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.

- :

F c < , x F >
[ , B]
+
e<E +
, F >= 0
2
2 2
2
2 2
t
+ m c
+ m c
+
1 E
F (t; x; ) F (t ; x; )

[ x , B] = 4e [

] d
2
2 2
2
2 2
c t
3
+m c
+m c
R

1 B

+ [ x , E ] = 0; < x , B >= 0,
c t
< x , B >= 4e [ F + (t ; x; ) F (t ; x; )] d ,

(1)

R3

F (0; x; ) = F0 ( x; ), E (0; x) = E0 ( x), B(0; x) = B0 ( x)

, - ;

R 3 ; x ,
;

- ;

< , >, [, ] -

R3 , e

- ,

m -

E (t ; x ), B (t ; x) -

F (t ; x; ) - .

[1] c . [2]
(1).
[3] (.
[4]) (1).
, [5]
-.
- .
s
m
H ( R , P) ( D u ):

1
2

2
u s, m = C u ( x) dx

S
R3

- .

. ,
(), :

F0 ( x; ), E0 ( x), B0 ( x)

a)
)

F0 ( x; ) H s ( R 6 ; R1 ); E0 ( x), B0 ( x) H s ( R 3 ; R 3 ), S > 4;
SuppF 0 ( x; ) {( x; ) : x < R; < R};

M ; E0 s, 3 N ; B0 s, 3 N ;
s, 6

F0 ( x; ) dxd = 1,
R3R3

F0

R, M, N - .

F (t , x, v) C (0, T0 ; D),

D = {h : h H s ( R 6 , R1 ); h s,6 < 2 M } .

B( F , ) : F (t , x, v) F (t , x, v)

C (0, T0 ; R 6 ) R1

C (0, T0 ; R 6 ) : F (t , x, v) C (0, T0 ; D)
E (t ; x ), B (t ; x ) :

1 E

[ x , B ] = 4e
c t
1 B

+ [ x , E ] = 0;
c t

F+ (t ; x; )
2

R3

m+2 c 2

< x , B >= 0,

F (t ; x; )
2

m2 c 2

] d

E (0; x) = E0 ( x),

< x , B >= 4e [ F+ (t ; x; ) F (t ; x; )] dv; B (0; x) = B0 ( x),


R3

F (t ; x; v) = R ( x y ) F (t ; y; v)dy + (1 ) F (t ; x; v),
R3

R (u ) {R (u ) : 0 R (u ) C ( R3 );

R (u )du = 1}

R3

F (t ; x; v) =
= t

cV
X
=
,
2 2
2
t
V + m c

F0 [ X (t ; x; v), V (t ; x; v)] ,

B( F , )

(2)

B( F , )

X (0; x; v) = x,

dV
[V , B ( X , t )

= m e{E ( X , t ) +
}, V (0; x; v) = v
d
V 2 + m 2c 2

1.

( X ,V )

B / ( F , ) =< Q F0 [Q ( F )], Z [Q ( F ), t ] (Q )d >,


F

Z [Q ( F )] -

, (2),

Q ( F ) = ( X ,V ), [Q ( F )] -

(0, e{E [ F ]( X ,[ F ], t ) + e

[V , B ( X , t )]
2

+ m2 c 2

).

B( F , )

2.

[C (0, T0 ; R 6 ) R1 C (0, T0 ; R 6 )]
r = {h : max h(t ;0) s,6 < r} .

(F , )

r [0;1] ,

0 < t <T0

F0 ( x, v), E0 ( x), B0 ( x) (),


(0, T0 ), T0 > 0 [0;1]
[C (0, T0 ; H s ( R 6 , R1 )] C / [0, T0 ; H s 1 ( R 6 , R1 )]

3.

F c < , x F >
[ , B ]
+
e < E +
, F >= 0 .
t
2 + m2 c 2
2 + m2 c 2
,

F
(t ; x;0)
-.
4.

F (t ; x; v) -

+0,

R (u ) u du 0 ,

R3

max F , (t ,) F (t ,)

0 t T0

s ,6

0, +0 .

2 N ,
. ""

X j (t ) , V j (t ) , e j

m j , j = 1, N .

""

FN (t , x, ) = N 1 R ( x X j (t )) ( V j (t )) ,
j =1

R ( x y )

. ,

R ( x y )

R ( x y )dx = 1 , .

R3

R (u ) {R (u ) :0 R (u ) C ( R 3 ); R (u )du = 1} .
R

dX j
dt
dV j
dt

cV j

2j + m j 2 c 2

= m e j {E N ( X j ) +

, X j (0; x; ) = x j ;
[V j , B N ( X j )]

2j + m j 2 c 2

}, V j (0; x; ) = j ,

E N ( X j ), B N ( X j ) - :

1 E N ( X j )
4 e j N V j R ( X j X i ) V j R ( X j X i )

),
[ x , BN ( X j )] =
(

2
2 2
c
c N i =1 V 2 + m + 2c 2
t
V +m c
j

1 E N ( X j )

[ x , E N ( X j )] = 0 , < x , BN ( X j ) >= 0 ,
c
t
4 e j N
< x , E N ( X j ) >=
( R ( X j X i+ ) R ( X j X i )) ,
N i =1

E N ( X j (0)) = E0 N ( x j ) , B N ( X j (0)) = B0 N ( x j ); j = 1, N .

.

F0 ( x, )

( X j (t ),V j (t )) , j = 1, N - (2).

F0 ( x, ), E0 ( x)

FN (t , x, )

N +

B0 ( x)

()

( N ) +0 , F0N ( x, )

R (u ) u du 0 ,

R3

(1).

2.1 6 [2,.54] 4.
. . ..

1. ..
-.- . . . . . .-. . . , 1986, 57 .
2. Kato T.-Arch. Rational Mech. Anal., 1975, v. 58, p. 181, 205.
3. .., .. .-:
, 1980.
4. .. .-.: , 1984, 95 .
5. . - (17-19.03.1997).
- , . . ,
1997, . 214-217.
M.

-


- .
M. Gadozoda
THE METHOD OF PARTICLES FOR RELATIVISTIC VLASOV-MAXWELL`S EQUATIONS
SYSTEM


.. *, .




,
,
.

( 1 = 1, 2 0 ) m = 0, 1 =

1 ,
R

r
r

1 m = 2, 0 = 1
R
R

T0
T
1 m T qv R 2
+ 2
=
1
0 ( ) f ( Fo) ,
(1)

+
Fo
Fo m

at
at
Fo = 2 , 2 = Fo = 2r ,
R
R

m = 1, 0 =

K ( p, Fo) = exp( pFo) : T ( , p ) = T ( , Fo) exp( pFo)dFo

T
T ( , 0) = f 0 ( ), 0
= f1 ( )
Fo Fo = 0
d m T
q R 2 m

(1 p + 2 p 2 )T ( , p ) m + v
L1 T ( , p ), , p ) =
0 ( ) f ( p) +
d

+ (1 + 2 p) f 0 ( ) m + 2 f1 ( ) m
( 1 = 1, 2 = 0 )

L1 T ( , p ), , p ) =

d
d

(2)

m T
q R 2 m
pT ( , p ) f 0 ( ) m + v

0 ( ) f ( p) = 0 .

(3)

,
f 0 ( ), f1 ( ), 0 ( ) ,
(2), (3) ,
.
,
(0 x < ) f 0 ( ) = T0 , f1 ( ) = 0, 0 ( ) = 0 [1].
(3)
f 0 ( ) = T0 , 0 ( ) = 1 [2].

( 2 0)

( 1 = 1, 2 = 0 )


, , k ( , m), m = 1, 2, ... , n ,

1
m

+ k2 ( , m) = 0

k ( , 0) = cos k , k ( , 1) = I 0 ( k ), k ( , 2) =

= 0,
= 0

sin k

10

k (1)
,

T
T
q ( Fo)

+ Bi T ( , Fo) = Bi ( Fo) +
= 0,
.

=1
=0

m = 0; 1; 2
I ( )

ctg = , 0
= , tg =
Bi I1 ( ) Bi
pn
d
d

= 0,
=0

f ( ),

( f , ) =

( ),

f ( ) ( )d ,

(4)

d
+ Bi ( , m) = 0.

=1
d

d = (m + 1) m d

( d = d , d = 2d , d = 3 2 d
). f ( )

{ k ( , m)}
1

k =1

k =1

f ( )

f ( ) = bk k ( , m) = 0

2
k

( , m) m d

k ( , m).

(5)

( , m) d
m

K ( k , ) = k ( , m) k :
1

T * ( k , Fo) = T ( , Fo) K ( k , ) m d ,

(6)

m T
K ( k , ) m d = k2T * ( k , Fo) + ( , Fo),


0
T
K
K ( k , ) T * ( , Fo)
.
( , Fo) =
=1

1
m

+ BiK ( k , ) = 0
=1

(4)

T
q

= Bi T (1, Fo ) (Fo ) + ,

=1

( , Fo) = K ( k , Fo )Bi[ ( Fo) + q( Fo) ].

( T ( , Fo) ) =1 = ( Fo)
K
,
=1

( , Fo) = ( Fo)


=
=1

( , Fo) =

Rq( Fo)

Rq ( Fo)

K ( k ,1) .

,
T ( k , Fo ) :

1
m

m T

k2T ( k , Fo ) + ( k , Fo ) .

(7)

11

(6) (1) 1 = 1, 2 = 0 .
(7)

dT
q R2
+ k2T ( k , Fo ) = v 0 ( k ) f ( Fo) + ( k , Fo ) ,
dFo

T ( ,0) = f

( k ) = f 0 ( )K ( k , ) m d
0

Fo
q R2

T ( k , Fo ) = f 0 ( k ) exp k2 Fo + v 0 ( k ) f ( ) + ( k , ) exp k2 ( Fo ) d .

T ( k , Fo ) ,

(5) f 0 ( ), 0 ( )

T ( k , Fo )

T ( , Fo ) = 1

k =1

2
k

k ( , m)

(8)

( , m) d
m

(6) T ( k , p ) = T ( , p ) K ( , k ) m d (2).

T ( k , Fo ) =

qv R 2

0 ( k )

f ( p)
f 0 ( k )( 2 p + 1 )
f1 ( ) 2
( k , p )
.
+
+
+
2
2
2
2
2
2
2 p + 1 p + k 2 p + 1 p + k 2 p + 1 p + k 2 p 2 + 1 p + k2

2
2 p + 1
, W 2 ( k , p ) =
.
2
2 p + 1 p + k
2 p 2 + 1 p + k2
W1 ( k , Fo ), W2 ( k , Fo ) ,
W 1 ( k , p ) =

T ( k , Fo ) =

qv R 2 0 ( k )

Fo

+ f ( k )W2 ( k , Fo ) +

f ( )W ( , Fo )d + f ( )W ( , Fo) +
1

Fo

( , )W ( , Fo )d .
k

(9)

(9) (8)
(1)
, .

,

.
,
.
,
. ( 0 x < )
= (t )
a = a(t )

T
T
2T qv ( x, t )

= a (t ) 2 +
, T ( x,0) = f 0 ( x), (t )
= q (t ).
t
x x=0
x
c

(10)

T ( , t ) =

T ( x, t ) cosxdx

(11)

12

T
= 0
x

T
qv ( , t )
2 a(t )
2
2

+ a(t ) T ( , t ) =
+
q(t ), T ( ,0) = f 0 ( ) =
f ( x) cosxdx,
t
c
(t )
0 0

lim T ( x, t ) = 0 lim
x

T ( , t ) = f ( )e

(t )

a~ (t ) = a ( z )dz ,

a(t )

T ( x, t ) =

1
2
+ qv ( , ) +
q( ) exp 2 (a~ (t ) a~ ( ) d ,
c 0

a~ ( t ) 2

1
= const.
c

( , t ) cos xd .

b 2

cos y =

22 b

y2
4b

1
cos x cos = [cos( x + ) + cos( x ) ]
2


x = 0

T ( x, t ) =

2 a~ (t )
+

1
2c

( x + )2
( x )2
f 0 ( )exp ~
exp
+

4a~ (t ) d +

4a (t )

q ( )
x2
exp

4a~ (t ) a~ ( ) d +
~
~
a (t ) a ( )

qv ( , )
( x + )2
( x )2
+
exp
+ exp 4(a~ (t ) a~ ( ) ) dd .
2c 0 0 a~ (t ) a~ ( ) 4(a~ (t ) a~ ( ) )

a (t ) = a = const, (t ) = = const
t

E ( x , ; t , ) =

1
2

( x )2
1 ( x + )2
exp
+ exp 4a (t ) ,
t 4a (t )

T ( x, t ) =
=

1
a

f 0 ( ) E ( x, ; t ,0)d +

q( ) E ( x, ; t , )d +
0

q ( , ) E ( x, ; t , )dd ,
v

0 0

x [2]. [5].



( 0 x < , < y, z < + ) .
( < x < )

U
= 0 ):
x x

( lim U ( x, t ) = 0 , lim
x

2
2U
U
2 U
=
a
+ h( x, t ), U ( x,0) = f ( x),
= ( x)
1
2
2
t
x
t t =0

13

1
2

U ( , t ) =

U ( x, t ) e

ix

2U
= a12 2U ( , t ) = h ( , t ), U ( ,0) = f ( ),
2
t

= ( ) ,
t t =0

U ( , t ) = f ( ) cos a1t + ( )

sin a1t
1
+
h ( , ) sin a1 (t )d .
a1
a1 0
t

[6]

1
2

U ( x, t ) =
+

1
2

( , t )e

ix

d =

( ) sin a1t ix
1
e d +
a1
2

1
2

( ) cos a1te ix d +

h ( , ) sin a1 (t ) ipx
d e d .
a1
0

+ t

eia1t + e ia1t ix
1 1
f

e d =
f ( )e i ( xa1t ) d +
(
)

2
2 2
+
1
1
+
f ( )e i ( x+a1t ) d = [ f (x + a1t ) + f ( x a1t )].

2
2

1
2

x+a t

1
sin a1t ix
1 e i ( xa1t ) e i ( x+a1t )
1
e
=
=
e iz d ,
2a1
2a1 xa1t
a1
i

1
2

x + a1t
1 x+a1t iz
1
1
e
dz
d

=
dz

2a1 xa1t
2
2a1 xa1t

( )

d
0

1
2

iz
( )e d =

x+a t

1
1
( z )dz.
2a1 xa1t

x + a1 ( t )
iz

sin a1 (t ) ix
1
e
=
e dz
2a1 xa1( t )
a1
+

h ( , )

x + a ( t )

1
sin a1 (t ) ix
1
e d =
d

h( z , )dz.
a1
2a1 0 xa1( t )



x+a t

x + a ( t )

1
1
1
1
1
U ( x, t ) = [ f ( x + a1t ) + f ( x a1t )] +

(
z
)
dz
+
d

h( z , )dz. (12)
2a1 xa1t
2a1 0 xa1( t )
2

h( x, t ) = 0 ,
.

. ,
[6]
.
(12) U = T ( x, t ),
, a12 = a t r ,

f ( x) = f 0 ( x), ( x) = f1 ( x), h( x, t ) = qv ( x, t ) x .

a
= wr [2], tr
tr

14

x+ w t

T ( x, t ) =

x + w ( t )

1
1
1
[ f 0 (x + w1t ) + f 0 (x w1t )] + 1 f1 ( z )dz + 1 d qv ( z, )dz. (13)
2 w1 xw1t
2w1c 0 xw1 ( t )
2

tr

T
2T
2T qv ( x, t )
T

=
+
, T ( x,0) = f 0 ( x),
a
= f1 ( x),
= q (t )
2
2
t
x
x x=0
c
t t =0

- (11)

tr

2 q (t )
qv ( , t )
2T
2
+
(
,
)
=
+
,
a

t
2
c
c
t

T ( ,0) = f ( ) =

T
= f1 ( ),
f 0 ( x) cos xdx,
t t =0

f ( ) p
f ( )
1
T ( , p ) = 20 2 2 + 2 1 2 2 +
p + wr
p + wr
ct r

q ( , p )
2 q~ ( p )
2v 2 2 +

p 2 + wr2 2
p + wr

a t r = wr2 . -

W1 ( , t ) =

W 1 ( , p) =

1
p
, W 2 ( , p) = 2
2 2
p + wr
p + wr2 2
2

[2]

sin wrt
, W2 ( , t ) = cos wrt.
wr
T ( , t ) = f 0 ( ) cos wr +

f1 ( ) sin wrt
+
wr

t
t
1 qv ( , ) sin wr (t )
2 q( ) sin wr (t )
d .
(14)
+
d +

0
wr
ct r 0
wr

T ( x, t ) =

( , t ) cos xd .

(14)

f 0 ( , t ) cos wrt cos xd =

1 2
2

( )[cos( x + wr t ) + cos( x wr t ) ]d .

sin wrt cos x


1
[sin(x + wr t ) + cos(x wr t ) ] = 1
=
2wr
2wr
wr

x + wr t

cosd ,

x wr t

1
f1 ( , t ) sin wr t
cos xd =
2wr
wr

x + wr t

x wr t

1
f ( ) cos xd =
2wr

x + wr t

f ( )d .
1

x wr t


15

1
1
2
sin wr (t )
d
f v ( , )
cos xd =

2cwr t r
cwr tr 0

0
t

x + wr ( t )

q ( , )dd .
v
0 x wr ( t )

t
t

2 sin wr (t )
2
sin wr (t )
(
)
cos
(
)
cos xd .
=

0 0
wr

r
0
0

sin l

l = wr (t ) > 0 :

2 sin wr (t )

cos xd <

H [x, (t )] =

2 sin wr (t )

2 sin wr (t )

d = 1.

cos xd .

1
1
T(x,t) = [ f 0 ( x + wr t ) + f 0 ( x wr t )] +
2
2wr
+

1
2cwr tr

x + wr ( t )

qv ( , )dd +

0 x wr ( t )

x + wr t

f ( )d +
1

x wr t

1
q( )H [x, (t )]d .
cwr tr 0

. ,
,

, k
.
. . ..
* ,

1. ., . - , 1969, 4, . 112-119.
2. .. . ., , 1967, 600 .
3. .., .. 3. . - , 2002, . 7,
. 138142.
4. .. . ., -
, 2005, 568 .
16

5. .. - - , 1961, . 4, 1, . 120123.
6. . . .,.: , 1948, 382 .

.. , .




.

.
k

.
P.V. Tsoi, Sh. Nuriddinov
THE NEW DEMONSTRATION OF DALAMBER FORMULA AND SOLVING EQUATION IN
HYPERBOLIC AND PARABOLIC TYPES OF HEAT CONDUCTIVITY

17


.


, N ,

m I. ,
,
.

- X ( x ; y ; z )

r
M ( M x ; M y ; M z ) .

( ; ; )

r
P( px ; p y ; pz )


2
N
N
N
r r
r
P
M i M i
H =
( X , , )) ,
( i +
+ 1

r r
r r
H ( Pi , M i , X i , i ) =

i =1

2m

i =1

2 I

i =1

ij

ij

(1)

ij - j- i- ,
.
(1)
.
,

r r

Pm ( X , ) ,
r r
Pm ( X ; ) =

r r
r
r
Pm i ( X X i ) ( i ) ,

(2)

mi - .

,

r r
Pm ( X , , )
t

r r

J mt
( X , )

r v
Jm ( X , )

(a

r r

Jmr
( X , , ))

r r

= I m ( X , )

(3)

Pm ( X , ) , (t) (r)
r r
, Im ( X , ) -
r r
Pm ( X , )
(2).
,

r r
< Im(X, ) >t ,
r r
( X , )
(3). P
m

(3),

r r
n( X , ) =

i =1

r r
H ( X , ) =

H (X
i =1

(X

r r
r
X ) ( i )

r r
r r
r
X ) ( i ) , Hi (1), < Im ( X , ) >t 0 .

(3)
,
(3)
.
(3), [2]
[1], ,
,
[3]. , ,

18

(
r r
N
r r
r v
r
r

Pi

(
J
X
( X i X ) ( i ) r , ) =
J t ( X , ) =
i =1 m

( r r r r
1
I
M
i ( Xi X ) (i ) ,
N

(4)

i =1

(r r
(v
r r
r
r r
Pi = Pi mu ( X it ) M i = M i I : ( X , t ) -
.
r
,

r r

( u ( X , t ) )

r r

( ( X , t ) ) .

(4)
,

[4, 5].

,
[4].

r
r v
r
r v
J t ( X , , t ) J r ( X , , t ) ,
r r
r
r
n ( )
~
~
~
J t ( X , , ) = K tr ( i ) ( X , ) + K tt ( i ) u ( X , ) D tt ( i )

X
(5)
T ( ) ~

~
~

( a n ( )) Ttt ( i )
( a T ( ))
Ttr ( i )
D tr ( i )
X


J

r
r
n ( )
~
~
( X , ) K rt ( i ) u ( X , ) D rt ( i )

X
T ( )

~
~
n ( )) T rt ( i )
( a T ( ))
T rr ( i )

r r
~
( X , , ) = K rr ( i )

~
D rr ( i )

( a

(5) D, ,
(. [5]).
, .
1. tt << rt , tr << rr ,
,
:

r r
r r
1 Pt ( X , , t ) 2 tt2
1 Pt ( X , , t )
tt
D
Dtt ( ) =
;. M tt ( ) =
.

2 2
2 2
m
n
n
m
T 1 + tt
T 1 + tt

(6)

tt =

tt

r r
1
( X , )F% (t ) > .
=
<
dt
F
0

3nmkT 0

2. rr << rt , tr << tt ,
, ,

r r
r r
1 Pr ( X , , t )
rr
1 Pr ( X , , t ) 2 rr2
D
; M rr ( ) =
.
Drr ( ) =

2 2
2 2
I
I
n
n
T 1 + rr
T 1 + rr

(7)

rr =

rr

1
=
3 nIkT

r r

0 dt < N ( X , ) N% ( t ) > 0

19

, tt , rr << rt , tr tt , rr >> rt , tr ,
,
,
, ,
.

, r 1

12 (r ) = 1
(8)
1 , r > 1 ,
4 r12 r 6


*
(r )
(r ) = 12
- ; *

; r=Xij/ - , -
..
*

[6.7]
*

2 n* ,
r 1;
2(1 n ) 3

to ( r 1) + 2 C (1+ )( r 1)
0e
3 1e
y(r ) =
,
*

r (1 n ) 2

r2
1,

n=

3
6m

1 < r < 2;

g 0 (r ) = e

(r )
*

y (r )

(9)

- ,

,
(, ).

tt (T )
tt (T ) () (1=1388 /3 2=1436 /3)
. 1.

tt

tt

(,|).
(. . 3,. 1).

. ,

,
(8) .
(6) (7)

g 0 (r ) ,

20

*
n

tt = 20, 41.10 * (r ) g 0 (r )r 2 dr ,
,

0
T
g 0 (r ) (9).
13

.2

(10)

tt tt , .3 ( 2) D tt (T )
. (9),

, ,|,, ,) , , [8]

. ,
, ,
.
. , Dtt ( ) ,
M ttD ( ) . ,
,
( ),
(
).
Dtt ( ) M ttD ( ) ,
,
- .
, -

,
,

P
P
,

n T T n

21

.1.
tt ( )
tt ( )
g 0 (r )

.2.
tt ( )
tt ( )
g 0 (r )

.4.
Dtt ( ) M ttD ( )

. 3.

.4.
Dtt ( )

D
M tt ( )
22
=1230 /3 .

. . ..

1. .. . .: , 1971, 416 .
2. .. - . , 1998, .41, 2-3, .31-35.
3. .. - . , 1999, .42, 10, .42-45.
4. . .- i i i ii
. . . . 2002, 4, .52-56.
5. C., . ., . . - , 2005, . 50, 7,
.669-673
6. .., . . - . , 1989, . 32, 8, .521-524
7. . ..
. , - 1998, 230 .
8. Bailey C.J., Kellner K. Physics, 1968, v.39, . 444-462.

.



, ,
. ,
,

.

.
. Abdurasulov
TO THE PROBLEM OF MOLECULAR THEORY OF DYNAMICAL PROCESS OF
MASS TRANSFER IN ASYMMETRIC LIQUIDS

23

.., .. , ..

-
,
,
, .
: , , ,
,

,
.

() ,

.

, ()
,
, .

.
1. , ,
,
()

.
2.

.
,

. ,
.


() ,
, ,
.

.
()


.
.

.

:

P
= f
eE
CP


SW = f
CP

(1)

(2)

24



[1,2]

p
eE

10 4
Cp

1 (800, 890, 1700 3372 ...., = 3 . );


2 (800, 890, 1700 3372 ...., = 12 );
3 (800, 890, 1700 3372 ...., = 3 . );

. 1.

eE

,
Cp

... ( = 293 ).

SW =

,
eE Cp

(3)

, =298 ,

eE

Cp

; (3).

SW 104

10 4
Cp

. 2.
, ...
( = 293 ). . 1.

25

.1,
. , = 3 .

= 12 . (
, = 24 .
( SW =

eE

Cp

) (
) (.2) [1].
eE Cp
Cp

(1) (2) ,
.

, :
- (h=800,890,1700 3372 ....), =3 .

P
= 3,5 10 8
eE
CP

+ 2,42 10 5

C
P

41,37 .

(4)

- (h=800,890,1700 3372 ....) ,


= 12 .

P
= 4,31 10 7
eE
CP

+ 4,27 10 4

C
P

9,01 .

(5)

- (h=800,890,1700 3372 ....),


=24 .


P
= 2,266 0,62 10 4
eE
CP

(6)

(4)-(6)
- 293-358 , .
. . ..

26


1. .., .., .. .
.-.: ,1985, 304 .
2. .. -
, . . .
. c. ..., , 2006

.., .. , ..

c
.
.
U.T.Khojaeva, M.M.Safarov, M.S. Saidulloeva
MECANICAL AND THERMOPHYSICAL PROPERTIES IZOLETION ABS-PLASTICS

27


.. , . *, . , . ,** .




[1-4] ,
, .
,
, , .


, .
[5-7].

, L (BH4)3 3 , L ,
, ; .
[7] .
()
150 . .
2 . ., 0,5.
( ).
,

.

, :

M(BH4)3 . 3 + 3NaCl,
(1)
LnCl3 + 3NaBH4
t= (29 37)0C
Gd, Er, Yb Lu.
NaCl .

340 .
Ln(BH4)3 . 3 .
[8] Ln(BH4)3 . 3 ,
.
Ln(BH4)3 . 3 370
395 .
Gd, Er, Vb Lu
. ,

420 530 .


3.
(.1)

,
CaB6, SmB6 (a =
0.4150 v = 7.14703 3).
.

28

1


J
Q
hKl

Sin2Q
.
.
. 15.25
0.069185
0.069022
110
SmB6
. 15.40
SmH2
. 18.77
0.103535
0.103533
111
SmB6
.

21.80

0.137914

0.138044

200
SmB6

.. 22.60
SmH2
.
.
..

.
.

24.55
25.20
27.05
30.20
31.70

0.172629

0.172555

210

0.206813

0.207066

211

0.276120

0.276088

220

32.00

SmB6
SmH2
SmB6
SmH2
SmB6
SmH2

.- , .- , ..-

,
:
[Ln(BH4)3] = 0,5 [LnB6] + 0,5 [LnH2] + 5,5(2),

(2)

Ln - Gd, Er, Yb Lu.



Ln(BH4)3,
lgPH2 = f(1/T), , .2.

(.2).
2

lgP2, . = A/T 103

H0,
.-1

S0,
.-1-1

Gd(BH4)3

3.70.1

6.80.3

450 540

429.720

753.030

Er(BH4)3

4.1 0.1

7.40.3

450 530

457.730

785.040

Yb(BH4)3

3.80.1

7.30.3

440 540

430.120

790.030

Lu(BH4)3

4.30.1

7.30.3

470 630

488.330

781.040



. ,

, ( 2),

[9 12].
29



, , (.3).
3


(2)

H0298,
S0298,
- fH0298,
S0298,
- fG0298
0,
/ /
/ / / /
Gd(BH4)3

39830

75940

56830

32

33840

3714

Er(BH4)3

45035

76450

64330

42

39340

3735

b(BH4)3

52835

76940

63130

29

39940

3745

Lu(BH4)3

48435

76750

64630

29

40140

3745

,
, ,
.
,
,

.
. . ..
* - . .
**

1. :
8- . ., , 2005, 670 .
2. : 4- . . 2004, :
, 2004, 586 .
3. .., .., .. - .
, 2004, 1, . 18
4. 5- . .
( - 2007) , , 21 25 2007, . 1,2.
5. Abstracts of XVI International Conference on chemical thermodynamic in Russia (RCCT
2007) and X International Conference on the Problems of Salvation and Complex Formation in
Solutions, Suzdal, 1 6 July, 2007 vol. 1, 35 p, vol.2, 350 p.
6. Abstracts of X International Conference of Hydrogen Materials Science and Chemistry of
Carbon Nan materials, Sudak Crimea Ukraine, 22-28 September, 2007.
7. .., ..
. : 1988, 271.
8. .., .., .., . 9 . .
, , ,
2005, . 218 219.
9. .., .. . 4 .
2003, , 22-26 . 2003, , . 549 551.

30

10. .., ..
: 8 . . ICHMS 2003, , 14 20 . 2003, ,
. 76 77.
11. .., .. . . , 2006, .80, 9, . 1713 1716.
12. .. . . , 1990, .33, 5, . 316-319.
.. , . , . , , . , .


, ,
.
.
.
, ,
, .
A.B. Badalov, B.A. Gafurov, M. Ikramov, I.Z. Khacerov, I.B. Shaimurodov
THERMIC DECOMPOSITION AND THERMODINAMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF
BOROHYDRIDS LANTANINDS OF ITTRIUM SUBCLASSIFICATION

31

.. , .. , .. ,
..*, ..


,
,

,
,
, .
-
, , . ,
, - ,
- , ,
- , ,
,
, [1-4].
, MFxnHF,
(), (), n= 1 4,

[4-7].
[4, 8-10].
, [4] ,
, MNF2,

300600. ,
, .
,
.

:
2 , 5 HF
BaF2.4,5HF

HF (100 )
HF ( 224 )
BaF2.2HF

BaF2.HF

BaF2

(1)

HF ( 98 c )
BaF2.3HF

.
[4], SrF22,5HF :
o

0 , 5 HF ( 82 C )
2 HF (145 C )
SrF22HF
SrF2.
SrF22,5HF
, F22HF 2HF 1300
.
.
.
[11- 13]
- ,
() .
[4, 8 -13] ,
. (
30%) , (30% )
- .

.
- [14,15] ,
. ,
450 [16]
.
0,4 .., 1 .

32


.
MF2HF 30%-
MCO3 + 3HF = MF2HF + CO2 + H2O,
Sr Ba.
MF22HF 40%-
HF
MCO3 + 4HF = MF22HF + H2O+ CO2.
SrF22,5HF 45%- HF.
:
300 .

,
(.1).
1



SrF22,5HF
SrF22,5HF() = SrF22HF + 0,5 HF()
(1)
SrF22HF
SrF22HF() = SrF2() + 2HF()
(2)
SrF2HF
SrF2HF() = SrF2() + HF()
(3)
F22HF
F22HF() = F2HF + HF()
(4)
F2HF
F2HF() = F2 + HF()
(5)
,
300 .
. ,
, ,
.
(). .2
HF,
SrF2HF.
, lgP=f(

1
), ,

, .3.
t-
95%.
2
( ...) (t,0C) SrF2HF
t
P
t
P
t
P
t
P
1

35
24
75
250
96
591
61
163
38
41
81
323
92
527
58
130
46
57
84
364
89
466
52
112
50
74
89
458
84
394
49
90
57
110
93
503
82
358
32
27
63
146
95
554
80
316
30
24
71
220
97
595
72
227
99
652
2

31
25
70
206
99
660
69
225
36
36
74
247
98
624
60
134
41
49
79
302
92
522
52
115
49
74
81
326
84
363
45
62
33

53
56
59
64
66

93
104
128
153
175

85
94
96
98
101

394
551
592
640
704

81
74

332
239

36

35

,
,
.4.
.
3

lgK=,

SrF22,5HF
SrF22HF
SrF2HF
F22HF
F2HF

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)

1302 105
4634 98
2489 115
2566 110
5000 120

4,89 0.15
17,86 0.21
9,57 0.16
9,53 0.13
10,20 0.20

305-380
304-384
308-384
302-360
360-400
4

SrF22,5HF
SrF22HF
SrF2HF
F22HF
F2HF

G0
S0
0
-1

-1
-1
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)

24.91 1.67
88.76 2.93
47.69 2.51
49.12 2.91
95.69 3.01

38.52 1.21
286.96 8.88
128.16 8.88
127.36 6.92
140.08 7.11

10.43 2
3.25 3
9.50 3
11.17 3
53.94 3

. . ..
*

1. . . . :. , 1985, 220 .
2. . . . .: ,1990,162 .
3. ., . . .:, 1982, 276 .
4. .., .. . , . : , 1973,
148 .
5. Cox I.D, WagmanD.D., and MedvedevV.A, CODATAK. Thermodynamics,Hemisphere
Publ.Corp., N.Y., 1989.
6. Gurvich L.V, Veyts, I.V. and Alcock, C.B.Thermodynamic Properties of Individual Substains,
Fourth Ed., v.1, Hermisphere Publ.Corp.,N.Y,1989
7. Gurvich, L.V., Veyts I.V., and Alcock, C.B., Thermodynamic Properties of Individual Substains,
Fourth Ed.,V.3, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1994.
8. Opalovsky A.A., Fedorov V.E., Fedotova T.D. J.ThermAnal., 1969,v.1, p.301
9. .., .., .., .. II
. ., 1970, .41.
10. . ., . . - . , 1970,. 13, 40.

34

11. . . . ,. . , . . .. .
, 1984 . 27, 6,. 320- 323 .
12. . ., .., ., . - . , 1986,
29, 5, . 287- 289.
13. .., .., .. .. - , 2005, .XLVIII,
11-12, .65.
14. .. .-.:, 1970, 208 .
15. .. .- : , 1975,
261.
16. .., .. . .:, 1978, 296 .
.. , . , . , .. *, ..



.

, .
D.K. Khakimova , D. Sh. Sharipov , G.K Rusmatova ,
T.Ch. Idrisov, A.B. Badalov
THERMODYNAMIC CHARACTERISTIC OF THE THERMIC DECOMPOSITION
OF Sn AND Ba HYDROFLUORIDES

35


X. , . .

[1] ,
, [2] . ,
.
[3-5],
: ,
.

:

2 1n ,

2 - ;

1n - ( ).

2 1n = [m l ( f 3 sin a + 2 f 3 f1 cos 2 a / 2 )]

1 / 2

f 1[(1 f 3 f ) sin a ( f 3 + f ) cos a ] +

+ f 1[(1 f 3 f ) sin a ( f 3 + f ) cos a ]

f 1[(1 f 3 f ) sin a ( f 3 + f ) cos a ] +

+ f 1[(1 f 3 f ) sin a ( f 3 + f ) cos a ] +

(1)

+ f 1[(1 f 3 f ) sin a ( f 3 + f ) cos a ] +

+ f 1[(1 f 3 f ) sin a ( f 3 + f ) cos a ].

(1) 1 - ( ),
.
:
n

2 = 1+

r+s
( 3 1 ) ,
r

r - () .
, ,
(), :

+ r + s 1P + m s ( 212 3 1 ) ( 3 1 ) ,
N T = n
U 31 1

U 31 = 3 / 1 - ;
1, 2, 3 - ;

(2)

n - () .
36

(2) :
. ,
, ;
( ) ;
..
, , , .
. ,
, ,
, .
.
,
- ,
,
.
.
- -
-. ,
.
:

m n = (m0 + mn' ) + (R n h b ) .

dm n dm 0 dmn'
d
+ (Rn h b p )
=
+
dt
dt
dt
dt

mn
m0

- n- ;
- ,
- ;

mn'

- n-1 ;
- n- ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- ;
- .

Rn
h
b

dm0
dmn'
= 0,
=0
dt
dt

d
=
dt

dm n
= (R n h b ) ,
dt

- .

Rn1 = R 0 +(n 1) h
R0

m n = (Rn21 R02 ) b ,

- n-1 ;
- .

'
n

m ,

.
.
:
J1 = J 01 + J g1 ,

J01 - ;
37

Jg1 - - 0 ,

J g 1= (R13 h b d ).
0

n- ()
:

J n = J 01+b (Rn1 R04 ) + Rn3 h ,


2

Rn1 = R 0 +(n 1) h .
,

n- :

b 4

(Rn1 R04 ) + (Rn3 h b )


J sn= J 01+
2

m0 + (R 0 + (n 1) h )n 1 R02 b
2

(3)

4 Rn2
(R n h b ) }
sin 2 / 2,
( )

Rn1 = R 0 +(n 1) h .
(3) ,

,
. ,
,
, , , , ,
, ..
. . ..

1.

.. . . , 1950.

2.

.. .
, , 1995.

3.

. . , 41, , 1984.

4.

, .. 179, , 1987.
5.

., .. , 2005, XLVIII, 9-10.

38

. , ..


,
.
,
.

H. Saidov, A.H. Babaeva


TO THE PROBLEM OF DYNAMIC ROTATION OF ROLLER DURING SAW GINNING
PROCESS OF COTTON

39

. , . , ..

-

-
, .
-,
- , , .

-.
, -
1,52 ,
. -

,
.
- ,

.
-
14 25 .
-,
( ):
1 ( ):
- 9,0; - 10,0; - 11,0; V-13,0;
2 ( ):
- 12,0; - 13,0; - 15,0; V - 17,0;
3 ();
- 14,0; - 16,0; - 18,0; V - 20,0; V - 22,0.
.
-,
, [1].
1

, %

V
V
V
V

9
9,1 12,0
12,1 14,0
> 14,0
10,0
10,1 13,0
13,1 16,0
> 16,0
11,0
11,1 15,0
15,1 18,0
> 18,0
13,0
13,1 17,0
17,1 20,0
20,1 22,0

,




8
8
7
6
8
8
7
6
7
7
6
6
6
5
4
3

,
400
350
300
250
370
300
250
200
350
300
250
230
300
250
200
150

40

, ,
-77 -60 , -60
-. , ,
,
-60 -77, . 2.
2
-60 -77

9,6 / 10,8

4,4 / 4,6

9.0 / 9,4

4,2 / 4,4

8,7 / 9,2

4,0 / 4,2

: -60, -77.
-60 ,
. , - ,
10-15 1,01,5 , -60
1,11,6 .
,
,
14 25 [2].
,
-.
,
, -
,

. ,
-,
1301600
.
, - ,
- ,
.

,
.
-1
( ) -
IIIV 30 ,
10,2; 13,8 19,8%
4,2; 6,5 8,4%,
9326- II-III - 10,0 18,5%
3,5 6,7% .
210 . 3.

, -,
. . 4.

41

, %
10,2
13,8
19,8
10,0
18,5

,
,

.
/
, 0


1
1
9
9
115
100
1
1
1
1
8
8
160
145
1
1
1
2
8
6
250
150/130
1
2
9326 -
1
1
6
6
140
110
1
1
1
2
4,5
4,5
250
150/120
1
2

: ) ,
; ) .
,
,


0,6-1,0 ,
.
,
- ,
- ,
, .
4
-

-, %

, %

, %
, %:

-,
%

-, %

-
-
-
10.2
13.8
19.8
10.0
18.5
8.8
10.8
11.4
6.2
9.5
9.0
9.1
9.8
7.0
8.5
1.4
3.0
8.4
3.8
9.0
1.2
4.8
10.0
3.0
10.0
90.8
87.2
83.4
88.5
84.1
92.7
89.3
86.2
90.2
86.0
35.6
30.4
25.6
29.2
27.4
28.3
25.6
23.6
27.3
26.2

3.3
2.8

3.6
3.1

3.8
3.4

3.3
3.0

4.6
4.2

- -60
.
,

.

42

. . ..

1. - ( 02 - 97). .:
, 1997.
2. . , .. , .. .
-. , V, , 2002, 11-12.- . 130 - 137.
3.
.., .. , ..



. ,
-60 .
,
.
S. Z. Zulfonov, X. I. Ibrogimov, F. M. Safarov
SOME PROBLEMS OF STORING AND DRYING OF RAW COTTON DEVIDED
INTO DISTRICTS

43

.. , .. , ..
-

-
-

. -

.
, .

.

-
. ,


.
,
.

. [1]:

=0
2 k cos 2
2 k sin 2
y
x
x

2 k sin 2
+ 2 k cos 2
=0
y
x
y

-
(.1).

= 0.

[2].

1
arccoc 2
2

. 1.
.

, , .
. ,
- - 21.
. [1]
- 21 01, .
,

44

( d d 2 d ) = 0,
( d 2 d d ) = 0,
.
(. .1.) 21-11
21-11-10
[2]. 11-10 11-01
10-11-01-00
( ).

.
,
, - .
.
,
. ,
.
. ,
--21 ,
-21.

= K

21
, (5)
, .

( 2k ) = const
( + 2k ) = const

,
.
[3], , ,
,

.
00 .
-00-1 0 10-00-
. -00- 10-00-1 0 -
, .

, -
, x , y ,

x , y X

x = k sin 2 ,
y = + k sin 2 ,

(1)

y = k cos 2 ,
x = k cos 2 (

).

- ,
, . ,
(1), - -001 .

45

.2.

2k

2k

2k

. 3.

2k

.
.2

y
2k

.4

y
2k

y
2k

y
2k

2k

. .3

2k

.4.

y
2k

2k

.5.

2k

2k


, . ,
,
. ,
.

46

. 7.

x
2k

. 6.

2k

2k

2k

.
, - , ,
, (1), .00-1 0 1 0 - .
.5
6.

x
2k

. 7

2k

2k

x
2k

x
2k

. .

x
2k


.
. . ..

1. .. . .: ,
1972, 408 .
2. .. . .:
, 1975, 5, 324 .
3. ., . . .: ,
1965, 288 .
.. , .. , ..



. ,
.
S.T. Rahmatov, I.M. Mirzoaliev, A.N. Ubaidullaev
STRESS-DEFORMATED CONDITION OF METAL BY PRESSING OF HOLLOW UPPERS

47

..


,
.
,
. , ,
. , ,
(, , -
..). ,
, :
. , ,
, , ,
. ,
, , .
,
, , , . ,
, ,

.
:
, , ; ,
.
-
. - ,
.
,

.
, ,
,
,
.
, ,
, . ,
, .
1800
.
101
, .

,
, . ,
.
, .
, ,
, .
,
.
.

.

48



, .
,
.

.



1022 , 301
(., )
1022 ,
. 1022 ,
, .
1022 : ,
, .
, .
, 401
(., .) 1800 (., ).
2,
.

. : - 301; 401; - 401.


,
, .
49

. :
, , , .
: , ,
, ,
. , .

.
.
....
..


,
. ,
1022 ,
1800 .

.
.
D.S. Mansurova
WORKING SYSTEMS AND MECHANISMS OF THE NEW SEWING-MACHINE OF
DOUBLE SPINNING CHAIN STITCHES

50

. *, .. *, .. *,
.. , . .



, . .
(
) .
. , -5, 142,4 .
() .
II -.
- 1.
, = , 1 = 1 , = 0,5 , = - ,
,
R1.

1 , ,

1.

T = m 2 + 0,5 m 3 + 0,5 J 2 r 2 + 0,5 J 5 R12 & 2 + m 2 + 0,5 J 2 r 2 & 2 2 +

+ 0 , 5 J 5 R1 ( e )& 2 + 0 , 5 m 2 ( 0 , 5 e ) & 2 + 0 , 5 J 4& 2


2

(1)

d
m
d
+
+ 2m2 e
= J 0 + 2 + 1,5m3 + m4 2
d

12
d1
1
2

dp
d
d
+ 0,25m2 e
+ m4

+ 1,5m3
d
d

1
1
1

(2)

, II :

51

&& && + ( 2 + 3 )& 2 = 0


&& + & 2 = 0

(3)

d
2 = 2 m2 + m3 + 4 + J 5 R12 + J 2 R12 + m1
4

d
K 3 = m 2 + m5 + 4 + J 5 R1 2 + J 2 R1 2 + m1
3

d
m
d d 2

K 4 = m 2 + m3 4 + m1 + J 5 R1 2 + J 2 R1 2

4
d 2

K 5 = (2m5 sin m5 cos )

d 2 p dp
2
2

cos

K 6 = m5 p sin +
2
d

2
d d 2
2
d 2 p dp

, K 8 = m8 cos +
K 7 = m5 p sin 2

2
d

d 2
d

m4
+ J 5 R1 2 + m5 cos 2 sin 2 .
4
m

a1 = 3m5 K 91 , a 2 = m2 m3 + 4 + J 5 R12 + m5 cos 2 K 91 .


3

K + K 2 + K3 + K 4 + K5 + K6 + K7
C= 1
.
K1 + K 8
K 9 = m 2 + m3 +

(3) .
.
- .
(.2),

1 1 = 2 2 = 1 = 2 ; 11 = 2 1 = l;
B1 1 = 2 2 = l 1 .

1 2 = 2 2 = r ;

52

2.

:

(1 e )& 2 + &12
2
= 0,5 J 1
+ m (1 e ) 2 + &12 + J 2& 2 +
2
R1

1
2
+ m3 e12& + J 4& 2 + m4 (1 0,5e ) & 2 + &12 + J 5 &12 + & 2 2 +
4
2
2
+ m5 12& 2 + &12 + J1 R 2 ( 2 e) + & 22 + m7 ( 2 e) & 2 + & 22 +

2
+ 0,25m8e 2 & 2 + J 8 & 2 + m9 [( 2 0,5e ) & 2 + & 22 + J 9& 2 +

+ J10 r 2 ( 2& ) + & 22 + m10 [( 2& ) + & 2


2

].

(4)

&& + &&1 + && 2 = d ( N11 N 2 2 )


a1 &&1 + a 2 &&2 + a3& 2 = a 4 ( N 1 + N 2 ) + a5 (F2 F1 )

(5)

a = J1 R12 ( 1 e) 2 + m2 ( 2 e ) + m2 ( 2 0,5e ) + J 2 +
2

+ m3 0,25 e22 + J 4 + m4 (1 0,5e) + J 5 r 2 ( e ) +


2

+ m5 12 + J1 R12 ( 2 e ) + m7 ( 2 e ) + 0,5m7 e22 + J 8 +


2

+ m9 ( 2 0,5e ) + J10 r 2 22 + m5 22 .
2

53

= 2 J1 R12 (1 e ) + m2 (1 e ) + m2 ( 2 0,5e) +
2

+ m4 ( 0,5e ) + m5 12 ].
2

C = 2 J1 R 2 ( e ) + m7 ( 2 e ) + m9 ( 2 0,5e ) +
2

+ J10 r 2 22 + m10 22 ] .
d = cos 2 .

a1 = J 1 R12 + m 2 + m 4 + J 1 r 2 + m5 .
a 2 = J 1 R12 + m7 + m9 + J 10 r 2 + m10 .

a3 = J1 R 2 (1 e ) + m2 (1 e ) + m4 (1 0,5e ) +

+ J 5 r 2 1 + m5 2 + J1R 2 ( 2 e ) + m5 (1 0,5e ) +

+ m7 ( 2 e ) + m9 ( 2 0,5e ) + J 10 r 2 2 + m10 2 .

a5 = cos 2

a4 = sin 2 .


.

3.
:

= 0,5 J 1&12 + m2 X& A2 + & A2 + m3 X& 2 + & 2 + J 2& 2 + m5 X& c2 + & 2 +

+ J 5&c2 + m9 X& 2 + & 2 + J 9&92 + m10 X& c2 + & 2 ] .

3.
-5
II -

&& + 1 && + 2& 2 + 3 e& 2 + 4

R sin
2
1

+ 5 = 0

(7)

1 =

2(m10 sin + m9 cos )


m2 + 0,25m4 + J 5 R12 + m10 cos
54

m10
cos 2
12
2 =
2
m2 + 0,2m4 + J 5 R1 + m10 cos
1,5m3
3 =
m2 + 0,25m4 + J 5 R1 2 + m10 cos
F2 sin 2
4 =
m2 + 0,25m4 + J 5 R12 + m10 cos
F2 cos
5 =
m2 + 0,25m4 + J 5 R1 2 + m10 cos .
2m2 + J 5 R1 2 +

(3), (5) (7)


-5, 14-2,4, 2,1 .
,
() II -
,
.

*

1. . ., .. 1033797 . .
29, 1983 .
2. . . . .: ,
1973.
3. .., .., .
.- .: , 1993, 12.
. , .. , .. ,
.. , ..


, ,
, .
. 2 ,
.
S. Tiloev, H.H. Homidjonov, S.D. Toshov, F.M. Safarov, B.N. Akramov
DYNAMICS OF PLANETARY GEAR MECHANISM OF WORKING DEVICES IN HARVESTER
MACHINES WITH ALTERNATING VELOCITY RATION

55


.. , .. , .

1006300

, ,
: -
.
.
- , ,
.
,
. .
- .
- :
t 900,
1.
, ,
[1].
,
2.
0
t 20 , ,

.
,
:
.
1.
, , ,
( ),
t 200.
2. ,
, ,
t 900.
3. - , ,
.
,
900[2,3].
,
, - . ,

- ,

[4].
:

W = WMtc xPM + Wtc = Const ,


:

- - ;

WMtc -

t, ; PM -
; Wtc -
, t, .
, 200
900 - :

56

W = WM 20 c xPM + W 20 c = WM 90 c xPM + W 90 c = Const ,


, ,

90 20 :

W ( 90 c , 20 c ) = (WM 90c WM 20 c ) xPM .



, - - ,
, , :

X V = Const .
,
- .
,
, :
1) -

, 800
[1] 25 ;
2)
900 .
;
3)
,
: 90, 80, 70, 60, 50, 40, 30, 200, c .
.
-
, 25,
(.1).
1
, 0

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

50

50

48

45

43

40

25

15

55

53

50

50

45

43

29

17

51

50

48

47

43

40

26

16

50

48

47

45

45

38

27

15

48

47

47

45

41

40

24

14

47

51

49

42

41

41

23

16

51

50

48

42

42

41

24

15

18

20

24

33

37

43

54

67

, /

U =

1
U npi ,
n

:
57

n =

(U
i =1

npi

U np ) 2

n (n 1)

V =

100
U np

-
15 800,
100.
35 (110
220 500 ),
-
.
, ,
(.1).
,
, ,
, .
.
,
. ,
,

, , .
45

40

25

15


,
0.

30
40
50
60
70

80
90

.1. , .

58

70 100 6300
6,3 35
, , ,
.
5 [5].
,
-
,
1 2 , ,
.
. . ..

1. .
. , 1985
2. .., .., .. . ., 1971.
3. .., .. . .:, , 1986.
4. Verfahren zur Beurteilung des Papier l Isolationssystem von Transformatoren
Elektrizittswirtschaft. Jg. 99, Heft 21. 2000
5. Betriebszustand von Leistungstransformatoren. (Falsche Untersuchung ohne Temperaturbezug)
Elektrizittswirtschaft. Jg. 102, Heft 25. 2003
.. , .. , .

100 6300
,
,
100 6300 .
, ,
. .

M.B. Inoyatov, D.M. Inoyatov, A. Sartison


TO THE ISSUE OF DIAGNOSTICS AND PREVENTIVE INSPECTION OF TRANSFORMERS
CAPACITY 100 6300 W

59


.. , .. , ..

Al-Si
-
...
:
(-Al) (Si). Si
(-Al+Si) .
.
, (-Al+Si)
- (-Al), ,
, ,
.

-Al.

Al-Si-
Al-Si.
[1]
, .
,
. , (f) (
2) ( 1) :
RTlnf2 = 2Q12 + 3Q13 12Q12 13Q13 23Q23 ,

(1)

: 1, 2, 3 ; R ; ;
Q12, Q13 Q23 1-2, 1-3 2-3, .
Si (f2*) :
RTlnf2* = (1 2)2 Q12.

(2)


(1) (2):
lnf2 = lnf2 lnf2* = ln f2 / f2*.

(3)

(1) (2) (3) ,


:
lnfSi = (1 - Si) + 2,
.

60

Al(1)-Si(2)-(3)

[2-3]. [4, 5]:
Q12 = [(1 + 2) / 2] (1 - 2)2 96500 ( / 2)(E1 E2)2,
: i ; i ; , i
Q12 , / .

, , = f .


1000
Q13

Q23

Al-Si-
lg a23 = lg 2 + (1-2) 3 + 32
/

1
2
3
4
5
Be
55.1
15.0
16
1657
B
-16.5
89.8
4288
-473
C
-215.4
48.2
8791
-6169
P
-168.4
-34.6
5072
-4822
S
-454.6
-200.1
8532
-13019
Ca
38.9
-127.5
-3523
1114
V
37.5
21.4
783
1073
Cr
12.7
-3.4
780
365
Fe
-8.9
33.2
2454
-260
Co
12.2
55.5
2483
349
Ni
6.7
49.8
2476
193
Cu
-61.6
94.8
3277
-1763
Zn
26.8
20.1
1053
767
Ga
1.8
-9.7
915
50
Ge
-38.6
7.9
2568
-1106
Se
-338.9
-110.1
7798
-9707
Sr
122.5
-36.8
-3321
3509
Nb
68.6
52.3
782
1964
Mo
28.3
70.9
2463
810
Tc
-77.3
-48.4
3319
-2214
Ru
-129.3
31.8
5856
-3704
Rh
-166.2
-6.9
5806
-4760
Pd
-33.4
8.5
2443
-957
Ag
-76.8
-3.2
3351
-2199
Cd
61.8
91.1
2080
1770
In
17.1
40.2
1906
490
Sn
-19.2
31.1
2684
551
Sb
-34.3
48.0
3599
-983
Te
-83.4
62.9
5432
-2387
I
-95.6
192.8
9502
-2738
Ba
102.9
-82.9
-4078
2947
Ta
109.2
65.3
-15
3127
W
123.9
140.5
1718
3548
Re
65.4
140.7
3399
1873
Os
-107.3
54.9
5888
-3073
61

1
Ir
Pt
Au
Hg
Tl
Pb
Bi

2
-127.6
-188.2
-390.2
80.1
34.9
29.2
17.4

3
33.4
-29.9
-173.2
175.9
92.6
86.2
106.0

4
5853
5775
7457
3989
2896
2876
3780

5
-3653
-5388
-11173
2293
1000
837
499

: Q12 = -43.4 / .
- , ,
,
Q13 0, Q23 Q13 [6]. ,
- , ,
. Q13 0 [7].
(. .),
.
.
,
.
, .
,
: IIa Be, Ca, Sr Ba; Va V, Nb Ta; VIa Cr, Mo W; VIIa
Tc Re; VIII Co, Ni, Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir Pt; I Cu, Ag Au; II Zn, Cd Hg; III Ga, In Tl;
IV C, Ge, Sn Pb; V P, Sb Bi; VI S, Se Te VII I,
, .

- .
-
, -,
[8].
, (. .)
[9-11] [12]
-
.
....

1. .. - . . , 1969, . 43, 6, . 1365-1379.


2. . .1-3. . . ..
. .: , 1996-2001, 992, 1024,1320 .
3. - . . : , 1965, 808 .
4. Hildebrand G., Scott R. The Solubility of nonelectrolytes. N. Y.: Reinhold Publ. 3-rd. ed., 1950,
488 p.
5. Mott B.W. - Philos. Magasin. 1975, v. 8, 2, p. 259-283.
6. .. . , 1989, . 32, 10, . 681.
7. .. . , 1989, . 32, 11, c. 754.
8. .., .., .. . .:
, 1977, 272 .
9. .., .., .., .. - , 1975, 1,
c. 33-34.
10. .., .., .., .. - . 1976, 2,
c. 41-42.
11. .., .., .. - , 2002, . 50. 11-12, . 29-31.
62

12. .., .., .., ..


. : . 1985, 143 .
.. , .. , ..


AL-SI

Si Al .
, 42
e -
.
T.J. Juraev, I.R. Gazizova, M.M. Hakdodov
ESTIMATION OF EFFICIENCY OF VARIOUS ELEMENTS OF PERIODICAL SYSTEM AS
MODIFIERS OF SILUMINES (Al-Si)

63

.. , .. , ..

. ,
. [1], G,
. , Gmax :
dG = 0, d 2 G < 0
(1)
Wi [1]:

Wi = W0 exp

Gi
kT

(2)

k - ; - ; i - .
Gi = Ai , Ai - , [2]
,
, .
,
(i=3) (i=2) [1]:

A3 =

32 3Vm
4Vm
a
,
,
=
3

(3)

A2 =

4 2Vm
2Vm
, a2 =
,

(4)

: ai (i=2, 3) ;
Vm ; ; = kT ln a
; .
[3], ,
,
,2 .
h; =h/a. ,
>1, =1, <1.
,
-
U. , :

2 =

0 (1 + 2 )
3

, 1 =

( 2 + 2, n 1 )
0 (1 + 2 )
( + 1 2 )
, 0 = 2
, =
,
3
(1 + 2 )
2
4a
2
a +
(1 + 2 )
2

U=
.
3

, -
, dU/da=0 V=a2h = const, :

= 0,5a ; U min = a 2 0 (1 + 2 ) .

U
(5)

,
(2=, 2,=0) =0,
64

(2,=2+), =2. ,
0 < < 2
2/Vm, Vm ,
, =
1, (5)

a 3
G3 =
+ a 2 0 (1 + 2 ) .
2Vm
(1), 3k,
3k [2]:

A3k

3
a 3 (1 + 2 )
a 3 (1 + 2 )
(1 + 2 )
= A3 0,5
; =
,
; a 3 =
3
6
3

(6)

3 3 (3) (4). , =2 =1 (6)


(3). ,
m. >m
:

6 m
= k
a 3 (1 + 2 )

< k, = m= min,
G2

G 2 =

a 2 m (a 2 + 4a m ) 0 (1 + 2 )
+
.
3
Vm

(1), 2k
2k. [2]

A2k =

A2
a2

3 (1 + 2 ) 2m

a 2k =

a2

a 2
3

(
1
2

)
+

2m

(7)

2 a2 (4). , (6) (7),


- .

.
.. [3],
,
[2, 3] .
h , ( ),
.
: G =

a 2 h
Vm

+ 4ah 1 + a 2 ( 2,1 2 ) .

(1) dG=0, , h=const, R


AR :

ak =

a2
2a 2 h 2
; Ak =
,
a 2 (1 )
a 2 (1 )
1 +

1 +

h
h

(8)

65

ak Ak ; a2
(4).
k ,
, k=,
, ,
(a* = 1,5):

4 *Vm m
Ak = An =
kT ln a *

(9)

(8) (9) hk,


, a = a*:
2

ln a
ln a 4 (1 )
=
+
+
*
*
m ln a
ln a kT ln a *
2h

(10)

, ,
hk, (10). /kT 2,5; ~0,5; lna*~0,4; 1na/1na*1
hk2,4m. .
,
, [2, 3],
, .
3 (6)
=1,
:

A3k = 0,5A3 ; Aom = A3 A3k = A3 (1 0,5 ) .

(11)

(11) : <1, > W<W;


, ; >1, <
W>W. ,
, . >1
, <1 .
,
. ,
.
- [2]
, P=kTlna/Vm . ,
,
, .
m, =2m,
. -, 2 = 2(1-1,2+2);
-,
=kTln2m/Vm. ,
=4m1. ,
2m

1 0,5 2 m
2 1

kT ln a
a

.
P=
+
m
Vm

(12)

kT = 410 21 ; Vm= 1,2510-28 3, 1= 2/3, (12),


: = 040106 .
,
.

66

, ,
[1], .
(123) ,
, , 1>2>3. , - [5],
.
,
, W(2/1) ~ W(3/2) >> W(3/1), (2)

33
23
2
(
)

( 13 )

1
2
2
( 2 )
( 3 )

(13)

(13)

( 2 ) 2 3
=
( )
( 3 ) 3

(21 )
(3 2 )

2>3, <1 . 2<3 >1,


, 231/2(2/1)>331/2(3/2), ""
, -
[5].
[5], ,
.
,
=22m, =kTln T,
(0<<2) . , =1
A3k A2k A3k A2k, = 2
3 2.
. . ..

1. . . . . -.: , 1982. -. 584.


2. .. . VI . .2, . 1. .: , 1976. -.
58-64.
3. .. - . -. . . 274. - 3. -1984. -. 647-651.
4. .., .. . -. . -.213. -1973. -. 155.
5. Mschedlow-Petrosian O.P., Polak A.F. Silikattecnik, 22. -1971. -H 2. -S. 19.
.., .., ..



. ,
. ,

=2 2m , =kTln () T,
(0< <2) .
J.H. Saidov, R.H. Saidov, U.H. Umarov
TO THE THEORY OF STRUCTURIZATION COMPOSITION SYSTEMS

67


.. , ..



.
,
.

, , ,
, , .
,

.
,
,
.
,

,
.
[1]
( --)
P=f(h), T=f(h), =f(h):

T = T0 (1 h ) ;
P = P0 (1 h )

3, 22

[1 1,77b(1 h) ][1 3,94a10


2 , 22

(1 h )1, 22 ];

= 0 (1 h )2, 22 1 5,5 10 5 a(1 h )1, 22 2,97b(1 h )2, 22 + 0,12ab (1 h )3, 44 .


, ,
, ,
.
P(h), T(h), (h)
(),
, ,
, .
(
, .) [2]:

P0 = (1 + b0 )(

F
f1

)2

= 0, 051 K nm2 ,

2g
b0 - ; - , /; F , , 2; f1 -
, 2;

K - ,

; nm - ,
/.

P0 , . , ,
h :

P = P0 P ( h ) ,

68

P ( h ) - (. .1).
1
h,

P (h)

0
1.00



0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
0.94 0.89 0.83 0.78 0.73 0.68 0.64 0.59

4.5
0.56

5.0
0.51

, P ,
. , ,
22.5
.

.
(, )
,
, , . ,
[2]:
GB GBP ,
GB - , , ; GBP - ,
, . GBP
, ,
. ,
GB , /,
:
G = GBO ,
- [2].

. 2.
2

0
1
2
3
4

0.02
1.0
0.89
0.806
0.721
0.648
0.06
1.0
0.869
0.75
0.646
0.566
.2,
, .

1.52.0 .
, , ,
.

, .

.

( , , ),
: , ,
.
. , ,
8.0 ,
3000 11.1 ( ).
, , , . ,
69

,
.
. ,
1000 12%,
8%.
. , /
, .

1.
,
.
2.
, ,
,

.
3.
22.5 .
4.
1.52 .
. . ..

1. .. .
. . . - . , , 2002. - 42 .
2. ,
. , 81043247, , 1982. 224 .
.. , ..


,
,
, .
.
.
.
A.A. Tursunov, A.M. Umirzakov
MATEOROLOGICAL INFLUENCE ON THE WORK OF VEHICLES AND ITS
EFFECTIVENESS IN MOUNTAIN REGIONS

70


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72

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ENERGY SUPPLY THE OF DWELLINGS IN SUGHD REGION

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N.X. Yakubov, A. Giyasov
CALCULATION OF THE LOCAL CLIMATIC FACTORS IN THE ACCOUNT OF
THERMAL STABILITY OF ENCLOSED CONSTRUCTIONS

77

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Z.V. Kobuliev, Z.G. Khushvakhtov, M.U. Sheraliev
EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH OF THERMOTECHNICAL PROPERTIES OF EXTERNAL
WALL PANELS OF THE BUILDINGS CLIMATIC CHAMBER

81

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STATIC AND DYNAMIC ACCOUNT OF CROSSED BEAMS ON
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84

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THE FEATURES OF RECONSTRUCTION AND WELL-BUILT BOULEVARD
IN THE CENTRE OF KHUJAND CITY

88


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SHADOW ECONOMY AND CORRUPTION

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A.D.Akhrorova
UNIVERSITY SCIENCE - THE INNOVATIVE RESOURCE OF THE REFORM
EDUCATION SYSTEM

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