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: 5071900 ,

: -09-05

: 093094____________________________________
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2013
1


....3
1 WiMAX ( IEEE 802.16)....................5
1.1 .............5
1.2 OFDM......6
1.3 ....7
1.4 ........8
1.5 ..8
1.6 WiMAX ....9
1.7 .9
1.8 .10
1.9 WiMAX...12
2 ..13
3 ....14
3.1 FibeAir 1500HP ODU16
3.2 FA1500P, 1500SP, 1500HP, IP-MAX
..23
3.3 FibeAir 1500HP....26
..........28
.29


:
, , .
WiMAX
(Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access), IEEE 802.16.
.
, ,
, . ,
.
. .
,
.
.
.
.
, Wi-Fi WiMAX .
1998

(National Wireless Electronics Systems Testbed of the
U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology)
, 802 IEEE
802.16. 1999 .
: 1066 ( 802.16.1), 2-11 (802.16.3),
,
(802.16.2).
2001 IEEE 802.16 Air Interface for Fixed Broadband
Wireless Access Systems (
) 8 2002
3

.
10-66
. 10 2001 IEEE 802.16.2 Coexistence of
Fixed Broadband Wireless Access Systems (
).
802.16 Medium
Access Control Modifications and Additional Physical Layer Specifications for 2-11
GHz (
2-11 ),
2-11 , 29 2003 , 1
. 1 802.16
IEEE 802.[1].

1 802.16 IEEE 802

1 WiMAX ( IEEE 802.16)


WiMAX (. Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access)
,

(
). IEEE 802.16,
WirelessMAN. WiMAX WiMAX
Forum, 2001 c
.
IEEE 802.16 IEEE 802.16-2004
. 1 [1].
1 - IEEE 802.16 IEEE 802.16-2004

1.1
IEEE 802.16-2004
: (SC),
(OFDM)
(OFDMA).
WirelessMAN-OFDM
.
OFDM, ,
,
. ,
(mesh),
,
.
5

1.2 OFDM
OFDM-
,
.
. ,
(BPSK),
(QPSK) (QAM)
16 64.
. 1.

().
()
.

1

, , .
,
. . 2,

.
[2].

2
6

OFDM
. ,
, ,
(. 3), .
-
.
, OFDM-
, .
,
( ,
,
). ,

(. 4) [2].

4 OFDM-
1.3


.
. IEEE 802.16-2004
,
.
-.
7

.
.
,
,
.
1.4

.
1,25 20
, .
, - ,
,
.
, / (S/N)
, (. 5)
[1].

5
/


.
1.5
IEEE 802.16-2004
(TDMA),
,
, .

: (TDD)
(FDD).

1.6 WiMAX

.
,
,
, ,
, .

, ,
, , .

,
MAC WiMAX. ,
IEEE 802.16-2004, Fijitsu, Intel,
Sequans Communications, Wavesat PicoChip.
OFDM 256
,
,
-.
WiMAX .

, . MAC-
.
,
MAC-. , WiMAX
MAC-.
1.7

WiMAX

:
Fujitsu, Intel, Sequans Wavesat.
Intel
PRO/Wireless 5116 WiMAX,
, MAC . MB87M3400
Fujitsu
, .
Sequans SQN1010 SQN2010
.
Fujitsu, Intel Sequans
MAC- WiMAX.
Wavesat, : OFDM DM256 ( ) MC336 (
, MAC-).
9

Fujitsu, Intel
Sequans .
, ,
, .
Fujitsu MB87M3400
. Sequans SQN1010
, .
Wavesat DM256/MC336
OFDM-
DM256.
Fujitsu Sequans
20 28 ,
Intel Wavesat 10 3,5
7 .

/ .
. 2
WiMAX [6].
2
WiMAX

1.8
WiMAX
. Fujitsu MB87M3400 ,
. , Intel, Fujitsu
.
,
MAC-,
( )
MAC-. Fujitsu
, ,
10

Freescale MPC8560, ,
MAC-.
PicoChip PC102/PC8520,
PC102.
, MAC PC102. Fujitsu, PicoChip
Freescale MPC8565 MAC-
. Fujitsu, PicoChip
MAC. PC102/PC8520 , .
SQN2010 Sequans
, . SQN2010
MAC ,
. SQN2010 SQN1010
,
MAC-. SQN1010 PCI
.
DM256/MC336 Wavesat
.
, , .
Fujitsu, Wavesat
MAC-, .
PicoChip PC102
/. ,
, /.

. 3 [6].
3
WiMAX

11

WiMAX
.

.

WiMAX,
.
1.9 WiMAX
, WiMAX,
[7]:
.
.
.
.
,
,
.
,
WiMAX [7]:

,
,
.
, ,
,
.
,
,
.
,
,
.
,
, 180, .
.

, .
,
.

12

2

,
.
WiMAX
, ,
.

(. 6)
; , , ,

.
-
, ,
, ,
.
(. 6)
,

.
,

, ( 10BASE-T
Ethernet) ,
. ,
15 254 ,
-

13

6 WiMAX

.
, (mesh) (. 6).
WiMAX ,
, ,
.

.
,
- -.

3
WiMAX-
,
, (Ceragon Networks,
Alvarion Ltd, Aperto Networks, Redline Communications, Proxim Corporation, WiLAN Inc .) pre-WiMAX- .
Ceragon Networks
FibeAir 1500
:

14

1500P - SDH,
;
1500HP - SDH,
( ,
1500P). HP -
, :1. 1+0
;2. 1+1
, ;
1500 (3200) -
9+1;
1500 (640) - super-PDH ( 641).
1500P, 1500HP (.., ,
).
CeragonNetworks
FibeAir 1500HP.
4 FibeAir 1500HP

SDH

STM-1 - STM-4 Ethernet


HP ( 32 ) *
- (Split mount)
(All indoor) *
-50 +60 *
(Software defined radio) * 2

(HSB)

: 1+0; 1+1, 2+0, N+1 *


- *

(CCDP)

(XPIC)
*
- (SM, MM); FastEthernet,
GigabitEthernet
15

6-11 * 16 QAM-256
QAM * +32

-2008
CERAGON NETWORKS ()

3.1 FibeAir 1500HP ODU


FabeAir 1500HP
FA 1500P/IP-MAX/1500E/1500T.

19 .

(co-channel dual polarization (CCDP)),
(cross polarization interference canceller (XPIC)),
2STM-1 28
. 4STM-1 56 , XPIC.
XPIC . 2.6.
FA1500HP 6 - 11
45 155 / TDM (SDH, PDH)
Ethernet ( 81).
XPIC,

.
FA1500HP - 2+2 ( XPIC), 4+4 (c XPIC).
, FA1500HP
- , :
1+0 (1+0 );
1+1
,

;
IF Combining (IFC),
, ,
.
, ..
.
16

IFC 1+0 1+1 IFC . 2.7. FabeAir 1500HP

(.
.
2.5):
(RFU - Radio Frequency Unit),
( -
). (
), ,

OCB.
.

2.5;
(OCB - Outdoor Circ Block),
- (
). OCB :
( ) -
( ). . . 2.6.
FA1500HP
, ,

:
U- (U Bend WG Kit)
RFU 2+0 1+1 FD (FD - Frequency Diversity,
).

, (OBN - Outdoor
Branching
Network).
.
.
2.7;
(Coupler Kit) HSB
(
)
/
;
(Pole Mount Kit)

;
(Short) 50 (Terminator 50 Ohm)
;
(Flex WG) .

17

8 OCB

18

FA1500HP

9 FA1500HP

FA1500HP

4+4

1500HP 1500P/HP/IPMAX
4+4

-
.

OBN - Outdoor Branching Network ( ), ..
U- (U Bend WG Kit)
RFU ,
.

10 FA1500HP 4+4

19

:
F, f - ;
OCB Type 1 OCB Type 2 - OCB.
OCB - . OCB Type 1 2 -
(,
1+0 1+1 SD BBS 1, 1+1
HSB/SD 2, 1+1 FD/FD+SD
1 2).

11 OCB Type 1 OCB Type 2


Coupler Type 1 -
1+1, 2+2;
Coupler Type 2 -
4+4;
15HP-SHORT-C, 15HP-TERM-C, 15HP-Ubend-C -
(: 15HP-Ubend-112 CPR112).
5 FA1500HP

, 6L
6H
7
8

ETSI/FCC ETSI/FCC ETSI


ETSI
5.925
- 6.425 - 7.1 7.1 - 7.9 7.7 - 8.5
,
6.425
CPR137
CPR137
CPR112 CPR112

20

11
ETSI/FCC
10.7 - 11.7
CPR90

240,
()
252.04,
260,266,
300

340,
170

160, 154,
161,
168,
182,
196,
245,
300

()

10,
28, 10,
28, 28,
29.65, 30
29.65, 40
29.65

(dBm),STM-1,
64 QAMSTM-1,
128 QAM

(dBm),

10-6,STM-1,
128 QAM

30 29

119,
208,
252.02,
266,
300,
310,
311.32,
310
28,
29.65,
40

490,520

10/28/30/40

28
27

-69

32/64/128/256 QAM
1+0 / , 2+0, 4+0;
1+1;2+2;
,
, XPIC
490 ; 144 ; 280 ;
17
1+0 80 ; 1+1 130 ;
-50 ..+55
100% ( )
100 RG-223, 300 Belden 9914/RG-8
.

21

6 FA1500HP

, dBm
,
6 - 8
11
()
QPSK
30
26
30
16QAM
26
32QAM
30
26
64QAM
30
26
128QAM
29
26
256QAM
28
25

7 FA1500HP



6 - 11
()

(BER 106),dBm
367Mbps
256QAM
56 MHz
50
-61,5
311Mbps
256QAM
50MHz
42,5
-62
311Mbps
128QAM
56 MHz
48,5
-66
200Mbps
256QAM
30 MHz
28
-64
200Mbps
32QAM
50/56 MHz
44
-73
155Mbps
128QAM
28 MHz
24,2
-69
155Mbps
64QAM
40 MHz
34
-71
155Mbps
32QAM
40 MHz
28,5
-74
155Mbps
16QAM
50/56 MHz
42,35
-76
137Mbps
64QAM
28 MHz
25
-72
116Mbps
32QAM
28 MHz
26
-75
69Mbps
64QAM
14 MHz
13
-75
69Mbps
16QAM
28 MHz
19
-80
57Mbps
32QAM
14 MHz
13,5
-78
45Mbps
64QAM
10 MHz
9
-77
45Mbps
QPSK
40 MHz
26
-85
41Mbps
QPSK
28 MHz
24,5
-85

22

8 FA1500HP
()

6L
WR137
CPR137F
6U
WR137
CPR137F
7
WR112
CPR112F
8
WR112
CPR112F
11
WR90
CPR90G

3.2 FA1500P, 1500SP, 1500HP, IP-MAX



, (IDU), .

. (
IDC) ( IDM).
.

12 FA1500P, 1500SP, 1500HP, IP-MAX



FA1500P, 1500SP, 1500HP, IP-MAX.

23

13 FA1500P, 1500SP, 1500HP,


IP-MAX
IDC
IDC
:
2 () (wayside channels) 2
/. Ethernet 10 Base-T E1 (G.703);
(Terminal) - RS-232;
(Serial/UC) -
SLIP/PPP;
Ethernet (Management) - Ethernet
/ (DCCr
(192 /) proprietary (64 /));
(Protection) - 100%
(.., IDC).
IDU IDC IDM;
(Engineering order wire, EOW): 64 /,
G.711;
24

2 (user channels):
- 2.11 (9,6 /);
- 2RS-232 (9,6 /);
- 1.11 (9,6 /) ^RS-232 ( 9,6 /);
- 1.11 (64 /);
- 1.11 (64 /);
/ (External alarms): 5 3
( ).

IDM
, FA1500P,
1500SP, 1500HP, IP-MAX : SDH (STM-1)
Ethernet (Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet
81).
IP-MAX.
SDH:
STM-1: (SM MM) CMI;
2xSTM-1: (SM MM) CMI;
Ethernet
81 (IP-MAX):
Fast Ethernet 50 /;
Fast Ethernet + 81 ( 41 57 /);
Fast Ethernet 100 /;
Fast Ethernet + 81 ( 116 /);
2Fast Ethernet ( 155 /);
2Fast Ethernet +81 ( 155 /);
2Fast Ethernet ( 200 /);
2Fast Ethernet +81 ( 200 /);
Gigabit Ethernet ./. ( 155
/);
Gigabit Ethernet ./. + 81( 155
/);
Gigabit Ethernet ./. ( 311
25

/);
Gigabit Ethernet ./. + 81( 311
/);
Gigabit Ethernet ./. ( 367
/);
Gigabit Ethernet ./. + 81( 367
/).
9
.
9

367 /, 256QAM
311 /, 128QAM
311 /, 256QAM
200 /, 32QAM
200 /, 256QAM
155 /, 128QAM
155 /, 16QAM
116 /, 32QAM
57 /, 32QAM
41 /, QPSK

()
56
56
50
50/56 (FCC/ETSI)
30
28
50/56 (FCC/ETSI)
28
14
28

IP-MAX Ethernet
Native Ethernet -
Ethernet SDH PDH.

(latency < 0.15 Gigabit Ethernet 400 /),
VoIP .

3.3 FibeAir 1500HP


FibeAir 1500HP
,
,
26

FibeAir 1500HP.

3.1, 3.2
, FibeAir 1500HP.
3.1 6 - 18
, dBi
6
7/8 11
13
15
0,3 (1 Ft.)
----29,2
0,6 (2 Ft.)
-30,1
--35,5
0,9 (3 Ft.)
---37,8
1,2/1,8 (4/6 Ft.) 39,3
36,4
/ 40,5
/ 40,5
/ 41,5 /
40.2
43,6
43,6
45
2,4 (8 Ft.)
41,9
42,9
---3 (10 Ft.)
43,3
44,8
---3,7 (12 Ft.)
45,2
46,3
---4,6 (15 Ft.)
46,9
48,2
--- 3.2

()

6-7
WR137
CPR137G
7-8
WR112
CPR112G
11
WR90
CPR90G
13
WR62
UG-541A/U
15
WR62
UG-541A/U
18
WR42
UG-596A/U
23
WR42
UG-596A/U
26
WR42
UG-596A/U
28
WR28
UG-600A/U
38
WR28
UG-600A/U

27

CPR137F
CPR112F
CPR90G
UG-419/U
UG-419/U
UG-595/U
UG-595/U
UG-595/U
UG-599/U
UG-599/U

18
33,5
38,5
42
44,5 /
48
-----


Mobile WiMAX

.
, ,
,
.
WiMAX

, WiMAX
.
WiMAX
DSL ,
.

28


1.

., ., . WiMAX.

4G. "" 2009 .


2.

. : IEEE 802.16

3.

..

..

..

..

. ,
2005.
4.

WiMAX Forum http://www.wimaxforum.org/.

29