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656

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1.
1.1. ...4
1.2. .15
...19
2.


2.1. 20
2.2. .26
..28

3.

3. 1. ...29
3.2.

..36
3.3.

..46
...50
4.
4.1. ..51
4.2.
..54
..61
5.

5.1. ...62
5.2. .69
5.3. ...73
5.4.
...79
2

..86
6. ,

6.1. .88
6.2. 91
6.3. ...93
6.4. ..95
6.5. ,
Highway Capacity Manual 2000...96
6.6. ...100
101
.103

1.
1.1.


, roundabout [6-14].
,

,
.
:
(. 1.1);

roundabout (.
1.2,1.8-1.9);

:
- - ;
- -
. 1.1.
4

. 1.2.
26 .

roundabouts

(circular intersections).

roundabout.
(. 1.3).

. 1.3. (circular
intersections) [6]
5

Rotaries ,
, 100 .
,
50 /.

( ),
.. ,
, .
rotaries traffic circles.
-
1905 ,
1907 , 1925 1926 .

.

.
,
.
, give-way-to-the-right.

1942
(AASHO).

.

40 /., 23
.
.
64 /, 82 .
AASHO 1942
,
6

5000 ./. 1954 1965


AASHO 3000 ./
,
.

,
.
.
,
,
.
50- -
,
, -
,
rotaries . ,
,

.
Neighborhood traffic circles ,
,
(. 1.4).
, yield,
.
(..
).
,
, .

, , .
7

. 1.4. . ,
neighborhood traffic circle [6].
, , .

8

Roundabouts

, [7,8,10,12]:
;


,
, ,
50 /.

.

. 1.2., ,
, 3-4.
roundabout 1929
(the Town
Planning Institute). ,
(FRG 1996)
(modern roundabout),
.

(. . 1.1).
1966
- , ,
.

.
, .

1.1


"



,

1972

. 1984

(FHC),

1000 .
1960-, 1967
.

. 1982
(ITE) Traffic Engineering
10

Handbook .
12 , HCM 1994
.


.

HCM 1997 10
.

roundabout ,
.
(
).

Bogue St.-Shaw Lane (.


1.5 1.6 ) [1]. 1993
1998 . 76 (17
), 13,4 .
1,52 107 ,
.
( 20% ): right angle
crashes ,
; sideswipe crashes
, .
(. . 1.6):

;
, -;
.
11

. 1.5. Bogue St.-Shaw Lane , 1960-


traffic circle [1]. . Bogue St:
-;
12

- traffic circle

- roundabout

. 1.6. Bogue St.-Shaw Lane [1]: ;


- ; Shaw
Lane ; ;
( )

. 1.7. (rotary) (roundabout)


(, -) [2,5,6]
14


( -) [2,5,6].
:

;

.
1.2.

(roundabout)
(. 1.8 . 1.9) [8,10,12].

(central

island)

,
.
(splitter island)
,
.

.
(circulatory roadway)

(
).
(
- apron, truck apron; central overrun area) ,
-

.
.
- (yield line)
.
,
( .

1.8.

. accessible pedestrian crossing ,


, .

(accessible

pedestrian

crossing)

.

-. accessible pedestrian
crossing , ,
.
16

. 1.9. :
1- ; 2 (apron, truck apron); 3
; 4 yield
( ); 5 (splitter island); 6
( ); 7
(landscape buffer)

(bicycle treatments)
.

(landscaping

buffer)

landscaping buffer .

. 1.10. [8,10,12].
(inscribed circle diameter)

17

. .
(circulatory roadway width)

( )
().
(approach width)
, ,
.

. 1.10. (
)

(entry width)
-.
(exit width)
.
(departure width)
, ,
.
18

(entry radius)
() .
(exit radius)
() .
1.
1. Brilon W, Vendhey M. Roundabouts The State of the Art in
Germany//ITE Journal, November 1998, pp. 48-54.
2. Brilon, W. : Roundabouts : A State of the Art in Germany//Paper
presented at the National Roundabout Conference, Vail, Colorado; May 22 25,
2005 16 .
3. Guichet B. Evolution of Roundabouts in France and their New
Uses//Paper presented at the National Roundabout Conference, Vail, Colorado;
May 22 25, 2005 - 7 .
4. Kennedy J. Review of Accident Research at Roundabouts//Transport
Research Laboratory (TRL Limited), Wokingham, Berkshire, 2005.- 14 .
5. NCHRP Report 572. Roundabouts in the United States//Transportation
Research Board. National Research Council. Washington, D.C. 2007, 125 p.
6. NCHRP Synthesis 264. Modern Roundabout Practice in the United
States A Synthesis of Highway Practice //Transportation Research Board.
National Research Council. Washington, D.C. 1998, 82 p.
7. Roundabouts:

An

Informational

Guide//

Federal

Highway

Administration. Publication No FHWARD-00-67. June 2000, 277 .


8. Schoon, C., Van Minnen J, The Safety of Roundabouts in The
Netherlands, Traffic Engineering and Control, 1994, Vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 142148.
9. Taekratok T. Modern roundabouts for Oregon. Salem, Oregon: Oregon
Department of Transportation, 1998. - 124 .
10.

What roundabout design provides the highest possible safety?

//Nordic Road & Transport Research, 2000, No 2, p. 17- 21.


19

2.
2.1.
.
1981 . 73
. 74%,
32%,
68%. 3
, .
1990 . 15- Australian Road Research Board [7,9]
230
(.2.1).
2.1.

3,910

2,289

41 %

1,045

0,571

45 %

0,024

0,009

63%

.
90-
10 ,
2 . 1992 2000

122

, , [7]:

42 % 1,352 0,789.
20


48 % 0,373 0,194.
.
1984 . ,
3,31,
16% ,
100 ,
, 27,5.

1999 - 2003 .
,
1,77, 7%
. 1984 .
46,5%,
[4,7,9].

(TRL

-
Report

281)

(.
2.2).
2.2
-

8.7%

(, )

11.2%

54.7%

10.6%

14.8%

TRL Report 281


: 1,70 /;
1,20 /.

21

. 1989 .
,

,
(. 2.3).
2.3.

, /107

175

189

240

237

48

27

.
1992 . 181
. , ,
[7]:

51% 4,9 2,4.

72% 1,3 0,37.

( http://www.fhwa.dot.gov)
2000 . 24 ( :
, , , , ,
), .
: 39%;
76%;
22

.
( http://www.fhwa.dot.gov)
, 15 (
) (2002 .)

60%; 82%;
100%;
(property-damage-only, PDO) 27%.

.
8
:

75 % 5,9 1,43;
100 ,
, 76,7 % 1,59
0,37 .
,
(. 2.4 2.5 ).
(Institute for Highway
Safety)

90%

76%

30-40%

10%

23

2.4


(propertydamage-only, PDO)

-51%

-73%

-32%

-29%

-31%

-10%

-37%

-51%

-29%

2. 5



1 . ,

0,67

0,31

0,45

0,33

,
, 70-

. 83
, 1986 .

:

78 1,42 0,31.

82 2,78 0,49.
24


88 0,16 0,02.
202 179
(1990 .) (. ).
,
1995 .
0,10, 2002 . 0,05 [3].


30- . 80-
,
.
1995 ,

13

-. ,
-
[1,2]:
1 ,
, 29 % 0,79 0,56.

48 % 0,373 0,194.
(.2.6)
-
.
2.6

1 . ,


6.58
3.35
1.24

25

2.2.


. [1-10] ,

, , ,
, , .


"Actes du Seminaire "Giratoires 92.", 1992 .
()
(National Roundabout Conference, 2005) [2,3].

, ,
,
.


, . Road
Research Laboratory ( Transportation Research Laboratory) ,

10-40% .
1996 .
. 1971 .
,
1975, 1984 1993 .
,
26

1984 .

5 000.

80-
, 6- 400 .

: ;
;

( 2000
/).

1980 .
1990 . 1992 . 350
500, 1 8 000 .

roundabouts, 1990 .
- Summerlin,.
7 000
/ 11 000 /.
4 .

.
2002 . (Seattle Times)
, 1990 . 600
.

27

,
1987 . 500 . 1991 .
1 000 .

1994 . 12080
, 2005 . 27000.


1987 . 1980 . 19 , 1992
. 220.

1980- 150
, 1997 . 700, 2000 .
1000. 1500.

(sing lane roundabouts)
10-20 .
,

.
2.
1. Gates Timothy J., Maki Robert E. Converting old traffic circles to modern
roundabouts. Michigan state university case study. Michigan State
University, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 2001, 23
.
2. http://www.k-state.edu/roundabouts/
3. http://www.mini-roundabout.com
4. http://www.roundabouts.net
5. http://www.roundaboutsusa.com/newyork.html
28

6. Kansas Roundabout Guide. Chapter 1 Introduction to Roundabouts//The


State of Kansas. The Kansas Department of Transportation. October 2003,
16 p.
7. . NCHRP Report 572. Roundabouts in the United States//Transportation
Research Board. National Research Council. Washington, D.C. 2007, 125
p.
8. NCHRP Synthesis 264. Modern Roundabout Practice in the United States
A Synthesis of Highway Practice //Transportation Research Board.
National Research Council. Washington, D.C. 1998, 82 p.
9. Redington, T., The Modern Roundabout Arrives in Vermont.//AASHTO
Quarterly Magazine, 1995, Vol. 75, No. 1, pp. 11-12.
10. Roundabouts: An Informational Guide// Federal Highway Administration.
Publication No FHWARD-00-67. June 2000, 277 .
11. Rounabouts/ Design informational bulletin number 80-01// California
Department of transport. October 3, 2003, 14 p
12. Taekratok T. Modern roundabouts for Oregon//Oregon. Oregon
Department of Transportation, 1998. - 124
13. Waddell E. Evolution of Roundabout Technology: A History-Based
Literature Review//Michigan Department of Transportation, 1998, 34 p.
14. What roundabout design provides the highest possible safety? //Nordic
Road & Transport Research, 2000, No 2, p. 17- 21.

3.

3. 1.

, , 4
[3,8]. .
29

)
. 3.1. - :
( q= 0,8 );
( 0,8 )

30

(Compact Roundabout)
,
(.3.2).

(. 3.2),
.
40 /.

. 3.2. . (Compact Roundabout).


31

. 3.3. . (Normal Roundabout):


,
,
( )

(Normal Roundabout)
(.3.3):
,
4 ;
( ) 28
100 ;
;
;
.

32

,

.
Roundabouts
(. 3.4).


[4].

. 3.4. (Signalised Roundabout) [4].

,
, . 3.1.
33

3.1.


Mini Roundabout : 4 - Arm Junction
without Flared Approaches
-

Mini Roundabouts : 4 - Arm Junction


with flared Approaches
-

Normal Roundabout

Contigous Double Roundabou


34

. 3.1.


Double Roundabout with Short Central Link road

Two Bridge Roundabout at Grade Separated


Interchange

Grade Separated Interchange with One Bridge


and Two Roundabouts - Dumbell Interchange

35

3.2.

-

- (mini-roundabou) [3,8]:
-

,
( ), 1 4

, -,
.
,

(.

3.1.

3.2).

,
125 .
(. 3.3).
(TSRGD 611.1)
-.
,
TSRGD 1003.4 (. . 3.1). ,

-,

. 3.4.
-
1970

,
. ,

-
36

.
5000 -.
,

,
,
.
- ,
. -
.
-:
-

;
;
;
(
.)
-
-
30 / ,
85% 35 /.
, 85%
35 /, -
.

37

)
)
. 3.1. , -:
TSRGD 1003.4; TSRGD
1003.3

. 3.2. - TSRGD 1003.4


( ) TSRGD 1003.3 (-) [3].
TSRGD
38

. 3.3.
- [3]

39

. 3.4. , -
TSRGD 1003.4 ( . . 3.1.)
- [3]


-
,
(.. , ).

, ,
.
- [3]:
;
;

(direct access);

40

500 /.
10-15%
.
, , . 3 5. TD 54/07
( - inscribed circle
diameter, ICD) 28 (. 3.6).

. 3.5. - [3]: 1-
; 2 ; 3

41

)
)

()

4,0

R1

R2

3,0

13,0

28,0

3.6. - [5,6]:

42

. 3.7. - [3].
- -
30% ,

43

()

. 3.8. -,
[3]
44

. 3.9. - - [3].
:
; 30 /.
- (
1:15)
45

3,0 ,
,
2,5 . - 4 .
- (Four-Arm Mini-roundabouts)
-
,
500 / [3].
- , .
-
-
(. 3.8):
;
;
.
- (.
3.9).
3.3.

- (.
3.10)
(possible over-run area),
() [3,5,6].

46

. 3.10. -
(possible over-run area) [3]


(3.11 ).

: () 5-20 ;
() 20 ( 60 ) [2].

47

. 3.11.
(possible over-run area). ,
[2,3,5,6,8]
48

. 3.12. :
;

49

3.
1. http://www.ukmotorists.com/Using UK Roundabouts Safely.mht
2. Kennedy Janet. Accidents at roundabouts. TRL, TRL National
Roundabout Conference National Roundabout Conference 2005 DRAFT,
May 2005. ( )
3. Mini roundabouts. Good practices guidance. UK Department for transport.
27 November 2006 53 p/
4. TA 86/03. Layout of Large Signal Controlled Junctions. Design Manual for
Roads and bridges. Road geometry. Volume 6, Section 2, 2003, 46 .
5. TD 16/07. Geometric Design of Rounabouts. Design Manual for Roads
and bridges. Road geometry. Volume 6, Section 2, Junctions 2007, 51 .
6. TD 16/93. Geometric Design of Rounabouts. Design Manual for Roads
and bridges. Road geometry. Volume 6, Section 2, Junctions, 1993, 61 p.
7. TD 50/04. The Geometric Layout of Signal- Controlled Junctions and
Signalised Roundabouts. Design Manual for Roads and bridges. Road
geometry. Volume 6, Section 2, Junctions 2004 50 p.
8. TD 54/07. Design of Mini-roundabouts. Design Manual for Roads and
bridges. Road geometry. Volume 6, Section 2, Junctions, 2007. 31 p.

50

4.
4.1.

.
,
.
.

[3]:,
.4.1 (Kreisverkehrsplatz)
( ),

.
1,

120 / .
Minikreisel - -
. 3,75 .

() 20 . ,

.
- -
,
Kleinen Kreisverkehrsplatz
.
Kleinen Kreisverkehrsplatz -

.
.
51


Kleinen Kreisverkehrsplatz 26 35
, 35 45 (. 4.2).
, - 3,5 %

3 4 .
.

.
3 3,5 .
()

(..

),
.
4.2
Kleinen Kreisverkehrsplatz
[3]:

d,

26

28

30

32

35

40

45

7,5

7,5

6,75

6,5

5,75

Grossen Kreisverkehrsplatz
45
.
.
,
.

52

4.1.



(Minikreisel)
:

d 20
:

3,75
( 20 )
,

.

. ,

(Kleinen Kreisverkehrsplatz)
:

26 d 45
:


.







.

(Grossen Kreisverkehrsplatz)

. ,

45 < d
:
,

,
30 ,
2
.

. ,
53


, 30
.
13 25 .
2 .
4.2.

-

26 . ,
1995 . ( 13 -)
:
(
50 /);
13 24 ;
4,5 5 ;
20 000 /;
-;
- .
(Kleinen Kreisverkehrsplatz)


26 45 . ( 26 )
8
4-5
(.

4.3).

15 000

54

. 4.1. . -, .
.


55

. 4.2. . -, .

56

.4.3. .
[2]

57

. 4.4. .
[2]
58


:

.

;
: 1216 ; 14 18 .
(Kleinen Kreisverkehrsplatz)

:
40 60 ;
8 10 (
);
1-2 ;
1 ;

.
:

;
,
:
1. ;
2.

;

59

3. ()
.
4.3.
HBS 2001

(. 4.5)
.
(. . 4.5)
(. 4.6 . 4.3).

. 4.5.
HBS [2]. /

60

. 4.6. [2]: 1 -; 2
; 3
; 4 ; 5 .

4.3.

,
:
/


, /
,
/

1/1
15000

2/2

2/2

16000

20000

25000

32000

35000-40000

2/2

50000-60000

4
1. Brilon W, Vendhey M. Roundabouts The State of the Art in
Germany//ITE Journal, November 1998, pp. 48-54.
2. Brilon, W. : Roundabouts : A State of the Art in Germany//Paper
presented at the National Roundabout Conference, Vail, Colorado; May
22 25, 2005 16 .
3. Natzschka H. Strassenbau: Entwurf und Bautechnik // B.G. Teubner
Verlag, GWV Fachverlage GmbH. Wiesbaden. - 2003, 469 p.
61

5.

5.1.

, ,
. [16]

(roundabout traffic circles).

:
mini-roundabouts -;
urban compact roundabouts
urban single-lane roundabouts - ;
urban double-lane roundabouts - ;
rural single-lane roundabouts -
rural double-lane roundabouts -
.

[1,13,15,17]
[2,6-8].
- (mini-roundabouts)

(mini-roundabouts)


, 60 /.
5.1 -.

62

. 5.1. . - (mini-roundabout).
(striped splitter island)
(mountable splitter island). (fully
mountable central island),

.
,
,

. , -

.
,
,

. , 63

.
-
,

.
(urban compact roundabouts)

. 5.2. .

(urban compact

roundabouts)

(urban

compact

roundabouts)

,
(..
),

64

()

5.2.
(urban single-lane roundabouts)


, . 5.3
.

.5.3. . (urban single-lane roundabout)


,
65

.

. ,
,
.

.
(urban double-lane roundabouts)
(urban double-lane roundabouts)
,
, .

, .
5.4.

.5.4. , (urban double-lane roundabout)


66

, ,

. , ,

.

()

( ).

.

.
, .
(rural single-lane roundabouts)
, rural single-lane roundabouts
80 100 /.


. ,
.

: ( )
,

).

(,
). 5.5

.
67

.5.5. . (rural single-lane roundabout)

(rural double-lane roundabouts)


rural double-lane roundabouts ,
, 80-100
/.

.
,
.
, .

(,

). 5.6.
.

68

.5.6. . (rural double-lane roundabout)

5.2.

(FHWARD-00-67) [16]

(. 5.1).
5.1
(Roundabouts: An
Informational Guide, FHWARD-00-67)

( )
-




25 / (15 ,)
25 / (15 ,)
35 / (20 ,)
40 / (25 ,)
40 / (25 ,)
50 / (30 ,)

69

-:


:
20 /;
25 /.
-
FHWARD-00-67 [16]
(.
5.2).

( ),
. .
5.2

(Roundabouts: An Informational Guide, FHWARD-00-67)

( )

13-25 (45-80 )

25-30 (80-100 )

WB-15 (WB-50)

30-40 (100-130 )

WB-15 (WB-50)

45-55 (150-180 )

WB-20 (WB-67)

35-40 (115-130 )

WB-20 (WB-67)

55-60 (180-200 )

70

,
(. 5.3)
, 15 000 20 000
,
(. .4.6 . 4.3).
1500 2000 /,

. ,

500 .

.

71

5.3
(Roundabouts: An Informational Guide, FHWARD-00-67) [16]


, /

mini-roundabouts
-

urban compact
roundabouts
-

urban single-lane
roundabouts
-

urban double-lane
roundabouts
-

rural single-lane
roundabouts
-

rural double-lane
roundabouts
-

25 / (15 ,)

25 / (15 ,)

35 / (20 ,)

40 / (25 ,)

40 / (25 ,)

50 / (30 ,)

13-25 (45-80 )

,

10 000

25-30 (80-100 )
,

15 000

30-40 (100-130 )
,

45-55 (150-180 )
,

35-40 (115-130 )


,

55-60 (180-200 )


,

20 000

20 000

5.3.
(
75%)
:
,
15-30 /;
,

5000 $ ;
20%
( ).

.
(. 5.7),
.

http://www.roundabouts.ca
Vail Avon 9
(6
Interstate 70).
Interstate 70-Vail Road 1995 . (. 5.8):
200
5 200 /;
120
2 700 /.
Interstate 70- Avon Road 1997 :
150 ;

3 ;

4 200 /;

5 800 /;
Avon Road
6000, 4300 4900 /.

(. 5.10).

. 5.7. ()
(
- FLORIDA ROUNDABOUT GUIDE).
: 5 ; 4
; 5,7 ;
( -) 10 ;
6 ; ( 15
74

)
. 5.9. . -
(http://www.roundabouts.ca):
Vail Avon
;
Interstate 70-Vail Road, ;
Avon Road.

75

. 5.10. College Street ( . ) [4].


6


. Green Bay (
Brown County, ) 18
, 14
- (. 5.11).

.
:
155 300
;
- 21 69 .

. 5.11. Green Bay Brown


County ( ). :
;

)
)

. 5.12. Brown County ( ):


( 1999 .
);

78

,

. 2001 .

(srossing

guard-

),
Cardinal
Lane-Linevill

Road.

,

.
(.5.12)
5.4.


( ,
)

, ).

.



http://www.alaskaroundabouts.com.
79

(http://www.k-state.edu)
:
: Southport Drive 2001 .; Elmore Road 2004 .; DowlingNew Seward Highway Ramp Intersections 2004; OMalley-C Street 2006
.;
Juneau: Front Street 2001; Douglas Highway- North Douglas Highway
2005 .;
: Fort Wainwright Roundabout 2003 ; University of Alaska
2005 .;
North Pole 2007 .
,

(. ).

Egan Drive - 10th Street
Juneau,
Kittelson & Associates, Inc.
2000 . Juneau 30 700 .
Douglas
2002 . 28 000 /.
10-
38 000 /.
Douglas
Highway-North Douglas Highway,
2005 ..

80

. 5.13. (). Elmore Road, 2004 .;.


. ( - http://www.alaskaroundabouts.com)

. 5.14. . Juneau. Egan Drive - 10th Street


82

. 5.15. . Juneau. Egan Drive - 10th Street

. 5.16. . Juneau. Douglas Highway-North Douglas Highway

84

. 5.15. . Juneau. 2005 . Douglas Highway-North Douglas Highway ( http://www.k-state.edu).



85

. 5.16. . . , 2002 .
Ville de Mont-Tremblant

http://www.roundabouts.ca . [5].

, .
5
1. Florida roundabout guide// Florida department of transportation. October
2003, 109 p.

2. http://www.alaskaroundabouts.com
3. http://www.dot.wisconsin.gov/safety/motorist/roaddesign/roundabout.htm
4. http://www.k-state.edu/roundabouts/
5. http://www.myhamilton.ca/myhamilton/CityandGovernment/CityDepart
ments/PublicWorks/TrafficEngineeringAndOperations/RoadsTrafficMode
rnRoundabout.htm
6. http://www.roundabouts.ca/
7. http://www.roundabouts.net
8. http://www.roundaboutsusa.com
9. http://www.state.ak.us/
10. Lineville road roundabout study//Brown county planning commission.
ovember 2001, 34 p.
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Research Board. National Research Council. Washington, D.C. 2007, 125
p.
12. NCHRP Synthesis 264. Modern Roundabout Practice in the United States
A Synthesis of Highway Practice //Transportation Research Board.
National Research Council. Washington, D.C. 1998, 82 p.
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Engineering, 2005. 22 .
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Publication No FHWARD-00-67. June 2000, 277 .
17. Taekratok T. Modern roundabouts for Oregon//Oregon. Oregon
Department of Transportation, 1998. - 124

87

6. ,

6.1.
,
,
- :
; ; .

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.

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88

tc
( ).

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.
tc ,
.

tc t f t tc 2t f ,
.
, t
i

tc i 1t f t tc it f
1
pi t
0

t t t
t c f
t f

t tc
0

t tc t f t tc
t f

X ,
, X [].

Cp

,
,
.
0

t f 1 (./) 3600t f 1 (./).



.
89



f t e t

(6.1)

- (/), q 3600 ; q-
, /.

,
.

,
.
tp,
.


0,
t t p ,

f t t t p
, t t p ,
e

(6.2)

- ( 6.1), tp -
( ).
,
(,

),


. ,
Covan ( Covans M3 ).
0,
t t p ,

f t
t t p
, t t p ,
e

(6.3)

(..

,
90

Cp

e t c
1 e

t f

(6.4)

(..
, /); tf
, .


Cp

tc t p

1 e

t f

(6.5)

6.2.

1962
. Tanner. :

,
(.. );

(.. ).
,
,
qe

qc tc t p

qc 1 t p qc e
1 e

qc t f

(6.6)

Qe ,
/ ;; qc , /; tc
, ; tp
, ; tf
( ),
91

R.J. Troutbeck (Tanner),


(Covans M3 )

Qe

36001 qc e
1 e

tc t p

(6.7)

t f

Qe , / ;
(
); qc , /; tc
, ;
; tp
, ;

tf

( ),
(6.7)

1 qc .

(6.8)

1 t p qc

, R.J. Troutbeck
(Adams delay).

,

.

d min

tc t p

Qe

t 2p 2t p 2t p
tc

2(t p )
1

(6.9)



d d min

3600kx
1 x

(6.10)

k d min qc 3600 ; x
, (..
92

); Qe
, /.
6.3.



1980 .
Kimber R. M.


Qe F f cQc ,;

(6.11)

Qe , / ;
Qc , /; F, fc ,
.

(6.11)

1
k 1 0,00347 30 0,978 0,05 ;

(6.12)

F 303x2 ;

(6.13)

f c 0,210t D 1 0,2 x2 ;

(6.14)

tD 1

0,5
;
D 60
1 exp

10

x2 v
S

ev
;
1 2S

1,6e v
.
l

(6.15)

(6.16)
(6.17)

93

,
2

6.1.

): v -
; e - ; D -
l - ;
; r -
94

(6.13-6.17) ,
(. 6.1):
v=1,912,5 ;
e=3,6-16,5 ;
D=13,5-171,5 ;
l=1-;
S=0-2,9;
=0-77;
r=3,6-16,5 ;
u, .
6.4.


(6.18)
Qe A e BQc 10000

(6.18)

Qe , / ;
Q , /; A, B ,
.

(. 6.1).
6.1





1
1
2-3
1
2
2
3
2

1089
1200
1553
2018

7,42
7,30
6,69
6,68

95

, .
6.5. ,
Highway Capacity Manual 2000

HCM 2000 [5]


(.. ,
). ,

,
.
Troutbeck R. J. [5].

HCM 2000 [5] . 6.2 .

. 6.2.

HCM 2000 [5]:va -


, ./; vc - , ./
96


ca (./)
ca

vc e vc tc 3600
1 e

vc t f 3600

(6.19)

vc , ../; tc
, ; tf
( ), .

, ,
. 6.2.

. 6.3.
6.2.

tc,

4,1
4,6


tf,
2,6
3,1

. 6.3.

HCM 2000 [5]


97

,
HCM 2000 [5].

: ;
.

c 1130 exp 0,0010vc

(6.20)

c , ./; vc
, ./.
, (6.20)
, .

c A exp Bvc ;

(6.21)

c , ./; -
.

A 3600 t f ;

B tc t f 2 3600 ,
c , ./; vc
, ./; tc , ;
tf (
), .

[5].

ccrit 1130 exp 0,0007vc ,

(6.22)
98

ccrit ,
./; vc , ./;

d () HCM 2000

3600
d
900T x 1
cmx
cmx

vx

cmx

3600 v x

2
cmx cmx
,
1

450T

(6.23)

vx
, / ; cmx
, /; T
( T = 0,25 15 ), .

. 6.4.
( 50% )

L v x d 3600 .

(6.24)


. 95%
Q95 HCM
2000

Q95 900T x 1
cmx

vx

1
cmx

3600 v x

cmx cmx 3600

cmx
450T

(6.25)

99

. 6.4.

HCM 2000

6.6.

10-15
,
.

[3].


t t
n
3600 i 1 i e i 1 i c,i p n
qi

Ck

n
i
3600
t
i 1
1 e i 1 f i
n

(6.26)
100

n (1 2); i

( i
k ); tp
, ; tf
k, ;
qi i
k .
i

qi
.
3600 qi t p

,
(6.26)
Ck

qe

t c t p

t f

1 e

(6.27)

,

1200 1300 /. ,
1200 / ,
.

,
0,85.
6

1. Brilon W. Roundabouts : A State of the Art in Germany. National


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ITE Journal, November 1998, 48-54.
101

3. Capacity and Level of Service at Finnish Unsignalized Intersections//


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1984, vol. 25, no. 5, p. 272274.
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National Research Council, Washington, D.C., U.S.A. 2000, 1134 p.

6. Kimber, R. M., Marlow, M. Hollis, E. M.. Flow/delay relationships for


major/minor priority junctions//Traffic Engineering and Control, 1977,
vol. 18, no. 11, p. 516519.
7. McDonald M., Armitage D.J., The Capacity of Roundabouts//Traffic
Engineering Control, Vol. 19, no 10, pp. 447-450.
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9. Taekratok T. Modern roundabouts for Oregon//Oregon. Oregon
Department of Transportation, 1998. - 124
10. Troutbeck R. J. A review on the process to estimate the Cowan M3
headway distribution parameters. //Traffic Engineering and Control, 1997,
vol. 38, no. 11, p. 600603.
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of Roundabouts//Transportation Research Record 1646, 1998, pp. 5462.
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Engineers Ltd., Lahti , 2003, 96 p.

102

1.

.
2.


.
3. :

( )
;


: ;
; .
4.
-
,

-
,
.
5. ,

.
6.
.
103