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1

Mb 2008
2 $j;juq;fk;

rdr%f epiyaq;fspy;
Muk;gk; - gq;Fdp - 2004
Mb - 2008> mspfi
; f 27
ehlfr; nraw;ghLfs; mtrpak;
jpwe;j
kdnkhd;W
Ntz;Lk;

gpujk Mrphpah;
Nj.Njthde;j;
,iz Mrphpah;
kJkjp tre;jFkhh;
m.tp[aehjd; cs;@uhl;rp cjtp Mizahsh;>
eph;thf Mrphpah;
Nj.gpNukhde;j; aho;g;ghzk;.
tbtikg;G:
gpNuk;
fzpdpj; jl;lr;R:
e.f[pj;jh

ntspaPL:
nray;jpwd; muq;f ,af;fk;.
Active Theatre Movement
njhlh;GfSf;F:
rdr%f epiyaq; vLj;Njhkhdhy; mjd; %yKk; kf;fSf;Fj; Njit
\\mUsfk;||> Mbaghjk; tPjp> fs; vq;fsJ fiy ahd> cz;ikahd fUj;Jfisf; nfhLg;gJld;
jpUney;Ntyp> aho;g;ghzk;> fis tsh;ff ; Ntz; tpopgG
; zh;itAk; Vw;gLj;jf; $bajhf ,Uf;Fk;.
,yq;if.
ba ikaq;fs;. gz;
kf;fspilNa fUj;Jfis vLj;Jr; nry;tjw;F
njh.Ng.: 0602216222> 0777286220 ila fhyj;jpy; kf;
vkJ jpizf;fsj;jpd; %yk; ehlfj;Jiwiag;
e.mail: koothharangam@gmail.com, fs; $b ,Ue; j
atmtheva@yahoo.co.uk, gad;gLj;jp tUfpdN
; whk;. vdpDk; ,g;nghOJjhd;
premtheva@gmail.com ,lq;fspy;jhd; mJ Muk;g epiyapy; ,Uf;fpwJ. ehlfk; %yk; kf;
Web: www.koothharangam.co.nr
fiyfs; tsh; e ; J fspilNa tpopgG
; zh;it Vw;gLj;j KbAk;.
te;jpUg;gijf;
fhzyhk; . ,jpy; cs;Suhl;rpj; jpizf;fsj;jpd; fPo; ,aq;Fk; mikg;
rdr%f epiyaq;fs; Kf;fpa gq;F tfpjj ; d. ,d; Gfs; ehlfj;ij jq;fSila xU Clfkhfg; gad;
iwa ehl;Lr; #oyhy; aho;gg ; hzj;jpy; fiy epfo;T gLj;Jfpd;wd. me;j Kaw;rpapy; vkJ #o;epiy
fs; Fiwe;jstpy;jhd; rd r%f epiyaq;fshy; fhuzkhfg; gpd;dilT fhzg;gLfpwJ. ehlfj;
Kd;ndLf;fg;gLfpd;wd. Jiw tsh;r;rpia mjpfhpg;gjw;F $j;juq;fj;jpd;
Kaw;rp kpfTk; Kf;fpakhdJ.
rdr%f epiyaq;fspy; fiyfis tsh;jn ; jLg;g
jw;F> ehlff; fiyapy; Mh;tk; cs;sth;fs; rd mNjNeuk; $j;juq;fj;jhy; toq;fg;gLfpdw ; nra;jp
r%f epiyaq;fSld; Nrh;eJ ; Ntiy nra;a Ntz; fs; fpuhkg; Gwq;fspy; ,Uf;fpdw ; vkJ E}y; epiy
Lk;. mg;NghJjhd; ehlff; fiyia rdr%f epiy aq;fSf;Fk; nry;tjdhy; fy;tp uPjpahfTk;> ehlfj;
aq;fSf;F Clhf tsh;ff ; f; $bajhf ,Uf;Fk;. Jiw tsh;rr ; p uPjpahfTk; kf;fSf;Fj; Njitahd
xU gzpia $j;juq;fk; toq;fp tUfpdw ; J.
r%fj;jpw;Fj; Njitahd Kf;fpa fUj;Jf;fis
ehlfk; %yk; rpWth; Kjy; nghpNahh; tiu ,yF ,d;iwa Clfq;fspd; Nghf;Ffshy; vkJ fiy
thf vLj;Jr; nry;yf; $bajhf ,Uf;Fk;. ,d;iwa fspd; kPJ kzth;fSf;F ,Uf;Fk; Mh;tk; Fiwah
fhyfl;lj;jpy; aho;g;ghz kf;fs; gj;jphpif %yk; ky; ,Uf;f ehlfj;Jiwia tsh;jn ; jLf;f Ntz;b
jhd; $Ljyhd fUj;Jfisg; ngw;W tUfpwhh;fs;. aJ mtrpak;. ehlfj;NjhL Nrh;eJ
; Vida gy fiy
ehlfj;Jiwia tPhpak; kpff; jhf ehq;fs; tsh;jJ
; ’17

Foe;ij
cs;Ns....!
7 Nguhrphpah;
mikjp muR 14 ghtid
nra;Ak; 19
6 rPh;jpUj;j
ehlff;
Neh;fhzy;
fUj;JfSk;
- vOj;JU
fhj;jhidf;
fiyQh; rPth ghitf; $j;J
12 rpy
tpkh;rdq;fSk; 18 fhf;Fk;
Kaw;rp
Mw;Wiff; FwpgG; 3

ngz;fs; epfo;jj; pa fhyf; fdT


Gjpa fsk;> Gjpa mDgtk;
Lk;. ,it ,uz; L k; xd; W ld; Neh;kiwahd rk;gq;fSk; fij
Nj.Njthde;j; xd;W Clhb cUf;nfhz;L je;J fSk; NkNyhq; F k; toikia
epd;w KOikapd; mDgtj;jpy; fiy> ,yf; f pag; Nghf; F fspy;
jpioj;jgb gphpj;J Efu Kw;gL ,dq; f hz KbAk; . mtyk; >
nr d; i dapypUe; J ghz; b r; fpdN; wd;. ehlfj;jpd; ghLnghUs; mOif> Njhy;tp> tpuf;jp vd;gJ
Nrhpf; F ngz; f Sf; f hd Xh; vt; t hwhd fsj; j py; vt; t hW ePzL; nry;fpdw ; ‘njhdpgn
; ghUs;’
mspf;ifia toq;Ftjw;fhfr; Ngrg;gl;lJ vd;gJ ,q;F Kf;fpa ghL nghUshtijf; fhzyhk;.
nrd;w ngz;fNsahd Xh; muq; khdJ. ,jw;F khwhf ‘fhyf; fdT’ ehl
ff; FOTld; gazpj; J mth; fj;jpy; rhjfkhd (Positive stories)
fspd; Mw;Wifiag; ghh;f;fpd;w fijg; nghUs;
fijfs; Njh;e;njLf;fg;gl;bUg;
re;jh;g;gk; nrg;nlk;gh; khjj;jpd; ngz;fs; gw;wpa tplaq;fisg; gJ ghuhl;lj;jf;fjhFk;. xU tu
xU khiyg; nghOjpy; fpilj; NgrKw;gLfpdw; NghJ> vg;NghJk; yhw;Wg; ghh;itahf> Mq;fhq;Nf
jJ. “ngz; Rje;jpuk;” Ngrpa ngz;
ghy; e piy (Gender) fspd; fijfSk; tho;eJ ; k;
rhh;e;j gl;liwf; fs NghuhbAk; epdw; th;fspd;
nkhd; w py; (n`hl; fijfSk; Njh;e;njLf;
Nly;) ‘kug;ghr;rp’ muq; fg;gl;bUe;jd.
ff; FO jahhpj; J gDtiy vOjpa t.fPjh
m.kq; i fapd; newpg; tpd; tuyhw;W Muha;r;rp
gLj; j ypy; cUthd rhh;e;j Kaw;rp ghuhl;Lf;
‘fhyf; fdT’ vd;w cs; FhpaJ. mth; jdJ vOj;
sf muq;fntsp Mw;W Jg; gbKiw “Gj;jhf;fr;
ifiag; ghh;ff ; Kbe; nraw; g hL” epiwe; j J
jJ. ehlfj;jpw;fhd vd;W Fwpgg ; plb
; Uf;fpwhh;.
vOj; J Uit t.fPjh xt;nthU Mw;Wifapd;
Gj; j hf; f topKiwg; gpd;Dk; eilngWfpd;w
ghzpapy; vOjpAs; fye;Jiuahly;fs; vOj;
shh;. newpahsh; kw; JUit NkYk; nrO
Wk; Mw;WNthUld; ikg;g L j ; j p a p U g ; g j h
fye;JNgrp ,jid fTk; NkYk; gy tplaq;
vOjpapUf; f pwhh; . fis cs;thq;fp nkUF
gjpd;ehd;fhtJ ngw vOj;JU ,d;Dk;
jlitahf md; W fhj; j pUf; f pd; w J vd;
,e; j ehlfk; Nkil Wk; ehlf Mrphpah; Fwpg;
NawpapUe; j J. ngz; gpLfpdw ; hh;. ,J ehlfj;
fs; rhh;e;J gzpahw;W jpd; ,aq;Fepiy tsh;r;
fpd; w epWtdq; f spy; rpiaj; Jyf; f khf; F
,Ue;J (,yq;ifapyp fpd;wJ.
Ue;Jk; jkpo; ehl;bypUe;
Jk;) Kg;gJ ngz;fs; rhp mLj; J ehlfk; Ngrpa
kw;Wk; muq;f Mh;tyh; tplaj;Jf;F tUNthk;.
fshd rpy Mz;fs; vd rpy ngz;fspd; “tho;f; i f”
ehw;gJ Ngh; ,e;j cs;sf ,q; F gpurtpf; f g; g l; l J vd
muq; f py; xd; W $b yhk;. ,jw;F mzp Nrh;gg ; jhf
,Ue;jdh;. nghpahh;> ghujpahh; Nghd;
muq;F rhh;e;j ngW Nwhhpd; rpj; j he; j q; f s;
khdj;jpYk; cs;slf; Nrh;f;fg;gl;lNjhL fpwp];
fk; rhh;ej
; ngWjpapYk; jt> ,e;J kw;Wk; K];ypk; rka
‘fhyf; fdit’ Nehf;Fjy; Ntz; r%fg; ngWkhdq; f Sk; Mq;

Mb 2008
4 $j;juq;fk;
jpuNk cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gl;L tU
fpwJ.” - vd;w je;ij nghpahhpd;
fUj; J k; “cz; i kahd ngz;
tpLjiyf; F g; gps; i s ngWk;
njhy;iy mbNahL xopeJ ; Nghf
Ntz; L k; ” vd; f pwjhd mtuJ
fUj;Jk; ,q;F Cd;wpf; ftdpff ;
itj;jd.
rhjpa NtWghL jhz; b a jpU
kzq;fs;> mit rhh;ej ; fUj;Jf;
fSf; F ghujpahh; Mjhukhff;
nfhz;L tug;gl;lhh;.
fy;tp ngz;fspd; tho;tpy; Kf;
fpakhdJ mJ mtisf; fhf;fp
wJ vd;w fUj;JfSk;$l ,q;F
Kd; i tf; f g; g l; l ijf; fhz
Kbe;jJ.
fhurhuk;: “fhyf; fdT” Mw;Wifapy; xU fhl;rpg; gbkk;. rkaj;jpd; vy;iy jhz;ba jpU
kzq; f spd; Vw; G epiy Njit
fhq;Nf tpthjpff
; g;gl;ld. ,jpy; Neuk; vLj;Jf; nfhs;sg;gl;lJk; vd;gijAk; ‘fyg;G kzk;’ ele;
Ngrpa tplaq; f Nsh gyg; gy. ,q;F Rl;bf;fhl;lj;jf;fJ. jijAk;$l ,q;F Rl;bf;fhl;bap
mit vy; y htw; i wAk; ehlf xU Miz ,uz; L ngz; f s; Ue;jhh;fs;. “Rg;igah; kfis xU
Kbtpy; epidtpy; itj;Jf; jpUkzk; nra;tJ> mth;fs; ez; ee; j Ndh xU mg; J y; fhjNuh
nfhs;s Kbatpyi ; y. rhp> vd;d gh;fshf ,Ug;gJ vd;gd gw;wpa fypahzQ; nra;tij ve;j me;
tplaq;fs;jhd; Ngrg;gl;ld? epa Ml; r p jLf; f pwJ?” vd; w
“r%f xt;thik rhh;ej ; ” tplaq;
fhjy; jpUkzk; gw; w pg; Ngrpap fisAk;$l ‘fhyf; fdT’ JzpT fUj; J ,q; F Nehf; f w; g hyJ.
Ue;jhh;fs;. ngz;> fhjy; gw;wpa ld; NgrpaJ; ghuhl;Lf;FhpaJ. (FQ;rpjk;)
fUj;Jg; ghpkhw;wq;fs; ntF tphp Mf> ,j;jid tplaq;fis xU
fhyq; f hykhf ePz; l tpthjj;
thf ,lk; n gw; w d. ngz;i z kzp Neuj;jpy; vl;Lg; ngz;fs;
Jf;Fhpa tplakhf jkpo; r%fj;
mbikahf;Ffpd;w jpUkz ge; Ngrpj; js;spdhh;fs; vd;gJ ek;g
jpy; tpsq; F fpd; w ‘ngz; f spd;
jq;fs; gw;wpg; Ngrg;gl;lJ. taJ Kbahj xd;whfNt ,Uf;fpwJ.
fw;G’ gw;wp ePz;l> Mo> mfyk;
Kjph; e ; j Mz; tajpy; kpff;
epiwe;j tpthjq;fs; Kd;itf; kpff; fdjpahd tplaq;fs; gy
Fiwe;j ngz;izj; jpUkzk;
fg;gl;ld. ,jw;F Mjhukhf r% tw;iw Mq;fhq;Nf vwpeJ ; tpiu
nra;Ak; r%f Vw;ghLfs; rhpahd
fg; Gul;rpahsuhfTk;> Kw;Nghf; thf ehlfk; efh;ej
; jhy;> mJ $w
itah vd;w tpthjk; Kd;itf;
fhsuhfTk; ,dq;fhzg;gLfpdw ; te; j fUj; J fis rw; W epd; W
fg;gl;lJ.
je;ij nghpahhpd; fUj;JfSk; epjhdpj; J cs; t hq; f Kba
rhjpa xLf;FKiw vt;thW fpl; nfhs;iffSk; vLj;jpak;gg;gl; tpy;iy vd;gij xU Nghjhik
lg;gh> Re;juhk;ghs; fhjypy; tpis ld. ahfNt czu Kbfpdw ; J. fdjp
ahbaJ vd;gJ gw;wpg; NgrpapUe; ahd tplaq;fs; rpytw;iw my;
jhh;fs;. rhjpapd; ngauhy; fl;l
tpo; f ; f g; g l; l mePjpfs; NjhY
Nfs;tpf;Fs;shdit yJ xd; i w kl; L Nk vLj; J
NkYk; Mokhf> czh;Tld; Ngrp
hpjJ
; f; fhl;lg;gl;ld. apUf;fyhk; Nghd;wpUe;jJ. ,q;F
n rhjpa xLf;FKiw
ngz;fis Nfhapyf ; spy; Neh;eJ
; Ngrpa xt;nthU tplaq;fSk; xU
tpLfpdw; ‘khh;jj
; k;kh’ Kiwik> n Njtjhrp Kiw ehlff; fUthff; nfhs;sg;glj;
Njtjhrp Kiwik vd;gd Mzh n ngz;fis “%b”f;fhf; jf;fd.
jpff
; r%fj;jpd; ntspgg ; hLfNs Fk; r%f mikg;G Mw;Wif tbtk; rhh;ej ; ngWkh
vd;W $WtjpYk; ‘fhyf; fdT’ dj;ij Nehf;Ffpd;w NghJ> kpf
jaTjhl;rz;ak; fhl;ltpy;iy. n Mz;-ngz; cwT
vspikahd tbtk; ifahsg;gl;
,e;J kjj;jpd; cld;fl;il VWk; n fw;G bUe;jJ. xU ju(X) tbtpy; gha;
kuG gw;wpAk;$l Ngrg;gl;lJ. fis tphpj; J ehd; F GwKk;
n ngz; fy;tp
ngz; f is “%b”f; fhf; f pd; w ghh;itahsh;fis ,Uj;jpapUe;
K];ypk; r%f mikg;G fhl;lg; n fyg;G kzk; jhh;fs;. kpf neUf;fkhf ghh;it
gl;lJld; Nkw;nrhd;d mePjpf ahsh;fs; kj;jpapy; Mw;Wif nra;
spy; ,Ue; J ngz; f isf; fhf; tjw; F Mw; W NthUf; F kpFe; j
Fk;> tpLtpf;Fk; xU mikg;ghf “fw; G vd; f pd; w thh; i jahdJ jd;dk;gpf;if mtrpakhfpd;wJ.
fpwp]; j t kjKk; mjd; mUl; kdpjr; r%fj;jpy; rhp ghjpahd mjid ,q; F xt; nthU
rNfhjhpfSk; tpsq; f pdhh; f s; vz; z pf; i fAs; s ngz; f is Mw;WNthhplKk; fhz Kbe;jJ.
vd;Wk; Ngrg;gl;lJ. ,jw;F mjpf mbikg;gLj;jp itg;gjw;F khj;
‘fhyf; fdT’ ngz;zpa tuyhw;W
5

kpff; fdjpahd tplaq; f s; gytw; i w Mq; f hq; N f vwpe; J


tpiuthf ehlfk; efh;e;jjhy;> mJ $w te;j fUj;Jfis rw;W
epdW
; epjhdpjJ
; cs;thq;f Kbatpyi ; y vd;gJ xU Nghjhik.
Mtz ehlfnkd;W Fwpg;gplg; muq;f ntspia moFgLj;jpd ahsh;fshff; nfhs;shJ Mz;
gLfpd; w J. cs; s lf; f uPjpapy; vdyhk;. gpujhdkhf ifapy; ‘jg;G’ fisAk; ,e;j Mw;Wif ghh;it
mJ rhpahdjhf ,Ue; j hYk; (giw) xd;Wld; jhsk; nfhl;b ahsh;fshf cs;sPh;j;jy; mtrp
mspf;if Kiwikapy; mjid ghbAk; jhsj;jpw;Nfw;g trdq; ak;.
xU ‘tpsf; f Tiu muq; f hfNt fis gpurtpjJ ; k; MbAk; mire;
(Theatre for demonstration) ,dq;
Mw; W if vspikahd tbtj;
Jk; Mw;Wifia fyfyg;ghf;fpa
fhz KbfpwJ. ijf; nfhz;bUe;jJld; fdjp
Mw;Wifahsh; ,d;Dk; kdjpy;
epw;fpwhh;. ahd rpff; y; epiwe;j gy tplaq;
xt;nthU fijAk; fUj;Jk; fhyk; fisg; NgrpaJ. ,jid NkYk;
kw;Wk; Mjhuj;Jld; Fwpg;gplg; etPd muq;fpd; xU $whf mz; czh; T g; ngWkhdj; J lDk; >
gl; l J. ciuahly; f s; kw; W k; ikf; fhyj;jpy; typAWj;jg;gL ehlfg; g hq; f hd ,aq; F epiy
cly; epiyfs; > thh; j ; i japd; fpd;w “ghh;itahsh;fSk; gq;F AlDk;> ntsprhh;ej ; ngWkjpAl
Vw;w ,wf;fq;fs; Mw;Wifia nfhs;sy;” vd;gij kpf Neh;j;jp Dk; nrwpthf;fyhk;. mspf;if
caph;ngwr; nra;jd. ,q;F ghj; ahf newpahsh; Nkw; n fhz; apy; NkYk; gytifg; ghpkhzq;
jpuq;fs; vd;W vitAk; ,y;iy. bUe;jhh;. ghh;g;NghUk; Mw;Wif fs; ,iztJ moF Nrh;fF ; k;.
ghj;jpuq;fis rpj;jhpf;Fk; Kaw; apd; gq; f hspfshdhh; f s; . mr;
rpAk; eilngwtpy; i y. xt; rbf;fg;gl;l jhs;fspy; ,Ue;j jf fhyq; fhykhf vkJ r%fj;jpy;
nthU fijfspd; KbtpYk; xt; ty;fisg; ghh;itahsh;fs; chpa ngz;fs; fhZk; fdTfs; ep[
nthU ngz;fspd; fijfSk;{ Neuj; j py; thrpj; j hh; f s; . ehlf khf Ntz; L nkd; w fdNthL
njhlh; G ila Mtzq; f Sk; ,Wjpapy; fye; J iuahlypYk; kpfj; jPtpuk; kpFe;j Mw;wNyhL
kz;lgj;jpy; E}ypy; fl;bj; njhq;f gq;F nfhz;bUe;jhh;fs;. kw;Wk; ‘fhyf; fd’it mspfi ; f nra;j
tplg;gl;ld. jq;fs; fUj;Jf;fis kz;lgj; ngz;fs; ghuhl;lg;glNtz;ba
njsptpd; i k ,Ue; j hy; ghh; g ; jpy; itf;fg;gl;bUe;j nts; isj; th;fs;.
Nghh; mtw;iw vLj;Jr; nrd;W Jzpnahd;wpy; vOj;jpYk; Mh;t vij ehlfj;jpy; Ngrpdhh;fNsh
Nkyjpf jfty; ngwKbAk;. Mf> khfg; gjpT nra;jhh;fs;. mjid ek;Gfpd;wth;fshfTk;>
Kjypy; tpsf; fk;> rpy mirTfs; ,e; j epiyf; F g; ghh; i tahsh; tho;tpy; filg;gpbf;f Kaw;rpg;
gpd; mJ njhlh;ghd mr;rbf;fg; fis ,Oj;J tUtjw;fhd gb gth;fshfTk; cs;s mth;fisf;
gl;l tplaq;fs; thrpf;fg;gLjy; fhZfpdw ; NghJ Mr;rhpakhfTk;
Kiw ‘fhyf; fdT’ ehlfj;jpy;
gpdd
; h; mJ E}ypy; fl;bj; njhq;f ,Ue;jJ. Fwpgg ; hf ‘fhyf; fdT’
fhzg;gl;bUe;jJ vdyhk;. ghh;it
tplg;gLjy; vd;W Mw;Wif fl;l newpahsh; njhlh;eJ ; ehlfj;jpd;
ahsh; fye;Jiuahlypd; NghJ
ikf; g;gl;bUe;jJ. kPJ jhd; nfhz;l gw;WjiyAk;
njhptpf;fg;gl;l xU tplak; vjph;
,ilapilNa ,irg; ghly;fSk; fhyj;jpy; fUj;jpy; nfhs;sg;gl jhd; nrhy;Yk; jj;Jtj;jpd; kPJ
Mw;Wiff;F tYr; Nrh;jj; d. rpy Ntz; b a xd; w hFk; . mjhtJ nfhz; L s; s gw; W WjpiaAk;
gbkq; f s; (Image) Mq; f hq; N f ngz;fis kl;Lk; ,yf;Fg; ghh;it ed;F ntspgg ; Lj;jpapUf;fpwhh;. n

neUf;fk;: “fhyf; fdT” Mw;Wifapy; ,ilapy; Mw;WNthh; ghh;itahsh;fSld; kpf neUf;fkhf ciuahLfpdw
; dh;.

Mb 2008
6 $j;juq;fk;

rPhj; pUj;j ehlff; fiyQh; rPth!


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gÏk›]™VKD ∂¬ÔÁÈÁB ∂aÕmº√VÔs¶V\u 1955÷_ ∂´∫ºÔu§™VÏ. ÿÔV¬zso_ ‘ƒJÔ ÊÏ]
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Q¬zD g´D√›]_ >V–D º\Á¶l_ º>V[§ \¬
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√>uz, ∂Ák \¬Ôπ¶D W[Æ WÁÈ©√>uz, \™D
®øflE ÿ√Æk>uz ÂV¶Ô›Á> ŒÚ ª¶Ô\VÔ© ÷ÀkVÆ ƒJÔ ÊÏ]Ú›> ÂV¶Ô∫Ô·VÔ º\Á¶ºBu≈©
√B[√|›m˛[≈™Ï. ÷∫ºÔ ÂV¶Ô¬ ÔÁÈl_ ~| √‚¶ ÷k´m ÂV¶Ô∫Ô^ \¬Ô^ \›]l_ ÿ√ÚD k´
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kº>V ÔÁÈÁB k·Ï¬Ô ºkı|D ®[Æ WÁ™© ºÔ.ÊkV ®™ ®_ºÈV´VKD ∂Áw¬Ô©√‚¶VÏ. ÊkV
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∂Õ>¬ ÔVÈ›]_. ƒJÔ ÊÏ]Ú›>›m¬ÔVÔ ÂV¶ÔD
÷ÀkVÆ >™m ÔÚ›Á>fl ƒJÔ›]uzfl ÿƒV_È ƒJÔ› ÿƒF>º>V| W] c>s ÔÚ]•D EÈ ÂV¶Ô∫ÔÁ·
Á>fl ÊÏ]Ú›> √È ƒJÔ ÂV¶Ô∫ÔÁ·¬ ÔÚsBVÔ© ∂kÏ º\Á¶ºBu§•^·VÏ.
√B[√|›] ŒÚ Ô>VEˆB´VÔ°D ÿ§BV·´VÔ°D
]ÔµÕ>kÏ>V[ ÊkÔVÚıBD. ƒˆ›]´ k´ÈVÆ ÷kÏ ®ø] ÿ§BV^ÁÔ ÿƒF> ÂV¶Ô∫Ô”^ ‘#¬z
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√Á¶›m^·VÏ.
÷kÏ ÷Á·Q™VÔ ÷ÚÕ> ÔVÈ›]ºÈ ]´Vs¶ ÷B¬
Ô›][ ÔÚ›mÔ·V_ Ôk´©√‚¶VÏ. >ÕÁ> ÿ√ˆBVÏ, ÷kÏ >™m ÿÔV^ÁÔÔÁ·fl ƒJÔ›]uz ÿkπ©
∂§QÏ ∂ıðV, ÔÁÈQÏ x.ÔÚðVW], \Á≈\ÁÈ √|›> ÂV¶Ô ∂´∫ÁÔ¬ ÁÔBVıΩÚÕ>VKD ∂m ŒÚ
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ÔÚ›mÔÁ· c^kV∫˛B>V_ ∂kÏ \™D ®øflE KD ∂º>ºkÁ· 40 kÚ¶∫Ô”¬z º\ÈVÔ ÂV¶Ô¬
ÿÔVı¶m. ÔÁÈÁB k·Ï›m kÕm^·VÏ. ÷k´m ÔÁÈfl ºƒÁk
ÁB© √V´V‚Ω √È sÚmÔ^ kw∫Ô©√‚|^·™.
gˆBˆ[ kÚÁÔBV_ ∞u√‚¶ ƒV]© ∏ˆsÁ™Ô^
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cıÁ\ ÷_ÁÈ. gˆB[ >™m ÷™D kVµk>uÔVÔ› º√VFs‚¶VÏ ÊkV. ÿ\[º\KD mB´©√‚| ÂoÕm
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9

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Mb 2008
10 $j;juq;fk;

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11

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xOq;fikT kw;Wk; ghj;jpuj;NjhL xj;jpirT vd
vy;yhtw;wpYk; gapwr ; p vLj;Jf; nfhs;fpNwhk;. vkf;F fl;Liufs;> Mf;fq;fs;>
,uz;L tpjkhd gapwr ; pfs; njspthf;fg;gLfpdw ; d.
xd;W upjk; my;yJ Ml;lk; vd;W nrhy;y ; f;$ba> nrt;tpfs; gw;wpa fUj;jg;
jkpo; muq;fpy; ,Ue;J vLf;fg;gl;l mspfi ; ff;fhd gfphT
; fSk; nghpJk;
gapwr
; p> ,d;ndhd;W etPdk; vd;W nrhy;yf;$ba
xU El;gj;ij cs;thq;ff;$ba gapw;rp. ,uz;il tpUk;gg;gLfpdw; d. ‘mUsfk;’>
ANk ehk; ngWfpNwhk;. ,jd;NghJ epiwag; ghp
Nrhjid ehlfq;fs; ehk; ghh;ff ; pNwhk;. jkpog; ; gz; Mbaghjk; tPjp> jpUney;Ntyp>
ghl;Lg; GhpjNyhL Nghlf;$ba etPd ehlfk; my; aho;gg; hzk; vd;w KfthpfN; fh
yJ jkpog ; ; gz;ghl;L Ghpjypy; ,Ue;J tpyfp KOf;f
KOf;f cyfj; juj;jpyhd cj;jpfNshL $ba ehl koothharangam@gmail.com
fk; vd ,uz;L tifapYk; ehq;fs; ehlfq;fs;
Nghl;Nlhk;. vd;w kpdd
; Q;ry; KfthpfN; fh
“,Ue;jNghJk; jkpo; ehlfg; gz;NghL Nghlg;gl;l mtw;iw mDg;gp itf;fyhk;.
etPd ehlfj; j pd; Clhfj; j hd; ehq; f s; mil
Mb 2008
12 $j;juq;fk;

gpuhd;]; ehl;bd; jiyefh; ghhp]py; cs;s ghitf; $j;J muq;fj;jpy; $j;Jg; ghh;fF
; k; kf;fs; (,lJ)> ,j;jhyp ehl;by;
muq;fpy; ghitf; $j;J eilngWfpwJ.

ghitf; $j;J vd;gJ muq;fpd;

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fs; nghOJNghf; f pw; f hf

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my;yJ Mw;Wifapd; xU tb kl; L ky; y hJ> fy; t p> rK
tk;jhd;. vd;d> kdpjh;fSf;Fg;
gjpy; ,q;F ghitfs; MLfpd;
wd. cyfpy; cs;s kpfg; goik
g jhaj; JiwfspYk; ntF
J}uk; Kd; N dwpapUf; f pd;
wd. ek;ehl;by; ,f;fiy ft

$j;J
ahd muq;f tbtq;fspy; xd; dpg; g huw; W f; fplg; g J ft
whf ,J fUjg;gLfpwJ. mjh iyf;Fhpa tplak;.
tJ fpwp];JTf;F Kd; 30>000
nrf;Nfhrpythf;fpah> u\;ah>
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jsk; njhptpf;fpd;wJ. ghitf;
$j; j py; gy tbtq; f s; ,Ue;
2 apYk; ghitf; $j; J fs;
ed; F gad; g Lj; j g; g l; L s;
jhYk; mtw;wpd; mbehjkhf ,Ug;gJ mirT kw;
sd. nkh];Nfh efhpd; murhq;f ghitf;$j;Jf;
Wk; gpd;dzpf; Fuy;jhd;. cyfpy; cs;s vy;yhr;
fofk; cyfpd; kpfTk; nghpa ghitf; $j;Jf; fof
r%fq;fshYk; ghitf; $j;J gad;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;
khf kjpff; g;gLfpdw
; J. ,f;fofj;jpd; %ykhf elj;
sJ. nghOJ Nghf;F mk;rkhf kl;Lkd;wp rka hPjp
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ahd rlq;FfspYk; ghitf; $j;J Mlg;gl;L te;
,uT NjhWk; nrd; W fz; L fspf; f pd; w dh; . ,g;
Js;sJ.
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,e;jpahtpd; top ,yq;iff;F te;jjhff; fUjg;gLk; rpwe;jit vdf; fiy tpkh;rfh;fs; $Wfpdw ; dh;.
ghitf; $j;J ehl;bd; gy gFjpfspy; Mlg;gl;L te;
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jhYk; mk;gyhq;nfhilapy; rpwg;GlDk; Mh;tKl
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nghk;ikfSf;F kpfr; rpwg;ghd Milayq;fhuq;
fh;fisg; Nghd;W gpurpjj ; p ngw;wth;fs;. ,q;fpyhe;
fs; nra;ag;gl;Ls;sd. ghj;jpuq;fspd; Mil myq;
jpd; Gfo; tha;ej; fjhghj;jpu N[hb “gQ;r;”> “[_b”
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vdg; g Lth; . ,q; F Kjd; Kjyhf
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ahfTk; ,Ue;jd. ,itnay;yhk;
ohk; E}w;whz;by; Muk;gpjJ ; itf;fg;
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ghitf; $j;Jf;fs; mtat czh;rr ; p
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fis ntspg;gLj;JtjpYk; tpJ}\
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Mfpa %d;W ghitfspd; cilayq;
fspYk; kw; W k; kjg; g s; s pfspYk;
fhuq;fspYk; rpwe;J tpsq;fpd. ,jd;
kf;fspilNa kj czh;rr ; pia vOg;G
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tjw; f hf iggpypYs; s fijfs;
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ghitf; $j; J %ykhf ebj; J f;
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; njdf; fUjKbfpwJ.
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,q;fpyhe;jpd; ghlrhiyfspy; ghlkhfpa rpwg;Gf;
khf nghOJNghf;F mk;rq;fisNa nfhz;bUe;
$l ghitf; $j;jpw;F cz;L. rpWth;fs; kj;jpapy;
jJ. vdpDk; cyfpd; kw;w ehLfspy; ghitf;$j;J
Muha;Tzh;r;rpia ghitf; $j;J vOg;gyhnkd
fl;Liu 13

mjpfhhpfs; fUjpdh;. ,q;fpyhe;J fy;tp ghitf;$j; ebf;fr; nra;fpdw ; hd;. el;LtDila mq;f mirg;Ng
Jf; fofj;jpd; %ykhf ghitf;$j;jpd; fy;tp mk;rk; ghitapd; ehl;bakhfpd;wJ. ghitfs; MLtijg;
nghpJk; Kd;Ndw;wk; mile;Js;sJ. ,r;rq;fk; gy ghh;f;fyhNknahopa> ghl;ilAk; gf;f thj;jpaq;
jug; g l; l taJs; s rpWth; f spd; jpwikf; N fw; f fspd; XiriaAQ; nrtpahuf; Nfl;fyhNknahopa
ghitf;$j;ij fy;tpahfg; Nghjpgg ; NjhL> taJte; Ml;LNthidNah> ghLNthidNah> gf;f thj;jpaf;
NjhUf;F ,jidg; nghONghf;Fr; rhjdkhfTk; gpu fhuh;fisNah ehk; ghh;jj ; y; KbahJ. mth;fnsy;
rhuQ; nra;fpdw ; J. NyhUk; ghitf;$j;jhLk; muq;fj;jpyplg;gl;l fhpa
jpiuapd; gpdN ; d epwg ; h;. ghh;gg
; th;fSf;F ghitfs;
,r;rq;fk; yz;ld; khefhpy; fhyj;jpwF; f; fhyk; gy
jhkhfNt MLtJk;> ghLtJk;> NgRtJk; NghyNt
ghitf; $j;Jf; fz;fhl;rpfis Vw;gLj;jp me;ehl;
Gyg;gLk;. ghitf; $j;jpNy> khh;ff ; z;Nlah; rptypq;
bd; gy ghfq; f spypUe; J tUk; khzth; f Sf; F
fj;ijg; G+rpjJ
; f; nfhz;bUf;Fk;NghJ> mtuJ fhy
ghitf; $j;jpd; gy mk;rq;fisg; gw;wpa nrhw;
vy;iy mZfpaJ vd;W akd; vUikf;flhtpd; kPJ
nghopTfs; elj;JtNjhL> rpwhh;fshNyNa elj;jg;
Vwpte;J khh;f;fz;lNuhL mjl;b thhj;ijahLt
gLk; ghitf; $j;JfisAk; fz;Lfspf;f Vw;ghL
Jk;> khh;f;fz;lh; mtDld; Nghf kWj;Jr; rkh
nra;fpdw; J. rpWth;fspilNa ghitf; fiyia Cf;F
jhdQ; nrhy;YtJk;> akd; NfshJ rptypqf ; j;ijr;
tpf;Fk; Kfkhf ghitf; $j;J rk;ge;jkhd jpiug;
Nrh;jJ; g; ghrk; tPRtJk;> tPrpaTlNd
glq;fSk; fhl;lg;gLfpdw ; d.
rptypq;fk; ,U gpsthf> mg; gpstp
aho;gg ; hzj;jpy; ghitf; $j;J vg;gb dpilNa tpRtehjg; ngUkhd; Njhd;
,Ue;jJ vd;gJ FwpjJ ; ‘,e;J rhjd’ wpf; fhyid thkj; jpUtbahw; rpwpJ
gj;jphpif Mrphpah; gz;bjh; k.Nt.jpU cijf; f akd; vUikf; flhNthL
Qhd rk;ge;jh; 1951k; Mz;L itfhrp Guz;L rj;jkpl;Lf; nfhz;L tPo;e;J
khjk; 11k; jpfjp jkJ gj;jphpifapy; khz;nlhoptJk;> <rd; khh;f;fz;Nl
Mrphpah; jiyg;ghf vOjpa gFjpia aUf;F mgaq; nfhLj;jYk; fhz;gh
Fwpgg; pLjy; nghUj;jkhFk;. nutUs;sj;ijAk; cUf;fpg; gutrg;
“tl ,e;jpa ghitf;$j;jpwF
; k; njd;dpej; pa ghitf; gLj; J nkd; g J mEgtj; j pw; fz; l wpa Ntz; b a
$j;jpw;Fk; NgjKz;L. tl ,e;jpah; nghpa ghit njhd;whk;.
fisr; nra;J njUj;NjhWk;> tPL NjhWQ;nrd;W cyfpYs;s Md;k Nfhbfisnay;yhk; Ml;b itf;
Ml;bf; fhl;b mw;g gzk; thq;fpfn ; fhz;L mg;ghw; Fk; el;Ltd; eluhrg; ngUkhndd;gijAk; mtdU
nry;tuhk;. Mdhy;> njd;dpej
; pahtpy; mg;gb ad;W. sd;wp vitAk; elth vd;gijAk; tpsf;fpitg;gjw;F
mq;F ,uhf; fhyj;jpNy rpwe;j ehlfq;fs; ghit vq;fs; gl;bdj;jbfs; ,g;ghitf; $j;jpidNa ct
fisf; nfhz;L elj;jg;gLfpdw ; d. ghitf; $j;ijr; khdkhfg; gpdt ; UkhW vLj;Jf;fhl;bAs;shh;:
rpwf;fr; nra;tjw;F %d;W ngaUil xj;Jiog;G “ed;dhhpw; G+l;ba #j;jpug;
Ntz;Lk;. ghitfspd; jiy Kjypa mq;fq; fisr; ghit ed;dhh; jg;gpdhy;
nra;J Nrh;j;jikg;gtd;> ghitfl;F Vw;w cil jd;dhYk; Mbr; rypjj ; pLNkh?
aikg;Nghd;> ghitia Ml;bitf;Fk; el;Ltd;. rpy me;jj; jd;ikiag;Nghy;
fhyj;jpy; el;Ltd; Ml;l> mz;zhtpnad;w ehd; cd;dhy;ahDe; jphptjy;yhy;
fhtnjhUtd; ghLtJKz;L. ,g;gbahdhy; ehy; kw;Widg; gphpej ; hy;
tUila xj;Jiog;G Ntz;Lk;. vd;dhypq;fhtJz;Nlh?
“ghitfspd; mq; f q; f s; ePz; l fk; g pfspdhNy ,iwth! fr;rpNa fk;gNd!”
njhLf;fg;gl;Ls;sd. ,e;jf; fk;gpfspd; Ejpfis aho; g ; g hzj; j py; ghitf; $j; j pd; njhd; i kia
nay;yhk; Vw;wthW el;Ltd; jd; if Kjyhk; mq; czh;jJ ; fpwJ ,e;jg; ghly;.
fq;fspy; khl;bg; ghl;Lf;FQ; re;jh;g;gj;jpw;FNkw;g (ghitfs; MLk;...)

,e;jpahtpy; epow; ghitf; $j;J epfo;jJ


; k; %j;j Fbkfd;fs; ,Uth; (,lJ). u\;ah jiyefh; nkh];Nfhtpy; murpdhy;
Kjd; Kjypy; epWtg;gl;l ghitf; $j;J fofj;jp;d; md;iwa xspg;glk;. rPd ehl;by; ghitf; $j;Jf;fhf kuj;jhy;
nrJf;fg;gl;l ghitfSld; xU ngz;. (glq;fs;: ,izak;)

Mb 2008
14 $j;juq;fk;

Foe;ij ghtid nra;Ak;


nghpath;fSf;fhfr;
rpWth;fs;; ebf;Fk;
Foe;ij k.rz;Kfypqf; k; ehlfk;

midtUk; : ngd; d k; nghpa ngupait ePq; f s; ($l;lk; Nfl;f mkUk; ghtidapy; midtUk;
ghh;j;jplNt ehk; ehlfk; ebg;Nghk;. rq;fh; Kd; ,Uj;jy;.)
rpdd ; Q; rpwpa rpwpath; ehq;fs; nra; rq;fh; : nrhw;nghopTk; Mw;WNtd;.
Ak; gpio ahTk; nghWj;jpl NtZk;.
midtUk; : nrhw;nghopTk; Mw;WNtd;.
(xUth; ghl kw;wth;fs; jpUk;gg; ghlyhk;)
rq;fh; : kf;fSf;F ey;y Nrit nra;Ntd;.
xUth; : cq;fil tPl;biy rpd;df; Foe;ij
midtUk; : kf;fSf;F ey;y Nrit nra;Ntd;.
cq; f isg; ghh; j ; J j; j hd; ghtid
nra; A k; . mk;kh> mg;gh tpisahl; ghyh : kf;fSf;Fr; Nrit vg;gpbr; nra;tPh?;
ljid Miug; ghh; j ; J gps; i s midtUk; : kf;fSf;Fr; Nrit vg;gpbr; nra;tPh? ;
nra;apJ? rq;fh; jiyiar; nrhwpeJ ; f\;lg;gl;L NahrpjJ
; .
Muk;gg; gs;sp tPL jhNd rq;fh; : Nehl;B]; mbg;Ngd;.
mg;gh mk;kh Mrpupah; kf;fSf;F nfhLg;Ngd;.
epuk;gg; ghlk; gpsi ; s fw;Fk; $l;lk; $l;LNtd;.
ey;y tPlb ; y; ey;y maypy; nrhw;nghopT Mw;WNtd;.
midtUk; : ghtid nra;J ehq;fs; ngupatuh midtUk; : mJ rup
fNt ebg;Nghk;. ehkidtUNk ,d;W
midtUk; vOe;J ghh;itahsiug; ghh;jJ ;
ey;yNjhh; ehlfk; ebg;Nghk;.
midtUk; : cq;fil tPl;biy rpd;df; Foe;ij
ebg;Nghk;... ebg;Nghk;... ebg;Nghk;...
fs; cq;fisg; ghj;Jj;jhd; ghtid
(ebg; N ghk; vd; W gyjuk; $wp xUtiu xUth; nra;Ak;.
ghh;j;J “ebg;Nghk;” vd;gjw;Fr; rk;kjk; Nfl;Fk;
ghyh : kpr; r k; cs; s it vd; d njhopy;
ghtidapy; ,af;fq;fisr; nra;ayhk;.)
nrhy;Yq;Nfh?
ghyh : rup!.... ebg;Nghk;!.... ePqf; s; vy;yhUk;
Nfhghy; : ehd; xU rl;lj;juzp.
vd;d njhopy; ghh;ff ; g; NghwPh?
;
midtUk; : ehd; xU rl;lj;juzp.
utp : ehd; xU lhf;Fj;jh;!
ghyh : rl;lj;juzp vd;d nra;tPh.;
midtUk; : rup!.... ,th; xU lhf;Fj;jh;!
Nfhghy; : rl;lk; gbg;Ngd;.
(Neha; ghh;fF; k; Fohia utp fhjpy; khl;Lthh;.)
midtUk; : rl;lk; gbg;Ngd;.
uF : ehd; xU vQ;rpdpah;.
Nfhghy; : fWg;Gf; Nfhl;Lg; NghLNtd;.
midtUk; : Mfh! ,th; xU vQ;rpdpah;
midtUk; : fWg;Gf; Nfhl;Lg; NghLNtd;.
(xU ngupa ghfkhdp> tl;lhupia ifapy; vLg;ghh;.)
Nfhghy; : ePjp kd;wk; NghNtd;.
rq;fh; : ehd; xU vk;.gp
midtUk; : ePjp kd;wk; NghNtd;.
midtUk; : ePh; xU vk;.gPNah; mJ vd;d?
Nfhghy; : tof;Fg; NgRNtd;.
rq;fh; : ghuhSkd;w cWg;gpdh;
midtUk; : tof;Fg; NgRNtd;.
midtUk; : ghuhSkd; w cWg; g pdNuh? vd; d
Ntiy ePh; nra;tPh; ghyh : MUf;fhf tof;Fg; NgRtPh? ;
rq;fh; : Nehl;B]; mbg;Ngd;. Nfhghy; : fhRf;fhf tof;Fg; NgRNtd;.
midtUk; : Nehl;B]; mbg;Ngd;. midtUk; : fhRf;fhf tof;Fg; NgRNtd;.
rq;fh; : kf;fSf;Ff; nfhLg;Nd;. (cld; midtUk; Jupjkhf xU ePjpkd;wf; fhl;
rpia Vw;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. ePjpgjpfF; Nkir> rhl;rpf;
midtUk; : kf;fSf;Ff; nfhLg;Nd;.
$L- rl;lj;juzpfs; fsk; trjpfs; nra;J nfhs;s
(rq;fh; Nehl;B]; nfhLg;gJ Nghy; ghtid nra;a yhk; . gpd; midtUk; jkf; F upa Mrdq; f spy;
midtUk; thq;Fth;.) ,Uf;f ePjpgjp ntspapy; ,Ue;J tUthh;. mg;NghJ..)
rq;fh; : $l;lk; $l;LNtd;. gzpahs; : ePjp kd;wk; mikjp.
midtUk; : $l;lk; $l;LNtd;. (ePjpgjp Mrdj;jpy; ,Ue;jgpd; midtUk; mkU
ehlf vOj;JU 15

fpd; w dh; . Kjypahh; iggpis Fw; w thsp Kd; rl;lj;juzp :thil xOq;fhf nrYj;JfpwPhf ; sh?
ePl;b...) nka;aofp : khjk; KbAk; Kd; thil nfhLj;
Kjypahh; : ehd; nrhy;tijr; nrhy;Yk;. ehd; jpLNthk;.
,e;j ePjpkd;wj;jpy; ePjpgjp : tof;Ff;Fr; rk;ge;jk; ,y;yhj Nfs;tp
Fw;wthsp : ehd; nrhy;tijr; nrhy;Yk;. ehd; ,J.
,e;j ePjp kd;wj;jpy; rl;lj;juzp :vdJ fl;rpf; fhuUf;Ff; nfhs;is
Kjypahh; : cz;ikiaj; jtpu vijAk; nrhy;y mbf; f Ntz; b a Njit ,Uf; f
khl;Nld;. tpyi ; y vd;gij ep&gpff ; te;Njd;.
Fw;wthsp : cz;ikiaj; jtpu vijAk; nrhy;y ePjpgjp : rup njhlUk;.
khl;Nld;. rl;lj;juzp :nrd;w khjk; 20Mk; jpfjp eLr; rhkj;
Kjypahh; : ,J rj;jpak; jpy; ckJ fztiu ePh; fz;BNuh?
Fw;wthsp : ,J rj;jpak; nka;aofp : fhztpy;iy.
ePjpgjp : ,th; nra;j Fw;wk; vd;d? rl;lj;juzp :fhztpy;iyah?
Kjypahh; : tPLilj;Jf; nfhs;isabj;jhh;. nka;aofp : Mk;> vd; gpdd ; hy; ,Ue;jhh;.
ePjpgjp : ePh>; Fw;wthspah> Rw;wthspah? rl;lj;juzp :gpdd ; hy; ,Ue;jhuh?
Kjypahh; : Rw;wthsp gpuG> Rw;wthsp nka;aofp : Mk;> vd;gpd;dhy; ,Ue;J epytpy;
ePjpgjp : vg;Ngh ,e;jf; fsT ele;jJ? vdf;Fg; Ngd; ghj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;
jhh;.
Kjypahh; : nrd;w khjk; ,Ugjhk; jpfjp eLr;
rhkk;. rl;lj;juzp :rup> ePh; Nghfyhk;. nghyp]; mjpfhhp
tul;Lk;.
ePjpgjp : ckf;fhf tof;F ahh; NgRfpwhh;?
(nghyp]; te;J rhl;rpf; $z;by; epww ; y;)
rl;lj;juzp :ehd; NgRfpNwd; gpuG.
rl;lj;juzp :,e; j tof; i fg; gjpT nra; j J ePh;
ePjphjp : rup elj;Jk;.
jhNd?
rl;lj;juzp : nrd;wkhjk; ,Ugjhk; jpfjp eLr;
nghyp]; : Mk;.
rhkj;jpy; ePh; vq;fpUe;jPh? ;
rl;lj;juzp: ,e;jf; nfhiy vg;Ngh ele;jJ?
Fw;wthsp : tPlb ; y; ,Ue;Njd;.
nghyp];: nrd;w khjk; 20Mk; jpfjp eLr;rhkk;.
rl;lj;juzp :tPlb ; y; vd;why;?
rl;lj;juzp: eLr;rhkk; vd;why;
ePjpgjp : nfhs;isabf;fg;gl;l tPlb ; yh?
nghyp];: ,uT gjpndhd;uiuf;Fk; gd;dpnuz;
Fw;wthsp : ,y;iyg; gpuG> vd; tPlb ; y;
liuf;Fk; ,ilapy.;
rl;lj;juzp :ePh; tPlb ; y; ,Ue;jijf; fz;lJ
rl;lj;juzp: gpuG ,e;j tof;Fg; gjptpy; gpio ,Uf;
Fw;wthsp : vd; kidtp Iah? fpwJ.
rl;lj;juzp :,th; kidtpia mioAq;fs;. ePjpgjp: vg;gb?
Kjypahh; : rj;jpa %h;jj ; papd; kidtp nka;aofp> rl;lj;juzp: ,e;jf; nfhiy 20Mk; jpfjp ele;jjh
rhl;rpf$ ; z;by; VWk;. my;yJ 21Mk; jpfjp ele;jjh?
(xU ngz; te;J epw;wy;> Kjypahh; iggpYld; nghyp];: 20k; jpfjp ele;jJ.
mts;ghy; nrd;W...)
rl;lj;juzp: ,y;iy. rhkk; 12 kzpfF ; Kd; ele;
Kjypahh; : ehd; nrhy;tijr; nrhy;Yk;. jhy; j hd; 20k; jpfjp.mjw; F g; gpwF
ehd; ,e;j ePjp kd;wj;jpy; ele;jhy; 21k; jpfjp. mg;gbj;jhNd?
nka;aofp : ehd; nrhy;tijr; nrhy;Yk;. nghyp];: Mk;.
ehd; ,e;j ePjp kd;wj;jpy; rl;lj;juzp: gpuG> ,e;jr; rl;lg; gpur;rpidiaf;
Kjypahh; : cz; i kiaj; jtpu NtnwijAk; fhl;b ,e;j tof;ifj; js;Sgb nra;
nrhy;y khl;ld; Ak;gb Nfl;fpNwd;.
nka;aofp : cz; i kiaj; jtpu NtnwijAk; ePjpgjp: ,e;j tof;Fj; js;Sgb nra;ag;gL
nrhy;y khl;ld; fpwJ. rj;jpa%h;jj ; p> ePh; Nghfyhk;.
Kjypahh; : ,J rj;jpak; (ePjpkd;wk; fiyfpwJ. rl;lj;juzp Kd; Nkilapy;
tyJ Gwk; epw;f> Fw;wthop mth; mUNf te;J
nka;aofp : ,J rj;jpak;
rk;ghrpff ; . kw;iwNahh; gpd; Nkilapy; epww ; y;...)
rl;lj;juzp :nrd;w khjk; 20k;; jpfjp eLr; rhkj;jpy;
Fw;wthop: Iah> mUikahfg; NgrpdP!
ePh; vq;fpUe;jPh.;
rl;lj;juzp: Ngr;rpUf;fl;Lk;. fhR vq;Nf?
nka;aofp : vd; tPlb ; y; ,Ue;Njd;.
Fw;wthop: ,Njh Mapuk;.
rl;lj;juzp :mJ ckJ rPjd tPNlh?
rl;lj;juzp: kprr ; k; Ie;E}W.
nka;aofp : rPjdKk; ,y;iy> MjdKk; ,y;iy.
thil tPL Fw;wthop: mLj;j njhopypy>; vLj;Jj; jUNtd;.

Mb 2008
16 $j;juq;fk;

rl;lj;juzp: ,k;... Ntfkha;r; nra;J Kb. uF : fhhpiy NghNtd; [Pgg ; pYk; XLtd;.
Fw;wthop: tof;F te;jhy;> ePqf ; s; ,Uf;f> vdf; midtUk; : fhhpiy NghNtd; [Pgg ; pYk; XLtd;.
Fg; gaNkd;. uF : fdfhR thq;fpf; fypahzk; nra;td;
rl;lj;juzp: ahkpUf;fg; gaNkd;. midtUk; : fdfhR thq;fpf; fypahzk; nra;td;
(kw;wth;fs; Kd;Nkilf;F Xbte;J...) uF : ff;$R tiuf;Fk; khgps; gjpgg ; d;
midtUk;: cq;fil tPl;biy rpd;df; Foe;ij midtUk; : ff;$R tiuf;Fk; khgps; gjpgg ; d;
cq; f isg; ghh; j ; J j; j hd; ghtid
ghyh : fhZk; fhZk; ct;tsTk; NghJk;.
nra;Ak;.
midtUk; : fhZk; fhZk; ct;tsTk; NghJk;.
ghyh: ePh; vd; d njhopiyg; ghh; f ; f g;
NghfpwPh;? ghyh : ehl;Lf;F ey;y Nrit nra;jPh.;
kzp: ehd; fil itg;gd; (midtUk; ghh;itahsiug; ghh;jJ ; ...)
midtUk;: ehd; fil itg;gd; midtUk; : cq;fil tPlb ; iy rpdd ; f; Foe;ij
fs; cq;fisg; ghh;jJ ; j;jhd; ghtid
kzp: fyg;glk; nra;td;
nra;Ak;.
midtUk;: fyg;glk; nra;td;
ghyh : ePh; ,Q;ir thUk; ck; njhopy; vd;d?
kzp : fdyhgk; vLg;gd;.
n[ak; : ifapiy gpuk;ig ehDk; vLg;gd;.
midtUk; : fdyhgk; vLg;gd;.
midtUk; : ifapiy gpuk;ig ehDk; vLg;gd;.
kzp : fy; tPL fl;Ltd;> fhUk; thq;Ftd;.
n[ak; : fy;Yhup Nehf;fp Ntfkha;g; Nghtd;.
midtUk; : fy; tPL fl;Ltd;> fhUk; thq;Ftd;.
midtUk; : fy;Yhup Nehf;fp Ntfkha;g; Nghtd;.
kzp : ed;nfhil nfhLg;Ngd;.
ghyh : kw;wf; ifapiy Gj;jfk; ,Uf;FNkh?
midtUk; : ed;nfhil nfhLg;Ngd;.
midtUk; : kw;wf; ifapiy Gj;jfk; ,Uf;FNkh?
kzp : ngupait $bw ngupa fpsg;Gf;F
n[ak; : ntWq; ifahf mf;if ,Uf;Fk;.
midtUk; : ngupait $bw ngupa fpsg;Gf;F
midtUk; : ntWq; ifahf mf;if ,Uf;Fk;.
kzp : ngupa jiytuha; vd;idNa itg;
n[ak; : fhij KWf;f mf;if cjTk;.
gpid.
midtUk; : fhij KWf;f mf;if cjTk;.
midtUk; : ngupa jiytuha; vd;idNa itg;
gpid ghyh : fy;Yhupapy; ePh; vd;d nra;tPh?
kzp : gl; l q; f s; jUtpid nghd; d hil midtUk; : fy;Yhupapy; ePh; vd;d nra;tPh?
Nghg;gpid ghyh : fdf;fg; gbj;j Mrpupah; ehd;.
midtUk; : gl;lq;fs; jUtpid nghd;dhil midtUk; : fdf;fg; gbj;j Mrpupah; ehd;.
Nghg;gpid ghyh : Mrpupah; rpdd ; k; gpuk;gha;j; jhNd
(midtUk; ghh;itahsiug; ghh;jJ ; ) ,r;rpWth; rpei ; japy; gjpeJ ; tpll
; J
midtUk; : cq;fil tPl;biy rpd;df; Foe;ij midtUk; : Mrpupah; rpdd ; k; gpuk;gha;j; jhNd
fs; cq;fisg; ghh;jJ ; j;jhd; ghtid
,r;rpWth; rpei ; japy; gjpeJ ; tpll
; J
nra;Ak;.
(midtUk; ghh;itahsiug; ghh;jJ ; ...)
ghyh : rup! rup! ePh; vd;d njhopy; ghh;f;fg;
NghfpwPh;? midtUk; : cq;fil tPl;biy rpd;df; Foe;ij
fs; cq;fisg; ghj;Jj; jhd; ghtid
uF : fr;Nrupf; fe;Njhupy; ftpNkd;l; V[d;l;
nra;Ak;.
midtUk; : fr;Nrupf; fe;Njhupy; ftpNkd;l; V[d;l
ghyh; : lhf;Fj;jh; vQ;rpdpah; vz;l ePq;fs;
ghyh : Mkhk; mJ ngupa cj;jpNahfk;. vd;d Ntiy nra;ag; Nghwpas;?
midtUk; : Mkhk; mJ ngupa cj;jpNahfk;. utp: uF : ftpdN ; ke; Vr;rd;l; vz;lth; Nghy
ghyh : ftpNkd; l ; V[d; l Nu vd; d ePu; midtUk; : ftpdN ; ke; Vr;rd;l; vz;lth; Nghy
nra;tPh;?
utp : uF : fhy;rr ; l;il NghLtk; Nfhl;Lk; NghL
midtUk;: ftpNkd;l; V[d;lNu vd;d ePu; nra; tk;
tPh;?
midtUk; : fhy;rr ; l;il NghLtk; Nfhl;Lk; NghL
uF : fhy; r ; r l; i l NghLtd; Nfhl; L k; tk;
NghLtd;.
utp : uF : ifapiy igf; f w; W thapiy rpf
midtUk; : fhy; r ; r l; i l NghLtd; Nfhl; L k; nul;L
NghLtd;.
midtUk; : ifapiy igf; f w; W thapiy rpf
uF : ifapiy gf;fw;W thapiy rpfNul;L. nul;L
midtUk; : ifapiy gf;fw;W thapiy rpfNul;L. utp : uF : fhhpYk; Nghtk; [Pgg ; pYk; Nghtk;.
(ghtid nra;J fhl;Lth;.) midtUk; : fhhpYk; Nghtk; [Pgg ; pYk; Nghtk;.
17

utp : uF : fdfhR thq;fpf; fypahzk; nra;tk; ahTk; ew;njhopy; MfNt ehq;fSk;


midtUk; : fdfhR thq;fpf; fypahzk; nra;tk; nra;Nthk;
ghyh : fhZk; > fhZk; ct;tsTk; NghJk;. ghyh : nra;njhopNy nja;tkhk; vd;W...
midtUk; : fhZk; > fhZk; ct;tsTk; NghJk;. ehq; f s; nrk; i kaha; r ; rpwg; G ld;
nra;jpLnthNk
ghyh : ehl;Lf;F ey;y Nrit nra;jPh;
midtUk; : nrk; i kaha; r ; rpwg; G ld; nra; j pL
midtUk; : ehl;Lf;F ey;y Nrit nra;jPh;
NthNk
(midtUk; ghh;itahsiug; ghh;jJ ; ...)
Nkw;$wpa ghliyg; ghLk; NghJ ifj;njhopy;>
midtUk; : cq;fil tPl;biy rpd;df; Foe;ij fkj;njhopy;> flw;njhopy; Mfpatw;iw %d;W
fs; cq;fisg; ghj;Jj;jhd; ghtid FOf; f shf ebfh; gpupe; J epd; W jhsj; J f; F g;
nra;Ak;;. ghtid nra;J fhl;lyhk;.
(ghyh; ghh;itahsiug; ghh;jJ ; ...) ghyh : ez;gh;fNs! ehq;fs; vy;yhUk; ey;
ghyh : ngupait ePqf ; s; Nfhtpff ; hky;> yha;g; gbj;J ehl;Lf;Fr; Nrit nra;
midtUk; : ngupait ePqf ; s; Nfhtpff ; hky;> Nthk;.
ghyh : ehq; f s; nrhy; t ijf; Nfl; L g; midtUk; : XNkhk;> ehq;fs; vy;yhUk; ey;yha;g;
ghUq;Nfh gbj;J ehl;Lf;Fr; Nrit nra;Nthk;.
midtUk; : ehq; f s; nrhy; t ijf; Nfl; L g; (gpd;tUk; mbfis xt;nthd;whf xUth; ghl
ghUq;Nfh midtUk; ghLjy;.)
(ghyh ghl> kw; i wNahh; mbabahf kPz; L k; xUth; : mk;kh> mg;gh> mz;zh> mf;fh>
ghLth;.) mk;khd; khkp> khkh NfSq;Nfh!
ghyh : Nghjidfs; NghJNk rhjidfs; ngd;dk; ngupa ngupait ePqf ; s;>
nra;NthNk ghh;jj; plNt ehk; ehlfk; ebj;Njhk;.
Nghyp tho;T ePq;fpNa> ngupatho;T rpdd; Q; rpwpa rpwpath; ehq;fs;
thONthk;
nra; g piof; nfy; y hk; fhuzk;
ehq;fs; nra;Ak; njhopypNy ey;y ePq;fs;.
Nrit nra;Nthk;
- Kw;Wk; -
ehLtho; cioj; J Nk> ehq; f s;
cah;eJ ; thONthk;
tPLthry; vq; f Zk; > ehL efuk; rdr%fepiyaq;fspy;....
ahtpYk;
ghLgl; L ioj; j pl ehk; > Vio tho;
’17 fSk; tsh;ff; g;gLtjhy; ,e;j Kaw;rp
kpfTk; ga Ds;sjhf ,Uf;Fk;.
cah;j;JNthk;
utp : rup> rup ghyh ePh; vd;d njhopy; nra; rdr%f epiyaq;fshy; elj;jg;gLk; Kd;gs;sp
ag; NghwPh; fspy; $l ehlfr; nraw;ghLfis jPtpug;gLj;JtJ
Kf;fpakhdJ. rpWgpsi ; sfs;> Nghyr; nra;Jjhd;
midtUk; : Xk;Xk;> ePh; vd;d njhopy; nra;ag; fw;ghh;fs;. ehlfr; nraw;ghLfs; mjw;F cjtpahf
NghwPh; ,Uf;Fk;. vdNt ,e;j ehlfr; nraw;ghL rdr%f
ghyh : nrhy;Ywd; NfSq;Nfh epiyaq;fSlhf tsh;j;njLf;fg;gl Ntz;baJ
midtUk; : nrhy;Yk; Nfl;fpwk; mtrpakhdJk;> mtrukhdJkhd nraw;ghL vd
ghyh : fhy;r;rl;il Nkw;rl;il njhg;gp... ehd; fUJfpNwd;.
rg; g hj; J ftpd; N ke; J j; njhopy; Foe;ijfs; xUtiug; ghh;jJ ; ghtid nra;tjpy;
jhNdh njhopyn ; yd;W epidj;jPh; ehl;lKilath;fshf ,Ug;ghh;fs;. mjid xU
ghyh : ghlq;fs; ed;whfg; gbj;J... fw;gpjj
; y; Kiwahfg; gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lkhdhy;
Mrphpah;fSf;F ehlfj;Jiw rhh;e;j gapw;rpfs;
ehDk; gl;lq;fs; gyijAk;
,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. me;j tifapy; vq;fsJ Kd;
ngw;wjd; gpdd ; h; gs;sp Mrphpah;fSf;F ehlfj;Jiwg; gapw;rpfis
midtUk; : gl; l qfs; gyijAk; ngw; w jd; ehk; toq;fpapUf;fpNwhk;. nray; jpwd; muq;f ,af;
gpd;dh;... fk; mtw;iw toq;fpapUe;jJ. ,e;jg; gapw;rpfs;
ghyh : tptrha Nkw;gbg;GlNd... midj;J Mrphpah;fSf;Fk; toq;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;.
mg;NghJjhd; Kd;gs;spr; r%fk; kl;Lkd;wp aho;g;
ehDk; tpupthd KiwapNy tptrhak;
ghzr; r%fKk; KOikahd gad; milAk;.
nra;Ntd;.
midtUk; : tpupthd KiwapNy tptrhak; nra; gapw;rp ngw;w Mrphpah;fspD}lhf rpwe;j nthU
Ntd;. fw;wy; nraw;ghL Kd;ndLf;fg;gLk; NghJ> fw;Fk;
Foe; i jfSk; rpwg; g hdth; f shf kpsph; t hh; f s; .
ghyh : ifj; n jhopy; fly; njhopy; fkj;
vdNt> ,t;thwhd nraw;ghLfs; FlhehL G+uhTk;
njhopy; -
eilngwNtz;Lk; vd;W tho;jJ ; fpNwd;. n

Mb 2008
18 $j;juq;fk; Clhl;lk;

fUj;JfSk; rpy tpkh;rdq;fSk;


trhtpshd; kj;jpa kfhtpj;jpahya vk;.n[aKuhhp Nf.Nfkyh&gpdp
khzth;fs; rpyhpd; fUj;Jf;fs;. ,e;j ,jopy; ‘Mr;rp Rl;l til’ ehl njhpahj epiwa tplaq; f isg;
hp.epf;rd; fk;jhd; kpfTk; gpbj;jpUf;F. gbf; Gjpjhfg; ghh;f;f KbfpwJ. ehlf
fpwJf;Fk; re;Njhrkhf ,Uf;F. vOj;JUf;fis ntspapLtJ tu
ehlff; fiyQh; md;ud; cjaF
Ntw;Gf;FhpaJ. mij thrpg;gjD}
khhpd; mwpKfj;ijg; ngw Kbe; hp.n[fjPgd; lhf epiwa ‘Ibah’fis ngw
jJ. mtUila mDgtj;J}lhfg; Kbe;jJ.
ghitf; $j;Jj; njhlh;ghd KOik
gy tplaq;fis mwpa KbfpwJ.
ahd tpguq;fisg; ngw Kbe;jJ. Nf.jkpourp
vOj;JU> ehlfk; gw;wpa jfty;fs;
gaDs;sit. Nf.f[d; ehlfk; gbf; f pd; w khzth; f s;
V.n[d];uPd; xU ehlfj;ij tpkh;rdk; nra;tJ kl;Lky;yhJ vy;NyhUk; thrpff ; f;
gw; w pa vz; z j; i j vd; D s; Vw; $ba ,johf $j;juq;fk; ,Uf;fp
cah;ju ghlj;jpll
; j;jpy; tpkh;rdk; wJ. Muha;rr ; p uPjpahd tplaq;fs;
gLj;jpAs;sJ. ,g;gj;jhd; xU ehlf
vOJtJk; cs;slf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. ntsptUtJ gaDs; s J. nghJ
tpkh;rdj;ij Kjy; Kjyhf thrpf;
‘rpye;jp tiyapy; rpWRfs;’ ehlf thf rpww
; pjo;fs; ntsp te;J rpwpJ
fpwk;.
tpkh;rdk; xU ehlfj;ij vt;thW fhyj;jpy; epdW ; tpLk;. mg;gbapyy ; h
ghh;g;gJ vd;gijg; Ghpa itj;jJ. aho;. gy;fiyf;fof> ehlfKk; muq; ky; $j; j uq; f k; njhlh; r ; r pahf
tpkh;rdk; vOjj; J}z;LfpwJ. fpaYk; khzth;fs; fUj;Jfs;. ntsptu Ntz;Lk;. mJ ehlfj;
Nf.rQ;rPt;Fkhh; ,.jtr;nry;tp Jiwf;Fk; ngUik.

ghitf; $j; J g; gw; w pa fl; L iu> ,jopd; Muk;g ntspaPLfs; vkf; eh.eprhe;jpdp
mjd; gpd; d zpia mwpa itj; Ff; fpilf;ftpyi ; y. jw;NghJ gy; Chpy; ,iykiw fhahf cs; s
jJ. ehl;Lf; $j;Jf;fisg; gw;wp fiyf;fofj;jpYs;s Gj;jf epiy fiyQh;fisf; fz;L gpbj;J $j;
vOJtJk; gad;kpff ; J. G.C.E cah; aj;jpy; fpilf;fpwJ. GJik> kuG juq;fk; ntspg;gLj;JfpwJ. ehk;
jug; ghlj; i jnahl; b a tplaq; rhh; e ; j tplaq; f s; ntsptUtJ Nfs;tpgg; lhj gy ngah;fis $j;
fisAk; Nrh;jj ; hy; ey;yJ. ‘ve;ij kfpo;thdJ. gioa fiyQh;fs; juq;fj;jpy; ghh;f;fpNwhk;. ,d;Dk;
Ak; jhAk;’ ehlfE}y; mwpKfk; rpwg;G. gw; w pa tpguq; f s; gaDs; s it. epiwaf; fiyQh;fs; Ch;fspy; ,Uf;
ehlf vOj;JUf;fs; njhlh;rr ; pahf fpwhh;fs;. mth;fisAk; $j;juq;
Mh;.fPh;j;jdd;
$j;juq;fj;jpy; ntsptu Ntz;Lk;. fk;> fz;L gpbj;J ntspf; nfhzu
‘rpye;jp tiyapy; rpWRfs;’ tpkh; mtw;iw thrpff ; pdw; NghJ ehKk; Ntz;Lk;. gpuNahf muq;F njhlh;
rdk; ghh;jJ
; kfpor
; r; p mile;Njd;. vOj Ntz;Lk; vdj; J}z;Ljy; Vw; ghd tplaq;fs; gaDs;sit.
Mrphpah; jUk; Fwpg;Gfis kdg; gLfpwJ.
vd;.fy;gdh
ghlk; nra;J vOJtNj toik.
Nf.fgPdh
Mdhy;> xU ehlfj;ij tpkh;rpfF ; k; Gjpath;fspd; vOj;JUf;fisAk;
NghJ xspaikg;G> ,iraikg;G [g;ghd; Neh ehlf vOj;JUf;fs; mwpKfg;gLj;Jtjhy; ehKk; vOj
Nghd;w gy;NtW tplaq;fisAk; gw;wpa FwpgG
; f;fSk;> jw;NghJ eil Ntz;Lk; vd;w Cf;fk;> J}z;Ljy;
ftdpf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gij $j;j ngWk; ehlfq;fs; gw;wpa Fwpg;Gf; Vw;gLfpd;wJ. $j;juq;fk; vd;Wk;
uq;fk; %yk; mwpeN ; jd;. fSk;> tpkh;rdq;fSk; gaDs;sit. epiyj;J epwf
; Ntz;Lk;. n

$j; j uq; f j; j pd; ,jo; f is


,iza top fUj;Jfs; vdJ njhFg; G f; F mDg; g p
ehlfj;jpd; xspg;glq;fs; mj; khdhYk; vOjp tpLtjw;F $j; itj; j hy; ed; w hf ,Uf; F k; .
jidAk; mUik. mg; g bNa juq;fk; mDkjpfF ; kh? cq;fis - Ky;iy mKjd;.
ehlfk; gw;wpa rpW Fwpgi
; gAk; tpkh;rpgg
; J vd; Nehf;fky;y> $j; Mf;fq;fs; rpwg;ghf ,Uf;fpd;
,lyhNk. thrfh;fSf;F cjtp juq; f j; j pw; F g; nghWg; G zh; T wd. - ghyh
ahf ,Uf;Fk;. - rz;Rjh ,Uf;fpd;wJ vd;gijNa Rl;bf;
fhl;LfpNwd;. vq; f sJ aho; . tUifiaAk;
25MtJ $j;juq;fj;jpy; xNu Ngr;irAk; gpuRhpjj
; jw;F ed;wp.
egh; xU Mf;fj;jpy; Gfog;gl; aho;. khtl;l fyhrhug; Nguit vkJ FOtpy; cs; s jkpo; g ;
Ls;shh;. kw;nwhU Mf;fj;jpy; ehlfj; j pw; n fd jdpahd xU igad;fSf;Fk; ngz;fSf;Fk;
,fog; g l; L s; s hh; . ,j; j ifa FOit mikj; J r; nraw; g l ,J gaDs;sjhf ,Uf;Fk;.
tQ;rg;Gfo;rr ; p Njitah? Ntz;Lk; vd;w fUj;ij ehd; tu
Ntw;fpNwd;. mJ rpwe;j Nahrid. - guhf;fpuk ePhpnay;y> ,af;F
ve; j xUtUk; vij Ntz; L - vl;Ntl; nw[pNdhy;l; dh;> [df;fusa ehlff; FO.
Mf;fk; 19

fhj;jhidf; fhf;Fk; Kaw;rp


fh.Nfkyh&gpdp> e.fy;gdh
aho;gg; hzg; gy;fiyf;fofk;>
ehlfKk; muq;fpaYk; Jiw

aho;g;ghzj;jpy; ghuk;ghpakhf Mlg;gl;L tUk; $j;Jfspy; fhj;jtuhad;


$j;J Kf;fpakhdJ. ntt;NtW r%f fl;likg;GfNshL thOfpdw ; kf;fs;
kj;jpapy; ,f;$j;J Mlg;gl;L tUfpwJ. Kd;dh; ,utputhf Mlg;gl;lJ> jw;
fjputd; NghJ FWfpa Neukhff; Fiwe;J tpll ; J. ehl;bd; jw;Nghija #oypy; FW
rpd;duhrh fpa Neuf; $j;Jf;fs; Mlg;gLtJ $l mhpNj.
mz;zhtpkhh;fs; Clhf mLj;j re;jjpapdUf;Ff; flj;jg;gl;L te;j ,f;
fiy> jkpoh; gFjpfspy; epyTk; ,lk;ngah;T> nrhe;j ChpypUe;J ePz;l
fhyk; mWgl;L tho;jy; Nghd;w fhuzq;fshy; tof;fpoe;J NghAs;sJ.
aho;gg
; hzj;jpy; kapyplb
; > flw;fiuAld; ,ize;j> fpuhkpag; gz;ghl;Lld;
$ba xU fpuhkk;. ,f; fpuhkj;jpYk; fhj;jtuhad; $j;j Mlg;gl;L te;jpUf;
fpwJ. fle;j 20 tUlq;fshf ,f;fpuhk kf;fs; jkJ nrhe;j ,lj;jpy; ,y;iy.
,th;fsJ ,lq;fis ,uhZtk; Mf;fpukpjJ ; f; nfhz;l gpdd
; h; ,ilj;jq;fy;
Kfhk;fspNyNa tho;fpwhh;fs;. ,e;j epiyik me;jf; fpuhkj; jpd; $j;Jg;
ghuk;ghpaj;ijNa FopNjhz;bg; Gijj;J tpll ; J. vdpDk; vr;r
nrhr;rq;fshf xUrpy jdp egh;fs; $j;ijg; ghJfhf;fg;
ngUk; Kaw;rpfis Nkw;nfhz;L tUfpwhh;fs;.
,lk;ngah;eJ ; thOfpdw ; #o;epiyapYk; fhj;jtuhad;
$j;ij njhlh;e;J MbtUgth; fjputd; rpd;duhrh.
,th; Rg;gpukzpak; mz;zhtpahhpd; topg;gLj;jypy;
‘Fwj;jp’ ghj;jpuk; Vw;W ebj;jth;. 20 jlitfSf;F Nky;
fhj;jtuhad; $j;jpy; MbAs;shh;. ,jid tpl ‘Njtb
ahs;’> ‘gpd; rpdd; hd;’> ‘gpw; fhj;jhd;’> ‘rptd;’ ghj;jpuq;
fspy; ebj;jth;.
jw;NghJ ,th; fhj;jtuhad; $j;ij jhNd xOq;F nra;J
jahhpjJ
; NkilNaw;wp tUfpwhh;. jdJ FOtpDila Qhg
fhh;j;jkhf ,f;fiyiaj; jhd; njhlh;e;J nra;J tUfpwhh;
vdf; Fwpgg
; pLfpwhh;. ,f;fiyia tsh;ff
; Ntz;Lk; vd;w tpUg;g
Kk; mthTk; ,thplKk; ,tUila kidtpaplKk; ,Ug;gij mtjh
dpff
; KbfpwJ.
flw;njhopy; nra;fpdw ; eNlrh;> vOj thrpff; j; njhpahjth;. vdpDk;
Nfs;tp Qhdj;jpd; %yk;fhj;jhd; ghly;fis kdg;ghlk; nra;J
itj; j pUf; f pwhh; . jw; N ghija neUf; f bahd #o; epiyapYk; >
,isQh;fis xd;W jpul;b fhj;jtuhad; $j;ij Mb tUfpd; whh;.
fhj;jtuhad; $j;jpy; ghly;fs; kpf Kf;fpa khdit. ,jw;fhf Fuy;
tsk; kpff; ,isQh; fisj;jhd; Njh;en ; jLf;fpwhh;
vdf; Fwpgg ; pLfpwhh;. $j;ijg; goFfpdw; NghJ ,utp
uthfg; goFtjhfTk; MLgth;fs; njhopy; nra;g
th;fs; vd;gjhy; ,utpy; kl;LNk $j;Jg; gof Neuk;
fpilf; Fk; vd;Wk; $Wk; eNlrh;> jw;Nghija ehl;Lr;
#oy; mjw;F ,lk; jutpyi ; y vd;gij kd tUj;jj;
Jld; njhptpff ; pwhh;.
fhj;jtuhad; $j;ij MLtjw;F fLikahd tpjpKiw
fs; gpdg; w;wg;gLfpdw ; d. gof;fj; njhlq;fpaJk; khkprk;
cz;zhJ tpujk; ,Uf;fpwhh;fs;. xj;jpif> Fk;gk; itj;J
Muk;gpff ; g;gLfpwJ. $j;J KbAk;NghJ Nfhapy; Kd;wypy;
Fk;gj;ijr; rhpj;J tzq;Ffpwhh;fs;. ,e;j ek;gpf;iffSf;
Fk;> tpjpKiwfSf;Fk; khwhf elf;Fk; gl;rj;jpy; $j;jhLgth;
fSf;Fj; jPq;F Vw;gLk; vd;w ek;gpf;if epyTfpwJ. tpjp
Kiwg;gb nra;ahtpll ; hy; $j;jhbfSf;F nfl;lJ elf;Fk;
vd;Wk; Fwpgg ; pLfpwhh; eNlrh;. ,th; Nghd;Nwhh; gzp Cf;Ftpf;
fg;glNtz;Lk;. n
Mb 2008
20 $j;juq;fk;
ngwhJ ,ilapy; mWe;J Nghapd.
jkpo; muq;fpy; Gyikj;Jt ciuahly;fSf;
fhd MSikahfTk; tha; g ; G ikakhfTk;
,Ug; g th; Nguhrphpah; fh.rptj; j k; g p. mtUk;
,d;W jd; gzpia kl;Lg;gLj;jpf; nfhz;ljhy;>
jkpo; muq;Fk; me;j Clhl;lj;Jf;fhd tha;gG ; f;fSk; Fiwe;J
Nghapd. jkpo; muq;fpd; vjph;fhy tsh;r;rpf;F
‘Gyikj;Jt ,ilaPL’ (Interluctual intervention) kpf
Gyikj;JtKk; mtrpakhfpdw ; J. Ma;TfSk; fha;jYtj;jyw;w
tpthjq; f s; > fUj; J g; ghpkhw; w q; f s; > ghpNrh
<oj;jpy; ,d;W gy;NtW JiwfspYk; ‘Gyikj; jid Kaw;rpfSk; Njitg;gL fpd;wd. ,jd;
Jt ifaWepiy’ (Interluctual Bankruptcy) fhzg; %yNk jkpo; muq;F jd; Kd; cs;s rthiy
gLtij ,dq;fhz KbAk;. vjphn
; fhs;tjw;fhd Gjpa khw;wq;fis Nehf;fp
,uz;L jrhg;jq;fSf;F Nkyhd Aj;j #oiy efu KbAk;.
,jw;F gpujhd fhuzkhf ,dq;fhz KbAk;. ,d;W> jkpo; muq;fj; Jiw rhh;eJ ; ,aq;Ffpdw ;
Gyikahsh;fspd; njhlh; ntspNaw;wk; ghhpa gyh; ,Uf;fpwhh;fs;. ,th;fspy; mjpfkhdth;fs;
,ilntspia Vw;gLj;jpAs;sJ. ,Uf;fpdw ; xU Mrphpah;fshth;. muq;fpid ek;gpg; gpiog;gth;
rpy Gyikahsh;fSk; ‘jtphj; j
; y;’ vd;w jj;Jthh; fSk; $l cs;shh;fs;. ,th;fs; midtUNk
jj;ijg; gpdg
; w;Wgth;fshfNt cs;shh;fs;. %d; Gyikj;Jt ,ilaPl;Lf;fhd VJepiy gw;wpr;
whk; epiyapdh; jk;ik Kjy; epiyapduhfg; rpe; j pj; j hf Ntz; L k; . mjw; f hd tha; g ; G fs;
ghtid nra;fpd;w mgj;jj;ijAk; fhzKb gy; f iyf; f ofj; j pD}lhf mjpfg; g Lj; j g; g l
fpd;wJ. Ntz;Lk;.
jkpo; muq;ifg; nghWj;j tiuapy; “Gyikj;Jt Jujph\; l
; trkhf Nguhrphpah; fh.rptj;jk;gp Nghd;
ifaWepiy’ fhyq;fhykhf epytpNa te;jpUf; Nwhhpd; ,ilntspia epug;gf;$bajhd MSik
fpwJ. ,J muq;fpd; MNuhf;fpakhd njhlh;r; fis ,d;Wtiu <oj;J jkpo; muq;fpy; ,dq;
rpahd tsh;rr; pff
; hd jilahf ,Ue;J te;Js; fhz Kbatpy;iy. mjw;fhd VJepiy$l
sJ. vdpDk;> mWgJ njhlf;fk; vd;gJ tiu gy; f iyf; f of #oypy; ,y; i ynad; g J ft
ahd fhyfl;lj;jpy; Gyikj;Jt ,ilaPLfs; iyf;FhpaJ.
XusTf;F fhzg;gl;bUf;fpdw ; d vd;gij kWg;
gjw;fpy;iy. me;j epiyik njhlh;e;J tsh;j; jkpo; muq;F jd;Kd;Ds;s ,d;iwa rthiy
njLf;fg;gltpy;iy. ehlf muq;ff; fy;Y}hp> ntd;nwLj;jhf Ntz;Lk;. ,jw;fhf> jkpo; muq;
mitf;fhw;Wiff; fofk; Nghd;wd gy;fiyf; fpy; fhzg;gLk; Gyikj;Jt ifaW epiyia
fofj;jpwF; ntspNa Gyikj;Jt tpthjq;fis ,y; y hJ nra; J Gyikj; J t ,ilaPLfis
Ak; fUj; j hly; f isAk; nraw; g hLfisAk; mjpfg;gLj;j Ntz;baJ mtrpak;.
J}z;bapUe;jd. mitAk; njhlh;rr ; pahf eil - Mrphpah;

‘fthp tPrpa
fhtyd;”>
1971Mk; Mz;L
Mtzp khjk;
jpUNfhzkiyapy;
eilngw;w mfpy
,yq;if Njrpa
ehlfg; Nghl;bapy;
Kjyplk; ngw;w
ehlfk;.
,e;j ehlfj;ij
vOjpapUe;jth;
f.nrhf;fypq;fk;
(nrhf;fd;)
newpahs;if
Mtzk; je;J cjtpah; v];.hp.muR nra;jth; v];.hp.muR

itfhrp 2008