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EDGE

Date:

26.06.04

Issued by
Information and Communication Mobile
Copyright Siemens AG 2005

SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT

All Rights Reserved.

EDGE

Siemens AG

1. ..................................................................................................................................................................3
EDGE? ........................................................................................................................................................3
1.2 ................................................3
1.3. EDGE Siemens.............................................4
2. EDGE? ..................................................................................................................................................6
2.1. ...............................................................................................................................6
2.3 EGPRS...................................................................................................................7
2.3 - EDGE...............................................................................................8
3. EDGE ....................................................................................10
3.1 1: GPRS .................................................................................................................10
3.2 2: GPRS EDGE (EGPRS) / UMTS.......................................................................11
4. GSM.............................................................................................14
4.1 ?...........................................................................................14
4.2. (BSS) ...................................................................................14
4.2.1. (BSC) .............................................................................................14
4.2.2. - (BTS)............................................................................15
4.2.3. EDGE...............................................................................................................16
4.2.4. ............................................................................................17
4.2.5. Flexible Abis allocation Strategy ( Abis
) ......................................................................................................................................................17
4.2.6. ..................................................................18
4.3. (SSS GPRS) ...........................................................................................19
5. ................................................................................................................................20
6. ..................................................................................................................................................................22
7. SIEMENS EDGE..............................................................23
8. .......................................................................................................................................24

2-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

1.
EDGE?
GSM
GPRS (
). , ,
,
(QOS), GPRS .
GPRS EGPRS . EGPRS
,
.
EDGE (
GSM) -,
(8PSK). EDGE
GSM
,
GSM
- / . ,
EDGE ,
UMTS. , ,
UMTS ,
EDGE UMTS

.
/
GSM/EDGE UMTS. DAMPS (
) EDGE
(EDGE Wideband-TDMA
( )
, IMT 2000 (
-2000).
1.2
EDGE (QOS)
:

;

QOS;

(ARQ) ( ,
)
EDGE
,
EDGE ,
:
;

3-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

GSM/EDGE
();
,

, GPRS,
, 400 /;
GSM ,
, , ;
UMTS -
;
GERAN;
, ;
;
(, );
,
;


;
, .
EDGE :

UMTS (
GSM ,
);

UMTS GSM,
UMTS;
TDMA
(GSM DAMPS/IS136),
.
- , IP,
IP , VoIP ( EDGE).
1.3. EDGE Siemens
( 384/)
;
850 /900 / 1800 / 1900

EDGE;

GSM/GPRS

EDGE BTSplus
(BS240/241, BS40/41, BS240XL, BS240XS, BS82 II)

EDGE (ECU) .
, ECU , GSM-CU,
.

4-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

(BSC)
HC BSC ( BSC BR6.0)
.
, GPRS/EGPRS.
: EDGE +
EDGE

EDGE Siemens
- (BTS)

EDGE Siemens:
EDGE
( GSM
)

1: EDGE

5-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

2. EDGE?
2.1.
GSM EDGE
,
-. , EDGE

GSM, ,
, 200 (
).
GSM
(GMSK), 22.8
/ (TS) -. ,
EDGE :

, (8PSK)
,
59,2 / -.

EDGE

GSM

8-PSK, 3/

GMSK, 1/

270.833 ksps

270.833 ksps

348

114

59.2 /

22.8 /

1: EDGE/GSM
,
. GMSK (. . 2),
8PSK (. 3). ,
200 (
GSM ) .
, EDGE
GMSK.

2:
3:
(GMSK)

6-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

(8PSK)

2.3 EGPRS
GPRS (EGPRS)
(8-PSK) -
474 / ( (8 ) ). EGPRS
GPRS,
GPRS EGPRS ().
EGPRS , GPRS,
EGPRS .
GPRS 21.4 / (CS4), EGPRS
59.2 / (MCS9) -. ,
EDGE
GPRS, , () ,
, , , ,
- MP3.
. 4,
-. EGPRS
.
2
.
EGPRS

EGPRS

384 / (48 /.
)

384 kbps (48 /.


)

144 kbps (18 /.


)

10 /

100 /

250 /

, TU3

TU50
HT100

900 : RA250
1800/1900 z: RA130,
HT100

2: EGPRS

EGPRS
GPRS :

7-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

EGPRS
. = 59,2 /
8PSK

. = 21,4 /

GPRS

GMSK

4: 8PSK GMSK .
2.3 - EDGE
EDGE ,
EGPRS, ECSD, (HS)CSD, GPRS GSM ( FR,
HR, AMR).

().
EDGE GSM
, ,
EDGE (ECU). ECU
EDGE (EGPRS, ECSD) -EDGE
(, GSM, AMR, HSCSD,
GPRS) . , EDGE-
-EDGE , .e. EGPRS GPRS
() .

8-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

0
TRX GSM
TRX GSM
TRX EDGE

TIMESLOTS
2 3 4 5

GSM/CSD channels
GSM channels

GPRS
channels

GSM channels

GPRS/EGPRS
channels

5: EDGE

9-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

3. EDGE
EDGE:
EDGE
GSM/GPRS;
EDGE WCDMA : SIEMENS
EDGE WCDMA
;
;
GPRS (
EGPRS) HSCSD;

(AMR-wideband codecs).
, ,
;
GERAN
UMTS/GSM;
GSM .
GPRS, ..

.
, ,
, GPRS EGPRS/UMTS. EDGE

.
3.1 1: GPRS
GPRS :
-
.
.
-
, .
-
.
- BSS

( ).
- ,
.
- (, , X.25).
- , .
:

10-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

- 170 / (8
CS-4);
- ( ),
;
- , .e. GPRS
.
- IP;
-
plug and play ( );
- , ,
( A
, );
- IP (, , , ..)
;
- ;
GPRS ,
.
( ,
Intranet). , GPRS
(, , ,
..)
GPRS
.
, , ,
, .

.
3.2 2: GPRS EDGE (EGPRS) / UMTS
GPRS
- . GPRS EDGE EGPRS

. EDGE
:
, UMTS,

.
GSM GPRS
.
, UMTS, EDGE
. EDGE

.
,

.
EGPRS
GPRS, .

11-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

GPRS 21.4/ (CS4)


,
EGPRS 59.2 / (MCS9) . EDGE
GPRS, () . EDGE
,
MP3.
, EDGE
.
GSM, UMTS
:
GSM, UMTS, GSM
. UMTS .
UMTS EDGE :
EDGE
UMTS
.
. , ,
UMTS,
.
. GSM 900 , EDGE
. EDGE
()
.

EDGE UMTS. ,
GSM
.
(, Northstream: EDGE
PA consulting), .
handover ( ) GSM UMTS
,
GPRS/EGPRS UMTS.
GSM, UMTS
GSM, ,
GERAN

GSM.
EDGE/UMTS:

12-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

() ()

EDGE

EDGE

UMTS FDD

EDGE


()

1:
UMTS

EDGE

UMTS TDD

GSM

6: EDGE

13-25

2:

EDGE

EDGE

Siemens AG

4. GSM
4.1 ?
.
IP,
.
.
.
: (
) ,
. , ,
.

. ,
,
. - ,
.
, ,
.

.
.
.
4.2. (BSS)
4.2.1. (BSC)
, SMG, GPRS/EGPRS
BSC SGSN/GGSN.
SIEMENS
(PCU) BSC. PPXX
BSC GPRS EGPRS.

14-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

BSC (High Capacity )


.

P P XX

PP XX

.
.
.
E P WR

P P XX

P P XX

P P XX

QTLP
QTLP

QTLP

QTLP

8
QTLP

E P WR

P P XX

QTLP

QTLP

QTL P

.
5

80

FUSE & ALARM


PANEL

.
P WR

PLLH

P P XX

QTLP

P P XX

QTLP

QTLP

PLLH

P WR

.
.
.

0 1

1 1 1

IX LT

U BEX
SNAP

0 0

T D PC
MEMT

M P CC
M P CC

MEMT

T D PC
SNAP

U BEX
IX LT
DK40

.
.


3200

2 P PXX LAPD & SS7


248 LAPD + CCS 7 (8 CCS7 m ax.)

.
0

: SNAP, PPXX

.
.
.
.

PCM
9+2 QTLP
72 PCM
PCM S, PCMB PCMG
/

6 PPXX GPR S
256 P DTCH/PPXX => 1536 PDTCH
24 Mb/s
EXTE RNAL ALARM
5 alarm sensor s

Siemens, 2003

PPXU
24 / .
PDTCH: PDTCH n

PPXX
+ n < 6, PPXU,
PPXX, , .
+ n=6, PPXU,
PPXU, 20
/.
LAPD CCS7:
2 PPXX
+ , PPXX
.
4.2.2. - (BTS)
BTS+ (BS24x BS4X)
, EDGE (ECU).
60 / -. ECU
: 8 PSK GMSK.
GSM BTS1 BTS+ GPRS.
EDGE
BTS+:
BS 4X

15-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

BS 24X
Emicro2
ECU :
EDGE CU 8PSK,
GMSK.
: SIEMENS
!
BS240/241 BS40/41, BS240XL, BS240XS
GMSK 8-PSK;
EDGE-CU , GSM-CU.
.
8 (IR) CU
(1 512 RLC ).
EVM (Error Vector Magnitude)
, , ,
.
4.2.3. EDGE
(MCS) : A, B C.
MCS,
, ,
. MCS
PCU.
3, ,
PCU ,
() - Abis .
, Abis
(Flexible Abis allocation Strategy) PCU
(Concatenated PCU frames), Abis .
(Link Adaptation).

PCU Sub TS
FRAMES

ABIS

RLC
20

MSC-9

1.00

80

59.2

MSC-8

0.92

80

54.4

MSC-7

0.76

64

44.8

MSC-6

0.49

48

29.6 / 27.2

MSC-5

0.37

32

22.4

MSC-4

1.00

32

17.6

MSC-3

0.80

32

14.8 / 13.6

16-25

8 PSK

GMSK

EDGE

Siemens AG
PCU Sub TS
FRAMES

ABIS

RLC
20

MSC-2

0.66

32

11.2

MSC-1

0.53

16

8.8

3: EDGE
4.2.4.
EDGE : / (SIR)
/ (C/I),
:
Link Adaptation ( )

MCS.
. ,
, Link Adaptation ( ).
: Flexible
Abis allocation Strategy ( Abis)
Concatenated PCU frames ( PCU).
Incremental Redundancy ( ).

1 (PS1) (puncturing scheme 1).
BTS ( )
( ),
.

.
,
,
.
PS1
1

PS2

7: EDGE

4.2.5. Flexible Abis allocation Strategy ( Abis


)
Abis

17-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

() Abis
() (O&M),
BSC BTSM O&M
.
.
Abis
Abis Abis ,
BTS.
Abis (,
16/,....80/) -
.
Abis
ACTIVATE / MODIFY ABIS CHANNEL
(/ Abis ) . Abis
BTS ,
. -
, , (1 * 16 /)
(2*16 /), BSC .
Abis .
Abis ,
. , ,
Abis
Abis BSC BTS.
CS 1 CS 2, GSM
GPRS, Abis -.
GPRS CS 3 CS 4
Abis ( 16 /) -.
, - CS3 15.6 /, CS 4 - 21.4 /.
EGPRS, 59.2 / , 5 Abis
-. BSS Siemens,
Abis , Abis
.
(Link Adaption),
-
-. Abis
Abis
-.
GPRS/EGPRS ,
, PDCH
PCU TBF,
PDCH. ,
PDCH MCS9, TBF PDCH
5 Abis , Abis .
Abis ( PCU)
() .
4.2.6.
ARQ I:

18-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

RLC
(.e. , , ). ,
, .
ARQ II:
, ,
,
, .
(ARQ)
EGPRS.
,
.
SIEMENS EDGE CU
8 , .
4.3. (SSS GPRS)

HLR

MSC/VLR

MSC

BTS
BSC
BTS
BSS Base Station Subsystem
SGN GPRS Support Node
HLR Home Location Register
PCU (PPXU) Packet Control
Unit
SM-SC Short Message Service
Centre
VLR Visitor Location Register

PCU

SM-SC


SGSN

BTS

GGSN

PSTN
ISDN

Internet
Internet
PSPDN

BTS

8: EDGE/EGPRS


( GSN):
GPRS (GGSN), MSC;
GPRS (SGSN), MSC.
GPRS (EGPRS) Siemens ,
Siemens.
HLR GPRS
.

19-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

5.
EDGE EGPRS
, , , ,
. ,
EDGE

, ,
UMTS.
, GSM EDGE
. ,
, EDGE
. , ,
, UMTS
,
EDGE.
,
UMTS GSM EDGE. ,
EDGE IS-136.
, EDGE
TDMA (GSM D-AMPS) , ,
, TDMA GSM EDGE.
UMTS GSM/EDGE,
GSM/EDGE .
,
GPRS.
,
, , (
) 8PSK ,
GMSK .
.
( ) 8PSK GMSK ,
, .
EGPRS

MCS-9
MCS-8
MCS-7
MCS-6
MCS-5
MCS-4
MCS-3
MCS-2
MCS-1

8PSK

GMSK

59.2
54.4
44.8
29.6
22.4
17.6
14.8
11.2
8.8

4
2
4
4
4

4: EDGE

, GSM. ,
WAP.

20-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

.
GSM/GPRS, EDGE
, . ,
, ,
.
/ ,
. , ,
, .
,
, .
. ,
, 2
PSK .

,
, ( )
.

.

21-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

6.
, , UMTS,

.
GSM GPRS.
, , UMTS,
EDGE .
EDGE ,
,
.
,
.
, EDGE,
EDGE/UMTS.
, EDGE,
,
. ,
EDGE
.
EDGE (GERAN) UTRAN,
IP.

,
. GPRS
, EGPRS
. EGPRS
GPRS,
EDGE 474/ (8
MCS 9). GPRS EGPRS
GMSK EDGE
BTS.

22-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

7. SIEMENS EDGE
EDGE .
BR 6.0. EDGE (ECU).
EDGE ECU BR7.0. BR 8.0

.
EDGE EGPRS:
BR 6.0:
EDGE
BR 7.0

EDGE
GPRS

Abis


MS/Gb
() GPRS EGPRS
()

BR 8.0


(QoS)

23-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

8.
8PSK

8 Phase Shift Keying (modulation)

ARQ

Automatic Repeat Request

BSC

Base Station Controller

BTS

Base Transceiver Station

C/I

Carrier to Interference Ratio

CS

Circuit Switched

ECU

EDGE Carrier Unit

EDGE

EDGE

Enhanced Data Rates for GSM

Evolution

GSM

EGPRS

Enhanced GPRS

GPRS

FDD

Frequency Division Duplex

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

GERAN

GSM/EDGE Radio Access Network

GSM/EDGE

GGSN

Gateway GPRS Support Node

GPRS

GMSK

Gaussian Minimum
(modulation)

GPRS

General Packet Radio Service

GSM

Groupe
Spciale
System Mobile

HW

Hardware

LA

Link Adaptation

MS

Mobile Station

PCU

Packet Control Unit

PDA

Personal Digital Assistant

PS

Packet Switched

QoS

Quality of Service

SGSN

Serving GPRS Support Node

GPRS

SIR

Signal to Interference Ratio

SW

Software

TDD

Time Division Duplex

TS

Timeslot

Shift

Keying

()

Mobile/Global

24-25

EDGE

Siemens AG

UMTS

Universal Mobile Telecommunications


System

VoIP

Voice Over IP

IP

25-25