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ISBN 978-9943-09-688-2

, 2008 .

ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN


BRANCH OF SAMARKAND
INSTITUTE OF ARCHAEOLOGY

THE HISTORY
OF MATERIAL
CULTURE
OF UZBEKISTAN
36 EDITION
Edited by Sh.R. Pidaev

Tashkent
Fan Publishing House
Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan
2008

36
Editor-in-Chief
Dr. Sh.R. Pidaev

Permanent Staff:
Prof. A.A. Abdurazzakov, Academician of Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences A.A. Askarov
Academician of Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences Y.F. Buryakov, Prof. M.D. Djurakulov
Academician of Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences U.I. Islamov, Academician of Uzbekistan
Academy of Sciences A.R. Muhamedjanov, Academician of Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences E.V. Rtveladze
Prof. R.H. Suleymanov, Prof. T.Sh. Shirinov, Prof. .. Yagodin
Additional Staff:
Dr. A.A. Raimkulov, Dr. A.A. Gricina, Dr. D.K. Mirzaahmedov
Reviewers:
Prof. T.K. Hodjayov
Prof. M. Jurakulov

This publication is dedicated to the memory of Yahya Gulyamov, member of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan, who greatly contributed to establishing of the archeological science in Uzbekistan. It presents the latest results of archeological investigations and covers a period from the Paleolithic to the Late Medieval Period
in Uzbekistan. These reviews cover various topics such as industry in the Stone Age, crafts and trade in ancient
and medieval times, topology and planning of towns and settlements, burial and cult architecture, performing
arts, development of ideology, as well as issues of political history. This collection of articles is designed for
archeologists, historians, scholars of other historical sciences and for all interested in history of Central Asia.

ISBN 978-9943-09-688-2

Fan Publishing House Academy of


Sciences of Republic of Uzbekistan, 2008.

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lge du Fer au Kazakhstan, gestes funraires et paramtres biologiques. Identits culturelles des
populations Andronovo et Saka [ : ,
. ].
Mmoires de la Mission Archologique Franaise en Asie entrale [ ], T. XII, - De Boccard [ ], , 2007.

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5. . [Duday, H.]. Lezioni di archeotanatologia: archeologia funraria e antropologia di campo, [ : ]. Ecole Franaise de Rome
[ ]. 2007.
6. .. 4B, . . 22. , 1988.
7. .. ( II . .. ).
. . . . . , 1990.
8. .. K // , . 27. , 1996.
9. K. [Kaniuth (K.)]. Metallobjekte der Bronzezeit aus Nordbaktrien, Eurasian [
]. Abteilung des Deutschen Archologischen Instituts
[ ]. 2006.
10. E.E. ? . ., 1994.
11. C. [Larsen C.]. Bioarchaeology. Interpreting behavior from the humain skeleton [. ], Cambridge University Press, -, 1977.
12. .. [Thomas L.V.]. Rites de mort. Pour la paix des vivants [, . .], Fayard. 1985.
13. .. [Francfort H.-P.]. Fouilles de Shortugha recherches sur l'Asie centrale protohistorique [
, ], Diffusion de Boccard
[. ], , 1989. 2 .
14. T.K. K , , 1980.
15. . [Hff D.]. Tempel oder Palast? Dscharkutan Monumentalbauten und Siedlung im bronzenzeitlichen
Baktrien, [ ? ]. In: Archologische Entdeckungen. Die Forschungen des Deutschen Archologischen Instituts im
20. Jahrhundert 1. [ 20- ] (Mainz 2000),
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16. . [Hff D.] Bronzezeitliche Monumentalarchitektur in Zentralasien, [ ]. Migration und Kulturtransfer. Der Wandel voder-und zentralasiatischer
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2- 1- ..], ,
2001.
17. ., ., . [Huff D., Pidaev Sh., & Shaydullaev Sh.]. Uzbek-German archaeological
researches in the Surkhan Darya region [- ], In : Leriche P., Pidaev Sh., Gelin M., Abdullaev K., La Bactriane au carrefour
des routes et des civilisations de l'Asie entrale. Termez et les villes de Bactriane-Tokharestan. Actes du
colloque de Termez 1997 // .
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1997.


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CONTENTS
The Life Path and Heritage of Academician Y.G. Gulyamov
B.K. Sayfullayev
The Role of Raw Material in Development of Stone-Making Techniques in Quturbulaq
B.K. Sayfullayev, I.M. Qurbanbayev
Studying Stone Age Workshops in Qyzylqum (Data example from Yesen 2 and KokAyaz 1, 2, and 3)
N.U. Halmatov, K.A. Krakhmal
To Problem of Classification of Cultural Layers of the Achyl-Ghar Cave Site
A.P. Derevyanko, U.I. Islamov, K.A. Kolobova, D. Flas, A.I. Krivoshapkin, S.V. Leschinsky, K.A.
Krakhmal, S.V. Zvints, K.K. Pavlenok, G.A. Mukhtarov
Renewal of Archaeological Works on the Multi-Layer Site of Quturbulaq in 2007
B.H. Matbabayev, Z.Z. Mashrabov
Historic-Archaeological Study of the City of Andijan (some results of works conducted in 2000-2007)
V.D. Ruzanov
Some Results of Studying Metals of the Zamanbaba Culture
L.M. Sverchkov, N. Boroffka
The Yaz II Cultural Complex from Bandykhan
Julio Bendezu-Sarmiento, S. Mustafaqulov
Archaeological and Anthropological Studies at the Jarkutan Cemetery
Sh.T. Adylov, D.K. Mirzaakhmedov
New Data on History of Early Occupation of the Varakhsha Oasis (issues of periodization and chronology according to results of studies of Varakhsha and its rural
suburbs)
E.V. Rtveladze
Finding of Kharoshti Inscriptions on the Kampirtepa Settlement
A.V. Omelchenko
Towards Studying the Temple of the Citadel of Paykend
Sh.R. Pidayev, M.A. Reutova
The Zartepa Paintings
Matteo Compareti
The Afrasiab Settlement Painting Cycle: Current State of Studies
A.A. Gritsina
Archaeological Studies in the Basin of Pshaghar-Say
A.A. Raumqulov, M.H. Isamiddinov, F. Egamberdiyev
Early Medieval Pottery from Tortkoltepa
A.M. Malikov
Ethno-cultural Processes in Soghd during the Early Medieval Period: TurkoSoghdian Inter-influences
G.I. Bogomolov
The Ghopat-Shah Image in Chach
O.Yu. Aripjanov
The Playing Bones Findings in Central Asia
A.A. Musakayeva, G.I. Bogomolov, V.S. Minosyants, P.I. Gendelman
From History of Burial Traditions in the Kushan Bactria: Nauses of Old Termez
N.B. Nemtseva
Mashads in Islamic World (Historical retrospective)
A.E. Berdimuradov, G.I. Bogomolov
The Bird-Human Image on the Gravings of the Burial Constructions of Soghdians in
North China

7
10
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25
38
47
50
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61
79
85
91
102
109
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128
133
142
149
157
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36
D.K. Mirzaakhmedov, Sh.T. Adylov, B.H. Matbabayev
189
The Results of Archaeological Studies on the Object-P5b at the Quva Settlement
Yu.F. Buryakov, G.I. Bogomolov, Em.F. Vulfert
210
New Materials on Studying Medieval Nuket and its Suburbs
A.A. Anarbayev, Z.A. Qarayeva
222
Medieval Residential House in Akhsiket (IX-XI centuries)
M.I. Filanovich, S.R. Ilyasova, L.S. Baratova
227
Some Data on Material Culture of Binket (Tashkent)
M.-Sh. Qdyrniyazov, B. Turghanov, O. Qdyrniyazov
238
The Military Objects in Medieval Khorezm
E.A. Smagulov
On Developing the Concept of Sauran Archaeological Complex: definition, content,
246
boundaries
NOTES
D. Juraqulova
The Samarqand Paleolithic Site, the Standard Paleolithic Site of Central Asia
K.A. Rahimov
The Heating and Kitchen Hearths of the Sapalli Culture (data example from the
Jarqutan Citadel)
A. Gorin
Coin Findings from Khudaitepa
A.A. Gritsina, M.M. Mambetullayev
S.P. Tolstov, the Great Researcher of Ancient Cultures of Central Asia
M.A. Reutova
To the 60th year anniversary of Vladimir Dmitrievich Ruzanov

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