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..

711

--

2013

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373.167.1:51
22.1721
444
20

..
20 :

, : 711 / ... /: , 2013.


222 . ( ).
ISBN 978-5-222-20892-2
.
, ().
,

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, .
, , , ,
.

ISBN 978-5-222-20892-2

373.167.1:51
22.1721

.., 2013
, , 2013

- www.phoenixbooks.ru



( )
.

, , ,
, , .

, ,

,
,
,
.
,
.

,
.
1
, 2
.
, ,
, . .

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

. ...

,


(11-
) . .
79 (5- ).

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1.

1


VIIXI
1.
1.1.
(. 1),
,
.
O ,
B
OA OB .
: AOB ab.
90
(.2).
A
. 1
, , - O
(.3).
, , ,
(.4).

. 2

. 3

. 4

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. ...


C
,
B

A
O
(.5).
D
AOC DOB; BOC
AOD .
. 5
: AOC = DOB
BOC= AOD.
,
, (.6), AOC BOC .
C

. 6

180.
,

(.7).


. 7
(.8).

(.9).

. 8

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1.
c
1 2
4 3

b
. 9

5 6
8 7

a b c ()
8 (.10):
. 10
:
1 5, 2 6, 4 8, 3 7;
:
4 6, 3 5;
:
1 7, 2 8;
:
4 5, 3 6;
:
1 8, 2 7.

1.2.
ABCDE (.11).
A, B, C, D, E ;
A, B, C, D, E ; AB, BC,
CD .. ; AC, AD,
BE, BD, CE ; P= AB + BC + + EA .
(. 11),
,
.
(.12).

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. ...
D

A
. 11

. 12

:
1. n-
180 (n 2).
2. n-,
,
360.
3. n-
(n 3) , n- (n 2) .
4. n-
1
n(n 3).
2

1.3.
,
, .
:
1. n-
180(n - 2)
an=
.
n
2. n-
, .

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1.

3. n- , .
4. , n-
, n- .
5. , n-, , n-.
6. n-, R,
180
a= 2R sin
.
n
7. n-, r,
180
a= 2r tg
.
n

1.4.
,
, ,
,
.
A, B, C DABC.
AB, BC AC , A, B C
.

(.13):
AB= c, BC= a, AC= b.
P= a + b + c .
, , (.13).
, ,
(.14).
, ,
(a b), ,
, (c).

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10

. ...
C

c
. 13

. 14


(.15).
, , (.16).
C
b

a
B

c
. 15

A
. 16

,
.
, , (.17).

. 17

60.

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2


2.
2.1.
1. , , .
.
I
CD DABC. , CE
DCBD DCD,
S
BD

= DCBD .
(1)
DA
SDCDA
C
1

, 1 = 2 (DC ),

S
CB CD
CB
DCBD =
=
.
(2)
CD CA
CA
SDCDA

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36

. ...

(1) (2),

BD
CB
=
, DA
CA

.
II
BDC = a, ADC = 180 a.
C

a
D

DBCD
BD
sin BCD
=
BC
sin a
AD
sin ACD
sin ACD
DACD
=
=
.
AC
sin (180 - a)
sin a
CD , BCD = ACD.
BD
AD
,
=
, . . .
BC
AC
III
CD
|| . 2 = 3 (
). , 1 = 2 ( ). ,
1 = 3, . . DCEA ( ) = ; DAED ~ DBCD
( , 1= 3 BDC = ADE
).

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2.

37

C
2

3
E

BD
BC
=
, AD
AC

.
2(). , D = 2, 2 , = 5 . .
.
I
D , 1 = 2 =
= 3.
DADC , . . 2 = 3
AD = DC.
= x, AD = DC = y, = x + 2,
D = x + 2 y.
, DABD ~ DABC (B
, 1 = 3).
B

D
1
A

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38

. ...


x
y

BD
AD
x+2-y
=
=
,
=
= .
x+2
5

AB
AC
x
, x y
y
x
x + 2 = 5 ,
5x = xy + 2y,

x + 2 - y = y ; 5x + 10 - 5y = xy,

5
x
, ,
10
5y 10 = 2y, 3y = 10, y =
,
3
10
20
5x =
x+
,
3
3
15x 10x = 20,
5x = 20,
x = 4.
, AB = 4 , = 6 .
: = 4 , = 6 .
II
C = a, A = 2a B = 180 3a.
AB = x, BC = x + 2,

x
5
x+2
=
=
,
sin a
sin(180 - 3a)
sin 2a
x+2
x
sin a = sin 2a ,

x = x .
sin a sin 3a

x+2
sin 2a
2
=
, 1 +
= 2 cosa.
x
sin a
x

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(1)

2.

x=

39

5 sin a
.
sin 3a

5
.
3 - 4 sin2 a
x (1),
6 - 8 sin2 a
1+
= 2 cos a,
5
5 + 6 8(1 cos 2a) = 10 cos a,
8 cos2 a 10 cos a + 3 = 0.
cos a,
3
1
cos a = , cos a = .
4
2
3
cos a = , , (1), x = 4.
4
1
2
cos a = , 1 +
= 1, 2
x
.
, AB = 4 , BC = x + 2 = 6 ().
sin 3a = 3 sin a 4 sin3 a, x =

1
, a = 60, C = 60,
2
A = 120, .
. cos a =

: AB = 4 , BC = 6 .
III
( . II)
2
2
2

1 +
= 2 cos a, 1 + = 4 cos2 a,
x
x

2
2
1 + = 4(1 sin a) = 4 4 sin a.
x

5
5
, x =
, 4 sin2 a = 3 .
3 - 4 sin2 a
x

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40

. ...
2

2
5

, 1 + = 4 3 - ,
x
x

2
5

1+ = 1 + .
x
x

1
= t, t > 0, (1 + 2t)2 = 1 + 5t, 4t2 t = 0,
x

1
, . . x = 4 . .
4
: AB = 4 , BC = 6 .

t=

3. DABC C = 120, .
1
1
1
,
=
+
.

.
I
BD || CK. , DBCD . DACK
DADB
BD
AD
AC + DC
CD

=
=
=1+
.
(1)
CK
AC
AC
AC
D

(1) D = CD = BC,
.

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2.

41

II
SDABC = SDACK + SDBCK,
1
1
BC sin 120 = AC CK sin 60 +
2
2
1
+ CK BC sin 60,
2
sin 120 = sin (180 60) = sin 60,
AC BC = AC CK + CK BC.
(2)
(2) AC BC CK 0,
1
1
1
=
+
, ...

4. ,
15 .
.
I
A
N
C

15
M

AC = b, BC = a, AB = c.
AM , BAM = 15,
AMC= MAB + MBA = 30 ( DAMB);
AM = 2AC = 2b ( ,
30). , MB = 2b.
MN AB, DMNB ~ DACB
c
MB
NB
2b
1
=
,
=
, ab = c2,
2a
AB
BC
c
4
1
1
SDACB = ab, SDACB = c2, 2
8
.

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222

. ...

1.30. ........................................... 31
1.31. . ........... 33
1.32. . ..... 34

2. ........ 35
2. .................................................. 35
2.1. ..................................................35
2.2. ........................................ 156

3. ..............194
1............................................................... 194
2............................................................... 198
3.1. .......................... 198
3.2. .......................... 200
3.3. ............................ 201
3.4. ............. 203
3.5. ............................................ 206
3.6. ...................................................... 208
3.7. ............................................... 209

................................................................ 217
.......................................................... 220

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