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. .

. .

.. , .. , .. , .. , .. .
-
.. , .. , .. , .. .
(35 %. i+ 65% .Ni ) Ti2 Ni

.. , .. , .. , .. , .. .
NaCl

.. .
.. , .. , .. .
,
.. .

.. , .. .


.. .

.. , .. .

.. , .. . -


.. . Al+1%Be

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.. . ()

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.
.., .., ...

. .
-
.. , . . .
.. .
.. .
.. , .. . - , + N4 c

. .

.. , .. .

1

4
7

14
20

26
30
40
46
57

61

67
73
78
82
87
91
94
98
102
106
111
117
123
131
136
142
147
151
155

. .

. .

.. , .. , .. , .. , .. .

.. , .. , .. , .. .
(35 %. i+65% .Ni ) Ti2 Ni

.. , .. , .. , .. , .. .
NaCl

.. .
.. , .. , .. . ,
,

4
7

14
20

26
30
40

.. .
46

.., ...

57


... 61

.. , .. .
67
.. , .. . -


.. . Al+1%Be

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+n4
. .

.. , .. .
CONTENTS

73
78
82
87
91
94
98
102
106
111
117
123
131
136
142
147
151
155

Mathematics
M.Gadozoda. On a mixed problem for a partial differential equation of second order
A. Nizamitdinov. Multivariate smoothing spline and their bayesian approaches in nonparametric
regression with boston housing dataset
Physics
V.M. Sarnatsry, I.O. Mavlonazarov, I.E. Gospodchikova, L.V. Lytsev, I.T. Khodzhakhonov. Magnetic
and magnetic elastic properties impurity films-yttrium iron garnet
Kh.S. Sodikov, M.M. Safarov, S.G. Rizoev, I.Sh. Taurov. Specific heat capacity of alloys at the memory
systems of (35i+ 65Ni ) Ti2 Ni in the temperature
Chemistry
N.M. Mulloeva, I.N. Ganiev, M.T. Norova, F.U. Obidov, F.K. Khojaev. The effect of calcium on the
anode resistance lead in a medium electrolyte NaCl
Mechanical engineering and materials engineering
D.Yu. Kobzov. About reliability and working capacity hydrocylinders of the raised standard size
P.N. Rudovsku, A. B. Ishmatov, F.M. Safarov. The oretical study of changing of thread tension in ase of
running-off from turning reel without taking into account of rubbing on its axis
R.B. Gelykevich. Mathematical model of disc cutter with the ground at locked cutting
I.A. Saydaminov, H.I. Kodirova. Analysis of constructions of the main mechanisms of hydraulic
excavator in the course of the ledge
Information communication technology
Yu.Sh. Nabotov. Some integrated aspects of preliminary method of improving dynamic signatures
Energy
A.D. Ahrorova, M.K. Halimjanova. Transmission losses and their impact on energy security
M.V. Glazyrin, R.H. Diyorov. Analysis and research francis turbines for micro hydroelectric power with
machine double power
Chemical Technology and Metallurgy

4
7

14
20

26
30
40
46
57
61
67
73

A.M. Safarov. About interaction ammonium alum- beryllium of an alloy addition lanthanum, with
78
oxygen of a gas phase
Transportation
D.N. Smirnov, A.G. Kirillov, V.A. Nemkov. The analysis of existing methods of evaluation of technical
82
status of the regulator of braking forces
O . T . Sh a tma n o v . Loss of bearing capacity of pavement corridor from excess traffic intensity
87
U.E. Kurmanov. Modeling of functioning transport and logistics center
91
I.G. Ganiev. Problems and perspectives of the technical service for the small scale dehkan farms
94
B. Nuraliev, M.Y. Yunusov. Ways of increase the efficiency of drivers preparation systems in to the
98
Republic of Tajikistan
O . T . Sh a tma n o v . Determination of the strength of a pavement in time taking into account the total
102
impact of transport loads
Economy
F.N. Nadzhmiddinov. Some questions of the study of social functions of small enterprises
106
Tahassori Ali. The role of small industry increation of job places
111
N.E.Egorova, V.M.Poletaeva, B. A.Gadoyboev. Modeling of the mechanism of formation of banks '
117
toxic debts
K. K. Rasulov. Development of social partnership in the condition of market economy
123
Social sciences and humanities
B.R. Qurbonov, R.I. Sanginova. hemical knowledge and understanding minerals in ancient world
131
S.V. Rudakivska. Problems of becoming environmental philosophy young people
136
A.I. Muminov. A counteract religious extremism as social imminence
142
A.V. Mazur, V. N. Gridneva. Compatibility of prepositional declensional form + n4 with
some auxiliary words expressing adversative meaning in the russian language
G. Hasanova. The ways of expression of approximate numerals in tajik and english languages
Modern problems of education
T.K. Ekshikeev, A.A. Bochkov. Assessment and analysis of the competitiveness of the educational
institution

147
151
155


.



,
m- .
: ,
, .

:

u
t

2n 1

2n 1

u
q ju
2
x
j 1
n 1 , t [0, T ], T

(1)

0,
____

( x1 , x2 , xm )

{( x1 , x2 , xm ) 0

xj

lj ( j

1, m)}

R3;

____

qj

0(j

1, m)

u(t , x)

(1)
:

u (0, x)
u (t , x) x

j 0

u0 ( x), x

(2)
____

u
(t , x)
xj

0 t [0, T ], ( j 1, m)
xj lj

u0 ( x)
.
(1)-(3) [1, 2]

u(t, x) T (t ) X ( x)

(4)

(4) (1) ,

T (t )

X (x)

(3)

T (t )

T (t ) 0

(5)

:
m
j 1

2n 1

X
x 2j

X ( x) x

j 0

( X ) 2n 1 ,

qjX
X
xj

(6)

____

0 , ( j 1, m)
xj lj

(7)

, ,
m

X ( x)

X j (x j )

(8)

j 1

,
:
____

Xj

q j )X j

0 ,( j

1, m)

(9)

____

X j (0)

X j (l j )

0 ,( j

1, m)

(10)

____

(j

1, m)

2n 1

2n 1

j 1

(9)-(10)
____

X j (x j )

sin

2l j

( 2k j

1) x j ( j

2
j

( 2k j

2l j

1, m)

(11)

____

1)

qj ( j

1, m)

(12)

,
m
2n 1

k1 , k 2 ,, k m

2n 1

2l j

j 1

( 2k j

1)

qj

(13)

sin

k1 ,k2 ,,km
j 1

k1 ,k2 ,,km

Tk1,k2 ,,km

2l j

( 2k j

1) x j (k j

1,2,3,)

(14)

(5)

Ak1,k2 ,,km exp(

k1 ,k2 ,,km t ), Ak1 ,k2 ,,km

const.

(1)-(3). ,

u (t , x)
k1 0k2 0

X k1,k2 ,,km ( x)

(14),

u 0 ( x)

Ak1,k2 ,,km

Ak1,k2 ,,km X k1,k2 ,,km exp(

km 0

Ak1 ,k2 ,,km

k1 ,k2 ,,km t )

(15)

X k1,k2 ,,km ( x) m

2m
l1l2 lm

l1 l2

lm

u0 ( x)
0 0

sin
j 1

2l j

( 2k j

1) x j dx1dx2 dxm

(16)

(1)-(3).
t 0 (15)
x t ,
____

lim (

kj

k1 ,k2 ,,km

t ) exp(

k1 ,k2 ,,km

0,1,2,) ( j 1, m)

t) 0 (

u 0 ( x) x

u0 ( x)

j 0

C 2 ( )
u0
( x)
xj

____

0 ( j 1, m)
xj lj

u (t , x) , (15),

Ak1 ,k2 ,,km

(16), (1)-(3).

1.
2.

.., .., . .: ,1977, 736 .


.., . .: , 1976, 296 .

. . ..
.



, m-
.
M.Gadozoda
ON A MIXED PROBLEM FOR A PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL
EQUATION OF SECOND ORDER
The article deals with a mixed problem for a partial differential equation of second order and
its classical solution is represented as an m-dimensional uniformly convergent series.

-1951 ., 1976
. . . ( ),
- (1983), (1986), . . . . 70
- 13 . : 988-60-11-44
Gadozoda51@mail.ru

.



, - ,
: ,
.

(MARS diagnostic model).
: , ,
, - .

.
.
:
.

.
, , .. ,
.

.
-
- (Metropolis-Hastings algorithm) .

: [1],
[2], - [3], [4],
[5].
[6].
, ,
( , , ),
( , , ).
,
.
[2] ,
.
:
g ( i ) X i*
f1 ( x1i ) f 2 ( x 2i ) ...
(1)
i E (Yi ) Y i
Y i - , X i* -
,
- f j x i .
,
. .

.
7

(1)
.
:
q 2

f1 ( x1 )

x1

R( x1 , x1 j )

j 2

j 1
q 2

f 2 ( x2 )

x2

R( x 2 , x 2 j )

(2)

j 2

j 1

- f ; q -

f , x *j - .

T
(3)
f1 ( x) 2 dx
S1

f 2 ( x) 2 dx

S2

(3)
n

( yi

f1 ( x1i )

f 2 ( x 2i )) 2

[ f1 ( x1 )]dx1

[ f 2 ( x 2 )]dx2

(4)

i 1

T
1

S1

T
2

S2

(5)

1 2 ,
f 1 f 2 .

. ,
.
.
- -.
( S ) ii i- S .
-
2
1 n yi f ( xi )
(6)
CV ( )
n i 1 1 ( S ) ii
CV ( ) .
- 1 ( S ) ii
- 1 n 1tr ( S ) ,
-
2
n
1 i 1 yi f ( xi )
(7)
GCV ( )
n 1 n 1tr ( S ) 2

GCV ( ) .
- .
.


.

8

[7]
. : -, , E(y)=Ba
, B ( B1 ( x), B2 ( x),..., Bk ( x)) - n k - a -
; -, -

a i . , ,
,
m

yi

( k a j )2

a j B j ( xi )

i 1

j 1

(8)

j k 1

[1] g ( )

Ba

(1 B1 .... B p ) N (1

n j ) -

( , a1 ,..., a p ) -

j 1

.
(local algorithm)
(back fitting algorithm).

. -

l*

Pj

0 , j

( D ) D , d
d
j

d
j

l ( y; a )

1
2

a j Pj a j

(9)

j 1

0 , .

0,1,2,....

D dj , ( n j

d ) n j

d th .
j , (banded)
d . j - ,
nj

d D dj a j ,

d=0,

D 0j a j

aj

D1j a j

a jk

a j ,k

Pj

Inj

nj

D dj 1a j
1

D1j D dj a j
2,..., n j

(10)

(ridge

regression) - [1] .
[4]
,
, ()
,
.
(Fahrmeir and Lang) [8], .
,
(Hastie and Tibshirani).
[5].

.
-. (reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo)
9

, ,
[5].
.
506
(Boston Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (SMSA)) 1970.
. StatLib,
(Carnegie Mellon University).

. ,
(.1).
1. ,

, $1000
MEDV
( )
CRIM

TAX
$10,000
DIS

RM

AGE
1940
mgcv [9]
R software, BayesX software [4] (http:// www.stat.unimuenchen.de/~lang/bayesx).
http://www.stat.unimuenchen.de/sfb386, MARS
MARS 2.0.
,
, :

MEDV i

f (CRIM i )

f (TAX i )

f ( DIS i )

f ( RM i )

AGE

(11)

. 2.
2.

Intercept
27.91428
0.86135
32.408
AGE
-0.07848
0.01228
-6.389

edf
Ref. d.f.
F-
f(CRIM)
15.353
15.353
9.473
f(TAX)
22.409
22.409
3.621
f(DIS)
22.918
22.918
6.878
f(RM)
7.676
7.676
78.198
2
R adj 0.806 , Deviance = 7130.866, AIC = 2917.378
Signif. codes: *** 0.001 ** 0.01 * 0.05 . 0.1

Pr(

t )

< 2e-16 ***


4.31e-10 *
p-
< 2e-16 ***
9.1e-08 ***
< 2e-16 ***
< 2e-16 ***

. 2 , AGE
. , t-

0.05 . , AGE
10

MEDV.
. .

.
, f(CRIM), f(TAX), f(DIS)
f(RM) . 1.
,
. , ,
.
. 3.
3.

Pr( t )

Intercept
27.34140
0.84830
32.23
< 2e-16 ***
AGE
-0.07012
0.01207
-5.81
1.19e-08 *

edf
Ref. d.f.
F-
p-
f(CRIM)
10.63
10.63
10.013
6.14e-16 ***
f(TAX)
12.36
12.36
4.076
3.68e-06 ***
f(DIS)
16.98
16.98
7.682
< 2e-16 ***
f(RM)
17.91
17.91
45.637
< 2e-16 ***
2
R adj 0.825 , Deviance = 5261.789, AIC = 2829.353
Signif. Codes: *** 0.001 ** 0.01 * 0.05 . 0.1
. 3,
.
, .
11


.
4
.
.
4.


MSE
AIC
DEVIANCE

15.34206 2940.902
7778.425
20

15.3752 2941.488
7795.225
30

10.37828 2829.353
5261.789
40
20
21.50413 3046.073
10902.6
40
17.56589 2989.145
8905.904
- 20
19.39047 3028.407
9830.967
- 30
21.60459 3047.504
10953.53
- 40
20.11881 3035.251
10200.24

33.3452
12072.63
a=1,b=0.005

28.0987
11073.36
a=1, b=0.0005

24.3353
9034.87
a=1, b=0.00005
20
26.251
10034.87

. 4, (Deviance),
.

, .
,
.
. b 0.00005
b 0.0005 , , b 0.005 .
,
, , ,
, , ,
.
,
, , (Deviance).
,
, .
,
.
,

12

.
.

[1]
Eilers P.H.C. and Marx B.D., Direct generalized additive modeling with penalized
likelihood, Computational Statistics and Data Analysis, 28, pp. 193-209, 1998.
[2]
Hastie, T. J. and Tibshirani, R. J., Generalized Additive Models. Chapman &
Hall/CRC, 1990.
[3]
Wood S.N., Thin plate regression splines, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society:
Series B (Statistical Methodology) , 65, pp. 95-114, 2003.
[4]
Lang S. and Brezger A., Bayesian P-splines, Journal of Computational and Graphical
Statistics, 13, pp. 183-212, 2001.
[5]
Biller C., Adaptive Bayesian Regression splines in semi parametric generalized linear
models, Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics, 9 (1), 122-140, 2000.
[6]
Harrison, D., and Rubinfeld, D. L., Hedonic Housing Prices and the Demand for Clean
Air, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, 5, pp.81-102, 1978.
[7]
Eilers P.H.C. and Marx B.D., Flexible smoothing using B-splines and penalized
likelihood (with comments and rejoinders), Statistical Science, 11(2), pp. 89-121, 1996.
[8]
Fahrmeir, L. and Lang, S., Bayesian Inference for generalized additive mixed models
based on Markov Random Field Priors, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society C (Applied Statistics),
50, pp. 201-220, 2001.
[9] Wood S.N., Generalized additive models: an introduction with R, Chapman and Hall,
2006.
. . ..
.
.


,
, :


.
A. Nizamitdinov
MULTIVARIATE SMOOTHING SPLINE AND THEIR BAYESIAN APPROACHES
IN NONPARAMETRIC REGRESSION WITH BOSTON HOUSING DATASET
In this study we made a comparison between generalized additive models, thin plate splines,
penalized generalized additive models, and their Bayesian versions: Bayesian adaptive regression
spline and Bayesian penalized splines through the Boston Housing data set. For variable selection we
used the MARS diagnostic model. The results of study compared with each other using mean squared
error, Akaike Information Criteria and deviance.

-

. . .. .
13


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.. , ..

-

,
- ().



.
: , - ,
, , .



,
. - Y3Fe5O12 ()
, ,

, - [1-2].

, ,
,
.
- ,
[3] ,
13 .

( , ,
, )
,
,
[4].
Y3Fe2 (FeO4)3 . Fe3+
, .. ,
.
.
Fe3+ d
D . Fe3+

,
3Fe3+ (d) 2 Fe3+ (), .. 5 B ,
B - , 0.927 10 - 23 /.
Fe3+ 0.67 [4]. Fe3+ Ga3+,
0.62 Fe3+ ,
. In3+ Sc3+ , , 0.95 0.83
Fe3+

. , ,
14


.
,
, , ,

d [2] .

a d ,
,
.
[5]
,
.

H = 1202
Rohde-Schwarz ZVA-40 (. 1).
50 . 0.5 .

. , ,
, .

. ,
.
()
.

.


ZVA-40

H
. 1. ,
.1 (
) ( )
Nx = Nz = 0 Ny = 4

F :

15

g H(H

4 M - H a ) 1/2 ,

(1)

g = 2.83 / , , 4 M
, Ha ,
. (1)

4 M - Ha ,

2
Ha F

g 2 H 2 /g 2 H .

(2)


3 10 .
F g (2)

4 M - Ha .

, H,
3
, , .
1.

, , 1, ,
.

1

-286-6
-250-3
-53-3
-23-6


4 M - Ha ()
()
H ()
YIG + Ga + Sc
13.6
168
6.0
YIG + Ga
12.8
1254
2.4
YIG
13.4
1866
0.57
YIG + Ga + In
12.7
610
1.5

.1 , 4 M - Ha
.

. 2. -

. 2
,
16

.3 .
,
, ,
. .2 , ,

20% ( + Ga + Sc ) 250 % ( + Ga).

,
.
, [6] ,
,
,
.

.3. -


, . .3 ,
,
,
.
, . .
. .4
,
.
,
( 20 ),
[7].

17

.4.
,

,

(

, )

[8]
.

1. .., .. . .: , 1994. 464 .


2. .: , 1982, 682.
3. .., .. - , 2010, 1 , .16 -21.
4. . , .1. .:,1976, 360 .
5. .., .., .., Tien C. - , 1, . 26-32.
6. .., .. - , 1992, .162, 3, . 89 129.
7. ., .. ,1980, . 50, 5. . 903 912.
8. .., .. 115926, . . 10.05.
2012.

18

.. , .. , .. ,
.. , ..


,
(
) .

.

V.M. Sarnatsry, I.O. Mavlonazarov, I.E. Gospodchikova,


L.V. Lytsev, I.T. Khodzhakhonov
MAGNETIC AND MAGNETIC ELASTIC PROPERTIES
IMPURITY FILMS-YTTRIUM IRON GARNET
The effect of doping gallium, indium and scandium ions on magnitoelastic and magnetic
properties of thin films iron-yttrium the granate(YFG) by methods of ultrasonic and ferromagnetic
spectroscopy are studied. The considerable effect of gallium and scandium ions on magnetization of
saturation value and of a ferromagnetic resonance width of the line and the efficiency of excitation
of longitudinal and shear ultrasonic oscillations by thin films of YFG is revealed at their
arrangement in a combination of variable and constant magnetic fields.


..-..,
- , , sarnatsky42@mail.ru.
- ..-.., , , mavlonazarov@mail.ru.
irina_gospodchikova@mail.ru, 1
- .
- ..-.., -
. .. , l_lutsev@mail.ru.
- ..-..,
. . .. .

19

.. , .. , .. , ..

(35 %. i+ 65% .Ni ) Ti2 Ni

(35Ti+65 Ni) .

. ,
.
: , , , , ,
.
TiO2 1789 . ,
,
. - 1825 . . .
(Ti) (Titanium) - 22,
47,88, - . 4,51 /3, t.=1668+(-)5, t.=3260.
-00 1-0 4,32 /3.
, , ,
, -
( -290 600).
[1-3]:
, , , ,
;
, ,
, ,
;
;
,
, ;

;
,
;
,
.

. ( )
. ,
, , , , ,
.

,
.
4- ,
Al, Fe Mg [1-3].
, -
- .
.
, ,
20

, , ,
.
,
, ,
.
,
. ,
. ,
, , , .
- .
10-25%.
, , .
.
-
, .
-
,
. ,
,
, -, , ,
, . . ,
, ,
. ,
- , ( ).
- , ,
, .. ,
.
Ni-Ti .
: Ti2Ni, TiNi TiNi3. Ti2Ni
. 700
~2 % (.) 1310 .
TiNi 1310 .
Ni Ti,
. TiNi 1118 49,5
57 % (.) Ni.
, 630 TiNi
Ti2Ni+ TiNi3 . TiNi3 - 1380 .
Ni-Ti ,
( 630 ).
() -
, :
[4,5].

Ni-Mn-Ca.
() ()
- () ,
.
, .
[6,7],
. Ni-Mn-Ca
. ,
( )
21

,
() .

.
Ni45Co5Mn36,5In134 Ni43Co7Mn39Sn11 [8-11].

. Ni-Ti.
, ,Ni-Mn-X (X=In,Sn,Sb),
:
[12-21].
-
,
[8,18,22]. ,

[23].


Ni-Co-Mn-X

(X=In,Sn,Sb)
Ni-Mn-Ca ,

[8]. ,

,
. Ni-Mn-Ca
[7-10]. NiMn-Ca ,
, . ,
,
() [23].
.
,
.
Ni-Mn-Ca
. ( )
22

,
, .

,
.

35Ti+65Ni .
( )
(, , ,
.).
( .. , [24]).
,
. =0,95,
3,8%. -
( ).
.
.

.
,



(1) :
,
(1)
- , *-
1:
.
.
(35 %Ti+65%Ni)
,
,/ ( )
,
300
474,4
1000*
400
509,1
1200*
500
542,4
1400*
600
595,9
1600*
629
650,8
1800*
800*
566,8
2000*
900*
579,8
*- .

,/ ( )
591,8
607,4
628,3
656,2
757,7
823,9

,
. (1)
:

50,443

10,9

520,95

(2)

(2)
(35 i+65 Ni) 0,5%.

23


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. , 1986 . 354c
2. .. . .
.:, 1979 .403c
3. .. -
. , 1996-2000 .322c
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23. .. .
. . . 12-15 2007.
.626.
24. .. . .1974.
. ..
(),
.
.. , .. , .. , ..
(35
%.i+65% .Ni ) Ti2 Ni

(35i+65Ni ) .

. ,
.
: , , , , ,
.

24

Kh.S. Sodikov, M.M. Safarov, S.G. Rizoev, I.Sh. Taurov


SPECIFIC HEAT CAPACITY OF ALLOYS AT THE MEMORY
SYSTEMS OF (35i+ 65Ni ) Ti2 Ni IN THE TEMPERATURE
In the paper are resultes of experimetal data spacific heat capacity of alloys systems (35
Ni+65Ni) in the interval temperature 300-2000 K.
Key words: spasibic haet capacity, monoton regime, alloys, titanic, nikel, memory alloys


- 1966 .. . ... (1990),
. , 22 .
, , ,
.
-1952 .., .. .
(1974), ,
. . .. , 780 , 32 ,
12 . ,
, ,
, ..
- 1966 .. . . (1990),
, .
. , 15 .
, ,
, - ..
- 1979 .. . ... (2003),
. ,
25 . ,
, , .

25


.. , .. , .. , .. , ..

NaCl

Pb-Ca NaCl. ,
.
: , , ,
, , NaCl.
,
,
.

. ,
. ,
, .

.
. ,

.


. ,

, ,

[1-3].
, ( 1.0%)

, .

[4]. , 0.25
.% .
.
.
b- 0.005-0.5 .%
NCl
.
5 .% .
8 100-120, .
-50-1.1
2 / [5, 6].
, .
. 1, 2 .
26

. 1 . ,
.
30-40 .
100 ,

.
-,

1
2
3
4
5
6

-,

2
3
4
5
6
,

.
Pb Ca, , .%: 1-0,0; 2-0,005; 3-0,01; 4-0,05; 5-0,1;
6-0,5, 3.0 () 0,03% NaCl ()
1- b-Ca
0.3%- NCl
, .%
,

b
0.005
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010
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0
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27

20
30
40
50
60

0.548
0.546
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Pb-Ca . 2. ,
,
.
.

2 - - b-C
NCl. 2/


-n o
-n
, -Ec. -

. %

3% NaCl

0. 3% NaCl 0.03% NaCl

10-3
/2

0,562
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3 .
NaCl
.
,
. , 0.01-0.1
.%

.

,
.
28

i 10-2
/


1. .., .., ..- .:

. -: - . , 1960.- . 3.
2. . . .- .: , 1966.- 345 .
3. .. . -: .
, 1978.- 316 .
4. .., ..- .: .
, 1968.- . 19.
5. .., .. Zn5Al-
Zn55Al-. : LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH & Co. KG, 2011.- 156 .
6. .., .., ..
. : LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing GmbH &
Co. KG, 2011.- 208 .
. . ..
.. , .. , .. , .. , ..

NaCl
Pb-Ca
NaCl . ,

.
N.M. Mulloeva, I.N. Ganiev, M.T. Norova, F.U. Obidov, F.K. Khojaev
THE EFFECT OF CALCIUM ON THE ANODE RESISTANCE
LEAD IN A MEDIUM ELECTROLYTE NaCl
The results of potentiodynamic studies of alloys of the Pb-Ca in the medium of electrolyte
NaCl. It is shown that with decrease of chlorine ions in the electrolyte and an increase in calcium
content in the alloy corrosion rate decreases.

, 1984 .., (2010), .
. .., 35
, 1 1 . : (992) 93-560-67-41
, 1984 .., , , ,
(wipo, isesco) . .
(2001), 700 , 20 , 70 .
, (1997), .
: (992)93-559-87-98.
, (1968), ,
, 150 , 3 .
, . .. (2009),
. .. , 5 .
29


..


, ,
,


,
.
: , , .

, ,
- ,
[1-4]. [5, 6],
- .
,
,

[1-3].
-
-
( ), ,
[3, 5].
,
, , , ,
.
, , ,
,
,
.


m .
ii-k-

Ri
,
(. 1). ki-k
, Rk
ji-k-

[1, 3, 5].

m-
30

, ,
m- -
,


[1, 3,
5].
, ii-k- ki-k-

(. 1.) Ri R j Rk [5]
, m- ,

,
. ,
,
.
, , , ,
- ,
,
.


.

1

ii-k- .
,
31

, Ri

(. 1.) R j Rk [5]
m
,
,
,
[1-3, 5].

D1, D2, p, z
Ri

Ri f1 D2 , p, z ,

Ri D2 , p, z
: D2(), z, p.
D2() ,
,

D2() Ri D1
D22
,
1
, ,

,
.
[7]
,
: p ;
, () dz/dt
.

,
Rk f 2 D2 , p, z, dz / dt, .
,
m- , -
, .
[8, 13, 15,
16] [14-16], ,
,
, , ,
[7, 15, 16].
,

, ,
- i-
yi x

, y( x )
i x ,
, :
;
i x
yi x
y( x ) .
, Work()
(1)
D12

32

i [ D2 (
i [ D2 (

i ( x)

), p, z , ] [
), p, z , ] [

max i [ D2 (

Work ( )

1] ;
] ;

), p, z , ] [

] ;

max i [ D2 ( ), p, z , ] [

yi ( x )

yTi [ D2 ( ), p, z , ] [ y[

1]

(1)

] ;

] ;

yT [ D2 ( ), p, z. ] [ y[
i

1]

] .

: [-1], [P], [], [] -


, (), , .
:
[ D2 ( ), p, z, ] ,
[ D2 ( ), p, z, ] ,
max [ D2 ( ), p, z, ]
i

), p, z, ] , i-
, ,
, . x
.
x
, l0 z
l1 l2 , .
yT [ D2 ( ), p, z, ] , x,
max i [ D2 (

,
l0 z , , .
2 () - ,
yT
[ D2 ( ), p, z, ] .
i

yT [ D2 ( ), p, z, ]
i

yT
[ D2 ( ), p, z, ]
i

[ y[ ] ] ,
1
,

(x
)
[ 1 ] .
i
, Work()
(1)
, : D2() , z - , p - , 6- :
[ 1]
[ D2 ( ), p, z , ] 0;
i

[ ]
[ ]
[ ]
[ y[ 1] ]
[ y[

Ri

1] ]

i [ D2 ( ), p, z ,

0;

max i [ D2 ( ), p, z ,

0;

max i [ D2 ( ), dy / dx, p, z ,

0;

yT [ D2 ( ), p, z , ] 0;
yT [ D2 ( ), p, z , ] 0.
i


D2 , p , z
6-
, D2 , p , z

33

[15, 17].
,
()
, ,
- i-
Qi Q ()

Qi
Q .
Work()

Q
Q

Work ( )
Q

Q
i

D2 ( ), p , dz / dt ;
D2 ( ), p ;

D2 ( ), p , dyT

(2)

/ dx, dz / dt .

D2 ( ), p , dz / dt ;

Q D2 ( ), p .

Q,
Q Q - ,
,
; [Q] [Q]

, 1846487 . ; dyT(x) /dx
(l0+z),
dyT ( x) / dx dy ( x) / dx dy ( x) / dx .
IV

III

: dyIV (x)/dx dyII (x)/dx ()


.
.
Work()
, (2),
, 2- :

Q
Q

Ri

Q
Q

D2 ( ), p , dyT

0;
i

/ dx, dz / dt .

D2 ( ), p , dz / dt ;

D2 ( ), p , dz / dt ;
D2 ( ), p ;

Q
Q

D2 ( ), p .

0.


D2 , p , z
2-
, ,
,

[15, 17].
, ,

34

, .
, ,

()
Work() Work().
, ,
, :
- :
(3)
t
[ 1]
[ D2 ( ), p, z, ];

max

i [ D2 (
]

max

), p, z, ];

max i [ D2 (

(4)

), p, z, ];

max i [ D2 (

(5)

), p, z, ];

(6)

- :

t yT

[ y[

1] ]

t yT

[ y[

yTi [ D2 ( ), p, z, ];

1] ]

(7)

yT [ D2 ( ), p, z , ];

(8)

Q D2 ( ), p, dz / dt ;
i

tQ

Q D2 ( ), p ;

(9)

Q D2 ( ), p, dyTi / dx, dz / dt .
i

tQ

Q D2 ( ), p, dz / dt ;
i

Q D2 ( ), p .

(10)

, , 18464-87
. ,

:
V
d{ [ D2 ( ), p, z, ]} / dt ;
(11)

V
V

d{

V yT

d{

max

max

V yT

i [ D2 (

d{

), p, z, ]} / dt ;

max i [ D2 (

max i [ D2 (

(12)

), p, z, ]} / dt ;

(13)

), p, z, ]} / dt;

(14)

d{ yTi [ D2 ( ), p, z, ]} / dt ;

(15)

d { yT [ D2 ( ), p, z , ]} / dt ;

(16)

Q D2 ( ), p, dz / dt ;
i

VQ

Q D2 ( ), p ;
i

Q D2 ( ), p, dyTi / dx, dz / dt .
i

35

/ dt

(17)

VQ

Q D2 ( ), p, dz / dt ;
i

Q D2 ( ), p .

/ dt ,

(18)

, ,
, .
,
Work() Work() :
T
t
/V ;
(19)

/V
t

max

max

max

t yT / V y T ;

T yT

t yT

TQ

TQ

/V

max

T yT

(20)
max

/V

max

(22)
(23)

(21)

/ V yT

tQ / VQ ;

tQ / VQ .

(24)
(25)
(26)

(19)-(26) ,

Ri D2 ; p; z
(3)-(10),

(11)-(18).
,
,
,
z .
,
, ,
,
pa, ()

I h ~ p1a

.
, pa
,
- -
.
,
, .
:
.
,

36

R I [ D2 ( ), p, z, ]

R T [ D2 ( ), p, z, ]

R i

Rel ( )

R I [ D2 ( ), p, z, ]

R T [ D2 ( ), p, z, ]

R i

(27)

R , R , R , R -
Ii
Ii
Ti
Ti
, [ R ],[ R ],[ R ],[ R ] -
I
I
T
T

.
Rel() , (27),
[D2(), p, z]
, 4- :

[ R] I

R I [ D2 ( ), p, z , ] 0;

[ R] T

R T [ D2 ( ), p, z , ] 0;

[ R] I

R I [ D2 ( ), p, z , ] 0;
i

[ R ] T R T [ D2 ( ), p, z , ] 0.
i

D2 , p , z
R j
4- ,
D2 , p , z

[15, 17].

rel
, K

work


Work() Work(), Rel() ,
[D2(), p, z]
2-, 6- 4- ,

Work ( ) ;
rel
K work

Work ( ) ;
Rel ( ) .

,
D2(), z, p, , ,
,
, ,
,
[D2(), p, z].
:

- Ri
D2 , p , z
,
37

- Ri
D2 , p , z
,
,
, ,
()
;

Ri D2 , p , z
,
, ,
-
.

1. .., .. Some aspects of dialectical approach to the insight into


engineering objects evolution // Proceedings of the International conference on Advanced
Equipment of Materials Handling TEMH`94 / Shanghai, China, 1994. 10. 25-27. pp. 724-730.
2. .. //
/ .
.-., 1995. . 71-73.
3. D. Yu. Kobzov, Lkhanag Dorligsuren, Deleg Dorjbjol. Dialectical approach to the insight
into engineering objects evolution // . .
/ , , 1 (17), 2008. . 93-99.
4. .., .., .. There must be no alternative to the right
choice of diagnostic parameters // Proceedings of the 2-nd International Machinery Monitoring
Diagnotics Conference Exhibit /Los Angeles, CA, USA, 1990. 10.22-25. pp. 374-380.
5. .. . 1.
. . . / . . -. - , 1998. - 59
., ., . 246. - . - . 13.08.1998, 2-1998.
6. .., .., .., .., ..
. 5. . /
. . -. - , 2011. - 119 ., ., . 130. - . - .
21.07.2011, 360-2011.
7. .., .., ..

. 2. , ,
. / . . . -. - , 1999. - 108 ., ., . 179. - . . 01.12.1999, 3552-1999.
8. .., .., .., ..
. 3. . / . . -. - , 2011. - 88 .,
., . 93. - . - . 27.01.2011, 27-2011.
9. .., .. -

//
.

.
/ , . - 3 (23). 2009. . 174-179.
10. .., .., .
//. . / ,
. - 2. 2009. . 24-28.
11. .., .., ..
//. . / ,
. - 2. 2009. . 29-32.
38

12. .., .., .

//.
.
/ , . - 3 (11). 2011. . 40-45.
13. .., .., ..
// . .
/ , . - 3 (19). 2008. . 26-30.
14. .., .., .
. 4. . / . . . -. - , 2003. - 44 .,
., . 116. - . - . 14.07.2003, 1376-2003.
15. .., .., ..
. 6. . . . / . . -.
, 2012. 43 .: . - . 78 . . . , 27.04.2012, 1982012.
16. .., ..
// . . / , . - 1 (13).
2012. . 38-44.
17. .., .., .., ..
// .
. / , . - 1 (13). 2012. . 45-48.

..


, ,
,

.
.
D.Yu. Kobzov
ABOUT RELIABILITY AND WORKING CAPACITY
HYDROCYLINDERS OF THE RAISED STANDARD SIZE
Abstract. No matter how varied engineering objects may be, their working processes,
operation and maintenance conditions, the forming of their workability parameters, the reliability
indices at any stage of their evolution in the direction of some general development trend are sure to
follow dialectics objective laws. And if the latter are disregarded at the initial stage of particular
object development this does not guarantee desired positive effect achievement in the end.

- , ,
-, ,
, . 2128; ., . , .
, . 10, . 903. . (3953) 325493; . - (3953) 377992,
interdep@brstu.ru.
39

.. , .. , ..

,

, . ,

,
.
: , , , , ,
, , .
[1] ,
. ,
.
,
(24)[1], :

Jc
v sin R
R

J
t
c

cos R

J
t 1
c

(1)

, .

Jc
v sin R
R

J
t
c

cos R

J
t 1
c

(2)

J
t
c

Jc v sin R

Jcv 2

v Jc
Jcv 2

sin

J
t
c

M cos R

M
Jcv 2

(3)

2
M
:

osR

2
M

J
t
c

J
t
c

M
Jcv 2

2
M

( 4)

v Jc
2
Jcv 2 M

cos

M
,

2
Jcv 2 M

arctg

cos

sin R

J
t
c

sin

M
v Jc

40

cos R

sin

(5)

(6)

J
t
c

sin
(7)

sin R

J
t
c

sin
(8)

J
J
t 2
R
t
c
c
cos
2
2

R
2 cos

0
(9)


J
R
t 2
c
2
2 ,
(10) , :

2
2arctg
t2
(6)
v Jc
t2
J
J
R
R
c
c
(27) [1] ,

(10)

(11)

0 .

M 0 , .
, .
(1)

J v cos R

J
t
c

J
sin R
c

J
t.
c

(12)

0.

(13)

, :

J v cos R

J
t
c

J
sin R
c

J
t
c

J 2 v2

J
.
c

(14)

Jv
2

J v

J
c

cos R

J
t
c

J v

J
c
M

J
c

sin R

J
t
c

0 .

(15)

M
2

J v

arctg

J
c
M

Jv
2

J
c

sin ,
2

J v

J
c

cos

(16)

(17)

v Jc
41

(6) ,
.
. (16), (17) (15)

J
t
c

cos R

0
.

(18)

t1

J
c

(19)

(17)

t1

arctg
R

v Jc .
J
c

(20)

(28) [1] ,

0 .

M 0 , ,
, . (11) (20) ,
.
,
.
, , , ..
,
, ..

M
2J

t2 2

v
t .
R

(21)

vK

R t 2v

(22)

t3, t2 .

2 Jv
.
M R

t3

(23)

v,

R v t4

(24)

t4 .
(21)

M R
2J
42

t42 v t4

(25)

t4

2vJ
M R

(26)

(23) (26) , ,
(. 1)

1- ,

,
. ,
.
.
(26) [1] ,

Tm ax

v cJ
R

(27)


. ,
, .

.

. ,
.
,
.
, ,
. ,
,
(.1) [1] , .

. . 2.

43

2 -

, .

1. ,
.
2. ,
.

1.
.., .., ..
, .
, 2 (18). : , 2011.
2.
.. . .: , 1971.
3.
.., .. . .: , 1986.

,
,
. . ..
.. ., .. , ..



,
,
,
, .

44

P.N. Rudovsku. A. B. Ishmatov, F.M. Safarov


THEORETICAL STUDY OF CHANGING OF THREAD TENSION IN CASE OF RUNNINGOFF FROM TURNING REEL WITHOUT TAKING INTO ACCOUNT
OF RUBBING ON ITS AXIS
Running-off from turning reel in steady mode is characterized with high tension uniformity.
However, during start-up non-uniformity is much higher, which caused the reason of refusal from this
method of running-off in preparing of basis to weaving.

- 1955 . .,

(1978) "
", ,

,

130 , . E- mail:
pavel_rudovsku@mail.ru
-1948 ..,
(1970), , ,

, 70 ,
- .
- 1958 .., -
" -(1983),
. . ..
, , , 130 ,
- .
E- mail: fmsafarov@mail.ru.

45

..



.
.
: , , .



.

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,
,

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.

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,
.

(. 1).
[4]:

(1)
X c ,
q
46


(2)
c Q ,
q
(3)
J oz
H Qxc ,
, , ;
H, Q , ; ,
H Q, ;
h, .

. 1.
,
.
, , Q
, ,
.
,

, ,
, .

[12]:
0ctg

e2

tg

tg 2

1 ,

(4)

4 2
0 , /2; 2 , ;
, .
: ,
, ,
,
, .
[12] (.
2): , .

47

. 2.


. 3.

, , [10]. / = 53, 68.
4555.

. 3.
: 1, 2, 3, 4
15, 30, 45, 60
,
, ,
[5].

t h.
t = 2R /360,
(5)

h, ;
, /.
48

(. 1) :
= arc cos[(Rh) / R],
(6)
,
, .

x2
a2

2
b2

z2 ,
c2

(7)

(. 4) ,
Z = z X = x1 = b.
S = dS x [6]:
S

dS

dz
dx

dz
d

dxd ,

(8)

cx
dz
c
dz
.
;
2
2
2
2
dx a x d a x

2 2
S
dxd ,

dxd F , :

(9)

2 + 2 = R2.

. 4.
0 (. 4 ) :
S2

2 Rh h 2
2

( R h) 2 Rh h 2

2 Rh h 2
R2
arcsin
2
R

R 2 2 Rh h 2

( R h) 2 Rh h

2 Rh h 2
( R h)
2

2 Rh h 2 R 2
2 Rh h 2 R h
R2
arcsin
arcsin
2 Rh h 2 .
2
R
2
R
2
Rh=b (10) ,

49

(10)

2 2
R 2 b2
R 2 arcsin

b R 2 b2 ,

(11)

,
:
S1 = S/2.
(12)
S1,
, :
N = PS1.
(13)
N ,
, :
= 1N,
(14)
1 .
( -,
N = ) z (. 5), :
= cos + N sin,
(15)
= N cos T sin.
(16)
, .
[3, 7, 11] ,
.
,
[11].

, . .. , [3],
( )
. ,
,
.
(. 6)
1 = arccos{[R1 (h zc/tg)]/R1},
(17)
R1 ,
,
, ; h , ; zc
, .

. 5. ,

50

. 6. ,

[2]:
h ( R 2r ) ,
(18)
Zc 1
3( R r )
h1 , ; r , .
h1 r :
htg (3R 2h) .
(19)
Z
c

3(2 R h)

zc
, , htg t ( t ). htg > t
h t / tg.
,
,
, :
R1 = R zc / tg,
(20)

zc
(21)
Rc R
cos 1 ,
tg
2

zc
(22)
sin 1 ,
tg
2
,
, . 5.
[4], ,
,
.

R

51

Fix 0,
i 1

(23)

Fi 0,
i 1
n

Fiz 0,
i 1

(F i )

0,

( F i ) 0,

z (F i )

i 1

(24)

n
i 1
n

0.

i 1

,
.
, ,
, :
n

F
i 1 ix
n

F
i 1 i

2Q 2 cos

0,

(25)

0 ,
2
E 0 ,

(26)

2 sin

(27)
E1
, , ,
, ; 0
, ; H, Q
,
, ; 1,
, .
Q:

F
i 1 iz

H E sin

(28)

1.
2
:
0 = f1,
f1 .

Q E cos

(29)
(30)

(25, 26, 27) :

2S1 sin

1 cos

sin )(1 f1 ) ,

1
( 1 cos sin )(1 f1 ) .
2
1 ,
= 0.

2S1 sin

52

(31)
(32)


,
.
:
n

Fix

1 sin(1/2) 22 cos2 = 0

i 1

1 = + sin(1/2) + 22 cos2,

(33)

1 + Q + cos(1/2) sin(1/2) 2 sin2 = 0

Fi
i 1

1 = Q + cos(1/2)

(34)

1 = 0,

Fiz
i 1

1 =
(35)
2 , S2/2, :
2 = 11/2,
(36)

, ,
.
,
, ,
.
xa ya (. 6)
.
.
2 + y2 = R2.
(37)

y = (R h).
(38)
0 .
y = (R h) (h > 0; R > 0; h < R) : 2 + (R h)2 =
R2:
(39)
x
2 Rh h 2 ,
0 > 0, 0 = 2Rh h 2 ,

S2 S
x0
0

dxd

( R h)

dx

( R h)

R 2 x 2 dx

R2
x x0
arcsin
2
R 0
x
R2
arcsin 0
2
R

x0

( R h) x0

R2
arcsin 0
2

R2 x2

( R h) x

x
x2
R2 x2 0
2
0

x0
R 2 x02 0
2
( R h) x0

0, :

53

x0
0

x0
R2 x2
2

x
R2
arcsin 0 .
2
R

(40)

S2

( R h) 2 Rh h

2 Rh h 2
2

2 Rh h 2
R2
arcsin
2
R

R 2 2 Rh h 2
2 Rh h 2
( R h)
2

( R h) 2 Rh h 2

(41)

2 Rh h 2 R 2
2 Rh h 2 R h
R2
arcsin
arcsin
2 Rh h 2 .
2
R
2
R
2
, .
:
R2

( R h)

Mx

dxd

R 2 2 d
R

1
2

R 2 2

( R h)

xdx

d
R

R 2 2 d
R

1 2
R (
2
1 2
Rh
2
1 2
Rh
2

1
2

1 2
(R R2 ) 2
3

1
(2 Rh h 2 )3 .
3

y:

( R h)

1 2
( R ( R h) 2 ) 2
3
3

(42)

( R 2 2 ) d ( R 2 2 )

( R h)
R

( R h)

1
2

2
3

xdxd

R2
0

( R h)

1 2
( R R 2 2 Rh h 2 ) 2
3
M

( R h)

3
2 2
)

( R h)

dx

1 2
(R
2

( R h)

( R 2 2 )d
R

x2
2

1 2
R
2

1
1
( R h )3 ( R )3
6
6
1
3h 2 R 3hR 2 R 3 ) R 3
6
1 2
1 2 1 3 1 3
h R
hR
R
R
2
2
6
6

R 2 2
0

( R h)
R

1 2
2 3

( R h)
R

(43)

R h R)
1 3
(h
6
1 3
h
6

1 2 1 3
Rh h
2
6

1 2
h (3R h).
6

(xa, ya) :
1 2
h (3R h)
6
xa
S2 R 2
R h R h
arccos
2 Rh h 2
2
R
2
1
h 2 (3R h)
.
3 R 2 arccos R h ( R h) 2 Rh h 2
R
1
(2 Rh h 2 ) S
Mx
S
a
S2 R 2
R h R h
arccos
2 Rh h 2
2
R
2
M

(2 Rh h 2 ) S
2
.
3 R 2 arccos R h ( R h) 2 Rh h 2
R

54

(44)

(45)

, arccos b
2

arcsin R 2 b2 .

2 = arctg(x/y).
(33, 34, 35) :
1

1 E f1 sin
(T cos

1
2

N sin )(1 f1 )sin

( 1 S1 cos

S1 sin )(1 f1 )sin

S1 (

sin )(1 f1 )sin

1 cos

1 E (1 f1 ) cos
( 1 S1 cos

E (1 f1 )sin

(46)
1

(47)
1

1 1 .

S1 sin )(1 f1 ) cos

1
.
2
1 = sin + Nos = S1cos 1S1sin = S1(cos 1sin).

S1 (

1 cos

(48)

sin )(1 f1 ) cos

(49)

1. ,
, ,

,
,
.
2.
.
.
3.

( , )

, ,
, ,
.

1. , .. . . . / ..
, .. , .. . / 3- . . .: , 1972.
504
2. , .. / .. , ..
. .: , 1961. 148 .
3. , .. .
/ .. , .. , .. . .: ,
1973. 171 .

55

4. , .. . / .. .//
. 3- . ., . , 1974. 528 .
5. , .. /
.. //
. . , 1981. . 4653.
6. , .. / ..
// . 4-. ., . , 1966. 460 .
7. , .. / ..
// . 1960.
2. . 2730.
8. , .. . . 2-, . . .,
, 1977. 256 .
9. , ..
: . . . / .. .
, 2009. 50 .
10. , ..
: . . . / .. . ., 1972. 132 .
11. , .. / ..
, .. . , . . 17. ,
, 1974. . 5861.
12. , .. / .. //
. . . 2. ., , 1975 . 178194.

..



.

.
R.B. Gelykevich
MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF DISC
CUTTER WITH THE GROUND AT LOCKED CUTTING
Key words: efforts, cutting, frozen soils, working bodies.
Presented the results of the theoretical determination of cutting forces frozen soils rotary
cutter to cut on the blocked scheme. This will improve and create new working bodies with such a
tool.

1935 ..,
(1963), , ,
- , 100 ,
1 , 19 .
-
-
,

,
.
56

.. , ..



,
.
: , , ,
, .


,
,
. ,
,
.


.


. ,
.
. ,
- ,
, - .
- () (.1.,)
: -1, -2 -3,
1, 2 3
( ) - 4 1; 5, 2, 6
3 7 8 (.1.).

.
.
(.2,)
(.2,).
.
(.2,) 1,
2 . 3 4
5 6,
. .
(.2,) (.1,) .

(.1,)
(.1,).
()
:
57

- ,
() - n
( - n ) (, )
- n ( - n n n );
- ,
- n ( - n )
- n (
- n n n );
- ,
- n ( - n )
- n (
n n n ));
- ,

, , - n R
- n (
- n R n );
- ,
,
, - n R
- n

- n R n ).
,
-12 -20 -185, -241, -285, -485 ().
R-300 - () -3560
(). (), 1800 -3500 -650, -1500 ().
R-40, R-75, R-90, R-120
- .

,

. ,
,
,
.

.
. -8,
-12, -20 -30
.
-15 LB ()

.

58

.1. ; ) ; )

.2. ; ) ; )
. . ..

59

.. , ..

,
.
, .

I.A. Saydaminov, H.I. Kodirova


ANALYSIS OF CONSTRUCTIONS OF THE MAIN MECHANISMS OF HYDRAULIC
EXCAVATOR IN THE COURSE OF THE LEDGE
In this paper, by analyzing the design of the main mechanisms in the processing of a hydraulic
excavator ledge suggested five design groups of hydraulic excavators.

, 1962 ..,
(1985).
, .. ,
. . . . . 100
. - ,
,
, ,
.
, 1961 .., (1985),
.
. . . .

60


..




.
.
,

, , .
: , ,
.
.
,
,
, .. ,
.


. ,
, , ,
, .
, ,
, , ,
,
, .
,
,
x y ,
f(t) g(t), t [0, T], T
[1]. .1.
. t (),
f(t) g(t) - (, pt).
( )
x, y t: x, y
[3].
(.1 )
, . ,
,
,
Ox,
.

61

1- .
(1) (2)
x y, N .
f1 (t ), t [0, T1 ],

f 2 (t ), t [0, T2 ],

(1)

.....................
f N (t ), t [0, TN ],

g1 (t ), t [0, T1 ],
g 2 (t ), t [0, T2 ],

(2)

.....................
g N (t ), t [0, TN ],

n1 n2 , n1 , n2 1, N , {Tn , n 1, N} -
Tn1 Tn2 ,
N .
,
. ,
[4],

. (1), (2)
(t) (t). ,

. ,
, , .

, .
,
,
.
Bn f
f n (0) , Bng g n (0) ,
:
f n (t ) f n (t ) Bn f

f n (t )

f n (0) , g n (t )

62

g n (t ) Bng

g n (t ) g n (0) ,

[0, Tn], Bn f , Bng

R.

(3)

,
, ,
. f n (t ) g n (t ) , n 1, N
, [0, 1].
:

1
t t n t
, t [0, Tn ], t [0,1], n 1, N ; n R ,
Tn

(4)
f n (t ) f n (t n ),

g n (t ) g n (t n ).


, n f n (t ) g n (t ) ,
Tn n- .


(3) f n (t ) g n (t ) ,
- [0, 1].


f n (t ) g n (t )

, [-1, 1].
An f max f (t ) min f (t ) , Ang max gn (t ) min gn (t )
n

(5)

~ ~
~
, N { f n ( t ) , n 1, N } { g~n ( t ) , n 1, N },
N .

~ ~
f n ( t ) n-
~
[1] 0(,t), g~n ( t ) - n-
0(,t).

~ ~
~
f n ( t ) g~n ( t ) ,
,
.

,
.
[6].


- .
.
:
63

1) ;
2)
;
3) ;
4)
.
.


(3).
. ( f C1 ; g C1 )
( f C 2 ; g C 2 ) C1 C2 , .
. ,
C
C
, n- , f n 1 f n (t1 ) , gn 1 gn (t1 ) ,
T
T
C
C
f n 2 f n (t2 ) , g n 2 g n (t2 ) , t1 [0, n ] , t2 [ n , Tn ] .
2
2
x :
(6)
n n- ,
:
(7)
f n (t ) g n (t ) - ; n -
, (6). n
:
( ), - .
- .
,
f n (t ) g n (t ) (4) (5),
~
f (t ) g~ (t ) .
n

, (3) - (7),
~
f n (t ) (1) g n (t ) (2) f n (t ) g~ n (t ) ,
:

An f

max fn (t ) min fn (t ) , Ang

max gn (t ) min gn (t ) - ,

;
64

1
Tn

- ,

;
n - ,
(6);
Bn f
f n (0) , Bng g n (0) - ,
( )
.
,
,
. ,

,
.
(3) - (7) . ,
~
~ (t ), n 1, N ,
[2]
{ f n (t ), g
n
,
, () ,
, .
(0,1], [-1,1].
~
, f n (t ) g~ n (t ) ,
x y,
, t [0,1]} , { ( , t ),
, t [0,1]} :
{ ( , t ),



( , t ) , ( , t ) ,
[0,1] [-1,1].
,


.
. [2]

.
,
,

.

1. /
.., .., .., .. /
. - : . - 2000. - .4.
- . 52-58.
2. . Linux: . . - .: -,
65

2002. - 496.
3. .., .., .. ,
. - .:, 2004. - 288.
4. .., .., . : . - .:
, 1996. - 392 .
5. .., .., .. : . . - .:
. . . .-. ., 1987. - 600 .
6. ., . : . . - .: ,
1989. - 540 .
8. / .., .., ..,
. ... - .: " +", 1997. - 349c.

..


, ,

,
.
.
.

.
Yu.Sh. Nabotov
SOME INTEGRATED ASPECTS OF PRELIMINARY METHOD OF IMPROVING
DYNAMIC SIGNATURES
The aim of the research is to improve the method of the preliminary processing of the dynamic
signature by taking into account the angle of its incidence and construction defined by the
mathematic models of the normalized signature for the task of authentication of the personality in
the computer information systems. There has been made statistical analysis in the number of dynamic
signatures on the basis of the mathematical models definitions. In addition, there were verified the
proposed methods and they showed, that the record of angle of rotation in the dynamic signatures
can generate the homogeneous normalizing signatures in the statistical discrimination and
consequently, it is necessary to raise the accuracy of the dynamic signatures. Also, new methods for
introducing the program have been developed and on the basis of the proposed approaches were
formed new recommendations on realization of authentication systems.

, 20.12.1982 ..
(2005),
. ,
, , .
yusufnabotov@yahoo.com, .: (+992) 918 420596 ().
66


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4. .
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5.
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-
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2011 . (13,6 . *)
28%.

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Dig SILENT Power Factory 14.0
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1. .
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3. ,
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.

1. .., .. :
, 2002. - 704 .
2. http://www.xn--c1adwdmv.xn--p1ai/news/1518574.html
3. http://h2-auto.ru/electrotehnika.html
4. http://e-audit.ru/quality/no_sinus.shtml
..
.. , ..



, - ,
-500 -500 .

.
A.D. Ahrorova, M.K. Halimjanova
TRANSMISSION LOSSES AND THEIR IMPACT ON ENERGY SECURITY
This article examines the issue of energy security of the country and its relationship with the
losses in networks. The calculation of the loss of the Nurek hydropower plant, 500kV transmission
line and substation Regar-500. Analyzed the main causes of loss of parts of the network, and provides
recommendations to improve the regime of the network.
Key words: energy security, energy losses, harmonic, filter-device.


.. , ..., , :
- ,
, , . Te.:
(+992) 93 512 00 89; E-mail: aalphia @mail.ru
.
.. ,
, , . Te.: (+992) 93 463
33 72; E-mail: munira83@mail.ru
72

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.

1. . . . -2009, . 63.
2. .
(91.2.578.004 ). : "", 1981.
3. .., .., ..
. .: , 1968. 192 .
4. ..
: / . . . -. ., 2000. 204 .
76

5. . .. , .. , ..
. ., , 1971. 304 .
()
()
- . ..

.. , ..

-

- .
.
- .
, .
M. V. Glazyrin, R. H. Diyorov
ANALYSIS AND RESEARCH FRANCIS TURBINES FOR MICRO
HYDROELECTRIC POWER WITH MACHINE DOUBLE POWER
A study of radial-axial turbines. Proposed power generating complex scheme. The
experimental characteristics of the micro hydropower plant. The results of transient changes in the
step electromagnetic torque of the generator.

..,

. 2 , 28
.
. .+7 (383)346-15-68. E-mail: glmik@ngs.ru

.
9 . ,
. E-mail: diyorov@mail.ru

77


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.
A.M. Safarov
ABOUT INTERACTION AMMONIUM ALUM- BERYLLIUM OF AN ALLOY
ADDITION LANTHANUM, WITH OXYGEN OF A GAS PHASE
In clause with the purpose of optimization of structure the interaction alum- beryllium of an
alloy containing beryllium, alloy addition lanthanum, with oxygen of a gas phase is investigated.
Is established, that ammonium alum- beryllium the alloy, alloy addition till 0.05 of weights
of % lanthanum has the raised(increased) stability to oxidation


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1. 13. [ ]. http://www.twirpx.com/file/281675/ (
24.05.2012);
2. 13-. [ ]. http://docs.cntd.ru/document/902272809
( 24.05.2012);
3. .
10 2009 . 720. [ ].
http://www.tehreg.ru/tr_o_bezopasnosti_kol_transp_sredstv.htm.
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, ,
.

.
D.N. Smirnov, A.G. Kirillov, V.A. Nemkov
THE ANALYSIS OF EXISTING METHODS OF EVALUATION OF TECHNICAL
STATUS OF THE REGULATOR OF BRAKING FORCES
In presented article existing techniques of an assessment of a technical condition of regulators
of the brake forces registered in the Russian and European normative documents are considered. On
the basis of existing techniques conclusions are drawn on need of development of objective system of
an assessment of a technical condition of a regulator of brake forces.

, ()

(), +7 905 612 25 38, sdn87@inbox.ru,
, , , ,
,+7 910 773 95 60, kirillov_ag@mail.ru
, , ,
+7 905 614 84 97.

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.
O.T. Shatmanov
LOSS OF BEARING CAPACITY
OF PAVEMENT CORRIDOR FROM EXCESS TRAFFIC INTENSITY
The problems of increasing the strain on the pavement, and the loss of their carrying capacity
from excess traffic of heavy vehicles, methods for the determination of damage transport and
operating costs as a result of traffic over the allowable.

..., . ..
.0772570994.

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24.12.2004/ . - , 2004.- 194 -.: .
182-194.
. .
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.
U.E. Kurmanov
MODELING OF FUNCTIONING TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS CENTER
The article describes the methods for modeling the functioning of transport and logistics
centers


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() ,
.
I.G.Ganiev
PROBLEMS AND PERSPECTIVES OF THE TECHNICAL SERVICE FOR THE SMALL
SCALE DEHKAN FARMS
This article discusses the status of the resource potential of Small Dehkan Farms. Their level
of technical equipment and the proposed expand of Machinery Stations for service repair.

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B. Nuraliev, M.Y. Yunusov
WAYS OF INCREASE THE EFFICIENCY OF DRIVERS PREPARATION SYSTEMS IN
TO THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN
The operating system of drivers preparation in the republic is insufficiently effective and
can't provide quality educational process from the point of view of traffic safety.
In this regard, for improvement of quality of vehicles drivers preparation and decrease in
level of breakdown rate, it is necessary to make active a role of the state system of traffic safety in
work with participants of traffic, including with drivers.

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4.
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7.

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..





.
O.T. SHatmanov
DETERMINATION OF THE STRENGTH OF A PAVEMENT IN TIME TAKING
INTO ACCOUNT THE TOTAL IMPACT OF TRANSPORT LOADS
The article considers the methods for determining the strength of a pavement in time taking
into account the total impact of transport of loads.

..., . ..
.0772570994.

105


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109

.




.

, .

F.N. Nadzhmiddinov
SOME QUESTIONS OF THE STUDY OF SOCIAL FUNCTIONS OF SMALL
ENTERPRISES
In the article the theoretical bases of research some of the issues of social functions of small
enterprises in the modern world. Also carried out the classification of social functions of small
enterprises and the basic directions of their use in Tajikistan, which can reduce poverty.
Keywords: aspects, a comprehensive analysis, small businesses, social function, improved
living conditions, minimize costs, reduce poverty

-
, . (+992)
928373177, -mail simo-tv @ mail.ru.

110




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. ,
,
.
,
.
TAHASSORI ALI
THE ROLE OF SMALL INDUSTRY INCREATION OF JOB PLACES
The article deals with the role of small industry in the modern economics. The author reviews the
problems and contradictions in the front of the small industry development. A special attention is paid on
the condition of small enterprises in the modern world, which became the object of comparison with that
in previous years.

.
13
14

, , www.aftab.com, 2003.
, , www.aftab.com, 2003.

116

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;
.
-
.
N.E.Egorova, V.M.Poletaeva, B. A.Gadoyboev
MODELING OF THE MECHANISM OF FORMATION OF BANKS ' TOXIC DEBTS
The article discusses the economic-mathematical modeling of the formation of the problem of
debt of banks is a recurrent dynamical model of the various categories of debt. To solve the problems
the elimination of bad debts and improve relationships in the chain of "bank - the company" is
proposed to use simulation models of the enterprise, designed to CEMI.

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.



,
, ,
, .
K. K. Rasulov
DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL PARTNERSHIP IN THE
CONDITION OF MARKET ECONOMY
The politics and social- economy reform taken place and transfer to multilevel economy in
the Republic of Tajikistan can be successful only in the condition of social world in conformity with
the position of collective labor relation representing the interest of the employees and the state.

-

.

130

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3. . . -
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134

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.. , . .



, .
. , ,
, .
, ,
: , , , .
.
: , , , , , , , ,
, .
B.R. Qurbonov, R. I. Sanginova
CHEMICAL KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING OF SOME MINERALS IN
ANCIENT WORLD
Problems of studying of chemical knowledge in the ancient world and the processing of
certain minerals were studied to the extent possible. In studying the history of splavaniya of
metals, their processing was easily performed. It is known that the Egyptians, the Greeks, the
Romans knew accessible ways of tempering iron. The article provides the information about the
history of chemistry, the first knowledge that had been received for processing of metals: lead,
tin, copper, mercury and other metals. Whenever possible, they were studied and put into
practice.
Keywords: metal, copper, iron, gold, silver, chemistry, oxides, art, production, history.

135


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1. . . . .: , 1997. 415 .
2. . . .: , 1997. 376 .
3. . . . . .
. .: , 2001. 598 .
4. ., ., ., . .
140

. .: - . -, 1991.
207 .
5. ., ., . . .: , , 1994.
304 .
6. . . . . 2000. 1
(13). . 1112.
7. . . . . .: , 2001. 516 .
8. . . .: ; . 2001. 1040 .
9. : . . : . ., . . .:
, 1991. 414 .
10. . .: , 2002. 742 .
11. . . . 2004. 11. .
6973.
. .

,
. ,
, .
.
: , , ,
.
S. V. Rudakivska
PROBLEMS OF BECOMING ENVIRONMENTAL PHILOSOPHY
YOUNG PEOPLE
In the article the current understanding of the outlook and found the necessary conditions for
the formation of ecological outlook. Specified in existence in our time the elements of historical types
of belief and necessity of environmental education and high environmental technologies.
Keywords: outlook, ideological beliefs, ideological education, ecological outlook,
ecological education.


.

141

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142

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1. .. :
- . . ., 2001.
2. .. . ., 1991. - 1.
3. .. XXI . ., 2003.
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145

4. .. // . ., 1993.
5. . //
. www.stog.ru
6. . . :
. http://www.temadnya.ru/spravka/12feb2003/ 2204.html
7. .. //
. 1995. 4. .154-162. www.ecsocman.edu.ru/db/msg/ 162497.html
8.
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. //
. ., 2002. .25-27.
9. . - .//
. . . ,2002. 4. . 91.

..

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.

.

A.I. Muminov
A COUNTERACT RELIGIOUS EXTREMISM AS SOCIAL IMMINENCE
In the article paint a special ways of notice warning of religious extremism and terrorism.
Religious extremism effect negative influence to all the sphere sociality: the lifes of countries. In the
article consider about international and regional level of counteract religious extremism and
terrorism.

- ,
;
37/1 . . (+992) 90-416-06-86

146


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1.
. . : ( ?)//
. - : ..-,1972. - . 36-57.
2.
. .
// , 1976. -2. - . 68-72.
3.
. ., . . - .
: , 2010. - 226.
,
.., ..

+N4


+N4 ,
,
, .
.
A.V. Mazur, V. N. Gridneva
COMPATIBILITY OF PREPOSITIONAL DECLENSIONAL FORM +
N4 WITH SOME AUXILIARY WORDS EXPRESSING ADVERSATIVE MEANING IN
THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE
The article discusses compatibility of prepositional declensional form + N4
with some auxiliary words expressing adversative semantics in the Russian language. The functions
of auxiliary words and their semantics are described in details.

- , ,

;
- , ,
,
. Email: interdept@vglta.vrn.ru.
, 394087, . , . , 8.. 7 (473) 253-86-10; 253-74-98; 253-76-05
150

.



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: Num 1 orNum 2; Numorso; Numormore; betweenNum 1
andNum 2; Num 1 Num 2, Num (, 1984: 14). :
It was nearly six months since the book had been published; he was glad to think he would never
write anything of the same sort again .
She must have told him at least sixtimes .
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152

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.
:
tons
of
pirates - many pirates, bush of letters- many letters, gallons of water much water, dram of
learning little learning.

: old, young, last, short, long, great, big, wide, small.
(AdvNumN)
,
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.

: : only 2.37 p.m over 3 hours, only 300 peoplebarely 400 people, only 150 fans- around 22 o`clock . : ,
.

: : only, atleast, just, exactly, quite, asmuchas, asgreatas,
asfewas, approximately .- : , , , , , . (
. 2006- 123)

, :
overfasterthan, morethan, above, outside, upward ., : , ,
, : lessthan, beyond, under, barely, closeto .,
: , , , , , .,
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under 20 years, closeto 2, : 6 , 5 .
153

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1. . -
-2006.
2. .. ,
, 1981.
3. 1 , -1986
4. (http://direct.yandex.ru, www.alleng.ru )
.



, ,
,
.
G. Hasanova
THE WAYS OF EXPRESSION OF APPROXIMATE NUMERALS IN TAJIK AND
ENGLISH LANGUAGES
In this article is considered the ways of expression of approximate numerals in tajik and
English languages, what ways are used for the expression of approximate numerals in comparative
languages, and also is considered how translate approximate numerals from English into tajik
language.

.. 2- ,
, . .. .

154


. . , . .



.
:
;
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T.K. Ekshikeev, A.A. Bochkov


ASSESSMENT AND ANALYSIS OF THE COMPETITIVENESS
OF THE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION
Development of methods for quantitative measurement of competitiveness is one of the
conditions of its governance. Estimation of competitiveness of educational institutions to him to
solve the following important tasks: to determine its position in a particular market of educational
services; to develop strategic and tactical measures of effective management; select partners for the
organization of educational activities; to attract funds in the promising directions, etc.


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