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ribMdrnwQ tYgor
jwx-pihcwx/BUimkw

smwj dI bxqr Aqy iksy skSIAq dy mn dy ivgws ivc guVy irSqy huMdy hn[jdoN jIvx kxI AwpxI inrMkuS sv`Sqw nwl ies srIrk mMfx ivc auqrdI hY qW aus kxI dI prvwz dy prW nUM inscq krx leI smyN dy sQUlk sMprk AwpxI Swp C`fdy hn[ ribMdrnwQ tYgor dI ies DrqI qy Awmd dy smyN v`l jy nzr su`tI jwvy qW ieh Ajyhw smW sI, jdoN Su`D BwrqI s`iBAwcwrk drSn dw sgl vrqwrw, jo ik smyN dI qor Aqy lMbI qy icMqn dI iK`coqwx sdkw AwpxW Aks DuMdlw kr

cu`ikAw sI, dw twkrw, p`Cm dy dwrSink AiBAwsW, jo ik auQoN dI rwjnIqI nwl sPr krdy-2 ieQy phuMc ky is`Dy qor qy BwrqI siBAcwr ivc ih`l-ju`l mcw rhy sn, nwl ho irhw sI[ BwrqI s`iBAwcwr, icMqn Aqy ArQ-ivvsQw ie`k bdlwv ivcoN inkl rhy sn[ieh smW do s`iBAwqwvW dI AwpsI tu`t-B`j Aqy sWJ dw smW dI, ies qxW ivc swih`qk Aqy icMqk mnW dIAW nvIAW idSwvW bx rhIAW sn[ies vrqwry ivc ribMdrnwQ tYgor dw jnm bMgwl dy ie`k nPIs bRwhmx Grwxy, ij`Qy klw, igAwn, icMqn, swieMs, Drm qy smwj dI AgvweI Aqy suDwr dIAW pYVW peIAW, ijQy Gr dI nPwsq shulq sI, ivc hoieAw[bcpn ivc AwpnUM ieSrq nhIN sI blik qYrwkI, mwrSl Awrts,

ijmnwsitk, kuSqI, icqrklw,Bgol Aqy ieqhws, swihq, gixq, srIrk FWcw ivigAwn, sMsikRq Aqy AMgRyzI dy sbk id`qy dw irSqw pihlI aumry hI bx igAw sI[ Aqy ies gey[klm Aqy tYgor vrosweI hoeI AwqmW

ny pRwpqIAW dw sPr ArMiBAw, ijnHW nUM smkwlI Aqy Awaux vwly smyN dIAW v`fIAW skSIAqW ny pihcwx ky AwpxIAW Aihm ilKqW ivc iehnW nUM ivcwirAw[ tYgor, Bwrq dy Awrt, swih`q Aqy AiDAwqimk mMfl dy nwiekqwvW ivc ie`k ivSyS Aqy au`cw sQwn r`Kdy hn[pRo: pUrn isMG, jo ik tYgor dy smkwlI vI hn,ilKdy hn auh(ribMdrnwQ tYgor) SuD rUp dI klw, kivqw, sMgIq qy nwtk dIAW mudRwvW nwl aq-proq hY*1[Awpdy tYgro bwry iKAwlW ivc kuJ Alg qrW dy ivcwr vI hn pr

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Awp tYgor nUM AKrI ihMdU jInIAs vI kihMdy ho[issr ky. mjUmdwr vI Awp bwry kihMdy hn Rabindernath is the personification of supreme intellect, his name being synonymous with genius Rabindernath is indias greatest modern poet and the most brilliant creative genius produced by the Indian Renaissance*2[rwDwikRSnn ilKdy hn We do not know whether it is

Rabindranath's own heart or the heart of India that is beating here.Aqy In his Sadhana and other works, Rabindranath, by his power of imagination, has breathed life into the dry bones of the ancient philosophy of India and made it live.*3 ies qrW ieh dyKx nUM imldw hY ik tYgor ny ApxI kmweI nwl Apxy Awly-duAwly Aijhw mwhOl isrj id`qw, ik auh ApxIAW ilKqw qoN v`D ky kuJ hY, ausnUM Aqy BwrqI prMprw nUM iek`iTAW hI dyiKAw jWx l`gw[SRI AruibMdU Awp nUM a delicate and subtle craftman kihMdy ho, ijs ny Awpxw kMm perfect grace and spiritual fineness nwl isry cwiVAw[tYgor dy ivAkiqqv ny BwrqI icMqn Aqy klw dI AnuBvI kmweI nUM ivSv ivAwpI bxwauxw cwihAw, ies Aihm nukqy hyT Awpny lgBg swrI duinAw dI Xwqrw kIqI Aqy smyN dI au`cI pRiqBw nwl sMvwd kIqw[Awpny pyitNg, swih`q, sNgIq, isiKAw ivDI Aqy drSn ivc nvyN qzrby kIqy, ijs ivc BwrqI AiDAwqimk prMmprw Aqy lok Dwrw dI sv`Sqw au`pr numwieAw zor Aqy iDAwn id`qw[ijs ivc rwStrIvwd Aqy mW bolI dw ipAwr ny iek`Ty sPr kIqw, ies qzrby pRqI ^ws iS`dq hox krky hI Awmr Sonwr bWglw Aqy jn-gn-mn bMglwdyS Aqy Bwrq dy rwStrI gIq, tYgor dI klm dI hI dyx hn[bMgwl dw ieMnI ihl-jul ivcoN inkl ky vI Awpxy DrqI dy rMg, mW bolI nwl ie`k zor nwl juVHy rihx ip`Cy auQy dyvI dw lok Dwrw ivc ivdmwn hoxw Aqy tYgor dI Gwlxw dI Aihm BUimkw hY[Awpdy ivAkiqqv ny smkwlI smyN dI Awrt, icMqn, AiDAwqimkq, swih`q, AwriQk, rwjnIqk auQl-puQl Aqy iK`co-qwx dy ivckwr AwpxI kmweI dy nwl jo idSw bxweI, aus nUM nobl purskwr dy rUp ivc sMswr koloN kbUl vI krvwieAw[ies smkwlI siBAwcwr-mwhOl Aqy auQl-puQl ivc, ijQy bhuq kuJ tu`t irhw sI, bhuq kuJ nvW bx irhw sI[ribMdrnwQ tYgor, smwijk, AriQk Aqy siBAwcwrk pirsiQqIAW nwl qzrby krn leI, Ku`ly kysW, lMbI dwVI vwlI BwrqI AiDAwqimkqw

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dy sMquilq Awid iCx vwlI irSIAW vrgI id`K nUM gRihx krky Aqy aus au`cy srUp nUM drbwr swihb ivc vsdy Sbd guru dI sMgIqk lYA nwl, swl ivc kuJ smW SRI AMimRqsr ivKy rihky, sr-Swr krkyy mYdwn ivc auqrdy hn, ijs ivcoN keI qrW dIAW nvIAW idSwvW, swkwrwqimkqw, suhj Aqy KVoq dy pRBwv Awid auBr ky swhmxy Awey[iesy irSI jlwl ny, mYkwly( Macaulay) duAwrw rcI isiKAw pRxwlI nUM, vMgwirAw Aqy

Shantiniketan nUM kudrq dI god ivc KVw krky ieh d`isAw ky igAwn dw kMm kOmW nUM gulwm bxwauxw nhI hY blik auhnW dI qlwS nUM ies bRihmMf nwl ie`ksurqw ivc ilAwauxw hY[ iehnW ADwrW Aqy idSwvW nUM AsI Awpxy pypr ivc pkVn dI koiSS krWgy[

Awp idAW ilKqW Aqy pRwpqIAW jdoN ie`k id`bqw vwlI pRiqbw, invwzI hoeI cyqnw, DrqI qy sPr krdI AwpxI mMizl v`l vDdI hY qW ieh mnu`KI mn dy Aqy bRihmMf dy Al`g-Al`g mMflW dy sMprk ivc AwaudI hY jW sMprk pYdw krdI hY, Aqy iehnW AnuBvW dI qIKxqw nwl Apxy isKr nUM CuMhdI hY[ AMq iehnW mMflW nUM hI Awpxy au`dwq- AnuBv nwl invwzdI hY[ ribMdr nwQ tYgor dy kMm Aqy ilKqW dw vrgIkrn Aqy nW ies pypr dy AKIr ivc n`QI kIqy gey hn[ies ivc sB qoN au`pr swihq dw isrlyK AwaudW hY, ijs ny tYgor nMU mu`K qOr qy ivSv pris`D bxwieAw[Awpny krIb 3000 kivqwvW rcIAW, ies sNgRih ivc sB qoN mShUr sMgRih gIqWjlI hY, ies qoN ielwvw Awp ny 8 nwvl, 4 Coty nwvl , iqMn ijldW c 84 khwxIAW dI dyx vI id`qI[ vwrqk ivc bhuq swry inbMD vI ilKy, sMgIq ivc tYgr ny 2230 gIq ilKy Aqy auhnW nUM lYA b`D vI kIqw, Awpny sNgIq ivc Aijhw bdlwv ilAWdw ik ies sNgIq nUM ribMdrw sNgIq dy nW nwl hI jwixAw jwx l`igAw[ieh vI vrxn Xog hY ik Awp gIqW nUM gwieAw vI krdy sI[ pyitNg ivc vI Awp ny AwpxI isrjnwqimkqw dy rMg ivKwey[ Awp vloN Anuvwd dw kMm vI

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kIqw igAw, ijs ivc auhnW AwpxW bMgwlI ivc iliKAw swih`q AMgryzI ivc auliQAw, ies qoN ielwvw kbIr swihb dy kMm nUM Anuvwd kIqw[ijvyN ky aupr d`s Awey hW ik tYgor ny lgBg swrI duinAw dI Xwqrw kIqI, Aqy v`fIAW hsqIAW nwl imly, ies sB dw ibrqWq Awpny s&rnwmy Aqy XwdW ivc kIqw hY[ividAw-pRxwlI ijs ivc Awp duAwrw kwPI kMm kIqw igAw, Awp dy SbdW ivc "The widest road leading to the solution of all our problems is education." Awp dIAW ilKqW Aqy SwnqIinkyqn ivc kIqy gey qzrby ies g`l dI hwmI Brdy hn[ dwrSinkqw, jo ik ies pypr dw ivSw hY, dy ivc BWvy Awp duAwrw koeI vI AjyhI rcnW nhI kIqI geI ijs nUM AsIN Su`D rUp c dwrSinkqw vwlI mMn skIey, iPr vI AwpdIAW pusqkW swDnw, Religion of Man, Creative Unity Awid ivc bhuq swry ieSwry pey hoey hn ijnHW ny dwrSinkqw dy keI pihlUAW qy roSnI pweI hY Aqy Awp dy ivcwr pyS kIqy hn[AsIN ies nUM AnuBvI ivcwr jW jIvn AnuBUqIAW vI kih skdy hW[ ies qrW AsIN dyK skdy hW ik ribMdrnwQ tYgor jo ik nvBwrq dy swih`q dw sqMb bx cu`kw hY, ie`k AiDAwpk, Alock, icMqk, kvI, khwxIkwr, nwvlkwr, nwtkkwr, inbMD lyKk, XwqrI, icqRkwr, klwkwr,gIq gwiek, gIqkwr Aqy ie`k ivl`Kx sMgIqkwr vI sI[ ribMdrnwQ tYgor ny AwpxI sv`Cqw Aqy idAwnqdwrI nwl BwrqI mUl ivc auh jgHw kwiem kIqI ik Awp dI izMdgI Aqy kMm nUM, Awpdy smkwlI icMqkW/lyKkW qoN lY ky hux q`k dy ivcwrkW ny, mh`qvpUrn mMndy hoey aus au`qy itpxIAW kIqIAW[ieh itpxIAW BwvyN Awp nUM muK rUp c ie`k dwrSink vWgU pyS nhI krdIAW, Aqy Awp dy jIvn AMdwz, jIvn ivrqWq, AwpdIAW ilKqW ijsdy ivc bhup`KI SksIAq, ie`k isrjnwqimk Aritst , ie`k ArDrh`svwdI kvI, ie`k irSI ichrw ivdmwn hY, nUM sMboiDq hn[ies qoN ielwvw jo kMm dyKx ivc AwaudW hY auh vI Awpdy icMqn nUM kyNdr ivc nhIN r`Kdw blik isrjnwqimk AnuBv nUM DUrw bxwaudw hY, ijvyN pRo: pUrn dI isMG Aqy SRI v`l AruibMdU kyNdrq, idAW swnUM itpxIAW[ribMdrnwQ tYgor dwrSinkqw

rwDwikRSnn jI duAwrw ilKI pusqk The Philosophy of Tagore imldI hY

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Aqy Contemporarry Indan Philosophy by Basant Kumar Lal, ivc Awp qy crcw l`BdI hY [rwDwikRSnn vI Bwvy ieh mMndy hn ik tYgor dwrSink nhIN hY pr auhnW dI kmweI nUM ies hwx dI kihMdy hn ik aus ivcoN drSn idAW AMqr-idRStIAW l`BIAW jw skdIAW hn[ jy tYgor dy smkwlI lyKkW v`l vyKIey ijvyN BweI vIr isMG, SRI AruibMdU, rwDwikRSnn, ivvykwnMd, pRo pUrn isMG, iekbwl Awid[ijhHnW ny BwrqI prMprw nUM ijAWdw zor nwl smiJAw Aqy isDWqk p`KoN v`D mzbUq sn, iPr vI ribMdrnwQ tYgor ny jo mukwm hwisl kIqw, jo ivSv pris`DI pRwpq kIqI aus ip`Cy Awp dI suihrdqw, imhnq, igAwn Aqy smyN dI aus qrMg nUM pkVnw hY jo bx rhy swJyN ivSv nzrIey dy nyVy sI[ auh smW, ijvyN aupr d`s Awey hW, smwijk, AwriQk, Dwrimk, swih`qk auQl-puQl dw smW sI, p`CmI s`iBAqw dy AnuBv, igAwn sMgTn ijs rwjnIqI qihq ies DrqI qy Awey, aus AnuBv ny ijs qrz ivc ieQoN dI hr cIz nUM CyiVAw, ijs qrW ies ny BwrqI mn dI sUKmqw ivc jw, jo hwlwq pYdw kIqy aus ivc koeI vI pRiqBw isrP isrjnwqimk sMvwd nwl, romWs ivc, suhj nwl, riskqw ivc jW isrP rh`svwd ivc sMquSt nhIN rih skdI sI, aus dw ies auQl-puQl ivc in`jI isDWqk qzrby krny suBwivk sn, ijnHW qoN cyqn pRiqBw bc nhIN skdI sI[ jo ik hryk v`fI skSIAq ny AwpxI smr`Qw, Aqy kmweI Anuswr kIqy vI, iehnW s`cy qzribAW dorwn , auhnW qoN bhuq v`fIAW glqIAW vI hoeIAW, ijnHW au`qy dUsry icMqkW vloN sKq AlocnW vI dyKx ivc AwauNdI hY, ieQy AsI ieh kihx dI Ku`l vI lY skdy hW ik smyN dy krUp s`c ienHy ivSwl huMdy hn ik ieh v`fIAW pRiqBwvW dy duAwrw vI DrqI au`qy auqrdy hn, iksy vI v`fI pRqIBw dw ies krUpqw qoN, isrP Awpxy klwqimk Aqy isrjnwqimk s`c nwl, b`c inklxw mumikn nhIN Aqy ribMdrnwQ tYgor vI iehnW qoN b`c nw sky[pRMqU AsIN iehnW drvyS lyKkW dI AMqr AwqmW dI sv`Sqw Aqy idAwnqw nUM S`k dy Gyry ivc nhIN ilAw skdy[ tYgor au`qy ijnHW vI kMm hoieAw hY, aus dy kuJ p`K ies qrW hn ik jW qW ieh kMm, ie`k KVoq ivc, BwrqI purwqnqw dy SuD rUp nUM ADwr bxw ky Awp nUM ie`k AwdrS dy rUp ivc pyS krdw hY ijsdy ipCy keIvwr rwStrIvwd , ies bhurMgI s`iBAqw au`qy vydWq Aqy irSI nwiekqv sQwipq krn dw lwlc kMm kr

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rhw huMdw hY( *4,), jW iPr ies KVoq nUM qoV, tYgor dI aucweI nUM eIsweIAq dw prCwvW d`isAw jWdw hY(*6,*7)[pr ieh dovyN hI ivDIAW tYgor nwl inAW nhIN krdIAW[jykr AsIN, ribMdrnwQ tYgor au`qy ausdI rUh dy nukqy qoN jW ie`k sMquln qrIky nwl kIqy ivcwr dI qlwS ivc hW qW auh swnUM Future Poetry by Shri. Aurobindo Aqy The Spirit of Oriental Poetry by Prof. Puran Singh ivc hI imldy hn[BWvy ieh itpxIAW tYgor dw koeI dwriSnkqw vwlw Aks nhIN auBwrdIAW , pr tYgor vwry bxwieAw koeI vI isDWqk pihlU, iehnW itpxIAW nUM nzr AMdwz krky, sMBv nhIN ho skdw[ SRI AruibMdU kivqw nUM highest form of speech (*8) kihMdy hn, ijs ivc mnu`KI Drwql dIAW cIz dI dKlAMdwzI nw mwqr huMdI hY, iesdI prvwz swry smwijk, mwnisk pVwvW qoN pry hY[ ijs ivc AwDuink kvIAW, ijvyN tYgor, master of rhythems, ny ies idSw v`l kdm zrUr pu`ty, Aqyy Awpxy smyN dI smu`cI qlwS nUM, smyN dy iksy vI isrjnwqimk lyKk qoN v`D, pihcwixAw[ijs ivc Awpdy Anuvwd ny bhuq hI, rUhwnI, rh`smeI Aqy sUKm qrIky nwl mh`qvpUrn BUimkw inBweI[ pRMqU ieh Anuvwd, iehnW ilKqW dI AMdrlI ie`ksurqw Aqy Bolypx, jo tYgor dy mOilk pwTW ivc nzr AwaudW hY, nUM nwl s&r nw krvw sky Aqy isrP ie`k lYA BrpUr kwivk vwrqk q`k sIimq rih geIAW[ pRo: pUrn isMG, tYgor dI mn dIAW fUMgIAW qrMgW nUM hlUxw dyx vwlI ArD-rh`svwdI kivqw, aurdU-priSAn Aqy vYSnv BgqW dI AQwh SrDw dy sMg srUp in`KrdI d`sdy hn, ies qoN ielwvw ribMdrnwQ dI kmweI ivcoN aupinSdW dI qknIk v`D cmkdI hY, ijs dI pRym AnuBUqI ivcoN, in`jI ipAwr Aqy SrDw ivc hmySw sUlI qy cVy rihx

vrgy ivCoVy dI pIV dI AxhoNd, ivSv ivAwpkqw v`l rucI, mihsUs huMdI hY[ tYgor dI sMvydnqw Aqy au`c kotI dI riskqw, jo bhuigxqI nUM Awrwm idMdI hY,mn nUM auTw Ajy rh`smeI DuMDlypx ivc lY jWdI hY, ijQy KuSI dw BRm vsdw hY[ Dr. S. Radhakrishnan, ijnHW ny tYgor dI drSn dI phuMc ivDI bwry pUrI dI pUrI ikqwb ilKI hY, qknIk p`KoN Awp bwry cMgw ivSlySn krdy ho[ Awpny tYgor nUM mUl rUp ivc dwrSink nhIN m`inAw (*9)[mnu`K

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Akl, zsbwq Aqy ApxI ieCw SkqI dy iek`T nwl AwpxI qlwS nUM Awrt, icMqn Aqy Drm duAwrw pRgt krdw hY[ tYgor dw rwh s`cy Awritst vwlw rwh hY, ijsny pRmwqmW nUM iksy igAwn meI vrnx ivc nhIN aukirAw blik s`c nUM isrjnwqimkqw nwl srb ivAwpk kr ivKwieAw, ijsdI AnuBv pRikRAw ivc hr cIz do ivc KMifq ho hI ie`k v`l v`DdI hY(*10)[ ieh doBwjqw AwKrI s`c nhIN ho skdI, pRMqU ieh mnu`KI surq dI bOiDk qlwS nUM iq`Kw krdI hY[ ribMdrnwQ tYgor dy AnuBv dy kyNdr rUp ivc ivc irSI tYgor KVw ny hY, ijs dy , Awlw gIqw duAwly Aqy dI KUbsUrqI, Awsiqk, rh`smeI vwqwvrx, mn nUM ie`ksur kr, ivsvwS idRV krdy hn, Aqy mu`K aupinSdW bwAd dy rh`svwdI ivsvwS qoN syD leI Aqy BwrqI purwqn ibbyk nUM AwDuink soc dI qrz ivc punr sQwipq kIqw(*11)[ muMlwkn/ivslySn jdoN koeI isrjnwqimk skSIAq ie`k suhjmeI mMfl qoN ibbykmeI igAwn Gyry ivc prvyS krdI hY qW igAwn nUM vI Awpxy in`jI AnuBv ivcoN riskqw Aqy suhj nwl Br ky pyS krdI hY, ijs ivc bhuq kuJ Ajyhw Aw jWdw hY jo BulyKw pwaU, AspSt Aqy mn nUM DuMDlypx ivc iljwx vwlw huMdw hY[aus smyN dw bsqIvwd mMqv ijs qrW BwrqI cyqMnqw dy AMdr vV irhw sI, Aqy ijs qrW ies dy dwrSink QMmW nUM ihlwx dI koisS kr irhw sI, ies sB ivc tYgor, igAwn nUM Apxy AnuBv dI qIKxqw Aqy kwivk AMqr-idRStI duAwrw pwTkW dy spurd krdw hY[jo ik bsqIvwd ivcoN pYdw hoeI ivvsQw nUM iksy AiDAwqimk jW drSnI sqh qy nkwr ky , koeI v`fw mwfl qW nhIN pyS kr irhw, pr ie`k mwnvvwdI id`K nwl, suihrdqw nwl, iksy sMquln ivcoN nvIAW idSwvW v`l ieSwry zrUr kr irhw hY[ribMdrnwQ tYgor dy icMqn dy ADwr cwhy BwrqI prMprw vwly hn pr Awp iehnW ADwrW nUM klw ivc Fwl ky pyS krdy hn, ijs nwl risk Aqy isrjnqwimk idSwvW ijAwdw pRgt huMidAW hn[ tYgor dw AMiqm s`c isrP ArUp-inrMkuSqw bRihmMfI cyqMnqw nhIN dI hY ie`k blik swkwr srbivAwpI,srbigAwqw, inrwkwr,

in`jI AiBlwSw hY[tYgor dI DwrnW Anuswr mnu`K aus iksy vI ivcwr ivc idlcsp nhIN ho skdw ijs ivc auh AwpxI cyqMnqw dw PYilAw Aks

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nw dyK skdw hovy(*15)[ AwpdIAW ilKqW ivc swnUM inrMkuSqw dI QW brv-ivAwpI purK, prm purK, prm AwqmW, Asgwh ivAkiqqv, Awid Sbd imldy hn, jo pRmwqmW dw srgux rUUp icqrdy hn, Aqy mwnvIkrn krdy hn[tYgor auqpqI nUM s`c krky jwxdw hY[ ijs ivc Awsiqkqw Aqy mwnvvwdI pRBwvW dw koeI sWJw isDWq hY[auqpqI aus prm s`c duAwrw prm AwnMd ivc kIqw svY-pRgtwvw hY[ ies Kyf nUM tYgor purwqn Dwrnw lIlw nwl joVdw hY, ik auqpqI lIlw hY[ikrq, krqy qoN Al`g vI hY Aqy Jlkwrw hox krky nhIN vI[ mwieAw nUM tYgor AigAwnqw dy rUp ivc dyKdw hY, jo Awpxy Awp c v`KrI s`cweI nhIN hY, pRMqU ies lIlw nUM , kuJ AzwdIAW Aqy bMidSw nwl, cnOqI BrBUr bxwaudI hY(*12)[ ieh bMidSw , cnOqIAW ies auqpqI dy rMgmMc, lIlw, dw swrq`q hn[tYgor ies nUM bVI KUbsUrq audwrn nwl pyS krdy hn, cYs plyAr kuJ pwbMdIAW ivc rih ky Kyf Kyfdw hY, ies dw ieh mqlb nhIN ik auh ijvyN cwhy , auvyN ipAwidAW nUM clw nhIN skdw, pr ieMJ krn nwl Kyf, Kyf nhIN rhygI[AnMd muk jweygw[ igAwn bwry Awp ies qrW Awpxy ivcwr r`kdy hn, ik igAwn dw AMiqm Gr aus bRihmMfI SRomxI cyqMnqw dy nwl ies mnu`KI surq dy sImq Gyry nUM ie`ksur krnw hY[igAwn ie`k dirStI hY, iekhry q`QW ipCy kMm kr irhw isstm hY[ jo mn dw q`QW dI bhulqw nwl dm nhIN Gu`tdw blik Bwr mukq kr , inrml bxwaudW hY(*17)[ KUbsUrqI bwry Awp ilKdy hn ik swfw mn KUbsUrqI ivs PYldw hY, AnMd ivc ieh Awpxy sImq Gyry nUM ip`Cy C`f, AsImqw ivc ivgsdw hY[ suMdrqw nUM jwx lYxw , aus AnMq nUM jwx lYx dy qu`l hY[suMdrqw hr QW mOjUd hY, Aqy ieh Awrt Aqy swih`q dy pihrwvy

ivc, zrUrqW dy mMfl nUM pwr kr, ApxI mMizl v`l v`DdI hY[ Awp sMgIq nUM klw dw sB qoN su`cw rUp kihMdy ho, jo s`c dy, prm AnMd dy v`D nyVy hY[swDnw pusqk ivc Awp ilKdy ho, the manifestation of

the infinite in the finite forms of creation is music itself, silent and visible. [ pRmwqmW nUM jwnx dw tYgor ie`ko-ie`k jrIAw mMndw hY auh hY aus bRihmMfI ie`ksurqw dw ipAwr Aqy ivSvwS nwl BrBUr, ie`k qwkqvr

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in`jI AnuBv[BwvyN ies dI sQwpnw ih`q Awp koeI qrk sMgq ivSlySn krn nUM zrUrI nhIN smJdy, pr ie`k in`jI AnuBv dI Gwt ivc ies qrW dy aupdyS dI AihimAq nUM nkwrdy vI nhIN hn[Awpdy iviKAwn ivc jo SkqI Aqy qrk kMm kr irhw hY auh hY ies bRihmMf ivc psrI ie`ksurqw, qrqIb Aqy lYA(*16)[ijsnUM tukiVAW ivc AnuBv nhIN kIqw jw skdw[ ribMdrnwQ tYgor dy qrk v`l jy nzr mwrIey qW ieh qrk dy mwpdMFw nUM sMquSt nhIN krdw, AwpdI ivDI, in`jI AnuBuqI idAW roSnIAW Aqy klpxw dI SuDqw coN mOilAw kwivk ivcwr-mMfl, vwlI hY[ Awp iesnUM super logic d`sdy hn[mnu`KI suBwau dy do pihlU hn, pihlw srIrk, mwnisk Aqy smwijk Aqy iPr AiDAwqimk ijs ivc isrjnwqimkqw, Drm, AwnMd Aqy PrIfm hY Aqy pihly Gyry nUM pwr krn dI qwkq hY[tYgor dw Drm, Religion of Men, Asl ivc ies pwr krn vwlI SkqI ivc vsdw hY, Aqy ie`k ivAkqIgq sMBwvnw dw joSIlw rUp hY[iesy krky Awp iksy Dwrimk sMsQw jW ritual , jW SrIAq ivc swkwrwqimkqw Gt dyKdy hn (*13)[Drm vwsqv ivc Awpxy AMdrly s`c nUM jwx lYxw hY(*14), kudrq dI hr SY nwl isrjnwqimk irSqw bxwaunw hY[mnu`K vwsqy ieh AMdrlw s`c AwiKr kI hY, tYgor ies bwry kihMdy hn ieh , aus ie`ksurqw dI AnuBuqI krnw hY, jo bUMd nUM swgr nwl ie`k krdI hY, jo srIrk mOq nUM AMq nhIN mMndI , auh SkqI ijs nwl AwdmI du`K ivc rih ky vI muskrwdW hY[Awp Drm ivc isrP Awqm iqAwg Aqy ipAwr dy isDWq nUM kbUldy hn[Drm dy ies AnuBv dI sv`Sqw Asl ivc ilv surq Aqy rs vwlI hY, jo AwpxI kwivk pRyrnw krky, kudrq Aqy dyh dy suhjAwqimk pswry nUM Awpxy AnMd ivc Swiml krdI hY, Drm dw ieh AnuBv surqSbd dy vrgIkrn ivc AwaudW hY nw ik Sbd-surq dy AnuBv pswr ivc[ Sbd-surq dw pswr cyqnw dy hnyry p`KW, rwjnIqI, ieiqhws, kwl dI id`bqw Awid nUM Swiml kr aus dy qwrikk mMfl dI mirAwdw meI AnuBUqI pyS krdw hY[ swrq`q/smwpqI mnu`K jy aus AnMq dw, aus Aprmpwr dw Aks hY qW mn`uK vI AsImq hY, kwl dy inXmW ivc ies AnMqqw dy pRgt hox nUM qW sImW ivc

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bMinAw jw skdw hY, pr ies sImW nUM AwKrI pVwA insicq nhIN kIqw jw skdw[tYgor dI kwivk ivSv ie`ksurqw, ausdy pwrbRhm dy AnuBv Aqy nbI nUM nw smJx ipCy kMm kr rhy KlwA nUM jy pkiVAw jw sky qW ieh ie`k v`fI pRwpqI hovygI[inMdxw jW srwhauxw sB nwloN Aswn kMm hn, pr igAwn dw Gyrw ies qoN AgwauN SurU huMdw hY[igAwn, jo kuJ vI vwDU hY, mwVw hY, kUV hY, nUM JwV ky, iksy ivcwr nUM swP krky pyS krnW dy hY, ijsqoN cwh mnu`Kqw irhw AwpxI jo mMizl smyN v`l dy syD lY sky[ribMdrnwQ tYgor ny, BwrqI AwdrS nUM, ijs nUM bsqIvwd Apxy inXMqrn ADIn krnw sI, rwjnIiqk, s`iBAwcwirk, swih`qk, smwijk Aqy Dwrimk qxW ivc, ie`k sMgTq rUp ivc AwpxI pkV vI kmzor kr irhw sI, AwpxI in`jI AnuBv dI qwkq nwl iksy hd q`k jIvMq kIqw[ ies nvIN bx rhI ivvsQw dy AwdrSw dy ADUrypx ivc iehnW nUM pUry mMn lYx dy Acyq aulwrW dIAW iKcW krky Awp koloN v`fy ivqkry vI hoey, iPr vI Awp ny mnu`KI cyqMnqw dy bhup`KI pswrW ivc BwrqI igAwn Aqy suhj prMprwvW dI isrjxW krn vwlI SkqI dI, isrjnqwimk Aqy kwivk riskqw nwl BrBUr vMn-suvMnqw pyS kIqI[

gurcyqn isMG

References:*1- Puran Singh Prof., pUrbI kivqw dI AwqmW,p-49, BwSw ivBwg, Punjab, 1990 *2- Majumdar Sisir k., Frontier Vol.44, nos.11-14, sep 25-oct 22,2011. *3- S Radhakrishnan, The Philosophy of Tagore, Preface, MACMILLAN AND CO., LIMITED.1919 *4- In Dr.Coomaraswami's words," the work of Rabindranath is essentially Indian in sentiments and form."

*5*6- Mr. Urquhart observes :" He opened his soul to the ideas of the West and he has drawn from Christianity, especially, ideas the influence of which upon his whole trend of thought has not always been acknowledged. The Eastern dress which he has given to these ideas has often concealed both from his own eyes and those of his readers their true origin, and although truth is one and inhabits no particular clime, absence of indication here has sometimes led to consequences prejudicial to the development of truth itself. The ideas of Rabindranath, like those of so many thinkers of modern India, have often been quite wrongly assigned to Indian sources International Review of Missions, 1914, page 149.

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*7- Mr. Edward J. Thompson, who calls it " nonsense " to say that Gitanjali represents " true Hinduism," observes :" The man who henceforward must rank among the great religious poets of the world does not ^all himself a Christian : but in him we get a glimpse of what the Christianity of India will be like, and we see that it is something better than the Christianity which came to it." Quarterly Review, October 1914, p. 330. *8- Sri Arubindo,The Future Poetry, p-14, Sri Aurobindo Ashram Trust 1997 *9- We do not find any systematic exposition of his philosophy of life hi any of his writings. Even Sadhana is a book of sermons, or mystic hymns, or perhaps meditations. It is a sigh of the soul rather than a reasoned account of metaphysics ; an atmosphere rather than a system of philosophy. But we feel that the atmosphere is charged with a particular vision of reality. In his writings we have the reaction of his soul to the environment, his attitude in the face of life. Dr S Radhakrishnan, The Philosophy of Tagore, p-6, MACMILLAN AND CO., LIMITED.1919. *10- The child finds its mother when it leaves her womb.When I am parted from you, thrown out from your household, I am free to see your face, Rabindernath Tagore, Fruit gathering -10 *11- His writings are a commentary on the Upanishads by an individual of this generation on whom the present age has had its influence. Dr S Radhakrishnan, The Philosophy of Tagore, p-3, MACMILLAN AND CO., LIMITED.1919. *12- it is like a father setting upon his son some allowance within the limits of which he is free to do what he likes, Rabindernath Tagore, Sadhana, p-86. *13- the same blindness which impedes then to rush to bathe in a particular stream, renders them indifferent to the sufferings of their unknown fellowmen, God does not appreciate this prostitution of his most precious gift. Rabindernath Tagore, A Letter, The Modern Review, Sept.1917, p-335. *14- The wateriness of water is essentially its religion, . Rabindernath Tagore, An Article, Indu Datta, tr. Tagpre Testament, p-37. *15- just as the phisiology of our beloved is not our beloved, so this impersonal law is not our God, Rabindernath Tagore, The Religion of Man, p-114. *16- look at the nice order and regularity prevailing all over the place,- how do you explain it without a King ? Rabindernath Tagore, The King of the Dark Chanmber, p-9 *17- For, a mere fact is like a blind lane, it leads only to itself it has no beyond.

But a truth opens up a whole horizon, it leads us to the infinite. That is the reason why, when a man like Darwin discovers some simple general truth about Biology, it does not stop there, but like a lamp shedding its light far beyond the object for which it was lighted, it illumines the whole region of human life and thought, transcending its original purpose. Thus we find that truth, while investing all facts, is not a mere aggregate of facts it surpasses them on all sides and points to the infinite reality. Rabindernath Tagore, Sadhana, p-53/54.

BIBLIOGRAPHY PHILOSOPHY/THOUGHTS ON LIFE


SADHANA THE RELIGION OF MAN CREATIVE UNITY

LITERATURE:POETRY:FRUIT GATHERING STRAY BIRDS THE GARDENER THE MOTHERS PRAYER GITANJALI (SONG OFFERINGS) MANASI (THE IDEAL ONE) SONAR TARI (THE GOLDEN BOAT) GITMALYA (WREATH OF SONGS) BALAKA (THE FLIGHT OF CRANES) BHANUSIMHA THAKURER PADAVALI (SONGS OF BHANUSIMHA THAKUR)

NOVELS:NASTANIRTH -BROKEN NEST GORA -FAIR-FACED GHARE BHAIRE -THE HOME AND THE WORLD YOGAYOG -CROSSCURRENT CHATURANGA SHESHER KOBITA CHAR ODHAY NOUKADUBI

PLAY:CHITRA CYCLES OF SPRING VALMIKI PRATHIBHA -THE GENIUS OF BALMIKI VISARJAN -THE SACRIFICE RAJA -THE KING OF THE DARK CHAMBER DAK GHAR -THE POST OFFICEACHALAYATAN ACHALATAN -THE IMMOVABLE MUKTADHARA -THE WATERFALL RAKTAKARAVI -RED OLEANDERS

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THE CRESCENT MOON

STORIES: THREE VOLUMES ( GALPAGUCHCHHA)- 84 STORIES HUNGRY STONES

MUSIC AND ART


LYRICS AND MUSIC OF 2230 SONGS A PROLIFIC PAINTER- ABOUT 3000 PAINTINGS

MEMOIRS/TRAVELOGUE
JIVANSMRITI CHHELEBELA MY REMINISCENCES MY BOYHOOD DAYS

PROSE:NATIONALISM THE SPIRIT OF JAPAN ON RAMAYANA GLIMPESES OF BENGAL

TRANSLATION
SONGS OF KABIR