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MeT6BAsrrs treTer6 pasEoi (bopMEr,anso6ErnBasns xpaeB qe' nsAensi. O6pa3oBaEBe IITarefi, a rarilr{e Ans yftpaEeslls trerrls sa l4rny IIocIe sro saKI4aEIBaErre TerrlEoro cre}r{l{E xarr(aoro trpoKo,rla TKaEtr Errol ELITrcy sarcrnBalor. CxeMa o6pa3orasss treren6Eoro crerxEa ro ftparo t3AeJras trotia3aEa Ea prIcyBfte 2ft. ,(ns trorJ reHrrs IipaclrBoft nerenr,Eoi crporrFil trptr o6MeI( APYIOIIIY. OAITIT BtrNOTEYIO TLIBASIII trETIIi CTE)TiEIT AENAIOT

BllAbl MAlllllHHblxPA6OT
CTa.rEaEll - coeAfiEeEfie AB]x xnn Hect(on6rilrx flpl{6nn' srrreJr6tro paBsErx rlo Bennql'He aeranei MarIIIlEEoi crpotr&Ir (craqtIBaEtre 6oKoBLtx nlBoB, rlJreqeBr'rx, trpeAElrx, norlreBLlx cp3oB rr r.a.). IlpxraqxEaElle - coeatrEeHae tlacrei Aerarrl [nr( Menr{of aeTaJIIrl B oclroBsylo. Bra'rl{Ba{no - coeatrEeEne AByx aeraneii IIo BrI[yIinbIM r-rBorsyTLrM cpesaM (BraqtBasl-re BoporlrrxoB, py&aBoB), O6Ta'rlBsxtre - coeaulreElte aByx aeranfi, B pe3ynbrare BErBepf 6rBarrrrr Korop6tx lrloB pacfl oJlaraercs BEyTpx. BsrcrerlBaEle - coeanEelln crpoqriaM[ Aayx aeranfi' Eanor&eEsbrx oaHa lla apyrylot Eecr(or],KE!{tr crporrRaMfi Ea MaIIruEq. HacrpaqxBasl,re -saKpetrneEnetrpl:ltrycltoBsayrlosIrHo_ ro InDa oraenoqEoi MaEraEltoi crpoqkoii, EacrpaqlrBaEne 60_ &teqeBbrx n no&TeBblx rrrBoB. 1(OBErX, PacarpasrBaErie - salcpetrneslle lp]ff ycKoB pa3]'r'roxesHoro ruBa oTnenowo* MaruuEEofi cTpotrxoi c tlrqeBoi cTopoEEr. Orcrpaq[BaEne - trpo&raAria olAenoqEr,rx crpoqeli rro Kparo aTatn 'I3aenns.

MAUjllHHblEllJBbl
Ilo cBoeMysassa.reE[ro rtrBBItroApasAenslorctt Ea coeAu' H merb*de,'4o'lopbrus coeAtrssloTaeranrr *Isaelrrnri Kpaeabre '

!4

OAeaAa A^a Ma HLlJei

IroToplDitr ooopMnrror (3a,qerhaBaroT) npar AeTaJreft , trpeaoxParts cPerli TKa.Eei OTocErtraeMocTEarreti oiLAeloLttble.
KOTOpEMIi OTAe'6IBA&TC{ tr3jle,Ill.s. mDrr 6f,rBaror pa3Eoi ElipIrsar - a aaBlrcl{Mocrlt or cBorl_ cTaa fltaEu, ee trpoqsocT! E ocHtraMocTlt, a Ta&r&e trpea6sBrneMllx rc EBali TPe6oaasEt. mxpBda Era onpeAerqercs paccrossreM or crpoql(q Ao o6pasoBaEEoro rua EoAorEyroro ripas AeTam. B roll c.,rgae, xorAa Ea oEotr ns cTopoE AeTajrrr AeraercE trprnrycK Ea sarrac, rtr4ptrEa rrrBa oupaensefcs IIo paccTo,Drrtlo or cTpoq&rr ao cpe_ 34, Ee [Meroqero rpEtrycxa. CoeArE{TenEEhre EBbr rroApaaAen.Etorcs E a tupocrnue ,, Cno*iELre coeAllEETenBEbr6 lfs6t EptrMeErrorc, rJra!86tlrt o6pasoM, npr.t EoEsBe 6en5eBLrx HaIenafi. TIpIl tromnBe Bcex BrAoB oAe'I.Alr Ean6onEEe llpl-lMelie_ Etre {MeroT rlpocTbre coearirEll fenbtlLle rtrEht: c nauraol, 06 maL tuou,Hacmpo,t Hoit, pacc mouvoit, Haxtaa$ott, 6crnux, a6o{rno[r u 34noutu60trtw4, Ora'rEoi rtroB cny'rnfiT Arra coeAaEeElrs scex ocEoBEtrx reranafi s3Ae,'nrr - c[tdrr(n c troroqfioi, p]TaBor c npofiuofi ,,' Ap. O6Ta.rsoi ruos trpeAcraBnser co6ot pasEoBtrAl{osr! craqEo_ ro, cpesEr (oToporo trocne coearlEeEtrrr pactronararoTc.rr BslTpE Aeranei. TaItlIM rEBoM coeAr,rE.arornoroqKrr IrsAnrrs c noA6op_ ToM, rcnarraE c EoAnra{&oi r Ap. BareM nTan[ B]rloparfi(Barol EAn4qeByro cTopoEy, moB paclrpaBjrstor t, BErMeTbtBarof, trerras EarrT no rcparo AeTarE. ATarE trpola,roxsrBaror ta no trx rrfi[eBot cropoEe rrporirraAbrBabr oTAeroqEyro crpotr&y, mllp&Ea rioropot IIo kparo Aerane saBncnr or abacoEa. IIIrpnr o6ra.r_ Eoro mBa ,fi EeocBrtraErqeics rRaRI, paBEa 0,9_0,4 cM,,tB ochr_ traroqeitcr -0,4-0,5 cM. HacrpoqEo{ rlroB.aBnsercs coeArrEnrenErrbrMIr o,trEoBD_ M esBo o r,4e, t oqHLrE M t B o M. T s R n ME Bo M H s c rp r" rrr.,..| r;r_ Iir{, trjrarftlI, orAerHraror 6orioBLre I{ rue.reBHe rrlBbr,,[abr Ea nonoqkax Ir cnfiIlxe, rroETeBBremBbr Ea pyr{aBara. IIIrrDt r{a EACTpOqIIbrx IIBoB saB}lcrl] oT MoIeIH. Paccrpoqlloi moB nprrMerrfierc.s Ars ckperneqj_rfi Aerane[ II orAnnlr [sA,J]rs. ABe AeTa-{rr cRraAr,rlaror nrrrloM BEyrpE rr

o6utuecBeAeHrs

!5

i rlo ero nrqcoAtrHslof cTalrEr,rM rriBoM. IIIoB pasyflofictlalor cTpoqlla rto o6e cropoorAenoqBbr Boi cropoEe npolina,q$Baror EBoM paccrotrElt Paccrpoq8lrM paBnot{ serc. of Er oT srBa tr Ea qacrE r.apMaEa, BLrTaqeE. 6orioBoro cxperr$roT cocraBErrle Il1trprEa paccrpo.rEoro rrrBa 3aB[ctrT or MoAenrr E Mo*.er I(one6ar6cs or 0,2 Ao 0,5 cM. Har(naAsoi rrloa [prlMeEsTcs Ans coeAr'IEetrss cocraBsblx r{acret a o6pas0DaEr{s sBrTaqeK sa 60p10Boi trpor{rlaane !r ap. Cpe3hr aeranei sarinaabrBaror Apyr Ea apyra Ir craqnBaloa Ea EeKoTopoMpaccrosE tr oT r{pas aeTanet. q?o6LI rcpai Ars c&penneEns Aerarrq cxnaallaarcT ral(, oAsoi 3axoAtrn Ea rcpai.qpyrci Aerann sa0,1 cM, saTeMCIIIIu sl|I3aloo6pasEoi cTpotlxofi BAroTnx nprlMoii r.r,r moB BcrErn BEIsonHsIor lal: ABecoeAt rltrenbELre AeranE clola.qr,IBaror cpeaaMlI B[noTI]yIo, a troA cp6Lt IrnaAyT Eonoc' cm]rBaloT slrtsaroo6paslr6lM]r crpoqKaM]r' ICy apyrofi TKasn 'I saxBarlrBas cp3Ero6enx aratei Ea 1-1,5 cM. uoB. ABe Aera-4s crora,qllBaior IBHaEorIE6rMlr cro' '4Eorfuon poEaMr.rII craq'IBalor, 3afeM cTaqaEEHe aeTa-ttrtBLrBopaqIIBaIor' BBrllpairslcrl EoB Ta&, qTo66r oE oEasanct BEy lpn aera4eE, r{ [poana,qr,Barct,Isrpoqriy Ha seKoTopoM paccTo.ffi'l]l oT trepBoro ma. BanolrlEo.rE ri qroB mrpoKo [p]rMeE IrortrpL trsrorcareErlur 6.n5s, p]6a.EeK aJIt Aere* u II3Aenrd II3 ToEKlD. xnorFraro6lrua:xEbrx TEaEei, a rariJ*e rLIrsED( TXaEei. STOTIIOB ODIIFmsrcS 6ofi Emoi trpoqsocrElo. Agrartt carlranl,rEalor mrqeBr,INtr, cropoEaM!'rBFyTpr, cTaq[Baro4 [rBoM llrlrptrfofi i co cTopoEbl Bepxrlefi ae'l cM, a co croposE I{I xEefi - 1-1 ,4 cM. 3a IM Eptr_ ra"m - 0,4-0,6 trycK sa ItroB saxna,qbrBaror Ea cropory, Eoaf'I6a.fl 6or6ltrtlti Kpai llpnllycfta sa 0,3-0,4cM, It c Ir3lraIIIiI'r qpoE a,qllBardr satrorEt0,15 cM or [oaorFyl oro Hpas BorsFocrpoq&ysapaccrosHnn0,l rFa. Illrrpfira ruBaB mroBoM BnAe 0,?-1cM.

CBEAEHlI9 OCHOBHbIE qEPTEXEI O NOCTPOEHUl,I


OcHoBEoi.reprexi cocrotrus BctroMorart6E[lx rioscrp]'lcCsgrIJX MpOt(.HA Ea OCEOBe futBllLrx nrlEsi, BLIIIoJlEeEsErX

16

Oaexaa Mt MalHulei

,=l
E I I b 9t ;l *l 9.1 El r

g.

geprexa Pr,rc. 3, nocrpoefire EeM trpoBoasT nosT]'p6r Moaen{: rnEtrro foproBrEhr, JrrrErrro rpyar, nrrltlrro ranrrr, rrr_rEtrro Etr3a r ap. (prc. 3). OcHoBHoi qeprox xOa AAr ATei Ao AByx AeT

SEsnoMcTBo c EocrpoeEaeM EecrroxEoro qepre)rcatro MepIlald Mna,AerJqeB ri aeTe* ao aByx neT o6nerqfiT B aarhEeftEeM B-ErEOnSeEse BErt(poiris lporrsBon6rro BLr6pasEofiMoarE. Eoscrpynqtrs pa3pa6oraEa sa ocsoBe creAyroll[x ldepo*, cM:

,8

O6xrar Eer - 24 (12). O6xBarrpyAu - 46 (23). llru sa c'mH - 19. IIIrpaEa GIIIiEET - 22 (ll). IIIrpiEa rpena - 23 (11,5). ot Ba3uctaot cemraanuapa.9eprex aarararor rrnonxstr BepTEKaJrsEOi JrrEtrtr (ptrc. 4a), Ea l.oropoi orxnajFraaro4 ajtnEy ctrraEKsoT ToqxE 1 ao roqlr{ 2. OrpsoE 1- 2:19 cM. AnEsy cnrsrin Aen{a troEonaM. OT TotItcEt, o6osEar{ap(To.{xa 4). O! qei cepeatrEy ctrltFRa, o1&ra,qNBaror srrrB 1 cDa Tosrctr 4 [poBoAsr ropiBosrarEE]no rEaltro. OEa sBnsercs BcEor.orarerEEo&. fla Eei orr{nanLrBaror trotoBriEy Mep&E IIItnpaEtI cltExtr, PaBEoi I 1 cM. Pa.caemutupuqbt ttpoitxir. Ilofiyo6xralr rpyA{ paseE 23 c!d._ IIptr paoqer:eysrr6rBaroa lrpstrycft, paaEErd 4 cM, T.e.: orpe3on23t4-27cM, $1, r/. Meplt Eonyo6xBare rpyAn 6e3trplrtryclca pa8Ea 6, ? c!.; - 6,? + 1 - 7,7. t c fpkrycl(oir ()rpeaox 5-{ - pacqerEaq wprsa ryohJ*, ps.BEa"a ?,7 cu. I 11 ,5 cx. OrpeBora 6-? - EoJIoBrEeEsprahr [epeAa, pa.BEa.s OTToqKa ? otryc$aror EepneEnEKyrrp, or roqfi 2 trpoao.qsT ropssoETanEEyro nrEqro B croposy cePearEsr Epeaa. HaMeseEEue roqx! coAnEsror n trorjrsaror Er{,I(Bxf riprMoyl,onbEEr. c ]'rnaMs B tolt'{d* 4, 2, 8, 7 . OT To.rxtr 7 trpoAon*iabr BecrE BptBrrarssyro JIsErlo, o6oaEasarcqyro AnrEy trepeAa. OTpeso:r 8-g - AnnEacE,rEnr, paBEasmpe3l{y I -" ^ I 19 r 1;5 - 20,5 cM. ' Toqftrl sepxEei qacrrr lepeAa lI ctruqftI,t coeaEE ror. I[,, y pe6eErca F,CJII. BErcrtEaroqEft r&nBmII&, m 6a3scE&scsrtcarpe6yer r{3MeEeExsEarinoEa naEss cepeniEr,r EepeAa,,qna erore BneBoor ro{Iru 8 orKra,qErBaror0,6 cM s ronyqaror roqRy 8a. Or rotrRn 8a qepe3 ToqKy 7 npoBoAsa nllsnro BBepx Ao Eepeeqellns ee c BepxEef ropEsoETanrro - Toqraa9a. TotrKa 10 Aerdr orpegox 6-5 EoIIona{. fla rrEtrr or roqxr 1 srtijla,IlrBaror rrlEprEy roi)JloarnLl, ctrnEritr, paBFyror/s Mepklr troIyo6xDara Eetr, trnroc 1 cM, a.e.:

o6uthecaeaeHrt

17

il

il

18

OAex.Aa Mr r,{aHuJet

r/a{12-4cMt4+1-5cM: Orpe3oIr 1-11 - t/3 x 12+ 1- E cu; O"pesox 11-12 - 1,5 cM. Or ro.rxt{ 9a or&naaLrBa&r mgprlEy ropnosrx; trop,qa, r,e, orpoE 1-11 :5 cM (roqr(a 1A), tn]6rsy ropnosaELror, It an!,rBaroTor roqxE 9a, oTo To{ie r/! Mep&n Eonyo6xDaTa rrer, unloc 1 - 5 cM(ro.rKa 14).
13 L2
11

T,
1o
6

8a

19

Pr,rc. 4. KoHcTpyKqus qeprexa ocHosHoro ^r6a: a - 6a3kcHar cerKa; 6 - nepeAl,1 cnuHxa; s _ Dy{as

O6qre cseAeHrt
Ha BuEonEeEEoi TaE[la o6pasoi! 6aBrcEoi cerl(e nsiba rioFcrpjttpyrdr ero nnErall. Octto.Eot gepmut tuQd. crpoir 6a8lrc8yro cotlcy Jrroa (pnc. 46). TolIIia 12 E I coe,qussro4neI'I a BorEyroi.ntsrt roprotaEa crlasr(n, Or Toqras 12 qepes To.rEy 15 rpoBoAsr rtrsrro I, reqa, qpoaoJtrxs.r ee Ea 1 cl\. (TosKa 16), SareM nl)offilo Epotia6r CnSAt.r. Toqar 13 a 14 CO,qEEmCfr EoF BOtrAT EyTOi nraEei - ropJroBsEa[epena. rloc1poElle JrEEutrtrJreqa EepbAadnerqEr ntrEE{, coeAsEsroqas roql.E 13 n 16. trepe{a coorBsrcrByer AJrtrEe tneqa catEtrt. Arnra EJrerra B grgu qptl4e Anrasr rlrrqa ctrrrEr(Ii - orpeaox 12-16 cocaalrsT ?,5 cM. OT TosKq 13 ,[o roqxtr 1? or&,ra,4ElBator annEy rueqa EepeaaTaKot xceAnsBsr - 7,5 cM. Or roqlltr 1? Aor9q&{ 10 EpoBoa.sT nEBro rpoiMLI repeAa. Hs trpoAonl|(emr vrefr nIIsnB sr r0nl(E 17 oD(naI6Bsror 1 cM (Toq*a 18), Or ro.r&s 13 Ao()raKr, 18 EpoBoAsrBaEE)KeIrtt'Io.jI!!Frirlotrlretra.JkEsrotrepeaay,anrE roTsa 1 cM(mq&a19). Pacaen pyr.a.6a. AntrEa pyr.aBa pasEa 22 cM. fIo.'roBEE6r parBa 1/r Mepxtr trony6xBara rpyAn, MtlEyc ItrrrplmLr pyDcaBa r/g: 1 c!d,r.e, 23-1 : 10,5cu. BeprrxarLEas rnEt4s o6oaEaqaerceperuEy pyftaBa. OT IoqRtr 1 (prc. 48) AoioqRn 2 Ea grof nIlEEs orran|,q6raarorAnnEy pyEaBa, paBFyro 22 cM. Or rorrxr I orEn.qEBsror pacqfpyrlaBa10,5 cM(roqKa 3), rylo DrrrpEEy IlalaeqeEEr,reroEr{ coeAsEsror s tronysarcr cerky pFaaa. fn!6nBy cpe3a paccqlrLrDaror cooraerqrBerEo lIrrpEE pyrcaBa, trqEyc 5 alr (orpeson 3-4). Orpe3ok10,5-5-5,5cM. Toslty 1 coeA{Esror c rorrr{of 4 nxsnet SepxEero cpe3a. Cpe3 c[epeAII yuy6nsror Ea 1 cM. Or rorr* 5 Mo)r{EoaayBI{rL p'.na.8 Ea I cld (roq&a 6).

cpe3oBBbrxpoiKx HarMeHoaaflxe
OcEoBELTMS AeransMtr tr3Aenllfi sBnfiercs cn'lEna, depeA (DonoqKa), pyrca3 E BoporEdK, OT.qbJrbELreIIx qacrrr lMior cneA!'ro.rqse EasBaEus i .l.Pocrox (psc.5a) - Brlpi Ans rEer'or rrJreqeBErx cpesoB cepearrEf,r c[trfi&ri BBepxy. ao

20

Oae,KAa A c Maibruei

I I

9r
I
bl ,:I il *r

3
PI 9' 6l

Puc.s-Cp6r BhJkporixu: a- cn,18Ka; 6- nepea; s- pyKaB 2.IponMa (prc. 5a, 6) - Bhrpe3 or rrnerreBlrx.qo 6o&oBLrx cp$oB Ans coeArssEs py&aBac r4boM. 3. fopnoBrna (prc. 56) - B6rpes tue! or nnerreBHx Arrrr cpe_ 3oBAo CepeArrr*,rfepeaa nnu Br,rcTytra6opra, 4. OKar(pnc. 58) - BepxrJs.tr onpyrneEEastracr6 pyftdBa, yBe^tqeHxe iA, ],MeHbueHre Bh (poikr no utptHe

r$Ix pasMepoB, cooTBeTcTBer{go yBent'tltrB r,tJlt yMeELIITEB ee. r-tprr yBenrrqeEnrr snr{ yMesbmetl&fi B6rKpoiftu cneAyer yqrr_ TBrBarE,qTopassrrqa Melriay ocHoBEhrM trsMepeEtreM_ dxBa_ ToM rpyarr - oT pasMepa R pasr\[epy cocraBnref 2 cM. Ha aTn z cM Mox{Eo }'BenrrlurTb rrnll yMerrbr[rrrL B6tKpofi&y tro llrrrptr-

Haariqrzcnpynycxog r{a cso6oAnoe o6nefaEnetrorBoraeT trp4MeEsrr,oany rary r&esLrripoiKy rra (brfypBr ABw cMer._

o6utxe cBeAeHug

2L

Ee Ea onr)?y cMelsEoro pasMepa. Ans arofo BLIXpoiiEI{ trepaa !r ctrtrEKlr pasp$apT oT BepxHeE toqxtr trneqeBoro cp$a ao E43a rro rrrEurM, napannenbsslM cepeilEsaM arnx acranefi. a Bhrxpoi&y oanosroBsom p!'xasa - Do nsHlrtt. trpoBe4eEsoi qpes cepeAqEy p]'Icsaa ao En3a. IIptr yBentrqesEr! B6l&poifttr trpr6aBnsror '?/BpasfiuqLr (2 x,/tf,A ctr) Eo ntt IInsM paspe3a cIIrIIxu (o,6 cM), trepeaa ( 0,7 cM), py naB s ( 1, 3 c t tr)n t/s Gx 1 /x -O,7 c M ). I1 o 6ori oB LrM cpeBaM crrrErin (0,3 cM), repeAa (O,4 cM), repeAseMy cpe3y pl'I{aBa (0,3 cM) tr saAseMy cpesy pyliaBa (0,4 cM). Ans 3roro qacrtr Bbrxpoe& pasABnrabr Ea Ey}IlEoe pacctosElle Ir EaI|an6rBaroT Ha tronoclln 6yMa$r; ft 6orioBl,rM cpe3aM Eoal{anErBa ror tronocKr 6yr!tar& coorBercrByroqefr ErltplEEI (pl,lc. 6). IIp[ yMeEbEeEs'l Bbr&poelc rro InI,puEe, trp}rrllesss ror i{.e pacqer, r:o ntrElrsM pasp$a crrEErll., npaa Ir pyliaBa lrarinaaHBaror oAEy qacTr B6rxponril{ Ea apyryp tl cftpennslor Irx 6yraB&aMrr; tro 6onoBr,rMcpesaM cpe3aror rlonocx}r 6yManr Ha Brrripoitfi e coorBercrBeEEo, Bbrxponriy 1o61(n(rI3 KntrdbeB) ]Eern.rFBaror nnlr yMeEInaloT no EnplIlre 3a crrer pacml{peEns ]rrIE sayrl(fi uo 6oI(oBr,rM cp3aM; lo6&y B crda,qriy II3MeE lor or pa3Mepa R ps3Mepy 3a cceT n3MeEeHsf,rJTy6xHLIRat+taoiicxnaAX14.

0 ,6 6

o,7

Prc, 6. YBe uqeHse(no urfipthe) sbrxpoe(: a - cn,lHKa; 6 - nepea;B - pyKaB

OA exA aArMa u u e i

a6 P{c. 7. l43MeHeHue Bu(poiK,| 60ox no ujrpnHe: a - n6pe Hrr gacrs; 6 _ 3aaHrgqaqh B6tripofuiy6pDRAns AeBorlc{ r!7tEldanb'flfta pac@pEd! rDE sattncrBaror, pa3p3aa Eepe,DForo(pnc. ?a)u oaporo(pnc. Z6)no_ noBrlEgt Eo aqprtrIcaru,EErlvlJtrE[gir, coofsglt]rDylo4 \dsa[pa'B_ nesEo AoneBoi Mr4 n [pti6aDtrB rurE ]6asrc Eo t ol r4o.nr erof rrEm Ea raar(Aofi trorosllete.

OcroBd pacKpor c coorlerctByxrullr{, nplnycxaM| Ha U|B6l


flp',l packpoc 1060I<.6ny3ok, trnarbeD aeJra$T EpEtrycr(Ei _Ea ooxoaEre rtrBLr- 2- 2,5 cM. rlo nsErrB ropnoBnELr _ t cM. llo nneqeBollfycpesy _ 2 cM, DonlllsEIIIDpoiM u or.urax pyt u. BoB - 1,5 cM, Ha ooArs6 Effra.qenaror trpt tryctr oT 4 Ao 6 cM. urAyer noMarrL, qro cnBmKoMrtrsponui troAra6 Mo)RerAe. QOPMtrPOBATBFII'ITEIOIOItrIItrIoIlStrEI&g. IlepsEcnessEre trpllEycKl' aBrsrorcs op{eETspoBorrsE_ Mtr. BerFqqEa trplrtrycl(a 3aBIlcrT m Enna rI|aEs fi cTetreEu ee

oAEXAA Ai\g HOBOPOXAEHHbIX


UbEM NPXAAHOE
EoJrbEEEcrBo aqetr !3 nepaoro rapaepo6a andrua, TaK! &aR tIeJIeElcIlt trOIOTeEqat EaI pyAASqtCIl r pAciIaEoE(E oqeEb gpocTLr B rctro,IBeErtr t IIpa&TI,Irlsal B lilctroilLaoBaEEl. Ars EoBceAsesE$x Beqefi nyqtne Esr6rpar6 ctrnysThr cBo6oAEom trolcpos, T&aEL Aon'l(Eir 6ErrE xop;Eero $asecTsa, qro66r oEa Ee pasapar{ana BoricE}alo t(orey uanHrna, xopoEro crEparacE. xro[qaTo6yMarKE6re Tl.aE4 trAeaJrsEo rroaxoaaa ans EsforOarreEEtr aeTcFtrx Beqef, Ta&Ee lxalln xopomo trponyckaroT Boaayxr BtrlTLltabf arafy tl Jrerxo cTtrParotcs. aeTll syBcrDyror c6s noMiDoprEo F lrrrxtrx rltaEsx. gtroJlorEa troAxoA{{ Ang LaroroBreE{s Tptrxora*EEre qe[, B rioropbrx ItrarEtrII 6yAer ltlEoro ABtararEc s. vlaIlerns Ea Tar([x laax onaEen6r ToElroe. xJrotFlalotxaELrx lrarep*atoB, 6yMaxNHo cyxEo r MaxpoBair rKasb, nyqEre Beero o(bopMnsrB itaE ltTaMr, BopoTttnEaxu rsE acrrsEofr nesTEr. Ecnt Earo cErllrb Eecxoltbtco oaEor{trIlErx srqefi, MotrcEo rrcrroJrEsoBaTLoAEy BLrripoiixy. ETo [oMor*eT aaM crrioEoMtrb fletellKs o'reEb lpoctEr B EsroroBJreEI a, a Bor trotrroBarEca trus BEt cMox(ete lI aoMa, Il Ed Ensxie - rae ]'roAso. I{B Epocroro MatesLlcoro uaxpoBolo rlorroreEqa 6lrctpo In orkEoa3roToBrrrEyao6E6ricnrBsq[I{-Ea{pyalrrnqex, re!&o ecns B EeM ooopMl{fL c rroMoqEro o,rracTrrrEoi nsT6r ropnoaBFy Intn IIpIlIIrxTb 34BS3tlE.

24

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PactraEoEtr{_r(IIMoHo llr M.srftoi (bnaEen'},t Tptrnora]ka -oqerlb yAo6ELr arr.rrManErEcn B nepsEr;Mecnqrrr Ex ,lrraBr. rrepBon oAerqofi ans pe6eExa ,B,r.stolla DeneEXfit pactra_ IIloI{&n, qerFrrrt{rl. IlereEnn 6brsaroT pasjrrrqE6re: EapyxrHbre Ir

llf-Tl". Ael}xflrEaloqst Te[ro Ir nerxo cTnparoq[tcs. pasMep ";;";,'""_ Eapy,IrEBrx EeneEox Aom|.E 6brrE rro ArrEElre MeBeef u ZOcu, a Iro E MeEeeg0 cM, paaMep BsyrpeBsrrx _ I N x 80 cM. FulJ{p-FEe lenE|r Aonx(Hl'r 6brrr, nB onEoro kycxa. ltpa, .OprO"""r_ BAIot trEIET6E6iM "* IIIBOM EA MAIUEEE i 3IITBdt,, . PACNAtl|OHKIl
E610r &a ToEnofi r,'Msrnofi cBernot TRa-sIl, ,,_^?acE_aqroElls .rroo_H rpyAr.a pe6esKa 6Lua 3a*pLrr6, flepA pacnarEoEntr 4errarcf qen6ENM! a crinEny _ pa3AenBEoi, y pu"_ narEoEr{y 3aBss&rBalorltlsrnot lec6Mo, "opoorr""n nn1 neEToqKoii.

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Aerei 6-uec{.tEoro Bo3pacra paspeaAnaror caaA[, Ee AJr.a rrprrrEEEar TecMora.Pactraltrosftr E6rof aByx pocToB, trpr gooM uepRll se cEuldaroT, Tatt Icax 4x SaqacTFo lrp*rforaSrEAo po'iAeErIlr pe6eE&a.lnaaa pacramoaxz 26-3b cir _

Ilocrpoef,f,e 'repror*a flpr troMoEn Ja"onbllnrla sepes roqxy A lpoBoArrr Ase BsarMao treptreEADRynspEhre nsE la. oE[ o6pasyrdTnaEnu ure[, [epeaa E ctrsEt(a. OTToqnri A Ao ?oq&a H orrsa,q6rBaror AJtrrry pac[arroEx]t (30 cM) (pEc. 8a). fiB roqr.tr H B[paBo trposoArr rnr&nrc Fr'rss'. Or ro.rR[ A Ao To.rxrl E orxrar[hrsabT IIonoBHEy rnqps ELJ pacI trsuosl(rr (16 on). Or roqRrl B EErrC EpoBoAsr nr{Enro Ao rrepecetreE&s ee c JIdE e* EEaa. OT Toqnr B Ao Toqxr B oTftnalbrBaror AnuEy plxaxa (12 cM unn 6oflhure)i or roqxn BAo rotrftr4 pIIEy pyrie-Ba.Gr ro.rt<Il I EneBoorEnaAbrBaror:1,5 cM. f-E a BaTeMtrpoaonJlca&rr ropltSoEmjlbElno n[IrtrIo ao trpecerlesff s c nEEEeE urEprELr pactraEoERz.

Hss Eo 6onoBoMycpe3y pircE prror Ea 1,5 c!d. BErqeDqII_ Baror 6oftorofi cpeo pactrartroEr(flt co,lrls.fls rtrrprry pyxiru " pacurl|psIfeM6otoBorocpesaqepe3BctroMoIaTeJIbEEIeTOtIIit &alt trorcasaEosa pacj,.Efte86. CepeAnny uepeAayAntrEsror sa 2 cM, OrI{ a,qLrBaror oT Toqr.u A BtrpaBo5 cM, a BEI4B - 2 cM, alareMcoeAEE lor BorEyto4nrlEaei To,rtcrr5 II 2 _ gax rupe_ aa pocrxa sa c[IIEe. Or rorrBr! A BEtrsorKnaAuBaror E cu a coatrEsrc',rToqnll 5 It 5 - Etrpe3 roprostlEd repeAa. PacRpoi r norlf,s Pac&patrBator pactraEosriy Eo AoreBod snrn, clcna.qLrBas rlta.Eb aABoe.It cnn6y r&aErl rrprrrlJra,q6rDaE? rrepen E crraEny {)&etrarenbEo, qto66l llaa Ea llreqax Ee 6Ll.lro, Tar{ l(ari [roB Eer*Eyro ao,*y Man6rrlla). PABApAri.aer Pa.atrrea a paclamonne uorrcro cAe"latBkffi csarr! rar ll c[epeAr: 5-6 Mc.E4eB - caa,qtl;c1apEe 6 Mec4eB _ cqepea[.

OaexAaMs a^6tuei
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Ans BErEonEeE rr qetrqrrKoB trpEBeAeE[r lloclo.f,EEr,re MepRB, troc&on6Ky pa3rrocTr B o6xBaTax ronoB6r MnaaeFqB B sToM llepEoAe Bect Ma EeSsaqllfJltsa. yBenlnqsExe BLrEpoeE uoAenei, uoMeqesEr,rx B riIIIIre, oqE trpocToe. MolriEo r{eEsTL z (bopldy oTAeJr6sBrx Moaenei, rroJrl^Ia,fiaorronEtraerLEbre 9ooeRt6r, EatrprMep, cpeaEbro qacTb qetrqtrI(a t'3 lpx rracTet MoxBo yaJllratrTB tr r3n[mex Tr{aE[ co6pafE Ea BepxrreM oTpe3rae I' crepeaE, trepea coeat4ssEireu c 60xoB5IMll qacTf,rulI.

MoAenb t . llefrqttK trs oAEoi qacrs co6pas csaAtr tr y 86rpe3a ropnoBrrr&i. ArruEa trepeaEet qacTtr qtrqtrxa oT Toq&a A (pnc,9)Ao rosl(r 6 paBEa33 cM. OTToqKtrA Aoroq&rI B orranaaq6rBaror 12 cM. I{ coeAnE.gpr sa.MeqeslIEre Toqftr, nonJ raa trpEMoyfoJlbsEn. JItrEIitroEelle. AEei sacrri seErrl{xa (orpe3ox A-E) Aersr rra rpr qacrE. IIpoBOAg? nrEtrIo BErt3, pasaer.Es trpsMoyroJlEEzll, r trpoaonrr.NaIO'TJII|EIiIO qACTtr CEPEAIIELI TAII, TITd5t NNEEA OTPo3ItA I_A cooTBeTcTBoBaIa lqllsEe oTp$r{a B-r. SakpNBarol srrriEtr* fpslnoyronbErR n cTaE.sTTotr&y E. Em qepTer. cepea&Err 3a,qsei sacTs qeEqErca. OTpBox A-E Aensr trotronaM tI orrcJraAEr-

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30

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Pr.1c. 11. Ko/rcTpyypo8aH[eqenquxa rc Tpexqacre! {MoAe^b 3): , a- 6oKoBar qacTb,6 - cepeArHaqenqr{a, coellJ,{Hrtoll.jae 6oxoBbEqacfl Ha mBhr rarx(e Aenaror lrpl4trlrctr tro 1 cru, qocrre pactipo.s cra_ rrllBaror 6orioBBrs qacru co q)eaEei qacTLro setrqwia. Ilepea oT, aenErBalof Eap.E{Eo, Et73o6lllnBaror liadMot DtrrprrEot 0,5_1 cM.

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Ot^Tosran 2 BneBo ornna+qErsaror AnsEy orpe3na I_3, paB_ Fyro 22 cM. OT Tosfts 3 DlloAonx.aror Becrfl rop,raoxTarlsyro trrsEto, Ea Rompot ornnlrA6rBaror22 cid (orpeoor 3_ 5;. Or rov_ r.r b orryckarortreptrerqrxynqp,q,rBEofi?o cu t.rp"""" i_oi. 'to.lxat/zG E 4 j,2 coeAlfE{ror. OTroqKE g ony"*ulo* oupo"J_ arKynrp. Of roqxll I sneBo ofEraA6lBarc[ troJroBrEy naE E sElpe3a _-, ropJloBEEErc Ba,qEei ,racrtr i{erErca. BTo r/r rtep*" oooo"""". ooxBara nrrl Enroc 2 cM, T.e. 6 cld (Totrxs ?). Or toqrq g e; nriEar cepeArG6rctrrEriE ornnaJ{ErseDTr/! E"p""r, ElJ (orpeska 1-Z), r.e. g cM (rosxa 8), OT "op"or* roqxlt 7 EposoAsr n&E'rro AnasLI trreqa, paDEyto 1O,b cM (roqria 9). IIa dororofi nnEltu (BctrotdoraTen6Bofr) oTruaAhrBaror6,5 cM or To,rRE lt ('.oqlta 10), Or rosxf, g aaEsjnaror Eteqa Ea I cM. ",rlrs.Ero nyorBa nopnoDEErir cIIspAII oTr.naaqhrBaercs oT ToqxE ! o _f Brro; cTatsT To.r*y 12, r.e. oll)e3oK6-11 orpeBRy5_12. tl-18 - AnEEatrnesa, pasEa.s10,5 cM. Or ros_ -Orp6aox Ira 13 aaBEr*aror nuEqro uteva aa 1 cu; or rovx, 6 yAnEEflor nrE ro Eaaa Ea 8 cM, KoEeq no-rq^reEsoro orpeoka coeAllErrcr c roqlrotr 12. Or roE E 2 tr 4 yArEEr$or nmtrro cpe,r,-rEf,r cnrE_ xa z rctouorate.nrrJrlo 6okoByro,rlEEro Ea 8 cM. Antr trocrpoeEas r<aEtoEoEa or ro,rl({ S yAjrllartoT BctroMoraler6ay(, rrrxltro cepeAnEn E6peAa Ea 25 cu (roqxa 14i.

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OAexAa Mr Ma^u0ei

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Z cM(ro,jKa Itr,r| 8 r l2 coAaEsror,Or roqxa lg o:rcaalularor 18). To.r_ Z cM BEria tr trpoBoasT EapyrcEyro JrrtFrrrollatrIotrro}]a. Pacftpofi n IroItrxB .I[nr packpoq pacEonararorBArkpofikyctranl'soro Melrka JJrErei cepeAnsLr saAae{ vacru x cruOyrxaur. Ha EBEl Aaror trp-Mryckxor I Ao l,E cM E BaBriclrMocrr,r or ro,rq{BLr rHaEtr. l Ire.reabre r, 6onoBLre [B!, craqnsaror, gopMnpyroT ]Tnar. lca_ trrortros craq&Baror, a M"*o* ,*rr"uro, ioornro, Baaxroro, ya_ qacrr, sraqrBaroTB EepeAEroro, nltEeEs}'ro y"or*r, Oop*"py, MoAenb 2.Cna,b{bti! pg xaaaxu, Cna:*aue umtRE. BultrorgeEgLre ^ewoxi fio Mqrxofi Toacr6i rxariarlJra casrerrrqecr{oro Mexa, _ Teur'rlreI{ trpariTEsEHe. p]jaBa noM6trEnposar_ Ehre, cfepeArr pelraE, csaAri qe,,rEForipoeE6re. Hua pyraror Mo'*(Eo BErtrorEIlrEB Brqe Bapelnek.pe6esox raxxe rao*er IrpocoBll Barhp) u(r lrepeipaapeaH BBlr3y pl1raEos.ltaruoooll, trocrpo_Ellbi I or4en6soi Mo]r.BoqpEcTenrsarb r.rJrfl rrpnllls sarb. na B6rtrollEe8tre Tarioro MeEfta Eeo6xoArrMo 2,1 M rriasl-l IIpr rtruptrIre 90 cM, Heo6xoA[MLre ueptar, cM; O6xBarlferi _ 24 (12). O6xBarrpyA'r - 50 (28), Annsa pyKaBa_ 20. An&EaMeIlI&a_ 22. IlocrposEre qeprel*a AJrs DocrpoesEs qprerr(acEnERl4or roqxD I ,r_Cnf,sRa. rpru. I ra, [poaoa.qr BepTrkarr,rr]rro nrlEuro fi orrare,qlrBaloT

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anuEy ctranEEoro MeI[Ka, paBH]'ro 72 cM. OT ror{En 1 nporonIIHnlo m[p]IHr'I n oraa! BcnoMoraTeJr6sylo rop[soHTanbsy& RnaabrBaror B EepByro orrepeab ErrpEsy roprroBrrEbr csaan, pa3syro 1/o MepRn troJIoEnHLr o6xBara ltrell, Drrbc 1,5 cM, r.e. 6,5 cM (ro'rKa 3). Iny6lrEy ropnoBr.rrrElorrinaAltBarcr or loqero t/3 Mepror ronoBr.IEll o6xBara treu, MnEyc 1 cM, r.e. nr1 roq&a 4. Or roql|n 3 orllna.qLlBalor BneBo I/, Mepfir tronyo6x' sara lpyArr, rlnrcc 2 cM, r.e. 14,5 cM (roqlta 5). HaMe'reEHLre TOqK!1coAr.rEsror. oT TorI&r.I 5 Ea yAntrsefifioii ropllsoEran]Eoil rsIItrtr ornnaArrBaloTAnnEy p)'riaBa, nnroc 4 cM, T.e 24 cM (10'r&66). Or ro.rlin 6 otryc&alor neptreHAlrIryrsp, IIa noropoM orr(naaHBaror 4 cM ( roqHa ?r. To'rRy 7 coe,ruEHior nIIHlrpii oxa14 cM ra pyKaBa c ror{r.oi 3. or ro'Ikr-r 5 BEn3 orrita.qNlalor (roqlra 8). Or roqxr 7 rpoAonniabr Beprr{KanBlryb nnErrro }r of&rarBtBaror saEei 14 cM(roqria9). T0.1l r19 s 8 coearnslor n tronl^raroT nuH,rK, nE)&IrerocpesapyKaBa. oT Torrx{ 8 orRnatrErraror lra nrrHrfi l Drcnero cpe3a pyliara 7 cM (ro.IRa 10). c M ; o rp e 3 o & 8 1 2 :1 1 c M. O rp e 3 o ft8- 11: 4 HHe roqxu cocAtrEt}or. Donl^las,1x Hnro cppJa. Oi HsMe'{ets roc&u 7 orxraAr,rBap! Ea nltsrM p]'riaBa 7 cM (ro.rrta 13). Orpesol| 7 9 Aensr roronaM, roqxy cepealrl$I coeAtrE.slorc rorrKrMr 13 r 10 r torwaror ErrtErfi cpes pynaBa. Ha 7 cM Or ro-Irilr 2 flpolonx.alorn'IlInIocepAlrHbrcr'Islin qeprel,Hrrisri 1l 6yar coeanlleE c ilepeaoM cpe3, xoropnii u qecrLlo MelrKa, 6orioBol:l IpA. ,4rs rocrpoeEu qepre)r(a trepeAa npoBoAsr Bepru' nanbnvro nIIIrIrIo. IIa sert orlrna,4ErBaror or roqnn 1 (plrc. 176) &nfiEy cranlEoro MeEI(a, paEsl'Io 72 cM (roqKa 2). or l.oqlrs 1 orrina,qblBaro{ Bnparo lrlspslry B]'rpe3anoptoBIrsH, parHylo '/ 3 Mep_ Rlr o6xlara tulr, nnroc 1,5 cM, r.e, 5,5 cM (roqxa 3). Or roqli]l 1 orKnarErBaror BIIII3 Iny6nEy ropnoBr.tl {, pallll.'ro 1/3 Meplir o6xBara mer, rrroc 2 cM, r.e. 6 cM (Toqria 4). Or roqxn 3 IIa roprsoEranbEoii ntrr r orrina,qr'IBaFr rrepRy nonoBrrsr'I o6xBtra rpy,q{, Erroc 2 cM, r.e. 14,5 cM (ro.ll 5). Or roqns 5 onyclrarc{ trepresAnKyrsp, or roqlcu 2 BrpaBo rrpoBonar roplrsoEra-lbEylo ntrE'tro. Or roc&n 5 ornna,qbrBaror a"rr.rEypyrcaBa, trnloc 4 cM, T.e. 24 cM. Or roqKr 6 ofiyckaK/t BcrroMorarerr6E6tt nepleEArrKynsp s onrira,Frtarc{ IIa EeM 4 cM (roqKa 7). ToqKy 7 coeAurslor c Bep_

42

oAeMAaA/t' MaAHuJeti

)(Eei n[F{eftpyR ra c ror*ioi 3. Ha Eprnftn6Eofr nl@tl,r oT_ xna,FrEaroT 14 cM oT TorlKri 5 (rosl.a 8). Or To-rKv ? npoAon,I{aroTBeprrr&aiGEyo nEllto r oTftnaabrDaro4 14 cM(rcqKa g). ToqriII 9 tr 8 coeArE rror tr trorr] raror JrrrstrroFllrnEero cDe_ aa p)naBa. Or ro"nE I orxrranBrBaro,r Ea nxEr" rrn*"""o"3a pykasa 7 cM{roqxa 10}. Orro,{trx 8 DpoBo4ar6nccerrpacy ArEEofi 4 cM (roqrca 11). An.E o6o3Ea-rer{s aflrsbr cDesaor ToqKrr8 oTxraAArBaroT 11 cM (ToqHa12), HaM"ourr"r" ,oo*o coealtE lor II trOnyqaloTJIEEU IOCpe3a.of TotIIrI47 OTKnagErBaIsr Ea Bepxaei naElne pjrrcala 7 cM(rorrka 13). Orpeaon 7_9 ,qe.rIsT EOIIOJTaM tr TorrrcycepAttEEIcOeAtrEEIOt C TOqLAidtt 13 In 10, Eofiysas naEnro EIIxcEerg cpesa p].r1aBa.Jlr,rEqroloproBEELr.Arsr rroEonaMI{ roqxy cepeArrEBr coeAuE ror c roqriofi g. OProvra cepe4uarr oninaaqErBaror0,8 cntrEsepx Ir npoBoAsr
IIiFIIIO pe!]I6sa.

Ilyrnr[pEas nEEns 4-12 sBnsetcs yarrlIeEtreM rr{EEI' IIoA sacTeririy JIeBofiBepxEefi raacTtr. An.s Eocrpoesss cepTerRa 6oraoBoi qacrn trpoBoAsr Bep_ Tst|arEEyto nrErrto. AnnEa or?ea(a 1-2 (p{c. 1?E) coorBer_ cTByeTAnllEe 6oxoBof nrEus r pyriaBa caaAs, o1rroq&tl 2a Ao roq&E 14 (cM.prc. 1?6).Illtrpara 6oKosofi.racrE or rotr&E 1 ro TorrnE 3 14 oT roqlttI 2 Ao rotrK[ 4 cocTarn.f,eT? cM, OTDe3ora 13,[eJr.sr trotronav. Toqrta cepeAxrErb o6oaEaqaer koE;EBeDxEefrqacTq6o&a. IlocrpoeEre qellreJ{aa|latrrolrlosa qepree trepeA{ed qacrf, ftsnloltroEa. HaqvEaror qeprern or BepTrrrcarbEot nrrEtrr, o6o3Eavaroqei cpeAaay nepega. Or Toqrar I (p[c, 17r) orRraABrBaFT AnnEy trepeAanaDoErosa, paDFyrc3l cM. OTToqKu I sa ropx3oETanbsor rrrrurjHoTr(naAlrBaro? ErrpnEy natrIoEoEa, paBEr-ro21 cir (rorrxa B). Toq1tn 1-3-4-2 - rpsMoyrorEq{&. Or roq&r 4 orKnaAbrBaror BBeDx 4 cM (roqRa 5). Or roentr 5 3ay)|txlalor Depe4nurrro*ouu ru 4 cM(ro.{Ka 6); orp3orc 5-7:1cM. Or ro'tRrr 7 4)oBoAsT rsprsoFTanbsyrc nIIsIrIo Anr_rHoi g cr,[ (roqria 8). ToqKn 8 u 6 coeAnFsror;orpe3on 8-9 _ r,ry6nxa paEEas 3 c!d. BLrTatrrcu,

hexaa am xoeopoxAexxurx
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Pxc. 17. KoHcrpyrpoBaE,re cna^bHoro Meulxac pyxaaaM,(Mo ae^b 2): a - cnrHka; 6 - nepea; B - 6oxoeaevacrb; r - nepeaHen gacTbxanbuoHa; A - 3aaHii qacrb xanpuJoHa

44

OaexAaA s Ma HUlet

paB Or ro'rFi[ cepeAriELt BI'ITaqr!]r orl|naAr'IBalor ee AnBrry ' g roI coeal{Irglor Eyro 10 cM (rornia 10). Toqi|]t 10 r 8, 10 lr nl/trarol JIr.IHI-IIIBblTarrlin. (roqxa 11)' ItantouoB co sropoEBr trepAa saylrclBarsr lra 2,5 cM = 12 r 11 cocM ToqRr 10 To.$r 11 u I coAltH.sror; orye3ox 1-12 coeABEtrsr' tr 6 elrrEsor; orpesoti 3 13:11,5 cM. Toqlir 13 geore,$ gaaseii qacrx EamoruoEa' Ha'rItEaIo? qeprejl( or o6osEa'raloqeii cepeArsy 3aAEeii'racreptrxaar,noi.'rr'rxuu, (ro-[ca 2) Or rI'. or roqxr 1 (prc. 17A) orRraAbrBalor 24cM paBEyIo 8 cM (roq_ ranrouoaa, roq&r 1 orl(nag6lBaror mrpll|y Iia 3). Ha trony'reEE6lx rotr&ax crposr trpsl{oyroJrEErlK: ro!It<r.r:r-2-4 3; orp$o& 3-5 : ?,5 cM;orp3o&4 6-2'5cM' HaMe.reEELre ro.llilI coeanssror tr tror]ruaror lrapy'{{Eyto 6llcnl{Enro 3aaEeii .racts Iiarllomosa. OT To-rts 3 [poBoAsr celcrplrcy AnuEofi 2,5 cM. Pacftpof,x nourIIB rlp pacnpoe He cre,qyer 3a66rBarb o sprnycRax sa rDB6l' ctr}rErclr B6rripoilxy Hy'tcEo pacnonor{rrb cepeAEEon rlepeAa 'r qepea rorr_ trpoxoAlr x crn6yrftaslr. AoJIeBa,l Errrl' ttanrortrolra rb cnanlst'it I'{cnonb3oBa fi l -2. B HaqecrBe np{Meps Mo}I{Ho Merrrori,y lroroporo MonEIrs trpoxoArrr IIo qeETpy' BEa'rateEeo6xonnMo trpuraqar! vonuvlo Do ueHrpy nepeaa B En]{(F|nx pyl{' !/cnr cacrrrx pyxaBoB repeaa o6pa6orarb orBepcrtrs ans crrayer yripaEreEr's rrx Irrlrr rraKrre'En6yab eclL atrflrsftaqtrs ' Ilnerlecoea'ls[rr' IIpr,rmI1T6cpasy llocne sforo seo6xoar'rMo qacrsM'l saAsei l[ trepeAEefr Boii cpeapyriaBa, a sareM Metr{Ay qacrE' coeAl-rlrsg roql{n' cfianbsoro MerIlI{a acraBtrTb 6orioBylo 14' Eaql,tsas c 2a ]I 3ariaE.ltrBas ro'{xot coeArGrrr,. Ica oIIroE t'nare'rbEo cAe-Ileran'l riaElotrroEa naf! nBoilEHM. Ec"E ero [praraqsBarr' B ropnoBtrFy ctranbsom Merr$ia, To BepxE IrI lr BIr}{ peEsss qagII,I cTarrlfBalorcs' ocraajIss oflrpEtrbrM cpe3. Roropljfi trpnra{l,'Baercs R ropnoBtlte Aatee I9pnrqes]'ro sfopoHy riamollloEa flpllTaqaTb fi nsqeBot cmpoEe qasrb KaIIorc BtrF?e 3Toro noDrflrll, coAtrEss IIeHrpEr. Ilocne repnoBnIlpa4 tro B orcrpo'rrrb fiomosa troasepErE Ha 0,5 cM I, nponolxtrrbmAenoslrcerporiliy Ee. Itoraartanomos6yaerrsmB,

OaexAaA^i HoBoPo)KAeHHbx

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qepesxallloltrog' n sariosdrnnsaMe &atro Bcei annEe MonErt[' nocne floro trpsracarl AorrHrrrxo' t*trv Lo -"';;;;';;;"" " mrt.o* ""c'poalr fo roprloB'r' v ; 6vAer np'crrtt'arr'cs' sareM 6eiriot' nnla Eoaxpoigoi r" ;;;;;;;""'; a trep_ "ocof t{ &ax crpor{xy' orAenotlEylo rioo*oo""o floctrono-rxe' Bropoi "no"o*"Tb ropnoBnEe ;;;;;;;;, '' MeItrKA' ".'""r'e, "; ctraJIbEOIO aoEl'tttrrio EpltTaqaTb Ie ' oTolo -i"o'o*o" orripEloo"tpouttl' tro *p]'Iryr ocra't*a B'tr'v yraorl(pblrLrtr S -f o l'"' IcaEroEoEshtBepsyrh' r*l w""-" orB Mecraxcraq}IBaEnstrponoxfiTb atro rrrntr rpo6lrr6 "pf,tvt uoE sy tcaErosroaa "t*'""*tt" "tpi'i"". nnefiK' trPtlfisrl' E]'roBfiq'' """."""iopnou"t" "o-tto"o

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OAex<aa A^9 Ma^uulei


rlocrlroeElle seprer*a

Ars MoAenIIpoBa.Eus ncrlon63}1or ocEoBBot qeprr& EepeAaII crmftn nr.Oa (cM. pac, 36), a rar$*e p}'Ica3a (cM. p!rc, 38) c ]^IeroM pasMepoB p6es&a. rlpu BbllronEeErlE nons],E&oB c Bralnlt'rlltrjr py_ Karar\,rlr oc!&Bnsror qel/rcnilt nlr(ba I{ p]r&a3oB 6eB ssMeEeEuf, a rlIraErrEbr rrepTtlt corllacHo [prceaeFEoMy llE]rie oIIIl cs.Errlo. JIn4. Iocne pactronqrieElrs qeprexca nroa (perrraE) nri_ EtreE cepeatrEl,r r tro EpsMofi nEEIltr or Toqrrtr 1 (pnc. 1ga) oT_ xna,q6rBaroT1/3 MepKrr Eonyo6xBaTa rpyaE, MtrEyc 2 cM, T.e, 0,3 cM. OT To.r&n 2 oEycRAror EeptreEAnnynsp, 3aTMoTrcra_ aLrEaror BErcoTy cpe3a, paBr{yp r/, Mepri{ [onyo6xBara rpyas, rnroi 1 cM, r.e. 13,5 cM (roqxa 3). crorr6r (orp3oK 2 4) paBEa AnrEa or fanrx.qo ocEoBa.Er.s 38 cM; orpeiori 4-5 : 4 cM; orpe3ox 5-6 : ,/3 Meprc&AnnE6r c ryrl Es, r.e . 8 c M . OT To.r&r 3 orrilaAErBalor Ea Bc[oMorareJr6rrofi n&E]rn cpe_ 3 a r / d tro n yo 6x s ar a r py A n, M n u y c 2 1 c M , r.e . ? ,8 c M tro.rxa Zt. Toqky 7 coeAxHslor c rocno* S tro.rl.a nepe.cqeEfl.n ropnoDr_ EEr tr trepeAa nlliba). Or rorrKr 3 Ao Toq$]r 8 oTraJrarbrlarcn rari_ t&e t/s Mep&r tronyo6xBara rpyAr M&Eyc 1cM, r.e. ?,A M. 060_ sEar{arcT saTeM rrrfipr.t Ey HtBa, oTt{naaLrBas or roq&a 6 tro 4 cM i orp e 3 o r i 6- 9: 4 c M ; orp e s o & 6 -1 :4 c M . ToqRy I coeArEsror c roqtroi 7, roqny 10 _ c ro.$ofi 8. __ lepr)I| paclllripsror, yq&TbrBarr llpl'trycn Ha sacrer{ny Eo 2 cM or roqeri 5 ,r S, JIraEnn mraEnEEr Bayx.r-rDaror co cTopos, cepArrEF trep_ 4a Ha 1 cM, co croposr,r 6oka - Ea 0,5 cM. Or ro.r&tr 4 trpoBoA'Ir nrHar c6opxn B oonacrE ocHosaHs.scrorH. ToqRa 5;r 56 o6oal1asaror Mecra okoltsaFrr.g EsoD loTasltsEl. Ha otpeaxe. 060rHsqesnoM roqxaMn 5a.6,56. BDfiBaror trepea cryrnu, oOo_ BEarresEr,re roq&aMfi 4, 1, 5. Cpeo perlaEa yArfis.EroT Ea 1 cM II [poBoA.sr 6orioByro ,IIErrro. Cnnura. 9eprext pacnonararor rlrExefi cepeAnELr tro Bep_ rrfKarl bEot rnB x 6. Or roqr{II ] (prc. 186) BAo.,t rfuP.uu iatyn orriraALrBaror r/3 Mepxro6xrara rpy4[, r.e. 8,9 cM(roql{a2). Or roqK[ 2 npoBoArr BFprrrtrarbHyro n]tHHro ssn3. BhrcoTa cpeea crrnEKn AntrHHeeEucorLr cpera nepeAa Ea 1,5 cM,

OaexAaMq toaopoxAeHHblx

47

OrpeBoK 2-3 -rlr ronyo6xBara rpyAr + 2,5 cM + 15 cM. OTpeBoK 2-4 - Arnse IIIraErEI'I or ranlrlr Ao octroBalrlrs crorbr + 38 cM. Orp 3 o x 4 5: 4 c M . Orp 3 o x 5- 6: 1/ s M e p n s A,l IrH l r c rl EE n , t.e .4 c M. Or ro.rft[ 3 orllnarbtBalor lra BcrroMoratenBEolt ntrE ni or' pesox 3- 7 (c qepre)r trepeAa),nrroc 1 cM, r.e, 8,3 cM (roqria 7). Or ro'Iiu 3 orxnaA6lBaror 8,3 cM (roqt.a 8). IIITaElsa. AnstrocrpoeErts uu,tpxsEl Er{}r{Eefo cp3a mraE 116r OT&'a{ETBAIOT OT TOtIIirr 6 rIO BepTUrCan[ I,I roptAosTar[ Do 4 cM (roqKtr 9 s 5) tr 5 cM (roqxa 10). Toqlis 10 n 8 coeAnEsror scrroMorarerbEoft rllllllrei. orpe3ox InTaEtrELror roqll,I 3 Ao ro.rli[ 4 AeJIsr EotrotaM. OT EaMeqeHHoi ro.]$n 11 [po' BoaaTBcnoMonarenlHylo nr,rEnrcao n Mllt. coeauHsbr4ct Toq Ii 10 r 8. OcEoBFyro nnEnro rnrasrHEl sayt&rEaror sa 1 cM (roqrca 11a). Or roqxs 11 o6$Ea.ramr ocraBmyroc.E Errpttsy mraEsH6r, orxnaabrBas arlrEy orp$ria 11-11a (rocfta 12). Toqlin 12. 7 t! I coear.rHslor. Toiitca 13 o6$Hatraer cpe,qrxy orpesna 7 12. BcnoMorarenlsyo nlrErlo say,IulBalorxa 0,5 cM. O6oaHa_ rraror rnBsro [oa60pra aacTet(KE mtrpnlloi 2,5 cM, aoxo,qsrqyro Ao ror{Kr 14. JIuEI{ro cpesa, o6o3lraqesEyro roqRaMu 54, 6 r 56, coeAtrsspr nIIIr}Iefi 3a,qltei qacr}I cr]'Esll, o6ossaqeEHofi ToqriaM[ 4,2 ta 5. JIrErro cpesa pernaEa yarrtt Hsror Ea 1 cM ,r crposr J1trElrlo 6 oKa . Cryrtrs. Otroqnr 1 (psc. 188) orruaAErBaror An{Iry crytrEn, paBEyro 12 cM (roqria 2). Orpe3oli 2-3 - r/r AnrHl,r cryrEr, r.. 4 cM. Orp$orc 3-4: orpesKyS-5 - 4 cM. HaMeqeEsHe loqKrl coeAlrEsx)r Eapyn sbIMtr nI'a!'sMI| cryrrHrr, xari [oriasarro sa plcyExe. nmrE. IIITas{sl,I coeAr'Isrrlor &nItEoM, BrrrlrrHM B cps c}r_ .aeEbg. Crposr RBanpar (prc. 18r), co cropoEaMn, pallrErlulr orp$" r{y 7-13 (cM. ptrc, 186). B aaEEoMcJlj raeorpesox ?-13 paaeE 7 cM. OT To.rR 1 n 4 ceprex yBerrlrqrrBaror, aaBas flpl'trycli Ea sacrelr{&y 2 cM. OcraBErl*cs o6o3EaqeHs6rfrr't3n[meE Tftasr El{pnlloi 2 cM rrc[oJrLsytoT Ea [oa6opT sacrer{ilit.

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Puc.1a. KoHcrplvpoBaHre flo^3yHKoB: a-nepe ; 6- cnrxKa; B *cryflHr; r_ x rB; A_ pyKaB PFraB, P]naB yAnEsr ror Ea ErrpriEy ororEyrofi Ma.E)tcerhr, r.e, Ba4 cM, BepxBsfi cpeayArnEsror Ea 1 cM(pric. 18A). IIp[ pac&poeyqarErBaror upu nycxu: 1 enr- no ,mr{ ropnoBlrELr, rrepAa, cIInaKn, pyxaDa; 1,5 cM _ no nllsra perJra_ Ea; Eo nrrEE cepeAr{sN flepeAa _ b cM (na [oA6opr Bacrenr_ KE)i tro BEyr,pesHeMy cp$y Eri3a rllaantrEEr- 2 cM (EatroA6opr 6acfeiririn); Ea 6orioBEre urBhr * 1, b cM, [o rr_tErr[Icp$oB caytr_ sIIIr Er,rl{{Enx cpe3oB trepeAnefi fi saAEe*qactfi _ 0,b cM.

A^l HOBOpOXAeHHbtX Pacl.poi r troEnB

fiocne pacxpos craqnBaror 6or{oB6re cpeibr rlpe4a & cflrEttrr, a rarcrrce qpe3Er plrkaBoB. c[IdaaroT oTp3IcI{ BEyTpeEI{rrx ToqxaMn cpesoBrDrasrrE oT MecT,o6osEaqeBELrxlra BLrHpofiR 6 a (pEc, 18a, 6) Ao fitrarfi, o6o3Baqaroqtrx c6opHy. BrarrrBarol cft'IrEn, cooTBTcTBeIrEo c,oe,qtrEss trepeaEtre lI 3aAEIl qacfta, Bareu craqr$aror xrrg c BiqEnM; qacrsMtr ETaHnE BAoJtl BpxEltra orpeg&oB TaK, qro6Lr roqria 3 Ea .repre*ce rirrElra coeAttEsnac6 c roqriot ? Ira .reprer* BaaEefi qacrfi. o6ra*!y n rriarB rnBoB y BpaeB 3acTexfit4 BEyrpeEs}Ix cpesoB trepeaa I1ITaELELT x rinlrEa orrr6aror ]c us8axo.rEofi cropos troA BEyapelIEIre cpBrI sagEei qacrz ETaEun. o6raqlry [pnMerNBarol, Ans yI(peEJIeEr-rs cpesoB trepAa, sacrolriK{ y lueu s pyftasoBr a ratirfte B AenoparrrBEr,Ix qe.r'Ix Mor(so rlplrMeEsrl, 6enriy trocn pa$ipos ro xocofi Etlrx.Iullpl,llra 6enrir trocne pacrcpos AonxtEa cocraBnsrE 2,5 cM, Intrpl,rlra ee IIo nnqBofi cropoEe - olloro 0,5 c!r. 11o o6ossa.{eHaro saErBaror 6eilor R Sn3y rIIraII'IH. B EIlx BcTaBnsFr pe3]rHl{tr:rn[ J{ 3aBg3na. Ha cepen[se DepeAa tr ao BEyrpeEsrlx cpesax IlraEI{s rIpEICPETJISIOT IIEOtrKII I'N' XCE iIPjIEITBAIOT trNOCKI,IE N}'IOBIIqBI lt BhlMET6IBAIOT COOTBETCTEYIOqEi ANfi EbI IIETNrI.

OAEXAAA^R AETEff

f,cEAbHOff rPYnnbt
NECOqHl,|K

flecoqEfii r3r.sercs o.ren6yAo6sot oAe)xAoi narctrns Ma-E, q,!la, Tarrr rus ieBoqritr. IIILToTero r4scarus ,qrr trocrpoeusr qepr)na BLrRpotI{llseo6xo,qr*r ",""1yIOIIIj1E MEDI(Ii B CM:

Mr aeTet rce^bHoi mynnhl


Pocr pe6eEKa - 8tl. Iloryo*pyxsocra rpy.q{ - 24. [onyoKpyxEocrb Eeu - 11. .I{a cBo6oAEoe o6neraEtre Ilecoqsttta Aaercs llpu6aBfta tleprerx aEr*poftkrr 3aAsed n sopAget sacrE trecoqEtrra
BMeCfe,,taE liarr os Ee n eoT 6oraosorg Insa. BhrpB r$p-

uorrceT6brTr,nto6ol. IlocrlroExe cepre*a Ans docrpoesrs rreprerBa a JreBoldBepxEen[ ]/Iry ntrcra Eainecaror rotrsy A (prc. 19). IIpq troMoq4 ,lr.onEEEqepea ely rornry EpoBoarrTaBe a3a[Mso trep[esal&ynspEX JIEE I{: rOpIrIsOETanLEyrO - nillnro rtreg! BepTgllanb* E ctrfiErcr,l. oT toqDcl A ao toqr! nEEaro cepa[EEr ,Eyro , otrsrralbrsaror tronyoxpynGocr6 rpyarr, Ilnroc 10 cM, T.e. 34 cM,

q6u orrPeAen{roT rrl{pr{sy *ecotrsnfta. oT TotIIis B BE a [potrenrErro; ero 6yIsTnllElrq cpeaItEEI roasT BepTfixanbFyro pocra, orrcnaaErBator Eon9Bnsy OT roqRr A rorltatr III Ao ttAa. cM, r.e. 39,5 cM, I{B mql.x III Btrpalo tipoEoAsr rorqry6 f ptSoltanbEylo n{EEro - JltrBrllo llmra. Or rosru A ao ro.{r T orrna,q[rBaror i/i rracr; pocr;pe6edKa, r.e. 21 cii. Or roqrcn T itrpaBo EpoBoasr rtoptsoEtaJr6Frro Jfisalo, rcoropaa Ed3Ersaercs nmlIe* TanBe. Or rorrBn A ao ToEtcs I oTSna,qlrBaror tronoDtrEy anllrrLl ao laJrtlti, ItJltoc 2 c!a, r.e. orpeBol.10,5 + 2 - 12,5 ct|. tfu To-aKEf BtrpaBo trpoBoarr ropraorrrani,Bylo nIIEI{ro,
EasbrSAerCSnrEni tny6dBLI [pofM6r.

' Or to.rxa III Ao eorKn II orxraaLraaror ArsEy sratoaoro (8 cri Ans Bcex pabldepoD).or rocl H strpaBo trposoAsa .foprsosrd.fiBsJrro nraEsro- Jraauro EsBa. Or ro.rlrE A E[paDo 2 cir. Or roqr<I| 2 aEtrs trpoBoArr Beprr4kajrEFyro Illtq)xsy EecoqBaKa tro nEsrE a,ry6rlEEr rpotM6l Aensr aMrI (/r c6p6ar[E6rr Ty E apyryro croposEr ofl<na,qErBaloT [poiMLr. IIB o6sx ro.reB 4 cM, sera oq)eaensEr [tpEy

52

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4 BBepx npoBoAsr aeprrxanbllHe trpsMr,reAo Eepecesesrs rx c nr4Er4eii Ifierr. or roqrix 2 ao ro.rlir P orxra,qbrBaror 1/3 qacrB err, trrrroc 0,5 cM, r.. 4,2 cM. 9ro Mepxr tronyoripyxsocrrr 6yAer l[rprrHapocrI(a. Or roqK[ P B3epx orrinaAEraabr 1,5 cM - B],rco?y pocrr' I En Io p o c T K a r c o e n x Es r Torrnfl 2 u xa - x B br qepv r iB alor 1,5 oBanbEoii nnslrei (psc. 19). BMecre c nrs IIIen no o e p e a y ne. oqs f lt ( 3 p o .ro r{ c o .ra Bn n e T "brpe3oM u e n h rt BB rper,K oropbrii HaslrBaercs roptoBuso;. IIo r,lsnr! orpeAerEtoqefi

oaexAa A^9aerei gce^bHoirpynnbl

53

meu BEI{3 oTlcraablBamT z cM, IIIrlpr{Ey nponMlr, or JIItsI,rI,r qeM orpeaenrrror cKoc nJlqa cnnEKI-r. I]poBoasr nnssro Ereqa, coeAunss rorrKr 1,5 r 2 trp.sMoii, Epoaonr{as ee Ha 1,5 cM GnE noca-aRul. TaK,rM o6pa30M. ooopM,rntor 'l 14H ro rpoinMH c nonoBLlio'i InllpnH!I IIecoqctrrrHr.ri, coearrEss riPas trJ1erla Efina qepes BcnoMolaTenbHr,Ie TocKL, ftaFi tro(a3aEo na qp' fe)rie. or Toqrin E BBepx orr{naabrBalor BBIcory fop,roBIrELI (2 cM). Orrocxr 2 BreBo u noA irpnM6lM yrrloM I| nrrlllrll cpe' arrH6 i re p . A a npoB oI s T ro p n 3 0 s T a " l i ' s y ro ,rl rB n l o . of roqfrs 2 Ao ro'Irir B orlinsAErralor '/3 qacr6 MpftIr ol|py}I lrocrlr ropnoBlrEbl). Toqfta B rEelr, rnloc 0,5 cM: 4,2 cM (urpnlla sBrrseTcs BLrcIIIefr Totlrioi ropnoBnriEI. or ro-{Kr 2 Ao ro.IEr-r A orKnaA6IBaIor rny6ffry ropnoBllElr, parEyro III]IpI,IIIe ee, Bqepq}rBarof .tsHltlo ropnoEr{I$r, coealrEss roqr|tr B u A oBarLEoii nrElrei. fio nrHI'Iti, onpeAensrcqen
IIIIIPIIHY NPOiMI'I, OT JIITEI{I IIIEU BIII]I3 OTKNAALIBAIOT 2 CM (CftOC

nJlqa DepeAa).ItpoBoasr "rlrllrulo nreqa, coeauEss roqxll B u 2, trpoAon]I(anee sa 1,5 cM, Br,IqpqrBalor trpoilMy trepeAa, co' eanEss ripaii flneqa c DonoBnHoil lnupullbl necoqlllrlra qepes EA qepfeSe. TOqXI,,IiAX IIOIiaSaEO BCtOMOraTenbAr,Ie qactl' necoqHr'IriapacruspslorEa rlonIIIrr'l Illara 3a,qlrrcIo ? cM, a nepeAEroro IIa 5 cM. flo nxstrtr r rsa saAErolo qacrL recoqErrr paclllfiprcr sa 5 cM, a repeasrolo - Hs 3 cM. BLr_ ceptrrBaror nrsnro cepearnbl saaEeil qacrr re cepearHbr repeallei qacrt, EaroBoi moB rr nrllrls sn5a, cofoqftIl, ftax tror{a3aHolla qepTe}l{e. e.rrxHss BcnoMoraTenbHEle ne p c n a .4 e ra rc r n p x n y .R 2 .M H a raxon f lo n rl Hxl r c c peax Hr , r 3acre,(Rrr rr 4,5 cM rrs ee o6pa6orl|y. PacrNpoi r rourlIa PaclrpanBas [ecoqHrrri, AerraFr cneAylorqfe tp[nycrilr Ea rrrBEr:ri cpeanlle 3aasefi Ir trepeasei qacreii (Irrl,lce gacre}Ii_ Rn), no nneqy, npoiiM n maroEoMy lrrBy - I cM, I pocrxe r ropnoBnEe - no 0,7 crtr. OrMe.raror cepeAr'rsyrcpeaa. SareM o6pa6ar6lBapr 3acrQr(' Ky. Arrq rroro DprnycB Ba o6pa6orA) otrn6a;r B cropoHy 3' Eanr.Il, cpes rxx{Hei qacrri sacreni'rs rloarrr6aror BsvrpL It

54

OAexAaA 9 Ma^bturei

rpaflpaqlBaroT. clllnBarcra r[aroBbre rrrBlr, 3aTM cpeasrri moB cnssl!tr { trepeaa, saxpetrrss BacTe*r(y * B RoEqe qollepeq_ EoE cTposftoi. floAtrrtrBaror IItrs necoqErr&a floA pesltEriy. Cmrraror pyxana. flpoMeThrBaKyr rreT.rra, BopoTEErc rrprltr[BaroT B ropnoBnEy c nocoi o6Ta.rKoi. IoroBlli trecorrE[R ory_ rF)ri{BaroT, trpaErtrBaroT nyroBtrq6r rr BABaroTpanEriy.

NECOT{HUX HA KPYTAOff KOKETI(E


neco.rsrx A,r.s Manb[IIa Moniso crurmb sa ftpylnoi ftoxeTfte. Ans o?oro Ea Br,rxpot&e trecoqlt&Ra, AaEEoro Blrllre, EaMeqalor nrtllrro EorieTftrr, Anrsa r mEpr|Ha xoropo* paBEa rrr_ pnEe [re.ra (pEc. 20a). Or xotcerritr Ha [epeAEeii n BaAHeft

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56

OAexaaMt MaAHue;

tlacTrlx I1ecoqEl{IlaEal![eqalm nt,tE[E paspe3a.no f,dMeqeEEEIM nzErlsr'fi Briripoft Ity paspe3alor. Pacrpoii r nouna BBrftpoixy tro nrEur paspera pasABlraroT Ea 5,8 cr{ Ars c6opxr (ptrc. 206). I{ cepeAsEertonerxri ctrrErilr AaroTrrprrycx Ea eaxoA Bactet|C&,t 2 cM u Ea o6pa6orxy ee 4,5 cM; s pocree ri ropnoB]rEe O,5 cld, BI] sy - 2 cM, tro Bced ocrar6E6rMcpesaM Ea llrB]r Eo 1 cM. OTMeqarc{ cepeArary IioKeTnr. OrneTEofr ripai o6oposEu o6pa6aTBrBarory3&EM troArn'rBoqEElu rrrBoM.C!trrrBalor trneqBEremBEt &orier&E. IlptrmnrEoi Kpaii o6oposE co6Eparor Ea Errrxy An.r o6pa3oBaEtrso6oporreH.Ilptic6opeEEyro o6opoqxy leqeBot croposofi trprMeTf,rsaioT tr [pncTpaqrrEaroT Ea .]rrqeBlno cropoEykoEerrcr! AocepeA@ ctrtr*itr. CrraBaror cpeAEEfi ItroB nepAa. O6pa6arHBaroTrpoftMy Rocoi rIns llosipotlloi o6ratr&otr. Bepxnni cpe3treco-rsrKa riplIco6rpa1o4, It ,,rq4eBot cTopose trepeAEet tr aa,qEeirlacrei trecoqEaria trpnina,qErBaror nr-rqeEoficTopoEofiriofterr{y EepeAatr cEtrEKr c rrpxcTl,oqesEoii o6opxoi, coBMeqas cepeArEy rrepeAasa Konerne c cepe.qnEoi trepeaaEa llecoqFlrRe. K nsgaExe nococgtxa np4knarqErBaror JltqeBoi cTopoEof xocyF o6Tarrxy I EpncrpaqnBaror KorieTky l{ Ilecoqrlrriy BMecf c o60pRoi n o6Taq&ofi (o6Taq*a xoKeTft,t aoxoarrr Ao cepeaaFar cnriEKrl). o6Taq1rynorieTftn oTrn6aroT B cToposy $origrxg, ctr)e3 rroar[6a$T BEyrpL E trpucryatrrrBaroTEa 0,1 cM or cl'Il6a. O6pa6arErBabr aacrejrircy. O6raqKy Ans o6pa-

oorlclt 3&CTer*XI' I' IOpnOBtaEEICTaqEBAIOT,CKnaAbrBa]OA Jrrl4e_ aLre cTopoELr o6TaqRtr r, Ilecoqs&Ira E Eprcrpaqr$a]or oT B6rcTytra Bacrex*(r olFoii troroarslJ Ao Bhlq!]/tra Baol,oi. Orrl{6alor o6Taq&yD cropoBy noEaErir, cpe3 troArrt6ak r BEyrph n flpncrpa, SareM cTa.rrBaroT ctr eAE i rEos cn4Enrr, aaxpellra -rrrBaroT. sacaen rcy Bs'rsy troEepeqxod cr?oqltoi. CpeAstri IIIos fiepeAa rr ctrEEirr{ trpllrtrlIEarc',f x trp&Bof tronoB[Erie, CTatrtrBarot l[aro_ BErerlsLr trecoqnfiKa. Iloa[rrBaror nrm noapy6otrExM [rioM tror pesrrE&y. npoMe,rHBaroTuTrjn. foroB6tiEecoss61roT]'!.rorlrsB&or, trprlllrlBar.rr rr'afoBrqLr BAeBaroTpssrE cy. 'l

Mt AeTei tce^bHoi rpynnbl

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rEepcTgtr6rx TliaEei. IcopoTr.s q ,qnraEnhre 6ploslr )t 6eBsacrerixri, 6aETa, o6LrqEo 6es 6oKoB6rx xapi[aEoB tr

Bepx 6prora Aenaror sa psrsrie IrnE rrcec aacre*iEofi tro


EEaM. ICapMaH6r EarinaAnbre, (bacosEHe nJrll trpop$-

Epnrvxu goraror xa 6perer.Ex nnr c rpy,qKoi.

lleprex 6povex ctpor,rica no c.ne4yroqum uepriaM, B cM: IloJlyo&py)nEocrb ranwr * 28. dlotyoRpyr&socrr, 6eAep- 32. Ilocrpoenre qepiexa 6pbsen qacrE (puc. 21a). Ha nrcre 5yMaln Eptr noMory
IIpOAOA'$ pe BaanMEo treplreFAEKynspHLrenlfEUE!:

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64

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70

OAexAaa 9 Ma^uulei

JirEx}o DepeIa npoAonxaroT or To,rkfl 2I sa I cM.orToqku nd zz, ooosEarreEtIot EarLrs'l}{TaJll,I{I,t BCnOMOTA Te' BBOri,rnnErl 6oxa, oi'I naAsrBa1oT tro I cM. Or rorrlin 1 1a lrpoBoA_qr cepB EaMqesEr,Ie TOqx{ 6oKoB}aIoIIIETIIO trepaa Ir CIIEEKA. oT n4Fr{rl 1 cM r.rykopaqnBalor 6oRoB5lenrrHu Ha r cM. yeprrrnDBnro Eq)rcFefo cpe3a cna!Xn 14 trepena, P''RaE .reM Ea.rarb crporr; qeprer< pyraaBa, EyJ{rEo,rB, MepErE oripy*r8ocrE trpoiMr,r, coenrElIB -,--flpi*rAe sLrripoiriy ctr{El{l{ I{ nepeAa, fte& troKasaEo Ea prcyl{I.e 24D. Onpyx"o"r, npoif*u B AIrsoM cnyqae paBEa 2Z cM. 6yMarn trpr rroMorrlH yroJl6EEria trpoBoAsr ABe BarrMrro llprlerrAariynspHbreJlrnlItr. -^^IIaircre Toq&yEepeceqesa.E060, snaqaroT 1. Or roirxll I BnpaBo, B.,reBo or$na,qhrBaror trotrono_ Brlre IIInprBbr pyriasa, r.e. 12,5 cM. Bcs urprrEa py&aBa par_ rla okpyr{_socrr npoiM6r, MxHyc 2 cM, r.rcralsr ro.rx' 2 r B. vrraqr<x | ,qoToqltr 4 orRnaAHsarorr/d okpyxsocT, EpoiMbr r v rM,, qeM otrpeAeJr sror BbjcoTy okaTa plKaBa. ur Toqlru 4 40To{xn 5 oTt{rrarqbrBaror Jn,rsy p},RaBano cE,l(24 cM). r{cp3 ro,{ky 5 roE.MppKe npoBoArr trprMt/Io rcpl'3osTaIEEJ.K) nrrEr{ro _ rrkFrrro Er13apyrcaBa. I{s ro""" Z A ArTBsrro Bepr{kanBs LIe nr{Etdltro Depeceqean " "po"o_ c rrns[e, E]13a. o^I,mprrxaalof str3 p]xa!a. ra$ noxasarro 'l sa qepTexe, ylrlnEr{B da_z,r oarqEei 'racrn ,, ],noportrB Ea I cM cepe4uHy _cM-cpe4rrHy qacra pln{alBa . ToE(y reperBer 4 coAts,ror c ro,ftaMa 2 r 3. n-ooenb t. antr nocrpoeFns qepTc)rta EnaT6, cTpoqr ocnoB_ rGre --. qprJ{in crrlIrcl-r n EepeAa (prc. 246) py"aul r 1Zn";. I]. qepre}Ite nepeAa orRna.qbrBaror oT nr_rE&I1 ropnoBaE!,r (Toqrin St ) ro nrrErrlr cepeAsnEr Annnr'r no&err.r, 9 cM (puc. 2Ea). Ha aul ErrI{ IlpoiMbr otxna,qLrsalot Z cM. I{aMe.ress6re rorrris coeAnE Elor_raRpyrnesEo ii ,1,.rrrx ei xoI{erriM. flpoiiMy ynopaqrrsaror E a O.5 cM ,r s E r s epr r r B uo , ,q E rIo u " * ro l o c a c rn . BepxE si i cpea II nsErrro Irnsa aenrrT Ha rplr qacr& a flposoasf ,IrrErIII, coeafiIlgs gaMeqeltEHe TOqRr_t. rra qepTefie ctrnEritl oTl{nan6rBaroT oT Jlrrlttill lopJIoBrIIIbr , (roq&r S) Do nnHr[ cpen{ELr crxErctl 12 cM (pn c. 286),Ha rr]1Elln [potrMr,r orrina.q6rDaloT or nIIIrI-lI_rtrne.{a b cM r.r coetrrlraro.r

oAoxAa a^9 Aerei rce^bNoi rpynnbl

17

reiisarip}ar"lesusnoxeTftr{. lpoiMyynoIraMeqeHrr6reroqK{rrn paqrrBalor Ha 0!5.M. BLrqFpquBaror ocBoBF)'lonnHr{ro Hx)r(Hpii qacru ropnoBsELr x llokcrkH na 2 cM. BFpxnflfi cp ,r nrunrc Erea Aen{r Ha Ttr)Irqacr]r }1coeAsEsroT naMeire Pacrpofi rrol[rB IIpu pacripoe cepeArrEy liol:erl|]r trepeAa pactronararor BAonb nIIr$rII crr6a fiiasr (prc. 25B). Ans nonwIlrs c6opr(r{ orAereHsrle qacTracp$coBaHEoirBBurpoiikn pa3aE{raror (puc. 2 5r). pacno,rararor BAorrL cr$6a r:iaErl, CpeAEroro .racr6 Brlftpoilxr qac?fi ocrarbElre ABe - IIa paccronsnsx 3 cM ap)'r or apyra. yAnnEsror Ira 3 cM r BHqeprrrDaror 6oxolylo nnJlrsrrr Erca Er o paclnl,peE snnarL.s. B Eoxerrie crrEl|n yrrnrbrBaror npnrycnr na sacaex{Ky (pnc. 254). CpllcoBassyro lI}rrillroro qacrB ctrrsnr pa3pe3aror,

72

oaer(Aa a r Ma^brr]let

[ tron) reEE6retracTr pactro.rrararoTHa paccTosEnr 3 cM ap],r or Ap),.ra(pac. 25e). Hrs pacE p,rrror Ea 3 cM n trpoBoAsr 60_ RoBl4onr4strIo, Ha pncys&e 25r1rEonasaEa cplfcoBasEas a6inpotr pyftaBa(cu. pEc.24s). nocre pacxpos aneMeEToB rrJrarEs c rrprrycxarrrtr Ea EJB6r 3ar&6aror 6opr 6acTe)Illru B r(o&erxe cIIrEx{. CTaqlBaroT 60noBBrocpe36r. flepea E ctrrlEtay co6EparoTB ABatrnll Tpri pa3a, paEEoMepEo pactronara.EEaJrr nx T&aEtrtro rrr4p4te. IIptr co_

t t
I I I I
I

3 3

I I I

Pnc. 25. KoHcTpyrpoBaH(e n arbr (MoAeb 1): a - nepea;6 - cnrH(a; B - cepea,tHa Ko!rxri f _ c6opxa n^arhc; A- 8o(eTKa;e - HuxHrr qacTbcnxHKl|; x_ B6t-

861KonelKlt c fitr3oM rlnarl'a MorxEooaEoBpeMesEo lsla:tttr coeAttlteuux npll fipyxeao nrxr, xaftvy, o6oplry rlnn fllr Ea BtrrMaBl,re .racrefi c roxerxofi cneAyer o6pBaETb fllllr orpytcaBa lopnoBtrEy s Korterrtr opoiM oo"ant"""" ft py[[ItoM. ORar pyRasoBcJrernaEocat'IrBalor uItrpnK Epo*M, Barrnllas or roql|tr cepeaaEbl pyKaBa' llllttlDr -ltatl8r !b c IUIeqeBlrMrsBoM' SareM coe,uu' ii6oty, "o",q"EE rrrrarbtr Ea E''&EM ln{ac'(e trpotr"o"xy"t py*""u rlo" iili "o poBEo pacxnan6lBalor Ir Braqr'rBarorpylI, tllttrtllex rnaErr-Bo*I llt tl! a r,rE.Htr,Iistre cps6r pl|KaBoETa&8e orAeJrbrBator r'ro lor ttxxora, saxpellnsiol4nM C6OpKt,[n tr oT4enbrBa aeTan ' pe3T B snar!Er.E *yro"*y anc BrnrvBasns ilDby" n" """ Ars 6otee trpoxnaaEorotrepltoaaroAa ttDaaBa3EaqeBEhlx li, n3 6oneeDnorsElx rkaEeu. DpIjMeI{tlor 'EnrrElrEle Mlrtblx HBBtrnarrs noEmnBatorsa MaIEnEIre' ttLltt. EoxpoqpeMaH Mo enb 2.llratrr c xoporKriMrrpyrtaBaMlt C66pI{rI trolcpoi' cBo6oAEbrft [Meer n a44"rr"oe' tgfxrrvao"

f-p

'd s ^? n ol l 'w o
o)/

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74

OAe)r(Aa A^r Ma^btueri

aErp$a ropnoB[n6r earcpflneErr pynE(oM, Bacfe$iKa Ea cIIx. Ee r'3 aByx BosayrrrEbrx [e?en6. B Ba-Bl{cllMocrr,i or Ea3EaqeHr|s troA6nparorcoorBercrBylo. Elyro TrcaFE. Ans Atei B BospacTe oT g MecsqeB Io 2 neT na trollura ral.oro trJra?b.sEeo6xoanMo 1,1 M TraaEz ETEpAEOj 0,9 M uJI},tI M rnaEri lnrprEon I ,1b M. llnsMoAenrpoBa.Efs trrraTEsractronEsyroTqepTerr( ocEoBlr (cM. prc.246). J]sEIIro trneqayAnuE*or Ea ? cM (prc.26a). 86l.

Puc. 26. KoHcrpynpoEaHue n^aibe iMoae^b2): a- n e p e A 6 : - c nuHK aB i -n e p e A 6 e 3 p y r;s a i r_ oe3p yxa B a; a- py K aB

c n rH ka

aTei 9ce bHot apynnbl

75

rersf [oltoJraM rl coea rrgror tron]FreEsltlo rcqEaueqeEEoi EA 6OXoBot JTIiFIIIE Ea pacctosEtrE trpod 1I. HIitrcEEi cpe3 pyriaBa Ansr rrotrona

TorrKy coea{EsroT c foqKoi cepeatrEBrnnEnn B ocranEEofi qacrs qepeAEerocPe3a o6osEatraror ee c rotrxoi, pasaenslorqei ntr_ a coetrrirEsroT
. Ty JIie oqpeAEocrB Eocrpo'eEnrr pyRAsa t o6o3Ea_ nIIEsii qpIIMeESIOT trpz BlrtronEeEall PAOIntKlqIrx (ptc. 266). ,qntrEa pyxaBa parEa ? cD[' L carrra uarra osraBlnylocs qacrB cm{EnpoftM6r - 2 crd. Pltar 't | [poBoas naElllll or saMeqesE6rx Totrelt.

oraenetrs BlDipol&a p]'xa3a cpeasrop qacrb tre_ tacEonaralor IIps pqctrpoe BnonL cru6a r&asq, 6oKoBl'ro , ga paccrosxal, o6oaEa'reEsoi Ea PlIcyB&e 268. BepxynnrJEsxiT Ea ? cM. CpeAIrIoF qacT6 BErxpotl(f, ctrl{EBnonL crtl64 rEaI${, 6oxoBf,'Io qactL - sa paco6osEaqedEoM Ea plcirEKe 26r' Ha nllsriln cepaaEbr

anrEy 3acr)L&n,pasEyto 12 cM.


l[lripoirt

llpeAEefr n 3a{Eefi rlonoBtrEolr pyriaBa pa3pe3a-

o6o3saqessrM ntrIrlnsM, sro66r sacrlt Eepactrarscb' 3a-

EUCpOiKy pacsonararof sa TXaEI{ sa paccTotrEntx' palElrx x !a cepetrsse, 3 cM - B BAnEet qacTtr p]'LDla. qacTu coealrEalotl naEEet BepxEelo cpe3a E

nEEtrroEEsa(p!rc. 26a).
P.q!po* It troEEB

"IIps packpoe trnarst Aa!{rr EpIrIIycKtr Ea EBEr: .Eo nIfsrII{ ropnoBtrEhl- 1cM;
Ea 6 o EoB LI eE s br - 2c M ; t IIPoiMe - 1'5 cM; !o srrrcEellfy q)eay - 4 cu; !o cpeay pyxaBa - I,5 cl{i llo oftraTy pl.Itaaa -l cM; tro EurrGeMy cp3Y P$iaBa - t cM. Traasb cxra.lr,IBalor BABoe, AoneBas EIIrD Ea Bslxpo.ixe qepeaqsrp nepeaaIIcIIxHKIr. flepen trptrxtaa6rBax crn6y ttcasr seo6xoARMo y6eA&T6cs B Totrd'llro IIo

76

oAexAa A^' Malbrurei

crrrrErce trpoxoafir moB c sacTerRxofi BBepxy. Ilocne o6o3Eaqe. srs EoETypoB BEr&poiri[ aErEonEsroT BacTerxlry cIII:IaIin BMe. cTe c DosayEHErME qeT.rr.EMtr,clllrT6rMll n3 pyntitr(a, BoxoBbre cpe36r cTaqxBaFT, coearE.ss trepea s cnlEriy. mB6r pasyrro, }J(IrBarcT rrBraqrrBaroTpyxaBa, coeanEs.s lrx c npoliMoiso 060. srraqeEELrM tro BLrftpoir.e ToqIraM. Boftpyr BEpesa ropnoBfiIiEr aBaxNA6rco6rparoT T&aEb s paBEoMpEo pac[peaensroT ee Il3nr{EeK. flocne tror]4errts rrpaB[Jr6Eoro o6xlaTa EErpe3roproBaabr or.aEToaHBaroT troaxpoirroi aeTanbm ErrptlEoi 4 cM. Hrxnue cpesr,rpyrraaoB n E s [narEs Mo:r(Eoral(r(e ofiaH-

fhalbe c noApe3ol4oT npoit{bl


CIIepeAII rnarbs BhrEorEes troAp$, or eoroporo !a_,Iox.e, sEr M.srKIle c$na,q&Il t! o6pasoDaEf,r c6opltn.IIo cepoAnse c lEr(tr saro)IaeEa BcTpeqsafi clr aAr(a. PynaB - rarorll. BopoTEEn - &plTnonerrNa4lrE,

AM Aerefrsce^bHoi rpyalnbl

locTpoeEtrs sbr&poiKl,I aaEsoro trnaTLs sa ocEoBHyro


TIEPEAA iITATE.'I EAEOC.ST JIIIEII4 trONO'I'EEES IIOAPE-

IIo ntrEr r EpoiltrEr troAp3 Eaxoql{rc$ Ea norlo. [ono]IleE re [o4pesa ot nIrE]lII cepealEbl rIiEtcor

ollltaeJrserc'I III'lpsIIoi ropnoDI{Er,r' cKnaAft a tpoxoaur |tqa loApesa trapannetl'Eo cepeatrEtrepeaa. Kpaft noAtlo JrtlE n c&naAKs otryrqes BEns Ea 1-2 cM. EaEecsss6tM nfiEnsM pasp$arb Bbrripofrfty' Irar{ trolra-

27. !r PltaYEfts pu"xtto" nera,rtt tElftpoilttr trepeaa tro nrEr.lr pasp$a lDr ny*o]'o ray6rrgy cxranrtr rl sa c6op&y ocrdblrl'rr, "a l0-15 cu.
gape,{st6 ctrEE&lI lrps pacEpo ao6aBfiTl' Ea BcrpqsFo

8-10 cM. pnc}'E Iloepoea{e ahuipoixrl p}'IraBa ftnerE tronaBaEosa

or npoiMbl n arbe c noApe3oM XoHcrpl4posaHre

7a

OAexAaA^q Ma HuJei,

B 3
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P,rc. 28. nocTpoeH,re pyxaBal(^eul shtKpofiKr,t

IIomxr
An.E sagata savoaaTb cftriaAriy Ea cfsEae a c{ollafL sscTircxy. Ilocte otoro Ea 6or.oBErx AeTansx qepeAa sMorrc?lTb Ma!&l{e clrna,cis Eo Ea[paBreFrro K 6or(oBf,rD[ cpesafi. CpeABroro AeTa"ra cMeTaTb tr trp&TaqaTh ri 6oxoBErtd .[eTans nepena. SareM cMerarl r craqar; Ereqelue E 6oriolFe ErBEr. ,[anee o6pa6orar6 Boporll'lr{ II Err3 pyriaBoB, CoeAurr]rTb eTn Aerars cn[iboM. Hr{3 Enarbs troApoBE.f,rL I-l EoAEqrb. Ecr[ r&e os 06IIrI&()BaE srlr3argo6paaEot cTporrftod, To tr ero cletryea o6pa6orarr Ta&[M rl{e o6pa6oM.

Il^arbg

et{ee c oTpe3BhtMt 6oqKai, ,l x o6opoqxaMf

IlocrpoeE[o qepre*a qTo66I cAenarB Bbtrpoircy AasEoro EnarEs, gyrrcEo Bs.nrE ocroaryo *uxpoixy u Ea EeerraEcTuJrksrrlr dacoEa EnaTEs. ,[nn sroro no uneveao* itrEn& or trpofiMLr(ro,rrcaff) Enero orxra4Hraror 2 cna I craBsr rosky n,(pEc.2Oa). IIopeA. JlaEsro rpyAn (Il'r) Aersr sa rpn paaEEre qacrs. IUrpnEa trepeAaITz paBEa 1/! ErspxIIEr EeIreAa. Or ro.r&n 12 BBepxorxnaAdsaror 2-g cMn crarrr roqlty Is. To.nitr IIr r IIr coeAl{lrsror BorE].loft rrl'Etrei. Or.roqx I{BrrpaBo oTr{na,qErDaroT BerrFlttEy, paasylo ITr, trnloc 2 cM, rr cTaraT

lCqxy Hr. ToqKl'I Hr

fu

iiioioa"*r"
otlarrovxy '--d"""**

Efllor c roqkott r r' Hr. xoropyro coeal'l cD'rFnu {puc 296) Bbrlcpotnv Ea .n""t" Ol'iosa rlJlarr's' tro o6paBqyBLrKpoi&[ lllocsT -DepeAa ---pvxat. Hu o"aous!'- Bl'rRpoir&y pyria3a (plIc 248) Eanocsr (oroporo 14-15 cM or cearlrEa KopotEoro pyrcaBa, tr; T pa3ABllpa3peaalor pyka8a o*utugo "brKpottry "t", cu' itror n'r'so6oPoxsa8-10 '||ltt"t -Ea6-8 cM' Eoro*ro vacrr rrnrpoilllI pasaBsrardr'qts c6oprsr rnsl,Is' O6opxn Kpotrcs tro xocou Paclcpon roIIInB

or"".''r

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n lrlleBoftcropoHoiiss]"rpB CpeaHxe TRaEl,cnoxltrh BABoe rc cr[6y rrialllr' O6opKI{ lerans lepeAa rr cn rxfi noroxtttrb lDosrcs tro trocoEnsEl,n'

oaeMAaa^q rva,lbruJe

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Prc. 29. KoHcrpyupoBaHre n^arbq c orpe38brMll 6oxaMr: a -n e p eA j 6- c nuHK a ; B -p y K a s

Prc. 30, BnAor,3MeHeHHae Bbt(poiKan^arhe: a- n e p ea;6- c nuHK a; B - p y K a B

rpynnbl rllra^n M9 Aerei 9ce^bHol,l

a1

3acre)rc' I l0 r\oHrpy ctrnEr.n sBepxy BbIno,Irxr6 pa3pes Arrs snraa' ts|l lld(:xe aroro Bc o6oplir'I s ss3 pyliaBo! o6crporrlrrb r{nnlrl|koi crpoqftoil. Hlrs cpeaElrx aeranet tro'slnIrrb' linrrrM cTacars 6onoglre rrBgr, npxc6oplrB lrx BBepxy Cra,I T I I' I IJIOqEBLIE IIIBLI.

ttlttco6paEE6re o6opl(r rpuMerar! x BepxHI'IMfl E''xrIrM 6o1coBb1x Aeranen. locne roro' l|aR o6op$r rpltMera',Ii(l|M rrpun1|I fln.alllre s 6oRoBbIeaera-rl]Icraqar]. It sn3yp]'xaEoB pvliaBoB | | tn,,ru ri, peannxy, orcrynns or l|pas 2 ' 5-3 cM. IIItbI , r"u"",. iv""nu ur""urb B npoIlMLI. IopnoBnlv o6pa6orar! r!'il xnr roAEpoiiEon o6?aqlioit.

CaPa$aH
qepreni nepe,/trfl MoAenrpoBasrs tcnonb3v:or ocI1oBltoti pe6cEna' t|r n riuxrl|n nnarr,n (prc. 24) c vqeroM pasMePoB

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a4

OAgKAaA^' Ma^bluei Jl^arbe c noApesfloi ra^tgi

finalBe lprco6palJo [o Ftrr.srrM qaersM ro6nr, oTnD]rn6rfi xplT,Ed &,rpealopnoBmr n rq)oii|6r o6pa6o4aEl r,?},rltesoM. flo Elr3Jr rrnaTEsTalirlle [prillr rTo&pyrr.eBo. SacrsrroiaEarurermx.

IlocrpooEne qeprejEa [.na uocrpoeare arirpoftxu 6epyr ocroBsoiicpren Ena rLq (pnc. 24), ].Kopaq&sasBa ElrpnEylrpy'l<eBa, flepeA (prc. 32a). Or ropnoBnEAr tro trreqy orKnaAbrBa6l - cM, ocrarori trneqa 2 AeJrsrrrotroJraM,or cepeanHLr offtnanbr, aaror raepx 2 cx. BuvepirtrBaror trneqo Bal{pj'rnesEot OopMbt Ilr xpyrn6rE B[rpe3 ropnoBllsLr, oT 6oKoBoft r&Eran tro Jr&Errlr rar&Ir orl{ra,46rBabT BneBo2,5 cMr EaMseEllyroToqfty coeausrlor c trpofiMoi, IIo trpoBeAeEEofi nsBrr' BBup*or*nu,qhl"u. roT 2 cM n trpoBoAETnsr tlo [oApe3a AntrEoi 12 cM B JIsErrr,
TA'lI'I.

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t t i t E

32 KoHcTpyrpoBaHxe n^arbe c noApe3xoiTa^xei:

-nepeA;6-cnxHxs Ha BEurpoiky cnriEftII (pxc, 326) rrEtrro OacoEa


Tari )Rer KaIt n Ea Bt.tKpofil(y nepeAa. llo EaMeireEHErM BLIItpof,k y paspe3aror. pacKpoe E DnsIoIo qacT6 EraTBg !o 6orioBlrM "'rEBltsM Ea c6opcy no 6 cM.

cJror(trTE BnBoerro AoJreBoislffir JnqeBoii crpporloi Jr@rs cepeAu6r rrepAa r ctrEris Ep&norsfr6 It cnr6y

OAet<Aa a 9 Ma UUei
Txr.Er. CTasaTL 6orioBbre qpEr oT trpoih[Ao EoApsoBrl oT rro4)e. 3oB Ao Erl3a. IIu rrcEIIfi npai troApBoB EpncSopll'lx, tr craqaT6 c sepllo4)e3aMs tro riparM; m( cJreayef cssrt. Ea EeT. Ic rgl'rrG l.E Mtat BnFe, rDreqeDBr]!tr cpeaa.M r q)oftMaM c nsqeBoi cTopoEDrtrprrMgraT6 kPyrrieDo rr:.'rtr4roIIIay. IC tippReBy [pt4MeralE, a 3arM E trpllraqarb tcocylo &tnry. Ilocne qero ltoc}Io 6efiEy oTBepryrr, Ea risEaEoqE}'Io ciropoEy a o?srpoqlllg capa{ras oTAenoqsoi crpoq&oft no Ktraro. ICtl43y Erar'bs llpr@lry, rq)Eco6pqEEoe npyn{eBo, a saTeM rporoxcIlTB oTaqrroqrt'Io cTpoq&y. IlaEneqax [peAatrnarbg Epo_
MTATI> IISTJI', A EA CIIIIEXE EP'IIIIE'IB E!'IrOAI4FI.

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I{ocrroMbr c MarpoccftEMr BoporHriRa E sBnsrorcr o[rofi EB sal{6oJlee pacipoc?paEeEE8x tr nrc6flMrrx OopM oAer{cAlr ans MajlesEri[x,[eTaIIIeft ,

ait AeTei tceibHoi

lloorpoorre 6nysu taEoro I|ocr()Malt&ft4n 6ny5br. cfpourcs HaocEoleqepfx.a lit I Anx/reDorrxr BoporHhK
BoporEEIi ans arcrco Od|lqlrhrfi Marpoccrui rs rpex AeraneE: BoporEI':Ka, Bclaa&trB ropnoBlrEy r llttoll | lltyLr. llnrxAe scero sa qeprexie fiepeAa(prc. 33) seo6xoAEMoEa,ttsltto ropnoBtrHEr Ans BraqI-rBaEtr5IBoporsrfca. C aroi llllfl {f,ttto ttyxEo ornoxrrr, BEII3 o rot{H14A, orpe.ror ArIrEofi

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aa

OAeri^Aa A F Ma^btuleri

CoeAtrssD trpfiMofi ro.tltoi At r X, ronyqabr niErro ropnoBnnEr Ans Braql'aaEI{a aopoTnu$a. lny6rHy BLrp$a ropnoBr.rELr Ao Bepxa Bc?aB$n rar.xe HaAo oTMeTrrfTb, r.e. BElr3 oT Toqril,t A, tro cepaIIIIe [epeaa oTxna, ALIBaror 2 crr (ror*a X1): o rp e 3 o Ka, x , : 2 cM. 3a?eM or roq&n Xr BreBo troA rrpsMEr!4yrnoM fi nrrsErr ce pealrrEr rrepeaa npoBecf[ trpMyto Io [epeceqHns c rl{Er_reii BraqrBaII,r.E BoporErrr.iaB ropno3trEy,4rx. fion]rqesHyro roq, Kyo6o3llaqrlr6 Xi. ItoEr]'p BLrEpoii&n Bc,raBlrr trotr BoDorErr( o6o3Ea'{xrc.s rorr&aMr Xr, X, u X. Aane Ans trocTpoeBns BoporErrria cneayeT npr non|IlaL Ir qepre)<y repeAa 6ny3!r Bl>rrtpoiil|y cII'IEKI, rar{, qro6br coBMe crrrnscb rrnqeBbrecpesH, r. lroqia A.2coBrrana c roqxon 41. Bbrcora croinr. Toqftr A rr Ar coeAuEllrE trpsM oil n]',{:aei. B,reBo or roexH A non trp.BMArM k nnB,rtAAr otnoxrr s 1 cM. ]toEeq orpe3Ka o6o3Ea.rrrL 'TroM B. B6rcora crofirir.r DaBEa: o rp e 3 onA B - lc M . "IInEns Bra.rrsatrxs Boporsr$a. ToqKI' B & A1 coeAr4rrrrr! EpsMot rlIEret. B8epx or ro,rxnI!, IIo IIIIIII& ArB ornorir_rrb BenaqI'IIy, paBrryro paccTorE[ro Meniay TotrEaMn A L Ar. ItoHeq orpe3xa o6osEa-rtrrb 81. Orp e ro & A 1B r : A , A .

To-r&nAr Ir 81 coAnHrrrL rrnaBEoilxprrBot troAo6soi ,rruun A, A. SareMor ro,rns X sneBono ropx 3osrar'I ornoxr r! I cMn EocraBrTb roqky 86. Orpesox XB. : 1 cM. Toqftr86 r,& coeAEEnrb trp.Erroii nnEtrei.JInErsBr Ar_ _ 86 sBnsercs nlIrrrefi BTarrrBarrrsBoporE[ria. JItrEns cepeAhsLr Boporxxfta, FireBo or roqRr 81, I|oA ,pr:s!rM yrnoM r{ rrnlltr'r ArBl nposecr,r trpsMyto, na Roropoil or MeptrrE6 cM (EocroEIIFasBenrq[sa Ans np6o* aH6lanaoii an[Hbr BopoTE]rrca caaa[) r trocTasr,rT6 Toqriy Bri orpesonBrB, - 6 cM. Or rovxr 86 arepx noA npsM6llr[yrrroM r{ nl.sfi( BrB, or Meplrrb I cM(roqnaBJ: orpesox B, B3 : 1 cM. ToqHr Br r.rB! coenrrifirl' npf,],roi -r&Exeii, noropy]o trpo B,reBo AoIJrrrTE?aTeM sa ToqriyBa,II oTTorrxsBr oTro}ft[rEno

.lll Ixxnr arnsy BoporEIlLa caaAr{(B aaIrEoMcnyqae I { ll). KoHqoMorpesxa 6yAerroqlia B1. Ofp.oorcBrBa= 14 cM. l||ttus BrBr npe,qcrasaserco6ojirtrHnlo cepea[sLrBopol-

attt,
roporurra cca,qr. or roqlin B{ Bsqs Doa rIpeMElM lhpnra BrBn npoBecrn npsMyro! IratroropoE orno)Itrrr}, * ntrEr}I ltlal crllrlrxe, paBlrylo Elipt{Ire ctrnElr'' 6ny' BoporErrnaIIa ulplrxy reEsylo ro'Ixy o6oaEaqrr! Bd. O, ?5 cM, Ilonl {r oJtroc nx Bx x oriera Haao Iratrl'r o6ptcoBXu ornera. ,llxrr A,1n Do nrrqy. Bopollltllta fi[lly rullpl{Ebr l l kp n n a eopor anr . a p a s H aa n ,r} IeD rF q a rl ,1 b .1 cM(oanac BoporE na y trne'ra). I]o3roMv nIrHIrIo trneqa Ar]t ll0lofrky 1 cMBneBo; ronyqeEEylo roqKy o6oslia'rrrb B? ft |l|tLttrl,Ira B7 r86 o6pncoBarE n}IH'Ilo orneraBopornoroqxaM85, aaDt s3orsyron nrEren, ka cnerrca rrtdBEoi, m

tlYfto. ' (prc. 34) araercn Boporlil,Ka lracryr AngMarpoccxoro

tlaltrxo or IIero s npeacraBrser c06ofia3erpatreqlleBlraHlre Itroolq{, coeallsestrHesMecteDotrepeqEotnepeKnaa[Eon ,lauxa rancryxapanaaB4aEHovcryToc I .M: XXr:9 cM. OrPo3oK rlopoBlryorMepljrb mlrptlsy x: B[paBo II BneBo ro.rR[ Ot paBEyro 4,5 cr6. Ea 3la rancryria, 'Ieprex.e oHa o6o3saqsa nnepxv otrpeAerrsercs rarcryra Xi E X{. Illaprna !f{tt.['' 3 B cnvr{repaBHa Koropas trepeHna{Irshi. AaHBoM ||lx|totr 'M.

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a Bbrcora- 2 cu. IIo arr_rru paaruepavvrpojrr c, [epe&naA{Ir}' pacnono)fttn ee rrl.r xte Torr ----!_$ Hua_cepcnrrRhr BoporHn*u.o"r"qu"r"u ,Irroroancnrx AlofiHoro soporHuna "o ""rO.r r*r". np" BepxsRx r.rFr.r)r<sxji Bo orq"""oo, r,prr*", oepBUnaFracrc, "" IIo BceMy kollrypyEa 2 MM 6onllne.

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ffi1';.,.i;"**ra

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troJrEBIx oKpyrrcEocTei 6eAep, nabc 2 cw sa cgo6oAEoe o6nera. EI{e Ea Xa)ftA].ro ol.pyrkEocrL 6AeD. B --^"t "aasEoM crysae Ans] ]06r('r Eorpe6yercs:

(58 f2rx3t80cM. I I Ilepea paaMerxoft cxna{oft lonorEtrr qe rxarz aoma6aer'] ca [o EEByrr noamrrBaercs.
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rEtrptrEa . ,,_Tlllli :""**" roorcJi B TaII-III I\'eELme, seM Eo 6e{paM, IIII{ptirEa cxJraAorc IIo rrrg rr ren111n coorBercrBexFo yMerbruaerctr. rr."; A"" Eo sEarE IIonEBIfi o6xBaT Tanae, rcoTop6rirpareE 52 cM. ";-

IIo rtrErtr r6ntrx. Ilocxorrl(y

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OAexAa Mt raa b|ue

Prc.37. KoHcrpyxposaHre soporHr,{G x n^arhp Aeranel parEaEIlpBBe troroqlrl, rrrrroc o-o_cM Ana c6oprir, Drroc6 cM nonv3ax "_^T:li:r.:"*o"". Ioca s IIJIIoCErqPqBa uo4oopTa
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oo udreu ool{rilEur; rueqe8lle u 6otaoa6l6" "o**. E!tr. _ Bf,IqonEBTL BoporEs* u orcrpoqrrr, or*eaovsod recruoi;;-**;;;; Klra.s 1,5-2 cjv, O6pa6orarB npoiMAr RocoE 6ixol l;oro xe

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3Sepx mRransrBaror 6-8 cii (arjr raosLrpuu) u craA EtrpaBo rt or roqRlt A1 BreBo otKra.q6lBaro,f Iro

roqru or a or.
locl AaBpx oTEna,qErBaFr S cM r ltotl^rsrot loq(y o ofxJraALrBarol 2 ci{ - Tosno Ar. ToqnB A16 n

A$ BBopxorRna*ErBaror 5 cM r claBsr roq$y Arr; 2 cn mvxaA8. - ItoT. Ar? E Ato coeAuE

oAexoa A^9M

Prc. 39. KoficrpyxpoBaHxe 6iy3xx: a- nepeA; 6- cnrHxa Cs@aa. JIEEETo s.(eqa cEssnB (pnc. g96) trpoAon r.abr rgql.r II Ea 7 cx. IIs 6oKoro* JrnEB;orkna,q$raror 2, S c!a, 6oftoBot_rrBE tr BoccraEasnBBapr trpDssaanynsp A,rEEoI .rrr cM. Jrf,Esro pynaaa pacEapfi.'r a yAneErbr Ea 1 cM. no. nl reErlrlo m!r&y coeArE ror c rolllaoi d. n^gxHbte ujogrbl IlocrpoFle _-_ {T o*"""u rreprr'ra aeprsr..arcno.rrLsoBag!,r cJreAlrbqr ep-

Pocr - 96. O6xBarmrsn - 52 (26). O6xrar 6eAep - b8 (29), IlocrpoeErae EarsBaro! c lpoBeAe&s tEn (puc. 40)

BeIrttInBEoE nll-

APTefitce^bHoi ryYnnbl

0r.

1-2 - 21 ctu. 1-3 - r/, tronyo6xBara 6Aep (14,5 cM), Enroc 8-4: r/b Meprti Bonyo6xBar66eAep(5,8),IInrcc

t o*.

ol..

4-5 * 1/roMepKntronyo6xaara6eAep - 2,9 cn. ri 3-6 - r/1oMepr.(II fonyo6xaara 6eAep(8,? c ), - 9,2 ct6. L/.rtrepraE 1-7 Eoryo6xBard rarar, trJlroc
ao trepec-

EepEeEAtrIiynsp foqrgtr 6 BoccraEalrlrBalor o tpxEei nIIEEef B roqrie 8. (orp$rca 4*7) : 5,5 cu. tacox 4-9:1/r

9-10:0,5 cM. 10 Ir 5 coeAnEsroaII crposr Etr:riErfi trpsi{oyrorBcgrrca EropT, 13-14 : 1,5 cM. 2-2a : 0,5 crf..

LOz

OAexAaA q Ma^t,|uer:i

Toqxr 12 r 6, 14 r 5 coeArE.sror r crposr rr.rjr(:s1oro rrEa!)


IIIopT.

rlprern 3a{sed sonoBrrr*t Eropr crposr rra ocsoBe qepre ,ria trepeAHen tronoBnuftr. o? rorrl{r 4 or&naabrBabr !/1 Mep Kr{ nonyo6xEara 6enep, MnHyc 1 cM, r.e. 6,5 cM (roqxa 1b). Hs r/7 MepKn tronyo6xBa ntrEru rairrrrr orroqKH I orrcna,qLrBaror raratrry(3,7 cM), trnroc 1 - 4,7 cM(roqHa 16). Toqxn 4 u 16 coeArll.firor. OT To.rlilr 16 yAn]{EsroT BcnoMoraTnbEyb nrr:tfirc cepalrHbr saarreE lonoBrrE&ft n oTr{nan6rBa:or t/zo ruepxt no_ nyoox8ara 6eaep, r.e. 1,4 cM (roqKa 17). Ans o6o3Ha.{eEr.r, JIUBntrTanUI oa ToqIiIl rrpoBoasT ropn3oErar6Hylo rctroMoraTenbEylonrBnro, OT Toqx{ 17 oT&raAbrDaroTr/, tronyo6xrarq rarr& (13 cM), trrroc 4 cM - 17 cM. JLrEl'ro Ta"1rM trpoBoA.sr ral{, qto6r1 IroserrEa$ roqKa (orDe3na, pa-BEorol7 cM)6l>lnaEa ropn3otsranr,Eof,nr""nr. nporoa.r. EoA or rorrftu 8, r.e. orp$on 17-18 - r/, Meprct nonyo6xEara ranru, nnloc 4 cM: 17 cM. Or m.nrl' 6 yAraEEor nr.rHr.ilo 6eAep Ea 1,5 cM (roq'<a l9t. ToqBn l9 r I I coeAusrror. Orm,rxr{ l4 otrinaAErBaror Ea IlpoAonr{eHru nlrErn 2 cM (roqria 20). Toq&,l 15 n 20 coeArssror, EpoAonn(a.{ nErfllo Ea 1 cM (ro.rRa 21). Orp e 3 ox 2- 2a = 1c M . IInaBHoinuEr-refi coeArlrsrorroqnr 21, 2 a r 11. Or roqx,l 21 or&naAbrBaror ansEy orpaRa 14-5 c qepre]fta EepeAHefi tronoB&sKrr (roqRa 22). Or roq*r 10 trpoBoAsr scnoMorarenh syro rrE]Iro n roqr{y trepeceqeF r.s c nrurftefi eaAEero cpe3a 060ssaqarc'r roqxo* 10., Jltrsnro saAnero cpeea ooopMnsroMo cJ1eA).roqrM roqftaM: 10. Ir 22. PacRporfr x no|lrB 6ny3&n r oproB

CTaqarE Il"reqesbremB6t IIq6nys&e. Ha repAEr{x Aera,lsx BlltronHarL k&pMaELr. fopnoB4Ey o6pa6orafb Doarcpoisoii o6raqr<oi. Craqar! 60xoBLre EBH. Hr neBoi ronosj4BXe trepcaa caenarb nernE, a r{a npaBot trprfmlITb tryroutqBr. Hs3 pyftaBoB r Ilr.rs ftoibror{Eu IIoADrrrL. B EopflI&ax cHa.rara cra.rar! 6oKoBbre m3br, a BareM rrraroabre mBr,r. flocne urBr,r pasyTtox{Illb r-rrn salrro)rill.r B cropoEy BaAnEx nonoBxsol(, SareM coAr{E[TB 3aAE}I ,r rcpeAlr]Ie cpe_ a$, Bpx Eo,qrepEj.r6 r Bcra.BxTbp3trrrlty, a& uoproB Eo,qlrnTL.

lEAtrua a^9aerei rce^bHoirpynnbr ll/\txxbt, KoMn^exr A^t AeBo{(x KoQTo9Ka

1o3

Icooro'rxa B sroM noMtrreKre orreEr yAo6Ea.OEa trMeer


BErpeSaHEEIe lIpOtrNIBr, COeAllEeEABt ga failnll SA!S. fipofiMbr, sl'e tr riapMaEqrx o6pa6oraEEr o6optroi.

BAepxyrr Dsnsy rrpacoopaEhr na pe3rrEr{y, Ilocrpoerxe ueprexca

Ans pac&pos KoOToqR,l 6epyr qeprer{ ocEoBEoi B6r&pofrItrOa(prc. 4). IIepeA (pnc. 41a). nleso ylcopa'rEBaror Ea 2 cM. fipo{lllry
trJrairlotr nnE e* Ea Jrllsslo la.rlln. I{rI3 notbroqRa

. ftax tror(a3axo Ea qeDTerr(e,


Caf,Eaa (ptrc. 416). flneqo rariEce yftopatrnBaror Ea 2 cM. ctrutEKtt, I(ax rrtroJroq&t, oEycraalor EraBlloft rIlIII'ei

104

oaer(AaA^t Ma^btuefi

KoOrovK,: Prc, 41, KoHclpy,,poBaH,le a -n e p eA ; 6- c nl, ||] l1a sa ,nsnlo Tanns. Hna ooopMnfiror Eo ,{epTexy. l-opnosusy yrny6tflor Eait-4 cM.

Tpycl.tKn c o6opo,lKaMrl
DoEotrie InBLr rpycnrioB nepeBeArrlr Ea IIepeA, CtrepeA[ o,r ssoB { caa,qrEa Tpyc&xax EacTpotreEbr Tpr, o6op&e, Bepx I' Exa,rpycrxoBrIpxfo6paE!.lsa peanEKy. Tpycr{xrr uo Eury ooopRofr. o6pa6orsEEl [ocrpoExe rpyc&xoB (pa3i{eF 26) Iteo6xoX$MaqMepRa:fionyokpy)*rEocrL 6eAep _ 28.

Ilepcd tx. oaoaa ra ArdBano6ory. Orroqtls TrExs (prc. 42) rpoBoA.sr Bepr/, Donyolrpyl{rEocTn psBEyK) TnsarrbByDnxExro, 6Aep. nnKrc c r ar qr r os Ky H. (1 6 cM ) , 2c

oaexAa Ms Aerei tce^bHoi rPynnbl


,4asELte Ars nocrpoeE|is ocEoBEofi Bbrftponlt{ ans AeTfi sceEEoro Boapacaa Bs]rrs'E
24-N

105
TPycxIioE

(t cu) a,t' PasMePoB

26-ro 28-ro 30-ro 32-rc

[epeasrr nonortnxa

TH TT' T1trI
IIIgpEna IIIIUI 1 4 ,5

!7

l8

19

1 6 ,5 1 7 ,6 18,5

24
4 ,5

26
5

27

2a

OO'
1 ,5

2,5 1
1

2,5

2,5
1 ,6

2,5
I

T'T"

IIIT
UI'plrsa An{sa !o 6ory

24 14,5 15

25

26

27

2A

T'T.

1 6 ,5 !7 ,6

Titr, O,o'
T,T,
TnTz

17
1 ,5

1a
2 2

19 2 2

2 2

2 2

2 2

IIII.p|{Ea rpycEloB. OT Toqlr T BtrpaBo [poBoAsr roptrBoE t/, ronyo(py$'HocfE 6eAep' iranbE!.Io nI'HfiIo, xoropas paBEa (15,5 roqlryTr. x erarsr c!.), EJIroo1.5 c T1 BE'IB lrpoBoAsr Annxa nepaEefi [onoBl|Elct!. OT Tosrcr TH' trNIoC 9 CM MEPTCU ftOTOPA'I PABEA BEPTITIIATEE:'IO 'flEtrIo, (25 cM), n craBsr III. roqnY sa no rEstr [Iars' OT Tor{l(Ir ]II BreBo orr(naALlBa_ llllp ror 4,5 cM 1r craDsr ro'rlty 1II1.

106
t1

Oaexaa Mt Ma bujei

t
Ul

T. 42- IPYcrKu P1^c.

1
T?

DptMoit n Aenflr Jlassn sraa. To'rxr H n IlJ, coeAaEnrcr or *oropon DoA O' ro'rkoi 0603saqarcr troDoraM, cepc4lrEy craBsr ro'{r<v o' ' cM 2'5 ;;;;;;;;*;";,..rnnaar'rBaror ' TpycDnoa ' coO6opt,"tlot n"ttto *taa flepeAEefr DonoBBEH '1 Hror IlIr' cneAvloqve roqxrl '.;',""tefi orl(ta"""tt T sflpaao "r'"Jr" roqxfi Or rrrBa 6oxoBoro Jlrsug rarun r &oropyro coea[Esror c ro'IaErBaror 1 ,5 cM II craBsr roqr{y Tr, 1 cMn crassr lor{xy orKnaAfiBalor T, sapx ron H, Or rovliln T3. To.rRx TB t{ T, coeAl{Eslor' 3a0&t *notLoau La III BErs orRra'qr'rBa.IInnEa saAEei nonoBnxrcll Or rowi'I (25 n craBur roqxy Ta' cM), I T! pt""vt"l"Briv rot [""t"*y, c Or rocritr Ta BneBo ctrliira'qblBa_ IlIIIDIrxa saAEeii IlonoBrsl

ro.

npoBoatr BeprItkaJIE "-"#au, .nnDtra no 6oxy. oT Toqxx Td BBepx o" " t v r o " rp e s Kv T H

T5' o*"rto orprcv TTI (15,5 cM)'rl cralsr roqliy


(1 6 c M) n c ra B t r ro' IH v H r'

"u ti l "t"to,

Oaexaa Mt aerei 9ce^bHoirpynnu

ao1

Bs. ToqKnH 4IIIr coeAltEslor Eps oi,Aensree Jks|IsE trolroJraM tr crasar loql.y 02. or reo aars noa nptMLrll ]/rlrox JrlrEnro orKtaaErBar.rr 1,5 cM s cTas.ar TotrEy or' olpoplttraror tt IUl' H1'O3 loqrtlr nI{sIIei Etrsa. coeAsEgs DolEyroi JIf,Erls EEaa f, 6oftoBoro fiEs. Or roqtrt T5 BrIpaBo orKJra' Ar,rsalc'r 1,5 cMtrcTasstTorrxyT.'EoTopytocoeAaEspTcroqrotr_ rioi Hr, OT Tosns TI BEt!3 orBnaAhrBaror 2 cll E craBsr lor. Ti coeanE T". TostcE T6 E xv ornnaALlOT cpe.qzELl trepeAa (pnc. 434) tro nEEf,Ir ra'Irl Ha_ llouorai'' nepeaa Ezsa aengf A JrSSqro ! ialoT BteDO ? CM,

npen uqeEs6re roqfttl coeaaEsror. IIo Ba eseEsoE JItrEns x 6!' rplficnaIhlBalor trpeaa 6oqoK paspdaFT tr oTpesaEs6rfi 4 cM orcryEaB rpycuxoB' noJroBsBrlt roaot n rua uaAx"i p{c' 436' sa llorra3aE ga lpycEroB Pacxpoi c6opry). (rpn6asria

6ox3aAHi

6oKnsP6aen

f\,#u"" l \- l
I

EI

crrolflaHv

Rrc. 43. Pac(PotrPYctKoB paaa O6opn[ B6rp$dtor EspEEofr 5 cit x atnaoi B sonropa 6orbFe tEEas trPnltruBatl'lt, PacxPof, r noEiB t.or tnenta TtraEb ctonitrT6 saDo. BbrripoiBq trpeaa rI ctrBEtiz Irpn' tro tsJraa6lBalorr cr[6y rnaEtr, a o6opoqxq It PynErctr ftposr
trneseBbre 1trsEr [el]eaa II c tEftE' O6opriE 06Coerissrb qx & EE3y llepe_ tlgrcoBal6 .sSr3arOM , trOCIe sero [p,MeraTb ' cp_ ,!d rr csBErrtr, aran ie I. rpoiMaM. lopnoBllEy 146oxoBhre yAnEBtrE pynErc'r groM 6oKax ra pyau eoM' trptr orr o6pa6otarr Ea 20 cM (At.f, 3aDffol{)'

104

OaexaaatMa u u e il

flo cepeazre nepeAa npfitrrrrl xapxaEq[&' orAenasxEri o6op$ofi Ir pyJIlI(oM. II's rote qro5Ersa'ra16 ItrErb Tlrycltfttr' cneayer llpfigroBErb o6oDntr. lk, xar! t ans rao{broEru, Ey'IcBoo6nFxosarb 'sEDBa' roMlt , a sepxsrt cpeBEpu co6pa6. OI{f,]EB or EpxErocpe3a rpycE(oB sa 5-G cit, EacT'poqtirbtrspByroo6opEy' a sareM II cortrBEr'Bepx rpy_ ra-""srr.. CsrtIturoa tt orctpatlqBalor trepoAEtre c{tioB orBeptytE Ira trBsaFoqtyto eropoty Ea 0,5 cM, a sarsM Ea 1-1, 5 cM (&ns pesmctr). Hrc Tpyct{t'oB 06 rloBarb tr trp'!' cr?oqtrTE',KyntIcxy, orcrystrB or xI)as 1i5-2,0 cM' B Ry]ECtCy sarteEfrE r'pyJrNeBoM' pegnEtcy o6opfta o,rcEo Eyrriso qpoAeTE

ll,rrxiul

roM6nxgaox

}Ior trnr$rcEErfi rcoM6nBeaosoqeEs yao6eE' Ilepea sacrerqBaeTcs lra EyroBEqLr tnz Ea Eep]IcaBeroql{e r'EoEKI' HE3 caAI{ o6pa6orascEpe4nMaS){tTOfi' ETannEeK DpBCO6pas Ar Eptrco6pas Ea PesIlEriY.

OAerqa a e Aerei ice^bHoi rpynnbl


Iloc1l)oeEf,o qeprexa

109

trepeAns MoAntrpoBasrrs trclloJlBstrlor oclroBEoir{epretc ,qa I{ ctrtrEnu 6nFr.tr, a Talince qepTelr.tr nepeAsen tr 3daEefi tronoBnsox IIns)*EErx EroproB (pnc. 44). ocEoBEoto qpreJ*Na trepeAa trpl{IIepeA. K [sEllx rarrl{ qepre]Ica flepeaa 6rrysrin (pl]tc. 444). riJraaLrBarcT rrlrErllo Tanrr[ nnr o6oaEa'reErrs aacre}rtxll Ea BclroMorarerbEoi nttr|rrn or Toqxtr l4oroqHu 2 orKnaAhrBaloT '/! MepKIt nnsELI uepelEefi troJroB[Eri[ Itropr. ,4nrlsa trepease* IlonoBxExrr orroqKx I ao roq&143 paBsa 16,5 cM. Orpe3on 1-2:1/5 (orp$ris1-3) - 3,3 c:s. Or roqKr 2 IIor rocrctr 3 orxnaAr,IBalor IIo 2 eM, o6o3Eaqas mtrptrsy Bacror{&[. Jlr-rEr,rlo ropnoBnrGr yaJ1lrEsl{,T Ta&xe Ea yAnl,lrss 602 cM. nepeAsroro tronoBnErcy mopr pacEtrp{tor, roprr3oETatl>Eoi noB].ro nrrElrlo 6ny3ntr tro trpsMo* nI4ErItr ao rrrEar Err3a. oT roqrcn Eepceqelll.s I{ orxnaAblBalor 1 cM.

. ./ i

nMxHoro KoM6qHe3oHa: Pxc. 44. KoHcrpyr4poaaHre a -n e p ea; 6- c nus x a

110

OAexAaA^9 Ma uulei

fipoBoAsr pacEapeEsyro 6okoB].ro nrrErrro, trpoAoJr)xa.rr ee BareM Ea 2 cM. IIIaroBof cpea Eopr pacmtrpsror Ea 1 cld u yAnrrssror sa 2 cM. JIIlIrIIro E r{sero cpesa Eopr crposr B cooTBeTqepTerr(a. cTBI:Ig CnEsneE cp3aIIIopTocEoBEoIo pac]'Er.y. I(apuaa crpoar ro JIr.Br.lo rneqa yxopaqnBaror c o6etrx cropoE tro 2,5 cM, trpoBoAsr ntrEtrIo trpoftM6r, yrny6neasltro Ea 1,5 cM. JItrEaro ropnosaE6r lrny6nsror Ea 6-7 cM. OibopMn{ror nIIEsm ropnoBrE6t. CIImra. IC,rlsEr ra.mE s,ryi lo,toBraIIKIImollr npz x"rraA6rDanornrE ro Tajuar cnEft 6ny3fttr (cepAEEa cEs}Irin 6ny3ritr B cJrerKaBaKromoM sarq)aDJreEria), IIo cropoEe6oxa Jftnar+rBardr 6nyBr.iypactrIEpFoa sa 1cM or roEis rI (prc. 446). Or Tocrlr H orftnatFllaror l cM rr [poBo.4sr 60&08],10 rrslxo, npoAon]Kasee Ba 2 cM. Or rIIBrdi fiaroBoro cpa orrorarqElap,r 1,5 cMtr trposoEaloBoro cpsa, yAnrEM!.ro xa 2 cu. flapa,rAfr EoByroJr$EEIo
ne.JrLEo JmEMI E ITKBeTO Cpe.|a OCEOBEI.IX rnopT IpOBOA.ET ntrEl]tlo

EqlKsem qpe3a rEoptr Aarson rlIoAertr,t..q,'I.strocr?oesarr trJreqa]ftopaqraardr rar$rce, &arc!t ne!'A, [o 2,5 cM c o6erx cTopoE E [poBoAtr nsMlo [pon!cr, ]Tny6neEFJrro Ea 1 ,5 cM. IopnoBurry ]'nrr6nfloT Ea I eM rr ooopMnEor ropnosEsy. PacEpofi |I IIorrIsB CoqeraE[e trecTpoft Tkasrl c oAEoToEEofi BcerAa xopomo BrIrnsA.E?. IIepeA E ctrIIEfta(B c6opKy Ao nriE,m &o&rnE) coeAEBeELTEaETaMU, KOTOpBtMr OTAenaEbI IIpO{M6I.

nAAbTO aEMIICE3OHHOE C PYKABAMI,I IO,IMOHO


IlocrpoeEne .repre*a rioEcrpyr(q{lr Anrnwrjrero troEEMaElrstrepre)i{apyxa-BoB rrepeaa a c rEKr-rnen6To paspa6olaEbr oTAnbrio. An.f nocTpoeErrsr{epre)xa66Inr trcnor}obBaELr cneAyroqre MpI{II,cM: O6xBarurer - 25 (12,5). O6xBarrpyAn - 50 (25).

OAexAaMt aereil tce^bHorirpynnbl

111

- 21. AnrEactrrElir 22,5. nepeAa AnrHa ]Ilrpr.rEa cnLIHRr - 23 (11,5). Eepeaa - 24 (12). IIsp'sa Anr(Ea p!'riaBa - 24. IIInptrEa pyxa3a BE rsy - 22. llnnHa ranEro - 34. ClrEra. r{pre'Ir cllsst(Ii HaqEAaror or BeprllrnbEoft rn EtrE (ptt c. 45a). Or roq&s 1 orl{na,qBtBaro4 Anirsy tranbro 34 cM (roqlla 2), Orpaorc 1-3 - ArltEa cmEKs Ao.trliE n ta"lttr, passs-E 21 cM. Orpe3oli 1-B Aensr trotrorarI lr craisr roq(y 4. or rorrxll 4 or qepe3 fionyqeEHbre rolE{Ir rpo&na,qbrBaor BErs 2 c:tr (I{)qra 5). Boas1| rroprr3oErajrrEEre "ErtIIn. or roqlil. 5 orxrra,q6laarcT Mepriy flonoB]rElr turq)rGr,r clllrlrftr, nnrcc 1 cM, r.. 12,5 cM ("o'rRa 6). Pacqer mnplrtIr'r IIpofi 6l crlrFlrr. t/, Meprffi o6sara rpyAlr l/s Mpriri o6x3a' orp$Ka 2 5 + 6 : 31 cM. Illnpnsa rpoiiM$ paBEa = (orpesoK6-7). ra rpyarr, rnrcco,5 cM, r.e.31/s + 0,5 4,3 To.{xlr cerrclr cIIrrHl{It coeA}IEslor. or Toqlot 2;a fi rtll ELsa or}irra.4rlBaro{ 1 cM r'I coealrllflor ro.rrlFreEHyro lerrRy (2a) c rotrRo n 1 . Orpeao& 1 8 : '/ BMeprit rlonyo6xBara rrell, trnloc 1,5 cM, T .e . 5 .6 cM : o rp e 3 of t 8- 9- 2c M . Toqlir 9 u 1 coeAnEsror I{ rlojrJ raror nsslrto ropnoBlrEr,I ctrtrEKri. or ro.rl|r'I 10 orr.naal'rsabr Bsfi3 0,5 cM (ro'nra 11). Toqliy I coeAr.Issrorc ro.i&o* 11 r npoAorx{apr nIIIrtrIo IIa 1cM (rocKa 12). Or rorl(s 12 yAnnsrcr nrsnlo IIJleqr tr oirftra'qLlBaroaEa Eei Arr.rEy pyKaBa, M{Hyc 1cM, r.e. 23 cM(roqKa 13). Or roq&r 13 trpoBoAsr nepres,qlIl(yn sp K rr'rsrlr EI{3a p}'rcaBa n ornnaALrBaro{ or aroii roqKn '/, Mepr'ig Elrprflrlr pvKara Brlrr3v' paBEoi 11 cM. Crassr to'{Ey 14. or roqHs 7 orftrraAbrBa}orEa 6oRoBofi nlrH ,r Mepklr roroBxHgJ o6xBara rpynE. pa3son (ro.{&a 15). Toqxr 14 n 15 coeAlrEsror Ir rorrvqator n*I2,5 cM Errc 60&0B010cpe3a pyKaBa Or ro'rftr 15 Ito 6oxoBoMy cpeoy orxna,aLrBa:or B o6e cropotrEr tro 2,5 cM (ro'rxfi 16 n 17). SareM EpoBoAsr rIEI'ro 6olioBoro cpe3a, coeAIIEss mqfttr 16 n 1?. Or ro.{in 13 yAruEsror rrltEvro p$aBa BBepx Ea 2 cM (roq_ l(a 18), Iioropt'ro coeArlrslor c ro'rxoii 12. Or ro'rftr 14 3anfi,tror rlIHIIro p}'rrqra sa 0,5 cM (rocEa 19). ToqI|II 19 E 16 coeA]Itslor.

7t2

OAexaaa^r Malbtuei

nl-Isrirr Ilepa. r{eprex repeaa rraqqsalor c Beprtrr{atbEot (pqc. 456). or ro.rK'r I orrdaAElBalor attEy repeaa, paBH,'1o 22,5 cM (ro-rfta 2). Or roq&r 1 orKnaAHBarr BBepx AnrlEyorp$rca 3-5 (Ea qepre*ce clla'Iftr), paBsyro 8,5eM (roqlca 3). OrpesoK 1-4 - orp3&y 2-g (c .reprr{a cnsEitr), r.e, 13 cM. OT To.rfis 3 orrcnaAErBaror IlrrrptrEy flepeAa, trnroc 1 cM ' T.. 13 cM(ro.lrta 5). Pacqer rulrp[Ef,r IIpofrMLr trepeAa. t/, ldep&tr o6xBara rpy' at ro rp e 3 ri a25+ 6- 31c M . lllrpsEa npofiMLr paBEa t/s MepKlr o6xBara rpyAs trnloc 0, 5 cM, r.e. 3r ls + 0, 5: 4, 3 c M (o rp e s o r.5 -6 ) To-r&[ cerl{tr EepeAa coeArrEsror. OT Tor{lcE 1 npoaontiapr nr{Errro ranan Ea 0,5 cM (ro.rRa 1a). Or roq&r 1a qepes roqxy 3 [poBoAsr nIIEtrro BEepx Il aEr$ ao nepeceqeEtrs c ropllsoEra!'r,EbrMr' m{susMl,l (roqlE 8 E 7). Or roqr(E 8 orxna{LrBalor 1/3 MepnB tronoBlELr o6xBara tlles, trnloc 1,5 cM, T'e. 5,6 cM (ro'rxa 9). tny6IrEy lopnoBzEEr orrita,qErBapr or toqlclr 8 9To l/! Mepri[ o6xBara Itres, trnroc 1,5 cMr T.e. 5,6 cM (To'rEa 10).Tefispb BLlqep-rnBalor]raIIaIo BhlpeearopjroalrEEr. Or rosriq 11 or&naAblBaror 1,5 cM (rocria 12). TocKr I s coeAnlrslor tt EeMEoro trpo'[orxaror nl'Emo. AnEBa mreqs 12 trepeaa paBEa anllse llreqa ctrIrslll{r MtrEyc 0,5 cM, r.e. 90,5 : 8,5 cM (roq&a 13). Or ro.n r 13 rpoAontraror nnsElo rrrreqa, Ea r{oropoi orKnaasrBalor antrBy pyKaBa, Masyc 1cM, r.e 23 cM (orp$oK 13-14). IC ntrEsn pyxaBa Boccranasn[Earor trep[ea4rrr{ynsp, na xoTopoM or roqris 14 oTr.naabrBaror 1/lo MePrirr o6xBaTa rpyan, r.e. 2,5 cM (roqxa 15). Or rocHt 15 or&na{LlBalor norroBnHy IIIxpsEbr pyliaBa BsrB, MttEyc 1 cM, r'e. 10 cM (ro'rEa 16). Or roql{}I 6 oT&nMErBaror HaooxoBoi nrlI]LIl 1/ro MepKn flonoEl{ E6r o6xBara rpyAr!, r.e. 2,5 cM ("o.rlra 17). TotIKn lT tr 16 coeauEslor nr.rHllro6oftoBoro cp34 pyriala. or rotrftr 17 tro 60_ tro 2,5 cM (ro-rxr 18 tr 19). Toqlin xoBoMy cpe3y cropoE6r 18 rr 19 coelussror. OT Toir&u 18 orKnaAErBaror anlrsyorpe3&a 16-19 (c.repre)*a cssHritr) (roqr.a 20). 3ro BbrpaBELBaEre afinEl,r pyKsBa [epeAa tro aJIIrse pyriaBa cllnllxtr. oT foq& 20 pac! rprror aoronEllrerrEEo pyr{aB Ea 0,5 cM (roql{a 21). Or nnafill cepean s br trepera orx,'r an[rBalor rlo 2 cM Ba npe_ aycMoTpeEEyb sacTerKriy, yAJIInssa Bt'Ip$ ropIoBIiEEI oT Torr_

Oae)|(Aa Mi aerei rce^bHoi rpynnbl

113

N
{

Nr<
o-'

:
I

I
\

Tf gg
-\
6@

5id )*

aL4

OAerKAa A^c Ma^hlulei

?' I]ocJreDocrpoeEat rrsItE xs 10 Il nDn]'B lt[3a or rotlxs sa I cM sEs3 n rpoBoasr 'n;:";;;;;'"0*" ""' "arr'Enror Erl)l{BerocpeSa' s'|Io n'n' '"-B;;;;;;".o, I (p'c' 458) I'a roptr3osra'Lsoi nn'oc rue{' "",.s MpKv lro'oB'E.' o6xBara BeprnKa^'' ""r";il;;;;...' ;.13-;(""xu zj' o' 'o""u z "pouotrnr ;]il;.; (ro'I*a 2a)' sareM c'aqa'a 3 cM ;;;;;;-; trprtMoyronbgtrr( ';'^-Baror o cM (rosxa 3) crPoflr il"""t" -o. cM (roqria 5) ^rjz"-ila. ".o.tt"rtt t""+" + or*raAbrBaror BBepx2'5 It or roqlc'r cepeax'sl mlrnnoLl;";""-.; i -s ;"n"t "'tronao.r n,'Inltto cpe3at sapv'r(Bvto d'"" ;;#; "'qpqf,Balor ";.
JII]IEEIO BOPOIE}I&A'

Moag^xPoEaHl|o
flaAbTO l.i B$nOAHeHll AeMtc3oHHhlx MoAenb t "*;;;;;;;;; pyKasa c Cro rlailt'ro c aacrexHofi-MonsHefi' peau'xoft crsFl"r'br Bssaqofi '4:ra "rtr "ie

i''fJ .L

+
I I

F--i tii -L

I
I

A r aerei rcelsHoi rpynnbl


trortrEBa Tarloro trnnsfo Tpe6yeTcs 0,5 !a Trisxu trpr mrpEse 1 ,4 M rr8 0,9 Txa{s EpII trrspnEe 0,9 u. Cll)orr ocEoBEo[ raeprerK cnIlEXE tr trepaa. 'Ian Rax B qprst trepeaa Moaena EMeeTca aacr'|rlrA-Monatrs, aaEBoE (pac, 46a) cplrcoBErDarorAo ocEoBsoi nIrEnIr cepeAlEhr. 060kapMaEa, oTx.rranErBag oT,1II.SEaqaIoT l.ecropactronotrsl' FEtr celleaEELr rrepoaa Ea JIssraE Ta-rrrn 3,5 c!d, saTeM 10 crr. naE rr orrdaALraaror 2,5 cM tt AnsEy riapHa BeprtrxarLsot uaaa 10 cM. Ilfuptrsa raapMasa tro sl{3y parEa 11 cM. Pacrcpod r{ trout@ fips paclcnaaKe saD(pofiI(Il Ba rl(asll o6paqaror BEtrMaE e Ea EatrpaBneFtre Etrffi ocsoa6r: oso aoJlrxlIo cooTBetcrBoBar6 EatrpaBnesrro crpnRlrl. BLII{po*&y cEnn&s pactronaraET EAonE crE6a rr.astl (pdc. 466). ga 6orioBErecpe3;i Aator llptrycn 2 c , sa BepxEIle cp3lr pyxaBoB - 1,5 cM, sa EBarEue cpe36r pyBaBoE 2 cM, y ntrE n cepeAtrEBrllepsAa - 1,5 cM, no ]tIiIIItE ropnoBtrEr,r - 1 cM, Ea slr !En* cpcs aaroT EptrEycR 3 s!d. tcapxasLl xposr: orAenhEo no r(/mBof B6rripo*Ke c IIpu tIycraaME Bonpyr xapMaEa lIo 1 c!d, Ea BopxEll* cpeB - 3 c!d.

Pnc.46. KoHcrpyr,rpoBaHhe na bro (Moae^b 1): a-nepeA;6-cnu8|(a

116

OaexaaA rMa u u e f f

MarJIcerLI npof,T |I3 aB]'x EpsMo]Ton6Ehrx riycxoa rltaEtr c cropoEaMtr 18 I' 6 cM' BoporEEti riposr c trplryc6oraoBhrMs flocne EpttDlepxt Eanbro Ea pe6eaEe cp3Er crarrtrBarcT, B6npe3ar ltrBEI y ntrFlim rlpoEndbt. SareM cneAyer craqarb rrnerlBHertrBLr&' flpoaonxas p]'na3oB. AarrEEo seo6xoaxsfpotrKy, drarlaTEBepxE cpeBEI
lro clatlaTb 60KoBLle rIIsEl 14s:r)I.HlIe qacflt pl[iaBoB. BTaqarE

i.noa_ MonE lo, BropnoBdsysTaqarbo6pa6oraEE6r[soporE rrrtTE E 13pyr{a3oB tll 8tr3 trajr6lo. MoAenb 2. '9ro Dj.nEro MornEo cllrlrrE Es [cxyccTBeEEoro Mexa. Ha [oAXnaAKy llas{ieT, EoA6oploa, sacrtrirrri-ndonE I{' turaEoK, BtlzrpeEstrx xapMaroB trp,I feEslor Eepclst].Io TriaEb' Ha IIoIIIrtB TaEoto tranbro qle6yercs 0,4 M nc&yccrBeEEoro Mer(a npr EEptrs 1 ,0 M. qepre*ia soAns Moaenl4poBaEns IIcEo.'ILaylo'r ocEoasue Jroqsq rr cnIlaBE tranETo(pec. 47),

OAexAa A^9 aerei tce^bHoi rpynnH

717

Ha aErKpotrNe tronoqxs (plc. 4?a) o6o3EasalorJrsEsn [raEr!f, RapMaEoB r paspesoaor trpotn sr ao B6lpesarspnoBuEr{. Ha paape3(/r nnElts trpolhrl,r AorEaErlcpollcecEEnn o6o3Eaqaror aDsrIErpnoBrEI (prc. 426). Ha prcl.EKe 478 troxasaEs BLurpoixa tronoqritr 6estrnaErcntr pylcala. BDrr.apoftry ctrErin pactrorararor BAonb crtr6a rtcas,I (prc. 47t\. Pynas, coeAsgessbrfr c sepxEE!ffqacrsMll trepAar{ crrEEr.itr,IloftaBaEEa pvct'sx 47A, Anasa BapuaEoB coorBercrByer AnEHe, o6osEaqessofr sa qepfnce Eepeaa. P,'Kaaa oaxagqaaaror ldaExefaMa. BoporE't i BTaqEBaror sMecre c mtaErioi I{s roErioi TtcaE .

& 8

Prc. 47. KoHcrpylpoaaH{e na bro (MoAelb2): a- nepeA;6 - cnrHKa;s - nepea6e3pyKaBa H n^aHKr;rcnu8 6 pyKBa; A - pyx6B

OAexAaA^q Ma Htuei Pactipol f, tromtrr Atr Eaqana sa trepenED( rronoB&sriax o6pa6orar6 r{aplt.aallt sarela coeaLEsTL pylaaaa c [gpearEIuE g Sa,qsnM[ ItoJIoDESKaME.Ha I'peaEzx troJloBllaRaj( BclaslTb trtoJtEtro. HtrB p,'naBoBo6pa6orarL *aE *eTaldn. B ropnoDlfry BTaqarLBopdrsmr. HIt3 tralhTo Ilo!4{TE.

HOBA' )|(}IsHb CTAPbIX BEI{EF


Kotr,t6lllPoaatxal o4ex.qa |l3 ycTapeaExx AoTct(tlx Beuoi
flepeg aavarou xax4olo ce3oaa {aenarerrlxo trepecrdor_ hoAexiAy pe6eEriaE EpoBepsrE ee nprlloAnocrE. Ierr, 6Erc_
BEpAcTabT, trosTorly oaen aa, eEe EeycTapesErar, craso_ uM Mana. OAera{Ay Mo,{rEo yAnnEsTB ,nll pacunpETE, lprl groM c[nyer tr qBeroBo coqeras[e Moner$. DTo o cAenatE Ba cqeT yMeEbtrreHlIs Iio,rl'qecTaa It3Aerri,

onsqEx B cocraBt(oMtrrekra, vrr sa cqer Ao6aBneE,lg orO,IIEOE lIiAEA,

SBaqllTenbso yAnllEar6 oAexAy 6s IIsMeEeEr.E cnnvara aa cqet [oroc6r rriall& rutE o6op&[ _ IIptrTaqaFI|o* tro r llosca - aTaqaEsoro Eo nttEtrtr ratnr, KoKeroK _ B6IL-

Es trsAenn.s, axoArrqeroB rioMEnerir,rn6o tl3EoBoft.

B xa.recrBe EpnMepa paccMorpfM ncrron63oBarrre r{s,4e_

rioMtrJreRTa, cocrosqero na capaabasa, 6fiy3&rr,t{yprru,

6plol|r IInn pacEr{plrr! ri]4,rny MorrcEo, sbrrcpoAoqo,'rErterBEo Aerans us capa(paEa aroro ,rae EoMrrneKT& tl3 oTAeroqtofi TxaIlIl, a xMertEo: MaEj{ieT$r ! Ear{narEsre I. 6pbriaM, troA*poiHEre 6oq&]r, nosc, trrasKyrrBori K!'pTrie.

yAnsIInrE

Pyxaa moxro ya,rururr, MasrrceraMrrrrnrr caenarl ,rx Ko_


.'t opomo aotroJIEnT 9TOTtCOMtrnX? TpuRoTar*Has O6EoBrlrE ATc&][o oAonAy Mornso, He ron6Eo cosAaB oAHo trB ABI'x,Tpex Ea ocEoae coqeraEr4 TxaEefi pasnlIq-

720

oAexAa M9 rvalb'uei

at xu3Hb cTapbtx seu.tei

L2L

E5lx ibaErt? n prcyslioB - pasHoMacrqra6nHx B tronoc&y rr r(y, ropoxa II xnT&y, rJraaKoKpauer$rx Tr{aEeii, IIo raaonss oTAen!Ill.ro rFiarrB,oco6eEHoars ,qefiopaTLr eElrx aeTa- Icol|eToft, I{apMasos r{ aa}fte sanrar (cM. Moaejrn),

BbrxpanBaHxe AercKoii oAexAbl |,|3oaexAbt a r B3poc^btx


Aercxj,'ro oAefr,qyEeo6maren6so ]rrr{rb BcerAa,$ EoBoi rr{a. B rapAepo6e B3pocnHx urr{ tro4pocErx Aerefiecr! {acrs,{ESEOEreEELre BeIq[, fi3 riompblx MoriEo cmllrl, &pacEBbre &pa-

, Io6rir, capaibarBr n 6plorir.

To[6Ko Hen}3.f, trp,t eroM


B3pocn6rx,

aTB O TOM, qTO E BCTIRAS, C TOr{Kra speE,ls

Berqbtrpnroa8a,qji.'I aercrloi oaernaEr. H cneayer r,ctronBrr.aHtr c KpytrEFM pr-rcyErioM, rriIterEre BerrepErr Tr.aHlt . radTa. I|pen-caTrs, napqa, TpllxoTa)ftHop tronoTc nroFricor4 Il atr'.), a Tarix Tka-En c no6nerffIrM prrcysRoM. HaMe.reEEr,re & trepeAenrie llaAenns pacDapEtBaroT, Tqaoqr.rD{aroT oT EnTori, cT[paroT, xopomo Epoyfro]rirBaIIo tr3EaErie, a IIpr trepennqoBKe - no n[qeBoft cTopose. Oco6oe BEnMasae IIpI{ uctronr'3oBaEr{n oAe)riAbt Ans E3poc(rtplr trotrIv se tro Eee Arcrioi oAer]iAbr) perioMerAyercs

orAnKe:trpocreiiEieiiBmr{Brce, recEAer{oparrBnofr
, (oco6sso rpr coeAt.BeErrr Aeraneii), BopoaErrEaM Enrt I]ls Ep&oii oTAeno:rEoi rKaEtr, r(orrTpacTEoi tro qBecocEoBEoii Txarlblo, o6opr{aM, riorierriaM, BcTaBKaM l( rp. BH6paE trpueMreM''ro MoAeJrE,BAenrir trs xoMnneETa, troB liEllre, cTpo.sr trepTe)ri BEllipotrill rlJrn IrcIIonE,

IoroByro Bhrr{pofiKy, rlpr seo6xoArMocrr Er,r&poiny r{ansMeEsroT(oTpesarorEo ''rIlEIrr ranntr, pa3pesaroT


&nIIEEg gtg notrepeqEble tro)IocEt, trpl-rMeHgloT rioKetKll)

6epyr ee a3 Aplroro KoMnJrerrraoAe)&ABr EyxEoro paaMeHa DoAroroBneEqyro Bbrxpoixy IIaEocsr nr-rsllfi sarrpaBaoIeBoI( naTll, a 3areM pacllJlaa6lBaroTee Ea troaroToDk pscr(poro aeTar'lsx oaexALl ans a3pocn6rx. Heacg.s sa6uaarb n o myxcxux copoqr<axi B EeADrx ug
tr3 EUX IlOIyqaloTC.s CopoqriE ans MalEqnxoB n Ea-

6nysftn AnsAeBoqeft.

422

Oaexaa Mc Ma^bruJet

ro^oBHblxn^arxo8 Jlcno^b3oaaHt|e A n nouxBa AoTcKoi oaoxabl


oAe]r{Au, B roM qlIcJIe B socneaEe apeMs lptr trsrsroBleEtrt naiMoBbre rKatrpro6pen'l s Aerclro*, 6onblll]'Io flo[ynspEocrs nE_ oqpeaenelrEEtrl prclqxoM. B sroM nrrarre pasEodpasrsllr Inl c repec [pacTasnseT u ctrot6soBaElre x.fiorFlaTo6yMa{{sbrx' [rTa trel1lrr6D( rr [reJI&oBErx ronoBEhlx tlnaTrioB paSIILu pa3MepoB flpssqrltr BErtronsAss DnarI'eB, capaoalloB, 6nFo&, to6oK r-rtre_ pe,[Ero{oBIns aeBosex octsoBaHEa ucnojl63oBaExu co{eTafi t KafiMbr flraTr tIJttr e ibpala[eFroB c rr.aEbro cpeAset qacrs ntaTno6alneB lre apyrofi ftaEn, nonrpacrHot uo na (Fe r-TcR,rroqaerctr qBerynrrr.I troAo6paElrofr B ros ocHoBsoi r&arB). BoaMo)flBo rax' It pac_ ,ICe trctronr,3oBa:EreaBlx-Tpex trnaflcoB cpasEIMptrclsrioM qBerKoi. HassaqeEie aerclctIx lI3Aefiri, B6monse]rEloa fis Ilnar_ rcoB, oqeEl, pa3Hoo6pa3Eoi Ans IIoBceaEeBEoil Eocritr II nerlrro oraLrxa, ans AoMa (nnarLs, capa(baE6l, repeaEfiIrtr, rc6&r r 6ny3_ ritrr.rap.)(cM. Moaenr). B oaexae rI3 Dnafr(oB arrs oTaerrlifi qac

(,: i,'i'""
;1,t"l"f I"

Hoaa9x 3H6craphx Beutei

t23

ro Ectron}3yror arcopaTtrBEyro qpsrrrlie xamLl, B6rrtrrrB_ Tecbray, |ty, coeanExrnBEbreEB6r, atriJlrd(aqnro (EEpe3aEsEre Il3 Trca_ EEq8e1Br,Ollrt?Irr sBepei n T.a.), [pm<nelrBdro,rlrrroroM n Tr.a_
Epr troldorrg lloJrllsfsrreEoBoi trnellRr, BE4|e3e.Eot so (bopM DreMesTa prcyEria Il lrono]rNeEEoi MerRAynEM Tt{sFBp. IIAjTS_ '4 antrn&xaq4o o6eryaq]aBaror cTposEo* .srm6rr.

lpoll&tr trSMeEeEEg a cooTBeTcTEtrtr c r'3tlteEeErrsMlr otrfype6Eria, BHpe3aTL nBrnpoiRll, o6BecTE rx xoEr]Df,r Ea nEcTe 6y{alr r EaEecTn I(oIIcTp},LTlBEble aotronEllll ibacoEEHe nlllllnn.
BLIEpOek nsaenl{i, IIOMe4eIIE!r)( A IlErlrer )l{trarEl, a Tali)}c

UepeA BdtronsEneM BH6parEoi rloAenn Eeo6xo.[trMotro_ rlltE sepTnur a6rnpoaR{ ctrrrEftn, trepeaa n pyraaBatrJra_ (cM. ptrc. 24a, 6, B), Barerr,ecnlr trorpe6yercs, Esecra B

EcnraBl{sMarenbso paccMoTperr,pEcyExrr uoAenefi e qep_


pexoi.eEAa-qtrr tro o6EoBreBzro r trepelIpa{BaEr{ro
, m MoJlEO AATb TftAEI| . Bfop).to

, [parTrrrsyro,

Id crtrItTE LDa,

rloaEyro oaorcay Earlr'f] r AelSM,

YKPAIIJAEM KOMHAry AETCKYK)


Itnen Eo o(bopMneE ro Aercritrx l(oMEltr Bbr rrorrcere rrarTg Eo MEOTqXr{cLpEanaxr rpocEercTair B MaragrEax Eo t rTepEepy. o+opMneErs AercKofi KoMEarLI nyqlEe Bcero _ An.s B3sr6 060II EeiiTpanBElrx rosoB. tlprall qBera nysEe ocra-Brr6 trra a&ceccyapoB, I(OTOpLIMoJIaEO Jlefiao MeEsTE trO Mepe Toro, Itax pacTer pe6enok. Iocte.nr,sEre tosa .rg.rslorcE Eau6onee rpa_ ,qBqxos_ELtMrr anq o(bopMnestr, aeTcnoi I(oMsarr,r. MorlrBAr, ftorgpLre 6orrhrEeBcero BaM rrpaBfrcr, _-iLrbepnre sroobr cAerrarL r{oMBary BaEem pe6Ena EenoBTopxllros, sc_ lJonE3y4f Ba.Ey (baErasrrro rr yMeErre qrrTE an.E Toro, qro6Er Irp6 cEBo oibopMtrTh r{oMEaTy, ucDonBys npaeMLr allDrxl{a4ri. uinrEArgAeTcfiofl xotrsaT& BechMarerxo r EDs.gTso.

t(oBPtK AAg MMbtutA

Takoii l(oBptri rroJICEorrorrorrarrb E6 troJr, E pe6eEori ci{o_ )IieT Ea Eefi cBo6oaEo nonsafs. A ecnll ero eqe II [ps],npacETb, EalpeMp, sa cBe)'rei aenesr Ero6pa3zrL mny6oe osepo, rox, Pyr Eefo - xo_poBo,qryceft, To oE 6yaeT.qrs samro pe6eEr.(a Ee ronBrio y{o6EdM, EO r EETepecs6rld. rlpooo*""""ri Ay sereEoE Bepxset [ rl&'*(rlefi T&aE6to ctrr.TetroE caeJraeT ""*_ RoB, p14 Il Msrxl]Irr[ II ].roTEErIrd. I{oBpEna i{on<er 6LrrL paonrrqBd M, so nl^ftre, ecrtr os oyAeT -PaBMep seoofi,Ilroro pasMepa, rar( ftaR elo Morr(EoEosT! Ea EptrpoAy. B AasEoM cJlyqae pa3Mep &oBpEr{a _ 1 15 x 1 15 cM. Ars Ilottr&Da l{oBprxa Ectron63:r.rof xJrotrqato6yMarkEEe
TIiAEII.

YKpaulaeM AercKyoKoMHary

725

Bpxslolo rracrE noBpriria c rI3EaEorrlofi cropoELl ylrpetrIrrl Qnrsennsoia. Asn6rEe B ,qeno Ecrylaer BaEa OaHTaBIrs. Ec.ttE EyrrEo, qTo66r amrJrEtcanEs 6LIna Bo3al'Esoi, ro rloa Eee qpea' sapaTenEEo rroarual6rEaror cu ETetros s trpaMeT6rBardr. ,qarree cTpoqatr[rrxaqllro o6cTpatrEBaroT EnorEoil ssr3aroo6pasEoi 3 rdia). EorAa BeprB,'a fto{ (! rpnBa cTe)xria lptr6ntrsrrenbEo qacTE roToBa, To 6elyT EtrEcEroro qaclE RoBpr,lRa rI croranhlBaror EsEasoqEllMfi croDoEauE! trpeaaaprrTenhEo troJronrfi B MelRay nrl!trn crETetroE, II cMeThIBaIoT rlo trepaMeTpy, oTcrytrEB o1 xpas olrono 3 cM. Kpai r@Bpr&a o6pa6ora'E xocon 6nKofi. A ecnr K ranoMy rco!p{&y trptrEtrTE tro arI'EEErr[ cropo{ana MoJrEsroB pasBopore(T.e. B pacxpbrrord Bs,qe)(pEc. 48a), a tro KopoTRUMcToposaM DpnEnrs pwkn, To TaKoE RoBpEn ldorrcEo Ectrorrr$oBaTL B r{asecTBe cyMtcrE afis trporynox c pe6EKoM(pEc. 486).

126

Oaexaa Mt Maluule,

!!Iisia*I
. .:tlr,-

:i:EARE:.'.: E:'..

:!I,'Ia

;;'..;{llfrii:

";E :i::lRIEl:::

Prc. 48. Kosplrx: a-Akqear cropoHa; 6-cyMKa; s_ BHyrpe{Hff cropoHa

yxpaL!aeM KoMHaTy AeTcKyro

127

T&Klie IIpIIErr.Tr, Ilapoqr<y . C BEyTpeEIIei croposbr Mot*cEo KapMaEqnxoBans 6yTErroqeK(pnc. 48B). qro6H cl'MEa sar.pLrBanacE,Mo{aso c sryTpEE8 cToporrlr trptrKptruT6REotrriy.

HASIlBHbIE KOBPUKI,I KPOBATY AA'


111066rpe6Eo& q,'BcrBosar ce6r )'rorEo x 6esotracEo; xpoBaT&e, cEetTe Ea6rDE6re r,ioBpnri[-qaEBo, roToplre Mo)rrHo neffio lpllBssafE rt crel&aM &poBa?r. B IraqecfBe Ha6EBEoro MaTepsarra MorraEo!!'IT,E noponos nJrE crDrftroE. JIyqIne cAenaTE IIeCXOIS4O tCOBpItXOB ItiIIpnI(petrI{TL }IX TeCLMOi.

AOCKYTHbIF KOBPIlK
I4s trecrp6rx KycoqrioB rriaxei Mo)I{Eo rarilxe cErrrrr, KoBpllrt-noacTxnriy Ans MarbrEa: ns pasEoqBeTE6rxTpeyfonbHEKoB tr trOJrocolr c pasnncELrME pncyExaMr. I{ TyT Blr MorrGTe aaTr, rrorEyro cBo6oay cBofi OaETasli[. TriaEb rarr,fte, fia$ tr E [peAbraytqeld Bapsasre rioBpriKa, Jr]r.rr[ trctronr$oBar6 xrrotrqaTo6,'M$IGyro, rlT066r Beqb ner&o cTr{paracb. I?tsocraBruIrxcg Eycoq&oB Mo}IcEo cAeraTb IIecItoJIEKO MsqrftoB, qTo6H tror{rpaTb cpe6eEXoM. IITar., An.E troElrBa raRoro r(oBpaxa Eor.pe6yerca r&ass: B 6eno-.ony6yo xnerriy 180 cM, EtrptrEoi 90 cM; a Menr(}'Io &pacllo-6nylo rineTfty - 0,2 5 M, Mpunoi 90 cM; TriaEB beroro qBeTa B l<pacl{brfi ropoureR - 0,25 M, ,fltrprEoi 90 cM. floEa4o6llrc.s Msoro nocr.yTRos c Menxnu psc:,'Irr|oM. TaI{rce trorpe6yercs crEretroE -0,90 cM, EnptrBof 90 cM. no ptrcyaftytrsroToBtrrb rEa6nosEranir aefanefi A, B tt c. BHriporTb u3 TKaEl{B ropomeR 20 TpeyronEExltoB. A,l3 JrocKyT&oB TftaEn B Men&IIi pnc]'Eorc [o 20 TpeyronEEnftoB aJlrr aerare* B Ij C, trs TrEr-r B KpaeEo-6enyro ftfieT&y BLrrcpotrTE 6 Eonoc D pa3MepoM22 x 3 cM; 4 tronocErE - pasMepoM 25 x 3 cM; 2 tro-

124

OAexAaa^9 Ma^!|uei

F -pasMepoM 78x 3 cM,Iloloc6t Lpotrcs c trpnryc\coM JIocEr EA IIIBII 1 CM. BErpeBarb aBa r.Baapara pasMepoM 90 x 90 cM I'3 rlraEE B 6eno'rony6yb ftnrriy II oArE KBaApal90 x 90 cM trs cEEreEoEa. O6a riBaApara tr3 tKar,r c"lrolr(xrE ntrqeBr,rMn cropoEaMn, floro)1uB Ea crrETetroE tr cTar{aT5 tro IroETl4)y qaEnErMyqacron B 10 cM, KoBplrlr BHBepnyrbrax, qro6brtrporcna,qlia oKasarracB B cepealEe. HecTaqasEi,ri l7qacroK clllstL

Prc, 49, AocryrHbri KoapuK: KoBprKai 6 - pucyHoK HakoBprxe a - cxerva

uraeM xoMHary aeTcKyro

r29

KoBprx o6crpoq[r6 [o noErypy. Ans xaxraoi xa


.BelprEHX Menf,Etrqt (Tax EagErSaroT aToT ptrc]'Eotr) coeAtftara troxasaxo Ea ptrcyEK 49a, cEaqajla aeTant A tr B, rcarrcayto tr3 aeranei c npllrllrmB ra aeTanE B. SaTeM co.aerpsEEre MenEEtrqEr, IIo c*eMe, airE qelo csaqa-Ia

tronocbrD, 3areM llo.JrocuE u n xosqe samrrr

uonocx

flprllycftt' sraoB atgsrDrx tronoc aayrrorrirrb sa EBEasoqclopoEy tr Bec6 MorEB tro ptrc]'slcy 496 gaMerarL sa rioB. BEeInIIne Kpas tronoc orcrpor{ETb B Rpaft, aE:,TpeEEEe tronoc rafi :{(e oTcTpoqtrrb.

OAE'AOAA' MAHEXA
mr,ercs aEatorllqAo RoBprrliy. ArcRoe oAe.Eno OAesrEqe MortcEotro &paro o6pa6orarB o6oprion. Cepatr(pdc..50). It cpeaEenqacEy f,1(pacr.r6 BcsrirrMn sBeprorEKaME

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130

oaexaaMt Ma^druei

Prc. 51. OAer bqe E 3acTerHyroM BxAe rs Mo)KEo trptrrEsT6 olAenorrEyro TriaB6 (rtrI{pl'soi 1 5 cM), Batrpllrvlepj fltaEbro B fopofiek, MexqAy Bepxsi I EtIlraEi qacrrrMu, Tarajri &a& Il B noB, pEI{e, BriIanIiIBagIc.EcEETeIIos. IIo AnsEsorry Eparo n Ao cepeArfEr noporKrrx cropoE oAe,ura MorriBo BmnTL ArrIFE}.ro MonEsro (psc. 51). Tarioe oaesJr6qe Ee3aMestMo D xoloasoe Bpeu.EroAa.

no^or AAfl aETCKOfi KPOBATKI,I


Bbrcoratrorora - 130 cM, Illnpssa - 160 cM. O6arqsoTxaEEAnn nonora 6epeTcsraHofi )'te pacqBerlrx,
qTO II IIOC1ENLIiA MA-IE]IEA.

aulaM aeTc(yro l@MHary

Pl,{c.52. nolof A^r AercKol KpoBr(,

Eona E sExrfire cpeabro6pa6arLrsaror o6opriot (p'.c.52\. IIo BepxEeldy&palo aeJrarorliyntlcxy, troarn6as sa 1 cM, a BateM eqe Ea 4 cM. B lrynllcray Ey}REo6yaeT trpoaeT6Kapriac llonora. BBpxy RyJrncny yftpacnT6 JreEToqKo*.

CVMKA AANNEAEHOK
c]'r!tKg EoEaao6ttrcs: Art targfoBteEtrg Rycori xaprorra antrEoi 40 cM r BErcorotr 20 cM - ars asai BEEIANKA; uonEns AnI'Eoi 60 cM; Trcalrb r allaJrorllqEa{ qaery aeTcrioi trocrert. tIB ocEoBdoi TraaEq Bupe3ari cyMrcy AtrBEoil 60 cM r{ E{ptrEofi 120.IIo AnIIEe Braqarb MonsEro (pEc. 53).

I32

Oaexaa A t Ma^brurei

Prc. 53. cyMka Me ne^eHok Aa.nee aupesaror mrxe ,.rB eroji rxar.! aEo 4ox20 cM I{ coegrnxror c cyuxoi. IIo Bepxr.eMy riparo c].Mror rro 6oEaM 3arna_ AlIBaIo,r BcrpeqElle cRna{rin; rny6ella r{anrAoi no 10 cM, I{ BeD, xiteMy kpa ro rrpfl Merar.bo6opoqxy. BareM BLrD.rr*r" Mtrkyro qacrL.]ft r{n. I,lo yroii )Xerxasn Bhrpcrd16Asa""p*"*; Donyl{py r,i N DepeAEei Aeranr-rMoxHo trprrurHT! antr Blcaqr{rc(nr,.rEoiJ +u cM^rrBLrcoroii 20 cM) Irn]' )r{e yl<pacnrb Hd sue )cMolpc_ uc. Aac AeranD coeaxBrn n[qesbrv,r c]oposaMj4 qpFnBap ferbEo. BcraBnB Mexay sflMn cuEretroH Hr,rtr roHxr.r qoponon. uocTpoqnrh Do fipylnofi cTopoBe. o.Tastc orEpbrTUM ErrKEun cpe3 a MajleErcoe ()l'Bepcrlle Bsepxy Arra l|proqlra BertranEu. Aeranl BHBepsyrL. Aanee s BepxEloro rracrE BcraBrrr, Be, Eanky, rpocyEyB r{proqoK B EesacrporreFshri t racroft. gareM DepxEIoIo r! Enr*Hroro rracTr_rcoeAtrEnTr,. Ha AHo cyMr{r, trono *itrta opllroroBnellELrfi Rapros. uyMny Mo'ItrIo rroABecq"r, B yAo6soM Mecre. flnornoe &aDu ae,'arri<a npn4a{!.,r nonHy}o raB"p-"*no".i, 4so lotrjroe y40trcrBo Il r!Dacorv_

*o"""o i n^o"ru"ro"r"*ro

133

M9rKrE ltrPvutKtl
AeonaPA BErcora ra*oi nrpy rir (cri,qs) Er- 17 cM.Ans aaElroli
p]'mrin syr{eE scKyccrBeEELrn Mex pasMepoM30 x60 cM; cnBTetroE - Ans Ea6[Basss firpylll&I'; 2 rnasa c flernsMn (I'x Mol{Eo Basr6 co crapon lllpytrIxr). o,5 cM. Ilptrtrydir tro BceMcp$aM (ptrc. 54): Aeranr! B[rrpofi$r 2 AerarLI (1 Aeran6 B Bep1) 6orioBas .{acrb ryroBfiqa KanbEorr oro6p&neulrrI); 4 aerans; 2) yxo 3)trpoMexyroqsanqacrbronoBbl - 1 Aera-'l!; 4) rpoMeE{yroqtras qacrb rynoBrqa - l Aeranb; 5) trepeAEss nara - 4 Aeranr; (2 Aerann B 3epxanbEoM oro6par*eHllr); 6) aaAEss natra - 4 Aerann; (2 Aerarn B seprcanbEoMoro6parr.eHus); 7) roAoEBa 2 Aeranr; 8 )xBo cr - 2A er ar n. Ha 6o$oB6rx.racrsx rynoBnrqa craqar6 rllTa.rftII. IIoroM cfatraTL npoMeniyrorrHlre qacTn ronoBl,l Ir TynoBlrqa, &oETpor ,Ebre MerI{L 1 r 2. 3areM rpr.Iraqal! [poMexyrorrEylo 6orioB6rM TyJIoBMqa r,IronoBbl, I{oErpo-qr,Has 'racr6 n -racrsM ocraBlrrE orripErMerl|a 2, np& eroM s oAEoM lrs saAlrrax11I3oB rBrM J {acrori anr.'Ioli 5 cM ans BErBopa.rrEa:rsa. Ilprtryclrr 6 nII3l < o rI r Bo B B yronk ax , 1! r anp y rn e H s L l x MF .ra x p a c c e ,rb H crpo.rKe. TynoBrrr{e BHrepsyr6. Ierann repeAEux nan cnox{rlr! rorapEo nlrqeBLIMr{ cropoEaMr.rrr cTaqafL, ocraBrfis Mex{Ay nosepeqsBrM[ ]vrerriaM]r orKpbrrErM tEacto& Ans Bl,lBopaqliBal{rs s Ea6ltBa1lrs Aera' nr-r.IIp rl:cEn EloB pacceqr. [epeAEre narbr BbrBeprryrb. ,4erair[ 3aAEI.x ratr cro'Ii]rr} trotrapso JrrrqerBrMrrcroposaMII II B],tIIonHrrTb saAHr.reIl IIepaEI{e [rBEr, ocTaBnss Me)I{ay trotrepeqEr,rMr{MeTKaMLIor&pLrrr,ri fracroF. BTa.rar!, uoAomBl,r.Ilpanycllr irBo8 pacce.rr,. 3aAEfie ranll BLrBepEyrb.

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Prc. 54. AeonapA. Macura61 : 2

yKpaulaeM aeicKyo xoMHary

135

CTa.rarEEoEapEoAerarn yltred ,t aeranr xBocra, ocraBna.a oTrlpLrTErr{rrcp66r trpsraq+iBalIt4s.,4eTanx BLrBepEyTb.Cpe3BrtrptrratrnBaEuE yllleft troaEepEyrb, Kpas cmtrrL. IoJIoBy, ropc, trepeAEre tr saAEEenatr}r Ea6trrb clrEretrosoM. oTKpErrlre ysacrxtr EBoB saEErE Bpyr{sFo. SafoM paBMerETB Ea ropce Mecra rrpErrrlrBaxdg trepeaEEx rr sanr rx Jratr.B 6onf,rll]'1o [rny BAoTE trporrE]'ro Er.tTr(yE trpoTtlEyTE TOpC trOtrepex S IIeCTAXpA3ldgrKll SaAEIlr(Jra!, trOTOla npolr{rryT6 oaEy sa4BroronaFy c BEyrpeEEeEcTopoEbrrcBrlertrHft, a 3aTM BBecTt' EIIy c BEeIlIEe* cTopoEbl TanLI TotTHo B

roqr(y [epBoro Epoxonar a BTJBeCTE rirrry c BEyrpesEencropoEbr n&[Er Ea paccrosEtra 0,5 cM oT ToqKn lepBoro Epor(ona. TaxnM o6pasoMEtrTrcaEe 6yAer BaMerEac BEelnsefr cropoE6r natrbr. BBecTr rrrny B ropc tro pasileTRe tr lotIIIo TaRrIie trpsmurE Bropyo saAEroro rary. Hl|rny ryro sarsEyrB Taft, qro6Er BaAEue narrbrrrrorEo trpnrsraJrri I{ fynoBsqy. Bcro oEepaql.Io troBroprrrb EecxonErio pas. flepeAaue naEhr FIluFtrTb x rynoBxqy rocBo laH xre, IIpnErITE anasa, ]utr trptrEtrTE ri roJroBe. Xaocr cret&a Ea6trTbBaro*, EoABepFlrIb orripbrrEre cpe3r,rn trpnErltrB xBocr ft TynoBlqy caaA[. IIoc BErmrIrEsETriaMr,rAns BErrni4BaEtrs. KyxAa 22 cM, Bsrcora Ryn[6r B rbroBonasrlAe oDcoJro ,Ar.s sarsroBreElls ByKnbr (pr!c. 55) Eorpe6yerca nocft]-r qaeTa, nocrclrLr rpnioraritpriKoTartaEoroEoJroTEa TeJrecEolo EoroBenroparIxnorsaro6yMarcEonrtcasn,rapMoEE3]'roqsecs ap}f c apJ,'roMno qBefy; xroriraTo6yMal*nas trpsr{ia d mpegox afJracEoi JreHfBIcooTBefcfa''Ioqr{x qBeToB,ctlETetroa; sntl(lr .qJrsB6rrr :rBaErr6 rNpaesoroqaeTa (poT) Il fony6oro qBepyrdsEaang Ta (rra3a); rqeR. Aeranf, BbrrNpoirN{ 1) renoBa - 2 Aerana (]l"a'j6atr 22 x22 c:d, tB rpnEoralrcHOrO nOnOTIra;

136

OAexaa Mr Ma^HUrei

2) maEovxa - 1 gera-rE (8 x 8 cM s. Tpr,rKo4ar*lJofo DJrrope); 3) repxrea vacrr, ryaoBnqa, genEaonpoeEu c pyxdr{; 4) l AerarE (EsptrEod 10 cl\{ tr AnlEoi 22 cM, socepeAxEe npoAonl'soi aTopoEhr B6rrronEnTB pa3p3 AnuEon 5-6 cM (ntrEni EeIIl) f,s xnoFraro6yMDftEofi Tr.aE , 5) xapMaEcltK Ea rpy4fi - 2 tera.nn,IcarnAas Drpnsoii 2,5 cun 4.naaofi 5 cu(IIs xroFrraro6yMarRnofi Tr(aEr); 6) rynoBrqe - 1 Aera"rE rll&puEot 17 cMr lI"'IrEoi B roroaoM BsAe 13 cM (trg TprrioraBEoro nono?sa); ?) ltucrh p,'Kir - 2 Aerantr (Ka)xAas I x I cM lIB Tprr&oralrcBce nerarr, EpoMe roJroBrr, n&crei pyx r EapMatrqrxa EEIICpanBabr c npxnyc&aMra Ea rrrBbr. Boarr nepsyr 4eraal ronoBLr, coeAsrrlrl yrorr n sa6rlTE AerarrE ceErerroEoM (oripyEcrrocrr, loroBLr oRoro 7 cM). Cpe3br AeTantr co6paTL, norJrrBBrrrybcs .Iroxixyr ryro o6MoTaT6 EnorEoil EarBro. Ilorssyrb AerajL 3a yronKB, qro66r ocraJtocb riarc Mo)r(tro MeEbrrre cRna,qori. fonosy trepeBs3arr, rolepe& Ea J.poBEernas - cepeansa roroa6r. I{a rtopoi 4ma.nz ro,noBLr clurrr! MeuJos, pdrMep (oropolo aoJl}|ceE cooTBeTcTBoBarb pasMepy Ha6[Toii c[sTenorroM aeTanI!. OArn rioEerl Mellloqfta crarrarr, tronirpFoM. Mllloqeft EaTrrgyT6 IIa rcnosy, I{sn]IflHrolo rriaEE Btr[ay r],ro trepeBsaarb, xopouo troTfEyB aeTanL 3a ErarKFei xpai, Kari II trepB].ro. BepxEbro qenlso&poe*yro qacrb rynoBr,rqa, c py&aMr, cJro;*rrr6 trollonaM, n[qeBoit cToposoil BoBEyrpb, paapes Ha, qtrsaeTcs TorrEo y cra6a. HnrnEfie cpesbr .qeTa"IncTaqaTb sa 5 cM c &arrqoro rioEqa. 5ro 6yAyr pyxll. OrnpbrrHe noreperrE}I cpeabr trpuco6parb Bpy'rEyto Ao m'rpj{sbr 8 cM. rapmaauraxa cnor{iurb ntr4eBLrMu cropoEaMa. CTa{erarr rraT6 noporHne cpe3Lr, EpoaonLE6le cpeslr c oasoE cropoELr craqaT6 tronyriplnoM, rriaE6 Ea yrorrcax cpe3arE. ftapMaE.rr.tli a&&ypaTEo BErTarraTE. Bepx ftapMaEq&&a, [oaBepEys cpe3, orcrpotrtrTr, B Kpaft. IcapMaE.rtrri EplTa.rarb Ha ryJroBxrqe B Kpail. TynoBrrqe cno'&nT6 EotroJraMJ[rqeBoi cTopoEofi BoBEyrpL ( I 7 x 13 cM), craqarr, 6oftoBLre cpesH. Bepxutrt cpes trpl{co6par6 Ao IIIIrpnEEr Eepxlrefi qacTrI Tynourqd, Aen],HoKpoe-

YxpauaeMaeTc(yo (oMHary

!37

Eoi c p]'!iar{r!. O6e qacrr rynoBtrqa BJrorftrrrr, oArra B ApyryF ndqeBErMn croposaMn r cfaqaTr,. BhrBep[yr6, lI3 &alI Aoro DepBorl kBa4paruRa (Kucrb p!'I(x) r.r3r'oroBnrhnap}Il<. ralt 'l3 (cn. 3 cM BEn3, ryro rcnoBbr BHrre). cnycrrBE]Icb na aeranr o6MorerE ]{peErcofi ErrLro. TynoB{qe Ea6xr6 crEretroEoM, Bcra3r4T6 IlncTII pyx I:I npl'mlrrE ip] rEyro Menftl{ME ctle]&IiaMn. Illatroqxy cnoraETE trotronaM, n[qeBoii croposoi BoBEyTpE. CTar{arE An}lEEEre cp6r. IIIaEoqfty BaTtrlryrB Ea roroBy. BAoJIr Esx(Eero cpeoa rEanoq&n Blrqeprlrr6 lra ronoBe riapasaartroM TonKylo ,InErxo (Earraro BorocsEoro IIoIrpoBa ronoBbr). IlIa[oq&y cEarh. BAonb BrlqepqeEl{oii rllrsllll trpoAerE Dptr troMorl{It TOICTOIi slnr,r Eyx{Eoe lion[qecTBo orpe3r<oB xnoEsaro6yMarriHo* nps)ritr, rioEqbr EtrTe* cBssarE. nIanoqKy aaaeT6, oTBepEyTE EtrjrElr]d cpe3 Ea rr3rrasoqsyp cToposy,

Prc. 55. Ky a

138

OAot(AaMt Ma Hueir

rcpa4 rsarotrnx IIpIrmrTr, & tonoEe BpJ4rE:r'lo MenlitrMtr cTerrcriaMr!, IloAsepsy} BepxEtri ripai lrlaEoqx&, Bf,rEoJDrI-frEtrouepetlE6tft [IoB, O6a yronfta oTBepE].r], BEaB Tari, rrTo6H B qeETpe trorrllrrcr ocfpEra yronori, BaTeM EpIimrTL ero Ro rrrBy ursrroqxtr, IoJroBy BcTaEHTL B npopes. TynoBnrqe. troasepE!'B cpe3, IipEfto trprrErll?L R fonoBe. oTEpErTEri ysacron ltpope3a 3aEtrTE BpyqS].tO, BOnOC6rO6pebaTBAo rlo6ot anEE6r. rnasa Il poT pasMeTtrTb 6ynaaRa.Mrn rI B nrecTax pasMefrcE BErErlTb aneELIr[e Toqliu. Ha lqeKr EdEecTlI EeMEoro pyrlsE. Borcpyr Eetr troBs3aT6 ATJIACEyTO nesTy,

NPAKTIqECKTE COBETb!

NPAKTI,IqECKOE MOAEAl,IPOBAHI,IE
Moge,nnporaare ogexAlr - oArE a3 Bar.Elrx eranoB paapa6oTnr Mo4enefi. B MaccoBolr opoa3BoAcrBe Moien[poBaE[e aeTcEod oaenca6r trIrorDoAETc.E Ea 6a3e rcoEcTpy.raBBLrx ocsoD, OAEa&o oAEoi noEcTpyrcTlaBsoft ocEoBEr Ans cosAaEns MoAnn EeAocraroqEo. Heo6xoArdr[a 6rqe paspa6oTxa xoscTp]'nT{BE6rX E AeTCOpATEBSLTX nEstrt r AeTaretr, qTO trprEf,to EasbrEaT6 trpanTrrqecKr,rM MoaennpoEaaEeM.IlprrMeEstre RoEcTpyraTllEEoft ocsoBLr E coqeTaE'Ilr c trparirE lecRrirM MoAeJrItpoBasnM - Ea{6onee pacEpocrpaEeEEhrd cdoco6 co6AaE .s pa3nralrEErx anAoB x (bopM oAexAhr.

MOAEAI{POBAHl{E KOKETOK
B 4ercxoi o,qer(Ae [prlMEsroacs ;oxerrir rDlrFiTaqr*. paar[traErx rios-

I
:

Kol(grxa cn|tl|oK MoAenrq)oBar[e Rol<erox Ea ctrrErle BosMor*EoB AByr(B4pllagTdxi troraa JItrHIiacoeallsBrs koneTK']Ico clll]lllRonpactronoaceE& B o6JracMronaror (prc. 56), r aroraa oEa pactrono,rreEaxa ]|I)oBEerntdnEf,r spofrr'rhr (p{c. 57). IlpsMa.f, Kotcerna(pllc. 56a) uMeer cBoEoco6ellEocas ooopMJtEtrs, HA Ctr[EIie EAMeqAIgr [ps!(][o IEEEIO lCOIcetKE, a 3a-

Tir ee y [pofrMDrEoAEauarorrrepx aa 0,?-1 cM (pEc. 58a), HoBJ/lo nrEnlo Koraorrcsooop nsror trna-BsofrJlastrei. Ecns

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JtnEI]IIo RoEeTrcE se troaEsTE y 4poftMbr, To B ll3aenEtr oEa 6yAeT trMeTt ELrrlyKnyro aboptrdy,a Ee [psll|:i.to. B AanBoM cny'rae Ea Eoroxrogrle rrlgllrl xoxerlct,l a tofoBOMIIBAeJIE4 lurr.seT BErcoTa Eneqa iF4r]'pBr, a Tarcxe EpIlMeE elvlhre TriaErir. Ecr& TxasE pErxras rurotao AeprIiIIT rbopw, 'r Jlnrtns nokeTxn tronl ntTcc Ecxarr(eEso*. . nperr..Ae.reMtrepdiiTEP's,&s.eceld'n:trr nzEj/^]arioxeT&E,Beo6xoaEMo otrpenenlrtb, nali r.s ,qeTatb ocEoBEa.E tr xariaE BTopo-

Pt c. 5 7 . Arxrr,rl.l KoKero(Ha ypoafier^y6rHHnpoiMbl

npaxrr,{ecKre coseTbl
cre[essas. ocsoBEotr ara.]rr,rosBn.rreTes Tar t oTopas rmFrrot EaEeceEEyIo tro l\toaerr!, coxpatggl B toToBon!rSaenEtr 6e3ltcrta}rceErd. IIpa MoAenrpoDaEntr KolcroR r. ctrtrE&e ocEoaEoi
I(OnTXa, a ETOpOCTenEEOi ATanEro .EB"lIteTCg - CtrEEI(A, trocxoJtb&y lcoKtlta aoJDKEa trnf,eT6TAI{,.K' lrie IIUEUIO, &aI{OE oEa 6yAeT B rbToBoM rtsAenr!tr, Ecnln Ea crrnErie ecTb B[rTaql{a, TOeCJIMEAqaJIA SaEeCTII TIIiEI|IO ROr(TIiE trO lUO,4eIA. a IIOfOM 3A&pEITB BElTaqIty, TOTIAEAS BOITSTICT B TOTOBOII IISAeJI'& rCrca3uTcs, a Ee 6yAeT cooTBeTcTBoBaTE MoAertr. qTo66r I{B6errcaTb Ta&olo llonoxtes[t, Eeo6xoal]Iifo cEaqana lctiJlloqtlt6
IINEqB]TO B6ITAqIiY IN., COOTBETCTBYIOIqEIO MECTA TCOIiETIiII E trE-

pesecrr ee a trpoftMy, qTo6Lr oEa Ee snasJra Ea]rEsrx) nofteTt{s (ptrc. 586). JlssnII xoxbrori Es l4)oBEe r4/6trEEr trpo*M$ Ea.Eocsrcs 6ea BarpyAseEdi (pnc. 588),

Plrc. 58. I\4oAe^xpoBaHre xo(eTox flrqeBas Br,rraqrcaocraerctEscBoM Mecre peEocETB ee B nnEtrIo r(olierKn Ee llrlIeor cMErcna: oEa se o6ectreqsT BLInI'r<nocT[ An.E JIoEaTIit, a ToJt6Ro )Dayarrr]tT &oEcTpyKqlllo crtrslrtr. JItrEtrro xorieTr{fi 9 sroM cnJ rae aa.MeqaroT ?alloi, tiar{ oEa ecTb IIa Mo,[et[.

KoKorK{ nepoAa BapraETEr &oKerontrepAa troriaoaEEr EapracyrRe 59, MoaentrpoBaEtre aTI{x RolieTon, Itar( Il Eor{ToI{ t( cDllltxaif, BoBMO'I{EOB AByX AAp[aIITa]a: KOrAA nrrEI:Is COeAnIIeEll.f I|O&eTIII]I

442

a !I39q9! oaexaa

l"n*"*+;;gr;*

t' B Bepxlet nepeAa,pacflo^oxeHHbP Ptc. 59. N{Hr'l$KoKerKu

Ha ypoB8e nepeAa,pacno^oxe8HHe xoxeTKM

6s

r43
cogero npaKrhqechue

PYKABOB MOAEAI'IPOBAHUE

l*****Pyraa "OoHaPxK'
co c6opKoi no oKary ryKaBnQoHaptlK' h Hl43y

:*****;"*3i*"",;+$li'

fftr" ri"-T:"!f mlT:nffi,:il"##J:Tffi

*J**#:ri"#*{H[*l[::f

t44

OAexaaA^i Ma^b|uei

6 Puc,61. Py{as4oriapnk' co c6oPKon no oKay Hr3y


nsELIo Ia X Eei npFanaAErBaroT qacrr neEana (pyRitB6) oAEy 3a apyrotr, rrapanneJrBso apyf apyry, c paccrosEueM ldet{ay EnMr-r2-A cM(p[c. 616). Paccrossne Mex,qy qacrsMlr saBtrcEr c/r nonKqecTBa Eeo6xoatrMf,rx c6opoB tro p!'r{68y. OItaT pyKaBa ooopMn.firor, trnaBEo aaMuxas rrEaII qacred 'Ielrara.

ryxaa "OoHapK' co c6opKoino Hx3y


Ta&o* pJ,'KasMoAnflpyror seMEorrorEar{e. flo EaMeqeEELIM4-b nnEnsM (pac. 62a) paspesaro" nexano cEEsyBBepta, se,qopesasaoBepxyEa 0,2-0,3 cM. Ha oTAenbrroM nricTe6yif,alll EAMeqaIt)f BepTtrI{AnbEyro nl,rrEro It IIpllKJIaaEIBalor 1{Eea paSp3aEg6le tlacfir nexana c paccTotBEEaI,l Mexay EI'MII tro axsy 1,5-2,5 cM (p,rc. 626), PaccrosEre cpeAErrx qacrefi or BepTtIRantr AonlttEo 6BIIL oAIIEaKoBBTM.Htr3 oibopMnstcf EJIaB, Eo* llltEr-ri. gcn& Eeo6xo,quuo yreazvurr xonrqecrBo c6op, rcq tro Etrsy pyEaBa, To qacr'l reriara pa3AD[raror Ea 6onb[ryD

flpafiugecxr{e coBeTH

145

pxc. 62. PyKaB .$onapuK, co c6op(oi no Hh3y BnErrEsy. Hua rakore pyHasa ooopMnrror c60pxoi snnMrrKAM&, MenxrrMrr cxra{riaMr{ II MaExceTotr snll pynl ioM. PyxaB *Kpbt^btluKo, Pl[raB xripbrfiEr[tkor crporrc.a Ta&)lce,naK r .(boEapnrc, coc6opxot DoEsBy, sa rcxnEqeErreM Toro, qro neftano pyftaBapaspesabr Ea 6-7 qacrei, ftoropHe pasABr.rrarortro Elrsy Ea 3_4 cM (pnc. 63). PyriaB )&enarenBrro pacRparrBarr, n xocoM EAIIpaBJIeHnrr I{ rfrTrr ocItoBLI.

oKaroM n/(aB c aaBbtueHHbtM


14 MFTK|4MX CK aAKai,l|,l gror p,.naB crposr r. lasAeniro c yftopoqeEnoii A,IrBofi trneqa (plrc. 64), Taxas OopMarosBorsi rcoMtreEcr{poBarb EAocTaroql'ro anEsy nneqa.

146

, Oaexaa A^t Ma^btuei

Pxa.63. PyB .xpbrbrurxo, sa 1-1,5 cM, to orcar Ecra trne.ro Bu BA]IEII}aropatrEBaTcs pi'riaDa saptcoaNDtror Ea 2-2,6 cM. JIeKATO sasErltr8erCr Ea oEar or roqtctr O, Ea 26)'rrarar, saBLutras orAenr,EoM nacTe 2,5 cM(pEc.64)l orpso& Ororl:2 cM. CoearIEss rocxn Pd, OD I| P! trnaBEofr rr,rElleft, FpoBoasr soByro nnEarc otcala, flo orcaTyEa.Mqalorfpn MslKlle xJraAr{n: oAEaBcTPeqEasrro cepeaEEePyxaDa, aBoapyErx - oasocTopoEE e rJo o6e cTopoEbr oT lepBoi Ea paccToaEtra oa E6e 3-4 cr{. rro MoAetE. PaOOopMneErIeMsrrcEx cKJraAoxBEIBoJrBsIor pasEnqe r'r pareE Mexay saEEIMaEofo cfinaIoK srBop antrEoE o6LrqEorc o(ara p}'tiaBa. Ery pa3Er.qy pactrpeAenslor norr.Ay Ipirrs Marxt]tldn clrnaanaMt, Pacraop Bcrpeqsoi cKtarqr.in * 3-4 cM,oAEocropoEsei- 1,5-2 cM.EaMeqa$r c$tanRE treprreEA{nynspEo nrEfir onaTa pyriara. E4nrI sasallreEEoro oKapacrBopacxnaaoK,To oxar pykaBapa3Ta seaocTaToqEo.qns

npa(Tr,recKue coBeTbl

747

Prc. 64. h/Kas c aashrueHhbrM oKaroMx Merxr,rMr,r c|( aa(aMh pe3aloT, a sgTeM pasaBtrraror Ea EeaocTaroq]'p Berf.rtrEy, tro Eatrparrearrc, yr{a3aEEoMy Ea pnc}'EKe cTpen&aifir, nocne . eTom sarijra.q6rBarol Mnr$r cl(naantr Ir yroqEsroT o&af no ibopPl[iaB c BaBr,uIIeBrlErM oBaroM B Bepxsei qacrlr se Aon,reE 6ErrE yr{te pyriaBa [epBoBasaJrr,Eoro. Ero MoJIiEo ooopMt{rb B noAenir' co6opEoi. Ta&oi oRar aaBBrEaercs Ea 1,5-2 cM, r.e. Ea 0,5 cM 6onbme BenIIqrIIhr ]r'nopoqeEns trnqeBoro rDBa 13-

aeras. PyxaB-Ko|(erKa pyr{aBa PyliaE-&onerliycrposr ria ocrroBe uoxpo.' pernaE. Ha nucre6yMartr o6BoAsr nenarotrdpeAa r. cniEKtr(prc. 65).
3arM saMeqaror nojrorKeEtreKorieron tro MoAnr, Jlexano trepeAEeft u 3a.qEe* IlonoB'lrr,r pykaBa pernaE trpn&naAbrBaroT r( ctrrErie ll IIoJIe, coaMerqag foqkn no pocTny q IopJIoBIlEe B roq-

a4a

oAexAa Mt Ma btuei

Prc. 65. PyKaB'KoKerKa nax An a Ad t! Ea ypoBse noKeroK. O6BoAsr xoErypH trepeAEei ll BaABet tronoBnEoK pyriaBoB, I{o&TlcII c rEXI,r Il trepeaa BErKparB&loT EenbForipoeElrMlr pyr{aBaMl..

OAEXAE B AETCKOft OTAEAKA


qro6Er yrtpacnr6 npocrt'ro, H3arllrrxBlrro lroaenE, Ee saao rrrrBoro yc1{nlIi, Eo Eeo6xoaaMa lballras'..'I. Ans aToro Mo:r.Eo llo qBely TKaEctronE3oaaTE pasJuarEEre nocr(Jr'rlia troaxoAqeft Marepuanu. Mot*iEo Bt, CoqeraiiTe rriaEEbre ri rptrriorarrGlre MATepEaIA' a c.qenaTEocEoBEhIe agrantr t6aIlt ti3 TKaESOTIO ilTo6Et trfiaTBtrqe planaBa rr BoporsI{qolr - Ir3 TptrIc0latriEoro. TeCEMy' IlctroJl63yIOT .qns MarhIII iln BhlrnsaeJro sap.'InllhrM, yxpalfioElnrr I|aEr pasnEirHrJe a ra&t*e neETolIItI](, ans EpoErBy, uranrs "nr,rEl!trRrpM a!os, BoporEsxoB, moB trpofiIrM X nOAVepH rvbr, p)'na3oB, 6orcoB[rx tr sa,qslx tuBoB. IIIta.EEu[{s uI pa3nEtlsEre K@rotrxn lrol{iEo ].IrpacltT6 lrptrqyanrrBl,IME rryrgBnqalds, passoqBeTEEaMtt tiHotrKaMrr, aTa&rICe alrtrJlltliaqtsMll' urp pBercs 6onLEe Bceo.reEE qacro y Manumefi Bo BpeM.f, B TaFoM cnl,^rae MotraEo LsEatIanBEo, B ro rKaIIb Ea rionesliax trpoqecce tBroroBneHns ssaen4s ]aipefitTb efo, T.e. [pnl!r!Tr,
IKOPATIIBIIIJE sANJIATI'I{.

150

Oaexaa Ai9 Ma^btulei

CaM6re n:ffllrIe satrnarKrl - I]ta tr,lornoro rKasEoro Mare_ pfana, Ha6taBELre, TerasLre sarrraTrirl - ero Ee lolrbrio trpoaneEtre rr.rBE BeqaM, ao a xopoEas saulEra attr ltoreso&' oco6sEEo, raofaa pe6eEort J rfiTcrl rroJrsarl' I]I xoAltlL. AJls Mta,qeE4eB pa3Mep saElartctl I x 10 cM 6yAer caMLrir troAxoAsqaM. Ans Tex, r.To yql'Ics tron3arE 9,5- 12,5 cM' nn.fi 6onee crapmllx Aerft - 11,5 x 15 cM. yrnhr satrnarxa ny'rrlle oripf,'rn[TL. Bo-EepBErx, 6yaer nelqe rx Ep[nrrrL, a Bo-BTop6tx, Ee 6yaf ocTplrx t'rnoB, lloTop6re qaqe Bceio qeunfioTcs lI,IerKo orfipHaalors. UBer 3atrnafirtr aot}t|eE coqerafLcs c qBeroM MaE)r{erLr Inra Ap}'Ioi oTAenrcoi. EcnE 86r oTAetLrBaer 3-alulaTris fta*toM, To JIyqIrI an gTqx aeraneft troao6par5 l(osfpacTFLreqBeTa. Ans nepeA TeM' 6onsEret npo.rEocrfi BanJrarr(y n]rume trptcrerarl' Ea lrptrrnlltE satrnarKrl MoxcHo ftaET. TaKEe xax npuulrT! 'Ice Pe6eEon oqeE6 66rcrpo BErpacraet lrs oaetrcabl. caMoe IIpo' cToe peEeErre sroii npo6teMr,r - Ao6aB[TL MaEl'ieTSr Ea 6p1o' xlr II p}'riaBa. IIo Mepe Tofo, Kari pe' 6esoK pacrer, Mo,{iEo orBopaqtrBarL MaE'*efEI r TeM caMLrwIyAtaEss rlsaenn. Ans &pacorH E yno6crBaJIJ rEo E!r6paT6 TriaEE B rdreTliy Entr IIOJIOCrcy, Ant soAroEnfi PocTa nyq4 tctroJrE3oBarb saTetrc&E trtg koM6EBe" Ecr[ lrarLe cTaJto xopoTtcoBaf6IM, ero Mo:*Eo yaJtaEuTE lloJlocxoi ltaass srq xpyxeBoM, T4afejr6ao rrpoayMaB Mecla BcTaroI., IlItrpEEa Eoroc&tr aorir*sa cooraercrBoDafB Toi ,lntrse, Ea riaEylo syr*{so yansEqTb trnaTbe, IIIBI TMolIcEo J/I(pacl'TD ToEesbxoft Tec6Moft. rlnarEro rs&rlce Moiriso npllAarL KonoptrT, ao653ti3 L EeMy c!eMBlItr BopolE rox ralcor.o ,rie qpera, r{a( tr BclaaKa, qpscryoqnrb 1ec6!try.

OTAelKaB AercKoi oaexae

757

ANNATKAIIl,I'
AEnnIII{aqIrs cEoco6 yrcparueEfit - ero rpaArrqtroEnhr* AeTcXIIx aeElei. Han6onee trotryn.f,pEr,rMnMoT[BaMa AJrsAeTcliof alltrnlr&aqrrn sBnsrorcs nso6parrieErrspasnruIlLrxibpl,rrToB, lrirlBoTrr6rx, qrrceJrJ nrp),'Eeri' cbpaerl r paa]'r[.

dw
IloEpo6dre trpocrpoqrrrE amrrrriaqrro cEaqana Ea Ee6on6ldoM nycoql. rftasn, nepeA reM xaK [prrrrtrTE Ea ocIioBEOeUiAertre, BBl6npaire Ans strtrnl-rl.aqtrfi EeB6rqBeTarotIlse T&aEI{, a tatx{e Te, koTopble cooTBeTcTB}'roT TriaH{ ocEoBEolro I'3ae"IIlt no ToJrqlIB Il I'Mex)r oAfisaxoEbre rpe6oBan[a lrp yxoAy; Bce Iiycoqri* TItaEs AeriaTtrPyEre. SanoMII re, qro rerq Bcerio c"poqr{TE rlo l(p)|r]r AeTan[ artrnnKaqE trpocT6rx QopM c EatrMeFhEtrM EongsecrBov lnroB. flptrotctrTe cropoELr nycoqftoB ibrurgefirrE c xssalloqljo] TrcaEE an.a atrtrJrl,lria4nlll Eepea TeMr KaIi BEIpesaTE E3 EIlx roIIpE6aB6Te 1,5 cM no ripasM &ycoqRoB arrrJrnRaqni Ans rrprrKraa6rBarrrs sa Brrx npyrfix aefane]d rtoMtro3]I4lls, roa-

452

Oaex<aa a^9 Malbtuei

paBII riTe xpas, sto6bl yMeE6&&fi, o6beM, norAa Bbr yxie otrpe.qersrec6 c sH6opoM Mecra Ars atrrrtrIraqtrl-I. O6parrre rxzuanze ra To, qto trso6panieEre IIa 6yMar*syo ocsoBy ilrnE3enqEa, 6yAr repeBe,qeEoB BepIlarBsoM olo6pattrestrt. atrnnlnlraql{I, [pea cmtrBaEtreM rtrBoB. IIp[rEaBa*Te

Ann^lKaqxt rpanyrro
9ro MeroA allrLllftaqxtr, trprr KoropoM cosnaercrr eiDOe!{T per6eonocrE. TpantrqtroEEf,tE MeroA BErrortreElls taRofr alltr! cneaylolqir: HaJrnqeByrocTopoEyn3aenns nlniaqtrz cocTor{T

trpnE BaeTctrantrtrxaqrl.t, Ea rrsEaBorrsoficlopoEe asrlnnnaqsu aenaeTcspa3l}e3,B KoropEr& troMeqaroTcrrpaBJtrnqElre Ea[ocJletfotopa3peslJcllr4BaroTc,EBp]AtyIo. tro,IHnTnt]t,

T3TOTOBAEHI,IE HAP9AHbIX BEIqEff


B6r6xpaiiTe MoAerR, RoropBre BaM 6on6rrre Bcero EpaBsTcs, so troMEfire, qfo EarrllEaTb cTonr c 6orjee nerlir_rx. BsDra MOAeIB MOJ{eT COCTO'rTT, lr3 Oqeltb ldaJlEr,r0,lx nera_'Iet. ecnn a6I llrbere qeEqrK, trnaT6e, 6rry3y. B TaRoMcr] rae npnaeTcs rcoM6EsnpoBaT! EBLr. OcBoBsas fiAes co3laE'rq Bapf,AHLrx seqefi cocTollT B coe,ql{Eesrrtr 6onlEroro strcna nr'IaEora, flranfttr MoryT pacnonaraTEcs n rcptr3oEranLFo, n EeprtrE;nrBo. Bbrxpar{BaroT rr!,raE-

Kn tro aoneaoi r EoneperrEoi nIIEr.r.sM, III[pr:rEa ruasoR MoE{eT 66116 pa3nlI.rsori; sro saEtlcfiT or rpoaopqxr nBAenn{. ,qr.s I'sroroBneErs rak]ax Berqeii nyqln Bcero 6parE rna.qxne
TI{AFA,lali e fta& 6aTteT u utenk. Hpyrrela r! orAe,r(a MolRt{o trcrrorrb3oadrr r) Brpfi aqirrMrt kpaeB u o(bopMrrr,leM BlryrpeHl{eE qacTrr, Taftf{e Mor.yT rtoEa,qo6rrr,ca luenxoB6re AByxcropoEHepr,q$He nenEr Moryr y$pacqrb Eur&sri xpait rr3AenEs, fil'lIIIIo norierlifi r ftpriil &pyx{eBa. Jlr{srs Ba rionerftn L ropnoDrnLr 6yAer oqeEr yaaloro cMmper6cs, ecntr !{x oTnenaTr, rrpor[Boii c co6parHErMrcpyxeBoM.

754

OAexAaM9 MaAUurei

EEfiK}I HAPRAHHE
Moryr 6blrb yKTtiass arrs cosAaslrs sapsaEbrx 'r3Aenr.Ifi paEesr,r MaEEEiroi BbttrIrBnoi, Menri[Mr sacrpoqeEEblMrl 6ftlcaMr'BcraEEaMr' clina,qr(aMrr n co6pasEr,IMIr JrerKa lexEs&ay&paManri,rssassBrlrrsxa - sro caMa.g

pa3caerl(KaldE, 9rictrepxMeET[pyiT c AeraopartrBrrLrMll EI'TI(aMi, [peAEoo6paBEEtMs nrraMt, trpqctroco6JlestrsMlI,


EaBsatrEEbrMIIAnt MaIIItrEEoi BElEtrBr.u. C loMoEl'ro .qBoilEoli utnEl Ir clleqna"ltEEoil naIII.n MotrcEo a6rrronEsrL MeDitre sacrpoqeEFLr cltJla{lcs. HoMep ABofiEoi r{fnEr orrpanrefcs paccrgsEneM l[or{ay rlfnaMfi, a raJ$ke l{x ronqnEofi. Ars roE rx rrcsEei ncnoJlb3yire rrn6l }li70 tr N80. IeranE, Ea Horopoii Bbr 6y,qre BbrtronEsrh sacrpoqsE6re cli aArirr, AonxEa 6Brrb 6onLn rIlI{pIIEbr, qeM Eeo6xoA[" Ino B foroBoM BgAe, Tax ItaK Tpe6yefcg Ao[otHI{?en6ELIt Marepran Ea o6pa3osaE[e crnaarcr, JIJ rIrre cxa-{ana BErlrorrrr]Irb ct{n6{Irll, a SaTeM BrlKpotrTr, aefaJrB. C6opcarHe BcraBnn B6lrroJrEstorcs Eepea rM, ria& oEt4 craqtrBarorcs c I{py]I{eBoMrltrtrII.IrEeM. Ans BErDonEeIrts raxl{x

l43rotoB^eHNeHapgAHbtX Beutei

155

BcraBo& fplroToB6re aeTaJr6 Eeo6xoaxMoi r[upnE6r trrroc 1,3 cM Ans AByx trpatrycrcoB Ea EBrir. AJrDde aeranr AonrcEa 6bIrE B 1,5 paaa6onI'II'o, rreMAeTanEB mroBor{ BzAe. ycrasoBr.rre anrisy crposri& .3lrrsara, tr ero Mar.cr4ManEE],ro m|np{Ey, oTcTyrxB oT npas 3 MM, fiprro:kllfe crpoqxy. oTyaro'Itl_ Te, so IIe EpaxManETe c6opxy ,qo Tofo, xan aeTaJr6 6yAeT co6paEa. Iloc,re AeranE yrro'(r{rr, Eenr*.E. EcnI! nnarErqe yftpacrrrE qBeraMr,r, cAenaEBBrMr rirs nrenoBofi fi neErbr, oEo 6yAer cMoTpTEcseqe lipacnBee,

Xpr3aNToMa
uenKoBl4o tc6Ans ee u3nr?oBneFrrE 6p)"r,,qE]rracTopoEArcrc My(1,5-g MM rtrrprsoft !r 4,5 M AnrEoi). IloMer6re ee Ilar{,Ere 5 cM, Ee Aoxon.s no kpas 30 .38 cM, AsonHoii Enrbro spomrrE

r.srriayro noMsfny I' crsFyTb. Aaree pafipaB[Tr crcBoeE [erntr. Ilrrlcy aarperrrrE, Bpyqllyto trplrEnr! qBeloK K nsaenrrb.

BOPOTHl,IKX
Hatr6or trpocroft r AeDreBbrfictroco6 yKpacnrb Aercrioe DraTbe - sTo AorroJlEr{TE ero BopoTBrFrRoM. I{sMerrss (bopldy
BOpOTSIIKA, MO)I|EO Mel]Stb pas EoBoe nsAenne. CTIltg, Afalc}Ite cosaaBaT], riaxq[Elft

155

oaexuaa^9 Ma^d|llei
(\,

td w
,^

\lru/
,\

R \-/

^\

.d/

.-\

MepxKa c xpyxeBoM

vv

,^>

Pnc. 66, BrAbrBoDorfir,rxoB BoporE r$ Mo*rEo orAetarE riaEroM, ripy*ce E npyrsM; Mor.cEo yr.pacnrE r.ocon 6eirioi. Aerann BoporEr.rIra Moryr lprcoeAnn.srbcs tr KpytneBy, Boporlrrn& Moriao l'4cpacnrb BErEtrBrion (pEc, 66). .4[s ssroaoBneErrs EoporEfta 6orcEe Bcem troAxoAsr Me-rnxeEapsFr,rerliarlr rrna6a!usr, opra.E3a, rgEec,'xEoLEreJrR.

143roroa^e|he HapaAHux Beutei

r57

HeEp@pa-n$re IIrrFr yMeEnDr.{ rior[nqecTDo qpocDelrEsaroryD(cs srBoB. BoporBrrs trB rl[o ]Erx TrEei se 6ylm BaBopatu{sarr,cq. I{-BrLr r oTAe"rxn cTa6rj-]Tusrp}'rdl BaeIIII{rd xpali. Epn }r:oM Eer Eeo6xoallMocTtr trptiMeEeE JI Bctaaolt B BOpOlEri. ClnlecTBjnor r cbenf,Er,reBop(rrrralir'. CTaplre Ena?Ls 6y[jrr B6IM.S{eTE COBCeM IlEAqe, CJIEIA<AOtrOnHlnT!pAsrllql]6rMtr EOpojEEqrauE. Eonee Toro, aTa aeTar6 Ee 6yaeT oqeE aorr1o cEa_ rEl-rBaTr,c.n. nocftonbriy pasMep aercnoro Bopord Melrfierc.F Me!, nerrEo, creMrr[ril BopoTrrrfr{ Moir.ET}.ftpaEa]L EI'AMerLr Onex&r, tro(a p6eEori pacrer. BoporFtrri Mor&er 6brrr o+opMnetl saBss, Itar{tr, a EprEtrBarL ero r'loiriEo & rssaHoqEoit cropoEe [3aenr{s,

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