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,

1985, . 19, . 3, 2 2 - 3 5

539.123




.. , . , . .

.
, ,
.
1;
. [1],
, ; ,
[2] .
, ,
,
.
, .
],
,
,
.
[3],
.
, ];

.

,
, :
. ],


, ,
. 1; .
, [1 17].


.

. . [18].
1.

( ,
)

() " + X {) ' + = 0,1
^ f (1)

23

() {)
; X .
(1) :
(1) [2]. ,
,
(1)
.
1.

.
(1) = [s) ,
: {s) =^ X [s -\- ) {s)
^{x{s)]

x{s + hll) -'X{s

//2)
,x[x(s)]
"^
2

y{s-\-h) y{s) ___


\_x{s-\-h)X
{s)
y{^-^h)~y{s)
,
lx(s-\-h)~x{s)
'^

{s)~y{s
h)l
x[s)x{s
h)\ '
y{s)-y{s-~h)-]
, ^,,/,_
x{s)-x(s-h)\
-^ ^^

/9\
[^)

(l)co !
^ = h. s - ^ hs,
(2) h = i

^' - ; ^ [ |_] + 1 1 ^ [ ^ + ^ ] + , (,,=0,


" / {s)=f{s

+ i)~f

(.), V/ (s) = Af{s-

(3)

1).

(3), (:) {)
, X ,

.
(3)^
(3) .
! . (s)

(3), [s)

\-[x{s

+ 1) + x{s)]=ax{s

+ 4") +

(^)

{, ), [ ( 5 + 1) (s)]^
{s ^ \12). V]^ (s) ==
= Avj^-i (5)/:/_1 (5), UQ (S) = (s) Xo (s) = X (5), xj^ (s) = X {s + /c/2),
= 1, 2, . . . (3)
^^ L^^ (">>J :.,(^-1/2)[ V ^ ^ J +

[ ^ ^ ^ ^\

+ ^' ' 7 ~

^^

/ {]^) ]^ (xj^)
xj^ , [^ .
< [^)]

2^^ IM'^)] ^/ [s^^^a[x

(s)] - | - [: (s)] (^s

-^^^d(s).
(5)

x{s),
. (4) + 1

g'l ^2
2 _ 2 + 1 = ,

(6)

24

. . ,

. . ,

. .

Ci ^2 , 1/2.
[ {s -{- 1) X (s)]^
X (5 + 1/2), Ci 2 . ,
QiQ2 = 1, gi + g2 = 2, ]
[a:(s + l)-x (s)]^ = [ {\ - 1) + ^ {ql - i)f =
= {qi - q^f [C.qr' - C,qr'Y = 4 (a^ - 1) [{C,qr^ + .^

:4(a2-l){[a:(.+l/2)-^ P

- ^C^C.f =
'-4C1C2

= 1 (4), ^ 1,.
{s) = As^ + Bs -\- , = 4|3, .
= 1 .
1
(3) .
. (s) 1.
^ ()
2

'

^x(s +

l)x{s)

{s + 1/2) nun 1
.

^ {s + l) + "" (s) _x{s-\-i)+x


2
2

is)
'

""'^ {s + i) + ""-^ {s)


2
~^

+ -^ [. (. + 1)- .is)f '^^y^Xl'-Q^' ' ('^>


x'^(s + i)--x''{s)
^ x{s+\)+x
xls-\-i) x{s)~
2

{s) ^ ar^-l (g + 1) x""'^ {s) . x'^"^ {s + i) + x""-^ {s)


*
x\s + i)~x(s).
+
2

(76)
1. i^^ (^)
(5) (
).
/ {s)|^x {s) + V/ {s)lVx {s) = - [V/ (s)/Vx (s)] + 2A/ {s)/Ax (s)
(5)
A

Vv^ (s) 1

Avj^ (s)

^H^) ,^J_^ [ - v ^ J + - . ( ^ ) - 4 y - + ^^..^) = 0.

(8>

, (s) = (Tfc [xj, (s)]

^Tj, [xj, (s)] Axj, (s 1/2), TJ, (S) = Xj, [xj, (s)].

(9)

(8) Vj, (s) Vj^+i (s) ==


= ;;^ (s)/Axj, (s):
^^ (^) vl'^'l?) + ^ft (') ^^-1 (') + f^^^^ (') = 0-

(10)

A/Axj, (5),

25

AGJ, (S)
_ ^
^ ,,, - (s)
--()=-5^ + ^+1)-|^.


(5)
"^^'^^'^ ^x^^^(s-i|2)

Atr. (s)
F^..i = H. + ^ ^ -

L v^,^,(s) J -^

(12)

(11)

L ^(^) ~^ v^;c4-i(^) J ^
+ !^/c+iy/c+i(5) = 0,

5;+1 {s) = ^ (s) + -^ Tfe+1 (5) A:r/,+i (5 1/2)

(13)

(14)

,
S'fe+i (5) = Gfe+i Ixj^+i (s)], Tfc+1 (5) = Tfe+1 [;/,+1 (s)],

(15)

Ofe+i (:rfe+i), Tfc+i (:rfe4-i)


xj^+i.
(12) (14) dj^+i {s) ^+1 {s) (4) (9)

0,Ms)-

^'^^^')

^^ (.)

+ ^

+ ^

:, (.)

+
[(a2-l)^,,i(5) + (cc+l)P].

(17)

' (15).
, (14), (9) (5)
'^/ (5) = .,+1 [},^1 (s)] -J- Tfc^.1 [xj,^^ (s)] ^XM (S 1/2) =
= o^/c [^k (s)] 4 ^ [^k (s)] ^/ (s 1/2) = or (5).

(18)

, (5) Vj^+i {s) = Az;^ {s)/Ax]f: (s)


(13), (5) / / + 1.
.

(13) 11]^ y/c+i (s) =

^ . >. > Vj^ {s)

l\X-i^ \S)

(5).
V)^ (s),
y/f+i {s) (10). (10)
A/A^fe (s), () (12) v^^-x {s)
Ai;fe {s)IAx^ (5) = i^/c+i [s). (10) , V]^ {s)
(8), (5).
,
(3).
2. 1
X == ^ [i^ = \ij^ {X) (5) = ,
1, . . ., / 1, [i^ {X) = 0. (3)
(s) == ^ [ (s)], ^ ()
.

26

. . , . . , . .

. (5) = , [in ^
v^ (s) = const. ,
(5) V]^ (s) ( = , = 1^ . . ., 0),
Vj^ (s) = ^-i {s)/Ax]^^i (s)
^^ (s). =
. v^+^ (s) 1
]^+1 {s). (5)
**1 "^^

^^7<-j-i (^)

Ms) = -~[oAMs)]

;7,^1 Is) + j,^- (s 1)

v4l(.) +^^)] '^-^^'^/^^^

'-

^Vj^+-i_ {s)/Vxj^+-^ (s) 1/2 Ivj^+i (s) + Vj^^^ {s


Xj^+2 (^ 1) 2
1 . Xj^+2 (^ 1) = ^/ (^)?
is) Xj^ (s).
= 1, ^ 2 . . / = ,
.
2.
.
(3), (8)
(. (18))
^ {^^il2) [^ ^^) ^ (^) v ? J ) J + ^^^ ('^^ ;^^) =

(/ = , 1, .. ., ^).

(19)

^^ (5), {s) ^ {s)


^ (,-1/2) [^ (^) ^ (^)] = "^^ ^^) : (^.

(20)

(12), (18) (20)


G ( 5 + 1 ) P ^ (S + 1)

^7^)

= (.) + , {S) , (. - 1/2) =


^ ( ^ + 2 ) P , , I ( 5 + 2)

= (5 + 1) + f,_1 (5 + 1) ^,_1 (5 + 1/2) = -

^-1 (^ + 1 )

G(g + l)P/,-i(^ + l) _

^(^ + 2)p^^_i(s + 2)

^^^

(5) ,
. (s) = 1,
, (s) = (s + 1) ,_1 {S + 1).
(21)

p,(s) = p(5 + / c ) n ^ ( 5 + i).

(22)

1; (21) (19)
v^ (s) Vj^+j^ (s):
(s) Vj, (s) =

^^^^^ ^^^ [PJ,,^ (S) VJ,^:^ (s)l

: = , 1, . . ., 1,
^ = - 1 ^ ^

(^^ = - f ^

( ^ ) ( - ^ ) (P.V.) = . . . = 4-^^"HPn'^J.

27

M^fe' ^0 1? D^'^^
7i:=0

z;^ {s) = const, X = ^


(s) = ^ (), = (s) (3):
yn(^) = -^D^"49n{s)],

(23)

. (23)
.

(3).
[ {s)]
, .
3.
.
(23) .
^^ (s) = ^ [ {s)] ^ (s) = ^ [ (s)]
(s)
A^(s-l/2)

[^ (^) (^) ^^]

+ ^- (') "^ (') = '^'

. ( 1/2) [^ (^) (^) ^-]


+ ^"f* ^'^ - ^'^ = ^ ^^, ^^^
.
{^ ) {S) (s) (s) ^ (s 1/2)

s = Sf^ Sj+i = 5^ + 1
i, <J 5^ ^ 6 1:
( ) 2^ (Si) (^) 9 (Si) ^ (Si 1/2)

V^ (s)

-^(^)P(^rn(s)-^-yn{s)~^\l-

Vy

(s) 1 \b

(24)

y^ {s) y^ {s) x {s), a


^ {s)/^x (s) Vy^ {s)/Vx (s) X {s 1/2), TO
ijjy^ {s)Vg^ {s)IVx (s) y^ {^)^ (s)IVx (s)
^ (s) ^ {s 1/2) (&, Z = , 1, . . .).

(s) (s) "" (s) ' [S - 1/2) 1^, -
(/, Z - , 1, . . .)
(25)
(24) .
.

.
(25) ^ %^^ ^ (s) = ^ [ (s)]
(3) = (s) :
-1

{^1){^)9-1!2

= 0,

xi = X (s;), = (s-), ^-^/ = ^ { l/2).j

(26)

28

. . ,

. . ,

. .


(3).
(3),
(26), ^ ,
^^i-i/2 ,
.
4.
.
, ; = (5)
S. ^ 0.
(s) -^ ax{s) -\- b, s>s-\-c,
(3), X (s) :
;s
( = 1, = 0),
(27)
x{s) = ' s{s+i)
(28)
( = 1, =1/4);
(29)
g2Ys ( > 1 , a = ch7, = 0);
(30)
sh 2ys, ch 2ys
p
=
0).
(31)
x{s) = cos2ys (0<^<^1, a = cos ,

^(^)={

(12), (16) (17) ,


X (s) [^ :
1) (27) (28)
11^ = }, + ' {) + -^{

1) " {),

(32)

2) (29) ~ (31)
|^ = ;^ + ( (^) { 1) ' {) + - i - <) ( 1) " {)],
(( =

, %{) =

(33)

^1> ^2 (6).

\1 () = (32) (33)
% = 1, 2
(3) .
5.
,
,

.
.
(s),
(23), x{s) = s (2D) =

P(g + 1) ^
9{s)

a ( g ) + T(g)
5 ( 5 + 1)

.n.v
^^^>'

(s) (s) -}- {s)


h^n'^^ {, N),
'^^ (), ^^ {, N) {).
. 1. (s) =
= 5 (5 + 1) ^'^'^ {, , 6)
Wn^ (, , 6) (. 2).
. 1 2 [2, 3, 59, 11, 12].

(29) [4, 14, 15]. ,
(30), [ID].
(29)(31)
[17].

2V


1
(,)

()

^^' ^ \ . iV)

{0,N)
( + N ) + X + i)
(1 ){+\)

(, > - 1 )

n.^:^^\.)

4^\^, N)

(0, )

(0, 7V+1)

e^^'w 1

n''r(Y+^)
(; + 1)(7)
(Y>0,
0<<1)

(: + 1)(/-:+1) (; + 1),
(ti>0)
(>0, >0,
1

3(0:)

x(a + N x)

()

(P + l ) ( / V - l ) - ( + p + 2 ) ^

X
1

n(i-\i)

(-

<

-^('-;)
!
{-if

^ ^ _ (1 _ ^ ) ^

iflnl

{+ + 1) + +1)
( + + + + 1)
( + + 2 4- 1) w! ( + +
+ ra + l)(/V 1)!

'^J (V)n

(pqf

F^"(l-l^)^

! (N /)!

1'
1

()

?^'(, , ), = (s) = S (S + 1 )

w^ ' ^ {, , ), = X (S) = S (S + 1)

(, 6)

(, )

( + S + 1) (S ~ + + 1) (6 + - S) X

T(a + s+i)T(c

+ s + l)

(5 + 1)( 5)(6+ :
( P + S+ 1)(5 + 1)(6 s)T(b + s + i)

+ 5 + 1)(5 + 1)
1
(-^2<<>-1,||<;+1)-

5 (S)
(.)

(5 ) (5 + 6) (s + ) (6 + s)
( + 1) ( - ) + ( + 1) 6 (& + ) _ ( + 1) ( + 1) -- ( + + 2) S (5 + 1)
' ( + + -1-1)

(- \

(5 a)(s + ) (s c)

6 -\- -{-

-i-s(s+i)

;
1

( + 7 + 1)( + + 1)( + + +

'"

( + + + 1)
1
( + + 2 + 1) ! ( + + W + 1) (6 ! (6 1)! (6 )

1)! ( + & ?)


. ^ A['o(s)p{s)x^ {si/2)]ds = 0(k=0,l,,..

(23) 5-:
^[^{^)][^{^)]{^) :(5-1/2)5 = 0, ,

.
[16].
[13, 16]
[11].

-30

. . , . . , . .

^ ()^
(26):
N-1

2J

\^) \^) ^ ^ - 1 / 2 =

(^n^mni

. ,
^^ = d^^y^ (xi) YPi^^t-i/^

^ () = h^n'^^ {^^
w^^^ [ (s), , ], {s) = s {s -\- i) [6]:

(A, I\) (

I)

^nJM_^_^yr^

+ k + l)

X wf-^'^^' ^+^),^.

^ + ^ ]

(35)

{, ^ - , 1, . . ., N - 1).

, .
2.
[

S0{3)
.
S0{3) ^
, Qj-
(., , [1822]).

. , ;
, , 6/-
.
6/-
.
1. ;

. ,
, |3, , ^jm D^
; SO (3) (, Yi^ (, )
I) "/^/
I J7M' = 2^^'

\^ ? ) ^ jm^

DLm' (, , 7) =

e-^^^rf'mm' () ' ^ ^ '

(36)

^).

1)
[21].

31

, d^^/ ) :
( _ l)m-m' | / i i l dL, () = J ^

^--'- '"^'"'^ (.), S = COS ,

(37)

(/ > I m' I),


{s) d^ .
d-
^ dmm' () dmm' () d COS =

^ + 1 ^:^:?"

.
,
dmm' ()
':
'

, (37) mf
,
, ^
, - ^^ {, N)
[23]

( - 1)'"' () = J ^

^ (, N),

(38)

() TL d^ (. 1), / = ; , =:
= j \ N = 2/, = sin^ (/2).
(36) (38)
.
, , . . ,
(36) (38), -
.
(38)
SO (2, 1),
[24].
2.
. D^^ (g) D^^
D^^ D^^ SO (3)
D^
():
"^jm^

<hmhm2

1 jm} %.%.']

(39)

[2527]
(-iy-'"4/imi/2/n2l/m>=/j^f^/2f'^4,;^iV)l

(m>l7n'|),

(40)

^) (40) , [18] (. [19, 28]). (40) [29, 30].

32

. . ,

. . ,

. .

{) d^ (. 1); / = / ^^ ^ ==
= /2 ^2 i ^ = 7i + 7*2 -" ^ + 1 = 1\ = + 1\ ' =
= /i 72 (35) (40) *
uf^^ (;, , ):
( _ if^^^^'\hmihm,

I jmy = ^P^'^f' + '^ 4'^ [^ (^), , 6],

(41)

(5) d]^ wP {, , ) (. 2); = j^ ^2


x{s) = s{s + 1), 5 = /, = 1, & = 7*1 + 7*2 + 1, = ' = ji j ^ .
(40) (41), . ,

S

</i^i7*2^21 jm} 0\miJ2m2 \ fm} = ^^-,


S 0'irniJ2m21 jmy </imi/2^2 I jm} = 6

,.

[31]

N = N + ^LtL,

N^oo

(40) j ^ ^ ', ji + J2 + i "^ 7


<hmihm217*^> ~ ( - iy^^"^^ ^/"^ '^'^^' ()'

^^^^

COS^:

TTli

/722

/1+/2 + 1


SO (4) (.,
, [32]). , (40),
SO (4) .

SO (3, 1),
[16].
3. 6 -


.
D^^ (g) D^^ (g) D^
SO (3) D^
[D^^ () 0 D^^ Z)Ji g) [D^" () .
^ j ^ Wf^
U (/^, 72)TJ??.=SC7(/i2, / ) ^ .

(43)

Jl2

6]'' :
(/12, /23) = ( - lpi^+i3+i [(2 + 1) (2/23 + 1)]^'^ {' '" f I .
L//

J 23)

33

[11, 31, 33] -


^^'^^{,,
6)1)

(_ 1)^^-^---/241 {;.;';;;;}=J^^^->[^(.), , ]

ih h > I / 7 h 7372 > 17i 7 D'


{s) dn (. 2); = j^^ 7i + /
x(s) ^ s{s + 1), s = /23, ^ = 7*3 7*2. ^ =^ 7*2 + 7*3 + 1, = 7*1 7*2 ~ 7* +
+ h == 7*1 7*2 + 7*3 h
(44) 6/-. ,
[31],
uf^ ^^ {X, , ) ^ {NT

[' ^' {t) +

2 _ ( ^ /2)2 -

( -

{N'')l

/2)2,

& -> ,

: == 5 (5 + 1) = 1/4 + ( -

/2)2 (1 -

6/-00 j \ ^ 7*2 ^ 7*3 7 ^


1/3

]-

^/2 + ( +/2)2 (1 + ^ / 2 ,

7*i2

[( + ,, + 1)(/ + , + 1)]^^^ ^ - ; . , . - ) '

(4^)

^^ _ (2/23 + 1)^ - (/1 + /2 + 1)^ - (/3 + / + 1)^


COSp
2(/1 + /2 + 1)(/ + / + 1)
fe^^'"^^{, N) ^'^^ {^.-, )
^'^"^ {s)
. (37), (40) (44) 6/- d- (.
(42) (45)).
/'- ,

,
.
9/-0, , ,
,
[35].

[36],
[37]
(., , [15, 16]).
. .
. . . ,
. . . . ; . ,
. . .
1) (43) [34]. ,
, [10, 11],
. 1
, [].
2

. , 19, . 3

34

. . , . . , . .

1. , ., . ., . .
. . . .
, 1984, 142.
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. 2, . 236238, 314334, 357374; . 3, . 6687.
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Nachr., 1949, Bd. 2, S. 4 - 3 4 .
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. . . .
, 1983, 17.
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. . . .
, 1985, 8.
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. .: , 1958.
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1965.
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. .: . . -, 1975.
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coefficients for the SU(2) and SU(i, 1) groups as the discrete analogues of the Poschl
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. , 1982, . 35, . 1, . 192201.
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SU{2). . . . , 1982,
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. , 1959, . 3, . 183185.
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. ,.
1974, . 20, . 5 5 4 - 5 6 1 .
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6/- .
. . . , 1983, 64.

35

:32. Stone . . Some properties of Wigner coefficients and hyperspherical harmonics.


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1982, . 36, . 4(10), . 10661071.
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. 126-132.
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. . .


18 1984 .

7*