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Hydraulic

SASARAN
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I. Dasar-Dasar Hidrolik
I.1 Penggunaan Cairan Dalam Sistem Hidrolik 1 I.2 Hukum Pascal I.2.1 Formulasi Pascal 3 I.2.2 Keuntungan Mekanis I.3 Orifice I.3.1 Oil Flow ke Tangki di Blok I.3.2 Type Dasar Circuit 8

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II. Komponen-Komponen Hydraulic


10 II.1 Tangki Hidrolik 10 II.1.1 Komponen Oil Tank II.1.2 Jenis Hydraulic Tank II.1.3 ISO Simbol II.1.4 Fungsi dari Hydraulic Fluid (Oil) II.1.5 Viscosity (Kekentalan) 15 II.1.6 Viscosity Index II.1.7 Petroleum Oil II.1.8 Fluida Tahan Api 16 II.1.9 Oil Life 17 16 16 10 11 13 13

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II.2 Hydraulic Pump 18 II.2.1 Positive Displacement Pump 19 II.2.1.1 Gear Pump 20 A. Gear Pump Flow B. Gear Pump Force C. Pressure Balance Plate D. Gear Pump with Pocket II.2.1.2 Vane Pumps A. Vanes B. Flex Plates C. Vane Pump Operation D. Balanced Vane Pump E. Variable Vane Pump 28 II.2.1.3 Piston Pumps A. Straight Housing Axial Piston Pump B. Radial Piston Pump 31 II. 2.2 Non-Positive Displacement Pump 34 II.2.2.1 Centrifugal Impeller Pump II.3 VALVE II.3.1 Pressure Control Valve 35 II.3.1.1 Relief Valve 36 A. Simple Relief Valve 36 34 35 28 29 21 21 22 23 24 25 25 26 27

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B. Pilot operated Relief valve, CLOSE Position 37 II.3.1.2 Sequence Valve II.3.1.3 Pressure Reducing Valve 43 II.3.1.4 Pressure Differential Valve II.3.2 Directional Control Valve II.3.2.1 Spool Valve II.3.2.2 Rotary Valve II.3.2.3 Check Valve 55 II.3.2.4 Pilot Operated Check Valve II.3.2.5 Make-up Valve II.3.2.6 Solenoid Actuated Control Control Valve 60 A. Air gap Solenoid B. Wet Armature Solenoid 60 61 67 68 68 56 59 45 48 48 54 41

III. I S O SYMBOL
III.1 Introduction III.1.1. Pandangan Umum III.1.2. Ruang Lingkup dan Tujuan 69 III.2. Aturan-aturan Symbol III.3 Konduktor, Fluid III.4 Penyimpan Energi dan Penyimpan Fluida 74 III.5 Fluid Conditioner III.6 Cylinder 76 III.7 Controls 77

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IV. Load Sensing/ Pressure Compensated


78 IV.1 Basic System (Open Center) 79 IV.1.1 Relief Valve IV.2 Pressure Compensation (Close Center System) 82 IV.3 Load Sensing (Close Center System) 86 79

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