxrt Hpax, n ro npemx xax npenonrenn xapnxnron tnn ns
an-mama (+p-Pnx), xoropt naxonrcx n Hexe? Ecnn nt no-
ponee nosnaxomnrect c pasnnuntmn ncropnuecxnmn cotrn-
xmn, ro yenrect n rom, uro ocnonntmn cnnamn xapnxnron
tnn nmenno nnemena ns namero Hexa.
4. pyro ono naxxarnon yncrno an-Xycena nn
Iann, nponsomemee n Hpaxe, a npoxnxner Annax ero ynn.
Onaxo +ror ono raxxe ouent cnat. C xaxnx +ro nop naxxa-
nrt nauann ncnomnnart o an-Xycene nn Iann, net o cnx
nop onn axe sanpemann nanemart ero mornny? Bo-nepntx,
89
yncrno an-Xycena nponsomno ne n Hexe. Bo-nroptx, ero
ynnn no npnxasy sna nn Myannn nn Ay Cy]txna, roro
uenonexa, xoropt ycrponn pesnm cnonnxnnxon Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.) n Menne, roro uenonexa, o xoropom naxxanrt ronopxr:
sn nam, a Xypxyc
214
nam. 3rn nmn saxnnxmr, uro xnnxmrcx
xanannramn, n ro npemx xax Cannx nn Axma nn Xanan
cnpocnn y orna: Oren, nexoropte nmn ronopxr, uro onn nmxr
sna. Ha +ro Axma ornernn: Pasne uenonex, nepymmn n
Annaxa, moxer ero nmnrt? Tora ctn cnpocnn: Houemy xe
rt ero ne npoxnxnemt? Oren ornernn: Pasne rt xora-nnyt
nnen, urot rno oren xoro-nno npoxnnnan?
215
Hyxno orme-
rnrt, uro +ror pnnaxr Hn Temnn xnnxercx nenonntm, nsnecr-
no, uro nmam Axma xcno ntcxasancx o npoxnxrnn sna cnona-
mn: Houemy t mne ne npoxnnnart uenonexa, xoroporo npoxnxn
Annax? Bet n Kopane cxasano: B, [ulv fh`_l, _keb \u hl-
dZ`_l_kv, [m^_l [_aaZdhgb_f b gZjmr_gb_f jh^kl\_gguo k\y-
a_c. Hgb l_, dhlhjuo :eeZo ijhdeye, ebrbe kemoZ b hke_ibe
(47:22 23); pasne moxer trt ontmee essaxonne, uem yn-
crno?
216
Hecmorpx na ro uro Hn Temnx tn pennocrntm cro-
ponnnxom Omexon, emy npnmnoct npnsnart: sn ne ornnuan-
cx pennrnosnocrtm n npanenocrtm. Onnctnax noneenne ero
nocx n Menne, Hn Temnx nnmer: .nocne +roro ero nocxo
n Menne nauano ynnart ncex. 3ro tno ono ns nennuamnx
necnpanennnocre n npecrynnenn, conepmenntx no ero npn-
xasy. Baxxanram cneyer onee erantno nsyunrt ncropnm,
rora-ro onn nepecranyr npenosnocnrt sna, xoropt tn
cxnonen x anxoronm, xax yrnepxamr nx xe yuente
217
. a co-

214
Xypxyc Hn 3yxap ac-Carn, nsnecrnt cnonnxnnx npopoxa (c.r.c.),
croxnmn no rnane nocx Iymapa (p.A.), xoropomy yanoct sanoenart an-
Axnas. Cm. Ar-Tapnx ar-Taapn 2/496, An-Kamnn Hn an-Acnp, 2/161,
Vc an-raa Hn an-Acnp, 1/474, An-Kamyc an-uapysaan, 2/309, Ar-
Tax as-3yen, 4/379.
215
Hn Temnx. Maxmyr an-]arana. 5/410.
216
Hn an-xansn. Ap-Pa ranx an-myraracct an-rann. 16; am-Bapann
am-Ba]nrn. An-Hrxa] nn xy an-ampa]. 63 64.
217
Hanpnmep, Hn Kacnp n An-Fnax na an-nnxax, 8/232.
90
xpannr nac Annax or noneennx naxxanron, xoropte nopnnamr
cnonnxnnxon, noccranmnx n an-Haxapanane, no npenosnocxmnx
sna nn Myannm, ynnanmero nennnntx mycyntman
218
.
5. Kpome roro, npn cpannennn Hpaxa c Hexom moxno
ormernrt, uro Hpax xnnxercx pannnnno mecrnocrtm, pacnono-
xenno na 200 m. ntme yponnx mopx, n ro npemx xax Hex
npecrannxer coo nnaro, nosntmennocrt xoroporo na ypon-
nem mopx onee rtcxun merpon. Kax nnnre, nasnanne ronopnr
camo sa cex.
6. Baxxanrt ntramrcx oxasart, uro Hex pacnono-
xen ne nocrounee Mennt, no+romy mt coneryem nm nonyume
nsyunrt reorpa]nm. Tomy, xomy +ro cenart cnoxno, mt cone-
ryem oparnrt nepx xaprt x cenepy n nnnmarentno nsrnxnyrt na
nee, rora onn ynnxr, uro cnpana or Mennt yer nocrox, re
naxonrcx Hex, sananee Mennt onn ynnxr Kpacnoe mope,
mxnee Mexxy, a cenepnee Tayx.
7. Hexoropte ns naxxanron ynomxnyrte xanct Hpopo-
xa (c.r.c.) ntramrcx ornecrn x Hemeny, aprymenrnpyx +ro rem,
uro ypoxennem +roro pernona tn an-Acna an-Iancn, xoroporo
ynnn camn xe emennt. Onaxo +ro nenepno, no mnornx xan-
cax Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) Hemen ynomnnaercx xax naroarnax semnx,
a nor Hex ynomnnaercx xax ncrounnx cmyrt. Hanpnmep, or
Iyxt nn Iamnpa Ay Macrya npnnonrcx, uro Hpopox (c.r.c.)
yxasan pyxo n cropony Hemena n cxasan: Tam nepa, uro xe xa-
caercx rpyocrn cepen, ro ona npncyma nacryxam nepnmon,
ona ram, re nsoer por carant n nnemenax Panra n Myap,
npnnonrcx y an-Fyxapn n pyrnx. B pyrom xance, nepean-
nom Ay Xypapo or Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), cxasano: Bor x nam npn-
exann xnrenn Hemena, nx cepna camte mxrxne, onn nanonnent
nepo n mypocrtm. uro xe xacaercx ropocrn n ntcoxomepnx,

218
Hcenocana]nrt ntnycrnnn ouent mnoro xnnr, n xoroptx onpantnamr
+rnx rnpanon, n uacrnocrn x raxnm xnnram ornocxrcx: sn nn Myrannx an-
my]rapa ranxxn, An-Xaxax nn Rcy] an-my]rapa ranxxn, An-
Xaxax nn Rcy] ac-Caxa]n nax an-xaapn ]n rapnx an-Hcnam n p. B
+rnx xnnrax naxxanrt ntcrynamr c onnnennxmn n apec Carna nn xy-
apa n mennnen, ntcrynnnmnx npornn +rnx rnpanon.
91
ro ona y nacryxon nepnmon, uro xe xacaercx noxox n nennua-
nocrn (ocronncrna), ro onn y nacryxon onen. Kax nnnre, xor-
a peut saxonr o Hemene, ro on concem ne nooen Hexy, ns
xoroporo ntmnn 3y an-Xynacapa, Mycanama, Caxax, Ha-
xara nn Iamnp, Ha]nr nn an-Aspax n, naxonen, Myxamma
nn Iaynnaxxa, nasnanmn Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) nocnannem
(rapnm)
219
n oxnnnmn osnonenno xpont mycyntman. 3rn
]ernt cunramrcx npnsnanntmn nmn nnnort o namnx ne.
Eme onnm cnnerentcrnom roro, uro naxxanrt xnnxmrcx neo-
xapnxnramn, cnyxar nx ]ernt ornocrnrentno amrapnron, na-
nron, sanron, xar]apnron n pyrnx mycyntman.
8. Ecnn nt osnaxomnrect c naxxanramn ns uncna npe-
mecrnennnxon an-Anann, ne ncnontsymmnmn ero merot cop-
rnponxn xancon, ro ynnnre, uro n onn roxe xpnrnxymr Hex,
n uacrnocrn Iycman nn Famap nnmer: 3na, a cmnnocrnnnrcx
na roo Annax, uro Hex +ro ponna pasnornacn n cmyrt,
sna n ncntrann, yncrna n rpaexa, npaxt mexy pasnnu-
ntmn eynncxnmn nnemenamn.
220
Fpar Myxammaa nn Ia-
ynnaxxaa mex Cyneman an-Hexn ynomnnaer, uro Hex
xnnxercx ponno cmyrt n yenxer +ro reme nenym rnany Am-
Barany ]n an-nax
221
n cnoe xnnre Ac-Canarnx an-
nnxxnx. B +ro rnane on npnnonr ocronepnte xanct Hpo-
poxa (c.r.c.) n xpnrnxyer nem para ornocnrentno xnxpt n
Hex n npnstnaer ncex ncrnnno nepymmnx mycyntman ocra-
nartcx n Mexxe n Menne. Hecmorpx na nce xonrpaprymenrt,
npopouecxne npecxasannx npoxnnxmrcx n opase neoxapnxn-
ron. An-Fyxapn nepeaer or Ay Carna an-Xypn, or Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.): Ha nocroxe noxnxrcx nmn, xoropte yyr unrart Ko-
pan, onaxo on ne npecrynaer rpannn nx ropna. 3rn nmn yyr
noxnart pennrnm, rax xe xax noxnaer crpena rernny nyxa, no-
cne uero onn ne nepnyrcx n pennrnm, noxa crpena ne nepnercx
oparno x rernne. V Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) cnpocnnn: Kaxont xe or-

219
Axma nn 3ann axnxn. A-ypap ac-cynnnx ]n ap-pa ranx an-
naxxanx. C. 137 147.
220
Iynnan an-max. 2/3.
221
Ac-Canarnx an-nnxxnx.. C. 112.
92
nnunrentnte xauecrna +rnx nme? On ornernn: Hx ornnunem
yer pnrte ronont. uro xe xacaercx an-Anann, ro on n xa-
uecrne onponepxennx npnnonr mnoxecrno pasnnuntx xancon
n ncrynaer n cnop c 3yxapom am-Bannmem, Myxammaom Max-
n an-Hcranynn n npounmn yuentmn. Onaxo ero cnop ornnua-
ercx ocoo rnycnocrtm, net on, xax n ocrantnte naxxanrt,
nosnennunnaer roro, xoro nonmnn, n nonocnr roro, xoro nosne-
nannen
222
.
9. H nocnennm namnm onoom xnnxercx xanc, n xoro-
pom nonecrnyercx o rom, uro n Hexe enxrt ecxrtx sna. Ax-
ma nepeaer: Ham paccxasan Ay Iapaxman, nam paccxasan
Carn, nam paccxasan Iapaxman nn Iara or Ha]nra or Hn
Iymapa, uro Hpopox (c.r.c.) naxt cxasan: O Annax, naro-
cnonn nam Bam n Hemen. Tora onn ns npncyrcrnymmnx cxa-
san: A nam nocrox, o Hocnannnx Annaxa? H Hpopox (c.r.c.)
ornernn: 'Orrya nsoer por carant, n nem enxrt ecxrtx
sna.
ymam, uro ecnn ynaxaemt n ecnpncrpacrnt unra-
rent saymaercx na namnmn onoamn, ro on nomer nx nep-
nocrt. Koneuno, ro, uro nsnoxeno ntme, ne xnnxercx crpornm
npannnom, no+romy nsnecrno, uro n Hexe ponnnct n nexoro-
pte yuente n npanennxn.
RZldhklv hkgh\ b ihk\ys_gby
Hpnunno nanncannx +roro pasena nocnyxnn orner o-
noro moero naxxanrcxoro onnonenra, xoropt nanncan: xo-
uy ornernrt ree cnonamn mexa Iaynart]a nn Iapaxmana
nn Xacana
223
, a cmnnocrnnnrcx na nnm Annax, xoroptmn on

222
Cm. namy crartm Taxcayxym xamnran.
223
Ero e Xacan npnxonrcx ctnom Myxammay nn Iaynnaxxay, a cam
Iaynart] npnxonrcx eom npetymemy my]rnm Myxammay nn H-
paxnmy. Baxxanrt cunramr, uro nmenno on sacrannn samonuart amrapnron
an-Hxca. On ponncx n a-aprnn n 1220r. (1805r.) n ymep n 1293r. (1876r.).
Hocne saxnara a-aprnn n 1818r. Hpaxnm nama nepenes ero nmecre c ornom
n Kanp, re on yunncx n an-Asxape y yuentx-xanannron, no+romy ero cunra-
mr asxaponnem. Hocne sanoenannx Faxpena n 1267r. (1850r.), xax ynomnnaer
Hn Famap n Iynnan an-max. (2/133), on sannmancx pacnpocrpanennem
93
ornernn an-Inpaxn ayy nn xnpxncy an-Faran. 3arem
on npnnen nnrary, nocne uero npnsnan menx npncoennnrtcx x
mxone cana]on. xe ornernn emy:
npouen rno orner, n xoropom rt nnrnpyemt orner
mexa Iaynart]a nn Iapaxmana nn Xacana Hn xnp-
xncy
224
an-Inpaxn, n menx ouent oropunno, uro rt ne ncnontsy-
emt nacroxmym mycyntmancxym oocnonannym xpnrnxy. Tt
onxen tn npoanannsnponart xaxoe moe cnono, xaxoe npe-
noxenne n na xaxoe ns nnx nanncart orner. Ecnn rt nacrox-
mn yuent, ro rt onxen npnnxrt ncrnny, or xoro t rt ee nn
ycntman, n orneprnyrt sanyxenne, n xoropom naxonncx o
+roro. Mycyntmannn, xoropomy Annax noapnn raxne coxponn-
ma, xax Kopan n cynny, oxsan npnnonrt ns nnx xcnte onot,
ocoenno ecnn +rn onot opament npornn enpeen n xpncrnan.
Tt npean cnoero mexa, na xoroporo cctnaemtcx, nocxontxy
rnox nnrara ne coornercrnyer anno cnryannn, nnxe x pasxc-
nm ree nce noponee.
Bo-nepntx, rno mex ornepraer ocronepnte xanct n
ncnontsyer cnate, +ro yxe camo no cee ne xnnxercx nepntm
noxoom. Kpome roro, on nsenaercx na mycyntmanamn, onn-
nxer nx n nenepnn, cmeercx na nx ponno Ernnrom, nastnax
ero rarapcxo cemte n ynnuroxnrenem xpncrnan
225
. uro

naxxansma na reppnropnn +roro rocyapcrna. H noxoxe, uro Hn xnpxnc
ouent cnntno oxyuan naxxanram n +rom pernone, nmenno no+romy na ero
xnnrn tno nanncano mnoxecrno orneron. Hepntm ns orneron tn orner orna
roro uenonexa, o xoropom mt sect nnmem, on cunrancx nroptm myxan-
om naxxanron n nanncan xnnry An-Kayn an-]acn an-na]nc ]n ap-pa
ranx an-my]rn ay nn xnpxnc. 3arem nocneonan orner ctna, xoro-
pt tn nasnan Mnnxax ar-racnc na ar-raxnc ]n ap-pa ranx ay nn
xnpxnc, nocne nero orner nanncan Iaynna nn Iapaxman Ay Fa-
rtn, ero xnnra nastnanact Kam] rannc Hn xnpxnc, no, nnnmo, on
ne yonnernopnncx cnoe xnnro n nanncan nropym - An-Hnrncap. 3arem
emy orner nanncan mex Axma nn Inca (ym. 1327r. (1909r.)), ero xnnra na-
stnanact Ap-Pa ranx myyxar ay nn xnpxnc an-Iann; nyxno or-
mernrt, uro nocnenn ne nncan nnuero, xpome onponepxenn.
224
Ero nonnoe nmx ay Cyneman xnpxnc an-Iann.
225
Ham xe ocrarouno roro, uro mex an-Asxapa Myxamma Cen Tanrann no
npemx nxrnnuno npononen 29 marana 1419r. (19 exapx 1998r.) cxasan,
94
xacaercx Hpaxa, ro n nem naneuno ocrannct cepna nexoroptx
cnonnxnnxon Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), nmenno orrya ntmnn nsnecr-
nemne xanconet, mtcnnrenn, oorarnnmne mycyntmancxym
mtcnt, a net onn enann +ro nx roro, urot nexncxne e-
ynnt roxe cmornn crart mycyntmanamn, axe ne cmorpx na ro
uro n Hexe enxrt ecxrtx sna
226
.
Bo-nroptx, npexe uem norn antme n cnoem onponep-
xennn, xouy ormernrt, uro naxxanrt, nopnnax Hpax, npexe
ncero npexr cee. Kax nsnecrno, naxxanrt ronopxr o cnoe
cnxsn c nmamom Axmaom n cunramr cex ero nocneonarenxmn,
n ryr xe nosnnxaer nonpoc, a orxya ntmen nmam Axma, re on
xnn? On ponncx n ymep n Farae, no+romy, xenaere nt +roro
nnn ner, nt oxsant npnsnart crenent Hpaxa. anee, nt yr-
nepxaere, uro xora mexxancxne n menncxne yuente nsrnann
Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa, on ornpannncx yunrtcx n Hpax.
Ho xax nam nsnecrno, ram on yunncx y arenron pnrancxo pas-
nexn, a sarem nepnyncx n paccxasan, uro xxot rypxn npoann
ero n pacrno, a anrnnuane ntxynnnn. Kax nnnre, Hpax npn-
mrnn namero noxx n oyunn. Ho+romy ecnn nt nmn uecrn, ro
onxnt npnsnart crenent Hpaxa na namn.
B-rpertnx, xoneuno, mex nontrancx xax moxno cnntnee
ouepnnrt Hpax n ncnomnnn, uro nmenno n Hpaxe noxnnnnct xa-
pypnrt, xaxmnrt, myrrasnnnrt, cy]nn n mnnrt, npo nocne-
nnx on nnmer: Pasne ne nocrecnxmrcx +rn nmn roro ]axra,

uro nomomt mycyntmancxnx crpan Amepnxe n Fpnrannn n onepannn Hnc
nycrtnn, nanpannenno npornn Hpaxa, xnnxercx neonycrnmo, n n uacrno-
crn ero cnona: Hn ono apacxoe rocyapcrno ne nnpane nosnonxrt nparam
nanaart na mycyntman co cnoe reppnropnn, +ro xnnxercx sanperntm (xa-
pam). Kro ns namnx nexncxnx yuentx, npenosnocxmnx nosynrn cana-
]nsma, cnocoen nsart noonym cmenym ]erny? He satnare, uro xora
nt n Hexe cnenn es ennoro npxema n xapmane, nmenno Ernner mnn
xncny nx Kaat. Mt snaem, nouemy naxxanrt rax cnntno nenannxr Ern-
ner, eno n rom, uro nmenno ernnercxoe nocxo ynnuroxnno nepnoe naxxa-
nrcxoe rocyapcron. Hn Famap no +romy nonoy n Iynnan an-max.,
2/4, nnmer n nocne +roro onrarenn Hexa crann no cnoe crenenn nnxe
paon.
226
3ror xanc nepean Axma n nce ero nepearunxn naexnte nmn.
95
uro Mycanama notnan n nx semnxx. Ero nosnnnx n onot
ouent anexn or ncrnnt, pasne moxno cpannnnart mnnron, npe-
anno nmxmnx Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) n ero cemtm, n rex, xro oxnnn
cex npopoxom n, orcrynnn or nept, ynnan cnonnxnnxon Hpo-
poxa (c.r.c.)? Hmenno nocne nont c nepoorcrynnnxamn, xora
nornnn mnorne snaroxn Kopana, Iymap nauan oxrtcx roro, uro
Kopan yer yrepxn. Kax nnnre, nam onnonenr cnntno sanyx-
aercx.
a n n nenom x ne nnxy cmtcna nnont onpantnart Hpax.
Cxasannoro ntme yxe ocrarouno, urot nosnart crenent +roro
pernona. Ham onnonenr nmeer cxnonnocrt oranart npenoure-
nne onomy pernony n ymep pyromy, npnuem on ne npnnonr
nnxaxnx npnemnemtx mapnarcxnx onoon. Vnomnnax crenent
Hexa, on nnmer: Kaxomy pasymnomy uenonexy xcno, uro
xnrenn Hexa no cnoe crenenn ntme xnrene pyrnx nace-
nenntx nynxron, n +ra crenent coxpanxnact o roro, xax n re na-
cenennte nynxrt noexann caxat, yuente n nepymmne. Onn
ns cnonnxnnxon Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) ornpannncx x onomy ns apa-
cxnx nnemen, urot npnsnart nx x Hcnamy, onaxo, re ero non-
nn, n xora cnonnxnnx nepnyncx x Hpopoxy (c.r.c.), ro Hpopox
(c.r.c.) cxasan emy: Ecnn t rt noexan x xnrenxm Omana, ro
onn nn n xoem cnyuae ne nonnn t n ne opyrann t rex. Kax
nnnre, n +rom xance Hpopox (c.r.c.) ynomnnaer o npenocxocr-
ne Omana. Touno rax xe Hpopox (c.r.c.) ouent xopomo orstnancx
o xnrenxx Hemena
227
. uro xe xacaercx eynnon, ro Kopan, na-
npornn, onnnxer nx n nenepnn n nnnemepnn: ;_^mbgu - mihj-
g_crb_ \ g_\_jbb b ebp_f_jbb b gZb[he__ kdehggu_ g_ ijbgb-
fZlv ij_^ibkZgbc, gbkihkeZgguo :eeZohf K\h_fm IhkeZggbdm.
<_^v :eeZo agZxsbc, fm^juc (9:97); no, ecrecrnenno, ne nce
eynnt raxont, no+romy Kopan enaer ncxnmuenne: Kj_^b
[_^mbgh\ _klv b lZdb_, dhlhju_ \_jmxl \ :eeZoZ, \ Km^guc
^_gv b kqblZxl, qlh jZkoh^m_fh_ bfb \h bfy :eeZoZ ijb[eb-
abl bo d :eeZom b [gbkihre_l bf] [eZ]hkeh\_gb_ IhkeZggbdZ.
AgZcl_, qlh wlh lZd b _klv. [[h]hm]h^gu_ jZkoh^u] ^ey gbo

227
V an-Fyxapn n pyrnx.
96
kj_^kl\h ijb[eb`_gby [d :eeZom]. :eeZo hk_gbl bo K\h_c fb-
ehklvx. \_^v :eeZo ijhsZxsbc, fbehk_j^guc (9:99). Kpome
roro, Hpopox (c.r.c.) coomnn, uro eynnt xnnxmrcx nanonee
xecroxocepntmn, uepcrntmn nmtmn: Hanonee uepcrntmn
cepnamn onaamr nacryxn nepnmon, onn xnnyr ram, re no-
xnnrcx por carant, n Panra n Myap; n pyro xanc:
.nanonee ropennntmn n ntcoxomepntmn xnnxmrcx nacryxn
nepnmon
228
. Fonee roro, cam Hn Famap saxnnxer: Mnorne
ns nnx ocrannnn monnrny n nocr
229
n pyrax nnrara: Mnorne
ns nnx nerxomtcnennt n ornomennn monnrnt n nocra n mecxn
Pamasan. nx nnx +ror nennxn mecxn ynoonncx otuntm
nynntm mecxnam. Onn tnn anexn or pyrnx nacenenntx
nynxron, no+romy n nx cpee pacnpocrpannnoct nenexecrno
230
.
Taxontm crano nonoxenne xnrene Hexa cpasy xe nocne na-
ennx nepnoro Cayncxoro rocyapcrna. Kax xe nocne +roro nt
moxere yrnepxart, uro xnrenn Hexa no cnoe crenenn npe-
nocxoxr xnrene pyrnx mycyntmancxnx pernonon. Heyxenn
nac ne yonnernopxmr onot ns Kopana n cynnt? A moxer
trt, enncrnenno nepntm onoom nx nac xnnxmrcx ntcxast-
nannx Hn Temnn n ero yuennxon?
Ecnn nt npenounraere nsnpart onn xanct n ornep-
rart pyrne, ro nam cneyer npexe ncero ns uncna nounraemtx
ropoon ncxnmunrt Mexxy, nocxontxy nmenno ee xnrenn npn-
unnxnn npe Hpopoxy (c.r.c.) n nsrnann ero. Ho+romy, ynaxae-
mte partx, nam npexe ncero neoxonmo cneonart onoam
cnxmenntx rexcron. Hmenno na ocnone rexcron mt onxnt
npnnnmart onn nacenennte nynxrt n xauecrne nounraemtx, a
pyrne n xauecrne ncrounnxa norpxcenn n cmyrt.
B-uerneprtx, mex npnnonr xanct or Ay Xypapt, n
xoroptx Hpopox (c.r.c.) xopomo orstnaercx o nnemenax Tamnm,
Tan, 3axn, Bnan, oxasanmnx emy (c.r.c.) ontmym noepxxy
no npemx xnxaa n nsxrnx nexoroptx ropoon. Onaxo nnont

228
Cm. y an-Fyxapn n pyrnx.
229
Iynnan an-max. 2/4.
230
Tam xe, 2/8.
97
ero onot cnnmxom nonepxnocrnt, on ne yuen, uro unenamn
+rnx nnemen tnn ne rontxo xnrenn Hexa, no n apat pyrnx
pernonon, xpome roro, cneyer ormernrt, uro xnxa xnnxercx
oxsannocrtm xaxoro soponoro mycyntmannna, no+romy ecnn
t nexoropte ns nnemen ne ntcrynnnn t na xnxa, ro na nnx
nerno t nxrno nosopa. Xouercx ormernrt, uro +rnm xe onoom
mex npornnopeunr camomy cee. Bet cpen noncrannen Xapy-
pt, xoroptx mex nonocnr, tnn cnonnxnnxn Iaynna nn
Bax ap-Pacnn n Baxapa nn Ay]n, onn ns yuacrnnxon Fa-
pa, npnuem onn oa nponcxonnn ns nnemenn Tamnm, no+romy ne
nonxrno, xnannr nn mex +ro nnemx nnn xe nopnnaer? Mt camn,
xoneuno xe, ne orpnnaem crenenn nnemenn Tamnm, net ns +roro
nnemenn ntmnn raxne cnonnxnnxn, xax Iaynna nn Ha, o
xoroptx Annax cxasan: Kj_^b [_^mbgh\ _klv b lZdb_, dhlh-
ju_ \_jmxl \ :eeZoZ, \ Km^guc ^_gv (9:99). B nmom cnyuae
nme cneyer cynrt no nx nocrynxam, net n Kopane cxasano:
DZ`^hfm q_eh\_dm Fu gZ^_eb gZ r_x kibkhd km^v[u b \ >_gv
\hkdj_k_gby ij_^klZ\bf _]h _fm \ \b^_ jZa\_jgmlh]h k\bldZ
(17:13). H, noome, xouercx ormernrt, uro npnnanexnocrt x
nsnecrnomy n ynaxaemomy nnemenn npe Annaxom ne nmeer nn-
xaxoro snauennx, n npornnnom cnyuae camtmn nounraemtmn
tnn t noxn xypamnron. a, mt ynaxaem nnemena Tamnm,
Tan n Xanasnn, ynomxnyrte n xancax, no +ro nn n xoem cnyuae
ne moxer orpnnart xanct, npeynpexammne nac o cmyrax
Hexa.
B-nxrtx, mex nnmer: Bo nce npemena nyumnmn cene-
nnxmn tnn re, re snann n conmann npopouecxym cynny, a
xymnmn tnn re, re cynny Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) ne snann n ne co-
nmann. a, +rn cnona xpacnnt, onaxo nmn nontsymrcx re,
xro xenaer ntart cnoe yuenne sa ncrnnnoe. Hmn nontsonannct
n nx npemecrnennnxn, xoropte oxnnnn osnonenno xpont
mycyntman n npnsnann ncex, noxnax Mexxy n Menny, nepece-
nxrtcx n Hex
231
, urot nopnrt ronont n ntpacrnrt nonte
nonoct, xoroptx ne xocnyncx mnpx. Touno raxnm xe nyrem

231
O +ro xnxpe nnmer Hn Famap, cm. Iynnan an-max, 1/13 n 15.
98
nyr n nocneonarenn +roro uenonexa, nastnammne Menny
Ionnnnyom
232
.
B-mecrtx, mex npnnonr pnnaxr or ar-Taapann, n xo-
ropom cxasano: Hocernn Hnnc Hpax n ornpannn n nem cnom
nyxy, sarem on nanpannncx n Bam, no ero nsrnann orrya, no-
cne +roro on nanpannncx n Ernner, cnec ram xno, ns nero ntny-
nnncx ntnnenox, n Ernner nanonnnncx xnnnamn. 3ror pnnaxr
cnat n c rouxn spennx rexcra, n c rouxn spennx nenouxn nepe-
arunxon. ocrarouno roro, uro n +ro nenouxe ecrt Xapmana
nn xx, o xoropom Hn Myrnn cxasan: cntman o nem raxne
nemn, xoropte axe ynomnnart nenpnnnuno, ap-Pasn cxasan:
3ror uenonex ne moxer cnyxnrt n xauecrne onoa
233
. Ho xa-
xomy xe npany nt npnnnmaere ero xanct? ne xouy nonn-
mart nonpoc pasnornacn ornocnrentno ocronepnocrn xancon,
nocxontxy +ro npeporarnna yuentx an-Asxapa, no mne rouno ns-
necrno, uro nanonee xptmn npornnnnxamn Hn Temnn tnn
yuente Bama, nmenno naroapx nx ]erne on tn nocaxen n
rmptmy, re n ymep. Onn n ceronx xnnxmrcx nnonepamn anrn-
naxxanrcxoro nnxennx, ono ns xnnr, nanncanntx nmn, xn-
nxercx Ac-Cana]nx nxcar masxaan ncnamnxn (Cana]nsm ne
xnnxercx ono ns mycyntmancxnx mxon). Ho+romy snare, uro
npnneennt namn xanc npexe ncero paoraer npornn nac. He
omantnarect entramn, net ecrt nmn, xoropte ne npoamr
cnom pennrnm sa entrn!
B-cetmtx, sarem nam onnonenr eme pas npneraer x xa-
ncy or ar-Taapann, re ynomnnaercx nam Hpax n ronopnrcx
o norpxcennxx n cmyrax. 3nare xe, uro n nenouxe +roro xanca
ecrt omanmnx an-Xacan nn Iann na-Marmapn, cm. o nem n
Hncan an-mnsan (2/221, nomep 975), An-Kamnn ]n yra]a ap-
pnxan (2/337, nomep 473). xar]ap nn an-xyna n ap-
Pasn cxasann, uro +ror uenonex tn nxenom. Kax nnnre, namn

232
Mnorne monote naxxanrt ynorpenxmr +roro cnono, nt n camn yen-
rect n +rom, ecnn xort nemnoro noomaerect c nnmn.
233
Cm. A-yra]a an-Iaxnnn, 1/322, nomep 398 n A-yra]a na an-
marpyxnn, 1/196, nomep 790.
99
onnonenrt n xauecrne onoa nnont nspann mnpax, xoropt
paccennaercx npn npnnnxennn.
B-noctmtx, mex nnmer: Ocnonntm cmtcnom cnona
Hex xnnxercx nosntmennocrt, nnaro. a, c rouxn spennx
xstxa +ro nepno, o +rom nncan eme Hn Xaxap. Ho uero xe
xouer nam onnonenr? Moxer, n xauecrne Hexa on xenaer
npecrannrt Vxy, Ca]y, Mapny, ropt Cnnacxoro nonyocrpo-
na? Moxer, on xenaer ynoonrt nx Hexy Apanncxoro no-
nyocrpona? Ha camom ene, xaxne t crapannx nn npnxnatnann
namn onnonenrt, urot nsnparnrt ncrnny, Hex ocranercx
Hexom, rax xe xax Hemen ocranercx Hemenom, a Bam ocra-
nercx Bamom. Hrax, Hex +ro nsnecrnax mecrnocrt na rep-
pnropnn Apanncxoro nonyocrpona.
K cnonm cnonam xouy oannrt rontxo ro, uro x nsyunn
crapte n conpemennte
234
xaprt mycyntmancxoro mnpa, copan-
nte npo]eccopom Xycenom Mynncom n Arnace ncnamcxo nc-
ropnn, n onapyxnn, uro nspenne Hexom nastnancx rontxo
onn pernon. Ecnn namn nosnannx rnyxe nosnann yuentx re-
orpa]on, ro yocrore nac uecrn n nosnaxomtre c nnmn.
B-enxrtx, n xonne nam onnonenr yxastnaer, uro My-
xamma nn Iaynnaxxa osnaxomnncx c rpyamn Hn Temnn
n Hn an-Kanma, xoropte ero noronxnynn x noccrannm
235

npornn napnnmnx nopxxon, xax cxasano n nnrare: On noccran,
urot oportcx c noxtm +rnx nepoorcrynnnxon n xstunnxon,
urot pasnexrt comnennx nx yuentx n nocneonarene nx mxo-
nt. B pyro nnrare cxasano: On pemnn ornernrt +rn oman-
mnxam, noxnonxmmnmcx mornnam n nosnennunnammnm cosa-
nnx nmecre c Annaxom. Menx ynnnxer noonax espaccynax
cmenocrt; xax nt moxere nastnart nenepntmn mycyntman, ne
nmex nnxaxnx xcntx onoon? Hsnecrno, uro Myxamma nn
Iaynnaxxa onnnnn n xstuecrne Iycmana nn Xama nn
Marmapa n ynn ero, xora ror ntcrynan c nxrnnuno nponone-

234
Cm. Arnac 3nxapra 99.
235
a, x ne comnenamct n rom, uro +rn xnnrn oxasann na nero nnnxnne. Ona-
xo npornn xoro xe on noccran? Hpornn rnpanon nnn xe npornn essamnrntx
nme?
100
tm n meuern. ymam, nam ne cneyer nanomnnart, uro npe-
nnctnaer mapnar sa npenamepennoe yncrno. Baxxanrcxoe
nnxenne noxnnnoct n Hexe n nponnno xpont mnornx nennn-
ntx nme, nt camn npnsnann, uro nam nexncxn napo
tn norpxsmnm n xstuecrne. uro xe xacaercx Mexxn n Mennt,
ro x ne ymam, uro nt onnnnre ee xnrene n +rom rpexe. B nro-
re mt npnxonm x ntnoy, uro Hex no npenonrentcrnom
Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa nonropno orcrynnncx or penn-
rnn; nouemy xe nt npoonxaere ero samnmart?
B-ecxrtx, x naroapm cnoero onnonenra sa ro, uro on
npnstnaer menx x cana]nrcxo axte, a, x nyxamct no nare,
no ne cneyer satnart, uro n ocnone mxont moero onnonenra
nexnr yuenne Hn Temnn, a n ocnone monx yexenn na-
cnene nspannoro n uncremero ns npopoxon, nepeannoe nm
cnonnxnnxam, a or nnx ranrnnam. Kpome nero x raxxe nmem
oxecrnennoe nncanne, xoropoe nnxora ne yer ncxaxeno.
Hcnam ocnoonn uenonexa or xomnnexca cneonannx sa npexa-
mn n nenen, cneyx npnmepy Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), cnyxnrt Annaxy:
IhkeZggbd :eeZoZ h[jZaph\uc ijbf_j ^ey \Zk, ^ey l_o, dlh
\haeZ]Z_l gZ^_`^u gZ :eeZoZ, [\_jbl \ ijboh^] Km^gh]h ^gy b
ihfbgZ_l :eeZoZ fgh]hdjZlgh (33:21), no+romy mycyntmannn
ne onxen cneonart sa nonom no nmenn Hn Temnx, rontxo
rora ero pennrnx yer nepno. Bt xe n xauecrne npnmepa ns-
npaere nmenno Hn Temnm n ero yuennxon n nastnaere +ro
cana]nsmom.
Vnaxaemt par, mo nyrt ornnuaercx rem, uro x cneym
sa Hpopoxom (c.r.c.) n ne npenounram emy mnennx yuentx; ec-
nn nx mnennx nepnt, x nx npnnnmam, ecnn ner, ro ornepram.
Mexy mno n monm Iocnoom ner nnxaxoro nocpennxa. uro
xe xacaercx rnoero nyrn, ro on ocnonan na mnennn uenonexa no
nmenn Hn Temnx, rt cunraemt, uro Kopan n cynny cneyer
nonnmart rontxo uepes npnsmy nonnmannx cana]on
236
. 3nare,

236
3rn cnona nocroxnno nonropxmr mnorne cana]nrt, ero xe nponarannpy-
er onn ns nx mexon Iapaxnm ar-Taxxan. 3nare xe, uro nce naro n cne-
onannn Kopany n cynne npopoxa (c.r.c.) Kaxono xe yer nama pennrnx,
ecnn mt nocneyem sa Hn Temne n ero yuennxamn, npononennxamn ca-
101
uro nce naro n cneonannn Kopany n cynne, uro xe xacaercx
Hn Temnn n Hn an-Kanma, ro ecnn t onn tnn samnment
or omnox, ro crann t npopoxamn, na camom xe ene onn co-
nepmnnn rpyemne omnxn. Hmenno onn saxnnnn, uro n xstu-
nnxn, n nenepnte ocront pacxo narpat, rora sauem xe
nam oportcx c xstunnxamn n, noome, uro xe npecrannxer co-
o xstuecrno n namem nonnmannn?
Kax nnnre, oporne unrarenn, naxxanrcxoe yuenne
nmeer marxym ocnony, ono nocrpoeno na ]anarnunom cneona-
nnn Hn Temnn, xoropt ne tn samnmen or omnox, on n ero
nocneonarenn, ncrpeuax xanct, npornnopeuamne nx yuennm,
ncxaxann nx, a net +ro narnax npenamepennax noxt n ornome-
nnn Hpopoxa (c.r.c.)
<gbfZgb_: iZfylgbd bklhjbb
(H ^_ygbyo \ZooZ[blh\ \ emq_aZjghc F_^bg_)
C camoro nauana +xcnennnn nocroxoneon n mycyntman-
cxnx crpanax nccneonann pasnnunte xstuecxne ncropnuecxne
namxrnnxn. Ono ns nene +rnx +xcnennn tno nnecenne
mexoyconnt n pxt mycyntman. Hmenno naroapx nm uacrt
mycyntman tna oxnnena noromxamn ]apaona, uacrt norom-
xamn xnrene Bannnona, uacrt accnpnnen, uacrt mymepon n
rax anee. Onn napot oxasannct noromxamn anron, pyrne
camynron, ro ecrt nocroxonet xorenn noxasart, uro xxot
pasnnunte mycyntmancxne napot noome nnuro ne oennx-
er.
a, mt nce +ro nonnmaem. 3rn nmn ntrannct nnecrn
mycyntman n sanyxenne noromy, uro Hcnam xnnxercx xonxy-
penrom n npornnnnxom sanano nyecxo-xpncrnancxo nnnn-
nnsannn. H noxya mt nnnm +roro xonxypenra, y nac ecrt nos-
moxnocrt emy npornnocroxrt. Ho uro enart c remn, xro nana-
aer na namy mycyntmancxym nnnnnnsannm nsnyrpn? uro e-
nart c remn, xro ynnuroxaer mycyntmancxne ncropnuecxne nc-

na]nsma, xoropte tnn anexn ne rontxo or npemen cnonnxnnxon no n ra-
nrnnon?
102
rounnxn n saornrcx o coxpanennn nyecxnx? a, n Hanecrnne
enpen paspymamr mycyntmancxne namxrnnxn ncropnn, no, x ne-
nnuamemy coxanennm, ro xe camoe nponcxonr na semne nyx
nennuamnx mycyntmancxnx cnxrtnt. Ocoenno cnntno +ro nt-
paxeno n Menne, nmenno ram naxxanrt npnnoxnnn cnon ycn-
nnx n ynnuroxennn mycyntmancxnx ncropnuecxnx namxrnnxon.
Komy-ro rpyno npnnxrt ro, uro x ronopm, onaxo +ro rax, n
nnxe yyr npnneent npnmept.
B Menne naxxanramn tnn ynnuroxent mnorne ncro-
pnuecxne namxrnnxn, mt t cornacnnnct, ecnn t nx paspyma-
nn nx roro, urot ynennunrt meuert Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) nnn xe
nocrponrt pyrne meuern. Ho +rn nmn nnuero noonoro axe
ne samtmnxmr, enncrnenntm nx xenannem xnnxercx ynnuro-
xenne roro, uemy, no nx mnennm, mycyntmane moryr noxnonxrt-
cx. 3rn nmn xxot cneymr npnmepy Iymapa nn an-Xarraa,
nenenmero cpynrt epeno, no xoroptm tna npnnecena npncx-
ra Pnnan. He satnare, uro +ro ne ocronepnax ncropnx, no-
romy uro nenouxa xanca npeptnaercx (mynxartr)
237
. Paspymax
mycyntmancxne namxrnnxn ncropnn, naxxanrt n ro xe npemx
nospoxamr enpecxne n nnnemepcxne, a, nt ne ocntmannct.
Hrax, nacrano npemx npnnecrn npnmept.
1. Meuern.
Baxxanrt paspymnnn mnorne ncropnuecxne meuern, a
nmecro nnx nocrponnn anromonntnte croxnxn. B uncne +rnx
paspymenntx meuere Bamc, Cannxr an-naar, Iypc, uatx.
Ecrt ocronepnte pnnaxrt, nornepxammne ror ]axr, uro
Hpopox (c.r.c.) conepman n +rnx meuerxx monnrnt, xaxoe xe
npano nmenn naxxanrt nx paspymnrt? H, ecrecrnenno, nentsx
paspymart meuern nx roro, urot na nx mecre crponrt anromo-
nntnte croxnxn. A onot ornocnrentno roro, uro mycyntmane

237
3ry ncropnm npnnonr Hn Ay Baa (2/73/2) nenouxa xanca npeptna-
ercx mexy Ha]nrom n Iymapom, a, xax nsnecrno, raxne xanct cunramrcx
cnatmn. a, xoneuno an-Anann ntraercx ocnopnrt cnaocrt +roro xanca n
cnoe xnnre Taxsnp ac-caxn,137 138, onaxo cymecrnyer pnnaxr or
Hn Iymapa, xoropt orpnnaer ror ]axr, uro nmn nauann xonrt x +romy
epeny, n, xoneuno xe, an-Anann nonepraer +ror pnnaxr comnennm.
103
mornn t noxnonxrtcx +rnm ncropnuecxnm namxrnnxam, xnnx-
mrcx noxntmn: ecnn t nentm mycyntman tno noxnonenne
ncropnuecxnm namxrnnxam, ro n nepnym ouepet onn crann t
noxnonxrtcx Kaae n meuern Hpopoxa (c.r.c.).
2. om Cara nn Xacamt.
3ro om, n xoropom ocranonnncx Hpopox (c.r.c.) cpasy xe
nocne roro, xax npntn n Menny. On naxonncx n nanarn me-
rpax o meuern Kya, nosnee na ero mecre tna nocrpoena me-
uert, xoropax crana ncropnuecxnm namxrnnxom, cnnerentcrny-
mmem o npntrnn Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) n Menny. Ho ner, naxxan-
rt, paspymnnmne mycyntmancxym axty, pemnnn ynnuroxnrt n
ncropnuecxne namxrnnxn, +ra meuert tna paspymena n oxrxpe
1987r., a na ee mecre nosnenn anrocroxnxy.
3. Konont.
Baxxanrt paspymnnn cneymmne xonont:
Konoen Apnc
238
- +ro xonoen, pacnonoxennt n nyx
mnnxx or Mennt
239
, +ro nmenno ror xonoen, n xoropt Iyc-
man nn Ia]]an
240
cnyuano yponnn nepcrent Hpopoxa (c.r.c.)
Ac-Camxyn no +romy nonoy nncan: B namn nn +ror xonoen
nsnecren xax Kna, ero noa cunraercx camo nxycno n Men-
ne
241
. Baxxanrt xe ncnyrannct, uro mycyntmane naunyr no-
xnonxrtcx +romy xonony, no pasne nt xora-nnyt nnenn my-
cyntman nnn, onee roro, nenepntx, noxnonxmmnxcx xononam?
Konoen Iypc
242
- +ro nnunt xonoen nocnannnxa An-
naxa (c.r.c.), on pacnonoxen na nonmnnn nocrounee meuern Kya.
Hn Car n Ar-Taaxar an-xypa
243
paccxastnaer o rom, uro
Hpopox (c.r.c.) nnn ns +roro xonona n narocnonnn ero. Hepea-
ercx or Hn Iymapa, uro Hpopox (c.r.c.), cnx y xpax +roro xo-

238
Cm. Ac-Camxyn. Ba]a an-na]a. C. 942 949.
239
Hn Xnan. Ac-Cnxar. 2/294.
240
Hpnnonrcx y an-Fyxapn, Mycnnma, Ay aya, an-Hacan n Hn Cara.
241
Ac-Camxyn. Ba]a an-na]a. C. 984; n cnoe xnnre paccxasy o +rom
xonone on ornonr cemt crpannn.
242
Tam xe. C. 978 981.
243
Hn Car. Ar-Taaxar an-xypa. 1/502; n cnoe xnnre on ynomnnaer nce
narocnonennte xonont, ns xoroptx nnn npopox (c.r.c.)
104
nona, cxasan: 3ro noutm x nnen con, xax yro x cnxy y o-
noro ns ncrounnxon Pax - nmeercx n nny xonoen Iypc. Or Hx-
pnmt or Hn Iaaca nepeaercx, uro Hpopox (c.r.c.) cxasan:
Konoen Iypc +ro onn ns ncrounnxon Pax, or Iymapa nn
an-Xaxama nepeaercx, uro Hpopox (c.r.c.) cxasan: a, xonoen
Iypc xnnxercx onnm ns ncrounnxon Pax, a ero noa xnnxercx
camo nxycno. Kora cnonnxnnxn omtnann reno Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.) nocne cmeprn, ro noy pann nmenno ns +roro xonona
244
.
Hepeaercx or Carna nn Paxnma or Anaca nn Mannxa: Mt c
Hpopoxom (c.r.c.) npnmnn n Kya n nanpannnnct x xonony
Iypc, Hpopox (c.r.c.) cnen na ocne, a mt nontrannct ocrart
noy, onaxo, not ne tno, rora Hpopox (c.r.c.) cnonocnyn
por, ntnnmnyn noy n nepo n ntnnn ero coepxnmoe n xono-
en, n npyr xonoen nanonnnncx noo
245
. Baxxanrt xe, ap-
rymenrnpyx cnon ecrnnx onacennem nepe xstuecrnom, pas-
pymnnn +rn xonont. Kaxoe npano onn nmemr paspymart my-
cyntmancxne ncropnuecxne namxrnnxn?
4. Xonm nyunnxon n nemepa ropt Vxy.
Peut ner o xonme, na xoropom croxnn nyunnxn no npemx
nrnt npn Vxye. 3ror xonm nmen orpomnym ncropnxo-
xyntrypnym nennocrt n anan mycyntmanam nosmoxnocrt eme
pas nsnneut ypoxn ns npnunn nopaxennx n nrne npn rope Vxy-
e, mycyntmane eme n eme pas ocosnanann neoxonmocrt no-
unnennx Hpopoxy (c.r.c.). Hentm xe naxxanron xnnxercx ynnu-
roxenne ncex mycyntmancxnx xyntrypno-ncropnuecxnx namxr-
nnxon, nmenno no+romy onn cnecnn +ror xonm n ceuac coxpa-
nnnact nnmt neontmax uacrt. uro xe xacaercx nemept ropt
Vxy, xoropym nmxr mycyntmane, n xoropax nmnr mycyntman,
n x xoropo nonxncx Hpopox (c.r.c.) nocne nrnt npn Vxye, ro
naxxanrt saxptnn ee pasnnuntmn nocrpoxamn.
5. Pon n crena nyuesapno Mennt.

244
oxasarentcrnom romy cnyxar xanct ns rnant Ma xaa ]n an-xanans
ns copnnxa Hn Maxn n n pyrom pnnaxre y Hn Cara.
245
Hn Xnan. Ac-Cnxar. 5/50, nomep 3804 n pnnaxre or Anaca nn Ma-
nnxa.
105
Menncxn pon npecrannxn coo namxrnnx mycynt-
mancxo noenno xyntrypt, Hpopox (c.r.c.) nnuno yuacrnonan n
nocrpoxe +roro pna, no nor npomno yxe necxontxo ner, xax
naxxanrt sanannnn ero semne. Eme onnm xyntrypno-
ncropnuecxnm namxrnnxom, ynnuroxenntm naxxanramn
246
, xn-
nxercx menncxax crena, x coxanennm, n menncxne nopora, n
meuert, naxonnmaxcx nns nee, n 1984r. tnn paspyment, a
nmecro nnx tna nocrpoena anrocroxnxa
247
.
AZ[hlZ h _\j_ckdbo bklhjbq_kdbo iZfylgbdZo
B ro xe npemx naxxanrt saorxrcx o coxpannocrn ncro-
pnuecxnx namxrnnxon, ocranmnxcx nocne nyeen n nnnemepon.
B uacrnocrn pxom c xpenocrtm noxx nyeen Mennt
Kara nn an-Ampa]a ycranonnena rannuxa: Bnnmanne: ncro-
pnuecxn namxrnnx. 3anpemaercx nanecenne ymepa +romy na-
mxrnnxy, nocxontxy on naxonrcx n xoponencxom cnncxe ncro-
pnuecxnx namxrnnxon, N 26, ara: 12/6/1392 (24/7/1972r.).
uro xacaercx ncropnuecxnx namxrnnxon, cnxsanntx c nn-
nemepamn, ro xouercx nanomnnrt, uro nnnemept neanexo or
meuern Kya nocrponnn meuert tpap. Baxxanrt, naunnax c
mnxpaa paspymnnn meuert Kya, a nanpornn meuern tpap no-
crponnn nonym meuert, xoropax nxnmunna n cex +ry meuert.
Her comnennx n rom, uro mapnar sanpernn noonoe, Annax n
Kopane cxasan: Hnxora ne ntcranna n ne monnrny. Baxxa-
nrt xe nocrynnnn naoopor, nnmnnn mycyntman meuern, na-
rocnonnenno Hpopoxom (c.r.c.) n nmecro nee nosponnn meuert
nnnemepon. Her cnnt n morymecrna nn y xoro, xpome nennxoro
Annaxa.
ute +ro nenenne? utx nnnnnarnna?

246
Koneuno, no npemx npopoxa (c.r.c.) +ro crent ne tno, ona tna nocrpo-
ena nocne ero cmeprn, no necmorpx na +ro ona raxxe npecrannxna coo na-
mxrnnx mycyntmancxo ncropnn. Houemy-ro nexoropte nmn npenounramr
ynnuroxart mycyntmancxne ncropnxo-xyntrypnte namxrnnxn, no n ro xe
npemx saorxrcx o coxpannocrn nyecxnx.
247
3ra meuert naxonnact pxom c ernnercxnmn noporamn, a cnecena ona t-
na rontxo sa ro, uro uenonex, nocrponnmn ee, an e nasnanne Meuert ua-
rtmt.
106
V unrarenx moxer nosnnxnyrt nnonne cnpanennnt no-
npoc. Ho ute nnnnnarnne, no utemy npnxasy nce +ro enaercx?
Orner: +ro enaercx no nnnnnarnne n npnxasy noromxon
Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa. B o]nnnantnom yxase cayn-
cxnx nnacre no nomepom M3/9696, nonncannom mexom Ia-
ynrasnsom nn Iaynno nn Xacanom, rnano nncnexnnn
noyxennx x naromy (amp n an-marpy]), cxasano: Hpnxa-
stnam xosxnna caa, n xoropom naxoxrcx ne nantmt, noca-
xennte Canmanom an-uapncn, nnmnrt +ro uacrn caa n npe-
nparnrt ee n ropocxo napx, uro nosnonnr nam nsannrtcx or
cneon ynomxnyrtx nantm. He ynnnxer nn +ro nac? C xaxnx
+ro nop rnana nncnexnnn noyxennx x naromy nauan nc-
nonnxrt oxsannocrn renepantnoro apxnrexropa? C xaxnx +ro
nop, on onxen pemart, re cnocnrt meuert n re crponrt anro-
croxnxy? uro xe xacaercx rex nantm, ro sna, oporo unrarent,
uro onn xnnxmrcx caxennamn, nocaxenntmn camnm Hpopoxom
(c.r.c.) B ocronepnom xance, nepeannom Axmaom or Maxmy-
a nn Hxna n Iaynnt nn Iaaca, paccxastnaercx: .n
ro npemx Canman tn paom n nponycrnn nrnt npn Fape n
Vxye. Ho+romy Hpopox (c.r.c.) noconeronan emy saxnmunrt co
cnonm xosxnnom oronop. Canman paccxastnaer: ' saxnmunn c
nnm oronop, uro yy ocnooxen nocne roro, xax nocaxy rpn-
cra nantm n oram emy copox oxnen
248
. Tora Hpopox (c.r.c.)
nenen cnonnxnnxam nomout mne, n onn nauann npnnocnrt no
rpnnart, nanart, nxrnanart, ecxrt pocrxon nantm, xaxt
npnnocnn crontxo, cxontxo mor noxeprnonart. Kora y menx na-
panoct rpncra nantm, Hpopox (c.r.c.) cxasan: Hn ntxona nx
nnx nynxn, n x nnuno yy caxart nx. Mon pystx nomornn mne
ntxonart nynxn, nocne uero mt crann noanart Hpopoxy (c.r.c.)
pocrxn, a on nx caxan. xnxnyct Annaxom, n pyxax xoroporo
yma Canmana, nn onn ns +rnx pocrxon ne ymep. '
249
Her, x
coxanennm, oporo par Canman, naxxanrt ynnuroxnnn no-

248
Mepa neca pannax 12 npxamam nnn 37,44r. Apacxo pyccxn cnonapt,
Fapanon B.K., 1994 r. 1, c. 39.
249
Hpnnonrcx y Hn Iaynappa n ar-Taapann, nce nepearunxn naex-
nte nmn.
107
cnenne nantmt, ocranmnecx nocne nac. Houemy xe, oporo
unrarent, naxxanrt pemnnn ynnuroxnrt nmenno nantmt, no-
caxennte Hpopoxom (c.r.c.)? Heyxenn rontxo +ro mecro noxo-
nr nx ycrpoennx ropocxoro napxa?
Bor raxnm opasom naxxanrt ntnonnxmr cnom ncropn-
uecxym mnccnm n Menne
250
, nx roro urot nocrenenno ncxo-
pennrt namxrt o Hcname n +rom ropoe. Ha mecre +rnx ncropn-
uecxnx namxrnnxon ceuac nosneent conpemennte sannx, an-
rocroxnxn, marasnnt xnncon n cnraper c apomarom mea. B ro
xe npemx naxxanrt ouent pennocrno ornocxrcx x nyecxnm
ncropnuecxnm namxrnnxam, xoropte npnsnant mnpono ncro-
pnuecxo nennocrtm, n pxom c nnmn ycranonnent rannuxn
Bnnmanne. Hamxrnnx ncropnn
251
.
Ih^`h] ZjZ[kdhc [b[ebhl_db \ k\ys_gghc F_dd_
Kax tno cxasano ntme, naxxanrt ouent ycepnt n nc-
xaxennn n nsmenennn xaprt mycyntmancxoro mnpa, ocoenno
+ro xacaercx Mexxn n Mennt. anee mt xenaem paccxasart o
rom, xax onn nocne nnenennx xoponx Iann nn an-Xycena co-
xrnn mycyntmancxym nnnorexy.
Bo npemx saxnara naxxanramn Mexxn tno ynro ouent
mnoro nn n uem nenonnnntx nme, nepe saxnarom ropoa +rnx
enxr nexoropoe npemx mopnnn ronoom, n pesyntrare uero onn
tnn ntnyxent ecrt meprneunny n coax
252
. Hocne nsxrnx ro-
poa naxxanrt nocrapannct ynnuroxnrt nce mycyntmancxne
ncropnuecxne namxrnnxn, xpome meuern an-Xapam. C nentm
ounmennx mycyntmancxoro cosnannx naxxanrt pemnnn
ynnuroxnrt xnaest mycyntmancxo mtcnn, ony ns xpynne-
mnx n peuamnx mycyntmancxnx nnnorex mnpa, apacxym
nnnorexy n Mexxe. Ona tna coxxena.

250
He mentmne snoexnnx onn conepmnnn n n Mexxe.
251
Tem, xro xenaer ysnart ontme, mt coneryem oparnrtcx x xnnre Iymapa
Iaynxanpa an-Marpnn An-Acap an-naannx annxrn xaamaxa an-xyxm
ac-Caryn ]n an-Manna an-mynayyapa (Cnet npopoxa (c.r.c.), ynnuro-
xennte cayncxnmn nnacrxmn n Menne).
252
Cm. pasen o saxnare Mexxn.
108
uro xe coepxanoct n +ro nnnorexe?
Ha camom ene +ro tno ontme, uem nnnorexa, +ro
tn mnnaper mycyntmancxo mtcnn. Fnnnorexa coepxana
60000 pexnx xnnr, 40000 pyxonnce, uacrt ns xoroptx npnna-
nexana cnonnxnnxam Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) n tna sanncana c ero
cnon, pyrax uacrt npnnanexana npanentm xann]am n pyrnm
caxaam. Cpen nnx tnn pyxonncn, nanncannte na mxypax ra-
sene, xocrxx, xamnxx, epenxnntx n rnnnxntx omeuxax, xpo-
me +roro n nnnorexe xpannnnct pexne ncropnuecxne nennoc-
rn, cnxsannte c ncnamcxnm n oncnamcxnm nepnoom
253
. Pasne
xro-nnyt sa ncm ncropnm Hcnama conepmnn noonoe?
254

3ra nnnorexa cunranact camo esonacno n mnpe,
nmenno no+romy n nee cnosnnnct peuamne xnnrn co ncero mn-
pa, n c ee rnentm mycyntmane norepxnn mnorne peuamne py-
xonncn n pyrne ncropnuecxne nennocrn. Onn nce tnn coxxe-
nt +rnmn nmtmn, xoropte axe ne ymenn unrart n nncart.
Bor raxym nnsocrt n nxocrt conepmnno nocxo, nos-
rnannxemoe xonom unnnnnn, renept nt n camn moxere ye-
nrtcx, nacxontxo npaxeno ornocnnnct naxxanrt xo ncemy,
uro cnxsano c Hcnamom. Taxoe ornomenne x mycyntmancxo
xyntrype npoxnnxercx n nx ecrnnxx axe o cnx nop, nnnort
o namnx ne naxxanrt cxnramr xnnrn mycyntmancxnx anro-
pon, ne noepxnnammnx nx yexennx. Bt n camn moxere
yenrtcx n +rom, ecnn npncmorpnrect x ecrnnxm ocotx
nopasenenn nonnnnn n a+ponoprax, xora re nponepxmr a-
rax mycyntman, npntnmnx nx conepmennx xaxa. Kpome ro-
ro, naxxanrt ncxaxamr n nsnpamamr xnnrn xnaccnuecxnx my-

253
oxrop Myxamma Iy an-Xart. Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa an-
rapanx an-xanc. C. 189; Hactp ac-Carn. Tapnx An Cary. C. 180.
254
3axnnennx o rom, uro monront coxrnn mycyntmancxym nnnorexy n Far-
ae xnnxmrcx neocronepntmn. Cm. xypnan An-Iapan, mapr 1999, c. 128
130, crartx Xant arnx]a an-maryn xaxxan maxraar Fara? (ecrnn-
rentno nn, monront ynnuroxnnn aracxym nnnorexy?, anrop Iayn-
mynrnm an-Arcam. Cneonarentno, +ro snepcrno conepmnnn rontxo naxxan-
rt.
109
cyntmancxnx anropon, onn nx nsamr, no nepe +rnm nnmnee
yanxmr, a nonesnoe nx cex oannxmr.
=eZ\Z lj_lvy.
Bklhjby \ZooZ[bafZ
Bex Myxamma Xycen Kamn] an-Iara cxasan: Ecnn
t +rn nmn npnnnmann xcnte onot, ro mt nanonnnnn t
+rnmn onoamn nente roma xnnr, n +rn onot tnn t xcnee
conneuntx nyue, no +rn nmn ne npnnnmamr nnuero, xpome
nyx onoon, meua n nnapa. nx onnx mt npnmenxem onn
ono, nx pyrnx pyro
255
. B nenom ncropnx naxxanron
ouent npocra, onn es npnunnt oxnnnn osnonenno xpont
mycyntman, +rn nmn ynnamr mycyntman n maxr xstunnxon
n rnopxr npoune neuecrnx, nnxe mt npnneem cnon oxasa-
rentcrna.
A\_jkl\Z \ZooZ[blh\ \ fmkmevfZgkdbo kljZgZo
Qlh [m^_l_ \eZ^_lv b \eZkl\h\Zlv gZih^h[b_ lbjZ-
gh\? (26:130).
Or naxxanrcxoro nnxennx nocrpaann mnorne mycynt-
mancxne crpant. C camoro momenra noxnnennx +ra rnycnax cexra
npenna mycyntmanam, ynnana nx n rpanna. Bese, xya mornn
opartcx, onn cexnn reppop, nnora ynnuroxannct nente nne-
mena, xax, nanpnmep, +ro cnyunnoct c nnemenamn an-Iaxman,
an-Xanann
256
n An Pamn, +rn cotrnx nnnort o Cynoro nx
ocranyrcx nosopntm nxrnom n ncropnn naxxansma.
Baxxanrcxn reppop xnnxercx pesyntrarom nx noxno
axtt, noxntx yexenn, net, xax nsnecrno, cornacno nx
yuennm, nce mycyntmane, ne nocneonanmne sa nnmn, cunramrcx
xstunnxamn, a cneonarentno nocxrarentcrno na nx xnsnt,
nmymecrno n xen cunraercx osnonenntm. Ecnn xro-nno xena-

255
Xypnan Typacyna, nomep 4 (13), ro rpern, Bannant 1408r. (ma
1988r.), c. 186.
256
Axma Ay Xaxa. Hmmar am-mnxa. C. 74 75. Cornacno nayuntm an-
ntm, an-Xanann ncuesnn c nnna semnn n 1204r. (1790r.) n mecreuxe Iapnmnn.
110
er noponee ysnart o rom, xax onn onnnxmr mycyntman n ne-
nepnn, ro coneryem oparnrtcx x xnnre Maxmyra ap-pacann na
an-macann an-naxnx
257
, Iynnan an-max ]n rapnx
Hax
258
. Hs +rnx xnnr unrarent ysnaer o rom, xax naxxanrt
ornocnnnct x mycyntmanam n xaxne yxact ntnann na onm no-
cnennx. He satnare o rom, uro nce noxot conepmannct
rontxo nocne narocnonennx Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa.
Anrop Iynnan an-max. yxastnaer: Hmenno on roronnn
nocxa n nanpannxn nx. On nncan nnctma rnanam nacenenntx
nynxron, onn emy orneuann, npnctnann enerannn n npnesxann
n rocrn. On npoonxan cno xnxa o rex nop, noxa sa nnm ne
nocneonan nect Hex
259
.
Hcropnx naxxansma nonna noontx cotrn, nanpn-
mep o rpaexax 1169 roa (1756r.) Hn Famap nnmer: Cary
ntcrynnn co cnonm nocxom n cropony an-Xapax, n nyrn on
ysnan o mnorouncnennom xapanane, ntmemem ns an-Hxca n
npnnanexanmem xnrenxm an-Xapaxa, an-uapra n pyrnx no-
cenxon. On co cnonmn nonnamn nocreper xapanan y ncrounnxa
ac-Cannma, n xora ror tn nnsox, nanan n ncex ynnuroxnn. A
uro tno antme, Hn Famap? antme on nnmer: Hocne +roro
onn saxnarnnn nce nmymecrno xapanana, nce rxann n nepnm-
on
260
.
pyro npnmep: Hn Famap, onnctnax cotrnx 1212r.
(1797r.), ronopnr: Xan nn Kapmana conepmnn noxo n Xn-

257
B +ro xnnre nsnaramrcx mpnnuecxne ntnot nexncxnx naxxanr-
cxo-xamannrcxnx yuentx, re onn npnxoxr x ntnoy, uro conpemennte nm
mycyntmane xnnxmrcx nenepntmn, a cneonarentno, nx neoxonmo ynnart.
unrax +ry xnnry, nt camn moxere yenrtcx n rom, xaxo uyonnmnt saro-
nop onn ycrponnn npornn nce mycyntmancxo ymmt. 3ra xnnra nnepnte
tna nsana n Ernnre n 1349r. (1931r.). Hosnee 4/6/1409r. (12/1/1989r.) rna-
no neomcrna uern, npnstna n nacrannenn no nomepom 5/621 tno a-
no paspemenne na rperte nsanne +ro xnnrn n nsarentcrne ap an-
ractma n +p-Pnxe. 3ro oxastnaer, uro naxxanrt npoonxamr cnom ex-
rentnocrt n +rom nanpannennn.
258
O ne mt yxe ronopnnn ntme.
259
Iynnan an-max.. 1/91.
260
Tam xe, 1/79.
111
xas na epennm an-Faxym, re ynn ontmoe uncno myxunn. ue-
pes na mecxna on nnont nanan na +ry epennm, ynn xnrene n
ynen c coo mnoxecrno nepnmon n onen
261
.
Eme onn npnmep, xoropt npnnonr naxxanrcxn nc-
ropnx, nonecrnyer o cotrnxx 1245r. (1829r.): B +rom roy no
nenennm rypenxoro nmama Myxamma nn Ia]ncan c orpxom
mycyntman nanan na xapanan nymn ns Fanapa
262
an-Iaxnp, n
xoropom tno necmernoe uncno orarcrn
263
.
Bor rax nocrynann nexncxne xapnxnrt, xoropte
necnn mnpy ennooxne. Onn ne rnymannct nn mnorouncnen-
ntm xapananom, nn nepnmamn n onnamn, nn ecuncnenntmn
orarcrnamn, nn rem onee xpontm nennnntx mycyntman. Kax
yro onn ne cntmann cnon Annaxa: <hbklbgm, l_, dlh \hx_l
ijhlb\ :eeZoZ b ?]h IhkeZggbdZ b l\hjbl gZ a_fe_ g_q_klb_,
[m^ml \ \ha^Zygb_ m[blu, beb jZkiylu, beb m gbo [m^ml hl-
jm[e_gu gZdj_kl jmdb b gh]b, beb hgb [m^ml ba]gZgu ba kljZ-
gu. B \k_ [wlb gZdZaZgby] ^ey gbo \_ebdbc ihahj \ wlhf fbj_,
Z \ [m^ms_c `bagb [`^_l] bo \_ebdh_ gZdZaZgb_ (5:33).
A\_jb, g_ \_^Zxsb_ fbehk_j^by
Baxxanrt raxxe ornnunnnct n rem, uro napymann oro-
nopt, nsxrte na cex oxsarentcrna. Onn ynnann nme, xoro-
ptx camn xe nsxnn no cnom samnry, ynnann nnenntx
264
n
crpenxnn n cnnny erymero npornnnnxa
265
. Mycyntmannn no

261
Tam xe, 1/111.
262
Mnna.
263
Iynnan an-max.. 2/35.
264
B ornnune or nenepntx, nnenntx mycyntman ynnart sanpemeno. Kax nn-
nm, nexncxne xapnxnrt opamannct c mycyntmanamn, rax xe xax c
nenepntmn.
265
Kax nsnecrno, +ro sanpemeno. Anrop xnnrn An-Var, c. 17 18, nnmer:
Cornacno rpeonannxm mycyntmancxoro mapnara, mycyntman, conepmnnmnx
ontmne rpexn, nra, cneyer npnsnart x ncnpannennm. Ecnn onn nounnxr-
cx, ro nmemr re xe npana n oxsannocrn, uro n pyrne mycyntmane. Ecnn xe
onn ne nounnxrcx rpeonannxm mycyntmancxnx nnacre, ro rnana nnpane
oxnnrt nm nony, no axe n +rom cnyuae osnonenno cranonnrcx rontxo
nx xpont. Bonnt ne nmemr npana npnxacartcx x nx nmymecrny, erxm, xenam
112
nmenn Farran ac-Caxnn nonpocnn samnrt y onoro ns nsnecr-
ntx naxxanron no nmen Hn Xnnn, ror cornacnncx nsxrt ero
no cnom samnry, n onn ornpannnnct n narept naxxanron. Kor-
a xe onn oxasannct n marpe naxxanrcxoro noxx, ro ynomxny-
rt mycyntmannn tn ynr. Bor rax naxxanrt nocrynamr c
mycyntmanamn, xoroptx camn xe nsxnn no cnom samnry.
Hpnneem npnmep roro, xax naxxanrt crpenxnn n cnnny
erymero npara no npemx nrnt an-rnma. Hn Famap nnmer:
Onn nepnynnct x xnrenxm an-Kactma n cenann nn, uro xorxr
saxnmunrt mnpnt oronop nnn xe norocrnrt y nnx. Ho n ror
xe mnr nx xnrene +roro cenennx nauancx npexenpemennt
saxo connna, ntnt croxna cronom, mycyntmane nanann na xn-
rene an-Kactma, re n ncnyre pocann cnon cemtn n nmymecrno,
a mycyntmane nx ynnann. Kora xe noexennte nauann e-
xart, mycyntmane pocnnnct nx npecneonart n rex, xoro ne
ynnn yapom n rpyt, ynnann yapom n cnnny. B ror ent t-
no ynro mnoxecrno nparon, na xaxoro nonna npnxonnoct no
nanart ynrtx, nx tno axe ontme, uem npn nsxrnn +p-
Pnxa. Kax nnnre, n rnasax naxxanron xnrenn an-Kactma ne
sacnyxnnann mnnocepnx, axe no npemx ercrna. Bor raxon on,
nont, naxxanrcxn Hcnam. Tax onn nocrynann c pocrnennt-
mn nnemenamn, a uro xe rora morno xart ocrantntx mycynt-
man?
anee, oporo unrarent, mt yem paccxastnart o rom,
uro nxycnnn pyrne mycyntmane or pyx naxxanron, npnuem
cctnartcx mt yem rontxo na nx xnnrn
266
.
Djh\hijheblb_ \ f_q_lyo
Vxacaer ror ]axr, uro naxxanrt ycrponnn reppop npo-
rnn nanomnnxon nnyrpn meuern an-Xapam, or nx meue ne cnac-
nnct nn crapnxn, nn xenmnnt. 3a uro xe onn nx ynnann? a
rontxo sa ro, uro onn, cneyx cynne Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), npounn cy-

n ne nmemr npana ynnart erymnx. Ecrt nn y naxxanron noonte saxo-
nt n npnnnnnt?
266
Mt ne npecneyem nentm conmenne xpononornuecxo nocneonarent-
nocrn.
113
py Ar-Taya (Hoxaxnne) n ntpasnnn cno nporecr n orno-
mennn nyeen n xpncrnan. Taxona naxxanrcxax axta, npnuem
Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa onnnxn n nenepnn n xstuecrne ne
rontxo npocrtx mycyntman, a onnnnn axe Aama n Eny (cm.
ero xnnry ar-Tanxn (Ennooxne)
267
. Bce +ro enanoct
rontxo nx roro, urot oxnnrt osnonenntm yncrno my-
cyntman, rpaex nx nmymecrna n nacnnne na nx xenamn. anee
mt xornm npnnecrn nexoropte nnrart ns xnnrn Tapnx Hax
mexa Xycena nn Iannama
268
, n nepno uacrn +ro xnnrn on
nnmer o nponsneennxx Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa, a no
nropo o naxxanrcxnx nonax
269
. Ornercrnenntm sa ntnycx
+ro xnnrn xnnxercx mex Iaynrasns nn Iaynna, noromox
Hn Iaynnaxxaa.
Bex Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa cxasan: Boncrnny
Iycman nn Myrammap
270
, npannrent Iyxnt, nenepnt xstu-
nnx. Kora mycyntmane yennnct n rom, uro +ro npana, ro
pemnnn ero ynrt. On tn ynr n paxae 1163r. (nmnt 1750r.)
n meuern, nocne nxrnnuno monnrnt. Hn Famap yxastnaer:
Kora on nponsnec npnnercrnne n xonne monnrnt, ro ynomxny-
rt uenonex ynn ero.
271
o +roro nmn rouno rax xe, n meue-
rn, npearentcxn tn ynr axxam nn ayyac, npannrent +p-
Pnxa, xora on tn n epenymxe an-Iapn, x nemy tn noo-
cnan naxxanrcxn ynna.
Kax nnnre, +rn nmn ne rnymamrcx axe yncrnom my-
cyntman npxmo n meuerxx. Camn noymare, pasne mor trt
npannrent Iyxnt nenepntm nnn xstunnxom? Bet ero ynnn n
meuern, nocne nxrnnuno monnrnt
272
. axe camomy nenexecr-

267
Fonee nopono cm. n rnane Hosopnte crpannnt xnnrn 'Ar-Tanxn.
268
Onn ns ]axnxon n no+ron an-Hxca, ym. 1811r.
269
1746 1797rr.
270
Ero onee nepnoe nmx Iycman nn Xam nn Myrammap. Hn Famap,
Iynnan an-max., 1/8.
271
Iynnan an-max .1/23.
272
Hn Famap. Iynnan an-max.. 1/13; yxastnaer, uro nepe +rnm npa-
nnrent Iyxnt npnesxan x Myxammay nn Iaynnaxxay nx saxnmuennx
oronopa, rem camtm on xenan oesonacnrt xnrene cnoero cenennx or rep-
114
nennomy mycyntmannny nsnecrno, uro n nepnym ouepet nepoor-
crynnnxa npnstnamr x noxaxnnm, a ne ynnamr npearentcxn. H
pasne moxer trt nenepntm uenonex, ynrt n meuern?
Ho Hn Iaynnaxxay axe +roro tno ne ocrarouno:
On co cnonm nocxom npnmen n Iyxny n nenen paspymnrt sa-
mox Hn Myrammapa
273
.
Hocne +roro Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa nocrannn ram
cnoero npannrenx, no xnrenn noccrann, n rora +ror uenonex ne-
nen paspymnrt cenenne nmecre co ncemn xnrenxmn, n sanpernn
orcrpannart ero nnont
274
. Kommenrnpyx +ror noxo, Myxamma
nn Iaynnaxxa cxasan: Hpannrenm Iyxnt Iycmany nn
Myrammapy cxasann, uro na ero epennm nannramrcx nonunma
capanun, a on, nocmexnmnct, cxasan: Mt ntnycrnm cnonx xyp,
xoropte cxnmmr +ry capanuy. Tora Annax pasrnenancx n na-
cnan na +ro cenenne nonunma capanun, xoropte cenn ero nmec-
re co ncemn xnrenxmn
275
. Pasne spanomtcnxmn uenonex mo-
xer npnnxrt noonoe. He npana nn, ntrnxnr ouent rnyno.
axe ecnn npannrent Iyxnt n cxasan noonoe, pasne +ro xn-
nxercx rpexom? Pasne sa +ro ero moxno onnnxrt n nenepnn n
npearentcxn ynnart n meuern? H xora cnyuanoct raxoe, uro
capanua noeana crent omon, nme n npouee?
Knxnyct Annaxom, xpome xoroporo ner pyroro oxecrna,
noneenne Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa ouent cnntno nano-
mnnaer npaxy nocroxoneon n ornomennn Hcnama, raxoe omy-
menne, uro onn nomorann pyr pyry n ocymecrnnennn cnonx
nene.
Taxnm opasom naxxanrcxne nocxa n anee mnn nyrem,
yxasanntm nx noxem, ne rnymaxct yncrna mycyntman n me-
uerxx
276
, onee roro, nt, nanepnoe, nomnnre, xax onn ynnn my-
cyntman epenent Faa Hacnn n am-Byraa n mecxne pamasa-

popa naxxanron, no ononnrent pennrnn, nyumn ns nme, ne npnnxn ero
onpanannx.
273
Iynnan an-max.. 1/43; Hn Iannam. Tapnx Hax. T. 2. C. 57.
274
Hactp ac-Carn. Tapnx An Cary. C. 21.
275
Ar-Taxnn. An-unpxa an-naxxanx ]n xnmar mann?. C. 31 32.
276
urot ysnart noponee cm. Iynnan an-max., 2/67.
115
ne
277
, xora re conepmann yrpennmm monnrny. Ho+romy ne yn-
nnrentno, uro naxxanrt oxasannct cnocontmn ynrt cornn
crapnxon n xenmnn pxom c meuertm an-Xapam. H neynnn-
rentno, uro Hn Fas nsan ]erny, paspemammym ynnart xnre-
ne Hpaxa, xora re conepmamr monnrny n meuern. Hmenno no-
+romy x npnstnam ncex omanyrtx mycyntman oymartcx n or-
peutcx or +rnx nme, net ecnn nt nomoraere nm, ro nt nomo-
raere ynnart mycyntman, a n onom ns xancon no +romy nonoy
cxasano: Kro xorx t nononnno cnona tn npnuacren x npo-
nnrnm sanperno xponn, y roro na ny n Cynt ent yer na-
nncano: 'Hnmen naext na mnnocrt Annaxa
278
. Hn Iaac
no nonoy uenonexa, ynnmero nepymmero, cxasan: Pasne nx
nero ecrt noxaxnne? cntman, xax Hpopox (c.r.c.) cxasan: B
Cynt ent ynna yer ramnrt na cee ynroro nm uenone-
xa, a ror, ncrexax xpontm, yer ronopnrt: Cnpocnre ero, sa uro
on menx ynn. B raxom nne +ro tno nncnocnano, n Annax
nnuero ne ormenxn (npnnonrcx y an-Hacan n Hn Maxn).
Axma nepeaer or Myannn: Annax npomaer nce rpexn, xpome
nenepnx n npenamepennoro yncrna nepymmero. Or Ay Ca-
rna an-Xypn n Ay Xypapt nepeaercx, uro Hpopox (c.r.c.)
cxasan: Ecnn t onrarenn neec n semnn nponnnn t xpont
xorx t onoro nepymmero, ro Annax nx ncex nnepr t n oront
Aa. Hmenno no+romy Hn Iaac cunran, uro noxaxnne ueno-
nexa, ynnmero nepymmero, neecrnnrentno. Mycnnm nepeaer
or Carna nn xyapa: cnpocnn y Hn Iaaca: Moxer
nn noxaxrtcx ror, xro npenamepenno ynn nepymmero?. H on
ornernn: Her. Tora x npouen emy axr: L_, dhlhju_ g_ \au-

277
Cm. pasen Bex xon unnnnnn.
278
Hpnnen ar-Taapann n An-Kanp, 11/79, or Hn Iaaca n pyrnx, or
Ay Xypapt npnnonrcx n nne: Kro nomor ynrt nepymmero.; n raxom
xe nne ero npnnonr an-Faxaxn n Ac-Cynan an-xypa, 8/22, Ay rnx n
cnoem copnnxe, 10/306, Hn Maxa n Ac-Cynan, 2/874. B copnnxe nmama
ap-Panra nn Xana no nomepom 960 or xanpa nn 3aa npnnonrcx
xanc mypcan: Kro xorx t nononnno cnona nomor ynrt nepymmero, y
roro na ny n Cynt ent yer nanncano: Hnmen naext na mnnocrt
Annaxa.
116
\Zxl gZjy^m k :eeZohf d ^jm]hfm [h]m, g_ m[b\Zxl q_eh\_dZ,
dhlhjh]h :eeZo aZij_lbe [m[b\Zlv], _keb lhevdh hg g_ aZkem-
`b\Z_l wlh]h ih ijZ\m (25:68). On mne ornernn: 3ro mex-
xancxn axr, on tn ormenen menncxnm: : _keb dlh m[v_l
\_jmxs_]h ih mfukem, lh \haf_a^b_ _fm Z^, ]^_ ij_[m^_l hg
\_qgh. :eeZo jZa]g_\Z_lky gZ g_]h, ijhdeyg_l _]h b m]hlh\bl
_fm \_ebdh_ gZdZaZgb_ (4:93).
G_^`^
Xnrenn a-aprnn, nosrnannxemte Hn Caryom n Hn
Iaynnaxxaom, nauann nounnxrt cee Hex. Hpn +rom onn,
ne rnymaxct, es npeynpexennx nanaann na pocrnennte e-
ynncxne nnemena. Orpxt naxxanron ynnann ncex, onaxt
onn no omnxe nmecro nnemenn Iyraa nanann na nnemx ap-
Payxa
279
. B pernone napnn xaoc, ecxrxn nme tnn ynrt, a
nx nmymecrno pasrpaneno
280
. Cnon ecrnnx onn onpantnann
rem, uro xnrenn pasrpanenntx cenenn orxastnannct nnarnrt
saxxr npannrenm a-aprnn. Ha camom xe ene onn ne tnn
oxsant +ro enart, nocxontxy xnnn no nauanom cnonx pyxo-
nonrene.
Hex nspenne cnannncx rem, uro tn pernonom, nace-
nenntm noontmn pasonnxamn, npanentx nme ram tno
ouent mano. Mt ne xornm nncart o +rom pernone cnnmxom
mnoro n coneryem unrarenm oparnrtcx x nepno uacrn xnnrn
Iynnan an-max. (crp. 21, 23, 25, 34, 35, 40, 44, 45, 46, 47,
49, 52, 56, 58, 59). anee na crp. 60 61, onnctnax cotrnx
1187r. (1773r.), anrop nnmer: B +rom roy Iaynrasns co cno-
nmn nocxamn ocann +p-Pnx n onroe npemx epxan ero xnre-
ne n ocae, no npemx xoropo onnaen nexoroptmn amnxmn,
saxnarnn an-Mapxa n ynnuroxnn mnornx myxunn, nacenxnmnx
+ror paon. anee on paccxastnaer o ercrne xnrene +p-
Pnxa n ecrnnxx naxxanrcxnx nocx: Hocne +roro xnrenn
+p-Pnxa no rnane c npannrenem exann n nycrtnm ac-Caxa n
nanpannnnct n an-Xapax. 3ro tno nerom, no+romy mnorne ns

279
Iynnan an-max.. 2/117.
280
Tam xe. 2/67.
117
nnx ymepnn or ronoa n xaxt.
281
A nor uro cnyunnoct a-
nee: Bocxa nocneonann sa erymnmn n crann nx ynnart, sa-
npax cee nmymecrno. Hocne +roro Iaynrasns nx oxpant
omon ntcrannn narpyntntx o]nnepon, n naroapx +romy emy
ocrannct nce oma n naxoxmeecx n nnx nmymecrno. Xnrenn
+p-Pnxa tnn xanannramn, no naxxanrt cunrann nx xstunn-
xamn, no axe ecnn t +ro tno npano, ro n uem tna nnna
ere, nornmnx or ronoa n xaxt?!! Ho xaxomy npany onn
ornpann nmymecrno xnrene +p-Pnxa, nx oma n nantmt
282
?!!
Ob^`Za
Hanaenne na Menny
Xnxas cunraercx narocnonenntm pernonom, nocxontxy
n nem pacnonoxent na cnxrtx ropoa Mexxa n Menna, onaxo
n n nero roxe nroprnnct naxxanrt
283
:
Hyuesapnax Menna ropo Hpopoxa (c.r.c.)
Baxxanrt, cneyx npnmepy sna nn Myannn, nosno-
nnnmero cnonm nocxam n reuenne rpex ne ynnart xnrene
Mennt, nanann na +ror cnxmennt ropo
284
. Hn Famap, onn-
ctnax cotrnx 1220r. (1805r.), yxastnaer: Onn pemnnn noenart
c mennnamn, n c +ro nentm Iaynrasns nenen neanexo or

281
Mne ne ocraercx nnuero, xpome roro urot cxasart: Her oxecrna, xpome
Annaxa. Anrop ntpaxaer ropocrt conepmenntm. Onaxo nam nsnecrno, uro
nnxro ns mycyntman ne conepman noontx snepcrn, rax nocrynann rontxo
cept n ornomennn xnrene Kocono.
282
Kpome roro, ecrt cnnerentcrna o rom, xax naxxanrt conepmann paso-
nnutn ntnasxn npornn xnrene +roro ropoa. Hn Famap n Iynnan an-
max. (2/76) nnmer: B mecxn Pamasan 1253r. (1837r.) onn orpesann nce
nocrynt x +romy ropoy n axe nanann na ero xnrene, ntmemnx ns ropo-
a nx roro, urot copart pona. 3arem onn ynnn n rex, xro npnmen nm na
nomomt. Hecmorpx na ro uro y uacana tna ontmax apmnx, xnrenn +p-
Pnxa onontno onro epxann oopony. Ho ncxope ropo nan no nropo
pas.
283
Cm. Iynnan an-max., 1/179, 186, 187, 188, 189.
284
Baxxanrt, ocoenno re, xro xnner n Kynere, n cnonx npononexx n nex-
nnxx ouent uacro nocxnanxmr sna, pasne onn ne cntmann, xax nmam Axma
cxasan cnoemy ctny: Pasne moxer nmnrt sna uenonex, nepymmn n An-
naxa n cynt ent?
118
Mennt nocrponrt xpenocrt, x nanaammnm npncoennnnnct
xnrenn Kyt. Onn orpesann nce nyrn x Menne n ycrponnn ee
noxay, xoropax sarxnynact na necxontxo ner. uepes nexoro-
poe npemx nauanact nepenncxa mexy Caryom nn Xacanom
Kantrn, Axmaom ar-Taxpom n xasnxmn, xoropte n xoneunom
nrore tnn ntnyxent npncxrnyrt naxxanram
285
.
Bor raxnm opasom naxxanrt pemnnn saxnarnrt ropo,
xoropt Hpopox (c.r.c.) oxnnn sanperntm. Onn orpesann nyrn
x +romy ropoy, nanaann na ncex, xro ntrancx ero noxnnyrt, n
n xoneunom nrore uepes necxontxo ner xnrenn tnn ntnyxent
cartcx n npncxrnyrt Caryy. Moxer, naxxanrt cranyr yr-
nepxart, uro xnrenn Mennt roxe tnn nepoorcrynnnxamn?
Kaxax nnsocrt nanacrt na ropo, xoropt tn oxnnen sa-
nperntm camnm Hpopoxom (c.r.c.)!!
An-Xanaxnx
Hn Famap nnmer: B 1228r. (1813r.) Cary co cnonm
nocxom, copanntm co ncex xonnon npocnynmerocx Hexa,
nanpannncx n an-Xanaxnm, pacnonoxennym pxom c Menno. B
xpenocrn +roro ropoa croxn rypenxn rapnnson, nosrnannxemt
Iycmanom Kamn]om, a pxom c nnsnexamnm nooemom xnnn
nnemena Xap. Kouennnxn, ysnan o npnnnxennn nocx, exann
nmecre co cnonmn nepnmamn, uro xe xacaercx ocentx xnre-
ne, ro mycyntmane nanann na nnx n oropann nce naennoe
nmymecrno. H anee: Hocne +roro Cary noxnnyn an-Xanaxnm
n no nyrn n Menny saxnarnn nmymecrno xouentx nnemen Xap.
Kora ero nocxo npnnnsnnoct x rope Vxy, na nnx nanan ry-
penxn rapnnson n nnemx Xap, nm yanoct ynrt rpnnart my-
cyntmancxnx ncannxon, nocne uero nocxo Carya tno nt-
nyxeno exart n Menny. antme Hn Famap paccxastnaer o
rom, xax +ro nocxo noxnnyno Menny: 3arem onn nanpannnnct
n onnny ac-Ca]pa, re coxrnn mnoxecrno nantm n ynnn mno-
xecrno nme. Hocne +roro onn nanpannnnct n an-Xappy n ocra-
nonnnnct y ropoxa ac-Canapnxa, xoropt cpasy xe ocannn.
Onn crann xeut nantmt n paspymart oma, nnx +ro, xnrenn

285
Hn Famap. Iynnan an-max.. 1/137.
119
cornacnnnct orart nononnny cnoero nmymecrna n ntnnarnrt
ant. Cary nponen sect eme necxontxo ne, pasennn nony-
uennoe nmymecrno ns pacuera ncannxam n na pasa ontme uem
nemnm, a sarem noxnnyn +ror ropo
286
. B 1231r. (1815r.) naxxa-
nrcxne nocxa, nanpannxxct n Xnxas, nnont nanann na an-
Xanaxnm n saxnarnnn onen n nemnoro nepnmon
287
.
Ca]nna
uepes ro naxxanrt conepmnnn nont naer na nycrt-
nm, npnnanexanmym nnemenam Xap. Hn Famap no +romy no-
noy nnmer: B 1229r. (1816r.), nesaonro o cmeprn orna, Ia-
ynna nn Cary nmecre c Iann nn mex Myxammaom
288
no
rnane nocxa mycyntman Hexa noxnnyn a-aprnm n nanpa-
nnncx n Xnxas, re nnont nanan na nnemena Xap neanexo or
epennn Ca]nna. Emy yanoct saxnarnrt mnoxecrno nepnmon
n onen, nocne uero on nenaonro saepxancx n Ca]nne
289
. Bor
raxnm opasom nonnt, necymne mnpy ranxn, rpannn nn n
uem ne nonnnntx nme.
Typa n Xnsa
3ro ne neontmne epennn, pacnonoxennte n Xnxase.
Baxxanrt nanann na nnx n xonne marana 1337r. (1919r.), yn-
nn ontmnncrno xnrene, coxrnn nantmt n pasrpannn nmyme-
crno. B ono rontxo Type tno ynro onee rpex rtcxu ueno-
nex. Baxxanrt naxasann xnrene Typt sa ro, uro onn oxasann
noepxxy nocxam mapn]non, nosrnannxemtm Iaynno nn
an-Xycenom. Kaparentnym onepannm nosrnannn onn ns xec-
rouamnx naxxanron uacan a-annm
290
.


286
Iynnan an-max.. 1/162 163.
287
Tam xe. 1/186 187.
288
Kax nnnre, pyxn mexa Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa n ero noromxa
roxe ncnauxant xpontm mycyntman.
289
Iynnan an-max.. 1/179.
290
An-Xart. Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa. C. 188. Hn Famap nnmer
o +rom, xora paccxastnaer o cotrnxx 1229r., Iynnan an-max., 1/180
181, ram xe 1/188-189 nt moxere npouecrt o nx snepcrnax n ornomennn
xnrene Xnxasa n 1232r.
120
LZbn (M[bckl\h mq_guo b ^_l_c)
Baxxanrt, xax onn ronopxr, urot ocnoonrt or xst-
uecrna, nanann na Tan] (na camom xe ene onn ounmann ero or
Hcnama). B ro npemx Tan] cunrancx nnaennem mapn]na Iann-
a nn Mycarna, npannrenx Mexxn. Mexy nnm n naxxanramn
tnn saxnmuent oronopt, onaxo necmorpx na +ro n syntxara
1217r. (]enpant 1803r.) onn nanann na +ror ropo n ycrponnn n
nem pesnm, ynnann ncex: n myxunn, n xenmnn, n ere, ynna-
nn axe mnaennen, saxantnax nx npxmo na renax marepe
291
.
Onn ynnn ncex: n rex, xro ntrancx cxptrtcx n meuern, n rex,
xro ntrancx cxptrtcx n cnoem ome. Ferymnx ns ropoa oronx-
nn n onnann. uacrn xnrene ropoa tna oemana samnra, no
xora re cannct, nononnna raxxe tna ynra. Ocranmnxcx
myxunn n xenmnn ntrnann n nycrtnm n sacrannnn onaxnrt-
cx
292
. Hocne +roro na ropo nanann eynnt-mapoept, onn sa-
xnartnann nce, uro naxonnn, a ony nxrym narpanennoro or-
anann cnoemy npenonrenm. 3rnm nmxm cxasann, uro n ropo-
e cnpxrano sonoro, n onn nauann ncxart ero axe no ]yna-
menramn omon. Hocne nx namecrnnx na ynnnax ropoa nanxnnct
pasopnannte pennrnosnte xnnrn n crpannnt Kopana
293
.
Hactp ac-Carn, noromox onoro ns xnrene Xannx
294
,
nepeaer, uro eynnt, nocne roro xax ntpesann nce nacenenne
ropoa, nauann orpyart xenmnnam pyxn nx roro, urot cnxrt
c nnx paronennocrn; necmorpx na +ro onn tnn ouent naox-
ntmn nmtmn, nocxontxy ncnonnxnn monnrny nonpemx n co-

291
Myxcnn an-Amnn. Kam] an-nprnx. C. 18, co cctnxo na mexa Ax-
maa nn 3ann axnxna.
292
An-Xart. Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa. C. 178.
293
oxrop Myxamma Iay an-Xart. Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa an-
rapanx an-xanc. C. 178 n 233; Xann]a uax. xaxnm an-xyxm ac-
Caryn ya nnpan an-naxxanx. Ac-Ca]a, Honon. C. 187 188.
294
Ftnmn npecearent Acconnannn napoon Apanncxoro nonyocrpona,
17/12/1979r. naxxanrt ntxpann ero ns Fepyra. 3ro ne ynnnrentno, mexa
as-3axan onn raxxe ntxpann, ntrann, orpesann uacrn rena, a sarem ynnn.
Cm. Kpaxa as-3axan n xommenrapnxx x xnnre Ac-Canarnx an-nnxxnx.,
c. 24.
121
nepmann omonenne noo, xoropax tna xpacno or xponn nx
xeprn
295
.
An-Xaaparn n cnoe xnnre Tapnx raxan an-acap ]n
ar-rapaxnm ya an-axap nnmer: Xnrenn Tan]a oxastnann
conpornnnenne naxxanram n reuenne rpex ne, sarem ropo
nan, nce myxunnt tnn ynrt, a xenmnnt n ern nnenent. Tax
onn nocrynann co ncemn, xro oxastnan nm conpornnnenne
296
.
Bo npemx +ro pesnn tnn ynrt mex Iaynna as-
3anann, ma]nrnrcxn my]rn Mexxn
297
, mex Iaynna Ayn-
xap, xasn Mexxn, mex xar]ap am-Ban, ocrantntx onn
ynnn nocne roro, xax nooemann nenpnxocnonennocrt
298
. Pac-
cxastnamr, uro no npemx +ro pesnn tnn ynrt nce ctnontx
mexa Iaynxanpa am-Ban, n on, urot cnacrn cnom
xnsnt, nomen na xnrpocrt. Kora naxxanrt copannct ero xas-
nnrt, on sannaxan, onn ns nnx cnpocnn: Houemy rt nnauemt, o
nenepnt? - on ornernn: nnauy or paocrn. Fpartx, x ncm
cnom xnsnt nponen n nenepnn n xstuecrne, no Annax noxenan,
urot x ymep nepymmnm-ennooxnnxom. Annax nennx. Her
oxecrna, xpome Annaxa, nanaun, nnx +ro, pacnnaxannct, na-
uann ero onnmart, nenonart n nospannxrt c npnnxrnem Hcna-
ma
299
.
Pasne nepymmn uenonex tn t cnocoen ynrt n orpa-
nrt +rnx ennooxnnxon? Bce +ro nnmt uacrt saronopa npornn
ncnamcxoro mnpa, opynem ocymecrnnennx xoroporo crann
nexncxne xapnxnrt: ;_^mbgu - mihjg_crb_ \ g_\_jbb b
ebp_f_jbb b gZb[he__ kdehggu_ g_ ijbgbfZlv ij_^ibkZgbc,

295
Taxon xapnxnrcxn ]nxx.
296
Myxamma An Iann. Mnn axap an-Xnxas ya Hax ]n rapnx an-
xaaparn. C. 90. ap an-mama, nsanne nepnoe.
297
Hcnonnxn oxsannocrn my]rnx o mexa Axmaa nn 3ann axnxna.
298
Cen Hpaxnm ap-Pann ap-Pn]arn. An-Aypax an-aranx ]n an-xayanc
an-naxnx. C. 2 4. An-Haxax, Fara, 1345r. (1927r.). Bce ynomxny-
rte yuente tnn n Tan]e no ro npnunne, uro n +rom ropoe y nnx naxon-
nnct nernne pesnennnn.
299
Hex ya mynxaxaryxa. C. 333; Ac-Cana]nx ana axn ac-cynna ya an-
nmamnx. C. 347; An-Hcnam ya an-yacnx ac-Carynx. C. 116.
122
gbkihkeZgguo :eeZohf K\h_fm IhkeZggbdm. <_^v :eeZo agZ-
xsbc, fm^juc (9:97).
Xpncrnancxne n enpecxne xosxena, rnanapn naxxansma,
pacctnann cnon nocxa no ncemy pernony, a naxxanrt noxopno
mnn n ncxopenxnn Hcnam. Onn ns npenonrene naxxansma,
xon unnnnnn
300
n cnoe xnnre Aparyna raman ]n an-
xasnpa an-rapanx nnmer: Hocne roro xax mt norepxnn ncx-
uecxym naexy na noepxxy co cropont Xycena, pemnnn
ncnontsonart nocxo parten
301
, nosrnannxemoe Xannom nn
Hma, uacanom a-annmem n Cynranom nn Faxaom. Onn
ycrponnn noxasarentnym pesnm n Tan]e, xoropax onxna tna
ncennrt crpax n cepna eme nenoxopenntx eynnon n oner-
unrt sanoenanne ocrantntx ropoon Xnxasa. Hocne roro xax
Xycen orxasancx npoart Hanecrnny enpexm, anrnncxne nnac-
rn pemnnn nmo neno nnmnrt ero npecrona n nnnxnnx, a +ro
rpeonano snaunrentnoro xpononponnrnx. Xycen orxasancx
npnnxrt namn rpeonannx n nacroxn na rom, uro xenaer rontxo
oennennx ncex apacxnx sement no cnoe nnacrtm
302
. Xpn-
crnane n nyen ocrnrnn cnonx nene, nm yanoct sanoenart
Mexxy, cxeut peuamym mycyntmancxym nnnorexy, a raxxe
conepmnrt pyrne exnnx, ynomxnyrte n +ro xnnre.
F_ddZ (@bl_eb F_ddb ih_^Zxl ljmiu b kh[Zd)
Hepe rem xax ocanrt Mexxy, naxxanrt nepexptnn nce
nyrn x ne n nexoropoe npemx nanaann na nanomnnxon. B My-
xappam 1220r. (anpent 1805r.) nauanact noxaa ropoa, ncex
nanomnnxon n nanpannxmmnxcx n ropo nauann nnennrt n yn-
nart. uro xe xacaercx nonoxennx xnrene ropoa, ro ono tno
yxacntm, onn tnn ntnyxent sa ecnenox npoanart cnoe
nmymecrno n paronennocrn, n sa ouent ntcoxym neny npno-

300
Bosrnannn naxxanrcxoe nnxenne nocne rnenn xannrana Bexcnnpa n
1915r.
301
Bocxo parten tno uem-ro npoe nocx Mycanamt, xoropoe raxxe
ynnuroxano mycyntman n or pyx xoroporo nornnn mnorne cnonnxnnxn
npopoxa (c.r.c.), no n nrore +rnx npnrecnnrene ynnuroxnnn pyrne npnrec-
nnrenn.
302
Hactp ac-Carn. Tapnx An Cary. C. 193 n 359.
123
perart npoyxrt, urot naxopmnrt cnonx ere. Mnorne xnre-
nn ropoa ymepnn or ronoa, na ynnnax nanxnnct rpynt ere.
Baxxanrcxn ncropnx Iycman an-Haxn nnmer: Mxco ocnon
n meprneunna npoanannct no netnano ntcoxnm nenam, xnrenn
ropoa tnn ntnyxent noeart axe coax. Hmn crann cro-
ponnrtcx +roro ropoa, uncnennocrt ero xnrene cnntno coxpa-
rnnact
303
.
Kro paspemnn nanaart na Mexxy n ocaxart ee xnre-
ne? Pasne nm ne tno nsnecrno, uro Hpopox (c.r.c.) cxasan:
Boncrnny Annax orpann Mexxy or nocxa cnona, no orxptn ee
nx cnoero Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) 3ror ropo tn sanperntm o menx
n ocranercx sanperntm nocne menx. Annax rontxo na uac cenan
ero osnonenntm pan menx, no npn +rom mne ne tno paspeme-
no pynrt epentx n axe ronrart xonmuxn. Ecnn n +rom ropoe
xro-ro yer ynr, ro nno cemte ynroro npeocrannxercx nt-
xyn, nno ona cama ntnocnr npnronop
304
. Kro nosnonnn +rnm
rononopesam, ne snammnm saxonon, mrypmonart Mexxy? Kro
nosnonnn ononrt xnrene ropoa o raxo crenenn, uro onn
tnn ntnyxent ecrt mxco ocnon, meprneunny n coax n axe
ne nmenn nosmoxnocrn ypart rpynt cnonx ere c ynnn?
Fonee roro, na naxxanrcxnx nonxonona (Iycman an-
Myan]n, xoropt nosnee cran npannrenem Tan]a n Hn
Baxan) nanann na nanomnnxon, naxonnmnxcx n Apa]are, n
ynnn ncex, xro orxasancx nm nounnnrtcx, anee nx nocxa no-
mnn n onnny Myppa n nauann ynnart ncex, xro nanpannxncx n
Mexxy, n pesyntrare uero xnrenn Xnxasa crann oxrtcx co-
nepmart xax. B xoneunom nrore +mnp xaxa orxasancx npnnxrt
ycnonnx naxxanron n nepnyncx n Bam
305
.
Hocne onro noxat mapn]n Iann nn Mycarn tn
ntnyxen nnycrnrt naxxanron n Mexxy n npnnxrt nce nx ycno-
nnx, n uncne xoroptx tn sanper na ynomnnanne Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.) nocne nponsnecennx npnstna na monnrny, noromy uro

303
Hn Famap. Iynnan an-max.. 1/135.
304
Hpnnenn an-Fyxapn, Mycnnm n pyrne.
305
Cen Myxcnn an-Amnn. Kam] an-nprnx. C. 27.
124
+ro, no mnennm naxxanron, xnnxercx neosnonenntm nonmecr-
nom.
C momenra saxnara pernona naxxanramn n nem nonapnn-
cx xaoc, no ncxope, xora tn ocaxena nx cronnna a-aprnx,
nm npnmnoct noxnnyrt Mexxy
306
. Hocne nx yxoa mapn]nt
nepnynnct n Mexxy n axe nontrannct nepnyrt Tan], no nm +ro
ne yanoct, xorx onn n cmornn orcroxrt xny.
B 1226r. (1811r.) na reppnropnm Apanncxoro nonyocr-
pona nomnn ernnercxne nocxa, xoroptm yanoct snaunrentno
ocnanrt naxxanron n samnrnrt Mexxy n Menny or nx nocxra-
rentcrn
307
. Hopasenennx ernnercxo apmnn naxonnnct na
reppnropnn Apanncxoro nonyocrpona o 1234r. (1819r.), xora
tnn ntneent, n naxxanrt n 1343r. (1925r.) nnont saxnarnnn
Mexxy. uepes ro onn saxnarnnn Menny, sarem nsrnann mapn-
]na Iann nn an-Xycena n Hpax n saxnarnnn xny.
Vnaxaemt unrarent, nsnecrno nn nam, xro nosrnannxn
naxxanrcxne nocxa no npemx nsxrnx Mexxn? 3ro tn xpncrna-
nnn, anrnnuannn Canr xon unnnnnn, xoroporo naxxanrt na-
stnann mexom Iaynno. Kora nexoropte ns eynncxnx
mexon ocynnn nocemenne xonom unnnnnn Mexxn, noena-
uantnnx naxxanron nm ornernn: Fpartx-mycyntmane. Ecnn
t ne +ror uenonex, mex Iaynna unnnnnn, ro nam noome ne
yanoct t nsxrt +ror ropo. On npecrannrent anrnnuan, ne-

306
Hosnee nponsomno nacroxmee sanoenanne Mexxn. Kora mapn]n Iann
nn an-Xycen naxonncx n xne, naxxanrt nepexptnn oporn c ono
cropont, a anrnnuane c pyro, no+romy emy npnmnoct cartcx, npnnxrt
nce ycnonnx, n n 1924r., noxnnyn Apanncxn nonyocrpon, ornpannrtcx n
Hpax.
307
Ernnrxne yxe ne n nepnt pas samnmann rnannte mycyntmancxne cnxrt-
nn. B maran 908r. (xnnapt 1503r.) nnemena eynnon ns roro xe camoro
Hexa nanann na Mexxy n ynnn nauantnnxa rapnnsona, ernnrxnnna. Hocne
+roro onn ony sa pyro crann sannmart nnsnexamne epennn. Touno ra-
xo xe cnyua nponsomen n 347r. (958r.), nesaonro o nonapennx nnacrnn
xapmaron. Kaxt pas Annax anan ernnrxnam nosmoxnocrt samnrnrt my-
cyntmancxne cnxrtnn.
125
yxenn nt xornre, urot x rnennn ero n oxnannn namero o-
nontcrna?
308

Bsxrne Mexxn nexncxnmn xapnxnramn eme ne sna-
unr, uro nce xnrenn Xnxasa nx noepxann. Baxxanrt o cnx
nop xnrene +roro pernona nastnamr cy]nxmn n nnxora ne o-
nycxamr nx o onxnocrn nmama n meuern an-Xapam, onn ncera
cranxr cnoero uenonexa-naxxanra
309
. Tax onn ornocxrcx xo ncem
mycyntmanam. Bet mycyntmane ne npnsnamr naxxanrcxym
epect, no+romy naxxanrt nx napexamr xapnxnramn, cy]nxmn,
pa]nnramn n npounmn nmenamn, uro xe xacaercx yuentx Xn-
xasa, ro onn naxxanron nastnamr nexnramn n xapnnramn
310
.
:e-BokZ
Baxxanrcxn ncropnx, onnctnax cotrnx 1176r.
(1762r.), ronopnr: B +rom roy Iaynrasns no rnane cnonx
nocx nanpannncx n an-Hxca. Ocranonnnmnct n mecreuxe ar-
Tapa]an, on nauan ynnart mecrntx xnrene, tno ynro oxo-
no cemnecxrn myxunn n xon]ncxonano mnoro nmymecrna. Ho-
cne +roro on nanan na an-Mapas, re raxxe ynnuroxnn mnoxe-
crno myxunn.
311

Onnctnax cotrnx 1198r. (1783r.), on ronopnr: B +rom
roy Cary no rnane mycyntmancxoro nocxa nanpannncx n cro-
pony an-Hxca, pannnm yrpom on nnesanno nanan na xnrene an-
Iymn, saxnarnn mnoxecrno cxora, nponnanra, pasnnuntx neme
n paspymnn nx oma.
312


308
Cen Ay an-Ianx ar-Taxnn. An-unpxa an-naxxanx ]n xnmar man?.
C. 116.
309
Hsnecrno, uro n naxxanrcxnx crpanax xnnyr n ma]nrnrt, n mannxnrt, n
xana]nrt, n mnnrt, n npoune. Hpecrannrenxm +rnx mxon paspemaercx nsy-
uart n npenoanart rontxo xamannrcxoe yuenne, raxona naxxanrcxax repnn-
mocrt.
310
Kapn por, ro ecrt nmeercx n nny xanc Hpopoxa (c.r.c.): Hmenno orry-
a nter por carant. - n.n.
311
Iynnan an-max.. 1/46.
312
Tam xe. 1/78.
126
O cotrnxx 1202r. (1787r.) on paccxastnaer: Hocne +ro-
ro, noxnnyn Karap, on
313
nanpannncx n an-Hxca, nanan na xnre-
ne epennn an-xycca n ynn mnoxecrno myxunn
314
.
Hocne +roro on onnctnaer cotrnx 1210r. (1795r.) n pac-
cxastnaer: .conart, cnx nepxom na cnonx xnnorntx nce
ononpemenno ntcrpennnn ns cnonx pyxe. Or snyxa ntcrpenon
sarpxcnact semnx, n y mnornx epemenntx xenmnn nocenxa an-
Hxca cnyunncx ntxntm. Hocne +roro Cary co cnonmn nocxa-
mn nanpannncx n ap-Paxnxa, re saepxancx na necxontxo
ne. B +ro npemx onnx on nenen xasnnrt, pyrnx ntcennrt,
rpertnx saxnmunrt n rmptmy. V neyrontx on ornnman nmy-
mecrno, paspyman oma, cronn yxpennennx. Kpome roro, on o-
noxnn nx nanoramn pasmepom n rtcxun npxemon. anee anrop
paccxastnaer, xax on ynnan nme, n +ro nocne roro, xax onn
cannct: .onnx ynnann npxmo n nocenxe, pyrnx npnnonnn
x marpy Carya n npn nem orpyann nm ronont, n nrore uncnen-
nocrt xnrene nocenxa ocranact nesnaunrentno. Bo npemx +ro-
ro noxoa Cary sannaen necmerntmn orarcrnamn
315
.
cno, uro ononpemennt pyxent sann tn cenan
nx roro, urot nanyrart xnrene +roro pernona, no n uem xe
nnna ere, xoropte axe ne ycnenn ponrtcx? Taxona naxxa-
nrcxax pennrnx, rouno raxo xe cnyua Hn Famap npnnonr,
xora paccxastnaer o noxoe naxxanron n an-Xapax, na nx ny-
rn oxasanact epennx Xapama: Kora nacrano yrpo, Iaynna
nenen ncem nmemmnm nnnronxn nponsnecrn ononpemennt
sann, or xoroporo corpxcnact semnx, n mnorne epemennte yna-
nn n omopox. Taxnm opasom, ouent nerxo +ra epennx tna sa-
xnauena.
316
pyro nonpoc: pasne moxno ynnart ennoox-
nnxon, rem onee nocne roro xax onn yxe cannct? Taxon naxxa-

313
Hmeercx n nny Cyneman nn Ia]ncan co cnonm naxxanrcxnm nocxom.
314
Iynnan an-max.. 1/83.
315
Tam xe. T. 1. C. 106.
316
Tam xe, 1/67.
127
nrcxn reppop, xnnxmmncx nnoom pyx xpncrnancxnx o]nne-
pon. Her cnnt n morymecrna, xpome xax y Annaxa
317
.
Dm\_cl
Kyner raxxe noneprcx nanaennm naxxanron, xoropte
raxxe ynnann, rpannn, nacnnonann, nnennnn nennnntx nme,
nacenxnmnx +ror pernon, n pacnpocrpanxnn cnon naxxanrcxym
pennrnm. Hx nanaennx na Kyner npnxoxrcx na nepnym uer-
neprt rpnnanaroro nexa no xnxpe (xonen 18n. nauano 19n.).
Baxxanrt conepmnnn naern na Kyner n 1205r. (1790r.),
1208r. (1793r.), 1212r. (1797r.), 1213r. (1798r.), 1223r. (1808r.).
Bo npemx nocnenero noxoa naxxanrt omnn o an-xaxpa n
ynnn oxono rtcxun myxunn, nosnee tno eme na noxoa, n
1337r. (1918r.) n 1338r. (1919r.).
Kora npannrenn
318
Kynera n Faxpena orxasannct nna-
rnrt xnstm, naxxanrt conepmnnn nont noxo n epxann n
noxae mnorne nacenennte nynxrt.
Bo npemx nont mexy Bennxopnranne n Typnne an-
rnnuane npeocrannnn naxxanram nonnym cnooy n pernone,
nmenno rora n 1337r. (1918r.) n nponsomno cpaxenne an-Xam,
n xoropom nornnn mnorne nennnnte nmn.
B 1338r. (1919r.) naxxanrt conepmnnn nont noxo n
Kyner, no npemx xoroporo cocroxnact nrna an-xaxpa, npann-
renx Cannma ac-Caaxa or nnenennx cnacna rontxo noepxxa
nnemen Bammap n an-Iaxman.
B 1339r. (1920r.) Cannm ac-Caax ymep, n mnorne xnrenn
Kynera tnn ntnyxent npnnxrt naxxansm, rontxo rora
pnrancxne arenrt
319
npexparnnn pesnm n +rom pernone n non-
nocrtm nounnnnn ero cee
320
.

317
urot ysnart, xaxne eme snepcrna conepmnnn naxxanrt n an-Hxca, xax
onn coxrnn nantmt no npemena Carya, oparnrect x xnnre Xycena nn
Iannama Tapnx Hax, c. 97.
318
B Kynere Caaxnrt, n Faxpene Xann]nrt.
319
ecrnnx pnrancxnx arenron n naxxanrcxnx orpxon n Kynere nyxa-
mrcx n onee erantnom pasxcnennn. Arenrt anrnncxo pasnexn nacran-
nann na rom, urot mex Myxamma ac-Caax, npannrent Kynera, npnnxn
naxxansm, onaxo on n 1896r., naoopor, nsxnnn xenanne npncoennnrt
128
Hn Famap, onnctnax cotrnx 1208r. (1793r.), c ropoc-
rtm ronopnr: B +rom roy Hpaxnm nn Iac]nxn nnnyn cnon
orpxt na cenep n nanan na ropo Kyner. Ocrannn uacrt cnonx
nonnon n sacae, on orxptro nomen n araxy, a xora xnrenn ro-
poa pemnnn oxasart conpornnnenne, ro na nnx nanann orpxt,
cnenmne n sacae. B nrore tno ynro rpnnart xnrene Ky-
nera
321
.
O cotrnxx 1212r. (1797r.) on nnmer cneymmee: B
+rom roy Mannar as-3arn no npnxasy Iaynrasnsa nomen na
Kyner. uacrt cnoero orpxa on cnpxran n sacae, a c ocrantno
saxnarnn nacymncx pxom cxor; xora xnrenn ropoa ntmnn,
urot samnrnrt cnoe nmymecrno, na nnx nanann cnenmne n sa-
cae n ynnn nanart uenonex
322
.
Anrop +rnx crpox ntpaxaer ropocrt ecrnnxmn +rnx
pasonnxon, xoropte ynnann nennnntx nme n noponann nx
cxor. Heyxenn xnrenn Kynera, rax xe xax xnrenn Hexa
323
,
tnn xstunnxamn?
DZlZj b ;Zoj_cg
324

Karap

cnon semnn x Ocmancxo nmnepnn. Tora onn noronopnnn ero ponoro para
Myapaxa, cnyxnnmero naxxanram, ycrponrt nepenopor. Myapax noutm
17/5/1896r. no rnane orpxa naxxanron nopnancx no nopen n ynn cnonx
pontx parten Myxammaa n xappaxa. Kax yrnepxaer nxcon: B 1899r.
Myapax o]nnnantno npnsnan anrnncxoe npncyrcrnne n pernone. Cm.:
nxcon. Iapa ac-caxpa. C. 337 348.
320
Mnorne ns nsnoxenntx ]axron nsxrt ns xnnrn Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-
xasnpa an-rapanx Myxammaa Iaya an-Xarta. ap an-mnrpax, c. 174,
187, 278; Hpaxnm Iaynrasns Iaynrann. Ctpar an-ymapa ap ac-caxn.
ns. 1, c. 30; Iapaxman Hactp am-Bampann. Mamnaxar an-]aanx. ap
an-nncan, r. 2. C. 51.
321
Iynnan an-max.. 1/102.
322
Tam xe. 1/111.
323
Tam xe. 1/182.
324
Mt oennnnn oe crpant no onnm n rom xe sarononxom noromy, uro
onn ouent nnsxn pyr x pyry, n nnx npannnn noromxn ono n ro xe n-
nacrnn. Taxxe nsnecrno, uro xarapcxn yuent rxy nn Rcy], cnacaxct
or naxxanron, exan n Faxpen.
129
Hn Famap, onnctnax cotrnx 1202r. (1787r.), paccxast-
naer: B +rom roy Cyneman nn Ia]ncan no npnxasy Iayn-
rasnsa nanpannncx na nocrox n nanan na xnrene Karapa, ynn
mnoro uenonex ns nnemenn Ay Pamnx n sapan nx nmymecr-
no.. anee ner peut o cotrnxx 1206r. (1791r.): B +rom ro-
y Cyneman nn Ia]ncan no npnxasy Iaynrasnsa no rnane
orpxa ns xnrene an-Xapaxa nanpannncx n Karap, ero ncrpe-
rnn orpx ns nxrnecxrn ncannxon. Cyneman nx oonen, nourn
ncex ynn n sapan c coo nmymecrno n xnnorntx
325
. 3arem
cneymr cotrnx 1209r. (1794r.): .sarem Hpaxnm nn Ia]n-
can no rnane +roro orpxa nanpannncx n Karap, nanan na ero xn-
rene, ynen mnoxecrno nepnmon, xoroptx sarem npoan n an-
Hxca
326
.
Hmenno +ror orpx nauan reppopnsnponart Karap eme n
1208r., xora Hn Ia]ncan nanan na nnemx Fann Iyra
327
, oxpy-
xnn ero n ycrponn noxay, n xoneunom nrore Iyrnrt
328
n
1212r. (1797r.) tnn ntnyxent exart n Faxpen. Ho nosnee
nm nce xe npnmnoct npnnxrt naxxansm. Kpome nnx, naxxanrt
reppopnsnponann n pyrne nnemena, nacenxnmne Karap. Or nx
pyx nocrpaann nnemena uapnxa, an-Xynanx, an-Rcy]nx, ap-
Pynaa n pyrne. Baxxanrt ne rontxo nanaann na nnx, no n
cexnn mexy nnmn posnt
329
.
B 1267r. naxxanrt, nosrnannxemte +mnpom Iaynno
nn uacanom, nnont nanann na +rn nnemena, n onn tnn nt-

325
Iynnan an-max.. T. 1. C. 88.
326
Tam xe. C. 103. 3ro eme onn npnmep rpaexa n noponcrna.
327
Tam xe. C. 150. An-Xart. Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa an-rapanx.
C. 173.
328
Onn ornocnnnct x xann]nram n tnn npannrenxmn Karapa o 1792r., xor-
a on nonnocrtm tn oxxynnponan naxxanramn.
329
Ay Xaxa. Hmmar am-mnxa. ap ac-caxa]a, Fepyr, .r. C. 78; H-
paxnm Iaynrasns Iaynrann. Ctpar an-ymapa. ap ac-caxn, Honon,
1988 C. 23; Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa. C. 173 174; Pnx Haxn
ap-Pamc. Pnx ac-camym. ns. 3. C. 305.
130
nyxent npnnxrt naxxansm n npnnecrn npncxry
330
. Hecmorpx
na +ro naxxanrt oropann y nnx rpncra ptanxnx mxyn
331
.
Kora xe xnrenn Karapa ycnenn crart nenepntmn? Ho-
uemy Iaynna cpaxancx c nnmn? Kro nosnonnn nsenartcx na
mycyntmanamn o raxo crenenn, uro onn tnn ntnyxent no-
xnnyrt ponte semnn? Ie cxasano, uro nme moxno npnnyx-
art x npnnxrnm pyro pennrnn nnn masxaa? Ie ano paspe-
menne cexrt pasop mexy mycyntmanamn?
Baxxanram ocrarouno roro nosopa, uro onn ntnynnn x
ercrny n Faxpen mexa rxya nn Rcy]a. Onaxo nm ne
yanoct cnomnrt ero yx, on npoonxan anrnnaxxanrcxym
nponarany n Faxpene n ymep c orpomntm xenannem nepnyrtcx
na ponny, a ormcrnr Annax +rnm nmxm
332
.
Faxpen
Iyrnrt orxasannct nnarnrt xnstm naxxanram, rora
re nauann nanaart na nnx, ynnart n ncxuecxn ynnxart
333
. Hn
Famap, onnctnax cotrnx 1267r. (1850r.), coomaer: Hmam
(peut ner o uacane) ocranonnncx y +roro ncrounnxa n no
npomecrnnn mecxna x nemy npnmnn npecrannrenn nnemen Fax-
pena n nonpocnnn saxnmunrt mnpnt oronop, onaxo on nm
orxasan.
334
Bor rax naxxanrt ornocnnnct x mycyntmanam,
nanarann na nnx xnstm n orxastnannct saxnmuart c nnmn

330
Hn Famap. Iynnan an-max.. 2/131.
331
Tam xe. 2/132.
332
urot ysnart o +rom noponee, cm.: crartx Kynry naxxanxn ( tn
naxxanrom). Baxxanrt ocrannnn neyocrno mnornm yuentm, nanpnmep,
mex Myxamma as-3anann am-Ba]nrn tn ntnyxen exart n Macxar. Hn
3apnx n cnoe xnnre An-uarx an-mynn mnoro paccxastnaer o nnx n npn-
nonr ntcxastnanne mexa sa-3anann: Iaynrasns n ero nocneonarenn
neyr cex nectma n nectma crpanno. Operx cnny, onn npnnnsnnn x cee
nenex, oxnnnmnx cex yuentmn. 3rn ncenoyuente npoe Hn Iayn-
naxxaa nauann anart nm ]ernt o rom, uro mycyntmane xnnxmrcx xstunnxa-
mn, nosnonnnn nm ynnart mycyntman, rpanrt nx n axe xennrtcx na nx
nonax, ne oxnax rnt.
333
Hpaxnm Iaynrann. Ctpar an-ymapa. C. 33; an-Xart. Ca]axar
mnn rapnx an-xasnpa. C. 174.
334
Iynnan an-max.. 2/130.
131
mnpnte oronopt. Bex Carn nn Taxnyn, npannrent Ay a-
n, ntrancx yepxart nx or rpaexa cnonx noanntx, onaxo
emy +ro ne yanoct, onn norpeonann, urot on nnuno npntn n
nx cranxy. Honyunn rapanrnn esonacnocrn, on npntn x nnm c
ontmnm xonnuecrnom noapxon, no tn cnntno ynnxen, n nax-
xanrt nacroxnn, urot xnrenn Faxpena nnarnnn nm xnstm,
a raxxe nanoxnnn na nnx pasnnunte nnt mrpa]on
335
.
B +rom ner nnuero ynnnrentnoro, net onn n o +roro
nanaann na Faxpen. Bo npemx onoro ns naeron nm yanoct
saxnarnrt unenon npanxme cemtn, xoroptx onn epxann n
rmptme a-aprnn nnnort o 1226r. (1811r.). 3a +ro npemx onn
conepmnnn mnoxecrno naeron na Faxpen n ynnn 1400 xnre-
ne, cpen xoroptx tnn mex Pamn nn Iaynna nn Xann-
]a n mex arnx, xyneren no nponcxoxennm. Annax oro-
mcrnn naxxanram sa xpont xnrene Faxpena: xora onn nepe-
nosnnn na cyax nopox, ror nocnnamennncx n mnorne naxxanrt
cropenn xnntem, xnana Annaxy Iocnoy mnpon
336
.
HfZg
337

Hanaennx naxxanron na Oman rpeymr orentnoro
nsyuennx, nocxontxy onn ornnuannct ocoo rpyocrtm n npo-
ncxonnn ouent npoonxnrentnoe npemx. B nmom cnyuae +rn
naern npecneonann rontxo ony nent: rpaex, noponcrno n
yncrno. Xnrenn Omana pasnonnn nepnmon n nepnmnn,
xoropte ocoo nennnnct naxxanramn, n uacrnocrn Hn Famap

335
Tam xe. 2/132.
336
Tam xe, r. 1, C. 156-157.
337
Ho Omanom no npemena Hn Famapa nmenact n nny reppnropnx OA3 n
Omana, no+romy n mt ncnontsyem +ror rononnm nmenno n raxom snauennn.
Kpome roro, eno n rom, uro ecnn nepnyrtcx x npemenam Hn Famapa, ro nam
yer ouent rpyno onpeennrt, o uem nmenno ner peut. Hanpnmep, on nn-
mer o ercrne n Oman xasnx Iann nn Xycena nn Myxammaa nn Iayn-
naxxaa nocne naennx nepnoro cayncxoro rocyapcrna, n ecnn t on ne
ynomxnyn, uro +ror uenonex exan n Pac an-Xama, ro mt npocro ne cmornn
t onpeennrt, ner nn peut o OA3 nnn o Omane.
132
nnmer: B xauecrne noapxon nmam npncnan nomae, omancxnx
nepnmnn n nemnoro npxemon
338
.
oxasarentcrnom roro, uro +rn naern tnn pasonnut-
nmn, xnnxercx cnnerentcrno Hn Famapa o cotrnxx 1225r.
(1810r.), xora mexy Caryom n ero ctnontxmn nponsomen
xon]nnxr ns-sa roro, uro nocnennm crano ne xnarart noare.
uro xe onn cenann? Onn npocro cnapxnnn nonte orpxt,
urot re rpannn mnpntx nme: B +rom roy, nauane mecxna
3yntxnxa, xora Cary conepman xax, ero ctnontx Typxn,
Hactp n Car no rnane nocxa
339
, nmecre co cnonmn cnyramn na-
npannnnct n Oman. Hpnunno nx ntcrynnennx tn xon]nnxr
mexy nnmn n nx ornom, necmorpx na ro uro nx oren tn mep,
onn nonpocnnn ero ynennunrt nx coepxanne, no oren orxasan,
rora nonpocnnn paspemennx conepmnrt naer, no oren nnont
orxasan. Tora onn oxannct oresa orna n xax n nanpann-
nnct n Oman. Xnrenn Omana, ysnan o nx npntrnn, copann
nocxo n noutm nanann na ctnone Carya, n pesyntrare uero re
norepnenn nopaxenne
340
. Ho ncxope x nnm na nomomt npnmen
Myrnax an-Martpn n onn naroapx noxpennennm crann yn-
nart n rpanrt xnrene +roro pernona.
Hn Famap ropennno ncnomnnaer o cotrnxx 1248r.
(1832r.): Onn nanpannnnct n Oman, saxnarnnn mnoxecrno ro-
poon n nnennnn mnoxecrno eynnon
341
. Kro nm paspemnn sa-
xnartnart mycyntmancxne ropoa n nnennrt eynnon? 3ro pas-
pemenne nm ana naxxanrcxo-xapnxnrcxax axta, cornacno
xoropo nce mycyntmane xnnxmrcx nenepntmn, xoroptx cneyer
ynnart n rpanrt. Baxxanrt n camn npnsnamr, uro naeramn

338
Hn Famap ynomnnaer nx no mnornx mecrax cnoe xnnrn Iynnan an-
max.: 2/115, 2/37, r. 1, c. 13, 216, 176, r. 2, c. 80
339
V xaxoro ns nnx tn orpx n 200 xonntx ncannxon, xpome nnx tnn n
ncannxn na nepnmax, cm.: Iapaxnm Iappaxman. Tapnx a-aynx ac-
Carynx an-ynx. C. 242; Xann]a uax. xaxnm an-xyxm ac-Caryn na nn-
pan an-naxxanx. C. 160.
340
Hn Famap. Iynnan an-max. 1/154 155; Iapaxnm Iapaxman.
A-aynx ac-Carynx an-ynx. C. 102 103.
341
Iynnan an-max.. 2/42.
133
na Oman pyxononnn: Car nn Myxamma nn Myraxan
(Iynnan an-max, 2/42), Iymap nn Myxamma nn Myxam-
ma nn Ia]ncan, +mnp an-Hxca (Iynnan an-max, 2/42),
Iapaxman nn Hpaxnm (Iynnan an-max, 2/117), Xacan
Paxmax (Iynnan an-max, 1/211), Myrnax ar-Tapn (Iynnan
an-max, 1/177), Car nn Myrnax (Iynnan an-max,
2/129), Farran an-Martpn par Myrnaxa (Iynnan an-max,
1/211 n 2/33) ynomnnaercx, uro +ror uenonex n Myrnax tnn no-
enauantnnxamn nocx no npemx noxoon na Oman, Iaynna nn
Maspyr (Iynnan an-max, 1/155), Typxn nn Cary nmecre co
cnonmn partxmn Hactpom n Carom (Iynnan an-max,
1/155-156). Axmaa ac-Canpn
342
ynnnxer ro, uro Hn Famap
nastnaer nocnenoro npenonrenem mycyntmancxoro nocxa n
Omane n an-Hxca
343
, no uepes necxontxo crpannn on coomaer,
uro +ror uenonex tn rnpanom, rpannmnm nennnntx nme
344
.
Bor xem tnn noxn naxxanrcxoro Hcnama
345
. anee mt npn-
neem eme necxontxo npnmepon o snepcrnax na reppnropnn Oma-
na.
Ay an
Myrnax an-Martpn no rnane orpxa, cocroxnmero ns rt-
cxun ncannxon, conepmnn naer na Oman, nanan na nnemx Fany
c, oropan y nnx ontmoe xonnuecrno nmymecrna n nepnyncx c
nnm n Hex. Hosnee Hpaxnm nn Ia]ncan raxxe conepmnn
naer n ynen ouent mnoro omancxnx nepnmon
346
. Onaxo +rn
noxot ne ncera sanepmannct ycnemno, nnora naxxanron
xann sacat, o ono ns nnx Hn Famap nnmer: Myrnax an-
Martpn no rnane cnoero orpxa nanpannncx n Oman, no ero xa-
na sacaa, nororonnennax Hn Taxnynom
347
. B nrore mycyntma-

342
Iynnan an-max. 2/133.
343
Tam xe. 2/86.
344
Tam xe. 2/90
345
Hn Famap ne ynomnnaer Hn xannn, nosmoxno, +ror uenonex noxnnncx
nosnee.
346
Ay Xaxa. Hmmar am-mnxa. C. 78 79; Iapaxnm Iapaxman. A-
annx ac-Carynx an-ynx. C. 93 94.
347
Bex Carn nn Taxnyn.
134
ne norepnenn cnntnemee nopaxenne, mnorne ns nnx tnn yn-
rt, a uacrt ymepna or xaxt.
348
, xnana Annaxy. Hn Famap
nacrannaer na rom, uro +rnx nme neoxonmo nastnart my-
cyntmanamn, uem xe onn ornnuamrcx or ocrantntx xnrene
Xnxasa, cnnerentcrnymmnx, uro ner oxecrna, xpome Anna-
xa? B uacrnocrn o ynrtx naxxanrax on nnmer: A ns uncna
mycyntman n +ro nrne norn raxo-ro ctn raxoro-ro
349
. Ha
camom ene repon Hn Famapa tnn nacroxmnmn pasonnxa-
mn, ynnanmnmn n rpannmnmn nennnntx nme
350
, nmenno no-
+romy sacaa Fann c xnnxercx ocrontm ornerom +rnm nmxm.
Pac an-xama
Kora xacnmnrt orxasannct npnnxrt naxxansm, x nnm ns
a-aprnn tno nocnano nocxo, xoroptm pyxononn Pamn
nn Cnnan an-Martpn. Hocne npoonxnrentno nont n no-
xat n reuenne 27 ne rnana xacnmnron tn ntnyxen npn-
nxrt rpeonannx naxxanron, no co cnoe cropont norpeonan
esonacnocrn n coxpanennx cnoero craryca noxx nnemenn. Ta-
xnm opasom, nnemx xacnmnron n 1214r. (1799r.) tno ntnyx-
eno npnnxrt naxxasnm
351
. Heonorn naxxansma, ornpannxx
cnon nocxa n +ror pernon (an-Fpnmn), ronopnnn: Bt moxaxe-
t-ennooxnnxn, nama saaua, n nepnym ouepet, nanncart
nnctmo Caxpy nn Pamny an-Kacnmn
352
n yenrt ero n neo-
xonmocrn npnnxrnx name pennrnn n nounnennx nam. B npo-
rnnnom cnyuae nomre c nnm ncemn nosmoxntmn nyrxmn, ecnn
namnx cnn yer ne ocrarouno, rora x npnmnm nam noxpen-
nenne ns a-aprnn
353
. Baxxanrt, noenn xacnmnron, orxpt-

348
Iynnan an-max.. 2/118.
349
Hanpnmep, cm.: Iynnan an-max.. 1/138.
350
Tam xe, 1/175, 1/180, 2/48, 2/76, 2/123.
351
Ay Xaxa. Hmmar am-mnxa. 78 80, Iapaxnm Iapaxman. A-
annx ac-Carynx an-ynx 93 94 n 258; oxrop uya Carn an-Ian. Cnx-
ca Fpnrannx ]n an-xannx. C. 36-37.
352
Hpannrent Pac an-Xama.
353
Ay Xaxa. Hmmar am-mnxa. 78 80; Iapaxnm Iapaxman. A-
annx ac-Carynx an-ynx. 93 94. Hosnee n 1225r. (1810r.) naxxanrt
ocrannnn Caxpa an-Kacnmn n a-aprnm n saxnmunnn no crpaxy. Bmecro
135
nn nyrt xpncrnancxnm sanoenarenxm c mopx, onn ns noxe
naxxansma n 1810r. nanncan anrnnuanam: .x cenan nce, uro-
t nocneonarenn Myxammaa
354
ne cmornn npenrt namnm xo-
panxm
355
. Hocne sanoenannx naxxanramn Pac an-Xama npe-
nparnncx n nnanapm, ns xoroporo onn conepmann naern na
pyrne pernont Omana. Ho+romy cynran Omana, nontsyxct mo-
menrom pasnornacn mexy anrnnuanamn n naxxanramn, tn
ntnyxen nanacrt na Pac an-Xama n noracnrt naxxanrcxym
cmyry. Hecmorpx na +ro naxxanrt ncnontsonann semnn xacnmn-
ron nx pasxnrannx cmyrt n Omane n ynnuroxennx ero rocyap-
crnennocrn
356
.
Oasnc an-Fpnmn
357

B 1207r. (1792r.) an-Fpnmn noneprcx xecroxomy name-
crnnm naxxanron no pyxonocrnom Myrnaxa an-Martpn.
Omannt o cnx nop ncnomnnamr +ro namecrnne xax npnmep ue-
noneuecxo nxocrn n snepcrna. Hosnee, n 1264r. (1847r.) ne
menee xecroxn naer conepmnn ero ctn. Bo npemx +roro naera
nponsomna nrna an-Iarnxa
358
. Baxxanrt ouent xorenn saxna-
rnrt +rn semnn n npncoennnrt nx x cnoemy rocyapcrny. Oco-
enno onycromnrentntmn +rn naern oxasannct nx nnemen an-
Harnm, Fany Kar n Fany Kyr. Kpome naeron naxxanrt no-

nero npannrenem Pac an-Xama tn nasnauen onn ns naxxanrcxnx rnana-
pe, no axe +ro nasnauenne ne npnnecno mnp n Pac an-Xama.
354
Hmeercx n nny Hpopox (c.r.c.). n.n.
355
Myxas rapnx ran xaann an-naxxanx an-rapanx (Kparxax ncropnx
naxxanrcxnx apacxnx nnemen) n copnnxe: Myxrapar mnn caxanxr Fym-
a (Hspannoe ns Fomecxnx sanncox). Maxraa ac-cnppnx ac-cnxcnx,
Fome, 1856. T. 24. C. 456, na anrn. xs.
356
Iynnan an-max.. 1/215.
357
Ceuac uacrt +roro oasnca xnnxercx reppnropne OA3, a pyrax uacrt
reppnropne Omana.
358
Baxxanrcxne cnnt, nosrnannxemte Carom nn Myrnaxom an-Martpn,
norepnenn nopaxenne. Cm.: Iynnan an-max.. 2/117. Hocne +roro naxxa-
nrcxoe nocxo nonyunno noxpennenne n rontxo nocne +roro cmorno oo-
nert Carna nn Taxnyna.
136
xynann mnornx yuentx an-Fpnmn
359
. B xoneunom nrore an-
Fpnmn npenparnncx n eme onn naxxanrcxn nnanapm.
Ctxap
B 1222 1225r. (1807 1810rr.) naxxanrt npoonxnnn
cnon naern na Oman. Bor uro nnmer o +rom rnannt naxxa-
nrcxn ncropnx Iycman nn Famnp (nnora on onycxaer
omnxn n nanncannn nmen noenauantnnxon n rononnmon):
.sarem Cary nanpannn Iaynny nn Maspyra n eme ne-
cxontxnx nexnnen n cnom xpenocrt n an-Fpnmn, raxxe rya
tn nocnan Myrnax an-Martpn c nexncxnm nocxom.Onn
nanann na mecrnocrt Ctxap, re cocroxnnct nrnt npornn Ia-
sana nn Kaca n Carna nn Cynrana, npannrenx Macxara. Bo-
cxo Iasana nonecno ontmne norepn, tno ynro oxono nxrncor
ero nme. Hocne +roro x Myrnaxy an-Martpn npncoennnnnct
nce croponnnxn Carya n Omane, rora xnrenxm Ctxapa, nore-
pxnmnm rtcxun onon, npnmnoct cartcx. Bocxa Carya
nnnort o 1225r. ynnann xnrene +roro pernona n ornpann nx
nmymecrno. Myrnax saxnarnn mnorne epennn Ctxapa n nx xn-
renxm npnmnoct npncxrnyrt na nepnocrt pennrnn Annaxa n Ero
Hpopoxa, n nounnnrtcx nnacrxm. B nrore n pyxax Carna oc-
rancx rontxo Macxar, a n pyxax Iasana rontxo nexoropte epe-
nymxn Ctxapa, nanan na xoropte, mycyntmane raxxe saxnarnnn
mnoro nmymecrna, nxrym uacrt xoroporo ornpannxnn Caryy n
a-aprnm
360
.

359
Bex 3an nn Cynran paccxasan, uro 26 nmnx 1954r. x nemy uepes no-
cpennxa oparnncx Iaynna an-Kypamn n npenoxnn emy nonym mamnny
sa uertpe rtcxun pynn, a raxxe oeman sa xaxoe ne]rxnoe mecropoxe-
nne, naennoe na reppnropnn an-Fpnmn, ntnnaunnart no uertpecra mnnnn-
onon pynn, no mex 3an orxasancx or +roro npenoxennx. Kax nsnecrno,
Iaynna an-Kypamn tn npocrtm nncarenem, nosnee onn nmecre c Typxn
nn Iartmanom nauann nncart xnnrn, n xoroptx nponarannponann naxxa-
nrcxne yexennx, ntraxct cxnonnrt x nnm yuentx an-Fpnmn. Ceuac +ror
uenonex xnnxercx mnnnnapepom, on n ero ennomtmnennnxn noxynamr ncex,
xoro xenamr cenart naxxanramn. Cm.: Hactp an-uapax. Knxm an-rnmap
ac-Carynx. C. 81.
360
Hn Famap. Iynnan an-max.. 1/148. Xorx Cary sanpernn cnonm
ctnontxm conepmart naern na Oman, nx cex on nx cunran paspemenntmn.
137
Ham rouno nsnecrno, uro nmam Iasan nn Kac sanxn
cno pyxonoxmn nocr n 1285r. (1869r.), uro xacaercx Carna
nn Cynrana, ro on tn cynranom n 1806-1856rr. Taxxe nsnecr-
no, uro naxxanrt ouent cnntno oxyuann nnemenam, xnnmnm n
an-Fpnmn, no+romy onn, a nmenno nx noxt Myxamma nn Iann
an-Harnmn, n 1869r. oparnnnct sa nomomtm x nmamy Iasany.
18 xnnapx 1869r. on ntcrynnn n noxo, n uepes uertpe nx rep-
pnropnx an-Fpnmn tna ocnooxena or naxxanrcxo oxxyna-
nnn, nocne uero nmam nasnaunn cnonx namecrnnxon n xasnen
361
,
a re nauann nosnpamart nmymecrno, narpanennoe naxxanramn,
ero saxonntm xosxenam.
Bannac
Btme mt yxe cxasann, uro naxxanrt tnn cexro, co-
sanno xpncrnanamn, a nmenno pnrancxo pasnexo, no+romy
onn n ecrnonann conmecrno, nomorax pyr pyry, xora tna
neoxonmocrt. Touno rax xe onn nocrynnnn n c ropoom Ban-
nac. Hocne roro xax n 1225r. (1810r.) ero xnrenn ne nounnn-
nnct Myrnaxy an-Martpn, on tn noneprnyr aprnnnepncxo
omapnponxe c mopx, nocne uero can Myrnaxy.
Cyp
B 1282r. (1865r.) naxxanrt, ncnontsyx an-Fpnmn xax
nnanapm, nanann na ropo Cyp, saxnarnnn ero, ynnuroxnnn
mnornx xnrene n sannaenn entramn n ronapamn xynnon. Ho
na cuacrte xynnon, cpen nnx oxasannct pnrancxne noannte
nnncxoro nponcxoxennx, n pnrancxne nnacrn norpeonann
or naxxanron noxnnyrt ropo n ontme na nero ne nanaart. A
nx ycrpamennx naxxanrcxo apmnn 11 ]enpanx 1865r. onn yc-
rponnn noxasarentnte sannt c mopx.
xarnxn
Hn Famap, onnctnax cotrnx syntxart 1227r. (noxpx
1812r.), paccxastnaer: .Cary ornpannn Myrnaxa n Oman n
nasnaunn ero rnanntm noenauantnnxom mycyntmancxnx nocx n
+rom pernone. Myrnax co cnonmn orpxamn nanpannncx n nsne-

361
oxrop Xycen Iya Iaam. Oman a-nmyxpartx an-ncnamnx raxa-
nn an-nmam ya ar-rapnx ac-cnxcn. an-xan. C. 223.
138
crnt ropo xarnxn. Hocne roro xax ropo nponen nexoropoe
npemx n noxae, Myrnaxy yanoct saxnarnrt ontmoe xonnue-
crno cxora. Myrnax, nonyunn xopomym otuy, cnxn noxay n
ymen. A xnrenn ropoa oennnnnct c nnemenamn, xnnmnmn
nenoanexy, n nnnynnct sa Myrnaxom. ne apmnn ncrpernnnct,
n nponsomna xpynnax nrna, n xoropo nornno mnoro mycynt-
man n n uacrnocrn Myrnax
362
. Hoenom +rnm nopam n paso-
nnxam, paonanmnmcx nerxo otue, xnana Annaxy.
Macxar, Marpax, Fapxa, Camann, as-3axnpa
Baxxanrt, nosrnannxemte Myrnaxom, nanann na Cama-
nn
363
, Fapxa, Marpax, pasrpannn +rn ropoa, a sarem nanpann-
nnct n Macxar. Hm ne yanoct npeoonert crent ropoa, rora
onn coxrnn nocenox nepecenennen c Hnocrana, naxonnmncx
y ropocxnx cren.
Hn Famap, onnctnax cotrnx 1225r. (1810r.), paccxast-
naer: Inanntm noenauantnnxom tn nasnauen Typxn n orpxt
no ero xomanonannem nnnynnct n Oman. Onn saxnarnnn Ma-
rpax, ynnn mnoxecrno xnrene n saxnarnnn mnoro otun. 3a-
rem +rn orpxt nnnynnct nont noepextx, saxnarnnn Xan]an
n nnnynnct na xarnxn, Cyp, Ctxap, nce +rn ropoa raxxe t-
nn saxnauent. B +ro npemx Cary conepman nanomnnuecrno,
xora emy paccxasann o ecrnnxx ero nocx, on ouent cnntno
paccepnncx. Kax nnnre, naxxanrcxne noxot npecrannxnn
coo nacroxmne pasonnutn naern, na nx conecrn ocrannct
xpont n nmymecrno mycyntman Omana. Hn Famap nnmer: Ct-
nontx Carya oxasannct n ouent sarpynnrentnom nonoxennn,
no ntcoxonocrannennte mycyntmane a-aprnn n pyrnx pern-
onon sacrynnnnct sa nnx
364
. Hocmorpnre, noxn naxxansma
sacrynamrcx sa nme, npecrynnnmnx rpannnt, ycranonnennte
Annaxom.

362
Iynnan an-max.. 1/164 165.
363
B xonne 3yntxnxn 1225r. (exapt 1810r.), no npemena npannennx My-
xammaa nn Hactpa an-xapn, cm. y Iapaxnma Iapaxmana: A-aynx
ac-Carynx an-ynx, 97; Ay Xaxa. Hymar am-mnxa. 85 86, Hn Famap.
Iynnan an-max.. 1/156.
364
Iynnan an-max.. 1/155.
139
3t]ap
B nauane nanaroro nexa naxxanrcxne nocxa, nosrnan-
nxemte Canaxnom, nanann na 3t]ap. Onn npomnn no Haxpa-
ny n Xapamayry n ynenn mnoxecrno nepnmon. 3ror naer
tn conepmen nocne roro, xax xon unnnnnn paccxasan naxxa-
nram o +rom pernone. nxcon npnsnancx, uro n 1935r. nnuno
nnen +rnx noponanntx nepnmon, on paccxastnan, uro onn
tnn xopnunenoro nnera, a nx xocrn tnn rontme, uem y rex,
xoropte noxrcx n an-Hxca
365
.
Honox nror, moxno cxasart, uro naxxanrt ynnn n
orpannn mnornx xnrene Omana, a ocranmnecx n xnntx, oxct
sa cnom xnsnt, tnn ntnyxent npnnxrt nonym naxxanrcxym
pennrnm. Her cnnt n morymecrna nn y xoro, xpome Annaxa.
;_^u, \uiZ\rb_ gZ ]heh\u \ZooZ[blh\
Hsyuenne naxxanrcxnx naeron na Oman nosnonxer ce-
nart ntno o rom, uro mnorne ns +rnx naeron sanepmnnnct ne-
yauno, nopaxennem, nno n +rn rot na nx ronont ntnann py-
rne ecrnnx.
1. Hn Famap paccxastnaer o rom, uro nocne nauana no-
xoon na Oman Annax nacnan na Hex sacyxy n rono. B uacr-
nocrn nocne noxoon 1222r. (1807r.), xora tno yxpaeno
ouent mnoro cxora, n Hexe tn raxo rono, uro nent na
nmennny nospocnn n rpn uertpe pasa, a na ]nnnxn n ecxrt
pas. Kpome +roro Annax nacnan na Hex uymy, xoropax ynecna
xnsnn mnornx xnrene +roro pernona. Hornnn mnorne naxxa-
nrcxne xasnn n yuente, n uncne nornmnx or uymt tn n xa-
sn a-aprnn mex Xycen nn mex Myxamma nn Iayn-
naxxa, xoropt nocne naeron ennn narpanennoe orarcrno.
Hx nonoxenne crano nacrontxo rxxentm, uro +mnp a-aprnn
tn ntnyxen ntnecnrt nonenenne o oxsarentnom noxaxnnn
nx xaxoro xnrenx +roro pernona
366
. Paccxastnax o cotrnxx
1260r. (1844r.), on nnmer: B +ror ro n Oman tno nocnano
nocxo no rnane c an-Martpn, nmecre c nnmn tn nocnan xasn

365
nxcon. Iapa ac-caxpa. C. 334 336.
366
Iynnan an-max.. 1/144 145.
140
Hactn nn Iann an-Iapnnn. H n +ror xe ro or xonoa nornno
ouent mnoro nocenon xnrene a-aprnn, n onn ycnenn copart
rontxo ne uerneprn
367
.
2. Baxxanrcxn ncropnx ne pas ynomnnaer o rom, xax
Annax naxastnan naxxanron nocne noxoon na Oman. B uacrno-
crn +mnp Hactp nn Cary (ctn xoponx) nocne noxoa na Oman
n nosnpamennx n a-aprnm cnntno saonen n myunncx na me-
cxna, nocne uero ymep. H oren no npemx onesnn nn pasy ero ne
nanecrnn
368
.
3. Touno raxax xe ncropnx npnxnmunnact c Farranom an-
Martpn n pyrnmn noenauantnnxamn, nosrnannxnmnmn noxot
na Oman. Fontmnncrno +rnx nme ymepno or uymt. Taxax xe
yuacrt nocrnrana n xasnen, ennnmnx narpanennte orarcrna, n
uacrnocrn Myxamma nn Myxpnn ymep or xapa, xoropt na-
uancx y nero nocne nosnpamennx n an-Hxca
369
.
4. Onnctnax cotrnx 1266r. (1849r.), Hn Famap yxast-
naer: B +rom roy nmam paccepnncx na Cara nn Myrnaxa an-
Martpn sa ro, uro on norepnen nopaxenne
370
n Omane, n orcrpa-
nnn ero or onxnocrn nnnort o cmeprn
371
. H npannntno ce-
nan, net nopaxenne tno ouent axe cnntntm, no npemx +ro
nrnt tno ynro mnoxecrno naxxanron, n n uacrnocrn xasn
Iapaxman nn Iassas
372
. Bor raxnm opasom Annax aer
nnacrt onnm rnpanam na pyrnmn.
H ecrnnrentno, ecnn nt npocnenre ncropnm naxxa-
nsma, ro ynnnre, uro nocne xaxoro naera, conepmennoro
npornn mycyntman, Annax naxastnan +rnx rnpanon. Vnnuroxan
nx nocent
373
, nactnan rono
374
, tnann cnyuan, xora sa pas

367
Tam xe. 2/110.
368
Tam xe. 1/155-156.
369
Tam xe. 2/134.
370
Hmeercx n nny nopaxenne n nrne an-Iarnxa.
371
Iynnan an-max.. 2/129.
372
Tam xe. 2/118.
373
Tam xe. 1/49, 2/30, 1/75.
374
Tam xe. 2/27.
141
ymnpano cemtcor naxxanron
375
. Ho +romy nonoy onn ns no-
+ron
376
nanncan cneymmne crpoxn: Bce +ro nponcxonr rontxo
no none Annaxa, On xapaer nme sa nx rpexn. Onnx naxastna-
er, a pyrnm aer nosmoxnocrt oymartcx. Ho, x coxanennm,
+rn nmn ne nsnnexamr ypoxn ns cnyunnmerocx.
C_f_g
Baxxanrcxne nocxa omnn n o Hemena, saxnarnnn ero
cronnny Cana, ynnn n orpannn mnornx xnrene +roro ropoa,
nocne uero nasnaunnn cnoero rpaonauantnnxa. Hnora uncnen-
nocrt naxxanrcxnx nocx n Hemene ocrnrana nxrnecxrn rt-
cxu uenonex
377
.
Hn Famap, onnctnax cotrnx 1220r. (1805r.), paccxast-
naer o rom, xax naxxanrt saxnarnnn ropo an-Xana: 3arem
nmam Cant (yxe naxxanrcxn) nanpannn nocxa n an-Xany.
Onn ocannn ropo n n cxopom npemenn on tn nsxr. Hocne
+roro Cannx, ynomxnyrt ntme, cran roronnrt nocxa x saxnary
3yaa. nx saxnara +roro ropoa tno ornpanneno rpexrtcxu-
noe nocxo, ono saxnarnno +ror ropo n onnaeno ero necmer-
ntmn orarcrnamn. Hocne +roro Cannx ony nxrym otun or-
npannn n a-aprnm
378
.
Baxxanram nonpannncx nxyc emencxo xponn n ot-
un, no+romy onn n 1225r. (1810r.) conepmnnn nont noxo:
Hocne +roro Tamn nn Byra, +mnp Iacnpa, Anmar n pyrne
noenauantnnxn no rnane orpomnoro nocxa, cocroxnmero ns xn-
rene Xnxasa, Kaxrana n pyrnx pernonon, nanpannnnct n nop-
ront ropo an-Hxxnx. Hocne neonro ocat ropo nan n sa-
xnarunxam ocranoct nce ero orarcrno, onn ntnesnn ouent mno-
ro sonora, cepepa, rxane, xemuyra, menxa n p. Ham paccxast-
nann, uro nexoropte ns yuacrnnxon mrypma npnnxnn xemuyr sa

375
Tam xe. 1/179, 1/45.
376
Iaynrasns nn Xam nn Hactp, cm.: Iynnan an-max.. 2/34.
377
Iynnan an-max.. r.1. C. 146 147. Hpecrantre, uro tno t, ecnn
t raxax orpomnax apmnx oponact sa ocnooxenne apacxnx sement or sa-
nantx xononnsaropon.
378
Tam xe. T.1. C. 138.
142
xyxypysy n crann ee pasmantnart. Ftno ynro ouent mnoro xn-
rene +roro ropoa, paccxastnamr, uro uncnennocrt ynrtx o-
crnrna ono rtcxun. Hocne pasrpanennx ontmax uacrt ropo-
a tna paspymena n coxxena. 3arem onn nanpannnnct n an-
Xana, saxnarnnn ero cnno, nocne pasrpanennx ropoa nce
orarcrno n ncx apmnx tnn norpyxent na xopann. onepen-
nte nnna Carya sapann ony nxrym uacrt ncero orarcrna n
ornesnn ero n a-aprnm
379
. Kaxne noonxn! 3rn nmn tnn
nacrontxo nxnmn, uro ne mornn ornnunrt xemuyr or xyxypyst.
uem xe ornnuaercx nx namecrnne or namecrnnx monronon? uro
+ro sa Hcnam, nosnonxmmn ynnart n rpanrt mycyntman
380
?
Haxpan
Hcropnx naxxansma Iycman an-Haxn
381
paccxastnaer
o cotrnxx 1220r. (1805r.): B +rom roy Cary nonenen Ia-
ynnaxxay, uaxay nn Baaxany, Iane n nx nmxm, a raxxe
nexoroptm orpxam ns pyrnx pernonon nororonnrtcx x noxo-
y na Haxpan. Ftno copano orpomnoe rpnnarnrtcxunoe
nocxo, n nyrn onn na necxontxo ne ocranonnnnct n Fape,
re nponsomno mnoro crtuex mexy nocxamn n mecrntmn xn-
renxmn n tnn norepn c oenx cropon.
Taxona xparxax ncropnx naxxanrcxnx naeron na Hemen,
xpome roro, Hn Famap ynomnnaer, uro n 1229r. (1813r.) n He-
men tno nanpanneno noctmnrtcxunoe nocxo no rnane c Tamn
nn Byraom, or pyx xoroporo nornno mnoro nme
382
. Oc-
nonno nentm +roro noxoa tno yncrno Myxammaa Iann

379
Tam xe. T. 1. C 151 152.
380
Cpannnre nocrynox naxxanron c nocrynxom nanrcxoro nocxa no rnane
c Iaynno nn xe an-Knnn an-mann. Hocne roro xax omext pasopn-
nn xnrene Cant, +ro nocxo nepnyno nm xon]ncxonannoe nmymecrno n ne
norpeonano sa +ro nn ennoro npxama. Cm.: Xann]a nn Xaxr. Tapnx an-
xann]a. 2/373; Hn an-Acnp. An-Kamnn ]n ar-rapnx. 4/166; an-Fanasapn.
3/crp. 10; an-Ac]axann. An-Arann. 23/111 112; an-Fapan. An-
xanaxnp an-mynraxa. 170; am-Bamaxn. Ac-Cap. 99; ap-Paxnmn. Ma-
canx as-sanxm.
381
Bex Iycman, xax n nce naxxanrt, nnmer onontno cnao, no necmorpx
na +ro naxxanrt nponarannpymr ero nese, re nosmoxno.
382
Iynnan an-max.. 1/179.
143
namn. Taxxe moxere osnaxomnrtcx c naerom na Maxa n 1249r.
(1833r.), a n 1933r. naxxanrt noome oxnnnn nony Hemeny.
BjZd
Baxxanrt nauann reppopnsnponart Hpax n 1801r. co
nsptnon n Kepene, sarem n 1803r. nocneonano nanaenne na
Facpy, a n 1808r. copoxanxrnrtcxunoe nocxo ocanno Fara
383
,
onn nanoxnnn na xnrene ropoa xnstm, a raxxe xon]ncxona-
nn ontmym uacrt nx nmymecrna. 3arem onn nanpannnnct na ce-
nep n, ox o xypcxnx paonon, norpeonann or nx xnrene
ntnnart snaunrentno cymmt ener. Oo nce +rom nt moxere
npouecrt n xnnre rnannoro ncropnxa naxxansma Iycmana nn
Famapa
384
.
Cyx am-Bymx
Onnctnax cotrnx 1212r. (1797r.), Hn Famap paccxast-
naer: B +rom roy n mecxn Pamasan Cary nn Iaynrasns
nmecre co cnonmn nexncxnmn nocxamn nanpannncx na cenep
n nanan na Cyx am-Bymx, ynn mnornx xnrene, uacrt nx xo-
roptx yronyna y noepextx mopx
385
.
Hpnropot n onnna ac-Camana
B +rom xe roy onn conepmnnn naer n onnny ac-
Camana, o +rom noxoe Hn Famap c ropocrtm nnmer: 3arem
on (Cary no rnane naxxanrcxoro nocxa) nanpannncx n onnny
ac-Camana. Ero nasyrunxn coomnnn emy, uro y ncrounnxa an-
Atx copanoct mnoxecrno eynncxnx nnemen, ysnan +ry
necrt, Cary nanan na nnx
386
. anee on paccxastnaer, uro no-
cxa Cary nocneonann sa erymnmn n, nanan na nx oma, oro-
pann nmymecrno n nepnmon.

383
oxrop Myxamma Kamnnt. A-arnary an-naxxanx na acapyxa ]n an-
]nxp an-ncnamn an-xanc - C. 53.
384
Iynnan an-max. 1/152 153, cm. cotrnx 1225r. (1810r.).
385
Tam xe. 1/112, Touno raxym xe nn]opmannm nt moxere onapyxnrt y
Hopnmapa x. x. B Vxasarent an-Xannxa, pasen ncropnn. Hoxo na
Cyx am-Bymx n an-Atx on ornocnr x cotrnxm 1798r.
386
Tam xe. 1/112.
144
anee, o cotrnxx 1220r. (1805r.) on coomaer: B +rom
roy Cary co cnoe xonnnne n oropntmn orpxamn ns Hex-
a nnont nanpannncx na cenep n nanan na npnropot Memxea.
On nenen cnonm nocxam ntcrponrtcx n nnnnm n nrn na ropo
noono xnno crene. Hocne +roro on nanan na nexoropte e-
ynncxne nnemena n ynen nx cxor, sarem nanan na an-Xnnnm n
an-Xasarnn, re mexy nnm n xnrenxmn nponsomna nrna. Ho-
cne +roro on ycranonnn noxay na onnno ac-Camana, orpa-
nn ee xnrene n ynnuroxnn epentx. Hocne +roro on nanpannn-
cx n cropony Facpt, ocranonnncx y as-3yapa, re nponsomna
nepecrpenxa mexy nnm n xnrenxmn epennn, n rontxo nocne
+roro on nepnyncx na ponny
387
.
Kepena
Baxxanrt cnapxnnn nanarnrtcxunoe eynncxoe
nocxo n nnnynn ero n Kepeny. Bonnt nopnannct n ropo n
nauann ynnart ero xnrene, pasrpannn coxponnmnnny
388
, sa-
pann c coo mnoxecrno sonortx mnennpntx nennocre
389
,
paspymnnn narpone an-Xycena n yxpann oxno.
Hn Famap xnacrnnno paccxastnaer o exnnxx cnonx
nexncxnx cooreuecrnennnxon n Kepene: .onn nanpann-
nnct n Kepeny, ropo an-Xycena, n mecxn syntxara. Mycynt-
mane ocannn +ror ropo, opymnnn ero crent n ynnn ncex,
xoro namnn na ptnxe nnn n cnonx omax.
390
Hocmorpnre na
+rnx nexncxnx eynnon, xoropte monnnenocno n nnesanno
nopnannct n ropo n opymnnn ero crent na ero xnrene. Tax
onn nocrynnnn c mycyntmanamn n sanpernt mecxn. uro xe t-
no antme? Hn Famap nonecrnyer: .onn sapann c coo nce,
uro namnn: paronennocrn, sonoro, cepepo, oporne n pexne
Kopant, opyxne, oexy, xonpt n np.
391
. a, nexncxne e-
ynnt c nentm npnnnxennx x Annaxy nopymr axe Kopant.
Bor raxon on, xapnxnrcxn ]nxx!!

387
Tam xe. C. 137 138.
388
C nsympyamn n xxonramn.
389
Hmmar am-mnxa. C. 90.
390
Iynnan an-max.. 1/121.
391
Tam xe. 1/121 122.
145
Myxamma Xamn an-uaxn, onn ns ]anarnuntx naxxa-
nron, n cnoe xnnre xyny an-Hcnam c ropocrtm paccxa-
stnaer o pesne n Kepene: B syntxara 1216r. (1801r.) Cary co
cnoe apmne nanpannncx n Hpax n nanan na Kepeny. 3ror ro-
po samnmann mnoxecrno neapaon n mnnron, xoropte xorenn
orcroxrt cnom cnxrtnm, xynon nmama maxna an-Xycena, n
pyrne nsnecrnte narponx. Onaxo nocxo ranxna noenno
nx cnno cnoe nept n npeannocrtm eny xnxaa n ynnuro-
xennn ncex nonon n ncero, uro ntramrcx ynoonrt Annaxy.
3ro tno rpannosnoe cpaxenne, +ro tna nennxax pesnx, tnn
nponnrt pexn xponn, no Cary n ero nocxo ntmnn noenre-
nxmn. Onn paspymnnn +ror ontmo xynon, xoropt npecran-
nxn coo onoro ns nennuamnx nonon, xxot ycranonnenno-
ro na mornne an-Xycena nn Iann. Bor raxnm opasom onn o-
crannnn paocrt n camomy nmamy an-Xyceny n ncem ennoox-
nnxam, cneymmnm no nyrn ea an-Xycena, nyumero ns co-
sann Myxammaa (c.r.c.) a yer ononen Annax an-
Xycenom n nce ero npeuncro cemte
392
. a, ecrnnrentno
tnn nponnrt pexn xponn, onaxo +ro tno cenano ne pan
onontcrna an-Xycena n Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), a nx roro urot no-
nonnnrt naxxanrcxym xasny n sapaorart cee xax moxno
ontme nennxnx rpexon
393
.
ymam, uro nocne cnon +roro saxopenenoro naxxanra
ner neoxonmocrn anart xaxne-nno xommenrapnn. ocrarou-
no yxe roro, uro naxxanrt nastnamr an-Xycena nonom n n ro
xe npemx npocxr mnnocrn Annaxa nx sna nn Myannn.
Hexe]
B Ca]ap 1221r. (anpent 1806r.) Cary co cnonmn nocxa-
mn ocann Hexe], nexoroptm ero nonnam axe yanoct sa-
partcx na ero crent, no xnrenn ropoa oxasann nm ocront
ornop, n, necx orpomnte norepn, apmnx Carya tna ntnyxena
orcrynnrt.

392
Myxamma Xamn an-uaxn. Acap a-arna an-naxxanx. C. 84.
393
An-Xart. Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa an-rapanx - C. 176.
146
Hocne nepno neyauno nontrxn n xymaan-yxpa (an-
rycr) cneymmero roa naxxanrt npenpnnxnn nropym nontrxy
saxnara ropoa. Onaxo ero xnrenn tnn roront x +romy nana-
ennm n xann npara c opyxnem n pyxax, no+romy naxxanrt
nanpannnnct n an-Xynnx, xnrenn xoropo raxxe tnn roront
orpasnrt nanaenne, n naxxanram npnmnoct nanpannrtcx n
Kepeny, re nx raxxe ncrpernno noopyxennoe conpornnnenne
xnrene ropoa, nponsomna xpononponnrnax nrna, tnn ont-
mne norepn c oenx cropon, n nrore naxxanrt tnn ntnyxe-
nt orcrynnrt n nanpannrtcx na mr Hpaxa. Hocne +rnx cotrn
onn n reuenne rpex ner ne anann nanomnnxam nosmoxnocrn co-
nepmart xax.
B 1225r. (1810r.) naxxanrt nnont nepnynnct n Hpax,
urot pasopnrt Hexe] n Kepeny, onn noxnponann +rn ropo-
a, nepexptnn nce nocrynt x nnm n nauann ynnart nanomnn-
xon, nanpannxmmnxcx n +rn ropoa. B nenom tno ynro cro
nxrtecxr uenonex. Bor raxoe ynaxenne oxasann naxxanrt nny-
xy Hpopoxa (c.r.c.)
394
.
Bor raxnm opasom, naxxanrt conepmnnn namecrnne na
semnn Hpaxa n nanomnnnn ero xnrenxm o namecrnnn monronon.
Onn npnmenxnn raxrnxy ntxxenno semnn. Kax nsnecrno, ma-
pnar sanpemaer noonoe ornomenne x xnnorntm n, rem onee,
x mycyntmanam.
KljZgu RZfZ
He mentmne snepcrna conepmnnn naxxanrt n n crpanax
Bama. H sect onn ynnann, rpannn, nacnnonann. Hn Famap
paccxastnaer o rom, uro onn conepmnnn n 1225r.
395
y ropt Ta-
nnn ac-canx, pxom c Hanmcom, anee yxastnaer: .nocne
+roro nocxa npomnnct no epennxm, pacnonoxenntm n oxpe-
crnocrxx an-Masnpna n Facpt, hgb aZ[bjZeb \k_, qlh gZoh-
^beb, Z aZl_f ih^`b]Zeb ^_j_\gx. Xnrenxm epenent yanoct
nsexart cmeprn rontxo naroapx romy, uro onn, ycntman o

394
Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa.. C. 176 177.
395
Iynnan an-max.. 1/150 151.
147
npnnnxennn nocx, yexann
396
. anee on nnmer: Onn ynnn
nexoroptx xnrene Bama, n no ncemy pernony, nnnort o a-
macxa, pacnpocrpannncx crpax. Kax nnnre, onn camn npnsna-
mrcx, uro nanonnn na nme crpax, onn ne nmenn npana nocry-
nart c xnrenxmn Bama noontm opasom, axe ecnn t re
tnn xstunnxamn.
Xypan
B 1225r. (1810r.) naxxanrt nanann na Xypan, ycrponnn
ram pesnm, ne mannn axe ere, pasrpannn n paspymnnn o-
ma xnrene ropoa. He cunrax uenoneuecxnx norept, ytrxn
xnrene +roro ropoa or naxxanrcxoro namecrnnx cocrannnn
npnnnsnrentno rpn mnnnnona npxamon
397
.
Xane (Anenno)
3arem naern naxxanron ocrnrnn Anenno, rem camtm
tn nepexptr nyrt mexy Hpaxom n Bamom. Hx orpxt oxo-
nnn axe o Kancnn. Bo npemx nx noxoon tno ynro n sa-
xnaueno n nnen mnoxecrno xnrene +roro pernona. Annax noxe-
nan, urot nx cmyra ntmna sa npeent Apanncxoro nonyocr-
pona
398
.
Hopannx
B 1925r., cornacno crparernuecxnm nnanam anrnnuan,
naxxanrt nanann na Vmm an-Iam, nocrox Hopannn, ynnn
250 uenonex, pasopnnn nx oma, nexoroptx nnennnn
399
. Inannt
nacrannnx naxxanron unnnnnn no +romy nonoy nncan: o
npntrnx ronapa x naxonncx n Hopannn. Ham yanoct nsrnart
Iaynny nn an-Xycena, ero cemtm, orna n parten ns Xnxa-

396
Cpannnre nocxa naxxanron n ocnoonrentnte mycyntmancxne apmnn,
xoroptx nmn ncrpeuann c paocrtm.
397
Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa an-rapanx. C. 175.
398
Tam xe. 3axnarnn Xann n 1922r., onn cxasann ero xnrenxm cneymmee:
Cnymare o xnrenn Xannx. Mt npnmnn rontxo nx roro, urot onecrn
o namnx cepen Hcnam, no+romy nt oxsant nam nounnnrtcx. Ecnn xro-
nno ns nac noxenaer yexart n Hpax, Cnpnm nnn Ernner, ro ero xpont n
nmymecrno yyr oxnnent osnonenntmn, nocxontxy n Hpaxe, Cnpnn n
Ernnre xnnyr nenepnte n xstunnxn. V menx ner axe xommenrapnen. Cm.
Ay an-Ianx ar-Taxnn. an-unpxa an-naxxanx ]n xnmar man?. C. 231.
399
Hmmar am-mnxa. C. 89, Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa. C. 189.
148
sa. Hecmorpx na +ro on tn ouent necronopunn. a, nocnenne
cotrnx oxasann na nero nnnxnne, no on o cnx nop cunran cex
no crenenn ntme Iaynrasnsa n ntme menx. On o cnx nop
cunran, uro xnnxercx nonnonpanntm npannrenem. Bnx ero no-
neenne, x pemnn yxpornrt +roro uenonexa, no+romy nenen Ia-
ynrasnsy nanpannrt orpx ns nocxa parten ns Knptxr an-
mnnxa, nx roro urot onn npornann nnn axe ynnn Iaynny
nn an-Xycena, a or Hn Iynana mt norpeonann, urot on
nnyrpn Hopannn oprannsonan noccranne npornn Iaynnt nn
an-Xycena. V namnx pyse tno nonemee opyxne, n onn
ynnuroxnnn necxontxo rtcxu nnemen, nacenxnmnx an-Fanxa, an-
Xymrar, a raxxe nnemx Fany Caxp, n rom uncne xenmnn n ere.
Hocne +roro Iaynna nn an-Xycen nocroxnno epxan pxom
c coo cnon uemoant. cnpocnn y nero: Kya rt conpa-
emtcx? - on ornernn: roron norn n A. Ecnn nt ne xornre
menx samnrnrt, ro xorx t ornpantre n cctnxy x orny. Tora x
ornernn emy: ree coneronan ne nomorart noncrannam (xoro-
pte noccrann npornn naxxanron), a rt ne nocnyman menx, x re-
e ronopnn, uro enpen nmemr nonnoe npano na Hanecrnny, n rt
nnont ne nocnyman menx.
400

Bor raxnm opasom naxxanrt, nepnte cnyrn unnnnnn,
ynnann nennnntx nme, n n ocoennocrn xenmnn n ere.
Onn cnyxnnn n cnyxar xpncrnanam n enpexm, onn yxe nomornn
nm sannaert Hanecrnno. Ho noponee o +rom nnxe.
Xysan n an-Hn]ar
B 1214r. (1799r.) naxxanrt no npenonrentcrnom Iy-
cmana an-Myan]n nanann na Xysan, ynnn mnornx myxunn n
nnennnn mnornx xenmnn. 3arem conepmnnn naer na an-Hn]ar,
re xnnn noxn nnemenn Fany Iamp. Vnn myxunn n saxnarnn
xenmnn n nnen, onn pasenn nocnennx, n re tnn ntnyxent
nonpocnrt nomat n cornacnnnct npnnxrt naxxanrcxym penn-
rnm
401
.

400
Hactp ac-Carn n cnoem Tapnx.. C. 501, 502; Ca]axar mnn rapnx
an-xasnpa an-rapanx an-xanc. C. 234, 235.
401
oxrop Myxamma Iay an-Xart. Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa an-
rapanx. ap an-mnrpax. C. 179.
149
>hebgZ RZffZj b __ hdj_klghklb
Onnctnax cotrnx 1206r. (1792r.), Hn Famap nnmer:
B +rom roy cocroxncx Hoxo am-myxpa. Cary c orpomno
apmne ns uncna ocentx n xouentx xnrene Hexa nanpa-
nnncx n cropony ropt Bammap. Emy coomnnn, uro y ropt
Bammap, pxom c ncrounnxom am-Byxpa copannct nnemena
Martp, Xap n pyrne. Cary nanan
402
na nnx, ynn nexoroptx
myxunn n saxnarnn mnoxecrno nmymecrna, cpen xoroporo t-
no nocemtcor nepnmon, onnt n onee nanarn nomae. Ho-
cne +roro Cary noxnnyn +ror pernon, orennn ony nxrym
uacrt rpo]een, a ocrantnoe pasan nonnam ns pacuera: nemnm
ona onx, a xonntm ne
403
. Kpome ynomxnyrtx nnemen, n
+rom pernone tnn ynnuroxent eynncxne nnemena as-3a]np,
An Farnx n An 3axapnr
404
. Kora +rn nennnnte nmn ycnenn
npenparnrtcx n nenepntx, xax nocrynnr Annax c nx ynnamn?
Ij_iylkl\by \ kh\_jr_gbb oZ^`Z
Baxxanrt ncera, xora tna nosmoxnocrt, npenxrcrno-
nann nanomnnxam n conepmennn xaxa, npnneem npnmept ns
nx nosopno ncropnn.
Hcropnx naxxansma Hn Famap an-Xanann n cnoe
xnnre Iynnan an-max ]n rapnx an-Hax, paccxastnax o
cotrnxx 1221r. (1806r.), na c. 139 nnmer: Kora Cary
405
or-

402
B apacxom napnanre ynorpenxercx cnono raa (npoxnnxrt npaxy,
npaxecxn nanaart). n.n. Cnono raa camo no cee yxastnaer na ro, uro
naxxanrt nanann na +rn nnemena c npaxecxnmn nenxmn, ro ecrt c nentm
ynrt n orpanrt. Hnrepecno, uro Hn Famap uacro ynomnnaer +ro cnono,
xora paccxastnaer o rom, xax naxxanrt nanaann na mycyntman, ynnann
nx n rpannn. Hanpnmep, cm. Iynnan an-max.. 1/21 n 83, 2/42 n 43.
403
Iynnan an-max. T.1. C. 88-89.
404
Hpaxnm Iaynrann. Ctpar an-ymapa. C. 30.
405
Hycrt ynaxaemte unrarenn ne ymamr, uro naxxanrcxne noenauantnnxn
nce enann no cnoemy ycmorpennm n no npnunne cnoero nenexecrna ynnann
mycyntman. Her, na camom ene naxxanrcxne xoponn n noenauantnnxn e-
crnonann cornacno nexm Hn Iaynnaxxaa n ero noromxon. Hmenno nax-
xanrcxne mexn npnnnmann npncxrn. Hanpnmep, Hn Famap n Iynnan an-
max. r.1, C. 83 paccxastnaer: H n +rom roy (r.e. 1202r. (1788r.)) mex
Myxamma, a cmnnocrnnnrcx na nnm Annax, nenen ncem xnrenxm Hexa n
150
pannncx ns a-aprnn n Mexxy, ro nonenen uappaxy nn Bap-
rany an-Iarnn n ero nmxm orxasart nanomnnxam ns Bama,
Cramyna n npounm n ocryne n Mexxy. Btnonnxx ero npnxas,
uappax nocnan x +mnpy xaxa Iaynne an-Iasmy-name no-
cnanna, xoropt nenen nm ncem nosnpamartcx na ponny
406
. H
anee on c ropocrtm saxnnxer: B +rom roy xnrenn Bama,
Ernnra, Hpaxa n Mapoxxo, sa pexnm ncxnmuennem, ne cmornn
conepmnrt xax. Hpecrantre, oporo unrarent, nce xnrenn
Bama, Ernnra, Hpaxa n Mapoxxo tnn nnment nosmoxnocrn
conepmnrt xax. Ocrantntm xe apaam paspemnnn ncnonnnrt
+ry oxsannocrt.
HklZevgu_ [ueb m[blu
Baxxanrt noenann ne rontxo c apacxnmn nnemenamn,
nacenxnmnmn reppnropnm Apanncxoro nonyocrpona, onn ne
pas nanaann na nanomnnxon, npntnanmnx n Mexxy ns pasnnu-
ntx mycyntmancxnx crpan. Btme mt yxe npnnenn nexoropte
npnmept roro, xax naxxanrt nanaann na nanomnnxon no npemx
noxat Mexxn n Mennt n n reuenne necxontxnx ner ne ana-
nn nm nosmoxnocrt conepmnrt xax.
Pan ocrnxennx cnonx nonnrnuecxnx nene naxxanrt
npenparnnn camte rnannte mycyntmancxne cnxrtnn n sanoxnn-
xon. B 1959r. naxxanrt ne ann nosmoxnocrn conepmnrt xax

pyrnx pernonon npncxrnyrt Caryy nn Iaynrasnsy, a ero nacnennxom
tn oxnnen ctn. a, +ro rax, net on onn ns yuennxon mexa, cm.: Iyn-
nan an-max.. 1/167. H xouercx ormernrt, uro nce naxxanrcxne mexn-
pasonnxn tnn ]anarnuntmn npnnepxennamn +roro yuennx. Ho+romy n
oxsarentnom nopxxe xaxoe nocxo conponoxan naxxanrcxn xasn,
oxsannocrt xoroporo nepexo ncnonnxnn noromxn mexa. Cunraercx, uro
naxxanrcxnm mexam nsnecrnt ocote rant Annaxa, cm.: Iynnan an-
max., 2/63; uro onn moryr rnopnrt uyeca, cm.: Iynnan an-max.,
2/65; uro Annax naxastnaer roro, xro ocmennrcx ynrt mexa, cm.: Iynnan
an-max., 2/69; uro naroapx nx narocnonennm nyr oxn, cm.: Iyn-
nan an-max., 2/98, n uro onn, xnnxxct nmamamn mycyntman, ymnpamr
myuennxamn, cm.: Iynnan an-max., 48.
406
Iynnan an-max.. 1/139.
151
cnpncxnm nanomnnxam, orneprnn ernnercxym xncny
407
n sanpe-
rnnn ernnercxnm nanomnnxamn conepmnrt xax, a nocne peno-
nmnnn n Hemene xnrenn +ro crpant raxxe ne tnn onyment
n Mexxy. Tex xe, xro ouent cnntno xenan conepmnrt xax, sa-
crannnn sannarnrt ouent ontmne entrn. Kax nsnecrno, co-
rnacno mapnary, ycranonnenne nen na noxnonenne Annaxy sa-
npemeno. Fonee roro, naxxanrt axe ynnann nanomnnxon. B
uacrnocrn n 1341r. (1922r.) tnn paccrpenxnt nanomnnxn ns
Hemena, a n 1408r. (1987r.) nanomnnxn ns Hpana.
M[bckl\h c_f_gkdbo iZehfgbdh\
B 1341r. naxxanrt npearentcxn paccrpenxnn rpynny
nanomnnxon ns Hemena. Kax nsnecrno, nanomnnxn ncera xoxr
es opyxnx. Kora cayncxo pasnexe crano nsnecrno, uro n
Mexxy nanpannxercx rpynna nanomnnxon ns Hemena, nancrpeuy
nm tnn ntcnant noennte orpxt. Conart coomnnn, uro
tnn nocnant nx nx oxpant, no xora emennt oxasannct n
onnne Tanyma, conart nx oxpyxnnn n cnepxy nauann paccrpe-
nnnart. Hs +ro rpynnt n xnntx ocrannct rontxo na uenonexa.
Koneuno, naxxanrcxne nnacrn nontrannct onpanartcx rem,
uro conart omnnnct n npnnxnn nanomnnxon sa +xcrpemncron
ns Xnxasa, onaxo +ro tno narno noxtm. Bo-nepntx, mapn-
ar ne nosnonxer ynnart nme rontxo no noospennm. Bo-
nroptx, na cnnerenx, ocranmnxcx n xnntx, nornepnnn ror
]axr, uro conart nexoropoe npemx nx conponoxann n ycnenn
yenrtcx, uro onn tnn esopyxntmn
408
. Kax nt ymaere,
cxontxo emencxnx nanomnnxon ynnn naxxanrt? Lukyqm
^\_klb
409
.
M[bckl\h iZehfgbdh\ ba BjZgZ
Bo npemx +ro onn nornno 329 nanomnnxon n ont-
moe uncno tno paneno. B +ror ro npancxne nanomnnxn mnn
enno rpynno, ntpaxann cnoe orpeuenne or nenepntx, npn-

407
Cnennantnoe noxptnano nx Kaat, xoropte otuno nsrorannnnanoct n
Ernnre. n.n.
408
an-Xart. Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa. C. 198 199.
409
Tam xe. C. 201.
152
stnann mycyntman x enncrny n cxannponann nosynrn:
Cmeprt Amepnxe! Cmeprt CCCP! Cmeprt Hspannm! Mycynt-
mane oennxrect! Kora +ra rpynna tna neanexo or an-
Xapama n conpanact nanpannrtcx n meuert, urot conepmnrt
rana], naxxanrcxne noennte orxptnn no nnm oront ns anroma-
ron n nnnronox. O Annax, naxaxn +rnx nme
410
.
<ZooZ[blu mamjibjh\Zeb f_klh bfZfZ \ f_q_lb Ze-OZjZf
3a ncm ncropnm Hcnama nn ono nnxenne nnxora ne
nosnonxno cee saxnartnart n ysypnnponart mecro nmama n Me-
uern an-Xapam. Vuente, npecrannrenn pasnnuntx masxaon,
ncnonnxnn oxsannocrn nmama n +ro meuern, unrann npononen
n anann nepymmnm nacrannennx. B namn xe nn nn onn yue-
nt, xaxnm t opasonanntm on nn tn, ne onycxaercx x nc-
nonnennm oxsannocre nmama, xarta nnn myappnca n meuern
an-Xapam n axe n meuern Hpopoxa (c.r.c.). 3rn nocrt sannmamr
rontxo naxxanrt-xamannrt. Bex Iann xanp, sannmanmn
nocr nmama n +ro meuern nexoropoe npemx, tn nsrnan orrya
rontxo sa ro, uro no npemx montt xynyr orxasancx npocnrt y
Annaxa nomomn nx nocx, nomemnx na reppnropnm Hpaxa.
Meuert an-Xapam xnnxercx ocroxnnem mycyntman ncero mnpa,
n nnxro ne nmeer npano ee ysypnnponart, no xaxomy xe npany
+ro enamr naxxanrt?
411

: qlh ^Zevr_?
Vnaxaemte unrarenn, nor mt n sanepmnnn rnany o xpo-
nano ncropnn naxxansma, xpome ynomxnyrtx, moxno npnno-
nrt eme mnoxecrno npnmepon naxxanrcxoro reppopa. Ho sa-
nepmennn +ro rnant nosnnxamr nonpoct: Heyxenn nce xnrenn

410
urot nnuno yenrtcx no ncex +rnx snepcrnax, moxere osnaxomnrtcx c
pesyntraramn paort mexrocyapcrnenno xomnccnn no npanam uenonexa,
nsnoxenntmn n xnnre Hpana uenonexa n KCA, c. 119 143, a raxxe c xnn-
ro uaxa an-Kaxrann Pesnx nanomnnxon n Caynn - ac-Ca]a, Honon.
411
Mycyntmancxne yuente n meuern an-Xapam ncera unrann npononen, xo-
ropte tnn nonesnt nx mycyntman, n nnxora ne ntcrynann c npononexmn
n uecrt cronernx nosnnxnonennx KCA, xax +ro cenan mex ac-Cyac n
1419r. (1998r.), mnorne nmn no npemx +ro npononen npocro noxnnynn me-
uert.
153
Apanncxoro nonyocrpona tnn nepoorcrynnnxamn? 3acnyxnnn
nn onn x cee raxoe ornomenne? Heyxenn onn tnn xpncrnana-
mn n nyexmn, orxasanmnmncx nnarnrt xnstx? Heyxenn cana-
]t nocrynann noontm opasom? Heyxenn cnonnxnnxn Hpo-
poxa (c.r.c.) c raxo xe xecroxocrtm ynnann ennooxnnxon?
A moxer trt, caxaam +ro tno sanpemeno, a naxxanram pas-
pemeno? Houemy +rn eynnt ynnann nmenno rex, xro cnne-
rentcrnonan, uro ner oxecrna, xpome Annaxa? Heyxenn onn ne
oxnnct, uro Hpopox (c.r.c.) n Cynt ent npexnnr npornn
nnx ncx? Bcnomnnre, xora onn ns cnonnxnnxon Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.) ynn uenonexa, cxasanmero Her oxecrna, xpome An-
nax, ymax, uro ror nponsnocnr +rn cnona rontxo ns-sa crpaxa,
ro Hpopox (c.r.c.) cnntno orpyran ero n cxasan: A rt sarnxnyn
emy n cepne? Ho xaxomy xe npany naxxanrt nosnonxmr cee
ynnart rex, xro npnsnaer, uro ner oxecrna, xpome Annaxa?
Kax moryr +rn xamannrt xnenerart n apec npanentx cana]on?
B ro xe npemx onn ncex neyrontx oxnnxmr xapnxnramn, a
pasne camn onn ne nocrynamr noono xapnxnram? K xomy xe
+ror repmnn noxonr ontme ncero? Bsrnxnnre na +rnx naxxa-
nron-xamannron, na nx yexennx n nt ynnnre, uro onn, rax
xe xax n nyen, npnepxnnamrcx anrponomop]ncrcxo rpax-
ronxn oxecrnenntx arpnyron, n rax xe xecroxn, xax xapn-
xnrt
412
.
Baxxanrt onee xecroxn n onee onacnt, uem nx npe-
mecrnennnxn ac-ca]pnrt, an-aspaxnrt, an-naxnrt
413
. Onn
nyr nyrem cnonx npaeon ns nnemenn Fany Xann]
414
, xora re
orcrynnnn or nept.
Vnaxaemte unrarenn, mt nosnaxomnnn nac c ncropne
naxxansma, a raxxe c nexoroptmn ns nx yexenn, no+romy n

412
Caxr an-xannar. Bex Axma nn Xam an-Xannnn. C. 42-58.
413
Hmeercx n nny, uro nce +rn nnxennx tnn npecrannent xnrenxmn
Hexa n naunnannct c nnemenn Fany Xann].
414
Hsnecrno, uro conpemennax naxxanrcxax +nnra axe ropnrcx rem ]ax-
rom, uro nponcxonr ns nnemenn Mycanamt, Fany Xann]. Taxxe cm. y Hn
Famapa: Iynnan an-max., 2/5.
154
cneymme rnane mt ocranonnmcx na nx yexennxx onee no-
pono.
=eZ\Z q_l\_jlZy
M[_`^_gby (Zdu^Z) oZrZ\blh\
Baxxanrcxax axta no cnoe cyrn xnnxercx ononnen-
no axto xamannron, xoropte npnnnctnann Annaxy rene-
cnocrt n cunrann, uro On, rax xe xax nmn, xonr, cmeercx n
conepmaer npoune exnnx, noonte nmcxnm. Hmenno o no-
cneonarenxx +ro axtt nmam an-xa]ns an-Kypryn n cnoe
xnnre Ar-Tnsxap (c. 208) cxasan: Hanonee nepntm xnnxercx
mnenne o rom, uro +rn nmn nenepnte, net nx yexennx nn-
uem ne ornnuamrcx or yexenn rex, xro noxnonxercx ncryxa-
nam n nsopaxennxm. To xe camoe o nnx cxasan n nmam an-
Hanann n An-Maxmyr: mapx an-myxassa (4/253). Bor xaxnm
nyrem cneymr nocneonarenn Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa.
Baxxanrt n camn snamr necocroxrentnocrt cnonx yexenn,
nmenno no+romy onn oxrcx ncrynart n orxptrte ncxyccnn. B
+ro rnane mt yem ronopnrt o yexennxx +rnx xapnxnron,
net nmenno o nnx Hpopox (c.r.c.) cxasan: Onn yyr unrart
Kopan, no on ne nonnmercx ntme nx ropna.
Kl_j`_gv oZrZ\blkdhc Zdu^u
Crepxnem xamannrcxo axtt xnnxercx npnnnctnanne
Annaxy renecnocrn n, coornercrnenno xauecrn, npncymnx renam.
Kax nsnecrno, naxxanrt npnuncnxmr cex x xanannrcxomy
masxay, nmenno no+romy n +ro xnnre mt yem npnnonrt on-
ponepxennx, nanncannte npornn nnx onnm ns xanannrcxnx
yuentx. Mt yem cctnartcx na xnnry >Zn] rm[Zo Zl-
lZr[bo [b Zdmnn Zl-lZgabo (MkljZg_gb_ khfg_gbc \ hl-
ghr_gbb mih^h[e_gby ihs_qbgZfb hqbs_gby), anropom
xoropo xnnxercx nmam :[m Ze-NZjZ^` =Z[^jZofZg [bg Ze-
>`Z\ab Ze-OZg[Zeb (ym. 597r. (1200r.)). 3ra xnnra tna npo-
nepena n yrounena Myxammaom Mynnpom, nmamom Henrpa
nomomn n xyntrypntx nccneonann. ap an-xnnan, a/x
5279/14, Fepyr, Hnnan.
155
G_dhlhju_ \u^_j`db ba \\_^_gby FmoZffZ^Z FmgbjZ
Xnana Annaxy, Iocnoy mnpon. Mnp n narocnonenne
namemy rocnonny Myxammay, a raxxe ncem ero cnonnxnn-
xam n nocneonarenxm. a yer ononen Annax ncemn yuent-
mn, xoropte samnmann pennrnm n npnnoxnnn cnon ycnnnx n
ene orpaxennx nanaox nenepntx, esoxnnxon, myxaccnmn-
ron
415
, mymanxnron
416
n pyrnx sanymnx cexranron. 3rn
yuente pasxcnnnn nam, uro ecrt ncrnna, a uro noxt. yoc-
ronncx uecrn osnaxomnrtcx c xnnro An-Fas an-amxy an-
mynxn ranx myxann]n an-masxa, npnnanexame nepy yue-
noro Iapaxmana nn Ay an-Xacana Iann nn Myxammaa an-
Kypamn ar-Tanmn an-Faxpn an-Faran an-Xanann, nsnecrno-
ro xax Hn an-xansn. B +ro xnnre on onponepraer cnona rex,
xro npnnnctnaer nmamy Axmay nn Xanany noxnte yexe-
nnx n xnenemer na nero. Ho xaxomy nsnecrno, uro na onm +ro-
ro nennxoro nmama ntnann cnoxnemne ncntrannx, onaxo on
ntcroxn n noenn. 3ra xnnra xnnxercx xcntm ornerom myra-
nram, npnepxnnammnmcx ne myxaccnmnron. Ona ecrt oc-
rpt meu mapnara, pasxmn nx yexennx, ona ocrpoe xonte
pasyma, nosnocxmee onot mapnara. cnte onot +ro xnnrn
paspymamr nce noxnte nen, npncymne +rnm sanymnm nm-
xm.
<u^_j`db ba \\_^_gby kZfh]h B[g Ze->`Z\ab
samernn, uro nexoropte ns namnx xonner ntcxastna-
mr noxnte nen ornocnrentno ocnon nept. Tpoe ns nnx: Ay
Iaynna nn Xamn, ero yuennx xasn an-uappa n Fnn as-
3arynn axe ocmennnnct nanncart xnnrn, xoroptmn onosopnnn
nam masxa, a camn onycrnnnct o yponnx npocronmnnon. Fo-
xecrnennte xauecrna onn coornecnn co cnonmn uenoneuecxnmn
omymennxmn, a ycntman, uro Annax cosan uenonexa n cnoem

415
Or apacxoro raxcnm npnnnctnanne renecnocrn, ynoonenne reny.
3ror repmnn yxastnaer, uro naxxanrt npnnnctnamr Annaxy renecnocrt
n.n.
416
Or apacxoro ramnx ynoonenne. 3ror repmnn yxastnaer, uro nax-
xanrt ynoonxmr Annaxa nmxm n.n.
156
opase, npnnncann Emy opas, nnno, rnasa, por, xstxn, syt, ne
pyxn, nantnt, xncrt, rpyt, epo, ronent, norn n r... Onn ns
nnx cxasann: Mt ne cntmann, urot ynomnnanact ronona.
pyrne cxasann: On moxer nac norporart, n mt moxem norpo-
rart Ero. On cnocoen npnnnsnrt paa x cnoe oxecrnenno
cymnocrn. Tpertn cxasann: On tmnr. 3rn nmn nauann
rpaxronart oxecrnennte xauecrna n npxmom cmtcne n ann nm
nonte, ocene nensnecrnte nmena, na xoropte ner onoa nn co
cropont pasyma, nn co cropont cnxmenntx rexcron. Onn ne o-
pamamr nnnmannx na rexcrt, xoropte yxastnamr na nepenocnoe
snauenne oxecrnenntx arpnyron. Hm ne ocrarouno, uro onn
ntymann arpnyr ecrnne, x nemy onn oannnn arpnyr
cymnocrt, sarem onn ntymann xauecrna cymnocrn n cxasann:
Mt ne conpaemcx rpaxronart +rn xauecrna cornacno npannnam
xstxa, mt ne cranem nastnart pyxy mnnocrtm, morymecrno n
nnxenne oporo, ronent rpynocrtm. Haoopor, onn
saxnnnn: Mt yem rpaxronart +rn arpnyrt rax, xax ecrt, n
npxmom cmtcne, cornacno romy, uro nam nsnecrno o uenonexe.
Ocnona n npxmo rpaxronxe cnon, a ne nepenocno. B ro xe
npemx nm ne npannrcx, uro nx nastnamr mymanxnramn, onn
saxnnxmr: Mt cynnnrt, - xorx na camom ene nx cnona xn-
noe ynoonenne Fora uenonexy, n, x coxanennm, sa nnmn no-
cneonann nexoropte npocronmnnt. ncem nm an nacranne-
nne: Pasne nt ne xnnxerect nocneonarenxmn nmama, xoropt
axe no nnertm nanaua cxasan: Kax x mory cxasart ro, uero ne
cxasan Annax? He cmere nnonrt nra n masxa +roro nmama.
Bt saxnnxere, uro yere rpaxronart n npxmom cmtcne n xanct
roxe. Hsnecrno nn nam, uro xora xpncrnanam cxasann, uro Hn-
cyc yx oxn, ro onn noymann, uro n Maptxm ncennncx oxe-
crnennt arpnyr, nastnaemt yxom. Ecnn nt yrnepxaere,
uro nosnecenne (an-ncrnna) nponsomno c oxecrnenno cymnoc-
rtm, ro nt yxe nepenocnre Annaxa n xareropnm omymaemoro.
He satnare, uro ocnono xnnxercx pasym, nmenno naroapx
emy mt nosnann cymecrnonanne Annaxa n Ero nsneunocrt. Ecnn
t nt cxasann: Mt yem unrart xanct n nomanxnnart, - ro
nam nnxro nnuero ne cxasan t, nt xe pemnnn nx rpaxronart n
157
yxnantnom snauennn. He nnocnre n masxa +roro npanenoro
nmama ro, uero n nem ne tno. Bt npnnnecnn n +ror masxa
rnycnoe, no+romy ceuac nmn no cnonom xanannr nonn-
mamr myxaccnm. 3arem, x cnonm yexennxm nt oannnn
nounranne sna nn Myannn, no nam nsnecrno, uro nam nmam
paspemnn npoxnnnart +roro uenonexa. Hs-sa raxnx, xax nt, Ay
Myxamma ar-Tamnmn cxasan: '3ror masxa noxptncx nosopom,
xoropt ne cmoxer ormtrt nnnort o Cynoro nx.
Bsrnxnnre na +rn cnona, nacxontxo onn coornercrnymr
name c namn ceronxmne ecrnnrentnocrn. Conpemennte
xapnxnrt (naxxanrt) nonnocrtm nepenxnn nce nacnene cno-
nx npexon, o nosopnocrn xoroporo nncan Hn an-xansn. Onn
nepymr n xnnyr n coornercrnnn c +rnm nacnenem.
G_dhlhju_ ijbf_ju eh`guo
oZrZ\blkdbo m[_`^_gbc
Xamannrt npnepxnnamrcx nexoroptx ne, cnxsanntx
c oxecrnenntmn nmenamn n arpnyramn n oemannxmn narpa
n Pam n naxasann n Ay, a raxxe c pyrnmn nonoxennxmn, or-
nocxmnmncx x onacrn axtt. Bcex, xro ne cornacen c nx nex-
mn, onn oxnnxmr nenepntmn, pacnyrnnxamn, sanymnmn n
myranramn. Ha camom xe ene y nnx ner ocrarountx onoon
nx oxasarentcrna cnoe npanort. Hcrounnxom +rnx ne cny-
xar nexoropte xanct, nmemmne rontxo crenent axa
417
, uro
nnonne onycxaer omnxy nepearunxa nnn satnunnocrt, nnn
eme xaxne-nno neocrarxn. Hmenno no+romy onn camn nyramr-
cx n cnoe axte, sauacrym nt moxere samernrt, xax onn npn-
cnymnnamrcx x mnennm rex yuentx, xoroptx nuepa eme ornep-
rann, a sanrpa onn moryr orpeutcx or roro, no uro nepnnn nuepa.
Mnorne cynnnrcxne yuente nanncann onponepxennx nx neono-
rnn, cpen nnx an-Kaycapn, ac-Caxxa], npo]eccop Ay Iya,
mex Ay Hcxax am-Bnpasn, nmam Ay Faxp am-Bamn n p.
Cpen xnnr, xpnrnxymmnx naxxanrcxym neonornm, nt moxe-

417
B onom ns snenten nenouxn nepearunxon raxoro xanca npncyrcrnyer
rontxo onn nepearunx. n.n.
158
re ncrpernrt An-Myxracap, nanncannt rpynno ma]nrnr-
cxnx yuentx, Ar-Tasxnpa am-mapxnx nmama as-3yen.
Xamannrt-naxxanrt, nocneonan sa carano, sanyn-
nnct no mnornx nonpocax, cnxsanntx c axto, anee mt yno-
mxnem nexoropte ns nnx.
1. Vrnepxenne o rom, uro Annax +ro reno.
Hn Temnx n cnoe xnnre Ar-Tacnc ]n pa ycyc ar-
raxnc (1/101), no cnoemy otuam, uyncrnyx cnom neocnopn-
mym npanory, nnmer: Hn n Kopane, nn n cynne, nn n cnonax ca-
na]on n nmamon ner onponepxennx roro, uro Annax xnnxercx
renom n uro Ero arpnyrt xnnxmrcx renamn nnn xnnennxmn (ax-
nnennnxmn). Kax nnnre, ero cnona npornnopeuar axry, n xo-
ropom cxasano: G_l gbq_]h, ih^h[gh]h ?fm (42:11), B g_ [u-
eh jZ\gh]h ?fm (112:4). A renecnocrt yxe cama no cee ecrt
noone. Hpopox (c.r.c.) n onom ns cnonx xancon cxasan: Her
nnuero noxoxero na Hero, pannoro n noonoro Emy
418
. B xa-
uecrne nanonee xpxoro ornera naxxanram xouy npnnecrn pnna-
xr an-Faxaxn o nmame Axmae: Hmam Axma, orpnnax rene-
cnocrt Annaxa, cxasan: Foxecrnennte arpnyrt nsxrt ns nc-
rounnxon mapnara n apacxoro xstxa. Vuente-xstxonet no
+rnm cnonom (reno. n.n.) nmemr n nny cycrannnm, onaam-
mym pasmepom, xaxnm-nno cocranom n opasom, uro xe xacaer-
cx Annaxa, ro on npentme ncero +roro, no+romy mt ne nnpane
nastnart Ero renom. Tem onee, uro n mapnare ner onoon,
nornepxammnx raxo arpnyr.
anee, Hn an-Kanm n cnoe xnnre Ac-Canarnx an-
mypcana yrnepxaer, uro y Annaxa ecrt ronent, a xpome +roro
paccyxaer o rom, uro ecnn Annax n Kopane ronopnr o ono
ronenn, ro +ro ne snaunr, uro nropo y nero ner: Hocmorpnre,
Annax n Kopane coomaer nam o ono ronenn, xoropax xnnx-
ercx Ero arpnyrom. Ho pasne +ro cnnerentcrnyer o rom, uro y
Hero ner nropo ronenn? Hanpnmep, nam xro-ro cxasan: or-
xptn cno rnas, nnn Hpnorxptn xoneno, nnn Hpnorxptn

418
Hpnnonrcx y an-Xaxnma n An-Mycrapax n xance or Vax nn Kara,
nenouxa xanca ocronepna.
159
ronent, pasne +ro nopasymenaer, uro y nero ner nroporo raxoro
xe?
419

anee Hn an-Kanm yrnepxaer, uro y Annaxa ecrt ox
(xan). B Ac-Canarnx an-mypcana (1/250) n Myxracap ac-
canarnx (1/23), onnpaxct na cnona Annaxa: H ]hj_ fg_ aZ lh,
qlh y [ue g_jZ^b\ ih hlghr_gbx d (n apacxom napnanre ]n
xannnnxx. - n.n.) :eeZom' (39:56), nnmer: Kopan no-
rnepxaer nannune y Annaxa raxoro arpnyra, xax ox, n pas-
ne re-nnyt cxasano, uro y Hero ner nroporo oxa? Hoont
oopor ne xnnxercx cnnerentcrnom n nontsy roro, uro nropo
raxo xe orcyrcrnyer. Hanpnmep, Hpopox (c.r.c.) Inmpany nn
Xycanny cxasan: Conepma monnrny crox, ecnn ne moxemt
crox, ro cnx, ecnn ne moxemt cnx, ro na oxy, - +ro xe ne
snaunr, uro y +roro uenonexa tn rontxo onn ox. Kax nnnre,
+ror yuent cpannnnaer Annaxa c Inmpanom nn Xycannom,
ynoonxer Ero emy. Taxoe mor nanncart rontxo sanymn
cnenen. Ecnn xro-nno ntcxastnaer noonte nen, ro +ro sna-
unr rontxo ro, uro +ror uenonex nepnyncx no npemena xstuecrna.
Kax coomaer Hn an-Iapan an-Mannxn n cnoe xnnre An-
Ianactm (2/283), Ay rnx, cnyxnnmn npnmepom nx Hn
Temnn, n nonce cxasan: Bt moxere oxsart menx ncem, uem
yrono, xpome opot n nocrtntx mecr. Xa]ns Hn an-
xansn n cnoe xnnre a]r myax ar-ramnx n axy]] ar-
ransnx nopono anannsnpyer nce nen +rnx yuentx n npnno-
nr uerxne n xcnte onponepxennx. Ecnn xe nt osnaxomnrect c
xnnro Hran ar-rannn
420
, raxxe npnnanexame nepy Hn
an-Kanma, ro nomere, uro y +roro uenonexa ne tno axe +ne-
menrapntx snann o Hcname, xax yrnepxaer Hn an-xansn.
2. Bonpoc o nnxennn.
Iycman nn Carn a-apnmn n cnoem onponepxennn,
nanncannom npornn Famapa an-Mapncn, na 25 crp. ronopnr: On
cosan uenonexa, npnxacaxct x nemy Cnonmn pyxamn, on yno-

419
An-Myctnn. Myxracap ac-canarnx an-mypcana nn Hn an-Kanm. - ap
an-ractma, +p-Pnx C. 31 32.
420
Hpnnonrcx c coxpamennem ns xnnrn Ar-Tann n man raaa ar-
ranxn mexa Xacana ac-Caxxa]a, c. 19 23.
160
mnnaer +ro necxontxo pas, n nt moxere npnrn x ntnoy o rom,
uro Annax cnennn uenonexa ns rnnnt Cnonmn pyxamn. Ha c. 20
cxasano: Xnno, neuno cymn. On nnxercx, ecnn noxenaer,
moxer nonnmartcx n cnycxartcx, xnarart n ornycxart, ncranart
n canrtcx. 3rn nce xauecrna npncymn Emy, noromy uro nmenno
nnxenne ornnuaer xnnoe or meprnoro. Bce xnnoe nenpemenno
nnxercx, a nce meprnoe naxonrcx n noxoe. An-Kaycapn no
+romy nonoy nanncan cneymmee: Foxecrno +roro ac-
caxasncxoro
421
enxrn ncraer, xonr, nnxercx, nepoxrno, on
nosanmcrnonan +rn neponannx y cnonx cocee, noxnonxnmnxcx
xopone
422
. Kro ecrnnrentno nepnr n +ro, ror no ennornacnomy
mnennm yuentx, xnnxercx nenepntm. Iope rem, xro conepmaer
cnon monnrnt n saxnmuaer paxn, npoonxax npnepxnnartcx
noontx yexenn. Eme ontmee rope rem, xro nnmer xnnrn,
n xoroptx nsnaraer +rn yexennx n pacnpocrpanxer +rn xnnrn
cpen nme. Bor xaxoro ranxna onn npnepxnnamrcx.
3. Bonpoc o nosntmennocrn.
Iycman a-apnmn na c. 100 nnmer: Kro nam cxasan, uro
nepmnna ropt ne moxer trt nnxe x Annaxy, uem ee nono-
xne, xro nam cxasan, uro nepmnna mnnapera ne moxer trt
nnxe x Annaxy, uem ero ocnonanne. An-Kaycapn na +ro orne-
uaer: 3rn cnona yxastnamr na ro, uro +ror uenonex cnennantno
nonnmancx na ropy n na mnnaper, urot nocmorpert na cnoe
oxecrno. Bnnmo, rax xe nocrynan ero xappannrcxn nacran-
nnx ns Cant, nmnnmn noxnonxrtcx renam, naxoxmnmcx na-

421
aercx namex na ocnonononoxnnxa xamannrcxnx ne Myxammaa nn
Kappama ac-Caxasn, xoropt xnnxercx anropom xstuecxo axtt. O ero
nocneonarenxx xappamnrax, xoroptx nocnenaer Hn Temnx, nmam Ia-
ynxanp an-Faran, n cnoe xnnre Vcynt a-nn, c. 337, cxasan cneym-
mee: Mt oxsant oxnnrt nenepntmn xappamnrcxnx myxaccnmnron Xo-
pacana, noromy uro onn ntcxastnamrcx o nannunn y Annaxa nnxne rpann-
nt. Hmenno c nee, no nx mnennm, naunnaercx Tpon. Kpome roro, onn cunra-
mr, uro Annax nonepxen nsmenennxm. Fonee nopono on nnmer o nnx n
cnoe xnnre An-uypyx ana an-]npax, c. 337. Kpome nero npnnepxennen
+rnx ne oxnnnn nenepntmn an-Kypryn n Ar-Tnsxap, c. 208, n an-
Hanann n An-Maxmyr, 4/253.
422
Peut ner o nyexx. n.n.
161
nepxy. Ha camom xe ene Annax npentme nonxrnx mecro, nn-
socrt x Annaxy onpeenxercx ne mecrom, n Kopane no +romy no-
noy cxasano: Ihdehgbkv b ijb[ebavky, n n xance Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.) raxxe cxasano: Hanonee nnsox pa x cnoemy Iocnoy
no npemx semnoro noxnona, (npnnonrcx y an-Hacan n pyrnx).
A x uemy nac npnstnaer +ror enxra? On ronopnr nam: 3ae-
pnct na ropy nnn mnnaper, rora rt cranemt nnxe x cnoemy
Fory. Pasne moxer trt ontmee nenepne, uem +ro?
4. Bonpoc o nocceannn Annaxa, uncr On or ncero, uro
emy npnnnctnamr nenepnte, na Tpone.
Taxoro mnennx npnepxnnannct a-apnmn, Hn Temnx
n Hn an-Kanm. Iycman a-apnmn no +romy nonoy na c. 74
nnmer: a, On cnnr na Tpone, onaxo, pxom c coo ocrannn
paccroxnne n uertpe nantna, a na c. 85 on npoonxaer: Ecnn
t On noxenan, ro ocenan t xomapa, no naroapx Ero mory-
mecrny n mnnocepnm, xomap cmor t ero yepxart, ne ronopx
yxe o rpone
423
. An-Kaycapn no +romy nonoy orneuaer: 3ror
uenonex npnnonr npnmep c noopaxaemtm nocceannem Anna-
xa na cnnne xomapa n xenaer cxasart, uro Tpon ontme xomapa n
Annax na nem rem onee moxer cnert. Hoont nsop x cnt-
man rontxo or ac-Caxasn n Hn Temnn an-Xappann. Fonee
roro, nexoropte myxaccnmnrt yrnepxamr, uro n Cynt
ent On pxom c Coo nocanr Hpopoxa Myxammaa (c.r.c.).
urot oxasart ncrnnnocrt cnonx yrnepxenn, onn ntymann
necxontxo xancon n npnnncann a-apxyrnn nycrnmne: He
orneprare, uro On cnnr, ne orneprare, uro On moxer canrt-
cx, - a norynr Annax +rnx nxenon.
Hpenonaraercx, uro +ro nycrnmne a-apxyrnn npnnn-
can nno Hn Kanm, nno ero nacrannnx an-Iamapn. Onn ns
ymannmenntx npecrannrene nx cexrt cxasan: Ecnn t xro-
nno noxnxncx pasnoom, uro Annax nocanr pxom c Coo na

423
To xe camoe nnmer Hn Temnx n xnnre Ar-Tacnc ]n pa ycyc ar-
raxnc, 1/568.
162
Tpon
424
Myxammaa, ro x cxasan t: a, rt npan, a nosacr
emy Annax no sacnyram.
Onn ns yuentx mex an-Kanyn cxasan: B nacnenn,
ocrannennom Hpopoxom (c.r.c.) nt ne naere cnnerentcrn n
nontsy roro, uro Annax sannmaer nosntmennoe nonoxenne n
ocxsaemom (]nsnuecxom n.n.) nnane, +ro mnenne ocnonano na
cnatx n ntymanntx cnnerentcrnax. uro xe xacaercx ocro-
nepntx, ro n nnx nt ne naere yxasannx na +ro. anee on ro-
nopnr: Taxoro ner ne rontxo n npeannxx or Hpopoxa (c.r.c.),
no n n npeannxx or ero cnonnxnnxon. Ecnn xe ncrpernre no-
onoe, ro snare, uro +ro noxt. Mt pocaem xamannram nt-
son, nycrt onn npnneyr nam xorx t ono ocronepnoe cnne-
rentcrno n nontsy roro, uro Annax pacnonoxnncx na Tpone nnn
nosneccx na nero n ]nsnuecxom nonnmannn +roro cnona. Kpome
roro, mt pocaem nm ntson n npnrnamaem na orxptrym ncxyc-
cnm no +romy nonpocy, a raxxe no pyrnm nonpocam axtt.
OZrZ\blu b f_lZnhju (fZ^`Za)
Hcenocana]nrt nonnocrtm ornepramr nannune mera]op
n Kopane n cynne, aprymenrnpyx +ro rem, uro mera]opa coep-
xnr n cee onm nxn. urot pasxcnnrt unrarenm cyrt neme,
mt nnauane xorenn t art onpeenenne mera]opt. Mera]opa
(maxas), no mnennm yuentx sannmammnxcx crnnncrnxo apa-
cxoro xstxa, +ro nepenoc ocnonnoro snauennx cnona n nontsy
xaxoro-ro pyroro, no rontxo n rom cnyuae, ecnn mexy +rnmn
nymx snauennxmn ecrt xaxax-nno cnxst n npncyrcrnyer ocro-
xrentcrno, ne onycxammee ncnontsonanne ocnonnoro snauennx.
Hanpnmep, Annax n Kopane cxasan: Qlh[u l_[y \ajZklbeb
ih^ Fhbf ]eZahf (20:39), ro ecrt urot rex nspacrnnn no
Monm npncmorpom. Kax nnnre, n annom axre ne nmeercx n
nny nacroxmn rnas, n n Kopane c cynno raxnx npnmepon
ouent mnoro.

424
Mnenne o ro, uro n Cynt ent Hpopox (c.r.c.) yer cnert na Tpone
pxom c Annaxom, xnnxercx nra. Ono nocxonr x Hn Temnn, Mnnxax
ac-cynna, 1/260 261.
163
Houemy xe ncenocana]nrt orpnnamr maxas? a noro-
my, uro on nonnocrtm paspymaer nx anrponomop]ncrcxym reo-
pnm. Ecnn onn nce cnona, yxastnammne na uenonexonoone,
naunyr rpaxronart n mera]opnuecxom snauennn, ro y nnx ne oc-
ranercx nnxaxnx onoon nx nornepxennx cnonx yexenn.
pyrax npnunna onn crporo cneymr npnmepy cnoero nacran-
nnxa Hn Temnn, xoropt cunran nepenocnym rpaxronxy cnx-
menntx rexcron neonycrnmo nra n ne npnsnanan mera]opt.
Ho+romy necmorpx na ero sanyxenne yuennxn ntnyxent
cneonart sa cnonm yunrenem. Vnaxaemt mex Myxamma an-
Iasasn, nncnexrop pennrnosntx ]axyntreron An-Asxapa,
npo]eccop apacxoro xstxa n nnreparypt npn nororonnrent-
nom nncrnryre As-3axaxnx, xnnxxct coanropom xnnrn Hn
Temnx nxca cana]nxn
425
(Hn Temnx ne cana]nr), npn-
nanexame nepy mexa Mancypa Myxammaa an-Iynaca, o
ornomennn Hn Temnn x mera]opam nnmer: Hensnpax na
mnennx ero croponnnxon x ne nocrecnxmct saxnnrt, uro Hn
Temnx tn nnmen nnreparypnoro nxyca n no+romy noome ne
mor nponnxnyrt n rant apacxoro xstxa
426
. Orpnnanne mera-
]opnuecxo rpaxronxn cnxmenntx rexcron cnyxnr eme onnm
onoom n nontsy cnaocrn nosnnnn xamannron-
ncenocana]nron, onn ne n cocroxnnn nonxrt nn Kopan, nn cyn-
ny, nn cam apacxn xstx. uro xe xacaercx mycyntmancxo ym-
mt, ro ona, sa pexnm ncxnmuennem, onycxaer mera]opnuec-
xym n nepenocnym rpaxronxy. anee n xauecrne onoa mt xo-
rnm npnnecrn ntcxastnannx yuentx, npecrannrene masxaon.
Am-Banxann no +romy nonoy n cnoe xnnre Hpma an-
]axyn na c. 22 nnmer: Ho ennornacnomy mnennm yuentx, n
apacxom xstxe cymecrnymr mera]opt n nepenocnt cmtcn.
Enncrnennt, xro ne cornacen c +rnm, - Ay Hcxax an-
Hc]apannn, no ero necornacne yxastnaer na cnaoe snanne xst-
xa. Emy cneyer nnxe nosnaxomnrtcx c +rnm xstxom, nosnart

425
Hs-no ap an-naxa na-rapanx, r.1, c. 37, 1970r.
426
A, cneonarentno, ne moryr nponnxnyrt n rant Kopana n cynnt, no-
cxontxy onn nncnocnant na apacxom xstxe n.n.
164
ero ncrnnt n mera]opt, xoropte xcnt nmomy snaroxy xstxa.
Hpnnox onot, on ronopnr: Ecnn t n apacxom xstxe npn-
cyrcrnonann mera]opt, ro nmxm tno t rpyno nonxrt pyr
pyra, nocxontxy n nexoroptx cnryannxx ocroxrentcrna, orpn-
nammne ocnonnoe snauenne, moryr trt yrepxnt. Ha camom
ene +rn ocroxrentcrna ne moryr trt yrepxnt, a cymecrnona-
nne mera]op xcnee conneunoro nx. Hn xann no +romy no-
noy nnmer: Fontmax uacrt xstxa npecrannena mera]opamn n
nepenocntm cmtcnom. Ionopxr, uro xxot Ay Iann an-uapncn
npnepxnnaercx rouxn spennx an-Hc]apannn, x rax ne ymam,
nocxontxy snam ero xax ontmoro snaroxa apacxoro xstxa. Ho-
cxontxy mera]opt n nepenocnte snauennx npncyrcrnymr n
apacxom xstxe, onn raxxe npncyrcrnymr n n Kopane. Hpnuem
nx ouent mnoro, no nosnart nx moryr rontxo re, xro ornnuaer
ocnonnoe snauenne or nepenocnoro. Ionopxr, uro saxnpnrt
427
ne
npnsnamr nepenocnym rpaxronxy cnxmenntx rexcron, +ro ne
ynnnrentno, net +ro ne nepnt nonpoc, n xoropom onn npoxn-
nxmr saxocnenocrt n nexenanne nosnart ncrnny. anee on
npoonxaer: 3ror nonpoc nacrontxo xcen, uro x axe ne yy
npnnonrt npnmepon mera]op n nepenocntx snauenn n Kopane.
H nocxontxy onn npncyrcrnymr n Kopane, ro rem onee npncyr-
crnymr n n cynne, ecnn xe xro-nno +ro orpnnaer, ro on ne o-
cronn axe roro, urot emy ornernnn.
Hpnmepno ro xe camoe nnmer Catxxan n cnoe xnnre
Xycyn an-mamyn.
Hn Kyama an-Xanann n Panar an-nastp, r.1, c. 182,
npnnex nexoropte ns axron Kopana, nnmer: Kax nnnre, nce
+ro xnnxercx mera]opnuecxo n nepenocno rpaxronxo Kopana,
ror, xro ne npnsnaer +roro, xnnxercx ropennntm ynpxmnem, a
ror, xro npnsnaer, no ronopnr: t ne nasnan +ro mera]opo,
- nnaaer n ecnonesnt cnop n onacrn repmnnonornn.

427
Or apacxoro saxnp (xcnt, xnnt, yxnantnt). Hmemrcx n
nny re, xro oraer npenourenne yxnantnomy nonnmannm cnxmenntx rexc-
ron. n.n.
165
Ac-Cymrt no +romy nonoy n cnoe xnnre Ttpas an-
rnmama nnmer: Orpnnanne mera]op n nepenocnoro cmtcna
yxastnaer na rnynocrt n neanexocrt uenonexa
428
.
Vnaxaemt mex Inca nn Iaynna nn Mannr cxasan:
Bce uertpe nmama n Ay Xann]a, n Mannx, a am-Ba]nrn, n
Axma npnsnanann mera]opt n nepenocnte snauennx. Hx
ouent mnoro n xstxe. anee on npnnonr ntcxastnanne Ay
Xann]t: Hepenocnt cmtcn samenxer ncrnnnt rontxo na
cnonax, a ne na ene. Pasne nt ne nnnre, uro ono n ro xe mox-
no oosnaunrt pasnnuntmn ntpaxennxmn. nx nac naxno, uro-
t nepno tna ocnona, n ecnn ocnona ne onycxaer npxmoro
nonnmannx +roro ntpaxennx, ro mt onxnt npnernyrt x ne-
penocnomy. Touno rax xe, nponcxonr, xora npn saxnmuennn
paxa ncnontsyercx cnono 'apm. Kommenrnpyx +ro ntcxast-
nanne, mex nnmer: 3rn cnona xcno cnnerentcrnymr n nontsy
cymecrnonannx npxmoro n nepenocnoro snauenn. anee on
npnnonr npnmept roro, xax nmam Mannx ncnontsonan nepe-
nocnte snauennx cnon npn rpaxronxe axron Kopana n xancon:
Annax n Kopane cxasan: Fu ihqblZ_f L_[y, Hn an-Kacnm
cxasan: cntman cnona Mannxa: 'Hounranne +ro monnrna.
B ornomennn cmtcna axra: ?keb \u ex[bl_ :eeZoZ, - Mannx
cxasan: Honnnyxct Emy, no nonoy cnona snauenne (ra-
nnn) n axre: B g_ ba\_klgh _]h agZq_gb_, - Mannx cxasan: He
nsnecrna ncrnna. anee on nnmer: An-Xart n An-uaxnx na
an-myra]axxnx (1/193 194) nnmer: B cynne Hpopoxa (c.r.c.),
rax xe xax n n Kopane, ecrt nepenocnte n mera]opnuecxne, ua-
crnte n omne snauennx. Hanpnmep, y an-Fyxapn npnnonrcx
xanc: Mne tna nenena epennx, noxnpammax pyrne epen-
nn. Hn Bax cxasan: cnpocnn y Mannxa: uro snaunr no-
xnpammax pyrne epennn? n on ornernn: 3anoentnammax
nx
429
.

428
Kpome +roro cm.: mex Carn an-Kanyn. ac-Ca] an-xa. C. 27 28.
429
Xypnan A-tx, ca]ap panryntannant 1420r. (ma-nmnt 1999r.),
nocnenxx crp., no sarononxom An-Maxas rnna an-anmma an-apara c
npoonxennem n cneymmem nomepe.
166
Cmemno ro, uro naxxanrt c ontmnm nourennem orno-
cnnnct x mexy Myxammay Iann ac-Caynn, no xora on nann-
can cno ra]cnp Ca]nar ar-ra]acnp, onn ne rontxo ornepny-
nnct or nero, no n nauann ronennx npornn nero. B uem xe npn-
unna? Hpnunna tna rontxo n rom, uro on nonepr rpaxronxe
axrt, coepxamne nn]opmannm o oxecrnenntx arpnyrax, uro
npornnopeunr naxxanrcxo neonornn. Bo nropom rome +roro
ra]cnpa na c. 174 on npnnonr ouent saannym ncropnm: Pac-
cxastnamr, uro onaxt x ynaxaemomy yuenomy npnmen yue-
nt (nyxno ormernrt, uro on tn cnen), orneprammn nepenoc-
nym rpaxronxy Kopana n mera]opt, n nauan ero xpnrnxonart.
Tora ynaxaemt yuent cxasan: uro rt cxaxemt o cnonax
Annaxa: Dlh ke_i \ wlhc `bagb, ke_i b \ [m^ms_c, b d lhfm
`_ hg [he__ ^jm]bo aZ[em^rbc (17:72), xax rt ymaemt, o uem
sect ner peut, o ]nsnuecxo cnenore nnn yxonno? - n on ne
namen, uro ornernrt. A uro nt cxaxere o mexe Hn Fase, xoro-
pt raxxe nnmen ]nsnuecxoro spennx?
430

OZrZ\blkdZy lZdby
431

Hcenocana]nrt-myxaccnmnrt npecrannxmr cnoero
Iocnoa n opase rena, c nymx rnasamn, nymx pyxamn, nymx
noramn, npnuem nce +ro rnenno, xpome nnna oxnx
432
. H nocne
raxoro saxnnennx onn eme ocmennnamrcx orpnnart, uro ne xn-
nxmrcx myxaccnmnramn. a, y nnx ecrt onpananne, onn nocne

430
B rasere Manap an-xan, N 74, syntxnxa 1419r. (mapr 1999r.) cxasano,
uro mex Hn Fas saanmero emy +ror nonpoc cnntno opyran n nenen nt-
rnart.
431
C neoxonmtmn cctnxamn na xnnry Iann an-Kypann an-Iamnnn An-
Baxxanxry na ar-ranxn. ap ac-cnpa, Fepyr. C. 88.
432
Cm.: ]ernt an-Anann. C. 522 523. B uacrnocrn on nnmer: .mt ox-
sant orpnnart ror ]axr, uro nennxn yuent-xancone an-Fyxapn rpaxro-
nan +ror axr (nmeercx n nny axr: <k_ le_ggh, djhf_ ebdZ ?]h), net on
nocnrent cana]nrcxo axtt, xnana Annaxy. Ha camom xe ene an-Fyxapn
nonepraer +ror axr rpaxronxe n oxcnxer cnono nnx cnonom napcrno.
Cm.: Knra ar-ra]cnp. u. 3, Fa ra]cnp cypar an-Kacac, xpome +roro on
rpaxronan cmex xax mnnocrt. Cm.: uarx an-apn. 6/40.
167
xaxoro noonoro saxnnennx
433
ronopxr: Kax +ro npnnnuecr-
nyer Ero nennunm. A re xe mecro oxecrnennomy nennunm,
nocne roro xax x Hemy npnenann oprant, orpannunnn Ero npe-
menem, npocrpancrnom, nnxennem n axe rnennocrtm xpome
nnna? Hx axta nocrpoena na ouent marxo ocnone, xoropax n
nornxe nastnaercx npnnxrne noctnox n orpnnanne ntnoon, n
xaname nastnaercx orpnnanne cocranno uacrn yuennnx, a co-
npemenntm xstxom +ro moxno nasnart npnnxrne ramnxa n
raxcnma c orxasom or nx nasnannx. 3rn nmn xpnrnxymr mn-
nrcxym raxnm, a camn npnmenxmr +ror xe npnnnnn n ornome-
nnn oxecrnenntx nmen n arpnyron.
Hccneonarent naxxanrcxoro yuennx onxen cxnonnrtcx
x onomy ns nyx. Hno on onxen saxnnrt, uro nx yuente nn-
uero ne nonnmamr, nno uro onn, onnctnax Annaxa, ncnontsymr
raxnm. Hepnt napnanr ne noxonr, nocxontxy nccneonarenm
npexpacno nsnecrno, uro Hn Iaynnaxxa, Hn Fas, an-
Anann n nx yunrent Hn Temnx npexpacno snann, uro snaunr
yxnantnax rpaxronxa cnxmenntx rexcron n uro ns nee ntrexa-
er. Ho+romy, samnmax cnon yexennx, onn ntnyxent orpn-
nart ero neoremnemte +nemenrt. Hx cnona ecrt xnnt rax-
cnm, or npocronmnnon onn +ro axe ne cxptnamr. Onn saxn-
nxmr, uro Kopan orpnnaer an-nn (panencrno), mncn
(noone), an-xy] (panencrno n noone), no ne orpnnaer
am-manx (noxoxecrt), no+romy cunramr ero onycrnmtm
c rouxn spennx n mapnara n pasyma
434
.

433
Onn saxnnxmr: Mt ne npnnnctnaem Annaxy nnuero roro, uro On ne co-
omnn o cee. Hocne +roro ronopxr: On nosneccx na Tpon Cnoe cymnoc-
rtm, n xaxom mecre Kopana nnn cynnt cxasano cymnocrtm?
434
Hn Temnx n ap-Pncana ar-ramnpnx, c. 75, nnmer: Onn arpnyrnn-
nocrt nastnamr ynoonennem n ypannnnannem, no+romy n ne cornacnt c
namn. H anee, npoonxax: Hexoropte nmn nastnamr +ro ar-ramnx
(noxoxecrt), n, uro nnrepecno, +ror repmnn ne npornnopeunr nn pasymy,
nn rexcram. Bapnar n pasym oxstnamr nac orpnnart an-nn (panencr-
no), mncn (noone), an-xy] (panencrno n noone). Cornacno sa-
xonam apacxoro xstxa, onncanne ne panno onnctnaemomy, n pasym raxxe ne
orpnnaer am-manx (noxoxecrt), cornacno repmnnonornn myrasnnnron.
168
As-3axan, xora tn nocneonarenem Hn Temnn, nn-
can: Mt ne oxsant ononrt o nceomero cneennx nce os-
nonennte snannx, ocrarouno, ecnn ono yer nsnecrno nnmt
nspanno rpynne yuentx
435
, xax +ro noxoxe na snannx nyeen
n xpncrnan, cxptnammnx nx or mnpoxnx macc. B Cnxp arnxm
an-nyanx (20/331) as-3axan nnmer: uro xacaercx cnycxa
(Annaxa n.n.). ro mt oxsant n +ro nepnrt, no npenournrent-
no ne nanartcx no nce noponocrn, cnxsannte c nnm. On nme-
er n nny, uro nanartcx n +ro moxno, no nyume orxasartcx. To
ecrt, on cornamaercx co ncemn ntnoamn myxaccnmnrcxoro
yuennx, no coneryer ne pasrnamart nx, urot onn ne tnn nc-
nontsonant npornn nnx. uro xe xacaercx, npocronmnnon-
myxaccnmnron, ro onn xymne ns nenex, onn ]anarnuno noc-
xnanxmr cnom mxony, nastnamr ee mxono ranxna, mxono
cana]on, no nm axe ne nsnecrna cyrt raxnx nonxrn, xax ra-
nnn (rpaxronxa), ra]nn (orxas or yrnynennoro anannsa
snauennx) n maxas (mera]opa n nepenocnt cmtcn).
A nx cryenrt n ntnycxnnxn ymamr, uro yxnantnt
noxo x anannsy xopannuecxnx axron xnnxercx omenpnnxrtm
npnnnnnom ncex cana]nrcxnx yuentx n ncex masxaon. Hexoro-
pte ns nnx axe ne nonnmamr, uro snaunr n x uemy neer yx-
nantnax rpaxronxa cnxmenntx rexcron. Ecnn nt onomy ns +rnx
ntnycxnnxon cxaxere: Bamn yuente yrnepxamr, uro Annax
cnnr na Tpone n xora xouer cnycxaercx c nero na 3emnm rax,
xax +ro cenan Hn Temnx n ono ns meuerxx Bama, cnyc-
rnnmnct c mnnapa
436
. Taxoe mnenne neer x romy, uro nt orpa-
nnunnaere Annaxa npocrpancrnenno-npemenntmn pamxamn n
npnnnctnaere emy coornercrnymmne xauecrna - on nam orne-
rnr: Her, +ro ne ronopnr o rom, uro mt ynoonxem Annaxa ue-

435
Iann an-Kypann. An-Baxxanxry na ar-ranxn. C. 79. On ne yxasan
ncrounnx, no, nosmoxno, nmeercx n nny Tasxnpar an-xy]]as, 4/13 14,
nnn Cnxp arnxm an-nyanx, 21/463. As-3axan samnman myxaccnmnron, n
ocoenno Iaynrann, xoroporo ernnercxne ]axnxn npnronopnnn x cmeprn,
nnnmo nmenno n cnxsn c +rnm on npenouen mnenne o orpannuennn nosna-
nn npocronmnnon.
436
Cm. nepnym rnany.
169
nonexy n npnnnctnaem Emy reno. On cnnr rax, xax npnnnuecr-
nyer Ero nennunm, cnycxaercx rax, xax npnnnuecrnyer Ero nenn-
unm. 3ror enxra ymaer, uro cnona xax npnnnuecrnyer Ero
nennunm paspemamr nce nponemt n nonpoct. On noxox na
roro uenonexa, xoropt ecrt n nter n cnernoe npemx cyrox, a sa-
rem yrnepxaer, uro epxnr nocr rax, xax npnnnuecrnyer ero
nocry, n ecr rax, xax npnnnuecrnyer cymnocrn nocra. Emy n n
ronony ne npner, uro or ero cymnocrn yxe nnuero ne ocranoct.
anee mt xornm npnnecrn nnrary or ac-Cyxn, ns xoro-
po cranonnrcx xcno, uro ynomxnyrax raxnx tna nsnecrna
npexam naxxanron: Bex Iaycanxm cxasan: Xamannrt n
mymanxnrt, ynoonxmmne Annaxa Ero cosannxm, enxrcx
na ne rpynnt: ona ns nnx ne cxptnaer cnonx yexenn n y-
maer, uro npana, pyrax, oxct xpnrnxn, macxnpyercx no mxony
cana]nron
437
.
Xamannrcxym raxnm nt raxxe moxere ynnert n xnnrax
Hn an-Kanma n ero nacrannnxa Hn Temnn. Onn sanyrtnamr
cnona, ncnontsymr xpacnnte ntpaxennx, nnmyr nnnnte nne-
ennx, ocoenno ecnn peut ner o raxcnme. Bce +ro enaercx
nx roro, urot nnecrn unrarenx n sanyxenne. Hpn urennn nx
xnnr cosaercx nneuarnenne, uro onn xorxr cxasart ro, uero
ouent cnntno crecnxmrcx. Taxon crnnt nx xnnr, n ecnn t nmn
ysnann, uro xpoercx n nx nponsneennxx, ro anno yxe coxrnn
t nx. H pasne moxer trt cnyuanocrtm ror ]axr, uro cemena
+roro noxnoro yuennx nsomnn nmenno na ponne Mycanamt?
B^_y ba\_qghklb fbjZ b ]jZgbp
438

Mycyntmancxax axta xcno pasxcnnna, uro Annax tn
nepntm (an-Annant) n rontxo Emy npncyma nsneunocrt. B o-
cronepnom copnnxe an-Fyxapn npnnonrcx xanc Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.): Ftn Annax, n ne tno nnuero, xpome Hero, n pyrom
pnnaxre: Ftn Annax, n ne tno nnuero nmecre c Hnm, n rpert-
em pnnaxre: Ftn Annax, n ne tno nnuero o Hero. B ocro-

437
Ac-Cyxn. Taaxar am-ma]nrnx. 8/222.
438
Coxpamenno ns xnnrn ar-Tannx na ap-pa ranx myrraxa xnam an-
ranam na an-xa. Xacan nn Iann ac-Caxxa] am-Ba]nrn. C. 6 14.
170
nepntx copnnxax raxxe npnnonrcx xanc, n xoropom cxasano:
Hepno nemtm, xoropym cornopnn Annax, tno Hepo. H On
nenen emy sanncart nce, uro nponsoer o Cynoro nx
439
. Ha
ocnone +rnx xancon yuente npnmnn x ennornacnomy mnennm
o rom, uro Annax nsneuen, On nepnt n ne tno nnuero o Hero,
onee roro, yuente ennornacno npnsnann nenepntm roro, xro
ne cornacen c +rnm yrnepxennem. K +romy mnennm npncoen-
nnncx Hn Xasm n Maparn an-nxmar, c. 167, n ero xe yno-
mxnyn xa]ns xasn Inx n cnoe xnnre Am-Bn]a. uro xe no
+romy nonoy ronopxr xamannrt? Onn cunramr, uro mnp nsne-
uen cnonmn xareropnxmn, n nopasymenamr nenouxy cotrn,
ne nmemmnx nauana nnn nsneunoro rnopna. Honyuaercx, uro xa-
reropnn cymecrnonann ononpemenno c Annaxom, n y nnx ne
tno nauana. Taxoe mnenne ntcxastnaer nsnecrnemn xama-
nnrcxn nmam Hn Temnx an-Xappann, xoroporo onn nastnamr
mexynncnam. Kasn Inx no +romy nonoy n cnoe Am-
Bn]a (2/606) nnmer: Bcex ]nnoco]on n esoxnnxon, cun-
rammnx, uro mnp nsneuen nnn neuen, a raxxe ncex comnenam-
mnxcx no +romy nonoy mt npnsnaem nenepntmn.
anee mt xornm npnnecrn nnrart ns xnnr camoro Hn
Temnn.
1. B xnnrax Mya]axar caxnx an-manxyn nn capnx an-
marxyn, nsanno n xauecrne cyxommenrapnen x Mnnxax
ac-cynna (2/75), apy rarapy an-raxn (2/148) on nnmer:
Fontmnncrno xanconeon
440
ornocxr xareropnn ne x nponso-
mememy, a x nsneunomy. Ho+romy onn orenxmr nponcxoxe-
nne xareropn or nponcxoxennx ennnn, rax xe xax nce nmn
ornnuamr npoonxenne xareropnn or npoonxennx ennnn n
cyre.

439
Hpnnonr Ay rnx 4/217 or Hn Iaaca, mex Xycen Aca cxasan, uro
+ror xanc nmeer ocronepnym nenouxy.
440
Ho +romy nonoy mex ac-Caxxa] cxasan: upasa ontmnncrno xanco-
neon xnnxercx xnenero, noromy uro xanconet n ocrantnte mycyntman-
cxne yuente ncex, xro ntcxastnaercx o nsneunocrn mnpa (nesanncnmo, xare-
ropnantno nnn ennnuno), npnsnamr nenepntmn.
171
2. B Mnnxax ac-cynna (1/109) on nnmer: a, orent-
nt npemer +roro mnpa ne moxer trt nsneuntm, no uro xaca-
ercx nosnnxnonennx xareropnn, ro ona neuna.
3. B An-Mya]axa (1/245) on nnmer: Oxsarentno ns-
neuntm moxer trt rontxo nosnnxmax xareropnx, a ne nosnnx-
max ennnna
441
.
Hn Temnx, xommenrnpyx xanc Inmpana nn Xycanna,
na c. 193 nnmer: axe ecnn npenonoxnrt ononpemennoe cy-
mecrnonanne xareropnn nmecre c Hnm, ro +ro ne npornnopeunr
nn mapnary, nn pasymy
442
, naoopor, +ro cnnerentcrno Ero co-
nepmencrna.
4. V Hn Xasma ecrt orentnax rnana Ennornacnoe
mnenne o nenepnn roro, xro npornnopeunr ennornacnomy mne-
nnm yuentx n nonpocax axtt. 3ect Hn Xasm nnmer: Vue-
nte ennoymnt ornocnrentno roro, uro Annax enn, ner y He-
ro coronapnme, On cosarent ncero cymero, xpome Hero. Annax
cymecrnonan onn, n ne tno nnuero pyroro nmecre c Hnm. 3a-
rem On no Cnoemy xenannm cornopnn nce nemn. ymn cornope-
nt, Tpon cornopen n nect mnp cornopen. Hn Temnx, xpnrn-
xyx n onponeprax cnona Hn Xasma, na c. 167 168 nnmer: Me-
nx ynnnxmr cnona o rom, uro xpnrnxymmne nem o cymecrno-
nannn rontxo Annaxa n nnuero pyroro nmecre c Hnm xnnxmrcx
nenepntmn.
Hex o nsneunocrn mnpa tna onponeprnyra uertptmx
xpynntmn yuentmn: xasnem Inxom, nmamom xa]nsom Hn a-
xnxom an-Inom, nmamom xa]nsom an-Xyxa 3anynnom an-
Inpaxn n nmamom-xanconeom Myxammaom 3axnom an-
Kaycapn. Hn Xaxap n xnnre uarx an-apn na ono crpa-
nnne npnnonr mnenne rponx: Ham mex (an-Inpaxn), xommen-
rnpyx ar-Tnpmnsn, cxasan: a, +ro nepno, yuente oxnnnn ne-
nepntm roro, xro onponepraer omenpnnxroe, xax, nanpnmep,
monnrna, nnn onponepraer nonyuennoe no ocronepntm nenou-

441
Cnxr Annax, xax xe ona n ono n ro xe npemx moxer trt n nsneuno, n
nponsomeme? Annax npentme ncero roro, uro yrnepxamr +rn nmn.
442
A xya xe encx xanc: Ftn Annax, n ne tno nnuero nmecre c Hnm? A
xya enoct ennornacnoe mnenne yuentx?
172
xam, nnn saxnnxer o nsneunocrn mnpa. DZabc =by^ b ^jm]b_
aZy\eyxl, qlh _klv _^bgh]eZkgh_ fg_gb_ hlghkbl_evgh h[t-
y\e_gby g_\_jguf lh]h, dlh ijb^_j`b\Z_lky fg_gby h[ ba-
\_qghklb fbjZ. B[g >Zdbd Ze-=b^ ih wlhfm ih\h^m kdZaZe:
?klv l_, dlh \ukdZau\Z_l g_jZamfgu_ b^_b b ba[bjZ_l
klhjhgm nbehkhnh\
443
. Hg ^mfZ_l, qlh \uklmiZxsbc k b^_-
_c h[ ba\_qghklb fbjZ g_ y\ey_lky g_\_jguf. < dZq_kl\_
^h\h^Z hg ijb\h^bl keh\Z h lhf, qlh fmkmevfZgbg g_ h[yaZg
ijbgbfZlv \k_ _^bgh]eZkgu_ fg_gby mq_guo. Wlhl ^h\h^
a^_kv g_ mf_kl_g, ihkdhevdm fg_gb_ h[ h[ty\e_gbb g_\_j-
guf klhjhggbdZ b^_b h[ ba\_qghklb fbjZ ih^l\_j`^Z_lky
g_ lhevdh _^bgh]eZkguf fg_gb_f mq_guo, gh b ^hklh\_j-
gufb (fmlZ\Zlbj)
444
k\ys_ggufb l_dklZfb. Hmam Myxam-
ma 3axn nn Xacan an-Kaycapn, na ynnnenne Hn Temnn, n
cnoe xnnre Hax maparn an-nxmar (c. 168) orneuaer: Her
nnuero ynnnrentnoro n rom, uro yuente ennornacno npnsnann
nenepntm roro, xro saxnnxer o cymecrnonannn eme onoro co-
sarenx. Taxxe ner nnuero ynnnrentnoro n rom, uro onn npn-
snann nenepntm roro, xro saxnnxer o cymecrnonannn uero-nno
nnn xoro-nno napxy c Annaxom, o neme. Fontme ynnnxer
mnenne Hn Temnn, xoropt ocmennncx saxnnrt o cymecrno-
nannn nsneuntx cotrn n nsneuntx xareropn, o rom, uro An-
nax nonepxen nnnxnnm cotrn. 3ror uenonex noccraer npo-
rnn onoon Hpaxnma (r.c.), npnneenntx n Kopane, n npornn
cnon Hpopoxa (c.r.c.): Ftn Annax, n ne tno nnuero nmecre c
Hnm, a, xax nsnecrno, Hn Temnx npnsnaer ocronepnocrt xa-
ncon ns oonx copnnxon. H noome, xax moxer cymecrnonart
xareropnx, xoropo ner?... 3ro npornnopeune ne npnsnamr ront-
xo onaarenn ontnoro paccyxa.
Taxontmn tnn nen Hn Temnn, yxonnoro orna xa-
mannsma. Kpome roro, on eme saxnnxn o rom, uro y Annaxa ecrt
rpannnt, onpeenxn Emy mecro, orpannuennoe Tponom, saxnnxn,

443
Peut ner o Hn Temnn.
444
Cnoco nepeaun xaxo-nno nn]opmannn, npn xoropom n xaxom snene
nepearunxon nacrontxo ontmoe uncno nme, uro ne moxer nosnnxnyrt
noospenne o nx cronope. n.n.
173
uro Iocnot cnnr na Tpone. Cm.: An-Mya]axa, 2/92, n p. 3a
nnm nocneonan ero npeannt yuennx Hn an-Kanm, nsno-
xnnmn cnon nen n Faanr an-]anan, 4/39 40. Pasne onn
ne cntmann cnon Annaxa G_l gbq_]h ih^h[gh]h ?fm b Hg
keurZsbc, \b^ysbc nnn B g_ [ue ?fm jZ\_g gb h^bg? Kpo-
me roro, Hpopox (c.r.c.) n onom ns xancon cxasan: O Annax,
Tt nepnt, n ne tno nnuero o Tex. Tt xnnt, n ner nnuero
npentme Tex. Tt cxptrt, n ner nnuero nnxe Tex, - cneo-
narentno, y Hero ner rpannn. Ho raxona xamannrcxax axta no
nce ee xpace, ner cnnt n morymecrna nn y xoro, xpome Annaxa
Bcentmnero, Bennxoro.
<u^mfZgguc k[hjgbd kmggu
Heoxapnxnrt uacro conerymr nmxm osnaxomnrtcx c
xnnro Knra ac-cynna, xxot npnnanexame nepy Iayn-
nt nn Axmaa nn Xanana. uro xe xacaercx nacroxmnx yue-
ntx-xanconeon, ro onn noome orpnnamr npnnanexnocrt
ynomxnyroro copnnxa +romy uenonexy. Bo-nepntx, nepearunx
+roro copnnxa ne nsnecren, a no-nroptx, on coepxnr ouent
rnycnte pnnaxrt n ornomennn Annaxa. Hpnneem nexoropte
npnmept.
A. Ha c. 5 cxasano: Pasne moxer trt nosnecenne (an-
ncrnna) uem-nno pyrnm, xpome cnennx? Hpn +rom naxxan-
rt ocmennnamrcx yrnepxart, uro ne npnnnctnamr Annaxy nn-
uero, uro On ne coomnn o cee. Ie xe onn namnn arpnyr
cnenne? B xaxom ns axron Kopana?
F. Ha c. 35 cxasano: On
445
nnen Ero cnxmnm na sono-
rom Tpone, xoropt epxann uernepo anrenon, onn ns xoroptx
tn n opase myxunnt, nropo n opase ntna, rpern n opa-
se txa, uerneprt n opase xopmyna. Bce onn n senenom cay,
a no Hnm xonep, corxannt ns sonora. Annax n Kopane cxasan:
<_ebdbc ]j_o wlh keh\h, ijhbaghkbfh_ bo mklZfb (18:5).
B. Ha c. 48 cxasano: 3arem On npner x nnm nemxom.

445
Bosmoxno, nmeercx n nny Hpopox (c.r.c.). n.n.
174
I. Ha c. 67 cxasano: Annax cnoe pyxo nanncan Topy
nx Myct (r.c.). Myca (r.c.) n +ro npemx cnen, orxnnynmnct na
cxany ns xemuyxntx omeuex. On cntman cxpnn nepa. Hx pas-
enxna rontxo nperpaa. Taxoe omymenne, uro onn ocnonno
nepennmamr cnom axty or nyeen.
. Ha c. 68 cxasano: Annax npnxocnyncx Cnonmn pyxamn
rontxo x Aamy (r.c.). Cnonmn pyxamn On cosan Pa n nanncan
Topy. Cnonmn pyxamn On cxaran xemuyxnny, nocann n nee ne-
rouxy n cxasan: Pacrn, noxa ne yonnernopmct, n ntnon nce,
uro nnyrpn rex. H ona ntnena pexn n nnot.
E. Ha c. 70 cxasano: Kora Iocnot canrcx na Tpon, ro
cntmen cxpnn, xax yro ncannx cen na nonoocenannym nep-
nmnny.
X. Ha c. 71 cxasano: On canrcx na Tpon, n ocrannxer
pxom c Coo paccroxnne n uertpe nantna.
3. Ha c. 77 cxasano: Annax n renn onaxon cnycxaercx c
Tpona x ero ocnonannm. On npnxonr x nnm. H nor On axe
npoxonr nepe nnmn
446
.
H. Ha c. 149 cxasano: On orxptn uacrt Cex.
K. Ha c. 149 cxasano: H nnymnn On ono ns rop, uro
xenaer cnycrnrtcx na nee, a ona npoxnnna epsocrt. B ro xe
npemx ropa Cnna npoxnnna cnom cxpomnocrt n cxasana: Ko
mne npner ro, uro npenncano, rora Annax cxasan: cny-
myct na rex, ns naroapnocrn sa rnom cxpomnocrt n onont-
crno npenncanntm.
H. Ha c. 156 cxasano: H nauan rno Iocnot nyremecr-
nonart no 3emne.

446
Hn an-Kanm n xnnre Hxrnmar an-xymm an-ncnamnx C. 109 no
peaxnne Innaa an-Myrrnxa, a n nsannn ap an-xyry an-rnnmnx na C.
55 nnmer: V Hero na xaxom nee cno rpon. Cnycrnnmnct n neeca +roro
mnpa On canrcx na rpon.Kora xe nacrynaer yrpo on nosnocnrcx n canrcx
na Cno rpon. Hepe +rnm orptnxom peut ner o ntymannom sacrynnnue-
crne: npny x moemy Iocnoy n ynnxy, uro On cnnr na cnoem rpone nnn
noxe. Hn an-Kanm ne orpannunncx ncxaxennem mycyntmancxo axtt,
no npenoxnn nonym, nnyncrcxym, n uacrnocrn on nnmer: Hounrare xo-
pon. H nocne +roro naxxanrt ocmennnamrcx yrnepxart, uro ne xnnxmrcx
myxaccnmnramn.
175
M. Ha c. 164 cxasano: A nropax Ero pyxa nycra, n ne
ner nnuero.
H. Ha c. 165 cxasano: H norporan on ero.
O. Ha c. 167 cxasano: H On xnaer ony na pyrym.n
npnxacaercx x Cnoe crynne.
H. Ha c. 182 cxasano: V Aa cemt mocron, na xoroptmn
naxonrcx Ctpar. Annax na uerneprom mocre. Kora pat yyr
npoxonrt pxom c Hnm, On yer naxonrtcx na uerneprom
mocry.
Bsrnxnnre, oporne unrarenn, na +ry xnenery. Panee nt
osnaxomnnnct c xnenero, nsnoxenno n xnnre a-apnmn, re-
nept xe nt osnaxomnnnct c coepxannem copnnxa, npnnnctna-
emoro Iaynne nn Axmay nn Xanany. Pasne +ro ne xnenera
n apec nce mycyntmancxo ymmt n n apec ee yuentx?
Kax nnnre, naxxanrt nontsymrcx xnnramn cnonx na-
crannnxon xasnx Ay rnn, Hn Temnn an-Xappann, ero yue-
nnxa Hn an-Kanma n pyrnx anropon. Ecnn nt samernnn, ro
yexennx +rnx nme rounoe nonropenne nyecxo
447
axtt,
no+romy mt npocnm y Annax npomennx axe sa ro, uro nam
npnxonrcx npnnonrt ns nnx nnrart.
Fontme ncero ynnnxer ro, uro naxxanram yanoct pac-
npocrpannrt cnon nen cpen nexoroptx mycyntmancxnx nn-
xenn. ymam, npnunna +roro xpoercx n rom, uro +rn nmn
cnnmxom cmeno onepnpymr xancamn, nx xommenrapnxmn n o-
cronepnocrtm. Mt xe nam npeocrannnn nosmoxnocrt yenrt-
cx n rom, nacxontxo ncnopuenno xnnxercx axta +rnx nme.
OZrZ\blu b lZoZ\blkdZy Zdu^Z
Texcr ranxna, nanncannt nmamom Ay xar]apom ar-
Taxann an-Xana]n, tn nacrontxo anropnrerntm n npnsnanntm
n cpee masxaon, uro onnnanart xana]nrcxnx yuentx nann-
cann x nemy xommenrapnn. He ocrannnn ee es nnnmannx n xa-
mannrt. B uacrnocrn Iann nn Iann nn Myxamma nn My-

447
Hs xnnr mexa Carna an-Kanyn.
176
xamma
448
nn Cannx nn Ay an-Inss, ynnen nnrepec mycynt-
man x +ro xnnre, nauan ncxaxart ee rexcr, xommenrnponart ee
cornacno cnonm xamannrcxnm yexennxm n nnec n nee +nemen-
rt raxcnma. On npnxptnancx nosynramn nosnpamennx x nyrn
cana]on, no no cyrn ena nnmt nnrnponan xnnrn Hn Temnn
Mnnxax ac-cynna n an-Mya]axa. Ero nsnoxenne xnno
npornnopeunr ocnonam Kopana, cynnt, ennornacnomy mnennm
mycyntmancxnx yuentx n nexm nmama ar-Taxann. Conpemennte
myxaccnmnrt raxxe ne oomnn ee cropono, n uacrnocrn mex
an-Anann xxot nponepnn xanct n yrounnn rexcr xnnrn n
nnec nexoropte pasxcnennx. Hocne uero onn ns ero yuennxon
3axnp am-Bannm
449
necxontxo pas nepensan +ry xnnry. My-
xaccnmnrt ecnnarno pasanann +rn xnnrn nocneonarenxm
pasnnuntx masxaon n naexe ntart ee sa ononnennym
cynnnrcxym axty. uro xe nanncano n +rom xommenrapnn?
Bo-nepntx, noxnax axta.
1. Anrop +roro xommenrapnx Hn Ay an-Inss na c. 129
nnmer: Bosnnxaer nonpoc: moxer nn cymecrnonanne xareropn
trt neuntm n ornomennn npomnoro n yymero? Hnn xe onn
neunt rontxo n yymem? A moxer, rontxo n npomnom? My-
cyntmanam nsnecrno rpn ornera na +ror nonpoc. Hanonee cna-
tm xnnxercx mnenne o rom, uro xareropnn ne moryr trt neu-
ntmn nn n npomnom, nn n yymem. Taxoro mnennx npnepxn-
nannct xaxm nn Ca]nan n Ay an-Xysan an-Iannx]. Bropoe
mnenne rnacnr, uro xareropnn moryr trt neuntmn rontxo n y-
ymem n ne moryr n npomnom. Taxoro mnennx npnepxnnamr-
cx ontmnncrno myraxannnmon n nexoropte ns nocneonarene
ns uncna ]axnxon. Tperte mnenne rnacnr, uro onn moryr trt
neuntmn n n npomnom, n n yymem, xax o +rom saxnnxmr
nmamt-xanconet. Hocmorpnre, xax nonxo xamannrt npnnn-
ctnamr yexennx nenepntx nmamam-xanconeam. Hn Ay
an-Inss saxnnxer, uro xxot nmamt-xanconet npnsnanann ns-

448
3ro ne omnxa, n ero nmenn ecrnnrentno ecrt nonropennx. Vm. n 792r.
(1389r.).
449
Hpn nanncannn namero rpya mt ncnontsonann noctmoe nsanne +ro
xnnrn.
177
neunocrt xareropn n cotrn, xoropte xnnxmrcx cosannxmn,
na camom xe ene nmamt-xanconet croponnnnct noontx
ne. Mnorne axrt Kopana ornepramr noonte yexennx,
nanpnmep, Annax cxasan o cee: On nepnt. 3ro xe no-
rnepxamr n xanct Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), nanpnmep: Ftn Annax n
ne tno nnuero, xpome Hero.
2. Hpnnnctnanne Annaxy ronoca, snyxon n yxn. Ha c.
196 on nnmer: On ronopnr ronocom, xoropt moxno ycnt-
mart. Hn Temnx pasxcnxx, yxasan, uro +ror ronoc nooen
rpomy, Mya]axr capnx an-marxyn, 2/151, nsana n nne cy-
xommenrapnx x Mnnxax ac-cynna.
3. On nnmer o rom, uro Annax xxot nonepxen nnnxnnm
cotrn, xonr n npnnercrnyer nme. Cm. c. 177: Ecnn xro-
nno nam cxaxer, uro +ro cnnerentcrnyer o nnnxnnn cotrn
na Annaxa, ro mt ornernm, uro +ro n ecrt cyrt namnx cnon. Kro
ns nmamon cxasan, uro cotrnx na Hero ne nnnxmr? Cno nt-
no on nornepxaer xancom, xoropt mt yem anannsnpo-
nart nnxe, n +rom xance cxasano: Kora onrarenn Pax yyr
naxonrtcx n Pam, ro nnesanno noxnnrcx cner.
4. On npnnnctnaer Annaxy rpannnt. Cm. c. 219: Ho no-
npocy rpannn noome ne moxer trt nnxaxoro cnopa, net or-
pnnammn rpannnt orpnnaer cymecrnonanne camoro Iocnoa.
3ro yxe xnnoe sanyxenne, ono xnnxercx nnoom ero ontnoro
pasyma, on onnctnaer Annaxa, ocnontnaxct na cnonx snannxx o
marepnantntx renax. Hn Xaxap n Hncan an-mnsan 5/114
onponepraer +ro mnenne cnonamn: Orpnnanne rpannn nn n xoem
cnyuae ne xnnxercx orpnnannem cymecrnonannx Iocnoa. Hmam
Ay Mancyp an-Faran no +romy nonoy n cnoe xnnre An-
uypyx (332) nnmer: Cynnnrt, n ornnune or xnmamnron, xap-
pamnron n myxaccnmnron, ennornacno orpnnamr nannune xa-
xnx-nno rpannn y Cosarenx +roro mnpa. Hsnecrno, uro Hn
Temnx onnnxn n nenepnn rex, xro orpnnan cymecrnonanne
rpannn Annaxa, n An-Mya]axa.. (2/29) on nnmer: Bce ntme-
nepeuncnennoe yxastnaer na nannune rpannn, a xro ne npnsnaer
+roro xnnxercx nenepntm n ornomennn roro, uro nncnocnan
Annax. B nrore, nce mycyntmane n yuennx Hn Temnn nmam
178
as-3axan xnnxmrcx nenepntmn. Hmam as-3axan cam n Mnsan
an-nrrnan (3/507) nnmer: Bonpoc o rpannnax xnnxercx nyc-
ro onronne, a n Cnxp arnxm an-nyanx (27/16) on yxast-
naer: Annax npentme ncxxnx rpannn, On npentme ncero, uro
emy npnnnctnamr, oannxx x cxasannomy n cnxmenntx rexc-
rax.
5. Hn Ay an-Inss npnnnctnaer Annaxy cnxst c npocr-
pancrnom n mecrom. Cm. c. 221: Kora mt ronopnm o npocrpan-
crne n nanpannennn, ro npexe ncero nmeem n nny cymecrnym-
mee, a, xax nsnecrno, ono moxer trt nno cosarenem, nno
cosannem. Touno x raxnm xe meroam npneraer Hn an-
Kanm, xora xenaer oxasart, uro A ne neuen. Hocmorpnre na
cnona Hn Ay an-Inssa, xax ymeno on npnpannxn cosarenx x
cosannxm, ner comnennx n rom, uro +ro noxo xstunnxon. a-
nee na +ro xe crpannne Hn Ay an-Inss nnmer: Ecnn mt no
npocrpancrnom nmeem n nny ro necymecrnymmee mecro, xoro-
poe naxonrcx na mnpom, ro ram cymecrnyer rontxo Annax. H
+ro xnnxercx nepntm yrnepxennem. Kax nnnre, on onpeennn
Annaxy mecro na mnpom n nasnan ero necymecrnymmnm mec-
rom. Hocne +roro ner nnuero ynnnrentnoro n rom, uro onn, cne-
yx Xancy o patne, rtuyr nantnem n neo. Tontxo nor oc-
raercx nonpoc: xax xe +ro mecro moxer trt necymecrnymmnm?
Pasne moxno yxasart na necymecrnymmee? Eme ontme ynn-
nxmr cnona Hn Ay an-Inssa na c. 221: Honcrnne, npocrpan-
crno esrpannuno. Pasne ne ynnnrentno, uro +ror uenonex or-
pannunnaer Annaxa npeenamn, a o onom ns Ero cosann ro-
nopnr, uro y nero ner rpannn?
6. anee on saxnnxer o nnsocrn Annaxa x nexoroptm ua-
crxm mnpa. Cm. c. 282: Her nnuero ynnnrentnoro n rom, uro
Annax moxer trt nnsox x nexoroptm uacrxm mnpa, axe ne-
cmorpx na ro uro On na Tpone, ntme neec. Pasne On ne moxer
npnnnsnrt x cee xaxoe-nno ns Cnonx cosann? Kro orpnnaer
+ro, ror ymanxer Ero nosmoxnocrn.
179
7. On saxnnxer o rom, uro Annax xaxym nout cnycxaercx
n neeca +roro mnpa
450
. Cm. c. 286: nenanaroe: exenomnoe
nncxoxenne n neeca mnpa. Hmo napo mnpa onycxaer, uro
moxno cnycxartcx cnepxy nnns. Tpnnanaroe: yxasanne na ]n-
snuecxoe mecro nnepxy. Kax +ro cenan ror, xro
451
nyume snaer
cnoero Iocnoa. uro xe on cxaxer o axrax: ?keb Fhb jZ[u
kijhkyl l_[y h[h Fg_, lh Y [ebahd, : Fu [eb`_ d g_fm, q_f
\u, gh \u wlh]h g_ \b^bl_, Hg k \Zfb, ]^_ [u \u gb [ueb,
Hg \ g_[_kZo b gZ a_fe_, Hg agZ_l \Zr_ lZcgh_ b y\gh_, b agZ-
_l, qlh \u ijbh[j_lZ_l_, Fu [he__ [ebadb d g_fm, q_f
yj_fgZy \_gZ. A uro on cxaxer o xancax Hpopoxa (c.r.c.):
Hanonee nnsox pa x cnoemy Iocnoy no npemx semnoro no-
xnona (Mycnnm), O Annax, Tt mo nonyrunx n nyrn n mo
namecrnnx oma (ar-Tnpmnsn, xanc xacan-caxnx). Hmam Ma-
nnx, xommenrnpyx xanc o nncxoxennn, cxasan, uro peut ner o
oxecrnennom nenennn: Hncxonr nenenne namero Iocnoa,
On cam nocroxnen n ne ncuesaer
452
.
Bo-nroptx, xnenera n apec nmama ar-Taxann. Hn Ay
an-Inss npnnnctnaer emy noxnym axty. Cm. c. 133: Mnenne o
rom, uro y cotrn ecrt nauano, neer x orpnnannm roro, uro
Annax nnauane nnuero ne enan, a sarem npncrynnn x ecr-
nnm. 3ra uenyxa npornnopeunr Kopany: On nepnt, n xa-
ncam Hpopoxa (c.r.c.): Ftn Annax, n ne tno nnuero nmecre c
Hnm, Ftn Annax n ne tno nnuero, xpome Hero.
Ecnn t Hn Ay an-Inss xort nemnoro crecnxncx, ro ne
nanncan t ncero +roro n ro xnnre, n xoropo nmam ar-Taxann
na c. 238 saxnnn: Annax npentme rpannn, nene, ycnonn, op-
ranon, nncrpymenron, On ne orpannuen nn onnm ns mecrn na-
npannenn npocrpancrna. Heyxenn an-Anann n am-Bannm ne
nocrecnxnnct nocrannrt cnon nonncn no +rnm nosopom?

450
Kax nsnecrno, n nmo momenr npemenn na ono nononnne semnn nout,
no+romy nosnnxaer nonpoc: na reppnropnm xaxoro rocyapcrna On cnycxaer-
cx?
451
Bepoxrno, nmeercx n nny Hpopox (c.r.c.). n.n.
452
Cm.: Hn Iaynapp. ar-Tamxn. 7/143; xa]ns as-3axan. Cnxp ar-
nxm an-nyanx. 8/105.
180
B-rpertnx, urot oxasart cnon yexennx +ror uenonex
ncnontsyer ntymannte xanct
453
. Hanpnmep, on npnnen xanc:
Kora onrarenn Pax yyr naxonrtcx n Pam, ro nnesanno no-
xnnrcx cner. Onn nonnmyr cnon nsopt n ynnxr, uro +ro nx
Iocnot npnmen nx nanecrnrt cnepxy. H on cxaxer nm: 'Mnp
nam.. B nenouxe nepearunxon +roro xanca npncyrcrnyer
Ay Iactm an-Iaaann, nonnoe nmx xoroporo Iaynna nn
Iyaynna. As-3axan n an-Mnsan. (2/458/4437) no nonoy
+roro uenonexa cxasan: Cnat. An-Xa]ns Hn Xaxap n
Hncan an-mnsan 3/314 cxasan: An-Iaxnnn nepeaer or nero
xanc, xoropt nocxonr x an-uany ap-Paxamn, x Fnn an-
Mynxanpy, x xanpy, n +rom xance cxasano: Kora onra-
renn Pax yyr naxonrcx n Pam, ro nnesanno noxnnrcx cner;
+ror xanc nnxro, xpome nero, ne nepean. Cm. A-yra]a an-
xanp, 2/274, no anropcrnom an-Iaxnnn. uro xe xacaercx an-
uana ap-Paxamn, onoro ns nepearunxon +roro xanca, ro ns-
necrno, uro ero xanct otuno orneprannct. An-Xa]ns n ar-
Taxpn no nomepom 5413 n Hn Ian n an-Kamnn ]n a-
yra]a, 6/2039, nnmyr: an-Fyxapn nepean or Hn Iyxnt,
uro +ror uenonex ne ocronn roro, urot nepeanart xanct
454
.
Hocmorpnre, xax +rn xamannrt, urot oxasart ncrnnnocrt
cnonx yexenn, npneramr x nomomn ntymanntx xancon.
Taxon Hn Ay an-Inss n raxont yexennx, na xoroptx
crponrcx naxxansm, pacnpocrpanxmmn +rn yexennx cpen
nme. Hocne ncero +roro neynnnrentno, uro Iann an-Kapn an-
Xana]n n xommenrapnn x An-unxx an-axap (c. 172) cxasan o
+rom uenonexe: On cneonan noxntm nyrem n ncnontsonan
poccxasnn myranron.

453
Baxxanrt nopyunnn mexy Byray an-Apnayry, oxropy Iaynne ar-
Typxn, oxropy Iann uaxnxn, oxropy Axmay an-Iamnn n Cannxy nn
Iapaxmany cxptrt +ror nosop, no+romy onn yannnn ns +ro xnnrn nty-
mannte xanct n ntnycrnnn no nontm nastnannem Myxassa mapx an-
axta ar-raxannx. ap Hn Paxa, Menna, 1413r. (1992r.).
454
Xacan ac-Caxxa]. ar-Tann nman raaa ar-ranxn. C. 59.
181
G_dhlhju_ jZah[eZq_gby dgb]b :l-LZ\ob^
(?^bgh[h`b_), ijbgZ^e_`Zs_c i_jm FmoZffZ^Z
[bg =Z[^me\ZooZ[Z
Bex Cyneman nn Iaynnaxxa an-Haxn nncan o
rom, uro ero par Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa ne rontxo ne o-
crnr crenenn nxrnxaa, no axe ecxro uacrn +ro crenenn.
urot oxasart ncrnnnocrt ero cnon, mt xornm npoanannsnpo-
nart ony ns xnnr Hn Iaynnaxxaa Knra ar-ranxn annxsn
xya xaxxynnaxn ranx an-ran, net cnona uenonexa ncera cnn-
erentcrnymr o yponne ero pasnnrnx. Xamannrt x +ro xnnre
ornocxrcx c ocotm nourennem, pasamr ee ecnnarno. Ecnn xe
nt osnaxomnrect c ne, ro ne onapyxnre nnuero nonoro, uro
onpantnano t raxoe nnnmanne x ne. Fyyun xnnro no axt-
e, xax cnnerentcrnyer o +rom nasnanne, ona onxna tna co-
epxart camte ocronepnte cnxmennte rexcrt, na camom xe
ene n ne npncyrcrnymr ne rontxo cnate, no axe ntyman-
nte xanct. Fonee roro, mex nnora oannxer x +rnm xancam
cnon cnona, a xora aer cctnxy, ro sauacrym ona nenepnax. Ha-
npnmep: n rnane Kora xe On aponan nm oonm narouecrnno-
ro ctna, onn crann npnsnanart napxy c Hnm eme n coyuacrnn-
xon on, xommenrnpyx axr, npnnonr ncropnm, ncxpenrnpy-
mmym namero npaorna npopoxa Aama (r.c.) n ero xeny Xanny.
B ncropnn paccxastnaercx o rom, uro onn oa xxot nnann n
xstuecrno. 3ry ncropnm nepeaer Hn Ay Xarnm or Hn Ia-
aca, ona ouent nsnecrna, a o ee noxnocrn snaer axe camt
cnat cryenr, ne xenammn yunrtcx. Cornacno +ro ncropnn,
xora Xanna saepemenena, x ne n Aamy (r.c.) npnmen Hnnc n
cxasan: nam pyr, xoropt cran npnunno namero nsrnannx
ns Pax. Ecnn x saxouy, ro peenox ponrcx c poramn n pasopner
rno xnnor. Ecnn x saxouy, ro cenam c peenxom uro saxouy.
Hasonnre ero Iaynxapnc
455
. Onn orxasannct, n peenox po-
nncx meprntm. Xanna saepemenena nnont, n nnont npnmen ca-
rana, n nnont onn orxasann emy, n nnont peenox ponncx mepr-
ntm. Kora xe ona saepemenena n rpern pas n npnmen carana,

455
An-Xapnc ono ns nmen carant, cmtcn nonyuaercx: pa carant. n.n.
182
ro onn ann cornacne, n ecrnnrentno nasnann peenxa Ia-
ynxapncom. Ho+romy-ro Annax n cxasan n Kopane: Dh]^Z `_
Hg ^Zjh\Ze bf h[hbf [eZ]hq_klb\h]h kugZ, hgb klZeb ijbagZ-
\Zlv gZjy^m k Gbf _s_ b khmqZklgbdh\ (7:190).
Camt xcnt uerxn orner no +romy nonoy mt moxem
narn y rex yuentx, xoroptx naxxanrt nounramr. Hn Kacnp
no nonoy +ro ncropnn n cnoem snamennrom ra]cnpe, 2/287,
nnmer: 3ra ncropnx npnmna x nam or nme nncannx
456
. Hn
Xasm n xnnre An-uncan ]n an-mnnan na an-axna na an-nnxan
nnmer: Hexoropte cctnamrcx na pnnaxr, cornacno xoropomy
Aam (r.c.) nasnan cnoero ctna Iaynxapnc, na camom ene +rn
pnnaxrt ntymannte n noxnte. Henouxa nepearunxon +rnx
pnnaxron ne ocronepna, na camom ene +ror axr paccxastnaer o
xstunnxax.
Ham nsnecrno, uro Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa tn
rmecnanntm uenonexom, cunranmnm cex nennxnm yuentm. Hc-
roxn +roro rmecnannx, xoneuno xe, n nepnym ouepet ncxoxr
or nero camoro, no nosnee ono tno noepxano ero pystxmn
nocroxoneamn, xoropte npenparnnn ero n xonte nx ycmnpennx
Hcnama. Cornacno nx nnanam, naxxansm onxen tn ornneut
mycyntman or xnxaa npornn nyeen n xpncrnan n saxeut n nx
cpee mexoyconym nony c noopaxaemtm mnpxom n noxno-

456
Vnnnxer ro, uro naxxanrt xpocrno samnmamr cnoero ea. Hocne roro
xax mex Iapaxman nn Xacan ns poa Hn Iaynnaxxaa osnaxomnncx c
ynomxnyrtmn cnonamn Hn Kacnpa, ro n cnoe xnnre uarx an-maxn mapx
xnra ar-ranxn (2/286) nanncan: 3roro ne moxer trt, - n nce!!! On c
paocrtm onnnnr npopoxon n xstuecrne, no o nocnenero yer samnmart
cnoero ea. Ho+romy snare, uro pnnaxr or an-Xacana, npnneennt y ar-
Tnpmnsn (3077), Axmaa (5/11), an-Xaxnma (2/545), ar-Taapn (15513), a-
anamn (5308), xnnxercx cnatm. As-3axan ornepr ero n cnoe xnnre an-
Mnsan.. An-Xacan, npncyrcrnymmn n nenouxe nepearunxon +ror xanca,
tn omanmnxom n cam ntyman +ry nenouxy. Ha camom ene on or Karat
cntman rontxo pnnaxr an-Iaxnxa. Cpen xommenrapnen x +romy axry ecrt n
pyrne pnnaxrt, nepeannte an-Xacanom or Iymapa nn Hpaxnma an-Facpn.
Hn Ian o +rom uenonexe cxasan: On nepeanan or Karat ro, uro ror ne
ronopnn. Ay Xarnm o nem cxasan: Ero xanct ne moryr trt onoom, a
Axma cxasan: V nero mnoxecrno orneprnyrtx xancon.
183
nennem mornnam. A net Hpopox (c.r.c.) n onom ns cnonx xan-
con xcno cxasan, uro carana yxe norepxn naexy na ro, uro my-
cyntmane nepnyrcx n nenexecrno, xstuecrno n naunyr emy no-
xnonxrtcx. uro xe xacaercx npopoxon, ro nnxro ns mycyntman ne
nmeer npana noospenart nx n sanyxennn, onoxmem o xst-
uecrna. Ho nonoy ncropnn o Aame (r.c.), ynomxnyro ntme,
nmam an-Kypryn n cnoem ra]cnpe cxasan: Mycyntmannn co
sopontm cepnem (ymo. n.n.) nn sa uro ne nonepnr n +ry
ncropnm
457
. Mne xaxercx, uro Hn Iaynnaxxa ne namen
npemenn, urot npouecrt +rn crpoxn. a n noome, xax moxno
tno nastnart Knnro ranxna xnnry, coepxamym raxne
rpyemne omnxn? H nnont, nonropxxct, x xouy cxasart: Bk-
lhjby h ijhjhd_ :^Zf_ (].k.) mihfygmlZy \ur_, y\ey_lky
\u^mfdhc b km_\_jghc eh`vx.
Her nnuero ynnnrentnoro n rom, uro uenonex, cnoco-
nt oonrart n onopounrt npopoxon, cnocoen nocrynnrt rouno
rax xe n n ornomennn mycyntmancxnx yuentx. Taxnm opasom
on nocrynnn n ornomennn mexa an-Fycapn, xoropt n crnxo-
rnopennn o Hpopoxe (c.r.c.) cxasan: O rocnonn cosann, o
ror, x xoropomy x yy nstnart o nomomn, n ror ent xora (na-
craner) nceomax ea. Ecnn t Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa
tn t ]axnxom, a ne neonorom neoxapnxnsma, ro emy tno
t nsnecrno, uro no mnornx xancax coomaercx o rom, xax n
cynt ent nmn yyr ncxart noepxxn y npopoxon, a re
yyr nanpannxrt nx x Myxammay (c.r.c.). Onn nce nmecre cxa-
xyr emy: Hpocn y Annaxa sacrynnnuecrna, n ono yer ree a-
ponano, npocn y Hero, n On ree ornernr. 3ror xanc nepeaer
ontmnncrno xanconeon or pasnnuntx cnonnxnnxon Hpopo-
xa (c.r.c.). Pasne moxno nocne +roro nastnart xstunnxom an-
Fycapn, cxasanmero rontxo ro, uro coepxnrcx n xancax Hpo-
poxa (c.r.c.)? Wlh eh`v, g_^himklbfh, qlh[u \ dgb]_ ih Zdu-
^_ fmkmevfZgkdbo mq_guo h[\bgyeb \ yauq_kl\_.

457
An-Kypryn. An-xamnr nn axxam an-Kypan. cypa An-Arpa], axr
190.
184
B rnane Onn ne nosann Annaxy onxntm opasom
(6:91) Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa npnnonr xanc or Ay
3appa: Honoxne Tpona no cpannennm c camnm Tponom noo-
no xenesnomy xontny, pomennomy n nycrtne na 3emne. Ho-
cnenne cnona na 3emne xnnxmrcx oannennem camoro mexa,
net on ouent nmnr oannxrt x pnnaxram or cex.
Ar-Taapn npnnonr +ror xanc no nomepom 5795 or
Hn 3aa, xoropt cunraercx cnatm nepearunxom. An-
Faxaxn npnnonr ero n Ac-Ct]ar na c. 404, a Ay Harnm n
An-Xynnx (1/168), n nenouxe nepearunxon nx pnnaxra npn-
cyrcrnyer xx nn Carn an-Kypamn ac-Carn, o xoropom Hn
Xaan n An-Maxpyxnn (3/129) nnmer: On nepeaer ncxa-
xennte xanct or Hn xapnxa, a ero pnnaxrt or ocronepntx
nme coepxar omnxn, no+romy ero pnnaxrt nentsx npnnn-
mart n xauecrne onoa. An-Iaxnnn no nonoy +roro xanca
cxasan: He cneyre sa nnm; cm. an-Mnsan.
urot onponeprnyrt +ror pnnaxr ocrarouno ormernrt,
uro n uncne nepearunxon npncyrcrnyer omanmnx Hpaxnm
nn Xnmam nn xx an-Iaccann, o xoropom ouent nopono
paccxastnaer Hn Ay Xarnm, a n xonne oannxer: . on
nxen. Iann nn an-Xycen nn an-xyna no nonoy +roro
cxasan: Ay Xarnm npan, ne cneyer nepeanart xanct +roro
uenonexa. Ay 3apra cxasan: On nxen. As-3axan cxasan:
Xanct +roro Hpaxnma ornepramrcx; cm. Hncan an-mnsan
as-3axan (1/122, nomep 372), An-xapx na ar-rarnn (2/142,
nomep 469). Hmenno no+romy mex Byra an-Apnayr tn nt-
nyxen npnsnart: Henouxa nepearunxon +roro xanca ouent
cnaax. Ho cyrn ena +ror xanc \u^mfZgguc.
B rnane Onn ns nnon mnpxa npocta o nomomn ne y
Annaxa. on npnnonr xanc or Hn Hmxarn: Bo npemena
Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) xnn nnnemep, xoropt ouent npenn mycyntma-
nam, n re cxasann pyr pyry: Hoemre, nonpocnm nomomn y
nocnannnxa Annaxa, - n Hpopox (c.r.c.) nm cxasan: Hpocnre
nomomn ne y menx, a y Annaxa. 3ro noxnt xanc, Hn Hm-
xara sanyrancx no nonoy cmtcna +roro xanca, a xpome roro, n
ero nenouxa roxe sanyrannax. 3ror xanc npnnonrcx y Axmaa
185
(5/317) or uenonexa, cntmanmero cnona Iyat nn ac-Camnra:
Bstnare ne xo mne, a x Annaxy. Pasne xora-nnyt cno-
nnxnnxn Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) tnn nacrontxo cnat, urot xano-
nartcx na nnnemepon
458
?
B rnane Onn ns nnon mnpxa nomenne pacneron n
nnrox. n xauecrne cnoero onoa on npnnonr xanc: Kro
nocnr ranncman, romy Annax ne cenaer npoonxennx, xro no-
cnr paxonnny, romy Annax ne npoxnnr cnom mxrxocrt
459
, n ne-
nouxe nepearunxon +roro xanca npncyrcrnyer Mampax nn
Iaxan, o xoropom Hn Xnan cxasan On nepeaer orneprnyrte
xanct or Iyxt, +rnm xancam nentsx cneonart, a +ror xanc
xax pas nepean or +roro uenonexa. Ac-Cymrt no nonoy +roro
xanca cxasan: Cnat
460
.
B rnane Iaanne no snesam on npnnonr xanc ns
copnnxon Axmaa n Hn Xnana. B nenouxe +roro xanca
npncyrcrnyer Ay Xapns, nsnecrnt rem, uro nepeanan ornepr-
nyrte xanct. Axma nn Xanan n an-Hacan cxasann, uro +ror
xanc cnat. Ftno t noome xopomo, ecnn t on n +ro rna-
ne npnnen xorx t onn ocronepnt xanc.
B rnane O neuennn n ranncmanax on npnnonr xanc:
Kro nocnr xaxym-nno nemt, ror yer npecrannen e. B ne-
nouxe +roro xanca npncyrcrnyer Hn Ay Hxnn, nmam Axma
o nem cxasan: V nero nnoxax namxrt n sanyrannte xanct.
Byra cxasan: eme ne nnen uenonexa c raxo nnoxo namx-
rtm. B nontsy cnaocrn +roro xanca ntcxasancx n xx nn
Carn an-Karran. B pnnaxre +roro xe xanca or an-Hacan npn-
cyrcrnyer Iaa nn Macapa an-Mynxapn, nmam Axma o nem

458
Kro cxasan, uro sanpemaercx opamartcx sa nomomtm x xnnomy npopoxy?
axe nx noxt Hn Temnx n cnoe xnnre Ar-Tanaccynt na an-nacnnx, c.
145 nnmer: Cornacno cynne, x xnnomy moxno opamartcx c npocto o
monte n pyro nomomn, na xoropym on cnocoen. Bex Myxamma nn
Iaynnaxxa ncnontsyer ynomxnyrte cnate xanct, nx roro urot ox-
nnrt osnonenno xpont mycyntman, no +romy nonoy y nero ecrt axe or-
entnax rnana Becrn o rom, uro uacrt +ro ymmt noxnonxercx nonam.
459
Hpnnonrcx y Axmaa, Ay rnn n ar-Taapann.
460
xananynn ac-Cymrt. an-xamnr ac-carnp. T. 6, N 8858.
186
cxasan: Cnat nepearunx, a Ay ay cxasan: On ne cn-
nen.
B +ro xe rnane on npnnonr xanc O Pya]nr, nos-
moxno, rt npoxnnemt onro.
461
B nenouxe nepearunxon
+roro xanca npncyrcrnyer nensnecrnt uenonex Baan an-
Karann. B pyrom pnnaxre +roro xanca npncyrcrnyer Hn Hm-
xara, o xoropom Hn Maxn cxasan: Hn onn ns xancon +roro
uenonexa x ne cunram ocrontm; nmam Axma cxasan: sa-
nnctnam xanct +roro uenonexa, no snam, uro onn ne moryr
cnyxnrt n xauecrne onoa; xx nn Myrnn cxasan: Hn onn
ns ero xancon ne nmeer nennocrn. A n pnnaxre or an-Hacan
npncyrcrnyer nensnecrnt, nmenno no+romy n nenouxe nepear-
unxon cxasano: Hepe nnm tn ynomxnyr pyro uenonex.
B rnane Pan Annaxa moxno npocnrt rontxo Pa npn-
nonrcx xanc: Pan Annaxa moxno npocnrt rontxo Pa, xa-
nc cnat, npnnonrcx y Ay aya, 1671, a-anamn, 7986,
oa napnanra nepeant or xanpa. B An-Myxassa cxasano:
B nenouxe nepearunxon +roro xanca npncyrcrnyer Cyneman
nn Myras, o xoropom xx cxasan: On nnuro, Iaynxax n
Hn an-Karran cxasann: On cnat nepearunx. Cnatm ero
npnsnan axe an-Anann, cm.: an-Mnmxar, 1944.
B rnane Onn ne nosann Annaxy onxntm opasom on
npnnonr pnnaxr: 3naere nn nt, xaxono paccroxnne mexy ne-
ecamn n semne? - mt ornernnn: 3ro neomo Annaxy n Ero
nocnannnxy. On ornernn: Mexy nnmn nxrtcor ner, or onoro
nea o pyroro raxxe nxrtcor ner, ronmnna neec raxxe no
nxrtcor ner. Ha cetmtm neom naxonrcx mope, rnynna xo-
roporo panna paccroxnnm mexy neom n semne. Ha +rnm mo-
pem nocemt xosnon, paccroxnne or xontra onoro ns nnx o e-
pa panno paccroxnnm mexy neom n semne. Ha nnmn naxo-
nrcx rpon, ntcora xoroporo panna ntcore mexy neom n sem-
ne. 3nanne
462
Annaxa ntme +roro, Emy nsnecrnt nce exnnx

461
Hpnnonrcx y an-Hacan, Ay aya n Axmaa.
462
Myxaccnmnrt, ocnontnaxct na +rom xance, yrnepxamr, uro Annax
xnnxercx renom, na camom xe ene xanc coomaer rontxo o rom, uro snanne
Annax npentme ncero +roro.
187
noromxon Aama
463
. anee mt npnneem ananns (raxpnx) +ro-
ro xanca.
xx nn an-Ianx. Baxnr nn an-xappax o nem cxasan:
On omantnaer; Axma nn Xanan cxasan: On nxen, npn-
ymtnaer xanct, - ynnnrentno, uro necmorpx na +ro Axma
npoonxaer npnnonrt ero xanct. xx nn Myrnn o +rom
uenonexe cxasan: On nenaexnt, Iamp nn an-uanac n an-
Fyxapn cxasann: Ero xanct ornepramrcx, Hpaxnm an-
xanxapn cxasan: 3ro cnat mex, cm. An-Kamnn ]n yra-
]a ap-pnxan, 7/198, N 2104, An-Kam] an-xacnc ramman py-
mnx n nar an-xanc, c. 280, N 840.
Cammax nn Xap. Iaynna nn Myapax o nem cxasan:
Ero xanct cnate, necmorpx na ro uro Hn Xnan n nasnan
ero naexntm uenonexom, no sarem cxasan: On uacro omnaer-
cx! Cy]txn ac-Canpn cxasan: On cnat nepearunx, xapnp
cxasan: nnen, xax Cammax nn Xap ornpannxn nyxy crox,
Byra roxe cunran ero cnatm nepearunxom, cm. An-Kamnn
]n yra]a ap-pnxan, 3/460, N 875. Hn an-xansn ynomnnaer
+roro uenonexa n xnnre A-yra]a na an-marpyxnn (Cnate
n orneprnyrte), 2/26, N 1552 n ronopnr: Byra n Cy]txn ac-
Canpn cunrann ero cnatm nepearunxom. Hn Iammap cxasan:
Ionopxr, on uacro omnancx, o ero xancax ntcxastnann pas-
nnunte mnennx. Hn Myrnn cxasan: On npnnonr xanct, xo-
roptx nn y xoro ner. Cannx nn Myxamma cxasan: Ero cun-
ramr cnatm.. Iapaxman nn Rcy] nn Xappam cxasan:
B ero xancax uyncrnyercx cnaocrt. Kpome nnx Cammaxa
cnatm npnsnanann an-Fyxapn n Mycnnm.
Iaynna nn Iymapa an-Ky]n. Ftn nacrannnxom Cam-
maxa nn Xapa. As-3axan o nem n An-Mnsan. nnmer: B

463
Hpnnonrcx y Axmaa, Iaa nn Xamna, Ay aya, ar-Tnpmnsn, Hn
Maxn, Iycmana nn Carna a-apnmn n ero ornere xaxmnram, Hn Ay
a-yntn n xnnre An-Marap, Hn Ay Iactma n Ac-Cynna, Ay rnn,
Hn Xysamt n Ar-Tanxn, Hn Ay Xarnma, Ay Axmaa, an-Xaxnma n
An-Kyna, ar-Taapann n An-Kanp, Ay Bexa n An-Iasama, An-
Xaxnma n Ac-Ctxax, an-Hxxnxn n Ac-Cynna, an-Faxaxn n An-Acma na
ac-ct]ar or an-Iaaca nn Iaynmyrranna.
188
nem ecrt nenexecrno, a n An-Myrna nnmer: On ne nsnec-
ren. Hpaxnm nn an-Xapn cxasan: ero ne snam; n Hncan
an-mnsan cxasano: Hensnecrnt, 7/267, N 3588. An-Iaxnnn n
Hn Ian npnsnann +roro uenonexa cnatm nepearunxom. Ia-
ynna nn Iymap, npnnox +ror xanc, cctnaercx na an-Axna]a
nn Kaca, an-Fyxapn no +romy nonoy cxasan: ne cntman,
urot on ncrpeuancx c an-Axna]om nn Kacom. Kax nnnre,
nepearunxn +roro xanca omanmnxn, a raxxe cnate, nensne-
crnte nmn.
B +ro xe rnane on cctnaercx na xanc: Paccroxnne
mexy neecamn nxrtcor ner, npnnonrcx y ar-Tnpmnsn, 3298,
xoropt cxasan: Xacan (nepearunx xanca) nnxora ne ncrpe-
uancx c Ay Xypapo. Hsnecrno, uro +ror an-Xacan npnymt-
nan xanct n nosnonn nenouxn x Ay Xypape. B An-Mnsan
cxasano: On ouent mnoro ]antcn]nnnponan, nce xanct, xxot
nepeannte or Ay Xypapt, nmemr oopnannte nenouxn. B
pyrom pnnaxre, nepeannom or nero xe, coomaercx, uro pac-
croxnne or onoro cnox semnn o pyroro panno nxrncra nxm,
ceronx xe nam nsnecrno, uro +ro ne rax. Kax nnnre, +ror pnna-
xr orneprnyrt, a xanc cam no cee ntymannt.
Kpome ncero ntmenepeuncnennoro n +ro xnnre ecrt xa-
nct noome es cctnox na ncrounnx!! Ho+romy xommenraro-
pam +ro xnnrn npnmnoct camnm npoanannsnponart +rn xanct
n art nx xapaxrepncrnxy, n onn ouent paonannct, xora naxo-
nnn xanc n xaxom-nno ns nsnecrntx copnnxon. ne xouy n
anno xnnre anannsnponart +rn xanct, nocxontxy ynomxnyro-
ro yxe ocrarouno nx roro, urot yenrtcx, uro +ror uenonex,
no cnonam Cynemana nn Iaynnaxxaa, ne nmeer axe ono
ecxro onn snann, neoxonmtx nx nxrnxaa
464
.

464
unrax +ry xnnry, nt moxere samernrt, uro mex ouent cnntno cnmnarnsn-
pyer nyecxo neonornn. Hanpnmep, on npnnonr cnona nyecxoro cnx-
mennnxa: O Myxamma, n namnx xnnrax cxasano, uro Annax nonnmer nee-
ca cnonm nantnem. B pyrom mecre on yxe cam nnmer: 3rn pnnaxrt o-
crannct nam or nyeen, n onn ne tnn orneprnyrt n ne noneprnnct rpaxron-
xe. Kax nnnre, mex npnstnaer ne orneprart +rn ncropnn n ne xommenrn-
189
Xouercx ormernrt, uro n nocnenee npemx na rpyt me-
xa Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa tn naneen rax nastnaemt
mapa]er, nce nenyxnoe yannnn, a nce neoxonmoe oannnn, x
naemct, uro n yymem nam yacrcx nponecrn ananns +rnx rpy-
on n ntxnnrt +rn ncnpannennx.
3nare, o naxxanrt, nt crponre cnon yexennx na
noxntx xancax, ntymanntx ecconecrntmn omanmnxamn n
nensnecrntmn nmtmn, n n ro xe npemx nt ocrannxere ocro-
nepnte cnona Annaxa n xanct Hpopoxa (c.r.c.)
<ZooZ[blu b dj_kl
V mexa Hn Fasa cnpocnnn: nnxercx nn nenepnem
nomenne xpecra? H on ornernn: Her, n +rom ner nnuero
crpamnoro. Bo-nepntx, cneyer saymartcx, necer nn +ro Hcna-
my nontsy? Ecnn a, ro +ro yxpamenne nnn noapox cneyer
npnnxrt, n on cunraercx osnonenntm.n r... Kora xe cnpa-
mnnammn, nosmymaxct, cnpocnn: Ho +ro xe xpecr? - mex
ornernn: axe ecnn xpecr
465
.
Taxon, ynaxemte unrarenn, naxxansm, raxont xpynne-
mne naxxanrcxne yuente, npnxnatnammne cnon ycnnnx n nc-
xopenennn Hcnama. Annax nenen nam trt n onnosnnnn x nye-
xm n xpncrnanam, a naxxanrcxne yuente cunramr, uro nomenne
xpecra necer nontsy Hcnamy, onee roro, onn paspemamr yn-
nart xnrene Hpaxa, axe ecnn re conepmamr monnrny n meue-
rn, a yncrno mycyntman-nanron, cornacno nx neonornn,
xnnxercx onnm ns nyre npnnnxennx x Annaxy.
Bex Myxamma nn Cannx an-Iycemnn n cnoem nnrep-
ntm nx rasert An-Mycnnmyn (Mycyntmane) (N 602 or
2.04.1417r.) cxasan: Ecnn mt npenonoxnm, uro npannrenem

ponart, a Hpopox (c.r.c.) coneronan ne npnnnmart nx sa npany, no n ne onn-
nxrt paccxasunxa no nxn.
465
Cm. oxrop Myxamma nn Iaynna an-Macrapn. an-Annnx an-xarrnx
ranx raam maprnxr a-aynx ac-Carynx (ocronepnte onot n nontsy
ne coornercrnnx cayncxoro rocyapcrna saxonam mapnara). C. 167. Myx-
nn nn Xan an-Banrn an-mann, onn ns yuennxon Hn Fasa, nanncan x
+ro ]erne onponepxenne.
190
mycyntmancxoro rocyapcrna cran nenepnt, ro +ro ne snaunr,
uro mycyntmane onxnt noccrart npornn nero, net +ro moxer
npnnecrn x ecnopxxam, xaocy n maccontm yncrnam. Taxona
naxxanrcxax axta, npnstnammax trt noxopntmn nenepntm.
Mt xe coneryem mexy Iycemnny conepmnrt eme onee na-
ropont nocrynox, nenonart nm pyxn n monnrtcx sa nnx.
K\ylugb b [_kihdhckl\h h [hevrbo ^_j_\vyo
Baxxanrt cunramr neonycrnmtm nocemenne mornnt
npopoxa Myxammaa (c.r.c.). 3ra nex nocxonr x Hn Temnn,
xoropt cunran sanperntm (xapam)
466
nocemenne mornnt Hpo-
poxa (c.r.c.) n ncex ocrantntx npopoxon noome, onee roro, on
xnaccn]nnnponan +ror nocrynox xax xstuecrno
467
. Ho ero mne-
nnm xypamnrcxn non Hxr cran nrorom ynaxennx apaon x
onomy ns npanennxon
468
. Hcxox ns +ro ]ernt, naxxanrt
oxnnnn ncex mycyntman, nocemammnx mornny Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.), xstunnxamn n paspemnnn ynnart.
Ho pasne moxer trt sanperntm nocemenne mornnt
Hpopoxa (c.r.c.)? Hsnecren xanc Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), n xoropom on
cxasan: sanpeman nam nanemart mornnt, renept xe x paspe-
mnn nam +ro, rax nanemare xe nx. npnnonrcx y Mycnnma,
an-Hacan, ar-Tnpmnsn, Ay aya n Axmaa.
Kpome roro, y an-Hacan ecrt pyro pnnaxr c cnntno
nenouxo: .x sanpeman nam nanemart mornnt, renept xe xro
xenaer, moxer nx nanemart. Hpnmepno raxo xe xanc ecrt y
Mannxa. B pyrom pnnaxre Hpopox (c.r.c.) cxasan: sanpeman
nam rpn nemn, ono ns xoroptx tno nocemenne mornn, renept
xe nt nx moxere nanemart, nosmoxno, +ro npnnecer nam o-
po.
469
Cam Hpopox (c.r.c.) naneman mornny cnoe marepn, no
emy ne tno ano paspemennx monnrtcx o ee npomennn, n onom
ns xancon o +rom cxasano: nonpocnn y cnoero Iocnoa pas-

466
Hn Temnx an-uarana an-xypa 1/142, Maxmyr an-]arana 4/520.
467
Cm. Hn Temnx Hxrna ac-ctpar an-mycraxnm myxann]a axn an-
xaxnm. C. 457.
468
Tam xe, C. 333.
469
Hpnnonrcx y Mycnnma, an-Hacan, Ay aya, Axmaa n ar-Tnpmnsn.
191
pemennx monnrtcx o npomennn moe marepn, no On ne paspe-
mnn mne, x nonpocnn y Hero paspemennx nanemart ee mornny, n
On paspemnn mne
470
.
Kax nnnm, Annax paspemnn nanemart mornnt n nenom,
nouemy xe nocemenne nmenno mornnt Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) onxno
trt sanperntm?
Hanpnmep, Fnnxn nn Paax, naxoxct n Bame, no cne
ynnen Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), xoropt cxasan emy: O Fnnxn, uro +ro
sa uepcrnocrt? He nacrano nn nx rex npemx nocernrt nac?
Hpocnynmnct, Fnnxn cen na xonx n nanpannncx n Menny. ?]h
_^bgkl\_gghc p_evx [ueh ihk_s_gb_ fh]beu IjhjhdZ
(k.].k.) opanmnct o ero mornnt, on ynan na semnm n sanna-
xan
471
.
Kpome roro, n copnnxe xancon nmama Axmaa nn Xan-
ana coepxnrcx xanc o Myrase, n xoropom Hpopox (c.r.c.) sa-
neman emy nanemart cnom mornny. Hponoxax Myrasa n Hemen,
Hpopox (c.r.c.) cxasan emy: O Myas, nosmoxno, rt ontme menx
ne ynnnmt, xora nepnemtcx, nocern mom meuert nnn mornny.
Myas sannaxan, a Hpopox (c.r.c.), nonepnynmnct nnnom x Men-
ne, cxasan: Boncrnny, ontme npan na menx nmemr orooxs-
nennte, nesanncnmo xro onn n re. B apacxo peun cnono nx-
rxnnx (x naemct, moxer trt) ncnontsyercx nx nepeaun
cmtcna naext n xenannx, n uacrnna an raxxe ncnontsyercx
nx pasxcnennx nenn n naext. Cneonarentno, n cnonax
Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) coepxnrcx sanemanne Myrasy nanecrnrt me-
uert Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) n ero mornny no nosnpamennn ns Heme-
na
472
.

470
Hpnnonrcx y Mycnnma, an-Hacan, Ay aya, Hn Maxn n Axmaa.
471
Hn an-Acnp. Vc an-raa. T. 1. C. 208, ro xe camoe ynomnnaercx n
Hn Iacaxnpa.
472
Kpome roro, no anno reme cm.: oxrop Myxamma Carn Pamaan an-
Fyrt. unxx ac-cnpa an-naannx. C. 560 561, nsanne 10
e
. Taxxe x xouy
oparnrt nnnmanne na ror ]axr, uro cnonnxnnxn npopoxa (c.r.c.) n n uacr-
nocrn Iymap nn an-Xarra nsxnnn xenanne trt noxoponenntm pxom c
Hpopoxom (c.r.c.).
192
uro xe xacaercx xanca: Hpenamepennte nyremecrnnx
conepmamrcx rontxo x rpem meuerxm, meuern an-Xapam, meuern
Hocnannnxa Annaxa (c.r.c.) n meuern an-Axca, ro n nem peut
ner rontxo o meuerxx, n npornnnom cnyuae nam tno t sa-
npemeno conepmart npenamepennte nyremecrnnx c nentm na-
necrnrt pocrnennnxon, n noncxax snann, nx conepmennx
xnxaa n n noncxax nponnrannx (sapaorxa). Ecnn xamannrt n
anee yyr ncnontsonart ero n xauecrne onoa, ro +ro yxast-
naer na nx orpannuennocrt.
Mycyntmancxne yuente nanncann ouent mnoro xnnr, n
xoroptx oxcnnnn neoxonmocrt nocemennx mornnt Hpopo-
xa (c.r.c.), ns +rnx rpyon xouercx ntennrt Bn]a ac-caxam ]n
snxpar xap an-anam nmama ac-Cyxn, Xynacar an-na]a ac-
Camxyn, An-Manaxn an-nnnx an-Kacranann, Tyx]ar as-
syyap na an-xanaxnp an-mynrasam Hn Xaxap. Ar-Tepmnsn,
nocne roro xax npnnen xanct o nocemennn mornnt Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.), nanncan: Ocnontnaxct na +rom, yuente cenann ntno,
uro nocemenne mornn ne xnnxercx ocyxaemtm exnnem. Taxoro
mnennx npnepxnnannct Hn an-Myapax, am-Ba]nrn, Axma
n Hcxax. Ho mne xaxercx, uro +ro mnenne nx neoxapnxnron
nenpnemnemo, nocxontxy n +rom cnncxe orcyrcrnymr nmena Hn
Temnn n ero yuennxa Hn an-Kanma.
Ha ]one ntmeynomxnyroro n neoymennn nac ocrannxmr
cneymmne nocrynxn naxxanron: yxonntm ornom naxxansma
xnnxercx Hn Temnx, x xoropomy nocneonarenn npnxonnn n
naexe na narocnonenne. Fnn Iaynxan n An-Iyxy a-
apnx (c. 369 371) nnmer: B xpenocrt (nocne cmeprn Hn
Temnn) npntna rpynna nme. Hm nosnonnnn norn n nepe
omonennem yconmero paspemnnn nporn n ero remnnny. 3rn
nmn cnenn pxom c nnm, unrann Kopan n n naexe na naro-
cnonenne cmorpenn na nero n nenonann ero reno, a sarem ymnn.
3arem npnmnn xenmnnt n conepmnnn ro xe camoe. Ha ero no-
rpeantnte nocnnxn nmn n naexe na narocnonenne pocann
cnon nnarxn n uanmt, onn nnnn noy, xoropax ocranact nocne
omonennx ero rena, n ennnn ymncrte nemecrna, xoropte xna-
nn n +ry noy. Ionopxr, uro ero rmerexa tna npoana sa
193
nxrtcor npxemon, a nnrouxa, na xoropo nncen memouex co
pryrtm or nox, tna npoana sa nxrtecxr npxemon. Hocne
ero noxopon nmn eme onroe npemx xonnn x mornne. G_m`_-
eb B[g L_cfby y\ey_lky bkdexq_gb_f ba \ZooZ[blkdh]h
aZij_lZ, Z, fh`_l [ulv, _]h ihke_^h\Zl_eb [ueb yauqgbdZ-
fb?
yxonntm ornom conpemennoro naxxansma, xax nsnecr-
no, xnnxercx Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa. Mnorne mycyntmane,
nnx nenpnmnpnmoe ornomenne naxxanron xo ncemy, uro cnx-
sano c mornnamn, ymamr, uro mornnt nx npenonrene roxe
ntrnxxr ouent cxpomno n ne ntenxmrcx na yponnem semnn.
Taxoe npecrannenne nenepno, na camom ene naxxanrt npe-
nparnnn mornny Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa n Hexe n na-
croxmn masap. Ha ne nocrpoeno ntcoxoe, xpacnnoe sanne,
orenannoe mpamopom. Bnyrpn monentnoro oma n +p-Pnxe nt-
nemena rannuxa, na xoropo ntrpannponan rexcr npncxrn My-
xammaa nn Carya Myxammay nn Iaynnaxxay, n y noce-
rnrene ecrt nosmoxnocrt npnxocnyrtcx x ne, urot nonyunrt
narocnonenne. Hepe rem xax norn n +ry meuert, nt oxsant
cnxrt oynt, uro xe xacaercx ocrantntx meuere, ro nt ne ox-
sant +ro enart, axe ecnn na name oynn rpxst co ncero mnpa.
Hocmorpnre na +rnx naxxanron, sanpemammnx noceme-
nne mornnt Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) n cunrammnx omnxo crponrent-
crno meuern na ero mornno. Pasne onn ne cosann cee nonoro
nona no nmenn Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa?
AZ[em`^_gby oZrZ\blh\
unxx naxxanron-neoxapnxnron xnnxercx ouent no-
nepxnocrntm. nx nnx xnxa +ro nona npornn mycyntman,
xoroptx onn oxnnnn xstunnxamn n myranramn, nx axta
npamaercx noxpyr optt c noopaxaemtm mornnonoxnonnnue-
crnom. Onn cunramr, uro Annax naxonrcx na nee, no+romy
ocyxamr xaxoro, xro cunraer semnm mapoopasno, net +ro
yap no nx axte. uro xacaercx Tpona n ero nonoxnx, ro onn n
naxxanrcxo neonornn nmemr marepnantnte ]opmt. Ho ryr
nosnnxaer nonpoc, xax Tpon n ero nonoxne moxer orpannun-
194
nart Annaxa n ononpemenno oxnartnart neeca n semnm? Ecnn
nt npnneere +rnm nmxm onot ns Kopana, ro onn ne npnmyr
nx nnn yyr rpaxronart no-cnoemy. urot nnecrn xcnocrt n
+ror nonpoc mt xornm npnnecrn ]erny mexa Axmaa nn Xam-
a an-Xannnn:
Emy tn saan nonpoc: Annax n Kopane ronopnr: Her,
Annax ero nonxn x Cee, uro nt cxaxere no nonoy rex, xro
ncnontsyer +ror axr n xauecrne onoa na naxoxenne Annaxa n
neecax?
On ornernn: 3ro nenepnoe npecrannenne. Kax nsnecrno,
Hpaxnm (r.c.) cxasan cnonm connemennnxam: nanpannxmct x
cnoemy Iocnoy, - a cam nanpannncx n Bam, neyxenn Annax n
+ro npemx naxonncx n Bame? B onom ns xancon Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.) cxasano: Ecnn xro-nno ns nac conepmaer monnrny, ro
nycrt ne nnmer nepe coo, noncrnny mexy nnm n xnno
Annax
473
, - pasne +ro snaunr, uro Annax cronr nepe xaxtm
monxmnmcx? Koneuno xe ner, n apacxom xstxe ecrt nonxrne
ncrnnt n nonxrne mera]opt, xoropte coepxarcx n n Kopane c
cynno roxe. Ho+romy cnona On nonxn ero x Cee yxastna-
mr na ynaxenne, nouer n npnnnxenne. Touno rax xe n cnyuae
cmeprn npanennxa mt ronopnm: Annax sapan ero x Cee.
Hcrnna xe nsnecrna onomy Annaxy.
Ijhlb\hj_qby \ Zdu^_
Xamannrt-naxxanrt xnnxmrcx xnntmn npornnnnxamn
rpaxronxn (rannn) n nenom n rpaxronxn oxecrnenntx arpny-
ron n uacrnocrn. Ho raxax nosnnnx sauacrym npnnonr nx x npo-
rnnopeunm. Hanpnmep, mex Hn Fas n ono ns cnonx ]ern (r.
4, c. 131) ronopnn: Tonxonanne oxecrnenntx arpnyron neo-
nycrnmo n sanperno; no n ro xe npemx on n +ro xe xnnre (r. 2,
c. 89), nocroxnnoe npncyrcrnne Annaxa (an-marnx) rpaxry-
er xax snanne. Cctnaxct na cana]on on nnmer: Hocroxnnoe

473
Hpnnonrcx y ap-Panra nn Xana n An-xamnr ac-caxnx, xanc ne-
pean or Ay Carna an-Xypn. Kpome roro, xanc npnnonrcx y an-Fyxapn,
Mycnnma, an-Hacan, Axmaa n Mannxa, n nx pnnaxrax ecrt neontmne pasnn-
unx, no nce onn cctnamrcx na Hn Iymapa.
195
npncyrcrnne Annaxa nopasymenaer ero ononemennocrt o ex-
nnxx paon. Kax nnnre, on ronopnr ne o ]nsnuecxom npncyr-
crnnn, a nmenno o snannn. B r. 1, na c. 148 on, cctnaxct na ar-
Tanmaxann, yxastnaer: Mycyntmane-cynnnrt ennornacnt n
rom, uro cnona Annaxa On c namn, re t nt nn tnn n nm
noonte ronopxr o agZgbb :eeZoZ. Houemy xe Hn Fas
cam cee npornnopeunr?
Hn Fas xnnxercx nepntm yuennxom n nocneonarenem
Hn Temnn, xoropt raxxe nnan n noonoe npornnopeune. On
sanpeman rpaxronart oxecrnennte arpnyrt, no cam n ro xe
npemx rpaxronan nocroxnnoe npncyrcrnne Annaxa n npnnnct-
nan +ry rpaxronxy cana]am
474
, oxecrnennt cnyx n spenne on
rpaxronan xax snanne, npnxo An-Faxapt n An Inmpan
on rpaxronan xax narpay sa nx urenne
475
n r..
476

Fontme ncero cmemnr ro, uro onn net ornepramr n sa-
npemamr rpaxronanne ar-rannn, n Hn Fas nnuno saxnnxer o
+rom n cnonx ]ernax (r. 4, c. 131). ymam, uro y +rnx nme
ner npnnnnnon, o raxnx Annax n Kopane cxasan: Heyxenn nt
npnsnaere ony uacrt Hncannx, a pyrym ornepraere? (2:85).
3axnnennx xamannron o rom, uro xxot cana]t nosep-
xnnannct or rpaxronannx ar-rannn, xnnxercx nno pesyntra-
rom nenexecrna (Hn Fas cam npnsnaercx, uro ne cmor osnaxo-
mnrtcx co ncemn copnnxamn xancon), nno pesyntrarom ]ana-
rnsma. Ha camom ene cana]t rpaxronann cnxmennte rexcrt n
enann +ro ouent axe uacro. anee mt npnneem npnmept, xo-
ropte xamannrt ne cmoryr orpnnart. Hanpnmep, onn ns camtx
nennxnx cnonnxnnxon Iaynna nn Iaac, xommenrnpyx
cnona: n n ror ent, xora orxpoercx ronent (68:42), - cxasan:
Peut ner o nennxo rpynocrn
477
. Myxaxn, xommenrnpyx
cnona Annaxa: Kya t nt ne nonepnynnct, ram nnx Annaxa

474
Hn Temnx. Maxmyr an-]arana. 5/231.
475
Tam xe. 5/232.
476
Cm. oxrop Iaynrastm an-Marrann. an-Maxasy ]n an-nmra na an-
Kypan an-xapnm ana an-nxasa na an-manr. Baxa. 2/830 831.
477
Hn Xaxap an-Iacxanann. uarx an-apn. 13/428.
196
(2:115), - cxasan: To ecrt xnna Annaxa
478
. Axma nn Xanan,
xommenrnpyx cnona n npnmen rno Iocnot, cxasan: Hpnmna
Ero narpaa
479
. An-Fyxapn, xommenrnpyx cnona Annaxa: Bce
rnenno, xpome nnxa Ero, - cxasan: Kpome Ero napcrna
480
; on
xe rpaxronan cmex xax mnnocrt
481
. O mexn-myxaccnmn-
rt, cmoxere nn nt cxptrtcx or ncrnnt?
>ha\he_gb_ e`b
Mnorne mycyntmane oxastnamrcx n neoymennn, xora
cntmar, xax naxxanrt-xamannrt nonnnamr nx rpxstm nxn n
xnenert. Onn es npnneennx xaxnx-nno onoon oonrann n
oxnenerann mnorne masxat. O nexoroptx axe cxasann, uro re
xxot osnonxmr myxenoxecrno, no cxptnamr +ro or mnpoxo
omecrnennocrn
482
. Hnn nanpnmep, nocneonarene mxon, xoro-
pte orpnnamr nosmoxnocrt nnnespennx Annaxa n n +rom mnpe,
n n nocneymmem, onn nastnamr esoxnnxamn, npnxptnam-
mnmncx Kopanom. Touno rax xe onn nocrynamr n n ornomennn
yuentx-anrnnaxxanron
483
. Bce +ro onn enamr nx roro, urot
pasomnrt mycyntman.
Onnm ns npnmepon xnenert n apec mycyntmancxnx
masxaon crano ntcrynnenne oxropa Iymapa an-Amxapa n Hop-
ancxom ynnnepcnrere, n xoropom on oxnnn, uro nanrt nos-
nonxmr ononpemennt pax c xenmnno n ee rere. Vcntman
+rn cnona, npo]eccop Amnn Han] ncran n npouen xanc o sanpe-
re raxoro paxa ns copnnxa nmama ap-Panra nn Xana. Ta-
xnm opasom, Iymap an-Amxap tn onosopen npn ncex npenoa-
narenxx n cryenrax. Ho orxasancx nn on or +roro mnennx?

478
An-Faxaxn. An-Acma na ac-ct]ar. C. 309.
479
Hn Kaccnp. An-Fnax na an-nnxax. 10/327.
480
An-Fyxapn. Caxnx an-Fyxapn. T. 3. C. 171, Knra ar-ra]cnp, Ta]-
cnp cypar an-Kacac.
481
Hn Xaxap an-Iacxanann. uarx an-apn. 6/40.
482
B Kopane cxasano: Bennxn rpex +ro cnono, nponsnocnmoe nx ycramn.
483
Hpo]eccopa Canaxa Mynaxapa, xpnrnxonanmero naxxanrcxn +xcrpe-
mnsm n ornomennn mycyntman, onn onnnnnn n pacnyrcrne, rouno rax xe onn
nocrynnnn c mexom Hypynxaxxom an-Xnnn, xpnrnxonanmnm nx sa ro, uro
onn nnecnn pacxon n pxt mycyntman Hnnn.
197
Onnm ns npnmepon xnenert n apec mycyntmancxnx
yuentx xnnxmrcx cnona 3yxapa am-Bannma o nmame an-Iana
an-Fyxapn n xa]nse ac-Caxann n xnnre Ap-Pa an-na]np. On
nnmer, uro xxot ac-Caxann, xapaxrepnsyx an-Iana an-Fyxapn n
cnoe xnnre A-ay an-namnr (9/219), cxasan: On ncera tn
n nnsxnx ornomennxx c npannrenxmn. Ha camom ene ac-
Caxann nnmer: Ecnn x nemy npnesxann ntcoxonocrannennte
unnt n npannrenn rocyapcrna, ro on naunnan unrart nm npono-
nen, xoropte nnora mornn trt onontno rpytmn. Fonee ro-
ro, on nncan nnctma camomy cynrany, n xoroptx crporo rpeonan
or nero oportcx c necnpanennnocrtm. Bex Xacan nn Iann
ac-Caxxa] ncrpernncx c myxaccnmnrom 3yxapom am-
Bannmem, urot onponeprnyrt +ry xnenery. uro xe ornernn
emy am-Bannm? On ncero nnmt nooeman yannrt +rn crpoxn
ns cneymmero nsannx xnnrn, onaxo ne ntnonnnn cnoero
oemannx, uro cnnerentcrnyer n nontsy ]anarnsma +rnx nm-
e
484
.
Hpearentcrno n noxt ornocxrcx x rem xauecrnam, xoro-
pte nnmamr uenonexa nept. a, mapnar paspemaer mycyntma-
nam npnerart x xnrpocrxm, no ne paspemaer noxt n npearent-
crno. uro xe xacaercx nocrynxon +rnx nme, ro +ro moxno pac-
nennrt rontxo xax npearentcrno mycyntmancxo ymmt, nontr-
xy nocexrt posnt. Annax oeman npoxnxrne necnpanennntm:
a yer npoxnxrne Annaxa na neuecrnnnamn.
Ha nporxxennn nce cnoe ncropnn xamannrt nocroxnno
npaxrnxonann noxt n cunrann ee onycrnmo, xax cpecrno
optt co cnonmn onnonenramn. Hmenno no+romy nmamy ac-
Cyxn am-Ba]nrn npnmnoct nanncart onponepxenne n apec
rex myxaccnmnron, xoropte saxnnnn, uro xxot onn xnnxmrcx
nocneonarenxmn nmama Axmaa. Hmam ac-Cyxn nm ornernn:
.nx nponnxennx cnonx yexenn onn nosnonnnn cee
noxt. Onn ocoenno xnenemyr na rex, xro ncem cnonm nmymecr-
nom n cnnamn crapaercx nm npornnocroxrt. Onomy ns xpyn-

484
Cm. mex Xacan ac-Caxxa] ar-Tann n mann raa ar-ranxn, C. 27-
28.
198
nemnx myxaccnmnron tn saan nonpoc: Moxno nn xnene-
rart n apec nmama am-Ba]nrn? - n on ornernn: Pasne rt ne
cunraemt osnonenno ero xpont? n xora cnpamnnammn cxa-
san: a, cnpamnnaemt ornernn: 'Tora n nce ocrantnoe xn-
nxercx osnonenntm. Cnaca mycyntman or ero nnnxnnx nmt-
mn ocrynntmn nyrxmn. H anee on npoonxaer: Taxona nx
axta, onn cunramr cex mycyntmanamn-cynnnramn. Ha camom
xe ene n nx pxax ner axe nacroxmnx yuentx. Onn oxnnxmr
nenepntmn ncex npecrannrene mycyntmancxo ymmt n anen-
nnpymr x nmamy Axmay nn Xanany, xoropt na camom ene
orpexcx or nnx.
485

Btme mt npnnenn npnmept, xax +rn nmn xnenemyr n
apec nmamon-poonauantnnxon uertpex masxaon. Kpome roro,
onn nepensamr nx xnnrn, no nepe +rnm ncxaxamr nx, yanxx
ro, uro npornnopeunr nx neonornn, n oannxx ro, uro coorner-
crnyer. Onn nepensamr An-Kamma], no nepe +rnm yanxmr
nce ntcxastnannx as-3amaxmapn, npornnopeuamne xamannrcxo
neonornn, n es xaxnx-nno cctnox n noxcnenn oannxmr ro,
uro ntrono nm. Pasne +ro ne npnmep rnycneme nxn
486
?
oxrop Iaynmaxn Faann, paccxastnax o npnuacr-
nocrn naxxanron x pasnnuntm cmyram n ncnamcxom mnpe, nn-
mer: Bce +rn penonmnnn n nepenoport tnn oprannsonant
mtcnnrenxmn-cynnnramn n ]axnxamn-xanannramn, nocneona-
renxmn axn xanc
487
. Fonee roro, +rn nmn rpeymr cunrart
nenepntmn ncex, xro ne onnnxer n nenepnn mnnron
488
. oxrop
Myxamma Carn Pamaan an-Fyrt no +romy nonoy nnmer:
.ornercrnennocrt nepe Annaxom, nayxo n nmtmn sacran-
nxer menx npeynpenrt mycyntman o exnnxx nme, nastna-
mmnx cex nocneonarenxmn npopouecxnx xancon n npnstna-

485
ar-Taaxar am-ma]nrnx. 1/193.
486
Hoponee n pyrnx rnanax.
487
oxrop Iaynmaxn Faann. Tapnx ac-cnxcn na an-]nxp. C. 189.
488
Tam xe.
199
mmnx mycyntman cneonart sa coo
489
; anee on npnnonr
npnmept xnenert naxxanron n ero apec.
Hmenno or nnx ncxoxr ceronxmnne cmyrt n ncnamcxom
mnpe n xnenera n apec ncex yuentx, xoropte ne cornacnt c nx
yexennxmn
490
. Kax nnmer Ay 3axpa: 3rn nmn c ontmo
nerxocrtm npnsnamr cnon yexennx enncrnenno nepntmn, a
uyxne enncrnenno omnountmn
491
; na ocnone +roro onn cun-
ramr nx cex osnonenntm axe xnenerart n apec cnonx onno-
nenron. An-Fyrt no +romy nonoy nnmer: 3rn nmn nacrontxo
nenannxr mycyntman n sannymr nm, uro roront axe ocpa-
mnrt uecrt cnonx onnonenron
492
. Ho+romy neynnnrentno, uro
onn xnenemyr axe n apec nmamon-ocnonononoxnnxon uertpex
masxaon, o uem onee nopono mt paccxaxem n cneymme
rnane.
=eZ\Z iylZy
JZaysZy \ZooZ[blkdZy fukev
C ontmnm npeynennuennem mt nastnaem naxxanrcxym
epect mtcntm. H n +rom pasene mt xornm paccxasart o nexoro-
ptx ocoennocrxx +ro mtcnn, xoropte ntpaxent n ypntx
exnnxx n n rom, uro onn unramr Kopan, no on ne nonnmaer-
cx ntme nx ropna.
De_\_lZ \ZooZ[blh\ \ Z^j_k q_luj_o bfZfh\
Hn nx xoro ne xnnxercx cexperom, uro myxaccnmnrt n
n uacrnocrn Hn Temnx, Hn an-Kanm, Ay rnx, a-apnmn
n pyrne xnenerann n apec Annaxa n Ero Hpopoxa. B +ro xe
rnane mt xornm npnnecrn npnmept nx xnenert n apec uertpex
nmamon-ocnonononoxnnxon masxaon. Mt samernnn, uro nexo-

489
An-Fyrt. an-Hamasxanx. C. 134, on npnnen npnmept nx xnenert n ero
apec.
490
B cnoe xnnre an-Hamasxanx nra ryxany am-mapnra an-ncnamnx.
C. 131, an-Fyrt nnmer: Bce cnona an-Marcymn o a-axnxnn xnnxmrcx
noxtm.
491
Myxamma Ay 3axpa. an-Masaxn an-ncnamnx. C. 355.
492
An-Fyrt. an-Hamasxanx.. C. 110.
200
ropte nmn ne rontxo cunramr xamannrcxnx yuentx cynnn-
ramn, no n nosnennunnamr nx, no+romy anee mt xornm noxasart
omnounocrt +roro mnennx
493
.
BfZf :[m OZgbnZ
Myxaccnmnrt npnnncann emy ntcxastnanne: Kro ro-
nopnr: ne snam, n nee mo Iocnot nnn na semne, ror ne-
nepnt. Annax n Kopane cxasan: Mnnocrnnt nosneccx na
Tpon a, xax nsnecrno, Ero Tpon na cemtm neecamn.
Ha camom ene +ro noxt n xnenera n apec Ay Xann]t.
3ro ntcxastnanne nepeaer Ay Myrtr an-Fanxn, nsnecrnt
nryn n omanmnx. Hn Myrnn o nem cxasan: On nnuroxecrno,
n pyrom ntcxastnannn cxasan: On cna. Hmam Axma cxasan:
He cneyer nepeanart ro, uro paccxastnaer +ror uenonex. An-
Fyxapn cxasan: 3ror uenonex cna, on paccxastnaer ro, uro
nspeer emy n ronony. An-Hacan cxasan: On cna. Ay Xa-
rnm cxasan: On tn mypxnnrom, nxenom. A as-3axan yr-
nepxaer, uro +ror uenonex ntymtnan xanct. Hn Ay an-
Inss, myxaccnmnrcxn xommenrarop raxannrcxo axtt (r. 2,
c. 480), nnrnpyx Hn Kacnpa, nnmer: Ay Myrtr +ro an-
Xaxam nn Iaynna nn Macnama an-Fanxn. Hmam Axma nn
Xanan, xx nn Myrnn, Iamp nn Iann an-uannac, an-Fyxapn,
Ay ay, Ay Xarnm ap-Pasn, Ay Xarnm Myxamma nn Xn-
an an-Facrn, Hn Ian n a-apxyrnn npnsnanann ero cnatm
nepearunxom. Ho n +ro xe xnnre na c. 378 on no +romy nono-
y nnmer: He opamare nnnmanne na roro, xro +ro orpnna-
er. no+romy camn onennre ero. Kpome ntmeynomxnyroro
nxena, n nenouxe nepearunxon +roro pnnaxra npncyrcrnyer Ay
Hcmann an-Ancapn, nsnecrnt xax Bexynncnam, ero cnona no-
ome ne cneyer npnnnmart, nocxontxy on tn ne rontxo my-

493
B +rom pasene ncnontsonant annte ns nneennx mexa Xacana nn Ia-
nn ac-Caxxa]a x xnnre a]r myax ar-ramnx n axy]] ar-ransnx - ap
nmam an-Hanann, ns. 2, Amman, 1412r. (1991r.) C. 69 74, npnnanexame
nepy nmama xa]nsa Ay an-uapaxa Iapaxmana Hn an-xansn an-
Xanann (ym. 597r. (1200r.)) n xnnrn ac-Ca] an-xa, c. 12 14, npnna-
nexame nepy mexa Carna nn Mapyxa an-Kanyn.
201
xaccnmnrom, no n npnepxnnancx mnennx o oxecrnennom no-
nnomennn n ennocymnocrn Fora c cosannxmn. O +rom saxn-
nxer Hn Temnx, nmam ac-Cyxn n Ar-Taaxar an-xypa, r. 4,
c. 272, cctnaxct na as-3axan.
Ho axe ecnn +ro ntcxastnanne ncrnnno, ro nmam Hn
Iaycanxm n Xann ap-pymys, xax nonecrnyer o +rom Iann an-
Kapn n xommenrapnn x An-unxx an-axap, c. 271, nnmer: Kro
ronopnr: ne snam, n nee mo Iocnot nnn na semne, ror
nenepnt noromy, uro +ror uenonex ymaer, uro Annaxy npncy-
me xaxoe-ro mecro, on mymanx.
Iann an-Kapn, xommenrnpyx oe nnrart, nnmer: Mt
onxnt npnnxrt rouxy spennx Hn Iaycanxma n orxasartcx or
ro, uro npnneena n xommenrapnn x raxannrcxo axte. A,
xpome roro, Ay Myrtr, no cnnerentcrny mnornx ynaxaemtx
yuentx, nsnecrnt omanmnx n counnnrent xancon.
K romy xe, nmam Ay Xann]a n An-Bactx cam onpo-
nepran pacnonoxenne Annaxa na Tpone. B xommenrapnn x An-
unxx an-axap (c. 61) cxasano: Mt npnsnaem, uro Annax nos-
neccx (ncrana) na Tpon, no On ne nyxaercx n nem. On na nem ne
cnnr, On xpannrent Tpona n ncex ocrantntx cosann. Ecnn
t On n uem-nno nyxancx, ro ne cmor t cosart nce cymee. A
ecnn t On nyxancx n cnennn, ro nosnnxaer nonpoc: re xe
On tn o cosannx Tpona. Boncrnny, Annax npentme ncero
+roro.
BfZf FZebd [bg :gZk
Onn yrnepxamr, uro on cxasan: Bosnecenne nsnecrno,
no uro ono ns cex npecrannxer nensnecrno, nepnrt n nero
oxsarentno, a cnpamnnart o nem nra.
B raxo ]opme or nero ne tno sa]nxcnponano nn ocro-
nepnoro, nn xopomero, nn cnaoro ntcxastnannx. Ha camom e-
ne on cxasan: DZd wlh ijhbahreh g_ ih^^Z_lky hkfuke_-
gbx, gh \hag_k_gb_ g_ y\ey_lky q_f-eb[h g_ba\_klguf, \_-
jZ \ g_]h h[yaZl_evgZ, Z kijZrb\Zlv h[ wlhf [b^]Z. 3ro
onponepraer nce onot myxaccnmnron.
202
Hn an-Haan n Hrxa] ac-caar an-myrraxnna (r. 2, c.
82), xommenrnpyx cnona Mannxa, nnmer: DZd wlh ijhbahreh
g_ ih^^Z_lky hkfuke_gbx, ro ecrt ne noaercx ocmtcnennm
na ocnone arpnyron, npncymnx cosannxm, n npnnnctnanne
+rnx arpnyron Annaxy npornnopeunr pasymy, a, cneonarentno,
nx nannune y Annaxa cneyer orpnnart, gh \hag_k_gb_ g_ y\-
ey_lky q_f-eb[h g_ba\_klguf, ro ecrt c rouxn spennx xstxo-
neon +ro nnonne xcnoe nonxrne. H mycyntmannn onxen ero
npnsnanart n ro mepe, n xoropo ono coornercrnyer oxecr-
nenno cyrn Annaxa, noromy uro ant-ncrnna ornocnrcx x pase-
nam nept n Annaxa n Ero xnnrn. KijZrb\Zlv h[ wlhf [b^-
]Z, ro ecrt nonoe nx Hcnama, noromy uro cnonnxnnxn Hpo-
poxa (c.r.c.) nonnmann xstxono cmtcn +roro cnona n rpaxrona-
nn ero coornercrnenno Ero oxecrnenno cyrn. Kora xe nosna-
nnx nme ornocnrentno nexcnxn apacxoro xstxa crann cna-
tmn, onn crann nyrartcx n +rom nonpoce n ncxart na nero orne-
rt.
B pyrom cnoem ntcxastnannn nmam Mannx cxasan:
Mnnocrnnt nosneccx na rpon rax, xax coomnn o +rom n Ko-
pane. H ne cneyer saanart nonpoc xax?, nocxontxy +ror no-
npoc ne coornercrnyer oxecrnenno cymnocrn. 3ro xcnt
orner myxaccnmnrcxo axte, ocnonanno na nonpoce xax? n
ornere na +ror nonpoc
494
.
BfZf Zr-RZnb]b
Myxaccnmnrt npnnnctnamr emy cnona: Cynna, xoro-
po npnepxnnamct x n pyrne namn xanconet, ynacneonana
namn or Cy]txna, Mannxa n pyrnx n saxnmuaercx n cnnerent-
crne, uro ner oxecrna, xpome Annaxa, uro Myxamma Ero no-
cnannnx, uro Annax na rpone n neecax, no Cnoemy xenannm
moxer npnnnxartcx x Cnonm cosannxm n nncxonrt n neeca
+roro mnpa. n r.. 3ra nnrara npnneena n Myxracap an-

494
Cm. Hrxa] ac-caar an-myrraxnna. T. 2. C. 82; a]r am-myax ar-
ramnx - C. 71 72; Xacan ac-Caxxa]. Knra raxna axn ac-cynna na an-
xamara. C. 29-30.
203
rynm, c. 176, co cctnxo na mexynncnama Ay an-Xacana an-
Xaxapn n xa]nsa Ay Myxammaa nn Hpnca am-Ba]nrn.
Bce +roro noxt, +rn cnona npnnncant nmamy am-
Ba]nrn, a n n nenom xnnra Myxracap an-rynm xnnxercx o-
nontno npornnopeunno
495
.
uro xe xacaercx nepearunxon +roro ntcxastnannx, ro
rax nastnaemt mexynncnam Ay an-Xacan an-Xaxapn tn ns-
necrntm omanmnxom, ntymtnanmnm xanct. Xa]ns as-
3axan n Mnsan an-nrrnan (r. 3, c. 112) cxasan o nem cney-
mmee: Ay an-Kacnm nn an-Iacaxnp cxasan, uro +ror uenonex
ne tn naexntm. A Hn an-Haxap cooman, uro on tn o-
nnnen n ntymtnannn xancon n nenouex x nnm. Fnn Xaxap n
Hncan an-mnsan, 4/159, (nnncxoe nsanne) cxasan: Font-
mnncrno ero xancon tnn crpanntmn, orneprnyrtmn n nty-
manntmn. Hexoropte xanconet cxasann, uro on ntymtnan
xanct, xora xnn n Ac]axane. Bex ac-Caxxa], xommenrnpyx
+ro, cxasan: Hn Temnx an-Xappann n cnoe xnnre an-
Bactxry an-xypa ]n an-raxna na a-arna nastnaer +roro o-
manmnxa mexynncnamom. Ay Myxamma an-Maxacn cxasan,
uro on tn myxaccnmnrom, n no+romy yuente nsann ]enry o
osnonennocrn ero xasnn. Cm. xnnry 'as-3an ranx ap-
payarann.
Kax tno cxasano ntme, myxaccnmnrt yrnepxamr,
uro ntcxastnanne nmama am-Ba]nrn tno nepeano or nero
Ay Byraom, no, xax nsnecrno, +ror uenonex ponncx uepes
na roa nocne cmeprn am-Ba]nrn, cm.: Tapnx Fara, 9/436.
Tax axta, xoropym myxaccnmnrt ntramrcx npnnncart nmamy
am-Ba]nrn, na camom ene emy ne npnnanexnr, nmam as-
3axan n Hncan an-mnsan, 5/301, no +romy nonoy nnmer:
3romy uenonexy npnnncann mnoroe, n n uacrnocrn ntyman-
nt xanc o npenmymecrnax noun Iamypa n axty am-
Ba]nrn.
anee ac-Caxxa] nnmer: Bosmoxno, an-Iamapn, ynomx-
nyrt n nenouxe nepearunxon, xnnxercx rem xe uenonexom, uro

495
Hpnnanexnr nepy Hactpa an-Anann.
204
n an-Xaxapn. Eme onnm ntymmnxom n +ro nenouxe xnnxercx
Hn Kanm, xoropt raxxe ntymtnan xanct. Kora x npouen
xnnry Tan as-sanxm an-myxaxm, c. 108, npnnanexamym
nepy an-Kaycapn, ro onapyxnn cneymmee: Axta, npnnnct-
naemax nmamy am-Ba]nrn y an-Kypann, xnnxercx xnenero n ero
apec n nepeaercx uepes omanmnxon an-Iamapn n Hn Kan-
ma. Taxnm opasom, nce nontrxn npnnncart nmamy am-
Ba]nrn myxaccnmnrcxym axty tnn rmerntmn. Xnana An-
naxy.
BfZf :ofZ^ [bg OZg[Ze
Baxxanrt oxnnxmr cex nocneonarenxmn nmama Ax-
maa n rem camtm xnenemyr na nero n nosopxr ero. B ornnune or
nnx on nnxora ne oxnnxn osnonenno xpont mycyntman, a-
xe ecnn onn tnn myranramn, n Myxracap ap-pana no +ro-
my nonoy cxasano: Ecnn uenonex npnsnaer oe maxat, ro mt
ne moxem npnsnart ero nenepntm axe n rom cnyuae, ecnn on
myranr. Mt onxnt nontrartcx art rpaxronxy ero cnonam n
nocrynxam, a, moxer trt, on sanyrancx. Touno raxoro xe mne-
nnx npnepxnnancx nam yunrent Ay an-Iaac Hn Te-
mnx
496
. Baxxanrt xe napymnnn +rn npnnnnnt n nauann yn-
nart mycyntman rontxo sa ro, uro onn conepmamr xaxym-nno
nra. Baxxanrt oxnenerann nmama Axmaa, rax xe xax oxne-
nerann ero npemecrnennnxon, an-Kanyn no +romy nonoy nn-
mer: Hmam Axma noneprcx rxxenomy ncntrannm, nenext
npnnncann emy pasnnunte nsnpamennte ntcxastnannx n onac-
rn axtt. O +rom saxnnxmr Hn an-xansn, Hn ac-Canax,
Hn Iaycanxm, nmam ac-Cyxn, ero ctn ar-Tax, as-3axan n
pyrne
497
.
Kpome ntmeynomxnyroro onn npnnncann nmamy Axmay
xpnrnxy xaxmnsma, as-3axan no +romy nonoy nnmer: .on
ne nncan Ap-Pncana an-ncraxapn n ne xpnrnxonan xaxmn-
ron, nce +ro emy npnnncann. anee on npnnonr onee xon-

496
Cyneman nn Iaynnaxxa. ac-Canarnx an-nnxxnx. C. 47 co cctnxo
na Myxracap ap-pana.
497
Bex Carn nn Mapyx an-Kanyn. ac-Ca] an-xa. C. 192.
205
xpernte npnmept n saxnnxer: Knxnyct Annaxom, nmam Axma
ne ronopnn noonoe, nycrt Annax norynr +rnx xnenernnxon.
anee on saxnnxer: Hocmorpnre na +rnx nenexecrnenntx xan-
coneon, onn snann, uro nce +ro npnnncano nmamy Axmay, n
monuann
498
.
OZrZ\blu aZimlu\Zxl fmkmevfZgkdmx fukev
Xouercx ormernrt, uro xamannrt axe ne ymemr unrart,
npocrtm oxasarentcrnom +roro cnyxnr ror ]axr, uro no npemx
xaxa 1419r. (1998r.) ycepno pasanann nepnoe nsanne xnnrn,
xoropym nt unraere. Ho ecnn o nx cneennx oxonr uro-nno,
npornnopeuamee nx yexennxm, ro onn npnnaramr nce ycnnnx
nx ero ynnuroxennx. Hnxe mt xornm npnnecrn npnmept opt-
t xamannron c pasnnuntmn npoxnnennxmn mycyntmancxo
mtcnn.
Bo-nepntx, onn ynnuroxamr nce xnnrn, npornnopeuamne
nx yexennxm. Hmenno no+romy tna coxxena apacxax n-
nnorexa n Mexxe. Ceronx xe onn sauacrym cxynamr rnpax xnn-
rn, xoropax nm ne npannrcx, n cxnramr ee. uro xe xacaercx xnnr
Cena Kyra, ro onn noome sanpement n naxxanrcxnx crpa-
nax.
Bo-nroptx, onn npneramr x ncxaxennm nsnecrntx pe-
xnx xnnr (uro-ro oannxmr, uro-ro yannxmr), a sarem nsamr
+rn xnnrn.
1. Hmn tn nsan copnnx an-Fyxapn n ]opme naopa ro-
nentxnx xnnxeuex, no nepe ero nsannem onn es npeynpex-
ennx yannnn ns +ro xnnrn nexoropte xanct.
2. Bex Myxamma Hypn a-ncypn n cnoe xnnre Py-
y ranx myyxar ac-cana]nx (c. 249) nnmer: Hmnmtm e-
nom cana]nron xnnxercx ncxaxenne n yanenne xancon. Ha-
npnmep, Hyrman an-Anycn ncxasnn ra]cnp cnoero orna npaxcxo-
ro mexa Maxmya an-Anycn Pyx an-marann, ecnn t ne +ro
ncxaxenne, ro +ra xnnra tna t npnsnana onnm ns camtx
nyumnx n nonntx xommenrapnen Kopana.

498
As-3axan. Cnxp arnxm an-nyanx. T. 11. C. 286.
206
3. Hcxaxenne ra]cnpa An-Kamma], npnnanexamero
nepy as-3amaxmapn. 3ror ra]cnp c ncnpannennxmn n ncxaxenn-
xmn tn nsan n +p-Pnxe n nsarentcrne An-Ianxan. Ha-
npnmep, n Kopane cxasano: EbpZ \ lhl ^_gv [m^ml kbylv, b
\abjZlv gZ =hkih^Z k\h_]h 75:22 23, naxxanrt yannnn nce
xommenrapnn as-3amaxmapn n ncrannnn cnon, n pesyntrare no-
nyunncx nont naxxanrcxn, a ne samaxmapnrcxn ra]cnp.
4. Onn nepensann xnnry an-Myrnn, npnnanexamym
nepy Hn Kyamt an-Xanann n yannnn nenym rnany An-
Hcrnrana (Honcx nomomn).
5. Onn nepensann copnnx Mycnnma npenapnrentno
ncxnmunn ns nero xanct, nonecrnymmne o oxecrnenntx ar-
pnyrax.
6. Onn n 1409r. (1988r.) n +p-Pnxe (ns-no ap an-
xya) nepensann xnnry An-Asxap, npnnanexamym nepy
nmama an-Hanann, n ncxasnnn cnona anropa, a ro, uro ne cmornn
ncxasnrt, npocro yannnn. B uacrnocrn ns rnant o xaxe tno
yaneno nce, uro cnxsano c nocemennem mornnt Hpopoxa (c.r.c.)
7. Onn nsann xnnry An-Hana ]n ycyn a-nxna, npn-
nanexamym nepy Ay an-Xacana an-Amrapn, n yannnn ns nee
nce, uro npornnopeunr nx nsnpamenno axte. B uacrnocrn onn
yannnn ero cnona: Ho nosnecennem Annaxa na Tpon nmeercx
n nny ro, uro On cxasan, n ror cmtcn, xoropt On nnoxnn n +ro
cnono. 3ro nosnecenne neomymaemo, ne cnxsano c pacnonoxenn-
em, pasmemennem, nonnomennem n nepennxennem. He Tpon
epxnr Annaxa, a Annax epxnr Tpon n anrenon, noepxnna-
mmnx ero, Cnoe Foxecrnenno mnnocrtm. On ntme Tpona n
ntme ncero cymero, onaxo +ro ne cnxsano c ero nnsocrtm x
Tpony n x neecam. On ntme Tpona Cnoe crenentm, rax xe xax
ntme Cnoe crenentm, uem nce cymee. Ho necmorpx na +ro On
nnsox x xaxomy Cnoemy cosannm, a x uenonexy nnxe, uem
ero xpemnax nena. H On xnnxercx cnnerenem ncex cotrn.
Ie xe +rn npexpacnte cnona
499
?

499
Cm. y mexa Xacana ac-Caxxa]a.
207
8. 3yxap am-Bannm n Hactp an-Anann nocrynnnn
ouent nexoppexrno no ornomennm x nmamy ac-Cyxn. 3nax, uro
on xnnxercx xptm anrnmyxaccnmnrom, onn nnecnn ero cnona n
nsnpamennt xommenrapn raxannrcxo axtt, npnnanexa-
mn nepy Hn Ay an-Inssa. Onn nsxnn +ry nnrary ns xnnrn
Myrn an-nnram n, ncxasnn, nxnmunnn n ynomxnyrt xom-
menrapn n cneymmem nne: Bce +rn uertpe masxaa, sa nc-
xnmuennem nexoroptx myrasnnnron n myxaccnmnron, npnep-
xnnamrcx ono axtt. Onn nce npnepxnnamrcx ncrnnno
raxannrcxo axtt, npnnxro pannnmn n nosnnmn yuentmn.
Ha camom xe ene nmam ac-Cyxn n Myrn an-nnram, c. 62,
nnmer: Xana]nrt, ma]nrnrt, mannxnrt n ynaxaemte xana-
nnrt cneymr ono n ro xe axte axn ac-cynna na an-
xamara, nsnoxenno n yuennn Ay an-Xacana an-Amrapn.
Hnmt uacrt xana]nron n ma]nrnron npnnxna myrasnnnsm, a
uacrt xanannron myxaccnmnsm, uro xe xacaercx mannxnron,
ro onn nce es ncxnmuennx xnnxmrcx amrapnramn. Vnomxnyroe
amrapnrcxoe yuenne saxnmueno n axte Ay xar]apa ar-
Taxann, npnnxro n nspanno yuentmn ncex masxaon.
Cpannnre +rn ne nnrart, n rora nt nomere, xax sanrptnamr
ncenocana]nrt c mycyntmancxnm nacnenem
500
.
B-rpertnx, onn coxpamamr xnnrn nsnecrntx mycyntman-
cxnx anropon, aprymenrnpyx +ro rem, uro xenamr onerunrt nx
nx unrarenx. Ho npn +rom yanxmr onontno nnrepecnte n
naxnte resnct, a nnora n nente rnant. Taxono nx npearent-
crno n ornomennn nsnecrnemnx yuentx, a naxaxer nx Annax
no sacnyram. Bet Emy neomo ro, uro cxptro or nac
501
.
B-uerneprtx, onn nsamr xnnrn nsnecrntx yuentx,
npenapnrentno yannn ns nnx xommenrapnn. B uacrnocrn onn
nsann xnnry An-Acma na ac-ct]ar an-Faxaxn, no nepe ns-
annem yannnn ns nee xnnry uypxan an-Kypan mexa an-
Iasamn n nneenne or an-Kaycapn. Kpome roro, onn ne yxasann,

500
Cm. y mexa Xacana ac-Caxxa]a n Ar-Tann nman raaa ar-ranxn,
c. 26 27, y nac, ecrecrnenno, npnnonrcx c coxpamennem.
501
nx onee nonnoro ocneomnennx cm.: Myxamma an-Kacnpn. Ac-
Cana]nx ana axn ac-cynna na an-nmamnx. C. 488 508.
208
uro noxcnennx x rexcry an-Faxaxn npnnanexar nepy an-
Kaycapn, a n cneymmem nsannn noome yannnn nce npnmeua-
nnx an-Kaycapn.
B-nxrtx, nsanne ononmenntx xnnr. B uacrnocrn onn
nanncann xnnry an-Acma na ac-ct]ar n npnnncann ee Hn
Temnn, xorx on nnxora n xnsnn nnuero noonoro ne nncan.
Knnra c raxnm nasnannem npnnanexnr nepy nmama an-Faxaxn,
a naxxanrt nsann cnom rontxo nx roro, urot nnecrn my-
cyntman n sanyxenne. pyrax xnnra, npnnncannax Hn Te-
mnn, nastnaercx axanx ar-ra]cnp. Oe +rn xnnrn coepxar
nnmt nexoropte ns ero ]ern.
B-mecrtx, reppop npornn yuentx. Onn ntxpann mexa
Hactpa ac-Carna ns Hnnana. Pasnepnynn rpannm mexa-
xanconea Iaynnt an-Xaamn, onnnnn ero n rom, uro on co-
san nont xaamnrcxn masxa, xorx na camom ene +ror yue-
nt npnepxnnaercx amrapnrcxnx yexenn. Pasnepnynn
rpannm mexa an-Maxxn Myxammaa an-Iynnn an-Mannxn. Bce
+ro enaercx nx roro, urot ne ncnntna ncrnna.
B-cetmtx, onn pasnepnynn rpannm neyrontx nsa-
rentcrn. B uacrnocrn ono ns nx xeprn tno nsarentcrno
ap an-nmam an-Hanann n Hopannn, xoropoe n xoneunom nro-
re onn nounnnnn cee. 3auacrym nt moxere ynnert, uro mno-
rne ns nx xnnr ntxoxr es ynomnnannx nasnannx nsarentcrna.
B-noctmtx, xpaxa n ynnuroxenne pyxonnce. B uacrnoc-
rn onn nepensann xnnry xa]nsa as-3axan Cnxp arnxm an-
nyanx, a nanart rpern rom, coepxamn xpnrnxy n apec
mexa Hn Temnn, ne tn nsan! Ionopxr, uro on tn yrepxn.
Kya xe morna ertcx +ra xyntrypno-ncropnuecxax nennocrt?
Her comnennx n rom, uro xamannrt nocrapannct nx roro, urot
cxptrt ee or rnas mycyntman. Heanno n onom ns nopancxnx
ynnnepcnreron tn noman cryenr-xamannr, xoropt ocranan-
cx n nnnorexe na nout n xpomcan na uacrn xnnrn, ne coorner-
crnymmne nx yexennxm. Hecmorpx na ro uro onn ntramrcx
cxptrt ncrnny, nm ne yacrcx cxptrt cner oxecrnenno penn-
rnn.
209
B-enxrtx, onn ncnontsymr xannrant nx pexnamt cno-
nx nsnpamenntx yexenn n noannennx ncex ocrantntx npo-
xnnenn uncro mycyntmancxo mtcnn.
a, xamannrt npnxnatnamr nce ycnnnn nx roro, urot
nsnparnrt mycyntmancxym mtcnt, onn npnnnctnamr mycynt-
mancxnm yuentm cnona, xoropte re ne ronopnnn. Pexnamnpymr
cnonx yuentx, urot nosnecrn nx na yponent mycyntmancxnx
cnernn nayxn. Pasne onn ocrnrnn ycnexa? Annax n Kopane cxa-
san: Hgb lsZlky k\hbfb mklZfb ih]Zkblv k\_l :eeZoZ. Gh
:eeZo `_eZ_l aZ\_jrblv K\hc k\_l, dZd [u g_gZ\bklgh wlh
gb [ueh g_\_jguf (9:32). Hecmorpx na +ro nam cneyer noo-
rn x +ro nponeme ceptesno, nonxrt ee na cement n rocy-
apcrnennt yponent. Axrnnno nsanart nponsneennx mycynt-
mancxnx xnaccnxon, urot naxxanrt ne ycnenn n ne cmornn nx
ncxasnrt.
G_gZ\bklv B[g L_cfbb d qe_gZf Ijhjhq_kdh]h
^hfZ
Hn Temnx tn pennocrntm noxnonnnxom Omexon.
Ho+romy on ntcrynan n nx samnry n onnnxn nx npornnnnxon, a
nmenno Iann nn Ay Tanna (p.A.r.) On onnnnn ero no na-
narn cemn nynxram, yrnepxax, uro on napymnn nonoxennx Ko-
pana, a enncrnenntm ero crpemnennem tno crpemnenne x nna-
crn. B cnoe xnnre An-Mnnxax
502
on nncan: Ham ne cneo-
nano npncxrart Iann, xoropt tn anex or nonxrnx cnpanenn-
nocrn. Mycyntmancxne yuente cornacnt c rem, uro nont, xo-
ropte nen Iann, ne tnn oxsarentntmn n rem onee paspemen-
ntmn; n anee: Her onee yxacnoro exnnx, uem nponnrne
xponn rtcxu nennnntx mycyntman. B yncrne +rnx nme ne
tno nnxaxo nn pennrnosno, nn mnpcxo nontst. 3ro
rontxo cnococrnonano pocry sna n mnpe. 3rnmn cnonamn Hn
Temnx ntcrynaer n samnry npornnnnxon Iann n Bame, na ca-
mom xe ene Iann nocrynan cornacno axry: Lh kjZ`Zcl_kv
ijhlb\ lhc, dhlhjZy g_kijZ\_^eb\Z (49:9). Ho nx Hn Te-

502
Hn Temnx. Mnnxax ac-cynna an-naannx. 2/203 204 n 3/156.
210
mnn +ro ne ono, on onnnxer Iann n amnnnxx, n xenannn ce-
xrt reppop: .raxnm opasom nocrynan uapaon, .ne yer
cuacrnnn n Cynt ent ror, xro ceer reppop
503
.
Hn Temnx nx noepxxn n nponarant Omexon, no-
rynnmnx npanent xann]ar n npenparnnmnx ero n monapxnm,
ne rnymaercx nnuem, on axe roron oxnnrt cnatmn xanct,
nmemmne crenent ocronepnocrn myranarnp.
Bor uro on nnmer no nonoy xanca o Iammape: Tex
yter rpynna ynrape: Ho nonoy xanca o Iammape x xouy
cxasart +rnm nmxm, uro nexoropte namnn n nem neocrar-
xn
504
; n anee: A nexoropte xapaxrepnsonann ero xax cna-
t
505
.
H, xax ncera, Hn Temnx
506
omnaercx. annt xanc
nmeer crenent ocronepnocrn myranarnp, noromy uro tn nepe-
an nanartm uertptmx cnonnxnnxamn Hpopoxa (c.r.c.). O
rom, uro on xnnxercx myranarnp, yxastnamr: xa]ns ac-Cymrt n
An-Xacanc an-xypa (2/140), xa]ns Mypraa as-3yen n
Haxr an-ann (222 223), an-Manann n Bapx an-xamnr ac-
carnp (ua an-xanp, 6/366). Hn Iaynapp no +romy nono-
y n An-Hcrnra, xommenrapnn x An-Hcaa, 2/481, nnmer:
Hyrem myranarnp or Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) tn nepean xanc:
Iammap, rex yter rpynna ynrape. 3ror xanc cunraercx
onnm ns camtx ocronepntx. B nem Hpopox (c.r.c.) coomaer
nam o cotrnxx yymero (an-ra). Hn Xaxap n uarx an-
apn (1/543) npnnonr nmena caxaon, nepeanmnx +ror xanc,
a sarem yxastnaer: .B +rom xance nam nepeano ocooe, npo-
pouecxoe snanne, on xnno cnnerentcrnyer n nontsy crenenn Ia-
nn n Iammapa, n xpnrnxyer nx npornnnnxon.
507


503
Tam xe. 2/202 205, 232 234.
504
Tam xe. 2/204.
505
Tam xe. 2/208.
506
Ho nonoy mnornx nonpocon on saxnnxer o cymecrnonannn nxmara, xorx
na camom ene raxonoro ner. Cm. pasen o Hn Temnn n nauane xnnrn.
507
H nocne +roro xamannrt ocmennnamrcx yrnepxart, uro Hn Temnx ne
xnnxercx ]anarnxom.
211
Onnnxx nmama Iann, Hn Temnx n An-Mnnxax.
(2/219) nnmer: Myannx nsnauantno tn npornn nont, on
crpemnncx x mnpy, a ero npornnnnx xaxan noenart. anee on
onontno sanyranntm cnocoom noxastnaer, uro Iann npean
ncm mycyntmancxym ymmy (an-Mnnxax., 3/236 237):
Mt ne moxem orpnnart ror ]axr, uro Iann nasnauan cnonx
pocrnennnxon na pasnnunte ornercrnennte nocrt, noenan npo-
rnn mycyntman n ynnan axe rex, xro conepman monnrnt, nt-
nnaunnan saxxr n nocrnncx. Kora xe emy npnmnoct samnmart
cnonnxnnxon ns uncna xnrene an-Haxapanana, on nanncan:
Onaxo, cpen nnx tnn nmn, xoropte cpaxannct n n xauecr-
ne oxasarentcrna cnoe npanort nmenn cnxmennte rexcrt n
nxmar.
Hn Temnx ncnontsyer nce nosmoxnocrn, urot ynn-
snrt Iann: Cpen uertpex nsnecrntx nmamon ner nn onoro,
xro cctnancx t na Iann n nonpocax ]nxxa. Mannx yunncx y me-
nnnen, xoropte ne onnpannct na mnennx Iann. Ay Xann]a,
am-Ba]nrn n Axma opamannct x pnnaxram Hn Iaaca, xo-
ropt tn nesanncnmtm myxraxnom n axe ne npncnymn-
nancx x Iann
508
. Taxym crenent n rnasax Hn Temnn sannmaer
Iann, cnonnxnnx, x nacnenm xoroporo opamannct nce uert-
pe nmama
509
.
Fonee roro, Hn Temnx conepmnn eme onee nont
nocrynox, on onnnnn out Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) uartmy n rom, uro
ona tna cxnonna x nnnemepnm, o xoropom Annax n Kopane cxa-
san: Kj_^b fmgZnbdh\ _klv lZdb_, dlh aehkeh\bl h l_[_ ba-aZ
fbehklugb. ?keb bf i_j_iZ^_l qlh-eb[h ba fbehklugb, lh
hgb jZ^u, Z _keb `_ g_ i_j_iZ^_l, lh hgb k_j^ylky (9:58).
Bor, uro on nnmer: H ona nocrynnna rouno rax xe, xora Ay

508
Mnnxax ac-cynna... 4/142 143.
509
Fonee roro, mex xancone Iaynna nn ac-Catx an-Iamapn n Ac-
Cyx ac-ca]np, c. 54 nnmer: Hexoropte nastnamr ero mexynncnamom. Ha
camom xe ene on tn nactnrom, nparom Iann. On onnnnn uartmy n rom,
uro ona tna cxnonna x nnnemepnm. Bor raxon on, +ror mexynncnam.
212
Faxp orxasancx ntennrt e onm ns nacnecrna Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.)
510
.
o raxo nonocrn eme nnxro ne onycxancx, axe nyen,
saxnxrte nparn ymmt, ne ronopnnn noonoe o Iann. Tontxo
Hn Temnx cxasan, uro Iann crpemnncx x nnacrn, rontxo on
cxasan, uro Iann anex or cnpanennnocrn, rontxo on nasnan ero
ynrapem n, ynoonn ero uapaony, saxnnn, uro Iann ne sacny-
xnnaer Pax. Pasne mor Iann trt raxnm, xaxnm ero onnctnaer
Hn Temnx? Bet on tn uerneprtm npanentm xann]om, no
snamenamn xoroporo cpaxannct cnonnxnnxn Hpopoxa (c.r.c.)
Hosnnnx Hn Temnn ornocnrentno Iann npnnonr ero x
npornnopeunm. On onnnxer n rnpannn Iann, no ne onnnxer
anxoronnxa sna, ynnmero nnyxa Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) an-Xycena.
Onpantnax ero nocrynox, on nnmer: sn ne onee rpemen,
uem nyen. Onn ynnann cnonx npopoxon, no+romy yncrno an-
Xycena ne moxer trt onee rpexonntm nocryxom
511
. Hn
Temnx ne nnnr nnuero crpamnoro n rom, uro Myannx orpannn
an-Xacana, a sn ynn an-Xycena. Cctnaxct na nyeen, on ro-
nopnr, uro onn conepmann eme onee yxacnte nocrynxn, a An-
nax nnmt pasrnenancx na nnx, ynnsnn n npoxnxn: B hgb ih^\_j-
]ebkv mgb`_gbx, [_^ghklb b ]g_\m :eeZoZ aZ lh, qlh hgb hijh-
\_j]Zeb agZf_gby :eeZoZ b m[b\Zeb [_a \kydhc ijbqbgu ijhjh-
dh\ aZ lh, qlh hkemrZebkv :eeZoZ b ij_klmibeb (2:61).
Hn Temnx cunran, uro an-Xycen nn Iann, rocnonn
monoexn Pax, ntcrynnn npornn sna, omncx. B An-
Mnnxax. on no +romy nonoy nnmer: 3ro nenepno. Or ero
nocrynxa ontme sna, uem opa. Bce, xro ntcrynaer npornn
npannrenx, naenennoro nnacrtm, crpemxrcx x sny, a ne x o-
py
512
.

510
Hn Temnx Mnnxax ac-cynna... 2/169. Taxxe cm. y xa]nsa Axmaa
an-Iamapn. Iann nn Ay Tann nmam an-rapn]nn. C. 53-57. Bex an-
Iamapn ynomnnaer cnona Hn Temnn o rom, uro y Iann norynnnnct norrn or
cnntno npaxt n ornomennn xen npopoxa (c.r.c.)
511
Mnnxax ac-cynna.. 2/247.
512
Tam xe. 2/241.
213
Bosnnxaer nonpoc: nouemy xe Hn Temnx n naxxanrt
rax ornocxrcx x unenam npopouecxoro oma? ymam, uro nan-
onee nepntm ornerom yyr cnona npo]eccopa an-Iaxxaa:
Hpnsnanne npanort an-Xycena anromarnuecxn yxastnaer na
rnpannm sna. H ncera namnoro nerue onnnnrt ymemero
npannrenx, uem nacroxmero
513
.
Kax nnnre, Hn Temnx ouent cnntno sanyxaercx, no
necmorpx na +ro conpemennte ncenocana]nrt npenosnocxr ero
ntme, uem npenosnocxr caxaon Hpopoxa (c.r.c.). uro xe onn
cxaxyr no nonoy cnnerentcrn Hn Farryrt o Hn Temnn?
Moxer trt, on nran? Hnn omncx? A, moxer trt mnenne Hn
Temnn xnnxercx nesnaunrentntm, npocrnrentntm npocryn-
xom? Kax cnntno sanyxamrcx naxxanrt
514
.
H n xonne xouercx nanomnnrt, uro naxxanrt sanpemamr
ronopnrt xappama Annaxy naxxaxy (a nournr Annax ero
nnx) nocne ynomnnannx Iann (p.A.r.). Onn nastnamr +ro nra.
Bet ne on enncrnennt, xro nnxora ne noxnonxncx nonam,
naxxanrt roxe nm ne noxnonxnnct.
<ZooZ[blu kqblZxl, qlh kmggblu aZ[em^rb_ ex^b
Kora nt cntmnre cnona naxxanron o cana]ax, nam
npecrannxmrcx cnonnxnnxn Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), no, x coxane-
nnm, onn no +rnm repmnnom nmemr n nny Hn Temnm n ero
nocneonarene. Cex onn nmenymr cynnnramn, a ncex ocrant-
ntx: xana]nron, ma]nrnron, mannxnron n xanannron ne yo-
crannamr raxo uecrn. Hnxe mt xornm npnnecrn ntcxastnannx
nexoroptx nsnecrntx naxxanron-xamannron. H naunem c Ia-
ynnt nn Iapaxmana Ay Fartna (ym. 1282r. (1865r.)): Ec-
nn nam craner +ro nsnecrno, ro nt nomere omnxy rex, xro or-
nocnr amapnron x cynnnram, xax cxasano y ac-Ca]apnnn. Moxer
trt, on nxnmunn nx n uncno cynnnron no npnunne mnorounc-
nennocrn
515
. 3ro nsnecrno onomy Annaxy, no nexoropte nos-

513
Iaac Maxmy an-Iaxxa. Ay am-myxaa. 106.
514
A snaere, nouemy onn ntcrynamr npornn nocemennx mornnt npopoxa
(c.r.c.)? Orner ouent npocr, Hn Temnx tn npornn +roro.
515
Kaxo naoxnt!
214
nne xanannrt roxe npncoennnnnct x nnm
516
. Kax nnnre,
+ror uenonex yexen, uro amapnrt ne xnnxmrcx cynnnramn.
Xnnmn concem neanno yuent, Hn Fas nnmer: Ecrt
nnt axtt, xoropte oxastnamr narynoe nnnxnne na nepnym
cynnnrcxym axty. K +rnm nnam moxno ornecrn neponannx
xaxmnron n myrasnnnron, orpnnammne conepmennte oxecr-
nennte nmena n arpnyrt. K nnm xe ornocxrcx n amapnrt
517
,
orpnnammne onn n npnannxmmne pyrne arpnyrt. uro xe
xacaercx nacroxmnx cynnnron, ro onn npnsnamr n nornepxa-
mr nce ro, uro Annax coomnn o cee
518
. Bt, nanepnoe, samern-
nn, uro Hn Fas ne ornocnr amapnron x cynnnram, a ornocnr x
nnm rontxo nocneonarene Hn Temnn
519
. Hponema c amapn-
ramn saxnmuaercx nnmt n rom, uro, no cnonam Hn Fasa, amapn-
rt orpnnamr n ornepramr nexoropte oxecrnennte arpnyrt,
na camom xe ene onn nnmt onnctnamr Annaxa xauecrnamn, co-
ornercrnymmnmn Ero oxecrnenno cymnocrn, n, cctnaxct na
axr: Her nnuero noonoro Emy, - orpnnamr nce anrponomop-
]ncrcxne rpaxronxn. Cnono pyxa n axre JmdZ :eeZo gZ^ bo

516
Maxmyrar ap-pacann na an-macann An-naxnx. Hnctma n ]ernt me-
xa Iaynnt nn Iapaxmana Ay Fartna. C. 179. 3rn cnona npnnoxrcx
nocne npoonxnrentnoro ncrynnennx, re on xpnrnxyer amapnrcxne nen.
Ocoenno nm ne nonpannnact nex o rom, uro nepymmne ne ynnxr Annaxa
noounm, amapnrt rpaxrymr coornercrnymmn axr n ronopxr o rom, uro An-
nax apyer +rnm nmxm snanne.
517
3ro xnnt ntno, n xouercx ormernrt, uro peut ner o marypnnrax roxe,
nocxontxy nx yuenne nourn nnuem ne ornnuaercx or amapnrcxoro, nexoropte
yuente axe ntcxastnamr mnenne o rom, uro pasnnune mexy amapnramn n
marypnnramn cnonrcx nnmt x repmnnonornn. Myxamma Ao, xommenrn-
pyx An-Iaxan an-raanx, nnmer: He crpanno, uro naxxanrt ne cunramr
marypnnron mycyntmanamn. eno n rom, uro onn, cneyx npnmepy Ay Xa-
nn]t, yrnepxamr, uro uenonex onxen nosnart Annaxa cnonm pasymom. uro
xe xacaercx amapnron, ro onn n +rom nonpoce oramr npenourenne cnxmen-
ntm rexcram.
518
Hn Fas. an-Axta ac-caxnxa na ma mayxa. ns-no Hn Temnx. -
C. 20.
519
V mexa mnoro ntcxastnann, re on orenxer amapnron or cynnnron, x, x
coxanennm, ne cmor nonyunrt neoxonmym xnnry, no n +rom ner nnuero
crpamnoro, nnxe mt npnneem ntcxastnannx mexa Iycemnna.
215
jmdZfb amapnrt rpaxrymr xax oxecrnennoe morymecrno, no-
cxontxy nannune ]nsnuecxo pyxn ne coornercrnyer Annaxy nn
c rouxn spennx Ero oxecrnenno cymnocrn, nn c rouxn spennx
nexcnxonornn. Eme n onom ns axron cxasano: Hg ihieue ih^
GZrbf ijbkfhljhf
520
(54:14), - nmeercx n nny, uro xopant
Hyxa (r.c.) nntn no npncmorpom Annaxa, n n nem ne ner peun
o nannunn y Hero ]nsnuecxoro rnasa. Bor rax Hn Fas ornocnr-
cx x mycyntmanam n nenom, n x cynnnram n uacrnocrn, n uncno
nocnennx on ornocnr rontxo rex, c utnm mnennem ero nen
connaamr.
He ymare, uro Hn Fas onnox n cnonx yexennxx,
anee mt xornm npnnecrn ntcxastnannx pyroro, onee rep-
nnmoro cana]nrcxoro nnepa mexa Myxammaa nn Cannxa
an-Iycemnna
521
: Ha +ror nonpoc mt ornernm rem, uro cynnnrt
pasenxmrcx na ne mxont: nepnax mxont Hn Temnn, ee
nocneonarenn oramr npenourenne yxnantnomy rpaxronannm
cnxmenntx rexcron, nropax amapnrt
522
n marypnnrt
523
, ee
nocneonarenn oramr npenourenne nepenocnomy n anneropn-
uecxomy rpaxronannm oxecrnenntx nmen n arpnyron. Mt
cunraem, uro mexy +rnmn nymx mxonamn ecrt orpomnoe pas-
nnune n npnnnnnnantnom noxoe x nonpocy oxecrnenntx
nmen n arpnyron. Hepnax mxona cunraer neoxonmtm coxpa-
nenne yxnantnoro cmtcna cnxmenntx rexcron, nonecrnymmnx
o oxecrnenntx nmenax n arpnyrax, n orpnnanne nmoro o-
ronoonx n roxecrnennocrn
524
. Bropax mxona crponrcx na

520
B apacxom napnanre ynorpeneno cnono armn, ono ns snauenn xoro-
poro rnasa. n.n.
521
Hs copnnxa Maxmyrar ]arana na pacann ]atnxr am-mex Myxamma
nn Cannx an-Iycemnn. T. 3. C. 18 n nocneymmne. 3rn ]ernt copant
uaxom nn Hactpom ac-Cynemanom n nsant nnepnte n 1412r. (1991r.)
ns-no an-Baran, +p-Pnx c nnuno nonnctm an-Iycemnna.
522
Onpeenenne tno ano ntme.
523
Marypnnrt nocneonarenn Ay Mancypa ac-Camapxann an-Marypnn
(ym. 944r.), conpemennnxa an-Amrapn. Ftn onnm ns yuentx-myraxannnmon,
n cnyuae pasnornacn xana]nrt oramr npenourenne ero nexm.
524
Bex npecrannxer coo xnaccnuecxn npnmep myxaccnmnra. Ha C. 41
+ro xe xnnrn na nonpoc o nannunn y Annaxa rnas on orneuaer: a, y Bce-
216
npnnnnne nepenocno rpaxronxn oxecrnenntx nmen n arpny-
ron. Kax nnnre, +ro ne concem pasnnunte mxont. anee on
npnnonr npnmep roro, xax amapnrt n marypnnrt rpaxrymr
axr romy, uro cosan Cnonmn pyxamn n xax ero nonnmamr
nocneonarenn Hn Temnn, nocne uero nnmer: Hs nsnoxenno-
ro ntme cranonnrcx xcno, uro repmnn cynnnrt onee noxo-
nr nepno mxone
525
, nexenn nropo. Ecnn mt oe mxont orne-
cem x cynnnram, ro +ro yer necnpanennno, a mapnar ntcryna-
er npornn necnpanennnocrn. C pyro cropont, pasym raxxe
npornnnrcx romy, urot oennnrt ne npornnononoxnocrn
no onnm n rem xe nasnannem
526
. H, naxonen, on enaer nt-
no: Fecnpncrpacrnt n nayunt nsrnx nosnonxer cenart
ntno o rom, uro nepnax mxona, npnepxnnammaxcx npnnnnnon
yxnantnoro rpaxronannx, nmeer ontme npan nastnartcx cyn-
nnramn, nexenn nropax, ncnontsymmax nepenocnym rpaxron-
xy
527
.
Ho nceocana]nrt samnn eme antme, renept onn rpe-
ymr, urot cynnnrt orxasannct or +roro nasnannx (axn ac-
cynna na an-xamara). Ecnn onn xenamr orpeutcx or nac, ro
nycrt npnymamr cee nonoe nmx, nanpnmep cana]nrt
528
. O
+rom ronopnrcx n nx xnnre Pyx naxnrnx (c. 21). Ha +ry xnnry
mex Xann nn Xamn an-Aam an-Iacxanxnn nanncan onpo-
nepxenne Ap-Pyy ac-cana]nx ranx yrar ac-cana]nx (Or-

ntmnero Annaxa ecrt na rnasa; pasne +ro camo no cee ne xnnxercx ynoo-
nennem n oroxecrnnennem, net Annax n Kopane cxasan: Her nnuero no-
onoro Emy?
525
T.e. nocneonarenxm Hn Temnn.
526
Cmemno, uro naxxanrt cctnamrcx na pasym, net camn onn oxannamr
xaxoro, xro npnnonr nm nornuecxne oxasarentcrna. Cam no cee nanpa-
mnnaercx ntno o rom, uro onot pasyma onn ncnontsymr rontxo n cnonx
xoptcrntx nenxx.
527
Maxmyr ]arana na pacann ]atnxr am-mex Myxamma nn Cannx an-
Iycemnn. T. 3. C.1.
528
Kax yxastnaer oxrop Mycra]a am-Baxara n cnoe xnnre Hcnam nnx
masaxn, c. 489 491, nepntmn, xro nasnan cex cynnnramn, tnn amapnrt,
nmenno no+romy naxxanrt c nnmn n opmrcx, onn ne xenamr, urot amapn-
rt tnn crenentm ntme, uem onn.
217
ner cana]nron nceocana]nram
529
). Pasne moxer trt ontmn
]anarnsm, uem ror, uro y naxxanron? Kax nsnecrno, Hn Te-
mnx tn anex or nexa caxaon, pasne moxno ero nasnart cana-
]nrom? 3rn ]anarnxn rpeymr, urot mycyntmane orxasannct
or cnonx masxaon n npnnnmann rontxo nx nen, no neyxenn y
mycyntman ne moxer trt cnoero mnennx?
3nare, uro ornomenne x cynnnsmy onpeenxercx ne or-
nomennem x xaxomy-nno masxay, a npanentmn exnnxmn, co-
ornercrnymmnmn nyrn Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), n nenaxno, xaxo mxo-
nt nt npnepxnnaerect.
<jZs_gb_ a_feb m^Zj ih \ZooZ[blkdhc Zdu^_
Xouercx ormernrt, uro naxxanrt nepexnnamr nnrennex-
ryantnt xpnsnc, eno n rom, uro nx yexennx npornnopeuar
conpemenntm, nornepxenntm npaxrnxo nayuntm anntm.
Hnn, pyrnmn cnonamn, +rn nayunte annte nanocxr cmeprent-
nt yap no nx axte. B cnxsn c +rnm onn npaxrnuecxn oxnn-
nn nony conpemenno nayxe. Ecnn t nce tno t n nx nnacrn,
ro onn noome sanpernnn t npenoananne conpemenntx cner-
cxnx nayx n cnonx crpanax. Hanpnmep, onn ns nnx, Iaynxa-
pnm nn Cannx an-Xamn n cnoe xnnre Xnaxr an-xapan ]n
macana a-aypan ntcrynaer n samnry reopnn o reonenrpnue-
cxom
530
crpoennn ncenenno. 3ra xnnra nsana n ouent oporom
nepennere, no npoaercx no cmemno nene ncero 5 peanon
531
.
Conpemennt nsrnx na crpoenne ncenenno napymaer naxxa-
nrcxym axty, nocxontxy n ne ne ocraercx mecra Fory, cnx-
memy na rpone n nee, a npocrnr menx Annax. 3rn nmn onn-
nnnn n sanyxennn axe mexa as-3nnann, xax yro on

529
T. 1, pasen nropo Fana ac-cana]nx na axn ac-cynna C. 25, nsana n
1413r. (1992r.). Hs-sa oxsnn nepe reppopncrnuecxnm axrom xosxena nsa-
rentcrna ne yxasann ero nasnannx.
530
Cornacno +ro ycrapenme reopnn, nenrpom Bcenenno xnnxercx 3emnx.
n.n.
531
Baxxanrcxne rnnorpa]nn xnnyr na orannn, pannte mnnnnapy onna-
pon, ntenxemtx exerono na pacnpocrpanenne naxxansma. Cm. Pnxx ac-
camym, ac-Carynx na yant an-xasnpa ara xap an-xannx 1991
1994. - ns. 3. C. 161.
218
enncrnennt
532
, xro nepnr, uro semnx npamaercx noxpyr conn-
na. anee mt xornm npnnecrn nexoropte nnrart ns ynomxnyro
xnnrn.
Ha c. 10 on nnmer: B name npemx na ronont mycyntman
ntnana nonax ea. Conpemennte snannx, naroapx nparam-
esoxnnxam, nauann nponnxart n Hcnam n cmemnnartcx c pe-
nnrnosntmn snannxmn. 3rn conpemennte snannx moxno pase-
nnrt na na nna
533
: nepntm nnom xnnxmrcx ecnonesnte sna-
nnx, xoropte nnnnamrcx n mapnar n ocnanxmr ero. Bexynnc-
nam Hn Temnx no +romy nonoy cxasan: Ecnn ecnonesnte
snannx, cmemnnaxct c nonesntmn, ocnanxmr nropte, ro crano-
nxrcx sanperntmn
534
. Bropo nn npente snannx, paspyma-
mmne axty, x nnm ornocxrcx, nanpnmep, snannx o npamennn
3emnn noxpyr Connna n pyrne snannx esoxnnxon.
anee on npnnonr pasen Teopnx o npamennn semnn
neer x arensmy, c. 13, re paccxastnaer o rom, xax +ra reopnx
paspymaer nx axty.
Hocne +roro na c. 25 on nanaaer na reonornm n nnmer:
3rn yuente sanynnnct n nnenn n sanyxenne pyrnx.
3arem on, c. 26, ntcrynaer c onnnennxmn n apec mexa
as-3nnann: As-3nnann ornocnrcx x rem yuentm, xoropte
nnann n sanyxenne n ntramrcx oennnrt mnpcxne n penn-
rnosnte nayxn, onaxo nm +ro ne yanoct. Hocne +roro on
npnnonr ntcxastnanne Hn an-Kanma, n cosaercx nneuarne-
nne, uro nnxro ne nmeer npana orneprart cnona +roro anropnre-
ra.

532
Baxxanrt onnnxmr n sanyxennn ncex conpemenntx n pannnx my-
cyntmancxnx mtcnnrene. B uncno sanymnx n naxxanrcxom cnncxe nxoxr
n Hn Cnna (Annnenna) n Hn Pym (Aneppo+c). a n n nenom, naxxansm
ouent cnntno nanomnnaer xpncrnancxym nepxont n nnxnnsnnnm, onnnnn-
mym n epecn Iannnex.
533
Hpomy ne cynrt crporo anropa +ro xnnrn sa crnnncrnuecxym cnaocrt n
rpammarnuecxne omnxn, net on naxxanr.
534
Kax noxoxn nx cnona na peun pannnx npecrannrene xpncrnancxo nepx-
nn n, samertre, nx onoamn xnnxmrcx ne Kopan n ne cynna, a ntcxastnannx
onoro ns ocnonononoxnnxon.
219
3arem on na c. 32 saxnnxer: Hpnsnanne npamennx semnn
eme onee yxacno, uem npnsnanne nponcxoxennx uenonexa ns
oestxnt. V menx axe ner xommenrapnen.
Ha c. 33 npnnonrcx nnrepecnt sarononox Tpaxronxa
cnxmenntx rexcron n nontsy npamennx semnn xnnxercx noxno
rpaxronxo. Ho nouemy-ro on ne npnnonr nn ennoro axra n
nn ennoro xanca n oxasarentcrno cnoe nosnnnn. Ero camtm
necomtm aprymenrom cnyxar cnona: Bexynncnam cxa-
san.
anee na c. 36 no sarononxom K uemy neer reopnx o
npamennn semnn on nnmer: Crpamna ne cama reopnx, a ror
arensm, x xoropomy ona nac nocrenenno nononr, net, cornac-
no +ro reopnn, noxpyr 3emnn co ncex cropon cymecrnyer ec-
xpann xocmoc.
Vnaxaemt unrarent, nt cnonmn rnasamn ynnenn, xax
+rn nmn npnsnann necocroxrentnocrt cnonx yexenn, net
npamenne 3emnn n ee oxpyrnax ]opma n namn nn axe ne rpe-
ymr oxasarentcrn.
Xouercx ormernrt, uro camt xpynnt naxxanrcxn
yuent mex Iaynrasns nn Iaynna nn Fas roxe npnep-
xnnaercx +roro mnennx, no nnmt c ro pasnnne, uro, no ero
mnennm, ror, xro nepnr no npamenne semnn, xnnxercx nepoor-
crynnnxom, sacnyxnnaer cmeprno xasnn, a ero nmymecrno
onxno trt nepeano n nontsy omemycyntmancxo xasnt
(ar an-man an-mycnnmnn). uro xe xacaercx mexa an-
Iycemnna, ro on pexomenyer yunrenxm reorpa]nn noome ne
ynomnnart reopnm o npamennn 3emnn na cnonx ypoxax
535
.
Ha c. 41 45 +ro xe xnnrn on ntcrynaer c onnnennxmn
n apec Cena Kyra, anropa xnnrn Marannm ranx ar-rapnx, n
mox pyxa axe orxastnaercx nnrnponart nce, uro on nanncan.
Fonee roro, ero nepy npnnanexnr orentnax xnnra Hnapar a-
ap Hnma ]n ra]cnp Kyr mnn acap an-rap
536
. Annax ncnt-

535
Maxmyr ]arana na pacann ]atnxr am-mex Myxamma nn Cannx an-
Iycemnn. T. 3. C. 153, ]erna N 428.
536
pyro xamannr, Iaynna nn Myxamma a-annm nanncan xnnry An-
Maypn as-sanxn ]n ar-rannx ranx axra as-stnxn, n xoropo on raxxe xpn-
220
rtnaer nac enpecxo oxxynanne Hepycannma n naxxanrcxo
oxxynanne nyx camtx ontmnx cnxrtnt.
Vnaxaemt unrarent, menx ouent neuanxr nanaxn +rnx
nme na nennxnx mycyntmancxnx yuentx, no eme onee menx
neuannr ror ]axr, uro +rn myxaccnmnrt ynnxamr Annaxa,
npecrannxx ero n opase rena, noonoro uenoneuecxomy. Ho x
ynepen, uro saxar nx nnacrn ouent nnsox, onn ncuesnyr pantme,
uem saxonunrcx ne]rt. Annax nennx n ero naxasanne neornparn-
mo.
KZlbjbq_kdZy \ZooZ[blkdZy fukev
He ynnnrentno, uro naxxanrt, opmmnecx c pasymom n
nornxo, crpaamr or neypannonemennocrn cnonx nsrnxon. Onn
cnxro nepxr n nenorpemnmocrt Hn Temnn n ero yuennxon n ne
onycxamr nosmoxnocrn nornuecxoro noxoa x ocmtcnennm
nx ne, axe n rom cnyuae, ecnn peut ner o rnennocrn Aa. Ho
+ro npnunne conpemennte naxxanrt nx samnrt cnonx yex-
enn ntnyxent nanaart na mycyntmancxnx yuentx. B uacr-
nocrn oxrop Cannx nn uaysan an-uaysan, npo]eccop n Hc-
namcxom Vnnnepcnrere nm. nmama Myxammaa nn Carya, nt-
crynnn c nanaxamn na npo]eccopa, oxropa Myxammaa Carna
Pamaana an-Fyrt, xoropt nsnecren no ncem ncnamcxom mnpe
cnonmn necxnmn onoamn, ntcxasanntmn npornn ne pasnnu-
ntx esoxnnxon.
Hepy oxropa an-Fyrt npnnanexnr xnnra Ac-Cana]nx
mapxana as-samannx myapaxa nx masxa ncnamn
537
, n +ro xnn-
re on paccxastnaer o rom, xax naxxanrt nspann cee nonoe
nmx cana]nrt, xora npexnee, naxxanrt, nm naoeno.
Kpome roro, n xnnre on ntcrynaer c samnro raxnx yuentx, xax
an-Kaycapn, an-Kamnpn n Myxamma an-Ianxnn an-Mannxn
538
, n

rnxyer Cena Kyra n nastnaer ero myranrom, xaxmnrom, amapnrom n
myrasnnnrom, cm.: c. 10 n 19.
537
Kpome nee on xnnxercx anropom nsnecrno xnnrn unxx ac-cnpa n a-
nanr an-macnaxa ]n am-mapnra an-ncnamnx.
538
3ro mannxnrcxn yuent, xnn n Mexxe, ero poocnonnax nocxonr x Hpo-
poxy (c.r.c.). On ntcrynan c ocyxennem pasnnuntx noxntx momenron nax-
221
nopono, ncnontsyx nayunte onot, oxastnaer sanyxenne
Hn Temnn. B orner na +ry xnnry oxrop an-uaysan nanncan
xnnxonxy Hasapar na rarxnar ranx ma ]n xnra ac-cana]nx nn
Myxamma Carn Pamaan. mnn an-xa]anar
539
. Onn ncera
nsamr noonte xnnxonxn, xora ntramrcx xort xax-nnyt
ornernrt cnonm onnonenram. B +ro xnnre anrop onnnnn mexa
an-Fyrt n rom, uro on ne snaxom c ncropne, c. 72, n ne ynaxaer
cnonx onnonenron, c. 73. uro xe xacaercx ero onoon, ro onn
onontno cnat, n mt n xauecrne npnmepa, urot noxasart ne-
cocroxrentnocrt naxxanrcxo mtcnn, xornm npnnecrn nexoro-
pte ns ero onoon.
C. 44: Ho nonoy an-Faxaxn xouercx cxasart, uro on
tn cxnonen x rannnm (rpaxronxe), no+romy mt ne moxem nona-
rartcx na nero n +rom pasene.
C. 45: Ho nonoy xa]nsa Hn Xaxapa an-Iacxanxnn
xouercx ormernrt, uro on tn nonepxen nnnxnnm amapnsma,
no+romy mt ne moxem npnnxrt ero cnona, - enaercx namex na
axty.
C. 47: uro xe xacaercx an-Xartn, ro on npnmenxn ra-
nnn x oxecrnenntm nmenam n arpnyram, n no+romy ne moxer
cnyxnrt onoom.
Bosnnxaer nonpoc: re xe sect nayunt noxo? Pasne
nacroxmn yuent es xaxnx-nno onoon craner orneprart
ntcxastnannx onnx yuentx n nontsy pyrnx? Ecnn onot an-
Faxaxn, an-Xaran, Hn Xaxapa, ne moryr trt npnemnemt-
mn, ro utn xe onot cneyer npnnxrt?
Orner naxxanron nam nsnecren, neocnopnmtmn anropn-
reramn, xoneuno xe, xnnxmrcx Hn Temnx n ero yuennx Hn
an-Kanm. Bce onot n nen onxnt partcx rontxo ns xnnr

xanrcxoro yuennx, sa +ro naxxanrcxne nnacrn npnnnexnn ero x cyeno
ornercrnennocrn, n on tn ynonen c paort. Ero onnnnnn n pacnpocrpane-
nnn manoro mnpxa n unencrne n ernnercxom cy]ncxom opene. Ho pemennm
cya N 86 or 11/11/1401 (9/10/1981r.) emy tno sanpemeno noxnart reppn-
ropnm KCA. Taxnm opasom naxxanrt nocrynamr co ncemn cnonmn onno-
nenramn.
539
Hs. 2-e, 1411r. (1991r.), ap an-naran, +p-Pnx.
222
xamannron, xax, nanpnmep, noopaxaemt copnnx xancon
Iaynnt nn Axmaa nn Xanana
540
. Kpome roro, an-uaysan
ntcrynaer n samnry nen o rnennocrn Aa
541
, cornacno ero yr-
nepxennxm, +ra nex ne xnnxercx nra, a nmeer ocnonanne n
Kopane n cynne. Annax cnxr, xaxax xnenera!
Cnaocrt n necocroxrentnocrt ne naxxansma, n nep-
nym ouepet, ntpaxaercx n rom, uro ontmnncrno nx xnnr na-
nncano na remy mnpxa, xoropt xxot npoxnnxercx uepes no-
xnonenne mornnam. Onn ne npnnecnn nnxaxo nontst nospox-
ennm mycyntmancxo ymmt. Hx nocroxnno exrentnocrtm
tnn nanaxn na mycyntmancxnx yuentx n mtcnnrene, n n ua-
crnocrn na Myxammaa Ao, Xacana an-Fanny, Cena Kyra,
Myxammaa an-Iasann n pyrnx. Kora mt ronopnm o orpann-
uennocrn naxxanrcxo mtcnn, ro nmeem n nny ne nmam-
xarton, a npexe ncero xpynntx yuentx, npo]eccopon ynn-
nepcnreron. pxnm npnmepom raxnx cnyxnr oxrop Iymap an-
Amxap, xoropt, necmorpx na ro uro npamaercx n nayuntx xpy-
rax, ne ocrannxer cnon naxxanrcxne yexennx n nsnaraer nx n
cnonx xnnrax, ne nmemmnx nnxaxo nayuno nennocrn.
DZd oZrZ\blu hlghkylky d mq_guf
V xamannron noome ner nonxrnx sonoro cepennt, ec-
nn onn xomy-nno cnmnarnsnpymr, ro nounramr, a ecnn xoro-
nno nosnenannxr, ro npaxymr. Crenent naxxanrcxoro ]ana-
rnsma npoxnnxercx n rom, uro onn npeant cnonm anropnreram
axe ontme, uem cnonnxnnxam Hpopoxa (c.r.c.). Hocnymare
nx peun, xora onn ynomnnamr Hn Temnm, Hn an-Kanma,
Hn Kacnpa n npounx, nam noxaxercx, uro onn ronopxr o npopo-
xax n nocnannnxax.
3ror npnem nsanna nsnecren xamannram, nanpnmep,
Iann nn an-Mannn n cnoe npemx nncan: Annax an noepx-
xy +ro pennrnn nymx nennxnmn nmtmn, Ay Faxpom ac-
Cttxom n nepno nepoorcrynnnuecrna n Axmaom nn Xan-

540
O neocronepnocrn +ro xnnrn tno cxasano ntme.
541
Cm. sarononox o Hn an-Kanme.
223
anom, xora roro ntrann (myrasnnnrt)
542
. Pasne moxno cpan-
nnnart Ay Faxpa, noenanmero npornn nepoorcrynnnxon, n Ax-
maa nn Xanana, orxasanmerocx npnsnart nem o cosannocrn
Kopana. Ho Hn an-Mannn saxonr eme antme, an-Mamynn
or nero nepeaer: Hnxro nocne cmeprn Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) ne ce-
nan nx Hcnama nnuero nennxoro, xpome Axmaa nn Xanana.
V nero cnpocnnn: A Ay Faxp, - on ornernn: H Ay Faxp,
net y nero tno mnoro nomomnnxon, a y Axmaa nn Xanana
nnxoro ne tno
543
. Fonee roro, +rn nmn axe roront npner-
nyrt xo nxn, Iann nn an-Mya]]ax, nsnecrnt xax an-Xacan an-
Ian nepeaer ntcxastnanne o rom, uro Axma nn Xanan co-
nepmnn xax mecrtecxr pas
544
. oxrop Mycra]a am-Baxra,
xommenrnpyx +ro ntcxastnanne, cxasan: Kax nsnecrno, cno
nepnt xax Axma nn Xanan conepmnn n 186r. (802r.), a
ymep n 241r. (856r.), axe ecnn t on conepman xax xaxt
ro, mt ne nonyunnn t ynomxnyrym nn]py
545
. K noxntm
moxno ornecrn n pnnaxrt or ap-Panxa nn Cynemana o rom,
uro on xxot cntman, xax am-Ba]nrn cxasan: Kro npornnope-
unr Axmay nn Xanany ror nenepnt
546
; ner comnennx n
rom, uro am-Ba]nrn raxoro ne ronopnn. Touno raxnm xe xnnx-
ercx pnnaxr: B ent cmeprn nmama Axmaa nn Xanana nnaxa-
nn n mycyntmane, n nyen, n xpncrnane, n axe xstunnxn, n
nanart rtcxu uenonex ns nx uncna npnnxno Hcnam
547
. As-
3axan axe ntnyxen tn xommenrnponart +ror pnnaxr cno-
namn: Ecnn t nanart rtcxu uenonex npnnxno t Hcnam, ro
xax mnnnmym ecxrt uenonex paccxasano t o +rom.
puamnm npnmepom xamannrcxoro ]anarnsma cnyxnr
ncropnx, nponsomemax c nmamom my]accnpon Hn xapnpom
ar-Taapn. Onn xpnrnxonann ero sa ro, uro on n xnnre Hxrnnx]
an-]yxaxa nasnan nmama Axmaa ]axnxom, a ne xanconeom.

542
Hn Ay rnx. Taaxar an-xanannx. 1/13.
543
Tam xe. 1/17.
544
Tam xe. 1/331.
545
oxrop Mycra]a am-Baxra. Hcnam nnnx masaxn. 467 468.
546
Tam xe. 1/13.
547
Tam xe. 1/18.
224
On nm ornernn: ne nnen or nero nn onoro pnnaxra, n ne
cntman nn o onom naexnom yuennxe rora onn napocn-
nnct na nero n axe saxnann ero om xamnxmn. Emy, urot
cnacrn cnom xnsnt, npnmnoct npnernyrt x nomomn nonnnnn n
nsnnnnrtcx nepe nnmn.
uro xe tno antme? Xamannrt npoonxann nenann-
ert nmama ar-Taapn axe nocne cmeprn. Onn ne ann ero po-
crnennnxam nponecrn nocnnxn c ero renom o xnanma, n onn
tnn ntnyxent noxoponnrt ero noutm no nope oma. As-
3axan axe no +romy nonoy cxasan: ne nnen uenonexa o-
nee opasonannoro, uem Myxamma nn xapnp, no, x coxane-
nnm, xanannrt ouent cnntno ynnxann ero
548
. Onn onnnnnn
ero n pa]nnsme
549
n npoonxann npenrt emy axe nocne cmep-
rn. Hn an-Acnp nnmer: B +rom roy ymep Myxamma nn
xapnp ar-Taapn, anrop ar-Tapnx, nanncanno n Farae.
Ero noxoponnnn noutm no nope oma, noromy uro ronna npo-
cronmnnon ne ana nosmoxnocrn ero pontm nponecrn noxo-
pont nem. Onn onnnxnn ero n pa]nnsme n esoxnn. Iann
nn Inca no +romy nonoy cxasan: 'Knxnyct Annaxom, ecnn t
nt cnpocnnn +rnx nme o pa]nnsme n esoxnn, ro onn ne
cmornn t nam ornernrt, nocxontxy ne snamr, uro +ro ra-
xoe
550
.
pyrnm xpxnm npnmepom xamannrcxoro ]anarnsma xnnx-
ercx Ay Faxp an-Xannan
551
. On oxneneran Ay an-Xacana Ax-

548
As-3axan. an-Inap. 2/146.
549
Cpannnre nocrynxn +rnx nme c ntcxastnannem ]axnxa Ay Xamna an-
Hc]apannn: nx roro, urot xynnrt ra]cnp Myxammaa nn xapnpa,
moxno axe cesnrt n Knra.
550
Myxnpynn an-Iannmn. an-Haxa an-axma ]n rapaxnm acxa Ax-
ma. 1/38.
551
3ror uenonex cunraercx onnm ns ocnonononoxnnxon xamannsma, on co-
npan pasnnunte ocronepnte n neocronepnte pnnaxrt o nmame Axmae n
ero nocneonarenxx n nsnoxnn nce +ro n xnnrax An-Innm, An-Innan n
Ac-Cynna, cm. n an-Ianactm mnn an-xanactm 4/252 253. On n ero no-
cneonarenn npnnnctnann nmamy Axmay pasnnunte necymecrnymmne nt-
cxastnannx, ocoenno n onacrn axtt, a raxxe npnnnctnann ntymannte
xanct Hpopoxy (c.r.c.). Hmenno no+romy n xanannrcxom ]nxxe ouent mno-
225
maa nn an-Xacana nn xynaa ar-Tnpmnsn
552
, xoropt cun-
rancx ontmnm snaroxom xancon
553
n tn nacrannnxom an-
Fyxapn n ar-Tnpmnsn. Ay Faxp an-Xannan o +rom nennxom ue-
nonexe nanncan cneymmee: Myxamma nn Rnyc an-Facpn
cxasan, uro +ror uenonex, nsnecrnt no nposnnmy ar-Tnpmnsn,
tn myranrom n esoxnnxom, on ornepr anrnxaxmncxne
pnnaxrt. B pyrom mecre on nnmer: 3ror ar-Tnpmnsn tn
xaxmnrom n ornepran crenent Hpopoxa c.r.c. A na c. 237 on
yxastnaer: Ay Iann Hcmann nn Hpaxnm an-Xamnmn paccxa-
stnan, uro +ror ar-Tnpmnsn tn myranrom n xaxmnrom. on
ornepr crenent Hpopoxa (c.r.c.). On nenepnt n nepoorcryn-
nnx.
Hsnecrno nn nam, ynaxaemt unrarent, o xaxo crenenn
Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) ner peut? 3naere nn nt, nouemy +ror uenonex
tn yocroen raxnx xapaxrepncrnx, xax: nenepnt, myranr,
nepoorcrynnnx, esoxnnx, xaxmnr n np.? Hpnunna tna n
rom, uro on ornepr xanc, n xoropom ronopnnoct o rom, uro xxo-
t Hpopox (c.r.c.) n Cynt ent yer cnert na Tpone pxom
c Annaxom. Boncrnny, Annax npentme +roro.
Bor raxnm opasom, naxxanrt-xamannrt ornocxrcx x
cnonm onnonenram, a cmnnocrnnnrcx Annax na ncemn yuent-
mn, xoropte noneprnnct nanaxam +rnx nme.
F_`^m ^\mfy fmnlbyfb
Btme mt yxe cxasann, uro xamannram cnocrnenno nos-
nennunnart cnonx yuentx n npnymtnart nx nnx concem neco-
ornercrnymmne rnrynt. Touno rax xe onn nocrynnnn c Hn Fa-
som, nocne ero cmeprn n Hnrepnere noxnnncx nont car no
nasnannem Bexynncnam Hn Fas. Ecnn t +rn nmn yxasa-

ro pasnnuntx comnnrentntx n npornnopeunntx ntcxastnann. Ay 3axpa no
+romy nonoy cxasan: Ho npnunne +roro noxnnxercx mnoxecrno comnenn o
npnnanexnocrn roro nnn nnoro ntcxastnannx nmamy Axmay, cm.: My-
xamma Ay 3axpa n xnnre Axma nn Xanan, c. 168 170.
552
Onn ns yuennxon nmama Axmaa, na nero cctnamrcx an-Fyxapn n ar-
Tnpmnsn, cm. o nem n Taxsn an-xaman, 1/35 36, no nomepom 24.
553
Hn Xysema ero nastnan cocyom xancon, +ror uenonex nsnecren, no-
+romy mt ne yem npnnonrt noxnant yuentx-conpemennnxon n ero apec.
226
nn, uro on tn yuentm, nnecmnm cno nxna n pasnnrne KCA, ro
mt ne nmenn t nnuero npornn. Ho nocxontxy onn nspann rn-
ryn mexynncnam, ro mt ntnyxent pasxcnnrt ncrnny. B
cnoem nonecrnonannn mt, n nepnym ouepet, yem onnpartcx
na ntcxastnannx n ]ernt +roro uenonexa.
Koppecnonenramn xypnana An-Maxanna
554
emy tn
saan nonpoc: 3naere nn nt nansycrt xaxne-nno nsnecrnte,
xnaccnuecxne xnnrn? On ornernn: Her, x ne snam nx nansycrt,
mt nx mnoro unrann, no ontmym uacrt x nansycrt ne snam.
necxontxo pas npouen copnnxn an-Fyxapn n Mycnnma, unran
copnnxn an-Hacan, Ay aya n Hn Maxn, no ne cmor nx sa-
nepmnrt. Kpome roro, x npouen ontmym uacrt An-Mycna
(nmama Axmaa), copnnxa a-apnmn n Hn Kyrat. npomy
y Annaxa, urot on npnnxn mon exnnx, n onn nomnn na nont-
sy.
Bor raxon mex Hn Fas, on, ne crecnxxct, saxnnxer o
rom, uro ne snaer +rn xnnrn nansycrt, onee roro, npnsnaercx,
uro nexoropte ns nnx axe ne cmor nonnocrtm npouecrt. H oco-
enno ynnnxer, uro on ne npouen nonnocrtm An-Mycna
nmama Axmaa, roro nmama, nyrem xoroporo on xxot cneyer.
Ho necmorpx na +ro on sannman nocr my]rnx. Hocr uenonexa,
xoropt oxsan snart coepxanne copnnxon xancon nansycrt,
n npornnnom cnyuae xax on moxer nsanart ]ernt?
Taxontm tn my]rn, xoropt mano snan, no uacro nt-
nocnn pemennx. Hanpnmep, on saxnnn, uro n yexennxx (axte)
unenon oprannsannn Fparten-mycyntman ecrt nsxnt, no n ro
xe npemx na crpannnax xypnana An-Maxanna npnsnancx:
snaxom c nx rpyamn n neocrarouno mepe, mne ne yanoct
nonnocrtm osnaxomnrtcx c nponsneennxmn mexa Xacana n
pyrnx unenon +ro oprannsannn. Kax on moxer cynrt o op-
rannsannn, ecnn on axe ne snaxom c ee nonoxennxmn?
Touno raxym xe neoymannym ]erny N 2143 on nsan
3/9/1395r. (9/9/1975r.), cornacno +ro ]erne mycyntmanam sa-
npemanoct conepmart monnrny sa nmamom-sanrom: uro xaca-

554
23 29/5/1999r. N 1006. C. 28.
227
ercx monnrnt sa sanramn, ro x cunram, uro ona neecrnn-
rentna. Kora xe nce emencxne ]axnxn n sanrt, n ma]n-
rnrt n onn ronoc ntpasnnn cnoe nosmymenne, emy uepes ro
24/9/1396r. (18/9/1976r.) npnmnoct nsxrt cnon cnona oparno n
saxnnrt: o menx omno nosmymenne yuentx Hemena
555
no no-
noy +ro ]ernt. Ho+romy x pemnn nepecmorpert ee nnont.
H renept saxnnxm, uro orxastnamct or +ro ]ernt, nocxontxy
ona tna cnnmxom oomenno. H anee on saxnnn: Mt ox-
sant cynrt o nmxx no nx cnonam n enam. B ocnone xaxt
mycyntmannn uncr or xauecrn, sanpemammnx conepmenne mo-
nnrnt sa nnm. Taxon yuent, nsammn nocnemnte ]ernt c
onnnennxmn mycyntman n nenepnn. On n pyrne naxxanrcxne
yuente ncntrtnamr nenpeoonnmoe xenanne onnnxrt nme n
nenom, n mycyntman n uacrnocrn, n nenepnn. B +rom xe rpexe on
onnnnn n nanron. Cnpocnre: sa uro? Bcero nnmt sa ro, uro
onn ne nepxr n nosmoxnocrt nnnespennx Annaxa n +rom mnpe n
nocneymmem, a raxxe ornepramr resnc o rnennocrn Aa
556
. O-
pamaxct x nnm n cnoe ]erne N 2/717 or 8/3/1407r.
(11/11/1986r.), on naxt nonropnn: Meu n rontxo meu. A
net on npexpacno snaer, uro n sanrt roxe npnepxnnamrcx
+rnx yexenn. Kaxoe xe onpananne nocne +roro nayr cno-
emy mexy
557
naxxanrt?
Hsnecrno, uro mex ornepran ncxxym nosmoxnocrt na-
nora c mycyntmanamn n nenom, n c nx npecrannrenxmn n uacr-
nocrn
558
. On ouent arpeccnnen, xora naunnaercx cnop mexy
nnm n mycyntmanamn, no n ro xe npemx on ne npornn nanora c
xpncrnanamn. Kora xoppecnonenramn xypnana An-

555
Bex Iapaxman an-Xanp nocne cmeprn Hn Fasa nanncan orner na +ry
]erny Ap-Pa ranx Hn Fas panc xaa xnap an-rynama ]n ac-Carynx xay-
nx maxan rynxr am-mnra nam xnxapny ar.
556
Cm.: An-Xaxx a-amnr mexa Axmaa an-Xannnn.
557
Bex c nerxocrtm nsaer ]ernt n npornn ocrantntx mycyntman, n npo-
rnn Vcamt nn Haena.
558
Kora mex Hn Fas oxnnn nanron nenepntmn, my]rn cynranara
Oman Axma an-Xannnn npenoxnn ycrponrt ncxyccnm pxom c Kaao na
rnasax mycyntman, urot ona rpancnnponanact CMH, no mex Hn Fas orxa-
sancx or +ro ncxyccnn.
228
Maxanna emy tn saan nonpoc: Kax nt cmorpnre na nanor
mexy Hcnamom n xpncrnancrnom? - on ornernn: Ecnn no-
xnnrcx neoxonmocrt n raxom nanore, ro x ornomyct x nemy
nonoxnrentno. Ho, xoneuno xe, on onxen trt ocnonan na Ko-
pane n cynne, a raxxe crannrt cnoe nenm oneenne o nnx nc-
rnnt n npnstn nx x Hcnamy. Ftno t xopomo, ecnn t on tn
rax pacnonoxen x nanory c mycyntmancxnmn masxaamn
559
.
Taxnm tn tnmn my]rn KCA, xoropomy ne ocrana-
no snann o xancax n mnnocepnx x mycyntmanam. On npnst-
nan onaxnrt meu xnxaa npornn mycyntman n tn ne npornn
nanora c xpncrnanamn. Ho xaxomy xe npany naxxanrt nasnann
ero mexynncnamom?
uro xe moxno cxasart o nonom my]rnn KCA mexe Ia-
ynrasnse nn Iaynne? Xypnan An-Maxanna no saronon-
xom Cayncxn my]rn, sa xoroptm conepmnnn monnrny 3-4
mnnnnona mycyntman
560
paccxastnaer o rom, uro on no npany
moxer sannmart +ry crenent. uro xacaercx ynomxnyro monnr-
nt, ro ona tna conepmena na Apa]are, no x ne ymam, uro nce
npncyrcrnymmne ononpemenno conepmnnn monnrny, crox sa
nnm. Kaxne xe eme ornnunx nmeer +ror uenonex? Xypnan An-
Maxanna coomaer, uro on samnrnn crenent marncrpa n ox-
ropa
561
, nmex ncero nnmt cnnerentcrno o nonyuennn crenenn
nnnennnara. Heyxenn y naxxanron nnnennnar panen crenenn
oxropa? a cmnnocrnnnrcx Annax na nayxo n KCA.

559
B noono nosnnnn ner nnuero crpannoro, net on cneyer npnmepy cno-
ero nacrannnxa Hn Temnn, xoropt n cnoe xnnre An-xana ac-caxnx
nnman aana nn an-Macnx neer cnoxonym n nsnemennym ncxyccnm c
noopaxaemtmn xpncrnanamn, no n ro xe npemx, n pyrnx xnnrax, on ouent
cnntno pannr mycyntman.
560
C. 22.
561
Cnom oxropcxym ncceprannm on samnrnn 12 max 1999r. na ]axyntrere
ocnon pennrnn.
229
=eZ\Z r_klZy
OZrZ\blkdbc nbdo
Xamannrcxn ]nxx n nenom, n naxxanrcxn n uacrnocrn,
ornnuaercx rem, uro ero ntnot cnnmxom nonepxnocrnt n ne-
oymannt. Onn npnxacamrcx x Kopany n xancam, enamr sa-
xnnennx, onn axe unramr Kopan, onaxo, xax cxasano n xance,
on ne nonnmaercx ntme nx ropna.
<ZooZ[blkdbc f_kyp
Ho none Annaxa cnoxnnoct rax, uro y naxxanron ner nn
enno npnemnemo nen n nn ennoro npnemnemoro nocrynxa.
axe mecxn Pamasan, cornacno naxxanrcxomy mapnary moxer
trt ncero ^\Z^pZlv \hk_fv ^g_c!! A croxnne na Apa]are
moxno conepmart nno n noctmo, nno n ecxrt ent syntxn-
xn. 3ro peantnte ncropnuecxne ]axrt, tn ro, xora naxxa-
nrt ecrnnrentno nocrnnnct rontxo nanart nocemt ne, a
n 1415r. (1994r.) mecro ent mecxna syntxnxa tn nepenecen
nasa n oxnnen nxrtm nem. Kpome ynomxnyrtx npnmepon,
tno mnoro pyrnx, xora naxxanrt onycxann omnxn n xa-
nenape, napymann mycyntmancxoe nerocuncnenne. Hpnuem +ro
nponcxonno ne rontxo n otunte, no n sanpernte-cnxmennte
mecxnt. anee mt npnneem onee noponte npnmept.
B 1419r. (1999r.) naxxanrt nonrpann n c nocrom n c xa-
xem. Acrponomt onpeennnn, uro 17 xnnapx 1999r. monoo
mecxn mecxna Banant noxnnrcx rontxo n 18:48, n ro npemx xax
saxo connna n Menne (c pasnnne n necxontxo mnnyr n pyrnx
ropoax KCA) onxen tn nponsorn n 17:56. Kax xe naxxan-
rt mornn ycrponrt npasnnx pasronennx na cneymmn ent?
Bex an-Kapann no +romy nonoy saxnnn, uro +ror ent xnnx-
ercx onnm ns ne mecxna Pamasan n pasronenne n nem neony-
crnmo. A ecnn onycrnrt, uro mecxn moxer nponnrtcx nanart
230
nocemt ne, ro c raxnm xe ycnexom moxno onycrnrt, uro n
nem moxer trt n rpnnart onn ent
562
.
H xro npncnymancx x cnonam mexa, ror na npaxrnxe
yenncx, uro n +ry nout ynnert mecxn tno onontno cnoxno,
a n cneymmym on tn xopomo nnen.
Bo npemx xaxa roro xe 1419r. (1999r.) naxxanrt pe-
mnnn, uro mecxn syntxara panen 29 nxm, a mecxn syntxnxa
nacrynaer 17 mapra 1999r., no net +ro ne coornercrnyer ecr-
nnrentnocrn. Ftno rouno nsnecrno, uro nont mecxn onxen
tn ponrtcx rontxo n 21:50 no npemenn KCA
563
, ro ecrt uepes
rpn c nnmnnm uaca nocne saxoa connna. H npaxrnxa noxasana,
uro, ecrnnrentno, +ror mecxn nenosmoxno ynnert, ero ne nn-
enn axe n axape, cronnne Cenerana, xoropt xnnxercx camo
sanano mycyntmancxo cronnne. Tam mecxn onxen tn no-
xnnrtcx n 18:11, ro ecrt sa mnnyry o saxoa connna. uro xe xa-
caercx nonxrnx nont mecxn, ro ner peut o rom nonoxennn,
xora nyna naxonrcx mexy connnem n semne n yron naennx
panen 5 rpaycam
564
. B +ro npemx ero eme nenosmoxno ynnert,
on yer nnen rontxo uepes nocemnanart uacon nocne poxe-
nnx nonoro mecxna
565
. Kax xe naxxanram nce-raxn yaercx ero
ynnert? A moxer trt napymaercx npnntunt saxonomepnt

562
Cnyrnnxont xanan An-xasnpa, nporpamma Bapnar n xnsnt, nout
17 xnnapx 1999r. On saxnnn, uro mycyntmane xnnxmrcx enno nanne, n nm
cneyer trt enntmn n n nonpocax nocra roxe.
563
Xouercx ormernrt rounocrt anntx acrponomnn. Vuente sa ecxrxn ner
o conneunoro sarmennx 11/8/1999r. c rounocrtm o cexynt onpeennnn,
xora ono yer n n xaxnx pernonax ero yer nnno. nx roro urot cenart
raxne pacuert, cneyer trt ouent rountm n nnnmarentno cnenrt sa nn-
xennem neecntx ren. annte acrponomnn rout n rout connann c nacroxmnm
sarmennem. Moryr nn nocne +roro trt xaxne-nno comnennx no nonoy nt-
uncnennx mycyntmancxnx mecxnen?
564
Kora +ror yron panen nnn nnsox x nynm, nacrynaer conneunoe sarmenne.
565
Hmenno no+romy nnora moxno ynnert monoo mecxn yrpom. B raxnx
cnyuaxx nexoropte no npnunne cnoero nenexecrna cunramr, uro nponsomna
omnxa, urot pasnexrt noonte comnennx, coneryem oparnrtcx x cary
www.moonsighting.com.
231
xo cotrn, nponcxonr uyo, n pesyntrare xoroporo nm ya-
ercx ynnert monoo mecxn?
B uem xe sect xpoercx rana? Houemy +rn nmn c raxo
nerxocrtm ncxaxamr neroncuncnenne?
Mt cunraem, uro rana xpoercx n cneymmem:
Bo-nepntx, naxxanrt onnpamrcx na mnennx nenaex-
ntx acrponomon, ne nonnmammnx pasnnnt mexy poxennem
nonoro mecxna n nosmoxnocrtm ero ynnert, a +ro, xax mt yno-
mxnynn ntme, ontmax omnxa. Kpome roro, naxxanrt nont-
symrcx anntmn acrponomnn nx roro, urot yocronepnrtcx n
nosmoxnocrn nnnespennx mecxna, a ne yenrtcx n orcyrcrnnn
raxo nosmoxnocrn, acrponomnx xe nam moxer art rontxo nn-
]opmannm o orcyrcrnnn nosmoxnocrn ynnert mecxn.
Bo-nroptx, xamannrcxo-naxxanrcxn ]nxx onontno
nsnpamen, onn npnnnmamr cnnerentcrno nmoro uenonexa, ne-
sanncnmo or roro, conepmaer nn on monnrny nnn ner, nocrnrcx
nnn ner, npanennx on nnn pacnyrnnx. Ho+romy ecnn noe cro-
nopxrcx no nonoy roro, uro nnenn mecxn, ro naxxanrt n camn
npexparxr nocr n nenxr npexparnrt ero cnonm nocneonarenxm.
Hpn +rom onn cnoxono saxnnxmr, uro Hpopox (c.r.c.) npnnnman
cnnerentcrno nonx nme.
3ro eme onn ns npnmepon nonepxnocrnoro ornomennx x
pennrnn. 3nare xe, uro Hpopox (c.r.c.) npnnnman cnnerentcr-
no ne xaxoro mycyntmannna, on nponepxn, ner nn xaxnx-nno
ocroxrentcrn, rpeymmnx orxasa or cnnerentcrna roro nnn
nnoro uenonexa. Hmenno no+romy Annax n Kopane no nonoy
rpemnnxon cxasan: B gbdh]^Z g_ [_jbl_ bo \ dZq_kl\_ k\b^_-
l_e_c, b[h hgb ij_klmiZxsb_ aZdhg, aZ bkdexq_gb_f l_o ba
gbo, dhlhju_ ihke_ wlh]h [gZ\_lZ] jZkdZyebkv b aZ]eZ^beb \b-
gm (24:4). Caxat n ranrnnt raxxe ne npnnnmann cnnerent-
crno nmoro uenonexa, npnnxnmero Hcnam, a nponepxnn ero na
naexnocrt
566
. Ecrt sect n pyrax cropona, cnnerentcrno cno-

566
Fonee roro, cnonnxnnxn pasomnnct no mnennxx no nonoy npnnxrnx
cnnerentcrna rex, xro yxe nonyunn yrononnoe naxasanne. Tapnx, nocneona-
rent mxont xancon, npnnonr pnnaxr, n xoropom coomaercx o rom, uro Iy-
map nn an-Xarra naxasan Ay Faxpary, Bnnx nn Maraa n Ia]nra, sa
232
nnxnnxa, noxaxnmerocx n nenepnn n npnnxnmero Hcnam, nn n
xoem cnyuae ne moxer trt panno cnnerentcrny nmoro pyro-
ro uenonexa, ocoenno ecnn ror nexncxn eynn, npexn
xoroporo, nosmoxno, xora-ro yxe orpexannct or Hcnama. Vue-
ntm-xanconeam, nsanna nsnecren npnnnnn, no xoropomy onn
npnnnmann cnnerentcrna ncex cnonnxnnxon n nepenponepxnn
cnnerentcrna n xanct ncex ocrantntx. axe xnxrnt uenonexa
neocrarouno, n nmom cnyuae cneyer nponepnrt ero naex-
nocrt n nenpnuacrnocrt x nennxnm rpexam. Mt oxsant samn-
mart cnom pennrnm or nxn pasnnuntx xnenernnxon.
Bex an-Kapann yxe anno nnec npenoxenne npnnxrt
xana]nrcxn npnnnnn, cornacno xoropomy npnnnmaercx rontxo
cnnerentcrno ouent ontmo rpynnt nme
567
. Kpome roro,

ro, uro onn oxnenerann an-Myrnpy, onnnnn roro n npenmoexnnn, a sarem
norpeonan or nnx noxaxnnx n cxasan: Hoxarect, n rora x yy npnnnmart
namn cnnerentcrna. Taxoro xe mnennx npnepxnnannct Iaynna nn
Iyra, Iymap nn Iaynrasns, Carn nn xyap, Tayc, Myxaxn, am-
Barn, Inxpnma, as-3yxpn, Myxapn nn acap, Bypax, Myannx nn Ky-
pa. Ay as-3nna no +romy nonoy cxasan: V nac n Menne nopxox raxon:
ecnn xnenernnx orxasancx or cnoe xnenert n noxaxncx, ro mt npnnnmaem
ero cnnerentcrno. Am-Barn n Karaa cxasann: Ecnn xro-nno xneneran
na cex n nonyunn sa +ro naxasanne, ro mt npnmem ero cnnerentcrno. Ac-
Canpn cxasan: Ecnn paa nnauane naxasann sa xnenery, a sarem ocnoonnn,
ro ero cnnerentcrno npnemnemo. Ho ecrt n re, xro cunran, uro cnnerentcr-
no xnenernnxa nenpnemnemo. Cm. y an-Fyxapn rnany O yrononntx naxasann-
xx (Xyy): Ecnn nopy orpynnn pyxy, ro nocne +roro ero cnnerentcrno
npnemnemo. Touno rax xe nocrynamr n co ncemn ocrantntmn, nonyunnmnmn
cnoe naxasanne. Or Mannxa nepeaercx pnnaxr: Ftn saan nonpoc: npnnn-
maercx nn cnnerentcrno uenonexa, nonyunnmero yrononnoe naxasanne? Or-
ner tn raxon: a, ecnn on noxaxncx. Kax nnnre, ne xaxoe cnnerent-
crno npnemnemo.
567
Koneuno, +ror npnnnnn moxno ocnopnrt, yunrtnax ror ]axr, uro npn na-
crynnennn mecxna Pamasan Hpopox (c.r.c.) npnnnman cnnerentcrno onoro
uenonexa, a npn ero sanepmennn nyx. Ho n +rom cnyuae cneyer nponepxrt
naexnocrt +rnx cnnerene. Hmenno rax nocrynamr n Omane, no+romy y nnx
ner nnxaxnx nponem c onpeenennem mecxnen. oxrop Mycra]a am-Baaxa
no +romy nonoy n cnoe xnnre Hcnam nnx masaxn nnmer: Bor yxe n
reuenne necxontxnx ner nocrounte mycyntmane naunnamr nocr mecxna Pama-
san na onn ent pantme nonoxennoro. uro xe xacaercx nanron n npecra-
233
cnona cnnerene neoxonmo cnepxrt c anntmn acrponomnn.
Bet acrponomnx, n ornnune or acrponornn, xnnxercx rouno na-
yxo, cnxsanno c maremarnxo. Ecnn ecrt annte acrponomnn,
ro ner nnxaxo norpenocrn n cnennantntx xomnccnxx no onpe-
enennm nauana n xonna mecxna. Kora acrponomnx saxnnxer o
nenosmoxnocrn ynnert mecxn, ro +ro snaunr, uro ero ecrnn-
rentno ne yer
568
.
Ho+romy pyxononrenxm mycyntmancxnx rocyapcrn cne-
yer trt ocoo ocropoxntmn, nnnmarentntmn n ne noa-
nartcx na nponoxannn naxxanron. B xance Hpopoxa (c.r.c.)
cxasano, uro y xaxoro napoa cno mecxn
569
, +ro cnxsano c pas-

nnrene pyrnx reuenn, ro onn nocrynamr nepno, nocxontxy cneymr npo-
pouecxomy xancy (ns. 13, c. 141).
568
Mnenne o conocrannennn cnnerentcrn c anntmn acrponomnn ntcxasann
mnorne yuente. Hanpnmep, Hpaxnm nn Iymap (ym. 1401r. (1981r.)), yuent
ns Anxnpa, n cnoem nnctme mnnncrpy ocnonnoro n pennrnosnoro opasona-
nnn nanncan: Ecnn xo mne npner uenonex n sacnnerentcrnyer, uro on nn-
en mecxn, n ero cnona yyr nornepxartcx anntmn acrponomnn, ro x
npnmy ero cnnerentcrno n oxnnm o nauane mecxna. Ho ecnn xo mne npner
uenonex n sacnnerentcrnyer, uro ynnen mecxn, no annte acrponomnn y-
yr ronopnrt o rom, uro mecxn ynnert nenosmoxno n uro on saer o saxo-
a connna nnn nmecre c nnm, ro orneprny ero cnnerentcrno. Touno raxoro
xe mnennx npnepxnnancx nmam Taxnmnn ac-Cyxn. Hx ntcxastnannx nt
moxere npocnymart na coornercrnymmnx xaccerax, a raxxe n xnnrax oxropa
Myxammaa Cannxa Hactpa.
569
Hepeaercx or Kypaa, uro Vmmy an-uan nnr an-Xapnc ornpannna ero
n Bam x Myannn: npntn n Bam, ncnonnnn nopyuenne, n n +ro npemx mt
ynnenn nont mecxn mecxna Pamasan. 3ro tno n nout na nxrnnny, no+romy
n cyory mt nauann nocr. B xonne Pamasana x nepnyncx n Menny, re
ncrpernncx c Iaynno nn Iaacom, xoropt saan mne pasnnunte nonpo-
ct; xora peut samna o mecxne, on cnpocnn y menx: Bt xora ynnenn no-
nt mecxn? - x ornernn: B nout na nxrnnny. On cnpocnn: Tt nnen ero
nnuno? - x ornernn: a, n pyrne roxe ero ynnenn n nauann nocr, n Mya-
nnx nauan nocr nmecre c namn. Hn Iaac cxasan: A mt nnenn ero n nout
na cyory, no+romy ceuac npoonxaem nocr o rex nop, noxa ne ynnnm
mecxn mannanx, nnn noxa pamasan ne ononnnrcx o rpnnarn ne. cnpo-
cnn: Heyxenn ree neocrarouno mecxna, ynnennoro Myanne? - on orne-
rnn: Her, Hpopox (c.r.c.) nam nenen nocrynart nmenno rax. Hpnnonrcx y
Mycnnma, a noxoxne xanct npnnoxrcx y ar-Tnpmnsn, an-Hacan, Ay aya
n Axmaa.
234
nocrtm reorpa]nuecxoro nonoxennx roro nnn nnoro rocyapcr-
na. nyna, rax xe xax n connne, nnxercx no crporo ycranonnen-
ntm n uerxnm saxonam. Ho+romy ona ne moxer npyr noxnnrtcx
rontxo ns-sa roro, uro n Mexxe nnn Menne pemnnn nauart nnn
sanepmnrt nocr.
B xauecrne onoa x xouy npnnecrn ntcxastnannx nsne-
crnoro yuenoro-acrponoma Xanna Banxara
570
.
Bonpoc N9: o menx omna nn]opmannx, uro n KCA
nont mecxn ynnenn 29/12/97r., ro ecrt nx nocr onxen tn
nauartcx 30/12/97r., no n ro xe npemx mne tno nsnecrno, uro n
+ror neuep nyna onxna tna sarn nourn ononpemenno c
connnem, no+romy mne xaxercx, uro n KCA nnenn noopaxae-
mt mecxn. He mornn t nt nponnrt cner na +ror nonpoc? 3apa-
nee naroapen.
Orner: Kax nnnre, nt n camn yennnct n sanyxennn
nnacre KCA. a, mt roxe cntmann nx saxnnennx no +romy no-
noy n xornm ormernrt, uro y nnx xaxt mecxn poxaercx na
onn ent pantme, uem n ocrantntx pernonax. Ho nosnnxaer no-
npoc: a xax raxoe noome moxer trt? Mne xaxercx, uro nx sa-
xnnennx ocnonant na ncnontsonannn xanenapx c yxasannem
cpoxon noxnnennx nononynnx, xoropoe ]axrnuecxn ne nnno.
V menx na pyxax ecrt noont xanenapt sa rpnnart ner, n
ecnn nt n nero nsrnxnere, ro onapyxnre, uro xaxt mecxn na-
unnaercx na cneymmn ent nocne nononynnx
571
no Ipnnnnuy
(xoropt ceuac cunraercx ncemnpno-npnnxrtm orcuerom UTC).
ne ymam, uro onn na camom ene nnxr nacroxmn monoo
mecxn. 3auacrym nmn nonepxent nnnxnnm cnoero noopaxe-
nnx, nno nnxr pasnnunte armoc]epnte +]]exrt n xnnennx.
Kax nosmoxno ynnert mecxn, xoropt samen pantme saxoa
Connna?.

570
Bex xnnxercx naxncrannem no nponcxoxennm, xnner n CBA, onee
nopono nt moxere osnaxomnrtcx c ero orneramn na anrnoxstunom care
http://moonsighting.com.
571
To ecrt, naxxanrt no nauanom mecxna nonnmamr nononynne.
235
Bonpoc N10: Hpenpnnnmannct nn xem-nno nontrxn
onecrn o nnacre KCA
572
omnounocrt nx nosnnnn? Hx ]ernt
xnnxmrcx npnunno xaoca cpen mycyntman CBA. B name
crpane tnn meuern, n xoropt nauanom Pamasana tno oxn-
neno 30 exapx 1997r..
Orner: a, raxne nontrxn npenpnnnmannct. Ftnn n
nnctmennte opamennx, n enerannn, nanpnmep ns Haxncrana,
Hnnn, ISNA (Cenepnax Amepnxa), no nnacrn KCA ne noxenann
x nnm npncnymartcx. uro xe xacaercx ISNA, ro ona oxnnna,
uro 29/12/97r. nont mecxn ynnert nenosmoxno, cneonarent-
no, 30/12/97r., xnnxercx nocnennm nem Barana, a 31/12/97r.
naunnaercx Pamasan
573
.
Bonpoc N11: Bce, xpome Omana n Tynnca, nnxnenoc-
rounte mycyntmancxne crpant, nauanom Pamasana oxnnnn
30/12/97r. Ho cynne Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) n rom cnyuae, ecnn noe my-
cyntman ynnenn nont mecxn, ro ncx ymma oxsana npncrynnrt
x nocry
574
. Pasne ne moxer uacrt mycyntman enart ro xe, uro
enamr pyrne. Ecnn tno oxnneno, uro xro-nno ynnen no-
nt mecxn Pamasana, ro noome ne cneyer opamartcx x an-
ntm acrponomnn. Ecnn axe ntxcnnrcx, uro nponsomna xaxax-
ro omnxa, ro rpex sa nam nenepnt nocr yer nexart rontxo
na cnnerenxx.
Orner: Bamn nocnenne cnona npornnopeuar Kopany,
Annax ne pas nonropxer: B gbdlh g_ ihg_k_l ghrb []j_oh\]
^jm]h]h (6:164), +ror axr nonropxercx n Kopane nxrt pas (6:164,
17:15, 35:18, 39:7 n 53:38).
Hexoropte onot no nonoy sanyxennx naxxanron n
nonpoce o monoom mecxne:

572
3ect nmemrcx n nny mexn, orneuammne sa +ror nonpoc.
573
Ecnn mecxn ne nnen na 3anae, ro rem onee ero nenosmoxno ynnert na
Bocroxe. Ecnn t on tn nnen n apacxnx crpanax, ro n CBA n noanno
tn t nnen, nocxontxy nocne ero poxennx npomno t 8 uacon.
574
B nonpoce coepxnrcx necxontxo omnox, n ona ns nnx saxnmuaercx n
rom, uro nx nauana mecxna Pamasan ocrarouno cnnerentcrna onoro ueno-
nexa, a nx sanepmennx nonx.
236
B renerpamme xomnccnn no ]ernam KCA nepeanno 23
pamasana 1418r. (21/1/1998) N 259, apeconanno Hopannx/an-
ya/m.x./ac-Cyx/rocnonny Xannm Mamyxy Ay 3ay, tno
cxasano: Fnaroapnm nac sa nospannennx c nauanom mecxna
Pamasan n sa name nanomnnanne o cpoxax noxnnennx nonoro me-
cxna n 1418r., no xenaem nam nanomnnrt, uro onpeenenne naua-
na mecxna noono onpeenennm npemenn monnrnt. Ecnn co-
rnacno mexxancxomy xanenapm, no npemx saxoa connna nos-
pacr mecxna panen 12 uacam, ro npetymn ent
575
cunraercx
nauanom mecxna, nocxontxy, cornacno xnxpe, cyrxn naunnamr-
cx nocne saxoa connna. Hout npemecrnyer nm nocra. a
npnmer Annax nam nocr n nepner ero nam na cneymmn ro.
Hospannxem nac c nacrynammnm npasnnxom n naroapnm sa
corpynnuecrno. KCA/+p-Pnx/Btcmax xomnccnx no ]er-
nam/Myxamma nn Axma.
Hpo]eccop Xannt Ay 3a xnnxercx unenom Hopancxo-
ro acrponomnuecxoro omecrna JAS n perynxpno nonyuaer or
naxxanron nnctma no nonoy onpeenennx nauana mecxnen no
xnxpe. B onom ns raxnx nncem tno cxasano: Ecnn 29 Bar-
ana npnxonrcx na 29 exapx, ro nospacr mecxna yer co-
crannxrt 18 uacon, ro ecrt ontme rpeyemoro (12 uacon), no-
+romy 30 exapx onpeenxercx xax nepnt ent mecxna pama-
san. B raxnx cnyuaxx, xax nsnecrno, mecxn saxonr o saxoa
connna. Taxon naxxanrcxn mecxn.
;b^]Z
Conpemennte ncenocana]nrt nce, uro ne ncxonr or
Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), npnsnamr nro, nnoxme n sanyxenne.
nx oocnonannx cnoe nosnnnn onn npnnoxr xanc
.xymne ns exnn nonmecrna, nce nonmecrna xnnxmrcx
nra, a xaxax nra nnonr n sanyxenne
576
. 3ro eme onn
npnmep nonepxnocrnoro ornomennx naxxanron x nonpocam

575
Tenept nt nonxnn nouemy naxxanrt nocroxnno nyramr xanenapt, onn
ncnontsymr nsnpamennt noxo.
576
C neontmo pasnnne +ror xanc npnnonrcx y an-Hacan, Mycnnma n
pyrnx xanconeon.
237
]nxxa. urot pasxcnnrt +ror nonpoc onee nopono, mt xo-
rnm npnnecrn nnrart ns xnnrn Ap-Pam an-myrraapy ]n xyxmn
canarn ac-ca]ap, npnnanexame nepy Carna nn Mapyxa
an-Kanyn. Anrop nnmer: Xanc: Hpannnemne cnona +ro
cnona Annaxa n Ero Knnre, nyumn nyrt +ro nyrt Hpopoxa
Myxammaa (c.r.c.), xymne ns exnn +ro nonmecrna, xaxoe
nonmecrno ecrt nra, a xaxax nra nnonr n sanyxenne, -
xnnxercx omnm xancom c uacrntm cmtcnom. Ero noxcnxer xa-
nc: Kro nocne cex ocrannr n Hcname naroe naunnanne, ror
nonyunr cnom narpay n narpay ncex rex, xro nocrynnn cornac-
no ero npnmepy, npnuem narpaa ero nocneonarene ne yer
ymentmena. A xro nocne cex ocrannr n Hcnam ypnoe naunna-
nne, ror nonyunr cno rpex n rpex ncex rex, xro nocrynnn co-
rnacno ero npnmepy, npnuem rpexn ero nocneonarene ne yyr
ymentment
577
. 3ror xanc ocronepen n npnnonrcx y Mycnn-
ma, an-Hacan, ar-Tnpmnsn, Hn Maxn, ar-Taxnncn, Axmaa,
Hn Xnana, Hn Ay Bat, ar-Taxann, Hn xart, ar-
Taapann, an-Faxaxn, an-Farann. 3ror xanc yxastnaer na ro,
uro ne nce nonmecrna, npnymannte nmtmn, xnnxmrcx snom.
Cpen nnx ecrt n narne cnona n nocrynxn, n ypnte, no n re, n
pyrne nonmecrna nastnamrcx nra. Vuente no +romy nonoy
nanncann ouent mnoro xnnr n rnan, mt ne yem npnnonrt nce
nx cnona, a nnmt cenaem ns nnx ntno o rom, uro nonmecrna
enxrcx na na nna: x nepnomy ornocxrcx exnnx, npornnope-
uamne Kopany, cynne n nxmary, +ror nn nra ecrnnrentno
nnonr mycyntman n sanyxenne, nmenno o +rom nne n xan-

577
Baxxanrt ntramrcx oxasart, uro +ror xanc ouent uacrnt n cnxsan
nnmt c npnstnom Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) x cnonnxnnxam oxasart marepnantnym
nomomt enerannn ns Myapa. O +rom ronopnrcx n Maxmyr ]arana na
pacann ]atnxr mex Myxamma nn Cannx an-Iycamnn, copanno uax-
om nn Hactpom ac-Cynemanom n nsanno n +p-Pnxe (ap an-naran, r. 3,
c. 14). Ho raxax nosnnnx npornnopeunr nocrynxam ncrnnntx cana]on, xaxo-
ntmn tnn npanente xann]t, npnnnecmne n Hcnam mnorne naroponte
rpannnn. B uacrnocrn Iymap nn an-Xarra npenoxnn conepmart monnrny
rapannx xonnexrnnno n meuern n ynennunrt xonnuecrno paxararon o nana-
rn. Pasne +rn nmn ne tnn remn, xro ontme nac c namn oxncx npnnnecennx
nra n Hcnam?
238
ce cxasano: .a xaxax nra nnonr n sanyxenne; xo nro-
pomy nny ornocxrcx narne cnona n exnnx, sa xoropte ncnon-
nnrent nonyuaer narpay, nmenno o nnx n xance cxasano: Kro
nocne cex ocrannr n Hcname naroe naunnanne. Hoonoe
mnenne ntcxastnann: nmam am-Ba]nrn (nepeano Ay Harn-
mom) n Xynnx an-annnx, an-Faxaxn, Inssynn nn Iayca-
nxm n An-Kanarn n Ar-Taprny ran canxr ap-paran an-
mayyra, an-Hanann n Bapx caxnx Mycnnm n Taxsn an-
acma na ac-ct]ar, Hn Xasm, an-Iasann n Hxx rynym a-
nn, Hn an-Acnp n An-Hnxax, Ay Bama n Marannm ac-
cynnan, ac-Cymrt n An-Ampy n an-nrrnar na an-naxm ran
an-nrnar, Xycn an-maxca n an-Macanx ]n canar ar-
rapannx, an-Kacranann n Hpma ac-capn, Hn Mannx n My-
apax an-asxap mapx mamapnx an-annap, Iann an-Kapn n Bapx
an-mnmxar, as-3apxann n Bapx an-mynarra, an-Xann n Hn-
can an-rymn, Hn Iannn n Bapx an-mnmxar, am-Banxnrt
an-Mannxn n 3ayn-mycnnm, nmam ac-Cannmn n Marapnx
an-aman n pyrne.
O +ro xe nnmer Hn Xaxap n cnoe xnnre uarx an-
apn: Ecnn ona (nra) xnnxercx exnnem, noompxemtm ma-
pnarom, ro npnsnaercx naro, ecnn xe ona xnnxercx exnnem,
nopnnaemtm mapnarom, ro npnsnaercx ypno. Ecnn xe ona ne
ornocnrcx nn x nepnomy, nn xo nropomy nny, ro npnsnaercx
osnonenntm exnnem (myax), enxmnmcx na nxrt nnon.
O +rom xe nnmer Hn Temnx n Maxmyr an-]arana,
r. 24, c. 243: .nnora on ronopnn rax, a nnora no-pyromy, n
nontrxa oennnrt na exnnx xnnxercx ne cynno, a nra,
ona moxer trt nnora n osnonenno; a nemnoro nnxe (r. 24,
c. 253) on yxastnaer: .nra ne ornocnrcx nn x noompxemomy,
nn x sanpernomy, nx rex, xro ee conepmaer, ecrt cnoe npnmep,
a nx rex, xro ocrannxer, cno.
Hexoropte yuente cxasann, uro xanc xaxax nra
nnonr n sanyxenne necer ouent omn cmtcn. H no nra
nmeercx n nny nce, uro ne nmeer no coo mapnarcxym ocno-
ny. O +rom nncann: ac-Can ac-Cana n Bapx an-mnmxar,
Hn Paxa n xamnr an-rynmm na an-axxam, Hn Xaxap an-
239
Xaramn n Ar-Tatnnn n mapx an-aparnn, as-3apxamn n
An-Har, an-Haxnann n Tyx]ar an-axtxp, Myxamma Faxnr
an-Myrtrn n cnoem rpaxrare o nra.
Taxoro xe mnennx npnepxnnancx n Hn Xaxap, n cno-
em uarx an-apn on ne pas yxastnaer: An-Myxacaar (non-
mecrna) nponcxonr or enncrnennoro uncna myxaca (non-
mecrno). B xance Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) no +romy nonoy cxasano:
Ecnn xro nnen n +ro name eno ro, uero n nem ne tno, ro ono
yer orneprnyro, - ro ecrt nmeercx n nny, nnen ro, uro ne
nmeer mapnarcxo ocnont n nmenyercx repmnnom nra. Ecnn
xe y +roro nonoro exnnx ecrt n mapnare ocnona, ro ono ne na-
stnaercx nra. B pyrom mecre on yxastnaer: Fnra +ro
exnne, ne nmemmee npnmepa. B mapnare ono xnnxercx anrnno-
om cynnt n no+romy nopnnaercx.
Kax nnnre, mt c namn nmeem pasnornacnx nnmt n rep-
mnnonornn, cyrt xe ntcxastnann cnonrcx x romy, uro nonte
exnnx, npornnopeuamne cnxmenntm rexcram, npnsnamrcx no-
pnnaemo nra, a nonte exnnx, connaammne co cmtcnom
cnxmenntx rexcron n necymne n cee nontsy, npnsnamrcx oo-
pxemo nra nnn xe moryr trt ornecent x paspxy osnonen-
ntx exnn. Ocnonntm xpnrepnem n +rom nonpoce xnnxercx na-
nnune nnn orcyrcrnne mapnarcxo ocnont. Ho ecnn +ra ocnona
nam nensnecrna, +ro eme ne snaunr, uro ee ner. Bce ntmenpnne-
ennte ntcxastnannx yuentx cnoxrcx nmenno x +rnm saxnm-
uennxm.
Hsnecrno, uro cnonnxnnxn Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) nocne ero
cmeprn nnecnn n Hcnam mnoro nonoro, uro no npemena Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.) nsnecrno ne tno. K raxnm nontm exnnxm moxno ornec-
rn sannannponannoe crponrentcrno nontx ropoon, oprannsa-
nnm ntcmnx rocyapcrnenntx coneron (nnan), nneenne nero-
cuncnennx no xnxpe, oannenne nepnoro asana x nopxxy nxr-
nnuno monnrnt, sannct Kopana n ero xonnponanne n cemn +x-
semnnxpax. H nnxro nn n nx npemena, nn nosxe ne oxnnn, uro
cnonnxnnxn conepmnnn uro-ro sanpernoe.
Vnnnxer ro, uro naxxanrt sanpemamr nponsnocnrt
Hcrnny cxasan Bcentmnn Annax (Caaxannax an-rastm)
240
no sanepmennn urennx Kopana, nocxontxy +roro xxot ner n
cynne. Ho +ro ntpaxenne ecrt c Kopane: KdZ`b [FmoZffZ^].
':eeZo ]eZ]he_l bklbgm` (3:95); yurnre, uro nx nac nmeer
snauenne omn cmtcn ]past, a ne uacrnocrt ee npnunnt, no-
+romy necmorpx nn na utn nperensnn mt saxnnxem: Hcrnny
cxasan Annax n ncrnny cxasan Ero nocnannnx. Ho ecnn yxe
trt o xonna nocneonarentntmn, ro mt rpeyem or naxxan-
ron oxasarentcrna osnonennocrn nponsnecennx ]past a oc-
nxrnr Annax ero ymy nocne nmenn Myxammaa nn Iayn-
naxxaa
578
. eno n rom, uro y naxxanron ner ocnonononaramme-
ro npnnnnna n nonpoce o nra, no+romy onn nnxr nonmecrna
nmenno n rex exnnxx, xoropte nce mycyntmane npnsnamr cyn-
no. Ho rora nosnnxaer nonpoc, nouemy onn ne ocyxamr no-
crynxn yuentx, xoropte npocrannnn n Kopane rouxn n xapaxa-
rt? Pasne +ro ne nra, conepmennte nocne Hpopoxa (c.r.c.)?
Bet xora cnonnxnnxn sannctnann Kopan co cnon Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.), onn sanncann ero es rouex n xapaxaron. Houemy xe onn
camn cee npornnopeuar n npoonxamr unrart Kopan c rouxamn
n xapaxaramn? Houemy onn crpoxr meuern c mnxpaamn? net
+roro npn Hpopoxe (c.r.c.) ne tno, onn noxnnnnct rontxo uepes
enxnocro ner nocne ero cmeprn. Ie xe uerxn n xcnt xpnre-
pn naxxanrcxoro nonxrnx nra?
He xnnxercx cexperom, uro naxxanrt oxnnxmr nra
axe npasnonanne poxennx Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), onn cunramr, uro
+ro xnnxercx nosnparom x xstuecrny, nyansmy n xpncrnancr-
ny
579
. Hsnecrno, uro Hn Xaxap an-Iacxanxnn nasnan +ro ex-
nne noompxemo nra. B xauecrne onoa on npnnen ncropnm o
rom, xax Hpopox (c.r.c.) no npntrnn n Menny ysnan o rom, uro
nyen nocrxrcx n ent Iamypa. H xora on nonnrepeconancx y
nnx o npnunne +roro nocra, onn ornernnn: B +ror ent Annax
cnac Mycy (r.c.) or ]apaona, no+romy mt nocrnmcx ns naroap-
nocrn x Annaxy sa Ero mnnocrt. H rora Hpopox (c.r.c.) orne-

578
Cm.: Iynnan an-max. 1/26, 2/20, 2/134 n noonte.
579
Cm. xommenrapnn mexa Myxammaa Xamna an-uaxn x xnnre Hn Te-
mnn Hxrna ac-ctpar an-mycraxnm, c. 328.
241
rnn: nmem ontme npan n ornomennn Myct (r.c.), uem nt, -
n nauan nocrnrtcx n +ror ent n nenen nocrnrtcx cnonm cno-
nnxnnxam. Hn Xaxap, xommenrnpyx +ror xanc, nnmer:
3ror xanc yxastnaer na ro, uro naroapnocrt Annaxy n ent,
xora On nsnnn na Cnonx paon mnnocrt, xnnxercx oroyrontm
enom. A pasne moxer trt oQntmax oxecrnennax mnnocrt,
uem poxenne Hpopoxa (c.r.c.). Taxoro xe mnennx npnepxn-
nannct mnorne pyrne yuente, n n uacrnocrn xa]ns Hn an-
Xanann. H axe Hn Temnx no +romy nonoy nnmer: Hexo-
ropte nmn nosnennunnamr ent poxennx Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) n
npenpamamr ero n ocot pennrnosnt opx. Koneuno xe, onn
sa raxoe naroe namepenne n nounranne Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) nonyuar
narpay or Annaxa
580
; a sa necxontxo crpannn o +roro on yxa-
stnaer: Annax narpanr +rnx nme sa nx nmont n crapa-
nne
581
.
<ZooZ[blkdb_ [b^]Z
23 pamasana 1419r. (11.01.1999r.) nocne yrpenne monnr-
nt onn nx xamannrcxnx noxe (xoroptx nastnamr nama
cnernocrt (cnxmencrno))
582
, nocceax nepe Maxam Hpaxnma
(r.c.), unran nexnnm o rom, xaxne exnnx enamr xpont mycynt-
mannna
583
osnonenno. Bo npemx +ro nexnnn on ynomxnyn, uro
]j_rgbdb [m^ml gZoh^blvky \ :^m iylvkhl e_l
584
.

580
Hn Temnx. Hxrna ac-ctpar.. C. 330.
581
Tam xe, c. 327. Bnnmo, +rn cnona ouent saenn mexa Myxammaa Xamn-
a an-uaxn, no+romy on cxasan: Kax xe onn moryr sa +ro nonyunrt narpa-
y?... Ecnn axe xro-nno cxaxer, uro onn conepmnnn nxrnxa, ro mt orne-
rnm: 'Pasne +ro moxno nasnart nxrnxaom? Bsrnxnnre na uerxne n xc-
nte onot +roro uenonexa.
582
ymam, uro +ro tn mex Myxamma Cannx an-Iycemnn. Koneuno, ns-
sa ontmoro uncna npncyrcrnonanmnx x ne pasrnxen ero nnna, no necmorpx
na +ro ymam, uro +ro tn on, nocxontxy n +ro npemx nexnnn unran rontxo
on.
583
Ho nx mnennm. Hocmorpnre na nx ocnonnoe sanxrne n ocnonnym remarnxy
nexnn. Kax nocne +roro onn moryr nponsnocnrt peun o xpanocrxx?
584
Hgb l\_j^yl. 'G_ ho\Zlbl gZk h]hgv gb \ dh_f kemqZ_, jZa\_ qlh gZ
kqblZggu_ ^gb`. Hl\_qZc bf. 'Beb \u ihemqbeb gZ lh h[_sZgb_ :eeZoZ Z
242
Koneuno, xaxoe saxnnenne rpeyer oxasarentcrn, n
mex n xauecrne onoa npnnen xanc o rom, uro orarte noyr
n Pa na nxrtcor ner
585
nosxe, uem ente. Ho ero mnennm, +ro-
ro cpoxa ocrarouno nx roro, urot rpemnnxn nonyunnn naxa-
sanne sa cnon exnnx, noxnnynn A n, npncoennnnmnct x my-
cyntmanam, eme ne nomemnm n Pa, nomnn nmecre c nnmn.
npenaram unrarenm camomy cenart ntno o ymecr-
nocrn n npnemnemocrn raxnx ntnoon. Ho y menx nnuno nosnnx
nonpoc, a no xaxomy npany +rn rpemnnxn noyr n Pa ononpe-
menno c Iapaxmanom nn Iay]om n pyrnmn ynaxaemtmn
cnonnxnnxamn?
O Annax, mt nonnocrtm cornacnt c rem uenonexom, xo-
ropt nasnan ns xamannramn, nx yexennx ecrnnrentno nyc-
rorent, onn ne coepxar nnuero, uro ecrt n Kopane n cynne. Hx
nent noxasart nmxm nerxonecnocrt nx rpexon, nmenno no+ro-
my Myxamma Kyr nasnan nx neomypxnnramn.
Hocmorpnre na +rnx nme, xoropte xxot opmrcx c
nra. Ha camom ene onn camn xnnxmrcx nsoperarenxmn ca-
mtx nennuamnx nra n onerunrenxmn rpexonntx exnn.
Annaxy mt npnnanexnm n x Hemy nosnpamaemcx.
B[g ;Za b \jZs_gb_ A_feb
Bex Iaynrasns nn Iaynna nn Fas tn onnm ns
rex, xro samnman naxxanrcxym axty n enan nce, urot co-
xpannrt ee xnsnecnoconocrt. Hpn +rom on ne rnymancx nnxa-
xnmn cpecrnamn, nnnort o sanyrtnannx axron Kopana n xan-
con Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), crporo cneyx npnmepy cnonx npemecr-
nennnxon. Bex ouent cmen n cnonx saxnnennxx, on c nerxocrtm
onnnxer mycyntman n nenepnn n c raxo xe nerxocrtm enaer
saxnnennx, npornnopeuamne onoam paccyxa. Onnm ns npn-
mepon raxnx saxnnenn xnnxercx ]erna 1976r., n xoropo cxasa-

keh\m K\h_fm :eeZo gbdh]^Z g_ baf_gbl, - beb `_ \u ih g_\_^_gbx \ha\h^b-
l_ gZ :eeZoZ gZijZkebgm'` (2:80).
585
Xanc: Fente noyr n Pa na nxrtcor ner n nononnny nx pantme, uem
orarte.
243
no: Hex o rom, uro Connne nenonnxno
586
, a 3emnx nmeer
xpyrnym ]opmy xnnxercx npornnno n yxacno. Kro yrnepxa-
er, uro 3emnx npamaercx, a Connne nenonnxno, xnnxercx sa-
nymnm nenepntm. Ero cneyer npnsnart x noxaxnnm, a ecnn
orxaxercx, ro xasnnrt xax nenepnoro n nepoorcrynnnxa, a nmy-
mecrno xon]ncxonart n nontsy mycyntmancxo rocyapcrnen-
no xasnt (ar an-man an-mycnnmnn).
B 1402r. (1982r.) Bcemnpnax nayunax xomnccnx no ]er-
nam, npnstny n nacrannennxm n +p-Pnxe nsana pommpy me-
xa, re tnn copant nce ero onot n nontsy roro, uro 3emnx
naxonrcx n cocroxnnn noxox. Bor nexoropte ns nnx: <k_ kZ-
eZnu, b \ qZklghklb B[g L_cfby, B[g DZkkbj b B[g Ze-
DZcbf, _^bgh]eZkgh \ukdZaZebkv \ ihevam lh]h, qlh a_fey
g_ih^\b`gZ. Taxon ero nepnt ono. uro xe xacaercx crnnx
nsnoxennx, ro on onontno cna. Ho ontme ncero ynnnxer ro,
uro onn opamamrcx x Kopany n cynne.
Bex saxnnxn, uro n re rot, xora tn spxunm, nmen
uecrt nnuno nanmart nnxenne Connna n yenncx n rom, uro
neocno ne mapoopasnt, a xynonoopasnt n noepxnna-
ercx anrenamn
587
. Ecnn t Connne tno t nenonnxno, ro nam
ne tnn t neomt npemena roa, a npemx no ncex uacrxx cnera
tno t onnaxontm
588
.

586
3axnnenne mexa o rom, uro Connne nenonnxno eme onn ono n nontsy
roro, uro on xnner anexo or peann conpemenno xnsnn. Kpome roro, mex
enaer n pyrne neoymannte saxnnennx, onnnxx n nenepnn rex, xro rpax-
ryer oxecrnennte arpnyrt, uro xxot, no ero mnennm, neer x orpnnannm
+rnx arpnyron. uro xe xacaercx anno ]ernt, ro ee cmtcn n rom, urot
oxnnrt nenepntmn ncex rex, xro nepnr, uro 3emnx npamaercx noxpyr Conn-
na n noxpyr cnoe ocn. Ho annte ceronxmne nayxn nam xcno noxastnamr,
uro nce snest n nnanert nnxyrcx no cnonm opnram, npamenne nnaner no-
xpyr cnoe ocn xnnxercx npnunno cment nx n noun, a npamennx noxpyr
cnernna npnunno cment npemen roa.
587
Mt nam coneryem nsxrt xapanam, napnconart xaprnny, onnctnaemym
mexom, n nocmorpert, uro nonyunrcx.
588
Bor ero nropo ono, no, xax nam nsnecrno, npnunno nosnnxnonennx
npemen roa xnnxercx nmenno npamenne semnn noxpyr connna.
244
anee on n cnoe xnnre nnmer: Mnorne npenoanarenn
acrponomnn npnepxnnamrcx ne o rom, uro Connne neno-
nnxno, a 3emnx npamaercx noxpyr nero, +ro xnnoe nenepne n
sanyxenne. 3ro mnenne npornnopeunr Kopany, cynne n nt-
cxastnannxm cana]on. Kax ne moxer trt nenepntm uenonex,
npornnxmncx npnpoe neme? - n anee n xauecrne onoa on
nnmer: Ecnn t 3emnx npnmna n nnxenne, ro uenonex ocrancx
t na mecre n nnxya ne cmor t opartcx. Hpenoananne +ro
nn]opmannn yuamnmcx n cryenram npnnonr nx x esoxnm,
ceuac mnorne mycyntmane nauann npnsnanart +rn nen nayu-
ntm ]axrom.
Hpoonxax cnom aprymenrannm, on nnmer: Ecnn t,
xax onn yrnepxamr, 3emnx nnranact, ro nnrannct t n crpa-
nt, n epentx, n pexn, nce npnmno t n nnxenne. 3anante
crpant oxasannct t na nocroxe, a nocrounte na sanae, n axe
xnna cnnnynact t c mecra. Ecnn t 3emnx nnranact, ro nm-
n nouyncrnonann t +ro rax xe, xax onn uyncrnymr nnxenne
xopanx, camonera n pyrnx xpynntx nnon rpancnopra
589
.
Mycyntman, xoropte npnsnamr, uro semnx nmeer mapo-
opasnym ]opmy, mex onnnnn n rom, uro onn cneymr sa mne-
nnem nme, xenammnx nsnparnrt mycyntmancxym axty, or-
xastnamrcx ncnontsonart cno pasym n ynoonxmrcx esmosr-
ntm xnnorntm.
H, nonox nror, mex Hn Fas saxnnxer: uenonex, npn-
epxnnammncx mnennx o npamennn 3emnn, xnnxercx nenepntm
n sanymnm, on ne npnsnaer Kopan n cynny, ero cneyer npn-
snart x noxaxnnm. Ecnn xe on orxaxercx noxaxrtcx, ero cneyer
ynrt xax nenepnoro n nepoorcrynnnxa, a nmymecrno xon]ncxo-
nart n nontsy mycyntmancxo xasnt
590
.

589
O Annax, apy namemy pasymy ynepennocrt n noxo.
590
3ro xcnoe saxnnenne mexa. Mt ne crannm cnoe nentm ntncxnnanne
omnox yuentx, nac nosmymaer ror ]axr, uro on oxnnxer osnonenno
xpont mycyntman. Bet nx +roro cneyer onaart eccnopntmn anntmn,
nam xe rouno nsnecrno, uro mex xnnxercx xeprno manonernnx naxxanron.
Onn saunrtnamr emy orptnxn ns xnnr Cena an-Kyra, n na ocnone +roro on
245
Taxym uymt necyr mnorne naxxanrt, n uacrnocrn mex
Iaynxapnm nn Cannx an-Xamnn axe nanncan xnnry Xn-
axr an-xapan ]n macana a-aypan.
Houemy xe naxxanrt samnmamr nem o nenonnxnocrn
3emnn?
Baxxanrt n nenom cunramr, uro nce conpemennte nayxn
paspymamr mycyntmancxym axty. Hponema n rom, uro nex o
npamennn semnn ecrnnrentno paspymaer nx myxaccnmnr-
cxym axty, ocnonannym na npecrannennn o rom, uro Annax
naxonrcx n nee. Hmenno no+romy onn saxnnxmr, uro Hex o
npamennn 3emnn xyxe reopnn o nponcxoxennn uenonexa or
oestxnt. Mt naeemcx, uro +ra ]erna yer ronuxom nx mno-
rnx nme, urot onn nepecmorpenn cnon nsrnxt n nepecrann
cneonart sa naxxanramn.
N_l\Z h kimlgbdh\uo Zgl_ggZo
Cexra naxxanron ornnuaercx rem, uro nmnr onnnxrt
nme n nenepnn, sanpemart n pacnpeenxrt: xoro n Pa, a xoro
n A. Onn npaxent xo ncemy, uro nm neneomo. Hmenno no-
+romy onn cnemar sanpernrt nce nonoe. Pantme onn sanpemann
ncnontsonanne anromonne, renerpa]a, rene]ona
591
, ceronx
xe onn sanpemamr ncnontsonanne cnyrnnxontx anrenn.
Mt xornm npecrannrt namemy nnnmannm ]erny onoro
ns cnernn naxxansma, n xoropo on oxnnxer nenepntmn
rex, xro nontsyercx cnyrnnxontmn anrennamn.
Bonpoc: Fyer nn nnmen Pax ror, xro npn xnsnn nont-
sonancx cnyrnnxontmn anrennamn?
Orner: Ecnn na xoro-nno Annax nanoxnn ornercrnen-
nocrt sa pyrnx, a on nonen cnonx nooneuntx, ro Annax nn-
mnr +roro uenonexa Pax. 3ra ornercrnennocrt moxer trt nenn-
xo, moxer trt mano, x ne xe ornocnrcx ornercrnennocrt
myxunnt sa cnom cemtm. Hpopox (c.r.c.) no +romy nonoy n o-

nsaer ]ernt o sanpere ero xnnr n montt sa nero. Hmenno yuente amr na-
npannenne omecrnenno mtcnn.
591
Pnx Haxn ap-Panc. Pnxx ac-camym ac-Carynx na annxr an-xasnpa
ara xap an-xannx 1991-1994rr.. T.3. C. 202.
246
nom ns cnonx xancon cxasan: Myxunna nacryx cnoe cemtn n
ornercrnenen sa nee
592
. Hcxox ns +roro, ecnn xro-nno, ymn-
pax, ocrannxer n cnoem ome cnyrnnxonym anrenny, ror npeaer
cnom cemtm, on napymaer saner n yer nnmen Pax, xax o +rom
cxasano n xance. Bor raxnm opasom, +ror cment my]rn c
nerxocrtm nnmnn Pax mnornx mycyntman mnpa, raxoe omyme-
nne, uro xnmun or Pax n ero pyxax.
Bo-nepntx, uro on ornernr rem, xro xynnn cnyrnnxonym
anrenny, urot cmorpert mycyntmancxne nepeaun? Hnn orcne-
xnnart npemena monnrnt n Mexxe?
Bo-nroptx, ncnontsonanne cnyrnnxontx anrenn aer my-
cyntmanam ontme cnoot n samnre cex or ypnoro. On nepe-
craner cmorpert mecrnte pasnparnte nepeaun n samennr nx
mycyntmancxnmn, ro xe camoe yyr enart n ero ern.
B-rpertnx, uro on ornernr mycyntmanam, xnnymnm n sa-
nantx crpanax, n xenammnm, urot nx ern snann xstx Kopa-
na n cmorpenn mycyntmancxne nepeaun, mycyntmancxne nono-
crn?
C xaxo nerxocrtm +rn nmn enxr pyrnx na nepymmnx
n nenepntx. Kax nerxo onn pacnpeenxmr mecra n Pam, axe ne
nsyunn cyrn nonpoca. B uem xe pasnnna mexy xananom Apa-
car n pyrnmn xananamn, xoropte nyr no mecrnomy renenne-
nnm? A uro on cxaxer no nonoy +rnx xananon?
B-uerneprtx, onn camn, ne neax roro, nnaamr n nporn-
nopeune. Hx mexn saxnnxmr, uro rpemnnxn ne ocranyrcx n Ay
naneuno, nmenno n +rom onn pacxoxrcx c nanramn. Kax xe
onn moryr yrnepxart, uro uenonex, ncnontsymmn cnyrnnxo-
nym anrenny, ne noer n Pa? Pasne +ro ne xnnoe npornnopeune
n naxxanrcxom yuennn?
B-nxrtx, ncxox ns +ro ]ernt ncnontsonanne Hnrepne-
ra raxxe onxno trt sanpemenntm, net n Hnrepnere pasnpara
axe ontme, uem na cnyrnnxontx xananax.

592
Bor raxnm opasom naxxanrt nnrnpymr xanct Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), a sarem
enamr ntnot.
247
B-mecrtx, cornacno +ro ]erne cneyer sanpernrt rene-
]on n pyrne npncnoconennx n nncrpymenrt, net nmn moryr
ncnontsonart nx n ypntx nenxx.
B-cetmtx, xouy saxnnrt, uro na camom ene naxxanrt
axe ne snamr, npornn uero opmrcx. Bet cpecrna cnxsn no-
croxnno pasnnnamrcx n, nosmoxno, n cxopom npemenn moxno
yer npnnnmart cnyrnnxonte xanant, ne nmex cnennantno
anrennt. Ho+romy ne anrennt nyxno sanpemart, a nocnnrtnart
cnonx ere rax, urot onn cmorpenn cnyrnnxonte xanant ns-
nparentno n croponnnnct sanpernoro. Bet n mecxn pamasan
nam nnma roxe ocrynna, no mt xe nosepxnnaemcx or nee. a,
moxno noconeronart mycyntmanam saxonart cnon ronont n ne-
cox, no +ro yer cnnerentcrnom nonnoro nenexecrna ornocn-
rentno yxa Hcnama.
B-noctmtx, a, mycyntmannn yer npearenem cnoe
cemtn, no rontxo n rom cnyuae ecnn nocnnraer ee esnpancrnen-
no n npeocrannr e cpecrna, neymne x pasnpary n naennm.
Ha camom xe ene mexy cneonano t npnstnart mycyntman x
orooxsnennocrn, +ro onee nennoe orarcrno.
B-enxrtx, mexy cneonano t oxcnnrt, uro cnyrnn-
xonte anrennt +ro raxo xe nncrpymenr n raxoe cpecrno nn-
]opmannn, xax n pyrne. H nce sanncnr or roro, nocnontsyercx
nn nm uenonex no naro nnn xe no npe. Mycyntmanam xe cne-
yer xax moxno axrnnnee ncnontsonart +ro cpecrno nx pac-
npocrpanennx Hcnama.
B-ecxrtx, +ra ]erna cosana n omecrne raxo pesonanc,
uro axe nexoropte mycyntmane orxastnannct ntanart cnonx
ouepe samyx sa rex nme, xoropte nontsonannct cnyrnnxo-
ntmn anrennamn, a pyrne mycyntmane nsxnnct sa oxornnutn
pyxtx n nauann crpenxrt no nnm. Kro nm an npano noprnrt uy-
xoe nmymecrno? Taxont nnot pennrnosno cnenort.
3ra ]erna tna nsana my]rnem mexom Myxammaom
nn Cannxom an-Iycemnnom 25/3/1417r. (10/08/1996r.), a
28/3/1417r. (13/08/1996r.) on nocrannn no ne nonnct, uro
snaunno ero cornacne na pacnpocrpanenne n neuarn.
248
>\b`_gb_ \ fhebl\_
Bo npemx panonepeaun Hyp ranx a-ap (Cner na
nyrn) mexy Hn Fasy saann nonpoc o onycrnmocrn nsrnxa
na uact no npemx monnrnt. Mt ymann, uro mex ouent pasrne-
naercx ns-sa raxoro rnynoro nonpoca n nerxomtcnennoro orno-
mennx x monnrne, no npemx xoropo uenonex oxsan omartcx c
Annaxom, nnacrnrenem ncero cymero, n cnxsn c uem nnmnne
nnxennx no npemx monnrnt xnnxmrcx yxacntm nocrynxom. H
nac ouent ynnnn orner mexa: B +rom ner nnuero crpamnoro,
ecnn uenonex xouer ysnart npemx
593
. A pasne moxno cmorpert
na uact c xaxo-ro pyro nentm?
Taxon nsnpamennt naxxanrcxn ]nxx. Bsrnxnnre na
nmamon meuern an-Xapam, sayunnmnx Kopan nansycrt. Cxontxo
nnxenn onn conepmamr no npemx monnrnt? Onn repexr, nr-
pamr cnonm nnarxom, xoroptm onn samennnn uanmy, cnmnonn-
snponanmym npopouecxym cynny n npnsnannym nmn nnmt xax
uacrt napontx rpannn
594
. Ho pasne onn ne xnnxmrcx cana]n-
ramn? Kpome roro, no npemx monnrnt onn nosnonxmr cee nr-
part oexo, opoo, ycamn. Fonee roro, no npemx nouno
monnrnt mecxna pamasan 1418r. mt nnenn, xax onn ns nnx
cen, nx roro urot nonnrt xo]e, a ero ronenn tnn ntrxnyrt
nepe monxmnmncx.
Hocmorpnre, xax onn saxoxr n meuern n axe ne cnnma-
mr oynt, nx axe ne nonnyer, uro na xonpt nonaaer rpxst.
Onn nnmt saxnnxmr, uro npornpamr nonepxnocrt +ro oynn
(macx). a, no npemena Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) non meuern tn ycrnan
rantxo n menxnmn xamemxamn, no+romy nocemenne meuern n
oynn ne tno noncencom. Ceuac xe mt cnonmn rnasamn nn-
nm, xax +rn nmn cnoe rpxsno oyntm ronuyr xonpt n meue-

593
Kora nexoropte ]anarnunte nocneonarenn mexa ysnann o +ro ]er-
ne, ro ne nonepnnn cnonm ymam. Tora mt noconeronann nm camnm saart
+ror nonpoc mexy.
594
Onn ns npo]eccopon-naxxanron 21/11/1419r. (12/3/1999r.) no npemx ne-
peaun Bonpoct n ornert no nropomy cayncxomy xanany saxnnn: 3ror
nnarox nx nac npnxrnee, a ror, xro xenaer conmart cynny, nycrt nocnr
uanmy.
249
rn. A ecnn nt nm cenaere sameuanne, ro onn nocmemrcx n cxa-
xyr: Taxona cynna, oporo mex. Bor raxon on, naxxanr-
cxn ]nxx, cnxsannt c monnrno.
P_gZ `_gsbgu
Btme mt yxe ynomxnynn o rom, uro naxxanrcxn ]nxx
ornnuaercx rem, uro cnnmxom nonepxnocren. Eme onnm xpxnm
npnmepom +romy cnyxnr ]erna or 27 panryntannanx 1405r.
(21/12/1984r.), cornacno xoropo tn onpeenen maxp xenmnn.
Maxp encrnennnn tn ycranonnen n 50000 peanon, maxp xen-
mnnt, yxe tnme n paxe, no ne nmenme ere, tn ycranon-
nen n 35000 peanon, a maxp xenmnnt c ertmn tn ycranonnen
n 15000 peanon. Bor raxym, nonym nra, ntymann naxxanrt.
Onn onpeennnn, xaxne xenmnnt cxontxo croxr.
Bor ona nennocrt uenoneuecxo xnsnn. 3rn nmn ne
rontxo ne nonnmamr cmtcn maxpa, no axe saxonon mapnara.
Pasne maxp +ro nena, sa xoropym myxunna noxynaer xenmnny?
Pasne ncnamcxn mapnar xora-nno ycranannnnan neny xen-
mnn? Koneuno xe ner, cornacno mapnary, xenmnna +ro ec-
nennoe coxponnme, pan xoroporo myxunna axe xeprnyer cno-
e xnsntm. Maxp +ro cnmnon noxnnennx nonoro, uncroro, ne-
nopounoro cemenoro rnestmxa. B npornnnom cnyuae camtm
ontmnm maxpom onxen tn trt maxp, ntnnauennt sa out
Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) uartmy (p.A.r.).
Bor raxon nnrennexryantno-yxonnt yponent +rnx nm-
e.
<ZooZ[baf b hldjulb_ ihklu^guo f_kl (]ZmjZl)
Menx ynnnna eme ona naxxanrcxax ]erna. Bo npemx
ono ns nepeau Hyp ranx a-ap naxxanrcxn mex sa-
xnnn, uro myxunnam osnoneno oronxrt cnoe epo n npncyrcr-
nnn nocroponnnx n uro +ra uacrt rena ne ornocnrcx x nonxrnm
ranpar. B xauecrne onoa on npnnen cnyua, xora Hpopox
(c.r.c.) cnen oma n ero epo tno oroneno. a npocrnr menx
Annax.
Tora-ro x nonxn, nouemy naxxanrt naenamr nacrontxo
xoporxne mrannmxn, uro no npemx pyxyra nnna nx narora.
250
Ho raxon naxxanrcxn ]nxx, nouemy-ro onn orann
npenourenne nmenno +romy xancy, n ro npemx, xora Hpopox
(c.r.c.) xcno saxnnn: Fepo ranpar
595
; pasne nocne +roro xan-
ca moxno yrnepxart, uro epo ne xnnxercx ranparom? A uro
xe no +romy nonoy naxxanram ornernnn mycyntmancxne yue-
nte? An-Faxaxn no +romy nonoy nncan: B xance ynorpene-
no cnono onaxnnoct, no +ro ne snaunr, uro Hpopox (c.r.c.)
onaxnn cnoe epo npenamepenno. uro xe xacaercx nepnoro
xanca, n xoropom paccxastnaercx o rom, xax orxptnoct epo
Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), xora on npoesxan no ysxo ynnne, ro cnono
onaxnn moxer ornocnrtcx x saopy, sa xoropt saen Hpo-
pox (c.r.c.), npoesxax no +ro ysxo ynouxe, n n pesyntrare +roro
ero epo onaxnnoct. uro xe xacaercx epa, ro ontmnncrno
yuentx npnsnamr, uro ono xnnxercx ranparom. B onom ns pnna-
xron or Anaca coomaercx o rom, uro on cnen nanpornn Hpopo-
xa (c.r.c.), no ne ronopnrcx o rom, uro ero ronent tna orxpt-
ra
596
. Hmam ar-Taxann n Bapx marann an-acap, xommenrnpyx
xanc o rom, uro Hpopox (c.r.c.) cnen c nenpnxptrtm epom n
npncyrcrnnn Ay Faxpa n Iymapa, no npnxptn ero, xora nomen
Iycman, ro on nnmer: unent npopouecxo cemtn nepeann +ror
xanc concem no-pyromy
597
. Tam xe on npoonxaer: 3rn xa-
nct cnnerentcrnymr n nontsy roro, uro epo xnnxercx ranpa-
rom, n ner ocronepntx xancon, onponeprammnx +ro. Bce yue-
nte npnsnamr, uro epo xnnxercx ranparom, npn orxptrnn xo-
roporo monnrna noprnrcx, rax xe xax noprnrcx npn oronennn
pyrnx uacre rena
598
. Hmenno no+romy mycyntmancxne yuente
ouent crporo ornocxrcx x +romy nonpocy, a nmam Mannx axe

595
Xanc ocronepen, npnnonrcx y an-Fyxapn n Ar-Tapnx, a raxxe y ar-
Tnpmnsn, Ay aya, Axmaa, a-apnmn, Hn Ay Iactma, an-Xaxnma, ar-
Taapann, an-Faxaxn, a-apxyrnn, an-Xamnn, ar-Taxann n axe y an-
Anann.
596
An-Faxaxn. Ac-Cynan. 2/230, N3056.
597
Ar-Taxann. Bapx marann an-acap. 1/473.
598
Tam xe. 1/475.
251
saxnnn: cunram maxpyxom axe oronenne ronenn nepe cnoe
cocrnenno xeno
599
.
Kax nnnre, naxxanrt npenamepenno napymamr cnon
monnrnt, n mt nnuero c +rnm ne moxem noenart.
<ZooZ[blu jZaj_rbeb mihlj_[e_gb_ f_jl\_qbgu
Baxxanrt oxnnnn osnonenntm (xanxn) nx ynorpe-
nennx n nnmy mxco, nocrannxemoe ns xpncrnancxnx crpan. Onn,
nyremecrnyx no Enpone, axe ne saorxrcx o noncxe no-
nacroxmemy osnonennoro mxca. Kax tno cxasano ntme, nx
]nxx ouent nonepxnocrnt n ysxn, nm ocrarouno roro, uro
Annax n Kopane cxasan: IbsZ ex^_c IbkZgby ^ha\he_gZ \Zf
(5:5). Ho+romy onn es ncxxnx comnenn nocemamr Maxo-
nantct n npoune saneennx omennra. Pasne naxxanrcxnm
]axnxam nensnecrno, uro conpemennte xpncrnane nepe pasen-
xo ynnamr xnnornoe npn nomomn +nexrpnuecxoro roxa, nm
xaxercx, uro npocroe sannanne npnnocnr xnnornomy ont. Ho
re xe y naxxanron oxasarentcrno roro, uro mxco raxoro xn-
nornoro osnoneno n nnmy? A, moxer trt, meprneunna, xyn-
nennax y xpncrnan, xnnxercx osnonenno n nnmy?
Hsnecrno, uro enponecxne mycyntmane roxe nponsnoxr
mxco. Houemy xe naxxanrt ne noxynamr mxco y nnx? Hpone-
ma n rom, uro, c rouxn spennx naxxanron, enponecxne mycynt-
mane xnnxmrcx nno sanymnmn amapnramn (mxco ns pyx xoro-
ptx sanpernn Hn Temnx
600
), nno xstunnxamn-mnnramn.
a, +ro ecrnnrentno rax. Hecmorpx na ro uro mnnrt no
npemx xaxoro xaxa emoncrparnnno orpexamrcx or xstunn-
xon, necmorpx na ro uro onn oxnnnn nony camomy ontmomy
carane Amepnxe, necmorpx na ro uro onn ocrannxmr ecno-
xocrno Hspannm n araxymr ero c mra Hnnana, necmorpx na nce
+ro naxxanrt oxnnxmr nx xstunnxamn. Onn sanpemamr mn-
nrcxoe mxco n paspemamr ynnart +rnx nme. Bor, nanpnmep,
]erna onoro ns xpynntx naxxanrcxnx yuentx, unena xomnc-
cnn no ]ernam:

599
An-Kypryn. an-xamnr nn axxam an-Kypan, cypa an-Arpa], axr 26.
600
Kommenrapn ac-Caxxa]a x xnnre as-3axan An-Iynm, c. 78.
252
Bonpoc: Vnaxaemt mex Iaynna nn Iapaxman
an-xanpnn, mnp nam, mnnocrt n narocnonenne Annaxa. B
namem ropoe xnner pa]nnr, paorammn mxcnnxom
601
, x nemy
sa mxcom npnxoxr cynnnrt, pa]nnrt, a raxxe npexropa ne-
xoroptx pecropanon n xa]e. Kax mt onxnt ornocnrcx x +romy
uenonexy? osnoneno nn nx npnema n nnmy mxco xnnorntx,
sanrtx nm?
Orner: Mnp nam, mnnocrt n narocnonenne Annaxa.
Mxco xnnorntx, sanrtx pa]nnramn, xnnxercx sanperntm nx
npnema n nnmy, nocxontxy n ocnonnom nce pa]nnrt xnnxmrcx
xstunnxamn. Bo npemx rxror n rpynocre onn sa nomomtm o-
pamamrcx x Iann nn Ay Tanny. Bosmoxno, nt ne pas cntma-
nn, xax onn, naxoxct na Apa]are, Ca]e n Mapne, conepmax ra-
na], opamamrcx c montamn x ctnontxm Iann n cnonm nmamam.
3ro nacroxmee xstuecrno n nepoorcrynnnuecrno. Hx moxno a-
xe ynnart. Kpome roro, mt cntmann, xax onn npnnnctnamr
Iann (p.A.r.) arpnyrt, npncymne rontxo Annaxy. Onn nepoor-
crynnnxn (samertre, unen xomnccnn no ]ernam nyraer nae-
xn
602
), +rn nmn npenparnnn Iann n rocnoa, cosarenx, snam-
mero coxptroe n pacnopxxammerocx no ncenenno no cnoemy
ycmorpennm. 22/3/1412r. (1/10/1991r.).
Komnccnn no ]ernam, nosrnannxemo Hn Fasom, tn sa-
an noxoxn nonpoc: uro nt cxaxere no nonoy mxca xnnor-
ntx, sanrtx xstunnxamn, xnnymnmn n mycyntmancxnx crpa-
nax n no npnunne nenexecrna oxnnxmmnmn cex mycyntma-
namn? B ]erne N 1653 or 22/8/1397r. (8/8/1977r.) cxasano:
3ro mxco noono mxcy (ns pyx) xstunnxon, noxnonxnmnxcx
an-Hary, an-Iysse, Manary, Byy, Cynary, rycy, ryxy, Hacpy n
npounm oxecrnam. Ono sanperno nx nacroxmnx mycyntman,
nocxontxy xnnxercx meprneunno. Fonee roro, +rn nmn xyxe
xstunnxon, nocxontxy xnnxmrcx nepoorcrynnnxamn.

601
Baxxanrt ouent nmxr nastnart mnnron pa]nnramn, +ro enaercx no-
romy, uro re orxasannct npoxnnnart Iann (p.A.r.) c omexcxnx mnnapon.
602
B apacxom opnrnnane ]ernt ncnontsonana ]opma myprann, a onx-
no trt myprayn. n.n.
253
Bor nam n ]erna, cornacno xoropo mxco (ns pyx) mnnron
sanperno, a nx camnx moxno ynnart. 3ra ]erna ocnonana na
nxn, uro xxot mnnrt ooxecrnnxmr Iann. Hs +ro ]ernt mt
moxem cenart ntno o rom, uro raxnmn xe xstunnxamn xnnx-
mrcx n cynnnrt, n cy]nn
603
, n pyrne nenexecrnennte my-
cyntmane. Mxco xnnorntx, sanrtx +rnmn nmtmn, xnnxercx
sanperntm n nnmy. uro xe xacaercx mxca xnnorntx, sanrtx
xpncrnanamn, xoropte orxptro nponosrnamamr Hncyca ctnom
oxtnm
604
, ro ono, no mnennm naxxanron, osnoneno n nnmy.
Hocmorpnre, oporne partx, xamannrt ynorpenxmr n nnmy
mxco xnnorntx, sanrtx xpncrnanamn, n amr nm nosmoxnocrt
ncnontsonart cnon semnn n xauecrne nnanapma nx nanaennx
na mycyntman. Onn nnycrnnn xpncrnan na reppnropnm KCA, n
ro npemx xax Hpopox (c.r.c.) n onom ns cnonx xancon cxasan:
Hycrt na apanncxom nonyocrpone ne yer nyx pennrn
605
.
Taxont naxxanrt, cnemamne onnnxrt mycyntman n ne-
nepnn. Ha +rom ]one x xouy npnnecrn ntcxastnanne onoro ns
namnx yuentx mexa-moxaxea Carna nn Xan]aana an-
Xannnn
606
: Ocreperacx onnnxrt mycyntman, opamammnxcx
n cropony xnnt, n nenepnn n xstuecrne. Hosna ocnont, n xo-

603
Cynnnron naxxanrt ornocxr x sanymnm cy]nxm-xstunnxam, cm. xnnry
Ka]a na]xamy ar-ranxn? (Kax cneyer nonnmart ranxn?) Myxammaa
Axmaa Fammnnx (Hcnamcxn ynnnepcnrer, Henrp nponarant, KCA).
604
Mt xornm, urot namn onnonenrt ne nontsonannct nontmn cranap-
ramn. Ecnn mt nauann ncxyccnm o mnnrax n xpncrnanax, ro cneyer no-
mnnrt, uro nepnte nponsnocxr maxay, a raxxe ronopxr Fncmnnnx nepe
saoem xnnornoro, uro xe xacaercx enponecxnx xpncrnan, ro mnorne ns nnx
axe orpnnamr cymecrnonanne Cosarenx.
605
3ro tno onnm ns nocnennx sanemann Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) B raxom nne n
noxoxem nne ono npnnonrcx y Mannxa, Axmaa, ar-Taapann, Iapasaxa,
Hn Paxnnx, am-Banxann, an-Myrraxn an-Xnnn, an-Xacamn, as-3anxrn.
A-apxyrnn cxasan, uro +ror xanc ocronepen.
606
3ror uenonex nnec cno nxna n nsrnanne anrnnuan ns mycyntmancxnx
sement n noenan ox o ox c nmamom-maxnom Iasanom nn Kacom, xoropo-
ro nparn saxonann xnntem.
254
ropte onn nepxr. B npornnnom cnyuae rt moxemt npnnecrn x
nornenn n nx, n cex
607
.
ymam, uro y ynaxaemtx unrarene nocne +rnx cnon ne
ocranoct comnennx, uro naxxanrt xnnxmrcx neoxapnxnramn,
naenmnmn mycyntmancxne oext nx ocrnxennx cnonx
rnycntx nene, nx roro, urot orxptro noenart npornn my-
cyntman. Hx ornnunrentntmn uepramn xnnxmrcx neymepennocrt
]nxxa n nsnpamennocrt axtt, a raxxe ]ernt, paspemammne
ynnart nennnntx mycyntman.
Mobsj_gby jZ^b ij_ex[h^_ygby
Baxxanrt oxnnnn nony mnnrcxomy npemennomy
paxy myra, xoropt saxnmuaercx c oomnoro cornacnx oe-
nx cropon. Onn cunramr, uro +ror pax xnnxercx pacnyrcrnom,
no n ro xe npemx onn oxnnnn osnonenno nonym (nra)
]opmy paxa, xoropym nastnann sanax mnctxp (pax nyr-
nnxa)
608
. 3ror nn paxa orxptro nponarannpyercx n KCA, n
raserax n xypnanax nynnxymrcx coornercrnymmne ]ernt. B
uacrnocrn xypnan An-Iapanx, nsanaemt n +p-Pnxe, n 232
nomepe sa 1417r. (1997r.) no sarononxom Cnpamnnare y sna-
roxon onynnxonan ]erny Hn Fasa.
Cyrt +roro paxa saxnmuaercx n rom, uro myxunna n
xenmnna ncrynamr n otunt pax, no y nero ecrt cnon ornn-
unx:
no-nepntx, on conepmaercx rano;
no-nroptx, myxunna ne oxsyercx coepxart xenmnny;
n-rpertnx, myxunna ne oxsyercx y nee nouenart;

607
Tamxn xanarn an-nman. Hs. Bnsapar ar-rypac, Oman, r.1. C.
224.
608
K coxanennm, nx npnmepy nocneonan mex Rcy] an-Kapann. Hsnecrno,
uro on paccmarpnnaer +ror nn paxa xax cpecrno optt c xnnennem craptx
en, no moxer nn trt raxoe cpecrno onpananntm? B ro xe npemx nexoro-
pte naxxanrcxne yuente yxe orxasannct or cnonx ]ern no +romy nonoy. B
uacrnocrn mex Myxamma nn Cannx an-Iycemnn oxnnn +ror pax ne
coornercrnymmnm nopmam cnxmennoro mapnara, nosmoxno, nmenno no+romy
on tn ncxnmuen ns xomnccnn no ]ernam.
255
n-uerneprtx, uenonex, ornercrnennt sa xenmnny (oren,
par, xx, e n np.), npncyrcrnonart ne oxsant;
n-nxrtx, myxunna nmeer cxptroe namepenne pacroprnyrt
+ror pax n yymem
609
.
Mt xe no +romy nonoy xornm ormernrt, uro, no-nepntx,
rant pax moxer crart npnunno roro, uro nocne cmeprn
myxunnt ranax xena n ee ern cranyr rpeonart cnoe onn
nacnecrna, uro npnneer x xon]ponrannn mexy +rnmn cemtx-
mn. A ncnamcxn mapnar, naoopor, opercx c nmtmn nnamn
xon]ponrannn mexy mycyntmanamn n npnnnnaer nm parcxym
nmont pyr x pyry. C pyro cropont, ranoe nponeenne
+roro paxa yxe camo no cee, c rouxn spennx nexoroptx ]axn-
xon, xnnxercx npnunno, urot oxnnrt ero neecrnnrentntm
(Xamnx a-acyxn ranx mapx an-xanp, 2/236 237). B onom
ns xancon Hpopoxa c.r.c ronopnrcx o neoxonmocrn rnacnoro
saxnmuennx paxa: Ipannna mexy osnonenntm n sanperntm
snyx yna na cnate (npnnonrcx y an-Hacan, Hn Maxn n
Axmaa). Or Iamn (p.A.r.) nepeaercx xanc, n xoropom cxasa-
no: Oxnnxre nmxm o namem paxocouerannn n ere n
ynt (npnnonrcx y Hn Maxn). O rom xe camom coomaer-
cx n n pyrnx xancax, npnneenntx y Axmaa, ar-Tnpmnsn, Hn
Maxn n an-Hacan.
Kpome roro, nx ycranonnennx ornoncrna n cnyuae pasno-
a +ro napt ecrt neoxonmocrt, urot y cytn tna nn]op-
mannx o coxnrentcrne cynpyron, no +ro moxer trt nsnecrno
rontxo n cnyuae rnacnoro nponeennx opxa paxocouerannx.
Hmenno no+romy mannxnrt saxnnxmr: Ecnn cynpyrn oronapn-
namrcx co cnnerenxmn o rom, urot pax tn rantm, ro +ror
pax npnsnaercx neecrnnrentntm. Inacnoe nponeenne pa-
xocouerannx n mannxnrcxom ]nxxe oxsarentno (]aps)
610
.

609
Hs nonpocon, saanntx my]rnxm n Kynere, crano xcno, uro y +roro paxa
ecrt enxrt nnon, n naxxanrt axe ne conpamrcx xax-nno ynopxounnart
nnn orpannunnart +ror pax, nocxontxy +ro ne n nx nnrepecax. Mt xe n an-
no xnnre paccmorpnm nce napnanrt nopono.
610
An-Manann. ua an-xanp. T.1, xanc 1077.
256
B Kam] an-xa]a y an-Iaxnmnn npnnonrcx xanc N
422, n xoropom cxasano: Oxnnxre o nponeennn paxocoue-
rannx, npononre ero n meuerxx n conponoxare snyxamn y-
na, (npnnonrcx y ar-Tnpmnsn or Iamn). a, +ror xanc npn-
snan cnatm, no nocxontxy ecrt raxne xe xanct co crenentm
xacan n caxnx, ro n +ror xanc roxe nonnmaercx o nx yponnx.
Hpnmepom ocronepntx xancon cnyxnr pnnaxr Hn Maxn or
Hn Mannra, or Anaca, or Iamn n xnnre An-Han an-maxact
n pnnaxr Axmaa or Hn as-3yapa, cornacno xoropomy Hpopox
(c.r.c.) cxasan: Oxnnxre o nponeennn paxocouerannx; y
ac-Caxann npnnonrcx ononnenne x +romy xancy: no cxpt-
nare nomonnxy. B pyrom pnnaxre or Hn Xnana, Xaxnma,
ar-Taapann (saxnnn, uro xanc ocronepen), Ay Harnma, Hn
as-3yapa, a raxxe n pnnaxre ar-Taapann or Xnapa nn Acna-
a cxasano: Hpononre paxn rnacno n oxnnxre o nx npo-
neennn. B pnnaxre a-anamn or Vmmy Canama cxasano:
Hpononre paxocoueranne rnacno, a nomonnxy rano. Ar-
Tepmnsn, an-Hacan, Hn Maxa n an-Xaxnm nepeamr xanc or
Myxammaa nn Xarta Ipannna mexy osnonenntm n sa-
nperntm snyxn yna npn paxocouerannn.
Bo-nroptx, ncnonnennx ncex xnntx ycnonn paxa ne o-
crarouno, neoxonmo, urot tnn ycrpanent nce npnunnt,
enammne pax neecrnnrentntm. Hmenno no+romy yuente
saxnnnn, uro pax raxnnn
611
raxxe xnnxercx neecrnnrentntm
cm.: Maa ap-pna ]n an-ryxy, 2/1238, 1254. Fpax mnctxp
ouent noxox na ro, uro conepmamr nyen n xpncrnane, sanox-
mne, xpome xen, eme n nmonnnn. Annax n Kopane cxasan: : g_
jZkimlgbpZfb b lZcgufb \haex[e_ggufb; nexoropte my]ac-
cnpt cxasann, uro peut ner o xenmnnax, xoropte no npemena
nenexecrna sanonnn cee nmonnnxon. Hmenno no+romy Iymap

611
unxrnnnax ]opma paxa. Cornacno mapnary, myxunna, rpnxt oxnnn-
mn cnoe xene ]opmyny pasnoa, moxer xennrtcx na ne nnont rontxo no-
cne roro, xax ona nter samyx sa pyroro, n ror raxxe oxnnr e pasno.
Ecnn nropo pax xenmnnt saxnmuaercx nnmt nx roro, urot cenart os-
nonenntm ee nocneymmn pax c nepntm myxem, ro raxo ]nxrnnnt pax
nastnaercx raxnnn. n.n.
257
nn an-Xarra naxastnan cnonx noanntx sa conepmenne ra-
ntx paxon n ronopnn: Ecnn t +ro tno pantme, ro x noma-
nn t rex
612
. Tant pax ouent nanomnnaer xnnenne no-
xoxenn na cropone n no+romy npanenax xenmnna onxna
croponnrtcx ero.
B An-xamnr ac-cartp xananynna ac-Cymrt n nx-
rom rome npnnonrcx xanc, n xoropom cxasano: On (Hpopox
(c.r.c.)) ncntrtnan nenpnxsnt x rantm paxam o rex nop, noxa
pauymmnecx ne nnn n yen (npnnonrcx y ctna nmama Ax-
maa or Ay Xacana an-Masann n n Kans an-rymman y an-
Myrraxn an-Xnnn; ac-Cymrt saxnnn, uro +ror xopomn (xacan)
xanc).
B-rpertnx, ocnonno nentm, x xoropo crpemnrcx ncnam-
cxn mapnar, xnnxercx ycranonnenne cnpanennnocrn. Hmenno
no+romy nx rex, xro ne cnocoen trt cnpanennntm mexy
xenamn, Annax an coner: ?keb `_ \u hiZkZ_l_kv, qlh g_
kfh`_l_ aZ[hlblvky h gbo h^bgZdh\h, lh `_gbl_kv gZ h^-
ghc (4:3). B cynne Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) no nonoy necnpanennnoc-
rn mexy xenamn cxasano: Kro tn xenar na nyx xenmnnax n
tn necnpanennntm mexy nnmn, ror n Cynt ent noccra-
ner nnmt nononnno cnoero rena (npnnonrcx y ar-Tnpmnsn, n
an-Xaxnma, xoropt cxasan: Xanc ocronepen n coornercrnyer
rpeonannxm oonx mexon, raxoro xe mnennx npnepxnnancx
n as-3axan, 2/186). uro xacaercx axra: ?keb `_ \u hiZkZ_-
l_kv, qlh g_ kfh`_l_ aZ[hlblvky h gbo h^bgZdh\h, lh `_-
gbl_kv gZ h^ghc, ro peut ner o pannom pacnpeenennn mare-
pnantntx cpecrn n npemenn mexy ncemn xenamn, n npornn-
nom cnyuae myx yer necnpanennn, a, xax nsnecrno, necnpa-
nennnocrt sanpemena mapnarom, cm.: Faanr ac-cananr,
3/1548. Annax Bcentmnn, noxcnxx npana xen, cxasan: @_g-
sbgu bf_xl [ih hlghr_gbx d fm`vyf] lZdb_ `_ ijZ\Z, dZd
b h[yaZgghklb (2:228), cynna Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) xcno xommenrn-

612
Hmam Mannx an-Mynarra, rnana o ranom paxe, nmam am-Ba]nrn
Mycna, r. 2, xanc N 23, Kans an-rymman an-Myrraxn an-Xnnn, r. 14,
Tant pax, Han an-anrpa am-Banxann, r. 6, rnana o paxe.
258
pyer +ror axr: Bt nmeere npana n ornomennn cnonx xen, n onn
nmemr npana n ornomennn nac. Hx npana n ornomennn nac sa-
xnmuamrcx n opom ornomennn, xoropoe npoxnnxercx n oec-
neuennn oexo n nnme (npnnonrcx y Hn Maxn n ar-
Tnpmnsn, xoropt xapaxrepnsonan +ror xanc xax xacan-caxnx).
Kpome roro, cornacno saxonam mapnara, xena nmeer npano na ro,
urot myx nouenan y nee. Hpn napymennn xe ycnonn paxa on
cunraercx neecrnnrentntm.
B-uerneprtx, orxas xene n nponeennn y nee noun ony-
cxaercx rontxo nnmt n rom cnyuae, xora myx xenaer naxasart
cnom xeny sa xaxo-nno neosnonennt npocrynox, ro ecrt n
nocnnrarentntx nenxx. Ie xe omnxa, n saxonax Annaxa nnn n
saxonax naxxanron?
B-nxrtx, xnnte n oecneuenne xnnxmrcx neoremnemt-
mn npanamn xenmnnt. Annax n Kopane cxasan: : hl_p j_[_g-
dZ, kh]eZkgh h[uqZx, h[_ki_qb\Z_l ijhiblZgb_ b h^_`^m fZ-
l_jb (2:233), Imklv h[eZ^Zxsbc ^hklZldhf mieZqb\Z_l
kh]eZkgh k\h_fm ^hklZldm (65:7), Ihk_eycl_ bo lZf, ]^_ \u
kZfb ihk_ebebkv ih \Zr_fm ^hklZldm (65:6), a n ornomennn
pasneenntx xen mapnar nonenenaer: G_ \u]hgycl_ [jZa\_-
^_gguo `_g] ba bo `bebs, b imklv hgb hklZxlky lZf, _keb
lhevdh g_ kh\_jrZl y\gmx f_jahklv. LZdh\u mklZgh\e_gby
:eeZoZ. Dlh ij_klmibl mklZgh\e_gby :eeZoZ, lhl kh\_jrbl
g_q_klb_ \h \j_^ k_[_ (65:1). Kax nnnre, Annax pasnnuntmn
]pasamn aer nonxrt, uro xenmnna nmeer npano na xnnte n
oecneuenne, n +ro npano xnnxercx pamxamn, ycranonnenntmn
Annaxom, a npecrynnnmn +rn npannna necnpanennn, n nepnym
ouepet, no ornomennm x cee. Hmenno no+romy ]axnxn cxasa-
nn, uro neoremnemtmn ycnonnxmn paunoro oronopa xnnxmr-
cx nnrnmnte ornomennx, nouenxa, oecneuenne, maxp n npouee,
n orxas or onoro ns +rnx ycnonn enaer pax neecrnnrent-
ntm
613
.

613
An-Manpnn. An-Xann. 9/503, 9/509, 2/508; an-Kacann. an-Faanr.
3/1544.
259
B-mecrtx, uro xacaercx cnnerentcrn o Cane nnr 3am-
ra, Xannn nnr Myxamma nn Macnama, ronopxmnx o rom, uro
onn no cnoemy xenannm ycrynnnn cnoe npano na nouenxy, ro +ro
yxe tno no npemx paxa, a ne o nero. An-Fyxapn nepeaer, uro
Iama (p.A.r.), xommenrnpyx axr ?keb `_gsbgZ hiZkZ_lky,
qlh fm` [m^_l ^mjgh h[jZsZlvky k g_c beb ba[_]Zlv (4:128),
cxasana: Ecnn myx cran pannoymen x xene n xenaer pasnec-
rnct c ne, ro ona moxer cxasart emy: ycrynam ree uacrt
monx npan, nor no +romy nonoy n tn nncnocnan +ror axr.
Hn xapnp nepeaer, uro xora nexro cnpocnn y Iymapa
(p.A.r.) o cmtcne +roro axra, ro on pasrnenancx n yapnn +roro
uenonexa. Kora pyro uenonex cnpocnn y Iymapa (p.A.r.) o rom
xe, on ornernn: Xopomo, cnpamnnare o +rom. B +rom axre
ner peut o myxunne, xena xoroporo nocrapena n yxe ne moxer
poxart. Tora on xennrcx na pyro, cnocono poxart ere, a
c nepno xeno onn cocrannxmr ocot oronop. Onaxo nce
+rn pnnaxrt ne cnnerentcrnymr n nontsy roro, uro ycnonnx
moxno crannrt o saxnmuennx oronopa, sect ecrt pasnnna:
1) no ncex nepeuncnenntx cnyuaxx orxas or cnonx npan
nponcxonn yxe no npemx paxa, a ne o ero saxnmuennx. Onn
cxasann, uro ecrt pasnnna mexy ycranonnennem ycnonn, npo-
rnnopeuamnx mapnary, o saxnmuennx paxa n orxasom xenmn-
nt or cnonx npan nocne ero saxnmuennx. Hocne roro xax pax
saxnmuen, xenmnna nmeer npano noome orxasartcx or ncex
cnonx npan nnn or nx uacrn. To xe camoe xacaercx maxpa, pax,
re ornepraercx ntnnara maxpa, cunraercx neecrnnrentntm,
no xenmnna moxer orxasartcx or maxpa nocne ero saxnmuennx;
2) n nepeuncnenntx cnyuaxx peut ner o craptx xenmn-
nax, a n namem cnyuae o rom, uro myxunna namen cee pyrym.
B-cetmtx, no mnennm ontmnncrna yuentx, orcyrcrnne
noneunrenx nenecrt, enaer pax neecrnnrentntm. B Kopane
cxasano: G_ ij_iylkl\mcl_ bf \klmiZlv \ [jZd (2:232), a
Hpopox (c.r.c.) n onom ns xancon cxasan: Her paxa, xpome
260
xax c noneunrenem
614
, ro ecrt peut ner o neecrnnrentnocrn
raxoro paxa. Ha +ro yxastnaer xanc or Iamn (p.A.r.): Ecnn
xenmnna ncrynnna n pax es paspemennx noneunrenx, ro ee
pax neecrnnrenen, neecrnnrenen, neecrnnrenen.
615
A,
xax nsnecrno, pax mnctxp ornnuaercx rem, uro moxer nponcxo-
nrt es noneunrenx.
B-noctmtx, Annax Bcentmnn n Kopane cxasan: Ba
agZf_gbc ?]h lh, qlh Hg khl\hjbe ba \Zk kZfbo `_g ^ey \Zk,
qlh[u \u gZoh^beb mkihdh_gb_ \ gbo, b mqj_^be ex[h\v b [\aZ-
bfgmx] [eZ]hkdehgghklv f_`^m \Zfb. <hbklbgm, \h \k_f wlhf
ykgu_ agZf_gby ^ey ex^_c, dhlhju_ jZafureyxl (30:21). A
pasne moxer trt ycnoxoenne n npounocrt n rom, uro uenonex
nsnauantno conpaercx paspymnrt? Pasne moxer trt nmont n
mnnocepne n paxe, xoropt crannr coom nent nnmt ncnont-
sonart xenmnny? Kaxo nerxn nyrt nx onnaennx xenmnno
n yonnernopennx cnoe noxorn namnn +rn nmn, nastnammne
noonoe cocroxnne paxom!
B-enxrtx, nanonee nenanncrntm nx Annaxa ns osno-
nenntx exnn xnnxercx pasno
616
. Pasno +ro cpecrno npe-
xpamennx paxa n rom cnyuae, ecnn nce nontrxn ero coxpannrt
ne ann nnxaxnx nnoon. uro xe xacaercx paxa mnctxp, ro on
nsnauantno ocnonan na pasnoe, nror ncera nsnauantno nsnec-
ren. 3rn nmn nnmt xenamr nacnanrtcx xenmnno. Pasne no-
onoe ncnontsonanne pasnoa onycxaercx mapnarom?
B-ecxrtx, pax mnctxp xnnxercx omanom nx xenmn-
nt, meuramme o cuacrnnno cynpyxecxo xnsnn n none mapn-
arcxoro paxa. Myx, saxnmuammn noont pax, npename-
penno omantnaer xeny, net emy saneomo nsnecren xonen +ro-
ro paxa n ero cpox. Ho ne satnare, uro Hpopox (c.r.c.) n o-

614
Hpnnonrcx y Axmaa n cocrannrene Ac-Cynan. B nontsy ocronepno-
crn +roro xanca ntcxasannct Hn an-Mannn n ar-Tepmnsn.
615
Hpnnonrcx y Axmaa, y ncex cocrannrene Ac-Cynan, xpome an-Hacan.
B nontsy ocronepnocrn +roro xanca ntcxasannct ar-Tepmnsn, Ay Ianana,
Hn Xnan n an-Xaxnm.
616
B ocnone +roro, xoneuno xe, nexnr cnat xanc, no rexcrt mapnara no-
rnepxamr +ro yrnepxenne.
261
nom ns cnonx xancon cxasan: Kro omantnaer, ror ne ns moe
ymmt
617
.
B-onnnanartx, myx n +rom paxe ne rontxo omantna-
er xeny, on ncnontsyer ee, a sarem ntpactnaer, rax xe xax nonx
ntpactnaer otuy, xoropo yxe nactrnncx, n nepexonr x
pyro.
B-nenanartx, pax mnctxp pocaer rent na otunt
pax, npenncannt mapnarom. Bet pax +ro cnxmennt co-
ms, n xoropom xenmnna xnner no oxpano n saoro myxun-
nt, a pax mnctxp npenpamaer +ro nonxrne n nrpymxy. Fpax mn-
ctxp ncxopenxer ynaxenne xent x myxy, ere x orny, net onn
ntnyxent trt nacropoxe n ne onepxrt myxy n orny, xoro-
pt n nmym mnnyry moxer nx pocnrt. 3ror pax npenpamaer
xenmnny n cexcyantnym nrpymxy myxunnt, on anex or rex
nosntmenntx nonxrn, nnoxenntx n pax cnxmenntm ncnam-
cxnm mapnarom.
B-rpnnanartx, necmorpx na ro uro pax raxnnn coep-
xnr nce nonoxennte ycnonnx (maxp, cnnerenn, rnacnocrt), Hc-
nam ero sanpemaer, noromy uro on nmeer onpeenennt cpox.
Myxunny, cornacnnmerocx na raxo pax, Hpopox (c.r.c.) nasnan
xosnom, nsxrtm n apeny. Hmenno no+romy nanonee ymnte
]axnxn saxnnnn, uro nmo pax, orpannuennt xaxnm-nno
nepnoom npemenn, xnnxercx neecrnnrentntm
618
.
B-uertpnanartx, pax mnctxp +ro nsoperenne xnrpo-
crn nx roro, urot oorn saxont, ycranonnennte Annaxom,
+ro meronxa nyeen, paccrannxnmnx cnon cern n nxrnnny n nt-
nnmanmnx n noneentnnx, noromy uro Annax sanpernn nm no-
nnrt pty n cyory. Kax nnnre, naxxanrt cneymr npnmepy
nyeen ne rontxo n axte, no axe n n ]nxxe. Ho ne ynnnx-
rect +romy, net nx cexra tna cosana xax pas nx roro, urot
ncxasnrt n ncxopennrt nacroxmn, uncrt Hcnam. Hx axta

617
Ac-Caxnx Mycnnma.
618
Bex Kapa arn, npo]eccop Karapcxoro ynnnepcnrera, no npemx nepeaun
Bapnar n xnsnt no xanany an-xasnpa, orneuax mexy an-Kapann, sa-
xnnn, uro pax mnctxp xnnxercx sanpemenntm, cm. apxnn cara xanana an-
xasnpa.
262
saxnnxer: O nmn, nopyre, npenmoecrnyre, ntxncrnyre,
no rontxo ne satnare ronopnrt Her oxecrna, xpome Anna-
xa, rora nt, nxycnn neontmoe naxasanne, nce panno noere n
Pa. Pasne onn ne unrann, uro Annax cxasan: : lh]h, dlh hk-
emrZ_lky :eeZoZ b ?]h ihkeZggbdZ b ij_klmibl ?]h aZdhgu,
Hg \\_j]g_l \ Z^kdbc h]hgv. <_qgh lhl \ g_f ij_[m^_l, b m]h-
lh\Zgh _fm mgbabl_evgh_ gZdZaZgb_ (4:14). Onaxo necmorpx
na +ro onn nsoperamr nce nonte n nonte nyrn, urot nepexn-
rpnrt Annaxa n napymnrt Ero sanpert.
B-nxrnanartx, +rn nmn ne nonnmamr cyrn mycyntman-
cxoro paxa. Onn ymamr, uro mapnar npenncan pax rontxo
nx roro, urot myxunna yonnernopxn cnon nononte norpe-
nocrn, a, nactrnnmnct ono xenmnno, ntpactnan ee n or-
npannxncx x pyro. Ha camom xe ene mycyntmancxn pax
+ro cnxmennt coms mexy myxunno n xenmnno, cosannt
na ocnone nmnn, ynaxennx n ycnoxoennx. Ero nent cosanne
npaneno cemtn, poxenne n nocnnranne npanentx ere.
Coornercrnyer nn naxxanrcxn pax +rnm ycnonnxm n rpeona-
nnxm?
B-mecrnanartx, a, mt cunraem, uro pax myrra tn
ormenen (mancyx), no necmorpx na +ro, no namemy mnennm, on n
rtcxuy pas nyume, uem naxxanrcxn pax mnctxp. Bo npemx sa-
xnmuennx paxa myrra xenmnna snaer, uro on saxnmuaercx
rontxo na npemx, n ncrynaer n nero ocosnanno n no cnoemy xe-
nannm. uro xe xacaercx naxxanrcxoro paxa mnctxp, ro +ro
npearentcrno xenmnnt, ne noospenamme o rnycntx samtc-
nax myxunnt. Ona, ncrynax n pax, naeercx, uro opena naex-
noro cnyrnnxa xnsnn, no n onn npexpacnt ent, noono pac-
xary rpoma nposnyunr cnono pasno. A ona axe ne noospe-
naer o npnunne pasnoa, net ona ne conepmnna nnxaxoro npo-
crynxa.
B-cemnanartx, pax mnctxp nn n xoem cnyuae ne xnnxer-
cx pemennem nonpoca o craptx enax, naoopor, on cosaer n
omecrne nce nonte n nonte nponemt, cnxsannte c ertmn,
nacneonannem n np. Crarncrnuecxn onpoc xenmnn Kynera
noxasan, uro onn ne cunramr +ror pax nosmoxnocrtm paspe-
263
mnrt ynomxnyrym nponemy. Pemennem nponemt craptx
en moxer trt rontxo ycrpanenne pasnnuntx nannonantno-
nnemenntx crepeornnon, opta c pocxomtm n pacrounrentcr-
nom, ymentmenne cymmt maxpa, ecrecrnenno, no xonrponem
rocyapcrna.
Bapnar ouent nerxo pemnn nponemy craptx en, on
npenncan otunt, a nx xenammnx nonnramnt (o uert-
pex xen) pax. Hpopouecxax cynna cama npennctnaer nam no
mepe nosmoxnocrn ymentmart cymmy maxpa n ne noxonrt na
nyeen n xpncrnan, sanoxmnx cee nmonnnn, ne nmemmnx
npana nn na coepxanne, nn na nouner. Hrax, pax mnctxp +ro
nopnnaemax nra, +ro rpex, xoropt nonecyr naxxanrt n nce,
xro yer ero npaxrnxonart.
B-nocemnanartx, +rn naxxanrt-xamannrt saxnnxmr,
uro xnnxmrcx cana]nramn, no re xe nx cana]nsm? Pasne n cyn-
ne Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) ecrt xanct, coomammne o paxe mnctxp?
axe onn ns nx yuentx Hn Kyama (6/551), ynomnnax o paxe
c nenntmn n nountmn xenamn, yxastnaer, uro myx oxsan
trt y onnx nem, a y pyrnx noutm. Ho, cctnaxct na an-
Mapnnsn, nepeammero or Axmaa nn Xanana, ronopnr, uro
raxo pax ne npenncan Hcnamom. Kpome +roro, Hn Kyama
coomaer o rom, uro rant pax sanpemen, nocxontxy on npo-
rnnopeunr ycnonnxm mycyntmancxoro paxa. To xe camoe mt
nnnm n n ma]nrnrcxom masxae.
Hacroxmn mycyntmancxn pax +ro ne myrra, ne npe-
mennt, ne raxnnn, ne mnctxp, +ro pax cornacno Foxtemy sa-
xony n cynne Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), c conmennem ncex ycnonn n
rpeonann. Kro conmaer nce +rn rpeonannx n ycnonnx, romy
nosnoneno xennrtcx na nyx, rpex n uertpex xenmnnax. Ecnn
xe on ne cnocoen conmcrn nce ycnonnx n trt cnpanennntm,
ro nmeer npano xennrtcx rontxo na ono, n emy npenncan
nocr.
Baxxanrt nonnmamr pennrnm ouent nonepxnocrno n
npnmnrnnno, no n +rom ner nnuero ynnnrentnoro, net Annax o
nnx n Kopane cxasan: ;_^mbgu mihjg_crb_ \ g_\_jbb b ebp_-
f_jbb b gZb[he__ kdehggu_ g_ ijbgbfZlv ij_^ibkZgbc, gbkihk-
264
eZgguo :eeZohf K\h_fm IhkeZggbdm. <_^v :eeZo agZxsbc,
fm^juc (9:97), +rn nmn nsnpamamr nonxrnx, ne npncnymnna-
mrcx x nacrannennxm, nosopxr Hcnam n mapnar, onn unramr Ko-
pan, no on ne nonnmaercx ntme nx ropna.
B-enxrnanartx, xnrenn Hexa nsnecrnt cnoe rn-
nepcexcyantnocrtm, cexc +ro enncrnennax rema pasronopon
na nx copannxx
619
. Onaxo onn oxrcx cnonx xen n no+romy
nnxora ne epyr nn nropym, nn, rem onee, rpertm nnn uernep-
rym. Hmenno no+romy onn nsopenn nont nn paxa, nasnan-
nt mnctxp. Bex ]axnx Hyx an-Kya, nocon Hopannn n Hpa-
ne, nastnan +ror pax paxom rpycon, n yuente, ntcrynam-
mne sa ero paspemennocrt, axe tnn ntnyxent cornacnrtcx
c +rnm.
a, +ro pax rpycon, nocxontxy n nem myxunna ne eper
na cex ornercrnennocrt sa cnom cemtm, a net Annax n Kopane
cxasan: Fm`vy - ihi_qbl_eb [k\hbo] `_g (4:34), a +rn nmn
ynnuroxnnn nonxrne noneunrentcrna, pan yonnernopennx
cnonx nomntx nene.
Fpax mnctxp ecrt ynnxenne xenmnnt n ouent xcno no-
xastnaer, xem na camom ene xnnxmrcx naxxanrt. Cxontxo
cnomanntx ennutnx xnsne ocraercx nocne +rnx xnmnnxon!
Pasne nocne +roro xenmnnt cmoryr onepxrt myxunnam?
Mne ononpemenno cranonnrcx n cmemno, n rpycrno,
xora x ncnomnnam cnyua, nponsomemn n Enpone. Onn ns
naxxanron naxonncx n ono ns enponecxnx crpan, emy tno
rpyno cepxnnart cnom noxort, n n cnxsn c +rnm on saxnnn:
anare ynnuroxnm
620
nce nyecxne n xpncrnancxne ropoa.
Onennre ry npnunny, ns-sa xoropo on xenaer ynnuroxnrt xpn-
crnancxo-nyecxym nnnnnnsannm. Pasne emy nensnecrno, uro
Hcnam npnmen xax mnnocrt nx mnpon? Pasne emy nensnecrno,
uro nent Hcnama ocnooxenne uenoneuecrna ns mnpcxo

619
Hsyuenne ptnxa CMH n KCA noxasano, uro ontmnncrno spnrene xanana
LBC cocrannxmr monote naxxanrt; xomnannn, neymne cno nsnec n
+ro onacrn, axe orxasannct or cnoe pexnamt, nocxontxy n ne ner neo-
xonmocrn.
620
Bnnmo, +ro nont cnoco pacnpocrpanennx Hcnama.
265
rmptmt n yxasanne emy nyrn x npocropam oonx mnpon? Kaxym
xe pennrnm xorxr npecrannrt nnnmannm nme +rn cnacnre-
nn uenoneuecrna? xnxaom +rnx nme xnnxercx nona, ynnu-
roxenne mycyntman, +ro nx nnx axe naxnee, uem nona npo-
rnn nyeen n xpncrnan. uro xe xacaercx nx xnxaa n mnpnoe
npemx, ro on saxnmuaercx n samacxnponannom npenmoexnnn,
a coxpannr nac Annax or +roro!
Boncrnny, naxxanrcxn nsrnx na nce +rn nonpoct
ouent ysox n nonepxnocren. axe ecnn mt, ocrannn nperensnn
mapnara, oparnmcx x nonpocy o pasnoe c uncro marepnantno
rouxn spennx, ro snare, uro n enponecxnx crpanax nocnecr-
nnx pasnoa onee rxxente nx myxunnt, uem n mycyntman-
cxnx. Ecnn pasneennax xena enponena ne nter samyx, ro on
yer oxsan oecneunnart ee o xonna xnsnn. Hmenno no+romy
onn oramr npenourennx rpaxancxnm paxam, xenmnna n ee
nmonnnx xnnyr n poxamr ere es paxa. Hy, rocnoa naxxa-
nrt, nouemy xe nt ne saxnmuaere paxn c nyexamn n xpnc-
rnanxamn n Enpone n Amepnxe? Hacxontxo xe nsnpameno name
omecrno!
Vnaxaemt unrarent, nor nt n osnaxomnnnct c naxxa-
nrcxnm ]nxxom n axto. Bt osnaxomnnnct c yexennxmn
rex nme, y Fora xoroptx ecrt pyxn, norn n pyrne oprant, xo-
ropt cmeercx n cemennr npn ere, On cnnr na rpone n ocran-
nxer c xpaemxy paccroxnne n uertpe nantna, urot n Cynt
ent nocanrt pxom c coo npopoxa Myxammaa (c.r.c.) Fonee
roro, On axe cnnr n orne, n oxpyxennn arenon. 3rn nmn
cntmar cnona, no ne nonnmamr nx cmtcna. Hm npnmnoct nsart
]erny o rom, uro semnx nnocxax, a neeca xynon, nosnnrnyrt
na ne, net n npornnnom cnyuae nx nx oxecrna, nocceam-
mero nanepxy, ne ocraercx mecra. A mycyntmannn, ne npnsnam-
mn +ry ]erny, onxen trt ynr. O Annax, uncr Tt, Tt npe-
ntme ncero +roro, ner nnuero noonoro Tee, Tt ne orpannuen
npocrpancrnom, n pasym ne n cocroxnnn Tex nocrnut.
Mycyntmannn oxsan trt nenpnmnpnmtm c nparamn
Hcnama. On onxen ncnyx saxnnrt o onacnocrn. Hmenno no-
+romy mt npnstnaem oprannsannn no npanam uenonexa n no
266
npanam xenmnnt oparnrt nnnmanne na +ror pax (mnctxp). Mt
npnstnaem nx nmecre c namn art ornop +rnm npenmoexm,
oxnnxmmnm cex mycyntmanamn. 3ro nonxn n oneute mxype.
Ha nx xstxax nocroxnno axrt Kopana, no nx cepna anexn or
ero nonnmannx. Kpeo +ro cert onnnenne mycyntman n ne-
nepnn n ynnuroxenne. 3rn nmn c ropocrtm saxnnxmr o rom,
xax ynnann mycyntman Xnxasa n oxnnnn osnonenno
xpont mycyntman Hpaxa, axe rora, xora re conepmamr mo-
nnrny
621
.
Ijhqlbl_ b aZ^mfZcl_kv!
Hpopox (c.r.c.) n onom ns cnonx xancon cxasan: Fnnxe
x Cynomy nm noxnnrcx rpynna nme c fheh^ufb am[Zfb,
rnyntmn nexmn, ijhbaghkysb_ emqrb_ j_qb, onaxo onn y-
yr noxnart Hcnam rax xe tcrpo, xax noxnaer crpena rernny
nyxa, bo \_jZ g_ ih^gbf_lky \ur_ ]hjeZ. Ecnn nt nx ncrpe-
rnre, ro nenpemenno yere, ror, xro yter nx, nonyunr narpay
or Annaxa n Cynt ent (nepean an-Fyxapn).
B pyrom xance cxasano: Hs moe ymmt ntyr nmn c
ypntmn exnnxmn, onn yyr unrart Kopan, onaxo on ne no-
nnmercx ntme nx ropna. sn cxasan: Hpopox (c.r.c.): Bt y-
ere cunrart, uro namn exnnx nycrxx n cpannennn c nx exnnx-
mn, onaxo onn yyr ynnart mycyntman. Ho+romy ecnn onn
noxnxrcx, ro ynnare nx, ecnn onn noxnxrcx nnont, ynnare
nx, ecnn onn noxnxrcx nnont, ynnare nx. Kax npexpacnt re,
xro nx ynnaer n nornaer or nx pyx. Kaxt pas, xora yer
ntpacrart +ror por, Annax yer ero opyart. 3rn cnona Hpo-
pox (c.r.c.) nonropnn onee nanarn pas, a x croxn n cnyman.
Hepean Axma.
DZd klZlv \ZooZ[blhf?
Hnxe x xouy npnnecrn carnpnuecxym crartm namero
para, nasnanmerocx Ay Mannxom
622
. 3ra crartx tna onynn-

621
uerna tn nsana my]rnem Hn Fasom.
622
3ro onn ns parten-amapnron, c xoroptmn mne nocuacrnnnnnoct nosna-
xomnrtcx n Hnrepnere, nosnee x c ncrpernncx c nnmn nnuno.
267
xonana n Hnrepnere 22/11/98r., ona ouent xnno n xpacouno aer
npecrannenne o ncenocana]nrax.
Hocnxmaercx xaxomy pary n xaxo cecrpe, xenam-
mnm npncoennnrtcx x naxxanram. B name crarte mt paccxa-
xem nam, xax npannntno ncnonnxrt monnrny no-naxxanrcxn.
Ecnn nt xornre trt ncrnnntm naxxanrom, ro onxnt osna-
xomnrtcx c +ro crarte. Kora yer nponsnecen xamar
623
na
monnrny, rt oxsan sanxrt mecro n nepnom pxy, xenarentno
npxmo nosan nmama. Kora rt ncranemt nosan nero, ree cne-
yer ntramnrt ns xapmana mncnax
624
nnno n nonmerpa, nnmc
mnnyc necxontxo canrnmerpon ne nmeer snauennx. Hocne +roro
ree, nonopaunnaxct ns cropont n cropony, urot ncem tno
xopomo nnno, cneyer nauart uncrnrt syt. He satna, rt
npnmep nopaxannx, nce onxnt snart npopouecxym cynny. Ec-
nn no npemx uncrxn syon no pry oxasannct xycouxn nnmn, sacr-
pxnmne mexy syamn, ro nnuero crpamnoro, npornorn nx. axe
ecnn rnon ecnt naunyr xponorounrt, ro n +rom ner nnuero
crpamnoro, ontmnncrno yuentx +ro onycxamr, rem onee uro
o +rom nnmer mex Canaynn Ay xanmay. He opama
nnnmannx na rex, xro ronopnr, uro +roro ne nyxno enart neno-
cpecrnenno nepe monnrno, +rn nmn nnuero ne snamr, onn
myranrn, onn yyr naxasant sa ro, uro ncxaxamr xanct
Hpopoxa (c.r.c.). Mt xe ncnonnxem ero cynny, no+romy xnmun
or Pax n Aa n namnx pyxax. Oxsarentno neprnct ns cropont n
cropony, nce onxnt rex nnert. Hnuero crpamnoro, ecnn npn
+rom rt ntxonemt rnas xomy-nno ns cnonx parten, snanne
npentme +roro yneutx. Kora nce monxmnecx cranyr n px, ree
neoxonmo nocrannrt norn xax moxno mnpe, ne ocx ynacrt,
rt onxen trt noxox na nepenepnyrym yxy Y, nor rora rt
ncnonnnmt cynny, ne ocrannmt mecra nn carane, nn cnonm pa-
rtxm. Ecnn croxmne pxom yyr oronnrart cnon norn, ro rt
oxsan nx nacrnrnyrt cnonmn noramn, namexax na ro, uro ena-

623
Kparxn npnstn na oxsarentnym uacrt monnrnt, nponsnocnrcx neno-
cpecrnenno nepe ]apsom. n.n.
624
Hanouxa ns xopne n nerne epenten nx ounmennx nonocrn pra. n.n.
268
emt +ro npenamepenno, at oyunrt nx cynne. 3anomnn, rnox
monnrna ne npocro monnrna, a ypox nx croxmnx pxom. Ecnn
rno coce cnpana nnn cnena nosmyrnrcx nocne monnrnt, ro rt
ocrnr cnoe nenn, nor renept rt cmoxemt oxcnnrt emy, xax
cneyer conepmart monnrny no cynne, n nonyunrt narpay or
cnonx pyse naxxanron, nnaemmnx Paem n Aom. Kora rt
yemt conepmart semno noxnon, ree cneyer ntrxnyrtcx xax
moxno antme, n nnuero crpamnoro, ecnn rno xnnor xocnercx
nona. Ecnn cnepen ree memamr norn monxmnxcx, ro nocrant
cnom ronony mexy nnmn. Pacnpant noxrn xax moxno mnpe,
urot tna nnna ennsna rnonx nomtmex, nnuero crpamnoro,
ecnn +ro memaer rnonm cocexm. Crapacx, urot rnox ronona
onycxanact na non c cnntntx rpoxorom. unra nce cypt n mo-
nnrnt rax, urot rnon cocen cntmann n sanomnnann, uro n xo-
ra cneyer unrart.
Ecnn pxom c roo cronr myranr, nanpnmep, xana]nr,
ne nonnmammn pyxn n monnrne n ne cxnatnammn nx na
rpyn, nnn xe mannxnr, noome ne cxnatnammn pyxn, ro no-
cne monnrnt rt oxsan crporo noronopnrt c nnm. Tt oxsan ero
orunrart sa ocrannenne cynnt n monnrne n noconeronart osna-
xomnrtcx c xnnro Hn Faspamnra Hyp an-myxannx ]n axxam
ac-canx. Haunn pasronop mxrxo, nacxontm ronocxom nexn-
cxnx mexon n c pesnnono yntxo na nnne. Ecnn xe on ne
npnmer rnon nacrannennx, ro npexnn cno ono. 3aa no-
npoc: Kro ontme snaer? nnn rt? Ecnn on ornernr, uro rt
snaemt ontme, ro nce nponemt pement, ecnn xe on ne acr
raxoro ornera, ro nonpocn ero: nepeuncnn nemn, enammne npn-
unnt ne ecrnnrentntmn, nepeuncnn nnt nsoperennx xan-
con, nepeuncnn nnt xtxca. Fyt ynepen, on ne cmoxer na +ro
ornernrt. Ho ocreperacx rex, xro, no rnoemy mnennm, cmoxer
ornernrt na +rn nonpoct. Ecnn ree nonancx raxo coecennx,
ro comnnct na xaxym-nno npnunny, ont n xnnore, ronone.
Kora ecrt neoxonmocrt, mapnar paspemaer n npnnpart. Ho-
cne ncero +roro moxemt nanpannrtcx x cnonm partxm-
naxxanram, paccxasart o cnoe monnrne n o rom, xax rt noe-
269
nn +roro myranra. Bor rora-ro rnox monnrna yer coorner-
crnonart romy, uro cxasann namn ynaxaemte yuente.
Xouy cxasart, uro no cynne syt cneyer uncrnrt npn
omonennn, a ne nepe monnrno. Ounmenne syon nepe monnr-
no moxer npnnecrn x xponoreuennm ns ecen, uro napymaer
omonenne, a raxxe nmxm yer nenpnxrno cmorpert, xax nt +ro
enaere. Pasne Hcnam npennctnaer nam npnnmno npornart-
nart xycouxn nnmn, sacrpxnmne mexy syamn?
Xouercx anropy +ro crartn Ay Mannxy cenart same-
uanne sa ro, uro on ne conepmnn nn op]orpa]nuecxnx, nn rpam-
marnuecxnx omnox. 3ro ne no-xamannrcxn n ne no-
naxxanrcxn, y nnx nt ne naere nn enno nepno ]past.
=eZ\Z k_^vfZy
Kmggblu ^Zxl hlihj oZrZ\blZf
Hcnam npecrannxer coo pennrnm uerxnx n xcntx o-
noon n oxasarentcrn. On nnxoro ne npnnyxaer, a npnstnaer x
noncxy. Ha onot on npnstnaer orneuart onoamn, a ne me-
uom. Her npnnyxennx n pennrnn. Kax rontxo re-nnyt noxn-
nxncx xamannsm, yuente pasnnuntx pernonon cnemnnn ero on-
poneprnyrt n pasxcnnrt nmxm ero necocroxrentnocrt n onac-
nocrt. B nepnym ouepet, +rnmn yuentmn tnn xanannrt, +ro
tno ntsnano rem, uro naxxanrt ncera crapannct npnxptrtcx
oexamn xanannsma. Hnxe mt xornm npnnecrn ntcxastna-
nnx, onponepxennx n ornert yuentx uertpex masxaon xamann-
ram, n n uacrnocrn nx noxm Hn Temnn. Kax mypt cnona
npopoxa Myxammaa (c.r.c.) o +rnx nmxx: Onn yyr noxn-
art pennrnm c raxo xe tcrporo, xax crpena noxnaer nyx.
Dgb]b [jZlZ FmoZffZ^Z [bg =Z[^me\ZooZ[Z
B +rom pasene peut noer o nsnecrno xnnre mexa
Cynemana nn Iaynnaxxaa
625
Ac-Canarnx an-nnxxnx ]n ap-

625
Hn Famap yxastnaer, uro on ymep n 1208r. (1793r.), ro ecrt on ymep ue-
pes na roa nocne Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa, cm.: Iynnan an-
max.. 1/102. O mexe Cynemane anrop nourn nnuero ne nnmer, rontxo
270
pa ranx an-naxxanx (Foxecrnennax rposa n orner naxxan-
ram). anee mt xornm npnnecrn nnrart ns +ro xnnrn, onn
ontme apeconant rem cryenram, xoropte onroe npemx xnnn
n nsonxnnn or ncrnnt. Mt naeemcx, uro Annax ocnernr nx
cepna.
3naxomcrno c xnnro
3ra ouent nonesnax xnnra ntmna ns camtx xecroxnx no-
ne cpaxennx c naxxansmom. Ee anropom xnnxercx pono par
Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa. Knnra nsananact no necxontxy
pas n Ernnre, Bame n pyrnx pernonax. Hyumnmn ns +rnx nsa-
nn cunramrcx: ernnercxoe nsanne 1346r. (1927r.) n nsanne
rnnorpa]nn An-uyryx 1923r. c xommenrapnxmn mexa My-
xammaa Xycnena Maxnm]a, pexropa cern nncrnryron An-
Asxap. Kpome nee nepy anropa npnnanexnr xnnra uacn an-
xnra ]n ap-pa ranx Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa (cnax
peut n orner Myxammay nn Iaynnaxxay). Mt xe c namn
yem paccmarpnnart ernnercxoe nsanne nsarentcrna An-
Hncan c yrounennxmn Hpaxnma Myxammaa an-Farann, cocro-
xmee ns 165 crpannn.
Or nsarenx: B namn nn, xora xocmnuecxne xopann
nenepntx ocrnrnn Hynt n Mapca, xora onn nccneymr napcr-
no Annaxa n noncxe +xonomnuecxo ntrot, eme xnnt nceno-
cana]nrt, roronte ocranonnrt semnoe npamenne nx nornepx-
ennx cnoe noxno axtt. Hx axta ocnonana na nocrynare,
rnacxmem o rom, uro xxot Annax naxonrcx nanepxy. Annax
npentme roro, uro onn Emy npnnnctnamr. Onn cunramr, uro
xaxoro nenepnoro n mycyntmannna, nepxmero no npamenne
3emnn, cneyer sapesart. Kro xe rora ocranercx na 3emne? Onn
sanpemamr nocemenne mornnt Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), ocnontnaxct na

yxastnaer, uro on noenan npornn naxxanron: B +rom roy rnant n xnrenn
Xapmanx no rnane c xasnem Cynemanom nn Iaynnaxxaom oxnnnn no-
ny mycyntmanam. Onn cmecrnnn +mnpa Myxammaa nn Iaynny nn Mya-
paxa c ero nocra n nsrnann ns nocenxa. (r.1, c. 26). 3ra nnrara yxastnaer
na ro, uro mex Cyneman, oruaxnmnct n neonornuecxom npornnocroxnnn,
nepemen x noennomy, onaxo Annaxy tno yrono, urot on norepnen nopa-
xenne.
271
rom, uro on ymep, a, cneonarentno, nao nocemart ne ero, a me-
uert. Onn conerymr ne nastnart ero rocnonnom n ne ncnont-
sonart ero nnunocrt xax cpecrno, npnnnxammee x Annaxy
626
.
Hpencnonne or peaxropa: Anrop xnnrn Cyneman nn Ia-
ynnaxxa ncrynaer n opty co cnonm parom, nexncxnm
mexom Myxammaom nn Iaynnaxxaom, cosarenem naxxa-
nrcxoro nnxennx, ntmemnm ns roro xe pernona, uro n My-
canama an-Kassa, oxnnnmn cex npopoxom. Mnorne my-
cyntmane +roro pernona noannct ero naymennxm, orxasannct
ntnnaunnart saxxr n Ay Faxp tn ntnyxen oxnnrt nm no-
ny, xoropax npoonxanact o rex nop, noxa ne tn ynr Myca-
nama.
B cnoe npemx Hpopox (c.r.c.) npeynpenn mycyntman o
cotrnxx, xoropte yyr nponcxonrt n Hexe. Cornacno o-
nomy ns xancon, Hpopox (c.r.c.), yxastnax onomy ns nexn-
nen na Hex, cxasan: Orrya npnyr norpxcennx n cmyrt, or-
rya ntneser por carant. B pyrom ocronepnom xance, nepe-
annom Ay Xypapo, cxasano: Hauano nenepnx na nocroxe, -
nocne uero Hpopox (c.r.c.) yxasan na Hex.
Baxxansm noxnnncx nmenno n +rom pernone, nmenno ero
xnrenn nspann nen saxnpnron
627
, n n uacrnocrn Hn Temnn,
nmenno onn orneprnn an-nacnnx Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), n nmenno onn
saxnnnn, uro Annax sannmaer ]nsnuecxn ntcoxoe nonoxenne.
.a, masxaom, pacnpocrpanenntm n +rom pernone xn-
nxercx masxa Axmaa nn Xanana, no onn nosanmcrnonann y
nero rontxo ]nxx, orxasanmnct or axtt. Fonee roro, onn
oxnnnn nenepntmn ncex cnonx onnonenron, ecnn nt ne c nn-
mn, ro nt nenepnt.
anee, opamaxct x naxxanram, peaxrop nnmer: Bonc-
rnny Hcnam +ro pennrnx mnnocrn. Ho xaxomy npany nt xnene-
mere na mycyntman? Ho xaxomy npany nt oxnnxere mycynt-
man nenepntmn? Bt oxnnxere nony cnonm partxm? Hperen-

626
Cm. onee nopono n crarte Axpam ranx anaana a-yx.
627
Croponnnxn ocnonno rpaxronxn cnxmenntx rexcron. n.n.
272
snn, xoropte nt npexnnxere cnonm partxm, n nepnym oue-
pet moxno npexnnrt nam.
<u^_j`db ba dgb]b
B nauane cnoe xnnrn mex Cyneman nepeuncnxer ycno-
nnx, xoroptm onxen coornercrnonart nmam n nacroxmn my-
cyntmancxn yuent, uro xe xacaercx opasonarentnoro yponnx
cnoero para, ro na c. 25 26, on yxastnaer: Ha ronont nme
ntnano rxxxoe ncntranne, onn nocneonann sa uenonexom, cnx-
stnammnm cex c Kopanom n cynno, enammnm ns nnx ntno-
t. Ho ecnn nt npnrnacnre +roro uenonexa, urot on ntcrynnn
nepe yuentmn, ro ne oxerect ero. On oxstnaer nme cne-
onart sa cnonmn nexmn, a roro, xro c nnm ne cornacen, onnnx-
er n nenepnn. 3ror uenonex ne rontxo ne cnocoen conepmart
nxrnxa, no axe ne onaaer ecxro one snann, neoxo-
nmtx nx +roro, n npn +rom nosnonxer cee ntcrynart nepe
nmtmn.
anee no sarononxom Hx axta axta xapnxnron
on pasxcnxer, uro ero par nspan nx cex xapnxnrcxym
axty. Ha c. 45 46 on, opamaxct x cnoemy pary, nnmer:
Bsrnxnn na cnonnxnnxon Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), pasne onn xora-
nno cnemnnn, pasne onn xora-nno crpemnnnct onnnxrt nm-
e n nenepnn? Hocmorpn na exnnx Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), na exnnx
mycyntmancxnx nmamon, n, moxer trt, +ro craner nx rex na-
snannem. Moxer trt, rora rt ornparnmtcx or ro et, xo-
ropym nmenyemt cynno. 3rn cnona npnnanexar yuenomy,
xoropt npnxonncx parom Myxammay nn Iaynnaxxay.
Moxer trt, na nnx oparxr nnnmanne re cnennt, xoropte no-
cneonann sa +rnm xponoxantm epernxom, paspemammnm yn-
nart mycyntman. Ero exnnx n cnnerentcrna pocrnennnxon xc-
no paccxastnamr o rom, xem on tn
628
.

628
Onomy ns nocneonarene +roro uenonexa nenenn ntcrynnrt c nponone-
tm, nanncanno na nncrxe ymarn. On, nepenyran nncrxn ymarn, cuen, uro
xyra npnnanexnr ero onnonenram n nauan ronrart ee noramn. Ero axe ne
nonnonano ro, uro ram tnn npnneent cnona Annaxa n ntcxastnannx npo-
poxa (c.r.c.). Bor o raxo crenenn +rn nmn ne ynaxmr nacnene Hcnama.
273
Ha c. 77, opamaxct x naxxanram, on nnmer: O pat
Annaxa, noorect Annaxa n Ero naxasannx, net nt npnnecnn
crontxo ropx mycyntmanam. Annax n Kopane cxasan: : l_, dh-
lhju_ aehkeh\yl h \_jmxsbo, fm`qbgZo b `_gsbgZo, [_ah
\kydhc gZ lh ijbqbgu, \a\Zeb\Zxl gZ k_[y [j_fy gZ\_lZ b y\-
gh]h ]j_oZ (33:58). A net nnna +rnx nme tna rontxo n rom,
uro onn ne nocneonann sa namn. Onn ne crann onnnxrt n nene-
pnn rex, xoro cnxmennte rexcrt oxnnnn mycyntmanamn. Ecnn
t onn nocneonann sa namn, ro nonann t no rnen oxn,
net Hpopox (c.r.c.) n cnoem xance cxasan: ne omct, uro
mom ymmy ynnuroxnr npar nnn nonunma nxape, x omct sa-
nymnx nmamon, ecnn nmn nocneymr sa nnmn, ro sanyxrcx,
a ecnn ne nocneymr, ro yyr ynrt (npnnonrcx y ar-
Taapann or Ay Vmamt). Hocne +roro on ynomnnaer Ay Fax-
pa, Iymapa, Iycmana, Iann, oxcnxer, uro onn nnxoro ne npn-
nyxann cneonart sa cnonm mnennem. Hocne +roro na c. 79 o-
pamaercx x naxxanram: Bt onnnxere n nenepnn ncex, xro ne
npnnnmaer namnx ne. Heyxenn nt nacrontxo esrpemnt? Ec-
nn ner, ro nouemy nt cunraere, uro nmeere npano npnnyxart
pyrnx cneonart sa namn? xouy saart nonpoc, ecrt nn cpen
nac xorx t onn, xro coornercrnyer ycnonnxm, npexnnxemtm
x nmamam n yuentm. Fonee roro, ecrt nn y xoro-nno ns nac xorx
t ono ns xauecrn, npncymnx nacroxmnmn nmamam n yuentm?
Orxaxnrect or cnoero ]anarnsma. uro nt conpaerect ornernrt
Annaxy n Cynt ent? Heyxenn nac ne crpamnr Ero naxasa-
nne?
Vnaxaemte partx, cocroxnne naxxanron, onnctnaemoe
mexom Cynemanom, n ero nacrannennx noxxm naxxansma
ocramrcx axryantntmn n no ce ent. Btme namn tno npnne-
eno ocrarouno npnmepon, nornepxammnx ero cnona.
Bex Cyneman, rax xe xax n ero par, tn ntxonem ns
Hexa, no +ro ne nomemano emy pacxptrt cyrt Hexa, o xo-
ropo ynomnnaer Hpopox (c.r.c.) n cnonx xancax. nx +ro re-
mt on axe ornen orentnym rnany Carana n Hexe, c. 112.
B +ro rnane on npnnonr xanct Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), nonecrnym-
mne o nospoxennn nenepnx n Hexe, o noxnnennn norpxcenn
274
n cmyr. Pasne moxer n raxom pernone noxnnrtcx ononnrent pe-
nnrnn? Pasne +ro ne npornnopeunr xancam Hpopoxa (c.r.c.)?
anee, na c. 116 cneyer rnana Hexncxne cmyrt
nra, n ne on, npnnox onot ns Kopana n cynnt, pasxcnx-
er noxnocrt naxxanrcxoro nyrn.
Ornnunrentno uepro +ro rnant xnnxercx crporn na-
yunt noxo n ncxpennocrt. On npnnonr xcnte onot n nt-
paxaer cnoe xenanne nepnyrt cnoero para n nono ncrnnno ne-
pt, onaxo, xax cxasano n Kopane: <hbklbgm, lu g_ kfh`_rv
gZklZ\blv gZ ijyfhc imlv l_o, dh]h ex[brv. Wlh :eeZo \_-
^_l ijyfuf iml_f, dh]h ih`_eZ_l, b Hg emqr_ agZ_l l_o,
dlh klmibe gZ ijyfhc imlv (28:56).
B +ro xnnre mt namnn ouent mnoro onoon npornn
naxxansma, nexoropte ns nnx nt onapyxnre n pasene Bo-
npoct, xymne orneron. Baxxanrt saxnnxmr, uro mex Cy-
neman pacxaxncx n rom, uro nanncan +ry xnnry. Xouy cxasart,
uro noonte peun nt moxere ycntmart o mnornx yuentx,
tnmnx n onnosnnnn x naxxanram. Ho nce +rn saxnnennx nn-
cxontxo ne ymanxmr nennocrn xnnr, nanncanntx nmn.
Mq_gu_ q_luj_o fZaoZ[h\ hl\_qZxl oZrZ\blZf
Ona ns mypocre Annaxa xpoercx n rom, uro On pacce-
nnn nme no pasnnuntm pernonam 3emnn. Ho+romy eynnt
npenounramr xnsnt n nycrtnxx, a ocente n ropoax, onn
npenounramr ropnte nocenxn, re nnnt cnexnte nepmnnt,
pyrne, pannnnnte ropoa. Ho sauacrym nenexecrno npnnonr x
romy, uro uenonex naunnaer cunrart cnom semnm ocoenno cnx-
menno n ymaer, uro ona no cnoe crenenn npenocxonr pyrne
pernont. Hnora nmont x cnoe ponne moxer npnnonrt axe
x npaxe n nenanncrn, xax cxasano n ono ns nocnonnn: ueno-
nex npaxeen x nensneannomy. Xouercx ormernrt, uro no-
onax rnneprpo]nponannax nmont x ponne sauacrym cyxaer
xpyrosop uenonexa. On naunnaer cmorpert na mnp uepes ment
cnoero saopa. Hmenno no+romy raxne nmn ne npnnnmamr nn-
xaxnx nacrannenn n coneron. Touno n raxom xe cocroxnnn na-
xonnnct xamannrt n naxoxrcx ncenocana]nrt. Onn cunra-
275
mr, uro nx nyrt xnnxercx enncrnenno nepntm n axe ne xena-
mr ocranonnrtcx n nponecrn ananns cnonx yexenn. Ho+romy
ner nnuero ynnnrentnoro n rom, uro xamannrt ptxno orcran-
namr cnom rouxy spennx, npnstnamr x ne pyrnx nme n cpa-
xamrcx c remn, xro ne cornacen c nnmn. B npornnnom cnyuae
onn, ynnen ncrnny, nenpemenno crann t nocneonarenxmn o-
noro ns uertpex masxaon.
Xamannrt npnstnamr mycyntman nocneonart no nx ny-
rn, cynnnrt xe, nanpornn, cunramr nx xstunnxamn n cnyramn
nyeen, nexoropte saxnnxmr, uro xamannrt axe onacnee nye-
en. Hmenno no+romy nnxe mt xornm npnnecrn ntcxastnannx
nexoroptx ns cynnnrcxnx yuentx o xamannrax.
3ect mt xornm npnnecrn nspannte ntcxastnannx ne-
xoroptx ma]nrnrcxnx yuentx, cpen xoroptx Ay Hcxax am-
Bnpasn, nmam Ay Faxp am-Bamn n pyrne. Hrax, y Hn Iaca-
xnpa n Tannn xas an-my]rapa (c. 310) cxasano: Bo nmx An-
naxa Mnnocrnnoro, Mnnocepnoro. Annax n Kopane cxasan: H
xro xe neuecrnnee roro, xro cxptn nmemmeecx y nero or Annaxa
cnnerentcrno? (2:140). Hmenno no+romy nanonee ornercr-
nennte yuente, ]axnxn pemnnn nanncart +ro nnctmo. B nem
onn ocyxamr ecrnnx xamannron n nexoroptx xanannron,
sanoxnnmnx n Farae nauano mepsxo nra. 3rn nmn ntcry-
nnnn c peuamn, xoroptx nt ne ycntmnre axe or esoxnnxon,
onn nsnparnnn ocnont mapnara. Onn onnnnnn nenepntmn
ncex, xro orpnnaer oronoone, Ero nponcxoxenne, sanncn-
mocrt or npocrpancrna n npemenn, nonepxennocrt cotrnxm n
nsmenennxm. 3rn nmn no npemx cnonx copann, n meuerxx, na
ptnxax n pyrnx saneennxx npoxnnnamr nepymmnx. Xamannrt
ynpxmo saxnnxmr, uro nx For onaaer noramn, syamn, nantna-
mn, cnncxonr Cnoe cymnocrtm, n opase mnomn, nyremecrny-
er na ocne. Ha ero ronone cnepxammax xopona, a na norax ry]nn
ns sonora. n r...
B pyrom saxnnennn rpynnt yuentx cxasano:
.neyxenn nt xornre cxasart, uro y namero rocnoa raxoe xe
esopasnoe n yponnnoe nnno, xax n y nac? Heyxenn On nmeer
raxoe xe rmeymnoe reno, xax y nac? Heyxenn y Hero ecrt
276
nantnt, xncrn n norn, na xoropte naert sonorte ry]nn? An-
nax npentme ncero +roro, a yer npoxnxrne romy carane, xo-
ropt nam raxoe naymaer. Honennrent npanonepntx noxnxncx,
uro ecnn nt ne orxaxerect or +rnx yexenn, ro on onaxnr
npornn nac cnoe meu n coxxer namn xnnnma.
Ho +rn nmn ne cnocont ycntmart pasymnte peun, nx
ym sarymanen ]anarnsmom, n npornnnom cnyuae Hpopox (c.r.c.)
ne cxasan t o nnx: Ecnn onn noxnxrcx, yere nx.
Hmam Hn an-Kamnpn n Hrxa] ac-caar an-myrraxnna
n mapx nxtx rynym a-nn, r. 2, C 109, o noxxx +ro cexrt
nnmer cneymmee: B cpee nenexecrnennoro npocronapotx
noxnnnact rpynna nme, xoropax saxnnxer: Mt yem nonn-
mart cnxmennte rexcrt yxnantno, a nsnoxennoe ram orpann-
unnart nsnecrntmn nam pamxamn n rpannnamn. Mt ne nmeem
npana xommenrnponart cnona cnxmenntx rexcron, nocxontxy
Annax n Kopane cxasan: Gh g_ agZ_l _]h lhedh\Zgby gbdlh,
djhf_ :eeZoZ (3:7). 3rn nmn onacnee nx Hcnama, uem ny-
en, xpncrnane, xstunnxn n ornenoxnonnnxn. eno n rom, uro
sanyxennx nenepntx xcnt, a sanyxennx +rnx nme cxpt-
rt, onn cnocont nnecrn n sanyxenne nerpamorntx mycynt-
man. 3rn nmn saxnnxmr, uro For nmeer oprant, cnnr, cnycxa-
ercx, pacnonaraercx nonynexa, nosnocnrcx n cnxsan c nanpanne-
nnxmn npocrpancrna. Bam moryr nonpannrtcx nx peun, nt nau-
nere npecrannxrt Fora omymaemtm n nocrenenno nonterect n
+ry cexry.
Ar-Taxn an-Xycnn am-Ba]nrn n npencnonnn x xnnre
a]r myax man maaxa na ramappaa na nacaa sannxa nnx
ac-can an-xannn Axma nnmer: anee. Hpnunno nann-
cannx +ro xnnrn xnnnnct nmn, npononeymmne ranoe sno n
ornocxmne cex x masxay nennxoro nmama Axmaa. Hpocrtm
nmxm +rn nmn pacxptnamr cnoe yuenne, a nepe yuentmn o-
xrcx o nem ronopnrt. 3rn nmn xyxe rex, xro orxptro orcrynaer
or nept, onn nnoxr n sanyxenne npocronmnnon. Bnemne
+rn nmn ntrnxxr naoxntmn paamn Annaxa, ne paccramrcx
co copnnxamn xancon. Ha camom xe ene raxne nmn, xax Hn
Xamn n xasn Hn as-3arynn, xnnxmrcx mymanxnramn n
277
npnnnctnamr Annaxy arpnyrt, ne npnnnuecrnymmne Ero o-
xecrnenno cymnocrn. 3rn nmn nocneonarenn camnpnx
629
,
nx yexennx cxont c yexennxmn nyeen n xpncrnan, onn
npecrannxmr Fora n renecnom opase.
An-Ia]n]n an-]nrn n xnnre Mapxam an-rnnan an-
myraana ]n a]r am-myax na ap-pa ranx an-myrrasnnx
nnmer: Xanannrcxne yuente nosnero nepnoa nsnparnnn pe-
nnrnm, cenann mnoxecrno rnyntx ntcxastnann, onn onexnn
Annaxa n marepnantnoe reno n ynoonnn Ero cosannxm. Ay
Faxp Hn an-Iapan n xnnre An-Ianactm no +romy nonoy
nnmer: cntman or mnornx naexntx nacrannnxon, uro xasn
Ay rnx an-Xanann npn ynomnnannn Annaxa ronopnn: Iono-
pnre mne o nem nce, uro yrono, x npnnnmam nce, xpome opot
n nocrtntx mecr. Hexoropte yuente no +romy nonoy cxasa-
nn, uro '+ro xnnoe nenepne, nsenarentcrno na Annaxom. Taxnx
ne moxer npnepxnnartcx rontxo nenexa, n sa nnm nn n xo-
em cnyuae nentsx cneonart, on ne nmeer npana trt nmamom.
3ror uenonex ynoonncx xstunnxam, noxnonxmmnmcx nonam.
On noxnonxercx ne Annaxy, a nony, xoroporo cosan n cnoem
pasyme. Annax npentme ncero, uro Emy npnnnctnamr esox-
nnxn n arencrt. anee on nnmer: Hn an-xansn nocrynnn
ouent xopomo, uro nanncan onponepxenne ne +rnx nme. B
+rom onponepxennn on nnmer, uro onn ynoonnn Annaxa ueno-
nexy. Onn onopounnn xanannrcxn masxa, nmenno no+romy
ceuac cnono xanannr acconnnpyercx c nonxrnem myxaccn-
mnr. On xe nnmer: 3rn nmn nnmt sanrptnamr c pennrne,
onn ne nosnann Annaxa, n nx yuennn ner n onn Hcnama. Oma-
xct c namn, onn ynnxamr nac o yponnx peenxa. anee on yxa-
stnaer: Onn orxptro ynoonxmr Annaxa uenonexy. 3a nnmn
nocneonann nexoropte npocronmnnt. Hpnuem onosopnnnct n
re n pyrne.
Hn Iaycanxm n cnoe xnnre Taaxar am-ma]nrnx
(c. 222 223) nnmer: Xamannrt, ynoonxmmne Annaxa co-
sannxm, enxrcx na ne rpynnt: onn saxnnxmr o cnonx yex-

629
uenonex, npenoxnnmn nyexm noxnonxrtcx rentny. n.n.
278
ennxx orxptro, ih^h[gh lhfm dZd deygmlky i_j_^ \Zfb, b
ijb wlhf iheZ]Zxl, qlh hgb ijZ\u. LZd agZcl_. hgb e`_pu
(58:18), xo nropo rpynne ornocxrcx xamannrt, npnxptnammne-
cx cana]nsmom nx ocrnxennx onpeenenntx nene, onn oh-
lyl [ulv \_jgufb b \Zf, b k\h_fm gZjh^m (4:91). uro xe xa-
caercx nacroxmnx cana]on, ro onn npnepxnnannct npnnnnnon
ranxna n ounmennx (ransnx) Annaxa or ncex neocrarxon, onn
tnn anexn or ramnxa n raxcnma. Hmenno no+romy nce my-
ranrn craparentno ornocxr cex x cana]nram. B onom ns crn-
xornopenn no +romy nonoy cxasano: Onn ornocxr cex x Hx-
nn, no Hxnn anex or nnx. Kax moxno yrnepxart, uro cana]t
npnepxnnannct ne raxcnma, ramnxa n ne ntcrynann npo-
rnn +rnx nra? Bet Annax n Kopane cxasan: G_ imlZcl_ bk-
lbgu k eh`vx, g_ kdju\Zcl_ bklbgu, _keb \u agZ_l_ __
(2:42), [<kihfgb, FmoZffZ^] dZd k l_o, dhfm ^Zjh\Zgh IbkZ-
gb_, :eeZo \aye aZ\_l, []h\hjy]. "<u g_ij_f_ggh [m^_l_ jZat-
ykgylv IbkZgb_ ex^yf, g_ [m^_l_ [gb hl dh]h] kdju\Zlv _]h".
Gh hgb hlr\ujgmeb [wlhl] aZ\_l b ihemqbeb aZ wlh gbqlh`-
gmx ieZlm. Kdhev f_jadh lh, qlh hgb ihemqZxl' (3:187),
Qlh[u lu jZatykgbe ex^yf lh, qlh [ueh gbkihkeZgh ij_`-
gbf ihkeZggbdZf, - [ulv fh`_l, hgb h^mfZxlky (16:44). Kax
nsnecrno, yuente xnnxmrcx nacnennxamn npopoxon, no+romy
onn oxsant npoonxart nx eno, n Kopane no +romy nonoy
cxasano: B h[jZam_lky ba \Zk h[sbgZ, dhlhjZy [m^_l ijbau-
\Zlv d ^h[jm, ih[m`^Zlv d [eZ]hfm b hl\jZsZlv hl ^mjgh]h.
B [m^_l lZdbf ex^yf [eZ`_gkl\h (3:104). Onnm ns camtx
ontmnx son xnnxercx npnnnctnanne renecnocrn Annaxy n yno-
onenne Ero cosannxm, a nennuamnm naroexnnem xnnxercx
nepa n ennooxne n ounmenne Annaxa or ncex neocrarxon.
Cana]t xe monuann noromy, uro n nx npemena +ra nra eme ne
noxnnnact, no nsnecrno, uro onn ntcrynnnn npornn rex, xoro-
pte tnn nm nsnecrnt. Hmenno no+romy mycyntmanam yanoct
oepxart nepx na xaapnramn, xaxmnramn, xapnramn n
pyrnmn cexranramn. 3ro tn nx xnxa, n +ror xnxa tn
nyx nnon, cnonom n meuom. uem xe ornnuamrcx xamannrt or
pyrnx myranron? Tontxo rem, uro cxptnamr cnon yexennx.
279
Hgb fh]ml kdjulv k\hb []j_oh\gu_ ^_eZ] hl ex^_c, gh g_
kdjhxl bo hl :eeZoZ, lZd dZd Hg gZoh^blky kj_^b gbo, dh]^Z
hgb \lZcg_ aZfureyxl g_m]h^gh_ ?fm. Gh :eeZom ba\_klgh
lh, qlh hgb \_jrZl (4:108). Bcem cexram yuente orneuann
orxptro, xpome xamannron, xoroptm yuente orneuann ranxnom
n ounmennem Annaxa or ncex neocrarxon. Ho+romy xamannrt
onroe npemx ocranannct ynnxenntmn. B klhbl bf lhevdh
aZ`_qv h]hgv \hcgu, :eeZo [g_f_^ey] ]Zkbl _]h. Hgb mk_j^kl-
\mxl gZ a_fe_, [l\hjy] g_q_klb_, gh :eeZo g_ ex[bl g_q_k-
lb\p_\ (5:64). Hecmorpx na +ro onn o cnx nop ncnontsymr nce
nosmoxnocrn, nce cmyrt, urot npoxnnrt cnoe yuenne.
To xe camoe nanncan Hn xaxan n cnoem ornere Hn
Temnn, cm. ar-Taaxar an-xypa, npnnanexamym nepy ar-
Taxa ac-Cyxn.
Cam xe ac-Cyxn no nonoy xamannron n cnoe xnnre
Taaxar am-ma]nrnx an-xypa (r. 2, c. 17) nnmer: Taxona nx
axta, onn cunramr cex mycyntmanamn, onee roro, cynnnramn.
Ho ecnn nt nosnaxomnrect c nnmn nonnxe, ro ynnnre, uro
cpen nnx ner nn onoro yuenoro. 3rn nmn onnnxmr n nene-
pnn mycyntmancxnx yuentx n ornocxr cex x nocneonarenxm
nmama Axmaa, xoropt na camom ene orpexcx or nnx.
uro xe xacaercx ncroxon conpemennoro naxxanrcxoro
nnxennx, ro nsnecrno, uro Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa or-
npannn cnonx yuentx x yuentm Mexxn n Mennt: Te, npntn
n +rn cnxmennte ropoa, nsnoxnnn yuentm cnon yexennx.
Vuente Mexxn n Mennt ann nm ncuepntnammn orner n
npnnenn raxne onot, xoropte re tnn ne n cocroxnnn ocno-
pnrt. Tora yuente cnxmenntx ropoon nonxnn, nacxontxo ne-
nexecrnennt naxxanrt. Anannsnpyx nx axty, onn onapyxn-
nn n ne mnoxecrno momenron, yxastnanmnx na nenepne naxxa-
nron. Pesyntrarom +ro ]ernt xnnncx omn ntno yuentx o
rom, uro naxxanrt xnnxmrcx nenepntmn, uro nornepxeno
xasnem
630
. Hmenno no+romy ampa]nrt nauann ntnemnnart ro-

630
Axma nn 3ann axnxn. unrna an-naxxanx. C. 3.
280
nont ynrtx naxxanron pxom c Mexxo, +ro tnn nmn, no-
xnnynmne nono mycyntmancxo ymmt
631
.
Bex Canama an-Kaarn am-Ba]nrn cxasan: .+rn nm-
n nocnontsonannct onepunnocrtm nenex n ntann cex sa
nocneonarene cana]on ns uncna cnonnxnnxon n ranrnnon.
Ha camom xe ene onn tnn nocneonarenxmn mexon myma-
nxnron n myxaccnmnron, ronxonanmnx Kopan n cynny xax nm
nsymaercx. 3rn nmn ncxaxann cmtcn Kopana, npenounrann
ntymannte n cnate xanct, ecnn re coornercrnonann nx ne-
xm, n orneprann ocronepnte xanct, ecnn re npornnopeunnn nx
neonornn.
632

Mycyntmancxn ]nnoco] Myxamma Ao o nnx nnmer:
3ra cexra onaaer axe onee ysxnm xpyrosopom, uem npocrte
myxannnt. 3rn nmn cunramr, uro oxsant cneonart yx-
nantnomy cmtcny rexcron, nensnpax na ro uro nxrymr ocnont
pennrnn. Hpo]eccop Myxamma Pamn Pna, xommenrnpyx +rn
crpoxn, nanncan: 3ro cexra axn xanc, nnn re, xoro nastnamr
naxxanramn
633
.
Taxont ntcxastnannx yuentx-cynnnron o +ro cexre.
Hpncnymamrcx nn x nnm xamannrt? Bepnyrcx nn n nono ncrnn-
no pennrnn?
G_dhlhju_ mq_gu_, hijh\_j]Z\rb_ ijhba\_^_gby
B[g L_cfbb
Hnxe mt npnnonm cnncox xana]nrcxnx, mannxnrcxnx,
ma]nrnrcxnx n xanannrcxnx yuentx, ntcrynnnmnx c onpo-
nepxennem ne Hn Temnn, a raxxe nasnannx xnnr nexoroptx
ns nnx.
1. Kasn my]accnp Fapynn Myxamma nn Hpaxnm
nn xamara am-Ba]nrn.

631
Myxamma an-Kacnpn. Ac-Cana]nx ana axn ac-cynna na an-nmamnx.
C. 340.
632
Canama an-Kaarn. uypxan an-Kypan ana ct]ar an-xannx na ct]ar an-
xayn. C. 15.
633
Myxamma Ao. An-Hcnam na an-nacpannx. C. 97.
281
2. Kasn Myxamma nn an-Xapnpn an-Ancapn an-
Xana]n.
3. Kasn Myxamma nn Ay Faxp an-Mannxn.
4. Kasn Axma nn Iymap an-Maxacn an-Xanann.
Fnaroapx ]erne +rnx yuentx n 726r. (1325r.) Hn Te-
mnx tn nocaxen n rmptmy, cm. Iymn ar-ranapnx Hn Baxn-
pa an-Kyryn n Haxm an-myxran Hn Myrramma an-
Kypamn.
5. Xa]ns myxraxn Taxnmnn ac-Cyxn, ym. n 756r.
(1355r.). K ero nponsneennxmn ornocxrcx: An-Hrrnap n a-
xa an-xanna na an-nap, A-yppa an-myta ]n ap-pa ranx
Hn Temnx, Bn]a ac-cyxam ]n snxpar xap an-anam, An-
Hasap an-myxaxxax ]n an-xana] n ar-ranax an-myrannax,
Hax an-nxmar na n]rnpax ]n macann an-nman na ar-ranax.
6. uaxnx Myxamma nn Iymap nn Maxxn, nsnecrnt
xax Hn an-Mapxan, ym. 716r. (1316r.), nnuno ncrynan n ncxyc-
cnn c Hn Temne.
7. Xa]ns Canaxynn an-Ianxn, ym. 761r. (1359r.), nt-
crynan c xpnrnxo Hn Temnn.
8. Bex Axma nn xtx an-Knnxn an-Xanan, nsnecr-
nt xax Hn xaxan, ym. 733r. (1332r.), conpemennnx Hn
Temnn. Ero nepy npnnanexnr xnnra Pncana ]n na]n an-
xnxa.
9. Kasn Kamanmnn nn as-3amnxxann, ym. 727r.
(1326r.), ncrynan n ncxyccnn c Hn Temne n nanncan na on-
ponepxennx, ono na remy pasnoa, a nropoe no nonoy noceme-
nnx Hpopoxa (c.r.c.)
10. Kasn Ca]nmnn an-Xnnn, ym. 715r. (1315r.), nc-
xyrnponan c Hn Temne.
11. uaxnx, xancone Iann nn Myxamma an-Faxn am-
Ba]nrn, ym. 714r. (1314r.). ncxyrnponan c nnm no uertpna-
narn nonpocam.
12. Hcropnx an-uaxp nn Marnam an-Kypamn, ym. 725r.
(1324r.), ero nepy npnnanexnr xnnra Haxm an-myxran na
paxm an-myrran.
13. Hncapt cynrana Hn Kanayna, ym. n 741r. (1340r.).
282
14. Xa]ns as-3axan, ym. 748r. (1347r.), conpemennnx
Hn Temnn, ero nepy npnnanexar xnnrn Faxn sarn an-rnnm
na ar-rana, An-Hactxa as-saxanx.
15. My]accnp Ay Xaxn an-Ananycn, ym. n 745r.
(1344r.), ero nepy npnnanexnr xnnra Ta]cnp an-naxp an-ma
mnn an-axp an-myxnr.
16. uaxnx n nyremecrnennnx Hn Farryra, ym. n 779r.
(1377r.), ero nepy npnnanexnr xnnra Pnxnxr Hn Farryra.
17. uaxnx Taxynn ac-Cyxn, ym. 771r. (1369r.), anrop
xnnrn Taaxar am-ma]nrnx an-xypa.
18. Vuennx npetymero, ncropnx Hn Baxnp an-
Kyryn, ym. 764r. (1362r.), anrop xnnrn Iymn ar-ranapnx.
19. Bex Iymap nn Ay an-man an-Haxmn an-uaxnxn
an-Mannxn, ym. 734r. (1333r.), anrop xnnrn Ar-Tyx]a an-
myxrapa ]n ap-pa ranx an-mynxnp as-snxpa.
20. Kasn Myxamma ac-Carn an-Mncpn an-Axnann, ym.
755r.(1354r.), anrop xnnrn An-Maxana an-maptx ]n ap-pa
ranx man mnxnpy as-snxpa an-myxammanx, nsana nmecre c
An-Fapaxnn ac-cartra, npnnanexame nepy an-Iasamn.
21. Bex Inca as-3anann, ym. 743r. (1342r.), anrop xnnrn
Pncanar ]n macanar ar-ranax.
22. Bex Axma nn Iycman an-xysxann an-Xana]n,
ym. 744r. (1343r.), anrop xnnrn An-Axac an-xannx ]n ap-
pa ranx Hn Temnx.
23. Xa]ns Hn Xaxap an-Iacxanxnn, ym. n 852r.
(1448r.), anrop xnnr a-ypap an-xamnna ]n artxn an-mna ac-
camnna, Hncan an-mnsan.
24. Xa]ns Bannynn an-Inpaxn, ym. n 826r. (1422r.), an-
rop xnnrn An-Axnna an-myptx ]n ap-pa ranx an-acnna
an-maxxnx.
25. uaxnx, ncropnx Hn Kat Byxar am-Ba]nrn, ym. n
851r. (1441r.), anrop xnnrn Tapnx Hn Kat Byxa.
26. uaxnx Ay Faxp an-Xycnn, ym. 829r. (1425r.), anrop
xnnrn a]r myax man maaxa na ramappaa na nacaa sannxa
nnx nmam Axma.
283
27. A]pnxancxn mex Ay Iaynna nn Iapa]a an-
Mannxn, ym. 853r. (1449r.), nanncan onponepxenne ne Hn
Temnn.
28. Ianxynn an-Fyxapn an-Xana]n, ym. 841r. (1437r.),
on oxnnn nenepntm Hn Temnm n ncex, xro nastnaer ero
mexynncnamom, cm. y xa]nsa ac-Caxann n A-ay an-
nxmnr.
29. Bex Axma as-3appyx an-uacn an-Mannxn, ym. 899r.
(1493r.).
30. Xa]ns ac-Caxann, ym. 902r. (1496r.), anrop xnnrn
An-Hrnxn n ar-raynx nnman sama ar-rapnx.
31. Kasn an-Faxt an-Xana]n (onnnanart nex), an-
rop xnnrn Hmapar an-mapam mnn rnnm an-nmam.
32. Bex Axma nn Myxamma an-Barnpn, ym. n 980r.
(1572r.), anrop xnnrn Panar an-nastpnn na xynxcar manaxn
ac-cannxnn.
33. Bex Hn Xaxap an-Xacamn, ym. 974r. (1566r.),
anrop xnnr An-uarana an-xancnx
634
, An-xanxap an-

634
3ect mt xorenn t npnnecrn nexoropte ns cnon Hn Xaxapa an-
Xacamn o Hn Temnn.
B An-uarana an-xancnx, c. 114, on yxastnaer: Vuente, nsyunnmne n
xpnrnxonanmne nen Hn Temnn, saxnnxnn o rom, uro on tn sanymnm
uenonexom. Ecnn nt xornre n +rom yenrtcx, ro mt nam coneryem oparnrt-
cx x nmamy Myxraxny Ay an-Xacany ac-Cyxn, ero ctny ar-Taxy, nmamy
mexy an-Inssy nn xamara, a raxxe x pyrnm ero conpemennnxam n nma-
mam xana]nram, mannxnram, ma]nrnram n xanannram. Cyx no nx cnonam,
nen +roro uenonexa noome ne nmemr nnxaxo nennocrn, on sanymn
myranr, nenexa, a coxpannr nac Annax or ero omnox n ne. Ha c. 116
on nepeuncnxer nce yexennx, n xoroptx Hn Temnx pacxonncx c cynnn-
ramn: .uro mnp nsneuen n cymecrnyer neuno nmecre c Annaxom, on saxnnx-
er, uro Annax oxsan cnoe cymnocrtm n ne nmeer cnoot ecrnnx, npnnn-
ctnaer Annaxy renecnocrt, nanpannenne n nnxenne. Annax xe npentme
ncero +roro. On ronopnr, uro Annax pasmepom c Tpon, nn ontme, nn mentme.
Annax npentme +ro xnenert n nenepnx. anee na c. 203 on nnmer: Ocre-
perarect npncnymnnartcx x romy, uro nanncano n xnnrax Hn Temnn, ero
yuennxa Hn an-Kanma an-xansn n pyrnx nme, nocneonanmnx sa cno-
nm noopaxennem. Annax ocnennn nx cepna, nsopt n nnen n sanyxenne,
+rnx nme nnxro, xpome Annaxa, ne nacrannr na nyrt ncrnnnt. 3rn es-
284
mynassam ]n snxpar an-xap an-myrassam, Xamnx an-nax ]n
an-manacnx.

oxnnxn, ynnuroxnrenn mapnara, nosomnnnn o cee, uro cneymr nyrn nc-
rnnnomy, onaxo, +ro ne rax.
B xommenrapnxx x Manacnx an-Hanann (c. 489, ns-no ac-Cana]nx) on
nnmer: Hex Hn Temnn o sanpernocrn nocemennx mornnt Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.) ne nmeer nnxaxo nennocrn, an-Inss nn xamara n ar-Taxn ac-Cyxn
yxastnamr, uro +ror uenonex sanynncx. On ne rontxo ne nosnan crenent
Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), no n npnnnsnn crenent Annaxa. On npnnncan Annaxy na-
npannenne, pyxy, nory, rnas n pyrne oprant. Mnorne yuente oxnnnn ero
nenepntm, a nosacr emy Annax cornacno ero exnnxm n ynnsnr ero nocne-
onarene. B An-xanxap an-mynassam ]n snxpar an-xap an-naann an-
myxappam no nonoy Hn Temnn on nnmer cneymmee: On cneonan sa
nnoamn cnoero ontnoro paccyxa n n pesyntrare +roro nnan n raxne nra,
xoropte nnxro o nero ne conepman. B nonpoce ranxna on npnepxnnancx
xamannrcxnx n xappamnrcxnx ne o rom, uro y Annaxa ecrt uacrn, nanpan-
nenne, mecro, uro On nonnmaercx, cnycxaercx, uro On nonepxen nnnxnnm
cotrn. C pyro cropont, on nomen nyrem xapnxnron n oxnnn nenep-
ntmn nennuamnx mycyntmancxnx nmamon n yuentx. B +ro xe xnnre
anee cxasano: Bt moxere cxasart: Kax cana]t mornn saxnnxrt o onycrn-
mocrn nocemennx mornnt Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), n ro npemx xax Hn Temnx orpn-
naer onycrnmocrt +roro? Fonee roro, on sanpemaer axe conepmenne nyre-
mecrnnx pan +roro n coxpamenne monnrnt no npemx +roro nyremecrnnx. On
yrnepxaer, uro nce xanct, nonecrnymmne o nocemennn mornnt Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.), xnnxmrcx cnatmn n ntymanntmn. Hexoropte ns ero xanannrcxnx
nocneonarene npnepxnnamrcx rouno raxoro xe mnennx. orneuy: Kro
raxo Hn Temnx, urot mt npncnymnnannct x ro uymn, xoropym on nec?
Vuente, nsyunnmne ero nen n nacnene, cxasann, uro on tn ncnopuenntm,
sanymnm uenonexom. Hanpnmep, An-Inss nn xamara nanncan o nem: 'On
tn npocrtm sanymnm paom Annaxa, Annax ynnsnn ero sa noxnte ]ernt,
nsannte nm. B pyro xnnre, Bapx am-mamann, Hn Xaxap an-
Xacamn nnmer: Hn an-Kanm, paccxastnax o cnoem yunrene Hn Temnn,
nnmer o rom, uro xxot Annax nonoxnn Cnom pyxy mexy ero nneu. An-
Inpaxn no +romy nonoy nnmer: Mt ne namnn +romy nnxaxoro nonepxe-
nnx n cynne Hpopoxa (c.r.c.). 3ro tnn noxnte nnennx, ocnonannte na
noxntx yexennxx. Bce cynnnrcxne yuente ntcrynnnn c xpnrnxo ne o
renecnocrn Annaxa, o Ero cnxsn c nanpannennem n npounx nsnpamenntx ne
+roro uenonexa n ero nocneonarene. a ouepnnr Annax nx n nx nocneona-
rene. uro xe xacaercx nmama Axmaa n ero masxaa, ro onn ne npnuacrnt xo
ncemy +romy, net nexoropte yuente nasnann noonte nen nenepnem.
285
34. Bex Myxamma nn Iann nn Inpaxn a-nmamxn,
ym. n 933r. (1526r.).
35. Bex xananynn a-anann, ym. 928r. (1521r.),
ero nepy npnnanexnr xnnra Bapx an-ryanx.
36. Kasn Ay Iaynna an-Myxpn, anrop xnnrn Hysym
an-ann ]n cynyx an-amann.
37. Iann an-Kapn an-Xana]n, ym. 1014r. (1605r.), anrop
xnnrn Bapx am-mn]a nn an-xat an-Inx.
38. Xancone Myxamma nn Iann nn Ianxn ac-
Cttxn an-Maxxn, ym. 1057r. (1647r.) anrop xnnrn An-
Mypn an-myxn ]n pa ac-capnm an-manxn.
39. Bex Iapay] an-Manann am-Ba]nrn, ym. 1029r.
(1619r.), anrop xnnrn Bapx mamann nnr-Tnpmnsn.
40. Bex Axma an-Xa]axn an-Mncpn an-Xana]n, ym.
1069r. (1658r.), anrop xnnrn Bapx am-mn]a nn an-xat Inx.
41. Hcropnx Axma Ay an-Iaac an-Myxpn, ym. 1041r.
(1631r.), anrop Asxap ap-pnx.
42. Bex Myxamma as-3apxann an-Mannxn, ym. 1122r.
(1710r.), anrop xnnrn Bapx an-manaxn an-naannx.
43. Bex Iaynrann an-Hanycn, ym. 1143r. (1735r.),
xpnrnxonan Hn Temnm no mnornx cnonx xnnrax.
44. uaxnx, cy]n Myxamma Maxn nn Iann ac-Ctxn,
nsnecrnt xax ap-Pannac, ym. 1287r. (1870r.), raxxe ntcrynan c
xpnrnxo ne Hn Temnn.
45. Cen Myxamma Ay an-Xan ac-Ctxn, ym. 1328r.
(1910r.), anrop xnnrn Kanxar an-xanxap.
46. My]rn Mycra]a nn Amxa am-Barn an-Xanann
a-nmamxn, ym. 1348r. (1929r.), anrop xnnrn An-Hyxyn am-
maprnx ]n ap-pa ranx an-naxxanx.
47. Maxmy Xnra ac-Cyxn, ym. 1352r. (1933r.), anrop
xnnrn A-nn an-xannc ay npma an-xanx nnx nn an-xaxx.
48. My]rn nyuesapno Mennt, mex, xancone My-
xamma am-Banxnrn, ym. 1353r. (1934r.), anrop xnnrn Hmsym
ar-ranax ac-canxc y]raran nma nx xcrartry an-rannm a]ra-
xy.
286
49. Bex Canama an-Iasamn am-Ba]nrn, ym. 1376r.
(1956r.), anrop xnnrn An-Fapaxnn ac-cartra ]n pa ar an-
nar am-mannra n crare n ernnercxo rasere An-Mycnnm.
50. My]rn Ernnra mex Myxamma Faxnr an-Myrtrn,
ym. 1354r. (1935r.), anrop xnnrn Tarxnp an-]ya mnn anac an-
nrrnxa.
51. onepennoe nnno mycyntmancxnx yuentx n ocman-
cxom xann]are mex Myxamma 3axn an-Kaycapn, ym. 1371r.
(1951r.), anrop xnnr Maxanar an-Kaycapn n p.
52. Hpaxnm nn Iycman ac-Camnyn an-Mncpn, nam co-
npemennnx, arnop xnnrn Hycpar an-nmam ac-Cyxn n pa ac-
capnm an-manxn.
53. Mexxancxn yuent Myxamma an-Iapan ar-
Taann, ym. 1390r. (1970r.), anrop xnnrn Fapaar an-amrapnnn
mnn raxan an-myxann]nn.
54. Bex Myxamma Rcy] an-Fanypn an-Faxncrann, an-
rop xnnrn Marapn] ac-cynnan mapx cynan ar-Tnpmnsn.
55. Bex Mancyp Myxamma Iymc, onn ns conpemen-
ntx yuentx An-Asxapa, anrop xnnrn Hn Temnx nxca ca-
na]nxn.
56. Mapoxxancxn xancone mex Iaynna an-Iamapn,
anrop xnnr Hrxan ac-cynra ]n raxxnx marna an-nra, Ac-
Cyx ac-ca]np ]n raxxnx ac-canxr an-myca]np, Ap-Pacann an-
ramapnx n p.
57. An-Mycna Ay an-Aman Cannm nn xanan an-
Ananycn, n 1383r. (1963r.) eme tn xnn, ero nepy npnnane-
xnr xnnra An-Xynacar an-xa]nx ]n an-acann an-rannx.
58. Xamynna an-Fapaxynn, anrop xnnrn An-Facanp.
59. Bex Mycra]a Ay Ca] an-Xamamn, oxnnnmn
Hn Temnm nenepntm n cnoe xnnre Iaycc an-rna n axn
ap-pama. Ero nosnnnm noepxann mex Myxamma Carn
an-Iyp]n, mex Rcy] a-axann, mex Maxmy Ay axnxa,
mex Myxamma an-Faxnpn, mex Myxamma Iayn]arrax an-
Ianarn, mex Xanynna an-xaxnn am-Banxnrt, mex acy-
xn Iaynna an-Iapan, mex Myxamma Xa]nnn Fnnxn.
287
60. Xa]ns Axma nn ac-Catx an-Iamapn, anrop xnnr
Xnaxr ac-carpa n An-Kayn an-xann, n nnx on xpnrnxyer
Hn Temnm n nastnaer ero nxenom.
61. Myxamma nn Inca nn Fanapan ac-Carn an-
Mncpn.
62. Ianann nn Taxnp an-Xaa an-Xapamn.
63. uatnxr mex Inca an-Mannr, yuent ns OA3, nt-
crynaer c xpnrnxo Hn Temnn no npemx nexnn n ypoxon.
64. Bex Iaynna nn Myxamma an-Xapapn an-
Xaamn, anrop xnnrn An-Maxanar ac-cynnnx ]n xam] anxnxr
Axma nn Temnx, nnrart ns xoropo mt uacro npnnonm n
cnoe xnnre, xpome nee ero nepy npnnanexnr xnnra Hsxap an-
raxna ac-cynnnx n mapx an-raxna ar-raxannx.
Bsrnxnnre, ynaxemt unrarent, ynaxaemt ncxarent nc-
rnnt, cxontxo yuentx ntcrynnno c xpnrnxo Hn Temnn. He-
yxenn nt o cnx nop ymaere, uro on moxer nastnartcx nma-
mom? Heyxenn nt ymaere, uro ero cnona moxno crannrt ntme
cnon Annaxa n Ero nocnannnxa (c.r.c.)?
:e-;moZjb Ze-Obg^b ij_^hkl_j_]Z_l
hl ik_\^hkZeZnbafZ
Bex Iaynna an-Fyxapn, npecearent Hnncxoro
omecrna yuentx axn ac-cynna na an-xamara, no npemx cnoero
nnrepntm nx nnnancxo rasert Manap an-xya
635
npeocre-
per mycyntman or naxxanrcxo n nceocana]nrcxo cmyrt.
anee mt npnnonm orptnox ns +roro nnrepntm: B mycynt-
mancxnx crpanax noxnnnact npornnoecrecrnennax cexra, nocne-
onarenn xoropo nastnamr cex cana]nramn, na camom ene
onn anexn or cana]nsma, n npornnnom cnyuae onn ne npornno-
crannxnn t cex mycyntmanam. 3rn nmn saxnnxmr, uro npn-
mnn, urot nsannrt Hcnam n mycyntman or xstuecrna, noxno-
nennx mornnam n npnnecrn x cnyxennm Annaxy, no eno n rom,
uro mycyntmane ne noxnonxmrcx mornnam. Ho xaxomy xe npany
+rn nmn nastnamr mycyntman mornnonoxnonnnxamn? Mt ox-

635
Anrycr 1997r., N 57.
288
sant ntcrynnrt npornn +ro cmyrt n npeornparnrt ee pacnpo-
crpanenne. O npnunne nponnxnonennx +ro cmyrt n Hnnm on
cxasan cneymmee: Onn tnn nnepent n Hnnm anrnnuana-
mn, xenanmnmn pasomnrt nnncxnx mycyntman. Hamn yue-
nte yxe anno nonxnn onacnocrt +ro cexrt n nanncann mno-
xecrno xnnr c xpnrnxo n onponepxennem n nx apec, re pac-
xptnn nce sanyxennx n nsnpamennx naxxansma.
Hocmorpnre, nacxontxo nponnnarenen +ror uenonex. Hs-
necrno, uro y ncroxon naxxansma croxnn anrnnuane, xenanmne
noracnrt nnamx xnxaa n mycyntmancxom omecrne. Onn nxy-
cnnn ropeut conpornnnennx mycyntman Hnnn, xenanmnx ocno-
onrt cnon semnn or xpncrnan.
anee on cxasan: Mt npeocreperaem mycyntman or
nnx
636
ne nx roro, urot cexrt posnt, naoopor, urot coxpa-
nnrt mycyntmancxoe enncrno. uro nt yere enart, ecnn ynn-
nre, uro n om namero cocea xenaer sanesrt nop? Hpomonun-
re? Hnn xe npeocrepexere cocea?
Kax nnnre, oporo unrarent, mycyntmancxne yuente
ncero mnpa npeocreperamr mycyntman or +ro cana]nrcxo-
naxxanrcxo cmyrt, nent xoropo ornneut mycyntman or rno-
antntx nponem n sanxrt nx mexoyconne, onnnennxmn n
nenepnn n xstuecrne. Bet nmenno c +roro nauan Myxamma ny
Iaynnaxxa, onnnnnmn npopoxa Aama (r.c.) n xstuecrne.
Bex Iaynna an-Fyxapn sannmaer nocr rnant Hnn-
cxoro omecrna yuentx axn ac-cynna na an-xamara n exana
]axyntrera Can Maann, pacnonoxennoro n nnncxo npo-
nnnnnn Manranop.
;_g]Zevpu ijhlb\hklhyl oZrZ\blZf
Bex Myxamma nn Iaycanxm an-Kastmn an-
Xycenn onn ns enrantcxnx yuentx, xoropte n cnoe npemx
no nesnannm nocneonann npnstnam naxxansma. Ho ncxope,
xora ncrnna nepe nnm pacxptnact, on noxaxncx n ncrynnn n

636
Hcenocana]nron.
289
opty c +ro cexro, ero cnntnemnm opynem n +rom ene t-
no snanne n xcnte onot.
Koppecnonenr rasert Manap an-xya
637
ncrpernncx c
nnm n onom ns ynnnepcnreron cronnnt (Fanrnaem) axxa.
Bo npemx +ro ncrpeun mex paccxasan, uro tn unenom naxxa-
nrcxo cexrt n reuenne rpex ner. Ho sarem Annax noxenan na-
crannrt ero na nyrt ncrnnt. Mexy nnm n enrantcxnm yuentm
mexom Iasnsynxaxxom an-Kanpn, nsnecrntm xax Aca an-
Fanrann, nponsomna ncxyccnx, no npemx xoropo mex npnnen
ouent cnntnte onot, uro nsmennno nsrnxt nepnoro. Hocne
+roro mex Myxamma nn Iaycanxm an-Kastmn an-Xycenn
npenparnncx n nenpnmnpnmoro opna c naxxansmom. Bo npemx
ynomxnyroro nnrepntm mex saxnnn: 3a nocnenne rot y me-
nx tno ouent mnoro ncrpeu n ncxyccn c naxxanramn. Oco-
enno mne sanomnnnact ncxyccnx c Ba]nxom Myxammaom,
npexropom naxxanrcxoro ynnnepcnrera, no npemx xoropo x
npnnen emy nacrontxo necxne onot, uro on ne namen, uro mne
ornernrt. K ontmomy coxanennm, naxxanrt saxnnxmr, uro
cneymr Kopany n cynne, na camom xe ene onn nocneonarenn
carant, cana]nrt nenpnuacrnt x naxxansmy.
Hacrannxx cnonx cnymarene, mex an-Kastmn ronopnr:
Baxxanrcxax axta npornnopeunr rem npnnnnnam, xoroptmn
pyxonocrnonannct Hpopox (c.r.c.), ero cnonnxnnxn, npane-
nte cana]t n yuente-xana]t, a yer ononen nmn ncemn An-
nax. Ho+romy x xouy npeocrepeut mycyntman or naxxanrcxnx
nonmecrn n npnstnam ncex cnonx xonner, yunrene n yuentx
ycepno n ceptesno pacnpocrpanxrt ncrnnnym axty. Ocoenno
axryantno +ro n namn nn, xora ncnopuennocrt n pasnpar pac-
npocrpanxmrcx c raxo tcrporo. Ho+romy mycyntmane onx-
nt trt roront npornnocroxrt nnyrpenne n nnemne cmyre.
Mt npocnm y Annaxa, urot on samnrnn mexa an-
Kastmn or naxxanron. Kax nsnecrno, +rn nmn nspann nye-
cxn nyrt reppopa, no Annax n Kopane cxasan: :eeZo hojZgbl
_]h emqr_, Hg kZfuc fbehk_j^guc ba fbehklb\uo (12:64).

637
N 68.
290
B xypnane Manap an-xya
638
tna onynnxonana cra-
rtx, n xoropo paccxastnanoct o rom, xax naxxanrt ynnn
my]rnx arecrana mexa Myxamma-Cana Ayaxapona n ero
para. Poccncxoe nn]opmannonnoe arenrcrno Hnrep]axc co-
omnno, uro onn noopnann
639
mamnny my]rnx n cronnne are-
crana Maxauxane.
My]rn Ayaxapon tn nsnecren cnoe nenpnmnpnmoc-
rtm x naxxanram n oxnnn nx axty nsnpamenno, ncnopuen-
no, on nasnan nx paspymnrenxmn (an-myxpnnn)
640
. Bt, nanep-
noe, nomnnre nocnenne cotrnx na rpannne arecrana n ueu-
nn, axe npesnenry Huxepnn Acnany Macxaony npnmnoct
npnernyrt x nexoroptm cpecrna, urot npeornparnrt noxy-
menne naxxanron
641
. Heanno n ono ns naxncrancxnx meue-
re nceocana]nramn no npemx monnrnt tna paccrpenxna
rpynna mycyntman. 3a uro xe onn nocrpaann? Tontxo sa ro, uro
tnn mnnramn
642
. Hpenonaraercx, uro +ror repaxr tn mecrtm

638
xymaanynx 1419r. (cenrxpt 1998r.), N 69.
639
Kypanxaxn Omap Caxaon, pyxononrent orena cnomenn c rocyap-
crnenntmn opranamn npn yxonnom ynpannennn mycyntman arecrana n cno-
em nnrepntm nx exeneentno rasert Bepcnx (N 33 or 31 anrycra 6
cenrxpx) coomnn: .re t nn noxnnnnct naxxanrt, nese naunnaercx
cmyra, noopyxennte xon]nnxrt n xpononponnrne. Kommenrnpyx nx mero-
nxy, on cxasan: Onn ouent nerxo noxynamr nme. Kax nsnecrno, nce
reppopncrnuecxne axrt, nponsomemne n Ernnre, Anxnpe, Haxncrane n py-
rnx mycyntmancxnx crpanax, xnnxmrcx enamn pyx naxxanron, nsnpamennax
axta xoroptx npnstnaer ynnart npornnnnxon, onnnnn nx n xstuecrne.
Hnrart ns ntmeynomxnyroro nnrepntm tnn nepeneent nx apacxnx
CMH mocxoncxnm xoppecnonenrom Xann Ban.
640
3ro ecrnnrentno rax, re t nn noxnnxnnct +rn nmn, nese naunnaercx
cmyra, nona n paspyxa.
641
Hpnstn naxxanron raxon: Hnn rt cneyemt sa namn, xax nocnymnax
oneuxa, nnn xe meu.
642
24/11/1419r. (12/3/99) no npemx nepeaun Kaax na cnyrnnxonom xanane
An-xasnpa ocyxancx nonpoc mexnnemenntx ornomenn n Haxncrane.
Fontmnncrno rocyapcrnenntx n nonnrnuecxn exrene Haxncrana saxnn-
no, uro Haxncran o noxnnennx naxxanron tn neporepnnmo crpano, re
mnpno no cocecrny pyr c pyrom xnnn n mnnrt, n cynnnrt. Camtmn nsne-
crntmn naxxanrcxnmn oprannsannxmn Haxncrana xnnxmrcx Omecrno my-
cyntmancxnx yuentx (xamrnxr rynama an-Hcnam), Omecrno nocneo-
291
naxxanron sa ecrnnx mnnron na mre Hnnana. Touno raxne xe
axnnn naxxanrt conepmann n panee. Hn Temnn yanoct ns-
art ]erny o nenepnn mnnron n yenrt onoro ns cynranon co-
nepmnrt noxo na mnnrcxym nponnnnnm Kacypnan. Fnaroapx
+romy Kacypnan ns mycyntmancxo mnnrcxo nponnnnnn npe-
nparnncx n xpncrnancxym
643
.
Y [ue \ZooZ[blhf
Kax nsnecrno, nanonee ocneomnenntmn o xnsnn ro
nnn nno cexrt xnnxmrcx re, xro n cnoe npemx oxasancx no ee
nnnxnnem. anee x xenam npnnecrn nnctmo onoro ns monotx
nme, xoropomy yanoct ntnesrt ns nayrnnt naxxansma, xo-
ropo on tn oxyran c momenra cnoero noxnnennx na cner.
Ha cnoe crpannne n Hnrepnere x nomecrnn cneymmee
nycrnmne: O nonxau-amapnr, neyxenn rt noancx xamannr-
cxo cmyre. Hpounran nx, +ror monoo uenonex nanncan mne
cneymmee: . ne nonxau-amapnr, x monoo uenonex, xnrent
Karapa, npnepxnnamct mannxnrcxoro masxaa n ]nxxe n ama-
pnrcxo mxont n axte. Hponema tna nnmt n rom, uro x po-
nncx n ntpoc n +rom omecrne, no, nonxn ncrnny, x nauan orne-
uart +rnm nmxm cnonamn, nsnoxenntmn n xnnrax namnx yna-
xaemtx yuentx
644
. 3rnx cexranron nastnamr xamannramn, +ro
nasnanne nm ouent noxonr, noromy uro or nnx ncxoxr nycrte
peun, nx xnnrn nnment nonesntx snann, a mexn nycrocnonxr.
3rn nmn xaxt pas, no nontmn nasnannxmn nepensamr
xnnrn Hn 3y]enx, nsnecrnoro xax Hn an-Kanm, n ero yunre-
nx Hn Temnn. Mt xaxt ent nnnm nonte sarononxn, no
xoroptmn ncera nanncano Hn Temnx. Onn axe ne ycne-
namr unrart xnnrn, xoropte nsamr, ecnn nt nnnmarentno npn-

narene xanca (xamara axn an-xanc). Bo npemx ynomxnyro nepeaun
raxxe npncyrcrnonan npenonrent Baxxanrcxo apmnn cnonnxnnxon,
xoropt nasnan mnnron nenepntmn. Inana cynnnrcxnx yuentx Haxncrana,
ncera ntranmncx nanaxnnart xonraxr co ncemn nentmn reuennxmn, tn
ntnyxen nasnart naxxanron caranncramn.
643
Cm.: An-Fnax na an-nnxax. Hn Kaccnp. Cotrnx 705r. (1305r.).
644
Hmeercx n nny xnaccnxa mannxnron n amapnron. n.n.
292
rnxnrect, ro samernre, uro onn axe ne yocyxnnnct nomenxrt
nasnanne roro nnn nnoro pasena coepxannx xnnrn. Onn con-
pamr necxontxo pasenon ns pasnnuntx xnnr, a sarem nepensa-
mr nx xax nonym xnnry. H npn +rom ncera nonnctnamr orpe-
axrnponano n nepenponepeno, x xe npenoxnn t nm nncart
cxonnponano. Onn nnmt xonnpymr orentnte rnant, a sarem
nonnctnamr: mex raxo-ro ctn raxoro-ro, cana]nr, xamannr
n rax anee o xonna ncex perann.
xe nx cex nspan nnmt ony perannm amapnr
645
n
cenan +ro nx roro, urot nacrannxrt +rnx npocronmnnon,
ymammnx, uro nnaemr ncnamcxnm mnpom. Ha camom ene onn
ns-sa cnoero cnaoymnx, orpannuennocrn xaxt ent repxmr
croponnnxon. A n xauecrne cnoero +nexrponnoro apeca x nspan
cnxmennt ropo Menny, nepx, uro n or onoro ee nasnannx
ncxonr naro (apaxa). cenan +ro noromy, uro +rn nmn me-
mamr mycyntmanam nanemart mornny Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) n camn ee
ne nanemamr. Cpen nnx ecrt raxne, xro conepmnn xax ecxr-
xn pas, no nn onoro pasa ne nanecrnn mornnt Hpopoxa (c.r.c.).
On onpantnaercx cnonam: Bet +ro ncero nnmt cynna
646
. 3rn
nmn nacrontxo nenannxr Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), uro axe sanpema-
mr ero nocxnanxrt, nastnax +ro nro n xstuecrnom.
B cnoe npemx x tn onnm ns nnx, x tn sanymnm, no
+ro neynnnrentno. Bet ecnn nt noere n meuert, urot nsy-
uart cnom pennrnm, ro onn oxpyxar nac cnoe saoro, urot
orroponrt nac or oxecrnennoro cnera, saxnmuennoro n cnonax
yuentx ymmt Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) Or nnx nt cntmnre onn n re xe
cnona: Fnra, xstuecrno, mornnonoxnonnnuecrno, nstnanne x
uemy-nno nomnmo Annaxa. B nrore nt roxe npenpamaerect n
onoro ns nnx, naunnaere noospenart n xstuecrne xaxoro my-
cyntmannna n axe camoro cex.

645
3ror mnoma opasonan n cxpomen, mt ncera roront nomorart raxnm nm-
xm.
646
Hexoropte ns +rnx rnynnon saxnnxmr, uro nocemenne mornnt Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.) xnnxercx nra. Ie xe nornxa n nx cnonax? Heyxenn, urot npenpa-
rnrt +ro exnne n cynny, Hpopox (c.r.c.) cam nnuno onxen tn nocernrt
cnom mornny?
293
xouy paccxasart ony ouent nnrepecnym n cmemnym
ncropnm, nponsomemym co mno n nn naxxansma. Onaxt,
x n mon pystx nanecrnnn onoro ns nsnecrntx n xpynntx nax-
xanrcxnx mexon. Bcrpeuax nac, on cxasan: a npnnercrnyer
nac Annax (Xaxxym Annax). 3rn cnona nacrontxo nponnxnn
n ymy moero pyra, uro on nce npemx pasronopa yman o +rom
n npn paccranannn cnpocnn y mexa: A pasne mt moxem cxa-
sart, uro Annax npnnercrnyer? Bex nnan n cmxrenne, ouent
sacmymancx n nauan ncnyx paccyxart: a npnnercrnyer nac
Annax. Annax npnnercrnyer nac. Annax npnnercrnyer. - a
sarem cxasan: Knxnyct Annaxom, oporo par, x ne snam orne-
ra na rno nonpoc. Honmn n xnnrax, a norom coomn mne or-
ner. Hocmorpnre na +ro nenexecrno! Ho x xouy nam cxasart, uro
mo ronapnm nauan ncxart, ptrtcx n xnnrax n n xoneunom nrore
onapyxnn, uro rax ronopnrt moxno, net n +rom cnyuae mt ne
npnnnctnaem Annaxy nnuero, urot Emy ne npnnnuecrnonano.
uro xe xacaercx menx nnuno, ro x onaxt saan +romy
mexy nonpoc: Hoprnrcx nn manoe omonenne, xora ns noca re-
uer xpont? Bor nacrontxo x tn nenexecrnenen. Vcntman no-
npoc, on nauan ycnnenno pasmtmnxrt. Mne noxasanoct, uro x
saan cnoxnemn nonpoc, ornocxmncx x ronxocrxm ]nxxa. B
nrore on mne ornernn: ne snam. Hpecrantre cee, xasn,
oxnnnmn cex nponaranncrom ranxna n Karape, ne snaer
exnn, noprxmnx manoe omonenne. Kax on moxer paccyxart o
exnnxx, enammnx neecrnnrentno nepy? B nrore x nocre-
nenno nauan nonnmart, uro raxoe naxxansm.
K orpomnomy coxanennm, Karapy ntnano +ro nennxoe
ncntranne. Baxxanrt c momenra cnoero noxnnennx (npnmepno
nxrtecxr ner nasa) saxnarnnn nce meuern. Onn ns ynaxaemtx
mexon mne paccxastnan, uro naxxansm tn npnnecen n Karap
nexncxnm yuentm Myxammaom nn Mannrom. Kora onn
nnepnte noxnnnnct n Karape, ro, nocemax copannx mycyntman,
ronopnnn: Mnp rem, xro nocneonan sa ncrnno (Ac-Canxmy
ranx mann nrraara an-xya). Taxoe omymenne, uro onn npn-
nercrnonann nenepntx n tnn nepnonpoxonamn Hcnama n na-
mem pernone. B camte nepnte rot nocne cnoero noxnnennx onn
294
coxrnn mnoxecrno mannxnrcxnx xnnr, nexoropte ns sanymnx
xarapnen axe nomorann nm n +rom. Mnorne xarapcxne yuente
nocrpaann or nx pyx, a mex rxy nn Rcy] axe tn nt-
nyxen nepecennrtcx n Faxpen
647
. ern mexa paccxastnann,
uro on nepe cmeprtm ouent cnntno xoren nepnyrtcx omo, o-
naxo Hn Mannr ne nosnonnn emy +ro cenart n sacrannn samon-
uart ncex ero croponnnxon. B Karape +roro uenonexa nomnxr
mnorne, net ero yuennxamn tnn ntnycxnnxn An-Asxapa,
ynnnepcnreron Hpaxa, a raxxe mnorne mecrnte xnrenn. o cnx
nop coxpannnnct pyxonncnte xnnrn, nanncannte +rnm uenone-
xom. Ho ecrt nexoropte nmn, xenammne nx orpeaxrnponart,
urot npecrannrt axty xnrene Karapa xax axty xamann-
ron.
Kora x nauan noncxn n Hnrepnere, ro yman, uro onn
eme ne ycnenn saxnamnrt ero cnonm mycopom, no, x coxanennm,
oxasanoct, uro yxe cymecrnyer ouent mnoro caron c nx rnynt-
mn nexmn, caron, re onn nonocxr xpynnemnx yuentx. 3rn
nmn nsnaramr cnon yexennx n, nnnmo, ymamr, uro nnxro
ne cmoxer nx onponeprnyrt. 3ect n Karape x uacro ncrynam c
nnmn n ncxyccnn. ne ronopm nm, uro xnnxmct amapnrom, x
enam +ro ne ns-sa crpaxa, rax noconeronan mne onn ns monx
nacrannnxon. Bet +rn nmn ronxom ne snamr cnoe axtt, xax
xe onn yyr ocneomnent o axte cnonx onnonenron? Hnora
onn amapnrcxne nonoxennx axtt npnnnmann sa xamannrcxne
n ocranannct ouent onontnt, rora-ro x n nonxn mypocrt co-
nera moero nacrannnxa.
Mt noconeronann namemy ynaxaemomy pary coxpanxrt
nce sanncn ncxyccn, nosmoxno, emy yacrcx nsart xnnry no
sarononxom tn xamannrom, n mnorne npospemr naroapx
e, n onom ns crnxornopenn cxasano: nosnaxomnncx co
snom, onaxo ne nx roro urot ero rnopnrt, a nx roro urot
samnrnrtcx or nero, net ne snammn sna moxer nnacrt n nero.

647
Karap, Faxpen n Oman xnnxmrcx ouent pyxecrnenntmn n pocrnenntmn
rocyapcrnamn. Kora n 1225r. (1810r.) naxxanrt nnennnn xann]nron, uacrt
nx noanntx exana n Karap, cm.: Hn Famap. Iynnan an-max.. 1/149
150. Hosnee uacrt xnrene Karapa nmecre c cemtxmn nepepanact n Oman.
295
Ibkvfh j_dlhjm mgb\_jkbl_lZ
Baxxanrt nocroxnno repxmr cnon nocneonarene.
Hpnunna +roro xpoercx n rom, uro naxxanrcxax neonornx o-
naaer nymx ontmnmn neocrarxamn. Onnm ns nnx xnnxercx
yxonnax orpannuennocrt, ocrarouno yxe roro, uro ocnonono-
noxnnx +ro neonornn Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa nasnan
Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) nocnannem. Broptm neocrarxom xnnxercx nn-
rennexryantnax orpannuennocrt, xoropax memaer nm axe un-
rart xnnrn mycyntmancxnx yuentx. Hponema n rom, uro nx
xnnrn npornnopeuar nx ncenocana]nrcxo neonornn. Ho+romy
n annom pasene xnnrn x xouy npnnecrn nnctmo, nanncannoe
Bannem an-Macrapn, uenonexom, ntpnanmnmcx ns xorre naxxa-
nron. 3ro nnctmo
648
apeconano oxropy Faxpy nn Iaynne
nn Faxpy. Anrop nnmer: ntpoc n nexncxo cemte, npn-
epxnnanmecx xanannrcxoro masxaa n ]nxxe n cana]nsma n
axte. Onaxo cnenoe cneonanne namnm anropnreram menx ne
yonnernopxno, x xoren mtcnnrt n nnert onee mnpoxo. Cnonm
cnepcrnnxam x roxe conerym noontme saymtnartcx, anannsn-
ponart, ncxart ncrnny, nmenno raxo saner nam ocrannn Hpopox
(c.r.c.) n cnoem xance: 'Mypocrt nx mycyntmannna noona
sanyme nepnmnne, nycrt on sanpaer ee cee, re t nn
namen, nocxontxy nmeer na nee nonnoe npano
649
. Ho nonoy
Hn Temnn on yxastnaer: Pasne rontxo on sacnyxnnaer rnry-
na mexynncnam? Pasne ocrantnte ne ocront +roro rnryna?
A, moxer trt, +ror rnryn nncnocnan cnennantno nx nero?
Mnorne conpemennte monote nmn ymamr, uro +ror uenonex

648
Ono tno onynnxonano na onom ns mycyntmancxnx ]opymon n Hnrep-
nere.
649
Xouercx cxasart, uro yxe no mnornx naxxanrcxnx rocyapcrnax monote
nmn nauann saymtnartcx n ncxart. Mnorne nauann npoxnnxrt nnrepec x
ayno-nexnnxm mexa Axmaa nn Xama an-Xannnn, nent na ero xaccert
nospocnn o rtcxun cayncxnx peanon. A nexoroptx cryenron axe orunc-
nnnn ns nyson sa ro, uro onn n cnonx xomnarax xpannnn xaccert c nexnnxmn
+roro mexa. Hocmorpnre, nacxontxo +rn nmn repnnmt! Pasne mt xora-
nnyt cxnrann xnnrn nnn xaccert Hn Fasa? Her, onn xpanxrcx n namnx
nnnorexax, net nem nenosmoxno noenrt ornem n meuom, ee moxno
noenrt rontxo uerxnmn n xcntmn onoamn.
296
tn noome esrpemen. Ha camom xe ene on npocro yuent,
cnocont conepmart omnxn. Ecnn on npan, ro mt npnmem ero
nosnnnm, ecnn omncx, ro orneprnem. Ocnonntm xpnrepnem n
Hcname xnnxercx Kopan n cynna. Ho nexoroptm nonpocam x ne
cornamamct c Hn Temne, raxxe y nero ouent mnoro pasnnu-
ntx npornnopeunntx momenron. Pasxcnxx cyrt conpemennoro
ncenocana]nsma, on nnmer: Mnorne nmn no nesnannm npo-
onxamr cunrart, uro nocneonarenn naxxanrcxoro nnxennx
npnepxnnamrcx cana]nrcxo axtt n nacnenx. Ha camom e-
ne +ro ne rax, n ocnone +roro nnxennx na 90 nexar nen Hn
Temnn, no+romy onee nepntm nasnannem tno t ne cana-
]nsm, a remnsm. a n n nenom, +ro ne xaxoe-ro cnxmennoe
yuenne, a otunoe neonornuecxoe reuenne.
Ho nonoy nocnecrnn pacnpocrpanennx +roro nnxe-
nnx on nnmer: a, x cornamyct c rem, uro mycyntmancxoe opa-
sonanne crano cnntnee, no n omecrne noxnnnact nanpxxennocrt
n pasomennocrt. Pasnte neonornuecxne rpynnt ne moryr
npnrn x nsanmononnmannm n nanory. Ocoo cnntnax oruyx-
ennocrt npncyrcrnyer n ornomennxx mexy mnnramn n cynnn-
ramn. A +ro, xax nsnecrno, ne yrono nn Annaxy, nn Ero nocnan-
nnxy. Paccxastnax o monotx naxxanrax, on nnmer: Mono-
te nmn, c xoroptmn mne onenoct eceonart, ne snamr, uero
xorxr. nx nnx ner pasnnun mexy nentm n cpecrnom, nee n
nyrem ee ocrnxennx. Onn xoxr no xpyry, y xoroporo ner xon-
na.
Taxont nnot pacnpocrpanennx naxxansma n mycynt-
mancxnx crpanax nenoe noxonenne monoexn, nyxamme n
noremxax. Eme onee xymnm xnnxercx cocroxnne rex, xro npo-
onxaer pacnpocrpanxrt +rn nen.
GZklZ\e_gb_ Za-AZoZ[b
(Hacrannenne nmama Bacynna Myxammaa nn Axmaa
as-3axan am-Ba]nrn (ym. 748r. (1347r.) Hn Temnn
650
)

650
Taxxe nsnecrno xax An-Kaan. Pyxonnct +roro nacrannennx xpannrcx n
xanpcxo nnnorexe no nomepom 18823 n npnnanexnr ]axnxy, my]accn-
py n ncropnxy Ay Faxpy nn Axmay nn Myxammay an-Acan a-
297
Bo nmx Annaxa Mnnocrnnoro, Mnnocepnoro. Xnana
Annaxy. O Iocnon, yt mnnocrnn xo mne, npocrn mon omnxn
n coxpann mom nepy. neuanmct o neocrarxe neuann, coxanem
o nacroxmem nonoxennn cynnt, cxyuam no npanentm partxm,
x neuanmct o rom, uro ncuesnn mnorne yuente n npanennxn,
tnmne cnerouamn +ro ymmt. Kax nam ne xnaraer saxonnoro
npxama n xopomnx pyse!
Cuacrnnnt re, xro nnnr cnon omnxn n ne nnnr uyxne,
n rope rem, xro ne nnnr cnonx, no nnnr uyxne. o xaxnx nop
rt yemt nnert copnnxn n rnasax oxpyxammnx n ne sameuart
penno n cnoem rnasy? o xaxnx nop rt yemt nosnennunnart
cex n ynnxart yuentx? Pasne rt ne cntman cnon Hocnannnxa
Annaxa: Bcnomnnare cnonx noxontx rontxo opom, net
onn yxe ram, xya mnn
651
. snam, uro rt mne cxaxemt. Tt
naunemt ronopnrt, uro +rn nmn ne nosnann Hcnam, npnme-
mn x nam c nosynrom xnxaa. Her, naoopor, nmenno onn no-
snann Hcnam nepno n saxptnn rnasa na ro, uro nx ne xacaercx.
Kax cxasan o +rom Hocnannnx Annaxa: Hyumn Hcnam +ro
ocrannenne roro, uro rex ne xacaercx
652
.
3 rt, x ynemenam rex nmenem Annaxa. Hepecrant npe-
nrt nam. Mt snaem, uro rt onaaemt xpacnopeunem n ymenn-
em npnnonrt onot. 3na xe, uro Hpopox (c.r.c.) ne nmnn,

nmamxn am-Ba]nrn, nsnecrnomy xax Hn Kat Byxa (ym. 851r. (1447r.)).
Hepy +roro uenonexa npnnanexar xnnrn Taaxar ]yxaxa am-ma]nrnx,
Ta]cnp an-Kypan an-xapnm, As-3an ranx rapnx as-3axan n pyrne.
Vnomxnyrax pyxonnct tna nepenncana c pyxonncn xasnx xasnen Fypxany-
nna, nsnecrnoro xax Hn xamara (ym. 790r. (1388r.), a ra, n cnom ouepet,
tna nepenncana c pyxonncn xa]nsa ]axnxa Ay Carna an-Ianan a-
nmamxn (ym. 761r. (1359r.)), nepy xoroporo npnnanexnr onee rpnnarn
xnnr no pasnnuno remarnxe. On xe sanncan +ro nacrannenne co cnon camoro
nmama as-3axan. Kpome +roro cymecrnyer n pyrax pyxonnct +roro nacran-
nennx. Ona xpannrcx n ap an-xyry as-saxnpnx n amacxe no nomepom
1347. Kpome roro, rexcr +ro pyxonncn npnneen n xnnre xa]nsa ac-Caxann
An-Hrnxn n ar-raynx nnman samma ar-rapnx n n xnnre camoro as-3axan
Cnxp arnxm an-nyanx.
651
Hpnnonrcx y an-Fyxapn n an-Hacan.
652
Hpnnonrcx y ar-Tnpmnsn.
298
xora saamr mnoro nonpocon. B onom ns ero xancon cxasano:
Fontme ncero nx cnoe ymmt x omct xpacnopeunntx nnne-
mepon
653
. Fecnounennoe mnorocnonne ymepmnnxer cepna, axe
n rom cnyuae, ecnn ono cnxsano c osnonenntm. uro xe rt yma-
emt no nonoy mnorocnonnx n ornomennn peue ]nnoco]on n
nenepntx? o xaxnx nop rt yemt nnrnponart peun nenepntx
]nnoco]on, na xoropte nam npnxonrcx orneuart onoamn pa-
syma? Tt orpannncx xamn ]nnoco]nn n omen o ro crenenn,
uro cran npnnnctnart Annaxy renecnocrt. Kax cnntno x cxyuam
no rem nmxm, xoropte unrann Kopan n saymtnannct na ero
cmtcnom, ynomnnann Annaxa n crpamnnnct Ero, monuann n y-
mann. Kora mt ncnomnnaem o +rnx npanennxax, na nac nnc-
xonr oxecrnennax mnnocrt, no ona ne yer nncxonrt, ecnn
mt yem nx npoxnnnart.
Meu Xaxaxa n xstx Hn Xasma tnn ouent nnsxn
pyr x pyry, rt xe ncnontsonan n nepnoe, n nropoe. Tt ox-
nnn cynno n ocnono ranxna re nra, xoropte mt cunrann
nepxom sanyxennx. Tex, xro ne cneyer sa roo, rt nastna-
emt nenepntmn n ocnamn. Tex, xro orxastnaercx onnnxrt nm-
e n nenepnn, rt oxnnxemt onee nenepntmn, uem ]apaon.
Tt nocexn n ymax nme crontxo comnenn, uro yemt cua-
crnnn, ecnn rex npnsnamr nepymmnm.
Iope rem, xro nocneonan sa roo, net onn nnann n
epect. Bce rnon nocneonarenn nenexecrnennte rnynnt, roro-
nte samnmart rex, no na camom ene onn rnon nparn. Hocmor-
pn, xro sa roo cneyer. Pasne +ro ne npocronmnnt n nenex-
t? Ecnn rt ne nepnmt monm cnonam, oparn cno nsop na no-
cneonarene
654
.
O nepymmn, cxontxo xe rt eme, noanaxct cnonm
crpacrxm n xenannxm, yemt npenrt npanennxam? Cxontxo
npemenn rt eme yemt nrn na nonoy cnonx xenann? o xa-
xnx nop rt yemt nosnennunnart cex n ynnxart pyrnx? o
xaxnx nop rt yemt noxnanxrtcx cnonmn peuamn, ocrannxx o-

653
Hpnnonrcx y Axmaa.
654
Touno raxne xe nocneonarenn y conpemenntx naxxanron.
299
cronepnte xanct? o xaxnx nop rt yemt orneprart, onpo-
neprart, oxnnxrt cnatmn ocronepnte xanct
655
?
He nacrano nn npemx oymartcx? He nacrano nn npemx
noxaxrtcx? Pasne rt ne pasmenxn cetmo ecxrox? Pasne ne
npnnnsnncx mnr npomannx c +rnm mnpom? Bet rt n ne yma-
emt o cmeprn, naoopor, nacmexaemtcx na remn, xro ronopnr o
ne
656
. ymam, uro rt ne yemt cneonart +romy nacranne-
nnm, net rt ncera orneuan na mon cnona mnorouncnenntmn
romamn xnnr. Bnnmo, rt yemt npoonxart cnoe eno o rex
nop, noxa o ree ne cxaxyr: Haxonen-ro samonuan.
Tt samernn, xax ornomyct x ree x, rno tnmn pyr n
nocneonarent. A snaemt nn rt, xax ornocxrcx x ree rnon npa-
rn? Cpen nnx ouent mnoro npanennxon n ynaxaemtx yuentx,
uro xe xacaercx rnonx nocneonarene, ro cpen nnx onn nxe-
nt, pacnyrnnxn n nenext.
naroapen ree sa rnom xpnrnxy, net rt yxastnaemt
mne na mon omnxn. B onom ns ntcxastnann cxasano: a na-
crannr Annax na npxmo nyrt roro, xro yxasan na mon omnxn.
Iope mne, ecnn x ne ycnem noxaxrtcx, enncrnenntm nexapcr-
nom nx menx xnnxercx oxecrnennoe npomenne. Xnana Annaxy,
Iocnoy mnpon, narocnonenne Annaxa namemy rocnonny Hpo-
poxy n Hocnannnxy Myxammay (c.r.c.), a raxxe nce ero cemte n
cnonnxnnxam.
Hmam as-3axan tn onnm ns yuennxon Hn Temnn, no,
nonxn omnounocrt ne cnoero yunrenx, noxnnyn ero n onroe
npemx naexncx na ero noxaxnne. Onaxo, nnx, uro on ne xena-
er pacxannartcx, n oxct sa monotx maxnpon, on nanncan xnn-
ry Faxn sarn an-rnnm na ar-rana, nepensannym no peaxnn-
e an-Kaycapn
657
. B +ro xnnre na c. 23 on aer cneymmn co-
ner: Hsyua ocnonnoe n uacrnoe, nornxy, mypocrt, ]nnoco-
]nm, nen pannnx yuentx, no ncera npnepxnnacx Kopana,
cynnt n npnnnnnon, sanoxenntx cana]amn. H x naemct, uro

655
Hn Temnx ornepr ouent mnorne ocronepnte xanct.
656
Hmam as-3axan ne npeynennunnaer, net on n cnoe npemx tn yuennxom
Hn Temnn n snaer cyrt ero yexenn n manept.
657
Hcenocana]nrt ouent cnntno nenannxr +roro uenonexa.
300
rora c roo ne nponsoer ro, uro nponsomno c Hn Temne.
On onycrnncx o roro, uro nauan orpexartcx, onnnxrt n nene-
pnn n nxn, a net o +roro on tn uenonexom, nponnsanntm
cnerom. Ho, x coxanennm, +ror cner nomepx.
Kax nnnre, ynaxaemt unrarent, nmam as-3axan eper
ypoxn ns xnsnn Hn Temnn, n npeocreperaer maxnpon, uro-
t onn ne onycrnnnct o raxoro yponnx.
=eZ\Z \hkvfZy
K d_f ^jm`Zl \ZooZ[blu?
Cexra naxxanron npaxena xo ncem mycyntmancxnm
nnxennxm, no nx mnennm, nepntm xnnxercx rontxo nyrt ncen-
ocana]nsma. Hmenno no+romy, nsyuax nx ncropnm, nt moxere
ynnert, xax mnoro onn noenann c mycyntmanamn, onnnxnn n
nenepnn n pacnyrcrne mycyntmancxnx yuentx. Ho npn +rom onn
ouent pyxecrnennt no ornomennm x nyexm n xpncrnanam.
3rn nmn mnnocepnt x nenepntm n xecroxn x mycyntmanam.
Bcnomnnre xanct, n xoroptx Hpopox (c.r.c.) ronopnn: .onn
yyr ynnart mycyntman.; .onn ne npnxocnyrcx x xstu-
nnxam.; .onn yyr rnopnrt mepsxne exnnx. Hmenno o
+rom mt n noronopnm n +rom pasene.
IjbagZgby
Eme nuepa meu naxxanron npecneonan mycyntman, ce-
ronx +rnm sannmaercx nx xstx. Baxxanrt c nomomtm nnre-
nexryantntx cpecrn npecneymr mycyntmancxnx yuentx cero-
nx, nx roro urot oxnnrt osnonenno nx xpont sanrpa.
Bex Xann nn Xamn an-Iacxanxnn n xnnre Ap-Pyy ac-
cana]nx ranx yrar ac-cana]nx
658
(r. 1, c. 66) no +romy nonoy
nnmer: Xouercx oparnrt nnnmanne na ornomenne namnx pa-
rten cana]nron x namnm partxm n Anxnpe. Cana]nrt nnnma-

658
3ra xnnra pacnpocrpanena n Xannxe, no no nonxrntm npnunnam n ne ne
yxasano nasnanne nsarentcxoro oma. B xnnre anrop orneuaer na nexoropte
nexnnn naxxanron, nsannte na ayno-xaccerax, n na ne xnnrn unxx an-
naxnr ana an-nasapnx na ar-rarnx n Pyx naxnrnx ]n an-manaxnx a-
arannx.
301
rentno cnexr sa nx ecrnnxmn, no nn onn ns nnx ne ormernn
nx ycnexon, onn opamamr nnnmanne rontxo na omnxn nro-
ptx
659
. Hanpnmep, onn saxnnxmr: emoncrpannn n yuacrne n
mecrntx ntopax sanpemamrcx. A, moxer trt, nmecro +roro
cneyer npocro nomout cnonm partxm? Her, naoopor, naxxan-
rt roront nm nanpenrt, nmenno no+romy onn onnnnnn mexa
Iaaca an-Maann, pyxononrenx uponra cnacennx, n rom,
uro on eper nsxrxn. Paccxastnamr, uro no npemx ono ns ero
ncrpeu c monotmn cana]nramn pasropencx cnop no nonoy
nponnxennx npecrannrene Fparten-mycyntman na rocy-
apcrnennte nocrt, onn saxnnxnn, uro +ro npnnecer nontsy
Hcnamy, pyrne yrnepxann, uro +ro npnnecer npe. Annax cnxr,
ner cnnt n morymecrna nn y xoro, xpome Hero. Pasne moxno no-
ontm opasom paccyxart o namnx partxx n Anxnpe? Bamn
cnona yxastnamr nnmt na ]anarnsm, xenanne npnnanexart x
xonxperno naprnn, samnmart nnrepect orentnoro nnxennx.
A re xe rora mecro ncnamcxomy parcrny? Hpnnecer nn raxax
nosnnnx nontsy ncnamcxomy npnstny n nospoxennm? Xouercx
ormernrt, uro partx cana]nrt n camn eme ne onpeennnnct co
cnoe nosnnne, nmenno no+romy onn sanpemamr cosanne my-
cyntmancxnx naprn n yuacrne n nnx, a pyrne, naoopor, saxn-
nxmr o neoxonmocrn +roro. Onn sanpemamr annornponartcx
na ntopax n napnamenr n pasnnunte rocyapcrnennte oprant,
a pyrne saxnnxmr o neoxonmocrn +roro. uacrt cana]nron
xpnuar o amepnxancxom saronope, pyrne xe nastnamr ero o-
xecrnenntm ncntrannem. Cntma nce +ro, x xouy cxasart: 'Bt
cnonmn xe pyxamn yxe norynnn cana]nsm, raxoe omymenne,
uro nt cronopnnnct ne oennxrtcx. anee na c. 68 on nn-
mer: Fontmnncrno ncenocana]nron cunraer osnonenntm

659
Kax nn roptxo +ro cntmart, cana]nrt-naxxanrt camn npnsnamrcx n
yncrnax mycyntman Anxnpa, onn ns pyxononrene Boopyxennoro nc-
namcxoro ]ponra n nnrepntm Hononcxo rasere An-Xax or 4/9/1994r., c.
4, saxnnn: Hsnecrno, uro Boopyxennt ncnamcxn ]ponr npnepxnnaer-
cx cana]nrcxo axtt n nsnpaer cana]nrcxne npnemt n cpecrna. On ne-
npnmnpnm n ornomennn mnnron. Onn npnsnamrcx nepoorcrynnnxamn, nt-
crynnnmnmn npornn mapnara.
302
npenxrcrnonart n nasonnno npenrt mycyntmancxnm yuentm,
nponaranncram n noxxm pasnnuntx mycyntmancxnx nnxe-
nn. Hmenno no+romy onn nmxr opymnnartcx na nnx c xpnrn-
xo.
Bt samernnn, uro ncenocana]nrt nspann raxrnxy on-
nosnnnonnponannx n ornomennn ncex mycyntmancxnx naunna-
nn. Ho+romy nnonne nornuno, uro y mycyntman noxnnxercx no-
npoc: a, moxer trt, cana]nsm ncnontsyercx cnennantno nx
paspymennx Hcnama nsnyrpn? Moxer trt no nnunno samnrt
axtt xpoercx xenanne ee ynnuroxnrt?
<ZooZ[blu b bkeZfkdb_ ^\b`_gby
Baxxanrt npoxnnxmr orxptrym npaxy n ornomennn
ncex mycyntmancxnx ne. Onn npornnnnxn uertpex masxaon.
Hmenno onn oxnnnn o nenepnn xana]nra an-Kaycapn, ma]n-
rnra ac-Cyxn, xanannra Hn an-xansn. Hosnee onn ntcry-
nnnn npornn nepeontx ne raxnx mycyntmancxnx mtcnnre-
ne, xax Myxamma Ao, nmam mypmn Xacan an-Fanna, maxn
Cen an-Kyr n ocrantntx. Onn crporo cneymr npnmepy Hn
an-Kanma, saxnnnmero: Mt onxnt orxptro npaxonart c
remn, xro orpnnaer +ro.
660
Ho orpnnannem Hn an-Kanm
nmeer n nny orpnnanne anrponomo]ncrcxo rpaxronxn cnx-
menntx rexcron c mnpoxnm cmtcnom. 3rn yuente rpaxronann
ynomxnyrte cnxmennte rexcrt ne n npxmom cmtcne, a n nepe-

660
Cm. ero no+my Am-Ba]nx ]n an-nnrncap nnn]npxa an-naxnx. B +ro
no+me on nsnaraer yuenne cnoero yunrenx Hn Temnn. B orner na +ry no+my
Ac-Cyxn nanncan xnnry Ac-Ca] ac-caxtn ]n ap-pa ranx Hn 3a]nn,
na c. 182 Ac-Cyxn nnmer: Tor, xro orstnaercx o mycyntmanax noontm
opasom, sacnyxnnaer rontxo meua. Taxax nosnnnx xamannron ne xnnxercx
cexperom, nanpnmep, nsnecrnt xamannrcxn mex an-Xacan nn an-Iaac
ap-Pycrymn (o xoropom as-3axan n Cnxp arnxm an-nyanx (r. 20, c. 435)
nncan: On tn cnnmxom xecrox n ornomennn cynnt, ro ecrt nspan npnn-
nnn ynoonennx n anrponomop]nsannn) n cnoem crnxornopennn xapaxrepn-
syer amapnron cneymmnm opasom: Amapnrt sanymne epernxn, onn
noont rem, xro noxnonxncx an-Hary n an-Iysse, onn orxptro saxnnxmr o
cnoem nenepnn n Iocnoa, saymarect na nx peuamn. Onn orpnnammne. 3rn
nmn nepnynnct x nepe cnonx npaornon.
303
nocnom, c conmennem ncex rpeonann apacxoro xstxa, ]pa-
seonornn n crnnncrnxn.
Baxxanrt npaxent xo ncem mycyntmancxnm reuenn-
xm. Bex Cannx nn uaysan an-uaysan, nepeuncnxx nparon nax-
xansma, nnmer: B nacroxmee npemx mt nepexnnaem nepno,
xora x nam no macxnponxo mycyntmancxoro npnstna nponn-
xamr pasnnunte noxnte nnxennx. Onn nmemr pasnnunte na-
snannx, nanpnmep, Hxnan mycnnmnn (Fpartx-mycyntmane),
Ar-Tannr n p. Onn npnxptnamrcx nosynramn nospoxennx
mycyntmancxoro npnstna, na camom xe ene npecneymr enn-
crnennym nent ynnuroxenne Hcnama. Ecnn +ro ne rax, ro no-
uemy onn noxnamr cnon crpant n eyr x nam, neyxenn mt
ontme nyxaemcx n npnstne, uem nx connemennnxn? Onn npn-
tnamr x nam, urot ncxasnrt nam uncrt npnstn, nnecrn n
sanyxenne namy monoext, nocexrt cmyry n npaxy. Onn nn-
xr enncrno namnx mycyntmancxnx rocyapcrn n npannrentcrn
n xenamr paspymnrt +ro enncrno.
661
Kax nnnre, naxxanrt
cunramr, uro xnnyr n xann]are, uro xe xacaercx ocrantntx
nnxenn, npoe Fparten-mycyntman, ro onn omnamrcx, no-
cxontxy tnn nneent n sanyxenne raxnmn nmtmn, xax Xa-
can an-Fanna
662
. Touno rax xe onn ornocxrcx n x pyrnm nnxe-
nnxm.
Conpemennoe naxxanrcxoe nnxenne n cnoe opte
npornn mycyntmancxnx reuenn ncnontsonano pasnnunte nyrn.
Hanpnmep, n opte npornn Fparten-mycyntman n 60-x roax
20 nexa onn ncnontsonann nenpnxsnt xamanx Iaynnactpa x
+ro naprnn. enannct nontrxn nounnnrt cee mexa Myxam-
maa Kyra, Myxammaa an-Iasann, xora xe onn ne ann pe-
syntraron
663
, naxxanrt nauann nsanart xnnrn, n xoroptx no-

661
Car nn Iapaxman an-Xycann. a-arna nnxnnax. Ba ma nxraccar nxn
xaspnra an-rapa na raxnnm manaxnx a-arna an-na]na nnxxa.
662
Cannm an-Xnnxnn, Carn Xanna. an-Hxnan an-mycnnmyn xamarar an-
mycnnmnn. C. 138.
663
Bex Myxamma Kyr, ntcrynax n 1997r. n onom ns orene Karapa c
nexnne na remy Kopan enncrnennt nyrt nospoxennx name nnnnnn-
sannn n xpnrnxyx nsrnxt naxxanron o rom, uro rpemnnxn nponeyr n Ay
304
nocnnn +rnx nme. B uacrnocrn, n xnnre An-Hxnan an-
mycnnmyn ]n an-mnsan onn ntcrynnnn c xpnrnxo Cana Kyr-
a, an-Iasann n Ay an-Anx an-Mayyn. axe Xacan an-Fanna,
npnstnanmn x oennennm pasnnuntx mycyntmancxnx nn-
xenn, noneprcx nx xpnrnxe.
Kpome roro, urot nocexrt posnt cpen mycyntman n oc-
nanrt nx enncrno, naxxanrt nauann cosanart n mycyntman-
cxnx crpanax cnon nenrpt, a raxxe oxastnart marepnantnym
noepxxy rem oprannsannxm, xoropte cexnn nenanncrt n posnt
n mycyntmancxom omecrne. Xouercx ormernrt, uro +ror nonpoc
noome nyxaercx n onee erantnom n rnyoxom nccneona-
nnn.
<deZ^ \ZooZ[blh\ \ hkgh\Zgb_ BajZbey
<\_^_gb_
Baxxanrt n naxxansm xnnxmrcx ernmem xpncrnancxo-
pnrancxo pasnexn, nentm xoropo tno ornneut nnnmanne
mycyntman or ecrnnrentno naxntx n nacymntx nponem.
Hmenno no+romy naxxanrt necxontxo pas npeann mycyntman
n n uacrnocrn oxasann ycnyry cnonnsmy, opyonanmemy pyxamn
anrnnuan, n saxnare nanecrnncxnx sement. H xouercx ormernrt,
uro cno nxna n +ro nnecnn ne rontxo npannrenn-naxxanrt, no
n nx yuente, onn ecrnonann pyxa o pyxy.
<ZooZ[blu hjm`b_ ojbklbZg
Hocne roro xax naxxanrt no npocte anrnnuan nsrnann
mapn]nra Xycena n ero ctna, Hanecrnna tna nepeana nye-
xm. B 1926r. na xon]epennnn o Hpannnax ynpannennx reppnro-
pnxmn Xnxasa mycyntmancxnmn crpanamn tn nonxr nonpoc
o neoxonmocrn ouncrnrt Hanecrnny, Cnpnm, Hpax n noepe-
xtx Apanncxoro nonyocrpona or nnosemnoro npncyrcrnnx, nax-
xanrt xe nacroxnn na rom, urot +ror nonpoc tn cnxr c none-
crxn nx.

ouent nenpoonxnrentnoe npemx, npeocreper mycyntman or noontx nos-
spenn, cxasan, uro onn npncymn nyexm.
305
<deZ^ \ZooZ[blh\ \ mgbqlh`_gb_ HkfZgkdhc bfi_jbb
Baxxanrt nnecnn cno nxna n n ynnuroxenne xann]a-
ra: no-nepntx, onn pacmartnann mycyntmancxoe enncrno nsny-
rpn, a no-nroptx, cnococrnonann nponnxnonennm xpncrnan n
nyeen n +ror pernon.
Pacmartnanne mycyntmancxoro enncrna saxnmuanoct n
rom, uro naxxanrt noenann npornn Ocmancxo nmnepnn n rex
npannrene, xoropte ee noepxnnann. ocrarouno roro, uro
naxxanrt no npemx nrnt npornn mapn]nra Macrya nn xtn
nn Fapaxara
664
ynnn ne rtcxun uertpecra conar-mycyntman
Ocmancxo nmnepnn.
Homomt xpncrnanam n nyexm n nponnxnonennn n pern-
on saxnmuanact n rom, uro onn ornnexnn nocxa An Pamna,
xora anrnnuane nroprnnct n Facpy, n xouercx ormernrt, uro
pnrannt npnsnamr +ror ]axr o]nnnantno
665
. Kpome roro, cno-
nmn naeramn n nonamn onn ornnexann mapn]nron, uro raxxe
cnococrnonano xononnsannn mycyntmancxnx crpan, cnecrnnem
xoropo cran saxnar Hanecrnnt cnonncramn. Oparnrect x
nennnxam Xanma Benmana, xoropt nnmer: Mt ne cmoxem
sannaert Hanecrnno o rex nop, noxa cymecrnyer Ocmancxax
nmnepnx, no+romy n opte c ne mt onxnt ncnontsonart
Fpnrannm. Ocmancxax nmnepnx pyxnyna, n cno nxna n +ro
nnecnn naxxanrt, ncxpennne
666
cnyrn xpncrnan n cnonncron.

664
Hn Famap. Iynnan an-max. - 1/113.
665
An-Xart. Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa an-rapanx. C. 226.
666
Hsnecrno, uro naxxanrt n none npornn Ocmancxo nmnepnn ncnontso-
nann nce nosmoxnte cpecrna. Anrop Iynnan an-max. mnoro nnmer o
rom, xax naxxanrt ynnann rypxon, nanpnmep, cm.: r. 2, c. 7 8. Onn ns
naxxanrcxnx noxe n cnoem nnctme x mapn]nry Iaynne nn an-Xyceny
or 14/10/1916r. nnmer: Kaxt uenonex, narpnornuno nacrpoennt x cnoe
pennrnn n apacxomy nponcxoxennm, onxen necrn xnxa npornn rypxon,
net nmenno onn ceronx xnnxmrcx snemnmn nparamn Hcnama n apaon. A
anrnnuane oxasannct pystxmn Hcnama, cm. Hactp an-uapax Knxm an-
rymap ac-Carynx. C. 46 47. Ho+romy-ro nac ceronx n ynnnxmr saxnne-
nnx conpemenntx naxxanron o rom, uro onn ne noenann c Ocmancxo nmne-
pne.
306
Vctnnxx nnnmanne mycyntman, naxxanrt cnyxar xpnc-
rnanam n nyexm
B 1936r. n Hanecrnne ncntxnyno noccranne npornn pn-
rannen, xoropte nororannnnann nouny nx nepeaun +rnx se-
ment nyexm-cnonncram. Baxxanrt n sect pemnnn nomout an-
rnnuanam, urot yctnnrt nrentnocrt mycyntman n ycnoxonrt
noccranne, rnant naxxanron nanncann nanecrnncxnm mycynt-
manam nnctmo-nossnanne: Hamnm partxm-apaam n Hanecrn-
ne! Mt ouent cnntno nepexnnaem sa nac n noepxnnaem nosn-
nnm apacxnx npannrene n n uacrnocrn +mnpa Iaynnt. B
cnxsn c +rnm mt npnstnaem nac x cnoxocrnnm, ocranonnre noc-
cranne n are nosmoxnocrt pnrancxnm nnacrxm noccranonnrt
cnpanennnocrt, no none Annaxa. Beptre, mt ncera yem no-
epxnnart nac.
B nrore npnstna nonarartcx na anrnnuan n na Annaxa na-
necrnncxne mycyntmane pasennnnct na na narepx, onn corna-
cnnnct c +rnm nossnannem, pyrne ner, no nocrenenno nce
cxnonnnnct x mnennm cornacnnmnxcx.
Baxxanrt ne orpannunnnct +rnm nossnannem, a npncna-
nn x pyxonoxme nepxymxe nanecrnnnen cnom enerannm, xo-
ropym rano nosrnannxn xon unnnnnn. Baxxanrt oparn-
nnct x nnm co cnonamn: .nacxontxo nam nsnecrno, y pnran-
nen ner xenannx nac omanyrt, onn n cnoe npemx oemann na-
mnm ponrenxm pemnrt nanecrnncxym nponemy. Ho nanec-
rnnnt nonxnn, uro nentm naxxanron tno noracnrt nnamx
xnxaa, no+romy no+r Iapaxnm Maxmy nm ornernn: nx
uero nt npnmnn? urot nocernrt meuert an-Axca, nnn xe nx
roro urot nonpomartcx c ne? Heyxenn nt conpaerect npo-
art +ry cnxrtnm, net sanrpa y nac ne ocranercx nnuero, xpome
cnes?
Mgb`_gb_ iZe_klbgkdhc ^_e_]Zpbb
Hosnee nanecrnncxax enerannx npntna x pyxononre-
nxm naxxanrcxoro rocyapcrna n npnnesna c coo nncronxn,
urot onecrn o nme nonoxenne nanecrnncxoro napoa. Ho
307
naxxanrt sanpernnn pacnpocrpanxrt +rn nncronxn n nenenn nx
cxeut.
<ZooZ[blu ijh^Zxl IZe_klbgm
Baxxanrt yxe nsanna tnn roront npoart Hanecrnny
nyexm. Bo npemx xon]epennnn 1341r. (1922r.) n an-Hxca pyxo-
nonrent naxxanrcxo enerannn nooeman pnrannam cney-
mmee: rtcxuy pas roron saxnnrt namemy pyry c+py Hepcn
Koxcy, nonnomounomy npecrannrenm Fpnrannn, uro nepe na-
mn ner nnxaxnx nperpa, mt roront nepeart Hanecrnny nyexm
nnn xomy-nno pyromy n sanncnmocrn or roro, uero noxenaer
pnrancxax cropona. Mt roront cnyxnrt Fpnrannn nnnort o
Cynoro nx
667
. Hnctmennte oxymenrt +ro xon]epennnn
tnn nonncant xoponem Iaynrasnsom. 13/9/1945r. n as-
3axpan npntn Hpnnx, nonepennt Fen Iypnona, ero ncrpernn
nacnennx npecrona uacan, nentm ero npnesa tno npone-
nne nycroponnnx oronopon. Hpnmepno n ro xe npemx naxxa-
nrcxax enerannx, nosrnannxemax xonom unnnnnn
668
, npnt-
na n Honon nx yuacrnx n xon]epennnn Bosnpamenne nyeen
na semnm oeronannym (Hanecrnny). Bo npemx +ro xon]epen-
nnn unnnnnn nnec npenoxenne ocnoonrt nce apacxne crpa-
nt
669
or xononnantnoro pexnma n omen na nepeauy nce Ha-
necrnnt nyexm.

667
Pyxononn +rnm npoexrom mex Iaynna unnnnnn, xoropt nosnee
npnsnancx, uro pnrancxax pasnexa nnarnna rnane naxxanrcxoro rocyapcr-
na no 500 xynexon exemecxuno, a xora naxxanrt n 1952r. +xcrpanpona-
nn ero ns crpant, on rposnncx pacxptrt +ry rany ncemy mnpy. Apcep Hopn,
nocon Hspannx n Honone, raxxe npnsnancx, uro naxxanram tna npeno-
xena nsxrxa n pasmepe 20 mnnnnonon onnapon, npnuem Xanm Benman nnuno
snan o +rom.
668
unnnnnn ouent onroe npemx ncnonnxn oxsannocrn mnnncrpa nnemnnx
en KCA, n ro xe npemx naunnax c 12 ner on roronnn x +ro onxnocrn
npnnna uacana.
669
Cm. unnnnnn. Copox ner na Apanncxom nonyocrpone, Xapn Xamma.
Armnar an-ncrnrmap, Hactp ac-Carn. Tapnx An Cary, Ay an-Ianx
ar-Taxnn. An-unpxa an-naxxanx ]n xnmar man?, Hactp an-uapax. Kn-
xm an-rymap ac-Carynx. C. 46.
308
H]jZgbq_gby
Hocne nropo mnpono nont n apacxom omecrne na-
uann cntmartcx ronoca, rpeymmne ocynrt noepxxy, oxast-
naemym amepnxannamn enpexm, n orner na +ro 20 anrycra 1945r.
nnacrn KCA nanpannnn axrnnncram +roro nnxennx renerpammy,
n xoropo ronopnnoct: .o nac omnn cneennx, uro rpaxa-
namn apacxnx rocyapcrn ntcxastnamrcx nen o neoxonmoc-
rn cosannx oprannsannn, xoropax samercx paspemennem nane-
crnncxo nponemt. Mt cunraem, uro +ro ne npnnecer nnxaxo
nontst. O uem nt yere pasronapnnart no npemx cnonx xon]e-
pennn? Moxer trt saxnmunre xaxne-nno oronopt, a, moxer
trt oxnnre nony? Mt npenaraem nanpannrt nonx enera-
ron apacxnx crpan, onnm ns nnx yer Iapaxman Iassam,
urot onn ntcrynnnn n CBA n xauecrne npecrannrene n nt-
cxasann t cnon noxenannx no annomy nonpocy. Hepe ores-
om Iapaxmana Iassama n CBA nnacrn KCA ann cnoe corna-
cne na nsanne rasert apacxnm ynnnepcnrerom, onaxo nocone-
ronann xoppecnonenram ne xpnrnxonart amepnxannen n anrnn-
uan: Mt npocnm namnx xypnanncron, urot onn tnn ecnpn-
crpacrnt, ne xpnrnxonann anrnnuan n amepnxannen. Haoopor,
nycrt onn nmyr onot, oxastnammne cnpanennnocrt +rn
nme, n mt naeemcx, uro no none Annaxa +ro npnneer x no-
noxnrentntm pesyntraram
670
.

670
Cen Kyr n 1946r. n xypnane Ap-Pncana no +romy nonoy n crarte
Hacran uepe apaon, xax xe onn nocrynxr? nanncan: Cpen nac cnnmxom
mnoro ymntx nme, conerymmnx ne cnemnrt n nsnpart mnpnte nyrn
paspemennx nponem. Onn yrnepxamr, uro n +rom cnyuae mt coxpannm o
cee xopomee mnenne n rnasax nnnnnnsonannoro, ro ecrt sanano-
enponecxoro, mnpa. Ho uero xe mt ocrnrnn, n pesyntrare nocroxnnoro
oxnannx? anee, ynomxnyn ynnxennx, on npoonxaer: Hocne +roro na-
cran uepe enpecxnx reppopncron, xoropte nauann pasronapnnart c anrnn-
uanamn na enncrnenno nonxrnom nm xstxe. Tora namn yuente myxn
saxnnnn: Ocrantre nce xax ecrt. Hycrt enpen npoonxamr cno reppop. B
xoneunom nrore onn norepxmr cnmnarnn nnnnnnsonannoro mnpa, a mt, na-
oopor, npnoperem nx. B nrore nponsomno oparnoe, CBA ncrann na cro-
pony enpeen, nosnonnnn nm ecnpenxrcrnenno nepecenxrtcx c Hanecrnny n
npenoxnnn cosart xomnccnm, xoropax samercx paccneonannem npecryn-
309
Mgb`_gb_
Baxxanrt ne npenpnnxnn nnxaxnx mep nx roro, urot
npeornparnrt pasenenne Hanecrnnt. Ecnn t onn npnrposnnn
npexparnrt nocranxn ne]rn, ro, xoneuno xe, mnp ncran t na nx
cropony, onaxo +ro ne tno cenano. B 637 nomepe ernnercxoro
xypnana Axnpy cararnn or 18 max 1966r. nanecrnncxn xyp-
nanncr n nncarent Ay 3axapn nanncan: Tenept nacran uepe
CBA, onn pemnnn noennrt Hanecrnny mexy enpexmn n apa-
amn. Hexoropte npecrannrenn apacxo enerannn xenann
nomemart +romy, nexro +mnp Iann Apcna cxasan eneraram:
Hepe namn ouent ntront oxymenr, no nt onrect sanrpt-
nart c nnm; a onomy ns naxxanron on saxnnn: Ecnn t nt
ornpannnnct x mnnncrpy nnemnnx en CBA n npnrposnnn t
npexparnrt nocranxn ne]rn, ro nect xonrpecc ncran t na cro-
pony apaon. Apat naxasann +ro enerannn samnmart cnon
nnrepect. Ho ee rnana omanntm nyrem yenn ncex unenon e-
nerannn n rom, uro CBA npornn pasena Hanecrnnt. unent e-
nerannn, nepx n ro, uro nx npenonrent xnnxercx nnsxnm py-
rom xopxa Basopra, conernnxa amepnxancxo enerannn,
nocneonann ero conery.
Kpome roro, enerannn apacxnx crpan nanpannnn n cro-
nnny KCA renerpammy c npenoxennem oxasart annenne na
CBA, nooeman npexparnrt nocranxn ne]rn. Ho orrya npnmen
orner: Mt cronm na samnre npan amepnxannen, nocxontxy Ko-
pan oxsan nac x +romy.
Ihiuldb \ZooZ[blh\ hk\h[h^blv IZe_klbgm
Bo npemx nont sa ocnooxenne Hanecrnnt, nauanme-
cx 15 max 1948r., nnacrn KCA nanpannnn or 60 o 200 cnonx ne
oyuenntx conar, urot onn noenann na cropone mycyntman.
Onaxo n +ro neontmoe nopasenenne ne cmorno nonacrt na

nenn n pemennem +ro nponemt. Apat nauann nosmymartcx, no mype-
nt cxasann: 'He cnemnre noccranart, nycrt +rn rnynnt enpen enamr cnoe
eno, nycrt npoonxamr reppop, mt xe c namn sacnyxnm cnmnarnn nnnnnn-
sonannoro mnpa. Tenept nt nonnmaere, nouemy +rn mypte naxxanrt
nenannenn Cena Kyra?
310
none cpaxennx, nocxontxy xopont Bocrouno Hopannn ne an
nm nosmoxnocrn npoexart no reppnropnn cnoero rocyapcrna.
Hosnee nce +rn conart tnn nanpannent n ernnercxne noen-
nte yunnnma, nocxontxy noome ne ymenn noenart.
Kpome roro, nnacrn KCA, nx roro urot nomout nanec-
rnnnam, nocrannnn nm opyxne. O +rom opyxnn Taxa an-
Xamnmn, onn ns noenauantnnxon, cxasan cneymmee: 3ra
naprnx opyxnx tna ocrannena camonerom na noennt sano n
Cnpnn. Ham npecroxno ero paccoprnponart, no mt ne cmornn
+roro cenart, noromy uro ono tno conepmenno pasntm. Tam
tnn maysept, maprnnt, ]pannyscxne, anrnncxne, ocmancxne,
ernnercxne n rpeuecxne nnnronxn. Hn y ono ns +rnx nnnronox
ne tno marasnna, mt noome ne cmornn nmn nocnontsonartcx.
anee on npoonxaer: Cpen +rnx nnnronox mt namnn axe
]nrnntnt n xpemnnent mymxer, +rn nnnronxn ncnontsona-
nnct no npemx non mexy naxxanramn n ernnercxo apmne n
nauane enxrnanaroro nexa.
LZcgh_ ij_^Zl_evkl\h
Baxxanrt oxnnct, uro nona sa ocnooxenne Hanec-
rnnt sarxnercx, no+romy nauann necrn rante neperonopt c
amepnxannamn n pnrannamn, npnstnax rex npnrposnrt oenm
croponam. B paccexpeuennom nnctme amepnxancxoro nonepenno-
ro n xne or 8 xnnapx 1949r. paccxastnaercx o rom, xax no
npemx ncrpeun npecrannrene CBA, Bennxopnrannn n KCA
npecrannrent nocnennx ntcxasan cnon onacennx no nonoy
roro, uro sarxnynmaxcx nona moxer yrpoxart mnpy n crannt-
nocrn no ncem pernone, n npenoxnn CBA n Bennxopnrannn
ntcrynnrt c rpeonannem npexparnrt noennte ecrnnx, a n
cnyuae orxasa npnnxrt +xonomnuecxne n noennte canxnnn npo-
rnn oenx cropon.
BklbggZy p_gZ IZe_klbgu \ ]eZaZo \ZooZ[blh\
xon unnnnnn n cnoe xnnre Copox ner na Apanncxom
nonyocrpone, paccxastnax o ornomennn naxxanron x nonpocy
o Hanecrnne, nnmer: Bonpoc o Hanecrnne ne nonnonan +rnx
nme, onn cunrann, uro Hanecrnna ne cronr roro, urot nop-
311
rnrt cnon pyxecrnennte cnxsn c anrnnuanamn n amepnxanna-
mn. H anee, npoonxax: Cyty Hanecrnnt onn nonnocrtm
onepnnn cnonm nyumnm pystxm-anrnnuanam n tnn roront
nounnnrtcx nmomy rpeonannx Bennxopnrannn.
< wlhf g_l gbq_]h m^b\bl_evgh]h
Onnm ns ycnonn corpynnuecrna anrnnuan c naxxan-
ramn tno ro, uro nocnenne ne onxnt nmemnnartcx n xono-
nnsaropcxym nonnrnxy anrnnuan n pernone, n rom uncne ne
onxnt npenxrcrnonart saxnary Hanecrnnt. Baxxanrt ne
rontxo opoconecrno ntnonnnnn +ro ycnonne, no n, onee roro,
noconeronann pasennrt Hanecrnny mexy apaamn n enpexmn,
urot nepnte ne ouent cnntno nosmymannct.
Ih^ehklv \ZooZ[blkdbo fZde_jh\ b iZljbhlbaf kmelZgZ
=Z[^meoZfb^Z
671

Hs paccexpeuenntx pnrano-amepnxancxnx apxnnon, npn-
snann unnnnnn n crare 1964r. Apcapa Hopn, ntcrynnnmero n
samnry Xanma Benmana, crano xcno, uro naxxanrt npoann
Hanecrnny sa nanart mnnnnonon ]ynron crepnnnron. Apcap
Hopn saxnnxer, uro +ra nex npnnanexana xony unnnnnn.
G_baf_ggZy iheblbdZ \ZooZ[blh\
Hpearentcxax nonnrnxa naxxanron ne nsmennnact
nnnort o namnx ne. Onn ne yuacrnonann n nonax apacxnx
crpan npornn Hspannx, nnxora ne ntcrynann npornn xpncrnan
n nyeen. Haoopor, onn ncera crapannct yrnxomnpnrt apaon,
a nnora axe noxynann nx nsxrxamn, urot re ne ntcrynann
npornn npara.
Hgb ih^dmiZxl
B 1967r. nauanact apao-nspanntcxax nona, a 6 nmnx ro-
ro xe roa xopont KCA, ntcrynax n Mycraxannx, saxnnn: o-
porne partx, x nepnyncx x nam or namnx amepnxancxnx n enpo-
necxnx parten, xoroptx nt rax cnntno nmnre n xoropte nm-
xr nac. Kora xe ns ronnt nocntmannct nporecrt n rpeo-

671
Hsnecrno, uro on orxasancx npoart Hanecrnny enpexm. n.n.
312
nannx npexparnrt nocranxn ne]rn, nonnnecxne nauann nsn-
nart nme ynnxamn.
Kpome roro, onn ncera ntrannct yrnxomnpnrt ronoca
rex, xro saxnnxn o neoxonmocrn ocnooxennx Hepycannma n
meuern an-Axca. B uacrnocrn mex Acra ar-Tamnmn, nmam me-
uern an-Axca, paccxastnan, uro n 1967r. naxxanrt ntrannct
noxynnrt ero n npenarann onn mnnnnon onnapon, urot on
nepecran enart saxnnennx o neoxonmocrn ocnooxennx na-
necrnncxnx sement n omem, n meuern an-Axca n uacrnocrn.
AZq_f \h_\Zlv k _\j_yfb?
B 1958r. o]nnept-naxxanrt nanpannnn n mnnncrepcrno
oopont KCA renerpammy, n xoropo coomanoct, uro noennte
xopann Hspannx npnmnapronannct x eperam KCA n nauann
ntcaxy ecanra na namy semnm. Onn npononnpymr namn no-
pasenennx, no+romy mt npocnm paspemennx orxptrt oront no
namnm nparam cnonncram. B orner npnmna renerpamma: Onn
ne nanayr na nac, noxa nt ne yere nx araxonart. 3nare, uro
nn onn nye ne cronr roro, urot na nnx rparnrt narpont,
Annax n Kopane cxasan: Wlh bo jmdb [m^ml kdh\Zgu, b ijh-
deylu hgb (5:64). Bor raxnm opasom naxxanrt sanrptnamr
co cnonamn Annaxa.
?\j_b-^jmavy
Paccxastnax o ornomennxx mexy naxxanramn n enpe-
xmn xouercx npnnecrn nnrary ns amepnxancxnx raser o nepemo-
nnn ncrpeun xoponx KCA n CBA: Ero ncrpeuann npecrannre-
nn cpecrn maccono nn]opmannn, n n uacrnocrn upanx, ocno-
narent cnonncrcxo oprannsannn Xaapen, nsamme n Hanec-
rnne ononmennym rasery
672
.
Fbjguc ^h]h\hj k _\j_yfb
Mnorne nmn ne noospenamr o rom, uro nonnrnxa nax-
xanron nsanna opnenrnponana na noxe cnonnsma. Ecnn nt
oparnre nnnmanne na naxxanrcxne npasnnxn, xoropte onn
nponoxr na 3anae, ro n uncne npnrnamenntx na nepnom mecre

672
Exenennax rasera Seattle Post Intelligence or 12 mapra 1985r.
313
nt ynnnre nmena enpeen-cnonncron, npecrannrene CMH.
Baxxanrt axe ne cxptnann ror ]axr, uro nonncann K+mn-
enncxn oronop 1979r.
B 1969r. onn ns noxe naxxansma n nnrepntm nx
Bamnnrron nocr saxnnn: Mt c enpexmn nomponte partx,
no+romy ne onycrnm nx nsrnannx, mt xenaem xnrt c nnmn n
mnpe
673
; a 15 nmnx 1975r. onn ns npecrannrene nonnrnuec-
xo +nnrt saxnnn: Mt roront npnsnart Hspannt. onaxo
rontxo nocne roro, xax on yperynnpyer cnon ornomennx c coce-
xmn n onpeennrcx co cnoe nonnrnxo n ornomennn nanec-
rnnnen; xora xe y nero cnpocnnn: uro snaunr onpeennrtcx c
nonnrnxo n ornomennn nanecrnnnen? - on ornernn: Hspannt
nyume snaer, uro nmeercx n nny.
N_l\u, m]h^gu_ bm^_yf
Hex saxnmuennx mnpa c enpexmn nsnauantno npnnane-
xana naxxanrcxomy yxonencrny, a xora apacxne rocyapcrna
nauann cxnonxrtcx na cropony Ernnra, naxxanrt onexnn cnom
nem n onee npnnnexarentnt ]anrnx n n 1982r. no npemx
xon]epennnn n uace npenonecnn ee xax Apacxn npoexr
yperynnponannx nnxnenocrouno nponemt. Apacxne npa-
nnrentcrna npnnxnn +ry nem n nauann ncxart nonte, ne noen-
nte
674
nyrn paspemennx +rnx nponem. C nentm npoonxennx
+ro nonnrnxn naxxanrcxoe yxonencrno nauano nsanart co-
ornercrnymmne ]ernt.
Bo-nepntx, Hn Fas nsan ]erny, paspemammym saxnm-
unrt mnpnt oronop c enpexmn, cornacno ]erne onycxanoct
saxnmuenne n npemennoro, n nocroxnnoro oronopa. Kpome roro,
on oxnnn cynno nocemenne meuern an-Axca. 3ra ]erna mo-
xer trt nno cnnerentcrnom nenexecrna ee anropa, nnn xe on
npenamepenno ntraercx yronrt enpexm-cnonncram. 3axnmue-
nne oronopa anromarnuecxn cnmnonnsnpyer npnsnanne npano-

673
Washington posts or 17/9/1969r. 3ro nnrepntm tno nepeneeno na
apacxn xstx n nsano n nexoroptx apacxnx raserax, n n uacrnocrn n e-
pyrcxo rasere An-Xax.
674
Baxxanrt ropxrcx +ro nee.
314
mepnocrn saxnara nanecrnncxnx sement, n n uacrnocrn meuern
an-Axca. Kpome roro, oronop xnnxercx orxptrtm npearentcr-
nom nanecrnnnen. uro xe xacaercx nocemennx meuern an-Axca,
ro na annt momenr +ro yer cnococrnonart rontxo ycnne-
nnm +xonomnxn Hspannx.
Ho uro ynnnrentno, mex Hn Fas, npnstnanmn x
cnnxennm c enpexmn, nnxora ne npnstnan x cnnxennm c my-
cyntmancxnmn masxaamn.
Taxxe opamaer na cex nnnmanne n ror ]axr, uro my]-
rn KCA sanpernn corpynnuecrno c pasnexo CCCP, pao-
ranme npornn cnencnyx Hspannx, n ocynn ecrnnx xama-
nx Iaynnactpa. Hosnee mex Hn Fas nsan ]erny, cornacno
xoropo nyexm n xpncrnanam nosnonxnoct naxonrtcx na rep-
pnropnn KCA. Fonee roro, naxxanrcxne cnxmennnxn opama-
nnct c montamn sa amepnxancxnx noenntx, xoropte mnn yn-
nart npaxcxnx xenmnn, crapnxon n ere. On paspemnn ynnart
npaxnen, axe ecnn re conepmann monnrny. Hexoropte nmn, n
n uacrnocrn mex Rcy] an-Kapann ntrannct oxcnnrt +rn
]ernt crapocrtm Hn Fasa n annennem na nero co cropont
nnacre KCA, onaxo on saxnnn, uro nce +rn ]ernt tnn nsant
nm n spanom paccyxe n es ncxxoro npnnyxennx.
pyrax naxxanrcxax ]erna npnnanexnr Hactpynny
an-Anann, n ne on npnsnan nanecrnnnen noxnnyrt cnon semnn
n ocrannrt nx enpexm. 3ra ]erna tna onynnxonana mnornmn
mnpontmn CMH, a xynercxn xypnan An-Myxramar ony-
nnxonan no +romy nonoy ornert yuentx. Kpome roro, mex Ia-
nn an-uaxnp an-Vpynn ntcrynnn c necrxmnm onponepxennem
+ro ]ernt, nsanntm na ayno-xaccerax.
Kax nnnre, naxxanrt onaunnnct n pxct mycyntman-
cxnx cnxmennnxon n neyr exrentnocrt, yronym enpexm
675
n
xpncrnanam.

675
B amepnxancxnx nocxax, ecanrnponanntx na reppnropnm KCA, tnn n
enpen, onn ns nnx no npntrnn nonenonan semnm n cxasan: Haxonen-ro mt
nepnynnct x ree, o Xaap. Bor raxym ycnyry oxasann yuente naxxanrt
mycyntmanam ncero mnpa.
315
AZij_l ijhdeylbc \ Z^j_k bm^__\ b ojbklbZg
Kora mt, xaxn, npntnn n menncxn a+ponopr, cny-
xamne-ramoxennnxn nauann otcxnnart nam arax. Kax nt
ymaere, uro onn ncxann? Iamnm? Onnym? Her, onn ncxann
xnnrn n, onapyxnn xnnry mexa an-xarann Kanarn an-
Hcnam, oxnnnn nam, uro ona xnnxercx sanpemenno. Mt, na-
exct na nonnmanne, nontrannct oxcnnrt, uro +ra xnnra xn-
nxercx nnmt copnnxom no npany uertpex masxaon. Ho onn sa-
xnnnn, uro xnnry npnercx cxeut. Mt cxasann: Ho, moxer
trt, nt omnnnct. Onn ornernnn: Her, nmenno +ra xnnra,
nmenno c +rnm nasnannem sanncana n namem uepnom cnncxe.
Vnnnrentno, xnnrn mycyntmancxnx yuentx n uepnom cnncxe.
3rn nmn nommr c nmtmn npoxnnennxmn mycyntmancxo
mtcnn, onn cunramr, uro nect mycyntmancxn mnp onxen cne-
onart sa Hn Tamne n Hn an-Kanmom. Ho+romy ne xnre
or +rnx, uro onn yyr mtcnnrt nornuecxn.
uro noenart, mt nnmnnnct +ro xnnrn, no n Cynt
ent npexnnm cuer +rnm nmxm. 3nax nonnrnxy naxxansma,
mt npnernn x onee xnrpo ynonxe n nauann necrn npornn nero
opty no ncemnpno cern Hnrepner.
Eme ono xnnro, naxoxmecx n uepnom cnncxe, xnnx-
ercx Fasn an-maxxy ]n myxanx]ar an-nacapa na an-xxy,
npnnanexamax nepy mexa ac-Cannmn. Hs nasnannx xnnrn
nnno, uro anrop naxonrcx n onnosnnnn x nyexm n xpncrna-
nam. Baxxanrt npxmo na rpannne cxnramr +ry xnnry, no n ro
xe npemx n KCA paspemeno npoanart xnnry An-Hmrar na an-
myanaca
676
, npnnanexamym nepy Ay Xaxna ar-Tanxnn,
nmama meuern an-Xapam.
Btme tno cxasano, uro naxxanrt xnnxmrcx ernmem
anrnnuan, nentm +ro cexrt xnnxercx paspymenne Hcnama nsny-
rpn. Hmenno no+romy onn nocroxnno noenann c mycyntmanamn,
orxastnanmnmncx npnnnmart nx neonornm. Hx neonoramn
tnn xpncrnane, nx xoroptx, cornacno naxxansmy, axe A ne

676
B ne peut ner o sanperntx nacnaxennxx, romocexcyannsme n npenmo-
exnnn.
316
neuen. Ceronx xe onn ntcrynnnn c nono nee, nx yuente sa-
npernnn npoxnnnart nyeen n xpncrnan no npemx npononee. B
ocoom pacnopxxennn nx npononennxon or 13/5/1409r.
(22/12/1988r.) sa nomepom 3719 tno cxasano: . tno sameue-
no, uro nexoropte npononennxn n cnonx npononexx npoxnn-
namr nyeen n xpncrnan, npnuem ynomnnamr axe nasnannx ne-
xoroptx rocyapcrn. Kopan ne npnstnaer nac x +romy
677
. Taxo-
nt yexennx naxxanron, onn samnmamr nparon Annaxa, npn-
stnamr nmnrt nx n n ro xe npemx ynnamr mycyntman n o-
xnnxmr paspemenno nx xpont axe n an-Xapame. Hmenno no-
+romy, xora amepnxancxne nocxa nomnn n Hpax, cayncxne
npononennxn na mnnapax monnnnct sa nnx, nastnax nx nonn-
crnom Annaxa. Ho xouercx ormernrt, uro raxax nonnrnxa ne xn-
nxercx uem-nno nontm, xora anrnnuane saxnarnnn Facpy, nax-
xanrcxn +mnp nanpannn Hepcn Koxcy renerpammy, n xoropo
tno cxasano: Iocnonny Hepcn Koxcy, nonnomounomy npe-
crannrenm Bennxopnrannn, a nponnrcx ee cnana. Hacrynne-
nne namnx nocx n Hpaxe oxasano orpomnym nomomt mycyntma-
nam. Mt roront neuno cnyxnrt nam
678
.
Taxona roptxax npana naxxanrcxo ncropnn. 3rn nmn
n ceuac npoonxamr cnom nonnrnxy, nmenno no+romy onn
cxnramr nce neyronte xnnrn, ecnn xe noxnnxercx neoxon-
mocrt nsart xaxym-nno xnnry, xnnxmmymcx xnaccnuecxo, ro
onn nepe nsannem peaxrnpymr ee n nstmamr nce, uro ne co-
ornercrnyer nx neonornn
679
.
Bce, xro ne cornacen c nee sanpera npoxnxrn n apec
nyeen n xpncrnan, nonepramrcx ronennxm. Fonee roro, no-
nepramrcx ronennxm axe re, xro ntcrynaer c xpnrnxo xommy-

677
Myxamma nn Iaynna an-Macrapn. An-Annnx an-xarrnx. Myacca-
car ap-pa]n C. 67 70.
678
oxrop Myxamma Iay an-Xart. Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa an-
rapanx. ap an-mnrpax C. 98, rax xe cm. Hactp an-uapax. Knxm an-
rymap ac-Carynx. C. 69 70 n 89 90.
679
Cm. an-Kaycapn xommenrapnn x xnnre an-Acma na ac-ct]ar an-Faxaxn,
no peaxnne an-Kaycapn, c. 356.
317
nnsma. Hcxpennn naxxanr
680
, nanncanmn xnnry Ac-Cym]
an-arnpa ranx nntxa am-mymrnx an-xa]npa
681
, tn nnmen
rpaxancrna n nsrnan n Hemen. H n namn nn Hn Fas n emy no-
onte npoonxamr onnnxrt n pacnyrcrne n nra ncex, xro
npornnopeunr nx neonornn. Pasne cronr nocne +roro ynnnxrt-
cx romy, uro naxxanrt cxnramr mycyntmancxne xnnrn?
<ZooZ[blkdh-ojbklbZgkdb_ \h`^b
Ceronx mnorne npocrte mycyntmane ocyxamr nonpoc,
cnxsannt c ]erno naxxanrcxnx yuentx ornocnrentno onyc-
rnmocrn ncnontsonannx xpncrnancxo apmnn n none npornn
mycyntman. Kax nsnecrno, sa ncm ncropnm Hcnama noome nn-
xora ne nonnmancx +ror nonpoc, nonnmannct nonpoct o rom,
moxno nn nontsonartcx noepxxo nenepntx n none c nenep-
ntmn, no nnxora, nn onn ]axnx ne paspeman ncnontsonart
nenepntx n none npornn mycyntman. uro xe xacaercx naxxan-
ron, ro nx nnx ner raxnx nponem, n Hn Fas ne nepnt, xro
nsan ]erny o onycrnmocrn +roro. Eme o nero nepnte naxxa-
nrcxne +mnpt nontsonannct noepxxo anrnncxoro xpncrn-
ancxoro rocyapcrna n cnonx nonax npornn mycyntman. Hanpn-
mep, an-Hxca tn onnm ns ropoon Ocmancxo nmnepnn, nax-
xanrt, nmecro roro urot nounnxrtcx mycyntmancxomy xa-
nn]y, ntcrynnnn npornn nero n n 1210r. (1795r.) ocannn an-
Hxca. Hn Famap, ropennno onnctnax re cotrnx, paccxastna-
er o rom, xax or crpaxa y mnornx epemenntx xenmnn cnyunncx
ntxntm, paccxastnaer o rom, xax onn nanaann na nyrnnxon,

680
Hocneonarent Hn Temnn.
681
Anropom +ro xnnrn xnnxercx Myxnn nn Xan an-Banrn. Baxxanrt ne
nmenn nnuero npornn, xora on xpnrnxonan n nonocnn mycyntman, no nsrna-
nn ero, xora on nauan nonocnrt xommynncron. Mt xe ncera pyxonocrny-
emcx xopannuecxnm npannnom: H \u, dhlhju_ m\_jh\Zeb' ;m^vl_ klhcdb [\
\Zr_c \_j_ \] :eeZoZ, k\b^_l_evkl\my [_kijbkljZklgh. B imklv \ZrZ g_-
gZ\bklv d dhfm-eb[h g_ \_^_l \Zk d ijbkljZklbx. ;m^vl_ ijb\_j`_gu
kijZ\_^eb\hklb, b[h hgZ [eb`_ d [h]h[hyag_gghklb. KljZrbl_kv :eeZoZ,
\_^v :eeZo \_^Z_l h lhf, qlh \u l\hjbl_ (5:8). Pasne npannntno nocry-
namr mycyntmane, noepxnnammne rex, xro nonocnr mycyntman, n samn-
maer esoxnnxon?
318
rpannn nx n ynnann, necmorpx na nce +ro an-Hxca ne cxnonnn
cnom ronony nepe naxxanramn n ne nounnnncx nm.
DZd `_ bf m^Zehkv ih^qbgblv k_[_ wlhl ]hjh^?
Teppnropnx mexy Kynerom n Karapom nce eme ocrana-
nact n pyxax ocmannen, uro ocrannxno ontmne neyocrna an-
rnnuanam nx nponnxennx n Xannxe
682
. B cnxsn c +rnm onn c
yonontcrnnem nontsonannct noepxxo cnonx naxxanrcxnx
arenron, xoropte nocne nrnt npn ap-Pane, re tn ynr +mnp
Hexa Iaynrasns nn Pamn
683
, ntcxasann cnom roronnocrt
nanacrt na an-Hxca. B cnxsn c +rnm onn oparnnnct x anrnnua-
nam sa nomomtm, npocnnn nocrannrt opyxne n oxasart no-
epxxy c mopx. Hocxontxy y Fpnrannn n ee comsnnn tnn cnon
nnant, onn cunrann, uro npemx pemammero nacrynnennx eme ne
npnmno, ro naxxanron nonpocnnn ne cnemnrt. Tora naxxan-
rt oparnnnct sa nomomtm x c+py Hepcn Koxcy, nonepennomy
Fpnrannn n Xannxe
684
, no on raxxe nonpocnn nx ne cnemnrt.
B 1911r. onn oparnnnct c ro xe npocto x anrnn-
cxomy nonepennomy n Kynere nxcony, on nm ornernn, uro
Fpnrannx acr nm nosmoxnocrt sannaert an-Hxco, no rontxo
rora, xora +ro yer orneuart ee nnrepecam n xora Typnnx
yer ne n cocroxnnn orpasnrt nacrynnenne.
uepes na roa noxoxmn momenr nacrynnn, na Fanxa-
nax, Hemene n pyrnx oxpannax Ocmancxo nmnepnn nauannct
noccrannx, n Typnnx tna ntnyxena cocpeorounrt cnon no-
cxa nmenno n +rnx pernonax. Tora-ro n nacran uepe naxxan-
ron nanacrt na an-Hxca, nacrynnenne tno nasnaueno na 13 an-
penx 1913r. (xymaanynx 1331r.). Iopo tn nsxr npn no-
epxxe anrnncxoro opyxnx n crpareron. Xo n crparernx na-
crynnennx tnn paspaorant pnrancxnm o]nnepom Hermma-

682
Hactp an-uapax. Knxm an-rymap ac-Carynx. C. 33.
683
On tn ouent ymntm n antnonnntm uenonexom. Moxno cxasart, uro on
pantme ncex pacxycnn nnant anrnnuan, nmenno no+romy on nauan nncart
nnctma rypenxnm nnacrxm. Ono ns +rnx nncem tno nonyueno n Cramyne
17/6/1902r.
684
Hepcn 3axapnx Koxc nmen enpecxne xopnn n paoran na anrnncxym pas-
nexy.
319
nom. uro xe xacaercx opyxnx, ro pnrannt nocrannnn naxxan-
ram nonemne n ro npemx nnnonxn M11.
Kem`[Z [_ahiZkghklb \ZooZ[blh\
Pacnpana na xnrenxmn an-Hxca tna nopyuena naxxa-
nrcxomy nnemenn An xanann, nsnecrnomy cnonmn xponantmn
snoexnnxmn. Iopo nan uepes mecxn nocne nauana ocat, n n
nem noxnnnact nonax snamennrax Tmptma paon, xoropax
pantme tna nsnecrna xax Kpenocrt Hpaxnma. Boxt nne-
menn Iaynmyxcnn nn xanann nnuno noxoponnn xnntem
mnoxecrno mycyntman.
Xouercx ncnomnnrt eme onn momenr naxxanrcxo nc-
ropnn. Pyxononrenem cnyxt esonacnocrn naxxanron tn
nasnauen nye, arenr anrnncxo pasnexn, nsnecrnt xax
Maxn ex. On, ecrecrnenno, no pyxonocrnom xona unnnn-
nn npnnxn Hcnam, nocne uero sanxn +ror nocr. Ero xeprnamn
crann mnorne mycyntmane, ero npeporarnno tnn orceuennte
pyxn, norn, noct, nononte oprant n np. Bce +ro on enan pan
nocnnrannx noanntx n yxe Hcnama
685
.
H[yaZl_evkl\Z
B 2139 rome pnrancxoro apxnna coepxnrcx renerpamma
nnne-ryepnaropa anrnncxo xopont, n xoropo on coneryer
naxxanram, xax moxno tcrpee nsrnart rypxon ns an-Hxca n an-
Kart]a, urot nnne-ryepnarop Hnnn mor mnpntm nyrem
npncoennnrt +rn semnn x cnonm.
Onn ns naxxanron, sanxn pyxonoxmn nocr 13 nmnx
1913r., nanncan Hepcn Koxcy cneymmee: ncntrtnam x nam
pyxecrnennte uyncrna, no+romy naemct, uro ornomennx
mexy namn yyr raxnmn xe renntmn, xaxnmn onn tnn mex-
y namn n monmn npemecrnennnxamn
686
. Hornepxax ero

685
Hactp ac-Carn. Tapnx An Cary. C. 835, ar-Taxnn. An-unpxa an-
naxxanx ]n xnmar man?. C. 357.
686
Hmeercx n nny Myxamma nn Cary nn Mapyx. Hepeaercx, uro mex
Cyneman, e Myxammaa nn Iaynnaxxaa, nocnn nmx Bynman Kapxysn,
xnn n Typnnn n tn nyeem onma (enme). Bmecre c cemte on noxnnyn
rypenxn ropo Fypca n nepecennncx n Bam, no ncxope tn nsrnan orrya sa
320
npeannocrt pnrancxo xopone pnrancxn nocon n Cramyne
8 oxrxpx 1914r. sanncan: On npnsnaer name npncyrcrnne n
Xannxe n npononr n an-Hxca nonnrnxy, yronym pnrancxo
xopone.
Anrnncxn nonxonnnx Hync Hene, nonnrnuecxn none-
pennt pnrancxo nmnepnn n Fymaxap (1825-1895rr.), n cnoe
xnnre Hyremecrnne n +p-Pnx n ocoax noura nnmer o rom,
uro pnrancxax nmnepnx n naxxanrt nmenn omne nenn
687
. On
paccxastnaer o rom, xax tn nocnan x naxxanram, urot ocy-
nrt nx yymne naern na cocenne rocyapcrna n paspaorxn
nnana noenntx ecrnn npornn Typnnn na nocroxe
688
.
Hrax, mt ntxcnnnn, uro naxxanrt n pnrancxax nmne-
pnx tnn comsnnxamn. Ho+romy naxxanrt ne onxnt on-
xartcx na ro, uro nx nastnamr neoxapnxnramn. Bet onn noe-
nann npornn mycyntman n oecneunnann esonacnocrt xstunn-
xon
689
.
<ZooZ[baf ^_lbs_ bm^__\ b ojbklbZg
Hpecrantre cee nnnnoopotx nme, n oexax o
cepennt mnxonorox, xxot nponnnammnx cnest no npemx mo-
nnrnt n meuern an-Xapam. Moxere nn nt nonepnrt, uro cexra, x
xoropo onn npnnanexar, xnnxercx ernmem nyeen n xpncrn-
an? a, +ro rax, +ro roptxax npana, n n +rom pasene mt xornm

ro, uro cnexynnponan pennrne. Hs Bama on nepepancx n Ernner, orxya
raxxe tn nsrnan n exan n Mexxy, no n ram ero ne npnnxnn. On exan n
Menny, no mennnt raxxe pacxycnnn ero, n emy npnmnoct exart n Hex.
Bce +rn cotrnx nponsomnn ncero sa uertpe roa. On nocennncx n an-
Iyxne, re namen npexpacnym nouny nx pacnpocrpanennx epernuecxnx
ne. 3ect on ntan cex sa noromxa Panrn n npnyman ncropnm o rom, uro
ero oren nepecennncx n Mapoxxo. Cm.: cen Ay an-Iann ar-Taxnn. An-
unpxa an-naxxanx ]n xnmar man?. C. 29.
687
Hene. Hyremecrnne n +p-Pnx n ocoax noura, n nepenoe oxropa Inct
Amnna. C. 69.
688
Tam xe C. 70.
689
Taxxe cm. nxcon. An-Kyner na xaparyxa, Hactp an-uapax. Knxm
an-rymap ac-Carynx (Hccneonanne cayncxo-pnrancxnx ornomenn).
C. 33 35, Ay an-Iann ar-Taxnn. An-unpxa an-naxxanx ]n xnmar man? -
C. 345 357.
321
npnnecrn xcnte n ocronepnte onot, oxastnammne ncrnn-
nocrt namnx yrnepxenn. Mt raxxe npnnocnm cnon nsnnne-
nnx, ecnn cpen nnx ncrperxrcx ne ouent ocronepnte onot.
Mne xanxo rex ncxpennnx mycyntman, xoropte nocneonann sa
nexmn naxxansma. 3ra xnnra npenasnauaercx nmenno nx
nnx, x ncxpenne xenam ntsnonnrt nx ns +ro snoneme nayrn-
nt, urot x nayxa ne ycnen nponnxnyrt n nx uncroe reno.
C rouxn spennx reopnn. Baxxanrt orann npenourenne
myxaccnmnrcxo axte, xoropax xnnxercx ocnono xpncrnan-
crna. Hn Temnx nosanmcrnonan +ry axty ns xpncrnancxnx
xnnr, nepeneenntx c rpeuecxoro xstxa n pacnpocrpanenntx n
Xyppane. Vuente Bama oxnnnn Hn Temnm epernxom n
npnronopnnn x saxnmuennm n xpenocrn, re on n ymep. Baxxa-
nrt peannmnponann xpncrnancxym axty Hn Temnn n naua-
nn pacnpocrpanxrt ee ornem n meuom cpen xnrene Apanncxo-
ro nonyocrpona, a raxxe oxnnnn osnonenntmn xpont n nmy-
mecrno mycyntman-ennooxnnxon.
C rouxn spennx npaxrnxn. Baxxanrcxoe nocxo nonyua-
no nenocpecrnennym marepnantnym n noennym nomomt or nn-
ne-ryepnaropa Hnnn. xon unnnnnn nnuno nepeanan nox-
xm naxxanron xpynnte cymmt ener, ecrt cnnerentcrna, uro
onn nonyuann no mecrtecxr rtcxu peanon n ro, a nepe nana-
ennem Bennxopnrannn na Facpy naxxanrt nx noopyxennx
eynncxnx nnemen, nommmnx npornn Hn Pamna, nonyunnn
cro rtcxu peanon. Kpome roro, pnrancxne o]nnept xoncyntrn-
ponann
690
naxxanrcxnx noenauantnnxon ornocnrentno crpare-
rnn neennx non n cnaxann opyxnem. Foentmn ecrnnxmn
nenocpecrnenno pyxononn xon unnnnnn, nanmanmn sa
nnmn c ntmxn, noromy uro oxncx yuacrn xannrana Bexcnn-
pa
691
.



690
nxcon. An-Kyner na xaparyxa. Btme tno cxasano, uro o]nnept
Iamnntron n Kannn] npntnn n pernon cnennantno nx +roro.
691
Xapn Xamma. Iaynna unnnnnn. C. 215.
322
Q_f `_ [ueZ \ua\ZgZ lZdZy kbevgZy ex[h\v
f_`^m Zg]ebqZgZfb b \ZooZ[blZfb?
Bo-nepntx, pnrannt na ocnone roptxoro nnncxoro
ontra snann, uro ecnn onn xorxr naonro n npouno saxpennrtcx
na Apanncxom nonyocrpone, ro nm cneyer noracnrt nnamx
xnxaa. Pasne onn xorenn nonropnrt omnxn, onymennte n
Hnnn?
Anrnnuane napannct xnrpocrn n mypocrn ns cnonx
npetymnx xononnsaropcxnx noxoon n ynnenn n naxxansme
re cnnt, xoropte nomornn nm ornneut mycyntman or nacroxme-
ro xnxaa. Fnaroapx anrnncxnm entram n opyxnm naxxa-
nrcxn xnxa npenparnncx n nony npornn mycyntman, xoro-
pte xxot norpxsnn n xstuecrne n nra. Ecnn nt npocnenre
ncropnm naxxanrcxnx non, ro samernre, uro onn nnxora ne
noenann npornn nyeen n xpncrnan. Baxxanrt noxopno cxno-
nnnn cnon ronont nepe anrnnuanamn axe rora, xora re na-
xasann nx sa npocrynxn
692
. B cnncxe naxxanrcxnx noenntx npe-
crynnenn rontxo mycyntmancxne crpant n ropoa: Mexxa, Ta-
n], Menna, Karap, Kyner, Oman, Facpa, Hemen n rocyapcrna
Bama. Fonee roro, naxxanrt axe ropxrcx rem, uro noenann
npornn mycyntman Mapoxxo, Ernnra, Hpana n Typnnn.
Bo-nroptx, Ocmancxax nmnepnx tna noona xocrn, sa-
crpxnme n ropne xpncrnancxo-nyecxnx nmnepnanncron, no-
+romy naxxansm xnnncx onnm ns cpecrn, nosnonnnmnx anrnn-
uanam ocrnrnyrt cnonx nene n apacxnx crpanax. Hmenno no-
+romy xora Myxamma Iann oepxan noey na naxxanramn
n tn roron nonnocrtm ynnuroxnrt nx nocxa (rax xe xax +ro
cnyunnoct n 1818r.), Fpnrannx, Iepmannx n Poccnx copann
cpounym xon]epennnm 1840r., xya nx paspemennx +ro npo-
nemt tna npnrnamena n Typnnx.
Baxxanrt ncnpanno cnyxnnn anrnnuanam n ecrnonann
rouno no yxasannomy nnany. Ocmancxax nmnepnx, urot npe-

692
Hanpnmep, xora naxxanrt ynnn nexoroptx pnrancxnx noanntx
nnnnen n omancxom ropoe Cyp, anrnnuane ycrponnn noxasarentnym xapa-
rentnym axnnm, a naxxanrt npnsnann cnom nenpanory.
323
xparnrt nony n 1914r. axe npnsnana nnatuecrno naxxanron
na Hexom, no xora Annap-nama nonpocnn naxxanron no-
mout n samnre Facpt or anrnnuan, onn ornernnn, uro sanxrt
nono npornn Hn Pamna
693
. Bnne-ryepnarop Fpnrannn n
Hnnn 31 xnnapx 1915r. ntpasnn cnom naroapnocrt naxxan-
ram sa ro, uro onn npenxrcrnonann Hn Pamny, n on ne cmor
oxasart noepxxy Ocmancxo nmnepnn. Mncrep Kennc Tomac
saxnnxn, uro naxxanrt tnn nocroxnntmn comsnnxamn Fpnra-
nnn n nomorann cnonm pnrancxnm comsnnxam nocxamn no
npemx nx non npornn Typnnn n 1914r. n 1915r.
694
.
Kora npecrannrenn npaxcxnx mycyntman orxasannct
npnsnart pnrancxn manar n pernone n 1922r. (xax nnmer o
+rom Iapasax an-Xycnn n xnnre Tapnx an-nnsapar an-
rnpaxnx), ro pnrannam npnmnoct nnont npnernyrt x nomomn
naxxanron, xoropte noutm 11 mapra conepmnnn xaparentnt
naer c nentm npasymnrt npaxnen. B nrore pnrannt nonyun-
nn ro, uro xorenn.
3ect mt nnont xornm npnnecrn nospannrentnym rene-
rpammy noxx naxxanron, nanpannennym Hepcn Koxcy n cnxsn
co nsxrnem Facpt: Iocnonny Hepcn Koxcy, npecrannrenm
pnrancxo xopont n pernone, a nponnrcx ee nennune. Ha-
crynnenne namnx nocx n Hpaxe xnnnoct orpomno noepxxo
n uecrtm nx mycyntman. Mt roront neuno noepxnnart namn
pyxecrnennte ornomennx n nomorart nam
695
.
Homomt naxxanron cnonm anrnncxnm pystxm ne orpa-
nnunnact rontxo apacxnmn crpanamn. oxrop Canax an-Iaxxa
nnmer, uro +mnp naxxanron npnstnan mycyntman Hnnn noe-
nart na cropone Anrnnn no npemx oenx mnpontx non
696
.
Ho +rnm npnunnam anrnnuane ncera noepxnnann nax-
xanron, n no +ro xe npnunne onn nomornn nm n 1930r., xora

693
An-Xart. Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa. C. 226.
694
Tam xe, on npnnonr cctnxn na o]nnnantnte oxymenrt.
695
An-Xart. Ca]axar mnn rapnx an-xasnpa. C. 98, co cctnxamn na nc-
rounnxn.
696
oxrop Canax an-Iaxxa. xasnpa an-rapanx ]n an-racp an-xanc.
Hncrnryr nccneonann apacxo ncropnn n xyntrypt, Kanp C. 85.
324
Bocxo parten, pacxptnmee rany naxxansma, nontranoct
ynnuroxnrt +ry cexry.
M[bckl\h fmkmevfZg b ihfhsv dhehgbaZlhjZf
Baxxanrt reppopnsnponann mycyntman rex pernonon,
xya cmornn opartcx. Onn nosnonnnn cee noenart c mycynt-
manamn, onnnxx nx n orxoe or oxecrnenntx npenncann, no
n ro xe npemx onn nnxora ne noenann npornn nyeo-
xpncrnancxnx xononnsaropon. B cnoem nnctme nnncxomy re-
nepan-ryepnaropy onn ns naxxanrcxnx +mnpon nncan: Mt
nocroxnno nomem npornn rex nme, xoropte nastnamr cex
mycyntmanamn. Ha camom ene onn oromnn or npenncann Co-
sarenx n Ero npopoxa Myxammaa. ne conpamct noenart c
xem-nno pyrnm, xpome nnx. rapanrnpym, uro axe ne con-
pamct npnnnxartcx x namnm eperam, x cneym axte Myxam-
maa, nt xe moxere enart ro, uro nam sanaropaccynrcx
697
.
Taxont naxxanrt, nommmne npornn mycyntman n onnnxmmne
nx n noopaxaemom orxoe or pennrnn, no npeocrannxmmne
esonacnocrt n oxpany nenepntm, nacroxmax meura xpncrnan.
Baxxanrt ne orpannunnnct rontxo rem, uro noenann
cnonmn cnnamn, xpome +roro onn npnsnann x cee na noepxxy
pnrancxn noenno-mopcxo ]nor, xoropt epxan n noxae
npnpexnte mycyntmancxne ropoa. Onn ns naxxanrcxnx
+mnpon nanncan n cnoem nnctme cneymmee: Mt aem nam ra-
panrnn name nenpnxocnonennocrn, a raxxe nenpnxocnonennoc-
rn ncex namnx comsnnxon, no nsamen +roro npocnm coxpannrt
nacroxmym ncnoxannm noenntx cyon, noxnpymmnx noprt
namnx nparon
698
.
Baxxanrcxn nponsnon npnnen x romy, uro xpncrnane ns
xanocrn x nennnntm mycyntmanam norpeonann or naxxanron

697
Kparxoe onncanne naxxanrcxnx nnemen ns copannx nspanntx om-
ecxnx sanncox, nsano rano nonnrnuecxo omecxo xannenxpne,
1856r. T. 24, c. 456 (na anrn. s).
698
Kennn x. F. Fpnrannx n Hepcncxom sannne 1795-1880rr. Hs-no
Oxc]op, 1968 C. 134 na anrn. xs., c npnnoxennxmn ]axcnmnne nncem
naxxanrcxnx +mnpon c nonncxmn n neuarxmn.
325
npexparnrt nx snepcrna. B uacrnocrn pnrancxn nonepennt n
Facpe, nnx nocnecrnnx pesnn n rpaexa co cropont naxxanr-
cxnx nnemen, n 1817r. norpeonan, urot onn nepnynn uacrt na-
rpanennoro xosxenam, n orner na +ro rpeonanne naxxanrcxn
+mnp nanncan: Kax nt moxere rpeonart, urot mt nepnynn
nmymecrno, xon]ncxonannoe y xnrene Ernnra, xnt, Bax-
pa, an-Maxna, Macxara, Facpt n nepcon? Onn nce croponnnxn
Carna nn Cynrana, onn nce namn nparn. Mt yem ynnart nx
nese, re ncrpernm, nocxontxy +ro nenenne Annaxa, Annax ne-
nnx
699
. Bce xcno cxasano, snemne nparn +ro mycyntmane, a
nnxamne comsnnxn xpncrnane.
Baxxanrt napymnnn nce nopmt npnnnunx, axe nopmt,
nounraemte xpncrnanamn. Ho+romy pnrannt tnn ntnyxent
no yrposamn norpeonart, urot onn ocrannnn n noxoe mnpntx
nme. a ynnsnr Annax naxxanron.
Hocne saxara Fpnrancxo nmnepnn naxxanrt nepemnn n
pyxn nonoro xosxnna CBA, nacran nont nex, n xoropom ne
tno neoxonmocrn n Bocxe parten.
N_l\u h ihfhsb dhehgbaZlhjZf
Baxxanrcxne yuente n n uacrnocrn xpynnemn ns nnx,
Hn Fas, nsan ]erny, paspemammym npeocrannenne noenntx
as nx nocx CBA, nananmnx na mycyntman Hpaxa
700
. Fonee
roro, on nsan ]erny, n xoropo paspemnn ynnart npaxnen, a-
xe ecnn re conepmamr monnrny. Ho nouemy xe rora on nsan
]erny, sanpemammym xamanm Iaynnactpy ncnontsonart
nn]opmannm conercxo pasnexn no npemx nont npornn Hspa-
nnx
701
?

699
Hpaxnm Iaynrnss Iaynrann Ctpar an-ymapa - ns-no ap ac-
caxn, Honon r.1, C. 76.
700
Fonee roro, xancone mex Panr an-Maxann, nanncan xnnry, n xoropo
ntraercx oxasart, uro amepnxano-pnrancxne nocxa npenournrentnee
npaxcxnx mycyntman.
701
Bex Iaynrasns nn Iaynna nn Fas Hax an-xaymnxr an-rapanx -
an-Mara an-ncnamn, nsanne 6-e, 1408r. (1987r.) C. 29 n nocneymmne.
Bex Hn Fas n +ro ]erne omen o roro, uro sanpernn nontsonartcx no-
momtm nnxenepon n npaue, ecnn onn xnnxmrcx nenepntmn. Ho nemnoro
326
A npecearent xomnccnn ntcmnx yuentx no ]ernam ns-
an ]erny, paspemammym xoponm KCA nocnrt xpecr, n saxnnn,
uro +ro orneuaer nnrepecam Hcnama. 3ry ]erny mt npnnonnn
ntme.
Taxxe ntme mt ynomxnynn o rom, uro naxxanrcxne
yuente nsann ]erny, sanpemammym npoxnnnart nyeen n xpn-
crnan, +ry ]erny onn aprymenrnponann rem, uro npoxnxrne ne
xnnxercx exnnem, npncymnm mycyntmanam. Texcr ynomxnyro
]ernt tn oneen o xaxoro nmama-npononennxa KCA.
Baxxanrt n sapotme ymnnn nmoe nnxenne n cro-
pony oennennx mycyntmancxnx crpan. B uacrnocrn onn npo-
rnnocroxnn oennennm Cnpnn n Ernnra n 1958r. n norparnnn
12 000 000 xynexon, urot ne onycrnrt +roro oennennx
28/9/1961r
702
.
Taxxe naxxanrt ntcrynann npornn oennennx cenep-
noro n mxnoro Hemena. Hnnancxax raser An-Hna or
29/6/1973r. nncana: Hocne nonncannx coornercrnymmero o-
ronopa mexy cenepntm n mxntm Hemenom cayncxne nnacrn
n cnemnom nopxxe crann cosanart noennte narepx nx exen-
nen ns emoxparnuecxoro Hemena. Kpome roro, onn cosann
Apmnm ocnooxennx mxnoro Hemena n Xapamayra, xcno,
uro nx nentm tn xonrpont na ncem Xapamayrom.
a, oporne mon partx mycyntmane, naxxanrt npornn
oennennx mycyntman, no sa comsnnuecrno c nyexmn n xpnc-
rnanamn. Ho onacnee ncero ro, uro naxxanrt, naen oext
orooxsnenntx mexon, npononeymr nony npornn mycynt-
man, urot mycyntmane noenann pyr npornn pyra n satnn o
camtx naxntx nponemax.
Baxnoe sameuanne: necmorpx na nce nsnoxennoe mt xo-
rnm oparnrt nnnmanne unrarenx na ro, uro ne nce naxxanrt
npecneymr nent nomout nyeo-xpncrnancxnm xononnsaropam.
Her, panxantnte naxxanrt-xapnxnrt ntcrynamr sa opty

nosnee nsan ]erny, paspemammym npncyrcrnne nyeo-xpncrnancxo ap-
mnn CBA na reppnropnn KCA. Pasne +ro ne nanomnnaer nam nyecxnx yue-
ntx, ncxaxanmnx oxecrnennoe yuenne?
702
Iapaxman am-Bampann. uacan an-xaarnn na an-xarnnn. C. 221.
327
c nyexmn, xpncrnanamn n ocrantntmn nparamn pennrnn, onn ne
nnxr nnuero, xpome xponanoro nyrn reppopa. pyrax nononnna,
onee noxntnte, xnnxmrcx ncxpennnmn, omanyrtmn nmtmn,
onn ymamr, uro ecrnymr pan onontcrna Annaxa. Onn cun-
ramr cnxmenntm nce, uro oxpyxaer Mexxy n Menny, n ne sna-
mr, uro naxxanrt no npemx noxat onenn xnrene Mexxn o
ronono cmeprn. Onn o cnx nop ymamr, uro Myxamma nn
Iaynnaxxa xnnxercx ononnrenem pennrnn, noenanmnm npo-
rnn nra n nospoxanmnm npopouecxym cynny. Ho+romy nama
c namn oxsannocrt onecrn o nx cneennx ncm +ry nn]opma-
nnm, pasynrt nx, ocnoonrt ns oxon nenexecrna. Kax t ram
nn tno, omanyrte enxrn xnnxmrcx ncxpennnmn mycyntma-
namn, ne neammnmn o rantx nnanax cnonx noxe. B xoneu-
nom nrore Annax oennnr +ry ymmy, n Kopane no +romy nono-
y cxasano: Fu m`_ ij_^gZq_jlZeb \ IkZelbjb, ihke_ lh]h
dZd baj_deb [ex^yf] gZab^Zgb_, qlh a_fey ^hklZg_lky \ gZ-
ke_^kl\h Fhbf ijZ\_^guf jZ[Zf (21:105).
=eZ\Z ^_\ylZy
AZdexq_gb_
Baxxansm +ro cexra, orneprammax nmo nanor c
pyrnmn mycyntmancxnmn nnxennxmn. Ho mnennm ero nocne-
onarene, naxxansm xnnxercx sanepmenno pennrne, nonno-
mennem Hcnama, nenosmoxno cymecrnonanne ncrnnt nn o ne-
ro, nn nocne. Hnn nt c nnmn, nnn npornn nnx. Hmenno no+romy
ontmee pacnpocrpanenne +ra cexra nonyunna n Hexe n npn-
pexntx rocyapcrnax Hepcncxoro sannna.
Mt xe snaem, uro naxxansm +ro noranoe epeno, nt-
pocmee n rpxsno nyxe, ono ne nmeer npouno ocnont, esyc-
nonno, +ro epeno naer no none Annaxa. Hpnunnt ero sarnnna-
nnx sanoxent n camom yuennn, mt nepnm, uro xonen +ro cexrt
nnsox rax xe, xax sanrpamnn ent.
G_a^hjh\u_ ihke_^kl\by \ZooZ[blkdbo gh\r_kl\
Kon]nnxr mexy cana]nramn n oxropom Myxammaom
Carnom Pamaanom an-Fyrt ntnynn nocnenero nanncart
328
xnnry Ac-Cana]nx mapxana samannx myapaxa nx masxa an-
ncnamn
703
(Cana]nsm narocnonennt ncropnuecxn nepn-
o, a ne ncnamcxax cexra), re on oxastnaer, uro conpemennte
cana]nrcxne nen xnnxmrcx nra. B +ro xnnre on nnmer: Bo-
nepntx, c momenra noxnnennx +ro nra mycyntmane ne snann
noxox n mnpno xnsnn. Ono nnecno n nx pxt posnt n nena-
nncrt. 3ra sapasa nponnxna no mnorne pernont mycyntmancxoro
mnpa n npnnecna mycyntmanam npaxy. Ceronx no nnom my-
cyntmancxoro nospoxennx +rn nen nauann nponnxart n Enpo-
ny n Amepnxy, n mt yxe cntmnm o rparnuecxnx nocnecrnnxx
exrentnocrn +rnx nme. B 1406r. (1985r.) x tn npnrnamen na
xon]epennnm Bcemnpno mycyntmancxo nnrn, re ncrpernn-
cx co mnornmn nponaranncramn Hcnama ns pasnnuntx perno-
non mnpa. Ho menx cnntno oneuannno ro, uro xora x nnrepeco-
nancx y nnx o pacnpocrpanennn ncnamcxoro npnstna, onn nce n
onn ronoc saxnnxnn: Hame enncrnenno nponemo xnnxer-
cx posnt n npaxa, xoropym cemr npecrannrenn cana]nrcxo
omnnt. 3ra posnt n npaxa npnnena x romy, uro amnnncr-
pannx Bamnnrrona tna ntnyxena nmemartcx n saxptrt me-
uert na necxontxo mecxnen. B meuern Hapnxa xon]ponrannx
narneranact n reuenne rpex ner, n nonnnecxnm npnmnoct nsxrt
ee mrypmom. A na nosmymennte nosrnact mycyntman: Kaxoe
npano nt nmeere nptnartcx n meuert n oynn? - nonnnecxne
orneuann: Inynnt, +ro nt ntnynnn nac npnernyrt x +rnm
mepam. B onom ns pernonon mycyntmancxoro mnpa mycynt-
mane ntcrynnnn c opyxnem na samnry cnoe ponnt, xax xe
nocrynnnn n +rom cnyuae cana]nrcxne omnnt
704
? Cana]nrt
onnnnnn +rnx mycyntman n xstuecrne, n mornnonoxnonnnuecr-
ne
705
n ncnontsonannn ranaccynx. Bcne sa +rnm nocneonana n
coornercrnymmax ]erna o]nnnantntx yuentx xpyron. Onn ns

703
Hs-no ap an-]nxp, amacx, Cnpnx, 1996r.
704
3amertre, uro mex ouent rouen n cnonx ntpaxennxx, on nastnaer nx ca-
na]nrcxnmn omnnamn, +ro yxastnaer na ro, uro necmorpx na nnnmoe enn-
crno n nx pxax ecrt pasomennocrt.
705
3ro onn ns omnountx naxxanrcxnx repmnnon, on yxastnaer na cxy-
nocrt nx nexcnxn.
329
yuentx mycyntman +roro pernona tn ntnyxen saxnnrt: Kax
nt moxere onnnxrt nac n xstuecrne, net mt xaxt ent no
nxrt pas ncnonnxem monnrny, n xoropo nponsnocnm: Tee mt
noxnonxemcx n x Tee nstnaem o nomomn?. Ho pasne +rn nmn
moryr ycntmart son
706
.
anee mex nnmer o rom, xax nnxenne naxxansma cno-
cocrnonano pasnnrnm reopnn n ncropnuecxoro anannsa my-
cyntmancxoro nacnenx
707
croponnnxamn nanexrnuecxoro ma-
repnannsma. Kax nsnecrno, mapxcncrcxax reopnx asnpyercx na
nee optt npornnononoxnocre, ocnontnaxct na xoropo,
mapxcncrt, nccneyx ncropnm Hcnama, cenann ntno o rom,
uro cana]nsm, naunnax c momenra noxnnennx Hcnama, ntpaxan
nnrepect onoro ns npornnoopcrnymmnx xnaccon n npoonxa-
er ntpaxart nx nnnort o namnx ne
708
. Bex Fyrt yxastna-
er: Myranrn-naxxanrt cocnyxnnn npexpacnym cnyxy no-
cneonarenxm nanexrnuecxoro marepnannsma. Moxno axe cxa-
sart, uro onn paorann n ono xomane, xoneuno, x ne nmem n
nny, uro nsanmonomomt naxxanron n mapxcncron tna sapanee
sannannponanno, no ]axr ocraercx ]axrom. Mapxcncrt, nccne-
yx ncropnm mycyntmancxnx nnxenn, cenann saxnmuenne o
rom, uro n n mycyntmancxom mnpe roxe mna mexxnacconax
opta, xoropax tna nocnecrnnem onpeenenntx ncropnuec-
xnx n reorpa]nuecxnx ocroxrentcrn. Ho nx mnennm, nmenno
opta mexy cana]nramn n nnepanamn npnnena mycyntman-
cxn mnp x ero renepemnemy cocroxnnm.
Onnctnax nenexecrno n necosnarentnocrt
709
cana]nron,
on nnmer: Fontmo rparene xnnxercx ror ]axr, uro ont-
mnncrno namnx cana]nrcxnx parten nacrontxo cnntno ynneue-
nt cnonmn yexennxmn, uro cmorpxr na mnp rontxo uepes
npnsmy cana]nsma. Hx pasym esecrnyer, onn saxptnnct n

706
An-Fyrt. Ac-Cana]nx mapxana samannx. C. 244 245.
707
Ho nacnenem nmeercx n nny Kopan n cynna.
708
An-Fyrt. ac-Cana]nx mapxana samannx. C. 247 249.
709
3amertre, uro mex enaer noonte saxnnennx necmorpx na cnoe ynaxe-
nne xo ncem mycyntmancxnm nentm reuennxm.
330
cxopnyne naxxansma, nmenno no+romy onn ne sameuamr, uro
nponcxonr noxpyr nnx, uro enamr nx nnemnne nparn.
710

Hpnmeuarentno ro, uro necmorpx na nosnnxnonenne yue-
nnx Hn Temnn n Bame ono ne namno ram nx cex naroar-
no nount. B Bame tno ouent mnoro nacroxmnx mycyntman-
cxnx yuentx, no+romy ncenocana]nsmy npnmnoct nspart
Hex, ponny Mycanamt, nacenennym nenexecrnenntmn e-
ynncxnmn nnemenamn. B ro xe npemx ynnnxer ror ]axr, uro
mennnt, noromxn cnonnxnnxon Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), nocneonann
sa nponaranncramn ne Hn Temnn n cnoxono cnymamr,
xax re xxot nnauyr n monnrne. Cnxr Annax, On ncntrtnan
cnonnxnnxon nocxamn Mycanamt n ncntrtnaer nac nceno-
cana]nramn, paspymammnmn enncrno mycyntmancxo ymmt.
<hijhku, lj_[mxsb_ hl\_lZ
1. Vnaxaemte naxxanrt, name nepoyexenne crponrcx
na cymecrnonannn Fora, xoropt naxonrcx n ]nsnuecxom
cmtcne ntme nac, n mecre, nastnaemom neom. Hmenno no+romy
nt ne onycxaere mtcnn o rom, uro 3emnx xpyrnax. Ho +romy
nonoy nt nsaere axe nente xnnrn, nanpnmep, Xnaxr an-
xapan ]n macana a-aypan. Hmenno n cnxsn c +rnm nt onn-
nxere n sanyxennn Cena Kyra n mexa as-3nnann. Fonee
roro, nam noxt Hn Fas, paspemnn ynnart rex nme, xoro-
pte nepxr n ro, uro 3emnx xpyrnax n npamaercx noxpyr Connna.
Ho uro xe nponsoer c namnm nepoyexennem, xora onn ns
namnx ctnon nonnmercx n xocmoc n saxnnr, uro 3emnx ecr-
nnrentno xpyrnax?
2. Bamn mexn n nacrannnxn, sa xoroptmn nt cneyere,
saxnnxmr o rom, uro A ne neuen. Ho neyxenn nt camn nnxora
ne unrann cnon Annaxa n Kopane: hdZ`mlky \ Z^kdhf h]g_,
ij_[m^ml lZf \_qgh (98:6), Hgb aZohlyl kiZklbkv hl h]gy,
gh gb aZ qlh g_ kiZkmlky. m]hlh\Zgh bf \_qgh_ gZdZaZgb_
(5:37)? Heyxenn nt ne cntmann n ne unrann xanct Hpopoxa
(c.r.c.), rnacxmne: B Cynt ent npnneyr cmeprt n opase

710
An-Fyrt. ac-Cana]nx mapxana samannx. C. 250.
331
eno onnt (a n pnnaxre or Ay Kypaa oanneno n nomecrxr
ee mexy Paem n Aom). V onrarene Pax cnpocxr: 3naere nn
nt, xro +ro? - onn ornerxr: a, +ro cmeprt. 3arem cnpocxr y
onrarene Aa: O onrarenn Aa, snaere nn nt, xro +ro? -
onn ornerxr: a, snaem, +ro cmeprt. 3arem yer neneno sape-
sart +ry onny, nocne uero onrarenxm Pax n Aa oxnxr: O
onrarenn Pax, nac xer neunax xnsnt es cmeprn. O onrarenn
Aa, nac xer neunax xnsnt es cmeprn. Hocne +roro Hpopox
(c.r.c.) npouen axr: Ba\_sZc bo h ^g_ ]hj_kl_c. <_^v j_r_gb_
[h[ bo gZdZaZgbb] ijbgylh, gh hgb g_ \_^Zxl [h[ wlhf] b g_
\_jmxl (19:39), - n yxasan pyxo na +ror mnp. A, moxer trt,
nt xaneere Hnnca, Ay xaxna n Vax nn Xana]a? A, moxer
trt, nt npenamepenno n orxptro ntcrynaere npornn cnon
Annaxa n Ero npopoxa? Hpnnenre onot, nosnonxmmne nam
ne nocnpnnnmart +rn axrt n xanct.
3. Vexenne o rnennocrn Aa xnnxercx onnm ns cron-
non xaxmnsma, rora no xaxomy npany nt n cnonx npononexx
nastnaere xaxmnramn mycyntman, naxoxmnxcx n onnosnnnn x
namemy nnxennm? Bet +ro onpeenenne ontme noxonr
nam, a ne nm.
4. Ha sape cnoe ncropnn nt npnstnann nme nepece-
nxrtcx n Hex. O +rom nnmer n Cyneman nn Iaynnaxxa
n nam ncropnx-neronncen Hn Famap. Ho net, xax nsnecrno,
nocne nsxrnx Mexxn nepecenennx trt ne moxer. B copnnxe
Mycnnma no +romy nonoy npnnonrcx cneymmee ntcxastna-
nne Hpopoxa (c.r.c.): Hyumnm mecrom nx nnx xnnxercx Men-
na, n ecnn xro-nno ns nnx noxenaer ee noxnnyrt ns-sa anrnna-
rnn x ne, ro Annax samennr +roro uenonexa onee npanentm,
xoropt noxenaer xnrt n +rom ropoe. Kro necmorpx nn na uro
yer xnrt n Menne, romy x yy sacrynnnxom n cnnerenem n
Cynt ent. Ho xaxomy npany nt npnstnann nme nepece-
nxrtcx n Hex? Pasne nt ne cntmann cnon Hpopoxa (c.r.c.):
Hauano nenexecrna na nocroxe, - xax pas ram, re naxonrcx
Hex. B pyrom xance cxasano: B Hemene npncyrcrnyer ne-
pa, a cmyra npner orrya, re noxnnrcx por carant. Taxxe n
oonx ocronepntx copnnxax npnnonrcx xanc or Hn Iyma-
332
pa (p.A.r.), re Hpopox (c.r.c.), yxastnax na nocrox, cxasan: Tam
(pemner) cmyra. B copnnxe an-Fyxapn n xnnre O nxrnnuno
monnrne npnnonrcx monta Hpopoxa (c.r.c.): O Annax, naro-
cnonn nam Bam n Hemen. Kro-ro cxasan: H nam Hex.
Hpopox (c.r.c.) nnont nonropnn: O Annax, narocnonn nam Bam
n Hemen, nexro nnont nonropnn: H nam Hex. Tora Hpo-
pox (c.r.c.) cxasan: Tam norpxcennx n cmyrt, orrya ntpacrer
por carant. Hoxoxn xanc or Hn Iymapa npnnonrcx y an-
Fyxapn n rnane O cmyrax, y ar-Tnpmnsn n rnane Cnet n n
copnnxe nmama Axmaa. B +rom xance paccxastnaercx o rom,
xax Hpopox (c.r.c.) conepmnn monty: O Annax, narocnonn
namy Menny, nam car, nam ma, nam Hemen n nam Bam, - a
sarem, nonepnynmnct na nocrox, n cropony connna, cxasan: Or-
rya ntpacrer por carant. Houemy xe nt na sape cnoe ncro-
pnn npnstnann nme nepecenxrtcx n npoxnxrte semnn n ocran-
nxrt naroarnte Mexxy n Menny?
5. Bt yrnepxaere, uro ecnn t ne naxxansm, ro xnrenn
Apanncxoro nonyocrpona nnont nepnynnct t x nononoxnon-
nnuecrny. Ho pasne nt ne cntmann xanc Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), nepe-
annt Mycnnmom or Iamn n rnane O cmyrax: He npoer
n nx c noutm, xax naunyr nmn noxnonxrtcx an-Hary n an-
Iysse. cnpocnna: Ho net Annax n Kopane cxasan: Hg
lhl, dhlhjuc ihkeZe K\h_]h IhkeZggbdZ k jmdh\h^kl\hf d
ijyfhfm imlb b bklbgghc \_jhc, qlh[u \hag_klb __ ij_\ur_
ex[hc j_eb]bb, dZd [u g_gZ\bklgh wlh gb [ueh fgh]h[h`gb-
dZf (9:33). Hpopox (c.r.c.) ornernn: a, ro nepno, no nacrynnr
ent, xora Annax namner na 3emnm nacxont nerep, xoropt
ynoxonr ncex rex, n utnx ymax tna xorx t uacrnuxa nept.
Hocne uero na semne ocranyrcx rontxo xymne ns cosann An-
naxa, xoropte n nepnyrcx x pennrnn cnonx ornon (nononoxnon-
nnuecrny). Xanc nepean or Myxammaa nn an-Mycannt, or
Ay Faxpa an-Xana]n, or Iaynxamna nn xar]apa. B xnnre
O nepe npnnonrcx xanc or an-Banna nn Byxara, or Xa-
pyna nn Iaynnt n Xaxaxa nn am-Barnpa, xoropte cxa-
sann, uro nm nepean Xaxax nn Myxamma or Hn xypa-
xa, or Ay as-3yapa, cntmanmero paccxas xanpa nn
333
Iaynnt or Hpopoxa (c.r.c.): B moe ymme nnnort o Cynoro
nx yer rpynna mycyntman, xoropte yyr cpaxartcx sa ncrn-
ny n noexr. Hacrynnr npemx, xora yer nncnocnan Hca nn
Maptxm (r.c.), n +mnp mycyntman noxenaer ycrynnrt emy cnoe
mecro n monnrne, no Hca (r.c.) cxaxer: Hocnemn, conepmn c
namn monnrny, Annax nournn +ry ymmy n cenan onnx +mnpamn
na pyrnmn. Kax nnnre, +rn xanct xcno ronopxr, uro nono-
noxnonnnuecrno nepnercx n mycyntmancxne pernont rontxo no-
cne roro, xax nepe Cyntm nem ympyr nce mycyntmane. H
Iama cnpanennno samernna, uro ynomxnyrt axr orpnnaer
nosmoxnocrt nosnpamennx mycyntman x xstuecrny. To xe camoe
nornepxaercx n npopouecxo cynno. Bt xe, npornnopeua
+rnm axram n xancam, saxnnxere o rom, uro nect mycyntmancxn
mnp noxnonxncx nonam. Kax nt noome moxere orpnnart cne-
ennx, coomennte Hpopoxom (c.r.c.)
711
?
6. Bt sanpemaere unrart
712
mnorne xnnrn mycyntmancxnx
yuentx, uro xe xacaercx xnnr raxnx mycyntmancxnx mtcnnre-
ne, xax Cen Kyr, ro nx noome nentsx nnosnrt n namn crpa-
nt. uem nce +ro ntsnano? uero nt onrect? Moxer, onn onacnt

711
Tpern n uerneprt nonpoct npnneent ns xnnrn Ac-Canarnx an-
nnxxnx. Cynemana nn Iaynnaxxaa, nam npnmnoct nx snaunrentno
coxparnrt, nocxontxy anrop npnnonr ouent noponte onot.
712
Hanpnmep, xnnrn Ay Xamna an-Iasann. Koneuno xe, nt cneyere cone-
ram cnoero mexa Hn Temnn, xoropt no +romy nonoy nnmer n Bapx an-
raxna an-ac]axannx, c. 115. pyro mex Iaynart] nn Iapaxman,
ycntman o rom, uro nexoropte mycyntmane ynnexamrcx urennem An-Hxtx,
nanncan xnnry Maxmyr ap-pacann na an-macann an-naxnx, re n 3 rome,
na c. 130 131 xpnrnxyer n nonocnr nmama an-Iasann. Fonee roro, on ocme-
nnncx saxnnrt, uro xxot as-3axan nastnan xnnrn an-Iasann nnoxmnmn n
sanyxenne (ror xe ncrounnx, c. 134). Ecnn nt cpannnre An-Hxtx n xnn-
rn npnnepxennen nen o rnennocrn Aa, ro npnere x ntnoy, uro nepnax
xnnra no mnoro pas nyume. uro xe xacaercx as-3axan, ro on n cnoe npemx
tn ncxpennnm nocneonarenem Hn Temnn, n nmenno n +ro npemx nanncan
cnom xnnry An-Mnsan, re nexoroptx yuentx nasnan xnnorntmn
(xanan), nanpnmep Iaynnaxxaa nn Mycy (2/684), Mycy nn Iaynny
(4/210). B xnnre Ac-Cnxp. onoro yuenoro on nasnan coaxo (20/516).
Or ero xstxa nocrpaan axe an-Xaxnm, xoroporo on n An-Mycrapax
(3/129) nastnaer nenexo.
334
nx name axtt? Pasne uenonex, nocrponnmn npounoe sa-
nne, onrcx nerpa? Bcnomnnre Hpopoxa (c.r.c.), pasne on oxncx
xoro-nno nnn uero-nno? Her, on axe xnn ox o ox c nyex-
mn. A ntcennn nx ns Mennt rontxo sa npearentcrno. Heyxe-
nn n namnx rnasax xnnrn mycyntmancxnx yuentx xyxe nye-
cxnx? Heyxenn nac ne ycrpannaer npnmep Hpopoxa (c.r.c.)?
7. Bamn nsarentcrna n nnnorexn nonnt xnnr, noo-
ntx An-Hxnan an-mycnnmyn ]n an-mnsan. B +rnx xnnrax nt
xpnrnxyere n nonocnre raxnx mycyntmancxnx mtcnnrene xax
Cen Kyr, Myxama an-Iasann n Ay an-Arnx an-Mayyn.
axe Xacan an-Fanna ne ynenen or name xpnrnxn. B uem xe
tna ero nnna? a rontxo n rom, uro on npnstnan x cnnxennm
npecrannrene ncex mycyntmancxnx reuenn. uem xe nam no-
memano +ro cnnxenne?
8. Bt cronre sa mnornmn eamn, ntnanmnmn na ronont
mycyntman, sa nonamn mexy pasnnuntmn mycyntmancxnmn
nnxennxmn. Bamn rpxsnte pyxn nponnxnn axe n A]rannc-
ran
713
, nmenno nt tnn npornnnnxamn oennennx a]rancxnx
rpynnnponox, x xoropomy npnstnan Aynna Iassam, peaxrop
xypnana An-xnxa. Bam xypnan An-Moxaxe tn nt-
nymen n xauecrne onnosnnnn ero xypnany.
Bnnmarentnt nanmarent samernr namn xponante
cnet n Cyane, Hnnane n Anxnpe. Hmenno nt tnn npnunno
cmyr, pasropenmnxcx n pecnynnxax tnmero CCCP. Pasne nt
ne nomnnre, uro nmam coopno meuern Iposnoro Pecnynnxn
ueunx tn ynr rontxo sa cno orxas npncoennnrtcx x naxxa-
nrcxomy nnxennm. Homnnre nn nt, uro nsnecrne o +rom t-
no pacnpocrpaneno namn uepes CMH Bennxopnrannn? Komy xe
nt cnyxnre na camom ene?
9. B pasnnuntx pernonax mnpa nt cosann ncnamcxne
nenrpt, nce +rn nenrpt npecneonann cnoe nentm pacnpocrpa-
nenne naxxanrcxo neonornn n cexnn posnt n pxax mycynt-

713
Ecnn nt xenaere onee nopono ysnart o naxxanrcxo cmyre n A]rann-
crane, ro osnaxomtrect c nn]opmanne coornercrnymmnx caron n n uacrno-
crn c xnnro oxropa Myxammaa an-Macrapn, pasmemenno na care
www.ummah.net/cdlr.
335
man. 3rn ]axrt xopomo nsnecrnt xnrenxm CBA n 3anano
Enpont. uro xacaercx namnx meuere, ro n nnx ra xe cnryannx,
onxnocrt nmama moryr sannmart rontxo yronte nam nnna, a
nsyuartcx rontxo yronax nam nnreparypa. Bame noxnnenne n ne
npnnanexamnx nam meuerxx ncera nnocnr posnt n cmyry n px-
t mycyntman. puamnm npnmepom cnyxnr meuert ropoa
Kpan]nnt (Bennxopnrannx). o namero noxnnennx mecrnte
mycyntmane xnnn n mnpe n cornacnn, onxnocrt nmama ncera
ncnonnxn ror, xro nyume snan Kopan, nce nponemt n xon]nnx-
rt paspemannct nonmonno na copannn npnxoa meuern. Onn
nnxora ne xon]nnxronann na noune npnnanexnocrn x romy
nnn nnomy masxay, x romy nnn nnomy reuennm. C namnm noxn-
nennem meuert pasennnact na masxat n cexrt n nocrenenno
onycrena. B utnx nnrepecax nt nce +ro enaere? Pasne x +romy
nac npnstnaer Hcnam?
10. Bama xponanax ncropnx npnnonr mnoxecrno npnme-
pon macconoro yncrna mycyntman, nt nx ynnann n o n nocne
saxnara Mexxn c Menno. Fonee roro, nt c ropocrtm nnmere
(nanpnmep, n Iynnan an-max) o cnonx snoexnnxx n an-
Hxca, Karape, Faxpene, Kart]e, Caxane, xaane Bammap,
Hopannn, crpanax Bama, Omane, Hpaxe n r.. Kro nam paspe-
mnn ynnart, nnennrt n nopaomart nennnntx mycyntman?
Moxere nn nt npnnecrn onot na osnonennocrt +rnx exnn?
11. H n namn nn nt es ncxxnx oxasarentcrn, es cya n
cnecrnnx nnyrpn meuern an-Xapam nnertmn nsnnaere nennn-
ntx n essamnrntx nme. axe ecnn onn nnnonnt, pasne
moxno ncnonnxrt yrononnte naxasannx nnyrpn meuern? Pasne
moxno ynnxart n naxastnart uenonexa o ntnecennx cyenoro
pemennx? Komnccnn apacxnx n neapacxnx crpan no npanam
uenonexa ycranonnnn, uro namn tno orceueno mnoxecrno pyx,
nor n ronon nennnntx nme. Bamn snepcrna onncant n nroro-
nom oruere 1989r., nasnannom Xyxyx an-nncan ]n an-mamnaxa
an-rapanx ac-Carynx (Hpana uenonexa n Koponencrne Cay-
oncxax Apannx). Bt napymaere ne rontxo nopmt mexyna-
ponoro, no axe n mapnarcxoro npana. Hn Hpopox (c.r.c.), nn
npanente xann]t, nn onn nx xann]on, npnmemnx nocne
336
nnx, ne conepmann roro, uro conepmnnn nt. uem ntsnano name
xon orcexart uenoneuecxne oprant?
12. Bt c neotuano nerxocrtm, es xaxo-nno ocno-
narentno npnunnt onnnxere mycyntman n xstuecrne. Touno
raxxe nocrynann ca]pnrt, aspaxnrt n nm noonte. Ho ecrt
cymecrnennoe ornnune, onn ne nmenn ro nnacrn, xoropym nme-
ere nt, no+romy nm ne yanoct npnmennrt cnon yexennx na
npaxrnxe. Bnnre nn nt y cex eme xaxoe-nno ornnune or nnx?
13. Bt xpnrnxyere nanron sa ro, uro onn onycxamr
xann]crno nexypemnron. Ho pasne ne nt nsrnann ampa]nron
ns Apanncxoro nonyocrpona npn noepxxe anrnnuan? Houemy
t nam ceuac ne nepeart nnacrt xypemnram? Houemy nt
npeocrannxere nosmoxnocrt ynpannxrt rontxo noromxam nne-
menn Fany Xann]?
14. Bt noenann npornn Ocmancxo nmnepnn n nsrnann ee
nocxa ns Xnxasa n an-Hxca, nt noenann npornn nocx My-
xammaa Iann, no nosnee ero ctny Hpaxnmy yanoct nnennrt
+mnpa a-aprnn Iaynny n ocrannrt ero n Kanp. Hosnee, n
1818r.
714
nx ncnonnennx xasnn ero ocrannnn n Cramyn. Ho-
uemy xe nt orxasannct nounnxrtcx saxonnomy xann]y?
< hl\_l \ZooZ[blZf
16 myxappama 1351r. (22 max 1932r.) onn ns naxxanr-
cxnx noxe, ntcrynax n Tan]e, n npncyrcrnnn pyxononrene
pyrnx rocyapcrn saxnnn: 3ect nmn enxrcx na rpn rpynnt,
onn nac noepxnnamr n nomoramr nam, pyrne ne noepxn-
namr n ne nomoramr, a rpertn ynpxmo conpornnnxmrcx. uro
xacaercx nepntx, ro mt nm npecrannxem re xe npana, uro nme-
em camn. Broptx mt ntraemcx yenrt (n ncrnnnocrn cnoero
nyrn. n.n.), a rpertnm mt oemaem ro, uro oeman Annax n ax-
re: <hbklbgm, l_, dlh \hx_l ijhlb\ :eeZoZ b ?]h IhkeZggb-
dZ b l\hjbl gZ a_fe_ g_q_klb_, [m^ml \ \ha^Zygb_ m[blu, beb
jZkiylu, beb m gbo [m^ml hljm[e_gu gZdj_kl jmdb b gh]b, beb
hgb [m^ml ba]gZgu ba kljZgu. B \k_ [wlb gZdZaZgby] ^ey gbo

714
Ernnercxnm nocxam n cocrane 8 10 rtc. uenonex n 1811r. yanocrt yc-
nemno nponecrn +ry onepannm.
337
\_ebdbc ihahj \ wlhf fbj_, Z \ [m^ms_c `bagb [`^_l] bo \_-
ebdh_ gZdZaZgb_ (5:33).
Bor raxnm opasom naxxanrt ncex cnonx onnonenron ns
uncna mycyntman oxnnnn remn, xro nomer npornn Annaxa n
Ero Hocnannnxa n rnopnr na semne neuecrne. a cmnnocrnnnr-
cx Annax na Ay Xamso an-Myxrapom nn Iay]om am-Bapn,
xoropt, orneuax na ntmeynomxnyroe saxnnenne naxxanron,
cxasan: Tax xe, xax nexoropte nmn enxr nac na rpn rpynnt,
mt roxe ennm nx na rpn rpynnt, nepnte xstunnxn, noxno-
nxmmnecx nonam, nropte nenepnte ns uncna nme nncannx,
a rpertn npannrenn, ne xenammne npannrt cornacno romy, uro
nncnocnan Annax. Xnana Annaxy, xoropt nsannn nac or ne
naxxansma.
<u ^mfZ_l_, qlh hgb _^bgu.
V uenonexa, npnnxnmero naxxansm, n nepnym ouepet
noxnnxmrcx nponemt +rnuecxoro nnana. On cpasy xe naunnaer
nerarnnno ornocnrtcx x oxpyxammnm
715
. Cnonx yuentx onn,
xoneuno, ouent cnntno nounramr, no ecnn re xorx t nemnoro
naunnamr npornnopeunrt ocnonam naxxansma, ro nce macxn
cpasy xe cnaamr, n cranonnrcx xcno, uro +rn nmn noome ne
xnnxmrcx npecrannrenxmn ncnamcxoro yuennx.
urot paccrannrt nce rouxn na i, mt xornm npnnecrn
nnnmannm unrarenx ncxyccnn n nepepanxn mexy naxxanr-
cxnmn yuentmn-xanconeamn. Mt nspann nmenno nx, noromy
uro onn ncm cnom xnsnt nocnxrnnn nsyuennm xancon, a, cne-
onarentno, onxnt trt snaxomt c mycyntmancxo +rnxo n
mopantm. Onennre nx cnona, coornercrnymr nn onn romy, uro
cxasano n xancax?
Hlghr_gby f_`^m r_cohf FmoZffZ^hf
FZo^b Ze-BklZg[meb b r_cohf Ze-:e[Zgb
3ect mt nmeem n nny roro an-Hcranynn, xoropt xn-
nxercx anropom xnnrn Tyx]ar an-rapyc. On n mex 3yxap

715
Bnnmo, onn cneymr npnmepy Hn Temnn, nonocnnmero mycyntman-
cxnx yuentx.
338
am-Bannm tnn yuennxamn an-Anann n reuenne copoxa ner,
onn cunrannct ero camtmn nepntmn nocneonarenxmn. H nor
nocne copoxa ner pyxt on n orxptrom nnctme, apeconannom
an-Anann, nnmer: Tt nenocnnrannt ypax, a anee: Tt
sannyemt mne yxe c roro momenra, xora x orxasancx npnnxrt
rnonx ere na ecnnarnoe oyuenne. Mt c roo eceonann o
+rom, x nasnan npnunnt, no xoroptm ne mory npnnxrt nx na
ecnnarnoe oyuenne. ree nopono oxcnnn, uro mon npe-
noanarentnnnt crann connaentnamn, a rt n orner na +ro rnen-
no norpxc ronono. Tt nontsonancx mno n reuenne mnornx ner,
no x ne nmem npana nosnonnrt ree oyuart cnonx ere sa nx
cuer. necxontxo ner oyuan rnom pocrnennnny, a rt axe ne
nonaroapnn menx sa +ro. Tt nocneonan npnmepy mexon-
esoxnnxon, xoropte cunramr, uro nx yuennxn oxsant es-
nosmesno oxastnart nm ncxuecxne ycnyrn. Hnxe on nnmer:
3arem rt yxpan entrn cana]nron, ree axe n ronony ne npn-
mno, uro na ree nexnr ornercrnennocrt
716
sa omee nmymecrno.
Fonee roro, rt axe orxasancx or pemennx +roro nonpoca co-
rnacno saxonam mapnara. Kpome +rnx x xouy ree nanomnnrt n
pyrne nocrynxn. anee on nnmer: B ry nout x cxasan ree
+rn cnona n naexe ncnpannrt rnoe ypnoe noneenne, n a-
nee: Tt nenocnnrannt ypax n rnycnt uenonex. 3arem on
nnmer: Ecnn rt nyxancx n entrax nx nponnrannx, ro ree
cneonano t oparnrtcx sa nomomtm x cnonm partxm, n onn
nomornn t ree, no rt, nenaroapnt, nspan +ror rnycnt
nocrynox.
Hlghr_gby f_`^m r_cohf AmoZcjhf Zr-RZ\br_f
b r_cohf Ze-:e[Zgb
anee, x npenaram osnaxomnrtcx c xommenrapnem am-
Bannma x xnnre Ar-Ta]tn an-xnna ranx xacnp mnmman na-
nca ac-cnx
717
, ns-no an-Maxraa an-ncnamnx. Hrax, on

716
Kax npexpacno esnosmesno cnyxnrt raxnm mexam.
717
3ro nyumee ns roro, uro onn nnmyr pyr o pyre.
339
nnmer: opamamct x conpemennomy Fanramy
718
n ero nocne-
onarenxm, x opamamct x xonapnomy carane, x romy, xoro ono-
sopnnn n na sanae, n na nocroxe. Hocneonan sa +rnm uenone-
xom, mt uyrt tno ne npnnxnn cnate xanct sa ocronepnte.
Ho n xoneunom nrore namn ymn orneprnn +ro sno, n nmenno
no+romy x nanncan +ry xnnry. anee on nnmer: Ho ontme
ncero menx ynnnno ro, uro nexoropte ns namnx mexon saxn-
nxmr cnonm cryenram: Cnymarect menx, cneno cneyre sa
mno, npnnnmare mon cnona, ne cnoptre, net x nam ne nry.
axe ecnn on ne nxer, pasne ne moxer on satrt nnn omnnrt-
cx? 3ro xnnoe ntcoxomepne, net axe n Cynt ent Annax
npeocrannr nmxm nosmoxnocrt cnopnrt n npennpartcx. 3ror
uenonex npenparnn cex n nona, a coxpannr nac Annax or no-
onoro nenexecrna.
Hlghr_gby f_`^m r_coZfb =Z[^jZaZdhf Zr-RZc^`b,
JZ[b]hf Ze-FZ^oZeb b ;Zdjhf :[m AZc^hf
Am-Baxn nnmer: .n +rom orxptrom nnctme x xouy
oparnrtcx x mexy Panry nn Xan an-Maxann, - n anee:
Pasne rt n nepnt pas nocrynaemt noontm opasom n orno-
mennn nponaranncron, cryenron n axe yuentx? Taxoe omy-
menne, uro +ro xauecrno y nac npoxennoe.. Bnnmo, nt n
xauecrne cnoero amnnya nspann nonomenne mycyntman n oco-
enno mycyntman-nponaranncron. anee, onnctnax nocrynxn
an-Maxann, on nnmer: 3ror uenonex ncran na cropony myra-
nron n sanymnx, on opercx c cynnnramn. 3ro noxnt nyrt.
On cnyxnn croponnnxam nononneenn n cmyrt, nce ero no-
crynxn omnount, a cnona noxnt. On nooen carane, xoropt
snaer ncrnny, no opercx c ne, ero cana]nsm npecrannxer co-
o opty c ncrnno. B +rom uenonexe ner nnuero xopomero,
on rope nx Hcnama, mt nce oxsant ornepnyrtcx or nero. Ero
peun npnront rontxo nx neennx cnopa c nenexo, on oro-
men or cana]nsma. anee on npoonxaer pyrant n apec an-

718
Peut ner o Fanrame (Banaame) nn Iaypa nn Hcpann, xoropt orxasancx
or oxecrnennoro orxponennx. Cm.: An-xamnr nn-axxam an-Kypan an-
Kypryn, cypa Hperpat, axr 175.
340
Maxann, a sarem nnmer: C +rnmn cnonamn nt ntcrynnnn ne-
pe cryenamn mapnarcxoro ]axyntrera, na xoropom x npeno-
am. 3nax, uro nt xnnere n Menne, n npnsnanax nac nenpepexa-
emtm anropnrerom, cryenrt saanann nam pasnnunte nonpoct.
Ha camom xe ene mex Panr nn Xan, xpnrnxymmn menx n
monx cryenron, nspan nont nyrt xpnrnxn mycyntman, xnnr n
nnxenn. On ntaer +ror nyrt sa nyrt axn ac-cynna na an-
xamara, na camom xe ene +ro necnpanennnt nyrt onnnennx
mycyntman n nenepnn, nra n epecn, on nasnan +ror nyrt
Hyrt cynnnron, xpnrnxymmnx nme, xnnrn n reuennx, na
camom xe ene +ro nyrt myranron. anee, on, onpantnaxct,
xnacrnnno nnmer: , xnana Annaxy, ne snam nnxaxoro pyroro
ncrnnnoro nyrn, xpome nyrn cana]on. yunncx y nx yuentx.
Pasne x mor npnnxrt cana]nsm nx roro, urot paspymnrt ero?
Fonee roro, rnon nocneonarenn n yuennxn n Kynere npnsnann
menx cana]nrom, nanonee xpocrno samnmammnm cana]nsm,
.x n cnoe xnnre an-Xyryr an-rapna nn ycyn arnx ac-
cana]nx nnxoro ne ynomxnyn no nmenn, Bt ocmennnaerect
saxnnxrt, uro Cen Kyr conepmnn nce nosmoxnte nra n pas-
pymnn nce nsnecrnte ocnont Hcnama. Hocne +roro on, nspan
pont anoxara, nnmer: Heyxenn nam nensnecrno, uro on nepnn
n Cynt ent, pasne nocne +roro ero moxno nastnart carano,
noxem nenepnx, paspymnnmnm ocnont Hcnama? Hocne +roro
on saxnnn: Bam nyrt, nyrt onnnennx mycyntman n nenepnn,
xnnxercx npoonxennem ena xapnxnron, no axe xapnxnrt
ne ronopnnn noonoro o cnonx onnonenrax. Tenept mt nnnm,
uro n cana]nsme ecrt reuenne, npnnnecmee n nero ro, uero n nem
ne tno. Cpen nponaranncron +rn nmn xapnxnrt. cpen
npannrene mypxnnrt, cpen npocroro napoa pa]nnrt,
cpen nyeen n xpncrnan xaapnrt. Bex Panr, nam nyrt xn-
no ne xnnxercx nyrem axn ac-cynna na an-xamara, net, xax ns-
necrno, cynnnrt tnn ouent mnnocept n ornomennn cnonx
onnonenron. Onn ns xpynntx xamannrcxnx yuentx o an-
Maxann nanncan cneymmee: 3ror uenonex n ero nocneona-
renn, cnymanmne ero xaccert, ocmennnnct nastnart mycyntman
nenepntmn n sanymnmn myranramn. Mne nsnecrno, uro
341
mex Panr npexpacno snaxom c meroamn xpnrnxn n noxnant,
no+romy x xouy saxnnrt, uro on napymnn +rn merot, a net, xax
nsnecrno, onn tnn sanoxent eme pannnmn yuentmn-
xanconeamn. Ero xpnrnxa npenparnnact n esocnonarentnym
pant, npeynennuenne
719
n necnpanennnocrt, .nam mero
npnnen namy xynercxym monoext x romy, uro xaxt nopo-
crox nauan cunrart cex nmamom-myxancom. Onn nanpano n
naneno nauann onnnxrt mycyntman n nenepnn, nra n sanyx-
ennxx, axe camtx ncxpennnx mycyntman-nponaranncron n
nente mycyntmancxne nnxennx, snam, uro moe nnctmo
moxer nocrnut ra xe yuacrt, uro nocrnrna nnctmo Faxpa Ay
3aa, xoropomy nt ornernnn rnycneme pyrantm, Hecmorpx
na nce +ro x ntney nac na uncrym noy. paccxaxy nmxm nce,
uro nt cxptnaere. noxaxy nm cyrt namero ranoro masxaa, x
paccxaxy o namnx rantx cronopax n o rom, xax nt cxptnaere
720

cnoe ncrnnnoe nnno. Tora nmn nomyr, uro nt anexn or nyrn
an-cynna. Kora nter nropoe nsanne xnnrn An-Xyryr an-
rapna., nmn ysnamr o ncex cronnax namero masxaa, o ncex
namnx ntcxastnannxx n ntcxastnannxx namnx cryenron. 3ro
xnnrn yer ocrarouno, urot noracnrt namy cmyry n noxasart
cyrt namero masxaa.
Vnaxaemte partx, xamannrt c yonontcrnnem npomt-
namr xocrouxn mycyntman, xora xe nm ne na xoro xnenerart,
onn naunnamr nonocnrt pyr pyra. Heyxenn +rn neoxapnxn-
rt n ecrt ncrnnnte nocnrenn npopouecxo cynnt?
IZ^_gb_ \ZooZ[bafZ
Vnaxaemt unrarent, ntme nt nosnaxomnnnct c xpona-
no ncropne +ro xapnxnrcxo cexrt n noxntmn yexenn-
xmn ee nocneonarene, no+romy ne ntstnaer comnennx, uro xo-
nen naxxansma nnsox. Ocoenno ycnnnnact nenanncrt x nax-
xansmy nocne nropo nont n Hepcncxom sannne. Hmenno
rora Hn Fas nsan ]erny o rom, uro xaxt xpnrnxymmn

719
Kax t x xoren, urot +rn cnona npounn nmn, omanyrte xamannrcxo
neonorne.
720
Taxona naxxanrcxax raxnx.
342
nno amepnxancxnx nocx na reppnropnm KCA xnnxercx sa-
nymnm. Mnorne ncxpennne naxxanrt ntcrynnnn npornn
+ro ]ernt, no+romy xcno, uro n nx pxax ner enncrna. Ceuac
mnorne naxxanrt, nonyunnmne cnercxoe opasonanne, norepx-
nn ynaxenne x Hn Fasy, x ymam, uro +ro xnnxercx naxasannem
Annaxa n +rom mnpe sa ro, uro on onnnxn n nenepnn mycyntman.
B nocnenne rot n KCA nponsomnn nexoropte cot-
rnx, xoropte nonnexnn sa coo orcrpanenne mnornx ncenoca-
na]nron or nynnuntx ntcrynnenn n ncxyccn, a raxxe npo-
ynnn n cepnax mycyntman anrnnarnm x +rnm nmxm. Fonee
roro, nexoropte ns nnx tnn axe nsnrt nanxamn n ro npemx,
xora sannmannct enom, xoropoe onn nastnamr npnstnom x
Annaxy. Heanno mt ncrpeuannct c nexoroptmn ns cayncxnx
parten, xoropte ouent cnntno xanonannct na noneenne nax-
xanron, xoropte nocroxnno unnnnn nm npe. B uacrnocrn ne-
xoropte ns naxxanron n camoe xapxoe npemx nx, xora nmn
npeamrcx nennomy ortxy, xonnn no ynnnam c oxornnutnmn
pyxtxmn n crpenxnn no cnyrnnxontm napaonnuecxnm anren-
nam. eno omno o roro, uro npocrte mycyntmane nauann
npenamepenno napymart naxxanrcxne sanpert, n axe nexo-
ropte xenmnnt crann ntxonrt na ynnnt, ne noxptnax nnn,
nnmt t ocanrt naxxanram. Hesnanne n neconmenne nax-
xanramn +nemenrapntx npannn ncnxonornn npnneno x romy,
uro nmn norepxnn ynaxenne x nexoroptm naxntm nennocrxm
pennrnn. B nrore, uenonex, ornercrnennt sa npnstn (arna),
axe tn cnxr c nocra. Bosmoxno, nepearrecrannx nexoroptx
ornercrnenntx nnn npnneer x ncnpannennm ntnemnero cocro-
xnnx naxxanrcxoro omecrna.
Bce +ro yxastnaer na nnsxn xonen naxxanrcxoro pe-
xnma. Bcnomnnre ncropnm arensma, ero sanne pyxnyno na ro-
nont cnonx cosarene, ro xe camoe nponsoer n c naxxans-
mom, n axe pantme, uem saxonunrcx ne]rt n KCA. uem nen
myxaccnmnron nyume ne marepnanncron-esoxnnxon? a
nnuem. Hepnte orpnnamr nce ecrecrnennte nayxn, a nropte
cunramr pennrnm snom.
343
AZ\_jrZxs__ keh\h
Vnaxaemt unrarent, nor nt n nosnaxomnnnct c naxxa-
nsmom. Bt ysnann, uro naxxanrt oxnnxmr osnonenno
xpont mycyntman-monorencron, orxastnamrcx noenart c nenep-
ntmn, oxnnxmr mycyntman xstunnxamn, npnepxnnamrcx ne-
poyuennx, ouent noxoxero na nyecxoe, npnnercrnymr saxnar-
unxon xann]ara n xononnsaropon mycyntmancxnx crpan, ynn-
xamr Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) n sanpemamr nocemenne ero mornnt. Ho-
cne roro xax nt nce +ro ysnann, y nac, ecrecrnenno onxnt no-
xnnrtcx nonpoct: nx ute nontst onn nce +ro enamr? Ha xoro
paoramr?
Mt nontraemcx ornernrt na +rn nonpoct. Xorx mt n ne
nepnm no ncemnpnt anrnncnamcxn saronop, no ner comnennx n
rom, uro nparn Hcnama enno n nomno crpoxr npoexrt ynnuro-
xennx name nnnnnnsannn. B Kopane no +romy nonoy Annax
cxasan: LZd `_ [dZd b \ F_dd_], Fu b \ [^jm]bo] ]hjh^Zo h[-
jZlbeb \ ]j_rgbdh\ \eZklv ij_^_j`Zsbo jZ^b lh]h, qlh[u
hgb hkms_kl\eyeb lZf k\hb dh\Zjgu_ aZfukeu. Gh ih\_jgm-
ehkv bo dh\Zjkl\h ijhlb\ gbo kZfbo, Z hgb b g_ \_^Zxl [h[
wlhf]' (6:123), Gbdh]^Z g_ [m^ml ^h\hevgu lh[hc gb bm^_b,
gb ojbklbZg_, _keb g_ ihke_^m_rv aZ bo mq_gb_f. KdZ`b [h Fm-
oZffZ^ ]. 'Lhevdh imlv :eeZoZ wlh ijyfhc imlv`. : _keb lu
ihke_^m_rv aZ bo `_eZgbyfb, ihke_ lh]h dZd l_[_ y\behkv
[[h`_kl\_ggh_] agZgb_, lh :eeZo g_ [m^_l l_[_ gb ihdjh\b-
l_e_f, gb aZklmigbdhf (2:120). A Hpopox (c.r.c.) n onom ns
xancon coomaer: Bcxope nacrynnr npemx, xora nce nannn
coepyrcx n napocxrcx na nac, rax xe xax napactnamrcx xn-
nornte na cnom otuy. 3rn cnxmennte rexcrt xcno ronopxr
o rom, uro nparn Hcnama n opte c nnm ncnontsymr pasnnunte
merot n cpecrna, a ocoenno onacntm nparom mycyntmancrna
xnnxercx Oprannsannx cnoontx maconon, nmenno ona con-
paer nce nyeo-xpncrnancxne cnnt n onn xynax.
Tem, xro ne snaxom c maconcxnm nnxennem, mt xornm
noxcnnrt, uro +ro nnxenne noxnnnoct n Ernnre, ero ocnonare-
nxmn tnn nyen. Hmenno c nnm tnn cnxsant xpecronte no-
xot, rano nentm xoroptx tno ocnooxenne Conomonona
344
xpama. Taxxe rante cnnt maconcrna croxr sa ]pannyscxo pe-
nonmnne. Maconcrno nocrannno cnoe nentm oennnrt no
cnonmn snamenamn nce caranncrcxne cnnt +roro mnpa. Cpen
meroon n cpecrn maconcxoro conpamennx nt moxere ncrpe-
rnrt n cexc, n anxoront, n entrn, n nnacrt, nce +ro nomoraer nm
nnacrnonart na ymamn uenoneuecrna.
Macont epxar n cnonx pyxax ncm mnponym +xonomnxy,
nmenno no+romy ona nocrpoena na pocronmnuecrne. Onaanne
ontme uacrtm mnponoro orarcrna nosnonxer nm xonrponnpo-
nart CMH. axe myntr]nntmt onn ncnontsymr nx pacnpocr-
panennx esoxnx, pasnpara n pacnymennocrn. Macont, ncnont-
syx cnoe marepnantnoe rocnocrno, ntramrcx nocrponrt napcr-
no carant.
Macont npecrannxmr coo ncemnpnoe nnxenne, co-
rnacno nx nnanam tnn pasoxxent oe mnponte nont n no-
cnenxx nona (sa ne]rt) n Hepcncxom sannne. Ha ceronxm-
nn ent camtm ontmnm nnanapmom maconcrna xnnxercx
CBA, a ero npononnxom amepnxancxn onnap, na xoropom
nsopaxen xopx Bamnnrron, uenonex, npnmrnnmn maconon
n CBA n oxasanmn nm neonennmte ycnyrn. Macont xenamr
nocnnrart uenoneuecrno n yxe esoxnx, urot nmn poxa-
nnct n ymnpann es Fora, urot onn nce crann cnyramn Anrn-
xpncra (an-Macnx a-axan).
Hcnam yxe cnonm onnm noxnnennem nanec crpamnt
yap no maconcrny, nmenno no+romy maconcrno, naunnax co
npemen Hpopoxa (c.r.c.) n xpecrontx noxoon nnnort o namnx
ne, crapanoct ncxopennrt ero, no nce nontrxn ne npnnecnn
rpeyemoro pesyntrara, n macont pemnnn ncnontsonart nonoe
cpecrno.
Macont npncnymannct x conery 3omapa orannrt my-
cyntman or Hcnama n nnmnrt ero monoext croxocrn n mo-
pantntx ycroen, n nocrenenno n mycyntmancxnx crpanax naua-
nn pacnpocrpanxrtcx napxornxn n sanante ]nntmt. A xpome
ncero +roro macont nsopenn nont ncnam. Hcnam, ocnonannt
na meue n xnxae, onaxo +ror xnxa tn opamen npornn
camnx mycyntman. 3ror ncnam tn ocnonan na monorensme, npn-
345
snananmem ora, nmemmero ]opmy. nx +roro ncnama nce oc-
rantnte mycyntmane tnn xstunnxamn. 3ro nonoe yexenne
oxsarentno onxno tno nocnrt mycyntmancxne oexnnx n
nnaert xpynnemnmn mycyntmancxnm cnxrtnxmn.
Ho saannm maconcrna Bexcnnp, unnnnnn, nxcon n
Koxc cosann +ror nont ncnam, a ero xpontm crana ne]rt.
Hont ncnam nonnornncx n naxxanrcxom mapnare, xo-
ropt nponosrnacnn nosynrn ocnooxennx mycyntman or xst-
uecrna n xxot npnmen, urot ocnoonrt uenoneuecrno ns
rmptmt +roro mnpa n ntnecrn ero na npocropt oonx mnpon.
Ho nsnecrno nn naxxanram, uro na camom ene onn cny-
xar nparam Hcnama? uyncrnymr nn onn +ro
721
? Fyer nn y nnx
nemnoro npemenn, urot ocranonnrtcx n saymartcx o nanpan-
nennn, n xoropom onn nyxyrcx? Cmoryr nn onn ounyrtcx or ne-
oxapnxnrcxnx ne?
Annax no +romy nonoy n Kopane cxasan: L_o, qvb mkbeby
\ wlhc `bagb [ueb ls_lgu, Z \_^v hgb ^mfZeb, qlh ihklmiZ-
xl gZbemqrbf h[jZahf (18:104).
a, mt nepnm n Annaxa n naeemcx na Ero nomomt, n xa-
xnm t nnauenntm nn tno cocroxnne mycyntman, mt unraem
cnona Annaxa: Hgb kljhbeb dhagb, :eeZo `_ jZkkljZb\Ze bo
\_^v :eeZo emqr_ \k_o jZkkljZb\Z_l dhagb (8:30), Hgb ih-
ke_^h\Zl_eb rZclZgZ. H ^Z' <hbklbgm, klhjhggbdb rZclZgZ,
ihg_krb_ mjhg (58:19), - n x nam nosnpamaercx onrnmnsm.
K\b^_l_evkl\h =hkih^Z
Kora +ra xnnra yxe nourn tna rorona x nsannm, menx
nauann oonenart comnennx ornocnrentno coornercrnnx ee co-
epxannx ecrnnrentnocrn. Bet nmxm cnocrnenno omn-
artcx n cneonart sa cnonmn omnountmn nexmn. Ho+romy x
pemnn nanpannrtcx n meuert n conepmnrt monnrny ncrnxapa
722
,

721
Bnont xouy nonropnrtcx n cxasart, uro mnorne nocneonarenn naxxansma
ne noospenamr, xro nx ncnontsyer n n xaxnx nenxx. Onn cnxro nepxr n ro,
uro Myxamma nn Iaynnaxxa tn ononnrenem cnoero nexa.
722
Hentm +ro monnrnt xnnxercx onpeenenne nannyumero ns nyx nmem-
mnxcx napnanron.
346
x ncnonnnn +ry monnrny, a nocne nee co mno cnyunnoct ro, or
uero noexann no xoxe mypamxn. nayra orxptn Kopan, na-
uan unrart, n nepntmn, nonanmnmncx mne axramn tnn: LZd
dZd `_ :eeZom g_ ih^\_j]gmlv bo gZdZaZgbx, _keb hgb g_ ^himk-
dZxl d AZij_lghc f_q_lb [ihke_^h\Zl_e_c FmoZffZ^Z], g_
[m^mqb __ kljZ`Zfb? ?_ kljZ`Zfb [fh]ml [ulv] lhevdh [h-
]h[hyag_ggu_, gh [hevrbgkl\h bo g_ \_^Z_l h[ wlhf. : fhebl-
\Z bo ijb [F_ddZgkdhf] ojZf_ [ueZ ebrv k\bklhf b lj_kdhf.
[B [m^_l bf kdZaZgh]. LZd \dmkbl_ `_ fmdb aZ lh, qlh \u [u-
eb g_\_jmxsbfb. <hbklbgm, g_\_jmxsb_ jZkoh^mxl k\h_ bfm-
s_kl\h gZ lh, qlh[u kh\jZlblv [\_jmxsbo] k imlb :eeZoZ, b
hgb bajZkoh^mxl \k_. Ihlhf hgb [m^ml kh`Ze_lv h[ wlhf, Z
\ke_^ aZ l_f hgb [m^ml ih[_`^_gu. L_ `_, dhlhju_ g_ m\_jh-
\Zeb, [m^ml hlijZ\e_gu \ Z^, qlh[u :eeZo hl^_ebe ]j_rgh]h
hl ^h[jh]h, k\Zebe ]j_rgbdh\ [\ dmqm] h^gh]h gZ ^jm]h]h, kh-
[jZe bo \k_o \f_kl_ b ihf_klbe \ Z^m. Bf_ggh hgb b kmlv ih-
l_ji_\rb_ m[ulhd. KdZ`b [FmoZffZ^] g_\_jguf, qlh _keb
hgb \ha^_j`Zlky hl [kh\jZs_gby \_jmxsbo k imlb :eeZoZ],
lh bf [m^ml ijhs_gu bo ijhreu_ ]j_ob. ?keb `_ hgb \gh\v
h[jZlylky [d \jZ`^_ k fmkebfZfb], lh \_^v m`_ \ ^Z\gb_
\j_f_gZ [aZ ih^h[gu_ ^_ygby] [ueb gZdZaZgu ^j_\gb_ ihdhe_-
gby. KjZ`Zcl_kv k g_\_jgufb, ihdZ hgb g_ i_j_klZgml kh-
\jZsZlv [\_jmxsbo k imlb :eeZoZ] b ihdZ hgb g_ [m^ml ihdeh-
gylvky lhevdh :eeZom. ?keb `_ hgb [m^ml [kh\jZsZlv k imlb
\_jmxsbo], lh \_^v :eeZo \b^bl lh, qlh hgb \_jrZl. ?keb `_
g_\_jmxsb_ g_ i_j_klZgml [k[b\Zlv \Zk k imlb], lh ^Z [m^_l
\Zf ba\_klgh, qlh :eeZo \Zr ihdjh\bl_ev. Ij_djZkguc hg
ihdjh\bl_ev b ij_djZkguc aZklmigbd' (8:36 40). Knxnyct
Annaxom, uro +rn axrt menx yennn n rom, uro +ry xnnry cne-
yer nsart xax moxno cxopee. ee nepecmorpen sanono, oa-
nnn nexoropte onot n ]axrt, es xoroptx ona xasanact t
cnao n neocronepno.
Hmenno no+romy x nnuno conerym xaxomy comnenam-
memycx cecrt n onnouecrne, oparnrtcx x Annaxy, conepmnrt
monnrny ncrnxapa n nonpocnrt y Annaxa nacrannennx, n Annax
pacxpoer emy ncrnny.
347
Hrax, oporo unrarent, x onen o nac ro, uro mne tno
nsnecrno o naxxanrax. O Annax, yt cnnerenem.
Ha +rom x sanepmam +ry xnnry, n nocnene monto y-
yr cnona Xnana Annaxy, Iocnoy mnpon. Cnxr Tt, o Annax,
xnana Tee, mt cnnerentcrnyem, uro ner oxecrna, xpome Tex,
mt npocnm y Tex npomennx.
Ihwlbq_kdh_ ijbeh`_gb_.
<ZooZ[baf \ l\hjq_kl\_ ebl_jZlhjh\.
Hgb ij_\jZlbebkv \ k_dlm ]hj^_ph\ b ]heh\hj_ah\

Annax nennx, On coxpymnn nenexecrno
3ry xnnry x xouy sanepmnrt necxontxnmn crnxornopenn-
xmn mexa Ay Faxpa Iapaxmana nn Myxammaa Bnxaa
(ym. 1341r. (1922r.)) (copnnx ero crnxornopenn tn nsan n
Cnnranype n 1342r. (1923r.)), c. 113 114.
Onn npenparnnnct n cexry ropenon n rononopeson. Onn
nnann n sanyxenne. Onn npnnncann Annaxy reno n ynoonnn
Ero cosannxm. Onn ncxasnnn pennrnm, saanax nonpoc: Ie?.
Onn oxnnnn: Kro nosnennunr cnxrtnn Iocnoa, ror xstu-
nnx. Onn nocneonann sa yuennem Hn Temnn n Hn Iayn-
naxxaa. Onn ornepnynnct or ncrnnt n nocneonann sa cnonmn
neponannxmn. Ox, ecnn t moemy crnxornopennm nnxnn cney-
mmne ncrnne. Ceronx +ro cexra nenex, onn ymamr, uro o-
crarouno ornnuart myxcxo po or xencxoro. Onn ne nonnmamr
cnoero nenexecrna. Cex onn nastnamr axn an-xanc, no xan-
con ne nonnmamr.
Hgb hlh[jZeb m ex^_c ijhiblZgb_
Cyneman an-Incn
723
nanncan o nnx cneymmee:
Onn oropann y nme nponnranne, a sarem ropennno
npomnnct na nx ocranxamn n menxontx oexnnxx. Onn xnxnnct
oromcrnrt xpontm n ynnann npxmo nnyrpn cnxrtnt. B cnxrt-

723
Hactp ac-Carn. Tapnx An Cary. T. 3 C. 580.
348
nxx nexann yxacammne ocranxn ynrtx. Ecnn t onn crtn-
nnct crpannn ncropnn, ro ne conepmnnn t +roro.
:eeZo \_ebd, Hg ba\_e g_\_`_kl\h
Crnxornopenne, npnneennoe nnxe, npnnanexnr nepy
anropa ce xnnrn. nanncan ero nx namero para-mannxnra,
samnmammero masxa n opmmerocx c neoxapnxnramn. Menx
nopasnna cnna ero onoon, croxocrt n naroponte manept.
a oxaxer Annax emy noepxxy.
Annax nennx, On nsnen nenexecrno, n sacnxna ncrnna, n
osapnna nce noxpyr. O nonxn amapnr, neyxenn rt npomenxn
cnon xopnn na ropennnt xamannsm? Pasne ree nensnecrno,
uro xamannrt ncnauxann semnm raxcnmom? Onn onnnnnn n
nenepnn ncex, xro ne cornacen c nnmn, n nosropnnnct rem, uro
coxrnn mycyntmancxne xnnrn. Onn ynnann naoxntx n nyx-
ammnxcx, a crpany ranxna oxnnnn xoponencrnom. B cnoem
xoponencrne onn oxnnnn osnonenntm ro, uro sanpernn An-
nax. Hx saxont ecrnymr rontxo na cnatx, a cnntntx onn o-
xoxr cropono. Cxontxo pyx tno orceueno necnpanennno, no
net +ro nnmt pyxn cnatx. O masxa sna, no rnoemy nenennm n
cnxmennom an-Xapame, n cnxmennte mecxnt no npemx rana]a
tnn ynrt xenmnnt, n xpont nanomnnxon nnnact pexo na
cnnrxn Kopana. B ror ent ocranmnecx n xnntx tnn norpee-
nt nmecre c ynrtmn. anno yxe onn saxnarnnn cnxmennym
Menny, n Mexxy, a nx xnrene mopnnn ronoom n noxae. 3rn
nexncxne eynnt conepmnnn ro, na uro ne nonxnact pyxa
monronon n nx npenonrenx Xynary. O snammn par, npnn
na nx apec n nnrepnere, n rt ynnnmt nx nenexecrno. Hpnn n
pacce nx sanyxennx. Hpnn n sapoca nx cnerom oxecr-
nenno xnnrn n noexamme cynnt Hpopoxa (c.r.c.). Mnp ree
or rnonx parten n mycyntmancxnx crpanax. 3rn nmn npncxr-
nynn Annaxy n rom, uro yyr xnrt es nra, ne npnunnxr npe-
a nenepntm, npnsnamr axn xnra cnonmn partxmn, no ornepr-
nyr mycyntmancxne nnxennx. O oporo par, npnn n Hnrep-
ner n oxaxn nomomt cnoe pennrnn, nycrt ona nanonnnrcx xem-
uyxnnamn, noontmn ree.
349
;b[ebh]jZnby
Dgb]b

1. ='' '' --'-' ^--+--' ~-';=-' - ^--'---' _',;V' _'=-' -=~
~'~- 1345 - .
2. '-' '~`= - --'-' ,--,- J>= -;---' ^--' ,|~' ~- =' '~
= '-' 11412 - .
3. -'~-= --'-' -' ~-= ',-V' _',~ = ~- '~' '~ 1 1990
4. --' _' -' ,- ^--= - ^--';-' ^-,--' --- ~-' ='-= ~'~`' .
5. ~`-+' - -' --';--' ---; --';,-' -+- = -' -'-' '~ 3 1402 - .
6. -- -' J--= ,- --=' ' -' '~ --= -'-= --'-' - .
7. -- -' ^---- ,-' -' -' '~ _-=' ~+-~ -+--' -'' --= -'-=
--'-' .
8. -- -' ^-->~(' ~'---' --'-' -=~~-' -=~' .
9. -- -' '--;V' ^--= = -~' --' '~ 1 --- 1409 .
10. '= -' ~~=' ) --=- ( ~'|~-' -- ~';-'--- ,- --=- -,-~ - '-`' '~
-'=--' -=-~'- -~=~ .-`' ===~' _-'- ~- --- ) 764 =-- .(
11. -=' ~~= - ~~=' _'---' =-~; --~' ~'-' --~ 1418 - .
12. `=~ -- - ~~=' ^--';-' _-- -,-' - ^--~-' ,,--' = ' _~'= '~ 2
' --'- . '-- ,=`' -=' ^--';-' _-- -,-' - ^--~-' ~V'---' --'-' -=' -'-' 1319 .
13. `=~ -- - ~~=' ',=-' ----' ',-' ,'-- - >--' ^~>= 2227 = .
'= .---~' 1986 .
14. `=~ -- - ~~=' ^--';-' ^--- .---~' 1978
15. -'-`' -' ,--=- -+'~- ,;---' -'=-' ,- -+'~ = . ~~~ ~`~`' --~' .
16. -'-`' ^=-=~-' ~--'=V' ^-~-~ = ~`~`' --~' 4 1405 - .
17. ~-~=' -' -' ^->--' |- _,~ --=- : --'-' .--' -' ~~=~ . --- : '~
_`' -=' .-=' 1407 - .
18. ' -' -' -;'==-' -----' _,~ ^ = -'-`' -'- ~~=~ --=- 8 --~'
~~~~`~`' .
19. _- -' -' ^--'-=-' ~'--= -~ -~~=~' -~' = .
20. -``' -' ^-'-' -~' --- -' -'-' -'-=' '~
21. -``' -' _-,'--' - J-'--' = --- -' -'-' -'-=' '~ 4 1414 - .
22. -``' -' -'|--' ,-V' ~-,- - ^ ) ~--=-' ( --- -' '~ 1399 -
23. =' -' ----' ~~---' _-- -,-' ~~=~' =' ~~=~ --=- 1403 - .
24. =' -' ,--;,---'; '-~-' -~' --' '~ -'-' -'~-= --=
= --- 1 1406 - .
25. =' -' ^-,---' ~-'- ^--~--' ^-~ -- -'-~' _= -' ~= _-~' --=-
= -' '~`' '~ ='-= 2 1412 '~= - . --~ ~~=~ '+--= -' -=' _= '--' '-~~-=' ~
--- '-=' '~ -'-`' -'=-`' -'~~=' ~ '~`' .
26. --' -' ,----~,-' ^--V' ,'-=' -'=' -~=' -'=-=~' 1986
27. - -' ' '-'~- '-; ^=-=~-' -----' -~-- -' --~ = .
350
28. '- -' ^--,-' ^--;--' --- = ~`~`' --~' ~- 6 1408 - .
29. ==- -' ,'-~V' ~-'+-; ,'~-V' ~-',- - ,'=--' ^-=- --=' -=~'
= 1 1322 - .
30. -~-- -' -=+-' J' ^--'=- ---~--' =',~-' '~--' -=- --' ~~'= ~~=~ -
--'-' 1369 - .
31. -~-- -' ,---' ^-;-=-' ) -'-- : ,-' -~=' -~~-' '~' ( --=-
~'~- ~-' .'~= -=~ .~~ --' ~~'= .
32. -~-- -' ,---' ;'---' --' '~ '== ~'-'~-= --' _-=-~ ~~=~ --=-
= --- -~' 1 1408 - .
33. -~-- -' ,;--' -,;~ ,-~-- --- -~' --' '~ .
34. -~-- -' J-'~--'; J-'~,-' _;-+- _-'- ~- -~ '-~' -= .
35. -~-- -' ^-~-' '|-- ^-;---' --- -~' --~' .
36. -~-- -' _'-+(' ~-',- --- = -` _'~=`' --'~ -'- ~'- _= .
37. = -' -=' - ,-=-' ,-~-- ) ,',--' ,-~-- - ,'---' -'+ ( -' '~
1408 - .
38. '-= -' ~'---' = ~' ~'-' ~-= --'~`' -'~' --'~ =~ -=~ 1
1973 .
39. -`-~' == -' ^--'--' ^-'--' ,'--' - ^--'--' ,,--' -'-' -'-=' '~
--- -' .
40. ' == -' -`-~ ~--|--' ~-,-- --' '~ '== ~'-'~-= _-=-~ --=-
= --- -~' 1 1413 - .
41. -`-~' == -' ~--|--' ~--|- --- -' '~ 1988 .
42. -`-~' == -' ,'--' _-- -' -'-' -'-=' '~ '=-' _-=- _~-
--- 1988 .
43. ~--+' == -' '---' ^----=-' ; -=' -'-' _-=-~ -=~ --~
= -~ -~`' 3 1409 - .
44. _= --~'= ~--+' == -' ;;--' 4~'-- --~' --~' -= .
45. = -' J=--'; ';V'; J---' - J~--' ~'~- _-`~' --~ .
46. ~~ -' ,---' ~'--=-' --- ~'- '~ 1405 - .
47. = -' ,~--' ,-'=- . ===~ .
48. -~-'= -' ,'-=--' ,--' _-- ,'-=--' -, --'-' --~`' -=~' 1326 - .
49. ~= -' J'+,-' '-~ - J-'--' = -' '~ ' -- -~' --=- 3
1988 .
50. -` -' ^-'|--'; ^-'---' = -~' --' '~ 4 1408 - .
51. '=-' ,'--' ,----' _- --- -~' --' '~ .
52. =-' ^-->~(' ^-,~-' --|- ^--- ,==' ^---->-' . ~~~ -''-' --~ .
53. =-' --~',-' ^->=-' _-,'- ,+;- - ^-;---' -,-~-' ^-- -' -' '~
= ~~~ -' '~ --- 10 : 1991 -~'=' 1416 - .
54. -- '-,-' _-! ^-=, ^~'=-' _',;V'; ~=- ) -- _~ :( ~ . -~' _~-=
~'-~' _--' ~-' '=- '-`' ~~~ .
55. -+--' ~'-~-'; '-~V' -'-' -'-=' '~ `' ~-' ~~=~ _-~' --
--- -' .
56. -+--' ,---' ,-~-' --- ~' '~ .
351
57. ~= - --'-' -- ~;-- -~',--' ~'~=; ^-,~--' ^-3,-' ,-- J>|-'
^-----' ~ -= = ~ =' .-='~~' ~= =~`' ~ -- . '`' -=~ -'- _'- ~~=~
=-~~ `-~=' .
58. -'=-~' -= J=--'; J---' - ~;=- = --- -~`~`' '~' 2 1991 .
59. '-' ~- .-~= _-'~-' ,+--' -'~'' .~-' -~ _= ~'
'= -~ = '=' 1323 - .
60. -'- ~' = - ~= -=-'; -'-' -- ---- _-- - ,-'; ^-----' . --'-' _'~-`'
--=' -'`' -'--~' --~~ ,~ 19631990 ~`' . ~-' '~ _' -'~' ~- .
61. -'-~' = - ~= ------' --=;--' --- ,-- ~-=-' --`-' '=~ .'=-'
= ~`' -' '~`' '~ -~`~`' -~--' 2 1413 - .
62. -'-~' = - ~= ^-;'==-' -----' _,~ _-=~ ' ^-~-' J' -----
^-'-+-'; = 1 -' '~`' '~ 213 '+-- '~ .
63. '-= - -~= -+- _-,'- _= -~' _-~' .' -'~-= - -'~-= -='-=
-~~' .
64. '-= ~--= -~= ^-->~(' ^-=',----' ,'-- = ~'-~' _-'-' ~'~`' ~-'-- .
~-~=' '~ .
65. -`-~' ~~'= - ~'= ^---~-' -'-- _-- ^---~-' -;-,-' ~-' -~ '~
'--~ .
66. ~'~-' --==' -'-- _-,'- ' -=~ -~ -~'~ 1349 - .
67. ~+ --= ^--';-' ,',--; -;~-' -=-' -=+ = ~- _--' ~- '--'
1 1411 - .
68. ' -~' -= ,-,-'--- 4---' -|- - -,-,+-' ^-~ --`~ ' '~
--- 1970 .
69. ~-~ '|-','+; ~-;--' ='-~' ~'= --- .
70. ~-~ ~-' ~,- ',= -'= - ~~ -~- --= -~=- _= -~'
=~=' '~=' 1 --' 1997 .
71. --~' ='-=-' -,--- -'-' -'-=' '~ ~~' _- - ~='~-= _-=--
~~' ~- ~' =' --~ -' .
72. --~' >---' >-' ,-~ = --- '~' ~~~ 3 1405 - .
73. -~' - --- ;--' = - ~= `-~'=' _= -= = ~ '-'
= -' '~`' '~ ' ~= -'-~' 1 1419 - .
74. --~' J'---V' ,',-- = ~' '~ '=-' ~~=~ --=- 1 .
75. --~' ^---- ,-V ---' ^=-~- = --- ~-' ='-= _-'~~' '~ 1
1419 - .
76. -' ---= - _- _-=~-' -'+-' = --- ~=' '~ 1 1415 - .
77. -' --=- '- ;- ~-' _'-, _-=' -= ~- --=' .~ -~~'
1991 - 1994 = 3
78. ~--' ;-'--' ,';+ ,- ;,-' '- --- : = -'-=' --~ '~ 1 1306
6 - .
79. '' -- >~(' ^-----' ~'~~3--' -;-|~-' ,'---'; ^-- -~' =
--- ~-' -'~'~ 1416 - .
80. -- = --'~ ~';-'--- ,- --=- _-~-' -;--; -+- _-,'- ~= ---
--- --`' --~' -'~-~ '-~'
352
81. -~' ,---' ^--'~-' ~'--= --'-' ---~=' -=~ 1324 - .
82. -=' '-= - ~-~ ,'--(' --';- --|-- '~= -=~ -'-' -' =
83. ---' =-~ - ~-~ -'=-' ~-~-' = ~'--=`' ~'=`' --~'='- ~=' ~ _=
1 ~'-' --~ 1415 - .
84. ='--' ~`~ ) ~~-~ ( ,';-V' ~'-~; _-'=-' ~'-~ ,-- ,',--' ,'-,- =~
-+-- -'--' -'~~`'- .
85. ' -~ `+ -;--; ^~',- ;= --~ ~'--3- = 1 -=~~-' _-'=~' ~
1403 - .
86. ~=-' -'-'~-= - '~-~ ^--';-' _-- -,-' - ^-|-(' _-';~-' ~ --=
'=-' ~~=~ --'-' -= = -~ '~-`' '~ = .
87. ~+~~' _-=~--' ,'- ,'-='- '-;-' '-; -' '~ --- -~' - .
88. =-~' ,---' -'~=-' = --- -~' --' '~ 1 1403 - .
89. '-~' ~',~V' ~=- ~'=-(' -'=~' '~ -~ --~`' -=~'
-'=-=~ .
90. -'~' ,'-=V' _---- _,~ ,'=;V' J-- --- -' -'-' -'-=' '~ .
91. '-' ' - _'- ,=- --~ --=-- ^---~-' ~'-- - '- _-- ~'----; ~'
,'~-, .. ~';-|-' ,- = 2 '-' ~- =' '~ 1411 - .
92. ~--' .-= -~' _`- ~'--;-'- -';-' = -- -~- --=- 2 1381 - .
93. ~'-' _`- ~--=-' ,~-' - ~,-' -,-,+ --' -'~'~' -=-' ~+~
--'-' 1960
94. -=' 4;---'; -V' _-,'- --- -~' --' '~ 1417 - .
95. '==' ,'-1' -'- _,~ ' ) ,'-1' -'- ( -=~ --~=' .~~
~-+' -'-=-~' 1300 - .
96. .= -~~' -'~' '- --- -- '- -' _= ~' -=' ~='~-=
- -~' -`= .'-~ ~' --~ _-- -=' ~='~-= -'- -='-= _= -~' ~- '---
-~-'~=~-~=' 2000101996 = 1 .
97. '~' ~='~-= ^---- ,-' ~---' ^----' -' -'- ~~ .
98. _-~' .' ~= - ~='~-= --+--' _-- -'-' '~ ~-=-' -'- _~
= --- -' 1 1415 - .
99. -'~~' -'- ~='~-= J----'; J-'--' J~-- = --- '~-`' '~ 1
1409 .
100. -'~~' -'- ~='~-= _-'~--' ^---- --- '~-`' '~ .
101. -=~' -='~-= ---'; -,'+(' ,-- -,--' ,',--'; ^--' - ,'+--' --~
-- .
102. -`-' ~'-'~-= ^--,-' ^=---' ^--';-' ^-,--' ^-~ _-- -,-' - -=~
~~~ -'=--'
103. ~-~=' _'- - -'~-= ,',;--' ^-'~- - ,',-=-' ^-'- --~' -=~
'-' .
104. ~-=' -'~-= ^---- ,- --=' ~V>~ ~~- - ^- - ~-' ~V'---' = 3 1417 -
--- _-'~~' '~ .
105. ~- ~-=~'~-= -,'--' ->~(' _,~--' - -~-' ~---- ,---'; ~'-~-' _
= -~= ~' `= 1 1983 .
353
106. ~=-' --=' ~- - '~`= -+- _-,'- - -+--' ,';-- '-' --~
''~-= ~~=~ _-~' - '~-' -'~~' =-- -~ .`' -=' + ~ ~- _-'- ~- `-~='
'- ~~' -~= --~' = . ---- --'`' -=' _= '+-' '~~ -~~~ _-'~ '-~~-=' ~
-~ 1974 _-~' .' -'~-= -' --='~-= - ~='~-= '+--= -' .
107. -=' '-=-' ~~- '-' -~' _= --~'=`' ~ +-~' '~= '-`' .-~
= --- -' -'-' -'-=' '~ 2 1351 - .
108. --' ,----' '-~-' ~ --=- . -~' --' '~ = -~' =~'~-=
= --- 1 1407 .
109. ~'' -'' = --=;--'; ^--';-' --- --~' '~
110. -~' ~'-'~-= ~= -,;---' ^-----' ,'-' ,- -|--' _=' -'~-~ ~~~
= '+= 1 1408 - .
111. ' -- ^--';-' -;---' ,-' _-= 1354 - .
112. -'==-' ~+ ^--;~-' ^---;-'; >~(' = 1 1405 -
113. -'==-' ~+ ^-- -,,+- . '+=-- ^--;~-' ^=----' ^~- ~- '--'
= ~- _--' 2 1409 - .
114. '~-~' -'- - ~+ ,-----' _-'~ ,- --=- _-~-' J-'~,; ;'-- _;-+-
= 1 -~ 1412 '-'- ~- =' '~ -= - .
115. ~'-' --' =-=--' ;-'--' .-=' '~ --- .
116. -- -+- _-,'- --- --`' --~' .
117. _~~~' -=-' -~-- -=-' ,',--' '-=V -'+-' --' '~ -=~
= --~' 11369 - .
118. -- _-'--' _-'~- -'~'' = --'-' _-'~' -- 1 1328 - .
119. _ - . - ~,'--' --=-' - '--'=-,- 1795 - 1880 - ~-~' -'=-=~
~-` 1968 ---`'-
120. --' --=' _-=' '~-`' -= = _'~ -~' -=' _;-=
^--;~-' ^--,-' ^-----' - ,'~-(' = 1 1989
121. _ _ ~- --=-' J--- = = ~= ~=- 2 1975 .
122. ~-+' --~' J'--' ,-- = '~' ~~~ 5 1405 - .
123. ^--+--' J-'~--'; J-'~,-' ^-;-+- = 1 -~ '-~' -=~ 1345 - .
124. '-~- -`=~ -''-=~ =~=~ ~';--' ,- =-,'- ,+;- --~' -'~-~
'-~- -~'-~' -~' 1856 --=-`' '- .
125. =~=~ : '-~- -`=~ ~ -''-=~ ^--';-' J-'---' ,- =-,'- ,+;-
^--,-' '-~- -~'-~' -~' --~' -'~-~ 1856 ---`' '- .
126. ~-' -~' -=~ --=' ~'=~' +',- - --=V' |--' = --- --' '=
2 1984 .
127. -~`' ~=~ ~';-'--- ,- --=- _'--' - ~'--,V' ~~- -~`' ~= --=-
= 2 1382 - .
128. .-~~'- ~~=' ~~=~ --=;--' |-- ~-- -=~' ~ ~ -~`~`' ~'='
-~~' --' ~~' .
129. -'= --~' ~~=~ -,-+-' _-,'- - -+-; ,'+=-' ,'-=' ,- = . ~'~-' '~
~=-' -=- = -'~`' 1 1395 .
130. -`' ~~=~ ^--'-('; ^-~-' J' ,-- ^---~-' -'~'~ -~' ~
= -~`~`' 1 --- 1418 - .
354
131. -~' ~~=~ ^-~,--' _-';~-' ,~-=- -` ~-' _~-' .-' _= ~'
= --'-' --~ -=' --' 2 1385 - .
132. ~'+'~-= - ~~=' - ~~=~ ^---- ,-' ~-'-- - ^-,--' -;--' ~~=~ --=-
--- -~' --' '~ --' ~~'= .
133. -'+--' --= - ~~=~ ^--,-' -,-,+-' _-,'- - ^--'|---' ^-=--' -'-=' '~
= --- ' 1 1406 - .
134. ~~' -'~-= - ~~=~ ^-=--' ^--V' ~' ~' -=~ ~= _= -~
_--' ~- ~'' ~~~ .
135. ^--- '---' '--; ^-=>~(' ^-;--; ^---~-' ^----- ~';-'--- ,- --=- . =
-~~' . _'-- ` ,~+- .
136. -'-'~-= - ~~=~ ^-~=~-' J-'~,-' - ~~=~ _-~' -'-~ =~=~ ~-
--' _'- ~~=~ '-' ' - _'- _-=---'-'~-= ='-''-' _-'=~ 11398
8 - .
137. -'-'~-= - ~~=~ ----' _-- =' _= ; --' --=;--' ~'-- --~' _-=
~~~- ~`~`' 1962 .
138. --~ ~'= ~~=~ ^--';-' -- = --- ~'=' '~ 2 1983 .
139. --' ~~'= ~~=~ _>~(' - ^--';-' -;---' ,-' '-' -+-' -=~ --
1354 - .
140. '- ~-~ ~~=~ ,;--';-' = '~' _--' '~ '==' 1 1417 - .
141. =-' '-~ ~-~ ~~=~ ->~! ~-- V ^-,'-- ^---, ^-=,- ^---~-' '~
~~~ -' 1996
142. -~-= ~~=~ ^-----'; --' - ^--',~--'; >~(' = `'~=' '~ 3 1988 .
143. - -' _---' ,----~;--' -,-~ - ,----' = 3 ~-' -'-' -'
'~= -=~ '-`' . ~'= -~'~-= --=- ~ . _~~ -'~-= ~~=~ 1412 - .
144. --==' = ~~=~ ~--=-' ^--,-' -,-,+-' _-,'- ,- ~'=-~ _'~' '~
= --- ~-' ='-= 1 1995 .
145. '=' '-='~-= - -- ~~=~ ~-- _-- -,-' - ^-->~(' ;~--'
^--';-' = . '= -~ 1922
146. `~' '~ --~=' ~`~`' -' '-`' --'-' -=~' -'- .~' ~~=~
= --- ~-' ='-= 1 1414 - .
147. `-~' - ~~=~ ^---~-' ~'|-~ _-- -;-, = 1 1987 .
148. -~-- ~`' ~~=~ : _;, -'--' --- -' -'-' -'-=' '~ 1985 .
149. ~' J'+,-' '-~' - J'---' ~--|- ~ --=- . = '~' ~~~ ~'= '~-
1 1418 --- - .
150. ~' _-=-~ ~'-- >- >~! = 13
151. -= ~~=~ --~ '---~ -- ^---- ,-' = --' -+-' '~ 1 1970 .
152. --~' --' J;~>- -'+-' ' = 4 --- -' '~ 1395 - .
153. -'~' -'- ,';=-' - --,';-' ~--'=V' : ^~',-; -,=- ='-=' ~- .
154. ~-~' -'- -;~ J' _-,'- .-~ --' --=' -~ ~'=-' -'~-~
_-'-' .
155. _-' -'- -;~-' ,-' '-- ~~' -'` -=-'- ~'~ --'=--' -
~- _--' ~- '--' .
355
156. --- =- ~=- ^--'=-,--' _-'-;-' - ^--,-' -,-,+-' ) ,'+=-'; -+- ( '~ =
'-- '~' .
157. -'~-' ,--;,---'; '-~-' -= =' '~ 1396 -
158. -'-=' _-=- ~;-' ~'-- ~~ ~'--~`' --~ --' .-`' --=~ =- .
159. ='+' -~- ----' : ,'+=-' - ^-->~(' ,'->- -;~ J' ,---- ^~-
= -'-' -'-=` _---' ~~~ 1 1411 --- - .

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1. -~-= Washington posts
2. -~-= ) ,;--~--' .( _'=' ~-- -~~ .
3. -~-= Seattle Post Intelligence
4. -~-= -'-=-' --~-'
5. -~-= ,-' '- -~~'
6. -~-= '---' --'--' .
7. -~-= ) '-~,-- ( -~' -=-~`' .

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5. =~ ^-+--' ~- ~ -~'-' -~~'
6. =~ '--',- ` ---' .' ~~~ -'-' -'-= .
8. =~ -|-' ,'-- ----'
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1. net . ummah . www
2. com . moonsighting : http
3. net . saha . www
4. net . aljareh . www
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