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.

1.

(MOSFET - Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor). ,
1930 , 20
. 50- ,
, , 70- .

- .

. ,
, ,
.

2.
.
, ,
.
, ,
.
, ,
. ,

/ .

n+
20-200 , .
+
p

,
n -
. -,
n +

-
(a)

.
,

. , , ,
+
n
n+
, ,
p
p
.

-
n -
-
n +

. ,
(b) V-


.

- ,

,
n+
n+

p
n
.

RDS(on),
p

. p-n
(b)

2,2mV/C,
. 1

0.7%/C 1%/C, ,
, .
- , ,
- , ,
, ,
. ,
. - 30% - .


,
, . 1.
1970- ,
.
.

V- (Trench ). ,
-
, , .
, .
-
. ,
, DC-DC .
,
, .

, , ,
.
Spice / Saber , ,
. , ,
.

DRAIN
DRAIN
GATE

DRAIN
GATE
GATE

SOURSE

SOURSE
SOURSE

(a)

(b)

(c)

. 2
,
, . ,
, .
. 2 , ,
. . 2a
, .
, .
2

. 2b ,
. -
(
) - . ,
.
-
.
. 2c .
, .
, .


.
( 10 60 )
( 20 200 ), .
. 2, , ,
, , ,
, .
,
. , CGS CGD ,
, CDS .
CGS ,
,
.
CGS -
.
,
:

C GD

C GD,0
1 + K1 VDS

CDS ,
, :

C DS

C DS,0
1 + K 2 VDS

,
, CISS ,
CRSS COSS :
CGD = CRSS
CGS = CISS - CRSS
CDS = COSS - CRSS
, CGD
.
, - . ,
:

C GDeqv = (1 + g fs R L ) C GD
CGD CDS , , ,
. ,

.
:
CGD, ave = 2 C RSS,spec

VDS,spec

C OSS, ave = 2 COSS,spec

VDS,spec

VDS,off

VDS, off

- , RG,I.
,
,
, , .
, , ,
.
, RG,I -
. , 4,
.
, , VTH, . ,
+25 , 250.
,
. - -
VTH, -7/.
(Logic Level MOSFET),
VTH .
, VTH

. F.
,
, , ,
,
. , gfs,
:

g fs =

dI D
dVGS

, :

I D = ( VGS VTH ) gfs


VGS, :

I
VGS, Miller = VTH + D
gfs
, (LS) (LD),
. , LS LD
, .
( ), ,
, ..
, ,
, ,
, .

3.
,
,
.
,
; .
,
,

.

. 3,
-

. ,
,
( ).

IDC

RGATE

+
V OUT
-

V DRV

. 3

ID

V DRV
D
. 4,
CGD

CDS
RGATE
RHI
RG,I
.
G

CGS
IG
0 VTH.

S
CGS,
CGD (

CGD ).
,
,
.
VGS

, .
VTH

VTH , VGS,Miller.
-
.
IG
, ,
CGS CGD ,
,
VDS,off.
, . 3.
VDS
,

,
.
,
ID
VGS,Miller ,
,
. ,
,
1
2
3
4
.
. ,
,
. 4
CGD
-.
, IDC.

- .
VGS,Miller VRDV,

CGS CGD. , - ,
.

ID
V DRV
D
,
. 5,
CGD
, ,
CDS
RLO
RGATE
RG,I
.
G
,
CGS
IG
IDC,

S
RDC(on).
,
,
CISS
.
CGS CGD.
V GS
, (-
V TH
).
,
, -
IG
IDRDS(on)
,
,
.
CGD,
,
V DS
. ,
VDRV,
. ,
IDC . 3.

ID

.
VGS,Miller VTH,
CGS, CGD
1
2
3
4

.

, ,
. 5
.

, "" .
, , .
( CGS)
.
, ,
,
, .
.
,
. ,
, .
, ,
.

VGS , - (V)


.
, -
. ,

CISS, ,
VDRV,
-.

. 6.

- (- ,
), .
,
:

V DRV

V DS
QG
Q G , (nC)

PGATE = VDRV Q G f DRV ,

. 6

VDRV - , fDRV -
, .
, QG fDRV
.
. 4 5, ,

- ,
. ,
. 4 5,
:

PDRV, ON =

1 R HI VDRV QG f DRV

2
R HI + R GATE + R G, I

PDRV, OFF =

1 R LO VDRV Q G f DRV

2
R LO + R GATE + R G, I

PDRV = PDRV,ON + PDRV,OFF


, ,
.
, ,
. ,
;
,
.
,
,
( ), .
, ,
2 3 , ,
VTH VGS,Miller.
:
( , ) .
( VDRV) , ,
. 5,
Logic Level - 2,5,
,
, .

,
, 2 3.
:

I G2 =

I G3 =

VDRV 0.5 ( VGS, Miller + VTH )


R HI + R GATE + R G.I

VDRV VGS, Miller


R HI + R GATE + R G.I

, IG2 VTH VGS,Miller, IG3


CRSS VDS(off) , 2 3:

t 2 = C ISS

VGS, Miller VTH


IG2

t 3 = C RSS

VDS, off
I G3

t2 VDS(off), IL, t3
VDS(off) .
, ( ):

P2 =

t2
I
VDS, off L
T
2

P3 =

VDS, off
t3
IL
T
2

PSW =

VDS( off ) I L
2

t2 + t3
T

, ,
.
, ,
.
, - ,
, . - ,
.


.


.


. ,
,
.

.

RG

V DRV

LS
CISS

. 7

, . 4 5,
. , , , ..
/ . , CISS
, . 7.
,
, . ,
, LS CISS, ( )
,
- .
RGATE, :
R GATE,OPT = 2

LS
( R DRV + R G , I )
C ISS

,
. , ,
.

. 2
3 . VTH
VGS,Miller, , VDRV-VGS.
, .
, , , .
, -
.
- -
. ( , ).
, ,
.
LDdi/dt. ,
. LD, ,
.
, , VDS(off),
.

4.


V DRV (VBIAS )
,
VCC
- , . 8.
CDRV

, . 8
RGATE

OUT
.

-
GND
,
,
!

. ,
. 8

, -
,

. -
- 1,
9

"" .
, , , ,
. (
),
.
,
.
, , 0,1 1.
.

1.

.
, , ,
.
, . , .
, ,
,
, , :

VQ =

I Q, HI D MAX
C DRV f DRV

- .
,
, .
. , :
VQG =

QG
C DRV

, CDRV,
:

C DRV =

I Q, HI

D MAX
+ QG
f DRV
,
V

IQ,HI - , DMAX -
, fDRV - QG -
.
2.
,

,
,
.


.
. 9,
n-p-n ,
.
n-p-n
.

,
.
.
, -

VDRV
VCC
-

R GATE

OUT

GND
!

. 9

10

, .
-
, .
, ,
, .

VBIAS
V DRV

R
VCC

, . 10.
,
RB
R GATE
,
OUT

. ,
( )
,
GND

!

.
,
.
. 10

n-p-n
p-n-p .
. .
RGATE . 10 , RB
.

. , , , RGATE ,
VBIAS+VBE GND-VBE
.
.


,
,
VBIAS
V DRV
. 11. ,
R
,
VCC
.
,
R GATE

OUT
,

. . 11

GND

!
,

,

. 11
,
,

. ,
.

, .
,
, . ,
(. . 3),
11

.
, ,
. ,
, VDRV,
( )
. ,
.
. ,
.
, , .
/
.
, -
,
, .
1. ,

-
, .
12.
,
- .
(,
) ,
RGATE.
DOFF ,
.
, :

V DRV

VCC

GATE

OUT

D OFF
GND

. 12
IG >

VD, FWD
R GATE

, (, 1N4148), 150mA,
, BAS40 - 300mA. ,
- .
, .
- - ,
.
2. p-n-p
,

V DRV
p-n-p , . 13.

QOFF
VCC
, ; RGATE,
DON
, , DON
R
QOFF.
GATE
OUT
Q
, DON QOFF
OFF

.

GND

-
,
- .
. 13 p-n-p
;

,
,
. QOFF

12

-
, , , .
, /.
(. . 10),
n-p-n .
GND-0.7V VDRV+0.7V ,
.
-
- .
3. n-p-n

, . 14,

V DRV
R GATE
DON

. n-p-n
VCC

,
. , ,

OUT
Q OFF
,
.
Q INV
,
-
GND

(,

QINV ).
,
. 14
n-p-n
,

,
QINV

, .


V DRV

n-
VCC
, . 15,
R
GATE

OUT
.

Q OFF

OUT
. RGATE
,
GND


. ,
,
. 15

COSS


CISS .
. , ,
, "" ,
.
4.

dv/dt
,
. ,
.
:

13

R GS <

VTH dt

CGD dv TURN ON

dt/dv
-
.
,
. , .
, .
"" -
.
, , - ,
.
dv/dt . ,
,
-. , .. ,
:

V 0.007 ( TJ 25)
dv
= TH

dt
R G, I C GD
LIMIT
VTH - 25, -0,007 - , RG,I
- CGD - - .
, , ,
. ,
,
:

R MAX =

VTH 0.007 (TJ 25) dv


,

C GD
dt MAX

RMAX=RLO+RGATE+RG,I.
,
. ,
.
25, .
, ,
, RGATE
. , p-n-p
(. . 13) .
p-n-p ,
dv/dt:

VTH 0.007 (TJ 25)


dv
=
dt
+ R LO
R
R G, I + GATE
C GD

dv/dt
, . ,
,
.

14

5.
,
,
Q FW
,
Q SR
. n-
,
IL
V

,
. -
, CDS CGD
.


. 16

,
- .
,
.
. 16 - QSR.
,
, - QFW.
, .
-
.
, . , ,
.
, .
-
20 80 - , .

,
. , , ,
. ,
CGD CDS ; -
. ,
CGD CDS VDRV.
:
CGD,SR = 2 C RSS.SPEC

VDS,SPEC
0.5 VDRV

, :
Q Q,SR = (C GS + C GD,SR ) VDRV

, . ,
, ,
. , .

, -
.
.
, ,
. ,
CGD , .
. 17 .
,
.

15


. 17

. ,

.
Q FW
QSR
Q SR
QFW.
V
IL
QFW
, QFW
R LO,SR
.

CRSS
.
QFW .
,
, QSR
Q FW
.
Q SR

V
IL

.
R LO,SR
.
,
QFW.
QFW
, QSR
. 17
.

CRSS

.
,
. ,
, (, ,
). ,
dv/dt .
:
VDRV VGS, PLATEAU ( FW )
dv
=
dt TURN ON ( FW ) ( R HI( FW ) + R GATE( FW) + R G , I ( FW ) ) C RSS( FW )

VTH (SR )
dv
=
dt MAX (SR ) ( R LO(SR ) + R GATE(SR ) + R G , I(SR ) ) C RSS(SR )

dv
dv
<
dt TURN ON ( FW ) dt MAX (SR )
, ,
, ,
:
R LO(SR )
R HI ( FW )

VTH (SR )
VDRV VGS, PLATEAU ( FW )

, , 10V,
0,417,

. , , VDRV,
, .
16

6.
,
(n- p-), - ,
(bootstrap). , ,
, :




dv/dt




p-
p- .
,
.
, p-
, . ,
.

p-

,

,
. ,
, . 19.
,
.


.

.
ROFF RGATE ,

V DRV =V IN
VCC
-

1. p-
p-
- ,
. 18 -
,
-
.
- DC-DC
12. ,
- , ,
,

p-
.
n .
,


. ,

,
, .

GATE

OUT

GND

. 18 p-

2.

VDRV

V IN

VCC
R

OFF

R
OUT

GATE

GND

. 19

17

. ,
(, , ).
dv/dt
. , ,
.
. 20
,
V BIAS
V IN
,
VCC
R1
.

QINV,
,
-
R GATE
R2
.
OUT

RB
R2 RGATE, ,
Q INV
, .
,
GND
,
. ,

,


. 20
.
, ,
(- )
(- ):
V D MAX
PDRIVE = Q G VDRV f DRV + IN
R1 + R 2

, VDRV
- R1R2,
.
QINV, . ,
, R2 QINV.
, .
R1 -
, , . ,

, , . , QINV
, R1 .
- dv/dt
.
, ,
. ,
,
.
n-
n-
- , .
,

. n-
.
1. n-
"" (
), . :
VDRV < VGS,MAX
VIN < VDRV - VGS,Miller
18

p-nV DRV
V IN
p . 21.

VCC
,

.
R
GATE

OUT
,
,

.
GND

-.
,
. 21 n-

,
.
,
- p-n .
. CGD
.
-
, , .
, ,
.
n2
1

-
. . 22
L
S
.
V IN

3
-
.
L
D
,
, . ,
,
.

, - ,
- .

V DRV
CGD .

1
0,7,
.
,
V IN+V GS,Miller
,

1
,
,
.
V IN

1
-


,
.
V GS=

1 + 1
,
. 21. :
,
. 22 n-
,


19

. , ,

.
, . 21.
p-n-p , VBE,
.
, ,
,
0,7. ,
VTH, .

-
, . ,
n- . ,
.
, .
,
,
.

2.

V DRV D
V IN

BST
. 23.
C
BST
- ,
VCC
,
R
GATE
.
Q
LS
VOUT
QBST, R1, R2

QLS.

OUT

,

CBST,
GND

RGATE.

. 23

12 24 ,
, . ,
. , n , .

.
. , QLS
, R1 ,
.
CBST. , , DBST
QLS .
,
QLS. R1 R2,
. , ,
. CBST ,
, DBST,
CBST VDRV.

20

3.

V DRV
V IN
, 24- 48-
-
,
- ,
VCC
. 24.
D
BST
, 600,
VBST

R
GATE
OUT
(
), ,
C
BST
SRC
,
.
GND
,


-

. 24
0,5
.
V BST

" " (pulsed latch), . 25.


R Q
,
-
OUTH

S Q
,
,
. ,

SRC
,

,

. 25 Pulsed Latch

.
,
. - .
600- 120;
. -
+
.
( 100) ,
.
4.
n- . 26.
n-
, .

. ,
, ,
, CISS RGATE.
- ,
"" ( SRC VS),
.

21

V DRV

VCC
C DRV

OUT

IN

GND

V IN

BST

VCC

VB
C BST
R
OUT

GATE

VS

GND

. 26

,
. "" CBST , ""
- VDRV,
VDRV,
. , ,
, , , ,
.
, . 27.
SRC ,
SRC
. RGATE
V DRV
V IN
-
- -, ,

, -,


VCC
D

BST
.
VBST

OUT

.
C
R
BST
GATE
SRC
,

GND
.

- CBST
RGATE,
CBST ,
. 27 SRC

.

22

5.

V BIAS

V DRV

V IN

BST

C IN

VCC
C BIAS

C DRV

VCC

VB

C BST
R

OUT

IN

GND

OUT

VS

GND

GATE

V OUT

C OUT

. 28
. 28 .
- CBST,
.
: (QG),
(QRR) (ILK,D) DBST, (IQ,LS),
(IQ,DRV) (IGS) ( ,
). ,
- .

UBST .

C BST =

Q G + Q RR + I BST
U BST

D MAX
f DRV ,

IBST=ILK,D+IQ,LS+IQ,DRV+IGS

CBST
.
, CBST
.
,
. (t ON,MAX)
. CBST :
C BST, MIN =

Q G + Q RR + I BST t ON , MAX
,
VBST VUVLO

VBST - , VUVLO -
. ,
,
.
,
, .
CBST ,
.
:
C BST, MIN =

Q G + ( I LK , D + I Q, LS + I Q, DRV ) t OFF, MAX


VBST VUVLO

23

V BIAS

V DRV

V IN

BST

D START

R START

C IN

VCC
C BIAS

C DRV

VCC

VB

C BST

DZ
R

OUT

IN

GATE

OUT

GND

V OUT

VS

C OUT

GND

. 29
, ,
. CBST
, ,
.
.

RSTART, DSTART DZ, . 29.
DZ
, RSTART
- .

VCC

V IN

VCC

IN

OUT

GND

V BIAS

VB

R
OUT

GATE

VS

GND

VCC

OUT2

OUT1

V IN

VCC

HI

V BIAS

6.


n-
.
(.
28)
.

. ,

,
.
-

,
""
, RGATE,

.

CGS

""
, RGATE
,
.
CGD
:
RGATE, ""
,
, ,
CIN.

LI

R
HO

GATE

VS

LO

GND
GND

VB

COM

. 30
24

.
-
. , , VS
( ). CBST
DBST CDRV,
. "" ""
. , , CDRV ,
CBST. .
"" ,
,
. . 30
.
, , ,
.
-
.
/ ,
( GND)
(COM). -
COM "" .
-
.
, (CBIAS . 28),
.
, ,
- CDRV CBST.

7. ,


V DRV
-
VCC

. 31 ,
+V DRV
V DRV -V CL

-VCL VDRV-VCL,
0V
-V CL
VDRV.
OUT
VCL C
C
,
I C,AVE =0
-V
R
CC.
CL
SG

-
GND


. ,
. 31
-
.
- CC RGS.
RGS - ,
. ,
- CC .

RGS. .
( CC ), RGS
, . ,
CC , :

V
VC
D
QC,ON = QG + DRV

R GS
f DRV

25

, CC :

VC 1 D

R GS f DRV

,
,
VC:
VC = VDRV D

,
.
. 32 ,

, .
,
,
RGS.
. 32.

, .

.

DC
(VCL / VDRV ) C

Q C, OFF = Q G +

0.8

0.6

0.4

V CL
V DRV

0.2

0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8

. 32


, ,
, VC
. ,
.
CC :

VC =

QG ( VDRV VC ) D
+
CC C C R GS f DRV

, VC = D VDRV CC,
:

CC =

QG
V
(1 D ) D
+ DRV
VC VC R GS f DRV

, D=0.5. ,
10% VDRV .

C CC , RGS.
.
.
, VC
, VC
CC RDS. ,
, .
:

CC =

QG
V
(1 D ) D
+ DRV
VC VC R GS f DRV

= R GS C C
R GS =

CC
26

RGS , D=0.5 VC=0.1VDRV,


:

C C, MIN =

20 Q G f DRV
VDRV ( 2 f DRV 5)

CC,MIN, RGS. ,
RGS
, -
.

8.

"" , , .
, ,
. , ,
.
. , ,
(, , ).
,
.
, , .
, - .
,
.
. "flyback"
. ,
-
.
.
.
,
,
.
, .
,
,
- .
,
,

.
.
(, )
, B - H .

. ,
.

(. 33) -
. CC,
, -
, .
CC ,
, :
VC = D VDRV

27

V DRV
VCC
+V DRV
-

LC ,

CC.

RC,
.

0V

V DRV -V C

-V C

VC
-

OUT
R

LM
RC 2
CC

GS

GND

, RC

- .
, RC

,
.

, LC

,
.
, VC
- ,
RGS (
). ,


:

2 f DRV L M R GS CC
2 f DRV L M + R GS

. 33

VOUT
VT
IM

IR


IG

. . 34
IOUT
.

.
,
I OUT


, (,

. 34



.
,
.

.
, ,
. 33 ,
. ,
, - .
.

28

V DRV
VCC
+V DRV
-

.
35

.
CC2
DC2.
,

. 31.

V DRV -V C

0V

-V C
+

RC

-V D

VC -VD

VC
OUT

V DRV -V D

C C1

C C2
D

C2
GS

GND




. 35
.

CC2

- :
, RGS .

1.

C C2 =

VDC2, FW ) D MAX
(V
QG
+ DRV
VC2
VC2 R GS f DRV

CC2 ,
.. .

, CC1 :

C C1 =

( VDRV VDC2, FW ) D
QG
VDRV ( D 2 D 3 )
+
+
2
VC1
VC1 R GS f DRV
4 VC1 L M f DRV

,
. ,
,
. ,
0,6 0,8.
,
VC1+VC2. ,
, .
2.
- "" .
, ,
. ,
. ,
, -
.
,
. , , ,
.
- .
,
, , , .
, .
, RM, P , .
- ,
. , ;
, .

29

, ,
:
1
V TR * t
V DRV * T DRV

V t ,
N P = TR
B A e

0.8

VTR - , B -
0.6

t, Ae - .

0.4

. . 36


0.2
- .

0,5.
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
,


- ,
. 36
.


, , . ,
, .
, ,
.

.

. , , ,
.

. - (P, RM ),
, "" (
) , , "" .
.
,
"" -
.

3.

,
,
. 37 38
.
. 37 ,
. .

. ,

.
, -
.
CC2 DC2 ,
. DC2
. .
,
.
, .
, ,
.

30

V DRV
VCC

+V DRV

V DRV -V C

0V

-V C
VC
+

OUT
RC

V DRV -2 * V D

VC -VD
-

CC1

C C2

GND

. 37 - 1
V DRV

VCC


V DRV -2 * V D

PWM
AM

OSC

GND

. 38 - 2
(. 38)
, ,
. . 38
,
.
,
- ,
.
V DRV

V IN

VCC
R GATE



-
,
.
(. 39).

. ,
,

.


.

.
.


.

OUTA

R GATE
OUTB

GND

. 39

31

, ,
.
(DA DB) :

I DC =

VDRV
(DA DB )
2 R EQV

DA=0.33 DB=0.31 ( 6%!), VDRV=12V


REQV=5 .
24mA 3mW.

. VDRV ,
. ,
.

9.

. :

, .
-
, ,
-

.

, .

, , ,
, , ,
..
- , ,
. .
,
.
, ,
,
.
( )
.
,
.

.
, ,



.


,


- , .
.

32

, ,
. , ,
. ,

, A - E,
. F
. ,
, , .

33

A

.
( CGS,
CGD, CDS, , , , ,
) IRFP450.
.

V DRV

VDS,off
ID
D
IRFP450

CGD
RHI
R GATE

CDS

RG,I
G

RLO
CGS
S

:
VDS,OFF = 380V
ID = 5A
TJ = 100C
VDRV = 13V
RGATE = 5
RLO = LHI = 5

A1
IRFP450 :
CISS

Input Capacitance

2600

COSS

Output Capacitance

720

CRSS

Reverse Transfer Capacitance

340

pF

VGS = 0V
VDS = 25V
f = 1.0MHz

C RSS,AVE = 2 C RSS,SPEC

VDS,SPEC
VDS,off

C RSS,AVE = 2 340pF

25V
= 174pF
380V

COSS,AVE = 2 COSS,SPEC

VDS,SPEC
VDS,off

C RSS,AVE = 2 720pF

25V
= 369pF
380V

:
CGD = CRSS,AVE

CGD = 174pF

CGS = CISS - CRSS

CGS = 2600pF - 340pF = 2260pF

CDS = COSS,AVE - CRSS,AVE

CDS = 369pF - 174pF = 195pF

, CGS .
, . ,
CGS , , CGD CDS
.
, .

A2

, - .
IRFP450:
QG

Total Gate Charge

150

QGS

Gate-to-Source Charge

20

QGD

Gate-to-Drain ("Miller") Charge

80

nC

ID = 14A
VDS = 400V
VGS = 10V

VGS , Gate-to-Sourse Voltage (volts)


20
-
VDS = 400V
I D = 14A

VDS = 400V
16
VDS = 400V
( ).

13V
- (13V)
12
(
, -
8
),
.
4

,
0
. -
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140

Q G, Total Gate Charge (nC)
122nC
,
. ,

A1 CRSS,AVE.
, , -

-.

3.
, ,
.
- VTH gfs.
IRFP450 :
VGS(th)

Gate Threshold Voltage

2.0

4.0

VDS=VGS, ID=250A

gfs

Forward Transconductance

9.3

VDS = 50V, ID=8.4A

, ,
.

.

I D2
I D , Drain Current (amps)


-.
,
,
-.

. ,
-
- , - . ,
VGS1 VGS2
.

150 C

10

25 C
I D1
0

10

VDS = 50V

150 :

20us PULSE WIDTH


4

ID1 = 3A
VGS1 = 4.13V
ID2 = 20A
VGS2 = 5.76V

V GS1

V GS2

10

V GS Gate-to-Sourse Voltage (volts)

I D1 = K ( VGS1 VTH ) 2
I D 2 = K ( VGS2 VTH ) 2

VTH =

K=

VGS1 I D2 VGS2 I D1
I D 2 I D1

I D1

K=

( VGS1 VTH ) 2

VGS, Miller = VTH +

VTH =

I LOAD
K

4.13V 20A 5.76V 3A


= 3.175V
20A 3A

3A
(4.13V 3.175V) 2

VGS, Miller = 3.157V +

= 3.169

5A
= 4.413V
3.169

150 - .
100
:
VADJ = (TJ 150C) TC

VADJ = (100C 150C) 0.007 = +0.35V


C

A4.
, -
RG,I.
.
, , .
,
.
RG,I
. -, ESR .
, , Rs-Cs
(, , Rs-Cs-Ls).
RG,I, CISS .
IRFP450 HP4194
RG,I=1.6. 12.9nH,
- 5.85nF.

A5.
-.
- , ,
-. ,
. .
,
CGD CGS. ,
-:
IRFP450

VGS = VDS

CGD
C GS + CGD

CGD

VGS<VTH, .
-
:

CGS
S

, ,
,
.
,
.
- -
,
.

RG,I -
CGD. , dv/dt
:

IRFP450
D
CGD

RG,I

dv/dt

CDS

dv/dt

CGS
S

,
-
, ,
.
,
,
.

-


.


-.
100
.

CDS

VTH
dv
=
dt N LIMIT R G, I CGD

VTH
=
dt LIMIT ( R G, I + R GATE + R LO ) C GD

dv/dt

C + C GD
VDS, MAX VTH GS
C GD

dv

CDS

RG,I

IRFP450
D
CGD

RGATE

RG,I
G

RLO
CGS
S

1: , dv/dt:
C + CGD
VDS, MAX = ( VTH + VADJ ) GS
CGD

VDS, MAX = (3.157 V + 0.35V)

2600pF
= 26.82V
340pF

2: dv/dt :
V + VADJ
dv
= TH
dt N LIMIT
R G, I C GD

dv
3.175V + 0.35V
kV
= 6.4
=
dt N LIMIT
1.6 340pF
s

3: dv/dt :
VTH + VADJ
dv
=
dt LIMIT ( R G, I + R GATE + R LO ) C GD

dv
3.175 + 0.35
V
=
= 889
dt LIMIT (1.6 + 5 + 5) 340pF
s


.
, ,
. .
:

V IN
,

.
V DRV
V BIAS

VCC

GATE
OUT
.
!

,
GND
-
!

.
- ,
- .
.
,
CGD.
IRFP450 MIC4423.
2.5mA,
. 100, 0.7.
12, 300.
115nC. 5%
12 0.6. :

C BYPASS =

D MAX
+ QG
f DRV
V

2.5mA

0.7
+ 115nC
100kHz
= 221nF
0.6V



.
,
.
. ,


,
D=0.7.

500
(nF)

C BYPASS =

I Q, HI

400

300

200

10

100
(kHz)

1000



IRF1310N IR2125
48. .

V BIAS

V DRV

V IN

BST

C IN

VCC
C BIAS

C DRV

VCC

VB

C BST
RGATE

OUT

IN

QM

OUT

V OUT
RGS

GND
GND

VS

C OUT

:
VIN,MAX = 65V
VDRV = 12V
VBST = 0.5V
VBST,MAX = 3V
fDRV = 100kHz
DMAX = 0.9

TOFF,TR = 400s
TON,TR = 200s



CBST
CBST

-

-

:
QG = 85nC
RGS = 5.1K
IR = 10A
VF = 0.6V
ILK = 0.13mA
IQBS = 1mA

IRF1310 VDRV = 12V VDS = 65V


RGS
DBST
TJ = 80C
DBST 0.1A TJ = 80C

TJ = 100C
,

V
VF D MAX
I R + I LK + I QBS + DRV

+ QG
R GS
f DRV
C BST ,1 =
VBST

,
:
12 V 0.6V
0.9

+ 85nC
10A + 0.13mA + 1mA +

5.1K
100kHz
C BST,1 =
= 231nF
0.5V

( )
.
, ,
. ,
. ,
. , , :

V
VF
I R + I LK + I QBS + DRV
t OFF, TR + Q G
R

GS

C BST,2 =
VBST, MAX

:
12 V 0.6V

10A + 0.13mA + 1mA +


400s + 85nC
5.1K

C BST,1 =
= 478nF
3V

, 200s
. ,
:

V
VF
I R + I LK + I QBS + DRV
t ON, TR
R GS

C BST,3 =
VBST , MAX

:
12 V 0.6V

10A + 0.13mA + 1mA +


200s
5.1K

C BST,3 =
= 225nF
3V

, 470nF.
, CDRV .

. CDRV>>CBST, VDRV,
. :
. :
C DRV 10 C BST,1 = 2.2F

D

-
. 3
.
V IN

V DRV
VCC

+V DRV

V DRV -V CL

CDRV
0V
OUT

-V CL

VC
+

-V

CL

SG

GND

:
dVIN/dt = 200V/ms

CGD,0 = 1nF

- ,

VTH = 2.7V

VDRV = 15V

-,

fDRV = 100kHz

DMAX = 0.8

VCL = 3V

VC = 1.5V

QG = 80nC

= 100s

VC

- RGS,
.
- CGD , ,
dVIN/dt, RGS.
, RGS . , :

R GS =

VTH
dV
CGD,0 IN
dt

R GS =

2.7V
1nF 200000

V
s

= 13.5k


. :
= RGS

CC =

Q G f DRV
VC f DRV VDRV D + VC ( D) D

VC(D)
. . , VC(D) =
DVDRV, , D=0.5,
.
3V . D>0.2
, VC=3V. ,
, D=0.5.
, CC,
. ,
.
:

D ( VDRV VC ( D ))
VC f DRV

MIN =

D=0.5 , D=DMAX
.
. , :

D MAX ( VDRV VCL )


VC f DRV

MIN =

CC =

Q G f DRV
VC f DRV D MAX ( VDRV VCL )

R GS =

CC

MIN =

CC =

0.8 (15V 3V )
= 64s
1.5V 100kHz

80nC 100s 100kHz


= 148nF
1.5V 100s 100kHz 0.8(15V 3V )

R GS =

100s
= 675
148nF

, MIN< RGD,MAX>RGS. , D=0.8,


RGS 173mW. ,
, .
, .
1V (VDRV=1V),
CDRV :

C DRV =

QG
VDRV VCL
+
D MAX
VDRV VDRV R GS f DRV

C DRV =

80nC
15V 3V
+
0.8 = 222nF
1V
1V 675 100kHz

V DRV

VIN

VCC
T DRV

T DRV

OUTA

OUTB

OUTC

OUTD

GND

- .
:
fCLOCK = 400kHz

fDRV = 200kHz

DMAX = 0.5

VDRV = 15V

.
.
. RM5/I, ,
Ferroxcube, 3C94 200kHz.
:
Ae = 24.8mm2

Ve = 574mm3

BSAT = 0.35T

394

AL = 2H/turns2

BPEAK = 0.1T

. ,

,
.

B = 0.2T

, 394:
PV = 200kW/m3

PCORE = PV Ve

394 200kHz 0.1.


0.2mW/mm3.

PCORE = 0.2

mW
574mm3 = 115mW
mm3
6

115mW RM5/I .
.

VDRV D MAX
B A e f DRV

NP =

15V 0.5
= 7.56turns
0.2T 24.8mm 2 200kHz

NP =

8 .
, 8 .

. :

WW = 4.7mm
MLT = 24.9mm

, :
dW =

WW
NP + 1

dW =

4.7 mm
= 0.52mm
9

0.45mm :
dW = 0.51mm
W = 0.1062 m/mm

R W , DC = N P MLT W

R W ,DC = 8 24.9mm 0.1062

m
= 21.2m
mm

D PEN =

Q=

7.6
f DRV

D PEN =

0.83 d W
D PEN

Q=

7.6
= 0.017cm
200000

0.83 0.506mm
= 2.47
0.17mm

Q=2.5 RAC/RDC = 3,
RAC = 321.2m = 63.6m, .
.

LM = A L N 2
I M ,P =

LM = 2

I M 1 VDRV D MAX
=
2
2
L M f DRV

I M ,RMS = I M ,P

D MAX
3

I M ,P =

H
82 = 128H
turns 2

1
15V 0.5

= 146mA
2 128H 200kHz

I M ,RMS = 146mA

0.5
= 60mA
3

PW = I 2M ,RMS R AC

PW = (60mA ) 2 63.6m = 0.2 mW

.
,
. ,

.
, . ,
, , .
.
.

G


A
S

G
B

F

.
,
.
.

Cclamp

V IN = 156VDC

0.1uF

V clamp = 129VDC

D2
MUR860

I D2

Q2
IRF740

OUT2

UCC3580-4

PGND

Rload
85 Ohms

Lr
14uH

I D1

OUT1

Vo =130VDC

D1
MUR860

Q1
IRFP350

ID1 = 2.7A

- Q1 Q2 .
(0V)
VIN+VCLAMP
Q1

TJ = 100

LR = 14uH

VDS1,off = VDS2,off = 285V

UCC3580-4:
OUT1

OUT2

VDRV = 15V

VDRV = 15V

DMAX1 = 0.7

DMAX2 = 0.95

fDRV = 250kHz

fDRV = 250kHz

RHI1 = 20

RHI2 = 33

RLO1= 10

RLO2= 33

,
.
IRFP350

IRF740

QG1 = 135nC

QG2 = 60nC

CGD1 = 148pF

CGD2 = 71pF

COSS1 = 391pF

COSS2 = 195pF

RG1,I = 1.2

RG2,I = 1.63

VTH1= 3.2V

VTH2= 3.5V

VGS1,Miller = 4.2V

VGS2,Miller = 4.8V


. LR
.
, .
:
CR = COSS1+COSS2

CR = 391pF+195pF = 586pF

dv
I
D1
dt RES C R

dv
2 .7 A
kV

= 4 .6
dt RES 586pF
s

-
( RGATE = 0):
VDRV VGS, Miller
dv
=
dt ON ( R G , I + R HI ) CGD

dv
dt Q1,ON

15V 4.2 V
kV
= 3.4
(1.2 + 20) 148pF
s

dv
15V 4.8V
kV
=
= 4.15
dt Q 2,ON (1.63 + 33) 71pF
s

dv
3.2 V
kV
=
= 1.93
dt Q1, LIMIT (1.2 + 10) 148pF
s

dv
VTH
=
dt LIMIT ( R G ,I + R LO ) CGD

dv
3.5V
kV
=
= 1.42
dt Q 2, LIMIT (1.63 + 33) 71pF
s


dv/dtLIMIT , , .
.

Q2
IRF740
OUT2

PGND

R GATE1

1N5819

Q OFF

10K

Q1
IRFP350

C2
RB
150
10K

1N5819
OUT1

C1

UCC3580-4

UCC3580-4

OUT1

1:1

OUT2
6

PGND

Q OFF

D
R GATE2

10

dv/dtLIMIT .
0.7V p-n QOFF.
dv
3.2V 0.7 V
kV
= 14
=
dt Q1, LIMIT 1.2 148pF
s

dv
3.5V 0.7V
kV
= 24
=
dt Q 2, LIMIT 1.63 71pF
s

RGATE.
, dv/dtLIMIT.

.
2.3kV/s.
. :
VDRV VGS, Miller
dv
,
=
dt ON ( R G ,I + R GATE + R HI ) C GD

R GATE =

VDRV VGS , Miller


( R HI + R G , I )
dv
CGD
dt ON

R GATE 1 =

15V 4.2V
(20 + 1.2 ) = 10.5
kV
2.3
148pF
s

R GATE 1 =

15V 4.8V
( 33 + 1.6 ) = 27
kV
2.3
71pF
s

.
.
.
:
LM = 100H

IM,P = 75mA

D=0.5

, . VC1=0.65V
VC2=0.65V. Q2 (VGATE=1.3V).

CC 2 =

QG 2 ( VDRV VD , FW ) D MAX
+
VC 2 R GS f DRV
VC 2

C C1 =

CC2 =

60nC
(15 0.7 V ) 0.95
= 100nF
+
0.65V 0.65 10k 250kHz

Q G 2 ( VDRV VD,FW ) D
VDRV ( D 2 D 3 ) ,
+
+
2
VC1 VC1 R GS f DRV
VC1 4 L M f DRV

D=0.68, 1 .
:

2 f DRV L M R GS CC1
2 f DRV L M + R GS

2 250kHz 100H 10k 235nF


= 36s
2 250kHz 100H + 10k

UCC3850:
PGATE = VDRV(QG1+QG2) fDRV

PGATE = 15V(135nC+60nC) 250kHz = 731mW


0.5 20 135nC 15V 250kHz
= 162mW
20 + 10 + 1.2

POUT1 =

1
R HI 1

QG1 VDRV f DRV


2 R HI 1 + R GATE1 + R G!, I

POUT 2 =

I2
R HI 2
1

Q G 2 VDRV f DRV + M , P R HI 2
2 R HI 2 + R GATE 2 + R G 2 ,I
3

POUT1 =

11

POUT 2 =

0.5 33 60nC 15V 250kHz (75mA) 2


+
33 = 122mW
33 + 27 + 1.2
3

731mW , 284mW UCC3580.


, .
, RGS1 RGS2,
. :

C DRV

( V VD , FW ) D MAX1 VDRV ( D 2MAX1 D 3MAX 1 )


Q G1 + Q G 2
VDRV D MAX 1
+
+ DRV
+
2
VDRV 4 L M f DRV
VDRV R GS 2 f DRV
VDRV R GS1 f DRV
VDRV

C DRV

135nC + 60nC
15V 0.7
(15V 0.7 V ) 0.7
15V ( 0.7 2 0.7 3 )
+
+
+
= 291nF
1V
1V 10k 250kHz 1V 10k 250kHz 1V 4 100H ( 250kHz ) 2

12