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SubwayAdProposal NicoleDoyleandXatziriPonce

EXCELLENTJOBXATZIRI/NICOLE! Objective TheobjectiveofthisproposalistoshowthroughasubwayadvertisementthecausesoftheIsrael Palestineconflictandbywhatmethodtherivalrycancometoanend.Thetragichistoriceventsofthe SuezCrisis,theSixDayWar,theArabIsraeliWar,thePalestineLiberationOrganizationactivities, OsloPeaceAccords,andtheCreationofWestBankBarrierhaveledtothehugeconflictbetweenthe countriestoday.IsraelandPalestinewilleventuallyforgiveeachotherandmakepeaceonceallnations excludetheirinvolvementwiththecountriesandbecomeneutral.

ThispoliticalcartoonismeanttodemonstratetheeventsthatbroughtontheIsraelPalestineconflictand

theUnitedStatesisgoingtoleadthepeacebetweenIsraelandPalestine.BarackObamaproposeshis ideaofallcountriesdisengagingfromtheconflictandallowingIsraelandPalestinetodeciphertheir disputeswhenhestates,Theultimategoalistwostatesfortwopeople.IsraelasaJewishstateandthe homelandfortheJewishpeopleandtheStateofPalestineasthehomelandforthePalestinianpeople eachstateinjoinedselfdetermination,mutualrecognitionandpeace. Target ThisadvertisementisaddressingthosewhoarenotawareofthecausesoftheconflictbetweenIsrael andPalestine.Thecausesoftheconflictaretheeventsfrom1950sthroughnow.Suchas,theSuez Crisis,theSixDayWar,theArabIsraeliWar,thePalestineLiberationOrganizationactivities,Oslo PeaceAccords,andtheCreationofWestBankBarrier.

Also,thecartoonisforwardedtothosewhohavechosenonecountrytosupportinsteadofremaining neutral.TheimagesupportsBarackObamasopiniononwhatwouldhelpthecountriesbeatpeace. ObamabelievesthatwheneveryoneexcludestheirassumptionofIsraelandPalestine,thetwonations willsettletheirissue.Heaimsforallpeopletobeneutralandthelandstobeatpeacewhenhesays, Theultimategoalistwostatesfortwopeople.IsraelasaJewishstateandthehomelandfortheJewish peopleandtheStateofPalestineasthehomelandforthePalestinianpeopleeachstateinjoined selfdetermination,mutualrecognitionandpeace. Issue In547BCE,mostoftheJewishpopulationwereforcedtomoveoutofEuropeintoCentralAsiaand NorthAfrica,whichisknownastheJewishDiaspora.TheMuslimlandsbecamethenewhomefor

someoftheJewishpopulation.Oncethepeoplesettleddown,Muslimsgavethemthechoiceofpaying taxesorbeingkilled.Thenin1896,manyleadersbelievedinrestoringtheJewishreligion.Thiswas becausetheleaderswerecaptivatedonthedeterminationoftheJewishreligiontocontinue,althoughfor manyyearstheyweretortured.TheJewishpeoplewerepromisedthelandofPalestinetorestore themselves.Atthistime,BritainalsopromisedtheArabicpeoplethelandofPalestine,iftheyagreedto becometheiralliance.Yearslater,HitlercameintopowerandmanyJewishpeoplerantoPalestinein ordertoescapethetorturemanyotherswereforcedtoface,whichisknownastheHolocaust. AlthoughArabicpeoplewerelivinginPalestine,manycountriesfeltpityfortheJewishpeopleandso theyweregivenPalestine.AsthepopulationofJewishpeopleinPalestineincreased,theycreatedIsrael astheirhomelandandtookmostofthelandoftheArabicpeopleinwhichmostArabicpeoplewere forcedtomove.ThiscausedIsraeltocontinuetogrowandPalestineslandtodecreaseinsize.

Thefollowingeventshaveledtotheissuethecountrieshavetoday.In1956,Egypthadcontrolofthe SuezCanal,whichIsraelattemptedtogaincontrolof.IsraelsenttheirtroopstotheSuezCanaland quicklydefeatedtheEgyptians,whichisknownastheSuezCrisis.However,theywereforcedbyother countriestogivebackthecanaltoEgypthencethecrisisended.1Secondlyin1967,Israelfelt threatenedbyArabicforcesthustheybombedEgypt,Iran,JordanandSyria,whichisknownastheSix DayWar.ThisgaveIsraeltheopportunitytogaincontroloftheoldcityofJerusalem,theSinai Peninsula,theGolanHeightsandtheWestBank.2Thentowinbacktheirland,ArabsattackedIsrael ontheholiestJewishholiday,YomKipper,whichIsraeltookbysurprise.Arabswereabletogain someofthelandthattheylostduringtheSixDayWar.ButIsraelfoughtagainstArabsandwereableto

gainbacksomeofthelandthattheylostduringtheArabIsraeliWar.Afterweeksoffighting,Israeland Palestinecametoanagreementofpeace,whichseemedtobeabigstepintherightdirection.3 Howeverin1970,YasirArafatformedthePalestineLiberationOrganization(P.L.O),whichwasanew techniquetogainingtheirlandbackfromIsraelthismadeIsraelfeelthreatenedandattacked Palestine.4Althoughthesetwocountrieshavefoughtforyears,in1991theleaderofIsraelandEgypt metonseveraloccasionstodiscusspeacebetweenthetwonations.Aftertwoyears,theleadersofthe countriesmetandsignedtheDeclarationofPrinciplesknownastheOsloAccords.Thisagreement gavethePalestinianscontroloftheGazaStripandtheWestBankuntilaJewishextermistmurdereda Palestineruler,whichdevelopedtheconflictonceagain.5Since1993,Israelhastakenmoreof PalestineslandbybuildingtheWestBankBarrierbetweenthecountries.In2013,theWestBank BarrierstillseparatesthecountriesandIsraelandPalestinehavenotdecidedonapeacetreaty.6The newapproachtoendingtherivalrywasmadebythepresidentoftheUnitedStates,BarackObama.He claimsifallcountriesallowIsraelandPalestinetosolvetheissuebetweenthemselvesthatthecountries willagreetopeacesooner.Theultimategoalistwostatesfortwopeople.IsraelasaJewishstateand thehomelandfortheJewishpeopleandtheStateofPalestineasthehomelandforthePalestinian peopleeachstateinjoinedselfdetermination,mutualrecognitionandpeace,saysBarackObama.7
_________________________________________________________________________________________ 1."SuezCanal."EncyclopediaofEspionage,IntelligenceandSecurity.Ed.K.LeeLernerandBrendaWilmoth Lerner.Vol.3.Detroit:Gale,2004.127128.WorldHistoryInContext.Web.30Apr.2013. 2.Herzog,Chaim."SixDayWar."EncyclopaediaJudaica.Ed.MichaelBerenbaumandFredSkolnik.2nded.Vol.18. Detroit:MacmillanReferenceUSA,2007.648655.WorldHistoryInContext.Web.1May2013. 3."ArabIsraeliWar,1973."TheColdWar19451991.Gale,1992.WorldHistoryInContext.Web.1May2013. 4.Mattar,Philip."PalestineLiberationOrganization(PLO)."EncyclopediaoftheModernMiddleEastandNorth Africa.Ed.PhilipMattar.2nded.Vol.3.NewYork:MacmillanReferenceUSA,2004.17721776.WorldHistoryIn Context.Web.1May2013. 5."TheOsloAccords."MiddleEastConflict.SoniaG.Benson.Ed.JenniferStock.2nded.Vol.3:PrimarySources. Detroit:U*X*L,2012.95104.WorldHistoryInContext.Web.1May2013.

6."IsraeliPalestinianRelations:1973to2011."MiddleEastConflict.SoniaG.Benson.Ed.JenniferStock.2nded. Vol.1:Almanac.Detroit:U*X*L,2012.137164.WorldHistoryInContext.Web.1May2013. 7.Currentnewsrelatingtoconflict(NYTimes/TheEconomistfrom2012forward)

Bibliography: Nicole 1.SuezCrisisof1956IsraeltriestogaincontroloftheSuezCanal SourceCitation "SuezCanal."EncyclopediaofEspionage,IntelligenceandSecurity.Ed.K.LeeLernerandBrenda WilmothLerner.Vol.3.Detroit:Gale,2004.127128.WorldHistoryInContext.Web.30Apr. 2013. DocumentURL http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=& prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Referen ce&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_withi n_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX3403300727&u serGroupName=nypl&jsid=e2aebe2f418041931bb672d8c0c76301 2.SixDayWar(1967)Israelgainedmoreland SourceCitation Herzog,Chaim."SixDayWar."EncyclopaediaJudaica.Ed.MichaelBerenbaumandFredSkolnik.2nd ed.Vol.18.Detroit:MacmillanReferenceUSA,2007.648655.WorldHistoryInContext.Web.1 May2013. DocumentURL http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=& prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Referen ce&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_withi n_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX2587518678&u serGroupName=nypl&jsid=3afdea794fe998458ce1a8b42e99f5fc 3.1973ArabIsraeliWar(a.k.aYomKippurWar,RamadanWarorOctoberWar)Arabattacked

Israeltoreceivetheirlandback SourceCitation "ArabIsraeliWar,1973."TheColdWar19451991.Gale,1992.WorldHistoryInContext.Web.1 May2013. DocumentURL http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=& prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Referen ce&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_withi n_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CBT1605203007&us erGroupName=nypl&jsid=d0d403ba0a25a816173ff218a73a0fb7 4.P.L.Oactivitiesin1970spresentPalestineLiberationOrganizationsarmybecamestrongeragainst Israel SourceCitation "ThePalestinianNationalCharter."MiddleEastConflictReferenceLibrary.Ed.SaraPendergast,Ralph G.Zerbonia,andTomPendergast.Vol.3:PrimarySources.Detroit:UXL,2006.6981.World HistoryInContext.Web.1May2013. DocumentURL http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/PrimarySourcesDetailsPage/PrimarySourcesDetailsWindow?failOverType= &query=&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupNam e=PrimarySources&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source =&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX3 447800078&userGroupName=nypl&jsid=828673aceb420222b8a754fb6b772a4e 5.OsloAccords1993IsraelsandPalestinesprimemininstermetandcompromised SourceCitation "OsloAccords."DictionaryoftheIsraeliPalestinianConflict.Vol.2.Detroit:MacmillanReference USA,2005.341.WorldHistoryInContext.Web.1May2013. DocumentURL http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=& prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Referen ce&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_withi n_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX3434400800&u serGroupName=nypl&jsid=736bdfaaa86477c586819f3a81fc1eee 6.CreationofWestBankBarrier(mid1990spresent)IsraelgainedmorelandfromPalestineby buildingawall SourceCitation

"IsraeliPalestinianRelations:1973to2011."MiddleEastConflict.SoniaG.Benson.Ed.JenniferStock. 2nded.Vol.1:Almanac.Detroit:U*X*L,2012.137164.WorldHistoryInContext.Web.1May 2013. DocumentURL http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=& prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Referen ce&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_withi n_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX4021100017&u serGroupName=nypl&jsid=e6628e583f51200adca4cc437357be32 7.Currentnewsrelatingtoconflict(NYTimes/TheEconomistfrom2012forward)BarackObama speaksabouthisopiniononhowIsraelandPalestinecansolvetheirissue AThresholdTestforBothSidesifPeaceHasaChance,DavidMakovsky http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/03/27/whatcanobamaaccomplishinthemiddleeast/a thresholdtestforisraelisandpalestiniansifpeaceistohaveachance http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/ForeignPolicy/2011/0522/ObamatoAIPACIwontbackdowno nIsraelPalestineborderissue

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e=PrimarySources&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source =&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX2 560000147&userGroupName=nypl&jsid=993c11d251c1db5811a08febca009983 3.1973ArabIsraeliWar(a.k.aYomKippurWar,RamadanWarorOctoberWar)


SourceCitation

"ConflictintheMiddleEastafterthe1967ArabIsraeliWar."MiddleEastConflict.SoniaG.Benson. Ed.JenniferStock.2nded.Vol.3:PrimarySources.Detroit:U*X*L,2012.5760.WorldHistoryIn Context.Web.1May2013. DocumentURL http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=& prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Referen ce&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_withi n_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX4021100083&u serGroupName=nypl&jsid=b850bde2b4b30a5b4b72ace3413e5c82 4.P.L.Oactivitesin1970spresent SourceCitation Mattar,Philip."PalestineLiberationOrganization(PLO)."EncyclopediaoftheModernMiddleEastand NorthAfrica.Ed.PhilipMattar.2nded.Vol.3.NewYork:MacmillanReferenceUSA,2004. 17721776.WorldHistoryInContext.Web.1May2013. DocumentURL http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=& prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Referen ce&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_withi n_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX3424602110&u serGroupName=nypl&jsid=e9597c88025447d5bf42f0a30aa511c9 5.OsloAccords1993 SourceCitation "TheOsloAccords."MiddleEastConflict.SoniaG.Benson.Ed.JenniferStock.2nded.Vol.3:Primary Sources.Detroit:U*X*L,2012.95104.WorldHistoryInContext.Web.1May2013. DocumentURL http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&

prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Referen ce&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_withi n_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CCX4021100088&u serGroupName=nypl&jsid=8b8962e05539c5500a1925eb6539ac87 6.CreationofWestBankBarrier(mid1990spresent): FiveBrokenCameras.Dic.EmadBurnat,GuyDavidi.Prod.ChristineCamdessus,SergeGordey, EmadBurnat,GuyDavidi.2011,A.M.P.A.S,May,30,2013. 7.Currentnewsrelatingtoconflict(NYTimes/TheEconomistfrom2012forward) IsraelandPalestiniansAgreeonU.N.WorkinJerusalem,StevenErlanger http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/24/world/europe/israelandpalestiniansreachdealonunesco.html? _r=0