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: 2008 .

: (Jim Groves)
: (Jim Becker)


(DNS)
Windows Server 2008 . DNS
Windows Server 2008 .
Active Directory DNS-,
,

.
DNS .

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.

2007 . .
Active Directory, Microsoft, MS-DOS, Visual Basic, Visual Studio, Windows, Windows NT Windows
Server ,
/ .


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DNS....................................................................................................................... 6
DNS.......................................................................6
DNS........................................................................................... 9
DNS- ...........................................................................9
DNS.......................................................................10
DNS- ......................................................................................10
AD DS DNS......................................................................................... 11
............................................................................................ 20
DNS..............................................................................................28
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DNS....................................................................................................... 33




(DNS) ,
,
. DNS TCP/IP,
,
. DNS- , DNS
, IP-
, .
.
, DNS, ,

. DNS ,
.
, -
IP- www.microsoft.com.
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DNS-,
. DNS-
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. DNS- ,
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, www.microsoft.com,
, DNS- com,
, DNS microsoft.com. DNS- , ,

www.microsoft.com.
DNS
, , , DNS. (
DNS-.) , DNS
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DNS - , DNS5

.

Windows Server 2008.
DNS
, Active Directory (AD DS).
, ,
.
DNS,
DNS.

DNS

AD DS DNS

DNS

DNS

DNS
(DNS)
Windows Server 2008 Microsoft Windows, Windows 2000,
Windows XP, Windows Server 2003 Windows Vista. DNS
Active Directory (AD DS). DNS
AD DS DNS-
, ,
AD DS.
, DNS (.. )
, AD DS
.

DNS
DNS.

DNS- , (.).
() (TLD top-level domain).
.
TLD . ,
, , .
TLD TLD.
TLD.
TLD

.com

,
,
7

TLD

DNS-
.edu

,
,

.gov

,
,

.net

,
-,

.org

TLD , ,
. , ,
, ca, ,
, br.
, , , -
,
, TLD. ,
, , contoso.com
treyresearch.net.
,
,
InterNIC (http://www.internic.com/regist.html).

. , DNS-
, IP-
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IP-, .
DNS
. , DNS-,
.
, DNS ( )
.

DNS
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. , ,
.
, - ,
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. , ,
contoso.com,
corp.contoso.com.
:

,
;


;

, DNS.
AD DS

, .
. ,
, us.corp.contoso.com
manu.us.corp.contoso.com.

DNS-
DNS- (TLD),
com, org edu , .
, Contoso Corporation ,
, contoso.com.
DNS-
, , DNS-
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DNS-
DNS- .

DNS
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DNS . ,
DNS- contoso.com,
corp.contoso.com
DNS- CORP NetBIOS.
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.

DNS-
DNS-
DNS- .
,
.
DNS- :

, andrey-sobinov ,
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.

, .

, past-accounts-1 ,
.

.
DNS .
AD DS, DNS-
.
DNS- DNS-, .

DNS-.
, : server1.acct.contoso.com
server1.hr.contoso.com. , ,
. ,
Windows Server2008,
Windows Vista,
.
10

ASCII
, ,
Windows 2000.
A Z, 0
9 (-). .
, DNS- :

(,);

(~);

(:);

(!);

at (@);

(#);

($);

(%);

(^);

(&);

(');

(.), ;

(());

({});

(_).

2 24.

, .local.
TLD ,
.

AD DS DNS
Active Directory (AD DS)
Active Directory
(DNS) . DNS AD DS
.

AD DS DNS
, IP- , ..
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol). DNS-
Active Directory ,
.
11

DNS AD DS , :
1. Start () Administrative tools ( ),
Server Manager ( ).
2. Roles ().
3. Add Roles ( ).

4. Before You Begin ( ) Next ().

12

5. Select Server Roles ( ) Active


Directory Domain Services ( Active Directory),
Next.

13

6. Active Directory Domain Services


Next.
7. Confirm Installation Selections (
) Install ().
8. AD DS Installation Results (
) Close this wizard and launch the Active Directory Domain Services
Installation Wizard (dcpromo.exe) (
Active Directory (dcpromo.exe)).

14

9. Welcome to the Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard


( Active Directory) Next.
10. Choose a Deployment Configuration (
) Create a new domain in a new forest (
) Next.

15

11. Name the Forest Root Domain ( )


DNS- (, corp.contoso.com),
Next.

16

12. Set Forest Functional Level ( ) Windows


Server 2008 Next.
13. Additional Domain Controller Options (
) DNS server (DNS-).
Next.

17



DNS-.
. Yes ().

18

14. Location for Database, Log Files, and SYSVOL (


, SYSVOL)
, SYSVOL Browse ()
, Next.

,
.

15. Directory Services Restore Mode Administrator Password (


)
,
Next.

19

16. Summary () Next,


.
17. AD DS ,
.


(DNS)
IP-, DNS-
DHCP.
TCP/IP , DHCP- .
DNS- :

TCP/IP DNS;

.
20


.
Windows XP,
:
1. , DNS,
Start, Control Panel ( ),
Network Connections ( ).

2. ,
, Properties ().
3. General () Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
( (TCP/IP)) Properties.

4. Use the following IP address ( IP-).


5. IP address (IP-) .
6. Subnet mask ( ) .
7. Default gateway ( )
.

8. Use the following DNS server addresses (


21

DNS-).
9. Preferred DNS server ( DNS-) IP-
DNS-, AD DS DNS.

IP- DNS-,
DNS-.
10. , Close ().


,
.
11. System ().
12. Computer Name ( ) Change ().
13. Computer name ( ) ( ).
14. Domain () ,
.

15. Computer Name Changes (


), User Name ( )
.
22

16. Password () .
,
domain\user_name.

17. , .

23


Windows Vista, :
1. , DNS,
Start Control Panel.
2. Network and Internet ( ).
3. Network and Sharing Center ( ).
Tasks () Manage network connections (
).

4. , ,
Properties.
5. Networking () Internet Protocol Version 4
(TCP/IPv4) ( 4 (TCP/IP)) Properties.

24

6. Use the following IP address.


7. IP address .
8. Subnet mask .
9. Default gateway .
10. Use the following DNS server addresses Preferred DNS server
IP- , AD
DS DNS.

IP- DNS-,
DNS-.
11. .
12. Internet Protocol Version 6 (TCP/IPv6) (
6 (TCP/IPv6)), Properties.
, TCP/IPv4, Close.

25


,
.
13. System and Maintenance ( )
System.

14. Computer name, domain, and workgroup settings ( ,


) Change settings ( ).

26

15. Computer Name Change.


16. Computer name ( ).

27

17. Domain ,
AD DS DNS.
18. Computer Name Changes,
:
User Name
.
Password .
, domain\user_name.
19. , .

DNS

Windows DNS, Active Directory (AD DS),
.
,

.
28


,
, IP- , .
Windows DNS-
.
. ,
, Windows, ,
, ,
() DNS-.

DNS
Active Directory ,
DNS- .
. ,
.
() DNS- ( ) IP. () ,
, ,
DNS-.
Windows 2000, Windows XP Windows Server 2003
DHCP-
(A) DNS IP.
Windows Vista Windows Server 2008 DNS-
(A) DNS
IP.
DNS
(A) TCP/IP (
, Windows).
(A) DNS,
:
1. DNS- Start, Administrative Tools,
DNS.
2. DNS
New Host (A) ( ()).
3. Name (uses parent domain if blank) ( ( ,
)) ( ),
(A).
4. IP address ,
(A).

29

, (
DHCP).
, DNS
.

DHCP- () (RTM)
, .
: , ,
DNS. ,
( ,
),
.
, DHCP- DNS- Windows Server 2008
. DNS
,
. .

. Windows
DNS- 24 .

DNS- Windows
Server 2008 ,
.
Windows DNS- ,
, .

, Windows Server 2008 .
, .
DNS-,
:
1. , DNS-,
, Start, Administrative Tools, DNS.
2. DNS-.
3. Action () Properties.
4. Advanced (), Enable automatic
scavenging of stale records ( )
30

5. Action () Set Aging/Scavenging for All Zones


( ).
6. Scavenge stale resource records (
) .

31

7. Server Aging/Scavenging Confirmation (


) Apply these settings to the existing
Active Directory-integrated zones ( ,
Active Directory) .

32

DNS
, DNS ,
.
DNS , .
ping ,

. - DNS
:

ping DNS_server_ip_address (IP- DNS-);

ping internal_host_ip_address, internal_host_ip_address


;
ping internal_host_name, internal_host_name
;

ping Internet_host_name, Internet_host_name .

, ping.
, DNS IP-.
.
, .

,

DNS-.


, ,
ping

IP-.
,


DNS-,
,

DHCP-.

DHCP .

ping

33

() ,
,
(SRV)

DNS. .


,
.


, DNS

.

,
,

.


: dcdiag
/test:dns /v /s:domain_controller.


ping IP-
,
,

.

ping IP-
,

DNS- ,
,

TCP/IP.

,

,

,

TCP/IP.

ping

,
.
.


,

.

.
,
TCP/IP


DNS-,
DNS-
.


34

ping

DNS-
,
,
,
DNS-


. DNS

TCP/IP


.

, DNS- , ,
, DNS. ipconfig /all
TCP/IP.
TCP/IP ,
:
,
ipconfig /renew IP-
DHCP-;
, TCP/IP

DNS .

35

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